Reflexive Verbs Verbs that are done to oneself

Reflexive Verbs Verbs that are done to oneself

Reflexive Verbs

Verbs that are done to oneself

What are Reflexive Verbs?

A verb is reflexive when the subject

(the performer of the action) and the object (the receiver of the action) are the same person.

Example: I wash myself

I and myself are the same person.

En otras palabras….

the subject does the action of the verb to itself

Por ejemplo: I wash my hair, You wash your hair, They wash their hair, etc.

Reflexive Verbs have 2 parts

1) A reflexive pronoun

2) A verb

You know a verb is reflexive when “se” is added to the end of the infinitive

Example: lavarse, arreglarse, sentarse

Conjugation of Reflexive Verbs

1) Conjugate the verb based on the subject of the sentence

2) Add the reflexive pronoun that corresponds with the subject.

3) The subject goes before the reflexive pronoun.

Example: yo me lavo tú te lavas

The reflexive pronouns are…

Me - myself

Te - yourself

Se

– himself herself yourself

Nos - ourselves

Os - yourselves

Se

– themselves yourselves

Another rule……

When you are doing an action to a part of your body, you use a definite article

– NOT a possessive adjective.

Example:

I paint my nails. Me pinto las uñas.

He brushes his teeth. Él se cepilla los dientes.

Reflexive Verbs with

2-verb sentence structure

When you have a sentence with two verbs, there are two correct ways in which you may use the reflexive verbs.

You can either put the reflexive verb before the conjugated verb ….. or

You can attach it to the infinitive

PLEASE NOTE THAT

THE REFLEXIVE

PRONOUN MUST

AGREE WITH THE

SUBJECT !!!!!

Examples

Both ways are correct!!!!!

I want to take a bath now.

#1: Yo me quiero bañar ahora.

#2: Yo quiero bañarme ahora.

More Examples

The students are going to wake up at

7:00.

#1 Los estudiantes se van a despertar a las 7.

#2: Los estudiantes van a despertarse a las 7.

More examples…

We have to go to bed early.

#1: Nos tenemos que acostar temprano.

#2: Tenemos que acostarnos temprano.

You are able to sit down in the chair.

#1: Tú te puedes sentar en la silla.

#2: Tú puedes sentarte en la silla.

Antes de… Después de

When saying that something was done before or after an action, you use antes de + infinitive después de + infinitive

Before leaving

– antes de salir

After arriving

– después de llegar

Antes de + reflexive verb

Antes de lavarme…

Before I wash myself…

Antes de cepillarte los dientes…

Before you brush your teeth…

Después de prepararnos…

After preparing ourselves….

Una Prueba…..

I take a bath.

You wash your hair.

He dries himself with a towel.

We fix our hair.

The girls put make-up on.

We take off our hats in school.

Las Respuestas

I take a bath.

Me baño

You wash your hair.

Tú te lavas el pelo.

Juan dries himself with a towel.

Juan se seca con una toalla.

We fix our hair.

Nos arreglamos el pelo.

The girls put make-up on.

Las chicas se maquillan.

We take off our hats in school.

Nos quitamos las gorras en la escuela.

2-verb sentence structure

I am able to get dressed.

She wants to get up late.

They have to paint their nails.

I am going to fall down here.

I am able to get dressed.

Yo me puedo vestir.

Yo puedo vestirme.

She wants to get up late.

Ella se quiere levantar tarde.

Ella quiere levantarse tarde.

They have to paint their nails.

Ellos se pueden pintar las uñas.

Ellos pueden pintarsse las uñas.

I am going to fall down here.

Me voy a caer aqui.

Voy a caerme aqui.

El Fin

Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement