Manual 21161815

Manual 21161815
4:23 PM
2400 Series
Page 171
®
SourceMeter Line
Keithley’s SourceMeter family is designed specifically for test
applications that demand tightly coupled sourcing and measurement. All SourceMeter models provide precision voltage and current sourcing as well as measurement capabilities. Each
SourceMeter instrument is both a highly stable DC power source
and a true instrument-grade 51⁄2-digit multimeter. The power
source characteristics include low noise, precision, and readback.
The multimeter capabilities include high repeatability and low
noise. The result is a compact, single-channel, DC parametric
tester. In operation, these instruments can act as a voltage
source, a current source, a voltage meter, a current meter, and an
ohmmeter. Manufacturers of components and modules for the
communications, semiconductor, computer, automotive, and
medical industries will find the SourceMeter instruments invaluable for a wide range of characterization and production test
applications.
• New class of instruments
designed for high speed DC
testing
• Family of products offers wide
dynamic range: 10pA to 10A,
1µV to 1100V, 20W to 1000W
• 4-quadrant operation
• 0.012% basic accuracy with
51⁄2-digit resolution
• 6-wire Ω measurement with
programmable I source and
V clamp
• 1700 readings/second at
41⁄2 digits via GPIB
• Built-in comparator for fast
pass/fail testing
• Optional contact check function
• Digital I/O for fast binning and
connection to component
handlers
• GPIB, RS-232, and Trigger Link
interfaces
• TestPoint and LabVIEW drivers
1.888.KEITHLEY
Advantages of a Tightly Integrated Instrument
By linking source and measurement circuitry in a single unit,
these instruments offer a variety of advantages over systems configured with separate source and measurement instruments. For
example, they minimize the time required for test station development, setup, and maintenance, while lowering the overall cost
of system ownership. They simplify the test process itself by eliminating many of the complex synchronization and connection
issues associated with using multiple instruments. And, their compact half-rack size conserves precious
“real estate” in the test rack or bench.
The Power of Three Instruments in One
The tightly coupled nature of a SourceMeter instrument provides many advantages over separate instruments. For example, it provides faster test times by reducing GPIB traffic and simplifies the remote programming interface. It also protects the device under test from damage due to accidental overloads, thermal runaway, etc. Both the current and voltage source are programmable with readback to help maximize
device measurement integrity. If the readback reaches a programmed compliance limit, then the source is
clamped at the limit, providing fault protection.
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
11/12/03
ACCESSORIES AVAILABLE
TEST LEADS AND PROBES
TRIGGERING AND CONTROL
1754
5804
5805
5806
8607
CA-18-1
2499-DIGIO
8501-1
8501-2
8502
8503
8505
KPC-TM
2-Wire Universal 10-Piece Test Lead Kit
Kelvin (4-Wire) Universal 10-Piece Test Lead Kit
Kelvin (4-Wire) Spring-Loaded Probes
Kelvin (4-Wire) Clip Lead Set
2-Wire, 1000V Banana Cables, 1m (3.3 ft)
Shielded Dual Banana Cable, 1.2m (4 ft)
SWITCHING HARDWARE
7001
7002
7019-C
7053
RACK MOUNT KITS
Two-Slot Switch System
Ten-Slot Switch System
6-Wire Ohms Switch Card
High-Current Switch Card
4288-1
4288-2
TestPoint
LabTracer
Shielded GPIB Cable, 1m (3.3 ft)
Shielded GPIB Cable, 2m (6.6 ft)
RS-232 Cable
Test Development Software
Free I-V Characterization Software
OTHER
COMMUNICATION INTERFACES
KPC-488.2AT
KPCI-488
Single Fixed Rack Mount Kit
Dual Fixed Rack Mount Kit
SOFTWARE
CABLES/ADAPTERS
7007-1
7007-2
7009-5
Digital I/O Expander Assembly
Trigger Link Cable, DIN-to-DIN, 1m (3.3 ft)
Trigger Link Cable, DIN-to-DIN, 2m (6.6 ft)
Trigger Link to BNC Breakout Box
Trigger Link Cable, DIN-to-Dual BNC, 1m (3.3 ft)
Male to 2-Female Y-DIN Cable for Trigger Link
Trigger Master Interface
GPIB/IEEE-488 Interface Board for the ISA Bus
GPIB/IEEE-488 Interface Board for the PCI Bus
1050
2400-EW
2410-EW
2420-EW
2425-EW
2430-EW
2440-EW
Padded Carrying Case
1-Year Warranty Extension
