1938 By Pickrell,

1938 By Pickrell,
TWENTY-lroURl'H ANNUAL REPORT
of
TEE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE
By Chas.
U.
Pickrell, Director
FOR THE FISCAL 'YEAR :ENDED JUNE
30, 1938
INCLUDING A REPORT ON PROJECT WORK
TO NOVE.VIl3ER
30, 1938.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Appointments
Publications
and
ReSignations
••••••••••••••••••••••••
.
.3
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
5
............... "
County Agent- Work
Agricultural
Conservation
Rodent Control
Program
..................
Field and Office Activities
Home Demonstration Work
Economics
••••••••••••••••
26
.
.28
"
,
••••••••••••••••••••••
29
'
..........................
Field and Office Activities
Agricultural
2
...
"
.
,
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
43
•
47
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••
51
Clothing
•••'..........................................
54
Dairying
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
56
Agronomy-
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
and Girls'
Boys'
l!ln.tomologylionle
•••••••
ManageDlen t
Horticulture
Poul try
Rural
Club Work
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
".......
" •• "
., ••••••••••••
II
"..........................
59
61
..................................•......
••••••••••
Socio1o:gy-
"".....................................
"
".
69
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
73
•••••••••••
Soils and Irrigation
66
0
ORGANIZATION
President of the·University
Acting Dean of the College of Agriculture
Director of Agricultural Extension Service
Alfred Atkinson, D.Sc ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Ralph Sems Hawkins, Ph.D
Chas. U. Pickrell, B.A.� •••••••••••••••••
•••••••••••••••••
COUNTY AGRICULTURAL AG:ENTS
D.W. Rogers, B·S.
A� Mark Bliss, B.S.
Charles G. Lueker, B.S.
Sam W. Armstrong, B.S.
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
•
•
Stephen
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••.•••
•
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Owens, B.S
Kenneth A. Boevers, B.S.
I.H. O'tDell, B.S.
L.
'
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
••••••••
.
�....................................
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Apache County
Co'chise County
Coconino County
Gila County
GrE�am.County
Greenlee County
Maricopa County
•
D.E. creighton, B.S., Assistant
Maricopa ,County
Fred Draper, B.S., Assistant
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Maricopa,County
Charles Hobart, M·S., Assistant
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Maricopa County
Iohn McLernon, B.S.
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Navajo County
Cornelius B. Brown, B.S.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Pirra��ounty
*1m. K. Cloud, B.S., Assistant •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Pima County
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Pima County
Clyde E. Houston, B·S., Assistant
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
KelVin K. Henness, M.S.
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Edwin S. Turville
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Glenn E.
Chas. M.
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Blackledge, B.S.
Cochran, Co. Agent at .La.rge, .B.S. .••• ;.........................
_
Pinal County
Yavapai County
Yuma:County
Pima
County
HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENTS
Frances L. Brovm, B.S., B.A.,
Bertha 1. Vlr.mond, B·A.
Flossie Wills Barmes, B.S.
•
••••••••••••••••••••••
State Home Demonstration Agent,
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
•
Cochise
Cpunty
Graham and Greenlee counties,
•••••••••••••••••••••••••
Ry-an, M·A.
Maricopa County
Lora E. Oakley, B.S.,Assistant
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• �
Maricopa County
Isabell Pace. B.S.
�
Navaj 0 and Apache counties
Evelyn A. Bentley, M.S ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Pima County
K. Alberta Harris, B.S., A.B.
Pinal and Gila count Lea
lariel Hopkins, M.S ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Yuma
Graoe
..
,.
•••
••
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
••
•
••••••
•
••
*
It................
.
.
•
..
County
EXTE�SION SPECIALISTS
Howard R. Baker, B.S.
.u��o
B.
Ballantyne,l
'!'hew Huber, M·S.
Olyde F. Rowe, B·S
Lloyd B. Shinn, B.S
,Harvey. F. Tate, B.S
o.
Boys!"Jand Girls' Club SpeCialist
SpeCialist in Rural Sociology
Extension Specialist in Home Management
Extension Specialist in Poultry and Dairy HusbandrY
Extension SpeCialist in Fe.rm Management and Marketing
"'...............................
M·S.
�
••
•
'"'
'
Extension
•••••••••••••
••••
1O
•••••
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••.••••••••
Margilret
M.S.
*
•
••••
On leave beginning J"une 23, 1937.
Extension Horticulturist
Clothing and !lome Furn1sh1n�s
Extension Specialist in Agronomy and Irrigation
Extension
Watson,
aOY O. Westley, M.S ••••••••••••••
E.
SpeCialist
in
TWBflY-FOURTH .ANNUAL REPORl' OF THE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE
By
Charles U. Pi okrell t Director
Extension work
was
carried
on
by twelve county agricul ture1
agents, tour assistant county agricultural agents,
agent 'at large,
state home demonstration
a
stration agents,
one
agent,
assistant home demonstration
county
one
seven
home demon-
agent, and eight
specie.lists.
The only
new.
appointment made during the fiscal year
was
,
that ot Charles M.
large
on
Cochran to the position of county agent at
December 1 t 1937.
The extension editor
replaced.
resigned
in
1anuary, 1938,
The assistant county agent in PilLa County
of absence tor
a
year and
resigned
-1-
in June of 1938.
and
was
was
on
not
leave
APPOnrDlENTS AND RESIGNATIONS
July 1, 1937
Appointments during
'Charles )(.
KiSs
the year
to June
30,
1938
ending June 30, 1938,
Cochran, County Agent
at
as
were
Large, appointment
follows:
effective
Decemberl, 1937.1
IIary' Bokorne, Stenographer, Agricultural Extension Service,
appointment effective December 1, 1937.
!he following resignations
were
submitted and accepted:
14:rs. Kernlce Murphy, Extension Ed! tor, lanua17 28, 1938.
Willi_ IC.
The
Cloud,
following
}4l'S. Nellie
Assistant
tranSfers
County Agent,
were
Pima
County, June 30, 1938.
:made:
Campion, transf'erred trom post t ion of Secretary, Agrl cuI tural
Extension Servie'e, to position of Administrative Assistant, Agricultural
Extension Bervice, July 1, 1937.
lirs. Agnes Miller, transferred from position of' Stenographer, Agricultural
Extension Service, to position 01' Stenographer, Agricultural Experiment
Statton, September .27,
1937.
ON LEAVE
william te•. Cloud, Assistant County Agricultural
lune 23,'1937,
for six months.
'-2-
Agent,
P1me.
County,
PUBLICATIONS
During the period J'uly 1,
pub�lcatlons were issued:
7,500 copies, Extension
�zQDa"
5,000 copieS, Extension
1,400 copies, Extension
1937 to lune
Circular No.
76,
�e
50, 1938,
the
following
Home Vegetable Garden in
(Revised).
Circular No.
roe, "Control
Circular "Arizona
of Root Rot."
Agricultur� Situation,
1938."
In addition to the printed circulars, mimeographed material was
supplied in sufficient quanti ties to meet immediate needs. The following
l1st carries the important mimeographed circulars issued during the year:
200 copie., tt4-H Clothing, Third Year."
copies, "4-1i Clothing, Fourth ·Year."
,250
,200
350
100
100
150
500
200
,200
,200
200
.200
250
Clothing, Fifth Year."
"Garden Club Lessons."
tt4-II Handicraft, First Year."
"4-11 Handicraft; Second Year."
"4-BrHorse Club Outline."
"4-R Keal Planning, First Year.ft
tt4-H Meal Planning, Second Year."
"4-H Meal Planning, Third Year."
"4-H Meal Planning, Fourth Year."
,,� Meal Planning, Fifth Year."
�usic Appreciation."
"4-H
copies,
copIes,
copi'es,
copies,
copies,
copies,
copies,
copies,
oopies t
copies,
copies,
copies,
,,� Club
Songs."
Enterprise Analysis."
"Acala Cotton
110.copies,
copies, "Cattle, Sheep,. and Hay Situation."
SOo copies, "Per Acre Costs of Growing Lettuce."
300 copies, "C'are of Clothing."
100 'copies, "Circular Skirt Chart."
300 copies, "Collars and Other Neck Finishes."
500
·500 copies, ",Common Descriptive Terms Applied to Fa.brics."
1,000 copies, "Fundamental Knitting Stitches."
200 copies, "Kni tUng Graph.'"
�
.
300 copies,
"Regulating the-Sewing¥achine."
75 copies, "Seams."
300 copi,es, "Secret� f9r Dyeing Fabrics."
300 copies, "Sleeves."
500 copies, "Washing and. Blocking �itted Garments."
300 copies, "Dairy Feed Production and storage."
315 copies, "Herd Improvement Assoc�ation Notes for months of' �uly, August,
september, October, Novem.ber, December, J"anuary, February,
Karch, April" May., and J"une."
-.Kerd Improvement Associati�nADhual Report."Basic Principles of'Hom.e'Furnishings."
"Buying Blankets."
"Buying Sheets and Pillowcases."
'
400
400
100
200
500
500
500
copies,
copies,
copies,
copies,
copies, "Closet and Storage Spaces for the Home."
oopies, "Color and Its Application in the Home."
copt'es, "Color Wheel for Colo:r;' Harmony."
�
-3-
eoo oopies, "curtain Suggestions tor Your Kitchen
200 copies, �iture Renovation.'
500 copies, ".Home Acoount Keepers."
1,000 oopies, "iltehen Floor Coverings_"
375
ftKltohen·Planning."
50G
"Planning the Homemakers t TiJIle."
"Summary of Arizona Family Ll ting Costs."
"Directions· for Use ot Ammonium Sulphate tor Treatment ot
copies,
copies.
300 copies.
200 copies,
.
"
..
Trees and Shrubs Infected with Root Rot."
500 copies, "Diseases of the Rose in Arizona."
500 copies, "Flower Planting Outline."
300 copies, "Landscaping the Home Grounds."
300 copies, "List of Hardy Perennial Flowers."
300 copies, "Rose Pruning in Southern Arizona."
500 copies, "Some Ornamental Trees Which Do Well."
300 copies, ".Allnual Sumtna.ry' of Poultry lIlortall ty Study."
200 copies, "Egg Compartment Laying Nests."
525 copies, "Ever Normal Gran8.ry'."
500 copies, "Sponge Cakes."
500 copies, "Suggestions to.Aid in Radio Presentation for
Subjects.
Agricultural
TABLE 1.
-
FINANOIAL SUPPOJ:<'l'
'Summary o� Expenditures by Projects, Sho�ng Sources Of Funds 'for Extension
Act, J"uly 1, 1937
to June
..
·
Federal Funds
..
Smith-
:
,Capper-
:
:
Lever
:
Ketcham
:
Cooperative
..
Projedts
:
Total
..
·
:
county Agent
:
work
Home Demonstration work
Boys' and Girls'
88,134 98
:
..
:
28,119.61
·
·
Specialists
:
Rural
Sociology
Extension
Editor
Home Mgt.
Total
Expendi-
tures
Unexpended
Balance
TOTAL
:
:
·
•
·
·
..
..
:
·
·
·
0<
29t939.42:
7,376.25:
:
:
:
:
11,.343.06:
12,672.72:
:
t
..
.5,641.94
:
5,592.56:
4;�r�54 ';
608.39
:
4,115.1'�:.
606.64:
5,656.89:
5,711.98
3,986.95
:
3,941 35:
:
4,034.07
:
:
3,661+.51
:
345.16:
416.54:
.
'
..
'
:
:
5,179.97
·
::
5,179.97:
..
2,789.75
:
4,635.15
..
:
:
.
.
.....
:
..
·
..
·
1,867.16:
t
..
·
..
:
....
:
.
...
..
..
.
...
:
....
·
....
.
...
·
•
•••
·
3,661.08
..
..
••••
:
•
3,247.97
·
••••
·
·
•
..
..
.
....
t
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
::
85,117.85:
22,643.99:
::
:
:
..
..
:
..
..
.
..
:
.
..
..
..
.85.117.8'5:
2,267.74
..
9,200.00
.
.) ..
9,200.00
..
·
..
...
...
·
..
.
..
.
-
..
::
0
..
:
172,346.48
..
·
••••
2,367.41:
::
·
..
::
·
1,1
..
:
2,789.75:
.....
$ 26,720.11:$11,9
..
..
:
·
.
.....
...
..
..
..
..
..
:
.
..
...
..
:
••••
·
·
.
and S
:
..
·
:
:
..
.....
Coll
....
0
,
·
Fu
:
.
·
••••
..
Offset
Funas
:
....
27.83:
27.83::
un
:
:
..
·
·
·
27.84:
..
·
:
..
·
·
·
.,
....
..
·
.....
..
·
·
:
e-
••••
..
..
..
23.21
:
:
·
:
;
Poultry-Dairy
Agronomy
l'..gri c. Econ.
Clothing
t
.....
Club work
Horticulture
Livestock
r
,Additional
:$ 14,161.14 :$11,357.45: $ 2,311.52: $
:
1,466.50 : 1,466.50:
Administration
Publications
·
·
·
.
,
Work
3(}, 1938
•
•
:
..
.
...
..
.
...
·
..
..
..
..
..
..
·
..
.
..
::
::
.
.
..
28,587.27: 13,1
..
..
..
.
....
..
28,587.27:
COUNTY
Extension work
ot .Arizona .wi th
carried
in twelve ot the fourteen counties
on
oounty agents and six assistant county
statt ot twelve
a
Pinal County requested
agents.
_s
was
AGENT WORK
assistant county
an
appointed to till this position
October 1 •. Only
on
_de in the personnel ot the county agents;
Pima County resigned
'assist�t agent
on
June 50" at,ter
who had served
agent, end
a
the
one
a new man
change
was
'assistant county agent in
leave of absence of six months. The
during his absence
was
formally appointed
at
that tae.
Although
most ot the
project
work has been conducted in
with the subject matter specialists,
each field is
a
brief
resume
cooperation
of the county work in
given.
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGmaN'l'
A study in
has
Cochise County
in several farmers
result.ad
the market demands;
and
they
are
preparation ot products
of local markets for
changing their planting outlines
also
giving
for market.
Greenlee
8. new
was
County
made in
made
Coconino County bean growers have
with the
thirty :rield trips
of
project cpnsisting
manageaent,
cooperation
specialist.
for crop
irrigation
the
been
and
hay
on
irrigation districts
giTen to
the rural
hand;
cost of pro­
The agent in
planning,
selection, livestock
water.
