MAX17502 60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency, Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter General Description

MAX17502 60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency, Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter General Description
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
General Description
Benefits and Features
The device features peak-current-mode control with
pulse-width modulation (PWM) and operates with fixed
switching frequency at any load. The low-resistance,
on-chip MOSFETs ensure high efficiency at full load and
simplify the layout.
● Reduces Number of DC-DC Regulators to Stock
•
Wide 4.5V to 60V Input Voltage Range
•
0.9V to 92%VIN Adjustable Output Voltage
•
Delivers up to 1A
•
600kHz and 300kHz Switching Frequency Options
•
Available in a 10-Pin, 3mm x 2mm TDFN and
14-Pin, 5mm x 4.4mm TSSOP Packages
The MAX17502 high-efficiency, high-voltage, synchro­nous
step-down DC-DC converter with integrated MOSFETs
operates over a 4.5V to 60V input voltage range. This
device is offered in a fixed 3.3V , 5V or adjustable output
voltage (0.9V to 92%VIN) while delivering up to 1A of
current. The output voltage is accurate to within ±1.7%
over -40°C to +125°C. The MAX17502 is available in
compact TDFN and TSSOP packages. Simulation models
are available.
A programmable soft-start feature allows users to reduce
input inrush current. The device also incorporates an
output enable/undervoltage lockout pin (EN/UVLO) that
allows the user to turn on the part at the desired inputvoltage level. An open-drain RESET pin provides a
delayed power-good signal to the system upon achieving
successful regulation of the output voltage.
Applications
●
●
●
●
●
●
Industrial Process Control
HVAC and Building Control
Base Station, VOIP, Telecom
Home Theatre Battery-Powered Equipment
General-Purpose Point-of-Load
19-6245 Rev 4; 6/15
● Eliminates External Components and Reduces Total
Cost
•
No Schottky-Synchronous Operation for High
Efficiency and Reduced Cost
•
Internal Compensation and Feedback Divider for
3.3V and 5V Fixed Outputs
•All-Ceramic Capacitors, Ultra-Compact Layout
● Reduces Power Dissipation
•
Peak Efficiency > 90%
•
Shutdown Current = 0.9μA (typ)
● Operates Reliably in Adverse Industrial Environments
•
Hiccup-Mode Current Limit, Sink Current Limit,
and Autoretry Startup
•
Built-In Output-Voltage Monitoring (Open-Drain
RESET Pin)
•
Resistor-Programmable EN/UVLO Threshold
•
Adjustable Soft-Start and Prebiased Power-Up
•
-40°C to +125°C Industrial Temperature Range
Ordering Information/Selector Guide appears at end of data
sheet.
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Absolute Maximum Ratings
VIN to GND.............................................................-0.3V to +70V
EN/UVLO to GND.......................................-0.3V to (VIN + 0.3V)
LX to PGND................................................-0.3V to (VIN + 0.3V)
FB, RESET, COMP, SS to GND..............................-0.3V to +6V
VCC to GND..............................................................-0.3V to +6V
GND to PGND.......................................................-0.3V to +0.3V
LX Total RMS Current......................................................... ±1.6A
Output Short-Circuit Duration.....................................Continuous
Operating Temperature Range......................... -40°C to +125°C
Junction Temperature......................................................+150°C
Storage Temperature Range............................. -65°C to +160°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s).................................+300°C
Soldering Temperature (reflow).......................................+260°C
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these
or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
Package Thermal Characteristics (Note 1)
10 TDFN
14 TSSOP
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
(derate 14.9mW/°C above +70°C) (multilayer board)..1188.7mW
(derate 25.6mw/°C above +70°C)...........................2051.3mW
Junction-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance (θJA)............67.3°C/W
Junction-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance (θJA)...............39°C/W
Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance (θJC).................18.2°C/W
Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance (θJC)......................3°C/W
Note 1: Package thermal resistances were obtained using the method described in JEDEC specification JESD51-7, using a four-layer
board. For detailed information on package thermal considerations, refer to www.maximintegrated.com/thermal-tutorial.
