- Hawking Technology

- Hawking Technology

Wireless-AC Multifunction Extender HW7ACW website www.hawkingtech.com

e-mail [email protected]

© COPYRIGHT 2015 HAWKING TECHNOLOGIES,INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

USER’S MANUAL



COPYRIGHT

Copyright ©2015 by Hawking Technologies. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of this company

Hawking Technologies makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed "as is".

Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer

(and not Hawking Technologies, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software. Further, this company reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in the contents thereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.

Federal Communication Commission

Interference Statement

FCC Part 15

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a

Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.

However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.

FCC Caution

This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with provided instructions and a minimum 20 cm spacing must be provided between computer mounted antenna and person’s body (excluding extremities of hands, wrist and feet) during wireless modes of operation.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the authority to operate equipment.

Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure

Statement

This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the

FCC radio frequency exposure limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20cm (8 inches) during normal operation.

The antenna(s) used for this transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.

R&TTE Compliance Statement

This equipment complies with all the requirements of DIRECTIVE

1999/5/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL of

March 9, 1999 on radio equipment and telecommunication terminal

Equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity (R&TTE).

The R&TTE Directive repeals and replaces in the directive 98/13/EEC

(Telecommunications Terminal Equipment and Satellite Earth Station

Equipment) As of April 8, 2000.

Safety

This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install and use it. However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock and static electricity when working with electrical equipment.

All guidelines of this and of the computer manufacture must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure the safe use of the equipment.

EU Countries Intended for Use

The ETSI version of this device is intended for home and office use in

Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,

Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the

United Kingdom.

The ETSI version of this device is also authorized for use in EFTA member states: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.

EU Countries Not intended for use

None.

Table of Contents

Chapter I: Product Information ...................................................................... 1

1-1 Introduction and safety information ..................................................................... 1

1-2 Definition of Supported Modes ............................................................................. 3

1-3 Safety Information ................................................................................................ 4

1-4 System Requirements ............................................................................................ 5

1-5 Package Contents ................................................................................................. 6

1-6 Product Overview ................................................................................................. 7

CHAPTER II: Repeater Mode ....................................................................... 11

2-1 Repeater Quick Installation Guide ......................................................................11

2-1-1 Hardware WPS button setup ................................................................... 13

2-1-2 Repeater Web Based Setup ...................................................................... 17

2-2 General Setup ..................................................................................................... 23

2-2-1 System ..................................................................................................... 23

2-2-2 Local Network ......................................................................................... 26

2-2-3 Wireless Configuration ............................................................................ 29

2-2-3-1 Security Settings .......................................................................... 30

2-2-4 Wireless Access Control .......................................................................... 35

2-2-5 Advanced Wireless Settings .................................................................... 38

2-2-6 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) ................................................................. 42

2-3 Status .................................................................................................................. 45

2-4 Configuration Tools ............................................................................................ 46

2-5 Firmware Upgrade .............................................................................................. 48

2-6 System Reset....................................................................................................... 50

CHAPTER III: Bridge Mode ...................................................................... 51

3-1 Client Bridge Quick Installation Guide .............................................................. 51

3-1-1 Hardware WPS button setup ................................................................... 53

3-1-2 Client Bridge Web based Setup ............................................................... 57

3-2 General Setup ..................................................................................................... 62

3-2-1 System ..................................................................................................... 62

3-2-2 Local Network ......................................................................................... 65

3-2-3 Wireless Configuration ............................................................................ 68

3-2-3-1 Security Settings .......................................................................... 69

3-2-4 Wireless Access Control .......................................................................... 74

3-2-5 Advanced Wireless Settings .................................................................... 77

3-2-6 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) ................................................................. 81

3-3 Status .................................................................................................................. 84

3-4 Configuration Tools ............................................................................................ 85

3-5 Firmware Upgrade .............................................................................................. 87

3-6 System Reset....................................................................................................... 89

CHAPTER IV: Access Point Mode ............................................................ 90

4-1 AP mode Quick Installation Guide ..................................................................... 90

4-1-1 Hardware WPS button setup ................................................................... 92

4-1-2 Access Point Web Based Setup ............................................................... 95

4-3 General Setup ................................................................................................... 101

4-3-1 System ................................................................................................... 102

4-3-2 Local Network ....................................................................................... 104

4-2-3 Wireless Configuration .......................................................................... 107

4-2-3-1 Security Settings ........................................................................ 108

4-2-3-2 Security Tips for Wireless Network ............................................112

4-3 Status .................................................................................................................114

4-4 Configuration Tools ...........................................................................................115

4-5 Firmware Upgrade .............................................................................................117

4-6 System Reset......................................................................................................119

Chapter V: Appendix ................................................................................. 120

5-1 Configuring TCP/IP on PC ............................................................................... 120

5-1-1 Windows XP IP address setup ............................................................... 120

5-1-2 Windows Vista/7/8 IP address setup ...................................................... 122

5-1-3 Mac OS X IP Address Setup ................................................................. 124

5-2 Specification ..................................................................................................... 125

5-3 Glossary ............................................................................................................ 126

Chapter I: Product Information

1-1 Introduction and safety information

Thank you for purchasing the HW7ACW Wireless-AC Multifunction

Extender!

The ultra-compact design and built-in power adapter allows you to install this HW7ACW everywhere, and still provide excellent network performance to extend the Wi-Fi signal and wireless coverage.

Other features of this Multi-Function HW7ACW:

 Support 802.11a/b/g/n and 802.11ac standards. Speeds up to

300Mbps for 2.4Ghz, 150Mbps for 5GHz and 433Mbps for 5Ghz in

11ac mode.

 Dual-band provide user to the best compatibility to the wireless router.

 Extend the wireless signal inside your home or office.

 Ultra-compact design while maintaining excellent network performance.

 LED signal indicator to easily recognize the best location placement to extend Wireless signal and secure better wireless performance.

 The device supports Repeater mode, Access Point mode and Bridge mode

 Hardware switch button lets user change operation modes without logging into web firmware.

1

 WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) hardware button for easy installation and secure wireless security.

2

1-2 Definition of Supported Modes

Modes

The HW7ACW supports 3 different modes.

Repeater: Also known as range extender, this mode will allow you to repeat a selected wireless signal so you can extend the coverage of the existing wireless network. After setup, the device is standalone. Computers or other networked devices can also be wired into the network port on the unit.

Bridge Mode: The HW7ACW will allow you to connect wired devices

wirelessly to an existing wireless router or access point. It will “bridge” these devices wirelessly with your network. It will not broadcast any

Wireless signal. It will only make a wireless connection between the

Access Point and the HW7ACW and allow devices that are only wired to connect to the wireless network.

Access Point: The HW7ACW will broadcast a Wireless signal for other computers and devices to connect to. Must be plugged into the router or network after setup.

3

1-3 Safety Information

In order to keep the safety of users and property, please follow the following safety instructions:

1. This wireless HW7ACW is designed for indoor use only. DO NOT expose this device to direct sun light, rain, or snow.

2. DO NOT put this at or near hot or humid places, like kitchen or bathroom.

Also, do not leave this Wireless HW7ACW in the car in summer.

3. Do not allow children to put any parts of this wireless HW7ACW in their mouths. It could cause serious injury or could be fatal. If they throw this wireless HW7ACW, it will be damaged. PLEASE KEEP THIS WIRELESS

HW7ACW OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN!

4. This Wireless HW7ACW will become hot when being used for long time

(This is normal and is not a malfunction). DO NOT put the Wireless

HW7ACW on paper, cloth, or other flammable objects.

5. There’s no user-serviceable part inside the Wireless HW7ACW. If you find that the Wireless HW7ACW is not working properly, please contact your place of purchase and ask for help. DO NOT disassemble the Wireless

HW7ACW by yourself, warranty will be void.

6. If the Wireless HW7ACW falls into water, DO NOT USE IT. Please contact your place of purchase and ask for help or for Warranty Return.

4

1-4 System Requirements

 Computer or network device(s) with wired or wireless network interface card.

 Web browser (Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 or above, Netscape

Navigator 4.7 or above, Opera web browser, Mozilla Firefox web

browser or Safari web browser).

 An available AC power socket (100 – 240 V, 50/60Hz)

5

1-5 Package Contents

Before you start to use this Wireless HW7ACW, please check if there’s anything missing in the package. If so, please contact your place of purchase to claim missing items:

1x - Wireless-AC Multifunction Extender

1x - Quick Installation Guide

1x – CD containing user manual and product registration.

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1-6 Product Overview

Interface Descriptions

A

B

C

Item Item Name

A Mode switch

B

C

LAN port

WPS / Reset

Description

You can switch the operation mode by this switch. The HW7ACW supports 3 modes:

AP mode, Repeater mode and Bridge-Client mode.

One 10/100Mbps Ethernet LAN Port with

Auto-MDI/MDI-X.

This button support 2 functions:

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button

LED Definitions

1. One click to start WPS function (Both

2.4Ghz and 5Ghz)

2. Hold the button 10 seconds to reset all the values to the factory default.

LED Color LED Status

Steady ON

Signal

Status

(5G)

Amber

Blinking

Off

Signal

Status

(2.4G)

Green

Steady ON

Blinking

8

Description

1. Good signal (RSSI 100%~50%)

1. Poor signal

2. Slow blinking (RSSI <50%~25%)

3. Quick blinking (RSSI <25%)

1. No signal/ or LED off mode.

1. Good signal (RSSI 100%~50%)

1. Poor signal

2. Slow blinking (RSSI <50%~25%)

3. Quick blinking (RSSI <25%)

WLAN

Status Green

Power

On/Off

Status

Green

WPS

(2.4/5G)

Green

LAN

Green

Off

Blinking

Off

Steady ON

1. No signal/ or LED off mode.

Wireless function is active (transferring or receiving data)

Wireless network is switched off/ or

LED off mode.

