STli.."WAR!, DELL, McINNES, ANNUAL
STli.."WAR!, COUNTY AGRI CULTURAL AGENT
J. H. 0'
DELL, ASSISTANT COUNTY AGRICULTURAL
COUNTY AGBICULTURAL AG.1NT
ASSIsr ANT COUNTY AGRI CULTURAL AGENT
AssrsrANT COUNTY AGBICULTURAL AGENT
ASSISl'ANT COUNTY AGRICULTURAL
DECm4BER 1954 to
Summary of Activities and Accomplishments.
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Program of Work
Factors Considered and Methods Used in Deter mining
Program of' Work
Activities and Results
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Project H2-FertUization Practice
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Spinning and Ginning
#11-C1 trus Bud Selection
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Sweet potato Hot Bed
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Project IS-Weed Eradication
4-H CLUB 'V'lOBK
& Girls' 4-H Club Work
AGRICULTURAL .Aro'UBrMENT ACT ACTIVITIES
General AAA ActiYities
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Milk License and
Citrus Fruit Prorate &: Marketing Agreement
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State Agricultural Adjustment
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State Farm Bureau
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Agri cuI tural Extension
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SUGGESfED PROGRAM OF OOBK FOR NEXT
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ACTIVITIES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS
The results obtained during the year from Extension
Service activities in
Maricopa County have been much more tar reaching than was anticipated.
The surprising part ot the program has been that the major proj ects in the
County have been carried throughout the year with outstanding results, particularly those on
4-H Club activities and the
Greater results have been obtained through the
Agricultural Adjustment Administration programs than was manifested last year.
Many individuals who severely criti cised the program at the beginning ot the year, are now not only supporting it but are actually signing adjustment contracts.
ThiS, we have found particularly true in the wheat and programs, the cotton acreage reduction program cotton having increased from 759 contracts in 1934 to 1059 contracts in 1955.
we believe, is due to educational meetings and personal contacts made by
in the County who have so untiringly sup ported the program.
Phoenix MUk Market License and coming year.
Agreement has had one year's successful received from the operation and dairy producers a and very favorable distributors report that this is will continue :ror the the past
In carrying out Extension Work in the
2,123 tam visits made and a total or.
7,330 direct of'f'ice calls and an estimated 11,771 telephone call s,
Two thousand, nine hundred and eighty-nine individual letters were written with 194 circular letters prepared and
26,787 copies mailed.
Thirty radio talks were given during the year on agricultural subjects over
KTAR and through the
individual demonstrations were given with attendance of 1552.
285 meetings held and participated in wi th an by representatives of the attendance of' 8,268 persons.
Agent's office, their
It is estimated that over
5,000 farmers changed practices as a result ot the
CHANGES I:I OOUNTY EUENSIOB
(1) lom of
'he Maricopa County Farm Bureau 1s the organization 'Which directl,.
Service activities in the County.
During th·e past year, considerable activitY' has been manifested were by the
Two new districts organized and good strong looal Farm Bureau Presidents elected.
In June of this year the
Board ot saw ot fit to raise the County Agent's budg'et from
Six hundred dollars ot this was definitely appropriated for the carrying on ot
Directors of the Farm Bureau
Club Work in the
The office force has the same number of
At this time there is the employees that it had a
County Agricultural Agent,
Demonstration and one
Agent, three Assistant
County Agric:mltural Agents
Assl stant in Cot ton Adjustment, one
Secretary and t1 va stenographers.
It was regrettul that we had to 10 se
Poul t17 and Dairy work in the
County and Mr. J.
Agent handling 4-H Club
Work in the are
They have been
V8ey replaced, however, by men mom we feel capable and should be able to hanclle the responsibUities placed upon them.
It will be the intention ot the
'with all related
Agent the coming year, to cooperate agencies and give as much time and assistance as possible to the natil' organized Divisions
Relationship with these and ot..her
agencies to date, have been most gratLfying.
Program ot Work will be most
Workers in the
I then carefully presented planned to the by the
tor their careful consideration.
It is tor this planned
Program of Work will be carried out by
'each Director, to the
Locals and thoroughlY' discussed b$£ore asking the
Board or Directors to maka the final approval, in this Wt:q, we teel that many new ideas tending to strengthen the
Program, can be brought about.
Program ot Work can than b.
presented tor the tinal approval of the Director ot
Service and PreSident ot the
University ot Arizona bef'ore presenting it to the
and MUhQd§ llSed in
PmgraIg _ot.. �
Program of Work w.Ul
necessarily be buU t around the present
turing the past year, we feel that the major projects in th.a
County have been continued and in most instances, much more tar-reaching results have been obtained than anticipa.ted.
This was upon prima.rily
due to the tact that concentra.ted
effort was placed them, whUe many ot the minor projects were given very little attention.
It will be our the plan the coming year, as it has been during pa.st
year, to draw on the Experiment Station and the Federal agrlcul turs!
employees located within our
State, to assist in every was as possible to keep those projects that are ot most importance, in good or better shape than they have been in the past.
Pro:Ject Ac",Vlties and RQ�t§
Each member ot the County Agent's staff' will be delegated a definite being responsibUity as has been previously practiced, the
Agent responsible tor those projects t..i1at deal with general crops,
Agent try and
Horticultural proj.ects, Assistant Thompson,
Proj ects, Assistant
Work and the
Assistant in Cotton Adjustment responsible for the Agricultural Adjust ment Administration cotton program.
It is felt that nth the amount ot work that has been carried on responsibilities that have been t.."1.rough
this ottice during the past year,
that the regular office staff of' Office
Secretary, BArs. Martha
Stenographer, lira. Jean Ei var and
Dartt, done an
Gwendolyn Gurtler, Mary
Benson and O. L.
'exceptional piece of mrk in keeping up with the addition.a].
placed upon them.
Conferences are held weekly by rep re sentati ves of the County
Agent's ottice, at lbich time act!vi ties ot the previous week and plans tor the coming week are discussed, in this wa:y, giving each member ot the statt an what the others an opportunity to keep in close contact with doing in their respective line of the work.
During the past year, the Experiment
Station ot the
University ot Arizona has seen tit to maintain Mr.
Assistant or the U. S. Bureau or
Engineering in the
to carry on irrigation experimental work and
Assistant Horticulturist ot the
University of Arizona and Mr. E.
These men have been most helpful along with other members ot the Experiment station ot the
University ot Arizona who are called in to out our projeots.
Representatives of assist in the U.
Department or Agri-
-4col tun at
King and Mr.
Richmond have bean most belpful and cooperative.
