MODEL NO. COGT22H48A 22.0 HP 48 INCH GARDEN TRACTOR

MODEL NO. COGT22H48A 22.0 HP 48 INCH GARDEN TRACTOR
For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
MODEL NO. COGT22H48A
22.0 HP 48 INCH
GARDEN TRACTOR
•
Assembly
•
Operation
•
Maintenance
•
Service and Adjustments
•
Storage
•
Troubleshooting
•
Repair Parts
For Parts and Service, contact our authorized distributor:
call 1-800-849-1297 For Technical Assistance: call 1-800-829-5886
191491 Rev. 1 03.11.04 RD
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Maintenance ....................................... 19
Maintenance Schedule ........................ 19
Service and Adjustments..................... 23
Storage ................................................ 29
Troubleshooting ................................... 30
Repair Parts......................................... 34
Warranty ................................................ 2
Safety Rules .......................................... 3
Product Specifications ........................... 6
Assembly/Pre-Operation ....................... 8
Operation............................................. 12
WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY
The Manufacturer warrants to the original consumer purchaser that this product as
manufactured is free from defects in materials and workmanship. For a period of two
(2) years from date of purchase by the original consumer purchaser, we will repair or
replace, at our option, without charge for parts or labor incurred in replacing parts, any
part which we find to be defective due to materials or workmanship. This Warranty is
subject to the following limitations and exclusions.
1. This warranty does not apply to the engine, other than EHP manufactured transaxle/
transmission components, battery (except as noted below) or components parts
thereof. Please refer to the applicable manufacturer's warranty on these items.
2. Transportation charges for the movement of any power equipment unit or attachment
are the responsibility of the purchaser. Transportation charges for any parts submitted for replacement under this warranty must be paid by the purchaser unless such
return is requested by Electrolux Home Products.
3. Battery Warranty: On products equipped with a Battery, we will replace, without
charge to you, any battery which we find to be defective in manufacture, during the
first ninety (90) days of ownership. After ninety (90) days, we will exchange the Battery, charging you 1/12 of the price of a new Battery for each full month from the date
of the original sale. Battery must be maintained in accordance with the instructions
furnished.
4. The Warranty period for any products used for rental or commercial purposes is
limited to 90 days from the date of original purchase.
5. This Warranty applies only to products which have been properly assembled, adjusted, operated, and maintained in accordance with the instructions furnished. This
Warranty does not apply to any product which has been subjected to alteration, misuse, abuse, improper assembly or installation, delivery damage, or to normal wear of
the product.
6. Exclusions: Excluded from this Warranty are belts, blades, blade adapters, normal
wear, normal adjustments, standard hardware and normal maintenance.
7. In the event you have a claim under this Warranty, you must return the product to an
authorized service dealer.
Should you have any unanswered questions concerning this Warranty, please contact:
In Canada contact:
Electrolux Canada Corp.
7075 Ordan Drive
Mississauga, Ontario
L5T 1K6
Electrolux Home Products, Inc.
Outdoor Products Customer Service Dept.
250 Bobby Jones Expressway
Augusta, GA 30909 USA
giving the model number, serial number and date of purchase of your product and the
name and address of the authorized dealer from whom it was purchased.
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT APPLY TO INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME TIME
PERIODS STATED HEREIN FOR OUR EXPRESSED WARRANTIES. Some areas do
not allow the limitation of consequential damages or limitations of how long an implied
Warranty may last, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This
Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which vary from
locale to locale.
This is a limited Warranty within the meaning of that term as defined in the MagnusonMoss Act of 1975.
2
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SAFETY RULES
IMPORTANT: This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious
injury or death.
• Slow down before turning.
• Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off blades, set
parking brake, stop engine, and remove
keys before dismounting.
• Turn off blades when not mowing.
• Stop engine before removing grass
catcher or unclogging chute.
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial
light.
• Do not operate the machine while under
the influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Watch for traffic when operating near or
crossing roadways.
• Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or
truck.
• Data indicates that operators, age 60
years and above, are involved in a large
percentage of riding mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate
their ability to operate the riding mower
safely enough to protect themselves
and others from serious injury.
• Keep machine free of grass , leaves or
other debris build-up which can touch
hot exhaust / engine parts and burn . Do
not allow the mower deck to plow leaves
or other debris which can cause buildup to occur. Clean any oil or fuel
spillage before operating or storing the
machine . Allow machine to cool before
storage.
WARNING: In order to prevent accidental starting when setting up, transporting, adjusting or making repairs,
always disconnect spark plug wire and
place wire where it cannot contact spark
plug.
WARNING: Do not coast down a hill in
neutral, you may lose control of the tractor.
WARNING: Tow only the attachments
that are recommended by and comply with
specifications of the manufacturer of your
tractor. Use common sense when towing.
Operate only at the lowest possible speed
when on a slope. Too heavy of a load,
while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can
lose traction with the ground and cause
you to lose control of your tractor.
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its
constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals
and related accessories contain lead and
lead compounds, chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
I. GENERAL OPERATION
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual and on the machine
before starting.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are
familiar with the instructions, to operate
the machine.
• Clear the area of objects such as rocks,
toys, wire, etc., which could be picked
up and thrown by the blade.
• Be sure the area is clear of other people
before mowing. Stop machine if anyone
enters the area.
• Never carry passengers.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down and
behind before and while backing.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do
not operate the mower without either
the entire grass catcher or the guard in
place.
II. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to lossof-control and tipover accidents, which can
result in severe injury or death. All slopes
require extra caution. If you cannot back
up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do
not mow it.
DO:
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree
limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine.
Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear
so that you will not have to stop or shift
while on the slope.
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SAFETY RULES
• Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or
other attachments. These can change
the stability of the machine.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow
and gradual. Do not make sudden
changes in speed or direction.
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If
tires lose traction, disengage the blades
and proceed slowly straight down the
slope.
DO NOT:
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly and gradually
downhill, if possible.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches,
or embankments. The mower could
suddenly turn over if a wheel is over
the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge
caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced
traction could cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by
putting your foot on the ground.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep
slopes.
IV. SERVICE
• Use extra care in handling gasoline and
other fuels. They are flammable and
vapors are explosive.
- Use only an approved container.
- Never remove gas cap or add fuel
with the engine running. Allow
engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
- Never refuel the machine indoors.
- Never store the machine or fuel
container inside where there is an
open flame, such as a water heater.
• Never run a machine inside a closed
area.
• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade
attachment bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.
• Never tamper with safety devices.
Check their proper operation regularly.
• Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or
other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel
spillage. Allow machine to cool before
storing.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you
strike an object. Repair, if necessary,
before restarting.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with
the engine running.
• Grass catcher components are subject
to wear, damage, and deterioration,
which could expose moving parts or
allow objects to be thrown. Frequently
check components and replace with
manufacturer's recommended parts,
when necessary.
• Mower blades are sharp and can cut.
Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves, and
use extra caution when servicing them.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.
III. CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator
is not alert to the presence of children.
Children are often attracted to the machine and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you
last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area
and under the watchful care of another
responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn machine off if children
enter the area.
• Before and when backing, look behind
and down for small children.
• Never carry children. They may fall off
and be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation.
• Never allow children to operate the
machine.
• Use extra care when approaching blind
corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects
that may obscure vision.
4
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SAFETY RULES
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree
limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven
terrain could overturn the machine. Tall
grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear
so that you will not have to stop or shift
while on the slope.
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If
tires lose traction, disengage the blades
and proceed slowly straight down the
slope.
• If machine stops while going uphill,
disengage blades, shift into reverse and
back down slowly.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary,
and then, turn slowly and gradually
downhill, if possible.
• Be sure the area is clear of other people
before mowing. Stop machine if anyone
enters the area.
• Never carry passengers or children
even with the blades off.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down and
behind before and while backing.
• Never carry children. They may fall off
and be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation.
• Keep children out of the mowing area
and under the watchful care of another
responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn machine off if children
enter the area.
• Before and when backing, look behind
and down for small children.
• Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not
across.
5
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PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Gasoline
Capacity
and Type:
5 Gallons
Unleaded
Regular
Oil Type
(API-SF-SJ):
SAE 30 (above 32°F)
SAE 5W-30
(Below 32°F)
Oil Capacity:
W/Filter:
4.0 Pints
W/O Filter: 3.75 Pints
Spark Plug:
(Gap: .040")
Champion QC12YC
Ground Speed
(MPH):
Forward:
Reverse:
Tire Pressure:
Front: 14 PSI
Rear: 10 PSI
Charging
System:
16 Amps @ 3600RPM
Battery:
Amp/Hr:
35
Min. CCA: 280
Case Size: U1R
Blade Bolt
Torque:
45-55 Ft. Lbs.
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
• Read and observe the safety rules.
• Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and using your tractor.
