2016 Jeep Crand Cherokee Diesel Supplement

2016 Jeep Crand Cherokee Diesel Supplement
2016 Grand Cherokee
STICK WITH THE SPECIALISTS®
2016
16WK741-226-AA
©2015 FCA US LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Jeep is a registered trademark of FCA US LLC.
OWNER’S MANUAL
Second Edition
Printed in U.S.A.
Grand Cherokee
SUPPLEMENT
VEHICLES SOLD IN CANADA
With respect to any Vehicles Sold in Canada, the name FCA
US LLC shall be deemed to be deleted and the name FCA
Canada Inc. used in substitution therefore.
DRIVING AND ALCOHOL
Drunken driving is one of the most frequent causes of
accidents.
Your driving ability can be seriously impaired with blood
alcohol levels far below the legal minimum. If you are
drinking, don’t drive. Ride with a designated nondrinking driver, call a cab, a friend, or use public transportation.
This manual illustrates and describes the operation of
features and equipment that are either standard or optional on this vehicle. This manual may also include a
description of features and equipment that are no longer
available or were not ordered on this vehicle. Please
disregard any features and equipment described in this
manual that are not on this vehicle.
FCA US LLC reserves the right to make changes in design
and specifications, and/or make additions to or improvements to its products without imposing any obligation
upon itself to install them on products previously manufactured.
WARNING!
Driving after drinking can lead to an accident.
Your perceptions are less sharp, your reflexes are
slower, and your judgment is impaired when you
have been drinking. Never drink and then drive.
Copyright © 2015 FCA US LLC
SECTION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
1
1
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2
3
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3
4
STARTING AND OPERATING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
4
5
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
5
6
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
6
7
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
7
INTRODUCTION
CONTENTS
䡵 A MESSAGE FROM FCA US LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
1
4 INTRODUCTION
A MESSAGE FROM FCA US LLC
NOTE:
FCA US LLC welcomes you as a turbocharged diesel- • Some aftermarket products may cause severe engine/
powered vehicle owner. Your diesel vehicle will sound,
transmission and/or exhaust system damage. Your
feel, drive and operate differently from a gasolinevehicle’s powertrain control systems can detect and
powered vehicle. It is important that you read and
store information about vehicle modifications that
understand this manual.
increase horsepower and torque output such as
whether or not performance-enhancing powertrain
Almost 100% of the heavy trucks in the United States and
components, commonly referred to as downloaders,
Canada are diesel-powered because of the fuel economy,
power boxes, or performance chips have been used.
rugged durability, and high torque which permits pulling
• Any chassis/suspension or tire size modifications to
the vehicle will effect the performance of the Adaptive
You may find that some of the starting, operating, and
Cruise Control and Forward Collision Warning Sysmaintenance procedures are different. However, they are
tem.
simple to follow and careful adherence to them will
ensure that you take full advantage of the features of this
engine.
heavy loads.
INTRODUCTION 5
This information cannot be erased and will stay in the
system’s memory even if the modification is removed.
This information can be retrieved by FCA US LLC, and
service and repair facilities, when servicing your vehicle.
This information may be used to determine if repair will
be covered by New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
There is a probability that the use of a “performance
chip” will prohibit the engine from starting. In this
instance, the vehicle will need to be serviced by a
authorized dealer in order to return the vehicle to it’s
factory settings.
When it comes to service, remember that your authorized
dealer knows your Jeep® vehicle best, has factory-trained
technicians and genuine MOPAR® parts, and cares about
your satisfaction.
1
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
2
CONTENTS
䡵 REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 䡵 ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . .9
▫ How To Use Remote Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
8 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM
NOTE:
weather. Refer to “Electronic Vehicle Information Display (EVIC)” in “Understanding Your Instrument
Panel” for further information on the “Wait To Start”
amber telltale and the pre-heat cycle.
This system uses the RKE Key Fob to start the
engine conveniently from outside the vehicle
while still maintaining security. The system has How To Use Remote Start
a range of approximately 300 ft (91 m).
All of the following conditions must be met before the
engine will remote start:
• The vehicle must be equipped with an automatic •
transmission to be equipped with Remote Start.
•
• Obstructions between the vehicle and the RKE Key
•
Fob may reduce this range.
•
• The Remote Start system will wait for the “Wait To
Start” amber telltale to extinguish before cranking the •
engine. This allows time for the engine pre-heat cycle
•
to pre-heat the cylinder air, and is normal in cold
•
Gear selector in PARK
Doors closed
Hood closed
HAZARD switch off
BRAKE switch inactive (brake pedal not pressed)
Battery at an acceptable charge level
RKE PANIC button not pressed
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE 9
• Fuel meets minimum requirement
ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS
• System not disabled from previous remote start event The diesel engine does not require a break-in period due
to its construction. Normal operation is allowed, provid• Vehicle security alarm not active
ing the following recommendations are followed:
• Water In Fuel Indicator Light is not illuminated
• Warm up the engine before placing it under load.
• “Wait To Start” telltale is not illuminated
WARNING!
• Do not start or run an engine in a closed garage or
confined area. Exhaust gas contains Carbon Monoxide (CO) which is odorless and colorless. Carbon
Monoxide is poisonous and can cause serious injury or death when inhaled.
• Keep Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitters
away from children. Operation of the Remote Start
System, windows, door locks or other controls
could cause serious injury or death.
• Do not operate the engine at idle for prolonged
periods.
• Use the appropriate transmission gear to prevent
engine lugging.
• Observe vehicle oil pressure and temperature indicators.
• Check the coolant and oil levels frequently.
• Vary throttle position at highway speeds when carrying or towing significant weight.
2
10 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
NOTE: Light duty operation such as light trailer towing
or no load operation will extend the time before the
engine is at full efficiency. Reduced fuel economy and
power may be seen at this time.
The engine oil installed in the engine at the factory is a
high-quality energy conserving type lubricant. Oil
changes should be consistent with anticipated climate
conditions under which vehicle operations will occur.
The recommended viscosity and quality grades are
shown under “Fluids, Lubricants and Genuine Parts”,
under “Maintaining Your Vehicle” in this manual. NONDETERGENT OR STRAIGHT MINERAL OILS MUST
NEVER BE USED.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
CONTENTS
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
▫ Fuel Filter Life Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
䡵 WARNING AND INDICATOR LIGHTS . . . . . . . .14
▫ Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Messages . . . . . .23
▫ Yellow Telltale Indicator Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . .15
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Warning Messages. .25
䡵 DRIVER INFORMATION DISPLAY (DID) . . . . . .18
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Fault Warning
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
▫ DID Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
▫ Engine Oil Life Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
3
12 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
Premium DID Instrument Cluster
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 13
1. Tachometer
• Indicates the engine speed in revolutions per minute
(RPM x 1000).
2. Driver Information Display (DID)
• The Driver Information Display (DID) features a
driver-interactive display. Refer to “Driver Information Display (DID)” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
3. Speedometer
• Indicates vehicle speed
4. Temperature Gauge
• The temperature gauge shows engine coolant temperature. Any reading within the normal range indicates that the engine cooling system is operating
satisfactorily.
• The gauge pointer will likely indicate a higher temperature when driving in hot weather or up mountain grades. It should not be allowed to exceed the
upper limits of the normal operating range.
3
CAUTION!
Driving with a hot engine cooling system could
damage your vehicle. If the temperature gauge reads
“H” pull over and stop the vehicle. Idle the vehicle
with the air conditioner turned off until the pointer
drops back into the normal range. If the pointer
remains on the “H”, turn the engine off immediately
and call an authorized dealer for service.
14 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
WARNING!
A hot engine cooling system is dangerous. You or
others could be badly burned by steam or boiling
coolant. You may want to call an authorized dealer
for service if your vehicle overheats. If you decide to
look under the hood yourself, see “Maintaining Your
Vehicle”. Follow the warnings under the Cooling
System Pressure Cap paragraph.
5. Fuel Gauge
• The pointer shows the level of fuel in the fuel tank
when the ignition switch is in the ON/RUN position
to the side of the
• The fuel pump symbol points
vehicle where the fuel door is located.
WARNING AND INDICATOR LIGHTS
IMPORTANT: The warning light switches on in the
instrument panel together with a dedicated message
and/or acoustic signal when applicable. These indications are indicative and precautionary and as such must
not be considered as exhaustive and/or alternative to the
information contained in the Owner Manual, which you
are advised to read carefully in all cases. Always refer to
the information in this chapter in the event of a failure
indication.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 15
Yellow Telltale Indicator Lights
Water in Fuel Indicator Light — If Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Water in Fuel Indicator Light
The “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will illuminate when there is water detected in the fuel
filters. If this light remains on, DO NOT start the vehicle before you drain the water from
the fuel filters to prevent engine damage.
Wait To Start Light — If Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Wait To Start Light
The “Wait To Start” telltale will illuminate for approximately two seconds when the ignition
is turned to the RUN position. It’s duration may be longer based on colder operating conditions. Vehicle will not initiate start until telltale is no longer displayed. Refer to “Starting
Procedures” in “Starting and Operating” for further information.
3
16 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
NOTE: The “Wait To Start” telltale may not illuminate if the intake manifold temperature is
warm enough.
Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Indicator Light — If Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Indicator Light
The Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Indicator will illuminate if the vehicle is low on Diesel
Exhaust Fluid (DEF). Refer to “Starting And Operating” for further information.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 17
Loose Fuel Filler Cap Indicator Light — If Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Loose Fuel Filler Cap Indicator Light — If Equipped
This light will illuminate when fuel filler cap is loose. Properly close the filler cap to disengage the light. If the light does not turn off, please see your authorized dealer.
3
18 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
DRIVER INFORMATION DISPLAY (DID)
The DID Menu items consists of the following:
The Driver Information Display (DID) features a driver- • Main Gauge
interactive display that is located in the instrument
• Vehicle Info
cluster.
• Terrain — If Equipped
• Driver Assist
• Fuel Economy
• Trip
• Stop/Start — If Equipped
• Audio
• Stored Messages
• Screen Setup
Driver Information Display (DID) Location
• Speed Warning — If Equipped
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 19
The system allows the driver to select information by • UP Arrow Button
pushing the following buttons mounted on the steering
Push and release the UP arrow button to scroll
wheel:
upward through the main menu and submenus (Main Gauge, MPH/km/h, Vehicle
Info, Terrain, Driver Assist, Fuel Economy, Trip
A, Trip B, Stop/Start, Audio, Stored Messages, Screen Set
Up).
• DOWN Arrow Button
DID Buttons
Push and release the DOWN arrow button to
scroll downward through the main menu and
submenus (Main Gauge, MPH/km/h, Vehicle
Info, Terrain, Driver Assist, Fuel Economy, Trip
A, Trip B, Stop/Start, Audio, Stored Messages, Screen Set
Up).
3
20 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• RIGHT Arrow Button
• Exhaust Filter Nearing Full Safely Drive at Highway
Speeds to Clear
Push and release the RIGHT arrow button to
access the information screens or sub-menu •
screens of a main menu item.
•
• BACK/LEFT Arrow Button
•
Push and release the LEFT arrow button to
access the information screens or sub-menu
•
screens of a main menu item.
Exhaust Filter Full – Power Reduced See Dealer
Exhaust System Service Required – See Dealer
Exhaust System – Filter XX% Full Service Required See
Dealer
Exhaust System Regeneration in Process Continue
Driving
• OK Button
• Exhaust System – Regeneration Completed
Push the OK button to access/select the information
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi DEF Low Refill
screens or sub-menu screens of a main menu item. Push
Soon
and hold the OK button for two seconds to reset
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi Refill DEF
displayed/selected features that can be reset.
