Video Seven VGA-16 - Users Guide

Video Seven VGA-16 - Users Guide

VGA-16

User's Guide

FCC Notice

FCC ID: D2A62LTJWBJC Certified to comply with the limits for a Class Bcomputing device in accordance with the specifications in Subpart J, Part 15 of FCC Rules. See instructions below if interference to Radio or Television reception is suspected.

Radio and Television Interference

The equipment described in this manual generates radio-frequency energy. If it is not installed and used properly it may cause interference with radio and television reception. The monitor you purchase must also comply with the limits for Class Bcomputing devices in accordance with the specifications in Subpart J, Part 15, of FCC rules. These rules are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation.

The cable connection between the computer and the monitor must be ashielded cable with the shield properly grounded. There is no guarantee that interference will not occure in a particular installation, especially if a telescoping-rod type antenna is used. You can determine if your equipment is the cause of interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the computer or the monitor. To correct the problem try:

1. Turning the TV or radio antenna until the interference stops.

2. Moving the computer further away from the TV or radio.

3. Moving the computer from one side of the TV or radio to the other.

4. Plugging the computer into an outlet on a different circuit breaker or fuse than the TV or

Radio.

5. Installing a rooftop antenna connected to your TV and radio with coaxial cable.

6. Identifying the offending piece of hardware (e.g., monitor or computer) by selectively turning them off one at a time an checking for interference.

If necessary, you should consult your computer dealer for additional suggestions. You may find the booklet How to Identify and Resolve Radio-TV Interference Problems prepared by the Federal

Communications Commission helpful. This booklet is available from the U.S. Government Printing

Office, Washington, DC 20402. Refer to Stock Number: 004-000-00345-4.

Trademark Acknowledgements

The following are registered and unregistered trademarks of the companies listed: IBM Personal

System/2, PS/2

Model 30, International Business Machines; Hercules, Hercules Computer

Technology, Inc.; MultiSync, NEC Home Electronics (USA); Microsoft Windows, Microsoft

Corporation; MultiScan, Sony Corporation.

Copyright Notice

This manual is copyrighted. All rights are reserved. This document may not, in whole or part, be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium or machine readable form without prior consent, in writing, from VIDEO SEVEN INC.

©

1988 by VIDEO SEVEN INC.

46335 Landing Parkway

Fremont, CA 94538

Patent Pending

PIN

700·0234

VGA-16 USER'S GUIDE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part 1: VGA-16 Installation

3 What You Need

3 About this Manual

8 Quick Start Guide

10 VGA- 16' s Compatibility with your Computer System

12 VGA- 16' s Compatibility with your Monitor

12 VGA-16's Compatibility with your Software

13 Setting the VGA- 16 Switches

15 Preparing Your Computer

17 Configuring Your Computer

20 Installing VGA-16 Card in Expansion Slot

23 Closing Your Computer

25 About Your Applications Software

26 VGA- 16 Installation Program

27

28

Screen Saver

RAMBIOS Driver

Part 2: VGA-16 Utilities

31 VGA Utility Menu

32 Screen Saver

35 When Software Does Not Work With Screen Saver

37 Emulation Modes

38 About Monochrome Emulation

38 About 100% VGA Compatibility

42 Switch Monitor Type

42 Multiple VGA Commands

43 Backwards Compatibility

44 VGAANSI.SYS

45 Directory List Utility

46 Enhanced Mode Clear Screen

47 Setting Text Modes

48 List of Text and Graphics Modes

49 Diagnostics

PAGE 1

Part 3: Application Software

51

Introduction

53 AutoCAD

60 Lotus 1-2-3 and Symphony

62 Windows 2.0x

Appendices

63 Appendix A: Two Monitor Systems

65 Appendix B: Technical Information

67 Appendix C: Troubleshooting the VGA-16 Installation

PAGE 2

PART 1: VGA-16 INSTALLATION

WHAT YOU NEED

o

Computer 100% compatible with IBM PC/XT/AT or PS/2

Model 30 o

Open 8-bit or 16-bit System Expansion Slot o

MS-DOS or PC-DOS operating system, version 2.0 or later (for installation software) o

Medium Flat Blade Screwdriver

ABOUT THIS MANuAL

This manual is designed so you can get your new VGA- 16 installed and running fast ... whether you are new to computers or an "old pro".

Symbols and Conventions

Symbols in this manual have these special meanings:

* indicates a WARNING or other very important information u:w draws your attention to NOTES which may be

further emphasized by being in italics

./ is followed by a REMINDER; something that has been covered before or that you probably know but need to be sure to remember

PAGE 3

DOS Commands

Instructions for entering DOS commands are shown in typewriter style with special keys (e.g. ENTER) shown in brackets:

INSTALL [ENTER]

Overviews

Many sections in this guide begin with an overview that looks like this:

OVERVIEW o

Each major section begins with a box which provides an overview of the information which follows.

Most Up-to-Date Information

Before you begin installation, place the VGA-16 Utilities

Diskette in Drive A and type:

README [ENTER]

This gives you information available after this manual was published.

If you're new to computers:

Use easy-to-follow, complete instructions for each installation step.

PAGE 4

If you have some computer experience:

1. See "Quick Start Guide" for overview of installation process.

2. Use the Overview at the beginning of each installation step for essential information pertaining to steps of the installation process.

3. Complete installation, referring to detailed instructions for further clarification and informa1"ion as needed.

If you're experienced with computers:

1. Use "Quick Start Guide" to complete installation.

2. Refer to overviews and detailed instructions if you need more information about a particular installation step.

3. See appendices for additional technical information as desired.

PAGE 5

*

Words

ofCaution ... Before You Touch

OVERVIEW o

Exercise usual precautions to prevent static electric damage to microcircuits.

Static can cause severe damage to microcircuits. There are some ways to minimize damage to your VGA-16 and your computer: o

Handle the VGA-16 by the edges only. Don't touch edge connectors or exposed circuitry. o

Leave the VGA- 16 in the anti-static protective bag until ready to actually install the VGA- 16 in your computer.

o

If possible, ground your body when handling your

VGA-16. The metal power supply housing is generally considered the best place to ground yourself. o

Do not wear polyester clothing or have plastic, vinyl, or styrofoam in the areas where you are working. o

Do not place the VGA-16 on a metal surface. o

Make the least possible movement to avoid building up static electricity from your clothing, carpets and furniture.

PAGE 6

Parts

ofYour VGA-16 Card

This drawing will help you identify the location of switches, jumpers, and connectors on your VGA- 16 board.

