APPENDICES 194

APPENDICES 194

APPENDICES

194

APPENDIX 1

PLANT COMMUNITIES WITHIN SOUTHERN AFRICAN MOPANEVELD

This list is the fIrst attempt to list all described plant communities within the southern African

Mopaneveld.

It should however be noted that the list is not completely fixed yet and should be regarded as a preliminary list. Only terrestrial communities are included.

South Africa

The Mopaneveld of South Africa is, when compared to other countries, relatively well sampled and described.

It is however easier to get access to studies in South Africa where the study is centered from. Therefore the possible existence of more vegetation studies in Mopaneveld other than South Africa is not denied.

Study area:

Author:

Southern Mopaneveld in the Kruger National Park, South Africa

W.P.D. Gertenbach

Year of study:

1987

Study type:

D.Sc. thesis, Botany Department, University of Pretoria

Reference

No publications

Communities:

1 Euclea divinorum

alliance

1.1 Euclea divinorum - Acacia welwitschii association

1.1.1 Acacia welwitschii - Senecio longiflorus moderate tree savanna

1.1.2 Acacia welwitschii Urochloa mosambicensis

moderate tree savanna

1.2 Euclea divinorum - Albizia harvey; association

1.2.1 Albizia harvey; - Pappea capensis open shrub savanna

1.2.2 Alb;zia harvey; - Colophospermum mopane dense tree savanna a)

Combretum hereroense

variant b)

Acacia tortilis

variant

2 Cenchrus ciliaris

alliance

2.1 Cenchrus ciliaris Colophospermum mopane

association

2.1.1 Colophospermum mopane - Neuracanthus africanus moderate shrubsavanna

2.1.2 Colophospermum mopane - Combretum apiculatum dense bush savanna

2.2 Cenchrus cUiaris Acacia nigrescens association

2.2.1 Acacia nigrescens Combretum apiculatum moderate bush savanna a) Cerathotheca triloba variant b)

Terminalia prunioides variant

2.2.2 Acacia nigrescens Acacia tortUis open shrub savanna

2.2.3 Acacia nigrescens Sclerocarya birrea moderate tree savanna

3 Combretum apiculatum alliance

3.1 Combretum apiculatum - Colophospermum mopane association

3.1.1 Colophospermum mopane - Pogonarthria squarrosa dense bush savanna

3.1.2 Colophospermum mopane - Tricholaena monachne moderate tree savanna

3.1.3 Colophospermum mopane - Acacia gerrardii dense bush savanna

3.1.4 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides moderate tree savanna

3.2 Combretum apiculatum - Terminalia sericea association

3.2.1 Terminalia sericea Combretum zeyheri dense bush savanna a) Strychnos madagascariensis variant b) Sclerocarya birrea variant

3.2.2 Terminalia sericea Eragrostis gummiflua moderate tree savanna

3.2.3 Terminalia sericea Brachiaria nigropedata moderate tree savanna

3.3 Combretum apiculatum Acacia nigrescens association

3.3.1 Acacia nigrescens Commiphora mollis dense tree savanna

3.3.2 Acacia nigrescens Grewia bicolor moderate bush savanna

3.3.3 Acacia nigrescens - Themeda triandra moderate tree savanna

4 Gabbro complex

4.1 Acacia nigrescens Chloris virgata open shrub savanna a) Sporobolus nitens variant b) Schmidtia pappophoroides variant

4.2 Acacia nigrescens Colophospermum mopane dense shrub savanna a) Sclerocarya birrea variant b)

Acacia nigrescens variant

4.3 Acacia nigrescens Sclerocarya birrea moderate tree savanna

a) Acacia tortilis variant b) Heteropogon contortus variant c) Bothriochloa radicans variant

5 River- and creek vegetation

6 Vegetation of rocky outcrops

7 Vegetation of floodplains

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Punda Milia-Pafuri-Wambiya, Kruger National Park, South Africa

N. van Rooyen

1978

M.Sc. dissertation, Botany Department, University of Pretoria

1.

Journal of South African Botany (1981) 47(2): 213-246

2. Journal of South African Botany (1981) 47(3): 405-449

3. Journal of South African Botany (1981) 47(4): 585-626

Communities

Higrophilous communities (publication 1)

1 Lonchocarpus capassa - Panicum meyerianum tree savanna

1.1 Acacia borleae - Ischaemum afrum shrub thicket

1.2 Combretum imberbe - Fuirena pubescens open tree savanna

1.3 Acacia albida - Ficus sycomorus riverine forest

1.4 Acacia xanthophloea - Panicum meyerianum open tree savanna

2 Pan communities

Sandveld communities (publication 2)

1 Terminalia sericea - Pteleopsis myrtifoUa tree savanna

1.1 Burkea africana - Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia tree savanna

1.2 Baphia massaiensis - Guibourtia conjugata thicket

1.3 Xeroderris stuhlmannii - Combretum apiculatum tree savanna

1.4 Terminalia sericea - Pogonarthria squarrosa tree savanna

2 Croton gratissimus - Phyllanthus reticulatus tree savanna

2.1 Kirkia acuminata - AfteUa quanzensis - Combretum apiculatum tree savanna

2.2 Androstachys johnsonii - Croton pseudopulchellus dry forest

3 Rocky Outcrop community

4 Diabase community

Colophospermum mopane communities

(publication 3)

1 Colophospermum mopane - Euclea divinorum tree savanna

1.1 Colophospermum mopane - Acacia tortilis - Urochloa mosambicensis tree savanna

1.2 Colophospermum mopane - Euclea divinorum - Enteropogon macrostachyus tall tree savanna

1.3 Colophospermum mopane - Commiphora glandulosa - Seddera capensis open tree savanna

2 Colophospermum mopane - Dalbergia melanoxylon Heteropogon contortus shrub savanna

2.1 Colophospermum mopane Enneapogon scoparius

shrub savanna

2.2 Colophospermum mopane - Themeda triandra shrub savanna

3 Colophospermum mopane - Combretum apiculatum Digitaria eriantha open tree savanna

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Kruger National Park, South Africa

W.P.D. Gertenbach

1983

Research project

Koedoe

26: 9-121

The communities listed below are landscapes of the Kruger National Park, rather than plant communities. Although a landscape comprises several plant communities, they are listed below for possible future reference. All landscapes in which

Colophospermum mopane

occurs are listed below.

Communities:

1

Combretum

spp.!

Colophospermum mopane

woodland of the Timbavati area (landscape no. 6)

2 Olifants River rugged veld (landscape no. 1)

3 Phalaborwa sandveld (landscape no. 8)

4 Colophospermum mopane

savanna on basic soils (landscape no. 9)

5 Letaba River rugged veld (landscape no. 10)

6 Tsende sandveld (landscape no. 11)

7 Colophospermum mopane / Acacia nigrescens savanna (landscape no. 12)

8 C%phospermum mopane forest (landscape no. 15)

9 Thornveld on gabbro (landscape no. 19)

10

Combretum spp. ! C%phospermum mopane rugged veld (landscape no. 22)

11 C%phospermum mopane shrubveld on basalt (landscape no. 23)

12 C%phospermum mopane shrubveld on gabbro (landscape no 24)

13 Adansonia digitata / Colophospermum mopane rugged veld (landscape no. 25)

14 Colophospermum mopane shrubveld on calcrete (landscape no. 26)

15 Mixed Combretum spp.! Colophospermum mopane woodland (landscape no. 27)

16

Limpopo! Levubu floodplains (landscape no.

28)

17 Pterocarpus rotundifolius / Combretum collinum woodland

(landscape no. 33)

18 Punda Maria sandveld on Waterberg Sandtone (landscape no. 34)

19 Salvadora angustifolia floodplains (landscape no. 35)

Study area:

Author:

Letaba Ranch, Northern Province, South Africa

RB.

Swart

Year of study:

Study

type:

1995

M.Sc. dissertation, Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria

Reference

Communities

No publications

1 Colophospermum mopane - Combretum apiculatum dense bush savanna

1.1 Dalbergia me/anoxy/on - Eragrostis curvula sub-community

1.1.1 Aristida bipartita Fingerhuthia africana variant

1.1.2 Grewia flavescens - Grewia monticola variant

1.1.3 Albizia harvey; Maerua parvifolia variant

1.1.4 Ximenia americana - Cyperus rupestris variant

1.1.5 Lannea schweinfurthii - Dicoma tomentosa variant

1.2 Microchloa cajJra - Kyphocarpa angustifolia sub-community

2 Panicum maximum Dactylocten;um giganteum river thicket

2.1 Croton megalobotrys - Nuxia oppositifolia sub-community

2.2 Acacia tortilis Eragrostis lehmanniana sub-community

3 Eragrostis rigidior Tricholaena monachne open grassland

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Foskor mine, Northern Province, South Africa

N.G. Beck

1998

B.Sc.(Hons.) dissertation, Centre for Wildlife Management, University of

Pretoria

No publications

Reference

Communities

Rhoda

1. Colophospermum mopane Combretum apiculatum low closed woodland community

1.1 Colophospermum mopane Eragrostis rigidior low open woodland sub-community

1.2 Colophospermum mopane Burkea africana high closed woodland sub-community

2 Grewia bicolor- Colophospermum mopane tall closed shrubland community

3 Croton megalobotrys - Cassia abbreviata short closed woodland community

Shiela/Loole

1 Combretum apiculatum Barleria pretoriensis tall closed shrubland community

2 Colophospermum mopane Combretum apiculatum low closed woodland community

2.1 Colophospermum mopane - Cleome angustifolia low open woodland sub-community

2.2 Colophospermum mopane - Boscia albitrunca low closed woodland sub-community

2.3 Colophospermum mopane Euclea divinorum tall open shrublandsub-community

3 Croton megalobotrys Lonchocarpus capassa tall closed woodlandcommunity

Cleveland

1

Croton megalobotrys - Lonchocarpus capassa short closed woodland community

2 Combretum hereroense Themeda triandra high open shrubland community

3 Colophospermum mopane Sansevieria hyacinthoides low closed woodland community

4 Combretum apiculatum - Grewia monticola tall closed shrub land community

Study area:

Authors:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Pylkop Nature Reserve, Northern Province, South Africa

G. Parker

&

L. Kelly

1996

B.Sc.(Hons.) dissertation, Centre for Wildlife Management, University of

Pretoria

No publications

Communities

1

Croton gratissimus Euphorbia coo peri

open rocky hill

2 Terminalia sericea - Digitaria eriantha short closed woodland

2.1 Terminalia sericea - Elephantorrhiza elephantina short closed woodland

2.2 Terminalia sericea - Balanites maughamii short closed woodland

2.3 Terminalia sericea Sclerocarya birrea

short closed woodland

2.4 Digitaria eriantha - Colophospermum mopane short closed woodland

3 Thesium utile - Dichrostchys cinerea low closed woodland

4 Colophospermum mopane - Combretum apiculatum low closed woodland

4.1 Colophospermum mopane - Aristida congesta low closed woodland

4.2 Colophospermum mopane - Dicoma anomala low closed woodland

4.3 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides low closed woodland

5 Albizia brevi/olia Combretum apiculatum

short closed woodland

6 Enneapogon scoparius Enneapogon cenchroides

low closed woodland

7

Brachiaria eruciformis - Acacia mellifera low closed woodland

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Messina Experimental Farm, Northern Province, South Africa

B. Dekker

Study type:

Reference

1996

M.Sc. dissertation, Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria

South African Journal of Botany

(1995) 61 (3): 158-167

Communities

1 Hyphaene coriacea - Eragrostis rotifer short sparse woodland

2 Monechma divaricatum - Colophospermum mopane low forest

3 Commiphora pyracanthoides - Aristida congesta low open woodland

4 Mariscus rehmannianus - Colophospermum mopane low closed woodland

5 Kirkia acuminata - Enneapogon cenchroides short closed woodland

6 Blepharis diversispina Combretum apiculatum

low closed woodland

6.1 Tinnea rhodesiana

variant

6.2 Abutilon austro-africanum

variant

7 Tricholaena monachne - Commiphora tenuipetiolata low thicket

8 Ficus tettensis - Aristida meridionalis tall closed woodland

Study area: Honnet Nature Reserve, Tshipise, Northern Province, South Africa

N. Visser

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

1995

B.Sc.(Hons) dissertation, Centre for Wildlife Management, University of

Pretoria

Koedoe (1996) 39(1): 25-42

Reference

Communities

1 Sclerocarya birrea - Panicum coloratum high closed woodland

2 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides high open woodland

2.1 Colophospermum mopane - Canthium giljillanii high open woodland

2.2 Colophospermum mopane - Grewia vil/osa low closed woodland

3 Sesamothamnus lugardii - Catophractes alexandri low open woodland

4 Boscia /oetida - Canthium giljillanii low sparse shrubland

5 Acacia nilotica - Terminalia prunioides low open woodland

6 Acacia senegal - Ehretia amoena low open woodland

7 Commiphora glandulosa - Gardenia resinifolia low closed woodland

8

Grewia hexamita - Melinis repens low open woodland

8.1 Grewia hexamita - Commelina africana low open woodland

8.2 Grewia hexamita - Croton gratissimus low open woodland

9 Commiphora mollis - Digitaria eriantha low open woodland

10 Acacia tortilis - Indigo/era melanadenia low open woodland

11

Heliotropium ciliatum - Tribulus terrestris open forbland

12 Acacia borleae - Cyathula lanceolata low closed woodland

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Mopaneveld north of the Soutpansberg, Northern Province, South Africa

A.J. Louw

1970

D.Sc. thesis, Department of Forage Science, University of Pretoria

No publications

A non-quantitative study contributed to the identification of the communities listed below. Only the woody component were considered.

Communities

Colophospermum - Combretum Commiphora community

2 Colophospermum - Boscia rehmanniana community

3 Colophospermum - Commiphora - Terminalia prunioides community

4 Commiphora - Terminalia - Colophospermum community

5 Acacia Salvadora - Boscia rehmanniana community

6 Colophospermum - Grewiajlava Terminalia sericea community

7 Commiphora - Terminalia prunioides community

8 Semi-hygrophilous community along rivers and streams

9 Communities at the foot hills of granitic boulders and in ravines

Study area:

Author:

Timbavati Private Nature Reserve

R.N. Porter

Year of study: 1970

Study type: Research report

Reference No publications

Special note: A non-quantitative study contributed to the identification of the communities listed below. Physionomy was used to classifY communities

Communities

1 Combretum apiculatum I Sclerocarya caffra I Acacia nigrescens savanna woodland

2 Combretum zeyheri I Pterocarpus angolensis I Terminalia sericea

savanna woodland

3 Acacia nigrescens

open woodland

4 Colophospermum mopane

savanna woodland

5 Riparian forest and hydrophylous communities

6 Ecotonal vegetation types

6.1 Combretum zeyheri / Combretum apiculatum / Sclerocarya caffra / Acacia nigrescens savanna woodland

6.2 Acacia nigrescens I Combretum zeyheri I Colophospermum mopane

savanna woodland

6.3 Colophospermum mopane I Sclerocarya caffra I Combretum apiculatum

savanna woodland

7 Termitarial plant associations

8 Themeda triandra grassland

Botswana

Vegetation classification studies in Botswana are very scarce. Records of vegetation classification are mainly found in vegetation maps (Appendix 2). The study of Bonyongo (1999) includes vegetation classification, but only of the seasonal floodplains in the Okavango Delta,

Botswana. Biggs (1979) studied the ecology of Chiefs Island in the Okavango Delta. Only a very small percentage of Mopaneveld vegetation is covered by drylands in the Okavango delta.

