2005 Chevrolet Malibu Owner Manual M

2005 Chevrolet Malibu Owner Manual M
2005 Chevrolet Malibu Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................... 1-1
Front Seats ............................................... 1-2
Rear Seats
............................................... 1-8
Safety Belts ............................................. 1-10
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-33
Airbag System
......................................... 1-60
Restraint System Check
............................ 1-75
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-3
Doors and Locks ...................................... 2-11
Windows ................................................. 2-16
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-17
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-21
Mirrors .................................................... 2-33
OnStar® System
...................................... 2-38
HomeLink® Wireless Control System ........... 2-40
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-44
Sunroof
.................................................. 2-47
Instrument Panel ............................................. 3-1
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-21
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators
........ 3-30
Driver Information Center (DIC)
.................. 3-47
Audio System(s) ....................................... 3-54
M
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
..... 4-2
Towing
................................................... 4-34
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-5
Checking Things Under the Hood
............... 5-10
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-41
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-45
Tires
...................................................... 5-47
Appearance Care
..................................... 5-73
Vehicle Identification
................................. 5-82
Electrical System ...................................... 5-83
Capacities and Specifications
..................... 5-91
Maintenance Schedule ..................................... 6-1
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance and Information .............. 7-1
Customer Assistance and Information
........... 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects ........................... 7-10
Index ................................................................ 1
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be obtained
from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem, the MALIBU
Emblem, and the name MALIBU are registered
trademarks; and the name MALIBU MAXX is a
trademark of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division whenever
it appears in this manual.
Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there if it is
needed while you are on the road. If the vehicle is
sold, leave this manual in the vehicle.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 05MALIBU C First Edition
ii
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from beginning to
end when they first receive their new vehicle. If this
is done, it can help you learn about the features
and controls for the vehicle. Pictures and words work
together in the owner manual to explain things.
Index
A good place to quickly locate information about the
vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual. It is an
alphabetical list of what is in the manual and the
page number where it can be found.
©
2005 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
There are a number of safety cautions in this book. We
use a box and the word CAUTION to tell about things
that could hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Do Not,”
“Do Not do this” or “Do Not
let this happen.”
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you do not,
you or others could be hurt.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along with
the text describing the operation or information
relating to a specific component, control, message,
gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage the
vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered
by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could be costly. But
the notice will tell what to do to help avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in
different words.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage, or indicator, reference the following
topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
v
✍ NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-2
Manual Seats ................................................1-2
Six-Way Power Driver Seat ..............................1-3
Manual Lumbar ..............................................1-3
Heated Seats .................................................1-4
Reclining Seatbacks ........................................1-4
Head Restraints .............................................1-6
Passenger Folding Seatback ............................1-6
Rear Seats .......................................................1-8
Rear Seat Operation .......................................1-8
Safety Belts ...................................................1-10
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ................1-10
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......1-15
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-16
Driver Position ..............................................1-16
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment .....................1-23
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-24
Right Front Passenger Position .......................1-24
Rear Seat Passengers ..................................1-25
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ....................1-28
Safety Belt Pretensioners ...............................1-32
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-32
Child Restraints .............................................1-33
Older Children ..............................................1-33
Infants and Young Children ............................1-35
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-39
Where to Put the Restraint .............................1-42
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH) ......................................1-45
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Seat
Position ...................................................1-53
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position ............................................1-56
Airbag System ...............................................1-60
Where Are the Airbags? ................................1-62
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .....................1-66
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? .......................1-67
How Does an Airbag Restrain? .......................1-67
What Will You See After an Airbag Inflates? .....1-68
Passenger Sensing System ............................1-70
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ...........1-74
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ....................................................1-74
Restraint System Check ..................................1-75
Checking the Restraint Systems ......................1-75
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash ...................................................1-76
1-1
Front Seats
If your vehicle has a
manual seat adjustment,
lift the bar located
under the front of the seat
to unlock it.
Manual Seats
{CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle
is moving. The sudden movement could startle
and confuse you, or make you push a pedal
when you do not want to. Adjust the driver’s
seat only when the vehicle is not moving.
Slide the seat to where you want it and release the bar.
Try to move the seat back and forth to be sure the
seat is locked in place.
Power Lift Seat
If your vehicle has this feature, to move the power lift
seat forward or rearward, pull up on the lever located
under the front of the driver’s seat to unlock it. Slide the
seat to where you want it and release the lever. Try
to move the seat with your body to make sure the seat
is locked into place.
To raise or lower the power lift seat, hold the switch
located on the outboard side of the driver’s seat up
or down.
1-2
Six-Way Power Driver Seat
Manual Lumbar
If your vehicle has this feature, the power seat control is
located on the outboard side of the driver’s seat.
To adjust the power seat, do the following:
• Move the seat forward or rearward by pushing the
control toward the front or back of the vehicle.
• Raise or lower the front of the seat cushion by
holding the front of the control up or down.
• Raise or lower the rear of the seat cushion by
If your vehicle has this feature, the handle is located on
the outboard side of the driver’s seat. Your vehicle
may also have manual lumbar on the front passenger’s
seat. Move the handle up repeatedly to increase
lumbar support. Move the handle down repeatedly to
decrease lumbar support.
holding the rear of the control up or down.
1-3
Heated Seats
Reclining Seatbacks
Your vehicle may have heated front seats.
The buttons are located on
the outboard side of the
driver’s and front
passenger’s seats.
Press the top of the switch to turn the feature on. The
seat will heat to the high setting. The indicator light
above the switch will be lit next to the number 2.
Press the top of the switch again to go to the low heat
setting. The indicator light will be lit next to the
number 1.
Press the bottom of the switch to turn the feature off.
1-4
To adjust the seatback, lift the lever located on the
outboard side of the seat and move the seatback to the
desired position. Release the lever to lock the
seatback in place. Push and pull on the seatback to
make sure it is locked in place.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
To return the seatback to an upright position, pull up on
the lever fully without applying pressure to the seatback.
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts cannot do their
job when you are reclined like this.
The shoulder belt cannot do its job because it
will not be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt cannot do its job either. In a crash
the belt could go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at your pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
Do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
1-5
Head Restraints
Passenger Folding Seatback
{CAUTION:
If you fold the seatback forward to carry longer
objects, such as skis, be sure any such cargo
is not near an airbag. In a crash, an inflating
airbag might force that object toward a person.
This could cause severe injury or even death.
Secure objects away from the area in which an
airbag would inflate. For more information, see
Where Are the Airbags? on page 1-62 and
Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
The head restraints on both the front and rear seats are
adjustable. Press the button on the side of the post
to adjust the head restraint. Slide the head restraint up
or down so that the top of the restraint is closest to
the top of your head. This position reduces the chance
of a neck injury in a crash.
1-6
{CAUTION:
Things you put on this seatback can strike and
injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or in a
crash. Remove or secure all items before
driving.
You can fold the front passenger’s seatback down to
allow for more cargo space or as a temporary table while
the vehicle is stopped.
To fold the seatback down, do the following:
1. Make sure the seatback is at the most upright
position and locked.
2. Push forward on one of
the levers located on
either side of the
back of the
passenger’s seatback.
3. Fold the seatback down.
To raise the seatback, do the following:
1. Push down on one of the levers and pull the
seatback up to lock it into place. Make sure
the safety belt is not twisted or caught in the
seatback.
2. Push and pull the top of the seatback to be sure it
is locked into position.
3. Use the reclining front seatback lever to adjust the
seatback to a comfortable position.
1-7
Rear Seats
Rear Seat Operation
Folding the Seatback
2. Once a handle is pulled, the seatback can be
pushed open through the trunk, or pulled open from
inside the vehicle.
To fold down the rear seatback on the MAXX, do the
following:
Your vehicle may have a split folding rear seatback.
To fold down the rear seatback on the sedan, do
the following:
1. Open the trunk and pull one or both of the gray
handles located on the upper part of the trunk
opening. The driver’s side handle will open
the larger side of the seatback. The passenger’s
side handle will open the smaller side of the
seatback.
1-8
1. Pull up on and hold the lever located on the side of
either rear seat.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
{CAUTION:
2. Once a lever is pulled, the seatback can be pushed
into the down position.
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted will not provide
the protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After raising the rear seatback, always check
to be sure that the safety belts are properly
routed and attached, and are not twisted.
To return the seatback to the upright position, push the
seatback up until you hear a click. Then pull on the
seatback to make sure it is secure.
1-9
Rear Sliding Seat (MAXX Only)
Safety Belts
If your vehicle is the MAXX model your rear seat will
slide forward or rearward to allow more cargo space in
the rear.
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
Lift the bar located under the front of the seat to unlock
the seat. Slide the seat to where you want it and
release the bar. Try to move the seat back and forth to
be sure the seat is locked in place.
If your vehicle has the rear seat entertainment system,
the rear seat should only be moved forward to a
certain point in order to use the DVD player properly.
Slide the rear seat up so the front edge of the seat
cushion is lined up with the mark on the carpet retainer
trim on the floor of the driver’s side rear seat. If the
rear seat is up past the mark, you will not be able
to open the DVD screen.
1-10
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where he or she cannot
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a
crash and you are not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it.
You can be seriously injured or killed. In the
same crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ belts are
fastened properly too.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here is why: They work.
{CAUTION:
You never know if you will be in a crash. If you do have
a crash, you do not know if it will be a bad one.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up, a person would not
survive. But most crashes are in between. In many of
them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes
walk away. Without belts they could have been badly
hurt or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter...a lot!
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up. See
Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-33.
1-11
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a seat
on wheels.
1-12
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
does not stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something. In
a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
1-13
or the instrument panel...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That is why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-14
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an accident
if I am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you are upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are in an
accident — even one that is not your fault — you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver does not protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A: Airbags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts — not instead of them. Every airbag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you are in a vehicle that has
airbags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That is true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-15
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-33
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-35. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you will want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We will start with the driver position.
Driver Position
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Seats” in the Index.
1-16
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle
the belt.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-32.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
6. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
5. Move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the height
that is right for you. See Shoulder Belt Height
Adjustment on page 1-23.
1-17
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this
applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would
be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid
under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen.
This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The
shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take
belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-18
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-19
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-20
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-21
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you would not have the full width of
the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
1-22
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and your vehicle.
To move it down, push
down the release
button (A) and move the
height adjuster to the
desired position. You can
move the adjuster up
by pushing the release
button up. After you move
the adjuster to where
you want it, try to move it
without pushing the
release button to make
sure it has locked
into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt
is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be
away from your face and neck, but not falling off your
shoulder.
1-23
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they do not wear safety belts.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it is more
likely that the fetus will not be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-16.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the
same way as the driver’s safety belt — except for
one thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the
belt out all the way, you will engage the child restraint
locking feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back
all the way and start again.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-24
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It is very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in
the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
All rear seat positions have lap-shoulder belts. Here is
how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who are not safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
1-25
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-32.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-26
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-27
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
Malibu Sedan
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides may provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for some adults. When installed on
a shoulder belt, the comfort guide positions the belt
away from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger position
in the rear seat. Here is how to install a comfort
guide and use the safety belt:
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
1-28
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the
belt into the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the
guide on top.
1-29
4. Buckle, position, and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-25.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Pull the guide upward to expose its storage
clip, and then slide the guide onto the clip. Turn
the guide and clip inward and slide them between the
seatback and the interior body, leaving only the
loop of the elastic cord exposed.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is not properly worn may not
provide the protection needed in a crash. The
person wearing the belt could be seriously
injured. The shoulder belt should go over the
shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining
forces.
1-30
Malibu MAXX
There is a safety belt routing guide attached to each
outside passenger position in the rear seat of the Malibu
MAXX. Here is how to use the safety belt routing
guide:
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is not properly worn may not
provide the protection needed in a crash. The
person wearing the belt could be seriously
injured. The shoulder belt should go over the
shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining
forces.
3. Buckle, position, and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-25.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder.
To remove the safety belt from the guide, slide the edge
of the safety belt through the opening at the top of
the guide.
1. Slide the edge of the safety belt (D) through the
opening at the top of the guide (B).
2. Adjust the safety belt so that it lies flat against the
lower level (C) or the upper level (A) of the guide.
Be sure the safety belt lies flat against the guide.
1-31
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Safety Belt Extender
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the driver
and right front passenger. Although you cannot see
them, they are located on the retractor part of the safety
belts. They help the safety belts reduce a person’s
forward movement in a moderate to severe frontal or
near frontal crash.
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you will need to get new ones, and probably other
new parts for your safety belt system. See Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash on page 1-76.
1-32
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer will
order you an extender. It is free. When you go in to
order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. To help avoid
personal injury, do not let someone else use it, and
use it only for the seat it is made to fit. The extender has
been designed for adults. Never use it for securing
child seats. To wear it, just attach it to the regular safety
belt. For more information, see the instruction sheet
that comes with the extender.
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-33
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A: If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle.
Also see Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides on
page 1-28. If the child is sitting in the center rear
seat passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that
the shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so
that in a crash the child’s upper body would
have the restraint that belts provide.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can not properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
1-34
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
1-35
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby does not
weigh much — until a crash. During a crash a
baby will become so heavy it is not possible to
hold it. For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240 lb (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
1-36
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and
infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its airbag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
1-37
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
{CAUTION:
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint, state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
1-38
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This
is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck
is weak and its head weighs so much
compared with the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing seat settles into the
restraint, so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest part of an
infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants
always should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-39
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
1-40
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and
some high-back booster seats have a five-point harness.
A booster seat can also help a child to see out the
window.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a
crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
1-41
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system or
the LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children)
system in your vehicle, but the child also has to be
secured within the restraint to help reduce the chance of
personal injury. When securing an add-on child
restraint, refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint which may be on the restraint itself or in
a booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not available,
obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people
in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle – even when no child is in it.
1-42
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors recommends that child restraints
be secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a
rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a forward-facing
child seat and an older child riding in a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun visor
says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat in the
front.” This is because the risk to the rear-facing child is
so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating airbag.
If you need to secure more than one child restraint in
the rear seat, review the following illustrations.
Depending on where you place the child restraint, you
may not be able to access certain safety belt assemblies
or LATCH anchors for additional passengers or child
restraints.
Even though the passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal
airbag if the system detects a rear-facing child
restraint, no system is fail-safe, and no one
can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. General Motors
recommends that rear-facing child restraints
be secured in the rear seat, even if the airbag
is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat, always move
the front passenger seat as far back as it will
go. It is better to secure the child restraint in a
rear seat.
1-43
Configurations for Use of Child
Restraints
A. Child restraint or
occupant using
safety belt
A. Child restraint
using LATCH
B. Child restraint or
occupant using
safety belt
A. Occupant prohibited
B. Child restraint
using LATCH
A. Child restraint or
occupant using
safety belt
B. Child restraint
using LATCH
Wherever you install a child restraint, be sure to secure
the child restraint properly.
A. Child restraint
using LATCH
B. Child restraint or
occupant using
safety belt
C. Child restraint using
safety belt or LATCH
or occupant using
safety belt
1-44
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle — even when no child
is in it.
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH)
Your vehicle has lower anchors and top tether anchors.
Your child restraint may have lower attachments and
a top tether.
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. The LATCH
system holds a child restraint during driving or in a
crash. This system is designed to make installation of a
child restraint easier. The LATCH system uses
anchors in the vehicle and attachments on the child
restraint that are made for use with the LATCH system
Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints have
lower anchors and attachments or top tether anchors
and attachments.
Lower Anchors
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible child restraint
is properly installed using the anchors, or use the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint, following
the instructions that came with that restraint, and
also the instructions in this manual. When installing a
child restraint with a top tether, you must also use either
the lower anchors or the safety belts to properly
secure the child restraint. A child restraint must never
be attached using only the top tether and anchor.
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you
need a child restraint equipped with LATCH
attachments. The child restraint manufacturer will
provide you with instructions on how to use the child
restraint and its attachments. The following explains how
to attach a child restraint with these attachments in
your vehicle.
Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the vehicle.
There are two lower anchors for each LATCH seating
position that will accommodate a child restraint with
lower attachments (B).
1-45
Top Tether Anchor
Your child restraint may have a single tether (A) or a
dual tether (C). Either will have a single attachment (B)
to secure the top tether to the anchor.
Some top tether-equipped child restraints are designed
for use with or without the top tether being attached.
Others require the top tether always to be attached. In
Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top tether, and that the tether be
attached. In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top tether. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint.
If the child restraint does not have a top tether, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints. Ask
the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child restraint
to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built into the
vehicle. The top tether attachment (B) on the child
restraint connects to the top tether anchor in the vehicle
in order to reduce the forward movement and rotation
of the child restraint during driving or in a crash.
1-46
Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor
Locations
j (Lower Anchor):
Seating positions with two
lower anchors.
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
Rear Seat
For MAXX models, to
assist you in locating the
lower anchors, each
rear anchor position has a
label, near the crease
between the seatback and
the seat cushion,
showing where the
anchors are located.
For sedan models, each rear seating position has
exposed metal lower anchors in the crease between the
seatback and the seat cushion.
For MAXX models, to
assist you in locating the
top tether anchors, the top
tether anchor symbol is
located on the back of the
rear seatback near the top
tether anchors.
1-47
For sedan models, the top tether anchors are located
behind the rear seat on the filler panel. For MAXX
models, the top tether anchors are located on the back
of the rear seatback. Be sure to use an anchor
located on the same side of the vehicle as the seating
position where the child restraint will be placed.
MAXX
Sedan
Do not secure a child restraint in the right front
passenger’s position if a national or local law requires
that the top tether be attached, or if the instructions that
come with the child restraint say that the top tether
must be attached. There is no place to attach the top
tether in this position.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. See
Where to Put the Restraint on page 1-42 for additional
information.
1-48
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not attached
to anchors, the restraint will not be able to
protect the child correctly. In a crash, the child
could be seriously injured or killed. Make sure
that a LATCH-type child restraint is properly
installed using the anchors, or use the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came with that
restraint, and also the instructions in this
manual.
{CAUTION:
Each top tether anchor and lower anchor in the
vehicle is designed to hold only one child
restraint. Attaching more than one child
restraint to a single anchor could cause the
anchor or attachment to come loose or even
break during a crash. A child or others could
be injured if this happens. To help prevent
injury to people and damage to your vehicle,
attach only one child restraint per anchor.
If you need to secure more than one child restraint in
the rear seat, see Where to Put the Restraint on
page 1-42. Depending on where you place the child
restraint, you may not be able to access certain safety
belt assemblies or LATCH anchors for additional
passengers or child restraints.
1-49
You cannot secure three child restraints using the
LATCH anchors in the rear seat at the same time, but
you can install two of them. If you want to do this, install
one LATCH child restraint in the passenger-side
position, and install the other one either in the
driver’s-side position or in the center position. Refer to
the following illustration to learn which anchors to use.
Sedan
A. Passenger’s Side Rear Seat Lower Anchors
B. Center Rear Seat Lower Anchors
C. Driver’s Side Rear Seat Lower Anchors
1-50
Make sure to attach the child restraint at the proper
anchor location.
This system is designed to make installation of child
restraints easier. When using lower anchors, do not use
the vehicle’s safety belts. Instead use the vehicle’s
anchors and child restraint attachments to secure the
restraints. Some restraints also use another vehicle
anchor to secure a top tether.
1. Find the lower anchors, if equipped, for the desired
seating position.
MAXX
A. Passenger’s Side Rear Seat Lower Anchors
B. Center Rear Seat Lower Anchors
C. Driver’s Side Rear Seat Lower Anchors
2. If the desired seating position does not have lower
anchors, see Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position on page 1-53 for instructions on
installing the child restraint using the safety belts.
3. Put the child restraint on the seat.
4. Attach and tighten the lower attachments on the
child restraint to the lower anchors, if equipped, in
the vehicle. The child restraint instructions will
show you how.
1-51
5. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor.
Refer to the child restraint instructions and
the following steps:
5.1. Find the top tether anchor.
5.2. Route and tighten the top tether according to
your child restraint instructions and the
following instructions:
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and you are
using a single tether,
route the tether over the
seatback.
If the position you are using has an adjustable
head restraint and you are using a single or dual
tether, raise the head restraint and route the tether
under the head restraint and in between the
head restraint posts. See Head Restraints on
page 1-6.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and you are
using a dual tether,
route the tether over the
seatback.
1-52
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH) on page 1-45.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the
child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
1-53
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-54
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. If you are using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. If your child restraint has a top tether, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor.
Refer to the instructions that came with the child
restraint and to step 5 under Lower Anchors
and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 1-45.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-55
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a right front passenger airbag. A rear
seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facing child
restraint. See Where to Put the Restraint on page 1-42.
In addition, your vehicle may have the passenger
sensing system. The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag when an infant in a rear-facing infant seat
or a small child in a forward-facing child restraint or
booster seat is detected. See Passenger Sensing
System on page 1-70 and Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 3-35 for more information on
this including important safety information.
A label on your sun visor says, “Never put a rear-facing
child seat in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
1-56
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal
airbag if the system detects a rear-facing child
restraint, no system is fail-safe, and no one
can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend that
rear-facing child restraints be secured in the
rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child restraint in
the right front seat position, move the seat as far
back as it will go before securing the forward-facing
child restraint. See Manual Seats on page 1-2.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH) on page 1-45.
There is no top tether anchor in the right front
passenger’s position. Do not secure a child restraint in
this position if a national or local law requires that a
top tether be anchored or if the instructions that come
with the child restraint say that the top tether must
be anchored. See Lower Anchors and Tethers
for Children (LATCH) on page 1-45 if your child restraint
has a top tether.
You will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the
child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
1. Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s frontal
airbag. See Passenger Sensing System on
page 1-70. General Motors recommends that
rear-facing child restraints be secured in a rear seat,
even if the airbag is off. If your child restraint is
forward-facing, move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing the child restraint in this
seat. See Manual Seats on page 1-2.
When the passenger sensing system has turned off
the right front passenger’s frontal airbag, the off
indicator in the passenger airbag status indicator
should light and stay lit when you turn the ignition to
ON or START. See Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 3-35.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-57
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-58
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
8. If your vehicle has the passenger sensing system,
and the airbag is off, the off indicator on the
instrument panel will be lit and stay lit when the key
is turned to ON or START.
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove the child
restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the child restraint.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. If you are using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt. You should not be
able to pull more of the belt from the retractor
once the lock has been set.
If after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to make
sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not pressing the child
restraint into the seat cushion. If this happens, slightly
recline the vehicle’s seatback and adjust the seat
cushion if possible. Also make sure the child restraint is
not trapped under the vehicle head restraint. If this
happens, adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the child
restraint in a rear seat position in the vehicle and
check with your dealer.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
1-59
Airbag System
Your vehicle has a frontal airbag for the driver and a
frontal airbag for the right front passenger. Your vehicle
may also have a seat-mounted side impact airbag
for the driver and for the right front passenger. Your
vehicle may also have roof-mounted side impact
airbags. Roof-mounted side impact airbags are available
for the driver and the passenger seated directly behind
the driver and for the right front passenger and the
passenger seated directly behind that passenger.
If your vehicle has seat-mounted side impact airbags,
the words AIR BAG will appear on the airbag covering
on the side of the front seatback closest to the door.
If your vehicle has roof-mounted side impact airbags, the
words AIR BAG will appear on the airbag covering on
the ceiling near the driver’s and right front passenger’s
window.
Frontal airbags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating frontal airbag.
But these airbags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the
airbag system:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you are not wearing your safety belt, even if
you have airbags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being
ejected from it. Airbags are designed to work
with safety belts but do not replace them.
Frontal airbags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to deploy in moderate
to severe frontal and near frontal crashes.
They are not designed to inflate in rollover,
rear or low-speed frontal crashes, or in many
side crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal airbags may provide less
protection in frontal crashes than more
forceful airbags have provided in the past.
CAUTION:
1-60
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
Side impact airbags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe crashes where something
hits the side of your vehicle. They are not
designed to inflate in frontal, in rollover or in
rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly, whether or not there is an airbag
for that person.
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact airbags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an
eye. If you are too close to an inflating airbag,
as you would be if you were leaning forward, it
could seriously injure you. Safety belts help
keep you in position for airbag inflation before
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
and during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt even with frontal airbags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle. Occupants
should not lean on or sleep against the door.
{CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults, but
not for young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see Older Children on page 1-33 or Infants and
Young Children on page 1-35.
1-61
There is an airbag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the airbag
symbol.
Where Are the Airbags?
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-34
for more information.
The driver’s frontal airbag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-62
The right front passenger’s frontal airbag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
If your vehicle has a seat-mounted side impact airbag
for the driver, it is in the side of the driver’s seatback
closest to the door.
1-63
If your vehicle has a seat-mounted side impact airbag
for the right front passenger, it is in the side of the
passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
1-64
If your vehicle has a roof-mounted side impact airbag
for the driver and the person seated directly behind the
driver, it is in the ceiling above the side windows.
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has a roof-mounted side impact airbag
for the right front passenger and the person seated
directly behind that passenger, it is in the ceiling above
the side windows.
If something is between an occupant and an
airbag, the airbag might not inflate properly or
it might force the object into that person
causing severe injury or even death. The path
of an inflating airbag must be kept clear. Do
not put anything between an occupant and an
airbag, and do not attach or put anything on
the steering wheel hub or on or near any other
airbag covering. If your vehicle has
roof-mounted side impact airbags, never
secure anything to the roof of your vehicle by
routing the rope or tie-down through any door
or window opening. If you do, the path of an
inflating airbag will be blocked. Do not let seat
covers block the inflation path of a side impact
airbag. The path of an inflating airbag must be
kept clear.
1-65
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal airbags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact exceeds a predetermined deployment
threshold. Deployment thresholds take into account
a variety of desired deployment and non-deployment
events and are used to predict how severe a crash
is likely to be in time for the airbags to inflate and help
restrain the occupants. Whether your frontal airbags
will or should deploy is not based on how fast your
vehicle is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit,
the direction of the impact and how quickly your
vehicle slows down.
In addition, your vehicle has “dual-stage” frontal airbags,
which adjust the restraint according to crash severity.
Your vehicle is equipped with electronic frontal sensors
which help the sensing system distinguish between a
moderate frontal impact and a more severe frontal
impact. For moderate frontal impacts, these airbags
inflate at a level less than full deployment. For
more severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs. If
the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall
that does not move or deform, the threshold level for
the reduced deployment is about 12 to 16 mph
(19 to 26 km/h), and the threshold level for a full
deployment is about 18 to 24 mph (29 to 38.5 km/h).
1-66
The threshold level can vary, however, with specific
vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above
or below this range.
Frontal airbags may inflate at different crash speeds.
For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the airbags
could inflate at a different crash speed than if the
object were moving.
• If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed than
if the vehicle hits an object does not deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole) the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a wide object (like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle goes straight into the object.
Frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger) are not
intended to inflate during vehicle rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts.
Your vehicle may or may not have side impact airbags.
See Airbag System on page 1-60. Side impact
airbags are intended to inflate in moderate to severe
side crashes. A side impact airbag will inflate if the crash
severity is above the system’s designed threshold
level. The threshold level can vary with specific vehicle
design. Side impact airbags are not intended to
inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts, rollovers or rear
impacts. A side impact airbag is intended to deploy
on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an
airbag should have inflated simply because of the
damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs
were. For frontal airbags, inflation is determined by
what the vehicle hits, the angle of the impact, and how
quickly the vehicle slows down. For side impact
airbags, inflation is determined by the location and
severity of the impact.
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For
both frontal and side impact airbags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the airbag. The inflator, airbag and related
hardware are all part of the airbag modules inside the
steering wheel and the instrument panel.
For vehicles with side impact airbags, the modules are
located in the side of the front seatbacks closest to
the door or the ceiling of the vehicle, near the side
windows.
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The airbag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But the
frontal airbags would not help you in many types
of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts, and many
side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion
is not toward the airbag. Side impact airbags would not
help you in many types of collisions, including many
frontal or near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear
impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion is not
toward those airbags. Airbags should never be
regarded as anything more than a supplement to safety
belts, and then only in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal collisions for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s frontal airbags, and only in moderate to
severe side collisions for side impact airbags.
1-67
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates?
After the airbag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the airbag
inflated. Some components of the airbag module — the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s airbag, the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag, the
side of the seatback closest to the door for the
seat-mounted side impact airbags (if equipped) and the
area along the ceiling of your vehicle near the side
windows for the roof–mounted side impact airbags
(if equipped) — will be hot for a short time. The parts
of the bag that come into contact with you may be warm,
but not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke
and dust coming from the vents in the deflated airbags.
Airbag inflation does not prevent the driver from
seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it
stop people from leaving the vehicle.
1-68
{CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
to do so. If you have breathing problems but
cannot get out of the vehicle after an airbag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience breathing
problems following an airbag deployment, you
should seek medical attention.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate the airbag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once. After an
airbag inflates, you will need some new parts for
your airbag system. If you do not get them,
the airbag system will not be there to help protect
you in another crash. A new system will include
airbag modules and possibly other parts. The
service manual for your vehicle covers the need to
replace other parts.
• Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information after
a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders on page 7-9
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the right front passenger’s airbag, or the airbag
covering on the driver’s and right front passenger’s
seatback (if equipped), or the side impact airbag
covering on the ceiling near the side windows
(if equipped), the bag may not work properly. You
may have to replace the airbag module in the
steering wheel, both the airbag module and the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s
airbag, the airbag module and seatback for the
driver’s and right front passenger’s seat-mounted
side impact airbags (if equipped), or side impact
airbag module and ceiling covering for the
roof-mounted side impact airbags (if equipped). Do
not open or break the airbag coverings.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your airbag
system. Improper service can mean that the
airbag system will not work properly. See your
dealer for service.
1-69
Passenger Sensing System
If your instrument panel has one of the indicators
pictured in the following illustrations, then your vehicle
has a passenger sensing system. The passenger airbag
status indicator on the instrument panel will be visible
when you turn your ignition key to ON or START.
The word ON and the word OFF or the symbol for on
and the symbol for off, will be visible during the system
check. If you use remote start to start your vehicle
from a distance, if equipped, you may not see the
system check. When the system check is complete,
either the word ON or the word OFF, or the symbol for
on or the symbol for off will be visible. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on page 3-35.
The passenger sensing system will turn off the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag under certain conditions.
The driver’s airbag and the side airbags are not part
of the passenger sensing system.
The passenger sensing system works with sensors that
are part of the right front passenger’s seat. The
sensors are designed to detect the presence of a
properly-seated occupant and determine if the
passenger’s frontal airbag should be enabled
(may inflate) or not.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are
restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. General
Motors recommends that child restraints be secured in a
rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facing infant
seat, a child riding in a forward-facing child seat, and an
older child riding in a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate a
rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun visor says,
“Never put a rear-facing child seat in the front.” This
is because the risk to the rear-facing child is so great, if
the airbag deploys.
Passenger Airbag
Status Indicator –
United States
1-70
Passenger Airbag
Status Indicator –
Canada
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal
airbag if the system detects a rear-facing child
restraint, no system is fail-safe, and no one
can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend that
rear-facing child restraints be secured in the
rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn off
the right front passenger’s frontal airbag if:
• the right front passenger seat is unoccupied
• the system determines that an infant is present in a
rear-facing infant seat
• the system determines that a small child is present
in a forward-facing child restraint
• the system determines that a small child is present
in a booster seat
• a right front passenger takes his/her weight off of
the seat for a period of time
• the right front passenger seat is occupied by a
smaller person, such as a child who has outgrown
child restraints
• or if there is a critical problem with the airbag
system or the passenger sensing system.
When the passenger sensing system has turned off the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag, the off indicator
on the instrument panel will light and stay lit to remind
you that the airbag is off.
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove the child
restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the child restraint
following the child restraint manufacturer’s directions
and refer to Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position on page 1-56.
1-71
If after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting the
vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to make
sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not pressing the child
restraint into the seat cushion. If this happens, slightly
recline the vehicle’s seatback and adjust the seat
cushion if possible. Also make sure the child restraint is
not trapped under the vehicle head restraint. If this
happens, adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the child
restraint in a rear seat position in the vehicle and
check with your dealer.
The passenger sensing system is designed to enable
(may inflate) the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag anytime the system senses that a person of adult
size is sitting properly in the right front passenger’s
seat. When the passenger sensing system has allowed
the airbag to be enabled, the on indicator will light
and stay lit to remind you that the airbag is active.
For some children who have outgrown child restraints
and for very small adults, the passenger sensing system
may or may not turn off the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag, depending upon the person’s seating
posture and body build. Everyone in your vehicle who
has outgrown child restraints should wear a safety
belt properly — whether or not there is an airbag for that
person.
1-72
If a person of adult-size is sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat, but the off indicator is lit, it could be
because that person is not sitting properly in the seat. If
this happens, turn the vehicle off and ask the person
to place the seatback in the fully upright position, then sit
upright in the seat, centered on the seat cushion, with
the person’s legs comfortably extended. Restart the
vehicle and have the person remain in this position for
about two minutes. This will allow the system to
detect that person and then enable the passenger’s
airbag.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light in the instrument
panel cluster ever comes on and stays on, it
means that something may be wrong with the
airbag system. If this ever happens, have the
vehicle serviced promptly, because an
adult-size person sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat may not have the protection
of the frontal airbag. See Airbag Readiness
Light on page 3-34 for more on this, including
important safety information.
The passenger sensing system may suppress the
airbag deployment when liquid is soaked into the seat. If
this happens, the off indicator in the passenger airbag
status indicator and the airbag readiness light on
the instrument panel will be lit. The system should
resume normal operation after the seat is allowed to dry.
If the system operates incorrectly after the seat has
dried, have your dealer check the system.
{CAUTION:
Stowing of articles under the passenger’s seat
or between the passenger’s seat cushion and
seatback may interfere with the proper
operation of the passenger sensing system.
A thick layer of additional material such as a blanket, or
aftermarket equipment such as seat covers, seat
heaters, and seat massagers, can affect how well the
passenger sensing system operates. Remove any
additional material from the seat cushion before
reinstalling or securing the child restraint or small
occupant. You may want to consider not using seat
covers or other aftermarket equipment if your vehicle
has the passenger sensing system. See Adding
Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on
page 1-74 for more information about modifications that
can affect how the system operates.
1-73
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the airbag system in several places
around your vehicle. You do not want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
dealer and the service manual have information
about servicing your vehicle and the airbag system. To
purchase a service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-11.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
airbag can still inflate during improper service.
You can be injured if you are close to an
airbag when it inflates. Avoid yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the
airbag system. Be sure to follow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-74
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Q: Is there anything I might add to the front or
sides of the vehicle that could keep the
airbags from working properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle’s
frame, bumper system, front end or side sheet
metal or height, they may keep the airbag system
from working properly. Also, the airbag system may
not work properly if you relocate any of the airbag
sensors. If you have any questions about this,
you should contact Customer Service before you
modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and
addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two
of the Customer Satisfaction Procedure in this
manual. See Customer Satisfaction Procedure on
page 7-2.
Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get my
vehicle modified. How can I find out whether
this will affect my airbag system?
A: Changing or moving any parts of the front seats,
safety belts, the airbag sensing and diagnostic
module (located under the right front passenger’s
seat), or the instrument panel can affect the
operation of the airbag system. If you have
questions, call Customer Assistance. The phone
numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance
are in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on page 7-2.
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken airbag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The airbag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-75
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may
not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or even death in a
crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or
LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if
worn during a more severe crash, then you need
new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
1-76
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system was not being used at the time of
the collision.
If your seat adjuster will not work after a crash, the
special part of the safety belt that goes through the seat
to the adjuster may need to be replaced.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part about the airbag system
earlier in this section.
If the frontal airbags inflate, you will also need to
replace the driver’s and right front passenger’s safety
belt retractor assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new
buckle assembly will be there to help protect you in a
collision.
After a crash you may need to replace the driver and
front passenger’s safety belt retractor assemblies, even
if the frontal airbags have not deployed. The driver
and front passenger’s safety belt retractor assemblies
contain the safety belt pretensioners. Have your
safety belt pretensioners checked if your vehicle has
been in a collision, or if your airbag readiness light stays
on after you start your vehicle or while you are driving.
See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-34.
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System .........................2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........2-5
Doors and Locks ............................................2-11
Door Locks ..................................................2-11
Power Door Locks ........................................2-12
Door Ajar Reminder ......................................2-12
Delayed Locking ...........................................2-12
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ..............2-13
Lockout Protection ........................................2-13
Trunk (Sedan) ..............................................2-14
Liftgate (MAXX) ............................................2-15
Windows ........................................................2-16
Power Windows ............................................2-17
Sun Visors ...................................................2-17
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-17
Content Theft-Deterrent .................................2-18
PASS-Key® III+ ............................................2-19
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ..............................2-20
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-21
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-21
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-22
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................2-22
Starting the Engine .......................................2-23
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal ................2-24
Engine Coolant Heater ..................................2-24
Automatic Transaxle Operation (Base Model) ....2-26
Parking Brake ..............................................2-29
Shifting Into Park (P) .....................................2-29
Shifting Out of Park (P) .................................2-31
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-31
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-32
Running the Engine While Parked ...................2-32
Mirrors ...........................................................2-33
Manual Rearview Mirror .................................2-33
Manual Rearview Mirror with OnStar® ..............2-33
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
OnStar® and Compass ...............................2-34
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
Compass .................................................2-35
Outside Power Mirrors ...................................2-37
Outside Power Heated Mirrors ........................2-38
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-38
2-1
Section 2
Features and Controls
OnStar® System .............................................2-38
HomeLink® Wireless Control System ...............2-40
HomeLink® Wireless Control System
Operation .................................................2-41
2-2
Storage Areas ................................................2-44
Glove Box ...................................................2-44
Cupholder(s) ................................................2-44
Center Console Storage Area .........................2-44
Map Pocket .................................................2-44
Rear Compartment Storage Panel/Cover
(MAXX) ....................................................2-45
Table (MAXX) ..............................................2-46
Sunroof .........................................................2-47
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. They
could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. The
children or others could be badly injured or
even killed. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle
with children.
