SPECTRE User`s Manual - Advantech B+B SmartWorx

SPECTRE User`s Manual - Advantech B+B SmartWorx
Cellular and Wired Routers
SPECTRE LTE, 3G, RT
USER’S MANUAL
HEADQUARTERS
International Headquarters
B&B Electronics Mfg. Co. Inc.
707 Dayton Road
Ottawa, IL 61350 USA
Phone (815) 433-5100 – General Fax (815) 433-5105
Websites
www.bb-elec.com
bb-smartsensing.com
[email protected]
European Headquarters
B&B Electronics
Westlink Commercial Park
Oranmore, Co. Galway, Ireland
Phone +353 91-792444 – Fax +353 91-792445
Websites
www.bb-europe.com
[email protected]
Document: SPECTRE_User_Manual
issued on June 25, 2015 in CZ, Conel s.r.o., Sokolska 71, 562 04 Usti nad Orlici, Czech
Republic
c 2015 B&B Electronics Mfg. Co. Inc. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any
form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photography, recording, or any information storage and
retrieval system without written consent. Information in this manual is subject to change without notice, and does
not represent a commitment on the part of B&B Electronics Mfg. Co. Inc.
B&B Electronics Mfg. Co. Inc. shall not be liable for incidental or consequential damages resulting from the
furnishing, performance, or use of this manual.
All brand names used in this manual are the registered trademarks of their respective owners. The use of trademarks or other designations in this publication is for reference purposes only and does not constitute an endorsement by the trademark holder.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device complies with Industry Canada license-exempt RSS standard(s). Operation is subject to the following
2 conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.
i
CONTENTS
Contents
1 About
1
2 Safety Instruction
2
2.1 Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 Product Disposal Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 Router Description
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples of Possible Applications
Contents of Package . . . . . . . .
Model Numbers . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
3
4
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4 Mounting Recommendations
4
4
5
5
8
9
5 User Interfaces
12
5.1 Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2 Status Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.1 Expansion Port Status Indicators .
Ethernet Ports . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-232 Ports . . . . . . . . . . . .
I/O Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-485/422 Ports . . . . . . . . .
Wi-Fi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SmartMesh IP . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3 Power Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4 Antenna Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5 SIM Card Reader . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.6 Ethernet Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7 Port 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8 Port 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9 USB Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.10 I/O Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.11 Expansion Ports Information . . . . . . . .
5.11.1 RS-232 Ports . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.11.2 RS-485/422 Ports . . . . . . . . .
Connector Pinout in RS-485 mode
Connector Pinout in RS-422 mode
5.11.3 12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO) Port . . . .
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12
13
14
14
15
15
15
15
15
16
17
18
18
19
19
20
20
22
22
23
24
25
27
CONTENTS
Analog Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Binary Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Counter Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Binary Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting the Binary Input Current . . . . . . . . .
Input/Output Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MODBUS ASCII Configuration and Address Space
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27
27
27
27
28
28
29
6 Reset or Reboot
36
7 First Use
37
7.1 Starting the Router . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2 Configuring the Router . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration over Web browser
Configuration over Telnet or SSH
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38
38
38
39
8 Technical Parameters
40
9 Troubleshooting
45
9.1 FAQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10 Customer Support
45
46
iii
LIST OF FIGURES
List of Figures
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
Contents of Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic dimensions, metal box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Space around antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Space in front of connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIN rail clip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the router from the DIN rail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECTRE LTE front panel example, model RTLTE-304 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECTRE 3G front panel example, model RT3G-340-W . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECTRE RT front panel example, model ERT311 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection of power supply connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection of power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ejected SIM card holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet cable connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
USB connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I/O connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection of binary input and output of router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-232 port connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Meter connection to router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jumper position for external power supply (left) and internal power supply (right)
Jumper position for RS-485 (left) and for RS-422 (right) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-485/422 connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-485: Connection to the router with data cable length less than 10 m . . . .
RS-485: Connection to the router with data cable length more than 10 m . . . .
RS-485/422 connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-422: Connection to the router with data cable length less than 10 m . . . .
RS-422: Connection to the router with data cable length more than 10 m . . . .
Threshold select using jumper on the board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12-bit I/O (CNT) connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typical connection of the 12-bit I/O port circuitry: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Router reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the router before the first use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing the router Web interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Router Web interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iv
5
8
9
10
10
11
11
12
13
13
16
16
16
17
18
19
19
20
20
21
22
22
23
23
24
24
25
25
26
26
28
28
29
36
37
38
39
LIST OF TABLES
List of Tables
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Expansion port possibilities . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECTRE LTE model numbers for Verizon . . .
SPECTRE LTE model numbers for AT&T . . . .
SPECTRE 3G model numbers . . . . . . . . . .
SPECTRE RT Ethernet Router . . . . . . . . . .
Front panel description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Router status indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet LED status indication . . . . . . . . . .
RS-232 LED status indication . . . . . . . . . . .
I/O Port LED status indication . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-232 LED status indication . . . . . . . . . . .
Wi-Fi LED status indication . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wi-Fi LED status indication . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection of power connector . . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection of USB connector . . . . . . . . . . .
I/O port connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connection of RS-232 connector . . . . . . . . .
Connector pinout in RS-485 mode . . . . . . . .
Connector pinout in RS-422 mode . . . . . . . .
12-bit Input/Output connector pinout . . . . . . .
MODBUS input/output address space . . . . . .
Ways to reset or restart the router . . . . . . . . .
General specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPECTRE LTE AT cellular module specifications
SPECTRE LTE VZ cellular module specifications
SPECTRE 3G cellular module specifications . .
Processor specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I/O port specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wi-Fi Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SmartMesh IP 802.15.4e Radio Specifications .
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5
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12
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35
36
40
41
42
42
42
42
43
44
1. ABOUT
1. About
Used Symbols
Danger – important notice, which may have an influence on the user’s safety or the function
of the device.
Attention – notice on possible problems, which can arise in specific cases.
Information, notice – information, which contains useful advice or special interest.
GPL License
Source codes under GPL license are available free of charge by sending an email to:
[email protected]
Router Version
The properties and settings associated with the cellular network connection are not available
in noncellular SPECTRE RT routers.
PPPoE configuration is only available on SPECTRE RT routers. It is used to set the PPPoE
connection over Ethernet.
Declared Quality System
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
1
2. SAFETY INSTRUCTION
2. Safety Instruction
2.1
Compliance
PLEASE OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS:
THIS EQUIPMENT IS SUITABLE FOR USE IN CLASS I, DIVISION 2, GROUPS A, B, C, AND
D HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS, OR NON-HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS ONLY.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – DO NOT DISCONNECT EQUIPMENT UNLESS POWER
HAS BEEN REMOVED OR THE AREA IS KNOWN TO BE NON-HAZARDOUS.
WARNING – EXPLOSION HAZARD – SUBSTITUTION OF ANY COMPONENTS MAY IMPAIR SUITABILITY FOR CLASS I, DIVISION 2.
