YTH2148 Owner's Manual For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983 www.mymowerparts.com

YTH2148 Owner's Manual For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983 www.mymowerparts.com
For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
02777
YTH2148
Owner's Manual
For Parts and Service, call 1-800-448-7543
www.mymowerparts.com
For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers
IMPORTANT: THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING HANDS AND FEET AND THROWING OBJECTS. FAILURE
TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
I. GENERAL OPERATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
DO NOT:
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments.
The mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over
the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could
cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot
on the ground.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the machine before starting.
Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the
instructions, to operate the machine.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc.,
which could be picked up and thrown by the blade.
Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while backing.
Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not
point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower without
either the entire grass catcher or the guard in place.
Slow down before turning.
Never leave a running machine unattended. Always
turn off blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove keys before dismounting.
Turn off blades when not mowing.
Stop engine before removing grass catcher or unclogging chute.
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
Do not operate the machine while under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.
Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above,
are involved in a large percentage of riding mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate their
ability to operate the riding mower safely enough to
protect themselves and others from serious injury.
Keep machine free of grass , leaves or other debris
build-up which can touch hot exhaust / engine parts
and burn. Do not allow the mower deck to plow leaves
or other debris which can cause build-up to occur.
Clean any oil or fuel spillage before operating or
storing the machine. Allow machine to cool before
storage.
III. CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the machine and the mowing activity. Never assume that
children will remain where you last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.
• Before and when backing, look behind and down for
small children.
• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously
injured or interfere with safe machine operation.
• Never allow children to operate the machine.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
IV. SERVICE
•
•
•
II. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tipover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death.
All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the
slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.
•
DO:
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will
not have to stop or shift while on the slope.
• Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel
weights or counterweights to improve stability.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments.
These can change the stability of the machine.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels.
They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
- Use only an approved container.
- Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
- Never refuel the machine indoors.
- Never store the machine or fuel container inside where
there is an open flame, such as a water heater.
Never run a machine inside a closed area.
Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment bolts,
tight and keep equipment in good condition.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris
build-up. Clean oil or fuel spillage. Allow machine to
cool before storing.
Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object.
Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running.
Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration, which could expose moving
parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check
components and replace with manufacturer's recommended parts, when necessary.
Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s) or
wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
2
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SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop
machine if anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers or children even with the blades
off.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always
look down and behind before and while backing.
Never carry children.They may fall off and be seriously injured
or interfere with safe machine operation.
Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful
care of another responsible adult.
Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.
Before and when backing, look behind and down for small
children.
Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not across.
Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn
the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have
to stop or shift while on the slope.
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction,
disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the
slope.
If machine stops while going uphill, disengage blades, shift
into reverse and back down slowly.
Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly
and gradually downhill, if possible.
WARNING: In order to prevent accidental starting when setting up, transporting, adjusting or making repairs,
always disconnect spark plug wire
and place wire where it cannot contact
spark plug.
WARNING: Do not coast down a hill
in neutral, you may lose control of the
tractor.
WARNING: Tow only the attachments
that are recommended by and comply
with specifications of the manufacturer
of your tractor. Use common sense
when towing. Operate only at the lowest possible speed when on a slope.
Too heavy of a load, while on a slope,
is dangerous. Tires can lose traction
with the ground and cause you to lose
control of your tractor.
WARNING
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
WARNING
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories
contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm. Wash hands
after handling.
3
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PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Gasoline Capacity
and type:
4 Gallons
Unleaded Regular
Oil Type (API-SF-SJ):
SAE 30 (above 32°F)
SAE 5W-30 (below 32°F)
Oil Capacity:
W/ Filter:
W/O Filter:
Spark Plug:
(Gap: .030")
Champion QC12YC
Ground Speed (MPH):
Forward:
Reverse:
0 – 5.5
0 – 2.4
Tire Pressure:
Front:
Rear:
14 PSI
10 PSI
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
•
•
•
4.0 Pints
3.75 Pints
Charging System:
16 AMPS @ 3600 RPM
Battery:
AMP/HR:
MIN. CCA:
Case Size:
Blade Bolt Torque:
45-55FT. LBS.
Read and observe the safety rules.
Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for
and using your tractor.
Follow the instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage” sections of this owner’s manual.
WARNING: This tractor is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any
unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-covered
land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with
a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if
any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained
in effective working order by the operator.
In the state of California the above is required by law
(Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code).
Other states may have similar laws. Federal laws apply on
federal lands.
A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your
nearest authorized service center/department (See REPAIR
PARTS section of this manual).
35
280
U1R
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of a new tractor.
It has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give
you the best possible dependability and performance.
Should you experience any problem you cannot easily remedy, please contact your nearest authorized servicecenter/
department We have competent, well-trained technicians
and the proper tools to service or repair this tractor.
Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will
enable you to assemble and maintain your tractor properly.
Always observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY RULES ......................................................... 2-3
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ....................................... 4
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES................................. 4
ASSEMBLY ................................................................. 6-9
OPERATION ........................................................... 10-15
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ...................................... 16
MAINTENANCE ..................................................... 16-19
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS ............................ 20-25
STORAGE .................................................................... 26
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................ 27-28
REPAIR PARTS - TRACTOR .................................. 30-45
4
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UNASSEMBLED PARTS
Mower
Steering Wheel
(2)Flanged
Pins
(1)Front Plate
Assembly
Steering
Wheel
Adapter
(2) Retainer Springs
(single loop)
Steering
Wheel Insert
(5) Retainer Springs
(double loop)
Gauge Wheels
(4) Shoulder Bolts
(4) Adjusting Bars
(4) Locknuts 3/8-16
(4) Wheels
(4) Washers
3/8 x 3/4 x 14 Ga.
(4) Retainer Springs
(double loop)
(4) Clevis Pins
Seat
Nose Roller
Rod
(2) Locknuts
5/16 x 18
(1) Washer 17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge
(2) Hex Bolts
5/16 x 18 x 1
(1) Knob
Nose Roller
Slope Sheet
Keys
(2) Keys
Retainer Spring
Nose
Roller
Brackets
(1) Oil Drain Tube
For Future Use
5
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ASSEMBLY
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes.
To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use
the correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness.
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY
STEERING
WHEEL INSERT
A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard
wrench sizes are listed.
(1) Tire pressure gauge
(2) 3/4" wrenches
(1) Utility knife
(2) 7/16" wrenches
(1) 3/4" socket w/drive ratchet
(1) Pliers
When right or left hand is mentioned in this manual, it means
when you are in the operating position (seated behind the
steering wheel).
1/2 HEX NUT
LARGE FLAT
WASHER
STEERING
WHEEL
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM
CARTON
ADAPTER
UNPACK CARTON
•
•
•
•
Remove all accessible loose parts and parts cartons
from carton .
Cut along dotted lines on all four panels of carton.
Remove end panels and lay side panels flat.
Remove mower and packing materials.
Check for any additional loose parts or cartons and
remove.
STEERING
SHAFT
1
277
BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR FROM
SKID
ATTACH STEERING WHEEL (See Fig. 1)
•
•
•
•
•
•
Remove locknut and large flat washer from steering
shaft.
Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing
straight forward.
Position steering wheel so cross bars are horizontal
(left to right) and slide onto steering wheel adapter.
Secure steering wheel to steering shaft with locknut
and large flat washer previously removed. Tighten
securely.
Snap steering wheel insert into center of steering
wheel.
Remove protective materials from tractor hood and
grill.
FIG. 1
HOW TO SET UP YOUR TRACTOR
CHECK BATTERY (See Fig. 2)
•
•
Lift hood to raised position.
If this battery is put into service after month and year
indicated on label (label located between terminals)
charge battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps.
(See "BATTERY" in Maintenance section of this manual
for charging instructions).
IMPORTANT: CHECK FOR AND REMOVE ANY STAPLES IN
SKID THAT MAY PUNCTURE TIRES WHERE TRACTOR IS TO
ROLL OFF SKID.
LABEL
02
17
3
FIG. 2
6
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ASSEMBLY
INSTALL SEAT (See Fig. 3)
TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Operation section for location and function of
controls)
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment knob.
• Remove adjustment knob and flat washer securing
seat to cardboard packing and set aside for assembly
of seat to tractor.
• Pivot seat upward and remove from the cardboard packing. Remove the cardboard packing and discard.
• Place seat on seat pan so head of shoulder bolt is
positioned over large slotted hole in pan.
• Push down on seat to engage shoulder bolt in slot and
pull seat towards rear of tractor.
• Pivot seat and pan forward and assemble adjustment
knob and flat washer loosely. Do not tighten.
• Lower seat into operating position and sit on seat.
• Slide seat until a comfortable position is reached
which allows you to press clutch/brake pedal all the
way down.
• Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.
• Raise seat and tighten adjustment knob securely.
SEAT
WARNING: Before starting, read, understand and follow
all instructions in the Operation section of this manual. Be
sure tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure the area in
front of tractor is clear of other people and objects.
• Be sure all the above assembly steps have been completed.
• Check engine oil level and fill fuel tank with gasoline.
• Place freewheel control in "transmission engaged"
position (see "TO TRANSPORT" in Operation section
of this manual).
• Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake
pedal and set the parking brake.
• Place motion control lever in neutral (N) position.
• Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever
to its highest position.
• Start the engine. After engine has started, move throttle
control to idle position.
• Release parking brake.
• Slowly move the motion control lever forward and slowly
drive tractor off skid.
• Apply brake to stop tractor, set parking brake and place
motion control lever in neutral position.
• Turn ignition key to "STOP" position.
Continue with the instructions that follow.