2-3
One key is used for the
ignition and all locks.
Remote Keyless Entry System
If equipped, the keyless entry system operates on a
radio frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
When a new vehicle is delivered, the key has a
bar-coded key tag. This tag may be removed by your
dealer before it is delivered.
Each tag has a key code on it that tells your dealer or a
qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep the
tag in a safe place. If you lose your keys, you’ll be able
to have one made easily using this tag. If you need
a new key, go to your dealer for the correct key code.
See Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6 for more
information.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
2-4
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
The vehicle’s doors may be locked and unlocked, and
the trunk or liftgate may be opened from approximately
3 feet (1 m) up to 197 feet (60 m) away with the
remote keyless entry transmitter. If your vehicle has the
remote vehicle start feature, you can also start the
vehicle’s engine with the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-5.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
Remote Keyless Entry
with Remote Start
Remote Keyless Entry
without Remote Start
2-5
The following functions may be available if your vehicle
has the remote keyless entry system:
/ (Remote Vehicle Start): If your vehicle has this
feature, the engine may be started from outside
the vehicle using the remote keyless entry transmitter.
See “Remote Vehicle Start” at the end of this section for
more detailed information.
Q (Lock): Press the lock button to lock all the doors.
The interior lamps will turn off after all of the doors
are closed. If enabled through the Driver Information
Center (DIC), the remote lock feedback can be
programmed to have the horn chirp and/or the parking
lamps flash when the remote keyless entry transmitter
is used to lock the vehicle’s doors. See “LOCK HORN”
and “LIGHT FLASH” under DIC Operation and
Displays on page 3-47 for more information.
Pressing the lock button may arm the content
theft-deterrent system. See Content Theft-Deterrent on
page 2-18.
2-6
K (Unlock):
Press the unlock button to unlock the
driver’s door. If the button is pressed again within
five seconds, all remaining doors, and the liftgate will
unlock. The interior lamps will turn on and stay on
for 20 seconds or until the ignition is turned on.
If enabled through the DIC, the remote unlock feedback
can be programmed to have the horn chirp and/or
the parking lamps flash when the remote keyless entry
transmitter is used to unlock the vehicle’s doors.
See “UNLOCK HORN” and “LIGHT FLASH” under DIC
Operation and Displays on page 3-47 for more
information.
If enabled through the DIC, and it is dark enough
outside, the vehicle’s high-beam headlamps, parking
lamps, and back-up lamps will turn on each time
the unlock button on the transmitter is pressed. These
exterior lamps will stay on for 20 seconds, or until a door
is opened. See “EXT (Exterior) LIGHTS” under DIC
Operation and Displays on page 3-47.
Pressing the unlock button will disarm the content
theft-deterrent system, if equipped. See Content
Theft-Deterrent on page 2-18.
V (Remote Trunk/Liftgate Release):
The trunk or
liftgate will open when this button on the transmitter
is pressed and held for approximately one second. You
can open the sedan trunk with the transmitter when
the vehicle is stationary. You can open the liftgate on the
MAXX only when the vehicle is in PARK (P).
L (Vehicle Locator/Panic Alarm): This button may
be used to locate your vehicle. Press and release
this button to initiate vehicle locate. The horn will sound
three times and the headlamps and parking lamps
will flash three times. Press and hold the button
for approximately three seconds to initiate the panic
alarm. The horn will sound and the headlamps
and parking lamps will flash for 30 seconds. Press the
button again to cancel the panic alarm.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your GM dealer. Remember to
bring any remaining transmitters with you when you go
to your dealer. Each vehicle can have a maximum of
four transmitters matched to it.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter will not
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it is probably time to change the battery.
The KEY FOB BATT LOW message in the vehicle’s
DIC will display if the remote keyless entry transmitter
battery is low.
2-7
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
To replace the battery in the remote keyless entry
transmitter do the following:
1. Insert a flat object, with a thin edge, into the notch
located below the vehicle locator/panic alarm
button, and separate the bottom half from the top
half of the transmitter.
2. Remove the battery and replace it with the new
one. Make sure the positive (+) side of the battery
faces up. Use one three-volt, CR2032, or equivalent
type battery.
3. Put the two halves back together. Make sure the
cover is on tight, so water will not get inside the
transmitter.
4. Test the operation of the transmitter with the
vehicle.
2-8
Remote Vehicle Start
Your vehicle may have a remote start feature. This
feature allows you to start the engine from outside the
vehicle. It may also start the vehicle’s heating or air
conditioning systems and rear window defogger. When
the remote start system is active and the vehicle has an
automatic climate control system, it may automatically
regulate the inside temperature. Normal operation of the
system will return after the key is turned to ON.
Laws in some communities may restrict the use of
remote starters. For example, some laws may require a
person using remote start to have the vehicle in view
when doing so. Check local regulations for any
requirements on remote starting of vehicles.
Do not use the remote start feature if your vehicle is low
on fuel. Your vehicle may run out of fuel.
The remote start feature provides two separate starts,
each with 10 minutes of engine running time.
The remote vehicle start feature needs to be reset after
your vehicle’s engine is started two times using the
transmitter’s remote start button. The remote start
system is reset by inserting the vehicle’s key into the
ignition switch and turning it to ON. See Ignition
Positions on page 2-22 for information regarding the
ignition positions on your vehicle.
You can start your vehicle’s engine from approximately
197 feet (60 m) away. However, the range may be
less while the vehicle is running, and as a result you
may need to be closer to your vehicle to turn it off than
you were to turn it on.
There are other conditions which may affect the
performance of the transmitter, see Remote Keyless
Entry System on page 2-4.
/ (Remote Start): If your vehicle has the remote start
feature, the keyless entry transmitter will have a
button with this symbol on it.
To start the vehicle using the remote start feature, do
the following:
1. Aim the transmitter at the vehicle.
2. Press and release the transmitter’s lock button,
then immediately press and hold the transmitter’s
remote start button until the vehicle’s turn signal
lights flash.
3. When the vehicle starts, the parking lamps will turn
on and remain on while the engine is running.
The engine will shut off automatically after
10 minutes, unless a time extension has been
done, or the vehicle’s key is inserted into the ignition
switch and turned to ON.
If you enter the vehicle after a remote start, and the
engine is still running, insert the key into the
ignition switch and turn it to ON to drive the vehicle.
2-9
4. To manually shut off a remote start, do any of the
following. The parking lamps will turn off.
• Aim the remote keyless entry transmitter at the
vehicle, and press the remote start button.
• Turn on the hazard warning flashers.
• Turn the ignition switch to ON and then to OFF.
If only one remote start procedure has been done, since
last driving the vehicle or resetting the remote start
system, the engine may be started again remotely by
following the remote start procedure a second time.
If the remote start procedure is used again before the
first ten minute time frame has ended, 10 minutes will be
added to the remaining minutes. The added 10 minutes
are considered a second remote start.
The remote vehicle start feature will not operate if any
of the following occur:
•
•
•
•
•
The remote start system is disabled through the DIC.
The vehicle’s key is in the ignition.
The vehicle’s hood is open.
The hazard warning flashers are on.
The check engine light is on. See Malfunction
Indicator Lamp on page 3-41.
2-10
• The engine coolant temperature is too high.
• The oil pressure is low.
• Two remote vehicle starts have already been
provided.
Vehicles that have the remote vehicle start feature are
shipped from the factory with the remote vehicle
start system enabled. The system may be enabled or
disabled through the DIC. See “REMOTE START” under
DIC Operation and Displays on page 3-47 for additional
information.
Remote Start Ready
If your vehicle does not have the remote vehicle start
feature, it may have the remote start ready feature. This
feature allows your dealer to add the manufacturer’s
remote vehicle start feature.
If the keyless entry transmitter has a plus (+) symbol on
the back cover, your vehicle has the remote start
ready feature. You can lock or unlock your vehicle from
approximately 197 feet (60 m) away.
See your dealer if you would like to add the
manufacturer’s remote vehicle start feature to your
vehicle.
Doors and Locks
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Door Locks
From the outside, use your key or remote keyless
entry transmitter, if equipped. Turn the key
counterclockwise to unlock the door. Turn the key
counterclockwise a second time to unlock all doors at
the same time.
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers — especially children — can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle will not open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash if the doors are not locked. So,
wear safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
From the inside, lock and unlock the door by moving the
manual lock knob down and up, or by using the power
door lock switches.
2-11
Power Door Locks
Door Ajar Reminder
The power door lock
switches are located on
the driver’s and front
passenger’s door.
If one of the doors is not fully closed while the ignition is
on and the shift lever is moved out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) the following will occur:
• A chime will sound.
• The DOOR AJAR message will display through the
Driver Information Center (DIC) until the door is
closed. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-52.
Delayed Locking
Press the top of the switch to unlock all doors and
liftgate, if equipped. Press the bottom of the switch to
lock all doors and liftgate, if equipped.
The rear doors do not have power door lock switches.
Rear seat passengers must use the manual lock
knob on their doors.
This feature allows the driver to delay the locking of the
vehicle. It will not operate with the key in the ignition.
See Lockout Protection on page 2-13.
Press the driver’s power door lock switch or the remote
keyless entry transmitter lock button once. With the
key removed from the ignition and the driver’s
door open, the following will occur:
• Three chimes will sound to signal the delay.
• All doors will lock and the turn signals will flash
once five seconds after the last door has been
closed.
• The horn will chirp if the horn chirp feature is
enabled. See DIC Operation and Displays on
page 3-47.
2-12
If a door is opened before the five seconds has elapsed,
the doors will not lock until five seconds after all
doors are closed.
If the power door lock switch or the transmitter lock
button is pressed twice when leaving the vehicle, the
doors will lock immediately.
If the power door unlock switch or the transmitter unlock
button is pressed, the doors will unlock immediately
and not lock automatically after the doors are closed.
This feature is turned on at the factory but may be
turned off through the Driver Information Center (DIC).
Programmable Automatic Door
Locks
Your vehicle is programmed at the factory to lock all
doors automatically when the following are met:
• all doors are closed
• the ignition is on
• the shift lever is moved out of PARK (P).
This feature cannot be disabled.
When the shift lever is moved back to PARK (P), all
doors will unlock.
If someone needs to exit the vehicle once the doors are
locked, have that person use the manual lock knob
or power door unlock switch.
The power door lock and unlock functions can be
programmed through prompts displayed on the Driver
Information Center (DIC). These prompts allow you
to choose various lock and unlock settings. See
DIC Operation and Displays on page 3-47.
Lockout Protection
This feature prevents the driver’s door from being
locked using the power door locks, if the key is left in
the ignition and a door is open.
Pressing the power door lock switch will lock all the
doors and then unlock the driver’s door.
Pressing and holding the power door lock switch for
more than three seconds will override this feature.
If you remove the key from the ignition, or if you use the
manual door lock or the remote keyless entry
transmitter, you could still lock your key inside your
vehicle. Always remember to take your key with you.
2-13
Trunk (Sedan)
To unlock the trunk from the outside, use the key or the
remote keyless entry transmitter. When closing the
trunk, close from the center to ensure it fully latches.
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You cannot see or
smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness and
even death. If you must drive with the trunk lid
open or if electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the trunk lid:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-32.
2-14
Remote Trunk/Liftgate Release
Press the remote release
button, located on the
lower edge of the driver’s
door, to open the trunk
lid or the liftgate.
You can open the trunk lid on the sedan while the
vehicle is stationary.
You can open the liftgate on the MAXX only while the
vehicle is in PARK (P).
Emergency Trunk Release Handle
There is a glow-in-the-dark emergency trunk release
handle located inside the trunk of the sedan model on
the trunk latch. This handle will glow following
exposure to light. Pull the release handle up to open the
trunk from the inside.
Liftgate (MAXX)
To open the liftgate, press the trunk/liftgate button on
the remote keyless entry transmitter or the remote
trunk/liftgate release button located on the lower edge of
the driver’s door. See “Remote Trunk/Liftgate Release”
under Trunk (Sedan) on page 2-14.
If the liftgate is unlocked, you can manually open it by
pressing the touchpad switch located on the underside
of the liftgate trim panel, slightly to the right of center.
Notice: Do not use the emergency trunk release
handle as a tie-down or anchor point when securing
items in the trunk as it could damage the handle.
The emergency trunk release handle is only
intended to aid a person trapped in a latched trunk,
enabling them to open the trunk from the inside.
2-15
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a
vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by the extreme heat
and suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Never leave a child, a
helpless adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle,
especially with the windows closed in warm or
hot weather.
2-16
Window Lockout
Power Windows
The power window
switches are located on
the armrest on the driver’s
door. In addition, each
passenger door has
a switch for its own
window.
The driver’s power window controls also include a
lockout button.
o (Window Lockout): Press the lockout button to
stop the rear passengers from using their window
switches. The driver and front passenger can still
operate all the windows with the lock on. When the
red part of the switch is visible you have returned
to normal window operation.
Sun Visors
Express-Down Window
The driver’s window also has an express-down feature.
This switch is labeled AUTO. Press the front of the
switch part way, and the driver’s window will open a
small amount. If the front of the switch is pressed all the
way down and released, the window will go all the
way down automatically.
To stop the window while it is lowering, pull the front of
the switch momentarily. To raise the window, pull
and hold the front of the switch.
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also remove them from the center mount and swing
them to the side, to block out glare from the side. The
visors also have extenders that can be pulled out.
Your vehicle may have lighted visor vanity mirrors
located on the passenger and driver’s side visor. When
you lift the cover, the light will turn on.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal.
2-17
Content Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle may have a
content theft-deterrent
alarm system.
If you press the lock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter a second time while all the doors and
liftgate are closed, the system will arm immediately. The
system will still arm in sixty seconds if a door or
liftgate is open. When the opened door or liftgate is
closed, it will also become armed.
The security light, located on the instrument panel
cluster, will turn on to indicate that arming has been
initiated. Once the system is armed, the security light will
flash once every three seconds.
Arming the System
If the security light is flashing twice per second, this
means that a door or the liftgate is open.
With the ignition off, you can arm the system by doing
any one of the following:
If you do not want to arm the system, you may lock the
car with the lock levers on the doors.
• Press the remote keyless entry transmitter lock
button.
• Press the power door lock switch while the driver’s
door is open.
• Turn the driver’s door key lock cylinder clockwise.
The system will arm either:
• Thirty seconds after all the doors and the liftgate
(MAXX) are closed or,
• Sixty seconds with any door open
2-18
Disarming the System
You can disarm the system by doing any one of the
following:
• Press the remote keyless entry transmitter unlock
button.
• Turn the ignition on.
• Turn the driver’s door key lock cylinder
counterclockwise.
Once the system is disarmed, the security light will stop
flashing.
How the System Alarm is Activated
How to Detect a Tamper Condition
If the system is armed, it can be activated by either:
If you hear three chirps when you press the unlock or
lock buttons on the remote keyless entry transmitter,
it means that the content theft security system
alarm was triggered previously.
• Opening the driver’s door or liftgate (MAXX model).
This will cause a ten second pre-alarm chirp
followed by a thirty second full alarm of horn and
lights.
• Opening any other door. This will immediately
cause a full alarm of horn and lights for
thirty seconds.
When an alarm event has finished, the system will
re-arm itself automatically.
How to Turn Off the System Alarm
To turn off the system alarm, do one of the following:
• Press the lock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter. The system will then re-arm itself.
• Press the unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter. This will also disarm the system.
• Insert the key in the driver’s door key lock cylinder
and turn it counterclockwise. This will also disarm
the system.
• Insert the key in the ignition and turn it on. This will
also disarm the system.
PASS-Key® III+
The PASS-Key® III+ system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key® III+ uses a radio frequency transponder in
the key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
2-19
PASS-Key® III+ Operation
Your vehicle is equipped with PASS-Key® III+
(Personalized Automotive Security System)
theft-deterrent system. PASS-Key® III+ is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This means you don’t have to do
anything special to arm or disarm the system. It works
when you insert or remove the key from the ignition.
When the PASS-Key® III+ system senses that someone
is using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s
starter and fuel systems. The starter will not work and
fuel will stop flowing to the engine. Anyone using a
trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
When trying to start the vehicle if the engine does not
start and the security light comes on, the key may have a
damaged transponder. Turn the ignition off and try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the fuse, see Fuses
on page 5-83. If the engine still does not start with the
other key, your vehicle needs service. If your vehicle
does start, the first key may be faulty.
2-20
See your dealer who can service the PASS-Key® III+ to
have a new key made. In an emergency, contact
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 7-6 for more information.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III+ decoder to
“learn” the transponder value of a new or replacement
key. Up to 10 additional keys may be programmed
for the vehicle. The following procedure is for
programming additional keys only. If all the currently
programmed keys are lost or do not operate, you must
see your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to have keys made and programmed to
the system.
See your GM dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to get a new key blank that is cut
exactly as the ignition key that operates the system.
To program the new key do the following:
1. Verify that the new key has “+” stamped on it.
2. Insert the already programmed key in the ignition
and start the engine. If the engine will not start,
see your dealer for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to off, and
remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to on
within five seconds of removing the original key.
5. The security light will turn off once the key has
been programmed. It may not be apparent that
the security light went on due to how quickly the key
is programmed.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 5 if additional keys are to
be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the security light comes on
and stays on, you may be able to restart your engine if
you turn it off. Your PASS-Key® III+ system, however,
is not working properly and must be serviced by
your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the
PASS-Key® III+ system at this time.
If you lose or damage your PASS-Key® III+ key, see
your GM dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to have a new key made.
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
break-in. But it will perform better in the long run if
you follow these guidelines:
• Do not drive at any one speed, fast or slow, for
the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not make
full-throttle starts.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new
brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops
with new linings can mean premature wear
and earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake
linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See Towing
a Trailer on page 4-38 for more information.
2-21
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition
switch, you can turn it to
four different positions.
Use this position if your vehicle must be pushed or
towed, but never try to push-start your vehicle.
See Recreational Vehicle Towing on page 4-35.
R (ON): This position unlocks the ignition. It is also the
position to where the key returns after you start the
engine and release the switch. The switch will stay in
this position while the engine is running. But even while
the engine is not running, you can use ON to operate
your electrical accessories, and to display some
instrument panel warning lights.
/ (START): This position starts the engine. When the
engine starts, release the key. The ignition switch will
return to the ON position for normal driving.
Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the
ignition switch could cause damage or break the
key. Use the correct key and turn the key only with
your hand. Make sure the key is in all the way. If
none of this works, then your vehicle needs service.
9 (OFF): This is the only position from which you
can remove the key. It also locks your ignition and
transaxle. A warning chime will sound if you open the
driver’s door while the ignition is off and the key is left in
the ignition.
ACC (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use things
like the radio and windshield wipers while the engine
is not running.
2-22
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Your vehicle is equipped with a Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) feature which will allow the radio to
continue to work up to 10 minutes after the ignition is
turned to OFF.
Your radio will work when the ignition key is in ON or
ACC. Once the key is turned from ON to OFF, the radio
will continue to work for up to 10 minutes or until the
driver’s door is opened.
Your vehicle’s sunroof and heated seats, if equipped,
and the power windows also work this way. They
will turn off after 10 minutes or if any door is opened.
Starting the Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine will not start in any other position — that is
a safety feature. To restart when you are already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Shifting into PARK (P) with the vehicle
moving could damage the transaxle. Shift into
PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine gets warm.
2. If your engine will not start, or starts but then stops,
it could be flooded with too much gasoline. Try
pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key
in START for not more than 15 seconds at a time.
This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly. Any resulting damage
would not be covered by your vehicle’s warranty.
Notice: Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining
your battery or damaging your starter.
2-23
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal
To use your adjustable throttle and brake pedal feature,
do the following:
If your vehicle has this feature, you can change the
position of the throttle and brake pedals. This feature is
designed for shorter drivers, since the pedals cannot
move farther away from the standard position, but can
move rearward for better pedal reach.
The adjustable pedal feature is meant to be used with
the adjustable seat and adjustable steering wheel
controls to reach a safe and comfortable position.
The vehicle must be in PARK (P) or have the ignition off
for this feature to operate. If the system senses unusually
high resistance while the pedals are being adjusted, such
as a driver’s foot pushing the brake pedal, it is designed
to disable the switch. Simply remove the obstruction and
try to adjust the pedals again.
The switch used to adjust
the pedals is located on
the left side of the
instrument panel.
2-24
1. Adjust your seat to a comfortable position where
you can comfortably reach other controls such as
the radio and climate controls.
2. Adjust the throttle and brake pedals to reach a
comfortable and safe operating position.
3. Adjust the steering wheel to a safe operating
position.
Engine Coolant Heater
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater, if your vehicle has this feature, can
help. You will get easier starting and lower fuel usage
during engine warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater
should be plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to
starting your vehicle. At temperatures above 32°F (0°C),
use of the coolant heater is not required. Your vehicle
may also have an internal thermostat in the plug end of
the cord. This will prevent operation of the engine
coolant heater when the temperature is at or above 0°F
(−18°C) as noted on the cord.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. On
the 2.2L engine, the engine coolant heater cord is
located near the air cleaner box on the passenger’s
side of the engine compartment. On the 3.5L and
3.9L V6 engines, the engine coolant heater
cord is located on the driver’s side around the
battery box. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
{CAUTION:
3. Plug the cord into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC
outlet.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you do not, it could be
damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you will be parking
your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice
for that particular area.
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will
not reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
2-25
Automatic Transaxle Operation
(Base Model)
Your automatic transaxle
has a shift lever located
on the console between
the seats.
PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels. It is
the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle cannot move easily.
2-26
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle will not move, even when
you are on fairly level ground, always set your
parking brake and move the shift lever to
PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 2-29. If you are pulling a trailer, see
Towing a Trailer on page 4-38.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system. You have to apply
your regular brake before you can shift from PARK (P). If
you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the
shift lever, then push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then move
the shift lever into the gear you wish. (Press the shift lever
button before moving the shift lever.) See Shifting Out of
Park (P) on page 2-31 later in this section.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see If
Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
on page 4-28.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does not
connect with the wheels. To restart when you are
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless
your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
lose control and hit people or objects. Do not
shift into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
while the engine is running at high speed may
damage the transaxle. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Be sure the engine is not
running at high speeds when shifting your vehicle.
2-27
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. If you
need more power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than 35 mph (56 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
Shifting down to the next gear provides more engine
braking but lower fuel economy.
Notice: If your vehicle seems to start up rather
slowly or not shift gears when you go faster, and
you continue to drive your vehicle that way, you
could damage the transaxle. Have your vehicle
serviced right away. You can drive in LOW (L2) when
you are driving less than 35 mph (56 km/h) and
DRIVE (D) for higher speeds until then.
LOW (L): This position gives you access to FOURTH,
THIRD, SECOND and FIRST gears. This provides
more engine braking but lower fuel economy than
DRIVE (D). You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep
snow or mud. If the electronic range select is put in
LOW (L), the transaxle will not shift into lower gears until
the vehicle is going slow enough.
2-28
Electronic Range Select Mode
This feature allows you to select lower driving gears
when the shift lever is in LOW (L). The button for
this mode is located on the left side of the shift
lever knob.
When the shift lever is first moved into the LOW (L)
position, the display in the instrument panel shows L3.
Press the (−) end of the button on the shift lever
once for L2 and once more for L1. Press the (+) end of
the button once each to return to L2, L3 and L4. The
shift lever must be moved back to DRIVE (D) to turn off
the electronic range select mode.
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake, push down the parking brake
pedal with your left foot. If the ignition is on, the
brake system warning light will come on. See Brake
System Warning Light on page 3-37.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot. Push down momentarily
on the parking brake pedal with your left foot until you
feel the pedal release. If the parking brake is not
released when you begin to drive, the brake system
warning light will be on and a chime will sound warning
you that the parking brake is still on.
A message will also appear in the Driver Information
Center (DIC) to remind you to release the parking brake.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-52.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill, see
Towing a Trailer on page 4-38.
Shifting Into Park (P)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. If you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will
not move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, use the steps that follow. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-38.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by holding in the
button on the shift lever and pushing the shift lever
all the way toward the front of the vehicle.
3. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-29
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After you
have moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move
the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pushing
the button.
If you can, it means that the shift lever was not fully
locked in PARK (P).
2-30
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P)
on page 2-29.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push your vehicle a little uphill to take some of
the pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle,
so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of Park (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to apply your regular brake
before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is
in ON. See Automatic Transaxle Operation (Base
Model) on page 2-26.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you wish. Press
the shift lever button before moving the shift lever.
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
2-31
Engine Exhaust
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you cannot see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your
vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-32
Running the Engine While Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier caution under
Engine Exhaust on page 2-32.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the climate control fan is at the highest setting.
One place this can happen is a garage.
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 4-24.
Mirrors
{CAUTION:
Manual Rearview Mirror
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle will not move, even when
you are on fairly level ground, always set your
parking brake and move the shift lever to
PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not
move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-29.
If you are parking on a hill and if you are pulling a
trailer, also see Towing a Trailer on page 4-38.
This mirror can be adjusted two ways. First, to adjust
the angle of the mirror, move the mirror to a position that
allows you to see out of the back window. To adjust
the height of the mirror, adjust the arm that connects the
mirror to the windshield.
To reduce glare from lights behind you, move the lever
toward you to the night position.
Manual Rearview Mirror with
OnStar®
If your vehicle has this feature, this mirror has a knob
located at the bottom of the mirror. It is used to change
the mirror from day to night position. To reduce glare
from headlamps behind you while driving at night, rotate
the knob clockwise. For daytime driving rotate the
knob counterclockwise.
There are also three OnStar® buttons located at the
bottom of the mirror face. See your dealer for more
information on the system and how to subscribe
to OnStar®. See OnStar® System on page 2-38 for
more information about the services OnStar® provides.
2-33
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® and Compass
Your vehicle may have an automatic dimming rearview
mirror with a compass and OnStar® controls. For
more information about OnStar®, see OnStar® System
on page 2-38.
The automatic dimming feature turns on each time the
vehicle is started. To turn automatic dimming off or
on, press the left button below the mirror. A green
indicator light will be on when automatic dimming is on.
There are also three OnStar® buttons located at the
bottom of the mirror. See your dealer for more
information on the system and how to subscribe to
OnStar®. See OnStar® System on page 2-38 for more
information about the service OnStar® provides.
Compass Operation
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass on
or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on,
the compass will show two character boxes for a
few seconds. After a few seconds, the mirror will
display the current compass direction.
2-34
Compass Calibration
If after a few seconds the display does not show a
compass direction, (N for North for example), there may
be a strong magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a magnetic
antenna mount, note pad holder, or similar object. If the
letter C appears in the compass window, the compass
may need to be reset or calibrated.
The mirror can be calibrated by driving the vehicle in
circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display reads a
direction.
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between earth’s
magnetic north and true geographic north. If the mirror
is not adjusted for compass variance, the compass
could give false readings.
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to
compensate for compass variance if the vehicle is
driven outside zone eight. Under certain circumstances,
such as a long distance, cross-country trip, it will be
necessary to adjust the compass variance.
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone
number on the zone map that follows.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a zone
number appears on the display.
3. Once the zone number appears on the display,
press the on/off button quickly until you reach the
correct zone number. If C appears in the compass
window, the compass may need calibration. See
“Compass Calibration” listed previously.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with Compass
Your vehicle may have an automatic dimming rearview
mirror with a compass. This feature enables the mirror to
sense nighttime glare from vehicle headlamps from
behind and automatically dim to reduce the glare to a
safe level.
The automatic dimming feature turns on each time the
vehicle is started. Press the OFF button once and
the green indicator light located to the left of the button
will go out indicating the feature is off. To turn the
feature back on, press and release the AUTO button
and the green indicator light will come on.
2-35
Compass Operation
Compass Variance
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass on
or off.
Compass variance is the difference between earth’s
magnetic north and true geographic north. If the mirror
is not adjusted for compass variance, the compass
could give false readings.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on,
the compass will show two character boxes for a
few seconds. After a few seconds, the mirror will
display the current compass direction.
Compass Calibration
If after a few seconds the display does not show a
compass direction, (N for North for example), there may
be a strong magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a magnetic
antenna mount, note pad holder, or similar object. If the
letter C appears in the compass window, the compass
may need to be reset or calibrated.
The mirror can be calibrated by driving the vehicle in
circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display reads a
direction.
2-36
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to
compensate for compass variance if the vehicle is
driven outside zone eight. Under certain circumstances,
such as a long distance, cross-country trip, it will be
necessary to adjust the compass variance.
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone
number on the zone map that follows.
Outside Power Mirrors
The controls for the
outside power mirrors, are
located on the driver’s
door armrest.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a zone
number appears on the display.
Move the selector switch located below the four-way
control pad to the left or right to choose either the driver’s
side or passenger’s side mirror. To adjust a mirror, use
the arrows located on the four-way control pad to move
the mirror in the desired direction. Adjust each outside
mirror so that a little of the vehicle and the area behind it
can be seen while sitting in a comfortable driving position.
Keep the selector switch in the center position when not
adjusting either outside mirror.
3. Once the zone number appears on the display,
press the on/off button quickly until you reach the
correct zone number. If C appears in the compass
window, the compass may need calibration. See
“Compass Calibration” listed previously.
Both mirrors can manually be folded by pulling them
toward the vehicle. This feature may be useful
when going through a car wash or a confined space.
Push the mirrors away from the vehicle, to the normal
position, before driving.
2-37
Outside Power Heated Mirrors
OnStar® System
If the vehicle has this feature, when the rear window
defogger is turned on, the heated driver’s and
passenger’s outside power mirrors are warmed to help
clear them of ice, snow and condensation. See
“Rear Window Defogger” under Climate Control System
on page 3-21 for more information. Also see Outside
Power Mirrors on page 2-37 for mirror operation.
OnStar® uses global positioning system (GPS) satellite
technology, wireless communications, and call centers
to provide you with a wide range of safety, security,
information, and convenience services.
Outside Convex Mirror
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
The passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so more can be seen from the
driver’s seat. It also makes things, like other vehicles,
look farther away than they really are.
2-38
A complete OnStar® user’s guide and the terms and
conditions of the OnStar® Subscription Service
Agreement are included in the vehicle’s glove box
literature. For more information, visit www.onstar.com or
www.onstarcanada.com. Contact OnStar® at
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827), or press the
OnStar® button to speak to an OnStar® advisor 24 hours
a day, 7 days a week.
Terms and conditions of the Subscription Service
Agreement can be found at www.onstar.com or
www.onstarcanada.com.
OnStar® Services
For new vehicles equipped with OnStar®, the Safe and
Sound Plan is included for the first year. You can
extend this plan beyond the first year, or upgrade to the
Directions and Connections Plan to meet your needs.
For more information, press the OnStar® button to speak
with an advisor.
Safe and Sound Plan
• Advanced Automatic Collision Notification
• Automatic Notification of Airbag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Tracking
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock/Vehicle Alert
• Remote Diagnostics
• Online Concierge
Directions and Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan Services
• Driving Directions
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
OnStar® Personal Calling
As an OnStar® subscriber, the Personal Calling
capability is an available hands-free wireless phone that
is integrated into the vehicle. Calls can be placed
nationwide using simple voice commands with no
additional contracts and no additional roaming charges.
To find out more about OnStar® Personal Calling,
refer to the OnStar® user’s guide in the vehicle’s glove
box or visit www.onstar.com or www.onstarcanada.com;
or speak with an OnStar® advisor by pressing the
OnStar® button or by calling 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827).
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
Virtual Advisor is a feature of OnStar® Personal Calling
that uses minutes to access up-to-date weather and
traffic reports for your area, news and sports updates,
stock quotes, entertainment and more. Customize
your information profile at www.myonstar.com. See the
OnStar® user’s guide for more information.
2-39
HomeLink® Wireless Control
System
If your vehicle is equipped with the HomeLink®
transmitter, it complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
HomeLink, a combined universal transmitter and
receiver, provides a way to replace up to three
hand−held transmitters used to activate devices such as
gate operators, garage door openers, entry door
locks, security systems and home lighting. Additional
HomeLink information can be found on the Internet
at www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.
2-40
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization
to use this equipment.
HomeLink® Wireless Control
System Operation
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
Do not use the HomeLink® Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982. If you have a newer
garage door opener with rolling codes, please be
sure to follow Steps 6 through 8 to complete the
programming of your HomeLink® Transmitter.
Programming HomeLink®
Read the instructions completely before attempting to
program the HomeLink® Transmitter. Because of the
steps involved, it may be helpful to have another person
available to assist you in programming the transmitter.
Keep the original transmitter for use in other vehicles as
well as for future HomeLink® programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle,
the programmed HomeLink® buttons should be erased
for security purposes. Refer to “Erasing HomeLink®
Buttons” or, for assistance, contact HomeLink® on the
Internet at: www.homelink.com or by calling
1-800-355-3515.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door or gate operator you are programming. When
programming a garage door, it is advised to park outside
of the garage.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons,
releasing only when the indicator light begins to
flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold down the
buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not
repeat this step to program a second and/or third
transmitter to the remaining two HomeLink® buttons.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter about
1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the HomeLink®
buttons while keeping the indicator light in view.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the desired
button on HomeLink® and the hand-held transmitter
button. Do not release the buttons until Step 4
has been completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers may
require you to substitute Step 3 with the procedure
noted in “Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming” later in this section.
2-41
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then
rapidly after HomeLink® successfully receives the
frequency signal from the hand-held transmitter.
Release both buttons.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or “Smart”
button. The name and color of the button may
vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained HomeLink® button
and observe the indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on constantly,
programming is complete and your device should
activate when the HomeLink® button is pressed and
released.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of the
programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds
and then turns to a constant light, continue with
Steps 6 through 8 following to complete the
programming of a rolling-code equipped device
(most commonly, a garage door opener).
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the
programmed HomeLink® button for two seconds,
then release. Repeat the press/hold/release
sequence a second time, and depending on the
brand of the garage door opener (or other rolling
code device), repeat this sequence a third time
to complete the programming.
HomeLink® should now activate your rolling-code
equipped device.
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be found where
the hanging antenna wire is attached to the
motor-head unit.
2-42
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 of “Programming HomeLink®.” You do
not want to repeat Step 1, as this will erase all
previous programming.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to “time out” or quit after several seconds of
transmission. This may not be long enough for
HomeLink® to pick up the signal during programming.
Similarly, some U.S. gate operators are manufactured to
“time out” in the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator by using the
“Programming HomeLink® ” procedures (regardless of
where you live), replace Step 3 under “Programming
HomeLink® ” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the HomeLink® button while
you press and release every two seconds (cycle)
your hand-held transmitter until the frequency signal has
been successfully accepted by HomeLink®. The
indicator light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming HomeLink® ”
to complete.
®
Using HomeLink
Press and hold the appropriate HomeLink® button for at
least half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons
To erase programming from the three buttons do the
following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons until
the indicator light begins to flash, after 20 seconds.
Do not hold the two outside buttons for longer
than 30 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
HomeLink® is now in the train (learning) mode and can
be programmed at any time beginning with Step 2
under “Programming HomeLink® ” shown earlier in
this section.
Individual buttons cannot be erased, but they can be
reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a Single
HomeLink® Button” following this section.
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink®
Button
To program a device to HomeLink® using a HomeLink®
button previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink® button. Do
not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the HomeLink®
button, proceed with Step 2 under “Programming
HomeLink® ” shown earlier in this section.
2-43
Resetting Defaults
Cupholder(s)
®
To reset HomeLink to default settings do the following:
1. Hold down the two outside buttons for about
20 seconds until the indicator light begins to flash.
2. Continue to hold both buttons until the HomeLink®
indicator light turns off.
Pull down the door on the back of the center console to
use the rear seat cupholders.
Center Console Storage Area
3. Release both buttons.
®
For questions or comments, contact HomeLink at
1-800-355-3515, or on the Internet at
www.homelink.com.
Storage Areas
Glove Box
To open, pull the handle down and pull the glove box
door down until it stops and is fully open.
2-44
There is one cupholder located at the rear of the shift
lever and one is to the side of the shift lever.
There is a storage compartment in the center console
area. To open the lower compartment, pull up on
the release at the front edge of the armrest. Your vehicle
may have an accessory power outlet inside of the
storage area. See Accessory Power Outlet(s) on
page 3-20 for more information.
Map Pocket
Your vehicle may have storage pockets located on the
front edge of the seats, the door panels or the back
of the front seats.
