Yamaha XV950/XV950R Owner Manual

Yamaha XV950/XV950R Owner Manual
Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle.
OWNER’S MANUAL
XVS950CU
2DX-28199-E0
[English (E)]
DIC183
U2DXE0E0.book Page 1 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
EAU50920
Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle. This manual should stay with this vehicle if it is sold.
YAMAHA MOTOR ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
1450-6, Mori, Mori-machi, Shuchi-gun, Shizuoka-ken, 437-0292 Japan
DECLARATION of CONFORMITY
We
Company: YAMAHA MOTOR ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
Address: 1450-6, Mori, Mori-Machi, Shuchi-gun, Shizuoka-Ken, 437-0292 Japan
Hereby declare that the product:
Kind of equipment: IMMOBILIZER
Type-designation: 5SL-00
is in compliance with following norm(s) or documents:
R&TTE Directive(1999/5/EC)
EN300 330-2 v1.3.1(2006-01), EN300 330-2 v1.5.1(2010-02)
EN60950-1:2006/A11:2009
Two or Three-Wheel Motor Vehicles Directive(97/24/EC: Chapter 8, EMC)
Place of issue: Shizuoka, Japan
Date of issue: 1 Aug. 2002
Revision record
No.
Contents
To change contact person and integrate type-designation.
1
Version up the norm of EN60950 to EN60950-1
2
To change company name
3
4
Date
9 Jun. 2005
27 Feb. 2006
1 Mar. 2007
version up of the following norm:
• EN300 330-2 v1.1.1 to EN300 330-2 v1.3.1 and EN300 330-2 v1.5.1 8 Jul. 2010
• EN60950-1:2001 to EN60950-1:2006/A11:2009
General manager of quality assurance div.
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INTRODUCTION
EAU10102
Welcome to the Yamaha world of motorcycling!
As the owner of the XVS950CU, you are benefiting from Yamaha’s vast experience and newest technology regarding the
design and manufacture of high-quality products, which have earned Yamaha a reputation for dependability.
Please take the time to read this manual thoroughly, so as to enjoy all advantages of your XVS950CU. The Owner’s Manual
does not only instruct you in how to operate, inspect and maintain your motorcycle, but also in how to safeguard yourself and
others from trouble and injury.
In addition, the many tips given in this manual will help keep your motorcycle in the best possible condition. If you have any
further questions, do not hesitate to contact your Yamaha dealer.
The Yamaha team wishes you many safe and pleasant rides. So, remember to put safety first!
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this
manual. If there is any question concerning this manual, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
EWA10031
WARNING
Please read this manual carefully and completely before operating this motorcycle.
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU10133
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal injury
hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury
or death.
WARNING
NOTICE
TIP
A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.
A NOTICE indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the
vehicle or other property.
A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
*Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU10200
XVS950CU
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2013 by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
1st edition, May 2013
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 1 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY INFORMATION ..................1-1
DESCRIPTION ..................................2-1
Left view ..........................................2-1
Right view ........................................2-2
Controls and instruments.................2-3
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
FUNCTIONS .......................................3-1
Immobilizer system .........................3-1
Main switch .....................................3-2
Indicator lights and warning
lights ............................................3-3
Multi-function meter unit .................3-5
Handlebar switches ........................3-8
Clutch lever ...................................3-10
Shift pedal .....................................3-10
Brake lever ...................................3-10
Brake pedal ..................................3-11
ABS ..............................................3-11
Fuel tank cap ................................3-12
Fuel ...............................................3-13
Fuel tank breather/overflow
hose ..........................................3-14
Catalytic converter ........................3-14
Steering lock .................................3-15
Rider seat .....................................3-16
Adjusting the shock absorber
assemblies ................................3-17
Sidestand ......................................3-18
Ignition circuit cut-off system ........3-18
FOR YOUR SAFETY –
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ............. 4-1
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT
RIDING POINTS................................. 5-1
Starting the engine ......................... 5-1
Shifting ........................................... 5-2
Tips for reducing fuel
consumption ............................... 5-3
Engine break-in .............................. 5-3
Parking ........................................... 5-4
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT ................................... 6-1
Owner’s tool kit ............................... 6-2
Periodic maintenance chart for the
emission control system ............. 6-3
General maintenance and
lubrication chart .......................... 6-4
Removing and installing the
panel ........................................... 6-8
Checking the spark plugs ............... 6-8
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge ... 6-10
Replacing the air filter element ..... 6-13
Checking the throttle grip free
play ........................................... 6-13
Valve clearance ............................ 6-14
Tires ............................................. 6-14
Cast wheels .................................. 6-16
Adjusting the clutch lever free
play ........................................... 6-16
Checking the brake lever free
play ........................................... 6-17
Brake light switches ..................... 6-18
Checking the front and rear brake
pads .......................................... 6-18
Checking the brake fluid level ...... 6-19
Changing the brake fluid .............. 6-20
Drive belt slack ............................ 6-20
Checking and lubricating the
cables ....................................... 6-21
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable ............... 6-21
Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals .............. 6-22
Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers ............ 6-22
Checking and lubricating the
sidestand .................................. 6-23
Lubricating the swingarm
pivots ........................................ 6-23
Checking the front fork ................. 6-24
Checking the steering .................. 6-24
Checking the wheel bearings ....... 6-25
Battery ......................................... 6-25
Replacing the fuses ..................... 6-26
Replacing the headlight bulb ....... 6-28
Tail/brake light ............................. 6-29
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb ........................................... 6-29
License plate light ........................ 6-30
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Replacing the auxiliary light
bulb ...........................................6-30
Supporting the motorcycle ............6-31
Troubleshooting ............................6-32
Troubleshooting chart ...................6-33
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND
STORAGE ..........................................7-1
Matte color caution .........................7-1
Care ................................................7-1
Storage ...........................................7-3
SPECIFICATIONS .............................8-1
CONSUMER INFORMATION.............9-1
Identification numbers ....................9-1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU1028A
1
Be a Responsible Owner
As the vehicle’s owner, you are responsible for the safe and proper operation
of your motorcycle.
Motorcycles are single-track vehicles.
Their safe use and operation are dependent upon the use of proper riding
techniques as well as the expertise of
the operator. Every operator should
know the following requirements before
riding this motorcycle.
He or she should:
● Obtain thorough instructions from
a competent source on all aspects
of motorcycle operation.
● Observe the warnings and maintenance requirements in this Owner’s Manual.
● Obtain qualified training in safe
and proper riding techniques.
● Obtain professional technical service as indicated in this Owner’s
Manual and/or when made necessary by mechanical conditions.
●
Never operate a motorcycle without proper training or instruction.
Take a training course. Beginners
should receive training from a certified instructor. Contact an authorized motorcycle dealer to find out
about the training courses nearest
you.
Safe Riding
Perform the pre-operation checks each
time you use the vehicle to make sure it
is in safe operating condition. Failure to
inspect or maintain the vehicle properly
increases the possibility of an accident
or equipment damage. See page 4-1
for a list of pre-operation checks.
● This motorcycle is designed to carry the operator and a passenger.
● The failure of motorists to detect
and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the predominating cause of
automobile/motorcycle accidents.
Many accidents have been caused
by an automobile driver who did
not see the motorcycle. Making
1-1
yourself conspicuous appears to
be very effective in reducing the
chance of this type of accident.
Therefore:
• Wear a brightly colored jacket.
• Use extra caution when you are
approaching
and
passing
through intersections, since intersections are the most likely
places for motorcycle accidents
to occur.
• Ride where other motorists can
see you. Avoid riding in another
motorist’s blind spot.
• Never maintain a motorcycle
without proper knowledge. Contact an authorized motorcycle
dealer to inform you on basic
motorcycle maintenance. Certain maintenance can only be
carried out by certified staff.
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SAFETY INFORMATION
●
●
Many accidents involve inexperienced operators. In fact, many operators who have been involved in
accidents do not even have a current motorcycle license.
• Make sure that you are qualified
and that you only lend your motorcycle to other qualified operators.
• Know your skills and limits.
Staying within your limits may
help you to avoid an accident.
• We recommend that you practice riding your motorcycle
where there is no traffic until you
have become thoroughly familiar with the motorcycle and all of
its controls.
Many accidents have been caused
by error of the motorcycle operator. A typical error made by the operator is veering wide on a turn
due to excessive speed or undercornering (insufficient lean angle
for the speed).
• Always obey the speed limit and
never travel faster than warranted by road and traffic conditions.
●
●
●
• Always signal before turning or
changing lanes. Make sure that
other motorists can see you.
The posture of the operator and
passenger is important for proper
control.
• The operator should keep both
hands on the handlebar and
both feet on the operator footrests during operation to maintain control of the motorcycle.
• The passenger should always
hold onto the operator, the seat
strap or grab bar, if equipped,
with both hands and keep both
feet on the passenger footrests.
Never carry a passenger unless
he or she can firmly place both
feet on the passenger footrests.
Never ride under the influence of
alcohol or other drugs.
This motorcycle is designed for onroad use only. It is not suitable for
off-road use.
1-2
Protective Apparel
The majority of fatalities from motorcycle accidents are the result of head injuries. The use of a safety helmet is the
single most critical factor in the prevention or reduction of head injuries.
● Always wear an approved helmet.
● Wear a face shield or goggles.
Wind in your unprotected eyes
could contribute to an impairment
of vision that could delay seeing a
hazard.
● The use of a jacket, heavy boots,
trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in
preventing or reducing abrasions
or lacerations.
● Never wear loose-fitting clothes,
otherwise they could catch on the
control levers, footrests, or wheels
and cause injury or an accident.
● Always wear protective clothing
that covers your legs, ankles, and
feet. The engine or exhaust system become very hot during or after operation and can cause burns.
● A passenger should also observe
the above precautions.
1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
1
Avoid Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
All engine exhaust contains carbon
monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing carbon monoxide can cause headaches,
dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, confusion, and eventually death.
Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas which may be
present even if you do not see or smell
any engine exhaust. Deadly levels of
carbon monoxide can collect rapidly
and you can quickly be overcome and
unable to save yourself. Also, deadly
levels of carbon monoxide can linger
for hours or days in enclosed or poorly
ventilated areas. If you experience any
symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, leave the area immediately, get
fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREATMENT.
● Do not run engine indoors. Even if
you try to ventilate engine exhaust
with fans or open windows and
doors, carbon monoxide can rapidly reach dangerous levels.
● Do not run engine in poorly ventilated or partially enclosed areas
such as barns, garages, or carports.
●
Do not run engine outdoors where
engine exhaust can be drawn into
a building through openings such
as windows and doors.