This project has ceased to be a major project as it is only occasionally that an ind! vidual has a small spot or more located in a
40 acre field ot not over one acre in extent, that requires some method ot reclamation.
It is lastimated that have been assisted in during the year, some taking care of these alkaline spots.
A cooperative experiment on tertilization ot sweet potatoes was arranged with Mr.
Sharp ot Scottsdale and under the direction ot
Assistant Horticulturist of the
Four ditterent Commercial fertilizers were three ditterent applied to plantings ot sweet potatoes.
On the earlier plantings, practicallY'
DO difference was noted in the potatoes harvested from various plots.
A check will be made later on later plantings and it is hoped that some results which mq be beneficial.
to potato growers wUl be obtained.
O'Dell spent considerable time during the year accompaDling Mr.
Wharton in cheoking up on tertilizer plots on various vegetables these throUghout plots, the will be made
A report crops are on reSllts obtained from harvested.
O'Dell cooperated with Mr.
Wharton in planning planting test plot of blackberries at the
Four teen varieti,es were planted and during the ooming year, results of yield and 1ndividual plant behavior will be checked.
McGeorge spoke to 50 citrus growers the Madison School on
FertUization of 01 trus.
Mr. Wharton spoke to the
Association fertUizers tor v.egatable
the 'lear, 68 growers ot va.rious crops,
�ecial11 citrus, given advice on fertUization programs tor the year.
Irrigation Practloe in
During the year, soil samples were taken whenever tor the snme, from growers ot any crop.
These wera turned over to the Chemist tor analysis and made as to the proper use ot recommendations, irrigation water.
based on this analysiS,
During the past rear, through
Chemist ot the Branch
Labora tory located in conjunction with the
s office, some
S90 soU samples,
275 maDLlre and guano samples,
222 water sampl'es and 61 miscellaneous samples, as well as
15 commercial fertilizers, were
or a total or 961 determinations.
1s estimated that the value ot this service, it done by a.
laboratory, would be
A total ot 89 growers were given assistance in the application irrigation water, particularly with regard to obtaining batter water ot penetration.
fiJaa High Yield
This project was originally s
up to have for its purpose, improve the quality and increase the quantity or Pima cotton produced in the Salt River Valley_ For the rear of 1934-55 there were
2S members that was completed their records.
At the annual meeting which held on
29, 1935, it was brought out that the average yield tor 1932 was
264 in pounds per acre, in 1933
ro7 pounds per acre and
578 pounds per acre, an increase of 71 pounds over
1953 and 114(l& pounds over
The gathering ot this last year's information was done primarily by H.
Heard, Acting Extension Crops Specialist, assisted by the
Extansion Economist ot the
UDive�sity of Arizona.
Dr. R. S.
Superintendent ot the
Station at Sae5.ton
Hawkins, contributed materially to the annual meeting by delivering papers on methods ot production or qual!ty
The most outstanding factor ot the reasons why these increased yl.alds
have been obtained, lies ot the
26 cooperators that primarily completed that in the tact that 22 out w:>rk, had 5 feet or more ot water penetration in the soU previous to planting their cotton.
This year, 28 .tarmers
are keeping records and through Mr.
Heard, at that time
Assistant ot the U
Agriculture, by representatives ot the
County Agent's ofrice, took levels on each ot these fields and obtained soU moisture samples trom
,each field to a the depth of five teet.
This information, when compared with yialds from.
each field this coming year, should be most interesting.
In cooperation with the Farm
Seed CertU'ication Committee, the Agent assisted them,
-6or drought conditions in the Central and Middle I.estern· states, to certify to a>me
1605 acres of sorghum.
The fanners capable ot inspecting fields were taken to �"'te Untversi ty
Farm where a number of the sorghwn grains were g rowing and shown methods ot inspecting each variety.
this committee, some
pounds of hegan, 456,500 pounds ot milo, 61,000 pounds ot
50.000 pounds ot
Wheatland Matze were approv:ed and tagged, or a total ot
pounds sorghum grain.
Through this effort, the growers were able to receive cit an average ot
instead ot the regular teed grain price ot about
per hundred tor their seed.
Sorghum Through the Arizona
Crop Improvement by
Briggs, this office inspected
acres ot hegar!
that met the requirements ot registration and 40 acres ot,
Double Dwarf Maize which met the requirements of
VlWghn Barltl One hundred and twent1 acres ot
Vaughn Barlsy was inspected and found that it v.ould have met the requirements for registra.tion
had it not carried over
Assistance was ren�red Mr.
Elcock ot the
Manufacturing plant about one oompan1es to thousand acr�s locate of a so.tticient number ot growers sugar beet seed for· the purpose ot producing seed for the coming year.
Last year there were acres ot this seed produced in the
County, though these 12
12 produced better than
SOOO pounds ot excellent seed per acre.
Boswell Cotton soybeans were carried on by cooperator'
Company and the AiroOOID1 Department of the Uni v.arsity
of Arizona' who we were
�e to sufficiently interest to car:ey out a much more complete and
test on the University Farm at Mesa.
The make seed variety test carrled on by the Bo swell
Company did not though several varieties planted by
l4atlock ot the University ot Arizona appear to have some real tor the production ot seed tor oU mill purposesl possibUities
AaJ,a gotton duoed in
Seventy acres of first generation, yellow tag seed pr.-
Valley, were planted by
These 70 acres were meet this rogued and, found to be sufficiently isolated to regi strat10n requirements.
It was through the cooperation office that some five tons of this Acala seed was obtained ot through the Bakersfield
Agent's oftice made it possible for the
Agent in Pinal
County to plant some roo acres of thi s seed tor seed production purpo ses, in
Pinal County" as our
Committee were able to furnish proper credentials which the
Organization requires before turning the seed over to outside organizations.
SxP ® saqg were
Six hundred and twent1 acres rogued which should give us approld.matelr
ot sxP &) cotton
pounds ot pure planting seed.
This last season, arrangements were made througb the
Pure Seed Committee to expand the acreag'e planted to SxPm trom about 600 acres up to 2000 acres.
This was done on the approval.
ot the U.S
Bureau ot Plant
Industl'1 and evert grower who
the seed, signed an agreement to return all seed that met the requirements for pUN seed, to the
Committee and that which would not meet pure seed require ments, would be oU mil1·ad.
The gins also signed this agreement and are cooperating 100% in the program.
Ev,e17 grower ot S:xPSl agreed to an assessment ot 50¢ per to take care of the cost ot supervision ot picking and' ginning, to se(;l that none ot this seed was misplaced.
