FT-QL from March 1966
Contents
Mercury Battery Loading ............. .. ... .... ....... ..... .... .. .. ....... ....... . 8
Film Winding ..... ..... .. ... ........ ...... . .. ... .. ·· ·· ··· · ··· · ... . .
We are hi ghly gratif ied that you have selected the Canon FT QL-a
wise choice that promises you many delightful years of photographic
experiences.
Canon is recognized the world over as the foremost pioneer in the
development of photogra phic equipment of the highest quality and
perform a nee.
Whether it is for the home, laboratory, or traveling , make the most of
your opportunities!
Before Using . . .
It is important for you to thoroughly know and to get accustomed to
handling the Canon FT QL. Please read this instruction booklet carefully ,
and master the manipulations of the various parts completely. If you
are thoroughly versed in the correct handling of the camera , you can
get the maximum performance out of the Canon FT QL to your greatest
satisfaction .
. ... .. ...... ... 10
Shutter and Aperture Adjustment ..................... ..... ................... 12
How to Use Built-In Exposure Meter ......... .. ........ .. .... ......... .. .. . 16
Exposure Setting-Shutter Speed Priority Method .... .. ... ...... .. . 18
Exposure Setting-f/ Stop Priority Method
...... .
. ... 19
Acceptable Range of Built-In Exposure Meter ... ... .. ................... 20
Focusing .. ..... .
. ...... ........... ... .. .. .. .. .... ......... ........... 21
Holdipg the Camera ............ .... ... ... ... ............. .... .. ................ ... 23
Film Loading ......... ...... ...... ... ...... .... ... .............. ... ........... .... ..... 25
Film Rewinding ...... ....... .. ..... ...... .. .............. ....... ..... .. ................ 28
Photography Using Self-Timer ... .. ... .... .
Flash Synchron ization .......... .......... ..... .... .. .
Uses of Lenses
. .... ..... ......... ... .29
. .......... .. .30
..... ... 31
Double Exposure ........ .... . .
Filters ....... .......... .. .. .. ... .. .... .. .. ..... ... .... .......... .... ... ....... ..... ...... .38
Proper Care of the Canon FT QL .. .. .. .. ............... .. .................... 39
Interchangeable Lenses and Accessories .. .... .
Canon Booster .......... .... ..
. .. .... 40
.... , ..... 43
,-,----------Lens
, . - - - - - - - - - - P r e - s e t Aperture Ring
...----------Focusing Ring
. . . - - - - - - - - - - F l a s h Socket
,,...----------Mirror Loc k Lever
- - - - - - - - - A - M Ring
...---------Bayonet Ring
- - - - - - - - - F i l m Rewind Knob
. . . - - - - - - CdS Actuating
Lock Lever
~
CdS Actuating
and Self-timer Lever
----Accessory Shoe
Film Speed Set Ring
DIN Film Speed Indicator
Window
Shutter Speed Dial
-~...,,.--Time Lock
and Safety Lock Lever
N~~~~~-t-Film Counter
~,,.__ _._~1---4--Shutter
~
~
"'!!-
~--_.
Release Button
Film Advance Lever
ASA Film Speed Indicator
Window
Film Plane Mark
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - B a t t e r y Check Lever
Technical Data
Type : 35mm single-lens reflex camera .
Viewfinder: Eye-level viewfinder using pentagonal prism . Waist Level Viewer 2 can
be attached .
Focusing Glass : Highly efficient in resolving
power , using Fresnel lens and built-in
prism screen rangefinder.
Mirror : Shockless quick return system. Mirror
can be fixed upwards .
Standard Lens :
FL 50mm F 1.8, FL 50mm
F 1.411 , FL 55mm F 1.2.
Aperture : Fully automatic pre-set aperture
built in . Pre-set release possible .
Shutter : 1/ 1000-1 sec. dial and B (TJX single
pivot dial focal plane shutter.
Exposure Meter : Built in . Zero-method type
CdS cell coupled to shutter dial and
aperture setting. TTL system . EV 2 .5
(with ASA 100 film, f / 1.2 at 1/ 4 sec.)-EV
18 (f / 16 at 1/ 1000 sec. ) one stage system. ASA 25-2000. Powered by one l.3v
M20 ( ~ 625) mercury battery.
Photometry : Exposure meter functions with
the CdS actuating lever .
Continuous
photometry is possible with the CdS
actuating lock lever.
Battery checker
built in.
Measuring of Ultra-Low Illumination : EV 2.5
1/ 4 sec.-EV-3.5" 15 sec. at f/ 1.2 can be
measured with the attachment of the
Canon Booster (auxiliary meter for ex tremely dim lighting) .