DID Displays
• Engine Will Not Start Refill DEF
When the appropriate conditions exist, the DID displays • Service DEF System See Dealer
the following messages:
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 21
• Incorrect DEF Detected See Dealer
• Engine
Dealer
• Engine
Dealer
Unless reset, this message will continue to display each
time you cycle the ignition to the ON/RUN position. To
Will Not Restart in XXX mi Service DEF See
turn off the message temporarily, push and release the
OK button. To reset the oil change indicator system (after
Will Not Restart Service DEF System See performing the scheduled maintenance), refer to the
following procedure.
• Engine Will Not Start Service DEF System See Dealer
Oil Change Reset Procedure
Engine Oil Life Reset
1. Without pushing the brake pedal, push and release the
ENGINE START/STOP button and place the ignition
to the ON/RUN position (do not start the engine).
Oil Change Required
Your vehicle is equipped with an engine oil change
indicator system. The “Oil Change Required” message 2. Fully push the accelerator pedal, slowly, three times
within 10 seconds.
will display in the DID for five seconds after a single
chime has sounded, to indicate the next scheduled oil 3. Without pushing the brake pedal, push and release the
change interval. The engine oil change indicator system
ENGINE START/STOP button once to return the
is duty cycle based, which means the engine oil change
ignition to the OFF/LOCK position.
interval may fluctuate, dependent upon your personal
driving style.
3
22 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
NOTE: If the indicator message illuminates when you Filter Life” screen in the “Vehicle Info” menu. When this
start the vehicle, the oil change indicator system did not message appears, dealers should replace the fuel filters.
reset. If necessary, repeat this procedure.
NOTE: Use the steering wheel DID controls for the
Secondary Method For Oil Change Reset
following procedure(s)
1. Without depressing the brake pedal, push and release 1. Without pushing the brake pedal, cycle the ignition to
the ENGINE START/STOP button and place the ignithe ON/RUN position (do not start the engine.)
tion to the ON/RUN position (do not start the engine).
2. Push and release the DOWN
arrow button to
2. Navigate to ⬙Oil Life⬙ submenu in ⬙Vehicle Info⬙ on
scroll downward through the main menu to “VeDID.
hicle Info.”
3. Push and Hold the OK button until the gauge resets to 3. Push and release the RIGHT
arrow button to
100%.
access the ”Fuel Filter Life” screen.
Fuel Filter Life Reset
4. Push and hold the OK button for one second to access
the ”Fuel Filter Life Reset” screen.
The cluster will display the “Fuel System Service Required – See Dealer” or “Service Fuel Filter” message 5. Push and release the DOWN
arrow button to
when the fuel filter maintenance life is less than 5%. To
select “Yes,” then push and release the OK button
verify if this is a fuel filter change event, go to the “Fuel
to select reset of the Fuel Filter Life.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 23
6. Push and release the UP
DID screen.
arrow button to exit the
NOTE: If the indicator message illuminates when you
start the vehicle, the fuel filter indicator system did not
reset. If necessary, repeat this procedure.
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Messages
This engine meets all required diesel engine emissions
standards. To achieve these emissions standards, your
vehicle is equipped with a state-of-the-art engine and
exhaust system. These systems are seamlessly integrated
into your vehicle and managed by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The PCM manages engine combustion to allow the exhaust system’s catalyst to trap and
burn Particulate Matter (PM) pollutants, with no input or
interaction on your part.
WARNING!
A hot exhaust system can start a fire if you park over
materials that can burn. Such materials might be
grass or leaves coming into contact with your exhaust
system. Do not park or operate your vehicle in areas
where your exhaust system can contact anything that
can burn.
Your vehicle has the ability to alert you to additional
maintenance required on your vehicle or engine. Refer to
the following messages that may be displayed on your
Driver Information Display (DID):
• Exhaust Filter Nearing Full Safely Drive at Highway
Speeds to Clear — This message will be displayed on
the Driver Information Display (DID) if the exhaust
particulate filter reaches 80% of its maximum storage
capacity. Under conditions of exclusive short duration
and low speed driving cycles, your diesel engine and
3
24 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
exhaust after-treatment system may never reach the • Exhaust System — Regeneration Completed — This
message indicates that the Diesel Particulate Filter
conditions required to cleanse the filter to remove the
(DPF) self-cleaning is completed. If this message is
trapped PM. If this occurs, the “Exhaust Filter XX%
displayed, you will hear one chime to assist in alerting
Full Safely Drive at Highway Speeds to Remedy”
you of this condition.
message will be displayed in the DID. If this message
is displayed, you will hear one chime to assist in
• Exhaust System Service Required - See Dealer —
alerting you of this condition. By simply driving your
This messages indicates regeneration has been disvehicle at highway speeds for up to 20 minutes, you
abled due to a system malfunction. At this point the
can remedy the condition in the particulate filter
engine Powertrain Control Module (PCM) will register
system and allow your diesel engine and exhaust
a fault code, the instrument panel will display a MIL
after-treatment system to cleanse the filter to remove
light.
the trapped PM and restore the system to normal
operating condition.
• Exhaust System Regeneration in Process Continue
Driving — This message indicates that the Diesel
Particulate Filter (DPF) is self-cleaning. Maintain your
current driving condition until regeneration is completed.
CAUTION!
See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
system could occur soon with continued operation.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 25
• Exhaust Filter Full — Power Reduced See Dealer —
CAUTION!
This message indicates the PCM has derated the
engine to limit the likelihood of permanent damage to See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
the after-treatment system. If this condition is not system could occur soon with continued operation.
corrected and a dealer service is not performed, extensive exhaust after-treatment damage can occur. To
correct this condition it will be necessary to have your Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Warning Messages
vehicle serviced by your local authorized dealer.
Your vehicle will begin displaying warning messages
NOTE: Failing to follow the oil change indicator, chang- when the DEF level reaches a driving range of approxiing your oil and resetting the oil change indicator by 0 mately 500 miles. If the following warning message
miles remaining will prevent the diesel exhaust filter sequence is ignored, your vehicle may not restart unless
from performing it’s cleaning routine. This will shortly DEF is added with in the displayed mileage shown in the
result in a Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) and re- DID message.
duced engine power. Only an authorized dealer will be • Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi DEF Low Refill
able to correct this condition.
Soon — This message will display when DEF driving
range is less than 500 miles, DEF fluid top off is
required with in the displayed mileage. The message
will be displayed in the DID during vehicle start up
with the current allowed mileage and accompanied by
3
26 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
a single chime. The remaining mileage can be pulled
up anytime by way of the “Messages” list within the
DID
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi Refill DEF —
This message will display when DEF driving range is
less than 311 miles. It is also displayed at 249 miles, 186
miles, and 124 miles. Continuous Display starts at 124
miles. DEF fluid top off is required with in the displayed mileage. The message will be displayed in the
DID during vehicle start up with an updated distance
mileage, and it will be accompanied by a single chime.
Starting at 100 miles, remaining range will be continuously displayed while operating the vehicle. Chimes
will also accompany the 75, 50 and 25 mile remaining
distances. The DEF Low telltale will be on continuously until DEF fluid is topped off.
• Engine Will Not Restart Refill DEF — This message
will display when the DEF driving range is less than 1
mile, DEF fluid top off is required or the engine will
not restart. The message will be displayed in the DID
during vehicle start up, and it will be accompanied by
a single chime. The DEF Low telltale will be illuminated continuously until DEF fluid tank is filled with a
minimum of two gallons of DEF.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Fault Warning
Messages
There are different messages which are displayed if the
vehicle detects that the DEF system has been filled with
a fluid other than DEF, has experienced component
failures, or when tampering has been detected.
When the DEF system needs to be serviced the following
warnings will display:
• Service DEF System See Dealer — This message will
display when the fault is initially detected and each
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 27
time the vehicle is started. The message will be accompanied by a single chime and the Malfunction Indicator Light. We recommend you drive to your nearest
authorized dealer and have your vehicle serviced
immediately. If not corrected in 30 miles, vehicle will
enter the “Engine Will not restart in XXXmi Service
DEF See dealer” warning stage and message.
detected is not serviced after 30 miles of operation. It is
also displayed at 250 miles 186 miles and 124 miles.
System service is required within the displayed mileage. The message will be displayed in the DID during
vehicle start up with an updated distance mileage, and
it will be accompanied by a single chime. Starting at
124 miles, remaining range will be continuously displayed while operating the vehicle. Chimes will also
accompany the 75, 50 and 25 mile remaining distances.
We recommend you drive to your nearest authorized
dealer and have your vehicle serviced immediately.
• Incorrect DEF Detected See Dealer — This message
will display if the DEF system has detected the incorrect fluid has been introduced to the DEF tank. The
message will be accompanied by a single chime. We
recommend you drive to your nearest authorized • Engine Will Not Restart Service DEF System See
Dealer — This message will display if DEF system
dealer and have your vehicle serviced immediately. If
not corrected in 30 miles, vehicle will enter the Engine
issue detected is not serviced during the allowed
period. Your engine will not restart unless your vehicle
Will not restart in XXX mi Service DEF See dealer
is serviced by your authorized dealer. This message
warning stage and message.
will be displayed when under 1 mile until engine will
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXX mi Service DEF See
not start and each time the vehicle is started, and will
Dealer — This message is first displayed if the fault
3
28 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
be continuously displayed. The message will be ac- NOTE:
companied by a single chime. Your Malfunction Indi• The gauge may take up to five seconds to update after
cator Light will be continuously illumined. We highly
adding a gallon or more of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)
recommend you drive to your nearest authorized
to the DEF tank. If you have a fault related to the DEF
dealer if the message appears while engine is running.
system, the gauge may not update to the new level. See
your authorized dealer for service.
• Engine Will Not Start Service DEF System See
Dealer — This message will display when the fault
• The DEF gauge may also not immediately update after
detected is not serviced after the Engine will not restart
a refill if the temperature of the DEF fluid is below 12F
Service DEF System See Dealer message is displayed
(-11C). The DEF line heater will possibly warm up the
on the next subsequent restart. Your engine will not
DEF fluid and allow the gauge to update after a period
start unless you vehicle is serviced by your authorized
of run time. Under very cold conditions, it is possible
dealer. The message will be accompanied by a single
that the gauge may not reflect the new fill level for
chime. Your Malfunction Indicator Light will be conseveral drives.
tinuously illuminated. If the message appears and you
can not start the engine, we recommend you have your
vehicle towed to your nearest authorized dealer immediately.
STARTING AND OPERATING
CONTENTS
䡵 STARTING PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
▫ Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
▫ Extreme Cold Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
▫ Normal Starting Procedure — Keyless
Enter-N-Go. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
▫ Starting Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
▫ Cooling System Tips — Automatic
Transmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
䡵 ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED . . . .40
䡵 FUEL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
▫ Fuel Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
▫ Biodiesel Fuel Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
䡵 NORMAL OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 䡵 TRAILER TOWING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
▫ Cold Weather Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
▫ Common Towing Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
▫ Engine Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
▫ Trailer Hitch Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
▫ Stopping The Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
4
30 STARTING AND OPERATING
▫ Trailer Towing Weights (Maximum Trailer Weight
䡵 ADDING FUEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ratings) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
▫ Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel .
▫ Trailer And Tongue Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
▫ Bulk Fuel Storage — Diesel Fuel
▫ Towing Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage . . .
▫ Towing Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
▫ Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid . . .
䡵 DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
▫ System Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
. . . . . . . . . . .59
. . . . . . . . . . .62
. . . . . . . . . . .62
. . . . . . . . . . .62
. . . . . . . . . . .63
STARTING AND OPERATING 31
STARTING PROCEDURES
WARNING! (Continued)
Before starting your vehicle, adjust your seat, both inside
and outside mirrors, and fasten your seat belts.