Plans are now under
')f tor further the are as expansion in acreage of this cotton in the reports from' the mUls in the East who have been usi�
SxP30 favorable as some
reports which we now have, immediate steps will be taken to distribute the seed which is now in the hands ot the
Seed Committee on an equitable basis to all growers.
Two thousand and to rty-six acres ot Pima cotton were inspected and seed saved tor commercial purposes.
Three hundred and forty-three acres were carefully rogued for foundation purposes.
This should give us
planting seed tor 1938.
Roguing of both
SxPro and Pima was carried on by the following indidduals:
Extension Specialist in
Irrigation ot the
Universi ty ot
Karl Barris and the
20, H. C.
Heard, Ian A.
Briggs and inspected the alfalfa fields that had made application to produce registered ehUeBll alfalf'a seed for the 1955 crop.
Besides th.e fields which were registered the year before, two new fields were passed, representing
520 acres, giving us a total ot
1488 aeres from which to obtain registered seed tor the
1935 crop, representing
this year was about halt ot the average crop and it is estimated that ot seed will be only about 200,000 pounds registered.
In each case, the Directors ot the
ChUean altalta seed growers association eted as field inspectors, inspecting threshing machines and pla.cing
atter they were threshed.
Rep resentatl vee field tags on the sacks or the
Agent's otfice inspected the cleaners before cleaning alf'alta seed and tags and seals were
on analysis by the
Agronomy the bags, if they met the requirements after
ot the University ot Arizona.
T'WO meetings attended by ot the ChUean Altalta Seed the
Agronomist, in assisting them to
.,rk out a more adequate method of marketing their seed.
An attempt was made to obtain a higher price for regist.ered
seed over and above the Common No.
1 grade of alf'alta seed.
Considerable time was spent on several occasions in company with Mr. H. C.
obtain cultural practice
Heard, in intoxmation inspecting as well as
1'1u seed fields to to determine the most were satisfactory means of harvesting.
Some 4000 acres of tlax seed planted in the
County this past fall and it was hoped that it muld be satisf'acto17 as it
'IOuld give the
CoUllty one more adaptable crop to produce.
Considerable growers as to· the publ!
ci ty was gi van previous to planting, warning dangers that t.ll.ey
would be contronted with it they planted cases, fiax in weed infested fields.
This was unheeded in several thereby greaUy reducing yields.
L'jotes were taken on the obsarvations and it is able to hoped at a later date, that Mr.
Heard will be publish his final findings on the fiu situation in the
Assistance was rendered the
Service by this office make a during the year as the former
Inspactor had failed to satisfactory financial statement and report to the
Feed and soma
Seed Division in two weeks in the
Washington, D. C.
Mr. Jas. A.
County in an effort to straighten out the records and
Preston upon the recommendation ot the hey trade and this ofrice,
Brookes, very responsible and capable hq grader, was appointed to 8llcceed
Since that time, vert satlsfactor.y
results have been obtained and the old indebtedness removed.
22, the Annual
Field Day was held at the
versi ty Farm, at which time over
100 tarmers were in attendance.
MatJ.ock, Ian A.
Briggs and E.
pressley ot the
University of Arizona and
HarriS, of the
or ture, explained their experimental work lhich is being carried on at the Farm.
In that during the past
16 years, since SxP&l cotton was isolated at the
Federal agencies, as
1bperimental station at Sacaton and well as the Un!
verst ty ot that Federal
Department have been car17ing on
_all variety tests and in that
SJd>&> has been earll,er in maturity and has averaged approximately
2fYI, more in yield
,was fel t by a number of Pima growers that it would be desirable to carry out a larger and more complete planting of these t'M) varieties so that the they might satisfy themselves as comparative differences in these two varieties of cotton.
Arrangements were made for some
26 acres of these two cottons to be planted, 13 acres of each variety,
16 rows of
SJrP30 and 16 rows of
Pima, repeated across the field until we had eight
16 row duplicates of each variety.
The £irst' picking of these plantings has been com pleted and results showed that the SxP&l produced 3100 pounds of lint cotton and Pima produced 2350 pounds, a difference of 1370 pounds in favor of SxP30.
Using the acre basis, SXP50 had a yield of 280 pounds ot lint while Pima only had
180 pounds per acre.
Because of this difference in it is yield and of the fact that it is earlier in maturlcy, apparent that
SxPro mey have considerable promise and to a large extent, replace Pima in the y-ears to come, in this
publicity on this untU final. results are
During April, Assistant
O'Dell assisted Mr. D.
Albert checking over the Valencia orange trees in the Omer McOullollgh grove near obtained.
Mesa., for trees ot good typ,e from which buds might be
This was the third check of the grove and a reoord has prepared of the condition of the fruit found on the trees during these three years and w1ll be the use ot anyone kept on rUe interested in Valencia buds.
in thi soft!
November, the Assistant
Bowman grove or
Agent for the same checked over purpose and the J.
completed a three year grove has proj eat on this grove.
A record o;f good trees in this been prepared and placed on rUe.
This proj ect was insti gated three years ago at the request of the Arizona Citrus
Nurserymens' Association, in an
�ttempt to provide the best budwood ob taina�e for the members ot the .association.
During January, a pruning demonstration was held at the A.
Bailey ramch near
Extension Horti cul turist demonstrating the proper methods of pruning older apricot trees.
Twenty-tour people were present at the demonstration.
O'Dell spoke to members o:f the
Phoenix Garden Club on pruning ro ses and general ornamental shrubs.
members wero present.
A similar talk
Club and to the Sierra Vista Garden Club was given to the
Peoria a.t later dates.
During January, a demonstration ot
Trees was held at the
Propagation of Pecan
Dr. lincll giving a talk on irrigation and cultural practices mich would tend to prevent pre-harvest germination and non-filling of nuts.
Draper gave a.
demonstration of pruning young trees.
Thirty-ii ve persons were present.
During pecans were
April, three demonstrations of grafting and budding held in the
Glendal,e and Madison districts respectively.
At the Mesa and Madison districts, the demonstrations were given
Thirty-three and persons the one were at
GlenO.al.e, by present at the
O'Dell, assisted qy
Draper, demonstrated budding and grafting pecans to two classes of the Tempe
At a later
Vthich had date, a check vdth Mr.
Draper, on the buds and grafts been put in during the demonstrations, showed that fair resul ts had been obtained from the grafts but the resul ts from budding were very unsatisfactory.
During October, the
Assistant Agent spent one day in the Yuma
District in checking over the axperimentBl.
which is being done in that district by Dr. Finch.
During the year, 15 growers ot pecans were given assistance in budding and gratting.
