This manual should be considered a permanent part

This manual should be considered a permanent part
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This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain
with the motorcycle when it is resold.
This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda
Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
2005 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
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2006
Honda CBR1000RR
OWNER’S MANUAL
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Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
motorcycle.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your motorcycle and how it works.
To protect your investment, we urge you
to take responsibility for keeping your
motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
Introduction
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section,
and both an in-depth table of contents and
an index at the back of the book.
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
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Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 227 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important production information.
Introduction
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A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely
is an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the motorcycle.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
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A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Motorcycle Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
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Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Motorcycle Safety ............................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.
Instruments & Controls ..................... 9
The location and function of indicators,
gauges, and controls on your
motorcycle and operating instructions
for various controls and features.
Contents
Before Riding ...................................... 45
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your motorcycle are ready
to ride, and important information about
loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 55
How to start and stop the engine, shift
gears, and brake. Also, riding
precautions and important information
about riding with a passenger or cargo.
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Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 71
Why your motorcycle needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance and
adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 165
How to store and transport your
motorcycle and how to be an
environmentally-responsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 171
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 201
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 223
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 232
Table of Contents ............................... 234
Sequential listing of topics in this
owner’s manual.
Index..................................................... 240
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
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Motorcycle Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
motorcycle safely. Please take a few
moments to read these pages. This section
also includes information about the
location of safety labels on your
motorcycle.
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Accessories & Modifications ................... 5
Safety Labels ............................................ 7
Motorcycle Safety
1
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Important Safety Information
Your motorcycle can provide many years
of service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider most important.
2
Motorcycle Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 46 ).
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Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Because many accidents involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a certified course
approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 48 .
Ride Defensively
The most frequent motorcycle collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
motorcycle. Another common situation is
a car moving suddenly into your lane.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and
Practice Guide, which came with your
new motorcycle (USA only).
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see motorcycles
because they are not looking for them. To
make yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Motorcycle Safety
3
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Important Safety Information
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond
your personal abilities or faster than
conditions warrant. Remember that
alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can
significantly reduce your ability to make
good judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
4
Motorcycle Safety
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your motorcycle
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your motorcycle before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 53 ), and
do not modify your motorcycle (page 6 )
or install accessories that would make
your motorcycle unsafe (page 5 ).
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Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using nonHonda accessories can make your
motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider
making any modifications or adding an
accessory, be sure to read the following
information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
genuine Honda accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
Motorcycle Safety
5
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Accessories & Modifications
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the motorcycle’s
electrical system capacity (page 209 ).
A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights
or engine power (page 194 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
motorcycle. This motorcycle was not
designed for these attachments, and
their use can seriously impair your
motorcycle’s handling.
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your
motorcycle in any way that would change
its design or operation. Such changes
could seriously impair your motorcycle’s
handling, stability, and braking, making it
unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
motorcycle illegal.
6
Motorcycle Safety
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Safety Labels
Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause
serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and
don’t remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Motorcycle Safety
7
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Safety Labels
〈For USA〉
〈For Canada〉
8
Motorcycle Safety
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Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
motorcycle.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Operation Component Locations ........... 11
Gauges, Indicators & Displays............... 14
Multi-function Display....................... 22
Coolant Temperature Meter ............... 23
PGM-FI Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)... 25
Low Oil Pressure Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)... 26
Coolant Temperature Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)... 27
HESD Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)... 28
Speedometer ....................................... 29
Odometer ............................................ 29
Tripmeter A & B ................................ 31
Digital Clock ...................................... 32
(cont’d)
Instruments & Controls
9
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Instruments & Controls
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Changing the Speed and Mileage
Unit ..................................................... 34
Changing the Temperature Unit ........ 35
Presetting the Shift Indicator and
Selecting the Display.......................... 36
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................... 39
Start Button ......................................... 40
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 40
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 41
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 41
Horn Button ........................................ 42
RESET Button .................................... 42
SEL Button ......................................... 43
HESD (Honda Electronic
Steering Damper) ............................... 44
10
Instruments & Controls
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Operation Component Locations
ignition switch
headlight dimmer switch
engine stop switch
clutch lever
front brake lever
turn signal switch
throttle grip
horn button
start button
Instruments & Controls
11
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Operation Component Locations
storage compartment for U-shaped lock
helmet holder
rear brake pedal
12
Instruments & Controls
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Operation Component Locations
shift lever
Instruments & Controls
13
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
The gauges, indicators and displays on
your motorcycle keep you informed, alert
you to possible problems, and make your
riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to
the gauges, indicators and displays
frequently. Their functions are described
on the following pages.
(5)
(4)
(6)
(3)
(7)
(2)
(8)
(9)
(1)
(13) (12)
14
(11)
(10)
Instruments & Controls
(1) fuel reserve indicator
(2) neutral indicator
(3) left turn signal indicator
(4) tachometer
(5) shift indicator
(6) tachometer red zone
(7) right turn signal indicator
(8) high beam indicator
(9) malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
(10) multi-function display
(11) odometer/tripmeter display
(12) RESET button
(13) SEL button
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Lamp Check
Meter Check
The malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
comes on when you turn the ignition
switch ON so you can check that it is
working. The indicator remains on until
after the engine is started. The indicator is
identified in the table on page 18 with the
words: Lamp Check.
The tachometer needle will swing to the
end of the red zone once when you turn
the ignition switch ON.
When applicable, the high beam and
neutral indicators come on when you turn
the ignition switch ON and remain on until
you select the low beam or shift out of
neutral.
The meter is identified in the table on page
17 with the words: Meter Check.
If the tachometer needle does not swing to
the end of the red zone when it should,
have your Honda dealer check for
problems.
If one of these indicators does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for problems.
Instruments & Controls
15
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Display Check
When the ignition switch is turned ON, the
multi-function display ( 1 ) and odometer/
tripmeter display ( 2 ) will temporarily
show all the modes and digital segments
so you can make sure the liquid crystal
display is functioning properly.
(2)
(1)
The displays are identified in the table on
pages 19 − 20 with the words: Display
Check.
If any part of these displays does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for problems.
16
Instruments & Controls
(1) multi-function display
(2) odometer/tripmeter display
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
1
fuel reserve indicator
(amber)
When this indicator comes on while riding, fuel
reserved in the tank is about:
2
3
Lights when the transmission is in neutral.
Flashes when the left turn signal operates.
4
neutral indicator (green)
left turn signal indicator
(amber)
tachometer
5
shift indicator (amber)
6
tachometer red zone
0.92 US gal (3.5 )
Shows engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).
Meter Check.
Flashes when the tachometer needle enters in the red
zone or reaches your selected shift point (page 36 ).
Shows excessive engine rpm range (indicated from
the beginning of the tachometer red zone) in which
operation may damage the engine. Do not let the
tachometer needle enter the red zone.
Instruments & Controls
17
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
7
8
9
18
right turn signal
indicator (amber)
high beam indicator
(blue)
malfunction indicator
lamp (MIL) (red)
Instruments & Controls
Flashes when the right turn signal operates.
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
Lights when PGM-FI (Programmed Fuel Injection)
system is abnormal, coolant is over the specified
temperature, engine oil pressure is below normal
operating range, and/or HESD (Honda Electronic
Steering Damper) is abnormal. If the indicator lights,
pull safely to the side of the road. (pages 25 − 28 ).
Lamp Check. See pages 191 − 193 for instructions
and cautions.
05/11/25 12:15:15 31MEL620_028
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
10
multi-function display
PGM-FI indicator/low
oil pressure indicator/
coolant temperature
indicator/HESD
indicator
speedometer
digital clock
coolant temperature
meter
The display includes the following functions:
Display Check.
Lights the PGM-FI indicator, low oil pressure
indicator, coolant temperature indicator and/or
HESD indicator to notify that there is abnormality in
the PGM-FI (Programmed Fuel Injection) system,
engine oil pressure, coolant temperature and/or
HESD (Honda Electronic Steering Damper) when
the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) lights.
See pages 25 − 28 .
Shows riding speed in miles or kilometers per hour
(page 29 ).
Shows hour and minute (page 32 ).
Shows coolant temperature (page 23 ).
Fahrenheit (°F) or Centigrade (°C).
Instruments & Controls
19
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
11
20
odometer/tripmeter
display
odometer
tripmeter A & B
Instruments & Controls
The display includes the following functions:
Display Check.
Shows the total miles or kilometers ridden (page 29 ).
Shows the number of miles or kilometers ridden
since you last reset the meter. The tripmeter has two
sub modes, ‘‘A’’ and ‘‘B.’’ To zero (0) the tripmeter,
push and hold the RESET button (page 31 ).
05/11/25 12:15:30 31MEL620_030
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
12
RESET button
13
SEL button
Use this button for the following purposes:
To adjust time (page 32 )
To reset tripmeter (page 31 )
To change unit of the speedometer, odometer and
tripmeter (page 34 )
To change the setting of the shift indicator and
selection of the display (pages 36 − 38 )
To change unit of the temperature meter (USA only)
(page 35 )
To display the total mileage of the odometer when you
drive 100,000 miles (kilometers) or more (page 30 )
Use this button for the following purposes:
To adjust time (page 32 )
To change display of tripmeter A and B (page 31 )
To change unit of the speedometer, odometer and
tripmeter (page 34 )
To change the setting of the shift indicator and
selection of the display (pages 36 − 38 )
To change unit of the temperature meter (USA only)
(page 35 )
Instruments & Controls
21
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Multi-function Display
(3)
(6)
(7) (8)
(4) (5)
The multi-function display ( 1 ) includes
the following functions:
low oil pressure indicator
coolant temperature indicator
PGM-FI indicator
HESD indicator
speedometer
digital clock
coolant temperature meter
The odometer/tripmeter display ( 2 )
includes the following functions:
odometer
tripmeter
The digital clock will reset if the battery is
disconnected.
22
Instruments & Controls
(9)
(10)
(11)
(2)
(1)
(1) multi-function display
(2) odometer/tripmeter display
(3) tripmeter
(4) odometer
(5) coolant temperature meter
(6) digital clock
(7) speedometer
(8) HESD indicator
(9) low oil pressure indicator
(10) PGM-FI indicator
(11) coolant temperature indicator
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Temperature Display
Coolant Temperature Meter
The coolant temperature meter ( 1 ) shows
the coolant temperature digitally.
USA : Fahrenheit (°F), or
Centigrade (°C).
Canada : Centigrade (°C).
Below
94 °F (34 °C)
Between
95 °F − 270 °F
(35 °C − 132 °C)
Above
270 °F (132 °C)
‘‘--’’ is displayed
Actual coolant
temperature is
displayed.
The display remains
‘‘270 °F (132 °C)’’
〈Fahrenheit (°F)〉
〈Centigrade (°C)〉
(1)
(1) coolant temperature meter
Instruments & Controls
23
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Overheating Message:
When the coolant temperature reaches
252°F (122°C), the numbers in the
temperature display start flashing. At the
same time, the coolant temperature
indicator ( 2 ) and the malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL) ( 3 ) light.
If this occurs, stop the engine and check
the reverse tank coolant level. Read pages
111 −114 and do not ride the motorcycle
until the problem has been corrected.
〈Fahrenheit (°F)〉
〈Centigrade (°C)〉
(3)
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
(2)
(2) coolant temperature indicator
(3) malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
24
Instruments & Controls
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
PGM-FI Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)
The PGM-FI indicator ( 1 ) and the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) ( 2 )
light when there is any abnormality in the
PGM-FI (Programmed Fuel Injection)
system.
(2)
(1)
The PGM-FI indicator should also go on
for a few seconds and then go off when
the ignition switch is turned ON and the
engine stop switch at RUN.
If the PGM-FI indicator and the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) light at
any other time, reduce speed and take your
motorcycle to a Honda dealer as soon as
possible.
(1) PGM-FI indicator
(2) malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
Instruments & Controls
25
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Low Oil Pressure Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)
The low oil pressure indicator ( 1 ) and the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) ( 2 )
light when engine oil pressure is low
enough to cause engine damage.
If the low oil pressure indicator and the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) light,
pull safely to the side of the road.
See page 193 for instructions and cautions.
(2)
The low oil pressure indicator and the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) should
also light when the ignition switch is
turned ON. The malfunction indicator
lamp (MIL) and the low oil pressure
indicator stay on until after the engine is
started.
(1)
(1) low oil pressure indicator
(2) malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
26
Instruments & Controls
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Coolant Temperature Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)
The coolant temperature indicator ( 1 ) and
the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) ( 2 )
light when the coolant temperature reaches
252°F (122°C). At the same time, the
numbers in the coolant temperature meter
display start flashing.
If this occurs, stop the engine and check
the reserve tank coolant level. Read pages
111 − 114 and do not ride the
motorcycle until the problem has been
corrected.
(2)
(1)
(1) coolant temperature indicator
(2) malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
Instruments & Controls
27
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
HESD Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)
(2)
The HESD indicator ( 1 ) and the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) ( 2 )
light when there is any abnormality in the
HESD (Honda Electronic Steering
Damper).
(1)
The HESD indicator should also go on for
a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON and the
engine stop switch is turned to RUN.
If the HESD indicator and the malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL) light at any other
time, reduce speed and take your
motorcycle to a Honda dealer as soon as
possible.
28
Instruments & Controls
(1) HESD indicator
(2) malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Speedometer
The speedometer ( 1 ) shows riding speed
in miles or kilometers per hour.
Odometer
The odometer ( 2 ) shows the total miles or
kilometers ridden.
(2)
(1)
(1) speedometer
(2) odometer
Instruments & Controls
29
05/11/25 12:16:39 31MEL620_039
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
This meter can display from 0 to 99,999
miles (kilometers). If the display exceeds
99,999 miles (kilometers), it will return to
0 automatically.
Example: the case of 123,000 miles run.
(3)
If you drive 100,000 miles (kilometers) or
more, the total mileage of the odometer
can be displayed in the following ways.
Press and hold the RESET button ( 3 ),
then turn on the ignition switch. Keep the
RESET button pressed in until the initial
display is completed. The 6th digit and the
first 5 digits will alternate in the display
for 10 seconds. Then the display returns to
normal.
30
Instruments & Controls
(3) RESET button
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
(1)
Tripmeter A & B
The tripmeter ( 1 ) shows number of miles
or kilometers ridden since you last reset
the meter.
(4)
(2)
The tripmeter has two sub modes, A ( 2 )
and B ( 3 ).
Push the SEL button ( 4 ) to switch
between the A ( 2 ) and B ( 3 ) modes.
(3)
(5)
To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the
RESET button ( 5 ) with the display in the
tripmeter mode.
(1) tripmeter
(2) tripmeter A
(3) tripmeter B
(4) SEL button
(5) RESET button
Instruments & Controls
31
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Digital Clock
Shows hour and minute. To adjust the time,
proceed as follows:
1. Turn the ignition switch ON.
2. Press and hold both the SEL button ( 1 )
and RESET button ( 2 ) for more than 2
seconds. The clock will be set in the
adjust mode with the hour display
flashing.
(1)
(2)
(1) SEL button
(2) RESET button
32
Instruments & Controls
3. To set the hour, press the RESET button
until the desired hour appears.
Quick setting − press and hold the
RESET button until the desired hour
appears.
