Manual 21901750

Manual 21901750
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DOCUMENT INFORMATION
REPORT TITLE
DRAFT SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
PROJECT TITLE
MASTER PLANNING FOR NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH
PROJECT REF NO.:
310-05-04-0001
CLIENT:
SINGAPORE COOPERATION ENTERPRISE, SINGAPORE
SUBMISSION DATE:
20-07-2015
FILE NAME:
INR1401_AP_SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
APPROVALS
AUTHOR
REVIEWER
NAME
DESIGNATION
ANG CHIT SIK ASVIN
DAYANITHI THANGAVEL
RAKSHADA RAMESH RODE
SONALI MEHTA
KAUSTUBH TAMASKAR
SENIOR ENGINEER
SENIOR PLANNER
URBAN DESIGNER
URBAN DESIGNER
PROJECT MANAGER
15-07-2015
KAUSTUBH TAMASKAR
JAMES ROBERT ELLISON
KUM CHUN SEETOH
ANANDAN KARUNAKARAN
PROJECT MANAGER
VICE PRESIDENT (COASTAL ENGINEERING)
DEPUTY PROJECT DIRECTOR
PROJECT DIRECTOR
16-07-2015
Number of copies issued: -
DATE
VERSION NO.
DATE ISSUED
DETAILS
APPROVAL FOR ISSUE
1
10-07-2015
DRAFT 1
ANANDAN KARUNAKARAN
2
20-07-2015
FINAL
ANANDAN KARUNAKARAN
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THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
CONTENTS
PREFACE
V
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
VII
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
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CHAPTER 1.INTRODUCTION
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1.1INTRODUCTION
1.2
PROJECT DELIVERABLES
1.3
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 1.4
METHODOLOGY 1.4.1 DATA COLLECTION
1.4.2 SITE VISIT
1.4.3 MEETINGS WITH OFFICIALS
1.4.4 TRAINING WORKSHOPS
1.4.5 DATA ANALYSIS
1.4.6 SMART CITY FRAMEWORK 1.4.7 VISION FORMULATION
1.4.8 SEED MASTER PLAN
1.5
ORGANIZATION OF THE REPORT
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CHAPTER 2.EXISTING CONTEXT ANALYSIS
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2.1
2.2
SITE IDENTIFICATION
2.1.1 SITE SELECTION CRITERIA
2.1.2 ALTERNATIVES FOR SITE LOCATION
2.1.3 PREFERRED SITE OPTION
SITE CONTEXT, POTENTIAL AND CHALLENGES
2.2.1 SITE CONTEXT
2.2.2 URBAN DESIGN POTENTIAL
2.2.3 URBAN DESIGN CHALLENGES
CHAPTER 3.VISION, CONCEPT AND STRATEGIES
3.1
3.2
3.3
SMART CITY FRAMEWORK
SMART CITY GOALS
STRUCTURE PLAN
CHAPTER 4.DETAILED URBAN DESIGN PROPOSAL
4.1
JOBS AND HOMES FOR ALL
4.1.1 JOBS FOR ALL
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4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
CHAPTER 5.PLACE-MAKING STRATEGIES 5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
6.2
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AMARAVATI GOVERNMENT CORE
AMARAVATI DOWNTOWN
AMARAVATI GATEWAY
AMARAVATI WATERFRONT
DEVELOPMENT CONTROL RECOMMENDATIONS
5.5.1 DEVELOPMENT CONTROL PLANS
CHAPTER 6.INFRASTRUCTURE PROPOSAL
6.1
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4.1.2 HOMES FOR ALL
WORLD CLASS INFRASTRUCTURE
4.2.1 ROAD NETWORK - EFFICIENT GRID
4.2.2 PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION NETWORK
4.2.3 CHARACTER ROADS
CLEAN AND GREEN
4.3.1 PUBLIC REALM PLAN
4.3.2 ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN PRINCIPLES
QUALITY LIVING
IDENTITY AND HERITAGE
4.5.1 LANDMARKS
4.5.2 VIEWS AND VISTAS
4.5.3 TOURISM PLAN
4.5.4 WATERFRONT DEVELOPMENT
PROPOSED MASSING AND SKYLINE
SEED: MASTER PLAN
6.3
ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE
6.1.1 CONSTRUCTION ACCESS ROAD
6.1.2 ADMINISTRATIVE CORE ROADS
6.1.3 DOWNTOWN ROAD
6.1.4 BRIDGE AND SEMI-EXPRESSWAY
6.1.5 UTILITY CORRIDORS
6.1.6 FOLLOW UP ACTIONS
FLOOD MANAGEMENT 6.2.1 FLOOD PROTECTION FROM KRISHNA RIVER
6.2.2 FLOOD PROTECTION FROM KONDAVEETI VAGU
6.2.3 FOLLOW UP ACTIONS
WATER SUPPLY 6.3.1 WATER TREATMENT PLANT
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6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.3.2 WATER TRANSMISSION MAINS
6.3.3 WATER DISTRIBUTION CENTRES
6.3.4 FOLLOW UP ACTIONS
6.3.5 PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT PHASING
WASTE WATER INFRASTRUCTURE 6.4.1 FOLLOW UP ACTIONS
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
6.5.1 FOLLOW UP ACTIONS
POWER SUPPLY NETWORK
6.6.1 DIVERSION OF EXISTING OVERHEAD UHV POWER LINES
6.6.2 CONSTRUCTION OF SUB-STATIONS AND POWER SUPPLY NETWORK
6.6.3 FOLLOW UP ACTIONS 6.6.4 PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT PHASING
TELECOMS NETWORK
6.7.1 FOLLOW UP ACTIONS
PROJECTED TIMELINE FOR THE COMPLETION OF WORKS
CHAPTER 7.INDUSTRIAL STARTUP PLAN
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
INTRODUCTION
SITE ANALYSIS
OBJECTIVES
OVERALL APPROACH
7.4.1 INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER
7.4.2 GREEN NETWORK
7.4.3 COMMUNITY FACILITIES
PLANNING PARAMETERS
7.5.1 TRANSPORT PLANNING
URBAN DESIGN PROPOSAL 7.6.1 OBJECTIVES AND APPROACH
7.6.2 SUSTAINABLE STRATEGIES
7.6.3 URBAN FORM
7.6.4 PARKS AND OPEN SPACES
7.6.5 STREETSCAPE AND IDENTITY
INFRASTRUCTURE PLANS 7.7.1 INTRODUCTION
7.7.2 INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES SERVICES.
CONCLUSION
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
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CHAPTER 8.IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES
8.1
8.2
DEVELOPMENT PHASING
INFRASTRUCTURE FOLLOW UP ACTIONS
APPENDICES
APPENDIX 1: BENCHMARKING
APPENDIX 2: DETAILED LANDUSE TABLE
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LIST OF FIGURES
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FIG.2.1 IDENTIFICATION OF URBAN DESIGN SITE
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FIG.2.2 IDENTIFICATION OF URBAN DESIGN SITE: SCENARIO 1
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FIG.2.3 IDENTIFICATION OF URBAN DESIGN SITE: SCENARIO 2
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FIG.2.4 IDENTIFICATION OF URBAN DESIGN SITE: SCENARIO 3
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FIG.2.5 FINAL CHOSEN OPTION FOR THE SEED DEVELOPMENT AREA
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FIG.2.6 SITE CONTEXT MAP
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FIG.2.7 LOCATION MAP
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FIG.2.8 SEED DEVELOPMENT TODAY
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FIG.3.1 STRUCTURE PLAN FOR SEED DEVELOPMENT AREA
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FIG.4.1 SEED: EMPLOYMENT PLAN
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FIG.4.2 DISTRIBUTION OF LAND USE
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FIG.4.3 DISTRIBUTION OF RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS
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FIG.4.4 SEED: RESIDENTIAL PLAN
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FIG.4.5 MOOD IMAGES - HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL
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FIG.4.6 MOOD IMAGES - MEDIUM RISE RESIDENTIAL
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FIG.4.7 MOOD IMAGES - LOW RISE RESIDENTIAL
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FIG.4.8 MOOD IMAGES - MIXED USE DEVELOPMENTS
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FIG.4.9 SEED: ROAD NETWORK PLAN
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FIG.4.10 SEED:TRANSIT NETWORK
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FIG.4.11 ACTIVE EDGES ALONG THE CENTRAL BOULEVARD
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FIG.4.12 TYPICAL SECTION FOR THE CENTRAL BOULEVARD
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FIG.4.13 ACTIVE EDGES ALONG THE RIVER KRISHNA BOULEVARD
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FIG.4.14 RIVER KRISHNA BOULEVARD
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FIG.4.15 TYPICAL SECTION FOR THE DOWNTOWN ROAD
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FIG.4.16 TYPICAL SECTION FOR THE COLLECTOR ROAD
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FIG.4.17 ACTIVE EDGES ALONG THE DOWNTOWN ROAD
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FIG.4.18 SEED: PUBLIC REALM PLAN
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FIG.4.19 MOOD IMAGES- PARKS & GREENS
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FIG.4.20 SEED DEVELOPMENTS CLIMATIC STRATEGIES
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FIG.4.21 TYPICAL ROAD SECTIONS THAT CONTRIBUTE IN CREATING A SUITABLE MICRO-CLIMATE
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FIG.4.22 SEED: AMENITIES PLAN
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FIG.4.23 EXAMPLES OF CITY LEVEL PUBLIC FACILITIES
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FIG.4.24 SEED: LANDMARKS , NODES, VIEWS AND VISTAS
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FIG.4.25 MOOD IMAGES- LANDMARK BUILDINGS
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FIG.4.26 CAPITAL CITY RELIGIOUS TOURISM PLAN
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FIG.4.27 SEED: TOURISM PLAN
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FIG.4.28 ACTIVATING THE WATERFRONT WITH BUND AS THE PROMENADE
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FIG.4.29 BUND AS ACTIVE PUBLIC SPACE
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FIG.4.30 BUND INTEGRATED WITH THE DEVELOPMENT
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FIG.4.31 MASSING AND SKYLINE
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FIG.4.32 SECTION SHOWING THE SKYLINE FOR SEED DEVELOPMENT
FIG.4.33 LANDUSE PLAN
FIG.5.1 ILLUSTRATIVE PLAN: AMARAVATI GOVERNMENT NODE
FIG.5.2 LOCATION PLAN: AMARAVATI GOVERNMENT NODE
FIG.5.3 ARTIST’S IMPRESSION - AMARAVATI GOVERNMENT NODE
FIG.5.4 DIAGRAM ILLUSTRATING PLACEMAKING STRATEGIES FOR AMARAVATI GOVERNMENT NODE
FIG.5.5 LOCATION PLAN - AMARAVATI DOWNTOWN
FIG.5.6 ILLUSTRATIVE PLAN: AMARAVATI DOWNTOWN
FIG.5.7 ARTIST’S IMPRESSION - AMARAVATI DOWNTOWN ROAD
FIG.5.8 DIAGRAM ILLUSTRATING PLACEMAKING STRATEGIES FOR AMARAVATI DOWNTOWN CORE
FIG.5.9 ILLUSTRATIVE PLAN: AMARAVATI GATEWAY
FIG.5.10 LOCATION PLAN: AMARAVATI GATEWAY
FIG.5.11 DIAGRAM ILLUSTRATING PLACEMAKING STRATEGIES FOR AMARAVATI GATEWAY
FIG.5.12 ARTIST’S IMPRESSION - AMARAVATI GATEWAY
FIG.5.13 LOCATION PLAN - AMARAVATI GATEWAY
FIG.5.14 ILLUSTRATIVE PLAN: AMARAVATI WATERFRONT
FIG.5.15 ARTIST’S IMPRESSION - AMARAVATI WATERFRONT
FIG.5.16 DIAGRAM ILLUSTRATING PLACEMAKING STRATEGIES FOR AMARAVATI WATERFRONT
FIG.5.17 URBAN DESIGN CONTROL - CONCEPT PLAN
FIG.5.18 RECOMMENDED BUILDING USE PLAN
FIG.5.19 RECOMMENDED MANDATORY BUILDING EDGE PLAN
FIG.5.20 RECOMMENDED PUBLIC ACCESS PLAN
FIG.6.1 PROPOSED DOWNTOWN ROAD SERVING THE SEED DEVELOPMENT
FIG.6.2 DOWNTOWN ROAD CROSS-SECTION (WITHOUT RAPID TRANSIT NETWORK)
FIG.6.3 DOWNTOWN ROAD CROSS-SECTION (WITH RAPID TRANSIT NETWORK)
FIG.6.4 DOWNTOWN ROAD CROSS-SECTION INDICATING LOCATIONS FOR SERVICES AND UTILITIES.
FIG.6.5 DIGITAL ELEVATION ANALYSIS OF THE SEED DEVELOPMENT AREA
FIG.6.6 REALIGNMENT AND STRENGTHENING OF THE KRISHNA RIVER BUND
FIG.6.7 RAISING OF PLATFORM LEVELS FOR THE SEED DEVELOPMENT AND ISLAND
FIG.6.8 PROPOSED WATER CHANNEL WITHIN THE SEED DEVELOPMENT TO BE CREATED BY DREDGING
FIG.6.9 CONSTRUCTION OF DIVERSION DRAINS AROUND THE SEED DEVELOPMENT
FIG.6.10 WATER SUPPLY STRATEGY FOR SEED DEVELOPMENT
FIG.6.11 SEED DEVELOPMENT WATER SUPPLY NETWORK, BY PHASES: PHASE 1, 2,3,4 & 5
FIG.6.12 WASTE WATER STRATEGY FOR SEED DEVELOPMENT
FIG.6.13 POSSIBLE ROUTES TO THE SOLID WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY IN GUNTUR
FIG.6.14 PROPOSED DIVERSION OF OVERHEAD POWER LINES AROUND THE SEED DEVELOPMENT
FIG.6.15 EXISTING OVERHEAD POWER LINES AROUND THE SEED DEVELOPMENT
FIG.6.16 SEED DEVELOPMENT POWER SUPPLY NETWORK, BY PHASES
FIG.6.17 PROPOSED TELECOM NETWORK
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FIG.6.18 PRELIMINARY TIMELINE FOR THE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT WORKS TO SUPPORT SEED
DEVELOPMENT PHASE 1
FIG.7.1 LOCATION OF THE PROPOSED INDUSTRIAL START-UP
FIG.7.2 SITE COMPATIBILITY & CONNECTIVITY
FIG.7.3 LAND PARCELS SAFEGUARDED FOR THE INDUSTRIAL START-UP DEVELOPMENT
FIG.7.4 BROAD LAND USE PLAN
FIG.7.5 FLEXIBLE SUBDIVISION
FIG.7.6 PARCELLATION PLAN FOR THE CLUSTERS NORTH OF THE PROPOSED EXPRESSWAY FIG.7.7 PARCELLATION PLAN FOR THE CLUSTERS SOUTH OF THE PROPOSED EXPRESSWAY FIG.7.8 TYPICAL LAYOUT OF STANDARD FACTORY
FIG.7.9 GREEN BUFFERS AND INTERNAL GREEN SPINES FIG.7.10 GREEN BUFFERS AND INTERNAL INTERACTIVE GREEN SPINES
FIG.7.11 STRATEGIC LOCATION FOR AMENITY CENTRE
FIG.7.12 BASIC FACILITIES IN INTERACTIVE AMENITY CENTRES
FIG.7.13 PLOT RATIO PLAN
FIG.7.14 BUILDING HEIGHT PLAN
FIG.7.15 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BUILDING HEIGHT AND PLOT RATIO
FIG.7.16 CROSS SECTION ILLUSTRATES ROAD BUFFER
FIG.7.17 EGRESS AND INGRESS PLAN
FIG.7.18 ENVISAGED URBAN DESIGN INTENTION FIG.7.19 CLUSTERS WITH LOGISTICS FACILITIES LOCATED NORTH OF THE PROPOSED EXPRESSWAY
FIG.7.20 VARIOUS SIZES OF BUILDINGS AND LANDS
FIG.7.21 SAMPLE DESIGN OF PERIMETER WALL
FIG.7.22 THE INDUSTRIAL START-UP DEVELOPMENT OF AMARAVATI CITY
FIG.7.23 VARIOUS SIZES OF BUILDINGS AND LANDS
FIG.7.24 EXISTING FLOOD PLAN
FIG.7.25 PROPOSED DRAINAGE NETWORK
FIG.7.26 PROPOSED WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK AND TAPPING POINT
FIG.7.27 PROPOSED SEWERAGE NETWORK AND DISCHARGE POINT TO TRUNK SEWER
FIG.7.28 SOLID WASTE TO TRANSFER STATION
FIG.7.29 PROPOSED POWER NETWORK AND 33KV SUB-STATION LOCATION-
FIG.8.1 PHASE 1 ILLUSTRATIVE PLAN
FIG.8.2 PHASE 2 ILLUSTRATIVE PLAN
FIG.8.3 PHASE 3 ILLUSTRATIVE PLAN
FIG.8.4 PHASE 4 ILLUSTRATIVE PLAN
FIG.8.5 PHASE 5 ILLUSTRATIVE PLAN
FIG.8.6 ACTION PLAN 1: CONSTRUCT PROPOSED DOWNTOWN ROADS
FIG.8.7 ACTION PLAN 2: DEVELOP THE DOWNTOWN ROAD
FIG.8.8 ACTION PLAN 3: CONSTRUCT FLOOD PROTECTION MEASURES
FIG.8.9 ACTION PLAN 4: DEVELOP PROPOSED WATER SUPPLY NETWORK
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
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FIG.8.10 ACTION PLAN 5: DEVELOP PROPOSED WASTE WATER NETWORK
FIG.8.11 ACTION PLAN 6: DIVERT OVERHEAD POWER LINES
FIG.8.12 ACTION PLAN 7: DEVELOP PROPOSED POWER SUPPLY NETWORK
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LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 2.1 EXISTING LAND DISTRIBUTION
TABLE 4.1 PROVISION OF PUBLIC FACILITIES (BASED ON URDFI GUIDELINES)
TABLE 4.2 SEED: LANDUSE DISTRIBUTION TABLE
TABLE 6.1 CRDA’S FOLLOW UP ACTIONS FOR ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE
TABLE 6.2 CRDA’S FOLLOW UP ACTIONS FOR FLOOD MANAGEMENT
TABLE 6.3 CRDA’S FOLLOW UP ACTIONS FOR WATER SUPPLY
TABLE 6.4 WATER DEMAND PROJECTIONS
TABLE 6.5 SEWAGE TREATMENT PROJECTIONS
TABLE 6.6 CRDA’S FOLLOW UP ACTIONS FOR WATER SUPPLY
TABLE 6.7 CRDA’S FOLLOW UP ACTIONS FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
TABLE 6.8 CRDA’S FOLLOW UP ACTIONS FOR POWER SUPPLY
TABLE 6.9 POWER DEMAND AND THE SUBSTATIONS TO BE BUILT TO SERVE EACH PHASE
TABLE 6.10 CRDA’S FOLLOW UP ACTIONS FOR TELECOMS NETWORK
TABLE 7.1 OVERALL LAND USE AREAS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL START-UP AREA
TABLE 7.2 BROAD UTILITIES DEMAND (INDUSTRIAL ZONES)
TABLE 8.1 SEED: PHASE WISE LANDUSE DISTRIBUTION TABLE
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PREFACE
Project Background
Andhra Pradesh is building a new
Capital City following the bifurcation
of the state in February 2014. The new
city is located between Vijayawada
and Guntur and it is envisaged to be a
world class Capital City for the people
of Andhra Pradesh.
Project Scope and Commissioning
On 08 December 2014, the
governments of Singapore and Andhra
Pradesh signed a Memorandum of
Understanding to collaborate on the
master planning and development of
the new Andhra Pradesh Capital City.
The Memorandum of Understanding
was signed between the Infrastructure
Corporation of Andhra Pradesh and
International Enterprise (IE) Singapore
and witnessed by Chief Minister of
Andhra Pradesh, Nara Chandrababu
Naidu and Singapore’s Second Minister
for Trade and Industry of Singapore, S.
Iswaran.
The Centre for Liveable Cities and
Singapore Cooperation Enterprise
have also provided their expertise
and assistance in master planning and
development of Andhra Pradesh’s
institutional
capacity
in
urban
governance and related areas through
training programmes for AP officials
responsible for the development of the
Capital City.
View from the Prakasam Barrage Road
Surbana International Consultants
Pte Ltd and Jurong Consultants Pte
Ltd were appointed by the Singapore
government to undertake the master
planning for the Andhra Pradesh
Capital City Project. Surbana was the
lead consultant in planning, urban
design and infrastructure planning; and
Jurong, the sub-consultant conducted
the economic studies, positioning and
industrial estate planning.
This project comprises of the following
milestones:
Capital Region Plan
- To set the planning direction and
strategies for the Capital Region of
Andhra Pradesh.
Capital City Master Plan
- To prepare a detailed Master plan
(Landuse and Zoning Plans) for the new
Capital City of Andhra Pradesh.
Seed Development Master Plan
- To prepare Urban Design and
development control guidelines for the
first section of the Capital City
Capital Region Plan
The Capital Region Plan submitted at
the end of stage 1, provided a regional
master plan that would provide a guide
for the future development of the
Capital Region Area and the new city.
The completion of the Capital Region
Plan on 30 March 2015 marked the
achievement of the first milestone for
the Singapore-Andhra Pradesh Capital
City collaboration project.
Capital City Master Plan
The Capital City Master plan submitted
at the end of stage 2 presented the
goals and strategies to guide the future
development within the capital city.
The master plan further presented
Zoning and Landuse plans that translate
the city’s goals and strategies into
implementable plans and framework.
The proposal also presented the
development phasing and action plans
to provide a clear mechanism for
development.
Completion of the third milestone
This report presents the SEED
development Master plan proposal
elaborating the goals and strategies for
the SEED development. The master plan
provides a clear growth direction for the
SEED development area by providing a
detailed landuse plan and simulation.
The report further presents strategic
development phasing and action plans
which provide a clear mechanism for
directing the future development.
The completion of SEED Master Plan
Report, earmarks the completion of
the third and final milestone for the
Singapore-Andhra Pradesh Capital City
collaboration project.
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THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
VII
We would like to acknowledge and thank the following individuals and organizations for their invaluable insights and
contributions towards the preparation of the “SEED Master Plan Report.”
Andhra Pradesh Government Officers
Giridhar Aramane, IAS, Principal Secretary to Government, Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department
Srikant Nagulapalli, IAS, Commissioner, Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority, Vijayawada
Pothireddy Thimma Reddy, Director of Town & Country Planning
Dr. Pamu Panddu Runga Rao, Enginnering in Chief, Public Health
Avula Suresh, Additional Director, Town Planning
Local Body/ Police Officials within Capital Region
Ganeshan Veerapandian, I.A.S., Municipal Commissioner, Vijayawada
Dr. Sreedhar Cherukuri, I.A.S., Joint Collector, Guntur & incharge Municipal Commissioner, Guntur
Prabhala Gopinadh, Municipal Commissioner, Tenali
A.B.Venkateswara Rao, IPS, Commissioner of Police, Vijayawada
P.H.D. Ramakrishna, IPS, Superintendent of Police, Guntur
Officials from CRDA
Ravi Ramakrishna Rao, Head Planning, CRDA
Veepanagandla Ramudu, Planner, CRDA
Rikkala Srinivasa Reddy, Divisional Forest Officer, AP CRDA, Vijayawada
G.A.Suryanarayana, P.S. to Commissioner, CRDA, Vijayawada
Gullapalli Nageswara Rao, Planning Officer, CRDA, Vijayawada
Bathula Sesha Srinivasa Rao, Executive Engineer, CRDA, Vijayawada
D. Mallikharjuna Rao, Administrative Officer, CRDA, Vijayawada
Bandla Siva Sankar Prasad, I.F.S., Member Secretary, AP Pollution Control Board, Hyderabad.
Dr.A. Nageswara Rao, Scientist-E, AP State Application Centre, Hyderabad
T. Narendra Babu, Scientist-E, AP State Application Centre, Hyderabad
Dr. G. Prasada Rao, Scientist-E, AP State Application Centre, Hyderabad
Dr. G. Kumaraswami, Team Leader, AP State Application Centre, Hyderabad
Dr. P. Eswaramma, Team Leader, AP State Application Centre, Hyderabad
A farmer sitting outside his neighbour’s house in Neerukonda Village.
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THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
This report presents the “SEED Development Master Plan”. Before presenting the Detailed Master
plan proposal, the report elaborates the Site selection process and the detailed site analysis
undertaken by the planning teams. This analysis forms the basis for the preparation of the Master
plan. A Smart City Framework guides the vision and goals for the SEED development, these goals
are translated into a set of development strategies which guide the development’s various urban
design layers. These include, Jobs and Homes for all, World Class Infrastructure, Clean and Green,
Quality Living, and Identity and Heritage.
The various urban design strategies are translated into the landuse plan for the SEED development
area. Further, the report presents the implementation strategies including Phasing plans and Follow
up Actions for the SEED development area.
Note: Artist impressions are subjected to detailed design development
Site
Selection
Site Selection Options
X
Before proceeding with the Master plan proposal, a site selection process was undertaken by the Consultants.
In order to select the best suited location for the SEED development 3 alternative Site Scenarios were presented
to the Honourable Chief Minister and the CRDA based on a Site selection criteria.
Alternative 1A
Alternative 1B
Preferred Site Option
Considering the pros and cons, both from a design point of view and respecting the aspirations of the
Andhra Pradesh Government, a revised final option was prepared that captured the desirable characteristics
from the options. Primarily, this option is a modified version of Option 1. The SEED development focus is
retained along the southern bank of Krishna river. The cardinal north-south axis will house the government
core buildings. The deviation from Option 1 is that in order to achieve the ceremonial and grand quality
of the axis, the government core functions will be distributed along this north-south axis with maximum
concentration on the northern end. Neerukonda hill forms the southern termination of this axis. To the
north, the visual axis extends all the way to the Kondapalli Hill Forest.
The resultant chosen outcome for the SEED development location also considers the critical distance
necessary between the Government Administrative core and the existing Vijayawada city. This critical
distance allows to capture the synergies of the adjacency of the 1+ million population in Vijayawada, but
at the same time retains enough distance to create a new identity for the new Capital City. The natural
direction of growth of the SEED development will help expand and bridge the gap between Vijayawada and
the new Government Core.
Identification of Urban design Site: Scenario 1
Alternative 2A
Alternative 2B
Identification of Urban design Site: Scenario 2
Identification of Urban design Site: Scenario 3
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
Final Chosen Option for the SEED Development Area
Smart City
Framework
With the cities around the globe gearing up towards becoming “Smart”, it is important to establish a clear framework that will help to achieve this Vision. The Government of India has recently announced their plans to plan
for 100 Smart Cities around the country, which includes
several State Capitals. Amaravati, the new State Capital of
Andhra Pradesh offers an excellent opportunity to realise
this target as it is mostly being built on a greenfield site,
with minimal constraints for development. Amaravati’s vision has been established
as the “People’s Capital”.