CET ÉQUIPEMENT EST CONVENABLE EN CLASSE 1, DIVISION 2, GROUPES A, B, C, ET
D ENDROITS DANGEREUX OU ENDROITS NON DANGEREUX SEULEMENT.
AVIS – RISQUE D’EXPLOSION – NE DÉCONNECTEZ PAS L’ÉQUIPEMENT, SAUF SI L’ALIMENTATION A ÉTÉ COUPÉE OU SI L’ENVIRONMEMENT EST CLASSÉ NON DANGEREUX.
AVIS – RISQUE D’EXPLOSION - SUBSTITUTION DE TOUTE COMPOSANTE RISQUERAIT
LA QUALITÉ POUR CLASSE 1, DIVISION 2.
These devices are open-type devices that are to be installed in an enclosure suitable for the
environment.
The router must be used in compliance with all applicable international and national laws
and in compliance with any special restrictions regulating the use of the router in prescribed
applications and environments.
To prevent possible injury and damage to appliances and to ensure compliance with all relevant provisions, use only the original accessories. Unauthorized modifications or the use of
unapproved accessories may result in damage to the router and a breach of applicable regulations. Unauthorized modifications or use of unapproved accessories may void the warranty.
Turn off the router and disconnect it from power supply before handling of the SIM card.
Caution! The SIM card could be swallowed by small children.
Input voltage must not exceed 30 V DC max.
Do not expose the router to extreme ambient conditions. Protect the router against dust,
moisture and high temperature.
The router should not be used in locations where flammable and explosive materials are
present, including gas stations, chemical plants, or locations in which explosives are used.
2
2. SAFETY INSTRUCTION
Switch off the router when travelling by plane. Use of the router in a plane may endanger the
operation of the plane or interfere with the mobile telephone network, and may be unlawful.
When using the router in the close proximity of personal medical devices, such as cardiac
pacemakers or hearing aids, proceed with heightened caution.
The router may cause interference when in the close proximity of tv sets, radio receivers or
personal computers.
It is recommended to create an appropriate copy or backup of all the important settings that
are stored in the memory of the device.
2.2
Product Disposal Instructions
The WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment: 2002/96/EC) directive has been
introduced to ensure that electrical/electronic products are recycled using the best available
recovery techniques to minimize the impact on the environment. This product contains high
quality materials and components which can be recycled. At the end of its life, this product
MUST NOT be mixed with other commercial waste for disposal. Check the terms and conditions of your supplier for disposal information.
3
3. ROUTER DESCRIPTION
3. Router Description
3.1
Description
The SPECTRE Cellular and Etherent industrial routers are used to wirelessly connect Ethernet equipment and other devices to the Internet or intranet. Thanks to the high data transfer
speed of up to 100 Mbit/s download (LTE models) and 50 Mbit/s upload (LTE models), it is an
ideal wireless solution for traffic and security camera systems, individual computers, LAN networks, automatic teller machines (ATM) and other self-service terminals. Datat transfer speed
of 3G models is up to 14.4 Mbit/s download and up to 5.76 Mbps upload on HSPA+ network.
The standard configuration includes one 10/100 Ethernet port, one USB Host port, one
binary Input/output (I/O) port and one SIM card holder (LTE models). 3G models include
second SIM card holder providing network redundancy. It also contains 2 expansion ports
for connecting to other types of networks such as RS-232, RS-485/422, Digital/Analog I/O, or
they can be configured to provide additional switched Ethernet ports. The function of each
port is dependent upon the specific router model.
Configuration of the router may be done via a password-protected Web interface. The
router supports the creation of VPN tunnels using IPsec, OpenVPN and L2TP to ensure safe
communication. The Web interface provides detailed statistics about the router’s activities,
signal strength, etc. The router supports DHCP, NAT, NAT-T, DynDNS, NTP, VRRP, control by
SMS, and many other functions.
The router provides diagnostic functions which include automatically monitoring the PPP
connection, automatic restart in case of connection losses, and a hardware watchdog that
monitors the router status. The user may insert Linux scripts to control various router functions and create up to four different configurations for the same router. These configuration
files can include different SMS functionality and binary input configurations. You may switch
between different configurations whenever necessary. The router can automatically upgrade
its configuration and firmware from your central server. This allows for mass reconfiguration
of numerous routers at the same time.
3.2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Examples of Possible Applications
Mobile office
Fleet management
Security system
Telematics
Telemetrics
Remote monitoring
Vending and dispatcher machines
4
3. ROUTER DESCRIPTION
3.3
Contents of Package
The basic router package includes:
• Router
• Power supply
• Crossover UTP cable
• External antennas
• Clips for the DIN rail
• Quick Start Guide
Figure 1: Contents of Package
3.4
Model Numbers
Standard Features on SPECTRE Routers: 10/100 Ethernet, USB Host Port, Binary I/O Port,
Dual SIM Card slots
Expansion Port Functions (Model Dependent):
The Ports Can Be Connected As Follows:
PORT 1
ETHERNET, SWITCH (together with PORT 2), RS-232, RS-485/422,
12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO)
PORT 2
SWITCH (together with PORT 1), RS-232, RS-485/422, Wi-Fi, SmartMesh IP
Table 1: Expansion port possibilities
5
3. ROUTER DESCRIPTION
SPECTRE LTE Wireless Routers (Verizon): Expansion Ports
Model No.
Port 1
Port 2
RTLTE-300-VZ
No connect
No connect
RTLTE-302-VZ
No connect
RS-232
RTLTE-304-VZ
No connect
RS-422/485
RTLTE-310-VZ
Ethernet
No connect
RTLTE-311-VZ
Ethernet (SWITCH)
Ethernet (SWITCH)
RTLTE-312-VZ
Ethernet
RS-232
RTLTE-314-VZ
Ethernet
RS-422/485
RTLTE-322-VZ
RS-232
RS-232
RTLTE-324-VZ
RS-232
RS-422/485
RTLTE-330-VZ
12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO)
No connect
RTLTE-300-W-VZ
No connect
Wi-Fi
RTLTE-310-W-VZ
Ethernet
Wi-Fi
RTLTE-320-W-VZ
RS-232
Wi-Fi
RTLTE-330-W-VZ
12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO)
Wi-Fi
RTLTE-340-W-VZ
RS-422/485
Wi-Fi
RTLTE-350-VZ
No connect
SmartMesh IP
RTLTE-351-VZ
Ethernet
SmartMesh IP
RTLTE-352-VZ
RS-232
SmartMesh IP
RTLTE-354-VZ
RS-422/485
SmartMesh IP
Table 2: SPECTRE LTE model numbers for Verizon
SPECTRE LTE Wireless Routers (AT&T): Expansion Ports
Model No.
Port 1
Port 2
RTLTE-300-AT
No connect
No connect
RTLTE-302-AT
No connect
RS-232
RTLTE-304-AT
No connect
RS-422/485
RTLTE-310-AT
Ethernet
No connect
RTLTE-311-AT
Ethernet (SWITCH)
Ethernet (SWITCH)
RTLTE-312-AT
Ethernet
RS-232
RTLTE-314-AT
Ethernet
RS-422/485
RTLTE-322-AT
RS-232
RS-232
RTLTE-324-AT
RS-232
RS-422/485
RTLTE-330-AT
12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO)
No connect
RTLTE-300-W-AT
No connect
Wi-Fi
RTLTE-310-W-AT
Ethernet
Wi-Fi
To be continued on the next page
6
3. ROUTER DESCRIPTION
Continued from the previous page
SPECTRE LTE Wireless Routers (AT&T): Expansion Ports
Model No.
