T. L. SMILEY TREE-RING DATES ~ FROM NEW MEXICO J- K, P, V SANTA FE • P EC 0 5 - LIN C 0 J N ARE A William J. Robinson Bruce G. Harrill Richard L. Warren Flaostaff • LABORATORY OF TREE- RING RESEARCH THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZ ONA TUCSON 1973 • Colorado Sprinos Tree-Ring Dates from New Mexico J-K, P, V Santa Fe--Pecos--Lincoln Area William J. Robinson Bruce G. Harrill Richard L. Warren Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research The University of Arizona Tucson 1973 PREFACE At the end of ten years effort, the comprehensive review of archaeological tree-ring samples from all Southwestern sites by the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Rese arch is essentially complete. The project was begun in 1963 and has bee n generously support ed by the National Science Foundation (Grants GS-247, 908, 2232). All concerned with the project are grateful for this support. This report is the twelth in an unnumbered series tre a ting the results of the review. Thirty-three quadrangles in Arizona , Utah, and New Mexico have been presented in this form. We anticip a te one more report for New Mexico and two for southwestern Color a do in the course of the next few years. The tree-ring sampl e s considered in this rep ort were e xamined by Warren and the text ma inly prepared by Harrill. Much of the original background dat a for each site wa s a ssembled by S. Al an Skinner. Deborah Westfall undertook the arduous task of manuscript typing and, in addition, prepared th e line dr awings. As a lw ays, we are grateful for support fr om our permanent c oll e a gues Bryant Bannister, Jeffrey S. Dean, and John W. Hannah. William J. Robins on Tucson, Arizona June 1, 1973 ii TABLE OF CONTENTS ii PREFACE LIST OF FIGURES v INDEX OF CROSS-REFERENCE OF SITE DESIGNATIONS vi INTRODUCTION 1 THE CURRENT PROJECT 1 ORGANIZATION OF RESEARCH 2 PRESENTATION OF DATA 3 EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS 4 TREE-RING DATES FROM ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES 8 * Indicates undated sites - Map Reference Number J-1. J-2. J-3. J-4. J-5. J-6. J-7. J-8. J-9. J -10. J-11. J-12. J-13 . J-14. J-15. J-16. J-1 7. J-18. J-19. J-20. Name Arrowhead LA 76 Chamis a Locit a - Not used Cundiyo Forked Lightning LA 309 LA 10 LA 27 Manzanares Nambe Pecos Pena Negr a Los Alamos Pueblo Largo Pueblo She Rowe Ruin Santa Fe Area San Cristob a l San Migue l Vill age iii 8 10 12 13 14 15 19 20 24 25 26 30 31 33 39 40 41 44 46 TABLE OF CONTENTS, continued TREE-RING DATES FROM ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES, continued ~·(Indicates undated sites Map Reference Number Name J-21. J-22. J-23. J-24. J-25. J-26. J-27. J-28. J-29. J-30. J-31. Tecolote Ruin LA 671 LA 10/30 Las Madres Tesuque Williams I LA 3333 Arroyo Hondo Macho K-1. Wat rous Area 63 P-1. P-2. P-3. P-4. Armstrong Ruin LA 1846 LA 1268 64 LA 2945 65 v-1. V-2. V-3. V-4. V-5. LA 159 LA 389 LA 742 47 48 50 54 56 57 61 - Not us ed LA 927 Nogales Canyon Nogal Canyon Fort Stanton Ruin REFERENCES 66 67 iv LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Location of Sites in New Mexico J 6 Figure 2. Sequence of Chronologic a l Components in New Mexico J 7 v INDEX OF CROSS-REFERENCE OF SITE DESIGNATIONS ·k Indicates primary site reference see Los Alamos Alamo Armstrong Ruin Arrowhead Arroyo Hondo Arroyo Hondo - Lower Ruin Arroyo Hondo Ruin No. I Arroyo Hondo Ruin No. II Arroyo Hondo - Upper Ruin see see see see Bandelier Bend Borrego House Boys School see Forked Lightning see Santa Fe Area see Santa Fe Area Chamisa Locita Cundiyo Curry House see Santa Fe Area El Zaguan see Santa Fe Area Arroyo Hondo Arroyo Hondo LA 76 LA 76 Forked Lightning Fort Stanton Ruin Galisteo Garita Site Guthe 1 s Ruin see LA 309 see Santa Fe Area see Rowe Ruin Howes Residence Hundiyo ouinge see Santa Fe Area see Cundiyo Kua-Kaa Kua-Kay Kundiyo Ku-uang-ua1-a see see see see LA4 LAS LA 10 LA 12 LA 17 LA 25 LA 27 LA 31 LA 76 LA 80 see Chamisa Locita see Los Alamos Arroyo Hondo Arroyo Hondo Cundiyo Rowe Ruin see Arroyo Hondo see Nambe see Las Madres see Cundiyo see San Cristobal vi INDEX OF CROSS-REFERENCE, continued LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA LA see see se e see see see see 108 183 191 235 239 251 296 309 608 Rowe Ruin Puebl o Larg o Macho Peii.a Ne gra Pueblo She Arrowhe a d Tecolote see Sant a Fe Are a s e e Pecos see Forked Lightning 625 672 742 1104 1225 2945 see Manzanares see Armstrong Ruin ''< 3333 see Tesuque Williams I 6560 Las Madres Los Alamos Lost Church s e e Pecos Manzanares Mayer House Macho see Sant a Fe Are a Nambe Nuestra Senora de Guadelupe Nuestra Senora de los Angeles de Porcinucula s ee Pec os Oldest House in Santa Fe Olive Rush House s ee Sant a Fe Ar e a s ee Sant a Fe Ar ea Pa lace of the Governors Pecos Pecos Mission Pena Negra Pueblo Al amo Pueblo de las Ruedas Pueblo Galiste o Pueblo Largo Pueblo She s e e Sant a Fe Ar ea se e Sant a Fe Are a s ee Pecos s ee Los Al amos s ee Rowe Ru in s ee Las Madr es Rael Hous e Rowe Ruin s ee San t a Fe Ar ea St. Fr ancis s ee Sant a Fe Ar ea San Cristobal San Francisco de Nambe San Miguel Chapel s ee Nambe s ee Sant a Fe Ar e a vii INDEX OF CROSS-REFERENCE, continued s ee San Migue l Vi ll age San Miguel del Vado San Miguel Village Santa Fe Area Santa Fe Cathedral see Santa Fe Area Tecolote Tesuque Williams I Watrous Area see San Cristob a l Yam-p-hamba LA - Laboratory of Anthropology (now Mus eum o f New Mex i co ) site survey v iii INTRODUCTION The Laboratory of Tree-Ring Rese a rch has been serving as a repositor y for archaeological wood and charco a l specimens since 1916 when A.E. Douglass began seeking prehistoric wood in an effort to extend his modern ring chronologies into the past. While his primary interest was in compiling an extensive dendroclimatic record to facilitate long range weather prediction studies, the collection and eventual dating of hundreds of pi eces of prehistoric wood was of inestimable value to archaeologists. Dendrochronology provides the most precise prehistoric temporal control in the world. Determination of the cutting date of artif ac tu a l and a rchitectural materials made of wood is of the greatest importance to culture historians. At the present time Southwestern archaeologists h ave over 2000 years of continuous tree-ring records. From a beginning of an initi a l group of relatively few crossdated beams from the southwestern United States, detailed regional records have been compiled for most of this area and pa r a lle l studies are being or have been developed in the Arctic, the Great Plains, California, Mexico, Europe, and western Asia. Douglass acquired more than 10,000 lab0ratory specimens during a 45year period. Small groups of dates derived by him and his staff appeared at intervals in diverse publications, most of them in th e Tr ee-Ring Bulletin. Then, in 1951, Terah L. Smiley reviewed the existing collection and published a summary of reliabl e sites and dates. This was a major adv anc eme nt of the state of knowledge and has been the standard ref e r ence in the field. By the beginning of the 1960's it had become appa r ent that a new evalu a tion of archaeological specimens was nec essary . A vast number of additional specimens had been collected and many new and better study techniques had been deve loped, In add ition, a t various times over the years, other institutions that maintained collections of dendrochronological materials had turned them over to th e Laborator y of Tree-Ring Research for preservation and study. The original Douglass collection has been augme nted by the acquisition of collections from Gila Pueblo, th e Laboratory of Anthropology at Santa Fe, and the Museum of Northern Arizona. The aggregate group now numbers about 100,000 specimens and the time seems right to a ttempt an up-to-date synthesis of arch aeo logical tree-ring d a ting. THE CURRENT PROJECT In July 1963, th e Labor atory of Tree-Ring Research rece ived a Na tion a l Science Foundation grant to cover the costs involved in reassessing and reworking all of the specimens in its collection . This study h as been productive beyond expectations and r enewal grants were received in July o f 1965 and 1968 to carry this work to completion. The development of more sophistic a t e d techniques of sample prep a ration, analysis, and interpret ation has now made it possible to achieve a high level of efficiency in the producti on of dates. The current project involves a systematic restudy of pertine nt parts of th e collection with the basic aims of: (1) checking pa st work, (2) obtaining as many n ew d a tes as possible, (3) extracting the chronological parameters necessary for prehistoric climatic interpretation, and (4) organizing the resultant data. To this end a series of publications presenting a summary of the available information about the sites and the derived dendrochronological informa tion is being produced. This paper, Tree-Ring Dates from New Mexico J-K, P, V: Santa Fe--Pecos--Lincoln Area, is the twelth of these. A complete list o f titles in this series appears on the inside of the b a ck cover. Specialized chronological data of inter est to dendrochronologists, such as stand a rdized indices and plotted growth curves, will appear at intervals in the Tree Ring Bulletin. This series should b e of gr eat import ance to Southweste rn arch aeo logi s ts. With all prehistoric materials checked for provenience, dating, and possible duplication, the available dendrochronological controls f or each sit e a re exactly determined. The prov enience of dated specimens within a sit e and the temporal ordering of sites within a geographic area are pr e sented a s precisely as possible. In most cases, e x isting published da t e s from individual site s have been c orr ob or a t ed; a few h ave been changed . In many cases, new dates h ave been obta ined for the s e units which serve t o augme nt the range and detail of chronological control. In addition, many specimens from new sites have been dat ed. Some of these are products of recent excavations; others, whose ch ar acteristics pr e sented v a rious procedur a l problems in the past, are now dat able because of the knowl ed ge derived f rom an intensive dendrochronolog ic a l study of the geogr a phic a nd t empor a l unit s involved. These new data are transl a table into the finest of prehistoric t emporal controls. For example, the chr onological da t a from the v a rious quadr angle s, largely derived from short occup ancy sites with a loc a li zed geogr a phic distribution, pre s ent an une qu a l ed opportunity for s tudies o f cultur a l a ttribute s and ch ange . Ce r amic and archit e ctur a l deve lopment, settl emen t patterns, popul a tion moveme nt s , demogr a phi c e stima t es , and nume r ou s oth e r studies can be undertaken with a pr e cision previously impossible. The information derived by this project will be instrumental in any future synthesis of Southwestern arch aeology. ORGANIZATION OF RES EARCH At the beginning of this pro ject a proc edur a l de cision wa s made t o organize the materi al on an a re a l b a sis with th e a rch ae ol og i ca l sit e a s the b asic unit o f study and to gr oup t h e s it es into a rbitr a ry re g i on a l units which would a llow th orough intensive an a l ys e s . The s ites h ave b een studied individu a lly , and a s a group, by comparing a ll the si tes wi t h in a quadr ang l e . The qu adr ang l es , wh ich corr es pond to t h ose es t abli s he d by th e Survey s y s t em o f t he Arizon a St a t e Museum (Was l ey 1964 ), encompass 1 degree of longitude and 1 d egr ee of l a titude . Thi s grouping h a s a ll owed th e building o f fi rm r eg iona l t ree-r i ng chr onologi e s and h a s r es ulted i n incr eased und e r s t anding o f loc a l ring v a ri a ti on which i n turn h as per mi tt ed mor e d a ting of individu a l s pec i men s . - 2- PRESENTATION OF DATA Although the Laboratory's records include all archaeological sites from which tree-ring specimens havebeencollected, data are presented in this report only for sites with dated specimens. However, both dated and undated sites are shown in Fig. 1 and listed in the Table of Contents on page 111, The information avail able to the Laboratory on the dated sites is very uneven. In the past 40 years, many tree-ring specimens were collected for the primary purpose of chronology building and, as a consequence, the archaeological characteristics of the collection site were frequently recorded only in general terms. In some cases, the location of the site has been lost as a result of incomplete records or as a result of acceptance o f specimens for chronology purposes without the details of archaeological provenience. Some sites have been placed in quadrangles only by inference on the part of the present staff and may, in fact, belong to a different area entirely. Howe ver, eve r y effort has been made to obtain as much information as possible. In a limited number of