Therefore, it is necessary to
fine-tune this framework
to achieve this Vision. As
such, the framework that
has been developed consists of 6 Goals, 2 each to
respond to the 3 pillars of
sustainability. Another key factor that contributes to the
Smartness of a city is technology that cuts across all these
goals. The master plan allows for technology to be integrated and as a result enhance the overall Smartness to a
next level. The 6 Smart Goals established specifically for
Amaravati have been elaborated on the following page.
This report will focus on how these Goals have been translated from the Capital Region, Capital City down to the
SEED Development Master plan and to demonstrate their
application within the SEED area.
SMART
XI
Smart City
Goals
Jobs and Homes for All
XII
The first and most important goal for Amaravati is to generate jobs and
provide homes for all. People belonging to all strata of society, irrespective of
their financial and social status, will be able to find a source of income and
an affordable home within the newly planned city. The SEED Development
will lay the foundation stone to achieve this goal. Hence, it becomes critical to
demonstrate how Jobs and Homes for All has been achieved within this startup
development area. Technology enablers such as cellphone and internet access help people search for
relevant opportunities and make this process very convenient for the residents and workers. Along with
this, skill development programs will also help strengthen the economic base of the city by creating the
necessary workforce.
Clean and Green
The inherent strength of the Amaravati site lies in its green existing environment.
The presence of the majestic Krishna river, several canals and village tanks, and
the greenery give this site a very unique opportunity to be developed as a Clean
and Green city. It is very important that this potential is exploited to the fullest.
This will go a long way in helping to create a sense of place and ownership for
the people to voluntarily work towards maintaining this valuable asset of the
city. The SEED development has been strategically chosen to take advantage of 7 km long waterfront
along river Krishna. The macro level principles will be translated to demonstrate how this potential of the
site can be utilized to its maximum. Multi functional green spaces, not only for recreation, but also for
flood management and other infrastructure becomes the backbone structure for the SEED development.
Quality Living
All aspects of quality of life need to addressed in order for the users to
appreciate. Among the few important aspects include safety, convenience,
health, education, etc. The plan will adopt a model that will enable people
to experience this first hand. Factors such as safe walking distance for kids to
primary schools, ease of access to senior citizens, or access to grocery shops
without having to use cars, all of these contribute to creating a big whole to achieve the desired quality
of life. Technology such as mobile applications have helped make this aspect more tangible by providing
the necessary information at the touch of a fingertip. SEED development also adopts this framework to
pioneer and demonstrate the Quality Living aspect.
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
World Class Infrastructure
Developing a state of art transportation network is paramount to any world
class city. Whether it is roads, metro-rail or waterways, convenience of commute
plays an extremely important role in the economic success of a city. This has
been demonstrated in most of the successful cities around the world. Factors
such as the time required for home to work commute, airport to city commute
has proved to help attract investments to cities along with adding the necessary
convenience for the residents and workers. In addition to this, technology needs to be induced to extract
maximum potential of the hard infrastructure. Data analytics and inputs can help take the efficiency of
transport infrastructure to levels never seen before. The SEED Development shall become a benchmark
to achieve this for the rest of the city and region at large.
Efficient Resource Management
Smart Cities need to take the aspect of resource management to a higher level.
Be is power, sewerage, drainage, water-supply, etc., not only do the networks
have to designed efficiently, but state of art engineering technology needs to
be integrated to help improve the efficiency of the systems. Wireless sensors
are now able to collect and transmit information from almost any object — for
instance, roads, food crates, utility lines and water pipes. And the improved
software helps interpret the huge flow of information, so raw data becomes useful knowledge to monitor
and optimize transport and other complex systems. Research has shown that the efficiency payoff
translates into big reductions in energy used, greenhouse gases emitted and natural resources consumed.
Computer enhanced infrastructure enables making better informed decisions starting from the planning
stage to the implementation and management.
Identity and Heritage
The Amaravati site is blessed with several heritage and cultural centres in the
immediate surroundings such as the existing Amaravathi city, Undavalli caves,
Kanakdurga temple, etc. The proposed design will ensure that this aspect is well
respected and integrated within the design. These elements are very important
for the existing residents within the Capital Region. To complement this, the
SEED development will help create a modern image of the city that will blend well with the existing image.
The heritage and modern elements together tie up to create an interesting dynamic that in turn helps to
create a unique image of the city and also helps in promoting it as a tourist destination.
Smart City
Jobs and Homes for all
Layers
Clean and Green
Quality Living
XIII
Mixed - use
High Rise Residential
Mid Rise residential
Low Rise Residential
Habitations
Convention Centre and Offices
Offices/IT/Hospitality
Business Park
Government Administration
Primary Greens
Secondary Greens
Pedestrian Paths
Neighborhood Parks
Transit Oriented Developments
Schools
Neighborhood Parks
Neighborhood Centres
1km TOD Catchment Area
400m Walkability Radius
Proposed Employment and Residential uses
Proposed Green and Blue Network
Proposed Civic Amenities
4 hierarchies of commercial and 5 types of residential developments
have been proposed within the SEED area.
A well woven network of parks and open spaces weaves through the
development terminating at the vibrant public river Krishna waterfront.
As Downtown is the vibrant heart of the City several important city and
town level public facilities have been planned within the SEED area.
World Class Infrastructure
Efficient Resource Management
Identity and Heritage
Semi Expressway
Arterial Roads
Sub Arterial Road
Downtown Road
Collector Roads
Transit Oriented Developments
High Speed Rail
BRT
MRT
Water Taxi
MRT Stations
BRT Stops
220/132 kV Substation
132/33 kV Substation
33/11kV Substation
132 kV Transmission Power lines
33 kV Transmission Power Lines
11kV Distribution Power Lines
Water Distribution Centres
Water Mains
Sewage Lifting Stations
Proposed Trunk Sewers
Temporary STP
Landmarks Buildings
View Corridors
Proposed Transportation network
Proposed Infrastructure Layout
Proposed Landmarks,Views and Vistas
A well connected road and public transportation has been proposed
within the SEED area.
A well integrated network of Flood manag., Water Supply, Sewerage,
Solid Waste & Power supply has been proposed within the SEED area.
11 important landmarks and 3 view corridors have been proposed
within the SEED development to create a unique identity.
SEED
Master Plan
SEED: MASTER PLAN
The various urban design strategies
are translated into the illustrated
landuse plan for the SEED development
area. The plan creates 635,000 jobs
and accommodates over 300,000
residential population within the 1694
ha SEED area. The Master plan on the
right, illustrates the proposed Master
plan for the SEED development. The
strategies and proposals for the landuse
plan include:
XIV
• To create a unique skyline for the
City.
Special focus has been laid on 4
important nodes which establish the
character of the SEED Development.
These key nodes include Amaravati
Government
Core,
Amaravati
Downtown, Amaravati Gateway and
Amaravati Waterfront. Special place
making strategies have been proposed
for these nodes.
• To create a variety of sustainable
jobs by devising an effective strategy
for employment distribution.
• To provide for variety of lifestyle :
The plan proposes 4 main residential
typologies for the SEED development
• To create for world class infrastructure
solutions: The plan proposes smart
infrastructure solutions along with
smart mobility for creating a world
class Central Business District.
• To ensure good quality living:
The SEED Urban Design proposal
incorporates ensure good quality
living standards into the SEED master
plan.
• To create an identity and sense of
place within SEED development,
landmark structures are proposed
• To promote culture and heritage of
Amaravati City: The Tourism Plan
proposes a number of attractions
within the SEED Development area
SEED Development Master Plan
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
1694 ha
Total SEED Area
300,000
Resident Population
635,000
Total Jobs
XV
SEED Development Masterplan
Place-making Strategies
Amaravati Government Core
XVI
The government core is probably the most
important area of the Capital City. It will house
the seat of the state government, which is the
very reason for the existence of the capital city.
The Amaravati government core houses the 3 civic
arms of the Andhra Pradesh state. Special design
consideration has been given to this important
government axis through the following place
making strategies:
• The frontage of the buildings facing the central
green space are designed to be vehicle free.
Vehicle access is restricted to the rear side.
• Physical barriers between the government
buildings and the green central park should
be avoided as far as possible in order to allow
people to experience and be as close the
government functions as possible.
• These green spaces can be uses for numerous
F&B activities such as canteens, coffee shops,
alfresco dinning, etc. in addition to functioning
as a park where people can spend their leisure
time.
• At the same time, it becomes critical to maintain
the security and allow flexibility of the spaces to
increase security as and when required.
Covered
Walkway
Outdoor
Refreshment Area
Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Government Node
Spillage of activities on
to the green space
Underpass to
allow for seamless
connectivity
Civic Axis functioning
as public space
Active use like retail,
restaurants, cafes
Amaravati Downtown
The Amaravati Downtown is the commercial heart
of the Capital city. This area has the best access
through public transit. Therefore, the following
strategies will help exploit maximum potential:
• The buildings along the central boulevard are
proposed to have no setbacks and active uses
such as retail, restaurants, cafes on the ground
storey. These will be allowed to spill over on
to the walkways in order to create an active
building edge.
• Vehicular access is discouraged along the central
boulevard as it is a Major arterial road. This also
allows continuity of the active building edges.
• The buildings are designed to be integrated
seamlessly with the MRT stations to allow
comfort for the commuters.
• The landmark towers that are illustrated in
Figure, will be integrated with MRT stations so
that commuters can directly access the buildings
from the station level.
• The corners of the building at the illustrated
junction will receive special articulation in order
to accentuate its importance as a transit and
commercial node.
Amaravati Government Core - Public Realm
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Downtown Road
Landmark Towers
Spillage of commercial
activities on to the green space
Buildings integrated
seamlessly with MRT
station
Amaravati Downtown - Public Realm
Note: All artist’s impressions in this report are subjected to detailed design development
Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Government Core
Active use like Bus-bay
retail, cafes
Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Downtown
Amaravati Gateway
This node will create the first impression of the
Capital City because it forms the gateway to the
city and SEED development. It has been designed
in a way to create the necessary impact that
one needs to feel while entering the Capital City.
Following strategies will help achieve the above:
• The bridge is designed in itself to become a
symbol of the city to welcome the arrivals.
• Appropriate parcels have been identified to be
developed for the Iconic Gateway towers and to
emphasize the grandeur effect of entering the
capital city.
• This has been further enhanced by carefully
setting back the building to create a larger
green/public space in front of the building that
allows one to appreciate the buildings. These
will be active urban spaces with F&B, retail, and
also showcasing open air performances.
• These spaces are seamlessly connected to the
wetland park and the public waterfront.
• The rooftop of the podium building will be
visible while arriving from the iconic bridge
and is proposed to house open to sky public
activities.
F & B , Retail, outdoor
refreshment areas
Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Gateway
Open to sky public
activities
Amaravati Waterfront
The Amaravati waterfront is envisioned as an active
public waterfront with city level commercial and
recreational uses. The key place making strategies
for the Amaravati waterfront include:
• Large public buildings are proposed along the
waterfront to attract people to the waterfront.
In accordance to this, large public spaces have
been designed to accommodate these numbers.
• The buildings and public spaces are designed to
barrier free in order to integrate the interiors
and exteriors.
• The ground level of these buildings are
encouraged to have direct access from the
public spaces.
• The Amaravati plaza is a grand plaza that will
be a multipurpose space housing activities such
as waterfront amphitheaters, traditional street
hawkers, etc in order to create an interesting yet
compatible mix of activities.
Seamless pedestrian
Building setback to Commercial
create larger public Edge along the connection to wetland
park
public space
space
Promenade
XVII
Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Waterfront
Barrier free
public spaces
Seamless pedestrian
connection to BRT station
Amaravati Gateway - Public Realm
Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Gateway
Amphitheater
Promenade integrating
with the building
Amaravati Waterfront - Public Realm
Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Waterfront
Development
PHASE 1
XVIII
Phasing
18%
Total SEED Area
26,000
PHASE 2
18%
Total SEED Area
94,000
PHASE 3
18%
PHASE 4
11%
PHASE 5
35%
Total SEED Area
Total SEED Area
Total SEED Area
99,000
29,000
50,000
3.35 mil m2
Resi. Population
Resi. Population
Resi. Population
2.49 mil m2
4.03 mil m2
4.04 mil m2
3.29 mil m2
Gross Floor Area
Gross Floor Area
95,000
160,000
152,000
177,000
113,000
Gross Floor Area
Total Jobs
Phase 1: 365 ha
Gross Floor Area
Total Jobs
Phase 2: 381 ha
Gross Floor Area
Total Jobs
Phase 3: 294 ha
Resi. Population
Total Jobs
Phase 4: 226 ha
Resi. Population
Total Jobs
Phase 5: 426.36 ha
SEED Development Phases
The government administrative centre
needs to move to the new capital city
at the outset. Therefore, the logical
sequencing of phasing starts from the
western end of SEED development.
The developments that will come up
around the government administrative
core will be able to take advantage of
the synergies and economies of scale
that will be brought due to shifting of
over a couple of thousands government
employees and their families.
Key Development Projects
The administrative government core
will be supported with residential,
mixed use and office clusters.
After having established the State
Capital headquarters in Phase 1, there
will be natural growth moving eastward
along the already built downtown
road. Functionally, this will house more
commercial areas as the area includes
part of the downtown, which is the
high-rise high-density node within the
SEED development.
Key Development Projects
Key projects in this phase include
the Transit Oriented high density
commercial node, 50% of the central
downtown commercial area, a business
park cluster and number of mixed use
developments.
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
Following up from Phase 2, the
developments will be similar to Phase
1. The eastern part of the downtown
core will be developed during this
phase.
Key Development Projects
This phase will primarily focus on the
downtown commercial and the eastern
business park development. Phase 3
will create 4.04 million square meters
of Gross Floor Area.
The highest commercial value parcels
are reserved to be developed in this
phase. The Gateway Commercial
node, that will become the landmark
development that welcomes the people
while arriving from the Iconic bridge
across the river will be developed
in this phase. The development of
this phase will conclusion of the high
density developments within SEED.
Key Development Projects
Key development in this phase include
the gateway commercial node, multi
disciplinary university and mixed use
residential clusters. The city wetland
park will be developed in this phase.
The final phase of SEED is strategically
planned towards the public waterfront
uses. Although it takes up the highest
share of land compared to other
phases, the idea is to have lesser
intensity developments more catered
to serve the catchment of the SEED, the
city and the region as a whole.
Key Development Projects
This phase will focus on the iconic
river Krishna waterfront and the island
cluster. The waterfront houses the
convention centre, indoor sports hub
& iconic commercial blocks. The island
will house 9.13 ha of downtown comm.
clusters, golf course and villas.
1
Existing commercial developments along river Krishna
INTRODUCTION
1.1 INTRODUCTION
2
Surbana & Jurong together form the
Project Management Team (PMT). The
project is spread over 3 stages and 7
Activities.
1.2 PROJECT
DELIVERABLES
1.3 BACKGROUND
AND PURPOSE
The deliverables for each stage are
Having completed the Capital Region
and Capital City Plans that lay out the
master plan proposal and strategies
for the respective scales, in this part of
the Stage 3 deliverables, the Project
Management Team has now duly
completed the details of Stage 3 SEED
development Master Plan that covers
about 16.9 sqkm. These proposals form
the basis of this report and marks the
end of the final stage of the project.
Stage 1: Inception report
Status: Submitted
Stage 1 : Capital Region Plan :
• Activity 1: Data Inventory, Analysis
and Inception
• Activity 2: Regional Context analysis,
Economic positioning and SocioDemographic Study
• Activity 3: Visioning, Programming
and Structure Plan
Stage 1: Capital Region Plan Report.
(Progress Report)
Status: Submitted
Stage 2:
Part 1: Zoning Plan Report
Status: Submitted
Part 2: Capital City Master Plan
Status: Submitted
Stage 2: Capital City Master Plan:
• Activity
4:
Concept
Master
Plan, Transportation Plan and
Infrastructure Plan
• Activity 5: Zoning Plan for new
Capital City.
Stage 3: Seed Development Master
Plan Report (Final Report)
Status: Current Report
Stage 3: Seed Development Master
Plan:
• Activity 6: Urban Design Proposal for
Seed Development
• Activity 7: Development Guidelines
for Seed Development
This report will provide details on the
works of Stage 3: SEED Development
Master Plan.
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
1.4 METHODOLOGY
1.4.1 Data Collection
Surbana and Jurong teams collected
the necessary data from the Andhra
Pradesh agencies during the period of
December 2014 and May 2015. Using
this data the teams filtered out specific
relevant data that can be applied in the
development of the Capital City and
SEED development Master Plans. The
data was received in several formats
including GIS, Autocad, Excel sheets
and hard copy reports.
1.4.2 Site Visit
In January 2015, Surbana and Jurong
teams undertook a 2 day elaborate site
visit to get a first hand feel of the site and
surroundings. The team also interacted
with local people to understand their
concerns and issues to be considered
during the formation of the master
plan. All this information was utilized in
the site analysis and formation of the
plans as explained below.
1.4.3 Meetings with Officials
Several meetings were held during the
team’s stay in Hyderabad that included
CRDA officials and Dr. P. Narayana,
Minister of Municipal Administration
& Urban Development, Urban Water
Supply and Urban Planning for Andhra
Pradesh. The team from SIngapore
included officials from
Surbana
International Consultants Pte Ltd
(Surbana), JURONG Consultants Pte Ltd
(Jurong), Centre for Livable Cities (CLC),
Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI),
Singapore Cooperation Enterprise (SCE)
and International Enterprise (IE).
1.4.4 Training Workshops
A delegation of 23 Andhra Pradesh
officials attended the APLUGP (Andhra
Pradesh Leaders in Urban Governance
Programme) organized by CLC in
Singapore from 19th to 24th January.
Surbana and Jurong teams were actively
involved throughout this workshop.
Surbana and Jurong presented and
discussed the progress of the Master
Plan with the delegation members
to get their insights and views on the
ideas being considered.
1.4.5 Data Analysis
Parallel to this, planners from Surbana
and Jurong were analyzing the relevant
data received from the Andhra Pradesh
agencies. The analysis included
understanding of physical site features
such as hills, rivers, canals, forests,
drains, etc., along with an understanding
of the socio-demographic and economic
profile of the Capital City and the SEED
development area.
1.4.6 Smart City Framework
Establishing this framework is the most
critical step preceding the Vision as this
guides the Goals and Strategies. It lays
out the Key Performance Indicators
to address the social, economic and
environmental issues specific to the
focus area.
1.4.7 Vision Formulation
Using the understanding of all of the
above, combined with the feedback
from the Andhra Pradesh officials
during the APLUGP, the planners from
Surbana and Jurong calibrated the
appropriate Vision and strategies for
development for the Capital Region,
City and the SEED development area.
1.4.8 SEED Master Plan
After having completed the Capital
Region and Capital City Master Plan,
Surbana and Jurong developed detail
Master Plan for SEED development
and the Industrial start up area in order
to kick start development within the
Amaravati Capital City. These plans lay
out various strategies to help achieve
the identified goals in order to develop
this city as a world class capital city that
respects its roots and people, but at
the same time lays the foundation for a
state of art modern city.
1.5 ORGANIZATION
OF THE REPORT
In addition to this introductory chapter,
the report consists of the following
chapters:
Chapter 2: Existing Site Analysis
This chapter presents the site
identification/selection
process
and outcome. The chapter further
analyses the selected site for the SEED
development elaborating the area’s
urban design potential and challenges.
These potentials and challenges guide
the SEED development Master plan
described in the following chapters.
Chapter 3: Vision Goals and Strategies
This chapter presents the Vision, Goals
and Strategies proposed for the SEED
development area. The chapter further
presents the Smart City Framework
developed for the SEED development
area. This framework further leads to
the Structure plan for the same.
Chapter 4: SEED Development Master
plan
This chapter presents the detailed
urban design strategies for the SEED
development area. It helps illustrate
how the 6 goals identified in the Smart
City Framework have been translated
to actual design on the ground. These
strategies are followed by the proposed
overall SEED Master plan and landuse
plan.
Chapter 5: Place-making Strategies
This chapter presents the detailed urban
design approach for the 4 key nodes of
the development. This description is
followed by detailed recommendations
for development control within these
key nodes.
Chapter 6: Infrastructure Plan
This chapter presents the conceptual
infrastructure proposal for the SEED
development area. The proposal
includes, flood management strategies,
water supply, storm water, sewerage,
solid waster management and power
supply plans for the SEED development
area.
Chapter 7: Industrial Start up Plan
In order to create local employment
opportunities, and kick start immediate
economic growth, this chapter presents
the proposed industrial startup area for
the Capital City.
Chapter 8: Implementation Strategies
To ensure successful implementation of
the SEED development Master plan, this
chapter presents the proposed phasing
for the SEED development area. Five
strategies phases are presented in this
chapter with a brief description of key
projects within each phase.
The chapter further elaborates the
immediate actions to be undertaken
by CRDA in order to successfully
implement the Master plan.
3
4
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THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
2
EXISTING
CONTEXT ANALYSIS
This chapter presents a summary of the site selection exercise conducted by
the consultants in collaboration with the AP CRDA to allocate an appropriate
site for the SEED development area. The chapter further summarizes the
existing context analysis, potential and challenges for the selected SEED
development area. This analysis forms the base for guiding the Amaravati
Capital city Master plan.
The chapter is divided into the following sub-sections:
1. Identification and Role of Urban Design Site
2. Site Context, Potential and Challenges
SEED Development Area is planned along river Krishna
2.1 SITE IDENTIFICATION
6
Before proceeding with the Master
plan proposal, this section first
presents the site selection criteria
and recommendations presented by
the consultants to the Capital Region
Development Authority (CRDA).
2.1.1 Site Selection Criteria
The following key characteristics were
considered to establish the SEED site
selection criteria:
• Readily available land with minimal
development constraints
• Proximity to existing Vijayawada City.
• River Krishna waterfront that is
lesser prone to flooding.
• Good natural setting with captivating
views of the neighbouring hills, and
captures them as important vantage
points
• Site which can economically
contribute in the future growth of
the city.
• Good urban design opportunities
and that can engage with the cluster
of islands on river Krishna
Alternative 1A
The 3 alternative scenarios include:
Scenario 1: “Concentrated
Growth”
Scenario 1 focuses on “Concentrated
Growth” of the SEED Development
by collaborating the various SEED
functions with the new state’s
government headquarters. This will
help in concentrating the population
and reduce infrastructure costs in
the initial phases of development.
This scenario can be developed as 2
alternative options:
2.1.2 Alternatives for
Site Location
Based on the site selection criteria
mentioned above, the following 3
alternatives were presented to the
honourable Chief Minister and CRDA.
The final site selection was done after
a collective discussion between the
stakeholders and government bodies.
Alternative 1A proposes a waterfront
site equidistant from the proposed
bypass and the other city ring road.
Alternative 1B
The potentials of this option include:
• This option promotes a strong and
independent identity for the new
city by maintaining a critical distance
from the existing growth centres.
This leaves an opportunity to bridge
the gap between Vijayawada and
new Capital in the future.
• This option identifies visually most
prominent land form along the river
with a scenic backdrop of hill and
forest.
• The option proposes a principle
north-south cardinal axis for the civic
core which is in-line with the Vastu
city planning principles.
Alternative 1B proposes a waterfront
site in proximity to the proposed by
pass from Vijayawada city.
Fig.2.1 Identification of Urban design Site
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
Fig.2.2 Identification of Urban design Site: Scenario 1
The potentials of this option include:
• Locate the SEED development near
the existing city nodes, and capitalize
on the existing Vijayawada city
catchment and the growth centres.
• The site will face the North-Eastern
green corridor, with Bhavani island in
the foreground.
• The principle growth corridor will be
aligned in the North-East direction
towards the valley between the
Kondapalli Hill ans Ambapuram hill
• The secondary growth corridor
will be aligned along the East-West
direction to engage the city’s cultural
and heritage destinations.
Alternative 2A
Alternative 2B proposes the waterfront
CBD in proximity to the proposed by
pass from Vijayawada city and the
administrative civic core in proximity to
the Neerukunda hill.
Scenario 2: “Balanced Growth”
Scenario 2 explores the potential to
develop the SEED development in
2 distinct clusters, one housing the
administrative civic centre and the
other housing the city iconic CBD.
Similar to scenario 1, scenario 2 offers
2 alternative site locations as well:
• The principal growth corridor in this
option is aligned along the NorthSouth cardinal direction aiming
towards the Kondapalli Fort, while
the secondary growth corridor is
aligned along the East-West axis
engaging the numerous cultural and
heritage destinations of the city.
• This option creates a balanced
distribution
of
important
employment nodes within city while
creating grandeur in the city image.
Alternative 2B
The potentials of this option include:
• Similar to alternative 1B, this
option too locates the SEED CBD
development near the existing city
nodes to capitalize on the existing
growth centres.
• The site will face North-East with
Bhavani Island in the foreground.
• The principle growth corridor will be
aligned in the North-East direction
towards the valley between the
Kondapalli Hill ans Ambapuram hill
• The secondary growth corridor
will be aligned along the East-West
direction to engage the city’s cultural
and heritage destinations.
Scenario 3: Shared Growth
Scenario 3 explores the potential
to develop the SEED development
along both the banks of river Krishna.
Although, the southern bank will house
the CBD and administrative civic centre,
Alternative 2A proposes the waterfront
CBD site at equal distance from all the
existing centres, and the administrative
civic centre in proximity to the
Neerukunda Hill. T
he potentials of this option include:
• Similar to alternative 1A, this
option too promotes a strong and
independent identity for the new
CBD by maintaining a critical distance
from the existing growth centres.
• The site setting for the CBD in
this option is created through
an enclosure of hillocks; and
the
government
headquarters
are situated in proximity to the
Neerukunda Hill with a unique
setting.
Fig.2.3 Identification of Urban design Site: Scenario 2
Fig.2.4 Identification of Urban design Site: Scenario 3
7
large linear commercial developments
will also be housed in the northern
bank of the river as well. The potentials
of this scenario are discussed below:
• This scenario encourages linear and
compact developments housing the
principle growth corridor along both
banks of river Krishna.
• Secondary growth corridor will be
aligned along the East-West axis
engaging the cultural and heritage
destinations.
8
2.1.3 Preferred Site Option
Considering the pros and cons, both
from a design point of view and
respecting the aspirations of the
Andhra Pradesh Government, a revised
final option was prepared that captured
the desirable characteristics from the
options discussed earlier.