Flash Synchronization : Synchronizing possible
for FP and X contacts and FP class, M
class , MF class and speedlight. Automatic
time lag adjusting type .
Self-Timer: Built in . Time adjusting type.
Film Rewinding : Done by button and crank .
Film Advance Lever : Single operation 174 °
winding lever , possible to wind with several
short strokes .
Film Loading: Back cover opening and closing,
using only cartridge. The Canon -developed QL mechanism makes possible
simple and quick loading of film .
Interchangeable Lenses:
Automatic pre-set
aperture type FL series lens system .
Film Counter : Self-resetting type.
Size: 144 x 93 x 43mm (5 % " x 3 %" x 1%'").
Weight : 740 grams (1 lb . 10 oz .)-body only.
Subject to alterations.
.,..._..!.,_
1
5
Load the film.
Look through the viewfinder.
2
6
3
7
Set the film speed.
Focus and compose the picture .
Wind the film advance lever .
Determine the exposure with built-in meter.
~T
~
4
8
Remove the lens cap .
Press the shutter release button.
e
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Cen t ra l Conta ct
-
Needle
o
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Insuffi c ient
( Nee d to repla ce)
Mercury Battery Loading
Load the mercury battery into the battery com partment.
The mercury battery powers the
built-in CdS exposure meter, and the meter will
not function unless the battery is in position .
Press the finger against the battery cover
and turn to the left to remove.
Face the central contact of the mercury
battery inwards and insert, then screw the
cover back in.
.. Before insertion , clean mercury battery
thoroughly with a dry cloth . Perspiration or
finger marks may cause corrosion and may
prove particularly harmful to center of contact.
An unclean battery may also damage the con tact point of the camera .
1
2
8
.. For mercury battery , National M-10 or
Toshiba TH -MC is used-equivalent to Mallory
RM-625R, Eveready E625N, GE ~ 625 . Life of
the battery in continuous use is approximately
one year. When inserting, do not confuse the
EB
Not only will the meter fail to function
in case of reverse insertion, but the cover
cannot be screwed in properly .
.. When not in use for a long period , remove
the mercury battery and keep in a dry place .
e.
Battery Check
Check the mercury battery after loading it.
Especially when loading a new battery, be sure
to check the voltage.
Set the film speed graduation of the shutter
dial at ASA 100 and set " X" at the index
mark . Lift up the outer sensitivity ring of the
shutter dial and turn. See page 16.
.. An accurate check cannot be made if set tings other than those mentioned above are
used.
1
Turn the check lever on the outer side of
2 the
film rewind knob to " C" index.
If the meter needle inside the viewfinder
3 swings up to or over the o index, it means
there is sufficient voltage. If the needle stays
below the edge of the o index, voltage is insufficient and the battery must be replaced .
.. In the Canon FT QL, the electric current flows
only when the CdS actuating lever is pressed .
~
Film Counter
Film Winding
The turning of the film advance lever cocks
the shutter and film winding, and aperture
charging in one motion .
1
• Be sure that the safety lock lever is set at
''A''.
2
• The winding may be done by moving the
lever with sever a I short strokes .
When the shutter release button is pressed ,
the diaphragm simultaneously closes down
to the pre-selected f / stop and the shutter
operates .
Immediately after the shutter operation , the
advance lever is again in ready position .
10
• After loading the film, make another wind ,
since there is the possibility of the very first
winding not catching.
• Unless the winding is completed, the shutter
will not be actuated, even though the shutter
release button is pressed.
In such a case ,
check the winding once more .
Film Counter
Attaching the Cable Release
Each winding of film will advance the number
of the fi lm counter, indicating the number of
pictures taken. When the back cover is opened ,
the indicator automatically returns to starting
position " S ".
A cable release can be attached to the shutter
release button. Even if the safety lock lever
is at "L" position, the shutter will operate by
using the release.
Safety Device for Shutter
When the safety lock lever around the shutter
button is turned to the "L" position, the shutter
is locked and will not move . This device may
be used when the camera is carried in a wound
condition.
11
Make rever se turn
w h en it stops at "X ".
•
Make rever se turn
when it stops at "B ".
Pre-set
Apertur
Ring
The d ia l ca nn ot be turned
between "B" and ·· X ".
Shutter and Aperture Adjustment
The shutt er and ap erture ad just the exposure ,
with the shutter ad justing the exposure time
and the aperture adjustin g the amount of lig ht.
The Canon FT QL uses the zero-method coupled
meter , and it is very simple to get the proper
exposure.
Shutter Speed Dial
By revolvi ng the d ial , it is possible to adjust
the speed by turning it to the necessary index
number . The index on the dial s hows the
denominators 1/ 1000 sec., 1/ 15 sec ., etc .
,. The shutter speed dial does not revolve be ·
tween the inde xes "X " and " B ''.
12
• Set the i ndex at the position where the click
stop catches .
• "B" means bulb exposure. The shutter,
which remains open during the pressing of the
shutter release button, is employed when mak·
i ng exposures of more than one second.
In case of" B" index, adjust it to the white dot
just below the "B" index.
,. When it is necessary to make an exposure
over an extended ti me , first set it at " B " . Keep
the shutter release button pressed , turn the
time lock lever to " L". In this case , even if
the finger is removed, the exposure continues.
When the lever is returned to " A" , the shutter
closes .
,. Time ex posure is possible also by using the
lock-attached cable release .
• The "X" index is used for synchronizing a
speedlight. Although the shutter speed is 1/60
sec., actually it is equivalent to a very short
exposure during the flash time of the speed light .
Lens Ape rt ure
The adjustment of the quantity of light and
depth -of -field are made by turning the pre -set
aperture ring to adjust the desired f / stop to
the index .
• As the numerical value of the f/ stop gets
larger, the amount of light reaching the film
becomes correspondingly less . For each f / stop
the light is reduced one -half . Accordingly , when
the aperture is increased by one index point , the
exposure is doubled , and when it is increased
by two index points the exposure is quadrupled .
.. The aperture ring can also be set to intermediate values.
• Depending on the lens , there are instances
where there is no r el at ion to the lightness be ing halved betw ee n the ma ximum diameter of
the aperture and the ne xt aperture reading .
• The ratio between the aperture and the
amount of exposure, using f / 2 as the ba sis,
is as follows :
Lens Aperture
l.2 l.4 l.8 2
Exposu re Ratio
2 l.25 1
3
2.8 3.5
1/2
4
5 .6
8
11
16
22
1/3 1/4 1/8 1/16 1/32 1/64 1/128
13
Index
Index
Relation Between the Mirror, Diaphragm, and Shutter
Pre-set
Aperture Ring
Pre-set
Aperture Ring
11:1
Manual
Aperture Ring
Th e .shutter is clicked.
A · M Ring
Pre-Set Aperture
Dept h-of-Field
and
Checking
of
Le ns with A-M Ring
Pre -Setting of Aperture : Set the A·M ring at
" A" . Then set the desired F stop on the
pre -set aperture ring to the index. The dia ·
phragm will close down to the pre -set F stop
only for the instant that the shutter is releas·
ed . Except for the instant that the shutter is
released, the diaphragm will remain fully open .
Manually Operated Aperture : When the A·M
ring is set at " M " the diaphragm closes down
to the pre -set F stop. In this way the depth ·
of.field at the time of shutter release can be
checked. When the A·M ring is reset at " A" the
diaphragm again returns to maximum opening.
1
2
14
Lens with Manual Aperture Ring
Pre -Setting of Aperture : Set the desired
F stop on the pre -set aperture ring to t he
index . Then set the i ndex of the man ual aper·
ture ring to this pre -set F stop . The dia ·
phragm will close down to the pre-set F stop
only for the instant that the shutter is released .
Manually Operated Aperture : When the
manual aperture ring is t urned in the direc·
tion of closing down the diaphragm, after setting
the desired F stop on the pre -set aperture ring
to the index, the diaphragm will close down to
the pre-set F stop and the depth -of.fie ld can
be checked . The manual aperture ring can ·
not be turned when set at maximum aperture
opening.
• Refer to pages 34.35 concerning depth -of.field .
1
2
0 -0-0-0- 0
Press the shutter release button
Th e diaphragm
begins to close.
Closed down to
pre -set posi tion .
The diaphragm
begins to open .
Th e diaphragm i.s fully opened.
c9-r:9 -c9~ - ~
•
Mirror begins to sna p up.
\
Mirror is up.
Mirror beeins to return.
Mirr or retu rns to
former posi tion.
15
ASA Film Speed Indicator
Window
DIN Film Speed Indicator
Window
Lift up the outer
film speed set ring
and turn .
How to Use Built-In Exposure Meter
The exposure meter of the Canon FT QL which
is of the zero-method type, is coupled to the
shutter dial and aperture ring . The exact
exposure is easily determined according to the
brightness of the subject to be photographed .
There are two ways of determining the ex posure-either by first selecting the shutter
speed or by first selecting the f/ stop.
Film Speed Setting
Show the film speed of the film used in the
small window. To do this, hold up and turn
the film speed set ring around the shutter speed
dial. If the film is ASA 100, for example, make
correct setting by showing 100 in the window.