1. Power is turned on

Slow Blinking

Off

Steady ON

Blinking

1. System is booting up.

(Duty cycle 700ms on/700ms off)

2. Ready for “Reset to factory default”, power LED is blinking.

(Duty cycle 700ms on/700ms off)

1. Power is turned off.

2. LED off mode. (except power LED is on, other LEDs are off *)

*If you select to enable “LED OFF mode”, power LED On/Off depends on your selection, you can select to leave only power LED on or turn off all LEDs including this power LED.

1. When WPS connection is successful, turn on for 5 minutes.

1. WPS is in progress, blinking for 2 minutes (waiting for WPS connection)

Quick blinking 1. WPS error, blinking

Steady ON

Blinking

Off

1. LAN port is connected.

1. LAN port is active (transferring or receiving data).

1. LAN port is not connected/ or LED off mode

9

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CHAPTER II: Repeater Mode

The HW7ACW is designed with the wireless repeater mode. This mode allows you to repeat your wireless signal and coverage and help you to solve wireless dead zones.

This chapter will show you how to quickly install this device by using quick setup and define the settings on the web based interface.

2-1 Repeater Quick Installation Guide

For first time setup and easy installation, you can move this device close to the Wireless Broadband Router or Access point you wish to connect to.

After the installation is done and wireless connection is made, you can move this HW7ACW to the place you wish to use it at. Note that in repeater mode, this device acts like a wireless relay and should be placed at a midpoint so it can grab a signal from your router and then rebroadcast it to your extended location.

On the Bottom of the product, change the Switch mode selector to

Repeater’.

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Insert this device into a power outlet in the wall. You should see ‘Power

LED light up in a few seconds. If not, please check if the power outlet you’re using is working.

There are two ways to set this up:

You can build wireless connection via ‘Hardware WPS button’ or ‘Software web browser’.

If your wireless router or access point supports ‘WPS’, we recommend you use the WPS button to establish connection. It is the fast and secure way without computer.

Using WPS button - please go to section 2-1-1

Using Web browser - please go to section 2-1-2

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2-1-1 Hardware WPS button setup

(1) Press and hold WPS button on HW7ACW for 2 seconds, ‘WPS’ LED will start flashing.

WPS button

13

WPS LED

(2) Press WPS button on the wireless broadband router or access point you wish to connect within 2 minutes.

NOTE: this WPS button position on access point is an example.

Different devices may have different WPS button position.

14

TIP: If the access point you wish to connect does not have hardware WPS button, you can also use its web configuration menu’s WPS function to establish connection. You can also login to this HW7ACW’s web UI and do the setup there.

(Refer to 2-1-2)

(3) If WPS connection is successfully established, ‘WPS’ LED will light for

5 minutes; if ‘WPS’ LED flashes fast, there’s something wrong. Please wait for 2 minutes until ‘WPS’ LED off, and try from step 1 again.

WPS LED

When WPS installation is successful, the ‘WLAN” LEDs will turn on.

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Signal LED

(4) Please move the Wireless HW7ACW to the place you wish to use it (the best place would be a midpoint between your router and your wireless devices so the HW7ACW can relay the signal).

You can check the ‘Signal’ LED status to understand signal reception level.

Steady light: Excellent, signal > 67%

Slow Flash: Good, signal < 66%

Quick Flash: Fair, signal < 33%

No Flash: no signal.

NOTE: If the Signal LED is off, it means the location is out of range of your wireless broadband router or access point. Please move this

HW7ACW closer to the broadband router until the HW7ACW can receive signal from broadband router and repeat its signal.

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2-1-2 Repeater Web Based Setup

Before you can connect to the HW7ACW and start configuration procedures, your computer must be able to get an IP address automatically

(use dynamic IP address). If it’s set to use a static IP address, please refer to

Chapter V: Appendix, 5-1 Configuring TCP/IP on PC’ to set your computer to use dynamic IP address.

(1) Use Ethernet cable to connect your computer’s Ethernet port and wireless HW7ACW’s Ethernet port.

You can also use your computer’s wireless configuration utility to search for a wireless network called ‘Hawking_HW7ACW and get connected. (The default 2.4GHz wireless name of this HW7ACW device is: ‘Hawking_HW7ACW_2.4GHz’ and the default 5GHz wireless name is ‘Hawking_HW7ACW_5GHz’)

(2) Open a web browser and it should automatically redirect to the setup page. However, if it does not, you can type in ‘http://repeater.setup’ in the address bar. Note: You can also type in http://192.168.1.241

in the address bar. A window will prompt you to input username and password. Default username is ‘admin’ and password is ‘1234’. Click

‘OK’ button to continue.

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(3) Once you are logged in, the HW7ACW setup page will appear.

18

(4) By default, the first page will allow you to choose a 2.4GHz network you want to connect. If you do not want to repeat a 2.4GHz network, you can click skip on the bottom of the page. Select your network and click ‘Next’

(5) If your network is a secure network, a password field will be prompted. Please type in the wireless password of the 2.4GHz network. Contact your network admin if you do not know this password.

Click Next. The device will then verify if you inputted the correct password. Click Yes to continue if you wish to repeat a 5GHz signal.

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(6) The next page will allow you to choose a 5GHz network you want to connect. If you do not want to repeat a 5GHz network, you can click skip on the bottom of the page. Select your network and click ‘Next’

(7) If your network is a secure network, a password field will be prompted. Please type in the wireless password of the 5GHz network. Contact your network admin if you do not know this password.

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Click Next. The device will then verify if you inputted the correct password.

Click Next to continue if you wish to repeat a 5GHz signal.

(8) By default, the HW7ACW will use the same SSID as your Home

Wireless Network. If you wish to use a different name, you can uncheck the box and type in your own SSID.

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(9) Advanced IP address settings: This section allows you to set an IP

Address and subnet mask to fit your network if needed. Uncheck the box to input. Otherwise, the default IP Address in repeater mode is

192.168.1.241.

Note1: It is recommended you give it an IP address in the same range of your network. Otherwise, once it is configured it will not be in the same range and you will not be able to access the setup page to view the general settings.

Note2: After configuration, you can access the settings page at any time using ‘http://repeater.setup’ from any computer that is wirelessly or directly connected to the HW7ACW. From other devices on the network,you must use the IP address of the HW7ACW.

(10) The last page wil be a summary of your settings.

If everything is correct, click ‘Finish’ and the HW7ACW will then proceed to reboot and restart.

(11) After reboot is complete, you can close the web browser to finish this quick setup. The HW7ACW will now be in extender mode.

Please place the extender in an optimal location.

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2-2 General Setup

In this chapter, you’ll know how to change the major settings of the

HW7ACW. Log onto the device and click on ‘General Setup’.

2-2-1 System

Change password

Default password of the HW7ACW is ‘1234’, and it’s displayed on the login prompt when accessed from the web browser. There’s a security risk if you don’t change the default password, since everyone can see it at the prompt.

This is very important when you have wireless function enabled.

To change password, please follow the instructions:

Please click ‘General Setup’ at top of web management interface, select

‘System’ tab on the left hand column, and then click ‘Password Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

23

1

2

3

Current Please input current password here.

Password (1):

New Password (2): Please input new password here.

Confirm Please input new password here again.

Password (3):

If the password you typed in ‘New Password’ (2) and ‘Confirm Password’

(3) field are not the same, you’ll see the following message:

Please retype the new password again when you see above message.

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If you see the following message:

It means the content in ‘Current Password’ field is wrong, please click ‘OK’ to go back to previous menu, and try to input current password again.

If the current and new passwords are correctly entered, after you click

‘Apply’, you’ll be prompted to input your new password:

Please use new password to enter web management interface again, and you should be able to login with new password.

25

2-2-2 Local Network

Before all computers using wired Ethernet connection can communicate with each other and access Internet, they must have a valid IP address.

There are two ways to assign IP addresses to computers: static IP address

(set the IP address for every computer manually), and dynamic IP address

(IP address of computers will be assigned by access point automatically. It’s recommended for most computers to use dynamic IP address, it will save a lot of time on setting IP addresses for every computer, especially when there are a lot of computers in your network; for servers and network devices which will provide services to other computers and users that come from the

Internet, a static IP address should be used.

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Suggestions on IP Address numbering plan:

If you have no idea on how to define an IP address plan for your network, here are some suggestions.

1. A valid IP address has 4 fields: a.b.c.d, for most of home and company users, it’s suggested to use 192.168.c.d, where c is an integer between 0 and 254, and d is an integer between 1 and 254. This router is capable to work with up to 253 clients, so you can set ‘d’ field of IP address of router as 1 or 254 (or any number between 1 and 254), and pick a number between

0 and 254 for field ‘c’.

2.

In most cases, you should use ‘255.255.255.0’ as subnet mask, which allows up to 253 clients (this also meets router’s capability of working with up to 253 clients).

3. For all servers and network devices which will provide services to other people (like Internet service, print service, and file service), they should use static IP address. Give each of them a unique number between 1 and 253, and maintain a list, so everyone can locate those servers easily.

4. For computers which are not dedicated to provide specific service to others, they should use dynamic IP address.

Please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Local Network’ on the left hand column.

There are two setup groups here: ‘LAN IP’ and ‘DHCP Server’

1

2

3

4

Obtain an IP address (1): The device will automatically obtain an IP automatically address from your router/network automatically

27

Use the Following IP (2):Please input the IP address you wish to use

Address

Subnet Mask (3): Please input your subnet mask address for the network.

Default Gateway (4): Please input your default gateway for the network

Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:

IP Address: 192.168.1.241

Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0

Gateway Address: (leave it blank)

1

2

3

4

5

6

These settings are only available when ‘DHCP Server’ is ‘Enabled’.

Default Gateway (1): Please input your default gateway address

Domain Name (2): If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain name for your network. This is optional.

DHCP Client Start IP (3): Please input the start IP address of the IP range.

DHCP Client End IP (4): Please input the end IP address of the IP range.

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Domain Name (5): If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain name for your network. This is optional.

Lease Time (6): Please choose a lease time (the duration that every computer can keep a specific IP address) of every IP address assigned by this access point from dropdown menu.

Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:

Lease Time: Two Weeks (or ‘Forever’, if you have less than 20 computers)

Default Gateway: (leave it blank)

Domain Server IP: (leave it blank)

Start IP: 192.168.1.100

End IP: 192.168.1.200

Domain Name: (leave it blank)

NOTE:

1. The number of the last field (mentioned ‘d’ field) of ‘End IP’ must be greater than ‘Start IP’, and cannot be the same as router’s IP address.

2. The former three fields of IP address of ‘Start IP’, ‘End IP’, and ‘IP

Address of ‘LAN IP’ section (mentioned ‘a’, ‘b’, and ‘c’ field) should be the same.

3. These settings will affect wireless clients too.

2-2-3 Wireless Configuration

Please click ‘General Setup’ tab at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘2.4GHz Wireless Configuration’ or 5GHz Wireless Configuration tab on the left hand column. The following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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SSID (3): This is the name of wireless network that the HW7ACW will broadcast.

Channel (4): This is the wireless channel that the HW7ACW will broadcast at. Please make sure it is the same channel

of the existing network you hope to repeat.

2-2-3-1 Security Settings

It is important to set your wireless security settings properly! In repeater mode, the security settings must match the wireless network you are planning to connect to, otherwise, a connection cannot be established.

Please select an encryption method from the ‘Encryption’ dropdown menu, there are four options:

Disable

WEP

WPA pre-shared key

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Disable wireless security

When you select this mode, data encryption is disabled.

Use this option only when there is no security set up on the original

Wireless Signal.

WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy

When you select this mode, the wireless access point will use WEP encryption, and the following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:

2

3

4

5

Key Length (2): There are two types of WEP key length: 64-bit and

6

128-bit. Using ‘128-bit’ is safer than ’64-bit’, but will reduce some data transfer performance.

Key Format (3): There are two types of key format: ASCII and Hex.

When you select a key format, the number of characters of key will be displayed. For example, if you select ’64-bit’ as key length, and ‘Hex’ as key format, you’ll see the message at the right of ‘Key Format’ is ‘Hex

(10 characters), which means the length of WEP key is 10

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characters.

Default Tx Key (4): This device only supports one WEP Key ‘Key 1’.

Encryption Key (5) Input WEP key characters here, the number of characters must be the same as the number displayed at ‘Key Format’ field. You can use any alphanumerical characters (0-9, a-z, and A-Z) if you select ‘ASCII’ key format, and if you select ‘Hex’ as key format, you can use characters 0-9, a-f, and A-F. You must enter at least one encryption key here, and if you entered multiple WEP keys, they should not be same with each other.

TIPS: Examples of WEP key

ASCII (5 characters): pilot phone 23561 2Hyux #@xmL

ASCII (13 characters): digitalFAMILY 82Jh26xHy3m&n

Hex (10 characters): 287d2aa732 1152dabc85

Hex (26 characters): 9284bcda8427c9e036f7abcd84

To improve security level, do not use words that can be found in a dictionary or are easy to remember! Wireless clients will automatically remember the WEP key, so you only have to input the WEP key on wireless client once, and it is suggested that to use a complex WEP key to improve security level. Once you have chosen a password, write it down and keep it in a secure place.

After you finish WEP setting, please click ‘Apply’ (6) button and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA):

When you select this mode, the wireless access point will use WPA encryption, and the following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:

2

3

4

5

WPA Unicast Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.

Cipher Suite (2): Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES), and

You can select one of them, but you have to make sure your wireless client support the cipher you selected.

Pre-shared Select the type of pre-shared key, you

Key Format (3): can select Passphrase (8 or more alphanumerical characters, up to 63), or Hex (64 characters of 0-9, and a-f).

Pre-shared Please input the WPA passphrase here.

Key (4):

It’s not recommended to use a word that can be found in a dictionary due to security reason.

After you finish WPA Pre-shared key setting, please click ‘Apply’ button (5) and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

NOTE: Some wireless clients (especially those manufactured before year 2003) only support WEP or WPA (TKIP) cipher. A driver upgrade would be needed for those clients to use WPA and WPA2 encryption.

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2-2-4 Wireless Access Control

This function will help you prevent unauthorized users from connecting to your wireless access point; only those wireless devices who have a MAC address you assigned can gain access to your wireless access point. Use this function with other security measures described in previous section, to create a safer wireless environment.

You can add up to 20 MAC addresses by using this function. Please click

‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Wireless

Configuration’ on the left hand column. Select ‘Access Control’.

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2

1

3

8

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4

5

All allowed MAC addresses will be displayed in ‘MAC Address Filtering

Table.

Enable Wireless To enforce MAC address filtering, you have to check

Access Control (1): ‘Enable Wireless Access Control’. When this item is unchecked, wireless access point will not enforce MAC address filtering of wireless clients.

MAC Address (2): Input the MAC address of your wireless devices here, dash ( - ) or colon ( : ) are not required. (i.e. If the

MAC address label of your wireless device indicates

‘aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff’ or ‘aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff’, just input

‘aabbccddeeff’.

Comment (3): You can input any text here as the comment of this

MAC address, like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’ or anything. You can input up to 16 alphanumerical characters here. This is optional and you can leave it blank, however, it’s recommended to use this field to write a comment for every MAC addresses as a memory aid.

Add (4):

Click ‘Apply’ button to add the MAC address and associated comment to the MAC address filtering table.

Clear (5):

Click ‘Clear’ to remove the value you inputted in

MAC address and comment field.

Delete Selected (6): If you want to delete a specific MAC address entry, check the ‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to delete, then click ‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can select more than one MAC addresses).

Delete All (7): If you want to delete all MAC addresses listed

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here, please click ‘Delete All’ button.

After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (8) button and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

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2-2-5 Advanced Wireless Settings

This bridge provides some advanced control of wireless parameters, if you want to configure these settings, please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Advanced Settings’ on the left hand column.

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1

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Fragment Threshold(1): Set the Fragment threshold of wireless radio.

Do not modify the default value if you do not understand the function, default value is ‘2346’.

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RTS Threshold(2): Set the RTS threshold of wireless radio. Do not modify

the default value if you do not understand the function, default value is ‘2347’.

Beacon Interval(3): Set the beacon interval of wireless radio. Do not

modify the default value if you do not understand the function, default value is ‘100’.

DTIM Period(4): Set the DTIM period of wireless radio. Do not modify

the default value if you do not understand the function, default value is ‘3’.

Data Rate(5): Set the wireless data transfer rate to a certain value.

Since most of wireless devices will negotiate with each other and pick a proper data transfer rate automatically. It is not necessary to change this value

unless you know what will happen after modification.

N Data Rate(6): Same as above, but only for 802.11n clients.

Channel Width(7): Set channel width of wireless radio. Do not modify the

default value if you do not understand the function,

default setting is ‘Auto 80 MHz’.

Preamble Type(8): Set the type of preamble, do not modify the default

value if you do not know what it is, default setting is

‘Short Preamble’.

Broadcast ESSID(9): Decide if the wireless access point will broadcast its own ESSID or not. You can hide the ESSID of your wireless access point (set the option to ‘Disable’), so only those people who know the ESSID of your wireless access point can connect to the unit.

CTS Protect(10): Enabling this setting will reduce the chance of radio

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signal collisions between 802.11b and 802.11g/n wireless access points. It is recommended to set this option to ‘Auto’ or ‘Always’. However, if you set to

‘None’, your wireless access point should be able to function properly.

Transmit Power(11): You can set the output power of wireless radio. Unless you are using this wireless access point in a large open space, you may not have to set output power to 100%.

This will enhance security (malicious / unauthorized users in distance will not be able to reach your wireless access point).

WMM(12): Wi-Fi MultiMedia (WMM) will enhance the data transfer performance of multimedia contents when they are being transferred over a wireless network. If you

do not understand the function, then it is safe to set this option to ‘Enable’, however, default value is

‘Disable’.

After you finish these wireless settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, button, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu; to continue on access point setup, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

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2-2-6 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)

Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the simplest way to build connection between wireless network clients and this wireless access point. You don’t have to select an encryption mode and input a long encryption passphrase every time when you need to set up a wireless client, you only have to press a button on the wireless client and this wireless access point, and the WPS will automatically configure for you.

This wireless access point supports two types of WPS: Push-Button

Configuration (PBC), and PIN code. If you want to use PBC, you have to push a specific button on the wireless client to start WPS mode, and switch this wireless access point to WPS mode too. You can push Reset/WPS button of this wireless access point, or click ‘Start PBC’ button in the web configuration interface to do this; if you want to use PIN code, you have to know the PIN code of wireless client and switch it to WPS mode, then provide the PIN code of the wireless client you wish to connect to this wireless access point. The detailed instructions are listed follow:

Please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Wireless Configuration’ on the left hand column. Select ‘WPS’.