Electrical Characteristics
(VIN = 24V, VGND = VPGND = 0V, CVIN = 2.2μF, CVCC = 1μF, VEN = 1.5V, CSS = 3300pF, VFB = 0.98 x VOUT, LX = unconnected,
RESET = unconnected. TA = TJ = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. All voltages are referenced to GND, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 2)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
0.9
60
3.5
V
µA
4.75
6.75
2.5
3.6
INPUT SUPPLY (VIN)
Input Voltage Range
Input Supply Current
VIN
IIN-SH
IIN-SW
4.5
VEN = 0V, shutdown mode
Normal
MAX17502E/F/G
switching mode,
MAX17502H
no load
mA
ENABLE/UVLO (EN/UVLO)
EN Threshold
VENR
VEN rising
1.194
1.218
1.236
VENF
VEN falling
1.114
1.135
1.156
V
8
200
nA
4.65
5
5.35
V
40
80
mA
VEN-TRUESD
EN Input Leakage Current
VEN falling, true shutdown
IEN
VEN = VIN = 60V, TA = +25°C
VCC
6V < VIN < 12V, 0mA < IVCC < 10mA,
12V < VIN < 60V, 0mA < IVCC < 2mA
0.7
LDO
VCC Output Voltage Range
VCC Current Limit
VCC Dropout
VCC UVLO
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IVCC-MAX
VCC = 4.3V, VIN = 12V
15
VCC-DO
VIN = 4.5V, IVCC = 5mA
4.1
VCC-UVR
VCC rising
3.85
4
4.15
VCC-UVF
VCC falling
3.55
3.7
3.85
V
V
Maxim Integrated │ 2
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Electrical Characteristics (continued)
(VIN = 24V, VGND = VPGND = 0V, CVIN = 2.2μF, CVCC = 1μF, VEN = 1.5V, CSS = 3300pF, VFB = 0.98 x VOUT, LX = unconnected,
RESET = unconnected. TA = TJ = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. All voltages are referenced to GND, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 2)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
0.55
0.85
UNITS
POWER MOSFETs
TA = +25°C
High-Side pMOS On-Resistance
RDS-ONH
ILX = 0.5A
(sourcing)
Low-Side nMOS On-Resistance
RDS-ONL
ILX = 0.5A
(sinking)
LX Leakage Current
ILX_LKG
VEN = 0V, TA = +25°C,
VLX = (VPGND + 1V) to (VIN - 1V)
TA = TJ = +125°C
(Note 3)
1.2
TA = +25°C
0.2
TA = TJ = +125°C
(Note 3)
Ω
0.35
0.47
Ω
1
µA
SOFT-START (SS)
Charging Current
ISS
VSS = 0.5V
4.7
5
5.3
µA
0.884
0.9
0.916
V
MAX17502E, VFB =
3.3V
6.8
12
17
MAX17502F, VFB
= 5V
6.8
FEEDBACK (FB/VO)
FB Regulation Voltage
FB Input Bias Current
VFB_REG
IFB
MAX17501G/H
TA = +25NC
µA
12
MAX17502G/H, VFB
= 0.9V
17
100
nA
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VOUT)
Output Voltage Range
VOUT
MAX17502E
3.248
3.3
3.352
MAX17502F
4.922
5
5.08
MAX17502G
0.9
0.92 x
VIN
MAX17502H
0.9
0.965
x VIN
ICOMP = ±2.5µA, MAX17502G/H
510
590
650
µS
V
TRANSCONDUCTANCE AMPLIFIER (COMP)
Transconductance
GM
COMP Source Current
ICOMP_SRC
MAX17502G/H
19
32
55
µA
COMP Sink Current
ICOMP_SINK
MAX17502G/H
19
32
55
µA
RCS
MAX17502G/H
0.45
0.5
0.55
V/A
Current-Sense Transresistance
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Maxim Integrated │ 3
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Electrical Characteristics (continued)
(VIN = 24V, VGND = VPGND = 0V, CVIN = 2.2μF, CVCC = 1μF, VEN = 1.5V, CSS = 3300pF, VFB = 0.98 x VOUT, LX = unconnected,
RESET = unconnected. TA = TJ = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. All voltages are referenced to GND, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 2)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
CURRENT LIMIT
Peak Current-Limit Threshold
IPEAK-LIMIT
1.4
1.65
1.9
A
Runaway Current-Limit Threshold
IRUNAWAY-
1.45
1.7
2
A
Sink Current-Limit Threshold
ISINK-LIMIT
MAX17502E/F/G/H
0.56
0.65
0.74
A
VFB > VOUT- MAX17502E/F/G
MAX17502H
HICF
560
600
640
280
300
320
VFB < VOUT-HICF
280
300
320
LIMIT
TIMINGS
Switching Frequency
fSW
Events to Hiccup after Crossing
Runaway Current Limit
VOUT Undervoltage Trip Level to
Cause Hiccup
1
VOUT-HICF
VSS > 0.95V (soft-start is done)
69.14
HICCUP Timeout
Minimum On-Time
Maximum Duty Cycle
71.14
Event
73.14
32,768
tON_MIN
DMAX
VFB = 0.98 x MAX17502E/F/G
VFB-REG
MAX17502H
%
Cycles
75
120
92
94
96
96.5
97.5
98.5
LX Dead Time
kHz
5
ns
%
ns
RESET
RESET Output Level Low
IRESET = 1mA
0.02
V
RESET Output Leakage
Current High
VFB = 1.01 x VFB-REG, TA = +25°C
0.45
µA
VOUT Threshold for RESET Falling
VOUT-OKF
VFB falling
90.5
92.5
94.5
%
VOUT Threshold for RESET Rising
VOUT-OKR
VFB rising
93.5
95.5
97.5
%
RESET Delay After FB Reaches
95% Regulation
VFB rising
1024
Cycles
Temperature rising
165
°C
10
°C
THERMAL SHUTDOWN
Thermal-Shutdown Threshold
Thermal-Shutdown Hysteresis
Note 2: All limits are 100% tested at +25°C. Limits over the operating temperature range and relevant supply voltage range are
guaranteed by design and characterization.