• Follow the instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage” sections of this
owner’s manual.
WARNING: This tractor is equipped
with an internal combustion engine and
should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or
grass-covered land unless the engine’s
exhaust system is equipped with a spark
arrester meeting applicable local or state
laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it
should be maintained in effective working
order by the operator.
In the state of California the above is
required by law (Section 4442 of the
California Public Resources Code). Other
states may have similar laws. Federal
laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is available through
your nearest authorized service center/department (See REPAIR PARTS section of
this manual).
5.8
2.1
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase
of a new tractor. It has been designed,
engineered and manufactured to give
you the best possible dependability and
performance.
Should you experience any problem you
cannot easily remedy, please contact
your nearest authorized service center/
department . We have competent, welltrained technicians and the proper tools to
service or repair this tractor.
Please read and retain this manual. The
instructions will enable you to assemble
and maintain your tractor properly. Always
observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
6
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UNASSEMBLED PARTS
Steering Wheel
Steering
Sleeve
(1) Locknut
1/2-20
Steering Wheel
Adapter
Steering
Wheel
Insert
(1) Large Flat Washer
Gauge Wheels
(4) Adjusting
Bar
(4) Retainer Springs
(double loop)
(4) Clevis Pins
(4) Wheels
(4) Shoulder Bolt
(4) Washers
3/8 x 3/4 x 14 Ga.
(4) Locknut 3/8-16
Seat
(1) Oil Drain Tube
For Future Use
Slope Sheet
Keys
(2) Keys
(1) Washer
17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge
Mower
(1) Knob
(2) Retainer Springs
(double loop)
7
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(2)Flanged Pins
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ASSEMBLY/PRE-OPERATION
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with the exception of those parts left
unassembled for shipping purposes. To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor
all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools
as necessary to insure proper tightness. Review the video cassette before you begin.
Steering Wheel
Insert
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY
A socket wrench set will make assembly
easier. Standard wrench sizes you need
are listed below.
(1) 3/4" wrench
(1) Pliers
(2) 7/16" wrench
(1) Utility knife
(1) Tire pressure gauge
When right or left hand is mentioned in
this manual, it means, from your point of
view, when you are in the operating position (seated behind the steering wheel).
Lock Nut
Large Flat
Washer
Steering
Wheel
Steering
Wheel
Adaptor
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM
CARTON
Steering
Shaft
UNPACK CARTON
1. Remove all accessible loose parts and
parts boxes from carton.
2. Cut along dotted lines on all four panels of carton. Remove end panels and
lay side panels flat.
3. Check for any additional loose parts or
cartons and remove.
Steering
Sleeve
027
42
HOW TO SET UP YOUR TRACTOR
BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR
FROM SKID
CHECK BATTERY
1. Lift hood to raised position.
NOTE: If this battery is put into service
after month and year indicated on label
(label located between terminals) charge
battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10
amps. (See "BATTERY" in Maintenance
section of this manual for charging instructions).
ATTACH STEERING WHEEL
1. Remove locknut and large flat washer
from steering shaft.
2. Position front wheels of the tractor so
they are pointing straight forward.
3. Slide the steering sleeve over the
steering shaft.
4. Position steering wheel so cross bars
are horizontal (left to right) and slide
onto steering wheel adapter.
5. Secure steering wheel to steering
shaft with locknut and large flat washer
previously removed. Tighten securely.
6. Snap steering wheel insert into center
of steering wheel.
7. Remove protective materials from tractor hood and grill.
IMPORTANT: Check for and remove any
staples in skid that may puncture tires
where tractor is to roll off skid.
Label
02
17
3
INSTALL SEAT
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment
knob.
1. Remove adjustment knob and flat
washer securing seat to cardboard
packing and set aside for assembly of
seat to tractor.
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2. Pivot seat upward and remove from
the cardboard packing. Remove the
cardboard packing and discard.
3. Place seat on seat pan so head of
shoulder bolt is positioned over large
slotted hole in pan.
4. Push down on seat to engage shoulder
bolt in slot and pull seat towards rear of
tractor.
5. Pivot seat and pan forward and assemble adjustment knob and flat
washer loosely. Do not tighten.
6. Lower seat into operating position and
sit in seat.
7. Slide seat until a comfortable position
is reached which allows you to press
clutch/brake pedal all the way down.
8. Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.
9. Raise seat and tighten adjustment
knob securely.
TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID (See
Operation section for location and
function of controls)
WARNING: Before starting, read, understand and follow all instructions in the
Operation section of this manual. Be sure
tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure
the area in front of tractor is clear of other
people and objects.
1. Be sure all the above assembly steps
have been completed.
2. Check engine oil level and fill fuel tank
with gasoline.
3. Place freewheel control in "transmission engaged" position (see "TO
TRANSPORT" in Operation section of
this manual).
4. Sit on seat in operating position, depress brake pedal and set the parking
brake.
5. Press lift lever plunger and raise
attachment lift lever to its highest position.
6. Start the engine. After engine has
started, move throttle control to idle
position.
7. Release parking brake.
8. Slowly depress forward drive pedal and
drive tractor off skid.
9. Apply brake to stop tractor and set
parking brake.
10. Turn ignition key to "STOP" position.
Continue with the instructions that follow.
Seat
Seat Pan
Shoulder
Bolt
66
24
ASSEMBLE GAUGE WHEELS TO
MOWER DECK
Flat Washer
The gauge wheels are designed to keep
the mower deck in proper position when
operating mower. Be sure they are properly adjusted to ensure optimum mower
performance.
1. Slide gauge wheel bar down into
bracket channel, Be sure that gauge
wheel bar aligning holes are on top.
Assemble gauge wheels as shown
using shoulder bolts, 3/8 washers and
3/8-16 center locknuts and tighten
securely.
2. For ease of mower to tractor assembly,
raise gauge wheels to highest position
and retain with clevis pins and spring
retainers.
NOTE: Adjust gauge wheels before operating mower. See “TO ADJUST GAUGE
WHEELS” in the Operation section of this
manual.
02464
Adjustment Knob
NOTE: You may now roll or drive your
tractor off the skid. Follow the appropriate
instruction below to remove the tractor
from the skid.
TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See
Operation section for location and
function of controls)
1. Press lift lever plunger and raise
attachment lift lever to its highest position.
2. Release parking brake by depressing
brake pedal.
3. Place freewheel control in disengaged
position to disengage transmission
(See “TO TRANSPORT” in the Operation section of this manual).
4. Roll tractor forward off skid.
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Retainer
Spring
6. Install belt into electric clutch pulley
groove.
7. Place the suspension arms on outward
pointing deck pins. Retain with double
loop retainer spring with loops up as
shown.
8. Install front plate assembly to tractor
suspension brackets and retain with
single loop retainer springs as shown.
9. Position front plate assembly between
front mower brackets. Raise deck and
plate assembly to align holes and
insert flanged pins. Secure pins with
double loop retainer springs between
the plate assembly and mower brackets.
NOTE: To assist in locating hole in flanged
pin, the hole in pin is inline with notch on
head of pin. If necessary, move mower
side-to-side to give space between plate
and mower brackets.
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing in all mower pulley grooves.
10. Engage belt tension rod by pushing rod
into locking bracket.
CAUTION: Belt tension rod is spring
loaded. Have a tight grip on rod and engage slowly.
11. Connect anti-sway bar to chassis
bracket under left footrest and retain
with double loop retainer spring.
Pin
Shoulder
Adjusting
Bolt
Bar
Gauge
Wheel
3/8 Washer
3/8-16 Center
Locknut
INSTALL MOWER AND DRIVE
BELT
Be sure tractor is on level surface and
mower suspension arms are raised with
attachment lift control. Engage parking
brake.
1. Cut and remove ties securing antisway bar and belts. Swing anti-sway
bar to left side of mower deck.
2. Slide mower under tractor with deflector shield to right side of tractor.
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing in all mower pulley grooves.
3. If equipped, turn height adjustment
knob counterclockwise until it stops.
4. Lower mower linkage with attachment
lift control.
5. Be sure belt tension rod is in disengaged position.
Belt Tension Rod
Disengaged Position
Lock Bracket
Chassis
Bracket
Gauge
Wheel
Electric Clutch
Pulley
Front
Suspension
Front Plate
Brackets
Assembly
Front
Mower
Double
Bracket
Loop Retainer
Springs
Flanged
Pin
Double Loop
Retainer
Spring
USE PLIERS FOR
RETAINER SPRINGS
Loop Up
Single
Loop
Retainer
Springs
Anti-Sway
Bar
Suspension Arms
Double Loop
Retainer Spring
(Outward pointing
deck pins)
025
10
Deflector Shield
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✔CHECKLIST
12. If equipped, turn height adjustment
knob clockwise to remove slack from
mower suspension.