The agent in Maricopa County has assisted in
cattle, sheep,
a
in the interest of farm
drawing up plans
and the efficient use of
to meet
attention to the selection
more
been furnished with market information by the agent,' and
duction study
and eggs
vegetables
a
survey of feeder
cooperative survey reports
were
made tor
and distributed to farmers in the county;
sociology department ot the University
-5-
of
aid has
.Al-lzona
in a study of incomes of cotton pickers through records being kept by
cooperating
in
The agent in Pinal County has assisted forty farmers
farmers.
adjusting their cropping
and
assistance relative to leases;
Due
tion credit.
organization
ot
partially
growers
on
a
UniverSity in
Timely
study of
a
agent in this county,
pickers'
ot
a
bl-weekly letter prepared by the agent.
received attention in Yuma
particular emphasis
growers'
result of
on
pecan
and
Yavapai
Cooperative
C.ounty,
with
hay producers' associations. As
arrangements for timely market information from the California
Hay Growers' Association,. Yuma County hay producers
more
and
wages.
market information has been issued to.farmers in
means
and grain
sociology department of
marketing associations have
a
Turkey
marketing conditions,
to assist the rural
cotton
an
cotton and disbursements
patronage basis among far.mers.
to
given
were
given aid in securing produc­
ginning of
given information relative
were
County by
were
to the efforts ot the
cooperators have been secured
the
and 22
has been tormed for the
ginning profits
eighteen
farming system;
per ton for their
have received
$2.00
hay than they had previously received.
Asronomy
Work in this field is of major i.m.portance in
Arizona and receives
Small Grains:
some
to be of
great importance in most
Small grain tests have beeh conducted in
Coconino. 'Graham, Greenlee, MariCOpa, Navajo, Pi:m.a,
including plantings
rye.
of
counties of
attention in six other counties.
Variety tests continue
of the counties.
seven
and
Cochise,
Yavapai
counties
wheat, barley, oats, corn, sorghums, soybeans, end
To date, soybean plantings have not been successtul, due to shattering.
-6-
selection ot improved seed has been successfully stressed in five
Maricopa County
counties.
and
registration.,
as
encouraged the growing of pure
seed for
result has a', surplus 'of various kinds of small
Pinal County reported that 100 per cent of the milo maize
grain seed.
and hagari planted
farmers
a
has
was
88 farmers
planted registered seed;
and 6 growers produced
Yuma co�ty reported
certified seed.
that 78
planted approved varieties;
The efforts of the agent in
registered seed.
county have resulted in tour tar.mers treating small grain
one
seed before
planting to control smut�
The Cochise County agent urged the
and one grower tried it with
teste in
planting �all grains
The agent in Yavapai
to use small
root rot;
He has also
success.
some
on
flood
County
test
carried
on
field
irrigated lands.
has used his influence to
grains in their old alfalfa plots
one
barley for winter pasture,
of
use
plot has been established
as
of
a means
to carry
on
a
get farmers
controlling
demonstration
of this work.
The
Coconino
use
and
Yavapai
The
LegUmes:
of fertilizer
use
four counties.
of
on
small
counties.
legumes
for green
lespedeza,
substitutes for
produced twice
manure
In addition to alfalfa,
have been used in this project.
made of
grains has received attention in
ladino
Reasonably
clover,
alfalfa, although
as
much feed
Fertilizer tests
on
as
sour
sweet
crops has been
clover, cowpeas
successful
clover,
l:avapai-County
cowpeas
legume crops
counties.
-7-
or
emphasized in
and
plantings
cowpeas and
soybeans
have been
soybeans
as
reported that alfalfa
soybeans.
have been conducted in three
Alfalfa production for hay and seed is especially important in
Yuma County.
Result denonstratlons have been conducted
on
the
use
of
fertilizers and ondustlng operations tor the co�trol ot lygus and penA total ot 106 tarmers have
tatamids.
..
adopted
the �se of fertilizers
on
--"i
alfalfa
on
4,659
reglstetiea .aeed
Cotton.:
County have produced
including Chilean, Hairy Peruvian,
and Ladak varieties.
Twenty-one
Cotton is of major
is grown to
adapte'
,
growers in Yuma
acres.
some
imp�rtance
in five counties of the state and
extent in two other counties.
The
use
of pure seed of
varieties and the formation ot one-variety cotton
groups have received
greatest.
attention this yeex.
reported that most of their grower-s used pure
improvement
Graham County
seed last year;
Maricopa
.
county reported also that their growers used pure seed last year, EDd
that
a
parent planting'of 20
acres
of cotton
Arizona will be able to maintain its
County
Pinal
has
registered Acala
County reported
certified
through
cotton in the
16',000 pounds
that
the Crop
recommendations
as
to
made in the
hope that
pure seed requirements.
Ptma
Crop Improvement Program,
end
of seed have been sacked end
Improvement Association.
County have produced registered seed,
ing
own
was
Five growers in Yuma
and most of the growers
are
follow-
variety.
Cotton improvement associations have been formed in the five major
counties, inc1uding
21 groups.
Cultural recommendations have been made to farmers in the different
areas, and assistance in the control of disease and insect pests
has been given.
Cost of production stUdies
were
made in GrahaE
on
cotton
County;
surveys 'of the relation between cultural practices and yields have been
made and reported in Graham end Maricopa counties.
-e-
and
Uoconino County
M1.cellaneQus;
only county that produced pinto
the
The agent reported much improvement in
beans cOJllDlerc1ally last year.
methods of harvesting and
was
The agent has given t he bean growers
threshing.
assistance in t he control of insect pests and in general cultural practices.
Yuma Oounty has undertaken the production of flax
a
fairly
new
production ot this crop,
farmers have started
Approximately- 70
indust17.
as
al� of them using varieties recommended by the agent.
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Work in animal husbandry condu.cted by t he agents has included
efforts to improve livestock
selection of
through
breeding stock, feeding
practices, and disease control; to better range conditions through develop.ent of water
fattening of
with
supplies, reseeding,
of Livestock'::'
and cost ot
to encourage the
control;
beet cattle and lambs for market;
marketing into�atlon
llrlprovement
and weed
a
nd to assist ranch operators
production studies.
Demonstrations have been conducted in three
counties in livestock judging to give stocmen
selection of breeding stock;
a
three other county
better basis for the
a
gents have given
ind 1vi dual assistance to rancbmen in the selection of
including
beef
cattle, sheep, SWine,
tions have been
given
in two
and horses.
counties in
an
breeding stock,
Dehorning
demonstra-
effort to further this
practice
among cattle shippers.
All
agents
feeding problems.
in range counties have
Disease
�ontrol
a
work this year has included assistance
With vaccinations for distemper in horses in
OJIIy'eli tis in horses in f our counties of
been given in the treatment of
by agents
ance
cancer
in counties which had
has been
given
no
prod ucers with their
ssisted
one
count� and for encepha�-
t he state.
eyes,
General
a
ssistance has
pink eye, weed poisoning, etc ••
veterinary services available.
to livestock shows in
eight counties
Ass1st-
to increase
interest in purebred and grade animals, especially beef catt1e and horses.
Better Range Conditions:
The
majority
of this work
Wi th the
Agricultural Conservation Range Program.
approved
for
and included
of the fourteen counties of the state and included the
springs. drilling of wells,
Contouring
end Pima counties with
soiled
area
gave
a
end
some
construction of- earthen
subsoiling have
penetration of only five inches.
was
done,in Cochise end Navajo counties.
was
practiced
and
some
tanks. dams,
reported
of
end
in Cochise
on
that the sub-
the unsubsoiled
penetration of two feet While
a
development
been ca.rried
Pima County
success.
had
counties
practices
Water development received attention in thirteen
compliance.
reservoirs.
done in connection
was
area
Water spreading to control erosion
Deferred
reseeding work
is
grazing
in several
done in Cochise
being
and Coconino counties.
The agent is working in cooperation with the Soil
Conservation Service in
an
and to a.ssist in this work has
,grasse's J giving al ti tude,
se8aon�1 advantages, end
improve range cover
effort to
in
Yavapai County t
compiled the characteristics
soil and moisture preference,
of 50 range
food value J
other commercial characteristics.
In addition to the work done under the program, the agents have
coope.rated with
Arizona in
a
the an1me�
study being
husbandry departDlent
of the Uni versi ty of
made of range gresses to determine whether
or
not nutritional deficiencies occur 'in different sections of the state.
Apache, Coconino, Greenlee, Navajo,
cluded in this
every county where livestock is
ment of
ot
Yavapai counties
are
being
in-
study.
Control of noxious weeds
problems
and
on
the range has received attention in
produced,
th'e 11 vestock producer.
hay received
was
as
it is
one
of the
Apa.che County reported that
found to be mixed with broadlesf
-10-
principel
a
ship-
milkweed, and
showed that the field in which the hey
investigation
reported. �hat" grubbi�g
most successful.
tor two years
Navajo County
in succession had
In Pima
cooperative study of borroweed., with
the
as
final.
Poison hemlock
but since it
urged
been
interesting rela.tionships have
Arizona, to
of
University
was
too
was
pastures
that
a
where it
be teken
once
during
of Beef' Cattle end L�bs:
County t
cattlemen
were
(ound.
The
was
test made in the control of'
Whorled milkweed showed that the most effective
Fattening
cannot
but
for control measures,
to fence of'f areas in their
been to pull the weeds just
occurrence.
found in many sections of Greenlee
prevalent
Yavapai County Agent reported
indicated,
on
agent has begun
the
County
determine the relation between so11 conditions and burroweed
Some
proved
has set up result demonstrations
.215 acres inf'ested with loco weed.
a.
was
County Agent
The Cochise
or more
grOl\lD.
Burroweed control is
infested with different varieties of milkweed.
being tri'ed in Cochise and Pima. counties.
was
the
of control had
means
blooming period.
Three counties of the state have
considerable fattening of beet cattle an� lambs, although Maricopa
County reports
some
last year, due to the low price
gradually becoming
being fattened
reduction in the number of' cattle
a
cattle
paid for
fat cattle.
feeding area. and
the
Pins,l County is
agent
has assisted
every cattleman in the county wi t-)1 problems of pasture manegement
feeding
in Yuma
t
and
marketing.
County,
and the
disease control. to
a
,
Cattle feeding has been steadily inc�easing
agent has given information
majority
Apache County reported that
on
rations and
of the cB,ttle feeders in the
two livestock
cattle and calves, and assistance
was
producers
given
-11-
were
to them in
county.
feeding
selecting rations,
using in
so
tar
possible locally produced teed.
as
The agents in two beef cattle producing counties
Merketly, Intol'l18.tlon:
have maintained listing sheets ot cattle tor sale and have issued them
to
app:rox1me.tely, 300
given
to livestoCk
cattle
producers
Market information has also been
buyers.
in two other counties.
costs has been started in Cochise
County
A
study of range
to determine i1' the
range has any definite correlation with costs ot
production.
Miscellaneous:
are
production
in
The northern counties of Arizona
sires for sale to
producing purebred
County
interested in the
Producers in two counties have shown.
of wool.
has worked out
producers.
type of
an
interest
The agent in Yavapai
cooperative project with the Forest Service end
a
the Soil Conservation Service to 'Undertake the task ot determining the
true effect ot grazing by goats
-
northern counties
have
on
cooperated
Tbe agents of the
the range.
with the Arizona M ohair Growers. Assocl�
ation-in connection with marketing problems.
The agent in Graham County has given assistance to farmers in
bette'r sani tat10n methods in the production ot
hogs.'
BOYS' .AND GIRLS' CLUBS
Eleven of the county agents reported 4-H Clubs organized in
agricultural subjects.
as
Six counties have carried livestock projects
their main 4-H Club acti v� ty; other work has included poultry, reb bi t
e,otton, handicraft,
study
clubs.
-Rangers,"
home
beautification, gardening,
The Yavapai County agent organized
under the
leadership
of
a
a
camp,
and nature
club called the
forest ranger. which is
range plants and range management.
-12-
studying
,
one ..e1atant county agent in Maricopa
+i Club
L8Il
La
work
ad,
result, has
more
i, JOPlble in other counties.
One
as
be. _de ilL this
e.
county in
dale for their club work.
an
interesting development
new
effort to assist boys in
care
..
one
At the end ot the year
,
the
b01 has
to pay cash for the
opportunity
original animal
lve the best gilt to the holder of the contract.
It into effect with
t to
loan�d
for the animal for
,
Ile
�
purchasing
Four business firms in the county
recommended boar
a
of
...
time to give to 4-H Club ",ork
).ey to ten boll, who signed contracts to
.er ant to breed it to
'"CDun�� "charge
dail'f, beet J
u4giD.g
te8l1 ud
a
but if
hogs,
and sheep
successful,
projects.
This plan
it is
Mari cope.
planned
County
was
or
to
first
to extend
also trained
8
demonstration teem to represent Arizona at the
DAIRYING
COUll� eaents
IfOl'k with
in eleven counties have carried
special emphasis
ree41D& rations, llsing
as
di.eale oont1'01; end the
improved methods
on
much
use
as
on
routine da.iry
of seni tation j
possible feeds produced
on
improved
the farm;
of better sires.
Dlle luge1,. to the efforts of the agent in Greenlee County, the
�� 4elr,r.aen
in that county tested their herds for Bangs· disease
8Ild rac>Tea the reactors found.
cooperated
with the U.S. Bureau of Aniiu
te8tllS 48117
I
The agents in all other counties have
berds tor Bengs' disease.
Industry
in the work of
Testing for tuberculosis has
alao been cOuduoted in IlOst of the counties, and the res.ctors removed.
�
a
re8Ult
o�
thiS
work,
most of the herds in Arizona
-13-
are
free from
Grell_
that
�t1 ".eported
two pure bred bulls had been
through
purchased
the efforts of the
in :two communi ties;
ler1copa Count,r stated that nearly all dairymen
sires tor
in their herds.
use
agent
and
purchasing
were
proven
A program of erti:fici8.1. insemination has
also been started in Marl copa County dairy herds
•
.
The agent in
production
of cbeese and
25,000 pounds
dairyman
Agent
has
at butter
butter,
have shown
i8
en
becoming
However, only
in each year.
two commercial.
16 farm dairies with ration plens.
one
The Navajo County
dalry buildings and helped
organizations
TwO
of cheese .and
15,000 pounds
commercial seale.
on a.
plens tor
to increase the
urged farmers
because
shipped
ere
produced cheese
aSSisted with
has
Apache Count)T
in pima
County
interest "in marketing of milk J because "outside competition
m.ore of a
problem.
ENGINEERING
The agents �erve in
which arise
to
one
Countr
on
the farm
cattleman in
were
aided in
•.
an
advisory capacity
The agent in Gila
laying
a new
pipeline.