Note 3: Guaranteed by design, not production tested.
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Maxim Integrated │ 4
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VIN = 24V, VGND = VPGND = 0V, CVIN = 2.2μF, CVCC = 1μF, VEN = 1.5V, CSS = 3300pF, VFB = 0.98 x VOUT, LX = unconnected,
RESET = unconnected, TA = TJ = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. All voltages are referenced to GND, unless otherwise noted.)
70
VIN = 24V
60
50
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
5.02
5.01
5.00
VIN = 12V
VIN = 36V
VIN = 24V
4.97
VIN = 48V
1.00
0.95
0.90
0.85
0.80
0.70
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
-40 -20
0
RISING
THRESHOLD
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
1.19
1.18
1.17
1.16
FALLING
THRESHOLD
1.15
1.14
60
80
4.95
4.90
4.85
4.80
100 120
-40 -20
0
20
40
60
80
100 120
TEMPERATURE (°C)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs. TEMPERATURE (MAX17502E),
3.3V OUTPUT, FIGURE 7 CIRCUIT
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs. TEMPERATURE (MAX17502F),
5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
5.050
3.325
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
1.21
1.20
3.350
MAX17502 toc07
EN/UVLO THRESHOLD VOLTAGE (V)
1.22
40
MAX17502 toc08
EN/UVLO THRESHOLD
vs. TEMPERATURE
20
5.00
NO-LOAD SWITCHING CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
TEMPERATURE (°C)
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
1.23
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
SHUTDOWN CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
0.75
4.96
4.95
3.280
1.05
VIN = 36V
VIN = 24V
VIN = 12V
3.285
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
1.10
SHUTDOWN CURRENT (µA)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
5.03
4.98
3.290
MAX17502 toc06
MAX17502F
LOAD AND LINE REGULATION,
5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
5.04
4.99
3.295
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
MAX17502 toc04
5.05
VIN = 48V
MAX17502 toc05
60
VIN = 36V
MAX17502 toc03
MAX17502 toc02
VIN = 12V
3.300
3.300
3.275
MAX17502 toc09
VIN = 12V
70
VIN = 36V
MAX17502E
LOAD AND LINE REGULATION,
3.3V OUTPUT, FIGURE 7 CIRCUIT
3.305
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
VIN = 24V
80
3.310
NO-LOAD SWITCHING CURRENT (mA)
80
MAX17502F
EFFICIENCY vs. LOAD CURRENT,
5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
90
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
EFFICIENCY (%)
100
MAX17502 toc01
100
MAX17502E
EFFICIENCY vs. LOAD CURRENT,
3.3V OUTPUT, FIGURE 7 CIRCUIT
5.025
5.000
4.975
1.13
1.12
-40 -20
0
20
40
60
80
TEMPERATURE (°C)
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100 120
3.250
-40 -20
0
20
40
60
80
TEMPERATURE (°C)
100 120
4.950
-40 -20
0
20
40
60
80
100 120
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Maxim Integrated │ 5
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VIN = 24V, VGND = VPGND = 0V, CVIN = 2.2μF, CVCC = 1μF, VEN = 1.5V, CSS = 3300pF, VFB = 0.98 x VOUT, LX = unconnected,
RESET = unconnected, TA = TJ = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. All voltages are referenced to GND, unless otherwise noted.)
0.90
1.8
1.7
1.6
0.89
1.5
0.88
-40 -20
0
20
40
60
80
100 120
1.4
RUNAWAY
CURRENT
LIMIT
PEAK
CURRENT
LIMIT
-40 -20
TEMPERATURE (°C)
0
20
40
60
80
100 120
700
600
500
400
300
200
-40 -20
TEMPERATURE (°C)
SOFT-START/SHUTDOWN FROM EN/UVLO
(MAX17502E), 3.3V OUTPUT, FIGURE 7 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc13
0
20
40
60
80
100 120
TEMPERATURE (°C)
SOFT-START/SHUTDOWN FROM EN/UVLO
(MAX17502F), 5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc14
EN/UVLO
2V/div
EN/UVLO
2V/div
VOUT
2V/div
IOUT
500mA/div
RESET
5V/div
VOUT
1V/div
IOUT
500mA/div
RESET
2V/div
1ms/div
1ms/div
FULL-LOAD SOFT-START FROM VIN
(MAX17502E), 3.3V OUTPUT, FIGURE 7 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc15
FULL-LOAD SOFT-START FROM VIN
(MAX17502F), 5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc16
VIN
20V/div
VIN
20V/div
IOUT
500mA/div
IOUT
500mA/div
VOUT
1V/div
VOUT
2V/div
RESET
5V/div
RESET
2V/div
400µs/div
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SWITCHING FREQUENCY
vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX17502 toc12
1.9
CURRENT LIMIT (A)
0.91
MAX17502 toc11
2.0
MAX17502 toc10
FEEDBACK VOLTAGE (V)
0.92
PEAK AND RUNAWAY CURRENT LIMIT
vs. TEMPERATURE
SWITCHING FREQUENCY (kHz)
FEEDBACK VOLTAGE
vs. TEMPERATURE
400µs/div
Maxim Integrated │ 6
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VIN = 24V, VGND = VPGND = 0V, CVIN = 2.2μF, CVCC = 1μF, VEN = 1.5V, CSS = 3300pF, VFB = 0.98 x VOUT, LX = unconnected,
RESET = unconnected, TA = TJ = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. All voltages are referenced to GND, unless otherwise noted.)