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Enable WPS (1) Check this box to enable WPS function, uncheck it to disable WPS.

WPS Information (2) WPS Status: If the wireless security (encryption) function of this wireless access point is properly set, you’ll see ‘Configured’ message here. If wireless security function has not been set, you’ll see ‘Not configured’.

Self PIN code: This is the WPS PIN code of this wireless access point. This code is useful when you need to build wireless connection by WPS with other

WPS-enabled wireless devices.

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SSID: The SSID of this wireless access point will be displayed here.

Authentication Mode: The wireless security authentication mode of this wireless access point will be displayed here. If you do not enable security function of the wireless access point before WPS is activated, the access point will auto set the security to

WPA (AES) and generate a set passphrase key for WPS connection.

Passphrase Key: The wireless security key of the access point will be displayed here.

Config Mode (3)

There are ‘Registrar’ and ‘Enrollee’ modes for the

WPS connection. When ‘Registrar’ is enabled, the wireless clients will follow the access point’s wireless settings for WPS connection. When ‘Enrolle’ mode is enabled, the access point will follow the wireless settings of wireless client for WPS connection.

Configure

Click ‘Start PBC’ to start Push-Button style WPS by Push Button (4) setup procedure. This wireless access point will wait for WPS requests from wireless clients for 2 minutes.

The ‘WLAN’ LED light on the wireless access point will be steady for 2 minutes when this wireless access point is waiting for incoming WPS request.

Input client Please input the PIN code of the wireless client you

PinCode (5) wish to connect, and click ‘Start PIN’ button.

The ‘WLAN’ LED light on the wireless access point will be steady when this wireless access point is waiting for incoming WPS request.

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2-3 Status

The status and information of the HW7ACW will be displayed here.

Click on the status tab on the top of web page.

You should see the screen looks like this (the contents will vary depending on your current firmware):

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2-4 Configuration Tools

You can back up all configurations of this access point to a file, so you can make several cops of the HW7ACW’s configuration for security reason.

To backup or restore the HW7ACW’s configuration, please follow the instructions:

Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Configuration Tools’ on the left hand column.

1

2

3

Backup

Press ‘Save...’ button, and you’ll be prompted to

Settings (1): download the configuration as a file, default filename is ‘default.bin’, you can please save it as another filename for different versions, and keep it in a safe place.

Restore

Press ‘Browse…’ to pick a previously-saved

Settings (2): configuration file from your computer, and then click

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‘Upload’ to transfer the configuration file to access point. After the configuration is uploaded, the access point’s configuration will be replaced by the file you just uploaded.

Restore to Click this button to remove all settings you made, and

Factory Default (3): restore the configuration of this access point back to factory default settings.

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2-5 Firmware Upgrade

The system software used by this access point is known as ‘firmware’, just like any applications on your computer, when you replace the old application with a new one; your computer will be equipped with new function. You can also use this firmware upgrade function to add new functions to your access point, even fix the bugs of this access point.

To upgrade firmware, please follow the instructions:

Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Firmware Upgrade’ on the left hand column.

Click ‘Next’ button if you wish to upgrade your firmware.

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Click ‘Browse’ button, and you’ll be prompted to provide the filename of the firmware upgrade file. Please download the latest firmware file from the

Hawking Technologies website at www.hawkingtech.com, and use it to upgrade your access point.

After a firmware upgrade file is selected, click ‘Apply’ button, and the access point will start firmware upgrade procedure automatically. The procedure may take several minutes, please be patient.

NOTE: Never interrupt the upgrade procedure by closing the web browser or physically disconnect your computer from router. If the firmware you uploaded is corrupt, the firmware upgrade will fail, and you may have to return this router to the dealer of purchase to ask for help. Warranty is void if you interrupt the upgrade procedure.

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2-6 System Reset

If you think you network performance is bad, or you find the behavior of the access point is strange, you can perform a access point reset. Sometimes it will solve the problem.

Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Reset on the left hand column.

Please click ‘Apply’ to reset your access point, and it will be available again after a few minutes, please be patient.

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CHAPTER III: Bridge Mode

Client mode can let your networking device have wireless capability; it will become your device’s wireless network card. You can connect this device to an Ethernet port on a TV or DVD player or game console device with

Ethernet cable.

This chapter will show you how to quickly install this device by using quick setup and show you the each detailed setting on web UI page of client mode.

3-1 Client Bridge Quick Installation Guide

Switch mode selector to ‘Client’.

Insert this device into power outlet on the wall. You should see ‘Power’ LED light up in few seconds. If not, please check if the power outlet you’re using is working.

Connect your wired networking device (wired PC, or internet TV, or game console, etc.) and this device by Ethernet cable.

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NOTE: You must set your networking device as DHCP client (obtain IP

automatically from DHCP server)

You can build wireless connection via ‘Hardware WPS button’ or ‘Software web browser’.

If your wireless router or access point supports ‘WPS’, we recommend you use the WPS button to establish connection. It is the fast and secure way without computer.

Using WPS button - please go to section 3-1-1

Using Web browser - please go to section 3-1-2

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3-1-1 Hardware WPS button setup

(1) Press and hold WPS button on the HW7ACW for 2 seconds. The

WPS’ LED will start flashing.

WPS button

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WPS LED

(2) Press the WPS button on the wireless broadband router or access point you wish to connect within 2 minutes.

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NOTE: Different devices will have different WPS button positions.

TIP: If the access point you wish to connect does not have hardware WPS button, you can also use its web configuration menu’s WPS function to establish connection. You can also log into the HW7ACW’s web UI to do a quick setup.

(refer. to section 3-1-2)

(3) If WPS connection is successfully established, the ‘WPS’ LED will light for 5 minutes; if the ‘WPS’ LED flashes fast, there’s something wrong.

Please wait for 2 minutes until ‘WPS’ LED is off and try from step 1 again.

WPS LED

When WPS installation is successful, ‘WLAN” LED will turn on.

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Signal LED

You can check the ‘Signal’ LED status to understand signal reception level.

Steady light: Excellent, signal > 67%

Slow Flash: Good, signal < 66%

Quick Flash: Fair, signal < 33%

No Flash: no signal.

NOTE: If the Signal LED is off, it means the location is out of range of your wireless broadband router or access point. Please move this

HW7ACW closer to the wireless signal until the HW7ACW can receive signal from broadband router and bridge the signal.

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3-1-2 Client Bridge Web based Setup

Before you connect to the H7ACW and start configuration procedures, your computer must be able to get an IP address automatically (use dynamic IP address). If it’s set to use static IP address, or you’re unsure, please refer to

Chapter 5-1 Configuring TCP/IP on PC’ to set your computer to use dynamic IP address.

(1) Use an Ethernet cable to connect your computer’s Ethernet port and

HW7ACW’s Ethernet port.

(2) Open a web browser and it should automatically redirect to the setup page. However, if it does not, you can type ‘http://repeater.setup’ in address bar. Note: You can also type ‘ http://192.168.1.242

’ in the address bar. A window will prompt you to input username and password. Default username is ‘admin’ and password is ‘1234’. Click

‘OK’ button to continue.

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(3) Once you are logged in, the HW7ACW setup page will appear.

(4) Click on “Select Site Survey” to choose the wireless network you wish to bridge to.

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Select your network and click ‘Done’. The SSID field should be filled in with the network name you selected.

(5) Advanced IP address settings: This section allows you to set an IP

Address and subnet mask to fit your network if needed. Uncheck the box to input. Otherwise, the default IP Address in Bridge Mode is

192.168.1.242.

Note1: It is recommended you give it an IP address in the same range of your network. Otherwise, once it is configured it will not be in the same range and you will not be able to access the setup page to view the general settings.

Note2: After configuration, you can access the settings page at any time using ‘http://repeater.setup’ from any computer that is wirelessly or directly connected to the HW7ACW. From other devices on the network, they must use the IP address of the HW7ACW.

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(6) After you have selected your wireless network and clicked apply, if your wireless network you hope to bridge has wireless security, the next page will prompt you to enter in your security key. Please make sure you type in the exact key as the wireless network. If you are unsure what your key is, please contact the wireless router/access point’s manufacturer or your network adminsitrator. Click ‘Next’ when you’re done.

(7) The system will now verify that your password is correct.

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(8) The last page wil be a summary of your settings. If everything is correct, click ‘Finish’ and the HW7ACW will then proceed to reboot and restart.

(9) After reboot complete, you can close the web browser to finish this quick setup. Connect the HW7ACW via Ethernet cable to the device you wish to bridge.

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3-2 General Setup

In this chapter, you’ll know how to change the major settings of the

HW7ACW. Log onto the device and click on ‘General Setup’.

3-2-1 System

Change password

Default password of the HW7ACW is ‘1234’, and it’s displayed on the login prompt when accessed from the web browser. There’s a security risk if you don’t change the default password, since everyone can see it at the prompt.

This is very important when you have wireless function enabled.

To change password, please follow the instructions:

Please click ‘General Setup’ at top of web management interface, select

‘System’ tab on the left hand column, and then click ‘Password Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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1

2

3

Current Please input current password here.

Password (1):

New Password (2): Please input new password here.

Confirm Please input new password here again.

Password (3):

If the password you typed in ‘New Password’ (2) and ‘Confirm Password’

(3) field are not the same, you’ll see the following message:

Please retype the new password again when you see above message.

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If you see the following message:

It means the content in ‘Current Password’ field is wrong, please click ‘OK’ to go back to previous menu, and try to input current password again.

