Technical Appendices for International Road Racing

Technical Appendices for International Road Racing
2ème partie / 2nd part
Technical Appendices for
International Road Racing Meetings
(Including Appendices for Sprinters, Drag Racers, Electrical Vehicles and
Special Vehicles)
Annexes Techniques des
Manifestations Internationales de Courses sur
Route
(Annexes pour Sprinters, Dragsters, Véhicules électriques et
Véhicules Spéciaux inclus)
2009
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
02
TECHNICAL APPENDICES FOR INTERNATIONAL MEETINGS
2.1.1
2.1.3
2.1.5
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.2.5
2.2.6
2.3
2.3.3
2.3.4
2.3.5
2.3.6
2.3.7
2.3.8
2.3.9
2.3.10
2.3.11
2.3.12
2.3.13
2.3.14
2.3.15
2.3.16
2.3.17
2.3.18
2.3.19
2.3.20
2.3.21
2.5
2.7
2.8
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................
FREEDOM OF CONSTRUCTION .............................................................
CATEGORIES AND GROUPS ..................................................................
CLASSES ..................................................................................................
MEASUREMENT OF CAPACITY ..............................................................
SUPERCHARGING ...................................................................................
TELEMETRY .............................................................................................
MOTORCYCLE WEIGHTS ........................................................................
DESIGNATION OF MAKE .........................................................................
DEFINITION OF A PROTOTYPE ..............................................................
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................
DEFINITION OF A FRAME OF A SOLO MOTORCYCLE .........................
STARTING DEVICES ................................................................................
OPEN TRANSMISSION GUARDS ............................................................
EXHAUST PIPES ......................................................................................
HANDLEBARS ..........................................................................................
CONTROL LEVERS ..................................................................................
THROTTLE CONTROLS ...........................................................................
FUEL PUMPS ............................................................................................
FOOTRESTS .............................................................................................
BRAKES ....................................................................................................
MUDGUARDS AND WHEEL PROTECTION ............................................
STREAMLINING ........................................................................................
INCLINATION AND SUSPENSION OF MOTORCYCLES ........................
WHEEL RIMS, TYRES ..............................................................................
TYRES FOR SOLOS .................................................................................
TYRES FOR SIDECARS ...........................................................................
ADDITIONAL SPECIFICATIONS VALID FOR SIDECARS .......................
NUMBER PLATES ....................................................................................
FUEL AND OIL TANKS .............................................................................
SUPERSPORT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ......................................
SUPERSTOCK 600 & 1000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS...................
SUPERMONO TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ........................................
FUELS, OILS AND COOLANTS ................................................................
EQUIPMENT, PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .......................
CONTROL .................................................................................................
TECHNICAL CONTROL GUIDELINES AND DECLARATION FORM........
NOISE CONTROL .....................................................................................
GUIDELINES FOR USE OF SOUND LEVEL METERS ............................
2.81
ADDITIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SPECIAL VEHICLES
USED FOR WORLD RECORDS (SHORT DISTANCE RECORDS) .........
2
2.82
2.83
2.84
2.85
TECHNICAL RULES FOR SOLAR OR ELECTRIC POWERED
VEHICLES .................................................................................................
TECHNICAL RULES FOR DRAG BIKES ..................................................
TECHNICAL RULES FOR SPRINTERS ...................................................
TECHNICAL RULES FOR SCOOTERS AND AUTOMATIC 50 CC ...........
DIAGRAMS AND TABLE
3
02
TECHNICAL APPENDICES FOR INTERNATIONAL MEETINGS
2.1.1
INTRODUCTION
The term motorcycle covers all vehicles having, in principle, less than four wheels,
propelled by an engine and designed essentially for the carriage of one or more
persons of which one is the rider of the vehicle. The wheels must normally be in
contact with the ground except momentarily or in certain exceptional circumstances.
2.1.3
FREEDOM OF CONSTRUCTION
A motorcycle conforms to the requirements of the FIM Appendices, to the
Supplementary Regulations, as well as to a number of specific conditions that the
FIM may require for certain competitions. No further restriction is placed on the
make, construction or type of motorcycle used.
All solo motorcycles (Group A) must be constructed in such a way that they are
entirely controlled by a rider. Motorcycles with Sidecars (Group B) must be
constructed to carry a passenger.
2.1.5
CATEGORIES AND GROUPS
Motorcycles are divided into categories which must be observed for all meetings
and world record attempts.
In principle, it is forbidden for different categories, groups and classes to compete in
the same race, unless the Supplementary Regulations state otherwise.
Category I
Motorcycles propelled by the action of one wheel in contact with the ground.
Category II
Special vehicles propelled by the action of one or more wheels in contact with the
ground but which are not covered by the conditions for Category I.
Category III
Electric vehicles.
These categories are divided into groups:
Category IV
Special vehicles not propelled by wheels in contact with the ground.
4
Category I
Group A1 - Solo Motorcycles
2-wheeler vehicles making only one track on the ground.
Group A2 - Scooters
Motorcycles with special characteristics.
A scooter is a motorised vehicle with 2 wheels, providing a seat for the rider and
having a free space in front of the seat for the rider's legs.
The characteristics of a scooter are as follows:
The scooter must be fitted with a leg shield, of minimum 400 mm in width. The leg
shield must start below the handlebar and extend down and to the rear, to either
side of the seat, forming a platform with a minimum length of 250 mm and sufficient
to fit the rider's feet.
The space between seat and handlebar shall be free of any obstructions. It must
allow a rider to put his knees together, when seated normally with both feet on the
platform.
The diameter of the wheel rims must not exceed 400 mm irrespective of engine
capacities.
The scooter must be fitted with a starting device. The electrical equipment and
lighting must conform to the International Convention for Road Vehicles.
Group A3 - Automatic 50 cc
Motorcycles driven by an engine capacity up to 50 cc and having automatic
transmission.
Scooter specification: a scooter must have its crankcase/swing-arm constructed as
one single, rigid unit. Its transmission must be by a continuous variator transmission
(CVT).
Group B1
Vehicles with three wheels making two tracks on the ground, consisting of a
motorcycle making one track and a Sidecar for a passenger making the other.
Group B2 - Motorcycles with permanent Sidecar
Vehicles with three wheels making two or three tracks on the ground in the direction
of forward travel, with a permanently attached Sidecar forming a complete integral
unit.
5
If three tracks are made, the centre-line of the two tracks made by the motorcycle
wheels must not be more than 75 mm apart. A track is determined by the
longitudinal centre-line of each of the vehicle's wheels in the direction of forward
travel.
Group B3 - Cycle-cars
3-wheeler vehicles making three tracks on the ground forming a complete integral
unit and having accommodation for a rider and passenger.
A cycle-car is a motorcycle with 3 wheels differing from a Sidecar in that 2 of the
wheels are mounted on the same geometric horizontal axis. These may be on the
front or rear of the vehicle and shall ensure stability of the vehicle.
The passenger can be by the side of the rider but not necessarily in the same
frontal alignment. He can also be placed behind the rider.
Steering must be by handlebars with a minimum length of 500 mm or by a wheel
with a minimum diameter of 300 mm.
If bodywork does not enclose the wheels, they must be protected by mudguards.
The dimensions for Sidecar tyres and wheel diameters also apply to cycle-cars.
Category II
Group C
Group D
Group E
Group F
Group G
Group H
Group I
-
Special 2 wheeler motorcycles
Special 3 wheeler motorcycles
Snowmobiles
Sprinters and Drag Bikes (Dragsters)
Quad Racers – 2 wheel driven
Quad Racers – 4 wheel driven
--
Category III
Group J
- Electric Vehicles (see Art. 01.82)
Category IV
Group Y
- SPECIAL TWO WHEELED MOTORCYCLES
A maximum of two wheels (in the form of stabilisers or skids) may be fitted to the
vehicle, only to aid stability at low speeds. These aids must be retracted during the
record attempt.
6
2.2
CLASSES
Groups are again separated into classes according to cylinder capacities as
detailed below. These classes must be observed for all meetings, with the exception
of ‘short distance’ World Record Attempts:
Category I
Groups A1 and A2
Class
50
85
100
125
175
250
350
500
750
Supermono
1000
1300
Unlimited
Group A3
Motorcycles
over (cc)
50
85
100
125
175
250
350
500
4-stroke
750
1000
1300
up to (cc)
50
85
100
125
175
250
350
500
750
800
1000
1300
open
single cylinder
Mopeds - Automatics
Class
50
Groups B1, B2 and B3
over (cc)
-
up to (cc)
50
Sidecars
Same as groups A1 and A2 over 175 cc.
Category II
Groups C and D
Appendices governing the classes on these groups to be issued as each case is
presented.
Group F
Sprint and Drag racing machines with a maximum engine capacity of 3000 cc.
Class 2000: over 1300 cc up to 2000 cc
Class 3000: over 2000 cc up to 3000 cc
7
2.2.1
MEASUREMENT OF CAPACITY
2.2.1.1
Reciprocating movement engine, "Otto" Cycle
The capacity of each engine cylinder is calculated by the geometric formula which
gives the volume of a cylinder, the diameter is represented by the bore, and the
height by the space swept by the piston from its highest to lowest point:
Capacity = D2 x 3.1416 x C
4
where
and
D = bore
C = stroke
When a cylinder bore is not circular the cross sectional area must be determined by
a suitable geometrical method or calculation, then multiplied by the stroke to
determine capacity.
When measuring, a tolerance of 1/10 mm is permitted in the bore. If with this
tolerance the capacity limit is exceeded for the class in question, a further
measurement must be taken with the engine cold (at ambient temperature), to
1/100 mm limits.
2.2.1.2
Rotary engines
The capacity of an engine which determines the class in which the motorcycle shall
compete in a meeting shall be calculated by:
Capacity =
where V
and N
=
=
2xV
N
total capacity of all the chambers comprising the engine
number of turns of the motor necessary to complete one cycle in
a chamber.
This engine is classified as a 4-stroke.
2.2.1.3
Wankel system
For Wankel system engines with a triangular piston, the capacity is given by the
formula:
Capacity = 2 x V x D
where V
= capacity of a single chamber
and D
= number of rotors.
Classified as a 4-stroke.
8
2.2.2
SUPERCHARGING
Supercharging by means of a device of any kind is forbidden in all meetings, except
for record attempts, Drag racing and Sprinting.
The direct injection of fuel is not considered to be supercharging.
An engine whether 2-stroke or 4-stroke coming within any one of the recognised
classes as determined by the capacity of the working cylinder shall not be
considered as supercharged when in respect of one engine cycle, the total capacity
measured geometrically, of the fuel charging device or devices, including the
capacity of the working cylinder, (if used for inspirating the fuel) does not exceed the
maximum capacity of the class in question.
2.2.3
TELEMETRY
Information must not be transmitted in any way to or from a moving motorcycle.
An official signalling device may be required on the machine.
Automatic lap timing devices are not considered as "telemetry".
Automatic lap timing devices must not disrupt any official time keeping methods and
equipment.
2.2.4
MOTORCYCLE WEIGHTS
Weighing scales must have been certified by a National Institute within two years
prior to use and the certificate must be available to the Technical Steward.
A 1 % tolerance in the weight of the machine at the post-race control is accepted.
A 2 kg discount, without fuel tank, irrespective of engine capacity, will be allowed.
2.2.4.1
Weights of motorcycles without fuel
The minimum weights are:
85cc
125cc
250cc
Sidecars
Supersport 600
Superstock 600 - 1000
Supermono up to 250
Supermono 250 up to 500
Supermono 500 up to 800
2.2.4.2
Rider + machine
See Art. 2.3.19.1
See Art. 2.5.2
See Art. 2.7.2
1 cylinder
1 cylinder
1 cilinder
Ballast
9
55 kg
136 kg
100 kg
85 kg
90 kg
95 kg
The use of ballast is allowed to stay over the minimum weight limit. The use of
ballast must be declared to the Chief Technical Steward at the preliminary checks.
Ballast must be made from solid metallic piece/s, firmly, securely connected, either
through an adapter or directly to the main frame or engine, with minimum 2 steel
bolts (min. 8 mm diameter, 8.8 grade or over). Fuel in the fuel tank can be used as
ballast.
On three wheeled vehicles and cycle-cars, where the participation of a passenger is
not compulsory, a ballast of 60 kg must be fixed to the machine on an area provided
for this purpose. The ballast must be shown during verification and properly sealed
to the motorcycles.
2.2.4.3
For Groups B1 and B2 at all competitions (except World Record
attempts) a passenger must be carried.
2.2.4.4
For record attempts in Groups B1 and B2 the body of the motorcycles
must be constructed in such a way as to allow accommodation of a passenger. If
there is no passenger, a 60 kg ballast must be securely fixed to the Sidecar.
2.2.5
DESIGNATION OF MAKE
When two manufacturers are involved in the construction of a motorcycle the name
of both must appear on the machine as follows:
• The name of the chassis manufacturer
• The name of the engine manufacturer
This applies where no commercial interests are involved.
2.2.6
DEFINITION OF A PROTOTYPE
A prototype is a vehicle which must conform to the safety requirements as required
by the FIM Code applicable to the type of competition for which it is to be used.
2.3
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
The following specifications apply to all vehicles of the groups indicated and to all
types of competitions except where otherwise stated in the corresponding section of
the FIM Code.
They should also be applied to all national competitions unless the FMNR (National
Motorcycling Federation) has otherwise directed.
Further specifications for some competitions may also be required and these will be
detailed in either the appropriate section of the FIM Sporting Code or in the
Supplementary Regulations for the competition in question.
10
2.3.1
Materials
The use of titanium in the construction of the frame, the front forks, the handlebars,
the swing arms, the swing arm spindles and the wheel spindles is forbidden. For
wheel spindles, the use of light alloys is also forbidden. The use of titanium alloy
nuts and bolts is allowed.
2.3.1.1
Titanium test to be performed on the track: Magnetic test (titanium is
not magnetic).
2.3.1.2
3 % nitric acid test (titanium does not react. If metal is steel, the drop
will leave a black spot).
2.3.1.3
Specific mass of titanium alloys 4,5-5, of steel 7,5-8,7 can be
ascertained by weighing the part and measuring its volume in a calibrated glass
filled by water (intake valve, rocker, connecting rod, etc.)
2.3.1.4
In case of doubt, the test should take place at a Materials Testing
Laboratory.
2.3.1.5
Aluminium alloys can be ascertained visually.
2.3.2
General specifications for motorcycles are as follows.
125 cc
250 cc
500 cc
over 80cc to 125cc
over 175cc to 250cc
over 350cc to 500cc
1 cylinder max
2 cylinders max.
4 cylinders max.
6 gears max.
6 gears max.
6 gears max.
S/cars
500cc maximum
1000cc maximum
2-stroke
4-stroke
4 cylinders max.
4 cylinders max.
6 gears max.
6 gears max.
For Supersport 600
600cc
675cc
750cc
4 stroke
4 stroke
4 stroke
4 cylinders
3 cylinders
2 cylinders
6 gears
6 gears
6 gears
For Superstock 600
600cc
675cc
750cc
4 stroke
4 stroke
4 stroke
4 cylinders
3 cylinders
2 cylinders
6 gears
6 gears
6 gears
For Superstock 1000
1000cc
4 stroke
3&4
cylinders
2 cylinders
6 gears
1200cc
4 stroke
11
6 gears
For Supermono
Up to 250 cc.
250cc up to 500 cc
500 up to 800cc
4-stroke
4-stroke
4-stroke
1 cilinder max.
1 cylinder max.
1 cylinder max.
6 gears max.
6 gears max.
6 gears max.
2.3.2.1
The number of cylinders in an engine is determined by the number of
combustion chambers.
2.3.2.2
If separate combustion spaces are used they must be connected by
an unrestricted passage of minimum cross sectional area at least 50 % of the total
inlet port area.
2.3.3
DEFINITION OF A MAIN FRAME OF A SOLO MOTORCYCLE
The structure or structures used to join any steering mechanism at the front of the
machine to the engine/gear box unit and to all components of the rear suspension.
2.3.4
STARTING DEVICES
Only compulsory for all classes in Endurance racing and the Supersport and
Superstock classes.
2.3.5
OPEN TRANSMISSION GUARDS
2.3.5.1
For all motorcycles, including Sprinters, if the primary transmission is
exposed, it must be fitted with a guard as a safety measure. The guard must be
conceived in such manners that under no circumstances can the rider or the
passenger come into accidental contact with the transmission parts. It must be
designed to protect the rider from injuring his fingers.
2.3.5.2
For Sidecars, a guard is required if secondary transmission is not
shielded by the bodywork.
2.3.5.3
A guard must be fitted to the countershaft sprocket for Sprinters.
2.3.5.4
A (chain) guard must be fitted in such a way as to prevent trapping
between the lower chain run and the final driven sprocket at the rear wheel.
2.3.6
EXHAUST PIPES
Exhaust pipes and silencers must fulfil all the requirements concerning noise
control.
2.3.6.1
The end of the exhaust pipe, over a minimum distance of 30 mm must
be horizontal and parallel to the central axis of the solo machine (with a tolerance
of ± 10°).
12
2.3.6.2
Exhaust fumes must be discharged towards the rear but not in a
manner as to raise dust, foul the tyres or brakes, or inconvenience a passenger, if
there is one, or any other riders.
2.3.6.3
The extremity of the exhaust pipes on solo motorcycles must not pass
the vertical tangent of the rear tyre, if they keep the exhaust pipes system as
originally homologated (see diagrams A,B,C).
2.3.6.4
On a Sidecar machine the exhaust must discharge horizontally and
towards the rear, at a maximum angle of 30° to the axis of the machine, and at the
end be of constant diameter over a distance of 30 mm.
2.3.7
HANDLEBARS
2.3.7.1
The width of handlebars is: Up to 80 cc, not less than 400 mm.
2.3.7.2
For all other machines (incl. Sidecars) not less than 450 mm.
2.3.7.4
The grips must be attached in such a way that at least the minimum
width for handlebars is reached when measured between the outside ends of the
grips.
2.3.7.5
Exposed handlebar ends must be plugged with a solid material or
rubber covered.
2.3.7.6
The minimum angle of rotation of the handlebar on each side of the
centre line or mid position must be of 15° for solo motorcycles and 20° Sidecars.
2.3.7.7
Whatever the position of the handlebars the front wheel must never
touch the streamlining if any.
2.3.7.8
Solid stops, (other than steering dampers) must be fitted to ensure a
minimum clearance of 30 mm between the handlebar with levers and the tank when
on full lock to prevent trapping the rider's fingers (see diagrams A,B,C).
2.3.7.9
Handlebar clamps must be very carefully radiused and engineered so
as to avoid fracture points in the bar.
2.3.7.10
The repair by welding of light alloy handlebars is prohibited.
2.3.8
CONTROL LEVERS
2.3.8.1
All handlebar levers (clutch, brake, etc.) must be in principle ball
ended (diameter of this ball to be at least 19 mm). This ball can also be flattened,
but in any case the edges must be rounded (minimum thickness of this flattened
part 14 mm). These ends must be permanently fixed and form an integral part of the
lever.
13
2.3.8.2
Each control lever (hand and foot levers) must be mounted on a
independent pivot.
2.3.8.3
The brake lever if pivoted on the footrest axis must work under all
circumstances, such as the footrest being bent or deformed.
2.3.9
THROTTLE CONTROLS AND IGNITION CUT-OUT SWITCH
2.3.9.1
Throttle controls must be self-closing when not held by the hand.
2.3.9.2
For Sidecars and special 3-wheeler motorcycles, an ignition cut-out
must be fitted to operate when the rider leaves the machine.
This ignition cut-out system must interrupt the primary circuit and must be wired for
both the supply and return of the current.
The ignition cut-out switch must be placed as near to the centre of the handlebar as
possible and must be operated by a non-elastic string of adequate length and
thickness and strapped to the rider's right-hand wrist.
A spiral cable (similar to that of a telephone wire) of maximum 1 m extended length
is permitted.
2.3.10
FUEL PUMPS
Electric fuel pumps must be wired through a circuit cut-out which will operate
automatically in the event of an accident.
A test facility must be incorporated in the design of electrically operated fuel pumps
for use at the technical control.
2.3.11
FOOTRESTS
2.3.11.1
Footrests may be of a folding type but in this case must be fitted with a
device which automatically returns them to the normal position, and an integral
protection is to be provided at the end of the footrest which must have at least 8 mm
solid spherical radius (see diagrams A & C).
2.3.11.2
Non folding ‘metallic’ footrests must have an end (plug) which is
permanently fixed, made of plastic, Teflon® or an equivalent type material (min. Ø
16mm).
2.3.12
BRAKES
14
2.3.12.1
Vehicles in Group A must have at least 2 efficient brakes (one on each
wheel) operated independently and concentrically with the wheel.
The split of the front brake lines for both front brake callipers must be made above
the lower fork bridge (lower triple clamp).
2.3.12.2
Vehicles in Group B, including sprinters, must be fitted with at least 2
efficient brakes operating on at least 2 of the wheels and operated independently
and concentrically with the wheel.
2.3.12.3
For Sidecars, a Sidecar wheel brake must be fitted.
2.3.12.4
All road racing vehicles in Group B2 must have the following braking
system: One main system with at least two circuits operating separately. One of the
circuits must work upon at least two of the three wheels.
2.3.12.5
If one system fails the other system must work efficiently.
2.3.13
MUDGUARDS AND WHEEL PROTECTION
Mudguards must comply with the following requirements:
2.3.13.1
They must project laterally beyond the tyre on each side.
2.3.13.2
The front mudguard must cover at least 100° of the circumference of
the wheel. In this area, the wheel may be covered, respecting the angles mentioned
below. The angle formed by one line drawn from the front edge of the mudguard to
the centre of the wheel and one drawn horizontally through the centre of the wheel
must be between 45° and 60°. The angle formed by one line drawn from the rear
edge of the mudguard to the centre of the wheel and one drawn horizontally through
the centre of the wheel shall not exceed 20°.
2.3.13.3
The rear mudguard must cover at least 120° of the circumference of
the wheel. The angle formed by two lines, one drawn from the rear edge of the
mudguard to the centre of the wheel and one drawn horizontally through the centre
of the wheel shall not exceed 20° (see diagram A).
2.3.13.4
Mudguards are not required if there is streamlining. If there is no
streamlining, mudguards are required. If the fairing or the saddle reaches the
vertical tangent of the outside of the rear tyre (with a tolerance of - 50 mm) a rear
mudguard is not required.