Rear Compartment Storage
Panel/Cover (MAXX)
Your vehicle may be equipped with an adjustable
panel/cargo cover feature. The panel/cargo cover can
be adjusted into three positions.
To use the panel in the lower position, do the following:
1. Insert the front corners of the panel into the
lower guides.
2. Slide the panel forward.
3. Press down on the back of the panel to lock it
in place.
The panel can be used in this position if you need
additional space above the panel. Place the cargo on
top of the panel in this position.
{CAUTION:
If you were to carry things on the adjustable
panel when it is in the upper (cargo cover) or
center positions, during a sudden vehicle
movement or a crash, those things could be
thrown around in the vehicle. You or others
could be injured. When it is in the upper or
center position, always secure any cargo on
the floor beneath the panel/cover.
2-45
To use the panel in the center position, do the following:
1. Insert the front corners of the panel into the
middle guides.
2. Slide the panel forward.
3. Press down and pull rearward on the back of the
panel to lock it in place.
The panel can be used in this position when you have
to place a flat or spare tire in the rear cargo area.
To use the panel in the upper position, do the following:
1. Insert the front corners of the panel into the top
guides.
2. Slide the panel forward.
3. Press down and pull rearward on the back of the
panel to lock it in place.
This can be used as a cargo cover for the rear area.
The panel may be installed either carpet or plastic side
up. The panel may also be used as a table in this
position. See “Table” following for more information.
Table (MAXX)
Your vehicle will be equipped with an adjustable panel
that also functions as a table. The maximum load
for the table is 100 lbs distributed (45 kg).
To set up the table, do the following:
1. With the adjustable panel in the upper position
extend it out, with the plastic side up. The panel
will only extend in the upper position.
2. Rotate the knob to release the leg from the plastic
side of the table and rotate leg outward.
3. Set the table leg onto the liftgate lock striker at the
rear edge of the vehicle.
Make sure to place the table leg securely onto the
liftgate lock striker.
Notice: Driving with the panel extended into the
table position could damage your vehicle. Always
have the panel in the stored position while you
are driving.
Notice: Placing hot items on the surface of the
table could damage it. Always be sure that the items
that are placed on the surface of the table are of
moderate temperature.
There are four grocery hooks located on the table for
your convenience.
2-46
Sunroof
To fully open the sunroof, push the back edge of the
switch again and release it.
If the vehicle has a
sunroof, the switch to
operate it is located on the
overhead console
between the sun visors.
The sunroof will only
operate when the ignition
is in ACC or while
retained accessory
power (RAP) is active.
The sunroof can be opened to a vent position or it can
be express-opened all of the way.
To open the sunroof to the vent position, open the
sunshade by hand. Then push the back edge of the
sunroof switch and release it.
The vent and open positions can be adjusted for driving
comfort by pushing and holding the forward edge of
the switch until the sunroof moves to the desired
position.
To close the sunroof, push the forward edge of the
switch and hold it until the sunroof is closed. The sunroof
will stop if the switch is released during operation.
Remember to close the sunshade by hand.
The sunroof cannot be opened or closed if the vehicle
has an electrical failure.
Notice: If you force the sunshade forward of the
sliding glass panel, damage will occur and the
sunroof may not open or close properly. Always
close the glass panel before closing the sunshade.
2-47
✍ NOTES
2-48
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-6
Other Warning Devices ...................................3-6
Horn .............................................................3-6
Tilt Wheel .....................................................3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-7
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ........................3-8
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer ..................3-8
Flash-to-Pass .................................................3-8
Windshield Wipers ..........................................3-9
Windshield Washer .......................................3-10
Cruise Control ..............................................3-10
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-13
Headlamps on Reminder ................................3-16
Headlamps Off in PARK (P) ...........................3-16
Delayed Headlamps ......................................3-16
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) .......................3-16
Automatic Headlamp System ..........................3-17
Fog Lamps ..................................................3-18
Instrument Panel Brightness ...........................3-18
Dome Lamp .................................................3-18
Entry/Exit Lighting .........................................3-19
Front Reading Lamps ....................................3-19
Rear Reading Lamps ....................................3-19
Trunk Lamp .................................................3-19
Cargo Lamp .................................................3-19
Battery Run-Down Protection ..........................3-20
Accessory Power Outlet(s) .............................3-20
Climate Controls ............................................3-21
Climate Control System .................................3-21
Automatic Climate Control System ...................3-25
Outlet Adjustment .........................................3-29
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ............3-30
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-31
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-32
Trip Odometer ..............................................3-32
Tachometer .................................................3-32
Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................3-33
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder Light .............3-33
Airbag Readiness Light ..................................3-34
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ...................3-35
Charging System Light ..................................3-37
Brake System Warning Light ..........................3-37
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .............3-38
Enhanced Traction System Warning Light .........3-39
Enhanced Traction System Active Light ............3-39
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light ......3-40
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................3-40
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-41
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Oil Pressure Light .........................................3-44
Security Light ...............................................3-44
Cruise Control Light ......................................3-45
Highbeam On Light .......................................3-45
Service Vehicle Soon Light ............................3-45
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-46
Driver Information Center (DIC) .......................3-47
DIC Operation and Displays ...........................3-47
DIC Warnings and Messages .........................3-52
Audio System(s) .............................................3-54
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ..................................3-54
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) .........................................3-55
Radio with CD (Base Level) ...........................3-55
Radio with CD (Up Level) ..............................3-60
3-2
Radio with Cassette and CD ..........................3-71
Radio with Six-Disc CD .................................3-84
Rear Seat Entertainment System ....................3-99
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) (Without Rear
Seat Entertainment) .................................3-115
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) (With Entertainment
System) ..................................................3-117
Theft-Deterrent Feature ................................3-118
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ......................3-119
Radio Reception .........................................3-120
Care of the Cassette Tape Player .................3-120
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ........................3-121
Care of the CD and DVD Player ...................3-121
Fixed Mast Antenna (MAXX Only) .................3-122
Backglass Antenna (Sedan Only) ..................3-122
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ............3-122
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
The main components of your instrument panel are the following:
A. Side Window Outlets. See Climate Control System
on page 3-21.
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-7.
C. Steering Wheel Controls and Cruise Controls
(If Equipped). See Audio Steering Wheel Controls
on page 3-119 and Cruise Control on page 3-10.
D. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 3-31.
E. Windshield Wiper/Washer Lever. See Windshield
Wipers on page 3-9.
F. Ignition Switch. See Ignition Positions on page 2-22.
G. Hazard Warning Flasher. See Hazard Warning
Flashers on page 3-6.
H. Center Air Outlets. See Climate Control System on
page 3-21.
I. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on page 3-54.
J. Climate Control System. See Climate Control
System on page 3-21.
K. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 2-44.
L. Side Air Outlets. See Climate Control System
on page 3-21.
M. Adjustable Pedal Buttons (If Equipped). See
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal on page 2-24.
N. Instrument Panel Brightness Control. See Instrument
Panel Brightness on page 3-18.
O. Fog Lamps (If Equipped). See Fog Lamps on
page 3-18.
P. Hood Release. See Hood Release on page 5-11.
Q. Parking Brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-29.
R. Horn. See Horn on page 3-6.
S. Accessory Power Outlet. See Accessory Power
Outlet(s) on page 3-20.
T. Shift Lever. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-29.
U. Center Console Storage Compartment. See
Center Console Storage Area on page 2-44.
V. Traction Control Button (If Equipped). See Enhanced
Traction System (ETS) on page 4-8.
W. Rear Wiper/Washer Controls (If Equipped).
See Windshield Washer on page 3-10.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set them up
at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
The hazard warning
flasher button is located
in the center of the
instrument panel.
Horn
Press near or on the horn symbols on your steering
wheel pad to sound the horn.
Tilt Wheel
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key is not in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off. Press the button again
to turn the flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals will not work.
3-6
A tilt and telescope wheel allows you to adjust the
steering wheel before you drive. You can raise
the steering wheel to the highest level to give your
legs more room when you enter and exit the vehicle.
The lever that allows you to tilt and telescope the steering
wheel is located on the left side of the steering column.
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
• Turn and Lane-Change Signals. See Turn and
To tilt and telescope the wheel, pull down the lever. Then
move the wheel to a comfortable position, pull up the
lever to lock the wheel in place. The wheel can be
adjusted up and down as well as forward and backward.
Lane-Change Signals on page 3-8.
• Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer. See Headlamp
High/Low-Beam Changer on page 3-8.
• Flash-to-Pass. See Flash-to-Pass on page 3-8.
• Exterior Light Control. See Exterior Lamps on
page 3-13.
3-7
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and
two downward (for left) positions. These positions
allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or
down to the latched position. When the turn is finished,
the lever will return automatically.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you signal
a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and then check the
fuse. See Fuses on page 5-83.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low beam to high beam,
push the turn signal/multifunction lever away from you.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash
in the direction of the turn
or lane change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
A warning chime signal will come on if you have left
your turn signal on for more than 2/3 mile (1 km).
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows
flash rapidly, a signal bulb may be burned out and
other drivers won’t see your turn signal.
3-8
When the high beams are
on, a light on the
instrument panel cluster
also will be on if the
ignition is in ON.
To change the headlamps from high beam to low beam,
pull the turn signal lever toward you.
Flash-to-Pass
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps
momentarily to signal a driver in front of you that
you want to pass.
To use it, pull the turn signal/multifunction lever toward
you until the high-beam headlamps come on, then
release the lever to turn them off.
Windshield Wipers
x (Delay): When the lever is in the intermittent
position, turn the intermittent adjust band with this
symbol on it up or down to set for a shorter or longer
delay between wipes. To the left of the adjust band are
bars, increasing in size from bottom to top, that
indicate the frequency of the wipes. Smaller bars mean
the wipers movement is less frequent. Larger bars
mean the movement is more frequent.
6 (Low Speed): Move the lever up to the first
setting past intermittent, for steady wiping at low speed.
Use this lever, located on the right side of the steering
wheel, to operate the windshield wipers.
9(Off):
Move the lever to this position to turn off the
windshield wipers.
& (Intermittent; Speed Sensitive Wipers):
Move the
lever to this position for intermittent or speed sensitive
operation. When you select this position, the delay
will vary depending on the vehicles speed, as well as
the manually selected delay.
1 (High Speed): Move the lever up to the second
setting past intermittent, for wiping at high speed.
8 (Mist): Move the lever all the way down to this
position for a single wiping cycle. Hold it there until the
windshield wipers start; then let go. The windshield
wipers will stop after one wiping cycle. If you want
additional wiping cycles, hold the lever down longer.
Damaged wiper blades may prevent you from seeing
well enough to drive safely. To avoid damage, be sure
to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades before
using them.
3-9
If the wiper blades are frozen to the windshield, carefully
loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become damaged,
get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload. If the
motor gets stuck, turn the wipers off, clear away
the snow or ice, and then turn the wipers back on.
As an added safety feature, if the wipers are on for more
than 15 seconds, the vehicle’s headlamps will turn on
automatically. They will turn off 15 seconds after
the wipers are turned off.
Windshield Washer
To wash your windshield, push in the button at the
end of the stalk until the washers begin.
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
When you release the button, the washers will stop, but
the wipers will continue to wipe for about three cycles
and will either stop or will resume the speed you
were using before.
3-10
Cruise Control
If your vehicle has cruise control, you can maintain a
speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without
keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can really
help on long trips. Cruise control does not work at
speeds below 25 mph (40 km/h).
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
cannot drive safely at a steady speed. So, do
not use your cruise control on winding roads
or in heavy traffic.
Setting Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery
roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel spinning,
and you could lose control. Do not use cruise
control on slippery roads.
3-11
The cruise control buttons are located on the steering
wheel.
J (On/Off):
Press this button to turn the cruise
control system on and off.
+RES (Resume): Press this part of the button to
resume a set speed and to accelerate the speed.
−SET (Set): Press this part of the button to set a speed
and to decrease the speed.
To set a speed do the following:
1. Press the on/off button to turn cruise control on.
The indicator light on the button will come on.
2. Get to the speed you want.
3. Press the −SET part of the control button and
release it. The cruise symbol will display in the
instrument panel cluster to show the system
is engaged.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
3-12
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired
speed and then you apply the brake. This, of course,
disengages the cruise control. The cruise symbol in
the instrument panel cluster will also go out indicating
cruise is no longer engaged. To return to your
previously set speed, you do not need to go through
the set process again. Once you’re going about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more, you can press the +RES
part of the button briefly.
This will take you back up to your previously chosen
speed and stay there.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed.
• Disengage the cruise control but do not turn it off.
• If the cruise control system is already engaged, press
the +RES part of the button. Hold it there until you
get up to the speed you want, and then release the
button. To increase your speed in very small
amounts, press the +RES part of the button briefly
and then release it. Each time you do this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
If the cruise control system is already engaged,
• Push and hold the −SET part of the button until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, push the
−SET part of the button briefly. Each time you
do this, you’ll go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the
hills. When going up steep hills, you may have to
step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed.
When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift
to a lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course,
applying the brake takes you out of cruise control.
Many drivers find this to be too much trouble and don’t
use cruise control on steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to disengage the cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal; when cruise control
disengages, the cruise symbol in the instrument
panel cluster will go out.
• Press the on/off button, this will turn off the cruise
control system.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
3-13
Exterior Lamps
AUTO (Automatic Headlamp System): This position
automatically turns on the Daytime Running Lamps
during daytime, and the headlamps, parking lamps,
and taillamps at night.
P (Off/On): This position is the momentary Off/On
switch for the Automatic Headlamp System. In Canada,
this only works when the vehicle is in PARK (P).
The lever on the left side of the steering column
operates the exterior lamps.
The exterior lamp switch has the following four positions:
2 (Headlamps): This position turns on the
headlamps, parking lamps, and taillamps.
; (Parking Lamps):
This position turns on the
parking lamps and taillamps only.
3-14
When operating in AUTO, a momentary turn of the
switch to off/on will turn off the Automatic Headlamp
System. Rotating the switch to off/on again will turn
the Automatic Headlamp System back on. The
Automatic Headlamp System is always turned on
at the beginning of an ignition cycle.
The following charts show the condition of the vehicle’s exterior lamps when the transmission is not in PARK (P) and the
switch is moved to each position:
United States Exterior Lamp Positions for Daytime
Lamps
Headlamp
Parking Lamp
DRL/Turn
Signal Lamp
Taillamp
P
;
AUTO
2
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
United States Exterior Lamp Positions for Nighttime
Lamps
Headlamp
Parking Lamp
DRL/Turn
Signal Lamp
Taillamp
AUTO
P
;
2
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
Canadian Exterior Lamp Positions for Daytime
P
Lamps
;
AUTO
2
Headlamp
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
Parking Lamp
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
DRL/Turn
Signal Lamp
ON
ON
ON
OFF
Taillamp
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
3-15
Canadian Exterior Lamp Positions for Nighttime
Lamps
AUTO
P
;
2
Headlamp
ON
ON
ON
ON
Parking Lamp
ON
ON
ON
ON
DRL/Turn
Signal Lamp
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
Taillamp
ON
ON
ON
ON
Headlamps on Reminder
Delayed Headlamps
If you open the driver’s door and turn off the ignition while
leaving the lamps on, you will hear a warning chime.
The delayed headlamps feature will continue to illuminate
the headlamps for 20 seconds after the key is turned
to off at night. Then the headlamps will automatically
turn off.
Headlamps Off in PARK (P)
This feature works when the ignition is on and it is dark
outside. To turn the headlamps off when it is dark outside
but keep other exterior lights on, turn the exterior lamp
control to the parking lamp position. In this position, the
parking lamps, sidemarker lamps, taillamps, license plate
lamps and instrument panel lights will be on, but the
headlamps will be off.
To turn on the headlamps along with the other lamps
when it is dark outside, turn the exterior lamp control to
the AUTO or headlamp position.
This feature will work for Canadian vehicles if the vehicle
is in PARK (P).
3-16
To override the 20 second delayed headlamp feature
while it is active turn the switch at the end of the
turn signal/multifunction lever to the off/on position.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day. DRL
can be helpful in many different driving conditions, but
they can be especially helpful in the short periods after
dawn and before sunset. Fully functional daytime running
lamps are required on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make both front turn signal lamps
turn on when the following conditions are met:
• The ignition is on.
• The exterior lamp control is turned to AUTO. In
addition, Canadian vehicles DRL will also turn
on if you have turned on your parking lamps.
• The light sensor detects daytime light.
• The shift lever is not in PARK (P).
While the DRL system is on, the taillamps, sidemarker
lamps, and instrument panel lights will not be
illuminated.
Automatic Headlamp System
When it is dark enough outside, your automatic system
will turn on your headlamps at the normal brightness
along with other lamps such as the taillamps, sidemarker,
parking lamps, instrument panel lights, and interior switch
backlighting.
Your vehicle has a light sensor on top of the instrument
panel. Make sure it is not covered, or the headlamps
may remain on when you do not need them.
The system may also be on when driving through a
parking garage, heavy overcast weather or a tunnel.
This is normal.
The DRL system will be off any time your vehicle is
in PARK (P). The DRL system on U.S. vehicles can also
be turned off by using the off/on switch for one ignition
cycle.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
3-17
There is a delay in the transition between the daytime
and nighttime operation of the automatic lamp control
system so that driving under bridges or bright overhead
street lights does not affect the system. The automatic
lamp control system will only be affected when the
light sensor sees a change in lighting lasting longer
than this delay.
If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the automatic
lamp system will come on immediately. Once you
leave the garage, it will take about one minute for
the automatic lamp system to change to DRL if it is light
outside. During that delay, your instrument panel
cluster may not be as bright as usual. Make sure
your instrument panel brightness control is in the full
bright position. See Instrument Panel Brightness
on page 3-19.
To idle your vehicle with the system off, turn the
ignition on and rotate the exterior light switch to the
off/on position. For Canadian vehicles, the transaxle
must stay in PARK (P) for this function.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamps when you need them.
3-18
Fog Lamps
If your vehicle has this
feature, the button for the
fog lamps is located on
the instrument panel, to the
left of the steering wheel.
If your vehicle has fog lamps, the ignition must be on.
Push the button to turn the fog lamps on. An indicator
light in the button will glow when the fog lamps are
on. Push the button again to turn the fog lamps off.
The fog lamps will turn off while the high-beam
headlamps are turned on.
Some localities have laws that require the headlamps
to be on along with the fog lamps.
Instrument Panel Brightness
The control for this
feature is located on the
instrument panel to the
right of the steering wheel.
Entry/Exit Lighting
When you open any door, the lamps inside of your
vehicle will go on. These lamps will fade out 20 seconds
after the last door is closed, or when the ignition is
turned on after all doors have been closed. These lamps
will also go on when you press the trunk release
button, the unlock button or the panic button on the
remote keyless entry transmitter.
The lamps inside of your vehicle will turn on for about
10 seconds after your key is removed from the ignition
to provide an illuminated exit.
Turn the knob clockwise to brighten the lights or
counterclockwise to dim them.
Dome Lamp
The switch on this lamp has three positions. The on
position will turn on the lamp anytime. The door position
will turn on the lamp whenever a door is opened. The
off position will shut off the lamp completely, even while
a door is opened. Your dome lamp may be equipped
with two rear reading lamps. See Rear Reading Lamps
on page 3-20.
Front Reading Lamps
Push the lens to turn the reading lamps on and off.
The reading lamps will turn on when the door is open
if the dome lamp is in the door position. The reading
lamps will also turn on with the dome lamp switch in
the on position. The lamps will not turn on if the door
is open and the dome lamp is in the off position.
3-19
Rear Reading Lamps
Battery Run-Down Protection
The vehicle’s dome lamp may have two reading lamps.
The reading lamps turn on and off by pushing on
the lens.
Your vehicle has a battery run-down protection feature
designed to protect your vehicle’s battery.
Trunk Lamp
The trunk lamp comes on when you open your trunk.
Cargo Lamp
If your vehicle is the MAXX model, it has a cargo lamp.
The cargo lamp comes on when the liftgate is opened.
If you want to leave the liftgate open you can turn off
the cargo lamp by pushing on the lens.
When any interior lamp (trunk, reading, or visor vanity)
is left on while the ignition is turned off, the battery
run-down protection system will automatically shut the
lamp(s) off after 20 minutes. This will avoid draining
the battery.
To reactivate the interior lamps, do one of the following:
•
•
•
•
Turn on the ignition.
Turn the exterior lamp control off and then on.
Open a door.
Press any remote keyless entry transmitter button
(if equipped).
• Press the remote trunk release button.
• Press the power door lock switch.
The battery run-down feature will also be activated
when any door on the vehicle is left open and the
ignition is in OFF.
3-20
Accessory Power Outlet(s)
With accessory power outlets you can plug in auxiliary
electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone.
For vehicles with Traction Control system, the accessory
power outlets are located on the front of the center
console storage area and also inside the console
storage compartment. The compartment has notches
that allow power cords to be routed outside of the
console while the lid is closed. On vehicles without
Traction Control, both outlets are located on the front
of the center console storage area. There is also
an outlet in the rear cargo area of the MAXX.
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn
off electrical equipment when not in use and do
not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum
amperage rating.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Do not use equipment
exceeding maximum amperage rating. Check
with your dealer before adding electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow
the proper installation instructions included with
the equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can
cause damage not covered by your warranty.
Do not hang any type of accessory or accessory
bracket from the plug because the power outlets
are designed for accessory power plugs only.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience
a problem see your dealer for additional information
on accessory power outlets.
3-21
Climate Controls
Climate Control System
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation for your vehicle. If your vehicle has
the remote start feature, the climate control system will
function as part of the remote start feature. The
system will return to the last settings the vehicle was at
when it was turned off.
Operation
9 (Fan):
Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.
The fan must be on to run the air-conditioning
compressor.
To change the air delivery settings, turn the right knob
to select one of the following:
H (Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level):
This mode directs half of the air to the
instrument panel outlets, and the remaining air to
the floor outlets. Some air may be directed toward the
side windows.
3-22
6 (Floor):
This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets with some air directed to the side window
outlets.
: (Outside Air): Press the right side of this button
to turn the outside air mode on. When this mode is
selected, air from outside the vehicle will circulate
throughout your vehicle. When the button is pressed,
an indicator light will come on to let you know that
it is activated. The outside air mode can be used
with all modes, but it cannot be used with the
recirculation mode. Pressing this button will cancel
the recirculation mode.
? (Recirculation): Press the left side of the button
to turn the recirculation mode on. When recirculation
mode is selected, the air inside the vehicle will be
recirculated through the climate control system and
the vehicle, not from outside your vehicle. This mode
is helpful when you are trying to limit odors from
entering your vehicle and for maximum air conditioning
performance in hot weather. When the button is
pressed, an indicator light above the button will come
on to let you know that it is activated. The recirculation
indicator light will blink three times if you try to use
recirculation in a mode that it can not be used in.
Only use this mode when it is needed for comfort,
since window fogging will rapidly occur if the air
conditioning compressor is not engaged.
Pressing this button will cancel the outside air mode.
When you switch to the defog or defrost modes
the system will automatically move from recirculation
to outside air. When you move the mode knob back
to another air delivery mode, the system will move back
into recirculation. When the vehicle or fan is turned
off and back on, the system will default to outside air
automatically. Only use recirculation mode when it
is needed for comfort, since window fogging may occur.
3-23
Temperature Control: Turn the center knob clockwise
or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
temperature inside your vehicle.
When it’s cold outside 0°F (−18°C) or lower, use the
engine coolant heater, if equipped, to provide warmer air
faster to your vehicle. An engine coolant heater warms
the coolant that the engine uses to provide heat to
warm the inside of your vehicle. For more information,
see Engine Coolant Heater on page 2-24.
# (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn the air
conditioning system on or off. When the air conditioning
button is pressed, an indicator light will come on to
let you know that air conditioning is activated.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air
escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the
time it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also
helps the system to operate more efficiently.
3-24
For quick cool down on hot days, do the following:
1. Select the vent mode.
2. Select the highest fan speed.
3. Select air conditioning.
4. Select the recirculation mode.
5. Select the coolest temperature.
Using these settings together for long periods of time
may cause the air inside of your vehicle to become too
dry. To prevent this from happening, after the air in
your vehicle has cooled, turn the recirculation mode off.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from
the air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount
of water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity
(moisture) condensing on the cool window glass.
This can be minimized if the climate control system is
used properly. There are two modes to choose from
to clear fog or frost from your windshield. Use the
defog mode to clear the windows of fog or moisture
and warm the passengers. Use the defrost mode
to remove fog or frost from the windshield more quickly.
Turn the right knob to select the defog or defrost
mode.
- (Defog):
This mode splits the air between the
windshield and the floor outlets with a small amount
directed to the side windows. When you select this
mode, the system turns off recirculation automatically.
The air-conditioning compressor will run unless the
outside temperature is at or below freezing. The
air-conditioning compressor will operate although
the indicator light will not be on. The air-conditioning
indicator light will turn off when defog is selected.
If the air-conditioning button is pressed while in defog
mode, the indicator light will turn on. If the button is
pressed again, the light will turn off. The recirculation
mode cannot be selected while in the defog mode.
Do not drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
1 (Defrost): This mode directs most of the air to
the windshield with some air directed to the floor vents.
In this mode, the system will automatically force
outside air into your vehicle. The air-conditioning
compressor will run unless the outside temperature is
at or below freezing. The air-conditioning compressor
will operate although the indicator light will not be
on. The air-conditioning indicator light will turn off when
defrost is selected. If the air-conditioning button is
pressed while in defrost mode, the indicator light will
turn on. If the button is pressed again, the light will
turn off. Recirculation cannot be selected while in the
defrost mode.
To help clear the windshield quickly, do the following:
1. Select the defrost mode.
2. Select the highest temperature.
3. Select the highest fan speed.
3-25
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog or frost from the rear window.
< REAR:
Press this button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. An indicator light will come on to let
you know that the rear window defogger is activated.
Be sure to clear as much snow from the rear window
as possible.
If driving below 50 mph (80 km/h), the rear window
defogger will turn off about 15 minutes after the button
is pressed. If turned on again, the defogger will only
run for about seven minutes before turning off. The
defogger can also be turned off by pressing the button
again or by turning off the engine.
3-26
If your vehicle’s speed is maintained above 50 mph
(80 km/h), the rear window defogger will remain on
once the button is pressed.
If your vehicle has the remote start feature, the rear
defogger will automatically be turned on if it is cold
outside. The indicator light will be on. When the vehicle
transitions out of the remote start mode, the rear
defogger will turn off.
Notice: Do not use anything sharp on the inside of
the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage
the warming grid, and the repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Do not attach a temporary
vehicle license, tape, a decal or anything similar to
the defogger grid.
Automatic Climate Control System
If your vehicle has this system, you can automatically
control the heating, cooling and ventilation in your
vehicle.
Automatic Operation
AUTO (Automatic): Select AUTO on both the fan
speed control and the air delivery mode control knobs to
activate the automatic system. When automatic operation
is active the system will control the inside temperature
and air delivery.
Use the steps below to place the entire system in
automatic mode:
1. Place the fan knob and the mode knob to AUTO.
The display will now show the current set
temperature. When auto is selected, the air
conditioning operation and air inlet will be
automatically controlled. The air conditioning
compressor will run when the outside temperature
is over about 40°F (4°C). The air inlet will normally
be set to outside air. If it’s hot outside, the air
inlet may automatically switch to recirculate inside
air to help quickly cool down your vehicle.
2. Set the temperature.
To find your comfort setting, start with an initial
temperature setting and allow about 20 minutes
for the system to regulate. Press the up or
down arrow temperature buttons to adjust the
temperature setting as necessary. If you choose
the temperature setting of 60°F (15°C) the
system will remain at the maximum cooling setting.
If you choose the temperature setting of 90°F
(32°C) the system will remain at the maximum
heat setting. Choosing either maximum setting will
not cause the vehicle to heat or cool any faster.
Be careful not to cover the sensor located on the
top of the instrument panel near the windshield.
This sensor regulates air temperature based on
sun load, and also turns on your headlamps.
3-27
Also be careful not to cover the sensor grille on
the lower right side of the climate control faceplate.
This senses the inside vehicle temperature
needed for proper regulation.
To avoid blowing cold air at start-up in cold weather,
the system will delay turning on the fan until
warm air is available. The length of delay depends
on the engine coolant temperature. Turning the
fan knob will override this delay and change the
fan to a selected speed.
If your vehicle has the remote start feature, the climate
control display will initially show “AS” in place of the
temperature to indicate the remote start has been
activated. The system will automatically regulate the
temperature.
Manual Operation
You may manually adjust the air delivery mode or
fan speed.
9(Off):
Select this position on the fan knob to turn
off the entire climate control system. Outside air will
still enter the vehicle, and will be directed to the
floor. This direction can be changed by changing the
mode position. The temperature can also be adjusted
using either the up or down arrow temperature buttons.
9 (Fan):
The knob with the fan symbol allows you
to manually adjust the fan speed.
H (Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level):
This mode directs half of the air to
the instrument panel outlets, and the remaining air to
the floor outlets.
3-28
6 (Floor): This mode directs most of the air to the floor
outlets with some air directed to the side window outlets.
The right knob can also be used to select defog
or defrost modes. Information on defogging and
defrosting can be found later in this section.
: (Outside Air): Press the right side of this button
to turn the outside air mode on. When this mode is
selected, air from outside the vehicle will circulate
throughout your vehicle. When the button is pressed,
an indicator light will come on to let you know that it is
activated. The outside air mode can be used with all
modes, but it cannot be used with the recirculation mode.
Pressing this button will cancel the recirculation mode.
? (Recirculation): Press the left side of the button
to turn the recirculation mode on. When recirculation
mode is selected, the air inside the vehicle will be
recirculated through the climate control system and
the vehicle, not from outside your vehicle. This mode
is helpful when you are trying to limit odors from
entering your vehicle and for maximum air conditioning
performance in hot weather. When the button is
pressed, an indicator light above the button will come
on to let you know that it is activated. The recirculation
indicator light will blink three times if you try to use
recirculation in a mode that it can not be used in.
Only use this mode when it is needed for comfort,
since window fogging will rapidly occur if the air
conditioning compressor is not engaged.
Pressing this button cancels the auto recirculation
feature. Each time the vehicle is started, the system
will revert to the auto recirculation function.
If you select recirculation while in defrost, defog or
floor, the light on the button will flash three times and
go out to let you know this is not allowed. This is
to prevent window fogging.
When the weather is cool or damp, operating the system
in recirculation for extended periods of time may cause
fogging of the vehicle’s windows. To clear the fog, select
either defog or defrost. Make sure the air conditioning is
on. You will want to allow the air conditioning to run
automatically to help dehumidify the air.
Temperature Control: Press the up and down arrows to
increase or decrease the temperature inside the vehicle.
#(Air Conditioning):
Press this button to turn the air
conditioning compressor on and off. A light above the
button will illuminate when the air conditioning is on.
When air conditioning is selected or in AUTO mode,
the system will run the air conditioning automatically to
cool and dehumidify the air entering the vehicle.
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for
your vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows
closed for the air conditioner to work its best.
3-29
On cool, but sunny days while using manual operation
of the automatic system, use bi-level to deliver
warm air to the floor and cooler air to the instrument
panel outlets. To warm or cool the air delivered, press
the temperature buttons to the desired setting.
In AUTO mode the system will cool and dehumidify
the air inside the vehicle. Also while in AUTO mode,
the system will maximize its performance by using
recirculation as necessary.
0 (Defrost): Turn the mode knob to this position to
defrost the windshield. The system will automatically
control the fan speed if you select defrost from
AUTO mode. If the outside temperature is 40°F (4°C)
or warmer, your air conditioning compressor will
automatically run to help dehumidify the air and dry
the windshield. The air conditioning indicator light will
blink three times if you try to turn off the compressor
while in this mode.
Heating: On cold days when using manual operation
of the automatic system, choose floor mode to deliver
air to the floor outlets. To warm or cool the air delivered,
push the temperature buttons to the desired setting.
Rear Window Defogger
If you want to use the automatic mode, turn the knob
to AUTO and adjust the temperature by pressing
the temperature buttons.
< (Rear): Press this button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. An indicator light above the button will
come on to let you know that the rear window defogger
is activated.
The heater works best if you keep the windows closed
while using it.
Defogging and Defrosting
You can use either defog or front defrost to clear fog
or frost from your windshield. Use the defog mode
to clear the windows of fog or moisture. Use the front
defrost button to defrost the front windshield.
- (Defog): Use this setting to clear the windows of
fog or moisture. Turn the mode knob to this position to
select this setting. This setting will deliver air to the
floor and windshield outlets.
3-30
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
If driving below 50 mph (80 km/h), the rear window
defogger will turn off about 15 minutes after the button
is pressed. If you need additional warming time,
press the button again.
If your vehicle’s speed is maintained above 50 mph
(80 km/h), the rear window defogger will remain on
once the button is pressed.
If your vehicle has heated mirrors this button will also
activate that feature.
If your vehicle has the remote start feature, the rear
defogger and heated mirrors will automatically be
turned on if it is cold outside. The indicator light will
not be on. When the vehicle transitions out of remote
start mode the rear defogger and heated mirrors will
turn off.
Notice: Do not use a razor blade or sharp object
to clear the inside rear window. Do not adhere
anything to the defogger grid lines in the rear glass.
These actions may damage the rear defogger.
Repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Outlet Adjustment
Use the thumbwheels on the air outlets, located on the
center and on the sides of the instrument panel, to
change the horizontal direction of the airflow. Use the
tabs on the outlet vanes to change the vertical direction
of the airflow. Use the tabs on the outlet vanes to
shut off airflow to the outlets.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
inlets at the base of the windshield that may
block the flow of air into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more
effectively.
• When an objectionable odor outside the vehicle
is encountered, use the recirculation mode, with
the temperature knob at a comfortable setting
to prevent the odor from entering the vehicle through
the ventilation system. This can be helpful when
driving through a long tunnel with poor ventilation.
However, extended usage of this mode in cold or
cool weather can cause window fogging.
The two upper outlets in the center of the instrument
panel are dedicated to the rear seats. These outlets
are fixed to aim airflow into the rear seats to help
cool the rear occupants in hot weather. Airflow can
be shut off at the upper outlets by turning the vertical
thumbwheel. The louvers are fixed, do not attempt
to move them or they may break.
3-31
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something
is wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention
to your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they are working. If you
are familiar with this section, you should not be
alarmed when this happens.
3-32
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there is a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells
you what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s
advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly — and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They are a big help.
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you will need to drive safely and economically.
Your vehicle has this instrument panel cluster, which includes indicator warning lights and gages that are explained
on the following pages.
United States version shown, Canada Similar
3-33
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the United States)
or kilometers (used in Canada).
Your vehicle has a tamper resistant odometer. The
digital odometer will read 999,999 if someone tries
to turn it back.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to
the mileage total of the old odometer, then it must
be. But if it can’t, then it’s set at zero and a label must
be put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage
reading when the new odometer was installed.
Trip Odometer
The tachometer shows your engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
The trip odometer can tell you how far you have driven
since you last reset it.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
The trip odometer is accessed and reset through the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC Operation
and Displays on page 3-49 for more information.
When the key is turned to ON, a chime will come
on for several seconds to remind people to fasten their
safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is already
buckled.
3-34
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay
on for several seconds,
then it will flash for
several more.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
This chime and light will be
repeated if the passenger
remains unbuckled and
the vehicle is in motion.
If the passenger’s safety belt is buckled, neither the
chime nor the light will come on.
Passenger Safety Belt
Reminder Light
Several seconds after the key is turned to RUN or
START, a chime will sound for several seconds to
remind the front passenger to buckle their safety belt.
This would only occur if the passenger airbag is enabled.
See Passenger Sensing System on page 1-70 for more
information. The passenger safety belt light will also
come on and stay on for several seconds, then it will
flash for several more.
3-35
Airbag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the airbag symbol. The system
checks the airbag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the airbag sensor, the
airbag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing
and diagnostic module. For more information on the
airbag system, see Airbag System on page 1-60.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash for
a few seconds. Then the
light should go out. This
means the system is ready.
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start
the vehicle or comes on when you are driving,
your airbag system may not work properly. Have your
vehicle serviced right away.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the airbag system
may not be working properly. The airbags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help
avoid injury to yourself or others, have your
vehicle serviced right away if the airbag
readiness light stays on after you start
your vehicle.
The airbag readiness light should flash for a
few seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
3-36
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
If your vehicle has the passenger sensing system, then
your instrument panel has a passenger airbag status
indicator.
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator – United States
When the ignition key is turned to ON or START, the
passenger airbag status indicator will light ON and OFF,
or the symbol for on and off, for several seconds as a
system check. If you use remote start to start your vehicle
from a distance (if equipped), you may not see the
system check. Then, after several more seconds, the
status indicator will light either ON or OFF, or either the
on or off symbol to let you know the status of the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag.
Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator – Canada
3-37
If the word ON or the on symbol is lit on the passenger
airbag status indicator, it means that the right front
passenger’s frontal airbag is enabled (may inflate).