13. Raise deck to highest position.
14. Adjust gauge wheels before operating
mower as shown in the Operation section of this manual.
Before you operate your new tractor, we
wish to assure that you receive the best
performance and satisfaction from this
quality product.
Please review the following checklist:
✓ All assembly instructions have been
completed.
✓ No remaining loose parts in carton.
✓ Battery is properly prepared and
charged. (Minimum 1 hour at 6 amps).
✓ Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.
✓ All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes, the tires were overinflated at the factory).
✓ Be sure mower deck is properly leveled
side-to-side/front-to-rear for best cutting
results. (Tires must be properly inflated
for leveling).
✓ Check mower and drive belts. Be sure
they are routed properly around pulleys
and inside all belt keepers.
✓ Check wiring. See that all connections
are still secure and wires are properly
clamped.
✓ Before driving tractor, be sure freewheel
control is in “transmission engaged”
position (see “TO TRANSPORT” in the
Operation section of this manual).
While learning how to use your tractor, pay
extra attention to the following impor tant
items:
✓ Engine oil is at proper level.
✓ Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline.
✓ Become familiar with all controls - their
location and function. Operate them
before you start the engine.
✓ Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.
✓ It is important to purge the transmission
before operating your tractor for the first
time. Follow proper starting and transmission purging instructions (See “TO
START ENGINE” and “PURGE TRANSMISSION” in the Operation section of
this manual).
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
The tires on your tractor were overinflated
at the factory for shipping purposes. Correct tire pressure is important for best
cutting performance.
• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section
of this manual.
CHECK DECK LEVELNESS
For best cutting results, mower housing
should be properly leveled. See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the Service
and Adjustments section of this manual.
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION
OF ALL BELTS
See the figures that are shown for replacing motion and mower blade drive belts
in the Service and Adjustments section
of this manual. Verify that the belts are
routed correctly.
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM
After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see that the brake is properly
adjusted. See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in
the Service and Adjustments section of
this manual.
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OPERATION
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product.
Learn and understand their meaning.
REVERSE
NEUTRAL
HIGH
LOW
CHOKE
FAST
SLOW
IGNITION
P
ENGINE OFF
LIGHTS ON
OVER TEMP
LIGHT
FUEL
ENGINE ON
OIL PRESSURE
ENGINE START
BATTERY
PARKING BRAKE
REVERSE
FORWARD
PARKING BRAKE
LOCKED
MOWER HEIGHT
PARKING BRAKE
UNLOCKED
MOWER LIFT
15
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH ENGAGED
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH DISENGAGED
DANGER, KEEP HANDS
AND FEET AWAY
15
SLOPE HAZARDS
KEEP AREA CLEAR
(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
FREE WHEEL
(Automatic Models only)
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
might result in minor or moderate injury.
Failure to follow instructions
could result in serious injury or
death. The safety alert symbol
is used to identify safety information about hazards which can
result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
CAUTION when used without the alert symbol,
indicates a situation that could result in damage
to the tractor and/or engine.
HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which,
if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death, serious injury and/or
property damage.
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KNOW YOUR TRACTOR
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR
TRACTOR
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of
various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.
Light Switch
Position
Ammeter
Ignition
Switch
Choke
Control
Throttle
Control
Attachment
Clutch Switch
Lift
Lever
Plunger
Motion Drive
Belt Tension
Brake Pedal
Handle
Attachment
Lift Lever
Parking Brake
Lever
Height
Adjustment
Knob
Free Wheel
Control
Approx.
Speed:
3MPH
2MPH
1MPH
Motion Control
Lever
02507
Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the
American National Standards Institute.
LIFT LEVER PLUNGER - Used to release
attachment lift lever when changing its
position.
AMMETER - Indicates charging (+) or
discharging (-) of battery.
PARKING BRAKE LEVER - Locks brake
pedal into the brake position.
MOTION CONTROL LEVER - Selects the
speed and direction of tractor.
FREEWHEEL CONTROL - Disengages
transmission for pushing or slowly towing
the tractor with the engine off.
MOTION DRIVE BELT TENSION HANDLE - Used when changing motion drive
belt and, if necessary, starting engine
under extremely cold conditions.
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH SWITCH - Used
to engage the mower blades, or other attachments mounted to your tractor.
LIGHT SWITCH POSITION - Turns the
headlights on and off.
THROTTLE CONTROL - Used to control
engine speed.
BRAKE PEDAL - Used for braking the
tractor and starting the engine.
CHOKE CONTROL - Used when starting
a cold engine.
HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT KNOB - Used to
adjust the mower cutting height.
IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting and
stopping the engine.
ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to raise
and lower the mower deck or other attachments
mounted to your tractor.
13
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The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into
the eyes, which can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety
glasses or eye shields while operating your tractor or performing any
adjustments or repairs. We recommend standard safety glasses or a
wide vision safety mask worn over spectacles.
00155
IMPORTANT: Leaving the ignition switch
in any position other than "STOP" will
cause the battery to discharge and go
dead.
NOTE: Under certain conditions when
tractor is standing idle with the engine
running, hot engine exhaust gases may
cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate
this possibility, always stop engine when
stopping tractor on grass areas.
CAUTION: Always stop tractor completely, as described above, before leaving
the operator's position.
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
TO SET PARKING BRAKE
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch. When engine
is running, any attempt by the operator
to leave the seat without first setting the
parking brake will shut off the engine.
1. Depress brake pedal all the way down
and hold.
2. Pull parking brake lever up and release
pressure from brake pedal. Pedal
should remain in brake position. Make
sure parking brake will hold tractor
secure.
Choke
Control
Attachment Clutch
Push-In to
“Disengage” Switch Pull Out to
“Engage”
Throttle
Control
Brake
Pedal
02149
Ignition
Key
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL
Always operate engine at full throttle.
• Operating engine at less than full
throttle reduces the battery charging
rate.
• Full throttle offers the best mower performance.
TO USE CHOKE CONTROL
Use choke control whenever you are starting a cold engine. Do not use to start a
warm engine.
• To engage choke control, pull knob out.
Slowly push knob in to disengage.
Motion
Control
Lever
Height
Parking Brake
Adjustment
“Disengaged” “Engaged”
Knob
Position
Brake Pedal
Position
“Drive” Position
TO MOVE FORWARD AND
BACKWARD
CAUTION: Do not attempt to operate motion control lever when the parking brake
is set or when the brake pedal is depressed. Doing so may result in misadjustment to the drive control system.
The direction and speed of movement is
controlled by the motion control lever.
1. Start tractor with motion control lever in
neutral (N) position.
2. Release parking brake.
3. Slowly move motion control lever to
desired position.
STOPPING
MOWER BLADES • To stop mower blades, push attachment
clutch switch in to disengaged position.
GROUND DRIVE • To stop ground drive, depress brake
pedal all the way down.
IMPORTANT: The motion control lever
returns to neutral (N) position when the
brake pedal is fully depressed.
ENGINE • Move throttle control to slow position.
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control to
slow position to allow engine to idle before
stopping may cause engine to “backfire”.
• Turn ignition key to “STOP” position and
remove key. Always remove key when
leaving tractor to prevent unauthorized
use.
• Never use choke to stop engine.
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
The cutting height is controlled by turning the height adjustment knob in desired
direction.
) to raise cut• Turn knob clockwise (
ting height.
) to
• Turn knob counterclockwise (
lower cutting height.
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TO OPERATE MOWER
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch. Any attempt
by the operator to leave the seat with the
engine running and the attachment clutch
engaged will shut off the engine. You must
remain fully and centrally positioned in the
seat to prevent the engine from hesitating
or cutting off when operating your equipment on rough, rolling terrain or hills.
1. Select desired height of cut.
2. Lower mower with attachment lift control.
3. Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch control.
TO STOP MOWER BLADES disengage attachment clutch control.
CAUTION: Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher,
on mowers so equipped, or the deflector
shield in place.
The cutting height range is approximately
1-1/2" to 4-1/2". The heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip with
the engine not running.
These heights are approximate and may
vary depending upon soil conditions,
height of grass and types of grass being
mowed.
• The average lawn should be cut to
approximately 2-1/2 inches during the
cool season and to over 3 inches during
hot months. For healthier and better
looking lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.
• For best cutting performance, grass over
6 inches in height should be mowed
twice. Make the first cut relatively high;
the second to desired height.
TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS
Gauge wheels are properly adjusted
when they are slightly off the ground when
mower is at the desired cutting height in
operating position. Gauge wheels then
keep the deck in proper position to help
prevent scalping in most terrain conditions.
NOTE: Be sure tractor is on a flat level
surface.
1. Lower mower and adjust mower to
desired cutting height.
2. Remove retainer spring and clevis pin
which secure each gauge wheel bar.
3. Lower gauge wheels to ground. Raise
gauge wheels slightly to align holes
in bracket and gauge wheel bar and
insert clevis pin. Gauge wheels should
be slightly off the ground.
