Storage Battery System Using Lithium‐ion Batteries
H1_H4_letter
Offices and schools
Utilities / Renewable energy
Storage Battery System
Using Lithium‐ion Batteries
Worldwide Expansion of Storage Battery System Applications
Commercial Buildings
Residential
The Smart Energy System combines our technologies for energy creation (photovoltaic modules),
energy storage (rechargeable batteries), and energy saving (efficient energy usage). The system
stores electricity generated by photovoltaic modules as well as low-cost late-night power in
lithium-ion batteries. By controlling electrical usage in the most efficient way possible, the Smart
Energy System reduces facility CO2 emissions and power consumption.
【North America (USA, Canada)】
【Europe】
【Other area】
SANYO Component Europe GmbH
Solar and Smart Energy Division
Mobile Energy Business Division
International Sales & Marketing Headquarters
email: [email protected]
Smart Energy Systems Department
email:[email protected]
email: [email protected]
The contents of this catalogue are current as of June 2012.
P01_02_letter
Smart Energy Storage System:
A scalable power storage system for multiple energy storage applications
Based on Panasonic’s unique technology development abilities, production technology, and global supply chain, the company has achieved
and maintained a major share of the global lithium-ion battery market. Offering an extensive lineup of lithium-ion batteries ranging from small
applications such as consumer batteries for laptop computers, to larger applications such as the batteries used in environmental vehicles,
Panasonic is a leading company in battery technology for various applications.
In addition, Panasonic is a leader in the development and production of photovoltaic modules. Now, based on this foundation, Panasonic has
entered the market for Smart Energy Storage Systems, adding a fourth key product area to already established presence in photovoltaic modules, rechargeable batteries, and batteries for electric and hybrid electric vehicles. Looking forward to future expansion in the renewable
energy storage market, Panasonic will use its leading Smart Energy Storage System to maximize customer satisfaction with “coordination and
integration” technologies actively tailored to meet customer needs.
To realize a low-carbon society of the future
As utility companies begin the large-scale introduction of renewable energy to the grid, Smart Energy Storage Systems will become a key component. This is because renewable energy sources can cause instability with fluctuations in the power they produce. Acting as a stabilizer for renewable energy, the Smart Energy Storage Systems will serve as an energy storage source and play a critical role in the low-carbon society of the future.
CO2 Emissions
Reduction
System
Stabilization
Large-Scale
Power Plants
Hydro Power Plant
Power customers (from commercial to residential users)
V2G
(Vehicle to Grid)
24 hour
Power Transmission Network
Local Generation and
Consumption of Energy
■ Various applications for rechargeable batteries
Environmental Vehicles
Thermal Power Plant
Small-Scale Power Plant
Driving application
Information
Large-Scale Battery System for
Power Storage
Environmental Vehicle Batteries
Scooters / Bicycles
24 hour
store
Communities
New Battery Pack
store
UPS
Residential Use
Industrial Use
Solar Power
generation
Comprised of storage batteries and control units to manage charging and discharging, Panasonic’s Smart Energy Storage System is suitable for
various applications (e.g. Residential Energy Storage, Community Energy Storage, Utility scale ancillary services, etc.). Through the unique control method and know-how of managing energy storage, the system can control systems with over 1,000 storage batteries as part of a 1-MWh
or greater system.
Peak Cut / Peak Shift / Energy Shift
Stationary Type
Buildings / Stores / Factories
Wind Power
Generation
Scalable solutions for various needs in the utility grid
Cylindrical 18650-Type Batteries
Consumer Devices
Battery Power (kW)
Power
Nuclear Power Plant
Home and Business
System Stabilization
Community
Grid Support
Utility Use
Total Battery Capacity (kWh)
24 hour
store
Homes
Small Stores
■ Panasonic’s Energy Business
Photovoltaic
Modules
Rechargeable
Batteries
Rechargeable Batteries for
Environmental Vehicles
Large-Scale Battery Systems for
Stationary Applications
HIT® Photovoltaic
Modules
Conventional
Rechargeable Batteries
Batteries for
HEVs / PHEVs / EVs
System Development
Schools /
Medium-Size Stores Community Centers
(Fire Stations)
Buildings
Factories
Solar / Wind Power
Power Plants
Battery Management System
Modules with global top-level
conversion efficiency. Unique
technology offers optimum
power generation in smaller
spaces as well as better production in hotter environments.