Video Feature Connector

I

PAGE 7

QUICK START GUIDE

~

This is a very lean description of the VGA-16 installation process. It enables experienced computer users to be

"up and running" in minutes!

.I

Check README file for the most recent information.

Step

1

Set VGA-16 Switches

~

Default settings for the VGA- 16 Switches are best in most cases. If you have difficulties, check page 13,

"Setting VGA-76 Switches".

Step 2 Prepare Your Computer

D Turn

off,

then unplug computer and external options from electrical connections. o

Remove cover mounting screws and cover.

Step

3

Configure Your Computer

D For IBM

PC/XTs and compatibles, set DIP

Switch SW1, positions 5 and 6 to ON.

D For

IBM

ATs and XT Model 286s, slide Display

Adapter switch toward the front of your system unit. (Some AT's don't have this switch -- in which case, no action is required.)

Step 4 Install VGA-16 in

Expansion Slot

*

Refer to "Appendix A - Two Monitor Systems" if

appropriate.

D Press VGA- 16 board into any empty full length

(16-bit slot is best) expansion slot.

D Secure the adapter with expansion slot screw.

PAGE 8

Step

5

Close Your Computer

o

Slide cover on and secure with cover mounting screws. o

Connect monitor to 15 pin "D" shaped video connector at the outside rear of VGA- 16. o

Reconnect power to external devices and system unit.

~

Special Instructions: o

For PC AT -- Run the menu driven "SETUP"

Program to complete the installation. o

For PS/2 -- Don't use your system video connector; use VGA-16 connector. o

For Multisync/Multiscan -- Set your monitor for "Analog" operation. o

For Expanded Memory (EMS) Board

Designate exclusions for "AOOO" through

"CAlF" when invoking your EMS driver.

Step

6

Run VGA-16

Installation Program

o

Put VGA- 16 Utility Diskette in Drive and type:

INSTALL [ENTER]

o

Follow the menu instructions to install

RAMBIOS Driver and Screen Saver

./ If you need further information, check the

instructions in this guide and "Appendix

C ­

Troubleshooting the VGA-16

Installation'~

PAGE 9

VGA-16's

COMPATIBILITY

WITH YOUR COMPUTER

The VGA-16 Card can be installed in any full length, 8-bit or

16-bit slot in computers compatible with the IBM PC/XT/AT and PS/2 Model 30.

~

For significantly faster performance, install your VGA-16 in a 16-bit slot rather than an 8-bit slot whenever possible.

PAGE 10

(@"

If

you

have an Older IBM PC ...

The VGA-16 is 100"10 compatible with IBM's standards for

VGA. IBM designed the Video Graphics Array to run with the BIOS ROM dated on or after October 27, 1982.

The VGA-16 will not work with: o

IBM pes with a BIOS dated before October 27,

1982. o

IBM compatible computers with BIOS which is not compatible with IBM's BIOS standards on or after

October 27, 1982.

It's easy to check the date of your computer's BIOS ROM:

Step 1 Boot up your system.

Step 2 Place VGA- 16 Utility Diskette in Drive A.

Step 3 At the Drive A system prompt, type:

ROMDATE [ENTER]

Step 4 Check BIOS ROM date for your computer displayed on the screen. a. If the displayed date is prior to October 27,

1982, the VGA-16 will not work properly. b. If the displayed date is on or after October 27,

1982, continue with the installation of your

VGA-16.

PAGE 11

VGA-16's

COMPATIBILITY

WITH YOUR MONITOR

The VGA- 16 works properly with monitors compatible with the IBM PS/2 analog displays, models 8503, 8512, 8513 and

8514.

*

If you have a Two Monitor System or a System with

Built-In Video, See Appendix A.

VGA-16's

COMPATIBILITY

WITH YOUR

SOFTWARE

o

Extended resolution 800 X 600 graphics mode and 132­ column text modes require a variable frequency display such as the NEC MultiSync or Sony Multiscan. o

The VGA- 16 is designed to work with software written for these video standards:

VGA -

IBM Video Graphics Array

EGA -

IBM Enhanced Graphics Adapter

CGA

-IBM Color/Graphics Adapter

MDA -

IBM Monochrome Display Adapter

HGC -

Hercules Graphics Card

PAGE 12

SETTINGTHEVGA-16 SWITCHES

The default setting for switches on your VGA- 16 are generally the best option for most systems. Should you have difficulties, you may want to try some different switch settings. This section gives information about switch settings.

Switches

1

through 3

Switches 1 through 3 are reserved for future use, and should be left OFF.

Switch 4

Switch 4 is reserved for future use and

must

be

left OFF.

Switch 5

Switch 5 ENABLES/DISABLES your VGA- 16' s capability to provide backwards compatibility emulation. To activate this feature, you will run the VGA.COM program included in your VGA-16 software.

Switch 5

ON Allow Emulation

(Default Setting)

OFF Disallow Emulation

PAGE 13

Switches

6

and 7

At start-up, VGA-16 detects whether your computer has 16­ bit or 8-bit ROM and Memory access. It is possible that some IBM compatible computers will not allow your VGA-

16's automatic sensing system to work properly. In this case, you may reset Switches 6 and 7 as follows:

Switch 6

ON Allow 16-bit ROM access

(Default Setting)

OFF Force 8-bit ROM access

Switch 7

ON Allow 16-bit Memory access

(Default Setting)

OFF Force 8-bit Memory access

Switch 8

VGA-16 offers extension registers beyond the IBM VGA's standard. Some operating environments are sensitive to the use of these extension registers. If Switch 8 is ON, the

VGA BIOS will not access any extension registers after initialization.

Turning Switch 8 ON will also prevent the BIOS from accessing extended modes such as 800 x 600 16-color mode. The VGA-16 software contains the VGACOM program which allows you to enable access to these modes even if Switch 8 is ON.

Switch 8

ON

OFF

Force Standard VGA Mode

(IBM specifications only - no access to extension registers after initialization)

Allow VGA-16 extensions

(Default Setting)

PAGE 14

PREPARING YOUR COMPUTER

OVERVIEW

0

Turn off, then unplug computer and external options from electrical connections

0

Unplug external options cables from computer

0

Remove cover mounting screws and slide cover off

*

Drawings and instructions in this manual are of IBM

PC/XT/AT and PS/2 Model 3D computers. Most IBM compatible computers look essentially the same.

Refer to your system user's guide for further information as needed.

Step 1

Switch off your computer and all external options

(printer, display, and others) and unplug all power cords from electrical source.

Step 2

Note the position of all external options cables connected to the rear of computer and disconnect them.