Loading
Adding accessories or cargo to your
motorcycle can adversely affect stability and handling if the weight distribution
of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid
the possibility of an accident, use extreme caution when adding cargo or
accessories to your motorcycle. Use
extra care when riding a motorcycle
that has added cargo or accessories.
Here, along with the information about
accessories below, are some general
guidelines to follow if loading cargo to
your motorcycle:
The total weight of the operator, passenger, accessories and cargo must
not exceed the maximum load limit.
Operation of an overloaded vehicle
could cause an accident.
Maximum load:
202 kg (445 lb)
1-3
When loading within this weight limit,
keep the following in mind:
● Cargo and accessory weight
should be kept as low and close to
the motorcycle as possible. Securely pack your heaviest items as
close to the center of the vehicle as
possible and make sure to distribute the weight as evenly as possible on both sides of the motorcycle
to minimize imbalance or instability.
● Shifting weights can create a sudden imbalance. Make sure that accessories and cargo are securely
attached to the motorcycle before
riding. Check accessory mounts
and cargo restraints frequently.
• Properly adjust the suspension
for your load (suspension-adjustable models only), and
check the condition and pressure of your tires.
• Never attach any large or heavy
items to the handlebar, front
fork, or front fender. These
items, including such cargo as
sleeping bags, duffel bags, or
U2DXE0E0.book Page 4 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
●
tents, can create unstable handling or a slow steering response.
This vehicle is not designed to
pull a trailer or to be attached to
a sidecar.
Genuine Yamaha Accessories
Choosing accessories for your vehicle
is an important decision. Genuine
Yamaha accessories, which are available only from a Yamaha dealer, have
been designed, tested, and approved
by Yamaha for use on your vehicle.
Many companies with no connection to
Yamaha manufacture parts and accessories or offer other modifications for
Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in a
position to test the products that these
aftermarket
companies
produce.
Therefore, Yamaha can neither endorse nor recommend the use of accessories not sold by Yamaha or
modifications not specifically recommended by Yamaha, even if sold and
installed by a Yamaha dealer.
Aftermarket Parts, Accessories, and
Modifications
While you may find aftermarket products similar in design and quality to
genuine Yamaha accessories, recognize that some aftermarket accessories
or modifications are not suitable because of potential safety hazards to you
or others. Installing aftermarket products or having other modifications performed to your vehicle that change any
of the vehicle’s design or operation
characteristics can put you and others
at greater risk of serious injury or death.
You are responsible for injuries related
to changes in the vehicle.
Keep the following guidelines in mind,
as well as those provided under “Loading” when mounting accessories.
● Never install accessories or carry
cargo that would impair the performance of your motorcycle. Carefully inspect the accessory before
using it to make sure that it does
not in any way reduce ground
clearance or cornering clearance,
1-4
limit suspension travel, steering
travel or control operation, or obscure lights or reflectors.
• Accessories fitted to the handlebar or the front fork area can
create instability due to improper
weight distribution or aerodynamic changes. If accessories
are added to the handlebar or
front fork area, they must be as
lightweight as possible and
should be kept to a minimum.
• Bulky or large accessories may
seriously affect the stability of
the motorcycle due to aerodynamic effects. Wind may attempt to lift the motorcycle, or
the motorcycle may become unstable in cross winds. These accessories may also cause
instability when passing or being
passed by large vehicles.
• Certain accessories can displace the operator from his or
her normal riding position. This
improper position limits the freedom of movement of the opera-
1
U2DXE0E0.book Page 5 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
1
●
tor and may limit control ability,
therefore, such accessories are
not recommended.
Use caution when adding electrical accessories. If electrical accessories exceed the capacity of the
motorcycle’s electrical system, an
electric failure could result, which
could cause a dangerous loss of
lights or engine power.
●
●
●
●
Aftermarket Tires and Rims
The tires and rims that came with your
motorcycle were designed to match the
performance capabilities and to provide
the best combination of handling, braking, and comfort. Other tires, rims, sizes, and combinations may not be
appropriate. Refer to page 6-14 for tire
specifications and more information on
replacing your tires.
●
Transporting the Motorcycle
Be sure to observe following instructions before transporting the motorcycle in another vehicle.
● Remove all loose items from the
motorcycle.
Check that the fuel cock (if
equipped) is in the “OFF” position
and that there are no fuel leaks.
Point the front wheel straight
ahead on the trailer or in the truck
bed, and choke it in a rail to prevent movement.
Shift the transmission in gear (for
models with a manual transmission).
Secure the motorcycle with tiedowns or suitable straps that are
attached to solid parts of the motorcycle, such as the frame or upper front fork triple clamp (and not,
for example, to rubber-mounted
handlebars or turn signals, or parts
that could break). Choose the location for the straps carefully so
the straps will not rub against
painted surfaces during transport.
The suspension should be compressed somewhat by the tiedowns, if possible, so that the motorcycle will not bounce excessively during transport.
1-5
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10410
Left view
1
2
2
9
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
8
7
Headlight (page 6-28)
Owner’s tool kit (page 6-2)
Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-17)
Main fuse (page 6-26)
Fuse box (page 6-26)
ABS motor fuse (page 6-26)
Engine oil drain bolt (page 6-10)
Shift pedal (page 3-10)
4,5,6
3
9. Engine oil filler cap (page 6-10)
2-1
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10420
Right view
1
2
3 4
5
6
7
8
2
10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
License plate light (page 6-30)
Tail/brake light (page 6-29)
Battery (page 6-25)
Rear brake fluid reservoir (page 6-19)
Air filter element (page 6-13)
Fuel tank cap (page 3-12)
Main switch (page 3-2)
Steering lock (page 3-15)
9
9. Engine oil filter cartridge (page 6-10)
10.Brake pedal (page 3-11)
2-2
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10430
Controls and instruments
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Clutch lever (page 3-10)
Left handlebar switches (page 3-8)
Multi-function meter unit (page 3-5)
Front brake fluid reservoir (page 6-19)
Right handlebar switches (page 3-8)
Brake lever (page 3-10)
Throttle grip (page 6-13)
2-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU10977
Immobilizer system
3
1. Code re-registering key (red bow)
2. Standard keys (black bow)
This vehicle is equipped with an immobilizer system to help prevent theft by
re-registering codes in the standard
keys. This system consists of the following:
● a code re-registering key (with a
red bow)
● two standard keys (with a black
bow) that can be re-registered with
new codes
● a transponder (which is installed in
the code re-registering key)
● an immobilizer unit
● an ECU
●
an immobilizer system indicator
light (See page 3-5.)
The key with the red bow is used to register codes in each standard key. Since
re-registering is a difficult process, take
the vehicle along with all three keys to
a Yamaha dealer to have them re-registered. Do not use the key with the red
bow for driving. It should only be used
for re-registering the standard keys. Always use a standard key for driving.
ECA11821
NOTICE
●
DO NOT LOSE THE CODE REREGISTERING KEY! CONTACT
YOUR DEALER IMMEDIATELY
IF IT IS LOST! If the code re-registering key is lost, registering
new codes in the standard keys
is impossible. The standard
keys can still be used to start
the vehicle, however if code reregistering is required (i.e., if a
new standard key is made or all
keys are lost) the entire immobilizer system must be replaced.
Therefore, it is highly recom-
3-1
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
mended to use either standard
key and keep the code re-registering key in a safe place.
Do not submerse any key in water.
Do not expose any key to excessively high temperatures.
Do not place any key close to
magnets (this includes, but not
limited to, products such as
speakers, etc.).
Do not place items that transmit
electrical signals close to any
key.
Do not place heavy items on any
key.
Do not grind any key or alter its
shape.
Do not disassemble the plastic
part of any key.
Do not put two keys of any immobilizer system on the same
key ring.
Keep the standard keys as well
as keys of other immobilizer
systems away from this vehicle’s code re-registering key.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 2 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
●
Keep other immobilizer system
keys away from the main switch
as they may cause signal interference.
EAU56200
TIP
Be sure to use the standard key (black
bow) for regular use of the vehicle. To
minimize the risk of losing the code reregistering key (red bow), keep it in a
safe place and only use it for code reregistering.
Main switch
OFF
ON
3
P
EAU38530
The main switch controls the ignition
and lighting systems. The various main
switch positions are described below.
ECA17960
NOTICE
Do not use metal key chains or keep
more than one key on the same key
ring. While the vehicle is in motion, a
metal key chain, metallic key rings,
or additional keys could contact surrounding components and scratch
them. Therefore, it is recommended
to use a cloth or leather key chain.
3-2
ON
All electrical circuits are supplied with
power; the meter lighting, taillight, license plate light and auxiliary light
come on, and the engine can be started. The key cannot be removed.
TIP
The headlight comes on automatically
when the engine is started and stays on
until the key is turned to “OFF”, even if
the engine stalls.
EAU45751
OFF
All electrical systems are off. The key
can be removed.
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EWA10072
WARNING
Never turn the key to “OFF” while
the vehicle is moving, otherwise the
electrical systems will be switched
off, which may result in loss of control or an accident.
3
EAU49393
Indicator lights and warning
lights
1 2 3 4 5
EAU11080
High beam indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the
high beam of the headlight is switched
on.
EAU56190
(Parking)
The hazard lights and turn signal lights
can be turned on, but all other electrical
systems are off. The key can be removed.
EAU11060
Neutral indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the
transmission is in the neutral position.
EAU11254
8 7 6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Oil level warning light “
”
Immobilizer system indicator light “ ”
Turn signal indicator light “
”
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) warning
light “ ABS ”
Fuel level warning light “ ”
Engine trouble warning light “
”
Neutral indicator light “
”
High beam indicator light “
”
EAU11020
Turn signal indicator light “
”
This indicator light flashes when the
turn signal switch is pushed to the left or
right.
3-3
Oil level warning light “
”
This warning light comes on if the engine oil level is low.
The electrical circuit of the warning light
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”. The warning light should come
on for a few seconds, and then go off.
If the warning light does not come on
initially when the key is turned to “ON”,
or if the warning light remains on, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
TIP
●
Even if the oil level is sufficient, the
warning light may flicker when
riding on a slope or during sudden
acceleration or deceleration, but
this is not a malfunction.
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
●
This model is also equipped with a
self-diagnosis device for the oil
level detection circuit. If a problem
is detected in the oil level detection
circuit, the following cycle will be
repeated until the malfunction is
corrected: The oil level warning
light will flash ten times, then go off
for 2.5 seconds. If this occurs,
have a Yamaha dealer check the
vehicle.