4. Replace retainer spring into clevis pin.
5. Be sure all gauge wheels are in the
same setting.
IMPORTANT: Be sure to readjust gauge
wheels if you change the cutting height
of the mower deck.
Attachment Clutch
Switch Pull Out to
“Engage”
Attachemnt Lift
Lever High Position
Low
Position
Deflector
Shield
Push-In to
“Disengage”
02
14
2
TO OPERATE ON HILLS
WARNING: Do not drive up or down
hills with slopes greater than 15° and do
not drive across any slope. Use the slope
guide provided at the back of this manual.
• Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down hills.
• Avoid stopping or changing speed on
hills.
• If stopping is absolutely necessary,
push brake pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking brake.
IMPORTANT: The motion control lever
returns to neutral (N) position when the
brake pedal is depressed.
• To restart movement, slowly release
parking brake and brake pedal.
• Slowly move motion control lever to
slowest setting.
• Make all turns slowly.
Retainer
Spring
01
97
7
Clevis
Pin
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TO TRANSPORT
When pushing or towing your tractor, be
sure to disengage transmission by placing
freewheel control in freewheeling position.
Freewheel control is located at the rear
drawbar of tractor.
1. Raise attachment lift to highest position with attachment lift control.
2. Pull freewheel control out and into the
slot and release so it is held in the
disengaged position.
• Do not push or tow tractor at more than
two (2) MPH.
• To re-engage transmission, reverse
above procedure.
Transmission Engaged
• For cold weather operation you should
change oil for easier starting (See the
oil viscosity chart in the Maintenance
section of this manual).
• To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section in this manual.
ADD GASOLINE
• Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do
not overfill. Use fresh, clean, regular
unleaded gasoline with a minimum of
87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will
increase carbon and lead oxide deposits
and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil
with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used within 30 days to
assure fuel freshness.
CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline
near an open flame.
IMPORTANT: When operating in temperatures below32°F(0°C), use fresh, clean
winter grade gasoline to help insure good
cold weather starting.
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can
attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of acids during storage.
Acidic gas can damage the fuel system
of an engine while in storage. To avoid
engine problems, the fuel system should
be emptied before storage of 30 days
or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the
engine and let it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel
next season. See Storage Instructions for
additional information. Never use engine
or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel
tank or permanent damage may occur.
02219
Transmission Disengaged
NOTE: To protect hood from damage
when transporting your tractor on a truck
or a trailer, be sure hood is closed and
secured to tractor. Use an appropriate
means of tying hood to tractor (rope, cord,
etc.).
TOWING CARTS AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS
Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and comply with specifications
of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use
common sense when towing. Too heavy
of a load, while on a slope, is dangerous.
Tires can lose traction with the ground and
cause you to lose control of your tractor.
TO START ENGINE
When starting the engine for the first time
or if the engine has run out of fuel, it will
take extra cranking time to move fuel from
the tank to the engine.
1. Be sure freewheel control is in the
transmission engaged position.
2. Sit on seat in operating position,
depress brake pedal and set parking
brake.
3. Move attachment clutch to disengaged
position.
4. Move throttle control to fast position
5. Pull choke control out for a cold engine
start attempt. For a warm engine start
attempt the choke control may not be
needed.
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and
cold starting procedures below.
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
The engine in your tractor has been
shipped, from the factory, already filled
with summer weight oil.
1. Check engine oil with tractor on level
ground.
2. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe
clean, reinsert the dipstick and screw
cap tight, wait for a few seconds, remove and read oil level. If necessary,
add oil until “FULL” mark on dipstick is
reached. Do not overfill.
16
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6. Insert key into ignition and turn key
clockwise to start position and release
key as soon as engine starts. Do
not run starter continuously for more
than fifteen seconds per minute. If the
engine does not start after several
attempts, push choke control in, wait
a few minutes and try again. If engine
still does not start, pull the choke control out and retry.
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and
above)
7. When engine starts, slowly push choke
control in until the engine begins to
run smoothly. If the engine starts to
run roughly, pull the choke control out
slightly for a few seconds and then
continue to push the control in slowly.
• The attachments and ground drive can
now be used. If the engine does not
accept the load, restart the engine and
allow it to warm up for one minute using
the choke as described above.
COLD WEATHER STARTING (50° F and
below)
7. When engine starts, slowly push choke
control in until the engine begins to run
smoothly. Continue to push the choke
control in small steps allowing the engine to accept small changes in speed
and load, until the choke control is fully
in. If the engine starts to run roughly,
pull the choke control out slightly for a
few seconds and then continue to push
the control in slowly. This may require
an engine warm-up period from several
seconds to several minutes, depending
on the temperature.
NOTE: In extreme cold conditions, if
engine will not start you may need to disengage the motion drive belt as follows:
1. Be sure parking brake is engaged.
2. Remove retainer spring from the drive
belt tension handle to relieve belt tension.
3. Start engine and allow it to warm up for
three (3) minutes.
4. Shut-off engine and engage parking
brake.
5. Engage drive belt tension handle and
replace the retainer spring.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION WARM UP
Before driving the unit in cold weather,
the transmission should be warmed up as
follows:
1. Be sure the tractor is on level ground.
2. Place the motion control lever in
neutral. Release the parking brake and
let the brake slowly return to operating
position.
3. Allow one minute for transmission to
warm up. This can be done during the
engine warm up period.
• The attachments can be used during
the engine warm-up period after the
transmission has been warmed up and
may require the choke control be pulled
out slightly.
NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000
feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32 F)
the carburetor fuel mixture may need to
be adjusted for best engine performance
(see “TO ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual).
PURGE TRANSMISSION
CAUTION: Never engage or disengage
freewheel lever while the engine is running.
To ensure proper operation and performance, it is recommended that the
transmission be purged before operating
tractor for the first time. This procedure will
remove any trapped air inside the transmission which may have developed during
shipping of your tractor.
IMPORTANT: Should your transmission
require removal for service or replacement, it should be purged after reinstallation before operating the tractor.
1. Place tractor safely on level surface
with engine off and parking brake set.
2. Disengage transmission by placing freewheel control in disengaged
position (See “TO TRANSPORT” in this
section of manual).
3. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine.
After the engine is running, move
throttle control to slow position. Disengage parking brake.
4. Move motion control lever to full
forward position and hold for five (5)
seconds. Move lever to full reverse
position and hold for five (5) seconds.
Repeat this procedure three (3) times.
NOTE: During this step there will be no
movement of drive wheels. The air is being
removed from hydraulic drive system.
5. Move motion control lever to neutral
(N) position. Shutoff engine and set
parking brake.
6. Engage transmission by placing freewheel control in engaged position (See
“TO TRANSPORT” in this section of
manual).
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7. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine.
After the engine is running, move
throttle control to half (1/2) speed.
Disengage parking brake.
8. Slowly move motion control lever
forward, after the tractor moves approximately five (5) feet, slowly move
motion control lever to reverse position.
After the tractor moves approximately
five (5) feet return the motion control
lever to the neutral (N) position. Repeat
this procedure with the motion control
lever three (3) times.
Your transmission is now purged and now
ready for normal operation.
00272
• If grass is extremely tall, it should be
mowed twice to reduce load and possible fire hazard from dried clippings.
Make first cut relatively high; the second
to the desired height.
• Do not mow grass when it is wet.
Wet grass will plug mower and leave
undesirable clumps. Allow grass to dry
before mowing.
• Always operate engine at full throttle
when mowing to assure better mowing performance and proper discharge
of material. Regulate ground speed by
selecting a low enough gear to give the
mower cutting performance as well as
the quality of cut desired.
• When operating attachments, select a
ground speed that will suit the terrain
and give best performance of the attachment being used.
MOWING TIPS
• Tire chains cannot be used when the
mower housing is attached to tractor.
• Mower should be properly leveled for
best mowing performance. See “TO
LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual.
• The left hand side of mower should be
used for trimming.
• Drive so that clippings are discharged
onto the area that has already been
cut. Have the cut area to the right of
the tractor. This will result in a more
even distribution of clippings and more
uniform cutting.
• When mowing large areas, start by
turning to the right so that clippings will
discharge away from shrubs, fences,
driveways, etc. After one or two rounds,
mow in the opposite direction making
left hand turns until finished.