PAGE 15

Step 3

Remove the cover-moun1'ing screws and save them for reinstalling the cover.

~

If the screws are not visible, your system unit may have a protective rear cover panel. It should pull right off. See your system manual to avoid damaging your computer.

'2~:::::-...c:::::::._--_-...:::~_ Mounting Screws

~

If your system has a key lock,

unlock it and remove the key.

Step 4

Facing the front of the computer, hold onto both sides of the system cover, Slide the cover toward you. As the rear edge of the cover reaches the front of the PC, tilt the front of the cover upward, remove it and set it aside.

PAGE 16

CONFIGURING YOUR COMPUTER

OVERVIEW

0

For IBM PC/XTs and compatibles, set DIP Switch SWl , positions 5 and 6 to ON

0

For IBM ATs and XT Model 286s, slide Display Adapter switch toward the front of your system unit.

Step 1

Use the drawings/descriptions that follow to help identify the type of computer you have while locating system switches.

~

Switches are located on the system board -- the

base of the unit into which adapters are

plugged -- and the descriptions/drawings are from

the perspective of looking toward the back wall of the computer case

IBM PCs

have two switch blocks; one about six inches away from and almost exactly perpendicular to the keyboard connector and the other slightly to the left of the first.

IBM PC/XTs

have one switch block about six inches away from and slightly to the left of the keyboard connector.

PC

PC/Xl

Switch

Block 1

(SWl)

Front of Computer

PAGE 17

IBM Als

and

Xl

Model

286s

have a Display

Adapter switch within a couple of inches and slightly to the right of the keyboard connector.

~

Some early release IBM ATs don't have a Display

Adapter switch.

The

IBM PS/2

series does not have this switch.

PC/AT

o

O D §

Display

Adapter

Switch

Front of Computer

PAGE 18

Step 2 A

For the IBM PC/XT or compatible:

Set the switch you just located - posi1-ions 5 and 6 to ON as shown below:

Step 2 B For IBM AT5 and 2865

or compatibles:

Slide the Display Adapter switch so that it is

toward the front

of the computer.

II&'

The switch may already be in the forward position if there is/was already some type of color graphics adapter card installed_

PC/AT

Front of Computer

PAGE 19

INSTALLING

VGA-16

CARD

IN EXPANSION SLOT

OVERVIEW

0

Use any empty full length expansion slot,

0

Hold the VGA-16 board by the edges and align it with the support brackets, Firmly press VGA- 16 connector board into the expansion slot/socket,

0

Secure the adapter with expansion slot screw,

*

Important!

o

Refer to "A Word of Caution" on Page 6 for proper procedures in handling the VGA-16 board, o

Refer to "Appendix A - Two Monitor Systems" if you

intend to have more than one video card installed in your system.

PAGE 20

Step 1

The VGA-16 can be installed in any full-length expansion slot. (Use a 16-bit slot if possible.) If the expansion slot still has the metal expansion slot cover attached, remove it with a screwdriver.

Save the screw for installing the VGA-16 board.

IfiF If you just removed an adapter, you can use that slot for installing the VGA-16 card.

PAGE 21

Step 2

Hold the VGA- 16 by the edges, align it with the support brackets, and press the VGA-16 board connector firmly into the expansion slot/socket.

Step 3

Align the slot in the moun1'ing bracket of your

VGA- 16 with the screw hole in the rear panel of the computer case.

Use the screw you removed from the expansion slot cover to secure your VGA- 16 in place.

PAGE 22

CLOSING YOUR COMPUTER

0

OVERVIEW

Close System Unit in usual manner

0

Reconnect external device cables

0

Reconnect power to external devices and system unit

Before you close your computer, be sure to:

.I

Review all Installation Steps for accurate completion .

.I

Properly set all switches.

Step 1

Secure ribbon cables by gently pushing them down and out of the way before you replace the system cover.

Step 2

Facing the front of the computer, hold onto both sides of the system cover, and slide the cover towards the rear of the system.

Step 3

Align the cover mounting screws with the screw holes at the rear of the computer. Insert and tighten screws.

Step 4

Reconnect all cables that were previously attached to the rear of the computer.

Step 5

Attach your monitor cable to your VGA-16's 15-pin video connector.

[email protected]"

See "Appendix B - Technical Information" if you want more information on cable connectors.

PAGE 23

Special Instructions

o

For PC/AT owners only:

Run your computer's "SETUP" Program to complete the installation, Answer setup questions per your configuration,

If you have

an

IBM PC/AT compatible,

check your manual to determine what is required for system setup,

If there is a special "IBM EGA/VGA" option in the setup menu, choose this option, If your setup menu has options for "IBM EGA", "Other Display" or "No Display", try each setting to determine the proper configuration, o

For PS/2 and compatibles owners:

Your system monitor is to be connected to 15 pin "D" shaped video connector at the rear of VGA- 16 rather than the system board connector, o

For Multisync/Multiscan owners:

Set your monitor for "Analog", If necessary, see your

Monitor Owner's Manual or check with your display equipment dealer for further instructions about how to do this, o

For Expanded Memory (EMS) Board Owners:

The VGA- 16 uses the memory location designated by the IBM standard for EGA cards CADDO" through

"CAlF") for the extended video BIOS, EMS boards can conflict with these locations, Check with the manufacturer of your EMS board for information about designating exclusions for these locations when invoking your EMS driver,

PAGE 24

ABOUT YOUR APPLICATIONS SOFTWARE

Your software must run in the appropriate mode for the text and graphics you choose. To run software in VGA-16's extended mode, support must be provided in the software to allow you to choose the VGA- 16 extended graphics resolution or text modes and colors.

Once your VGA-16 is installed, see the

Application Software

section of this manual for details on reconfiguring many software programs to take full advantage of your VGA-16's enhanced capabilities (beyond standard VGA) including graphics modes with higher resolution that allow finer detail in drawings and other graphics:

Resolution

Monitor Timing

Colors Vertical Horizontal

800 x 600

720 x 540

752 x 410

640 x 480

640 x 400

16

16

16

16

256

56 Hz

60 Hz

70 Hz

60 Hz

70 Hz

35.0 KHz

35.0 KHz

31.5 KHz

31.5 KHz

31.5 KHz

PAGE 25

VGA-16

INSTALLATION PROGRAM

The VGA- 16 can be used with a hard or a floppy disk drive system. If you have correctly set and installed the VGA-16, the DOS prompt will appear on your monitor when you boot up your system. If your system does NOT boot up as you intended, check to see that the installation instrudions were properly followed, or refer to "Appendix

C:

Troubleshooting the VGA-76Instal/ation."