TIP
This model is also equipped with a selfdiagnosis device for the fuel level detection circuit. If a problem is detected
in the fuel level detection circuit, the following cycle will be repeated until the
malfunction is corrected: The fuel level
warning light will flash eight times, and
then go off for 3.0 seconds. If this occurs, have a Yamaha dealer check the
vehicle.
EAU11366
Fuel level warning light “ ”
This warning light comes on when the
fuel level drops below approximately
2.8 L (0.74 US gal, 0.62 Imp.gal). When
this occurs, refuel as soon as possible.
The electrical circuit of the warning light
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”. The warning light should come
on for a few seconds, and then go off.
If the warning light does not come on
initially when the key is turned to “ON”,
or if the warning light remains on, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
EAU42774
Engine trouble warning light “ ”
This warning light comes on if a problem is detected in the electrical circuit
monitoring the engine. If this occurs,
have a Yamaha dealer check the selfdiagnosis system. (See page 3-7 for an
explanation of the self-diagnosis device.)
The electrical circuit of the warning light
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”. The warning light should come
on for a few seconds, and then go off.
3-4
If the warning light does not come on
initially when the key is turned to “ON”,
or if the warning light remains on, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
EAU51661
ABS warning light “ ”
In normal operation, the ABS warning
light comes on when the key is turned
to “ON”, and goes off after traveling at a
speed of 10 km/h (6 mi/h) or higher.
If the ABS warning light:
● does not come on when the key is
turned to “ON”
● comes on or flashes while riding
● does not go off after traveling at a
speed of 10 km/h (6 mi/h) or higher
The ABS may not work correctly. If any
of the above occurs, have a Yamaha
dealer check the system as soon as
possible. (See page 3-11 for an explanation of the ABS.)
ABS
EWA16040
WARNING
If the ABS warning light does not go
off after traveling at a speed of 10
km/h (6 mi/h) or higher, or if the
warning light comes on or flashes
3
U2DXE0E0.book Page 5 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
while riding, the brake system reverts to conventional braking. If either of the above occurs, or if the
warning light does not come on at
all, use extra caution to avoid possible wheel lock during emergency
braking. Have a Yamaha dealer
check the brake system and electrical circuits as soon as possible.
TIP
If the start switch is pushed while the
engine is running, the ABS warning
light will come on, but this is not a malfunction.
When the key is turned to “OFF” and 30
seconds have passed, the indicator
light will start flashing indicating the immobilizer system is enabled. After 24
hours have passed, the indicator light
will stop flashing, however the immobilizer system is still enabled.
The self-diagnosis device also detects
problems in the immobilizer system circuits. (See page 3-7 for an explanation
of the self-diagnosis device.)
EAU56210
Multi-function meter unit
1
2
1. Speedometer
2. Odometer/tripmeter/fuel reserve tripmeter/clock
EWA12422
WARNING
EAU54680
Be sure to stop the vehicle before
making any setting changes to the
multi-function meter unit. Changing
settings while riding can distract the
operator and increase the risk of an
accident.
Immobilizer system indicator
light “ ”
The electrical circuit of the indicator
light can be checked by turning the key
to “ON”. The indicator light should
come on for a few seconds, and then
go off.
If the indicator light does not come on
initially when the key is turned to “ON”,
or if the indicator light remains on, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
The multi-function meter
equipped with the following:
● a speedometer
● an odometer
3-5
unit
is
U2DXE0E0.book Page 6 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
●
●
●
●
two tripmeters (which show the
distance traveled since they were
last set to zero)
a fuel reserve tripmeter (which
shows the distance traveled on the
fuel reserve)
a clock
a self-diagnosis device
1
2
TIP
●
●
Be sure to turn the key to “ON” before using the “SELECT” and “RESET” switches.
For the U.K. only: To switch the
speedometer and odometer/tripmeter displays between kilometers
and miles, push the “SELECT”
switch for at least three seconds.
1. “SELECT” switch
2. “RESET” switch
Odometer, tripmeters, fuel reserve
tripmeter and clock
1
1. Odometer/tripmeter/fuel reserve tripmeter/clock
3-6
Push the “SELECT” switch to switch
the display between the odometer
mode “ODO”, the tripmeter modes
“TRIP 1”and “TRIP 2” and the clock
mode in the following order:
ODO → TRIP 1 → TRIP 2 → clock →
ODO
If the fuel level warning light comes on
(see page 3-3), the odometer display
will automatically change to the fuel reserve tripmeter mode “TRIP F” and
start counting the distance traveled
from that point. In that case, push the
“SELECT” switch to change the display
between the various tripmeter and
odometer modes in the following order:
TRIP F → TRIP 1 → TRIP 2 → clock →
ODO → TRIP F
To reset a tripmeter, select it by pushing the “SELECT” switch, and then
push the “RESET” switch for at least
one second. If you do not reset the fuel
reserve tripmeter manually, it will reset
itself automatically, and the display will
return to the prior mode after refueling
and traveling 5 km (3 mi).
3
U2DXE0E0.book Page 7 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
To set the clock
Self-diagnosis device
1
If a problem is detected in the immobilizer system circuits, the immobilizer
system indicator light will flash and the
display will indicate an error code.
1
2
3
3
1. Clock
1. Push the “SELECT” and “RESET”
switches together for at least three
seconds.
2. When the hour digits start flashing,
push the “SELECT” switch to set
the hours.
3. Push the “RESET” switch, and the
minute digits will start flashing.
4. Push the “SELECT” switch to set
the minutes.
5. Push the “RESET” switch for at
least two seconds to start the
clock.
1. Error code display
2. Engine trouble warning light “
”
3. Immobilizer system indicator light “
1. Use the code re-registering key to
start the engine.
”
This model is equipped with a self-diagnosis device for various electrical circuits.
If a problem is detected in any of those
circuits, the engine trouble warning light
will come on and the display will indicate an error code.
If the display indicates any error codes,
note the code number, and then have a
Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
The self-diagnosis device also detects
problems in the immobilizer system circuits.
3-7
TIP
If the display indicates error code 52,
this could be caused by transponder interference. If this error code appears,
try the following.
TIP
Make sure there are no other immobilizer keys close to the main switch, and
do not keep more than one immobilizer
key on the same key ring! Immobilizer
system keys may cause signal interference, which may prevent the engine
from starting.
2. If the engine starts, turn it off and
try starting the engine with the
standard keys.
3. If one or both of the standard keys
do not start the engine, take the
vehicle, the code re-registering
U2DXE0E0.book Page 8 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
key and both standard keys to a
Yamaha dealer and have the standard keys re-registered.
EAU1234C
Handlebar switches
Right
Left
ECA11590
2 1
NOTICE
1
If the display indicates an error
code, the vehicle should be checked
as soon as possible in order to avoid
engine damage.
2
3
4
5
3
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
Pass switch “
”
Dimmer switch “
/
”
Turn signal switch “
/
”
Horn switch “
”
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine stop switch “
“SELECT” switch
“RESET” switch
Start switch “ ”
Hazard switch “ ”
/
3
”
EAU12350
Pass switch “ ”
Press this switch to flash the headlight.
EAU12400
Dimmer switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” for the high
beam and to “ ” for the low beam.
EAU12460
Turn signal switch “ / ”
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
switch to “ ”. To signal a left-hand
turn, push this switch to “ ”. When released, the switch returns to the center
3-8
U2DXE0E0.book Page 9 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
position. To cancel the turn signal
lights, push the switch in after it has returned to the center position.
EAU12500
Horn switch “
”
Press this switch to sound the horn.
3
EAU12660
Engine stop switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” before starting
the engine. Set this switch to “ ” to
stop the engine in case of an emergency, such as when the vehicle overturns
or when the throttle cable is stuck.
EAU12711
Start switch “ ”
Push this switch to crank the engine
with the starter. See page 5-1 for starting instructions prior to starting the engine.
EAU41700
The engine trouble warning light will
come on when the key is turned to “ON”
and the start switch is pushed, but this
does not indicate a malfunction.
EAU12733
EAU55710
Hazard switch “ ”
With the key in the “ON” or “ ” position, use this switch to turn on the hazard lights (simultaneous flashing of all
turn signal lights).
The hazard lights are used in case of
an emergency or to warn other drivers
when your vehicle is stopped where it
might be a traffic hazard.
“RESET” switch
This switch is used to reset the tripmeters and to set the clock of the multifunction meter unit.
See “Multi-function meter unit” on page
3-5 for detailed information.
ECA10061
NOTICE
Do not use the hazard lights for an
extended length of time with the engine not running, otherwise the battery may discharge.
EAU55700
“SELECT” switch
This switch is used to perform selections in the odometer and tripmeters
and to set the clock of the multi-function
meter unit.
See “Multi-function meter unit” on page
3-5 for detailed information.
3-9
U2DXE0E0.book Page 10 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12820
Clutch lever
1
EAU12871
Shift pedal
5
4
3
2
N
1
EAU12891
Brake lever
1
2
3
1
1. Clutch lever
The clutch lever is located at the left
handlebar grip. To disengage the
clutch, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip. To engage the clutch, release
the lever. The lever should be pulled
rapidly and released slowly for smooth
clutch operation.
The clutch lever is equipped with a
clutch switch, which is part of the ignition circuit cut-off system. (See page
3-18.)
1. Shift pedal
2. Neutral position
1. Brake lever
The shift pedal is located on the left
side of the motorcycle and is used in
combination with the clutch lever when
shifting the gears of the 5-speed constant-mesh transmission equipped on
this motorcycle.
3-10
The brake lever is located on the right
side of the handlebar. To apply the front
brake, pull the lever toward the throttle
grip.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 11 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12941
Brake pedal
EAU51670
TIP
ABS
1
3
1. Brake pedal
The brake pedal is on the right side of
the motorcycle. To apply the rear
brake, press down on the brake pedal.
The Yamaha ABS (Anti-lock Brake
System) features a dual electronic control system, which acts on the front and
rear brakes independently.
Operate the brakes with ABS as you
would conventional brakes. If the ABS
is activated, a pulsating sensation may
be felt at the brake lever or brake pedal.
In this situation, continue to apply the
brakes and let the ABS work; do not
“pump” the brakes as this will reduce
braking effectiveness.
●
EWA16050
●
WARNING
Always keep a sufficient distance
from the vehicle ahead to match the
riding speed even with ABS.
● The ABS performs best with
long braking distances.
● On certain surfaces, such as
rough or gravel roads, the braking distance may be longer with
the ABS than without.
The ABS is monitored by an ECU,
which will revert the system to conventional braking if a malfunction occurs.