4. Press the SEL button when the display
reaches the desired hour.
The minute display will be flashing.
05/11/25 12:17:06 31MEL620_042
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
5. To set the minute, press the RESET
button until the desired minute appears.
Quick setting − press and hold the
RESET button until the desired
minute appears.
6. To end the adjustment, press the SEL
button.
The display will stop flashing
automatically and the adjustment will be
cancelled if the button is not pressed for
about 30 seconds.
As you turn off the ignition switch during
the presetting procedures, the preset data
just before turning off the ignition switch
will be registered.
The clock will be reset 1:00 if the battery
is disconnected.
Instruments & Controls
33
05/11/25 12:17:15 31MEL620_043
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Changing the Speed and
Mileage Unit
This function can be operated after the
time adjustment mode (page 32 ).
The speedometer displays both ‘‘mph’’
and ‘‘km/h.’’
The odometer/tripmeter displays both
‘‘mile’’ and ‘‘km.’’
Push the RESET button ( 1 ) to select
‘‘mph’’/‘‘mile’’ and ‘‘km/h’’/‘‘km.’’
To end the selection, push the SEL button
( 2 ).
The display will stop flashing
automatically if the button is not pressed
for about 30 seconds.
34
Instruments & Controls
As you turn off the ignition switch during
the presetting procedures, the preset data
just before turning off the ignition switch
will be registered.
(2)
(1)
(1) RESET button
(2) SEL button
05/11/25 12:17:24 31MEL620_044
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Changing the Temperature Unit
(USA only)
This function can be operated after the
speed and mileage unit change mode
(page 34 ).
The coolant temperature meter displays
both ‘‘°F’’ (Fahrenheit) and ‘‘°C’’
(Centigrade).
Push the RESET button ( 1 ) to select
‘‘°F’’ or ‘‘°C’’.
To end the selection, push the SEL button
( 2 ).
The display will stop flashing
automatically if the button is not pressed
for about 30 seconds.
As you turn off the ignition switch during
the presetting procedures, the preset data
just before turning off the ignition switch
will be registered.
(2)
(1)
(1) RESET button
(2) SEL button
Instruments & Controls
35
05/11/25 12:17:35 31MEL620_045
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Presetting the Shift Indicator and
Selecting the Display
You may select the rpm activation point
(in the 4,000 rpm to 12,200 rpm range) for
the shift indicator and select the display
used to alert you.
To set the shift indicator:
1. Press and hold the SEL button ( 1 ), then
turn on the ignition switch. Keep the
SEL button pressed in until the initial
display is completed. The tachometer
needle moves to its preset position.
2. Each time you press the RESET button
( 2 ), the tachometer needle ( 3 ) will
move by an increment of 250 rpm. (In
the 12,000 rpm ∼ 12,200 rpm range,
the increment is 200 rpm.)
36
Instruments & Controls
Push and hold the RESET button for more
than 1 second, the tachometer needle will
move by an increment of 1,000 rpm.
When the needle exceeds the allowable
range, it will automatically return to 4,000
rpm.
After completing the selection, press the
SEL button, and proceed to the selecting
the display for the indicator.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) SEL button
(3) Tachometer needle
(2) RESET button
05/11/25 12:17:43 31MEL620_046
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
To select the indicator display:
You may choose from 9 different
indicator displays (page 38 ).
Press the RESET button ( 1 ) repeatedly to
view available displays.
Once you reach the display you want,
press the SEL button ( 2 ). Then turn off
the ignition switch to register your
selection.
(3)
(2)
(1)
(1) RESET button
(2) SEL button
(3) shift indicator
Instruments & Controls
37
05/11/25 12:17:53 31MEL620_047
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Available displays
Light Brightness
Bright
Lighting
Blinking
(Slow)
Blinking
(Fast)
38
Instruments & Controls
Dark
05/11/25 12:18:05 31MEL620_048
Controls & Features
FRONT
(1)
Ignition Switch
OFF
ON
The ignition switch ( 1 ) is used for starting
and stopping the engine (page 57 ) and to
lock the steering for theft prevention (page
66 ). Insert the key and turn it to the right
for the ON position. Push down on the key
and turn it to the left to the LOCK
(steering lock) position.
Key Position
ON
OFF
LOCK
(steering
lock)
Function
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
No electrical circuits
function. Locks the
steering head.
(1) ignition switch
LOCK
To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push down on the key and turn it to the
right to the OFF position.
Instruments & Controls
39
05/11/25 12:18:14 31MEL620_049
Controls & Features
Start Button
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 58 .
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine; the headlight
will automatically go out, but the taillight
will stay on.
The engine will not operate if the engine
stop switch is in the OFF position when
the start button is pushed.
40
Instruments & Controls
Engine Stop Switch
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
OFF
RUN
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF position. The
switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
05/11/25 12:18:22 31MEL620_050
Controls & Features
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
ignition switch ON and the engine stop
switch OFF, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
Headlight Dimmer Switch
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
Turn Signal Switch
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking. To
cancel the light, push the switch in.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
Instruments & Controls
HI
LO
41
05/11/25 12:18:32 31MEL620_051
Controls & Features
Horn Button
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
Also used to change the shift indicator and
its display (pages 36 − 38 ).
Also used to display the total mileage of
the odometer when you drive 100,000
miles (kilometers) or more (page 30 ).
RESET Button
Resets the tripmeter to zero (0) (page 31 ).
Also used to change the speed and mileage
unit for the speedometer/odometer/
tripmeter (page 34 ).
Also used to change the temperature unit
for the coolant temperature meter (page
35 ). (USA only)
42
Instruments & Controls
Also used to set the digital clock (page
32 ).
05/11/25 12:18:40 31MEL620_052
Controls & Features
SEL Button
The SEL button is used to select tripmeter
A or B (page 31 ).
Also used to change the speed and mileage
unit for the speedometer/odometer/
tripmeter (page 34 ).
Also used to change the temperature unit
for the coolant temperature meter (page
35 ). (USA only)
Also used to change the shift indicator and
its display (pages 36 − 38 ).
Also used to set the digital clock (page
32 ).
Instruments & Controls
43
05/11/25 12:18:47 31MEL620_053
Controls & Features
HESD (Honda Electronic
Steering Damper)
This motorcycle is equipped with the
electronically-controlled steering
damper.
The HESD automatically controls the
steering damper characteristics in
accordance with the vehicle speed and
the acceleration.
If the HESD indicator and the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) light
at any other time, reduce speed and take
your motorcycle to a Honda dealer as
soon as possible.
44
Instruments & Controls
(1)
(1) HESD
05/11/25 12:18:52 31MEL620_054
Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your motorcycle, and adjustments to make
for your comfort, convenience, or safety.
This section also includes important
information about loading.
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 46
Protective Apparel .............................. 46
Rider Training .................................... 48
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .... 49
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 49
Load Limits & Guidelines...................... 52
Loading ............................................... 52
Load Limits ........................................ 53
Loading Guidelines ............................ 53
For information about adjusting the
suspension on your Honda, see page 122 .
Before Riding
45
05/11/25 12:19:03 31MEL620_055
Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your motorcycle for the
first time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
If you must carry an extra helmet while
riding, use a commercially-available
elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the
helmet to the seat.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
Make sure your passenger is ready to ride,
too, and is wearing proper gear including a
helmet.
46
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
05/11/25 12:19:12 31MEL620_056
Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker in any helmet you buy (USA only).
Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye
protection, and other protective
apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
47
05/11/25 12:19:19 31MEL620_057
Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your
motorcycle.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other motorcycles, take time to become
familiar with how this motorcycle works
and handles. Practice riding the
motorcycle in a safe area to build your
skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get
accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls,
and feel comfortable with its size and
weight.
48
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a certified
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). New riders should
start with the basic course, and even
experienced riders will find the advanced
course beneficial. For information about
the MSF training course nearest you, call
the national toll-free number: (800) 4469227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
motorcycle (USA only).
05/11/25 12:19:28 31MEL620_058
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your motorcycle and make sure any
problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the motorcycle:
Tires
&
Wheels
Look at the tires. If a tire
appears low, use an air pressure
gauge to check its pressure. Also
look for signs of excessive wear
(page 139 ) or damage to the
tires and wheels.
Chain
Check the condition of the chain.
Adjust slack and lubricate as
needed (page 146 ).
(cont’d)
Before Riding
49
05/11/25 12:19:39 31MEL620_059
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Lights
50
Walk around your
motorcycle and look for
anything that appears
unusual, such as a leak or
loose cable.
Make sure the headlight,
brakelight, taillight, and
turn signals are working
properly.
Before Riding
If you are carrying a passenger or cargo,
also check the following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not
exceed the load limits
(page 53 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is
secure.
Adjustments
Adjust the suspension
(pages 123 , 127 )
according to your load.
05/11/25 12:19:48 31MEL620_060
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
motorcycle:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check
it moves smoothly without
binding.
Brakes
Pull the brake lever and
press on the brake pedal to
check that they operate
normally.
Indicators
If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in
over a week, you should also check other
items, such as the oil level and other fluids.
See Periodic Maintenance (page 79 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal operation
of the indicators (page 14 ).
Before Riding
51
05/11/25 12:19:55 31MEL620_061
Load Limits & Guidelines
Your motorcycle has been designed to
carry you and one passenger. When you
carry a passenger, you may feel some
difference during acceleration and braking.
But so long as you keep your motorcycle
well-maintained, with good tires and
brakes, you can safely carry loads within
the given limits and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your motorcycle’s handling,
braking, and stability. Non-Honda
accessories, improper modifications, and
poor maintenance can also reduce your
safety margin.
52
Before Riding
Loading
How much weight you put on your
motorcycle, and how you load it, are
important to your safety. Anytime you
ride with a passenger or cargo, you should
be aware of the following information.
Overloading or improper loading
can cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
05/11/25 12:20:05 31MEL620_062
Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
Loading Guidelines
Following are the load limits for your
motorcycle:
Your motorcycle is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You
may wish to secure a jacket or other small
items to the seat when you are not riding
with a passenger.
maximum weight capacity:
366 lbs (166 kg)
375 lbs (170 kg) (Canada only)
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.
maximum cargo weight:
31 lbs (14 kg)
The weight of added accessories will
reduce the maximum cargo weight you
can carry.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check
with your Honda dealer for advice, and be
sure to read the information regarding
accessories on page 5 .
Improperly loading your motorcycle can
affect its stability and handling. Even if
your motorcycle is properly loaded, you
should ride at reduced speeds and never
exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying
cargo.
Before Riding
53
05/11/25 12:20:13 31MEL620_063
Load Limits & Guidelines
Follow these guidelines whenever you
carry a passenger or cargo:
Check that both tires are properly
inflated (page 137 ).
If you change your normal load, you
may need to adjust the front suspension
(page 123 ) and the rear suspension
(page 127 ).
To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied
down securely before you ride.
Place cargo weight as low and close to
the center of your motorcycle as
possible.
Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
54
Before Riding
05/11/25 12:20:19 31MEL620_064
Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch,
and brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with a passenger or
cargo.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 212 ).
Calif ornia only:
To protect the catalytic converter in your
motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid
extended idling and the use of leaded
gasoline.
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 56
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 57
Preparation .......................................... 57
Starting Procedure .............................. 58
Flooded Engine................................... 59
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off
System................................................. 59
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 60
Shifting Gears ......................................... 61
Braking ................................................... 63
Parking .................................................... 65
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .......... 70
Basic Operation & Riding
55
05/11/25 12:20:24 31MEL620_065
Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your motorcycle for the first
time, please review the Motorcycle Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on page
45 .
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Calif ornia only:
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when riding,
idling, or parking your motorcycle.
56
Basic Operation & Riding
05/11/25 12:20:35 31MEL620_066
Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust
contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas
which can collect rapidly in an enclosed
area and cause illness or death.
Your motorcycle can be started with the
transmission in gear by pulling in the
clutch lever before operating the starter.
Your motorcycle is equipped with a side
stand ignition cut-off system. If the side
stand is down––the engine cannot be
started unless the transmission is in neutral.
If the side stand is up––the engine can be
started in neutral, or in gear with the
clutch lever pulled in. After starting with
the side stand down, the engine will stop if
the transmission is put in gear before
raising the side stand.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The transmission is in NEUTRAL
(neutral indicator light ON).
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
The malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
is ON.
The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
The PGM-FI indicator is OFF.
The coolant temperature indicator is
OFF.
The HESD indicator is OFF.
Basic Operation & Riding
57
05/11/25 12:20:43 31MEL620_067
Starting & Stopping the Engine
The malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) and
low oil pressure indicator should go off a
few seconds after the engine starts. If the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) and the
low oil pressure indicator light, stop the
engine immediately and check the engine
oil level.
Starting Procedure
This motorcycle has a fuel-injected engine
with an automatic fast idle. Follow the
procedure indicated below.
Any Air Temperature
Press the start button with the throttle
completely closed.
The engine will not start if the throttle is
fully open (because the electronic control
module cuts off the fuel supply).
Even if the engine coolant stays below the
specified temperature, the cooling fan
sometimes starts up running when you rev
up the engine, but this is normal.
58
Basic Operation & Riding
05/11/25 12:20:54 31MEL620_068
Starting & Stopping the Engine
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded with excess
fuel. To clear a flooded engine:
1. Leave the engine stop switch set to
RUN.
2. Open the throttle fully.
3. Press the start button for 5 seconds.
4. Follow the normal starting procedure.
5. If the engine starts, then open the
throttle slightly if idling is unstable.
If the engine does not start, wait 10
seconds, then follow steps
1 − 4 again.
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition
Cut-off System
Your motorcycle’s banking (lean angle)
sensor system is designed to automatically
stop the engine and fuel pump if the
motorcycle is overturned.
Before restarting the engine, you must
turn the ignition switch to the OFF
position and then back to ON. The engine
will not restart until you perform this
procedure.
If the engine still won’t start, refer to If
Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start, page
173 .
Basic Operation & Riding
59
05/11/25 12:21:02 31MEL620_069
Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, shift into neutral and
turn the ignition switch OFF.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
engine stop switch OFF and the ignition
switch ON, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
60
Basic Operation & Riding
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
05/11/25 12:21:12 31MEL620_070
Shifting Gears
shifting pattern
Your motorcycle has six forward gears in
a one-down, five-up shift pattern which is
coordinated with a cable-operated clutch
system.
Learning when to shift gears comes with
experience. Keep the following tips in
mind:
As a general rule, shift while moving in
a straight line.
Close the throttle and pull the clutch
lever in completely before shifting.
Improper shifting may damage the
engine, transmission, and drive train.
Learn to recognize the engagement
point as you release the clutch lever. It
is at this point the transmission of
power to the rear wheel resumes.
Upshift to a higher gear or reduce
throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets
too high. Learn the relationship between
engine sound and the normal shifting
points.
Downshift to a lower gear before you
feel the engine laboring (lugging) at
low rpm.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
61
05/11/25 12:21:22 31MEL620_071
Shifting Gears
Avoid downshifting to help slow your
motorcycle when engine rpm is near its
allowable maximum (near the
tachometer red zone). In this situation,
the rev limiter in the engine ignition
control module may not prevent
excessive engine speed which could
damage the engine.