16
it When ASA 25 appears in the small window ,
this is as far as it turns to the left. The right
turn extremity ( • index) reads ASA 2000 .
it The following film speeds may be used :
(32) (40) (64) (80)
ASA
DIN
(125) (160 )
25 · · 50 · · 100 ·
15· ·18· · 21 ·
(16) (17) (19) (20)
(640) (1000) (1250)
(250) (320)
(500)
- 200 · · 400 ·
· 24 · · 27·
(22 ) (23)
(2000'
(25) (26)
(28)
• 800 • • 1600 .
30 .
(29)
.
(31) (32)
33 .
(34)
Figures in parentheses represent intermediate
film speeds .
it The film speeds are shown either on the
film box cover or on the explanatory sheet.
CdS Actuating Lever
The exposure meter can be set into measuring
condition by turning the CdS actuating lever
towards the lens.
The CdS actuating lever can be fixed by turning
it towards the lens after setting the lock lever
at "L" position . If the lock lever is returned
to its original position ( ·index) the CdS actuating lever will return to its original position .
it With the fixing of the CdS actuating lever ,
interchangeable lenses with especially long
focal lengths can be conveniently used. Also
when shooting subjects with different light
intensities , continuous photometry is possible.
How to Measure the Average
Brightness
The exposure meter on the Canon FT QL is of
the spot reading type which accurately measures any special spot of the subject. Therefore,
when measuring a subject with greatly differing
dark and bright parts, take two measurements ,
one each of the dark and bright parts. Then
obtain the average value and set the f / stop or
shutter speed accordingly.
17
~~
.~
.
1.---...,...
--~
I
.....
•
..
\
t.J
@]
Exposure Setting- Shutter Speed Priority Method
1
Set the sh utter at a desired speed .
Face the camera towards the photographic
subject, look into the viewfinder , and press
the lever fully .
Either keep pressing the lever or lock the
lever and turn the aperture ring .
Set the meter needle at the o index within
the viewfinder for correct exposure .
• Canon's TTL system has been adopted in the ·
Canon FT QL which provides the most accurate
photometry. Under this system, the CdS photo·
cell of the built-in meter is placed in the closest
position to the two-way -mirror condenser lens.
2
3
4
18
0
-0--
• The rectangular frame on the outside of the
prism screen within the viewfinder is the same
size as the CdS light receiving area of the CdS
photocell. Place the center of the photographic
subject within this frame and measure the
intensity of light. In this way the photographer
can decide the best exposure for his photographic needs . The TTL system makes possible
the measuring of exposures in counter -light
conditions.
• Measurement at "B" and "X" of the shutter
dial is not possible with the exposure meter
because " B" is used for long exposures over
one second , and " X" is used for speedlight.
@]
-0---
Exposure Setting-f/Stop Priority Method
1 Set the lens aperture at the desired f /stop.
Face the camera towards the photographic
2 subject,
look into the viewfinder, and press
the CdS actuating lever.
pressing or locking the CdS actuating
3 While
lever , turn the shutter dial.
Set the meter needle at the " o" index within
4 the
viewfinder for correct exposure.
.. Intermediate positions on the shutter speed
dial scale cannot be used, but since any aperture
may be utilized , the shutter speed should first
be determined when strictly considering the
exposure. It is most practical to adjust the
aperture according to this.
• During the use of the meter , there are in stances of the movement of the needle becoming slack, owing to changes in the degree of
light, but this is due to the characteristics of
the CdS.
• When taking pictures against the light, always
use a lens hood.
.. When the subject is too bright or too dark and
is outside the range of the built-in exposure
meter , the meter needle will point to the top
or bottom zones and will indicate that proper
exposure cannot be obtained . Refer to "Acceptable Range of Built-In Exposure Meter" ori
the following page .
19
Acceptable Range of Built-In Exposure Meter
The built-in exposure meter couples to the fol lowing range off/ stops and shutter speeds with
respective film speeds. When using the Canon
Lens FL 50 mm F 1.4 II and ASA 100 film, for
Film Speed
ASA
DIN
example , the exposure meter couples fully
within the range of f/ 1.4 at 1/ 4 sec. ( EV 3 J and
f/ 16 at 1/ 1000 sec. (EV 18).
J
Shutter Speed
25
15
1
1/ 2
1/ 4
1/ 8
1/ 15
1/ 3 0
1/ 60
1/ 125
1/ 250
------
J
I
ASA
DIN
50
18
1/ 2
1/ 4
1/ 8
1/ 15
1/30
1/ 60
1/ 125
1/ 250
1/ 500
ASA
DIN
100
21
1/ 4
1/ 8
1/ l 5
1/ 30
1/ 60
1/ 125
1/ 250
1/ 500
1; 1ooo j
ASA
DIN
200
24
1/ 8
1/ 15
1/ 30
1/ 60
1/ 125
1/ 250
1/ 500
1/ 1000
...