3-11
The ABS performs a self-diagnosis test each time the vehicle first
starts off after the key is turned to
“ON” and the vehicle has traveled
at a speed of 10 km/h (6 mi/h) or
higher. During this test, a “clicking”
noise can be heard from under the
seat, and if the brake lever or
brake pedal is even slightly applied, a vibration can be felt at the
lever and pedal, but these do not
indicate a malfunction.
This ABS has a test mode which
allows the owner to experience the
pulsation at the brake lever or
brake pedal when the ABS is operating. However, special tools are
required, so please consult your
Yamaha dealer when performing
this test.
ECA16120
NOTICE
Keep any type of magnets (including
magnetic pick-up tools, magnetic
screwdrivers, etc.) away from the
front and rear wheel hubs, otherwise
the magnetic rotors equipped in the
U2DXE0E0.book Page 12 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
wheel hubs may be damaged, resulting in improper performance of the
ABS system.
1
EAU13122
Fuel tank cap
3
2
2
4
1
2. Turn the key counterclockwise to
the original position, remove it, and
then close the lock cover.
TIP
The fuel tank cap cannot be installed
unless the key is in the lock. In addition,
the key cannot be removed if the cap is
not properly installed and locked.
EWA10131
WARNING
1. Rear wheel hub
2. Front wheel hub
1.
2.
3.
4.
Fuel tank cap lock cover
“
” mark
Lock.
Unlock.
To remove the fuel tank cap
Slide the fuel tank cap lock cover open,
insert the key into the lock, and then
turn it 1/4 turn clockwise. The lock will
be released and the fuel tank cap can
be removed.
To install the fuel tank cap
1. Insert the fuel tank cap into the
tank opening with the key inserted
in the lock and with the “ ” mark
facing forward.
3-12
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
properly installed before riding.
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard.
3
U2DXE0E0.book Page 13 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ately. If gasoline spills on your skin,
wash with soap and water. If gasoline spills on your clothing, change
your clothes.
EAU13221
Fuel
2
1
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in
the tank.
EWA10881
WARNING
3
Gasoline and gasoline vapors are
extremely flammable. To avoid fires
and explosions and to reduce the
risk of injury when refueling, follow
these instructions.
1. Before refueling, turn off the engine and be sure that no one is sitting on the vehicle. Never refuel
while smoking, or while in the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or
other sources of ignition such as
the pilot lights of water heaters and
clothes dryers.
2. Do not overfill the fuel tank. When
refueling, be sure to insert the
pump nozzle into the fuel tank filler
hole. Stop filling when the fuel
reaches the bottom of the filler
tube. Because fuel expands when
it heats up, heat from the engine or
the sun can cause fuel to spill out
of the fuel tank.
EAU56220
1. Fuel tank filler tube
2. Maximum fuel level
3. Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately. NOTICE: Immediately wipe
off spilled fuel with a clean, dry,
soft cloth, since fuel may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic
parts. [ECA10071]
4. Be sure to securely close the fuel
tank cap.
EWA15151
WARNING
Gasoline is poisonous and can
cause injury or death. Handle gasoline with care. Never siphon gasoline by mouth. If you should swallow
some gasoline or inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get some gasoline in
your eyes, see your doctor immedi3-13
Recommended fuel:
Regular unleaded gasoline (Gasohol (E10) acceptable)
Fuel tank capacity:
12.2 L (3.22 US gal, 2.68 Imp.gal)
Fuel reserve amount (when the fuel
level warning light comes on):
2.8 L (0.74 US gal, 0.62 Imp.gal)
ECA11400
NOTICE
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
of leaded gasoline will cause severe
damage to internal engine parts,
such as the valves and piston rings,
as well as to the exhaust system.
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to use regular unleaded gasoline with a research octane number of
95 or higher. If knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a gasoline of a different brand
U2DXE0E0.book Page 14 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
or premium unleaded fuel. Use of unleaded fuel will extend spark plug life
and reduce maintenance costs.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if the ethanol content does not exceed 10% (E10). Gasohol containing methanol is not
recommended by Yamaha because it
can cause damage to the fuel system
or vehicle performance problems.
EAUB1301
Fuel tank breather/overflow
hose
EAU13433
Catalytic converter
This model is equipped with a catalytic
converter in the exhaust system.
EWA10862
WARNING
1
2
1. Fuel tank breather/overflow hose
2. Clamp
Before operating the motorcycle:
● Check the fuel tank breather/overflow hose connection.
● Check the fuel tank breather/overflow hose for cracks or damage,
and replace it if necessary.
● Make sure that the end of the fuel
tank breather/overflow hose is not
blocked, and clean it if necessary.
● Make sure that the fuel tank
breather/overflow hose is routed
through the clamp.
3-14
The exhaust system is hot after operation. To prevent a fire hazard or
burns:
● Do not park the vehicle near
possible fire hazards such as
grass or other materials that
easily burn.
● Park the vehicle in a place
where pedestrians or children
are not likely to touch the hot
exhaust system.
● Make sure that the exhaust system has cooled down before doing any maintenance work.
● Do not allow the engine to idle
more than a few minutes. Long
idling can cause a build-up of
heat.
3
U2DXE0E0.book Page 15 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ECA10701
EAU55660
Steering lock
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
of leaded gasoline will cause unrepairable damage to the catalytic
converter.
To unlock the steering
1
2
CK
LO
UN
C
LO
UN
CK
LO
NOTICE
CK
LO
K
1
3
1. Unlock.
1. Steering lock
2. Lock.
To lock the steering
1. Turn the handlebar all the way to
the left.
2. Insert the key into the steering
lock, located near the head pipe,
and then turn it 1/2 turn clockwise.
3. Check that the steering is locked,
and then remove the key from the
lock.
3-15
1. Insert the key into the steering
lock.
2. Turn the key 1/2 turn counterclockwise.
3. Remove the key.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 16 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU55820
Rider seat
1
To remove the rider seat
1. Remove panel A. (See page 6-8.)
2. Remove the bolt.
2
1
3. Lift the front of the rider seat up,
and then pull the rider seat off.
TIP
Make sure that the rider seat is properly
secured before riding.
3
1. Projection
2. Seat holder
1. Bolt
4. Install the panel.
2. Place the rider seat in the original
position.
3. While pushing the front of the rider
seat down so that there is no
space between the rubber dampers and the frame, tighten the bolt.
To install the rider seat
1. Insert the projection on the rear of
the rider seat into the seat holder
as shown.
1
1. Rubber damper
3-16
U2DXE0E0.book Page 17 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU56250
Adjusting the shock absorber
assemblies
soften the suspension, turn the adjusting ring on each shock absorber assembly in direction (b).
EWA10210
WARNING
3
(a)
Always adjust both shock absorber
assemblies equally, otherwise poor
handling and loss of stability may
result.
Each shock absorber assembly is
equipped with a spring preload adjusting ring.
When making this adjustment, use the
special wrench and extension bar included in the additional tool kit, which
was handed out separately at the purchase of the vehicle.
ECA10101
NOTICE
To avoid damaging the mechanism,
do not attempt to turn beyond the
maximum or minimum settings.
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
To increase the spring preload and
thereby harden the suspension, turn
the adjusting ring on each shock absorber assembly in direction (a). To decrease the spring preload and thereby
4
(b)
1 2 3
1.
2.
3.
4.
Extension bar
Special wrench
Spring preload adjusting ring
Stopper
Spring preload setting:
Minimum (soft):
0 notch(es) in direction (a)*
Standard:
1 notch(es) in direction (a)*
Maximum (hard):
4 notch(es) in direction (a)*
* With the adjusting ring fully turned in
direction (b)
3-17
EWA10231
WARNING
These shock absorber assemblies
contain highly pressurized nitrogen
gas. Read and understand the following information before handling
the shock absorber assemblies.
● Do not tamper with or attempt to
open the cylinder assemblies.
● Do not subject the shock absorber assemblies to an open
flame or other high heat source.
This may cause the unit to explode due to excessive gas
pressure.
● Do not deform or damage the
cylinders in any way. Cylinder
damage will result in poor
damping performance.
● Do not dispose of a damaged or
worn-out shock absorber assembly yourself. Take the shock
absorber assembly to a Yamaha
dealer for any service.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 18 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU15305
Sidestand
The sidestand is located on the left side
of the frame. Raise the sidestand or
lower it with your foot while holding the
vehicle upright.
this system regularly and have a
Yamaha dealer repair it if it does not
function properly.
TIP
The built-in sidestand switch is part of
the ignition circuit cut-off system, which
cuts the ignition in certain situations.
(See the following section for an explanation of the ignition circuit cut-off system.)
EWA10241
WARNING
The vehicle must not be ridden with
the sidestand down, or if the sidestand cannot be properly moved up
(or does not stay up), otherwise the
sidestand could contact the ground
and distract the operator, resulting
in a possible loss of control.
Yamaha’s ignition circuit cut-off
system has been designed to assist
the operator in fulfilling the responsibility of raising the sidestand before starting off. Therefore, check
3-18
EAU44892
Ignition circuit cut-off system
The ignition circuit cut-off system (comprising the sidestand switch, clutch
switch and neutral switch) has the following functions.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the sidestand is up, but the clutch lever is
not pulled.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the clutch lever is pulled, but the sidestand is
still down.
● It cuts the running engine when the
transmission is in gear and the
sidestand is moved down.
Periodically check the operation of the
ignition circuit cut-off system according
to the following procedure.
3
U2DXE0E0.book Page 19 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
With the engine turned off:
1. Move the sidestand down.
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is set to “
3. Turn the key on.
4. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
5. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
WARNING
If a malfunction is noted, have a Yamaha
dealer check the system before riding.
”.
NO
The neutral switch may not be working correctly.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The sidestand switch may not be working correctly.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The clutch switch may not be working correctly.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
3
YES
With the engine still running:
6. Move the sidestand up.
7. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
8. Shift the transmission into gear.
9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?
YES
After the engine has stalled:
10. Move the sidestand up.
11. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
12. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
YES
The system is OK. The motorcycle can be ridden.
3-19
U2DXE0E0.book Page 1 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU15597
Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection
and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
EWA11151
WARNING
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage.
Do not operate the vehicle if you find any problem. If a problem cannot be corrected by the procedures provided in
this manual, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha dealer.
Before using this vehicle, check the following points:
ITEM
Fuel
•
•
•
•
CHECKS
PAGE
Check fuel level in fuel tank.
Refuel if necessary.
Check fuel line for leakage.
Check fuel tank breather/overflow hose for obstructions, cracks or damage, and
check hose connection.
3-13, 3-14
Engine oil
• Check oil level in engine.
• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
Front brake
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check brake pads for wear.
Replace if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add specified brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
4-1
6-10
6-18, 6-19
4
U2DXE0E0.book Page 2 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Rear brake
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check brake pads for wear.