SHOULDER
BOLT
SEAT PAN
TO ATTACH NOSE ROLLER (See Fig. 4)
•
Assemble brackets "A" and "B" to the inside of mower
mounting brackets as shown. Tighten securely.
NOTE: Be sure bracket tabs are positioned in tab holes
in mower brackets.
• Position nose roller between brackets and install rod
and retainer spring.
66
24
LOCK
NUT
FLAT WASHER
ADJUSTMENT
KNOB
TAB
HOLE
FIG. 3
RETAINER
SPRING
NOTE: You may now roll or drive your tractor off the skid.
Follow the appropriate instruction below to remove the
tractor from the skid.
•
•
Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever
to its highest position.
Release parking brake by depressing clutch/brake
pedal.
Place freewheel control in "transmission disengaged
position" (See “TO TRANSPORT” in the Operation
section of this manual).
Roll tractor forward off skid.
"A" BRACKET
NOSE
ROLLER
FIG. 4
TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Operation section for location and function of
controls)
•
ROD
"B"
BRACKET
02464
•
HEX
BOLT
ASSEMBLE GAUGE WHEELS TO MOWER
DECK (See Fig. 5)
7
The gauge wheels are designed to keep the mower deck
in proper position when operating mower. Be sure they
are properly adjusted to ensure optimum mower performance.
• Slide gauge wheel bar down into bracket channel, Be
sure that gauge wheel bar aligning holes are on top.
Assemble gauge wheels as shown using shoulder bolts,
3/8 washers and 3/8-16 center locknuts and tighten
securely.
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ASSEMBLY
•
•
For ease of mower to tractor assembly, raise gauge
wheels to highest position and retain with clevis pins
and spring retainers.
Adjust gauge wheels before operating mower. See “TO
ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS” in the Operation section
of this manual.
•
If equipped, turn height adjustment knob counterclockwise until it stops.
• Lower mower linkage with attachment lift control.
• Install belt into electric clutch pulley groove.
• Place the suspension arms on outward pointing deck
pins. Retain with double loop retainer spring with loops
up as shown.
• Install front plate assembly to tractor suspension
brackets and retain with single loop retainer springs
as shown.
• Position front plate assembly between front mower
brackets. Raise deck and plate assembly to align holes
and insert flanged pins. Secure pins with double loop
retainer springs between the plate and mower brackets.
NOTE: To assist in locating hole in flanged pin, the hole in
pin is inline with notch on head of pin. If necessary, move
mower side-to-side to give space between plate and mower
brackets.
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing in all mower
pulley grooves.
• Connect anti-sway bar to chassis bracket under left
footrest and retain with double loop retainer spring.
• If equipped, turn height adjustment knob clockwise to
remove slack from mower suspension.
• Raise deck to highest position.
• Adjust gauge wheels before operating mower as shown
in the Operation section of this manual.
RETAINER SPRING
PIN
ADJUSTING
BAR
SHOULDER
BOLT
GAUGE
WHEEL
3/8-16 CENTER
LOCKNUT
3/8 WASHER
FIG. 5
INSTALL MOWER AND DRIVE BELT
(See Figs. 6 and 7)
Be sure tractor is on level surface and mower suspension
arms are raised with attachment lift control. Engage parking brake.
• Cut and remove ties securing anti-sway bar and belts.
Swing anti-sway bar to left side of mower deck.
• Slide mower under tractor with deflector shield to right
side of tractor.
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing in all mower
pulley grooves.
ELECTRIC
CLUTCH PULLEY
CHASSIS
BRACKET
FRONT
MOWER
BRACKET
FRONT SUSPENSION
BRACKETS
DOUBLE LOOP
RETAINER
SPRING
GAUGE
WHEEL
FLANGED PIN
DOUBLE LOOP
RETAINER SPRING
LOOP UP
SINGLE
LOOP
RETAINER
SPRINGS
DEFLECTOR
SHIELD
ANTI-SWAY
BAR
USE PLIERS FOR
RETAINER SPRINGS
FRONT
PLATE
ASSEMBLY
SUSPENSION
ARMS
DOUBLE LOOP RETAINER
SPRING (OUTWARD POINTING
DECK PINS)
025
09
FIG. 6
8
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ASSEMBLY
✓CHECKLIST
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
BEFORE YOU OPERATE AND ENJOY YOUR NEW TRACTOR, WE WISH TO ASSURE THAT YOU RECEIVE THE
BEST PERFORMANCE AND SATISFACTION FROM THIS
QUALITY PRODUCT.
PLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING CHECKLIST:
✓ All assembly instructions have been completed.
✓ No remaining loose parts in carton.
✓ Battery is properly prepared and charged. (Minimum
1 hour at 6 amps).
✓ Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.
✓ All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes,
the tires were overinflated at the factory).
✓ Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/
front-to-rear for best cutting results. (Tires must be
properly inflated for leveling).
✓ Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed
properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers.
✓ Check wiring. See that all connections are still secure
and wires are properly clamped.
✓ Before driving tractor, be sure freewheel control is in
drive position.
WHILE LEARNING HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR, PAY
EXTRA ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING IMPORTANT
ITEMS:
✓ Engine oil is at proper level.
✓ Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded
gasoline.
✓ Become familiar with all controls - their location and
function. Operate them before you start the engine.
✓ Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.
✓ It is important to purge the transmission before operating your tractor for the first time. Follow proper starting and transmission purging instructions (See “TO
START ENGINE” and “PURGE TRANSMISSION” in
the Operation section of this manual).
The tires on your tractor were overinflated at the factory
for shipping purposes. Correct tire pressure is important
for best cutting performance.
• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in “PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual.
CHECK MOWER LEVELNESS
For best cutting results, mower should be properly leveled.
See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual.
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION OF ALL
BELTS
See the figures that are shown for replacing motion, mower
drive, and mower blade drive belts in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual. Verify that the belts are
routed correctly.
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM
After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see that
the brake is properly adjusted. See “TO ADJUST BRAKE”
in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.
9
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OPERATION
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning.
REVERSE
NEUTRAL
HIGH
LOW
CHOKE
FAST
SLOW
IGNITION
P
ENGINE OFF
LIGHTS ON
OVER TEMP
LIGHT
FUEL
ENGINE ON
OIL PRESSURE
ENGINE START
BATTERY
PARKING BRAKE
REVERSE
FORWARD
PARKING BRAKE
LOCKED
MOWER HEIGHT
PARKING BRAKE
UNLOCKED
MOWER LIFT
15
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH ENGAGED
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH DISENGAGED
DANGER, KEEP HANDS
AND FEET AWAY
15
SLOPE HAZARDS
KEEP AREA CLEAR
(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
FREE WHEEL
(Automatic Models only)
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
might result in minor or moderate injury.
Failure to follow instructions
could result in serious injury or
death. The safety alert symbol
is used to identify safety information about hazards which can
result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
CAUTION when used without the alert symbol,
indicates a situation that could result in damage
to the tractor and/or engine.
HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which,
if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death, serious injury and/or
property damage.
10
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OPERATION
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TRACTOR
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of various controls and adjustments.
Save this manual for future reference.
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH SWITCH
HOURMETER
LIGHT
SWITCH
POSITION
AMMETER
THROTTLE
CONTROL
LIFT LEVER
PLUNGER
ELAPSED TIME
60
0
60
IGNITION
SWITCH
0 0 0 000 00 00
HOURS
1/10
AMPS
ATTACHMENT
LIFT LEVER
CHOKE
CONTROL
CLUTCH/BRAKE
PEDAL
FREEWHEEL
CONTROL
PARKING BRAKE
MOTION
CONTROL
LEVER
02772
FIG. 7
Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.
PARKING BRAKE - Locks clutch/brake pedal into the
brake position.
MOTION CONTROL LEVER - Selects the speed and
direction of tractor.
ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to raise, lower and
adjust the mower deck or other attachments mounted to
your tractor.
LIFT LEVER PLUNGER - Used to release attachment lift
lever when changing its position.
IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting and stopping the
engine.
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH SWITCH - Used to engage the
mower blades, or other attachments mounted to your
tractor.
LIGHT SWITCH POSITION - Turns the headlights on.
THROTTLE CONTROL - Used to control engine speed.
CHOKE CONTROL - Used when starting a cold engine.
FREE WHEEL CONTROL - Disengages transmission for
pushing or slowly towing the tractor with the engine off.
CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL - Used for declutching and
braking the tractor and starting the engine.
HOURMETER- Indicates hours of operation.
AMMETER - Indicates charging (+) or discharging (-) of
battery.
11
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OPERATION
The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can result
in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields while operating your tractor or
performing any adjustments or repairs. We recommend a wide vision safety mask over spectacles
or standard safety glasses.
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
NOTE: Under certain conditions when tractor is standing
idle with the engine running, hot engine exhaust gases
may cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate this
possibility, always stop engine when stopping tractor on
grass areas.
TO SET PARKING BRAKE (See Fig. 8)
Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing switch. When engine is running, any attempt by the
operator to leave the seat without first setting the parking
brake will shut off the engine.
• Depress clutch/brake pedal into full “BRAKE” position
and hold.
• Place parking brake lever in “ENGAGED” position and
release pressure from clutch/brake pedal. Pedal should
remain in “BRAKE” position. Make sure parking brake
will hold tractor secure.
THROTTLE
CONTROL
PUSH IN TO
“DISENGAGE”
CAUTION: Always stop tractor completely, as described above, before leaving the operator's position; to empty
grass catcher, etc.
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL (See Fig. 8)
Always operate engine at full throttle.
• Operating engine at less than full throttle reduces the
battery charging rate.
• Full throttle offers the best bagging and mower performance.