2.3.14
STREAMLINING
The streamlining of Solo machines must correspond to the following specifications:
2.3.14.1
The front wheel with the exception of the tyre and the part hidden
behind the mudguard must be clearly visible from each side.
15
2.3.14.2
Bodywork must not extend beyond a line drawn vertically at the
leading edge of the front tyre and a line drawn vertically at the rearward edge of the
rear tyre. The suspension should be fully extended when the measurement is taken.
Mudguards are not considered as streamling.
2.3.14.3
No part of the streamlining must be to the rear of a vertical line drawn
through the rear wheel axle and the rim of the rear wheel must be clearly visible
over the 180° of its circumference to the rear of this line. No part of the motorcycle
shall project to the rear of a vertical line drawn through the exterior edge of the rear
wheel.
2.3.14.4
Air foils or spoilers may only be fitted on solo machines when they are
an integral part of the fairing or seat. They must not exceed the width of the fairing
nor the height of the handlebar. Sharp edges must be rounded off with a minimum
radius of 8 mm.
2.3.14.5
The windscreen edge and the edges of all other exposed parts of the
streamlining must be rounded.
2.3.14.6
In the normal driving position, the rider must be completely visible with
the exception of his forearms (and his legs if it is a Sidecar) from either side from
the rear and from above. The minimum space between the face of the rider, or his
helmet and the streamlining (including the windscreen) must be 100 mm. It is
forbidden to use transparent materials to evade these rules.
2.3.14.7
The maximum height of the back of the rider's seat is 150 mm. This
will be measured from the lowest point of the rigid base of the seat to the uppermost
part of the fairing behind the rider.
2.3.14.8
Whatever the position of the handlebars, there must be a space of at
least 20 mm between the streamlining and the ends of the handlebars or other
steering systems, including any attachments thereto.
2.3.14.9
The front inclination where the number plate is fixed must not exceed
an angle of 30° to the rear of the vertical (see diagram A).
2.3.14.10
The width of the seat or anything to its rear shall not be more than 450
mm, exhaust systems excepted.
2.3.14.11
The fuel cap must be fitted in such a way that it does not protrude in
relation to the tank profile and cannot be torn off in a crash.
2.3.14.12
For all four stroke motorcycles only, equipped with a fairing, the lower
fairing has to be constructed to hold in case of an engine breakdown, at least half of
the total oil and engine coolant capacity used in the engine. The lower edge of
openings in the fairing must be positioned at least 50 mm above the bottom of the
fairing.
16
The lower fairing should incorporate a maximum of two holes of 25mm. These holes
must remain closed in dry conditions and must be only opened in « wet » race
conditions as declared by the Clerk of the Course.
Minimum modifications with relation to the profile of the lower fairing are allowed,
only to fulfil this rule.
2.3.15
INCLINATION AND SUSPENSION OF MOTORCYCLES
Solo motorcycles in road racing and production machine racing, when unloaded,
must be capable of being inclined to an angle of 50° from the vertical without any
part other than the tyre being in contact with the ground (see diagrams A and C).
2.3.16
WHEEL RIMS, TYRES
(See Table 1)
2.3.16.1
All tyres will be measured mounted on the rim at a pressure of
2
1 kg/cm (14 lb./sq.in.); measurements taken at a tyre section located at 90° from
the ground.
2.3.16.2
Any modification to the rim or spokes of an integral wheel (cast,
moulded, riveted) as supplied by the manufacturer or of a traditional detachable rim
other than for spokes, valve or security bolts is prohibited except for tyre retention
screws sometimes used to prevent tyre movement relative to the rim. If rim is
modified for these purposes bolts, screws etc, must be fitted.
The maximum rear wheel rim widths are:
125cc
250cc
500cc
3.5"
5.5"
6.25''
For information, the distance is measured inside flange walls of the wheel rim in
accordance with ETRTO.
2.3.17
TYRES FOR SOLOS
(including Hill Climbs)
2.3.17.1
The width of tyres used in the individual classes must not be less than
the values shown in Table 1
2.3.17.2
The minimum rim diameter is 400 mm.
2.3.17.3
Interior - fixture - width of tyre
17
The tyre must be mounted on a corresponding rim. The interior (fixture) width
values for respective dimensions of tyres are shown in Table 1. The rim interior
(fixture) must not be deformed or damaged.
2.3.17.4
Permitted maximum speed
The speed categories for use in individual classes are shown in Table 1. This does
not apply to slick tyres.
2.3.17.5
Tyre surface tread pattern
2.3.17.6
treaded.
The surface of the tyre can be smooth (i.e. without tread grooves) or
2.3.17.7
The tread pattern is unrestricted.
2.3.17.8
the tyre.
The tread pattern must be made by a manufacturer when producing
2.3.17.9
Additional tread grooves, cuts, etc., are allowed provided that they are
made by a tyre manufacturer or a person duly authorised by a tyre manufacturer by
means of special purpose-built equipment.
2.3.17.10
Thus, subsequently modified tyres must bear the distinguishing mark
or stamp of the manufacturer. This stamp must be placed near to the
manufacturer's mark.
2.3.17.11
The choice of a certain type of tread pattern is left entirely up to the
individual rider.
2.3.17.12
The use of ’slick’ tyres will also be at the discretion of the rider. If
conditions should become problematic however, he must take into account the
recommendations of the Technical Stewards and if need be, of the appropriate
representative of the tyre manufacturers.
2.3.17.13
As a safe minimum, the depth of the tyre tread over the whole pattern
at pre-race control must be at least 2.5 mm.
In the 80cc class only, this minimum depth is 1.5 mm.
2.3.17.14
Tyres which at the preliminary examination have a tread depth of less
than 1.5 mm are considered as non-treaded tyres and the restrictions applying to
slick tyres will then apply to them.
2.3.17.15
The surface of a slick tyre must contain three or more hollows at 120°
intervals or less, indicating the limit of wear on the centre and shoulder areas of the
tyre. When at least 2 of these indicator hollows become worn on different parts of
the periphery, the tyre must no longer be used.
2.3.17.16
The minimum distance between the surface of the tyre (at its largest
point) and any fixed parts of a motorcycle is shown in Table 1 .
18
2.3.17.17
To ‘break in’ the tyre surface
In order to obtain optimal tyre adhesion, new unused tyres can be adapted by
scuffing the surface. The rules concerning grooves and hollows and the depth of the
latter must however still be respected after any such scuffing.
The use of slick tyres is forbidden in all solo hill climb meetings.
There is no restriction on the tyres used at World Record attempts.
2.3.18
TYRES FOR SIDECARS
The appendices mentioned above for solo motorcycle tyres also apply to Sidecars.
Slick tyres are authorised on Sidecars in hill climbs.
2.3.18.1
The maximum width of the front tyre tread measured from the point
where the wall of the tyre finishes and the tread pattern starts, to the point where
the tread pattern stops and the wall of the tyre's other side starts (only the section of
the tread pattern normally in contact with the ground is measured) must not exceed
230 mm.
2.3.18.2
The rear tyre must not exceed 254 mm, similarly measured.
2.3.18.3
When the springs are compressed to their maximum, there must still
remain a minimum wheel clearance of 15 mm to every fixed part.
2.3.18.4
The minimum diameter of an inflated tyre must be 400 mm.
There is no restriction on the tyres used at World Record attempts.
2.3.19
ADDITIONAL SPECIFICATIONS VALID FOR SIDECARS
2.3.19.1
Maximum Capacities
Minimum capacity for two stroke engines
Maximum capacity for two stroke engines
Minimum capacity for four stroke engines
Maximum capacity for four stroke engines
2.3.19.2
350cc
500cc
850cc
1000cc
Minimum Weight
Minimum weight with rider and passenger fully equipped: 385 kg.
At any time during the meeting, the sidecar must exceed the minimum weight,
regardless of the tank content.
19
2.3.19.3
Front Number Plate
The front inclination where the number plate is fixed must not exceed an angle of
30° to the rear of the vertical (see diagram A).
2.3.19.4
Fuel
All sidecar engines must function on normal unleaded fuel with a maximum lead
content of 0.005 g/l (unleaded) and a maximum MON of 90 (see also Art. 2.1.5 for
full specification).
2.3.19.5
Dimensions
Maximum dimensions are (see diagram B):
Overall width:
Maximum overall height:
Overall length:
Wheel base:
2.3.19.6
1700 mm (including the exhaust system)
800 mm (with the exception of the airbox –
max height: 950 mm).
3300 mm
2300 mm
Dimensions of Passenger Space
The minimum dimensions of the passenger's space on the platform are (see
Diagram B):
Length:
800 mm
Width:
300 mm
(both measured 150 mm above the platform).
Height of the screen protecting the passenger: 300 mm
2.3.19.7
Distance between Tracks
The distance between the tracks left by the centre lines of the rear motorcycle
wheel and the Sidecar wheel must be at least 800 mm and not more than 1150 mm.
2.3.19.8
Riders Position
The rider's position regardless of whether or not a driving seat is fitted, must be
such that the rider's feet are positioned behind the knees when looking in the driving
direction.
2.3.19.9
Passenger Visibility
Passengers must be completely visible from above and be able to lean out to either
side of the Sidecar. For this purpose, the vehicle must be equipped with a suitable
facility for the passenger to hold on to when leaning out. It is forbidden to use
transparent materials to evade these rules.
20
2.3.19.10
Rider or Passenger's Position
Neither the rider, nor the passenger must be covered from above nor may they be
attached to the vehicle in anyway.
The passenger must be able to lean out on either side.
2.3.19.11
Protection
Vehicles must have a solid and effective protection between the rider and the
engine. This protection must prevent direct contact between the rider's body or his
clothes and escaping flames or leaking fuel and oil.
2.3.19.12
Streamlining
The forward extremity of the streamlining shall be not more than 400 mm in front of
the foremost part of the tyre (see diagram B).
The extreme rear edge of the streamlining must be not more than 400 mm beyond
the extreme edge of the rear wheel (see diagram B).
The sidecar wheel must be enclosed by the fairing down to the height of its axle
centreline.
2.3.19.13
Aerodynamic Devices
Spoilers and other aerodynamic devices are authorized on condition that they do
not extend beyond the overall dimensions of the bodywork and are an integral part
of the fairing and/or body.
2.3.19.14
Windscreen
The windscreen edge and the edges of all other exposed parts of the streamlining
must be rounded.
2.3.19.15
Ground Clearance
The ground clearance measured over the entire length and width of the frame and
other mechanical parts (engine, oil bay, exhaust and platforms) excluding the
fairing, race ready, fully loaded with rider and passenger in a static racing position,
must not be less than 65 mm with the handlebars in straight position.
No devices are permitted to reduce the ground clearance during the course of the
race. After the race, a tolerance of - 5 mm is authorised. After a ‘wet’ race, this
check is not performed.
2.3.19.16
Fixing of the Sidecar
The Sidecar must be fixed to the motorcycle in at least three points, if it is not an
integral part of the chassis.
21
The fixing points must not allow movement at the joints. If the angle of the
inclination is changeable, it must be locked in such a way that it is completely
secured and not only clamped on.
2.3.19.17
Banking Sidecars
Banking Sidecars are strictly forbidden.
2.3.19.18
Steering
The motorcycle must be steered by a handlebar.
The handlebar extremities must not be lower than the front wheel spindle nor more
than 500 mm behind the front wheel spindle in the straight ahead position.
The steering axis must not be offset more than 75 mm from the front wheel centre
line.
To reduce the torque in the steering it is allowed to displace the front wheel and the
rear wheel. (See also Art. 01.05, Group B2).
2.3.19.19
Handlebars
Whatever the position of the handlebars, there must be a space of at least 20 mm
between the streamlining and the ends of the handlebars or other steering systems,
including any attachments thereto.
2.3.19.20
Suspension
Suspension of the front wheel must be designed so that under suspension action
and in a straight ahead position, the wheel shall only move vertically and in a single
plane relative to the motorcycle - the plane must be in the driving direction.
This must occur without changes to the camber or the side-tracking. The vertical
travel of the front and rear wheel spindles under suspension action must be at least
20 mm.
The fixing nuts and bolts of the front and rear suspensions must be secured
by a safety wire.
2.3.19.21
Drive
The drive shall be transmitted to the ground only through the rear wheel of the
motorcycle.
2.3.19.22
Wheels
The rear wheel and Sidecar wheel must be enclosed down to the level of the
Sidecar platform on the inside.
22
2.3.19.23
Brakes
Only ferrous brake disks are allowed.
Carbon, carbon fiber brake disks are not allowed.
Carbon, carbon fiber brake pads are not allowed.
2.3.19.24
Fuel Tank
The fuel tank must be independently protected from the ground.
2.3.19.25
Fuel Cap
The fuel cap must be fitted in such a way that it does not protrude in relation to the
fairing or the tank profile and cannot be torn off in a crash.
2.3.19.26
Battery
The battery must be covered in such a way that neither the rider nor the passenger
can come directly into contact with the battery or its contents.
2.3.19.27
Engine
The engine must be positioned in such a way that the centre-line of the engine (by
definition a position midway between centre lines of outermost cylinders for
transversal engines, or the crankshaft for in-line engines) shall not exceed 160 mm
beyond the centre-line of the rear wheel of the motorcycle. The engine must be
positioned in front of the rear wheel.
2.3.19.27 (a) Two Stroke Engines
•
•
•
•
Maximum capacity of 500cc.
Prototype engine design is allowed.
Maximum of 4 cylinders.
Maximum of 6 speed transmission.
2.3.19.27.2(b) Four Stroke Engines
For all international Sidecars meetings, the name of the engine fitted in the sidecar
is used to identify the ‘manufacturer’.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Motorcycle engines of mass production only. (Minimum production quantities:
1000 units/year).
The maximum capacity of 1000cc.
Maximum of 4 cylinders.
The crankshaft is free.
The stroke is free.
Balancing is allowed.
Lightening is allowed.
23
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Connecting rods may be changed, however the use of titanium or carbon is not
allowed in their construction.
Piston rings and pins may be changed.
The original cylinder head may be modified, however the number of ports and
valves must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer.
Camshafts may be altered or replaced.
The method of cam drive must remain as originally produced by the
manufacturer.
The ignition system may be altered or replaced.
Maximum of a 6 speed transmission.
The type of clutch must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer.
Clutch springs and plates may be altered or replaced.
The generator may be removed.
The electric starter may be removed.
Carburettors may be altered or replaced.
The fuel injection can only be used as offered on the original engine by the
manufacturer.
The use of exotic materials is not allowed i.e. ceramics, metal matrix (aluminum
beryllium).
The oil lubrification system is free.
It is recommended that machines be equipped with a red light on the
instrument panel. This light must flash in the event of oil pressure drop.
2.3.19.28
Oil and Coolant Containment
In the area directly below the engine, the oil containment tray must be constructed
to hold, in case of an engine breakdown at least half of the total oil and engine
coolant capacity used in the engine (min 5 litres).
The surrounding edges of the tray must be at least 30 mm above the bottom of the
tray.
This tray should incorporate a maximum of two holes of 25 mm in diameter and be
closed with rubber plugs. These holes must remain closed in dry conditions and
only opened when wet race conditions have been declared by the clerk of the
course.
The frontal edge from the oil bay reservoir wall must be extended upwards to arrive
just below (within 20 mm) the exhaust ports of the engine.
Holes for engine mounts (hangers) must be sealed.
From a vertical view, the engine must be located completely inside the oil bay
platform.
The rear wheel must be protected from any possible oil spray. To make this
protection, the engine and the rear wheel compartment must be separated. This
separation must be created by installing a solid divider (wall) running from the top of
24
the inside of the bodywork to the bottom of the oil tray. This divider (wall) must
overlap the rear edge of the oil tray down to the bottom.
4-stroke machines must use this tray.
Oil lines containing positive pressure, if replaced, must be of metal reinforced
construction with swaged or treaded connectors. Manufactured solid construction oil
lines, where practical, must be replaced also.
Oil cooler must not be mounted on or above the body of the sidecar.
The location of the oil tank and oil cooler should be placed in a location where it is
least likely to be damaged in an accident.
2.3.19.29
Exhaust Pipe
The exhaust pipe must not extend beyond the width of the Sidecar and the furthest
extremity of the exhaust pipe must not exceed the vertical line drawn at a tangent to
the rear edge of the Sidecar body.
Exhaust pipes fitted to the side of the Sidecar must be covered so that it is
impossible for the passenger to be burnt. The ends of the exhaust pipes fitted to the
Sidecar must be so positioned or protected that it is impossible for them to become
entangled with another machine.
2.3.19.30
Fog Lamp
Sidecars must be equipped with a functional rear red anti-fog lamp measuring a
minimum of 35 cm2 and a maximum of 100 cm2 fitted with a 2.5 watt halogen bulb
or 10 watt conventional bulb or LED lights.
The light must be installed at the rear of the main body (suspended part) and
mounted above the driving wheel, at minimum 40 cm above the ground and ensure
no obstruction from the fairing and/or the passenger.
The anti-fog lamp must be visible at all times.
Only fog lamps made by "ISA-EMS" and "LIFELINE" with the following references
are allowed:
- BITS – Helios
- ISA – EMS 90x90 ref. (6085-2)
- ISA – EMS - 90x92 ref. (6085-0)
- ISA – EMS - 120x65 ref. (6085-4)
- LIFELINE 90x90 Radial rain light
- www.bits-racing.com
- www.isa-racing.de
- www.demon-tweeks.co.uk
25
2.3.20
NUMBER PLATES
They must be fitted as follows:
2.3.20.1
They must be rectangular shape and made from a rigid and solid
material with minimum measurements 285 mm x 235 mm (see diagram 0).
2.3.20.2
The plates curved not more than 50 mm out of a true plane must not
be covered or bent.
2.3.20.3
The allocated number (& plate) for the rider must be affixed in such a
manner as to be clearly visible on the machine as follows:
- once on the front, either in the centre of the fairing or slightly off to one side;
- once, on each side of the motorcycle. Alternatively, once across the top of the
rear seat section with the top of the number towards the rider. These numbers
must be the same size as the front numbers.
2.3.20.4
In place of separate plates, a space of equivalent size in matt colours
can be painted or fixed on the bodywork or streamlining,
2.3.20.5
The figures must be clearly legible and like the background must be
painted in matt colours to avoid reflection from sunlight. The minimum dimensions
of the letters being:
Height of figure:
Width of figure:
Width of stroke:
Space between 2 figures:
2.3.20.6
140 mm
80 mm
25 mm
15 mm
Figures must conform to one of the forms as printed in diagram 0.
2.3.20.7
All other number plates or markings on a motorcycle liable to cause
confusion with the number must be removed before the start of a competition.
26
2.3.20.8
A space of at least 5 cm must be left free around all number plates in
which no advertising may appear. Riders of those motorcycles with number plates
that do not comply with this rule will not be passed by the Chief Technical Steward
for the race.
2.3.20.9
Number plate colours
The background colours and figures vary according to the class of motorcycle and
the type of competition, the details being indicated in the SR for each meeting. The
following colours shall be used; and they must be matt colours following the RAL
colour table, i.e.:
BLACK
BLUE
YELLOW
ORANGE
2.3.20.10
White background
Black background
Green background
Yellow background
White background
Black numbers
White numbers
White numbers
Black numbers
Black numbers
Black background
White background
Red background
Red background
Yellow numbers
Blue numbers
Yellow numbers
White numbers
Yellow background
White background
Orange background
Black numbers
Black numbers
Black numbers
Drag Bikes
Pro Stock
Competition Bike
Super Twins
2.3.20.13
3020
6002
9010
Supermono, Supersport
Supermono
Supersport 600
Superstock 600
Superstock 1000
2.3.20.12
RED
GREEN
WHITE
Road Races
3 wheelers and 85cc
125cc
250cc
500cc
1000cc
2.3.20.11
9005
5010
1003
2007
Automatic 50cc
European Throphy
50cc Scooters
Group 2
Group 3
Mopeds
Standard class
Modified
Prototypes
Modified
Black background/white numbers
Yellow background/black numbers
White background/black numbers
Black background/white numbers
Blue background/white numbers
2.3.20.14
In case of a dispute concerning the legibility of numbers, the decision
of the Technical Steward will be final.
27
2.3.21
FUEL AND OIL TANKS
(with the exception of Dragsters and Sprinters)
2.3.21.1
The maximum capacities of fuel tanks in solo competitions are:
Prototypes
Supersport
Superstock
24 litres
As homologated
As homologated
Sidecars
24 litres
2.3.21.2
Fuel must be contained in a single tank securely fixed to the machine.
Seat tanks and auxiliary tanks are forbidden. The use of a quickly detachable
replacement tank as a means of refuelling is strictly forbidden in all types of
competition.
2.3.21.3
Moreover, the use of temporary filling material to reduce the capacity
of a tank is forbidden.
2.3.21.4
Fuel tank must be completely filled with fuel cell foam (preferably with
"Explosafe®").
2.3.21.5
Oil catch tanks and breather systems
Where an oil breather pipe is fitted, the outlet must discharge into a catch tank
located in an easily accessible position and which must be emptied before the start
of a race.
The minimum size of a catch tank shall be 250 cc for the gear and 500 cc for the
engine (with exception of Supersport and Superstock motorcycles).
All 4-stroke motorcycles must have a closed breather system. The oil breather line
must be connected and discharge in the airbox (See Diagram C).
All possible measures must be taken to prevent the possible loss of waste oil so
that it does not hinder a following rider.
2.3.21.6
Oil drain plugs and supply pipes
All oil drain plugs must be tight and must be drilled and wired in position. Oil supply
lines must be correctly and securely wired in position. External oil filters and screws
or bolts that enter an oil cavity must be safety wired.
2.3.21.7
Fuel tank breather pipes
Non-return valves must be fitted to fuel tank breather pipes and these have to
discharge into a catch tank with a minimum volume of 250 cc made of a suitable
material.
28
2.3.21.8
Fuel and oil filler caps
Fuel and oil filler caps, when closed, must be leak proof. Additionally, they must be
securely locked to prevent accidental opening at any time.
2.5
SUPERSPORT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Rules intended to permit changes to the homologated motorcycle in the interest of
safety.
EVERYTHING THAT IS NOT AUTHORISED AND PRESCRIBED IN THIS RULE
IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN
Supersport motorcycles require an FIM homologation (see Art. 2.9). All motorcycles
must comply in every respect with all the requirements for Road Racing as specified
in the Technical Regulations, unless it is equipped as such on the homologated
machine.