If the current and new passwords are correctly entered, after you click

‘Apply’, you’ll be prompted to input your new password:

Please use new password to enter web management interface again, and you should be able to login with new password.

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3-2-2 Local Network

Before all computers using wired Ethernet connection can communicate with each other and access Internet, they must have a valid IP address.

There are two ways to assign IP addresses to computers: static IP address

(set the IP address for every computer manually), and dynamic IP address

(IP address of computers will be assigned by access point automatically. It’s recommended for most computers to use dynamic IP address, it will save a lot of time on setting IP addresses for every computer, especially when there are a lot of computers in your network; for servers and network devices which will provide services to other computers and users that come from the

Internet, a static IP address should be used.

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Suggestions on IP Address numbering plan:

If you have no idea on how to define an IP address plan for your network, here are some suggestions.

5. A valid IP address has 4 fields: a.b.c.d, for most of home and company users, it’s suggested to use 192.168.c.d, where c is an integer between 0 and 254, and d is an integer between 1 and 254. This router is capable to work with up to 253 clients, so you can set ‘d’ field of IP address of router as 1 or 254 (or any number between 1 and 254), and pick a number between

0 and 254 for field ‘c’.

6.

In most cases, you should use ‘255.255.255.0’ as subnet mask, wh ich allows up to 253 clients (this also meets router’s capability of working with up to 253 clients).

7. For all servers and network devices which will provide services to other people (like Internet service, print service, and file service), they should use static IP address. Give each of them a unique number between 1 and 253, and maintain a list, so everyone can locate those servers easily.

8. For computers which are not dedicated to provide specific service to others, they should use dynamic IP address.

Please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Local Network’ on the left hand column.

There are two setup groups here: ‘LAN IP’ and ‘DHCP Server’

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Obtain an IP address (1): The device will automatically obtain an IP automatically address from your router/network automatically

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Use the Following IP (2):Please input the IP address you wish to use

Address

Subnet Mask (3): Please input your subnet mask address for the network.

Default Gateway (4): Please input your default gateway for the network

Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:

IP Address: 192.168.1.241

Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0

Gateway Address: (leave it blank)

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5

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These settings are only available when ‘DHCP Server’ is ‘Enabled’.

Default Gateway (1): Please input your default gateway address

Domain Name (2): If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain name for your network. This is optional.

DHCP Client Start IP (3): Please input the start IP address of the IP range.

DHCP Client End IP (4): Please input the end IP address of the IP range.

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Domain Name (5): If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain name for your network. This is optional.

Lease Time (6): Please choose a lease time (the duration that every computer can keep a specific IP address) of every IP address assigned by this access point from dropdown menu.

Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:

Lease Time: Two

Weeks (or ‘Forever’, if you have less than 20 computers)

Default Gateway: (leave it blank)

Domain Server IP: (leave it blank)

Start IP: 192.168.1.100

End IP: 192.168.1.200

Domain Name: (leave it blank)

NOTE:

1. The number of the last field ( mentioned ‘d’ field) of ‘End IP’ must be greater than ‘Start IP’, and cannot be the same as router’s IP address.

2. The former three fields of IP address of ‘Start IP’, ‘End IP’, and ‘IP

Address of ‘LAN IP’ section (mentioned ‘a’, ‘b’, and ‘c’ field) should be the same.

3. These settings will affect wireless clients too.

3-2-3 Wireless Configuration

Please click ‘General Setup’ tab at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘2.4GHz Wireless Configuration’ or ‘5GHz Wireless

Configuration’ tab on the left hand column. The following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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SSID (3): This is the name of wireless network that the HW7ACW will connect to. You can choose either the 2.4GHz signal OR the 5GHz signal when setting in client mode.

Channel (4): This is the wireless channel of the network the

HW7ACW is connecting to. It must match the same settings as the original WiFi access point/router.

3-2-3-1 Security Settings

It is important to set your wireless security settings properly! In repeater mode, the security settings must match the wireless network you are planning to connect to, otherwise, a connection cannot be established.

Please select an encryption method from the ‘Encryption’ dropdown menu, there are four options:

Disable

WEP

WPA pre-shared key

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Disable wireless security

When you select this mode, data encryption is disabled.

Use this option only when there is no security set up on the original

Wireless Signal.

WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy

When you select this mode, the wireless access point will use WEP encryption, and the following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:

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Key Length (2): There are two types of WEP key length: 64-bit and

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128-bit. Using ‘128-bit’ is safer than ’64-bit’, but will reduce some data transfer performance.

Key Format (3): There are two types of key format: ASCII and Hex.

When you select a key format, the number of characters of key will be displayed. For example, if you select ’64-bit’ as key length, and ‘Hex’ as key format, you’ll see the message at the right of ‘Key Format’ is ‘Hex

(10 characters), which means the length of WEP key is 10

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characters.

Default Tx Key (4): This device only supports one WEP Key ‘Key 1’.

Encryption Key (5) Input WEP key characters here, the number of characters must be the same as the number displayed at ‘Key Format’ field. You can use any alphanumerical characters (0-9, a-z, and A-Z) if you select ‘ASCII’ key format, and if you select ‘Hex’ as key format, you can use characters 0-9, a-f, and A-F. You must enter at least one encryption key here, and if you entered multiple WEP keys, they should not be same with each other.

TIPS: Examples of WEP key

ASCII (5 characters): pilot phone 23561 2Hyux #@xmL

ASCII (13 characters): digitalFAMILY 82Jh26xHy3m&n

Hex (10 characters): 287d2aa732 1152dabc85

Hex (26 characters): 9284bcda8427c9e036f7abcd84

To improve security level, do not use words that can be found in a dictionary or are easy to remember! Wireless clients will automatically remember the WEP key, so you only have to input the WEP key on wireless client once, and it is suggested that to use a complex WEP key to improve security level. Once you have chosen a password, write it down and keep it in a secure place.

After you finish WEP setting, please click ‘Apply’ (6) button and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA):

When you select this mode, the wireless access point will use WPA encryption, and the following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:

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WPA Unicast Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.

Cipher Suite (2): Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES), and

You can select one of them, but you have to make sure your wireless client support the cipher you selected.

Pre-shared Select the type of pre-shared key, you

Key Format (3): can select Passphrase (8 or more alphanumerical characters, up to 63), or Hex (64 characters of 0-9, and a-f).

Pre-shared Please input the WPA passphrase here.

Key (4):

It’s not recommended to use a word that can be found in a dictionary due to security reason.

After you finish WPA Pre-shared key setting, please click ‘Apply’ button (5) and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

NOTE: Some wireless clients (especially those manufactured before year 2003) only support WEP or WPA (TKIP) cipher. A driver upgrade would be needed for those clients to use WPA and WPA2 encryption.

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3-2-4 Wireless Access Control

This function will help you prevent unauthorized users from connecting to your wireless access point; only those wireless devices who have a MAC address you assigned can gain access to your wireless access point. Use this function with other security measures described in previous section, to create a safer wireless environment.

You can add up to 20 MAC addresses by using this function. Please click

‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Wireless

Configuration’ on the left hand column. Select ‘Access Control’.

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1

3

8

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4

5

All allowed MAC addresses will be displayed in ‘MAC Address Filtering

Table.

Enable Wireless To enforce MAC address filtering, you have to check

Access Control (1): ‘Enable Wireless Access Control’. When this item is unchecked, wireless access point will not enforce MAC address filtering of wireless clients.

MAC Address (2): Input the MAC address of your wireless devices here, dash ( - ) or colon ( : ) are not required. (i.e. If the

MAC address label of your wireless device indicates

‘aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff’ or ‘aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff’, just input

‘aabbccddeeff’.

Comment (3): You can input any text here as the comment of this

MAC address, like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’ or anything. You can input up to 16 alphanumerical characters here. This is optional and you can leave it blank, however, it’s recommended to use this field to write a comment for every MAC addresses as a memory aid.

Add (4):

Click ‘Apply’ button to add the MAC address and associated comment to the MAC address filtering table.

Clear (5):

Click ‘Clear’ to remove the value you inputted in

MAC address and comment field.

Delete Selected (6): If you want to delete a specific MAC address entry, check the ‘select’ box of the MAC address you want to delete, then click ‘Delete Selected’ button. (You can select more than one MAC addresses).

Delete All (7): If you want to delete all MAC addresses listed

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here, please click ‘Delete All’ button.

After you finish with all settings, please click ‘Apply’ (8) button and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

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3-2-5 Advanced Wireless Settings

This bridge provides some advanced control of wireless parameters, if you want to configure these settings, please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Advanced Settings’ on the left hand column.

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1

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Fragment Threshold(1): Set the Fragment threshold of wireless radio.

Do not modify the default value if you do not understand the function, default value is ‘2346’.

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RTS Threshold(2): Set the RTS threshold of wireless radio. Do not modify

the default value if you do not understand the function, default value is ‘2347’.

Beacon Interval(3): Set the beacon interval of wireless radio. Do not

modify the default value if you do not understand the function, default value is ‘100’.

DTIM Period(4): Set the DTIM period of wireless radio. Do not modify

the default value if you do not understand the function, default value is ‘3’.

Data Rate(5): Set the wireless data transfer rate to a certain value.

Since most of wireless devices will negotiate with each other and pick a proper data transfer rate automatically. It is not necessary to change this value

unless you know what will happen after modification.

N Data Rate(6): Same as above, but only for 802.11n clients.

Channel Width(7): Set channel width of wireless radio. Do not modify the

default value if you do not understand the function,

default setting is ‘Auto 80 MHz’.

