MCP4725 DESCRIPTION Features

MCP4725 DESCRIPTION Features
MCP4725
12-Bit Digital-to-Analog Converter with EEPROM Memory
in SOT-23-6
DESCRIPTION
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
12-Bit Resolution
On-Board Non-Volatile Memory (EEPROM)
±0.2 LSB DNL (typical)
External A0 Address Pin
Normal or Power-Down Mode
Fast Settling Time of 6 µs (typical)
External Voltage Reference (VDD)
Rail-to-Rail Output
Low Power Consumption
Single-Supply Operation: 2.7V to 5.5V
I2CTM Interface:
- Eight Available Addresses
- Standard (100 kbps), Fast (400 kbps), and
High-Speed (3.4 Mbps) Modes
• Small 6-lead SOT-23 Package
• Extended Temperature Range: -40°C to +125°C
Applications
•
•
•
•
•
•
Set Point or Offset Trimming
Sensor Calibration
Closed-Loop Servo Control
Low Power Portable Instrumentation
PC Peripherals
Data Acquisition Systems
VDD
Power-on
Reset
SCL
The device includes a Power-On-Reset (POR) circuit to
ensure reliable power-up and an on-board charge
pump for the EEPROM programming voltage. The
DAC reference is driven from VDD directly. In
power-down mode, the output amplifier can be configured to present a low, medium, or high resistance output load.
The MCP4725 has a two-wire I2C™ compatible serial
interface for standard (100 kHz), fast (400 kHz), or high
speed (3.4 MHz) mode.
SDA
I2C Interface Logic
Charge
Pump
The DAC input and configuration data can be
programmed to the non-volatile memory (EEPROM) by
the user using I2C interface command. The non-volatile
memory feature enables the DAC device to hold the
DAC input code during power-off time, and the DAC
output is available immediately after power-up. This
feature is very useful when the DAC device is used as
a supporting device for other devices in the network.
The MCP4725 has an external A0 address pin. This A0
pin can be tied to VDD or VSS of the user’s application
board.
Block Diagram
A0
The MCP4725 is a low-power, high accuracy, single
channel, 12-bit buffered voltage output Digital-to-Analog Convertor (DAC) with non-volatile memory
(EEPROM). Its on-board precision output amplifier
allows it to achieve rail-to-rail analog output swing.
The MCP4725 is an ideal DAC device where design
simplicity and small footprint is desired, and for applications requiring the DAC device settings to be saved
during power-off time.
The device is available in a small 6-pin SOT-23
package.
Package Type
Input
Register
SOT-23-6
Resistive
String DAC
VSS
Op
Amp
Power-down
Control
DAC Register
EEPROM
VOUT
1
6
A0
VSS
2
5
SCL
VDD
3
4
SDA
VOUT
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 1
MCP4725
1.0
ELECTRICAL
CHARACTERISTICS
† Notice: Stresses above those listed under “Maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device.
This is a stress rating only and functional operation of
the device at these or any other conditions above those
indicated in the operation listings of this specification is
not implied. Exposure to maximum rating conditions for
extended periods may affect device reliability
Absolute Maximum Ratings†
VDD...................................................................................6.5V
All inputs and outputs w.r.t VSS .................–0.3V to VDD+0.3V
Current at Input Pins ....................................................±2 mA
Current at Supply Pins ...............................................±50 mA
Current at Output Pins ...............................................±25 mA
Storage Temperature ....................................-65°C to +150°C
Ambient Temp. with Power Applied ..............-55°C to +125°C
ESD protection on all pins ................ ≥ 6 kV HBM, ≥ 400V MM
Maximum Junction Temperature (TJ) ......................... +150°C
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, all parameters apply at VDD = + 2.7V to 5.5V, VSS = 0V,
RL = 5 kΩ from VOUT to VSS, CL = 100 pF, TA = -40°C to +125°C. Typical values are at +25°C.
Parameter
Sym
Min
VDD
2.7
ID
—
Power-Down Current
IDDP
Power-On-Reset
Threshold
VPOR
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
5.5
V
210
400
µA
Digital input grounded, output unloaded, code = 000h
—
0.06
2.0
µA
VDD = 5.5V
—
2
—
V
Power Requirements
Operating Voltage
Supply Current
DC Accuracy
Resolution
n
12
—
—
Bits
Code Range = 000h to FFFh
INL Error
INL
—
±2
±14.5
LSB
Note 1
DNL
DNL
-0.75
±0.2
±0.75
LSB
Note 1
Offset Error
VOS
0.02
0.75
% of FSR
±1
—
ppm/°C
Offset Error Drift
Gain Error
Gain Error Drift
ΔVOS/°C
—
—
±2
—
ppm/°C
GE
-2
-0.1
2
% of FSR
ΔGE/°C
—
-3
—
ppm/°C
pM
—
66
—
Degree(°)
Code = 000h
-45°C to +25°C
+25°C to +85°C
Code FFFh, not including
offset error
Output Amplifier
Phase Margin
CL = 400 pF, RL = ∞
RL = 5 kΩ, Note 2
Capacitive Load Stability
CL
—
—
1000
pF
Slew Rate
SR
—
0.55
—
V/µs
Short Circuit Current
ISC
—
15
24
mA
VDD = 5V, VOUT = Grounded
Output Voltage Settling
Time
TS
—
6
—
µs
Note 3
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
Test Code Range: 100 to 4000.
This parameter is ensure by design and not 100% tested.
Within 1/2 LSB of the final value when code changes from 1/4 to 3/4 (400h to C00h) of full-scale.
Logic state of external address pin (A0 pin).
DS22039C-page 2
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (CONTINUED)
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, all parameters apply at VDD = + 2.7V to 5.5V, VSS = 0V,
RL = 5 kΩ from VOUT to VSS, CL = 100 pF, TA = -40°C to +125°C. Typical values are at +25°C.
Parameter
Power Up Time
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
TPU
—
2.5
—
µs
VDD = 5V
—
5
—
µs
VDD = 3V
Coming out of Power-down
mode, started from falling
edge of ACK pulse in I2C
command.
—
1
—
Ω
Normal mode (VOUT to VSS)
—
1
—
kΩ
Power-Down Mode 1
(VOUT to VSS)
—
100
—
kΩ
Power-Down Mode 2
(VOUT to VSS)
—
500
—
kΩ
Power-Down Mode 3
(VOUT to VSS)
Major Code Transition
Glitch
—
45
—
nV-s
1 LSB change around major
carry (800h to 7FFh)
(Note 2)
Digital Feedthrough
—
<10
—
nV-s
Note 2
DC Output Impedance
ROUT
Dynamic Performance
Digital Interface
Output Low Voltage
VOL
—
—
0.4
V
Input High Voltage
(SDA and SCL Pins)
VIH
0.7VDD
—
—
V
Input Low Voltage
(SDA and SCL Pins)
VIL
—
—
0.3VDD
V
Input High Voltage
(A0 Pin)
VA0-Hi
0.8VDD
—
—
Note 4
Input Low Voltage
(A0 Pin)
VA0-IL
—
—
0.2VDD
Note 4
ILI
—
—
±1
µA
SCL = SDA = A0 = VSS or
SCL = SDA = A0 = VDD
CPIN
—
—
3
pF
Note 2
TWRITE
—
25
50
ms
EEPROM Write time for 14
bits
Data Retention
—
200
—
Years
At +25°C, (Note 2)
Endurance
1
—
—
Million
Cycles
At +25°C, (Note 2)
Input Leakage
Pin Capacitance
IOL = 3 mA
EEPROM
EEPROM Write Time
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
Test Code Range: 100 to 4000.
This parameter is ensure by design and not 100% tested.
Within 1/2 LSB of the final value when code changes from 1/4 to 3/4 (400h to C00h) of full-scale.
Logic state of external address pin (A0 pin).
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 3
MCP4725
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, VDD = +2.7V to +5.5V, VSS = GND.
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Specified Temperature Range
TA
-40
—
+125
°C
Operating Temperature Range
TA
-40
—
+125
°C
Storage Temperature Range
TA
-65
—
+150
°C
θJA
—
190
—
°C/W
Conditions
Temperature Ranges
Thermal Package Resistances
Thermal Resistance, 6L-SOT-23
DS22039C-page 4
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
2.0
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES
Note:
The graphs and tables provided following this note are a statistical summary based on a limited number of
samples and are provided for informational purposes only. The performance characteristics listed herein
are not tested or guaranteed. In some graphs or tables, the data presented may be outside the specified
operating range (e.g., outside specified power supply range) and therefore, outside the warranted range.
0.16
0.4
0.12
0.3
VDD = 2.7V
DNL (LSB)
DNL (LSB)
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = +5.0V, VSS = 0V, RL = 5 kΩ to VSS, CL = 100 pF.
0.08
0.04
0.2
0.1
0.0
0
-0.1
-0.04
0
1024
FIGURE 2-1:
2048
Code
3072
0
4096
DNL vs. Code (VDD = 5.5V).
1024
2048
Code
3072
4096
FIGURE 2-4:
DNL vs. Code and
Temperature (TA = -40°C to +125°C).
0.3
2
VDD = 5.5V
1
INL(LSB)
DNL (LSB)
0.2
0.1
5.5V
0
-1
-2
2.7V
0
-3
-0.1
-4
0
1024
2048
Code
3072
0
4096
FIGURE 2-2:
DNL vs. Code and
Temperature (TA = -40°C to +125°C).
