spa-4s installation instructions

spa-4s installation instructions
SPA-4S INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
INTRODUCTION
HARDWARE SUPPLIED
ATTENTION INSTALLER: To assure a trouble free Besides the intercom unit and instructions, each SPA-4S sysinstallation, please read the entire instructions tem comes with the following hardware:
through once before beginning.
SPA-4S SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS
CONFIGURATION - The Sigtronics SPA-4S Intercom system is
specifically designed for permanent, panel mounted installation
in aircraft. The SPA-4S provides voice activated (VOX) intercom
and music input for up to four headset positions in a small single
chassis unit.
UPGRADE - A SPA-4S can upgrade an existing SPA-400
installation requiring minimal re-wiring.
STEREO MUSIC INPUT - Music input accepts standard portable music headphone or line level outputs. Automobile
Speaker level outputs can be adapted for use with SPA-4S systems.
COMPATIBILITY - Sigtronics SPA-4S intercoms have been
designed to operate with all standard general aviation aircraft
radios and headsets.
SIZE: Panel 1" x 2.5". Chassis - 1" high x 2.5" wide x 4" deep.
Can be mounted either horizontally or vertically in the aircraft
panel.
WEIGHT: 5.5 ounces (SPA-4S intercom unit with panel and
knobs). Jacks and wiring harness weigh 7.0 ounces
Headphone Output Jacks - Accept standard 0.250"
aircraft stereo headphone plugs.
4
Microphone Input Jacks - Accept standard 0.206"
aircraft microphone plugs. (U93 plug compatible
jacks can be used in place of the jacks provided –
monaural installations only).
4
Mic Jack Insulating Washers, Flat
4
Mic Jack Insulating Washers, Shoulder
4
Intercom Panel - lettered on both sides.
1
Intercom Control Knobs
2
Mounting Screws 4-40 x 1/2
2
Drill Template - Adhesive backed hole size pattern
for drilling aircraft panel.
1
Intercom/Aircraft Interface Cable (4 feet long)
1
Headphone/Music Interface Cable (4 feet long)
1
Stereo music input jack 3.5mm
1
MUSIC MUTE OPTIONS
INPUT POWER: 11VDC through 32VDC. Maximum current
FACTORY DEFAULT - PARTIAL MUSIC MUTE DURING ICS drain 0.11 Amps
When listening to music and someone speaks on the intercom
DISTORTION: Less than 1% total harmonic distortion.
the default factory operation is to partially mute the music so
you can hear the conversation. The SPA-4S intercoms have two
WARRANTY: SPA-4S intercoms are constructed of high quality options that can be enabled if desired. These options are enabled with the intercom removed from the aircraft.
components and carry a five year parts and labor warranty.
MADE IN THE USA
OPTION "A" - FULL MUSIC MUTE DURING ICS - The music
can be completely muted during intercom conversations. To
enable this option, small jumper wires are installed on the solder
side of the circuit board.
OPTION "B" - NO MUSIC MUTE DURING ICS - The music will
not be muted during intercom conversations. To enable this
option, circuit traces are cut on the solder side of the circuit
board.
NOTE - During radio transmission and reception, the music will
always be fully muted. This is for communication safety reasons.
HIGH NOISE VERSION
Model SPA-4SN – The “N” version of the SPA-4S has all the
above features but is specifically configured for very high noise
Specialists in “SOUND” Management
SIGTRONICS CORP. 949 N. Cataract Ave., #D, San Dimas, CA 91773 (909) 305-9399
environments such as open cockpit aircraft, warbirds, and ultralights. In addition to special circuitry that improves intercom performance in high noise aircraft, the SPA-4SN has a Push-tointercom mode for applications where voice activated (VOX) intercom operation is not desired.
5. Install the knobs on the Volume (VOL) and Squelch (SQ)
control shafts and tighten the Allen screws.
CHASSIS INSTALLATION
TIP
To upgrade an existing SPA-400 installation to a SPA-4S skip to
the “UPGRADING A SPA INSTALLATION TO A SPA-4S” section
on page 4. For a completely new intercom installation, continue
below.