Pmpagatiop turing 14a;v, an
Offshoot Removal and PlantiDg
Demonstration was held at the Tempe Date Farm with Mr. D.
Albert and Mr.
HUgeman explaining the proper methods ot removing and planting off shoots and also of pollinating and processing dates.
Forty-five peepl e were present.
Eighteen g rowers of dates were assisted in dates and a great number ot the bulletin on
Curing ot Dates, was distributed during the year.
Pred act 114.l-Citrus
Assistant Agent O'Dall a.ttended
meetings of the Citrus Nursery mens' Association and acted as
Secretary at e�ch meeting.
Eight meetings were held during the year.
In February, a
Tour was arranged and held, during which, all nurseries of the
Association members comparisons made ot the different practices were of each visited and grower.
S!let Potato Hot
Agent's office assisted
Ibarton in installing
'electric cable tor heating a potato seed bed at the C. T.
ranch at Scottsdale.
Tbe bed was cable and thermostat furnished prepared by
and the by Mr. Wharton.
Two 60 foot cables ot 450 watt capacity, were laid in the bottom of the bed which was approximately
10 inches deep.
The cables were laid 8 inches apart and covered with 4 inches of soU, then the potatoes, at the rate of three pounds per square foot, were placed on top ot this soil and covered vd th approximately 3 inches of soU.
The entire bed was wet down at this time and covered with tar paper.
ot the bed in which the cable was installed,
Adjoining was .e
common the part manure heated bed which was used tor cable was comparison.
The installation ot the completed on
5 and the current immediately turned on.
At the up to end ot the third da:, the soil temperature had been bullt
The thermostat was then gradually turned down and all electricity was turned off at the end at the third week.
Plants were from the time of pulled trom the electrically heated bed in 50 days planting, whereas plant.
from the manure heated bed, pI anted 50 d8Js previous to this, had required 60 day s to turni sh plants.
From the 80 square feet of heated plot, 4000 plants were pulled on the first pulling and 5800 plants tViO weeks later.
So few plants were obtained trom the other end of the bed that no check was kept on the number.
The cost ot materisls for this installation was
ro for the cable, $11.00
tor the thermostat.
These materials were
The grower estimated that the cost of electricity was approximately 15.50
for the entire three weeks.
It is planned to carry on this experiment during the next year.
During Mq, a meeting was arranged at .Madison
School, at which time,
Schoonover ot the
Service spoke to
200 citrus growers on orchard beating and demonstrated the various types ot heaters.
AprU, entries at the
O'Dell assisted in the Phoenix
Womens judging the
Club Flower Show.
Testing Division of the
Improvement Association increased very two thousand and twenty-ti v.e
hundred materially cows during completing the the year, year's between records.
Division of the
Association practically held its own.
Sixteen herds 'With 641 cows, producing an average of
8171 pounds of milk and 315."5 pounds of, butterfat, completed the year's record
1954 and 9
1935, being about
86 pounds pounds
-of butterfat more than in 1934.
of milk less than
Feed costs averaged
cents per cow, which was than in 1954.
The average return was
per cow over the cost of teed.
Twelve herds completing the years record, qu8litied tor Certi ficates of Honor oftered by ihe
Association for herds producing
300 pounds or more
The Circuit grows in
Testing Division ot the Herd
Association popularity because ot its' cheapness, costing· the tarmer a total of is
6¢ per cow per month
8D9, because of the £act that if care taken in weighing and sampling on the part of the owner, a very satisfactory and practical record is obtained.
No attempt is made to get teed costs unc1ar this plan, Simply a mUk and butterfat record being obtained.
There are now
1509 cows on test.
Directors during the year, worked out a record card for the Circuit
Division ot the Herd
Provision was made on these cards for age and breed ing records for each individual cow, as well as a six years produc tion record.
In this way, the owner can compare quickly, one years record with ot the the previous or any particular month with the same month preceding year.
Thi s record can accompany the cow when sold.
These are proving to be very popular with the dairymen and another practical feature ot this division of the VIOrk.
The Board ot
Directors, in cooperation with
C.Minor, tester, buil t a.
trailer -which Mr.
Minor bas equipped with a complete testing outti
In t, water baths and other this wq, he is equipment used in running buttertattests.
able to run the test on the ranch ot the member of the Circuit -Testing Division and give him his record immediately.
School, Phoenix, picnic ot the
Association was held on
20 and was attended by at the U about 200
members and friends.
Market Milk Administrator for the Phoenix
N. Davis of the
University of Arizona, appeared on the prograui.
Agent's office assisted catUe bUyers from Mexico in locating about 60 head of springer heifers and young Holstein cows.
This office from time to time has advised with daiI7JIlen regarding their individual daiey farm management problems and emphasis has been the growing ot placed upon teed neoesaa17 a to balanced f'arm support the program milking featUring herd and young cattle, without which, it is vert doubtful if 8If3 daiey .enterprise
can in succeed and it has been the rarm suggested that a cash crop be included management program, as well as incidental crops providing tamily .nstence
and for family income, such
85 cotton and poult11'.
PmJ ect 12S=Di sease
Veterinarian's atfice in office has cooperated with the state promoting the Bang's disease control project being carried on under the Federal program tor the eradication ot this disease.
The.,rk of this
otfice, ot course, is entirely
It is estimated that between 40 and SO names of' daiey men applying tor this mrk, have been turned in to the state Veter inarians office during the year.
The last showed about report from the State Veterinarians office on reactors
14% positive to the test.
This is about in line with the national.
results so far.
County for the
Agent's office bled the herds of five dairymen during purposeof determining the extent of infection ot
Bang's disease in the under Federal herd, prelimina17 to having the herd placed supervi sion.
and I'roven 'Sires
OD this project during the year has consisted mainly ot cooperation with the Bureau ot
Dairying of, the U.S.D.!.
in obtaining data on the Herd breeding histories ot herds in the County that have been in
Improvement Association for some time.
A study or the herd ot James
Painter, of'Tetnpe, has been completed.
Work is now progress on the 'Mission in
Painter's herd has been in the Association tor ten years and the Mission Ranch herd, tor about six "ears.
Dairyman trom the Bureau ot Dairying, spent one day in the County helping with this work.
part ot the program of the
ture to locate merl torious herd sires and other outstanding breed strains.
We hope to continue this stutV' in five or sii: herds in the County.
8, the Annual Feeder
Tour was held.
Assistance with this tour was
Extension Livestock given by
Specialist and E. B.
Animal Husbandman of the as
University ot Arizona.
The University teed pens were inspected well as three other .leeder
On July 8,
Animal Husbandman ot the
Arizona, assisted by the Agent, held the
Annual Feeder Cattlemens'
D81 at the University Farm.