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH LEVER
PULL OUT TO
“ENGAGE”
TO USE CHOKE CONTROL (See Fig. 8)
CHOKE
Use choke control whenever you are starting a cold engine.
Do not use to start a warm engine.
• To engage choke control, pull knob out. Slowly push
knob in to disengage.
02774
IGNITION KEY
“BRAKE”
POSITION
CLUTCH/BRAKE
PEDAL “DRIVE”
POSITION
MOTION
CONTROL
LEVER
“DISENGAGED”
POSITION
TO MOVE FORWARD AND BACKWARD
(See Fig. 8)
PARKING
BRAKE
“ENGAGED”
POSITION
STOPPING (See Fig. 8)
The direction and speed of movement is controlled by the
motion control lever.
• Start tractor with motion control lever in neutral (N)
position.
• Release parking brake.
• Slowly move motion control lever to desired position.
MOWER BLADES • To stop mower blades,move attachment clutch switch
to “DISENGAGED” position.
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
(See Fig. 8)
FIG. 8
The position of the attachment lift lever determines the
cutting height.
• Grasp lift lever.
• Press plunger with thumb and move lever to desired
position.
The cutting height range is approximately 1-1/2 to 4".
The heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip
with the engine not running. These heights are approximate
and may vary depending upon soil conditions, height of
grass and types of grass being mowed.
• The average lawn should be cut to approximately 2-1/2
inches during the cool season and to over 3 inches
during hot months. For healthier and better looking
lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.
• For best cutting performance, grass over 6 inches
in height should be mowed twice. Make the first cut
relatively high; the second to desired height.
GROUND DRIVE • To stop ground drive, depress clutch/brake pedal into
full “BRAKE” position..
• Move motion control lever to neutral (N) position.
IMPORTANT:
THE MOTION CONTROL LEVER DOES NOT
RETURN TO NEUTRAL (N) POSITION WHEN THE CLUTCH/
BRAKE PEDAL IS DEPRESSED.
ENGINE • Move throttle control to slow position.
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control to slow position
and allowing engine to idle before stopping may cause
engine to “backfire”.
• Turn ignition key to “OFF” position and remove key.
Always remove key when leaving tractor to prevent
unauthorized use.
• Never use choke to stop engine.
IMPORTANT: LEAVING THE IGNITION SWITCH IN ANY
POSITION OTHER THAN "OFF" WILL CAUSE THE BATTERY
TO BE DISCHARGED, (DEAD).
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OPERATION
TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS (See Fig. 9)
ATTACHMENT
LIFT LEVER HIGH
POSITION
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH
SWITCH PULL OUT TO
"ENGAGE"
Gauge wheels are properly adjusted when they are slightly
off the ground when mower is at the desired cutting height
in operating position. Gauge wheels then keep the deck
in proper position to help prevent scalping in most terrain
conditions.
NOTE:Adjust gauge wheels with tractor on a flat level
surface.
• Adjust mower to desired cutting height (See “TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT” in the Operation
section of this manual).
• Remove retainer spring and clevis pin which secure
each gauge wheel bar.
• Lower gauge wheels to ground. Raise gauge wheels
slightly to align holes in bracket and gauge wheel bar
and insert clevis pin. Gauge wheels should be slightly
off the ground.
• Replace retainer spring into clevis pin.
• Be sure all gauge wheels are in the same setting.
LOW
POSITION
PUSH IN TO
"DISENGAGE"
02
77
5
DEFLECTOR
SHIELD
FIG. 10
IMPORTANT: BE SURE TO READJUST GAUGE WHEELS IFYOU
CHANGE THE CUTTING HEIGHT OF THE MOWER DECK.
TO OPERATE ON HILLS
WARNING: Do not drive up or down
hills with slopes greater than 15° and
do not drive across any slope.
RETAINER
SPRING
•
•
•
•
•
CLEVIS
PIN
Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down
hills.
Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.
If slowing is necessary, move throttle control lever to
slower position.
If stopping is absolutely necessary, push clutch/brake
pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking
brake.
Move motion control lever to neutral (N) position.
IMPORTANT:
THE MOTION CONTROL LEVER DOES NOT
RETURN TO NEUTRAL (N) POSITION WHEN THE CLUTCH/
BRAKE PEDAL IS DEPRESSED.
•
FIG. 9
•
•
TO OPERATE MOWER (See Fig. 10)
Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing
switch. Any attempt by the operator to leave the seat with
the engine running and the attachment clutch engaged
will shut off the engine. You must remain fully and centrally
positioned in the seat to prevent the engine from hesitating
or cutting off when operating your equipment on rough,
rolling terrain or hills.
• Select desired height of cut.
• Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch
control.
• TO STOP MOWER BLADES - disengage attachment
clutch control.
To restart movement, slowly release parking brake and
clutch/brake pedal.
Slowly move motion control lever to slowest setting.
Make all turns slowly.
TO TRANSPORT (See Figs. 7 and 11)
When pushing or towing your tractor, be sure to disengage
transmission by placing freewheel control in freewheeling
position. Free wheel control is located at the rear drawbar
of tractor.
• Raise attachment lift to highest position with attachment
lift control.
• Pull freewheel control out and down into the slot and
release so it is held in the disengaged position.
• Do not push or tow tractor at more than two (2)
MPH.
• To reengage transmission, reverse above procedure.
NOTE: To protect hood from damage when transporting
your tractor on a truck or a trailer, be sure hood is closed
and secured to tractor. Use an appropriate means of tying
hood to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).
CAUTION: Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher,
on mowers so equipped, or the deflector
shield in place.
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OPERATION
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture which leads to separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas
can damage the fuel system of an engine while
in storage. To avoid engine problems, the fuel
system should be emptied before storage of
30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start
the engine and let it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next
season. See Storage Instructions for additional
information. Never use engine or carburetor
cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
FIG. 11
TOWING CARTS AND OTHER AT TACH MENTS
Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and
comply with specifications of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use common sense when towing. Too heavy of a load,
while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose traction with
the ground and cause you to lose control of your tractor.
TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 8)
When starting the engine for the first time or if the engine
has run out of fuel, it will take extra cranking time to move
fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Be sure freewheel control is in the transmission engaged
position.
• Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake
pedal and set parking brake.
• Place motion control lever in neutral (N) position.
• Move attachment clutch to “DISENGAGED” position.
• Move throttle control to fast position
• Pull choke control out for a cold engine start attempt.
For a warm engine start attempt the choke control may
not be needed.
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and cold starting
procedures below.
• Insert key into ignition and turn key clockwise to
“START” position and release key as soon as engine
starts. Do not run starter continuously for more than
fifteen seconds per minute. If the engine does not start
after several attempts, push choke control in, wait a
few minutes and try again. If engine still does not start,
pull the choke control out and retry.
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
•
•
•
•
•
The engine in your tractor has been shipped, from the
factory, already filled with summer weight oil.
Check engine oil with tractor on level ground.
Remove oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe clean, reinsert the
dipstick and screw cap tight, wait for a few seconds,
remove and read oil level. If necessary, add oil until
“FULL” mark on dipstick is reached. Do not overfill.
For cold weather operation you should change oil for
easier starting (See “OIL VISCOSITY CHART” in the
Maintenance section of this manual).
To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section in
this manual.
ADD GASOLINE
•
Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do not overfill.
Use fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline with a
minimum of 87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will
increase carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce
valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel
in quantities that can be used within 30 days to assure
fuel freshness.
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and above)
• When engine starts, slowly push choke control in until
the engine begins to run smoothly. If the engine starts
to run roughly, pull the choke control out slightly for a
few seconds and then continue to push the control in
slowly.
• The attachments and ground drive can now be used. If
the engine does not accept the load, restart the engine
and allow it to warm up for one minute using the choke
as described above.
CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline
near an open flame.
COLD WEATHER STARTING (50° F and below)
• When engine starts, slowly push choke control in until
the engine begins to run smoothly. Continue to push
the choke control in small steps allowing the engine to
accept small changes in speed and load, until the choke
control is fully in. If the engine starts to run roughly, pull
the choke control out slightly for a few seconds and
then continue to push the control in slowly. This may
require an engine warm-up period from several seconds
to several minutes, depending on the temperature.
IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES
BELOW32°F(0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE
GAS O LINE TO HELP INSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER
STARTING.
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OPERATION
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION WARM UP
• Before driving the unit in cold weather, the transmission
should be warmed up as follows:
• Be sure the tractor is on level ground.
• Place the motion control lever in neutral.
Release the parking brake and let the clutch/
brake slowly return to operating position.
• Allow one minute for transmission to warm up. This
can be done during the engine warm up period.
• The attachments can be used during the engine warmup period after the transmission has been warmed
up and may require the choke control be pulled out
slightly.
NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000 feet) or in cold
temperatures (below 32 F) the carburetor fuel mixture may
need to be adjusted for best engine performance. See “TO
ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
•
•
Slowly move motion control lever forward, after the
tractor moves approximately five (5) feet, slowly move
motion control lever to reverse position. After the
tractor moves approximately five (5) feet return the
motion control lever to the neutral (N) position. Repeat
this procedure with the motion control lever three (3)
times.
Your transmission is now purged and now ready for
normal operation.
MOWING TIPS
•
•
•
PURGE TRANSMISSION
•
CAUTION: Never engage or disengage
freewheel lever while the engine is running.
To ensure proper operation and performance, it is recommended that the transmission be purged before operating
tractor for the first time. This procedure will remove any
trapped air inside the transmission which may have developed during shipping of your tractor.
IMPORTANT: SHOULDYOUR TRANSMISSION REQUIRE
REMOVAL FOR SERVICE OR REPLACEMENT, IT
SHOULD BE PURGED AFTER REINSTALLATION
BEFORE OPERATING THE TRACTOR.