*

Back up the VGA-16 Utility Diskette!

Before using the VGA-76 Utility Diskette, we strongly

recommend that you make

a

backup copy and store the original in

a

safe place.

The Installation Program is menu-driven and helps you configure your system for use with the VGA-16. To run the

Installation Program:

Step 1

Insert 'the VGA- 16 Utility Diskette in Drive A (or make the Drive with the VGA-16 INSTALL.COM the current Drive/directory).

Step 2

At the DOS prompt, type

INSTALL [ENTER]

Step 3

Follow the menu instructions.

PAGE 26

SCREEN SAVER

VGA- 16 Screen Saver "shuts off" your screen display if no key is pressed on your keyboard within some period of time.

This feature is described completely in the section beginning on page 32 of this manual.

The VGA- 76 Installation Program modifies or creates an

AUTOEXEC.BAT file that will automatically set up the VGA­

76 Screen Saver feature when you turn your computer on.

Step 1

Insert the VGA- 16 U1-ility Diskette in Drive A

(or make the Drive with the VGA- 16 INSTALL. COM the current Drive/directory).

Step 2

At the DOS prompt, type

INSTALL [ENTER]

Step 3

Choose "Set up VGA- 16 Screen Saver" from the

VGA-16 Installation Program Menu.

Step 4

Follow the menu instructions.

PAGE 27

RAMBIOS

DRIVER

RAMBIOS.SYS allows you to install the VGA-16 BIOS in memory (about 24K memory required) to enable some programs to run faster. Choosing "Install VGA- 16 RAM BIOS

Driver" from the Installation Program menu adds the necessary device driver command in a CONFIG.SYS file.

The Installation Program will create a CONFIG.SYS file if you do not have one, or will modify your existing file.

Step 1

Insert the VGA- 16 Utility Diskette in Drive A

(or make the Drive with the VGA-16INSTALL.COM

'the current Drive/directory).

Step 2

At the DOS prompt, type

INSTALL [ENTER]

Step 3

Choose "Install VGA-16 RAM BIOS Driver" from the

VGA-16 Installation Program Menu.

Step 4

Follow the menu instructions.

Optional Installation from DOS Prompt

With a Hard Disk:

Step 1

Copy the file "RAMBIOS.SYS" from the VGA- 16

Utility Diskette into the root directory on your hard disk.

Step 2

Create/modify your CONFIG.SYS file by adding the following to the first line of the file:

DEVICE=C:\RAMBIOS.SYS

.t

Refer to your DOS Manual if you need instructions for creating/edi'ting a CONFIG.SYS file.

PAGE 28

With a Floppy Drive:

Step 1

Insert the VGA-16 utility Diskette in Drive A.

Step 2

Insert your DOS boot-up diskette into Drive B.

Step 3

Copy the file RAMBIOS.SYS from the VGA- 16 Utility

Diskette onto your DOS boot-up diskette.

Step 4

Create/modify your CONFIG.SYS file by adding the following to the first line of the file:

DEVICE=A:\RAMBIOS.SYS

.I

Refer to your DOS Manual if you need instructions for creating/editing a CONFIG.SYS file.

PAGE 29

PAGE 30

PART 2: VGA-16 UTILITIES

VGA

UTILITY MENU

With the VGA U1'ility Menu, you can: o

Set Screen Saver Options o

Select Emulation Mode o

Switch Monitor Type

It can be used with a hard or a floppy disk drive system. To run the VGA Utility Menu program :

Step 1

Insert the VGA-16 Utility Diskette in Drive A (or make the Drive with VGACOM the current

Drive/directory).

Step 2

At the DOS prompt, type

VGA [ENTER]

Step 3

When the VGA menu appears, select the feature option you want.

Additional menus will appear to guide you through procedures for the configuration you want, More details for each feature option follow.

PAGE 31

SCREEN SAVER

Feature Description

VGA Screen Saver can extend the life of your monitor by preventing images from being "burned" into your screen due to long periods of inactivity such as when you are away from your computer.

VGA Screen Saver "shuts off" your screen display if no key is pressed on your keyboard within some period of time. (The default setting for time elapsed without activity is five minutes.) Generally, your screen display is returned by pressing any key on your keyboard. Pressing the

"NUMLOCK" key is thought to be one of the best choices because this key usually has little or no effect on a program in progress.

You may

not

want to activate Screen Saver if you will use: o a mouse and will not be using the keyboard for some time o software that causes the screen to "shut off" even when you are using the keyboard (See

"When

Software Does Not Work With Screen Saver" for more information.)

You may want to alter the Timeout Value -- the length of time elapsed before Screen Saver "shuts off" your screen display -- if you use software that combines the use of a pointing device and the keyboard.

You can make adjustments to Screen Saver: o with the VGA Utility Program o by entering a command at the DOS prompt or from within a batch file

PAGE 32

[email protected]'

The VGA-16 Screen Saver feature is designed exclusively for use with the VGA- 16. It will only work when your video output is directed through the VGA­

16. If you have a co-resident adapter and have directed the video output through that board, the

VGA-16 Screen Saver feature will have no effect.

Adjusting Screen Saver with the

VGA Utility Program

Step 1 Insert the VGA-16 utility Diskette in Drive A (or

make the Drive with VGA.COM the current

Drive/directory).

Step 2 At the DOS prompt, type

VGA [ENTER]

Step 3 Choose

"Set Screen Saver Options"

from the VGA

Utility Program menu.

Step 4 Choose the option you want when this menu

appears:

Screen Saver Options:

1. Turn Screen Saver ON

2. Turn Screen Saver OFF

3. Set Timeout Value

Enter option number:

Step 5 Follow the instructions on the screen to return to

the menu.

PAGE 33

Adjusting Screen Saver from the

DOS Prompt

These are the Screen Saver commands and their functions:

VGASAVE:ON

Enables Screen Saver feature -- turns off the screen when there has been no keyboard activity for 5 minutes.

VGA SAVE:(n)

Enables you to change the number of minutes before Screen Saver turns off the display. The letter "n" represents the number of minutes.

VGA SAVE:OFF

VGANOSAVE

Disables Screen Saver

Disables Screen Saver

Step 1

Copy the file "VGA.COM" from the VGA-16 Utility

Diskette into a directory on your hard disk .

./ Include the directory in the search path if you place VGA.COM in other than your root directory.