The starter is allowed to crank for up to 30-second
intervals. Waiting a few minutes between such intervals
will protect the starter from overheating.
WARNING!
• Before exiting a vehicle, always shift the automatic
transmission into PARK and apply the parking
brake. Always make sure the keyless ignition node
is in the “OFF” mode, remove the Key Fob from the
vehicle and lock the vehicle.
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Leaving children in
a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a number of
(Continued)
reasons. A child or others could be seriously or
fatally injured. Children should be warned not to
touch the parking brake, brake pedal or the gear
selector.
• Do not leave the key fob in or near the vehicle, or
in a location accessible to children, and do not
leave the ignition of a vehicle equipped with
Keyless Enter-N-Go in the ACC or ON/RUN mode.
A child could operate power windows, other controls, or move the vehicle.
• Do not leave children or animals inside parked
vehicles in hot weather. Interior heat build-up may
cause serious injury or death.
NOTE: Engine start up in very low ambient temperature
could result in evident white smoke. This condition will
disappear as the engine warms up.
4
32 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION!
• The engine is allowed to crank as long as 30
seconds. If the engine fails to start during this
period, please wait at least two minutes for the
starter to cool before repeating start procedure.
• If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on,
DO NOT START engine before you drain the water
from the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer
to “Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water
Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for
further information.
Extreme Cold Weather
The engine block heater is a resistance heater installed in
the water jacket of the engine. It requires a 110–115 Volt
AC electrical outlet with a grounded, three-wire extension cord. Its use is recommended for environments that
routinely fall below -10°F (-23°C). It should be used when
the vehicle has not been running overnight or longer
periods and should be plugged in two hours prior to
start. Its use is required for cold starts with temperatures
under -20°F (-28°C).
NOTE: The engine block heater cord is a factory installed option. If your vehicle is not equipped, heater
Automatic Transmission
cords are available from your authorized MOPAR
Start the engine with the transmission gear selector in the dealer.
PARK position. Apply the brake before shifting to any • A 12 Volt heater built into the fuel filter housing aids in
preventing fuel gelling. It is controlled by a built-in
driving range.
thermostat.
STARTING AND OPERATING 33
• A Diesel Pre-Heat system both improves engine start- NOTE: A delay of the start of up to five seconds is
ing and reduces the amount of white smoke generated possible under very cold conditions. The ⬙Wait to Start⬙
telltale will be illuminated during the pre-heat process,
by a warming engine.
When the engine Wait To Start light goes off the engine
Normal Starting Procedure — Keyless Enter-N-Go
will automatically crank.
Observe the instrument panel cluster lights when starting
the engine.
CAUTION!
NOTE: Normal starting of either a cold or a warm
engine is obtained without pumping or pressing the
accelerator pedal
1. Always apply the parking brake.
2. Press and hold the brake pedal while pushing the
ENGINE START/STOP button once.
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START the engine before you drain the water
from the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
3. The system will automatically engage the starter to
crank the engine. If the vehicle fails to start, the starter
will disengage automatically after 25 seconds.
4
34 STARTING AND OPERATING
4. If you wish to stop the cranking of the engine prior to
the engine starting, push the button again.
5. Check that the oil pressure warning light has turned
off.
6. Release the parking brake.
Starting Fluids
The engine is equipped with a glow plug preheating
system. If the instructions in this manual are followed,
the engine should start in all conditions and no type of
starting fluid should be used.
WARNING!
• Do not leave children or animals inside parked
vehicles in hot weather. Interior heat build up may
cause serious injury or death.
(Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• When leaving the vehicle, always make sure the
keyless ignition node is in the “OFF” mode, remove the key fob from the vehicle and lock the
vehicle.
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a
number of reasons. A child or others could be
seriously or fatally injured. Children should be
warned not to touch the parking brake, brake pedal
or the gear selector.
• Do not leave the key fob in or near the vehicle, or
in a location accessible to children, and do not
leave the ignition of a vehicle equipped with
Keyless Enter-N-Go in the ACC or ON/RUN mode.
A child could operate power windows, other controls, or move the vehicle.
STARTING AND OPERATING 35
module. Glow plug heater operation can run for several
minutes, once the heater operation is complete the voltObserve the following when the diesel engine is operatmeter needle will stabilize.
ing.
Cold Weather Precautions
• All message center lights are off.
NORMAL OPERATION
• Engine Oil Pressure telltale is not illuminated.
Operation in ambient temperature below 32°F (0°C) may
require special considerations. The following charts suggest these options:
• Voltmeter operation:
Fuel Operating Range
• Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) is off.
The voltmeter may show a gauge fluctuation at various NOTE: Use “Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuels” ONLY.
engine temperatures. This is caused by the glow plug
heating system. The number of cycles and the length of
the cycling operation is controlled by the engine control
4
36 STARTING AND OPERATING
Fuel Operating Range Chart
STARTING AND OPERATING 37
*No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel should only be used • If climatized or diesel Number 1 ULSD fuel is not
where extended arctic conditions (0°F/-18°C) exist”.
available, and you are operating below (20°F/-6°C), in
sustained arctic conditions, Mopar Premium Diesel
NOTE:
Fuel Treatment (or equivalent) is recommended to
avoid gelling (see Fuel Operating Range Chart).
• Use of Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel or
Number 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel results in a
Engine Oil Usage
noticeable decrease in fuel economy.
Refer to “Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your
• Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel is a blend of Vehicle” for the correct engine oil viscosity.
Number 2 Ultra Low Sulfur and Number 1 Ultra Low
Sulfur Diesel Fuels which reduces the temperature at Engine Warm-Up
which wax crystals form in fuel.
Avoid full throttle operation when the engine is cold.
• The fuel grade should be clearly marked on the pump When starting a cold engine, bring the engine up to
operating speed slowly to allow the oil pressure to
at the fuel station.
stabilize as the engine warms up.
• The engine requires the use of “Ultra Low Sulfur
Diesel Fuel”. Use of incorrect fuel could result in If temperatures are below 32°F (0°C), operate the engine
engine and exhaust system damage. Refer to “Fuel at moderate speeds for five minutes before full loads are
Requirements” in “Starting And Operating” for fur- applied.
ther information.
4
38 STARTING AND OPERATING
Engine Idling
Stopping The Engine
Avoid prolonged idling, long periods of idling may be
harmful to your engine because combustion chamber
temperatures can drop so low that the fuel may not burn
completely. Incomplete combustion allows carbon and
varnish to form on piston rings, cylinder head valves,
and injector nozzles. Also, the unburned fuel can enter
the crankcase, diluting the oil and causing rapid wear to
the engine.
After full load operation, idle the engine for a few
minutes before shutting it down. This idle period will
allow the lubricating oil and coolant to carry excess heat
away from the turbocharger.
Driving Condition
Load
Stop and Go
Stop and Go
Highway Speeds
City Traffic
Highway Speeds
Uphill Grade
Empty
Medium
Medium
Maximum GCWR
Maximum GCWR
Maximum GCWR
NOTE: Refer to the following chart for proper engine
shutdown.
Turbocharger Temperature
Cool
Warm
Hot
Idle Time (min.) Before
Engine Shutdown
None
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
STARTING AND OPERATING 39
NOTE: Under certain conditions the engine fan will run Do Not Operate The Engine With Low Oil
after the engine is turned off. These conditions are under Pressure
high load and high temperature conditions.
If the low oil pressure warning light turns on while
driving, stop the vehicle and shut down the engine as
Cooling System Tips — Automatic Transmission
soon as possible. A chime will sound when the light turns
To reduce the potential for engine and transmission
on.
overheating in high ambient temperature conditions,
take the following actions:
NOTE: Do not operate the vehicle until the cause is
• City Driving — When stopped, shift the transmission corrected. This light does not show how much oil is in the
engine. The engine oil level must be checked under the
into NEUTRAL and increase engine idle speed.
hood.
• Highway Driving — Reduce your speed.
• Up Steep Hills — Select a lower transmission gear.
• Air Conditioning — Turn it off temporarily.
NOTE: If the coolant temperature is too high the A/C
will automatically turn off.
CAUTION!
If oil pressure falls to less than normal readings, shut
the engine off immediately. Failure to do so could
result in immediate and severe engine damage.
4
40 STARTING AND OPERATING
Do Not Operate The Engine With Failed Parts
ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED
All engine failures give some warning before the parts
fail. Be on the alert for changes in performance, sounds,
and visual evidence that the engine requires service.
Some important clues are:
The engine block heater warms engine coolant and
permits quicker starts in cold weather. Connect the heater
cord to a ground-fault interrupter protected 110–115 Volt
AC electrical outlet with a grounded, three-wire extension cord.
• Engine misfiring or vibrating severely.
Its use is recommended for environments that routinely
fall below -10°F (-23°C). It should be used when the
Unusual engine noises.
vehicle has not been running for long periods of time and
should be plugged in two hours prior to start. Its use is
Fuel, oil or coolant leaks.
required for cold starts with temperatures under -20°F
Sudden change, outside the normal operating range, in
(-28°C).
the engine operating temperature.
To ensure reliable starting at these temperatures, use of
Excessive smoke.
an externally powered electric engine block heater (availOil pressure drop.
able from your authorized dealer) is recommended.
• Sudden loss of power.
•
•
•
•
•
STARTING AND OPERATING 41
provide good performance. If the vehicle is exposed to
extreme cold (below 20°F or -7°C), or is required to
Remember to disconnect the cord before driving. operate at colder-than-normal conditions for prolonged
Damage to the 110–115 Volt electrical cord could periods, use climatized No. 2 diesel fuel or dilute the No.
2 diesel fuel with 50% No. 1 diesel fuel. This will provide
cause electrocution.
better protection from fuel gelling or wax-plugging of the
NOTE: The block heater will require 110 Volts AC and fuel filters.
6.5 Amps to activate the heater element.
WARNING!
FUEL REQUIREMENTS
WARNING!
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending
your vehicle. Federal law requires that you must fuel this agent. They can be unstable under certain conditions
vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (15 and hazardous or explosive when mixed with diesel
ppm Sulfur maximum) and prohibits the use of Low fuel.
Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum)
Diesel fuel is seldom completely free of water. To prevent
to avoid damage to the emissions control system.
fuel system trouble, drain the accumulated water from
For most year-round service, No. 2 diesel fuel meeting the fuel/water separator using the fuel/water separator
ASTM (formerly known as the American Society for drain provided on the fuel filter housing. If you buy good
Testing and Materials) specification D-975 Grade S15 will quality fuel and follow the cold weather advice above,
4
42 STARTING AND OPERATING
fuel conditioners should not be required in your vehicle. NOTE:
If available in your area, a high cetane “premium” diesel
• If you accidentally fill the fuel tank with gasoline on
fuel may offer improved cold-starting and warm-up
your diesel vehicle, do not start the engine. Damage to
performance.
the engine and fuel system could occur. Please call
your authorized dealer for service.
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START engine before you drain the water from
the fuel filter(s) to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
Fuel Specifications
This diesel engine has been developed to take advantage
of the high energy content and generally lower cost No.
2 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel or No. 2 Ultra Low Sulfur
climatized diesel fuels.
• A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM
specification D-975 may be used with your diesel
engine without any adjustments to regular service
schedules.
• Commercially available fuel additives are not necessary for the proper operation of your diesel engine.
• No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel should only be used
where extended arctic conditions (-10°F or -23°C) exist.