1024
FIGURE 2-5:
3072
4096
INL vs. Code.
2
0.3
+25C
1
INL(LSB)
0.2
DNL (LSB)
2048
Code
0.1
- 40C
0
-1
-2
0.0
+85C
-3
-0.1
+125C
-4
0
1024
2048
3072
4096
Code
FIGURE 2-3:
DNL vs. Code (VDD = 2.7V).
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
0
1024
2048
3072
4096
Code
FIGURE 2-6:
INL vs. Code and
Temperature (VDD = 5.5V).
DS22039C-page 5
MCP4725
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = +5.0V, VSS = 0V, RL = 5 kΩ to VSS, CL = 100 pF.
2
+25 C
3
- 40 C
2
Output Error (mV)
1
INL(LSB)
0
-1
-2
-3
+85 C
-4
TA = -40 C
TA = 85 C
-5
1024
TA = 25 C
TA = 125 C
-1
-2
VDD = 5.5V
-3
2048
Code
3072
-5
-40 -25 -10
4096
5
20
35
50
65
80
95 110 125
Temperature (°C)
FIGURE 2-7:
INL vs. Code and
Temperature (VDD = 2.7V).
FIGURE 2-10:
Output Error vs.
Temperature (Code = 4000d).
3
450
400
350
VDD = 5.5V
2
300
IDD(uA)
Zero Scale Error (mV)
0
-4
+125 C
0
VDD = 2.7V
1
VDD = 2.7V
1
VDD = 5V
250
200
VDD = 2.7V
150
0
100
50
-1
-40 -25 -10
5
20 35
50
65
80
95 110 125
Temperature (°C)
FIGURE 2-8:
Zero Scale Error vs.
Temperature (Code = 000d).
0
-40 -25 -10 5
FIGURE 2-11:
20 35 50 65 80 95 110 125
Temperature(°C)
IDD vs. Temperature.
Full-Scale Error (mV)
0
-10
VDD = 2.7V
-20
-30
-40
VDD = 5.5V
-50
-60
-40 -25 -10
5
20 35 50 65 80 95 110 125
Temperature (°C)
FIGURE 2-9:
Full-Scale Error vs.
Temperature (Code = 4095d).
DS22039C-page 6
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
6
VDD = 5V
VOUT (V)
5
VDD = 5V
Code = FFFh
4
3
2
0
236
232
228
224
220
216
212
208
204
200
196
192
188
184
1
180
Occurance
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = +5.0V, VSS = 0V, RL = 5 kΩ to VSS, CL = 100 pF.
0
1
2
Current (µA)
FIGURE 2-12:
FIGURE 2-15:
IDD Histogram .
6
80
VDD = 2.7V
70
5
VOUT vs. Resistive Load.
VDD = 5V
Code = FFFh
VOUT (V)
50
40
30
20
4
3
2
193
191
189
187
185
183
181
179
177
175
173
171
169
0
167
1
0
165
10
163
Occurance
4
5
60
Code = 000h
0
4
8
IDD Histogram.
FIGURE 2-13:
12
16
ISOURCE/SINK(mA)
Current (µA)
FIGURE 2-16:
Capability.
2.50
Source and Sink Current
3.50
VDD = 5.5V
2.00
5.5V
1.50
2.7V
1.00
0.50
0.00
-40 -25 -10
5
20 35 50 65 80 95 110 125
Temperature (°C)
FIGURE 2-14:
and VDD.
Offset Error vs. Temperature
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
VIH Threshold (V)
Offset Error (mV)
3
Load Resistance (kΩ)
3.00
VDD = 5.0V
2.50
2.00
1.50
VDD = 2.7V
1.00
-40 -25 -10
5
20 35 50 65 80 95 110 125
Temperature (°C)
FIGURE 2-17:
VIN High Threshold vs.
Temperature and VDD.
DS22039C-page 7
MCP4725
VIL Threshold (V)
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = +5.0V, VSS = 0V, RL = 5 kΩ to VSS, CL = 100 pF.
2.50
2.30
2.10
1.90
1.70
1.50
1.30
1.10
0.90
0.70
0.50
Half-Scale Code Change: 000h to 7FFh
VDD = 5.5V
VOUT
(2V/Div)
VDD = 5.0V
VDD = 2.7V
-40 -25 -10 5
CLK
20 35 50 65 80 95 110 125
Temperature (C)
FIGURE 2-18:
VIN Low Threshold vs.
Temperature and VDD.
Full-Scale Code Change: 000h to FFFh
Time (2µs/Div)
FIGURE 2-21:
Half-Scale Settling Time.
Half-Scale Code Change: 7FFh to 000h
VOUT
(2V/Div)
VOUT
(2V/Div)
CLK
CLK
Time (2µs/Div)
Time (2µs/Div)
FIGURE 2-19:
Full-Scale Settling Time.
Full-Scale Code Change: FFFh to 000h
FIGURE 2-22:
Half-Scale Settling Time.
Code Change: 800h to 7FFh
VOUT
(20 mV/Div)
VOUT
(2V/Div)
CLK
Time (1µs/Div)
Time (2µs/Div)
FIGURE 2-20:
DS22039C-page 8
Full-Scale Settling Time.
FIGURE 2-23:
Code Change Glitch.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = +5.0V, VSS = 0V, RL = 5 kΩ to VSS, CL = 100 pF.
VOUT
(2V/Div)
CLK
Time (2µs/Div)
FIGURE 2-24:
Exiting Power Down Mode.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 9
MCP4725
3.0
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
The descriptions of the pins are listed in Table 3-1.
TABLE 3-1:
PIN FUNCTION TABLE
Pin No.
SOT-23
Name
1
VOUT
Analog Output Voltage
2
VSS
Ground Reference
3.1
Function
3
VDD
Supply Voltage
4
SDA
I2C Serial Data
5
SCL
I2C Serial Clock Input
6
A0
Device Address Selection pin. This pin can be tied to VSS or VDD, or can be actively
driven by the digital logic levels. The logic state of this pin determines what the A0
bit of the I2C address bits should be.
Analog Output Voltage (VOUT)
VOUT is an analog output voltage from the DAC device.
DAC output amplifier drives this pin with a range of VSS
to VDD.
3.2
Supply Voltage (VDD, VSS)
VDD is the power supply pin for the device. The voltage
at the VDD pin is used as the supply input as well as the
DAC reference input. The power supply at the VDD pin
should be clean as possible for a good DAC
performance.
This pin requires an appropriate bypass capacitor of
about 0.1 µF (ceramic) to ground. An additional 10 µF
capacitor (tantalum) in parallel is also recommended to
further attenuate high frequency noise present in
application boards. The supply voltage (VDD) must be
maintained in the 2.7V to 5.5V range for specified
operation.
VSS is the ground pin and the current return path of the
device. The user must connect the VSS pin to a ground
plane through a low impedance connection. If an
analog ground path is available in the application PCB
(printed circuit board), it is highly recommended that
the VSS pin be tied to the analog ground path or isolated
within an analog ground plane of the circuit board.
3.3
3.4
Serial Clock Pin (SCL)
SCL is the serial clock pin of the I2C interface. The
MCP4725 acts only as a slave and the SCL pin accepts
only external serial clocks. The input data from the
Master device is shifted into the SDA pin on the rising
edges of the SCL clock and output from the MCP4725
occurs at the falling edges of the SCL clock. The SCL
pin is an open-drain N-channel driver. Therefore, it
needs a pull-up resistor from the VDD line to the SCL
pin. Refer to Section 7.0 “I2C Serial Interface Communication” for more details of I2C Serial Interface
communication.
3.5
Device Address Selection Pin (A0)
This pin is used to select the A0 address bit by the user.
The user can tie this pin to VSS (logic ‘0’), or VDD (logic
‘1’), or can be actively driven by the digital logic levels,
such as the I2C Master Output. See Section 7.2
“Device Addressing” for more details of the address
bits.
Serial Data Pin (SDA)
SDA is the serial data pin of the I2C interface. The SDA
pin is used to write or read the DAC register and
EEPROM data. The SDA pin is an open-drain N-chan
nel driver. Therefore, it needs a pull-up resistor from the
VDD line to the SDA pin. Except for start and stop
conditions, the data on the SDA pin must be stable
during the high period of the clock. The high or low
state of the SDA pin can only change when the clock
signal on the SCL pin is low. Refer to Section 7.0 “I2C
Serial Interface Communication” for more details of
I2C Serial Interface communication.
DS22039C-page 10
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
4.0
TERMINOLOGY
4.1
Resolution
The resolution is the number of DAC output states that
divide the full-scale range. For the 12-bit DAC, the
resolution is 212 or the DAC code ranges from 0 to
4095.
4.2
LSB
7
INL = < -1 LSB
6
Analog 4
Output
(LSB) 3
INL = 0.5 LSB
2
The least significant bit or the ideal voltage difference
between two successive codes.
1
EQUATION 4-1:
LSB Ideal
INL = - 1 LSB
5
0
V REF ( V Full – Scale – V Zero – Scale )
- = --------------------------------------------------------------------= -----------n
n
2
2 –1
000 001 010
011 100 101 110 111
DAC Input Code
Ideal Transfer Function
Where:
Actual Transfer Function
VREF
n
4.3
=
=
The reference voltage = VDD in the
MCP4725. This VREF is the ideal
full-scale voltage range
The number of digital input bits.
(n = 12 for MCP4725)
Integral Nonlinearity (INL) or
Relative Accuracy
INL error is the maximum deviation between an actual
code transition point and its corresponding ideal
transition point (straight line). Figure 2-5 shows the INL
curve of the MCP4725. The end-point method is used
for the calculation. The INL error at a given input DAC
code is calculated as:
FIGURE 4-1:
4.4
Differential Nonlinearity (DNL)
Differential nonlinearity error (Figure 4-2) is the
measure of step size between codes in actual transfer
function. The ideal step size between codes is 1 LSB.
A DNL error of zero would imply that every code is
exactly 1 LSB wide. If the DNL error is less than 1 LSB,
the DAC guarantees monotonic output and no missing
codes. The DNL error between any two adjacent codes
is calculated as follows:
EQUATION 4-3:
ΔV OUT – LSB
DNL = --------------------------------LSB
EQUATION 4-2:
( V OUT – V Ideal )
INL = -------------------------------------LSB
Where:
VIdeal
VOUT
=
=
Code*LSB
The output voltage measured at
the given input code
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
INL Accuracy.
Where:
ΔVOUT
=
The measured DAC output
voltage difference between two
adjacent input codes.
DS22039C-page 11
MCP4725
7
DNL = 0.5 LSB
6
5
DNL = 2LSB
Analog 4
Output
(LSB) 3
In the MCP4725, the gain error is not calibrated at the
factory and most of the gain error is contributed by the
output op amp saturation near the code range beyond
4000. For the applications which need the gain error
specification less than 1% maximum, the user may
consider using the DAC code range between 100 and
4000 instead of using full code range (code 0 to 4095).
The DAC output of the code range between 100 and
4000 is much linear than full-scale range (0 to 4095).
The gain error can be calibrated by software in applications.
2
4.7
1
0
000 001 010
011 100 101 110 111
DAC Input Code
Full-Scale Error (FSE)
Full-scale error (Figure 4-4) is the sum of offset error
plus gain error. It is the difference between the ideal
and measured DAC output voltage with all bits set to
one (DAC input code = FFFh).
Ideal Transfer Function
Actual Transfer Function
FIGURE 4-2:
4.5
EQUATION 4-4:
( V OUT – V Ideal )
FSE = -------------------------------------LSB
DNL Accuracy.
Offset Error
Where:
Offset error (Figure 4-3) is the deviation from zero voltage output when the digital input code is zero. This
error affects all codes by the same amount. In the
MCP4725, the offset error is not trimmed at the factory.
However, it can be calibrated by software in application
circuits.
VIdeal
VREF
=
=
(VREF) (1 - 2-n) - VOFFSET
The reference voltage.
VREF = VDD in the MCP4725
Actual Transfer Function
Full-Scale
Error
Actual Transfer Function
Analog
Output
Gain Error
Analog
Output
Offset
Error
Ideal Transfer Function
0
FIGURE 4-3:
4.6
Actual Transfer Function
after Offset Error Removed
Ideal Transfer Function
DAC Input Code
Gain Error
Gain error (see Figure 4-4) is the difference between
the actual full-scale output voltage from the ideal output
voltage on the transfer curve. The gain error is
calculated after nullifying the offset error, or full scale
error minus the offset error.
The gain error indicates how well the slope of the actual
transfer function matches the slope of the ideal transfer
function. The gain error is usually expressed as percent
of full-scale range (% of FSR) or in LSB.
DS22039C-page 12
0
Offset Error.
DAC Input Code
FIGURE 4-4:
Error.
4.8
Gain Error and Full-Scale
Gain Error Drift
Gain error drift is the variation in gain error due to a
change in ambient temperature. The gain error drift is
typically expressed in ppm/oC.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
4.9
Offset Error Drift
Offset error drift is the variation in offset error due to a
change in ambient temperature. The offset error drift is
typically expressed in ppm/oC.
4.10
Settling Time
The Settling time is the time delay required for the DAC
output to settle to its new output value from the start of
code transition, within specified accuracy. In the
MCP4725, the settling time is a measure of the time
delay until the DAC output reaches its final value
(within 0.5 LSB) when the DAC code changes from
400h to C00h.
4.11
Major-Code Transition Glitch
Major-code transition glitch is the impulse energy
injected into the DAC analog output when the code in
the DAC register changes state. It is normally specified
as the area of the glitch in nV-Sec. and is measured
when the digital code is changed by 1 LSB at the major
carry transition (Example: 011...111 to 100... 000, or
100... 000 to 011 ... 111).
4.12
Digital Feedthrough
Digital feedthrough is the glitch that appears at the
analog output caused by coupling from the digital input
pins of the device. It is specified in nV-Sec. and is
measured with a full scale change on the digital input
pins (Example: 000... 000 to 111... 111, or 111... 111 to
000... 000). The digital feedthrough is measured when
the DAC is not being written to the register.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 13
MCP4725
5.0
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The MCP4725 is a single channel buffered voltage
output 12-bit DAC with non-volatile memory
(EEPROM). The user can store configuration register
bits (2 bits) and DAC input data (12 bits) in non-volatile
EEPROM (14 bits) memory.
When the device is powered on first, it loads the DAC
code from the EEPROM and outputs the analog output
accordingly with the programmed settings. The user
can reprogram the EEPROM or DAC register any time.
The device uses a resistor string architecture. DAC’s
output is buffered with a low power precision amplifier.
This output amplifier provides low offset voltage and
low noise, as well as rail-to-rail output. The amplifier
can also provide high source currents (VOUT pin to
VSS).
5.1.2
DRIVING RESISTIVE AND
CAPACITIVE LOADS
The MCP4725 output stage is capable of driving loads
up to 1000 pF in parallel with 5 kΩ load resistance.
Figure 2-15 shows the VOUT vs. Resistive Load. VOUT
drops slowly as the load resistance decreases after
about 3.5 kΩ.
5.2
LSB SIZE
One LSB is defined as the ideal voltage difference
between two successive codes. (see Equation 4-1).
Table 5-1 shows an example of the LSB size over
full-scale range (VDD).
TABLE 5-1:
LSB SIZES FOR MCP4725
(EXAMPLE)
The DAC can be configured to normal or power saving
power-down mode by setting the configuration register
bits.
Full-Scale
Range
(VDD)
LSB
Size
Condition
The device uses a two-wire I2C compatible serial
interface and operates from a single power supply
ranging from 2.7V to 5.5V.
3.0V
5.0V
0.73 mV
1.22 mV
3 / 4096
5 / 4096
5.1
Output Voltage
5.3
Voltage Reference
The input coding to the MCP4725 device is unsigned
binary. The output voltage range is from 0V to VDD. The
output voltage is given in Equation 5-1:
The MCP4725 device uses the VDD as its voltage
reference. Any variation or noises on the VDD line can
affect directly on the DAC output. The VDD needs to be
as clean as possible for accurate DAC performance.
EQUATION 5-1:
5.4
V OUT
( V REF × D n )
= -----------------------------4096
Where:
VREF
Dn
5.1.1
=
=
VDD
Input code
OUTPUT AMPLIFIER
The DAC output is buffered with a low-power, precision
CMOS amplifier. This amplifier provides low offset
voltage and low noise. The output stage enables the
device to operate with output voltages close to the
power supply rails. Refer to Section 1.0 “Electrical
Characteristics” for range and load conditions.
The output amplifier can drive the resistive and high
capacitive loads without oscillation. The amplifier can
provide maximum load current as high as 25 mA which
is enough for most of a programmable voltage
reference applications.
DS22039C-page 14
Reset Conditions
In the Reset conditions, the device uploads the
EEPROM data into the DAC register. The device can
be reset by two independent events: (a) by POR or (b)
by I2C General Call Reset Command.
The factory default settings for the EEPROM prior to
shipment are shown in Table 4-3 (set for a middle scale
output). The user can rewrite or read the DAC register
or EEPROM anytime after the Power-On-Reset event.
5.4.1
POWER-ON-RESET
The device’s internal Power-On-Reset (POR) circuit
ensures that the device powers up in a defined state.
If the power supply voltage is less than the POR threshold (VPOR = 2V, typical), all circuits are disabled and
there will be no DAC output. When the VDD increases
above the VPOR, the device takes a reset state. During
the reset period, the device uploads all configuration
and DAC input codes from EEPROM. The DAC output
will be the same as for the value last stored in the
EEPROM. This enables the device returns to the same
state that it was at the last write to the EEPROM before
it was powered off.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
5.5
Normal and Power-Down Modes
The device has two modes of operation: Normal mode
and power-down mode. The mode is selected by
programming the power-down bits (PD1 and PD0) in
the Configuration register. The user can also program
the two power-down bits in non-volatile EEPROM
memory.
When the normal mode is selected, the device
operates a normal digital-to-analog conversion. If the
power-down mode is selected, the device enters a
power saving condition by shutting down most of the
internal circuits. During the power-down mode, all
internal circuits except the I2C interface are disabled
and there is no data conversion event, and no VOUT is
available. The device also switches the output stage
from the output of the amplifier to a known resistive
load. The value of the resistive load is determined by
the state of the power-down bits (PD1 and PD0).
