Type EDL , Electric Double Layer Supercapacitors Ultra High Capacitance, Small Case Size Options Type EDL electric double layer supercapacitors offer extremely high capacitance values (farads) in a variety of packaging options that will satisfy, low profile, surface mount, through hole and high density assembly requirements. The EDL is a cut above the standard electrolytic capacitor in that it can act as a battery without having to deal with the environmental or hazardous material issues that batteries entail. Highlights - Unlimited charging and discharging capability - Recycling is not necessary - Long Life - 15 years - Low ESR - Will extend battery life up to 1.6 times - First class performance with economy pricing Specifications Operating Temperature Range –25 ºC to +85 ºC Rated Voltage Range 2.1 Vdc to 5.5 Vdc Capacitance Range 0.022 F to 70 F How To Select an Electric Double Layer Capacitor Estimated Initial Backup Time Back-up time for Type EDL Electric Double Layer Supercapacitors decreases with use and over time especially when the current is large or operating at high temperature. Be sure to specify extra back-up time initially to allow for product changes. Select the optimum supercapacitor according to applied current The internal resistance of the supercapacitor prevents drawing high discharge currents. Select the supercapacitor capable of delivering the peak current at switchover to back-up mode using the following table. Maximum Operating (Discharge) Current Series Back Up Time Example 0.047 F 0.1 F to 0.33 F 0.47 F to 1.5 F 3.3 F to 4.7 F 10 F to 50 F SG, SD, NF 200 µA 300 µA 1 mA – – F 200 µA 300 µA 300 µA – – EN – 10 µA – – – HW – – – 300 mA 1A Back-up time is the time it takes for the applied voltage to decay to the cut-off voltage set by the user after applying the application’s maximum voltage at application maximum temperature. Example: An F Type EDL, P/N EDLF105B5R5C (Rated at 5.5 V, 1.0 F) is charged to 5.0 Vdc. The circuit requirement is such that it must maintain a memory circuit with a current drain of 10 µA in an ambient temperature of +40 ºC. The memory RTC cut-off voltage is 2.0 Vdc. Using minimum capacitance, calculate the back-up time as follows: t = CΔV ⁄ I = C[V0–(i•R)–V1] ⁄ (i+iL) C = 1.0 F–20% = 0.8 F, R=50 Ω, V0=5 V, V1=2 V, i=10 µA Therefore, t = 0.8 (5–0.0005–2) ⁄ ((10+2) x10^–6)= 55 hours And thus the initial back-up time is 55 hours. After 1000 hours, calculate the back-up time will drop to about 38 hours. t: Back-up time (s) C: Capacitance of Type EDL (F) V0: Applied voltage (V) V1: Cut-off voltage (V) i: Current during back-up (A) iL: Leakage current (A) R: Internal resistance (Ω) at 1 kHz CDE Cornell Dubilier • 1605 E. Rodney French Blvd. • New Bedford, MA 02744 • Phone: (508)996-8561 • Fax: (508)996-3830 Type EDL , Electric Double Layer Supercapacitors Ultra High Capacitance, Small Case Size Options Life Design Type EDL supercapacitors have a useful lifetime that decreases with increasing operating temperature, humidity, applied-voltage, current and backup-time requirements. Expected lifetime is the product of four factors: Expected Life = (Lifetime)•(Temperature Factor)•(Voltage Factor)•(Moisture Factor) Lifetime The minimum rated life at 85 ºC with 5.5 Vdc applied is 1000 hours with maximum permitted end-of-life capacitance change of –30% and a 4 times increase in internal resistance. Temperature Factor To determine the effect of temperature on expected life of a supercapacitor, use the fact that expected lifetime doubles for each 10 ºC that the operating temperature is reduced. As an illustration, at 85 ºC and full voltage the rated lifetime is 1000 hours. So, at 40 ºC the expected lifetime would be multiplied by 2(85-40)/10 = 2^4.5 = 22.6 times. The Temperature Factor is 22.6, and for 1000-h, 85 °C rated life, the expected 40 °C life would be 22600 hours. Voltage Factor The rate of change of capacitance decreases with decreasing applied voltage. The effect on life extension is roughly proportional to the voltage derating, e.g., 5 V applied to 5.5 V rated supercapacitors extends the life 1.1 times. Moisture Factor Expected life of these supercapacitors is considerably shortened by operation in high humidity. The applications discussed here assume that the relative humidity is no more than 50%. Expected Life Example So, for a 5.5 V supercapacitor at 40 °C charged to 5.V in less than 50% RH the expected life is: Expected Life = (Lifetime) (Temperature Factor) (Voltage Factor) (Moisture Factor) = (1000 h) (22.6) (1.1) (1) = 24800 hours = 2.8 years RoHS Compliant Electric Double Layer Supercapacitor Construction Current Collector Electrolyte Resistor to Charge Separator Electric Double Layer Capacitor Activated Carbon Current Collector Resistor to Move Ions CDE Cornell Dubilier • 1605 E. Rodney French Blvd. • New Bedford, MA 02744 • Phone: (508)996-8561 • Fax: (508)996-3830 Type EDL , Electric Double Layer Supercapacitors Ratings Catalog Part Number Capacitance Voltage (Vdc) Max. Resistance @ 1 kHz (Ω) Case Type Case Dia. (mm) Case Length (mm) EDLHW335D2R3R** 3.3 F 0.3 12.5 23 EDLHW475D2R3R** 4.7 F 0.3 12.5 23 EDLHW106D2R3R** 10 F 12.5 35 EDLHW226D2R3R** 22 F 18 35 EDLHW306D2R3R** 30 F 18 35 EDLHW506D2R3R** 50 F EDLHW706D2R1R** 70 F 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 2.1 Radial Lead 0.1 18 40 0.1 18 50 EDLF473A5R5C 0.047 F 120 13.5 9.5 EDLF104A5R5C 0.10 F 100 13.5 9.5 EDLF474B5R5C 0.47 F 21.5 9.5 EDLF684B5R5C 0.68 F 50 21.5 9.5 EDLF105B5R5C 1.00 F 50 21.5 9.5 EDLNF104A5R5C^ .10 F 75 13.5 7.5 EDLNF224A5R5C .22 F 75 13.5 7.5 EDLNF474B5R5C .47 F 21.5 8.0 EDLNF105B5R5C 1.0 F 30 21.5 8.0 EDLNF155B5R5C 1.5 F 30 21.5 8.0 EDLSG474V5R5C .47 F 19 5.0 EDLSG105V5R5C 1.0 F 19 5.0 EDLSG155V5R5C 1.5 F 19 5.0 EDLSG474H5R5C .47 F 20 6.0 EDLSG105H5R5C 1.0 F 20 6.0 EDLSG155H5R5C 1.5 F 30 20 6.0 EDLSD223V5R5C** .022 F 150 10.5 5.0 EDLSD473V5R5C** .047 F 120 10.5 5.0 EDLSD104V5R5C^ .10 F 10.5 5.0 EDLSD224V5R5C .22 F 10.5 5.0 5.5 5.5 75 30 30 5.5 30 30 30 5.5 5.5 30 75 75 Stacked Coin Stacked Coin Stacked Coin Stacked Coin Stacked Coin Style HW F +85 ºC NF +70 ºC SG +70 ºC SD EDLSD334V5R5C .33 F 75 10.5 5.0 EDLSD223H5R5C** .022 F 150 11.5 5.5 EDLSD473H5R5C** .047 F 120 11.5 5.5 EDLSD104H5R5C^ .10 F 11.5 5.5 EDLSD224H5R5C .22 F 75 11.5 5.5 EDLSD334H5R5C .33 F 75 11.5 5.5 +70 ºC EDLEN204A3R3S** .20 F 3.3 200 SMT Wide Lead 6.8 1.8 EN EDLEN204RL3R3S** .20 F 3.3 200 SMT Radial Lead 6.8 1.8 5.5 75 Stacked Coin +60 ºC ** Product is obsolete and no longer available. ^ Product has been discontinued, replacement part is part-number below discontinued number. CDE Cornell Dubilier • 1605 E. Rodney French Blvd. • New Bedford, MA 02744 • Phone: (508)996-8561 • Fax: (508)996-3830 Type EDL , Electric Double Layer Supercapacitors Outline Drawing and Dimensions * * 30, 50, 70 F : +60 ºC CDE Cornell Dubilier • 1605 E. Rodney French Blvd. • New Bedford, MA 02744 • Phone: (508)996-8561 • Fax: (508)996-3830 Type EDL , Electric Double Layer Supercapacitors Outline Drawing and Dimensions Style SD 70 ºC Stacked Coin Style EN -10 to +60 ºC Surface Mount Notes: 1 - Style EN is packaged on 24 mm wide tape and a 330 mm dia. reel, with 2000 pieces per reel. 2 - Only Style EN is capable of reflow soldering. Peak reflow soldering temperature is 250 ºC for a maximum of 5 seconds, with a maximum of 30 seconds at or above 220 ºC. 3 - Do not reflow solder when the cell voltage is above 0.3 V. CDE Cornell Dubilier • 1605 E. Rodney French Blvd. • New Bedford, MA 02744 • Phone: (508)996-8561 • Fax: (508)996-3830 Type EDL , Electric Double Layer Supercapacitors Applications and