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MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
FILL IN DATES
AS YOU COMPLETE
REGULAR SERVICE
E
E
RS
S
AG
RS
RS
US
OU SON OR
UR
OU HOU
H
T
O
H
A
0
S
E
8H
SE RE
25
10
50
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
RE
ER VER VER VER VER EFO
FO
V
E
B
SERVICE
E
E
E
E
E
B
H
AC
DATES
Check Brake Operation
Check Tire Pressure
T
R
A
C
T
0
R
Check Operator Presence and
Interlock Systems
Check for Loose Fasteners
5
Sharpen/Replace Mower Blades
3
Lubrication Chart
Check Battery Level
4
Clean Battery and Terminals
Check Transaxle Cooling
Check V-Belts
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil (with oil filter)
1,2
Clean Air Filter
2
Clean Air Screen
2
Inspect Muffler/Spark Arrester
Replace Oil Filter (If equipped)
1, 2
Clean Engine Cooling Fins
maint_sch-tractore.new1
E
N
G
I
N
E
1,2
Change Engine Oil (without oil filter)
2
Replace Spark Plug
Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge
2
Replace Fuel Filter
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or
in high ambient temperatures.
2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
3 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soil.
4 - Not required if equipped with maintenance-free battery.
5 - Tighten front axle pivot bolt to 35 ft.-lbs. maximum.
Do not overtighten.
LUBRICATION CHART
➀ Spindle
➀ Spindle
Zerk
Zerk
The warranty on this tractor does not
cover items that have been subjected to
operator abuse or negligence. To receive
full value from the warranty, operator
must maintain tractor as instructed in this
manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made
periodically to properly maintain your
tractor.
At least once a season, check to see if
you should make any of the adjustments
described in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
• At least once a year you should replace
the spark plug, clean or replace air filter,
and check blades and belts for wear.
A new spark plug and clean air filter
assure proper air-fuel mixture and help
your engine run better and last longer.
➀ Front
Wheel
Bearing zerk
➀ Front
Wheel
Bearing
zerk
➁ Engine
➀ Mandrel
Zerks
02500
➀ General Purpose Grease
➁ Refer to Maintenance “ENGINE” Section
IMPORTANT: Do not oil or grease the
pivot points which have special nylon bearings. Viscous lubricants will attract dust
and dirt that will shorten the life of the selflubricating bearings. If you feel they must
be lubricated, use only a dry, powdered
graphite type lubricant sparingly.
BEFORE EACH USE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check engine oil level.
Check brake operation.
Check tire pressure.
Check operator presence and
interlock systems for proper operation.
5. Check for loose fasteners.
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TRACTOR
IMPORTANT: To ensure proper assembly,
center hole in blade must align with star
on mandrel assembly.
4. Install and tighten blade bolt securely
(45-55 Ft. Lbs. torque).
IMPORTANT: Special blade bolt is heat
treated.
Always observe safety rules when performing any maintenance.
BRAKE OPERATION
If tractor requires more than six (6) feet
stopping distance at high speed in highest
gear, then brake must be adjusted. (See
“TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual).
Mandrel
Assembly
Blade
Center Hole
TIRES
• Maintain proper air pressure in all tires
(See “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS”
section of this manual).
• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect
control chemicals which can harm rubber.
• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp
objects and other hazards that may
cause tire damage.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
flat tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant
may be purchased from your local parts
dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry
rot and corrosion.
OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM
Be sure operator presence and interlock
systems are working properly. If your tractor does not function as described, repair
the problem immediately.
• The engine should not start unless
the brake pedal is fully depressed and
attachment clutch control is in the disengaged position.
• When the engine is running, any attempt by the operator to leave the seat
without first setting the parking brake
should shut off the engine.
• When the engine is running and the
attachment clutch is engaged, any attempt by the operator to leave the seat
should shut off the engine.
• The attachment clutch should never operate unless the operator is in the seat.
02
54
4
Star
Blade Bolt (Special)
TO SHARPEN BLADE
NOTE: We do not recommend sharpening blade - but if you do, be sure the
blade is balanced.
Care should be taken to keep the blade
balanced. An unbalanced blade will cause
excessive vibration and eventual damage
to mower and engine.
• The blade can be sharpened with a file
or on a grinding wheel. Do not attempt
to sharpen while on the mower.
• To check blade balance, you will need a
5/8" diameter steel bolt, pin, or a cone
balancer. (When using a cone balancer,
follow the instructions supplied with
balancer.)
NOTE: Do not use a nail for balancing
blade. The lobes of the center hole may
appear to be centered, but are not.
• Slide blade on to an unthreaded portion
of the steel bolt or pin and hold the
bolt or pin parallel with the ground. If
blade is balanced, it should remain in a
horizontal position. If either end of the
blade moves downward, sharpen the
heavy end until the blade is balanced.
BLADE CARE
For best results mower blades must be
kept sharp. Replace bent or damaged
blades.
5/8” Bolt
or Pin
BLADE REMOVAL
1. Raise mower to highest position to allow access to blades.
NOTE: Protect your hands with gloves
and/or wrap blade with heavy cloth.
2. Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
3. Install new or resharpened blade with
stamped "THIS SIDE UP" facing deck
and mandrel assembly.
Blade
Center Hole
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BATTERY
V-BELTS
Your tractor has a battery charging system
which is sufficient for normal use. However, periodic charging of the battery with
an automotive charger will extend its life.
• Keep battery and terminals clean.
• Keep battery bolts tight.
• Keep small vent holes open.
• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.
NOTE: The original equipment battery on
your tractor is maintenance free. Do not
attempt to open or remove caps or covers.
Adding or checking level of electrolyte is
not necessary.
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear
after 100 hours of operation and replace
if necessary. The belts are not adjustable.
Replace belts if they begin to slip from
wear.
ENGINE
LUBRICATION
Only use high quality detergent oil rated
with API service classification SF-SJ. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade according to your expected operating temperature.
TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and
terminals can cause the battery to “leak”
power.
1. Remove terminal guard.
2. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first
then RED battery cable and remove
battery from tractor.
3. Rinse the battery with plain water and
dry.
4. Clean terminals and battery cable
ends with wire brush until bright.
5. Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.
6. Reinstall battery (See “REPLACING
BATTERY" in the SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS section of this manual).
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
SAE 30
5W-30
-20
F
C
-30
0
-20
30
-10
32
0
40
60
10
100
80
20
30
40
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
oil_visc_chart1_e
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils
(5W30, 10W30 etc.) improve starting in
cold weather, these multi-viscosity oils will
result in increased oil consumption when
used above 32°F. Check your engine oil
level more frequently to avoid possible
engine damage from running low on oil.
Change the oil after every 50 hours of operation or at least once a year if the tractor
is not used for 50 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine and after each eight (8)
hours of operation. Tighten oil fill cap/
dipstick securely each time you check the
oil level.
TRANSAXLE COOLING
The transmission fan and cooling fins
should be kept clean to assure proper
cooling.
Do not attempt to clean fan or transmission while engine is running or while the
transmission is hot. To prevent possible
damage to seals, do not use high pressure water or steam to clean transaxle.
• Inspect cooling fan to be sure fan blades
are intact and clean.
• Inspect cooling fins for dirt, grass clippings and other materials. To prevent
damage to seals, do not use compressed air or high pressure sprayer to
clean cooling fins.
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL
Determine temperature range expected
before oil change. All oil must meet API
service classification SF-SJ.
• Be sure tractor is on level surface.
• Oil will drain more freely when warm.
• Catch oil in a suitable container.
1. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick. Be careful
not to allow dirt to enter the engine
when changing oil.
2. Install the drain tube onto the valve.
3. Open drain valve by using a 7/16"
(11mm) wrench turning counterclockwise.
TRANSAXLE PUMP FLUID
The transaxle was sealed at the factory
and fluid maintenance is not required for
the life of the transaxle. Should the transaxle ever leak or require servicing, contact
a qualified service center.
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Oil Drain Valve
Every 100 hours of operation (more often
under extremely dusty, dirty conditions),
remove the blower housing and other cooling shrouds. Clean the cooling fins and
external surfaces as necessary. Make sure
the cooling shrouds are reinstalled.
NOTE: Operating the engine with a
blocked grass screen, dirty or plugged
cooling fins, and/or cooling shrouds
removed will cause engine damage due to
overheating.
To Open
To Close
Drain Tube
02791
MUFFLER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler and
spark arrester (if equipped) as it could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
SPARK PLUG(S)
Replace spark plug(s) at the beginning
of each mowing season or after every
100 hours of operation, whichever occurs
first. Spark plug type and gap setting are
shown in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS”
section of this manual.
4. After oil has drained completely, close
the drain valve turning clockwise. Use
the 7/16" (11mm) wrench to apply
a small amount of torque to keep it
closed. Do not over tighten.
5. Remove the drain tube and store in a
safe place.
6. Refill engine with oil through oil fill dipstick tube. Pour slowly. Do not overfill.
For approximate capacity see “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this
manual.
7. Use gauge on oil fill cap/dipstick for
checking level. For accurate reading,
tighten dipstick cap securely onto the
tube before removing dipstick. Keep oil
at “FULL” line on dipstick. Tighten cap
onto the tube securely when finished.
IN-LINE FUEL FILTER
The fuel filter should be replaced once
each season. If fuel filter becomes
clogged, obstructing fuel flow to carburetor, replacement is required.