STARTING AND OPERATING 43
Biodiesel Fuel Requirements
A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM specification D975 is recommended for use with your diesel
engine. If frequent operation with Biodiesel blends that
are between 6% and 20% (B6–B20) is desired, the maintenance schedule is subject to shorter intervals.
CAUTION!
Failure to comply with Oil Change requirements for
vehicles operating on biodiesel blends between 6%
and 20% (B6–B20) will result in premature engine
wear. Such wear is not covered by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty.
The oil and filter change along with fuel filter replacement is subject to shorter intervals when operating your Biodiesel is a fuel produced from renewable resources
engine on biodiesel greater than 5%. Do not use biodiesel typically derived from animal fat, rapeseed oil (Rapeseed
Methyl Ester (RME) base), or soybean oil (Soy Methyl
greater than 20%.
Ester (SME or SOME) base).
For regular use of biodiesel blends between 6% and 20%
(B6–B20) it is important that you understand and comply Biodiesel fuel has inherent limitations which require that
with these requirements. Refer to the “Maintenance you understand and adhere to the following requireChart” in the “Maintenance Schedules” section for fur- ments if you use blends of Biodiesel between 6% and 20%
(B6–B20). There are no unique restrictions for the use of
ther direction.
B5.
4
44 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION!
Use of blends greater than 20% is not approved. Use
of blends greater than 20% can result in engine
damage. Such damage is not covered by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Fuel Quality — Must Comply With ASTM
Standards
The quality of Biodiesel fuel may vary widely. Only fuel
produced by a BQ9000 supplier to the following specifications may be blended to meet Biodiesel blend B6 – B20
fuel meeting ASTM specification D-7467:
• Petrodiesel fuel meeting ASTM specification D-975
and Biodiesel fuel (B100) meeting ASTM specification
D-6751
Biodiesel fuel may gel or solidify at low ambient temperatures, which may pose problems for both storage and Fuel Oxidation Stability — Must Use Fuel Within
operation. Precautions can be necessary at low ambient Six Months Of Manufacture
temperatures, such as storing the fuel in a heated buildBiodiesel fuel has poor oxidation stability which can
ing or a heated storage tank, or using cold temperature
result in long term storage problems. Fuel produced to
additives.
approved ASTM standards, if stored properly, provides
for protection against fuel oxidation for up to six months.
Biodiesel Fuel Properties — Low Ambient
Temperatures
STARTING AND OPERATING 45
Fuel Water Separation — Must Use MOPAR
Approved Fuel Filter Elements
Biodiesel fuel has a natural affinity to water and water
accelerates microbial growth. Your MOPAR filtration
system is designed to provide adequate fuel water separation capabilities.
Fuel In Oil Dilution — Must Adhere To Required
Oil Change Interval
Fuel dilution of lubricating oil has been observed with
the use of Biodiesel fuel. Fuel in oil must not exceed 5%.
To ensure this limit is met your oil change interval must
be maintained with in the suggested schedule. The
regular use of biodiesel between 6% and 20% requires
intervals shorter than the outlined 10,000 miles and must
not exceed the suggested schedule. When routinely operating on biodiesel between 6% and 20%, oil and filter
replacement intervals must not exceed 8,000 Miles or 6
months, which ever comes first.
Biodiesel Fuel Filter Change Intervals
The use of biodiesel requires intervals shorter than the
outlined 30,000 miles (48 280 km) and must not exceed
the suggested schedule. When operating on biodiesel
between 6% and 20%, fuel filter replacement intervals
must not exceed 20,000 Miles (40 233 km).
NOTE: Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 8,000 miles (12 875 km) or 6 months, if
regular operation occurs with 6% - 20% biodiesel blends.
Under no circumstances should fuel filter intervals exceed 20,000 miles (40 233 km), if regular operation occurs
with 6% - 20% biodiesel blends. Failure to comply with
these Oil Change and fuel filter requirements for vehicles
operating on biodiesel blends up to B20 may result in
premature engine wear. Such wear is not covered by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The engine may suffer
severe damage if operated with concentrations of biodiesel higher than 20%.
4
46 STARTING AND OPERATING
exceed the GVWR. Refer to “Vehicle Loading/Vehicle
Certification Label” in “Starting And Operating” for
In this section you will find safety tips and information
further information.
on limits to the type of towing you can reasonably do
with your vehicle. Before towing a trailer, carefully Gross Trailer Weight (GTW)
review this information to tow your load as efficiently
The GTW is the weight of the trailer plus the weight of all
and safely as possible.
cargo, consumables and equipment (permanent or temTo maintain the New Vehicle Limited Warranty coverage, porary) loaded in or on the trailer in its ⬙loaded and
follow the requirements and recommendations in this ready for operation⬙ condition.
manual concerning vehicles used for trailer towing.
The recommended way to measure GTW is to put your
Common Towing Definitions
fully loaded trailer on a vehicle scale. The entire weight
The following trailer towing related definitions will assist of the trailer must be supported by the scale.
TRAILER TOWING
you in understanding the following information:
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
The GVWR is the total allowable weight of your vehicle.
This includes driver, passengers, cargo and tongue
weight. The total load must be limited so that you do not
WARNING!
If the gross trailer weight is 5,000 lbs (2 267 kg) or
more, it is recommended to use a weight-distributing
hitch to ensure stable handling of your vehicle. If
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 47
WARNING! (Continued)
WARNING!
you use a standard weight-carrying hitch, you could
lose control of your vehicle and cause a collision.
It is important that you do not exceed the maximum
front or rear GAWR. A dangerous driving condition
can result if either rating is exceeded.
Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR)
The GCWR is the total permissible weight of your vehicle Tongue Weight (TW)
and trailer when weighed in combination.
The tongue weight is the downward force exerted on the
hitch ball by the trailer. You must consider this as part of
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)
the load on your vehicle.
The GAWR is the maximum capacity of the front and rear
axles. Distribute the load over the front and rear axles Frontal Area
evenly. Make sure that you do not exceed either front or The frontal area is the maximum height multiplied by the
rear GAWR. Refer to “Vehicle Loading/Vehicle Certifica- maximum width of the front of a trailer.
tion Label” in “Starting And Operating” for further
Trailer Sway Control
information.
The trailer sway control can be a mechanical telescoping
link that can be installed between the hitch receiver and
4
48 STARTING AND OPERATING
the trailer tongue that typically provides adjustable fric- for heavier loads to distribute trailer tongue weight to the
tion associated with the telescoping motion to dampen tow vehicle’s front axle and the trailer axle(s). When used
any unwanted trailer swaying motions while traveling. in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions, it provides for a more level ride, offering more consistent
If equipped, the electronic Trailer Sway Control (TSC) steering and brake control thereby enhancing towing
recognizes a swaying trailer and automatically applies safety. The addition of a friction/hydraulic sway control
individual wheel brakes and/or reduces engine power to also dampens sway caused by traffic and crosswinds and
contributes positively to tow vehicle and trailer stability.
attempt to eliminate the trailer sway.
Trailer sway control and a weight distributing (load
Weight-Carrying Hitch
equalizing) hitch are recommended for heavier Tongue
A weight-carrying hitch supports the trailer tongue Weights (TW) and may be required depending on vehicle
weight, just as if it were luggage located at a hitch ball or and trailer configuration/loading to comply with Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) requirements.
some other connecting point of the vehicle. These kinds
of hitches are the most popular on the market today and
WARNING!
they are commonly used to tow small and medium sized
trailers.
• An improperly adjusted Weight Distributing Hitch
system may reduce handling, stability, braking
Weight-Distributing Hitch
performance, and could result in a collision.
A weight-distributing system works by applying leverage through spring (load) bars. They are typically used
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 49
WARNING! (Continued)
• Weight Distributing Systems may not be compatible with Surge Brake Couplers. Consult with your
hitch and trailer manufacturer or a reputable Recreational Vehicle dealer for additional information.
Trailer Hitch Classification
The following chart provides the industry standard for
the maximum trailer weight a given trailer hitch class can
tow and should be used to assist you in selecting the
correct trailer hitch for your intended towing condition.
4
Trailer Hitch Classification Definitions
Class
Max. Trailer Hitch Industry Standards
Class I - Light Duty
2,000 lbs (907 kg)
Class II - Medium Duty
3,500 lbs (1 587 kg)
Class III - Heavy Duty
5,000 lbs (2 267 kg)
Class IV - Extra Heavy Duty
10,000 lbs (4 535 kg)
Refer to the “Trailer Towing Weights (Maximum Trailer Weight Ratings)” chart for the Maximum Gross Trailer
Weight (GTW) towable for your given drivetrain.
All trailer hitches should be professionally installed on your vehicle.
50 STARTING AND OPERATING
Trailer Towing Weights (Maximum Trailer Weight Ratings)
The following chart provides the maximum trailer weight ratings towable for your given drivetrain:
Engine
3.0L Diesel
3.0L Diesel
Max. GTW (Gross
Trailer Wt.)
4x2
55 sq ft (5.11 sq m)
7,400 lbs (3 356 kg)
4x4
55 sq ft (5.11 sq m)
7,200 lbs (3 265 kg)
Refer to local laws for maximum trailer towing speeds.
Model
Frontal Area
NOTE: The trailer tongue weight must be considered as
part of the combined weight of occupants and cargo, and
should never exceed the weight referenced on the Tire
and Loading Information placard. Refer to “Tire Safety
Information” in “Starting and Operating” in your owners
manual for further information. The addition of passengers and cargo may require reducing trailer tongue load
and Gross Trailer Weight (GTW). Redistributing cargo (to
the trailer) may be necessary to avoid exceeding Rear
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) of 3,700 lbs (1 678 kg).
Max. Trailer Tongue
Wt. (See Note)
740 lbs (335 kg)
720 lbs (326 kg)
Trailer And Tongue Weight
Never exceed the maximum tongue weight stamped on
your trailer hitch.
Consider the following items when computing the
weight on the rear axle of the vehicle:
• The tongue weight of the trailer
• The weight of any other type of cargo or equipment
put in or on your vehicle
STARTING AND OPERATING 51
• The weight of the driver and all passengers
CAUTION! (Continued)
NOTE: Remember that everything put into or on the • Then, during the first 500 miles (805 km) that a
trailer adds to the load on your vehicle. Also, additional
trailer is towed, do not drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
factory-installed options or dealer-installed options must
and do not make starts at full throttle. This helps
the engine and other parts of the vehicle wear in at
be considered as part of the total load on your vehicle.
the heavier loads.
Refer to “Tire Safety Information/Tire and Loading Information Placard” in “Starting And Operating” for
Perform the maintenance listed in the “Maintenance
further information.
Schedule”. Refer to “Maintenance Schedule” for the
proper maintenance intervals. When towing a trailer,
Towing Requirements
never exceed the GAWR or GCWR ratings.
To promote proper break-in of your new vehicle drivetrain
components, the following guidelines are recommended.
WARNING!
• Do not tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(805 km) the new vehicle is driven. The engine, axle
or other parts could be damaged.
Improper towing can lead to a collision. Follow these
guidelines to make your trailer towing as safe as
possible:
• Make certain that the load is secured in the trailer
and will not shift during travel. When trailering
(Continued)
(Continued)
CAUTION!
4
52 STARTING AND OPERATING
WARNING! (Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
cargo that is not fully secured, dynamic load shifts
can occur that may be difficult for the driver to
control. You could lose control of your vehicle and
have a collision.
• When hauling cargo or towing a trailer, do not
overload your vehicle or trailer. Overloading can
cause a loss of control, poor performance or damage to brakes, axle, engine, transmission, steering,
suspension, chassis structure or tires.