cases, specimens for which records exist have not been identified in the collections. The problems thus created are not great, as these specimens are usually only a few of many from a site. If they were previously dated, however, they are n£! so considered in this report. Occasionally, the lost specimens represent the total collection from a site and, as a consequence, the site does not appe ar in the reports . No such instances occur in this area. To summarize the data presented, a chart has been prepared (Fig. 2) to represent the sequence of dated sites and structures. The components are ranked from late to early according to the latest outside dates only, and the charts are not intended to be used to chronologically position the listed sites. Temporal placement of sites must depend upon careful assessment of both archaeol og i cal and dendrochronological evidence. The following notes h e lp to expl a in the c a tegories used in the presentation of data: ~: The Laboratory has chosen, o f ten arbitrarily , what it believes to be the most common designation of a site. Alternate name and number: Many sites have been known by various names in the literature or in local u s age. Many sit e s a lso carry t wo or mor e institutional designations. In thi s category, an a ttempt h a s been made to list all such alternates that have been applied to the site. Location: Sites are located on a map (Fig. 1) a s well as by a brie f descriptive note. In some cases, th e Laboratory records give more precise locations, particularly f or r ec ently excavated sites, but for the purposes of this report the l ocation given wa s deemed suffici e nt. Some sites are presented with only approximate loc a tions . Description: Information ab out the site is taken from published r e ports and readily available knowledge. No exhaustive se a rch to obtain unpublished notes was made. -3- Source of collection: The individual and/or institution, and the date of collection are listed to enable readers to assess the provenience data. References: All known published sources for archaeological data pertaining to the site (Site Description) and the sources for previous publication of dates (Published Dates) from the site are given. Dates: The dates are presented in chronological sequence and by provenience subgroupings when known. Catalogue numbers are given for future reference and specific identification of the dated specimens. GP indicates a Gila Pueblo catalogue number, ! indicates a Museum of Norther;-Arizona catalogue number, and B£ indicates a Laboratory of Anthropology catalogue number. All other numbers were assigned by the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research. Every effort has been made during analysis to eliminate duplication of dates derived from the same piece of original wood. The identification of duplication has been done solely on ring characteristics except in cases where the provenience data specify duplication or for pieces that obviously fit together. The latter case is prevalent in large ruins that were sampled by more than one institution. In all cases of duplication, only one date appears in the list and the catalogue number is that of the best chronological piece. Comment: The comments are based on the tree-ring evidence. A more sophisticated interpretation of the dates is reserved for the archaeologist who is analyzing the site as a whole. EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS The symbols used with the inside date are: year no pith ring present p pith ring present fp the curvature of the inside ring indicates that it is far from the pith pith ring present, but due to the difficult nature of the ring series near the center of the specimen, an exact date cannot be assigned to it. The date is obtained by counting back from the earliest dated ring. + the innermost ring is not the pith ring and an absolute date cannot be assigned to it. A ring count is involved. The symbols used with the outside date are: B bark present G beetle galleries are present on the surface of the specimen L a characteristic surface patination and smoothness, which develops on beams stripped of bark, is present -4- c the outermost ring is continuous around the full circumference of the specimen. This symbol is used only if a full section is present r less than a full section is present, but the outermost ring is continuous around available circumference v a subjective judgment that, although there is no direct evidence of the true outside on the specimen, the date is within a very few years of being a cutting date vv there is no way of estimating how far the last ring is from the true outside + one or more rings may be missing near the end of the ring series whose presence or absence cannot be determined because the specimen does not extend far enough to provide an adequate check ++ - a ring count is necessary due to the fact that beyond a certain point the specimen could not be dated The symbols B, G, L, c and r indicate cutting dates in order of decre:tsing confidence, unless a + or ++ is also present. The symbols L, G, and B may be used in any combination with each other or with the other symbols except v and vv. The r and c symbols are mutually exclusive, but may be used with L, G, B, + and ++. The v and vv are also mutually exclusive and may be used with the + and ++. The + and ++ are mutually exclusive but may be used in combination with all the other symbols. -5- 11 " 30 31 11 27 20 16 N I 0 5 10 NEW MEXICO J 35• o o' L---~-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------J 1os•oo' 105• oo' Figure 1. Loc ation of Sites in New Mexico J -6- 1000 PAGE 41 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1900 1800 I SANTA FE AREA I I I 25 NAMBE 46 SAN MIGUE L VI L LAGE 26 PECOS II I I / 39 PUEBLO 33 PUEBLO LARGO 44 SAN CRISTOBAL 57 ARROYO HONDO 8 SHE I I I I CUNDIYO 30 PE NA NEGRA 15 LA 309 12 CHAMISA LO CITA 10 LA 76 20 LA 27 40 ROWE RUIN 24 MANZANARES 54 LOS ALAMOS 19 LAIO -1 II I --4II 111 I 1 II --+ • I_ 47 TECOLOTE RUIN 48 LA 74 2 56 LA 3333 61 MOCHO 14 FORK ED LI GHT NING Fi gur e 2. +•• II TESUQUE WILLIAMS I 31 I ---- ARROWHEAD so LAS MADRES 13 II I. I NEW MEXICO J Il l I Se quence of Chronolog ic a l Componen ts in New-Mexico J. Horizontal lines indicate range of outside dates. Narrow vert ic al lines indicate single outside dates. Wide v e rtic a l b ars indicate subst antial clusters of dates in relation to total r ange and number of d a t e s. -7- TREE-RING DATES FROM ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES Arrowhead MAP REFERENCE: J-1 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 251 LOCATION: Arrowhead is on Glorieta Arroyo, one-quarter mil e southeast of the Arrowhead Lodge , and two miles southeast of th e town of Glorieta on U.S. 85, Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: The excavated portion of the site consists of a t least 79 masonry rooms ar r anged in a qu adrangle enclosing a pl aza with a k iva. Surface indications suggest a similar enclos ed plaz a immediately to the west of the excavated portion. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were collected by W.C. Holden of Texas Technological College during his excavations between 1933 and 1937. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Holden 1955; Kidder 1958 Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubb s , and Bannister 1953; Sta llings 1937 DATES: Kiva RG-437- 5 RG-455-5 RG-430-1 RG-432- 1-4 RG-455-4 RG-453-2 RG-437-4 RG-433 - 2 RG-439 RG-446-2 RG-437-3 RG-455-3 RG-446-1 RG-445-1 RG-455- 6 RG-455-2 ~. 127lfp 1348fp 1319p 1320p 1345 f p 1354 f p 1312p 1317p 1322p 1340p 1372p 1373 1340p 1358p 1362 1338fp .. - 134l+vv 1372vv 1375v 1379+r 1385+vv 1387vv 1388r 1389+v 1389v 1389r 1389r 1390vv 1390v 1390v 1390v 1390r continued RG-455 - 1 RG-437-1 RG-431 RG-433-1 RG-455- 7 RG-449 RG-430-2 1345 fp 1359p 1365p 1365p 1368fp 137lp 1326 fp - 1390r 1390r 13 90r 1390r 1390r 1390r 139l+vv - 137 5r 1388vv 1389r 1390v 1390v 1390r 1390r Dump f rom Kiva RG-429- 5 RG-429-10 RG-429- 11 RG-429- 1 RG-4 29-6 RG-429-13 RG-429- 7 -8- 1325p 1353p 1334 fp 1314p 1366 f p 1312p 1359 fp Arrowhead, continued DATES: continued Room 26 NW part of Kiva RG•442-2 RG-442-1 1357p 1365p RG-710 - 1390r - 1390r 1333p - 1370v Room 36 Kiva Floor RG-786 RG-438-5 RG-438-4 RG-448-1 RG-438-8 RG-438-9 RG .. 448-2 RG-438-3 RG-438-7 RG-438-1 RG-438-6 1260fp 1332p 1336 1345p 1354fp 1364fp 1319p 1330 1332p 1334p - 1386+v 1388vv 1389v 1389+r 1389r 1390v 1390r 1390r 1390r 1390r 1329p 1334p 1367p - 1378+v - 1388vv - l390r 1328p 1319p 1314p - 1366+r - 1370v - 1370r Room 37 RG-784-2 RG-744 RG-783-1 RG-783-2 RG-783-4 RG-783-3 - 1370r - 1392+vv 1326p 1334p 1318p 136lfp - 1365vv 1370vv 137lr 1390r - 1379vv 1383vv 1385v 1388+r No Provenience RG-443-5 RG ... 443-l RG-443-6 RG-443-2 Room 9-A-8 RG-447-3 RG•447-l RG-452-1 1344p 1349 Room 42 Kiva I RG-435-3 RG-435-5 RG-435-1 1362 fp - 1388vv 1315p 1330p 1343p 1306p COMMENTS: A rather short span of occupation in the last third of the 14th century for the exc ava t ed east portion of this site, Th e earli es t cutting date s at 1370 prob ably r e pr esent the earliest phase of construction. Construction o f the kiva is cl early pl aced a t 1390. Proveniences l abeled Kiv a I and Kiva are pr obably the same unit. -9- LA 76 MAP REFERENCE: J-2 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: Arroyo Hondo Ruin No. II, Arroyo Hondo-Upper Ruin LOCATION: LA 76 is four miles southeast of Sant a Fe on Highway 84-85 about one-quarter mile east of the highway on a knoll on the north bank of Arroyo Hondo in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: This is a large pueblo of 50 to 60 masonry rooms arranged in a u-shaped plan approximately 175 by 200 feet with a possible kiva in the center of the plaza. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were obtained by W.S. Stallings Jr. for the Laboratory of Anthropology in 1933. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: No Provenience RG-499-23 RG-499-44 RG-499-60 RG-499-43 RG-499-28 RG-499-46 RG-499-32 RG-499-40 RG-499-21 RG-499-51 RG-499-42 RG-499-62 RG-499-67 RG-499-7-1 RG-499-64 RG-499-37 RG-499-1 RG-499-22 109lfp 1138p 118lfp 1145fp 115lp 1206p 1212fp 1226fp 1224p 1207fp 1228fp 1228p 1243p 1258p 1259p 1218fp 1206 fp 1214p - 1196vv 1237vv 1243vv 1250vv 1262r 1269vv 127lvv 1279vv 1280+vv 128lvv 1286+vv 1287vv 1287vv 1287vv 1289r 1290vv 1292++vv 1294r -10- RG-502-1 RG-499-13 RG-499-50 RG-499-66 RG-499-7-2 RG-499-55 RG-499-52 RG-499-31 RG-499-69 RG-499-65 RG-499-30 RG-499-14 RG-499-12 RG-499-8 RG-499-16 RG-499-4 RG-499-2 RG-499-41 1236p 1247fp 1224fp 1268 1264p 1267p 123lfp 1222 f p 1204fp 1255 123lp 1274fp 1243 f p 1216p 1238 fp 1208fp 1253p 1267p - 1296vv 1299vv 1301vv 1301r 1302vv 1303+rB 1305vv 1306+vv 1306vv 1306r 1306++B 1309vv 13llv 13llr 13llrB 1312 vv 1312r 1312r lA 76, continued DATES: continued No Provenience, continued RG-499-49 RG-499-39 RG-499-68 RG-499-11 1278p 1284p 125 7 f p 1225p - 1312r 1312r 1313vv 1313r RG-499-53 RG-499-10 RG-499-57 RG-499-35 1266fp 1234fp 1274fp 1290f p - COMMENTS: These dates suggest occupation between the mid-1200's and about 1330. Further interpretation is not possible with the limited data available. - ll - 1314vv 1318vv 13 23r 1328vv Chamisa Locita MAP REFERENCE: J-3 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 4 LOCATION: Chamisa Locita is on the Arroyo Chamisal about eight miles southest of Santa Fe and one-half mile west of Highway 285 in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: This is a small pueblo. No other description is available. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Samples were collected by W.S. Stallings Jr. for the Laboratory of Anthropology in 1933. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: No Provenience RG-509-4 RG-508-4 RG-509-1 RG-508-7 1244fp 1280p 1266 1280fp - 1270vv 1312vv 1313r 132lr RG-508-9 RG-508-6 RG-509-2 RG-508-8 1286p 1298p 1295 fp 1287 COMMENTS: These dates suggest occupation in the early 14th century. -12- - 132lr 132lr l328+vv 1333++vv Cundiyo MAP REFERENCE : J- 5 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 31, Kundiyo, Hundiyo ouinge LOCATION: Cundiyo is on a mesa immediately west of the Rio Frijoles and northwest of the village of Cundiyo in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: This is a medium-sized adobe pueblo. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were collected in 1933 by W.S. Stallings Jr. of the Laboratory of Anthropology. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Ellis 1964; Harrington 1916; Mer a 1934 Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: No Provenience RG-506-3 RG.. 506-4 1298fp - 1334vv 12 72 fp .. 