The appearance from both front, rear and the profile of Supersport motorcycles
must (except when otherwise stated) conform to the homologated shape (as
originally produced by the manufacturer. The appearance of the exhaust system is
excluded from this rule.
2.5.1
Machine specifications
All items not mentioned in the following articles must remain as originally produced
by the manufacturer for the homologated machine.
2.5.2
Displacement capacities
Over 400cc up to 600cc
Over 500cc up to 675cc
Over 600cc up to 750cc
4 stroke
4 stroke
4 stroke
4 cylinders
3 cylinders
2 cylinders
The displacement capacities must remain at the homologated size. Modifying the
bore and stroke to reach class limits is not allowed.
2.5.3
Minimum Weights
The minimum weights will be:
600cc
675cc
750cc
four cylinders
three cylinders
two cylinders
158 kg
162 kg
166 kg
At any time of the event, the weight of the whole machine (including the tank and its
contents) must not be less than the minimum weight with a tolerance of 1 kg.
In the final inspection at the end of the race, the checked machines will be weighed
in the condition they were at the end of the race.
29
The established weight limit must be met in the condition the machine finished the
race. Nothing can be added to the machine including water, oil, fuel or tyres.
During the practice and qualifying sessions every rider may be asked to submit his
motorcycle to a weight control. In any case the rider and team must comply with this
request.
The use of ballast is allowed to stay over the minimum weight limit. The use of
ballast must be declared to the Chief Technical Steward at the preliminary checks.
2.5.4
Number Plate Colours
The background colours and figures (numbers) for Supersport are a white
background with blue numbers: the RAL colour table values being 5010 for blue and
9010 for white.
The sizes for all the front numbers are: Minimum height:
Minimum width:
Minimum stroke:
160 mm
80 mm
25 mm
The sizes for all the side numbers are: Minimum height:
Minimum width:
Minimum stroke:
120 mm
60 mm
25 mm
The allocated number (& plate) for the rider must be affixed on the machine as
follows:
• once on the front, either in the centre of the fairing or slightly off to one side;
• once, on each side of the motorcycle. Alternatively, once across the top of the
rear seat section with the top of the number towards the rider.
These numbers must have the same size as the front numbers.
In case of a dispute concerning the legibility of numbers, the decision of the Chief
Technical Steward will be final.
2.5.5
Fuel
All engines must function on normal unleaded fuel with a maximum lead content of
0.005 g/l (unleaded) and a maximum MON of 90 (see also Art. 2.10 for full fuel
specifications).
2.5.6
Tyres
Tyres must be a fully molded type carrying all size and sidewall marking of the tyres
for commercial sale to the public.
Tyres of W rating must be used.
The depth of the tyre treads must be at least 2.5 mm over the entire tyre pattern
width at a pre-race control.
30
The tyres must have a positive and negative tread of 96% positive and minimum 4%
negative (land and sea ratio). The maximum distance from the external edge of the
tyre to 50% of the tread elements is 35 mm.
Each size, front and rear, must be available with the same tread pattern as the
commercial tyres for the road use.
The tyres must have a DOT and/or E mark. The DOT and/or E mark must appear
on the tyre sidewall.
Only when a race or practice has been declared “wet”, the use of a special tyre
commonly known as a full wet tyre is allowed.
Wet tyres must be a fully moulded tyre, no hand cutting is allowed on molded tyres.
The use of hand-cut tyres is not allowed.
Wet tyres do not need to carry DOT or E marks; however these tyres must be
marked “Not for Highway Use” or “NHS”.
2.5.8
Engine
2.5.8.1
Carburation Instruments / Fuel injection system
Carburation instruments refer to throttle bodies and variable length intake tract
devices.
Carburation instruments must be standard units as on the homologated model.
Throttle bodies intake insulators may be modified.
The injectors must be standard units as on the homologated motorcycle.
Bell mouths, including their fixing points, may be altered or replaced from those
fitted by the manufacturer on the homologated machine.
Butterfly cannot be changed or modified.
2.5.8.2
Cylinder Head
Cylinder head must be as homologated. The following modifications are allowed.
1. Grinding of the cylinder head surface on the side of the gasket;
2. Modifications of the inlet and exhaust ports by taking off or adding
material (welding is forbidden);
3. Original homologated valves guides may be cut or modified, but only on
4. Polishing of the combustion chamber;
5. Original valve seats must be used, but modifications are allowed to the
shape;
31
6. Compression ratio is free, but the combustion chamber may be modified
only by taking material off.
It is forbidden to add any material to the cylinder head unless as described
above.
The compression ratio is free.
The combustion chamber may be modified.
Rocker arms (if any) must remain as homologated (material and dimensions).
Valves may be altered or replaced and the material may be changed, but
maximum diameters and minimum weights must remain as homologated.
The use of titanium valves is permitted only if the homologated machines
are equipped with such kind of valves.
Valve springs may be changed.
Valve spring retainers may be replaced or modified, but their weight must be the
same or higher than the original ones
2.5.8.3
Camshaft
The method of drive must remain as homologated.
The duration is free but the lift must remain as homologated.
The cam chain or cam belt tensioning device(s) are free.
At the technical checks: for direct cam drive systems, the cam lobe lift is measured;
for non direct cam drive systems (i.e. with rocker arms), the valve lift is measured.
2.5.8.4
Cam Sprockets or Gears
Cam sprockets or cam gears may be modified or replaced to allow the degreeing of
camshafts.
2.5.8.5
Cylinders
Cylinders must remain as homologated.
Only the following modifications to the cylinders are allowed. Cylinder head gasket
surface may be machined to allow the adjustment of compression ratio or
resurfacing to repair a warped cylinder surface deck.
Homologated materials and castings for cylinders must be used. The surface finish
of the cylinder bore must remain as homologated.
Cylinder capacity must remain at the homologated size.
32
2.5.8.6
Pistons
Pistons must remain as homologated.
Polishing and lightening is not allowed.
2.5.8.7
Piston Rings
Piston rings must remain as homologated. No modifications are allowed.
2.5.8.8
Piston Pins and Clips
Piston pins and clips must remain as homologated. No modifications are allowed.
2.5.8.9
Connecting Rods
Connecting rods must remain as homologated.
Polishing and lightening is not allowed.
2.5.8.10
Crankshaft
Crankshaft must remain as homologated without modification.
Polishing and lightening is not allowed.
Modifications of the flywheels are not allowed.
2.5.8.11
Crankcase / Gearbox and all other Engine cases
(i.e. ignition case, clutch case ).
Crankcases must remain as homologated. No modifications are allowed (including
painting, polishing and lightening).
Other engine cases must be made of the homologated material with exclusion of
lateral side covers.
Lateral (side) covers may be altered, modified or replaced. If altered or
modified, the cover must have at least the same resistance to impact as the
original one. If replaced, the cover must be made in material of same or higher
specific weight and the total weight of the cover must not be less than the
original one.
Engine case guards in the form of strengthened engine side covers may be
installed. These covers must be no lighter in weight than the standard part.
All lateral covers/engine cases containing oil and which could be in contact with the
ground during a crash, must be protected by a second cover made from composite
materials, type carbon or Kevlar®, aluminium or steel plates and/or bars are also
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permitted. All these devices must be designed to be resistant against sudden
shocks and must be fixed properly and securely.
Holes may be added in dry clutch covers to allow additional cooling.
The countershaft cover may be removed.
The addition of a crankcase protector at the countershaft is allowed.
2.5.8.12
Transmission / Gearbox
All transmission/gearbox ratios are free.
The number of gears must remain as homologated.
Primary gears must remain as homologated.
Quick-shift systems are allowed.
Countershaft sprocket, rear wheel sprocket, chain pitch and size may be changed.
Chain guard as long as it is not incorporated in the rear fender may be removed.
2.5.8.13
Clutch
Clutch type (wet or dry) and the way of operation (by cable or hydraulic) must
remain as homologated.
Friction and drive discs may be changed.
Clutch springs may be changed.
The clutch basket (outer) may be reinforced.
The original clutch assembly may be modified for back torque limiting capabilities
(slipper type).
It is allowed to change to an aftermarket clutch with back torque limiting capabilities
(slipper type).
The use of electro-mechanical or electro-hydraulic actuating systems are not
allowed.
2.5.8.14
Oil Pumps, water pumps and Oil Lines
Modifications are allowed but pump housing, mounting points and oil feed points
must stay as original.
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Oil lines may be modified or replaced. Oil lines containing positive pressure, if
replaced, must be of metal reinforced construction with swaged or treaded
connectors.
The internal parts of the water pump may be changed or modified. The drive ratio
may be changed. The external appearance must remain as homologated.
2.5.8.15
Radiator and oil-coolers
The radiator may be changed only if it fits in the standard location and does not
require any modifications to the main frame or to the fairings’ outer appearance.
Modifications to the existing oil-cooler are allowed only if it does not require any
modifications to the main frame or to the fairings’ outer appearance. A heat
exchanger (oil/water) may be exchanged by an oil-cooler.
Radiator fan and wiring may be changed, modified or removed.
Additional oil coolers are not allowed.
Oil cooler must not be mounted on or above the rear mudguard.
2.5.8.16
Air Box
The air box must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer on
homologated machine.
The air filter element may be removed or replaced.
The air box drains must be sealed.
All motorcycles must have a closed breather system. All oil breather lines must be
connected and discharge in the air box.
The original air ducts running from the fairing to the air box may be altered or
replaced.
2.5.8.17
Fuel Supply
Fuel lines may be replaced from the fuel petcock (this part excluded) to the delivery
pipe assy (excluded).
Quick connectors or dry brake quick connectors may be used.
Fuel vent lines may be replaced.
Fuel filters may be added.
No modification of the fuel pump is allowed. Original pressure regulator may be
modified or changed.
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2.5.8.18
Exhaust System
Exhaust pipes and silencers may be modified or changed. Catalytic converters must
be removed.
The number of final exhaust silencer(s) must remain as homologated. The
silencer(s) must be on the same side(s) of the homologated model.
For safety reasons, the exposed edge(s) of the exhaust pipe(s) outlet(s) must be
rounded to avoid any sharp edges.
Wrapping of exhaust systems is not allowed except in the area of the riders foot or
an area in contact with the fairing for protection from heat.
The noise limit for Supersport will be 102 dB/A (with a 3 dB/A tolerance after the
race).
2.5.9
Electrics and Electronics
Connectors and switches are free.
2.5.9.1
Ignition/Engine Control System (ECU)
Ignition/engine control system (ECU) may be modified or changed.
Spark plugs, plug caps and wires may be replaced.
2.5.9.2
Generator, alternator, electric starter
Generator may be modified, removed or replaced.
The electric starter must operate normally and always be able to start the engine
during the practices and race.
2.5.9.3
Additional Equipment
Additional electronic hardware equipment not on the original homologated
motorcycle may be added (e.g. data acquisition, computers, recording equipment,
traction control).
The addition of a device for infra red (IR) transmission of a signal between the
racing rider and his team, used exclusively for lap timing, is allowed.
The addition of a GPS unit for lap timing/scoring purposes is allowed.
Telemetry is not allowed.
2.5.9.4
Wiring Harness
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The wiring harness may be altered or replaced. Additional wiring harnesses may be
added.
Cutting of the wiring harness is allowed.
2.5.9.5
Battery
The size and type of battery may be changed and relocated. Additional batteries
may be added.
2.5.10
Frame and Body
2.5.10.1
Frame Body and Rear sub-frame
The frame must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for the
homologated machine.
Holes may be drilled on the frame only to fix approved components (i.e. fairing
brackets, steering damper mount, sensors).
The sides of the frame-body may be covered by a protective part made of a
composite material. These protectors must fit the form of the frame.
Nothing else may be added or removed from the frame body.
All motorcycles must display a vehicle identification number on the frame body
(chassis number).
Engine mounting brackets or plates must remain as originally produced by the
manufacturer for the homologated machine.
Additional seat brackets may be added, non-stressed protruding brackets may be
removed if they do not affect the safety of the construction or assembly. Bolt-on
accessories to the rear sub-frame may be removed.
The paint scheme is not restricted but polishing the frame body or sub-frame is not
allowed.
2.5.10.2
Front Forks
Forks must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for the homologated
machine.
Standard original internal parts of the forks may be modified or changed. No
aftermarket or prototype electronically-controlled suspension parts maybe
used. If original electronic suspensions are used, they must be completely
standard (any mechanical or electronic part must remain as homologated).
The original electronic system must work properly in the event of an
electric/electronic failure otherwise it cannot be homologated for FIM
competitions.
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After market damper kits or valves may be installed.
Fork springs may be modified or replaced.
Fork caps may be modified or replaced to allow external adjustment.
Dust seals may be modified, changed or removed if the fork is totally oil-sealed.
The original surface finish of the fork tubes (stanchions, fork pipes) may be
changed. Additional surface treatments are allowed.
The upper and lower fork clamps (triple clamp, fork bridges) must remain as
originally produced by the manufacturer on the homologated machine.
The steering damper may be added or replaced with an aftermarket damper.
The steering damper cannot act as a steering lock limiting device.
2.5.10.3
Rear Fork (Swing arm)
The rear fork must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for the
homologated machine. A chain guard must be fitted in such a way to reduce the
possibility that any part of the riders’ body must become trapped between the lower
chain run and the rear wheel sprocket.
Rear fork pivot bolt must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for the
homologated machine.
Rear axle chain adjuster may be modified or changed.
Rear wheel stand brackets may be added to the rear fork by welding or by bolts.
Brackets must have rounded edges (with a large radius). Fastening screws must be
recessed. An anchorage system or point(s) to keep the original rear brake caliper in
place may be added to the rear swing-arm.
2.5.10.4
Rear Suspension Unit
Rear suspension unit may be changed or modified. The original attachments of the
frame and rear fork must be as homologated.
Rear suspension unit spring(s) may be changed. No aftermarket or prototype
electronically-controlled suspension unit maybe used. If original electronic
unit is used, it must be completely standard (any mechanical or electronic
part must remain as homologated). The original electronic system must work
properly in the event of an electric/electronic failure otherwise it cannot be
homologated for FIM competitions.
Rear suspension linkage must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer
for the homologated machine.
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2.5.10.5
Wheels
Wheels must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer at the time of sale
into the dealer/distributor network for the homologated machine.
Any inner tube (if fitted) or inflation valves may be used.
Wheel balance weights may be discarded, changed or added to.
The speedometer drive may be removed and replaced with a spacer.
If the original design included a cushion drive for the rear wheel, it must remain as
originally produced for the homologated machine.
Front and rear wheel axles must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer
for the homologated machine.
Wheel diameter and rim width must remain as originally homologated.
2.5.10.6
Brakes
Front and rear brake discs may be changed but must fit the original caliper and
mounting. However, the outside diameter, the ventilation system must remain as
originally produced by the manufacturer for the homologated machine. Internally
ventilated discs are not allowed if not homologated on the original model.
The brake disc carriers may be changed, but must retain the same off set and same
type of mounting to the wheels.
Replacement brake discs must be of ferrous material.
Front and rear brake calipers as well as all the mounting points and mounting
hardware (mount, carrier, hanger) must remain as originally produced by the
manufacturer for the homologated machine (see Art. 2.5.10.3)
The front master cylinder must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer
for the homologated machine, hand lever excluded.
Rear master cylinder must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for
the homologated machine.
Front and rear hydraulic brake lines may be changed. The brake fluid reservoir may
be replaced and/or repositioned. Quick connectors may be used. The split of the
front brake lines for both front brake calipers must be made above the lower edge of
fork bridge (lower triple clamp).
Front and rear brake pads may be changed. Brake pad locking pins may be
modified for quick change type.
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Additional air ducts are not allowed.
2.5.10.7
Handle Bars and Hand Controls
Handle bars, throttle assembly and associated cables, hand controls and levers
may be replaced (does not include brake master cylinder).
Handle bars and hand controls may be relocated.
Throttle controls must be self-closing when not held by the hand.
Electric starter switch and engine stop switch must be located on the handle bars.
2.5.10.8
Foot Rest/Foot Controls
Foot rest/foot controls may be relocated but brackets must be mounted to the frame
at the original mounting points.
Foot rests may be rigidly mounted or a folding type which must incorporate a device
to return them to the normal position.
The end of the foot rest must have at least an 8 mm solid spherical radius. (see
diagram A & C).
Non folding footrests must have an end (plug) which is permanently fixed, made of
aluminium, plastic, Teflon® or an equivalent type material (minimum radius 8mm).
The plug surface must be designed to reach the widest possible area. The Chief
Technical Steward has the right to refuse any plug not satisfying this safety aim.
2.5.10.9
Fuel Tank
Fuel tank must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for the
homologated machine.
All fuel tanks must be completely filled with fire retardant material (open-celled
mesh, i.e. "Explosafe®").
Fuel tanks with tank breather pipes must be fitted with non-return valves that
discharge into a catch tank with a minimum volume of 250 cc made of a suitable
material.
Fuel caps may be changed. Fuel caps when closed, must be leak proof.
Additionally, they must be securely locked to prevent accidental opening at any
time.
2.5.10.10
Fairing/bodywork
a) Fairing, front mudguards and body work must appear to be as originally
produced by the manufacturer for the homologated machine.
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b) Fairing and body work may be replaced with cosmetic duplicates of the
original parts. The material may be changed. The use of carbon fibre or
Kevlar® materials is allowed.
c) Size and dimensions must be the same as the original parts without any
addition or subtractions of design elements.
d) Wind screen may be replaced with transparent material only.
e) The original combination instrument/fairing brackets may be replaced. All
other fairing brackets may be altered or replaced.
f)
The original air ducts running between the fairing and the air box may be
altered or replaced.
g) The original air ducts into the airbox may be altered or replaced.
h) The lower fairing has to be constructed to hold, in case of an engine
breakdown, at least half of the total oil and engine coolant capacity used in
the engine (minimum 5 litrs). The lower edge of openings in the fairing must
be positioned at least 50 mm above the bottom of the fairing.
i)
The lower fairing must incorporate a hole of 25 mm in the bottom of the
front lower area. This hole must remain closed in dry conditions and must
be only opened in wet race conditions as declared by the Race Director.
j)
Minimal changes are allowed to permit the use of an elevator (stand) for
wheel changes and to add a small plastic protective cone to the frame or
engine.
k) Front mudguard must appear as originally supplied by the manufacturer for
the homologated machine.
l)
Front mudguard may be replaced with cosmetic duplicates of the original
parts.
m) Front mudguard may be spaced upward for increased tyre clearance.
n) Rear mudguard fixed on the swing-arm may be replaced with cosmetic
duplicates of the original parts.
o) Rear mudguards fixed on the swing-arm which incorporate the chain guard
may be modified to accommodate larger diameter rear sprockets.
p) The existing rear mudguard under the seat may be removed. A mudguard
may be fitted directly onto the swing-arm (it may not cover more than 120
degrees of the wheel).
2.5.10.11
Seat
41
Seat, seat base and associated body work may be replaced with parts of similar
appearance as originally produced by the manufacturer for the homologated
machine. The use of carbon fibre or carbon composite materials is allowed.
The top portion of the rear body work around the seat may be modified to a solo
seat.
Holes may be drilled in the seat or rear cowl to allow additional cooling. Holes which
are bigger than 10mm must be covered with metal gauze or fine mesh. Mesh must
be painted to match the surrounding material.
The appearance from both front rear and profile must conform in principle to the
homologated shape.
The seat/rear cowl replacement must allow for proper number display.
All exposed edges must be rounded.
2.5.10.12
Fasteners
Standard fasteners may be replaced with fasteners of any material and design.
Aluminium fasteners may only be used in non-structural locations.
Titanium fasteners may be used in structural locations, but the strength and design
must be equal to or exceed the strength of the standard fastener it is replacing.
Special steel fasteners may be used in structural locations, but the strength and
design must be equal to or exceed the strength of the standard fastener it is
replacing.
Fasteners may be drilled for safety wire, but intentional weight-saving modifications
are not allowed.
Fairing/body work fasteners may be changed to the quick disconnect type.
2.5.11
The following items MAY BE altered or replaced from those fitted
to the homologated motorcycle
Any type of lubrication, brake or suspension fluid may be used.
Bearings (ball, roller, taper, plain, etc.) of any type or brand may be used.
Gaskets and gasket materials.
Painted external surface finishes and decals.
It is recommended that machines be equipped with a red light on the
instrument panel. This red light must flash in the event of oil pressure drop.
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2.5.12
The following items MAY BE removed
Emission control items (anti-pollution) in or around the air box and engine (O2
sensors, air injection devices)
Tachometer.
Speedometer and related wheel spacers.
Bolt on accessories on a rear sub frame.
2.5.13
The Following Items MUST BE removed
Headlamp, rear lamp and turn signal indicators (when not incorporated in the
fairing). Openings must be covered by suitable materials.
Rear-view mirrors.
Horn.
License plate bracket.
Tool box.
Helmet hooks and luggage carrier hooks
Passenger foot rests.
Passenger grab rails.
Safety bars, centre and side stands must be removed (fixed brackets must remain).
2.5.14
The following items MUST BE altered
Motorcycles must be equipped with a functional ignition kill-switch or -button
mounted at least on one side of the handlebar (within reach of the hand while on the
hand grips) that is capable of stopping a running engine.
All drain plugs must be wired. External oil filter(s) screws and bolts that enter an oil
cavity must be safety wired (i.e. on crankcases, oil lines, oil coolers, etc.)
All motorcycles must have a closed breather system. The oil breather line must be
connected and discharge in the air box.
Where breather or overflow pipes are fitted they must discharge via existing outlets.
The original closed system must be retained, no direct atmospheric emission is
permitted.
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2.7
SUPERSTOCK 600 - 1000 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Rules intended to limit changes to the homologated motorcycle in the interests of
safety.
EVERYTHING THAT IS NOT AUTHORISED AND PRESCRIBED IN THIS RULE
IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN
The motorcycle must be homologated by the original manufacturer only. The
respective model will be eligible for Superstock (SST) 600 or for Superstock (SST)
1000 competition, for a maximum period of 5 years.
As the name Superstock implies, the machines used are allowed limited
modifications. Most modifications are only allowed for safety reasons.
Superstock motorcycles require an FIM homologation (see Art. 2.9 FIM Rule book
concerning the World Championship rules for Superbike - Supersport and
Superstock FIM Cup). All motorcycles must comply in every respect with all the
requirements for Road Racing as specified in these Regulations, unless it is
equipped as such on the homologated machine.