NUT
BARREL
RING
UNIT PLACEMENT
The SPA-4S unit has been designed to mount either horizontally
or vertically in your aircraft panel. The location selected for the
SPA-4S unit requires a minimum front panel area of 2 1/2" by 1".
Depth required behind panel is 4" plus cable access.
MICROPHONE JACK
FIGURE 3
1. Locate the mounting areas. (One mic and one headphone jack
required for each headset). Again, make sure that the jacks
will not interfere with any aircraft control components. (Note
that the jack contacts will expand when a plug is inserted into
the jack and must have clearance to prevent shorting.)
PANEL PREPARATION:
1. Position the adhesive drill template on the aircraft panel in the
selected area.
2. Drill 3/8" diameter holes for headphone jacks and install.
3. Drill 1/2" diameter holes for the mic jacks and install with the
insulating washers supplied. (See Figure 3).
2. Center punch each hole at the cross lines. (Five holes are in a
straight line and equally spaced 0.4" apart)
Note: If the aircraft already has pilot headset jacks, the location
can be used for intercom with the following changes. The mic
jack must be re-wired as follows:
3. Drill 1/8" pilot holes in all five places.
4. Enlarge holes to 1/4" and 3/8" per the template.
1. Remove any existing wires from the tip, ring, and barrel connections.
INTERCOM
PANEL
2. Connect the intercom white/black wire to the ring terminal.
KNOB
DO NOT REMOVE
THESE NUTS
AIRCRAFT
PANEL
MOUNTING HEADPHONE AND MICROPHONE JACKS (See
Figure 3)
CAUTION: Move the aircraft flight controls through the limits of
travel while observing the selected area and making sure that the
rear of the intercom and cable will not interfere with any aircraft
control components.
AIRCRAFT
PANEL
FLAT
INSULATED
WASHER
FLAT
METAL
WASHER
SHOULDER
WASHER
SWITCH
NUT
3. Connect one end of a ground wire to the barrel terminal of the
mic jack and connect the other end to Intercom Central ground
Point “A”.
4-40 SCREWS
4. Install insulating washers as necessary if the barrel of the mic
jack is mounted in metal.
KNOB
INTERCOM
For the headphone jack, replace the mono headphone jack with
the stereo headphone jack. Connect the green wire (P2 pin 1) to
the tip connection. Connect the white/green wire (P2 pin 2) to the
ring connection.
FIGURE 2
MOUNTING CHASSIS (See Figure 2)
WIRING INSTRUCTIONS
1. Remove the knobs from the Volume and Squelch controls using a 0.050" Allen wrench. Remove the nut from the ON/OFF
switch. NOTE: DO NOT REMOVE the nuts from the Volume
and Squelch controls.
Connections should be made as shown in Figure 4 and indicated
in Tables 1 and 2. Read also the referenced notes following Table
2. If longer wire lengths are required, use a good quailty multistranded hook-up wire - 22 gauge or larger. Although not necessary, shielded audio wire can be used if desired.
2. Insert the SPA-4S unit from the rear of the aircraft panel with
the appropriate arrow on the unit chassis pointing upwards.
3. Install the printed SPA-4S panel and lightly thread the two 4-40
screws through the holes in intercom panel. The nuts on the
Volume and Squelch controls will fit inside the 3/8" diameter
holes.
4. Tighten the two screws and switch nut.
2
FIGURE 4
the blue wire. Select a value between 220 and 560 ohms for
best results.
TABLE 1 - P1/J1 - See Wiring Instructions
PIN WIRE COLOR FUNCTION
CONNECT TO
1 White/Black
Pilot Mic Input
Ring Terminal of Pilot Mic Jack
Pilot Transmit Switch
Pilot Transmit Switch (PTT)
2 White/Red
Input
(Switch to Ground to Transmit)
3 Blue
*1 Radio Headphone Input Radio Headphone Output
Intercom Central
4 Black
*2
Aircraft Chassis Ground
Grounding Point “A”
Tip Terminal of Aircraft Hand Mic
Radio Transmit Key
5 White
Jack, or Key Input of Aircraft Radio
Output
or Audio Panel
Ring Terminal of Aircraft Hand Mic
Transmit Mic Audio
6 Brown
Jack or Mic Input of Aircraft Radio
Output
or Audio Panel
12 through 28 VDC
7 Red
*3
Intercom Circuit Breaker
Power Input
Ring Terminal of Passenger #1
8 Tan
*4 Passenger #1 Mic Input
Intercom Mic Jack
Ring Terminal of Passenger #2
9 Tan
*4 Passenger #2 Mic Input
Intercom Mic Jack
Co-Pilot Transmit Switch Co-Pilot Transmit Switch (PTT)
10 White/Blue
Input
(Switch to Ground to Transmit)
11 White/Orange Co-Pilot Mic Input
Ring Terminal of Co-Pilot Mic Jack
12 Violet
*7 ICS PTT
ICS PTT Switches
2. Connect all intercom mic jack grounds to a single aircraft chassis ground point - Intercom Central ground Point “A” - as shown
in Figure 4. (Use the black washers supplied to insulate the intercom mic jacks from aircraft chassis ground). Note this intercom central grounding point is used to eliminate any unwanted
electrical noises, such as alternator whine or strobe noise, from
being induced into the intercom system through the grounds.
All intercom mic jack barrels must be insulated from ground
where they are mounted and connected back to Intercom Central Ground Point “A” on their own individual ground wire. Similarly, both intercom ground wires (J1 pin 4) and the push-totransmit switch grounds must also be connected back to Intercom Central Ground Point “A”. It is not necessary, however, to
connect the headphone jack barrels to Intercom Central
Ground Point “A”. They can either be grounded where they are
mounted or some place nearby.
3. The red wire may be connected to either 12V (14V) or 24V
(28V) power source. No switching or adjustments are required
to operate from either source.
TABLE 2 - P2/J2 - See Wiring Instructions
PIN WIRE COLOR FUNCTION
CONNECT TO
Intercom Right
1 Green
Tip Terminal of Headphone Jack
*6
Headphone Output
White/Green
Intercom Left Head2
Ring Terminal of Headphone Jack
*6
phone Output
3 N/C
None
No Connection
White/Brown
Music Input
Left Music Source
4
*5
Left Channel
Headphone or Line output
Music Input
Music Source Common
5 Black
*5
Common
Headphone or Line Output
White/Violet
Music Input
Right Music Source
6
*5
Right Channel
Headphone or Line Output
4. Tan wires (J1 pins 8, 9) are only used on installations that require the two rear intercom positions.
5. The SPA-4S system provides a stereo music input. This music
input accepts portable music Headphone or Line level music
sources. The wiring diagram shows how to wire the SPA-4S for
use with a portable stereo music source. A small stereo input
jack is supplied for this purpose. Connect the White/Brown,
White/Violet, and Black wires to one jack as shown in Figure 4.
Identify the jack terminals using Figure 5. Drill a 1/4-inch hole
for the jack and mount on the aircraft panel. To use, connect an
adapter cable between the music input jack and the output of
1. The blue wire from Pin 3 must be connected to the aircraft radio
headphone output - NOT the speaker output. NOTE – If aircraft
radio volume heard in the headsets changes significantly when
switching the ON/OFF switch a minor modification to the installation will fix this. Just install a small ¼ watt resistor inline with
3
the portable stereo.
Suitable cables are
available at your local Stereo or electronics store as well
as from Sigtronics.
FIGURE 5
switch. NOTE: DO NOT REMOVE the nuts from the Volume or
Squelch (VOL/ SQ) controls.
AIRCRAFT PANEL
2. Insert the SPA-4S unit from the rear of the aircraft panel with
the appropriate arrow on the unit chassis pointing upwards.
WHITE/VIOLET
TIP (RIGHT)
3. Install the printed SPA-4S panel and lightly thread the two 4-40
screws through the holes in intercom panel. The nuts on the
Volume/Squelch controls should fit inside the aircraft panel
holes.
WHITE/BROWN
Speaker level output
RING (LEFT)
car stereo music
NUT
sources can also be
BLACK
used with the SPABARREL (COMMON)
4S system. A Floating Ground Adapter
or a four wire to three wire converter will have to be used between the Stereo and the SPA-4S music input. Figure 6 shows
such an adapter and how it is wired into the SPA-4S.