Replace if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add specified brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
Clutch
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
Lubricate cable if necessary.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
Throttle grip
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Check throttle grip free play.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust throttle grip free play and lubricate cable
and grip housing.
Control cables
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate if necessary.
Wheels and tires
•
•
•
•
Brake and shift pedals
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pedal pivoting points if necessary.
6-22
Brake and clutch levers
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
6-22
Sidestand
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pivot if necessary.
6-23
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
—
Instruments, lights, signals
and switches
• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
—
4
6-18, 6-19
6-16
6-13, 6-21
6-21
Check for damage.
Check tire condition and tread depth.
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
4-2
6-14, 6-16
U2DXE0E0.book Page 3 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
Sidestand switch
CHECKS
• Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
• If system is not working correctly, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle.
PAGE
3-18
4
4-3
U2DXE0E0.book Page 1 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU15951
EAU48710
EAU56230
Starting the engine
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully to
become familiar with all controls. If
there is a control or function you do not
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer.
EWA10271
WARNING
Failure to familiarize yourself with
the controls can lead to loss of control, which could cause an accident
or injury.
5
TIP
This model is equipped with:
● a lean angle sensor to stop the engine in case of a turnover. In this
case, the multi-function display indicates error code 30, but this is
not a malfunction. Turn the key to
“OFF” and then to “ON” to clear the
error code. Failing to do so will prevent the engine from starting even
though the engine will crank when
pushing the start switch.
● an engine auto-stop system. The
engine stops automatically if left
idling for 20 minutes. If the engine
stops, simply push the start switch
to restart the engine.
In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
system to enable starting, one of the
following conditions must be met:
● The transmission is in the neutral
position.
● The transmission is in gear with
the clutch lever pulled and the
sidestand up.
See page 3-18 for more information.
1. Turn the key to “ON” and make
sure that the engine stop switch is
set to “ ”.
The following warning lights and
indicator light should come on for a
few seconds, then go off.
● Oil level warning light
● Fuel level warning light
● Engine trouble warning light
● Immobilizer system indicator
light
ECA17670
NOTICE
If the above warning lights or indicator light do not come on initially
when the key is turned to “ON”, or if
a warning or indicator light remains
5-1
U2DXE0E0.book Page 2 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
on, see page 3-3 for the corresponding warning and indicator light circuit check.
tery. Do not crank the engine more
than 10 seconds on any one attempt.
ECA11042
The ABS warning light should
come on when the main switch is
turned to “ON” and then go off after
traveling at a speed of 10 km/h (6
mi/h) or higher.
NOTICE
For maximum engine life, never accelerate hard when the engine is
cold!
ECA17681
NOTICE
EAU16671
Shifting
5
4
3
2
N
1
2
1
If the ABS warning light does not
come on and then go off as explained above, see page 3-3 for the
warning light circuit check.
1. Shift pedal
2. Neutral position
Shifting gears lets you control the
amount of engine power available for
starting off, accelerating, climbing hills,
etc.
The gear positions are shown in the illustration.
2. Shift the transmission into the neutral position. The neutral indicator
light should come on. If not, ask a
Yamaha dealer to check the electrical circuit.
3. Start the engine by pushing the
start switch.
If the engine fails to start, release
the start switch, wait a few seconds, and then try again. Each
starting attempt should be as short
as possible to preserve the bat-
TIP
To shift the transmission into the neutral position, press the shift pedal down
repeatedly until it reaches the end of its
travel, and then slightly raise it.
5-2
5
U2DXE0E0.book Page 3 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
ECA10260
NOTICE
●
5
●
Even with the transmission in
the neutral position, do not
coast for long periods of time
with the engine off, and do not
tow the motorcycle for long distances. The transmission is
properly lubricated only when
the engine is running. Inadequate lubrication may damage
the transmission.
Always use the clutch while
changing gears to avoid damaging the engine, transmission,
and drive train, which are not
designed to withstand the
shock of forced shifting.
EAU16810
Tips for reducing fuel consumption
Fuel consumption depends largely on
your riding style. Consider the following
tips to reduce fuel consumption:
● Shift up swiftly, and avoid high engine speeds during acceleration.
● Do not rev the engine while shifting
down, and avoid high engine
speeds with no load on the engine.
● Turn the engine off instead of letting it idle for an extended length of
time (e.g., in traffic jams, at traffic
lights or at railroad crossings).
EAU16841
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period
in the life of your engine than the period
between 0 and 1600 km (1000 mi). For
this reason, you should read the following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do not
put an excessive load on it for the first
1600 km (1000 mi). The various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves
to the correct operating clearances.
During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any condition that might
result in engine overheating must be
avoided.
EAU17023
0–1000 km (0–600 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 1/3
throttle. NOTICE: After 1000 km (600
mi) of operation, the engine oil must
be changed, and the oil filter cartridge or element replaced. [ECA11282]
1000–1600 km (600–1000 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 1/2
throttle.
5-3
U2DXE0E0.book Page 4 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
1600 km (1000 mi) and beyond
The vehicle can now be operated normally.
ECA10270
NOTICE
If any engine trouble should occur
during the engine break-in period,
immediately have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
EAU17213
Parking
When parking, stop the engine, and
then remove the key from the main
switch.
EWA10311
WARNING
●
●
●
Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to
touch them and be burned.
Do not park on a slope or on soft
ground, otherwise the vehicle
may overturn, increasing the
risk of a fuel leak and fire.
Do not park near grass or other
flammable materials which
might catch fire.
5-4
5
U2DXE0E0.book Page 1 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU17244
EWA15122
EAU17302
WARNING
6
Periodic inspection, adjustment, and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the
safest and most efficient condition possible. Safety is an obligation of the vehicle owner/operator. The most important
points of vehicle inspection, adjustment, and lubrication are explained on
the following pages.
The intervals given in the periodic
maintenance charts should be simply
considered as a general guide under
normal riding conditions. However, depending on the weather, terrain, geographical location, and individual use,
the maintenance intervals may need to
be shortened.
Turn off the engine when performing
maintenance
unless
otherwise
specified.
● A running engine has moving
parts that can catch on body
parts or clothing and electrical
parts that can cause shocks or
fires.
● Running the engine while servicing can lead to eye injury,
burns, fire, or carbon monoxide
poisoning – possibly leading to
death. See page 1-3 for more information about carbon monoxide.
EWA15460
EWA10321
WARNING
Failure to properly maintain the vehicle or performing maintenance activities incorrectly may increase
your risk of injury or death during
service or while using the vehicle. If
you are not familiar with vehicle service, have a Yamaha dealer perform
service.
WARNING
Brake discs, calipers, drums, and
linings can become very hot during
use. To avoid possible burns, let
brake components cool before
touching them.
6-1
Emission controls not only function to
ensure cleaner air, but are also vital to
proper engine operation and maximum
performance. In the following periodic
maintenance charts, the services related to emissions control are grouped
separately. These services require
specialized data, knowledge, and
equipment. Maintenance, replacement,
or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by
any repair establishment or individual
that is certified (if applicable). Yamaha
dealers are trained and equipped to
perform these particular services.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 2 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU55630
TIP
Owner’s tool kit
●
1
2
●
If you do not have the tools or experience required for a particular
job, have a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.
Install the owner’s tool box with the
“INSIDE” mark facing inward.
1
1. Owner’s tool box
2. Owner’s tool kit
The owner’s tool kit is located inside the
owner’s tool box behind panel A. (See
page 6-8.)
The service information included in this
manual and the tools provided in the
owner’s tool kit are intended to assist
you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. However, additional tools such as a torque
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
6
1. “INSIDE” mark
6-2
U2DXE0E0.book Page 3 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU46861
TIP
●
●
●
The annual checks must be performed every year, except if a kilometer-based maintenance, or for the UK, a
mileage-based maintenance, is performed instead.
From 50000 km (30000 mi), repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 10000 km (6000 mi).
Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools, data and technical
skills.
EAU46910
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
ODOMETER READING
NO.
6
ITEM
1 * Fuel line
2
Spark plugs
3 * Valves
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1000 km
(600 mi)
10000 km
(6000 mi)
20000 km
(12000 mi)
30000 km
(18000 mi)
40000 km
(24000 mi)
• Check fuel hoses for cracks or
damage.
√
√
√
√
• Check condition.
• Clean and regap.
√
√
√
• Replace.
√
√
• Check valve clearance.
• Adjust.
√
√
4 *
Fuel injection system
• Adjust synchronization.
√
√
√
√
√
5 *
Muffler and exhaust
pipe
• Check the screw clamp(s) for
looseness.
√
√
√
√
√
6-3
ANNUAL
CHECK
√
U2DXE0E0.book Page 4 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU1770F
General maintenance and lubrication chart
ODOMETER READING
NO.
1
2
ITEM
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1000 km
(600 mi)
10000 km
(6000 mi)
20000 km
(12000 mi)
30000 km
(18000 mi)
40000 km
(24000 mi)
ANNUAL
CHECK
√
Air filter element
• Replace.
Clutch
• Check operation.
• Adjust.
√
√
√
√
√
• Check operation, fluid level and
vehicle for fluid leakage.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
3 * Front brake
• Replace brake pads.
4 * Rear brake
• Check operation, fluid level and
vehicle for fluid leakage.
Whenever worn to the limit
√
√
• Replace brake pads.
5 * Brake hoses
√
√
Whenever worn to the limit
• Check for cracks or damage.
• Check for correct routing and
clamping.
√
√
√
• Replace.
Every 4 years
6 * Brake fluid
• Replace.
Every 2 years
7 * Wheels
• Check runout and for damage.
√
√
√
√
8 * Tires
• Check tread depth and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
√
√
√
√
9 * Wheel bearings
• Check bearing for looseness or
damage.
√
√
√
√
6-4
√
6
U2DXE0E0.book Page 5 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
ODOMETER READING
NO.
ITEM
10 * Swingarm
11 * Drive belt
12 * Steering bearings
6
13 * Chassis fasteners
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1000 km
(600 mi)
• Check operation and for excessive play.
10000 km
(6000 mi)
20000 km
(12000 mi)
30000 km
(18000 mi)
40000 km
(24000 mi)
√
√
√
√
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based
grease.
•
•
•
•
Every 50000 km (30000 mi)
Check belt condition.
Replace if damaged.
Check belt tension.
Make sure that the rear wheel is
properly aligned.
• Check bearing play and steering
for roughness.
ANNUAL
CHECK
Every 4000 km (2500 mi)
√
√
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based
grease.
√
√
√
Every 20000 km (12000 mi)
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and
screws are properly tightened.