1-Year Warranty Extension
1-Year Warranty Extension
1-Year Warranty Extension
1-Year Warranty Extension
1-Year Warranty Extension
(U.S. only)
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C O N F I D E N C E
SOURCE AND MEASURE
05 Source and Measure
05 Source and Measure
11/12/03
4:23 PM
2400 Series
Ordering Information
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
2400
2400-C
2400-LV
2410
2410-C
2420
2420-C
2425
2425-C
2430
2430-C
2440
2440-C
200V, 1A, 20W
SourceMeter
200V, 1A, 20W
SourceMeter with
Contact Check
20V, 1A, 20W
SourceMeter
1100V, 1A, 20W
SourceMeter
1100V, 1A, 20W
SourceMeter with
Contact Check
60V, 3A, 60W
SourceMeter
60V, 3A, 60W
SourceMeter with
Contact Check
100V, 3A, 100W
SourceMeter
100V, 3A, 100W
SourceMeter with
Contact Check
100V, 10A, 1000W Pulse
Mode SourceMeter
100V, 10A, 1000W Pulse
Mode SourceMeter
with Contact Check
40V, 5A, 50W
SourceMeter
40V, 5A, 50W
SourceMeter with
Contact Check
Page 172
®
SourceMeter Line
I-V Characteristics
All SourceMeter instruments provide four-quadrant operation. In the first and third quadrants they
operate as a source, delivering power to a load. In the second and fourth quadrants they operate as a
sink, dissipating power internally. Voltage, current, and resistance can be measured during source or sink
operation.
Imeter
Isource
Local
IN/OUT HI
Remote
SENSE HI
Imeter/Compliance
Vmeter/Compliance
Vsource
Remote
SENSE HI
Vmeter
Remote
SENSE LO
Local
IN/OUT LO
Source I, Measure V, I, or Ω configuration
DUT
Feedback to
Adjust Vsource
Remote
SENSE LO
Local
IN/OUT LO
Source V, Measure I, V, or Ω configuration
+1A
+1A
+200mA
+100mA
+20mA
–200V
–20V
+20V
2400
only
+200V
–1100V –200V
–20V
+20V
2400
only
+200V +1100V
–20mA
–100mA
–100mA
Duty cycle
limited
Duty cycle
limited
–1A
–1A
Model 2400 and 2400-LV SourceMeter
–60V
–20V
Model 2410 High-Voltage SourceMeter
+3A
+3A
+1A
+1A
+100mA
+100mA
+20V
–100V –60
+60V
–20
+20 +60 +100V
–100mA
–100mA
–1A
–1A
Duty cycle
limited
Duty cycle
limited
–3A
SOURCE AND MEASURE
IN/OUT HI
DUT
Extended warranty, service, and
calibration contracts are available.
Accessories Supplied
Test Leads
LabVIEW Software Driver
(downloadable)
LabTracer Software
(downloadable)
TestPoint Software Driver
(downloadable)
Local
–3A
Model 2420 3A SourceMeter
Model 2425 100W SourceMeter
5A
+10A
+3A
3A
+1A
1A
+100mA
–100V
–60 –20
100mA
40V
-40V
+20 +60 +100V
-10V
+10V
-100mA
–100mA
-1A
–1A
–3A
–10A
-3A
Duty cycle
limited
Pulse mode
only
Model 2430 1kW Pulse Mode SourceMeter
1.888.KEITHLEY
-5A
Model 2440 5A SourceMeter
(U.S. only)
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O F
C O N F I D E N C E
Duty cycle
limited
11/12/03
4:23 PM
Page 173
®
SourceMeter Line
2400 Series
Automation for Speed
A SourceMeter instrument streamlines production testing. It sources voltage or current while making
measurements without needing to change connections. It is designed for reliable operation in non-stop
production environments. To provide the throughput demanded by production applications, the
SourceMeter instrument offers many built-in features that allow it to run complex test sequences without
computer control or GPIB communications slowing things down.
Standard and Custom Sweeps
Sweep solutions greatly accelerate testing with
automation hooks. Three basic sweep waveforms
are provided that can be programmed for singleevent or continuous operation. They are ideal for
I/V, I/R, V/I, and V/R characterization.
• Linear Staircase Sweep: Moves from the start
level to the stop level in equal linear steps
• Logarithmic Staircase Sweep: Done on a log
scale with a specified number of steps per
decade
• Custom Sweep: Allows construction of special
sweeps by specifying the number of measurement points and the source level at each point
• Up to 1700 readings/second at 41⁄2 digits to the
GPIB bus
• 5000 51⁄2-digit readings can be stored in the nonvolatile buffer memory
Stop
Start
Bias
Bias
Linear staircase sweep
Stop
Start
Bias
Bias
Logarithmic staircase sweep
Stop
Start
User
Built-In Test Sequencer
defined
steps
(Source Memory List)
Bias
Bias
The Source Memory list provides faster and easier
testing by allowing you to setup and execute up to
Custom sweep
100 different tests that run without PC intervention.
