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APPENDICES

APPENDIX

1. Average length and weight of leaves and roots of

Zea

mays grown

in

pots with quartzite control soils or ultramafic soil samples

.

APPENDIX

2

.

Heavy metal and mineral concentrations of the rocks of the

Sekhukhuneland Centre of Plant Endemism

.

APPENDIX

3. Heavy metal and mineral concentrations of soil samples along a catena in the Sekhukhuneland Centre of Plant Endemism

.

APPENDIX

4

.

Heavy metal and mineral concentrations of plant material collected along a catena in the Sekhukhuneland Centre of Plant Endemism

.

APPENDIX

5. Checklist of the plant species/infraspecific taxa occurring in the

Sekhukhuneland Centre of Plant Endemism

.

439

Appendix 1

Average length and weight of leaves and roots of

Zea mays

grown in pots with quartzite control soils or ultramafic soil samples

.

Planb/containcr

Week 2

Avcmge leaf length (mm)

Average root length (mm)

Aver.ge leaf dry mass (mg)

Average root dry mass (lUg)

Week 3

Average leaf length (mm)

Averagc root length (mm)

Average leaf dry mass (mg)

Average rool dry ma ss (mg)

Week 4

Average leaflength (mm)

Average rool length ( mm)

Average leaf dry ma ss ( rug)

Average rool dry mass (mg)

2

286

238

1 74

79

457

314

629

459

608

36 1

10 33

598

Quartzite contro l soil

~

8

304

271

189

137

426

280

452

366

527

294

698

413

270

25(,

15 ~

98

472

274

598

342

388

261

362

273

466

3 19

932

513

283

220

160

77

2

Chromium-rich soil

~ 8

405

303

6 15

407

300

245

188

91

390

268

429

257

339

243

3 19

241

254

208

152

69

415

292

560

359

352

268

363

3 13

440

Average length of leaves [n=5]

::;500

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~

300

~

200

w100

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D2ICONTROL

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SISOIL

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IfI1fI

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D2ICONTROL

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D2ISOIL

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SISOIL

2

3

WEEKS

4

441

Appendix 2 Heavy metal and mineral concentrations of the rocks of the Sekhukhuneland Centre of

Plant Endemism (I to XIII is a serpentine gradient based on the Mg : Ca Ratio of the different rocks

(see Figure 23» .

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Append i x 2 Heavy metal and m i neral concentratio n s of the rocks of the Sekhukhuneland Centre of Plant Endem i sm ( I to X II I is a serpentine gradient based on the Mg : C a

Ratio of the different rocks (see Figure 23 ) ) .

R oc k S.mpl . . [ n _ l]

Groen Valev Mrl*"IIIfi1e

M, sHshi ~ed

""a POCh Caves malll8tlte

Ctlbl ZOM clnrnlte

" - - -

6u'oors f ort

D'o'I'OXerhe

S1eeboOf1 ....

1ev concr,lIons

""epOC h caves

IUIrt5I1e

III

[)eo

Gloria blade sand

Roouenekal norl'I

MIDOCh caves cl a belse tNke

Oif antspoortjle

~

L eoID r...norftII

P , r e .ntlg'ln l lp l .

Groen Valey 5efl*lInItIII

II

V

X

X,

XII

XIII

,

"

(:;!;Nr:

GSN

,

M : C. M 0

% C ,O% N.2

0% AI20 3 S10 2'4 F205 '!'. K2 0"J0

OOJ

3>, 093

00'

'72

0 . .

30 .

75 0.0

1

138

007

01

0 _

075

112

7,.

on

013

3.22

0" 2 .

19 ' 947

008

007 1 64

.

'"

000 002

2

...

.

18

on

16 .

73 1290 133 1306

009 009 0 .. oOJ

001

".

003

0.,

'100 100 100

3 .

34

."

111 1092

12.15

225

1432

2 .

11

" .

5 .

61

-

41'

.72

2 .

0 1

1 2 .

~

2567

OOJ

1 02 4

11.91

' .

'"

356

25.81

.• n

, . (f7

38 1 4 ,59

100

..

43 .

5

52 .

8 0.01

00'

1 07

0 , 0 1

001

.,

937

001

"96

" .

7

001 002

50 .

21

100

..

'"

4 8 .