ASA
DIN
400
27
1/ 15
1/ 125
1/ 250
1/ 500
1/ 1000
.. .
...
1/ 250
1/ 500
1/ 1000
...
. . .
. ..
-
"
------
1/ 30
Focusing
1/ 60
------
ASA
DIN
800
30
1/ 30
1/ 60
1/ 125
------
ASA
DIN
1600
33
1/ 60
1/ 125
1/ 250
1/ 500
1/ 1000
...
. ..
. ..
. ..
ASA
DIN
2000
34
1/ 125
1/ 250
1/ 500
1/ 1000
...
...
...
. ..
. ..
f/ 1-22
f/ 1-22 1 f / 1-22
f/ stops
20
I
f/ 1-22 1f/ 1-22 1f/ 1-22 1f/ l-22
J
f/ 1-22 1 f/ 1-16
While looking through the viewfinder, rotate the
focusing ring. It is in focus when the images
within the circle in the center of the viewfinder
coincide and the unclear images become clear .
• An optical curve is sometimes visible in the
lower part of the viewfinder according to the
angle of the light entering the viewfinder. This
is a reflection of the two-way mirror added onto
the condenser lens in the TTL exposure
measurement system and is not a mechanical
defect.
• The center of the viewfinder (circular section )
is a prism screen type rangefinder for focusing
made up of microscopic prisms.
Out of focus
In focus
21
1
J
Holding the Camera
• Eyesight adjustment lenses are available as
optional attachment. When an eyesight adjustment lens is attached to the eyepiece , those
who are far -sighted or near-sighted can take
pictures without glasses . Four d ifferent diopters of + 1.5, 0, - 2 .5 and - 4 are available .
Composition and Viewfinder
The exact picture image to be photographed on
the film can be seen on the ground glass with out any parallax . It is possible to determine the
composition exactly according to the viewfinder .
• Waist-Level Viewer 2 can be attached to
the eyepiece , for copying, macrophotography
and microphotography. In this case, the image
is reversed between left and right .
Holding the camera firmly is very important
in order to take a clearly focused picture. Hold
the camera in a vertical or horizontal position
... look through the viewfinder and focus . Then
press the shutter release button gently. The
following steps are important.
Hold the camera snugly in both hands.
The camera should be pressed firmly to
your cheek or forehead .
\ 1
J 2
Hold your breath and press the shutter
release button with a smooth, steady stroke.
If not done in this manner , you will have a
blurred picture.
3
• It is recommended to use the tripod and
cable release , especially when using a slow
shutter speed below 1/ 30 sec .
When the camera is in a horizontal position, both elbows should be firmly pressed
against the body, and at least one elbow should
be resting against the body when in a vertical
position .
22
23
' - - - - - - -- Q L Cover
' - -- - - - - Sp ro c ket Window
' - - - - - - - QL Shaft
' - -- - - - - -- Film Set Mark
'
Sprocket
' - - -- - - - - -- - - - - - -----Cartridge Compartment
Direction in which film is placed
(emulsified surface facing the back of the lens)
Film Loading
Canon FT QL accepts any standard 3 5mm film
i n cartridge for daylight loading . When loading
a new film , avoid direct sunlight.
• When repacking a long-wound film for dark·
room loading into the ordinary cartridge, trim
the end of the leader in between the perfora tions .
1
Open the back cover.
Rai se the back cover lock, make a half
turn to the left, and the cover will rise. Open
the back cover fully . When the back cover is
opened, the QL cover also opens simultaneously
and is ready for loading the film .
• The QL cover automatically opens and closes
together with the opening and closing of the
24
bac k cover.
Do not touch the QL cover.
Insert cartridge .
Raise the rewinding knob all the way. When
the cartridge has been inserted . push the knob
back to its former position again. Push the
fork into the axis of the cartridge. In case the
knob does not fully return , it can be easily put
into proper position by turning it slightly to the
le ft or right.
2
Set film tip to the red mark.
Face the cartridge as shown in the picture
and hold the film down with the left hand so
that it does not rise .
3
25
When the back cover is half-closed, the
QL cover presses down on the film . Check
through the sprocket window whether the film
has been engaged correctly onto the gear .
4
Close the back cover.
Press down to prevent the cover from rising,
then turn the back cover lock clockwise to close.
Fold down the rewinding crank .
• If the film is sagging , the cartridge will rise
and the back cover will not close .
5
Make three blank shots.
Leave the lens cap on and advance the film
three times, each time releasing the shutter.
The film counter will advance from the "S"
mark to "0 ". With one more advance, the
camera will be ready for the first shot.
6
26
Setting the Film Speed
Checking Correct Film Loading
When loading the film, be sure to set the film
speed in the window of the shutter speed dial.