• Stores up to 100 instrument configuration, each containing source settings, measurement settings,
pass/fail criteria, etc.
• Pass/fail limit test as fast as 500µs per point
• Onboard comparator eliminates the delay caused when sending data to the computer for analysis
• Built-in, user definable math functions to calculate derived parameters
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
Devices:
• Discrete semiconductor devices
• Passive devices
• Transient suppression devices
• ICs, RFICs, MMICs
• Laser diodes, laser diode
modules, LEDs, photodetectors
• Circuit protection devices: TVS,
MOV, Fuses, etc.
• Airbags
• Connectors, switches, relays
Tests:
• Leakage
• Low voltage/resistances
• LIV
• IDDQ
• I-V characterization
• Isolation and trace resistance
• Temperature coefficient
• Forward voltage, reverse
breakdown, leakage current
• DC parametric test
• DC power source
• HIPOT
• Dielectric withstanding
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
05 Source and Measure
Example Test Sequence
Test
Pass/Fail Test
If Passes Test
Test 1
Check VF1 at
100mA against
pass/fail limits
Go to Test 2
Test 2
Check VF2 at 1A
against pass/fail
limits
Go to Test 3
Test 3
Check leakage
current at –500V
and test against
pass/fail limits
1. Bin part to good bin
2. Transmit readings to
computer while handler
is placing new part
3. Return to Test 1
VF2
IR
VF1
Test 2
Test 1
V
Test 3
1.888.KEITHLEY
If Fails Test
1. Bin part to bad bin
2. Transmit data to
computer while
handler is placing
new part
3. Return to Test 1
(U.S. only)
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C O N F I D E N C E
SOURCE AND MEASURE
I
05 Source and Measure
11/12/03
4:23 PM
Page 174
®
SourceMeter Line
Tightly coupled precision sourcing and measurement
2400 Series
Digital I/O Interface
The digital I/O interface can link the SourceMeter instrument to many popular
component handlers, including Aetrium, Aeco, and Robotronics. Other capabilities of the interface include:
• Tight systems integration for applications such as binning and sorting
• Built-in component handler interface
• Start of test and end of test signals
• 5V, 300mA power supply
• Optional expander accessory (Model 2499-DIGIO) adds 16 digital I/O lines
Trigger Link Interface
All SourceMeter instruments include Keithley’s unique Trigger Link interface
which provides high-speed, seamless communications with many of Keithley’s
other instruments. For example, use the Trigger Link interface to connect a
SourceMeter instrument with a Series 7000 Switching System for a complete
multi-point test solution. With Trigger Link, the 7000 Series Switching Systems
can be controlled by a SourceMeter during a high-speed test sequence independent of a computer and GPIB.
Optional Contact Check Function
The Contact Check function makes it simple to verify good connections quickly and easily before an automated test sequence begins. This eliminates measurement errors and false product failures associated with contact fatigue,
breakage, contamination, loose or broken connection, relay failures, etc. Some
capabilities of this function are:
• 350µs verification and notification process time
• The output of the SourceMeter instrument is automatically shut off after a
fault and is not re-activated until good contact is verified, protecting the
device under test from damage and the operator from potential safety
hazards
• 3 pass/fail threshold values: 2Ω, 15Ω, and 50Ω
• No energy passes through the device under test during the operation
• Enabled either from the front panel or remotely over the GPIB
• 3 fault notification methods
+
SOURCE AND MEASURE
• Locks out parallel current paths when measuring resistor networks or
hybrid circuits to isolate the component under test
• Allows users to configure and plot data easily from Series 2400 SourceMeter
instruments, making characterization of two, three, and four terminal
devices a snap
+
GUARD
GUARD SENSE
Imeter
IN/OUT HI
SENSE HI
DUT
R2
Isource
Vmeter
Pin 3
R1
R3
SENSE LO
IN/OUT LO
6-Wire Ohms Circuit. All test current flows through R1 because the high
current guard drives the voltage across R2 to 0V.
