Netier NetXpress XL2000 PC Desktop
Copyright©1999 Netier Technologies, Inc.
More than just thin.™
Thank you for purchasing the Netier NetXpress XL thin-client computer. Your satisfaction is important to us. If you
experience any problems, please call 1-888-603-1892 for friendly, helpful technical support. Or if you prefer, contact us
via Email at techsupp@netier.com.
Please read all instructions, and save these instructions for future reference. Always unplug your NetXpress XL
computer from the wall outlet before cleaning. Do not use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for
cleaning. Only use manufacturer-approved peripherals and attachments. Unapproved peripherals and attachments
may be hazardous to system operation.
Do not use your NetXpress XL thin-client computer near water.
Do not place this computer on an unstable cart, stand, or table. The computer may fall, causing serious personal injury
as well as damage to the appliance.
Slots and openings in the NetXpress XL case are provided for ventilation. To ensure reliable operation of the computer
and to protect it from overheating, do not block or cover these openings. Never place the NetXpress XL near or over a
radiator or other heat source. Also, do not place your NetXpress in a built-in installation, such as a bookcase or shelf,
unless proper ventilation is provided.
Operate your NetXpress XL only from the power source type indicated on the label. If you are not sure of the type of
power supplied in your home or office, please consult your value added reseller (VAR) or local power company.
The NetXpress XL is equipped with a three-wire grounding plug, which is a common plug type that incorporates a third
pin for grounding. This plug only fits into a grounding-type power outlet, which contains three receptacles. This design
provides added safety. If your outlet is not suited to accept the three-wire grounding plug, contact a certified electrictian
to replace the outlet that accepts three-wire grounding plugs.
Caution:
Do not undertake any actions that inhibit proper electrical grounding (e.g., removing the
grounding prong or using two-wire plug adapters).
Do not allow anything to rest on the power cord. Position your NetXpress XL such that the power cord is protected from
any traffic or from heavy obstacles.
Follow all warnings and instructions listed on the computer.
To protect your NetXpress XL from power surges, unplug it from the wall outlet when not in use for long periods. Do
not overload wall outlets and extension cords as this can result in fire or electric shock.
Never push objects of any kind into your NetXpress XL computer case slots. Foreign objects can damage the
computer and may result in fire or electric shock.
In the event any liquid is spilled on the unit, immediately unplug the external power supply at the wall outlet. If any
liquid has penetrated openings in the unit, contact your hardware service provider before you attempt to apply power to
the unit again.
Do not attempt to service your NetXpress XL yourself. Opening or removing covers may expose you to dangerous
voltage or other hazards. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Unplug this computer from the wall outlet
and refer servicing to qualified service personnel under the following conditions:
•
When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed.
•
If liquid has been spilled into the computer.
•
If the computer has been exposed to rain or water.
•
If the computer does not operate normally when the operating instructions are followed. Adjust only those
controls that are covered by the operating instructions. Improper adjustment of other controls may result in
damage and will often require extensive work by a qualified technician to repair the computer.
•
If the computer has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged.
•
When the computer exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating a need for service.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
When replacement parts are required, be sure the service technician uses replacement parts approved by the
manufacturer. Use of unauthorized replacement parts may result in fire, electric shock, or other hazards.
Upon completion of any service or repairs to your NetXpress XL, ask the service technician to perform routine safety
checks to ensure the computer is in safe operating condition.
The information in this manual is subject to change without notice.
The information contained in this manual was reviewed and validated. While every precaution was taken during the
preparation of this manual, Netier Technologies, Inc. makes no warranty of any kind with regard to this material,
including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
Netier Technologies, Inc. is not liable for errors contained herein or for incidental or consequential damages in
connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this material.
No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced, or translated to another language without prior written
consent of Netier Technologies, Inc.
First edition—July 1998
© Copyright 1998 by Netier Technologies, Inc.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B computing device, pursuant to Part
15 of FCC Rules. Only peripherals (computer input/output devices, monitors, printers, etc.) certified to comply with the
Class B limits may be attached to this computer. Operation with non-certified peripherals is likely to result in
interference to operation.
NOTICE: This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy, and if not installed and used in strict
accordance with this user guide, interference to operation may result. It has been type tested and found to comply with
the limits for a Class B computing device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules, which are designed to provide
reasonable protection against such interference in an office or residential installation. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment on and off, you are encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
Reorient the receiving antenna of any adjacent devices.
•
Relocate the NetXpress XL with respect to the device being effected.
•
Plug the computer into an alternate outlet so that the NetXpress XL and the receiver are on different branch
circuits.
If necessary, consult your reseller for additional suggestions.
You may find the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) helpful: How to
Identify and Resolve Radio-TV Interference Problems. This book is available from the U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
NetXpress and the Netier logo are registered trademarks of Netier Technologies, Inc.
All other registered and unregistered trademarks are trademarks of their respective holders.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
The following list of terms is intended to help you better understand your NetXpress XL Series thin client and its
capabilities.
CPU
Central Processing Unit; The CPU is the brain of the computer. Sometimes referred to
simply as the processor or central processor, the CPU is where most calculations take
place.
Ethernet
The most widely-installed local area network technology; Fast Ethernet or 10/100 baseT provides transmission speeds up to 100 Mbps.
LED
Light Emitting Diode; pronounced by naming the three letters in succession, not as an
acronym, is a semiconductor device that emits visible light when an electric current
passes through it. Your NetXpress XL unit incorporates four LED's in the front panel—
Power LED, Hard Drive Activity LED, LAN Connection Status LED and LAN Activity
LED. For further explanation of each LED, refer to “Case Design” on page 9.
Pixel
A word invented from the terms “picture” and “element”; the basic unit of programmable
color on a computer display or in a computer image.
PS/2
Keyboard port
6-pin (Mini-Din) port dedicated to connection of the computer's keyboard. Utilizing this
port allows your serial port(s) to be used by another device.
PS/2 Mouse
port
6-pin (Mini-Din) port dedicated to connection of the computer's mouse pointing device.
Utilizing this port allows your serial port(s) to be used by another device.
RS-232C
COM Port
RS-232C (the “C” stands for current version) is the interface your computer uses to talk
to and exchange data with your modem and other serial devices. Your NetXpress XL
RS-232C COM Port is 16550 UART compatable.
UART
A UART is the microchip with programming that controls a computer's interface to its
attached serial devices. Specifically, it provides the computer with the RS-232C Data
Terminal Equipment (DTE) interface so that it can "talk" to and exchange data with
modems and other serial devices.
USB
Universal Serial Bus; a "plug-and-play" (PnP) interface between a computer and add-on
devices (such as audio players, joysticks, keyboards, telephones, scanners, and
printers).
SVGA
Most PC displays sold today incorporate the super video graphics array (SVGA)
standard. This system can support a palette of up to 16,000,000 colors, although the
amount of video memory in a particular computer might limit the actual number of
displayed colors to something less than that.
Parallel Port
A connection port capable of transferring more than one bit simultaneously used for
connecting an external device such as a printer. Most computers come equipped with at
least one parallel port located on the back panel of the computer case.
EPP/ECC
EPP/ECP (Enhanced Parallel Port/Enhanced Capability Port) is a standard signaling
method for bi-directional parallel communication between a computer and peripheral
devices that offers the potential for much higher rates of data transfer than the original
parallel signaling methods. EPP is for non-printer peripherals. ECP is for printers and
scanners. EPP/ECP are part of IEEE Standard 1284, which also specifies support for
current signaling methods (including Centronics, the de facto standard for printer
communication) so that both old and new peripherals can be accommodated.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
The XL Series thin clients are manufactured using Integrated Scalable System Architecture™ (ISSA), which allows
upgrading of system components to meet almost any computing requirement.
Both the XL1000 and XL2000 thin clients include the following standard features:
•
Trident CBi7 North bridge controller with integrated AGP video
•
VIA VT82C686A South bridge controller with integrated SoundBlaster Pro Comp Audio
•
Supports Socket-7/Super Socket-7 Processors
•
60~100 MHz FSB With Synchronous and Pseudo-synchronous Mode.
•
Supports up to 600MHz, 64bit, Pentium-class CPU with MMX technology
•
512K Built-in L2 cache
•
(2) 168-pin DIMM sockets support up to 128MB of FP, EDO, & PC-100 SDRAM.
•
Integrated Super I/O, Includes FDC, LPT, COM 1, & USB 1& 2
•
Integrated AGP 64-bit 2D/3D Graphics Accelerator.
•
Integrated H/W Soundblaster Pro/Direct Sound AC ’97 2.0 compliant Audio.
•
100/10 Base-T Ethernet LAN w/WakeOnLan (WOL) & Pre boot eXecution Environment (PXE) functions.
•
On-board hardware monitoring ADM/ACPI.
•
M-Systems DiskOnChip flash storage device support.
•
Compact Flash storage device option.
•
Internal Hard Disk Drive option (up to 10GB).
•
Internal Floppy Disk Drive option.
•
PS/2 mouse port
•
PS/2 keyboard port
•
Serial port (COM1)
•
Parallel port (LPT1)
•
Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports (USB1 & USB2)
•
Mic, line-in, and line-out ports
•
SVGA port
•
External ATX power supply (50-Watt)
In addition to the features above, the XL2000 is also equipped with the following items:
•
1 x ISA/PCI riser card (supports qualified industry expansion cards including: modems, token ring, ISDN,
video conferencing, multiple serial port, wireless LAN, etc,.)
The following optional items are available for use in the XL2000:
•
24X CD-ROM drive with a slim form factor
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
The NetXpress XL Series thin client consists of the following components:
•
P5 Motherboard
•
PS/2 Keyboard
•
PS/2 Mouse
•
50-Watt ATX external power supply
•
Thin-client case with the following dimensions:
XL1000 case dimensions (W x H x D):
XL2000 case dimensions (W x H x D):
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
9.5 x 1.3 x 8.6 in.
24 x 3.5 x 22 cm
9.5 x 1.9 x 8.6 in.
24 x 5.0 x 22 cm
This section is written to protect both you and the system. Please read this section carefully to maximize system
service life.
The operating voltage for the switching power should cover the range of 90 VAC~265 VAC or the system may be
damaged.