Communities are listed below.

Study area:

Author:

Year

of

study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Chiefs Island, Okavango Delta, Botswana

R.C. Biggs

1979

M.Sc. dissertation, Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria

No publications known of

Only a small patch ofMopaneveld covers the study area. Only marginal and dryland vegetation types also listed

Communities

MARGINAL VEGETATION TYPES

1 Acacia nigrescens - Croton megalobotrys woodland and savanna woodland

2 Hyphaene ventricosa - Croton megalobotrys palm woodland and palm savanna woodland

3 Combretum imberbe - Croton megalobotrys woodland and savanna woodland

DRYLAND VEGETATION TYPES

1 Acacia tortilis savanna woodland

2 Acacia erioloba

woodland and savanna woodland

3 Terminalia sericea - Combretum collinum savanna woodland and scrub

4 Colophospermum mopane

woodland and pyrophytic scrub savanna

5 Grewia

spp. - Croton megalobotrys scrub savanna

Zimbabwe

Vegetation classification in Zimbabwe is more developed than in other countries hosting

Mopaneveld. The studies are however mostly vegetation descriptions based on the woody species. These studies were not included for a phytosociological synthesis since they do not follow the criteria stated in Chapter 4. Communities described during these studies are however listed below.

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe

C.M.L. Rogers

1993

A report prepared for the Department of National Parks and Wild Life

Management, Zimbabwe

Published report

Identification of plant communities (listed below) is based only on the woody component. Braun-Blanquet procedures were followed.

Communities

NON-KALAHARI SAND VEGETATION TYPES

Woodland thicket types on Lower to Upper Karoo sediments

1 Combretum - Boscia angustifolia open scrub and thicket on Lower Karoo sandstone

2 Colophospermum mopane - Acacia woodland adjacent to riverine vegetation

3 Colophospermum mopane - Commiphora marlothii mixed woodland on scree slopes

Mixed bushland, thicket and woodland on Basement Complex formations

4 Castle kopje mixed woodland and thicket

5 Colophospermum mopane - Julbernardia - Combretum wooded bushland

6 Combretum - Baphia thicket

Colophospermum mopane woodland and thicket on granitic gneiss and Madumabisa mudstones

7 Colophospermum mopane - Combretum woodland on Basement complex

8 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia pruniodes woodland on Madumabisa mudstones

9 Colophospermum mopane - Combretum elaeagnoides thicket on Basement complex

Colophospermum mopane - Combretum imberbe woodland to bushed grassland in

seasonally inundated areas

10 Riverine vegetation with Diospyros mespilijormis and Combretum mossambicense

11

Colophospermum mopane - Acacia - Combretum grassland to woodland in seasonally inundated areas

Colophospermum mopane bushed grassland to woodland on the watershed, on Basalt and

Karoo formations

12 Colophospermum mopane - Combretum hereroense bushed grassland to bushland on the watershed

13 Colophospermum mopane - Combretum bushland on basalt

14 Colophospermum mopane bushland on basalt

15 Colophospermum mopane - Vepris zambesiaca woodland on Madumabisa mudstones

16 Colophospermum mopane - Acacia - Grewia bieolor stunted woodland in the Dzivanini area

KALAHARI SAND VEGETATION TYPES

Combretum imberbe bushed grassland of periodically waterlogged soils

17 Colophospermum mopane woodland - Combretum bushed grassland mosaic on ecotone

Kalahari sands

18 Acacia - Boscia albitrunca - Colophospermum mopane bushed grassland in interdune troughs

19 Combretum hereroense - Hyphaene bushed grassland on calcrete

Acacia - Baikiaea bushland and woodland on Kalahari sands

20 Acacia - Mundulea serieea bushland

21 Terminalia sericea - Lonchocarpus nelsii bushland

22 Colophospermum mopane - Combretum apiculatum bushland

23 Baikea - Combretum woodland thicket on fossil sand dune crests

Terminalia - Combretum bushland

24 Terminalia serieea - Acacia erioloba bushland

25 Terminalia serieea - Baikiaea plurijuga bushland

Baikiaea plurijuga woodland and bushland on deep Kalahari sands

26 Burkea africana - Pterocarpus angolensis bushland and woodland

27 Baikiaea plurijuga - Guibourtia coleosperma woodland

28 Baikiaea plurijuga - Croton gratissimus woodland

Ecotone Baikiaea plurijuga woodland and thicket on red Kalahari sands

29 Ecotone Baikiaea plurijuga - Commihora mossambicensis woodland and thicket

Burkea a{ricana hushland su"ounding calcrete areas

30 Burkea africana - Terminalia brachystemma bushland

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Upper Save catchment, Zimbabwe

RM.

Campbell & R.F. du Toit

1994

Research project

Kirkia (1994) 15(1): 10-32

Identification of plant communities (listed below) is based only on the woody component. Braun-Blanquet procedures were followed.

Communities

1 Brachystegia glaucescens community

2 Kirkia acuminata community

3 Combretum apiculatum - Acacia nigrescens community

4 Colophospermum mopane community

5 Julbernardia globiflora community

5.1 Terminalia stenostachya - Commiphora mollis sub-community

5.2 Brachystegia boehmii sub-community

5.3 Julbernardia globiflora sub-community

6 Riverine community

7

Acacia nilotica - Combretum adenogonium

7.1 Bridelia cathartica sub-community

7.2 Acacia nilotica sub-community

8 Terminalia sericea - Dalbergiella nyasae community

9 Bauhinia thonningii - Sclerocarya birrea community

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Nyahungwe area on the Lundi River, Gonarezhou National Park,

Zimbabwe

T.G. O'Connor

&

B.M. Campbell

1986

Research project

S. Afr.

J.

Bot. (1986) 52(2): 117-123

Identification of plant communities (listed below) is based only on the woody component.

Communities

1 Mixed shrub woodland

2 Colophospermum mopane and mixed shrub woodland

3 Colophospermum mopane - Markhamia acuminata woodland

4 Colophospermum mopane - Spirostachys africana woodland

5 Colophospermum mopane woodland

6 Open riverine woodland

7 Guibourtia conjugata woodland

8 Riverine woodland

9 Riverine shrub woodland

10 Dune grassland

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Communal lands - North and West Zimbabwe

J.R. Timberlake, N. Nobanda &

I.

Mapaure

1993

Research project

Kirkia (1993) 14(2): 171-270

Identification of plant communities (listed below) is based only on the woody component. Braun-Blanquet procedures were followed.

Communities

RIPARIAN FORESTS AND ALLUVIAL WOODLANDS

1 Dense woodland on alluvium/colluvium

2 Mixed riparian woodland

3 Faidherbia riparian woodland

4

Syzygium riverine woodland

DRY FORESTS AND THICKETS

1 Terminalia brachystemma bushed woodland

2 Xylia dry forest

3 Combretum woodland thicket on colluvium

& sandstone

4 Guibourtia conjugata wooded thicket

5 Baikiaea woodland thicket on Kalahari sand

6 Baikiaea woodland on Kalahari sand

7 Baikiaea - Acacia bushed woodland on Kalahari dunes

MJOMBO WOODLAND

1 Brachystegia spiciformis Baikiaea woodland on Kalahari sand

2

Brachystegia spiciformis B. boehmii woodland on sand

3

Brachystegia boehmii -Julbernardia - Pterocarpus angolensis open woodland on sandstone plateaux

4 Brachystegia boehmii - Julbernardia woodland on shallow soils

5 Brachystegia - Julbernardia woodland on granite

6 Brachystegia glaucescens woodland on hills

7 Brachystegia allenii woodland

8 Mixed woodland on Zambezi escarpment

MIOMB().MoPANE WOODLANDS

1 Brachystegia boehmii Colophospermum woodland catena

2 Julbernardia Colophospermum woodland catena

3

Combretum - Colophospermum open woodland mosaic

4 Colophospermum Diospyros kirkii open woodland on shallow soils

5 Colophospermum Brachystegia allenii woodland mosaic

MOPANE WOODLANDS

1 Colophospermum woodland on skeletal soils

2

Colophospermum Terminalia stuhlmannii woodland

3 Colophospermum woodland (single dominance)

COMBRETACEAE OPEN WOODLANDS

1 Combretum collinum open woodland on sand

2 Mixed dry woodland mosaic on granite

ACAGA OPEN WOODLANDS

1

Acacia open woodland on goldbelt soils

GRASSLANDS

1

Parinari wooded grassland

2 Cynodon - Eragrostis grassland on sand

3 Cynodon - Sporobolus grassland in granite vleis

4 Panicum repens lakeshore grassland

5 Andropogon grassland on serpentine

6 Grassland on basalt soils

7 Setaria grassland on clay

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Eastern Mid-Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe

IR.

Timberlake

& 1.

Mapaure

1992

Research project

Reference

Special note:

Transactions of the Zimbabwe Scientific Association (1992) 66: 1-14

Identification of plant communities (listed below) is based only on the woody component. Braun-Blanquet procedures were followed.

Communities

1 Xylia torreana dry forest and thicket

2 Dense woodland to woodland thicket on old alluvium

3 Terminalia brachystemma bushed woodland

4 Woodland or bushland fallows on alluvium/colluvium

5 Alluvial floodplains and riverine woodland

6 Mopane woodland on deeper soils

7 Mopane Terminalia stuhlmannii woodland

8 Mopane Combretum apiculatum woodland on shallow soils

9 Mopane Combretum apiculatum - lulbernardia woodland

10 Brachystegia allenii - mopane woodland on colluvium

11 Escarpment woodlands

12 Brachystegia allenii B. boehmii woodland on gneiss

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Sango Ranch, Save Vallye, Zimbabwe

C.l Hin

1999

M.Sc. dissertation (completed 2000)

Reference

No publications

Communities

1 Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha - Urochloa mosambicensis closed woodland

1.1 Tephrosia purpurea subsp. leptostachya Urochloa mosambicensis short closed woodland

1.2 Dichrostachys cinerea subsp. africana - Urochloa mosambicensis short closed woodland

1.3 Capparis tomentosa - Urochloa mosambicensis tall closed woodland

1.4 Sporobolus nitens - Urochloa mosambicensis short closed woodland

2 Colophospermum mopane - Brachiaria deflexa short thicket /I short closed woodland

2.1 Commiphora edulis - Colophospermum mopane short thicket

2.2 Indigofera praticola - Colophospermum mopane short closed woodland

2.3 Thilachium qfricanum - Colophospermum mopane short thicket

2.4 Ruellia patula - Colophospermum mopane tall closed woodland

3 Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum Colophospermum mopane short closed woodland

4 Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum Digitaria milanjiana tall closed woodland

4.1 Dalbergia melanoxylon - Combretum apiculatum subsp. apiculatum short closed woodland

4.2 Commiphora africana Digitaria milanjiana tall closed woodland

4.3 Kirkia acuminata - Panicum maximum tall closed woodland

5 Millettia usumarensis subsp. australis Brachiaria deflexa short koppie thicket

6 Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha Panicum maximum tall closed woodland

7

Dalbergia arbutifolia - Diospyros mespiliformes high riverine forest

7.1 Strychnos potatorum Panicum maximum high closed woodland

II

short thicket

7.2 Albizia glaberrima var. glabrescens Panicum maximum high forest

7.3 Faidherbia albida - Eriochloa meyeriana tall closed woodland sub-community

8 Phragmites mauritianus tall closed reed beds

9 Echinochloa colona - Cyperus digitatus subsp. auricomus tall open wetland

9.1 Paspalidium obtusifolium - Echinochloa colona tall closed woodland

9.2 Acacia xanthophloea - Echinochloa colona tall closed woodland

Zambia

Little vegetation classification studies exist in the Zambian Mopaneveld. The existence of vegetation classification studies are however not denied, but if they were undertaken, they are not easy accessible. Fanshawe (1969) however gave a description of the vegetation of Zambia.

It is published in the Forest Research Bulletin (No.7) in 1969. Colophospermum mopane dominates the woodland vegetation type in Zambia. The description of the types are however to broad to include for the purpose of this study.

Malawi

Malawi contains only a small percentage of Mopaneveld vegetation types. Some of these

Mopaneveld vegetation types are covered in vegetation classification attempts.

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Communities

MOPANE WOODLAND COMPLEX

Mopane woodland

Open mopane woodland

Mopane clump savanna

Mopane woodland/thickets

Liwonde National Park, Malawi

C.O. Dudley

1994

The flora ofLiwonde National Park

In: Seyani, J.H. & A.C. Chikuni (eds). Proceedings of the XIIIth plenary meeting of Aetfat, Malawi. Zomba, Malawi. Pp 1485-1509

MIXED WOODLANDS

TALL GRASS TREE SAVANNA

RIVERINE SEMI-DECIDUOUS FOREST/THICKET

DROUGHT DECIDUOUS FOREST/THICKET

Mozambique

No vegetation classification study could be found in the Mopaneveld of Mozambique, emphasizing the need for detail vegetation classification for this area. The existence of vegetation studies are however not denied.

Angola

Angola hosts the highest cover of Mopaneveld vegetation. Due to political unstability in the country, vegetation classification studies are limited. Vegetation classification for a vegetation map contributed to vegetation knowledge in Angola. These types are listed under Appendix 2.

Namibia

The vegetation of Namibian Mopaneveld is well sampled in relation to other countries hosting this extensive veld type. Many of the vegetation studies were prepared for agricultural purposes and were compiled in reports rather than publications. They however contribute to the vegetation knowledge of Namibian Mopaneveld and are listed below.

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Kaokoland, Northern Damaraland, Owambo, Etosha and north-western

South West

Rl. de S. Correia

1976

Unpublished report

No publication

Seventeen main vegetation types are identified and described by the author. Unknown method of classification. All 17 are listed below.

Communities

KALAHARI TYPE VEGETATION

I Tree/shrub savanna of

Terminalia sericea

and

Acacia girajJae

2 Tree/shrub savanna of Baikaea plurifuga

3 Baikaea plurijuga / Colophospermum mopane savanna

4 Colophospermum mopane and other tree species except for Baikaea plurijuga

5 Mosaic of:

5.1 Terminalia sericea

savanna on yellow Kalahari sands

5.2 Colophospermum / Cathophractes / Terminalia prunioides / Combretum apiculatum /

Combretum imberbe

shrub savanna on greyish psammitic soils

5.3 Patches of Sesamothamnus guerichii on calcareous soil

6 Colophospermum / Combretum / Terminalia sericea savanna in the "oshanas" of Ow ambo

7 Colophospermum mopane / Combretum mechowianum savanna with pans and vleis

TRANSITIONAL TYPES

8 Dwarf savanna on sheet calcrete

9 Mosaic of:

9.1 Tree Colophospermum / Spirostachys savanna

9.2 Grassveld

9.3 Shrubveld

9.4 Dwarf savanna on rocky mountains

10 Colophospermum mopane / Terminalia prunioides / Acacia spp. savanna with Terminalia

sericea, Lonchocarpus nelsii, Combretum apiculatum, Combretum imberbe

and Kirkia

acuminata

11 Acacia giraffae

savanna

N,4.WIB AND PRE-NAMIB TYPES

12 Colophospermum mopane / Terminalia prunioides savanna

13 Sub-desert steppe to very dry dwarf savanna of Colophospermum mopane and Terminalia

prunioides

14 Escarpment area with rocky hills, surrounding flats. The rocky hills supporting a dwarf shrubby desertic steppe and the flats are covered by grasses

15 Desert grassveld alternating with hills and gravelled flats of dwarf desertic steppe

16 Desert dwarf steppe on gravelled flat or undulated surfaces

17 Sandy dunes

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Etosha National Park, Namibia

E. Joubert

1971

Research project

Madoqua

1 (4): 5-32

A more detailed Braun-Blanquet vegetation classification (Le Roux

1980) followed this classification by Joubert.