• Safety chains must always be used between your
vehicle and trailer. Always connect the chains to
the hook retainers of the vehicle hitch. Cross the
chains under the trailer tongue and allow enough
slack for turning corners.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a
grade. When parking, apply the parking brake on
the tow vehicle. Put the tow vehicle transmission in
PARK. For four-wheel drive vehicles, make sure
the transfer case is not in NEUTRAL. Always,
block or ⴖchockⴖ the trailer wheels.
• GCWR must not be exceeded.
• Total weight must be distributed between the tow
vehicle and the trailer such that the following four
ratings are not exceeded:
(Continued)
1. GVWR
2. GTW
3. GAWR
4. Tongue weight rating for the trailer hitch utilized.
STARTING AND OPERATING 53
Towing Requirements — Tires
• Do not attempt to tow a trailer while using a compact
spare tire.
“Starting And Operating” in your Owner’s Manual for
the proper tire replacement procedures. Replacing tires
with a higher load carrying capacity will not increase
the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR limits.
• Proper tire inflation pressures are essential to the safe
Towing Requirements — Trailer Brakes
and satisfactory operation of your vehicle. Refer to
“Tires – General Information” in your Tire Information
WARNING!
Supplement or “Starting And Operating” in your
Owner’s Manual for proper tire inflation procedures.
• Do not connect trailer brakes to your vehicle’s
hydraulic brake lines. It can overload your brake
• Check the trailer tires for proper tire inflation pressystem and cause it to fail. You might not have
sures before trailer usage.
brakes when you need them and could have an
• Check for signs of tire wear or visible tire damage
accident.
before towing a trailer. Refer to “Tires – General • Towing any trailer will increase your stopping
Information” in your Tire Information Supplement or
distance. When towing you should allow for addi“Starting And Operating” in your Owner’s Manual for
tional space between your vehicle and the vehicle
the proper inspection procedure.
in front of you. Failure to do so could result in an
accident.
• When replacing tires, refer to “Tires – General Information” in your Tire Information Supplement or
4
54 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION!
If the trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs (453 kg)
loaded, it should have its own brakes and they
should be of adequate capacity. Failure to do this
could lead to accelerated brake lining wear, higher
brake pedal effort, and longer stopping distances.
• Trailer brakes are recommended for trailers over
1,000 lbs (453 kg) and required for trailers in excess of
1,653 lbs (749 kg).
Towing Requirements — Trailer Lights And Wiring
Whenever you pull a trailer, regardless of the trailer size,
stoplights and turn signals on the trailer are required for
motoring safety.
• Do not interconnect the hydraulic brake system or
vacuum system of your vehicle with that of the trailer. The Trailer Tow Package may include a four- and sevenThis could cause inadequate braking and possible pin wiring harness. Use a factory approved trailer harness and connector.
personal injury.
• An electronically actuated trailer brake controller is NOTE: Do not cut or splice wiring into the vehicles
required when towing a trailer with electronically wiring harness.
actuated brakes. When towing a trailer equipped with The electrical connections are all complete to the vehicle
a hydraulic surge actuated brake system, an electronic but you must mate the harness to a trailer connector.
brake controller is not required.
Refer to the following illustrations.
STARTING AND OPERATING 55
4
Four-Pin Connector
1 — Female Pins
2 — Male Pin
3 — Ground
4 — Park
5 — Left Stop/Turn
6 — Right Stop/Turn
Seven-Pin Connector
1
2
3
4
—
—
—
—
Battery
Backup Lamps
Right Stop/Turn
Electric Brakes
5 — Ground
6 — Left Stop/Turn
7 — Running Lamps
56 STARTING AND OPERATING
Towing Tips
Autostick
Before setting out on a trip, practice turning, stopping • When using the AutoStick shift control, select the
and backing the trailer up in an area away from heavy
highest gear that allows for adequate performance and
traffic.
avoids frequent downshifts. For example, choose “5” if
the desired speed can be maintained. Choose “4” or
Automatic Transmission
“3” if needed to maintain the desired speed.
The DRIVE range can be selected when towing. The
transmission controls include a drive strategy to avoid • To prevent excess heat generation, avoid continuous
driving at high RPM. Reduce vehicle speed as necesfrequent shifting when towing. However, if frequent
sary to avoid extended driving at high RPM. Return to
shifting does occur while in DRIVE, you can use the
a higher gear or vehicle speed when grade and road
AutoStick shift control or manual gate of shifter to
conditions allow.
manually select a lower gear.
NOTE: Using a lower gear while operating the vehicle Electronic Speed Control — If Equipped
under heavy loading conditions, will improve perfor- • Do not use in hilly terrain or with heavy loads.
mance and extend transmission life by reducing excessive shifting and heat buildup. This action will also • When using the speed control, if you experience speed
drops greater than 10 mph (16 km/h), disengage until
provide better engine braking.
you can get back to cruising speed.
STARTING AND OPERATING 57
• Use speed control in flat terrain and with light loads to DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID
maximize fuel efficiency.
Your vehicle is equipped with a Selective Catalytic Reduction system to meet the very stringent diesel emisCooling System
sions standards required by the Environmental ProtecTo reduce potential for engine and transmission overtion Agency.
heating, take the following actions:
The purpose of the SCR system is to reduce levels of NOx
City Driving
(oxides of nitrogen emitted from engines) that are harmWhen stopped for short periods of time, shift the trans- ful to our health and the environment to a near-zero level.
mission into NEUTRAL and increase engine idle speed. Small quantities of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is injected
into the exhaust upstream of a catalyst where, when
Highway Driving
vaporized, it converts smog-forming nitrogen oxides
Reduce speed.
(NOx) into harmless nitrogen (N2) and water vapor
(H2O), two natural components of the air we breathe.
Air Conditioning
You can operate with the comfort that your vehicle is
Turn off temporarily.
contributing to a cleaner, healthier world environment
for this and generations to come.
4
58 STARTING AND OPERATING
The DEF injection system and SCR catalyst enable the
This vehicle is equipped with a Diesel Exhaust Fluid achievement of diesel emissions requirements; while
(DEF) injection system and a Selective Catalytic Reduc- maintaining outstanding fuel economy, drivability,
torque and power ratings.
tion (SCR) catalyst to meet the emission requirements.
Refer to “Driver Information Display (DID)” in “UnderThe DEF injection system consists of the following comstanding Your Instrument Panel” for system messages
ponents:
and warnings.
• DEF tank
NOTE:
• DEF pump
• Your vehicle is equipped with a DEF injection system.
• DEF injector
You may occasionally hear an audible clicking noise
from under the vehicle at a stop. This is normal
• Electronically-heated DEF lines
operation.
• NOx sensors
• The DEF pump will run for a period of time after
• Temperature sensors
engine shutdown to purge the DEF system. This is
normal operation and may be audible from the rear of
• SCR catalyst
the vehicle.
System Overview
STARTING AND OPERATING 59
ADDING FUEL
1. Press the fuel filler door release switch (located under
the headlamp switch).
4
Fuel and Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
1 — Fuel Fill Location
2 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
Fuel Filler Door Release Switch
2. Open the fuel filler door.
NOTE: There is no fuel filler cap. A flapper door inside
the filler pipe seals the system.
60 STARTING AND OPERATING
3. Insert the fuel nozzle fully into the filler pipe – the
nozzle opens and holds the flapper door while refueling.
4. Fill the vehicle with fuel – when the fuel nozzle
“clicks” or shuts off the fuel tank is full.
5. Remove the fuel nozzle and close the fuel door.
Emergency Fuel Can Refueling
Most fuel cans will not open the flapper door.
A funnel is provided to open the flapper door to allow
emergency refueling with a fuel can.
1. Retrieve funnel from the spare tire kit.
Fuel Fill Funnel
2. Insert funnel into same filler pipe opening as the fuel
nozzle.
STARTING AND OPERATING 61
CAUTION!
To avoid fuel spillage and overfilling, do not “top
off” the fuel tank after filling.
WARNING!
Emergency Fuel Fill Location
NOTE: Ensure funnel is inserted fully to hold flapper
door open.
3. Pour fuel into funnel opening.
4. Remove funnel from filler pipe, clean off prior to
putting back in the spare tire kit.
• Never have any smoking materials lit in or near the
vehicle when the fuel door is open or the tank is
being filled.
• Never add fuel when the engine is running. This is
in violation of most state and federal fire regulations and may cause the “Malfunction Indicator
Light” to turn on.
• A fire may result if fuel is pumped into a portable
container that is inside of a vehicle. You could be
burned. Always place fuel containers on the
ground while filling.
4
62 STARTING AND OPERATING
If the vehicle will not start, refer to “Maintenance
Procedures/Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel”
Fuel that is contaminated by water or dirt can cause
in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
severe damage to the engine fuel system. Proper maintenance of the engine fuel filter and fuel tank is essential.
WARNING!
Refer to “Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your
Vehicle” for further information.
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
Bulk Fuel Storage — Diesel Fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
If you store quantities of fuel, good maintenance of the injury or death.
stored fuel is also essential. Fuel contaminated with
water will promote the growth of “microbes.” These Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage
microbes form “slime” that will clog the fuel filtration
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is considered a very stable
system and lines. Drain condensation from the supply
product with a long shelf life. If DEF is kept in temperatank and change the line filter on a regular basis.
tures between 10° and 90°F (-12° and 32°C), it will last a
NOTE: When a diesel engine is allowed to run out of minimum of one year.
fuel, air is pulled into the fuel system.
Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel
STARTING AND OPERATING 63
DEF is subject to freezing at the lowest temperatures. For
example, DEF may freeze at temperatures at or below 12°
F (-11° C). The system has been designed to operate in
this environment.
Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid
• Any containers or parts that come into contact with
DEF must be DEF compatible (plastic or stainless
steel). Copper, brass, aluminum, iron or non-stainless
steel should be avoided as they are subject to corrosion
by DEF.
NOTE: Driving conditions (altitude, vehicle speed, load,
etc.) will effect the amount of DEF that is used in your
vehicle.
• If DEF is spilled, it should be wiped up completely.
NOTE: Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts”
in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for the correct fluid type.
The DEF gauge (located on the Driver Information Display (DID display) will display the level of DEF remaining in the tank. Refer to “Driver Information Display
NOTE: When working with DEF, it is important to know (DID)” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
further information.
that:
DEF Fill Procedure
1. Remove cap from DEF fill inlet (located in fuel door).
4
64 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE:
• The DEF gauge may take up to five seconds to
update after adding a gallon or more of Diesel
Exhaust Fluid (DEF) to the DEF tank. If you have a
fault related to the DEF system, the gauge may not
update to the new level. See your authorized dealer
for service.
Fuel and Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
1 — Fuel Fill Location
2 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
2. Insert DEF fill adapter/nozzle into DEF fill inlet.
• The DEF gauge may also not immediately update
after a refill if the temperature of the DEF fluid is
below 12F (-11C). The DEF line heater will possibly
warm up the DEF fluid and allow the gauge to
update after a period of run time. Under very cold
conditions, it is possible that the gauge may not
reflect the new fill level for several drives.
STARTING AND OPERATING 65
CAUTION!
CAUTION! (Continued)
• To avoid DEF spillage, and possible damage to the
DEF tank from overfilling, do not “top off” the DEF
tank after filling.
• DO NOT OVERFILL. DEF will freeze below 12ºF
(-11ºC). The DEF system is designed to work in
temperatures below the DEF freezing point, however, if the tank is overfilled and freezes, the
system could be damaged.
• When DEF is spilled, clean the area immediately
with water and use an absorbent material to soak
up the spills on the ground.