1336vv RG-506-1 RG-506-2 130lp - 133 7v 1265 fp - 1343r COMMENTS: A sing l e cutting date f r om a poorly document ed s ample d oe s not a llow interpre t a tion of the chronolog i ca l par ame t er s of this s ite . - 13 - Forked Lightning MAP REFERENCE: ALTERNATE J-6 N~/NUMBER: LA 672, Bandelier Bend LOCATION: Forked Lightning is on the west bank of Glorieta Creek about one-half mile below Pecos Ruin on the Forked Lightning Ranch in San Miguel County, New Mexico. · DESCRIPTION: This is a large adobe pueblo with at least two periods of occupation. The layout of the site is unclear, but it appears to consist of rambling room aggregates surrounding small plazas. Excavations were undertaken in the East Pueblo in the 1920's. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: w.s. Stallings Jr. of the Laboratory of Anthropology collected tree-ring samples from the site in 1931. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Bandelier 1881: 94-99; Kidder 1926a, 1958 Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953 DATES: No Provenience RG-325-20 RG-325-3 RG-325-17 RG-325-19 996fp lOllp 996p 1040fp - RG-325-1 RG-325-12 RG-325-11 RG-325-10 1040vv 1056vv 1089vv 1103++vv 904p 1039fp 1046p 996fp - 1113+vv 1118+vv 1121+v 1148+vv COMMENTS: The few dates and the lack of provenience limit the interpretation of the placement of Forked Lightning. -14- LA 309 MAP REFERENCE: J-7 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: Galiste o LOCATION: Th i s site is on the south bank of San Cristobal Arroyo about f i ve mi les south of the Lamy Highway overpass in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: LA 309 is a pueblo of six or more separate r oom 'clusters, SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Coll ections wer e made by W.S. Sta llings Jr. of the Labor atory of Anthropology in 1931 and 1933. REFERENCES: Site Descr iption: Published Da t es : None Smiley 1951; Smiley , Stubbs, and Bann ister 1953; Stallings 193 7 DATES : Room 1, continued Room 1 RG-263-52 RG~263·57 RG- 263 -53 RG-263-61 RG-263-58 RG-263-67 RG-531-10 RG- 263-7 2 RG- 263-63 RG-263-55 RG-263-62 RG- 263-18 RG .. 263 - 50 RG-263 -6 6 R.G-263-80 RG- 263-79 RG-263-54 RG .. 26 3-1 RG-531-8 RG-531-13 RG-263-64 RG-531-2 RG .. 263-68 117 lfp 1154p 1127p 1155 1159 f p 1214p 1223p 1194p 1224p 1174fp 1232fp 1237fp 1207 fp 12llp 1195p 12Q9p 1198 fp 1208 f p 1239 1242 f p 1186fp 12 28p 1196fp ~ • .. .. ... .. .. 1235vv 124lvv 1244++vv 125l+r 1253+r 1259v 126lvv 1264vv 1264r 1268vv 1268vv 1269r 1269r 1269r 1269r 1274++vv 1275v 1277+r 1277r 1277r 1282++vv 1285++v 1285r -15- RG-263-59 RG-263-20 RG-263-75 RG-263-1 RG-5 31- 5 RG·531 - 9 RG- 531·3 RG-531-1 2 RG-531-7 RG·263 - 65 RG-531-11 RG- 263 - 46 RG-263-44 RG-263-71 RG- 263-69 RG- 263 -14 RG- 263-12 RG- 263- 2 RG-263-70 RG-531-4 RG-263-60 RG- 263 - 51 R~- 263 -7 8 1246 118lp 1252p 1069p 1237fp 1272 1245 1263p ll05p 1222p 1257fp 1264p 1263 1290fp 1272 1257p 12l5p 1267p 1273 1267p 1263 1200fp 1249 fp ... • ... - 1286v 1287r 1289v 1290r 1292r 1292r 1293r 1293r 1295vv 1295+v 1295v 1299r 1300v l306v 1306r 1306c 1307r 1308r 1308r 1310rB 13llr 1312r 1312r LA 309, continued DATES: continued Room 2, continued Room 1 or Room 2 RG-532-22 RG-532-33 RG-532-13 RG-532-24 RG-532-26 RG-532-7 RG-532-15 RG-532-25 RG-532-21 RG-532-3 RG-532-23 RG-532-31 RG-532-32 RG-532-8 RG-532-42 RG-532-14 RG-532-30 RG-532-12 RG-532-41 RG-532-28 RG-532-38 RG-532-39 RG-532-40 RG-532-37 RG-532-35 RG-532-34 RG-532-36 RG-532-27 RG-532-29 RG-532-4 1159tp 1155fp 1211 1168p 1219fp 1206p 1250fp 1191 1230p 1226p 1202fp 1240fp 1228p ll98p 1235p 1257fp 1249 fp 1190fp 1242p 1261p 1245p 1246p 1203 fp 1251 1265 1261p 1262p 1276fp 1282 f p 128lfp - 1222vv 1227++vv 1239vv 1245vv 1265vv 1270-1-+vv 1274vv 1274vv 1277vv 1277v 1277v 1277r 1277r 1283r 1287r 1288-tvv 1289r 1290v 1290v 1290r 1290r 1290r 1290r 1291-tv 1298vv 1299r 1300v 1306r 1308r 1321v 107lfp ll28fp 1178fp 1152fp 1197 fp 108lfp 1168fp 1241 ll33fp 1233p 1244fp 1125fp 1239fp - ll83vv 1211vv 1221vv 1231vv 1239vv 1241++vv 1258+-tvv 1265vv 1267++vv 1270vv 1270vv 1273+vv 1275vv RG-533-36 RG-533-51 RG .. 533-22 RG-533-23 RG .. 533•34 RG-533-35 RG-533-1 RG-533-17 RG-533-32 RG-533-5 RG-533-31 RG .. 533-25 RG-533·26 RG-533-29 RG-533-11 RG-533-24 RG-533-27 RG-533-28 RG-533-52 RG-533-33 RG-533-30 RG-533-16 RG-533-19 RG-533-20 RG-533-21 RG-533-43 RG-533-46 RG-533-44 RG-533-45 RG-533-38 RG-533-39 RG-533-40 RG-533-41 RG-533-42 Room 2 RG-533-2 RG-533-53 RG-533-7 RG-533-54 RG-533-47 RG-533-6 RG-533-55 RG-533-18 RG-533-57 RG-533 RG-533-49 RG-533-56 RG-533-3 1240fp 1235 1245fp 1232fp 1228fp 1233fp 1230fp 1245p 1230 1204;fp 1252p 125lp 1253fp 1246p 1250 1229 1250p 1264 1246fp 1247 1219 1242 126lfp 1249p 1276 fp 1257p 1244fp 1253 1234fp 1267p 1243 f p 1253p 127 4fp 1273 f p ... .. ... - 1275vv 1277vv 1277r L277r 1279vv 1281vv 1283vv 1283vv 1284vv 1285vv 1288+r 1290vv l290vv 1290v 1290r 1290r 1290r 1290r 1291+r 1292vv 1293vv 1293vv 1293v 1293r 1293r 1293r 1295+v 1296vv 1296vv 1296v 1296v 1296r 1296r 1296r 1095fp 1152 f p 1166 fp ll62p 1197p ll80fp 1228 1228fp 1179fp .. 1191vv 1210vv 1223vv 1253vv 1256vv 1259vv 1264r 1265+r 1266vv Room 3 RG-533-69 RG-518-79 RG-518-66 RG-518-81 RG-518-77 RG-518-70 RG-518-85 RG-518-44 RG-518-82 -16- LA 309, continued DATES: continued Room 4, continued Room 3, continued RG-518-62 RG-518-3 RG-518-83 RG-518-55 RG-518-45 RG-522 RG-518-18 RG-518-60 RG-518-49 RG-518-58 RG-518-84 RG-518-57 RG-518-71 RG-518-5 RG-518-80 RG-518-63 RG-518-20 RG-518-86 RG-518-87 RG-518-88 RG-518-89 RG-518-15 RG-518-36 RG-518-47 RG-521 RG-518-74 RG-518-37 RG-518-41 RG-518-42 RG-518-51 RG-518-78 RG-518-50 RG-518-40 RG-518-2 RG-518-48 RG-518-38 RG-·518-46 RG-518-75 1242p 1180p 1239 1196p 1197p 1199p 1235 1225p 1229p 1237p 1244 1223fp 1210p 1167fp 1173fp 1229fp 124lfp i207fp 1159p 1180 1222 1238p 1208fp 1249p 1121±p 1220p 1244p 1265p 1230p 1260p 1275p 116 7fp 1277 1194p 1283p 1270p 1273p 1272p .. .. .. .. .. - 1271r 127lr 127lr 1273-+v 1276r 1276-tc 1277vv 1278-+v 1278r 1279+r 1283v 1284r 1285+vv l285r 1285r 1287v 1287+r 1287r 1287r 1287r 1287r 1292r 1293r 1293r 1294+c 1296v 1296r 1296r 1296r 1296r 1296r 1297r 1306v l306r l308r 1310r 1320r 1330rB 1123 fp 1114p 1129p 1173p 1196p 1226p 1213fp 12llfp - 1237vv 1257vv 1259++vv 1267vv 1267vv 1268r 1268r 127lr RG-,523-8 RG-523-18 RG-523-22 RG-523-24 RG-523-28 RG-523-29 RG-530-2 RG-530-1 RG-523-7 RG-523-6 RG-52.3-1 RG-524 RG-523-21 RG-523-20 RG-523-26 RG-523-23 RG-523-9 RG-523-2 RG-523-17 RG-527 RG-523-19 RG-523-35 RG-523-25 127lr 1271r 127lr 127lr 1271r 127lr 127lr 1271c 1278+r 1279-1-tvv 1279+r 1280-+vv 1280r l282r 1282r 1284r 1284r 1294+r 1295vv 1295r 1296r 1320vv l326r Room 101 RG-516-35 RG-516-17 RG-516-28 RG-516-34 RG-516-14 RG-516-16 RG-516-9 RG-516-6 RG-516-5 RG-516-11 RG-516-13 RG-516-29 RG-516-19 RG-516-3 RG-516-7 RG-516-8 RG-516-27 RG-516-26 RG-51.6-24 RG-516-32 RG-516-2 RG-516-21 RG-516-22 Room 4 RG-523-33 RG-525 RG-523-34 RG-523-31 RG-523-32 RG-5:n-11 RG-523-16 RG-523-4 ll72p 1168p 1250;fp 12.32 fp 1240p 1236p 1235fp l169p 1202 fp. ll.55p 124lfp 125Qfp .. 1265p - 122.5p 1190p 1197p 1240p 1209fp 1223p 1242 1232p 1234fp ll82p -17- 117lfp 1265p 1265p 1261 1255±p 1267p 1261p 1276p 1275p 1269p 1290p 1270p 1274p 1281p 1260p 1306 f p 1298p 1291p 1292p 1277 fp 1268p 1308p 1298p 1279++vv 1306r 1306r l306r l31 2r 1312rB 1318r 1318c 13 21vv 1324v 1324r 1324r 1324r 1325vv 1326r 1327r 1330r 1330c 1330rB l330rB - 13 30cB - 1331c - 1332r - LA 309, continued DATES: continued North Trench Room 3 or Room 101 RG-517-8 RG-517-7 RG-517-26 RG-517-3 RG-517-6 RG-517-16 RG-517-34 RG-517-24 RG-517-33 RG-517-9 RG-517-23 RG-517- 20 RG-517-14 RG-517-11 RG-517-15 RG-517-21 RG-517- 2 RG-517- 25 RG-517-30 RG-517-27 RG-517-l RG-517-10 RG-5 17- 22 RG-517-29 RG-517-5 RG-517-17 RG-517-4 RG-517-19 123lp 1228 1234p 1203fp 1233p 123 7fp 1230 1225p 1196 fp 1234fp 1223fp 1247p 1239fp 126lp 1238fp 125lfp 116lfp l269p l266p 1244p l278p 1280p 1266p 1259 127lp 1243p 1284fp 1274p - RG-535-3 RG-535-11 RG-534-8 RG-534-9 RG-534-7 RG-534-10 RG-535-2 RG-535-4 RG-535-7 RG-535-5 RG-535-1 1264r 1268vv 127lv 127lr 127lr 127lr 1272r 1276r 1277r 1279r 1283vv 1285r 1286+r 1287vv 1287v 1293+r 1294+r 12 96+r 1296r 1297+v l306r l306r l306r 1306r 132lvv 1330r l330rB l333r 1125 fp 1175fp 1180fp 1198fp 119lfp l211fp 1237 fp 1229 fp 122 2fp 1196 fp 1268 f p - 1189+vv 1210vv 1237vv 1240vv 1253vv l 26lvv 1264r 1273vv l273vv 1285vv 1311r COMMENTS: The da t e s pl ace occup a tion of the s ite t o r ange f rom t he 126 0' s to the mid 1300' s . The numerous specimens are al l small charcoal fr a~1ent s and may not entirely rep r e s ent construction mat eri a l . The numer ou s clus t e rs o f cutting da t e s in most of the pr oveniences sugges t conside r able pr ehi s tor i c mixing of ma t e ria l e ithe r thr ough u se as refu s e ar ea or f rom coll a pse of upper stories . They do not necessar i ly indi cat e s ucc essive r ec ons truc tions or modi f i cati ons . - 18- LA 10 MAP REFERENCE: J-8 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: None known LOCATION: LA 10 is one-half mile southwest of Lamy on the east bank of the Galisteo Creek in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: This site is a small pueblo. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were collected by W.S. Stallings Jr. for the Laboratory of Anthropology in 1933. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: Fr ank 1 s Room RG-621-7 RG-621-1 RG-621-2 1200fp - 124lvv 1194p - 1250vv 124lfp - 1260vv RG-621-8 RG-621-5 RG-621-6 1202fp - 1264vv 1245 fp - 1266vv 1239fp - 1275vv COMMENTS: Occup a tion is s ugge st ed in the midd l e t o l a t e 13th century . - 19- LA 27 MAP REFERENCE: J-9 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: None known LOCATION: LA 27 is one mile southwest of Lamy on a knoll on the s outh side of the Lamy•Encino highway in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: This site is a small pueblo. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Sampl es were collected by W.S. Stal lings Jr. i n 1931 and 1933 for the Laboratory of Anthropology. REFERENCES: Site Descript ion : Published Dates: None Smiley 1951; Smiley , Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: Room a t NE End RG-260-1 SE Side , continue d 1249 f p - 1300r RG-262-37 RG-262-20 RG-262-7 RG-262-6 RG-262-3 RG- 262-4 RG- 262-1 RG- 262 -5 RG-262-38 RG-26 2- 13 RG-26 2- 18 SE Side RG-26 2-19 RG- 262- 21 RG- 262-30 RG-26 2-31 RG-262-36 RG- 262- 32 RG- 262-34 RG-26 2- 22 RG-26 2- 24 RG- 262-9 RG-26 2-23 RG-262-46 RG-262-16 RG-262-17 RG- 262- 2 RG- 262- 26 RG- 262-15 RG-262-8 - 1193vv 120lvv 1160 1165 fp 1169 f p 116lfp 1173fp 1176p 1163p 1176fp 1180p 117l f p 1229p 1150± fp 1252fp 1268fp 1268p 1240 f p 1259 f p 1275 - 1206vv 1216vv 1216vv 122 5vv 122 7+vv 123 2vv 1242vv 1261-tvv 1262+r 128H+vv 1293r 1294r 1294r 1297v 1297r 1297r 1223 1259fp 1240p 1249 f p 126lp 1265 1267p 1271 1220 fp 1230 f p 123lfp - 1298vv - 12 98v - 1298r - 1298 r 129 8r - 1298r - 1298r 1298r - 1299vv - 1309vv - 13 llvv - - Cent er Gr oup of Rooms RG- 26 1-15 RG- 261- 22 RG- 261-21 RG- 261- 23 RG- 26 1- 25 RG- 26 1-96 RG- 261- 20 RG-261-44 - 20- 1022 103lfp llllp 1121 1136 1152 f p 116 lfp 1134fp - 1123vv - 1154vv 117lvv - 11 7lvv 117lvv - 1186-tvv - 1200r - 1201vv - - LA 27, continued DATES: continued Center Group of Rooms, continued RG-261-34 RG-261-24 RG-261-11 RG-261-13 RG-261-14 RG-261-43 RG-261-45 RG-261-68 RG-261-67 RG-261-63 RG-261-74 RG-261-50 RG-261-66 RG-261-79 RG-261-61 RG-261-16 RG-261-26 RG-261-80 RG-261-18 RG-261-69 RG-261-81 RG-261-46 RG-261-48 RG-261-17 RG-261-82 RG-261-70 RG-261-1 RG-261-73 RG-261-7 RG-261-9 RG-261-71 RG-261-93 RG-261-65 RG-261-42 RG-261-75 RG-261-64 RG-261-77 RG-261-52 RG-261-47 RG-261-76 RG-261-10 RG-261-51 RG-261-78 RG-261-2 RG-261-83 RG-261-4 RG-261-89 1129 1164 1162fp 1187fp 1212p 1202fp 1222p 1216fp 1213p 1209p 1240fp 1238p 1211fp 1222fp 1218 1244 1224fp 1200fp 1226fp 1202 fp 1234fp 1231p 120lfp 1222fp 1229p 1185 fp 1149 1233 fp 1212p 1128fp 1187fp 1215fp 1219fp 1232fp 1243fp 1243 fp 1255 fp 1259fp 1265 fp 1215fp 1237fp 1236p 1239fp 1190fp 1228fp 1230fp 1219fp - 1230vv 1232vv 1241vv 1247vv 1252vv 1260vv 1261v 1261r 1262vv 1267vv 1268vv 1269r 1270vv 1270vv 1271vv 127lr 1272+vv 1272vv 1272vv 1276vv 1277vv 1279vv 1281-Hvv 1283vv 1283vv 1285vv 1286+vv 1286vv 1286+r 1287-t+vv 1287vv 1287vv 1287vv 1287vv 1289+r 1290vv 1290vv 1290vv 1290vv 1290v 1290+r 1290r 1291vv 1291-l+v 1292vv 1292vv 1293vv -21- Center Group of Rooms, continued RG-261-41 RG-261-29 RG-261-86 RG-261-90 RG-261-88 RG-261-87 RG-261-37 RG-261-92 RG-261-38 RG-261-91 RG-261-84 RG-261-53 RG-261-35 RG-261-72 RG-261-12 RG-261-39 RG-261-85 RG-261-30 RG-261-36 RG-261-31 RG-261-27 RG-261-40 RG-261-29 RG-261-33 RG-261-32 RG-261-28 RG-261-59 RG-261-55 RG-261-60 RG-261-56 RG-261-54 RG-261-57 RG-261-100 RG-261-19 RG-261-58 1229p 1267p 1207±p 1260 1269p 1249p 1236p 1246fp 1257p 1267p 1266 1268 fp 1250fp 1239 fp 1243p 1252fp 1259p 1231p 1239fp 1242fp 1245p 126lfp 1262 1267p 1268 1279 1244fp 1266fp 1230fp 1240p 1244fp 1244 1272p 1235 1237p - 1293vv 1293vv 1293v 1293r 1293r 1294vv 1294r 1294r 1294r 1294r 1295vv 1295vv 1296vv 1296v 1296v 1296v 1296v 1296r 1296r 1296r 1296r 1296r 1296r 1296r 1296r 1296r 1297vv 1299v 1300vv 1301vv 1301vv 1301vv 1302v 1305vv 1307vv 1117fp 1106fp 1155p 1142fp 1154p 1158p 1193p 1178fp 1164p - 1181r 1195r 1209+vv 1214vv l228vv 1230vv 1230vv 1230v 1232vv Room 8 RG-513-44 RG-513-46 RG-513-49 RG-513-48 RG-513-42 RG-513-57 RG-513-59 RG-513-82 RG-513-85 LA 27, continued DATES: continued Room 8, continued Room 8, continued RG-513-88 RG•SU-77 RG--513·89 RG.. 513-81 RG•Sl3-4l RG-513-86 RG-513•87 RG-513-45 RG-513·83 RG•513•91 RG•513•4 RG•513-6 RG-513-26 RG•513•29 RG-513-20 RG-513·17 RG-513-2 RG·513-3 RG-513-58 RG-513-92 RG-5 13-62 RG-513-90 RG-513-14 RG-513-84 RG-513-2 RG-513-18 RG-513-33 RG-513-65 RG-513-60 RG-513-8 RG-513•51 RG•513•9 RG-513-10 RG-513-73 RG-513-1 R.G-513-16 RG-513-78 RG-513 ... 