Table 5-2 shows the outcome of the power-down bit
and the resistive load.
Resistive String DAC
VOUT
OP
Amp
Power-Down
Control Circuit
1 kΩ
100 kΩ 500 kΩ
Resistive
Load
FIGURE 5-1:
Output Stage for
Power-Down Mode.
During the power-down mode, the device draws about
60 nA (typical). Although most of internal circuits are
shutdown, the serial interface remains active in order
to receive the I2C command.
The device exits the power-down mode immediately
when (a) it receives a new write command for normal
mode or (b) it receives an I2C General Call Wake-Up
Command.
When the DAC operation mode is changed from
power-down to normal mode, the output settling time
takes less than 10 µs, but greater than the standard
Active mode settling time (6 µs, typical).
TABLE 5-2:
PD1
0
0
1
1
Note 1:
POWER-DOWN BITS
PD0
Function
0
Normal Mode
1
1 kΩ resistor to ground (1)
0
100 kΩ resistor to ground (1)
1
500 kΩ resistor to ground (1)
In the power-down mode: VOUT is off and
most of internal circuits are disabled.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 15
MCP4725
5.6
Non-Volatile EEPROM Memory
are transferred to the EEPROM memory block. A
status bit, RDY/BSY, stays low during the EEPROM
writing and goes high as the write operation is
completed. While the RDY/BSY bit is low (during the
EEPROM writing), any new write command is ignored
(for EEPROM or DAC register). Table 5-3 shows the
EEPROM bits and factory default settings. Table 5-4
shows the DAC input register bits of the MCP4725.
The MCP4725 device has a 14-bit wide EEPROM
memory to store configuration bit (2 bits) and DAC
input data (12 bits). These bits are readable and re-writable with I2C interface commands. The device has an
on-chip charge pump circuit to write the EEPROM
memory bits without using an external program voltage.
The EEPROM writing operation is initiated when the
device receives an EEPROM write command (C2 = 0,
C1 = 1, C0 = 1). The configuration and writing data bits
TABLE 5-3:
Bit
Name
Bit
Function
PD1
0
Bit
Function
Note 1:
D11
D10
D9
D8
0 (1)
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
0
0
0
0
DAC Input Data (12 bits)
1 (2)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
See Table 5-2 for details.
Bit D11 = ‘1’ (while all other bits are “0”) enables the device to output 0.5 * VDD (= middle scale output).
TABLE 5-4:
Bit
Name
PD0
Power-Down
Select
(2 bits)
Factory
Default
Value
Note 1:
2:
EEPROM MEMORY AND FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS
(TOTAL NUMBER OF BITS: 14 BITS)
DAC REGISTER
C2 C1 C0
Command
Type
RDY/
POR PD1 PD0 D11 D10 D9
BSY
(1)
PowerDown
Select
D8
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Data (12 bits)
Write EEPROM status indication bit (0:EEPROM write is not completed. 1:EEPROM write is complete.)
DS22039C-page 16
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
When the device is connected to the I2C bus line, the
device is working as a slave device. The Master (MCU)
can write/read the DAC input register or EEPROM
using the I2C interface command. The MCP4725
device address contains four fixed bits ( 1100 = device
code) and three address bits (A2, A1, A0). The A2 and
A1 bits are hard-wired during manufacturing, and A0 bit
is determined by the logic state of A0 pin. The A0 pin
can be connected to VDD or VSS, or actively driven by
digital logic levels.
The following sections describe the communication
protocol to send or read the data code and write/read
the EEPROM using the I2C interface. See Section 7.0
“I2C Serial Interface Communication”.
6.1
Write Commands
The write commands are used to load the configuration
bits and DAC input code to the DAC register, or to write
to the EEPROM of the device. The write command
types are defined by using three write command type
bits (C2, C1, C0). Table 6-2 shows the write command
types and their functions. There are three command
types for the MCP4725. The four “reserved” commands
in Table 6-2 are for future use. The MCP4725 ignores
the “reserved” commands. Write command protocol
examples are shown in Figure 6-1 and Figure 6-2.
The input data code is coded as shown in Table 6-1.
The MSB of the data is always transmitted first and the
format is unipolar binary.
TABLE 6-1:
INPUT DATA CODING
Input Code
Nominal Output Voltage
(V)
111111111111 (FFFh)
VDD - 1 LSB
111111111110 (FFEh)
VDD - 2 LSB
000000000010 (002h)
2 LSB
000000000001 (001h)
1 LSB
000000000000 (000h)
0
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
6.1.1
WRITE COMMAND FOR FAST
MODE (C2 = 0, C1 = 0, C0 = X,
X = DON’T CARE)
The fast write command is used to update the DAC
register. The data in the EEPROM of the device is not
affected by this command. This command updates
Power-Down mode selection bits (PD1 and PD0) and
12 bits of the DAC input code in the DAC register.
Figure 6-1 shows an example of the fast write
command for the MCP4725 device.
6.1.2
WRITE COMMAND FOR DAC INPUT
REGISTER (C2 = 0, C1 = 1, C0 = 0)
In MCP4725, this command performs the same
function as the Fast Mode command in Section 6.1.1
“Write Command for Fast mode (C2 = 0, C1 = 0,
C0 = X, X = Don’t Care)”. Figure 6-2 shows the write
command protocol for the MCP4725.
As shown in Figure 6-2, the D11 - D0 bits in the third
and fourth bytes are DAC input data. The last 4 bits (X,
X, X, X) in the fourth byte are don’t care bits.
The device executes the Master’s write command after
receiving the last byte (4th byte). The Master can send
a STOP bit to terminate the current sequence, or send
a Repeated START bit followed by an address byte. If
the device receives three data bytes continuously after
the 4th byte, it updates from the 2nd to the 4th data
bytes with the last three input data bytes.
The contents of the register are updated at the end of
the 4th byte. The device ignores any partially received
data bytes if the I2C communication with the Master
ends before completing the 4th byte.
6.1.3
WRITE COMMAND FOR DAC INPUT
REGISTER AND EEPROM
(C2 = 0, C1 = 1, C0 = 1)
When the device receives this command, it (a) loads
the configuration and data bits to the DAC register, and
(b) also writes the EEPROM. When the device is
writing the EEPROM, the RDY/BSY bit goes low and
stays low until the EEPROM write operation is
completed. The state of the RDY/BSY bit can be
monitored by a read command. Figure 6-2 shows the
details of the this write command protocol and
Figure 6-3 shows the details of the read command.
DS22039C-page 17
MCP4725
TABLE 6-2:
WRITE COMMAND TYPE
C2 C1 C0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
Note
0
0
1
1
1:
2:
Function
Command Name
X
X
0
1
Fast Mode
This command is used to change the DAC register. EEPROM is not affected
“
“
Write DAC Register
Load configuration bits and data code to the DAC Register
Write DAC Register
(a) Load configuration bits and data code to the DAC Register
and
and
EEPROM
(b) also write the EEPROM
0
Reserved
Reserved for future use
1
Reserved
Reserved for future use
0
Reserved
Reserved for future use
1
Reserved
Reserved for future use
X = Dont’ Care. Fast Mode does not use C0 bit.
The MCP4725 ignores the “Reserved” commands.
Change DAC Code in Fast Mode: (C2,C1) = (0,0)
ACK (MCP4725)
2nd byte
1st byte (Device Addressing)
1
1
0
0 A2 A1 A0 0
0
R/W
Device Code
Start Bit
see Note 2
ACK (MCP4725)
ACK (MCP4725)
3rd byte
0 PD1 PD0 D11 D10 D9 D8
D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
DAC Register Data (12 bits)
Power Down Select
Address
Bits
see Note 1
Stop Bit
Fast Mode Command (C2, C1 = 0, 0)
Read/Write Command
Repeat bytes of 2nd and 3rd bytes
3rd byte
2nd byte
0
Stop Bit
0 PD1 PD0 D11 D10 D9 D8
D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
ACK (MCP4725)
ACK (MCP4725)
see Note 2
Note 1: A2 and A1 bits are programmed at the factory by hard-wired, and A0 bit is determined by the logic state
of A0 pin.
2: The device updates VOUT at the falling edge of the ACK pulse of the 3rd byte.
FIGURE 6-1:
DS22039C-page 18
Write Command for Fast Mode.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
(A) Write DAC Register: (C2, C1, C0) = (0,1,0) or
(B) Write DAC Register and EEPROM: (C2, C1, C0) = (0,1,1)
ACK (MCP4725)
1st byte (Device Addressing)
1
1
0
0 A2 A1 A0
0
Device Code Address Bits
Start Bit
ACK (MCP4725)
2nd byte
C2 C1 C0
X
X
3rd byte
PD1 PD0
D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4
Unused
Unused
R/W
X
4th byte
D3 D2 D1 D0 X X X X
DAC Register Data (12 bits)
Unused
Power Down Selection
Write Command Type:
Write DAC Register: (C2 = 0, C1 = 1, C0 = 0)
Write DAC Register and EEPROM: (C2 = 0, C1 = 1, C0 = 1). See Note 1
Stop
Bit
• The device updates the VOUT after this ACK pulse is issued.
• For EEPROM Write:
- The Charge Pump initiates the EEPROM writing sequence at the falling edge of this ACK pulse.