• Do not attempt to start your engine if DEF is
accidentally added to the diesel fuel tank as it can
result in severe damage to your engine, including
but not limited to failure of the fuel pump and
injectors.
• Never add anything other than DEF to the tank –
especially any form of hydrocarbon such as diesel
fuel, fuel system additives, gasoline, or any other
petroleum-based product. Even a very small amount
of these (less than 100 parts per million or less than 1
oz. per 78 gallons) will contaminate the entire DEF
system and will require replacement. If owners use a
container, funnel or nozzle when refilling the tank, it
should either be new or one that is has only been used
for adding DEF. MOPAR provides an attachable
nozzle with its DEF for this purpose.
3. Stop filling the DEF tank immediately when any of the
following happen: DEF stops flowing from the fill
bottle into the DEF fill inlet, DEF splashes out the fill
inlet, or a DEF pump nozzle automatically shuts off.
4. Reinstall cap onto DEF fill inlet.
(Continued)
4
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CONTENTS
䡵 ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 3.0L DIESEL . . . . .68
▫ Maintenance-Free Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
䡵 MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . .69
▫ Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
▫ Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
▫ Charge Air Cooler — Inter-Cooler . . . . . . . . . .88
▫ Engine Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
▫ Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
▫ Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter . . . . . . . .75 䡵 FLUID CAPACITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
▫ Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement . .78 䡵 FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE PARTS .91
▫ Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel . . .79
▫ Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
▫ Intervention Regeneration Strategy — Message
Process Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
▫ Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
5
68 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 3.0L DIESEL
1
2
3
4
5
—
—
—
—
—
Remote Jump Start Positive Terminal
Engine Oil Dipstick
Power Distribution Center (Fuses)
Coolant Pressure Cap (Reservoir)
Remote Jump Start Negative Terminal
6
7
8
9
— Engine Oil Fill
— Brake Fluid Reservoir
— Air Cleaner Filter
— Washer Fluid Reservoir
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 69
MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
CAUTION! (Continued)
The pages that follow contain the required maintenance
services determined by the engineers who designed your
vehicle.
Besides those maintenance items specified in the fixed
maintenance schedule, there are other components which
may require servicing or replacement in the future.
CAUTION!
• Failure to properly maintain your vehicle or perform repairs and service when necessary could
result in more costly repairs, damage to other
components or negatively impact vehicle performance. Immediately have potential malfunctions
examined by an authorized dealership or qualified
repair center.
(Continued)
• Your vehicle has been built with improved fluids
that protect the performance and durability of your
vehicle and also allow extended maintenance intervals. Do not use chemical flushes in these components as the chemicals can damage your engine,
transmission, power steering or air conditioning.
Such damage is not covered by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. If a flush is needed because of
component malfunction, use only the specified
fluid for the flushing procedure.
5
70 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Engine Oil
Engine Oil Selection
For best performance and maximum protection under all
types of operating conditions, the manufacturer recommends engine oils that meet the requirements of FCA
Material Standard MS-11106, and that are approved to
ACEA C3.
Checking Oil Level
To assure proper lubrication of your vehicle’s engine, the
engine oil must be maintained at the correct level. Check
the oil level at regular intervals. The best time to check
the oil level is before starting the engine after it has been
parked overnight. When checking oil after operating the
engine, first ensure the engine is at full operating temperature, then wait for five minutes after engine shutdown to check the oil.
1 — MAX Mark
2 — MIN Mark
Checking the oil while the vehicle is on level ground will
improve the accuracy of the oil level readings. Add oil
only when the level on the dipstick is below the “MIN”
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 71
mark. The total capacity from the MIN mark to the MAX Change Engine Oil
mark is 1.7 qts (1.6L).
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
maintenance intervals.
CAUTION!
Overfilling or underfilling the crankcase will cause
oil aeration or loss of oil pressure. This could damage
your engine.
NOTE: It is possible for your oil level to be slightly
higher than a previous check. This would be due to diesel
fuel that may temporarily be in the crankcase due to
operation of the diesel particulate filter regeneration
strategy. This fuel will evaporate out under normal
operation.
Engine Oil Viscosity (SAE Grade)
CAUTION!
Your vehicle is equipped with an advanced technology Diesel Engine and an emission device designed
to limit Diesel Particulate Emissions from being
released into the atmosphere. The durability of your
engine and life expectancy of this diesel particulate
filter emission device is highly dependent on the use
of the correct engine oil.
Never operate the engine with oil level below the “MIN” Only use ACEA C3 SAE 5W-30 Synthetic Low Ash engine
mark or above the upper “MAX” mark.
oil meeting FCA Material Standard MS-11106 or Pennzoil
Ultra Euro L full synthetic 5W-30 motor oil, which is
5
72 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
recommended for all operating temperatures. This en- indiscriminately discarded, can present a problem to the
gine oil improves low temperature starting and vehicle environment. Contact your authorized dealer, service
station or governmental agency for advice on how and
fuel economy.
where used oil and oil filters can be safely discarded in
Materials Added To Engine Oil
your area.
The manufacturer strongly recommends against the adEngine Air Cleaner Filter
dition of any additives (other than leak detection dyes) to
the engine oil. Engine oil is an engineered product and its Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
performance may be impaired by supplemental addi- maintenance intervals.
tives.
Engine Oil Filter
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, And Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information. The
engine oil filter should be changed at every engine oil
change.
Disposing Of Used Engine Oil And Oil Filters
Care should be taken in disposing of used engine oil and
oil filters from your vehicle. Used oil and oil filters,
CAUTION!
All air entering the engine intake must be filtered.
The abrasive particles in unfiltered air will cause
rapid wear to engine components.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 73
WARNING!
The air induction system (air cleaner, hoses, etc.)
provides a measure of protection. Do not remove the
air induction system (air cleaner, hoses, etc.) unless
such removal is necessary for repair or maintenance.
Make sure that no one is near the engine compartment before starting the vehicle with the air induction system (air cleaner, hoses, etc.) removed. Failure
to do so can result in serious personal injury.
CAUTION!
Many aftermarket performance air filter elements do
not adequately filter the air entering the engine. Use
of such filters can severely damage your engine.
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Selection
The quality of replacement engine air cleaner filters
varies considerably. Only high quality filters should be
used to assure most efficient service. MOPAR engine air
cleaner filters are a high quality filter and are recommended.
Diesel Engine Air Cleaner Filter Inspection and
Replacement
Inspect engine air cleaner filter for dirt and or debris, if
you find evidence of either dirt or debris you should
change your air cleaner filter.
5
74 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Removal
2. Lift the air cleaner cover to access the air cleaner filter.
1. Release the spring clips from the air cleaner cover.
Air Cleaner Filter Cover
1 — Spring Clips
2 — Air Cleaner Filter Cover
Open Air Cleaner Filter Assembly
1 — Air Cleaner Filter
2 — Air Cleaner Cover
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 75
3. Remove the air cleaner filter element from the housing Engine Air Cleaner Filter Installation
assembly.
NOTE: Inspect and clean the housing if dirt or debris is
present before replacing the air filter element.
1. Install the air cleaner filter element into the housing
assembly with the air cleaner filter inspection surface
facing downward.
2. Install the air cleaner cover onto the housing assembly
locating tabs.
3. Latch the spring clips and lock the air cleaner cover to
the housing assembly.
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter
Air Cleaner Filter
1 — Air Cleaner Filter Inspection Surface
2 — Air Cleaner Filter
The fuel filter/water separator housing is located on the
left side of the vehicle in front of the fuel tank. The best
access to this water drain valve is from under the vehicle.
5
76 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
• Do not drain the fuel/water separator filters when
the engine is running.
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filters into an appropriate container.
If water is detected in the water separator while the
engine is running, or while the ignition switch is in the
ON position, the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will
illuminate and an audible chime will be heard. At this
point you should stop the engine and drain the water
from the filter housing.
Fuel Filter Assembly
1 — Fuel Filter Access
2 — Water in Fuel Drain
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 77
NOTE: Care should be taken in disposing of used fluids
from your vehicle. Used fluids, indiscriminately disIf the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO carded, can present a problem to the environment. ConNOT START the engine before you drain water from tact an authorized dealer, service station, or government
agency for advice on recycling programs and for where
the fuel filters to avoid engine damage.
used fluids and filters can be properly disposed of in
If the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” comes on and a your area.
single chime are heard while you are driving, or with the
ignition in the ON position, there may be a problem with Drain the fuel/Water separator filters when the ⬙Water In
your water separator wiring or sensor. See your autho- Fuel Indicator Light⬙ is ON. Within 10 minutes of vehicle
shutdown, turn the filter drain valve (located on the
rized dealer for service.
bottom of the filter housing) counterclockwise to drain
Upon proper draining of the water from fuel filter fuel/water; allow the accumulated water to drain. Leave
assembly, the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will remain the drain valve open until all water and contaminants
illuminated for approximately 10 seconds. If the water have been removed. When clear fuel is visible, close the
was drained while the engine was running, the “Water In drain valve by turning it clockwise.
Fuel Indicator Light” may remain on for approximately
If more than two ounces or 60 milliliters of fuel have been
three minutes.
drained, follow the directions for “Priming If The Engine
Has Run Out Of Fuel.”
CAUTION!
5
78 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement
NOTE: Using a fuel filter that does not meet the manufacturer’s filtration and water separating requirements
can severely impact fuel system life and reliability.
CAUTION!
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filter into an appropriate container.
• Do not prefill the fuel filter when installing a new
fuel filter. There is a possibility debris could be
introduced into the fuel filter during this action. It
is best to install the filter dry and allow the in-tank
lift pump to prime the fuel system.
Fuel Filter Assembly
1 — Fuel Filter Access
2 — Water in Fuel Drain
1. Ensure engine is turned off.
2. Place drain pan under the fuel filter assembly.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 79
3. Open the water drain valve, and let any accumulated Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel
water drain.
4. Close the water drain valve.
5. Wipe clean the underside of the filter housing to
prevent contamination from entering fuel system during service.
WARNING!
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
injury or death.
6. Remove using a socket. Rotate counterclockwise for
1. Add a substantial amount of fuel to the tank, approxiremoval.
mately 2 to 5 gal (8L to 19L).
7. Remove the used filter cartridge from the housing and
2. Press ignition switch twice without your foot on brake
dispose of according to your local regulations.
to put vehicle in Run position. This will activate the in
8. Wipe clean the sealing surfaces of the lid and housing.
tank fuel pump for approximately 30 seconds. Repeat
this process twice.
9. Lubricate o-ring on new filter with clean engine oil.
10. Repeat steps 5 through 8 to service second filter in 3. Start the engine using the “Normal Starting” procedure. Refer to “Starting Procedures” in “Starting and
fuel filter assembly.
Operating” for further information.
5
80 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
CAUTION!
The starter motor will engage for approximately 30
seconds at a time. Allow two minutes between cranking intervals.
Due to lack of lubricants in alcohol or gasoline, the
use of these fuels can cause damage to the fuel
system.
NOTE: The engine may run rough until the air is forced NOTE:
from all the fuel lines.
• Use of biodiesel mixture in excess of 20% can negatively impact the fuel filter’s ability to separate water
WARNING!
from the fuel, resulting in high pressure fuel system
corrosion or damage.
Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending
agent. They can be unstable under certain conditions • In addition, commercially available fuel additives are
and be hazardous or explosive when mixed with
not necessary for the proper operation of your diesel
diesel fuel.
engine.
• For extreme cold conditions, ⬙Mopar Premium Diesel
Fuel Treatment⬙ is recommended to assist with cold
starting.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 81
Intervention Regeneration Strategy — Message
Process Flow
WARNING!