Much interest was manifested in the demonstration as
As noted in the 1934 Annual
Report, the Arizona
Association was disbanded and the Arizona
Association l"ormed to take its of'tice has place.
cooperated during the year with
Specialist of th.e
Arizona in carI7ing forward the program outlined under th.e
auspices of this association.
This con sists mainly this year ot testing ot flo eks ot hatch�rymen and breeders, for pullorum disease.
This lIOrk was carried on by
Cowart, in cooperation with the FERA.
Cowart spent his entire time in
A low testing nocks in this county and in PilIla percentage of' reactors was reported, runniDg below
which compares verr favorably with the record obtained men this "WOrk was started three or tour years ago when the percentage ot reactors ran around
This indicates that mere testing is carefully carried on over a period ot years, that the method is effecti
YO in tending to eliminate the di sease.
A series at nine poultry meetings was held during the last ot
Februal'1 and f'1rst ot
March, at mich, Clyde
Paul try Spe cialist discussed baby chicle management and other timely matters ot interest to paul tr.vmen
as part ot the paultey flo ck improvement proj ect.
Considerable time ot the
Agent during the year was spent in aidiDg individual poultrymen with their poultry management noblems•
time ot the
Agent's otfice was devoted during the year to aSSisting poultrymen nth their
This oftice has found the new
Veterinary Department ot the
Arizona, or mich
Dr_ WUliam Pistor is head, a great help in diagnosing poultcy diseases.
When a disease 1s properly diagnosed, treatment is easUy indicated.
Pistor also helped materially in diagnosing the trouble in disease outbreaks in several nocks of turkeys during the year.
During the month of
June, eleven meetings were held in
·d1tf·erent communi ties ot the County, at vbieb,
William Pistor of the of the Universi ty of
Department and Clyde F.
Arizona, discussed poultry di sease control in detaU, special emphasis being placed on infectious bronchi tis and general tarm management practices to prevont and control diseases.
These meeting s were attended by about 200 people and considerable interest was manifested.
For several rears, individual growers and organizations such as the
Farm Bureau and Farmers' Union and this office have been requesting the Experiment Station ot the
Arizona to carry on some experimental worlt to determine the most
'economical means ot control of Wh1 te Horse N·etUe and Bindweed or
Dlring the past summer, through the cooperation of the Director of the Experiment
Station and the
Extension Director of the University ot
Arizona, a cooperative project was drawn up whereby the Plant
Pathology Department of the
University, in coopera tion with the and
8 office, demonstrational work necessary to will
C8.rI'7 out such experimental give us the required information.
Tm elI':pier1mental plots were laid out and a program arranged.
One plot, consi sting of a piece of land badly inf.ested vd th WIli te
Bettle was selected in the
Chandler District and another which was overrun with
Nut Grass and Bermuda
Grass, was selected in the Cashion District.
Owners of the property in both cases have agreed that the land
1d1l be set aside for experimental purposes as long as necess8r,y_
A new sprq outfit acid, was ordered by the with a special boom for handling sulfuric
Station and dell vered to the
County Agent's ottica in Phoenix.
This machine was set up and gotten into operation by
Streets and Mr.
Karl Butler ot the
Department ot Plant
assisted by the
County Agent's of'f'1ce.
Sprqing with sulfuric acid and sodium arsenite and calcium chlorate was carried on on each kUling ot out arsenite, also plot.
In addition to thiS, individual plants through the through use the use ot a weak of Carbon the jar method ot
Bisulfide, solution was outlined
-16tor each plot.
Dllring November, a check of these plots was made and it showed that no resul.ts had been obtained on the
Nettle from spr81ing with straight
Sulfuric acid and arsenic sprey had killed the roots down to a maximum inches.
Bisulfide depth of 8 application was also veey effective.
Chlorates had killed the tops ot the plants but had not penetrated the roots to any great depth.
On the bindweed the roots tD a plot, the acid-arsenic sprey had penetrated depth of from one to tour inches.
The tops were completely killed.
The tops ot nut grass were killed by the spray but apparenUy the underground parts were not at.fected.
The appli cation of
Bisulfide on bindweed did not give satisfactory control.
A further check ot these report made at that time.
plots will be made during the spring and a the
Arra�ements have been made to flood irrigate a small
Horse Nettle area at plot in
Chandler, the Salt
furnishing the water and the labor necessary in carr,ying out this part ot the project
1s fUrnished by the
Considerable requests were received from tarmers in all sections ot the
Valley tor help in weed eradication but since no authentic intormation on control was available, no help could be g1 ven.
Thrips Contl'21 lUring Januaey, Mr. A.
McGregor of the U.
Valley at the request ot the
Agent's ofrice and outlined dusting experiments for thrips, to be carried on were during the spring months.
Two plots ot Navel oranges selected, one ot older trees at the Val Vista ranch Northeast or Mesa
The and and one ot younger trees
SulfUr for this
Sulfur experimental .,rk was donated by the San
5,000 pounds were applied to the tM> plots.
dusting was done all at the Col. Bumstead ranch,
West of by the grower under the direction of Mr.
McGregor checking on results obtained was done by
The report by Mr.
showed that very good control ot dusting was thrips had been obtained, especially men the first applied as early as
On the Col.
atmstead ranch tinal results show that on the treated plots, an average ot
9.17% of damaged
twas tound as against untreated plots.
At the Val
36.5% grove, a which was damaged check showed that on on the the earl,.
treated plots, only 4.11% of the troit was damaged, on the later treated trui t was plots, 18.67% and on the untreated plots,
61$ of the damaged by the insect.
McGregor believes that the
-17first dusting in both cases was delqed a week or ten days too long.
This was unavoidable this year, since vented aqr effective dusting.
high winds at that time pre
150 tons of bran and &> drums ot
Arsenite were received from the Government for free distribution in the County.
The materials were stored in the warehouse ot the
Company in Glendale and in the old
Plant East of
Tempe, on the Mesa highwey.
Transportation charges were paid by the Arizona Commission of Agriculture and
Two mixing stations were first opened at the above mentioned places rut after a short time, they were both discontinued due to the fact that no requests tor poison were had.
Later, the one plant was opened at Tempe and kept open only a short time and then discontinued for several weeks and the latter part of
it became n.ecessary
to open this station again and the mixing con tinued at that place until November 1.
lUring that time,
3,890 sacks of wet mash were distributed to growers and acres.
A man was applied to 24,026 kept at the Station at all times to Slpervise the mixing but growers were asked to furnish labor for the actual
Stencilled bags tor the mixed material were furnished by mixing.