100 VAC~240 VAC
90 VAC~264 VAC
50/60 Hz
Caution:
Use only the external switching power adapter unit that came with your NetXpress XL unit. Using
a different switching power adapter may cause system damage.
!
Place your NetXpress XL on a solid, level surface. Allow enough room for the rear panels to ensure easy access to I/O
ports.
Avoid installing the system in an extremely hot or cold environment. Consult the following information for suitable
operating and non-operating temperature ranges.
Operating temperature range:
Non-operating temperature range:
Lowest operating ambient temperature:
32 °F~104 °F (0 °C~40 °C)
-14 °F~140 °F (-10 °C~60 °C)
32 °F (0 °C)
With CPU heat sink and fan:
Operating temperature range:
Non-operating temperature range:
Lowest operating ambient temperature:
32 °F~85 °F (0 °C~29 °C)
-14 °F~140 °F (-10 °C~60 °C)
32 °F (0 °C)
Avoid moving the system rapidly from a hot place to a cold place or vice versa. Otherwise, damage can result from
condensation forming inside the system. Keep the system away from damp air, water, and dust.
Operating ambient humidity:
Non-operating relative humidity:
0%~80% (non-condensing)
0%~80% (non-condensing)
Do not locate the system in places with strong vibrations. Strong vibrations may cause serious damage to the internal
hard disk. To avoid interference with other electronic equipment, do not locate the system directly adjacent to a radio,
television, or other communication system.
Caution:
Avoid placing liquids near the system.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
It is recommended you do not place objects directly on top of the NetXpress XL thin client as this may overheat the unit
and may cause permanent damage, which may void your warranty. Please follow the recommended postioning
diagrams below.
Refer to the illustrations on the following pages for recommended positioning.
XL Series Vertical Mount Position
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
XL Series Horizontal Mount Position
Caution:
Do not place any objects on top of the unit, regardless of vertical or horizontal positioning. Do
not restrict air flow to vent holes in the case under any circumstances.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
"
The NetXpress XL case encloses the motherboard and other important system components. The heart of the system
is the XL motherboard, which contains the CPU, RAM, BIOS, and LAN adapter.
Caution:
The XL Series cases are fitted with ventilation holes to facilitate heat dissipation. Do not obstruct
the ventilation holes under any circumstances or the device could become inoperative.
Both the XL1000 and XL2000 can support optional floppy, hard disk drive and compact flash module. However, the
XL2000 provides additional support for a CD-ROM drive as well as an expansion slot for a PCI/ISA adapter. Please
consult your sales representatives for supported combinations of these options.
If the compact flash module is incorporated in the XL2000 the PCI/ISA riser card cannont be used.
XL1000 Case
XL2000 Case
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
Figure 2 illustrates the NetXpress XL1000 front panels.
1 2 3 4
5
6
7
8
XL1000 Without 3.5-in. Floppy Disk Drive
10
9
XL1000 With 3.5-in. Floppy Disk Drive
1
Power LED (blinking denotes suspend mode)
2
HDD/DiskOnChip Activity LED
3
LAN Connection LED
4
LAN Activity LED
5
Power On/Off
6
Microphone jack
7
Audio Line In
8
Speaker Out
9
Floppy Disk Drive (Optional)
10
Floppy diskette ejection button (if equipped)
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
Figure 3 illustrates The NetXpress XL1000 rear panel.
1
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
XL1000 Rear Panel
0
External ATX power supply input
1
PS/2 Keyboard Port
2
PS/2 Mouse Port
3
USB Ports
4
VGA Port
5
Parallel Port
6
Compact Flash Module (optional)
7
Serial Port
8
Ethernet RJ45 connector
Full use of all ports is dependent upon the operating system selected and the presence of proper
drivers.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
Figure 4 and Figure 5 illustrate the NetXpress XL2000 front panel.
6
7
8
9
1 2 3 4
10
11
5
!"#$ % &' 1
Power LED (blinking denotes suspend mode)
2
HDD/DiskOnChip Activity LED
3
LAN Connection LED
4
LAN Activity LED
5
Power On/Off
6
CD-ROM drive (optional)
7
Floppy disk drive (optional)
8
Floppy diskette eject button (if equipped)
9
Mic
10
Line In
11
Speaker Out
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
9
0
1
2
3
8
4
5
6
7
( )* $
0
External ATX power supply input
1
PS/2 Keyboard Port
2
PS/2 Mouse Port
3
USB Ports
4
VGA Port
5
Parallel Port
6
Serial Port
7
Ethernet RJ45 connector
8
Compact Flash Module (Optional)
9
System Ventilation (fan option available)
Caution:
When connecting or disconnecting components or equipment, ensure the computer and related
equipment are turned off and your computer is disconnected from the power source. Plugging or
unplugging any item when the computer is receiving power can cause power surges and damage
your computer.
Full use of all ports is dependent upon the operating system selected and the presence of the proper
drivers.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
The following section details technical data for the NetXpress XL1000 and XL2000 thin-client computers.
"
NetXpress XL Series thin-client access devices are powered by the P5 Motherboard. The table below lists P5
motherboard specifications:
ZIF Socket for Socket-7/Super-7 processors
Supports Pentium class processors up to 600MHz as available.
Trident CBi7 North bridge controller with integrated AGP video
VIA VT82C686A South bridge controller with integrated
SoundBlaster Pro Audio
2Mbit Award Flash BIOS, supports P&P APM1.2
BIOS quick booting
CMOS recall selection
Support for Wake On LAN
Support for Pre boot eXecution Environment (PXE) function
Optional customer splash screen from BIOS booting screen
! "
512KB PB-SRAM on-board, using 64KX64 chip
Two DIMM sockets, supporting 8MB to 128MB, each 16/32/64MB
EDO, FP, PC/100 SDRAM memory modules (currently available)
Advanced memory ECC/EC function
# Enhanced IDE interface x 1, supports 2-IDE devices, UltraDMA33
master mode PCI-EIDE
$ 60~100MHz operation with synchronous or pseudo-synchronous
mode
PCI-2.2 compliant
32-bit 3.3v with 5v tolerant inputs
Integrated AGP 64-bit single cycle 2D/3D graphics accelerator
Supports 2~8MB of Frame Buffer
Extended screen resolution up to 1600x1200
% Direct-X 6 and OpenGL ICD API
Integrated 24-bit 230MHz true color DAC
VMI to MPEG-1/MPEG-2 and video decoder
Real time DVD MPEG-2 and AC-3 playback
Integrated hardware SoundBlaster Pro/Direct Sound AC '97
compliant digital audio controller with PCI master interface
&$
Hardware assisted FM synthesis
Standard v1.0/v2.0 codec I/F for single or cascaded AC '97
codecs
Universal Serial Bus ports x 2
USB v1.1 and Intel Universal HCI v1.1 compatible
'(
$
1 x Mini-DIN connector for PS/2 keyboard
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
"
1 x Mini-DIN connector for PS/2 mouse
)(
$ *$+ "
CPU temperature monitoring
CPU core, system power voltage detection
Realtek RTL-8139B(F)
100Base-TX/10Base-T Ethernet with PCI master interface
&,
Support for Wake On LAN
Support for Pre-boot eXecution Environment (PXE) function
)(
$ M-Systems DOC2000 socket x 1 (32-pin DIP JEDEC standard)
Compact Flash daughter card w/ejector (option)
+ M-Systems DIM2000 socket x 1 (144-pin SoDIMM future option)
Switching voltage regulator on-board for full range processor
voltage requirements.
These specifications are subject to change without notice.
!"
Operating Temperature range:
32 °F~104 °F (0 °C~40 °C) [With heat sink and fan]
Non-operating temperature range:
-14 °F~140 °F (-10 °C~60 °C)
Board Physical
W x D x H (overall) = 230mm (9-1/8") x 207mm (8-1/8") x 1.3mm (0.051")
CPU
ZIF Socket-7/Super Socket-7 support
Main Memory
2 x 168-pin DIMM sockets
L2 Cache
512KB on-board
Flash File System
1 x 32-pin DIP JEDEC standard socket
144-pin SoDIMM (future option)
Compact Flash
1 x IDE compact flash ejector header (optional)- Selectable as master or
slave drive
Expansion Bus
1 x PCI/ISA Riser card support(XL 2000)
Primary IDE header
1 x 44-pin 1mm pitch header
Serial port
1 x 9-pin D-SUB RS232 FIFO (16550 compatible) Serial port connector
Parallel port
1 x 25-pin D-SUB Parallel port (SPP/EPP/ECP) connector
USB ports
2 x USB connectors/stacked
SVGA port
1 x 15-pin High Density D-SUB
Audio ports
1 Microphone Input
1 Stereo Audio Output
1 Stereo Audio Input
Keyboard port
1 PS/2 style keyboard port
Mouse port
1 PS/2 style mouse port
Power
1 (8-pin) DC power input supporting external ATX power supply
Power Switch
1 Momentary "Soft" power switch. Bezel mounted ON/OFF/SUSPEND
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
Certifications
Power Module - UL / C-UL / CE / TUV / CSA
Case - FCC / CE
XL1000
W x D x H (overall) = 240mm (9-1/2") x 220mm (8-9/16") x 35mm (1-3/16")
XL2000
W x D x H (overall) = 240mm (9-1/2") x 220mm (8-9/16") x 50mm (1-15/
16")
Power Supply
External 50w AC Auto switching - Supports ATX function power connection
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
+ $, -) * !)
#
SYSTEM MEMORY CONFIGURATION
The core chipset of the NetXpress XL Series accepts 16/32/64/128/256MB FP, EDO, PC-100, or PC-66 SDRAM
Modules as available.
Any memory modules used in the NetXpress SL Series need to conform to the proper
specifications. Please contact your reseller or Netier Technical support for more information.
CACHE RAM CONFIGURATION
Table 6 lists the L2 cache RAM configuration.
!" #$ %
512 KB
&" 64 K x 64 Pipeline
-
1
U12
VGA MEMORY CONFIGURATION
Video memory is reserved from the main system memory via BIOS control settings. Optional memory settings include
2/4/8MB.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
Use the following jumper setting configurations to configure specific CPU’s and enable, disable, or change system
functions.