Communities 1 Tree savanna on sand

1.1 Colophospermum mopane

tree savanna on granitic sand

2 Tree and shrub savanna on Kalahari-like sand, granitic sand and alkaline soils

2.1 Colophospermum mopane - Acacia reficiens - Terminalia

prunioides

association

2.2 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides Combretum apiculatum association

2.3

Combretum apiculatum - Colophospermum mopane association

3 Shrub savanna on calcrete rubble and alkaline soils

3.1 Colophospermum mopane Catophractes alexandri

shrub savanna

3.2 Catophractes alexandri - Acacia nebrownii association

3.3 Sesamothamnus guerichii

association

4 Valley community on alluvial soils

5

Commiphora - Sterculia association on rocky outcrops

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Etosha National Park, Namibia

C.J:G. Le Roux

1980

D.Sc. thesis, Department of Plant Production, University of Pretoria

S.

Afr. J. Bot.

54(1): 1-10

Le Roux did not name the communities according to plant speCIes names.

It is rather a list of mapping units. Detail on the vegetation of these communities (mapping units?) can be seen in the pUblication.

Communities

TALL GRASSVELD COMMUNITIES

1 Sweet grassveld on lime

2 Adoniveld

3 Okondeka duneveld

4 Poacher's peninsula

5 Ekurna grasslands

6 Omuramba onaiso

7 Karstveld turf pans

KARST BUSHVELD AND FOREST

8 Mopane treeveld

9 Colophospermum mopane / Combretum apiculatum / Terminalia prunioides bushveld

10 Dungaries vegetation mapping unit

11 Marble hillocks

12 Thai-Tkab woodlands

13 Marula associations

14 Terminalia prunioides / Spirostachys africana forest

15 Dolomite inselbergs

SAND VELD AREAS

16 Sandy shrub Mopaneveld

17 Paradys vegetation mapping unit

18 Sandy Terminalia / Acacia shrubveld

19 Southeastern sandy bushveld

20 Northeastern sandveld

SHRUB MOPANE ON LOAMY SOILS

21 Nineteenth latitude shrub Mopaneveld

22 Narawandu shrub Mopaneveld

23 Ekurna woodlands

24 Shrub mopane on Estcourt form soils

KAOKOLAND

25 Acacia reficiens / Colophospermum mopane / Terminalia prunioides thorn scrub

26 Colophospermum mopane / Combretum apiculatum I Sesamothamnus guerichii bushveld

27 Otjovasandu hilly mopane savanna

28 Kaross granitic Mopaneveld

29 Kowares sandy mopane shrubveld

30 Renostervlei mopane

I Combretum hereroense / Sesamothamnus

guerichii shrubveld

BOITOMLANDS

31 Saline and/or depressed areas

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Northern Regions, Namibia

C. Hines

&

A. Burke

1997

Report for the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development,

Republic of Namibia

No publications

Classification of the vegetation of the northern regions is based on vegetation maps. Communities, as been reassessed, are listed below

Communities

VEGETATION UNITS OF THE KABBE AREA

1 Associations on Kalahari sands and reworked fluvial deposits

1.1 Combretum - Terminalia - Burkea tall closed woodland

1.2 Colophospermum mopane tall closed woodland

1.3 Terminalia sericea - Eragrostis pallens short open/closed woodland

1.4 Ephemeral pan short closed grasslands

2 Associations ofthe Kalahari-Floodplain transition

2.1 Acacia nigrescens - Lonchocarpus capassa high closed woodland

2.2 Combretum imberbe Terminalia sericea

tall open woodland

3 Associations of the floodplain areas

3.1 Perennial swamps

3.2 Paspalum scrobiculatum short closed grasslands

3.3 Cynodon dactylon short closed grasslands

3.4 Vertiveria nigritana - Cymbopogon sp. tall closed grasslands

3.5 Diospyros mespiliformis - Piliostigma thonningii high closed woodlands

VEGETATION UNITS OF THE OKATJALI - EKUMA AREA

1 Hyphaene ventricosa - Sclerocarya birrea high open/sparse woodland

2 Sporobolus - Brachiaria - Eragrostis tall closed grasslands

3 Odyssea - Schmidtia short closed grasslands

4 Pan margin sedge and grasslands

Study area:

Author:

Year of study:

Study type:

Reference

Special note:

Kaokoland, North-West Namibia

T. Becker & N. JUrgens

2000

Research project

Phytocoenologia

30(3-4): 543-565

Communities described in this study are identified along three transects of climate gradients.

Communities

NORTHERN TRANSECT

(Opuwo Etanga - Skeleton Coast Park)

I Ephemeral grassland and Colophospermum mopane savanna

1 Stipagrostis uniplumis grassland

2 Commiphora wi/dIU - Stipagrostis hirtigluma grassland

3 Stipagrostis hirtigluma - Calicorema capitata grassland

4 Colophospermum mopane - Enneapogon desvauxii savanna

5 Colophospermum mopane - Tribulus zeyheri savanna

6 Colophospermum mopane - Stipagrostis hirtigluma - Stipagrostfs uniplumis savanna

7 Colophospermum mopane - Stipagrostis uniplumis savanna

II Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides savanna

8 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Curroria decidua savanna

9 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Stipagrostis hirtigluma savanna

10 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides savanna

11

Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Stipagrostis uniplumis savanna

IIa

Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides Combretum apiculatum savanna

12

Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides Combretum apiculatum savanna

13 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides Combretum apiculatum - Tribulus

zeyheri savanna

14 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Combretum apiculatum Geigeria

acaulis savanna

15 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Combretum apiculatum Barleria

senensis Indigo/era sp. savanna

16 Colophospermum mopane Terminalia prunioides - Combretum apiculatum - Euphorbia

damarana savanna

MIDDLE TRANSECT

(Opuwo - Orupembe Skeleton Coast Park)

I

Ephemeral grassland

1 Calicorema capitata - Euphorbia damarana grassland

2 Zygophyllum stapfii Stipagrostis namaquensis grassland

3 Stipagostis hirtigluma grassland

4 Phaeoptilum spinosum

~

Curroria decidua grassland

II

Colophospermum mopane

~

Terminalia prunioides savanna

IIa Species poor

Colophospermum mopane Terminalia prunioides savanna

5 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides savanna

6 Colophospermum mopane Terminalia prunioides - Stipagrostis hirtigluma savanna

7

Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides Amphiasma merenskianum

Heliotropium hereroense savanna lib

Species rich Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides

8 Colophospermum mopane Terminalia prunioides - Ceraria longipedunculata -

Hermannia gariepina savanna

9 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Grewia flavescens Ximenia

americana savanna

10 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Fingerhuthia cifricana savanna

11

Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Lindernia clavata savanna

12 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Commiphora anacardifolia savanna

13 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Dicoma tomentosa - Stipagrostis

uniplumis savanna

14 Colophospermum mopane Terminalia prunioides - Acacia spp. savanna

15 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Catophractes alexandri savanna

16 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Catophractes alexandri - Petalidium

rossmannianum savanna

III Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Combretum apiculatum savanna

17

Colophsopermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides - Combretum apiculatum savanna

SOUTHERN TRANSECT

(Warmquelle - Puros - Skeleton Coast Park)

I Ephemeral grassland and

Colophospermum mopane

savanna

1

Stipagrostis uniplumis - Cleome foliosa - Giselda qfricana grassland

2 Stipagrostis hirtigluma

grassland

3 Stipagrostis uniplumis - Calicorema capitata grassland

4 Colophospermum mopane Stipagrostis uniplumis

savanna

5 Colophospermum mopane

savanna

6 Colophospermum mopane - Salvadora persica Stipagrostis

hirtigluma

savanna

II

Acacia

spp. savanna

7 Acacia erioloba - Salvadora persica savanna

8 Acacia tortiUs - Zygophyllum simplex savanna

III

Commiphora

spp. savanna

9 Commiphora wildii Monechma genistifolia

savanna

10 Commiphora oblanceolata - Euphorbia damarana savanna

11

Commiphora virgata

savanna

IV

Colophospermum mopane Terminalia prunioides

savanna

12 Colophospermum mopane - Terminalia prunioides Catophractes alexandri savanna

APPENDIX 2

VEGETATION TYPES (MAPPING UNITS) IN THE SOUTHERN

AFRICAN MOPANEVELD

South Africa

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Veld Types of South Africa

1: 7 000000 lP .R. Acocks

Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa

28 (1953)

III

TROPICAL BUSH AND SAVANNA TYPES

Mopani Veld (Veld Type no. 15)

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation map of South

Afric~

Lesotho and Swaziland

1: 2 000 000

A.B. Low & A.G. Rebelo

A companion to the vegetation map of South

Afric~

Lesotho and

Swaziland (1998). Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism,

Pretoria

SAVANNA BlOME

Mopane Shrubveld (Vegetation Type no. 9)

Mopane Bushveld (Vegetation Type 10)

Botswana

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation of the Chobe River in

Northeast Botswana (1975)

No vegetation map. only descriptions on vegetation

C.D. Simpson

Kirkia

10: 185-227

Colophospermum

tree / bush savanna

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation map of South East Botswana (1980)

1: 500000

J. Timberlake

Unpublished Report

SANDVELD (TREE AND SHRUB SAVANNAS ON SAND)

Mopane shrub savanna on sand (type A4)

HARD VELD (WOODLAND AND TREE SA VANNA ON NON-SANDY SOILS)

Mopane woodland (type B2)

WOODLAND ON HILLS AND ROCKY OUTCROPS

Acacia nigrescens

hill woodland (type C2)

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation map of Botswana (1971)

P.R. Weare & A. Yalala

Botswana Notes and Records

3: 131-147

TREE SA VANNA

1 Tree and bush savanna with mopane (type 2c)

2 North-western tree savanna (type 2d)

3 Mopane bushveld (type 2j)

4 Mixed mopane bushveld (type 2k)

(i) Mopane closed tree savanna

(ii)

Mopane mixed tree savanna

(iii)

Mopane low tree savanna

(iv) Mopane thicket woodland

5 Mopane open tree savanna (type 21)

6 Mixed mopane tree and bush savanna (type 2m)

7 Ngamiland tree savanna (type 20)

CLOSE TREE SAVANNA ON ROCKY HILLS

CrotonlCombretum

association (type 3a)

RIPARIAN FOREST

Okavango fringe forest (type 8a)

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation map of the Flora Zambesiaca area

(1967)

1: 2 500 000

H. Wild

&

L.A.G Barbosa

Flora Zambesiaca supplement. Harare, Zimbabwe

WOODLAND AND SAVANNA WOODLAND

Dry early deciduous savanna woodland (low-land):

Colophospermum

(type 35)

TREE SAVANNA

1 Deciduous dry tree savanna

(in

Kalahari sand):

Baikiaea

Colophospermum - Burkea Dialium (type 38)

2 Dry deciduous tree savanna:

Colophospermum mopane (type 50)

SHRUB

SAVANNA

1 Dry early deciduous shrub savanna:

Colophospermum mopane -

Enneapogon - Aristida (type 61)

Zimbabwe

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation types of South em Rhodesia

No vegetation map, only description

A.S. Boughey

Proc. Trans. of Rhodesia Scientific Assoc.

49: 54-98

[Zone E (b)] The Colophospermum mopane catena type

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types of the Chewore - Angwa - Kanyemba area of the

Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe

(1993)

1: 100000

R.

Du Toit

Kirkia

14(1): 61-77

Vegetation types:

RIVERINE VEGETA110N

Vegetation in areas of diffuse drainage (type 1.3)

DRY DECIDUOUS FOREST AND WOODLAND WITH UNDERSTOREY

1

Kirkia Colophospermum

ridge vegetation (type 2.2)

2 Combretum Strychnos

woodland (type 2.3)

MOPANE COMMUNIl1ES

1 Extensive mopane communities (type 3.1)

2 Mopane communities on intercalated mudrock (type 3.2)

3 Mixed mopane woodland (type 3.3)

MIOMBO COMMUNITIES

1 Well-developed miombo woodland (type 4.1)

2 Julbernardia Colophospermum

woodland (type 4.2)

3 Miombo on intercalated sandstone (type 4.3)

4 Miombo on large sandstone hills (type 4.4)

5 Small tree savanna woodland (type 4.6)

TERMINAUA COMMUNIl1ES

1

Terminalia

mosaic (type 5.1)

2 Open

Terminalia Combretum - Colophospermum

community

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation of Southern Gokwe District, Rhodesia (1968)

1: 250000

J.A.K. Farrell

Kirkia

1

6(2): 249-257

Brachystegia boehmii Julbernardia globiflora

vegetation type

(type 3)

2 Colophospermum mopane

vegetation type (type 4)

3 Combretum apiculatum

vegetation type (type 6)

4 Terminalia randii

vegetation type (type 11)

Vegetation map / description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation of Southern the lower Sabi-Lundi Basin, Rhodesia

(1968)

1: 250 000

IA.K.

Kirkia

1

Farrell

6(2): 223-248

Kirlda acuminata and Commiphora mollis vegetation type (type

2 Colophospermum mopane vegetation type (type 6)

3 Combretum apiculatum vegetation type (type 8)

4 Spirostachys africana vegetation type (type

15)

5 Acacia nigrescens vegetation type (type 16)

5)

Vegetation map / description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation types of the Zambezi Valley, Rhodesia, between the Kariba and Mpata gorges

(1975)

No vegetation map, only description of types

P.R. Guy

Kirkia

10: 543-557

1

Colophospermum mopane woodland (type 1)

2 Mixed species woodland (type 4)

3 Acacia woodland savanna (type 9)

4 Colophospermum mopane - Acacia woodland-savanna (type 10)

5 Colophospermum mopane tree savanna (type 11)

6 Colophospermum mopane tree bush savanna (type 12)

7 Combretum - Terminalia Colophospermum mopane bush savanna

(type 14)

8 Colophospermum mopane scrub savanna (type 16)

Vegetation map / description of types:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation map of the federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

(1961)

1.M. Rattray & H. Wild

Kirkia

2: 94-104

WOODLANDS

1 Colophospermum mopane woodland (type

16)

SAVANNA

1

Burkea africana - Dialium engleranum Baikiaea

Colophospermum savanna (type 22)

2 Colophospermum mopane savanna (type 26)

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation types of southern Rhodesia (1962)

No vegetation map, only descriptions on vegetation types

1M.