The tormula used was
100 pounds of bran, one-halt gallon of liquid sodium arsenite and ten to twelve upon' the gallons ot water, depending dryness or the bran.
It was recommended that 20 pounds ot this wet materiql be applied per acre.
Excellent results were ob tained,
'8 specially where some attractant sucll as molasses, meat dried buttermilk or cottonseed meal was added to the mixture.
Following the suggestion of
in Yuma County, growers were advised to use the regular mixture and tor the control of the Salt Marsh
CaterpUlar in vegetables alfalfa.
A grower in the Gilbert District reported that the mash was ver.Y
50 tons of the bran are still available and 'fdll be used next year in combatting an outbreak ot grasshoppers, cut1K>l'DlS or crickets.
Iuring Mq, inspectors ot the Arizona Commission ot
Horticulture found quite an infestation of
Scale in the
Smith citlUS cooperation ot
North ot PhoeniX.
Smith, the State
Entomologist's office and Depart ment or Vocational
arranged a meeting to be held at the Smith grove, at which time, all interested people were shown the trees which were actually infested, and told of the danger ot this pest and what was being done to combat it.
Entomologist, gave a talk on the Y«:>rk
Yblch 18 being done along this line to the 175 people who were present.
During the year the following pests were ob served on various crops and.
assistance rendered in their control:
Ground beetles on and vegetables;
Caterpillars on veg-etables alfalfa;
Crickets on vegetables; Thrips on citrus, roses, melons, cucumbers and ci true
Cutwonns on cotton and
Seed Corn ornamentals;
Maggot on cotton; Aphis on lettuce,
IriSi.'l potatoes, orna mental plants and cantaloupes;
Borers in citrus;
Flea beetles on grapes; Red Scale
Scale on on citrus; c1 trus;
Corn earworm on citrus and
Cockroaches in dwellings; Peach maize; twig
Soft borers in deciduous f'ruit grapes, tr.aesj
Webmrms on cotton;
Bugs on ornamentals, dwellings and watermelons; Termites in dwellings and lawns; Grape-leaf
Skeletonizer on grapes; Potato stalk borer in
Flea-hopper on cotton;
Flat-headed apple tree borer in deciduous fruit trees and ornamentals;
Cicadas in shade trees;
Corn stalk borer in maize;
Bostrichid in citrus and
Scale on orna mental s and ct trus.
Citrus to use
In cooperation with
Albert and assisted by
O'Dell, an experimental plot was arranged tor in the
District fertUizers and various chemicals in an attempt to control mottled leal of c1trtls.
The materials ware furnished by t..�e
Station and the actual application supervised by
A check: on this plot during
Novamber showed no out standing results but it is hoped to oontinue the
Experiment through two more years and at that time results should be obtained.
Rot A mmber o£ growers of ornamental plants and shade trees were advised in the use ot
Ammonium Sulfate for the control or root rot and in cases where the di sease had not gone into advanced stages, excellent results were obtained.
Chlorosis and condition of
Very good results in correcting chlorotic plants have been obtained through the use of iron sulfate applied to the so11 and through the trunk application the same material to Eucalyptus trees.
Eighty-tour growers were given assistance in controlling plant diseases during the year.
The following diseases wee observed:
Root Rot on citrus; MotUed leaf on citrus;
Mildew on roses, grapes and verbena;
Damping-Qf'f on can taloupes and cotton;
Nematodes on tan palms, figs, cantaloupes and ornamentals; Crown gallon plums, pecan and apricot;
Fusarium wilt on watermelons;
Elm, umbrella and ornamental shrubs; Scaly
Bark on citrus;
Leaf on plums;
Scab on apricots; tomatoes;
Rosette on pecans; Fire
Blight on pyracantha,
Watermelons; Gummosis on ci tms and apricots,
Slime nux on plum; Heart rot on ornamental palms and Side
Rot of lettuce.
V«lrk done on
Rodent control v.ork in the County year was through direct office calls and farmers given during infor mation as to proper use or the poison and the issuance of for the control of rodents.
Fifteen hundred and eight poison individuals were assisted in t..i-J.is
progr21.a., treating 22,620 acres with roOD pounds of poi SOn.
4-H CLUB IDRK
Cll,lb Work six
In oonnection with the Mesa teams competed in the annual
Oi trus contest.
This contest was held jointly with the
Vocational and Agricultural
Departments of the
Thi s year's contest, the first annual event of this nature, seemed to be a worthwhile addition to junior agricul t1.lral events in
4-H leader at Tempe Union
School represented the County
Agent's off'ice at a meeting following the contest at which rules were set up governing the 1936 contest.
Fru Thirty seven hundred and twenty exhibits in agriculttlre, home economics and health were displayed in the Ninth Annual 4-H Club Fair held at the State
College at Tempe,
Arizo:la, during AprU.
An innovation was a
4-H polo match presented as a demonstration uJ the Roosevelt
This Club was organized and carried through by Mr.
Rooseval t district rancher, assisted by
Hamman, Laveen rancher.
Tempe service clubs presented a
Banquet to 100 first prize winners at the Fair.
Prizes other than were ribbons furnished limited to ribbons and by the
Service copies of the book "Holstein-Friesian
History" presented by the
Holstein-Friesian Association ot
in prize money by the Arizona Sta.te
Association, ribbons and medals by the
Club, baseball pennants offered by the Tempe
Chamber of Commerce and miscellaneous small items.
County 4-H of some
26 business and headed
The County 4-H
men of the
Valley, attorney, limited activities to an individual nature with the exception or t.entati
va plans for a
4-H Club JubUee in
Hiram Club and the Phoenix prog rams before the Phoenix
Lions Club and Hiram
Club of Mesa, during the year.
Six programs were presented by the
Programs were presented
KOY by the Rohrig Leadership
club members, parents and leaders made the annual.
most part, trip to the
Club Week for the paying their own expenses of
Clubs were organized during the year in these districts:
The most outstanding work was done by Rohrig Leadership
Club which carried to bili completion, two projects.
Club assumed the responsi ty for getting data and preparing for the
The report submitted in the placed Maricopa County first in Arizona and second
Western States Division ot this National contest.
The second proj ect was development of radio programs.
Eight programs were presented over
KOY and two over
KTAR by this club.
During the year, through the efforts of Ema
WUdermuth and Eo bert
Birchett, both formerly
Club delegates, a
Collegiate Club was organized at the Arizona State
As a contribution to rural youth, the
Extension Service office aided in the promotion of: a
cultural Fair in
Some 400 exhibits were prepared by boys and girls of
Kellogg, superin tendent of the Fair office that informed the due to the enthusiasm
Extension promoted by this activity, a vocational agricultural class was installed at
High School to begin operation in
Club bulletin rUes have bean revised and ref·erence manuals together, have been consisting of government bulletins, bound prepared tor reference use by the leaders.