PAGE 34

Step 2

At the DOS prompt: o to enable the Screen Saver feature, type:

VGA SAVE:ON [ENTER] o to change the number of minutes before

Screen Saver turns off the display, type the following command subslituting the number of minutes you want for the letter "n":

VGA SAVE:

"n"

[ENTER] o to disable Screen Saver, type:

VGA SAVE:OFF [ENTER]

or

VGA NOSAVE [ENTER]

When Software Does Not Work

With Screen Saver

The VGA- 16 Screen Saver feature will not work correctly with software that doesn't pass on your keystrokes properly.

You will know this is a problem if: o

The screen goes blank while you are using the keyboard. o

Striking a key does not return an image to your screen after it has gone blank.

PAGE 35

If either of these symptoms occur, try: o

Restoring the screen by hitting the NUMLOCK key. o

Exiting your program "blind" by using the normal sequence. This allows you to save the work you have done and return to DOS. o

Rebooting your machine.

After regaining the screen via one of the above options, disable Screen Saver and resume using your program.

Important Points

~

To deactivate Screen Saver once it is activated during boot up by your AUTOEXEC.BAT, type:

VGA SAVE:OFF

~

To change your setup so that Screen Saver will not be automatically enabled during startup, delete "VGA

SAVE:ON" from your AUTOEXEC.BAT file and reboot your system.

~

To automatically disable Screen Saver whenever you use a program that doesn't work with Screen Saver, use a batch file to invoke the program and include

one

of the following:

VGA SAVE: OFF or

VGA NOSAVE

PAGE 36

EMULATION MODES

Feature Description

The VGA Emulation Modes are needed for programs that make direct access to the Color Graphics Adapter (CGA) or Hercules Graphics Card (HGC) registers (or ports). You should run your program first, without using the VGA

Emulation Modes. An Emulation Mode may be necessary if: o a program that works with a CGA or HGC falls to work properly on the VGA- 16 o a program's documentation specifically states that the program needs a CGA or HGC

With the exception of HGC compatible software, most programs written since the introduction of EGA do not require the Emulation Modes because they do not make direct access to the CGA registers.

You can enable or disable Emula'~ion Modes: o with the VGA Utility Menu program o by entering a command at the DOS prompt or from within a batch file

PAGE 37

About Monochrome Emulation

The Monochrome Mode allows you to configure the VGA­

16 to emulate the Hercules Graphics Card (HGC).

The HGC has 64K of video graphics memory. Your VGA- 16 can run software written to utilize the graphics capabilities of the Hercules Graphics Card in two ways: o

FULL mode, configured to use the full amount of memory (two graphics pages, or 64K) o

HALF mode, configured to use half that amount

(one graphics page of memory, or 32K).

The advantage of HALF mode is that it allows an IBM compatible CGA card to co-exist with the VGA- 16 (in

Hercules compatible mode) in another slot. Color output is directed through the co-resident CGA.

About 100% VGA Compatibility

VGA-16 offers extension registers beyond the IBM VGA's standard. Some operating environments are sensitive to the use of these extension registers. In order to prevent the

VGA-16 from accessing any extension registers, type:

VGA PURE:ON [ENTER]

This also prevents the VGA-16 from accessing its extended modes. To enable access to these modes (even if Switch 8 is ON), type:

VGA PURE:OFF [ENTER]

PAGE 38

Enabling/Disabling Emulation Modes with the VGA Utility Program

Step 1

Insert the VGA-16 Utility Diskette in Drive A (or make the Drive with VGA.COM the current

Drive / di rectory),

Step 2

At the DOS prompt, type

VGA [ENTER]

Step 3

Choose

"Select Emulation Mode"

from the VGA

Utility Program menu,

Step 4

Choose the option you want when this menu appears:

Emulation Mode Options:

1. Color Display Options

2. Monochrome Display Options

Enter option number:

Step 5

Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the procedure and to return to the menu,

PAGE 39

Enabling/Disabling Emulation Modes from the DOS Prompt

These are the Emulation Mode commands and their functions:

VGACGA:ON

Configures the VGA- 16 to emulate the CGA.

VGACGA:OFF

VGAMONO:ON

VGA MONO:OFF

Deactivates CGA Emulation.

Configures the VGA- 16 to emulate

HGC with 64K of memory. This is the same as VGA MONO:FULL.

Deactivates HGC emulation.

VGA MONO:FULL Configures the VGA- 16 to emulate

HGC and use 64K (two graphics pages) of memory.

The VGA-76 cannot have

a

CGA co-resident.

VGA MONO:HALF Configures the VGA- 16 to emulate

HGC and use only 32K (one graphics page).

Use this configuration if you have

a

co-resident CGA in your system.

Step 1

Copy the file "VGA.COM" from the VGA-16 Utility

Diskette into a directory on your hard disk.

,/ Include the directory in the search path if you place VGA.COM in other than your root directory.

PAGE 40

Step 2

At the DOS prompt:

o to enable CGA Emulation; configure your

VGA- 16 to emulate the IBM CGA type:

VGA CGA:ON [ENTER] o to deactivate CGA Emulation, type:

VGA CGA:OFF [ENTER] o to enable HGC Emulation; configure your

VGA- 16 to emulate the Hercules Graphics

Card, type:

VGA MONO:ON [ENTER] o to deactivate HGC Emulation, type:

VGA MONO:OFF [ENTER] o to enable HGC Emulation -- FULL; configure your VGA-16 to emulate HGC and use the full

64K (two graphics pages) of memory, type:

VGA MONO:FULL [ENTER] o to enable HGC Emulation -- HALF; configure your VGA-16 to emulate HGC and use only

32K (one graphics page) type:

VGA MONO:HALF [ENTER]

PAGE 41

SWITCH MONITOR TYPE

Feature Description

Your VGA-16 is equipped to work with both color and monochrome analog monitors. While any mode can be run on either kind of monitor. it is necessary to match the monitor type with the emulation mode desired. For example. in order to emulate HGC on a color monitor. you must first switch the monitor type to monochrome. Similarly. in order to emulate CGA on a monochrome monitor. you must first switch the monitor type to color.

You can change the monitor configuration: o with the VGA Utility Menu program o by entering a command at the DOS prompt or

"from within a batch file

MULTIPLE

VGA

COMMANDS

VGA commands can be combined on one line (up to 80 characters). You can save time by combining commands.

For example:

If you want to configure your VGA- 16 to emulate CGA and. at the same time. set the SAVE feature for a 15 minute delay. you would type:

VGA CGA:ON SAVE:15 [Enter]

PAGE 42

BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY

Feature Description

The VGA- 16 will run most programs written for any of the popular IBM graphics standards: EGA, CGA, and HGC.