1. With engine cool, remove filter and
plug fuel line sections.
2. Place new fuel filter in position in fuel line
with arrow pointing towards carburetor.
3. Be sure there are no fuel line leaks
and clamps are properly positioned.
4. Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.
CLEAN AIR SCREEN
Air screen must be kept free of dirt and
chaff to prevent engine damage from
overheating. Clean with a wire brush or
compressed air to remove dirt and stubborn dried gum fibers.
Clamp
Clamp
AIR FILTER
Fuel Filter
Your engine will not run properly using
a dirty air filter. Service air cleaner more
often under dusty conditions. See Engine
Manual.
00667
CLEANING
ENGINE OIL FILTER
Replace the engine oil filter every season
or every other oil change if the tractor is
used more than 100 hours in one year.
CLEAN AIR INTAKE/COOLING AREAS
To insure proper cooling, make sure the
grass screen, cooling fins, and other external surfaces of the engine are kept clean at
all times.
• Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc.
of all foreign matter.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free
of all gasoline, oil, etc.
• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
We do not recommend using a garden
hose or pressure washer to clean your
tractor unless the engine and transmission are covered to keep water out. Water
in engine or transmission will shorten the
useful life of your tractor. Use compressed
air or a leaf blower to remove grass,
leaves and trash from tractor and mower.
22
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SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING: TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY
SERVICE OR ADJUSTMENTS:
1. Depress brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
2. Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
3. Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.
4. Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
5. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with plug.
TO REMOVE MOWER
1. Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
2. If equipped, turn height adjustment
knob to lowest setting.
3. Lower mower to its lowest position.
4. Disengage belt tension rod from lock
bracket.
CAUTION: Rod is spring loaded. Have
a tight grip on rod and release slowly.
5. Remove retainer spring holding
anti-swaybar to chassis bracket and
disengage anti-sway bar from bracket.
6. Remove four retainer springs from front
plate assembly and remove plate.
7. Remove retainer springs from suspension arms at deck and disengage arms
from deck.
8. Raise attachment lift to its highest position.
9. Slide mower forward and remove belt
from electric clutch pulley.
10. Slide mower out from under right side
of tractor.
TO INSTALL MOWER
Be sure tractor is on level surface and
mower suspension arms are raised with
Belt Tension
Rod
(Disengaged
Position)
Lock Bracket
Front
Mower
Bracket
attachment lift control. Engage parking
brake.
1. Swing anti-sway bar to left side of
mower deck.
2. Slide mower under tractor with deflector shield to right side of tractor.
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing in all mower pulley grooves.
3. If equipped, turn height adjustment
knob counterclockwise until it stops.
4. Lower mower linkage with attachment
lift control.
5. Be sure belt tension rod is in disengaged position.
6. Install belt into electric clutch pulley
groove.
7. Place the suspension arms on outward
pointing deck pins. Retain with double
loop retainer spring with loops up as
shown.
8. Install front plate assembly to tractor
suspension brackets and retain with
single loop retainer springs as shown.
9. Position front plate assembly between
front mower brackets. Raise deck and
plate assembly to align holes and
insert flanged pins. Secure pins with
double loop retainer springs between
the plate assembly and mower brackets.
Electric Clutch
Pulley
Chassis
Bracket
Retainer
Spring
Single Loop
Retainer Springs
Anti-Sway
Bar
Flanged Pins
Front Mower
Bracket
USE PLIERS FOR
RETAINER SPRINGS
Loop Up
Double Loop
Retainer Springs
Front Plate
Assembly
Suspension Arms
Double Loop
Retainer Springs
(Outward pointing
deck pins)
23
Deflector Shield
02565
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NOTE: To assist in locating hole in flanged
pin, the hole in pin is inline with notch on
head of pin. If necessary, move mower
side-to-side to give space between plate
and mower brackets.
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing in all mower pulley grooves.
10. Engage belt tension rod by pushing rod
into locking bracket.
CAUTION: Belt tension rod is spring
loaded. Have a tight grip on rod and engage slowly.
11. Connect anti-sway bar to chassis
bracket under left footrest and retain
with double loop retainer spring.
12. If equipped, turn height adjustment
knob clockwise to remove slack from
mower suspension.
13. Raise deck to highest position.
TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING
Adjust the mower while tractor is parked
on level ground or driveway. Make sure
tires are properly inflated (See “PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual).
If tires are over or underinflated, you will
not properly adjust your mower.
SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT
• Raise mower to its highest position.
• Measure height from bottom edge of
mower to ground level at front corners
of mower. Distance “A” on both sides of
mower should be the same.
• If adjustment is necessary, make adjustment on one side of mower only.
• To raise one side of mower, tighten lift
link adjustment nut on that side.
• To lower one side of mower, loosen lift
link adjustment nut on that side.
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut
will change mower height about 3/16".
• Recheck measurements after adjusting.
Bottom Edge of
Mower to Ground
00598
adjustment is necessary, be sure to adjust
both front links equally so mower will stay
level side-to-side.
To obtain the best cutting results, the
mower blades should be adjusted so the
front tip is approximately 1/8" to 1/2" lower
than the rear tip when the mower is in its
highest position.
CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap blade
with heavy cloth.
Check adjustment on right side of tractor.
Position any blade so the tip is pointing
straight forward. Measure distance "B" at
front and rear tip of blade
• Before making any necessary adjustments, check that both front plate links
are equal in length.
• If links are not equal in length, adjust
one link to same length as other link.
• To lower front of blade, loosen nut “C”
on both front links an equal number of
turns.
NOTE: Each full turn of nut “C” will
change distance “B” by approximately
3/16".
• When distance “B” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower
at front than rear, tighten nut “D” against
trunnion on both front links.
• To raise front of blade, loosen nut
“D” from trunnion on both front links.
Tighten nut “C” on both front links an
equal number of turns. The two front
links must remain equal in length.
• When distance “B” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower
at front than rear, tighten nut “D” against
trunnion on both front links.
• Recheck side-to-side adjustment.
Blade
02548
Bottom Edge of
Mower to Ground
“B”
“B”
BOTH FRONT PLATE LINKS MUST BE
EQUAL IN LENGTH
A
A
GROUND LINE
02
51
6
Suspension
Arm
01553
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT
IMPORTANT: Deck must be level sideto-side. If the following front-to-back
Nut “C”
Nut “D”
Lift Link
Adjustment
Nut
Trunnion
Front Plate
Assembly
0251
7
24
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TO REPLACE MOWER DRIVE BELT
MOWER DRIVE BELT REMOVAL
1. Park tractor on a level surface. Engage
parking brake.
2. Lower mower to its lowest position.
3. Disengage belt tension rod from lock
bracket.
CAUTION: Rod is spring loaded.
Have a firm grip on rod and release slowly.
4. Remove screws from R.H. mandrel
cover and remove cover.
5. Remove any dirt or grass clippings
which may have accumulated around
mandrels and entire upper deck surface.
6. Disconnect R.H. suspension arm from
rear deck bracket by removing retainer
spring.
7. Carefully roll belt over the top of R.H.
mandrel pulley.
8. Remove belt from electric clutch pulley.
9. Remove belt from idler pulleys.
10. Check primary idler arm and two idlers
to see that they rotate freely.
11. Be sure spring is securely hooked to
primary idler arm and spring arm.
MOWER DRIVE BELT INSTALLATION
12. Install belt in both idlers.
13. Install new belt onto electric clutch pulley.
14. Carefully roll belt into upper groove of
R.H. mandrel pulley.
15. Carefully check belt routing making
sure belt is in the grooves correctly.
16. Reconnect R.H. suspension arm to
rear deck bracket with retainer spring.
17. Reassemble R.H. mandrel cover.
18. Engage belt tension rod by pushing rod
into locking bracket.
R.H.
Mandrel
Cover
Electric
Clutch
Pulley
Belt Tension
Rod
(Disengaged
Position)
Idler
Pulleys
R.H.
Mandrel
Spring
Arm
R.H.
Suspension
Arm
Primary
Idler Arm
13
REMOVE MOWER BLADE
(SECONDARY) DRIVE BELT
7. Carefully roll belt off L.H. mandrel pulley.
8. Remove belt from center mandrel
pulley, idler pulley, and R.H. mandrel
pulley.
9. Remove any dirt or grass which may
have accumulated around mandrels
and entire upper deck surface.
10. Check secondary idler arm and idler
pulley to see that they rotate freely.
11. Be sure spring is hooked in secondary
idler arm and secondary spring arm.
TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE (SECONDARY) DRIVE BELT
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage
parking brake.
1. Remove mower (See “TO REMOVE
MOWER” in this section of manual).
2. Remove screws from R.H. and L.H.
mandrel covers and remove covers.