25

"

001

001

006

002

001 000

001

029

016

004

001

'"

005

001 038

n"

4 11.1

03'

. "

100 100

M ashlshll«Del1llrUld hlIrZbu'l:ite

M~C.ves~1e

Crftica l Zone ~\e

Ge lllne lhlie

B\lJ;Mtnforl pyroM .....

SteeIpoor1 ve ley concr e slons

Mac>Od1 Caves

QUlftiItI all

0.,

Glori. bleck se nd

R oossenekal nottte

M apodl Caves d abu e

Qlf an tspoortjle P'IfOxeme

Leolo Mou'I1aIn norI1e

. ctvke

II

"

'

V

-.,

-'"

IX

X

X,

XII

XIII

C.

30

96 162

29

3 9

33

1 00

24

10

,

,

,

.33

7300

71

..

'"

0

"

' 387

9

34

"33

44 4 2

100

103

'"

' 367

1 306 7500

303

13

" m

0

'36

6700

266

2760 1 00 217

1281 1 1861

'"

V

..

3275

C, Rock S.mp

' " ( n_l]

Groe n VaIev~

M u hl lhl5fll'"Dll"lllruIQ I"Iarlbi.lf(J\e

M a POCh

Caves

ITIII nttte

OftIcei Zone ~1e

Ga lla na shill

Bll" QfIfI1 or1 P'fIl)xerili

Ste e lPOOrt veley c:onc:ruIons

M aooch C _

[)eo Gbr1f, black saocI

R oo s senelcal nortte

MapOCh CaYH diabase cM<e

OIf a l"ltlPOOtte DVr'OX8I"Wle

Leota M OI.nIeI

n norIte certt1fed

P ercentl ll i i na/pia

Gf" o en Veley ~te

.....

,

S

500

'"

II fV

'"

"

121

V

-.,

1 01

136 m

500

400

X

Xl

XII

XIII

C;;:i

,

70

...

147

,<0

'15

..

11

30

73

162

136

117

30

30

170

30

30

.

6

~

,

S<

26

..

3

16

1

..

85"

54

'221

26

71

11

11

"

7

"

3

493

1 33

:

....

...

"

178

10

11

".

11

1

3801

' 40 '

3211501

1

..

34.

42

196

10003

1

"

"

25

~

100 100

M a sH"",, ~ed

M a POCh Caves'Mann* crt tl al Zone c::tYofNle

Bur pws f orllMOxerl!e

S l eeboo11 veley concrHlon5

Ma POCh

Deo

GIor1 c.ves war1Slte III

And l.1a

DOCtl Caves diaba se """

OIItantsooor1Iie ovroxente ledD M OI.I'IIIIIln~

II

V

"

-.,

"'"

X

X,

XII

XIII

' 100 100 100

100

1

24

20

28

50

1 00 eo

1<

20

100

29

"

243

1 25

164

54

540 1 43

100

100

"7

100

100

287

FomUa used In percenClQI! c:alc:Uelioni '" (IIC 160

•• Sen'f)III'UT'ibef

I

I ), . (II

61

193

100

'" if

100 ii) .

(i l

100 1 10

9101

202

166

3

"33

126

15

40 fi

1

100

1 1) ,

'"

11

0

0

12

2

,

• etc

121

2

33

121

21'

62

227

100

100

100

"

25

600 10.00

1 00

150

100

1 00

"50

"69

50

150

22

114 100

11 1 2900

'"

1 05 1600

125

..

1 00

149

900 "'

N '

1879

"

Cu

3Il

9

'"

73 777

' 94

933

14

,

22 1

'"

1

434

347

42 146

• •

26

30

42

7 7

338

20 56

78

331

1

3

"

34

27

9

34

100

.. f,

100 100

113 192

,

"

"

2575 11 4 2

140

..

'"

50

350

""

11

78

..

,

..

TIO rA. V205 % Cae3

01

1352

0"

01

"3

001

12"

2

02

.

99

034

0 .

08

"

002 047

153 07

2n 101

003

007

oOJ

001

007

00

00

1

1

0.01

MnO% F .Z03

006

001

040 011

70'

0.24

001

00 1

.

..

N' Ol\

CuO %

002 "10

003 00 1

0 .

53

100 , 0'

()() 1 ' nrlflll

nM

001 001

00'

.

17 .

" nOO4 nM'

()fl.

l '

1 .