SOFT-START WITH 2V PREBIAS
(MAX17502E), 3.3V OUTPUT, FIGURE 7 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc17
SOFT-START WITH 2.5V PREBIAS
(MAX17502F), 5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc18
EN/UVLO
2V/div
EN/UVLO
2V/div
VOUT
1V/div
VOUT
1V/div
RESET
2V/div
RESET
5V/div
400µs/div
400µs/div
LOAD TRANSIENT RESPONSE OF MAX17502E
(LOAD CURRENT STEPPED FROM NO-LOAD TO 500mA),
3.3V OUTPUT, FIGURE 7 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc19
LOAD TRANSIENT RESPONSE OF MAX17502F
(LOAD CURRENT STEPPED FROM NO-LOAD TO 500mA),
5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc20
VOUT (AC)
50mV/div
VOUT
100mV/div
IOUT
200mA/div
IOUT
200mA/div
40µs/div
20µs/div
LOAD TRANSIENT RESPONSE OF MAX17502E
(LOAD CURRENT STEPPED FROM 500mA TO 1A),
3.3V OUTPUT, FIGURE 7 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc21
VOUT (AC)
50mV/div
MAX17502 toc22
VOUT
100mV/div
IOUT
500mA/div
IOUT
500mA/div
20µs/div
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LOAD TRANSIENT RESPONSE OF MAX17502F
(LOAD CURRENT STEPPED FROM 500mA TO 1A),
5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
20µs/div
Maxim Integrated │ 7
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VIN = 24V, VGND = VPGND = 0V, CVIN = 2.2μF, CVCC = 1μF, VEN = 1.5V, CSS = 3300pF, VFB = 0.98 x VOUT, LX = unconnected,
RESET = unconnected, TA = TJ = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. All voltages are referenced to GND, unless otherwise noted.)
SWITCHING WAVEFORMS OF MAX17502F
AT 1A LOAD, 5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc23
OUTPUT OVERLOAD PROTECTION
OF MAX17502F, 5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc24
VOUT (AC)
50mV/div
ILX
500mA/div
VOUT
500mV/div
LX
20V/div
IOUT
500mA/div
20ms/div
2µs/div
BODE PLOT OF MAX17502E
AT 1A LOAD, 3.3V OUTPUT, FIGURE 7 CIRCUIT
MAX17502 toc25
5 6 7 8 9 1
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MAX17502 toc26
fCR = 60.5kHz
PM = 58°
fCR = 55.2kHz
PM = 53°
4
BODE PLOT OF MAX17502F
AT 1A LOAD, 5V OUTPUT, FIGURE 8 CIRCUIT
2
4
5 6 7 8 9 1
2
Maxim Integrated │ 8
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Pin Configurations
TOP VIEW
TOP VIEW
MAX17502
PGND
1
VIN
2
EN/UVLO
3
VCC
FB/VO
+
4
EP*
5
10
LX
9
GND
8
RESET
7
N.C./COMP
6
SS
+
PGND
1
14
LX
N.C.
2
13
LX
VIN
3
12
N.C.
EN/UVLO
4
N.C.
5
VCC
6
FB/ VO
7
TDFN
(3mm x 2mm)
MAX17502
EP*
11
GND
10
RESET
9
N.C./COMP
8
SS
TSSOP
(5mm x 4.4mm)
*EP = EXPOSED PAD. CONNECT TO GND
Pin Description
PIN
NAME
FUNCTION
1
PGND
Power Ground. Connect PGND externally to the power ground plane. Connect GND and PGND
pins together at the ground return path of the VCC bypass capacitor.
2
3
VIN
3
4
EN/UVLO
4
6
VCC
5
7
FB/VO
6
8
SS
TDFN
TSSOP
1
Power-Supply Input. The input supply range is from 4.5V to 60V.
Enable/Undervoltage Lockout Input. Drive EN/UVLO high to enable the output voltage. Connect
to the center of the resistive divider between VIN and GND to set the input voltage (undervoltage
threshold) at which the device turns on. Pull up to VIN for always on.
5V LDO Output. Bypass VCC with 1µF ceramic capacitance to GND.
Feedback Input. For fixed output voltage devices, directly connect FB/VO to the output. For
adjustable output voltage devices, connect FB/VO to the center of the resistive divider between
VOUT and GND.
Soft-Start Input. Connect a capacitor from SS to GND to set the soft-start time.
7
9
N.C./COMP
External Loop Compensation. For adjustable output voltage (MAX17502G/H), connect to an RC
network from COMP to GND. See External Loop Compensation for Adjustable Output Versions
section for more details. For fixed output voltage (MAX17502E/F), this pin is a no connect (N.C.)
and should be left unconnected.