+
+
RIGHT
-
R
C
+
-
R
-
Wiring Change
J2 (6) WHITE/VIOLET
The wiring changes to an existing SPA installation are as follows.
Re-wire the pilot, co-pilot, and passenger(s) headphone lines. You
will not need the 4-foot intercom/aircraft interface cable (12 pin)
that comes with the SPA-4S system. You will use the SPA harness already in the aircraft and the 4-foot headphone/music interface cable (6 pin).
TO
SPA-4S
STEREO
LEFT
5. Put the knobs on the Volume and Squelch control shafts,
tighten the Allen screws, and switch nut.
C
+
4. Tighten the two screws
NO
CONNECTION
J2 (4) WHITE/BROWN
J2 (5) BLACK
In a SPA-400 installation, the tip terminals of the pilot, co-pilot, and
passenger headphone jacks are wired to the blue wire (pin 3).
R - 100 OHM, 5 WATT RESISTOR
They need to be disconnected from there, the mono headphone
FIGURE 6
C - 220 MFD, 25 VOLT CAPACITOR
jacks need to be replaced with the supplied stereo headphone
jacks and connected to their respective pins on the head6. The Sigtronics SPA-4S system can be installed as shown for phone/music interface harness. (See Figure 4 on page 3) Make
use with Stereo headsets. Alternatively, monaural general avia- sure that the blue wire (pin 3) is still connected to the tip of the
tion type headsets can be used. To use monaural headsets fol- radio headphone line. Wire the music input as shown in Figure 4
low the installation instructions as normal except for the wiring on page 3.
of the stereo headphone jacks. Use the stereo headphone
MONO MUSIC
jacks supplied with the Sigtronics SPA-4S but leave the “RING”
connections open. Instead connect both headphone wires to Rewire the headphone jacks as shown in the installation wiring
the “TIP” of the respective jacks. Connect both the diagram. For mono music you can use the existing jacks. Connect
WHITE/GREEN and GREEN on to the TIP of the headphone the green P2(1) and the white/green P2(2) to tip terminal of the
phone jacks.
jack.
7. The Violet wire (J1 pin 12) is provided on SPA-4SN models
only for an optional Push-to-intercom function. For wiring and
additional instructions on the SPA-4SN see the “SPA-4SN
PUSH-TO-INTERCOM INSTRUCTIONS” section on page 5.
NOTE: Make sure that the blue headphone wire from the original
SPA-400 installation is not connected to the headphone jacks tip
connection and is connected to the aircraft audio panel or radio as
shown in figure 4 on page 3.
Make sure any unused wires are properly insulated and kept from
INSTALLATION CHECK-OUT AND ADJUSTMENTS
shorting to any other wires or aircraft ground. Skip down to the
“INSTALLATION CHECK OUT AND ADJUSTMENT” section on After the unit is installed, again check that the SPA-4S unit chasthis page.
sis, jacks, and wiring harness are clear of all aircraft operating
controls and cause no interference with them. Next, to check out
UPGRADING A SPA INSTALLATION TO A SPA-4S the SPA-4S unit installation, plug in all the headset mic and phone
plugs into the respective intercom jacks. Put on the pilot’s headset
and position the boom mic close to the mouth. Voice clarity is best
Chassis Mounting
when the mic is at one side of the mouth and 1/4" from the lips.
The SPA-4S is specifically designed to easily replace a SPA-400.
The intercoms are exactly the same dimensions (1" x 2.5" x 4"). To assure that the aircraft radios, pilot’s headset, and PTT switch
Five mounting holes are exactly in the same positions. To up- are connected and functioning properly, switch the SPA-4S
grade, first remove the SPA-400 unit from the aircraft panel. This ON/OFF switch to the "off" position. If applicable, set the aircraft
is done by unscrewing the two Phillips head screws and the nut on audio panel to “Headphone” position. Then turn on the aircraft
the ON/OFF switch. Remove the printed SPA-400 panel. Pull the radio(s) as usual, and verify that the pilot can hear the radios and
SPA-400 unit out and unplug the white connector from the wiring can transmit using his push-to-transmit switch and headset. Airharness. Finally mount the SPA-4S chassis (see Figure 2 on page craft radio(s) and audio panel should operate exactly as they did
before the SPA-4S system was installed. Aircraft radio reception
2):
should also be heard in the co-pilot and passenger headsets.