To prevent transmission damage, do not
coast or tow the motorcycle for long
distances with the engine off.
Recommended Shift Points
Ride in the highest gear that lets the
engine run and accelerate smoothly. This
will give you good fuel economy and
effective emissions control. When
changing gears under normal conditions,
use these recommended shift points:
62
Basic Operation & Riding
Shif ting Up:
From 1st to 2nd:
From 2nd to 3rd:
From 3rd to 4th:
From 4th to 5th:
From 5th to 6th:
12 mph (20 km/h)
19 mph (30 km/h)
25 mph (40 km/h)
31 mph (50 km/h)
37 mph (60 km/h)
Shif ting Down:
From 6th to 5th:
From 5th to 4th:
From 4th to 3rd:
28 mph (45 km/h)
22 mph (35 km/h)
16 mph (25 km/h)
Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops
below 9 mph (15 km/h), when engine
roughness is evident, or when engine
stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st
gear for acceleration.
05/11/25 12:21:29 31MEL620_072
Braking
Your motorcycle is equipped with disc
braking systems which are hydraulically
activated. Depressing the brake pedal
applies the rear disc brake. Operating the
brake lever applies the two front disc
brakes.
As a general rule, the front braking system
provides about 70 percent of total stopping
power.
For full braking effectiveness, use both
the pedal and lever simultaneously.
Using both braking systems will stop
your motorcycle faster with greater
stability.
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed. The increase
in engine compression from downshifting
will help slow your motorcycle.
To prevent stalling the engine, pull the
clutch lever in before coming to a
complete stop. For support, put your left
foot down first, then your right foot when
you are through using the brake pedal.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your motorcycle. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and
brake pedal smoothly, while downshifting
to match your speed.
Basic Operation & Riding
63
05/11/25 12:21:35 31MEL620_073
Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your motorcycle.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 48 ) to retain these skills.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control. For
64
Basic Operation & Riding
your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade,
use engine compression braking by
downshifting, with intermittent use of
both brakes. Continuous brake
application can overheat the brakes and
reduce their effectiveness.
Riding with your foot resting on the
brake pedal or your hand on the brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving
a false indication to other drivers. It
may also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
05/11/25 12:21:44 31MEL620_074
Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm,
especially under the side stand.
If you must park on a hill, leave the
transmission in gear and position the
rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree
angle.
Calif ornia only:
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when
parking your motorcycle. Refer to
Catalytic Converter (Calif ornia Only),
page 219 .
2. Use the side stand to support the
motorcycle while parked.
To lower the side stand, use your foot
to guide it down. Remember that
lowering the side stand with the
transmission in gear will stop the
engine, even if the clutch lever is
pulled in. That is a function of the
side stand ignition cut-off system.
Check that the side stand is down all
the way so that the side stand ignition
cut-off system (page 57 ) is activated.
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the side
stand for support.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
65
05/11/25 12:21:51 31MEL620_075
Parking
FRONT
To lock
(B)
(A)
(1)
(C)
(A)
To unlock
(1) ignition key
66
(A) push in
(B) turn to LOCK
(C) turn to OFF
Basic Operation & Riding
3. Use the steering lock, which locks the
handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar
all the way to the left or right. Push in
on the ignition key ( 1 ) and turn it to
LOCK. Remove the key.
(To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push down on the key and turn it to the
right to the OFF position.)
05/11/25 12:22:02 31MEL620_076
Parking
LEFT REAR
(2)
(4)
Hook the loops of the wire onto the
helmet holder ( 4 ) and install the rear
seat to lock.
Remove the helmet holder wire and
store it in the tool kit when it is not
used.
(3)
(2) helmet holder wire
(3) D-ring
(4) helmet holder
4. Use the helmet holder wire stored in the
tool kit to secure your helmet with your
motorcycle:
Remove the rear seat (page 93 ).
Route either end of the helmet holder
wire ( 2 ) through the helmet’s D-ring
( 3 ).
Riding with a helmet attached to
the holder can interfere with the
rear wheel or suspension and
could cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Use the helmet holder only while
parked. Do not ride with a helmet
secured by the holder.
Basic Operation & Riding
67
05/11/25 12:22:09 31MEL620_077
Parking
Theft-Prevention Tips
Park your motorcycle in a locked
garage whenever possible. If a garage
isn’t available, park in a concealed area
or in a well-lit area with enough
pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 66 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a motorcycle to a
secure object.
68
Basic Operation & Riding
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
The rear fender has a storage
compartment to store a U-shaped lock
under the rear seat. Some U-shaped
locks may not be stored in the
compartment due to their size or design.
05/11/25 12:22:15 31MEL620_078
Parking
UNDER REAR SEAT
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your motorcycle. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.
Basic Operation & Riding
69
05/11/25 12:22:22 31MEL620_079
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo
Your motorcycle is a high-performance
sport model designed to carry you and one
passenger. Whenever you add a passenger
or cargo, you must be careful not to
exceed the total load limits for this vehicle
(Load Limits, page 53 ). Make sure your
cargo is properly secured (Loading
Guidelines, page 53 ).
Also consider adjusting the suspension
(page 122 ) for the extra load.
Be aware that carrying a passenger or
heavy cargo can affect acceleration,
braking, and handling.
70
Basic Operation & Riding
Before riding with a passenger, make sure
your passenger is wearing the proper
protective apparel (page 46 ). Also check
that your passenger is not wearing any
loose apparel that might get caught in the
drive chain.
Tell your passenger to hold the seat strap
or your waist, lean with you in the turns,
and keep their feet on the passenger
footpegs at all times, even when the
motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.
05/11/25 12:22:29 31MEL620_080
Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your motorcycle in good
shape, this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), see page 213 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 74
Maintenance Safety ................................ 75
Important Safety Precautions ............. 76
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 78
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 80
Maintenance Record............................... 85
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 194 .
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
71
05/11/25 12:22:40 31MEL620_081
Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations ...... 87
Tool Kit ................................................... 90
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 91
Seat Removal .......................................... 92
Middle Cowl Removal ........................... 94
Inner Lower Cowl Removal ................... 95
Lower Cowl Removal ............................ 96
Clip Removal .......................................... 97
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 98
Engine Oil & Filter ............................... 101
Coolant.................................................. 111
Engine
Throttle ................................................. 115
Clutch System....................................... 117
Engine Idle Speed................................. 120
Chassis
Suspension ............................................ 122
Brakes ................................................... 131
Tires ...................................................... 137
Side Stand ............................................. 144
Drive Chain........................................... 145
Electrical
Battery................................................... 152
Appearance Care .................................. 157
72
Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:22:55 31MEL620_082
Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
49
Periodic Maintenance
78
Maintenance Schedule
80
*
**
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your motorcycle
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
Servicing Your Honda
73
05/11/25 12:23:01 31MEL620_083
The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained motorcycle will also
help to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your motorcycle before each ride, perform
the periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your motorcycle overturns or is
involved in a crash, be sure your Honda
dealer inspects all major parts, even if you
are able to make some repairs.
74
Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:23:07 31MEL620_084
Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the tools provided with your motorcycle.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
75
05/11/25 12:23:13 31MEL620_085
Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot motorcycle parts. Let
the engine and exhaust system cool
before touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
76
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the motorcycle from
falling over, park it on a firm, level
surface, using the side stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
05/11/25 12:23:17 31MEL620_086
Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your motorcycle best and is fully equipped
to maintain and repair it. To ensure the
best quality and reliability, use only new
genuine Honda parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual (page
224 ).
Servicing Your Honda
77
05/11/25 12:23:22 31MEL620_087
Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 80 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 49 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your motorcycle, or as often as
once a week if you ride frequently or for
long distances. It’s a good idea to perform
this maintenance any time you clean your
motorcycle.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 80 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
78
Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:23:34 31MEL620_088
Periodic Maintenance
Tires
&
Wheels
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Drive Chain
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 137 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 139 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 139 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the
entire surface.
Check the condition of the wheels.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 105 ), coolant (page 112 ),
clutch fluid (page 118 ) and brake fluid (page 133 ). Add the correct
fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid level.
Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 117 ) and throttle grip
(page 115 ).
Check condition, adjust slack, and lubricate as needed (page 145 ).
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Servicing Your Honda
79
05/11/25 12:23:39 31MEL620_089
Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your motorcycle serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
80
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 224 ).
05/11/25 12:23:46 31MEL620_090
Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only genuine
Honda parts or their equivalents for repair
or replacement to ensure the best quality
and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 49 )
and owner maintenance (page 82 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 224 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
81
05/11/25 12:23:53 31MEL620_091
Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently when riding in
unusually wet or dusty areas.
3. California type only.
4. Replace every 2 years, or at indicated
odometer interval, whichever comes
first. Replacement requires mechanical
skill. Refer to the official Honda
service manual.
82
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
05/11/25 12:24:07 31MEL620_092
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
*
*
*
**
*
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
FUEL LINE
THROTTLE OPERATION
AIR CLEANER
SPARK PLUGS
2
VALVE CLEARANCE
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL FILTER
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
RADIATOR COOLANT
COOLING SYSTEM
*
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
*
SYSTEM
EVAPORATIVE EMISSION
*
CONTROL SYSTEM
** EXHAUST GAS CONTROL
VALVE CABLE
*
4
3
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
20
24
16
8
4
12
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
EVERY 16,000 mi (25,600 km) I,
EVERY 32,000 mi (51,200 km) R
I
INITIAL = 600 mi (1000 km) or 1 month: R
REGULAR = EVERY 8000 mi (12800 km), or 12 months: R
R
R
R
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
0.6
1.0
I
Refer to
page
−
116
−
−
I
EVERY 16,000 mi (25,600 km) I
−
101
106
120
111
−
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 224 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
83
05/11/25 12:24:20 31MEL620_093
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
NON-EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
**
DRIVE CHAIN
BRAKE FLUID
BRAKE PAD WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH
*
HEADLIGHT AIM
*
CLUTCH SYSTEM
CLUTCH FLUID
SIDE STAND
SUSPENSION
*
NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
*
** WHEELS/TIRES
** STEERING HEAD
BEARINGS
0.6
1.0
4
I
4
I
I
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
12
20
24
8
4
16
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
EVERY 500 mi (800 km) I, L
R
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 224 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
84
Servicing Your Honda
Refer to
page
145
132
135
131
−
−
117
118
144
−
−
−
−
05/11/25 12:24:28 31MEL620_094
Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the
motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.
Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled
maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal
owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to
record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600 (1,000)
4,000 (6,400)
8,000 (12,800)
12,000 (19,200)
16,000 (25,600)
20,000 (32,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
85
05/11/25 12:24:35 31MEL620_095
Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
24,000 (38,400)
28,000 (44,800)
32,000 (51,200)
36,000 (57,600)
40,000 (64,000)
44,000 (70,400)
48,000 (76,800)
52,000 (83,200)
56,000 (89,600)
60,000 (96,000)
64,000 (102,400)
68,000 (108,800)
86
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
05/11/25 12:24:39 31MEL620_096
Maintenance Component Locations
front brake fluid
reservoir
clutch fluid reservoir
front brake lever
clutch lever
throttle grip
front spring pre-load adjuster/
front rebound damping adjuster
fuel fill cap
Servicing Your Honda
87
05/11/25 12:24:44 31MEL620_097
Maintenance Component Locations
tool kit
engine oil filler cap
coolant reserve tank
rear brake
fluid reservoir
front suspension
compression
damping adjuster
rear brake
caliper
engine oil filter
rear brake pedal
oil level inspection window
88
Servicing Your Honda
front brake caliper
05/11/25 12:24:49 31MEL620_098
Maintenance Component Locations
engine idle speed
rear suspension battery/
compression
main fuse
damping adjuster
owner’s manual
storage compartment
fuse box
front suspension
compression
damping adjuster
drive chain
front brake caliper
rear suspension spring pre-load adjuster/
rear suspension rebound damping adjuster
Servicing Your Honda
89
05/11/25 12:24:55 31MEL620_099
Tool Kit
The tool kit ( 1 ) is stored under the rear
seat (page 93 ).
An optional, larger tool kit may be
available. Check with your Honda dealer’s
parts department.
UNDER REAR SEAT
(1)
(1) tool kit
90
Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:25:00 31MEL620_100
Owner’s Manual Storage
Your motorcycle provides storage for the
owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you
for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag ( 1 ) in the owner’s
manual storage compartment ( 2 ) under
the rear seat (page 93 ).
UNDER REAR SEAT
(1)
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your motorcycle.
(2)
(1) storage bag
(2) owner’s manual storage compartment
Servicing Your Honda
91
05/11/25 12:25:09 31MEL620_101
Seat Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
The front seat must be removed for
battery or fuse maintenance.
Front Seat Removal
(2)
(4)
(1)
(3)
(1) front seat
(2) mounting bolts
92
(3) collars
(4) tabs
Servicing Your Honda
To remove the front seat ( 1 ), pull the rear
corners of the seat back, remove the two
mounting bolts ( 2 ) and collars ( 3 ), and
then pull the seat up and back.
To install the front seat, insert the tabs ( 4 )
into the recess under the frame and tighten
the mounting bolts securely.
05/11/25 12:25:18 31MEL620_102
Seat Removal
Rear Seat Removal
To remove the rear seat ( 5 ), insert the
ignition key ( 6 ) into the seat lock ( 7 ).
Turn it clockwise, then pull the rear seat
forward and up.
(8)
(5)
(9)
(10)
(5) rear seat
(6) ignition key
(7) seat lock
(7)
To install the rear seat, insert the prongs
( 8 ) into the seat hook ( 9 ) and guide hooks
( 10 ), and then push down on the front of
the rear seat.
(6)
(8) prongs
(9) seat hook
(10) guide hooks
Servicing Your Honda
93
05/11/25 12:25:29 31MEL620_103
Middle Cowl Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
The middle cowl must be removed to
service the coolant reserve tank and fuse.
RIGHT SIDE (left side similar)
(5)
(1)
(2)
(4)
(1)
(6) (7)
(1) bolts A
(2) bolt B
(3) clip A
(4) clips B
(5) clips C
(6) middle cowl
(7) front turn
signal connector
94
Servicing Your Honda
(3)
Removal
1. Remove the bolts A ( 1 ), bolt B ( 2 ) and
clip A ( 3 ), clips B ( 4 ), clips C ( 5 ).
2. Remove the middle cowl ( 6 ) and
disconnect the front turn signal
connector ( 7 ).
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
05/11/25 12:25:39 31MEL620_104
Inner Lower Cowl Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
The inner lower cowl must be removed to
remove the under cowl.
Removal
1. Remove the clips A ( 1 ) and clips B ( 2 ).
2. Remove the inner lower cowl ( 3 ).
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(2)
(3)
(1)
(1) clips A
(2) clips B
(3) inner lower cowl
Servicing Your Honda
95
05/11/25 12:25:50 31MEL620_105
Lower Cowl Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
The lower cowl must be removed to
replace the engine oil filter.
RIGHT SIDE (left side similar)
Removal
1. Remove the middle cowl (page 94).
2. Remove the inner lower cowl (page 95 ).
3. Remove the clips A ( 1 ).
4. Remove the bolt A ( 2 ) and bolt B ( 3 ).
5. Remove the lower cowl ( 4 ).
(1)
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(1)
(2)
(1) clips A
(2) bolt B
96
(3)
(4)
(3) bolt A
(4) lower cowl
Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:25:59 31MEL620_106
Clip Removal
Clip removal and installation:
Removal
1. Press down on the center pin to release
the lock.