Pass
350µs
Contact Check
GUARD SENSE
IN/OUT HI
SENSE HI
V or I V
meter
Source
• Uses guard and guard sense leads in addition to the 4-wire sense and
source leads
GUARD
-
Imeter
Unique 6-Wire Ohms Technique
SourceMeter instruments can make standard 4-wire, split Kelvin, and 6-wire,
guarded ohms measurements and can be configured for either the constant
current or constant voltage method. The 6-wire ohms technique:
Fail
(optional)
SENSE LO
Pass
IN/OUT LO
Contact check option for 4-wire or 6-wire applications
1.888.KEITHLEY
Free LabTracer device characterization software (downloadable)
(U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
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C O N F I D E N C E
05 Source and Measure
11/12/03
4:23 PM
Page 175
®
SourceMeter Line
2400 Series
Voltage Accuracy (Local or Remote Sense)
2400-LV
2410, 2410-C
2420, 2420-C
2425, 2425-C
2430, 2430-C
2440, 2440-C
PROGRAMMING
RESOLUTION
5 µV
50 µV
500 µV
5 mV
5 µV
50 µV
500 µV
5 µV
50 µV
500 µV
50 mV
5 µV
50 µV
500 µV
1.5 mV
5 µV
50 µV
500 µV
2.5 mV
5 µV
50 µV
500 µV
2.5 mV
5 µV
50 µV
500 µV
5 mV
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (0°–18°C & 28°–50°C): ±(0.15 × accuracy specification)/°C.
VOLTAGE REGULATION: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range + 100µV.
OVER VOLTAGE PROTECTION: User selectable values, 5% tolerance. Factory default = none.
CURRENT LIMIT: Bipolar current limit (compliance) set with single value. Min. 0.1% of range.
OVERSHOOT: <0.1% typical (full scale step, resistive load, 10mA range).
OUTPUT SLEW
RATE (±30%)
0.08 V/µs
0.5 V/µs
SOURCE/SINK
LIMIT
±21 V @ ±1.05 A
±210 V @ ±105 mA
±21 V @ ±1.05 A
0.08 V/µs
0.15 V/µs
0.5 V/µs
0.08 V/µs
0.14 V/µs
0.08 V/µs
0.25 V/µs
±21 V @ ±1.05 A
±1100 V @ ±21 mA
±21 V @ ±3.15 A
±63 V @ ±1.05 A
±21 V @ ±3.15 A
±105 V @ ±1.05 A
±105 V @ ±1.05 A
0.08 V/µs
0.25 V/µs
0.08 V/µs
0.25 V/µs
±105 V @ ±10.5 A
(pulse mode only)
±10.5 V @ ±5.25 A
±42 V @ ±1.05 A
ADDITIONAL PULSE MODE SOURCE SPECIFICATIONS
(2430 and 2430-C only)
ADDITIONAL SOURCE SPECIFICATIONS (All Models)
TRANSIENT RESPONSE TIME: 30µs minimum for the output to recover to its spec. following a step
change in load.
COMMAND PROCESSING TIME: Maximum time required for the output to begin to change following the receipt of :SOURce:VOLTage|CURRent <nrf> command. Autorange On: 10ms. Autorange
Off: 7ms.
OUTPUT SETTLING TIME: Time required to reach 0.1% of final value after command is processed.
100µs typical. Resistive load. 10µA to 100mA range.
DC FLOATING VOLTAGE: Output can be floated up to ±250VDC (Model 2440 ±40VDC) from chassis ground.
REMOTE SENSE: Up to 1V drop per load lead.
COMPLIANCE ACCURACY: Add 0.3% of range and ±0.02% of reading to base specification.
OVER TEMPERATURE PROTECTION: Internally sensed temperature overload puts unit in standby
mode.
RANGE CHANGE OVERSHOOT: Overshoot into a fully resistive 100kΩ load, 10Hz to 1MHz BW, adjacent ranges: 100mV typical, except 20V/200V (20V/60V on Model 2420), 20V/100V on Model 2425
and 2430, range boundary, and Model 2440.
MINIMUM COMPLIANCE VALUE: 0.1% of range.
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MEASUREMENT2, 3, 4
ACCURACY (1 Year)
23°C ±5°C
±(% rdg. + volts)
0.012% + 300 µV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.015% + 1.5 mV
0.015% + 10 mV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.015% + 1.5 mV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.015% + 1 mV
0.015% + 50 mV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.015% + 1 mV
0.015% + 3 mV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.015% + 1 mV
0.015% + 5 mV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.015% + 1 mV
0.015% + 5 mV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.012% + 300 µV
0.015% + 750 µV
0.015% + 3 mV
MAXIMUM DUTY CYCLE: 8%, hardware limited, 10A range only. All other ranges 100%.
MAXIMUM PULSE WIDTH: 5ms from 90% rising to 90% falling edge, 2.5ms 10A range.