{CAUTION:
If the on indicator comes on when you have
a rear-facing child restraint installed in the
right front passenger’s seat, it means that the
passenger sensing system has not turned off
the passenger’s frontal airbag. A child in a
rear-facing child restraint can be seriously
injured or killed if the right front passenger’s
airbag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating airbag. Do not use a rear-facing
child restraint in the right front passenger’s
seat if the airbag is turned on.
3-38
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate a
rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun visor says,
“Never put a rear-facing child seat in the front.” This
is because the risk to the rear-facing child is so great,
if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
Even though the passenger sensing system
is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal
airbag if the system detects a rear-facing child
restraint, no system is failsafe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under
some unusual circumstance, even though it
is turned off. We recommend that rear-facing
child restraints be secured in the rear seat,
even if the airbag is off.
If the word OFF or the off symbol is lit on the airbag
status indicator, it means that the passenger sensing
system has turned off the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag. See Passenger Sensing System on page 1-70
for more on this, including important safety information.
If, after several seconds, all status indicator lights
remain on, or if there are no lights at all, there may be
a problem with the lights or the passenger sensing
system. See your dealer for service.
{CAUTION:
If the off indicator and the airbag readiness
light ever come on together, it means that
something may be wrong with the airbag
system. If this ever happens, have the vehicle
serviced promptly, because an adult-size
person sitting in the right front passenger seat
may not have the protection of the frontal
airbag. See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 3-36.
3-39
Charging System Light
The charging system
light will come on for a
few seconds when you
turn on the ignition
as a check to show
you it is working.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part
can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving and
you hear a chime, you may have a problem with
the electrical charging system. It could indicate that you
have a loose generator drive belt or another electrical
problem. Have it checked right away. Driving while
this light is on could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as
the radio and air conditioner.
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to ON. If it doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a
problem.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
The light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t
release fully. If it stays on after your parking brake
is fully released, it means you have a brake problem.
3-40
The Driver Information Center (DIC) may display a
Low Brake Fluid or Push Park Pedal message. These
messages might help to determine why the brake
system warning light is on. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-55.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal
is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See Towing Your Vehicle on
page 4-34.
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light is
on. Driving with the brake system warning light
on can lead to an accident. If the light is still
on after you have pulled off the road and
stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed
for service.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
If your vehicle has the
anti-lock brake system, the
light will come on when
your engine is started and
may stay on for several
seconds. That’s normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to off. If the light
comes on and the chime sounds when you are driving,
stop as soon as possible and turn the ignition off.
Then start the engine again to reset the system. If the
light still stays on, or comes on again while you are
driving, your vehicle needs service. If the regular brake
system warning light is not on, you still have brakes,
but you do not have anti-lock brakes. If the regular
brake system warning light is also on, you do not have
anti-lock brakes and there is a problem with your
regular brakes. See Brake System Warning Light on
page 3-40 earlier in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning light will come on
briefly when you turn the ignition key to ON. This is
normal. If the light does not come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
3-41
Enhanced Traction System
Warning Light
If your vehicle has
the Enhanced Traction
System (ETS), this
light may come on for
the following reasons:
• If you turn the system off by pressing the
TC (traction control) button located on the center
console, the light will come on and stay on.
To turn the system back on, press the button
again and the warning light should go out.
3-42
• If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the ETS will turn off
and the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Enhanced Traction System
Active Light
If your vehicle has
the Enhanced Traction
System (ETS), this light will
come on when the
system is limiting
wheel spin.
Slippery road conditions may exist if the Enhanced
Traction System active light comes on, so adjust your
driving accordingly.
The light will stay on for a few seconds after the
system stops limiting wheel spin.
3-43
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This light indicates that
the engine coolant
has overheated or the
radiator cooling fan is
not working.
This light will come on briefly when you turn on the
ignition as a check to show you it is working.
If the light comes on and the vehicle has been operating
under normal driving conditions, pull off the road, stop
the vehicle, and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See Cooling System on page 5-26 for more information.
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.
If the gage pointer moves into the red area, the light
comes on and you hear a chime, your engine is too hot!
It means that your engine coolant has overheated.
If you have been operating your vehicle under
normal driving conditions and the gage reads hot,
you should pull off the road, stop your vehicle and
turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-24.
3-44
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition, and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the
life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The check engine light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake, or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires with
other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you
it is working, when the ignition is on and the engine
is not running. If the light does not come on, have
it repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system
on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may
be required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Diagnosis and service may be required.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after awhile, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as good,
and your engine may not run as smoothly. This could
lead to costly repairs that may not be covered by
your warranty.
3-45
If the Light is Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
•
•
•
•
Reducing vehicle speed
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
Avoiding hard accelerations
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully
install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 5-8.
The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap
has been left off or improperly installed. A loose
or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly
installed should turn the light off.
Avoiding steep uphill grades
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do
so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your
vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and
restart the engine. If the light remains on steady, see
“If the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is
still flashing, follow the previous steps, and see your
dealer for service as soon as possible.
3-46
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 5-5. Poor fuel quality
will cause your engine not to run as efficiently as
designed. You may notice this as stalling after start-up,
stalling when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring,
hesitation on acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration.
(These conditions may go away once the engine is
warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and
cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has
the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix
any mechanical or electrical problems that may
have developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help your
vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the check
engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines that
critical emission control systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle
would be considered not ready for inspection. This
can happen if you have recently replaced your battery
or if your battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days of
routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still
does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the vehicle for
inspection.
3-47
Oil Pressure Light
If you have low engine
oil pressure, this light
will stay on after you
start your engine, or
come on and you will
hear a chime when
you are driving.
This indicates that your engine is not receiving enough
oil. The engine could be low on oil, or could have
some other oil problem. Have it fixed immediately.
This light will come on briefly when you turn on
the ignition as a check to show you it is working. If it
does not come on with the ignition on, you may have
a problem with the bulb. Have it fixed right away.
3-48
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
Security Light
Highbeam On Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn the
key toward start. The
light will stay on until the
engine starts.
If the light comes on continuously while driving
and stays on, there may be a problem with the
PASS-Key® III + system. Your vehicle will not be
protected by PASS-Key® III +, and you should see
your dealer.
If your vehicle has the content theft-deterrent alarm
system, the security light will also turn on to indicate that
arming has been initiated. See Content Theft-Deterrent
on page 2-18 for more information.
This light will come on
when the high-beam
headlamps are in use.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on page 3-8.
Service Vehicle Soon Light
This light will come on and
a chime will sound if it
detects a problem on the
vehicle.
Cruise Control Light
This light comes on
whenever you set your
cruise control.
The light will go out when the cruise control is turned off.
See Cruise Control on page 3-11 for more information.
The Driver Information Center (DIC) may display a
message such as Low Coolant, Power Steering, Engine
Reduced Power, etc. These messages may help you
determine why the service vehicle soon indicator is on.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-56. If
this happens, see your GM dealer for necessary repairs
to maintain top vehicle performance.
3-49
Fuel Gage
Here are four things that some owners ask about.
These are normal and do not indicate a problem with
your fuel gage:
• At the service station, the gas pump shuts off
before the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to
fill the tank.
• The indicator moves a little when you turn a corner
or speed up.
• The gage goes back to empty when you turn off the
United States
Canada
Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you
have left, when the ignition is on. When the indicator
nears empty, the amber light located left of the
pump symbol will come on and you will hear a chime.
You still have a little fuel left, but you should get
more soon. The arrow on the fuel gage points to
side of the vehicle with the fuel door.
3-50
ignition.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
The Driver Information Center (DIC) provides the
following:
• A way to personalize your vehicle
• Trip information
• Warning messages
The buttons used to activate the DIC are located on the
left side of the vehicle’s audio system.
INFO/4 (Information): Press this button to scroll
through the vehicle information mode displays.
MENU: Press this button to enter and scroll through
the menu mode.
ENTER/r (Enter): Press this button to select a
menu option or to acknowledge a warning message.
The DIC messages will be read through your audio
system display.
DIC Operation and Displays
United States
Canada
The DIC comes on when the ignition is ON. If your
vehicle has the uplevel audio system, the time
and outside temperature will be shown on the first line
of the display and the DIC information will be on
the second line of the display.
The DIC has different modes which can be accessed by
pressing the DIC buttons. The button functions are
detailed in the following.
3-51
Information Mode (INFO Button)
Use the INFO button to scroll through the vehicle
information mode displays in the following order:
•
•
•
•
•
•
TRIP Odometer A
TRIP Odometer B
FUEL RANGE (Fuel Range Until Empty)
ECON (Average Fuel Economy)
AV SPEED (Average Vehicle Speed)
OIL LIFE (Engine Oil Life System)
TRIP A or TRIP B: Press the INFO button until
TRIP A or TRIP B is displayed. This shows the
current distance traveled since the last reset for
each trip odometer in either miles or kilometers.
Both odometers can be used at the same time.
Each trip odometer can be reset to zero separately
by pressing and holding the ENTER button for a
few seconds while the desired trip odometer is
displayed.
FUEL RANGE: Press the INFO button until FUEL
RANGE displays. This shows the remaining distance
you can drive without refueling. It is based on fuel
economy and the fuel remaining in the tank.
3-52
The fuel economy data used to determine fuel range is
an average of recent driving conditions. As your driving
conditions change, this data is gradually updated. Fuel
range cannot be reset.
ECON (Economy): Press the INFO button until ECON
appears in the display. Average fuel economy is how
many miles per gallon or liters per 100 kilometers
your vehicle is getting based on current and past driving
conditions.
Press and hold the ENTER button while ECON is
displayed to reset the average fuel economy. Average
fuel economy will then be calculated starting from
that point. If the average fuel economy is not reset,
it will be continually updated each time you drive.
AV (Average) SPEED: Press the INFO button until AV
SPEED appears in the display. This is the vehicle’s
average speed in miles per hour or kilometers per hour.
Press and hold the ENTER button while AV SPEED
is displayed to reset the average vehicle speed.
OIL LIFE: Press the INFO button until OIL LIFE appears
in the display. The engine oil life system shows an
estimate of the oil’s remaining useful life. It will show
100% when the system is reset after an oil change. It will
alert you to change your oil on a schedule consistent with
your driving conditions.
In addition to the engine oil life system monitoring the
oil life, additional maintenance is recommended in the
Maintenance Schedule in this manual. See Engine Oil
on page 5-15 and Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
Always reset the engine oil life system after an oil
change. See “How to Reset the Engine Oil Life System”
under Engine Oil Life System on page 5-18.
Personalization
The following options can be accessed in order by
pressing the MENU button anytime while the vehicle
is in on. Press this button to scroll through each option.
All of the personalization options may not be available
on your vehicle. Only the options available will be
displayed on your DIC.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Oil Life Reset
Units Selection (English/Metric)
Remote Start Capability
Horn Chirp During Remote Keyless Entry Locking
Horn Chirp During Remote Keyless Entry Unlocking
Exterior Light Flash During Remote Keyless
Entry Locking or Unlocking
• Delayed Locking
• Automatic Vehicle Unlocking: Specific Doors
• Automatic Vehicle Unlocking: When Key is Off or
When Shift To Park
• Exterior Perimeter Lighting During Remote Keyless
Entry Unlock
• Security System Passive or Remote Keyless Entry
Arming
• Select Language: (English, French, Spanish or
German)
When the desired option is reached, use the ENTER
button to toggle between the modes of that option.
To make a selection, press the MENU button again.
If no selection is made within ten seconds, the display
will revert back to the previous information displayed.
The MENU mode is exited when the INFO button is
pressed, a ten second time period has elapsed, the
ignition is turned to off or the end of the MENU list is
reached.
The following display messages may appear on your
vehicle’s audio display by pressing the MENU button:
OIL LIFE RESET: When this option is displayed, you
can reset the engine oil life system. To reset the system
to 100%, press and hold the ENTER button for at least
one second. An ACKNOWLEDGED display message
will appear for three seconds or until the next button is
pressed. This will tell you the system has been reset.
See Engine Oil Life System on page 5-18 for more
information.
3-53
UNITS: When UNITS appears on the display, press the
ENTER button to move between METRIC or ENGLISH.
When you have made your choice, press the MENU
button to record your selection. The initial setting from
the factory is English.
If you choose English, all information will be displayed
in English units. For example, distance in miles and fuel
economy in miles per gallon is displayed.
If you choose metric, all information will be displayed in
metric units. For example, distance in kilometers and
fuel economy in liters per 100 kilometers is displayed.
The unit measurement will also change the trip
odometer, temperature and average fuel economy
displays.
REMOTE START: The remote start feature, if
equipped, can be enabled or disabled. When REMOTE
START appears on the display, press the ENTER
button to move between OFF and ON. When you have
made your choice, press the MENU button to record
your selection. The initial setting from the factory is ON.
LOCK HORN: If your vehicle has remote keyless
entry, this feature which allows the vehicle’s horn to
chirp every time the lock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter is pressed, can be enabled or
disabled. When LOCK HORN appears on the display,
press the ENTER button to move between ON and OFF.
3-54
When you have made your choice, press the MENU
button to record your selection. The initial setting from
the factory is OFF.
UNLOCK HORN: If your vehicle has remote keyless
entry, this feature which allows the vehicle’s horn
to chirp every time the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed, can be enabled or
disabled. When UNLOCK HORN appears on the
display, press the ENTER button to move between ON
and OFF. When you have made your choice, press
the MENU button to record your selection. The initial
setting from the factory is OFF.
LIGHT FLASH: If your vehicle has remote keyless
entry, this feature which allows the vehicle’s exterior
perimeter lighting to flash every time the lock or unlock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter is
pressed, can be enabled or disabled. When LIGHT
FLASH appears on the display, press the ENTER button
to move between OFF and ON. When you have
made your choice, press the MENU button to record
your selection. The initial setting from the factory is ON.
DELAY LOCK: The delayed locking feature, which
delays the actual locking of the vehicle, can be enabled
or disabled. When DELAY LOCK appears on the
display, use the ENTER button to move between OFF
and ON. When you have made your choice, press
the MENU button to record your selection. The initial
setting from the factory is ON.
AUTO UNLK (Unlock): The automatic door unlocking
feature, which allows the vehicle to automatically
unlock certain doors can be enabled or disabled. When
AUTO UNLK appears on the display, use the ENTER
button to move between: ALL, DRIVER or NONE. When
you have made your choice, press and the MENU
button to record your selection. The initial setting from
the factory is ALL.
SECURITY: If your vehicle has the remote keyless
entry system, this feature allows you to select the
method used to arm the vehicle’s security system. When
SECURITY appears on the display, use the ENTER
button to move between RKE and PASSIVE. When you
have made your choice, press the MENU button to
record your selection. See Content Theft-Deterrent on
page 2-18 for more information.
UNLK (Unlock): This feature determines when the
automatic door unlocking will occur, when either the key
is turned to OFF or the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
When UNLK appears on the display, use the ENTER
button to move between KEY OFF and SHIFT TO P.
When you have made your choice, press the MENU
button to record your selection. The initial setting from the
factory is SHIFT TO P.
LANGUAGE: To select your choice of language, use
the ENTER button to move between the optional
languages.
EXT (Exterior) LIGHTS: If your vehicle has remote
keyless entry, this feature, which allows the vehicle’s
exterior perimeter lighting to turn on each time the
unlock button on the remote keyless entry transmitter is
pressed, can be enabled or disabled. When EXT
LIGHTS appears on the display, use the ENTER button
to move between ON and OFF. When you have
made your choice, press the MENU button to record
your selection. The initial setting from the factory is ON.
When you have made your choice, press the MENU
button for at least one second to record your selection.
The initial setting from the factory is ENGLISH.
The languages are English, French, German and
Spanish.
Choosing a language will display all of the information
on the DIC in the desired language.
ENTER: The ENTER button is used to reset certain
functions and turn off or acknowledge messages on the
DIC display. The ENTER button also toggles through
the options available in each personalization menu.
3-55
DIC Warnings and Messages
These messages will appear if there is a problem
detected in one of your vehicle’s systems.
Any message will clear when the vehicle’s condition is
no longer present. The warning message will come back
on the next time the vehicle is turned off and back on
if the condition is still present. With most messages,
a warning chime will sound when the message is
displayed. Your vehicle may have other warning
messages.
AUTO LIGHTS OFF: This message is displayed if the
automatic headlamp system is disabled with the
headlamp switch.
AUTO LIGHTS ON: This message is displayed if the
automatic headlamp system is enabled with the
headlamp switch.
BRAKE FLUID: This message will display if the ignition
is in ON to inform the driver that the brake fluid level
is low. Have the brake system serviced by your
GM dealer as soon as possible.
3-56
CHANGE OIL SOON: This message is displayed when
the life of the engine oil has expired and it should be
changed.
When you acknowledge the Change Engine Oil
message by clearing it from the display, you still must
reset the engine oil life system separately. See
Engine Oil Life System on page 5-18, Engine Oil on
page 5-15, and Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4 for
more information.
CHECK GAS CAP: This message will appear if the gas
cap has not been fully tightened. You should recheck
your gas cap to make sure that it is on properly. A few
driving trips with the cap properly installed should
turn the display off.
DOOR AJAR: This message is displayed if one or
more of the vehicle’s doors are not closed properly.
When this message appears, you should make sure that
the door is closed completely.
ENGINE DISABLED: This message is displayed if the
starting of the engine is disabled. Have your vehicle
serviced by your GM dealer immediately.
ENG (Engine) PWR (Power) REDUCED: This
message informs you that the vehicle has reduced
engine power to avoid damaging the engine.
ICE POSSIBLE: This message appears when the
outside air temperature is cold enough to create icy road
conditions.
KEY FOB BATT (Battery) LOW: This message is
displayed if the remote keyless entry transmitter battery
is low. You should replace the battery in the transmitter.
See “Battery Replacement” under Remote Keyless
Entry System Operation on page 2-5.
LOW COOLANT: This message is displayed when
there is a low level of engine coolant. Have the cooling
system serviced by your GM dealer as soon as
possible.
LOW FUEL: This message is displayed when your
vehicle is low on fuel. You should refill the fuel tank as
soon as possible. You will also see a low fuel warning
light on the instrument panel cluster. See Fuel on
page 5-5 and Filling the Tank on page 5-8.
LOW WASHER FLUID: This message is displayed
when your vehicle is low on windshield washer fluid. You
should refill the windshield washer fluid reservoir as
soon as possible. See “Adding Washer Fluid” under
Windshield Washer Fluid on page 5-30.
POWER STEERING: This message is displayed if a
problem has been detected with the electric power
steering. Have your vehicle serviced by your GM dealer
immediately.
PUSH PARK PEDAL: This message is displayed if the
parking brake is left engaged. See Parking Brake on
page 2-29 for more information.
SERVICE AIR BAG: There is a problem with the airbag
system when this message appears. Let only a
qualified technician work on your vehicle. Have your
vehicle serviced by your GM dealer immediately.
TRUNK OR GATE AJAR: This message is displayed
when the trunk lid or liftgate of your vehicle is not closed
completely. You should make sure that the trunk lid or
liftgate is closed completely.
3-57
Audio System(s)
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment to
your vehicle, such as an audio system, CD player,
CB radio, mobile telephone, or two-way radio, make
sure that it can be added by checking with your
dealer. Also, check federal rules covering mobile
radio and telephone units. If sound equipment can
be added, it is very important to do it properly.
Added sound equipment may interfere with
the operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or
other systems, and even damage them. Your
vehicle’s systems may interfere with the operation
of sound equipment that has been added.
Figure out which audio system is in your vehicle, find
out what your audio system can do, and how to operate
all of its controls.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, the audio system can be
played even after the ignition is turned off. See Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) on page 2-22 for more
information.
3-58
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
To set the hour, press the clock button. The clock
symbol will appear on the display and the hour number
will flash. Then turn the ADJ knob to increase or to
decrease. To set the minutes, press the clock button
again. The minute numbers will flash. Then turn the ADJ
knob to increase or to decrease. The time can be set
with the ignition on or off.
Setting the Time for Radios with
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
Radio with CD (Base Level)
To set the hour, press the clock button. The clock
symbol will appear on the display and the hour number
will flash. Then turn the ADJ knob to increase or to
decrease. To set the minutes, press the clock button
again. The minute numbers will flash. Then turn the ADJ
knob to increase or to decrease. The time can be set
with the ignition on or off.
To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and
hold the clock button to enter the clock set mode, then
press and hold the clock button for three seconds
until UPDATED appears on the display. If the time is
not available from the station, NO UPDATE will appear
on the display.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. After tuning to an
RDS broadcast station, it may take a few minutes for
the time to update.
United States shown, Canada similar
Playing the Radio
O (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
u (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
3-59
DISP (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between the time and the temperature or the radio
station frequency and the temperature. When the ignition
is off, press this knob to display the time.
To change the default on the display, press the DISP
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
the knob for two seconds. The radio will produce a beep
and the selected display will now be the default.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either SEEK
button for more than four seconds until you hear
two beeps. The radio will go to the first preset station
stored on the pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then
go on to the next preset station. Press either SEEK
button again to stop scanning presets.
The radio will only seek and scan stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
AM/FM/CD: Press this button to switch between FM1,
FM2, AM, and CD. The display will show the selection.
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM), can
be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons,
by performing the following steps:
ADJ (Adjust): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
SEEK w / SEEK x: Press the SEEK up button or the
SEEK down button to go to the next or to the previous
station and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK button for
two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go
to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to
the next station. Press either SEEK button again to stop
scanning.
3-60
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM/FM/CD to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
TONE /P/Q (Bass/Treble): To adjust the bass or the
treble, press and release the tone button until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the ADJ knob to
increase or to decrease. If a station is weak or noisy,
decrease the treble.
BAL/FADE /S (Balance/Fade): To adjust the
balance between the right and the left speakers, press
and release the balance and fade button until BAL
appears on the display. Turn the ADJ knob to move the
sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust bass or treble to the middle position, select
BASS or TREB. Then press and hold the tone button for
more than two seconds. You will hear a beep and the
level will be adjusted to the middle position.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, press and release the balance and fade
button until FADE appears on the display. Then turn the
ADJ knob to move the sound toward the front or the
rear speakers.
To adjust the tone controls to the middle position, first
end out of tone by pressing another button, causing the
radio to perform that function, or by waiting five seconds
for the display to return to the default display. Then
press and hold the tone button for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep. ALL CENTERED
will appear on the display.
To adjust the balance or the fade to the middle position,
select BAL or FADE. Then press and hold the balance
and fade button for more than two seconds. You
will hear a beep and the level will be adjusted to the
middle position.
To adjust the speaker controls to the middle position,
first end out of balance and fade by pressing another
button, causing the radio to perform that function, or by
waiting five seconds for the display to return to the
default display. Then press and hold the balance and
fade button for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display.
3-61
Radio Messages
CALIBRATE: The audio system has been calibrated for
your vehicle from the factory. If CALIBRATE appears
on the display it means that the radio has not been
configured properly for your vehicle and must be
returned to your GM dealer for service.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur, check
the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD is
damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the
CD will not play properly. If the surface of the CD
is soiled, see “Care of Your CDs” later in this section.
Playing a CD
If there is no apparent damage, try a known good CD.
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing. If
you want to insert a CD with the ignition off, first
press the eject button or the DISP knob.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in the
CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal computer
and a description label is needed, try labeling the top of
the recorded CD with a soft marker instead.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more
than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt
to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could
damage the CD player. When using the CD player,
use only CDs in good condition without any
label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. Take the vehicle
to your GM dealer for service.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing, where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
3-62
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
If this button is pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving forward through the CD.
1 s (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release this pushbutton to play the
passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear
on the display.
If this button is held for more than two seconds, the CD
will enter CD scan mode and the CD will play the
first 10 seconds of each track. Press this button again to
stop scanning.
2 \ (Fast Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton
to advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound
at a reduced volume. Release this pushbutton to
play the passage. The elapsed time of the track will
appear on the display.
3 RPT (Repeat): Press this pushbutton once to hear a
track over again. REPEAT ON and RPT will appear
on the display. The current track will continue to repeat.
Press RPT again to turn off repeat play. REPEAT
OFF will appear on the display and RPT will disappear
from the display.
4 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. T#,
RANDOM, and RDM will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn off random play. RANDOM OFF
will appear on the display and RDM will disappear from
the display.
SEEK w: Press this button to go to the next track.
The track number will appear on the display.
SEEK x: Press this button to go to the start of the
current track if more than eight seconds have played.
The track number will appear on the display. If this
button is pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving backward through the CD.
If this button is held for more than two seconds, the CD
will enter CD scan mode and the CD will play the
first 10 seconds of each track. Press this button again to
stop scanning.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to see the current
track number, time, and temperature or the track
number, the elapsed time of the track, and the
temperature.
To change the default on the display, press this knob
until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob for two seconds. You will hear a beep and the
selected display will now be the default.
AM/FM/CD: Press this button when listening to the
radio to play a CD.
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EJECT / Z (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD.
Eject may be activated with either the ignition or
radio off. CDs may be loaded with the ignition and radio
off if this button is pressed first.
Radio with CD (Up Level)
CD Messages
If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to
your GM dealer when reporting the problem.
3-64
United States shown, Canada similar
Radio Data System (RDS)
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
RDS features are available for use only on FM stations
that broadcast RDS information.
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in the
48 contiguous United States. XM™ offers
100 coast-to-coast channels including music, news,
sports, talk, and children’s programming. XM™ provides
digital quality audio and text information that includes
song title and artist name. A service fee is required
in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
With RDS, the radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or call letters will appear on the display instead of
the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
Playing the Radio
O (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
u (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between the time and the temperature or the radio
station frequency and the temperature. When the ignition
is off, press this knob to display the time.
For RDS, press this knob to change what appears on
the display while using RDS. The display options
are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY, and the
name of the program (if available).
3-65
For XM™ (if equipped), press this knob while in
XM mode to retrieve four different categories of
information related to the current song or
channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY,
Channel Number/Channel Name.
Finding a Station
To change the default on the display, press the DISP
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
the knob for two seconds. The radio will produce a beep
and the selected display will now be the default.
ADJ (Adjust): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
AUTO u (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, the audio system adjusts automatically to make
up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AUTO VOL LOW,
AUTO VOL MEDIUM, or AUTO VOL HIGH will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will allow for
more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Then as you drive, automatic volume increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
speed. The volume level should always sound the same
to you as you drive. AUTO VOL NONE will appear on
the display if the radio cannot determine the vehicle
speed or if the engine is not running. To turn automatic
volume off, press this button until AUTO VOL OFF
appears on the display.
3-66
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped). The display will
show the selection.
x SEEK w: Press the down or up arrow to go to the
next or to the previous station and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either arrow for
two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go to
a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next station. Press either arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either arrow
for more than four seconds until you hear two beeps.
The radio will go to the first preset station stored on the
pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Press either arrow again to stop
scanning presets.
The radio will only seek and scan stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 30 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM,
six XM1 and six XM2 (if equipped)), can be programmed
on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE or AUTO EQ to select the
equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return and the equalization that
was selected will be stored for that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
TONE /P/Q (Bass/Treble): Press and release this
button until BASS, MID, or TREB appears on the
display. Turn the ADJ knob to increase or to decrease.
The display will show the bass, midrange, or treble
level. If a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.
To adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the middle
position, select BASS, MID, or TREB. Then press and
hold the tone button for more than two seconds. You will
hear one beep and the tone control will be adjusted to
the middle position.
To adjust all tone controls to the middle position, press
and hold the tone button when no tone control is
displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display
and you will hear a beep. The bass, midrange, and
treble will be adjusted to the middle position.
AUTO TONE/AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization):
Press this button to select customized equalization
settings designed for country, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and
classical.
To return to the manual mode, press the AUTO TONE
or AUTO EQ button until CUSTOM appears on the
display. You can also manually adjust the bass,
midrange, and treble using the tone button.
3-67
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL/FADE / S (Balance/Fade): To adjust
the balance between the right and the left speakers,
push and release the balance and fade button until BAL
appears on the display. Turn the ADJ knob to move
the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, push and release the balance and fade button
until FADE appears on the display. Turn the ADJ
knob to move the sound toward the front or the rear
speakers.
To adjust balance or fade to the middle position, select
BAL or FADE. Then press and hold the balance and
fade button for more than two seconds. You will
hear one beep and the speaker control will be adjusted
to the middle position.
To adjust both speaker controls to the middle position,
push and hold the tone button when no speaker
control is displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the
display and you will hear one beep. The balance and
fade will be adjusted to the middle position.
3-68
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program
type select mode. PTY for FM or PTYPE for XM and
a program type will appear on the display.
2. Turn the ADJ knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press the
SEEK up arrow to select the PTY and to take you to
the PTY’s first station.
4. To go to another station within that PTY press the
SEEK up arrow again. If the radio cannot find the
desired PTY, NONE FOUND will appear on
the display and the radio will return to the last
station you were listening to.
After 15 seconds of inactivity or if the P-TYPE
button is pressed again, the radio will exit program
type select mode.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. FM ALT FREQ
ON and AF will appear on the display. The radio
may switch to stations with a stronger frequency.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. FM ALT FREQ OFF will appear
on the display and AF will disappear from the display.
The radio will not switch to other stations.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is low or
a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop during
the announcement. Alert announcements cannot be
turned off.
MSG (Message): If the current station has a message,
MSG will appear on the display. Press this button to
see the message. The message may display the artist,
song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
If the entire message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message, press and release the MSG
button. A new group of words will appear on the display
after every press of the button. Once the complete
message has been displayed, MSG will disappear from
the display until another new message is received.
The last message can be displayed by pressing
the MSG button. You can view the last message until a
new message is received or a different station is
tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station, NO
MESSAGE will appear on the display.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
3-69
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAFFIC appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements and
when a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station you will hear it.
If the station does not broadcast traffic announcements,
press the TRAF button and the radio will seek to a
station that does. When a station that broadcasts traffic
announcements is found, the radio will stop seeking
and TRAF and brackets will appear on the display. If no
station is found that broadcasts traffic announcements,
NO TRAFFIC INFO will appear on the display.
If TRAF is on the display, press the TRAF button to turn
off the traffic announcements.
The radio will play the traffic announcement even if the
volume is low. The radio will interrupt the play of a
CD if the last tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
3-70
Radio Messages
CALIBRATE: The audio system has been calibrated for
your vehicle from the factory. If CALIBRATE appears
on the display, it means that the radio has not been
configured properly for your vehicle and it must
be returned to your GM dealer for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. Take your vehicle
to your GM dealer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating encryption code
The encryption code in the receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
The system is functioning correctly, but the vehicle is in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When the vehicle is
moved into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
The audio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavl
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of the
presets, choose another station for that preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
3-71
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
No Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. The system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the selected category.
The system is working properly.
XM Lock
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If this message is
received after having your vehicle serviced, check with
your GM dealer.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If tuned to channel 0, this message will alternate with the
XM Radio eight digit radio ID label. This label is needed to
activate the service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If this message is received when tuned to channel 0, there
may be a receiver fault. Consult with your GM dealer.
Check DAB
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver may have a fault. Consult with your GM
dealer.
3-72
Playing a CD
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing. If
you want to insert a CD with the ignition off, first
press the eject button or the DISP knob.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing, where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more
than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt
to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could
damage the CD player. When using the CD player,
use only CDs in good condition without any
label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
s (Reverse):
Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the button to play the
passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear on
the display.
\ (Fast Forward):
Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at
a reduced volume. Release the button to play the
passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear on
the display.
RPT (Repeat): Press this button once to hear a track
over again. REPEAT ON and RPT will appear on
the display. The current track will continue to repeat.
Press RPT again to turn off repeat play. REPEAT OFF
will appear on the display and RPT will disappear
from the display.
3-73
RDM (Random): Press this button to hear the tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. T#, RANDOM,
and RDM will appear on the display. T and the
track number will appear on the display when each
track starts to play. Press RDM again to turn off random
play. RANDOM OFF will appear on the display and
RDM will disappear from the display.
x SEEK w: Press the down arrow to go to the start of
the current track if more than eight seconds have played.
If this arrow is pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving backward through the CD.
Press the up arrow to go to the start of the next track. If
this arrow is pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving forward through the CD.
If either arrow is held or pressed for more than
two seconds, the CD will enter CD scan mode and the
CD will play the first 10 seconds of each track. Press
either arrow again to stop scanning.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. T, the track number, and
the elapsed time of the track will appear on the
display. To change the default on the display, time or
elapsed time, press the knob until you see the display
you want, then hold the knob for two seconds. The radio
will produce one beep and the selected display will
now be the default. Pressing this button will also display
text on commercially recorded CDs (if available).
AUTO TONE/AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization):
Press this button to select the desired equalization
setting while playing a CD. The equalization will
be automatically recalled whenever a CD is played.
For more information, see AUTO TONE/AUTO EQ listed
previously in this section.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to play a CD or to
access a remote device (if installed) when listening
to the radio.
EJECT / Z (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD.
Eject may be activated with either the ignition or
radio off. CDs may be loaded with the ignition and radio
off if this button is pressed first.
3-74
CD Messages
Radio with Cassette and CD
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
United States shown, Canada similar
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to
your GM dealer when reporting the problem.
3-75
Radio Data System (RDS)
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
RDS features are available for use only on FM stations
that broadcast RDS information.
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in
the 48 contiguous Untied States. XM™ offers
100 coast-to-coast channels including music, news,
sports, talk, and children’s programming. XM™ provides
digital quality audio and text information that includes
song title and artist name. A service fee is required
in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
With RDS, the radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements.
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or call letters will appear on the display instead of
the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
3-76
Playing the Radio
O (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
u (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between time and temperature or radio station frequency
and temperature. When the ignition is off, push this
knob to display the time.
For RDS, press the DISP knob to change what appears
on the display while using RDS. The display options
are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY, and the
name of the program (if available).
For XM™ (if equipped), press the DISP knob
while in XM mode to retrieve four different categories
of information related to the current song or
channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY, Channel
Number/Channel Name.
Finding a Station
To change the default on the display, press the DISP
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
the knob for two seconds. You will hear a beep and the
selected display will now be the default.
ADJ (Adjust): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
AUTO u (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, the audio system adjusts automatically to make
up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AUTO VOL LOW,
AUTO VOL MEDIUM, or AUTO VOL HIGH will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will allow for
more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
AUTO VOL NONE will appear on the display if the radio
cannot determine the vehicle speed or if the engine is
not running. To turn automatic volume off, press
this button until AUTO VOL OFF appears on the display.
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
or AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped). The display will
show the selection.
x SEEK w: Press the down or up arrow to go to the
next or to the previous station and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either arrow for
two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go to
a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next station. Press either arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either arrow
for more than four seconds until you hear two beeps.
The radio will go to the first preset station stored on the
pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Press either arrow again to stop
scanning presets.
The radio will only seek and scan stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
3-77
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 30 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM,
six XM1 and six XM2 (if equipped)), can be programmed
on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE or AUTO EQ to select the
equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return and the equalization that
was selected will be stored for that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-78
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
TONE /P/Q (Bass/Treble): Press and release this
button until BASS, MID, or TREB appears on the
display. Turn the ADJ knob to increase or to decrease.
The display will show the bass, mid, or treble level.
If a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.
To adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the middle
position, select BASS, MID, or TREB. Then press and
hold the tone button for more than two seconds. You will
hear one beep and the tone control will be adjusted to
the middle position.
To adjust all tone controls to the middle position, press
and hold the tone button when no tone control is
displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display
and you will hear a beep. The bass, midrange, and
treble will be adjusted to the middle position.
AUTO TONE/AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization):
Press this button to select customized equalization
settings designed for country, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and
classical.
The equalization setting last chosen will appear on the
display when you first press this button. Each time
this button is pressed, another equalization setting will
appear on the display and automatic tone or automatic
equalization will switch to that preset equalization
setting.
To return to the manual mode, press the AUTO TONE
or AUTO EQ button until CUSTOM appears on the
display. Manually adjust the bass, midrange, and treble
using the tone button.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL/FADE / S (Balance/Fade): To adjust
the balance between the right and the left speakers,
push and release this button until BAL appears on the
display. Turn the ADJ knob to move the sound
toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the fade, push and release the balance and
fade button until FADE appears on the display. Turn the
ADJ knob to move the sound toward the front or the
rear speakers.
To adjust the balance or fade to the middle position,
select BAL or FADE. Then press and hold the balance
and fade button for more than two seconds. You will
hear one beep and the speaker control will be adjusted
to the middle position.
To adjust both speaker controls to the middle position,
push and hold the tone button when no speaker
control is displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the
display and you will hear one beep. The balance and
fade will be adjusted to the middle position.
3-79
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program
type select mode. PTY for FM or PTYPE for XM and
a program type will appear on the display.
2. Turn the ADJ knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press the
SEEK up arrow to take you to the PTY’s first station.
4. To go to another station within that PTY, press the
SEEK up arrow again. If the radio cannot find the
desired PTY, NONE FOUND will appear on
the display and the radio will return to the last
station you were listening to.
After 15 seconds of inactivity or if the P-TYPE
button is pressed again, the radio will exit program
type select mode.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. FM ALT FREQ
ON and AF will appear on the display. The radio
may switch to stations with a stronger frequency.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. FM ALT FREQ OFF will appear
on the display and AF will disappear from the display.