The appearance from both front, rear and the profile of Superstock motorcycles
must (except when otherwise stated) conform to the homologated shape (as
originally produced by the manufacturer). The appearance of the exhaust system is
excluded from this rule.
2.7.1
Machine specifications
All items not mentioned in the following articles must remain as originally produced
by the manufacturer for the homologated machine
2.7.2
Displacement capacities
Superstock 600
Over 400cc up to 600cc
Over 500cc up to 675cc
Over 600cc up to 750cc
4 stroke
4 stroke
4 stroke
4 cylinders
3 cylinders
2 cylinders
Superstock 1000
Over 600cc up to 1000cc
Over 750cc up to 1000cc
Over 850cc up to 1200cc
4-stroke
4-stroke
4-stroke
4 cylinders
3 cylinders
2 cylinders
The displacement capacities must remain at the homologated size. Modifying the
bore and stroke to reach class limits is not allowed.
2.7.3
Minimum Weights
44
The FIM decides the minimum weight value for a homologated model as sold to the
public by determining its dry weight.
The dry weight of a homologated motorcycle is defined as the total weight of the
empty motorcycle as produced by the manufacturer (after removal of fuel, vehicle
number plate, tools and main stand when fitted). To confirm the dry weight a
minimum of three (3) motorcycles are weighed and compared. The result is rounded
off to the nearest digit.
SST 600 machines : - minimum weight = dry weight minus 12 kg
Starting with all 2007 SST 600 models:
- minimum weight = dry weight minus 9 kg
SST 1000 machines: - minimum weight = dry weight minus 12 kg.
At any time of the event, the weight of the whole machine (including the tank and its
contents) must not be less than the minimum weight, with a tolerance of 1 kg.
In the final inspection at the end of the race, the checked machines will be weighed
in the condition they were at the end of the race.
2.7.4
Number Plate Colours
The background colours and figures for SST 600 are red background with yellow
numbers. Conform to the RAL colours, red 3020 and yellow 1003.
The background colours and figures (numbers) for SST 1000 are red background
with white numbers. Conform to the RAL colours, red 3020 and white 9010.
The sizes for all the front numbers are:
Minimum height:
Minimum width:
Minimum stroke:
160 mm
80 mm
25 mm
The sizes for all the side numbers are:
Minimum height:
Minimum width:
Minimum stroke:
120 mm
60 mm
25 mm
The allocated number (& plate) for the rider must be affixed on the machine as
follows:
• once on the front, either in the centre of the fairing or slightly off to one side;
• once, on each side of the motorcycle. Alternatively, once across the top of the
rear seat section with the top of the number towards the rider.
These numbers must have the same size as the front numbers.
In case of a dispute concerning the legibility of numbers, the decision of the Chief
Technical Steward will be final.
2.7.5
Fuel
45
All engines must function on normal unleaded fuel with a maximum lead content of
0.005 g/l (unleaded) and a maximum MON of 90 (see Art. 2.10.1 for full
specification)
2.7.6
Tyres
Tyres must be a fully molded type carrying all size and sidewall marking of the tyres
for commercial sale to public.
Tyres with a minimum W rating must be used.
The depth of the tyre treads must be at least 2,5 mm. over the entire tyre pattern
width at a pre-race control.
The tyres must have a positive and negative tread of 96% positive and minimum 4
% negative (land and sea ratio) .
The maximum distance from the external edge of the tyre to 50% of the tread
elements is 35 mm.
Each size, front and rear, must be available with the same tread pattern as the
commercial tyres for road use.
The tyres must have a DOT and/or E-mark, the DOT and/or E-mark must be on the
tyre sidewall.
Only when a race or practice has been declared “wet”, the use of a special tyre
commonly known as a full wet tyre is allowed.
Wet tyres must be a fully molded tyre, no hand cutting is allowed on molded tyres.
The use of hand-cut tyres is not allowed.
Wet tyres do not need to carry a DOT and/or E-marks; however these tyres must be
marked “not for highway use” or “NHS”.
The use of tyre warmers is allowed.
All items not mentioned in the following articles must remain as originally produced
by the manufacturer for the homologated machine.
2.7.8
Engine
2.7.8.1
Carburation Instruments / Fuel Injection System
Carburation instruments refer to throttle bodies and variable length intake tract
devices.
Carburation instruments must be standard units as on the homologated model.
46
Bell mouths must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for the
homologated machine.
The injectors must remain standard units as on the homologated motorcycle.
2.7.8.2
Cylinder Head
No modifications are allowed.
No material may be added or removed from the cylinder head.
The cylinder head gasket may be changed.
The valves, valve seats, guides, springs, tappets, oil seals, shims, cotter valve,
spring base and spring retainers must be as originally produced by the
manufacturer for the homologated machine. Only normal maintenance interventions
as prescribed by the Manufacturer in the model’s Service Manual are authorised.
Valve spring shims are not allowed.
2.7.8.3
Camshaft
No modifications are allowed.
At the technical checks: for direct cam drive systems, the cam lobe lift is measured;
for non direct cam drive systems (i.e. with rocker arms), the valve lift is measured.
The timing of the camshaft is free, however no machining of the camshaft sprocket
is authorised.
2.7.8.4
Cam sprockets or Gears
No dimensional modifications are allowed.
2.7.8.5
Cylinders
No modifications are allowed.
2.7.8.6
Pistons
No modifications are allowed (including polishing and lightening).
2.7.8.7
Piston rings
No modifications are allowed.
2.7.8.8
Piston pins and Clips
No modifications are allowed.
47
2.7.8.9
Connecting rods
No modifications are allowed (including polishing and lightening).
2.7.8.10
Crankshaft
No modifications are allowed (including polishing and lightening).
2.7.8.11
Crankcase and all other Engine Cases
(i.e. ignition case, clutch case, etc.)
No modifications to the crankcases are allowed (including painting, polishing and
lightening).
Lateral (side) covers may be altered, modified or replaced. If altered or modified,
the cover must have at least the same resistance to impact as the original one. If
replaced, the cover must be made in material of same or higher specific weight and
the total weight of the cover must not be less than the original one.
All lateral covers/engine cases containing oil and which could be in contact with the
ground during a crash, must be protected by a second cover made from composite
materials, type carbon or Kevlar®, aluminium or steel plates and/or bars are also
permitted. All these devices must be designed to be resistant against sudden
shocks and must be fixed properly and securely.
2.7.8.12
Transmission / Gearbox
An external quick-shift system on the gear selector (including wire and
potentiometer) may be added.
Other modifications to gearbox or selector mechanism are not allowed.
Countershaft sprocket, rear wheel sprocket, chain pitch and size may be changed.
The sprocket cover may be modified or eliminated.
2.7.8.13
Clutch
No modifications are allowed.
Only friction and drive discs may be changed, but their number must remain as
original.
Clutch springs may be changed.
2.7.8.14
Oil pumps and Oil lines
No pump modifications are allowed.
48
Oil lines may be modified or replaced. Oil lines containing positive pressure, if
replaced, must be of metal reinforced construction with swaged or threaded
connectors.
2.7.8.15
Radiator, cooling system and oil coolers
Protective meshes may be added in front of the oil and/or water radiator(s).
The radiator tubes to and from the engine may be changed, but the system must be
maintained, with its original tanks.
Radiator fan and wiring may be removed. Thermal switches, water temperature
sensor and thermostat may be removed inside the cooling system.
Radiator cap is free.
An additional water radiator may be fitted but the appearance of the front, the rear
and the profile of the motorcycle must not be changed. Extra mounting brackets to
accommodate the additional radiator are permitted.
2.7.8.16
Air box
The air box must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer on the
homologated machine but the air box drains must be sealed.
The air filter element may be modified or replaced.
All motorcycles must have a closed breather system. All the oil breather lines must
be connected and discharge in the airbox.
2.7.8.17
Fuel supply
Fuel lines from the fuel tank to the delivery pipe assembly (excluded) may be
replaced but the fuel petcock must remain as originally produced by the
manufacturer.
Quick connectors or dry break quick connectors may be used.
Fuel pressure regulator may be modified or changed
Fuel vent lines may be replaced.
Fuel filters may be added.
2.7.8.18
Exhaust system
Exhaust pipes and silencers may be modified or changed. Catalytic converters must
be removed.
49
The number of the final exhaust silencer(s) must remain as homologated. The
silencer(s) must be on the same side(s) of the homologated model.
For safety reasons, the exposed edges of the exhausts pipe(s) outlet must be
rounded to avoid any sharp edges.
Wrapping of exhaust systems is not allowed except in the area of the riders foot or
an area in contact with the fairing for protection from heat.
The maximum noise limit for Superstock (600 and 1000) shall be 102 dB/A (with a 3
dB/A tolerance after the race).
2.7.9
Electrics and Electronics
2.7.9.1
Ignition / Engine Control System (ECU)
The engine control unit (ECU) must be either:
a) As Homologated and inner software may be changed.
b) Or the ECU kit model (produced and/or approved by the machine
Manufacturer) may be used. A special connector may be used to connect ECU
and the original wire loom.
The retail price of the full system (software included) must not be more than
1.5 times higher than the price of the original system.
c) In addition to option a) and b) mentioned above, external ignition and/or
injection module/s may be added to the standard production ECU, but their
total retail price cannot be higher than the complete ECU kit.
Central unit (ECU) may be relocated.
Spark plugs may be replaced.
2.7.9.2
Generator, alternator, electric starter
No modifications are allowed.
The electric starter must operate normally and always be able to start the engine
during the event.
2.7.9.3
Additional equipment
Additional electronic hardware equipment not on the original homologated
motorcycle cannot be added (e.g. data acquisition, computers, recording
equipment). Original instruments may be altered or replaced. (see also 2.7.11).
The addition of a device for infra red (IR) transmission of a signal between the
racing rider and his team, used exclusively for lap timing, is allowed.
The addition of a GPS unit for lap timing/scoring purposes is allowed.
50
Telemetry is not allowed.
2.7.9.4
Wiring harness
The original wire-loom may be modified as indicated hereafter:
The wiring loom may be replaced by the ‘kit’ wire harness loom, as supplied for the
ECU Kit model, produced or approved by the Manufacturer of the motorcycle.
The wiring loom and the key/ignition lock may be relocated or replaced.
Cutting of the wiring harness is not allowed.
2.7.9.5
Battery
The battery may be replaced. If replaced, its nominal capacity must be equal
to or higher than the homologated type.
2.7.10
Frame and body
2.7.10.1
Frame body and Rear sub frame
Frame must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for the homologated
machine. The sides of the frame-body may be covered by a protective part made of
a composite material. These protectors must fit the form of the frame.
Holes may be drilled on the frame only to fix approved components (i.e. fairing
brackets, steering damper mount).
Nothing may be added by welding or removed by machining from the frame body.
All motorcycles must display the manufacturers’ vehicle identification number on the
frame body (chassis number).
Engine mounting brackets or plates must remain as originally produced by the
manufacturer for the homologated machine.
Rear sub frame may be changed or altered, but the type of material must remain as
homologated, or of higher specific weight.
Additional seat brackets may be added, non-stressed protruding brackets may be
removed if they do not affect the safety of the construction or assembly. Bolt-on
accessories to the rear sub-frame may be removed.
Additional seat brackets may be added but none may be removed. Bolt-on
accessories to the rear sub-frame may be removed.
The paint scheme is not restricted but polishing the frame body or sub frame is not
allowed
51
2.7.10.2
Front Forks
Forks structure (spindle, stanchions, bridges, stem, etc.) must remain as originally
produced by the manufacturer for the homologated machine.
Standard original internal parts of the forks may be modified.
After market damper kits or valves may be installed.
No aftermarket or prototype electronically-controlled suspension parts may
be used. If original electronic suspensions are used, they must be completely
standard (any mechanical or electronic part must remain as homologated).
The original electronic system must work properly in the event of an
electric/electronic failure otherwise it may not be homologated for FIM
competitions.
The fork caps may be modified or changed to add spring preload/compression
adjusters
Dust seals may be modified, changed or removed providing the fork remains totally
oil-sealed.
Any quality and quantity of oil may be used in the front forks.
The height and position of the front fork in relation to the fork crowns is free.
The upper and lower fork clamps (triple clamp, fork bridges) must remain as
originally produced by the manufacturer on the homologated machine.
Steering damper may be added or replaced with an after-market damper.
The steering damper cannot act as a steering lock limiting device.
2.7.10.3
Rear fork (Swing arm)
Every part of the rear fork must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer
for the homologated machine (including rear fork pivot bolt and rear axle adjuster).
Rear wheel stand positioning (support) brackets may be added to the rear fork by
welding or by bolts. Brackets must have rounded edges (with a large radius) viewed
from all sides. Fastening screws must be recessed.
For safety reasons, it is compulsory to use a chain guard made from rigid plastic
material, fitted in such a way to prevent trapping between the lower chain run and
the final driven sprocket at the rear wheel.
2.7.10.4
Rear suspension unit
Rear suspension unit (shock absorber) may be modified or replaced, but the original
attachments to the frame and rear fork (swing arm) must be used and the rear
52
suspension linkage must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for the
homologated machine.
Rear suspension unit spring may be changed.
No aftermarket or prototype electronically-controlled suspension unit maybe
used. If original electronic unit is used, it must be completely standard (any
mechanical or electronic part must remain as homologated). The original
electronic system must work properly in the event of an electric/electronic
failure otherwise it cannot be homologated for FIM competitions.
2.7.10.5
Wheels
Wheels must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer.
The speedometer drive may be removed and replaced with a spacer.
If the original design included a cushion drive for the rear wheel, it must remain as
originally produced for the homologated machine.
No modifications of the wheel-axles or any fixing and mounting points for front
brake caliper are authorised. Spacers may be modified. Modifications to the wheels
to keep spacers in place are permitted.
Wheel diameter and rim width must remain as originally homologated.
Wheel balance weights may be discarded, changed or added to.
Any inner tube (if fitted) or inflation valves may be used.
2.7.10.6
Brakes
Brake disks can be replaced by aftermarket discs which comply with the
following rules:
•
Brake discs and carrier must retain the same material as the homologated
disc and carrier
•
When a ‘wave’ type disc is homologated as the original part, the ‘wave’
shape of the replacement disc must remain exactly like the homologated
disc. A ‘wave’ type disc can be replaced by round disc.
•
The outside and inner diameter of the brake disc must remain the same as
on the homologated disc
•
The thickness of the brake disc may be increased by 20% and it must fit
into the homologated brake caliper without any modification.
•
The number of floaters must remain the same but the shape and type of
floaters is free
53
•
The fixing of the carrier on the wheel must remain the same like on the
homologated disc.
•
The ABS rotor wheel can be deleted, modified or replaced
The front and rear brake caliper (mount, carrier, hanger) must remain as originally
produced by the manufacturer for the homologated machine.
The rear brake caliper bracket may be mounted ‘fixed’ on the swing-arm, but the
bracket must maintain the same mounting (fixing) points for the caliper as used on
the homologated machine. A modification of these parts is authorised. The swingarm may be modified for this reason to aid the location of the rear brake caliper
bracket, by welding, drilling or by using a helicoil.
The front and rear master cylinder must remain as originally produced by the
manufacturer for the homologated machine. Front and rear brake fluid reservoir
may be changed with an aftermarket product
Front and rear hydraulic brake lines may be changed.
The split of the front brake lines for both front brake calipers must be made above
the lower fork bridge (lower triple clamp).
"Quick" (or "dry-brake") connectors in the brake lines are authorised.
Front and rear brake pads may be changed. Brake pad locking pins may be
modified for quick change type.
Additional air scoops or ducts are not allowed.
2.7.10.7
Handle Bars and Hand Controls
Handle bars may be replaced (does not include brake master cylinder).
Handle bars and hand controls may be relocated.
Throttle controls must be self closing when not held by the hand.
Throttle assembly and associated cables may be modified or replaced.
Clutch and brake lever may be exchanged by an after-market model. An adjuster to
the brake lever is allowed.
Switches may be changed but electric starter switch and engine stop switch must
be located on the handle bars.
2.7.10.8
Foot rest / Foot controls
54
Foot rest/foot controls may be relocated but brackets must be mounted to the frame
at the original mounting points. Their two original points of fixture (for the footrest,
foot-controls and on the shift shaft) must remain as original. Foot controls linkage
may be modified. The original mounting points must remain.
Foot rests may be rigidly mounted or a folding type which must incorporate a device
to return them to the normal position.
The end of the foot rest must have at least an 8 mm solid spherical radius. (see
Diagram A & C).
Non folding footrests must have an end (plug) which is permanently fixed, made of
aluminium, plastic, Teflon® or an equivalent type material (minimum radius 8mm).
The plug surface must be designed to reach the widest possible area. The Chief
Technical Steward has the right to refuse any plug not satisfying this safety aim.
2.7.10.9
Fuel tank
Fuel tank filler caps may be altered or replaced from those fitted to the homologated
motorcycle, by a ‘screw-on’ type fuel cap (SAFETY).
All fuel tanks must be completely filled with fire retardant material (open-celled
mesh, i.e. Explosafe®).
Fuel tank valve petcock must remain as originally produced by the manufacturer for
the homologated machine.
The sides of the fuel tank may be covered by a protective part made of a composite
material. These protectors must fit the shape of the fuel tank.
Fuel tanks with tank breather pipes must be fitted with non-return valves that
discharge into a catch tank with a minimum volume of 250cc made of a suitable
material.
2.7.10.10
Fairing / Body work
a) Fairing and body work may be replaced with exact cosmetic duplicates of the
original parts, but must appear to be as originally produced by the manufacturer
for the homologated machine, with slight differences due the racing use
(different pieces mix, attachment points, fairing bottom, etc). The material may
be changed. The use of carbon fibre or carbon composite materials is not
allowed.
b) Overall size and dimensions must be the same as the original part.
c) Wind screen may be replaced with a duplicate of transparent material. The
height of the windscreen is free, within a tolerance of +/- 15 mm regarding to the
vertical distance from/to the upper fork bridge.
d) Motorcycles that were not originally equipped with streamlining are not allowed
55
to add streamlining in any form, with the exception of a lower fairing device, as
described in (h). This device cannot exceed above a line drawn horizontally
from wheel axle to wheel axle.
e) The original combination instrument/fairing brackets may be replaced, but the
use of titanium and carbon (or similar composite materials) is forbidden. All
other fairing brackets may be altered or replaced.
f)
The original air ducts running between the fairing and the air box may be altered
or replaced. Carbon fibre composites and other exotic materials are forbidden.
Particle grills or “wire-meshes” originally installed in the openings for the air
ducts may be taken away.
g) The lower fairing has to be constructed to hold, in case of an engine
breakdown, at least half of the total oil and engine coolant capacity used in the
engine (minimum 5 litres). The lower edge of the openings in the fairing must be
positioned at least 50 mm above the bottom of the fairing.
h) The lower fairing must incorporate an opening of Ø 25 mm diameter in the front
lower area. This hole must remain closed in dry conditions and must be only
opened in wet race conditions as declared by the Race Director.
i)
Front mudguards may be replaced with a cosmetic duplicate of the original
parts and may be spaced upward for increased tyre clearance.
j)
Rear mudguard fixed on the swing arm may be modified or changed but the
original profile must be respected.
k) Motorcycles may be equipped with inner ducts to improve the air stream
towards the radiator but the appearance of the front, the rear and the profile of
the motorcycle must not be changed.
2.7.10.11
Seat
The appearance from both front rear and profile must conform to the homologated
shape.
Seat, seat base and associated body work may be replaced with parts of similar
appearance as originally produced by the manufacturer for the homologated
machine.
The top portion of the rear body work around the seat may be modified to a solo
seat.
The seat/rear cowl replacement must allow for proper number display.
The homologated seat locking system (with plates, pins, rubber pads etc.) may be
removed.
56
2.7.10.12
Fasteners
Standard fasteners may be replaced with fasteners of any material and design but
titanium fasteners may not be used. The strength and design must be equal to or
exceed the strength of the standard fastener it is replacing.
Fasteners may be drilled for safety wire, but intentional weights saving modifications
are not allowed.
Fairing/body work fasteners may be changed to the quick disconnect type.
Aluminium fasteners may only be used in non-structural locations.
2.7.11
The following items MAY be altered or replaced from those fitted
to the homologated motorcycle.
Any type of lubrication, brake or suspension fluid may be used.
Gaskets and gasket materials (with the exception of cylinder base gasket).
Instruments, instrument bracket(s) and associated cables.
Painted external surface finishes and decals.
Material for brackets connecting non original parts (fairing, exhaust, instruments,
etc) to the frame (or engine) cannot be made from titanium or fibre reinforced
composites.
Protective covers for engine, frame, chain, footrests, etc. may be made in other
materials like fibre composite material if these parts do not replace original parts
mounted on the homologated model.
It is recommended that machines be equipped with a red light on the
instrument panel. This light must flash in the event of oil pressure drop.
2.7.12
The Following Items MAY BE Removed
Emission control items (anti-pollution) in or around the air box and engine (O2
sensors, air injection devices).
Tachometer.
Speedometer.
Chain guard as long as it is not incorporated in the rear fender.
Bolt on accessories on a rear sub frame.
2.7.13
The Following Items MUST BE Removed
57
Headlamp, rear lamp and turn signal indicators (when not incorporated in the
fairing). Openings must be covered by suitable materials.
Rear-view mirrors.
Horn.
License plate bracket.
Toolkit.
Helmet hooks and luggage carrier hooks
Passenger foot rests.
Passenger grab rails.
Safety bars, centre and side stands must be removed (fixed brackets must remain).
2.7.14
The Following Items MUST BE Altered
Motorcycles must be equipped with a functional ignition kill switch or button
mounted at least on one side of the handlebar (within reach of the hand while on the
hand grips) that is capable of stopping a running engine.
All drain plugs must be wired. External oil filter(s) screws and bolts that enter an oil
cavity must be safety wired (i.e. on crankcases, oil lines, oil coolers, etc.)
All motorcycles must have a closed breather system. The oil breather line must be
connected and discharge in the airbox.
Where breather or overflow pipes are fitted they must discharge via existing outlets.
The original closed system must be retained, no direct atmospheric emission is
permitted.
2.8
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SUPERMONO
2.8.1
Displacement capacities
Maximum capacities:
Supermono up to 250 cc.