Fig.2.5 Final Chosen Option for the SEED Development Area
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
Primarily, this option is a modified
version of Option 1. The SEED
development focus is retained along
the southern bank of Krishna river. The
cardinal north-south axis will house
the government core buildings. The
deviation from Option 1 is that in order
to achieve the ceremonial and grand
quality of the axis, the government
core functions will be distributed along
this north-south axis with maximum
concentration on the northern end.
Neerukonda hill forms the southern
termination of this axis. To the north,
the visual axis extends all the way to
the Kondapalli Hill Forest.
The resultant chosen outcome for
the SEED development location
also considers the critical distance
necessary between the Government
Administrative core and the existing
Vijayawada city. This critical distance
allows to capture the synergies of the
adjacency of the 1+ million population
in Vijayawada, but at the same time
retains enough distance to create a
new identity for the new Capital City.
The natural direction of growth of the
SEED development will help expand
and bridge the gap between Vijayawada
and the new Government Core.
The waterfront between the SEED
development and Vijayawada will
become prime property once the first
phase kicks off.
It should be noted that although the
SEED development land parcels are on
the southern bank of Krishna river, the
land on the northern banks of Krishna
river also needs to be developed
strategically as this will also contribute
equally to the image of the city and
the success of SEED development. The
Capital City Master Plan has allocated
appropriate land use for the land on the
northern banks of the river. Same holds
true for the adjacent industrial and
other regional employment centers.
2.2 SITE CONTEXT,
POTENTIAL AND
CHALLENGES
2.2.1 Site Context
As identified in the Capital City Master
Plan the SEED Development area is
located along the river front as per
the chosen development scenario
described in the previous section (Refer
figure 2.6). The chosen site carefully
responds to the surrounding context
by establishing a unique identity that
sits along the river Krishna waterfront
amidst the scenic hills and cluster of
islands.
Natural Context
As mentioned, the proposed site is
strategically located along the river
Krishna waterfront amidst the scenic
hills encompassing the only 100% prone
island on the river. This unique setting
gives the site an edge in comparison to
other commercial areas within the city.
The site is also well connected to the
city wide green network which provides
the critical green for the SEED area.
9
Topography
The site is largely flat as it is intentionally
chosen in the area which least prone
to flooding and can be safeguard
from any flooding risks with minimal
interventions.
Existing Settlements
Three small villages exist on the
site today, including, Lingayapalem,
Uddandrayanipalem and Tallayapalem
(Mandadam). The informal settlements
occupy only 29.08 ha of land with an
existing population of about 4,157
SEED Development Area
Fig.2.7 Location Map
Fig.2.6 Site Context Map
10
people. The future land to be returned
to landowners as part of the land
pooling act, 2014 has been designated
in close proximity but outside to the
SEED development area.
2.2.2 Urban Design Potential
As illustrated in figure 2.5, the SEED
development area offers numerous
potentials for development. These
potentials have been listed below:
Transport Potentials
• The SEED Development is strategically
located and well connected to the
larger city network with arterial and
sub arterial roads.
• The first bridge across the river
on the eastern edge of the SEED
development, which is already under
planning, will form the gateway to
the Capital City and provide access to
the SEED Development in first phase.
• The development will be supported
by future MRT corridors that have
been planned in Capital City Master
Plan.
• The proposed site is in proximity to
the High Speed Rail station which
provides national connectivity to the
SEED development area.
• There is potential to maximize
dependency on public transport
by utilizing the proposed transit
corridors as key development
corridors in the future.
Environmental Potentials
• There is potential to create an 7 km
long active waterfront along river
Krishna within the SEED area.
• The existing bund can be realigned
to maximize land efficiency by
expanding land towards the
waterfront.
• The existing canal in the south-west
provides an environmental buffer
between the SEED development and
the rest of the city.
• The city level primary green corridors
provide the opportunity to bring
people to the urban waterfront in
the future.
• The chosen site and island are
ideal for urban development in the
immediate future as these areas are
not prone to flooding.
Development Potentials
• The government core suggested in
the design brief is a potential start
up project for the Capital city.
• There is potential to dredge the silted
area to use for backfilling in order to
create perennial water edge for the
downtown.
• The land to be returned to the
villages under the Land Pooling Act,
2014 is planned in close proximity to
the SEED development area, creating
unencumbered land for future
developments.
• The site’s proximity to river Krishna
creates an opportunity to develop a
unique identity for the development.
• There is also an opportunity to create
an iconic city gateway connecting the
Capital city to Gannavaram airport
within a 30 minute drive.
2.2.3 Urban Design
Challenges
The proposed SEED development area
poses minimal development challenges
as it is largely a green field site along
the river front. The few development
challenges posed by the site are listed
below:
• The key development challenge
is posed by the 3 small villages
within the SEED development area.
These villages occupy about 1.74%
of the total development area,
which cannot be utilized to its full
development potential.
• The existing bund is located at 250
m (approx.) from the water edge.
There is a need to realign this section
of the river bund to allow future
development to engage with the
riverfront.
The following chapters will tap on the
development potentials of the SEED
development to propose a detailed
master plan for guiding the future
development.
River Krishna
View of the Island from the Site
Views of the mainland from the Site
Table 2.1 Existing Land Distribution
Landuse
Area (Ha)
%
1449.29
85.55%
Village Settlements
29.40
1.74%
Island
182.13
10.75%
River Krishna
31.80
1.88%
Water bodies
Total
1.43
1694.05
0.08%
100%
Developable Land
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
People of the Capital City
Fig.2.8 SEED Development Today
3
VISION, CONCEPT
AND STRATEGIES
This chapter establishes the overall Vision and Goals that have been applied
to the SEED Development. These have been translated all the way from the
Capital Region, Capital City down to the SEED development.
The chapter is divided into the following sub-sections:
1. Vision
2. Smart City Framework
3. Smart City Goals
4. Structure Plan
View of Krishna River from Manthana Sathyanaraya Arogyalam
3.1 SMART CITY FRAMEWORK
3.1 Smart City
Framework
With the cities around the globe gearing up towards
becoming “Smart”, it is important to establish a clear
framework that will help to achieve this Vision. The
Government of India has recently announced their plans to
plan for 100 Smart Cities around the country, which includes
several State Capitals. Amaravati, the new State Capital of
Andhra Pradesh offers an excellent opportunity to realise
this target as it is mostly being built on a greenfield site,
with minimal constraints for development. Amaravati’s
vision has been established
as the “People’s Capital”.
Therefore, it is necessary
to finetune this framework
to achieve this Vision.
As such, the framework
that has been developed
consists of 6 Goals, 2 each
to respond to the 3 pillars
of sustainability. Another key factor that contributes to
the Smartness of a city is technology that cuts accross all
these goals. The masterplan allows for technology to be
integrated and as a result enhance the overall Smartness
to a next level. The 6 Smart Goals established specifically
for Amaravati have been elaborated on the following
page. This report will focus on how these Goals have been
translated from the Capital Region, Capital City down to
the SEED Development Masterplan and to demonstrate
their application within the SEED area.
12
SMART
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
3.2 SMART CITY GOALS
3.2 Smart City
Goals
Jobs and Homes for All
The first and most important goal for Amaravati is to generate jobs and
provide homes for all. People belonging to all strata of society, irrespective of
their financial and social status, will be able to find a source of income and
an affordable home within the newly planned city. The SEED Development
will lay the foundation stone to achieve this goal. Hence, it becomes critical to
demonstrate how Jobs and Homes for All has been achieved within this startup
development area. Technology enablers such as cellphone and internet access help people search for
relevant opportunities and make this process very convenient for the residents and workers. Along with
this, skill development programs will also help strengthen the economic base of the city by creating the
necessary workforce.
Clean and Green
The inherent strength of the Amaravati site lies in its green existing environment.
The presence of the majestic Krishna river, several canals and village tanks, and
the greenery give this site a very unique opportunity to be developed as a Clean
and Green city. It is very important that this potential is exploited to the fullest.
This will go a long way in helping to create a sense of place and ownership for
the people to voluntarily work towards maintaining this valuable asset of the
city. The SEED development has been strategically chosen to take advantage of 7 km long waterfront
along river Krishna. The macro level principles will be translated to demonstrate how this potential of the
site can be utilized to its maximum. Multi functional green spaces, not only for recreation, but also for
flood management and other infrastructure becomes the backbone structure for the SEED development.
Quality Living
All aspects of quality of life need to addressed in order for the users to
appreciate. Among the few important aspects include safety, convenience,
health, education, etc. The plan will adopt a model that will enable people
to experience this first hand. Factors such as safe walking distance for kids to
primary schools, ease of access to senior citizens, or access to grocery shops
without having to use cars, all of these contribute to creating a big whole to achieve the desired quality
of life. Technology such as mobile applications have helped make this aspect more tangible by providing
the necessary information at the touch of a fingertip. SEED development also adopts this framework to
pioneer and demonstrate the Quality Living aspect.
World Class Infrastructure
Developing a state of art transportation network is paramount to any world
class city. Whether it is roads, metro-rail or waterways, convenience of commute
plays an extremely important role in the economic success of a city. This has
been demonstrated in most of the successful cities around the world. Factors
such as the time required for home to work commute, airport to city commute
has proved to help attract investments to cities along with adding the necessary
convenience for the residents and workers. In addition to this, technology needs to be induced to extract
maximum potential of the hard infrastructure. Data analytics and inputs can help take the efficiency of
transport infrastructure to levels never seen before. The SEED Development shall become a benchmark
to achieve this for the rest of the city and region at large.
Efficient Resource Management
Smart Cities need to take the aspect of resource management to a highgher
level. Be is power, sewerage, drainage, water-supply, etc., not only do the
networks have to designed efficiently, but state of art engineering technology
needs to be integrated to help improve the efficiency of the systems. Wireless
sensors are now able to collect and transmit information from almost any
object — for instance, roads, food crates, utility lines and water pipes. And the
improved software helps interpret the huge flow of information, so raw data becomes useful knowledge
to monitor and optimize transport and other complex systems. Research has shown that the efficiency
payoff translates into big reductions in energy used, greenhouse gases emitted and natural resources
consumed. Computer enhanced infrastructure enables making better informed decisions starting from
the planning stage to the implementation and management.
Identity and Heritage
The Amaravati site is blessed with several heritage and cultural centres in the
immediate surroundings such as the existing Amaravathi city, Undavalli caves,
Kanakdurga temple, etc. The proposed design will ensure that this aspect is well
respected and integrated within the design. These elements are very important
for the existing residents within the Capital Region. To complement this, the
SEED development will help create a modern image of the city that will blend well with the existing image.
The heritage and modern elements together tie up to create an interesting dynamic that in turn helps to
create a unique image of the city and also helps in promoting it as a tourist destination.
13
3.3 STRUCTURE PLAN
14
The following development strategies
are proposed, to translate the concept
plan into the SEED Development
Structure plan:
Maximizing the potential of Transit
Corridors:
• SEED development is connected to
the rest of the City via two mass rapid
transit (MRT) corridors as shown in
the adjacent figure.
• The primary development corridors
are aligned along the mass transit
corridors in order to utilize the full
potential of the public transportation
network
• A high density belt wraps around
these corridors envisioned to house
maximum public activities at the
ground level.
Transit Oriented Development Nodes:
• The MRT stations within SEED form
the Commercial transit oriented
developments (TOD). The primary
nodes are:
1. Amaravati Downtown: The central
TOD where two transit lines
interchange forms the main high
density commercial Downtown
node.
2. Amaravati Gateway: The eastern
entry to the development is from
the Semi express way connecting
Gannavaram Airport to the City.
To mark a grand arrival to the
SEED development, Gateway node
is proposed with high density
development.
3. Amaravati Government Core: The
three arms of the Government,
namely
the
Assembly,
the
Secretariat & the High court along
with the state ministries will lay
the administrative foundation
for the City. It is one of the major
employment generator of the City.
Amaravati
Government
Node
Hospitality
Node
Creating identity & sense of place
through landmarks:
• Secondary
nodes
along
the
waterfront provide opportunity
for special developments creating
vibrant waterfront.
• The proposed Convention Centre,
Arts & Culture centres and the
central iconic downtown towers
form the modern skyline of the City.
• The hospitality node along the
primary development corridor is
proposed complementing the Civic
Core.
Seamless connectivity & integration
• The secondary corridors are
proposed such that there is seamless
movement towards the waterfront
from MRT stations.
• These corridors also form the linear
parks of the City part of the flood
mitigation system.
• The Undavalli axis corridor and the
arc host the BRT route.
Activating the Waterfront:
• Public parks and the promenade
along the waterfront helps bringing
people closer to the waterfront
• Integrating the island creates an
intimate waterfront section.
• Realigning of the bund to bring
development upto the water edge
helps in maximizing the potential of
the waterfront development.
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Primary Development Corridor
Secondary Development Corridor
Primary Nodes
Secondary Nodes
Tertiary Nodes
Active Waterfront
Fig.3.1 Structure Plan for SEED Development Area
Amaravati
Downtown
Convention Node Iconic
Center
Amaravati
Downtown
Arts & Node
Towers Culture centre
4
DETAILED URBAN DESIGN
PROPOSAL
This chapter first presents the detailed urban design strategies for the SEED
development area. These sections are followed by the SEED master plan
proposal and landuse plan
The chapter is divided into the following sub-sections:
1. Jobs and Homes for all
2. World Class Infrastructure
3. Clean and Green
4. Quality Living
5. Identity and Heritage
6. Proposed Massing and Skyline
7. SEED Master plan
View of the Kondaveeti Vaagu
Amaravati
Gateway
Amaravati
Downtown
4.1 JOBS AND HOMES
FOR ALL
Amaravati
Government Core
16
As indicated in chapter 2, the proposed
SEED development area is located
within one of the prime areas of the
City. Being the City’s Central Business
District, creating sustainable jobs
and providing a variety of lifestyle
choices is one of the key goals for
the development. The master plan
translates this goal into implementable
landuse plans. These plans and their
development strategies have been
discussed in the following sections.
4.1.1 Jobs for all
Employment Plan
The SEED area will cater to government
and service sector jobs in the long term.
The well planned job distribution, which
responds to transport and mass transit
networks, ensures ease of accessibility.
The plan proposes the following key
strategies related to employment:
Offices/IT/Hospitality
Business Park
Government Administration
Mixed - use
Convention Centre and Offices
Fig.4.1 SEED: Employment Plan
62,000
635,000
Government Jobs
Non Government Jobs
136ha
Offices/ IT/ Hospitality
74ha
Business PARK
Fig.4.2 Distribution of land use
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
35ha
govt
332ha
Mixed Use
Amaravati Government Core
• The administrative Government
Core, located on the northern tip
of the north-south ceremonial axis,
occupies 35 ha of land area and
is planned to create 62,000 jobs
government jobs.
• Besides the three civic arms, the
Assembly, the Secretariat and the
High court, the government core
also houses other state and national
ministries, semi-government offices
and public institutions. It is envisaged
to be more round the clock uses in
order to retain vibrancy of the space
throughout the day.
Amaravati Downtown
• The Downtown is designed to be the
iconic high-rise development that
forms the central core of the SEED
area.
• Spread across 68 Ha, it houses a
vibrant mix of commercial offices,
IT campuses and hospitality
developments.
• The two parcels on the northern
side that face the waterfront will be
designed as iconic twin towers.
Amaravati Gateway
• This grand commercial cluster
welcomes visitors and residents to
the Amaravati Capital city.
• Covering 45 Ha, it will create the first
impression of the Capital City while
accessing from the bridge across the
river.
Mixed use Development
• 332 ha of mixed use developments
with a
30-70% commercial
-residential ratio induce vibrancy to
the development, and is planned to
create over 245,000 jobs.
• The flexibility of uses within each
development creates an opportunity
for local business to flourish.
Together the Amaravati downtown,
gateway and mixed use developments
create over 290,000 non government
jobs on 136 ha of land area.
Business Parks
In addition to these key nodes, 74ha
of High tech business parks also been
proposed to create over 100,000 jobs
within the SEED area.
4.1.2 Homes for all
infrastructure and local businesses
more viable.
One of the key goals of the development
is to provide a variety of lifestyle choices
within the SEED area.
Residential Plan
Four residential typologies
been proposed within the
development:
have
SEED
1. High Density Residential
• High density residential clusters are
proposed along the Krishna river
front, and along the linear parks
connecting to the waterfront.
• These high density residential
clusters house almost 15% of the
total SEED population on 45 ha of
total land area.
• They primarily comprise of multi
family high rise apartments with
integrated community facilities.
These facilities include a common
playground, club house, car park,
etc.
• At a maximum height of 20 storeys,
the development density of such
developments would go up to
approximately 185 dwelling units per
hectare of land.
• The design strategy is to propose high
density development along open
spaces in order to balance the heavy
built environment, and at the same
time capitalize on the scenic views of
the river Krishna and islands.
• Clusters of such developments
are also planned along the transit
and secondary corridors close
to commercial centres. Thus,
the high footfall brought by
such developments will make
2. Medium Density Residential
• The proposed medium density
residential developments house
about 42,000 residents covering
almost 64 ha of land area. The medium
density residential use encourages
mid rise multifamily public/private
apartments with common facilities
within its compound.
• The maximum height of these
apartments is 8 storeys, resulting in
densities up to 120 dwelling units
per hectare.
• About 30% of the medium density
residential clusters are proposed to
house government employees and
their families.
• The residual medium density
clusters are proposed along the
green corridors for enhancing the
mid density luxurious lifestyle.
3. Low Density Residential
• 84 ha of low density developments
have been planned within the SEED
area.
• The housing typologies proposed for
such developments include detached
and semi-detached houses.
• These low density areas form
the relief spaces within the SEED
development.
• Majority
of
the
low
rise
developments are proposed along
the existing south western green
corridor. The design intention for
these low density developments
as a continuous belt is to create an
avenue like character to the subarterial road along the Undavalli axis.
Golf Course
Housing
Government Housing
17
Mixed use
High Rise Residential
Mid Rise Residential
Low Rise Residential
Habitations
Fig.4.4 SEED: Residential Plan
45 ha
64 ha
High Density residential
21%
Low Rise
Medium Density residential
16%
Mid Rise
Fig.4.3 Distribution of Residential Developments
11%
High Rise 84 ha
Low Density residential
45%
Habitations
Mixed Use
7%
18
Fig.4.5 Mood Images - High Rise Residential
Fig.4.7 Mood Images - Low Rise Residential
Fig.4.6 Mood Images - Medium Rise Residential
Fig.4.8 Mood Images - Mixed use Developments
• Additionally, a high luxury villa
cluster is proposed on the island
in order to develop the island as
lesser dense area. These are largely
supported with civic amenities in
close proximity.
• The maximum permitted height
for such developments is 2 storeys
which allows for 40 dwelling units to
be housed in one hectare.
4. Mixed Use Residential
• 332 Ha of land has been proposed
to accommodate over 60% of the
residential population within the
SEED area.
• The mixed use residential clusters
promote the ‘live, work and play’
concept. The vibrancy of the SEED
development depends on the mixeduse typology which creates a 7030% mix between residential and
commercial landuses respectively.
• Such developments are planned
along the transit node to ensure
both vibrancy and vitality in the
commercial areas during non office
hours.
• In terms of distribution, these
developments are distributed along
the River Krishna Boulevard and
along the down road to create a
vibrant development corridor.
• As the first and second floor are
dedicated for commercial use,
these developments activate the
street frontage. To ensure privacy,
multi family residential apartments
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
are planned above the commercial
floors.
• The maximum height of 25 storeys
for such developments typically
allows for 130 dwelling units to be
housed in one hectare.
5. Village Residential
• All existing village settlements have
been protected in the landuse plan.
These settlements form the vibrant
green hubs of the seed development.
• They can also be treated as special
character places by conserving some
of the traditional characteristics of
the old Amaravati city.
• The three village settlements,
Lingayapalem, Uddandrayanipalem
& Tallayapalem occupy 29 ha of land.
• Each
settlement
is
planned
within
a
different
adjacent
context. Lingayapalem is close
to
the
Government
Core,
Uddandrayanipalem is near the
Downtown core while Tallayapalem
is located near the arts & culture
centre.
• The plan encourages redevelopment
of these areas into more planned
developments for around 4,150
residents.
The
redevelopment
character of each of the settlement
could be conceptualized based on
the surrounding context for creating
a unique identity for each settlement.
• The height of these settlements is
restricted to 3 storeys in order to
create a uniform typology.
• A number of vocational institutions
have been proposed along each of
these settlements for promoting
local skill development.
1.5%
4.2 WORLD CLASS
INFRASTRUCTURE
Smart infrastructure solutions along
with smart mobility are the underlying
goals for creating world class
infrastructure with in the SEED area.
The following section presents road
and public transportation strategies in
order to achieve these goals.
4.2.1 Road Network Efficient grid
The SEED development is envisioned
to be very well connected both within
and with the rest of the City. A grid
pattern has been developed using
several hierarchies of roads that
perform different roles and functions
as illustrated in Figure.4.9. Additionally
as the SEED area is a special precinct,
certain road sections have been
modified to create a special urban
character. This section presents the
various road hierarchies proposed for
the SEED development.
Urban Expressways
• The urban expressway on the eastern
edge of the development is the
fastest link to Gannavaram Airport
from the City. It also connects the
development to Vijayawada City.
• This road marks the main eastern
entrance into the SEED area and the
Capital City.
• An iconic gateway bridge is proposed
to celebrate this first entrance into
the Capital City. This bridge also
plays a vital role in defining the
City’s skyline and creating a modern
identity.
Expressway
River Krishna
Boulevard
Central
Boulevard
Downtown
Road
19
8%
5.7%
Downtown
Arterial
24%
Sub-Arterial
60%
Collector
Total Roads Length
Semi Expressway
Arterial Roads
Downtown Road
Sub - Arterial Roads
Collector Roads
88km
Fig.4.9 SEED: Road Network Plan
Major Arterial Road Network
• Two major arterial roads, shown in
red in figure 4.9, connect the SEED
area to the rest of the city.
• The arterial road in the west serves
as an important road for connecting
the Government core to NH9 in the
north, and to the new proposed
airport in the south. It also acts as
a buffer between the Government
Core and adjacent residential
developments.
• The central boulevard entering
the development from south
provides fastest connectivity to the
downtown core by tapping on the
urban express-way.
• The east-west arterial, the downtown
road, forms the main spine of the
SEED development. It not only carries
major vehicular traffic and mass
transit but also serves as the main
trunk road carrying infrastructure.
Sub-arterial Road Network
• The sub arterial roads form a 1 to 1.5
km grid
• The sub-arterial network supports
the arterial roads, and is the primary
access to the city blocks through the
collector road network
• A large number of sub-arterial in
most cases align with the green
corridors.
Downtown
Jetty
Gateway TOD
Waterfront
TOD
Downtown
TOD
4.2.2 Public transportation
network
Botanical
Garden Jetty
20
SEED development is one of the
main convergence areas for high
traffic volume. Development of a well
connected mass public transportation
will help in reducing the private vehicles
entering the development. Thus, it
is critical for the SEED development
to provide multi-modal mass transit
solutions for a developing a sustainable
transport network. This section
illustrates the various modes of public
transport proposed for the Capital city
and SEED development.
Mass Rapid Transit Networks
• The mass rapid transit network
(MRT) within SEED development
is part of the larger city wide MRT
network.
• Two transit lines enter the
development, and two other lines
run along the development’s eastern
and western periphery. The transit
lines are planned within the major
arterial right of ways.
• A high density corridor is planned
along the two transit lines entering
the development.
• Seven transit stations are proposed
at a distance of 1- 1.2 km within the
SEED Development. These stations
provide an opportunity for transit
oriented developments.
Transit Oriented Developments
High - speed Rail
MRT Lines
BRT
Water Taxi
MRT Stations
BRT Stops
Fig.4.10 SEED:Transit Network
12km
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
15km
7km
Transit Oriented Development:
• Number of Transit oriented
developments have been proposed
within the SEED area with a unique
character based on their setting.
• Out of the three key nodes, Amaravati
Gateway and Amaravati Downtown
are developments integrated with
transit stations.
• A public open space has been
allocated adjacent to each station
to enable smooth discharge of his
volume of people. These plazas and
open spaces also create relief spaces
along the high density corridors.
• The MRT station integrated with the
iconic towers along the riverfront
forms a unique TOD, as it opens up
into the Amaravati Plaza.
Bus Rapid Transit Loop
• A Bus Rapid Transit is proposed with
the SEED development as a feeder
system to the MRT lines. The BRT
loop thus taps on the MRT stations.
• The system also creates an
opportunity for bringing people
closer to the waterfront.
• It also connects all the civic amenities
within the neighborhoods to create
a corridor which serves employees,
visitors and residents alike.
• BRT stops are proposed at a walkable
distance of 400m-500m.
• The BRT corridor proposed along the
River Krishna Boulevard is proposed
as a special character road. In this
road section the BRT runs on the
green belt along the canal.
Iconic
Tower
Canal
Park
Central
Boulevard
Downtown
MRT Station
Downtown
Road
21
Note: Artist impressions are subjected to detailed design development
Integrated: Downtown Core
4.2.3 Character Roads
Central
Boulevard
22
The Downtown Road, Central Boulevard
and the Rive Krishna Boulevard are the
special character roads planned within
the SEED development. The character
of these roads is based on the function
of the public realm and the adjacent
buildings along these roads.
•
Central Boulevard
•
• The Central road serves as the fastest
connection to the Downtown core
sharing the MRT corridor. The road
terminates at the Amaravati Plaza.
• The design strategy for this road is to
create a grand boulevard with active
Arterial Road
Active Edges
Collector Road
•
•
street frontages as illustrated in the
section below, figure 4.12
As this road is located along
the center of the Downtown, a
vibrant commercial edge, housing
restaurants, retail malls and offices,
is proposed along this road.
Wider footpaths have been proposed
to create a more pedestrian friendly
street.
Building edge abutting the road is
recommended in order to provide
a continuous shopping experience.
Figure
4.11
illustrates
the
recommended active edges.
Covered walkways and a continuous
tree line is proposed along this road
to support the city’s temperate
climate.
• The canal edge provides for flexibility
of spillage of activities like the
temporary kiosks, alfresco dinning
and local markets to create a more
vibrant street life.
• The reserved right of way (ROW) for
the Central boulevard accommodates
a BRT corridor within the central
medium which will be replaced with
the MRT line once the Downtown
matures. .
• The main entrance to the basement
car parks and developments along
this road is proposed from the local
access roads.
Fig.4.11 Active Edges along the Central Boulevard
Canal Park (50m)
50m Arterial Road
MRT
Overhead
Connections
Basement Parking
Basement Parking
Covered
Walkways
Outdoor
Dining Area
Fig.4.12 Typical section for the Central Boulevard
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Canal Parks
Bicycle
Lane
Service
tunnels
Bus-bays Pedestrian
Lane
River Krishna Boulevard
• The alignment of the River Krishna
Boulevard is inspired by the concave
profile of the waterfront.