The radio will not switch to other stations.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is low or
a cassette tape or a CD is playing. If a cassette tape or
CD is playing, play will stop during the announcement.
Alert announcements cannot be turned off.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
3-80
MSG (Message): If the current station has a message,
MSG will appear on the display. Press this button to
see the message. The message may display the artist,
song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
If the entire message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message, press and release the MSG
button. A new group of words will appear on the display
after every press of this button. Once the complete
message has been displayed, MSG will disappear from
the display until another new message is received.
The last message can be displayed by pressing
the MSG button. You can view the last message until a
new message is received or a different station is
tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station, NO
MESSAGE will appear on the display.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements
and when a traffic announcement comes on the tuned
radio station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press this button and the radio
will seek to a station that does. When the radio finds a
station that broadcasts traffic announcements, the
radio will stop and TRAF and brackets will be displayed.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station you will hear it. If no station is found, NO
TRAFFIC INFO will appear on the display.
If TRAF is on the display you can press the TRAF
button to turn off the traffic announcements.
Your radio will play the traffic announcement even if the
volume is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a
CD if the last tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Radio Messages
CALIBRATE: The audio system has been calibrated for
your vehicle from the factory. If CALIBRATE appears
on the display, it means that the radio has not been
configured properly for the vehicle and must be returned
to your GM dealer for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. Take your vehicle
to your GM dealer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer.
3-81
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating encryption code
The encryption code in the receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
The system is functioning correctly, but the vehicle is in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
The audio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavl
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of the
presets, choose another station for that preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
3-82
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
No Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. The system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the selected category.
The system is working properly.
XM Lock
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in the vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If this message is
received after having your vehicle serviced, check with
your GM dealer.
Radio ID
Radio ID label (channel 0)
If tuned to channel 0, this message will alternate with the
XM Radio eight digit radio ID label. This label is needed to
activate the service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If this message is received when tuned to channel 0, there
may be a receiver fault. Consult with your GM dealer.
Check DAB
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver may have a fault. Consult with your GM
dealer.
3-83
Playing a Cassette Tape
The tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes
longer than that are so thin they may not work well in
this player. The longer side of the tape visible should
face to the right. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled
sound, the tape may not be in squarely. Press the
eject button to remove the tape and start over.
If the ignition and radio are off, press the eject button or
the RCL knob to insert and to begin play of a tape. If
the ignition is on and the radio is off, the tape can
be inserted and will begin playing.
While the tape is playing, use the volume and seek
buttons just as you do for the radio. The display
will show TP and an arrow showing which side of the
tape is playing. The tape player will play the other side
of the tape when it reaches the end.
If you want to insert a tape while the ignition is off, first
press the eject button located to the left of the tape
slot or the DISP knob.
Cassette tape adapter kits for portable CD players will
work in the cassette tape player. See “CD Adapter Kits”
later for more information.
The tape bias is set automatically when a metal or
chrome tape is inserted.
3-84
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
s (Reverse):
Press this button to quickly reverse the
tape. Press it again to return to playing speed. The
radio will play the last selected station while the tape
reverses. Select stations during reverse operation
by turning the ADJ knob.
\ (Fast Forward):
Press this button to quickly
advance the tape. Press it again to return to playing
speed. The radio will play the last selected station while
the tape advances. Select stations during fast forward
operation by turning the ADJ knob.
qL (Change Side):
Press this pushbutton to play the
other side of the tape.
x SEEK w: The tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for seek to
work. Press the down arrow to go to the previous
selection on the tape if the current selection has been
playing for less than three seconds. If pressed when the
current selection has been playing from 3 to 13 seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the previous selection or
the beginning of the current selection, depending upon
the position on the tape. If pressed when the current
selection has been playing for more than 13 seconds, it
will go to the beginning of the current selection.
TAPE SEEK and a negative number will appear on the
display while the cassette player is in the previous mode.
Pressing the down arrow multiple times will increase the
number of selections to be searched back.
Cassette Tape Messages
Press the up arrow to go to the next selection on the tape.
If the up arrow is pressed more than once, the player will
continue moving forward through the tape. TAPE SEEK
and a positive number will appear on the display.
TIGHT TAPE: This message is displayed when the
tape is tight and the player cannot turn the tape hubs.
Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the open end down
and try to turn the right hub counterclockwise with a
pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat. If the hubs do not
turn easily, the tape may be damaged and should not
be used in the player. Try a new tape to make sure the
player is working properly.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
cassette tape or CD is playing. The inactive tape or CD
will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to play a tape, CD,
or a remote device (if installed) when listening to the
radio. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside
the radio for future listening.
EJECT / Z (Eject): Press this button, located to the
left of the cassette tape slot, to eject a tape. Eject
may be activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may
be loaded with the ignition and radio off if this button
is pressed first.
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be for one of the following reasons:
BROKEN TAPE: If this message appears on the radio
display, the tape will not play because of one of the
following:
• The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
• The tape is wrapped around the tape head. Attempt
to get the cassette out. Try a new tape.
CLEAN TAPE: If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will
still play tapes, but it should be cleaned as soon
as possible to prevent damage to the tapes and player.
See Care of the Cassette Tape Player on page 3-123.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down and provide it
to your GM dealer when reporting the problem.
3-85
CD Adapter Kits
It is possible to use a portable CD player with your
cassette tape player after disabling the tight/loose tape
sensing feature on the tape player.
To disable the feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SRCE button. READY will
appear on the display and flash the cassette
symbol.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot. It will
power up the radio and begin playing.
The override feature will remain active until the eject
button is pressed.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on
the display. As each new track starts to play, the
track number will appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Playing a CD
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing.
If you want to insert a CD with the ignition off, first press
the eject button or the DISP knob.
s (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release this button to play the passage.
The elapsed time of the track will appear on the display.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with the CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
\ (Fast Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound
at a reduced volume. Release this button to play
the passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear
on the display.
3-86
RPT (Repeat): Press this button once to hear a track
over again. REPEAT ON and RPT will appear on
the display. The current track will continue to repeat.
Press RPT again to turn off repeat play. REPEAT OFF
will appear on the display and RPT will disappear
from the display.
RDM (Random): Press this button to hear the tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. T#, RANDOM,
and RDM will appear on the display. T and the
track number will appear on the display when each
track starts to play. Press RDM again to turn off random
play. RANDOM OFF will appear on the display and
RDM will disappear from the display.
x SEEK w: Press the down arrow to go to the start
of the current track if it has been playing for more
than eight seconds. If this arrow is pressed more than
once, the player will continue moving backward
through the CD.
Press the up arrow to go to the start of the next track.
If this arrow is pressed more than once, the player
will continue moving forward through the CD.
If either arrow is held for more than two seconds, the
CD will enter CD scan mode and the CD will play
the first 10 seconds of each track. Press either arrow
again to stop scanning.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. T, the track number, and
the elapsed time of the track will appear on the
display. To change the default on the display, time or
elapsed time, press the knob until you see the display
you want, then hold the knob for two seconds. The radio
will produce one beep and the selected display will
now be the default. Pressing this button will also display
text on commercially recorded CDs (if available).
AUTO TONE/AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization):
Press this button to select the desired equalization
setting while playing a CD. The equalization will
be recalled whenever a CD is played. For more
information, see AUTO TONE/AUTO EQ listed
previously in this section.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
cassette tape or CD is playing. The inactive tape or CD
will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to play a tape, CD,
or a remote device (if installed) when listening to the
radio. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside
the radio for future listening.
EJECT / Z (Eject): Press this button, located to the
left of the CD slot, to eject a CD. Eject may be
activated with either the ignition or radio off. CDs may
be loaded with the ignition and radio off if this button
is pressed first.
3-87
CD Messages
Radio with Six-Disc CD
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the radio
display and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of
the following reasons:
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to
your GM dealer when reporting the problem.
3-88
United States shown, Canada similar
Radio Data System (RDS)
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
RDS features are available for use only on FM stations
that broadcast RDS information.
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in the
48 contiguous United States. XM™ offers
100 coast-to-coast channels including music, news,
sports, talk, and children’s programming. XM™ provides
digital quality audio and text information that includes
song title and artist name. A service fee is required
in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
With RDS, the radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or call letters will appear on the display instead of
the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
Playing the Radio
O (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
u (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between time and temperature or radio station frequency
and temperature. When the ignition is off, press this
knob to display the time.
For RDS, press the DISP knob to change what appears
on the display while using RDS. The display options
are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY, and the
name of the program (if available).
3-89
For XM™ (if equipped), press the DISP knob while
in XM mode to retrieve four different categories
of information related to the current song or
channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY, Channel
Number/Channel Name.
Finding a Station
To change the default on the display, press the DISP
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
the knob for two seconds. You will hear a beep and the
selected display will now be the default.
ADJ (Adjust): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
AUTO u (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, the audio system adjusts automatically to make
up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AUTO VOL LOW,
AUTO VOL MEDIUM, or AUTO VOL HIGH will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will allow for
more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Then as you drive, automatic volume increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
speed. The volume level should always sound the same
to you as you drive. AUTO VOL NONE will appear on
the display if the radio cannot determine the vehicle
speed or if the engine is not running. To turn automatic
volume off, press this button until AUTO VOL OFF
appears on the display.
3-90
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped). The display will
show the selection.
x SEEK w: Press the down or up arrow to go to the
next or to the previous station and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either arrow for
two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go to
a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next station. Press either arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either arrow
for more than four seconds until you hear two beeps.
The radio will go to the first preset station stored on the
pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Press either arrow again to stop
scanning presets.
The radio will only seek and scan stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 30 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM,
six XM1 and six XM2 (if equipped)), can be programmed
on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE or AUTO EQ to select the
equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return and the equalization that
was selected will be stored for that pushbutton.
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
TONE /P/Q (Bass/Treble): Press and release this
button until BASS, MID, or TREB appears on the
display. Turn the ADJ knob to increase or to decrease.
The display will show the bass, mid, or treble level.
If a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.
To adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the middle
position, select BASS, MID, or TREB. Then press and
hold the tone button for more than two seconds.
The display level will be adjusted to the middle position
and you will hear a beep.
To adjust all tone controls to the middle position, press
and hold the tone button when no tone control is
displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display
and you will hear a beep.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-91
AUTO TONE/AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization):
Press this button to select customized equalization
settings designed for country, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and
classical.
The equalization setting last chosen will appear on the
display when you first press this button. Each time
you press this button, another equalization setting will
appear on the display and automatic tone or automatic
equalization will switch to that preset equalization
settings.
To return to the manual mode, press the AUTO TONE
or AUTO EQ button until CUSTOM appears on the
display. Then manually adjust the bass, midrange, and
treble using the tone button.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL/FADE / S (Balance/Fade): To adjust
the balance between the right and the left speakers,
push and release the balance and fade button until BAL
appears on the display. Turn the ADJ knob to move
the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers,
push and release the balance and fade button until
FADE appears on the display. Turn the ADJ knob to
move the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust balance or fade to the middle position,
select BAL or FADE. Then press and hold the balance
and fade button for more than two seconds. The
display level will be adjusted to the middle position and
you will hear a beep.
To adjust both speaker controls to the middle position,
press and hold the tone button when no speaker
control is displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the
display and you will hear a beep.
3-92
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program
type select mode. PTY for FM or PTYPE for XM and
a program type will appear on the display.
2. Turn the ADJ knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press the
SEEK up arrow to select and to take you to the
PTY’s first station.
4. To go to another station within that PTY press the
SEEK up arrow again. If the radio cannot find the
desired PTY, NONE FOUND will appear on
the display and the radio will return to the last
station you were listening to.
5. Press P-TYPE to exit program type select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
If both P-TYPE and TRAF are on, the radio will search
for stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. FM ALT FREQ
ON and AF will appear on the display. The radio
may switch to stations with a stronger frequency.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. FM ALT FREQ OFF will appear
on the display and AF will disappear from the display.
The radio will not switch to other stations.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is low or
a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop during
the announcement. Alert announcements cannot be
turned off.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
3-93
MSG (Message): If the current station has a message,
MSG will appear on the display. Press this button to
see the message. The message may display the artist,
song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station you will hear it. If no station is found that
broadcasts traffic announcements, NO TRAFFIC INFO
will appear on the display.
If the entire message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message, press and release the MSG
button. A new group of words will appear on the display
after every press of this button. Once the complete
message has been displayed, MSG will disappear from
the display until another new message is received.
The last message can be displayed by pressing
the MSG button. You can view the last message until a
new message is received or a different station is
tuned to.
If TRAF is on the display, press and hold the MSG
button for two seconds to turn off the traffic
announcements.
When a message is not available from a station, NO
MESSAGE will appear on the display.
MSG (Traffic): If TRAFFIC appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements and
when a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press and hold this button for
two seconds and the radio will seek to a station that
does. When a station that broadcasts traffic
announcements is found, the radio will stop seeking and
TRAF and brackets will appear on the display.
3-94
The radio will play the traffic announcement even if the
volume is low. The radio will interrupt the play of a
CD if the last tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Radio Messages
CALIBRATE: The audio system has been calibrated for
your vehicle from the factory. If CALIBRATE appears
on the display it means that the radio has not been
configured properly for the vehicle and it must be
returned to your GM dealer for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. Take your vehicle
to your GM dealer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating encryption code
The encryption code in the receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
The system is functioning correctly, but the vehicle is in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When the vehicle is
moved into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
The audio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavl
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of the
presets, choose another station for that preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
3-95
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
No Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. The system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the selected category.
The system is working properly.
XM Lock
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in the vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If this message is
received after having your vehicle serviced, check with
your GM dealer.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If tuned to channel 0, this message will alternate with the
XM Radio eight digit radio ID label. This label is needed to
activate the service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If this message is received when tuned to channel 0, there
may be a receiver fault. Consult with your GM dealer.
Check DAB
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver may have a fault. Consult with your GM
dealer.
3-96
Playing a CD
If the ignition or radio is turned off, with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on
the CD. As each new track starts to play, the track
number will appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more
than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt
to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could
damage the CD player. When using the CD player,
use only CDs in good condition without any
label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
LOAD: Press the LOAD button to load CDs into the CD
player. This CD player will hold up to six CDs.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and release the LOAD button.
3. Wait for INSERT CD to flash on the display.
4. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull the CD in.
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To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and hold the LOAD button for two seconds.
You will hear a beep and MULTI LOAD CD, then
INSERT CD and the number will appear on the
display.
3. Once INSERT CD and the number appears on the
display, load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the
slot, label side up. The player will pull the CD in.
Once the CD is loaded, INSERT CD and the number
will appear on the display again. Once INSERT CD
and the number appear on the display again, you can
load another CD. The CD player takes up to six CDs.
Do not try to load more than six.
To load more than one CD but less than six, complete
Steps 1 through 3. When finished loading CDs, the
radio will begin to play the last CD loaded.
If more than one CD has been loaded, a number for
each CD will be displayed and the currently selected slot
number will be underlined.
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EJECT/Z: To eject a single CD press this button.
The radio will display EJECTING CD # and the single CD
symbol will flash until the CD is ready to be removed.
When the CD is ready to be removed it will eject part way
from the radio and the display will change to a flashing
REMOVE CD # with the single CD symbol flashing until
the CD is removed. If the CD is not removed within
25 seconds the radio will pull it back in.
To eject multiple CDs, press and hold the eject button
until you hear a beep and EJECTING ALL CDS appears
on the display with the single CD symbol flashing. The
CD symbol will flash until a CD is ready to be removed.
When the CD is ready to be removed it will eject part way
from the radio and the display will change to a flashing
REMOVE CD # with the single CD symbol flashing until
the CD is removed. If the CD is not removed within
25 seconds the radio will pull it back in. After the CD is
removed the radio will repeat the previous actions until all
of the CDs have been removed or a CD is pulled back in.
Playing a Specific Loaded CD
For every CD loaded, a number will appear on the
display. To play a specific CD, press the numbered
pushbutton that corresponds to the CD you want to play.
A small bar will appear under the CD number that is
playing, and the track number will appear.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
s (Reverse):
Press and hold this button to reverse
quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a reduced
volume. Release this button to play the passage. T#,
the elapsed time, and REV will appear on the display.
\ (Fast Forward):
Press and hold this button to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the button to play the
passage. T#, the elapsed time, and FWD will appear on
the display.
RPT (Repeat): With repeat, one track or an entire CD
can be repeated.
To use repeat, do the following:
• To repeat the track you are listening to, press and
release the RPT button. REPEAT ON and RPT
will appear on the display. Press RPT again to turn
off repeat play. REPEAT OFF will appear on the
display and RPT will disappear from the display.
• To repeat the CD you are listening to, press and
hold the RPT button for more than two seconds.
REPEAT ON and RPT will appear on the display.
Press RPT again to turn off repeat play. REPEAT
OFF will appear on the display and RPT will
disappear from the display.
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RDM (Random): With random, you can listen to the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order, on
one CD or on all of the CDs.
To use random, do one of the following:
• To play the tracks on the CD you are listening to in
random order, press the RDM button. RANDOM
TRACKS and RDM will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn off random play. RANDOM
OFF will appear on the display and RDM will
disappear from the display.
• To play the tracks on all of the CDs that are loaded,
in random order, press and hold the RDM button for
more than two seconds. You will hear a beep,
RANDOM ALL CDS, and RDM will appear on the
display. Press RDM again to turn off random
play. RANDOM OFF will appear on the display and
RDM will disappear from the display.
x SEEK w: Press the down arrow to go to the start
of the current track, if more than eight seconds have
played. Press the up arrow to go to the beginning of the
next track. If either arrow is held or pressed more
than once, the player will continue moving backward or
forward through the CD.
To scan the current CD, press and hold either SEEK
arrow for more than two seconds. The CD will go to the
next track, play the first 10 seconds, then go on to
the next track. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop
scanning.
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To scan all of the CDs loaded, press and hold either
SEEK arrow for more than four seconds. The CD will go
to the next CD, play the first 10 seconds of the first
track, then go on to the next CD. Press either SEEK
arrow again to stop scanning.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to switch between
time, temperature, and the elapsed time of the track. To
change the default on the display (CD#/Track#/Time,
CD#/Track#/Temperature, or Track#/Elapsed
Time/Temperature), press the knob until you see the
display you want, then hold the knob for two seconds.
The radio will produce one beep and the selected
display will now be the default.
AUTO TONE/AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization):
Press this button to select the desired equalization
setting while playing a CD. The equalization will be set
whenever a CD is played. For more information, see
“AUTO TONE” or “AUTO EQ” listed previously in
this section.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD(s) will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to play a CD or to
access the remote device, when listening to the radio.
Using Song List / R Mode
The six-disc CD changer has a feature called song list.
This feature is capable of saving 20 track selections.
To save tracks into the song list feature, perform
the following steps:
SONG LIST FULL will appear on the display if you try to
save more than 20 selections.
To play the song list, press the song list button.
One beep will be heard and SONG LIST will appear on
the display. The recorded tracks will begin to play in
the order that they were saved.
1. Turn the radio on and load it with at least one CD.
See “LOAD” listed previously in this section for
more information.
Seek through the song list by using the SEEK arrows.
Seeking past the last saved track will return you to
the first saved track.
2. Check to see that the CD changer is not in song list
mode. S-LIST should not appear in the display. If
S-LIST is present, press the SONG LIST button
to turn it off.
To delete tracks from the song list, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on.
3. Select the desired CD by pressing the numbered
pushbutton and then use the SEEK left arrow to
locate the track to be saved. The track will begin
to play.
2. Press the song list button to turn song list on.
SONG LIST will appear on the display.
4. Press and hold the song list button for two or more
seconds to save the track into memory. When song
list is pressed, one beep will be heard immediately.
After two seconds of pressing song list continuously,
two beeps will sound to confirm that the track has
been saved and TRACK number ADDED will
appear on the display.
4. Press and hold the song list button for two seconds.
When song list is pressed, one beep will be heard
immediately. After two seconds of continuously
pressing the song list button, two beeps will
be heard to confirm that the track has been deleted
and TRACK number DELETED will appear on
the display.
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for saving other selections.
3. Press the SEEK arrows to select the desired track
to be deleted.
After a track has been deleted, the remaining tracks are
moved up the list. When another track is added to the
song list, the track will be added to the end of the list.
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To delete the entire song list, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on.
2. Press the song list button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3. Press and hold the song list button for more than
four seconds. A beep will be heard, followed by
two beeps after two seconds, and a final beep will
be heard after four seconds. SONG LIST EMPTY
will appear on the display indicating that the
song list has been deleted.
If a CD is ejected, and the song list contains saved
tracks from that CD, those tracks are automatically
deleted from the song list. Any tracks saved to the song
list again are added to the bottom of the list.
To end song list mode, press the song list button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will be removed
from the display.
CD Messages
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to
your GM dealer when reporting the problem.
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Rear Seat Entertainment System
Headphones
Your vehicle may have a DVD Rear Seat
Entertainment (RSE) system. The RSE system includes
a DVD player, a video display screen, two sets of
wireless headphones, and a remote control.
The RSE system includes two sets of wireless
headphones.
This system also functions as a rear seat audio (RSA)
system. See Rear Seat Audio (RSA) (Without Rear Seat
Entertainment) on page 3-118 or Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
(With Entertainment System) on page 3-120 for more
information.
Parental Control
The RSE system may be disabled from the driver’s seat
by pressing the power button on the radio twice. To
resume use of the RSE system press the RSE power
button.
Before You Drive
The RSE is designed for rear seat passengers only.
The driver cannot safely view the video screen
while driving and should not try to do so.
The wireless headphones have an ON/OFF button and
a volume control. To use the headphones press, the
ON/OFF button. An indicator light on the headphones
will illuminate. If the light does not illuminate, the
batteries may need to be replaced. See “Battery
Replacement” later in this section for more information.
Press the button to turn the headphones OFF when
not in use.
If the RSE system is shut off or if the headphones are
out of range of the transmitters, located at the top of
the DVD player, for more than three minutes, the
headphones will shut off automatically to save the
battery power. If you move too far forward or step out of
the vehicle, the headphones will lose the audio signal.
To adjust the volume on the wireless headphones,
use the volume control on the headphones.
Make sure that the headphones are worn correctly, left
to right, to ensure the signal is received properly.
The DVD system is designed to be inoperable when the
vehicle is exposed to extremely low or high
temperatures, in order to protect your system from
damage. Operate the DVD system under normal
or comfortable cabin temperature ranges.
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Notice: Do not store the headphones in heat or
direct sunlight. This could damage the headphones
and repairs will not be covered by your warranty.
Keep the headphones stored in a cool, dry place.
If your vehicle is the MAXX, your vehicle may have
a rear seat storage compartment. Store the headphones
and the remote control in this compartment when not
in use.
If there is a decreased audio signal during CD or DVD
play, there may be a low hissing noise through the
speakers and/or headphones. If the hissing sound in the
wireless headphones seems excessive, make sure
that the headphone batteries are fully charged. Some
amount of hissing is normal.
Battery Replacement
To change the batteries, do the following:
1. Loosen the screw on the battery compartment door
located on the left side of the headphone earpiece.
2. Replace the two AAA batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly using the
diagram on the inside of the battery compartment.
3. Replace the battery compartment door and tighten
the screw.
If the headphones are to be stored for a long period of
time, remove the batteries, and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
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Stereo RCA Jacks
The RCA jacks are located on the DVD faceplate on the
floor console. The RCA jacks allow audio and video
signals to be connected from an auxiliary device such as
a camcorder or a video game unit to the RSE system.
The yellow RCA jack is used for video inputs, the
red RCA jack for right audio inputs, and the white RCA
jack for left audio inputs. The system requires
standard RCA cables, not included, to connect the
auxiliary device to the RCA jacks. Refer to the
manufacturer’s instructions for proper usage.
To use the auxiliary audio and video inputs, connect an
external auxiliary device such as a camcorder to the
RCA jacks and turn on both the auxiliary device power
and the power on the front of the RSE system. Press
the play and source buttons at the same time or
the AUX button on the remote control to switch to the
auxiliary device. See “DVD Player” and “Remote
Control” later in this section for more information.
Audio Output
Audio from the DVD player or auxiliary devices can be
heard through the following possible sources:
• Wireless Headphones
• Vehicle’s Speakers
• Wired Headphones (not included)
Only one audio source can be heard through the
vehicles speakers at a time.
The RSE system or an auxiliary device can be heard
through all of the vehicles speakers when the following
occurs:
• The RSE system is off
• A DVD or auxiliary device is playing
• The front audio system is on and the SRCE button
is pressed to enable the RSE system
The headphone symbol will appear on the radio display
when the RSE system is on and the headphone
symbol will disappear from the display when it is off.
To turn the vehicles rear speakers on and off, press the
power button on the RSE system or on the remote
control. When the rear speakers are off, the audio from
the RSE system can be heard through both the
wireless headphones and the vehicles front speakers at
the same time.
The RSE system can be heard through the wired
headphones, not included, on the RSE system when
the following occurs:
• The RSE system is on
• A DVD or auxiliary device is playing
The volume on the radio may vary when switching
between a radio station, CD, DVD, cassette, or auxiliary
device.
If there is a decreased audio signal during CD or DVD
play, there may be a low hissing noise through the
speakers and/or headphones. If the hissing sound in the
wireless headphones seems excessive, make sure
that the headphone batteries are fully charged. Some
amount of hissing is normal.
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Video Screen
DVD Player
The video screen is located on the back of the floor
console. Open the video screen by rotating the screen
up and adjust its position as desired.
The DVD player is located on the end of the floor
console under the video screen.
The video screen may not be able to be rotated up if
the rear seat is too far forward. See “Rear Sliding Seat
(MAXX Only)” under Rear Seat Operation on page 1-8
for more information.
When the video screen is not in use, push it down into
its stored position.
The DVD player and display will continue to operate
when the video screen is in either the up or down
positions.
The window on the RSE system contains the transmitter
for the wireless headphones and the remote control.
If the screen is in the closed position, the signals will not
be available for the operation of the headphones or
the remote control.
Notice: Avoid directly touching the video screen,
as damage may occur. See “Cleaning the Video
Screen” later in this section for more information.
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The DVD player can be controlled by the buttons on the
RSE system and/or by the buttons on the remote
control. See “Remote Control” later in this section for
more information.
The DVD player is only compatible with DVDs of the
appropriate region code for the country that the vehicle
was sold in. The DVD region code is printed on the
jackets of most DVDs. Video CDs, standard audio CDs,
and audio CD-Rs can be played by the DVD player.
The video screen will display a menu when an audio CD
or CD-R is playing.
If an error message appears on the video screen, see
“DVD Messages” later in this section.
DVD Player Buttons
k (Play/Pause): Press this button to start play of a
DVD or CD. Press this button while a DVD or CD
is playing to pause it. Press it again to continue play of
a DVD or CD. When in menu mode, press this button
to enter a selection.
1–6 (Preset Pushbuttons): This button is inactive
when in DVD mode.
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped). If the front seat
passengers are listening to the DVD player, the rear
seat passengers cannot select XM1 or XM2.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch between
playing a cassette tape or a CD.
O (Power):
Press this button to turn the RSE system
on and off.
c/Z (Stop/Eject): Press this button to stop
playing, rewinding, or fast forwarding. Press this button
again to eject a DVD or CD.
x SEEK w: Press the down arrow to go to the
beginning of the current chapter or track if more than
five seconds have played. Press the up arrow to
go to the next chapter or track. This button may not
work when the DVD is playing the copyright information
or the previews.
x w (Volume): Press the up or down arrow to
increase or decrease the volume on the wired
headphones, not included. The arrows on the left side
are for the left headphone and the arrows on the
right side are for the right headphone.
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Playing a Disc
To play a disc, gently insert the disc, with the label side
up, into the loading slot. The DVD player will continue
loading the disc and the player will automatically start if
the vehicle is in run, accessory, or RAP.
If a disc is already in the player, make sure that the
DVD player is on, then press the play/pause button on
the player faceplate or on the remote control.
Some DVDs will not allow fast forwarding or skipping of
the copyright information or the previews. Some
DVDs will begin playing after the previews have finished.
If the DVD does not begin playing at the main title,
refer to the on-screen instructions.
Stopping and Resuming Playback
To stop playing a disc, press and release the stop
button on the DVD player faceplate or the remote
control.
To resume playback, press the play/pause button on
the DVD player faceplate or the remote control.
The movie should resume play from where it was last
stopped if the disc has not been ejected or the stop
button has not been pressed twice on the remote
control.
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If the disc has been ejected or if the stop button has
been pressed twice on the remote control, press the play
button once to resume play at the beginning of the
disc. A resume symbol will appear momentarily on the
video screen. When the resume symbol is displayed,
press the play button again to resume playback
from where the disc last stopped.
Ejecting a Disc
Press the eject button, on the DVD player or the remote
control, to eject the disc.
If a disc is ejected from the player, but not removed, the
DVD player will reload the disc after a short period of
time. The disc will be stored in the DVD player.
The DVD player will not resume play of the disc
automatically.
Remote Control
Remote Control Buttons
To use the remote control, aim it at the transmitter
window on the DVD player and press the desired button.
Direct sunlight or very bright light may affect the
ability of the transmitter to receive signals from the
remote control. If the remote control does not seem to
be working, the batteries may need to be replaced. See
“Battery Replacement” later in this section. Objects
blocking the line of sight will affect the function of the
remote control.
Notice: Do not store the remote control in heat or
direct sunlight. This could damage the remote
control and it would not be covered by your
warranty. Keep the remote control stored in the rear
seat armrest when not in use.
If your vehicle is the Malibu MAXX, your vehicle may
have a rear seat storage compartment. Store the
headphones and the remote control in this compartment
when not in use.
O (Power): Press this button to turn the DVD player
on and off.
Z (Eject):
Press this button to eject or to load
the disc.
P (Backlight): Press this button to turn the remote
control backlight on. The backlight will time out
after about eight seconds.
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r (Enter): Press this button to select the choices
that are highlighted in any menu.
w, x, o, p (Directional Arrows):
Press these
buttons to navigate through DVD menus.
y (Main DVD Menu):
Press this button to view the
media menu. The media menu is different on every disc.
Use the up, down, right, and left arrow buttons to
move the cursor around the media menu. After making
a selection, press the enter button. Press this button
again to start play of the disc.
u (Wired Headphone Volume): Press the plus and
minus buttons to increase or to decrease the volume
of both wired headphones (not included).
O (Screen Brightness):
Press the plus and minus
buttons to increase or to decrease the intensity of
the video screen.
q (Return):
Press this button to exit the current
active menu and return to the previous menu. This
button will operate only when a DVD is playing and/or a
menu is active.
s (Rewind): Press this button to rewind the DVD or
CD. To stop rewinding, press this button again. This
button may not work when the DVD is playing the
copyright information or the previews.
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\ (Fast Forward):
Press this button to fast forward
the DVD or CD. To stop fast forwarding, press this
button again. This button may not work when the DVD
is playing the copyright information or the previews.
s (Play/Pause):
Press this button to start play of a
DVD or CD. Press this button while a DVD or CD is
playing to pause it. Press this button again to continue
the play of the DVD or CD.
While in the menu, press this button to enter a selection.
When using RSA or an auxiliary device, pressing this
button will play a DVD or a CD if they are loaded.
g (Previous Chapter/Track):
Press this button to go
to the beginning of the current track or chapter. Press
this button again to return to the previous track or
chapter. This button may not work when the DVD is
playing the copyright information or the previews.
l (Next Chapter/Track): Press this button to
advance to the beginning of the next chapter or track.
This button may not work when the DVD is playing
the copyright information or the previews.
c (Stop): Press this button to stop playing, rewinding,
or fast forwarding a DVD or CD. Press this button
twice to return to the beginning of the DVD.
b (Size): Press this button to change the display
mode for 4:3 aspect ratio movies. This function cycles
between NORMAL, WIDE, and FULL video modes.
• Normal The horizontal image is not stretched. The
borders at the left and the right of the picture are
blanked. All lines of the vertical image are displayed.
• Wide The horizontal image is non-lineraly stretched.
The image tends to be stretched more at the
borders then the middle. The borders are not
displayed.
• Full The horizontal image is linearly stretched. All
vertical lines are displayed. No borders are
present.
Setup Menu
To access the setup menu, ensure that a DVD is in the
player and the video is stopped. Press the display
button. Once the menu is activated, use the directional
arrows and the enter button to navigate the screen.
Picture Preferences
The USER PREFERENCE SETTINGS menu allows the
default viewing preferences to be modified. Use the
remote control up and down arrow buttons to select. The
movie may stop while selections are being made.
TV Shape: The default video screen display may be
selected from 4:3 letterbox, 4:3 panscan, or 16:9.
Press this button to display the title,
chapter, the time of a DVD or track number, the time of
a CD, and the menu functions on the video screen.
Press this button again to turn off the display item.
Black Level Shift: The default black level to the video
screen may be adjusted.
} (Audio Compression): DVDs have a wide dynamic
audio range. Audio compression may be used to
reduce the difference between soft and loud selections
of the DVD. Press this button to switch the audio
compression on and off.
Color Settings: The default color setting of the video
screen may be selected from Personal, Rich, Natural,
Soft, or Animation.
z (Display):
Video Shift: The default position of the video on the
display may be adjusted.
Personal Color: The default setting for Saturation,
Brightness, and Contrast may be adjusted.
AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to switch the system
between the DVD player and an auxiliary source.
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Sound Preferences
The USER PREFERENCE SETTINGS menu allows the
default sound preferences to be modified. Use the
remote control up and down arrow buttons to select. The
movie may stop while selections are being made.
Analog Output: The default sound output may be
selected from Stereo or Dolby® surround.
Dynamic Compression: The default setting may be
selected as On or Off.
Karaoke Vocal: The default setting may be selected as
On or Off.
Language Preferences
The USER PREFERENCE SETTINGS menu allows the
default language preferences to be modified. Use the
remote control up and down arrow buttons to select. The
movie may stop while selections are being made.
Audio Language: The default DVD playback audio
language may be selected from various languages. The
audio output is dependent on whether a DVD supports
the selected language.
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Subtitle: The default DVD subtitle language may be
selected from English, Spanish, or French. The subtitle
language is dependent on whether the DVD supports
the selected language.
Menu: The default on-screen display language may be
selected from various languages.
Features
The USER PREFERENCE SETTINGS menu allows you
to modify the default feature preferences from the
display. Use the remote control up and down arrow
buttons to select. The movie may stop while selections
are being made.
Status Window: The status window may be selected
as On or Off. The status window provides disc type,
elapsed time, and number of titles information while the
menu bar is displayed or the DVD is stopped.
Help Text: Help text may be selected as On or Off. A
help text bar is provided at the bottom of the screen
describing the functions of an item selected from any of
the user menus.
Menu Bar
The menu bar can be displayed across the top of the
screen by pressing the DISPLAY button on the remote
control. Selecting icons from the menu bar allows
adjustments to the audio and video settings. Use the
remote control left and right arrow buttons to scroll
through the menu bar. A description of the highlighted
icon will appear at the bottom of the screen. Use
the down arrow to display the options for the
highlighted icon.
The movie may stop playing while selections are
being made.
Current Subtitle Language: The subtitle language
may be selected as Off, English, Spanish, or French.
The actual subtitle language is dependent on whether a
DVD supports the selected language.
Current Audio Language: The audio language may be
selected as Off, English, Spanish, or French. The
actual audio language is dependent on whether a DVD
supports the selected language.
Smart Color: This color setting may be selected
without changing the default from the color
settings menu.
Sound Mode: This analog output may be changed
without changing the default from the analog
output menu.
Frame-by-Frame: The DVD will pause and may be
viewed frame-by-frame, in forward or reverse, by using
the remote control arrow buttons. Press play to
resume play of the DVD. DVD audio will not be available
during selection.
Slow Motion: The DVD will pause and may be viewed
in slow motion, at various speeds, in forward or
reverse, by using the remote control arrow buttons.
Press play to resume play of the DVD. DVD audio will
not be available during selection.
Scan Speeds: The DVD may be viewed in fast motion,
at various speeds, in forward or reverse, by using the
remote control arrow buttons. Press play to resume play
of the DVD. DVD audio will not be available during
selection.
Enlarge Picture: The DVD will pause and the frame
may be enlarged by using the remote control arrow key
buttons. Pressing the enter button on the remote
control allows panning of the frame using the remote
control arrow buttons. Press play to resume play of the
DVD. DVD audio will not be available during selection.
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Title: Move between DVD titles by using the remote
control arrow buttons.
Chapter: Move between DVD chapters by using the
remote control arrow buttons.
Time Search: The user can jump to different areas of a
DVD by using the remote control arrow and enter
buttons to select a specific time position.
Favorite Track Selection (FTS): You may program the
unit to play only your favorite track selections from a DVD
or Audio CD. For a DVD, FTS is accessed from the Menu
bar. For a CD, the FTS screen will appear on the display
immediately when the CD is inserted. From the screen,
choose the tracks on the CD that you wish to store, using
the remote control right and left arrows and the ENTER
button to select. The player will remember the selections
and each time the CD is inserted in the player, only those
tracks will be played, if FTS is turned on. The player can
remember selections for up to 50 discs. To remove FTS
for a disc, the disc must be in the player and the
highlighted tracks must be de-selected. Use the right and
left arrow buttons and the ENTER button or select
CLEAR ALL on the display.