MINIMUM PULSE WIDTH: 150µs.
MINIMUM PULSE RESOLUTION: 50µs typical, 70µs max., limited by system jitter.
SOURCE ACCURACY: Determined by settling time and source range specifications.
OUTPUT SETTLING TIME 0.1%:
800µs typ., source I = 10A into 10Ω, limited by voltage slew rate.
500µs typ., source I = 10A into 1Ω, limited by voltage slew rate.
OUTPUT SLEW RATE:
Voltage (10Ω load): 0.25V/µs ±30% on 100V range. 0.08V/µs ±30% on 20V range, 10A range.
Current (0Ω load): 0.25A/µs ±30% on 100V range. 0.08A/µs ±30% on 20V range, 10A range.
NOTES
1. 2400, 2410 Only: Specifications valid for continuous output currents below 105mA. For operation above 105mA continuous for >1 minute, derate accuracy 10%/35mA above 105mA.
2. Speed = Normal (1 PLC). For 0.1 PLC, add 0.005% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges,
add 0.05%. For 0.01 PLC, add 0.05% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges, add 0.5%.
3. Accuracies apply to 2- or 4-wire mode when properly zeroed.
4. In pulse mode, limited to 0.1 PLC measurement.
(U.S. only)
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A
2400 Series Condensed Specifications
2400, 2400-C
RANGE
200.000 mV
2.00000 V
20.0000 V
200.000 V
200.000 mV
2.00000 V
20.0000 V
200.000 mV
2.00000 V
20.0000 V
1000.00 V
200.000 mV
2.00000 V
20.0000 V
60.0000 V
200.000 mV
2.00000 V
20.0000 V
100.0000 V
200.000 mV
2.00000 V
20.0000 V
100.0000 V
200.000 mV
2.00000 V
10.0000 V
40.0000 V
DEFAULT
MEASUREMENT
RESOLUTION
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
10 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
1 µV
10 µV
100 µV
1 mV
G R E A T E R
M E A S U R E
O F
C O N F I D E N C E
SOURCE AND MEASURE
MODEL
SOURCE1
ACCURACY (1 Year)
23°C ±5°C
±(% rdg. + volts)
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 24 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 100 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 7.2 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 12 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 2.4 mV
0.02% + 12 mV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 600 µV
0.02% + 1.2 mV
0.02% + 4.8 mV
05 Source and Measure
11/12/03
4:23 PM
Page 176
®
SourceMeter Line
2400 Series
Current Accuracy (Local or Remote Sense)
2400 Series Condensed Specifications
MODEL
2400, 2400-C,
2400-LV
2410, 2410-C
2420, 2420-C
2425, 2425-C
2430, 2430-C
SOURCE AND MEASURE
2440, 2440-C
PROGRAMMING
RESOLUTION
50 pA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
50 pA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
50 µA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
50 µA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
500 µA
500 µA
500 pA
5 nA
50 nA
500 nA
5 µA
50 µA
50 µA
RANGE
1.00000 µA
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A2
1.00000 µA
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
20.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A2
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A2
3.00000 A2
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A2
3.00000 A2
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A
3.00000 A2/
10.00000 A4
10.0000 µA
100.000 µA
1.00000 mA
10.0000 mA
100.000 mA
1.00000 A
5.00000 A
SOURCE1, 3
ACCURACY
(1 Year)3
23°C ±5°C
±(% rdg. + amps)
0.035% + 600 pA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.27 % + 900 µA
0.035% + 600 pA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 4 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.27 % + 900 µA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.067% + 900 µA
0.059% + 2.7 mA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.067% + 900 µA
0.059% + 2.8 mA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.067% + 900 µA
0.059% + 2.8 mA
0.089% + 5.9 mA
0.033% + 2 nA
0.031% + 20 nA
0.034% + 200 nA
0.045% + 2 µA
0.066% + 20 µA
0.067% + 900 µA
0.10 % + 5.4 mA
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (0°–18°C & 28°–50°C): ±(0.15 × accuracy specification)/°C.
CURRENT REGULATION: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range (except Model 2440 5A range
0.05%) + 100pA.
VOLTAGE LIMIT: Bipolar voltage limit (compliance) set with single value. Min. 0.1% of range.
OVERSHOOT: <0.1% typical (1mA step, RL = 10kΩ, 20V range for Model 2400, 2410, 2420, 2425,
2430), (10V range for Model 2440).
CONTACT CHECK SPECIFICATIONS (requires -C version)
SPEED: 350µs for verification and notification.