• The arc design helps in creating a
distinct waterfront precinct which
breaks away from the usual down
town grid pattern.
• This road is anchored by the
Convention centre and Arts & Culture
Centre on either ends.
• The road section is designed to
accommodate a canal park and BRT
corridor as shown below.
• The design strategy for the Canal
Park is to create a vibrant community
public space by proposing mixed
use developments along its central
stretch.
• In order to maintain a human scale,
the buildings abutting this road are
recommended to have zero setback
with a colonnade on the ground
floor.
• Being a mixed use development
cluster, the first two floors are
recommended for commercial use.
Hence, the recommended colonnade
will provide a covered walkway for
the commercial establishments.
• The BRT corridor is proposed to
be part of the Canal Park making it
pedestrian friendly road.
• Bicycle lanes are safeguarded within
the right of way to promote a
sustainable mode of transport.
• Bus bays are also proposed within
the right of way to ensure smooth
River Krishna
Boulevard
flow of traffic.
• The vehicular access to the
developments is from the local
roads.
• Active edges are proposed at
the River Krishna Boulevard and
Downtown road junction, and also
along the Convention Centre and the
Arts and Cultural Centre.
23
Sub - arterial Road
Active Edges
Fig.4.13 Active Edges along the River Krishna Boulevard
Canal Park (50m)
40m Arterial Road
Basement parking
Arcade/
Walkways
Fig.4.14 River Krishna Boulevard
Outdoor
Dining Area
BRT
Community Park
Service
Tunnels
Bus
Bays
Bicycle Pedestrian
Lane
Lane
Downtown
Road
Downtown road
• The downtown road is proposed as
the most vibrant street within the
SEED development.
• Despite being a major arterial
road and the central spine for the
SEED development, only a dual
two road section is proposed in
order to promote public transport
dependency within the SEED
development.
• Since high density mixed use
development are proposed along
the entire stretch, a human scale is
created through a podium tower
typology.
• A compact road section creates an
interaction between the two edges
of the street.
24
Active Edges
Downtown Road
Collector Roads
• To promote walkability, sustainable
transport and an active street
edge, wider pedestrian paths with
canopies and arcades are proposed
within the 50m ROW as shown in the
section below.
• Active edges are proposed along the
MRT station
• The Downtown road also doubles up
its functions as the utility corridor
accommodating main infrastructure
lines for the SEED development.
• Service tunnels are proposed under
the side walks and bicycle lanes. This
ensures minimal interruption during
infrastructure repair works.
• Several infrastructure lines branch
out from this utility corridor to the
rest of the development.
Collector road
• The collector roads form a finer
300 x 300m grid in order to create
walkable city blocks.
• These roads form the most intimate
road sections that create maximum
interaction between building edges.
• The design strategy is to create
numerous pedestrian friendly streets
within the SEED development.
• The finer grid creates more
intersections
which
supports
walkability
within
the
SEED
development.
Fig.4.17 Active Edges along the Downtown Road
Covered
Walkways
Pedestrian Service
Lane
Tunnel
12.5m
MRT
3m
7m
Fig.4.15 Typical section for the Downtown Road
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
5m
7m
Bus
Bays
Bicycle Outdoor
Lane Dining Area
3m
12.5m
Bicycle
Lane
Bus
Bays
Fig.4.16 Typical section for the collector road
Bicycle
Lane
Covered
Walkways
4.3 CLEAN AND GREEN
One of the key goals of the SEED
development is to showcase a modern
clean and green identity of the City. The
following section explains the various
strategies undertaken for the public
realm to promote the green identity.
4.3.1 Public Realm Plan
SEED development is envisioned to
house the People’s Waterfront. Thus
the design of the public realm plays a
vital role while designing this area.
Primary Green:
The main strategy for the green and blue
plan is to bring people to the Krishna
waterfront to make it a active and
vibrant space. Therefore, the primary
green networks from the Capital City
extend through the SEED area till they
reach the Krishna waterfront.
Civic Axis
• Civic axis is envisioned to be a
ceremonial axis, from Neerukonda
hill extending to Kondapalli forests in
north.
• This 1.2 km green axis emphasizes
the
democracy
and
people
friendliness of the City. It will allow
public to physically come close the
government buildings and enjoy the
grand 100m wide linear park.
• This space is designed to be multifunctional where large government
gatherings and parades can also take
place.
• The
axis
will
provide
an
unencumbered view from the Chief
Minister’s office to the river.
Canal Parks
• The linear green corridors along
the arterial roads will have canals
running through them.
• The canal parks are proposed as the
extension of the arterial roads in
order to create a wider public realm
and occupy about 53 Ha of area.
• Flood mitigation is a major concern
for this waterfront development.
The canals act as storm water drains
discharging water into Krishna River.
• Other than the conventional way of
building a concrete canal, the canals
within the canal park are proposed
to be build as natural truffs with a
softer edge.
• Recreational activities are proposed
along its edge and also within the
canal.
• The canals will have crossing at every
5 minute walking distance to create
a barrier free space.
• It can be treated differently at
different places. For instance, some
sections of the canal can be covered
up to extend the public realm.
Community Park
• The arc is the special feature of the
development inspired from the
concave profile of the river.
• The Community park aligning the
River Krishna Boulevard becomes an
important feature that engulfs the
central core waterfront area within
SEED. This park covers about 16 Ha.
• The River Krishna Boulevard section
illustrated in figure 4.14 further
explains the character of the park.
Amaravati
Plaza
Wetland
Park
Canal Park
Promenade
Canal Park
Community
Park
Park
Connectors
Canal Park
Park
Connectors
Botanical
Garden
Civic
Axis
Civic
Plaza
25
Island
Promenade
Primary Greens
Secondary Greens
Pedestrian Paths
Neighborhood Parks
Fig.4.18 SEED: Public Realm Plan
282 ha
Primary Green
69 ha
Sec Green &
Neighbourhood Parks
20.6 km
Pedestrian Path
80%
6%
Pri
Sec
green Green
14%
neighbourhood parks
Botanical garden
• This site occupies a very prominent
location that will become a feature
of SEED development.
• Botanical garden, covering 101 Ha,
is meant to be a City park where
various fauna & flora of the state
could be showcased.
• It can be easily accessed by MRT
and bus within 5-10 minute walking
distance.
26
Botanical Garden
Neighborhood Park
Park Connector Network
Wetland Park
Wetland Park
• Wetland park is proposed
to
maintain the natural beauty of the
waterfront.
• Occupying 52 ha, it is imagined to be
a natural public realm where passive
community activities like camping,
barbecue, jogging and bicycling are
possible.
Civic Axis
Amaravati Plaza
• Amaravati Plaza is proposed as
one of the main destinations along
the waterfront and is also the
termination of the Central Boulevard.
Krishna Waterfront is where most of
the activities are concentrated.
• Ghats are proposed celebrating the
Krishna edge giving a unique identity
to the river.
• The plaza occupies 8 ha, and also
provides for a foreground for the
iconic towers and the downtown
core.
Canal Park
Fig.4.19 Mood Images- Parks & Greens
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Promenade
Secondary Greens
A pedestrian friendly CBD is one of
basic needs of the SEED development.
In order to achieve this, an intensive
network of pedestrian linkages is
proposed. The secondary greens are
basically the park connectors with
shaded walkways. These align with the
BRT routes, edging the downtown core
and the waterfront promenade.
Park Connectors:
• The park connectors connect the
south western green corridor to the
waterfront parks.
• The eastern and western edges of
SEED are integrated with BRT while
the central two corridors form the
back edge of the Downtown.
• These 20 km of park connectors are
imagined to have more of local street
character.
Promenade
• A 3km long promenade is proposed
to tie together all the waterfront
activities.
• The bund acts as the promenade,
which is integrated with the
buildings.
• The space and the activities of the
promenade change responding
to the various programs along
waterfront making it the City’s ‘place
to be’. The waterfront section further
explains the different public spaces
determined by promenade.
Island Promenade
• Krishna River has a 2-3km wide basin
and so the interaction between two
banks is a challenge.
• The existing islands have been
activated in order to bridge this gap.
• Areas on the islands that do not flood
have be earmarked for this purpose.
• The low-medium density mixed
use development on the island will
provide for a vibrant promenade
aligning it.
Tertiary network:
The tertiary network completes the
pedestrian network.
• The collector roads form the tertiary
network connecting the primary
greens to the neighborhood parks.
• The neighborhood parks are part
of the amenities cluster for each
neighborhood that act as nodes
along this network.
River Krishna
Wetland
Park
Arts and
Promenade
Cultural Centre
Performance
Centre
Amaravati
Plaza
Iconic
Towers
Amaravati
Downtown
27
Note: Artist impressions are subjected to detailed design development
Vibrant: Krishna River
Wetland
Park
Amaravati
Plaza
Botanical
Garden
Civic
Axis
Civic
Plaza
28
4.3.2 Environmental
Design Principles
Micro Climate
• The north-eastern winds coming
from the river Krishna will help in
reducing the ambient temperature
for the SEED development area.
The parks and open spaces along
the waterfront will contribute in
reducing the temperature.
• This cool wind will then be funnelled
into the various development
corridors which have also been
provided with water channels
and tree plantations to create a
favourable ambience within the
development.
• The funnelled air will flow into
the public plazas reducing the
temperature and contributing to the
stack effect created by the high rise
buildings along the public plazas.
• The numerous pocket parks and open
spaces within the SEED Development
will also contribute in creating a
comfortable micro climate.
• The SEED development is bounded
by waterbodies and city parks in the
northern and southern peripheries.
These help in reducing the over all
pollution level from entering to the
development.
Peripheral Green Corridor
Primary Greens
Pocket Parks
Bund
Wind Corridors
Wind - trapping Plazas
Fig.4.20 SEED Developments climatic strategies
Water Sensitive Urban Design
Arcade/
Walkways
Outdoor
Dining Area
BRT
Softer Edge Water
Chanel
Fig.4.21 Typical road sections that contribute in creating a suitable micro-climate
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Bus
Bays
Service
Tunnels
Bicycle
Lane Pedestrian Lane
• Water is a critical resource which in
abundance in the SEED development
area due to proximity to the river.
• The urban design proposal carefully
brings in water from the river
through streams and canals.
• The ABC waterways strategy
explained in the Capital City Master
Plan report (Part 2) also respond
sensitively to the urban design
proposal.
• These waterways act as important
riparian corridors for preserving the
local flora and fauna of the region.
• The existing bund along the
riverfront retained and realigned
as an important flood mitigation
strategy.
• A number of other sustainable
infrastructure related strategies
including storm water management,
sewerage and water supply will be
discussed in Chapter 6.
Landscape
• As discussed in Section 4.3, the SEED
master plan proposes a number
of primary and secondary parks
creating a Green Image for the SEED
area.
• Large parks have been planned
along the waterfront and greenery
is induced into the typical street
section as illustrated in Figure 4.21.
Green Buildings
• The urban design proposal supports
and encourages development of
Green Buildings within the SEED
area. As it is an important catalytic
project, both public and private
developments should be encouraged
to be registered and certified with
the Indian Green Building Council
(IGBC) and GRIHA.
• The overall layout for the SEED
area development supports Green
Building developments in terms of
site orientation and other green
features.
4.4 QUALITY LIVING
In order to ensure good quality living
standards within the Capital city, a set
of public provision standards have been
prepared at the city level, as illustrated
in Table 4.1. The SEED Urban Design
proposal incorporates these standards
into the SEED master plan.
City Level Facilities
As the SEED development area
houses the Capital city’s downtown
and administrative government core,
special land has been allocated for a
number of city level public amenities
including:
•
•
•
•
•
•
International level Indoor stadium
Iconic City gallery
Performance venue
International Convention centre
Regional Hospital
A state level university and other
higher education institutions
• Botanical gardens
• Golf course & Other large city parks
Gateway
TOD
These facilities will make the downtown
a vibrant destination for the city
residents.
Waterfront
TOD
Downtown
TOD
Primary (Public) Green Network
Secondary Green Network
Pedestrian Network Network
Pocket Park
Waterfront Park
Town and neighbourhood level Wetland
amenities
Park
The plan also safeguards land for town
and neighbourhood level civic facilities,
including:
• 16 Ha of land is proposed for primary
schools, secondary schools and
junior colleges.
• 332 Ha of mixed use developments
which will include small crutches,
learning schools, community halls,
grocery stores, etc.
The plan ensures wakability as most of
these developments have been planned
within 5-10 mins walking distance from
the transit stations.
Amravati
Plaza
Transit Oriented Developments (TOD)
Schools
Neighborhood Parks
Neighborhood Centres
1km TOD Catchment Area
Proposed Regional Level Facility Provision for the Capital city
Educational
Facilities
Vocational / ICT Institute
1 per 1 million population. 4.0 ha site.
Engineering College
1 per 1 million population. 4.0 ha site
Medical College
1 per 1 million population. 15.0 ha site
Profession College
1 per 1 million population. 6.0 ha site
Nursing College
1 per 1 million population. 2.0 ha site
Health
Facilities
Multi-speciality Hospital
1 per 100,000. 6.3 Ha
District Hospital
1 per 250,000 population. 6.0 ha site
Sports &
recreation
District Sports Centre
1 for every 100,000 population. 8.0 ha site.
Divisional Sports Centre
1 for every 1million population. 20.0 ha site.
District Office
1 per 1 million population. 4.8 ha site
Civic facilities
29
Police Line
1 per 2 million population. 6.0 ha site.
District Jail
1 per 1 million population. 10.0 ha site.
Table 4.1 Provision of Public facilities (Based on URDFI Guidelines)
400m Walkability Radius
Fig.4.22 SEED: Amenities Plan
Fig.4.23 Examples of City level Public Facilities
Botanical
Garden
Civic Plaza
Gateway
Arts & Performance
Commercial Culture Center Center
30
Gateway
Bridge
Iconic
Tower
University
Downtown
Towers
4.5 IDENTITY AND
HERITAGE
Regional
University
Indoor Sports
Center
Assembly and
Secretariate
Convention
Center
Wetland
Park
4.5.1 Landmarks
Landmarks are proposed to create an
identity and sense of place within SEED
Primary (Public) Green Network
Secondary Green Networkdevelopment. Some of the important
Pedestrian Network Network
City
ones are below:
Pocket Park
Gallery
Waterfront Park
Iconic
Bridge
Amravati
Plaza
Landmark Buildings
View Corridors
Botanical
Garden
Civic Plaza
Performance Centre
Fig.4.25 Mood Images- Landmark Buildings
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
City Gallery:
A gallery is proposed showcasing the
development history and the heritage
of the City. This occupies the nothern tip
of the ceremonial government axis and
also will become one of the gateway
developments when the bridge to west
of the SEED development comes up.
Convention Center, Indoor Sports
Center, Arts & Cultural Center,
Performing Arts Center:
Few of these nodal buildings are
proposed as terminations of the central
and most important section of the
waterfront. This is illustrated in Figure
4.24. THey help in structuring the SEED
development and concentrating the
focus and importance of public uses on
the waterfront.
Fig.4.24 SEED: Landmarks , nodes, views and vistas
Convention Centre
Assembly and Secretariat:
The two functions are proposed within
one landmark complex that creates
the main image of Amaravati City. This
building cluster has been strategically
positioned to represent the State
Government headquarters. It offers
unencumbered views of the Krishna
river to the north, the Neerukonda
hill to the south along the north-south
ceremonial axis.
Arts & Culture Center / Library
Iconic Towers:
The two buildings along the central
boulevard abutting the Amaravati Plaza
are proposed as the iconic twin towers
that will help create a modern image
for Amaravati. These will be the tallest
buildings in the City.
Gateway Bridge and Commercial:
The first bridge that will be constructed
and become the gateway to the new
capital city is the one on the eastern
edge of SEED development. It is very
important that this bridge is developed
as an icon and symbol of the new capital
city. Few parcels that will be visible
while entering through this gateway
will be developed as iconic towers to
mark the importance.
4.5.2 Views and Vistas
It should be noted that each of
the above mentioned landmark
developments either offer a view from
or to the development. For example,
the Gateway Commercial and City
Gallery can be viewed while entering
the capital city, whereas the Assembly
and Secretariat will offer axial views
for the building users from within.
The important views and vistas are
highlighted in Figure 4.24.
High Court
Note: Artist impressions are subjected to detailed design development
Civic Axis
Secretariat and
Assembly
State Ministries
Ceremonial: Government Core
Arts &
Gateway
Tower Culture Center
To U 9
nd
Cav avali
es
32
To
Gateway
Bridge
19
15
16
3
1
14
To Neerukonda
Hill
4
The Tourism Plan proposes a number
of attractions within the SEED
Development area. These attractions
are connected to the City wide tourism
circuits which lead to the historic
Undavalli Caves, and Kanak Durga
temple in the east, Amaravathi Buddha
Statue in the west and the Kondapalli
fort in the north (Figure 4.26). Tourism
developments have been planned in
University
ga
ur
kD e
na pl
Ka em
T
8
4.5.3 Tourism Plan
Downtown
Towers
13
2
4 key categories, namely Waterfront
tourism, Culture and Heritage, Nature
tourism, and Entertainment across the
SEED Development area, based on the
landscape offered. These attractions
have been strategically planned to
tap on the surrounding context and
location within the capital city. The plan
capitalizes on the existing river Krishna
and the scenic island by providing key
attractions along their waterfront.
18
20
17
Downtown
Jetty
Performance
Center
Iconic
Tower
6
5
Indoor Sports Convention
Center
Center
11
12
7
To Amaravati
Tourist Circuit
Botanical
Garden Jetty
Botanical
Garden
Civic
Plaza
City
Gallery
Fig.4.27 SEED: Tourism Plan
Fig.4.26 Capital City Religious Tourism Plan
Nature Tourism
Culture and Heritage
6
7
8
9
City Gallery
Amaravathi Buddha Statue
Kanak Durga Temple
Undavalli Caves
11
12
13
14
15
Botanic Gardens
Civic Plaza
Linear canal Park
Island Golf Course
Wetland Park
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Waterfront Tourism
Entertainment
16
17
18
19
20
Indoor Sports Center
Convention Centre
Indoor sports Stadium
Downtown Entertainment clusters
Luxury resort on the island
1
2
3
4
5
Amaravati Plaza
Waterfront Promenade
Waterfront Iconic CBD
Iconic Gateway
Downtown Jetty
Key Tourism Attractions
Waterfront Tourism
Culture and Heritage
Nature Tourism
Entertainment
The 7 km (approx) long river Krishna active
waterfront will be a prime tourist attraction
offering scenic views and attractive waterfront
parks and promenades. A wide spectrum of
recreation and entertainment facilities have been
planned along the waterfront, complemented by
a range of waterfront hotels, resorts, F&B, service
and luxury apartments.
The Capital City Tourism Plan focuses on preserving
and protecting all key cultural and heritage sites
within and beyond the Capital city. The SEED
tourism plan connects to the various protected
cultural and heritage destinations within the larger
tourism circuit. Protection of these attractions also
help in preserving the City’s local identity and
culture.
A continuation to the city wide green network,
the SEED development area will also offer several
nature based recreational parks and attractions for
residents and visitors alike. These include Botanical
Gardens, Wetland Park, Civic Plaza and linear parks
along the existing canal.
The tourism plan aims to provide a number of city
level entertainment attractions for the residents
and tourists. These attractions will create a unique
identity for the Capital city. These attractions
include the Performance Centre, Convention
Centre, Indoor Sports Stadium, Downtown
Entertainment clusters and Luxury resort on the
island.
Waterfront Promenade
A 7 km long active waterfront promenade
has been planned within the SEED area.
This promenade will connect the various
waterfront attractions.
Amaravati Plaza
Planned along the river Krishna
waterfront the grand Amaravati public
plaza marks the termination of the
downtown axis.
Amaravati Statue
The famous Amaravati Statue is
one of the key heritage tourism
attractions in the city level tourism
circuit.
Undavalli Caves
The historic Undavalli caves, one of the
important tourism attraction will be
facilitated with interpretation and public
facilities.
Botanical Gardens
The Botanic gardens planned along
the riverfront shall exhibit the
regions local flora and fauna, and
host outdoor public events.
Civic Plaza
The Amaravati civic plaza is planned along
the waterfront at the termination of the
ceremonial government axis, and will be
used for national public celebrations.
Convention Centre
An international level convention
centre will provide MICE facilities
within Amaravati city.
Indoor Sports Stadium
The indoor sports stadium will host
national and international sports events
and festivals attracting a large number of
tourists from the region.
33
High Speed
Rail
Iconic
Gateway
Iconic
Bridge
34
Gateway
Development
Iconic: Amaravati Gateway
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Wetland
Park
Note: Artist impressions are subjected to detailed design development
4.5.4 Waterfront
Development
spaces touch the waterfront.
Krishna river is most important part
of the Amaravati’s heritage. Thus
one of the aim for the modern green
Amaravati City is to celebrate the
Krishna waterfront by giving special
focus while designing the waterfront.
The SEED development itself offers 7
km of riverfront.
Key Strategies
The overall strategy is to maintain
public access to the entire waterfront.
This has been further enhanced by
adopting the following measures.
1. Extend the urban edge for the SEED
development to the north of River
Krishna Boulevard so that the public
Civic
Plaza
Botanical
Garden
2. Propose programs that offer more
public activities along this stretch
of waterfront such as Performance
Arts Center, Convention Center, etc.
3. Alter the profile of the island to
create an interesting dynamic
edge by varying the width of water
channel between the mainland and
the island. This will require dredging
of this section of river which can be
effectively utilized for backfilling
and raising the platforms of the
SEED development area.
4. The island that is part of the
SEED area will be fully developed
with
medium-low
intensity
developments, thus increasing the
perimeter of the waterfront that
5. The strategy is also to retain a
natural edge in most of the other
parts within SEED development.
This is proposed to be more
attractive by introducing functions
like the Botanical Gardens and
Wetland Parks along the river edge.
6. The existing bund is proposed to be
Botanical
Garden Jetty
Convention Center
Indoor Sports Center
Cafes, Restaurants,
Boutique Hotel
Golf Course
Amaravati
Plaza
realigned and moved closer to the
water for the section to the north
River Krishna Boulevard. This will
help maximise the land potential
within SEED by adding more ground
surface area for development.
the people can access.
Promenade
Performance
Center Jetty Arts & Culture Center
7. Water public transport has also
been introduced as one of the
key features that will allow public
to connect to several important
nodal developments using water as
means of transport. This could be
both recreational and commuter as
well.
The sections of the following pages help
better illustrate the different treatments
envisaged for the waterfront.
Wetland Park
35
36
Car- Park
Public
Connection
Bund
Promenade
River Krishna
Fig.4.28 Activating the waterfront with bund as the promenade
Performance
Center
Open Air
Amphitheatre
Fig.4.29 Bund as active public space
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Bund
Promenade
River Krishna
37
Promenade
Car- Park
Public Connection
Bund
Promenade
Ghats
River Krishna
Fig.4.30 Bund integrated with the development
Amaravati
Gateway
Amaravati
Downtown
Hospitality
Node
Government
Core
4.6 PROPOSED MASSING
AND SKYLINE
38
The skyline for the SEED development
can be well appreciated from the NH9
and the two iconic bridges entering
the City. A few strategies have been
adopted to ensure that this will be the
most iconic developments to serve as
the Central Business District of the new
capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Varying Skyline
The Gateway node and Downtown
Node are the high points. This is so
because these areas are designed
to have maximum development
potential being close to high capacity
roads, having frontage and visibility
and also having excellent mass transit
connectivity. Whereas the Government
core and the villages settlements are
the low points. This helps create an
interesting dynamic and breaks the
monotony of the urban fabric to allows
for a mixed density development.
25-30 storeys
15-25 storeys
10-15 storeys
5-10 storeys
Stepping towards waterfront
Another strategy adopted is to step
the building heights down towards the
river, except for a few special parcels.
This strategy allows to maximise the
views to the Krishna river and also
offers a pleasing and organized skyline
view from the island and from the
northern banks of Krishna river.
Emphasizing the Arc
The River Krishna Boulevard has also
been treated in way to help enhance
its profile. The buildings that line up
the arc road on the southern side are
proposed to have more continuous
facades that will help accentuate the
profile of this road.
Transit Nodes
Other than the above mentioned
strategies, the nodes along the MRT
stations have been given special
consideration by allowing for higher
density high rise developments to
capitalize on the potential of these
MRT stations.
The proposed building heights that will
facilitate the realization of the above
mentioned strategies is illustrated in
Figure 4.31.
Fig.4.31 Massing and Skyline
Amaravati
Gateway
Fig.4.32 Section showing the Skyline for SEED development
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Amaravati
Downtown
Hospitality
Node
Government
Core
Gateway
Tower
Gateway
Bridge
Arts &
Wetland
Park Culture Center
Performance
Center
Downtown
Towers
University
Regional
University
39
Downtown
Jetty
Golf Course
Amaravati
Plaza
Iconic
Tower
Indoor Sports Convention
Center
Center
Botanical
Garden Jetty
River Krishna
Botanical
Garden
Note: Artist impressions are subjected to detailed design development
Civic
Plaza
Assembly and
Secretariat
SEED Development Masterplan
City
Gallery
Iconic
Bridge
4.7 SEED: MASTER PLAN
The various urban design strategies
discussed in the previous section
combine to form a comprehensive
landuse as illustrated in Figure 4.33.
The plan is proposed to create 635,000
jobs and accommodates over 300,000
residential population within the SEED
development. The strategies and
proposals for the landuse plan include:
40
• To create a variety of sustainable
jobs by devising an effective strategy
for employment distribution.
• To provide for variety of lifestyle :
The plan proposes 4 main residential
typologies for the SEED development
• To create for world class infrastructure
•
•
•
•
solutions: The plan proposes smart
infrastructure solutions along with
smart mobility for creating a world
class Central Business District.
To ensure good quality living:
The SEED Urban Design proposal
incorporates ensure good quality
living standards into the SEED master
plan.
To create an identity and sense of
place within SEED development,
landmark structures are proposed
To promote culture and heritage of
Amaravati City: The Tourism Plan
proposes a number of attractions
within the SEED Development area.
To create a unique skyline for the
City.
Table 4.2 SEED: Landuse Distribution Table
S No.