• Place tractor safely on level surface with engine off and
parking brake set.
• Disengage transmission by placing freewheel control
in freewheeling position (See “TO TRANSPORT” in this
section of manual).
• Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine. After the engine is running, move throttle control to slow position.
With motion control lever in neutral (N) position, slowly
disengage clutch/brake pedal.
• Move motion control lever to full forward position and
hold for five (5) seconds. Move lever to full reverse
position and hold for five (5) seconds. Repeat this
procedure three (3) times.
NOTE: During this procedure there will be no movement
of drive wheels. The air is being removed from hydraulic
drive system.
• Move motion control lever to neutral (N) position. Shutoff engine and set parking brake.
• Engage transmission by placing freewheel control in
driving position (See “TO TRANSPORT” in this section
of manual).
• Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine. After the engine
is running, move throttle control to half (1/2) speed.
With motion control lever in neutral (N) position, slowly
disengage clutch/brake pedal.
Mower should be properly leveled for best mowing performance. See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this manual.
The left hand side of mower should be used for trimming.
Drive so that clippings are discharged onto the area
that has been cut. Have the cut area to the right of the
machine. This will result in a more even distribution of
clippings and more uniform cutting.
When mowing large areas, start by turning to the right so
that clippings will discharge away from shrubs, fences,
driveways, etc. After one or two rounds, mow in the
opposite direction making left hand turns until finished
(See Fig. 12).
00272
FIG. 12
•
•
•
•
If grass is extremely tall, it should be mowed twice to
reduce load and possible fire hazard from dried clippings. Make first cut relatively high; the second to the
desired height.
Do not mow grass when it is wet. Wet grass will plug
mower and leave undesirable clumps. Allow grass to
dry before mowing.
Always operate engine at full throttle when mowing to assure better mowing performance and proper
discharge of material. Regulate ground speed by selecting a low enough gear to give the mower cutting
performance as well as the quality of cut desired.
When operating attachments, select a ground speed
that will suit the terrain and give best performance of
the attachment being used.
15
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MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
FILL IN DATES
AS YOU COMPLETE
REGULAR SERVICE
S
E
GE
S
S
US
UR ON
RS
RA
UR OUR
O
U
O
O
O
H
H
AS ST
0H
EA
8H
SE RE
25
10
50
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
RE
R
R
R
R
R
O
FO
E
E
E
E
E
F
BE
SERVICE
EV
EV
EV
EV
EV
BE
CH
DATES
Check Brake Operation
Check Tire Pressure
T
R
A
C
T
0
R
Check Operator Presence and
Interlock Systems
Check for Loose Fasteners
5
Sharpen/Replace Mower Blades
3
Lubrication Chart
Check Battery Level
4
Clean Battery and Terminals
Check Transaxle Cooling
Check V-Belts
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil (with oil filter)
1,2
Clean Air Filter
2
Clean Air Screen
2
Inspect Muffler/Spark Arrester
Replace Oil Filter (If equipped)
1, 2
Clean Engine Cooling Fins
maint_sch-tractore.new1
E
N
G
I
N
E
1,2
Change Engine Oil (without oil filter)
2
Replace Spark Plug
Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge
2
Replace Fuel Filter
3 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soil.
4 - Not required if equipped with maintenance-free battery.
5 - Tighten front axle pivot bolt to 35 ft.-lbs. maximum.
Do not overtighten.
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or
in high ambient temperatures.
2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
LUBRICATION CHART
➀
➀
The warranty on this tractor does not cover items that have
been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive
full value from the warranty, operator must maintain tractor
as instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to
properly maintain your tractor.
At least once a season, check to see if you should make
any of the adjustments described in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual.
• At least once a year you should replace the spark
plug, clean or replace air filter, and check blades and
belts for wear. A new spark plug and clean air filter
assure proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine
run better and last longer.
SPINDLE ZERK
SPINDLE ZERK
FRONT ➀
WHEEL
BEARING
ZERK
FRONT
WHEEL
BEARING
ZERK
ENGINE
➀
➁
01964
BEFORE EACH USE
•
•
•
•
•
➀ General Purpose Grease
➁ Refer to Maintenance “ENGINE” Section
Check engine oil level.
Check brake operation.
Check tire pressure.
Check operator presence and
interlock systems for proper operation.
Check for loose fasteners.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT OIL OR GREASE THE PIVOT POINTS
WHICH HAVE SPECIAL NYLON BEARINGS. VISCOUS
LUBRICANTS WILL ATTRACT DUST AND DIRT THAT WILL
SHORTEN THE LIFE OF THE SELF-LUBRICATING BEARINGS.
IF YOU FEEL THEY MUST BE LUBRICATED, USE ONLY A DRY,
POWDERED GRAPHITE TYPE LUBRICANT SPARINGLY.
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MAINTENANCE
TRACTOR
BLADE
MANDREL
ASSEMBLY
CENTER
HOLE
Always observe safety rules when performing any maintenance.
BRAKE OPERATION
BLADE BOLT
(SPECIAL)
If tractor requires more than six (6) feet stopping distance
at high speed in highest gear, then brake must be adjusted.
(See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual).
STAR
FIG. 13
TIRES
•
Maintain proper air pressure in all tires (See “PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual).
• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect control chemicals which can harm rubber.
• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp objects and
other hazards that may cause tire damage.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent flat tires due to
slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your
local
parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and
corrosion.
TO SHARPEN BLADE (See Fig. 14)
NOTE: We do not recommend sharpening blade - but if
you do, be sure the blade is balanced.
Care should be taken to keep the blade balanced. An unbalanced blade will cause excessive vibration and eventual
damage to mower and engine.
• The blade can be sharpened with a file or on a grinding wheel. Do not attempt to sharpen while on the
mower.
• To check blade balance, you will need a 5/8" diameter
steel bolt, pin, or a cone balancer. (When using a
cone balancer, follow the instructions supplied with
balancer.)
NOTE: Do not use a nail for balancing blade. The lobes of
the center hole may appear to be centered, but are not.
• Slide blade on to an unthreaded portion of the steel bolt
or pin and hold the bolt or pin parallel with the ground.
If blade is balanced, it should remain in a horizontal
position. If either end of the blade moves downward,
sharpen the heavy end until the blade is balanced.
OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM
Be sure operator presence and interlock systems are working properly. If your tractor does not function as described,
repair the problem immediately.
• The engine should not start unless the clutch/brake
pedal is fully depressed and attachement clutch control
is in the disengaged position.
• When the engine is running, any attempt by the operator
to leave the seat without first setting the parking brake
should shut off the engine.
• When the engine is running and the attachment clutch
is engaged, any attempt by the operator to leave the
seat should shut off the engine.
• The attachment clutch should never operate unless
the operator is in the seat.
CENTER
HOLE
BLADE
5/8" BOLT OR PIN
BLADE CARE
For best results mower blades must be kept sharp. Replace
bent or damaged blades.
FIG. 14
BATTERY
BLADE REMOVAL (See Fig. 13)
Your tractor has a battery charging system which is sufficient
for normal use. However, periodic charging of the battery
with an automotive charger will extend its life.
• Keep battery and terminals clean.
• Keep battery bolts tight.
• Keep small vent holes open.
• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.
NOTE: The original equipment battery on your tractor is
maintenance free. Do not attempt to open or remove caps
or covers. Adding or checking level of electrolyte is not
necessary.
•
Raise mower to highest position to allow access to
blades.
NOTE: Protect your hands with gloves and/or wrap blade
with heavy cloth.
• Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
• Install new or resharpened blade with stamped "THIS
SIDE UP" facing deck and mandrel assembly.
IMPORTANT: TO ENSURE PROPER ASSEMBLY, CENTER
HOLE IN BLADE MUST ALIGN WITH STAR ON MANDREL
ASSEMBLY.
•
Install and tighten blade bolt securely (45-55 Ft. Lbs.
torque).
TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can cause
the battery to “leak” power.
• Remove terminal guard.
IMPORTANT: SPECIAL BLADE BOLT HEAT TREATED.
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MAINTENANCE
•
Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine
and after each eight (8) hours of operation. Tighten oil fill
cap/dipstick securely each time you check the oil level.
Disconnect BLACK battery cable first then RED battery cable and remove battery from tractor.
Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.
Clean terminals and battery cable ends with wire brush
until bright.
Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.
Reinstall battery (See “REPLACING BATTERY" in
the SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS section of this
manual).
•
•
•
•
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Figs. 15 and 16)
Determine temperature range expected before oil change.
All oil must meet API service classification SF-SJ.
• Be sure tractor is on level surface.
• Oil will drain more freely when warm.
• Catch oil in a suitable container.
• Remove oil fill cap/dipstick. Be careful not to allow dirt
to enter the engine when changing oil.
• Remove yellow cap from bottom fitting of drain valve
and install the drain tube onto the fitting.
V-BELTS
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after 100 hours
of operation and replace if necessary. The belts are not
adjustable. Replace belts if they begin to slip from wear.
TRANSAXLE COOLING
OIL DRAIN VALVE
The transmission fan and cooling fins should be kept clean
to assure proper cooling.
Do not attempt to clean fan or transmission while engine
is running or while the transmission is hot. To prevent possible damage to seals, do not use high pressure water or
steam to clean transaxle.
• Inspect cooling fan to be sure fan blades are intact and
clean.
• Inspect cooling fins for dirt, grass clippings and other
materials. To prevent damage to seals, do not use
compressed air or high pressure sprayer to clean cooling fins.