CONTACT CHECK:
2Ω
No contact check failure
<1.00 Ω
Always contact check failure
>3.00 Ω
1.888.KEITHLEY
15 Ω
<13.5 Ω
>16.5 Ω
50 Ω
<47.5 Ω
>52.5 Ω
DEFAULT
MEASUREMENT
RESOLUTION
10 pA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 pA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 µA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 µA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 µA
10 µA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
1 µA
10 µA
10 µA
MEASUREMENT5, 6, 7
ACCURACY (1 Year)
23°C ±5°C
±(% rdg. + amps)
0.029% + 300 pA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.22 % + 570 µA
0.029% + 300 pA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 1.2 µA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.22 % + 570 µA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.066% + 570 µA
0.052% + 1.71 mA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.060% + 570 µA
0.052% + 1.71 mA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% + 6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.060% + 570 µA
0.052% + 1.71 mA
0.082% + 1.71 mA
0.027% + 700 pA
0.025% +
6 nA
0.027% + 60 nA
0.035% + 600 nA
0.055% + 6 µA
0.060% + 570 µA
0.10 % + 3.42 mA
SOURCE/SINK LIMIT
±1.05A @ ±21 V
±105 mA @ ±210 V 8
±1.05A @ ±21 V
±21 mA @ ±1100 V
±3.15A @ ±21 V
±1.05 A @ ±63 V
±3.15A @ ±21 V
±1.05 A @ ±105 V
±1.05A @ ±105 V
±10.5 A @ ±105 V
(pulse mode only)
±5.25A @ ±10.5 V
±1.05 A @ ±42 V
NOTES
1. 2400, 2410 Only: Specifications valid for continuous output currents below 105mA. For operation above 105mA continuous for >1 minute, derate accuracy 10%/35mA above 105mA.
2. Full operation (1A) regardless of load to 30°C (50°C for Model 2420 and 2440). Above 30°C (50°C for Model 2420
and 2440) ambient, derate 35mA/°C and prorate 35mA/Ω load. 4-wire mode. For current sink operation on 1A, 3A,
or 5A ranges, maximum continuous power is limited to approximately 1/2 rated power or less, depending on current, up to 30°C ambient. See power equations in the User’s Manual to calculate allowable duty cycle for specific
conditions.
3. For sink mode, 1µA to 100mA range, accuracy is:
Model 2400: ±(0.15% + offset*4). Models 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440: ±(0.5% + offset*3).
For 1A range, accuracy is:
Model 2400: ±(1.5% + offset*8). Models 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440: ±(1.5% + offset*3).
4. 10A range only in pulse mode. Limited to 2.5ms pulse width maximum. 10% duty cycle maximum.
5. Speed = Normal (1 PLC). For 0.1 PLC, add 0.005% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges,
add 0.05%. For 0.01 PLC, add 0.05% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges, add 0.5%.
6. Accuracies apply to 2- or 4-wire mode when properly zeroed.
7. In pulse mode, limited to 0.1 PLC measurement.
8. Model 2400 and 2400-C only.
(U.S. only)
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05 Source and Measure
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Page 177
®
SourceMeter Line
2400 Series
RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT Accuracy (Local or Remote Sense)1, 2, 5
DEFAULT TEST
CURRENT
2420, 2425,
2430, 2440
–
ENHANCED ACCURACY
(23°C ±5°C)4
1 Year, ±(% rdg. + ohms)
NORMAL ACCURACY (23°C ±5°C)
1 Year, ±(% rdg. + ohms)
2400
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
2410
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
Source IACC + Meas VACC
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
2420, 2425, 2430, 2440
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
2400
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
2.00000 Ω3
20.0000 Ω
10 µΩ
–
0.17% +
0.0003 Ω
100 µΩ
100 mA
100 mA
0.10% +
0.003 Ω
0.11% +
0.006 Ω
0.10% +
0.003 Ω
0.07% +
0.001 Ω
200.000 Ω
1 mΩ
10 mA
10 mA
0.08% +
0.03 Ω
0.09% +
0.1
Ω
0.08% +
0.03
Ω
0.05% +
0.01 Ω
2.00000 kΩ
10 mΩ
1 mA
1 mA
0.07% +
0.3
Ω
0.08% +
0.6
Ω
0.07% +
0.3
Ω
0.05% +
0.1
Ω
20.0000 kΩ
100 mΩ
100 µA
100 µA
0.06% +
3
Ω
0.07% +
6
Ω
0.06% +
3
Ω
0.04% +
1
Ω
200.000 kΩ
1 Ω
10 µA
10 µA
0.07% + 30
Ω
0.07% + 60
Ω
0.07% + 30
Ω
0.05% + 10
Ω
2.00000 MΩ6
10 Ω
1 µA
1 µA
0.11% + 300
Ω
0.12% + 600
Ω
0.11% + 300
Ω
0.05% + 100
Ω
20.0000 MΩ7
100 Ω
1 µA
1 µA
0.11% +
0.05% + 500
Ω
200.000 MΩ3
1 kΩ
100 nA
–
–
–
–
A
kΩ
0.66% + 10 kΩ
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (0°–18°C & 28°–50°C): ±(0.15 × accuracy specification)/°C.