8
10
RESET
Open-Drain RESET Output. The RESET output is driven low if FB drops below 92.5% of its set
value. RESET goes high 1024 clock cycles after FB rises above 95.5% of its set value. RESET
is valid when the device is enabled and VIN is above 4.5V.
9
11
GND
10
13, 14
LX
—
2, 5, 12
N.C.
—
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EP
Analog Ground
Switching Node. Connect LX to the switching side of the inductor. LX is high impedance when
the device is in shutdown mode.
No Connection. Not internally connected.
Exposed Pad. Connect to the GND pin of the IC. Connect to a large copper plane below the IC
to improve heat dissipation capability.
Maxim Integrated │ 9
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Block Diagram
VCC
PGND
N DRIVER
5µA
SS
LX
MAX17502
HICCUP
SS
P DRIVER
VIN
CURRENT
SENSE
VCC
PWM
COMPARATOR
LDO
CLK
PWM
LOGIC
OSC
COMP
HICCUP
SLOPE
COMPENSATION
START
EN
RESET
LOGIC
SS
900mV
REFERENCE
SWITCHOVER
LOGIC
RESET
COMP
N.C./COMP
GM
FB
INTERNAL
COMPENSATION
(FOR E, F VERSIONS)
GND
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Maxim Integrated │ 10
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Detailed Description
The MAX17502 synchronous step-down regulator operates from 4.5V to 60V and delivers up to 1A load current.
Output voltage regulation accuracy meets ±1.7% over
temperature.
The device uses a peak-current-mode control scheme.
An internal transconductance error amplifier generates an
integrated error voltage. The error voltage sets the duty
cycle using a PWM comparator, a high-side current-sense
amplifier, and a slope-compensation generator. At each
rising edge of the clock, the high-side p-channel MOSFET
turns on and remains on until either the appropriate or
maximum duty cycle is reached, or the peak current limit
is detected.
During the high-side MOSFET’s on-time, the inductor
current ramps up. During the second half of the switching
cycle, the high-side MOSFET turns off and the low-side
n-channel MOSFET turns on and remains on until either
the next rising edge of the clock arrives or sink current
limit is detected. The inductor releases the stored energy
as its current ramps down, and provides current to the
output (the internal low RDSON pMOS/nMOS switches
ensure high efficiency at full load).
This device also integrates enable/undervoltage lockout
(EN/UVLO), adjustable soft-start time (SS), and opendrain reset output (RESET) functionality.
Linear Regulator (VCC)
An internal linear regulator (VCC) provides a 5V nominal
supply to power the internal blocks and the low-side
MOSFET driver. The output of the VCC linear regulator
should be bypassed with a 1μF ceramic capacitor to
GND. The device employs an undervoltage-lockout circuit
that disables the internal linear regulator when VCC falls
below 3.7V (typical). The internal VCC linear regulator can
source up to 40mA (typical) to supply the device and to
power the low-side gate driver.
Operating Input Voltage Range
The maximum operating input voltage is determined by
the minimum controllable on-time and the minimum operating input voltage is determined by the maximum duty
cycle and circuit voltage drops. The minimum and maximum operating input voltages for a given output voltage
should be calculated as:
VIN(MIN) =
VOUT + (I OUT(MAX) × (R DCR + 0.47))
D MAX
+ (I OUT(MAX) × 0.73)
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VIN(MAX) =
VOUT
f SW (MAX) × t ON(MIN)
where VOUT is the steady-state output voltage, IOUT(MAX)
is the maximum load current, RDCR is the DC resistance
of the inductor, fSW(MAX) is the switching frequency (maximum) and tON(MIN) is the worst-case minimum switch
on-time (120ns). The following table lists the fSW(MAX)
and DMAX values to be used for calculation for different
versions of the MAX17502:
PART VERSION
fSW (MAX) (kHz)
DMAX
MAX17502E/F/G
640
0.92
MAX17502H
320
0.965
Overcurrent Protection/HICCUP Mode
The device is provided with a robust overcurrent-protection scheme that protects the device under overload and
output short-circuit conditions. A cycle-by-cycle peak current limit turns off the high-side MOSFET whenever the
high-side switch current exceeds an internal limit of 1.65A
(typ). A runaway current limit on the high-side switch current at 1.7A (typ) protects the device under high input voltage, short-circuit conditions when there is insufficient output voltage available to restore the inductor current that
built up during the on period of the step-down converter.
One occurrence of the runaway current limit triggers a
hiccup mode. In addition, if due to a fault condition, output
voltage drops to 71.14% (typ) of its nominal value any
time after soft-start is complete, hiccup mode is triggered.
In hiccup mode, the converter is protected by suspending switching for a hiccup timeout period of 32,768 clock
cycles. Once the hiccup timeout period expires, soft-start
is attempted again. This operation results in minimal
power dissipation under overload fault conditions.
RESET Output
The device includes a RESET comparator to monitor the
output voltage. The open-drain RESET output requires
an external pullup resistor. RESET can sink 2mA of current while low. RESET goes high (high impedance) 1024
switching cycles after the regulator output increases
above 95.5% of the designated nominal regulated voltage. RESET goes low when the regulator output voltage
drops to below 92.5% of the nominal regulated voltage.