CLOSED AND
LOCKED
POSITION
YELLOW
CAP
02463
FIG. 16
TRANSAXLE PUMP FLUID
•
The transaxle was sealed at the factory and fluid maintenance is not required for the life of the transaxle. Should
the transaxle ever leak or require servicing, contact your
nearest authorized ser vice center/department.
•
•
ENGINE
•
LUBRICATION
•
Only use high quality detergent oil rated with API service
classification SF-SJ. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade
according to your expected operating temperature.
•
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
SAE 30
5W-30
-20
F
C
-30
0
-20
30
-10
32
40
0
60
10
100
80
20
30
DRAIN
TUBE
Unlock drain valve by pushing inward and turning
counterclockwise.
To open, pull out on the drain valve.
After oil has drained completely, close and lock the
drain valve by pushing inward and turning clockwise
until the pin is in the locked position as shown.
Remove the drain tube and replace the cap onto to the
bottom fitting of the drain valve.
Refill engine with oil through oil fill dipstick tube. Pour
slowly. Do not overfill. For approximate capacity see
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual.
Use gauge on oil fill cap/dipstick for checking level.
Insert dipstick into the tube and rest the oil fill cap on
the tube. Do not thread the cap onto the tube when
taking reading. Keep oil at “FULL” line on dipstick.
Tighten cap onto the tube securely when finished.
CLEAN AIR INTAKE/COOLING AREAS
40
To insure proper cooling, make sure the grass screen,
cooling fins, and other external surfaces of the engine are
kept clean at all times.
Every 100 hours of operation (more often under extremely
dusty, dirty conditions), remove the blower housing and
other cooling shrouds. Clean the cooling fins and external
surfaces as necessary. Make sure the cooling shrouds are
reinstalled.
NOTE: Operating the engine with a blocked grass screen,
dirty or plugged cooling fins, and/or cooling shrouds removed
will cause engine damage due to overheating.
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
oil_visc_chart1_e
FIG. 15
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W30, 10W30 etc.)
improve starting in cold weather, these multi-viscosity oils
will result in increased oil consumption when used above
32°F. Check your engine oil level more frequently to avoid
possible engine damage from running low on oil.
Change the oil after every 50 hours of operation or at least
once a year if the tractor is not used for 50 hours in one
year.
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MAINTENANCE
CLEAN AIR SCREEN
MUFFLER
Air screen must be kept free of dirt and chaff to prevent
engine damage from overheating. Clean with a wire brush
or compressed air to remove dirt and stubborn dried gum
fibers.
Inspect and replace corroded muffler and spark arrester
(if equipped) as it could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
CLEAN AIR INTAKE/COOLING AREAS
Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each mowing
season or after every 100 hours of operation, whichever
occurs first. Spark plug type and gap setting are shown in
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual.
SPARK PLUGS
To insure proper cooling, make sure the grass screen,
cooling fins, and other external surfaces of the engine are
kept clean at all times.
Every 100 hours of operation (more often under extremely
dusty, dirty conditions), remove the blower housing and
other cooling shrouds. Clean the cooling fins and external
surfaces as necessary. Make sure the cooling shrouds are
reinstalled.
NOTE: Operating the engine with a blocked grass screen,
dirty or plugged cooling fins, and/or cooling shrouds removed
will cause engine damage due to overheating.
ENGINE OIL FILTER
Replace the engine oil filter every season or every other
oil change if the tractor is used more than 100 hours in
one year.
IN-LINE FUEL FILTER (See Fig. 18)
The fuel filter should be replaced once each season. If fuel
filter becomes clogged, obstructing fuel flow to carburetor,
replacement is required.
• With engine cool, remove filter and plug fuel line sections.
• Place new fuel filter in position in fuel line with arrow
pointing towards carburetor.
• Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and clamps are
properly positioned.
• Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.
AIR FILTER (See Fig. 17)
Your engine will not run properly using a dirty air filter. Clean
the foam pre-cleaner after every 25 hours of operation or
every season. Service paper cartridge every 100 hours of
operation or every season, whichever occurs first.
Service air cleaner more often under dusty conditions.
• Remove cover.
TO SERVICE PRE-CLEANER
• Wash it in liquid detergent and water.
• Squeeze it dry in a clean cloth.
• Saturate it in engine oil. Wrap it in clean, absorbent
cloth and squeeze to remove excess oil.
• If very dirty or damaged, replace pre-cleaner.
TO SERVICE CARTRIDGE
• Clean cartridge by tapping gently on flat surface. If
very dirty or damaged, replace cartridge.
• Reinstall precleaner cartridge, cover and secure.
CLAMP
FUEL
FILTER
00667
FIG. 18
CLEANING
•
Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc. of all foreign
matter.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline,
oil, etc.
• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
We do not recommend using a garden hose or pressure
washer to clean your tractor unless the engine and transmission are covered to keep water out. Water in engine or
transmission will shorten the useful life of your tractor. Use
compressed air or a leaf blower to remove grass, leaves
and trash from tractor and mower.
IMPORTANT: PETROLEUM SOLVENTS, SUCH AS KEROSENE,
ARE NOT TO BE USED TO CLEAN THE CARTRIDGE. THEY
MAY CAUSE DETERIORATION OF THE CARTRIDGE. DO NOT
OIL CARTRIDGE. DO NOT USE PRESSURIZED AIR TO CLEAN
OR DRY CARTRIDGE.
CARTRIDGE
COVER
FOAM
PRE-CLEANER
6
73
02
CLAMP
FIG. 17
19
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SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING: TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE OR ADJUSTMENTS:
• Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
• Place motion control lever in neutral (N) position.
• Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
• Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.
• Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
• Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come in contact
with plug.
TRACTOR
TO INSTALL MOWER
TO REMOVE MOWER (See Fig. 19)
Be sure tractor is on level surface and mower suspension
arms are raised with attachment lift control. Engage parking brake.
• Swing anti-sway bar to left side of mower deck.
• Slide mower under tractor with deflector shield to right
side of tractor.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
If equipped, turn height adjustment knob to lowest
setting.
Lower mower to its lowest position.
Remove retainer spring holding anti-swaybar to chassis
bracket and disengage anti-swaybar from bracket.
Remove four retainer springs from front plate assembly
and remove plate.
Remove retainer springs from suspension arms at deck
and disengage arms from deck.
Raise attachment lift to its highest position.
Slide mower forward and remove belt from electric
clutch pulley.
Slide mower out from under right side of tractor.
SUSPENSION
ARMS
IMPORTANT: CHECK BELT FOR PROPER ROUTING IN ALL
MOWER PULLEY GROOVES.
•
•
•
•
•
If equipped, turn height adjustment knob counterclockwise until it stops.
Lower mower linkage with attachment lift control.
Install belt into electric clutch pulley groove.
Place the suspension arms on outward pointing deck
pins. Retain with double loop retainer spring with loops
up as shown.
Install front plate assembly to tractor suspension
brackets and retain with single loop retainer springs
as shown.
FRONT
MOWER
BRACKET
ELECTRIC
FRONT PLATE
CLUTCH
ASSEMBLY
PULLEY
CHASSIS
BRACK-
DOUBLE LOOP
RETAINER SPRING
SINGLE LOOP
REATINER
SPRING
RETAINER
SPRING
FLANGED PINS
ANTI-SWAY
BAR
USE PLIERS FOR
RETAINER SPRINGS
SUSPENSION ARMS
DOUBLE LOOP
RETAINER SPRINGS
(Outward pointing
deck pins)
02566
LOOP UP
FIG. 19
20
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SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
•
Position front plate assembly between front mower
brackets. Raise deck and plate assembly to align holes
and insert flanged pins. Secure pins with double loop
retainer springs between the plate and mower brackets.
NOTE: To assist in locating hole in flanged pin, the hole in
pin is inline with notch on head of pin. If necessary, move
mower side-to-side to give space between plate and mower
brackets.
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 22 and 23)
IMPORTANT: DECK MUST BE LEVEL SIDE-TO-SIDE. IF THE
FOLLOWING FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT IS NECESSARY,
BE SURE TO ADJUST BOTH FRONT LINKS EQUALLY SO
MOWER WILL STAY LEVEL SIDE-TO-SIDE.
To obtain the best cutting results, the mower blades should
be adjusted so the front tip is approximately 1/8" to 1/2"
lower than the rear tip when the mower is in its highest
position.
IMPORTANT: CHECK BELT FOR PROPER ROUTING IN ALL
MOWER PULLEY GROOVES.
•
•
•
CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap
blade with heavy cloth.
Connect anti-sway bar to chassis bracket under left
footrest and retain with double loop retainer spring.
If equipped, turn height adjustment knob clockwise to
remove slack from mower suspension.
Raise deck to highest position.
Check adjustment on right side of tractor. Position any blade
so the tip is pointing straight forward. Measure distance "B"
at front and rear tip of the blade.
• Before making any necessary adjustments, check that
both front plate links are equal in length.
• If links are not equal in length, adjust one link to same
length as other link.
• To lower front of blade, loosen nut “C” on both front
links an equal number of turns.
NOTE: Each full turn of nut “C” will change distance. “B”
by approximately 3/16".
• When distance “B” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than rear,
tighten nut “D” against trunnion on both front links.
• To raise front of blade, loosen nut “D” from trunnion on
both front links. Tighten nut “C” on both front links an
equal number of turns. The two front links must remain
equal in length.
• When distance “B” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than rear,
tighten nut “D” against trunnion on both front links.
• Recheck side-to-side adjustment.
TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING
Adjust the mower while tractor is parked on level ground
or driveway. Make sure tires are properly inflated (See
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual). If
tires are over or underinflated, you will not properly adjust
your mower.
SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 20 and 21)
• Raise mower to its highest position.