Fig.4.33 Landuse Plan
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Landuse
Total Area (Ha)
Percentage (%)
1
Business Park
39
2.30%
2
Commercial
47
2.80%
3
Existing Habitation
29
1.74%
4
Government Administration
60
3.53%
8
High Density Residential
45
2.63%
5
Infrastructure
11
0.64%
6
Institution
17
0.99%
7
Low Density Residential
84
4.99%
9
Medium Density Residential
62
3.69%
10
Mixed Use Developments
255
15.07%
11
Neighbourhood Centre
4
0.23%
12
Parks and Greens
331
19.56%
13
Roads
277
16.37%
14
Schools
14
0.82%
15
Special Use
119
7.01%
16
Special Development Zone
225
13.27%
17
Village Buffer
4
0.22%
18
Water
70
4.13%
1,694
100%
Total Area
41
42
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THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
5
PLACE-MAKING
STRATEGIES
This chapter presents the detailed urban design approach for the 4 key
nodes of the development. These nodes include Amaravati Government
Core, Amaravati Downtown, Amaravati Gateway and Amaravati Waterfront.
This description is followed by detailed recommendations for development
control within these key nodes.
The chapter is divided into the following sub-sections:
1. Vibrant Nodes
2. Development Control Recommendations
Existing Green Spines within the Capital City
5.1 AMARAVATI
GOVERNMENT CORE
44
The government core is probably the
most important area of the Capital
City. It will house the seat of the state
government, which is the very reason
for the existence of the capital city. The
Amaravati government core houses
the 3 civic arms of the Andhra Pradesh
state. Special design consideration
has been given to this important
government axis through the following
place making strategies:
3
4
5
2
• The frontage of the buildings facing
the central green space are designed
to be vehicle free. Vehicle access
is restricted to the rear side not
fronting the central green space.
• Physical barriers between the
government buildings and the green
central park should be avoided as far
as possible in order to allow people
to experience and be as close the
government functions as possible.
such as canteens, coffee shops,
alfresco dinning, etc. in addition to
functioning as a park where people
can spend their leisure time.
• At the same time, it becomes critical
to maintain the security and allow
flexibility of the spaces to increase
security as and when required.
The above strategies are illustrated in
the adjacent figures.
Fig.5.2 Location Plan: Amaravati
Government Node
• These green spaces can be used
for numerous F&B activities
6
Activity generating
uses at ground level
1
7
Legend
1.Assembly and Secretariat
2.Civic Axis
3.Civic Plaza
4.High Court
5.City Gallery
6.State Ministries
7.Government Housing
Fig.5.1 Illustrative Plan: Amaravati
Government Node
Active use like retail,
restaurants, cafes
Spillage of activities on to
the green space
Covered
Walkway
Outdoor
Refreshment Area
Access from local
roads
Underpass to allow for
seamless connectivity
between Civic Axis & Civic
Plaza
Civic Axis functioning as park as well as
the place for government ceremonies
Fig.5.4 Diagram illustrating placemaking strategies for Amaravati Government Node
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
Fig.5.3 Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Government Node
5.2 AMARAVATI
DOWNTOWN
The Amaravati Downtown is the
commercial heart of the Capital city.
This area has the best access through
public transit. Therefore, the following
strategies will help exploit maximum
potential:
• The buildings along the central
boulevard are proposed to have
no setbacks and active uses such
as retail, restaurants, cafes on the
ground storey. These will be allowed
to spill over on to the walkways in
order to create an active building
edge.
No setback
Access from
local roads
MRT
Vehicular access
discouraged for
continuity of active
building edge
• Vehicular access is discouraged
along the central boulevard as it is a
Major arterial road. This also allows
continuity of the active building
edges.
• The buildings are designed to be
integrated seamlessly with the MRT
stations to allow comfort for the
commuters.
• The landmark towers that are
illustrated in Figure xyz, will be
integrated with MRT stations so that
commuters can directly access the
buildings from the station level.
• The corners of the building at the
illustrated junction will receive
special articulation in order to
accentuate its importance as a
transit and commercial node.
• Small pocket parks will complement
the city level green spaces to create
breathing semi-public gathering
2
4
2
Fig.5.5 Location Plan - Amaravati Downtown
Fig.5.8 Diagram illustrating placemaking strategies for Amaravati Downtown Core
1
6
3
Fig.5.6 Illustrative Plan: Amaravati Downtown
Active use like retail,
restaurants, cafes
Outdoor Bicycle
Refreshment Lane
Area
Buildings integrated
seamlessly with MRT
station
Fig.5.7 Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Downtown Road
2
5
3
Legend
1.Downtown TOD
2.Downtown Commercial
3.Mixed-use development
4.Central Boulevard
5.Canal Park
6.Downtown Road
Active use like retail,
Spillage of commercial
restaurants, cafes activities on to the green space
Corner
Landmark
articulation
Towers
to accentuate
transit node
45
Bus-bay
5.3 AMARAVATI GATEWAY
6
46
5
7
2
3
Legend
1. Gateway Towers
2.Gateway Commercial
3.Gateway TOD
4. School & Amenities
5. High Rise Residential
Development
6. Wetland Park
7. Gateway Bridge
2
2
4
2
This node will create the first impression
of the Capital City because it forms
the gateway to the city and SEED
development. It has been designed in
a way to create the necessary impact
that one needs to feel while entering
the Capital City. Following strategies
will help achieve the above:
• The bridge is designed in itself to
become a symbol of the city to
welcome the arrivals.
• Appropriate parcels have been
identified to be developed for
the Iconic Gateway towers and to
emphasize the grandeur effect of
entering the capital city.
• This has been further enhanced by
carefully setting back the building to
create a larger green/public space in
front of the building that allows one
to appreciate the buildings. These
will be active urban spaces with F&B,
retail, and also showcasing open air
performances.
• These spaces are seamlessly
connected to the wetland park and
the public waterfront.
• The rooftop of the podium building
will be visible while arriving from
the iconic bridge and is proposed to
house open to sky public activities.
• Vehicular access is only provided
through sub-arterial and collector
roads and vehicular access is
Fig.5.9 Illustrative Plan: Amaravati Gateway
Building setback to create
larger public space
Iconic Gateway
Tower emphasizing
grandeur entrance
Commercial
Spillage of
Activity generating
Edge along
commercial
uses at ground level
the public activities on to the
space
green space
discouraged along the waterfront
thus maintaining a peaceful and safe
environment.
These strategies are illustrated in the
adjacent figures.
Fig.5.10 Location Plan: Amaravati Gateway
Open to sky public Access from local
activities
roads
Iconic Gateway
Tower
Active urban
spaces
Seamless pedestrian
connection to
wetland park
Fig.5.11 Diagram illustrating placemaking strategies for Amaravati Gateway
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
F & B , Retail, outdoor
refreshment areas
Vehicular access
discouraged
Wetland Park
Fig.5.12 Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Gateway
Overhead
bridge
5.4 AMARAVATI
WATERFRONT
The Amaravati waterfront is envisioned
as an active public waterfront with city
level commercial and recreational uses.
The key place making strategies for the
Amaravati waterfront include:
• Large public buildings are proposed
to attract people to the waterfront.
In accordance to this, large public
spaces have been designed to
accommodate these numbers.
• The buildings and public spaces
are designed to be barrier free in
order to integrate the interiors and
exteriors.
• The ground level of these buildings
are encouraged to have direct access
from the public spaces.
• The Amaravati plaza is a grand plaza
that will be a multipurpose space
housing activities such as waterfront
amphitheaters, traditional street
hawkers, etc in order to create an
interesting yet compatible mix of
activities.
The adjacent figures help further
illustrate these strategies.
1
47
2
3
Fig.5.13 Location Plan - Amaravati
Gateway
Legend
1.Convention Centre
2.Indoor Sports Centre
3.Restaurants/ cafes
4.Amaravati Plaza
5.Promenade
6.Performance Centre
7.Arts & Culture Centre
8. Iconic Towers
9. Waterfront MRT Station
4
8
8
5
9
Fig.5.14 Illustrative Plan: Amaravati Waterfront
Activity generating
uses at ground level
Barrier free Open to sky public
Spillage of
activities
activities on to the public spaces
green space
Pedestrian
Seamless pedestrian
Access from
connection to BRT station local roads bridge to island
Active use
like retail,
restaurants,
cafes
Fig.5.16 Diagram illustrating placemaking strategies for Amaravati Waterfront
Performance
Center
Amphitheater
Promenade
integrating with
the building
Fig.5.15 Artist’s Impression - Amaravati Waterfront
Promenade
6
7
5.5 DEVELOPMENT
CONTROL
RECOMMENDATIONS
48
The following section proposes a
number of development control
recommendations that will ensure
successful implementation of the
master plan. These recommendations
will help in achieving the proposed
image and identity for the SEED area
through the following key development
strategies:
Iconic City Gateway:
Create an Iconic Gateway structure
earmarking the entry point for the
Capital City from Vijayawada and the
Gannavaram airport.
Landmarks:
Ensure key buildings are located at
highly visible sites, to provide strong
visual marker in the Downtown /Central
Business District.
Building Edge and Use:
Ensure all the buildings abutting public
plazas and main transit hubs have a
mandatory building edge with activity
generating uses at the ground level.
Outdoor refreshment area along the
open spaces is encouraged to ensure
vibrancy in the plaza.
Pedestrian Connections:
Ensure
seamless
pedestrian
connectivity between the MRT stations,
key commercial buildings and the
public spaces.
Fig.5.17 Urban Design Control - Concept Plan
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
Views and Vistas:
Ensure significant vistas towards
the river Krishna waterfront. View
corridors to be maintained without
encroachment from several points
along the arterial and sub arterial roads.
As discussed in Chapter 4, the SEED
Master plan proposes 4 key nodes,
including, Amaravati Government Core
Amaravati Downtown, Amaravati
Gateway, Amaravati Waterfront. The
development control recommendations
and plans have been prepared for these
special nodes.
5.5.1 Development
Control Plans
Building use Plan
The Building use Plan provides
recommendations for development of
ground level public spaces within the 4
key nodes. (Figure 5.18)
Mandatory building edge
The Mandatory Building Edge Plan
ensures that all buildings abutting the
plazas and nodes are provided with
activity generating uses by proposing
a mandatory building edge along these
buildings. (Figure 5.19)
Proposed Public Access Plan
The Public Access Plan identifies the
optimal ingress and egress point for
developments within the key nodes.
(Figure 5.20)
49
Fig.5.18 Recommended Building Use Plan
Fig.5.19 Recommended Mandatory Building Edge Plan
50
Fig.5.20 Recommended Public Access Plan
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
6
INFRASTRUCTURE
PROPOSAL
The immediate infrastructural requirements have been identified in this
proposal. This is to guide the future detailed studies and immediate action
plans that will be required to provide infrastructure for the Capital City Seed
Development.
These recommendations have been included in the Seed Development land
use master plan in order to reserve appropriate land space for infrastructure
development.
The key infrastructure proposals cover:
1. Roads
2. Flood Management
3. Water Supply
4. Waste Water
5. Power Supply
6. Solid Waste Management
7. Telecoms Network
View of River Krishna
6.1 ROAD
INFRASTRUCTURE
52
There are five major road developments
to be implemented in preparation of
the Seed Development:•
•
•
•
•
Construction Access Road
Downtown Road
Administrative Core Roads
Bridge and Semi-Expressway
Utility Corridor along the Downtown
Road
6.1.1 Construction
Access Road
A construction access road is required
to start the construction of the Seed
Development and gain interim access.
Based on discussions held with CRDA
officials, a construction access road
is to be built along the existing roads
connecting Vijayawada (from Prakasam
Barrage) to the Seed Development and
the Administrative Core.
The construction access road, which
is shown in Fig.6.1, is proposed to run
along the existing Amaravathi Road
before connecting to the proposed
bridge along the proposed SemiExpressway and along the Downtown
Road Corridor to the Administrative
Core.
The section of the Construction Access
Road within the Seed Development
would be upgraded to the Downtown
Road upon completion of the Phase 1
development.
6.1.2 Administrative
Core Roads
The construction of the Administrative
Core Roads are to be developed
separately from the roads in the Seed
Development. These roads form part of
the Administrative Core Development.
However, it is recommended that the
plans for the Government Core be
developed in conjunction with the the
overall Seed Development road design.
Fig.6.1 Proposed Downtown Road serving the Seed Development
Fig.6.2 Schematic Design of the Downtown Road cross-section (without Rapid Transit Network)
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
Fig.6.3 Schematic Design of the Downtown Road cross-section (with Rapid Transit Network)
6.1.3 Downtown Road
A Downtown Road connecting the
Seed Development to the existing road
network is required.
A corridor for the Downtown Road has
been identified in the Capital City master
plan as shown in Fig.6.1. It runs along
the construction access road alignment
within the Seed Development.
The Downtown Road is essential as it is
intended as the gateway into the CBD
core and the Administrative Core.
It is proposed to be located
approximately 1km north of the
Vijayawada-Amaravathi
Road
/
Rayapudi Main Road, and runs parallel
to these roads. Its approximate length
is 7km.As the Downtown Road will be
used as the main development corridor,
the recommended road reserve width
is 50m.
This road reserve width includes space
for future expansion, space for Rapid
Transit Networks in the future, and
space to accommodate pedestrians,
cyclists, as well as public transport
infrastructure such as bus stops and
traffic signals.
In the initial stage, developments along
the Downtown Road will not be of high
intensity. However, it is necessary to
ensure that development along the
Downtown Road do not encroach into
the road reserve.
It is recommended that a study be
conducted to ensure that the proposed
alignment for the Downtown Road is
feasible, and to develop guidelines for
the developments along this corridor
to maintain the desired setback from
the road reserve.
For the startup phase, the Downtown
Road will be designed as a two-lane
dual-carriageway with a wide median.
Fig.6.2 shows a schematic of the
Downtown Road cross-section.
6.1.4 Bridge and SemiExpressway
The bridge and semi-expressway east of
the Seed Development site is currently
being developed and constructed. The
timely completion of the bridge and
semi-expressway is vital to support the
Seed Development.
6.1.5 Utility Corridors
The following services are to be
provided as part of the Downtown
Street development:• Water Supply
• Sewerage
• Power Supply
• Telecoms
As shown in Fig.6.4, sufficient space
has been reserved for the different
utilities within the Right-of-Way of the
Downtown Road.
An integrated Utility or Services
Corridor may be constructed within
the side tables of the road. By doing so,
maintenance or upgrade works would
have minimal impact on traffic flow. This
would also help developments connect
to the services without affecting the
roads and traffic.
The Utility Corridor should not be
developed solely along the Downtown
Road Corridor; the schematic design
needs to account for the extension
of the Utility Corridors to the
ancillary infrastructure such as Water
Distribution Centres, Sewage Treatment
Plants, and Electrical Sub-stations.
6.1.6 Follow Up Actions
It is recommended that a Downtown
Road study be carried out to study
the alignment, topography, and
construction.
As part of this study, the details and
guidelines for the Utility Corridor should
be developed to guide its construction,
as well as to ensure that space is
allocated for the various utilities.
As part of the study, the utility
agencies and local authorities should
be consulted so that the development
requirements for the Downtown Road
is safeguarded.
Table 6.1 CRDA’s Follow Up Actions for Road Infrastructure
Construction of Construction Access Road from Prakasam
Barrage to Administrative Core / Seed Development
1
CRDA to construct the construction access road leading from the
Prakasam Barrage using the existing road alignments where possible
Construction of Downtown Road for the Seed Development
2
Design and construct the Downtown Road, including short-term and
long-term sizing of the road
Construction of Utilities Corridor and All Infrastructure within
the Downtown Road Reserve/Right of Way (ROW)
3
4
5
Fig.6.4 Proposed Downtown Road Cross-section indicating possible locations for services and utilities.
Carry out a study to identify key utility providers and their requirements
for the utilities corridor
Design and construct Utilities Corridor and all infrastructure along
the Downtown Road Reserve/Right of Way (ROW), taking into account
tapping points for the developers to connect utilities with minimum disruption to the road traffic
Design and construct all infrastructure such as utilities, bus bays, street
furniture, planting, street lighting etc
53
6.2 FLOOD MANAGEMENT
The Seed Development is located
within the Kondaveeti Vagu catchment.
Kondaveeeti Vagu is a tributary of
Krishna River, with a catchment area of
approximately 453 square kilometres.
54
There are two possible causes of
inundation at the Seed Development:
fluvial flow from the Krishna River and
runoff from the Kondaveeti Vagu.
Based on historical data and past
reports, the maximum flood level of
Krishna River at Prakasam Barrage
(approximately 9km downstream of
site) is +21.7m above mean sea level
(AMSL).
The Kondaveeti Vagu has a reported
inundation level of +20.0m AMSL during
the monsoon seasons. This inundation
occurs 2-3 times a year.
6.2.1 Flood Protection
from Krishna River
An existing bund currently protects
the Seed Development from high
water levels from Krishna River. The
existing bund levels within the Seed
Development range from +25 to +27m
AMSL.
Fig.6.5 Digital Elevation Analysis of the Seed Development Area
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
The Seed Development area is relatively
high, and slopes gently from west to
east. Based on the digital elevation
maps provided by CRDA, the ground
level in the highest ground in the west
is +26m AMSL, whereas the lowest
ground is in the southeast area with an
estimated level of +23m AMSL.
6.2.2 Flood Protection from
Kondaveeti Vagu
Fig.6.5 shows the results of the digital
elevation analysis. Based on satellite
imagery and topographical surveys, the
ground levels at the Seed Development
are higher than the reported inundation
level.
The satellite data / imagery is
sufficiently accurate, and therefore it is
currently not possible to determine the
actual area of inundation based on the
existing data.
For the purposes of the Seed
Development plan, the recommended
platform level is +25m AMSL. This is
based on the levels of the existing
villages in the catchment, as these
villages have not been affected by the
annual, normal inundation.
The platform level of the island is
proposed at a minimum of +26m AMSL
as the island would not be protected by
any bund.
The actual increase in platform
levels are subject to a more detailed
hydrological and hydraulic analysis of
the Kondaveeti Vagu.
To further protect the site from
flooding, diversion drains channeling
storm water along the boundaries
of the site into Krishna River should
be provided. By doing so, the Seed
Development would therefore need
to provide drainage for its internal
rainfall without allowing external flows
through the site.
6.2.3 Follow Up Actions
Based on the analyses, there are three
key actions to be undertaken to protect
the Seed Development area from
flooding:• Realignment and strengthening of
the Krishna River bund
• Raising of platform levels for the
Seed Development and Island
• Construction of Diversion Drains
around the Seed Development
Table 6.2 show the proposed follow up
actions to be taken.
Realignment and strengthening
of the Krishna River Bund
The realignment of the bund is proposed
to support the plan to expand the Seed
Development area. The strengthening
of the bund alignment will also provide
added protection from fluvial flooding.
The proposed bund can be designed to
the same level of the existing bund, and
subsequently, the existing bund section
that cuts across the Seed Development
should be lowered to match the
platform level. This can be done after
the completion of the realignment
works.
Raising of platform levels for
the Seed Development and Island
The raising of platform levels for
the Seed Development and Island
also ensures that the site would be
protected from flooding events from
Krishna River and Kondaveeti Vagu. This
also adds additional flood protection to
the rest of the Capital City.
A dredging study should be carried
out to investigate the possibility of
dredging Krishna River and to use the
dredge material as for earth filling.
The feasibility of dredging, mining, and
Fig.6.6 Realignment and strengthening of the Krishna
River Bund
transport of the fill material are to be
confirmed by CRDA in a detailed study
after the planning stage.
In addition to the dredging for the fill
material, dredging works are required
to create the proposed water channel
between the Seed Development and
the Island.
Construction
of
Diversion
Drains
around
the
Seed
Development
The diversion drains running along the
perimeter of the Seed Development
need to be constructed at the same time
as the raising of platform levels and the
drainage works. This would ensure that
the Seed Development site would not
be affected by external runoff and also
prevent inundation of the land further
upstream. The drainage network
within the Seed Development would
work independently from the drainage
network for the Capital City.
Fig.6.7 Raising of platform levels for the Seed
Development and Island
Table 6.2 CRDA’s Follow Up Actions for Flood Management
Realignment and strengthening of Krishna River bund
1
2
Undertake a detailed study of the partial realignment of the existing
bund, so that more riverfront land can be retained for seed development
Design and construct the new stretch of realigned bund, and lower existing bund to platform level
Raising of platform levels for seed development & island
3
4
5
6
7
Carry out Dredging & Hydraulic Study to ascertain the availability and
suitability of fill materials from Krishna River, and the environmental
and hydraulic impact due to a change in the river morphology
Conduct a hydrological & Hydraulic Study of Krishna River and Kondaveeti Vagu and Carry out Dredging Works to create Water Channels
Carry out detailed topographical survey of seed development to determine exact extent of area to be raised
Raise platform levels within Seed Development to +25m AMSL (indicative),
matching existing villages
Raise platform level of island to existing bund level (Subject to Dredging & Hydraulic Study of Krishna River)
Construction of Diversion drains serving the seed
development, including outfall structures
8
9
Design and construct main drains and outfall structures according to
Singapore or Indian code of practice (whichever is more stringent)
ABC Waters features to be considered where possible
Fig.6.8 Proposed Water Channel within the Seed
Development to be created by dredging
Fig.6.9 Construction of Diversion Drains around the
Seed Development
55
6.3 WATER SUPPLY
There are no existing Water Treatment
Plant (WTP) and storage facilities for raw
water to serve the Seed Development
Area at the moment.
56
Fig.6.10
shows
the
proposed
Water Supply network for the Seed
Development.
The infrastructure required to support
the Seed Development consists of:• a Water Treatment Plant,
• Water Transmission Mains
• Water Distribution Centres
6.3.1 Water Treatment Plant
The proposed Water Treatment Plant
(WTP1) is to be located approximately
3.5km to the west boundary of the
Seed Development. The WTP should
be constructed in modules so that the
capacity of the WTP can be expanded
as and when required.
6.3.2 Water Transmission
Mains
The water mains from the WTP will
be connected to the Downtown Road
Corridor. The water mains should
be as part of the Downtown Road
construction works.
Fig.6.10 Water Supply Strategy for Seed Development
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
corresponding supply areas. A detailed
feasibility study has to be carried out to
confirm the suitability of WDC location,
and sizing of the tanks.
The locations of the WDCs are shown
indicatively and is subject to detailed
design at a later stage.
6.3.4 Follow Up Actions
Table 6.3 shows the proposed follow
up actions required to develop water
supply infrastructure for the Seed
Development.
There are three main follow up actions
required to develop water supply for
the Seed Development.
Construction of Water Treatment Plant
The proposed service zone for Water
Treatment Plant 1 (WTP1) covers the
Seed Development. As such, WTP1
will need to be constructed before
the completion of Phase 1 of the Seed
Development to ensure timely supply
of water.
6.3.3 Water Distribution
Centres
The ultimate capacity of WTP 1 has
been estimated at 260 MLD. However,
for phase 1 of the Seed Development,
the water demand is approximately
15MLD. To ensure that there is
sufficient source of raw water, WTP1
will be designed to draw water from
the Krishna River.
Three Water Distribution Centres,
which comprise ground tanks, pumps
and elevated tanks, are proposed
to be constructed to serve their
A detailed feasibility study will need
to be carried out to confirm the
suitability of location before design
and construction. Based on preliminary
observations, WTP1 can obtain water
by providing a water intake structure
further off-shore from the edge of the
river.
standard within WTP1, the water will
be transferred through the water
transmission mains and stored inside
the WDCs.
Construction of Water Transmission Mains along the Downtown Road
Construction of Water Distribution Centres
There is a need to develop water
transmission pipelines and storage
facilities within the Seed Development.
After
treated
to
potable
water
Based on the initial projections, it is
estimated that a minimum of three
Water Distribution Centres (WDCs)
are required to serve the Seed
Development. These WDCs will need
to be connected to the water mains
running along Downtown Road.
Table 6.3 CRDA’s Follow Up Actions for Water Supply
Construction of Water Treatment Plant (WTP-1)
1
2
Provide a Water Yield Study, taking into account the Polavaram and Pulichinthala dams e.g.: completion timeline, capacities and apportionment
of water to be released into Krishna River
Undertake a detailed feasibility study for construction of WTP-1, taking
into consideration its location, water intake structure, water levels in
Krishna River, possible dredging and realignment of Krishna River bund,
and proposed strategy for releasing water from the Pulichinthala Project (Dr KL Rao Sagar Dam)
3
Design and construct the new WTP-1 based on the feasibility study
4
Provide a minimum water treatment plant capacity of 15 MLD for Phase-1
of Seed Development, and 100 MLD by Phase-5
5
Provide regular updates and details on the design and construction of
Reservoir R2, e.g. progress, timelines, etc
Construction of Water Mains along Downtown Road
6
Design and construct water mains from WTP-1 to the seed development
along the Downtown road for connections to the various plots within
the development
Construction of Water Distribution Centres within the Seed
7
8
Design and construct a min of 3 nos. of Water Distribution Centres
(comprising ground storage tanks, pumping stations and water towers)
for distributing water to the seed development
The water distribution centre closest to WTP-1 to be constructed by
phase-1 of seed development, and all 3 by phase-5
The Water Mains along the Downtown
Road should be laid at the same time as
the road infrastructure. This will reduce
the disruptions along the Downtown
Road when there is need to expand
the water supply network. A detailed
feasibility study will need to be carried
out to confirm the exact numbers of
WDCs required, the capacity of each
WDC, and the suitability of locations of
the water mains and each WDC.
57
6.3.5 Proposed Development
Phasing
Fig.6.11 shows the three development
phases of the Seed Development Water
Supply Infrastructure, supporting the
design phase. The projections for the
water demand for each phase is shown
in Table 6.4.
In the initial phase, the first WDC and its
water network would be provided close
to the centre of Phase 1 development.
As the development spreads towards
the east, additional water supply will
be required. Therefore, additional
WDCs and its water mains would be
constructed subsequently.
Table 6.4 Water Demand Projections
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4
Phase 5
Total
Water
Demand (MLD)
11.6
26.1
26.1
13.6
18.3
95.7
Service
Zone
WDC1
WDC2
WDC3
Fig.6.11 Seed Development Water Supply Network, by Phases:
Phase 1, Phase 2 and 3, Phase 4 and 5 (top to bottom)
6.4 WASTE WATER
INFRASTRUCTURE
58
Fig.6.12
shows
the
proposed
Waste Water Network for the Seed
Development. In the short term, the
Seed Development would require a
temporary Sewage Treatment Plant
to serve the initial development. The
discharge point for the STP is subject
to further study, and depends on
the quality of the discharge and the
locations of the nearby outfalls.
6.4.1 Follow up Actions
The completion of the sewerage and
waste water treatment infrastructure is
required at the end of Phase 1 of the
Seed Development.
There are two aspects of the
infrastructure that need to be
completed by 2018:• Temporary Sewage Treatment Plant
• Gravity Trunk Sewer, including lifting
stations
Temporary Sewage Treatment
Plant
The temporary Sewage Treatment Plant
would be constructed by modules.