.
one
demonstration in water
aided in
County
spreading,
locating and planning
g1 ven assistance
Fourteen ranchers in Pima
tanks.
The Pinal County
end four 11 vestock
The agent in
devoted cODsiderable time to the continuation of
water conditions in the Chino
has
construction of thirty earthen
ple.nning
five in the construction' of masonry dams.
up
engineering problems
on
Valley
artesian
a
tanks, and
Agent
men
set
were
Yavapai County
survey of
district,
ground-
and has assisted
federal agenCies to begin work in water development in that county.
-14-
IN'r<IIOLOGY
!he
principal lIOrlt'in
in the various counties.
grasshoppers
in their
County agents
dlatrlote, and gave demonstrations
PoisOll bait
.
this field has been the control of
was
the
made leaders
of
poison bat t.
use
aVailable through 'the agents, and faxmers
�d.
given assistance in ita appUcation.
IUce••tully
on
were
controUlag
Eight of the counties reported
,outbreaks in their terri tory.
The
one
back in the progr8Jl1 _s the ru.llng that only range land whi ch
adjacent to irrigated 1811d could be treated with
nished by the gOYernaent.
However,
were
ranchers
assistance end much ot the range land
was
the free
were
dra.w­
was
fur­
poison
given individual
treated with
poison bait also.
Other work of the agents in the field of insect control
of
was
a
gea.ral aatve, COve.ring
the:,tieeds
G�Count1 Agent a8ve
assistance to tar.mers in the control of aphis,
of the different sections.
harvester ants, and tlatheaded borers.
Aphis, borers, cutworms, plant
bugs, webwOl'Il8, tel'll1tes, ants, leafhoppers
lOIle
in Maricopa
County.
proved to be qll1te sll'cce,sstul.
fields,
with
were
trouble­
'lbe agent
schedule which would avoid in
use
of
ladybird beetles, which
The cotton bollworm. appea.red in
and one farmer used the
SOIle success.
and beetles
Pima County has given special attention' to
the control ot cottoa aphis through the
of
The
Trickigramma
is also
so
fer
trying
as
as
a
a
number
control measure
to work out
a
planting
possible the Southwestern
corn
stalk borer.
The agent in Yuma County has conducted dusting demonstrations tor
the coatrol
of'lygus
and
penta.temids
on
a.lfalfa and cotton.
ItretiOD8 have shown that dusting does control them
-15-
to
some
These demon­
extent, but
ihe i&Q\ lleB ll.fl recommended the practice to the smaller cotton fermers
J
beoause of the expense involved in comparison with the price 'of cotton
at the
ple.tnt tilt••
HORTICULTURE
Interest
seems to be
increasing in horticultural work, especially
in 'the production ot deciduous fruits, pecans and walnuts.
been
pl&eecl by
the
agents
OD
Fmphasis
has
orchard management, home beauti!i cation,
_11 berry culture, potato production, and gardening.
Orollard
to
Speeis.l
!anKement:
pruning d8JlOnstratioDS
on
phase of the work
attention in this
deciduous trui t trees in Cochise,
given
was
Gila,
Graham and Kari·cope counties; and budding and grafting pecan and walnut
tree8 111
Cochise, Gila, Greenlee,
and
Maricopa
di8ea8es and insect pests have occupied
agents.
OD
plach trees, good
eulJ)mr, peach
in
spraying for
�11a County reported
cle8D. up
cooperators
oause
det1n1 te
in
measures
was
that by
have
drop in apple
tor this
the control of the
codling moths
Navajo County
ot blossom
reason
as
having
The agent in Graham. County has found that by using
have used it in their orchards with
the
of ca.1cium nitrate
chlorosis may be controlled in that section.
have be. given;
t�
use
crops have been secured from trees marked
�ty demonstrations
general
Orchard
of the attention of the
OocOBino Oounty has found that by the
peach chlorosis.
end
some
counties.
can
be
-16-
codling moth
success.
a
controlled.
Twenty-
spraying machine
and
A
on
trees of Coconino
found.
Apache
using Beta Naphtol bends
purchased
some
In
study
was
County,
made
but
no
fIl...., h Y_ Oouat'1 has carried
on
fertilizer tests with
ptoan trtel an4 o1trus 'trees, which indicated that ammonium phosphate
ll-ltS
was
_st.: ,IUOceastu1 tor pecans and that the
fertilizers
Citrus
on
The 11S. of
.ted in Graham
.de
can
audS. pots tor
more
oar.
are
enent.
deoiduous orcha.rds has been advo­
-
through
tarmer$
some
of commercial
the
agent's
demonstrations
on
them in their home orchards.
using
have assisted those interested with methods and dates of
of different
plants, pruning,
In this won several
home­
This work has been stressed in ti ve counties.
Home Beaut1flcQ'tion:
aatnts
and
Count,.,
audge pot .• ,.
be reduced to'
use
and
public buildings
planning
have been
attract'te
The
planting,
landscapes.
landscaped
and
private
_s improv�d.
&nall Bush Fruits:
Four counti.es h.ave been interested in the production
of small fruits and have made variety
plantings
to determine
.oat suitable tor the various sections of the State.
proTea
to be suc,cesstul in the southern
part ot the State.
in nematode infested a.reas,
berries could be obtained.
special, study
report
as
Gardening:
field.
were
Boysenberries have
Coooalno 'County tound that by the application of goat
berry plantings located
which
The agent in
straw­
on
manure
good crops
of straw­
The agent in Yavapai County has made
Of the "die-baok1l of bush fruits, but has
no
a
results to
yet.
Most of the county
agents reported
Coconino County has introduced
IUO ••• S in that area.
new
a.
some
work done in this
variety
Two result demonstra.tions
of
were
in Gila County who planted two vegeta.ble gardens which
sprayed and dusted at various times during
-
17
-
the
season.
cantaloupe
by the agent
set up
were
to test
fertilized,
These
its
_
SUdena
"1"
the molt successful in the communi ty
ColI'" Agent has: giv_ assistance
in sweet
The Graham
•
potato problems,
has
assuted tiTe growers in 1;he selection of tomato Varieties, and has
furniShed to 30 ".g.'table growers information relative to the selection
of Tarteties and dates ot planting.
Cabbage
8s.s1stance given
bs
a
small melon of' good
are
done with home
in use of fertilizers.
paid special attention
operators
was
to cross
qual 1 ty
carrying
on
transplanting
speclalstudy
ducted
on
on
20 acres.
the
The
dressings
a
large
Only four
on
the
with
special
County
of water melons to produce
agent
of
a
Two
in Yuma
�reatment of
County
has made
a
Demonstrations have been con­
placement of phosphate fertilizers.
in thi s
counties of the
seed
The
cauliflower seed
county.
state
produced potatoes
Apache and Coconino County agents
scale in 1937.
strations
in Pima
agent
planting
and the
Y.r1ety tests have also been conducted
Potato Production:
tests
tests with the Golden Marvel cantaloupes.
ot fertilization of lettuce.
nitrate side
gardens,
be raised in Arizona.
can
agent in Pinal County has supervised
bed and
The
breeding
which
variety
The Nava jo County Agent reported that
baTe been conducted in Gr'eenlee County.
most ot'the work in this phase
and lettuce
potatoes with
have
on
given demon­
mercuric chloride.
The
Cocol11no County agent has shown the value of deep plOwing in the preparation
of seed beds tor
and
potatoes and ;the value
early blight.
1me sUlphur spray.
decreased to
As
a.
of
li�e sulphur
to control
result of this work; most of the growers
psyllids
use
the
Greenlee County reported that potato production had
only three growers,
but that these have b een given assistance
1n the .election of varieties and disease control.
-
18
-
Fertilizer tests have
btl. b.. at.
on
Iris}). and $Weet potatoes in Yavapai County, the first
aho:tIi.n& that tBBIlOnl,. oompoundS did
COIldttcted vartety teats
Cobbler
on
have post ti ve
resul, ts.
The
agent also
Irish potatoes which indicated that the Irish
b.,st fitted tor production in Yavapai County.
was
IImIGATION
Seven of the twel'Ve oounty
or
.ter use.
dltions in
one
The COchise
agents reported
has secured data
C.olUlty Agent
valley tor information
a rural electrifiCation prOject.
program on underground water
work done in
irrigation
water
on
con­
to be furnished in connection with
He has also conducted
resources
through meetings
educational
an
and
publicity.
Graham County reported that 16 far.mers had been given'assistance
in
running levels
to
assisting with irrigation plans for
and
laying
out
plans for irrigation systems,
two
public buildings.
people have been assisted in Greenlee County
and ta1'll sohedules to
irrigation
in
The
conditions.
assistance to the ,board members ot the
adjusting
Irrigation
agent
in addition,
Fifty-seven
their crops
has also
given
District of that
Stetion.
The
agents
in
Martcopa County
assisted 61 growers in
outlining"
m.ore
efticient irrigation programs and have tried to give them help in
hch
a
were
e.tablished and two pumps installed in
way, that
they could make their
the water table had ris'en to wi thin
to'
lower the water table to
some
a
own.
decisions -Lat er-,
a
citrus
grove
foot of the surface.
extent"
Test wells
in which
It is
hoped
with these wells.
!he NaTajo County Agent has given assistance to the Joseph City
I�satlon
Di.trict in
a
study
and survey of proposed improvements.
The a.Blatant agent in Pima County is in charge of irrigation
-
19
-
1IOlt tor thai 81'8&; his 'WOrk tnduded planning and supervision of the
_8t1'\lction
ot.'tloo4
IIIi:ri.dUal eul."anee
103 wtll.,.
to three tarmers.
])'WIping tests
were made
.net on pump$ that were not
in the
for
diversl�n
an
irrigation
Water levels
and drillers were contacted to secure
Six
rtcor4e.
_ter
analysis
to enable the
obtained
were
for
permanent
.Assi stance
to detemine their sui tabili ty
samples
us·e.
engineering survey of
llJaiaage Distrl'ct, _i-ch r&sulteci
tor that year at least.
ott1oe for the
uee of
given
was
!he .gent in Pinal County and the specialist cooperated in
tCOIlomic and
on
agent to give
functioning properly.
of 39 well water
for dome:8th an4 irrigation
logs
company and
the San Carlos
in
Two fa.rm 1 evel s
t.rmers,
tmprov. the irrisaUon p.lans
and
-on
48
are
to the
project
maintained in the a.gen t ,
have used i t
4,100
and
Irrigation
saving of $200,000
a
an
s
the year to
during
aeres,
PLANT PATHOLOGY
lost of the work in plant disease control has been reported
u4&r the crops concerned.
All
have been called upon,
agents
tor as.inanee in plant di.sease eontrol
UcilliUJI wilt has been found to
..d
throughout
extent
the state.
however,
Ver­
in the cotton
counties,
methods tor control have been furnished by the agents.
Root rot
baa b'.en found
on
some
altalfa, cotton, trees,
and ornamental
'Cents haTe ,iven recommended treatments for this
root DO""
pecan
rosette, and m.ildew
41'8Ises in the state.
are
some
plants;
disease.
of the
more
Crown
common
the
gall,
plant
Chlorosis in peach trees has been important in
bo oO\Ulties.
-
20
-
POULTRY
ft. agents in all twelve counties have devoted
poa:try .rt. cOTerillg principally
some
routine ass! tence in
poultry feed-
1Dg tolWllas, disease control, brooding, housing, dressing
tiol. tor
time to
and prepara-
market, and assistance with. turkey problems.
'!he Apache Count,. agent reported that he had encouraged the
poultry- end eggs for local markets,
prodUction
of
surplua
oats. barley, and wheat, and yet
ot
'their own urkets.
on
how to test
do not
for
has been
ot
local producers had
.the
as
supply enough for
a
result of the
purchased
been reduced at least 50 percent,
and
sexed
poultry
chicks,
range
baby chick mortality
greatly reduced.
Greenlee.County reported
that countr, had made
new
a
pullorum.
The Cochise County agent reported that
�JSi8 bas
they have
The agent and specialist also gave demonstrations
turkeys
wort, 30 percent
as
chicks,
a
that the
principal poultry producer in
clean up ot her entire
plant and
buying all
was
in accordance with the suggestions of the agent and specialist.
.
-
�eopa County
.1Dg,
end
segrege.ting
hes stressed work in
of
breeding flocks.
The Navajo County
poult17
and
on
culling, bloodttestlpg, band-
Agent
has
given demonstrations
improved nests, the la.tter
of which
atallation ot wire nests for.StOOO laying hens.
plans tor six
,end
the
new
building
poultry bUildings,
dressing
on
about the in-
brought
He also
the establishment
of
assisted with
of
a
feed
mixer,
or three trench brooders.
The agent in Pima
County secured seven cooperators
careful records ot procedure and
resu��s,
in
an
effort
to
keep
to outline
definite recommendations for successful poultry production in that county.
-21-
Agents
.
in t190 counties have assisted with
a
program of
taceille.t1a tor the control of fowl pox.
RtJIW. SOCIOLOGY
!he asents in
1181 with rural.
� counties,
have
orgenb'at1on. including
cooperated
fann
in every
possible
bureaus, chUrch organi-
zat1on a, and school end community groups. in assisting them with
their
progr_.
lost of the Extension work in rural sociology has been carried
on
by
••ans of discussion groups led
..,
sociology. ;'rftD
by
the
arranged for
counties have,
which have cOTered educational work of the
Program
end economic
problems �f
specialist
in rural
the se discussion groups.
Agricultural Conservation
interest to rural
people
•
.
SOII.S
The t.provaBent of soils has been
agents, end has included encouragement
8S
crops
tert1li�ers and the
use
a
major interest of all the
in the
use
of green manure
of connnercial fertili zers.
This work
has been reported under' the crops concerned.
.
The agent in Cochise County has succeeded in interesting the
Sol1 Cons.ervat1on Service and the Experiment Station in
solI conditions in the
tormatloa
as
8
Sulphur Spring Valley
a
survey of
in order to have the in-
guide tor future development.
The agent in Coconino County has stressed the need for better
Ullage p�ctiees, including early
l18Dure crops tor fertilizers.
and
deep plowing,
use
of green
The agent has also worked in ooopera.tion
With the Soil Conservation Service in recommending contour listing,
contour
cropping,
and terracing.
-22-
lore'then 52 tamers in Greenlee (jounty
crops .re-water 18 available.
JeJiun
Sweet clover
are
usmg green
planted
was
manure
for green
two tarms.
OIl
•
The
Maricopa County agents
assisted in
ptogreu tor ·35 growers Of various crops.
the
in which the water
area
so near
was
out fertilization
working
Soil samples
taken in
were
the surface to detemine if the
aelt accumulation would be harmful to the citrus trees.