This engine meets all required diesel engine emissions A hot exhaust system can start a fire if you park over
standards. To achieve these emissions standards, your materials that can burn. Such materials might be
vehicle is equipped with a state-of-the-art engine and grass or leaves coming into contact with your exhaust
exhaust system. These systems are seamlessly integrated system. Do not park or operate your vehicle in areas
into your vehicle and managed by the Powertrain Con- where your exhaust system can contact anything that
trol Module (PCM). The PCM manages engine combus- can burn.
tion to allow the exhaust system’s catalyst to trap and
Maintenance-Free Batteries
burn Particulate Matter (PM) pollutants, with no input or
Your vehicle is equipped with a maintenance-free battery.
interaction on your part.
The top of the maintenance-free battery is permanently
Additionally, your vehicle has the ability to alert you to
sealed. You will never have to add water, nor is periodic
additional maintenance required on your vehicle or enmaintenance required.
gine.
Refer to “Driver Information Display (DID)” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
5
82 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
It is essential when replacing the cables on the
battery that the positive cable is attached to the
positive post and the negative cable is attached to the
negative post. Battery posts are marked (+) positive
and negative (-) and are identified on the battery
case. Also, if a “fast charger” is used while the battery
is in vehicle, disconnect both vehicle battery cables
before connecting the charger to the battery. Do not
use a “fast charger” to provide starting voltage.
WARNING!
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Always wash hands
after handling the battery.
Cooling System
WARNING!
You or others can be badly burned by hot engine
coolant (antifreeze) or steam from your radiator. If
you see or hear steam coming from under the hood,
do not open the hood until the radiator has had time
to cool. Never try to open a cooling system pressure
cap when the radiator is hot.
Engine Coolant Checks
Check the engine coolant (antifreeze) protection every 12
months (before the onset of freezing weather, where
applicable). If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or
rusty in appearance, the system should be drained,
flushed and refilled with fresh coolant. Check the front of
the A/C condenser (if equipped) or radiator for any
accumulation of bugs, leaves, etc. If dirty, clean by gently
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 83
spraying water from a garden hose vertically down the Cooling System — Drain Flush And Refill
face of the A/C condenser (if equipped) or the back of the If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or contains a
radiator core.
considerable amount of sediment, clean and flush with a
Check the engine cooling system hoses for brittle rubber, reliable cooling system cleaner. Follow with a thorough
cracking, tears, cuts and tightness of the connection at the rinsing to remove all deposits and chemicals. Properly
coolant recovery bottle and radiator. Inspect the entire dispose of old engine coolant (antifreeze).
system for leaks.
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper
With the engine at normal operating temperature (but
not running), check the cooling system pressure cap for
proper vacuum sealing by draining a small amount of
engine coolant (antifreeze) from the radiator drain cock.
The radiator drain cock is located in the lower radiator
tank. If the cap is sealing properly, the engine coolant
(antifreeze) will begin to drain from the coolant expansion bottle. DO NOT REMOVE THE COOLANT PRESSURE CAP WHEN THE COOLING SYSTEM IS HOT.
maintenance intervals.
Selection Of Coolant
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, And Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
5
84 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
CAUTION! (Continued)
• Mixing of engine coolant (antifreeze) other than
specified Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze), may result in engine
damage and may decrease corrosion protection.
Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant is different and should not be mixed with
Hybrid Organic Additive Technology (HOAT) engine coolant (antifreeze) or any “globally compatible” coolant (antifreeze). If a non-OAT engine
coolant (antifreeze) is introduced into the cooling
system in an emergency, the cooling system will
need to be drained, flushed, and refilled with fresh
OAT coolant (conforming to MS.90032), by an authorized dealer as soon as possible.
• Do not use water alone or alcohol-based engine
coolant (antifreeze) products. Do not use additional
rust inhibitors or antirust products, as they may not
be compatible with the engine coolant and may
plug the radiator.
• This vehicle has not been designed for use with
propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze).
Use of propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is not recommended.
(Continued)
Adding Coolant
Your vehicle has been built with an improved engine
coolant (OAT coolant conforming to MS.90032) that allows extended maintenance intervals. This engine coolant (antifreeze) can be used up to ten years or 150,000
miles (240,000 km) before replacement. To prevent reducing this extended maintenance period, it is important that
you use the same engine coolant (OAT coolant conforming to MS.90032) throughout the life of your vehicle.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 85
Please review these recommendations for using Organic
Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze)
that meets the requirements of FCA Material Standard
MS.90032. When adding engine coolant (antifreeze):
(antifreeze) solution. The use of lower quality water
will reduce the amount of corrosion protection in the
engine cooling system.
NOTE:
• We recommend using MOPAR Antifreeze/Coolant 10
• It is the owner’s responsibility to maintain the proper
Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT (Organic Additive
level of protection against freezing according to the
Technology) that meets the requirements of FCA Matemperatures occurring in the area where the vehicle is
terial Standard MS.90032.
operated.
• Mix a minimum solution of 50% OAT engine coolant
• Some vehicles require special tools to add coolant
that meets the requirements of FCA Material Standard
properly. Failure to fill these systems properly could
MS.90032 and distilled water. Use higher concentralead to severe internal engine damage. If any coolant is
tions (not to exceed 70%) if temperatures below −34°F
needed to be added to the system, please contact your
(−37°C) are anticipated. Please contact your authorized
local authorized dealer.
dealer for assistance.
• Mixing engine coolant (antifreeze) types is not recom• Use only high purity water such as distilled or deionmended and can result in cooling system damage. If
ized water when mixing the water/engine coolant
HOAT and OAT coolant are mixed in an emergency,
5
86 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
have a authorized dealer drain, flush, and refill with
OAT coolant (conforming to MS.90032) as soon as
possible.
Cooling System Pressure Cap
The cap must be fully tightened to prevent loss of engine
coolant (antifreeze), and to ensure that the engine coolant
(antifreeze) will return to the radiator from the coolant
expansion bottle.
WARNING! (Continued)
build up in the cooling system. To prevent scalding
or injury, do not remove the pressure cap while the
system is hot or under pressure.
• Do not use a pressure cap other than the one
specified for your vehicle. Personal injury or engine damage may result.
Disposal Of Used Engine Coolant
The cap should be inspected and cleaned if there is any
Used ethylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is
accumulation of foreign material on the sealing surfaces.
a regulated substance requiring proper disposal. Check
with your local authorities to determine the disposal
WARNING!
rules for your community. To prevent ingestion by ani• Do not open hot engine cooling system. Never add mals or children, do not store ethylene glycol-based
engine coolant (antifreeze) when the engine is engine coolant (antifreeze) in open containers or allow it
overheated. Do not loosen or remove the cap to cool to remain in puddles on the ground. If ingested by a child
an overheated engine. Heat causes pressure to or pet, seek emergency assistance immediately. Clean up
any ground spills immediately.
(Continued)
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 87
• If frequent engine coolant (antifreeze) additions are
required, the cooling system should be pressure tested
NOTE: When the vehicle is stopped after a few miles/
for leaks.
kilometers of operation, you may observe vapor coming
from the front of the engine compartment. This is nor- • Maintain engine coolant (antifreeze) concentration at a
minimum of 50% OAT coolant (conforming to
mally a result of moisture from rain, snow, or high
MS.90032) and distilled water for proper corrosion
humidity accumulating on the radiator and being vaporprotection of your engine which contains aluminum
ized when the thermostat opens, allowing hot engine
components.
coolant (antifreeze) to enter the radiator.
Points To Remember
If an examination of your engine compartment shows no • Make sure that the coolant expansion bottle overflow
hoses are not kinked or obstructed.
evidence of radiator or hose leaks, the vehicle may be
safely driven. The vapor will soon dissipate.
• Keep the front of the radiator clean. If your vehicle is
equipped with air conditioning, keep the front of the
• Do not overfill the coolant expansion bottle.
condenser clean.
• Check the coolant freeze point in the radiator and in
the coolant expansion bottle. If engine coolant (anti- • Do not change the thermostat for Summer or Winter
freeze) needs to be added, the contents of the coolant
operation. If replacement is ever necessary, install
expansion bottle must also be protected against freezONLY the correct type thermostat. Other designs may
ing.
5
88 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
result in unsatisfactory engine coolant (antifreeze) hoses leading to and from the charge air cooler for cracks
performance, poor gas mileage, and increased emis- or loose clamps resulting in loss of pressure and reduced
engine performance.
sions.
Charge Air Cooler — Inter-Cooler
Brake System
The charge air cooler is positioned in front of the radiator
and the air conditioner condenser. Air enters the engine
through the air cleaner and passes through the turbocharger, where it is pressurized. This pressurized air
rapidly reaches high temperature. The air is then directed
through a hose to the charge air cooler and through
another hose to the intake manifold of the engine. This
cooling process enables more efficient burning of fuel
resulting in fewer emissions.
Brake Master Cylinder — Brake Fluid Level Check
The fluid level of the master cylinder should be checked
when performing under the hood service, or immediately if the “Brake System Warning Light” indicates
system failure.
The brake master cylinder has a translucent plastic
reservoir. On the outboard side of the reservoir, there is a
“MAX” mark and a “MIN” mark. The fluid level must be
kept within these two marks. Do not add fluid above the
To guarantee optimum performance of the system, keep
full mark because leakage may occur at the cap.
the surfaces of the charge air cooler, condenser and
radiator clean and free of debris. Periodically check the
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 89
With disc brakes, the fluid level can be expected to fall as
the brake linings wear. However, an unexpected drop in
fluid level may be caused by a leak and a system check
should be conducted.
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, And Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
WARNING!
• Use only manufacturer’s recommended brake
fluid. Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine
Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information. Using the wrong type of brake fluid
can severely damage your brake system and/or
impair its performance. The proper type of brake
fluid for your vehicle is also identified on the
original factory installed hydraulic master cylinder
reservoir.
(Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• To avoid contamination from foreign matter or
moisture, use only new brake fluid or fluid that has
been in a tightly closed container. Keep the master
cylinder reservoir cap secured at all times. Brake
fluid in a open container absorbs moisture from the
air resulting in a lower boiling point. This may
cause it to boil unexpectedly during hard or prolonged braking, resulting in sudden brake failure.
This could result in a accident.
• Overfilling the brake fluid reservoir can result in
spilling brake fluid on hot engine parts, causing
the brake fluid to catch fire. Brake fluid can also
damage painted and vinyl surfaces, care should be
taken to avoid its contact with these surfaces.
• Do not allow petroleum based fluid to contaminate
the brake fluid. Brake seal components could be
damaged, causing partial or complete brake failure.
This could result in an accident.
5
90 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
FLUID CAPACITIES
Fuel (Approximate)
3.0L Diesel Engine
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Tank
Engine Oil With Filter
3.0 Liter Diesel Engine (SAE 5W-30
Synthetic, ACEA C3 Certified Low
Ash)
Cooling System
3.0L Turbo Diesel Engine (MOPAR
Engine Coolant/Antifreeze 10
Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT
(Organic Additive Technology))
U.S.
Metric
24.6 Gallons
8 Gallons
93.1 Liters
30.3 Liters
8 Quarts
7.7 Liters
12 Quarts
11.4 Liters
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 91
FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE PARTS
Engine
Component
Engine Coolant
Engine Oil
Engine Oil Filter
Fuel Filters
Fuel Selection
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
We recommend you use MOPAR Antifreeze/Coolant 10 Year/150,000 Mile
Formula OAT (Organic Additive Technology).
Only use ACEA C3 5W-30 Synthetic Low Ash engine oil meeting FCA
Material Standard MS-11106 or Pennzoil Ultra Euro L full synthetic 5W-30
motor oil.