This allows the treatment plant to be
constructed according to demand.
The proposed Sewage Treatment Plant
is to be located outside the eastern
boundary of the Seed Development.
Its location should be selected based
on the future Capital City sewerage
network. The discharge point of the
effluent of the STP is subject to further
studies.
Gravity Trunk Sewer
The proposed trunk sewer would be laid
along the Downtown Road to serve the
developments along this corridor. As
the development expands towards the
east, the sewerage network would be
ready for connection. Sewer manholes
will be constructed along with off-shoot
branch connections so that disruptions
to the traffic along the Downtown Road
can be minimised.
Table 6.5 Sewage Treatment Projections
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4
Phase 5
Total
Sewage
Projections (MLD)
9.3
20.9
20.9
10.9
14.6
76.6
Table 6.6 CRDA’s Follow Up Actions for Water Supply
Fig.6.12 Waste Water Strategy for Seed Development
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
Construction of Temporary Sewage Treatment Plant
Design and construct a temporary sewage treatment plant outside the
1 boundary of the Seed Development, with minimum capacity of 12 MLD for
Phase-1 of Seed Development, and 80 MLD for Phase-5
Construction of Gravity trunk sewer along the
Downtown Road of Seed Development
Design and construct trunk sewer along the Downtown Road of the
2 Seed Development to the temporary STP for sewer connections from
various plots of the development, including sewage lifting stations
6.5 SOLID WASTE
MANAGEMENT
Integrated Solid Waste Management Facility
Solid Waste Management Facility in
Naidupet, Guntur. The site is an existing
landfill.
Provision for solid waste management
in the Seed Development is not
heavily reliant on hard infrastructure,
and is more dependent on the soft
infrastructure and logistics, namely the
provision of a solid waste collection
system for the new Capital City.
Fig.6.13 shows the possible routes
from the Seed Development to
Naidupet. Further studies are required
to determine the suitability of these
routes.
To support the collection of solid
waste, the trunk roads within the Seed
Development need to be connected
to the external Integrated Solid Waste
Management Facility.
Waste from the Seed Development is
to be sent directly to the Integrated
Solid Waste Management Facility in the
short term. A site for a Transfer Station
TS-1 has been provided in the master
plan in the event that a transfer point
is required by the City in the long term.
There is also a need to carry out a
feasibility study and design for the
proposed ISWMF in Guntur.
As part of this study, the future solid
waste collection system should be
considered, and integrated as part of
the development of this facility. This
would ensure that the proposed solid
waste collection system in the Seed
Development is compatible with the
operations in the ISWMF.
There are plans to provide an Integrated
Table 6.7 CRDA’s Follow Up Actions for Solid Waste Management
Solid Waste Collection System
1
2
3
Provide a modern waste collection system based on international standards and proposals set out by the Solid Waste Framework for Andhra
Pradesh
Design and construct bin centres within the Seed Development with the
capacity of 20 Tons/d (Phase-1) up to 180 Tons/d (Phase-5)
Design and construct arterial roads connecting the Seed Development
to the external landfill or proposed Integrated Solid Waste Management Facility
Integrated Solid Waste Management Facility
5
Carry out feasibility study, detailed design and construction of an Integrated Solid Waste Management Facility in Vijayawada with Waste-to-Energy (WTE) plant, engineered landfill, etc.
Provide landfill site as a temporary measure during the construction
period of the integrated solid waste management facility
6
Provide Regular Updates regarding the progress of the integrated solid
waste management facility in Vijayawada
4
Fig.6.13 Possible Routes to the Solid Waste Treatment Facility in Guntur
6.5.1 Follow Up Actions
Table 6.7 shows the proposed follow
up actions as part of the start up
works required to develop the Seed
Development area.
Solid Waste Collection System
A modern waste collection system is
required to serve the Seed Development.
It is recommended that a detailed
study identifying suitable collection
systems and possible technologies and
their implementation be carried out for
the Seed Development. For example,
pneumatic collection systems may be
considered for high-rise developments
in the Capital City. This is to be studied
in the upcoming Smart Infrastructure
Master Plan.
59
6.6 POWER SUPPLY
NETWORK
60
6.6.1 Diversion of
Existing Overhead
UHV Power Lines
There are existing overhead Ultra High
Voltage power lines running through
the Seed Development area, which
pose constraints to the development.
The diversion of the existing overhead
UHV power lines is required to provide
unencumbered land during the
development of the Seed Development
and the Administrative Core area.
The existing alignments were provided
as a reference for planning, and as such,
a detailed feasibility study will need to
be carried out to confirm the actual
alignment of the existing power lines,
before determining a suitable diversion
route.
Fig.6.14 Proposed Diversion of Overhead Power Lines around the Seed Development
Based on preliminary studies, a suitable
route is proposed around the western
boundary. This would not only serve
the Capital City, but to also ensure the
continuity of the existing transmission
lines.
There would need to be a new
crossing across Krishna River, as
shown in Fig.6.14. However after preconsultations with the authorities, this
would be done preferably via overhead
transmission cables rather than using
submarine cables.
Fig.6.15 Existing Overhead Power Lines around the Seed Development
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
TRANSCO has indicated that the
complete diversion around the Capital
City boundary is a viable option.
TRANSCO should be engaged further
during the Smart Infrastructure Master
Plan to further develop this proposal.
Meanwhile, for the purposes of this
study, the alternative diversion, as
shown in Fig.6.14, is proposed. This
forms the initial basis for the power
supply to the Seed Development.
6.6.2 Construction of Substations and Power
Supply Network
There is a need to develop a
transmission network within the Seed
development down to the 132/33kV
transmission network.
Based on the initial projections, it
is estimated that 3 nos of 132/33kV
substations are required in the Seed
Development.
As previously discussed, the source of
the Seed Development power supply
network is the proposed 220/132kV
transmission station located in the
southwest corner of the site.
Cabling to the start-up phase should be
done using underground cables along
the proposed utility corridor from the
main transmission substation to the
smaller substations.
The provision of the smaller 132/33kV
substations would be provided
according to the development phasing.
6.6.3 Follow Up Actions
Table 6.8 shows the proposed follow
up actions required to support the
development efforts in the initial phase.
6.6.4 Proposed Development
Phasing
Fig.6.16 shows the five development
phases of the Seed Development Power
Supply Infrastructure, supporting the
design phases. In the initial phase, a
sub-station would be provided close to
the centre of the development.
Phase 1
Phase 2
61
Subsequent developments towards the
east would generate more demand,
which in turn would require additional
sub-stations to be constructed. These
may be provided according to demand.
Based on the preliminary estimates,
three 132/33kV substations are required
to serve the Seed Development.
Table 6.8 CRDA’s Follow Up Actions for Power Supply
Diversion of Existing Overhead UHV Power Lines
1
Carry out a detailed feasibility study for the diversion of the existing
overhead cables within the seed development area, and provide a short
term strategy to realign these outside the site
2
Study the alternative of using submarine and underground cables as
an option for continuing the power cables through the site
3
Coordinate with TransCo to divert existing UHV overhead power lines
within the Seed Development Area to the west of its boundary
Phase 3
Phase 4
Design & Construction of Transmission Substations and Network
4
5
6
7
Design and construct 1 no. of 220/132kV transmission substation outside the Seed Development
Design and construct 3 nos. of 132/33kV transmission substations
within the Seed Development
Design and construct underground HV transmission network from
220/132kV transmission substation & 132/33kV substations for the
Seed Development
Phase 5
Design and construct all power distribution substations and network
up to 33/11kV Substations within Seed Development, including laying of
underground 11kV cables
Power Supply
8
Provide at least 70 MW power supply for Phase 1, and 400 MW by
Phase-5 of Seed Development
Fig.6.16 Seed Development Power Supply Network, by Phases
Power De220/132 132/33
mand ProjeckV
kV
tion (MW)
Phase 1
60.6
Phase 2
78.6
Phase 3
96.2
Phase 4
99.9
Phase 5
63.2
Total
398.5
1
1
1
1
33/11
kV
2
3
3
3
2
Table 6.9 Power Demand and the Substations to be built to serve
each Phase
62
6.7 TELECOMS NETWORK
6.7.1 Follow Up Actions
Provision of Telecoms Network within
the Seed Development is necessary to
support the ICT Infrastructure within
the Capital City.
Table 6.10 shows the proposed follow
up actions required to develop the
telecommunications network within
the Seed Development area.
After consultations with the local
agencies and service providers, it
was determined that provision of the
telecommunications network in the
Seed Development is possible.
Engage and Coordinate with
Service Providers for the provision of Telecom Cables within
the Seed Development
The service providers can provide the
cables and connections. However,
conduits will need to be provided by the
Job Creation and Investment Partners
(JCIP) of the Seed Development.
These conduits would need to be
provided as part of the road network
within the Seed Development.
It is recommended that the service
providers are engaged during the Smart
Infrastructure Master Plan currently
being tendered by the Government of
Andhra Pradesh.
Space have been reserved within the
Road Reserve to accommodate the
provision of conduits for the laying of
telecom cables.
The service providers should be
engaged during the construction phase
of the Seed Development to coordinate
the provision of these services so
that they would be in place upon the
completion of the development.
Provision of Land Use data to
the Service Providers
To assist the service providers in
estimating the requirements of the
Seed Development, it is recommended
that the GoAP share the land use data
with the service providers.
Table 6.10 CRDA’s Follow Up Actions for Telecoms Network
Telecoms Network
Fig.6.17 Proposed Telecom Network
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
1
Engage and Coordinate with Service Providers for the provision of Telecom Cables within the Seed Development
2
Provision of Land Use data to the Service Providers for their estimation
of services requirement by the Seed Development
6.8 PROJECTED TIMELINE
FOR THE COMPLETION
OF WORKS
63
Based on the infrastructure plans
discussed in the previous sections, a
preliminary timeline for the proposed
works have been estimated. The Seed
Development Phase 1 is estimated to be
completed by mid 2018. The proposed
infrastructure needs to be ready to
support the Phase 1 developments,
while taking into account the need for
expansion in the future phases.
Fig.6.18 shows the estimated timeline
for the infrastructure works for the
Seed Development. The timelines
shown are tentative, subject to
further consultations with the local
authorities, service providers, and
other stakeholders.
While this forms the basis of the
estimation of work and future studies,
it is highly recommended that these
timelines are reviewed in the Smart
Infrastructure Master Plan, and that
the stakeholders are engaged, so
that the timelines can be met, or
where required, reviewed to suit the
development plans.
It is important to note that the
development of all infrastructure,
utilities, landscaping and construction
within the Amaravati Administrative
Core are to be done by CRDA. The
development of these plans should
be done in conjunction with the
development of infrastructure for the
Seed Development.
Fig.6.18 Preliminary Timeline for the Infrastructure Development Works to Support Seed Development Phase 1
64
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THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | SEED DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN REPORT
7
INDUSTRIAL
STARTUP PLAN
In order to create local employment opportunities, and kick start immediate
economic growth, this chapter presents the proposed industrial startup
area for the Capital City.
The chapter is divided into the following sub-sections:
1. Site Analysis
2. Approach
3. Planning Parameters
4. Urban Design Proposal
5. Infrastructure Plans
Existing Workforce within the Capital City
7.1 INTRODUCTION
66
Further to the Broad Economic
Positioning Study, Capital City Master
Plan and Zoning Plan, a detailed
Master Plan has been proposed for
the Industrial Start-Up area (112 ha)
to illustrate the physical planning
intention at cluster level and to move
steps closer to implementing the
Capital City ‘Amaravati’. The preliminary
layout has to be revised and updated
according to the detailed market
study and other relevant economic,
topographical
&
environmental
surveys. Further detailed infrastructure
and transportation studies have to be
conducted at the detailed planning
stage of the study.
As the Industrial landscape of the Capital
City is dynamic, four land parcels (Total:
112 ha) have been identified based on
the following strategies,
• To create immediate job opportunities
• To support & complement the development of Amaravati capital city
& the SEED Development
• To integrate the Industrial start up
infrastructure with the Capital City/
SEED Development level Infrastructure facilities & Network
• To provide employment opportunities, especially for the existing local
work force
7.2 SITE ANALYSIS
PROXIMITY & ACCESSIBILITY
The proposed Industrial Start-Up
development of (112 ha) is located
in close proximity and to the west of
proposed Amaravati administrative
government core and the proposed
SEED Development. It is also near to the
existing Thullur settlement. It enjoys
excellent accessibility and connectivity
as it abuts an important expressway
directly linked to Vijayawada city, once
the 2nd bridge along the eastern edge
of the administrative government
core is constructed. Location wise, it is
strategically placed within the Capital
City Phase 1 area and accessible
to the surrounding Residential,
Commercial, Educational Institutions
and Recreational facilities. As industrial
development will be an important
catalyst in the Startup phase of the city,
a number of industrial parcels have
been identified within the Phase – 1 of
the Capital City. (Refer to Figure 7.1)
Industrial Start up Area
TOPOGRAPHY
The site is relatively flat i.e above
the 25m MSL which means that
development could easily commence
with minimal earthworks. The only
encumbrances within the site will be
the overhead High Tension Power
lines cutting across the site which is
earmarked for diversion within the near
short term. Minimal land preparation in
terms of earthworks would mean lower
construction cost and fast delivery.
CONNECTIVITY
The industries identified for this Start-up
zone are the Clean & Green Industries,
the activities of which are compatible
with the surrounding land uses. This
Start-Up area is well connected by the
proposed Expressway, Arterial, SemiArterial and Collector Roads. In the
long term, the proposed expressway
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Fig.7.1 Location of the proposed Industrial Start-UP
will act as a prominent road for goods
travelling from this industrial StartUp area to Vijayawada as well as
the existing National Highway 5 and
National Highway 9.
Internal industrial roads (31m wide)
have been proposed to establish a wellconnected road network that will link
the development with the external road
network seamlessly. As these industrial
plots have good frontage to major
roads and to the seed development,
only large established industries will be
located here where they are prepared
to construct and invest in a good factory
building with quality architectural
expression. This translates into a higher
land premium for those plots with
good road frontages for visibility and
prominence. In long term, it will be
served by City Level MRT lines as well.
PHYSICAL BARRIERS
The presence of existing overhead
power lines traveling across the site
will pose a technical constraint in the
short term. The constraint is that no
development is to be allowed under
these lines and a 15m buffer setback
is required. The timing of the diversion
of these High tension lines is crucial
so that the constraints could be
removed/diverted prior to the physical
development of the Start-Up phase.
7.3 OBJECTIVES
At a more micro level, the proposed
Industrial Start-Up development seeks
to achieve the following:
• To create a conducive and unique
work place within a park-like setting
• To provide a venue for the development of a range of industrial lands
and building
• To provide some Ready Built Factories (RBFs) to meet the needs of industrialists requiring factory buildings for quick start ups
• To provide fully prepared industrial plots of varied sizes to meet the
needs of potential industrialists. In
addition, the subdivision of these
land parcels will have in-built flexibility for amalgamation and subdivision
as and when is required to meet the
different needs from customers.
• To provide more road frontages for
the maximum number of lots possible to enhance visibility and value of
land.
• To provide the necessary conveniences to tenants and visitors by carefully planning public open spaces,
link-ways and community facilities
like the amenity centres, fire stations
etc.
PLANNING CONCEPT
The industrial layout was prepared
after due consideration of the various
industrial clusters, key components,
site constraints and opportunities, the
zoning intention and the necessary
Infrastructure
&
Transportation
network to accommodate the needs of
the future tenants.
The layout of this master plan
adheres to the operational efficiency
in terms of proper utilization of the
social & infrastructure facilities,
industrial clustering & parcellation,
transportation/infrastructure
practicality, the saleability ratio and the
environmental consideration.
7.4 OVERALL APPROACH
7.4.1 INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER
The strategy for the location of the
various clusters is important. The
location of these various cluster shall be
guided and influenced by the following
factors:
• The nature of their operations
• Their accessibility and infrastructure
requirements within the development taking into consideration the
operations peculiar to a cluster
• The possibility of the industrial clusters developing in tandem with the
development program for infrastructure
• Operational compatibility
• The integration of these clusters
with the future developments of the
adjacent areas
As specified in the capital city Zoning
Plan, only the Clean and Green
industries are allowed. Red industries
are prohibited. Industrial start-up
development shall accommodate key
industrial clusters such as Electronics/
Hardware, Food & Beverages, Printing
& Packaging and other clean general
light industries. These industrial
clusters will be supported by Logistics
and warehouse facilities.
The target industries and the value
chain of each cluster for the Industrial
Start-Up shall be studied further by
the relevant agencies/ companies
considering the global and regional
trends, the local strengths and
resources. Further, a review of existing
and proposed stakeholders shall
be undertaken through on-ground
interactions to gather feedback towards
formulating an effective development
strategy for the Industrial development
including this Start-Up area.
Well connected by:
Expressway
Arterial
Sub-Arterial
Collector Roads
Future MRT Lines
Please refer to the capital city Zoning
Plan guidelines for more details on
permissible and conditional activities.
The purpose of safeguarding the land
for other general light industries is to
create immediate job opportunities
and for various investment attractions
to kick start the growth of the new
capital city. The overall safeguarded
land use area is 112 ha.
Landuse
Fig.7.2 Site Compatibility & Connectivity
Area (Ha)
%
Electronics, F&B and other General
Light
Logistics
72.0
64%
6.0
5%
Amenity Centres & Fire Station
3.0
3%
Open Space
9.0
8%
Roads
17.0
15%
Utilities
5.0
4%
112.0
100%
Total
Table 7.1 Overall Land Use areas for the Industrial Start-Up area
Fig.7.3 Land Parcels safeguarded for the Industrial Start-Up
development
67
provided to promote cycling/ walking
to work. The two other important
factors that determine the layout of
development plan, particularly relating
to the spatial criteria for the major land
uses, are the clustering and lot size/
configuration allocation principles.
68
The projected worker populations as
derived from the master plan indicate
that an approximately 11,000 industrial
jobs will be created by Year-2020. The
proposed layout shown in Figure 7.4 &
Table 7.1 comprise of more than 70%
saleable land.
1. Clustering
The main principle that guided the
layout for the industrial start-up is the
clustering of the different industrial
clusters and Building types. By having
focus industries identified within the
proposed development, anchor tenants
will correspondingly attract other
supporting industries within the same
value chain. The grouping of these
industries to achieve the clustering
effect is based on:
Fig.7.4 Broad Land Use Plan
Fig.7.5 Flexible Subdivision
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
As illustrated in Figures 7.2 & 7.3,
the Industrial plots are seamlessly
connected with surrounding land uses
by compatible activities, efficient road
connectivity, the shared infrastructure
and pedestrian friendly links. This
pedestrian friendly network of
interactive spaces is envisioned to
provide possibilities for maximum
human interactions. In order to further
promote an eco-friendly environment,
footpaths and cycle paths are to be
• Locating similar industrial types together will allow the sharing of common facilities including logistics &
warehouses and to have linkages in
productions.
• Strong synergy between similar industries to support each other, if
the sizes of these sub-zones are adequately large to create an optimal
critical mass. Once this is achieved,
it is easier for the related institutions
to set up in close proximity to these
clusters.
2. Lot Sizes/Configuration
Even though the development has
an overall parcellation plan, there is a
need to be flexible to alter the size of
individual lots as and when needed.
This has to be done without many
amendments to the overall road or
infrastructure layout. The general
framework has to remain intact.
There is a need to be flexible as the
industrial start-up has to recognize that
plots for industrial development are
highly dependent on the operational
requirements of the target industries.
Generally, potential locators prefer
to select prominent locations and
rectangular sites to closely meet their
factory design and requirements. The
resultant parcel pattern may deviate
significantly from the original master
plan design and seriously damage
the functional and environmental
qualities embodied in the plan’s design.
Infrastructure and utility provisions may
also have to be completely redesigned
and re-planned.
It is difficult to establish at the onset
the optimal size plots for all purposes,
as the tenant’s requirements are often
not known at the planning stage.
However, this uncertainty can be
overcome by incorporating flexibility
into the parcellation plan so that two
or three smaller modular plots can
be amalgamated and the plots can be
subdivided. Figure 7.5 refers.
The parcellation plan has a fair amount
of in built flexibility to cope with the
specific requirements from the future
industrial tenants within the start-up
phase. The planned plot sizes range
from 0.5 ha to 2.0 ha. Generally, about
50% of the plots are within the popular
size range of between 0.5 ha to 1.0
ha. Thus, the parcellation plan is used
as a guide with in-built flexibility for
amalgamation of 2 or more parcels
together or subdivided into smaller
plots of 0.5 ha. It is recommended that
plots smaller than 0.4 ha or 1 acre should
be discouraged. The demand by SMEs
for these small plots can be satisfied by
providing ready built factories or high
rise flatted factories. Figures 7.6 & 7.7
refer Parcellation plans.
Besides offering land plots with full
infrastructure/utility services within
industrial plots for direct allocation
to potential industrialists, it is
recommended that there should be
some ready built factories available
for industrialists who require quick
start-ups. Some foreign industrialists
would prefer to purchase such ready
built factories, as it will save them
time and effort in constructing their
own factories. In the initial stages of
development, the developer should
construct a few ready built factories to
gain the confidence of potential clients.
Whilst some of the larger ready
built factories buildings will suit the
requirements of multi-nationals (MNCs)
and the larger local manufacturers,
there should also be other smaller
industrial premises to accommodate
a diverse range of industrial demand
by some smaller local home grown
companies that could be considered
within the supporting complexes
catering to the needs of the local, small
and medium size industries.
The typical lot size for standard factories
ranged from 0.4 ha to 0.8 ha. The floor
height ranges from 3.4m to 6.0m.
Figure 7.8 illustrates a typical layout of
standard factory.
The other consideration for parcellation
is also the need for the development to
cater for:
• Both big and small investors with
plot sizes ranging from as small as
0.5 ha to 2 ha.
• Some of the smaller plots (less than
0.8ha or 2 acres) are meant for the
prototype ready built factories
• Other key objectives in parcellation
design are the maximization of sellable land, the configuration of appropriate parcels shapes, frontage to
depth ratios and the relation of lot
sizes to location visibility.
Industrial lots generally require a
rectangular configuration for building
rectangular shaped facilities to house
modern assembly flow operation.
Irregular corners can be used for multi
storey factories or vehicular parking.
The prime industrial plots with good
frontage onto the major roads will
be reserved for those companies
that are prepared to invest more on
the land and factories. For the startup, the allocation of prime sites with
good frontage onto the primary and
secondary roads, command a higher
premium for the land. Additionally,
there should be a minimum investment
criteria stipulation and a set of urban
design controls to guide or control the
quality and finishes of those factories
situated along the prime sites so that
the high-tech image of the start-up
area can be projected and maintained.
69
7.4.2 GREEN NETWORK
Good quality working and living
environment can be created through
forward planning and strategic
distribution of green public open
spaces within the industrial start-up
area of Amaravati. The designation of
these public open spaces has to be at
the appropriate locations and at right
sizes with respect to the catchment
served to be meaningful and effective.
As illustrated by the green plan (see
Figures 7.9 & 7.10), at least 9 ha of the
proposed development has been set
aside for green public open spaces.
The more prominent green public open
spaces include the main green spine
straddling across the central portion of
the sites.
Fig.7.6 Parcellation Plan for the clusters north of the Proposed Expressway
Fig.7.7 Parcellation Plan for the clusters south of the Proposed Expressway
Fig.7.8 Typical Layout of Standard Factory
70
Fig.7.9 Green Buffers and Internal Green Spines
Fig.7.10 Green Buffers and Internal Interactive Green Spines
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
These Open spaces ensure that all
workers, residents and visitors to
the proposed development will have
full access to active and passive
recreational opportunities that these
public green open spaces offer. More
importantly, the formal or informal
linear public open spaces will likely
to increase property values. In
addition, the constructed cycle paths
within these linear green spaces will
encourage cycling to work. Some of the
linear greens situated at the rear of a
row of factories can double up as fire
breaks and fire engine access routes.
The setting aside of such a sizable
strips of contiguous land for open
space and linear parks offers immense
development potential for pedestrian
through-fare, cycle paths and also both
passive and active recreational spaces.
These public and private green areas
have been linked to form a network of
linear green spaces with the following
consideration,
• Major Green linkages between
nodes
• Enhance quality of the development
through the provision of a variety
of open spaces from the incidental
spaces between buildings to formal
spaces for informal recreation uses
and interaction
The Green strategies are:
• Provide a variety of open spaces that
are well distributed and integrated
within this network of green linkages.
• Develop formal public open spaces
and informal green pockets along
road frontages and/or between
building spaces.
• Use of these linear greens as cycle paths to encourage eco-friendly
movement solutions
This Start-Up industrial development
recognizes that the industrial zone is
not just a work place but the eating,
social and recreational needs of the
working community as well. Within the
industrial zone, the following facilities
will also be provided namely:
• To provide adequate formal/informal public open spaces and other
civic community/cultural facilities
• To provide adequate communal facilities for the workers based on the
relevant catchments radii
• To enhance accessibility and linkages
to all amenity centres/activity nodes
• To create an environment within the
activity node to foster a sense of
community bonding
7.4.3 COMMUNITY FACILITIES
In line with the community objectives,
Amenity centres are strategically
located to form the activity node within
the proposed industrial development
with prominent frontages onto the
roads. It will also act as the focal point
for the entire industrial community
in the immediate vicinity within a
distance of 300m walking radius so that
the workers can avail themselves of
the eating, banking and other facilities
during the lunch break.
Amenity centres are spread out
throughout the industrial areas to
ensure that they will serve every parcel
of the industrial lands. These are meant
to serve the smaller factories so as not
to duplicate functions whilst the larger
factories employing more than 500
workers may choose to have their staff
canteen within their own premises.
The total gross commercial floor area
is estimated at 1,500sqm of floor area.
All amenity centres are well positioned
geographically and integrated with the
green linear system to ensure easy and
maximum accessibility by potential
users in the development (Figures 7.11
& 7.12 refer).
The type of uses located within an
amenity centre will typically have a food
court, some shops (local stationary and
hardware hops), clinics, travel agencies,
a bank or Automated Teller Machine
(ATM), postal services, a bakery and
restaurants to serve the daily needs of
the workers in the vicinity. The concept
of amenity centres within industrial
zone is in accordance with modern
industrial park concepts whereby
developers provide for the basic needs
of the industrial workers. Another
advantage of having designated
amenity centres is that tenants will not
need to duplicate these facilities on
their premises. 7.5 PLANNING
PARAMETERS
PLOT RATIO (or FAR)
Plot ratio measures the intensity of the
development. The ratio is obtained by
dividing the total gross floor area over
the site area. The higher plot ratio
depicts higher development intensity.