Refer to page 16 for settin g the fi Im spe ed .
The film is properly loaded and transported if
the rewind knob rotates when the film advance
lever is wound . If the rewind knob does not
rotate , it means the film was not loaded properly . If such is ·the case , take out the film,
as illustrated on the followin g page, and reload
the film .
27
Film Rewinding
Since no further winding is possible when the
film has reached the end , rewind the film im mediately into the cartridge . As the exposed
film is naked within the camera, the entire
roll will be exposed and ruined if the cover is
opened before rewinding .
1
2
Press in the rewinding button.
Rewind with crank.
Raise the rewind crank , turn the crank in
the direction of the arrow , and return the film
into the cartridge. When the rewindi ng button
stops revolving and rewinding resistance be comes light, immediately stop rewinding .
28
Photography Using Self· Timer
3
Open the back cover.
Remove the cartridge.
Raise the rewind knob completely and re·
move the cartridge .
4
.. Once the rewinding button has been pressed,
the finger may be removed. The button will
return automatically when the lever is wound .
.. If winding is continued after the film is at
its end, the film will come loose from the cartridge spool or tear and rewinding will become
impossible . If this happens, open the back
cover in a completely dark room .
Wind the shutter. Turn the self.timer lever in
the direction of the arrow and press the shutter release button . The shutter will be actuated
approximately 10 seconds later.
•
• The self-timer lever can be used as a CdS
actuating lever as soon as it returns to its
original position.
Be sure to wind the self.timer completely .
• Be sure to wind the shutter . If this is neglected and only the self.timer is wound and
the shutter release button pressed , the self-timer
will act but the shutter will not be actuated.
29
Insert the flash unit
into the accessory shoe.
Pre·set Aperture Lever
Uses of Lenses
Flash Synchronization
By connecting the cord of the flash unit or
speedlight to the flash socket , it is possible
to synchronize the following shutter speeds.
.. A lens hood should be attached when taking
flash pictures.
.. The flash socket is the Continental (JIS-B)
type.
Fla s h
Bulb
FP c la ss
M class
MF class
Speedlight
Changing Lenses
Scope of Synchronization
1000 500 250 125 60 30 15 8 4 2
1 B
x
ooooxoooooox
x x x xxxoooooox
x x x xxxoooooox
x x x xxoooooooo
0
x markings cannot be used.
30
In removing the lens from the camera , after
turning the bayonet ring of the lens to the left,
take out the lens .
In mounting the lens , match the red dot of
t he lens to the red dot on the camera mount.
Turn the bayonet rin g to th e right and fasten .
.. When mounting, turn the bayonet ring of the
lens sufficiently to the left and coincide the
red dot and g uide pin of the lens.
.. Do not chan ge your lenses in strong light.
When chan gi ng your lenses have the replacement lens at hand . Then quickly change the
le nses in the shad e.
.. There is a pre-set aperture lever at the back
end of the lens which opens and closes the
aperture. When the lens is removed, be sure
to always put on the dust cap so as to protect
the aperture lever .
.. Be sure to unlock the CdS actuating lock
lever when changing the lenses . If the CdS
actuating lever is pressed or the lock lever is in
locked position, the red warning mark appears
inside the camera mount. The pre -set aperture
lever cannot be connected to the coupling part
on the camera body and the pre -set aperture
will not function .
.. When not in use for a long time , protect
the mirror with the flange cap .
31
Distance Sca le
Ind icator
(centr a l
oran g e lin e)
-----Infrared Index " R " - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Distance Scale
Infrared Index "R"
The distance scale indicates the distance be tween the focused subject and the film plane .
The scale is necessary for checking the depth of -field, for infrared photography and flash
photography .
For infrared photography, correction of the
distance scale is necessary because the focal
position deviates a little from ordinary photography .
Make ordinary focusing first, then
adjust that distance scale to the infrared mark
"R " . For instance , if the distance scale reads
!Om after focusing, merely shift the 10 scale
t o " R " po sition .
• The correct position of the scale , where the
distance is a one-digit figure, is in the middle
of the figure; if it is a two ·digit f igure , it is
between the two figures; and if it is a thre edigit fi g ure, it is in the middle of the ce ntral
fi g ure.
32
• The po sition of " R" is scal ed acc ordin g to th e
use of the standard of a film with th e hi g hest
sen sitivity of a wave length of about 800m µ
and infrared filter (for example , KODAK IR
135 film and WRATTEN 87 filter).
Film Plane Mark
The lens distance index is scaled by mea sur ing the distance from the film position. Thus ,
in case the focusing is done by actual measure ment, measure from the film plane ma r k and
transfer this distance to the lens distance index .