Single cylinder type
Supermono 250 up to 500 cc. Single cylinder type
Supermono 500 up to 800 cc. Single cylinder type
Engines may operate on the four stroke principle only.
Engines must be normally aspirated.
58
No tolerance on capacities is permitted.
Engine capacity must be measured at ambient temperature.
2.8.2
Minimum Weights
Supermono up to 250 cc.
Supermono 250 up to 500 cc.
Supermono 500 up to 800 cc.
minimum weight
Minimum weight
minimum weight
85 kg.
90 kg.
95 kg.
Ballast may be added to achieve the minimum weights, but it must be securely fixed
to the frame and must be declared to the Chief Technical Steward at the preliminary
checks.
In the final inspection at the end of the race, the machines chosen will be weighed
in the condition they finished the race. Nothing can be added to the machine
including water, oil, fuel or tyres.
A 1% tolerance in the weight of the machine at the post race control is accepted.
2.8.3
Number Plate
Racing numbers must be affixed to the front and the two sides of the motorcycle so
that they are clearly visible to the spectators and officials.
Number plates must be rectangular in shape with minimum measurements 285 mm
x 235 mm (see diagram 0).
One plate must be fixed to the front inclined not more than 30o rearwards from the
vertical. The others must be placed, one on each side of the motorcycle. They must
be fixed in such a manner as to be clearly visible and they must not be masked by
any part of the motorcycle or by the rider when seated in the driving position. Holes
can be perforated between the numbers on a front number plate. However, under
no circumstances must the actual numbers be perforated.
In place of separate plates, a space of equivalent size in matt colours can be
painted or fixed on the bodywork or streamlining.
There must be a clear area around the numbers of at least 50 mm.
The background colours and figures for Supermono are black background with
yellow numbers. With the RAL colour table values being black 9005 and yellow
being 1003.
In case of a dispute concerning the legibility of numbers, the decision of the Chief
Technical Steward will be final.
2.8.5
Fuel
59
All Supermono engines must function on normal unleaded fuel with a maximum
lead content of 0.005 g/l (unleaded) and a maximum MON of 90 (see also Art.
2.10.1 for full specification).
2.8.6
Machine Specifications
2.8.6.1
Main Frame Body
The use of titanium and/or magnesium in the construction of the frame is not
permitted.
2.8.6.2
Front Forks
The use of titanium in the construction of the front forks is not permitted. The
surface treatment is free.
There must be at least 15 degrees of movement of the steering each side of the
centre line.
Stops must be fitted to ensure a clearance of at least 30 mm between the handlebar
and the tank when at the extremes of lock.
The steering damper cannot act as a steering lock limiting device.
2.8.6.3
Rear Fork (Swing arm)
The use of titanium, magnesium and composites in the construction of the rear fork
(swing arm) spindle is not permitted.
2.8.6.4
Suspension
No restrictions.
2.8.6.5
Wheels
Maximum front wheel rim width is 4.0 in.
Maximum rear wheel rim width is 6.25 in.
Minimum wheel diameter is 16 in.
The use of titanium or any other light alloy in the construction of the wheel spindles
is not permitted.
2.8.6.6
Brakes
Supermonos must have a minimum of one brake on each wheel that is
independently operated. The use of carbon fibre or carbon composite discs is not
allowed.
60
2.8.6.7
Tyres
Racing tyres must be used.
2.8.6.8
Foot Rest/Foot Controls
Footrests may be of a folding type but in this case must be fitted with a device which
automatically returns them to the normal position, and an integral protection must
be provided at the end of the footrest.
Non folding metallic footrests must have an end (plug) which is permanently fixed,
made of plastic, Teflon® or equivalent type of material (min. radius of 8 mm).
2.8.6.9
Handlebars and Hand Controls
Handlebars must have a width of not less than 450 mm and their ends must be solid
or rubber covered. The width of the handlebar is defined as the width measured
between the outside of the handlebar grips or throttle twistgrips.
The use of titanium in the construction of handlebars is not permitted.
Throttle controls must be self closing when not held by the hand.
Levers must not be longer than 200 mm measured from the pivot point.
Engine stop switch must be located on the handlebars.
2.8.6.10
Fairing/Body Work
The front wheel with the exception of the tyre and the part hidden behind the
mudguard must be clearly visible from each side.
Bodywork must not extend beyond a line drawn vertically at the leading edge of the
front tyre. The suspension should be fully extended when the measurement is
taken.
Mudguards shall not be considered as streamlining.
Mudguards are not compulsory. When fitted, front mudguards must not extend in
front of a line drawn upwards and forwards at 45 degrees from a horizontal line
through the front wheel spindle or below a line drawn horizontally and to the rear of
the front wheel spindle.
The windscreen edge and the edges of all other exposed parts of the streamlining
must be rounded.
The front inclination where the number plate is fixed must not exceed an angle of
30o to the rear of the vertical (see diagram A).
61
Whatever the position of the handlebars, there must be a space of at least 20 mm
between the streamlining and the ends of the handlebars or other steering system,
including any attachments thereto.
The maximum width of bodywork must not exceed 600 mm. The width of the seat or
anything to its rear shall not be more than 450 mm, exhaust systems excepted.
The maximum height of the back of the riders seat is 150 mm. This will be
measured from the lowest point of the rigid base of seat to the uppermost part of the
fairing behind the rider.
No part of the streamlining (fairing) must be to the rear of a vertical line drawn
through the rear wheel axle.
The rim of the rear wheel must be clearly visible over 180o of its circumference to
the rear of this line.
There must be a clearance of at least 15 mm around the circumference of the tyre
at all positions of the motorcycle suspension and all positions of the rear wheel
adjustment.
No part of the motorcycle shall project to the rear of a vertical line drawn through the
exterior edge of the rear tyre.
The motorcycle, unloaded, must be capable of being leaned at an angle of 50
degrees from the vertical without touching the ground, other than the tyres.
Air foils or spoilers may only be fitted on solo machines when they are an integral
part of the fairing or seat. They must not exceed the width of the fairing nor the
height of the handlebar. Sharp edges must be rounded off with a minimum radius of
8 mm. Moving aerodynamic devices are not permitted.
The rider in the normal driving position must be completely visible, with the
exception of his forearms, from either side, from the rear and from above. In race
position, the minimum space between the face of the rider, or his helmet and the
streamlining (including the windscreen) must be 100 mm. It is forbidden to use
transparent materials to evade these rules.
The fuel cap must be fitted in such a way that it does not protrude in relation to the
tank profile and cannot be torn off in a crash.
The lower fairing has to be constructed to hold, in case of an engine breakdown, at
least half of the total oil and engine coolant capacity used in the engine (min. 5
litres).
The lower fairing should incorporate a maximum of two holes of 25 mm. These
holes must remain closed in dry conditions and can only be open in wet race
conditions as declared by the Clerk of the Course.
All sharp edges must be rounded.
62
2.8.6.11
Fuel Tank
Fuel tank must be completely filled with a fire retardant material (i.e. "Explosafe").
Fuel tanks with tank breather pipes must be fitted with non-return valves that
discharge into a catch tank with a minimum volume of 250 cc made of a suitable
material.
Fuel caps, when closed, must be leak proof. Additionally, they must be secured to
prevent accidental opening at any time.
The fuel cap must be fitted in such a way that it does not protrude in relation to the
tank profile and cannot be torn off in a crash.
2.8.6.12
Seat
The seat/rear cowl must allow for proper number display.
The width of the seat shall not be more than 450 mm.
The maximum height of the back of the riders seat is 150 mm. This will be
measured from the lowest point of the rigid base of seat to the uppermost part of the
fairing behind the rider.
All exposed edges must be rounded.
2.8.6.15
Radiator and Oil Coolers
Oil cooler must not be mounted on or above the rear mudguard.
2.8.6.16
Air Box
The air box is compulsory and must be completely closed around the induction bell
mouth and all engine breather tubes, with air ingress only above the lowest point of
the bell mouths lip (see diagram C). Carburation instruments may be entirely within
the airbox.
The air box drains must be sealed.
All Supermono motorcycles must have a closed breather system. The oil breather
line must be connected and discharge in the airbox.
The breather system (airbox plus any breather oil collector box) must be capable in
the event of drain pipe blockage, of retaining a minimum of 1000 cc of discharged
fluid.
2.8.6.17
Carburation instruments
No restrictions
63
2.8.6.18
Fuel Supply
All fuel lines must be totally leak proof.
2.8.6.19
Oil Lines
Oil lines containing positive pressure must be of metal reinforced construction with
swaged or treaded connectors.
2.8.6.20
Transmission/Gearbox
The maximum number of gears is limited to six speeds.
2.8.6.21
Exhaust System
Maximum noise limit is 105 dB/A, measured at a mean piston speed of 11 m/sec for
4-stroke engines.
The correct stroke must be marked on a clearly visible position of the crankcase.
The outlet of the exhaust must not extend behind a line drawn vertically through the
edge of the rear tyre.
The last 30 mm of the pipe must be horizontal and parallel to the centre line of the
motorcycle with a tolerance of +/- 10 degrees.
2.8.7
The following items MUST BE incorporated
Motorcycles must be equipped with a functional ignition kill switch or button
mounted on either side of the handlebar (within reach of the hand while on the hand
grips) that is capable of stopping a running engine.
Throttle controls must be self closing when not held by the hand.
Electric fuel pumps must be wired through a circuit cut out which will operate
automatically in the event of an accident.
A test procedure for the circuit cut out must be incorporated in the design of
electrically operated fuel pumps for use upon inspection.
Safety bars, centre and side stands, if fitted, must be removed.
All drain plugs must be wired. External oil filter(s) screws and bolts that enter an oil
cavity must be safety wired.
All Supermono motorcycles must have a closed breather system. The oil breather
line must be connected and discharge in the airbox.
64
The breather system (airbox plus any breather oil collector box) must be capable in
the event of drain pipe blockage, of retaining a minimum of 1000 cc of discharged
fluid.
Where an oil breather pipe is fitted, the outlet must discharge into a catch tank
located in an easily accessible position and which must be emptied before the start
of a race.
Oil cooler must not be mounted on or above the rear mudguard.
The minimum size of a catch tank shall be 250 cc for gear box breather pipes and
500 cc for engine breather pipes.
Head lamp, rear lamp and turn indicators, if fitted, must be removed. The openings
must be covered by a suitable material.
2.8.8
Additional Equipment
Additional equipment may be fitted, however Art 01.18 Telemetry must be
respected.
2.10
FUEL, OIL AND COOLANTS
All motorcycles must be fuelled with unleaded petrol, as this term is generally
understood.
2.10.1
Physical properties for unleaded fuel
2.10.1.1
Unleaded petrol must comply with the FIM specification.
2.10.1.2
Unleaded petrol (incl. E10) will comply with the FIM specification if:
(a)
It has the following characteristics:
Property
RON
MON
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Benzene
Units
Min.
95.0
85.0
% (m/m)
% (m/m)
% (V/V)
Max.
102.0
90.0
4.0
0.2
1.0
Vapour pressure (DVPE)
Lead
kPa
g/L
95.0
0.005
Manganese
Density at 15°C
Oxidation stability
Existent gum
Sulphur
g/L
kg/m3
minutes
mg/100 ml
mg/kg
65
720.0
360
0.005
775.0
5.0
10.0
Test Method
EN ISO 5164
EN ISO 5163
EN 13132 or 14517
ASTM D 4629
EN 238 or EN
14517
EN 13016-1
EN 237 or ICPOES
ICP-OES
EN ISO 12185
EN ISO 7536
EN ISO 6246
EN ISO 20846 or
Copper corrosion
Distillation:
E at 70°C
E at 100°C
E at 150°C
Final Boiling Point
Residue
Appearance
Ethanol (*)
Olefins
Aromatics
Total diolefins
rating
class 1
% (V/V)
22.0
% (V/V)
46.0
% (V/V)
75.0
°C
% (V/V)
Clear and bright
% (V/V)
% (V/V)
% (V/V)
% (m/m)
50.0
71.0
210
2.0
10
18.0
35.0
1.0
20884
EN ISO 2160
EN ISO 3405
EN ISO 3405
EN ISO 3405
EN ISO 3405
EN ISO 3405
Visual inspection
EN 13132 or 14517
EN 14517 or 15553
EN 14517 or 15553
GCMS/HPLC
(*) Shall conform to EN 15376
(b)
The total of individual hydrocarbon components present at
concentrations of less than 5% m/m must constitute at least 30%
m/m of the fuel. The test method will be gas chromatography and/or
GC/MS.
(c)
The total concentration of naphthenes, olefins and aromatics
classified by carbon number must not exceed the values given in the
following table:
% (m/m)
Naphthenes
Olefins
Aromatics
C4
0
5
-
C5
5
20
-
C6
10
20
1.2
C7
10
15
35
C8
10
10
35
C9+
10
10
30
The total concentration of bicyclic naphthenes and bicyclic olefins may
not be higher than 1% (m/m). The test method used will be gas
chromatography.
(d)
Only the following oxygenates are permitted:
methanol, ethanol, iso-propyl alcohol, iso-butyl alcohol, methyl tertiary
butyl ether, ethyl tertiary butyl ether, tertiary amyl methyl ether, diisopropyl ether, n-propyl alcohol, tertiary-butyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol,
secondary-butyl alcohol
(e)
Manganese is not permitted in concentrations above 0.005 g/l. For the
present this is solely to cover possible minor contamination by other
fuels. The fuel will contain no substance that is capable of an
exothermic reaction in the absence of external oxygen.
Lead replacement petrols, although basically free of lead, are not an
alternative to the use of unleaded petrol. Such petrols may contain
unacceptable additives not consistent with the FIM Fuel Regulations.
66
2.10.1.3
When Ethanol E85 is used, it will comply with the FIM
specification and will have the following characteristics:
Property
RON
MON
Vapour pressure (DVPE)
Lead
Manganese
Oxidation stability
Existent gum
Sulphur
Copper corrosion
Distillation:
Final Boiling Point
Residue
Appearance
Ethanol + higher alcohols
Higher alcohols (C3-C8)
Methanol
Ethers (5 or more C
atoms)
Unleaded petrol as
specified in 2.10.1.2
Water
Inorganic chloride
Acidity
(as acetic acid)
Units
kPa
g/l
g/l
Minutes
mg/100 ml
mg/kg
Min.
95.0
85.0
35.0
Max.
110
100
95.0
0.001
0.001
360
5.0
10.0
Rating
Class 1
°C
210
% (V/V)
2
Clear and bright
% (V/V)
75
% (V/V)
2.0
% (V/V)
1.0
% (V/V)
5.2
% (V/V)
14
% (V/V)
mg/l
% (m/m)
(mg/l)
Test Method
EN ISO 5164
EN ISO 5163
EN 13016-1
ICP-OES
ICP-OES
EN ISO 7536
EN ISO 6246
EN ISO 20846 or
20884
EN ISO 2160
EN ISO 3405
EN ISO 3405
Visual inspection
EN 13132 or 14517
EN 13132 or 14517
EN 13132 or 14517
EN 13132 or 14517
25
0.3
1
0.005
(40)
EN 12937
EN 15484
EN 15491
Kommentar [DUP1]: RIEN
D’AUTRE A RAJOUTER
D’APRES LE LABO
2.10.3
Air
Only ambient air may be mixed with the fuel as an oxidant.
2.10.4
Primary Tests
2.10.4.1
The FIM may require tests of fuels to be administered before, or at the
time of delivery to, an event at which such fuels are to be used.
2.10.4.2
The FIM may request any person or organisation, being a potential
Official Supplier of fuel, to submit a sample for testing for conformity with the fuel
specifications.
2.10.5
Fuel Test Procedures
2.10.5.1
Fuel tests may be administered at any time and place during the
course of any meeting under the authority of the FIM.
67
2.10.5.2
The sole authority to request and direct the administration of fuel tests
during the course of an international event lies with the President of the
International Jury, by written document (Fuel Test Order).
The Jury President must deliver the Fuel Test Order to the Chief Technical Steward
for the meeting who is responsible for the administration of the fuel tests.
The Fuel Test Order must nominate:
(a) The criteria (which may be random) for selection of the machines from which
samples are to be taken; and
(b) The officials who must administer the tests.
(c) At least 3 of the characteristics specified in Arts. 2.10.1.2 to be the subject of the
tests, or only 1 characteristic when using an ASTM approved "short test" or "field
test method" for the detection of only one of the characteristics in a fuel sample.
2.10.5.3
Fuel tests must be administered according to the Fuel Test Order and
must comply with the following procedures:
(a) Only nominated officials may take samples.
(b) Containers for holding samples:
(i) must be clean and constructed of robust, fuel non-reactive, impermeable
material;
(ii) must be sealable;
(iii) must have provision for identification.
(c) Equipment used for the extraction of fuel from machines must be clean and
constructed of fuel non-reactive material.
(d) The FMNRs must ensure that there is a supply of at least 12 containers (12 X 1
litre each).
(e) Each sample must be divided into two and placed in separate containers, (2
samples of maximum 1 litre each). Each sample may be initially tested for one of
the characteristics, using an ASTM approved field test method. The results obtained
from such a test must be given immediately to the International Jury. The containers
must be immediately sealed and identified by reference to the machine from which
the sample was taken. This information must be entered on a certificate (FIM Fuel
Sample Certificate) which must certify the date, place and time of taking the sample,
the identity of the machine from which the sample was taken, and the identity of its
rider.
68
(f) Both samples (sample A and sample B) must remain in the control of the
Technical Steward. The rider or the representative of the rider/ team must sign the
FIM Fuel Sample Certificate acknowledging that a sample was taken, and must be
given a copy of the Certificate.
(g) At the end of the meeting the Chief Technical Steward must deliver both
samples (sample A and sample B) to a courier authorised by the FIM, Jury
President. The Chief Technical Steward must return a copy of the Fuel Sample
Certificate, signed by the courier, to the Jury President.
(h) The authorised courier must deliver both samples (sample A and sample B),
together with copies of the relevant Fuel Sample Certificates, to an FIM authorised
laboratory, where they must be tested for content in accordance with standard
scientific procedures.
(i) The results obtained from such testing must be attached to the laboratory's copy
of the Fuel Sample Certificate and delivered to the FIM as soon as practicable after
the results have been obtained.
(j) In case of non conformity to the rules, the FIM must as soon as practicable after
receipt of the results notify:
(i) the relevant riders or team representatives;
(ii) the relevant FMNR;
(iii) the Jury President for the relevant meeting.
2.10.5.4
The FIM may authorise one or more named laboratories for testing
fuels. Such authorisation must be by written document.
2.10.5.5
A Jury may direct the administration of fuel tests during the course of
any international meeting. Such direction must be by Fuel Test Order which must be
delivered to the Chief Technical Steward.
Such Fuel Test Order has the same authority as if it had been issued by the CTI
Bureau under Art. 2.10.5.2. The procedures for the administration of fuel tests under
this Article must comply with the procedures under Arts. 2.10.5.2 and 2.10.5.3.
2.10.5.6
For tests under Art. 2.10.4 all characteristics specified in Art. 2.10.1.2
must be present for the tested fuel to comply.
2.10.5.7
For tests under Arts. 2.10.5.2 and 2.10.5.5 tested fuel must comply
with the characteristics specified in the relevant Fuel Test Order.
2.10.5.8
Fuel Test Costs
2.10.5.9
The costs of fuel tests conducted under Arts. 2.10.4.1, 2.10.4.2 and
2.10.5.2 will be paid by the FIM.
69
2.10.5.10
The costs of fuel tests conducted under Art. 2.10.5.5. will be paid by
the organiser of the meeting.
2.10.5.11
Where a fuel test is ordered by a Jury in relation to a protest, the party
which loses the protest must bear the entire cost of the fuel test, or such proportion
thereof as is directed by the Jury.
2.10.6
Fuel Storage
Fuel may only be stored in metal containers.
A maximum of 60 litres of fuel stored in a sealable can, is allowed in the
competitor's pit.
Fire fighting equipment, protective devices and staff must conform to the
requirements imposed by the local authorities and by-laws.
The organiser must have fire extinguishers of a size and type approved by the local
by-laws, available to each competitor in the pit area.
2.10.7
Coolants
The only liquid engine coolants permitted other than lubricating oil shall be water or
water mixed with ethyl alcohol.
2.11
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS
2.11.1
Riders and passengers must wear a complete leather suit with
additional leather padding or other protection on the principal contact points, knees,
elbows, shoulders, hips etc.
2.11.2
Linings or undergarments must not be made of a synthetic material
which might melt and cause damage to the riders' skin.
2.11.3
Riders must also wear leather gloves and boots, which with the suit
provides complete coverage from the neck down.
2.11.4
Leather substitute materials may be used, providing they have been
checked by the Chief Technical Steward.
2.11.5
Use of a back protector is highly recommended.
2.11.6
Riders must wear a helmet which is in good condition, provides a good
fit and is properly fastened.
2.11.7
Helmets must be of the full face type and conform to one of the
recognised international standards:
70
• Europe
• Japan
• USA
ECE 22-05, ‘P’
JIS T 8133 : 2000
SNELL M 2005 (until 2012)
SNELL M 2010
2.11.8
Visors must be made of a shatterproof material.
2.11.9
Disposable "tear-offs" are permitted.
2.11.10
Any question concerning the suitability or condition of the riders
clothing and/or helmet shall be decided by the Chief Technical Steward, who may, if
he so wishes, consult with the manufacturers of the product before making a final
decision.
2.12
CONTROL
The rider is at all times responsible for his machine.
2.12.1
The Chief Technical Steward must be in attendance for an event at
least 1 hour before the technical verifications are due to begin. He must inform the
Clerk of the Course and/or the Jury President of his arrival.
2.12.2
He must ensure that all Technical Stewards, appointed for the event,
carry out their duties in a proper manner.
2.12.3
He shall appoint the Technical Stewards to individual posts for the
race, practices and final control.
2.12.4
Technical inspections will only be carried out when the technical
specification form of the motorcycle has been distributed by the Organiser (during
the preliminary controls).
2.12.5
One rider, or his mechanic, must be present with the machine for
Technical control within the time limits stated in the Supplementary Regulations.
The maximum number of persons present at the technical verification will be the
rider, plus two others. In addition, the Team Manager will also be allowed.
2.12.6
The Chief Technical Steward must inform the International Jury of the
results of the Technical control. The Chief Technical Steward will then draws up a
list of accepted machines and submit this list to the Clerk of the Course.