Port 1
Port 2
RTLTE-320-W-AT
RS-232
Wi-Fi
RTLTE-330-W-AT
12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO)
Wi-Fi
RTLTE-340-W-AT
RS-422/485
Wi-Fi
RTLTE-350-AT
No connect
SmartMesh IP
RTLTE-351-AT
Ethernet
SmartMesh IP
RTLTE-352-AT
RS-232
SmartMesh IP
RTLTE-354-AT
RS-422/485
SmartMesh IP
Table 3: SPECTRE LTE model numbers for AT&T
SPECTRE 3G Wireless Routers: Expansion Ports
Model No.
Port 1
Port 2
RT3G-300
No connect
No connect
RT3G-302
No connect
RS-232
RT3G-304
No connect
RS-422/485
RT3G-310
Ethernet
No connect
RT3G-311
Ethernet (SWITCH)
Ethernet (SWITCH)
RT3G-312
Ethernet
RS-232
RT3G-314
Ethernet
RS-422/485
RT3G-322
RS-232
RS-232
RT3G-324
RS-232
RS-422/485
RT3G-330
12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO)
No connect
RT3G-300-W
No connect
Wi-Fi
RT3G-310-W
Ethernet
Wi-Fi
RT3G-320-W
RS-232
Wi-Fi
RT3G-330-W
12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO)
Wi-Fi
RT3G-340-W
RS-422/485
Wi-Fi
RT3G-350
No connect
SmartMesh IP
RT3G-351
Ethernet
SmartMesh IP
RT3G-352
RS-232
SmartMesh IP
RT3G-354
RS-422/485
SmartMesh IP
Table 4: SPECTRE 3G model numbers
7
3. ROUTER DESCRIPTION
SPECTRE RT Ethernet Routers: Expansion Ports
Model No.
Port 1
ERT310
Ethernet
ERT311
Ethernet (SWITCH)
ERT312
Ethernet
ERT314
Ethernet
ERT351
Etherent
Port 2
No connect
Ethernet (SWITCH)
RS-232
RS-422/485
SmartMeshIP
Table 5: SPECTRE RT Ethernet Router
3.5
Dimensions
Basic dimensions, metal box:
Figure 2: Basic dimensions, metal box
8
4. MOUNTING RECOMMENDATIONS
4. Mounting Recommendations
• The router may be placed on a work surface.
• Clips are included for mounting the router on a standard DIN rail.
The router may be installed in an industrial instrument panel.
For best performance, please consider the following guidelines:
• When using the supplied whip antennas, maintain a distance of 6 cm from cables and
metal surfaces on every side. When using an external antenna, unless in a switch-board,
it is necessary to fit a lightning conductor
• When mounting a router on sheet steel we recommend using an external antenna.
• If the router is installed in a metal instrument enclosure, an external antenna must be
used and it must be mounted outside of the metal enclosure.
Figure 3: Space around antenna
9
4. MOUNTING RECOMMENDATIONS
We recommend binding the cables together to avoid coupling noise onto the cables.
1. Length: The combination of power supply and data cables can be a maximum of 1.5
meters.
2. If the length of the data cables exceeds 1.5 meters or if the cable leads towards the
switch panel, we recommend installing overvoltage protectors (surge suppressors).
3. Do not bundle the data cables with 120/230V power cables.
4. All wiring to sensors should use shielded twisted pairs.
Figure 4: Cable routing
Leave enough space around the connectors for the handling of cables.
Figure 5: Space in front of connectors
10
4. MOUNTING RECOMMENDATIONS
We recommend using the switch panel’s earth-bonding distribution frame for grounding the
router’s power supply, data cables and antenna.
Removing from DIN rail
Figure 6: DIN rail clip
This is the default position of the DIN rail clip. To remove the router from the DIN rail, push
the router up slightly, so that the top part of the clip disengages, and then gently slide the
router off the DIN rail.
Figure 7: Removing the router from the DIN rail
11
5. USER INTERFACES
5. User Interfaces
5.1
Connectors
Front Panel
Label
PWR
ETH
PORT 1
PORT 2
ANT
DIV
GPS
AUX
WIFI
USB
I/O
SIM
SIM1
SIM2
Connector
2-pin
RJ45
RJ45
RJ45
SMA
SMA
SMA
SMA
RP-SMA
RP-SMA
USB-A Host
3-pin
-
Description
Power supply
Connection to the local computer network
RS-232/422/485, ETHERNET, or 12-bit I/O
RS-232/422/485 or ETHERNET
Main cellular antenna (LTE and 3G models only)
Diversity cellular antenna (LTE models only)
GPS antenna (LTE models only)
3G models (on the left): DIV/GPS
all models (on the right): SmartMesh IP antenna
Wi-Fi antenna (LTE and 3G models only)
USB connector
Binary input and output
SIM card holder (LTE models only)
SIM card holder (3G models only)
SIM card holder 2 (3G models only)
Table 6: Front panel description
Figure 8: SPECTRE LTE front panel example, model RTLTE-304
12
5. USER INTERFACES
Figure 9: SPECTRE 3G front panel example, model RT3G-340-W
Figure 10: SPECTRE RT front panel example, model ERT311
5.2
Status Indicators
Caption Color
PWR
Green
DAT
Red
State
Blinking
On
Fast blinking
Blinking
Description
Router is ready
Starting of the router
Updating firmware
Communication in progress on radio channel
To be continued on the next page
13
5. USER INTERFACES
Continued from the previous page
Caption Color
WAN
Yellow
USR
OUT
IN
ETH
Yellow
Green
Green
Green
ETH
Yellow
PORT
Green
PORT
Yellow
SIM
SIM1
SIM2
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
5.2.1
State
flashing
1x flash per sec.
2x flash per sec.
Description
PPP connection established.
Signal strength is from –50 dBm to –69 dBm.
Signal strength is from –70 dBm to –89 dBm or
the difference between neighboring cells is exactly 3 dBm.
3x flash per sec. Signal strength is from –90 dBm to –113 dBm
or difference the between neighboring cells is
smaller than 3 dBm.
Function selected by user
On
Binary output active
On
Binary input active
On
Selected 100 Mbit/s
Off
Selected 10 Mbit/s
On
The network cable is connected
Blinking
Data transmission
Off
The network cable is not connected
LED functions for different router configurations appear in the charts
below.
LED functions for different router configurations appear in the charts
below.