1'

O O R r o

36

001 001 0035

13'

'00.17

100 100 100

0

0 .

.

25

0 .

29

2 . . 031

012

001 001 002

004

001

006

001

1221

"08

"

1363

.. 012

0 .

06 001

000

002

012

001

'"

001

001

0,01

0 .

01

100

-

001

001

00 1

001

001

004

00 1

001

001

..()

-

..

.

00 1

1.16

9813

..

.() .

38

100 97

2.73

113

10' 08

042 .. 75

22

'"

.

89

002

0 . .

T o t.1

9922

9901

10002

9919

0 ..

0 .

01

033

70 , 04

0 , 01 001

001

201

100 .

22

002

009

002

0 .

01

"

2

"

4

18'

002

OOJ

99"

471 0,01 001 001 106

99"

273

100 100 1 00 100

-SN

64

'"

...

...

7

634

."

53S

633

64'

641

'"

632

. .

7

1

167

22533

"300

4811

1 0100

1433

300

167 100

."

"

333

' 983

Go

3

,

'10

.3

27

21

3

13

,

42

13

24

"

22

1 00

100

'''7

100

2100 133

900

00

' 33

1 87

'33

600

533

700

....

"33

600

..

200

200

900

200

100

3

2

3

200

42

3

3

3

...

"

24

3

,

'84

1 00

67

100

100

~~

.

104

2

S,

3

3

,..

3

73

,

197

1 00

,

2

,

'

"

'"

200

1633

""

' ..

900

11833

12933

227

'"

264

282

16

2

,

109

9

300

173

218

91

,.

Y

3

1 00

2."

200

100 100

133

3233

033

200

225

100

300

1667

..

,

3

3

50

21

,

,

.. ..

;:

1 74

:

2

39

Z,

13

23

18

10

."

808

.29

100

115

n

...

...

,

134

2 ..

Pb

• •

12 3

125

7

105

"

43

50

21

33

100

100

100

100

'00

100

100

1 00

13

200

100

'00

300

100

100

25

"

1

"

104

3

2

21

1

,

1

3

~

100 100

300

200

2100

300

100

100

B .

50

900

121

60

...

::

...

100

.00

W

1

2 44

."

27'

n

2194 1 70

-

1

109

225

~

100

100

92 300 m

2500

1600

138 1400

1<00 100 2433

200

331

20"

...

'"

'42

100

100 1320

2 44 00

..

C.

1

122

346

..

10'0

,«8

3

3

14

3

,.

..

64'

631

64 0

..

,

,

21

' .

2

42 8

" "

8

100 100 100 100 100

13500

34600

10000

900

27600

noo

..

30

1 00

219400 11000

-

F

1

100

100

3 19

493

"

100

100

1 00

31900

49300

A.

1

3

9

1

3

3

'00

300

'"

637

'

'"

N.

1

2 2

3

1

7

2

18

7

2

,

300

.

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Th

16

3

3

3

,

,

,

,

U

-SN

634

3 642

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

100

.00

100

'"

631

632

12200 10000 300 200

200

60 100 63 .

400

M

100

1400 100

100

100

100

320

60

'

3

3

,

,

00

..

..

647

637

...

,47

642

63'

. "

833

375

,_

"

....

2500

-

10000

75

300

'" 1 00 90 100

100

100 100

700 100 100 100

641

200

100 60

1 00 631

-

1600 100 100 100

"0

700 100 340 1 00

64.

10000 300

200

100 60 1 00 632

22500 3000

,

,

.".

.".

"

Appendix 3 Heavy metal and m i neral concentrations of so ils sampled along a catena in the Sekhukhuneland Centre of Plant Endemism .

Soli Samples [na5)

Valley

Magnante outcrop

Eroded area

Eroded area edjl8 edRe

Lower footslope of hilt

Upper footslope of hi!!