RESET also goes low during thermal shutdown. RESET
is valid when the device is enabled and VIN is above 4.5V.
Maxim Integrated │ 11
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Prebiased Output
When the device starts into a prebiased output, both the
high-side and low-side switches are turned off so the
converter does not sink current from the output. Highside and low-side switches do not start switching until
the PWM comparator commands the first PWM pulse, at
which point switching commences first with the high-side
switch. The output voltage is then smoothly ramped up to
the target value in alignment with the internal reference.
Thermal-Overload Protection
Thermal-overload protection limits total power dissipa­tion
in the device. When the junction temperature of the device
exceeds +165°C, an on-chip thermal sensor shuts down
the device, allowing the device to cool. The thermal sensor
turns the device on again after the junc­tion temperature
cools by 10°C. Soft-start resets during thermal shutdown.
Carefully evaluate the total power dissipation (see the
Power Dissipation section) to avoid unwanted triggering of
the thermal-overload protection in normal operation.
Applications Information
Select a low-loss inductor closest to the calculated value
with acceptable dimensions and having the lowest possible DC resistance. The saturation current rating (ISAT)
of the inductor must be high enough to ensure that saturation can occur only above the peak current-limit value
(IPEAK-LIMIT (typ) = 1.65A for the device).
Output Capacitor Selection
X7R ceramic output capacitors are preferred due to their
stability over temperature in industrial applications. The
output capacitor is usually sized to support a step load
of 50% of the maximum output current in the application,
so the output-voltage deviation is contained to ±3% of the
output-voltage change.
For fixed 3.3V output voltage versions, connect a minimum of 22μF (1210) capacitor at the output. For fixed
5V output voltage versions, connect a minimum of 10μF
(1210) capacitor at the output. For adjustable output voltage versions, the output capacitance can be calculated
as follows:
C OUT=
Input Capacitor Selection
The discontinuous input-current waveform of the buck
converter causes large ripple currents in the input capacitor. The switching frequency, peak inductor cur­rent, and
the allowable peak-to-peak voltage ripple that reflects
back to the source dictate the capacitance requirement.
The device’s high switching frequency allows the use of
smaller value input capacitors. X7R capacitors are recommended in industrial applications for their temperature
stability. A minimum value of 2.2μF should be used for the
input capacitor. Higher values help reduce the ripple on
the input DC bus further. In applications where the source
is located distant from the device input, an electrolytic
capacitor should be added in parallel to the 2.2μF ceramic
capacitor to provide necessary damping for potential
oscillations caused by the longer input power path and
input ceramic capacitor.
Inductor Selection
Three key inductor parameters must be specified for
operation with the device: inductance value (L), inductor
saturation current (ISAT), and DC resistance (RDCR). The
switching frequency, and output voltage determine the
inductor value as follows:
L=
1 I STEP × t RESPONSE
×
2
∆VOUT
t RESPONSE ≅
0.33
1
+
fC
f SW
where ISTEP is the load current step, tRESPONSE is the
response time of the controller, ΔVOUT is the allowable
output-voltage deviation, fC is the target closed-loop crossover frequency, and fSW is the switching frequency. Select
fC to be 1/12th of fSW. Consider DC bias and aging effects
while selecting the output capacitor.
Soft-Start Capacitor Selection
The selected output capacitance (CSEL) and the output
voltage (VOUT) determine the minimum required soft-start
capacitor as follows:
-6 x
CSS
CSEL x VOUT
The soft-start time (tSS) is related to the capacitor connected
at SS (CSS) by the following equation:
tSS =
CSS
5.55 x 10-6
2.4 x VOUT
fSW
where VOUT and fSW are nominal values.
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Maxim Integrated │ 12
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Adjusting Output Voltage
The MAX17502E and MAX17502F have preset output
voltages of 3.3V and 5.0V, respectively. Connect FB/VO
directly to the positive terminal of the output capacitor
(see the Typical Applications Circuits).
The MAX17502G/H offer an adjustable output voltage
from 0.9V to 92%VIN. Set the output voltage with a resistive voltage-divider connected from the positive terminal
of the output capacitor (VOUT) to GND (see Figure 1).
Connect the center node of the divider to FB/VO. To
optimize efficiency and output accuracy, use the following
procedure to choose the values of R4 and R5:
For MAX17502G, select the parallel combination of R4
and R5, Rp to be less than 15kΩ. For the MAX17502H,
select the parallel combination of R4 and R5, Rp to be
less than 30kΩ. Once Rp is selected, calculate R4 as:
R4 =
Calculate R5 as follows:
R5 =
Rp × VOUT
0.9
R4 × 0.9
(VOUT - 0.9)
Setting the Input Undervoltage Lockout Level
The device offers an adjustable input undervoltagelockout level. Set the voltage at which the device turns
on with a resistive voltage-divider connected from VIN
to GND (see Figure 2). Connect the center node of the
divider to EN/UVLO.