2. Pull the clip out of the hole.
1.
2.
Installation
1. Push the bottom of the pin.
2. Insert the clip into the hole.
3. Lightly press down on the center pin to
lock the clip.
1.
2.
3.
Servicing Your Honda
97
05/11/25 12:26:08 31MEL620_107
Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
premium unleaded
91 (or higher)
We recommend that you use premium
unleaded fuel because it produces fewer
engine deposits and extends the life of
exhaust system components.
Calif ornia only:
The use of leaded gas will damage the
catalytic converter.
98
Servicing Your Honda
Your engine is designed to use any
premium gasoline that has a pump octane
number of 91 or higher. Gasoline pumps
at service stations normally display the
pump octane number. For information on
the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 220 .
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
05/11/25 12:26:18 31MEL620_108
Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Fuel Capacity
(3)
(2)
Fuel tank capacity:
4.76 US gal (18.0 )
The tank should be refilled as soon as
possible when the fuel indicator comes on.
(1)
(1) ignition key
(2) fuel fill cap
(3) filler neck
1. Insert the ignition key ( 1 ) in the fuel
fill cap ( 2 ) and turn it clockwise.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
99
05/11/25 12:26:25 31MEL620_109
Fuel
2. Open the fuel fill cap.
3. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck ( 3 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
100 Servicing Your Honda
4. After refueling, push the fuel fill cap
closed until it snaps and locks.
5. Remove the ignition key from the fuel
fill cap.
05/11/25 12:26:32 31MEL620_110
Engine Oil & Filter
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
Using the proper oil (page 102 ) and filter,
and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and
deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage
your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage
to the engine and transmission.
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 83 .
Servicing Your Honda
101
05/11/25 12:26:41 31MEL620_111
Engine Oil & Filter
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-40
MA
102 Servicing Your Honda
suggested oil*
Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without
molybdenum additives) 4-stroke
oil (USA & Canada), or Honda
4-stroke oil (Canada only), or an
equivalent motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
05/11/25 12:26:52 31MEL620_112
Engine Oil & Filter
Your motorcycle does not need oil
additives. Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or
molybdenum additives. They may
adversely affect clutch operation.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication
and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
Servicing Your Honda
103
05/11/25 12:26:59 31MEL620_113
Engine Oil & Filter
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle
engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled
on the oil container. For example, the
following label shows the MA
classification.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company
of the oil
(2) oil classification
104 Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:27:09 31MEL620_114
Engine Oil & Filter
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
RIGHT SIDE
(4)
(1)
(2)
1. Park your motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3-5
minutes. Make sure the malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL) and low oil
pressure indicator go off. If the
indicators remains on, stop the engine
immediately.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Hold the motorcycle in an upright
position.
(3)
(1) upper level mark
(2) lower level mark
(3) inspection window
(4) oil filler cap
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
105
05/11/25 12:27:20 31MEL620_115
Engine Oil & Filter
5. Check that the oil level is between the
upper ( 1 ) and lower ( 2 ) level marks in
the inspection window ( 3 ).
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark ( 1 ) –– you do not have to add
oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark ( 2 ) –– remove the oil
filler cap ( 4 ) and add the
recommended oil until it reaches the
upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
6. Reinstall the oil filler cap.
7. Check for oil leaks.
106 Servicing Your Honda
Changing Engine Oil & Filter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new genuine Honda oil filter or a filter of
equal quality specified for your model.
Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in
leaks or premature engine damage.
05/11/25 12:27:29 31MEL620_116
Engine Oil & Filter
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a
means for disposing of the drained fluid
(page 170 ). If you do not have the skills
or the tools, see your Honda dealer.
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park the motorcycle on its side stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
drain bolt ( 1 ).
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap, crankcase drain bolt, and sealing
washer ( 2 ).
FRONT, UNDER ENGINE
(2)
(1)
(1) crankcase
drain bolt
(2) sealing washer
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
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05/11/25 12:27:39 31MEL620_117
Engine Oil & Filter
Install a New Oil Filter:
5. Remove the right middle cowl (page
94 ).
6. Remove the right lower cowl (page 96 ).
7. Remove the oil filter ( 3 ) with a filter
wrench and let the remaining oil drain
out. Discard the oil filter in an approved
manner (page 170 ).
8. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 170 ).
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
(3) oil filter
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
108 Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:27:51 31MEL620_118
Engine Oil & Filter
9. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the
rubber seal ( 4 ) of a new oil filter.
(4)
(4) oil filter rubber seal
10. Install the new oil filter and tighten it by
hand.
11. Using an oil filter wrench attachment
and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil
filter to the specified torque:
20 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
12. Check the condition of the sealing
washer on the engine oil drain bolt.
Replace the washer every other time the
oil is changed.
Install the engine oil drain bolt and
tighten it to the specified torque:
22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.0 kgf·m)
Add Engine Oil:
13. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 102 ),
approximately:
3.3 US qt (3.1 )
14. Install the oil filler cap.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
109
05/11/25 12:27:58 31MEL620_119
Engine Oil & Filter
15. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
16. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
17. Hold the motorcycle upright and check
that the oil level is at the upper level
mark in the inspection window (page
105 ).
18. Check that there are no oil leaks.
19. Install the right middle cowl.
20. Install the right lower cowl.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
110 Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:28:06 31MEL620_120
Coolant
Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system
dissipates engine heat through the coolant
jacket that surrounds the cylinder and
cylinder head.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the
cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and
corrosion.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an
equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for
use in aluminum engines. Check the
antifreeze container label.
Use only distilled water as a part of the
coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to
the aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.
This coolant solution is recommended for
most operating temperatures and provides
good corrosion protection.
Servicing Your Honda
111
05/11/25 12:28:14 31MEL620_121
Coolant
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze
to less than 40% will not provide proper
corrosion protection.
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze
is not recommended because it decreases
cooling system performance. Higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%)
should only be used to provide additional
protection against freezing. Check the
cooling system frequently during freezing
weather.
112 Servicing Your Honda
RIGHT SIDE
(4)
(2)
(1)
(1) reserve tank
(2) UPPER level mark
(3) LOWER level mark
(4) reserve tank cap
(3)
05/11/25 12:28:22 31MEL620_122
Coolant
1. With the engine at normal operating
temperature, check the coolant level in
the reserve tank ( 1 ). It should be
between the UPPER ( 2 ) and LOWER
( 3 ) level marks.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for
leaks and see your Honda dealer for
repair.
2. Remove the right middle cowl (page
94 ) and the reserve tank cap ( 4 ).
Always add coolant to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
3. Add coolant to the reserve tank as
required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 224 ).
Servicing Your Honda
113
05/11/25 12:28:28 31MEL620_123
Coolant
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant,
refer to You & the Environment, page
170 .
114 Servicing Your Honda
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
05/11/25 12:28:40 31MEL620_124
Throttle
Throttle Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Inspection
Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.
Freeplay:
1/16 in (2 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
Adjustment
1. Loosen the lock nut ( 1 ).
2. Turn the adjuster ( 2 ).
3. After adjustment, check for smooth
rotation of the throttle grip from fully
closed to fully open in all steering
positions.
(1)
(2)
(1) lock nut
(2) adjuster
Servicing Your Honda
115
05/11/25 12:28:46 31MEL620_125
Throttle
Throttle Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
2. Check for smooth rotation of the
throttle from fully open to fully closed
in all steering positions. If there is a
problem, see your Honda dealer.
116 Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:28:54 31MEL620_126
Clutch System
Your motorcycle has a hydraulicallyactuated clutch. There are no adjustments
to perform, but the clutch system must be
inspected periodically for fluid level and
leakage.
If the motorcycle creeps or stalls when
shifted into gear, or if the clutch slips,
causing acceleration to lag behind engine
speed, there is probably air in the clutch
system. See your Honda dealer to have the
air bled out of the system.
Clutch Lever Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
The distance between the tip of the clutch
lever and the grip may be adjusted.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(4)
(1)
(3)
(2)
(1) adjuster dial
(2) clutch lever
(3) index mark
(4) numbers
Servicing Your Honda
117
05/11/25 12:29:04 31MEL620_127
Clutch System
1. Turn the adjuster dial ( 1 ) while pushing
the clutch lever ( 2 ) forward.
2. Align the index mark ( 3 ) on the clutch
lever with the numbers ( 4 ) on the
adjuster dial.
3. Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in,
and shift into gear. Make sure the
engine does not stall and the motorcycle
does not creep. Gradually release the
clutch lever and open the throttle. Your
motorcycle should move smoothly and
accelerate gradually.
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
Check that the fluid level is above the
LOWER level mark. If the fluid level is
below the LOWER level mark, it indicates
fluid leakage. See your Honda dealer for
repair.
118 Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:29:09 31MEL620_128
Clutch System
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hose and fittings.
Check that the clutch lever assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
Servicing Your Honda
119
05/11/25 12:29:18 31MEL620_129
Engine Idle Speed
Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a
‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your
engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting
the idle will not compensate for a fault
elsewhere.
Idle Speed Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
LEFT SIDE
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed
adjustment.
(+)
(−)
(1)
(1) throttle stop
screw
(+) increase
(−) decrease
1. If the engine is cold, start it and warm it
up with ten minutes of stop-and-go
riding. Stop the engine.
120 Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:29:25 31MEL620_130
Engine Idle Speed
2. Place your motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
3. Shift into neutral. Start the engine.
4. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw ( 1 ).
Idle speed (in neutral):
1,200 ± 100 rpm
Servicing Your Honda
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Suspension
Your front and rear suspension systems
use springs, hydraulic damping devices,
and linkages (rear only) that suspend your
weight and most of the weight of your
motorcycle.
Consider adjusting your suspension
whenever you change your normal load,
by adding or subtracting a passenger,
cargo, or accessories, or when the road or
riding conditions change.
The spring pre-loads for your front and
rear suspension systems adjust the amount
of force required to begin compression of
the spring.
The way you ride your motorcycle and the
type of ride you want to experience can
also influence your suspension needs.
The oil damper systems hydraulically
control the natural compression and
rebound of the suspension springs so that
traction and comfort are maintained as the
wheels ride over road surfaces.
122 Servicing Your Honda
You may adjust the spring pre-load and
the rebound and compression damping of
both suspension systems.
05/11/25 12:29:38 31MEL620_132
Suspension
Lower spring pre-load and softer damping
provide a softer ride and are usually
preferred for light loads and smooth roads.
Higher spring pre-load and firmer
damping provide a firmer ride and are
recommended for heavy loads, rough road
conditions, and faster, more challenging
riding.
Front Suspension Adjustment
The front suspension can be adjusted for
rider (and passenger) weight and riding
conditions by changing the spring pre-load
and rebound and compression damping.
Servicing Your Honda
123
05/11/25 12:29:51 31MEL620_133
Suspension
Front Suspension Spring
Pre-load
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
FRONT
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1) pre-load adjuster
Adjust the spring pre-load by turning the
pre-load adjuster ( 1 ).
124 Servicing Your Honda
To adjust to the standard position:
1. Turn the pre-load adjuster ( 1 )
counterclockwise until it will no longer
turn (lightly seats). This is the full soft
setting.
2. Turn the adjuster clockwise 7 turns.
This is the standard position.
3. Make sure that both fork legs are
adjusted to the same position.
To Reduce Spring Pre-load (SOFT):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward SOFT.
To Increase Spring Pre-load (HARD):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HARD.
05/11/25 12:30:03 31MEL620_134
Suspension
Front Suspension Damping
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Rebound Damping
FRONT
(1)
To adjust to the standard position:
1. Turn the rebound damping adjuster ( 1 )
clockwise until it will no longer turn
(lightly seats). This is the full hard
setting.
2. Turn the adjuster counterclockwise
2 1/4 turns. This is the standard position.
3. Make sure that both fork legs are
adjusted to the same position.
To Reduce Rebound Damping (SOFT):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward SOFT (S).
(1)
(1) damping adjuster
To Increase Rebound Damping
(HARD):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HARD (H).
Servicing Your Honda
125
05/11/25 12:30:13 31MEL620_135
Suspension
Compression Damping
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) damping adjuster
(2) punch mark
(3) reference punch mark
To adjust to the standard position:
1. Turn the damping adjuster ( 1 )
clockwise until it will no longer turn
(lightly seats). This is the full hard
setting.
126 Servicing Your Honda
2. Turn the adjuster counterclockwise
approximately 1 3/4 turns so that the
punch mark ( 2 ) on the adjuster aligns
with the reference punch mark ( 3 ). This
is the standard position.
3. Make sure that both fork legs are
adjusted to the same position.
To Reduce Compression Damping
(SOFT):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward SOFT.
To Increase Compression Damping
(HARD):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HARD.
05/11/25 12:30:19 31MEL620_136
Suspension
Rear Suspension Adjustment
The rear suspension can be adjusted for
rider (and passenger) weight and riding
conditions by changing the spring pre-load
and rebound and compression damping.
To adjust, use an appropriate pin spanner
or see your Honda dealer.
The rear shock absorber includes a damper
unit that contains high pressure nitrogen
gas. Do not attempt to disassemble,
service, or dispose of the damper; see your
Honda dealer. The instructions found in
this owner’s manual are limited to
adjustments of the shock assembly only.
Servicing Your Honda
127
05/11/25 12:30:30 31MEL620_137
Suspension
Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load
The spring pre-load adjuster ( 1 ) has
10 positions for different load or riding
conditions.
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(2)
123456
7
8
9
10
(1)
(1) spring pre-load adjuster
(2) pin spanner
(3) extension bar
128 Servicing Your Honda
Use the pin spanner ( 2 ) and extension bar
( 3 ) to adjust the rear shock spring preload.
Positions 1 to 3: for a light load and
smooth road conditions.
Position 4: standard position.
Positions 5 to 10: for when the motorcycle
is more heavily loaded. (Also increase
spring pre-load for stiffer rear suspension.)
Always adjust the shock absorber position
in sequence (1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10 or 109-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1). Attempting to adjust
directly from 1 to 10 or 10 to 1 may
damage the shock absorber.
05/11/25 12:30:42 31MEL620_138
Suspension
Rear Suspension Damping
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Rebound Damping
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(2)
1. Turn the damping adjuster ( 1 )
clockwise until it will no longer turn
(lightly seats). This is the full hard
setting.
2. Turn the adjuster counterclockwise
approximately 2 1/4 turns so that the
punch mark ( 2 ) on the adjuster aligns
with the reference punch mark ( 3 ). This
is the standard position.
To Reduce Rebound Damping (SOFT):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward SOFT (S).
(3)
(1) damping adjuster
(2) punch mark
(3) reference punch mark
To adjust to the standard position:
To Increase Rebound Damping
(HARD):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HARD (H).
Servicing Your Honda
129
05/11/25 12:30:54 31MEL620_139
Suspension
Compression Damping
2. Turn the adjuster counterclockwise
17 clicks so that the punch mark ( 2 ) on
the adjuster aligns with the reference
punch mark ( 3 ). This is the standard
position.