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Not all DVDs support all of the feature defaults in the
setup menus. In the event a feature is not supported,
defaults will be provided by the DVD media.
Exit the setup menu by pressing the return button on the
remote control. If changes are made to the setup menu,
the DVD will resume play from the beginning.
Battery Replacement
To change the remote control batteries, do the following:
1. Unclip the battery door located on the back of the
remote control.
2. Replace the two AA batteries. Make sure that they
are installed correctly, using the diagram on the
inside of the battery compartment.
3. Close the battery door.
If the remote control is to be stored for a long period of
time, remove the batteries and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
Tips and Troubleshooting Chart
Problem
No power.
Disc will not play.
No sound.
Recommended Action
The ignition may not be in
run, accessory, or RAP.
The parental control
button might have been
pressed.
The system might be off.
The parental control
button might have been
pressed. The system
might be in auxiliary
source mode. Press the
AUX button to switch
between the DVD player
and the auxiliary source.
The disc is upside down
or is not compatible.
The volume on the
headphones could be too
low. Adjust the volume on
the right earpiece on the
wireless headphones. If
the DVD system is being
heard through the vehicle
speakers, adjust the
volume from the radio.
The radio must have the
RSE enabled by using the
SRCE button.
Problem
The picture does not fill
the screen. There are
black borders on the
top and bottom or on
both sides or it looks
stretched out.
Recommended Action
Press and release the
size control button on the
remote control. This will
fill the screen. If there are
borders on the top and
bottom, the movie may
have been made that way
for a standard screen.
Eject the disc again.
I ejected the disc and
tried to take it out, but it
was pulled back into
the slot.
The language in the audio Press the main display
or on the screen is wrong. menu button on the
DVD player or the remote
control and change
the audio or language
selection on the
DVD menu.
The remote control does
Point the remote control
not work.
directly at the transmitter
window. The batteries
could be weak or put in
wrong. The parental
control button might have
been pressed. The remote
control will not work the
RSA control, only the
RSE system.
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Problem
How do I get subtitles on
or off?
Recommended Action
Press the display button
on the remote control to
go to the DVDs main
menu. Then follow the
screen prompts.
After stopping the player, I Press the stop button on
push the play button but
the remote control to
sometimes the DVD starts resume where the DVD
where I left off, and
left off. Press the stop
sometimes at the
button twice to start the
beginning.
DVD at the beginning. If
the power is off and the
DVD is still in the player,
press the play button.
The DVD is playing but
Press and release the
there is no picture or
AUX button on the remote
sound. The auxiliary
control or the SRCE and
source is running but
play buttons on the DVD
there is no picture or
player to get to auxiliary
sound.
input. Check to make sure
that the auxiliary source is
connected to the inputs
properly.
The audio or video skips
The DVD could be dirty or
or jumps.
scratched. Try cleaning
the DVD.
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Problem
When I return to the DVD
from the system menu,
sometimes it plays from
the beginning and
sometimes from where it
left off.
The fast forward, reverse,
previous, and next
functions do not work.
Recommended Action
If the stop button was
pressed once, it resumes
play from where it left off.
If the stop button was
pressed twice, it will start
at the beginning of the
DVD. However, if a
change was made to the
menu the DVD will start
from where it left off, even
if the stop button was only
pressed once.
Some commands that do
one thing for DVDs will
not always work or
perform the same function
for audio CDs or games.
These functions may also
be disabled when the
DVD is playing the
copyright information or
the previews.
Problem
My disc is stuck in the
player. The eject button
does not work.
Recommended Action
Press the eject button on
the DVD player. Turn the
power off, then on again,
then press the eject
button on the DVD player.
Do not attempt to force or
remove the disc from the
player. If the problem
persists, return to your
GM dealer for further
assistance.
I lost the remote control
Contact your GM dealer
and/or the headphones.
for assistance.
Sometimes the wireless
This could be caused by
headphone audio cuts out blocking the transmitting
or buzzes for a moment,
area between the
then it comes back.
headphones and the
transmitter on the DVD
player. Make sure nothing
is between the
headphones and the
DVD player.
Problem
DVD System inoperable.
The wireless headphones
have audio distortion.
In auxiliary mode, the
picture moves or scrolls.
Recommended Action
In severe or extreme
temperatures your DVD
system might not be
operable. Temperatures
below −4°F (−20°C) or
above 158°F (70°C) could
damage the DVD system.
Operate the DVD system
under normal or
comfortable cabin
temperature ranges.
Verify that the
headphones are facing to
the front of the vehicle,
left and right sides are
indicated on the
headphones to ensure
that the signal is received
properly.
Check the signal coming
from the auxiliary device
and make sure that the
connection and the signal
are good.
3-117
DVD Messages
DVD Distortion
The following errors may be displayed on the video
screen:
There may be an experience with video distortion when
operating cellular phones, scanners, CB radios,
Global Position Systems (GPS)*, two-way radios, mobile
fax, or walkie talkies.
Disc Format Error: This message will be displayed if a
disc is inserted upside down, if the disc is not readable,
or if the disc format is not compatible.
It may be necessary to turn off the DVD player when
operating one of these devices in or near the vehicle.
Disc Play Error: This message will be displayed if the
mechanism cannot play the disc. Scratched or
damaged discs will cause this error.
*Excludes the OnStar® System.
Region Code Error: This message will be displayed if
the region code of the DVD is not compatible with
the region code of the DVD player.
When cleaning the outside DVD faceplate and buttons,
use only a clean cloth dampened with clean water.
Load/Eject Error: This message will be displayed if the
disc is not properly loaded or ejected.
Disc Not Present: This message will be displayed
when the play or the stop button is pressed without a
disc in the player.
3-118
Cleaning the DVD Player
Cleaning the Video Screen
When cleaning the video screen, use only a clean cloth
dampened with clean water. Use care when directly
touching or cleaning the screen, as damage may result.
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) (Without
Rear Seat Entertainment)
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to and
control any of the sources: radio, cassette, and CDs.
An audio or radio source may be listened to but cannot
be changed from the RSE if the front seat passengers
have selected the same source from the front seat
controls. (For example, the radio station selected with
the front seat controls cannot be changed by the
rear seat control(s)).
The front seat audio controls always have priority over
the RSA controls. If the front seat passengers switch
to the same source as the RSA, the RSA will no longer
control the source.
You can operate the RSA when the main radio is off.
You can use wired headphones (not included) or
the wireless headphones. The wired headphones
connect to the outlets on the RSA system. The rear seat
passengers have control of the volume for each set of
wired headphones. Adjust the volume on the wireless
headphones by turning the volume control on each
headset.
Primary Radio Controls
The following function is controlled by the main radio:
PWR (Power): Front seat passengers can turn the RSA
off by quickly pressing this knob twice.
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Rear Seat Radio Controls
1–6 (Preset): Press this button to go to the next preset
radio station. This function is inactive if the front seat
passengers are listening to the radio.
When a cassette tape is playing, press this button to go
to the other side of the tape.
When a CD is playing in the six-disc CD changer, press
this button to select the next CD, if multiple CDs are
loaded. This function is inactive if the front seat
passengers are listening to a CD.
The following functions are controlled by the RSA
system:
n (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume. The left knob controls the left
headphones and the right knob controls the right
headphones.
O (Power): Press this button to turn the system on or
off. The rear speakers will be muted when the RSA
power is turned on.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to play a cassette
tape or CD when listening to the radio. The inactive tape
or CD will remain safely inside the radio for future
listening.
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped).
3-120
© ¨ (Seek): When listening to the radio, press the
left or the right arrow to go to the next or the previous
station and stay there. This function is inactive if
the front seat passengers are listening to the radio.
When a cassette tape is playing, press the left or the
right arrow to hear the next or the previous selection.
This function is inactive if the front seat passengers are
listening to a cassette tape.
When a CD is playing, press the left arrow to go to the
start of the current track if more than eight seconds
have played. Press the right arrow to go to the next track
on the CD. This function is inactive if the front seat
passengers are listening to a CD.
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) (With
Entertainment System)
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to and
control any of the sources: radio and CDs. An audio
or radio source may be listened to but cannot be
changed from the RSE if the front seat passengers
have selected the same source from the front seat
controls. (For example, the radio station selected with
the front seat controls cannot be changed by the
rear seat control(s).
The front seat audio controls always have priority over
the RSA controls. If the front seat passengers switch
to the same source as the RSA, the RSA will no longer
control the source.
You can operate the RSA when the main radio is off.
The rear seat passengers have control of the volume for
each set of headphones.
O (Power): Press this button to turn the RSE system
on and off. The rear speakers will be muted when
the RSA power is turned on.
1–6 (Preset): Press this button to go to the next preset
radio station set on the pushbuttons on the main
radio. This function is not active if the front seat
passengers are listening to the radio.
When a cassette tape is playing, press this button to go
to the other side of the tape. This function is not
active if the front seat passengers are listening to a
cassette tape.
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When a CD is playing in the six-disc CD changer, press
this button to select the next CD, if multiple CDs are
loaded. This function is not active if the front seat
passengers are listening to a CD.
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped).
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch between
playing a cassette tape and CD.
x SEEK w: When listening to the radio, press the up
or the down arrow to go to the next or the previous station
and stay there. This function is inactive if the front seat
passengers are listening to the same band.
When a cassette tape is playing, press the up or the
down arrow to go to the next or the previous selection.
This function is inactive if the front seat passengers are
listening to a cassette tape.
When a CD is playing, press the up arrow to go to the
next track on the CD. Press the down arrow to go to the
start of the current track if more than five seconds have
played. This function is inactive if the front seat
passengers are listening to a CD.
x w (Volume): Press the up or down arrow to
increase or decrease the volume on the wired
headphones (not included). The arrows on the right are
for the right headphones and the arrows on the left
are for the left headphones.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of your
vehicle’s radio. The feature works automatically by
learning a portion of the Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN). If the radio is moved to a different
vehicle, it will not operate and LOCKED will appear on
the display.
With THEFTLOCK® activated, the radio will not operate
if stolen.
3-122
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped).
1–6 (Preset Pushbuttons): Press this button to play
stations that are programmed on the radio preset
pushbuttons. The radio will only seek preset stations
with a strong signal that are in the selected band.
When a CD is playing in the six-disc CD changer, press
this button to go to the next available CD, if multiple
CDs are loaded.
x u w (Volume): Press the up or the down arrow
to increase or to decrease the volume.
If your vehicle has this feature, some audio controls can
be adjusted at the steering wheel. They include the
following:
> (Mute): Press this button to silence the system.
Press this button again, or any other radio button, to turn
the sound on.
x SEEK w: Press the up or the down arrow to go to
the next or to the previous radio station and stay
there. The radio will only seek stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch between
listening to the radio, a cassette tape, a CD, or a remote
device. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
When a CD is playing, press the up or the down arrow
to go to the next or previous track.
3-123
Radio Reception
Care of the Cassette Tape Player
AM
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight, and
extreme heat. If they are not, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range can cause
station frequencies to interfere with each other. Static
can occur on AM stations caused by things like
storms and power lines. Try reducing the treble to
reduce this noise.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give the best sound, but FM signals will
reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to fade in and out.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives digital radio
reception from coast to coast. Just as with FM, tall
buildings or hills can interfere with satellite radio signals,
causing the sound to fade in and out. The radio may
display NO SIGNAL to indicate interference.
3-124
The tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. The radio may display CLEAN TAPE
to indicate that the tape player has been used for
50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If this
message appears on the display, the cassette tape
player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but it
should be cleaned as soon as possible to prevent
damage to the tapes and player. If there is a reduction
in sound quality, try a known good cassette to see if
the tape or the tape player is at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
For best results, use a scrubbing action, non-abrasive
cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape
head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. The
recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer.
The broken tape detection feature of the cassette
tape player may identify the cleaning cassette as a
damaged tape, in error. To prevent the cleaning cassette
from being ejected, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE CD button for
five seconds. READY will appear on the display
and a cassette symbol will flash for five seconds.
4. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
After the cleaning cassette is ejected, the broken
tape detection feature will be active again.
A non-scrubbing action, wet-type cleaner which uses
a cassette with a fabric belt to clean the tape head can
be used. This type of cleaning cassette will not eject
on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
After the player is cleaned, press and hold the cassette
eject button for two seconds to reset the clean tape
timer. The radio will display TP DECK CLEANED
to show the indicator was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before the tape player is
serviced.
Care of Your CDs and DVDs
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct
sunlight and dust. The CD player scans the bottom
surface of the disc. If the surface of a CD is damaged,
such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will
not play properly or not at all. If the surface of a CD is
soiled, take a soft, lint free cloth or dampen a clean, soft
cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution mixed with
water, and clean it. Make sure the wiping process starts
from the center to the edge.
Do not touch the bottom side of a CD while handling it;
this could damage the surface. Pick up CDs by
grasping the outer edges or the edge of the hole and
the outer edge.
Care of the CD and DVD Player
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not advised,
due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
3-125
Fixed Mast Antenna (MAXX Only)
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever
become slightly bent, straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, replace it.
Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting with
metallic film. The metallic film in some tinting
materials will interfere with or distort the incoming
radio reception. Any damage caused to your
backglass antenna due to metallic tinting materials
will not be covered by your warranty.
Check occasionally to make sure the mast is still
tightened to the rear quarter panel.
Because this antenna is built into the rear window, there
is a reduced risk of damage caused by car washes
and vandals.
Backglass Antenna (Sedan Only)
If adding a cellular telephone to your vehicle, and the
antenna needs to be attached to the glass, make
sure that the grid lines for the AM-FM antenna are not
damaged. There is enough space between the grid lines
to attach a cellular telephone antenna without interfering
with radio reception.
The AM-FM antenna is integrated with the rear window
defogger, located in the rear window. Make sure that
the inside surface of the rear window is not scratched
and that the grid lines on the glass are not damaged.
If the inside surface is damaged, it could interfere
with radio reception.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to clear
the inside rear window may damage the rear
window antenna and/or the rear window defogger.
Repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Do
not clear the inside rear window with sharp objects.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
The XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on the roof
of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow and
ice build up for clear radio reception.
The performance of the XM system may be affected if
the sunroof is open.
3-126
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-2
Drunken Driving .............................................4-2
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-5
Braking .........................................................4-5
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .........................4-6
Braking in Emergencies ...................................4-8
Enhanced Traction System (ETS) .....................4-8
Steering ......................................................4-10
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-12
Passing .......................................................4-13
Loss of Control .............................................4-14
Driving at Night ............................................4-15
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-17
City Driving ..................................................4-19
Freeway Driving ...........................................4-20
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-21
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-22
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-22
Winter Driving ..............................................4-24
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow ..............................................4-28
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out .................4-29
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-29
Towing ..........................................................4-34
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-34
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-35
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-38
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
proper defensive driving more difficult and can even
cause a collision, with resulting injury. Ask a passenger to
help do things like this, or pull off the road in a safe place
to do them yourself. These simple defensive driving
techniques could save your life.
Drunken Driving
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-10.
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor
to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads, or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a
vehicle:
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when
the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn
suddenly.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving
task — such as concentrating on a cellular telephone call,
reading, or reaching for something on the floor — makes
4-2
•
•
•
•
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological, and
developmental reasons for these laws.
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin, or vodka.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less
than many might think. Although it depends on each
person and situation, here is some general information
on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
According to the American Medical Association, a 180 lb
(82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce (355 ml)
bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC
of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person
who consumes food just before or during drinking will
have a somewhat lower BAC level.
4-3
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in most U.S. states, and throughout Canada,
sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In some other
countries, the limit is even lower. For example, it is
0.05 percent in both France and Germany. The
BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United States
is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
4-4
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need
to take sudden action, as when a child darts into
the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might
not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows
that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash
injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal
cord, or heart. This means that when anyone who has
been drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash,
that person’s chance of being killed or permanently
disabled is higher than if the person had not been
drinking.
Braking
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness,
and judgment can be affected by even a
small amount of alcohol. You can have a
serious — or even fatal — collision if you drive
after drinking. Please do not drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking. Ride
home in a cab; or if you are with a group,
designate a driver who will not drink.
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your vehicle go
where you want it to go. They are the brakes, the
steering, and the accelerator. All three systems have to
do their work at the places where the tires meet the road.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it
is easy to ask more of those control systems than
the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose
control of your vehicle.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
second. But that is only an average. It might be less
with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or
more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness,
coordination, and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol,
drugs, and frustration. But even in three-fourths of a
second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels
66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough space between
your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road, whether it is pavement
or gravel; the condition of the road, whether it is
wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the condition of your brakes;
the weight of the vehicle; and the amount of brake
force applied.
4-5
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is
a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
That means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
4-6
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle may have anti-lock brakes. ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
If your vehicle has anti-lock
brakes, this warning light
on the instrument panel will
come on briefly when
you start your vehicle.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If
one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each wheel.
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
4-7
Using Anti-Lock
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel
a slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise,
but this is normal.
In an emergency, you will probably want to squeeze the
brakes hard without locking the wheels. If you hear or
feel the wheels sliding, ease off the brake pedal.
This will help you retain steering control. If you do have
anti-lock brakes, it is different. See Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) on page 4-6.
Braking in Emergencies
In many emergencies, steering can help you more than
even the very best braking.
At some time, nearly every driver gets into a situation
that requires hard braking.
Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
If you have anti-lock brakes, you can steer and brake at
the same time. However, if you do not have anti-lock
brakes, your first reaction — to hit the brake pedal hard
and hold it down — may be the wrong thing to do.
Your wheels can stop rolling. Once they do, the vehicle
cannot respond to your steering. Momentum will
carry it in whatever direction it was headed when the
wheels stopped rolling. That could be off the road, into
the very thing you were trying to avoid, or into traffic.
If you do not have anti-lock brakes, use a “squeeze”
braking technique. This will give you maximum braking
while maintaining steering control. You can do this
by pushing on the brake pedal with steadily increasing
pressure.
Your vehicle may have an Enhanced Traction
System (ETS) that limits wheel spin. This is especially
useful in slippery road conditions. The system operates
only if it senses that one or both of the front wheels
are spinning or beginning to lose traction. When
this happens, the system reduces engine power and
may also upshift the transaxle to limit wheel spin.
This light will come on
when your Enhanced
Traction System is
engaged and limiting
wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this is
normal.
4-8
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the Enhanced
Traction System begins to limit wheel spin, the
cruise control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
re-engage the cruise control. See Cruise Control
on page 3-10.
The Enhanced Traction System operates in all transaxle
shift lever positions. But the system can upshift the
transaxle only as high as the shift lever position you’ve
chosen, so you should use the lower gears only
when necessary.
When the system is on,
this warning light will come
on to let you know
there’s a problem.
When this warning light is on, the system will not limit
wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
To limit wheel spin, especially in slippery road
conditions, you should always leave the Enhanced
Traction System on. But you can turn the system off if
you prefer.
To turn the system on or
off, press the traction
control button located on
the center console
under the climate control
system.
When you turn the system off, the Enhanced Traction
System warning light will come on and stay on. If
the Enhanced Traction System is limiting wheel spin
when you press the button to turn the system off,
the warning light will come on – but the system won’t
turn off right away. It will wait until there’s no longer
a current need to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by
pressing the button again. The traction control system
warning light should go off.
4-9
Steering
Electric Power Steering
If the engine stalls while you are driving, the power
steering assist system will continue to operate until you
are able to stop your vehicle. If you lose power
steering assist because the electric power steering
system is not functioning, you can steer, but it will take
more effort.
If you turn the steering wheel in either direction several
times until it stops, or hold the steering wheel in the
stopped position for an extended amount of time, you
may notice a reduced amount of power steering
assist. The normal amount of power steering assist
should return shortly after a few normal steering
movements.
The electric power steering system does not require
regular maintenance. If you suspect steering system
problems, contact your dealer for service repairs.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-52 and
Service Vehicle Soon Light on page 3-45.
4-10
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If
you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you
will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you are in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly apply the brakes. Both control
systems — steering and braking — have to do their work
where the tires meet the road. Unless you have
four-wheel anti-lock brakes, adding the hard braking can
demand too much of those places. You can lose control.
The same thing can happen if you are steering through
a sharp curve and you suddenly accelerate. Those
two control systems — steering and acceleration — can
overwhelm those places where the tires meet the
road and make you lose control. See Enhanced Traction
System (ETS) on page 4-8.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the brake or accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way
you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You
can avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you cannot; there is not room.
That is the time for evasive action — steering around the
problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes — but, unless you
have anti-lock, not enough to lock your wheels.
See Braking on page 4-5. It is better to remove as much
speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
4-11
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off
the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you are
driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
right to pass, providing the road ahead is clear.
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity.
For one thing, following too closely reduces your
area of vision, especially if you are following a larger
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
do not get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into
the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you
will have a running start that more than makes up
for the distance you would lose by dropping
back. And if something happens to cause you to
cancel your pass, you need only slow down
and drop back again and wait for another
opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder
and check the blind spot.
4-13
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far
enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front
in your inside mirror, activate your right lane
change signal and move back into the right lane.
Remember that your right outside mirror is convex.
The vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it
may be slowing down or starting to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough
friction where the tires meet the road to do what the driver
has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not overdriving
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
4-14
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Driving at Night
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety, you
will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration,
or braking, including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear. Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice, or packed snow
on the road to make a mirrored surface — and
slow down when you have any doubt.
If you have the anti-lock braking system (ABS),
remember: It helps avoid only the braking skid. If you do
not have ABS, then in a braking skid, where the
wheels are no longer rolling, release enough pressure
on the brakes to get the wheels rolling again. This
restores steering control. Push the brake pedal down
steadily when you have to stop suddenly. As long as the
wheels are rolling, you will have steering control.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-15
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you cannot see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But
as we get older these differences increase. A
50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your
eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night.
4-16
But if you are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night.
They may cut down on glare from headlamps, but
they also make a lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare, as from a driver
who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps, slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep
your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and
are not even aware of it.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and
traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road,
and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer fluid
reservoir filled with washer fluid. Replace your
windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of
streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when
strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.
{CAUTION:
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to
go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you cannot, try to slow down before you
hit them.
4-17
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and
you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in
one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is
standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles, or other vehicles, and
raindrops dimple the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If
you cannot avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
4-18
Driving Through Flowing Water
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of
flowing water can carry away a smaller vehicle.
If this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore police
warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious
about trying to drive through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires
on page 5-47.
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-20.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-19
Freeway Driving
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check
traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with
the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the
prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your
mirrors, and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your blind spot.
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or
superhighways — are the safest of all roads.
But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
4-20
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do
not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed
according to your speedometer, not to your sense
of motion. After driving for any distance at higher
speeds, you may tend to think you are going slower
than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
and shoes you can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you
will find experienced and able service experts in GM
dealerships all across North America. They will be ready
and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-21
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as highway hypnosis?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the
wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Do
not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can
leave the road in less than a second, and you could
crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service, or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
4-22
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system,
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Always
have your engine running and your vehicle in
gear when you go downhill.
• Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest gear
possible.
If you do not shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down
to let your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
• Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds
that let you stay in your own lane.
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
could be something in your lane, like a stalled car or
an accident.
• You may see highway signs on mountains that
warn of special problems. Examples are long
grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks
area, or winding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
4-23
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
Also see Tires on page 5-47.
4-24
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And,
if you will be driving under severe conditions, include
a small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet, or a couple of
burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You
will have a lot less traction, or grip, and will need to be
very careful.
What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold snow
or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice
can be even more trouble because it may offer the least
traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is about
freezing, 32°F (0°C), and freezing rain begins to fall. Try
to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing,
or loose snow — drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If
you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and
polish the surface under the tires even more.
Unless you have the anti-lock braking system (ABS),
you will want to brake very gently, too. If you do
have ABS, see Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) on
page 4-6. This system improves your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road.
Whether you have ABS or not, you will want to begin
stopping sooner than you would on dry pavement.
Without ABS, if you feel your vehicle begin to slide, let
up on the brakes a little. Push the brake pedal down
steadily to get the most traction you can.
4-25
Remember, unless you have ABS, if you brake so hard
that your wheels stop rolling, you will just slide. Brake
so your wheels always keep rolling and you can
still steer.
• Whatever your braking system, allow greater
following distance on any slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On
an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun cannot reach, such
as around clumps of trees, behind buildings,
or under bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve
or an overpass may remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. If you see a patch of
ice ahead of you, brake before you are on it. Try not
to brake while you are actually on the ice, and
avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
4-26
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near
help and you can hike through the snow. Here are
some things to do to summon help and keep yourself
and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you have been stopped by the snow.
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you do not have blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags,
rags, floor mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You cannot see it
or smell it, so you might not know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
base of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that is away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little
faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and
it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
4-27
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeat this only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help
keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do
some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until
help comes.
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to
spin your wheels too fast. The method known as rocking
can help you get out when you are stuck, but you
must use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be
injured. And, the transaxle or other parts of the
vehicle can overheat. That could cause an
engine compartment fire or other damage.
When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little
as possible. Do not spin the wheels above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of
your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
wheels too fast while shifting your transaxle back
and forth, you can destroy your transaxle. See
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out on page 4-29.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see Tire Chains on page 5-60.
4-28
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
Loading Your Vehicle
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That
will clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift
back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward
gear, spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release
the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press
lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in
gear. By slowly spinning your wheels in the forward
and reverse directions, you will cause a rocking motion
that may free your vehicle. If that does not get you
out after a few tries, you may need to be towed out. If
you do need to be towed out, see Towing Your
Vehicle on page 4-34.
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants,
cargo and all nonfactory-installed options. Two labels
on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the
Certification label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either
the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your
vehicle can break, and it can change the way
your vehicle handles. These could cause you
to lose control and crash. Also, overloading
can shorten the life of your vehicle.
4-29
Tire and Loading Information Label
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading Information label is
attached to the vehicle’s center pillar (B-pillar). With
the driver’s door open, you will find the label attached
below the door lock post (striker). The tire and
loading information label shows the number of occupant
seating positions (A), and the maximum vehicle
capacity weight (B) in kilograms and pounds.
The Tire and Loading Information label also shows the
tire size of the original equipment tires (C) and the
recommended cold tire inflation pressures (D). For more
information on tires and inflation see Tires on page 5-47
and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-53.
Label Example
4-30
There is also important loading information on the
Certification label. It tells you the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for the front and rear axle; see
“Certification Label” later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of
occupants and cargo should never exceed
XXX kg or XXX pounds” on your vehicle placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of
cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if
the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs and there will be
five 150 lb passengers in your vehicle, the amount
of available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from
your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual to determine how this reduces
the available cargo and luggage load capacity of
your vehicle.
If your vehicle can tow a trailer, see Towing a Trailer
on page 4-38 for important information on towing a
trailer, towing safety rules, and trailering tips.
Example 1
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
300 lbs (136 kg)
700 lbs (317 kg)
4-31
Example 2
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Example 3
Total
Item
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
A
750 lbs (340 kg)
B
250 lbs (113 kg)
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
(91 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s Tire and Loading Information
label for specific information about your vehicle’s
capacity weight and seating positions. The combined
weight of the driver, passengers, and cargo should
never exceed your vehicle’s capacity weight.
4-32
Certification Label
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it
out. Do not carry more than 132 lbs (60 kg) in your
trunk.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either
the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your
vehicle can break, and it can change the way
your vehicle handles. These could cause you
to lose control and crash. Also, overloading
can shorten the life of your vehicle.
A vehicle specific Certification label, found on the rear
edge of the driver’s door, tells you the gross weight
capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the weight of
the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo. Never exceed
the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for either the front or rear axle.
4-33
If you put things inside your vehicle — like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else — they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn
quickly, or if there is a crash, they will keep going.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
{CAUTION:
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
• Put things in the trunk or rear area of your
vehicle. In a trunk, put them as far forward
as you can. Try to spread the weight
evenly. If you have fold-down rear seats,
you will find four anchors on the back wall
of your trunk. You can use these anchors
to tie down lighter loads. They are not
strong enough for heavy things, however,
so put them as far forward as you can in
the trunk or rear area.
• Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
CAUTION:
4-34
(Continued)
• Do not leave a seat folded down unless
you need to.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle — such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your
vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly
towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels on
the ground and two wheels up on a device known as
a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicle can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing”, following.
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional for
additional advice and equipment recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you
would prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll
want to make sure your vehicle is prepared to be
towed. See Before Leaving on a Long Trip on
page 4-21.
4-35
Dinghy Towing
To tow your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground,
follow these steps:
4. To prevent your battery from draining while the
vehicle is being towed, remove the following
fuse from the engine compartment fuse
block: 20 IBCM 1. See “Engine Compartment Fuse
Block” under Fuses on page 5-83.
5. Turn the ignition switch to ACC.
6. Shift your transaxle to NEUTRAL (N).
7. Release the parking brake.
Remember to install the fuses once you reach your
destination. To reinstall a fuse do the following:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Remove the key from the ignition switch.
3. Reinstall the fuse.
Notice: If you exceed 65 mph (105 km/h) while
towing your vehicle, it could be damaged. Never
exceed 65 mph (105 km/h) while towing your vehicle.
1. Position the vehicle to tow and then secure it.
2. Turn the ignition switch to off.
3. Set the parking brake.
4-36
Dolly Towing
To tow your vehicle with a dolly and two wheels on the
ground, follow these steps:
Notice: Towing your vehicle from the rear could
damage it. Also, repairs would not be covered by
the warranty. Never have your vehicle towed
from the rear.
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position with a clamping device designed for towing.
5. Release the parking brake.
4-37
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment and
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well — or even
at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. You may also damage your
vehicle; the resulting repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Pull a trailer only if
you have followed all the steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice and information
about towing a trailer with your vehicle.
4-38
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with a
3.5L V6 engine and the proper trailer towing equipment.
To identify what the vehicle trailering capacity is for
your vehicle, you should read the information in “Weight
of the Trailer” that appears later in this section. But
trailering is different than just driving your vehicle
by itself. Trailering means changes in handling, durability
and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested,
important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of
these are important for your safety and that of your
passengers. So please read this section carefully before
you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine
is required to operate at relatively higher speeds and
under greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more,
the trailer adds considerably to wind resistance,
increasing the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull a Trailer
Weight of the Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
• There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live
but also where you’ll be driving. A good source for
this information can be state or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
• Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your
engine, axle or other parts could be damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at
the heavier loads.
• Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h),
to save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
• the weight of the trailer,
• the weight of the trailer tongue
• and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs (450 kg).
But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
When towing a trailer on long uphill grades while the
outside temperature is above 85°F (29°C), reduce your
vehicle speed to 45 mph (72 km/h) to avoid overheating
the engine cooling system.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Chevrolet Customer Assistance
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
4-39
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight
of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you
may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in
the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must add the
tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle will
be carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29 for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should
weigh 10 to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer
weight (B).
4-40
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights
are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them
right simply by moving some items around in the
trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper limit
for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the Tire
and Loading Information label. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-29. Then be sure you don’t go over
the GVW limit for your vehicle, including the weight
of the trailer tongue.
Hitches
Safety Chains
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to
the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn
with your rig. And, never allow safety chains to drag on
the ground.
• The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended
for hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to
the bumper.
• Will you have to make any holes in the body of
your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If
you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get
into your vehicle. See Engine Exhaust on
page 2-32. Dirt and water can, too.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes?
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain
them properly. And because you may have anti-lock
brakes, do not try to tap into your vehicle’s hydraulic
brake system. If you do, both systems won’t work well,
or at all.
4-41
Driving with a Trailer
Passing
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be
sure the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
4-42
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike
soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need additional
wiring. Check with your dealer. The arrows on your
instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a turn or
lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps
will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
When towing a trailer on long uphill grades while the
outside temperature is above 85°F (29°C), reduce your
vehicle speed to 45 mph (72 km/h) to avoid overheating
the engine cooling system.
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
Pay attention to the engine coolant gage. If the indicator
is in the red area, turn off the air conditioning to
reduce engine load. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-24.
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake and shift into PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-43
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
• start your engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store
the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. Things that are especially important
in trailer operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, drive belt, cooling system and brake
system. Each of these is covered in this manual, and
the Index will help you find them quickly. If you’re
trailering, it’s a good idea to review this information
before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-24.
4-44
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-4
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your
Vehicle ......................................................5-5
Fuel ................................................................5-5
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-5
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-6
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-7
Filling the Tank ..............................................5-8
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................5-10
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-10
Hood Release ..............................................5-11
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-12
Engine Oil ...................................................5-15
Engine Oil Life System ..................................5-18
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-20
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ..............................5-21
Engine Coolant .............................................5-22
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..................5-24
Engine Overheating .......................................5-24
Cooling System ............................................5-26
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-30
Brakes ........................................................5-32
Battery ........................................................5-35
Jump Starting ...............................................5-36
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-41
Halogen Bulbs ..............................................5-41
Headlamps ..................................................5-41
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps .........................................5-43
Replacement Bulbs .......................................5-45
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-45
Tires ..............................................................5-47
Tire Sidewall Labelling ...................................5-48
Tire Terminology and Definitions .....................5-50
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-53
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-54
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-55
Buying New Tires .........................................5-56
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-57
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-58
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-58
Tire Chains ..................................................5-60
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-61
Changing a Flat Tire .....................................5-62
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................5-63
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire ................................................5-65
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ............5-70
Compact Spare Tire ......................................5-73
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Appearance Care ............................................5-73
Fabric/Carpet ...............................................5-74
Vinyl ...........................................................5-75
Leather .......................................................5-76
Ultra Lux Suede ...........................................5-76
Instrument Panel ..........................................5-76
Interior Plastic Components ............................5-76
Glass Surfaces .............................................5-77
Care of Safety Belts ......................................5-77
Weatherstrips ...............................................5-77
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................5-77
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .....................5-78
Finish Care ..................................................5-78
Windshield and Wiper Blades .........................5-78
Aluminum Wheels .........................................5-79
Tires ...........................................................5-79
Sheet Metal Damage .....................................5-80
Finish Damage .............................................5-80
Underbody Maintenance ................................5-80
Chemical Paint Spotting .................................5-80
5-2
Vehicle Identification ......................................5-82
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .................5-82
Service Parts Identification Label .....................5-82
Electrical System ............................................5-83
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..........................5-83
Headlamp Wiring ..........................................5-83
Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................5-83
Power Windows and Other Power Options .......5-83
Fuses .........................................................5-83
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ..........................5-84
Engine Compartment Fuse Block ....................5-86
Rear Compartment Fuse Block .......................5-88
Capacities and Specifications ..........................5-91
Service
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
California Proposition 65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain and/or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and systems
(including some inside the vehicle), many fluids, and
some component wear by-products contain and/or emit
these chemicals.
5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts,
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts, and
other fasteners. English and metric
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
5-4
If you want to do some of your own service work, you
will want to use the proper service manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your vehicle than
this manual can. To order the proper service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 7-11.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see Servicing Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-74.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See Maintenance Record on page 6-14.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind
noise and affect windshield washer performance. Check
with your dealer before adding equipment to the
outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane
of 87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may
get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this
occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as
soon as possible. Otherwise, you might damage
your engine. A little pinging noise when you accelerate
or drive uphill is considered normal. This does not
indicate a problem exists or that a higher-octane fuel is
necessary. If you are using 87 octane or higher-octane
fuel and hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service.
Gasoline Specifications
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide Fuel
Charter which is available from the Alliance of Automobile
Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org/fuel_charter.htm.
Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasoline.
5-5
California Fuel
Additives
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emissions
Standards, it is designed to operate on fuels that
meet California specifications. See the underhood
emission control label. If this fuel is not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp may turn on and your vehicle may fail a
smog-check test. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-41. If this occurs, return to your authorized GM
dealer for diagnosis. If it is determined that the
condition is caused by the type of fuel used, repairs
may not be covered by your warranty.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work
properly. In most cases, you should not have to add
anything to your fuel. However, some gasolines contain
only the minimum amount of additive required to
meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
General Motors recommends that you buy gasolines
that are advertised to help keep fuel injectors and intake
valves clean. If your vehicle experiences problems
due to dirty injectors or valves, try a different brand of
gasoline. Also, your GM dealer has additives that
will help correct and prevent most deposit-related
problems.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
5-6
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you buy
gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors
does not recommend the use of such gasolines.
Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs
and the performance of the emission control system
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized GM
dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
5-7
Filling the Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to
you and others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island. Turn off your
engine when you are refueling. Do not smoke
if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle.
Keep sparks, flames, and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel pump
unattended when refueling your vehicle — this
is against the law in some places. Keep
children away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
The tethered fuel cap is located behind a hinged fuel
door on the passenger’s side of the vehicle. To open the
door, insert your finger into the finger depression next
to the fuel door.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly counterclockwise.
The fuel cap has a spring in it; if the cap is released
too soon, it will spring back to the right.
While refueling, hang the tethered fuel cap from the
hook on the fuel door.
5-8
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something ignites it,
you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out
on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly.