External Loop Compensation for Adjustable
Output Versions
The MAX17502 uses peak current-mode control scheme
and needs only a simple RC network to have a stable,
high-bandwidth control loop for the adjustable output voltage versions. The basic regulator loop is modeled as a
power modulator, an output feedback divider, and an error
amplifier. The power modulator has DC gain GMOD(dc),
with a pole and zero pair. The following equation defines
the power modulator DC gain:
2
G MOD(dc) =
1
0.4  0.5 - D 
+
+

R LOAD VIN  f SW × L SEL 
where RLOAD = VOUT/IOUT(MAX), fSW is the switching
frequency, LSEL is the selected output inductance, D is
the duty ratio, D = VOUT/VIN.
The compensation network is shown in Figure 3.
RZ can be calculated as:
R Z= 6000 × f C × C SEL × VOUT
where RZ is in Ω. Choose fC to be 1/12th of the switching
frequency.
CZ can be calculated as follows:
CZ =
C SEL × GMOD(dc)
2xRZ
CP can be calculated as follows:
CP =
Choose R1 to be 3.3MΩ, and then calculate R2 as:
R2 =
R1× 1.218
(VINU - 1.218)
VIN
R1
where VINU is the voltage at which the device is required
to turn on. For adjustable output voltage devices, ensure
that VINU is higher than 0.8 x VOUT.
VOUT
R4
1
π × R Z × fSW
EN/UVLO
R2
GND
Figure 2. Adjustable EN/UVLO Network
TO COMP PIN
FB/VO
R5
GND
RZ
CP
CZ
Figure 1. Setting the Output Voltage
Figure 3. External Compensation Network
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Maxim Integrated │ 13
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Power Dissipation
The exposed pad of the IC should be properly soldered to
the PCB to ensure good thermal contact. Ensure the junction
temperature of the device does not exceed +125°C under
the operating conditions specified for the power supply.
At a particular operating condition, the power losses that
lead to temperature rise of the device are estimated as
follows:
(
1
PLOSS =
(POUT × ( - 1)) - I OUT 2 × R DCR
η
)
P=
OUT VOUT × I OUT
where POUT is the output power, η is is the efficiency of
the device, and RDCR is the DC resistance of the output
inductor (refer to the Typical Operating Characteristics
in the evaluation kit data sheets for more information on
efficiency at typical operating conditions).
For a typical multilayer board, the thermal performance
metrics for the 10-pin TDFN package are given as:
θ JA = 67.3°C W
θ JC = 18.2°C W
For a typical multilayer board, the thermal performance
metrics for the 14-pin TSSOP package are given as:
θ JA = 39°C W
θ JC =°
3CW
PCB Layout Guidelines
Careful PCB layout is critical to achieve low switching losses and stable operation. For a sample layout that ensures
first-pass success, refer to the MAX17502 evaluation kit
layouts available at www.maximintegrated.com. Follow
these guidelines for good PCB layout:
1) All connections carrying pulsed currents must be very
short and as wide as possible. The loop area of these
connections must be made very small to reduce stray
inductance and radiated EMI.
2) A ceramic input filter capacitor should be placed close
to the VIN pin of the device. The bypass capacitor for
the VCC pin should also be placed close to the VCC
pin. External compensation components should be
placed close to the IC and far from the inductor. The
feedback trace should be routed as far as possible
from the inductor.
3) The analog small-signal ground and the power ground
for switch­
ing currents must be kept separate. They
should be connected together at a point where switching activity is at minimum, typically the return terminal
of the VCC bypass capacitor. The ground plane should
be kept continuous as much as possible.
4)A number of thermal vias that connect to a large
ground plane should be provided under the exposed
pad of the device, for efficient heat dissipation.
Figure 4, 5, and 6 show the recommended component
placement for MAX17502 in TDFN and TSSOP packages.
The junction temperature of the device can be estimated
at any given maximum ambient temperature (TA_MAX)
from the following equation:
TJ_MAX
= T A _MAX + (θ JA × PLOSS )
If the application has a thermal-management system that
ensures that the exposed pad of the device is maintained
at a given temperature (TEP_MAX) by using proper heat
sinks, then the junction temperature of the device can be
estimated at any given maximum ambient temperature as:
T=
J_MAX TEP_MAX + (θ JC × PLOSS )
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Maxim Integrated │ 14
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
PGND PLANE
VOUT PLANE
C4
L1
C1
EP
VIN PLANE
LX PLANE
R1
R2
RESET
C2
R4
C3
GND PLANE
VIAS TO BOTTOM SIDE PGND PLANE
VIAS TO BOTTOM SIDE VOUT TRACK
VIAS TO BOTTOM SIDE GND PLANE
Figure 4. Recommended Component Placement for MAX17502E/F
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Maxim Integrated │ 15
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
PGND PLANE
VOUT PLANE
C4
L1
C1
LX PLANE
EP
VIN PLANE
R1
R2
RESET
R3
C2
R4
C3
R5
C9
C5
GND PLANE
VIAS TO BOTTOM SIDE PGND PLANE
VIAS TO BOTTOM SIDE VOUT TRACK
VIAS TO BOTTOM SIDE GND PLANE
Figure 5. Recommended Component Placement for MAX17502G
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Maxim Integrated │ 16
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
VOUT PLANE
PGND PLANE
C4
L1
C1
LX PLANE
VIN PLANE
EP
R1
R2
RESET
R3
C2
R4
C3
R5
C9
C5
GND PLANE
VIAS TO BOTTOM SIDE PGND PLANE
VIAS TO BOTTOM SIDE VOUT TRACK
VIAS TO BOTTOM SIDE GND PLANE
Figure 6. Recommended Component Placement for MAX17502H
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Maxim Integrated │ 17
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Typical Applications Circuits
VIN
24V
C1
2.2µF
1210
LX
VIN
1
JU1 2
3
L1
15µH
C4
22µF
1210
R1
3.32MΩ
EN/UVLO
R2
866kΩ
C2
1µF
C3
3300pF
PGND
VOUT
3.3V, 1A
MAX17502E
GND
VCC
FB/VO
SS
L1 = LPS6235-153
RESET
N.C.