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) damping adjuster
(2) punch mark
(3) reference punch mark
To adjust to the standard position:
1. Turn the damping adjuster ( 1 )
clockwise until it will no longer turn
(lightly seats). This is the full hard
setting.
130 Servicing Your Honda
To Reduce Compression Damping
(SOFT):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward SOFT.
To Increase Compression Damping
(HARD):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HARD.
05/11/25 12:31:04 31MEL620_140
Brakes
The hydraulic braking systems on your
motorcycle dissipate the heat generated by
the friction of the brake pads on the brake
discs as the wheels are slowed.
air in the brake system. See your Honda
dealer to have the air bled from the system.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid
level will drop. A leak in the system will
also cause the level to drop.
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Frequently inspect the system to ensure
there are no fluid leaks. Periodically
inspect the brake fluid level and the brake
pads for wear.
Front Brake Lever Adjustment
The distance between the tip of the brake
lever and the grip may be adjusted.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(4)
(1)
(3)
If the brake lever or brake pedal freeplay
does not feel within the normal range
while riding, check the brake pads for
wear (page 135 ). Worn pads should be
replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond
the recommended limit, there is probably
(2)
(1) adjuster dial
(2) brake lever
(3) index mark
(4) numbers
Servicing Your Honda
131
05/11/25 12:31:13 31MEL620_141
Brakes
1. Turn the adjuster dial ( 1 ) while pushing
the brake lever ( 2 ) forward.
2. Align the index mark ( 3 ) on the brake
lever with the numbers ( 4 ) on the
adjuster dial.
3. Apply the brake, release it, then spin the
wheel and check that it rotates freely.
Repeat this procedure several times.
132 Servicing Your Honda
Brake Fluid Recommendation
brake
fluid
Honda DOT 4 Brake
Fluid
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of
equal quality and performance. Use fresh
brake fluid from a sealed container. Be
sure to read the label before opening the
sealed container. An opened container
may be contaminated or may have
absorbed moisture from the air.
05/11/25 12:31:21 31MEL620_142
Brakes
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
If your inspection indicates a low fluid
level, have your Honda dealer add the
recommended brake fluid.
Do not add or replace brake fluid, except
in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have
your Honda dealer check the system as
soon as possible.
Brake f luid can damage plastic and
painted surf aces. Handle with care.
Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid contact
with skin or eyes. In case of contact, wash
thoroughly and call a doctor immediately
if it contacts your eyes.
RIGHT FRONT
(2)
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
(2) UPPER level mark
Servicing Your Honda
133
05/11/25 12:31:29 31MEL620_143
Brakes
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
(2) UPPER level mark
1. Place your motorcycle in an upright
position on a firm, level surface.
2. Check the fluid level. It should be
between the UPPER ( 2 ) and LOWER
( 1 ) level marks. If the level is at or
below the LOWER level mark, check
the brake pads for wear (page 136 ).
134 Servicing Your Honda
Worn pads should be replaced. If the
pads are not worn beyond the
recommended limit, have your brake
system inspected for leaks.
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hoses and fittings.
05/11/25 12:31:39 31MEL620_144
Brakes
Front Brake
Brake Pad Wear
LEFT FRONT (Right side similar)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
(1)
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. Generally, the pads will wear
faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the
pads at each regular maintenance interval
(page 84 ).
(1)
Always inspect both pads in both the right
and left front brake calipers.
(1) wear indicator grooves
Check the grooves ( 1 ) in each pad. If
either pad is worn to the bottom of the
grooves, replace both pads as a set. See
your Honda dealer for this service.
Servicing Your Honda
135
05/11/25 12:31:45 31MEL620_145
Brakes
Rear Brake
RIGHT REAR
(2)
(2) cutouts
136 Servicing Your Honda
Check the cutouts ( 2 ) in each pad. If
either pad is worn to the cutout, replace
both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer
for this service.
05/11/25 12:31:53 31MEL620_146
Tires
To safely operate your motorcycle, your
tires must be the proper type and size, in
good condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your motorcycle ride harshly, are more
prone to damage from road hazards, and
wear unevenly.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
Servicing Your Honda
137
05/11/25 12:32:02 31MEL620_147
Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.
However, because leakage is often very
slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully
inflated.
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the motorcycle has
been parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
138 Servicing Your Honda
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has
only been ridden for a few miles –– the
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
rear
36 psi (250 kPa ,
2.50 kgf/cm )
42 psi (290 kPa ,
2.90 kgf/cm )
05/11/25 12:32:12 31MEL620_148
Tires
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
Tread Wear
(1)
(2)
or
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
Servicing Your Honda
139
05/11/25 12:32:22 31MEL620_149
Tires
For the best performance, you should
replace a tire before the tread depth at the
center reaches the following limits:
front
rear
0.06 in (1.5 mm)
0.08 in (2.0 mm)
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
Tire Repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is
repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and
performance limits than a new or
undamaged tire.
140 Servicing Your Honda
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger,
and have the tire replaced or permanently
repaired as soon as possible.
(For more information on temporary
repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire, page
178 .)
05/11/25 12:32:28 31MEL620_150
Tires
A permanent repair, such as an internal
plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a
small puncture in the tread area. With such
a repair, you should not exceed 50 mph
(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph
(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. If you choose to
have a tire repaired, be sure the repair
work is performed by a professional and
that the wheel is balanced before you ride.
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
The tires that came on your motorcycle
were designed to match the performance
capabilities of your motorcycle and
provide the best combination of handling,
braking, durability, and comfort.
If you have a tire professionally repaired
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
141
05/11/25 12:32:40 31MEL620_151
Tires
You should replace the tires with tires of
the same size, load range, and speed rating
as the originals.
Installing improper tires on your
motorcycle can affect handling
and stability. This can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
142 Servicing Your Honda
The recommended tires for your
motorcycle are:
front
rear
type
120/70ZR17M/C (58W)
BRIDGESTONE
BT015F RADIAL G
PIRELLI
DIABLO CORSA E
190/50ZR17M/C (73W)
BRIDGESTONE
BT015R RADIAL G
PIRELLI
DIABLO CORSA H
radial, tubeless
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
05/11/25 12:32:46 31MEL620_152
Tires
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Important Safety Reminders
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless
tire on this motorcycle. Excessive heat
build-up can cause the tube to burst.
Use only tubeless tires on this
motorcycle. The rims are designed for
tubeless tires, and during hard
acceleration or braking, a tube-type tire
could slip on the rim and cause the tire
to rapidly deflate.
Do not install a bias-ply tire on this
motorcycle. Mixing bias-ply and radial
tires can adversely affect handling and
stability.
Servicing Your Honda
143
05/11/25 12:32:59 31MEL620_153
Side Stand
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) side stand spring
Check that the side stand assembly is
working properly. If the side stand is
stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area
and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean
grease.
144 Servicing Your Honda
Check the spring for damage or loss of
tension.
Check the side stand ignition cut-off
system:
1. Sit astride the motorcycle and put the
transmission in neutral.
2. Raise the side stand.
3. Start the engine.
4. Pull the clutch lever in.
5. Shift the transmission into gear.
6. Lower the side stand all the way.
The engine should stop as you lower the
side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop,
see your Honda dealer for service.
05/11/25 12:33:07 31MEL620_154
Drive Chain
An endless (riveted master link) chain
connects the countershaft and rear wheel
sprockets. The O-ring chain uses rubber
rings between the side plates of the pin
and roller links to seal in the
manufacturer-installed lubricating grease
and keep out moisture and dirt.
The service life of the chain depends on
proper lubrication and adjustment. Poor
maintenance can cause premature wear or
damage to the drive chain or sprockets.
Under severe usage, or when the
motorcycle is ridden in unusually dusty or
muddy areas, more frequent maintenance
will be necessary.
Before servicing your drive chain, turn the
engine OFF, lower the side stand, and
check that your transmission is in neutral.
It is not necessary to remove or replace the
drive chain to perform the recommended
service in the Maintenance Schedule.
The drive chain should be checked,
adjusted, and lubricated as part of the preride inspection (page 49 ).
Servicing Your Honda
145
05/11/25 12:33:17 31MEL620_155
Drive Chain
LEFT SIDE
Inspection
(1)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
1. Check slack in the lower drive chain
( 1 ) run midway between the sprockets.
Drive chain slack should allow the
following vertical movement by hand:
1−1 3/8 in (25−35 mm)
2. Check drive chain slack at several
points along the chain. The slack should
remain constant. If it isn’t, some links
may be kinked and binding. Lubricating
the chain will often eliminate binding
and kinking.
146 Servicing Your Honda
(1) drive chain
3. Inspect the drive chain for:
damaged rollers
dry or rusted links
kinked or binding links
excessive wear
improper adjustment
damaged or missing O-rings
05/11/25 12:33:23 31MEL620_156
Drive Chain
Replace the drive chain (page 151 ) if it
has damaged rollers, loose pins, or
kinks that cannot be freed. Lubricate the
drive chain (page 150 ) if it appears dry
or shows signs of rust. Lubricate any
kinked or binding links and work them
free. Adjust chain slack if needed.
4. Inspect the front and rear sprocket teeth
for excessive wear or damage. If
necessary, have your Honda dealer
replace a worn sprocket.
damaged
sprocket
teeth
worn
sprocket
teeth
REPLACE
REPLACE
normal sprocket teeth
GOOD
Use of a new chain with worn sprockets
will cause rapid chain wear.
Servicing Your Honda
147
05/11/25 12:33:34 31MEL620_157
Drive Chain
Wear Inspection
LEFT SIDE
The bottom part of the frame may be
damaged by excessive drive chain slack of
more than:
1 15/16 in (50 mm)
(2)
Adjustment
(3)
(2) red zone
(3) index mark
Check the chain wear label when adjusting
the chain. If the red zone ( 2 ) on the label
aligns with the index mark ( 3 ) on the
chain adjustment plate after the chain has
been adjusted to the proper slack, the
chain is excessively worn and must be
replaced. The proper slack is:
1−1 3/8 in (25−35 mm)
148 Servicing Your Honda
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Drive chain slack should be checked and
adjusted, if necessary, every 500 miles
(800 km). When operated at sustained
high speeds or under conditions of
frequent rapid acceleration, the chain may
require more frequent adjustments.
05/11/25 12:33:44 31MEL620_158
Drive Chain
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
(2)
(1)
(4)
(5)
(1) rear axle nut
(2) lock nut
(3) drive chain
adjusting bolt
(4) chain adjuster
index mark
(5) scale
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand
with the transmission in neutral and the
ignition switch OFF.
2. Loosen the rear axle nut ( 1 ).
3. Loosen the lock nuts ( 2 ) on both sides
of the swingarm.
4. Turn both drive chain adjusting bolts
( 3 ) an equal number of turns until the
correct drive chain slack is obtained.
Turn the drive chain adjusting bolts
counterclockwise to tighten the chain,
Turn the drive chain adjusting bolts
clockwise and push the rear wheel
toward the front to provide more slack.
Adjust the chain slack at a point
midway between the drive sprocket and
the rear wheel sprocket.
Roll the motorcycle forward. Stop and
place it on its side stand. Recheck chain
slack. Chain slack should allow the
following vertical movement by hand:
1−1 3/8 in (25−35 mm)
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
149
05/11/25 12:33:56 31MEL620_159
Drive Chain
5. Check rear axle alignment by making
sure the chain adjuster index mark ( 4 )
aligns with the scale graduations ( 5 ) on
both sides of the swingarm.
Both marks should correspond. If the
axle is misaligned, turn the right or left
adjusting bolt until the marks are
aligned and recheck chain slack.
6. Torque the rear axle nut to:
83 lbf·ft (113 N·m , 11.5 kgf·m)
If a torque wrench is not used for this
installation, see your Honda dealer as
soon as possible to verify proper
assembly. Improper assembly may lead
to a loss of braking capacity.
7. Tighten the drive chain adjusting bolts
lightly by turning it counterclockwise,
then tighten the lock nuts by holding the
drive chain adjusting bolts with a
wrench.
8. Recheck drive chain slack (page 146 ).
Lubrication
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Lubricate every 500 miles (800 km) or
sooner if chain appears dry. Lubricant:
SAE 80 or 90 gear oil
150 Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:34:07 31MEL620_160
Drive Chain
Lubricate only with SAE 80 or 90 gear oil.
Commercial chain lubricants may contain
solvents which could damage the rubber
O-rings.
Removal, Cleaning &
Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Your motorcycle has an endless (riveted
master link) type chain. It should only be
removed or replaced by your Honda dealer.
The O-rings can be damaged by steam
cleaning, high pressure washers, and
certain solvents.
1. Clean the side surfaces of the chain
with a dry cloth. Use a high flashpoint
solvent such as kerosene − not
gasoline.
Do not brush the rubber O-rings.
Brushing will damage them. Use of a
solvent may also damage the O-rings.
2. Inspect the drive chain for possible
wear or damage.
Replace the drive chain if it has damaged
rollers, loose fitting links, damaged
O-rings, or otherwise appears
unserviceable.
Replacement Chain:
DID 50VM2
or
RK 50GFOZ1
Servicing Your Honda
151
05/11/25 12:34:14 31MEL620_161
Battery
Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free
type battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery –– even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your motorcycle –– or do
not ride frequently, we recommend that
you charge the battery frequently (see
Battery Charging, page 155 ).
152 Servicing Your Honda
If you do not expect to ride your
motorcycle for at least two weeks, we
recommend you remove the battery –– or
at least disconnect the battery cables
(negative cable first).
If you plan to store your motorcycle, see
Battery Storage, page 153 .
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash hands after handling.
05/11/25 12:34:22 31MEL620_162
Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
If you plan to store your motorcycle, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow (trickle)
charging it every 30 days (see Battery
Charging, page 155 ).
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
Servicing Your Honda
153
05/11/25 12:34:35 31MEL620_163
Battery
The battery is located in the battery box
below the front seat.
UNDER SEAT
(1)
Removal
1. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Remove the front seat (page 92 ).
3. Release the ring ( 1 ) and remove the
rubber band ( 2 ).
4. Disconnect the negative (−) terminal
lead ( 3 ) from the battery first, then
disconnect the positive (+) terminal
lead ( 4 ).
5. Pull the battery ( 5 ) out of the battery
box.
6. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
154 Servicing Your Honda
(4)
(5)
(3)
(2)
(1) ring
(2) rubber band
(3) negative (−) terminal lead
(4) positive (+) terminal lead
(5) battery
05/11/25 12:34:47 31MEL620_164
Battery
7. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
8. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
9. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
Installation
1. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (−)
terminal.
2. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
(1)
(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
Servicing Your Honda
155
05/11/25 12:34:51 31MEL620_165
Battery
We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger
( 1 ) for home charging. These units can be
left connected for long periods without
risking damage to the battery. However,
do not intentionally leave the charger
connected longer than the time period
recommended in the charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a motorcycle battery and cause
permanent damage.
156 Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:35:02 31MEL620_166
Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your motorcycle. A
clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect
and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
To clean your motorcycle, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from
recent operation, give the engine and
exhaust system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause
the finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your motorcycle regularly to
protect surface finishes.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
157
05/11/25 12:35:09 31MEL620_167
Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your motorcycle. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
Do not direct water at the air intake ( 1 ).