1. Remove the knobs from the Volume and Squelch controls using There should be no intercom between headsets with the SPA-4S
a 0.050" Allen wrench. Remove the nut form the ON/OFF unit "off".
4
Next turn the SPA-4S unit "on". Set the SPA-4S volume control to
mid-position. Set SPA-4S squelch control fully clockwise. Verify
that the Pilot and co-pilot can operate the aircraft radio(s). As before, all headsets on the intercom will hear the aircraft radio(s).
Check that all headset positions can intercom.
FIGURE 7
It may be necessary at this time to adjust the SPA-4S unit mic
output to the aircraft radios. A small adjustable potentiometer is
provided inside the unit for this purpose. It is accessible through a
hole in the side of the SPA-4S chassis. It is marked “Mod. Adj.”,
and can be adjusted with a small blade screwdriver. In the event
of over-modulation (garbled) or reports of weak transmissions over
the aircraft radio, an appropriate adjustment can be made. Clockwise rotation increases the output level to the aircraft radio mic
input. Counter-clockwise rotation decreases modulation level. This
adjustment sometimes needs to be made after the initial installation of the intercom or if a new radio is installed. (The output is set
for unity gain at Sigtronics).
You are now ready to check for proper wiring of the music source.
First, make sure squelch is off (full counter clockwise) and intercom is ON. Turn on the music source and listen for music through
pilot and co-pilot headsets, and passenger headsets. There
should be music.
FIGURE 8
If everything checks out, refer to the SPA-4S OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS sheet for proper use and other operating modes of
the Sigtronics SPA-4S intercom system. If something does not
work as described, carefully go over the intercom wiring again. If
something is still not right or you have any questions regarding the
installation and operation of the Sigtronics SPA-4S intercom or
any other Sigtronics product feel free to contact us directly or
email us at [email protected] Technicians are available Monday though Friday 8 am to 4:30 PM Pacific time.
See the separate SPA-4S OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS sheet
for complete operation information.
SPA-4SN PUSH-TO-INTERCOM INSTRUCTIONS
HOW TO SELECT MUSIC OPTIONS
Install a separate momentary switch at each headset position.
Connect per Figure 9. To use the push-to-intercom feature, turn
the squelch control on the intercom fully counter-clockwise. Then
to activate, press the push-to-intercom switch(s). Alternately, to
use the intercom in voice activated (VOX) mode set the intercom
squelch as normal. See the separate SPA-4S OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS sheet.
To select either full music mute during intercom or no music mute
during intercom the unit must be removed from the aircraft. This is
done by first removing the volume and squelch control knobs with
and 0.05 inch Allen wrench. Then remove the two mounting
screws and switch nut that hold the unit in the panel. The unit is
now free for removal from the aircraft after disconnecting the cables at the plugs.
To enable either of these options, modification to the bottom of the
units’ circuit board is required. CAUTION – a qualified technician
should perform this modification. First remove the three screws
securing the bottom cover to the case and carefully lift and remove
the cover. Note that the circuit board does not have to be removed
from its case to complete the modifications.
TO
TO
To select full mute during intercom solder the two small-insulated
jumper wires at the locations specified in Figure 7.
(12) VIOLET
A
TO SPA-4SN
J1 PIN 12
A
PUSH-TO-INTERCOM
SWITCHES
(1 PER HEADSET)
OR...
FIGURE 9
To select no music mute during intercom cut the circuit traces with
a small sharp blade at the X’s per Figure 8.
FAA TSO: C50b ENV. CAT (DO-160) CFBBBX
Replace the cover and secure it with the three screws as before.
Install the unit back into the panel and plug in the two cables.
5
…when it counts!
Sigtronics Corporation
949 N. Cataract Ave, #D
San Dimas, Ca 91773
(909) 305-9399
www.sigtronics.com
SPA4SINST 10/10/2002 REV B
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