Batteries with high performance and reliability have
earned the confidence of
customers around the world.
Panasonic has a leading share
of the global market.
Panasonic is developing and
e x p anding t he bus ine s s f or
rechargeable batteries for electric
and hybrid electric vehicles.
●Battery Protection Unit (BPU) and Battery Protection
Module (BPM) for small scale systems
●Battery Management Unit (BMU) for mid to large scale
systems
●Standard battery modules for energy storage
Panasonic's modules and equipments are indicated in blue.
4.0 kWh
6.8kWh
27 kWh
100 kWh
1 MWh
"HIT" is a registered trademark of SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.
The name "HIT" comes from "Heterojunction with intrinsic Thin-layer" which is an original technology of SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.
1
Storage Battery System
Storage Battery System
2
P03_04_GridSupport_letter
Stabilizing Power from Renewable Energy Sources
Solutions for the large-scale introduction of
renewable energy!
■
■
■
Amount of installed Solar (World)
Fluctuating power and severe
output changes from wind
and solar energy sources can
be stabilized with energy
storage, providing high quality power to the grid.
Amount of installed Wind (World)
1,000
340 GW
500
200
Solutions for severe power fluctuations
Solutions for frequency regulation
Solutions for peak-power demand
159 GW
20 GW
0
2009
0
2020
2009 : [TRENDS IN PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS Survey report of
selected IEA countries between 1992 and 2009] (IEA PVPS)
2020 : [JPEA PV Outlook 2030] (JPEA)
Solar power output
Power
1-MW System
2009
2020
2009 : [GLOBAL WIND 2009 REPORT] (GWEC)
2020 : [GLOBAL Wind Energy Outlook 2010] (GWEC)
Solar Power + Storage Battery System
Employing Smart Energy Storage System for utility scale
832 GW
Wind Power + Storage Battery System
Wind power output
Power
Grid Support
Charging
Smoothed Output
▲
Discharging
Power fluctuations caused by renewable energy
Discharging
Time
24 hour
▲
Power stabilization using Smart Energy Storage System
Grid
24 hour
store
Instant Power Fluctuation Control (Frequency Control)
Utilizing the high-rate characteristics of lithium-ion batteries
When demand rises, the Smart
Energy Storage System instantly
begins discharging,
and frequency drop is controlled.
Also when demand declines,
frequency rise is controlled by
charging.
Discharge from Storage
Frequency with Storage
Demand
power
store
Grid Frequency
Grid
Time
Frequency without Storage
Charge to Storage
Time
Grid-Scale Battery System Example
Storage Battery System
Time
Project SIESTORAGE (Siemens Energy Storage)
Panasonic’s 500 kWh battery system, consisting of 280 battery modules and
battery management systems, is being used in field test as an integral part of
Siemens’s new SIESTORAGE module energy storage container. The SIESTORAGE
is directly connected to the medium voltage grid in South Europe.
3
Power Supply
Storage Battery Capacity/Output
500kWh/1MW
Application
This storage system serves as a variety of
applications such as Smoothing the natural
fluctuations of solar and wind power to stabilize power supply and prevent power outage.
Storage Battery System
4
P05_06_community_letter
Community Grid
Community Off-Grid
Solutions to reduce the use of natural gas or
other fueled generators for Micro Grids!
Solutions to minimize capital investment by
using distributed energy storage on the grid.