RESET
Figure 7. MAX17502E Application Circuit (3.3V Output, 1A Maximum Load Current, 600kHz Switching Frequency)
VIN
24V
C1
2.2µF
1210
LX
VIN
1
JU1 2
3
L1
22µH
R1
3.32MΩ
EN/UVLO
R2
866kΩ
C2
1µF
C3
3300pF
VOUT
5V, 1A
C4
10µF
1210
PGND
MAX17502F
VCC
SS
GND
FB/VO
L1 = LPS6235-223
N.C.
RESET
RESET
Figure 8. MAX17502F Application Circuit (5V Output, 1A Maximum Load Current, 600kHz Switching Frequency)
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Maxim Integrated │ 18
MAX17502
VIN
24V
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
C1
2.2µF
1210
LX
VIN
1
JU1 2
3
EN/UVLO
R2
316kΩ
C3
6800pF
VOUT
12V, 1A
C4
10µF
1210
R1
3.32MΩ
C2
1µF
PGND
R4
174kΩ
MAX17502G
GND
VCC
FB/VO
SS
R5
14kΩ
COMP
C9
12pF
L1
47µH
RESET
R3
20kΩ
RESET
L1 = MSS1038-473
C5
2200pF
Figure 9. MAX17502G Application Circuit (12V Output, 1A Maximum Load Current, 600kHz Switching Frequency)
VIN
24V
C1
2.2µF
1210
LX
VIN
1
JU1 2
3
C4
47µF,
1210
R1
3.32MΩ
EN/UVLO
R2
1MΩ
C2
1µF
C3
6800pF
PGND
VCC
SS
VOUT
2.5V, 1A
R4
69.8kΩ
MAX17502H
COMP
C9
47pF
L1
22µH
GND
FB/VO
R5
39.2kΩ
RESET
RESET
R3
16.9kΩ
C5
3300pF
L1 = LPS6235-223
Figure 10. MAX17502H Application Circuit (2.5V Output, 1A Maximum Load Current, 300kHz Switching Frequency)
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Maxim Integrated │ 19
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Ordering Information/Selector Guide
PART
PIN-PACKAGE
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
SWITCHING
FREQUENCY (kHz)
MODE
MAX17502EATB+
10 TDFN-EP*
3.3
600
PWM
MAX17502FATB+
10 TDFN-EP*
5
600
PWM
MAX17502GATB+
10 TDFN-EP*
Adjustable
600
PWM
MAX17502HAUD+
14 TSSOP-EP*
Adjustable
300
PWM
+Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package.
*EP = Exposed pad.
Chip Information
PROCESS: BiCMOS
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Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns
(footprints), go to www.maximintegrated.com/packages. Note
that a “+”, “#”, or “-” in the package code indicates RoHS status
only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but
the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.
PACKAGE
TYPE
PACKAGE
CODE
OUTLINE
NO.
LAND PATTERN
NO.
10 TDFN
T1032N+1
21-0429
90-0082
14 TSSOP
U14E+3
21-0108
90-0119
Maxim Integrated │ 20
MAX17502
60V, 1A, Ultra-Small, High-Efficiency,
Synchronous Step-Down DC-DC Converter
Revision History
REVISION
NUMBER
REVISION
DATE
PAGES
CHANGED
DESCRIPTION
0
5/12
Initial release
1
11/12
Added MAX17502G and MAX17502H to data sheet
1–17
—
2
1/13
Added dotted line for exposed pad in Pin Configuration, and added
explanation on detailed condition for RESET
9, 11
3
8/14
Updated General Description, Benefits and Features, Pin Description, and
Adjusting Output Voltage sections.
4
6/15
Added output voltage to TOC captions
1, 9, 13
8–12, 16–18, 22, 23
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim Integrated’s website at www.maximintegrated.com.
Maxim Integrated cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim Integrated product. No circuit patent licenses
are implied. Maxim Integrated reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and max limits)
shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.
Maxim Integrated and the Maxim Integrated logo are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
© 2015 Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. │ 21
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