sony pd170 smart guide
Shooting with manual adjustment
Under normal conditions, this unit automatically makes various adjustm
shoots. However, you can adjust
following
functions manually to sui
PD the
170
Orientation
preference.
ATTACHING A BATTERY
(1) lift up viewfinder
(2) insert battery with contacts at the
bottom. (Click )
MENU SETTINGS CHECKLIST
Functions you can adjust by setting the AUTO LOCK selector to the c
lock release) position
Iris, gain,
shutterto
speed,
andon.
white balance
Press
Menu
turn
Functions you can adjust in menu settings
the SteadyShot
(use theDeactivating
wheel at
the back to
move and
press
Functions
youto
canselect
adjust by using other selectors/rings
ND filter, zebra pattern, focus, AE shift, and zoom
menu items
The following describes how to adjust all the functions mentioned above
balance (p. 51), focus (p. 59), and zoom (p. 23).
D ZOOM - OFF
AUTO
LOCK selector
16:9
WIDE
- ON *don’t mix 16:9 + 4:3
Set the selector as shown below to maintain or release the settings of the
STEADY SHOT - ON
AUTO
move this
LOCK
FRAME REC - OFF
switch to top
INT. REC - OFF [a]
position
[c] to
[b]
WIND - OFF
shoot in Auto
Removing the battery:
press Batt Release and
pull battery up and out.
HOLD
THE ON BUTTON
mode.
AUTO LOCK [a]
REC
MODE
DVCAM
set switch to CAMERA
Select this position to let the unit adjust all the functions automatically.
Step 1 Press
Installing
the microphone AUDIO MODE - FS48K
red button once to record,
HOLD [b]
MIC
NR
OFF after setting the functions manually to maintain the se
Select
this- position
to pause.
Install once
the supplied
microphone. Be sure to connect the microphone plug to the
INPUT1
AUDIO SET > AGC1/2 = ON
connector.
Manual position (AUTO LOCK release) [c]
(1) Attach the wind screen to the microphone.
Select this position to adjust the functions listed above manually.
INSERTING
A CASSETTE
(2) Loosen the microphone
holder screw and open the cover.
COLOR
(3)
Place
the
microphone
into
the
holder
with
the
model
name
(ECM-NV1)
facingBAR - ON
2. press the blue eject switch to open the
If you use the video flash light (optional)
upward, close the cover, and tighten the screw.
•Record
20
seconds
colour
bars to AUTO LOCK.
We recommend
that
you set the of
AUTO
LOCK selector
cassette
lid the plug of the microphone to the INPUT 1 connector.
(4) Connect
COLOR
BAR - OFF
(5) Set the
INPUT LEVEL
selector
ATT, you
3. cassette
window
faces
out,to MIC or MIC ATT. When set to MIC
Notes
can reduce the volume by about 20 dB. And set the +48 V switch toDATE
ON. REC - OFF ( never turn ON !!! )
•When you manually adjust more than two of the following functions d
4. write
protect tab faces up.
(6) Select the channel to be used, using the REC CH SELECT switch. Whenoryou
spot
light mode:
iris, gain,
Press
Menu
to turn
off and shutter speed, the backlight or spot li
record awhere
sound (signal),
which comes from the microphone connected to
the
5. only press
it is indicated
will
be automatically canceled.
INPUT 1 connector, only on the channel 1, set it to CH1. When you record
•The both
functions (iris, gain, and shutter speed) that are not adjusted manu
on the channels 1 and 2, set it to CH1•CH2.
automatically
adjusted according
to shooting conditions.
MANUAL CRITICAL
FOCUS
1
CHECKING MIC CONNECTION
plug mic into front plug INPUT 1
REC CH SELECT to CH1•CH2
INPUT LEVEL to MIC
5
+48v to ON
Using the ND filter (the ND filter 1 setting corresponds to 1/4 of the quantity of light
and the ND filter 2 setting corresponds to 1/32 of the quantity of light), you can record
a picture clearly by adjusting light amounts, even if you shoot under too bright
conditions.
The ND filter is necessary.
When ND 1 flashes, set the ND FILTER selector to 1 so that the ND 1 indicator
disappears from the LCD or viewfinder screen.
When ND 2 flashes, set the ND FILTER selector to 2 so that the ND 2 indicator
disappears from the LCD or viewfinder screen.
When ND OFF flashes on the LCD screen or in the viewfinder
The ND filter is not necessary. Set the ND FILTER selector to OFF so that the indicator
disappears from the LCD or viewfinder screen.
The ND filter is now deactivated.