EGA Compatibility

The VGA- 16 is fully BIOS compatible with the EGA Because the EGA and the VGA are very closely related at the hardware level, BIOS-level compatibility enables virtually all

EGA software to run without problems. Should you experience difficulties, you should contact the software manufacturer to see if their software package requires an update to work properly on a VGA

CGA Compatibility

In order to run CGA-specific programs, CGA emulation must be turned on with the VGACOM program. (See page 13.) You will know that you are in emulation mode because the VGA- 16 uses a different text font when emulating CGA Running a program which accesses a mode not available on the CGA will automatically switch you back into VGA mode. Before running another CGA program, you must again use the VGA utility program to re­ enable CGA emulation.

HGC Compatibility

While in HGC emulation, the VGA- 16 will automatically switch into VGA mode if a mode is accessed which is not available on the HGC. Before running another Hercules program, you must again use the VGA utility program to re­ enable HGC emulation.

PAGE 43

VGAANSI.SYS

The DOS ANSI.SYS device driver will only work with standard text modes (40 x 25 and 80 x 25), Your VGA- 16 Utility

Diskette includes a VGAANSI.SYS device driver that provides support for standard modes as well as all VGA- 16 extended text modes,

Using VGAANSI.SYS

*

If your CONFIG,SYS file includes the command:

DEVICE=[directoryjANSI.SYS

you must remove jtwhen adding VGAANSI.SYS,

To use VGAANSI.SYS; allow use of all the VGA-16 modes:

Step 1

Copy the file "VGAANSI.SYS" from the VGA- 16

Utility Diskette into the root directory on your hard disk,

Step

2 Create/modify your CONFIG,SYS file by adding the following to the file:

DEVICE=C:\VGAANSI.SYS

.t

Refer to your DOS Manual if you need instructions for creating/editing a CONFIG,SYS -file,

Step 3

Reboot your computer for the change to take effect,

PAGE 44

DIRECTORY LIST UTILITY

The VGA Directory Listing Utility takes advantage of the entire screen, This utility can be used in any mode and displays directory information in as many columns as can be accommodated on the screen,

Step 1

Copy the file "DU,COM" from the VGA-16 Utility

Diskette into a directory on your hard disk,

./ You may wish to include the directory in the search path if you place DU,COM in other than your root directory,

Step 2

At the DOS prompt, to get a list of all files in the current directory, type:

DU [ENTER]

You can: o use

[Esc] to stop the resulting display; o pause the display by pressing any key except

[Esc] ; o specify multiple search strings on the command line, For example:

DU *.exe *.com [ENTER] o display only sUb-directories by using the option

/d

on the command line like this:

DU /d [ENTER]

PAGE 45

o display the contents of a sub-directory by using wildcards after the sub-directory name. For example, for the contents of \MYFILE, type:

DU \MYFILE/*.* [ENTER] o include hidden files with the display of a directory's contents by using the option

/h

on the command line. Include a space before typing

"/h" like this:

DU

Ih

[ENTER] o include system files with the display of a directory's contents by using the option

/s

on the command line. Include a space before typing "/s" like this:

DU

Is

[ENTER]

ENHANCED MODE CLEAR SCREEN UTILITY

To clear the entire screen in any text mode, type:

CLR [ENTER]

PAGE 46

SETTING TEXT MODES

The VGA- 16 utility Diskette includes a program called

Enhancement Selection Utility (ESU) that allows you to change text modes very easily. You can set a text mode by using the menu driven feature of ESU or by entering commands at the DOS prompt.

Setting Text Modes with the ESU Menu

Step 1

Insert the VGA- 16 utility Diskette in Drive A (or make the Drive with ESU.COM the current

Drivel directory).

Step 2

At the DOS prompt, type

ESU [ENTER]

Step 3

Choose the type of monitor you are using from the list presented.

*

DO NOT choose Variable Frequency Monitor unless you are using one of these monitors. Setting up to use the modes available with these monitors can cause damage to

a

system using other monitors.

Step 4

A list of text modes available for the monitor you choose will appear. Choose the text mode you want.

PAGE 47

Setting Text Modes from the DOS Prompt

Step 1

Copy the file "ESU.COM" from the VGA-16 Utility

Diskette into a directory on your hard disk.

Step 2 At the

DOS prompt, type:

ESU /[mode number from below] [ENTER]

List of Text and Graphics Mode Numbers

~

This list can also be accessed through DOS by typing:

ESU /? [ENTER]

40

43

44

60

61

62

66

Mode Resolution Colors

80x43

80x60

100 x 60

752x41O

720 x 540

800 x 600

640 x 400

16

16

16

16

16

16

256

Monitors

VFD,AD

VFD,AD

VFD, AD

VFD,AD

VFD

VFD

VFD

Type

Text

Text

Text

Graphics

Graphics

Graphics

Graphics

Monitors: ADAnalog Display

VFDVariable Frequency Display

PAGE 48

DIAGNOSTICS PROGRAM

The Diagnostics Program on the VGA- 16 Utility Diskette will help you spot problems that may occur with your display adapter. The program is run from the DOS prompt by typing:

VGADIAG [ENTER]

First, the Diagnostics program will display: o

The amount of video memory available on your

VGA-16. This should be 256kB. o

Primary and secondary graphics adapters o

Monitor configurations o

Motherboard ROM Date o

VGA- 16 BIOS Date/Version o

Switch Settings

If the information shown is incorrect, refer to Appendix C­

Troubleshooting Your VGA-16 Installation. Then run the

Diagnostics program again.

If the information shown is correct, continue with the program. You will be shown a series of self-explanatory screens demonstrating various attributes and capabilities of the VGA-16.

If the Diagnostics program indicates a problem, refer to

Appendix C - Troubleshooting Your VGA-16 Installation.

Run the Diagnostics program again.

PAGE 49

PAGE 50

PART 3: APPLICATION SOFTWARE

INTRODUCTION

The capabilities of the VGA- 16 go beyond the VGA standard. Your new VGA-16 can: o drive a variable frequency display in an extended graphics mode with 800 x 600 dot resolution and

16 simultaneous colors. o display 256 color graphics in 640 x 400 dot resolution on any supported monitor

To take advantage of these enhancements, your VGA-16 is packaged with software support for several popular software programs. This section describes the procedures necessary to configure these programs and/or install special drivers to give you the best performance from your software.

The applications programs described are: o

AutoCAD and AutoShade o

Lotus 1-2-3 and Symphony o

Windows 2.0x

(All

applications that run under Windows will take

full

advantage of your VGA- 16.)

Before You Begin

*

To avoid damage

to your monitor and other parts of your computer system, be sure you have correctly installed the VGA-16 before you attempt to configure the software as described in this section.