SOURCE I MODE, MANUAL OHMS: Total uncertainty = I source accuracy + V measure
accuracy (4-wire remote sense).
SOURCE V MODE, MANUAL OHMS: Total uncertainty = V source accuracy + I measure
accuracy (4-wire remote sense).
6-WIRE OHMS MODE: Available using active ohms guard and guard sense. Max.
Guard Output Current: 50mA (except 1A range). Accuracy is load dependent. Refer
to White Paper no. 2033 for calculation formula.
GUARD OUTPUT IMPEDANCE: <0.1Ω in ohms mode.
1.888.KEITHLEY
1
0.12% +
2.4 kΩ
0.66% + 24 kΩ
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
0.11% + 1
kΩ
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
0.35% + 5 kΩ
Source IACC + Meas. VACC
NOTES:
1. Speed = Normal (1 PLC). For 0.1 PLC, add 0.005% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges, add 0.05%. For
0.01 PLC, add 0.05% of range to offset specifications, except 200mV, 1A, 10A ranges, add 0.5%.
2. Accuracies apply to 2- or 4-wire mode when properly zeroed.
3. Manual ohms only – except 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440 for 2Ω range and 2410 or 2400 for 200MΩ range.
4. Source readback enabled, offset compensation ON. Also available on 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, and 2440 with similar accuracy
enhancement.
5. In pulse mode, limited to 0.1 PLC measurement.
6. Except 2440; default test current is 5µA.
7. Except 2440; default test current is 0.5µA.
SOURCE AND MEASURE
>200.000 MΩ3
1
2400 Series Condensed Specifications
RANGE
<0.20000 Ω3
DEFAULT TEST
DEFAULT
CURRENT
RESOLUTION
2400, 2410
–
–
(U.S. only)
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®
SourceMeter Line
2400 Series
System Speeds
MEASUREMENT1
MAXIMUM RANGE CHANGE RATE: 75/second.
MAXIMUM MEASURE AUTORANGE TIME: 40ms (fixed source).2
2400 Series Condensed Specifications
Sweep Operation3 Reading Rates (rdg./second) for 60Hz (50Hz):
SPEED
NPLC/TRIGGER ORIGIN
Fast
0.01 / internal
IEEE-488.1 Mode
0.01 / external
Fast
0.01 / internal
IEEE-488.2 Mode
0.01 / external
Medium
0.10 / internal
IEEE-488.2 Mode
0.10 / external
Normal
1.00 / internal
IEEE-488.2 Mode
1.00 / external
SOURCE-MEASURE5
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
1551 (1515) 1369
1018 (990) 1035
1551 (1515) 1000 (900)
1018 (990)
916 (835)
470 (405)
470 (410)
409 (360)
409 (365)
58 (48)
58 (48)
57 (48)
57 (47)
MEASURE
TO MEM.
TO GPIB
2081 (2030)
1754
1239 (1200)
1254
2081 (2030)
1198 (1210)
1239 (1200)
1079 (1050)
510 (433)
509 (433)
438 (380)
438 (380)
59 (49)
59 (49)
57 (48)
57 (48)
SOURCE-MEASURE
PASS/FAIL TEST4, 5
TO MEM. TO GPIB
902 (900)
981
830 (830)
886
902 (900)
809 (840)
830 (830)
756 (780)
389 (343)
388 (343)
374 (333)
374 (333)
56 (47)
56 (47)
56 (47)
56 (47)
SOURCE-MEMORY4
TO MEM. TO GPIB
165 (162)
165
163 (160)
163
165 (162)
164 (162)
163 (160)
162 (160)
133 (126)
132 (126)
131 (125)
131 (125)
44 (38)
44 (38)
44 (38)
44 (38)
Single Reading Operation Reading Rates (rdg./second) for 60Hz (50Hz):
MEASURE
TO GPIB
537
256 (256)
167 (166)
49 (42)
SPEED
NPLC/TRIGGER ORIGIN
Fast (488.1)
0.01 / internal
Fast (488.2)
0.01 / internal
Medium(488.2)
0.10 / internal
Normal (488.2)
1.00 / internal
SOURCE-MEASURE5
TO GPIB
140
79 (83)
72 (70)
34 (31)
SOURCE-MEASURE PASS/FAIL TEST4,5
TO GPIB
135
79 (83)
69 (70)
35 (30)
SOURCE
PASS/FAIL TEST
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
0.5 ms (0.5 ms)
SOURCE-MEASURE PASS/FAIL TEST5, 7
TO GPIB
4.82 ms (5.3 ms)
6.27 ms (7.1 ms)
21.31 ms (25.0 ms)
Component for 60Hz (50Hz):4, 6
SPEED
Fast
Medium
Normal
1
MEASURE
TO GPIB
1.04 ms
(1.08 ms)
2.55 ms
(2.9 ms)
17.53 ms
(20.9 ms)
NPLC/TRIGGER ORIGIN
0.01 / external
0.10 / external
1.00 / external
Reading rates applicable for voltage or current measurements. Auto zero off, autorange off, filter off, display off, trigger delay = 0, and binary reading format.