Recommended Series Application Function Mobile Phones Real-Time Clock Back-Up Recommended Series Component EN PDA Real-Time Clock Back-Up DSC Real-Time Clock Back-Up EN, SD DVD Recorder Real-Time Clock and Channel Back-Up SD, SG Digitial TV Real-Time Clock and Channel Back-Up SD, SG NF PC, Server Real-Time Clock and Channel Back-Up F Mobile Phone Base Station Inkjet Printer Real-Time Clock and Channel Back-Up Time and Impact Back-Up SD, SG, NF Real-Time Clock and Data Back-Up F Electric Power Gas and Water Meters LED Light with Solar Battery LED Lighting at Night HW Toys Motor Drives Toy Games Real-Time Clock Back-Up Robot Real-Time Clock and Data Back-Up EN F Car Audio Memory Real-Time Clock Back-Up CDE Cornell Dubilier • 1605 E. Rodney French Blvd. • New Bedford, MA 02744 • Phone: (508)996-8561 • Fax: (508)996-3830 Type EDL , Electric Double Layer Supercapacitors Performance Data Voltage Self-Discharging Characteristics Versus Charging Time Part number: EDLF105B5R5C (5.5 V 1.0 F) Charge voltage: 5V Time (h) Charging Characteristics Part number: EDLF105B5R5C (5.5 V 1.0 F) @ +20 ºC 30 Ω Voltage 100 Ω Time (m) CDE Cornell Dubilier • 1605 E. Rodney French Blvd. • New Bedford, MA 02744 • Phone: (508)996-8561 • Fax: (508)996-3830 Notice and Disclaimer: All product drawings, descriptions, specifications, statements, information and data (collectively, the “Information”) in this datasheet or other publication are subject to change. The customer is responsible for checking, confirming and verifying the extent to which the Information contained in this datasheet or other publication is applicable to an order at the time the order is placed. All Information given herein is believed to be accurate and reliable, but it is presented without any guarantee, warranty, representation or responsibility of any kind, expressed or implied. Statements of suitability for certain applications are based on the knowledge that the Cornell Dubilier company providing such statements (“Cornell Dubilier”) has of operating conditions that such Cornell Dubilier company regards as typical for such applications, but are not intended to constitute any guarantee, warranty or representation regarding any such matter – and Cornell Dubilier specifically and expressly disclaims any guarantee, warranty or representation concerning the suitability for a specific customer application, use, storage, transportation, or operating environment. The Information is intended for use only by customers who have the requisite experience and capability to determine the correct products for their application. Any technical advice inferred from this Information or otherwise provided by Cornell Dubilier with reference to the use of any Cornell Dubilier products is given gratis (unless otherwise specified by Cornell Dubilier), and Cornell Dubilier assumes no obligation or liability for the advice given or results obtained. Although Cornell Dubilier strives to apply the most stringent quality and safety standards regarding the design and manufacturing of its products, in light of the current state of the art, isolated component failures may still occur. Accordingly, customer applications which require a high degree of reliability or safety should employ suitable designs or other safeguards (such as installation of protective circuitry or redundancies or other appropriate protective measures) in order to ensure that the failure of an electrical component does not result in a risk of personal injury or property damage. Although all product-related warnings, cautions and notes must be observed, the customer should not assume that all safety measures are indicated in such warnings, cautions and notes, or that other safety measures may not be required.
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