Please refer to Figure 7 on page 17 for all jumper locations.
#$
"%&'(
Table 7 lists the CMOS data clean function jumper settings.
& $'( ) %!
*% (
" .!/
Clean
2-3
Normal (default)
1-2
#
"
$
Address selection reserve settings.
+ #,, (!
- (
&$$
0 .
!$ .
1$
0C800H - 0C9FFH
R06
R08
VGA
0CC00H - 0CDFFH
R06
R07
VGA
0D000H - 0D1FFH
R05
R08
OPT. ROM
0D400H - 0D5FFH
R05
R07
D.O.C.
0D800H - 0D9FFH
R04
R08
BOOT ROM
0DC00H - 0DDFFH
R04
R07
BOOT ROM
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
The following information describes the pin numbers and assignments for the XL 1.0 Motherboard connectors.
#%&
'()*+,
-$./
The following table lists the LAN connector pin numbers and assignments.
. #/ ! /% , #
2
&
1
Transmit output (+)
2
Transmit output (-)
3
Receive input (+)
4
NC
5
NC
6
Receive input (-)
7
NC
8
NC
%0'.+'
,
-$)
Table 10 lists the parallel port connector pin numbers and assignments. See Figure 8 on page 19 for more information.
/% , #
2
&
2
&
1
Strobe (-)
14
Auto feed (-)
2
Data bit 0
15
Error (-)
3
Data bit 1
16
INIT (-)
4
Data bit 2
17
SLCT IN (-)
5
Data bit 3
18
Signal Ground
6
Data bit 4
19
Signal Ground
7
Data bit 5
20
Signal Ground
8
Data bit 6
21
Signal Ground
9
Data bit 7
22
Signal Ground
10
ACK (-)
23
Signal Ground
11
Busy
24
Signal Ground
12
Paper empty
25
Signal Ground
13
SLCT
. /!"01 " ) *2
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
1,%0'.2'
,
-$)+
Table 11 lists the RS232 COM1pin numbers and assignments.
( '$0'$ /% , #
2
&
1
Data carrier detect
2
Receive data
3
Transmit data
4
Data Terminal ready
5
Signal Ground
6
Data set ready
7
Request to send
8
Clear to send
9
Ring indicator
34
,
%'
1-$)1
12 $, !
2
&
1
+5Vcc Standby
2
Ground
3
Ring-In (R1)
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
56#%0'.+'
,
-$)/
Table 13 lists VGA monitor pin numbers and assignments.
3# $
/% , #
2
&
1
Red signal
2
Green signal
3
Blue signal
4
NC
5
Ground
6
Red ground
7
Green ground
8
Blue ground
9
VCCF
10
Ground
11
NC
12
MID1
13
H sync.
14
V sync.
15
MID3
%07'-$)+
Table 14 lists PS2 mouse pin numbers and assignments.
( $% /% , #
2
&3
1
Mouse data
2
NC
3
Ground
4
+5 V
5
Mouse clock
6
NC
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
KEYBOARD (PC AT STANDARD OR PS2 TYPE): J28
Table 15 and Table 16 list pin numbers and assignments for PS2 keyboards.
( 4 54, /% , #
2
&
1
Keyboard data
2
Mouse Data
3
Ground
4
+5 V
5
Keyboard clock
6
Mouse Clock
Table 16 lists +12 V DC fan power pin numbers and assignments
850,9
$,:,*
6 ) 7 % , 2
&
1
Ground
2
+12 V
%'
1-$,1
Table 17 list the fan connector pin header assignments.
& !! ", 2
&
1
Ground
2
CPUFN
3
CPUFAN1
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
;0!<04,
%'
**'-$)
Table 18 lists IDE hard disk connector pin numbers and assignments.
+ )8 9, )
2 ! /% , #
2
&
2
&
2
&
1
Reset
16
Data bit 14
31
IRQ 14
2
Ground
17
Data bit 0
32
NC
3
Data bit 7
18
Data bit 15
33
Disk address 1
4
Data bit 8
19
Ground
34
NC
5
Data bit 6
20
NC
35
Disk address 0
6
Data bit 9
21
IDE DRQ
36
Disk address 2
7
Data bit 5
22
Ground
37
Disk chip select 0
8
Data bit 10
23
Disk Write
38
Disk chip select 1
9
Data bit 4
24
Ground
39
Disk LED
10
Data bit 11
25
Disk read
40
Ground
11
Data bit 3
26
Ground
41
+5 V
12
Data bit 12
27
Disk ready
42
+5 V
13
Data bit 2
28
NC
43
Ground
14
Data bit 13
29
IDE DACK
44
NC
15
Data bit 1
30
Ground
3 " 4!5 6 !7 *
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
7',,
#
$)=
. :
! /% , #
2
&
2
&
2
&
1
Vcc
10
Motor on 0
19
Ground
2
Index
11
NC
20
Track 00
3
Vcc
12
Data direction
21
Ground
4
Driver select 2
13
Density select
22
Write protected
5
Vcc
14
Step motor active
23
Ground
6
Disk change
15
NC
24
Read data
7
NC
16
Write data
25
Ground
8
NC
17
Ground
26
Head select
9
NC
18
Write gate
9
;('/7#!>
#(9
#
%'
/'-$,+
Table 20 lists the FT-8006A external power adapter pin numbers and assignments.
:+ # 8; 7 #, 7 % /% , #
2
&
1
+5V IN
2
+5V IN
3
+12V IN
4
Ground
5
-12V IN
6
Power On signal
7
+5V Standby
8
Ground
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
,0';,
%'
*'-$)=
): ! /% , #
2
&
CD-IN CONNECTOR (PIN-HEADER 4-PIN): J8 (OPTIONAL)
Header is not populated by default.
): ! /% , #
2
&
#
',
$)
Table 23 list line-in connector pin numbers/assignments.
: ! /% , #
2
&
1
Right channel
2
Ground
3
Left channel
;,
$)*
Table 24 lists the microphone input connector pin numbers and assignments.
$
!" % ! /% , #
2
&
1
Microphone signal
2
Ground
3
NC
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
#
',
$)=
Table 25 lists the line-out connector pin numbers and assignments.
:'% ! /% , #
2
&
1
Right channel
2
Ground
3
Left channel
;&5
$)
Table 26 lists the I/O voltage selection CPU’s.
< 0' - !
&
3.5V
1-2
3.3V
Open (default)
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
)(("$"##*"$)+*$+
& )
2'"
)$$ /% )!
,(
,(
,(
1
GND
49
D13
97
D22
2
GND
50
No Connect
98
No Connect
3
D0
51
D14
99
D23
4
No Connect
52
No Connect
100
No Connect
5
D1
53
D15
101
VCC
6
No Connect
54
No Connect
102
VCC
7
D2
55
GND
103
A6
8
No Connect
56
GND
104
A7
9
D3
57
No Connect
105
A8
10
No Connect
58
No Connect
106
A11
11
VCC
59
No Connect
107
GND
12
VCC
60
No Connect
108
GND
13
D4
61
No Connect
109
A9
14
No Connect
62
No Connect
110
A12
15
D5
63
VCC
111
A10
16
No Connect
64
VCC
112
No Connect
17
D6
65
RESET#
113
VCC
18
No Connect
66
No Connect
114
VCC
19
D7
67
WE#
115
No Connect
20
No Connect
68
No Connect
116
No Connect
21
GND
69
No Connect
117
No Connect
22
GND
70
No Connect
118
No Connect
23
CE#
71
No Connect
119
GND
24
No Connect
72
No Connect
120
GND
25
No Connect
73
OE#
121
D24
26
No Connect
74
No Connect
122
No Connect
27
VCC
75
GND
123
D25
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
& )
2'"
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28
VCC
76
GND
124
No Connect
29
A0
77
No Connect
125
D26
30
A3
78
No Connect
126
No Connect
31
A1
79
No Connect
127
D27
32
A4
80
No Connect
128
No Connect
33
A2
81
VCC
129
VCC
34
A5
82
VCC
130
VCC
35
GND
83
D16
131
D28
36
GND
84
No Connect
132
No Connect
37
D8
85
D17
133
D29
38
No Connect
86
No Connect
134
No Connect
39
D9
87
D18
135
D30
40
No Connect
88
No Connect
136
No Connect
41
D10
89
D19
137
D31
42
No Connect
90
No Connect
138
No Connect
43
D11
91
GND
139
GND
44
No Connect
92
GND
140
GND
45
VCC
93
D20
141
No Connect
46
VCC
94
No Connect
142
No Connect
47
D12
95
D21
143
VCC
48
No Connect
96
No Connect
144
VCC
Table 28 list the pin name and description for the DiskOnChip connector.
+ )' , ,!
,
,(
A0 - A12
Address bus
4-12,23,25-27
Input
D0 - D7
Data bus
13-15,17-21
I/O
CE/
Chip Enable
22
Input
OE/
Output Enable
24
Input
WE/
Write Enable
31
Input
NC
Not Connected
1,2,3,28,29,30
VCC
Power
32
GND
Ground
16
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
.,
%04-$.
Table 29 list the USB connector pin number and assignment.
. <(= !! % , >
2
&
1
+5V
2
USB Port 0 Data -
3
USB Port 0 Data +
4
Ground
5
+5V
6
USB Port 1 Data -
7
USB Port 1 Data +
8
Ground
(
<
$*1
Table 30 list pin number and assignment for the test pin header.
", % Pin #
Assignment
1
+5V
2
Ground
3
+3.3V Standby
4
+3V
5
+2.5V
6
+2V
Figure
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
,
Identify Motherboard
version by these
markings located on the
under-side face of
board.
The following charts reflect jumper locations, settings, and their respective functions for the above referenced
motherboard design. The last section reflects a sample listing of Socket-7 CPU's available and all related jumper
settings necessary for those specific CPU's.
•
Jumper locations and settings shown here are for reference ONLY.
•
Jumper selections shown in this layout are ONLY for "Passive Heat Sink" installation using an AMD K62E (AFZ) low voltage CPU set to 250MHz & 1.8V.
•
Set jumper selections for all other CPU's according to charts.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
,.,
5
< (!
.6
4!5
0)!