One demonstration
but
County,
no
which showed
a
results
were
decrease in
rotation, etc.'. showed
a
set up with commerciB� fertilizer in Pima
was
noticed.
A soil
analysis, made
productivity in api te
deficiency of nitrogen
on
a
fs.l'm
of the use of crop
and
phosphate
content.
A result demonstration has been started to show the effect of these two
elements in the soil.
Seven result, demonstrations have been conducted in yuma County
on
the use ot gypsum. and green
puddled
or
manure
excessively alkaline,
or
crops
both.
on
soils that
were
either
Fifty-nine farmers plowed
under green'manure crops, and three other farmers used gypsum alone.
TWenty farms had tests made for plant food deficiencies which repres8nted
l,870
acres.
WEED CONTROL
Weed control is DOt
with the
appointment
of
an
a
new
project for the county agents,
but
assistant agronomist inthe Experiment
Station tor research work in this field,
it has been
given increased emphasiS.
'!'he agents have cooperated with the assi.stant agronomist in conducting
periRents
on
chemical and cultural control of the
-23-
more
cammon
weeds.
ex-
!he scent in
Apecbe County
of !tinaeed, P\U1cture
to be too
upensl"te
has
blue weed, and nut grass. but 1 t
vine.
have received attention in Coconino
nth �ltWMU methods 01' eradication being used with
CbeJllicel treatments, using .sodium chlorate,
and Greenlee counties tor the control ot
were
set up
cropping and cultural methods
01' the weed
plants
on
some
County,
success.
used in Graham
were
bindweed; however, it
two
fa_rmB
in
found
was
Ma.ricopa County
eradicating wee�s.
in
to
Summer grown
ot the weeds and have weakened the
h� crops heve prevented seeding
strength
found
eX}>ensive.
Oooperative tests
teet
was
tor tbe farmers to continue.
Bindweed and ragweed
to be very
chemical control
exp�rimented\ with
...
Cultural pract1,ces have been encouraged in Navajo County for the
control ot bindweed.
Yavapai County
has stressed the
use
of sodium
chlorate in this work, end has found it to be rather successful.
MISCELLANEOUS
In addition to regular extension work, all agents have aeat st.ed
other federal
8�encies
Cochise, Grah8ll, Navajo
in
counties
� � elect�itication
Administration,
Pal'll Credit
conducting their program.
were
The a.gents in Apache,
partlcu1arly interested in obtain­
for their rurs1
people.
The Farm Security
Soil Conservation Service, Water Facilities Administration,
Administration,
and other federal' groups have received
a
great
deal. of assist8110e from the �ounty agents.
Cochise County, Gila County, Navajo 'County, held fairs in 1937
in which the agents took
lilts,
an
active
part, arranging
etc.
-24.
.
for
judges, premium
'the aseats in Maricopa, P1.m.a, end Graham counties have presented
talks
The
OD
egrlcultural subjects
over
the radio stations in their counties.
asent in Grell_ County has given eighteen
fifteen-minute talks
over
the station in Safford.
!be Pima
Commerce
on
County agent prepared
e.
'bulletin tor the Chamber of
agrlcul ture in Pima County.
The Gila County agent has stressed meat call1ling in his county,
linee it Is
largely
a
c6llJling demonstrations
total ot
1,620
cans
21 tin can sealers
beet-cattle
were
held with
of food were
were
producing section.
an
attendance ot 209
preserved.
As
a
purchased by cooperators.
-25-
Twenty meat
people.
A
result. 19 cookers and
AGRICU,LTtJ:RAI, CONSERVATION
Count1 Agents served
secretaries of the
as
County Agricultural
Cons8rYatioll COmmittee of eleven of the twelve counties in which Extension work is carried. on
The
one
through regularly established county offices.
county where the agent did not
contact'
but vecy close
the pl'OgraDl.
serve
secretary is that of YUlm
as
by the Extension Service with
is maintained there
In all of the twelve counties where Extension work is
established through. county set-ups the AAA offices
88Ile
buildlng and either
in the
same
offices with
located in the
are
,
I
ad-
immediately
or
joining the Extension Service.
In the six counties; namely,
laricopa
Greenlee) Graham,
and Yuma, the farm program is of major importance, due to the
tact that in all of 'these counties cotton production
ot
Pima, Pinal,
irrigated
farming.
was
a
major phase
In the other six counties of the State
tara1ng has;:-_:_a minor place in agricultureand
also these
areas
irrigated
are
not
o-«
clillatically adopted
progrBlll
occupies
a
to cotton
an
In these six .counties
position of major importance.
practice. and crop possibilities that
pemt
is here that the range
production •• It
extensive
participation
aost eases farm payments
are· so
included in the docket do not
are
in the A.C.P.
Pr-ogr-am, In fact,
small that there is
a
in
noticeable lack of
iaterest in ,the program by tarmers.,
Throughout
program 1s
doing
the State wherever land
much for the
grazing
areas.
dlate benefits to range land here exi ets
extension work.
�"eGt
are
Important phases that
grazing practices,
ownership permits, the range
water
a
are
In addi tion to the imme-
very desirable field for
being taken up in range
development, soil conservation,
Uld reltoration ot valuable forage plants.
In addition to the services of the County
Agents
in connection
lUll the County Agricultural Conservation programs and that of the
-26-
lJirector
as a
member of the state Committee there has also been
participation br what
composed
is known
as
the Technical Committee.
of members of the Extension Service t the
Statts, and
serves
in
an
were
This body is
Exper1menta1 Station
advisory capacity to the State Agricultural. Con­
servation CCIllDlittee.Extension
during the past rear
some
our
-people who served
�ecialists
�nomy, !rrlgation ,.t!;ngineering,
and the
Range Management.
-27-
in
on
the Technical Committee
Agricultural Economics,
Specialist
in Livestock and
RODmT CONTroL
In cooperation with the U.S.
counties have carried
ported that
as
a
taken to
work in rodent control.
result of this
dogs in that vicinity
were
on
warn
were
:the
Biological Survey, agents in all
work,
it
was
found that the
infected with bubonic
people
Apache County
plague,
dogs, gophers, kangaroo rats, ra.bbits,
as
prairie
steps
in that section.
The rodents which received the most attention
offices served
and
re­
and
were
squirrels.
prairie
The county
distributing points for poison materials and gave
the farmers assistance in methods of applying the bait.
-28-
FIELD .AND OFFICE ACTIVITIES
County Agricultural Agents,
Number
Farm
or
home visits
DIfferent tarms
Orfiee calls
Telephone
•••••••••••••••••••••••
homes visited
5,707
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
35,497
calls
News articles
•••••
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••
published
-..
Individual letters wr1 tten
637
••••••••••••••••
17,338
Different Circular letters written
Bulletins distrl buted
20 , 343
••
••••••••••
•••
•
•
••••••••
780
•••••••••••••••••••••
12,389
Radio talks made
Attenda.nce
10,250
�....
or
1938
49
Events at which emi bits
were
made
Training meetings
in adult work
Training meetings
in 4-II Club work
.
15
17
131
20
229
.277
4,252
7,2
1,074
7
594
••••••••••
14
107
Achievement days in 4-II Club work
.........
33
4,431
lneampments held in 4-H Club work
..........
1
657
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
975
38,342
Vethod denonstration meetings
•••••••••••
.
•...........•
Resul t demonstrati on meetings
Tours conducted in adult work
...............
Tours conducted in 4-H Club work
Other meetings
-----------
-29-
HOME DEMONSTRATION WORK
Home demonstration work
Arizona
by
tion
on
a
llowever,
on
one
msistant home
tate home demonstra-
s
responsible
made in
were
July 1, 1938,
Specialists
was
in
carried
cooperation
personnel. during the
all women's workwas
placed
Prior to t his time .tiome Demonstration Agents
state leader.
had been
and
of the
t he women
No changes
!Jounty Agent.
fiscal year.
under
age� under the guidance
Yavapai liounty directly by
with the
agents
in ten counties of
on
In a ddi tion, Home Demonstration Agent work
agent.
in
carried
home demonstration
s even
demonstration
was
to
a
liome
Demonstration Leader and the
women
I
Specialists
oocupying
responsible to t he Director.
were
The person formerlY'
the position of State Home Demonstration Agent
ferred to 'Ole
post tion of County Home Demonstration· Agent
and Greenlee
(jounties,
to final
and Mrs. Flossie Wills Barmes
trans­
was
in Graham
transferred
was
County, replaCing Mrs. M. Alberta Harris, who resigned at
that time.
liors'
Girls' Club Work.
and
Boys'
girls'
and
club work has been conducted in nine counties
under the direction of the home demonstration
to be the most popular project,
planning, canning, and
popular in three
music
count Lea
agents.
Sewing continued
followed in interest in
baking,
meal
appreciation. Knitting groups have been
during
t he year.
Heal th clubs
were
CIlrried
in all counties under the direction of the home demonstration agents,
and Interest in t his work
tion and
judging
sentatives
were
was
shown by both boys and girls.
Demonstra-
teems have been trained in all the counties and repre­
brought
to the 4-H
Roundup
'-30-
from each
county.
Maricopa County, with
an
assistant
agent
had of course more 4-H Club work than any other
individuals
tion
were
ties with 26 groups;
Heal th clubs
an
were
1,000 people.
attendance of
County
was
A total of 892.
Twenty-seven
The club
4,195.
comple­
a
completed the work.
held
days
held,
were
members have maintained
have
The
successfully, with an
achievement
principal farm magazine of AriZQna and
in the
county.
organized in nine communi­
93 per cent of the members
annual 4-H Club Fair for Mari copa
with
charge of 4-H work,
enrolled in home economics projects, who had
percentage of 79.04.
attendance of
in
a
column
presented radio pro­
grams over local stations twelve times during the year.
The home demonstration
of her time to club work and
9 tailed to
One club
member.
reported
for the last
completions
was
that
organized
of 171
boys and girls, only
Handicraft groups in that county have
complete their work.
had 100 per cent
in Cochise County has devoted half
agent
three years
for work with
except for
boys and girls
one
under ten
years or age.
Girls in Grahan
County
were
very much interested in
knitting this
year.
Pima County
reported
29 groups
Bix of the groups had 100 per cent
organized
completions,
the other two had less than 80 per cent
with 133 members.
one
completions.
had 80 per
Twenty­
cent, and
In addition to regu­
lar project work, all groups carried work in publiCity, heel th, music
appreCiation,
and
some
torm of recreational acti vi ties.
also took part in regular 4-H broadcasts
Pinal
pl�ing.
and
County
club members
completions
were
were
very
over
most
Station KTAR.
active
satisfactory.
-31-
4-H Club members
in
baking
and meal
schools
were
held in
Maricopa County
These leaders
Society groups.
given instructions
were
to their local groups,
presented
for the leaders of thirteen Relief
reaching many people
",'bich
they in
turn
\'Ino could not attend
the Extension meetings.
Food and Nutrition;
All home demonstra.tion agents have included work in food preparation
and food
preservation, although groups
projects
as
such.
were
Plans for 1939 include
a
not
to carry these
organized
full-time
in Nutri-
Specielist
1
tion;
a
ste.tf.
position
It is expected. that added interest
organization
Food
that has not been filled for
number of years
well
as
on
this
improvement in the
of this work will be noticeable in the work for 1939.
Preparation:
The Apache County home
tood
as
a
buymanship,
in the diet.
bread
demonstr�tion agent
making, and
has stressed work in
the value of fresh fruits and
vegetables
The Cochise County agent gave 27 method demonstrations
to
226 women, including preparation of school lunches, foods for hot weather,
desserts, home
made
bread,
and the
use
of
evapor-e.t ed milk.
The
women
were
also much interested in the emergency meal shelf and the collection of
choice recipes.
Graham and Greenlee Counties have studied the principles of nutri-
tion, the
lIOmen
use
of different fruit
in GrEham.
County, have
been
juices
in
baking.
given assistance
and three groups of
in
planning reducing
diets which still contain adequate nutritional materieLl..
The agent in Maricopa
leaders
on
pra.ctical
CoUnty
has
given
lessons to
facts in the field of nutrition
-33-
as
thirty-nine �TA
they apply to f8milieB
Demonstrations
in low income brackets.
cheese, short cuts in food prepare.tion,
trotecti ve diets
NE.vajo County
needs of the
and
f'elllily.
Other subjects stressed
of
women
cooker, meat cookery
facts and
frauds,
use
budgets.
Sixteen
women
and
of milk: in
were
agent gave four lessons
on
and economic factors in
value of fruits
more
ve
,
rf.ed
foods for hot
use
according
buildir:.g
and food
The Pinal County
needs,
to vitamin and minerf'll
die,t.
adequate
an
of the
weather, food
human nutritional
food, discussing
foods, plain patterns
IlJlch box suggestions,
prenatal
the
cooking, vegetable cookery,
The Yuma County agent has stressed
in
the nutritional
on
good food buymensh rp
buymanship,
leaders in
food
content,
She also gave demon­
adequate low cost meals and school lunches.
on
contents of
adaque te and
Society
given help in special diets.
of foods
ve.lues, classification
were
most interested in
were
Eating soft
on
construction of
and
given demonstrations t,y the agent
were
pima County
str6tlons
given
A totel of 115 Relief
at low cost.
vegetables, and the importance
pressure
also
were
and the
and infant
cookery,
prepara.tlon
of
adolescent cere,
care,
also �lven to about twenty
in
study
a
use
and vi t emfn
of minerc.l
of the pressure
specf aL meals.
and spec Lal,
cooker,
Aasd st.ence
problems
was
women.
F (')� Preservation:
This phase of home economics is not particularly populer in ��izona,
probably due
to the fs.ct that
sufficient to VI-arrent
a
surplus produce
great deal
of food
on
individual rarms is not
preservf1tlon.
The
home
demon­
stretlon agents in all counties have given assistance when called upon ,
but
r
only five of the nine counties reported work
done
in this fieln. T',9
��1'l� tn CochlM County reported t1.at demon s't r-ab Lon s gl ven
of fruits ani
tomatoes,
non
acid
veeetGblesJ jellies,
-34-
u so
on
;.reservAtivn
of pre-s"-'t"
cookers,
of
use
and
sealers,
of home canned
41,800 quarts
communities have
been awarded to
won
canning of meats had resulted in approximately
food, a1 though this is
a
low estimate. Three
pressure cookers in contests, and 36 dozen jars have
outstanding
canners.