25 with one
Egg show was held November entry.
Gavette won first place vdth Buff
Orping ton eggs.
-entry was forwarded to the 4-H Club
in taking stration team to the
October 9 to
20 was dairy judging
11th out of 20 for all spent by
Assistant team and
Show at st.
a dairy demon
The demonstration team
7 out or 11.
General Agricultu� Adjustm��t Act Activities
Maricopa general meeting s were held over the
County as arranged by the
Arizona Milk Producers
District, for the purpose ot educa ting farmers relative to the value of the Agricultural Adjustment program and its benefit to farmers.
Mo st splendid cooperation was obtained from these took a very acti v.e
leaders in the County part in presenting portions of the program and many in resolutions, wires and letters were sent to our representatives
urging their support; or the Agricnl tural
759 acreage reduction contracts signed i� 1954 and
1059 signed in 1955 or an increase at 280 contracts.
These 1059 contracts represent a base acreage at 107,167 acres,
74 meetings were held in the County to assist in carrying out the cotton program during the year.
1647 Bankhead applications were made in the County, 1210 or these were made by growers of short cotton and
457 were made by
Wheat to a
The 1955-�5 Wheat Reduction close.
Out or the
Program is gradually being brought original
57 signers for
1954 and 42 finished in 1955.
Thirty at these 42 have cleared
and the growers have race!
ved their checks.
There are stU1
Contracts that will have to have soma furlher consideration.
The total base acreage in these contracts is production is
80,458 bushel s.
5,521 acres and the base
The 1936-59 program is now under way and some
42 wheat growers have signed applications.
Tabulation sheets have been forwarded to the State Board.
Sixty-two contracts were signed with tha.t this is not a corn a hog base or 8287.5.
In producing county, there was no corn reduction.
All corn that is
here is used for insUage purposes.
Market Milk License
Agent's oftioa cooperated with the Arizona Milk
Association and the Dairy
Section ot the
Administration in establishing a
Milk License in the Phoenix market.
The operation of" the license has been' vert helpful to the producers ot this ma.rket where previously they raceived about ro% of' the consumers' dollar spent for fluid milk.
Since the establishment at the license in Nov.ember
1954, they have been racei ving from 45 to
50 cents ot the consaners!
Market Administrator has administered the offioe in an impartial, erf,ective manner.
One item of interest brought out from the records of this office, is that the so-called surplus ot market milk is conSiderably lower than producers were led to believe existed and 1n fact, surplus has been steadily de creasing since the establishment ot the license up to
:found because of almost impossible to maintain established retail prices chiselling on the part ot practically all distributors.
This seems to have been the
·experience in practically all markets where these licenses have been in effect and is in line with amendments to the
Act recently adopted by the
As a whole, the market mUk license has been of great benefit to the Phoenix market and it seems safe to say that it is receiving the support or of the practically ever,y producer and a majority distributors, bringing about a situation where it is possible to get groups together around a tlble to discuss their common and reach a solution satisfactory to a majority.
This has problems really nev.ar
no been possible in the past and it the Federsl
Government serves other purpose than this, the effort and cost will be more than worthwhUe.
Pror:aiLe and Marketing Agreement
Assistance has been rendered the
Market Director in the
Maricopa County otfice space in territory,
Mr. J. W.
Firth and he has been furnished conjunction with the County Agent's office.
Bureau during the year locals werEJ assisted in as and
Secretsey of the attended some organizing,
Rural one at
Maricopa County meetings.
Avondale and one at ot the
ot Arizona aided the Farm Bureall in organizing group discussion meetings on problems which now face American agriculture.
Eaiit active Farm Bureau Locals are in the
County at the present time.
The Labor appropriate
Department ot the
Farm Bureau was re-organized and arrangements were made to
The Board ot eooperabe in the
Supervisors ware urged by the
toward distribution of the poison bran bait.
Bureau continued to support the 4-H Club and
4-H Club Fair held at the A.S.T.C.
12 and 15.
Farm Bureau also
Amendments supported the Agricultural Adjustment
100% by sending wires and letters to the Arizona delegation in
.:>rk out ot the problems confronting rpoper administration
Program and Bankhead
special meetings ot the Farm Bureau were held at mich time
President ot the California Farm
Director of the Amerioan Farm
Bureau was interesting talk and Mr.
Chester present and gave a very
GrB1 ot the American
Bureau was present at a general meeting attended
200 farmers, at which he ga.ve
first-hand information on the value of the American
Bureau to agriculture.
meeting was called by the
at which time, the
County Agent obtained copies
Agricultural Adjustment Act laws and presented them at this meeting.
Several other meetings were held after this general meeting, at which time,
Assistant Agent O'Dell presented the state
Agricultural Adjustment law to the Kyrene Farm Bureau.
This law was further discussed at the State Farm Bureau
meeting held in
State Farm Bureau drafted a law similar to that ot the
California law but it tailed to pass the state Legislature.
attended the State
Farm Bureau meetings
30 and 31 and meetings held on
November at which time, the
Farm Bureau in held in
15 and drafting
16, resolutions af'tecting agriculture and also in drawing up bills that were presented to the State
Legislature, namely the
FertUizer Bill and Dairy
attended three meetings of the
Union during the year and discussed with ment Act and them, the
Agricaltural Adjust problems relating thereto.
The since its
Agent has acted as a member ot the
County Advisory Board inception and at each meeting, a representative of this ofrice has been in attendance to assist in approving or disapproving loans.
Assistance has cation tor loans in also been rendered individuals making appli
Wlrking out tarm budgets.
The advisory committee has met attended usually, every
Thursdq and some
7 meeting s have been by representatives of this office, up to date.
Assistance was rendered the
Rural Resettlement Division in
'WOrking out tentati va farm set-ups for a general.
Carm on a
60 and 80 acre basis and attended several meetings to assist those in charge at the lUOrk in the tarm units.
in detennining the most economical
has acted as a member or the State, as well as the
County, there have been some
258 applioations made, representing a total indebtedness ot over
Up to date, the committee assisted qy a most
Charles Gann whom they have appointed, has closed over
200 at these cases, representing a valuation of about
and kept these
200 farmers in their homes.
The other 58 applications are in the process of being closed.