6)/
7)8
9):
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1.5
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
1.6
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
1.7
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
1.8
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
1.9
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
2.0
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
2.1
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
2.2
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
2.3
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
2.4
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
2.5
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
2.6
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
2.7
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
2.8
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
2.9
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
3.0
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
3.1
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
3.2
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
3.3
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
3.4
OFF
ON
ON
ON
OFF
3.5
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
,.&<$)1
<09 .06
%* &
0)!
6)/
7)8
1.5
OFF
OFF
OFF
2.0
ON
OFF
OFF
2.5
ON
ON
OFF
3.0
OFF
ON
OFF
3.5
OFF
OFF
OFF
4.0
ON
OFF
ON
4.5
ON
ON
ON
5.0
OFF
ON
ON
5.5
OFF
OFF
ON
6.0
ON
OFF
OFF
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(
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6)/
7)8
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OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
60
2
30
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
66.8
2
33.4
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
70
2
35
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
75
3
25
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
75
2
37.5
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
80
3
26.67
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
80
2
40
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
83.3
3
27.76
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
83.3
2
41.55
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
95.25
3
31.75
ON
ON
ON
OFF
100
3
33.33
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
9$)%.
?
@?9A-
(7
!" (
Status
Open (default)
Short (reset state)
,0,
$)*
$'( ) %!
CMOS data
J24
Clean
2-3
Normal (default)
1-2
#
"
$*:+:7:=%
@Table 36: Address Selection Reserves
&$$
0 .
!$ .
1$
0C800H 0C9FFH
R06
R08
VGA
0CC00H 0CDFFH
R06
R07
VGA
0D000H 0D1FFH
R05
R08
OPT. ROM
0D400H 0D5FFH
R05
R07
D.O.C.
0D800H 0D9FFH
R04
R08
BOOT ROM
0DC00H 0DDFFH
R04
R07
BOOT ROM
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
,.
$)1:)+
& ( < (!
.06
.07
0)!
6)/
7)8
0)!
6)/
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9):
Pentium 100MHz
Open
Open
Open
Close
Open
Open
Open
Pentium 120MHz
Close
Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Pentium 133MHz
Close
Open
Open
Close
Open
Open
Open
Pentium 150MHz
Close
Close
Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Pentium 166MHz
Close
Close
Open
Close
Open
Open
Open
Pentium 200MHz
MMX
Open
Close
Open
Close
Open
Open
Open
Pentium 233MHz
MMX
Open
Open
Open
Close
Open
Open
Open
AMD K6/
233MHz(AFR)
Open
Open
Open
Close
Open
Open
Open
AMD K6/
266MHz(AFR)AM
D K6-2/266MHz
Close
Open
Close
Close
Open
Open
Open
AMD K6-2/
300MHz
Open
Close
open
Close
Close
close
Open
AMD K6-2/
333MHz
Open
Open
Open
Open
Close
Close
Open
AMD K6-2/
350MHz
Open
Open
Open
Close
Close
Close
Open
AMD K6-3/
400MHz
Close
Open
Close
Close
Close
Close
Open
AMD K6-3/
450MHz
Close
Close
Close
Close
Close
Close
Open
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" !"
The following model was selected as an example to assist you in setting up the system BIOS. Please check with your
supplier for additional examples or updated BIOS information.
+ ='( (% 8; $, (!
!
"
$
NetXpress XL1000 and XL2000
Intel Pentium (MMX) 100/133/166/200/233
"
(
$
XL 1.0
AWARD
Netier NetXpress XL thin client BIOS is supplied by Award Software, Inc. AWARD BIOS Flash ROM contains a built-in
setup program that allows you to modify the basic system configuration. This information is stored in the CMOS
chipset RAM, which contains its own battery; therefore, the setup information is retained when the power is turned off.
!
;
Power on the computer and immediately press Del to enter BIOS setup.
When the following message appears briefly at the bottom of the screen during the POST (Power On Self Test), press
Del to enter system BIOS setup:
TO ENTER SETUP BEFORE BOOT PRESS the <Del> KEY
If the message disappears before you can press Del then restart the system and attempt to enter system BIOS again.
To restart the system
Turn the power switch OFF and then ON again, or press Ctrl+Alt+Del.
If you do not press the keys to enter BIOS setup at the correct time and the system does not boot,
the error message below will be displayed and you will be asked to select the desired option.
PRESS <F1> TO CONTINUE, <DEL> TO ENTER SETUP
-
Table 39 lists the BIOS setup control keys and their related functions.
. ='( (% 54 , %!
'
Up arrow
Move to the previous item
Down arrow
Move to the next item
Left arrow
Move to the item on the left side
Right arrow
Move to the item on the right side
Esc
Main Menu—Quit and not save changes into CMOS
Status Page Setup Menu and Option Page Setup Menu—Exit current page and
return to Main Menu
PgUp/+
Increase the numeric value or make changes
PgDn/-
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
F1
General help, only for Status Page Setup Menu and Option Page Setup Menu
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" . ='( (% 54 , %!
F2/[Shift]+F2
Change color from a total of 16 colors.
F2 to select color forward, [Shift] F2 to select color backward
F3
Reserved
F4
Reserved
F5
Restore the previous CMOS value from CMOS; only for Option Page Setup Menu
F6
Load the default CMOS value from the BIOS default table; only for Option Page
Setup Menu
F7
Load the Setup default; only for Option Page Setup Menu
F8
Reserved
F9
Reserved
F10
Save all CMOS changes; only for Main Menu
.
A description of the selected (highlighted) setup function appears on the bottom of the screen.
&
Press F1 to display a small pop-up help window that describes the setup control key functions and possible uses for
each key. Press F1 or Esc to exit the Help window.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" ##
Once you enter the AWARD BIOS CMOS Setup Utility, the Main Menu is displayed. The Main Menu allows you to
select from ten setup functions and two exit choices. Use the arrow keys to select the desired item(s) and press Enter
to accept or enter the sub-menu.
Figure 10 illustrates the AWARD BIOS CMOS Setup Utility Main Menu.
898! 14# $# 0' $ $
,
This setup page includes all standard compatible BIOS items. See “Standard CMOS Setup Menu” on page 38 for
details.
;
This setup page includes all AWARD special enhanced feature items. See “BIOS Features Setup Menu” on page 41
for details.
,
This setup page includes all chipset special feature items. See “Chipset Features Setup Menu” on page 46 for details.
9
The Power Management Setup category determines the system power consumption after selecting various items. See
“Power Management Setup” on page 50 for details.
&,;,
Use the PnP/PCI Configuration category to specify PnP OS or manually configure IRQ/DMA settings. See “PnP/PCI
Configuration” on page 53 for details.
;0
BIOS defaults indicate the system parameter values at which the system would perform at the minimum level.
,.
Use the CPU feature to view the temperature and voltages of the CPU.
0
Setup defaults indicate the system parameter values at which the system would perform at the maximum level.
;
Use the Integrated Peripherals function to enable, disable or configure the on-board devices. See “Integrated
Peripherals” on page 55 for details.
"99
Use this function to change, set, or disable the password. The supervisor password allows you to limit access to both
the system and Setup, or just to Setup. See “Setting the Password” on page 58 for details.
;0!<00#0
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" Use the IDE HDD Auto Detection function to automatically detect and configure hard disk parameters. See “IDE HDD
Auto Detection” on page 59 for details.
<009
"
This function is the hard disk low level format utility. See “Hard Disk Low Level Format Utility” on page 62 for details.
"
!>
Choose this function to save CMOS value changes and exit setup.
!>3"
Choose this function to abandon all CMOS value changes and exit setup.
#$
#
The items in the Standard CMOS Setup Menu are divided into 11 categories. Each category includes zero, one, or
more than one setup item. Use the arrow keys to highlight the item, and then press PgUp (PU) or PgDn (PD) to select
the desired for each item.
898! 14# $# *
0
The date format is <day>, <date>, <month>, <year>. Press [F3] to display the calendar.
$
The day of week, from Sun to Sat, is determined by the BIOS and is read only
$
The date, from 1 to 31 (or the maximum allowed in the month), can be keyed in using the
numerical key pad
The month, January through December
The year, depending on the current year.
All Netier Net press thin-client computers are Year 2000 compliant.
(
The time format is <hour> <minute> <second>. The time is calculated based on 24-hour military time. For example, 1
p.m. is 13:00:00 hours.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" @
&"
B
@
&"
These categories identify the type of hard disk drives installed in the computer (C, D, etc.). Forty-five predefined types,
one user definable type, and one automatic type for Normal BIOS are available. Type 1 to Type 45 are predefined.
Type User is user-definable. Type Auto uses your computer’s auto-definition.
Press PgUp/+ or PgDn/− to select a numbered hard disk type, or type the number and press Enter.
Your drive specifications must match those in the drive table. The hard disk will not work properly if
you enter improper information for this category. If your hard disk drive type is not listed in types 1–
45, use Type User to manually define your drive type or use type Auto to automatically define your
drive type.
If you select Type User, you must enter the related information from the keyboard and press Enter. The required
information should be provided in your hard disk documentation.
•
If the HDD is installed, select Auto.
•
If a CD-ROM is installed, select Auto.
•
If no hard disk or CD-ROM is installed, select None or Auto and press Enter.
=
Number of cylinders
*#&
Number of heads
#"
Write precom
&,>,#
Landing zone
#
Number of sectors
"#
HDD access mode
0"
#&
This category identifies the type of floppy disk drives (A and/or B) installed in the computer.
Select 1.44-MB, 3.5-in. if a floppy disk drive is installed in the system.
,
No floppy drive installed
68<)'? 73!7)3
5-1/4-inch, PC-type standard drive; 360-KB capacity
03!)"? 73!7)3
5-1/4-inch, AT-type high-density drive; 1.2-MB capacity
9!<)'? 637)3
3-1/2-inch, double-sided drive; 720-KB capacity
03//)"? 637)3
3-1/2-inch, double-sided drive; 1.44-MB capacity
!3::)"? 637)3
3-1/2-inch, double-sided drive; 2.88-MB capacity
5
Use the Video category to select the adapter used for the primary system monitor. This adapter must match your video
display interface and monitor.