Preamble Type(8): Set the type of preamble, do not modify the default

value if you do not know what it is, default setting is

‘Short Preamble’.

Broadcast ESSID(9): Decide if the wireless access point will broadcast its own ESSID or not. You can hide the ESSID of your wireless access point (set the option to ‘Disable’), so only those people who know the ESSID of your wireless access point can connect to the unit.

CTS Protect(10): Enabling this setting will reduce the chance of radio

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signal collisions between 802.11b and 802.11g/n wireless access points. It is recommended to set this option to ‘Auto’ or ‘Always’. However, if you set to

‘None’, your wireless access point should be able to function properly.

Transmit Power(11): You can set the output power of wireless radio. Unless you are using this wireless access point in a large open space, you may not have to set output power to 100%.

This will enhance security (malicious / unauthorized users in distance will not be able to reach your wireless access point).

WMM(12): Wi-Fi MultiMedia (WMM) will enhance the data transfer performance of multimedia contents when they are being transferred over a wireless network. If you

do not understand the function, then it is safe to set this option to ‘Enable’, however, default value is

‘Disable’.

After you finish these wireless settings, please click ‘Apply’ button, button, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu; to continue on access point setup, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

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3-2-6 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)

Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the simplest way to build connection between wireless network clients and this wireless access point. You don’t have to select an encryption mode and input a long encryption passphrase every time when you need to set up a wireless client, you only have to press a button on the wireless client and this wireless access point, and the WPS will automatically configure for you.

This wireless access point supports two types of WPS: Push-Button

Configuration (PBC), and PIN code. If you want to use PBC, you have to push a specific button on the wireless client to start WPS mode, and switch this wireless access point to WPS mode too. You can push Reset/WPS button of this wireless access point, or click ‘Start PBC’ button in the web configuration interface to do this; if you want to use PIN code, you have to know the PIN code of wireless client and switch it to WPS mode, then provide the PIN code of the wireless client you wish to connect to this wireless access point. The detailed instructions are listed follow:

Please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Wireless Configuration’ on the left hand column. Select ‘WPS’.

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1

2

3

4

5

Enable WPS (1) Check this box to enable WPS function, uncheck it to disable WPS.

WPS Information (2) WPS Status: If the wireless security (encryption) function of this wireless access point is properly set, you’ll see ‘Configured’ message here. If wireless security function has not been set, you’ll see ‘Not configured’.

Self PIN code: This is the WPS PIN code of this wireless access point. This code is useful when you need to build wireless connection by WPS with other

WPS-enabled wireless devices.

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SSID: The SSID of this wireless access point will be displayed here.

Authentication Mode: The wireless security authentication mode of this wireless access point will be displayed here. If you do not enable security function of the wireless access point before WPS is activated, the access point will auto set the security to

WPA (AES) and generate a set passphrase key for WPS connection.

Passphrase Key: The wireless security key of the access point will be displayed here.

Config Mode (3)

There are ‘Registrar’ and ‘Enrollee’ modes for the

WPS connection. When ‘Registrar’ is enabled, the wireless clients will follow the access point’s wireless settings for WPS connection. When ‘Enrolle’ mode is enabled, the access point will follow the wireless settings of wireless client for WPS connection.

Configure

Click ‘Start PBC’ to start Push-Button style WPS by Push Button (4) setup procedure. This wireless access point will wait for WPS requests from wireless clients for 2 minutes.

The ‘WLAN’ LED light on the wireless access point will be steady for 2 minutes when this wireless access point is waiting for incoming WPS request.

Input client Please input the PIN code of the wireless client you

PinCode (5) wish to connect, and click ‘Start PIN’ button.

The ‘WLAN’ LED light on the wireless access point will be steady when this wireless access point is waiting for incoming WPS request.

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3-3 Status

The status and information of the HW7ACW will be displayed here.

Click on the status tab on the top of web page.

You should see the screen looks like this (the contents will vary depending on your current firmware):

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3-4 Configuration Tools

You can back up all configurations of this access point to a file, so you can make several cops of the HW7ACW’s configuration for security reason.

To backup or restore the HW7ACW’s configuration, please follow the instructions:

Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Configuration Tools’ on the left hand column.

1

2

3

Backup

Press ‘Save...’ button, and you’ll be prompted to

Settings (1): download the configuration as a file, default filename is ‘default.bin’, you can please save it as another filename for different versions, and keep it in a safe place.

Restore

Press ‘Browse…’ to pick a previously-saved

Settings (2): configuration file from your computer, and then click

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‘Upload’ to transfer the configuration file to access point. After the configuration is uploaded, the access point’s configuration will be replaced by the file you just uploaded.

Restore to Click this button to remove all settings you made, and

Factory Default (3): restore the configuration of this access point back to factory default settings.

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3-5 Firmware Upgrade

The system software used by this access point is known as ‘firmware’, just like any applications on your computer, when you replace the old application with a new one; your computer will be equipped with new function. You can also use this firmware upgrade function to add new functions to your access point, even fix the bugs of this access point.

To upgrade firmware, please follow the instructions:

Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Firmware Upgrade’ on the left hand column.

Click ‘Next’ button if you wish to upgrade your firmware.

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Click ‘Browse’ button, and you’ll be prompted to provide the filename of the firmware upgrade file. Please download the latest firmware file from the

Hawking Technologies website at www.hawkingtech.com, and use it to upgrade your access point.

After a firmware upgrade file is selected, click ‘Apply’ button, and the access point will start firmware upgrade procedure automatically. The procedure may take several minutes, please be patient.

NOTE: Never interrupt the upgrade procedure by closing the web browser or physically disconnect your computer from router. If the firmware you uploaded is corrupt, the firmware upgrade will fail, and you may have to return this router to the dealer of purchase to ask for help. Warranty is void if you interrupt the upgrade procedure.

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3-6 System Reset

If you think you network performance is bad, or you find the behavior of the access point is strange, you can perform a access point reset. Sometimes it will solve the problem.

Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Reset on the left hand column.

Please click ‘Apply’ to reset your access point, and it will be available again after a few minutes, please be patient.

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CHAPTER IV: Access Point Mode

You can build a wireless networking environment for home or small office, please switch this device to wireless access point mode and connect it to your wired router. Then your wireless client users can access internet by wirelessly connecting to this AP without wired cable burden.

This chapter will show you how to quickly install this device by using quick setup and show you the each detailed setting on web UI page of AP mode.

4-1 AP mode Quick Installation Guide

Switch mode selector to ‘Access Point’.

Insert this device into power outlet on the wall. You should see ‘Power’ LED light up in few seconds. If not, please check if the power outlet you’re using is working.

You can build wireless connection via ‘Hardware WPS button’ or ‘Software

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web browser’.

If your wireless router or access point supports ‘WPS’, we recommend you use the WPS button to establish connection. It is the fast and secure way without computer.

Using WPS button - please go to section 4-1-1

Using Web browser - please go to section 4-1-2

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4-1-1 Hardware WPS button setup

(1) Press WPS button twice on the HW7ACW, ‘WPS’ LED will start flashing.

WPS button

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WPS LED

(2) Press WPS button on the wireless client you wish to connect within 2 minutes.

WPS button

NOTE: this WPS button position on wireless client is for example. Different device may have different WPS button position.

TIP: If your wireless client card does not have hardware WPS button, you can also use its web configuration menu’s WPS function to establish connection.

Otherwise you can login this Extrender’s web UI to do the quick setup (quick setup refers to ‘4-1-2 quick setup’)

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(3) If WPS connection is successfully established, the ‘WPS’ LED will light for 5 minutes; if ‘WPS’ LED flashes fast, there’s something wrong. Please wait 2 minutes until ‘WPS’ LED goes off, and try from step (1) again.

WPS LED

When quick installation is successfully done, the ‘Wireless LED will turn on.

(4) Connect the HW7ACW to the ADSL modem, wired router, or switch/hub in your network through the LAN port by Ethernet cable.

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4-1-2 Access Point Web Based Setup

Before you can connect to the HW7ACW and start configuration procedures, your computer must be able to get an IP address automatically

(use dynamic IP address). If it’s set to use a static IP address, please refer to

Chapter V: Appendix, 5-1 Configuring TCP/IP on PC’ to set your computer to use dynamic IP address.

(1) Use Ethernet cable to connect your computer’s Ethernet port and wireless HW7ACW’s Ethernet port.

You can also use your computer’s wireless configuration utility to search for a wireless network called ‘Hawking_HW7ACW and get connected. (The default 2.4GHz wireless name of this HW7ACW device is: ‘Hawking_HW7ACW_2.4GHz’ and the default 5GHz wireless name is ‘Hawking_HW7ACW_5GHz’)

(2) Open a web browser and it should automatically redirect to the setup page. Open a web browser and it should automatically redirect to the setup page. However, if it does not, you can type in

http://repeater.setup’ in address bar. Note: You can also type in

‘ http://192.168.1.242

’ in the address bar. A window will prompt you to input username and password. Default username is ‘admin

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and password is ‘1234’. Click ‘OK’ button to continue.

(3) Once you are logged in, the HW7ACW setup page will appear.

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(4) Under the Quick Setup, Basic Settings, please input a wireless name you wish to use for the HW7ACW.

Default 2.4GHz Wireless Name is “Hawking_HW7ACW_2.4GHz”

Default 5GHz Wireless Name is “Hawking_HW7ACW_5GHz”

You can keep the channels by default unless you wish to change it.