The water could enter the air cleaner or
be drawn into the throttle body.
FRONT
(1)
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
(1) air intake
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and
brake fluid).
158 Servicing Your Honda
05/11/25 12:35:18 31MEL620_168
Appearance Care
Washing Your Motorcycle with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
1. Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with
cool water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing motorcycles or
automobiles.
3. Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or
a soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
4. Clean the windscreen with a soft cloth
or sponge and plenty of water. Dry with
a soft clean cloth. Remove minor
scratches with a commercially-available
plastic polishing compound.
Take care to keep brake fluid or
chemical solvents off the fairing. They
will damage the plastic.
5. Clean the headlight, fairing, meter lens
and other plastic parts using a cloth or
sponge dampened with a solution of
mild detergent and water. When
cleaning the plastic headlight lens, use
more care because it will scratch easier
than a glass lens. Rub any soiled area,
gently rinsing it frequently with fresh
water.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
159
05/11/25 12:35:26 31MEL620_169
Appearance Care
The taillight lens on your motorcycle is
clear. The lens may become discolored
if exhaust deposits or road contaminants
accumulate on it. Exhaust deposits and
road contaminants can be removed with
a wet cloth and mild detergent.
6. After washing, rinse your motorcycle
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
7. Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or
a soft towel. Leaving water on the
surface to air dry can cause dulling and
water spots. As you dry, inspect for
chips and scratches.
160 Servicing Your Honda
8. Lubricate the drive chain to prevent
rusting.
9. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
10. As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at
a slow speed and apply the brakes
several times. This will help dry the
brakes and restore normal braking
performance.
05/11/25 12:35:31 31MEL620_170
Appearance Care
Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
Servicing Your Honda
161
05/11/25 12:35:42 31MEL620_171
Appearance Care
Motorcycle Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
162 Servicing Your Honda
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
05/11/25 12:35:50 31MEL620_172
Appearance Care
Painted Aluminum Wheel
Maintenance
Clean the Matte Painted Surface
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
Aluminum may corrode from contact with
dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels
after riding through any of these
substances. Use a wet sponge and mild
detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool,
or cleaners containing abrasives or
chemical compounds.
After washing, rinse with plenty of water
and dry with a clean cloth.
Use a soft cloth or sponge, plenty of water,
and a mild detergent to clean the matte
paint. Dry with a soft, clean cloth.
Do not use polishing compounds or wax
containing polishing compounds. These
can damage or discolor the paint.
To keep your Honda looking new, clean
and polish it frequently.
If the paint is chipped, apply touch-up
paint.
Servicing Your Honda
163
05/11/25 12:35:59 31MEL620_173
Appearance Care
Exhaust Pipe Maintenance
for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
The exhaust pipe is stainless steel, but may
become stained by oil or mud. If necessary,
remove heat stains with a liquid kitchen
abrasive.
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
After washing your motorcycle, consider
using a commercially-available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
164 Servicing Your Honda
If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped
or scratched, your Honda dealer has touchup paint to match your motorcycle’s color.
Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color
code (page 204 ) when you buy touch-up
paint.
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
05/11/25 12:36:03 31MEL620_174
Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible
motorcycle owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................. 166
Transporting Your Motorcycle ............ 169
You & the Environment ....................... 170
Tips
165
05/11/25 12:36:12 31MEL620_175
Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your motorcycle
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage
Guide, available from your Honda dealer
(USA only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your motorcycle in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
166 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
1. Change the engine oil and filter (page
106 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50% antifreeze solution (page
111 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
05/11/25 12:36:21 31MEL620_176
Storing Your Honda
4. To prevent rusting in the cylinders,
contact your Honda dealer.
5. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery (page
155 ) once a month.
6. Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all
painted surfaces (except matte painted
surfaces). Apply rust-inhibiting oil to
the chrome pieces.
7. Lubricate the drive chain (page 150 ).
8. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 137 ).
9. Store your motorcycle in an unheated
area, free of dampness, away from
sunlight, with a minimum of daily
temperature variation.
10. Place your motorcycle on blocks to lift
both tires off the floor.
11. Cover your motorcycle with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
Tips
167
05/11/25 12:36:29 31MEL620_177
Storing Your Honda
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
1. Uncover and clean your motorcycle.
2. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than four months –– change the
engine oil (page 106 ).
3. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than two months –– ask your
Honda dealer to drain and replace the
fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 155 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Lubricate the drive chain (page 150 ).
6. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 49 ),
then test-ride your motorcycle at low
speeds.
168 Tips
05/11/25 12:36:34 31MEL620_178
Transporting Your Motorcycle
If your motorcycle needs to be transported,
it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. For
information about 24-hour emergency
assistance, see page 231 (USA only). Do
not tow your motorcycle, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
Tips
169
05/11/25 12:36:40 31MEL620_179
You & the Environment
Owning and riding a motorcycle can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally-responsible motorcycle
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
170 Tips
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
05/11/25 12:36:45 31MEL620_180
Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your
motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells
you how to evaluate each problem and
what actions you can take to try to resume
riding. If the problem cannot be safely
solved, this section also gives instructions
on the proper way to have your
motorcycle transported.
For information about transporting your
motorcycle, see page 169 .
General Guidelines ............................... 172
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ........................................... 173
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 178
If Your Engine Overheats .................... 191
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator
Lights .................................................... 193
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 194
If You Crash ......................................... 198
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 199
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) ........ 200
Taking Care of the Unexpected
171
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Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road. However,
since problems can arise even with wellmaintained machines, you may consider
subscribing to an emergency roadside
service plan. (USA only: For information
about the Honda Rider’s Club of America,
see page 231 .)
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, the tool kit that came with your
motorcycle, and any other items (such as
tire repair supplies and additional tools)
that might help you solve a problem on
your own.
172 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your motorcycle is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
05/11/25 12:37:01 31MEL620_182
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as
you press the start button. If you don’t
hear the starter motor turning, refer to the
Starter motor doesn’t operate symptom. If
you can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
173
05/11/25 12:37:15 31MEL620_183
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
ignition switch OFF
Turn the ignition switch ON.
transmission not in neutral
Shift into neutral.
side stand down (when
Put the transmission in neutral or raise the side
transmission not in neutral)
stand and pull the clutch lever in.
blown fuse
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating (page
194 ).
battery lead loose
Tighten the battery lead.
dead battery
Charge the battery (page 155 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
faulty starter motor
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
174 Taking Care of the Unexpected
05/11/25 12:37:27 31MEL620_184
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
out of fuel
Fill the fuel tank.
flooded engine
See F looded Engine (page 59 ).
See your Honda dealer.
loose or unconnected
ignition coil connectors and
ignition coils
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
loose battery cables
Charge the battery (page 155 ). If charging doesn’t
weak battery
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
175
05/11/25 12:37:43 31MEL620_185
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Raise the side stand. Start again.
side stand down
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
Check engine idle adjustment (page 120 ). If the
problem persists, see your Honda dealer.
overheating
Check the coolant temperature meter. Refer to If
Y our Engine Overheats, page 191 .
low oil pressure
Check the low oil pressure indicator. Refer to If
the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights, page
193 .
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
176 Taking Care of the Unexpected
05/11/25 12:37:54 31MEL620_186
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly. (cont’d)
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust
See your Honda dealer.
(rich fuel mixture)
detonates or pings under
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
load
gasoline (page 98 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
See your Honda dealer.
afterfires (backfires)
See your Honda dealer.
pre-ignition (runs on after
ignition switched OFF)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
177
05/11/25 12:38:01 31MEL620_187
If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
side stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage. If you find a
tire that has been punctured or damaged,
you have two options.
Option 1:
Have Your Motorcycle Transported
If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in
the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come
loose from the rim, there is probably not
much you can do except have your
motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer
178 Taking Care of the Unexpected
or other qualified service facility. (USA
only: For information about 24-hour
emergency roadside assistance, see page
231 .) Even with a simple puncture, this
may be the safest and least troublesome
solution. For transporting instructions, see
page 169 .
Option 2:
Make a Temporary Roadside Repair
If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and
is not completely flat, you may be able to
make an emergency repair that could
allow you to continue riding to where you
can get the tire replaced or permanently
repaired.
05/11/25 12:38:07 31MEL620_188
If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your motorcycle with a
temporary tire repair can be risky.
If the temporary repair fails, you
can crash and be seriously injured
or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire is
permanently repaired or replaced.
repaired. Stop frequently and check the air
pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it
may be unsafe to continue riding. As the
tire gets low, it will affect the handling of
your motorcycle (especially with a
passenger and cargo) and it may overheat
and blow out.
Types of Temporary Repairs
The following types of temporary repairs
generally require a source of air to inflate
the tire. Possible sources include CO2
cartridges or cans of compressed air
designed to inflate a tire.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over
30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully
(preferably without a passenger or cargo)
until the tire is replaced or permanently
Taking Care of the Unexpected
179
05/11/25 12:38:13 31MEL620_189
If You Have a Flat Tire
Inflate the tire: Tubeless tires have
some self-sealing ability if they are
punctured and the result is usually just a
slow leak. If this is the case, you can try
inflating the tire to see if it will hold air
pressure. If you can see a nail or other
object embedded in the tire tread, do not
remove it at this time.
Plug the hole: The idea here is to do
something to temporarily stop the leak.
If you have a tubeless tire repair kit,
you can pull out the nail and try
inserting an external plug in the
puncture. Follow the instructions that
came with the repair kit and be sure to
inflate the tire to the correct pressure.
180 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should You Repair or Replace a
Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
page 140 .
05/11/25 12:38:22 31MEL620_190
If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Front Wheel
Removal/Installation
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
(2)
(1) fixing bolts
(2) brake caliper assembly
Removal
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
181
05/11/25 12:38:30 31MEL620_191
If You Have a Flat Tire
2. Raise the front wheel off the ground by
placing a support block under the
engine.
3. Remove the fixing bolts ( 1 ) and
remove the right and left caliper
assemblies ( 2 ) from the fork legs.
To avoid damage to the brake hose
during removal, support the caliper
assembly so that it doesn’t hang from
the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on
the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake
performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
4. Loosen the right and left axle pinch
bolts ( 3 ) and remove the front axle bolt
( 4 ).
RIGHT FRONT
(4)
(3)
(3) axle pinch bolts
(4) front axle bolt
182 Taking Care of the Unexpected
05/11/25 12:38:37 31MEL620_192
If You Have a Flat Tire
5. Remove the front axle shaft ( 5 ), wheel
and side collars.
Avoid depressing the brake lever
when the wheel is off the motorcycle.
This will force the caliper pistons out
of the cylinders. The result will be
loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the
brake system will require service. See
your Honda dealer for this service.
LEFT FRONT
(3)
(5)
(3) axle pinch bolts
(5) front axle shaft
Taking Care of the Unexpected
183
05/11/25 12:38:48 31MEL620_193
If You Have a Flat Tire
Installation
1. Install the side collars and position the
wheel between the fork legs. Insert the
front axle shaft from the left side,
through the left fork leg and wheel hub.
2. Align the end of axle shaft ( 6 ) with the
surface of fork leg ( 7 ).
LEFT FRONT
(8)
(7)
(6)
(6) end of axle shaft
(7) surface of fork leg
(8) front fork
spacers
184 Taking Care of the Unexpected
3. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
4. Tighten the front axle bolt to the
specified torque:
58 lbf·ft (79 N·m , 8.0 kgf·m)
5. Make sure that the front fork spacers
( 8 ) are installed into the caliper bracket
properly.
6. Install the right and left brake caliper
onto the fork leg.
To avoid damaging the brake pads,
carefully fits the brake disc ( 9 )
between the pads.
7. Install the caliper fixing bolts and
tighten to the specified torque:
33 lbf·ft (45 N·m , 4.6 kgf·m)
05/11/25 12:38:57 31MEL620_194
If You Have a Flat Tire
8. Operate the front brake and pump the
fork several times. Check for free
wheel rotation after the brake is
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake
drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.
9. If the clearances between each surface
of the brake disc and the brake caliper
body (10) (not brake pads) are
symmetrical, follow next step.
If the clearances are not symmetrical,
loosen the left axle pinch bolts and pull
the left fork outward or push inward to
adjust the clearance. Then follow the
next step.
10. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
Visually check that the clearances
between each surface of the brake disc
and the brake caliper body (not brake
pads) are symmetrical.
(10)
(10)
(9)
(9) brake disc
(10) brake caliper body
Taking Care of the Unexpected
185
05/11/25 12:39:01 31MEL620_195
If You Have a Flat Tire
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capability.
186 Taking Care of the Unexpected
05/11/25 12:39:13 31MEL620_196
If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Rear Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 76 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
Removal
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
2. Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
placing a support block under the
engine.
3. Loosen the rear axle nut ( 1 ).
4. Loosen the drive chain adjuster lock
nuts ( 2 ) and turn the drive chain
adjusting bolts ( 3 ) so the rear wheel can
be moved all the way forward for
maximum drive chain slack.
RIGHT REAR
(3)
(2)
(7)
(1)
(1) rear axle nut
(2) drive chain lock nut
(3) drive chain adjusting bolt
(7) right chain adjustment plate
5. Remove the rear axle nut ( 1 ) and
washer.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
187
05/11/25 12:39:22 31MEL620_197
If You Have a Flat Tire
6. Remove the drive chain ( 4 ) from the
rear sprocket by pushing the rear wheel
forward.
LEFT REAR
(2)
(4)
(3)
(5)
(6)
(4) drive chain
(5) rear axle shaft
(6) left chain adjustment plate
188 Taking Care of the Unexpected
7. Remove the rear axle shaft ( 5 ), rear
wheel, left chain adjustment plate ( 6 ),
right chain adjustment plate ( 7 ), rear
brake bracket and side collars from the
swingarm.
To avoid damage to the brake hose
during removal, support the caliper
assembly so that it doesn’t hang from
the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
Avoid depressing the brake pedal
when the wheel is off the motorcycle.
This will force the caliper pistons out
of the cylinders. The result will be a
loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the
brake system will require service.
See your Honda dealer for this
service.
05/11/25 12:39:29 31MEL620_198
If You Have a Flat Tire
Installation
1. Install the side collars and position the
wheel and rear brake bracket.
While installing the wheel, carefully
fit the brake disc between the brake
pads to avoid damaging the pads.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on
the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake
performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
2. Make sure that the lug ( 8 ) on the rear
brake bracket is located in the slot ( 9 )
on the swingarm ( 10 ).
(8)
(9)
(10)
(8) lug
(9) slot
(10) swingarm
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
189
05/11/25 12:39:38 31MEL620_199
If You Have a Flat Tire
3. Insert the rear axle shaft from the left
side, through the left swingarm, wheel
hub and rear brake bracket.
4. Install the drive chain by pushing the
rear wheel forward.
5. Install the rear axle nut and tighten the
drive chain adjusting bolts.
Refer to drive chain adjustment (page
148 ).
6. Tighten the rear axle nut to the
specified torque:
83 lbf·ft (113 N·m , 11.5 kgf·m)
Failure to provide adequate disc-to-rear
brake bracket clearance may damage
the brake discs and impair braking
efficiency.