This spray can happen if your tank is nearly
full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open
the fuel cap slowly and wait for any hiss noise
to stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill the
tank and wait a few seconds after you have finished
pumping before removing the nozzle. Clean fuel
from painted surfaces as soon as possible. See
Washing Your Vehicle on page 5-77.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it clockwise until it
clicks. Make sure the cap is fully installed. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. This would allow fuel
to evaporate into the atmosphere. See Malfunction
Indicator Lamp on page 3-41.
The CHECK GAS CAP message will be displayed on
the Driver Information Center (DIC) if the fuel cap is not
properly installed. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-52 for more information.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not
remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel by
shutting off the pump or by notifying the
station attendant. Leave the area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-41.
5-9
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed, or
on any surface other than the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-10
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the hood release
handle with this symbol
on it. It is located
inside the vehicle to
the left of the steering
column.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and push the
secondary hood release handle toward the driver’s
side of the vehicle.
3. Lift the hood.
4. Release the hood prop rod from its retainer and put
the hood prop into the slot marked with an arrow.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are
on properly. Then lift the hood to relieve pressure on the
hood prop. Remove the hood prop from the slot in the
hood and return the prop to its retainer. Lower the hood
8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm) above the vehicle and
release it to latch fully. Check to make sure the hood is
closed and repeat the procedure if necessary.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 2.2L L4 engine, here is what you will see:
5-12
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-20.
B. Engine Oil Dipstick. See “Checking Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 5-15.
C. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 5-15.
D. Engine Coolant Surge Tank. See Cooling System on
page 5-26.
E. Brake Fluid Reservoir. See “Brake Fluid” under
Brakes on page 5-32.
F. Battery. See Battery on page 5-35.
G. Engine Compartment Fuse Block. See Engine
Compartment Fuse Block on page 5-86.
H. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See “Adding
Washer Fluid” under Windshield Washer Fluid
on page 5-30.
5-13
When you open the hood on the 3.5L V6 engine, here is what you will see:
5-14
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-20.
B. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 5-15.
C. Engine Oil Dipstick. See “Checking Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 5-15.
D. Engine Coolant Surge Tank. See Cooling System on
page 5-26.
E. Brake Fluid Reservoir. See “Brake Fluid” under
Brakes on page 5-32.
F. Battery. See Battery on page 5-35.
G. Engine Compartment Fuse Block. See Engine
Compartment Fuse Block on page 5-86.
H. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See “Adding
Washer Fluid” under Windshield Washer Fluid
on page 5-30.
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine oil dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes
to drain back into the oil pan. If you do not do this,
the oil dipstick might not show the actual level.
2. Pull the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it
again, keeping the tip down and check the level.
5-15
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is below the MIN (minimum) mark, you will
need to add at least one quart/liter of oil. But you must
use the right kind. This section explains what kind of
oil to use. For engine oil crankcase capacity, see
Capacities and Specifications on page 5-91.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
5-16
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the
engine oil fill cap.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the
way back in when you are through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is best
for your vehicle.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should also
have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM
Standard GM6094M. You should look for and use
only an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.
You should look for this information on the oil container,
and use only those oils that are identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
5-17
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and showing the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol that meet GM Standard
GM6094M are all you will need for good performance
and engine protection.
Engine Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is
based on engine revolutions and engine temperature,
and not on mileage. Based on driving conditions,
the mileage at which an oil change will be indicated can
vary considerably. For the oil life system to work
properly, you must reset the system every time the oil is
changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A Change Oil Soon message will come on.
Change your oil as soon as possible within the next
600 miles (1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are
driving under the best conditions, the oil life system may
not indicate that an oil change is necessary for over a
year. However, your engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at this time the system
must be reset. Your dealer has GM-trained service
people who will perform this work using genuine GM
parts and reset the system. It is also important to check
your oil regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed.
5-18
How to Reset the Engine Oil Life
System
The Engine Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use.
Anytime your oil is changed, reset the system so it can
calculate when the next oil change is required. If a
situation occurs where you change your oil prior to a
Change Oil Soon message being turned on, reset
the system.
After changing the engine oil, reset the system by
performing the following steps:
1. Display OIL LIFE RESET on the DIC.
2. Press and hold the ENTER button for at least
one second. An ACKNOWLEDGED display
message will appear for three seconds or until the
next button is pressed. This will tell you the
system has been reset.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it
in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by
taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have a
problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask
your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
for help.
3. Turn the key to OFF.
If the Change Oil Soon message comes back on when
you start your vehicle, the engine oil life system has
not reset. Repeat the procedure.
5-19
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
To inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/filter, do the
following:
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine air cleaner/filter.
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at the Maintenance II
intervals and replace it at the first oil change after each
50,000 mile (83 000 km) interval. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4 for more information. If you
are driving in dusty/dirty conditions, inspect the filter
at each engine oil change.
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter from
the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt, a
new filter is required.
1. Remove the screws that hold the cover on.
2. Disconnect the electrical connector.
3. Lift off the cover.
4. Inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
5. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the cover and
reconnect the electrical connector.
5-20
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned.
The air cleaner not only cleans the air; it helps
to stop flames if the engine backfires. If it is
not there and the engine backfires, you could
be burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when you
are driving.
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid level. A
transaxle fluid leak is the only reason for fluid loss.
If a leak occurs, take your vehicle to the dealership
service department and have it repaired as soon
as possible.
Change the fluid and filter at the intervals listed in
Additional Required Services on page 6-6, and be sure
to use the transaxle fluid listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Notice: Use of the incorrect automatic transaxle
fluid may damage your vehicle, and the damages
may not be covered by your warranty. Always
use the automatic transaxle fluid listed in
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
5-21
Engine Coolant
What to Use
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for five years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will not damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you do
not need to add anything else.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on
page 5-24.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
•
•
•
•
•
Give freezing protection down to −34°F (−37°C).
Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
5-22
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost would not be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
The engine coolant surge tank is located in the rear of
the engine compartment. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for more information on location.
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the FULL
COLD mark or slightly higher.
If the LOW COOLANT message is displayed in the
Driver Information Center (DIC), it means you are low
on engine coolant. Have the system serviced by a
technician as soon as possible. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-52 for more information.
5-23
Adding Coolant
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool. If the surge tank is empty, a special fill
procedure is necessary. See Engine Overheating
on page 5-24 and Cooling System on page 5-26.
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed,
coolant loss and possible engine damage may
occur. Be sure the cap is properly and tightly
secured.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight and fully seated.
5-24
Engine Overheating
You will find an engine coolant temperature gage as
well as an engine coolant temperature warning light on
your vehicle’s instrument panel cluster. See Engine
Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-40 and Engine
Coolant Temperature Warning Light on page 3-40.
You will also find a LOW COOLANT warning message
displayed on your Driver Information Center (DIC).
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-52.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay
away from the engine if you see or hear steam
coming from it. Just turn it off and get
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You
or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engine is cool.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
An overheat warning, along with a LOW COOLANT
message, can indicate a serious problem.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no LOW
COOLANT message, but see or hear no steam,
the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes the
engine can get a little too hot when you:
•
•
•
•
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-25
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in NEUTRAL (N)
while stopped. If it is safe to do so, pull off the road,
shift to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the
engine idle.
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is what
you will see:
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the windows as necessary.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning does not come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you are parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of
the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-26
3.5L V6 Engine shown; 2.2L L4 Engine similar
A. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
B. Engine Coolant Surge Tank
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood
can start up even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them. If
you do, you can be burned.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling, do
not do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
The coolant level should be at or above the FULL
COLD mark on the front of the coolant surge tank. If it
is not, you may have a leak at the pressure cap or in the
radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or
somewhere else in the cooling system.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If you
run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That
could cause an engine fire, and you could be
burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive the
vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they are not, your vehicle needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant is not covered by your warranty.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
5-27
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
Notice: This vehicle has a specific coolant fill
procedure. Failure to follow this procedure could
cause your engine to overheat and be severely
damaged.
If you have not found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level is not at or above the FULL COLD
mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOL® coolant at the coolant surge tank, but
be sure the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is cool before you do it. See
Engine Coolant on page 5-22 for more information.
5-28
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant as
follows:
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the coolant
surge tank pressure cap — even a little — they
can come out at high speed. Never turn the
cap when the cooling system, including the
coolant surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait
for the cooling system and coolant surge tank
pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn
the pressure cap.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
1. You can remove the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap when the
cooling system,
including the coolant
surge tank pressure
cap and upper radiator
hose, is no longer hot.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise
(left) about two or two and one-half turns.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. This will
allow any pressure still left to be vented out
the discharge hose.
5-29
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start
the engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower than
the FULL COLD mark, add more of the proper
mixture to the coolant surge tank until the level
reaches the FULL COLD mark.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure cap is hand-tight and fully seated.
See your dealer, if necessary.
Windshield Washer Fluid
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly, and
remove it.
3. Fill the coolant surge tank with the proper mixture,
to the FULL COLD mark on the front of the surge
tank. Wait about five minutes, then check to
see if the level is below the FULL COLD mark. If
the level is below the FULL COLD mark, add
additional coolant to bring the level up to the mark.
Repeat this procedure until the level remains
constant at the FULL COLD mark for at least
five minutes.
5-30
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will
be operating your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
When the windshield washer fluid reservoir is low, a
LOW WASHER FLUID message will be displayed on the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-52 for more information.
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it. Add
washer fluid until the
tank is full. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for reservoir
location.
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow
the manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts
of the washer system. Also, water does not
clean as well as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters
full when it is very cold. This allows for
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your washer
system and paint.
5-31
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder
reservoir is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the
reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is
that fluid is leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you
should have your brake system fixed, since a leak
means that sooner or later your brakes will not work
well, or will not work at all.
5-32
So, it is not a good idea to top off your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you will have too
much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should
add or remove brake fluid, as necessary, only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-37.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-12.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help
keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system
parts so badly that they will have to be replaced.
Do not let someone put in the wrong kind of
fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged. Be
careful not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle. If
you do, wash it off immediately. See Washing
Your Vehicle on page 5-77.
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or
they may not even work at all. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper brake
fluid.
5-33
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and may have rear
drum brakes or rear disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving, except when you are pushing on the
brake pedal firmly.
{CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon your brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear the
brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle
serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
If you have rear drum brakes, they do not have wear
indicators, but if you ever hear a rear brake rubbing
noise, have the rear brake linings inspected immediately.
Also, the rear brake drums should be removed and
inspected each time the tires are removed for rotation or
changing. When you have the front brake pads
replaced, have the rear brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
5-34
Replacing Brake System Parts
Battery
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your
vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality GM
brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system — for example, when your brake linings
wear down and you need new ones put in — be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you do
not, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change — for the worse. The braking
performance you have come to expect can change
in many other ways if someone puts in the wrong
replacement brake parts.
Your vehicle has a maintenance free battery. When it is
time for a new battery, get one that has the replacement
number shown on the original battery’s label. We
recommend an ACDelco® replacement battery. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for battery
location.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
5-35
Vehicle Storage
Jump Starting
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (−) cable from the
battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
If your vehicle’s battery has run down, you may want to
use another vehicle and some jumper cables to start
your vehicle. Be sure to use the following steps to do it
safely.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
are not careful. See Jump Starting on
page 5-36 for tips on working around a battery
without getting hurt.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some
or all of these things can hurt you.
5-36
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that would not be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it
will not work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles are not touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you do not want. You would not be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding
could damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transaxle in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in
NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Always turn off your radio and
other accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or the accessory power outlet. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that are not needed. This
will avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And
it could save the radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (−) terminal locations on
each vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more information on location.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
5-37
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do
not need to add water to the battery installed
in your new vehicle. But if a battery has filler
caps, be sure the right amount of fluid is there.
If it is low, add water to take care of that first.
If you do not, explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it
in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help immediately.
5-38
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
things you should know. Positive (+) will go
to positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or you
will get a short that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts too. And do not connect the
negative (−) cable to the negative (−) terminal on
the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
{CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
8. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal of the good battery. Use a
remote negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until the
next step. The other end of the negative (−) cable
does not go to the dead battery. It goes to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with the
dead battery.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the dead battery.
7. Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect it to
the positive (+) terminal of the good battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−) cable at
least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move. The electrical
connection is just as good there, and the chance
of sparks getting back to the battery is much less.
If the security light flashes, wait until the light
stops flashing.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery. If
it will not start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
5-39
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting may
occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always connect
and remove the jumper cables in the correct
order, making sure that the cables do not touch
each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles, do
the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-40
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For the proper type of replacement bulbs, see
Replacement Bulbs on page 5-45.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Halogen Bulbs
{CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside
and can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb.
You or others could be injured. Be sure to read
and follow the instructions on the bulb
package.
A. High-Beam Headlamp
B. Low-Beam Headlamp
C. Front Turn Signal/Parking Lamp/DRL
5-41
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on page 5-11
for more information.
2. Remove the two bolts attaching the headlamp
assembly to the vehicle.
3. Remove the headlamp assembly from the vehicle
by pulling it forward. Use care not to scratch the
vehicle with the lamp or the lamp with the fender.
5-42
4. Remove the rubber covers (A, B, C) from the
individual sockets.
5. Unclip the wiring
harness and twist the
socket less than
one-quarter turn
counterclockwise and
remove it.
6. Remove the bulb from
the socket. Replace
the old bulb with a
new bulb.
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps
and Back-up Lamps
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Open the trunk. See Hood Release on page 5-11
for more information.
7. Turn the socket back into place and reconnect the
wiring harness to the socket.
8. Return the lamp assembly to its original position.
Be sure to line up the holes in the lamp assembly
to the round ends of the mounting pins.
9. Reinstall the two bolts attaching the headlamp
assembly to the vehicle.
A. Taillamp
B. Back-Up Lamp
C. Taillamp/Stoplamp/Turn Signal Lamp
5-43
2. Remove the
two fasteners
located on the inside
of the trunk at the
rear of the vehicle.
3. Pull back the trunk trim.
4. Remove the plastic wing nut.
5. Pull out the taillamp assembly and turn the bulb
socket one quarter turn counterclockwise.
5-44
6. Pull the bulb to remove
it from the socket.
Replace the old bulb
with a new one.
7. Reverse the steps to attach the taillamp assembly
to the vehicle.
When securing the lamp assembly back into place,
align the assembly so that the trunk lid doesn’t
contact it.
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamp
Back-Up
Front Parking/Turn Signal Lamp
Headlamps
High-Beam
Low-Beam
Taillamp/Stoplamp/Turn
Signal Lamp
Bulb Number
921
3157KX
H-9
H-11
3057
For replacement bulbs not listed here, contact your
dealer.
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected for wear
and cracking. See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
To replace the wiper blade, do the following:
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield.
2. Press the tab that holds the wiper blade to the arm.
3. Pull the assembly down to release it from the
U-hooked end of the wiper arm and slide the
assembly away from the arm.
4. Slide in the new wiper blade assembly and snap it
into place.
5. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 for the other wiper, if
necessary.
5-45
Rear Wiper Blade Replacement – Maxx
To replace the rear wiper blade, do the following:
1. Pull the wiper blade assembly away from the
window.
3. Hold the wiper blade refill with the curved side
facing downward.
2. Pull the wiper blade out of the wiper blade
assembly, as shown.
4. Remove clip A, shown above, and slide it into the
claw of the wiper blade assembly.
5-46
{CAUTION:
5. Remove clip B, shown above, and slide it into the
remaining claw of the wiper blade assembly.
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty booklet for details. For additional
information refer to the tire manufacturer’s booklet
included with your vehicle’s Owner Manual.
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-29.
• Underinflated tires pose the same danger
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be
checked when your tires are cold. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-53.
• Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
• Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If
your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
5-47
Tire Sidewall Labelling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall. The examples below show a typical passenger
vehicle tire and a compact spare tire sidewall.
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a TPC
specification code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s TPC
specifications meet or exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(C) DOT (Department of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT (Department of Transportation)
code is the Tire Identification Number (TIN). The
TIN shows the manufacturer and plant code, tire size,
and date the tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded
onto both sides of the tire, although only one side
may have the date of manufacture.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire Example
(A) Tire Size: The tire size is a combination of letters
and numbers used to define a particular tire’s width,
height, aspect ratio, construction type and service
description. See the “Tire Size” illustration later in this
section for more detail.
5-48
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on three
performance factors: treadwear, traction and
temperature resistance. For more information see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-57.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load.
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following the DOT (Department of
Transportation) code is the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer and
plant code, tire size, and date the tire was manufactured.
The TIN is molded onto both sides of the tire, although
only one side may have the date of manufacture.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load.
(E) Tire Inflation: The temporary use tire or compact
spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi (420 kPa).
For more information on tire pressure and inflation see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-53.
Compact Spare Tire Example
(A) Temporary Use Only: The compact spare tire or
temporary use tire has a tread life of approximately
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and should not be driven
at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h). The compact spare
tire is for emergency use when a regular road tire
has lost air and gone flat. If your vehicle has a compact
spare tire, see Compact Spare Tire on page 5-73
and If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-61.
(F) Tire Size: A combination of letters and numbers
define a tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type and service description. The letter T as the
first character in the tire size means the tire is for
temporary use only.
(G) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a TPC
specification code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s TPC
specifications meet or exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
5-49
Tire Size
The following illustration shows an example of a typical
passenger vehicle tire size.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The
letter R means radial ply construction; the letter D
means diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter B
means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter P as the
first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the U.S. Tire
and Rim Association.
(F) Service Description: These characters represent
the load range and speed rating of the tire. The load
index represents the load carry capacity a tire is certified
to carry. The load index can range from 1 to 279. The
speed rating is the maximum speed a tire is certified
to carry a load. Speed ratings range from A to Z.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air pressure
is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascal (kPa).
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates
the tire height-to-width measurements. For example, if
the tire size aspect ratio is 60, as shown in item C of the
illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall is
60 percent as high as it is wide.
Accessory Weight: This means the combined weight
of optional accessories. Some examples of optional
accessories are, automatic transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height to its
width.
5-50
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be made
from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by
steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies are
laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Cold Inflation Pressure: The amount of air pressure in
a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up heat
from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-53.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but
without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall of a
tire signifying that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) motor vehicle
safety standards. The DOT code includes the Tire
Identification Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designator
which can also identify the tire manufacturer, production
plant, brand and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
axle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle,
see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from 1 to 279
that corresponds to the load carrying capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of curb
weight; accessory weight; vehicle capacity weight;
and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of occupants a
vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 150 lbs (68 kg).
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
5-51
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that faces
outward when mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire
that contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or
bears manufacturer, brand, and/or model name molding
that is higher or deeper than the same moldings on
the other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on passenger
cars and some light duty trucks and multipurpose
vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure and
shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-53 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread and
the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to a
tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tire
can operate.
5-52
Traction: The friction between the tire and the road
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into contact
with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called “wear bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread remains. See
When It Is Time for New Tires on page 5-55.
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards): A
tire information system that provides consumers with
ratings for a tire’s traction, temperature, and treadwear.
Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are molded
into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-57.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of designated
seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs (68 kg) plus
the rated cargo load. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight,
occupant weight, and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the vehicle’s capacity weight and
the original equipment tire size and recommended
inflation pressure. See “Tire and Loading Information
Label” under Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to operate
effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right. It is not.
If your tires do not have enough air (under-inflation),
you can get the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Premature or irregular wear
For additional information regarding how much weight
your vehicle can carry, and an example of the tire
and loading information label, see Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29. How you load your vehicle affects
vehicle handling and ride comfort, never load your
vehicle with more weight than it was designed to carry.
Poor handling
When to Check
Reduced fuel economy
Check your tires once a month or more. Do not forget to
check the compact spare tire, it should be at 60 psi
(420 kPa). For additional information regarding
the compact spare tire, see Compact Spare Tire on
page 5-73.
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation), you
can get the following:
•
•
•
•
A Tire and Loading Information label is attached to the
vehicle’s center pillar (B-pillar), below the driver’s
door latch. This label shows your vehicle’s original
equipment tires and the correct inflation pressures for
your tires when they are cold. The recommended
cold tire inflation pressure, shown on the label, is the
minimum amount of air pressure needed to support your
vehicle’s maximum load carrying capacity.
Unusual wear
Poor handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards
5-53
How to Check
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are properly
inflated simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they are under-inflated.
Check the tire’s inflation pressure when the tires
are cold. Cold means your vehicle has been
sitting for at least three hours or driven no more
than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem. Press
the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a pressure
measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure matches
the recommended pressure on the Tire and Loading
Information label, no further adjustment is necessary.
If the inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4.
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time
for New Tires on page 5-55 and Wheel Replacement
on page 5-58 for more information.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Re-check the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
5-54
Do not include the compact spare tire in your tire
rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire and
Loading Information label.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” under Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-91.
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it is
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a
scraper or wire brush later, if needed, to get all
the rust or dirt off. See Changing a Flat Tire on
page 5-62.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
cannot be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
5-55
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires your vehicle
needs, look at the tire and loading information label. For
more information about this label and its location on
your vehicle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
{CAUTION:
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
GM recommends that you get tires with that same
TPC Spec number. That way your vehicle will continue
to have tires that are designed to give proper
endurance, handling, speed rating, load range, traction,
ride and other things during normal service on your
vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread design,
the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes,
brands, or types (radial and bias-belted tires),
the vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes, brands, or types may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the
correct size, brand, and type of tires on all
wheels. It is all right to drive with your
compact spare temporarily, as it was
developed for use on your vehicle. See
Compact Spare Tire on page 5-73.
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
5-56
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
5-57
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can
cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
If you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle pulling
one way or the other, the alignment may need to
be reset. If you notice your vehicle vibrating when driving
on a smooth road, your wheels may need to be
rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
5-58
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM
original equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to
have the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-62 for more
information.
Used Replacement Wheels
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You cannot know how it has been
used or how far it has been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause a crash. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
5-59
Tire Chains
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has P215/60R16 size tires, don’t
use tire chains, there’s not enough clearance.
Tire chains used on a vehicle without the
proper amount of clearance can cause damage
to the brakes, suspension or other vehicle
parts. The area damaged by the tire chains
could cause you to lose control of your vehicle
and you or others may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on your
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will fit,
install them on the front tires.
5-60
Notice: If your vehicle has P205/65R15 size tires,
use tire chains only where legal and only when you
must. Use only SAE Class S-type chains that are
the proper size for your tires. Install them on
the front tires and tighten them as tightly as
possible with the ends securely fastened. Drive
slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s
instructions. If you can hear the chains contacting
your vehicle, stop and retighten them. If the contact
continues, slow down until it stops. Driving too
fast or spinning the wheels with chains on will
damage your vehicle.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It is unusual for a tire to blowout while you are driving,
especially if you maintain your vehicle’s tires properly.
If air goes out of a tire, it is much more likely to leak out
slowly. But if you should ever have a blowout, here
are a few tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that pulls
the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you would
use in a skid. In any rear blowout remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control
by steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may
be very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous without
the appropriate safety equipment and training.
The jack provided with your vehicle is
designed only for changing a flat tire. If it is
used for anything else, you or others could be
badly injured or killed if the vehicle slips off
the jack. Use the jack provided with your
vehicle only for changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use the
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-61
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your vehicle’s
hazard warning flashers. See Hazard Warning Flashers
on page 3-6 for more information.
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over or fall on you
or other people. You and they could be badly
injured or even killed. Find a level place to
change your tire. To help prevent the vehicle
from moving:
CAUTION:
(Continued)
To be even more certain the vehicle will not
move, you should put blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthest away from the one
being changed. That would be the tire, on the
other side, at the opposite end of the vehicle.
When your vehicle has a flat tire, use the following
example as a guide to assist you in the placement of
wheel blocks.
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in the
vehicle.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
The following information will tell you next how to use
the jack and change a tire.
5-62
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
Tire Changing Tools
The equipment you will need is in the trunk.
1. For the sedan, lift the handle on the spare tire
cover. The handle may hook on the trunk front
edge weatherstrip to hold the cover out of the way.
For the MAXX, lift the handle to release the
latch on the spare tire cover.
2. Lift and remove the cover.
Sedan shown, MAXX similar
The tools you will be using include the wrench (A) and
jack (B). The MAXX includes an additional extension.
3. Turn the wing nut counterclockwise and remove it.
Then remove the compact spare tire. See Compact
Spare Tire on page 5-73 for more information.
5-63
1. Turn the plastic wing nut counterclockwise to
loosen wheel wrench.
2. Unhook the wheel wrench from the jack.
5-64
3. Extend the handle on the wheel wrench by pressing
the button with your index finger and pulling on the
end of the wrench. You must do this before
using the wheel wrench.
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
1. If your vehicle has a wheel cover or hubcap that
has plastic wheel nut caps, loosen the plastic nut
caps. You may need to use the wheel wrench
to loosen them. Do not pry off wheel covers
or center caps that have plastic wheel nut caps.
2. Remove the wheel cover or center cap from the
wheel to locate the wheel nuts.
If your vehicle has a wheel cover or hubcap without
plastic wheel nut caps, gently pry on the edge of
the plastic wheel trim to remove it from the wheel to
locate the wheel nuts.
3. Use the wrench to loosen all the wheel nuts. Do not
remove them yet.
5-65
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get
under a vehicle when it is supported only by
a jack.
{CAUTION:
4. Position the lift head at the jack location nearest the
flat tire. Make sure all of the jack lift head is
touching the jacking flange under the body. Do not
place the jack under a body panel. The lower
body panel has an arrow to aid in locating the
jacking location.
5. Put the compact spare tire near you.
5-66
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
the places where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if needed, to get
all the rust or dirt off.
6. Raise the vehicle by turning the wrench clockwise.
Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground so
there is enough room for the compact spare tire
to fit.
7. Remove all of the wheel nuts.
9. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
8. Remove the flat tire.
5-67
10. Install the compact spare tire.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If
you do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious accident.
12. Lower the vehicle by turning the wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
11. Put the wheel nuts back on with the rounded end
toward the wheel. Tighten each nut by hand or with
the wrench until the wheel is held against the hub.
5-68
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to come loose
and even come off. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel
nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to
get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
proper torque specification. See Capacities
and Specifications on page 5-91 for wheel nut
torque specification.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification. See Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-91 for the wheel nut torque
specification.
13. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence, as shown,
with the wheel wrench.
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your compact
spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on the compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Do not try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It will not fit. Store the wheel cover and wheel
nut caps in the trunk until you have the flat tire repaired
or replaced.
5-69
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and
Tools
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
all these in the proper place.
For the sedan, store the flat tire and jack in the compact
tire compartment as follows:
1. Remove the center cap from the wheel.
2. Place the tire in the compartment, valve stem
down, with the bolt extending through the wheel
center hole.
3. Place the jack and wrench over the bolt, inside the
wheel.
4. Secure by tightening the larger wing nut onto
the bolt.
5-70
A. Cover
B. Wing Nut
C. Jack
Sedan
D. Flat Tire (Valve
Stem down)
E. Bolt
For the MAXX, store the flat tire and jack in the compact
spare tire compartment as follows:
1. Remove the bolt extension (in the yellow sleeve)
from the jack.
3. With the valve stem up, place the tire on the
compartment floor with the rear of the tire beneath
the trim panel. The tire may not lay completely
flat. Line up a wheel nut hole with the bolt.
4. With the yellow cap in place to prevent the wheel
from being scratched, screw the bolt extension
onto the bolt through the wheel nut hole.
5. Remove the plug from the center hole of the floor
cover by pressing on the tabs on the bottom of the
cover. Remove the yellow cap from the bolt
extension.
6. Fold the rear flap of the cover up and place the
cover on top of the wheel. The extension will
come through the center hole in the cover.
7. Secure the cover with the larger wing nut.
MAXX
2. Place the jack over the bolt (A) on the floor making
sure it contacts the bolt as shown. Secure it with
the bracket and nut provided.
5-71
A.
B.
C.
D.
Wing Nut
Cover
Bolt Extension
Flat Tire (Valve
Stem up)
MAXX
E. Nut
F. Bracket
G. Jack
H. Bolt
The compact spare tire is for temporary use only.
Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as
soon as you can. See Compact Spare Tire on
page 5-73. Store the compact spare tire and tools as
shown in the following diagram.
5-72
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Cover
Wing Nut
Spare Tire
Nut
Bracket
(MAXX only)
F. Jack (plus bolt
extension,
MAXX only)
G. Bolt
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
the vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on the vehicle, stop
as soon as possible and make sure the spare tire
is correctly inflated. The compact spare is made to
perform well at speeds up to 65 mph (105 km/h)
for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can
finish your trip and have the full-size tire repaired or
replaced at your convenience. Of course, it is best
to replace the spare with a full-size tire as soon as
possible. The spare tire will last longer and be in good
shape in case it is needed again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed, do
not take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
with guide rails. The compact spare can get
caught on the rails. That can damage the tire and
wheel, and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Do not use the compact spare on other vehicles.
And do not mix the compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They will not fit. Keep the
spare tire and its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains will not fit your compact spare.
Using them can damage your vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Do not use tire chains on
your compact spare.
Appearance Care
Cleaning products can be hazardous. Some are toxic.
Other cleaning products can burst into flames if a match
is struck near them or if they get on a hot part of the
vehicle. Some are dangerous if their fumes are inhaled
in an enclosed space. When anything from a container
is used to clean the vehicle, be sure to follow the
manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. Always open
the doors or windows of the vehicle when cleaning
the inside.
Never use these to clean the vehicle:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
5-73
They can all be hazardous — some more than
others — and they can all damage the vehicle, too.
Do not use any of these products unless this manual
says you can. In many uses, these will damage the
vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Fabric/Carpet
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic, and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Your GM dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric
and carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains
very well.
If the vehicle has the Ultra Lux® suede fabric, follow the
listed procedures except do not use any solvents or
dry cleaning products.
5-74
Here are some cleaning tips:
• Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
• Clean up stains as soon as you can — before
they set.
• Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
• Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
• To avoid forming a ring on fabric after spot cleaning,
clean the entire area immediately or it will set.
Most stains can be removed with club soda water. To
clean, use the following instructions:
1. For liquids: blot with a clean, soft white cloth.
For solids: remove as much as possible and
then vacuum or brush.
2. Apply club soda water to a clean, soft white cloth. Do
not over-saturate; the cloth should not drip water.
3. Clean the entire area. Avoid getting the fabric
too wet.
4. Start cleaning from the seams into the stain to
avoid a ring effect.
5. Continue cleaning, using a clean area of the cloth
each time it becomes soiled.
6. When the stain is removed, blot the cleaned area
with another dry clean, soft white cloth.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. First, try the cleaner in an inconspicuous area to
make sure the cleaner does not affect the color of
the fabric.
2. For liquids: blot the stain with a clean, soft
white cloth.
For solids: remove as much as possible and then
vacuum or brush.
3. Spray a small amount of the cleaner onto a clean,
soft white cloth. Do not apply spray directly to the
fabric.
4. Start cleaning from the seams into the stain to
avoid a ring effect.
5. Continue cleaning, using a clean area of the cloth
each time it becomes soiled.
6. When the stain is removed, blot the cleaned area
with another dry clean, soft white cloth.
7. If the cleaner leaves a ring effect, follow up with the
club soda water instructions given earlier in this
section.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee, tea,
milk, fruit, fruit juice, jelly, cheese, chocolate, vomit,
urine, and blood can be removed using the club soda
water instructions given earlier in this section. If an odor
lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat the area
with a water and baking soda solution: 1 teaspoon (5 ml)
of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml) of lukewarm water.
Let dry.
Stains caused by oil and grease can be cleaned with an
approved GM cleaner and a clean, white cloth.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. Clean with cool water and allow to dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. This
may have to be done more than once.
• Things like tar, asphalt, and shoe polish will stain if
they are not removed quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
5-75
Leather
Cosmetics: Clean with mild soapy water and a clean
white cloth.
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap
and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the leather
dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
Jelly, Syrup, and Fruit: Remove most of the solids,
then clean with warm tap water and a clean white cloth.
• For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.
• Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish, or shoe polish on leather.
• Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish,
it can harm the leather.
Ultra Lux Suede
Cleaning Ultra Lux Suede
Use a mild solution of lukewarm water and a neutral
dish soap on a soft cloth or sponge. For the following
stains, follow these instructions:
Coffee, Tea, and Milk: Blot with a clean, soft, white
cloth. Then clean with mild soapy water and a clean
white cloth.
5-76
Oil and Grease: Sprinkle baking soda on the spot,
brush, then wipe with a clean white cloth.
Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Glass Surfaces
Weatherstrips
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when cleaning
glass surfaces on your vehicle, you could scratch
the glass. When cleaning the glass on your vehicle,
use only a soft cloth and glass cleaner.
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather frequent application may be required. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Glass should be cleaned often. Your dealer can provide
an approved cleaner, or a liquid household glass
cleaner will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust
films on interior glass. See Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-81.
Washing Your Vehicle
The paint finish on the vehicle provides beauty, depth of
color, gloss retention, and durability.
Care of Safety Belts
The best way to preserve the vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Keep belts clean and dry.
Do not wash the vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Do not use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. GM-approved
cleaning products can be obtained from your dealer. See
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-81. Do
not use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the
surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft,
clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter the
vehicle.
5-77
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under Washing Your Vehicle on
page 5-77.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of the vehicle
by hand may be necessary to remove residue from
the paint finish. GM-approved cleaning products
can be obtained from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-81.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may
damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish on your vehicle.
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather,
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. To help keep the paint finish looking
new, keep the vehicle in a garage or covered whenever
possible.
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap, or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a glass
cleaning liquid or powder and water solution. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when it is rinsed
with water.
The vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage the vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
5-78
Aluminum Wheels
Notice: If you use strong soaps, chemicals,
abrasive polishes, cleaners, brushes, or cleaners
that contain acid on aluminum or chrome-plated
wheels, you could damage the surface of the
wheel(s). The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Use only GM-approved cleaners on
aluminum or chrome-plated wheels.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with mild
soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After rinsing
thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax may then
be applied.
Notice: Using chrome polish on aluminum wheels
could damage the wheels. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Use chrome polish on
chrome wheels only.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of the vehicle. Do not use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because the surface could be damaged. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle through an
automatic car wash that has silicone carbide tire
cleaning brushes, you could damage the aluminum
or chrome-plated wheels. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Never drive a vehicle
equipped with aluminum or chrome-plated wheels
through an automatic car wash that uses silicone
carbide tire cleaning brushes.
Do not take the vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Tires
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing,
always wipe off any overspray from all painted
surfaces on your vehicle.
5-79
Sheet Metal Damage
Underbody Maintenance
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan,
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the
finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal
will corrode quickly and may develop into major repair
expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your GM dealer. Larger areas
of finish damage can be corrected in your GM
dealer’s body and paint shop.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on the vehicle. This damage can
take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations,
and small, irregular dark spots etched into the
paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
5-80
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Usage
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Removes tar, road oil and
asphalt.
Chrome Cleaner and
Polish
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl.
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Chrome and Wire Wheel
Cleaner
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Finish Enhancer
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
wipe off.
Swirl Remover Polish
Removes swirl marks,
fine scratches and other
light surface
contamination.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
(cont’d)
Description
Usage
Cleaner Wax
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Foaming Tire Shine
Low Gloss
Cleans, shines and
protects in one easy step,
no wiping necessary.
Wash Wax Concentrate
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Spot Lifter
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
from carpets, vinyl and
suede upholstery.
Odor Eliminator
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on
fabrics, vinyl, suede and
carpet.
5-81
Vehicle Identification
Engine Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You will find this label on the inside of the glove box. It
is very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On
this label, you will find the following:
•
•
•
•
VIN
Model designation
Paint information
Production options and special equipment
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
5-82
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle and
the damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see Servicing
Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-74.
Headlamp Wiring
The headlamp wiring is protected by fuses, one for each
headlamp, in the fuse block. An electrical overload
will cause the lamps to turn off. If this happens, have
your headlamp wiring checked right away.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem and not snow, etc., be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Fuses in the fuse block protect the power windows and
other power accessories. When the current load is
too heavy, the fuse opens protecting the circuit until the
problem is fixed or goes away.
Fuses
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by fuses and fusible thermal links in
the wiring itself.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical
size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick a feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without — like the radio or cigarette
lighter — and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are three fuse blocks in your vehicle: one in the
center of the instrument panel, one in the engine
compartment and one in the trunk.
There is a fuse puller located on the instrument panel
fuse block. It can be used to easily remove fuses
from the fuse block.
5-83
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The instrument panel fuse block is located at on the lower front side of the console, on the passenger side of the
vehicle. To access the fuses, open the fuse panel door by pulling out.
To reinstall the door, insert the hooks at the front end first, then push the door into the console panel to secure it.