√
√
√
√
√
14
Brake lever pivot
shaft
• Lubricate with silicone grease.
√
√
√
√
√
15
Brake pedal pivot
shaft
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based
grease.
√
√
√
√
√
16
Clutch lever pivot
shaft
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based
grease.
√
√
√
√
√
17
Shift pedal pivot
shaft
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based
grease.
√
√
√
√
√
18
Sidestand
• Check operation.
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based
grease.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
19 * Sidestand switch
• Check operation.
√
6-5
U2DXE0E0.book Page 6 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
ODOMETER READING
NO.
ITEM
20 * Front fork
CHECK OR MAINTENANCE JOB
1000 km
(600 mi)
10000 km
(6000 mi)
20000 km
(12000 mi)
30000 km
(18000 mi)
40000 km
(24000 mi)
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
21 *
Shock absorber assemblies
• Check operation and shock absorbers for oil leakage.
22
Engine oil
• Change.
• Check oil level and vehicle for oil
leakage.
√
23
Engine oil filter cartridge
• Replace.
√
24 *
Front and rear brake
switches
• Check operation.
√
25
Moving parts and
cables
26 * Throttle grip
27 *
Lights, signals and
switches
√
ANNUAL
CHECK
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Lubricate.
√
√
√
√
√
• Check operation.
• Check throttle grip free play, and
adjust if necessary.
• Lubricate cable and grip housing.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
• Check operation.
• Adjust headlight beam.
√
EAU18680
TIP
●
Air filter
• This model’s air filter is equipped with a disposable oil-coated paper element, which must not be cleaned with compressed air to avoid damaging it.
• The air filter element needs to be replaced more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
6-6
6
U2DXE0E0.book Page 7 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
●
Hydraulic brake service
• Regularly check and, if necessary, correct the brake fluid level.
• Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylinders and calipers, and change the brake
fluid.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years and if cracked or damaged.
6
6-7
U2DXE0E0.book Page 8 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU18751
EAU42432
Removing and installing the
panel
Checking the spark plugs
The panel shown needs to be removed
to perform some of the maintenance
jobs described in this chapter. Refer to
this section each time the panel needs
to be removed and installed.
1
1
2
1. Panel lock cover
2. Unlock.
2. Pull the panel off as shown.
The spark plugs are important engine
components, which are easy to check.
Since heat and deposits will cause any
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark
plugs should be removed and checked
in accordance with the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
the condition of the spark plugs can reveal the condition of the engine.
To remove a spark plug
1. Remove the appropriate spark
plug cover (rear right or front left)
by removing the bolts.
1
1. Panel A
EAU54941
Panel A
To remove the panel
1. Slide the panel lock cover open, insert the key into the lock, and then
turn it 1/4 turn clockwise.
2
To install the panel
1. Place the panel in the original position.
2. Turn the key 1/4 turn counterclockwise, remove it, and then slide the
panel lock cover closed.
6-8
1. Spark plug cover
2. Bolt
6
U2DXE0E0.book Page 9 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
1
1
Specified spark plug:
NGK/CPR7EA-9
2
1. Spark plug cover
2. Bolt
4. Measure the spark plug gap with a
wire thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust the gap to specification.
1. Spark plug wrench
2. Remove the spark plug cap.
1
6
1. Spark plug cap
3. Remove the spark plug as shown,
with the spark plug wrench included in the additional tool kit, which
was handed out separately at the
purchase of the vehicle.
3. Check each spark plug for electrode erosion and excessive carbon or other deposits, and replace
it if necessary.
To check the spark plugs
1. Check that the porcelain insulator
around the center electrode on
each spark plug is a medium-tolight tan (the ideal color when the
vehicle is ridden normally).
2. Check that all spark plugs installed
in the engine have the same color.
TIP
If any spark plug shows a distinctly different color, the engine could be operating improperly. Do not attempt to
diagnose such problems yourself. Instead, have a Yamaha dealer check
the vehicle.
6-9
1. Spark plug gap
Spark plug gap:
0.8–0.9 mm (0.031–0.035 in)
U2DXE0E0.book Page 10 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
To install a spark plug
1. Clean the surface of the spark plug
gasket and its mating surface, and
then wipe off any grime from the
spark plug threads.
2. Install the spark plug with the
spark plug wrench, and then tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
13 Nm (1.3 m·kgf, 9.4 ft·lbf)
TIP
If a torque wrench is not available when
installing a spark plug, a good estimate
of the correct torque is 1/4–1/2 turn
past finger tight. However, the spark
plug should be tightened to the specified torque as soon as possible.
3. Install the spark plug cap.
4. Install the spark plug cover by installing the bolts.
EAU47112
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge
The engine oil level should be checked
before each ride. In addition, the oil
must be changed and the oil filter cartridge replaced at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and
lubrication chart.
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position. A slight tilt to the side can
result in a false reading.
2. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles.
4. Remove the engine oil filler cap,
wipe the engine oil dipstick clean,
insert it back into the oil filler hole
(without screwing it in), and then
remove it again to check the oil level.
6-10
TIP
The engine oil should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
1
1. Engine oil filler cap
6
1
2
3
1. Engine oil dipstick
2. Maximum level mark
3. Minimum level mark
U2DXE0E0.book Page 11 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
5. If the engine oil is at or below the
minimum level mark, add sufficient
oil of the recommended type to
raise it to the correct level.
6. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler
hole, and then tighten the oil filler
cap.
6
To change the engine oil (with or
without oil filter cartridge replacement)
1. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
2. Place an oil pan under the engine
to collect the used oil.
3. Remove the engine oil filler cap,
the engine oil drain bolt and its
gasket to drain the oil from the
crankcase.
TIP
An oil filter wrench is available at a
Yamaha dealer.
2
1
5. Apply a thin coat of clean engine
oil to the O-ring of the new oil filter
cartridge.
1. Engine oil drain bolt
2. Gasket
TIP
Skip steps 4–6 if the oil filter cartridge is
not being replaced.
4. Remove the oil filter cartridge with
an oil filter wrench.
1. O-ring
TIP
Make sure that the O-ring is properly
seated.
2
1
1. Oil filter wrench
2. Oil filter cartridge
6-11
6. Install the new oil filter cartridge
with an oil filter wrench, and then
tighten it to the specified torque
with a torque wrench.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 12 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
2
1
1. Torque wrench
2. Oil filter cartridge
Tightening torque:
Oil filter cartridge:
17 Nm (1.7 m·kgf, 12 ft·lbf)
7. Install the engine oil drain bolt and
its new gasket, and then tighten
the bolt to the specified torque.
Recommended engine oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
Without oil filter cartridge replacement:
3.70 L (3.91 US qt, 3.26 Imp.qt)
With oil filter cartridge replacement:
4.00 L (4.23 US qt, 3.52 Imp.qt)
TIP
Be sure to wipe off spilled oil on any
parts after the engine and exhaust system have cooled down.
ECA11620
NOTICE
●
Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
43 Nm (4.3 m·kgf, 31 ft·lbf)
8. Refill with the specified amount of
the recommended engine oil, and
then install and tighten the oil filler
cap.
●
In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also
lubricates the clutch), do not
mix any chemical additives. Do
not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In
addition, do not use oils labeled
“ENERGY CONSERVING II” or
higher.
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
6-12
9. Start the engine, and then let it idle
for several minutes while checking
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, immediately turn the engine off and
check for the cause.
TIP
After the engine is started, the engine
oil level warning light should go off if the
oil level is sufficient.
ECA10401
NOTICE
If the oil level warning light flickers
or remains on even if the oil level is
correct, immediately turn the engine
off and have a Yamaha dealer check
the vehicle.
10. Turn the engine off, wait a few minutes until the oil settles, and then
check the oil level and correct it if
necessary.
6
U2DXE0E0.book Page 13 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU47080
EAU21384
Replacing the air filter element
The air filter element should be replaced at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart. Replace the air filter element
more frequently if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Checking the throttle grip free
play
1
1
To replace the air filter element
1. Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the bolts.
2
6
1
1
1. Air filter element
3. Insert a new air filter element into
the air filter case. NOTICE: Make
sure that the air filter element is
properly seated in the air filter
case. The engine should never
be operated without the air filter
element installed, otherwise the
piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may
become
excessively
worn.
[ECA10481]
1. Bolt
2. Air filter case cover
4. Install the air filter case cover by installing the bolts.
2. Pull the air filter element out.
6-13
1. Throttle grip free play
The throttle grip free play should measure 4.0–6.0 mm (0.16–0.24 in) at the
inner edge of the throttle grip. Periodically check the throttle grip free play
and, if necessary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 14 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU21401
EAU21566
Valve clearance
Tires
The valve clearance changes with use,
resulting in improper air-fuel mixture
and/or engine noise. To prevent this
from occurring, the valve clearance
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
Tires are the only contact between the
vehicle and the road. Safety in all conditions of riding depends on a relatively
small area of road contact. Therefore, it
is essential to maintain the tires in good
condition at all times and replace them
at the appropriate time with the specified tires.
Tire air pressure
The tire air pressure should be checked
and, if necessary, adjusted before each
ride.
EWA10503
WARNING
Operation of this vehicle with improper tire pressure may cause severe injury or death from loss of
control.
● The tire air pressure must be
checked and adjusted on cold
tires (i.e., when the temperature
of the tires equals the ambient
temperature).
● The tire air pressure must be adjusted in accordance with the
riding speed and with the total
6-14
weight of rider, passenger, cargo, and accessories approved
for this model.
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
0–90 kg (0–198 lb):
Front:
225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm², 33 psi)
Rear:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
90–202 kg (198–445 lb):
Front:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
Rear:
280 kPa (2.80 kgf/cm², 41 psi)
Maximum load*:
202 kg (445 lb)
* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and accessories
EWA10511
WARNING
Never overload your vehicle. Operation of an overloaded vehicle could
cause an accident.
6
U2DXE0E0.book Page 15 Tuesday, October 22, 2013 1:47 PM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
Tire inspection
1. Tire sidewall
2. Tire tread depth
Tire information
This motorcycle is equipped with tubeless tires, tire air valves and cast
wheels.
Tires age, even if they have not been
used or have only been used occasionally. Cracking of the tread and sidewall
rubber, sometimes accompanied by
carcass deformation, is an evidence of
ageing. Old and aged tires shall be
checked by tire specialists to ascertain
their suitability for further use.
EWA10461
6
The tires must be checked before each
ride. If the center tread depth reaches
the specified limit, if the tire has a nail or
glass fragments in it, or if the sidewall is
cracked, have a Yamaha dealer replace the tire immediately.