REMOVE MOWER DRIVE BELT
(Refer to “TO REMOVE MOWER DRIVE
BELT” illustration in this section of
manual).
3. Carefully roll belt over the top of R.H.
mandrel pulley.
4. Remove belt from idler pulleys.
5. Check primary idler arm and two idlers
to see that they rotate freely.
6. Be sure spring is securely hooked to
primary idler arm and spring arm.
025
25
INSTALL NEW MOWER BLADE
(SECONDARY) DRIVE BELT
12. Install new belt in lower groove of R.H.
mandrel pulley, idler pulley, and center
mandrel pulley as shown.
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13. Carefully roll belt over L.H. mandrel
pulley. Make sure belt is in all grooves
properly.
Pull belt to front of mower to remove
slack.
15. Reinstall mandrel covers and securely
tighten all screws.
16. Carefully check belt routing making
sure belt is in all grooves correctly.
17. Reinstall mower to tractor (See “TO
INSTALL MOWER” in this section of
manual).
REINSTALL MOWER DRIVE BELT
(Refer to “TO REMOVE MOWER DRIVE
BELT” illustration in this section of
manual).
14. Install belt into upper groove of R.H.
mandrel pulley and around both idlers.
L.H.
Mandrel
Secondary
Idler Arm
Idler
Pulley
Spring
Secondary
Spring Arm
Center
Mandrel
Mower Blade
(Secondary)
Drive Belt
R.H.
Mandrel
TO ADJUST ATTACHMENT CLUTCH
The electric clutch should provide years
of service. The clutch has a built-in brake
that stops the pulley within 5 seconds.
Eventually, the internal brake will wear
which may cause the mower blades to not
engage, or, to not stop as required. Adjustments should be made by a qualified
service center.
1. Make sure attachment clutch and ignition switches are in “OFF” position.
2. Adjust the three nylon locknuts until
space between clutch plate and rotor
measures .012" at all three slot locations cut in the side of brake plate.
NOTE: After installing a new electric
clutch, run tractor at full throttle and
engage and disengage electric clutch 10
cycles to wear in clutch plate.
00751
Rotor
Clutch Plate
Slot (3)
.012"
Brake
Plate
Nylon Locknut (3)
TO CHECK AND ADJUST BRAKE
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet to
stop at highest speed in highest gear on a
level, dry concrete or paved surface, then
brake must be checked and adjusted.
025
15
TO CHECK BRAKE
1. Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or
paved surface, depress clutch/brake
pedal all the way down and engage
parking brake.
2. Disengage transmission by placing
freewheel control in “transmission disengaged” position. Pull freewheel control out and into the slot and release so
it is held in the disengaged position.
The rear wheels must lock and skid when
you try to manually push the tractor forward. If the rear wheels rotate, the brake
needs to be adjusted or the pads need to
be replaced.
TO ADJUST BRAKE
Contact a qualified service center.
TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage
parking brake. For ease of service there is
a belt installation guide decal on bottom of
left footrest.
1. Remove mower (See “TO REMOVE
MOWER” in this section of this manual.)
BELT REMOVAL 2. Create slack in belt by removing
retainer spring from drive belt tension
handle.
3. Remove belt from all idler pulleys,
transaxle pulley and then from engine
pulley.
26
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TO ADJUST STEERING WHEEL ALIGNMENT
If steering wheel crossbars are not
horizontal (left to right) when wheels are
positioned straight forward, remove steering wheel and reassemble with crossbars
horizontal. Tighten securely.
FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/CAMBER
The front wheel toe-in and camber are not
adjustable on your tractor. If damage has
occurred to affect the front wheel toe-in or
camber, contact a qualified service center.
BELT INSTALLATION 1. Install new belt around engine pulley
first, then around transaxle pulley and
lastly into all the idler pulleys.
2. Check to be sure belt is positioned correctly and is on proper side of all belt
keepers.
3. Engage the drive belt tension handle
and replace the retainer spring.
4. Reinstall mower.
TO REMOVE WHEEL FOR REPAIRS
FRONT WHEEL -
Retainer
Spring
Drive Belt
Tension
Handle
1. Block up axle securely.
2. Remove axle cover, retaining ring and
washers to allow wheel removal.
3. Repair tire and reassemble.
4. Replace washers and snap retaining
ring securely in axle groove.
5. Replace axle cover.
02504
Engine Pulley
Transaxle Pulley
Belt Keeper
REAR WHEEL 1. Block rear axle securely.
2. Remove five (5) hub bolts to allow
wheel removal.
3. Repair tire and reassemble. Replace
and tighten hub bolts securely.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
flat tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant
may be purchased from your local parts
dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry
rot and corrosion.
Flat Idler
Belt
Keeper
V-Idler
2498
Belt
Keeper
Clutching
Idler
Belt
Keeper
Clutching
Flat Idler
TRANSAXLE MOTION CONTROL LEVER NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT
The motion control lever has been preset
at the factory and adjustment should not
be necessary.
1. Park Tractor on level surface. Stop
tractor by turning ignition key to “OFF”
position and engage parking brake.
2. Loosen the adjustment bolt in front of
the right rear wheel.
3. Move motion control lever to the neutral position.
4. Tighten the adjustment bolt.
Washers
Retaining
Ring
Axle
Cover
q
63s
006
Adjustment Bolt
TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK BATTERY
WARNING: Lead-acid batteries generate explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame
and smoking materials away from batteries. Always wear eye protection when
around batteries.
If your battery is too weak to start the
engine, it should be recharged. (See "BATTERY" in the MAINTENANCE section of
this manual).
If “jumper cables” are used for emergency
starting, follow this procedure:
02508
TRANSMISSION REMOVAL/
REPLACEMENT
Should your transmission require removal
for service or replacement, it should be
purged after reinstallation and before operating the tractor. See “PURGE TRANSMISSION” in the Operation section of this
manual.
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TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES 1. Connect one end of the RED cable
to the POSITIVE (+) terminal of each
battery(A-B), taking care not to short
against tractor chassis.
2. Connect one end of the BLACK cable
to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal (C) of
fully charged battery.
3. Connect the other end of the BLACK
cable (D) to good chassis ground,
away from fuel tank and battery.
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE
ORDER 1. BLACK cable first from chassis and
then from the fully charged battery.
2. RED cable last from both batteries.
02614
Weak or Dead
Battery
Fully Charged
Battery
REPLACING BATTERY
WARNING: Do not short battery
terminals by allowing a wrench or any
other object to contact both terminals at
the same time. Before connecting battery,
remove metal bracelets, wristwatch bands,
rings, etc.
Positive terminal must be connected
first to prevent sparking from accidental
grounding.
1. Lift hood to raised position.
2. Remove terminal guard.
3. Disconnect BLACK battery cable
then RED battery cable and carefully
remove battery from tractor.
4. Install new battery with terminals in
same position as old battery.
5. Reinstall terminal guard.
6. First connect RED battery cable to
positive (+) battery terminal with hex
bolt and keps nut as shown. Tighten
securely.
7. Connect BLACK grounding cable to
negative (-) battery terminal with remaining hex bolt and keps nut. Tighten
securely
8. Close terminal access doors.
9. Close hood.
Terminal
Guard
Hex Bolt
Keps Nut
Terminal
Access
Door
IMPORTANT: Your tractor is equipped
with a 12 volt system. The other vehicle
must also be a 12 volt system. Do not use
your tractor battery to start other vehicles.
02
17
Positive
(Red) Cable
9
Negative (Black)
Cable
TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB
1. Raise hood.
2. Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the
backside of the grill.
3. Replace bulb in holder and push bulb
holder securely back into the hole in
the backside of the grill.
4. Close hood.
INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS
Loose or damaged wiring may cause
your tractor to run poorly, stop running, or
prevent it from starting.
• Check wiring. See electrical wiring
diagram in the Repair Parts section.
TO REPLACE FUSE
Replace with 30 amp automotive-type
plug-in fuse. The fuse holder is located
behind the dash.
TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL ASSEMBLY
1. Raise hood.
2. Unsnap headlight wire connector.
3. Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at
sides, tilt toward engine and lift off of
tractor.
4. When replacing hood, be sure to
reconnect the headlight wire connector.
Hood
Headlight Wire
Connector
02141
ENGINE
TO ADJUST THROTTLE CONTROL
CABLE
The throttle control has been preset at the
factory and adjustment should not be necessary. Check adjustment as described
below before loosening cable. If adjustment is necessary, see engine manual.
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR
Your carburetor is not adjustable. If your
engine does not operate properly due to
suspected carburetor problems, take your
tractor to an authorized service center/
department for repair and/or adjustment.
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STORAGE
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end of the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days or more.
WARNING: Never store the tractor
with gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach an open flame
or spark. Allow the engine to cool before
storing in any enclosure.
TRACTOR
Remove mower from tractor for winter
storage. When mower is to be stored for a
period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove
all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a
clean, dry area.