2.12.7
The Chief Technical Steward has the right to inspect any part of the
motorcycle at any time of the event.
2.12.8
Any rider failing to report as required below may be disqualified from
the meeting. The International Jury may forbid any team who does not comply with
the rules, or any rider who can be a danger to other participants or to spectators, to
take part in the practice sessions or in the races.
71
2.12.9
The Technical control must be carried out in accordance with the
procedure and times fixed in the Supplementary Regulations of the event.
2.12.10
The Chief Technical Steward will refuse any machine that does not
have a correctly-positioned transponder attachment. The transponder must be fixed
to the motorcycle in the position and orientation as shown in the Timekeeping
information given to teams pre-season and available at each event. Positive
attachment of the transponder bracket consists of a minimum of tie-wraps, but
preferably by screw or rivet. Velcro or adhesive alone will not be accepted. The
transponder retaining clip must also be secured by a tie-wrap.
2.12.11
The rider or mechanic must present a clean motorcycle and in
conformity to the FIM rules. He must also present a duly filled in and confirmed
technical card.
2.12.12
An overall inspection of the motorcycle must be carried out in
conformity with the FIM rules. Accepted motorcycles will be marked with paint or a
sticker.
Chief Technical Steward has the final authority in case of a dispute on the
conformity of the parts in question and for acceptance thereof.
2.12.13
The rider is permitted to use whichever motorcycle he chooses from
the accepted motorcycles.
2.12.14
Before each practice the Technical Steward must confirm that the
motorcycle has passed the Technical control by checking the Technical control
sticker before the motorcycles go on the track.
2.12.15
Only accepted motorcycles may be used in a race and practice. A
change of motorcycle is accepted in accordance with the prescriptions of the
sporting appendix.
2.12.16
All machines must be controlled before they are placed in the closed
park area. Only one (1) motorcycle per team qualified for the race is accepted in the
closed park area.
2.12.17
Approximately 30 minutes after the Technical control has been
completed, the Chief Technical Steward must submit to the International Jury list of
accepted motorcycles and riders in the individual classes.
2.12.18
If a motorcycle is involved in an accident, the Chief Technical Steward
must check the machine (together with the helmet and clothing of the rider
involved), to ensure that no defect of a serious nature has occurred.
If a machine was stopped with a black flag with orange disc, the Chief Technical
Steward must check the machine.
72
In both cases, it is the responsibility of the team to present the machin, together with
helmet and clothing of the fallen rider, for this re-examination in case they wish to
continue.
If the helmet is clearly defective, the Chief Technical Steward must retain this
helmet.
The organiser must send this helmet, together with the accident and medical report
(and pictures and video, if available) to the Federation of the rider. If there are head
injuries stated in the medical report, the helmet then must be sent to a neutral
institute for examination.
2.12.19
The rider must present his equipment. The helmet must be marked.
2.12.20
The rider may present several motorcycles for Technical inspection.
2.12.21
Noise should be checked by random choice during practice as well as
after the race. On request of rider, team or mechanic, noise of their own
motorcycles can be checked at any time during the event.
2.12.22
Weight should be checked by random choice during practices as well
as after the race.
The random weight check during practices will be held with minimum disturbance to
the riders. The weight scales will be placed in the pit-lane. The actual place is
decided by the Chief Technical Steward.
On request of rider, team or mechanic, weight and noise of their own motorcycles
can be checked at any time during the event.
2.13
VERIFICATION GUIDELINES FOR TECHNICAL STEWARDS
- Make sure all necessary measures and administrative equipment are in place at
least 1 hour before the Technical control (see separate list) is due to open (time
in Supplementary Regulations).
- Decide who is doing what and note decisions. "Efficiency" must be the
watchword. Always keep cheerful and remember the reasons for Technical
controls: SAFETY AND FAIRNESS.
- Be well informed. Make sure your FMN has supplied you with all technical
"updates" that may have been issued subsequent to the printing of the Technical
Rule Books.
Copies of all homologation documents must be in your possession.
- Inspection must take place under cover with a large enough area (min. surface
100 sq. metres) to handle the technical verifications in two lines.
73
- Weighing apparatus must be accurate and practical. Certified master weights and
their certificate must be available for verifying.
Rules regarding noise level and measurement must be respected.
2.13.1
Preparations, procedures
At each circuit, an area must be designated as the Technical control Area. In this
area, under the control of the Chief Technical Steward, suitable equipment will be
available to conduct proper inspections.
The Technical control will be carried out in accordance with the schedule set out in
the Supplementary Regulations.
Technical Stewards must be available throughout the entire event to check
motorcycles and equipment as required by the Chief Technical Steward.
Presentation of a machine will be deemed as an implicit statement of conformity
with the technical regulations.
The Technical Stewards must inspect the motorcycles for obvious safety omissions.
The Technical Stewards must inspect that the motorcycle conforms to all technical
rules laid out in the Regulations.
1) All classes
All machines will be required for weight and/or noise check at the pre-race technical
inspection.
The scales and noise meter will be available to the teams or riders for pre-race
checking in the technical Technical control area.
Noise test should take place in a clear area adjacent to the Technical control at
least 5 metres from any possible noise reflecting obstruction.
The riders and teams must be aware that the weight and noise may be controlled at
random during practice in the pit-lane and at the end of the race.
Claiming that the noise and weight were not officially controlled before the race will
not be grounds for appeal. Conformity of the rules is the responsibility of the rider
and the team (or the participants).
The Chief Technical Steward reserves the right to spot check the weight and noise
of any machines on pit row during free practice and official practice. This can occur
at any time during the free practice and in the first forty minutes of any official
(timed) practice. This will be carried out with the least possible inconvenience to the
rider or the team.
74
Machines arriving later than the first free practice must be controlled in the technical
Technical control area.
At the conclusion of the inspections, a small sticker or coloured mark will be placed
on the frame indicating that the machine had passed inspection
The Technical Stewards must re-inspect any machine that has been involved in an
accident.
The Technical Stewards must be available, based on instructions from the Chief
Technical Steward, to re-inspect any motorcycle for technical compliance during the
meeting.
During the technical inspection in the closed park the mechanics must assist with
the inspections. A maximum of two (2) team members per rider is allowed in the
closed park during the post-race technical inspection. Downloading of data is
allowed in the closed park.
Representatives of the tyre manufacturers are allowed in the closed park.
2) Practice
- Dry Practice
Every machine used in free or official practice may be checked.
The minimum checks are weight and noise. The Chief Technical Steward may
request other checks.
- Wet practice
The Chief Technical Steward may perform certain checks during/after a wet pracice.
3) Final inspection at the end of the race
In accordance with the instructions of the Jury President and/or the Chief Technical
Steward.
4) Appointment and attendance
The Technical Stewards must be present and available during the opening hours of
the Technical control area. The Chief Technical Steward will instruct the Technical
Stewards to verify motorcycles for compliance with technical and safety rules.
5) Administration day/ Technical control:
For all riders/teams
min. 4 people
Tasks: Inspection of machine safety, clothing and helmets
(NO NOISE OR WEIGHT CONTROL)
75
Administration tasks:
1 person
6) Saturday/Sunday: Technical control during race day
Before race: safety checks on start grid:
After race: Technical control noise weight and
carburation instruments
4 people
Displacement checks
2 people
Administration
1 person
as required
NOTE: This is the required minimum of Technical Stewards. The number may of
course be higher.
All final verification points to be decided in co-operation with the International Jury
President and the Chief Technical Steward. Post-race checks are under extreme
pressure. It is important to be very well organised.
Chief Technical Steward must present a report to the Jury after the technical
verifications.
7) Minimum Equipment list
-
Revolution meter
Sound meter and calibrator
Slide caliper
Depth gauge
Steel measuring tape
Seals
Weighing apparatus (scales) with calibration weights
Tools for measuring engine capacity
Tools for measuring valve lift
Weighing apparatus for investigation of valve weights
Colour for marking parts
Magnet for materials testing
Computer to read homologation CD-Rom
Documents list
-
Regulations of the CURRENT YEAR
Supplementary Regulations
Homologation documents
CD-Rom with homologations
Technical control forms
Writing materials
76
OFFICIAL FIM SPECIFICATION DECLARATION FOR ROAD RACING
All sections must be completed by the Technical Steward in the presence of the
rider or rider's representative (See also Art. 01.77)
Particulars of the Meeting :
Title of the meeting :
Place :
IMN N° :
Date of the meeting :
Particulars of the Rider :
Rider's Name :
Nationality :
Rider's Licence N° :
Rider's first name :
Date of birth :
Medical examination :
Section I
(1 FMN Senior Technical Steward + 1
Assistant)
Administration
Equipment and protective clothing
Helmet (Standard + No.)
Machine (Make + Type)
Bore and Stroke
Frame No.
Section II
(1 FMN Senior Technical Steward + 1
Assistant)
Noise dB/A
Ignition cut-out alternator
Section III
(1 FMN Senior Technical Steward + 1
Assistant)
Fire retardant material (56.01.4)
Weight
Fuel tank with fix points
Oil catch tank
Breather system (4-stroke)
Section IV
(1 FMN Senior Technical Steward + 1
Assistant)
Brakes/Tyres
Bearing (Wheels, steering unit)
Number + Plates
Fairing
Fuel tank
Throttle control
Oil drain/Filler plugs, etc. wired
Ground clearance (Sidecar)
77
1st Machine
2nd Machine
OFFICIAL FIM SPECIFICATION DECLARATION
Comments :
Name of Technical Steward:
International Official's Licence N:
Acceptance of a machine for competition does not preclude the possibility of further
post-race control to ensure compliance with the competition Technical rules.
Acceptance stamp of
Technical Steward
I hereby declare that the
information given above is
accurate in every respect
Signature : ____________________ Rider's signature : ___________________
78
2.14
SOUND CONTROL
Noise limits in force (with the exception of Supersport 600, Superstock 600 & 1000
motorcycles, for Drag Racing Competition and Pro Stock machines and for
motorcycles in World Records)
Noise will be controlled to: Max. 105 dB/A measured at a mean piston speed of 11
m/sec. The fixed RPM specified in Art. 2.12.6 may be used.
2.14.1
With the microphone placed at 50 cm from the exhaust pipe at an
angle of 45° measured from the centre-line of the exhaust end and at the height of
the exhaust pipe, but at least 20 cm above the ground. If this is not possible, the
measurement can be taken at 45° upwards.
2.14.2
During a noise test, machines not equipped with a gear box neutral
must be placed on a stand.
2.14.3
The silencers will be marked when they are checked and it is not
allowed to change them after the verification, except for any spare silencer which
has also been checked and marked.
2.14.4
The rider shall keep his engine running out of gear and shall increase
the engine speed until it reaches the specified Revolutions Per Minute (RPM).
Measurements must be taken when the specified RPM is reached.
2.14.5
The RPM depends upon the mean piston speed corresponding to the
stroke of the engine.
The RPM will be given by the relationship:
N=
in which
2.14.6
30,000 x cm
l
N
cm
l
= prescribed RPM of engine
= fixed mean piston speed in m/s
= stroke in mm
Noise control
Due to the similarity of the piston stroke in different engine configurations within the
capacity classes, the noise test will be conducted at a fixed RPM. For reference only,
the mean piston speed at which the noise test is conducted, is calculated at 13
m/sec (2-stroke engines) and 11 m/sec (4-stroke engines).
125 cc (2-stroke)
250 cc (2-stroke)
500 cc (2-stroke)
1 cylinder
7,000 RPM
2 cylinders
3 cylinders
4 cylinders
7,000 RPM
5,500 RPM
7,000 RPM
7,000 RPM
79
2.14.6.1
For Supermono class, the test RPM will continue to depend upon the
mean piston speed corresponding to the stroke of the engine, according to the
following table.
Stroke
in mm
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
2-stroke
13,000
12,580
12,187
11,818
11,470
11,142
10,833
10,540
10,263
10,000
9,750
9,512
9,285
9,069
8,863
8,666
8,478
8,297
8,125
7,959
7,800
7,647
7,500
7,358
7,222
7,090
6,964
6,842
6,724
6,610
6,500
6,393
6,290
6,190
6,093
6,000
4-stroke
Stroke
in mm
11,000
10,645
10,313
10,000
9,706
9,429
9,167
8,919
8,684
8,462
8,250
8,049
7,857
7,674
7,500
7,333
7,174
7,021
6,875
6,735
6,600
6,471
6,346
6,226
6,111
6,000
5,893
5,789
5,690
5,593
5,500
5,410
5,323
5,238
5,156
5,077
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
2-stroke
5,909
5,820
5,735
5,652
5,571
5,492
5,416
5,342
5,270
5,200
5,132
5,065
5,000
4,937
4,875
4,815
4,756
4,699
4,643
4,588
4,535
4,483
4,432
4,382
4,333
4,286
4,239
4,194
4,149
4,105
4,063
4,021
3,980
3,939
3,900
4-stroke
5,000
4,925
4,853
4,783
4,714
4,648
4,583
4,521
4,459
4,400
4,342
4,286
4,231
4,177
4,125
4,074
4,024
3,976
3,929
3,882
3,837
3,793
3,750
3,708
3,667
3,626
3,587
3,548
3,510
3,474
3,438
3,402
3,367
3,333
3,300
For Supermono class only, when presented for examination, the correct stroke must
be stamped in a clearly visible position on the crankcase.
2.14.6.2
For Wankel engines, the noise level will be measured at 6 000 RPM.
80
2.14.7
The noise level for engines with more than one cylinder will be
measured on each exhaust end.
2.14.8
A machine which does not comply with the noise limits may be
presented several times at pre-race control.
2.14.9
The surrounding noise should not exceed 90 dB/A within a 5 metres
radius from the power source during tests.
2.14.10
Apparatus for noise control must be to international standard IEC 651,
Type 1 or Type 2.
The sound level meter must be equipped with a calibrator for control and
adjustment of the meter during periods of use.
2.14.11
Noise control during a competition
In a competition which requires noise control tests during the event, machines must
comply with the noise limits without the tolerance in Art. 2.14.
2.14.12
Noise control after the competition
In a competition which requires a final examination of machines before the results
are announced, this examination must include a noise control measurement of at
least the first three machines listed in the final classification of each class and/or
category. At this final test, there will be a 3 dB/A tolerance permitted.
2.15
GUIDELINES FOR USE OF SOUND LEVEL METERS
2.15.1
The Noise Control Officer (NCO) must arrive in sufficient time for
discussions with the Technical Delegate and other Technical Stewards in order that
a suitable test site and testing policy can be agreed.
2.15.2
Sound level measuring equipment must include a compatible
calibrator, which must be used immediately before testing begins and always just
prior to a re-test if a disciplinary sanction may be imposed.
Two sets of equipment must be available in case of failure of tachometer, sound
level meter or calibrator during technical control.
2.15.3
Before testing, the NCO should if possible liaise with a maximum of
two holders of FIM Sponsor's or Manufacturer's licences, or team managers, who
have noise test equipment including calibrators, in order to agree the accuracy of
the official sound level meter.
2.15.4
Tests should not take place in rain or excessively damp conditions.
Machines considered excessively noisy must be individually tested if conditions
allow.
81
2.15.5
In other than moderate wind, machines should face forward in the
wind direction. (Mechanical noise will blow forward, away from microphone).
2.15.6
'Slow' meter response must be used.
2.15.7
'A' weighted setting on sound level meter.
2.15.8
Always round down meter reading, that is: 104.9 dB/A = 105 dB/A.
2.15.9
Correction
Type 1 meter :
Type 2 meter :
2.15.10
deduct 1 dB/A
deduct 2 dB/A
Ambient temperature
Below 10° Celsius:
Below 0° Celsius :
deduct 1 dB/A
deduct 2 dB/A
All tolerances are accumulative. Action and decisions will be taken after discussions
with Chief Technical Steward.
02.81
ADDITIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SPECIAL VEHICLES USED
FOR WORLD RECORDS (SHORT DISTANCE)
81.01
General
No part of a motorcycle (with the exception of extreme aerodynamic vehicles, also
known as ‘Streamliners’) may extend beyond the wheels. No airfoils, spoilers or
movable external control surfaces are allowed.
The seat shall not be placed directly above the rear wheel.
Only rear wheel drive is permitted.
81.02
Number plates
(For ‘non-streamlined’ and ‘partially streamlined’ motorcycles)
Each vehicle shall have two, fully visible white number plates which shall not be
obscured by the rider in position. Each number plate shall be placed on either side
of the machine.
The minimum sizes for number plates are: 150 mm (7”) in height x 200 mm (8”) in
width.
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Number plates may be painted on the streamlining. For light coloured bodywork,
there shall be a black line of 6 mm (1/4’’) minimum width all around the perimeter of
the white background.
Number plates which are not part of the streamlining shall be made of flexible
materials only (i.e. ABS plastics, etc.). All other materials are prohibited.
All corners and edges shall be rounded (with a radius) and without any sharp
edges.
81.03
Fuel
Fuel shall be liquid at ambient pressure and temperature and shall be used as such.
81.04
Fuel supply and shut-off valve
The vehicles shall have an efficient fuel shut-off which the rider can activate when
he/she is in position.
All pressurised fuel lines, including non-valved fuel lines shall be reinforced by
braided steel.
Nitrous oxide applications shall have a protected shut-off valve system in case of
accident.
81.05
Air induction
Air induction created solely by depression and/or with the aid of pressure created by
passive external systems (i.e. ‘ram’ air) is considered as naturally aspirated.
Air induction enhanced by active devices such as supercharging or turbo-charging
is considered as forced induction.
81.06
Supercharging
Superchargers and turbochargers shall be separated from the rider, either by a
cover of steel plate at least 3 mm thick or a ballistic blanket that meets SEMA
specifications 14-1, or by a vehicle or engine structure that provides equivalent
protection.
81.07
Engine cut-off
Two shut-off switches are required to stop the engine/motor power (including any
nitrous oxide systems).
The rider shall be able to operate one cut-off switch with his hands placed on the
handlebars.
The other cut-off switch shall be located on the outside of the cockpit.
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81.08
Hand and Foot controls
Throttles shall be self-closing.
Foot operated throttles shall have a toe clip.
Hand controls (clutch and brake levers) shall have a ball end with a minimum
diameter of 12.5 mm (1/2”). Flattened ball lever ends are acceptable if all edges are
rounded. All control ends shall be an integral part of the lever.
Foot operated controls shall pivot independently.
When riders are in their riding position, a minimum distance of 250 mm (10”)
between thumbs shall be respected.
All handlebars shall extend outside each fork tube by minimum of 150 mm (6”).
(This rule is not applicable to ‘Streamliners’.)
Steering stops shall limit the rider’s hands from touching the fairing or tank at full
right and left travel.
Riders may be asked to demonstrate their ability to operate the vehicle with their
controls set up.
81.09
Steering Dampers
A hydraulic steering damper is required in classes that have a record speed of 200
km/h (125 mph) or more. The hydraulic damper may not act as a fork stop.
81.10
Foot rests
Only one pair of functional footrests is allowed. All footrests shall be able to fold.
Footrests shall be positioned in front of the rear axle.
81.11
Brakes
At least one (1) efficient brake is required and shall be operated by hand or foot.
81.12
Transmission / chain covers
All transmission drives shall be protected with a guard which covers, at least, the
outer perimeter from the top half of the first sprocket to the rearmost portion of the
final sprocket.
81.13
Lights (front and rear)
Headlamps, if not removed, shall be at least taped in a crisscross pattern to hold
potential broken glass.
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81.14
Mirrors
‘Stand alone’ type rear view mirrors shall be removed.
Mirrors, when not removed and incorporated into a fairing (bodywork), shall be
taped.
81.15
Safety and locking devices
Engine and transmission oil lines, when containing positive pressure shall have
swaged connectors. All fluid drain plugs shall be ‘safety’ wired.
Axle fasteners shall have a secondary functional anti-rotation or locking device.
Washers may not be used for this purpose.
81.16
Tyres
The minimum tread depth for tyres with ratings of under 320 km/h (200 mph) is 2.5
mm.
Tyres that exhibit cords shall be prohibited.
All vehicle tyres (tubeless included) are required to have metal valve caps and
metal valve stems.
Angled valve stems may be safety wired to resist centrifugal force deflection.
Participants using under-rated tyres may be excluded from competition.
The rider has the sole responsibility of inspecting the condition of the tyres before
and after each run.
81.17
‘NON STREAMLINED’ Vehicles (Open Class)
Any type of aerodynamic aid or streamlining device is prohibited in this class.
Objects are considered ‘streamlined’ if they control the airflow around the
motorcycle and/or rider or are placed to reduce aerodynamic drag.
81.18
‘PARTIALLY STREAMLINED’ Vehicles
Aerodynamic aids or streamlining devices are allowed with the following restrictions:
When viewed from either side, at least 180° of the lower part of the front tyre and
wheel shall remain visible and a continuous section (min 135°) of the lower/rear half
of the rear wheel shall always remain visible.
The rider, when in racing position, shall be completely visible from either side of the
motorcycle and from above, without having to look through any material. Hands
may be hidden when viewed from above.
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Front and rear streamlining shall each have a minimum of three (3) mounting points.
81.19
STREAMLINED (Special Construction Vehicles, or ‘Streamliners’)
In order for a vehicle to be defined as a ‘Streamliner’:
The rider shall be inside an enclosed compartment. A firewall shall separate the
rider from the engine compartment. A substantial roll bar or equivalent structure
shall be securely fitted to a part of the frame.
Full streamlining, including those which extend beyond the wheels, is allowed. With
the following exceptions:
No movable external control surfaces are allowed. No airfoils or spoilers are allowed
if not integrated in the basic streamlined form. Only one (1) single rear fixed vertical
fin is allowed
The vehicle, unloaded, must be capable of being leaned at an angle of 20°
degrees (minimum) from the vertical position without touching the ground,
other than the tyres.
81.19.01
Numbers and background
Each vehicle shall have numbers and letters. Numbers and letters shall be of one
solid colour and in contrast with the background area colour.
Minimum size of the background area: 250 mm x 300 mm (10’’ x 12’’)
Minimum size for the numbers: 200 mm x 30 mm (8’’ x 1-1/4’’)
81.19.02
Frame construction
The constructor of a frame made of other than high grade steel shall submit frame
structure information that documents the durability of the structure.
Constructors may be asked to provide test certificates on components and on stress
examination as required.