Rattray

Kirkia

2: 68-93

WOODLANDS

1 Julbernardia globiflora types (type 2c)

2 Colophospermum mopane types (type 2h)

SAVANNAS

1 Woodland savannas

2 Tree savannas

2.l

Terminalia sericea types (type 3Bb)

2.2 Acacia spp. types - on deep sandy soils derived from sandstones of the Permian system in the Sabi Valley (type 3Bd6)

2.3 Colophospermum mopane types (type 3Be)

1. Colophospermum alone - Eragrostis (Kalahari, Permian)

2. Colophospermum - Brachystegia boehmii - Aristida (KaJahari)

3. Colophospermum - Acacia - Combretum - Cenchrus (Basalt)

4. Colophospermum - Commiphora - Adansonia - Aristida (annual)

(several soil types)

3 Treelbush savannas

3.1 Acacia types (type 3Ca)

3.2 Terminalia sericea type (type 3Cb)

3.3 Combretum spp. types (type 3Cc)

3.4 Colophospermum mopane types (type 3Cd)

1. Colophospermum - Pterocarpus - Aristida (Kalahari sand)

2. Colophospermum - Grewia - Sclerocarya - Kirkia - Eragrostis

(granite, paragneiss)

3. Colophospermum - Grewia - Acacia - Combretum - Cenchrus

(Basalt)

4. Colophospermum - Grewia - Commiphora - Aristida (annual)

(several soil types)

5. Colophospermum - Grewia - Eragrostis

4 Scrub savannas

4.1 Colophospermum types (type 30c)

(1) that occurring on deep cracking heavy clays on basalts and

Madumabisa shales

(2) that occurring on shallow stony basalt soils

(3) that on low-lying drainage areas subject to severe frosts

(4) that which has developed as a result of coppicing

BUSH LANDS OR THICKETS

1 Other secondary thickets (type 4g)

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation of the communal lands - North and West Zimbabwe (1993)

1: 500 000

1.R. Timberlake, N. Nobanda &

I.

Mapaure

Kirkia

14 (2): 171-270

RIPARIAN FORESTS AND ALLUVIAL WOODLANDS

1 Dense woodland to woodland and thicket on alluvium / colluvium

(type Bl)

1.1 Subtype A: well developed closed woddland to woodland thicket on heavier textured soils

2 Mixed riparian woodland (type B2)

2.1 Subtype A: closed to open woodland characterized by trees

2.2 Subtype B: woodland to open woodland

DRY FORESTSAND THICKETS

1

Terminalia brachystemma bushed woodland (type Cl)

2 Combretum woodland thicket on colluvium and sandstone (type C3)

2.1

Subtype A: well developed woodland thicket

2.2 SubtypeB: heterogeneous vegetation subtype ranging from woodland thicket to woodland

2.3 Subtype C: woodland thicket characterized by a usually well developed shrub layer

3 Baikiaea woodland on Kalahari sands (type C6)

3.1 Subtype B: open woodland

4 Baildaea - Acacia bushed woodland on sand dunes (type C7)

4.1 Subtype B: wooded grassland to shrubland

MIOMBO WOODLANDS

1 Brachystegia spiciformis -

B.

boehmii woodland on sand (type D2)

Subtype A: Brachystegia spiciformis woodland (Colophospermum

mopane only on termitaria)

1.2 Subtype B: Brachystegia boehmii woodland (Colophospermum

mopane only on termitaria)

2 Brachystegia boehmii - Julbernardia - Pterocarpus angolensis open woodland on sandtone plateaux (type D3)

2.1 Subtype A: open woodland (Colophospermum mopane only on termitaria)

3 Brachystegia boehmii - Julbernardia woodland on shallow soils (type

04)

3.1 Subtype B: woodland, mostly rather open (Colophospermum

mopane only on termitaria)

3.2 Subtype F: low woodland, mostly rather open (Colophospermum

mopane only on termitaria)

4 Brachystegia glaucescens woodland on hills (type06)

4.1 Subtype A: woodland to open woodland

MIOMBO - MOPANE WOODLANDS

1 Brachystegia boehmii - Colophospermum woodland catena (type El)

1.1 Subtype A: woodland to open woodland

1.2 Subtype B: woodland of alternating dominance by Brachystegia

boehmii, Julbernardia globiflora, Colophospermum mopane and

Kirlda acuminata

1.3 Subtype C: clumped woodland to woodland thicket on termitaria or

rocky outcrops surrounded by more open woodland

2 Julbernardia - Colophospermum woodland catena (type E2)

2.1 Subtype A: mosaic of open woodland, woodland to bushed woodland - alternating dominance of Julbernardia globiflora,

Pte leo psis anisoptera and Colophospermum mopane

2.2 Subtype B: woodland to open woodland

2.3 Subtype C: well developed woodland

3 Combretum - Colophospermum open woodland mosaic (type E3)

4 Colophospermum - Diospyros kirkii open woodland on shallow soils

(type E4)

4.1 Subtype A: open woodland, verging on wooded grassland on the shallowest soils

4.2 Subtype B: open woodland to wooded grassland characterized by small trees

S Colophospermum - Brachystegia allenii woodland mosaic (ES)

MOPANE WOODLANDS

1 Colophospermum woodland on skeletal soils (type Fl)

1.1 Subtype A: open woodland with alternating dominance of

Colophsopermum mopane and Kirkia acuminata with Acacia

nigrescens

1.2 Subtype B: mosaic of open woodland

2 Colophospermum - Terminalia stuhlmannii woodland (type F2)

3 Colophospermum woodland (single dominance)

3.1 Subtype A: uniform woodland characterized by single-species dominance of Colophospermum mopane

3.2 Subtype B: woodland with low abundances of other woody species

3.3 Subtype C: open woodland

3.4 Subtype D: single-species dominance woodland with a lower canopy

COMBRETACEAE OPEN WOODLANDS

1 Combretum collinum low open woodland on sand (type G 1)

2 Mixed dry woodland mosaic on granite (type G2)

ACACIA OPEN WOODLANDS

1 Acacia open woodland on Goldbelt soils (type HI)

1.1

Subtype A: open woodland

1.2 Subtype B: open woodland to woodland

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation in the Eastern Mid-Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe

1: 500000

J. Timberlake & I. Mapaure

Transactions of the Zimbabwe Scientific Association

66: 1-14

1

Dense woodland to woodland thicket on old alluvium (type

2)

2

Terminalia brachystemma bushed woodland (type

3)

3 Woodland or bushland fallows on alluvium

I

colluvium (type 4)

4 Mopane woodland on deeper soils (type 6)

5 Mopane - Terminalia stuhlmannii woodland (type 7)

6 Mopane -

Combretum apiculatum woodland on shallow soils

7

Mopane -

Combretum apiculatum - Julbernardia woodland (type

9)

8

Brachystegia allenii - mopane woodland on colluvium (type

10)

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation map of the Flora Zambesiaca area (1967)

1: 2

500000

H. Wild & L.AG Barbosa

Flora Zambesiaca supplement. Harare, Zimbabwe

WOODLAND AND SAVANNA WOODLAND

Dry early deciduous savanna woodland (low-land):

Colophospermum

(type

35)

TREE SA VANNA

1 Deciduous dry tree savanna (in Kalahari sand):

Baikiaea -

Colophospermum - Burkea Dialium (type

38)

2 Dry deciduous tree savanna:

Colophospermum mopane (type

50)

SHRUB

SA VANNA

Dry early deciduous shrub savanna:

Colophospermum mopane -

Enneapogon - Aristida (type

61)

Zambia

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation of Zambia (1969)

Fanshawe, D.B.

Forest Research Bulletin 7: 1-67

OPEN FOREST WITH GRASS

Mopane Woodland (type IIA3)

TERMITARlA

Mopane tennitaria

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation map ofthe Flora Zambesiaca area (1967)

I: 2 500 000

H. Wild

&

L.A.G Barbosa

Flora Zambesiaca

supplement. Harare, Zimbabwe

WOODLAND AND SAVANNA WOODLAND

Dry early deciduous savanna woodland (low-land):

Colophospermum

(type 35)

TREE SAVANNA

I Deciduous dry tree savanna (in Kalahari sand):

Baikiaea-

Colophospermum Burkea Dialium

(type 38)

2 Dry deciduous tree savanna:

Colophospermum mopane

(type 50)

Malawi

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation map of the Flora Zambesiaca area (1967)

1: 2 500 000

H. Wild & L.A.G Barbosa

Flora Zambesiaca

supplement. Harare, Zimbabwe

Vegetation types:

WOODLAND AND SA VANNA WOODLAND

Dry early deciduous savanna woodland (low-land):

Colophospermum

(type 35)

TREE SAVANNA

Dry deciduous tree savanna: Colophospermum mopane (type 50)

Mozambique

Vegetation map / description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation types:

Vegetation map of the Flora Zambesiaca area (1967)

1: 2 500 000

H. Wild

&

L.A.G

Barbosa

Flora Zambesiaca supplement. Harare, Zimbabwe

WOODLAND AND SAVANNA WOODLAND

Dry early deciduous savanna woodland (low-land):

Colophospermum

(type 35)

TREE SAVANNA

Dry deciduous tree savanna: Colophospermum mopane (type 50)

SHRUB SAVANNA

Dry early deciduous shrub savanna:

Colophospermum mopane -

Enneapogon - Aristida (type 61)

Angola

Vegetation map / description of types:

Author:

Reference:

Carta fitogeografica de Angola

L.A.G.

Barbosa

Carta fitogeognifica de Angola. Luanda, Angola. Instituto de

Investigayao Cientifica de Angola (1970)

Vegetation types:

21

27

Mapping unit Vegetation type

20 Dry deciduous woodland and mosaic of savanna and shrubland

Dry valley woodland and riverine vegetation

Sublittoral shrubland

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Vegetation types:

Generalized vegetation map of Angola (after Barbosa 1970)

1: 8 000 000

Unknown

Mapping unit Vegetation type

18WS

19S

20WS

25SG

Mosaic of:

(1) xeric (deciduous) woodland

(2) xeric savannas

Imperfectly drained

Colophospermum

shrubland on cracking clays

Mosaic of:

(1) low growing woodlands

(2)tall grass savannas

Mosaic of:

(1) xerophytic shrublands

(2) annual grasslands

(3)dwarf shrubland

Namibia

Vegetation map

I

description of types:

Scale:

Author:

Reference:

Vegetation map of Namibia (1998)

1: 5 000000

W. Giess

Dinteria

4: 1-112

Vegetation types:

SAVANNA

1 Mopane savanna (type 5)

2 Riverine woodland (not a mapping unit)

APPENDIX 3

LIST OF PLANT SPECIES IINFRASPECIFIC TAXA

Abrus laevigatus

EMey.

Abutilon angulatum

(Guill. & Perr.) Mast.

Abutilon austro-africanum

Hochr.

Abutilon englerianum

Ulbr.

Abutilon fruticosum

Guill. & Perr.

Abutilon grandiflorum

G.Don

Abutilon guineense

(K.Schum.) Baker f. & Exell

Abutllon hirtum

(Lam.) Sweet

Abutilon pycnodon

Hochr.

Abutilon ramosum

(Cav.) Guill. & Perr.

Abutilon

species

Acacia arenaria

Schinz

Acacia ataxacantha

DC.

Acacia borleae

Burtt Davy

Acacia burkei

Benth.

Acacia caffra

(Thunb.) Willd.

Acacia erioloba

EMey.

Acacia erubescens

Welw. ex Oliv.

Acacia exuvialis

I.Verd.

Acacia fleckii

Schinz

Acacia gerrardii

Benth.

Acacia grandicomuta

Gerstner

Acacia hebec/ada

DC.

Acacia hebeclada

DC. ssp.

chobiensis

(O.B.Mill.) ASchreib.

Acacia hebeclada

DC. ssp.

hebeclada

Acacia hebeclada

DC. ssp.

tristis

ASchreib.

Acacia karroo

Hayne

Acacia kirki;

Oliv.

Acacia luederitzii

Engl.

Acacia mellifera

(Vahl) Benth.

Acacia mellifera

(Vahl) Benth. ssp. detinens

(Burch.) Brenan

Acacia mellifera

(Vahl) Benth. ssp.

mellifera

Acacia montis-usti

Merxm.

&

ASchreib.

Acacia nebrownii

Burtt Davy

Acacia nigrescens

Oliv.

Acacia nilotica

(L.) Willd. ex Del.

Acacia permixta

Burtt Davy

Acacia reficiens

Wawra

Acacia robust

a

Burch.

Acacia schweinfurthii

Brenan

&

Exell

Acacia senegal

(L.) Willd.

Acacia senegal

(L.) Wi lid. var. leiorhachis Brenan

Acacia senegal

(L.) Willd. var. rostrata Brenan

Acacia

species

Acacia tortilis

(Forssk.) Hayne

Acacia welwitschii

Oliv. ssp. delagoonsis

(Harms) J.H.Ross

&

Brenan

Acacia xanthophlooa

Benth.

Acalypha fruricosa

Forssk.

Acalypha glabrata

Thunb.

Acalypha indica

L.

Acalypha segetalis

MOIl.Arg.

Acalypha

species

Acalypha vi/licaulis

Hochst. ex ARich.

Acanthosicyos naudinianus

(Sand.) C.Jeffrey

Acanthospermum hispidum

DC.

Achyranthes aspera

L.

Achyropsis leptostachya

(EMey. ex Meisn.)

Baker & C.B.Clarke

Acrachne racemosa

(Room.

&

Schult.) Ohwi

Acrotome hispida

Benth.

Acrotome inflata

Benth.

Actiniopteris radiata

(J.Konig ex Sw.) Link

Adansonia digitata

L.

Adenia digitata

(Harv.) Eng!.

Adenium boehmianum

Schinz

Adenium multiflorum

Klotzsch

Adenolobus garipensis

(E.Mey.) Torre

&

Hillc.

Aerva leucura

Moq.

Afzelia quanzensis

Welw.

Agathisanthemum bojeri

Klotzsch

Ageratum conyzoides

L.

Aizoanthemum dinteri

(Schinz) Friedrich

Aizoon giessii

Friedrich

Aizoon glinoides

L. f.

Aizoon

species

Aizoon virgatum

Welw. ex Oliv.

Albizia anthelmintica

(A Rich.) Brongn.

Albizia brevifolia

Schinz

Albizia forbesii

Benth.

Albizia harveyi

EFoum.

Albizia petersiana

(Bolle) Oliv.

Albizia

species

Albizia tanganyicensis

Bak. f.

Albizia versicolor

Welw. ex Oliv.

Albuca angolensis

Welw.

Albuca melleri

Baker

Albuca setosa

Jacq.

Alchomea laxiflora

(Benth.) Pax

&

K.Hoffm.

A/ectra orobanchoides

Benth.

Alectra species

Aloe chabaudii Schon

I.

Aloe excelsa

A.