1. Clean entire tractor (See “CLEANING”
in the Maintenance section of this
manual).
2. Inspect and replace belts, if necessary
(See belt replacement instructions in
the Service and Adjustments section of
this manual).
3. Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance
section of this manual.
4. Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws
are securely fastened. Inspect moving
parts for damage, breakage and wear.
Replace if necessary.
5. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint
surfaces; sand lightly before painting.
BATTERY
• Fully charge the battery for storage.
• After a period of time in storage, battery
may require recharging.
• To help prevent corrosion and power
leakage during long periods of storage,
battery cables should be disconnected
and battery cleaned thoroughly (see “TO
CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS” in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
• After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place cables where they
cannot come in contact with battery
terminals.
• If battery is removed from tractor for
storage, do not store battery directly on
concrete or damp surfaces.
ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: It is important to prevent
gum deposits from forming in essential
fuel system parts such as carburetor, fuel
hose, or tank during storage.
Also, alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol
or using ethanol or methanol) can attract
moisture which leads to separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an
engine while in storage.
• Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and letting it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable
alternative in minimizing the formation of
fuel gum deposits during storage. Add
stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container. Always follow the mix ratio
found on stabilizer container. Run engine
at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer
to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas tank and
carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace
with clean engine oil. (See “ENGINE” in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
CYLINDER(S)
1. Remove spark plug(s).
2. Pour one ounce of oil through spark
plug hole(s) into cylinder(s).
3. Turn ignition key to start position for a
few seconds to distribute oil.
4. Replace with new spark plug(s).
OTHER
• Do not store gasoline from one season
to another.
• Replace your gasoline can if your can
starts to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your
gasoline will cause problems.
• If possible, store your tractor indoors
and cover it to give protection from dust
and dirt.
• Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot
breathe which allows condensation to
form and will cause your tractor to rust.
IMPORTANT: Never cover tractor while
engine and exhaust areas are still warm.
29
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TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Will not start
1. Out of fuel.
2. Engine not “CHOKED”
properly.
3. Engine flooded.
1. Fill fuel tank.
2. See “TO START ENGINE” in
Operation section.
3. Wait several minutes before
attempting to start.
4. Bad spark plug.
4. Replace spark plug.
5. Dirty air filter.
5. Clean/replace air filter.
6. Dirty fuel filter.
6. Replace fuel filter.
7. Water in fuel.
7. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh gasoline and replace fuel filter.
8. Loose or damaged wiring.
8. Check all wiring.
9. Carburetor out of adjustment. 9. See “To Adjust Carburetor” in
Service and Adjustments
section.
10. Engine valves out of
10. Contact our authorized
adjustment.
service center/department.
Hard to start
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Dirty air filter.
Bad spark plug.
Weak or dead battery.
Dirty fuel filter.
Stale or dirty fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine will not
turn over
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Brake pedal not depressed.
Attachment clutch is engaged.
Weak or dead battery.
Blown fuse.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty ignition switch.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Clean/replace air filter.
Replace spark plug.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank
with fresh, clean gasoline.
6. Loose or damaged wiring.
6. Check all wiring.
7. Carburetor out of adjustment. 7. See “To Adjust Carburetor” in
Service and Adjustments
section.
8. Engine valves out of
8. Contact our authorized
adjustment.
service center/department.
9. Faulty operator presence
switch(es).
Depress brake pedal.
Disengage attachment clutch.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuse.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace ignition switch.
Check/replace solenoid or
starter.
9. Contact our authorized
service center/department.
Engine clicks but
will not start
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Loss of power
1. Cutting too much grass/too
fast.
2. Throttle in “CHOKE” position.
3. Build-up of grass, leaves and
trash under mower.
4. Dirty air filter.
Weak or dead battery.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
Recharge or replace battery.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace solenoid or
starter.
1. Raise cutting height/reduce
speed.
2. Adjust throttle control.
3. Clean underside of mower
housing.
4. Clean/replace air filter.
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TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Loss of power
(continued)
5. Low oil level/dirty oil.
6. Faulty spark plug.
5. Check oil level/change oil.
6. Clean and regap or change
spark plug.
7. Dirty fuel filter.
7. Replace fuel filter.
8. Stale or dirty fuel.
8. Empty fuel tank and refill tank
with fresh, clean gasoline.
9. Water in fuel.
9. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter.
10. Spark plug wire loose.
10. Connect and tighten spark
plug wire.
11. Dirty engine air screen/fins. 11. Clean engine air screen/fins
12. Dirty/clogged muffler.
12. Clean/replace muffler.
13. Loose or damaged wiring.
13. Check all wiring.
14. Carburetor out of adjustment. 14. See “To Adjust Carburetor” in
Service and Adjustments
section.
15. Engine valves out of
15. Contact our authorized
adjustment.
service center/department.
Excessive
vibration
1. Worn, bent or loose blade.
2. Bent blade mandrel.
3. Loose/damaged part(s).
Engine continues 1. Faulty operator-safety
to run when operpresence control system.
ator leaves seat
with attachment
clutch engaged
1. Replace blade. Tighten
blade bolt.
2. Contact our authorized
service center/department.
3. Tighten loose part(s).
Replace damaged parts.
1. Check wiring, switches and
connections. If not corrected,
contact our authorized
service center/department.
Poor cut - uneven 1. Worn, bent or loose blade.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1. Replace blade. Tighten
blade bolt.
Mower deck not level.
2. Level mower deck.
Buildup of grass, leaves, and 3. Clean underside of mower
trash under mower.
housing.
Bent blade mandrel.
4. Contact our authorized
service center/department.
Clogged mower deck vent
5. Clean around mandrels to
from build-up of grass, leaves,
open vent holes.
and trash around mandrels.
Mower blades will 1. Obstruction in clutch
not rotate
mechanism.
2. Worn/damaged mower drive
belt.
3. Frozen idler pulley.
4. Frozen blade mandrel.
1. Remove obstruction.
2. Replace mower drive belt.
3. Replace idler pulley.
4. Contact our authorized
service center/department.
31
www.mymowerparts.com
For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Poor grass
discharge
1. Engine speed too slow.
Headlight(s) not
working
(if so equipped)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Battery will not
charge
1. Bad battery cell(s).
2. Poor cable connections.
3. Faulty regulator
(if so equipped).
4. Faulty alternator.
Loss of drive
1. Place throttle control in “FAST”
position.
2. Travel speed too fast.
2. Shift to slower speed.
3. Wet grass.
3. Allow grass to dry before
mowing.
4. Mower deck not level.
4. Level mower deck.
5. Low/uneven tire air pressure. 5. Check tires for proper air
pressure.
6. Worn, bent or loose blade.
6. Replace/sharpen blade.
Tighten blade bolt.
7. Buildup of grass, leaves and 7. Clean underside of mower
trash under mower.
housing.
8. Mower drive belt worn.
8. Replace mower drive belt.
9. Blades improperly installed. 9. Reinstall blades sharp edge
down.
10. Improper blades used.
10. Replace with blades listed
in this manual.
11. Clogged mower deck vent
11. Clean around mandrels to
holes from buildup of grass,
open vent holes.
leaves, and trash around
mandrels.
Switch is “OFF”.
Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out.
Faulty light switch.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Blown fuse.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn switch “ON”.
Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).
Check/replace light switch.
Check wiring and connections.
Replace fuse.
1. Replace battery.
2. Check/clean all connections.
3. Replace regulator.
4. Replace alternator.
1. Freewheel control in
1. Place freewheel control in
“disengaged” position.
“engaged” position.
2. Motion drive belt worn,
2. Replace motion drive belt.
damaged, or broken.
3. Air trapped in transmission
3. Purge transmission.
during shipment or servicing.
Engine “backfires” 1. Engine throttle control not
1. Move throttle control to
when turning
set at “SLOW” position for 30
“SLOW” position and allow
engine “OFF”
seconds before stopping
to idle for 30 seconds before
engine.
stopping engine.
32
www.mymowerparts.com
www.mymowerparts.com
1. Fold this page along dotted line indicated above.
2. Hold page before you so that its left edge is vertically parallel to a tree
trunk or other upright structure.
3. Sight across the fold in the direction of hill slope you want to measure.
4. Compare the angle of the fold with the slope of the hill.
WARNING: To avoid serious injury, operate your tractor up and
down the face of slopes, never across the face. Do not mow
slopes greater than 15 degrees. Make turns gradually to prevent
tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when
changing direction on slopes.
15 DEGREES MAX.
ONLY RIDE UP AND DOWN HILL,
NOT ACROSS HILL
FOL
D AL
ONG
THIS
DOT
IS A
TED
15 D
LINE
EGR
EE S
LOP
E
SUGGESTED GUIDE FOR SIGHTING SLOPES FOR SAFE OPERATION
For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
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