81.19.03
Canopy / Windshield
The canopy windshield shall be constructed of shatterproof plastic and provide a
minimum of 120° of forward horizontal vision when the rider is in place.
The canopy assembly shall be removable from the inside or the outside without the
use of any tools.
The outside of the Streamliner shall have clear markings with specific instructions
for canopy removal.
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The rider shall be able to exit the cockpit of the Streamliner, be it up-right or on its
side, without any outside assistance.
81.19.04
External operation and emergency controls
All exterior access, operation points and all controls required for ‘Main Ignition Shutoff’ and for ‘Canopy Release’, shall be marked and clearly visible on the exterior of
the Streamliner body.
81.19.05
Batteries
Two emergency battery cut-out switches are mandatory; one inside within reach of
the rider and one outside the Streamliner.
All batteries shall be securely mounted. Batteries mounted in the rider’s
compartment shall be on the inside of an acid spill-proof and sealed box.
‘Tie’-down straps or elastic cords shall not be used to hold batteries in place.
81.19.06
Roll bars
A Streamliner shall have a minimum of one (1) roll bar. It is recommended that
Streamliners have a minimum of two (2) roll bars: one in front of the rider’s head
and one behind the rider’s head.
Roll bars should have a minimum outside diameter of 31.5 mm (1 1/4”), a wall
thickness of at least 2.2 mm (.090”) and a steel cap of at least of 2.2 mm (.090’’)
thick.
The roll bar shall surround a minimum of 140° of the upper part of the rider’s head.
The roll bar shall be braced on each side of the main frame.
Whilst wearing a helmet, there shall not be more than 5 cm (2”) head movement
within the roll bar. Fireproof padding may be added.
Any other roll cage design shall be tested for strength and have had a finite element
study to prove this.
81.19.07
Rider’s compartment / Cockpit
The roll cage and all interior panels shall prevent the rider’s arms and/or legs from
extending outside the rider’s compartment. All mounting tabs, brackets and
protrusions shall be free of sharp edges.
The rider’s compartment shall have an outside air source.
All riders (with complete attire) shall demonstrate the ability to exit the compartment
within 30 seconds without assistance.
81.19.08
Fuel shut-off
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Streamliners shall have a positive fuel shut-off safety valve which can be activated
from the rider’s compartment.
81.19.09
Engine compartments
Engine and fuel compartments shall be sealed off from the rider with at least one
firewall.
Engine and fuel compartments shall have at least one 25 mm (1’’) opening for
drainage.
Wiring, steering linkage and controls shall be sealed through firewalls to avoid
leakage into the rider’s compartment.
81.19.10
Fuel containment
Fuel and oil tanks are not permitted inside the rider’s compartment.
Fuel lines shall not run through the rider’s compartment.
Fuel compartments shall have at least one 25 mm (1’’) opening for drainage.
81.19.11
Steering Mechanism
All parts of the steering mechanism, including links, rods and cables shall be able to
move freely throughout the Streamliner body, including the firewall, without
excessive play.
The steering assembly shall be directly and securely mounted to the frame.
All steering components shall use bolts of grade ‘5’ quality minimum.
Welding on steering components shall be scrutinized and may be subject to x-ray
certification.
The handlebar/steering assembly in the cockpit shall be mounted in such a way as
to allow the rider to evacuate rapidly in an emergency situation.
Quick disconnects for handlebars are permitted.
81.19.12
Wheel protection
A bulkhead shall separate the rider from the front wheel.
The front wheel shall be shielded to protect the rider in case of a tyre failure.
Each tyre compartment shall be sealed to prevent any dust, salt, etc., from entering
the driver’s compartment.
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81.19.13
Skids and other supports
Motorcycle Streamliners which use skids shall have a positive ‘up’ and ‘down’locking feature. These positions shall be made visible to the rider when seated in
the cockpit.
Skids shall have a turned up front edge to prevent digging into the track surface and
shall be raised to the up position as soon the Streamliner is rolling and has found
stability.
81.19.14
Fire extinguishers
Fire extinguisher(s) shall be able to extinguish a fire in both rider and engine
compartments.
The minimum capacity for fire extinguishers required onboard Streamliners shall be:
- for speeds up to 250 km/h (150 mph): 2 kg / 5lbs.
- for speeds exceeding 250 km/h (150 mph): 5 kg / 10lbs.
A manual fire extinguisher control system is mandatory and shall be within reach of
the rider. Once engaged, it shall stay activated and be capable of extinguishing a
fire.
The fire extinguishing control system shall also be able to be activated from the
exterior of the Streamliner.
Automatic systems with a heat-sensing switch shall also have a manual control to
override the fire extinguishing system.
Extinguishing agents shall be approved and certified for use in confined spaces.
All nozzles, lines, and valves shall be securely mounted. Hose clamps may not be
used to fix these parts.
The installation of extinguishers shall be made according to the manufacturer’s
specifications. All fire extinguishing equipment certifications/inspection tags shall not
be older than twelve months.
81.19.15
Parachutes
All Streamliners are required to have one functional parachute.
Where speeds over 400 km/h (250 mph) are to be reached, two (2) parachutes are
required: one low speed parachute and one high speed parachute.
All parachutes shall be mounted on a part of the frame structure.
Automatic parachute deployment actuators are required for:
- Streamliners with an ‘open’ tail section: the parachute shall automatically
deploy at 45° from upright.
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- Streamliners with a closed tail section: the parachute shall automatically
deploy at 40° from upright.
The rider shall be able to activate the parachute without his hands leaving the
steering mechanism.
Parachute system operations shall be inspected for rider-activated deployment and
automatic deployment at left and right angles.
Any failure in parachute operation or handling problems associated with parachute
operation will require a re-inspection by the Technical Stewards.
81.19.16
Helmets and clothing
Helmets shall meet current FIM Helmet Standards for Road Racing.
A neck brace is required.
Helmet liners, neck-brace and helmet balaclavas shall made be with fire-retardant
materials (i.e. NOMEX®).
The minimum standard for the riders’ suits, gloves, and boots is SFI 3-2A/15.
81.19.17
Seat belts and other harness systems
A ‘five point’ seat belt/harness system is required to hold the rider’s body.
Shoulder and seat belts shall be installed according to the manufacturers’
specifications. A label shall show the date of manufacture and the date of inspection
(not older than 5 years).
Shoulder and seat belts shall be attached to a part of the main frame structure. The
harness mounting points on the frame shall be directly in line with the direction of
pull. Bolts cannot be mounted by pushing through the webbing of the harness. Belt
and harness mounting hardware shall not be exposed.
Shoulder harnesses shall not be able to slip off the rider’s shoulders when seated in
position with all belts fastened and adjusted.
Belt/harness systems with latch release shall have a cover over the latch release
which prevents arm restraints from activating the latch assembly inadvertently.
Arm restraints are mandatory with anchor points on the harness assembly and
secured to the frame.
Leg restraints are compulsory for any Streamliner where it is possible for the rider’s
legs to be outside the rider’s compartment from any position while the Streamliner is
rolling.
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Net type leg restraints are acceptable as long as the net allows the rider to exit the
Streamliner without assistance.
81.19.18
Test runs
All new Streamliners shall have made a minimum of three successful trial runs to
demonstrate stability and control prior to a record attempt.
The mandatory runs shall be at speeds which represent a percentage of the
respective class record or of the Streamliners’ design speed to be attained:
Run #1 shall not be more than 50% of the intended class-speed record.
Run #2 shall not be more than 70% of the intended class-speed record.
Run #3 shall not be more than 85% of the intended class-speed record.
Any rider exceeding the speed increment may be subjected to disciplinary action.
Each test run will included parachute deployment and a demonstration of the total
control by the rider of the Streamliner in operation.
Trial runs shall be closely observed by FMN and/or FIM representatives prior to
advancing to the next speed increment.
81.19.19
Rules on assisted starting for Streamliners
In addition to any on-board starting devices, a ’push’ type or ‘tow’-start method is
allowed, if deemed safe by the FIM Steward.
The maximum distance for an assisted start is 400 metres, counting from the
starting point. No assisted starts shall take place within 800 meter (1/2 mile) from
the first timing mark.
Once the ‘400’ metre marker has been passed by the streamliner, no assistance
vehicle is permitted to be on the track during the record attempt.
A flag (min 30 cm x 30 cm / 12”x 12”) attached to the middle of the towline, shall be
visible to the rider.
81.19.20
Support crew
The Streamliner support crew shall present their pre-run checklist and must present
it to the Technical Stewards at the initial vehicle inspection.
2.82
TECHNICAL RULES
POWERED VEHICLES
FOR
Introduction
91
SOLAR
OR
ELECTRICAL
Electric propulsion motorcycles are Category III vehicles with 2 wheels having
traction on one wheel, driven by a motor (or motors) operated by means of
electricity only. Wheels must normally be in contact with the ground.
In the races organised by FIA, with the agreement of FIM, the solar and/or
electrically powered motorcycles are classified in the Category IV of the FIAFIM Alternative Energies Commission regulations under the name of “Solar
and/or electrically powered lightweight vehicles”.
82.01
Groups and classes
82.01.1
Solar electrically powered vehicles
Vehicles propelled by the direct or indirect conversion of solar energy.
82.01.2
Electrically powered vehicles
Vehicles which use electric energy stored on board and which is not
necessary or essentially propelled by the conversion of solar energy.
82.01.3
Weight classes
The solar and/or electrically powered motorcycles are divided into two weight
classes as follows:
•
CLASS 1: Motorcycles up to 150 kg. Pedal drive is permitted in exceptional
circumstances at the organiser’s discretion.
•
CLASS 2:
permitted.
82.02
Motorcycles over 150 kg and up to 300 kg. Pedal drive is not
Vehicle technical passport
In the races promoted by FIA and under Alternative Energies Commission
regulations, all motorcycles must receive an homologation by FIA through a
technical passport.
The passport contains an exact description of the vehicle along with all the
data necessary for the identification of the model concerned. The technical
passport must contain drawings of the power circuit of the vehicle and its
location in it (see article 1.4.6. of FIA technical rules). The technical passport
must be presented at Technical Control.
The organiser has the right to refuse or allow a competitor to take part in the
meeting if the said competitor fails to submit the technical passport of the
motorcycle. It shall be the responsibility of the competitor to obtain the
technical passport for the vehicle, along with any amendments or addenda to
the said form, from the FIA.
82.03
Vehicle road licence
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In the races promoted by FIA and under Alternative Energies Commission
regulations (races on closed track promoted by FMNs or FIM excluded),
motorcycles must possess an official national licence (individual testing or
vehicle type testing), or must at least fulfil all the conditions necessary for
obtaining a national or state licence of the country where the meeting is taking
place.
82.04
IEC Publications (Guidelines)
If no specific rule exists in these Technical Appendices, the relevant IEC
Standard (International Electro-technical Commission Standard) or Report has
to be observed. These IEC Publications, which are available from the national
representative or member of the IEC, are the following:
- IEC 529
Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code).
- IEC 718
Electrical equipment for the supply of energy to battery powered road
vehicles (This International Standard applies to the charging of batteries forelectrical
road vehicles. The aspects covered include battery chargers, their effects upon the
electricity supply system and the connection of their batteries to the power supply
source).
- IEC 783
Wiring and connectors for the road vehicles
(This report is applicable to cabling and connectors used in battery electric road
vehicles).
- IEC 784
Instruments for electric road vehicles
(This report is applicable to the instrumentation of electric road vehicles, excluding
those items which are used as instrumentation in vehicles with internal combustion
engines).
- IEC 785
Rotating machines for electric road vehicles
(This report is applicable to rotating electrical machines [traction motors and
auxiliary motors] of electric road vehicles including hybrids, which are fed from the
main traction batteries).
- IEC786
Controllers for electric road vehicles
(This report is applicable to the equipment on electric vehicles which control the rate
of energy transfer between the traction battery or batteries and the motor or
motors).
82.05
General Prescription
All motorcycles must comply in every respect with all the requirements for road
racing as specified in the Road Racing Technical Rules, unless not specifically
reported in this set of rules.
82.06
Minimum Weight
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This is the actual minimum weight of the empty motorcycle (without any of the
supporting tools used during a meeting). All the liquid tanks (lubrication,
cooling, braking) must be at their normal level defined by the manufacturer.
82.07
Dimensions
The maximum length must not exceed the 5.0 meters and the maximum width
must not exceed the1,2 meters.
82.08
Ballast
It is permitted to make up the weight by using one or several ballast, provided
that they are strong and unitary blocks, fixed by means of tools and able to
have seals affixed to them by the Technical Stewards. An accumulator cannot
be used as ballast.
82.09
Engine
Only electric motors, of various designs, may be used. Other types of motors
are expressly prohibited. A label made from durable material must be affixed
in an easily accessible location and must permanently display the name of the
manufacturer, the motor number, the nominal power output, the type of motor,
the nominal voltage and the IP protection.
82.10
Transmission
The propulsion of the motorcycles must be effected via the wheel (or the
wheels if three-wheels). In race conditions, the vehicle must be capable of
effecting a standing start on an uphill slope with a gradient of 18%.
82.11
Chassis / Frame
The use of titanium in the construction of the chassis/frame or any important
structure is forbidden. The use of titanium alloy nuts and bolts is allowed.
82.12
Wheels and Tyres
A wheel consists of the flange and the rim. A complete wheel is defined as the
flange, rim and tyre. The wheels must be equipped with pneumatic tyres.
Only wheels and tyres which have already been approved for public road use
may be used.
Heating of tyres by any method or their treatment by any chemical substance
is prohibited.
For circuit races, motorcycles will be able to use special tyres, but these must
be made by a recognised manufacturer.
82.13
Chassis number
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A unique number must be embossed visibly on an easily accessible part of the
chassis. In addition, a label made from durable material must be affixed in a
easily accessible location and must permanently display the name of the
manufacturer, the make of the vehicle and its chassis number.
82.14
Bodywork
Bodywork externally: all the entirely suspended parts of the vehicle licked by
the air-stream.
All parts of the bodywork must be fully finished and manufactured with due
care.
82.15
Lighting
All lighting equipment and head must comply with the legal requirements of the
country in which the meeting is taking place, or with the International Conventions
on road traffic. Only lighting equipment bearing the EU test mark or a national
equivalent may be used.
The lighting equipment (if it exists) must be in working order throughout the
duration of the meeting, even if the entire meeting is run in daylight.
Throughout the duration of the meeting, the on-board accumulator and/or
circuit must have a voltage of 13 volts, with a tolerance of +/- 1 volt, for a 12
volt lighting installation. For any other installation, the voltage must be
appropriate to that of the lighting installation. This must be the case when the
vehicle’s accumulator is partially or totally discharged.
In race, motorcycles can remove or must tape all lights.
82.16
Conformity with the appendices
It is the duty of each competitors to show the Technical Stewards and to the
Technical Stewards of the meeting that his vehicle fully complies with these
rules governing the meeting in their entirety at all times during the meeting.
82.17
Electrical equipment
82.17.1
Accumulator (storage battery)
The accumulator must be defined as any equipment used for the intermediate
storage of electrical energy supplied by the solar generator or by the charging
unit. The accumulator must be checked and sealed at Technical Control. The
Technical Stewards may permit, that the accumulator may be changed
(partially or as a whole) during the meeting, under the control of the Chief
Technical Steward.
95
Any on-board accumulator is considered as an integral part of the vehicle’s
accumulator. All on-board electrical equipment, unless consisting of items
originally powered by dry batteries, small accumulator or their own solar cells,
must receive its energy supply from the vehicle’s official accumulator (this also
applies to communication’s equipment).
The following accumulators are permitted:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Lead-Acid
Nickel-Cadmium
Nickel-Iron
Zinc-Bromium
Nickel-Metal-Hydribe
Lithium
Request for additions to this list must be sent to the Commission 3 months in
advance, giving full details of chemistry. A fee may be required.
Accumulators, more than 5% of whose weight consists of gold, silver or
platinum, are not allowed.
82.17.2
Operating voltage
The voltage is limited to 1000 volts between two points (See Art 82 for safety
provisions).
82.17.3
Energy capacity of the accumulator
The capacity C1 is the capacity of the accumulator in Ah at a battery
temperature of 25°C and for a complete battery discharge within a maximum
of 1 hour.
The capacity C5 is the capacity of the accumulator in Ah at a battery
temperature of 25°C and for a complete battery discharge within a maximum
of 5 hours.
The capacity C20 is the capacity of the accumulator in Ah at a battery
temperature of 25°C and for a complete battery discharge within a maximum
of 20 hours.
The energy is calculated as the result of the product of the nominal voltage of
the vehicle’s accumulator in volts and the capacity C5 in Ah. The energy
capacity must be expressed in KWh.
82.17.4
Charging the accumulator
The vehicle’s accumulators must be charged at the times and locations
determined by the organiser of the meeting. Vehicles must recharge their
accumulators at the main recharging station (“grid compounding station”).
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By day between 08.00 a.m. and 08.00 p.m., the minimum charging time will be
1 hour and the maximum charging 4 hours.
By night, between 08.00 p.m. and 08.00 a.m., the minimum charging time will
be 8 hours.
82.17.5
Measurement conditions of the maximum voltage
The maximum voltage has to be measured at least 15 minutes after the end of
charging of the accumulator.
82.17.6
Energy recovery
It is permitted to recover energy generated by the kinetic energy of the vehicle.
It is not permitted to have stored energy in such devices before the start of the
meeting.
82.17.7
Use of outside energy sources
The use of any other source of energy in any form whatsoever with the aim of
improving the performance of the vehicle is strictly prohibited. The cooling
system must be driven only by the vehicle’s official accumulator.
82.18
Solar generator
82.18.1
Solar cell
A solar cell is a photo-voltaic element which is used to convert solar radiation
into electrical energy. All types of solar cells may be used.
82.18.2
Module
A module consists of several solar cells put together to make one mechanical
unit.
82.18.3
Solar generator
A solar generator is the interconnection of modules made up of any number of
solar cells. Throughout the duration of the meeting, the size of the solar
generator must be neither increased, nor reduced.
In the event of a defect, individual modules may be replaced. It is also
permitted to optimise, by electronic means, the operation point of the solar
generator.
The solar generator must be firmly fixed to the competing motorcycle, and
installed in such a way that its position in relation to the motorcycle cannot be
changed whilst the vehicle is in motion. The entire active surface of the solar
generator must be exposed to the sun when the motorcycle is in motion.
97
To charge the accumulators while the vehicle is at standstill, the position of the
solar generator’s surface may be altered or the motorcycle may be jacked up.
Between the solar generator and the accumulator, two measuring points (plus
and minus polarity) must be inserted, allowing the measurement of the total
solar generator output.
During the measurement, the entire generator must be electrically separated
from the remaining vehicle circuit.
The solar generator may be used to generate electricity for the competing
motorcycles as follows:
Two wheel vehicles may carry a solar generator of maximum output 120 Wp.
The stationary solar generator system must have a power output of at least
200 Wp.
82.18.4
Measurements
All data and measurements and the calculations based upon them for solar
generators and other parts of the electrical equipment must be valid at an
ambient temperature of 25°C.
When the solar generator power output is to be converted from ambient
temperature to cell temperature, the following operation must be applied:
The power at an ambient temperature of 25°C, multiplied by 1.17, equals the
power of generator for a cell temperature of 25°C.
The tolerance for measuring the electrical circuits is +/- 5%. Maximum power
point (MPP): This is the maximum power for a solar radiation of 1 kW/m2 at
the level of the solar generator.
82.19
Certificate of access to solar energy recharging station
At Technical Control, all motorcycles must present an official certificate for the
possession of, or the right to obtain, power from such a station (grid
compounding station).
82.20
Charging units
Charging units are not compulsory on board solar and/or electrical
motorcycles (FIA Category IV).
82.21
Charging from the mains
For each vehicle designed for mains power charging, there must be an
officially assigned mains power connection (socket) at the grid compounding
station. The socket and the plug of the charging unit cable of the vehicle must
98
be marked during the meeting with the starting number of the motorcycle.
Schuko-sockets (German - system) or IEC sockets will normally be used.
The organiser must publish the kind of sockets in the latest communication.
Each socket must be protected by a corresponding automatic fuse (see
current of the charging unit) and an automatic ground fault current interrupter
(FI) with 0,03 Ampere release current.
During possible random checks, the mains voltage and current consumption
will be measured with a volt- and an ampere-meter at the official socket of the
motorcycle at the grid compounding station over a period of 1 to 2 minutes.
In cases where the effective (root-mean-square) mains current (“I eff”) of the
charging unit exceeds the following maximum values, measured at the official
socket of the vehicle at the grid compounding station, the competitor shall be
fined.
Nominal mains voltage
100 V to 130 V
200 V to 250 V
Effective mains current (I eff)
32 Ampere
16 Ampere
The charging energy obtained from the grid compounding station must be
measured for rallies and may be measured for races by the organiser using
energy meters (counter). An official is required to monitor the grid
compounding station continuously.
Where a motorcycle’s accumulator is charged by means of a socket other than
the official assigned socket or by means of a socket belonging to another
competitor, the guilty competitor shall be excluded.
82.22
Electrical drawings
One electrical drawing (A4 dimension) of all essential power circuits of the
electrical equipment of the motorcycle is compulsory.
This circuit drawing must contain accumulators, fuses, circuit breakers, power
switches, capacitors, motor controller or chopper, motor(s), charging units and
junction cables.
All components in the circuit drawing must be labelled with their detailed
electrical specifications. A second drawing of the vehicle in plan form (from
above) must show the location of these components within the vehicle.
Both said electrical drawings are an integral part of the vehicle technical
passport.
82.23
Safety equipment
82.23.1
Dangerous construction
99
Any motorcycle whose construction is deemed to be dangerous must be
excluded by the Technical Stewards of the meeting.
82.23.2
Optional devices
If any device is optional, it must be fitted in a way that complies with the
appendices.
82.23.3
Cables, lines and electric equipment
Brake lines, electrical cables and electrical equipment must be protected
against any risk of damages (stones, corrosion, mechanical failure, etc.) when
fitted outside the vehicle. If the series production fitting is retained, no
additional protection is necessary.
82.23.4
Brakes
Art. 01.41 of the Road Racing Technical Rules is valid in general.
In general, minimum mean braking deceleration must be:
•
•
Both brakes together: 4.5 m/s2
One brake alone: 2.5 m/s2
82.23.5
Rear view
On open road, the rear view must be ensured by means of two mirrors. During
races on closed tracks, the rear mirrors must be taken off.