REC CH
SELECT
CH1•CH2
CH1
INPUT
LEVEL
LINE
MIC
MIC
ATT
INPUT1
INPUT
LEVEL
+48V
ON
OFF
LINE
MIC
+48V
REC CH
SELECT
ON
CH1•CH2
OFF
CH1
MIC
ATT
INPUT
LEVEL
LINE
MIC
MIC
ATT
INPUT2
INPUT1
INPUT
LEVEL
+48V
ON
OFF
LINE
MIC
+48V
ON
ND FILTER
OFF
MIC
ATT
2
INPUT2
1
OFF
Note: turn off +48v if using wireless mics
When the wind is blowing hard
Set CH1 or CH2 of WIND to ON in the menu settings according to the input (p. 105).
When you unplug the microphone plug
Unplug it while holding the PUSH button down.
Make sure the ND
filter is off - only use
in very bright
settings. Camera will
flash ND1 / ND2 on
screen if filter is needed
Notes
•If you set the ND FILTER selector to another positions during recording, the picture
may be blurred or audio noise may occur. We recommend that you check the position
of the ND FILTER selector before shooting.
•When shooting a too bright object, diffraction off the small aperture may cause slight
off set in focusing. This phenomenon is quite common with a use of a video camera
recorder. Using the ND filter will reduce influence of such phenomenon, and you can
attain a better shooting condition.
If you use the video flash light (optional)
Advanced Recording Operations
(1)
(2)
(3)
4
(4)
2
* Is the lens clean?
3 by setting up your focus before you start
shooting, you can easily change your shot
size by zooming and the image will always
stay in focus.
Shooting with manual adjustment
1.switch focus switch to manual
Using the ND filter
2.close LED screen and look into viewfinder
3.adjust viewfinder for your eye
When4.set
the ND1 or up
ND2 indicator
on the LCD screen or in
yourflashes
shot
6 the viewfinder
5.zoom in on subject’s eyes, focus
6.reframe your shot, and shoot.
viewfinder.
viewfinder.
The sound input through the AUDIO CH1/CH2 jacks or
You cannot adjust the recording level.
Selecting the channel to be adjusted manually
Set the POWER switch to CAMERA or VCR.
Press MENU to display the menu.
, then press the dial.
Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial to select
Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial to select AUDIO SET, then press the dial.
Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial to select the desired item, then press the dial.
Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial to select the setting of the item, then press the
dial.
(7) Press MENU to erase the menu display.
MANUAL AUDIO CONTROL SETUP
MEMORY
OFF CAMERA
(CHG)
2,7
POWER
VCR
1
MENU
standby or recording mode.
(2) Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial to adjust the recording level of the channel 1,
then press the dial. The cursor moves to “CH2,” and you can adjust the
recording level of the channel 2.
(3) Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial to adjust the recording level of the channel 2.
ADJUSTING RECORDING LEVELS
Adjusting the recording leve
1,2
AUDIO
LEVEL
[a]
CH1
CH2
30 20 12
0 dB
CH1
CH2
[b] [c]
3,4
5,6
TAPE SET
REC MODE
AUD I O MODE
REMA I N
M I C NR
AUD I O SET
TAPE SET
AUD I O SET
AGC CH1
AGC CH2
[MENU] : MAN
END GA I N
RETURN
[MENU] : END
TAPE SET
AUD I O SET
AGC CH1
AGC CH2
MAN GA I N
RETURN
Setting
ON
OFF
a)
AGC CH2
ON
OFF
MAN GAINa)b) SEPARATED
LINKED
ON
OFF
[a] Recording level meter
[b] Decreases the recording level
OFF
1,2
what happens
AGC
CH 1
Switc hes t he recording level
adjustment of the channel1 from
automatic (ON) and manual (OFF).
AGC
CH 2
ON
OFF
Switc hes t he recording level
adjustment of the channel 2 from
automatic (ON) and manual (OFF).
[a]
You can see the recording level adjustment display, however, you cannot30
adjust
20the
12
recording level of the channel that the item above is set to CH1
ON.
0 dB
CH2
When MAN GAIN is setAUDIO
to LINKED
Press
thelevel
silver
AUDIO
LEVEL
The recording
adjustment
display is changed
as follows.button
LEVEL
Meaning
Switches the recording level adjustment of the
channel 1 from automatic (ON) and manual (OFF).
Switches the recording level adjustment of the
channel 2 from automatic (ON) and manual (OFF).
Sets the recording levels of channel 1 and channel 2
linked (LINKED) or separated (SEPARATED).
item set.
OFF
0 dB
[c] Increases the recording
level meter
[a] Recording
level
To clear the recording level adjustment display
[b] Decreases
the recording level
Press AUDIO LEVEL again.