- The RDY/BSY bit (pin) goes “low” at the falling edge of this ACK pulse and back to “high” immediately after
the EEPROM write is completed.
Repeat Bytes of 2nd - 4th bytes
ACK (MCP4725)
2nd byte
C2 C1 C0 X
Note 1:
X PD1PD0 X
ACK (MCP4725)
3rd byte
4th byte
D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4
D3 D2 D1 D0 X X X X
Stop
Bit
RDY/BSY bit stays “low” during the EEPROM write. Any new write command including repeat bytes during the
EEPROM write mode is ignored.
The RDY/BSY bit sets to “high” after the EEPROM write is completed.
FIGURE 6-2:
Write Commands for DAC Input Register and EEPROM.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 19
MCP4725
6.2
READ COMMAND
If the R/W bit is set to a logic “high”, then the device
outputs on SDA pin, the DAC register and EEPROM
data. Figure 6-3 shows an example of reading the
register and EEPROM data. The 2nd byte in Figure 6-3
indicates the current condition of the device operation.
The RDY/BSY bit indicates EEPROM writing status.
The RDY/BSY bit stays low during EEPROM writng
and high when the writing is completed..
1
1
0
0
ACK (Master)
ACK (MCP4725)
Read Command
1st byte
A2 A1 A0
1
R/W
Device Code Address Bits
Start Bit
ACK (Master)
2nd byte
3rd byte
RDY/
BSY POR X X X PD1 PD0 X
D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4
Current Settings
in DAC Register
See Note 2
4th byte
D3 D2 D1 D0 X X X X
DAC register Data (12 bits)
EEPROM Write Status Indicate Bit
(1: Completed, 0: Incomplete)
ACK (Master)
5th byte
Stop
Bit
6th byte
X PD1 PD0 X D11 D10 D9 D8
D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
EEPROM Data
Note 1: Bytes 2 - 6 are repeated in repeat bytes after byte 6.
2: X is don’t care bit.
FIGURE 6-3:
DS22039C-page 20
Read Command and Output Data Format.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
7.0
7.1
I2C SERIAL INTERFACE
COMMUNICATION
OVERVIEW
The MCP4725 device uses a two-wire I2C serial
interface that can operate on a standard, fast or high
speed mode. A device that sends data onto the bus is
defined as transmitter, and a device receiving data as
receiver. The bus has to be controlled by a master
device which generates the serial clock (SCL), controls
the bus access and generates the START and STOP
conditions. The MCP4725 device works as slave. Both
master and slave can operate as transmitter or
receiver, but the master device determines which mode
is activated. An example of hardware connection
diagram is shown in Figure 8-1. Communication is
initiated by the master (microcontroller) which sends
the START bit, followed by the slave address byte. The
first byte transmitted is always the slave address byte,
which contains the device code, the address bits, and
the R/W bit. The device code for the MCP4725 device
is 1100.
When the device receives a read command (R/W = 1),
it transmits the contents of the DAC input register and
EEPROM. A non-acknowledge (NAK) or repeated start
bit can be transmitted at any time. See Figure 6-3 for
the read operation example. If writing to the device (R/
W = 0), the device will expect write command type bits
in the following byte. See Figure 6-1 and Figure 6-2 for
the write operation examples.
7.2
Device Addressing
The address byte is the first byte received following the
START condition from the master device. The first part
of the address byte consists of a 4-bit device code
which is set to 1100 for the MCP4725. The device code
is followed by three address bits (A2, A1, A0) which are
programmed as follows:
• The choice of A2 and A1 bits are provided by the
customer as part of the ordering process. These
bits are then programmed (hard-wired) during
manufacturing
• The A2 and A1 are programmed to ‘00’ (default),
if not requested by customer
• A0 bit is determined by the logic state of A0 pin.
The A0 pin can be tied to VDD or VSS, or can be
actively driven by digital logic levels. The advantage of using the A0 pin is that the users can control the A0 bit on their application PCB circuit and
also two identical MCP4725 devices can be used
on the same bus line.
When the device receives an address byte, it compares
the logic state of the A0 pin with the A0 address bit
received before responding with the acknowledge bit.
The logic state of the A0 pin needs to be set prior to the
interface communication.
Acknowledge bit
Start bit
Read/Write bit
R/W
Slave Address
The MCP4725 supports all three I2C operating modes:
ACK
Address Byte
• Standard Mode: bit rates up to 100 kbit/s
• Fast Mode: bit rates up to 400 kbit/s
• High Speed Mode (HS mode): bit rates up to
3.4 Mbit/s
Slave Address for MCP4725
Device Code
Refer to the Phillips I2C document for more details of
the I2C specifications.
1
1
0
Address Bits
0
A2
A1
A0
Note: A2 and A1: Programmed (hard-wired) at the factory.
Please Contact Microchip Technology Inc. for A2 and
A1 programming options.
A0: Use the logic level state of A0 pin.
FIGURE 7-1:
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Device Addressing
DS22039C-page 21
MCP4725
7.3
General Call
7.5
I2C BUS CHARACTERISTICS
The MCP4725 device acknowledges the general call
address (0x00 in the first byte). The meaning of the
general call address is always specified in the second
byte (see Figure 7-2). The I2C specification does not
allow to use “00000000” (00h) in the second byte.
Please refer to the Phillips I2C document for more
details of the General Call specifications. The
MCP4725 supports the following general calls:
The I2C specification defines the following bus
protocol:
7.3.1
Accordingly, the following bus conditions have been
defined using Figure 7-3.
GENERAL CALL RESET
The general reset occurs if the second byte is
“00000110” (06h). At the acknowledgement of this
byte, the device will abort current conversion and
perform an internal reset similar to a power-on-reset
(POR). Immediately after this reset event, the device
uploads the contents of the EEPROM into the DAC
register.
7.3.2
GENERAL CALL WAKE-UP
If the second byte is “00001001” (09h), the device will
reset the power-down bits. After receiving this command, the power-down bits of the DAC register are set
to a normal operation (PD1, PD2 = 0,0). The
power-down bit settings in EEPROM are not affected.
ACK
ACK
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A x x
First Byte
(General Call Address)
FIGURE 7-2:
Format.
7.4
LSB
x x x x x x A
Second Byte
General Call Address
• Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus
is not busy.
• During data transfer, the data line must remain
stable whenever the clock line is HIGH. Changes
in the data line while the clock line is HIGH will be
interpreted as a START or STOP condition.
7.5.1
BUS NOT BUSY (A)
Both data and clock lines remain HIGH.
7.5.2
START DATA TRANSFER (B)
A HIGH to LOW transition of the SDA line while the
clock (SCL) is HIGH determines a START condition.
All commands must be preceded by a START
condition.
7.5.3
STOP DATA TRANSFER (C)
A LOW to HIGH transition of the SDA line while the
clock (SCL) is HIGH determines a STOP condition. All
operations must be ended with a STOP condition.
7.5.4
DATA VALID (D)
The state of the data line represents valid data when,
after a START condition, the data line is stable for the
duration of the HIGH period of the clock signal.
The data on the line must be changed during the LOW
period of the clock signal. There is one clock pulse per
bit of data.
Each data transfer is initiated with a START condition
and terminated with a STOP condition.
High-Speed (HS) Mode
2
The I C specification requires that a high-speed mode
device must be ‘activated’ to operate in high-speed
(3.4 Mbit/s) mode. This is done by sending a special
address byte of 00001XXX following the START bit.
The XXX bits are unique to the high-speed (HS) mode
Master. This byte is referred to as the high-speed (HS)
Master Mode Code (HSMMC). The MCP4725 device
does not acknowledge this byte. However, upon
receiving this command, the device switches to HS
mode and can communicate at up to 3.4 Mbit/s on SDA
and SCL lines. The device will switch out of the HS
mode on the next STOP condition.
For more information on the HS mode, or other I2C
modes, please refer to the Phillips I2C specification.
DS22039C-page 22
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
7.5.5
ACKNOWLEDGE
Each receiving device, when addressed, is obliged to
generate an acknowledge after the reception of each
byte. The master device must generate an extra clock
pulse which is associated with this acknowledge bit.
The device that acknowledges, has to pull down the
SDA line during the acknowledge clock pulse in such a
way that the SDA line is stable LOW during the HIGH
period of the acknowledge related clock pulse. Of
(A)
(B)
course, setup and hold times must be taken into
account. During reads, a master must send an end of
data to the slave by not generating an acknowledge bit
on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave.
In this case, the slave (MCP4725) will leave the data
line HIGH to enable the master to generate the STOP
condition.
(D)
(D)
(C)
(A)
SCL
SDA
START
CONDITION
FIGURE 7-3:
DATA
ADDRESS OR
ACKNOWLEDGE ALLOWED
TO CHANGE
VALID
STOP
CONDITION
Data Transfer Sequence On The Serial Bus.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 23
MCP4725
TABLE 7-1:
I2C SERIAL TIMING SPECIFICATIONS
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise specified, all limits are specified for TA = -40 to +85°C, VDD = +2.7V to +5.0V, VSS = 0V.
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
Clock frequency
fSCL
0
—
100
kHz
Clock high time
THIGH
4000
—
—
ns
Clock low time
TLOW
4700
—
—
ns
SDA and SCL rise time (Note 1)
TR
—
—
1000
ns
From VIL to VIH
SDA and SCL fall time (Note 1)
TF
—
—
300
ns
From VIH to VIL
START condition hold time
THD:STA
4000
—
—
ns
After this period, the first clock
pulse is generated.