LO'NI!r midslooe of hili

Upper midslope of hlU

Lower scarp of hill lower chrome outcrop

Outcrop !lulley

Upper scarp of hill

Upper chrome outcrop

Cerldied

Control analysis

Soli Sampl [naS)

Valley

Magnetite outcrop

Eroded IIr.a

Eroded area edlle edlle lower footstope o f hill

Upper l ootslops of hili lower midslope of hili

UPOEIf mids looe

01

hill

Lower sc arp of hill

Lower chrome outcrop

Outcro p gulley

Upper scarp of hili

U ppe r c hr ome ou t crop

Cer/ified

Control analysis

• Sample number

~. FI , 'IrP H ,

Chapter

10

1

J

K l

M

A "

B

C

0

E

F

G

H

GSNC

GSN

Mg : C a MgO% CaO% HalO

%

5102% Pl05 % K20 ,," AI203 TI02% V205 % Cr203 MnO% '.203 NIO%

LOI

Total pH

A"

058 1379 798 144

4805 003 031

1124

046 004 03 023

1151 003 425 9966 659

B 049 1321 643 041

3917 003 027 779 145 013

34

025 1883

004

65

9991 669

C

023

1927 436

026 5061 001 027 648 027 002 033 028 1094 007 53

98 46

705

D

E

F

G

H

J

K l

1

M

GSNC

GSN

024 1936 466

096

744 713

185 766 1419

214

867 1853

173 644

1131

07

04

1589

1411

037

2344

042

1109

561

8.65

IS 24 6.39

031

012

008

005

03

563

117

619

798

017

036

014

023

002

002

004

041

125

282

021

1093

007

117

5377

117 5801

003

005

052

087

1833 038

1152

072

004

004

207

088

012

017

723

719

003

002

06 3295 004 057

114 4794 007 079

061

4845 001

3393

001

048 2687 003

014

4012

001

128 4159 003

026 531 027

771 058

1136 081

002

004

004

007

011

016

628

954

001

001

003 22

021 1435 019

019 2586 019 1464 009

019 1185 048

022

1334

016

048

1463 707

23 2 .

5

2 I. 256

188 39 87

001

377

822 985 709

465

10091 754

· 283 9986 775

1986 9595 784

716 96 83 756

1211 9954 745

085 10089 667

689 99 42

707

957 9919 695

65'

02. 483 1467

06'

0012

0.008

006 375 0004 132

99 784

363 6678 02.

022 106 026

477 1429 066

008

458 021 1457 015 4 85 9897

671

"'Of "'Of 005 3. "'Of

129

10027

-

-

S

327

773

287

2 ; 5

442

347

93

351

311

447

334

596

273

140 fl5

CI

196

388

245

1 66

2 1 3

126

214

2B4

121

94

280

135

84

450

482

Sc

1

12

30

13

12

7

7

14

9

34

46

30

28

32

31

V

163

704

109

121

191

182

85

112

121

1084

11 6

Cf

2214

26238

2641

32 n

NI

321

401

528

506

14102 201

5283

479

122

81

72'

114

10824

1026

50000

930

2937 1133

168 1567 1 646

208 21206 812

65 55 34

63 80 33

C.

13

22

32

36

20

28

39

36

27

45

20

21

20

20

20

Z.

41

50

64

73

273

8 1

68

139

68

68

71

63

93

48

48

G.

12

14

9

8

11

"

14

13

42

8

30

17

22

20

' SN

659

657

928

931

655

654

937

938

883

682

673

864

685

27

7

5

4

10

8

185

181 o.

Sf y

Zf

P.

,

W Co A. N. Mo

10 133 1 3 47 85 0 4 1

113

105

16

14

88

114

11

9

10

59

46

51

78

6

7

3

74

76

87

149

110

111

0

0

0

4

4

4

4

1

1

1

,

185

27

19

176

188

206

9

11

20

9'

120

11

7

11

16 5

376

30 4 6

0

0

3

3

6

1

1

19

9

172

149

85

1 2 4

137

189

570

565

6

,.

8

10

10

20

198

28

24

3 4

36

44

235

235

6

4

53

50

15

9

11

4

43

0

61

0

36

2

4110

487

32

1 27

1 56

21

130

10 1

65

8.

2

8

4

3

7

7

18

<3

3

2

21

25

8

2

10

0

0

3

1 3

0

2

0

12

2

......

..

A

0""

B

0 ' 0

C

02>

0

07"

E

0""

F

1

!to:;

..

..

,

....

...

'"

...

-

'

"

e"".

'''~'u".

17 ", e .

. , ' " Mg

""" r. ..

.

"

,.

I

..

.. .

.... e • .

2 .

... c..

" """"U

A I

II' " "

G

;/ l J

H J

I

""

c

I

, ~.

",, " "P'

: :.:."

I

0 .