On
SIM card is active (LTE models only)
On
SIM card 1 is active (3G models only)
On
SIM card 2 is active (3G models only)
Table 7: Router status indication
Expansion Port Status Indicators
Ethernet Ports
LED Port Indicator
Green LED
Yellow LED
On: selected 100 Mbit/s
Off: selected 10 Mbit/s
On: the network cable is connected
Blinking: data transmission
Off: the network cable is not connected
Table 8: Ethernet LED status indication
14
5. USER INTERFACES
RS-232 Ports
LED Port Indicator
Green LED
Yellow LED
Blinks on Receive data
Blinks on Transmit data
Table 9: RS-232 LED status indication
I/O Ports
LED Port Indicator
Green LED
Yellow LED
Indicates binary input 0
Indicates binary input 1
Table 10: I/O Port LED status indication
RS-485/422 Ports
LED Port Indicator
Green LED
Yellow LED
Blinks on Receive data
Blinks on Transmit data
Table 11: RS-232 LED status indication
Wi-Fi
LED Port Indicator
Green LED
Yellow LED
Indicates Wi-Fi Power On
Always Off
Table 12: Wi-Fi LED status indication
SmartMesh IP
LED Port Indicator
Green LED
Yellow LED
Indicates SmartMesh IP Power On
Always Off
Table 13: Wi-Fi LED status indication
15
5. USER INTERFACES
5.3
Power Connector
2-Pin Panel Socket
Pin number
Signal mark
1
VCC (+)
2
GND (-)
Description
Positive input of DC supply voltage (+10 to +30 VDC)
Negative input of DC supply voltage
Table 14: Connection of power connector
Figure 11: Power connector
The router requires a +10 V to +30 V DC supply. Protection against reversed polarity is built
into the router.
The power consumption in receive mode is 2.3 W (LTE models) or 2.6 W (3G models). The
peak power consumption during data sending (or communication running on RT models) is
5.5 W. For correct operation, the power source must be able to supply a peak current of 1 A.
The power cable connects to the router via locking screws. (See figure below.)
Figure 12: Connection of power supply connector
Circuit Example:
Figure 13: Connection of power supply
16
5. USER INTERFACES
5.4
Antenna Connector
The two large cellular antennas are connected to the router using the standard SMA antenna connectors on the front panel. The main cellular antenna connection is labeled ANT.
The router cannot operate without a main antenna. The receive diversity antenna connection
is labeled DIV or AUX for 3G models). This antenna improves the receive sensitivity of the
router and should be used in areas with weak signal strength.
SPECTRE LTE: There are always connectors ANT and DIV for main and diversity cellular
antenna. The antenna connector in the middle is based on the model number: There is GPS
antenna connector as a standard, WIFI antenna connector (RP-SMA) for Wi-Fi models and
AUX connector (RP-SMA) for SmartMesh IP models.
SPECTRE 3G: There are always connectors AUX and DIV for main antenna and diversity/GPS
antenna (the GPS mode is chosen internally by activating the GPS User Module in the router).
There can be antenna connector in the middle based on the model number: WIFI antenna
connector (RP-SMA) for Wi-Fi models and another AUX connector (RP-SMA) for SmartMesh
IP models.
SPECTRE RT: There is not any antenna connector as a standard. Based on the model number there can be AUX connector (RP-SMA) for SmartMesh IP antenna.
The AUX connector on the Wi-Fi and SmartMesh IP units is a reverse-polarity SMA
connector and should only be used with the smaller Wi-Fi/SmartMesh IP antenna. Do
not attempt to connect the cellular antennas to this connector as it can damage the
connector and the antennas.
The router can not operate without main antenna ANT connected!
Connect the antenna’s SMA connector to the router’s SMA connector. (See figure below).
Figure 14: Connecting the antenna
17
5. USER INTERFACES
5.5
SIM Card Reader
The SIM card reader supports 3 V and 1.8 V Mini-SIM cards. It is located on the front panel
of the router. The router will not operate on UMTS or LTE networks unless an activated SIM
card with an unblocked PIN is in the reader. The SIM cards may use different access point
names (APN).
Changing the SIM card:
Disconnect the router from power supply before handling the SIM card!
Press the small button on the right hand side of the SIM reader slot to eject the SIM card
holder. Insert the SIM card into the holder and slide it in the reader. (See figure bellow.)
Figure 15: Ejected SIM card holder
5.6
Ethernet Port
Panel Socket RJ45
Pin Number
Signal mark
1
TXD+
2
TXD−
3
RXD+
4
—
5
—
6
RXD−
7
—
8
—
Description
Transmit Data – positive pole
Transmit Data – negative pole
Receive Data – positive pole
—
—
Receive Data – negative pole
—
—
Table 15: Ethernet connector
18
Data Flow Direction
Input/Output
Input/Output
Input/Output
Input/Output
5. USER INTERFACES
Figure 16: Ethernet connector
ATTENTION! The Ethernet port is not POE (Power over Ethernet) compatible!
Ethernet cable plugs into the RJ45 connector labeled as ETH. (See figure below.)
Figure 17: Ethernet cable connection
5.7
Port 1
Based on the model number (see chapter 3.4), the expansion PORT 1 may be configured for:
•
•
•
•
5.8
Ethernet (same as in chapter 5.6 but plug into PORT1)
SWITCH (together with PORT 2)
serial communications RS-232 (see chapter 5.11.1) and RS-485/422 (see chapter 5.11.2)
12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO), see chapter 5.11.3
Port 2
Based on the model number (see chapter 3.4), the expansion PORT 2 may be configured for:
•
•
•
•
SWITCH (together with PORT 1)
serial communications RS-232 (see chapter 5.11.1) and RS-485/422 (see chapter 5.11.2)
Wi-Fi (connector PORT2 used for indication only – see chapter 5.2.1)
SmartMeshIP (connector PORT2 used for indication only – see chapter 5.2.1)
Note: Wi-Fi and SmartMesh IP are wireless – RJ45 connector is used for indication only. (See
chapter 5.2.1.)
19
5. USER INTERFACES
5.9
USB Port
Panel Socket USB-A
Pin No.
Signal mark
1
+5 V
2
USB data –
3
USB data +
4
GND
Description
Positive pole of 5 V DC supply voltage
USB data signal – negative pole
USB data signal – positive pole
Negative pole of DC supply voltage
Data Flow Direction
Input/Output
Input/Output
Table 16: Connection of USB connector
Figure 18: USB connector
5.10
I/O Port
3-Pin Panel Socket
Pin No.
Signal mark
1
BIN0
2
GND
3
OUT0
Description
Binary input
Signal ground
Binary output
Data Flow Direction
Input
Output
Table 17: I/O port connection
Figure 19: I/O connector
The user interface I/O is for the processing of binary input signals and for control (settings) of
binary output signals. Binary output is not switched to ground in the default configuration.
The maximum load for the binary output is 30V / 100mA. The constant current supplied by the
binary input is 3 mA.
20
5. USER INTERFACES
Connect the cable’s I/O connector to the router’s I/O port and tighten locking screws.
Circuit example of a binary input or output connected to the router:
Figure 20: Connection of binary input and output of router
21
5. USER INTERFACES
5.11
Expansion Ports Information
5.11.1
RS-232 Ports
The RS-232 port is configured as a Data Communication Equipment (DCE). The interface
is connected to RJ45 connector PORT1 or PORT2 (based on the router model number). An
adapter cable can be used to convert RJ-45 connector to a standard DB9 serial connector.