Repeated START condition
setup time
TSU:STA
4700
—
—
ns
Only relevant for repeated Start
condition
Data hold time (Note 3)
THD:DAT
0
—
3450
ns
Data input setup time
TSU:DAT
250
—
—
ns
STOP condition setup time
TSU:STO
4000
—
—
ns
STOP condition hold time
THD:STD
4000
—
—
ns
TAA
0
—
3750
ns
TBUF
4700
—
—
ns
kHz
Standard Mode
Output valid from clock
(Notes 2 and 3)
Bus free time
Time between START and STOP
conditions.
Fast Mode
Clock frequency
TSCL
0
—
400
Clock high time
THIGH
600
—
—
ns
Clock low time
TLOW
1300
—
—
ns
SDA and SCL rise time (Note 1)
TR
20 + 0.1Cb
—
300
ns
SDA and SCL fall time (Note 1)
TF
20 + 0.1Cb
—
300
ns
From VIH to VIL
START condition hold time
THD:STA
600
—
—
ns
After this period, the first clock
pulse is generated
Repeated START condition
setup time
TSU:STA
600
—
—
ns
Only relevant for repeated Start
condition
Data hold time (Note 4)
THD:DAT
0
—
900
ns
Data input setup time
TSU:DAT
100
—
—
ns
STOP condition setup time
TSU:STO
600
—
—
ns
STOP condition hold time
THD:STD
600
—
—
ns
TAA
0
—
1200
ns
TBUF
1300
—
—
ns
Output valid from clock
(Notes 2 and 3)
Bus free time
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
From VIL to VIH
Time between START and STOP
conditions.
This parameter is ensured by characterization and not 100% tested.
This specification is not a part of the I2C specification. This specification is equivalent to the Data Hold Time (THD:DAT)
plus SDA Fall (or rise) time: TAA = THD:DAT + TF (OR TR).
If this parameter is too short, it can create an unintended Start or Stop condition to other devices on the bus line. If this
parameter is too long, Clock Low time (TLOW) can be affected.
For Data Input: This parameter must be longer than tSP. If this parameter is too long, the Data Input Setup (TSU:DAT) or
Clock Low time (TLOW) can be affected.
For Data Output: This parameter is characterized, and tested indirectly by testing TAA parameter.
All timing parameters in high-speed modes are tested at VDD = 5V.
DS22039C-page 24
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
TABLE 7-1:
I2C SERIAL TIMING SPECIFICATIONS (CONTINUED)
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise specified, all limits are specified for TA = -40 to +85°C, VDD = +2.7V to +5.0V, VSS = 0V.
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
Clock frequency
fSCL
0
—
3.4
1.7
MHz
MHz
Cb = 100 pF
Cb = 400 pF
Clock high time
THIGH
60
120
—
—
ns
ns
Cb = 100 pF
Cb = 400 pF
Clock low time
TLOW
160
320
—
—
ns
Cb = 100 pF
Cb = 400 pF
SCL rise time (Note 1)
TR
—
—
40
80
ns
From VIL to VIH,Cb = 100 pF
Cb = 400 pF
SCL fall time (Note 1)
TF
—
—
40
80
ns
From VIH to VIL,Cb = 100 pF
Cb = 400 pF
SDA rise time (Note 1)
TR: DAT
—
—
80
160
ns
From VIL to VIH,Cb = 100 pF
Cb = 400 pF
SDA fall time (Note 1)
TF: DATA
—
—
80
160
ns
From VIH to VIL,Cb = 100 pF
Cb = 400 pF
START condition hold time
THD:STA
160
—
—
ns
After this period, the first clock
pulse is generated
Repeated START condition
setup time
TSU:STA
160
—
—
ns
Only relevant for repeated Start
condition
Data hold time (Note 4)
THD:DAT
0
0
—
70
150
ns
Cb = 100 pF
Cb = 400 pF
High Speed Mode (Note 5)
Data input setup time
TSU:DAT
10
—
—
ns
STOP condition setup time
TSU:STO
160
—
—
ns
STOP condition hold time
THD:STD
160
—
—
ns
TAA
—
—
150
310
ns
Cb = 100 pF
Cb = 400 pF
TBUF
160
—
—
ns
Time between START and STOP
conditions.
Output valid from clock
(Notes 2 and 3)
Bus free time
Note 1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
This parameter is ensured by characterization and not 100% tested.
This specification is not a part of the I2C specification. This specification is equivalent to the Data Hold Time (THD:DAT)
plus SDA Fall (or rise) time: TAA = THD:DAT + TF (OR TR).
If this parameter is too short, it can create an unintended Start or Stop condition to other devices on the bus line. If this
parameter is too long, Clock Low time (TLOW) can be affected.
For Data Input: This parameter must be longer than tSP. If this parameter is too long, the Data Input Setup (TSU:DAT) or
Clock Low time (TLOW) can be affected.
For Data Output: This parameter is characterized, and tested indirectly by testing TAA parameter.
All timing parameters in high-speed modes are tested at VDD = 5V.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 25
MCP4725
TF
TSU:STA
SCL
TLOW
SDA
TR
THIGH
TSP
THD:STA
TSU:DAT
THD:DAT
TSU:STO
TBUF
0.7VDD
0.3VDD
TAA
FIGURE 7-4:
DS22039C-page 26
I2C Bus Timing Data.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
The MCP4725 device is one of Microchip’s latest DAC
device family with non-volatile EEPROM memory. The
device is a general purpose resistive string DAC
intended to be used in applications where a precision,
and low power DAC with moderate bandwidth is
required.
Since the device includes non-volatile EEPROM
memory, the user can use this device for applications
that require the output to return to the previous set-up
value on subsequent power-ups.
Applications generally suited for the MCP4725 device
family include:
•
•
•
•
Set Point or Offset Trimming
Sensor Calibration
Portable Instrumentation (Battery Powered)
Motor Speed Control
8.1
8.1.1
DEVICE CONNECTION TEST
The user can test the presence of the MCP4725 on the
I2C bus line without performing the data conversion.
This test can be achieved by checking an acknowledge
response from the MCP4725 after sending a read or
write command. Here is an example using Figure 8-2:
(a) Set the R/W bit “HIGH” in the address byte.
(b) If the MCP4725 is connected to the I2C bus line, it
will then acknowledge by pulling SDA bus LOW
during the ACK clock and then release the bus
back to the I2C Master.
(c) A STOP or repeated START bit can then be issued
from the Master and I2C communication can continue.
Connecting to I2C BUS using
Pull-Up Resistors
Address Byte
The SCL and SDA pins of the MCP4725 are open-drain
configurations. These pins require a pull-up resistor as
shown in Figure 8-1. The value of these pull-up
resistors depends on the operating speed (standard,
fast, and high speed) and loading capacitance of the
I2C bus line. Higher value of pull-up resistor consumes
less power, but increases the signal transition time
(higher RC time constant) on the bus. Therefore, it can
limit the bus operating speed. The lower resistor value,
on the other hand, consumes higher power, but allows
higher operating speed. If the bus line has higher
capacitance due to long bus line or high number of
devices connected to the bus, a smaller pull-up resistor
is needed to compensate the long RC time constant.
The pull-up resistor is typically chosen between 1 kΩ
and 10 kΩ ranges for standard and fast modes, and
less than 1 kΩ for high speed mode.
1 VOUT
SDA
Start
Bit
1
2
3
4
8
9
1
1
0
0 A2 A1 A0 1
Device bits
5
6
7
Start
Bit
Address bits
R/W
MCP4725
Response
FIGURE 8-2:
I2C Bus Connection Test.
A0 6
2 VSS
SCL 5
3 VDD
SDA 4
R
R
VDD
0.1 µF
SCL
VDD
MCP4725
Analog
Output
Two devices with the same A2 and A1 address bits can
be connected to the same I2C bus by utilizing the A0
address pin (Example: A0 pin of device A is tied to VDD,
and the other device’s pin is tied to VSS.)
ACK
8.0
10 µF
To MCU
(MASTER)
Note 1: R is the pull-up resistor. Typically
1 ~ 10 kΩ
2: A0 can be tied to VSS, VDD or driven by
MCU
FIGURE 8-1:
I2C Bus Interface
Connection with A0 pin tied to VSS.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 27
MCP4725
8.2
Using Non-Volatile EEPROM
Memory
The user can store the DAC input code (12 bits) and
power-down configuration bits (2 bits) in the internal
non-volatile EEPROM memory using the I2C write
command. The user can also read the EEPROM data
using the I2C read command. When the device is first
powered after power is shut down, the device uploads
the EEPROM contents to the DAC register automatically and provides the DAC output immediately. This
feature is very useful in applications where the DAC
device is used to provide set point or calibration data for
other devices in the application system. The DAC will
not lose the important system operational parameters
due to the system power failure incidents. See
Section 5.6 “Non-Volatile EEPROM Memory” for
more details of the non-volatile EEPROM memory.