39 RG-513-79 RG-513-38 RG-513-40 RG-513-75 RG-513-68 RG-513 .. 55 RG-513-56 RG-513•61 RG-513-10 .. .. 115~ 1149fp .. 1209p • 1161 ll7Up .. 1185 1178fp .. 1208p .. 1211p .. 12Z2p .. 1224p 1229p .. 1230p .. .. 1230 1235p .. 1253 1210fp .. 1150±p 1153±p .. 1192p 1201p 1203p 1211 • 1185p 1204p .. 1242fp .. 1240 1229 1240p .. 1260p .. 1226p .. 1244p .. 1253fp ... 126lfp .. 1268p 1191 .. 1243 124lp .. 1236p 126lp .. 1226 1237±p .. 1239fp .. 1241p 1168 1164 1124p .. - l233vv 1236vv 1244vv 1247vv 1255vv 1260r 1262vv 1262vv 1264+r 1265vv 1266+r l267r 1267r 1267r 1267r 1267r 1267r 1267r 1267r 1268vv 1270r 1270r 1270r 1270r 1270r 1270r 1270r 1274vv 1284vv 1289r 1292vv 1293r 1293r 1294+krv 1294r 1294r 1294r 1294r 1295vv 1297r 1298vv 1298vv 1298v 1298r 1298r 1298r 1298r -22- IW-5~3 ... 5 RG-51~·37 l.~Qlp 1264fp 1274fp RG•Sl3•80 RG•Sl3•30 1247 RG•5~3-28 1Z?Pp RG•5l3-.63 RG... 513-72 RG•513 .. H ll70p RG-51~·52 RG•513 .. 47 RG,.513-50 RG•513 .. 53 RG-513-71 U96 1274 1228 1242fp 1224p 1209fp 1243p .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1298r 1298r 1298r 1299r 1299r 1300vv 1300vv 1306r 1308vv 13llv 13llrB 1312rB 1313v .. .. .. .. - 1228vv 1266vv 1269vv 1270vv 1271r 1274r 1281+vv 1281vv 1283vv 1287+r 1289+vv 1289vv 1292vv 1292r 1292c 1293vv 1294r 1296r 1296r 1298vv 1298vv 1299r 1302vv 1302v 1308vv 1310rB 1311v 1312v Rooms 4, 5, or 6 RG-514-19 RG·51.3-l RG•514•12 RG.,.514-15 RG•5l4-1 RG-515-9 RG•515·4 RG-515•7 RG-514-18 RG-514-14 RG-514-6 RG•514-2 RG-514-20 RG•514-5 RG .. 514-3 RG•515-5 RG.,5l4·9 RG .. 5l4-17 R.G~514-7 RG·514•16 RG-515-6 RG-514•11 R.G-514-8 RG•5L4-10 RG-515•10 RG .. 515·3 RG-515•4 RG-515 .. 2 1184fp l208p 1244fp 1154p 1237p tn8£p 1209 1234fp 1217 1239fp 1254p 1203 fp 1229fp 1255 1254p 1247p l250fp 1262fp 127Qp l209fp 1219fp 1253 fp 1252p 1249fp 1253 fp 1228p 1232 1256 -- .. - LA 27, continued COMMENTS: These tree-ring samples are all small charcoal fragments and may not necessarily represent construction materials. The dates indicate occupation spanning just over a century between the late 12th and early 14th centuries. Clusters of cutting dates in the middle and late 1290's from the Center Group of Rooms and from the southeast side may represent construction activity. Room 8 has clusters of cutting dates at 1267, 1270, 1294, and 1298-99. Assuming these samples represent construction, it might be suggested that Room 8 was constructed in the early 14th century with materials borrowed from abandoned rooms. Other single cutting dates are scattered through the entire range of the site's occupation. These interpretations must be considered rather tenuous since the samples are small fragments of unknown function and the proveniences are imprecise. -23- Manzanares MAP REFERENCE: J-10 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 1104 LOCATION: This site is on the north bank of Galisteo Creek about one and one-half miles east of the Lamy railroad station, Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Manzanares is a small pueblo. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were collected by W.S. Stallings Jr. for the Laboratory of Anthropology in 1933. REFERENCES : Site Description: Published Dates: None Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: Lower Room, continued Upper Room RG-512-1 RG-512-3 1136fp - 1188vv 1156p - 1196vv RG-510-20 RG-510-2 RG-510-11 RG-510-13 RG-510-9 RG-510-12 RG-510-6 RG-510-5 RG-510-15 RG-510-18 RG-510-7 Lower Room RG-510-21 RG-510-19 RG-510-16 RG-510-17 RG-510-10 RG-510-4 1120 1236p 1243 1244 1204fp 1225p - 1233++vv 1276vv 1277vv 1277vv 1278+v 1278r 1117 1230p 1244 1250 1251 1252 1260p 1270p 1275 1227p 1248±p - 128lvv 1295r 1295r 1295r 1295r 1295r 1295r 1295r 1295r 130lvv l30lr COMMENTS: The Upper Room may date to about the beginning of the 13th century, while the Lower Room reveals a good cluster of cutting dates at 1295 suggesting construction in that year with repairs a few years later. -24- Nambe MAP REFERENCE : J -11 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 17, San Francisco de Nambe LOCATION: Nambe Pueblo is on the north bank of the Nambe River 16 miles north of Santa Fe in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Nambe is a small Tewa pueblo founded about 1350 and occupied continuously since then. It presently consists of several house clusters surrounding a plaza with a single kiva to one side of the plaza. A church is located at the southwest edge of the pueblo, but is not the original church constructed in 1725. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were collected by the First Beam Expedition in 1923. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Adams and Chavez 1956; Harrington 1916; Ellis 1964; Kubler 1940; Stubbs 1950 Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: Kiva BE-79 Mission 1610p - 1850v BE-76 BE-78 BE-80 1433 1431 1615p - 1535vv - 1712+vv - 185o+v COMMENTS: A single date from the kiva is an inadequate sample, but s uggests either construction or repair o f that structure in the last half of the 19th century. The two earlier dates from the mission wer e collected from the 18th century beams now in the Cassidy Hous e in Santa Fe. The third and later date of 1850 was apparently collected from the existing church at Nambe. -25- Pecos MAP REFERENCE: J-12 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 625, Pecos Mission, Lost Church, Nuestra Senora de los Angeles de Porcinucula LOCATION: Pecos Pueblo is on a low mesa on the east side of Glorieta Arroyo about one mile above its junction with the Pecos River and about 20 miles southeast of Santa Fe in San Miguel County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: The site consists of three main clusters of architecture constructed on a long low mesa and enclosed by a low stone wall. The largest of these units is the Quadrangle consisting of a four-sided multistoried masonry pueblo constructed around a large courtyard and is the northernmost of the three units. South of this is a rectangular multistoried cluster of masonry rooms called the South Pueblo and farther to the south is the mission, convent and chapel. The remains of earlier architecture were located beneath some of the refuse areas. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: A.V. Kidder made the earliest collections of tree-ring samples during his excavations in the 1920's. In 1940 Marjorie Lambert and Deric O'Brian obtained samples for Gila Pueblo, and in 1956 Stanley Stubbs collected samples for the Laboratory of Anthropology. REFERENCES: Site Description: Bandelier 1881; Hewett 1904; Kidder 1916, 1917, 1924, 1925, 1926b, 1958; Stubbs, Ellis, and Dittert 1957 Published Dates: Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1933, 1937 DATES: Room 5 RG-2592 RG-2591 Room 26 139lfp - 1427vv 1408p - 1468vv KL-14 KL-13 KL-5 1373p 1392p 1426p - 1434rL - 1434c - 1589vv 1377p 1379p - 1434c - 1434c Room 7 Room 30 RG-2588 RG-2574 RG-2575 RG-2585 1416p 1439p 1414p 1489p - 1476vv 1487+vv 1488vv 1613vv KL-12 KL-10 -26- Pecos, continued ~: continued Room C-C78 Room 52 GP-2399 1608p RG-101 KL-25/10 - 1673vv 1374p 1380p - 1443v - 1444c 1403p - 1496-l+r 1327p 1351 1367p 1355 1365p 1381p 1403p 1427p 1435p 1441p 147lp 1443p 1448p 1454p 146 0p 1436p - 1367vv 1401vv 1401vv 1408vv 1485+tv 1490-l+c 1495+v 1495-t-cL 1501v 1501v 1501r 1501rL 1501c 1501c 1501c 1515c 1404p 1397 14llp 1420p 1408p 1400p - 1443r 1444v ll+44v 1444v 1444r 1444c 13 26p 1578p - 1354c - 1634vv 1357p 1356p 1282 1390p 1439p 1486p - Room 102 Room E-10 KL-25/5 KL-25/4 1349p 1352p - 1433c - 1434c KL-21/1 Room E-ll Room 106-107 KL-25/1 KL-25/2 1412p 1403p - 1443c - 1444cL 1393p 1413p - 1434c - 1440c 1374p 1362p - 1433r - 1433c 1392p 1411p 1328p 1393p - KL-29/15 KL-29/18 KL-29/19 KL-29/16 KL-29/8 KL-29/5 KL-29/17 KL-29/7 KL-29/12 KL-29/14 KL-29/13 KL-29/2 KL-29/10 KL-29/3 KL-29/4 KL-29/6 Room C-C8A RG-86 RG-91 Room c-ell RG-82 RG-83 Room C-C22 RG- 100 RG-75 RG-99 RG-102 1444r 1444r 1444c 1448cL Room K-107 RG-105 RG-72 RG-70 RG-71 RG-73 RG-74 Room C-C23 KL-25/6 1390p - 1434c 1379p - 1435r Room C•C7 KL•25/8 Room 37-0 KL-25/13 KL-25/12 Room C•C29 KL-25/7 1389p - 1435r Connie 1 s Room Room C-C34 RG-103 1367p - 1447v 1397p - 1447r DL-26 DL-2 1 DL-25 DL-20 DL-24 DL-23 Room C•C28 RG-89 -27- 1 44 8 · ~--: ',' 1485+tv 1486vv 1494v 1513r 1513 c Pecos, continued DATES: continued Mid-ruin N of Connie's Room DL-31 DL-28 DL-29 DL-30 DL-32 1449p 1455p 1462p 1466p 1449p -- DL-14 DL-16 DL-13 DL-12 1510+v 1511v 1514v 1514v 1514v 1380p 1390p 1354p 1393p - 1435r 1435r 1438+v 1439r Balcony Kiva RG-2571 1402p - KL-25/15 1370p 1558vv 1333p 1310p 1317p 1552vv 1354vv 1358c 1587-H-vv Guardhouse East Side RG-117 KL-25/3 DL-19 DL-18 1513c 1486p West Side DL-2 KL-25/27 RG-112 KL-25/26 1311p 1390p 1405p 1458p - N of Mission 1348c 1434v 1434r 1501vv RG-80 RG-81 RG-76 RG-90 - 1415+t-v 1420v 1427rL 1434r 1279p 132lp 1342 fp 1358p 1309p 1410p 1389p 1301p 1435p 1358p 1439 f p 1353p 1434p 1466fp 1488p 1358p 1538p 1522p 1532p 1378vv 1393vv 1453vv 1458vv 1468vv 1492vv 1511vv 1513vv 1520vv 1533vv 1536vv 1539+vv 1543vv 1543vv 1543vv 1554vv 1607vv 1610vv 163 .5 v 1378p 1379p 1382p 1380p SW Corner RG-111 RG-381 1244p 1237p - Mission 1299r 1299c GP-2392 GP-2394 PEC-2 GP-2395 KL-6 GP-2397 GP-2391 KL-8 GP-2389 KL-25/16 RG-46 KL-25/19 KL-7 GP-2645 GP-2393 KL-25/18 GP-2396 GP-2390 RG-323 NW Corner DL-39 1321p 1348r North Side RG-388 RG-2578 RG-2577 RG-2576 DL-3 RG-382 DL-4 1388p 1371p 1446p 1481p 1506p 1584p 1584p 1434c 1459v 1512c 1513r 1558v 1669vv 1678vv - - Main Quadrangle DL-36 1568p - 1612v -28- Pecos, continued DATES: continued Mission, continued KL-25/17 KL-25/23 KL-25/25 KL-25/21 KL-25/24 KL-25/20 KL-25/22 1548p 1572p 1607p 1547p 153lp 1499p 1583p - 1649vv 1649vv 1653vv 1657vv 1679vv 1690vv 1695vv No Provenience RG-77 1388p - 1427r COMMENTS: The tree-ring dates cover a period from about 1300 to 1700. The historical occupation of Pecos lasted until 1838 when it was permanently abandoned. The only good clusters of cutting dates suggesting construction are from Room c-ell at 1433, Room 30 at 1434, Room C-C22 at 1444, Room E-ll at 1501, and Connie's Room at 1513. The disparity in cutting dates in some of the proveniences suggests either considerable mixing of deposits or the reuse of timbers in later rooms. The absence of cutting dates from the mission is probably due to the trimming and shaping of the beams used in its construction. -29- Pena Negra MAP REFERENCE: J-13 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: IA 235 LOCATION: The site is eight miles southeast of Santa Fe and one-quarter mile south of Canada de los Alamos road in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Pena Negra is a small pueblo. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were obtained by W.S. Stallings Jr. of the Laboratory of Anthropology in 1935. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: No Provenience RG-702-13 RG-699 RG-698 RG-700 RG-702-1 1287fp 1290p 1266 126 2 fp 1225 fp - 1327vv 1335+r 1336vv 1336v 1336rB COMMENTS: The dates come from charcoal fragments which may not represent construction materials. A single cutting date at 1336 and the several non-cutting dates suggest occupation sometime in the first half of the 14th century. However, these few dates without known provenience are unreliable for use in interpreting the chronological parameters of the site. -30- Los Alamos MAP REFERENCE: J-14 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 8, Pueblo Alamo, Alamo LOCATION: This site is abo~t 10 miles south of Santa Fe on a long knoll about 300 feet southweet of the junction of Highways 28~ and 84-85 in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Los Alamos is a medium-sized adobe pueplo of 40 to 60 rooms covering an area approximately 500 by 80 feet. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: , Samples were collected from test pits by W.S. Stallings, Jr. of the Laboratory of Anthropology in 1931 and 1933. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Stallings 1937 Ban~i~ter 1953; DATES: No Provenience RG-259-3 RG- 259-5 RG-257-2 RG-257-15 RG-259-4 RG-258-2 RG-257-14 RG-503-9 RG-503-6 RG-257-8 RG-256- 7 RG-503- 17 RG-256-10 RG-503-14 RG-503-21 RG-503-20 RG-257-9 RG-257- 4 RG- 503- 5 RG-256-1 lOOlfp 1066fp 1137p 1162fp 1140p 1162fp 117lfp 1173fp 1159fp 117lfp 118lfp 1190p 1184fp 1162fp 1189fp 1145p 1183p 1165fp 1203f p 1163p - 106lvv 1109vv 1193vv 1202vv 1204vv 1210vv 1210vv 12llvv 1215vv 1215vv 1230vv 1237vv 1239vv 124l++vv 124lvv 1242vv 1243v 1244v 1244r 1247++r RG-258-1 RG-258-7 RG-258-5 RG-256-9 RG-256-17 RG-258-3 RG-504-3 RG-258-6 RG- 504- 1 RG-~58- 4 RG-504-2 RG- 257-16 RG-258-9 RG-258-12 RG-256- 15 RG-258- 13 RG-258-8 RG-258- 11 RG- 258- 10 RG- 256-12 -31- 1213 1209p 1197fp 1209 12llp 1218 1219p 1208fp 1219p 1227fp 1237p 1220 1228fp l 205p l223p 1229 1229p 1230p 1234 1194fp - 1253vv 1255vv 1255++r 1256+r 1256r 126l+r 126lr 126lr 126lr 1261r 1261r 1262vv 1262vv 1262v 1262+r 1262r 1262r 1262r 1262r 1263r Los Alamos, continued DATES: continued No Provenience, continued RG-256-3 RG-256-21 RG-256-20 RG-256-16 RG-256-19 RG-256-18 1195p 1218 1227p 1229 1230p 1237fp - RG-503-12 RG-503-4 RG-503-11 RG-503-16 RG-256-11 RG-256-5 1263r 1263r 1263r 1263r 1263r 1263r 117lfp 1192p 1233fp 1178fp 1237 1239fp - 1267vv 1268vv 1268vv 1275vv 1283vv 1284vv COMMENTS: The dates are all from charcoal fragments and may not be from construction material. There is a good cluster of cutting dates at 1261-1263, however the small sample size and l ack of provenience data make interpretation difficult. -32- Pueblo Largo MAP REFERENCE : J -15 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 183 LOCATION: This ruin is in the Galisteo Basin on the edge of a mesa overlooking the Canada Estacada about 30 miles south of Santa Fe in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Pueblo Largo consists of six masonry house blocks containing an estimated 489 ground floor rooms and several kiva depressions. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: SampLes were obtained by W.S. Stallings Jr. of the Laboratory of Anthropology in 1931 and 1933. Later, more extensive collections were made by B. Dutton of the Laboratory of Anthropology between 1951 and 1956. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Dutton 1951, 1952, 1953; Mera 1940; Nelson 1914 Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: Bldg. IV, Room 1, continued Bldg. IV, Room 1 RG-271-42 RG-271-25 RG-271-27 RG-271-9 RG-271-13 RG-271-23 RG-271-24 RG-271-17 RG-271-47 RG-271-18 RG-271-36 RG-271-33 , RG-271-22 RG-271-40 RG-271-15 RG-271-30 RG-271-29 1162fp 13llfp 1296fp 1305fp 1300 1332fp 1358p 1243fp 1388p 1359fp 1379fp 1348 1387p 1394 1387p 1388p 1343p - 1222vv 1353vv 1360+vv 1373vv 1392vv 1402vv 1404vv 1412r 1414vv 1414v 1418vv 1426+r 1426r 1429+r 1430v 1430v 1430+r RG-271-12 RG-271-39 RG-271-16 RG-271-10 RG-271-49 RG-271-54 RG-271-35 RG-271-41 RG-271-34 RG-271-38 RG-271-32 RG-271-2 RG-271-20 RG-271-14 RG-271-31 RG-271-37 -33- 1350fp 1398 1390p 1402 1395p 14llfp 1383 1402fp 1376 1387 1390p 1290fp 1387fp 1393fp 1406fp 1410fp - 1430+r 1430r 1430r 1430r 143lv 143lv 1431 +r 143l+r 143lr 143lr 143lr 1433r 1435r 1436vv 1436v 1436r Pueblo Largo, continued DATES: continued N of Room 1, Bldg. IV, cant 1 d N of Room 1, Bldg. IV RG-493-11 RG-493-54 RG-2556 RG-493-6 RG-493-38 RG-493-17 RG-493-27 RG-493-31 RG-493-44 RG-493-75 RG-493-86 RG-493-78 RG-493-87 RG-493-90 RG-493-23 RG-493-35 RG-493-7 RG-493-29 RG-493-84 RG-493-76 RG-493-88 RG-493-47 RG-493-89 RG-493-1 RG-493-77 RG-493-48 RG-493-30 RG-493-82 RG-493-42 RG-493-15 RG-493-79 RG-493-22 RG-493- 14 RG-493-40 RG-493-32 RG-493-81 RG-493-33 RG-493- 80 RG-493- 34 RG-493-3 RG-493-20 RG-493-2 RG-483-28 RG-493-85 RG-493-83 RG-493-74 RG-493-37 112 1 1123fp 1210p 114lfp 125lfp 1255p 1153fp 1255fp 1289fp 1295 1296p 1304fp 1293p 1253fp 1320fp 1204fp 1299p 1331p 1314 1322fp 1299p 125 1 12llfp 130lfp 1350p 135lfp 1355fp 13 17 1351p 1369 1337fp 1360 1345p 1347p 1199±p 135lfp 13 04p 13 17f p 1343 13 61p 1352fp 1248p 1368fp 1318fp 1353 1373fp l293fp - RG-493-57 RG-493-72 RG-493-16 RG-493-26 RG-493-9 RG-493-51 RG-493-73 RG-493-43 RG-493-52 RG-493-58 RG-493-19 RG-493-12 RG-4 93-10 RG-493-4 RG-493-66 RG-493-53 RG-493-41 RG-493-62 RG-493-21 RG-493-24 RG-493-56 RG-493-13 1257vv 1292vv 1295r 1298vv 1305vv 1314vv 1318vv 1344vv 1354vv 1354vv 1355vv 1356vv 1366vv 1383vv 1384vv 1386vv 1387vv 1387vv 1388vv 1389vv 1390vv 1392vv 1393vv 1395vv 1395vv 1395vv 1396vv 1402vv 1405vv 1407r 1408vv 1409vv 1409+G 1410++vv 1410vv 1410vv 14llvv 1412vv 1412vv 1412r 1412r 14 13++vv 1413vv 1416vv l417vv 1417vv l421vv 1319fp 1357fp 137lfp 1305 fp 132lfp 1370fp 1299 1391 1365fp 1359p 1388 1366fp 1385fp 1393fp 1374p 1358fp 1383p 1375p 1385p 1370p 1344fp 1269fp - 142lv 1422vv 1426+v 1426r 1426r 1426r 1427vv 1428vv 1430vv 1430r 1430r 1431++vv 1431+r 1432r 1434vv 1435+vv 1438vv 1438r 1438r 1439+r 1442++vv 1459vv Are a V, Room 54-1 RG-2746 RG-2752 1293 1300p - 1325vv - 1370v Room I-3 RG-2939-2 RG-2939-1 1240fp - 1275vv 1388fp - 1421vv Room IV-e-3 RG-2957-2 RG-2953-1 RG-2968-1 RG-2954-5 RG-2953-3 RG-2957-3 RG-2957-5 RG-2959-1 RG-2954-1 RG-2955-2 RG-2957-4 RG-2954-2 -34- 1145fp 1184fp 1265fp 1260fp 1328fp 1256fp 1348fp 1294 1333 fp 1347p 1353fp 1307p - 1205vv 1237vv 1317vv 1318vv 1369vv 1373vv l385vv 1398vv 1401vv 1401vv 1408vv 1410vv Pueb lo Largo, continued DATES: continued Room V-5, cont inued Room IV- e- 3, cont inued RG- 2952 - 1 RG- 2956-2 RG- 2957- 1 RG- 2959-2 RG- 2960- 2 RG- 2960- 1 RG-2956- 1 RG- 2955- 3 RG- 2961- 3 RG-2 954-4 RG- 296 1-2 RG- 295 3-2 RG-2954-3 13 73fp 1348fp 1373f p 1338fp 1344fp 1310fp 1356fp 1333p 1389fp 1395fp 137lfp 1401f p 1340f p - RG- 2970- 17 RG-2 970- 15 RG-2977-3 RG-2977- 2 14 llvv 1414vv ll.c14v 1422vv 1422vv 1422v 1424-tv 1425r 1426vv 1427r 1433-tvv 1435vv 1435r 1253fp 1297fp 1305fp 1377fp 13 71fp - RG-2 981-4 RG-2 982 RG-298 1- 1 RG-2 981- 2 RG- 2968~ 1 2 RG- 2968~1 4 RG- 2969- 11 1096fp 1159fp 11 71fp 1120fp 1206fp 1237 f p 119lfp 1185fp 1199fp 1195fp 1225 f p 1243fp 1242 1203fp 1249fp 1255 p 1237p 1260 1265fp 1223 fp 1255 fp 127 lfp 1259fp 1295 p - 133 2vv 1336vv 135 7vv 1435v 1228p 126 2p 1216±p 1226p - 1284vv 1291vv 1295vv 1300vv 1268p 1291 1262fp 1279±p - 13 28rB 1344+1-B 1360vv 1366vv 996 f p 994f p 1142 f p 1149p 1187 f p 1223fp 1241fp 1255p 1268 f p 1275fp 1286fp 1299np 129 0fp 1190±p 1313fp 1234±p 1358 f p 1308 1360fp 1367f p 1396p 1330fp 1361p - 1069vv 1101-tvv 1197vv 122 9vv 1246vv 1273vv 1277vv 12 98r 13 17vv 1318vv 1332vv 1345vv 1365vv 1372vv 1376-tvv 1386vv 13 91vv 1400+-tvv 1410vv 1410vv 142 1v 1427+ 1 1430vv Room V- 10 RG- 2987 -1 RG- 2987- 2 RG- 2984- 1 RG- 2985- 1 1293vv 1340v 1397+1-r 1407 r 1412vv Room V- 11 Room V- 5 RG- 2977- 13 RG-2976- 2 RG-2 970-10 RG- 29 77-1 RG- 2969- 10 RG- 2970- 5 RG- 2970- 1 RG- 29 75 RG-2969-1 RG- 2970-16 RG- 2970- 2 RG- 296 9- 5 RG-2 972-4 RG- 2970- 11 RG- 297 6- 8 RG-2977-7 RG- 2968- 15 RG- 2968-3 RG- 2968- 1 RG- 2968-6 RG- 2968- 4 - Room V-8 Room I V- f - 2 RG- 2951- 2 RG- 2947 RG- 2950 RG- 2948- 1 RG- 2951-1 1291 1302p 1315p 1346fp 1149vv 1187vv 1206vv 1234vv 125 7vv 1262vv 1265vv 1266vv 1269vv 12 70vv 1281vv 1283vv 1287+rB 1288vv 12 99vv 1302+B 1313+!-B 1315+rB 1317vv 1321vv 1322+B 1322+B 1325vv 1325vv - 35- RG-2 996 RG- 29 91- 1 RG- 2992 - 1 RG- 3011- 1 RG- 2992- 5 RG- 29 99-9 RG-3 01 7- 3 RG- 2995 - 1 RG- 2997-1 RG-3017- 2 RG- 29 92-3 RG- 2991- 2 RG- 299 1-4 RG- 2995 - 3 RG- 2999- 3 RG- 2998 RG- 2989-3 RG- 29 91-3 RG- 3017-8 RG- 2992 - 2 RG- 2999- 8 RG- 2989- 1 RG- 3017- 6 Pueblo Largo, continued DATES: continued Room V•l4 Room V-12 RG-3030 RG-2758 RG-2647 RG-2645 RG-2602 RG•3023-1 RG-2024 RG-3021 RG-3033 RG-3037 RG-3027-1 RG-3029 RG-3035-4 RG-2754 RG-3047 RG-3054-1 RG-3056 1173p 1167p 124lp 1236p 1157p 1231 1205±p 1264p 1265 1275 1279p 1245fp 1287±fp1259fp 1289p 132lfp 1355 - 1256+krv 1260+krv 1268v 1269r 1287r 1292+r •1292+r 1302v 1302v 1302v 1302v 1315vv 1327vv 1346vv 1358-tv 1372vv 1396v 1139 117lfp 1173±p 1238p 1241p 1257 1267p 1233p 1249p 1200 ±p 1245p 1270p 1210 ±p 1229p 1264±p 1259p 1270p 1197±p 1249p 1229fp 1268p 1293p 1287 129lfp 1292fp 128lfp 1311 l377fp - 1185vv 1208vv 1242vv 1284vv 1297+vv 1297r 1298vv 1298+r 1298++B 1299+r 1299r 1299r 1299c 1299c 1299c 1300v 1309vv 1310+-tvv 1318vv 132lvv 132lvv l324rB 1326vv l330vv 1332vv l344vv 1354vv 1420vv --- RG-3090-2 RG-3104-3 1052 - 1166-tvv 1239fp - 1332vv Room V-15 RG-3106 RG-3108-1 RG-3107-3 RG-3110-1 RG-3107-4 1249fp 1321fp 1314fp 1368fp 139lfp - 1319vv 1377vv 1378vv 1426+B 1430vv 1144fp 1275fp 1309fp 1218fp 1395 - 1199vv 1293vv 1348vv 1392+-tvv 1423-tv 1186p 1204 1336 1292p 1327fp 1357p - 1228vv 1260vv 1379vv 1382+B 1391-tvv 1418vv Room V-16 RG-3122-1 RG-3117-1 RG-3121 RG-3122-3 RG-3122-4 Room V-13 Room V-17 RG-3085-2 RG-3086-2 RG-3059 RG-3073 RG-3086-8 RG-3082-1 RG-3086-7 RG-3068 RG-3085 RG-3060 RG-3061 RG-3087 RG-2723 RG-2721 RG-2727 RG-3069 RG-3085-1 RG-3084 RG-3080-1 RG-3078-2 RG-3086-6 RG-3079-4 RG-3085-7 RG-3085-6 RG-3077-4 RG-3078-1 RG-3086-1 RG-3077-2 -36- RG-2658 RG-3129 RG-3128-6 RG-3128-2 RG-3125-2 RG-3128-1 Room V-18 RG-2633 RG-3136-1 RG-3137-1 1099p - 1296-tv 1244 fp - 1307vv 1322 - 1368B Room V-20 RG-3149-1 RG-3147 RG-26 28 RG-3148-1 113lfp 1133fp 1207p 130lp - 1186vv 1209vv 1287vv 135l+vv 946± p 1177p 1136p 1196p 1173p - 1232+-tvv 1243vv 1243v 1245v 1250++vv Room V-21 RG-2711 RG-2693 RG-2650 RG-2697 RG-2682 Pueblo Largo, continued DATES: con tinued w. Room V-21, conti nued RG-2681 RG-2689 RG-2607 RG-2598 RG-2685 RG-2677 RG-2704 RG-2710 RG-2700 RG-2709 RG-2620 RG-2605 RG-2694 RG-25 99 RG-2604 RG-2596 RG-2601 RG-2691 RG-2703 RG-2696 RG-2610 RG-2618 RG-2678 RG-2701 RG- 2616 RG- 2613 RG-2668 RG-2698 1137p 1134p 1170p 1174p 1135±p 1192p 1192p 1129 117lp 1186p 1213±p 1225p 1095p 1172p 1142p 1226p 1203p 1210p 1198p 1180p 120lp 12 llp 1194p 1287p 1265p 1198 122lp 1288p - 1259+vv 1262-t+vv 1263+tvv 1265v 1266vv 1267vv 1267vv 1267v 1267v 126 7v 1267v 1267v 126 7r 1267r 1267c 1268v 1270c 1280-tvv 1283vv 1292+v 1292v 1292r 1295+tvv 132lc 1325v 1325r 1325r 1325r 1320fp - 1406+tvv 1393fp - 1426r V-Tower RG- 3160-l RG-3156-1 RG-3 156-4 RG-3160-2 RG-3 160-3 RG-3156-2 RG-3159-1 RG-3159-9 RG-3159- 2 RG-3159-4 RG-3169 RG-3167 1204p 1244 1257vv - 1287vv Plaza V-13 RG-2695 RG-2630 1184±p - 1244vv ± 1183p - 1298v Plaza V-17 RG-2683 1113p - 1287+tv 1200p - 1297+rB 11 79p 1162p 1096p 1190p 12 13p 1224p - Plaza V-18 RG-2638 Pl aza V-20 RG-2612 RG-2611 RG-2680 RG-2603 RG-2608 RG-2714 1267c 1270vv 1272-t+vv 1287vv 1292vv 1293v Pl aza V, Area XY RG-3192-1 129lfp - 137lvv Plaza V, Ar ea YY Room V-24 RG-3153-2 RG-3 153- 1 of Room V-5 RG-3194-1 RG-3194-2 113lfp - 1202vv 1234fp - 1272vv Plaza V, E. of Room V-5 1144 1159fp 1159fp 1199fp 1230fp 115 9fp 1249 1229 1229 p 1247p - 1200vv l238vv 1238vv l244vv 1256vv 1259vv 1287vv 1288+vv 1289vv 129lvv RG-3175- 2 RG-3 174-4 1163fp - 1199vv 1250fp - 1298vv Kiva A RG-3213-l RG-32 17- 2 RG-3203-1 RG-3217 -4 RG-3 214- 1 RG- 3201- 2 RG-3 201-1 RG-3214-3 - 37- 1250 1266fp 1223fp 1308fp 1301 1307fp 1395fp 1404 fp - 1284vv 12 96vv 1310vv 1360vv 13 92-tvv 143lr 143lr 1446vv Pueblo Largo, continued DATES: continued Refuse B-2 Kiva XX RG-3186-1 RG-3185-3 RG-2702 RG-2648 RG-3177 RG-2664 RG-3181-2 RG-2669 RG-3181-3 RG-2627 RG-3186-3 RG-3186-2 RG-3188 RG-3187-1 RG-3180-1 RG-3190-1 1026fp 946 1113fp 1185p 1102 1083p 1229fp 1197±p 1214fp 106lp 1257fp 1229 1255fp l285fp 125lfp 1284 - 1114vv 1129vv 1219vv 1230v 123 7vv 1242vv 1268vv 1292+v 1293vv 1298vv 1302vv 1305vv 1309vv l332vv 1339vv 1354vv 1139 1230fp 127lfp 1332fp - 1211vv 1269vv 1366vv 1406vv RG-3222-1 RG-3222-2 1270 - 133o+vv l288fp - l33lvv Cap. B RG-2735 1174±p - 1268vv No Provenience RG-2717 RG-2595 RG-2558 RG-2560 RG-2563 RG-2557 RG-2561 RG-2565 ll96p 1177p 1088p 124lp 1255p 1202p 1230p 1232p - 1267v 1270vv 1275+tvv 1298vv 1299v 1299r 1299r 1299r Refuse B RG-3224 RG-3223-1 RG-3228-3 RG-3232 COMMENTS: Although there are many dated samples from Pueblo Largo, very few of these are cutting dates and the sample must still be considered small relative to the great size of this site. The range of dates represented in this collection indicates occupation beginning about the mid-13th century and continuing into the middle and probably l ate 15th century. Construction activity is suggested by clusters of cutting dates in the middle and late 13th centuries for Rooms V-13 and V-21 and again in the early 15th century in Bldg. IV, Room 1. There is a notable absence of cutting dates in the 14th century, however, some modification in Room V-21 is evidenced in the early 14th century. -38- Pueblo She MAP REFERENCE: J-16 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 239 LOCATION: This pueblo is on the west bank of Arroyo de la Jar a about five miles sou t heast of t he vil l age of Galisteo in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Pueblo She consists of about 15 rambling masonry roomblocks containing an estimated 1500 ground floor rooms. Many of the units are arranged around plazas, some of which contain kivas. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: W. S. Sta l lings J r . of the Labor at ory of Anthropology obtained treering s amples f rom Ne l son 1 s backdirt i n 1931. REFERENCES: Si t e Descr i p tion : Published Dates: Mer a 1940; Nelson 1914 None DATES: Refuse Mound 0 RG-127-1 RG-127-2 Group IX, Room 1 120lfp - 1309vv 1433fp - 1480r RG-126-1 RG-126-2 1412 - 1474r 1427fp - 1474r COMMENTS: So few da t es fr om such a large pueblo are inade qu a te for meaning ful chronol ogical i nterp r et a tion, but point to some construction and occup a tion shortly before 1500. -39- Rowe Ruin MAP REFERENCE : J -17 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 108 (incorrectly LA 128 in early reports), Guthe's Ruin, Pueblo de las Ruedas, Ku-uang-ual-a LOCATION: The site is at the foot of a steep wooded mesa on the west bank of a small tributary of the Pecos River. It is about one-quarter mile east of Rowe in San Miguel County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: This ruin consists of three quadrangles of masonry construction arranged in a north-south line covering about 150 by 500 feet. The evidence suggests three superimposed pueblos on this site. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: W.S. Stallings Jr. collected tree-ring samples for the Laboratory of Anthropology in 1931 from Guthe's test trench. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Guthe 1917; Mera 1940 Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: Guthe's Test Trench RG-121-2 126lp - 1306vv COMMENTS: A single dated sample makes chronological interpretation hopeless for this large pueblo. -40- Santa Fe Area MAP REFERENCE: J-18 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: Palace of the Governors, Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe, Santa Fe Cathedral, San Miguel Chapel, Oldest House, Garita Site, Rael House, Curry House, El Zaguan, Olive Rush House, Borrego House, 132 E. DeVargas, Howes Residence, Mayer House, LA 608, Boys School, St. Francis LOCATION: The Howes residence is about 15 miles north of Santa Fe on the south side of New Mexico Route 4 between Pojaque and Nambe. All other struc tures are in the city of Santa Fe in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: All of these structures are either public buildings or private residences of the historic period. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were collected from some of these buildings in the 1930's by W.S. Stallings Jr. of the Laboratory of Anthropology and George Kubler of Ya le University. Collections were made at the Garit a Site by B.T. Ell is of the Museum of New Mexico during his excavati ons in 1954 and 1955. R. Howes collec ted s amples from his hous e ne ar Nambe in 1966. S. Peckham and A. Schroeder made collections for the National Park Service from a number of buildings in 1967 and C. Steen of the National Park Service collected samples from the Borrego House in 1969. REFERENCES: Site De scrip tion: Published Dates : Ad ams and Chavez 1956; Anderson 1944; Kubler 1939, 1940; LaFarge 1959; Stubbs and Ellis 1955 Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: Garita Site GAR-3 GAR-4 GAR-S GAR-2 Howes Residence 173lfp 1732fp 1634p 1735fp - 1802-tvv 1805vv 1805v 1805v -41- SAN-2 SAN-3 1742p - 1783v 1734p - 1795vv Santa Fe Area, continued DATES: continued Oldest House Rael House SAN-8 SAN-ll SAN-6 SAN-S SAN-7 SAN-10 SAN-9 SAN-12 1800 1821 1829p 1844 1844p 1810p 1793fp 1829p - 1876vv 1878+vv 1879vv 188lvv 188lvv 1883vv 1884vv 1884vv RG-412 RG-415 RG-414 RG-410 RG-409 RG-413 RG-4ll 1646p 1663fp 1653p 1641 1647p 1630p 1610p - 1740r 1756v 1763v 1763v 1763v 1766v 1767v 1556fp 1536fp 1606fp 1518p 1723fp - 1692vv 172lvv 1769v 1772vv 185lvv 1616p - 1753+vv Santa Fe Cathedral Curry House SAN-15 SAN-13 RG-629 RG-628 RG-630 RG-697 RG-631 1824fp - 1907vv 1799p - 1908vv El Zaguan SAN-17 SAN-18 1789 1796 Guadalupe - 1870vv - 1877vv RG-7ll Olive Rush House 132 E. De Vargas St. SAN-20 SAN-21 SAN-19 SAN-22 1802 1783 1793 1828 - 1859+vv 1862vv 1863+vv 1865vv Borr ego House SAN-25 SAN-23 SAN-24 SAN-27 SAN-26 SAN-29 SAN-31 1766p 1687p 1687p 1764p 1752p 1804p 1768p - 1837r 1840vv 1840vv 1840vv 1840B 184lvv 184lv 1632 1609p 1660 1647p 1648 1605p 1618p 1662p 1654p 1792p - 17llvv 1715vv 1720v 172 l vv 172 l vv 1772vv 1779vv 1793vv 1853vv 1857v -42- 1575fp - 1720vv San Miguel Chapel RG-496 SMC-1 RG-495 RG-416 SMC-2 RG-1050 RG-496 RG-1058 RG-1048 RG-1049 RG-1052 RG-1054 RG-1051 RG-1056 RG-1047 RG-1053 RG-1055-2 RG-494 RG-497 SMC-5 RG-1055-1 RG-1057 Governor's Palace RG-37 GOVP-1 RG-39 RG-41 RG-40 RG-36 RG-43 RG-368 RG-33 RG-42 RG-3498 1489p 1635fp 1486p 1436p 158lp 1588p 1489p 1640fp 1565fp 1621 1540 1577 1610p 1657p 1689p 1658fp 1597fp 1593p 1568p 1640fp 1660fp 1686fp - 1652vv 1678vv 1683vv 1696+vv 1708vv 1708v 1652vv 1709vv 1709v 1709v 1709B 1709B 1710v 1710B 1710B 1714v 1716-t-vv 173lvv 1736+vv 1748+v 1749vv 1758r Santa Fe Area, continued DATES: continued San Miguel Chapel, continued SMC-3 RG-498 1799p 1777p - 1854r - 1855v COMMENTS: Construction act i v i ty is indicated for some of these structures at various date s from the mid 18th to the early 20th century. Construction at about 1710 is indicated for San Miguel Ch apel with modification or repair at 1758 and 1854. The Borrego House was probably c onstructed about 1840. -43- San Cristobal MAP REFERENCE : J -19 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 80, Yam-p-hamba LOCATION: This ruin is on the north and south banks of Arroyo San Cristobal at the mouth of a deep rocky gorge about eight miles southeast of Lamy and six mi les east of Galisteo in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: San Cristob a l is a large pueblo with a prehistoric and historic componen t of occupation separated by the channel of the Arroyo San Cristobal. The prehistor i c component on the south side of the arroyo consists of several rectangular room blocks enclosing plazas and a single kiva. On the north bank is the historic pueblo construct ed over another earlier pueblo. This ruin is similar in plan to the south puebl o , but is much more extensive. Between the arroyo and t he north pueb l o are the r uins of a 17th century church, cemetery, and associated structu res. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Samples were obtained by W.S . Stallings J r. i n 1931 and by F. Wendorf and E. Reed in 1953, all for the Laboratory of Anthropology. REFERENCES: Site Description: Pub l ished Dates: Nelson 1914 Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stalli ngs 1937 DATES: Building I RG-264-2 Building RG-25 0 RG-169 RG-241 RG-202 RG-254 RG-227 RG-198 RG-173 RG-199 RG-204 Building X, continued 1314fp - 1383vv X 1289fp 1307p 1264p 128 9p 129lp 1207p 1315p 1284p 1332p 1330p - 1362vv 1365vv 1384vv 1386+tvv 1386vv 1389vv 1395vv 1408vv 1410vv 1413vv -44- RG-176 RG-185 RG-180 RG-249 RG-168 RG-167 RG-189 RG-161 RG-230 RG-201 RG-200 RG-223 RG-234 RG-229 1280p 1352p 1352p 1310p 1317p 1327p 1352p •128lp 1283p 1303p 1303p 135lp 1293p 1293p - 1415+tvv 1415+tvv 1415+vv 1420+tvv 142lvv 142lvv 142lvv 1422+tvv 1422-t+vv 1422+tvv 1422+tvv 1422+vv 1422vv 1423-t+vv San Cristobal, continued DATES: continued Building X, continued Building X, continued RG-186 RG-239 RG-174 RG-160 RG-212 RG-162 RG-158 RG-183 RG-210 RG-170 RG-187 RG-233 RG-243 RG-238 RG-252 RG-159 RG-166 RG-203 RG-175 RG-188 RG-237 RG-171 RG-197 RG-236 RG-182 1346p 134lp 1355fp 1303p 1353p 1268p 1339p 136lp 1349±p 1342p 1278p 1335p 138lp 132lp 1297p 1323p 1327p 1329p 1359p 1374p 1264p 1288p 1332p 1332p 1346p - RG-231 RG-181 RG-178-1 RG-184 RG-195 RG-251 RG-232 RG-157 RG-163 RG-172 RG-193 RG-209 RG-164 RG-223 RG-165 RG-244 1425+vv 1426+vv 1426+vv 1426vv 1426vv 1426v 1426v 1426+r 1427vv 1427v 1427+r 1427+r 1427r 1427cL 1428v 1428v 1428v 1428v 1428v 1428v 1428r 1428r 1428r 1428r 1428r 1348p 1353p 1358p 1370p 1379p 1308p 1313p 1335p 1320p 133lp 1374p 1337p 1296p 133lp 1312p 1379fp - 1428r 1428r 1428r 1428r 1428r 1428c 1428c 1428c 1428c 1428cL 1434++vv 1435+v 1436c 1436c 1437r 1456++vv Rooms around Kiva 8 RG-267-2 RG-267-1 1330p 1334p - 1414+r - 1414+r 1409p 1393p - 1445vv - 145lvv Kiva SCK-2 SCK-8 COMMENTS: Stallings apparently collected his samples from Nelson's backdirt with some additional testing for material on his own. All specimens are thought to represent beam material. A tight clustering of cutting dates at 1427 to 1428 places construction activity at that time in Building X. The other dates suggest occupation ranging from th e late 14th century to the late 15th century, but there are too few dates from too few proveniences to adequately define the chronological parameters of the site. -45- San Miguel Village MAP REFERENCE: J-20 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: San Miguel del Vado LOCATION: San Miguel is on the Pecos River about 21 miles southwest of Las Vegas and about three miles south of the Santa Fe to Las Vegas Highway (US 84-85) in San Miguel County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: San Miguel Vi l lage was a frontier outpost on the Santa Fe Trail and was established at least as early as 1786. SOURCE OF COLLECTI ON: Several beams from buildings in San Miguel Village now in the Hollenbeck House in Santa Fe were sampled by W.S. Stallings Jr. in 1932. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None None DATES: No Provenience RG-371 RG-370 1725p 1727p - 1816vv - 1832vv COMMENTS: Lack of inf or mati on about t he s i t e and pr oveni enc e of the s ampl e precludes any interpretation. -46- Tecolote Ruin MAP REFERENCE : J- 21 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 296 LOCATION: This ruin is on the southwest bank of Tecolote Creek about one and one-half miles southeast of the village of Tecolote and 10 miles south of Las Vegas in San Miguel County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: The Tecolote Ruin consists of 10 mounds of masonry roomblocks scattered in a 430 by 900 foot area. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: The first tree-ring sample was collected by A.V. Kidder of the Phillips Academy in 1929. Other samples were collected in 1932 by the Museum of New Mexico and by F.W. Snyder for New Mexico Highlands University in 1960. REFERENCES: Site Reference: Published Dates: Holden 1931 Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: Kiva 16 RG-386-1 Ki va I I 1084p - 117lr RG-459- 2 East Dump RG-472-1 1159p - 1225vv 1152p - 1259vv Rob 1 s Room 1153fp - 1200vv RG-474-1 Room VI RG-471 1122fp - 1203vv COMMENTS : Occupation in the lat e 12 th through the 13th centuries is i ndicat ed . The single cutting da t e at 1171 does not al low precise chr ono l ogi c a l pl acement . -47- LA 742 MAP REFERENCE: J-26 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: None known LOCATION: LA 742 is on the west side of a low hill on the east side of the Tesuque River about 10 miles north of Santa Fe in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: This is a small rectangular house mound. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Samples were collected by Stanley Stubbs and W.S. Stallings Jr. for the Laboratory of Anthropology in 1935. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953 DATES: Second Room East of Room 1, outside. Kiva RG-2308-5 RG-2308-4 RG-2308-3 RG-2308-1 1032 1027fp 1036p 1023 - 1102vv 1113r 1113r 1114r RG-2316 RG-2319-1 RG-2319-3 RG-2319-2 860p 968vv 935fp - 992-tvv 918p 996-tvv 985fp - 1076vv 1148fp - 1194vv 1066fp - 1152vv 102lfp - 1084vv 1127fp - 1197vv Test I, Cut 3 RG-2320-1 Rooms 2 and 3 RG-2314-1 RG-2310-1 RG-2314-2 RG-2313-1 RG-2312-2 RG-2312-1 - 1206-tvv Test I, Cut 2 Room 2 RG-2309-3 RG-2309-5 RG-2309-2 RG-2311-1 RG-2309-1 1082p 938fp - 1046+r Test I, Cut 4 917fp 879±p 945fp 1057fp 1168fp 1173fp - 979vv 1007vv 1028vv 1139vv 1218-tvv 1228+-tvv -48- RG-2321-1 877fp - 994-tvv Test I, Cut 5 RG-2322-1 984fp - 1054B LA 742, continued DATES: continued Test II, Cut 6 Test I, Cut 7 RG-2323-1 RG-2323-5 RG-2323-4 RG-2323-6 1029p 1035p 1078p 1087fp - RG-2304-4 RG-2304-6 RG-2304-1 1122r 1122r 1122r 1122r 870±fp - 967vv 1020fp - 1113r - 1122r 1083 Test II, Cut 7 Test II, Cut 2 RG-2317-9 RG-2317-17 RG-2317-19 RG-2317-1 RG-2317-11 RG-2317-16 RG-2317-4 RG-2317-14 RG-2317-5 RG-2317-8 RG-2317-10 RG-2317-3 RG-2317-2 86lp 994fp 1054fp 1036fp 1116fp 1042fp 1138fp 1136fp 1149fp 1104fp 1149fp 1149fp 1145fp - 966vv lllO+tvv 1152++vv 1162vv 1162vv 1168vv 1173vv 1194vv 1194vv 1197+vv 1200vv 1209vv 1215vv Test II, Cut 3 RG-2318-1 859p - lOOl++vv Test II, Cut 4 RG-5303 RG-5302 1079p llOOfp - 1122r - 1122r Test III, Cut 7 RG-2301-2 RG-2301-1 917fp 1013p - 1012++vv - 1108++vv Test III, Cut 8 RG-2300-3 RG-2300-2 RG-2300-14 RG-2300-7 RG-2300-1 RG-2300-9 RG-2300-5 RG-2300-6 1024p 103lp 104lp 102lp 1069fp 1103p 1077p 1082p - 1063r 1080c 1103vv 1108+vv 1122v 1122r 1122r 1122r 916p 1065fp 1120fp 1122fp - 1040vv 1105r 1194++vv 1212r Refuse RG-2324-1 RG-2324-2 RG-2326-1 RG-2325-1 897fp - 967vv 919fp - 1004vv Test II, Cut 5 RG-2305-6 RG-2306-8 RG-2306-4 RG-2306-2 RG-2306-1 RG-2303-1 RG-2303-4 1008fp 1015p 1040fp 1040p 1076fp - 106lvv 1063r 1122v 1122r 1122r COMMENTS: Occupation ranging from the early 12th to the early 13th century is suggested, however the samples are all small charco al fragments and may represent fire wood rather than construction materials. Clusters of cutting dates at 1122 from several excavation units could indicat e cons truction activity at that time. The kiva may have been constructed in 1113- 14. -49- Las Madres MAP REFERENCE : J- 2 7 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 25, Pueblo Galisteo (in part) · LOCATION: This ruin is on a sandstone promontory on the Rio Galisteo about two miles upstream from the village of Galisteo in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Las Madres is a masonry pueblo of rectilinear plan measuring about 200 by 50 feet. The site overlooks the ruin Pueblo Galisteo and was originally mapped as part of that pueblo by Nelson in 1912 (Ruin XXVI). SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were obtained by Bertha Dutton of the Laboratory of Anthropology during excavations in 1962 and 1965. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Dutton 1964; Nelson 1914 None DATES: Room 2 RG-3236 RG-3235 Room 13 132lp - 1351vv 1325±p - 1356r RG-3256 1310 - 1355vv Room 14 Room 8 RG-3261 RG-3245 1222fp - 1256vv 1270fp - 1330vv Room 16 Room 9 RG-3381 1280p RG-3283 RG-3282 RG-3277 RG-3280 - 1330vv Room 11 RG-3252 1237±p - 1302-1-+vv Room 12 LSM-44 -so- - 1322vv l345v 1347-1-+v 1350+r Room 19 RG-3391 RG-3392 RG-3388 1206fp - 1293v 1245fp 1304p 1260±p 1285p 1079±p - ll93vv ll65fp - 1277+vv 1196p - 1328-1-+vv Las Madr es, c ontinued DATES: continue d Room 29 Room 20 RG-3300 RG-3292 RG-3305 RG-3306 RG-3304 1235p 1289p 1286p 1319fp 1262p RG-3409 RG-3410 RG-3 4 13 - 13 13vv 1346+r 1353r 1353r 1354r 1222p 1223p 1176±fp1276p 13 28p - - 1315++vv 13 15++vv 1316+vv 1345+vv 1355v - 1296++vv 1353r 1358r 1359r Room 30 Room 21 RG- 3394 RG-3308 RG-3313 RG- 3321 RG- 3318 Ro om 25 RG-3333 RG- 3342 RG- 3345 RG- 3335 1207p 1328p 1315p 1323p Ro om 25, SE Corner LSM- 47 LSM-48 LSM-49 1243p 129 7 1324 1285p 1288±p 1316p 1306p 1312p - 133 7++vv - 1359v - 1359r - 1319r 1357r 1358r 1359r 1359r - 1335++vv 1340++vv 1341+vv 1342+vv 1342++vv 1342++v 1353r 1359+vv 136lr 136lr RG-3444 1287p - 1366+vv RG-4559 1229 - 1275v Room 48 1204fp - 126 3vv 123 7fp - 1298vv 1268fp - 133 2vv Room 50 LSM- 55 1214fp - 1258vv Room 51 128 0fp 1230p 1265p 1290fp 1275p - 1313vv 1314+vv 1318++B 1322vv l325++B Room 28 RG- 3405 1278± p 1249± 1220p 1227p 1240 1260±p 1239 1298±p 1306p 13 28p Rooms 33 and 34 LSM- 54 LSM- 53 LSM- 52 Room 27 RG- 339 7 RG-3403 RG- 3399 RG-3396 RG-34 00 RG-34 21 RG-3422 RG- 343 8 RG-3414 RG-342 7 RG-3 425 RG- 3423 RG-3439 RG-344 2 RG-3437 Room 43 Room 26 RG- 3350 RG- 3352 RG- 3351 RG- 3354 RG-3353 1194p - 1262vv 1255fp - 1305vv 1258±p - 1333B 1180 - 1325++vv -51- LSM-57 LSM- 58 LSM-5 6 1218fp - 1267vv 1296fp - l34lvv 1299fp - 1348vv Room 52 LSM- 60 LSM-6 2 1224 - 128 7vv 1244fp - 1298vv Las Madres, continued DATES: continued Strat Block Test Fl, continued Room 53 LSM-65 LSM-67 1233fp - 1298vv 1233fp - 1299vv LSM-7 LSM-26 LSM-16 LSM-14 LSM-13 LSM-11 LSM-3 LSM-23 LSM-10 LSM-17 LSM-1 LSM-4 LSM-27 LSM-24 LSM-2 Room 54 LSM-78 LSM-72 LSM-71 LSM-75 LSM-74 LSM-73 1289p 1299p 1301 1308p 1317p 1325p - 1346+r 1346+r 1346+r 1346+r 1346+r 1346+r Trench F3 LSM-94 130lfp - 1374vv 1235fp 126lp 1243 1266fp 1282fp 1268p 1286fp 1296fp 1292p 1303fp 1262fp 1313fp 1296fp 1244fp 1262±fp1320p 1330 1337p - 1283vv 1305vv 1313vv 1314vv 1329vv 1333vv 1337B 1342vv 1345+B 1345+B 1346++vv 1350vv 135l+vv 1356vv 1358vv 1362vv 1364v 1364B E-W Tr ench RG- 3368 1220p - 1316+vv Str a t Block Te st Fl LSM-25 LSM-28 LSM- 12 LSM- 21 - 1283vv 1286vv 1297vv 1307vv 1314vv 1316vv 1320vv 1323vv 133lvv 133lvv 1334vv 1352vv 1353r 136lvv 137lvv - 1259vv 128lvv 1295vv 13llvv 1319vv 1320vv 133 2vv 1335vv 1337vv 1347vv 1366vv 1369vv 1377++vv - 1245vv 1277vv 1292vv 1306vv 1311vv 13 2lvv 135 2++vv 1358+B 1369++B 1372vv Str a t Block Test F2 N-S Trench F3 LSM-96 LSM-116 LSM-100 LSM-111 LSM-107 LSM-103 LSM-112 LSM- 110 LSM-125 LSM-124 LSM-122 LSM-108 LSM-99 LSM-98 LSM-118 LSM-97 LSM-123 LSM-102 1195fp 1232fp 122lfp 1206 1255 1256fp 1258fp 1267fp 1233 1285 1218 130lfp 1316p 1303 1302fp 1187 1200fp 1214fp 1209 f p - 1245vv 1263vv 1266vv 1278vv -5 2- LSM-40 LSM-34 LSM-37 LSM-35 LSM-31 LSM-29 LSM-33 LSM-42 LSM-39 LSM-43 LSM-38 LSM-3 2 LSM-30 1194 1202fp 1249fp 1263fp 1267fp 1257 f p 129lfp 127lfp 1265fp 1245fp 1298 1302fp 1313 f p Stra t Bl ock Te st F5 LSM-151 LSM-135 LSM-144 LSM-143 LSM- 134 LSM- 141 LSM-142 LSM-147 LSM-136 LSM-138 1203p 122 lfp 1265fp 1223 12 78 1206 ± 1260p 1310p 1288p 1325f p Las Madres, continued DATES: continued South Terrace Str at Block Test F6 LSM- 184 I.SM- 152 LSM- 155 I.SM-163 LSM- 188 I.SM- 154 LSM-187 LSM-168 I.SM-158 I.SM-180 LSM- 189 I.SM- 182 I.SM-179 I.SM-181 LSM-161 I.SM-153 I.SM-164 1124fp 127lp 1261 1268p 1272fp 1255 1280p 1212fp 1300fp 1240fp 1158fp 1257 1290fp 1233fp 1300fp 1351 1335p - U96vv 1305vv 1309vv 1319vv 1324vv 1325vv 1327+B 1328vv 1329B 1330++vv 1332vv 1336+B 1340+vv 1350++vv 1354vv 1369v 1369r 1269fp 1270fp 1213 1260fp 1270±p 1290fp 1298fp 1306fp 1300fp - 1313vv 1317vv 1318+vv 1323vv 1333+vv 1334vv 1342vv 1374vv 1382+vv Between S Terrace trench and Room 28 RG-3371 1298fp - 1355B No provenience RG-3492 RG-3497-2 Te st Pi t We st of Room 35 ISM-51 RG-3490 RG-3477 RG-3467 RG-3478 RG-3487 RG-3468 RG-3471 RG-3476 RG-3472 1296p 1273 - 1333vv - 1342+vv 1275fp - 134lvv COMMENTS: The dating of this pueblo runs from the early to the l a t e 14th cent ur y and doe s not exhibit good clusters of cutting da t e s . Sev er a l cutting dates from Rooms 2, 20, 25, and 26 may indicate construction of thes e units in the 1350's. Room 54 was prob ably constructed shortly a ft er 1346. -53- Tesuque Williams I MAP REFERENCE: J-28 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 6560 LOCATION: This site is on the west side of the Tesuque River on a small hill about 700 yards south of the old highway bridge in Tesuque, about 5 mi l es north of Santa Fe in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Tesuque Will i ams I is a long oval pueblo. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Collect i ons wer e made by Winnabe lle Ol mi of Santa Fe in 1963. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None None DATES: Room lA TW-2 Room 11 1219p - 1298vv TW-17 Room 2 TW-5 TW-8-1 TW-10 TW-7 1131p 1148p 1195p ll98p - 1245vv 128 H +r 1285+v 1285+r TW-21 TW-25 TW-23 TW-20 1113p 1174p 1197p 1200p - 1275+1-vv 1281vv 1283v 1290vv East of Room 12 117lp 1119p 1209p 1225p - 1277vv 1285 vv 1285+r 1285+r TW-18 TW-19 1225p 1201p 1152p 1151p - 1235vv - 1246vv 1178p 1226p 1228p - 1269v - 1291+r - 1291+r Room 13 Room 6 TW-16 TW-15 - 1282r Room 12 Room 3 TW- 14 TW- 11 TW-12 TW-13 1239p TW-27 TW-28 TW-29 - 1283r - 1298c -54- Tesuque Williams I, continued COMMENTS: The dates place construction and occupation in the late 13th century. However, there are too few dated samples and too little site data to permit further chronological interpretation of the site. -ss- IA 3333 MAP REFERENCE: J-29 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: None known LOCATION: IA 3333 is about 30 miles south of Santa Fe and three-quarters of a mile east of the site of Pueblo Largo in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: The site consists of masonry structures, pit houses, and two circular kivas. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: S. Peckham of the Museum of New Mexico collected tree-ring samples in 1956. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Dutton 1964 None DATES: Kiva 1 GLS-9-1 GLS-22 GLS-18-3 GLS-17 GLS-13-1 1097p 1104p 1142 fp 1162p 1189 - 1167++vv 117lvv 117 9vv 1204rB 1225B COMMENTS: Kiva 1 may have been constructed around the beginning of the 13th century. -56- Arroyo Hondo MAP REFERENCE: J-30 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 12, Kua-kay, Arroyo Hondo Ruin No. I, Arroyo Hondo-Lower Ruin LOCATION: This pueblo is on the south side of Arroyo Hondo about four and one-half miles south of Santa Fe and 0.9 miles west of U.S. 85 in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Arroyo Hondo is a large multistory adobe and masonry pueblo of 21 interconnected roomblocks arranged around seven plazas. Three other roomblocks enclose a U-shaped plaza just northwest of the main plaz a . Seven kiva depressions are within the plazas and a large kiva depression is located on the southwest side of the site. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: W.S. Stallings Jr. of the Laboratory of Anthropology collected a single tree-ring sample in 1933. All other samples wer e obtained by D.W. Schwartz of the School of American Research during excavations in 1970-72. REFERENCES: Site De scription: Published Dates: Bandelier 1892; Schwartz 1971, 1972 None DATES: Roomblock 4, Room 2 AHS-112 Roomblock 9, Room 6 1309fp - 1327vv AHS-116 AHS-118 AHS-117 AHS-119 Roomblock 5, Room 4 AHS-114 1237fp 1356p 135lp 1358p - 1368vv 1375r 1386r 1387r B 1337fp - 1364vv Roomblock 9, Room 7 Roomblock 5, Room 6 AHS-121 AHS-105 AHS-106 AHS-104 1182p 1272p 1266p - 1318r - l318r - 1323r 1251fp - 1310vv Roomb1ock 9, Room 8 AHS-123 -57- 1315p - 1360r Arroyo Hondo, continued DATES: continued Roomb1ock 15' Room 6, continued Roomb1ock 10, Room 3 AHS-125 AHS-126 1342p 1346 AHS-132 AHS-136 AHS-137 AHS-138 AHS-139 AHS-140 AHS-128 AHS-135 AHS-127 - 1375vv - 1385r Roomb1ock 11, Room 5 AHS-31 1358p - 1383vv Roomb1ock 11, Room N2 AHS-162 1344p 1330p 1354p 1345p 1357p 1354p 1368p 1359p 1356p - 1381r 1381r 1381r 1381r 1381r 1381r 1386r 1386rB 1388rB 1271fp - 1333vv Roomb1ock 15' Room 7 Roomb1ock 11, Room N4 AHS-142 AHS-152 AHS-156 AHS-161 1370p 1368p 1358p - 1386r - 1386r - 1386r Roomb1ock 16, Room 1 AHS-175 AHS-171 AHS-170 AHS-172 AHS-165 AHS-154 AHS-181 AHS-167 AHS-182 AHS-184 AHS-166 AHS-168 AHS-185 AHS-183 AHS-180 AHS-149 AHS-169 AHS-186 AHS-151 AHS-153 AHS-179 AHS-187 AHS-150 AHS-176 AHS-155 Roomb1ock 14, Room 5 AHS-91 AHS-87 AHS-86 AHS-85 AHS-84 AHS-83 AHS-88 AHS-124 AHS-90 1250p 1193p 1265 1209fp 1263fp 1264fp 1264p 1305p 1293p - 1315vv 1317vv 1320v 1321v 1321v 1321v 1321r 1324vv 1325vv Roomb1ock 15A, Room 7 AHS-95 AHS-98 AHS-100 AHS-94 AHS-102 AHS-92 AHS-96 AHS-97 AHS-101 1251fp 1354fp 1355p 1349p 1356p 1352p 1361p 1349p 1360p - 1370r 1381vv 1381vv 1381v 1381v 1381r 1381r 1381r 1381r - 1379r 1381r 1381r 138lr Roomb1ock 15' Room 6 AHS-133 AHS-129 AHS-130 AHS-131 1365p 1364p 1350p 1362p 1207fp - 1308vv 1275fp 1308p 1320p 1337p 1316p 1334p 1332p 1332p 1335p 1339p 1327p 1339p 1358fp 1356p 1353p 1346p 1346 1342p 1347fp 1362p 136Sp 1342fp 1352p 1354p 1381p - 1325vv 1353vv 1359v 1359v 1359+r 1359r 1359r 1360+r 1360+r 1360+r 1378rB 1379r 1380vv 1380r 1380r 1380r 1382vv 1382r 1385r 1385r 1385r 1385r 1387v 1388b 1403r Roomb1ock 16, Room 11 AHS-33 -58- 1302fp - 1345vv Arroyo Hondo, continued DATES: continued Roomb1ock 16' Room 27 Roomb1ock 16' Room 13 AHS-39 AHS-42 AHS-38 AHS-37 AHS-35 1359p 1352p 1350p 1345fp 1328p - AHS-29 1377r 1381v 1381r 1385+vv 1387r 1325p - 1357r Roomb1ock 16' Room 0 AHS-177 AHS-178 1344p - 1386r 1336fp - 1388vv Roomb1ock 16, Room 18 Roomb1ock 16, Feature 17 AHS-56 AHS-53 AHS-50 AHS-49 AHS-44 AHS-45 AHS-43 AHS-46 AHS-47 AHS-48 AHS-51 AHS-52 1279 1357p 1352p 1333p 1350p 1363p 1356p 1357p 1328±p 1367p 1339p 1341p - 1334vv 1374vv 1380vv 1381vv 1381vv 1386vv 1386r 1386r 1386r 1386r 1387v 1387r AHS-19 AHS-14 AHS-9 AHS-17 AHS-10 AHS-12 AHS-13 AHS-16 AHS-20 AHS-21 AHS-15 AHS-18 1345p 1356p 1357p 1371p 1372p 1374p 1374p 1378p 1382p 1384p 1391p 1397p - 1410r 1410r 1410r 1410r 1410r 1410r 1410r 1410r 1410r 1410r 1410r 1410r Roomb1ock 16, Room 20 Roomb1ock 16, Feature 22 AHS-66 AHS-57 AHS-79 AHS-76 AHS-65 AHS-78 AHS-60 AHS-68 AHS-69 AHS-63 AHS-77 AHS-74 AHS-70 AHS-59 AHS-71 AHS-72 AHS-75 AHS-61 AHS-62 AHS-64 AHS-58 AHS-67 AHS-73 1355p 1346fp 1343p 1336p 1343p 1354p 1354p 1356p 1360p 1363p 1334p 1343p 1354p 1356p 1357p 1358p 1364p 1372p 1373p 1335p 1354p 1295fp 1354p - 1379B - 1381v 1381v - 1381r - 1381r - 1381r - 1381r - 1381r - 1381r - 1381r - 1386r - 1386r - 1386r - 1386r - 1386r - 1386r - 1386r - 1386r - 1386r - 1387vv - 1387r - 1388vv - 1388r AHS-24 AHS-25 1326p 1330p - 1386r 1386r Roomb1ock 18, Room 7 AHS-145 AHS-146 1245fp - 1315vv 1203p - 1315rB Roomb1ock 24, Room 3 AHS-148 1248fp - 1330v Kiva C AHS-3 AHS-2 AHS-1 AHS-4 AHS-108 AHS-109 AHS-5 AHS-6 AHS-111 -59- 1348p 1323p 1325p 1344 1354p 137lfp 137lp 1372p 1373fp - 1385+r 1386r 1386r 1386r 1386r 1386r 1386r 1386r 1386r Arroyo Hondo, continued COMMENTS: The samples reveal a very good series of cutting dates which suggest construction of many of the features in the 1380's. Several of the dates suggest occupation in the earlyl4th century and as late as 1410. Dates from several of the features indicate reuse of timbers from earlier features. -60- Macho MAP REFERENCE: J-31 ALTERNATE NAME /NUMBER: LA 191 LOCATION: This site is on the north side of Arroyo Hondo less than a mile below the old Galisteo road to Canada de las Gallinas and six miles south of Santa Fe in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: Macho is a small pueblo with three roomblocks and at least three kivas. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: w.s. Stallings Jr. of the Laboratory of Anthropology collected tree-ring samples in the 1930's. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None Smiley 1951; Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1937 DATES: Kiva 3 RG-1010 Group II, Room 2 108lfp - 1133vv RG-1003-30 RG-1003-27 RG-1003-1 RG-1003-26 RG-1003-2 RG-1003-24 RG-1003-3 RG-544-3 RG-544-7 RG-544-9 RG-544-8 RG-544-1 RG-1000-1 RG-544-2 RG-1003-29 Group II, Room 1 RG-1004-18 RG-1004-20 RG-1004-23 RG-1004-22 RG-1004-17 RG-1004-1 RG-1004-4 RG-1004-2 RG-1004-14 RG-1004-19 RG-1004-11 RG-1004-12 RG-1004-3 RG-1004-5 1065fp 1089fp 1094p 1109p 1082fp 1108fp 1112p 1118p 1126fp 1126p 1135p 1160p 1128p ll28p - 1122vv 1143vv 1172vv 1185+r 1185+r 1185r 1185r 1185r 1185r ll85r 1185r 1185r 1186+v 1192r -61- 1026 1055fp 966p 1018p 1029p 1040fp 1044 llOlfp 1096fp 1117 1155p 1122p 1113p 1156fp 1097p - 1082vv 1107vv 1113r ll19r 1119r 1119r 1119r 1151+vv 1158+vv 1159vv 1184vv 1185vv 1185r 1191r - 1192v Mocho, continued DATES: continued Group III, Room 1 Group II, Room 6 RG-1011-7 RG-1011-16 RG-1011-8 RG-1011-10 RG-2011-2 RG-1011-11 RG-1011-5 RG- 1011-3 1104p 1116p 1120p 1123p 1139p 1144fp 1166p 1170p - RG-1005-1 RG-1005-2 1173vv 1192r 1192r 1192r 1192r 1192r 1192r 1194r 1016p - 1070r 1129fp - 1164r Group III, Room 2 RG-1007-3 RG-1006-1 1106 fp - 1146+vv 1105p - 1150+r Group III, PH 2 Group II, Room 8 RG-1008 RG-1013-1 RG-1013-4 1062fp - 1122r 1139fp - 1172vv 1038 - 1076vv Group II, Room 9 RG-1012-9 · 1139fp RG-1012-8 1103p RG-1012-2 1113p RG-1012-6 1127fp RG-1012-4 1147fp RG-1012-6 1149fp RG-1012-15 1162fp RG-1012-1 1162p RG-1012-11 1177p - 1192r 1194r 1194r 1194r 1194r 1194r 1194r 1194r 1194r COMMENTS: Although most of the samples are small charcoal fragments, the several strong c lu sters of cutting dates suggests many of them represent construction materials. Occupation of the site lasts from the early to the late 12th century. Strong clusters of cutting dates place construction of the rooms in Group II at 1185 for Room 1, 1192 for Room 6, and 1194 for Room 9. The dating of Room 2 in this group is confused due t o borrowing of materials during construction or prehistoric mixing of the deposit. There are too few dates from the other structures for any firm interpretation. -62- Watrous Area MAP REFERENCE: K-1 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: None known LOCATION: This site is at the confluence of the Mora River and Sapello River about 20 miles northeast of Las Vegas in Mora County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: No description of the site is available. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: The University of Pennsylvania collected tree-ring samples from this site during excavations in 1929 under the direction of J.A. Mason. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None None DATES: No Provenience WK-0-1 WK-0-3 WK-64 WK-7 WK-66 1103p 1127fp 1077p 1095p 1113 - 1179vv 1184vv 121lv 1212r 1214v COMMENTS: Lack of site data and provenie.nc e informa tion makes interpr etat i on impossible at this time. -63- Armstrong Ruin MAP REFERENCE : P-1 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: LA 1225 LOCATION: The Armstrong Ruin is 13 miles southeast of Corona in the valley bottom of Gallo Canyon in Lincoln County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: The Armstrong Ruin is an adobe pueblo of several roomblocks arranged in a quadrangle around a central plaza. The pueblo was probably several stories high. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: W.S. Stallings Jr. of the Laboratory of Anthropology collected treering samples from this site in 1933. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Mera 1940 Smiley, Stubbs, and Bannister 1953; Stallings 1936 DATES: No Provenience RG-484 RG-476-l RG-492 RG-486 1289fp l292p 1323fp 1308p - l345vv 1348c l358r 136lvv RG-479 RG-482 RG-485 RG-478 l265p 1310p 13llp 1272p COMMENTS: Construction activity is indicated in the mid-14th century. -64- - l362c 1364r l365v 1366c LA 2945 MAP REFERENCE : P-4 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: None known LOCATION: This site is on a small knoll on the west side of Gallo Arroyo 10 miles southeast of Corona in Lincoln County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: The excavated portion of LA 2945 consisted of 12 contiguous adobe rooms. The site was originally larger, but had been destroyed by agricultural activities. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: Tree-ring samples were collected by F. Wendorf of the Museum of New Mexico during excavation of the site in 1954. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: Wendorf 1956 None DATES: Room 3 RG-2787 RG-2772 RG-2781 RG-2775 RG-2773 RG-2796 RG-2771 RG-2784 RG-2776 RG-2788 RG-2778 RG-2777 RG-2795 Room 3, continued 1105p 1104 1105p 1199p 1200p 1194 1199p 1216fp 1216p 1210p 1198p 1190p 120lfp - 1175vv 1192vv 1196vv 1228vv 1229vv 1235vv 1239vv 124lvv 1244vv 1245vv 1263vv 1267vv 1267vv RG-2791 RG-2785 RG-2770 1207p - 1267vv 1219fp - 1268vv 1183p - 1268r Room 6 RG-2799 RG-2798 1066p 1064p - llllvv - 1136vv 1094 1089p - 1130vv - 1182vv Room 8 RG-2801 RG-2800 COMMENTS: Occupation in the middle to late 13th century is probable, although no cutting dates are available for precise placement . -65- Fort Stanton Ruin MAP REFERENCE : V- 5 ALTERNATE NAME/NUMBER: None known LOCATION: Fort Stanton Ruin is on the U.S. Marine Hospital Reservation about 50 miles northeast of Alamogordo in Lincoln County, New Mexico. DESCRIPTION: There is no description of this site available. SOURCE OF COLLECTION: These samples were collected by J. Dyson at an unknown time. REFERENCES: Site Description: Published Dates: None None DATES: No Provenience FSR-5 FSR-6 FSR-3 1275p 1295p 1302p - 1346vv - 1354r 1363vv COMMENTS: There are f ew dat e s and little sit e informati on to assist interpretation. -66- REFERENCES Adams, Eleanor B. and Fray Angelico Chavez 1956 The Missions of New Mexico. 1776. Mexico Press, Albuquerque. University of New Anderson, Clinton P. 1944 The Adobe Palace. New Mexico Historical Review, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 97-118. Albuquerque. Bandelier, A.F. 1881 Report on the Ruins of the Pueblo of Pecos. Papers of the Archaeological Institute of America, American Series, No. 1, Part 2, pp. 37-133. A. Williams and Co., Boston. 1892 Final Report of Investigations among the Indians of the Southwestern United States, Carried on Mainly in the Years from 1880 to 1885. Papers of the Archaeological Institute of America, American Series, No. 4, Part 2. John Wilson and Son, Cambridge. Dutton, Bertha P. 1951 The Diggers Complete Their Fifth Season of Senior Girl Scout Archaeological Mobile Camps. El Palacio, Vol. 58, No. 11, pp. 354-69. Santa Fe. 1952 Senior Girl Scout Museum Archaeological Program of 1952. El Palacio, Vol. 59, No. 11, pp. 342-52. Santa Fe. 1953 Galisteo Basin Again Scene of Archaeological Research. El Palacio, Vol. 60, No. 10, pp. 339-51. Santa Fe. 1964 Las Madres in the Light of Anasazi Migrations. American Antiquity, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 449-54. Salt Lake City. Ellis, Florence Hawley 1964 Archaeological History of Nambe Pueblo, 14th Century to the Present. American Antiquity, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 34-42. Salt Lake City. Guthe, Carl E. 1917 The Pueblo Ruin at Rowe, New Mexico. No. 4, pp. 33-39. Santa Fe. -67- El Palacio, Vol. 4, Harrington, John Peabody 1916 The Ethnogeography of the Tewa Indians. Twenty-Ninth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, pp. 29-636. Washington. Hewett, Edgar L. 1904 Studies in the Extinct Pueblo of Pecos. American Anthr opologist, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 426-39. Lancaster. Holden, Jane 1955 A Preliminary Report on Arrowhead Ruin. Vol. 62, No. 4, pp. 102-19. Santa Fe. El Palacio, Holden, W.C. 1931 Texas Tech Archaeological Expedition Summer 1930. Texas Archaeological and Paleontological Society Bulletin, Vol. 3, pp. 43-52. Abilene. Kidder, Alfred V. 1916 · The Pueblo of Pecos. Archaeological Institute of America, Papers of the School of American Research, No. 33. Santa Fe. 1917 The Old North Pueblo of Pecos, the Condition of the Main Pecos Ruin. Archaeological Institute of America, Papers of the School of American Research, No. 38. Santa Fe. 1924 An Introduction to the Study of Southwestern Archaeology. Phillips Academy, Papers of the Southwestern Expedition, No. 1. New Haven. 1925 Pecos Exploration in 1924. Archaeological Institute of America, Papers of the School of American Research, new series, No. 11. Santa Fe. 1926a Early Pecos Ruins in the Forked Lightning Ranch. Archaeological Institute of America, Papers of the School of American Research, new series, No. 16. Santa Fe. 1926b The Excavations at Pecos in 1925. Archaeological Institute of America, Papers of the School of American Research, new series, No. 14. Santa Fe. 1958 Pecos, New Mexico: Archaeological Notes. Papers of the Robert S. Peabody Foundation for Archaeology, No. 5. Andover. -68- Kubler, George 1939 The Rebuilding of San Miguel at Santa Fe in 1710. Taylor Museum, Colorado Springs. The 1940 The Religious Architecture of New Mexico in the Colonial Period and Since the American Occupation. The Taylor Museum, Colorado Springs. La Farge, Oliver 1959 Santa Fe, the Autobiography of a Southwestern Town. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. Mera, H.P. 1934 A Survey of the Biscuit Ware Area in Northern New Mexico. Laboratory of Anthropology, Technical Series, Bulletin No. 6. Santa Fe. 1940 Population Changes in the Rio Grande Glaze-Paint Area. Laboratory of Anthropology, Technical Series, Bulletin No. 9. Santa Fe. Nelson, Nels 1914 c. Pueblo Ruins of the Galisteo Basin, New Mexico. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 15, Part 1. New York. Schwartz, Douglas W. 1971 Background Report on the Archaeology of the Site at Arroyo Hondo. First Arroyo Hondo Field Report, 1971, The School of American Research. Santa Fe. 1972 Archaeological Investigations at the Arroyo Hondo Site. Second Arroyo Hondo Field Report, 1971, The School of American Research. Santa Fe. Smiley, Terah L. 1951 A Summary of Tree-Ring Dates from Some Southwestern Archaeological Sites. University of Arizona Bulletin, Vol. 22, Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research Bulletin, No. 5. Tucson. -69- Smiley, Terah L., Stanley A. Stubbs, and Bryant Bannister 1953 Stallings, A Foundation for Dating Some Late Archaeological Sites in the Rio Grande Area, New Mexico: Based on Studies in Tree-Ring Methods and Pottery Analyses. University of Arizona Bulletin, Vol. 24, No. 3, .;;L;;;a;.;;b;..;o;.;;r;..;a;;.;t;;.;o;;.;r;;..y'-o~f-T=r.-e.-e_-.-R-i-n.si..,;;R.;.;e;..;s;..;e;..;a;;;r;;.;c;;.;h;.;;;_B;;.u=l.;;l..;;e..;;t.;;i=n, No. 6. Tucson. w.s., Jr. 1933 A Tree-Ring Chronology for the Rio Grande Drainage in Northern New Mexico. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sci ences, Vol. 19, No . 9, pp. 803-06. 1936 Dates from Gallo Canyon, East-Central New Mexico. Tree-Ring Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 6-8. Tucson. 1937 Southwestern Dated Ruins: No. 2, pp. 3-5. Tucson. I. Tree-Ring Bulletin, Vol. 4, Stubbs, Stanley A. 1950 Bird's-Eye View of the Pueblos. Press, Norman. University of Oklahoma Stubbs, Stanley A. and Bruce T. Ellis 1955 Archaeological Investigations at the Chapel of San Miguel and the Site of La Castrense, Santa Fe, New Mexico. School of American Research, Monograph 20. Santa Fe. Stubbs, Stanley A., Bruce T. Ellis, and Alfred E. Ditter t Jr. 1957 "Lost" Pecos Church. El Palacio, Vol. 64, Nos. 3-4, pp. 67-92. Santa Fe. Wasley, William W. 1964 The Archaeological Survey of the Ari zona Sta t e Museum. Arizona State Mus eum , Tucs on . Wendorf, Fred 1956 A Fr agmentary Pueblo near Corona , New Mexic o. In Highway Salvage Archaeology, Vol . 2 , edi ted by Fred Wendorf, pp. 87-105. Santa Fe . -70- •colorado Sprint• Areas Published to Date PREVIOUS QUADRANGLE REPORTS TREE-RING DATES FROM ARIZONA K: Puerco--Wide Ruin-Ganado Area, by Bryant Bannister, John W. Hannah, and William J. Robinson. 1966. TREE-RING DATES FROM ARIZONA E: Chinle--De Chelly-Red Rock Area, by Bryant Bannister, Jeffrey S. Dean, and Elizabeth A.M. Gell. 1966. TREE-RING DATES FROM ARIZONA N-Q: Verde--Show Low-St. Johns Area, by Bryant Bannister, Elizabeth A.M. Gell, and John W. Hannah. 1966. TREE-RING DATES FROM ARIZONA J: Hopi Mesas Area, by Bryant Bannister, William J. Robinson, and Richard L. Warren. 1967. TREE-RING DATES FROM ARIZONA C-D: Eastern Grand Canyon-Tsegi Canyon--Kayenta Area, by Bryant Bannister, Jeffrey S. Dean, and William J. Robinson. 1968. TREE-RING DATES FROM UTAH S-W: Southern Utah Area, by Bryant Bannister, JeffreyS. Dean, and William J. Robinson. 1969. TREE-RING DATES FROM NEW MEXICO M-N,S,Z: Southwestern New Mexico Area, by Bryant Bannister, John W. Hannah, and William J. Robinson. 1970. TREE-RING DATES FROM NEW MEXICO A,G-H: Shiprock-Zuni--Mt. Taylor Area, by Bryant Bannister, William J. Robinson, and Richard L. Warren. 1970. TREE-RING DATES FROM ARIZONA U-W: Gil a--Salt Rivers Ar ea , by Bryant Bannister and William J. Robinson. 1971. TREE-RING DATES FROM NEW MEXICO C-D: Northern Rio Grande Area, by William J. Robinson and Richard L. Warren. 1971. TREE-RING DATES FROM NEW MEXICO I,O,U: Central Rio Grande Are a , by William J. Robinson, John W. Hannah, and Bruce G. Harrill. 1972.
* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project