The RS-232 port is protected against bus overload.
Figure 21: RS-232 port connector
Panel socket RJ45 (RS-232 – DCE – Data Communication Equipment)
Pin Signal
Description
1
RTS
Request To Send
2
CTS
Clear To Send
3
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
4
DSR
Data Set Ready – connect to +3 V through R 330 Ohm
5
GND
Signal ground
6
TXD
Transmit Data
7
CD
Carrier Detect
8
RXD
Receive Data
Table 18: Connection of RS-232 connector
Example of connecting a meter to the router:
Figure 22: Meter connection to router
22
Direction
Input
Output
Input
Output
Output
Output
Input
5. USER INTERFACES
5.11.2
RS-485/422 Ports
The RS-485/422 ports can be powered using the internal 3.3 V supply or by connecting an
external power supply to the port connector. External or internal power is selected by jumpers
J2 and J3 on the RS-485 module daughter board. To use internal power, place jumpers J2
and J3 across pins 2 and 3. To select external power, jumpers J2 and J3 must be on pins 1
and 2.
Interface behavior of module Expansion port RS-485/RS-422 can be made by wiring
Jumpers J4, J5 and J6 on the RS-485 module select the mode of the port – either RS-485
or RS-422 mode. If RS485 is required, jumpers J4 and J5 must be connected and jumper J6
disconnected. If RS422 is required, jumpers J4 and J5 must be disconnected and jumper J6
connected. Jumper placement can be seen in the pictures below (RS-485 module is viewed
from the top).
Internal power supply should only be used in the event that it is not possible to provide an
external power supply. If internal power supply used, RS-485/422 port will not be galvanically
separated.
Figure 23: Jumper position for external power supply (left) and internal power supply (right)
Figure 24: Jumper position for RS-485 (left) and for RS-422 (right)
23
5. USER INTERFACES
Connector Pinout in RS-485 mode
Figure 25: RS-485/422 connector
Panel socket RJ45 (RS-485 Mode)
Pin
Signal mark
Description
1
GND
Signal and supply ground
2
GND
Signal and supply ground
3
TxRx–
RS485 B (–)
4
TxRx+
RS485 A (+)
5
TxRx–
RS485 B (–)
6
TxRx+
RS485 A (+)
7
+12 V EXT
External power supply
8
+12 V EXT
External power supply
Table 19: Connector pinout in RS-485 mode
Data flow direction
Input/Output
Input/Output
Input/Output
Input/Output
ATTENTION! The power supply is selected on the module board using the jumpers.
In RS-485 mode, pins 3 and 5 and pins 4 and 6 are internally shorted together.
If galvanic separation is required, the converter must use an external power supply.
Figure 26: RS-485: Connection to the router with data cable length less than 10 m
24
5. USER INTERFACES
Figure 27: RS-485: Connection to the router with data cable length more than 10 m
With an RS-485 data cable longer than 10m, it is necessary to use overvoltage protection
on the router side!
Connector Pinout in RS-422 mode
Figure 28: RS-485/422 connector
Panel socket RJ45 (RS-422 Mode)
Pin
Signal mark
Description
1
SGND
Signal and power supply ground
2
SGND
Signal and power supply ground
3
RxD–
Receive data (–)
4
RxD+
Receive data (+)
5
TxD–
Transmit data (–)
6
TxD+
Transmit data (+)
7
+12 V EXT
External power supply
8
+12 V EXT
External power supply
Table 20: Connector pinout in RS-422 mode
Data flow direction
Output
Output
Input
Input
ATTENTION! The power supply is selected on the module board using the jumpers.
If galvanic separation is required, the converter must use an external power supply.
25
5. USER INTERFACES
Figure 29: RS-422: Connection to the router with data cable length less than 10 m
Figure 30: RS-422: Connection to the router with data cable length more than 10 m
With a RS422 data cable more than 10m long, it is necessary to use overvoltage protection
on the router side!
26
5. USER INTERFACES
5.11.3
12-bit I/O (AI, DI, DO) Port
The 12-bit I/O port user interface (also referred to as CNT port – counter) is used to monitor
analog and binary input signals and to control binary output signals. The interface has 6 inputs
and 1 output. Two of the inputs can be configured as binary counter inputs or general purpose
binary inputs. There are also 2 dedicated binary inputs, 2 analog current inputs, and 1 opencollector output. The options for the I/O port are configured by writing to register values on the
I/O board using the MODBUS ASCII protocol.
The unit can periodically store the values of the inputs in memory. These log entries can
be read by reading the individual memory locations. Up to 224 log entries may be stored. The
logging interval can range from 1–65535 minutes.
Analog Inputs
The analog current inputs have a range from 0 to 20 mA. The input impedance is 100 Ω
and the ADC resolution is 12 bits. The averaging and sampling period may be adjusted by the
user. Also, alarms thresholds may be set for each input. The ADC value stored in memory is
calculated using the following equation:
ADC Value = ((12b value + addit. constant) * multiplic. constant)/1000
where the constants are programmed into memory by the user.
Binary Input
The binary input is sampled 8x per second with a sampling period of 1/64 seconds. The
active level for each binary input may be set to either a logic 0 or logic 1. The inputs may be
configured to generate an alarm when they become active. The input threshold for detecting
a logic 1 can be set at either 8 uA or 20 mA using a jumper on the module board.
Counter Input
The counter inputs have a maximum input frequency of 100 Hz. The minimum input pulse
width is 1 ms. The counter input may be configured to generate an alarm when a threshold is
reached.
Binary Output
The binary output is a transistor with an open collector output. In the inactive state (logic 0)
the transistor is off. In the active state (logic 1), the transistor is on and will connect the output
signal to ground (GND). The output transistor is rated at 100 mA and 30 V.
The output may be configured to generate a pulse from 125 to 8000 ms in length. It is also
possible to configure the unit so that the output will become active when counter 1 (CNT1)
reaches a threshold.
27
5. USER INTERFACES
Selecting the Binary Input Current
The input threshold for detecting a logic 1 can be set at either 8 µA or 20 mA using a
jumper on the module board. When jumper J4 is shorted, the threshold current level is 20 mA.
When jumper J4 is not shorted, the threshold current level is 8 µA. A threshold current value
of 20mA has a higher resistance to noise on the input but also dissipates more power.