0

K

O~7

,.,.,

..

~

..

", ' "

L

0 . ,

M

0 ' .

Th 'SN

0

42

4f

0

4

7

2

4

0

0

3

0

659

657

928

931

3

3 655

654

937

-

-

936

683

682

673

864

885

VaUey and orodod ar.,,,,. Hili e l ope

ChrOOl lul n outcrop.

1 11(""' : 24 I

, , "' ''''' ~ ,

"' .

t ""' '' '' " ,,'

I h~ ·

", ,, "",,,I.',,,,,dlll,,1

( '~' "I' ''

", ,'10,,11

I

".I

.." ", ... ",

,,1111 " ... · , ..

U"' '' .,

'''''k'h

"' I' " ....

1.,

lN3~}l3d alll x!puaddv

~

~

~

,

,

,

0

H

,

,

0

,

,

,

H

,

0

,

,

0

,

H

,

,

0

,

,

,

0

,

0

,

,

,

,

0

H

,

0

,

,

0 ,

,

0

,

,

H

,

, pUelaUnl~~nll~as

SUO!leJIUaOUOo leJaU!W sl!os jO 6uOIe paldwes eUaleO e BaH A A pue IBlaw

I:

/0 aJIUa:::> 3 lueld

1WNV 30'1 A SIS

" '

"

.

' 5

I c n a.

Lnl g" lit!

U l1'

""

~"

""

""

~

"

"

~

• •

, , ,

0

,

,

H

,

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,

..

".

..

••

.,

,

..

".

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"

..

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..

1'0

N'

a,

n.

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.

1 ~ \.

.

¥

I

..,.., -

1 '

,

0

r--..

, ,

0 H

, , , ,

0 m " m.

...

~.

...

".

~

. m.

. m.

".

~.

~.

~.

'"

~. n.

..

"

••

".

"

m.

.

.

0

0

.. n.

~.

".

%<0'<1

10

,

"

~

10

,OO

10 0

".

". m. n.

" . ~,

'"

~"

N" aM

'"

~.

."

.,

OI !I

.

,,'"

"

"

"

"

"

".

..

.

~. m " m.

O ID

-

\/

,

0

I

! \

I

\

,

,

H

V~

\ /\

\

....."

"

1\

V

, , ,

0

I\

\/

N

-

1 -' :

......

__ .

1 -' I

""'0lrW

• •

,

,

0

,

0

,

H

, , ,

0

./

• •

,

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, ,

0

,

,

,

,

H 0

=~ l r

~

-wapU ' ws !

~

0

H

,

,

0

,

,

0

,

,

,

0

H

,

,

0

,

,

,

0

,

,

"

,

K.

Ir-U

II

.. u.

N"

5.

'" w.

N.

'"

""

~-

"

"

"

"

"

~

·

,

' a u

UK

.'n, au

,,~

~"

LI't

..

..

~fi

.fi "

U~ a~

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~

~

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, I\

, ,

0

, , ,

0

~

,

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,

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,

,

,

,

0

O

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(\

Appendix 4 Heavy metal and mineral concentrat

i

ons of plant material collected a

l

ong a catena (see Figure 24)

i

n the Sekhukhune

l

and Centre of Plant Endemism

.

Speclas (n-5)

Euclea sp. nov .

Pterolhnx $plnescens

Rhus keetlt

Jamesbntr 8ma atropurpurea

Otcoma garrard"

sp . nov .

Brachylaena 1IICIfoila

(forml

Euclea Im sans

Ipomoea

balhycolpos

Berlcheye InSIQms

(form I

Rhus balophylle

T

rhodeSJana

Leucas

cepenSis (forml

Orthostphon frutlCOSus

PetalKilum ob/cx"lfllfollum

Catha transvsalenSis

E ,

P ,

R k

J a

Do

P n

B I

E I

I .

B ,

R.

T ,

L c

Of

Tp

P o

C t

Pl a n t

P art

R

L

R

L

R

L

R

L

S

R

L

R

L

R

L

R

L

L

R

L

S

S

R

L

S

R

S

R

L

S

R

L

L

S

R

S

R

L

S

R

L

R

L

C a% M g %

4 .

26

4 .

81

0 .

779 0 .

058

2 .

71 0 .

05

1 .87

1.24 0 .

084

1 .

38

1 .

57 0

0 .

05

.