#@&%@&
Enhanced Graphics Adapter/Video Graphics Array; for EGA, VGA, SVGA, or PGA
monitor adapters
@& /<
Color Graphics Adapter; power up in 40-column mode
@& :<
Color Graphics Adapter; power up in 80-column mode
",
Monochrome adapter; includes high-resolution monochrome adapters
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" <
The error halt category determines if the computer will stop when an error is detected during power up.
,
Whenever the BIOS detects a non-fatal error, the system stops and you will
be prompted.
& The system boot stops after any detected error.
&? '(
$
The system boot stops after a keyboard error but does not stop after all other
errors.
&? A
The system boot does not stop for a disk error but does stop after all other
errors.
&? A%'
The system boot does not stop for a keyboard or disk error but does stop
after all other errors.
@
This is a display-only category determined by the BIOS Power On Self Test (POST).
BASE MEMORY
The BIOS POST determines the amount of base (or conventional) memory installed in the system. The value of the
base memory is typically 512 KB for systems with 512 KB memory installed on the motherboard, or 640 KB for
systems with 640 KB or more memory installed on the motherboard.
EXTENDED MEMORY
The BIOS determines how much extended memory is present during the POST. Extended memory is the amount of
memory located above 1 MB in the CPU memory address map.
OTHER MEMORY
Other memory refers to the memory located in the 640 KB to 1024 KB address range. Other memory can be used for
different applications. DOS uses this area to load device drivers to keep as much base memory free for application
programs. This memory area is most often used for Shadow RAM.
TOTAL MEMORY
System total memory is the sum of basic memory, extended memory, and other memory.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" /$
#
898! 14# $
53
This category flashes on the screen. During and after system boot, any attempt to write to the boot sector or partition
table of the hard disk drive halts the system, and the following error message appears. If this warning appears, run an
anti-virus program to locate the problem.
If you are installing a new operating system when this error message is displayed, you do not need
to run an anti-virus program. Instead, type Y to accept and continue installation.
#($
Activates automatically when the system boots up causing a warning message to appear
when anything attempts to access the boot sector or hard disk partition table.
($
No warning message appears when anything attempts to access the boot sector or hard
disk partition table.
This function is available only for DOS and other operating systems that do not trap INT13.
,.;
,
&!>
,
These categories accelerate memory access depending on CPU/chipset design. The default value is Enable. If your
CPU does not contain internal cache, the item “CPU Internal Cache” does not appear.
#($
Enable cache
($
Disable cache
C49
(
This category accelerates the Power On Self Test (POST). If Quick Power On Self Test is set to Enable, BIOS
shortens or does not check certain items during the POST.
#($
Enable quick POST
($
Normal POST
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" #
Boot from LAN first, if enabled, directs the computer to search the LAN for a DHCP server to opbtain an IP address
and then searches for a PXE server to obtain a 1.44 MB boot file. The computer then runs through its local boot
process using information from the 1.44 MB boot file.
#($
Enable Boot from LAN First
($
Disable Boot from LAN First
D
This category determines which drive the computer first searches for the disk operating system (e.g., DOS, Windows
3.1, Windows 95, etc.).
The default value is C only.
The system only searches the hard disk drive for booting instructions.
0!< >? The system first searches the LS120 drive then the hard disk drive for booting
instructions.
&? ? The system first searches the floppy disk drive then the hard disk drive then the
SCSI Bus.
? &? The system first searches the hard disk drive then the floppy disk drive then the
SCSI Bus.
? "? &
The system first searches the hard disk drive, then the CD-ROM drive, and then the
floppy disk drive for booting instructions.
"? ? &
The system first searches the CD-ROM drive, then the hard disk drive, and then the
floppy disk drive for booting instructions.
? &? The system first searches the Drive D which is the second active DOS partition then
the floppy disk drive then the SCSI Bus.
#? &? The system first searches the Drive E which is the third active DOS partition then
floppy disk drive then the SCSI Bus.
? &? The system first searches the Drive F which is the fourth active DOS partition then
floppy disk drive then the SCSI Bus.
? &? The system first searches the SCSI Bus then the floppy disk drive then Drive C.
? ? &
The system first searches the SCSI Bus then Drive C then the floppy disk drive.
9@0"
The setting is set to Disabled by default.
#($
Enable Floppy Drives A and B Swap function
($
Disable Floppy Drives A and B Swap function
.@
4
During POST, BIOS determines if the floppy disk drive installed contains 40 or 80 tracks. A 360-KB floppy drive
contains 40 tracks while 720-KB, 1.2-MB, and 1.44-MB contain 80 tracks.
#($
BIOS searches for the floppy disk drive to determine if it is 40 or 80 tracks. Note that BIOS
cannot determine whether a floppy drive is 720 KB, 1.2 MB, or 1.44 MB because they are
all 80 tracks.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" BIOS will not search for the type of floppy disk drive by track number. Note that no warning
message will appear if the floppy drive installed is 360 KB.
($
.4
The default value is On.
NumLock is on
NumLock is off
6
#
This entry allows you to select how gate A20 is handled. Gate A20 is a device used to address memory above 1 MB.
Initially, gate A20 was intended for support. It is more common and much faster for the chipset to provide support for
A20.
,
Handling gate A20 by keyboard
Handling gate A20 by chipset
@@&!,,,
4
This entry allows you to select how the BIOS tests memory parity and ECC (Error Correcting Code) during POST.
The setting is set to Disabled by default.
#($
The BIOS runs memory test during POST.
($
The BIOS skips the memory test during POST.
(@
The typematic rate setting determines the typematic rate.
#($
Enable typematic rate and typematic delay programming
($
Disable typematic rate and typematic delay programming. The system BIOS uses the
default value of these 2 items, and the default is controlled by the keyboard.
TYPEMATIC RATE (CHARS/SEC)
When the typematic rate setting is enabled, you can select the rate at which the keys are accelerated.
8
6 characters per second
:
8 characters per second
0<
10 characters per second
0!
12 characters per second
07
15 characters per second
!<
20 characters per second
!/
24 characters per second
6<
30 characters per second
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" TYPEMATIC DELAY (MSEC)
When the typematic rate setting is enabled, you can select the delay between when the key was first depressed and
when the acceleration begins.
!7<
250 Msec
7<<
500 Msec
97<
750 Msec
0<<<
1000 Msec
@
The Security Option category allows you to limit access to the system and Setup, or just to Setup.
The system will not boot, and access to Setup will be denied if the correct password is not
entered at the prompt.
The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied if the correct password is not
entered at the prompt.
To disable security, select Password Setting at the Main Menu. You will be asked to enter the
password. Simply press Enter here to disable security. Once the security is disabled, the system will
boot and you can enter Setup freely.
,;&56#
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop determines whether the MPEG ISA/VESA VGA cards are compatible with PCI/VGA.
The setting is set to Disabled by default.
#(
When PCI/VGA works with MPEG ISA/VESA VGA card
(
When PCI/VGA doesn‘t work with MPEG ISA/VESA card
0#E7*
This item allows you to access memory over 64 MB in OS2.
Only select OS2 when you are using OS/2™ as the primary operating system.
,
) !
OS2 cannot access the memory address over 64 MB
!
OS2 can access the memory address over 64 MB
5
;9
BIOS SHADOW
BIOS Shadow determines whether system BIOS is copied to RAM or the system BIOS is always shadowed to support
LBA HDD.
#($
System shadow is enabled
($
System shadow is disabled
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" 5
9
This setting determines whether video ROM is copied to RAM; however, this setting is optional based on chipset
design. Video Shadow increases the video speed.
#($
Video shadow is enabled
($
Video shadow is disabled
C8000–CBFFF SHADOW
CC000–CFFFF SHADOW
D0000–D3FFF SHADOW
D4000–D7FF SHADOW
D8000–DBFFF SHADOW
DC000–DFFFF SHADOW
These categories determine whether optional ROMs are copied to RAM. An example of an optional ROM is one that
supports a SCSI add-on card.
#($
Optional shadow is enabled
($
Optional shadow is disabled
,@>7>/7&;;,.;0
This setting prompts the system to test for the Cyrix 6x86/MII CPU and configure settings as necessary.
#($
Enables Cyrix 6x86/MII CPU
($
Disables Cyrix 6x86/MII CPU
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" #
898! 14# $
4&0#(
These catagories allow you to configure DRAM type.
Default memory setting SDRAM 10ns.
&" 0<
10ns SDRAM
&" :
8ns SDRAM
,
Normal mode RAM
"$
Medium mode RAM
Fast mode RAM
(
Turbo mode RAM
4&10#(
These catagories allow you to configure DRAM type.
Default memory setting SDRAM 10ns.
&" 0<
10ns SDRAM
&" :
8ns SDRAM
,
Normal mode RAM
"$
Medium mode RAM
Fast mode RAM
(
Turbo mode RAM
0#,@
This field sets the CAS latency timing.
!
Sets SDRAM Cycle length to 2
6
Sets SDRAM Cycle length to 3
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" 0#
This category allows you to enable and disable DRAM Read Pipeline.
#(
Enables DRAM Read Pipeline.
(
Disables DRAM Read Pipeline
1(3
You may enable this field when pipelined burst synchronous SRAM (PBSRAM) cache memory is installed. It enables
sustained three-cycle write access for PBSRAM access at 66 or 75 MHz.
#(
Enable Sustained 3T Write
(
Disable Sustained 3T Write
,
&,.3&
This category allows you to enable or disable Cache Rd+CPU Wt Pipeline.
#(
Enables Cache Rd+CPU Wt Pipeline
(
Disables Cache Rd+CPU Wt Pipeline
,
(
For a secondary cache of one bank, select Faster. For a secondary cache of two banks, select Fastest.
5
;,
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the video BIOS ROM at C0000h to C7FFFh, resulting in better video
performance. However, if any program writes to this memory area, a system error may result.
#(
Enable Video BIOS Caching
(
Disable Video BIOS Caching
@
;,
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the system BIOS ROM at F0000h-FFFFFh, resulting in better system
performance. However, if any program writes to this memory area, a system error may result.
#(
Enable System BIOS Caching
(
Disable System BIOS Caching
@<
+ #F
Some ISA card memory must be mapped into the system memory address between 15 MB~16 MB to improve
performance.
#(
Memory address 15~16 MB is reserved for the user.