When AGC CH1 or AGC
is set to ON
[c] Increases
theCH2recording
level
[MENU] : END
1. Set the POWER switch to CAMERA
2. Press MENU to display the menu.
3. Turn
SEL/PUSH
EXEC
dial totothe INPUT2
a) This is the
only available
when connecting the
external microphone
connector.
b)
LINKED
is
only
available
when
both
AGC
CH1
and
AGC
CH2 are set to OFF.
select
TAPE SET >
AUDIO SET >
AGC CH1 - OFF
AGC CH 2 - OFF
MAN GAIN - SEPARATED
[MENU]: END
ON
30 20 12
CH1
CH2
Items to be adjusted
Item
AGC CH1
(1) Press AUDIO LEVEL to dis
standby3 or recording mode
(2) Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC
then press the dial. The cur
recording level of the chann
(3) Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC
CH1
CH2
TAPE SET
AUD I O SET
AGC CH1
AGC CH2
[MENU] : MAN
END GA I N
RETURN
ON
DV Interface
The sound input through the A
Adjusting the recording level
(1) Press AUDIO LEVEL to display
the recording
adjustment
display the
in
You
cannot
adjust
recording
PDlevel170
Orientation
Advanced Recording Operations
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
1.
to
CH1
CH2
display the recording level adjustment
display in standby or recording mode.
CH1
CH2
30 20 12
0 dB
CH1,2
54
53
[b] [c]
2.Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial to adjust
the recording level of the channel 1, then
press the dial. The cursor moves to “CH2,”
and you can adjust the recording level of
the channel 2.
3.Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial to adjust
the recording level of the channel 2.
[a] Recording level meter
[b]level
Decreases
the recording level
To clear the recording
adjustment
[c]LEVEL
Increases
the recording level
display, press AUDIO
again.
clear
recording
when AGC CH1 or To
AGC
CH2 isthe
set to
ON
le
Press AUDIO LEVEL again.
You can see the recording level adjustment
When
AGC
CH1the
or AGC CH2 is s
display, however, you
cannot
adjust
You
can see
thethe
recording
level a
recording level of the
channel
that
item
above is set to ON. recording level of the channel tha
MAN SEP
GAIN
When
GAIN is set to LINK
When MAN GAIN is
set toMAN
LINKED
AGC 2 + LINKED MAN GAIN ONLY WORKS
WHEN USING THE SECOND MIC INPUT
The recording level
adjustment display
is changed like so:
Sets the recording levels of channel
1 and channel 2 linked (LINKED) or
LINK separated (SEPARATED).
The recording level adjustment
CH1
CH2
CH1,2
54
30 20 12
0 dB
Advanced Recording Operations
Advanced Recording Operations
al to adjust the effect.
djust by using other selectors/rings
rn, focus, AE shift, and zoom
Shooting with manual adjustment
Adjusting the iris
e still image you want to superimpose on the
bes how to adjust all
the functions
mentioned
aboveadjustment
except white
Adjust the iris manually depending on the depth of field.
Shooting
with
manual
re
PD 170 Orientation
(p. 59), and zoom (p. 23).
(1) Set the AUTO LOCK selector to the center (auto lock release) position while
f flash motion
the camcorder is in standby,
MANUAL
CONTROL
SETUP
MANUAL
IRISrecording, or memory mode.
eme of the area in the
still image which
to bezebra pattern
Shooting
withisthe
(2) Press IRIS. The iris indicator appears on the LCD screen or in the viewfinder.
(3)
Turn
the
IRIS
dial
to
the iris.
hwn
a moving
picture
below to maintain or release the settings of the functions.
Iris control
is inadjust
front
of the LCD screen.
the dial,of
the F value changes as follows:
You can set the camcorder to display a zebra pattern (diagonal stripes)Asinyou
theturn
portion
l the incidental image
vanishes
AUTO
F1.6
y
...
y
F11
y
CLOSE
Move
Auto
Lock
switch
middle
When
iris is manual you will see F stop info
the picture
on the
LCD screen
or into
thethe
viewfinder
with a subject
whose
brightness
LOCK
For a smaller aperture, select a higher value.
nt necessary
exceeds a certain
level. When
the ZEBRA
selector is set to 100, the
of the picture
position.
To save
Manual
settings,
onportion
screen.
where zebra pattern appears is an area of high brightness and overexposure. You can
[a]
e stronger the digital effect.
The
bar
appears
inlevel
the of
[c]
move
this
switch
down
tobyHOLD
check
the
picture
a subject
displaying the zebra pattern. Use the zebra
AUTO
[b]
UMI. and TRAIL.
1 LOCK
pattern as a guide for adjusting the exposure and shutter speed so2
that you can get the
•IRIS
desired picture.
HOLD
There are 3 buttons on the back of
Set the ZEBRA
selector to 70 or 100 in standby or memory mode.
let the unit adjust
all camera
the functions
automatically.
the
that
allow
us to set manual
3
LUMI. one of these buttons will
controls. Pressing
ter setting the functions manually to maintain the settings.
cause a symbol to be selected on the LCD
UTO LOCK release)
[c]
screen.
adjust the functions listed above manually.