• Measure height from bottom edge of mower to ground
level at front corners of mower. Distance “A” on both
sides of mower should be the same.
• If adjustment is necessary, make adjustment on one
side of mower only.
• To raise one side of mower, tighten lift link adjustment
nut on that side.
• To lower one side of mower, loosen lift link adjustment
nut on that side.
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut will change mower
height about 3/16".
• Recheck measurements after adjusting.
BOTTOM EDGE
OF MOWER TO
GROUND
BLADE
BOTTOM EDGE
OF MOWER TO
GROUND
“B”
“B”
FIG. 22
A
GROUND LINE
BOTH FRONT PLATE LINKS MUST BE
EQUAL IN LENGTH
A
FIG. 20
SUSPENSION
ARM
LIFT LINK
ADJUSTMENT NUT
NUT “C”
NUT “D”
FIG. 21
TRUNNION
FRONT PLATE
ASSEMBLY
FIG. 23
21
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SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE (SECONDARY)
DRIVE BELT (See Fig. 25)
TO REPLACE MOWER DRIVE BELT
MOWER DRIVE BELT REMOVAL (See Fig. 24)
• Park tractor on a level surface. Engage parking
brake.
• Lower mower to its lowest position.
Remove screws from R.H. mandrel cover and remove
cover.
• Remove any dirt or grass clippings which may have
accumulated around mandrels and entire upper deck
surface.
• Disconnect R.H. suspension arm from rear deck bracket
by removing retainer spring.
• Roll belt over the top of R.H. mandrel pulley carefully.
• Remove belt from electric clutch pulley.
• Remove belt from idler pulleys.
• Check primary idler arm and two idlers to see that they
rotate freely.
• Be sure spring is securely hooked to primary idler arm
and spring arm.
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.
• Remove mower (See “TO REMOVE MOWER” in this
section of manual).
• Remove screws from R.H. and L.H. mandrel covers
and remove covers.
REMOVE MOWER DRIVE BELT
(Refer to “TO REMOVE MOWER DRIVE BELT” illustration
in this section of manual).
• Carefully roll belt over the top of R.H. mandrel pulley.
• Remove belt from idler pulleys.
• Check primary idler arm and two idlers to see that they
rotate freely.
• Be sure spring is securely hooked to primary idler arm
and spring arm.
REMOVE MOWER BLADE (SECONDARY) DRIVE BELT
• Carefully roll belt off L.H. mandrel pulley.
• Remove belt from center mandrel pulley, idler pulley,
and R.H. mandrel pulley.
• Remove any dirt or grass which may have accumulated
around mandrels and entire upper deck surface.
• Check secondary idler arm and idler pulley to see that
they rotate freely.
• Be sure spring is hooked in secondary idler arm and
secondary spring arm.
INSTALL NEW MOWER BLADE (SECONDARY) DRIVE
BELT
• Install new belt in lower groove of R.H. mandrel pulley,
idler pulley, and center mandrel pulley as shown.
• Carefully roll belt over L.H. mandrel pulley. Make sure
belt is in all grooves properly.
REINSTALL MOWER DRIVE BELT
(Refer to “TO REMOVE MOWER DRIVE BELT” illustration
in this section of manual).
• Install belt into upper groove of R.H. mandrel pulley
and around both idlers. Pull belt to front of mower to
remove slack.
• Reinstall mandrel covers and securely tighten all
screws.
• Carefully check belt routing making sure belt is in all
grooves correctly.
• Reinstall mower to tractor (See “TO INSTALL MOWER”
in this section of manual).
MOWER DRIVE BELT INSTALLATION (See Fig. 23)
• Install belt in both idlers.
• Install new belt onto electric clutch pulley.
• Roll belt into upper groove of R.H. mandrel pulley carefully.
• Carefully check belt routing making sure belt is in the
grooves correctly.
• Reconnect R.H. suspension arm to rear deck bracket
with retainer spring.
• Reassemble R.H. mandrel cover.
RH MANDREL
COVER
ELECTRIC
CLUTCH
PULLEY
IDLER
PULLEYS
SECONDARY
IDLER ARM
SPRING
SECONDARY
SPRING ARM
L.H. MANDREL
SPRING ARM
RH SUSPENSION
ARM
PRIMARY IDLER ARM
R.H. MANDREL
025
CENTER
MANDREL
14
FIG. 24
IDLER
PULLEY
R.H. MANDREL
FIG. 25
22
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SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO CHECK AND ADJUST BRAKE
(See Fig. 26)
TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT
(See Fig. 27)
Your tractor is equipped with an adjustable brake system
which is mounted on the right side of the transaxle.
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet to stop at highest
speed in highest gear on a level, dry concrete or paved
surface, then brake must be checked and adjusted.
TO CHECK BRAKE
• Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or paved surface,
depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and engage parking brake.
• Disengage transmission by placing freewhel control
in “transmission disengaged” position. Pull freewheel
control out and into the slot and release so it is held in
the disengaged position.
The rear wheels must lock and skid when you try to manually
push the tractor forward. If the rear wheels rotate, the brake
needs to be adjusted or the pads need to be replaced.
TO ADJUST BRAKE
• Depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and engage parking brake.
• Measure distance between brake operating arm and
nut “A” on brake rod.
• If distance is other than 1-9/16", loosen jam nut and
turn nut “A” until distance becomes 1-9/16". Retighten
jam nut against nut “A”.
• Engage transmission by placing freewheel control in
“transmission engaged” position.
• Road test tractor for proper stopping distance as stated
above. Readjust if necessary. If stopping distance is
still greater than five (5) feet in highest gear, further
maintenance is necessary. Replace brake pads or
contact a qualified service center.
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.
For assistance, there is a belt installation guide decal on
bottom side of left footrest.
BELT REMOVAL • Remove mower (See “TO REMOVE MOWER” in this
section of manual).
NOTE: Observe entire motion drive belt and position of all
belt guides and keepers.
• Disconnect clutch wire harness.
• Remove clutch locator.
• Remove belt from stationary idler and clutching idler.
• Remove belt downward from engine pulley and around
electric clutch.
• Pull belt slack toward rear of tractor. Carefully remove
belt upwards from transmission input pulley and over
cooling fan blades.
• Remove belt from center span keeper and pull belt
away from tractor.
BELT INSTALLATION • Carefully work new belt down around transmission
cooling fan and onto the input pulley.
• Slide belt into the center span keeper.
Pull belt toward front of tractor and roll belt around
electric clutch and onto engine pulley.
• Install belt through stationary idler and clutching
idler.
• Reinstall clutch locator and tighten nut securely.
• Reconnect clutch harness.
• Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and inside all
belt guides and keepers.
• Install mower (See “TO INSTALL MOWER” in this section of manual).
WITH PARKING BRAKE “ENGAGED”
1-9/16”
ELECTRIC
CLUTCH
NUT “A”
JAM NUT
CLUTCH
LOCATOR
CLUTCHING
IDLER
OPERATING
ARM
STATIONARY
IDLER
01513
DO NOT TOUCH THIS NUT. IF FURTHER BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
IS NECESSARY CONTACT YOUR NEAREST AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/DEPARTMENT
CENTER SPAN
KEEPER
FIG. 26
TRANSMISSION
INPUT PULLEY
CLUTCH
WIRE
HARNESS
FIG. 27
23
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SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TRANSAXLE MOTION CONTROL LEVER
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT (See Fig. 28)
TO REMOVE WHEEL FOR REPAIRS
(See Fig. 29)
The motion control lever has been preset at the factory and
adjustment should not be necessary.
• Loosen adjustment bolt in front of the right rear wheel,
and lightly tighten.
• Start engine and move motion control lever until tractor
does not move forward or backward.
• Hold motion control lever in that position and turn engine
off.
• While holding motion control lever in place, loosen the
adjustment bolt.
• Move motion control lever to the neutral (N) (lock gate)
position.
• Tighten adjustment bolt securely.
NOTE: If additional clearance is needed to get to
adjustment bolt, move mower deck height to the lowest
osition.
After above adjustment is made, if the tractor still creeps
forward or backward while motion control lever is in
neutral position, follow these steps:
• Loosen the adjustment bolt.
• Move the motion control lever 1/4 to 1/2 inch in the
direction it is trying to creep.
• Tighten adjustment bolt securely.
• Start engine and test.
• If tractor still creeps, repeat above steps until satisfied.
•
•
MOTION CONTROL
LEVER
Block up axle securely.
Remove axle cover, retaining ring and washers to allow
wheel removal (rear wheel contains a square key - Do
not lose).
• Repair tire and reassemble.
• On rear wheels only: align grooves in rear wheel hub
and axle. Insert square key.
• Replace washers and snap retaining ring securely in
axle groove.
• Replace axle cover.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent flat tires due
to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your
local parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot
and corrosion.
WASHERS
AXLE
COVER
SQUARE KEY
(REAR WHEEL ONLY)
00663
FIG. 29
NEUTRAL
LOCK GATE
TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK
BATTERY(See Fig. 30)
WARNING: Lead-acid batteries generate explosive gases. Keep sparks,
flame and smoking materials away from
batteries. Always wear eye protection
when around batteries.
ADJUSTMENT
BOLT
02239
RETAINING
RING
FIG. 28
If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should be
recharged. (See "BATTERY" in the MAINTENANCE section of this manual).
If “jumper cables” are used for emergency starting, follow
this procedure:
TRANSMISSION REMOVAL/REPLACEMENT
Should your transmission require removal for service or
replacement, it should be purged after reinstallation and
before operating the tractor. See “PURGE TRANSMISSION”
in the Operation section of this manual.