Berger

Aloe littoralis Baker

Aloe species

Aloe x esculenta L. C. Leach

Altemanthera pungens Humb.

Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC.

Amaranthus dinteri Schinz

Amaranthus praetermissus Brenan

Amaranthus schinzianus Theil.

Amaranthus species

Amaranthus thunbergii Moq.

Ammannia senegalensis Lam. ex Poir.

Ammocharis coranica (Ker Gawl.) Herb.

Ammocharis species

Amphiasma benguellense (Hiern) Bremek.

Andropogon chinensis (Nees) Merr.

Andropogon gayanus Kunth

Androstachys johnsonii Prain

Aneilema hockii De Wild.

Anisotes rogersii S.Moore

Anthephora pubescens Nees

Anthephora ramosa Gooss.

Anthephora schinzii Hack.

Anticharis inflata Marloth & Engl.

Anticharis linearis (Benth.) Hochst. ex Asch.

Aptosimum angustifolium E. Weber

&

Schinz

Aptosimum decumbens Schinz

Aptosimum glandulosum E.Weber

&

Schinz

Aptosimum lineare Marloth

&

Engl.

Aptosimum lugardiae (N.E.Br.) E.Phillips

Aptosimum species

Argemone mexicana L.

Argyrolobium stipulaceum Eckl. & Zeyh.

Aridaria species

Aristida adscensionis L.

Aristida bipartita (Nees) Trin. & Rupr.

Aristida canescens Henr.

Aristida congesta Roem.

&

Schult.

Aristida congesta Roem. & Schult. ssp. barbicollis

(Trin. & Rupr.) De Winter

Aristida congesta Roem. & Schult. ssp. congesta

Aristida effusa Henrard

Aristida hordeacea Kunth

Aristida junciformis Trin.

&

Rupr.

Aristida meridionalis Henrard

Aristida mollissima Pilg.

Aristida rhiniochloa Hochst.

Aristida scabrivalvis Hack.

Aristida species

Aristida stipitata Hack.

Aristida stipitata Hack. ssp. graciliflora

(Pilg.) Melderis

Aristida stipitata Hack. ssp. stipitata

Aristida stipoides Lam.

Artabotrys brachypetalus Benth.

Ascolepis species

Asparagus africanus Lam.

Asparagus buchananii Baker

Asparagus burchellii Baker

Asparagus crassicladus Jessop

Asparagus denudatus (Kunth) Baker

Asparagus exuvialis Burch. fo. ecklonii

(Baker) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.

Asparagus falcatus L.

Asparagus macowanii Baker

Asparagus minutiflorus (Kunth) Baker

Asparagus natalensis (Baker)

J.P.Lebrun & Stork

Asparagus nelsii Schinz

Asparagus pearsonii Kies

Asparagus plumosus Baker

Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop

Asparagus species

Asparagus spinescens Steud. ex

Roem. & Schult.

Asparagus suaveolens Burch.

Aspilia mossambicensis (Oliv.) Wild

Asystasia gangetica (L.)

T.

Asystasia subbiflora C.B.Clarke

Atriplex lindleyi Moq.

Azima tetracantha Lam.

Baikiaea plurijuga Harms

Baissea wulfhorstii Schinz

Balanites maughamii Sprague

Balanites pedicellaris Mildbr. & Schltr.

Balanites welwitschii (Tiegh.)

Exell

&

Mendonca

Baphia massaiensis Taub.

Barleria affinis C.B.Clarke

Barleria crossandriformis C.B.Clarke

Barleria elegans S.Moore ex C.B.Clarke

Barleria galpinii C. B. Clarke

Barleria holubii C.B.Clarke

Barleria kaloxytona Lindau

Barleria lanceolata (Schinz) Oberm.

Barleria lancifolia T.Anderson

Barleria lugardii C.B.Clarke

Barleria mackenii Hook.f.

Barleria merxmuelleri P.G.Mey.

Barleria oxyphylla Lindau

Barieria prionitis L.

Barieria rogersii S.Moore

Barieria saxatilis Oberm.

Barieria senensis Klotzsch

Barieria species

Bar/eria transvaalensis Oberm.

Basananthe pedata (Baker t.) W.J.de Wilde

Bauhinia galpinii N.E.Br.

Bauhinia petersiana Bolle

Becium filamentosum (Forssk.) Chiov.

Becium obovatum (E. Mey. ex Benth.)

Becium species

Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl.

Berchemia zeyheri (Sond.) Grubov

Bergia salaria Bremek.

Bidens bitemata (Lour.) Merr. & Sherff

Bidens pilosa L.

Bidens species

Blainvillea gayana Casso

Blepharis diversispina (Nees) C.B.Clarke

Blepharis geriindae P.G.Mey.

Blepharis innocua

C. B. CI.

Blepharis integrifolia (L. t.) E. Mey. ex Schinz

Blepharis leendertziae Oberm.

Blepharis maderaspatensis (L.) Heyne ex Roth

Blepharis obmitrata C.B.Clarke

Blepharis species

B/epharis subvo/ubilis C.B. CI.

Boerhavia coccinea Mill.

Boerhavia diffusa L.

Boerhavia species

Bolusanthus speciosus (Bolus) Harms

Bonamia schizantha (Hallier t.) AMeeuse

Boophane disticha (L.f.) Herb.

Boscia a/bitrunca (Burch.)

Boscia foetida Schinz

Boscia foetida Schinz ssp. foetida

Boscia matabelensis Pestal.

Boscia microphyl/a Oliv.

Boscia mossambicensis Klotzsch

Boscia sa/icifolia Oliv.

Boscia tomentosa Toelken

Bothriochloa insculpta (A Rich.) ACamus

Bothriochloa radicans (Lehm.) A.Camus

Bothriochloa species

Brachiaria brizantha (ARich.) Stapf

Brachiaria deflexa (Schumach.)

C.E.Hubb. ex Robyns

Brachiaria eruciformis (Sm.) Griseb.

Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweick.

Brachiaria malacodes (Mez & KSchum.) Scholz

Brachiaria mariothii (Hack.) Stent

Brachiaria nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) Stapf

Brachiaria schoenfe/deri C.E.Hubb. & Schweick.

Brachiaria serrata (Thunb.) Stapf

Brachiaria species

Brachiaria xantho/euca (Schinz) Stapf

Brachylaena huil/ensis O.Hoffm.

Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper & J.RI.Wood

Bride/ia cathartica BertoLt.

Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Bailt.

Bride/ia mol/is Hutch.

Brunsvigia species

Buchnera glabrata Benth.

Buchnera longespicata Schinz

Bu/bosty/is contexta (Nees) M.Bodard

Bulbostylis hispidula (Vahl) RW.Haines

Bulbostylis species

Burkea africana Hook.

Cadaba aphylla (Thunb.) Wild

Cadaba schroeppelii Suess.

Caesa/pinia rubra (Eng!.) Brenan

Calostephane divaricata Benth.

Camptormiza strumosa (Baker) Oberm.

Canthium g/aucum (Klotzsch) Kuntze

Canthium setiflorum Hiern

Capparis tomentosa Lam.

Cardamine africana L.

Cardiospermum corindum L.

Cardiospermum ha/icacabum L.

Carissa bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Brenan

Carissa tetramera (Sacleux) Stapf

Cassia abbreviata Oliv:

Cassine aethiopica Thunb.

Cassine euc/eiformis (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze

Cassine transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) COOd

Catophractes a/exandri D.Don

Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.)

Celosia trigyna L.

Cenchrus ciliaris L.

Centropodia g/auca (Nees) Cope

Cepha/ocroton mol/is Klotzsch

Ceraria /ongipeduncu/ata Merxm. & POOlech

Ceratotheca species

Ceratotheca tri/oba (Bemh.) Hook.f.

Cereus peruvianus (L.) Mill.

Chaetacanthus costatus Nees

Chamaecrlsta absus (L.) Irwin &

Barneby

Chamaecrista biensis (Steyaert) Lock

Chamaecrista comosa E. Mey.

Chamaecrista mimosoides (L.) Greene

Chamaesyce glandu/igera (Pax) Koutnik

Chamaesyce inaequilatera

(Sond.) Sojak

Chamaesyce neopolycnemoides

(Pax

&

KHoffm.) Koutnik

Chamaesyce prostrata

(Aiton) Small

Chamaesyce tettensis

(Klotzsch) Koutnik

Chascanum adenostachyum

(Schauer) Moldenke

Chascanum hederaceum

(Sond.)

Chascanum pinnatifidum

(L.t.)

Cheilanthes dinteri

Brause

Cheilanthes involuta

(Swartz) Schelpe

&

N.C.

Anthony

Cheilanthes viridis

(Forssk.) Swartz

Chenopodium album

L.

Chloris gayana

Kunth

Chloris mossambicensis

K.Schum.

Chloris roxburghiana

Schult.

Chloris

species

Chloris virgata

Sw.

Chlorophytum galpinii

Oberm.

Cirsium vulgare

(Savi) Ten.

Cissampelos mucronata

A Rich.

Cissus comifolia

(Baker) Planch.

Cissus nymphaeifolia

(Welw. ex Baker) Planch.

Cissus quadrangularis

L.

Cissus rotundifolia

(Forssk.) Vahl

Cissus

species

Citrul/us lanatus

(Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai

Cleistanthus schlechteri

(Pax) Hutch.

Clematis brachiata

Thunb.

C/eome angustifolia

(Forssk.)

C/eome gynandra

L.

Cleome hilta

(Klotzsch) Oliv.

Cleome maculata

(Sond.) Szyszyl.

Cleome monophylla

L.

Cleome oxyphylla

Burch.

Cleome rubella

Burch.

C/eome

species

Clerodendrum dekindtii

Guerke

Clerodendrum glabrum

E. Mey.

Clerodendrum

species

Clerodendrum tematum

Schinz

Clerodendrum uncinatum

Schinz

Clitoria tematea

L.

Coccinia adoensis

(ARich.) Cogn.

Coccinia rehmannii

Cogn.

Coccinia sessilifolia

(Sond.) Cogn.

Cocculus hirsutus

(L.) Diels

Coddia rudis

(E.Mey. ex Harv.) Verdc.

Coelachyrum yemenicum

(Schweint.) S.M.Phillips

Colophospermum mopane

(J.Kirk ex Benth.)

J.Kirk ex J.Leonard

Combea mollusca

(Ach.) Nyl.

Combea

species

Combretum albopunctatum

Suess.

Combretum apiculatum

Sond.

Combretum celastroides

Welw. ex Laws.

Combretum collinum

Welw. ex Laws.

Combretum engleri

Schinz

Combretum erythrophy/lum

(Burch.) Sond.

Combretum hereroense

Schinz

Combretum imberbe

Wawra

Combretum microphyllum

Klotzsch

Combretum molle

R.Br. ex G.Don

Combretum mossambicense

(Klotzsch) Engl.

Combretum nelsonii

Dummer

Combretum padoides

Engl. & Diels

Combretum psidioides

Welw.

Combretum

species

Combretum wattii

Exell

Combretum zeyheri

Sond.

Commelina africana

L.

Commelina benghalensis

L.

Commelina diffusa

Burm. t.

Commelina erecta

L.

Commelina forskaolii

Vahl

Commelina livingstonii

C.B.Clarke

Commelina

species

Commelina subulata

Roth

Commicarpus africanus

(Lour.) Dandy

Commicarpus fal/acissimus

(Heimerl)

Heimerl ex Oberm.

Commiphora africana

(ARich.) Engl.

Commiphora anacardiifolia

Dinter

&

Eng!.

Commiphora angolensis

Engl.

Commiphora crenato-serrata

Engl.

Commiphora edulis

(Klotzsch) Eng!.

Commiphora giessii

J.J.A van der Walt

Commiphora glandulosa

Schinz

Commiphora glaucescens

Eng!.

Commiphora gracilifrondosa

Dinter ex

J.J.Avan der Walt

Commiphora marfothii

Engl.

Commiphora merkeri

Engl.

Commiphora mol/is

(Oliv.) Engl.

Commiphora mossambicensis

(Oliv.) Engl.

Commiphora multijuga

(Hiern) KSchum.

Commiphora pyracanthoides

Eng!.

Commiphora schimperi

(O.Berg) Engl.

Commiphora

species

Commiphora tenuipetiolata

Eng!.

Commiphora virgata

Engl.

Conostomium zoutpansbergense

(Bremek.)

Convolvulus ocel/atus

Hook. f.

Conyza attenuata

DC.

Coral/ocarpus bainesii

(Hook.f.) A.Meeuse

Coral/ocarpus triangularis

Cogn.

Corbichonia decumbens

(Forssk.) Exell

Cor chorus asp/enifolius

Burch.

Cor chorus confusus

Wild

Corchorusjunodii

(Schinz) N.E.Br.

Corchorus kirkii

N.E.Br.

Corchorus /ongipeduncu/atus

Mast.

Corchorus tridens L

Cor chorus trilocu/aris L

Cordia caffra

Sond.

Cordia grandica/yx

Oberm.

Cordia monoica

Roxb.

Cordia sinensis

lam.

Cotyledon barbeyi

Schweinf. ex Baker

Crabbea hirsuta

Harv.

Crabbea ve/utina

S.Moore

Crinum buphanoides

Welw. ex Baker

Crinum de/agoense

l.verd.

Crinum macowanii

Baker

Crinum

species

Crassandra mucranata

Lindau

Crassopteryx febrifuga

(Afzel. ex G.Don) Benth.

Crata/aria argyraea

Welw. ex Baker

Crota/aria bamabassii

Dinter ex Baker f.

Crata/aria damarensis

Engl.

Crata/aria distans

Benth.

Crata/aria /abumifo/ia

L

Crata/aria meyeriana

Steud.

Crata/aria monteirai

T aub. ex Bak. f.

Crata/aria pal/ida

Ait.

Crata/aria pisicarpa

Welw. ex Baker

Crata/aria p/atysepa/a

Harv.

Crata/aria podocarpa

DC.

Creta/aria schinzii

Baker f.

Crata/aria sparlioides

DC.

Crata/aria

species

Crata/aria sphaerocarpa

Perro ex DC.

Crata/aria teixeirae

Torre

Crata/aria virgu/ata

Klotzsch

Craton gratissimus

Burch.

Craton megalobotrys

Mull.Arg.

Craton menyharlii

Pax

Craton pseudopulchel/us

Pax

Croton

species

Cryptolepis oblongifolia

(Meisn.) Schltr.

ctenolepis cerasiformis

(Stocks) Hook.f.

Cucumella

species

Cucumis africanus Lf.

Bremek.

Cucumis anguria

L

Cucumis hirsutus

Sond.

Cucumis metuliferus

Naudin

Cucumis

species

Cucumis zeyheri

Sand.

CuI/en obtusifolia

(DC.) C.H.Stirt.

Curroria decidua

Planch. ex Hook.f. & Benth.

Cussonia zuluensis

Strey

Cyathula lanceolata

Schinz

Cyathula uncinulata

(Schrad.) Schinz

Cycnium adonense

E. Mey. ex Benth.

Cymbopogon excavatus

(Hochst.) Stapf ex

Burtt Davy

Cymbopogon plurinodis

(Stapf)

Stapf ex Burtt Davy

Cymbopogon validus

(Stapf) Stapf ex Burtt Davy

Cynodon dacty/on

(L) Pers.