The front and rear tires should be of
the same make and design, otherwise the handling characteristics of
the vehicle may be different, which
could lead to an accident.
Minimum tire tread depth (front and
rear):
1.6 mm (0.06 in)
After extensive tests, only the tires listed below have been approved for this
model by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
Front tire:
Size:
100/90-19M/C 57H
Manufacturer/model:
BRIDGESTONE/EXEDRA G721 F
Rear tire:
Size:
150/80B16M/C 71H
Manufacturer/model:
BRIDGESTONE/EXEDRA G722 F
EWA10471
WARNING
●
WARNING
TIP
The tire tread depth limits may differ
from country to country. Always comply
with the local regulations.
●
●
6-15
Have a Yamaha dealer replace
excessively worn tires. Besides
being illegal, operating the vehicle with excessively worn tires
decreases riding stability and
can lead to loss of control.
The replacement of all wheel
and brake-related parts, including the tires, should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the
necessary professional knowledge and experience to do so.
Ride at moderate speeds after
changing a tire since the tire
surface must first be “broken
in” for it to develop its optimal
characteristics.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 16 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU21962
Cast wheels
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your vehicle,
note the following points regarding the
specified wheels.
● The wheel rims should be checked
for cracks, bends, warpage or other damage before each ride. If any
damage is found, have a Yamaha
dealer replace the wheel. Do not
attempt even the smallest repair to
the wheel. A deformed or cracked
wheel must be replaced.
● The wheel should be balanced
whenever either the tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced. An
unbalanced wheel can result in
poor performance, adverse handling characteristics, and a shortened tire life.
EAU55642
Adjusting the clutch lever free
play
2 1
(a)
3
(b)
1. Clutch lever free play adjusting bolt
2. Locknut (clutch lever)
3. Clutch lever free play
The clutch lever free play should measure 5.0–10.0 mm (0.20–0.39 in) as
shown. Periodically check the clutch lever free play and, if necessary, adjust it
as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut at the clutch lever.
2. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the clutch lever free play
adjusting bolt in direction (a). To
decrease the clutch lever free play,
turn the adjusting bolt in direction
(b).
6-16
TIP
If the specified clutch lever free play
could be obtained as described above,
skip steps 3–6.
3. Fully turn the adjusting bolt at the
clutch lever in direction (a) to loosen the clutch cable.
4. Loosen the locknut at the crankcase.
1
2
(b)
(a)
1. Clutch lever free play adjusting nut
2. Locknut (crankcase)
5. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the clutch lever free play
adjusting nut in direction (a). To
decrease the clutch lever free play,
turn the adjusting nut in direction
(b).
6
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
6. Tighten the locknut at the crankcase.
7. Tighten the locknut at the clutch lever.
EAU37913
Checking the brake lever free
play
1
1. No brake lever free play
6
There should be no free play at the
brake lever end. If there is free play,
have a Yamaha dealer inspect the
brake system.
EWA14211
WARNING
A soft or spongy feeling in the brake
lever can indicate the presence of air
in the hydraulic system. If there is air
in the hydraulic system, have a
Yamaha dealer bleed the system before operating the vehicle. Air in the
hydraulic system will diminish the
6-17
braking performance, which may result in loss of control and an accident.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 18 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
Checking the front and rear
brake pads
indicator grooves have almost disappeared, have a Yamaha dealer replace
the brake pads as a set.
The front and rear brake pads must be
checked for wear at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and
lubrication chart.
Rear brake pads
EAU36503
Brake light switches
The brake light, which is activated by
the brake pedal and brake lever, should
come on just before braking takes effect. If necessary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust the brake light switches.
EAU22392
EAU22500
1
EAU22430
Front brake pads
1
1
1. Lining thickness
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
Each front brake pad is provided with
wear indicator grooves, which allow
you to check the brake pad wear without having to disassemble the brake.
To check the brake pad wear, check
the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear
6-18
Check each rear brake pad for damage
and measure the lining thickness. If a
brake pad is damaged or if the lining
thickness is less than 0.8 mm (0.03 in),
have a Yamaha dealer replace the
brake pads as a set.
6
U2DXE0E0.book Page 19 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU40261
Checking the brake fluid level
Before riding, check that the brake fluid
is above the minimum level mark.
Check the brake fluid level with the top
of the reservoir level. Replenish the
brake fluid if necessary.
●
Rear brake
●
1
Front brake
●
1. Minimum level mark
1
Specified brake fluid:
DOT 4
EWA16010
6
WARNING
1. Minimum level mark
Improper maintenance can result in
loss of braking ability. Observe
these precautions:
● Insufficient brake fluid may allow air to enter the brake system,
reducing
braking
performance.
● Clean the filler cap before removing. Use only DOT 4 brake
fluid from a sealed container.
6-19
Use only the specified brake fluid; otherwise, the rubber seals
may deteriorate, causing leakage.
Refill with the same type of
brake fluid. Adding a brake fluid
other than DOT 4 may result in a
harmful chemical reaction.
Be careful that water or dust
does not enter the brake fluid
reservoir when refilling. Water
will significantly lower the boiling point of the fluid and may result in vapor lock, and dirt may
clog the ABS hydraulic unit
valves.
ECA17640
NOTICE
Brake fluid may damage painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean
up spilled fluid immediately.
As the brake pads wear, it is normal for
the brake fluid level to gradually go
down. A low brake fluid level may indicate worn brake pads and/or brake system leakage; therefore, be sure to
check the brake pads for wear and the
brake system for leakage. If the brake
U2DXE0E0.book Page 20 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
fluid level goes down suddenly, have a
Yamaha dealer check the cause before
further riding.
EAU22732
EAU23040
Changing the brake fluid
Drive belt slack
Have a Yamaha dealer change the
brake fluid at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition, have the oil seals
of the master cylinders and calipers as
well as the brake hoses replaced at the
intervals listed below or whenever they
are damaged or leaking.
● Oil seals: Replace every two
years.
● Brake hoses: Replace every four
years.
The drive belt slack should be checked
and adjusted at the intervals specified
in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
EAU55770
To check the drive belt slack
1. Place the vehicle on the sidestand.
2. Note the current position of the
drive belt using the marks near the
drive belt check hole.
2
6
1
1. Drive belt
2. Marks
3. Note the position of the drive belt
with a force of 45 N (4.5 kgf, 10 lbf)
applied to the belt with a belt tension gauge as shown.
6-20
U2DXE0E0.book Page 21 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU23096
TIP
A belt tension gauge is available at a
Yamaha dealer.
6 8 10 12 14
2
6
1
1. Belt tension gauge
2. Drive belt slack
4. Calculate the drive belt slack by
subtracting the measurement noted in step 2 from the measurement
noted in step 3.
EAU49920
Checking and lubricating the
cables
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable
The operation of all control cables and
the condition of the cables should be
checked before each ride, and the cables and cable ends should be lubricated if necessary. If a cable is damaged
or does not move smoothly, have a
Yamaha dealer check or replace it.
WARNING! Damage to the outer
housing of cables may result in internal rusting and cause interference with cable movement. Replace
damaged cables as soon as possible to prevent unsafe conditions.
The operation of the throttle grip should
be checked before each ride. In addition, the cable should be lubricated by a
Yamaha dealer at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance chart.
[EWA10711]
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha cable lubricant or other
suitable cable lubricant
Drive belt slack:
6.0–8.0 mm (0.24–0.31 in)
5. If the drive belt slack is incorrect,
have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
6-21
U2DXE0E0.book Page 22 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU44273
Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals
EAU23143
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers
The operation of the brake and shift
pedals should be checked before each
ride, and the pedal pivots should be lubricated if necessary.
The operation of the brake and clutch
levers should be checked before each
ride, and the lever pivots should be lubricated if necessary.
Brake pedal
Brake lever
6
Shift pedal
Clutch lever
6-22
U2DXE0E0.book Page 23 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU23202
Recommended lubricants:
Brake lever:
Silicone grease
Clutch lever:
Lithium-soap-based grease
6
EAUM1652
Checking and lubricating the
sidestand
Lubricating the swingarm pivots
The operation of the sidestand should
be checked before each ride, and the
sidestand pivot and metal-to-metal
contact surfaces should be lubricated if
necessary.
The swingarm pivots must be lubricated by a Yamaha dealer at the intervals
specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart.
EWA10731
WARNING
If the sidestand does not move up
and down smoothly, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair it. Otherwise,
the sidestand could contact the
ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss of control.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
6-23
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
U2DXE0E0.book Page 24 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU23272
EAU23283
Checking the front fork
Checking the steering
The condition and operation of the front
fork must be checked as follows at the
intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
Worn or loose steering bearings may
cause danger. Therefore, the operation
of the steering must be checked as follows at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1. Place a stand under the engine to
raise the front wheel off the
ground. (See page 6-31 for more
information.)
WARNING!
To
avoid injury, securely support
the vehicle so there is no danger
of it falling over. [EWA10751]
2. Hold the lower ends of the front
fork legs and try to move them forward and backward. If any free
play can be felt, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair the steering.
To check the condition
Check the inner tubes for scratches,
damage and excessive oil leakage.
ECA10590
To check the operation
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position. WARNING! To avoid injury,
securely support the vehicle so
there is no danger of it falling
over. [EWA10751]
2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars
several times to check if the front
fork compresses and rebounds
smoothly.
NOTICE
If any damage is found or the front
fork does not operate smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or repair it.
6-24
6
U2DXE0E0.book Page 25 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU23291
Checking the wheel bearings
EAU50210
Battery
3
1
2
6
The front and rear wheel bearings must
be checked at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. If there is play in the wheel
hub or if the wheel does not turn
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check
the wheel bearings.
1. Positive battery lead (red)
2. Battery
3. Negative battery lead (black)
●
The battery is located under the rider
seat. (See page 3-16.)
This model is equipped with a VRLA
(Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery.
There is no need to check the electrolyte or to add distilled water. However,
the battery lead connections need to be
checked and, if necessary, tightened.
EWA10760
●
skin, eyes or clothing and always shield your eyes when
working near batteries. In case
of contact, administer the following FIRST AID.
• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty
of water.
• INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk and immediately call a physician.
• EYES: Flush with water for 15
minutes and seek prompt
medical attention.
Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas. Therefore, keep
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc.,
away from the battery and provide sufficient ventilation when
charging it in an enclosed
space.
KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTERIES OUT OF THE REACH OF
CHILDREN.