There has been a seale down in this indebtedness ot over
Some 15 meetings were attended by representatives of the
A study of retail prices was made through this organization and a much more harmonious feeling toward the producers by the Consumers'
Council was brought about because ot activities at the
Servioe in this committee.
Talks were before two given by representatives
Club meetings, one of the
Club meeting on the Agrlcul tural
Councy Agent's office meeting, One
Act and its effect on agricul ture.
Agent attended the annual meeting of the
Commi ttee ot the Arizona Bankers'
February 18, at which time,
Secretary of the
turd Committee of the National Association was present and emphasized the impor tance of placing a farmer on an adequate budget.
The Annual Extension Conferanca was held
24 inclusi va at the
Universi ty ot
Tucson and a mo st worthwhUe program was presented.
The SUmmer Conference was held at prescott
17 and 18.
The main subject discussed was the relationship
Service to Rural RehabUi tation and Rural Resettlement.
Plans were worked out and whereby the tv«> agencies,
Resettlement and 'Extension
Service 1'IOuld cooperate with the
A;socia;t,ion and Club
Cattle in the
office cooperated with the Arizona J,srsey
Ciub in holding a tllO day tour or the
County, attended by breeders and at which, Mr.
RepresentativG of the
Cattle Club present.
A vert interesting and protl table time was spent.
The ottice also assisted the Arizona Holstein Friesian breeders associa.tion to put on a sale during April.
Twenty-tour animals were
Slld, averaging about
per head, including calves.
The sale was rather encouraging to breeders, their cattle bringing almost double that tor cattle of the same quality.
County Agent's oftice assisted the HoI stein-Friesian Club planning and conducting a tour of the
Valley, at which time, Mr.
Representative of the
Association was present.
Fair breeders and other
State Fair representative livestock groups
Commission tor the purpose ot discussing with the Arizona plans tor the proposed were
Agent's office met several times with groups or new fair buildings plans, showing size, shape at prepared in the
Agent's the breeders and other and the State
otfice with t.�e assistance ot vroupS and buUdings submitted to the
Agent's office cooperated with the Arizona Milk
The during the year in the operation ot the association, as explained in previous annual reports,
1s starting on the third year ot the cooperative plan wi th the Associated DailY Products Compa.IlI1
This oooperati va arrangement has resulted in an estimated tour cent increase
River pound butterfat tor all butterfat
of produced where marketed.
The in plan the is highly satlstactoey to the dairymen and is being carried forward in a harmonious manner.
The Arizona Milk the Federal
Association has actually supported
Milk License for the Phoenix market and was instrumental in having the license :established in November 1954 and unquestionably the success ot the license has been largely due to the fact that a great number of' are dail7Dlen producing
A milk members ot the Association and to the in the Phoenix careful, market, col,1sistent manner in which these organized daieymen, through their Association, have approached the Market
MUk License and cooperation they have given the Market Admlni strator.
Growers Association was organized in the fall ot 1932 'and affiliated with: the Northwestern
Association with headquarters at
It has operated very
satisfactorily in the tall ot
1934 and winter ot
The volume handled during this marketing season was slighUy less than that of 1933 and 1934.
Final reports have not been received to date because ot the fact that a considerable number ot pounds had to be held over in storage and sold during the report will probably be available about
Thi s was
The reason tor the lower volume handled during the past season due to the fact that there was much more demand for turkeys by buy.ers
and the prices were better than during the past t\\O or three years, however, the
Association served as an outlet tor the surplus turkeys at a ver:!
favorable price and without question, stimula.ted
competitive btzy'ing and prices paid questionable it
8ll1where near the same local locally.
price would maintained it it had not been for the local association.
It is have
The vert been
Growers in every wey
Associa.tion during the possible with the Turkey shipping season.
This ottice has
Turkey cooperated with Mr.
Asso ciation in
Manager handling the detail s or the of the
In connection with this work, a tv«) dq Government Grading
School was held in Phoenix with Mr.
Also, a turkey kUling and dressing demonstration was held at the U.
Experiment Station near ot the Northwestern
at which time,
Association was present.
Thanksgiving pool has just been closed with 500 birds being received in the for pool.
The outlook is very favorable tor good prices turkeys through the Association and we are looking forward to a largltr
VI. OurLOOK AND REOOMMENDATIONS,
INCLUDING SUGGESTED PROGRAM
OF WRK FOR NEXT lEAR
Proj-ect activities for 1956 will be carried out quite similar to those of the past year.
With the ment Administration program on wheat already
Agricr..u'tural Adjust out, one being pre pared at the present moment on corn-hogs, one on cotton which is stUl to be put in final form and one on potato
11 censing, one can realize that it is rather difficult to
Extension plan definitely, any projects on a definite or f'ixed schedul'e of time.
We realize that it is impossible, because of unforeseen happenings, for the
Agricultural Adjustment officials to have their programs completed and out in the fi,eld for tarmers to giv,e
amount ot consideration if to be previous to planting time, however, this program, adequately administered and obtain the full-hearted support of farmers, it would be most advantageous that every
Adjustment Program be
and ready tor the farmers several.
weeks before planting time.
As 1 t has been during the wheat program this year, and as it occurred with the Cotton
Program in the
Acreage torms and final regulations were not in the field in time for farmers to make their their crops plans and in many instances, had already planted so that it was very difficult for them to conform to any of the regulations
in the plan.
It is planned to continue the regular
Proj acts that are ot major importance, during the coming year, such as
Irrigation Practice, Pure Seed,
Farm Management, Dairy Herd Improvement, Citrus Bud Selection and Insect Pest and Disease Control.
Many of the proj ects which during the past lew years, will either be compl,etely dropped or usual only practice carried of as minor delegating proj definite ects.
We will responsibility follow to the
Agents, in order to cover as much and as many fields ot endeavor as the possibl,e and still not lose our communities and farm identity with the farmers ot organizations and other related organi zations as they affect the long-time Extension policies.
It seems particularly important that very careful consideration should be cultural given to the setting up of the
Administration commodity control contracts so that they will more adequately fit irrigated agriculture condi tions.
It is further recommended that the tentative
:rules, regulationsand contracts be hands so that placed in they may be taken the
Service out to the farmers for their suggestions before they are finally printed, in order that the program can be more effectively administered.
By this procedure,
-29it is believed that the .tarmers will feel that the program is part ot their responsibUity and will be much more cooperati va in assisting to carry it out.
Many more educational meetings should be held to famUlarize all farmers in the programs as well as the
County with the individual commodity general effectiveness ot the entire Act.
For this reason, plans are now under way to carry out a series of meetings in the County on the group discussion basis, under the guidance of
These meetings are to follow the suggested pl.an
of the Secretary of
* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project