Solutions for severe power fluctuations
■ Solutions to stabilize distribution system’s voltage
Employing Distributed Energy Storage System for
a power grid(Community energy storage)
■
27-kWh System
27-kWh System
Employing Smart Energy Storage System for a power grid (Community energy storage)
Employing Smart Energy Storage System in combination with natural gas or other fueled generators
Natural gas or other fueled generator output used to
meet fluctuations in power demand
By introducing energy storage, natural gas or other fueled generators
can operate at a constant rate, minimizing the fuel usage
and even reducing the number of generators needed.
Load
Grid
Load
Inverter
Generator
▲Community energy storage
Backup Power Source during Outages
Use fluctuating power from wind and solar
sources to charge storage batteries, effectively
stabilizing power to the grid.
Power generated at night charges the Smart
Energy Storage System, and is discharged
during the daytime, shifting the peak demand
and stabilizing the grid.
Power from the battery storage system can also
serve as a backup power source in the event of a
power outage.
Power
Solar power output
Charging
Discharging
Smoothed Load
Demand Shift
Generator with Battery Management & Load Profile
Load averaging is achieved by adding Smart
Energy Storage System, reducing diesel fuel
consumption. This can realize reduction of the
number of natural gas or other fueled generators.
Original Load
Output
Solar Power + Storage Battery System
Generator
Discharge
Generator #5
Power
Peak Demand Shift
Output
Stable Power Output
Charge
Generator #4
Generator #3
Discharge
Discharging
Time
Time
Medium-Scale Power System Example
Generator #2
Energy usage
Generator operating capacity
Charging
Time
Generator #1
Time
University (USA)
SES Controller
Panasonic is conducting a demonstration project with a University in the United States, where we combine the Smart Energy
Storage System with a technology to forecast the output of
solar generation. This demonstration project is aiming to contribute to the stable and reliable supply of electricity in an area
with high level renewable penetration.
Power
Conditioner
CHARGE
DISCHARGE
Inverter
Lights
Storage Battery Capacity/Output
32 kWh / 7.2 kW
Photovoltaic Modules
30 kW
Battery Management Unit
Air conditioners
Photovoltaic
Module
Application
Charges the electricity generated by PVs, and
uses it for peak load cut and backup power
supply. Jointly demonstrating a system to
forecast solar power output with a University.
Power outlet
Commercial Power (AC)
Lib unit x 20sets
Lithium-ion Battery System
5
Storage Battery System
Facilities
In operation since June 2011
Storage Battery System
6
P07_08_small_letter
Homes and Small Stores
Industrial/ Commercial
Reduces electricity bills by reducing contracted power
(peak shifting)
■ Can be utilized as UPS function
■ Also can act as a valuable asset for Energy Arbitrage/Demand
response and other applications
■
■
■
■
Reduces power bills through self-consumption of photovoltaic electricity
Contributes to the reduction of CO2 emissions
Serves as an emergency power source in the event of a disaster
27-kWh System
4.0/ 6.8-kWh System
Employing Smart Energy Storage System
in a home or small store
Homestation
DC
DC
DC
AC
DC
DC
store
iEMCpro
Employing Smart Energy Storage System for buildings, factories, and schools
House Cabinet
VNB
(Gridowner)
PV Module
AC Load
(Home)
Lithium-ion Battery System
Backup Power Source during Outages
Power stored during off-peak, late-night hours in the battery storage
system is discharged during daytime peak demand, effectively shifting
the peak demand.
Power from the storage system can be used as a backup power source in
the event of a power outage.
Shifting peak demand usage by combining photovoltaic modules and Smart Energy
Storage System; maximizing consumption of photovoltaic module power
(Conventional PV)
Original Load
Discharging
Smoothed Load
Demand Shift
PV generation
PV generation〈feed to grid〉
LOAD Consumption
electricity bill
Before
Output
Output
Peak Demand Shift
feed to grid
Discharge
After
(PV Plus Battery)
PV charges to Battery
feed to grid
Battery discharges
to load
PV generation〈charge〉
PV generation
PV generation〈feed to grid〉
Battery discharges to load
LOAD Consumption
electricity bill
Charging
Time
Facility UPS
When there is a power outage, the lithium-ion battery storage
system can operate as a UPS system to bridge the operation of
critical systems until the power returns or a backup generator
starts.