094

0 .

674 0 .

047

1.22

0 .

552

2.4 0.148

0 .

476 0 .

118

1 .08

1 .36

3.47

2.19

2.11

2.75

5 .

09

3.45

1 .2

56 0.053

2.2 0 .

058

1 .62 0 , 066

1 .2

16 0 .

057

1 .3 0.043

1.71 0 .

1

1 .

218

0 .

039

2.2

I

0.847

0 .

302

0 .

173

3

1 .77

0 .

238

0.493

0 .

468 0 .

155

1 .

13 0 .

193

3.38

9 .

5.6

0 .

28

0 .

134

0 , 055

0 .

079

0 .

05

0 .

154

0.102

0 .

057

0 .

053

0 .

042

0 .

14

0 .

057

0 .

04

0 .

324

0 .

1 21

0 .

246

4 .

04 0 .

846

2 .

54

0 .

376

I

6.35

I

0.455

1 .

0 .

383

3.25

3.95

0 .

138

0 .

134

N %

0.641

0.549

P%

0.679 0 .

271

0 .

529 0.247

0.748

1.32

S %

0.106

0 .

1

0.076

0 .

163

0 .

624

0.688 0 .

076

0.999 0 .

338 0 .

152

0.397 0 .

347

0.054

1 0 .

943 0 .

216

0 .

547 0.336 0 .

062

1 .

031 0.697 0 .

176

0.434

1 .

05

0.472

0 .

284 0.09

0.238 0.118

0.06 0 .

072

1.1 0 .

191 0 .

153

0 , 715 0 .

176 0.061

121

106

1 220

Al c,

N ;

F . Mn

Sa mp 'e mg/kg m g/k g mg lkg m g/kg m g/kg mg /kg H um""

17.4 26.8

:; ;

12 .

7 76 7 .

7

93.

17 .

7 5.4 9.7 302 4 .

9 93.

3 • . 5

~

1

11 .

4

7 . . 24.5

3011

1400

43.5

52

92.

92.

30

"8

117

12 .

15 92.

6 .

5

2.63

117 .

3 10 .

7 0.66

619

.,9

14 .

4 5 .9 173 7 .

7 677 4.46

.,6

24 .

1

23 .

7

74 .

2

28 .

2

4 .

73

16 .

9

1414

32 .

7 1224 5 .

82

Dill

1085 15 .6 10K

6.28

29 .

4

3155

27 .

8 2306 20 .

5

19 .

5

3

254

.,

9 .

1

8 .3

5

1007

151

7 .

1

0.Q1

7.82 3.36 33. 2.01

.,6

61.

61.

602

9.41 602

215 2 613

6 .

96

16 .

2

7.45

5.18

7 .

07

9 .

64

23 .

2

9.63

18 .

1

2.28

88 .

3

4 16

6 .

81

7 .

34

27.4

7.66

8 .

86

.2.

127

13.

951

V

4.21

1 .

11

0.3

1 .36

613

937

937

937

0 .

838 0 .

395 0 .

094

0.435 0.135 0.084

0 .

599 0 .

398 0 .

089

1 .

78

0 .

521

0.435 0 .

348 5 .

91 6 .

72 153

8 .

56 164 0 .

85 c::J::illJ

0 .

061 7 .

31 17 .

6 530 8 .

72 4 26 1.4

0.566 0 .

557 0 .

148 6 .

79

0 .

263 0.353

0 .

065

0 .

67 0 .

677

4.01

~

1.07 0.302 0 .09

1 5 .

68

5.08

0.71

15.2

5.75

740

201

10 .

5

56.4

I

135

230

1.28

0 .

06

I

5510

36 .

9

I

34M

13 .

2

167 6 .

64 19.

0.74

617

617

942

942

942

936

3.69 84 .

6 4 .

92 124 1.28

936

0.455 0.175

0 .

083

7 .

98

0.421 0.071 0.061

0.865

~

0 .

549 0.22 0 .

046

I

2.6

I

0.

1 66

0 .

576 0 .

041

LitU

0 .

02

10 .

3 5 .

24 !128

19 .

6

16 .

5 199 11 .

4 252 5.46

I

29 .

3

I

9 .

33 374 6 .

63 42 .

6 .

4

4 .

18

1 .

14

0 .

92

0 .

08

129

87

..,

5 .

74

O!U

9 .