Purely resistive lead. 1µA and 10µA ranges <65ms.
1000 point sweep was characterized with the source on a fixed range.
Pass/Fail test performed using one high limit and one low math limit.
2
3
4
5
6
7
Includes time to re-program source to a new level before making measurement.
Time from falling edge of START OF TEST signal to falling edge of END OF TEST signal.
Command processing time of :SOURce:VOLTage|CURRent:TRIGgered <nrf> command not included.
GENERAL
Noise Rejection:
Fast
Medium
Slow
SOURCE AND MEASURE
1
NPLC
0.01
0.1
1
NMRR
—
—
60 dB
CMRR
80 dB
80 dB
100 dB1
Except lowest 2 current ranges = 90dB.
LOAD IMPEDANCE: Stable into 20,000pF typical.
COMMON MODE VOLTAGE: 250V DC (40V DC for Model 2440).
COMMON MODE ISOLATION: >109Ω, <1000pF.
OVERRANGE: 105% of range, source and measure.
MAX. VOLTAGE DROP BETWEEN INPUT/OUTPUT AND SENSE TERMINALS: 5V.
MAX. SENSE LEAD RESISTANCE: 1MΩ for rated accuracy.
SENSE INPUT IMPEDANCE: >1010Ω.
GUARD OFFSET VOLTAGE: <150µV, typical (300µV for Models 2430, 2440).
SOURCE OUTPUT MODES:
Pulse (Model 2430 only)
Fixed DC level
Memory List (mixed function)
Stair (linear and log)
MEMORY BUFFER: 5,000 readings @ 5 digits (two 2,500 point buffers). Includes selected measured
value(s) and time stamp. Lithium battery backup (3 yr+ battery life).
1.888.KEITHLEY
SOURCE MEMORY LIST: 100 points max.
PROGRAMMABILITY: IEEE-488 (SCPI-1995.0), RS-232, 5 user-definable power-up states plus factory default and *RST.
DIGITAL INTERFACE:
Interlock: Active low input.
Handler Interface: Start of test, end of test, 3 category bits. [email protected] 300mA supply.
Digital I/O: 1 trigger input, 4 TTL/Relay Drive outputs (33V @ 500mA, diode clamped).
POWER SUPPLY: 100V to 240V rms, 50–60Hz (automatically detected at power up). Model
2400: 190VA. Model 2410: 210VA. Model 2420: 220VA. Model 2425, 2430: 250VA. Model
2440: 240VA.
COOLING: (Model 2410, 2420, 2425, 2430, 2440): Forced air, variable speed.
WARRANTY: 1 year.
EMC: Conforms to European Union Directive 89/336/EEC, EN 61326-1.
SAFETY: Conforms to European Union Directive 73/23/EEC, EN61010-1.
VIBRATION: MIL-PRF-28800F Class 3 Random.
WARM-UP: 1 hour to rated accuracies.
DIMENSIONS: 89mm high × 213mm wide × 370mm deep (31⁄2 in × 83⁄8 in × 149⁄16 in). Bench
Configuration (with handle & feet):104mm high × 238mm wide × 370mm deep (41⁄8 in ×
93⁄8 in × 149⁄16 in).
WEIGHT: 3.21kg (7.08 lbs) (Model 2425, 2430, 2440: 4.1kg, 9.0 lbs).
ENVIRONMENT: Operating: 0°–50°C, 70%R.H. up to 35°C. Derate 3% R.H./°C, 35°–50°C.
Storage: –25°C to 65°C.
(U.S. only)
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