190 Taking Care of the Unexpected
7. After installing the wheel, apply the
brakes several times, then recheck both
discs for caliper holder to disc clearance.
Do not operate the motorcycle without
adequate clearance.
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capability.
05/11/25 12:39:45 31MEL620_200
If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the coolant temperature on your
temperature meter will rise and then level
off. Hot weather may cause the
temperature to rise higher than normal. So
will temporary stress such as climbing a
hill. If you’re stuck in stop-and-go traffic,
the temperature may climb some, but the
radiator fan is designed to prevent
overheating. Be aware of these variations
as you monitor the meter.
If the coolant temperature display begins
to flash, and the coolant temperature
indicator/malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL) go on for no apparent reason, pull
safely to the side of the road. If possible,
park in a shady area.
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant
leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but
don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
If there’s no obvious problem, leave the
engine on so the fan and coolant
circulating system can continue
working. Monitor the temperature meter.
The temperature may drop to the
normal range after a brief stop with no
load on the engine.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
191
05/11/25 12:39:50 31MEL620_201
If Your Engine Overheats
Check the radiator fan.
If the fan is not working, turn the
engine off. Open the fuse box (page
194 ) and check the radiator fan fuse. If
the fuse is blown, replace it with the
proper (same rating) spare fuse. Start
the engine. If the malfunction indicator
lamp (MIL) and the coolant temperature
indicator go on, turn the engine off.
If the radiator fan is working, visually
check the coolant level in the reserve
tank, located behind the right middle
cowl (page 112 ). It isn’t necessary to
touch the radiator system.
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t
ride without adding coolant (page 112 ).
After adding coolant, turn the engine on
and check the temperature meter.
If the temperature doesn’t drop, do not
ride. The engine needs repair. Transport
192 Taking Care of the Unexpected
your motorcycle to a Honda dealer
(page 169 ).
If the temperature drops to normal,
check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue
to monitor the meter frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for
awhile, carefully watching the meter. Be
prepared to stop and add more coolant or
water. If the leak is bad, transport your
motorcycle to a Honda dealer (page 169 ).
05/11/25 12:39:57 31MEL620_202
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights
If you check your engine oil level
regularly, you should never see the low oil
pressure indicator and the malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL) go on while riding.
Normally, both will only light
momentarily when you turn the ignition
switch ON. Occasionally, it may flicker at
or near idling speed.
Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil
leak, a low oil level, or some problem in
the engine’s lubrication system.
If the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
and the low oil pressure indicator light
while you’re riding, don’t ignore them.
Pull safely to the side of the road. If
possible, pull the clutch lever in and coast
to a stop. Stop the engine as soon as it’s
safe to do so.
Continuing to ride with low oil pressure
can cause serious engine damage.
Check for an oil leak.
Then check the oil level. If necessary,
add the recommended oil (page 102 ) to
the upper level mark. If you must leave
your motorcycle to get oil, secure it as
much as possible.
After adding oil, start the engine, and
check that the low oil pressure indicator
and malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
go off. Check for a possible leak.
If the indicators go off and there is no
leak –– resume riding. If there is a leak
–– do not ride the motorcycle until the
leak is repaired by a Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
193
05/11/25 12:40:08 31MEL620_203
If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
motorcycle have fuses to protect them
from damage caused by excess current
flow (short circuit or overload).
If something electrical on your motorcycle
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Determine from the chart on the circuit
fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control
that component. Check those fuses first,
but check all the fuses before looking
elsewhere for another possible cause of
the problem. Replace any blown fuses and
check component operation.
194 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Main fuse (and spare) are located on the
starter motor magnetic switch ( 3 ) under
the front seat.
FI fuse is located under the front seat.
The circuit fuse box (including spare
fuses) is located behind the left middle
cowl.
Recommended Fuses
main fuse
FI fuse
other fuses
30A
20A
10A, 20A
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
2. Remove the front seat (page 92 ).
05/11/25 12:40:19 31MEL620_204
If a Fuse Blows
UNDER FRONT SEAT
(3)
(7) (6)
Main Fuse Access:
3. Lift the starter motor magnetic switch
( 1 ) slightly.
4. To access the main fuse ( 2 ), disconnect
the wire connector ( 3 ) of the starter
motor magnetic switch.
5. Pull the main fuse out. If it is blown ( 4 ),
install the spare main fuse ( 5 ).
MAIN FUSE
(5)
(1)
(4)
(2)
(1) starter motor magnetic switch
(2) main fuse
(3) wire connector
(5) spare main fuse
(6) FI fuse
(7) FI fuse cover
(4) blown fuse
6. Reconnect the wire connector.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
195
05/11/25 12:40:30 31MEL620_205
If a Fuse Blows
FI Fuse Access:
7. To access FI fuse ( 6 ), open the FI fuse
cover ( 7 ).
8. Pull FI fuse out.
If it is blown ( 8 ), install spare FI fuse
( 11 ).
The spare fuse is located in the fuse box.
FI FUSE
12. Open the fuse box cover ( 9 ).
BEHIND LEFT MIDDLE COWL
(9)
(8)
(11)
(8) blown fuse
9. Close the FI fuse cover.
10. Install the front seat.
Circuit Fuse Access:
11. Remove the left middle cowl (page
94 ).
196 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(9) fuse box cover
(11) spare fuses
13. To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull
the old fuse out of its retaining clips.
Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.
If the fuse is blown ( 10 ), replace it with
a spare fuse ( 11 ) of the same rating or
lower.
05/11/25 12:40:39 31MEL620_206
If a Fuse Blows
CIRCUIT FUSE
(10)
(10) blown fuse
14. Close the fuse box cover.
15. Install the left middle cowl.
If you do not have a replacement fuse with
the proper rating for the circuit, install one
with a lower rating.
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
If you do not have a spare fuse and you
cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing
the problem, take a fuse of the same rating
or a lower rating from one of the other
circuits that you can do without
temporarily.
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your motorcycle checked
by your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
197
05/11/25 12:40:45 31MEL620_207
If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after
any accident. If you or anyone else has
been injured, take time to assess the
severity of the injuries and whether it is
safe to continue riding. Call for
emergency assistance if needed. Also
follow applicable laws and regulations if
another person or vehicle is involved in
the accident.
If you decide you are capable of riding
safely, carefully inspect your motorcycle
for damage and determine if it is safe to
ride. Check the tightness of critical nuts
and bolts securing such parts as the
handlebar, control levers, brakes, and
wheels.
198 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your motorcycle
thoroughly checked at a qualified service
facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure
to have your Honda dealer check the
frame and suspension after any serious
crash.
If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Motorcycle, page 169 .
05/11/25 12:40:51 31MEL620_208
If You Lose Your Key
You should receive a key number plate
( 1 ) with your keys. Store this plate in a
safe place.
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
your motorcycle to them or the nearest
Honda dealer. The dealer will probably
have to remove the ignition switch
assembly to find the key number so they
can make a key for you.
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer you purchased
your Honda from. They may have it listed
in their records. If they don’t, transport
(1)
(1) key number plate
Taking Care of the Unexpected
199
05/11/25 12:40:56 31MEL620_209
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your motorcycle’s electrical
system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
200 Taking Care of the Unexpected
05/11/25 12:41:00 31MEL620_210
Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your motorcycle.
Vehicle Identification ........................... 202
Specifications ....................................... 205
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 212
Emission Control Systems ................... 213
Catalytic Converter
(California only) ................................... 219
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 220
Technical Information
201
05/11/25 12:41:06 31MEL620_211
Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The frame, VIN, and engine serial
numbers are required when you register
your motorcycle. They may also be
required when ordering replacement parts.
You may record these numbers in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of this
manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
appears on the Safety Certification Label
attached to the left side of the frame.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) VIN
202 Technical Information
05/11/25 12:41:12 31MEL620_212
Vehicle Identification
The frame number ( 2 ) is stamped on the
right side of the steering head.
The engine number ( 3 ) is stamped on the
rear of the crankcase.
RIGHT SIDE
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(2) frame number
(3)
(3) engine number
Technical Information
203
05/11/25 12:41:18 31MEL620_213
Vehicle Identification
UNDER REAR SEAT
Color Label & Code
(1)
The color label is attached on the rear
fender under the rear seat. Remove the
rear seat (page 93 ) to check the label.
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
204 Technical Information
(1) color label
05/11/25 12:41:26 31MEL620_214
Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
80.7 in (2,050 mm)
28.3 in (720 mm)
44.1 in (1,120 mm)
55.3 in (1,405 mm)
5.1 in (130 mm)
Technical Information
205
05/11/25 12:41:39 31MEL620_215
Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel
recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
drive chain lubricant
cooling system,
recommendation
cooling system,
capacity
premium unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 91
or higher
4.76 US gal (18.0 )
after disassembly: 4.0 US qt (3.8 )
after draining: 3.2 US qt (3.0 )
after draining & oil filter change: 3.3 US qt (3.1 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without molybdenum additives)
4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4-stroke oil
(Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil
SAE 80 or 90 gear oil
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality
ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum
engines
3.5 US qt (3.3 )
206 Technical Information
05/11/25 12:41:55 31MEL620_216
Specifications
Capacities
passenger
capacity
maximum weight
capacity
operator, one passenger
USA : 366 lbs (166 kg)
Canada : 375 lbs (170 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Engine Specifications
60.9 cu-in (998 cm )
displacement
2.95 × 2.22 in (75.0 × 56.5 mm)
bore & stroke
12.2 : 1
compression ratio
IMR9C-9HES (NGK)
spark plug
(standard)
VUH27ES (DENSO)
intake
0.006 in (0.16 mm)
valve clearance
exhaust 0.012 in (0.30 mm)
(cold)
1,200 ± 100 rpm
idle speed
Technical Information
207
05/11/25 12:42:11 31MEL620_217
Specifications
Power Transmission
primary reduction
gear ratio, 1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
final reduction
standard
sprocket sizes
final drive
1.604
2.538
1.941
1.578
1.380
1.250
1.160
2.625
drive (engine) sprocket: 16 teeth
driven (rear wheel) sprocket: 42 teeth
chain
DID 50VM2 or RK 50GFOZ1
208 Technical Information
05/11/25 12:42:21 31MEL620_218
Specifications
Chassis & Suspension
23°25’
caster
4.0 in (102 mm)
trail
120/70ZR17M/C (58W)
tire size, front
BRIDGESTONE
BT015F RADIAL G
PIRELLI
DIABLO CORSA E
190/50ZR17M/C (73W)
tire size, rear
BRIDGESTONE
BT015R RADIAL G
PIRELLI
DIABLO CORSA H
tire type
radial, tubeless
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
tire pressure, front
(cold)
42 psi (290 kPa , 2.90 kgf/cm )
tire pressure, rear
(cold)
Technical Information
209
05/11/25 12:42:36 31MEL620_219
Specifications
Electrical
battery
generator
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
turn signal lights
12V-8.6 Ah
0.344 kW/5,000 rpm
license light
position light
12V-55W (2 bulbs)
LED
12V-32/3CP (front)
12V-21W (rear)
12V-5W
12V-5W
Fuses
main
FI
other fuses
30A
20A
10A, 20A
210 Technical Information
05/11/25 12:42:48 31MEL620_220
Specifications
Torque Specifications
22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.0 kgf·m)
engine oil drain bolt
20 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
engine oil filter
58 lbf·ft (79 N·m , 8.0 kgf·m)
front wheel axle
bolt
33 lbf·ft (45 N·m , 4.6 kgf·m)
front wheel caliper
fixing bolts
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
front wheel axle
pinch bolts
83 lbf·ft (113 N·m , 11.5 kgf·m)
rear wheel axle nut
Technical Information
211
05/11/25 12:42:51 31MEL620_221
Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your motorcycle’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 300 miles (500 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
212 Technical Information
05/11/25 12:42:57 31MEL620_222
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada require that your
motorcycle comply with applicable
exhaust emissions standards during its
useful life, when operated and maintained
according to the instructions provided.
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that motorcycles
built after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided. (USA only)
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (USA only)
(2)
(1)
(1) vehicle emission control information
label
(2) vehicle emission control information
label (Canada only)
Technical Information
213
05/11/25 12:43:02 31MEL620_223
Emission Control Systems
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label ( 1 ) ( 2 ) is attached on
the rear fender under the rear seat.
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx)
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various
systems to reduce carbon monoxide,
oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.
214 Technical Information
05/11/25 12:43:07 31MEL620_224
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system
includes a secondary air supply system,
and a PGM-FI system. (California only:
also includes an oxidation catalytic
converter.)
No adjustment to these systems should be
made although periodic inspection of the
components is recommended.
PGM-FI System
The PGM-FI system uses dual sequential
fuel injection. It has four subsystems: Air
Intake, Engine Control, Fuel Control, and
Exhaust Control.
The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses
various sensors to determine how much air
is going into the engine. It then controls
how much fuel to inject under all
operating conditions.
Ignition Timing Control System
The system constantly adjusts the ignition
timing, reducing the amount of HC, CO
and NOx produced.
Technical Information
215
05/11/25 12:43:12 31MEL620_225
Emission Control Systems
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system
introduces filtered air into the exhaust
gases in the exhaust port. The secondary
air injection system helps improve
emission performance.
Oxidation Catalytic Converter
(Calif ornia only)
The oxidation catalytic converter is in the
exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC and CO in the
engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide (CO2)
and water vapor.
216 Technical Information
Evaporative Emission Control System
(California only)
This motorcycle complies with the
requirements of the California Air
Resources Board (CARB) evaporative
emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the
fuel tank is directed into the charcoal
canister and air cleaner where it is
adsorbed and stored while the engine is
stopped. When the engine is running and
the purge control solenoid valve is open,
fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air
cleaner is drawn into the engine through
the throttle body.
05/11/25 12:43:17 31MEL620_226
Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
intake manifold.
Problems That May Affect Motorcycle
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda
motorcycle dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
Technical Information
217
05/11/25 12:43:23 31MEL620_227
Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
218 Technical Information
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
05/11/25 12:43:27 31MEL620_228
Catalytic Converter (California Only)
This motorcycle is equipped with an
oxidation catalytic converter.
The catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converter acts on HC and
CO. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or its equivalent.
The catalytic converter must operate at a
high temperature for the chemical
reactions to take place. It can set fire to
any combustible materials that come near
it. Park your motorcycle away from high
grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.
A defective catalytic converter contributes
to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these
guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s
catalytic converter.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a
small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making
the catalytic converter ineffective.
Keep the engine tuned-up.
Have your motorcycle diagnosed and
repaired if it is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling or otherwise not running
properly.
Technical Information
219
05/11/25 12:43:34 31MEL620_229
Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
220 Technical Information
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
05/11/25 12:43:41 31MEL620_230
Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
Technical Information
221
05/11/25 12:43:43 31MEL620_231
222 Technical Information
05/11/25 12:43:48 31MEL620_232
Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
service manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................. 224
Warranty Coverage .............................. 227
Warranty Service .................................. 228
Contacting Honda ................................. 229
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 230
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 231
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 232
Consumer Information
223
05/11/25 12:43:56 31MEL620_233
Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.
(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)
Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems
common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61MEL02
2006 CBR1000RR Service Manual
$60.00
61CM002
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31MEL620
2006 CBR1000RR Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
224 Consumer Information
05/11/25 12:44:07 31MEL620_234
Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item Description
Qty.