532

,.4

72.4

2.65

1 .

01

0.41

0 .

791

0 .

036 0 .

045 9.27 5 .

82 26 .

8 541

2.75

2 0.124

0.124

7.42 0 .

37

175 35.7

0.769 0.065

0 .

027 6 .

11 3.24 149 10 .

6

CiliJ

0.054 0.02 2 .

89 2.67 .2.

18 .

1

1.4

0 .

072 0 .

07 6 .

56 5 .

33 56 .

8 18 .

7

0.473

0 .

064 0 .

027 3 .

81 0 .

01 160 24 .

5

,.3

97 .

7

1 .63

2 .

53

936

614

16.

151

..

"

1 .9

1 .2

0.65

615

615

614

596

596

596

615

605

605

605

0 .

45 0 .

069 0.033 7 .

35 6 .

28

262 10 .

2 360 2 .

36

59.

2 .

13 0.098

0 .

082

0.767 0.039 0 .

012 2 .

04 13 .

1

54 .

1 7 .

• 65 .

4 0.79

I

0.634 0.034

0 .

029 8 .

16 5 .

66 205 13 .

9

273 1 .

95

0.929 0 .

065 0 .

1 83 3.06 3 .

08

55 .

6 12 65 1 .

12

0.436 0 .

042

0 .

018

0.517 0.041

0 .

031

2 .

59

3 .

3

5 .

4

1 .8

8

3 .

94

1 .8

4

68 .

7

53.8

524 .

5

12 .8

5 .8

5

59 .

5

60 .

15 0.91

24 .

45

511.5

1 .

17

2 .

25

59.

59.

604

604

604

L " leafs. S .. s tems

& R -

I"OOt$

Highest

COncentr:: II.

IOns recorded for

1C3\'es and roots are glven

In blocks

Hyperaccumu111W"1 m accumulalOO o r metals are shaded

45 2

V1SCACEAE

Viscum capense L.f. subsp. capense [PRU: AW & SS 12969] [J] •

V. combretico/a Engl. [PRE] [CD]

V. rotundifolium L.f. [PRU: SS 804] [ABJ]

V. verrucosum Harv. [PRE] [ACD]

V1TACEAE

Cissus quadrangularis L. [PRU: ALI\/, SS & ER 13191] [BFG]

Cyphostemma humile (N.E. Br.) Desc. ex Wild & R.B. Drumm. subsp. dolichopus (C.A. Sm.)

Wild & R.B. Drumm. [PRE] [FGHKL] •

C. lanigerum (Harv.) Desc. ex Wild & R.B. Drumm. [PRE] [K]

C. oleraceum (Bolus) J.J.M. van der Merwe [PRU: AW & SS 1343] [CHJ]

C. puberulum (C.A. Sm.) Wild & R.B. Drumm. [PRU: SS 365] [ABJ]

C. segmentatum (CA Sm.) J.J.M. van der Merwe [PRE] [B]

C. sp. nov. A [SS 1383] [EFHJ]

E

C. sp. nov. B [AW 13389] [HJ]

E

C. sp. nov. C [GD 4142] [II<]

E

C. spinosopilosum (Gilg & M. Brandt) Desc. [PRU: RS 2818] [IKL]

C. subciliatum (Baker) Desc. ex Wild & R.B. Drumm. [PRE] [I]

C. sulcatum (C.A. Sm.) J.J.M. van der Merwe [PRU: AW & SS 1352] [BCF]

C.

wood;;

(Gilg & M. Brandt) Desc. [PRU: SS 1150] [ABFJ]

Rhoicissus rhomboidea (E. Mey. ex Harv.) Planch. [PRU: AW & SS 13383] [F]

R. sekhukhuniensis Retief, Siebert & Van Wyk [PRU: SS 304] [CDFHJ]

E

LR

R. sp. nov. [PRU: SS

48J

[HJ]

E

R.

tomentosa (Lam.) Wild & R.B. Drumm. [PRU: AW, SS & ER 13199] [BDFHJ] •

R.

tridentata (L.f.) Wild & Drum. subsp. cuneffolia (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Urton [PRU: AW & SS

12976] [BCDEFGHJKL] • •

ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

T ribulus terrestris L. [PRE] [B]

T. zeyheri Sond. subsp. zeyheri [AW & SS 1370]

[C]

504

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