IMPORTANT: YOUR TRACTOR IS EQUIPPED WITH A 12 VOLT
SYSTEM. THE OTHER VEHICLE MUST ALSO BE A 12 VOLT
SYSTEM. DO NOT USE YOUR TRACTOR BATTERY TO START
OTHER VEHICLES.
TO ADJUST STEERING WHEEL
ALIGNMENT
TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES • Connect one end of the RED cable to the POSITIVE
(+) terminal of each battery(A-B), taking care not to
short against tractor chassis.
• Connect one end of the BLACK cable to the NEGATIVE
(-) terminal (C) of fully charged battery.
• Connect the other end of the BLACK cable (D) to good
chassis ground, away from fuel tank and battery.
If steering wheel crossbars are not horizontal (left to right)
when wheels are positioned straight forward, remove steering wheel and reassemble per instructions in the Assembly
section of this manual.
FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/CAMBER
The front wheel toe-in and camber are not adjustable on
your tractor. If damage has occurred to affect the front
wheel toe-in or camber, contact your nearest authorized
service center/department.
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE ORDER • BLACK cable first from chassis and then from the fully
charged battery.
• RED cable last from both batteries.
24
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SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB
•
•
•
•
Raise hood.
Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the backside of the
grill.
Replace bulb in holder and push bulb holder securely
back into the hole in the backside of the grill.
Close hood.
INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS
WEAK OR DEAD
BATTERY
Loose or damaged wiring may cause your tractor to run
poorly, stop running, or prevent it from starting.
• Check wiring. See electrical wiring diagram in the
Repair Parts section.
FULLY CHARGED
BATTERY
FIG. 30
TO REPLACE FUSE
REPLACING BATTERY (See Fig. 31)
Replace with 20 amp automotive-type plug-in fuse. The
fuse holder is located behind the dash.
WARNING: Do not short battery
terminals by allowing a wrench or any
other object to contact both terminals
at the same time. Before connecting battery, remove metal bracelets,
wristwatch bands, rings, etc.
Positive terminal must be connected
first to prevent sparking from accidental grounding.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL ASSEMBLY
(See Fig. 32)
•
•
•
•
Raise hood.
Unsnap headlight wire connector.
Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at sides, tilt toward
engine and lift off of tractor.
To replace, reverse above procedures.
Lift hood to raised position.
Remove terminal guard.
Disconnect BLACK battery cable then RED battery
cable and carefully remove battery from tractor.
Install new battery with terminals in same position as
old battery.
Reinstall terminal guard.
First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) battery
terminal with hex bolt and keps nut as shown. Tighten
securely.
Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative (-) battery
terminal with remaining hex bolt and keps nut. Tighten
securely
Close terminal access doors.
Close hood.
HOOD
HEADLIGHT
WIRE
CONNECTOR
02778
KEPS NUT
TERMINAL
ACCESS
DOOR
FIG. 32
HEX BOLT
POSITIVE
(RED)
CABLE
TERMINAL
GUARD
02
17
9
NEGATIVE
(BLACK)
CABLE
FIG. 31
25
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SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
ENGINE
STOP
TO ADJUST THROTTLE CONTROL CABLE
(See Fig. 33)
The throttle control has been preset at the factory and
adjustment should not be necessary. Check adjustment
as described below before loosening cable. If adjustment
is necessary, proceed as follows:
• With engine not running, move throttle control lever to
fast position.
• Check that swivel is against stop. If it is not, loosen
cable clamp screw and pull cable back until swivel is
against stop. Tighten cable clamp screw securely.
SWIVEL
TO ADJUST CHOKE CONTROL (See Fig. 34)
FIG. 33 - (ART # 2119)
The choke control has been preset at the factory and adjustment should not be necessary. Check adjustment as
described below before loosening cable. If adjustment is
necessary, proceed as follows:
• With engine not running, move choke control (located
on dash panel) to full choke position.
• Loosen knob and remove cover assembly from air
cleaner.
• Choke should be closed. If it is not, loosen casing clamp
screw and move choke cable until choke is completely
closed. Tighten casing clamp screw securely.
• Replace air cleaner cover assembly and tighten
knob.
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR
Your carburetor is not adjustable. If your engine does not
operate properly due to suspected carburetor problems,
take your tractor to an authorized service center for repair
and/or adjustment.
High speed stop is factory adjusted. Do not adjust - damage may result.
CLAMP SCREW
FIG. 34 - (ART # 2118)
IMPORTANT: NEVER TAMPER WITH THE ENGINE GOVERNOR,
WHICH IS FACTORY SET FOR PROPER ENGINE SPEED.
OVERSPEEDING THE ENGINE ABOVE THE FACTORY HIGH
SPEED SETTING CAN BE DANGEROUS. IF YOU THINK THE
ENGINE-GOVERNED HIGH SPEED NEEDS ADJUSTING,
CONTACT YOUR NEAREST AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/
DEPARTMENT, WHICH HAS PROPER EQUIPMENT AND
EXPERIENCE TO MAKE ANY NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS.
26
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CLAMP
SCREW
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STORAGE
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end
of the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days
or more.
•
Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and let it run
until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the
fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage.
Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container.
Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer container.
Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer to
allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty
the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
WARNING: Never store the tractor with
gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach an open flame
or spark. Allow the engine to cool before
storing in any enclosure.
TRACTOR
Remove mower from tractor for winter storage. When mower
is to be stored for a period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove
all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a clean, dry area.
• Clean entire tractor (See “CLEANING” in the Maintenance section of this manual).
• Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt replacement instructions in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual).
• Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this
manual.
• Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely
fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage
and wear. Replace if necessary.
• Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand
lightly before painting.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean engine oil. (See “ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of
this manual).
CYLINDER(S)
•
•
•
•
OTHER
BATTERY
•
•
•
•
•
Remove spark plug(s).
Pour one ounce of oil through spark plug hole(s) into
cylinder(s).
Turn ignition key to “START” position for a few seconds
to distribute oil.
Replace with new spark plug(s).
•
•
Fully charge the battery for storage.
After a period of time in storage, battery may require
recharging.
To help prevent corrosion and power leakage during
long periods of storage, battery cables should be disconnected and battery cleaned thoroughly (see “TO
CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS” in the Maintenance section of this manual).
After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place
cables where they cannot come in contact with battery
terminals.
If battery is removed from tractor for storage, do not
store battery directly on concrete or damp surfaces.
•
•
Do not store gasoline from one season to another.
Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust.
Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems.
If possible, store your tractor indoors and cover it to
give protection from dust and dirt.
Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that
does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic
cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and
will cause your tractor to rust.
IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TRACTOR WHILE ENGINE AND
EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM.
ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: IT IS IMPORTANT TO PREVENT GUM DEPOSITS
FROM FORMING IN ESSENTIAL FUEL SYSTEM PARTS SUCH
AS CARBURETOR, FUEL FILTER, FUEL HOSE, OR TANK
DURING STORAGE. ALSO, EXPERIENCE INDICATES THAT
ALCOHOL BLENDED FUELS (CALLED GASOHOL OR USING
ETHANOL OR METHANOL) CAN ATTRACT MOISTURE WHICH
LEADS TO SEPARATION AND FORMATION OF ACIDS DURING
STORAGE. ACIDIC GAS CAN DAMAGE THE FUEL SYSTEM
OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE.
27
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TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS
PROBLEM
Will not start
CAUSE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Out of fuel.
Engine not “CHOKED” properly.
Engine flooded.
Bad spark plug.
Dirty air filter.
Dirty fuel filter.
Water in fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
8.
9.
10.
Hard to start
CORRECTION
Engine valves out of adjustment.
10.
Fill fuel tank.
See “TO START ENGINE” in Operation section.
Wait several minutes before attempting to start.
Replace spark plug.
Clean/replace air filter.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter.
Check all wiring.
See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments
section.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Dirty air filter.
Bad spark plug.
Weak or dead battery.
Dirty fuel filter.
Stale or dirty fuel.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Engine valves out of adjustment.
8.
Clean/replace air filter.
Replace spark plug.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline.
Check all wiring.
See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments
section.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
Engine will not turn over
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Brake pedal not depressed.
Attachment clutch is engaged.
Weak or dead battery.
Blown fuse.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty ignition switch.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
Faulty operator presence switch(es).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Depress brake pedal.
Disengage attachment clutch.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuse.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace ignition switch.
Check/replace solenoid or starter.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
Engine clicks but will not
start
1.
2.
3.
4.
Weak or dead battery.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Recharge or replace battery.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace solenoid or starter.
Loss of power
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Cutting too much grass/too fast.
Throttle in “CHOKE” position.
Build-up of grass, leaves and trash under mower.
Dirty air filter.
Low oil level/dirty oil.
Faulty spark plug.
Dirty fuel filter.
Stale or dirty fuel.
Water in fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Raise cutting height/reduce speed.
Adjust throttle control.
Clean underside of mower housing.
Clean/replace air filter.
Check oil level/change oil.
Clean and regap or change spark plug.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank with fresh, clean gasoline.
Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh
gasoline and replace fuel filter.
Connect and tighten spark plug wire.
Clean engine air screen/fins.
Clean/replace muffler.
Check all wiring.
See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments
section.
Contact an authorized service center/department.
Excessive vibration
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Spark plug wire loose.
Dirty engine air screen/fins.
Dirty/clogged muffler.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Engine valves out of adjustment.
15.
1.
2.
3.
Worn, bent or loose blade.
Bent blade mandrel.
Loose/damaged part(s).
1.
2.
3.
Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.
Replace blade mandrel.
Tighten loose part(s). Replace damaged parts.
28
www.mymowerparts.com
For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS
PROBLEM
CAUSE
CORRECTION
Engine continues to run
when operator leaves seat
with attachment clutch
engaged
1.