4
GAIN
flash light (optional)
you set the AUTO LOCK selector to AUTO LOCK.
SHUTTER SPEED
WHITE BALANCE
y adjust more than two of the following functions during backlight
iris, gain, and shutter speed, the backlight or spot light function
y canceled.
gain, and shutter speed) that are not adjusted manually will be
ted according to shooting conditions.We use this little wheel to
ct
l effect indicator disappears.
select and change the manual
HOLD
F2.8
3
Using the zebra for exposure.
1.Use Zebra 100
About the depth
of field subject hold a white
2. Have
70
The depth of field is the in-focus range, measured from the distance behind a subject to
the distance in front.
The depth
of field
can vary withAdjust
the iris (F value)
and the
focal
piece
of
paper.
iris
until
length.
Lowering the F value (large iris) reduces the depth of field. Raising the F value
100
(small iris) provides a larger depth of field. Zooming in telephoto position offers a
only the paper has the zebra
smaller depth of field while the depth of field in the wide-angle position is greater.
stripe.
The depth of field Shallow
Deep
IrisMANUAL
NearWHITE
open (Low F value)
Near close (High F value)
BALANCE
To return to automatic iris mode
ZEBRA
Set the AUTO LOCK selector to AUTO LOCK or press IRIS. The iris indicator
OFF from the LCD or viewfinder screen.
disappears
Zoom
Telephoto (T)
Wide (W)
White balance adjustment is
settings
of the camera
Meaning
Setting
The zebra pattern appears in the portion of the picture on the LCD screen
70
used to tell the camera what is
or in the viewfinder with a subject whose brightness is about 70 IRE.
true white, resulting in
MANUAL
GAIN
The zebra pattern appears in the portion of the picture on the LCD screen
100
or in the viewfinder
with a subject
exceeds more than
all other colours also
44
Gain affects
the whose brightness
100 IRE.
being correct.
sensitivity to light of
The zebra pattern does not appear on the LCD screen or in the viewfinder.
OFF
the camera. Too
43 much
1. set the AUTO LOCK
the
Set the ZEBRA selector to OFF.
41
switch to the center
image grainy and will
Note on shooting with the zebra pattern
2. Press WHT BAL.
mess up the white
Even though you see the zebra pattern on the LCD screen or in the viewfinder, the
You should see the white balance indicator
patternGain
is not recorded.
balance.zebra
Keep
at zero.
on the screen
3. Turn the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial to choose
MANUAL SHUTTER SPEED
the white balance you want.
Lower shutter
speeds need less
indoor tungsten bulb
light, but creates a
ghosting effect with
48
outdoor sunny day
movement, which
can be used as an
manual setting
effect. Higher shutter speeds need more
(1)Fill the frame with a piece of
light are useful for rapidly moving objects.
white paper that is being lit by the
If you plan to create freeze frames, using a
same lighting setup.
higher shutter speed will result in more
(2)
Press the SEL/PUSH EXEC dial until the
image detail.
white balance symbol stops flashing.
(3) Re do the manual white balance for
every new lighting setup.
To erase the zebra
pattern
gain
will make
PD 170 Orientation
CAMERA CHECKLIST - AUTOMATIC
BUTTONS
Adjustments to check
✓ Auto Lock switch to top position
✓ Menu settings adjusted
✓ D Zoom off
✓ 16:9: on / off
✓ Rec mode: DVcam or SP
✓ Audio Set : auto, manual, partial
✓ ND filter turned off ?
Basics
✓ battery charged
✓ lens clean
✓ tripod level and sturdy
✓ tape rewound or at proper position
✓ 20 seconds of colour bars or black at
beginning of tape
Focusing
✓ Focus switch to manual
✓ eyepiece adjusted for operators eye
✓ critical focus done before shooting
Logging
✓ tape labelled with date and camera #
✓ tape box labelled with camera #, date
and producers last names
✓ Timecode display selected with TC/ U-bit
button ( 00:00:00:00 on LCD display )
✓ camera log neatly written and accurate
CAMERA CHECKLIST - MANUAL
✓ Auto Lock to middle position
✓ Gain set to 0dB
✓ Shutter set to 30 - 125
✓ Iris adjusted with zebra at 100
✓ White balance set with lighting change
✓ Auto Lock to Hold position once all
manual settings are done
✓ Audio levels adjusted for each mic
• memory-play-index-delete : used for
memory card
•
• DIGITAL EFFECT ( page 40 )
STILL FLASH LUMI
TRAIL OLD MOVIE
• TITLE used with memory card
• DATA CODE: to see data on screen
• DISPLAY: to see date/time on screen
• END SEARCH : to go to end of last
recorded scene - won’t work if tape is
ejected
• ZEBRA : shows brightest spots of image:
70= skin tone, 100 = pure white
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