8.3
Power Supply Considerations
The power supply to the device is used for both VDD
and DAC reference voltage. Any noise induced on the
VDD line can affect on the DAC performance. Typical
application will require a bypass capacitor in order to
filter out high frequency noise on the VDD line. The
noise can be induced onto the power supply’s traces or
as a result of changes on the DAC output. The bypass
capacitor helps to minimize the effect of these noise
sources on signal integrity. Figure 8-1 shows an
example of using two bypass capacitors (a 10 µF
tantalum capacitor and a 0.1 µF ceramic capacitor) in
parallel on the VDD line. These capacitors should be
placed as close to the VDD pin as possible (within
4 mm).
8.4
Layout Considerations
Inductively-coupled AC transients and digital switching
noise from other devices can affect on DAC
performance and DAC output signal integrity. Careful
board layout will minimize these effects. Bench testing
has shown that a multi-layer board utilizing a low-inductance ground plane, isolated inputs, isolated outputs
and proper decoupling are critical to achieving the
performance that the MCP4725 is capable of providing.
Particularly harsh environments may require shielding
of critical signals. Separate digital and analog ground
planes are recommended. In this case, the VSS pin and
the ground pins of the VDD capacitors of the MCP4725
should be terminated to the analog ground plane.
8.5
Application Examples
The MCP4725 is a rail-to-rail output DAC designed to
operate with a VDD range of 2.7V to 5.5V. Its output
amplifier is robust enough to drive common, small-signal loads directly, thus eliminating the cost and size of
an external buffer for most applications.
8.5.1
DC SET POINT OR CALIBRATION
A common application for the MCP4725 is a
digitally-controlled set point or a calibration of variable
parameters such as sensor offset or bias point.
Example 8-1 shows an example of the set point setting.
Since the MCP4725 is a 12-bit DAC and uses the VDD
supply as a reference source, it provides a VDD/4096 of
resolution per step.
The power source should be as clean as possible. If the
application circuit has separate digital and analog
power supplies, the VDD and VSS pins of the MCP4725
should reside on the analog plane.
DS22039C-page 28
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
8.5.2
DECREASING THE OUTPUT STEP
SIZE
put is scaled down by the factor of the ratio of the voltage divider. Note that the bypass capacitor on the
output of the voltage divider plays a critical function in
attenuating the output noise of the DAC and the
induced noise from the environment.
Calibrating the threshold of a diode, transistor or
resistor may require a very small step size in the DAC
output voltage. These applications may require about
200 µV of step resolution within 0.8V of range.
One method of achieving this small step resolution is
using a voltage divider at the DAC output. An example
is shown in Example 8-1. The step size of the DAC out-
VDD
MCP4725
R R
A0 6
1 VOUT
2 VSS SCL 5
3 VDD SDA 4
0.1 µF
10 µF
To MCU
(MASTER)
VDD
D = Input Code (0 to 4095)
D
V OUT = V DD × -----------4096
R2
V TRIP = V OUT ⎛ -------------------⎞
⎝ R 1 + R 2⎠
VDD
Light
(Ceramic) (Tantalum)
Comparator
RSENSE
R1
R2
EXAMPLE 8-1:
VTRIP
0.1 µF
Set Point Or Threshold Calibration.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 29
MCP4725
8.5.3
BUILDING A “WINDOW” DAC
Some sensor applications require very high resolution
around the set point or threshold voltage.
Example 8-2 shows an example of creating a “window”
around the threshold using a voltage divider network
with a pull-up and pull-down resistor. In the circuit, the
output voltage range is scaled down, but its step resolution is increased greatly.
VDD
MCP4725
R R
A0 6
1 VOUT
SCL
V
5
2 SS
3 VDD SDA 4
0.1 µF
To MCU
(MASTER)
VDD
10 µF
VCC+
VOUT
VCC+
Rsense
R3
R1
VTRIP
R2
0.1 µF
Comparator
VCC-
VCCD
V OUT = V DD ------12
2
Thevenin
Equivalent
where D = DAC Input Code (0 – 4095)
R2 R3
R 23 = -----------------R2 + R3
V 23
DS22039C-page 30
VO
( V CC+ R 2 ) + ( V CC- R 3 )
= ---------------------------------------------------R2 + R3
V OUT R 23 + V 23 R 1
V trip = ------------------------------------------R 2 + R 23
EXAMPLE 8-2:
R1
VOUT
R23
V23
Single-Supply “Window” DAC.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
8.5.4
BIPOLAR OPERATION
Example 8-3 illustrates a simple bipolar voltage source
configuration. R1 and R2 allow the gain to be selected,
while R3 and R4 shift the DAC's output to a selected
offset. Note that R4 can be tied to VDD (= VREF) instead
of VSS, if a higher offset is desired. Note that a pull-up
to VDD could be used, instead of R4, if a higher offset is
desired.
Bipolar operation is achievable using the MCP4725 by
using an external operational amplifier (op amp). This
allows a general purpose DAC, with its cost and
availability advantages, to meet almost any desired
output voltage range, power and noise performance.
VDD
MCP4725
R R
A0 6
1 VOUT
SCL
V
5
2 SS
3 VDD SDA 4
0.1 µF
10 µF
To MCU
(MASTER)
R2
VDD
VDD
VCC+
R1
VOUT
R3
VO
VIN+
VCC–
R4
0.1 µF
D
V OUT = V DD ------where D = DAC Input Code (0 – 4095)
12
2
V OUT R 4
V IN+ = ------------------R3 + R4
R2
R
V O = V IN+ ⎛⎝ 1 + -----2-⎞⎠ – V DD ⎛⎝ ------⎞⎠
R1
R1
EXAMPLE 8-3:
Digitally-Controlled Bipolar Voltage Source.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 31
MCP4725
8.5.4.1
Design a Bipolar DAC using
Example 8-3
Some applications desires an output step magnitude of
1 mV with an output range of ±2.05V. The following
steps explain the design solution:
1.
2.
Calculate the range: +2.05V – (-2.05V) = 4.1V.
Calculate the resolution needed:
4.1V/1 mV = 4100
Since 212 = 4096 for 12-bit resolution.
3.
The amplifier gain (R2/R1), multiplied by VDD,
must be equal to the desired minimum output to
achieve bipolar operation. Since any gain can
be realized by choosing resistor values (R1+R2),
the VDD value must be selected first. If a VDD of
4.1V is used, solve for the amplifier’s gain by
setting the DAC to 0, knowing that the output
needs to be -2.05V. The equation can be
simplified to:
R
– R 2 – 2.05
– 2.05
--------- = ------------- = ------------- → -----2- = 1--V
R1
4.1
R1 2
DD
If R1 = 20 kΩ and R2 = 10 kΩ, the gain will be 0.5.
4.
Next, solve for R3 and R4 by setting the DAC to
4096, knowing that the output needs to be
+2.05V.
2.05V + ( 0.5 ⋅ V DD )
R4
---------------------- = ----------------------------------------------- = 2--( R3 + R4 )
3
1.5 ⋅ V DD
If R4 = 20 kΩ, then R3 = 10 kΩ
DS22039C-page 32
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
8.5.5
PROGRAMMABLE CURRENT
SOURCE
Example 8-3 illustrates an example how to convert the
DAC voltage output to a digitally selectable current
source by adding a voltage follower and a sensor
register.
VDD
MCP4725
1 VOUT
2 VSS
3 VDD
0.1 µF
R
A0 6
SCL 5
SDA 4
10 µF
VDD
R
To MCU
(MASTER)
VDD
LOAD
IL
VOUT
IB
RSENSE
FIGURE 8-3:
D
V OUT = V DD × -----------4096
D = Input Code (0 to 4095)
V OUT
β
I L = ------------------ -----------R SENSE β + 1
I
I B = ----L
β
Digitally Controllable Current Source.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 33
MCP4725
9.0
DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT
9.1
Evaluation & Demonstration
Boards
The MCP4725 SOT-23-6 Evaluation Board is available
from Microchip Technology Inc. This board works with
Microchip’s PICkit™ Serial Analyzer. The user can
program the DAC input codes and EEPROM data, or
read the programmed data using the easy to use PICkit
Serial Analyzer with the Graphic User Interface software. Refer to www.microchip.com for further information on this product’s capabilities and availability.
PICkit Serial
DAC Analog Output
USB Cable to PC MCP4725 SOT-23-6 EV Board
FIGURE 9-1:
Evaluation Board.
MCP4725 SOT-23-6
FIGURE 9-2:
Setup for the MCP4725
SOT-23-6 Evaluation Board with PICkit™ Serial
Analyzer.
1st Write Byte
2nd Write Byte
3rd Write Byte
4th Write Byte
FIGURE 9-3:
DS22039C-page 34
Example of PICkit™ Serial User Interface.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
10.0
PACKAGING INFORMATION
10.1
Package Marking Information
6-Lead SOT-23
Example
Part Number
XXNN
1
e3
Note:
Code
MCP4725A0T-E/CH
A0 (00)
AJNN
MCP4725A1T-E/CH
A1 (01)
APNN
MCP4725A2T-E/CH
A2 (10)
AQNN
MCP4725A3T-E/CH
A3 (11)
ARNN
Legend: XX...X
Y
YY
WW
NNN
*
Address
Option
AJ25
1
Customer-specific information
Year code (last digit of calendar year)
Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year)
Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’)
Alphanumeric traceability code
Pb-free JEDEC designator for Matte Tin (Sn)
This package is Pb-free. The Pb-free JEDEC designator ( e3 )
can be found on the outer packaging for this package.