For an industrial development, the plot
ratio relates very much to the type of
operation.
This proposed layout not only provides
a venue for the development of a wide
range of industrial lands and building
but also provides possible avenues for
ready built factories to meet the needs
of industrialists who wish to have a
quick start up without the need to
engage architects and contractors to
construct their factories.
71
Manufacturing operations and its
activities are usually confined to lowrise buildings. The ready-parcelled
lands of wide sizes can meet the
needs of potential industrialists. In
addition, the parcel land is done in a
manner that renders them flexibility for
amalgamation and subdivision as and
when is required to meet the different
operational requirements. Lastly, it
provides more road frontages for the
maximum number of lots possible and
to enhance visibility and value of land.
The plot ratio (or FAR) for this industrial
start-up area is proposed based on the
following considerations,
• Proper land utilization and appropriate land intensification as situated in
a prime location
• Compact development to increase
the overall development efficiency in
terms of implementation, operation,
vehicular and pedestrian circulation
• Shared utilities integrated with infrastructure network of the SEED development and the Capital City
Generally, just based on the direct corelation of the industrial building height
and the plot ratio, low storey factory
buildings of 1 to 3 storeys shall attain
a plot ratio of 0.5. Higher buildings of
above 3 storeys will see a higher plot
Fig.7.13 Plot Ratio Plan
Fig.7.11 Strategic location for Amenity Centre
Fig.7.12 Basic facilities in Interactive Amenity Centres
ratio of 0.7 to 2.5. Figure 7.13 illustrates
the land plots allotted for the different
industrial building types and Plot Ratio.
72
It is best to have a macro control of plot
ratio over the whole industrial startup area instead of individual plot ratio
control for individual sites and parcels.
This method provides the flexibility
of transfer of plot ratio from those in
the lower band to higher band within
the development in order to create an
environment with interesting building
profile. At the same time, in order to
prevent hoarding and land speculation,
a minimum plot ratio may need to be
imposed to ensure that a decent factory
building is being constructed within
each plot. A time frame for completion
of the factory buildings will ensure
that only genuine industrialist that can
put up a quality development within a
stipulated time period are being given
sites within the Phase 1 area. .
STOREY HEIGHT CONTROL
The storey height corresponded
directly to the proposed plot ratio. This
relationship is shown in Figure 7.14.
Fig.7.14 Building Height Plan
SITE COVERAGE
The proposed site coverage for SingleTenanted plots is up to 60% and site
coverage for Multi-Tenanted plots and
Ready-Built Factories is up to 55%. This
control coverage of 55% allows for
more car parks, open spaces, truck/
container traffic circulation within each
plot as well as parking spaces.
Fig.7.15 Relationship between Building Height and Plot Ratio
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
7.5.1 TRANSPORT PLANNING
The development plan envisions
creating and adopting specific
roadway design for the industrial Startup. The road designs are intended
to include pedestrian amenities,
aesthetic features and practical
utilities sequencing that are critical to
a successful development. The 31m
wide dual two-way internal roadway
designs addresses and accommodates
the following fundamentals:
• Safely and effectively accommodate
industrial vehicles such as trucks,
cars and employees charter buses;
• Provide pedestrian sidewalks and
multi‐use paths along all roadways;
• Plan for bicycle lanes on the service
corridor verges; and
• Establish a streetscape design that
identifies the area as a unique part
of the overall start-up area including
uniform landscaping and streetscape
elements
The 31m wide internal roads will have
extra green buffer along roadsides (see
Figure 7.16) that can provide shade as
well as further soften the development
image. This will not only offer a
unique image to the development but
also offers a heightened functional
environment for pedestrian movement
and aesthetics. All factory buildings
fronting roads are required to have a
landscape plan and mandatory planting
along its front factory compound
boundary to showcase the industrial
developments fronting these roads.
The following illustrative rights-ofway (ROW) describe conceptually the
proposals for the roadway designs.
EGRESS AND INGRESS CONTROL
The objective of egress and ingress
control is to regulate traffic flow
entering and exiting the land plots and
avoid the impact on the traffic flow
within the 31m wide Dual two-way
internal road. The principles of control
are as follows:
• Egress and ingress of plots as shown
in Figure 7.17 should be grouped to
minimize the number of traffic conflicts
• Egress and ingress group should be
located at the minor road (lower
traffic volume road)
• Egress and ingress group should be
located away from road junctions (at
least 50 to 100 meters away from the
edge of the road)
• Egress and ingress group should not
be located on the curve to ensure
safety
BUS NETWORK AND SERVICES
Commuting by public transport is
encouraged within the Capital city.
These public transport trips could be
served by a variety of public transport
alternatives. These include:
• Intercity bus: existing long distance /
intercity bus can be rerouted to the
Industrial Start-Up with a location of
a bus stop near the entrances
• City bus existing bus lines can be extended to the Industrial Start-Up
• Company bus: company in the Industrial Start-Up also can arrange the
company bus service from city to site
in peak period
• Internal service mini bus: the Industrial Start-Up management also can
operate a scheduled internal mini
bus service within the site.
The bus stops for internal bus service
can be located at an average distance
of approximately 300 meter interval.
These bus stops are preferred to be
integrated with the Industrial StartUp’s internal community service area
and preferably close to the pedestrian
corridors.
73
BICYCLE
Besides the bus services, in order to
provide more flexibility and more
eco-friendly options, cycling to work
is encouraged within the capital city.
The advantage of cycling is that they
are able to make use of pedestrian
routes and green corridors besides the
roads as alternative routes and it is
inexpensive and eco-friendly.
LOCATION OF CAR PARKS
Generally car parks should be
constructed by individual developers.
The Industrial Start-Up must provide
its own vehicle parking to prevent on
street parking. Some public vehicle
parks will need to be constructed
catering to company buses and heavy
vehicles. These public parks can be
located close to the internal Amenity
centres which are located within the
walking distance of 200 to 300 meters
from the car park to the work place.
Another strategy is the Park & Ride
strategy, which involves parking
outside of Industrial Start-Up site and
completing the last mile journey using
internal bus services. This strategy can
reduce the car traffic flow within the
site but it is necessary to construct
public car parks outside the entrances
of the Industrial Start-Up.
Fig.7.17 Egress and Ingress Plan
Fig.7.16 Cross Section Illustrates Road Buffer
7.6 URBAN DESIGN
PROPOSAL
74
The purpose of having an urban
design concept and guidelines is to
go beyond having a purely efficient
and functional land use plan which is
2-dimensional. Urban design serves to
make connections between places and
people, the natural and the man-made
environments. Embodied in it is also the
idea of place-making, imbuing identity,
meaning and a sense of aesthetics into
a given area. This will be accomplished
through a comprehensive plan to
optimize pedestrian linkages, beautify
the streetscape, provide public
spaces and amenities like streetfurniture, pedestrian scale lighting,
roadside planting and landscaping
and transportation needs. The goal is
to create a successful Industrial StartUp that is active, resource-conscious
and one with an investor-friendly
environment. Please refer Figure 7.18
.
7.6.1 Objectives and
approach
URBAN DESIGN OBJECTIVES
The objectives of the urban design are
to direct future growth in a manner
which builds upon the site’s potential
for dynamic and transformative
growth as an urban industrial zone.
The proposed built environment of
the Industrial Start-Up shall have the
following general characteristics:
• Each building shall articulate characteristics from its group land use. For
example the resource-based industrial buildings will adopt rectangular
footprints for optimal efficiency with
clean industrial-looking architecture
and heights between two to three
storeys.
• The building setbacks from the road
and sides are consistent to ensure a
uniform building setback throughout
the street block and to achieve an orderly streetscape;
• The orientation of these buildings is
also consistent. The front office shall
face the main road to enhance the
sense of arrival and welcome. It will
also provide a greater sense of connection between the building and
the access roads;
• While adopting guidelines to achieve
a sense of orderliness within the environment is beneficial, this could
also potentially result in monotony.
Hence, there should also be spaces
for flexibility and to allow for injections of creativity and surprises within the environment For example, the
interactive amenity centers as the
focal points should be encouraged to
have interesting building designs and
exciting landscape layouts.
These broad urban design concepts
are intended to guide future planning
and development of the Industrial
Start-Up area. The appropriate urban
design approach is an essential part of
the planning process to enhance the
qualities of the Start-Up environment.
The Urban design concept serves to
indicate character of the layout, the
built form of the macro level and the
experience of the development as a
whole.
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Fig.7.18 Envisaged Urban Design Intention
URBAN DESIGN APPROACH
• The Multi-tenanted blocks are strategically located closer to major roads
to improve site image and to provide
a sense of arrival.
• Zoning of factory buildings and
logistics blocks not only promote
the industrial synergy between the
proposed clusters but also clearly demarcates car circulation from
heavy-vehicle circulation for efficient
and safe traffic network.
• The common interactive spaces
(Green/Open spaces) are formed by
grouping the buildings to work together as clusters instead of just indi-
vidual buildings. Its overall ambience
must result from buildings and open
spaces that relates to one another
into a functional entity.
• Streetscape of the Industrial StartUp contributes to pedestrian comfort, convenience, safety and support positive social interaction
7.6.2 SUSTAINABLE
STRATEGIES
Our key objective will be to create
harmony and a symbiotic co-existence
between the natural systems which
would in turn evolve the project to be;
• A holistically sustainable development
• A Liveable Environment
• A development which extends the
period people stay outdoors
The approach shall take into
consideration the scale of the
development
and
eco-sensitive
strategies needed to achieve the
above set object. They would be
applied at three different levels namely
planning level (land use optimization),
infrastructural level and building level.
SUSTAINABLE LAND USE
• Land planning is based on consideration to the local climatic conditions
to ensure that the location and direction of roads, orientation of buildings (geometry, heights, etc.), are all
contextualized.
• Outdoor space planning follows cluster planning to create internal/protected courtyard to enhance shading
in summer.
• Optimization of zoning targets to
reduce transportation and walking
distances for transferring from one
function facility area to another;
• Optimization of internal pedestrian
streets direction to enhance natural
ventilation during summer.
GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE
• Green Transportation: Transit Oriented Development to maximize
access & use of public transport;
‘people–centred’
transportation
planning with low energy, low pollution & low land intake; efficient planning to minimize walking distance;
use of clean energy for vehicles;
• Waste Management: integrated &
centralized waste management system that collect & treat the various
waste whilst promoting 3Rs and resource efficiency; employ ‘living machines’ and/or constructed wetlands
for filtering & decontamination of
black-water and/or grey water;
• Water System Design & Management: water resource conservation
and recycling; waste water treatment ecological restoration and Alternative Water Source.
• Energy System Design & Management: solar energy system – renewable energy for urban lighting; wind
energy system; underground heat
source etc.
GREEN BUILDINGS
• Optimized Plot Ratio (or FAR) to
create a balance between built and
open space
• Optimization of orientation of buildings to maximize solar exposure during winter and shading against summer sun;
• FAÇADE – appropriate Window to
Wall Ratio and shading device to let
in and cut sun when required.
• Innovative System Design/Energy
Efficient Systems – Lighting, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning
75
Fig.7.19 Clusters with Logistics Facilities located north of the proposed expressway
• Environmentally sustainable material palette
These planning strategies when
deployed for this development at every
stage of its progress will automatically
elevate the project to achieve the above
set sustainable objective, enhancing
not only the sustainability aspect of the
environment but as well the quality of
life for the users.
7.6.3 URBAN FORM
A “clustering” approach is adopted for
Industrial zone so that the hierarchy
of spaces adds value to the whole
development. The smaller plots are
strategically placed along main roads
to make the developments more
prominent. The Industrial Start-Up
can be broadly categorized by building
forms as follows (see Figure 7.20):
• Detached Factory
• Terrace Factory
• Logistics Warehouses
The maximum number of storeys is
imposed on industrial zone to ensure
the overall consistency in the builtenvironment.
• 3 storeys for Factory Buildings
• Up to 7 storeys for Multi-Story Blocks
7.6.4 Parks and Open Spaces
PUBLIC PARKS
76
It is important to utilize the public
open spaces optimally and form a
balance between creating a conducive
environment while addressing the
recreational needs of the workers by
allocating strategic locations for public
open space within the development of
the Industrial Start-Up. Pocket parks
and plazas should be easily accessible
by the workers by having wide
footpaths along the roads, connecting
the workplace to these areas.
POCKET PARKS
Pocket parks are encouraged especially
within amenity centres to provide
tenants with valued respite from their
workplace. Pocket parks are well linked
by Green spine and easily accessible
from the public sidewalk and roads,
so as to become a communal meeting
place and focal point.
The small sizes of pocket parks
generally limit their use to casual and
passive recreation activities. The layout
includes seating areas and central
design features like small scale water
fountains or raised stage areas.
7.6.5 Streetscape
and Identity
STREETSCAPE
Fig.7.20 Various sizes of Buildings and lands
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
The design of streetscape that form the
public realm within the Start-Up area
establishes its identity through the
consistent use of distinctive roadside
trees, landscaping, street lighting,
paving, and street furniture.
Street furniture is part of the streetscape
amenities that contribute to pedestrian
comfort, convenience, and safety, and
support positive social interaction.
Street furniture like benches, trash
bins, and signages are carefully placed
to allow for unobstructed paths for
pedestrians. Whereas the function
of features such as street lighting
and roadside trees requires an even
distribution along the length of a road,
street furniture generally located in
high activity areas where people are
expected to congregate, such as public
plazas, major intersections, and key
building entrances.
SIGNAGES & HOARDINGS
All exterior signages and hoardings
must conform to a `theme’ set by
the Management Company of the
developments in order that all design
elements relating to architecture,
landscape, illumination and signage
are coordinated to reinforce a sense of
harmony , and uphold the image of the
proposed Start-Up.
Such signages can be in the form of
advertising sign, banner sign, canopy
sign, direction sign, electric sign, free
standing sign, ground sign, identification
sign, illuminated sign, informational
sign, roof sign, sky sign, veranda sign,
wall sign, marquee sign, hoarding;
either temporary or permanent.
GATES & BOUNDARY WALLS
Fig.7.22 The Industrial Start-Up Development of Amaravati City
Fig.7.21 Sample Design of Perimeter Wall
Walls between individual plots are used
for security purposes and to screen
automobiles, loading and storage
areas, and utility structures. However,
alternative electronic surveillance
systems should be installed in lieu
of walls if they are not required for a
specific screening or security purpose.
The intent is to make the walls a visual
deterrent rather than the only security
measure for the plots. Premises
requiring top security will have to install
their own security systems.
Perimeter walls can either be hardscape
or softscape or a combination of
formal or informal, conventional or
modernistic, solid, transparent or halfsolid & half transparent in appearance.
For the front part facing a public road,
high solid-wall fencing is discouraged. It
shall be of a lower solid wall segment
and aesthetically pleasing in order to
maximise frontage and showcase the
character of the Industrial Start-Up.
Please refer to Figure 7.21.
SPECIAL AMENITIES FOR THE
PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED
There is a need to cater for the
ambulant disabled, wheelchair-bound,
hearing impaired or deafness and visual
impaired or blind. These considerations
are:
• Open Walkway
• Kerb
• Parking Provision
• Lifts
77
7.7 INFRASTRUCTURE
PLANS
78
7.7.1 INTRODUCTION
Infrastructure forms the fundamental
facilities and systems serving the
entire capital city Amaravati including
the services and facilities necessary
for its economy to function and grow.
City and areas with comprehensive
infrastructure help to draw businesses,
increase productivity and make our lives
Fig.7.23 Various sizes of Buildings and lands
Fig.7.24 Existing Flood Plan
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Fig.7.25 Proposed drainage network
more enjoyable. Relevant and function
able infrastructure can bring benefits
that extend for many generations.
The full suite of infrastructure and
utilities services shall be provided in
tandem with the phasing development
of Amaravati City and these include
storm water drainage, water supply,
sewerage, solid waste disposal, power
supply, and telecommunications.
PLANNING ASSUMPTIONS
The following assumptions have been
adopted for the Broad Infrastructure
Planning:
• The proposed infrastructure provisions are catered for the proposed
industrial start-up area (112 ha) only.
However, these proposed infrastructure provisions can make use of the
existing infrastructure systems, if upgrading or capacity expansion permits.
• Findings and Deliverables from
Market Study and Physical Planning
teams for the proposed industrial
start-up, such as Land Use Distribution, Population Projection and Industry Analysis will form the main
basis for the infrastructure planning.
• The major industries identified are
Clean General Light Industries and
Logistics.
7.7.2 Infrastructure and
Utilities Services.
SITE GRADING
Generally, the existing levels for the
proposed industrial area are gentle
and flat which range between 26~27m
based on the DEM image generated,
refer to Figure 7.23. The proposed
industrial area is also out of the existing
flood plain as shown in Figure 5.24;
hence it is free from flooding based
on the flood event recorded to date.
As the existing level is higher than the
proposed minimum platform level for
the SEED Development which is about
25m, hence no earthwork is needed for
these areas. However, the minimum
platform level subject to the finding
and result of detailed topographical
survey and Dredging & Hydraulic Study
of Krishna River.
STORMWATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM
The strategy for storm water drainage
system is to develop a drainage control
plan to manage surface runoff disposal
soonest possible to avoid flooding
while still achieve a fully gravitational
storm water drainage system.
Roadside drain will be provided on both
side of the road to channel the surface
runoff from the tenant plot to the
nearest main roadside drain outside the
industrial area. The proposed drainage
network is shown in Figure 7.25.
WATER SUPPLY
The water supply assessment provides
the estimated projection of the water
demand for the proposed industrial
start-up area within the capital city
development. Total water demand
depends on the unit water demand
rate for industries. This will vary
in accordance to the spectrum of
industries and industrial process. Based
on the industries envisaged, the unit
water demand rate varies from 15 to
60 m3/ha/d.
Sl
No
1
Land Use
General Light
Industries
2
Logistics
3
Open Space
4
Amenity Centres
& Fire Station
Total
112.0
Area
(ha)
Water
Demand
(m3/d)
76.3
3,052
2,686
5.4
8.5
3.0
81
43
180
71
Sewage
Generation
(m3/d)
100%
Table 7.2 Broad Utilities Demand (Industrial Zones)
Based on the proposed unit water
demand and the proposed industrial
land use distribution and projected
population, as well as other
assumptions described earlier, the total
water demand has been worked out as
shown in Table 7.2.
The ultimate total water demand for
the startup industrial area has been
projected to be approximately 3,700
m3/d. The potable water is tapped
from the nearest water trunk main as
shown indicatively in Figure 7.26.
SEWERAGE
The objectives of the sewerage system
are to cater for the anticipated peak
discharge requirements and to pretreat the waste water to the required
discharge standards. Various demand
estimation and requirement of facilities
are then worked out based on the
Fig.7.26 Proposed water distribution network and tapping point
-
Solid Waste
Generated
(T/d)
Power
Demand
(MVA)
Telecom
Demand
(Lines)
14
40
3,205
1
2
486
158
1
1
90
79
land use distribution and population
projection.
80
The sewage generation computation
is based on 80% of the average water
demand plus 10% infiltration rate.
Based on the land use distribution and
population projection of the various
planning areas, the sewage generation
has been worked out as shown in Table
7.2. The ultimate sewage generation
for the industrial startup area has
been estimated to be about 3,000
m3/d. Individual industries shall be
required to pre-treat their wastewater
to acceptable standards, prior to
discharging into the proposed trunk
sewer. The discharge point for sewage
(which is the nearest sewer trunk main)
is shown indicatively in Figure 7.27.
SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
This section shall address the generation
of solid waste for the industrial Start-Up
development. Based on the land use
distribution and the type of industries,
Fig.7.27 Proposed sewerage network and discharge point to trunk sewer
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
the solid waste generation has been
worked out as shown in Table 7.2. Solid
waste generation rate varies from 150
to 210 kg/ha/d for different types of
industries proposed. The ultimate solid
waste generation for the industrial
startup area has been estimated to be
about 15 T/d.
Industrial Solid Waste will be collected,
segregated and stored in transfer
station as shown in Figure 7.28, prior to
transporting to landfill disposal / WTE
(Waste To Energy) plant. These stations
shall provide facilities to sort and store
recyclable wastes. These not only
reduce the non-bio-degradable wastes
disposed of in the site, but at the same,
minimize the amount of solid wastes to
be disposed. Therefore, in addition to
providing more convenient service to
system customers, these stations also
help to reduce the amount of vehicular
traffic at the landfill site/WTE plant.
Fig.7.28 Solid waste to transfer station
POWER SUPPLY
Power is one of the critical
infrastructures for the prosperity and
growth of the proposed capital city.
The electricity demand figure is based
on the assumption that the industrial
startup area will be fully developed at
that time and the market conditions
are as per the proposed land use and
industrial processes are similar to the
focused industries.
In the early years of the development,
the electricity demand will be low and
the growth will vary according to the
actual market condition. Unit power
demand rate varies in the range of
60 to 500 kVA/ha/FSI. The electrical
power demand estimated is shown in
Table 7.2. The ultimate power demand
projection for the industrial startup
area has been worked out to be about
43 MVA. The location of proposed 33kv
sub-stations is shown indicatively in
Figure 7.29.
TELECOMMUNICATION
The development of the industrial
startup area will require new
telecommunications infrastructure to
serve the needs of the area. Based on
the proposed land use and projected
population, the telecom demand has
been worked out and shown in Table
7.2. The ultimate telecom demand for
the industrial startup area has been
projected to be about 3,800 lines.
To ensure a robust network, a ring
configuration is recommended for
the main trunk route of the proposed
industries. Depending on the extent of
resilience required, the last leg to the
customer’s premises can be a ring or a
star configuration.
81
7.8 CONCLUSION
The proposed Master Plan for the
Industrial Start-Up explores the
site’s potential for dynamic and
transformative growth. It will be an
important Industrial catalyst while the
new Capital City ‘Amaravati’ is being
developed and the other industrial
areas in the Capital Region are being
established.
This
well-articulated
Industrial fabric with variety of
experience thus facilitates this proposed
development to be a fully-integrated,
comprehensively-designed Industrial
Landscape with “work, play, share and
learn” possibilities. This Master Plan
brings the Capital City Master Plan
steps closer to development realization
while enhancing the imageability and
pleasing experience of its dynamic
Industrial landscape of Amaravati City.
Fig.7.29 Proposed power network and 33kv sub-station location-
82
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THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
8
IMPLEMENTATION
STRATEGIES
This chapter presents strategic phasing and follow up actions to ensure
successful implementation of the SEED Master Plan presented in the
previous chapters. To enable successful implementation of the SEED
Master Plan, a development phasing has been proposed for guiding the
implementation and government budget requirements for the immediate
and future projects. The chapter is divided into the following sub-sections:
1. Phasing
2. Follow-up actions
Krishna river view from the existing bund road
8.1 DEVELOPMENT
PHASING
84
Phase 1
18%
Total SEED Area
Rationale
Quantum
The government administrative centre
needs to move to the new capital city
at the outset. Therefore, the logical
sequencing of phasing starts from the
western end of SEED development.
The developments that will come up
around the government administrative
core will be able to take advantage of
the synergies and economies of scale
that will be brought due to shifting of
over a couple of thousands government
employees and their families.
Covering a total land area of 307 Ha,
the phase 1 of the SEED development
will focus on laying the foundation
for the capital city by creating
45,000 government and 50,000 non
government jobs, and accommodating
over 26,000 residential population
within the phase 1 area. This phase will
primarily include key developments
such as the administrative civic core,
regional hospital and business park.
Transport Infrastructure
In order for this phase to kick-off,
access becomes key. Therefore, the
downtown road that cuts across the
centre of the SEED development from
east to west will need to be developed
to start off. This road will also carry
all the trunk level infrastructure that
is detailed in Chapter 6. The existing
village settlement of Lingaya Palem
falls within the boundaries of Phase 1
of SEED development and is retained
and integrated in the master plan.
26,000
Resident Population
Key Development Projects
Housing the secretariat, legislative
assembly and high court, the
administrative civic core will be
a pioneer project for the Capital
city. These administrative offices
will be supported with residential
developments, mixed use clusters, and
semi public and private offices which
have also been housed within the civic
core.
Fig.8.1 Phase 1 Illustrative Plan
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
2.49 mil. m2
Gross Floor Area
95,000
Total Jobs
Phase 2
18%
Total SEED Area
94,000
Resident Population
4.03 mil. m2
160,000
Rationale
Quantum
After having established the State
Capital headquarters in Phase 1, there
will be natural growth moving eastward
along the already built downtown
road. Functionally, this will house more
commercial areas as the area includes
part of the downtown, which is the
high-rise high-density node within the
SEED development.
Covering about 306 Ha, the phase
2 occupies 18% of the total SEED
areas. This phase will create about
10,000 government and 150,000 non
government jobs; and accommodate
94,000 residential population. The
FAR of the developments in Phase 2
will be much higher as highlighted in
Appendix 2, as catalyst projects from
the preceding phase will fuel additional
demand that will need to be catered to.
Gross Floor Area
Transport Infrastructure
Along with the downtown road, the
enveloped of roads highlighted in Figure
8.2 will need to constructed to provide
access as well as corridors to extend
the other infrastructure lines to the
individual parcels. The existing village
settlement of Uddandrayani Palem
housing about 1,500 people currently
will be retained and integrated in the
Phase 2 development. Towards the end
of this phase the BRT system can start
operations as the necessary critical
mass will be in place.
Fig.8.2 Phase 2 Illustrative Plan
Total Jobs
Key Development Projects
Key projects in this phase include
the Transit Oriented high density
commercial node, 50% of the central
downtown commercial area, a business
park cluster and number of mixed use
developments. This phase will create
4.03 million square meters of Gross
Floor Area. The botanic Gardens on the
bank of River Krishna will be developed
in this phase.
85
86
Phase 3
18%
Total SEED Area
Rationale
Quantum
Following up from Phase 2, the
developments will be similar to Phase
1. The eastern part of the downtown
core will be developed during this
phase.
Covering about 303 Ha, phase 3
occupies 18% of the total SEED
area. This phase will create about
7,000 government and 145,000 non
government jobs accommodating
about 99,000 residential population.
Transport Infrastructure
The arc road loop will be developed and
completed in this phase, along with the
collector roads that give access to the
parcels in this phase as highlighted
in Figure 8.3.
The BRT network
established in Phase 2 can expand to
serve a larger catchment. The existing
village settlement of Tallaya Palem that
currently houses about 1,100 people
will be retained and integrated in this
phase.
99,000
Resident Population
Key Development Projects
This phase will primarily focus on the
downtown commercial and the eastern
business park development. Phase 3
will create 4.04 million square meters
of Gross Floor Area.