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Advanced IP address settings: This section allows you to set an IP

Address and subnet mask to fit your network if needed. Uncheck the box to input. Otherwise, the default IP Address in AP Mode is

192.168.1.242.

Note1: It is recommended you give it an IP address in the same range of your network. Otherwise, once it is configured it will not be in the same range and you will not be able to access the setup page to view the general settings.

Note2: After configuration, you can access the settings page at any time using ‘http://repeater.setup’ from any computer that is wirelessly or directly connected to the HW7ACW. From other devices on the network, they must use the IP address of the HW7ACW.

(5) Select the security type that you wish to use.

The HW7ACW supports these functions: Disable (no security), WEP or WPA pre-shared key.

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You can also choose whether you want the SSID to be hidden or not.

Note: WEP encryption: Select key length (64 or 128bit), key format (Hex or

ASCII characters), Default Tx Key (usually use ‘Key 1’), and input key characters

(refer to ‘Key Format’ you selected for number of characters)

WPA pre-shared key: Select one WPA Unicast Cipher Suite (usually use default setting ‘WPA(TKIP)’), Pre-shared Key Format: Passphrase (alphanumeric characters) or Hex (64 Hex Characters), and input key characters in ‘KEY’ field.

(6) A summary page should appear. Check to make sure everything is in order and then click ‘Apply’ and the HW7ACW will then proceed to reboot and restart.

(7) After reboot complete, you can close the web browser to finish this quick setup. Connect the HW7ACW via Ethernet cable to your router or network for the device to work correctly in Access Point mode.

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4-3 General Setup

In this chapter, you’ll know how to change the major settings of the

HW7ACW. Log onto the device and click on ‘General Setup’.

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4-3-1 System

Change password

Default password of the HW7ACW is ‘1234’, and it’s displayed on the login prompt when accessed from the web browser. There’s a security risk if you don’t change the default password, since everyone can see it at the prompt.

This is very important when you have wireless function enabled.

To change password, please follow the instructions:

Please click ‘General Setup’ at top of web management interface, select

‘System’ tab on the left hand column, and then click ‘Password Settings’, and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

Current Please input current password here.

Password (1):

New Password (2): Please input new password here.

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1

2

3

Confirm Please input new password here again.

Password (3):

If the password you typed in ‘New Password’ (2) and ‘Confirm Password’

(3) field are not the same, you’ll see the following message:

Please retype the new password again when you see above message.

If you see the following message:

It means the content in ‘Current Password’ field is wrong, please click ‘OK’ to go back to previous menu, and try to input current password again.

If the current and new passwords are correctly entered, after you click

‘Apply’, you’ll be prompted to input your new password:

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Please use new password to enter web management interface again, and you should be able to login with new password.

4-3-2 Local Network

Before all computers using wired Ethernet connection can communicate with each other and access Internet, they must have a valid IP address.

There are two ways to assign IP addresses to computers: static IP address

(set the IP address for every computer manually), and dynamic IP address

(IP address of computers will be assigned by access point automatically. It’s recommended for most computers to use dynamic IP address, it will save a lot of time on setting IP addresses for every computer, especially when there are a lot of computers in your network; for servers and network devices which will provide services to other computers and users that come from the

Internet, a static IP address should be used.

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Suggestions on IP Address numbering plan:

If you have no idea on how to define an IP address plan for your network, here are some suggestions.

9. A valid IP address has 4 fields: a.b.c.d, for most of home and company users, it’s suggested to use 192.168.c.d, where c is an integer between 0 and 254, and d is an integer between 1 and 254. This router is capable to work with up to 253 clients, so you can set ‘d’ field of IP address of router as 1 or 254 (or any number between 1 and 254), and pick a number between

0 and 254 for field ‘c’.

10. In most case s, you should use ‘255.255.255.0’ as subnet mask, which allows up to 253 clients (this also meets router’s capability of working with up to 253 clients).

11. For all servers and network devices which will provide services to other people (like Internet service, print service, and file service), they should use static IP address. Give each of them a unique number between 1 and 253, and maintain a list, so everyone can locate those servers easily.

12. For computers which are not dedicated to provide specific service to others, they should use dynamic IP address.

Please click ‘General Setup’ at the top of web management interface and click ‘Local Network’ on the left hand column.

There are two setup groups here: ‘LAN IP’ and ‘DHCP Server’

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2

3

4

Obtain an IP address (1): The device will automatically obtain an IP automatically address from your router/network automatically

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Use the Following IP (2):Please input the IP address you wish to use

Address

Subnet Mask (3): Please input your subnet mask address for the network.

Default Gateway (4): Please input your default gateway for the network

Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:

IP Address: 192.168.1.242 (in AP and Bridge modes)

Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0

Gateway Address: (leave it blank)

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2

3

4

5

6

These settings are only available when ‘DHCP Server’ is ‘Enabled’.

Default Gateway (1): Please input your default gateway address

Domain Name (2): If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain name for your network. This is optional.

DHCP Client Start IP (3): Please input the start IP address of the IP range.

DHCP Client End IP (4): Please input the end IP address of the IP range.

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Domain Name (5): If you wish, you can also optionally input the domain name for your network. This is optional.

Lease Time (6): Please choose a lease time (the duration that every computer can keep a specific IP address) of every IP address assigned by this access point from dropdown menu.

Recommended Value if you don’t know what to fill:

Lease Time: Two Weeks (or ‘Forever’, if you have less than 20 computers)

Default Gateway: (leave it blank)

Domain Server IP: (leave it blank)

Start IP: 192.168.1.100

End IP: 192.168.1.200

Domain Name: (leave it blank)

NOTE:

1. The number of the last field (mentioned ‘d’ field) of ‘End IP’ must be greater than ‘Start IP’, and cannot be the same as router’s IP address.

2. The former three fields of IP address of ‘Start IP’, ‘End IP’, and ‘IP

Address of ‘LAN IP’ section (mentioned ‘a’, ‘b’, and ‘c’ field) should be the same.

3. These settings will affect wireless clients too.

4-2-3 Wireless Configuration

Please click ‘General Setup’ tab at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘2.4GHz Wireless Configuration’ or ‘5GHz Wireless

Configuration’ tab on the left hand column. The following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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SSID (3): This is the name of wireless network that the HW7ACW will connect to. You can choose either the 2.4GHz signal OR the 5GHz signal when setting in client mode.

Channel (4): This is the wireless channel of the network the

HW7ACW is connecting to. It must match the same settings as the original WiFi access point/router.

4-2-3-1 Security Settings

It is important to set your wireless security settings properly! In repeater mode, the security settings must match the wireless network you are planning to connect to, otherwise, a connection cannot be established.

Please select an encryption method from the ‘Encryption’ dropdown menu, there are four options:

Disable

WEP

WPA pre-shared key

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Disable wireless security

When you select this mode, data encryption is disabled.

Use this option only when there is no security set up on the original

Wireless Signal.

WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy

When you select this mode, the wireless access point will use WEP encryption, and the following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:

2

3

4

5

Key Length (2): There are two types of WEP key length: 64-bit and

6

128-bit. Using ‘128-bit’ is safer than ’64-bit’, but will reduce some data transfer performance.

Key Format (3): There are two types of key format: ASCII and Hex.

When you select a key format, the number of characters of key will be displayed. For example, if you select ’64-bit’ as key length, and ‘Hex’ as key format, you’ll see the message at the right of ‘Key Format’ is ‘Hex

(10 characters), which means the length of WEP key is 10

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characters.

Default Tx Key (4): This device only supports one WEP Key ‘Key 1’.

Encryption Key (5) Input WEP key characters here, the number of characters must be the same as the number displayed at ‘Key Format’ field. You can use any alphanumerical characters (0-9, a-z, and A-Z) if you select ‘ASCII’ key format, and if you select ‘Hex’ as key format, you can use characters 0-9, a-f, and A-F. You must enter at least one encryption key here, and if you entered multiple WEP keys, they should not be same with each other.

TIPS: Examples of WEP key

ASCII (5 characters): pilot phone 23561 2Hyux #@xmL

ASCII (13 characters): digitalFAMILY 82Jh26xHy3m&n

Hex (10 characters): 287d2aa732 1152dabc85

Hex (26 characters): 9284bcda8427c9e036f7abcd84

To improve security level, do not use words that can be found in a dictionary or are easy to remember! Wireless clients will automatically remember the WEP key, so you only have to input the WEP key on wireless client once, and it is suggested that to use a complex WEP key to improve security level. Once you have chosen a password, write it down and keep it in a secure place.

After you finish WEP setting, please click ‘Apply’ (6) button and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA):

When you select this mode, the wireless access point will use WPA encryption, and the following setup menu will be shown on your web browser:

2

3

4

5

WPA Unicast Please select a type of WPA cipher suite.

Cipher Suite (2): Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES), and

You can select one of them, but you have to make sure your wireless client support the cipher you selected.

Pre-shared Select the type of pre-shared key, you

Key Format (3): can select Passphrase (8 or more alphanumerical characters, up to 63), or Hex (64 characters of 0-9, and a-f).

Pre-shared Please input the WPA passphrase here.

Key (4):

It’s not recommended to use a word that can be found in a dictionary due to security reason.

After you finish WPA Pre-shared key setting, please click ‘Apply’ button (5) and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:

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Please click ‘Go Back’ to go back to previous setup menu, or click ‘Apply’ to reboot the access point so the settings will take effect. Please wait 30-60 seconds for the access point to reboot.

NOTE: Some wireless clients (especially those manufactured before year 2003) only support WEP or WPA (TKIP) cipher. A driver upgrade would be needed for those clients to use WPA and WPA2 encryption.