82.23.6
Electrical safety
All vehicles must comply exactly with the regulations of the national authorities
with regard to the standardisation and control of low-voltage electrical
installations (see Art. 82.14.2 regarding operating voltage).
Likewise, the regulations of the IEC (International Electro-technical
Commission Standard) (e.g. IEC 529,718,783,784,785 and 786), or of the
national representative or member of the IEC (e.g. VDE/SEV) must be
observed.
In no part of electrical equipment may there be voltages of more than 500 volt
referred to earth and system ground respectively (system ground is the ground
of the electrical equipment). Between system ground and chassis or body of
the vehicle no more than 50 volts are allowed.
The voltage is limited to 1000 volt between two points. In cases where the
voltage of the power circuit exceeds 42 volt, this power circuit must be
separated from the onboard circuit by an adequate insulator.
100
Symbols warning of 'High Voltage' must be displayed on or near the electrical
equipment protective covers; the symbol must comprise a black flash of
lighting inside a yellow triangle with a black border. The sides of the triangle
must measure at least 12 cm.
The power circuit consists of all those parts of the electrical equipment which
are used for moving the motorcycle. The on-board circuit consists of all those
parts of the electrical equipment which are used for signalling, lighting or
communication.
All parts of the electrical equipment must be protected using at least IP 44 type
protection (dust proof and splash proof). However, it is recommended that IP
55 type protection be used (fully dust - and splash proof)
(See e.g. IEC 529 – art. 4.2).
82.23.7
General circuit breaker – 'Emergency Stop'
The general circuit must include a red button - the Emergency Stop Button and a yellow disc of at least 8 cm in diameter reading 'Emergency' in red or
black letters.
When seated in a normal riding position, the rider must be capable of
interrupting all electrical transmission between the accumulators and the
energy consumers by means of a spark-proof general circuit breaker - the
Emergency Stop Button - situated in front of him. This button must be located
in such a way that it can be also operated from outside the vehicle.
In order to prevent contact melting of the general circuit breaker its [ I² t ]
(ampere square seconds characteristics, representing heat energy dissipated
on the breaker contacts during switching) must be sufficient to guarantee
proper operation of the circuit breaker, even under surge current conditions, in
particular those occurring during the connection of the accumulator to the
power plug.
82.23.8
Fuses (over-current trip switches)
An over-current trip is a device which automatically interrupts the electrical
current in which it is installed if the level of this current exceeds a defined limit
value for a specific period of time.
Fuses and circuit breakers (but never the motor circuit breaker) count as overcurrent trips. Extra fast electronic circuit fuses and fast fuses are appropriate.
The fuses must be in an easily accessible location and as close as possible to
the accumulator at both polarities.
All electrical cables inside the motorcycle must be protected by means of over
currents trips rated according to the diameter of the individual conductors.
Over-current trips must under no circumstances replace the circuit breaker
(Emergency Stop Button).
101
82.23.9
General electric safety
It must be ensured that the components used cannot cause injury under any
circumstances, either during normal operation or in foreseeable cases of
malfunction. It must be ensured that the components used for protecting
persons or objects can reliably fulfil their function for an appropriate length of
time.
82.23.10
Insulation resistance
Every part of the electrical equipment must have a minimum insulation
resistance between all live components and earth.
•
•
For equipment with up to 300 volt to earth, the insulation resistance must
reach the following value: 250 k Ohms.
For equipment with more than 300 volt to earth, the insulation resistance
must reach the following value: 500 k Ohms.
The measurement of the insulation resistance must be carried out using a d.c.
voltage of at least 100 volt.
82.23.11
Dielectric strength
All electrical equipment of the vehicle conducting electrically must fulfil the
following conditions:
With regard to the dielectric strength, a distinction must be made between
material with light, normal or reinforced insulation.
Normal insulation is insulation which can withstand a test voltage of at least
2000 volt at 50 hertz for a period of one minute. It must only be used for
electrical circuits with a nominal voltage not exceeding 500 volt.
Reinforced insulation is insulation which can withstand a test voltage of at
least 4000 volt at 50 hertz for a period of one minute. It must only be used for
components with a nominal voltage not exceeding 1000 volt.
Light insulation must not be used (except for the on board circuit). All
electrically live parts must be protected against accidental contact. Insulating
material not having sufficient mechanical resistance, i.e. paint coating, enamel,
oxides, fibre coatings (soaked or not) or insulating tapes are not accepted.
All electrically conducting non live parts must be connected with the
motorcycle ground.
82.23.12
Capacitors
Voltage across capacitors belonging to the power circuit should fall below 65
volt within 5 seconds after the general circuit breaker is opened or the over
current trips of the accumulator are blown.
102
82.23.13
Accumulator fastening
The accumulator must be installed securely inside the vehicle and be
protected against short-circuits and leakage. The accumulator must be
attached to the body using metal clamps with an insulating covering, fixed by
bolts and nuts (bolts with a diameter of at least 10 mm).
The fixing method must be designed in such a way that neither the
accumulator nor the fastening device itself nor its anchorage points can come
loose, even when subjected to a crash.
A solid partitioning bulkhead must separate the location of accumulator from
the rider. Each accumulator box must include an air intake with its exit.
82.23.14
Horn
All vehicles must be fitted with a homologated acoustic horn, capable of
generating an uninterrupted sound of 90 dB(A).
82.23.15
Speedometer
Motorcycles running on open road must be fitted with a speedometer which
must be situated within the driver’s field of vision. The indicated speed must
not be less than the actual speed of the vehicle.
2.83
TECHNICAL RULES FOR DRAG RACING MOTORCYCLES
83.01
GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
83.01.1
Brakes
Motorcycles must be equipped with two independent brakes, working on two
wheels. Disc brake minimum diameter 175 mm, drum brake minimum diameter 150
mm. Motorcycles over 500 cc must have front disc brake.
Minimum 250 x 5 mm for single disc. Minimum 220 x 5 mm for dual discs.
83.01.2
Wheels
The motorcycle must be equipped with a front wheel made for a motorcycle. The
rear rim should not be more than 50 mm narrower than contact surface of rear tyre.
The minimum front rim should be WM 1 x 16".
83.01.3
Tyres and Tubes
Tyres should be slick type, or have a minimum tread depth of 2 mm. Motorcycles
with top speed exceeding 200 km/h should have front tyres with at least 'V'-rating,
103
or be of road racing type. Tubes for rear tyres should be of natural rubber, racing
type. (See also Art. 49.06.10). Metal dust caps with rubber gasket must be fitted.
83.01.4
Frames
Stress-bearing tubes in the frame should be at least 20 x 1,5 mm. If a single
backbone tube is used, it should be at least 50 mm. The engine should not be a
stressed part of the frame. The engine should be located so that a safe weight
distribution is achieved.
83.01.5
Ground Clearance
Minimum ground clearance with rider in position and 0.5 bar tyre pressure is
50 mm. It must be possible to lean the motorcycle 12 degrees to each side from the
upright position, without any part of the motorcycle, except the wheels, touching the
ground.
83.01.6
Front Forks
The front fork must be of the hydraulic type. Fork tubes may not extend more than
30 mm above the top fork crown. Minimum stroke: 50 mm. No part of the
motorcycle, except the wheels, may touch the ground with the forks bottomed.
Top fork tubes must have a minimum diameter of: 350-750 cc motorcycles, 28 mm,
750 cc and larger, 32 mm.
83.01.7
Handlebars - See Art. 01.33
83.01.8
Control Levers - See Art. 01.35
83.01.9
Streamlining
Streamlining must be made so the rider can jump on and off the motorcycle without
removing any parts of it. It must not create difficulties for the rider to control the
motorcycle.
83.01.10
Seats
Seats must be constructed to give the rider a safe riding position, and must not be
dangerously uncomfortable.
83.01.11
Wheeliebars
Wheeliebars are permitted, and strongly recommended in Competition Bike, Funny
Bike and Pro Stock Bike.
83.01.12
Protective Covers
All open transmissions must have a cover to prevent accidental contact with rotating
parts. Mechanically driven compressors must have a cover of at least 3 mm steel, 5
104
mm aluminium or approved explosion-proof blanket. Outboard mounted clutches
must have a cover of at least 3 mm aluminium, or 1 mm steel.
83.01.13
Compressors
Mechanically driven compressors, on motorcycles running on nitromethane, must
have a "pop-off valve", rubber connection to the intake manifold or some other
device to protect it from explosions.
83.01.14
Fuel Tanks
Fuel tank must be securely mounted to the frame.
83.01.15
Fuel Systems
All motorcycles must have operational fuel shut-off valves. All fuel lines must be
locked or wired. Pump driven fuel injection systems must have high pressure tubes
such as aeroquip or similar. Motorcycles running other fuels than gasoline or alcohol,
and engines which cannot be stopped with the ignition must have a fast acting fuel
shut-off valve. It must be positioned so the rider can operate it from the handlebar
with both hands on the handlebar.
It must also be designed to shut off the fuel to the engine if the rider leaves the
motorcycle, and must work in any direction. The shut-off valve must always be
connected to the rider by a cord of not more than one metre extended length when
starting the engine.
83.01.16
Carburettors and Fuel Injection
All motorcycles must have the throttle controlled by a hand operated twist grip,
incorporating a positive acting spring attached directly to the carburettor
mechanism.
The throttle must close automatically upon releasing the twist grip. For any
motorcycle running on nitromethane fuel, it is mandatory to have a positive return
cable as well as a return spring, i.e. a push-pull twist grip.
Motorcycles using automatic clutches must be fitted with a safety device that will
prevent the throttle opening whilst the assistant pushes the machine back to the
starting line after the burn out.
83.01.17
Kill Switch
The motorcycle must be equipped with an electrical contact which disconnects all
electricity to the engine (and nitrous oxide system, if used) if the rider should lose
control of the motorcycle. This must be connected to the rider whenever the engine
is started.
83.01.18
Oil Catch Tanks
105
Where an oil breather pipe is fitted, the outlet must discharge into a catch tank. (See
also Arts. 56.02 and 56.04). The catch tank capacity being of 0.5 litre for
atmospheric engines and 2 litres for supercharged engines.
83.01.19
Safety Wiring
All oil drain plugs and nuts and bolts that will cause an instant oil leak if they come
lose, must be safety-wired. Other nuts and bolts must be secured by any locking
agents.
83.01.20
Chain
Chain should be of closed type without master link, or the master link should be
safety-wired.
83.01.21
Exhaust Pipes
Exhaust pipes may not extend behind the rear wheel, and should be directed away
from the rider, gas tank and tyres. Flexible pipes are not allowed.
83.01.22
Gear Change
The gear change mechanism must be constructed so it can be operated by the rider
with both hands on the handlebar.
83.01.23
Ballast
The ballast must be securely fastened to the frame or the engine.
83.01.24
Starting
All motorcycles must be self-starting. Rollers or push-start are not allowed.
A portable starting device which operates with the motorcycle clutch, working as a
neutral, with the drive disengaged, is permitted.
83.01.25
Centrifugal Clutches
Motorcycles with engine driven centrifugal clutches may not be run in the pits unless
the rear wheel is elevated off the ground on a strong, safe support stand.
83.01.26
Car Engines
Car engines are only allowed if the motorcycle is constructed so the weight and
weight distribution is similar to a motorcycle with a motorcycle engine.
83.01.27
Computers
Computers may be used, during practice, for information gathering only. All
electronic systems, including electronically assisted traction control system, apart
106
from the ignition and injection, are strictly forbidden during the race. Throttle
operation, shifting, clutch actuation, and braking, etc. are to be solely under the
control of the rider.
83.01.28
Number plates - See Art. 2.3.20
83.02
Additional Specifications for PRO BIKES
83.02.1
Definition
This class will be for standard appearance (factory produced motorcycles available
to the general public, modified for drag racing) gasoline burning motorcycles.
83.02.2
Frames
After market frames are permitted. Steering head geometry, trail and wheel base
may be changed if done in a safe and professional manner. Steering head angle
may not be less than standard rake or more than 40 degrees maximum rake.
Maximum wheel base is 1780 mm, measured from the most extendible point on the
swing arm.
83.02.3
Front Suspension
Minimum usable travel: 40 mm, inner tube diameter minimum 34 mm. Replacement
front ends are allowed. A steering dampener is recommended and may not act as a
fork stop
83.02.4
Brakes
Hydraulic type, minimum front brake diameter: dual 200 mm X 5 mm width; single
250 mm diameter X 5 mm
83.02.5
Controls
All handlebar controls must remain in standard location. Replacement bars are
permitted. Welded aluminium bars are prohibited. Welded steel or chrome-moly
extensions are allowed but cannot extend more than 100 mm from standard
location. Minimum handlebar width is 500 mm.
Brake pedals and foot pegs may be rear set, but must be at least 380 mm in front of
rear axle. Foot pegs must be rounded with a solid spherical radius of not less than 8
mm.
83.02.6
Body
All main body parts must have standard appearance and shape and cannot be
mixed between models. Body parts must have originally been produced with a
motorcycle, with an engine capacity of 750 cc or larger.
107
Replacement parts must have retained the shape of the standard parts they
replace. Lower portion of the fairing may be modified for exhaust pipe clearance or
removed completely.
The body must have a simulated head- and taillight of the same configuration and
design from the specific body it replaces. Additional holes for air passage are
prohibited.
All aerodynamic devices are prohibited unless originally incorporated in the same
OEM of that year.
The windscreen may be trimmed.
83.02.7
Seats
A custom seat with an additional support to prevent the rider from sliding to the rear
is permitted. The seat/tail section and rear fender may be incorporated in one unit.
Minimum seat height from lowest point of seat to ground is 500 mm.
83.02.8
Wheels
Replacement wheels are permitted front and rear. Front: 16" minimum, 19"
maximum, or as standard. Rear: 15" minimum.
83.02.9
Tyres
Front tyre minimum width 2.75". Maximum rear tyre (rubber on ground) 10
83.02.10
Wheeliebar
Maximum length of 3,300 mm from centre of front axle to centre of wheeliebar axle,
measured in a straight line from axle to axle. Wheels must be non metallic.
83.02.11
Engine
Manufacturer of the engine will determine the make of the bike. The engine must be
of a type specifically designed and manufactured for a production motorcycle. The
original manufacturer’s crankshaft and its standard stroke must be used. Any
modifications to the main engine cases are not allowed, except for repair purposes.
Two cylinder and two stroke engine crank and cases may be changed.
83.02.12
Cylinder head
Cylinder head casting must be manufactured by the same manufacturer of the main
engine cases. The original cylinder head casting can be modified.
83.02.13
Fuel Injection
Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) electronic fuel injection modifications are
unlimited provided the injector bodies are OEM parts.
108
83.02.14
Ignition
Any ignition is allowed, including magnetos.
83.02.15
Fuel
Pump fuel or racing gasolene is permitted. As of 01.01.2001, fuel must comply with
the specifications as written in Art. 01.63.
83.02.16
Weight Limits
Minimum weights of bike and rider equipped with:
2-valve DOHC
4 or 5 valve
4 or 5 valve
4 or 5 valve
2 cylinder / pushrod
2 cylinder
2-stroke
83.02.17
265 kg
265 kg
270 kg
280 kg
250 kg
220 kg
220 kg/n²o allowed
max. 1500 cc
max. 1300 cc
max. 1350 cc
max. 1500 cc
max. 2300 cc
max. 1000 cc
max. 1000 cc
Transmission
Any transmission with a minimum of four forward and a maximum of six forward
gears may be used. The transmission must be shifted from gear to gear manually or
by air shifter. RPM or computer-shifted gear boxes are prohibited. The transmission
must be contained within the standard crankcases, except for two cylinder or 2stroke engines.
2.84
TECHNICAL RULES FOR SPRINTERS
Vehicles in Group B, including sprinters, must be fitted with at least 2 efficient
brakes operating on at least 2 of the wheels and operated independently and
concentrically with the wheel.
84.01
Specification of vehicle
All machines must be Category II motorcycles and also comply with the following
requirements.
84.02
Size of tyres
There is no restriction on the type or size of tyres to be used.
84.03
Mudguards
Mudguards are not compulsory.
109
84.04
Exhaust pipes
The end of the exhaust pipe or pipes may project beyond any part of the vehicle or
its body work. Any provision for the discharge of waste or surplus oil must be so
made that it does not inconvenience a following rider.
84.05
Superchargers
The use of superchargers is permitted (see Art. 2.2.2).
84.06
Handlebars
The minimum angle of rotation of the handlebars, each side of the centre-line midposition must be 20°.
Whatever the position of the handlebars, it must not be possible for the front wheel
to come into contact with any part of the streamlining.
It is compulsory to fit a stop or stops or other devices to ensure a minimum
clearance of 30 mm between the handlebars and tank, when on full lock, to prevent
the trapping of the rider's fingers.
84.07
Footrests
The footrests for the rider must be positioned to give easy access to any control
pedal. The ends of the footrest must be rounded with a spherical radius of not less
than 8 mm (see Art. 39).
84.08
Streamlining
Unless otherwise stated in the Supplementary Regulations, there is no restriction on
the type of streamlining of a motorcycle, except that there must be a clearance of at
least 20 mm between the streamlining and the extremities of the handlebars or
other form of steering device, including any attachments thereto, whatever the
position of the handlebars.
Should the streamlining totally enclose the rider and/or passenger, a fire wall must
be installed between the engine and the rider and passenger and, a substantial roll
bar must be securely fitted.
Any streamlining must be approved by the Technical Steward, before the
motorcycle can be driven in any meeting or in the practice.
84.09
Additional Specifications for THREE WHEEL SPRINTERS
All vehicles in groups B1 and B2 shall comply with the following:
84.09.1
tracks.
The three road wheels may be disposed to give either two or three
110
84.09.2
800 mm.
The wheel track, or lateral distance between tracks must be at least
84.09.3
The position of the engine is optional. The engine may drive one or
more road wheels.
84.09.4
The provision of the coach work or streamlining is optional, but the
vehicle must have accommodation for one or more passengers.
84.09.5
The passenger must always be completely protected from the road
wheels and drive (both primary and final), either by mudguards or some other
means.
84.09.6
A passenger or ballast must be carried in addition to the rider. If a
passenger is replaced by ballast, the ballast must weight not less than 60 kg and
must be securely affixed under the supervision of the Technical Steward.
2.85
TECHNICAL RULES FOR SCOOTERS AND AUTOMATIC 50 CC
85.01
General specifications
All vehicles must belong to Category I, Group A2 and Group A3, as specified in this
Appendix and must comply with the following requirements.
A minimum quantity of 1000 units per year must be produced by the manufacturers
and homologated for road use and conform to the Vienna Convention of 1968.
In case of conflict, the following specifications have priority.
85.02
Classes
• 50 cc Scooter
• Moped
85.03
Weight
• 50 cc Scooter: 65 kg
55 kg
• Moped:
85.04
Materials
It is forbidden to use the following materials:
titanium.
85.05
composite fibres, magnesium and
Engine
The original crankcase/swing-arm unit may be modified, but from parts normally
available from commercial or retail sources. (They shall appear on a manufacturer's
111
range catalogue or an equipment retailer's catalogue, specialised in parts for
competition).
Devices aimed at automatically modifying distribution diagrams of the engine are
forbidden (fixed port and/or valve, inlet and exhaust timing only, if not installed on
the originally homologated model, with the exception of the CDI).
85.06
Carburettor
The section of the carburettor (venturi) must be :
• 50 cc Scooter:
• Moped:
85.07
•
•
Cooling system
50 cc Scooter:
Moped:
85.08
Maximum ∅ 19 mm
Maximum ∅ 19 mm
Same system as original
Free
Exhaust Pipe
See Arts. 2.3.6. Devices aimed at automatically modifying exhaust pipe volumes are
forbidden.
85.09
Transmission
85.09.1
Transmissions must, in principle, be automatic. However, it is permitted
to incorporate a manually operated transmission ratio locking device, except for
scooters.
85.09.2
Manual clutch forbidden.
85.09.3
Exposed rotating parts of engine or transmission must be fitted with
guards in such a manner that under no circumstances can the rider come into
accidental contact. The original clutch basket must be reinforced with a steel ring.
85.10
Main frame
For Moped: Main frame and frame parts normally available from commercial or retail
sources. They shall appear on the Moped manufacturer's range catalogue or
adaptable spare parts lists available to the general public.
For Scooters: The original frame may be only reinforced, the engine/swing-arm
mounting can be reinforced, and the rubber absorption blocks may be substituted
by bearings.
85.11
Handlebar
The width of the handlebar shall be between 400 mm and 650 mm maximum.
112
85.12
Mudguards
Front mudguards are compulsory, if mounted on the originally homologated model.
85.12.1
Scooter supplementary
No other fairings or aerodynamic devices may be used, apart from the original
streamlining or fairing.
85.13
Fairing/Body work
For scooters only, the headlight fairing, if originally mounted must turn with the
handlebars.
85.14
Footrests
For safety reasons, pedals must be removed for competition racing.
Footrests (except for Scooters) must be of the folding type or made from easily
breakable material (plastic, etc.)
For scooters, the rider will drive with his feet on the platform for footrests (Art. 2.2
RRTR: category I - group A3).
85.15
Tyres
Only tyres normally available from commercial or retail sources as equipment for road
use are permitted. They shall appear on the tyre manufacturer's range catalogue or
tyre specification lists available to the general public.
For mopeds, the total width of the tyre, mounted, shall not be more than 3.00" or 80
mm.
For scooters, tyres must be as original and the maximum rim diameter must not
exceed 400 mm. Tyre dimensions are free, but compatible with the ETRTO.
85.16
Ignition cut-out
An ignition cut-out must be fitted to operate when the rider leaves the machine. This
ignition cut-out system must interrupt the primary circuit and must be wired for both
the supply and return of the current. It must be placed as near to the centre of the
handlebar as possible and must be operated by a non-elastic string of adequate
length and thickness and strapped to the rider's right-hand wrist. A spiral cable
(similar to that of a telephone wire) of maximum 1 m extended length is permitted.
The handlebars and the forks cannot be used as part of the electrical circuit:
compulsory for mopeds, recommended for scooters.
85.17
Noise
113
The maximum noise level is 95 dB/A, measured at 5,000 RPM. During the noise
control, the moped must be placed on a stand. The rider shall keep his engine running
and shall increase the engine speed until it reaches the RPM level indicated above.
85.18
Fuel and Oil Tank
Must remain as original.
-------------------------------
114
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