Faulty operator-safety presence control system.
1.
Check wiring, switches and connections. If not
corrected, contact an authorized service center/
department.
Poor cut - uneven
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Worn, bent or loose blade.
Mower deck not level.
Buildup of grass, leaves, and trash under mower.
Bent blade mandrel.
Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of
grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.
Level mower deck.
Clean underside of mower housing.
Replace blade mandrel.
Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.
Mower blades will not
rotate
1.
2.
3.
4.
Obstruction in clutch mechanism.
Worn/damaged mower drive belt.
Frozen idler pulley.
Frozen blade mandrel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove obstruction.
Replace mower drive belt.
Replace idler pulley.
Replace blade mandrel.
Poor grass discharge
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Engine speed too slow.
Travel speed too fast.
Wet grass.
Mower deck not level.
Low/uneven tire air pressure.
Worn, bent or loose blade.
Buildup of grass, leaves and trash under mower.
Mower drive belt worn.
Blades improperly installed.
Improper blades used.
Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of
grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Place throttle control in “FAST” position.
Shift to slower speed.
Allow grass to dry before mowing.
Level mower deck.
Check tires for proper air pressure.
Replace/sharpen blade. Tighten blade bolt.
Clean underside of mower housing.
Replace mower drive belt.
Reinstall blades sharp edge down.
Replace with blades listed in this manual.
Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.
Headlight(s) not working
(if so equipped)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Switch is “OFF”.
Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out.
Faulty light switch.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Blown fuse.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn switch “ON”.
Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).
Check/replace light switch.
Check wiring and connections.
Replace fuse.
Battery will not charge
1.
2.
3.
4.
Bad battery cell(s).
Poor cable connections.
Faulty regulator (if so equipped).
Faulty alternator.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Replace battery.
Check/clean all connections.
Replace regulator.
Replace alternator.
Loss of drive
1.
2.
3.
Freewheel control in “disengaged” position.
Motion drive belt worn, damaged, or broken.
Air trapped in transmission during shipment
or servicing.
1.
2.
3.
Place freewheel control in “engaged” position.
Replace motion drive belt.
Purge transmission.
Engine “backfires” when
turning engine “OFF”
1.
Engine throttle control not set at “SLOW”
position for 30 seconds before stopping engine.
1.
Move throttle control to “SLOW” position and allow
to idle for 30 seconds before stopping engine.
29
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SUGGESTED GUIDE FOR SIGHTING SLOPES FOR SAFE OPERATION
46
www.mymowerparts.com
ONLY RIDE UP AND DOWN HILL,
NOT ACROSS HILL
15 DEGREES MAX.
WARNING: To avoid serious injury, operate your tractor up and
down the face of slopes, never across the face. Do not mow
slopes greater than 15 degrees. Make turns gradually to prevent
tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when
changing direction on slopes.
1. Fold this page along dotted line indicated above.
2. Hold page before you so that its left edge is vertically parallel to a tree
trunk or other upright structure.
3. Sight across the fold in the direction of hill slope you want to measure.
4. Compare the angle of the fold with the slope of the hill.
For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
FOL
D AL
ONG
THIS
DOT
IS A
TED
15 D
LINE
EGR
EE S
LOP
E
WARRANTY STATEMENT
01960_husqvarna
SECTION 4: EXCEPTIONS AND LIMITATIONS
Husqvarna Forest & Garden Company (“Husqvarna”) warrants Husqvarna product to the original purchaser
to be free from defects in material and workmanship from the date of purchase for the “Warranty Period” of the
product as set forth below:
Lifetime Warranty: All tiller tines against breakage, trimmer shafts, ignition coils and modules on hand held
product.
This warranty shall be inapplicable to defects resulting from the following:
(1)Accident, abuse, misuse, negligence and neglect, including stale fuel, dirt, abrasives, moisture, rust,
corrosion, or any adverse reaction due to incorrect storage or use habits;
(2)Failure to operate or maintain the unit in accordance with the Owner’s/Operator’s manual or instruction sheet furnished by Husqvarna;
(3)Alterations or modifications that change the intended use of the product or affects the product’s performance, operation, safety, or durability, or causes the product to fail to comply with any applicable
laws; or:
(4)Additional damage to parts or components due to continued use occurring after any of the above.
3 Year Warranty: Spindles (on Zero Turn Riders and Commercial Walk-Behinds)
2 Year COMMERCIAL-Warranty: Husqvarna Commercial Turf Equipment—zero turn riders, wide area walks,
and ground engaging commercial equipment.
Emission control system components necessary to comply with CARB-TIER-II and EPA regulations, except
for those components which are part of engine systems manufactured by third party engine manufacturers for
which the purchaser has received a separate warranty with product information supplied at time of purchase.
1 Year Warranty: Power cutters, stump grinder, pole pruners and pole saws for non-commercial, non-professional, non-institutional or non-income producing use. All trimmers, brushcutters, clearing saws, hovering
trimmers, stick edgers, backpack blowers, hand held blowers, hedge trimmers, power-assist collection systems
used for commercial, institutional, professional or income producing purposes or use.
47
www.mymowerparts.com
2 Year NON-COMMERCIAL Warranty: Automatic Mower, Riding lawn mowers, yard and garden tractors, walk
behind mowers, tillers, chain saws, trimmers, brushcutters, clearing saws, snow blowers, handheld blowers,
backpack blowers, hedge trimmers, electrical products and power-assist collection systems for noncommercial, nonprofessional, noninstitutional or nonincome producing use, except as herein stated.
Batteries have a one-year prorated limited warranty with 100% replacement during the first 6 months.
90 Day Warranty: Automatic Mower, Chain saws, power cutters, stump grinders, pole saws, pole pruners,
snow throwers, model series 580 & 600 walk-behind mowers and commercial turf equipment or any Husqvarna
product used for commercial, institutional, professional, or income producing purposes or use except as otherwise provided herein.
Husqvarna Safety Apparel carries a 90-day warranty from the date of the customer’s original purchase for
defects in material and workmanship. Normal wear, tear or abuse is not covered under warranty. Product must
be returned to Charlotte with a warranty claim form. All care and maintenance instructions must be followed
as stated by the manufacturer on the care label. The fit of the protective apparel/boot is not covered under
warranty.
30 Day Warranty: Replacement parts, accessories including bars and chains, tools and display items.
SECTION 2: HUSQVARNA’S OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE WARRANTY
Husqvarna will repair or replace defective components without charge for parts or labor if a component fails
because of a defect in material or workmanship during the warranty period.
SECTION 3: ITEMS NOT COVERED BY THIS WARRANTY
The following items are not covered by this warranty:
(1)Normal customer maintenance items which become worn through normal regular use, including, but
not limited to, belts, blades, blade adapters, bulbs, filters, guide bars, lubricants, rewind springs, saw
chain, spark plugs, starter ropes and tines;
(2)Natural discoloration of material due to ultraviolet light;
(3)Engine and drive systems not manufactured by Husqvarna; these items are covered by the respective
manufacturer’s warranty as provided in writing with the product information supplied at the time of purchase; all claims must be sent to the appropriate manufacturer;
(4)Lawn and garden attachments are covered by a third party which gives a warranty, all claims for warranty should be sent to the manufacturer; and
(5)Emission Control System components necessary to comply with CARB-TIER-II and EPA regulations
which are manufactured by third party engine manufacturer.
REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT AS PROVIDED UNDER THIS WARRANTY IS THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY OF
THE PURCHASER. HUSQVARNA SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES FOR BREACH OF ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY ON THESE PRODUCTS EXCEPT
TO THE EXTENT PROHIBITED BY APPLICABLE LAW. ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ON THESE PRODUCTS IS LIMITED IN DURATION TO
THE WARRANTY PERIOD AS DEFINED IN THE LIMITED WARRANTY STATEMENT. HUSQVARNA RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR IMPROVE THE DESIGN OF THE PRODUCT WITHOUT NOTICE,
AND DOES NOT ASSUME OBLIGATION TO UPDATE PREVIOUSLY
MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS.
Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how long
an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives
you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
SECTION 5: CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
The product must exhibit reasonable care, maintenance, operation, storage and general upkeep as written
in the maintenance section of the Owner’s/Operator’s manual. Should an operational problem or failure occur,
the product should not be used, but delivered as is to an authorized Husqvarna dealer for evaluation. Proof
of purchase, as explained in section 6, rests solely with the customer.
SECTION 6: PROCEDURE TO OBTAIN WARRANTY CONSIDERATION
It is the Owner’s and Dealer’s responsibility to make certain that the Warranty Registration Card is properly
filled out and mailed to Husqvarna Forest & Garden Company. This card should be mailed within ten (10) days
from the date of purchase in order to confirm the warranty and to facilitate post-sale service.
Proof of purchase must be presented to the authorized Husqvarna dealer in order to obtain warranty service. This proof must include date purchased, model number, serial number, and complete name and address
of the selling dealer.
To obtain the benefit of this warranty, the product believed to be defective must be delivered to an authorized Husqvarna dealer in a timely manner, no later than thirty (30) days from date of the operational
problem or failure. The product must be delivered at the owner’s expense. Pick-up and delivery charges are
not covered by this warranty. An authorized Husqvarna dealer can be normally located through the “Yellow
Pages” of the local telephone directory or by calling 1-800-HUSKY62 for a dealer in your area.
HUSQVARNA
7349 Statesville Road
Charlotte, NC 28269
531 83 81-23
2002
For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
SECTION 1: LIMITED WARRANTY
For Parts Call K&T 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
532 18 96-66 Rev. 1 12.04.03 RD
01960_husqvarna
www.mymowerparts.com
Printed in U.S.A.
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