Cynodon

species

Cyperus amabilis

Vahl

Cyperus

esculentus

Cyperus fenzelianus

Steud.

Cyperus fulgens

C.B. CI.

Cyperus margaritaceus

Vahl

Cyperus marginatus

Thunb.

Cyperus obtusiflorus

Vahl

Cyperus pracerus

Rottb.

Cyperus rupestris

Kunth

Cyperus schinzii

Boeck.

Cyperus sexangularis

Nees

Cyperus

species

Cyphia angustifolia

Eckl.

&

Zeyh.

Cyphostemma cirrhosum

(Thunb.) Descoings ex Wild

&

Drum.

Cyphostemma currarii

(Hook.f.) Desc.

Cyphostemma hereroense

(Schinz) Desc. ex

Wild

&

RB.Drumm.

Cyphostemma puberulum

(C.A.Sm.)

Wild & RB.Drumm.

Cyphostemma sch/echteri

(GUg

&

M.Brandt)

Desc. ex Wild

&

RB.Drumm.

Cyphostemma

species

Cyphostemma subciliatum

(Baker)

Desc. ex Wild

&

RB.Drumm.

Dacty/octenium aegyptium

(L)

WilJd.

Dactyloctenium australe

Steud.

Dactyloctenium geminatum

Hack.

Dactyloctenium giganteum

Fisher

&

Schweick.

Dalbergia melanoxylon

Guill. & Perro

Dalbergia nitidula

Baker

Dalechampia galpinii

Pax

Danthoniopsis dinteri (Pilg.) C.E.Hubb.

Datura ferox L.

Decorsea schlechteri (Harms) Verdc.

Desmodium velutinum (Willd.) DC.

Dialium engleranum Henriq.

Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (Decne.) Abels

Dichanthium annulatum (Forssk.)

Dichapetalum cymosum (Hook.) Engl.

Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.

Dicoma anoma/a Sond.

Dicoma galpinii Wilson

Dicoma schinzii O.Hoffm.

Dicoma species

Dicoma tomentosa Casso

Digitaria argyrograpta (Nees) Stapf

Digitaria diagonalis (Nees) Stapf

Digitaria eriantha Steud.

Digitaria milanjiana (Rendle) Stapf

Digitaria seriata Stapf

Digitaria species

Digitaria velutina (Forssk.) P.Beauv.

Diheteropogon amplectens (Nees) Clayton

Dinebra retroflexa (Vahl) Panz.

Dioscorea cotinifolia Kunth

Diospyros chamaethamnus Mildbr.

Diospyros Iycioides Desf.

Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex A. DC.

Dipcadi glaucum (Ker Gawl.) Baker

Dipcadi gracil/imum Baker

Dipcadi species

Diplachne Fusca (L.) P.Beauv. ex Roem.

&

Schult.

Diplachne species

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon (MOII.Arg.) Pichon

Dolichos falciformis E.Mey.

Dolichos trilobus L.

Dombeya cymosa Harv.

Dombeya kirkii Mast.

Dombeya rotundifolia (Hochst.) Planch

Dovyalis caffra (Hook.f. & Harv.) Hook.f.

Dracaena aletriformis (Haw.) Bos

Dracaena mannii Baker

Dregea macrantha Klotzsch

Drosera acaulis L. f.

Drypetes gerrardii Hutch.

Duosperma crenatum (Lindau) P.G.Mey.

Dyschoriste rogersii S. Moore

Ecbolium glabratum Vollesen

Echinochloa colona (L.) Link

Echinochloa crus-gal/i (L.) P.Beauv.

Echinochloa pyramidalis (Lam.) Hitchc. & Chase

Ehretia amoena Klotzsch

Ehretia rigida (Thunb.) Druce

Ekebergia capensis Sparrm.

Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth.

Elephantorrhiza elephantina (Burch.) Skeels

Elephantorrhiza species

Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa Schinz

Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.

Elytraria acaulis (L.f.) Lindau

Elytrophorus globularis Hack.

Emilia ambifaria (S.Moore) C.Jeffrey

Emilia transvaalensis (Bolus) C.Jeffrey

Endostemon obtusifolius (E.Mey. ex Benth.)

N.E.Br.

Endostemon tenuiflorus (Benth.) M.Ashby

Endostemon tereticaulis (Poir.) M.Ashby

Enicostema hyssopifolium (Willd.) I.Verd.

Enicostema species

Enneapogon cenchroides (Roem. & Schult.)

C.E.Hubb.

Enneapogon desvauxii P.Beauv.

Enneapogon scoparius Stapf

Enneapogon species

Entandrophragma caudatum (Sprague) Sprague

Enteropogon macrostachyus (A.Rich.) Benth.

Enteropogon monostachyus (Vahl) K. Schum.

Eragrostis annulata Rendle ex Scott-Elliot

Eragrostis aspera (Jacq.) Nees

Eragrostis biflora Hack. ex Schinz

Eragrostis capensis (Thunb.) Trin.

Eragrostis chloromelas Steud.

Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) F.T.Hubb.

Eragrostis ciliaris (L.) R. Br.

Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees

Eragrostis cylindriflora Hochst.

Eragrostis dinteri Stapf

Eragrostis echinochloidea Stapf

Eragrostis glandulosipedata De Winter

Eragrostis gummiflua Nees

Eragrostis heteromera Stapf

Eragrostis inamoena K.Schum.

Eragrostis lappula Nees

Eragrostis lehmanniana Nees

Eragrostis micrantha Hack.

Eragrostis nindensis Ficalho & Hiern

Eragrostis pal/ens Hack.

Eragrostis pilgeriana Dinter ex Pilg.

Eragrostis porosa Nees

Eragrostis racemosa (Thunb.) Steud.

Eragrostis rigidior Pilg.

Eragrostis rotifer Rendle

Eragrostis sabinae Launert

Eragrostis species

Eragrostis stapfii De Winter

Eragrostis superba Peyr.

Eragrostis trichophora Coss. & Durieu

Eragrostis viscosa (Retz.) Trin.

Eriocephalus pubescens DC.

Eriocephalus species

Eriochloa meyeriana (Nees) Pilg.

Eriospermum bakerianum Schinz

Eriospermum rautanenii Schinz

Erlangea misera (Oliv. & Hiern) S.Moore

Erucastrum arabicum Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

Erythrina latissima E.Mey.

Erythrina Iysistemon Hutch.

Erythrina species

Euclea crispa (Thunb.) Guerke

Euclea divinorum Hiem

Euclea natalensis A. DC.

Euclea pseudebenus E.Mey. ex A. DC.

Euclea schimperi (A. DC.) Dandy

Euclea species

Euclea undulata Thunb.

Euphorbia confinalis R.A. Dyer

Euphorbia cooperi N.E. Br. ex Berger

Euphorbia crotonoides Boiss.

Euphorbia cyathophora Murray

Euphorbia gueinzii Boiss.

Euphorbia guerichiana Pax

Euphorbia ingens E.Mey. ex Boiss.

Euphorbia monteiroi Hook. f.

Euphorbia quadrata Nel

Euphorbia schinzii Pax

Euphorbia tirucalli L.

Euphorbia venenata Marloth

Euphorbia vi rosa Willd.

Eustachys paspaloides (Vahl) Lanza & Mattei

Evolvulus a/sinoides

(L.) L.

Faidherbia albida (Deli Ie) A.Chev.

Felicia alba Grau

Felicia anthemidodes (Hiern) Mendonca

Felicia bechuanica Mattf.

Felicia clavipilosa Grau

Felicia minima (Hutch.) Grau

Felicia mossamedensis (Hiern) Mendonca

Ferraria glutinosa (Baker) Rendle

Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq.

Ficus capreifolia Delile

Ficus cordata Thunb.

Ficus glumosa (Miq.) Delile

Ficus lutea Vahl

Ficus stuhlmannii Warb.

Ficus sycomorus L.

Ficus tettensis Hutch.

Fimbristylis complanata (Retz.) Link

Fimbristylis species

Fingerhuthia africana Lehm.

Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr.

Flaveria bidentis (L.) Kuntze

Flueggea vi rosa (Roxb. Ex Willd.) Pax & K. Hoffm.

Fockea angustifolia K.Schum.

Fockea species

Forsskaolea viridis Ehrenb. ex Webb

Fuirena pachyrrhiza Ridley

Fuirena pubescens (Poir.) Kunth

Garcinia Iivingstonei T.Anderson

Gardenia resiniflua Hiern

Gardenia species

Gardenia volkensii K.Schum.

Gardenia volkensii K.Schum. ssp. spatulifolia

(Stapf & Hutch.) Verdc.

Geigeria acaulis (Sch.Bip.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex

Oliv. & Hiern

Geigeria burkei Harv.

Geigeria odontoptera O.Hoffm.

Geigeria omativa O.Hoffm.

Geigeria schinzii O. Hoffm.

Gisekia africana (Lour.) Kuntze

Gisekia phamacioides L.

Gisekia species

Glinus lotoides L.

Gloriosa superba L.

Gnidia rubescens B.Peterson

Gnidia sericea L.

Gnidia sericocephala (Meisn.) Gilg ex Engl.

Gomphocarpus fruticosus (L.) Aiton f.

Gomphocarpus tomentosus Burch.

Gomphrena celosioides Mart.

Gossypium anomalum

Gossypium herbaceum Wawra ex Wawra & Peyr.

Gossypium tnphyllum (Harv.) Hochr.

Grewia avellana Hiern

Grewia bicolor Juss.

Grewia caffra Meisn.

Grewia falcistipula K.Schum.

Grewia f1ava DC.

Grewia f1avescens Juss.

Grewia hexamita Burret

Grewia inaequilatera Garcke

Grewia microthyrsa K.Schum. ex Burret

Grewia montico/a Sond.

Grewia occidentalis L.

Grewia pachycalyx K.Schum.

Grewia retinervis

Burret

Grewia

species

Grewia subspathulata

N.E.Br.

Grewia tenax

(Forssk.) Fiori

Grewia villosa

Willd.

Guibourtia coleosperma

(Benth.) J.Leonard

Guibourtia conjugata (Bolle)

J.Leonard

Gymnema sylvestre

(Retz.) Schult.

Haemanthus

species

Harpagophytum procumbens

(Burch.) DC. ex

Meissn. F. sublobatum Eng!.

Harpagophytum zeyheri

Heinsia crinita

Helichrysum album

N.E.Br.

Helichrysum candolleanum

H. Buek

Helichrysum herbaceum

(Andre'oNS) Sweet

Helichrysum hemiarioides

DC.

Helichrysum lineare

DC.

Helichrysum miconiifolium

DC.

Helichrysum

species

Helichrysum tomentosulum

(Klatt) Merxm.

Helinus integrifolius

(Lam.) Kuntze

Helinus spartioides

(Eng!.) Schinz ex Eng!.

Heliotropium ciliatum

Kaplan

Heliotropium giessii

Friedr.-Holzh.

Heliotropium indicum

L.

Heliotropium lineare

(ADC.) Guerke

Heliotropium ovalffolium

Forssk.

Heliotropium

species

Heliotropium steudneri

Vatke

Heliotropium strigosum

Willd.

Heliotropium zeylanicum

(Burm.f.) Lam.

Hemizygia bracteosa

(Benth.) Briq.

Hemizygia elliottii

(Baker) M.Ashby

Hemizygia petrensis

(Hiem) M.Ashby

Hemizygia

species

Hermannia boraginff/ora

Hook.

Hermannia eenii

Baker f.

Hermannia glanduligera

K.Schum.

Hermannia glandulosissima

Eng!.

Hermannia modesta

(Ehrenb.) Mast.

Hermannia quartiniana

A Rich.

Hermannia rigida

Harv.

Hermannia

species

Hermannia tomentosa

(Turcz.) Schinz ex Engl.

Hermbstaedtia glauca

(J.C.Wend!.)

Rchb. ex Steud.

Hermbstaedtia linearis

Schinz

Hermbstaedtia odorata

(Burch.) T. Cooke

Hermbstaedtia

species

Heteromorpha arborescens

(Thunb.)

Cham.

&

Schltd!.

Heteropogon contortus

(L.) Roem. & Schult.

Heteropogon melanocarpus

(Elliott) Benth.

Heteropyxis natalensis

Harv.

Hexalobus monopetalus

(A Rich.) Eng!. & Diels

Hibiscus allenii

Sprague & Hutch.

Hibiscus caesius

Garcke

Hibiscus calyphyllus

Cav.

Hibiscus cannabinus

L.

Hibiscus elliottiae

Harv.

Hibiscus engleri

K.Schum.

Hibiscus micranthus

L. f.

Hibiscus nigricaulis

Baker f.

Hibiscus palmatus

Forssk.

Hibiscus pedunculatus

L. f.

Hibiscus platycalyx

Mast.

Hibiscus praeteritus

R.ADyer

Hibiscus pusillus

Thunb.

Hibiscus sidfformis

Baill.

Hibiscus

species

Hibiscus subrenfformisBurtt

Davy

Hibiscus trionum

L.

Hibiscus upingtoniae

Guerke

Hibiscus vitffolius

L.

Hiernia angolensis

S.Moore

Hippocratea crenata

(Klotzsch) K.Schum. & Loes.

Hippocratea longipetiolata

Oliv.

Hirpicium bechuanense

(S.Moore) Roessler

Hirpicium gazanioides

(Harv.) Roessler

Hirpicium gorterioides

(Oliv. & Hiem) Ross!.

Holarrhena pubescens

(Buch.-Ham.) Wall.

Holubia saccata

Oliv ..

Huernia hystrix

(Hook. f.) N.E. Br.

Huemia kirkii

N.E.Br.

Huemia

species

Hugonia orientalis

Eng!.

Hybanthus enneaspermus

(L.) F.Mueli.

Hygrophila auriculata

(Schumach.) Heine

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Oliv.

Hyparrhenia anamesa

Clayton

Hyparrhenia hirta

(L.) Stapf

Hyparrhenia rufa

(Nees) Stapf

Hyparrhenia

species

Hyparrhenia tamba

(Steud.) Stapf

Hyparrhenia variabilis

Stapf

Hyperacanthus amoenus

(Sims) Bridson

Hypertelis salsoloides

(Burch.) Adamson

Hyperthelia dissoluta

(Nees ex Steud.) Clayton

Hyphaene coriacea

Gaertn.

Hyphaene petersiana

Klotzsch

Hypoestes forskaolii

(Vahl) R.Br.

Hypoxis hemerocal/idea

Fisch. & C.AMey.

Indigastrum costatum

Indigastrum fastigiatum

(E.Mey.) Schrire

Indigastrum parviflorum

Indigofera adenocarpa

E.Mey.

Indigofera arrecta

Hochst. ex ARich.

Indigofera astragalina

DC.

Indigofera auricoma

E.Mey.

Indigofera bainesii

Baker

Indigofera charfieriana

Schinz

Indigofera colutea

(Burm.f.) Merr.

Indigofera comosa

N.E.Br.

Indigofera daleoides

Benth. ex Harv.

Indigofera enormis

N.E.Br.

Indigofera filipes

Benth. ex Harv.