(
Memory address 15~16 MB is reserved for ISA cards.
The system can access memory address 0~15 MB only.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" ;;(0@
Initializes the PCI video display before
initializing any other display device on the
system. The PCI display becomes the
primary display.
&@
Initializes the AGP video display before
initializing any other display device on the
system. The AGP display becomes the
primary display.
G
:"
Reserves 8MB of main system memory for on-board AGP video
/"
Reserves 4MB of main system memory for on-board AGP video
,& 4 &@5
Reserves 2MB of main system memory for on-board AGP video
,& 4 $
$ ( )
$ $
B
$5
Does not reserve any main system memory for video
#6#
G
Select the size of the Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) aperture. The aperture is a portion of the PCI memory address
range dedicated for graphics memory address space. Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to the AGP
without any translation. See www.agpforum.org for APG information. You can configure the size of the AGP aperture
to 4, 8, 16, 32,64,128MB.
,.
#(
Enables OnChip USB
(
Disables OnChip USB
This category allows you to enable or disable onboard USB ports.
,
#(
Enables OnChip Sound
(
Disables OnChip Sound
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" .H
@ Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal Serial Bus (USB) controller and you have a USB keyboard.
.
#(
Enables USB keyboard
(
Disables USB keyboard
When the system clock generator pulses, the extreme values of the pulse generate excess EMI. Enabling pulse
spectrum spread modulation changes the extreme values from spikes to flat curves, thus reducing EMI. This benefit
may in some cases be outweighed by problems with timing-critical devices, such as a clock-sensitive SCSI device. We
recommend you keep this setting at the Disabled default value.
#(
Enables Spread Spectrum
(
Disables Spread Spectrum
,.<,4%,.&,; 4 5
8<%6< "*C
88%66 "*C
9<%67 "*C
97%!7 "*C
97%69 "*C
:<%!< "*C
:<%/< "*C
:6%!9 "*C
:6%/0 "*C
;7%60 "*C
0<<%66 "*C
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" 0#
The Power Management Setup screen appears on your screen similar to the following illustration:
#,;
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) determines whether the operating system controls the power
management and Plug and Play functions of the system. ACPI defines a flexible and extensible interface that allows
system designers to select appropriate cost/feature trade-offs for power management. The interface enables new
power management technology to evolve independently in operating systems and hardware while ensuring that they
continue to work together. For more information on ACPI, please refer to these two Internet sites:
•
http://www.teleport.com/~acpi/
•
http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/desinit/acpifaq2.htm
WHY IS ACPI IMPORTANT?
Changing from Advanced Power Management (APM) and Plug and Play (PnP) to ACPI offers many benefits including
the following:
•
A cooperative "Plug and Play" environment for devices and power management for desktops, notebooks, and
servers
•
An open Operating System Architecture that allows the development of ACPI for non-Microsoft operating
systems. This O/S also lets ACPI-compliant operating systems running on non-standard hardware use the
ACPI interface.
•
New opportunities for product differentiation
•
Developer-defined control methods using the ACPI language
•
ACPI support is required for NT 5.0, Windows/PC 97& 98, Server 97& 98, and OnNow Certification. Older
versions of NT do not have any power management support. ACPI-compliant systems running NT can take
full advantage of power savings through ACPI power management.
Phoenix has an ACPI compliant BIOS, which the NT 5.0 and Win 98 development teams at Microsoft have been using
for several months. The ACPI hardware interface provides two types of functionality to the operating system that
previously resided in the BIOS:
•
Control and detection of system control events using a normal interrupt called System Control Interrupt (SCI)
rather than System Management Interrupt (SMI)
•
Control of the system power state (http://www.phoenix.com/platform/acpi.html, 1998)
#(
Enables ACPI
(
Disables ACPI
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" 9
This category determines the system power consumption level after selecting the items below. The default value is
Disable. Table 41 describes each item’s options.
7 $ '
, )!
Power Management
1. Disabled
Global Power Management will be disabled
2. User Define
Users can configure their own power management
3. Min Saving
Pre-defined timer values are used such that all
timers use the MAX values
4. Max Saving
Pre-defined timer values are used such that all
timers use the MIN values
1. No
The system BIOS ignores APM when performing
system power management
2. Yes
The system BIOS waits for a prompt from APM
before entering any power management mode.
PM Control by APM
Note: If APM is installed and a task is running,
even if the timer is timed out, APM does not prompt
the BIOS to put the system into any power saving
mode.
Note: If APM is not installed, this option has no
effect.
Video Off Method
1. Blank Screen
The system BIOS only blanks the screen when
disabling video
2. V/H SYNC +
Blank
In addition to (1), the BIOS also turns off the VSYNC & H-SYNC signals from the VGA card to the
monitor
3. DPMS Support
This function is only enabled on VGA cards that
support the DPM function, which initializes the
display’s power saving management signaling
Note: Green monitors detect the V/H SYNC signals
and turn off the electron gun.
Video Off After
MODEM Use IRQ
Doze Mode
Suspend
Monitor powers down when the system enters
Suspend mode
Doze
Monitor powers down when the system enters
Doze mode.
NA
Monitor is never powered down by the BIOS.
NA
A modem card is not installed
3,4,5,7,9,10, 11
Manually input the modem card’s IRQ.
Disabled
System never enter doze mode (low-power saving)
10,20,30,40
seconds
System enters doze mode after specified time.
1,2,4,6,8,10,20,
System enters doze mode after specified time.
30,40 minutes
1 hour
Suspend Mode
Disabled
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
System never enters suspend.
!" 7 $ '
, )!
10,20,30,40
seconds
System enters supspend (high-power saving)
mode after specified time.
1,2,4,6,8,10,20,
System enters supspend (high-power saving)
mode after specified time.
30,40 minutes
1 hour
HDD Power Down
1. Disable
The HDD motor will not be powered down
2. 1~15 min.
Defines the continuous HDD idle time before the
HDD enters the power saving mode (motor off)
Note: When the HDD is in the power saving mode,
the HDD is initialized upon future access.
Soft-Off by PWRBTN
1. Instant-Off
The system powers down immediately after the
power button is pushed.
2. Delay 4 Sec
The system powers down 4 seconds after the
power button is pushed.
1. Off
The system will not automatically turn on after a
power failure.
2. On
The system automatically powers up after a power
failure.
VGA, LPT & COM, HDD &
FDD, DMA/MASTER,
MODEM RING RESUME,
RTC ALARM RESUME,
PRIMARY INTR
1. Off
The specified event’s activity does not affect the
PM timers
2. On
The specified event’s activity causes the PM
Timers to be reloaded and activate the inactive
device.
Wake on LAN
Disabled
System will not turn on with any network traffic.
Enabled
System will turn on when a Magic packet is
received.
PWRON After PW-FAIL
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" 1
You can manually configure the PCI device’s IRQ settings. The following pages describe each item’s options and
explain the meaning of each option.
898! 14# 4 & $
Table 42 describes each item’s options and explains the meaning of each option.
%
'
, )!
PNP OS Installed
Yes
Select Yes if the system operating environment is Plugand-Play aware (e.g., Windows 95).
No
Resources Controlled
By
Auto
Manual
By The Plug and Play AwardBIOS can automatically
configure all the boot and Plug and Play-compatible
devices. If you select Auto, all the interrupt request (IRQ)
and DMA assignment fields disappear, as the BIOS
automatically assigns them.
Reset Configuration
Data
Enable
IRQ3~15, DMA 0~7
assign to
Legacy ISA
Assign IRQ or DMA channel to ISA bus device only
PCI/ISA PnP
Assign IRQ or DMA channel can be resourced for PCI and
ISA device
Disable
Normally, you leave this field Disabled. Select Enabled to
reset Extended System Configuration Data (ESCD) when
you exit Setup if you have installed a new add-on and the
system reconfiguration has caused such a serious conflict
that the operating system cannot boot.
CPU to PCI Write Buffer
Enable /Disable
When Enabled, the CPU can write up to four dwords of
data to the PCI write buffer before the CPU must wait for
the PCI bus cycles to finish. When Disabled, the CPU
must wait after each write cycle until the PCI bus signals
that it is ready to receive more data.
PCI Dynamic Bursting
Enable /Disable
When Enabled, every write transaction goes to the write
buffer. Burstable transactions then burst on the PCI bus
and non-burstable transactions do not.
PCI Master 0 WS Write
Enable /Disable
When Enabled, writes to the PCI bus are executed with
zero wait states.
PCI Delay Transaction
Enable /Disable
The chipset has an embedded 32-bit posted write buffer to
support delay transactions cycles. Select Enabled to
support compliance with PCI specification version 2.1.
PCI #2 Access #1 Retry
Enable /Disable
Select Enable to enable PCI #2 Access #1 Retry.
Select Disable to disable PCI #2 Access #1 Retry.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" %
'
, )!
AGP Master 1 WS Write
Enable /Disable
Select Enable to enable AGP Master 1 WS Write.
Select Disable to disable AGP Master 1 WS Write.
AGP Master 1 WS
Read
Enable /Disable
Select Enable to enable AGP Master 1 WS Read.
PCI IRQ Activated By
Edge/Level
Leave the IRQ trigger set at Level unless the PCI device
assigned to the interrupt specifies Edge-triggered
interrupts.
Assign IRQ for USB
Enable /Disable
The BIOS assigns an IRQ for the USB port. The operating
system determines USB resources.
Assign IRQ for VGA
Enable /Disable
The BIOS assigns an IRQ for Video. The operating system
determines Video resources.
Select Disable to disable AGP Master 1 WS Read.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" ',;0!,
Use this category to assign an active or non-active status to the primary motherboard IDE interface.
#($
Enable the onboard primary IDE channel
($
Disable the onboard primary IDE channel
,;0!
,
#($
Enable on-board secondary IDE channel
($
Disable on-board secondary IDE channel
;0!
The onboard IDE drive interfaces supports IDE prefetching, for faster drive accesses. If you install a primary and/or
secondary add-in IDE interface, set this field to Disabled if the interface does not support prefetching.
#($
Enable IDE PreFetch Mode
($
Disable IDE PreFetch Mode
;0!<004
Use this category to assign the block transfer function (the size per block is defined by your hard disk) of the primary
IDE interface on the motherboard to achieve the best hard disk performance.