Figure 31: Threshold select using jumper on the board
Input/Output Connector
Figure 32: 12-bit I/O (CNT) connector
Panel socket RJ45 (12-bit I/O)
Pin
Signal mark
Description
1
BIN1/CNT1
Binary input/counter input
2
BIN2/CNT2
Binary input/counter input
3
BIN3
Binary input
4
BIN4
Binary input
5
GND
Signal ground
6
OUT1
Binary output (open collector)
7
AN1
Analog current input
8
AN2
Analog current input
Table 21: 12-bit Input/Output connector pinout
28
Data flow direction
Input
Input
Input
Input
Output
Input
Input
5. USER INTERFACES
Figure 33: Typical connection of the 12-bit I/O port circuitry:
MODBUS ASCII Configuration and Address Space
The 12-bit I/O Port registers are read and written using MODBUS ASCII slave protocol
over serial port 1. Using this protocol, it is possible to configure the 12-bit I/O board, read the
input status, and control the output. The I/O port communicates at 9600 baud, 8 bits, no parity,
and 1 stop bit (8N1). MODBUS input/output address space in the table below:
Address
0x0000
0x0001
0x0002
Access
R/R/R/-
Description
Type of firmware
Upper 16 bits of firmware version
Lower 16 bits of firmware version
To be continued on the next page
29
5. USER INTERFACES
Continued from the previous page
Address
0x0003
Access
R/-
0x0004
0x0005
0x0006
0x0007
0x0008
0x0009
0x000A
...
0x0100
...
0x0200
...
0x0300
...
0x0400
...
0x0500
0x0501
0x0502
0x0503
0x0504
0x0505
...
0x0600
R/R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/-
Description
Supported firmware characteristics:
• bit 0 – analogue input AN1
• bit 1 – analogue input AN2
• bit 2 – counter input CNT1
• bit 3 – counter input CNT2
• bit 4 – binary input BIN1
• bit 5 – binary input BIN2
• bit 6 – binary input BIN3
• bit 7 – binary input BIN4
• bit 8 – binary output OUT1
• bit 9 – automatic feeder control
• bit 10 – fullduplex counter CNT1/CNT2
Maximal number of entries in the cache memory
Sign of logging start and alarm evaluation
Upper 16 bits of the number of seconds since January 1, 1970
Lower 16 bits of the number of seconds since January 1, 1970
Upper 16 bits of the current log number
Lower 16 bits of the current log number
Current alarm status
R/-
Status of the binary inputs
R/W
Status of the binary outputs
R/-
Recalculate value of AN1 analogue input (with sign)
R/-
Recalculate value of AN2 analogue input (with sign)
R/W
R/W
R/R/R/R/-
Upper 16 bits of CNT1 counter value
Lower 16 bits of CNT1 counter value
Prompt CNT1 frequency
Average CNT1 frequency
Minimal CNT1 frequency
Maximal CNT1 frequency
R/W
Upper 16 bits of CNT2 counter value
To be continued on the next page
30
5. USER INTERFACES
Continued from the previous page
Address
0x0601
0x0602
0x0603
0x0604
0x0605
...
0x0F00
0x0F01
0x0F02
0x0F03
0x0F04
Access
R/W
R/R/R/R/-
Description
Lower 16 bits of CNT2 counter value
Prompt CNT2 frequency
Average CNT2 frequency
Minimal CNT2 frequency
Maximal CNT2 frequency
R/R/R/R/R/-
0x0F05
R/-
0x0F06
0x0F07
0x0F08
0x0F09
0x0F0A
0x0F0B
0x0F0C
0x0F0D
0x0F0E
0x0F0F
R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/-
Always 0x0000
Always 0x0000
Upper 16 bits of the number of seconds since January 1, 1970
Lower 16 bits of the number of seconds since January 1, 1970
Alarms status:
• bit 0 – active level on BIN1 input
• bit 1 – active level on BIN2 input
• bit 2 – active level on BIN3 input
• bit 3 – active level on BIN4 input
• bit 4 – exceeded the lower limit of the AN1 analogue input
• bit 5 – exceeded the upper limit of the AN1 analogue input
• bit 6 – exceeded the lower limit of the AN2 analogue input
• bit 7 – exceeded the upper limit of the AN2 analogue input
• bit 8 – exceeded the limit frequency of CNT1
• bit 9 – exceeded the limit frequency of CNT2
Status of the binary inputs:
• bit 0 – level at the BIN1 input
• bit 1 – level at the BIN2 input
• bit 2 – level at the BIN3 input
• bit 3 – level at the BIN4 input
• bit 6 – level at the BOUT1 output
Recalculate value of AN1 (with sign)
Recalculate value of AN2 (with sign)
Upper 16 bits of CNT1
Lower 16 bits of CNT1
Prompt CNT1 frequency
Average CNT1 frequency
Minimal CNT1 frequency
Maximal CNT1 frequency
Upper 16 bits of CNT2
Lower 16 bits of CNT2
To be continued on the next page
31
5. USER INTERFACES
Continued from the previous page
Address
0x0F10
0x0F11
0x0F12
0x0F13
...
0x1000
0x1001
0x1002
0x1003
0x1004
0x1005
0x1006
0x1007
0x1008
0x1009
0x100A
0x100B
0x100C
0x100D
0x100E
0x100F
0x1010
0x1011
0x1012
0x1013
...
0x1100
0x1101
0x1102
..
.
0xEF12
0xEF13
...
0xF000
Access
R/R/R/R/-
Description
Prompt CNT2 frequency
Average CNT2 frequency
Minimal CNT2 frequency
Maximal CNT2 frequency
R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/R/-
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
1st
R/R/R/..
.
R/R/-
2nd log – upper 16 bits of the log number
2nd log – lower 16 bits of the log number
2nd log – upper 16 bits of the time stamp
..
.
224th log – minimal CNT2 frequency
224th log – maximal CNT2 frequency
-/W
Saving period for samples [min]
To be continued on the next page
log – upper 16 bits of the log number
log – lower 16 bits of the log number
log – upper 16 bits of the time stamp
log – lower 16 bits of the time stamp
log – alarms status
log – binary inputs status
log – recalculate value of AN1 (with sign)
log – recalculate value of AN2 (with sign)
log – upper 16 bits of CNT1
log – lower 16 bits of CNT1
log – prompt CNT1 frequency
log – average CNT1 frequency
log – minimal CNT1 frequency
log – maximal CNT1 frequency
log – upper 16 bits of CNT2
log – lower 16 bits of CNT2
log – prompt CNT2 frequency
log – average CNT2 frequency
log – minimal CNT2 frequency
log – maximal CNT2 frequency
32
5. USER INTERFACES
Continued from the previous page
Address
0xF001
Access
-/W
Description
Allowed alarms:
• bit 0 – active level on BIN1 input
• bit 1 – active level on BIN2 input
• bit 2 – active level on BIN3 input
• bit 3 – active level on BIN4 input
• bit 4 – exceeded the lower limit of the AN1 analogue input
• bit 5 – exceeded the upper limit of the AN1 analogue input
• bit 6 – exceeded the lower limit of the AN2 analogue input
• bit 7 – exceeded the upper limit of the AN2 analogue input
• bit 8 – exceeded the limit frequency of CNT1
• bit 9 – exceeded the limit frequency of CNT2
...
0xF100
-/W
Negative logic of binary inputs:
• bit 0 – BIN1 input
• bit 1 – BIN2 input
• bit 2 – BIN3 input
• bit 3 – BIN4 input
...
0xF200
-/W
Normal level of binary outputs:
• bit 0 – OUT1 output
Feeder – number of pulses at the BIN1/CNT1 input
Feeder – pulse length at the OUT1 output [1/8 sec]
0xF201
0xF202
...