Installation example:
TV and radio stations operating during severe weather conditions
Fire and rescue dispatch systems
Time
0
6
12
18
23
Residential Storage Battery System Example
Time
0
6
12
18
23
Time
Adoption for Home System (Germany)
Storage Battery Capacity
4.05kWh
Photovoltaic Modules
4.6 kW
Application
Storage batteries are used to maximize the use of
solar power, which leads to higher self consumption. The stored energy is used during the period
without solar radiation.
Under operation
7
Storage Battery System
Storage Battery System
8
P09_10_systemspec_letter
Configuration of Smart Energy Storage System
24 hour
Panasonic's Kasai Green Energy Park (Japan)
In the power storage building at the Kasai Green
Energy Park, there are more than 800 standard
battery modules, each with an output of 1.6kWh.
Panasonic has developed one of the world's top
level power systems with the Lithium Mega Storage System at the site. Efficiently controlled energy
generated from photovoltaic modules, as well as
energy provided through off-peak, late-night grid
power stored in these storage batteries, is utilized
through optimal energy management.
store
Battery Management Unit (BMU)
Power Conditioner
Battery Management System
This component controls the charging and discharging of
the storage batteries. Comprised of standard modules for
power storage and a battery management controller, this
component can manage multiple component batteries so
that they can be used as if they were a single battery.
1.5 MWh / 288 kW
Photovoltaic Modules
1 MW
Application
Peak shaving: Store late-night power from the
grid and surplus solar power for daytime use
in the Kasai Green Energy Park
Standard Battery Module for Energy Storage
Contains 312 Battery cells
(DCB102U/104E)
The standard battery module is a freely scalable building block containing
312 cylindrical 18650-type lithium-ion battery cells (18 mm diameter, 65
mm length) often used in laptop computers and power tools. By using
proven battery technology, we are able to realize the highest level of
safety and quality.
Cylindrical 18650-Type
Lithium-ion Battery Cell
In operation since October 2010
Accomplishment of average 17% peak shaving in July, 2011
Technology Features
Small Scale System
Storage Battery Capacity/Output
High-Rate Unit
High-Rate System
●Average peak shaving rate is 17% in Peak hour of electricity demand (13:00 ∼ 16:00)
●Annual utility charge reduction effect (preliminary calculation) is about 3.5 million yen
BMU
BMU
BPU/BPM
Charge
Charge
Charge
Peak cut ratio for each day
Discharge
Discharge
Discharge
Storage Batteries
Max.
5 modules
in parallel
Battery module
DCB-102U
Simple system for
residential storage system
Storage Batteries
Battery module
DCB-104E
High-Rate battery module Unit
for middle size application
Max.
15 modules
in series.
Storage Batteries
Max.
15 modules
in series
20 lines
in parallel
7/5
7/6
7/7
7/8
7/11 7/14
Tue
Wed
Thu
Fri
Mon
20% 16%
11%
Storage Battery System
18% 20% 23%
The day in big result of PV
July 15th, 2011
(FRI)
7/15 7/18 7/19
Fri
22%
7/20 7/21 7/22 7/25 7/26 7/28
Tue
Wed
Thu
19% 11%
18%
12%
Mon
Reduction by EMS
PV
Storage
Discharge
Consumed Electricity
8/1
8/2
8/3
Thu
Mon
Tue
Wed
18% 14% 18% 17%
17%
19% 20%
Fri
Mon Tue
The day in small result of PV
July 19th, 2011
(TUE)
Average
17%
Reduction by EMS
PV
Storage
Discharge
Consumed Electricity
Peak cut
Peak cut
Battery module
DCB-104E
Peak hour of electricity demand
(13 :00 ∼16 :00 )
High C-rate battery
for high power
application
0:00
9
Thu
6:00
12:00
18:00
Peak hour of electricity demand
(13 :00 ∼16 :00 )
0:00
6:00
12:00
18:00
Storage Battery System
10
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