#($
Enable the block transfer function
($
Disable the block transfer function
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" ;0!@&
@
&"
;
Use these settings to assign the Programming I/O mode of the primary and secondary IDE interfaces on the mother
board. The correct settings improve hard disk performance.
&
The system automatically detect the best type for your hard disk.
"
$ <
Assign the hard disk PIO setting to Mode 0 (Max. access time = 600 ns, Max. speed = 3.3
MB/sec.)
"
$ 0
Assign the hard disk PIO setting to Mode 1 (Max. access time = 383 ns, Max. speed = 5.2
MB/sec.)
"
$ !
Assign the hard disk PIO setting to Mode 2 (Max. access time = 240 ns, Max. speed = 8.3
MB/sec.)
"
$ 6
Assign the hard disk PIO setting to Mode 3 (Max. access time = 180 ns, Max. speed = 11.1
MB/sec.)
"
$ /
Assign the hard disk PIO setting to Mode 4 (Max. access time = 120 ns, Max. speed = 16.6
MB/sec.)
;0!@&
@
&"
.0#
UDMA (Ultra DMA) is a DMA data transfer protocol that utilizes ATA commands and the ATA bus to allow DMA
commands to transfer data at a maximum burst rate of 33 MB/s. When you select Auto in the four IDE UDMA fields (for
each of up to four IDE devices that the internal PCI IDE interface supports), the system automatically determines the
optimal data transfer rate for each IDE device.
(
Disable the IDE Primary/Secondary
Master/Slave UDMA
#(
Enable the IDE Primary/Secondary
Master/Slave UDMA
04,
Enable/Disable Disk On Chip (DOC) socket.
#($
Enable DOC
($
Disable DOC
0,,
Use this category assign the motherboard (floppy disk controller) FDC interface as active or non-active.
#($
Enable mother board FDC interface
($
Disable mother board FDC interface
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" &
Use these categories to assign the I/O address and interrupt request channel of the RS232 ports on the mother board.
6:%-/
I/O address=3F8h, IRQ channel=4 (COM1)
!:%-6
I/O address=2F8h, IRQ channel=3 (COM2)
6#:%-/
I/O address=3E8h, IRQ channel=4 (COM3)
!#:%-6
I/O address=2E8h, IRQ channel=3 (COM4)
&
The system automatically assigns the viable I/O address and IRQ channel to
your RS232 ports on the mother board.
(
Disables the RS232 function of the mother board.
.#(
Use these categories to assign the operation mode of the RS232 ports on the mother board.
$$
RS232 will work in FIFO standard mode
* RS232 will work in Half Phase Serial Infrared mode
& '
RS232 will work in Amplitude Shift Keyed Infrared mode
.#(&;0
>
Use these categories to assign the duplex mode of the serial IR ports on the mother board.
*
Serial IR port will work in half duplex mode
Serial IR port will work in full duplex mode
)D D
2-pin One transmit One receive
)D!D!
4-pin Two transmit Two receive
Use this category to assign the I/O address and interrupt request channel for the parallel port on the mother board.
69:%-9
I/O address = 378h, IRQ channel = 7
!9:%-7
I/O address = 278h, IRQ channel = 5
6%-9
I/O address = 3BCh, IRQ channel = 7
(
Disable the parallel function on the mother board
Use this category to assign the working mode of the parallel port on the mother board.
,
Parallel port will work in SPP (standard parallel port) mode
#
Parallel port will work in EPP (enhanced parallel port) mode
#
Parallel port will work in ECP (extended capabilities port) mode
#E#
Parallel port will auto-detect the parallel device for working in EPP or ECP mode
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" !,
.
0#
Use this category to assign the DMA (direct memory access) channel for the ECP device used.
6
DMA 3 is used by the ECP device
0
DMA 1 is used by the ECP device
!(@
Use this category to assign the IEEE standard version for the EPP device used.
Please refer to your printer documentation when selecting EPP type.
#03;
Version 1.9 (new version)
#039
Version 1.7 (old version)
0
When you select this function, the following message appears at the center of the screen to assist you in creating a
password.
ENTER PASSWORD:
Type the password, up to eight characters, and press Enter. The password typed clears any previously entered
password from CMOS memory. You will be asked to confirm the password. Type the password again and press Enter.
You may also press Esc to abort the selection and not enter a password.
To disable the password, press Enter when you are prompted to enter password. A message confirms the password
being disabled. Once the password is disabled, the system boots and you can enter Setup freely.
PASSWORD DISABLED.
If you select System from the BIOS Features Setup Menu Security option, you are prompted for the password each
time the system is rebooted or each time you try to enter Setup. If you select Setup from the BIOS Features Setup
Menu Security option, you are prompted for the password only when entering Setup.
The system allows you to modify each item when you use the supervisor password to enter the CMOS setup screen.
The system only allows you to modify the user password setting when you use your user password to enter the CMOS
setup screen.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" " ""2"
The Enhanced IDE feature is provided in all AWARD BIOS. Below is a brief description of this feature.
F
,
AUTO-DETECTION
BIOS setup displays all modes supported by the HDD, including:
•
Normal
•
LBA
•
Large
If the HDD does not support the LBA mode, no LBA option is shown. If the number of cylinders is less than or equal to
1024, no Large option is shown.
Select the appropriate mode. An illustration of the AWARD CMOS setup utility is provided below for your convenience.
898! 1# $# 0'
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
When the HDD type is User, the Mode field becomes available to select the HDD mode.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" F<00
The AWARD BIOS supports the following three HDD modes:
•
Normal
•
LBA
•
Large
NORMAL MODE
General access mode -the maximum number of cylinders, head & sectors for NORMAL mode are 1024, 16 and 63.
X
No Cylinder
(1024)
X
No. Head
(16)
X
No. Sector
(63)
No. per Sector
(512)
528 Megabytes
If the HDD is set to Normal mode, the maximum accessible HDD size is 528 MB Megabytes, even though its physical
capacity may be larger.
LBA (LOGICAL BLOCK ADDRESSING) MODE
LAB represents a new HDD access method to overcome the 528-MB bottleneck. The number of cylinders, heads, and
sectors that appear in setup may not be the number physically contained in the HDD.
During HDD access, the IDE controller transforms the logical address described by the sector, head, and cylinder
number into its own physical address inside the HDD.
The maximum HDD size supported by LBA mode is 8.4 GB, which is obtained through the following formula:
X
No Cylinder
(1024)
X
No. Head
(255)
X
No. Sector
(63)
No. per Sector
(512)
8.4 Gigabytes
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" LARGE MODE
AWARD Software supports extended HDD access mode.
Some IDE HDDs contain more than 1024 cylinders, and users may not want to select LBA mode. AWARD BIOS
provides an alternative to support these HDDs.
Large Mode Example
$
*$
"
$
1120
16
59
Normal
560
32
59
Large
BIOS tells the operating system that the number of cylinders is less than 1024 divided by 2. At the same time, the
number of heads is multiplied by 2. A reverse transformation process occurs inside INT13h to access the right HDD
address.
Maximum HDD Size
X
No Cylinder
(1024)
X
No. Head
(32)
X
No. Sector
(63)
No. per Sector
(512)
1.0 Gigabyte
1F
4
To support either the HDD LBA or Large mode, some modes must be software involved. This software is located in the
AWARD HDD Service Routine (INT 13h). It may be impossible to access HDD in LBA (Large) mode if your operating
system or a running application program replaces the entire INT 13h.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" "0!,
The AWARD Low-Level-Format utility is a tool designed to save time formatting your hard disk. The utility
automatically checks the selected drive’s necessary information. The utility also searches for bad tracks and lists them
for your reference.
,H
@
Use the Up and Down arrow keys to select from the items displayed on the upper portion of the screen. Press Enter to
accept the selection. Press Esc to abort the selection or exit the utility.
0"
Select from installed hard disk drive C or D. The drive(s) the utility automatically detects is listed at the bottom of the
screen.
(4
AUTO SCAN BAD TRACK
This utility automatically scans bad tracks and lists the bad tracks in the window on the right-hand side of the screen.
ADD BAD TRACK
Type bad track information in the window on the right-hand side of the screen.
MODIFY BAD TRACK
Modify user-input bad track information in the window on the right-hand side of the screen.
DELETE BAD TRACK
Delete user-input bad track information in the window on the right-hand side of the screen.
CLEAR BAD TRACK TABLE
Clear the entire bad track list in the window on the right- hand side of the screen.
INTERLEAVE
Select the interleave number of the hard disk drive on which you want to perform a low-level format. Select from 1 to 8.
Check the accompanying hard disk documentation for the correct interleave number, or select 0 for automatic
detection by the utility.
AUTO SCAN BAD TRACK
This feature allows the utility to scan first, then format by each track.
START
Press Y to start the low-level format.
03$/
If, after you have made changes to the CMOS values and the system cannot boot with the CMOS values selected in
Setup, restart the system by turning it off then on. You may also restart by simultaneously pressing Ctrl, Alt, and Del.
While the system is restarting, immediately press Insert to load the default CMOS BIOS value for boot up.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
!" /$
45$
#
When the BIOS encounters an error that requires the user to correct something, either a beep code will sound or a
message will be displayed in a box in the middle of the screen. The message PRESS F1 TO CONTINUE OR DEL TO
ENTER SETUP will be shown in the information box at the bottom.
(
There are two types of beep codes in the AWARD BIOS. One code indicates a video error has occurred and the BIOS
cannot initialize the video screen to display any additional information. This beep code consists of a single long beep
followed by three short beeps. The other code indicates a DRAM error has occurred. This beep code consists of a
single, long, repeated beep.
!
One or more of the following error messages may be displayed if the BIOS detects an error during the POST. The
following list contains error messages for all AWARD BIOS:
CMOS BATTERY HAS FAILED
The CMOS battery is no longer functional and should be replaced.
CMOS CHECKSUM ERROR
The CMOS checksum is incorrect. This can indicate the CMOS has become corrupt. Or, this error can be caused by a
weak battery. Check the battery and replace if necessary.