• Traces of water bubbles cannot be entirely
removed from glass used for high quality
lenses because of the manufacturing process .
Lens bubbles will not at all affect the sharp ness of the picture.
33
Depth-of-field Scale
The depth -of-field scale indicates the range of
subjects which will be in sharp focus on the
film . This range will vary with the following
factors : The depth -of-field will be deeper the
smaller the lens aperture, the further the distance of the subject, and/ or the shorter the
lens focal length . The depth -of-field will be
shallower the larger the lens aperture , the
nearer the distance of the subject, and / or the
longer the lens focal length .
34
f/8
50mm
Depth -of-field 2.3m-4 .3m
Focused at 3m
0 0
For example, if the lens is 50mm and the
subject has been focused at a distance of 3m ,
with an f /8 aperture, the depth-of-field would be
from approximately 2.3 m to 4 .3m as indicated
on both sides of the distance index.
Lens Mount (FL and R Series Lenses)
f / 16
50mm
Depth -of-field l.9m-7 .6m
Focused at 3m
Similarly, if the aperture is f / 16, the picture
will be sharp between l.9m to 7.6m from the
camera .
This range will vary with the f / stop selected.
• FL series of the Canon lenses have a f eatu re
which lets you see the actual sharp ness through
t he vi ewf inder by turning the manual aperture
ri ng.
As the lens mount for the Ca non FT QL is the
same as for Canon FX . FP , PELL\X and PELL\X
QL , it is possible to use all FL lenses except
the FLP 38mm F 2 .8 lens.
• It is possible to attach and use all th e R
series lenses for CANONFLEX use. However ,
as th e pre -set aperture mechanism differs ,
pictures must be taken with the manu al
aperture.
35
Double Exposure
Fixing Mirror Upwards
In case the Canon Lens FL 19mm F 3.5 is used ,
the mirror should be fixed upwards.
For mounting the lens , turn the mirror lock
lever in the direction of the arrow . The mirror
is thus fixed to a po sition under the focusing
glass . The lens is then attached and used
with the mirror in the fixed -up position.
• Attach the lens quickly in the shade . The
film will sometimes become foggy if the lens
is left unattached.
• Wh en the mirror is locked , combined usage
of the separate viewfinder for this lens becomes
necessary .
36
Do not use the mirror lock for ordinary photog raphy with the automatic aperture.
When its use becomes necessary , however ,
release the pre -set aperture and take the pictures under "manual" conditions .
• When the mirror is locked, always keep the
lens covered when not in use . If it is turned
in the direction of the sun without the cap,
there is the danger of the diaphragm of the
shutter being burned .
• After the mirror lock device has been used ,
be sure to return the mirror lock lever completely to its original position . Failure to do
this will result in inexact focusing.
Under ordinary usage , there is no danger of
double exposure.
However, double exposure
can be made by the following steps :
4
Next, wind the film advance lever while
lightly holding the rewinding crank.
When resistance is felt on the rewinding crank,
stop the winding.
the first exposure has been made ,
1 When
Wind the film advance lever once more.
press the rewinding button .
5
By repeating the above process , it is
Rewind the film with the rewinding crank
possible to make any number of exposures on
2 by watching the mark on the rewinding the same film plane . The film counter will ,
button carefully .
Stop rewinding when the mark ha s made
3/ 4 turning , i.e. , 270 °. Be sure not to
ex ceed one turn of the rewinding button.
3
however , continue to advance with each ex posure.
37
Various types of 48mm (for FL 50mm F 1.8)
and 55mm (for FL 50mm F 3 .5 . F 1.411 ,
58mm F 1.2) screw-in type filters are available
for special effects in both color and black and
white photography . The exposure meter for
the Canon FT QL is the most advanced TTL
system and so there is absolutely no necessity
for compensation of exposure factor .
Filters
UV (S L 39 .3C)
for color and black and white
Yl (SY 44.2C)
Y3 (SY 50.2C)
01 (SO 56.2C)
Rl (SR 60 .2C)
}
for bla ck
a nd white
Gl (MG 55C)
Skylight } for color and
ND4
black and white
NDB
CCA4
CCAB
CC A (12 equiv. ) ) for color
CC B4
CC BB
CCB (12 equ iv. )
·Absorbs only ultra-violet rays . Especially effect ive at seaside, hi gh
mountains where there is much ultra-violet rays . Recommended for use
in color photography.
·Increases contrast of black and white film . Enhances c louds , darkening
the blue sky. Brightens red and yellow .
·Darkens blue, increases yellow and red volume perceptibly . Good for
contrasts in distant landscapes .
·Makes strong contrasts. Renders day al most into night. May al so be
used with infrared film.
·Prevents red from turning radically into white. Li ghtens sky and face
appropriately, and reflects the li ght ness of fre s h greenery .