Maricopa County reported that 477 families had been reached in
food
preservation either through method demonstrations, loaning county-owned
equipment t extension work through training the leaders,
calls and
Six demonstrations
were
result conserved
as a
A total of
publications.
given
over
10,000
food
23,875 quartS' of
for leaders of Relief
or
through office
were
preserved.
Society groups,
Thirty-two
containers of food.
who
method
demonstrations were. given by these leaders to 600 persons.
The
Navajo County
cooperators,
use
and
people
office maintains
a
pressure cooker for the
use
of
in three communi ties have taken advantage of the
of it.
Meat
with
canning continues
5,400 qUarts preserved
tsbl1alrnent of
County
has
a
to be the
presented infonnation
one
on
of the rural
on
the
use
of the
C�unty,
with the
communi ties.
es­
Yuma.
canning fresh figs, meat, pears,
to!l1..�to juice, dates, grapefruit, and beans
given
in Pima
The agent assisted
in 1938.
small cannery in
major activity
Demonstrations
,
were
also
jelmeter.
Six counties entered the Kerr Glass canning contest in 1938.
Hl)me Beautificati on:
Maricopa County
has led with interest
With the sponsoring of
a
munities.
persons
Forty-three
the project.
beE.utificatio.n
in home beautification
project
entered the
contest
Ninety-three persons reported
Cluding lawns. flower plantings. improved
-:35-
in three
work,
neighboring
com­
and 101 enrolled in
spe c i.r t c
fences and
improvements, in­
walks,
ani trees
and shrubs.
The county agricultural agents and the hor-t Lcul.tur-Ls t
in this work.
operated
The
Navajo County Agent
conducted
e.
yard improvement campai.gn in
cooperation with wOOlen's clubs, and 65 persons
their
co­
landscaping, either by
given assistance with
were
the horticulturist
or
the home demonstration
agent.
Two rural school yards have been planned for landscaping, 64 homes
have made
one or more
improvements
communi ties have become
result of home
County
ebb
has
aware
beau.tif'ication
in the appearance of their
homes, and 18
possi bili ties for improvement.
of the
work in Pima
The agent
County.
a
in Yuma
and has assisted with the
encouraged yard improvement
as
garden
recently organized.
HO'lle Health and Sanitation:
Four counties have conducted work in home health in connection with
Apache County reported special atten­
their other home demonstration work.
tion given to
a
study
general good health
of the
prevention
measures.
of accidents in the home and
The Cochise County and MaricopaCounty home
d�onstration agents have given assistance in the
Pima
County
prevention
has been
of
quite interested in health
accidents,
relation to health.
Fift;-two
tion to positive health,
procedure.
A total
phase of the work.
sultary
measures
accldents,
of 276
in the
were
home
women
women
were
display
for the
also
aid,
care
reported
and 46 families have
Efforts
measures
Cable diseases
first
in Ywna
care
of the
work and has
of the
that
sick,
they
sick at home.
considered
and
gave
posture With
more
atten­
adopted better home nursing
County
were
interested in this
made to get local stores to observe
of
candy
and baked
control of :flies
presented.
t
and
a
goods.
more
Prevention of
discussion o:f communi­
HOllleme.kers' Clubs:
These groups
tension work.
They
are
organized for the sole purpose of conducting
have been
organized
through already
Cochise County, with five homemakers groups,
existing organizations,
They· have
reported that much excellent work had been done by the clubs.
sponsored beneti ts,
they
have
one
Ex-
in five counties to date.
tension work in the other counties has been conducted
ex­
for the 11 brary and
given special attention
tion for the children in the
to the
community;
one
for the Children' oS Rome;
sick; they have provided
recrea­
end have been of great assistance in
the Extension work.
County reported
Graham
Maricopa County
proJect work.
tatarial
ment.
on
Pima
one
rood
has ten
.
women
club, which carried regular
organizations, which have been given
prepara.tlon, clothing, health, hygi ene,
County
In addition to
have carried activities in
ties in Pinal
a
sewing
contest
regular project work,
publicity, landscaping projects,
and magazine reviews, recreational events, and
They also sponsored
and home manage­
conducts most of its Extension work through the nine
homemakers groups in that county.
the
homemaker
some
book
social service work.
during "Cotton Week."
County have organized homemakers' clubs,
Four communi­
which have carried
regular Extension programs.
HI)1Jlg Management:
All home demonstration agents have carried projects in home manage­
ment, which also includes home furnishings.
The specialist in home manage­
ment has gl ven much assistance to their programs,
accounts and
budgets,
renovation and selection of furniture,
In home management,
Ship
ot
especially ill
toods, clothing,
Apache county
and home
has
buymanship.
stressed home accounts,
furnishings.
-37-
and
home
Twenty-three
women
buyman­
kept
accounts
according
to
recommendations,
Seventeen
papers in the home.
filing
projects
to carry work in
convenient
home accounts and business
specialist and agent
to
provide
files,
of home
better
with 21
women
improvements,
laundering methods,
and
methods of
As
a
in home
management.
home accounts.
The agent presented material
cluding
of
wastes in
case
recommendations, and 110
was
laundering methods,
four
women
women
result of this
on
and
work,
eleven families
Thirty-three
kept
women
consumer education
women
keeping accounts, accordi�g
had made business files.
management proj ects
and convenient
month
in­
studies, commodity selection, and
presented in five communities;
entered home
a
consumption.
Navajo County reported 49
foods
The
income, division of family funds, marketing organiza­
tion and the consumer, family
conunon
once
were
laundering, twelve adopted time
schedules, thirty-six secured labor saving devices,
accepted improved practices
education
consumer
training groups
them with material for their groups.
sources
and
interested in the work.
management work in Marl copa County.
worked with 30 leaders
eighteen families improved
home accounts
Graham and Greenlee counties also stressed
Home accounts, lei tchen
phases
County kept
enrolled in home management
women.
cleaning methods,
storage spaces.
the principal
in Cochise
A total of 274
end made
cases.
women
and 37 made files for business
and received instruction
improved their laundering methods,
35 learned to
and 12
-39-
women
on
better
methods, a.ttracti ve
and household accounts and
improved their kitchens.
of
In Pima County, 167 women
time schedules and time saving
kitchens,
Buymanship
to
budgets.
save
Twenty­
steps, 48
women
kept home accounts.
County agent
The Pinel
great deal of assistance
a
gave
In ruma, the
clients in record and home account keeping.
Security
enrolled in home management considered pure food law
strations
on
equipDlent,
attractive and convenient
better
Home �ishings work
was
attention in the other three.
accessories and
given
on
The
enrolled
women
principles
simple devices
stools.
tlon, which
shoe racks. and
in
women
They
were
furnishings, and
of home
Demonstrations
covers
in all
a
as
practically
no
project in
"mattress
were
counties.
such
Simple devices.
we;re made at
shelves,
Cochise County started
very successful.
was
pests.
particularly
were
repairing of old furniture and making Slip
The
and
of household
tor the home.
and resulted in improvement of rural homes.
kitchen
kitchen
stressed in six counties and received
interested in fum1 ture renovation,
wing
control
women
demon­
legislation,
1c1tchens, inexpensive
and
laundering methods,
to Farm
cost.
renova­
also interested in rug
making
qullting.
Graham County held
principles of
tions
were
pairing
home
given
of old
furnishing
on
the
pieces,
Greenlee County
two-day leaders·' training
a
were
and
leaders of local groups.
to the
arrangement
school to teach the
of
Demonstra­
furniture, reupholstering and
making slip
covers.
presented demonstrations
Twenty-five
on
women
re­
in
proper furn! ture arrange­
Ilent end color in the home.
Maricopa County
has stressed work in color in the
and construction of drapery,
liuch
ot this work
A
was
selection and construction ot
done with Farm
leadership training school
other leaders in
home, selection
Navajo County.
slip
covers.
Security clients.
was
held with 14 Relief Society and
lessons
-39-
were
presented
on
improving
storage spaces in the home and instructions for making simple devices.
Sixty-nine
families
The Pima
beneti ted
were
County agent
through
stressed the
these lessons.
accessories, in­
of
making
cluding pillows, drapes, bedspreads, repairing furni ture,
simple home conveniences.
A total of 160
women
were
and
making
benerf ted from this
program.
The
agent in Pinal County
rug weaving and
making slip
requested to give demonstrations
was
covers,
principally
for the
women
on
on
the Farm
Security tract,
Home furnishings work in Yuma County included the arrangement and
selection of furniture and fumi ture repa.iring.
A total of' 362 women
took part in this project and reported that their homes had been much
improved.
Parent Education:
Two counties have given
demonstrations
on
child in the home.
time to parent
some
improved practi ces
More
than 100
education, including
in deal Lng with pro blems of the
women
were
active in this study.
IUscellaneous:
Three county home demonstration agents 'have devoted
recreational acti vi ties.
Maricopa
and
same
time to
Yuma counties held recreation
schools in cooperation with the U·S.D.A. recreation specialist.
leaders attending these schools were very enthusiastic.
The
The Pima County
agent has assisted with entertainments in eighteen rural communi ties
during the
year.
Agents
in Maricopa and Pima counties have presented programs
their local stations
on
home economies
projects.
broadcast monthly.
-40-
Maricopa has given
over
a
Cochise and Navajo counties held county fairs in which the home
demonstration
for
agents
were
securing judges tor wanen' s
en tries
cases
they
were
responsible
and for assistance in the prepara­
The Pima County agent
premium lists.
tion of
in both
active;
served
as
a
judge for four
county fairs.
In addition to
regular
Extension work, home demonstration agents
have assisted in every way possibleprogrems of civic organizations,
federal agencies, and school organizations.
in YUIlle
County
bas been
especially interested in
and in the maintena.nce
project,
furnished
The home demonstration agent
largely through
o'f
a
a
rural electrification
community rest room, which has been
the efforts of
women
interested in Extension
work.
Farm Securi ty:
The home demonstration agents in
counties have continued to -serve
as
Graham, Greenlee, Pinal and YU-TJla
home
for Faxm
supervi sors
Security.
AU county home demonstration agents, however, have given Extension work
whenever
possible
to groups of Farm
assistance has been
phasized keeping
practices.
given
when
Security Clients,
requested.
home accounts and
and individual
The home supervisors have
general improved
farm and home
em­
FIELD .AND OFFICE ACTIVITIES
Home Demonstration Agents, 1938
Number
Farm
or
home visits
Different farms
Office calls
or
•.................••.••...••
homes vis! ted
•••••••••••••••
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
TelePhone calls
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
News articles published
••••••••••••••••••••••••
Individual letters written
•••••••••••••••••••••.
Different circular letters written
Radio talks made
2,419
1,594
2,998
3,091
450
4,726
•••••••••••••
318
••••••••••••••••••••••••••
11,130
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
39
alliettns distributed
Events at which exhi bi ts
were
made
Attendance
•••••••••••••
64
••••••••••••••••
75
1,039
•••••••••••••
18
200
Method demonstration meetings
•..............•.•
1,666
20,337
Result demonstration meetings
•................•
128
2,677
Tours conducted in adult work
••...............•
4
74
•••••••••••••••
6
76
•••••••••••••••••
12
1,048
••••••••••••••
85
7,166
•••••••••••••••••••
2
242
682
17,051
Training meetings in adult work
Training meetings
in 4-H Club work·
Tours conducted in 4-H Club work
Achievement days in adult work
Achievement days in 4-H Club work
�e�ents
in 4-H Club work
Other meetings
•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
-42-
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
The
in farm.
specialist
management and ma.rketing has conducted
the 'WOrk in this field in twelve counties of
tarm
or
ranch visits
studies.
gram
the
state.
A total 01' 294
made to obta.in information for statistical
were
Projects carried included agricultural outlook activities,
building,
ot tarm credit
farm
on
management studies,
mohair, and
a
range management study,
econoate survey
an
on
pro-
study
a
lettuce.
Agricultural Outlook Activities:
The
of the 1938
publication
agricultural outlook report
Arizona, sUJIClarizing important changes
and
trends tor the main Arizona tarm and ranch
This
ent
was
for
forecasting 1938 eeonomfc
products,
was
made in January.
distributed to all persons interested in agricul.ture·, in dlfter-
parts of the state.
The third annual survey of the cattle and sheep feeding and of
the
that
hay situation made in Maricopa, Pinal,
more
than
ample hay supply
irrigated valleys.
was
available tor feeding cattle in the
�
the remainder of the
report
was
made
ton in the Salt River
on
a
Valley_
study
Pima, thus
one or
cattle in pens
on
conducted in
1937
during
more
than
yields
at
cooperation With the
.A:nlerlcan-Egypt1an
This study showed that SXP,
.American-Egyptian. cotton, yielded
than
more
feeding period.
u.s. Field Station at Sacaton
of
-
Favorable prices for tat cattle and low teed prices
lent encouragement to cattlemen to finish
A
and Yuma counties indicated
making
over
11 per cent
more
a
new
cot-
variety
lint per
acre
up in returns to the growers for the
two cent smaller price p�r
pound
for SxP in 193'7.
-43-
The survey of
yields
that SxP
outylelded Pima, by
Reports
given
were
ten per cent
to growers
County,
produce and eggs in Cochise
obtaining
of 1938 and
reported in the tall
was
larger percentage
a
on
in
again.
grading of produce
effort
an
assist them in
to
of their home market.
Definite improvement has
•
survey of markets tor farm
a
immediately changed their planting plans
the survey
returns indicate
partial
to
A number of growers
conform with the
findings
of
quali ty and
been made in the
and eggs.
A statistical
report
on
Arizona agriculture
was
Francisco Fair organization "to assist them in making
made to the San
an
agricultural
relief map of the state.
Program Building:
Work in this field has been featured in 1938.
was
done in YUlllB.
formation
8
on
County
pertinent economic in­
with the collection of
on
of the data
similar work in Pinal County.
gathered,
mittees for the purpose of
ture in Yuma
work
irrigated farming in the county practically completed, and
start has been made
being made
Preliminary
and it will be
formulating
a
An analysis is
presented
to
definite program for
farmer
com­
agricul­
County.
Farm Ma.nagement Studies:
A summary of
first-year results
efficiency study in two
growers
were
cutting
counties with
costs of
of
a
grapefruit enterprise
thirty-two growers indicated
production
in every
possible
that
way in the
face of grapetrul t overproduction.