~

VGA-16's extended 800 x 600 graphics resolution requires a variable frequency monitor such as the NEC

MultiSync or Sony MultiScan.

PAGE 51

Graphics resolutions beyond 640 x 480 are not supported on the IBM PS/2 8503, 8512, 8513, or 8514 monitors or compatible displays.

1& You may have to adjust the horizontal and vertical size and position controls when using extended resolution modes.

PAGE 52

AUTOCAD

The AutoCAD drivers enable AutoCAD users to use the

VGA-16 to produce high resolution graphics. There are two drivers provided on the VGA-16 Utility Diskette.

VGAREL9.COM and VGAADI2.COM are for AutoCAD

Release 9 and AutoCAD version 2.18 or above. The

VGAREL9.COM driver supports the new ADI version 3 and above interface. It supports Fast Vector mode and Packet modes of the version 3 ADI interface. The VGAREL9.COM

AutoCAD driver also supports AutoShade and AutoSketch.

The instructions which follow assume that you have copied the files VGAREL9.COM, VGAADI2.COM, and

VGAINST.COM to your hard disk. The following instructions refer explicitly to the VGAREL9.COM driver. The operation of the VGAADI2.COM driver is identical to VGAREL9.COM and the same instruc1'ions should be followed for both.

PAGE 53

AutoCAD Release

9

Installation

The Release 9 AutoCAD ADI driver comes with one

AutoCAD display driver and an installation program. The installation program allows you to change the currently selected resolution of AutoCAD's graphics screen, as well as modify the software interrupt vector used by AutoCAD to communicate with the ADI display driver, and finally to modify the colors used in several areas of the AutoCAD graphics screen.

Before you can begin working with AutoCAD you must load the ADI driver into your computer's memory. This procedure must be done, every time you turn your computer on, or when you perform a warm boot. It is therefore suggested that the command to load the ADI driver be placed in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file.

To install the ADI driver, type:

VGAREL 9 [ENTER]

This command will load the ADI driver into the computer's memory. The driver will then display identification information on the screen, and confirm that it has been installed. The driver will also notify you as to which interrupt vector will be used to communicate with AutoCAD.

PAGE 54

AutoCAD ADI Configuration

AutoCAD need only be configured for the ADI General

Display Driver once. Even if you turn

off

your computer or reboot it, AutoCAD will remember that the ADI General

Display Driver has been installed. Follow the procedure outlined below to configure AutoCAD:

Step 1

Start AutoCAD as described in the documentation supplied with that program.

Step 2

When AutoCAD's Main Menu appears, select:

"Configure AutoCAD".

This will be done automatically if AutoCAD senses that it has not yet been configured. If you have not copied the AutoCAD device driver files,

AutoCAD will ask you where the display device drivers can be found. Place the VGA-16 Utility

Diskette with the AutoCAD drivers into drive A and respond by typing:

A: [ENTER]

Step 3

After reviewing you current configuration, press the

[ENTER] key.

Step 4

Select: "Configure Video Display".

Step 5

Enter:

Y

(select different video display)

Step 6

Enter:

1

(chooses ADI)

Step 7

AutoCAD will ask you a series of questions, press the

[ENTER] key for each choice. Consult the

AutoCAD Installation & Performance Guide for more details on these options.

Step 8

Enter:

Y

(to save configuration)

PAGE 55

AutoShade ADI Configuration

The following AutoShade instructions are applicable to the

VGAREL9.COM driver only. When AutoShade is first run it will request some information from you in order to properly configure itself.

When AutoShade requests the selection of the Display

Device simply respond with a "1" (AutoDesk Device

Interface rendering driver). The interrupt vector initially used should be "7ah" and should correspond to the interrupt vector to which the ADI driver has been configured.

When AutoShade requests you to select the Rendering

Display Device, again enter" 1" (AutoDesk Device Interface rendering driver). Use the default "7ah" interrupt driver as outlined above. Respond to the question "Do display and rendering devices share a single screen?" with "YES".

PAGE 56

Controlling Resolution and Colors

The VGA- 16 AutoCAD ADI driver allows you to choose different screen resolutions, colors, and interrupt vectors through the use of the Install Program (VGAINST.COM).

Step 1

At the DOS prompt, type:

VGAINST [ENTER]

This command will run the VGA-16 install program.

The install program should respond by putting an introductory message on the computer screen.

The install program will prompt you for several responses.

Step 2

Enter name of driver to be modified

(VGAREL9.COM):

The text contained between the brackets will be the default response. To accept the default response simply press the

[ENTER] key. The name of the driver is required because the install program will modify both the memory resident version of the ADI driver and the file on your hard disk. This way any changes you make now will be remembered for all future sessions with AutoCAD.

You may wish to create several different versions of the driver to support different resolutions or colors. To do this simply copy the supplied driver to a file with a different name and then modify it to the desired settings.

Step 3

You will then be prompted for an interrupt vector number. The only reason you will ever want to modify this interrupt vector is if the default value conflicts with some other software you might have in your system. The supplied default will work correctly under most circumstances.

PAGE 57

Step 4

You will see:

Resolution Data

Current Resolution is (640 x 480)

Available Resolutions are:

1 :

640 x 480 by 16 colors

2 :

752 x 410 by 16 colors

3 : 640 x 350 by 16 colors

4 : 720 x 540 by 16 colors

5 : 800 x 600 by 16 colors

Enter desired resolution [O=current]:

~

The list of available resolutions may change as higher resolutions and more colors are supported within the driver.

Step 5 The following three choices are for experienced

AutoCAD users. We suggest that you use the defaults.

Configuration Data

Enter desired number of Status Lines [1]:

Enter desired number of Screen Menu

Characters [8]:

Enter desired number of Command Prompt

Lines [3]:

PAGE 58

Step 6

Supply the screen colors as requested. This chart shows the numbers and the colors available:

Number

0

1

5

6

7

2

3

4

Color

black red yellow green cyan blue magenta white

For the Graphics Area Background color of the drawing area, you may select either a dark

(black) or a light graphics area background. If you select a light graphics area background, then lines drawn in color 7 will be drawn in black instead. This choice most closely resembles a black ink drawing on paper. Graphics area and text area background colors are applicable only to the VGAREL9.COM driver.

Some of the colors you will be selecting will not correspond to the table listed above. This is because the color you are selecting will be XOR'd with the color it is overlaying. In particular this is true of the XOR color, the Menu Highlight color, the grid dot color, and the cursor color. With some experimentation you will be able to control these colors easily and selection will not be too difficult.