We recommend you use MOPAR Engine Oil Filters.
We recommend you use MOPAR Fuel Filter. Must meet 3 micron rating.
Using a fuel filter that does not meet the manufacturers filtration and
water separating requirements can severely impact fuel system life and
reliability.
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in your vehicle.
Federal law requires that you must fuel this vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur
Highway Diesel fuel (15 ppm Sulfur maximum) and prohibits the use of
5
92 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Component
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum) to avoid
damage to the emissions control system. For most year-round service, No.
2 diesel fuel meeting ASTM specification D-975 Grade S15 will provide
good performance. We recommend you use a blend of up to 5% biodiesel,
meeting ASTM specification D-975 with your diesel engine.This vehicle is
compatible with biodiesel blends greater than 5% but no greater than
20% biodiesel meeting ASTM specification D-7467 provided the shortened maintenance intervals are followed as directed.
MOPAR Diesel Exhaust Fluid (API Certified) (DEF) or equivalent that has
been API Certified to the ISO 22241 standard. Use of fluids not API Certified
to ISO 22241 may result in system damage.
NOTE: If the vehicle is exposed to extreme cold (below
20°F or -7°C), or is required to operate at colder-thannormal conditions for prolonged periods, use climatized
No. 2 diesel fuel or dilute the No. 2 diesel fuel with 50%
No. 1 diesel fuel. This will provide better protection from
fuel gelling or wax-plugging of the fuel filters.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 93
Chassis
Component
Automatic Transmission
Transfer Case – Single-Speed (Quadra-Trac I)
Transfer Case – Two-Speed (Quadra-Trac II)
Axle Differential (Front)
Axle Differential (Rear) – With Electronic Limited-Slip
Differential (ELSD)
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
Use only Mopar ZF 8&9 Speed ATF Automatic Transmission Fluid, or equivalent. Failure to use the correct
fluid may affect the function or performance of your
transmission.
We recommend you use Shell Automatic Transmission
Fluid 3353.
We recommend you use MOPAR ATF+4 Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
We recommend you use MOPAR GL-5 Synthetic Axle
Lubricant SAE 75W-85.
We recommend you use MOPAR GL-5 Synthetic Axle
Lubricant SAE 75W-85 with friction modifier additive.
5
94 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Component
Axle Differential (Rear) – Without Electronic LimitedSlip Differential (ELSD)
Brake Master Cylinder
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
We recommend you use MOPAR GL-5 Synthetic Axle
Lubricant SAE 75W-85.
We recommend you use MOPAR DOT 3 Brake Fluid,
SAE J1703 should be used. If DOT 3, SAE J1703 brake
fluid is not available, then DOT 4 is acceptable.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
CONTENTS
䡵 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
▫ Maintenance Chart — Diesel Fuel Up To B5
Biodiesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
▫ Additional Maintenance — B6 To B20
Biodiesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
6
96 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Your vehicle is equipped with an automatic oil change
indicator system. The oil change indicator system will
remind you that it is time to take your vehicle in for
scheduled maintenance.
Your authorized dealer will reset the oil change indicator
message after completing the scheduled oil change. If a
scheduled oil change is performed by someone other
than your authorized dealer, the message can be reset by
referring to the steps described under “Driver Information Display (DID)” in “Understanding Your Instrument
Panel” for further information.
Based on engine operation conditions, the oil change
indicator message will illuminate. This means that serNOTE: Under no circumstances should oil change intervice is required for your vehicle. Operating conditions
vals exceed 10,000 miles (16,000 km) or twelve months,
such as frequent short-trips, trailer tow, extremely hot or
whichever comes first.
cold ambient temperatures will influence when the “Oil
Change Required” message is displayed. Severe Operating Conditions can cause the change oil message to
illuminate as early as 3,500 miles (5,600 km) since last
reset. Have your vehicle serviced as soon as possible,
within the next 500 miles (805 km).
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 97
Engine Oil Filter Replacement
Once A Month Or Before A Long Trip:
Residual oil in the housing may spill from the housing
when the new filter is installed if the residual oil is not
either removed from the housing or enough time has not
elapsed to allow the oil to drain back into the engine.
When servicing the oil filter on this engine, carefully
remove the filter and use a suction gun to remove any
residual oil left in the housing or wait about 30 minutes
for the oil to drain back into the engine.
• Check engine oil level
• Check windshield washer fluid level
• Check the tire inflation pressures and look for unusual
wear or damage
• Check the fluid levels of the coolant reservoir, brake
master cylinder, and fill as needed
• Check function of all interior and exterior lights
6
98 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Required Maintenance
Refer to the Maintenance Schedules on the following pages for required maintenance.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
At Every Oil Change Interval As Indicated By Oil Change Indicator System:
Change oil and filter.
Completely fill the Diesel Exhaust Fluid tank.
Drain water from fuel filter assembly.
Rotate the tires. Rotate at the first sign of irregular wear, even if it occurs before the oil indicator system
turns on.
Inspect battery and clean and tighten terminals as required.
Inspect brake pads, shoes, rotors, drums, hoses and park brake.
Inspect engine cooling system protection and hoses.
Inspect exhaust system.
Inspect engine air cleaner if using in dusty or off-road conditions.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 99
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
32,000
48,000
64,000
80,000
96,000
112,000
128,000
144,000
160,000
176,000
192,000
208,000
224,000
240,000
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
10,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes
first)
16,000
Maintenance Chart — Diesel Fuel Up To B5 Biodiesel
Or Years: 1
Or Kilometers:
Additional Inspections
Completely fill the Diesel Exhaust Fluid tank.
Inspect the CV joints.
Inspect front suspension, tie rod ends, and replace if necessary.
Inspect the front and rear axle fluid, change if
using your vehicle for police, taxi, fleet, off-road
or frequent trailer towing.
Inspect the brake linings, parking brake function.
Inspect transfer case fluid.
6
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
32,000
48,000
64,000
80,000
96,000
112,000
128,000
144,000
160,000
176,000
192,000
208,000
224,000
240,000
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
10,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes
first)
16,000
100 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Or Years: 1
Or Kilometers:
Additional Maintenance
Drain water from fuel filter assembly.
Replace fuel filters and drain water from the fuel
filter assembly.
Replace engine air filter.
Replace the air conditioning filter.
Flush and replace the engine coolant at 10 years
or 150,000 miles (240,000 km) whichever comes
first.
Replace accessory drive belt(s).
Change transfer case fluid.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 101
WARNING!
• You can be badly injured working on or around a
motor vehicle. Do only service work for which you
have the knowledge and the right equipment. If
you have any doubt about your ability to perform a
service job, take your vehicle to a competent mechanic.
• Failure to properly inspect and maintain your vehicle could result in a component malfunction and
effect vehicle handling and performance. This
could cause an accident.
Additional Maintenance — B6 To B20 Biodiesel
NOTE:
• Under no circumstances should oil change intervals
exceed 8,000 miles (12 875 km) or six months, whichever comes first when using Biodiesel blends greater
than 5% (B5).
• The owner is required to monitor mileage for B6-B20
biodiesel, the automatic oil change indicator system
does not reflect the use of biofuels.
6
102 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Additional B6 to B20 Maintenance
Replace fuel filters and drain water from the fuel
filter assembly.
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
48,000
64,000
80,000
96,000
112,000
128,000
144,000
160,000
176,000
192,000
208,000
224,000
240,000
16,000
Or Years: 1
Or Kilometers:
32,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes
first)
10,000
Additional Maintenance Chart — B6 to B20 Biodiesel
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 103
WARNING!
• You can be badly injured working on or around a
motor vehicle. Do only service work for which you
have the knowledge and the right equipment. If
you have any doubt about your ability to perform a
service job, take your vehicle to a competent mechanic.
• Failure to properly inspect and maintain your vehicle could result in a component malfunction and
effect vehicle handling and performance. This
could cause an accident.
6
INDEX
7
106 INDEX
Adding Engine Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . .
Adding Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Cleaner, Engine (Engine Air Cleaner Filter)
Air Conditioning Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant). . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Transmission
Fluid Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Axle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Battery . . . . . . . .
Brake Fluid . . . . .
Brake System . . . .
Fluid Check . . .
Master Cylinder
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.84
.59
.72
.73
.83
.90
.86
. . . . .93
. . . . .93
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.81
.93
.88
.88
.88
Caps, Filler
Oil (Engine) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Radiator (Coolant Pressure) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Charge Air Cooler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Coolant Pressure Cap (Radiator Cap) . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Adding Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84
Coolant Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Disposal Of Used Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Drain, Flush, And Refill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Points To Remember . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Radiator Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Selection Of Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . .83, 91
Diesel Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Capacities, Antifreeze (Engine Coolant). . . . . . . . . . .90 Diesel Fuel Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Bulk Storage Of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Capacities, Fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
INDEX 107
Oil Filler Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Diesel Fuel System, Re-Priming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Disposal
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 Filters
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
Driver Information Display
DID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18, 21
Engine Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72, 91
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Engine Oil Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Instrument Cluster Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18, 21
Fluid, Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Fluid Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72 Fluid Level Checks
Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32, 40
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Break-In Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Fluids, Lubricants And Genuine Parts. . . . . . . . . . . .91
Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41, 91
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70, 91
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
7
108 INDEX
Tank Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Fueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
New Vehicle Break-In Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Oil, Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21, 70, 91
Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Change Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Dipstick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72, 91
Hitches
Filter Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Materials Added To . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Recommendation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Viscosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Intervention Regeneration Strategy . . . . . . . . . . .23, 81
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Maintenance Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Maintenance Schedule. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96 Radiator Cap (Coolant Pressure Cap). . . . . . . . . .83, 86
Remote Starting System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Manual Transmission
Lubricant Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Gauges
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Gross Axle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
INDEX 109
Schedule, Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Selection Of Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Engine Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32, 40
Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Starting Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Starting Procedures (Diesel Engines). . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Tires
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . .
Tongue Weight/Trailer Weight .
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cooling System Tips . . . . . .
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minimum Requirements . . .
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Trailer And Tongue Weight
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer Towing Guide . . . . . .
Trailer Weight . . . . . . . . . . .
Transfer Case
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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.50
.54
.50
.50
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Viscosity, Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
.53 Voltmeter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
.50
.46 Water Separator, Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
.50
.50
.46
.57
.49
.51
7
INSTALLATION OF RADIO TRANSMITTING
EQUIPMENT
Special design considerations are incorporated into this
vehicle’s electronic system to provide immunity to radio
frequency signals. Mobile two-way radios and telephone
equipment must be installed properly by trained personnel. The following must be observed during installation.
The positive power connection should be made directly
to the battery and fused as close to the battery as possible.
The negative power connection should be made to body
sheet metal adjacent to the negative battery connection.
This connection should not be fused.
Antennas for two-way radios should be mounted on the
roof or the rear area of the vehicle. Care should be used
in mounting antennas with magnet bases. Magnets may
affect the accuracy or operation of the compass on
vehicles so equipped.
The antenna cable should be as short as practical and
routed away from the vehicle wiring when possible. Use
only fully shielded coaxial cable.
Carefully match the antenna and cable to the radio to
ensure a low Standing Wave Ratio (SWR).
Mobile radio equipment with output power greater than
normal may require special precautions.
All installations should be checked for possible interference between the communications equipment and the
vehicle’s electronic systems.
2016 Grand Cherokee
STICK WITH THE SPECIALISTS®
2016
16WK741-226-AA
©2015 FCA US LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Jeep is a registered trademark of FCA US LLC.
OWNER’S MANUAL
Second Edition
Printed in U.S.A.
Grand Cherokee
SUPPLEMENT
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