A
study
Vuley brought
in
1937. that
of
out
Acala cotton enterprise costs
that most farmers
growers could cut
costs
paid
of
-44-
too
made
high
a
in the Safford
rent
for
cotton l�nus
production by better managamen t
in cultivation
particularly
per
instead of the
acre
operations,
for their cot ton,
�tian ootton in
pound to break
with this
bringing
also found that
with short
received
Valley.
for 1937
pound, based
American-Egyptian growers
staple growers, due largely
of
drop
costs of
out the
7t
cents per
producing American-
needed 18 cents per
acre
.63 bales per acre;
was
are
to the
at
pound,
I twas
1938 returns.
on
disadvantage compared
a
government benefit payments
The price relationship is
by the latter.
bale
the grower is 19 cents per
production for
cent per
one
one
This showed that growers pro-
bale of cotton to the
a
cost of
net loss of
a
made of the
was
The state average
even.
yield. the
a
study
a
the Salt River
duc1ng three-fourths of
only
study.
Since growers of Pima cotton have faced
pound
of
yields
high yields obtained would have wiped
of most growers in the
profits
and that.
11
to 1 instead of the
former 2.6 to 1.
Figures
for the 1937
survey of the
pinto
study conducted in
bean
and
one
county
Per acre
was
1:1
are
per
per
to bean
presented
$13.50,
were
h.oo
*10.50
were
or
hundred,
acre.
�'2.25
or
a
However,
growers/showed
of
�h.75
increased
to provide
per
most growers have
pinto beans; therefore, unless pinto
considerably,
a
price
of
the.
the average
per hundred;
profit
that
bean
�4.00
average costs
price
received
hundred, amounting
less than 100
yields
in
acres
to
of land
Coconino County
per hundred is not
sufficient
satisfactory income.
a
Range Management StUdy:
A range
management study
�as
started in 1938 in Cochise
County
to
deterune costs of re.isi.Dg calves end determining profits obt ed ne td,e under
venous rates of
to
serve as
a
stocking
check
on
and
vsrying range-carrying cepecities, end
the tairness of the
in effect et the present tiIrle.
-45-
also
renge-carrying cepacity classing
F&rm Cred.it on Mohair:
An outlook report
lack of credit to mohair
lack of
a
Economic
�
market for
on
the mohair
growing industry Lndt.cat.ed
growers·in Yavapai
chevon,
or
County
was
due
mainly
th€lt
to
goat meat.
Survey:
report
on
Salt River V�<lley
lettuce growing
the econow�cs of the lettuce
we s
areas
gro�Qng industry in
the
made up and sent to all growers in the commercial
of Arizona.
-46-
AGRONOMY
Prior to July 1, 1938 the specialist carried
and
irrigation practice.
new
agronomist
At that time the two projects
appointed
was
work in both agronomy
on
as
well
as
a
a
for work in soi1s
specialist
new
divided, and
were
and irrigation.
One
new
project
was
cotton
organizing one-va.riety
which offers free
Act,
organizations
one
with
a
were
undertaken
by the specialist
classing
service to member-s of such groups.
formed in the five
membership of 285 growers who represent
stapling quality study
which had been carried
conjunction with this work
variety community organizations
studies indicated that there
to December 1 and
tor
plans
there
ginned which
was
an
Good Middling v�hi te
The .Arizona Crop
seme program as in
increase in the
or
was
a
the
comparable
eligible field
to
were
previous years.
registered,
were
cotton
ginned
less cotton had
1937,
l1xtension agronomist acting
cotton and
it is estimated that
be
-47-
but
continued to carry the
about
20
alfa.lfa, supplies
it would
plant
If all the
times
as
as
eligi ble for
If all the alfalfa seed produced
registered , it woul.d
up
Middling Grade.
has
of
and
grading
definite control program
per cent
Arizona alfalfa acreage which is reseeded each year.
grF11n sorghum
cotton
extent before the
decrease in the acreage of crops
registration in 1938, yet for the major crops
were
some
spotted
8.
in the Strict
with
has been the
Extra White than in
Improvement Association
preceding years,
While there
Four
the total
of
zona
The reports of these
under way.
the next year.
increase of 10 per cent
was an
secretary.
was
were
to
have been made to conduct
staining insects during
been
20 per cent
on
Twenty-
cotton counties of Ari
principal
In
..
thaj; of
-
Improvement; .associations under the Smith Doxey
acreage in the state.
one
in agronomy
much
on
the
eli�1ble
as
br1
zona
needs each year and would
plant almost
one
eighth
of ell the
grain sorghum
gro� in the United States in 1938.
Crops included in the registration program
and
Hairy Peruvian,
small
Ladak; cotton,
and
grains including barley
Acal,a ,
wheat;
Double Dwarf Yellow milo and Sooner
plications
of which
Cooperative crop
c)untyagents
registration
to
compile
only
two counties.
data obt'sfned
by
10,670 acres,
cooperation with the
tests
including variety
rye, corn, hybrid corn, sorghum, and soybeans.
carried out ih
on
Ap­
the association.
tests have been conducted in
in nine counties
Stoneville; corn;
milo, Atlas Sorgo, and Sudan grass.
accepted by
acres were
and.
sorghums, including hegari,
received from 110 growers for
were
9,154
Pima, SxP,
and
alfalfa, Chilean,
were
on
wheat, barley,
oats
J
FertilizE.!!' tests have been
Plans have been started by the specialist
these tests
into
8
publication which will be and]-
6ble to the farmers and ·which will give them. much-needed information.
Ylork in weed control has been carried
the assistant
etue.y
of the
agronomist
more
of th.e
important noxious
J.. total of 83 rerm
tions conducted.
Experiment
or
weeds
ranch visits
on
as
Station,
in the
were
a
cooperative project with
who
et at e
is
conducting
research
,
n-ade and six result demonstrB-
.
ANIMJl,L HUSBANDRY
Up to August of 1938. anfme.L husbandry wor-k
at
egent
large.
October of 192·8
In
a.
new
take over the work of this
appointed to
conducted
wes
the
by
extension antmal, husbandman
county
was
:proj ect.
The county agent at large assisted Vv'i. th the educet Iona.L program of
the range
ance
in
of the
portion
tratntng
Agricultural Conservation Program, including
range appraisers,
t�s. masonry dams,
water
edvf ce to
spreading,
operaturs
and contour work.
The county agent at large cooperated with the
Experiment Station
in
making
calls for the treatment
obtE:in blood end forage sempl.es for
a
construction of
the
on
assist­
ve t er-Inar-Lsm
of
of the
sick animals end to
study of the mineral
end vi t emm
defi­
ciencies of various ranges.
A
deta
on
project
new
the
tiOt ad
shrinkage
so
no
of cattle between the
one
cause
for this
large
shipping point
The project
loss.
to
obtain
End the destina­
was
not
completed
results could be obtained.
Assistance
ram
undertaken by the county agent at
to. determine th.e
ty August,
Shows,
was
given by
the
county agent
livestock show, and
one
fair.
was
at
large
in
holding
He also assisted the
two horse
specf eLt s t in
It&Ilsgement end marketing to obtain figures in the feeder and hay si tuatior
in three counties.
A t ot al, of 185 range visits
"ere
made and six demons+re+Lor
conducted.
In the short time the extension animel husbandmen has been ir. this
posi tion, he has visited thirteen
nection with livestock work.
of the fourteen
ArrcrLgements
were
counties of the
mad e
in tVIO
ste
counties
te
in
con­
to hold
field dEY in the eElrly spring to demonstrate the adve.nt age of feeding cattle
ratber tben to sell them at
for less money.
lighter vleights
teeds "ill te stressed in this work.
Four
coun t
-4:3-
Le s
VI ere
The
vis1 h·(j,
use
tu
of local
collect
a
s&1llples
of
forage for
deficiency study.
use
by
the animal
Two counties
were
husbandry depar-tment
visited to
supply improvements, contouring, subsoiling,
cattle growers
meetings
at which the
and the
specialist
has made
inspect examples of range
reseeding.
specialist assisted.
particular interest in the increasing
tories,
end
of
plens
in their vi t emfn
water
Three counties held
Two counties showed
purebred range cattle in their terri­
to assist with this work.
Sheep
and
goats received attention in two counties of the state and range weed control
,res
discussed in
one
county for
a
cattlemen's tour.
-50-
BOYS' AND GIRLS'
CLUB WORK
Four-H Club work in Arizona is under the supervision of the specialist
1n boys' and
girls'
club work who devotes his entire time to this
assistance from the subject-mat ter' specialists.
:proje,ct
'tA.ri th
The state leader of home
demonstration work is responsible for subject matter in the home 'economics
The specia.list attended 42 demonstrations presented to 974 indi vid-
projects.
usIa and had �g: meetings relative to
projects,
A total of 2789 4-H Club members
2226 of whom
and 1676
were
completion by
an
the
boys
was
than that
Slightly higher
during
the year
was
the
past
year,
of 80.8
completion percentage
enrolled by the county
were
boys' work, garden, poultry
while sewing and' baking
agricultural projects
offered
entomology, dairy calf,
rabbit clubs.
beef
by
.agricultural agents
The percentage of
the
12.32 years and
were
calf,
and
The average
girls.
they remained
most
were
crops and
horse
,.
dairy projects had
popular
among the
g8.�den, landscape
in
fa.rm
and health.
msna.gement,
the
largest
girls.
Other
E.rdeningr
poultry, turkey, swi.ne , sheep, and
Other projects offered in home economics
canning, home management,
hendlcraft,
during
average of 1.72 years.
In the
enrollment,
a
by 3,963 individuals.
enrolled by the home demonstration agents.
age of til club members
the work
enrolled
were
completed their projects, giving
Of this number 1103
per cent.
attended
were
mea.L
planning,
Miscellaneous projects included camping,
and music
apprecis.tion.
A totel of 144 demonstretion teams and 74
judging
teams
were
trained,
I
the spec1el1st essisting in ,the tra.inine; of many of' these.
4-H Club Fairs
were
other countieS' exhibits
held by three counties during the year end in three
were
made at
county fairs.
-51-
Maricopa, Pfma
and PInal
counties had their
4-II Club fairs and there
own
were
also
two
junior fairs in
Maricopa County.
The annual 4-H
Roundup
held
the Uni versi ty of Ari zona campus
on
brought
287 club members and leaders to Tucson, representi:r.g twelve of the fourteen
Eighteen girls'
counties.
teams
the
competed in the sta.te contest,
judging
girls
demonstration teems end six
the
end
conferences
subject-matter informa.tion
Two college 4-H clubs
during
organized during
were
Kem.bers of the Arizona Sts_te Teachers'
the year,
at which
presented.
were
Jl.rizona state Teacbers' College at Tempe and
Maricopa County
one
the year,
at the
one
University
the
of Arizona.
Oollege
group had direct
charge of
the
was
given
to 4-H Club
publicity during
the year.
In
addition to the 66 articles for newspapers and magazines,
monthly broadcasts
was
presented
club members from Maricopa,
over
.Pima,
and
Station KTJJl.
Pinal counties.
These
a
series of 14 semi­
were
minute program over Station KT.P.R.,
Tucson end Bisbee stations.
Two pz-ogrems
A musical broadcast
were
was
presented by
Arizona members also
pertt ctpabed in the National Achievement broadcast by presenting
a
at
4-H Club Fair.
Considerable time
the first of
entered
revue.
Six counties held leaders'
suggestions
150 indi vidus_ls
approximately
Nir:e girls competed in the senior dress revue, and 50
contests.
junior
and
boy's demonstration
also
thlrty­
a
presented
over
the
presented in December
,
series.
Seven 4-H Club members attended the national club congress at Chicago
the first week in
December.
Adelle Fellet of Yuma
placed first
County
in her class at
Those representing Arizona at the Congress
who
won
Chicago;
the
ste.te dress revue
contest
were:
and who
Rose Grantham. end Barbara Porter of"
-52-
Cochise
County;
Maricopa
trips,
COuDt1;
Sarah
Cowen, Vernon Ri chardson,
and Franklin
state awards
were
made to
Thurber of Pima County; and
Villagers
Club of Pima
Milier
of
Apache
County.
Kathryn Hanger
ROber�. McPherson
County
and .Albert McDowell of
:W8'$1 -ehosen
as
of
In addition to the
Maricopa County;
of Cochise
the
County.
outstanding club
Walter
The Vail
in soct ak
service work.
A dairy cattle judging team of three members and
tion team of two members
agricultural. agent
the trip
were
trained
a
dairy demonstra-
by the Maricopa County assistant
and taken to the National
Dairy Show
in Ohio.
Funds for
donated by the .Arizona Milk Producers' Association.
were
Nine 4-H Club members showed calves at the Tucson Livestock Show
early in the
year..__
The
prize winning
4-H steer shown by Eula. Mae
carried out
�s.
a
beet calt
Clark
judging
Awards in this contest
though only ten members
of
Elgin.
won
junior depar-tment;
against approximately
-53-
a
Club boys and Future Farmer
entirely by 4-H Club
in the contest.
was
The specialist planned and
contest tor 4-H
were
competed
calf in the
members al­
50 Future Farmer
boys
"Number of Different Individua1s Enro11ed
end Com;p1eted in �938
Comp1eted
Enrolled
.DOYS
'"
County
Girls
Boys
Gir
Apache
63
7'1
39
54
Cochise
'1'1
109
'10
101
Coconino
H
13
6
10
0
0
0
13
32
'1
0
14
0
619
825
513
652
8
108
'1
66
73
99
55
'16
234
82
184
,
0
Gila
Graham
40
Greenlee
16
I
Maricopa
-
r
r
J
I
Nevajo
I
Pima
Pinal
I
,
I
t
I
r:"
Cruz
::taa:§l
e
_
Y:\Wla
Total
Grend +o t al,
-
"
i
0
-10
0
9
I
12
15
9
12
83
182
83
175
1104
1685
910
1346
2�89
T
2256
.
L-
Sign1-t'i cent Facts Compared
Those
or
with
Previous Years
.\
I
.
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
.1936
2186
2470
2481
2630
2976
2752
2935
1488
1408
1896
1901
2170
2.238
2270
68%
57%
76.4%
72.�·
72.9%
81.3%
77.3%
2312
2267
2447
2681
2465
2691
1220
1763
1736
1914
2010
2045
52.�FJfo·
77.8%
70.9%
71.4%'
81.5%
76.�
12.21
12.45
12.35
12.47
,12.59
1.78
1.95
1.85
r-Enrollments
by Pro.1 ect s
Completions
by
Projects
J:'er lient
J:'roJect
Completions
lJ1rrereUli
Individuals Enrolled
1J1�I.ere!l1l
Individuals Completed
s:
�.1..
veut.
IndividualsCompleted
Average Age of
Club Members
Average Years
in Club Work
12.23
1.6
1.61
1.73
.
-
�-----.---
-----
12.4
1.71
.
CLOTHING
A
clothiDg specialist
at which
her
tjJlle
employed for six months of
was
resignation
No appointment
accepted.
was
the
project year
made for the
was
remainder of the year.