4-2-3-2 Security Tips for Wireless Network

Here are some quick tips to help you improve the security level of your wireless network:

1. Never use simple words for your password, such as “password” or

“1234567890”.

2. A complicated (combination of numbers, alphabets, and even symbols)

WEP key and WPA passphrase is more secure than simple and short words. Remember that the wireless client is capable of keeping the key or passphrase for you, so you only have to input the complicated key or passphrase once. Once you have chosen a password, write it down and keep it in a secure place.

3. You can hide the ESSID of this access point by setting the ‘Broadcast

ESSID’ option to ‘Disable’. Your wireless access point will not be found by other people in proximity if they are using the Access Point scanning function of their wireless client, and this can reduce unauthorized access.

4. Use ‘Access Control’ function, described in section 4-3-3-4, to allow authorized users access to the wireless access point using their specific

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MAC address.

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4-3 Status

The status and information of the HW7ACW will be displayed here.

Click on the status tab on the top of web page.

You should see the screen looks like this (the contents will vary depending on your current firmware):

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4-4 Configuration Tools

You can back up all configurations of this access point to a file, so you can make several cops of the HW7ACW’s configuration for security reason.

To backup or restore the HW7ACW’s configuration, please follow the instructions:

Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Configuration Tools’ on the left hand column.

1

2

3

Backup

Press ‘Save...’ button, and you’ll be prompted to

Settings (1): download the configuration as a file, default filename is ‘default.bin’, you can please save it as another filename for different versions, and keep it in a safe place.

Restore

Press ‘Browse…’ to pick a previously-saved

Settings (2): configuration file from your computer, and then click

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‘Upload’ to transfer the configuration file to access point. After the configuration is uploaded, the access point’s configuration will be replaced by the file you just uploaded.

Restore to Click this button to remove all settings you made, and

Factory Default (3): restore the configuration of this access point back to factory default settings.

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4-5 Firmware Upgrade

The system software used by this access point is known as ‘firmware’, just like any applications on your computer, when you replace the old application with a new one; your computer will be equipped with new function. You can also use this firmware upgrade function to add new functions to your access point, even fix the bugs of this access point.

To upgrade firmware, please follow the instructions:

Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Firmware Upgrade’ on the left hand column.

Click ‘Next’ button if you wish to upgrade your firmware.

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Click ‘Browse’ button, and you’ll be prompted to provide the filename of the firmware upgrade file. Please download the latest firmware file from the

Hawking Technologies website at www.hawkingtech.com, and use it to upgrade your access point.

After a firmware upgrade file is selected, click ‘Apply’ button, and the access point will start firmware upgrade procedure automatically. The procedure may take several minutes, please be patient.

NOTE: Never interrupt the upgrade procedure by closing the web browser or physically disconnect your computer from router. If the firmware you uploaded is corrupt, the firmware upgrade will fail, and you may have to return this router to the dealer of purchase to ask for help. Warranty is void if you interrupt the upgrade procedure.

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4-6 System Reset

If you think you network performance is bad, or you find the behavior of the access point is strange, you can perform a access point reset. Sometimes it will solve the problem.

Please click ‘Tools’ menu at the top of web management interface, and then click ‘Reset on the left hand column.

Please click ‘Apply’ to reset your access point, and it will be available again after a few minutes, please be patient.

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Chapter V: Appendix

5-1 Configuring TCP/IP on PC

5-1-1 Windows XP IP address setup

1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network and Internet

Connections icon, click Network Connections, and then double-click Local

Area Connection, Local Area Connection Status window will appear, and then click ‘Properties’

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2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ and ‘Obtain DNS server address automatically’, then click ‘OK’.

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5-1-2 Windows Vista/7/8 IP address setup

1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your computer), then click control panel. Click View Network Status and Tasks, and then click Manage Network Connections. Right-click Local Area

Network, then select ‘Properties’. Local Area Connection Properties window will appear, select ‘Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP / IPv4), and then click ‘Properties’

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2. Select ‘Obtain an IP address automatically’ and ‘Obtain DNS server address automatically’, then click ‘OK’.

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5-1-3 Mac OS X IP Address Setup

1) Go to your system preferences, go to network. Make sure next to

“Configure”, you have it set under “Using DHCP”

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5-2 Specification

SoC + RF: MTK MT7620A + 7610E

Flash: 4MB

DDR2 RAM: 32MB

LAN Port: 10/100M UTP Port x 1

Power: 5VDC, 1.2A Switching Power Module Inside

Temperature: 32~104°F (0 ~ 40°C)

Humidity: 10-90% (NonCondensing)

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5-3 Glossary

1. What is the IEEE 802.11g standard?

802.11g is the new IEEE standard for high-speed wireless LAN communications that provides for up to 54 Mbps data rate in the 2.4

GHz band. 802.11g is quickly becoming the next mainstream wireless

LAN technology for the home, office and public networks.

802.11g defines the use of the same OFDM modulation technique specified in IEEE 802.11a for the 5 GHz frequency band and applies it in the same 2.4 GHz frequency band as IEEE 802.11b. The 802.11g standard requires backward compatibility with 802.11b.

The standard specifically calls for:

A. A new physical layer for the 802.11 Medium Access Control (MAC) in the 2.4 GHz frequency band, known as the extended rate PHY

(ERP). The ERP adds OFDM as a mandatory new coding scheme for

6, 12 and 24 Mbps (mandatory speeds), and 18, 36, 48 and 54 Mbps

(optional speeds). The ERP includes the modulation schemes found in 802.11b including CCK for 11 and 5.5 Mbps and Barker code modulation for 2 and 1 Mbps.

B. A protection mechanism called RTS/CTS that governs how 802.11g devices and 802.11b devices interoperate.

2. What is the IEEE 802.11b standard?

The IEEE 802.11b Wireless LAN standard subcommittee, which formulates the standard for the industry. The objective is to enable wireless LAN hardware from different manufactures to communicate.

3. What does IEEE 802.11 feature support?

The product supports the following IEEE 802.11 functions:

CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge Protocol

Multi-Channel Roaming

Automatic Rate Selection

RTS/CTS Feature

Fragmentation

Power Management

4. What is Ad-hoc?

An Ad-hoc integrated wireless LAN is a group of computers, each has a

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Wireless LAN card, Connected as an independent wireless LAN. Ad hoc wireless LAN is applicable at a departmental scale for a branch or

SOHO operation.

5. What is Infrastructure?

An integrated wireless and wireless and wired LAN is called an

Infrastructure configuration. Infrastructure is applicable to enterprise scale for wireless access to central database, or wireless application for mobile workers.

6. What is BSS ID?

A specific Ad hoc LAN is called a Basic Service Set (BSS). Computers in a BSS must be configured with the same BSS ID.

7. What is WEP?

WEP is Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism based on a 40 bit shared key algorithm, as described in the IEEE 802 .11 standard.

8. What is TKIP?

TKIP is a quick-fix method to quickly overcome the inherent weaknesses in WEP security, especially the reuse of encryption keys.

TKIP is involved in the IEEE 802.11i WLAN security standard, and the specification might be officially released by early 2003.

9. What is AES?

AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), a chip-based security, has been developed to ensure the highest degree of security and authenticity for digital information, wherever and however communicated or stored, while making more efficient use of hardware and/or software than previous encryption standards. It is also included in IEEE 802.11i standard. Compare with AES, TKIP is a temporary protocol for replacing WEP security until manufacturers implement AES at the hardware level.

10. Can Wireless products support printer sharing?

Wireless products perform the same function as LAN products.

Therefore, Wireless products can work with Netware, Windows 2000, or other LAN operating systems to support printer or file sharing.

11. Would the information be intercepted while transmitting on air?

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WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as with Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum technology, it has the inherent security feature of scrambling. On the software side, WLAN series offer the encryption function (WEP) to enhance security and

Access Control. Users can set it up depending upon their needs.

12. What is DSSS? What is FHSS? And what are their differences?

Frequency-hopping spread-spectrum (FHSS) uses a narrowband carrier that changes frequency in a pattern that is known to both transmitter and receiver. Properly synchronized, the net effect is to maintain a single logical channel. To an unintended receiver, FHSS appears to be short-duration impulse noise. Direct-sequence spread-spectrum (DSSS) generates a redundant bit pattern for each bit to be transmitted. This bit pattern is called a chip (or chipping code). The longer the chip is, the greater the probability that the original data can be recovered. Even if one or more bits in the chip are damaged during transmission, statistical techniques embedded in the radio can recover the original data withoutthe need for retransmission. To an unintended receiver, DSSS appears as low power wideband noise and is rejected (ignored) by most narrowband receivers.

13. What is Spread Spectrum?

Spread Spectrum technology is a wideband radio frequency technique developed by the military for use in reliable, secure, mission-critical communication systems. It is designed to trade off bandwidth efficiency for reliability, integrity, and security. In other words, more bandwidth is consumed than in the case of narrowband transmission, but the trade off produces a signal that is, in effect, louder and thus easier to detect, provided that the receiver knows the parameters of the spread-spectrum signal being broadcast. If a receiver is not tuned to the right frequency, a spread –spectrum signal looks like background noise.

There are two main alternatives, Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum

(DSSS) and Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS).

14. What is WPS?

WPS stands for Wi-Fi Protected Setup. It provides a simple way to establish unencrypted or encrypted connections between wireless clients and access point automatically. User can press a software or hardware button to activate WPS function, and WPS-compatible wireless clients and access point will establish connection by themselves. There are two types of WPS: PBC (Push-Button

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Configuration) and PIN code.

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