Item No.
*
Price
Total
Each*
Price
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
Mich. Add 6 %
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Calif. Add 8.25 %
delivery.
Handling Charge
$5.00
Grand Total
Consumer Information
225
05/11/25 12:44:23 31MEL620_235
S
H
I
P
T
O
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
Customer Name
Attention
Street Address - No P. O. Box Number
Apartment Number
City
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
MasterCard
Zip Code
Check here if your billing address is different from the
shipping address shown above.
Account Number
Expiration: Mo. Yr.
−
VISA
Discover
Customer Signature
Date
These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. On returns, a restocking fee may
be applied against the original order.
HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
226 Consumer Information
05/11/25 12:44:31 31MEL620_236
Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Motorcycle Limited Warranty
Exhaust Emission Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet (USA only).
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan (USA only). For more information,
see your Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the motorcycle.
Consumer Information
227
05/11/25 12:44:36 31MEL620_237
Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your motorcycle, call the service
department of your Honda dealer. Make
an appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize
that inspection. Your dealer will give you
the results of the inspection. If the
problem is covered under warranty, your
dealer will perform the warranty repairs
for you.
228 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the service manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
05/11/25 12:44:44 31MEL620_238
Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2220, Torrance,
CA 90509-2220, mailstop: 100-4C-7B,
telephone: (866) 784-1870.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and frame/VIN
serial number
date of purchase
dealer name and address
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address (USA only):
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet
that was supplied with your vehicle.
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
Consumer Information
229
05/11/25 12:44:51 31MEL620_239
Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Genuine
Honda parts, Pro Honda products,
Hondaline accessories (USA only), and
Honda accessories and products (Canada
only). The same quality that went into
your Honda can be found in Genuine
Honda replacement parts. You’ll also find
comparable quality in the accessories and
230 Consumer Information
products available from the parts
department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about American
Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the
Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA
only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
05/11/25 12:45:03 31MEL620_240
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
One of the best ways to get the most
enjoyment from owning and riding your
Honda is through the Honda Rider’s Club
of America. Your purchase of a new
motorcycle, scooter, ATV or PWC from a
participating U.S. Honda dealer entitles
you to a complimentary one-year
membership in the Club. There are
hundreds of HRCA Chapter sponsoring
dealers across the USA with events and
activities almost every weekend.
Membership benefits include:
24 hour, toll-free roadside assistance for
your new Honda (includes roadside
assistance for your transport vehicle as
long as your Honda is aboard or in tow).
Vehicle transport to the nearest Honda
dealer or service center, if necessary.
An exclusive HRCA website complete
with access to the official Honda
Common Service Manual, contests,
insider information and more.
Reimbursement (up to $75) for
Motorcycle Safety Foundation training.
Separate free training from the
Specialty Vehicle Institute of America
for ATV owners.
One full year of the Honda Red Rider
magazine or Honda Red Rider ATV (for
ATV purchasers).
Discounts from HRCA partners for
experienced rider courses.
Discounted vehicle insurance from the
HRCA’s insurance partner.
Racing contingency programs and
assistance at selected dual-sport, offroad, and motocross events.
Contact your Honda dealer for more
information or call: 1 800-847-HRCA or
log on to www.hrca.honda.com.
Consumer Information
231
05/11/25 12:45:09 31MEL620_241
Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or could
cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
in addition to notifying American Honda
Motor Co., Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it
may open an investigation, and if it finds
that a safety defect exists in a group of
vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or American
Honda Motor Co., Inc.
232 Consumer Information
To contact NHTSA, you may call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-800-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9153);
go to http://www.saf ercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh
Street, SW., Washington, DC. 20590.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from http://
www.saf ercar.gov.
05/11/25 12:45:11 31MEL620_242
Consumer Information
233
05/11/25 12:45:16 31MEL620_243
Table of Contents
The following presents the contents of
each section of your owner’s manual.
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY ................... 1
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Accessories & Modifications ................... 5
Safety Labels ............................................ 7
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS ........ 9
Operation Component Locations ........... 11
Gauges, Indicators & Displays............... 14
Multi-function Display....................... 22
Coolant Temperature Meter ............... 23
PGM-FI Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)... 25
Low Oil Pressure Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)... 26
Coolant Temperature Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)... 27
234 Table of Contents
HESD Indicator and
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)... 28
Speedometer ....................................... 29
Odometer ............................................ 29
Tripmeter A & B ................................ 31
Digital Clock ...................................... 32
Changing the Speed and Mileage
Unit ..................................................... 34
Changing the Temperature Unit ........ 35
Presetting the Shift Indicator and
Selecting the Display.......................... 36
05/11/25 12:45:21 31MEL620_244
Table of Contents
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS (cont’d)
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................... 39
Start Button ......................................... 40
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 40
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 41
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 41
Horn Button ........................................ 42
RESET Button .................................... 42
SEL Button ......................................... 43
HESD (Honda Electronic Steering
Damper) .............................................. 44
BEFORE RIDING................................ 45
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 46
Protective Apparel .............................. 46
Rider Training .................................... 48
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .... 49
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 49
Load Limits & Guidelines...................... 52
Loading ............................................... 52
Load Limits ........................................ 53
Loading Guidelines ............................ 53
BASIC OPERATION & RIDING ...... 55
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 56
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 57
Preparation .......................................... 57
Starting Procedure .............................. 58
Flooded Engine................................... 59
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off
System................................................. 59
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 60
Shifting Gears ......................................... 61
Braking ................................................... 63
Parking .................................................... 65
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .......... 70
(cont’d)
Table of Contents
235
05/11/25 12:45:31 31MEL620_245
Table of Contents
SERVICING YOUR HONDA ............ 71
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 74
Maintenance Safety ................................ 75
Important Safety Precautions ............. 76
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 78
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 80
Maintenance Record ............................... 85
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations ...... 87
Tool Kit ................................................... 90
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 91
Seat Removal .......................................... 92
Middle Cowl Removal ........................... 94
Inner Lower Cowl Removal ................... 95
Lower Cowl Removal ............................ 96
Clip Removal .......................................... 97
236 Table of Contents
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 98
Engine Oil & Filter ............................... 101
Coolant.................................................. 111
Engine
Throttle ................................................. 115
Clutch System....................................... 117
Engine Idle Speed................................. 120
Chassis
Suspension ............................................ 122
Brakes ................................................... 131
Tires ...................................................... 137
Side Stand ............................................. 144
Drive Chain........................................... 145
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Table of Contents
SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)
Electrical
Battery................................................... 152
Appearance Care .................................. 157
TIPS...................................................... 165
Storing Your Honda ............................. 166
Transporting Your Motorcycle ............ 169
You & the Environment ....................... 170
TAKING CARE OF THE
UNEXPECTED .................................. 171
General Guidelines ............................... 172
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start ... 173
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 178
If Your Engine Overheats .................... 191
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator
Lights .................................................... 193
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 194
If You Crash ......................................... 198
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 199
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) ........ 200
(cont’d)
Table of Contents
237
05/11/25 12:45:42 31MEL620_247
Table of Contents
TECHNICAL INFORMATION ...... 201
Vehicle Identification ........................... 202
Specifications ....................................... 205
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 212
Emission Control Systems ................... 213
Catalytic Converter
(California only) ................................... 219
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 220
CONSUMER INFORMATION ....... 223
Authorized Manuals ............................. 224
Warranty Coverage .............................. 227
Warranty Service .................................. 228
Contacting Honda ................................. 229
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 230
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 231
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 232
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................. 234
INDEX ................................................. 240
QUICK REFERENCE
238 Table of Contents
05/11/25 12:45:44 31MEL620_248
Table of Contents
239
05/11/25 12:45:50 31MEL620_249
Index
A
accessories ................................................ 5
air pressure, tires ................................... 137
American Honda, contacting................ 229
apparel, protective .................................. 46
appearance care .................................... 157
B
bank angle sensor ................................... 59
battery ................................................... 152
brakes,
fluid................................................... 132
front lever adjustment ...................... 131
pad wear............................................ 135
braking .................................................... 63
break-in guidelines ............................... 212
240 Index
button,
RESET ................................................ 42
SEL ..................................................... 43
C
capacity, fuel .......................................... 99
care, appearance ................................... 157
catalytic converter ................................ 219
chain, drive ........................................... 145
cleaning,
appearance care .................................157
matte color painted surface .............. 163
clip............................................................97
clock, digital ............................................32
clutch system ........................................ 117
color label ............................................. 204
compartment, owner’s manual ............... 91
05/11/25 12:45:56 31MEL620_250
Index
consumer information .......................... 223
coolant................................................... 111
coolant temperature meter ...................... 23
cowl removal,
inner lower cowl ................................. 95
middle cowl ........................................ 94
lower cowl .......................................... 96
customer service ................................... 229
D
damping, suspension, rear .................... 129
defects, safety ....................................... 232
digital clock ............................................ 32
display,
check ................................................... 16
multi-function ..................................... 22
drive chain ............................................ 145
E
emission control systems ...................... 213
engine,
flooded ................................................ 59
idle speed .......................................... 120
low oil pressure................................. 193
number .............................................. 203
oil ...................................................... 101
overheats ........................................... 191
pinging ................................................ 98
starting ................................................ 57
stop switch .......................................... 40
stopping............................................... 60
won’t start ......................................... 173
environment .......................................... 170
Index
241
05/11/25 12:46:02 31MEL620_251
Index
F
flat tire................................................... 178
flooded engine ........................................ 59
frame number ....................................... 203
fuel,
oxygenated........................................ 220
recommendation ................................. 98
tank capacity ....................................... 99
fuses ...................................................... 194
H
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 41
helmet holder .......................................... 67
high beam indicator ................................ 14
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 229
Rider’s Club...................................... 231
dealer................................................. 230
Honda service manual .......................... 224
horn button .............................................. 42
G
I
gasohol .................................................. 220
gasoline ................................................... 98
gauges, indicators & displays ................. 14
242 Index
identification, vehicle ........................... 202
idle speed, engine ................................. 120
ignition cutoff system,
bank angle ........................................... 59
side stand ............................................ 57
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Index
ignition switch ........................................ 39
indicators................................................. 14
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 49
K
key, lost ................................................. 199
kit, tool .................................................... 90
L
labels, safety ............................................. 7
lamp check .............................................. 15
limit, weight ............................................ 53
load limits ............................................... 53
loading guidelines................................... 53
lock, steering ........................................... 66
M
maintenance,
component locations........................... 87
importance .......................................... 74
periodic ............................................... 78
record .................................................. 85
safety................................................... 75
schedule .............................................. 80
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) ... 14, 18
manual, service ..................................... 224
maximum weight limit ........................... 53
matte painted surface, clean ................. 163
meter check ............................................. 15
modifications ............................................ 6
N
numbers, serial ...................................... 202
Index
243
05/11/25 12:46:15 31MEL620_253
Index
O
odometer ........................................... 14, 29
oil,
engine................................................ 101
low pressure ...................................... 193
operating controls ................................... 39
operation component locations .............. 11
overheat, engine.................................... 191
owner’s manual storage .......................... 91
oxygenated fuels................................... 220
P
parking .................................................... 65
pinging, engine ....................................... 98
pre-load, suspension
front .................................................. 124
rear .................................................... 128
244 Index
pre-ride inspection .................................. 49
problems, unexpected ........................... 171
protective apparel ................................... 46
R
removal,
clip ...................................................... 97
inner lower cowl ................................. 95
middle cowl ........................................ 94
lower cowl .......................................... 96
seat ...................................................... 92
reporting safety defects ........................ 232
RESET button......................................... 42
rider training ....................................... 3, 48
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 231
05/11/25 12:46:20 31MEL620_254
Index
riding,
basic operation .................................... 55
clothing ............................................... 46
precautions .......................................... 56
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 56
with passenger or cargo ...................... 70
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 76
labels ..................................................... 7
reporting defects ............................... 232
riding precautions ............................... 56
schedule, maintenance............................ 80
seat removal ............................................ 92
SEL button .............................................. 43
sensor, bank angle .................................. 59
serial numbers ....................................... 202
service,
customer............................................ 229
manuals ............................................. 224
warranty ............................................ 228
shifting gears .......................................... 61
shift indicator .......................................... 36
side stand .............................................. 144
side stand ignition cutoff system ........... 57
spark knock ............................................. 98
specifications ........................................ 205
speedometer ...................................... 14, 29
stand, side ............................................. 144
start button .............................................. 40
starting,
engine .................................................. 57
troubleshooting ................................. 174
steering lock ............................................ 66
stop switch, engine ................................. 40
stopping engine ....................................... 60
(cont’d)
Index
245
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Index
storage,
motorcycle ........................................ 166
owner’s manual .................................. 91
suspension,
front suspension adjustment............. 123
front suspension spring pre-load ...... 124
front suspension damping ................ 125
rear suspension adjustment .............. 127
rear suspension spring pre-load........ 128
rear suspension damping .................. 129
switch,
engine stop .......................................... 40
headlight dimmer................................ 41
ignition ................................................ 39
turn signal ........................................... 41
246 Index
T
tachometer ........................................ 14, 17
temperature meter, coolant ..................... 23
theft prevention tips................................ 68
throttle ................................................... 115
tires,
air pressure........................................ 137
flat ..................................................... 178
replacing ........................................... 141
tool kit ..................................................... 90
training, rider ...................................... 3, 48
transporting your motorcycle ............... 169
tripmeter............................................ 14, 31
trouble, unexpected .............................. 171
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 174
turn signal indicators .............................. 14
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Index
V
vehicle identification no. (VIN) ........... 202
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 227
extended ............................................ 227
service ............................................... 228
washing your motorcycle ..................... 157
weight limit ............................................. 53
wheels,
front removal .................................... 181
rear removal ...................................... 187
Index
247
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248 Memo
05/11/25 12:46:34 31MEL620_258
Memo
249
05/11/25 12:46:36 31MEL620_259
250 Memo
05/11/25 12:46:45 31MEL620_260
Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How To Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil: insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner: dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
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Quick Reference
VIN/Frame No.
Engine No.
Frame No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
05/11/25 12:47:02 31MEL620_262
Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Engine Oil
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 49 ): tires &
wheels, chain, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.
Check the following items monthly (page 79 ): tires & wheels, fluids,
lights, freeplay, drive chain, fuses, nuts & bolts.
premium unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 91 or higher
4.76 US gal (18.0 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil
or equivalent
366 lbs (166 kg)
375 lbs (170 kg) Canada
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Quick Reference
05/11/25 16:00:14 31MEL620_263
Quick Reference
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plugs
Coolant
Fuses
Quick Reference
Front: 120/70ZR17M/C (58W)
BRIDGESTONE BT015F RADIAL G or
PIRELLI DIABLO CORSA E
Rear: 190/50ZR17M/C (73W)
BRIDGESTONE BT015R RADIAL G or
PIRELLI DIABLO CORSA H
Type:
radial, tubeless
Front: 36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
Rear: 42 psi (290 kPa , 2.90 kgf/cm )
IMR9C-9HES (NGK)
standard:
VUH27ES (DENSO)
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50
solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water
main: 30A
20A
FI:
other: 10A, 20A
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