The specialist pre-sented work in nine counties of the state,
which did not have
munities with
an
a
home demonstration
attendance of
1,459
Work
agent.
of
one
conducted in 34
was
com­
women.
Sewing machine clinics proved to be the most popular phase of the work,
with 151 machines cleaned
given
the
on
use
schools
were
Special. attention
'WOOlen.
dresses and sheer dresses.
Eight
Some work
result of the demonstrations.
held in two counties with
to
given
was
Chi1dren's cl.othes
were
attendance of
an
and to
remodeling
stress
that from 800 to
JOrk of these leaders.
placed
1,000
on
other
women were
Subjects treated included
cotton
making
also discussed.
and
techniques
was
not stressed.
was
meet! ngs were held to train leaders of church groups
County, with special
est-1mated
a
of attachments for the machine, but it
Dressmaking
195
as
in
Maricopa
It 1s
special. problems.
reached
seam
as
a
result of the
finishes, patterns,
sleeve construction, and collar and neck finishes.
Knitting
seven
was
another phase which proved popular.
counties with 528
bloCking,
women
and care of knitted
who made
and
54
women
was
done in
A demonstration
on
washing,
garments conc1.uded the series.
One county requested instruction
Jlater1als,
I;J3 articles.
Work
on
making slips
received instruction
choosing slip
these subjects.
Information
The
specialist also
pTe dflllODBtrations on�the choice of color and design to suit
difi'erent types
was
"aDd
the
given
ODe
on
buying
of hosiery to
on
and
demonstration
dreiag
was
given
women
on
in tvm
counties.
preparation of materials for dyeing
process.
-54-
and
In 4-H Club work the specialist devoted considerable time in eight
counties attending Club
10 fairs
as
judge for
to
37 girls in
:meeting,s,
or
leaders'
achievement days.
two counties who
conferences,
and
judging, serving
Instruction in knitting
particularly requested this work.
-55-
was
given
DA.mTING
dairying has carried projects
in
specialist
The
under
of
headings
dairy herd improvement associations, daizr.r breeding, bull clubs, proved sires,
feeding,
and 4-H Club
11 method
with
a
total attendance of
Herd
conducting
987
tension work centers around the two herd
the
breeding of herds
as
and
culling methods.
There has been
in the last year,
well
majority of the dairy
as
improving feeding
an
as
a
were
given
in
ex­
Maricopa
of improving
means
and management
practices
increase in the number of herds
completed lactations
has
jumped from B97
shown by the annual summary of the herd
as
has
meetings,
improvement associations
association for the year ending October 1,
lactations, 1,345
The
These associations have been used
test and the nwnber of
projects he
persons.
Improvement Associations:
and Pima counties.
these
two result demonstrations and 10 other
demonstrations,
�
In
dairy work.
19.3B.
Of the
to
on
1,679
improvement
1,679 completed
in Maricopa County where the major dairy industry is
conducted.
This program, in addition to �roviding information
fat tests to
milk and butter­
dairymen, also involves the permanent identification of dairy
a�s, including information
periods,
on
and full information
Arizona's goal
was
to
on
on
date of
birth, sire
breeding, production,
and
and
identify 2,000 animals during 1938.
dam, lactation
reproduction.
At the time of
this report, 2,135 animals have been identified in the two asnocfat Lone
1'0. addition to the
seven
fUed in the Bureau of
A program
was
bulls that have been
Dairy Industry
,
proved, information has been
to prove five
more
bulls.
set up late in the year with the veterinarian of the
-56-
and individual dairymen'
Experiment Station
use
of artificial insemination to
proved
to be very
are
areas
placed
In
an
in
the cost of
placed in
In
of better dairy
use
herds in the state,
addition, 37 registered
dairy herds throughou·t the state.
of the small dairyman is to
principal problems
maintaining
a
bull of known worth for
a
small herd.
effort to alleviate this difficulty the Extension Service has
cooperative bull cWlnership.
Cochise and Yuma counties.
for advice
to
as
Proved
Three such bull groups
selection,
and
Although
�:
to the
give emphasis
seminating them among
proved sire sheets
sons
of superior sires have been
this is
really
sub-phase of
separately
dairy herds of the
and information is
received,
or
on
Feed production, storage,
and use
dairy herd
in the program
they have in
dairyman outlined
and
program of feed production,
individual
in ell counties and dairymen
COl,..
are
storClge
This work has been
rapidly falling
-57-
and dis­
year
seven
Pr-act Lcal.Ly
use.
continues to be
In
an
Graham,
file in the U. S. D. A.
major problems facing the dairy industry in the state.
requirements of
in
purchased.
six additional sires.
the sires
a
the
During the
state.
working towards proving
are
Feeding:
a
bas been listed
Bureau of Dairy Industry to prove five
ell dairymen
organized
importance of locating superior blood lines
the
were
were
promoted
.All of these groups asked the Extension Service
�rovement association work, it
to
been
of proved sires.
sons
were
One of the
Bull�:
overcome
for dairymen in the
It consists chiefly. of promoting the
all of which
females have been
planned
advantages of the dairy herd. improvement associations
During 1938, 26 dairy bulls have
practically
the
the blood of bulls which have been
This proj ect has been
where the
not available.
bulls.
promoting
good.
!!!.!1. Breeding:
outlying
spread
for the purpose of
one
of the
1938 the Extension
use
based
on
the
vigorously promoted
in line
in the matter of
supplying
year.
were
In
sufficient amounts of the various kinds of dair-,f feed for the entire
some
instances
use
of Legume
built by dairymen, filled in most
silage
cases
bas been tried.
with
corn
A start has been made in the establishment of permanent
the northern count i es
4-H Club Work:
and
Five silos
grain sorghums.
pastures in
SOIne
of'
•
The dairyman assisted with two 4-H Dairy Club field
days in Maricopa County and has assisted 'wi th judging exhibits in three county
4-H Club fairs.
-58-
�v.roMOLOGY
A
position
new
entomologist
as
on
extension
created with the
was
October 1.
entomologist
to the creation of this
The
specialist
appointment
was
and half time in the
position,
work in
of the extension
appointed
to
half time
serve
Experiment Station.
entomology
was
carried
Prior
on
by the
horticulturist.
Dusting demonstrations
the agent for the control of
acreage selected
sulphur and 7.5
little
over
was
on
Entomology
harvest
most
and Plant
data,
it
the seed
important;
formed,
and
times with
a
on
cotton and alfalfa.
The
mixture of 92.5 per cent
For the first
on
picking
there
the dusted
was
plots
a
as
com­
plots.
alfalfa,
was
vMe rather than 10
during
hemipterous insects
seven
county in coo�eration with
one
100 per cent increase of seed cotton
Dusting demonstrations
insects
conducted in
per cent Paris green.
to the check
pared
dusted
were
in
were
also conducted for the control of lygus
cooperation with the agent
Quarantine.
While it
was
and the U. S. Bureau of
learned that the dust should be
or
and that
alfalfa
is
a
weekly inter­
critical time
plants when lygus control
lygus does great damage
dusting operations
at
applied
14 day intervals; also that there
setting period of
to obtain correct
impossible
to seed
seems
pods after they have
must be conducted up to the
maturity of the
seed crop.
Orchard sanitation demonstrations for the control of the codling moth
on
apples
and pears
Apache counties.
orchardists
were
carried
on
in
Gila, Cochise, Greenlee, Navajo,
This work, together with banding,
getting
has resulted in home
from 75 to 80 per cent yvorm-free apples.
-59-
and
The horticulturist has assisted in
out control
tor
measures
apht.s.,
locating infestations
and in
w·orking
cotton leat worm and cotton boll worm
on
cotton in Pima County.
Grasshopper Control Campaign:
The horticulturist
leader for this proj ect with county agents
counties
agency
were
was
given
Quarantine,
mers,
covering 27,637
a
saving
of
county leaders.
as
In cooperation with the Bureau of
total of
Plam
at
made state
assistance in the control of' grasshoppers and
given aid.
a
serving
was
acres.
$203,100.
A
265
tons of bait
were
Entomology
egg survey
Indian
and
distributed to 320 far­
This treatment served to protect
grasshopper
one
Seven
was
93,280
acres
made later in the year
by members of the Bureau of Entomology and the Extension entomologist,
visiting all counties of the state,
might be
to determine how
next year.
-60-
great the infestation
HOME MANAGEMENT
A total of
in ten counties with
specialist
communities
housekeeping,
to
393
demonstrations 132
venient; 22
floor
women
women
women
and home
were
and
made for 42
inbuylng
used
Nine demonstrations
given
were
were
�
Accounts:
women
in
result of these
more
trying
buymanship
con­
to
or
con­
in four other
work
was
as
a
basis for
was
in nine counties
given
are
to
136
and
consumer
The home demonstration
done.
counties,
Recommended
and
making
a
practices
163
:families
readjusting family living.
Thirty-six demonstrations
and individual assistance
forty-three
were
being followed by 149 :families,
timely economic inf'ormation
women
have
counties in which this
for the hame
Budgets
in
improved posture while working.
consumer- education discussions
seven
a
given
kitchens; 203 made
107 reported they
education in nine connnuni ties in three counties.
total of
11..s
communities.
were
followed recommendations in selection and laying o:f kitchen
BUymsnship:
agents held
Sixty-one
furnishings.
their kitchens to make them
rearranged
coverings; attractive curtains
energy by
4,014 women-.
L�provement, buymanship, budgets
in ten different
purchased labor saving equipment;
serve
held by the
Twenty-two method demonstrations
Kitchen Improvement:
project
were
total attendance of
carried included kitchen
Projects
th1s
a
meetings
visited in this work.
were
and accounts,
and work
219 demonstrations
given
were
women.
keeping accounts,
to
474
Three hundred
and
214 families
budgeted their family living expenditures.
Housekeeping:
Thirty-five demonstrations
-61-
were
given
in the
housekeeping
project to 612
adopting
women
in five counties.
at least one of the recommended
made out time schedules and 34
following them.
work
meetings
As
were
were
laundering; 67
in
care
women
they had been successful in
on
shoe
and closet
storage
women
space,
racks, magazine racks,
made from scrap lumber.
the
reported
216
A total of
reported that they had
187
of the home and
women
had made
quantities of silver and furniture polish for home use, f'o.Ll.owi ng the reCipe
of the
being
Recommended methods of
specialist.
held which
A tota1 of
attended by
were
1,652
result of the work 43 faDlilies
the appear-ance of
improving
received
on
were
home, making
covered.
slip
a
suggestions
in
applied
rooms
household pests
were
and work
meetings
in forty different comnnmf t Lea,
the
princi:ples of
color and
were
As
a
design in
105 families applied the Lnrormat ton
and
total of 162
One hundred
making
women
reupholstered
in order to make them
rooms
104 demonstrations
treatment of wi ndowe
improving the
pieces of furniture
done at
controlling
by 221 families, and 44 families have screened their homes.
used
� Furnishinas:
or
as
Two hundred sixteen
adopted recommended practices in
up
that
reported
held and such articles
completed.
were
practices
result of demonstrations
a
book cases, and dish cupboards
pieces
A total of 144 families
or
,
.At the work meetings 122
and
slip covered,
pieces of furniture
40 pieces
whi ch
were
were
r-eupho'l.et er-ed
eighty-seven fElrrilies r-ear-ranged their Ii vb..g
more
ra.g rugs,
livable and inviting;
cushions, candlewick
183
bed
families followed
spreads,
et c
,
,
and
137 families made other articles of handicraft for the home.
4-H
e.tter.ded
�
Work:
The
by 683 persons.
8.s[;isted with the 4-H
Miscel1er,eous:
of the
girls'
citrus
specialist
She
attended ten
judged 4-H exhibits
4-II Club meetings which
in three
were
counties and
Round-up.
The
speCialist judged
judging
contest in
at
one
county fair and had charge
Maricopa County.
-62-
F.DRTlCULTURE
The Extension horticulturist bas conducted work in thirteen counties of
38
the
state, with
and
17 other meetings, attended by 1,257 persons.
total of
a
method
three result
demonstrations,
demonstrations,
Projects have included
vegetable gardening, orchard management, landscape gardening, small bush
fruits, insect pest
and disease
Vegetable Gardening:
conducted in
fertilizers.
plot
one
control,
Potato
4-H Club work.
variety and potato fertilizer tests
and from each fertilizer
Ten-pound samples of each variety
Eliss
Triumph
the variety tests and calcium nitrate and treble
to be
superior
super-phosphate
were
acre)
phosphate used
'las
skin
were
broadcast gave
in
a
a
higher yield
superior
six counties with
in
regular treble
super­
A white onion
Crystal
'I·wenty-two pruning demonstrations
213 per-sona
stone fruits in the southern
ere
cooperation
wax
variety
ana. silver­
quality.
in attendance.
terest in deciduous fruit trees in Arizona
part
bsing pruned according
pruning; work will be continued
definite.
than
ribbon three inches under the seed.
Orchard Management:
trees
found
super-phosphate (140
made in Greenlee County which showed that· the
test
were
conducted in YUlP..a County in
11th the agent, which indicated that hi-acid treble
per
the best potato from
v:ras
in the fertilizer test.
Fertilizer placement tests
pounds
were
county, with six varieties of potatoes and eleven kinds of
tested for cooking quality.
were
and
and
to
,
There
seems
were
given
to be renewed in­
with special attention given to
apples
in the northern sections.
the modified central leader type of
for four
in
seasons
before results
can
be
The
One demonstration
fact that the trees
�ras
were
set up on orchard
infected with peach
but due to the
fertilization,
mosaic, they
had to be
pulled
up
and destroyed.
grafting demonstrations
Sixteen nut tree
Those interested wanted
especially work
in top
were
given
in four counties.
working seedling pecan
and
native black vl8.lnut trees to improved varieties.
The horticulturist e.ssisted the farm management
grapefruit
cost of
production
in
specialist
studies in two counties and has
a
study of
given assistance
to citrus growers when called upon.
Landscape
This bas been
C�rdening:
of the most successful
one
Community beautification projects have been carried in four
of the year.
counties, including three communi ties
this subject in
seven
counties va th
mendations have been made for
in
county.
one
attendance of
an
plantings
and
care
Meetings
652
has
shrubs, and
hone
prepared
three reels of colored
shrubs
r-ecomme nded
,
The
moving pictures of flowers,
beautifying
on
grounds.