Indigofera flavicans

Baker

Indigofera frutescens

L.t.

Indigofera galpinii

N.E.Br.

Indigofera heterotricha

DC.

Indigofera holubii

N.E.Br.

Indigofera ingrata

N.E.Br.

Indigofera inhambanensis

Klotzsch

Indigofera lupatana

Baker f.

Indigofera Iydenburgensis

N.E.Br.

Indigofera melanadenia

Benth. ex Harv.

Indigofera nebrowniana

J.B.Gillett

Indigofera rautanenii

Baker f.

Indigofera rhytidocarpa

Benth. ex Harv.

Indigofera schimperi

Jaub. & Spach

Indigofera

species

Indigofera suffruticosa

Mill.

Indigofera swaziensis

(H. Bol.)

Indigofera teixeirae

Torre

Indigofera trigonel/oides

Jaub. & Spach

Indigofera tristis

E.Mey.

Indigofera tristoides

N.E.Br.

Indigofera trita

L. f.

Indigofera vicioides

Jaub. & Spach

Ipomoea adenioides

Schinz

Ipomoea arachnosperma

Welw.

Ipomoea bolusiana

Schinz

Ipomoea cairica

(L.) Sweet

Ipomoea chloroneura

Hallier t.

Ipomoea coptica

(L.) Roth ex Roem. & Schult

Ipomoea coscinosperma

Hochst. ex Choisy

Ipomoea crassipes

Hook.

Ipomoea eriocarpa

R.Br.

Ipomoea hochstetteri

House

Ipomoea magnusiana

Schinz

Ipomoea obscura

(L.) Ker-Gawi.

Ipomoea papilio

Hallier f.

Ipomoea pes-tigridis

L.

Ipomoea sinensis

(Desr.) Choisy

Ipomoea

species

Ipomoea transvaalensis

A Meeuse

Ipomoea tuberculata

Ker Gawl.

Ipomoea verbascoidea

Choisy

Ischaemum afrum

(J.F.Gmel.) Dandy

Ischaemum fascicu/atum

Brangn.

Jacquemontia tamnifolia

(L.)

Griseb.

Jamesbrittenia micrantha

(Klotzsch) Hilliard

Jamesbrittenia montana

(Diels) Hilliard

Jasminum fluminense

Veil.

Jasminum stenolobum

Rolfe

Jatropha schlechteri

Pax

Jatropha

species

Jatropha spicata

Pax

Jatropha variifolia

Pax

Jatropha zeyheri

Sond.

Justicia anagalloides

(Nees) T.Anderson

Justicia betonica

L.

Justicia exigua

S.Moore

Justicia flava

(Vahl) Vahl

Justicia matammensis

(Schweinf.) Oliv.

Justicia odora

(Forssk.) Vahl

Justicia petio/aris

(Nees) T. Anders.

Justicia pJatysepaJa

(S.Moore) P.G.Mey.

Justicia protracta

(Nees) T. Anders.

Justicia

species

Kalanchoe brachyJoba

Welw. ex Britten

KaJanchoe Janceo/ata

(Forssk.) Pers.

Ka/anchoe paniculata

Harv.

Kalanchoe rotundifolia

'(Haw.) Haw.

Ka/anchoe

species

Kedrostis capensis

(Sond.) AMeeuse

Kedrostis foetidissima

(Jacq.) Cogn.

Kigelia africana

(Lam.) Benth.

Kirkia acuminata

Oliv.

Kirkia wilmsii

Engl.

Kieinia longiflora

DC.

Kohautia amatymbica

Eckl. & Zeyh.

Kohautia amboensis

(Schinz) Bremek.

Kohautia azurea

(Dinter

&

K. Krause) Bremek.

Kohautia caespitosa

Schnizl.

Kohautia cicendioides

(K.Schum.) Bremek.

Kohautia cynanchica

DC.

Kohautia ramosissima

Bremek.

Kohautia

species

Kohautia virgata

(Willd.) Bremek.

Ky/linga alba Nees

Kyphocarpa angustifolia

(Moq.) Lopr.

Lagenaria

species

Laggera decurrens

(Vahl) Hepper & J.RI.Wood

Lagynias dryadum

(S.Moore) Robyns

Landolphia kirkii

Dyer

Lannea discolor

(Sond.) Engl.

Lannea schweinfurthii

(Eng!.) Eng!.

Lantana angolensis

Moldenke

Lantana camara

L.

Lantana dinteri

Moldenke

Lantana rugosa

Thunb.

Lantana

species

Lapeirousia sandersonii

Baker

Launaea intybacea

(Jacq.) P.Beauv.

Ledebouria

species

Lemna aequinoctialis

Welw.

Leonotis nepetifolia

(L.) R Br.

Leonotis ocymifolia

(Burm. f.) lwarsson

Leonotis

species

Lepidagathis scabra

C.B.Clarke

Leptactina delagoensis

K. Schum.

Leptocarydion vulpiastrum

(De Not.) Stapf

Leptoch/oa uniflora

A.

Rich.

Lessertia benguellensis

Baker f.

Leucas glabrata

(Vahl) Sm.

Leucas martinicensis

(Jacq.) RBr.

Leucas neuflizeana

Courbon

Leucas pechuelii

(Kuntze) Gorke

Leucas sexdentata

Skan

Leucosphaera bainesii

(Hook.f.) Gilg

Umeum aethiopicum

Burm.

Umeum argute-carinatum

Wawra & Peyr.

Umeum dinteri

G.Schellenb.

Umeum fenestratum

(Fenzl) Hiemerl

Umeum myosotis

H. Walter

Umeum

species

Umeum su/catum

(Klotzsch)

Umeum viscosum

(Gay)

Undneria clavata

(Mast.) Speta

Uppiajavanica

(Burm.f.) Spreng.

Utanthus pusil/us

Harv.

Utogyne gariepina

(DC.) Anderb.

Lonchocarpus capassa

Rolfe

Lonchocarpus nelsii

(Schinz) Heering & Grimme

Lophiocarpus po/ystachyus

Turcz.

Lophiocarpus tenuissimus

Hook. f.

Lotononis brachyantha

Harms

Lotononis pulchella

(E.Mey.) B.-E.van Wyk

Lotononis pulchra

Dummer

Lotononis rabenaviana

Dinter & Harms

Lotononis solitudinis

Dummer

Lotononis

species

Lotononis stipulosa

Baker f.

Ludwigia octovalvis

(Jacq.) Raven

Ludwigia stolonifera

(Guill. & Perr.) P.H.Raven

Lycium bosciifolium

Schinz

Lycium oxycarpum

Dunal

Lycium

species

Maclura africana

(Bureau) Corner

Macrotyloma axillare

(E. Mey.)

Macrotyloma maranguense

(Taub.) Verdc.

Maerua angolensis

DC.

Maerua cafra

(DC.) Pax

Maerua edulis

(Gilg & Gilg-Ben.) DeWolf

Maerua juncea

Pax

Maerua parvifolia

Pax

Maerua schinzii

Pax

Maerua

species

Manilkara mochisia

(Baker) Dubard

Margaritaria discoidea

(Baill.) Webster

Mariscus aristatus

(Rottb.) Cherm

Mariscus congestus

(Vahl) C.B.Clarke

Mariscus macer

Kunth

Mariscus rehmannianus

C.B.Clarke

Mariscus species

Markhamia zanzibarica

(Bojer ex DC.) K.Schum.

Maytenus heterophylla

(Eckl. & Zeyh.) N.Robson

Maytenus mossambicensis

(Klotzsch) Blakelock

Maytenus procumbens

(L. f.) Loes.

Maytenus senegalensis

(Lam.) Exell

Maytenus

species

Maytenus tenuispina

(Sond.) Marais

Megalochlamys kenyensis

Vollesen

Megalochlamys marlothii

(Eng!.) Lindau

Mega/ochlamys revoluta

(Lindau) Vollesen

Melanthera tritemata

(Klatt) Wild

Melhania acuminata

Mast.

Melhania burchel/ii

DC.

Melhania damarana

Harv.

Melhania didyma

Eckl. & Zeyh.

Melhania forbesii

Planch. ex Mast.

Melhania prostrata

DC.

Melhania rehmannii

Szyszyl.

Melhania

species

Melia

species

Melinis longiseta

(A.

Rich.) Zizka

Melinis nerviglumis

(Franch.) Zizka

Melinis repens

(Willd.) Zizka

Melinis

species

Me/o/obium glanduliferum

Dummer

Merremia kentrocaulos

(C.B.Clarke) Rendle

Merremia palmata

Hallier f.

Merremia pinnata

(Hochst. ex Choisy) Hallier f.

Merremia tridentata

(L.) Hallier f.

Microchloa caffra

Nees

Microchloa kunthii

Desv.

Millettia grandis

(E.Mey.) Skeels

Millettia sutherlandii

Harv.

Mol/ugo cerviana

(L) Ser. ex DC.

Mollugo nudicaulis

Lam.

Momordica balsamina L

Momordica boivinii

Baill.

Momordica cardiospermoides

Klotzsch

Momordica

species

Monadenia bracteata

(Sw.) T.Durand & Schinz

Monechma cleomoides

(S.Moore) C.B.Clarke

Monechma debile

(Forssk.) Nees

Monechma divaricatum

(Nees) C.B.Clarke

Monechma genistifolium

(Engl.) C.B. C/.

Monechma

species

Monechma tonsum

P.G.Mey.

Monelytrum luederitzianum

Hack.

Monodora junodii

Engl. & Diels

Monsonia angustifo/ia

E.Mey. ex ARich.

Monsonia burkeana

Planch. ex Harv.

Monsonia glauca

R.Knuth

Monsonia senegalensis

Guill.

&

Perro

Monsonia

species

Montinia caryophyl/acea

Thunb.

Moringa ovalifolia

Dinter & A Berger

Mucuna coriacea

Bak.

Mundulea sericea

(Willd.) AChev.

Myrothamnus flabellifolius

Welw.

Nelsia quadrangula

(Engl.) Schinz

Neorautanenia amboensis

Schinz

Neorautanenia

species

Nesaea schinzii

Koehne

Neuracanthus africanus

S.Moore

Neuradopsis austro-africana

(Schinz) Bremek.

& Oberm.

Nicolasia costata

(Klatt) TheIl.

Nioo/asia stenoptera

(0. Hoffm.) Merxm.

Nidorella resedifolia

DC.

No/letia raritolia

(Turcz.) Steetz

Nuxia oppositifolia

(Hochst.) Benth.

Nymphaea nouchali

Burm. f.

Nymphaea

species

Ochna arborea

Burch. ex DC

Ochna inermis

(Forssk.) Schweinf.

Ochna natalitia

(Meisn.) Walp.

Ochna pretoriensis

E.Phillips

Ochna pulchra

Hook.

Ocimum americanum

L.

Ocimum gratissimum L

Oc/mum

species

Odyssea paucinervis

(Nees) Stapf

Olax dissitiflora

Oliv.

Olea capensis L

Ophioglossum polyphyllum

A Braun

Ophioglossum

species

Opilia campestris

Eng/.

Opuntia ficus-indica

(L.) Mill.

Opuntia stricta

Haw.

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

(Taub.) Engl.

Omithogalum se/neri

(Engl. & K.Krause) Oberm.

Omithoglossum calc/cola

K.Krause & Dinter

Oropetium capense

Stapf

Orthosiphon labiatus

N.E.Br.

Orthosiphon suffrutescens

(Thonn.)

~'.K.Morton

Otoptera burchellii

DC.

Oxalis latifolia

Humb.

Oxalis semiloba

Sond.

Oxalis

species

Oxygonum alatum

Burch.

Oxygonum dregeanum

Meisn.

Oxygonum sinuatum

(Hochst. & Steud. ex Meisn.)

Dammer

Oxygonum

species

Ozoroa engleri

R& A.Fern.

Ozoroa insignis

Del.

Ozoroa paniculosa

(Sond.) R & A Fernandes

Ozoroa schinzii

(Engl.) R& A.Fern.

Pachypodium lealii

Welw.

Panicum coloratum

L.

Panicum deustum

Thunb.

Panicum dregeanum

Nees

Panicum heterostachyum

Hack.

Panicum lanipes

Mez

Panicum maximum

Jacq.

Panicum nata/ense

Hochst.

Panicum novemnerve

Stapf

Panicum schinzii

Hack.

Panicum

species

Panicum stapfianum

Fourc.

Pappea capensis

Eck/' & Zeyh.

Parinari curatellifolia

Planch. ex Benth.

Paspa/um dilatatum

Poir.

Paspalum distichum

L.

Pavetta catophylla

K.Schum.

Pavetta gardeniifolia

A Rich

Pavetta schumanniana

F.Hoffm. ex K.Schum.

Pavetta zeyheri

Sond.

Pavonia burchellii

(DC.) RADyer

Pavonia columella

Cav.

Pavonia leptocalyx

(Sond.) Ulbr.

Pavonia

species

Pechuel-Loeschea leubnitziae

(Kuntze) O.Hoffm.

Pegolettia senegalensis

Casso

Pelargonium englerianum

RKnuth

Peliostomum leucorrhizum

EMey. ex Benth.

Pel/aea calomelanos

(Swartz) Link

Peltophorum africanum

Sond.

Pennisetum foermerianum

Leeke

Pentarrhinum insipidum

EMey.

Pergularia daemia

(Forssk.) Chiov.

Peristrophe bicalyculata

(Retz.) Nees

Peristrophe cemua

Nees

PeroUs patens

Gand.

Petalidium bracteatum

Oberm.

Petalidium coccineum

S.Moore

Petalidium engleranum

(Schinz) C.B.Clarke

Petalidium luteo-album

A Meeuse

Petalidium ohopohense

P.G.Mey.

Petalidium rautanenii

Schinz

Petalidium

setosum C.B.Clarke ex Schinz

Petalidium

species

Petalidium variabile

(Engl.) C.B. CI.

Phamaceum elongatum

(DC.) Adamson

Phoenix reclinata

Jacq.

Phragmites australis

(Cav.) Steud.

Phragmites mauritianus

Kunth

Phragmites

species

Phylica retorta

Pillans

Phyllanthus asperulatus

Hutch.

Phyllanthus burchellii MOII.Arg.

Phyllanthus dinteri Pax

Phyllanthus incurvus

Thunb.

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis l.

Phyllanthus nummulariifolius

Poir.

Phyllanthus parvulus

Sond.

Phyllanthus pentandrus

Schumach. & Thonn.

Phyllanthus reticulatus

Poir.

Phyllanthus

species

Phymaspermum pinnatifidum

(Oliv.) Kallersjo

Piliostigma thonningii

(Schumach.) Milne-Redh.

Plectranthus hereroensis

Engl.

Plectranthus neochilus

Schltr.

Plectranthus

species

Plectranthus tetensis

(Baker) Agnew

Plectranthus tetragonus

Guerke

Plectroniella armata

(K.Schum.) Robyns

Plumbago zeylanica l.

Pogonarthria fleck;i

(Hack.) Hack.

Pogonarthria

species

Pogonarthria squarrosa

(Roem. & Schult.) Pilg.

Pol/ichia campestris

Aiton

Polygala erioptera

DC.