In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will
be carried over to the next line, thus limiting the number of available
characters for customer-specific information.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 35
MCP4725
6-Lead Plastic Small Outline Transistor (CH) [SOT-23]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
b
4
N
E
E1
PIN 1 ID BY
LASER MARK
1
2
3
e
e1
D
A
A2
c
φ
L
A1
L1
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
MILLIMETERS
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
6
Pitch
e
0.95 BSC
Outside Lead Pitch
e1
1.90 BSC
Overall Height
A
0.90
–
Molded Package Thickness
A2
0.89
–
1.45
1.30
Standoff
A1
0.00
–
0.15
Overall Width
E
2.20
–
3.20
Molded Package Width
E1
1.30
–
1.80
Overall Length
D
2.70
–
3.10
Foot Length
L
0.10
–
0.60
Footprint
L1
0.35
–
0.80
Foot Angle
φ
0°
–
30°
Lead Thickness
c
0.08
–
0.26
Lead Width
b
0.20
–
0.51
Notes:
1. Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.127 mm per side.
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-028B
DS22039C-page 36
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
APPENDIX A:
REVISION HISTORY
Revision C (November 2007
The following is the list of modifications:
1.
Corrected Address Options on Product Identification System page.
Revision B (October 2007)
The following is the list of modifications:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Added characterization graphs to document.
Numerous edits throughout.
Add new package marking address options.
Updated package marking information and
package outline drawings.
Added adress options to Product Identification
System page.
Revision A (April 2007)
• Original Release of this Document.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 37
MCP4725
NOTES:
DS22039C-page 38
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4725
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office.
PART NO.
XX
Device
Address
Options
Device:
X
X
Tape and Temperature
Reel
Range
MCP4725:
Address Options:
/XX
XX
Package
Single Channel 12-Bit DAC w/EEPROM
Memory
A2
A1
A0
A0 *
=
0
0
External
A1
=
0
1
External
A2
=
1
0
External
A3
=
1
1
External
* Default option. Contact Microchip factory for other
address options
Tape and Reel:
T
= Tape and Reel
Temperature Range:
E
= -40°C to +125°C
Package:
CH = Plastic Small Outline Transistor (SOT-23-6),
6-lead
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Examples:
a)
b)
c)
d)
MCP4725A0T-E/CH: Tape and Reel,
Extended Temp.,
6LD SOT-23 pkg.
Address Option = A0
MCP4725A1T-E/CH: Tape and Reel,
Extended Temp.,
6LD SOT-23 pkg.
Address Option = A1
MCP4725A2T-E/CH: Tape and Reel,
Extended Temp.,
6LD SOT-23 pkg.
Address Option = A2
MCP4725A3T-E/CH: Tape and Reel,
Extended Temp.,
6LD SOT-23 pkg.
Address Option = A3
DS22039C-page 39
MCP4725
NOTES:
DS22039C-page 40
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices:
•
Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet.
•
Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the
intended manner and under normal conditions.
•
There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our
knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data
Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property.
•
Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code.
•
Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not
mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.”
Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our
products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts
allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act.
Information contained in this publication regarding device
applications and the like is provided only for your convenience
and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to
ensure that your application meets with your specifications.
MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR
WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR
OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION,
QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability
arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip
devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at
the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and
hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims,
suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are
conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip
intellectual property rights.
Trademarks
The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, Accuron,
dsPIC, KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, microID, MPLAB, PIC,
PICmicro, PICSTART, PRO MATE, rfPIC and SmartShunt are
registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A. and other countries.
AmpLab, FilterLab, Linear Active Thermistor, Migratable
Memory, MXDEV, MXLAB, SEEVAL, SmartSensor and The
Embedded Control Solutions Company are registered
trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the
U.S.A.
Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard,
dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, dsSPEAK, ECAN,
ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, FlexROM, fuzzyLAB,
In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, ICEPIC, Mindi, MiWi,
MPASM, MPLAB Certified logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, PICkit,
PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICLAB, PICtail, PowerCal,
PowerInfo, PowerMate, PowerTool, REAL ICE, rfLAB, Select
Mode, Smart Serial, SmartTel, Total Endurance, UNI/O,
WiperLock and ZENA are trademarks of Microchip
Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries.
SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their
respective companies.
© 2007, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the
U.S.A., All Rights Reserved.
Printed on recycled paper.
Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide
headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and
Tempe, Arizona; Gresham, Oregon and design centers in California
and India. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures
are for its PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping
devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and
analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design
and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22039C-page 41
WORLDWIDE SALES AND SERVICE
AMERICAS
ASIA/PACIFIC
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Corporate Office
2355 West Chandler Blvd.
Chandler, AZ 85224-6199
Tel: 480-792-7200
Fax: 480-792-7277
Technical Support:
http://support.microchip.com
Web Address:
www.microchip.com
Asia Pacific Office
Suites 3707-14, 37th Floor
Tower 6, The Gateway
Harbour City, Kowloon
Hong Kong
Tel: 852-2401-1200
Fax: 852-2401-3431
India - Bangalore
Tel: 91-80-4182-8400
Fax: 91-80-4182-8422
India - New Delhi
Tel: 91-11-4160-8631
Fax: 91-11-4160-8632
Austria - Wels
Tel: 43-7242-2244-39
Fax: 43-7242-2244-393
Denmark - Copenhagen
Tel: 45-4450-2828
Fax: 45-4485-2829
India - Pune
Tel: 91-20-2566-1512
Fax: 91-20-2566-1513
France - Paris
Tel: 33-1-69-53-63-20
Fax: 33-1-69-30-90-79
Japan - Yokohama
Tel: 81-45-471- 6166
Fax: 81-45-471-6122
Germany - Munich
Tel: 49-89-627-144-0
Fax: 49-89-627-144-44
Atlanta
Duluth, GA
Tel: 678-957-9614
Fax: 678-957-1455
Boston
Westborough, MA
Tel: 774-760-0087
Fax: 774-760-0088
Chicago
Itasca, IL
Tel: 630-285-0071
Fax: 630-285-0075
Dallas
Addison, TX
Tel: 972-818-7423
Fax: 972-818-2924
Detroit
Farmington Hills, MI
Tel: 248-538-2250
Fax: 248-538-2260
Kokomo
Kokomo, IN
Tel: 765-864-8360
Fax: 765-864-8387
Los Angeles
Mission Viejo, CA
Tel: 949-462-9523
Fax: 949-462-9608
Santa Clara
Santa Clara, CA
Tel: 408-961-6444
Fax: 408-961-6445
Toronto
Mississauga, Ontario,
Canada
Tel: 905-673-0699
Fax: 905-673-6509
Australia - Sydney
Tel: 61-2-9868-6733
Fax: 61-2-9868-6755
China - Beijing
Tel: 86-10-8528-2100
Fax: 86-10-8528-2104
China - Chengdu
Tel: 86-28-8665-5511
Fax: 86-28-8665-7889
Korea - Daegu
Tel: 82-53-744-4301
Fax: 82-53-744-4302
China - Fuzhou
Tel: 86-591-8750-3506
Fax: 86-591-8750-3521
Korea - Seoul
Tel: 82-2-554-7200
Fax: 82-2-558-5932 or
82-2-558-5934
China - Hong Kong SAR
Tel: 852-2401-1200
Fax: 852-2401-3431
Malaysia - Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 60-3-6201-9857
Fax: 60-3-6201-9859
China - Nanjing
Tel: 86-25-8473-2460
Fax: 86-25-8473-2470
Malaysia - Penang
Tel: 60-4-227-8870
Fax: 60-4-227-4068
China - Qingdao
Tel: 86-532-8502-7355
Fax: 86-532-8502-7205
Philippines - Manila
Tel: 63-2-634-9065
Fax: 63-2-634-9069
China - Shanghai
Tel: 86-21-5407-5533
Fax: 86-21-5407-5066
Singapore
Tel: 65-6334-8870
Fax: 65-6334-8850
China - Shenyang
Tel: 86-24-2334-2829
Fax: 86-24-2334-2393
Taiwan - Hsin Chu
Tel: 886-3-572-9526
Fax: 886-3-572-6459
China - Shenzhen
Tel: 86-755-8203-2660
Fax: 86-755-8203-1760
Taiwan - Kaohsiung
Tel: 886-7-536-4818
Fax: 886-7-536-4803
China - Shunde
Tel: 86-757-2839-5507
Fax: 86-757-2839-5571
Taiwan - Taipei
Tel: 886-2-2500-6610
Fax: 886-2-2508-0102
China - Wuhan
Tel: 86-27-5980-5300
Fax: 86-27-5980-5118
Thailand - Bangkok
Tel: 66-2-694-1351
Fax: 66-2-694-1350
Italy - Milan
Tel: 39-0331-742611
Fax: 39-0331-466781
Netherlands - Drunen
Tel: 31-416-690399
Fax: 31-416-690340
Spain - Madrid
Tel: 34-91-708-08-90
Fax: 34-91-708-08-91
UK - Wokingham
Tel: 44-118-921-5869
Fax: 44-118-921-5820
China - Xian
Tel: 86-29-8833-7252
Fax: 86-29-8833-7256
10/05/07
DS22039C-page 42
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
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