DISPLAY SWITCH IS SET INCORRECTLY
The display switch on the motherboard can be set to either monochrome or color. This indicates the switch is set to a
different setting than indicated in Setup. Determine which setting is correct, and either turn off the system and change
the jumper, or enter Setup and change the VIDEO selection.
FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (80)
Unable to reset floppy subsystem.
FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (40)
Floppy Type does not match.
HARD DISK(S) fail (80)
HDD reset failed.
HARD DISK(S) fail (40)
HDD controller diagnostics failed.
HARD DISK(S) fail (20)
HDD initialization error.
HARD DISK(S) fail (10)
Unable to recalibrate fixed disk.
HARD DISK(S) fail (08)
Sector verify failed.
Keyboard is locked out–Unlock the key
BIOS detected the keyboard is locked. P17 of the keyboard controller is pulled low.
Keyboard error or no keyboard present
Cannot initialize the keyboard. Make sure the keyboard is attached correctly and no keys are being pressed during the
boot.
Manufacturing POST loop
The system will repeat the POST procedure infinitely while the P15 of the keyboard controller is pulled low. This is also
used for M/B burn in test.
BIOS ROM checksum error–System halted
The checksum of ROM address F0000H-FFFFFH is bad.
Memory test fail
BIOS reports the memory test failed if errors occurred during the onboard memory test.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
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The DiskOnChip 2000 is a single-chip Flash Disk designed to plug into a standard 32-pin Flash EPROM socket. The
DiskOnChip 2000 should be mapped to an 8-Kb window in the system BIOS expansion address space, which is
usually located in address 0C8000H to 0E0000H.
The DiskOnChip 2000 contains a built-in copy of the M-Systems industry-standard TrueFFS software, which allows the
DiskOnChip to operate as a standard disk drive. The DiskOnChip 2000 can also contain the operating system,
allowing BOOT capability in systems without a hard disk. See “Configuring the DiskOnChip 2000 as the First Drive” on
page 66 for more information.
The DiskOnChip is a self-contained device. The installation of the DiskOnChip does not require any software
installation. The design of the DiskOnChip allows for full upward and downward compatibility. While available today in
capacities of 8 to 288 MB, future DiskOnChip devices with higher densities will be fully compatible with standard
DiskOnChip sockets. The basic design of the DiskOnChip actually supports an unlimited capacity.
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Caution:
Always unplug the NetXpress Thin Client from the power supply before conducting any internal
work.
When installing or removing the DiskOnChip, be sure to first touch a grounded surface to discharge any static
electricity from your body.
To install the DiskOnChip:
1
Align pin 1 on the DiskOnChip with pin 1 of socket.
2
Push the DiskOnChip into the socket carefully until it is fully seated.
Caution:
Ensure the DiskOnChip is installed securely and there are no bent pins.
The DiskOnChip may be permanently damaged if installed incorrectly.
INSTALLING THE DOC AS A HARD DISK
To install the DiskOnChip as drive C on a system without a hard disk:
1
Set the drive C CMOS setup of to “not installed” (no physical magnetic disk is installed), and reboot the
computer.
The DiskOnChip 2000 installs as drive C. The DiskOnChip must be formatted with the System files
in order for it to BOOT. See “Configuring the DiskOnChip 2000 as the BOOT Device” on page 65 for
more information.
If a hard drive is installed in the system, the DiskOnChip either does not operate or is identified as
the primary hard drive. The DOC must be enabled under Integrated Periperals in the BIOS.
To install the DiskOnChip as drive D on a system with a hard disk, simply reboot the system and the
DiskOnChip will be installed as drive D.
To install the DiskOnChip as Drive C on a system with a hard disk, see “Configuring the DiskOnChip
2000 as the First Drive” on page 66.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
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To configure the DiskOnChip as the BOOT device, the operating system files must be copied into the DiskOnChip.
Copying the operating system files into the DiskOnChip is performed like in any other hard disk. The following steps
describe a typical initialization process:
1
Set up the DiskOnChip as a regular drive in your system (not a BOOT drive).
2
Install a bootable floppy diskette in drive A and BOOT the system.
3
At the DOS prompt, type SYS C: to transfer the DOS system files to the DiskOnChip (assuming the DiskOnChip is installed as drive C).
4
Copy all necessary files into the DiskOnChip.
5
Remove the floppy diskette and reboot the system. The system will BOOT from the DiskOnChip, and will
allow you to run and access any files that have been copied into the DiskOnChip.
The hard drive must be set on the 2nd IDE controller.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
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The DiskOnChip can be configured to be installed as the last drive (default) or as the first drive in the system.
If the DiskOnChip 2000 is installed as the last
drive and ...
then...
When configured as the first drive, the DiskOnChip is always installed as drive C.
The DiskOnChip is shipped from the factory configured to be installed as the last drive. To configure the DiskOnChip to
be installed as the first drive, use the steps below:
1
BOOT the system and make sure the DiskOnChip is installed correctly as drive D.
2
At the DOS prompt type: DUPDATE D:/FIRST /S:DOC105.EXB.
3
After re-booting the system, the DiskOnChip appears as C:.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
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.
DFORMAT
Before TrueFFS can access a flash media, the media must be formatted, just as a floppy disk must be formatted
before use. Formatting initializes the media and writes a new and empty DOS file system to the media. When
formatting is complete, the media contains only a root directory.
The Flash Disk is fully tested and formatted before the product is shipped, but it can be formatted more than once.
Each time it is formatted, all data on the media is destroyed. When reformatting, the boot-image is retained by default.
The DFORMAT syntax is:
Usage: DFORMAT {drive-letter/WIN:segment} [/SIZE:size] [/USE:nnn] [/LABEL:label] [/DOSVER:n] [/SPARE:n] [/Y]
The DFORMAT options are:
driver-letter
DOS driver letter of the TrueFFS drive.
/WIN:Segment
Memory address in which the DiskOnChip is located. Use either
this flag or the driver-letter flag.
/SIZE:size
The size of the flash media to be formatted (including the install
partition). By default the entire media is formatted by DFORMAT.
This option limits the formatted size.
/USE:nnn
Percentage of available space on the flash media to be used for
file storage. nnn can be any number from 1 to 100. Default is 99
(99%).
The value of this option may affect the write performance of
TrueFFS.
/DOSVER:dos-major-version
Format for a target system running the specified DOS version.
The default is the current DOS version (the one on which
DFORMAT is executed). For example, /DOSVER:3 formats for
DOS 3.X. Valid values are 1 to 6.
/SPARE:n
Number of spare units. Default is 1. A value 0 selects a WORM
(Write Once Read Many).
/Y
Do not pause for confirmation before beginning to format.
Example 1: DFORMAT C:
Formats the Flash Disk used as Drive C.
Example 2: DFORMAT /WIN:D000
Formats the Flash Disk located at memory address hex D000. If any other hard disk is present in the system, the Flash
Disk is identified as drive D:
CONFIGURING THE DISKONCHIP AS A BOOTABLE DISK
The Flash Disk fully supports the BOOT capability. For the Flash Disk to be bootable, it should be DOS formatted as
bootable, like any floppy or hard disk required to be bootable.
Example 1: SYS D:
Changes the disk into a bootable medium, assuming the Flash Disk is disk D:.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
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In case a firmware update is required, M-Systems will deliver a new .EXB file, which should be written into the firmware
portion of the Flash media within the Flash Disk, Use the DUPDATE utility to write the .EXB file into the Flash media
firmware portion.
DUPDATE requires the DiskOnChip be preprogrammed with the previous firmware file, which is the default as the
Flash Disk is shipped fully tested and programmed.
The DUPDATE syntax is:
DUPDATE [drive-letter/WIN:Segment] /S:BootImage /FIRST
driver-letter
TrueFFS drive DOS driver letter.
/WIN:Segment
Memory address in which the DiskOnChip is located. Use either this parameter
or the drive letter. The segment should be specified in Hex (e.g. /win:d000).
/S:BootImage
The boot image file of the new firmware to be written to the Flash Disk. Usually
the file type is .EXB.
/FIRST
Use this flag to program the DiskOnChip to be the first disk if more disks are
installed in the system. This flag has no effect if the DiskOnChip is the only disk in
the system.
The /S parameter must be supplied when /FIRST flag is used.
Example 1: DUPDATE C:/S:DOC105.EXB
Program the firmware, which is supplied in DOC105.EXB file, into the DiskOnChip located as drive C:.
Example 2: DUPDATE /WIN:D000 /S:DOC105.EXB
Program the firmware, which is supplied in DOC105.EXB file, into the DiskOnChip located at memory address hex
D000. The DiskOnChip will be the last drive in the system (e.g., D: if one magnetic hard drive is already configured).
Example 3: DUPDATE /WIN:D000 /S:DOC105.EXB /FIRST
Program the firmware, which is supplied in DOC105.EXB file, into the DiskOnChip located at memory address hex
D000. The DiskOnChip will be the first drive (C:) if a hard disk is available in the system.
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The DINFO Information utility provides background information regarding the DiskOnChip 2000 and the environment
in which it operates. DINFO reports include:
•
TrueFFS drive letters
•
Installed software and its version compliance.
•
The size of the Flash media.
The DINFO syntax is: DINFO
Example: DINFO
Searches the system for DiskOnChip.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
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)67#849):;/ The XL 1.0 Motherboard RealTek 8139BF Fast Ethernet Controller offers the following capabilities:
•
Provides IEEE 802.3x 10 base-T and 100 base-TX compatibility
•
Contains internal 3-KB transmit and 3-KB receive FIFOs
•
Allows fast back-to-back transmit at 100 Mbps within minimum Interframe Spacing (IFS)
•
Allows full or half duplex support at 10 or 100 Mbps
•
Supports IEEE 802.3 flow control
•
Packet Driver and Complete drivers for Novell, ODI, NDIS, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT, and OS/2
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The setup.exe program helps load the necessary software drivers. It also automatically configures and provides
diagnostics for these cards. You can easily configure the LAN chip using this program.
NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
*# *#
Phoenix Technologies, Ltd. (1998) ACPI, http://www.phoenix.com/platform/acpi.html, Phoenix
Techonlogies,411 E. Plumeria Dr., San Jose, CA 95134, USA
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NetXpress™ XL1000/2000 Administrator’s Guide
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