��s
in the
given
public buildings, including
a
courthous e
Small
one
on
Recom­
flowers,
trees which have been used to illustrate the talks
Assistance
and
as
held
were
persons.
of lawns,
and trees, and all cooperators have carried out the work
specialist
projects
�
southern and
two
preparation
churches,
two
of
landscaping plans
public parks,
and
for six
one
school
•
Fruits:
one
Bush fruit variety demonstrations
northern county.
berries and boysenberries
ar
The Texas Wonder and Macatawa black­
the best bush fruits for southern .Arizona.
The varieties in northern Arizona have riot bor-m
could be obtained.
conducted in
wer-e
Several hundred extra
in six of the southern counties.
plants
Practically
-64-
a
crop yet,
were
so
no
results
distributed to cooperators
all of the
pl.ant.o
tl:.t t
wer e
properly cared
until next
for have grown
nicely.
yield data, however,
No
can
be ob'taf ned
season.
Stra.wberry variety tests conducted in
Missionary J Klondyke J and Aroma varieties
county showed t}:1..at the
one
best for market purposes.
were
Insect Pest and Plant Disease Control:
The work of the
this phase has been covered under the reports
on
entomology
specialist
and
in
plant patho­
logy.
4-H
to
a
Club�:
specialist
has
talks and colored films
presented
group of 4-II Club members in Pi:n&l County and has served
two �.-H Club fairs.
He also assisted with the 4-H
Misce1l8neous:
on
The
pruning
and
The
specialist
training gra:pevines
Experiment Station bulletin
pared
a
Trees."
manuscript
for
a
on
T.hich Do Well in Arizona;"
pr-epar-ed for publication
a
manuecz-Lp t
in P..rizona which is to be used in
on
"Grafting
have been
at
Round-up.
"Grape Culture in Arizona."
circular
Mimeographed circulars
has
judge
as
and
conpl.et ed
He has also pre­
Budding Fruit
on
an
and Nut
"Ornamental Trees
"General Cul tur€.l Practices for Small Bush Fruits j
and "Hardy Ornamental Shrubs. tt
-65-
tt
POULTRY
In this
project major emphasis
creased egg
production
and disease
control;
a
total attendance of
1,087
Pou1tr�r Im;prov�
for
eight
basis of
years and has
and 22 additional
indi v i duaLs
are
41,269 birds,
its purpose the
Only 1.2 per
the
tested
fcrn:ance
Vlere
Baby
one, to
State, which
kept by
the
seven
r esul, ts
purchasing good baby
poultrymen
on
the
The Extension.
poultrYman
acts
flocks, involvi ng
,
a
reduction of 2-.1 per
'cooperated
per cent of the entire hatchery
on
highest per-centage of
com­
Records of per­
400 birds during the year.
This project has two major objectives
of the blood
chicks and
more
testing
and
poultry improvement
conscious of the
carrying
out the
-
pro­
Impor-tance of
sample broodi:ng
and
management
This has been highly successful from the standpoint of creating
interest in poultry work.
chicks
with
held
breeding flock, with
operating under the plan.
gram, and two, to make poultrymen
program.
and
poultry
Nineteen hat cher-ymen
is said to be the
� ],1ortelity Study:
measure
eggs,
r-eac+ors
were
covering appr-oxtmat eky 90
in any of the 43 states
pliance
of
A total of 200 different
cent in numbers of reactors from last year.
capacity of
were
·were
culled and blood tested and banded by .Assochltion workers.
cent of all birds
in the program
meetings
identifying
uniform throughout the country.
were
in­
This project hs.s been in progress
Association:
secretary of the association.
breeding for
,
improvement, baby chicks, hatching
terms which
as
as
on
Fifteen method demonstrations
marketing.
given, five result demonstrations,
pl.aced
vitality; improved management ; sanitation
and greater
and
has been
were
Figures for
the year showed that
purchased compar-ed wi t h S, 081 fro11
-66-
other states.
47,$06
Arizona
Of the Arizona
chicks, 4.JI- per cent
lost
were
compared with 5.7
per cent of the out-of-state
chicks.
Mortality in laying hens continues
Sanitation and Disease Contro�:
to be
one
25 per
of the major
birds.
It is estimated that
poultry ]roduction.
laying birds placed in laying houses
cent of all
the year is
in
problems
In addition 25 per cent
over.
culled out
are
nth the assistance of the veterinarian of the
performing autopsies , it
in the fal� die before
has been found that four
or
unprofitable
as
Experiment Station
five diseases
in
are
,
important is range paralysis,
Most
largely responsible.
made to cull all birds from the
disease.
Chicken pox and infectious bronchitis
the state also.
A
breeding flocks whi ch
Bulletins have been issued
t�To-d8.y Extension poultry school.
vres
on
are
duels
as
well
as
these formulas.
to avoid heat
Feeding formulas
One
poultryman
960 turkeys
responaibf,e for
and
were
of
means
were
at
poultry
compounded for
has installed
to
all Federal
accepted
houses for
and local mills
so
a
controlling
It is
grade
now
kept
indivi-
furnish
in
an
effort
several of these
on
tL.e results.
gave assistance to
and prepare their
products
for marlcet.
graded and dressed by the s�-,ecialist J who
gr-ad Lng work in the State.
the
buH t
poultry houses
$76.00
hoped that
specialist
were
numerous
can
cooler for
that records may be
Under this project the
poultry producers in learning
shipped
have been
cooperative associations
Marketing:
1s
new
prostration of his chickens.
year
in
the control of these diseases.
the Extension Service and 100 old
will be set up in the coming year
During the
show evidence of this
held and members of the College of
Thirty-one
according to instructions of
remodeled.
being
are
Sixty-two poultrymen attended this school.
Poul try Management:
were
efforts
becoming widespread
Agriculture spent the majority of the time suggesting
poultry disease.
and
grn.de
set.
-67-
A series
of
These birds
meetirl€s
were
vTere
leld
in
Maricopa County
in connection with tihe proper
01' eggs in cartons with individual guarantees.
ing
a
premium of from
three to five cents
grading, candling,
These have resulted in
dozen
a
a.nd
over
the ordinB.ry
packing
bring­
run
of
eggs.
Turkey killing and dressing demonstrations have been given in four
counties during the year.
has also
are
The
poultry producers association of Pima County
carefully watched tlleir grading
usually five
cents
a
dozen
higher in
and
packing,
and
as
Tucson than in other
a
result,
eggs
parts of the
state.
4-H Club Work:
two
The
specialist
has
given judging demonstrations
in
county fairs and has attended 4-H Club meetings in three communities.
Judgi� material,
to the county
demonstration outlines,
agents requesting them.
-68-
and other material have been
supplied
RURAL SOCIOLOGY
The project in rural sociology
was
divided into cultural arts,
munity social surveys, assistance to farm o.rganfza't Lons
in program
com-
planning,
I
and assistance with farm bureau
held in connection with this work which
were
training school
for drama
directors of 25
casts;
by 3,770 persons.
a
which
production,
musical program
were
one
leaders'
attended -by 50 members and
was
provided for
farm group in
a
showing farm. bureaus how much the :presentation of dramas might
their programs J
ceseful
as
result of whi ch
a
one
farm bureau did present
surveys
discussions of current
and suggestions
as
add to
very
suo-
are
on
current
Seven survey
problems.
topics
reports
being made for their programs.
and constructive
have been
The
received,
specialist
has
State Chairman of Rural Service for the P. T. A.
The
of farm
county;
conducted to assist Parent Teacher
were
Associations to develop connnuni ty programs
served
a
one
play.
Community social
a
attended
under the cultura� arts program
Accomplishments
and
A total of 88 meetd ngs were
orga.nizations.
specialist
has
carried
on
people with their programs.
t¥JO activities to assist
organizations
The first has been to issue each month
'Program Service, tI consisting of suggestions for topics for discussion,
suggestions
to make
meetings
more
interesting,
and ideas for games and enter-
taiment features for special. occasions during the year.
iS3ued to
a
mailing list of 250
in the schedule.
were
group l.eaders.
Discussion groups have been carried
having been conducted
Eleven number-s
on
tluR year,
attended by 1,759 persons.
Ne'ttV outlines for discussion
were
with
Teb counties
prepared
on
56
disc��sions
were
included
"Sales Taxes
and Their Place in the Tax System,"
"Homestead Tax
Exemptions,"
"The Ever
Normal Granary,", "Wha.t Can Cooperative Associations
Do?;"
Allotment and Export Debenture
Effects of the Initiative
Measure for Homestead
and "Possible
Plan,"
Exemption."
topics from last
Two
this year, "Controlling Taxes" and
"Reducing
the "Domestic
year
Cost of Public
were
repeated
Improvements
Financed from Bond Issues. n
A
in
an
great deal of time has been devoted to assistance
effort to get them reorganized.
specialist for county
program
bureau
farm
bureaus,
presidents
in
the interest in their activities.
Maricopa County have taken
counties have
on
new
to
As
life,
ten farm
give them suggestions for increasing
result of this work,
farm bureaus in
and farm bureaus in Graham and Ymna
greatly increased their membership.
Miscellaneous:
The
and and Land Use
has assisted with the 4-H
specialist
Rouni-up
He attended the New Mexico School of
and with the 4-H Club Fair in Te..'1lpe.
Philosophy
a
prepared by the
specialist contacted
The
Maricopa County
were
for the officers and the other for the
one
entertainment cormni ttee.
or
'l\\T() handbooks
to farm bureaus
Planning meeting
in Los
Angeles.
The
specialist
arranged for Miss Ella Gardner, recreation specialist of the U. S. D. A,
visit two counties in the state to conduct leaders'
recreation.
The sessions
were
attended by
her suggestions in their programs.
for
publication:
ments Financed
The
Tv-ro
"Controlling Taxes"
1.36
in
leaders who have used many of
manuscripts
and
training meetings
to
"Reducing
were
prepared
Cost of Public
and submitted
Improve­
by Bond Issues."
specialist
has also
given assist�nce
to the educational work of
the Agricultural Conservation Program by conductine discussions and preparing
lnfor.na.tion
on
the points of advantage offered by the e;overrnnent proeram.
-70-
SOILS AND IRRIGfl.TION
The
appointment of the present specialist in soils and ir't"igation
became effective July 5,
first time the Arizona
specialist
in
and
The creation of this
Agricultural
.irrigation
in this field include
19.38.
and
new
Extension Service has had
�losely
range
in
placed
economic data and
a
full-time
Projects
improvement of irrigation practices, well construction
Improvement J
bas also been
a
marked the
related subject matter fields.
design of pumping plants, ground-wafer- conservation
tion,
position
stock and domestic water
charge of the work
program of instruc­
a
-
The
development.
in county land
specialist
planning
use
and
of available materials have been conpf.Led
bibliography
county preparatory to the work to be begun in January.
one
Improvement
and
� Irrigation
Practices:
adjustment of size of head with slope
J'Ork.
The
specialist
has visited all
and bas discussed with the county
Land
end difficulties of
favor in
some
conducting
important irrigated
contour
areas
bordering,
of the State
a.gent the possibili tiElS of underte.king
Due to the
field demonstration, tbis
a
of the counties •.
leveling,
of land will be considered in this
demoDstratiul'.E in d.esirable irrige.tion practices.
Bowever, much
new
time, expense,
practice
wor-k has been done
has lost
by the county
agents d th individuals in laying out their f'arm» for pr'oper- irIoj e_:a.tion.
specialist
it
on
has made definite
irrigation improvement.
out
'IUd
a
two-mile ditch system
spreading.
plans
in Graham and Greenlee
count t e s
The
for work
In Apache county the agent e.nd spec tr L 1st La id
on a
200-acre farm to to.ke the Ill:?
ce
of forIlle!'
This example will be used to demOTIE,trC'te the E.uV&rtot'_.ED of' the
corrutation method
to
owners
of' simihjr 18n(1� in the
-7�-
v Lci.n i
ty
,
Well conetruct.ton and
agent, the specialist made
the
conditions in
10
were
one
ar-ea
program is needed in this
PunJ..l>1-ng
In cooperation with
Plants:
inventory of irrigation pumping plants and
an
Of 45 wells and plants
of the state.
drilled and
proper-Ly
of
Desie,E.
visited, only
equipped for efficient operetion.
workt
and
plans
being made
are
.An educational
conduct it
to
during
the next year.
Assistance
was
given
to
water company in
a
the feasibility of
possible well development
for
irrigated
1,200
acres
of
survey for the
liminary
8
to rur-ni.sh additional v:rater
The specialist and agent made
farm land.
and
proposed' improvement
costs; they advised the company
county in. determining
ODe
to test
Que
prepared
an
a
pre­
estimate of
of its present wells 1\rith
or more
pump to determine whether sufficient VI-ater could be dev e.Ioped to justify
the
proposed improvements.
This has significant
Ground-water Cor_serve.tion:
specialist's program.
Five talks
on
the
in two counties.
the in
a
an
artesian
supply
state.
Results from this Etudy
are
expected
to
of the area within safe bounds.
next year in
an
in
serve
one
in
valley
work bas been water
Cochise
The
coopera-.
of the
keeping development
This part of the' program will be stressed
As
a
result of the agricultural conserve.tion
progrmn, this has become of great importance to range operators.
•.
is
specialist
The
were
effort to show farmers the r:eed for ground-v:ater conserve.tion.
Range Improvement s e
racfng
in the
subject of ground-water law
e;1ven before meetings of fam.ers
study of the limits of
position
spreading,
specialist
counties,
has
contour
furrowiI1€=,:
Lnspect ed various
but believes there is
a
and
subso.tLt ng ,
demonstr€tioD
need for
more
ar ee s
thoroUc_h
The
principal
end terin Pima and
st
udy �nd
report of 8.ctual costs.
�
and Domestic Water
�]-_O.£!!l�nt:
-72-
This work �ill irclude Nlls
end
small storage reservoirs.
largely
Work in this field this year bas been limited
answering personal calls
to
stress work in this
and
correspondence,
subject during the coming
Miscellaneous:
The
for
a
Industry,
soil survey in the
a.gencies have arranged
t1:e valley
Experiment Station,
the
and the Soil Conservation Service the urgent need
Sulphur Spring Va11ey.
cooperative
specialist, acting
in
an
agencies responsible for the
desirable
the county agent of.
specialist cooperated with
survey to
.As
a
cover
result,
about
the three
125, 000
acres
of
to
The
Federal
a
to
pl.anned
year.
Cochise County in bringing to the attention of the
Bureau of Plant
but it. is
areas
in Arizona for
has also been furnished to the
engineer in determinillg
Cochise County
the
advf sory
capacity,
Water Facilities
operations
and
has assisted the
Program in selecting
planning.
Special assistance
regional Rura.l Electrification Administration
feasibility of
to
-73-
a
rural electrification proj ect in
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