5-84
Fuses
POWER
MIRRORS
EPS
RUN/CRANK
HVAC
BLOWER
HIGH (Relay)
CLUSTER/
THEFT
ONSTAR
NOT
INSTALLED
AIRBAG (IGN)
HVAC CTRL
(BATT)
PEDAL
WIPER SW
IGN SENSOR
NOT
INSTALLED
NOT
INSTALLED
RADIO
INTERIOR
LIGHTS
Usage
Power Mirrors
Electric Power Steering
Cruise Control, Electronic Range
Select
Climate Control System
Instrument Panel Cluster, Theft
Deterrent System
OnStar® System
Not Used
Airbag System
Climate Control System
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal
Windshield Wiper/Washer Switch
Ignition Switch
Not Used
Not Used
Audio System
Overhead Lighting, Trunk/Cargo
Lighting
Fuses
REAR WIPER
HVAC
CTRL (IGN)
HVAC
BLOWER
DOOR LOCK
ROOF/
HEAT SEAT
POWER
WINDOWS
NOT
INSTALLED
NOT
INSTALLED
AIRBAG
(BATT)
FUSE PULLER
SPARE FUSE
HOLDER
SPARE FUSE
HOLDER
SPARE FUSE
HOLDER
SPARE FUSE
HOLDER
Usage
Rear Wiper System/Washer Pump
Climate Control System
Climate Control System
Automatic Door Lock System
Sunroof, Heated Seats, Automatic
Dimming Rearview Mirror
Power Window Switch
Not Used
Not Used
Airbag System
Fuse Puller
Spare
Spare
Spare
Spare
5-85
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
The engine compartment fuse block is located on the driver’s side of the vehicle, near the battery. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for more information on location.
5-86
Fuses
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Usage
A/C CLU
Electronic Throttle Control
Ignition Module
Transmission
Fuel Injectors
EMISSION 1
Left Headlamp Low-Beam
Horn
Right Headlamp Low-Beam
Front Fog Lamps
Left Headlamp High-Beam
Right Headlamp High-Beam
Powertrain Control Module (Batt)
Windshield Wiper
Anti-Lock Brake System
Powertrain Control Module (IGN 1)
Cooling Fan 1
Cooling Fan 2
RUN RELAY
IBCM 1
IBCM (R/C)
RBEC 1
RBEC 2
Fuses
24
25
26
27 (DIODE)
41
42 (Resistor)
Usage
Anti-lock Brake System
IBCM 2
STARTER
Windshield Wiper
Electric Power Steering
Brake Lamp Diagnostic
Relays
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Usage
Cooling Fan 1
Cooling Fan Mode
Cooling Fan 2
STARTER
RUN/CRANK Ignition
POWERTRAIN
A/C CLUTCH
High-Beam Headlamps
Front Fog Lamps
Horn
Low-Beam Headlamps
Windshield Wiper 1
Windshield Wiper 2
5-87
Rear Compartment Fuse Block
5-88
The rear compartment fuse block is located in the trunk
of the vehicle. Access the fuse block through the
trunk panel on the driver’s side of the rear cargo area.
Fuses
1
2
3
Usage
Not Used
Driver Seat Controls
Not Used
Fuses
4 (Resistor)
5
6
Usage
Driver Door Key Lock Cylinder
Emission
Parklamps
5-89
Fuses
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
5-90
Usage
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Sunroof Controls
Not Used
Auxiliary Power 2
Not Used
Heated Seat Controls
Not Used
Remote Keyless Entry System,
XM Satellite Radio, Rear Seat
Entertainment System, Homelink
Back-up Lamps
Not Used
Not Used
Cigarette Lighter, Auxiliary Power
Outlet
Not Used
Trunk
Fuses
23
24
25
Usage
Rear Window Defogger
Heated Mirror Controls
Fuel Pump
Relays
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38 (Diode)
Usage
Rear Window Defogger
Parklamps
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Back-up Lamps
Not Used
Not Used
Trunk
Fuel Pump
Cargo Lamps
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. Please refer to Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12 for more information.
Capacities
Application
English
Metric
1.35 lbs
0.61 kg
9.5 qt
9.0 L
2.2L L4 Engine
6.9 qt
6.5 L
3.5L V6 Engine
10.1 qt
9.6 L
5.0 qt
4.7 L
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
Automatic Transaxle Complete Overhaul
Cooling System
Engine Oil with Filter
2.2L L4 Engine
4.0 qt
3.8 L
Fuel Tank
3.5L V6 Engine
16.1 gal
61.1 L
Wheel Nut Torque
100 ft lb
140 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in this
manual.
5-91
Engine Specifications
5-92
Engine
VIN Code
Transaxle
Spark Plug Gap
2.2L L4
F
Automatic
0.042 inches (1.06 mm)
3.5L V6
8
Automatic
0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using the Maintenance Schedule ......................6-2
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-6
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-7
Owner Checks and Services ............................6-8
At Each Fuel Fill ............................................6-8
At Least Once a Month ...................................6-9
At Least Once a Year .....................................6-9
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-12
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........6-13
Maintenance Record .....................................6-14
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance is
important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level of
emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition,
be sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using the Maintenance Schedule
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts, and recommended fluids and
lubricants as prescribed in this manual are
necessary to keep your vehicle in good working
condition. Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance may not be covered by
warranty.
6-2
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do not know
exactly how you will drive it. You may drive very
short distances only a few times a week. Or you may
drive long distances all the time in very hot, dusty
weather. You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your GM Goodwrench® dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on the tire and
loading information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-5.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-6 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-7 for further information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you
can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your GM Goodwrench® dealer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, you should have your GM
Goodwrench® dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench® dealer for your
service needs, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will perform the work
using genuine GM parts.
If you want to purchase service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-11.
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 tells you what
should be checked, when to check it and what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good
condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12 and Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-13. When your vehicle is serviced,
make sure these are used. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone
else drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
6-3
Scheduled Maintenance
When the Change Oil Soon message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) comes on, it means that
service is required for your vehicle. Have your vehicle
serviced as soon as possible within the next 600 miles
(1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the engine oil life system may
not indicate that vehicle service is necessary for over
a year. However, your engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at this time the system
must be reset. Your GM Goodwrench® dealer has
GM-trained service technicians who will perform this
work using genuine GM parts and reset the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally,
you must service your vehicle within 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) since your last service. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is changed. See
Engine Oil Life System on page 5-18 for information on
the Engine Oil Life System and resetting the system.
6-4
When the Change Oil Soon message appears, certain
services, checks, and inspections are required.
Required services are described in the following for
“Maintenance I” and “Maintenance II.” Generally,
it is recommended that your first service be
Maintenance I, your second service be Maintenance II,
and that you alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases, Maintenance II
may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the message
comes on within 10 months since the vehicle was
purchased or Maintenance II was performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the message comes on
10 months or more since the last service or if the
message has not come on at all for one year.
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. See Engine Oil on page 5-15. Reset oil life
system. See Engine Oil Life System on page 5-18.
An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (j).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-20. See footnote (k).
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 5-54 and “Tire Wear Inspection” in At Least Once a Month
on page 6-9.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid
as needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services” in
this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Inspect throttle system. See footnote (g).
•
6-5
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated miles
(kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage
or leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Replace engine air cleaner filter. See
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 5-20.
•
•
•
Change automatic transaxle fluid and
filter (severe service only).
See footnote (h).
•
•
•
Replace spark plugs. Inspect spark
plug wires (V6 only).
An Emission Control Service.
•
Engine cooling system service (or every
five years, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (l).
•
6-6
Maintenance Footnotes
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect
disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface
condition. Inspect other brake parts, including calipers,
parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose, or missing parts or
signs of wear. Inspect power steering cables for
proper hook-up, binding, cracks, chafing, etc.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced if they
are cracked, swollen, or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace with genuine GM parts as
needed. To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test
of the cooling system and pressure cap and cleaning the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.
Replace wiper blades that appear worn or damaged
or that streak or miss areas of the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors, and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced. Also look for any opened or broken airbag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced.
The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, door hinges and
latches, hood hinges and latches, and trunk lid hinges
and latches. More frequent lubrication may be required
when exposed to a corrosive environment. Applying
silicone grease on weatherstrips with a clean cloth will
make them last longer, seal better, and not stick or
squeak.
(g) Check system for interference or binding and for
damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as needed.
Replace any components that have high effort or
excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator or cruise
control cables.
6-7
(h) Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these
conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police, or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
(i) Drain, flush, and refill cooling system. This service
can be complex; you should have your dealer perform
this service. See Engine Coolant on page 5-22 for
what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap, and filler neck. Pressure test the
cooling system and pressure cap.
(j) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired and
the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
(k) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, inspect
the filter at each engine oil change.
(l) Visually inspect belt for fraying, excessive cracks, or
obvious damage. Replace belt if necessary.
6-8
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure the safety,
dependability and emission control performance of your
vehicle. Your GM Goodwrench® dealer can assist
you with these checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these underhood checks at
each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-15 for further
details.
Notice: It is important to check your oil regularly
and keep it at the proper level. Failure to keep your
engine oil at the proper level can cause damage
to your engine not covered by your warranty.
Engine Coolant Level Check
At Least Once a Year
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture if necessary. See Engine Coolant
on page 5-22 for further details.
Starter Switch Check
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer fluid reservoir and add the proper fluid if
necessary.
At Least Once a Month
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
Tire Inflation Check
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
Visually inspect your vehicle’s tires and make sure they
are inflated to the correct pressures. Do not forget to
check the spare tire. See Tires on page 5-47 for further
details. Check to make sure the spare tire is stored
securely. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-62.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-29.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
Tire Wear Inspection
Tire rotation may be required for high mileage highway
drivers prior to the Engine Oil Life System service
notification. Check the tires for wear and, if necessary,
rotate the tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-54.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The vehicle
should start only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If
the vehicle starts in any other position, contact your
GM Goodwrench® dealer for service.
6-9
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-29.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to ON, but do
not start the engine. Without applying the regular
brake, try to move the shift lever out of PARK (P)
with normal effort. If the shift lever moves out
of PARK (P), contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer
for service.
6-10
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition to OFF in each shift lever position.
• The ignition should turn to OFF only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
• The key should come out only in OFF.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
Park (P) Mechanism Check
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in
case it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle begin
to move.
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular
brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the
parking brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
6-11
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number, or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine Oil
Engine oil which meets GM
Standard GM6094M and displays
the American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. GM Goodwrench®
oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle. To determine the
proper viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see Engine Oil on
page 5-15.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only DEX-COOL®
Engine Coolant Coolant.
See Engine Coolant on
page 5-22.
Hydraulic Brake Delco® Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
System
6-12
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Windshield
Washer
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRON®-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid. Look for
“Approved for the H-Specification”
on the label.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor, and
Release Pawl
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293, in
Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Lubricant, Superlube
Hood and Door Multi-Purpose
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Hinges
Canada 109435474).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579, in
Canada 992887).
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your GM dealer.
Part
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil Filter
2.2L L4 Engine
3.5L V6 Engine
Spark Plugs
2.2L L4 Engine
3.5L V6 Engine
Windshield Wiper Blades
Driver’s Side – 22.0 inches (55.0 cm)
Passenger’s Side – 19.6 inches (50.0 cm)
Rear – 18 inches (46.7 cm)
*Wiper blade and assembly
24577608
ACDelco® Part
Numbers
A1615C
24460713
25010792
PF2244G
PF47
25337472
12568387
41–981
41–101
22688087
22688086
22730014*
—
—
—
GM Part Numbers
6-13
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2. Any additional
information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 can be added on the following record pages. You should
retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
6-14
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-15
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-16
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance and Information
Customer Assistance and Information ...............7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-3
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ................................7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ............................7-4
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ................7-5
Roadside Assistance Program ..........................7-6
Courtesy Transportation ...................................7-7
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders ..................................................7-9
Reporting Safety Defects ................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ..............................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ..............................................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .....7-11
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7-11
7-1
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Chevrolet. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
7-2
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in
order to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have
the following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). This is
available from the vehicle registration or title, or the
plate at the top left of the instrument panel and
visible through the windshield.
• Dealership name and location.
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
(kilometers).
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer are
committed to making sure you are completely satisfied
with your new vehicle. However, if you continue to remain
unsatisfied after following the procedure outlined in
Steps One and Two, you should file with the BBB Auto
Line Program to enforce any additional rights you may
have. Canadian owners refer to your Warranty and
Owner Assistance Information booklet for information on
the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using the
toll-free telephone number or write them at the following
address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage, and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM ownership
needs. Specific vehicle information can be found in
one place.
The Online Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual (United States only).
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members (United States only).
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
7-3
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV (2438).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes
to write to Chevrolet, the letter should be addressed to
Chevrolet’s Customer Assistance Center.
United States — Customer Assistance
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada — Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
7-4
Overseas — Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) — Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
This program, available to qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000 of the cost of eligible
aftermarket adaptive equipment required for your vehicle,
such as hand controls or a wheelchair/scooter lift.
The offer is available for a very limited period of time
from the date of vehicle purchase/lease. For more
details, or to determine your vehicle’s eligibility, visit
gmmobility.com or call the GM Mobility Assistance
Center at 1-800-323-9935. Text telephone (TTY) users,
call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. TTY users
call 1-800-263-3830.
7-5
Roadside Assistance Program
As the owner of a new Chevrolet vehicle, you are
automatically enrolled in the Chevrolet Roadside
Assistance program. This value-added service is
intended to provide you with peace of mind as you drive
in the city or travel the open road. Call Chevrolet’s
Roadside Assistance at 1-800-CHEV-USA,
(1-800-243-8872) 24 hours a day, 365 days a year to
speak with a Chevrolet Roadside Assistance
representative.
We will provide the following services during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period, at no expense
to you:
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel
($5 maximum) for the customer to get to the
nearest service station.
• Lock-out Service (identification required):
Replacement keys or locksmith service will
be covered at no charge if you are unable to gain
entry into your vehicle. Delivery of the replacement
key will be covered within 10 miles (16 km).
• Emergency Tow: Tow to the nearest dealership for
warranty service or in the event of a
vehicle-disabling accident. Assistance provided
when the vehicle is mired in sand, mud, or snow.
7-6
• Flat Tire Change: Installation of a spare tire will be
covered at no charge. The customer is responsible
for the repair or replacement of the tire if not
covered by a warrantable failure.
• Jump Start: No-start occurrences which require a
battery jump start will be covered at no charge.
• Dealer Locator Service
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered
under Chevrolet’s Bumper-to-Bumper warranty.
However, when other services are utilized, our Roadside
Assistance Representatives will explain any payment
obligations you might incur.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling, please
provide the following to the Roadside Assistance
Representative:
• Your name, home address, and home telephone
number.
•
•
•
•
Telephone number of your location.
Location of the vehicle.
Model, year, color, and license plate number.
Mileage, Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), and
delivery date of the vehicle.
• Description of the problem.
While we hope you never have the occasion to use our
service, it is added security while traveling for you
and your family. Remember, we are only a phone call
away. Chevrolet Roadside Assistance:
1-800-CHEV-USA (1-800-243-8872), text
telephone (TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438.
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet reserves the right to limit services or
reimbursement to an owner or driver when, in
Chevrolet’s judgement, the claims become excessive in
frequency or type of occurrence.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
customers in conjunction with the Bumper-to-Bumper
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Several transportation options are available when
warranty repairs are required. This will reduce your
inconvenience during warranty repairs.
Roadside Assistance is not part of or included in the
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Chevrolet reserves the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Roadside Assistance program at
any time without notification.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
roadside assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book.
To enhance your ownership experience, we and our
participating dealers are proud to offer Courtesy
Transportation, a customer support program for
new vehicles.
Scheduling Service Appointments
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you should
contact your dealer and request an appointment. By
scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership, let
them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in
the work day as possible to allow for the same
day repair.
7-7
Transportation Options
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait, GM helps
to minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle
that you obtain if your vehicle is kept for a warranty
repair. Reimbursement will be limited to a maximum
amount per day and must be supported by receipts. This
requires that you sign and complete a rental agreement
and meet state, local and rental vehicle provider
requirements. Requirements vary and may include
minimum age requirements, insurance coverage, credit
card, etc. You are responsible for fuel usage charges
and may also be responsible for taxes, levies,
usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage beyond
the completion of the repair.
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes
one-way or round trip shuttle service to a destination up
to 10 miles (16 km) from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement of public transportation expenses may
be available, for up to a maximum of five days. In
addition, should you arrange transportation through a
friend or relative, reimbursement for reasonable
fuel expenses may be available, up to a five-day
maximum. Claim amounts should reflect actual costs
and be supported by original receipts.
7-8
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but it is
not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. A
separate booklet entitled Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information furnished with each new vehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during
the Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has a
number of sophisticated computer systems that monitor
and control several aspects of the vehicle’s performance.
Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle computers to monitor
emission control components to optimize fuel economy,
to monitor conditions for airbag deployment and, if so
equipped, to provide anti-lock braking and to help the
driver control the vehicle in difficult driving situations.
Some information may be stored during regular
operations to facilitate repair of detected malfunctions;
other information is stored only in a crash event by
computer systems, such as those commonly called event
data recorders (EDR).
In a crash event, computer systems, such as the Airbag
Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) in your vehicle
may record information about the condition of the vehicle
and how it was operated, such as data related to
engine speed, brake application, throttle position, vehicle
speed, safety belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag
performance, and the severity of a collision. This
information has been used to improve vehicle crash
performance and may be used to improve crash
performance of future vehicles and driving safety. Unlike
the data recorders on many airplanes, these on-board
systems do not record sounds, such as conversation of
vehicle occupants.
7-9
To read this information, special equipment is needed
and access to the vehicle or the device that stores
the data is required. GM will not access information
about a crash event or share it with others other than:
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or similar
•
government office,
as part of GM’s defense of litigation through the
discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data, GM may:
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where appropriate
confidentiality is to be maintained and need is
shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a specific
vehicle with non-GM organizations for research
purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have access to
the special equipment that can read the information
if they have access to the vehicle or the device
that stores the data.
If your vehicle is equipped with OnStar®, please check
the OnStar® subscription service agreement or manual
for information on its operations and data collection.
7-10
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may call them at
1-800-333-0510 or write to:
Transport Canada
Place de Ville Tower C
330 Sparks Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in
a situation like this, we certainly hope you will notify
General Motors. Please call the Chevrolet Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-222-1020, or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Publications Ordering
Information
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments, and specifications for GM
transmissions, transaxles, and transfer cases.
7-11
Service Bulletins
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual, and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
7-12
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on the
World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
A
Accessory Power Outlet(s) ............................... 3-20
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ....................................................... 1-74
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ............................ 5-83
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal .................. 2-24
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-20
Air Conditioning ...................................... 3-21, 3-25
Airbag
Passenger Status Indicator ........................... 3-35
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-34
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) ...... 7-9
Airbag System ................................................ 1-60
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ................................................... 1-74
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ...................... 1-67
Passenger Sensing System ........................... 1-70
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .......... 1-74
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ...................... 1-67
What Will You See After an Airbag Inflates? .... 1-68
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................... 1-66
Where Are the Airbags? ............................... 1-62
Antenna, Backglass ....................................... 3-122
Antenna, Fixed Mast ...................................... 3-122
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System ..................................................... 3-122
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ........................... 4-6
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .............. 3-38
Appearance Care ............................................ 5-73
Aluminum Wheels ........................................ 5-79
Care of Safety Belts .................................... 5-77
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................... 5-80
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .................... 5-78
Fabric/Carpet .............................................. 5-74
Finish Care ................................................. 5-78
Finish Damage ............................................ 5-80
Glass Surfaces ............................................ 5-77
Instrument Panel ......................................... 5-76
Interior Plastic Components ........................... 5-76
Leather ...................................................... 5-76
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 5-80
Tires .......................................................... 5-79
Ultra Lux Suede .......................................... 5-76
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-80
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ................ 5-81
Vinyl .......................................................... 5-75
Washing Your Vehicle ................................... 5-77
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-77
Windshield and Wiper Blades ........................ 5-78
1
Audio System(s) ............................................. 3-54
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................... 3-119
Backglass Antenna ..................................... 3-122
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ............... 3-120
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ................ 3-121
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ....................... 3-121
Fixed Mast Antenna ................................... 3-122
Radio with Cassette and CD ......................... 3-71
Radio with CD .................................... 3-55, 3-60
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................ 3-84
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ..................... 3-115, 3-117
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) ........................................ 3-55
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................ 3-54
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................... 3-118
Understanding Radio Reception ................... 3-120
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ........... 3-122
Automatic Climate Control System ..................... 3-25
Automatic Headlamp System ............................ 3-17
Automatic Transaxle
Fluid .......................................................... 5-21
Operation ................................................... 2-26
2
B
Backglass Antenna ........................................ 3-122
Battery .......................................................... 5-35
Run-Down Protection ................................... 3-20
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ......................... 4-21
Brake
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ........................ 4-6
Emergencies ................................................ 4-8
Parking ...................................................... 2-29
System Warning Light .................................. 3-37
Brake Pedal, Throttle ....................................... 2-24
Brakes .......................................................... 5-32
Braking ........................................................... 4-5
Braking in Emergencies ..................................... 4-8
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-21
Bulb Replacement ........................................... 5-41
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-41
Headlamps ................................................. 5-41
Replacement Bulbs ...................................... 5-45
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps ........................................ 5-43
Buying New Tires ........................................... 5-56
C
California Fuel .................................................. 5-6
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Capacities and Specifications ............................ 5-91
Carbon Monoxide ........... 2-14, 2-15, 2-32, 4-24, 4-38
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................ 5-77
Your Cassette Tape Player .......................... 3-120
Your CD and DVD Player ........................... 3-121
Your CDs and DVDs .................................. 3-121
Cargo Lamp ................................................... 3-19
Center Console Storage Area ........................... 2-44
Chains, Tire ................................................... 5-60
Charging System Light .................................... 3-37
Check
Engine Light ............................................... 3-41
Checking Things Under the Hood ...................... 5-10
Chemical Paint Spotting ................................... 5-80
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ............................... 1-39
Infants and Young Children ........................... 1-35
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) .......................... 1-45
Older Children ............................................. 1-33
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Seat
Position .................................................. 1-53
Child Restraints (cont.)
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position ........................................... 1-56
Where to Put the Restraint ........................... 1-42
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels ........................................ 5-79
Exterior Lamps/Lenses ................................. 5-78
Fabric/Carpet .............................................. 5-74
Finish Care ................................................. 5-78
Glass Surfaces ............................................ 5-77
Instrument Panel ......................................... 5-76
Interior Plastic Components ........................... 5-76
Leather ...................................................... 5-76
Tires .......................................................... 5-79
Ultra Lux Suede .......................................... 5-76
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-80
Vinyl .......................................................... 5-75
Washing Your Vehicle ................................... 5-77
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-77
Windshield and Wiper Blades ........................ 5-78
Climate Control System ................................... 3-21
Automatic ................................................... 3-25
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 3-29
Comfort Guides, Rear Safety Belt ..................... 1-28
Compact Spare Tire ........................................ 5-73
Content Theft-Deterrent .................................... 2-18
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-5
3
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-40
Engine Temperature Warning Light ................. 3-40
Heater, Engine ............................................ 2-24
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............................. 5-24
Cooling System .............................................. 5-26
Cruise Control ................................................ 3-10
Cruise Control Light ........................................ 3-45
Cupholder(s) .................................................. 2-44
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation .................................. 7-7
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ............................... 7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ........................... 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..................... 7-2
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ............... 7-5
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .... 7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ............................................ 7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ............................................ 7-10
Roadside Assistance Program ......................... 7-6
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-11
D
Daytime Running Lamps .................................. 3-16
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-2
Delayed Headlamps ........................................ 3-16
4
Delayed Locking ............................................. 2-12
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-4
Dome Lamp ................................................... 3-18
Door
Delayed Locking .......................................... 2-12
Door Ajar Reminder ..................................... 2-12
Locks ........................................................ 2-11
Power Door Locks ....................................... 2-12
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-13
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ..................................... 1-16
Six-Way Power Seat ...................................... 1-3
Driver Information Center (DIC) ......................... 3-47
DIC Operation and Displays .......................... 3-47
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-52
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-15
City ........................................................... 4-19
Defensive ..................................................... 4-2
Drunken ....................................................... 4-2
Freeway ..................................................... 4-20
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 4-22
In Rain and on Wet Roads ........................... 4-17
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out ................. 4-29
Winter ........................................................ 4-24
DVD
Rear Seat Entertainment System ................... 3-99
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ......................................
Engine Compartment Fuse Block ...................
Fuses ........................................................
Headlamp Wiring .........................................
Instrument Panel Fuse Block .........................
Power Windows and Other Power Options ......
Rear Compartment Fuse Block ......................
Windshield Wiper Fuses ...............................
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter .........................................
Battery .......................................................
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............
Coolant ......................................................
Coolant Heater ............................................
Coolant Temperature Gage ...........................
Coolant Temperature Warning Light ................
Engine Compartment Overview ......................
Exhaust .....................................................
Oil .............................................................
Oil Life System ...........................................
Overheating ................................................
Starting ......................................................
5-83
5-86
5-83
5-83
5-84
5-83
5-88
5-83
5-20
5-35
3-41
5-22
2-24
3-40
3-40
5-12
2-32
5-15
5-18
5-24
2-23
Enhanced Traction System (ETS) ........................ 4-8
Active Light ................................................ 3-39
Warning Light ............................................. 3-39
Entry/Exit Lighting ........................................... 3-19
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ............................. 7-9
Extender, Safety Belt ....................................... 1-32
Exterior Lamps ............................................... 3-13
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-20
Finish Damage ............................................... 5-80
Fixed Mast Antenna ....................................... 3-122
Flash-to-Pass ................................................... 3-8
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-61
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................... 5-62
Flat Tire, Storing ............................................. 5-70
Fluid
Automatic Transaxle ..................................... 5-21
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-30
Fog Lamps .................................................... 3-18
Folding Seatback, Passenger ............................. 1-6
Front Reading Lamps ...................................... 3-19
5
Fuel ............................................................... 5-5
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-6
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .................... 5-10
Filling Your Tank ........................................... 5-8
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-7
Gage ......................................................... 3-46
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-5
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Fuses ........................................................... 5-83
Engine Compartment Fuse Block ................... 5-86
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ......................... 5-84
Rear Compartment Fuse Block ...................... 5-88
Windshield Wiper ......................................... 5-83
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-40
Fuel .......................................................... 3-46
Speedometer .............................................. 3-32
Tachometer ................................................. 3-32
Garage Door Opener ....................................... 2-40
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-5
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-44
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program .................. 7-5
6
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-6
Head Restraints ............................................... 1-6
Headlamp Wiring ............................................ 5-83
Headlamps .................................................... 5-41
Automatic Headlamp System ......................... 3-17
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-41
Daytime Running Lamps ............................... 3-16
Delayed ..................................................... 3-16
Flash-to-Pass ............................................... 3-8
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-41
High/Low Beam Changer ................................ 3-8
On Reminder .............................................. 3-16
Headlamps Off in Park (P) ............................... 3-16
Heated Seats ................................................... 1-4
Heater ................................................... 3-21, 3-25
Highbeam On Light ......................................... 3-45
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-22
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-22
HomeLink® Wireless Control System ................. 2-40
HomeLink® Wireless Control System
Operation ................................................... 2-41
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-10
Release ..................................................... 5-11
Horn ............................................................... 3-6
How to Use This Manual ...................................... ii
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................... 1-16
I
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-22
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-35
Inflation -- Tire Pressure .................................. 5-53
Instrument Panel
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Instrument Panel (I/P)
Brightness .................................................. 3-18
Cluster ....................................................... 3-31
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-36
K
Keyless Entry System ....................................... 2-4
Keys ............................................................... 2-3
L
Labelling, Tire Sidewall ....................................
Lamps
Battery Run-Down Protection .........................
Cargo ........................................................
Dome ........................................................
5-48
3-20
3-19
3-18
Lamps (cont.)
Exterior ......................................................
Fog ...........................................................
Front Reading .............................................
Rear Reading .............................................
Trunk .........................................................
LATCH System
Child Restraints ...........................................
Liftgate ..........................................................
Light
Airbag Readiness ........................................
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ...................
Brake System Warning .................................
Charging System .........................................
Cruise Control .............................................
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning .............
Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
Active Light .............................................
Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
Warning Light ..........................................
Highbeam On .............................................
Malfunction Indicator ....................................
Oil Pressure ...............................................
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ..................
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder ....................
Safety Belt Reminder ...................................
Security .....................................................
Service Vehicle Soon ...................................
3-13
3-18
3-19
3-19
3-19
1-45
2-15
3-34
3-38
3-37
3-37
3-45
3-40
3-39
3-39
3-45
3-41
3-44
3-35
3-33
3-33
3-44
3-45
7
Lighting
Entry/Exit ................................................... 3-19
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-29
Lockout Protection .......................................... 2-13
Locks
Delayed Locking .......................................... 2-12
Door .......................................................... 2-11
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-13
Power Door ................................................ 2-12
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-13
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-14
Lumbar
Manual Controls ............................................ 1-3
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ........................... 6-6
At Each Fuel Fill ........................................... 6-8
At Least Once a Month .................................. 6-9
At Least Once a Year .................................... 6-9
Introduction .................................................. 6-2
Maintenance Footnotes .................................. 6-7
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-14
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ......... 6-13
Owner Checks and Services ........................... 6-8
8
Maintenance Schedule (cont.)
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-12
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using .......................................................... 6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................ 3-41
Manual Lumbar Controls .................................... 1-3
Manual Seats ................................................... 1-2
Map Pocket ................................................... 2-44
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-52
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview with Compass .... 2-35
Automatic Dimming Rearview with OnStar®
and Compass .......................................... 2-34
Manual Rearview Mirror ................................ 2-33
Manual Rearview Mirror with OnStar® ............. 2-33
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-38
Outside Power Heated Mirrors ....................... 2-38
Outside Power Mirrors .................................. 2-37
MyGMLink.com ................................................ 7-3
N
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-21
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 6-13
O
P
Odometer ...................................................... 3-32
Odometer, Trip ............................................... 3-32
Off-Road Recovery .......................................... 4-12
Oil
Engine ....................................................... 5-15
Pressure Light ............................................. 3-44
Oil, Engine Oil Life System .............................. 5-18
Older Children, Restraints ................................ 1-33
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-3
OnStar® System, see OnStar® Manual ............... 2-38
Other Warning Devices ...................................... 3-6
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-29
Outside
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-38
Power Heated Mirrors .................................. 2-38
Power Mirrors ............................................. 2-37
Owner Checks and Services .............................. 6-8
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
Park (P)
Shifting Into ................................................ 2-29
Shifting Out of ............................................ 2-31
Park (P) Headlamps Off in Park (P) .................. 3-16
Parking
Brake ........................................................ 2-29
Over Things That Burn ................................. 2-31
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ..................... 3-35
Passenger Sensing System .............................. 1-70
Passing ......................................................... 4-13
PASS-Key® III+ .............................................. 2-19
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ................................ 2-20
Power ............................................................. 1-3
Accessory Outlet(s) ...................................... 3-20
Door Locks ................................................. 2-12
Electrical System ......................................... 5-83
Retained Accessory (RAP) ............................ 2-22
Windows .................................................... 2-17
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ................................ 1-32
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................. 2-13
9
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......... 1-15
R
Radios .......................................................... 3-54
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ............... 3-120
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ................ 3-121
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ....................... 3-121
Radio with Cassette and CD ......................... 3-71
Radio with CD .................................... 3-55, 3-60
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................ 3-84
Rear Seat Audio .............................. 3-115, 3-117
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) ........................................ 3-55
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................ 3-54
Theft-Deterrent .......................................... 3-118
Understanding Reception ............................ 3-120
Rear Compartment Storage Panel/Cover ............ 2-45
Rear Reading Lamps ...................................... 3-19
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ...................... 1-28
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ........................ 3-115, 3-117
Rear Seat Entertainment System ....................... 3-99
Rear Seat Operation ......................................... 1-8
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .................. 1-25
10
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming with
Compass .................................................... 2-35
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming with
OnStar® and Compass ................................. 2-34
Rearview Mirror with OnStar® ........................... 2-33
Rearview Mirrors ............................................. 2-33
Reclining Seatbacks .......................................... 1-4
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-12
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-35
Remote Keyless Entry System ............................ 2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ............ 2-5
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire .................................................. 5-65
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................... 5-63
Replacement Bulbs ......................................... 5-45
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government .................................. 7-11
General Motors ........................................... 7-11
United States Government ............................ 7-10
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems .................... 1-75
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash .................................................. 1-76
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................... 2-22
Right Front Passenger Position, Safety Belts ...... 1-24
Roadside
Assistance Program ....................................... 7-6
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .................... 4-29
Running the Engine While Parked ..................... 2-32
S
Safety Belt
Passenger Reminder Light ............................ 3-33
Pretensioners .............................................. 1-32
Reminder Light ............................................ 3-33
Safety Belts
Care of ...................................................... 5-77
Driver Position ............................................ 1-16
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................ 1-16
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ..... 1-15
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ................... 1-28
Rear Seat Passengers ................................. 1-25
Right Front Passenger Position ...................... 1-24
Safety Belt Extender .................................... 1-32
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-24
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ....................... 1-10
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ........................ 1-23
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
Seatback, Folding Passenger ............................. 1-6
Seats
Head Restraints ............................................ 1-6
Heated Seats ............................................... 1-4
Manual ........................................................ 1-2
Manual Lumbar ............................................. 1-3
Passenger Folding Seatback ........................... 1-6
Rear Seat Operation ...................................... 1-8
Seats (cont.)
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 1-4
Six-Way Power Driver .................................... 1-3
Securing a Child Restraint
Rear Seat Position ...................................... 1-53
Right Front Seat Position .............................. 1-56
Security Light ................................................. 3-44
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .............................................. 5-5
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-4
Engine Soon Light ....................................... 3-41
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-11
Vehicle Soon Light ....................................... 3-45
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .............. 1-74
Setting the Time
Radios with Radio Data Systems (RDS) ......... 3-55
Radios without Radio Data Systems (RDS) ..... 3-54
Sheet Metal Damage ....................................... 5-80
Shifting Into Park (P) ....................................... 2-29
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................... 2-31
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ........................... 1-23
Signals, Turn and Lane-Change .......................... 3-8
Spare Tire
Compact .................................................... 5-73
Installing .................................................... 5-65
Removing ................................................... 5-63
Storing ....................................................... 5-70
11
Specifications, Capacities ................................. 5-91
Speedometer .................................................. 3-32
Starting Your Engine ....................................... 2-23
Steering ........................................................ 4-10
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ....................... 3-119
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ................................. 3-7
Storage Areas
Center Console Storage Area ........................ 2-44
Cupholder(s) ............................................... 2-44
Glove Box .................................................. 2-44
Map Pocket ................................................ 2-44
Rear Compartment Storage Panel/Cover ......... 2-45
Table ......................................................... 2-46
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ...................... 4-28
Sun Visors ..................................................... 2-17
Sunroof ......................................................... 2-47
T
Table ............................................................ 2-46
Tachometer .................................................... 3-32
Taillamps
Turn Signal, Stoplamps and Back-up Lamps .... 5-43
Theft-Deterrent, Radio .................................... 3-118
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-17
Content Theft-Deterrent ................................ 2-18
PASS-Key® III+ ........................................... 2-19
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ............................. 2-20
12
Throttle, Adjustable .......................................... 2-24
Tilt Wheel ........................................................ 3-7
Tires ............................................................. 5-47
Aluminum Wheels, Cleaning .......................... 5-79
Buying New Tires ........................................ 5-56
Chains ....................................................... 5-60
Changing a Flat Tire .................................... 5-62
Cleaning .................................................... 5-79
Compact Spare Tire ..................................... 5-73
If a Tire Goes Flat ....................................... 5-61
Inflation -- Tire Pressure ............................... 5-53
Inspection and Rotation ................................ 5-54
Installing the Spare Tire ................................ 5-65
Removing the Flat Tire ................................. 5-65
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ............... 5-63
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ............ 5-70
Tire Sidewall Labelling .................................. 5-48
Tire Terminology and Definitions .................... 5-50
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ......................... 5-57
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ................. 5-58
Wheel Replacement ..................................... 5-58
When It Is Time for New Tires ...................... 5-55
Towing
Recreational Vehicle ..................................... 4-35
Towing a Trailer .......................................... 4-38
Your Vehicle ............................................... 4-34
Traction
Enhanced Traction System (ETS) .................... 4-8
Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
Active Light ............................................. 3-39
Enhanced Traction System (ETS)
Warning Light .......................................... 3-39
Transaxle
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-21
Transaxle Operation, Automatic ......................... 2-26
Trip Odometer ................................................ 3-32
Trunk ............................................................ 2-14
Trunk Lamps .................................................. 3-19
Turn and Lane-Change Signals .......................... 3-8
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-7
U
Understanding Radio Reception ....................... 3-120
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................ 5-57
V
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-5
Damage Warnings ........................................... iv
Loading ...................................................... 4-29
Service Soon Light ...................................... 3-45
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders .................................................... 7-9
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................. 5-82
Service Parts Identification Label ................... 5-82
Ventilation Adjustment ...................................... 3-29
Visors ........................................................... 2-17
13
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ................ 3-30
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-52
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-6
Other Warning Devices .................................. 3-6
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Vehicle Damage .............................................. iv
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .......................... 5-58
Replacement ............................................... 5-58
Where to Put the Restraint ............................... 1-42
Windows ....................................................... 2-16
Power ........................................................ 2-17
Windshield
Wiper Blades, Cleaning ................................ 5-78
14
Windshield Washer ......................................... 3-10
Fluid .......................................................... 5-30
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ...................................... 5-45
Fuses ........................................................ 5-83
Windshield Wipers ......................................... 3-9
Winter Driving ................................................ 4-24
X
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .............. 3-122
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2
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