0xF300
0xF301
0xF302
0xF303
0xF304
0xF305
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
AN1 – sampling period [sec]
AN1 – multiplicative constant (with sign)
AN1 – additive constant (with sign)
AN1 – hysteresis value (with sign)
AN1 – lower limit (with sign)
AN1 – upper limit (with sign)
To be continued on the next page
33
5. USER INTERFACES
Continued from the previous page
Address
0xF306
Access
-/W
Description
Bits 7-3: AN1 – switching time of measurement circuit
• 0 → 1/64 sec
• 1 → 2/64 sec
..
.
• 30 → 31/64 sec
Bits 2-0: AN1 – number of samples for averaging
• 0 → one sample
• 1 → two samples
• 2 → four samples
• 4 → eight samples
• 5 → sixteen samples
...
0xF400
0xF401
0xF402
0xF403
0xF404
0xF405
0xF406
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
AN2 – sampling period [sec]
AN2 – multiplicative constant (with sign)
AN2 – additive constant (with sign)
AN2 – hysteresis value (with sign)
AN2 – lower limit (with sign)
AN2 – upper limit (with sign)
Bits 7-3: AN2 – switching time of measurement circuit
• 0 → 1/64 sec
• 1 → 2/64 sec
..
.
• 30 → 31/64 sec
Bits 2-0: AN2 – number of samples for averaging
• 0 → one sample
• 1 → two samples
• 2 → four samples
• 4 → eight samples
• 5 → sixteen samples
...
0xF500
0xF501
0xF502
0xF503
...
0xF600
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
CNT1 – Multiplicative constant
CNT1 – Upper limit
CNT1 – Time of limit exceeded [sec]
CNT1 – Time for resetting measurement [sec]
-/W
CNT2 – Multiplicative constant
To be continued on the next page
34
5. USER INTERFACES
Continued from the previous page
Address
0xF601
0xF602
0xF603
...
0xFFFF
Access
-/W
-/W
-/W
-/W
Description
CNT2 – Upper limit
CNT2 – Time of limit exceeded [sec]
CNT2 – Time for resetting measurement [sec]
Turn off the the main source at the specified time [min]
Table 22: MODBUS input/output address space
35
6. RESET OR REBOOT
6. Resetting or Rebooting the Router
It is important to distinguish between resetting and rebooting the router.
Action
Reboot
Router Behavior
Turn off and then turn on router
Reset
Restore the factory default configuration and reboot the router.
Actions
Disconnect and connect the power.
OR
Press the reboot button in the Web
configuration page (page Reboot).
Press RST button.
Table 23: Ways to reset or restart the router
After the green LED starts to blink you may restore the router’s initial settings by pressing
button RST on front panel. The router will restore its factory default configuration and reboot
(The green LED will be on).
To reset, use a narrow screwdriver. (See figure below.)
Figure 34: Router reset
We recommend backing up your router configuration before resetting. (See the separate
configuration manual). A router reset will erase your configuration and return the router to
its default settings.
36
7. FIRST USE
7. First Use
Before you can set up the router you will need to make all of the necessary connections.
The router cannot operate without a connected antenna, SIM card (for UMTS networks), and
a power supply.
Operating the router without an antenna can damage the router.
Figure 35: Connecting the router before the first use
37
7. FIRST USE
7.1
Starting the Router
Connect power to the router. In the default setting the router will start to login automatically
to the preset APN. The Ethernet port DHCP server will assign device addresses. The behavior
of the router can be modified by means of the Web, Telnet or SSH interface, as described in
the Configuration manual.
The power consumption in receive mode is 2.3 W (LTE models) or 2.6 W (3G models). The
peak power consumption during data transmission is 5.5 W. For correct operation the power
source must be able to supply a peak current of 1A.
7.2
Configuring the Router
Attention! The cellular carrier and network must be configured in the router prior to use.
For UMTS and LTE networks, the router will not operate without a SIM card. The SIM card
must be provisioned for the necessary network (LTE/HSPA+/UMTS/EDGE/GPRS). For 3G
CDMA networks, the router is provisioned over-the-air. Refer to the Configuration manual for
details on configuring the router based on the cellular carrier and network.
If the router cannot establish a connection to the cellular network, it tries to reconnect. The
retry interval prolongs with more retries. First two retries are done after 1 minute. Then the
interval prolongs to 2, 8 and 15 minutes. The ninth and every other retry is done in 90 minutes
interval.
Configuration over Web browser
Monitoring of the status, configuration and administration of the router can be done via the
Web interface. The default IP address of the router is 192.168.1.1. The username is "root".
The password is "root".
Figure 36: Accessing the router Web interface
A screen that will show up after the login is on the figure 37.
A detailed description of configuring the router via the Web interface can be found in the
Configuration Manual.
38
7. FIRST USE
Figure 37: Router Web interface
Configuration over Telnet or SSH
Monitoring of status, configuration and administration of the router can be performed by
means of the Telnet or SSH interface. The default IP address of the router is 192.168.1.1. The
username is "root". The password is "root". A detailed description of configuring the router
via Telnet or SSH can be found in the Configuration Manual and Commands and Scripts
Application Note.