It is possible to change the screen colors while you are in AutoCAD. Use the AutoCAD SHELL command and run VGAINST.COM and then type

"EXIT" to return to AutoCAD.

PAGE 59

LOTUS

1-2-3

AND SYMPHONY

~

Lotus drivers included on your VGA-16 utility Diskette require Lotus 1-2-3 Version 2.0 or later or Symphony.

Step 1

Make a backup copy of the 1-2-3 or Symphony

Utility diskette. Use the backup diskette throughout these steps.

Step 2

Copy the following files from the VGA- 16 Utility

Diskette to the 1-2-3 or Symphony backup Utility diskette:

GD640V20.DRV

GD752V20.DRV

GD800V20. DRV

VD80X60.DRV

VD 100X60.DRV

Step 3

Place the 1-2-3 or Symphony Utility diskette in Drive

A and type:

INSTALL [Enter]

Step 4

Follow screen directions to

MAIN MENU.

Select:

ADVANCED OPTIONS [Enter]

Then select:

ADD NEW DRIVERS TO LIBRARY [Enter]

Follow directions to add drivers.

PAGE 60

Step 5 Return to the ADVANCED OPTIONS menu. Select:

MODIFY CURRENT DRIVER SET [Enter]

Then select:

GRAPHICS DISPLAY [Enter]

The display will list all drivers available. Select the driver you wish to install.

Step 6 Select:

SAVE CHANGES [Enter]

Follow the instructions to name the new driver set or make it the default driver set.

Step 7 After changes have been saved, follow

instructions to exit the INSTALL program.

PAGE 61

WINDOWS

2.Ox

Step 1

Place Microsoft Windows Se1"up diskette in Drive A and type:

SETUP [ENTER]

Step 2

Run Setup Program as described in the Microsoft

Windows documentation.

Step 3

When asked for type of display adapter, choose

"other" and place the VGA-16 Utility Diskette in

Drive A.

Step 4

Follow directions provided on your screen.

PAGE 62

APPENDIX

A:

Two

MONITOR SYSTEMS

You have the option of using another video adapter and monitor in conjunction with the VGA-16 and associated monitor. The VGA- 16 will only work with certain combinations of an additional video card/monitor.

*

DO NOT use any EGA or VGA card as a second adapter when using the VGA- 16

You may use either a monochrome display adapter (MDA) or a Hercules Graphics Adapter (HGA) with a monochrome monitor. You may also use a Color Graphic Adapter

(CGA) with either a RGB or EGA color monitor.

~

The capability of your VGA-16 and Primary Display is altered by the type of second display adapter/monitor combination.

All Display Adapters use a portion of a computer's memory for color and monochrome attributes. The simple concept to remember is that in your

computer'smemory, you cannot have two things occupying the same space:

o

If your second display adapter/monitor combination is color, then the color capability of your VGA-16/monitor will not be available. o

If your second display adapter/monitor combination is monochrome, then the monochrome capability of your VGA- 16/monitor will not be available.

APPENDIX A PAGE 63

PAGE 64

APPENDIXB:

TECHNICAL INFORMATION

Connector Pinouts

Video port connector pinout:

Pin Function

10

11

12

13

14

15

5

6

7

8

9

1

2

3

4

Red Video

Green Video

Blue Video

Monitor ID Bit 2 not used

Red Return (ground)

Green Return (ground)

Blue Return (ground)

Key (no pin)

Sync Return (ground)

Monitor ID Bit 0

Monitor ID Bit 1

Horizontal Sync

VerI"ica I Sync not used

APPENDIX B PAGE 65

Programmer's Information

The VGA-16 supports all the standard graphics and text modes and several proprietary extended modes:

Mode Resolution Colors Monitors Supported

40 80x43

43

44

60

61

66

80x60

100x60

752x410

720x540

640x400

16

16

Variable Frequency and

Analog Display

Variable Frequency and

Analog Display

16

16

Variable Frequency and

Analog Display

Variable Frequency and

Analog Display

16

Variable Frequency

256

Variable Frequency

The interface to these modes is:

Input

AH

AL

BL

=

6Fh

=

05h

=

MODE NUMBER (see list above)

~

The following books may be of further assistance for programming:

EGA/VGA - A Programmers Reference Guide,

Bradley Kliewer

Intertext Publications

McGraw-Hili Book Company

11 W. 19th, New York, NY 10011

Copyright 1988

Programmer's Guide to PC and PS/2 Video

Systems,

Richard Wilton

Microsoft Press

16011 N.E. 36th Way, Box 97017

Redmond, WA 98073

Copyright 1987

APPENDIX B PAGE 66

APPENDIXC:

TROUBLESHOOTING

THE

VGA-16

INSTALLATION

Step 1

Make sure the VGA-16 is firmly seated in its expansion slot, and that it is not touching other boards in your system.

Step 2

Check the monitor cable to insure that it is properly connected to the VGA-16, and that it has the proper "pinout" configuration.

Step 3

Make sure your computer is an IBM PC XT, PC/AT, or a PS/2 Model 30, or 100% compatible.

Step 4

If an IBM PC, check that your ROM BIOS module is up to date. See "VGA-16 Compa1-ibility With Your

Computer" section in this User's Guide for information on how to find out the date of the

ROM BIOS module installed in your system.

Step 5

Check your computer's switch and jumper settings, and those on the VGA- 16 to insure that all settings are correct for your computer system.

Step 6

Check your software. The VGA-16 can emulate five different display adapters. Be sure you are using the correct software configuration.

Step 7

Check your monitor. The VGA- 16 can work with a number of different monitor types. Be sure you have the VGA- 16 configured for the monitor you are using.

APPENDIX C PAGE 67

Commonly asked questions about monitors:

Q, Why does the picture shift when

changing modes

on

my multiple frequency monitor with my VGA-16?

A Some multiple frequency monitors don't synchronize properly to the signals coming from the graphics board, so the image seems to shift,

To rectify this situation, simply adjust the horizontal and vertical positions to center the image,

Q, Why does the image take

a

few moments to "seffle"

on

the screen when changing modes or when first turned on?

A It is normal for any monitor to "warm-up" for at least 30 minutes before producing a completely stable image, If the monitor has been on for longer than 30 minutes and still produces a "shaky" image that doesn't settle for a few moments, the reason is that the monitor is not synchronizing properly to the signals coming from the graphics board, (See the question/answer above,)

Step 8

Make sure you are using the correct VGACOM commands when in HGC or CGA compatibility modes,

Step 9

Run VGA- 16 Diagnostics Program,

APPENDIX C PAGE 68

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