· Acts to harmonize the blue sky and shade.
·ND 4 reduces light values by 1/ 4. ND 8 by 1/ 8 . No effects on the rep ro duction of colors of color film .
·For use with daylight type film u nd er the cloud .
·For u se with universa l type (color negative) film under the c loud or tun gsten type film under the morning sun or sunset.
·For use w ith tungsten type film under su nlight.
·For use with daylight type film under the morning s un or sun set.
· For use with daylight type film and c lear fla sh bulb .
·For use with daylight type film under tungsten light.
Proper Care of the Canon FT OL
Moisture and dust are harmful to your camera .
It should be taken out into the fresh air from
ti me ·to time. If your camera is to be stored
fo r a long time; it should be removed from its
case, and silica gel or another drying agent
shou Id be . placed alongside it.
dust on the lens or brush lightly with a l:lrush.
If you should inadvertently get a fingerprint on
your Jens , use a little pure alcohol or ether on
lens cleaning ti ss ue, then wrap the tissue
around a matchstick and wipe the lens lightly
in a circular motion .
When you use your camera on a rainy day, or
at the beach, moisture and salt air adhere to
it , w hich can result in stains, rust , and corro si on . Use a ·soft brush to rid the body of dust
and a soft dry cloth for wipin g :
• In extremely cold areas , expose the camera
to the outer air only when in use. When using,
expose the camera grad ually to the outer air
to prevent the lens from clo uding.
Cl eaning of the Le.ns
Use a blower with a rubber ball to blow away
38
• In hot climates, do not leave the camera
inside closed automobi les during the daytime
or in direct sunli g ht. It is not good for the
CdS meter.
39
f-
-
--·.
Canon Booster
'.
A separately available Canon Booster is an
auxiliary meter that is attached to the FT QL
and PELLIX QL for measuring the subjects
under dim lighting conditions .
'"
Canon Zoom Lens FL 85-300mm F 5
Interchangeable Lenses and Accessories
A wide range of interchangeable lenses from
19mm to lOOOmm and various accessories
are available to further enhance your Canon
FT QL.
Canon Interchangeable Lenses
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
40
19mm
28mm
35mm
35mm
50mm
50mm
50mm
55mm
85mm
F 3.5R
F 3.5
F2.5
F3.5
F 3.5
F 1.8
F 1.4 II
F 1.2
F 1.8
FL lOOmm
FL 135mm
FL 200mm
R 300mm
R 400mm
R 600mm
R 800mm
R lOOOmm
F 3.5
F2.5
F 3 .5
F4
F 4 .5
F 5.6
F8
F 11
Technical Data
r
Canon Zoom Lenses
The new Canon zoom lenses are the high per·
formance zoom lenses with fully automatic
pre -set type diaphragm designed specially for
the owners of the Canon FT QL.
FL 55-135mm F 3 .5
FL 85-300mm F 5
New "Compact Series" Lenses
FL 135mm F 3 .5
FL 200mm F 4 .5
FL 100-200mm F 5 .6 (zoom )
Light Measuring Range: Using ASA 100 film;
EV 2 .5 1/ 4 sec. - EV- 3.5 15 sec. at f/ 1.2.
Measuring Method : Zero -method direct read ing type .
Photocell : Utilizes CdS cell of the camera .
Exposure Time Dia l : In the case of FT QL ;
30 , 15 , 8 , 4 , 2 , 1, 1/ 2 , 1/4 , 1/8 , 1/ 15, 1/ 30 ,
1/ 60 sec.
Power Sources: For operating meter , use two
l.3v M20 (# 625) mercury batteries .
For illumination of meter indicator window, use
one l.3v M20 mercury battery (use the battery
removed from the camera ) .
Battery Check: Can be checked by the switch.
Size : 65 x 54 x39mm (2 Yf" x 2 Ys " x 1 Yf").
Weight: 180 grams (6 oz.).
Viewfinder Eyepiece - -- - - - ------..
Eyesight Adjustment---------~­
Attachment Groove
..
~
Mercury Battery_
Compartment
\
Back Cover
Back Cover Opening Key
........_____
l
..
c
______,.,~··f
Tripod Socket -------~
Accessories
• Filters (48 and 58mm screw- in type l
·Lens Hood
• Flash Quint
·Canon Speedlite 100 , 200
·Flash V-3
·Bellows R
• Canon Release
'I ~
• Wai st -Level Viewer 2
· Bellows FL
· Canon Booster
- Copy Stand 3F
·Canon Photomicro Unit F
·Handy Stand F
· 58mm Close -Up Lens 240, 450 , 1800
• Camera Holder R4 -2
Rewinding Button--- - - --
'-
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