Fig.8.3 Phase 3 Illustrative Plan
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
4.04 mil. m2
Gross Floor Area
152,000
Total Jobs
Phase 4
11%
Total SEED Area
29,000
Resident Population
3.29 mil. m2
177,000
Rationale
Quantum
The highest commercial value parcels
are reserved to be developed in this
phase. The Gateway Commercial
node, that will become the landmark
development that welcomes the people
while arriving from the Iconic bridge
across the river will be developed
in this phase. The development of
this phase will conclusion of the high
density developments within SEED.
Phase 4 occupies 184 Ha of land
which accounts for 11% of the total
SEED area. This phase will create
about 177,000 non government jobs
and accommodate 99,000 residential
population.
Gross Floor Area
Transport Infrastructure
The final stretch of the downtown road
on the eastern end will be tapped upon
in this phase. The cumulative road
network of Phases 1,2,3, and 4 will
carry the most intensity of traffic within
SEED and hence is designed to be more
denser than the rest of the city. The
MRT is proposed to start operation
in this phase, which will reduce the
dependency on the roads and shift it to
the public transport.
Fig.8.4 Phase 4 Illustrative Plan
Total Jobs
Key Development Projects
Key development in this phase include
the gateway commercial node, multi
disciplinary university and mixed use
residential clusters. Phase 4 will create
3.3 million square meters of Gross
Floor Area. The city wetland park that
will complement the botanic gardens
will be developed in this phase.
87
88
Phase 5
35%
50,000
Total SEED Area
Resident Population
Rationale
Quantum
The final phase of SEED is strategically
planned towards the public waterfront
uses. Although it takes up the highest
share of land compared to other phases,
the idea is to have lesser intensity
developments more catered to serve
the catchment of the SEED, the city
and the region as a whole. It includes
the development of the approx. 170 Ha
island development as shown in Figure
8.5.
Phase 5 covers 594 Ha of land occupying
about 35% of the total SEED area. This
phase will create about 113,000 non
government jobs and accommodate
50,000 residential population.
Transport Infrastructure
All the major roads will be developed in
the earlier phases. The roads planned
in this phase are planned to be more
intimate in scale with a lot of activities
spilling on to it, in order to achieve the
vibrancy. Two small bridges across the
water channel will also provide access
to the island developments.
Key Development Projects
This phase will focus on the iconic
river Krishna waterfront and the island
cluster. The mainland waterfront cluster
houses the city library, international
convention
centre,
performance
venue, indoor sports hub and iconic
commercial landmark blocks. The
island will house 9.13 ha of downtown
commercial clusters, a 18 hole golf
course and luxury waterfront villas.
Phase 5 will create 3.3 million square
meters of Gross Floor Area.
Table 8.1 presents the
distribution for the 5 phases.
landuse
Fig.8.5 Phase 5 Illustrative Plan
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
3.35 mil. m2
Gross Floor Area
113,000
Total Jobs
Market Demand
Although the phasing has been
strategized
to
optimize
the
infrastructure costs, the market forces
and demand might drive the growth
differently. The phasing strategy should
be reviewed every 5 years in order to
align it with the market forces.
In case additional demand arises
compared to the proposed phasing, the
plan still allows for flexibility to release
land parcels along the downtown road
in the eastward direction because the
provision for trunk infrastructure will be
made at the outset along this corridor.
Land Use
PHASE-1 (Ha)
PHASE-2 (Ha)
PHASE-3 (Ha)
PHASE-4 Ha)
PHASE-5 (Ha)
Total (Ha)
BUSINESS PARK
-
12.64
13.53
12.75
-
38.92
COMMERCIAL (Office, IT,
Retail, Hospitality)
GOVT ADMINISTRATION
-
3.71
8.72
25.93
9.13
47.49
59.88
-
-
-
-
59.88
EXISTING HABITATION
10.88
12.77
5.75
-
-
29.40
INFRASTRUCTURE
3.79
2.57
3.25
-
-
10.92
INSTITUTION
5.82
2.43
3.11
5.34
-
16.69
MIXED USE
22.71
102.67
79.52
4.79
45.68
255.37
-
1.81
2.11
-
-
3.92
PARKS AND GREENS
67.14
91.41
16.06
59.05
97.76
331.42
LOW DENSITY RESIDENTIAL
12.75
21.56
13.25
5.57
31.35
84.47
HIGH DENSITY RESIDENTIAL
-
6.39
26.59
11.62
-
44.59
MEDIUM DENSITY RESIDENTIAL
8.71
6.54
12.85
14.47
-
62.49
ROADS
23.79
56.98
53.26
31.28
31.53
277.27
SCHOOLS
2.07
3.99
4.38
3.46
-
13.91
NEIGHBOURHOOD CENTRE
SPECIAL (Convention Center,
Cultural Center, Performing
Arts, Resorts/Theme Parks, etc)
Special Development Zone (SDZ)
-
-
-
-
118.83
118.83
36.29
52.24
47.89
48.27
40.02
224.72
VILLAGE BUFFER
1.40
1.24
1.08
-
-
3.72
WATER
9.56
2.64
3.22
2.57
52.06
70.04
365.16
381.58
294.54
225.10
426.36
1,694.06
Grand Total
Table 8.1 SEED: Phase wise Landuse Distribution Table
89
8.2 INFRASTRUCTURE FOLLOW UP ACTIONS
90
Implementation strategies for the various infrastructure
development were proposed in the Capital City Master Plan. Several
of these strategies were identified as critical catalyst projects, or
action plans, which would support the Seed Development. These
actions plans were discussed as part of the consultations with
the various stakeholders, including CRDA, the Job Creation and
Investment Partners, and the local agencies.
Action Plan 1: Road Infrastructure
Action Plan 2: Utility Corridors
Fig.8.6 Action Plan 1: Construct Proposed Downtown Roads
Fig.8.7 Action Plan 2: Develop the Downtown Road
Action Plan 3: Flood Management Infrastructure
Action Plan 4: Water Supply Infrastructure
Fig.8.8 Action Plan 3: Construct Flood Protection Measures
Fig.8.9 Action Plan 4: Develop Proposed Water Supply Network
Construction of the road infrastructure including Downtown Road
and Semi-Expressways, construction access and services, including
the streetscape, public transport, landscaping, demarcation of road
reserve, etc.
Construction of the utilities corridor to and along the Downtown
Road, including connection to external supply points i.e. WTP, STP,
electrical substation, and service branches where required
The list that follows is only a set of initial steps necessary in order to
kick-start the development and is not a comprehensive list of all the
implementation plans for infrastructure to be addressed by CRDA
and the Government of Andhra Pradesh. These action plans are an
addition to the extensive policy framework and institutional set up
being taken up in parallel by CRDA.
There are nine actions plans developed for the Seed Development.
Feasibility and detailed studies in support of these plans are
required.
The following list shows the proposed CRDA action plans:•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Action Plan 1: Construction of the Downtown Road
Action Plan 2: Construction of the Utility Corridors
Action Plan 3: Flood Management Infrastructure
Action Plan 4: Water Supply Infrastructure
Action Plan 5: Waste Water Infrastructure
Action Plan 6: Diversion of Overhead Power Lines
Action Plan 7: Power Supply Infrastructure
Action Plan 8: Solid Waste Management
Action Plan 9: Telecoms Network
Construction of the Flood Protection Measures within the Seed
Development including bund realignment, main drain along the
Downtown Road, raising of platform levels, and dredging works
Construction of the Water Treatment Plant, water transmission
mains and the Water Distribution Centres within the Seed
Development
These action plans form the basis of infrastructure development
within the Seed Development area, and will therefore need to be
investigated in detail in the following studies, including the Smart
Infrastructure Master Plan study which is currently being tendered
by CRDA.
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Action Plan 5: Waste Water Infrastructure
Construction of the temporary Sewage Treatment Plant, lifting
stations and gravity trunk sewer along the Downtown Road
Action Plan 6: Overhead Power Line Diversion
Diversion of the existing Overhead Power Lines within the Seed
Development, including the construction of Electrical Sub-stations
where required to ensure connectivity of existing lines
Fig.8.10 Action Plan 5: Develop Proposed Waste Water Network
Fig.8.11 Action Plan 6: Divert Overhead Power Lines
Action Plan 8: Solid Waste management
Action Plan 9: Telecoms Network
Provision of a Solid Waste Management System within the Seed
Development to treat Solid Waste in an external Integrated Solid
Waste Management Facility in Guntur
Provision of Telecoms Network within the Seed Development.
Action Plan 7: Power Supply Infrastructure
Construction of new Electrical Sub-stations within the Seed
Development and the underground power supply network required
to connect the sub-stations to the external Power Network
Fig.8.12 Action Plan 7: Develop Proposed Power Supply Network
91
92
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THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
APPENDICES
APPENDIX 1: BENCHMARKING
94
White House
White House
Government
Precinct
The Mall
Capitol
Cross Axis
Govt. & Public buildings
Area: 176.9sqkm
Population: 658, 892 (2014)
Capitol size: 5sqkm
Urban Design of Washington DC
River Axis
Market
Centre
Govt. Precinct
Fe
d
Govt. Offices &
Public Buildings
er
ati
o
nM
all
La
n
City Centre
dA
xis
Core Structure of Washington DC
Capital Complex
Area: 814.2sqkm
Population: 381, 488 (2013)
Capitol: 0.8sqkm
Core Structure of Canberra
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Urban Design of Canberra
Capital Court
Washington DC
Canberra, Australia
Washington, DC houses one of the most
important and influential government
administrative functions in the world.
It is also a dynamic cultural centre
which welcomes millions of tourists
who visited the national monuments,
museums and memorial parks. The
city layout is characterized by broad
streets arranged mainly in a gridiron
pattern with avenues cutting diagonally
across the city layout. At the road
intersections, a large roundabout is
created to facilitate traffic movement
between the different hierarchies
of roads. Majority of the streets are
named in alphabetical order from
the Southern to Northern end of the
city and in numerical order from the
Western to Eastern end of the city for
ease of navigation within the city.
The winning design of the Canberra
city plan featured various geometric
motifs centred on axis aligned with
significant topological landmarks.
Unlike Washington DC, Canberra lacks
the cultural history of the old capitals.
As such, planners focused on the
natural aspects of the city’s structure.
The plan responded sensitively to the
site’s natural features by incorporating
natural elements in the design. For
instance, the land axis was aligned with
the summits of four local mountains
with the Capital housed atop the
largest hill, Kurrajong. The river, which
is also the water axis, cuts the land axis
at right angle. Moreover, the city design
incorporated significant areas of natural
vegetation and open spaces. The main
city street, Constitution Avenue, ran
parallel to the water axis forming the
second triangle with its apex aligning to
the Capital. The Constitutional Avenue
is also an important street which
provides direct connection between
the city centre and the market centre.
Heavily influenced by the reverence
of City Beautiful Movement and the
classical
Beaux-Arts
architectural
style of planning, it allocated large
amount of space for parks and civic
art in the monumental core. The
Capitol is surrounded by a series of
monumental buildings and extending
westwards towards the Potomac River
through a large green corridor. Both
the state Capitol and White House is
located on hill-lock. The design of the
administrative Centre demonstrated
American
planners’
desire
for
symmetry, harmony and focus on total
building effect.
Source: Rose, J. K. (1996) The 1901 Plan
At the base of Kurrajong (now known as
Capital Hill), is the state circle. The state
circle is a bi-directional four lane road
branching outwards from the Capital.
Main government offices and public
buildings are located on the axis linking
the Capital Hill and the city centre.
Lastly, the Federation Mall, which
extends from the Capital to the river,
forms the ceremonial and symbolic
link between the provisional and
permanent Parliament Houses. It is also
a location for many key celebrations,
gatherings and commemoration of
Brasilia, Brazil
In 1956, Lucio Costa planned and
developed Brasilia from tabula rasa.
The city is shaped as a bird with open
wings with 2 axis crossing at right
angle with the monumental axis. The
monumental axis houses mainly civic
and municipal administration facilities
while the curved axis houses the
residential districts. The entertainment
district is placed at the intersection of
the monumental and back axis. The
city is segregated based on uses with
priority given to automobiles. One clear
distinction in the plan is the design
of clover shaped turn off which aims
to avoid intersection, thus allowing
automobiles to travel at high speed.
The residential district composed of
Superblocks with a uniform height of 6
stories, are surrounded by vast amount
of open green spaces.
Despite the grand vision for the city,
its reality proves disappointing for
many. Firstly, Brasilia was conceived
out of the need to relieve problems of
overpopulation in Brazil’s old capital of
Rio De Janeiro. Ironically, the city now
has more than 5 times of its projected
planned population. This resulted in
the poor being shunned out to satellite
cities or housed at the edge of the city
where housing prices are relatively
cheaper. Planners were also criticized
for the lack in understanding of the
organic nature of urban life. In the
Source: Bhatnagar, S.(2013) Brasilia Town
Planning
Mon
ume
ntal
Ax
The Prime Minister office is located at
the northern tip of the ceremonial axis.
The design of the ceremonial axis is 4km
long by 2.5km wide and runs alongside
the river, stretching across three small
islands. Land parcels besides the axis
is zoned primarily for commercial
use. In the rest of the city, residential
units surrounded the Capital Core
and community facilities are provided
within each neighbourhood precinct.
Espla
Civic nade &
Plaza
is
Putrajaya, Malaysia
Putrajaya is a young city that was
developed only in the 1990s. The plan
was drawn up by a consultancy firm
which allocated as much as 38% of
the total city area for parks and water
bodies. The plan embodied the Garden
City concept and embraces the synergy
between natural environment, built
environment and the community. In
the Capital Core, all of the buildings
allocated, are primarily for government
use. These buildings are situated at the
periphery of the park, which occupies a
significant proportion of land area.
95
Expressway
City Centre
Govt. Precinct
Area: 5814 sqm
Population: 500,000 (Planned),
2.5 million (2012)
Core: 0.65sqkm
Core Structure of Brasilia
Capital Complex
Urban Design of Brasilia
Area: 49 sqm
Population: 335,000 (Target)
Core: 3.5sqkm
Ministries
Govt. Precinct
Civic Precinct
Prime Minister
Office
ule
var
d
Source: Historians and Vernon (1995) An Ideal
City? The 1912 Competition to Design Canberra.
making of the city, not just tenements
were bulldozed but social relationships,
as well. The city is strongly segregated
with almost no street life in the city
centre. Lastly, the city is difficult to
navigate as a pedestrian and the urban
design lacked the human scale.
River
Bo
Australian history.
Mixed Used Precinct
Source: APUDG (2015) Putrajaya Master Plan
Core Structure of Putrajaya
Plaza & Mosque
Urban Design of Putrajaya
Area: 7sqkm
Population: 6.66m (2011)
Core: 1.2sqkm
96
Hill
Palace Complex
City Temple, Lake
Palace
Fortification
Wall with Gates
Lake
Mixed Used
Neighbourhoods
Main Bazaar
Bazaar Street
with Squares
Urban Design of Jaipur
Core Structure of Jaipur
Area: 43sqkm
Population: 150,000 (Planned)
Core: 0.9sqkm
Monument
Linear Park
Govt. Precinct
Capital Complex
Railway Station
City Park
City Centre
City Park
Axis
City Centre
River
Core Structure of Gandhi Nagar
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
Jaipur, Rajasthan State
Gandhinanagr, Gujarat State
Jaipur became the new capital of
Rajasthan state in 1727 mainly due to
military and geographical reasons. It is
situated at the base of the Nahargarh
hill, which offers a natural defence to
the north of the city. The rugged hills
are also a source of building materials
for the city. The presence of a perennial
stream nearby provides adequate
drinking water and good drainage
system. The city is planned based on
the principals prescribed in the Shilpashastra. As such, the site is divided into
girds of 3x3 with the gridlines being the
city’s main streets. The principal lateral
axis lies along the regional trade route
between the gates of the “Suraj pol”
and “Chandpol”. This axis was crossed
by 2 roads at right angles, dividing
the city into almost nine equally sized
blocks.
Indian planners Mewada and Apte
planned and implemented the city
of Gandhinanagr in the late 1960s.
The planners incorporated the rich
heritage of Gujarat and the principals
of Mahatma Gandhi in the city plan.
For instance, a ceremonial axis of 2km
in length extended from the capital
complex to the monument of Gandhi
in a north-west direction. The city was
planned in a manner that allows it to
accommodate up to twice the planned
population by doubling the floor
space ratio of private developments.
Moreover, the ceremonial axis was to
be used to guide future expansion of
the city if there is a need to. In total, the
city plan is able to accommodate up to
5x its original population in the future.
Public service officials were housed
in 30 residential sectors around the
State Assembly-Secretariat complex.
They will be occupying the centre of
each residential plot with 50% of land
allocated to them. The rest of the land
which is also on the periphery of each
sector is designated for private and
supporting population.
Two of the blocks are allocated for the
state building and palace while the rest
of the blocks are allocated to the public
based their communities and rank. Such
segregation approach is in conformity
with the Hindu caste system. The lower
left grid is characterized by mixed used
neighbourhood while the lower right
grid consists of the main bazaar. At
the junction between the main axes, a
100m by 100m public space (Chaupar)
is used for public gathering. Each of this
Chaupur is 700m apart of each other
and has a controlled façade treatment
enveloping it.
Source: Sharma P (2014) Jaipur Planning
Urban Design of Gandhi Nagar
Green features such as parks are
generously allocated on both side of the
government precinct. In sector 17 of
the city square, a major area of the city
is set aside to house cultural facilities,
thus satisfying the entertainment and
recreational needs of the locals.
Source: Apte, P. M. (2011) Gandhinagar
Endangered: A Capital’s Plan Dismantled
Chandigarh, Punjab &
Haryana State
Naya Raipur, Chattisgarh
State
The Chandigarh Master plan prepared
by Le Corbusier embodied his radical
ideology of a utopian community.
Corbusier designed the road networks
in a grid iron pattern to allow for fast
traffic movement within the city. The
city is conceived analogous to the
human body with a clearly defined
head (Capital Complex), Heart (City
Centre), Lungs (Open Spaces), Intellect
(Cultural and Educational Institutions),
Circulatory system (Traffic networks)
and the Viscera (Industrial area).
Naya Raipur is the new planned capital
city for the Chattisgarh State. Given
the recent completion of Naya Raipur
city plan, new modern planning and
engineering solutions are incorporated
to deal with the complexity of the
city problems. The new state capital
is situated in between two railway
corridors in a North-west and Southeast
orientation. A 3sqkm Capitol complex is
located on the eastern part of the city
with 3 distinct visual corridor radiating
out of the Capital complex. The first axis
is a visual corridor to the City Park and
the second axis links the neighbourhood
to the Capital Complex. Interestingly,
the residents are separated from the
City Park by the centre axis which is also
the ceremonial axis of the city. On the
south of the centre axis, a cultural zone
that runs parallel to the axis orientation
is identified. The city sets aside land
parcels for museums, exhibition halls,
performing theatres etc to enliven
and enrich the cultural life of the
city. Besides that, the institutional
area of the city houses many training
institutions, laboratories and research
centres. This is as the city positioned
itself to be the educational and cultural
hub of the Chattisgarh State. Within the
city itself, non-polluting light industries
such as industrial parks and science
parks are located near and within
residential neighbourhood to offer
residents close proximity to jobs.
At the Capital complex, the Secretariat
forms the background of the city with
the Capitol located on the right and
the parliament building on the left. In
the foreground, the pool of the palace
of Justice lies there. A 3km long main
avenue stretches from the Capital
Complex to the City Centre. Envisaged
as the “lung” of the city, this main
avenue is largely a park and open
space with government offices lined
alongside it. The rest of the city was
organized into 30 self-sufficient sectors,
with its own services and facilities. Each
of these sectors have its own shopping
street and Central green. These are
then linked to the adjacent sectors
forming one long continuous ribbon,
cutting across the city structure.
Source: Avasak, G, Mathur N and Kamineni, P
(2011) Chandigarh: Urban Planning Concepts.
Capital Complex
ue
rk
Pa
y
it
C
n
ve
nA
Area: 70sqkm
Population: 500,000 (Planned)
Core: 0.8sqkm
Garden
& Lakes
ai
M
97
ue
en &
v
A rk
Pa
y
n
i
b ces
a
M ed Offi
lin vt.
Go
City Centre
Urban Design of Gandhi Nagar
Capital Complex
& Grand Plaza
Urban Design of Gandhi Nagar
Area: 95sqkm
Population: 560,000 (Planned)
Core: 2sqkm
SEZ
CBD
Govt. Precinct
Boule
vard
City Centre
City Park
City Park
Source: Naya Raipur Development Authority
(2015) City Level Structure Plan
Urban Design of Naya Raipur
Urban Design of Naya Raipur
Capital Complex
Hong Kong
Residential
98
Residential
Open Spaces
Mixed Used
Commercial &
Govt. Precinct
Central Plaza
Hilly Terrains
Core Structure of Hong Kong
Observation Wheel
Convention Centre
Victoria Park
Waterfront Park
Statue Square
Corridor
Civic Corridor
Arts &
Entertainment
Corridor
Legislative Council
Building
Jockey Club
Urban Design of Hong Kong
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
In the Global and World City research
ranking, Hong Kong city has emerged
as one of the alpha plus city, offering
advanced niche services for the global
economy. This achievement is attained
despite facing land constraint issues,
whereby 75% of the city’s land mass
is on hilly terrains. Surprisingly, even
with of the world’s highest population
densities, the city is ranked as the
top ten sustainable cities (Arcadis,
2015). High population density is
not necessary undesirable if proper
planning techniques are in place. In
fact, with a greater population mass,
this allows for more efficient land
uses and will be more cost-effective
for the government to provide public
services and facilities. For instance,
high density development justifies for
greater investment in transportation
infrastructure that will shorten
commuters traveling time and reduce
both operation and infrastructure cost.
Negative effects of density can be
mitigated by planning strategies such
as efficient city layout, good urban
design and ample open spaces. In Hong
Kong’s Central Business District (CBD),
for instance, large proportion of open
spaces is reserved near the waterfront.
In addition, land parcels are reserved for
special activity centres that are low rise
and have the ability to attract visitors
and build consumer confidence. There
are also provisions of housings which are
seen as a strategy to ensure vibrancy in
the downtown 24/7. Housings in close
proximity to the CBD are zoned to be
high rise with a significant component
of commercial spaces in the lower
levels. These mixed land uses strategies
have proved effective in not only
providing a sustainable consumer base
for these businesses but also develop
a pedestrian oriented environment for
the population.
Source: Yeh, A (2011) High Density Living
in Hong Kong. and Hong Kong Planning
Department guidelines (2015)
APPENDIX 2: DETAILED LANDUSE TABLE
PHASE-1
Land
Area
(Ha)
BUSINESS_PARK
COMMERCIAL (Office, IT, Retail, Hospitality)
PHASE-2
FAR
GFA
(sqm)
Land
Area
(Ha)
-
1.50
-
-
1.80
GOVT ADMINISTRATION
59.88
EXISTING HABITATION
PHASE-3
FAR
GFA
(sqm)
Land
Area
(Ha)
12.64
1.50
189,641
-
3.71
3.00
1.50
898,261
-
10.88
-
-
INFRASTRUCTURE
3.79
-
INSTITUTION
5.82
MIX_USE
PHASE-4
FAR
GFA
(sqm)
Land
Area
(Ha)
13.53
1.50
202,912
111,304
8.72
3.00
-
-
-
12.77
-
-
-
2.57
-
1.00
58,161
2.43
22.71
1.80
408,798
-
-
PARKS AND GREENS
67.14
LOW DENSITY RESIDENTIAL
HIGH DENSITY RESIDENTIAL
PHASE-5
FAR
GFA
(sqm)
Land
Area
(Ha)
12.75
1.50
191,241
261,466
25.93
4.00
-
-
-
5.75
-
-
-
3.25
-
1.00
24,278
3.11
102.67
1.80
1,848,103
-
1.81
0.50
-
-
91.41
12.75
1.60
101,983
-
1.80
28.63
Total
FAR
GFA
(sqm)
Land
Area
(Ha)
GFA
(sqm)
-
-
-
38.92
583,794
1,037,227
9.13
3.00
273,962
47.49
1,683,959
-
-
-
-
-
59.88
898,261
-
-
-
-
-
-
29.40
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
10.92
-
1.00
31,073
5.34
1.00
53,392
-
-
-
16.69
166,903
79.52
1.80
1,431,302
4.79
2.00
95,798
45.68
2.00
913,581
255.37
4,697,582
9,031
2.11
0.50
10,563
-
-
-
-
-
-
3.92
19,593
-
-
16.06
-
-
59.05
-
-
97.76
-
-
331.42
-
21.56
0.80
172,462
13.25
0.80
105,974
5.57
0.80
44,521
31.35
0.80
250,809
84.47
675,749
-
6.39
1.80
114,986
26.59
1.80
478,554
11.62
2.00
232,340
-
-
-
44.59
825,880
1.20
104,469
6.54
1.20
78,462
12.85
1.20
154,157
14.47
1.20
173,617
-
-
-
62.49
749,836
104.23
-
-
56.98
-
-
53.26
-
-
31.28
-
-
31.53
-
-
277.27
-
2.07
0.50
10,373
3.99
0.50
19,970
4.38
0.50
21,880
3.46
0.50
17,313
-
-
-
13.91
69,536
-
0.60
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
118.83
0.60
712,986
118.83
712,986
Special Development Zone (SDZ)
36.29
1.80
653,262
52.24
2.80
1,462,592
47.89
2.80
1,341,027
48.27
3.00
1,448,208
40.02
3.00
1,200,724
224.72
6,105,812
VILLAGE BUFFER
1.40
-
-
1.24
-
-
1.08
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3.72
-
WATER
9.56
-
-
2.64
-
-
3.22
-
-
2.57
-
-
52.06
-
-
70.04
-
2,474,437
381.58
4,030,829
294.54
4,038,907
225.10
3,293,658
426.36
3,352,062
1,694.06
Land Use
NEIGHBURHOOD CENTER
MEDIUM DENSITY RESIDENTIAL
ROADS
SCHOOLS
SPECIAL (Convention Center, Cultural Center, Performing Arts,
Resorts/Theme Parks, etc)
Grand Total
365.16
17,189,892
Note:
1. Special Development Zone (SDZ) is defined as “Any combination of commercial, residential, business park, IT park, institutional or recreational uses”
2. This report does not specify the development control guidelines and detail urban design guidelines at individual parcel level. This exercise will need to be undertaken as a follow-up action to this SEED
Development Masterplan.
2. General Parking Recommendations: All required parking Stalls should be provided within the lot boundary; Parking ht. is upto 4m; Basement Parking is encouraged.
99
100
THE NEW CAPITAL CITY OF ANDHRA PRADESH | URBAN DESIGN REPORT
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