39
8. TECHNICAL PARAMETERS
8. Technical Parameters
SPECTRE Cellular Routers
Complies with standards
Temperature range
Function
Storage
Protection
Supply voltage
Consumption
Dimensions
Weight
Antenna connector
SIM Card Interface
User interface
No communication
Receive Mode
Transmit: GPRS
Transmit: others
EN 301 511, v9.0.2,
EN 301 908-1&-2: v3.2.1,
ETSI EN 301 489-1 V1.8.1,
EN 60950-1:06 ed.2 + A11:09 + A1:10
UL CLASS I, DIV 2, GROUPS A, B, C, AND D
-30 ◦ C to +60 ◦ C (LTE models)
-30 ◦ C to +70 ◦ C (3G models)
-40 ◦ C to +75 ◦ C (RT models)
-40 ◦ C to +85 ◦ C (all models)
IP20
10 to 30 V DC Class 2 Power Supply Only
1.6 W (RT models)
2.3 W (LTE models), 2.6 W (3G models)
up to 3.5 W (GPRS transmission)
up to 5.5 W (UMTS/HSDPA/EVDO/LTE, RT
models with communication)
42 x 80.3 x 113.2 mm (DIN 35 mm)
280 g
SMA – 50 Ohm
1.8 V and 3.3 V Mini-SIM Cards
ETH
Ethernet (10/100 Mbit/s)
USB
USB 2.0 type A host
PORT1
Model Dependent
PORT2
Model Dependent
Table 24: General specifications
40
8. TECHNICAL PARAMETERS
SPECTRE LTE AT Cellular Module
LTE parameters
Bit rate 100 Mbps (DL) / 50 Mbps (UL)
3GPP rel. 8 standard
Supported bandwidth: 5, 10; in some bands 1.4, 3, 15, 20 MHz
HSPA+ parameters
Bit rate 21.1 Mbps (DL) / 5.76 Mbps (UL)
HSDPA data rates up to category 24
HSUPA data rates up to category 6
UMTS parameters
PS bit rate – 384 kbps (DL) / 384 kbps (UL)
CS bit rate – 64 kbps (DL) / 64 kbps (UL)
W-CDMA FDD standard
3GPP Rel. 5 to 8
GPRS parameters
Bit rate 236 kbps (DL) / 236 kbps (UL)
GPRS multislot class 10, CS 1 to 4
EGPRS multislot class 12, CS 1 to 4,
MCS 1 to 9
Transmit power
LTE: 23 dBm
UMTS/HSUPA/HSDPA/HSPA+: Class 3 (23 dBm)
GSM850 CS: Class 4 (32 dBm)
GSM900 CS: Class E2 (27 dBm)
Supported channels
GSM/GPRS/EDGE: 850/900/1800/1900 MHz
UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA/HSPA+: 800/850/1900/2100 MHz
LTE: 700/AWS/2100 Mhz
GPS
Standalone mode
Assisted mode A-GPS SUPL1.0
1575.42 MHz
Protocol NMEA 0183 V3.0
Table 25: SPECTRE LTE AT cellular module specifications
SPECTRE LTE VZ Cellular Module
LTE parameters
Bit rate 100 Mbps (DL) / 50 Mbps (UL)
3GPP rel. 8 standard
Supported bandwidth: 5, 10 MHz
CDMA parameters
Bit rate 3.1 Mbps (DL) / 1.8 Mbps (UL)
Transmit power
LTE: 20 dBm
CDMA: 24 dBm
Supported channels
CDMA: 800/1900 MHz
LTE: 700 Mhz
Continued on next page
41
8. TECHNICAL PARAMETERS
Continued from previous page
SPECTRE LTE VZ Cellular Module
GPS
Standalone mode
1575.42 MHz
Protocol NMEA 0183 V3.0
Table 26: SPECTRE LTE VZ cellular module specifications
SPECTRE 3G Cellular Module
HSPA+ parameters
Bit rate 14.4 Mbps (DL) / 5.76 Mbps (UL)
3GPP standard
CDMA parameters
Bit rate 3.1 Mbps (DL) / 1.8 Mbps (UL)
GPRS parameters
3GPP Release 99 (GSM/GPRS)
Supported channels
HSPA+/UMTS: 850/900/AWS/1900/2100 MHz
EGPRS: 850/900/1800/1900 MHz
CDMA: 800/1900 MHz
GPS
Assisted Mode
Table 27: SPECTRE 3G cellular module specifications
32b ARM Microprocessor
Memory
512 Mb DDR SDRAM
128 Mb FLASH
1 Mb MRAM
Interface
Serial interface RS232
Ethernet interface 10/100 Mbit/s
USB 2.0 interface
Table 28: Processor specifications
Port IO
Input/Output
Binary input:
Reed contact with trigger level 1.3 up to 1.4 V
Binary output:
120 mA / max. 30 V
Table 29: I/O port specifications
42
8. TECHNICAL PARAMETERS
Wi-Fi Specifications
Power supply
Internal
Environment
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Standards
Emission
Immunity
Safety
Isolation
Wi-Fi
RX Sensitivity
specifications
TX Output power
(802.11 b/g/n)
11b, 11Mbps
11g, 54Mbps
(HT20) 11n, MSC7
(HT20) 11n, MSC7
+3.3 V
–15 to +65 ◦ C
–20◦ to +85 ◦ C
EN 55022/B
ETS 300 342
EN 60950
EN 60747
-85 dBm
-70 dBm
-66 dBm
-62 dBm
11b, 11Mbps
11g, 54Mbps
802.11n (HT20)
802.11n (HT20)
19 dBm
16 dBm
15 dBm
15 dBm
Internal Antenna Impedance
Frequency band
50 Ω
2,4 GHz
Table 30: Wi-Fi Specifications
43
8. TECHNICAL PARAMETERS
SmartMesh IP 802.15.4e Radio Specifications
Parameter
Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Frequency Band
2.400 GHz
2.4835 GHz
Number
15
of Channels
Channel
5 MHz
Separation
Channel Clear
Where k = 11 to 25, as
2405 +
Frequency
defined
+ 5*(k-11)
by IEEE 802.4.15
MHz
Modulation
IEEE 802.15.4 Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS)
Raw Data Rate
250 kbps
◦
Range
25 C, 50 % RH, +2 dBi
Omni-Directional
Antenna, Antenna 2 m
above ground
Indoor:
Outdoor:
Packet Data Error Rate
(PER) = 1 %
PER = 50 %
100 m
300 m
Receiver
Sensitivity
Receiver
Sensitivity
Output Power
Delivered to a 50 Ω load
High Calibration
8 dBm
Setting
Low Calibration
0 dBm
Setting
Table 31: SmartMesh IP 802.15.4e Radio Specifications
44
–93 dBm
–95 dBm
9. TROUBLESHOOTING
9. Troubleshooting
9.1
FAQ
Q. I have NAT enabled. My equipment is not connecting to the network.
The device’s gateway has to be configured as the router.
Q. The router resets itself and the Ethernet connection fails.
The router will not function without an antenna. Keep the antenna as far as possible from
the power supply.
Q. I can’t access the Web server over NAT.
The remote http access of the router has to be disabled, the default server address has
to be your web server and the gateway of the web server has to be the IP of the router.
Q. PPP connection fails. (DAT LED off)
Check signal power. If signal power is weak you will need a better antenna. If the neighboring cells have a similar signal strength, you will need to use a directional antenna. For
proper operation, the signal levels have to be in the range from -50dBm to -90dBm. It
is necessary to set ping, which will check the connection and, in the case of failed ping,
restart the connection.
Q. PPP connection cannot be established. (DAT LED off)
• Recheck GPRS settings - APN, name, password and IP address.
• Try to enter PIN – verify if the SIM card has the PIN code set.
• In a private APN, switch the DNS server send off.
• Switch the system log on and observe where the error occurs.
Q. FTP doesn’t function.
Router doesn’t support active FTP mode. It supports passive mode only.
Q. RS-232 doesn’t function.
Verify that the router supports RS-232 communications. Also verify the RS-232 communication settings. To do so, open the router’s configuration menu via the web browser,
select the appropriate expansion port and verify the settings in the configuration menu.
Q. L2TP or IPSec isn’t establishing.
Check the system log for error messages.
Q. I switched the router to offline mode by SMS message, but the router is in online
mode after restart.
SMS messages do not change the router configuration. They remain in effect only until
the router is restarted.
45
10. CUSTOMER SUPPORT
10. Customer Support
Up to date product information is on the website:
www.bb-smartsensing.com
For Technical Support:
Call 815-433-5100
Maintenance:
• Handle the SIM card carefully. Do not bend, scratch or expose the card to static
electricity.
• Do not clean the router with harsh chemicals, solvents or abrasive cleaners.
RT and 3G models:
B&B Electronics hereby declares that the models RT and 3G of the router described in this
user’s guide fits all basic demands of directive 1999/5/EC (R&TTE).
Router fits values of coefficient SAR defined by association ICNIRP and values of “About
protection of health before non-ionized radiation“.
Declaration of conformity was issued and may be acquired from the manufacturer.
46
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