Polygala hottentotta

C.Presl

Polygala pal/ida

EMey.

Polygala producta

N.EBr.

Polygala schinziana

Chodat

Polygala

species

Polyga/a sphenoptera

Fresen.

Polygala wilmsii

Chodat

Polygonum aviculare l.

Portulaca collina

Dinter

Portulaca hereroensis

Schinz

Portulaca kermesina

N.E.Br.

Portulaca oleracea l.

Portulaca quadrifida l.

Portulaca

species

Portulacaria afra

Jacq.

Priva africana

Moldenke

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Pax

Pseudosalacia

species

Psydrax livida

(Hiern) Bridson

Plaeroxylon obliquum

(Thunb.) Radlk.

Pleleopsis myrtifolia

(M.ALawson) Engl. & Diels

Plerocarpus angolensis

DC.

Plerocarpus lucens

Guill. & Perr. ssp. antunesii

(Taub.) Rojo

Plerocarpus rotundifolius

(Sond.) Druce

Plerococcus africanus

(Sond.) Pax & K.Hoffm.

Plerodiscus aurantiacus

Welw.

Plerodiscus luridus

Hook. f.

Plycholobium biflorum

(E Mey.)

Plycholobium contortum

(N.EBr.) Brummitt

Plycholobium plica tum

(Oliv.) Harms

Pupalia lappacea (l.)

A Juss.

Pycreus pelophilus

(Ridl.) C.B.Clarke

Pyrostria hystrix

(Bremek.) Bridson

Raphionacme elata

N.EBr.

Raphionacme lanceolata

Schinz

Raphionacme procumbens

Schltr.

Raphionacme

species

Requienia pseudosphaerosperma

(Schinz)

Brummitt

Requienia

species

Requienia sphaerosperma

DC.

Rhigozum brevispinosum

Kuntze

Rhigozum obovatum

Burch.

Rhigozum

species

Rhigozum virgatum

Merxm.

&

ASchreib.

Rhigozum zambesiacum

Baker

Rhinacanthus xerophilus

AMeeuse

Rhoicissus digitata (l.f.)

Gilg & M.Brandt

Rhoicissus revoilii

Planch.

RhoiCissus tridentata (l. f.) Wild & Drum.

Rhus dentata

Thunb.

Rhus gueinzii

S~nd.

Rhus leptodictya

Diels

Rhus martothii

Eng!.

Rhus pentheri

Zahlbr.

Rhus pyroides

Burch.

Rhus

species

Rhus tenuinervis

Engl.

Rhynchosia angulosa

Schinz

Rhynchosia caribaea

(Jacq.) DC.

Rhynchosia densiflora

(Roth) DC.

Rhynchosia longiflora

Schinz

Rhynchosia minima

(L)

DC.

Rhynchosia resinosa

(A.Rich.) Baker

Rhynchosia

species

Rhynchosia sublobata

(Schumach.) Meikle

Rhynchosia totta

(Thunb.) DC.

Rhynchosia venulosa

(Hiem) K.Schum.

Rhynchospora candida

(Nees) Boeck.

Rogeria adenophylla

J.Gay ex Delile

Rothia hirsuta

(Guill.

&

Perr.) Baker

Rottboellia cochinchinensis

(Lour.) Clayton

Ruellia cordata

Thunb.

Ruellia ma/acophylla

C.B.Clarke

Ruellia patula

Jacq.

Ruelliopsis setosa

(Nees) C.B.Clarke

Sa/acia luebbertii

Loes.

Salix babylonica L

Salsola aphylla

Lf.

Sa/sola rabieana

I.Verd.

Sal sola sericata

Botsch.

Salsola tuberculata

(Moq.) Fenzl

Sa/vadora australis

Schweick.

Sa/vadora persica

L

Sansevieria aethiopica

Thunb.

Sansevieria hyacinthoides

(L) Druce

Sansevieria pearsonii

NEBr.

Sarcostemma viminale

(L.) R.Br.

Schinziophyton rautanenii

(Schinz) Radcl.-Sm.

Schizachyrium exile

(Hochst.) Pi/g.

Schizachyrium jeffreysii

(Hack.) Stapf

Schizobasis intricata

(Baker) Baker

Schkuhria pinnata

(Lam.) Cabrera

Schmidtia kalihariensis

Stent

Schmidtia pappophoroides

Steud.

Schoenoplectus muricinux

(C.B.Clarke) J.Raynal

Schotia brachypeta/a

Sond.

Schotia capitata

Bolle

Schrebera a/ata

(Hochst.) Welw.

Scilla nervosa

(Burch.) Jessop

Scilla

species

Scirpoides dioecus

(Kunth) Browning

Sclerocarya birrea

(A. Rich.) Hochst.

Sebaea grandis

(E.Mey.) Steud.

Seddera capensis

(E.Mey. ex Choisy) Hallier f.

Seddera

species

Seddera suffruticosa

(Schinz) Hallier f.

Selaginella dregei

(C.Presl) Hieron.

Senecio harveianus

MacOwan

Senecio inaequidens

DC.

Senecio saciorom

Bolus

Senecio

species

Senecio speciosus

Willd.

Senna italica

Mill.

Senna accidental is

(L) Link

Senna petersiana

(Bolle) Lock

Sericanthe andongensis

(Hiem) Robbrecht

Sericorema remotiflora

(Hook.f.) Lopr.

Sericorema sericea

(Schinz) Lopr.

Serruria stellata

Rourke

Sesamothamnus guerichii

(Engl.) E.A.Bruce

Sesamothamnus lugardii

N.

E.

Br. ex Stapf

Sesamum a/atum

Thonn.

Sesamum

species

Sesamum triphyl/um

Welw. ex Aschers

Sesbania bispinosa

(Jacq.) W. f. Wight

Sesbania sesban

(L)

Merr.

Setaria

incrassata

(Hochst.) Hack.

Setaria

sagittifolia

(A.Rich.) Walp.

Setaria species

Setaria

sphace/ata

(Schumach.) Moss

Setaria

usti/ata

de Wit

Setaria

verticil lata

(L.) P. Beauv.

Sida alba

L.

Sida chrysantha

Ulbr.

Sida cordifolia L

Sida dregei

Burtt Davy

Sida ovata

Forssk.

Sida rhombifolia

L

Sida

species

Solanecio

species

Solanum anguivi

Lam.

Solanum burchellii

Dunal

Solanum catombelense

Peyr.

Solanum coccineum

Jacq.

Solanum delagoense

Dunal

Solanum incanum

L

So/anum kwebense

N.E.Br.

Solanum multiglandulosum

Bitter

Solanum nodiflorom

Jacq.

Solanum pandurifonne

E.Mey.

Solanum

species

So/anum tomentosum L.

Sonchus oJeraceus L.

Sorghum bic%r (L.) Moench

Sorghum versicolor Andersson

Spermacoce senensis (Klotzsch) Hiem

Sphaeranthus incisus Robyns

Sphaeranthus peduncularis DC.

Sphedamnoearpus pruriens (Juss.) Szyszyl.

Spirostachys africana Sond.

Sporobo/us acinifolius Stapf

Sporobo/us africanus (Poir.) Robyns & T oumay

Sporobo/us consimi/is Fresen.

SporoboJus festivus A.Rich.

Sporobo/us fimbriatus (Trin.) Nees

Sporobo/us ioe/ados (Trin.) Nees

Sporobo/us nftens Stent

Sporobo/us panicoides A.Rich.

Sporobo/us pectinatus Hack.

Sporobo/us pyramidalis P.Beauv.

Sporobo/us sa/sus Mez

Sporobolus species

SporoboJus spicatus (Vahl) Kunth

Sporobo/us stapfianus Gand.

Stachys hyssopoides Burch. ex Benth.

Stadmannia opposftifolia (Lam.) Poir.

StapeJia gigantea N.E.Br.

Steganotaenia araliacea Hoehst.

Sterculia africana (Lour.) Fiori

Sterculia rogersii N.EBr.

Stigmatorhynchus hereroensis Schltr.

Stipagrostis hirtig/uma (Trin.

&

Rupr.) De Winter

Stipagrostis hirtig/uma (Trin.

&

Rupr.) De Winter ssp.

hirtig/uma

Stipagrostis hirtigluma (Trin. & Rupr.) De Winter ssp. patula (Hack.) De Winter

Stipagrostis hirtig/uma (Trin.

&

Rupr.) De Winter ssp. pearsonii (Henrard)

De

Winter

Stipagrostis hoehstetteriana (Beck ex Hack.)

DeWinter

Stipagrostis uniplumis (Licht.)

De

Winter

Stipagrostis unip/umis (Licht.) De Winter var. uniplumis

Stomatostemma monteiroae (Oliv.) N.E.Br.

Streptopetalum serratum Hochst.

Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze

Striga bilabiata (Thunb.) Kuntze

Striga forbesii Benth.

Striga gesnerioides (Willd.) Vatke ex Eng!.

Strychnos coecu/oides Baker

Strychnos decussata (Pappe) Gilg

Strychnos madagascariensis Poir.

Strychnos potatorum L. f.

Strychnos pungens Soler.

Strychnos spinosa Lam.

Styloehiton natalensis Schott

Stylosanthes fruticosa (Retz.) Alston

Suaeda articulata Aellen

Syzygium cordatum Hochst.

Tabernaemontana elegans Stapf

Tagetes minuta L.

Talinum amotii Hook.f.

Talinum caffrum (Thunb.) Eckl. & Zeyh.

Talinum portu/acifolium (Forssk.) Asch. ex

Schweinf.

Ta/inum species

Tapinanthus oleifolius (J.C.Wendl.) Danser

Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.

Tarenna species

Tarenna zygoon Bridson

Tavaresia bark/yi (Dyer) N.EBr.

Tec/ea pi/osa (Engl.) I.Verd.

Tephrosia burchellii Burtt Davy

Tephrosia dregeana EMey.

T ephrosia elongata E Mey.

Tephrosia longipes Meisn.

Tephrosia lupinifo/ia DC.

Tephrosia mu/tijuga R.G.N.Young

Tephrosia pietersii H.M.L.Forbes

Tephrosia polystachya E Mey.

Tephrosia purpurea

(L) Pers.

Tephrosia reptans Bak.

Tephrosia rhodesica Bak. f.

Tephrosia semig/abra Sond.

Tephrosia species

T ephrosia uniflora Pers.

Tephrosia viJlosa (L.) Pers.

Terminalia phanerophlebia Engl. & Diels

Terminalia prunioides M.A.Lawson

Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC.

Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) COOd

Tetragonia species

Tetrapogon tenel/us (Roxb.) Chiov.

Thamnosma africana Engl.

Themeda triandra Forssk.

Thesium gypsophiloides A.W.Hill

Thesium linea tum

L f.

Thesium resedoides A.W.HiII

Thesium utile A.W.HiII

Thi/achium africanum Lour.

Thunbergia atriplicifoJia EMey. ex Nees

Thunbergia dregeana Nees

Thunbergia neg/ecta Sond.

Tinnea rhodesiana

S.Moore

Tinospora fragosa

(I.Verd.) I.Verd. & Troupin

Trachyandra

species

Trachypogon spicatus

(L.f.) Kuntze

Tragia dioica

Sond.

Tragia glabrata

(MOil. Arg.) Pax & K. Hoffm.

Tragia incisifolia

Prain

Tragia okanyua

Pax

Tragia rupestris

Sond.

Tragia

species

Tragus berteronianus

Schult.

Tragus koelerioides

Asch.

Tragus racemosus (L.)

All.

Trema

species

Trianthema salso/oides

Fenzl ex Oliv.

Trianthema

species

Trianthema triquetra

Rottler ex Willd.

Triaspis hypericoides

(DC.) Burch.

Tribulus

species

Tribulus terrestris

L.

Tribulus zeyheri

Sond.

Tricalysia junodii

(Schinz) Brenan

Tricalysia

species

TrichiNa emetica

Vahl

Tricho/aena monachne

(Trin.) Stapf & C.E.Hubb.

Trichoneura grandiglumis

(Nees) Ekman

Tricliceras glanduliferum

(Klotzsch) RFern.

Tricliceras laceratum

(Oberm.) Oberm.

Tricliceras longipedunculatum

(Mast.) R Fernandes

Tricliceras schinzii

(Urb.) R Fernandes

Tripogon minimus

(ARich.) Steud.

Triraphis purpurea

Hack.

Triraphis ramosissima

Hack.

Triraphis schinzii

Hack.

Tritonia nelsonii

Baker

Triumfetta pentandra

ARich.

Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.

Trochomeria macrocarpa

(Sond.) Hook. f.

Turraea nilotica

Kotschy & Peyr.

Turraea obtusifoiia

Hochst.

Tylosema esculentum

(Burch.) ASchreib.

Tylosema fassoglense

(Schweinf.) Torre & Hillc.

Urginea epigea

RA Dyer

Urginea sanguinea

Schinz

Urginea

species

Urochloa brachyura

(Hack.) Stapf

Uroch/oa mosambicensis

(Hack.) Dandy

Uroch/oa o/igotricha

(Fig. & De Not.) Henrard

Urochloa panicoides

P.Beauv.

Uroch/oa

species

Urospermum picroides (L.) Scop. ex F.W.Schmidt

Uvaria caffra

E.Mey. ex Sond.

Vahlia capensis (L. f.) Thunb.

Vangueria

infausta

Vepris caningtoniana

Mendonca

Verbena bonariensis

L.

Vemonia cinerascens

Sch.Bip.

Vemonia cinerea (L.) Less.

Vemonia c%rata

(WiHd.) Drake

Vemonia fastigiata

Oliv. & Hiern

Vemonia natalensis

Sch.Bip. ex Walp.

Vemonia oligocephala

(DC.) Sch.Bip. ex Walp.

Vemonia poskeana

Vatke & Hildebr.

Vemonia schlechteri

O.Hoffm.

Vemonia

species

Vemonia steetziana

Oliv.

&

Hiern

Veronica persica

Poir.

Vigna frutescens

A Rich.

Vigna oblongifo/ia

A Rich.

Vigna

species

Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.

Viteflariopsis dispar

(N.E.Br.) Aubrev.

Vitex ferruginea

Vitex

species

Waltheria indica

L.

We/Witschia mirabi/is

Hook.f.

We/witschia

species

Wiflkommia annua

Hack.

Wiflkommia sarmentosa

Hack.

Wissadu/a rostrata

(Schumach.) Hook.f.

Xanthium strumarium

L.

Xanthocercis zambesiaca

(Baker) Dumaz-Ie-Grand

Xerodenis stuhlmannii

(Taub.) Mendonca &

E.C.Sousa

Xerophyta equisetoides

Bak.

Xerophyta humilis

(Baker) T.Durand & Schinz

Xerophyta retinervis

Baker

Xerophyta

species

Xerophyta squarrosa

Baker

Ximenia americana

L.

Ximenia caffra

Sond.

Xylia torreana

Brenan

Zanthoxylum capense

(Thunb.) Harv.

Zanthoxylum humile

(E.ABruce) P.G.Waterman

Ziziphus mucronata

Willd.

Zomia glochidiata

DC.

Zomia /inearis

E.Mey.

Zomia

species

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