WARNING
●
Electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous since it contains sulfuric acid, which causes severe
burns. Avoid any contact with
6-25
To charge the battery
Have a Yamaha dealer charge the battery as soon as possible if it seems to
have discharged. Keep in mind that the
U2DXE0E0.book Page 26 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
battery tends to discharge more quickly
if the vehicle is equipped with optional
electrical accessories.
ECA16521
NOTICE
To charge a VRLA (Valve Regulated
Lead Acid) battery, a special (constant-voltage) battery charger is required. Using a conventional battery
charger will damage the battery.
To store the battery
1. If the vehicle will not be used for
more than one month, remove the
battery, fully charge it, and then
place it in a cool, dry place.
NOTICE: When removing the
battery, be sure the key is
turned to “OFF”, then disconnect the negative lead before
disconnecting the positive lead.
is turned to “OFF”, then connect the positive lead before
connecting the negative lead.
[ECA16840]
4. After installation, make sure that
the battery leads are properly connected to the battery terminals.
EAU56240
Replacing the fuses
The main fuse, the ABS motor fuse,
and the fuse boxes, which contain the
fuses for the individual circuits, are located under the owner’s tool box behind panel A. (See page 6-8.)
ECA16530
NOTICE
1
Always keep the battery charged.
Storing a discharged battery can
cause permanent battery damage.
2 3
4
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
[ECA16302]
2. If the battery will be stored for more
than two months, check it at least
once a month and fully charge it if
necessary.
3. Fully charge the battery before installation. NOTICE: When installing the battery, be sure the key
6-26
Fuse box
Main fuse
ABS motor fuse
ABS motor spare fuse
U2DXE0E0.book Page 27 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
9
8
7
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
2
1
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6
6.
7.
8.
9.
Ignition fuse
ABS control unit fuse
Signaling system fuse
Parking lighting fuse
Backup fuse (for clock and immobilizer system)
Headlight fuse
Spare fuse
Fuel injection system fuse
ABS solenoid fuse
TIP
To access the ABS motor fuse, remove
the starter relay cover by pulling it upward.
1. Starter relay cover
2. ABS motor fuse
3. ABS motor spare fuse
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
1. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
the electrical circuit in question.
2. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage. WARNING! Do not
use a fuse of a higher amperage
rating than recommended to
avoid causing extensive damage to the electrical system and
possibly a fire. [EWA15131]
6-27
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
40.0 A
Headlight fuse:
20.0 A
Signaling system fuse:
7.5 A
Ignition fuse:
15.0 A
Parking lighting fuse:
15.0 A
ABS motor fuse:
30.0 A
Fuel injection system fuse:
10.0 A
ABS solenoid fuse:
15.0 A
ABS control unit fuse:
7.5 A
Backup fuse:
7.5 A
3. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
the electrical circuit in question to
check if the device operates.
4. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 28 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU48513
Replacing the headlight bulb
This model is equipped with a halogen
bulb headlight. If the headlight bulb
burns out, replace it as follows.
2
1
ECA10650
NOTICE
Take care not to damage the following parts:
● Headlight bulb
Do not touch the glass part of
the headlight bulb to keep it free
from oil, otherwise the transparency of the glass, the luminosity
of the bulb, and the bulb life will
be adversely affected. Thoroughly clean off any dirt and fingerprints on the headlight bulb
using a cloth moistened with alcohol or thinner.
● Headlight lens
Do not affix any type of tinted
film or stickers to the headlight
lens.
Do not use a headlight bulb of a
wattage higher than specified.
1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
1. Remove the headlight unit by removing the screws.
1. Headlight coupler
2. Headlight bulb cover
3. Unhook the headlight bulb holder,
and then remove the burnt-out
bulb.
6
1
1
1. Screw
2. Disconnect the headlight coupler,
and then remove the headlight
bulb cover.
6-28
1. Headlight bulb holder
4. Place a new headlight bulb into position, and then secure it with the
bulb holder.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 29 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
5. Install the bulb cover, and then
connect the coupler.
TIP
When installing the headlight bulb cover, make sure the “TOP” mark faces upwards.
EAU24181
Tail/brake light
This model is equipped with an LEDtype tail/brake light.
If the tail/brake light does not come on,
have a Yamaha dealer check it.
EAU24213
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb
1. Remove the turn signal light lens
by removing the screws.
1
2
1
1. Screw
2. Turn signal light lens
6
1. “TOP” mark
2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
6. Install the headlight unit by installing the screws.
7. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the
headlight beam if necessary.
6-29
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU24330
License plate light
If the license plate light does not come
on, have a Yamaha dealer check the
electrical circuit or replace the bulb.
1
1. Turn signal light bulb
EAU45225
Replacing the auxiliary light
bulb
If the auxiliary light bulb burns out, replace it as follows.
1. Remove the headlight unit. (See
page 6-28.)
2. Remove the auxiliary light bulb
socket (together with the bulb) by
pulling it out.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screws. NOTICE: Do not overtighten the screws, otherwise
the lens may break. [ECA10681]
6
1
1. Auxiliary light bulb socket
3. Remove the burnt-out bulb by pulling it out.
6-30
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU24350
Supporting the motorcycle
1
1. Auxiliary light bulb
4. Insert a new bulb into the socket.
5. Install the socket (together with the
bulb) by pushing it in.
6. Install the headlight unit.
6
Since this model is not equipped with a
centerstand, follow these precautions
when removing the front and rear
wheel or performing other maintenance
requiring the motorcycle to stand upright. Check that the motorcycle is in a
stable and level position before starting
any maintenance. A strong wooden
box can be placed under the engine for
added stability.
To service the front wheel
1. Stabilize the rear of the motorcycle
by using a motorcycle stand or, if
an additional motorcycle stand is
not available, by placing a jack under the frame in front of the rear
wheel.
2. Raise the front wheel off the
ground by using a motorcycle
stand.
To service the rear wheel
Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
using a motorcycle stand or, if a motorcycle stand is not available, by placing
6-31
a jack either under each side of the
frame in front of the rear wheel or under
each side of the swingarm.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 32 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU25851
Troubleshooting
Although Yamaha motorcycles receive
a thorough inspection before shipment
from the factory, trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel,
compression, or ignition systems, for
example, can cause poor starting and
loss of power.
The following troubleshooting chart
represents a quick and easy procedure
for checking these vital systems yourself. However, should your motorcycle
require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the motorcycle
properly.
Use only genuine Yamaha replacement parts. Imitation parts may look like
Yamaha parts, but they are often inferior, have a shorter service life and can
lead to expensive repair bills.
heaters or furnaces. Gasoline or
gasoline vapors can ignite or explode, causing severe injury or
property damage.
6
EWA15141
WARNING
When checking the fuel system, do
not smoke, and make sure there are
no open flames or sparks in the area, including pilot lights from water
6-32
U2DXE0E0.book Page 33 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT
EAU42603
Troubleshooting chart
1. Fuel
There is enough fuel.
Check the battery.
There is no fuel.
Supply fuel.
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
2. Battery
The engine does not start.
Check the battery.
The engine turns over
quickly.
The battery is good.
The engine turns over
slowly.
Check the battery lead connections,
and have a Yamaha dealer charge
the battery if necessary.
Operate the electric starter.
3. Ignition
6
The engine does not start.
Check the ignition.
Wet
Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the
spark plug gaps, or replace the spark plugs.
Operate the electric starter.
Dry
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
The engine does not start.
Check the compression.
Remove the spark plugs
and check the electrodes.
4. Compression
There is compression.
The engine does not start.
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
There is no compression.
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
Operate the electric starter.
6-33
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MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
EAU37833
Matte color caution
ucts onto seals, gaskets, the drive
belt and wheel axles. Always rinse
the dirt and degreaser off with water.
EAU26074
Care
ECA15192
NOTICE
Some models are equipped with
matte colored finished parts. Be
sure to consult a Yamaha dealer for
advice on what products to use before cleaning the vehicle. Using a
brush, harsh chemical products or
cleaning compounds when cleaning
these parts will scratch or damage
their surface. Wax also should not
be applied to any matte colored finished parts.
While the open design of a motorcycle
reveals the attractiveness of the technology, it also makes it more vulnerable. Rust and corrosion can develop
even if high-quality components are
used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed on a car, however, it detracts
from the overall appearance of a motorcycle. Frequent and proper care does
not only comply with the terms of the
warranty, but it will also keep your motorcycle looking good, extend its life
and optimize its performance.
Before cleaning
1. Cover the muffler outlet with a
plastic bag after the engine has
cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers
as well as all electrical couplers
and connectors, including the
spark plug caps, are tightly installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such prod7-1
Cleaning
ECA10772
NOTICE
●
●
Avoid using strong acidic wheel
cleaners, especially on spoked
wheels. If such products are
used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse
the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a corrosion protection spray.
Improper cleaning can damage
plastic parts (such as cowlings,
panels, windshields, headlight
lenses, meter lenses, etc.) and
the mufflers. Use only a soft,
clean cloth or sponge with water to clean plastic. However, if
the plastic parts cannot be thoroughly cleaned with water, diluted mild detergent with water
may be used. Be sure to rinse
7
U2DXE0E0.book Page 2 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
●
●
7
●
off any detergent residue using
plenty of water, as it is harmful
to plastic parts.
Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive
cleaning products, solvent or
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
Do not use high-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since
they cause water seepage and
deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel and swingarm bearings, fork and brakes),
electric components (couplers,
connectors,
instruments,
switches and lights), breather
hoses and vents.
For motorcycles equipped with
a windshield: Do not use strong
cleaners or hard sponges as
they will cause dulling or
scratching. Some cleaning compounds for plastic may leave
scratches on the windshield.
Test the product on a small hidden part of the windshield to
make sure that it does not leave
any marks. If the windshield is
scratched, use a quality plastic
polishing
compound
after
washing.
After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt
and insects will come off more easily if
the area is covered with a wet cloth for
a few minutes before cleaning.
After riding in the rain, near the sea or
on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on roads
during winter are extremely corrosive in
combination with water, carry out the
following steps after each ride in the
rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed
roads.
7-2
TIP
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may
remain well into spring.
1. Clean the motorcycle with cold water and a mild detergent, after the
engine
has
cooled
down.
NOTICE: Do not use warm water
since it increases the corrosive
action of the salt. [ECA10791]
2. After drying the motorcycle, apply
a corrosion protection spray on all
metal, including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent corrosion.
After cleaning
1. Dry the motorcycle with a chamois
or an absorbing cloth.
2. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainlesssteel parts, including the exhaust
system. (Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainlesssteel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)
U2DXE0E0.book Page 3 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
3. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal,
including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces.
4. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
5. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
6. Wax all painted and chrome-plated surfaces. Avoid combination
cleaner waxes, many of which
contain abrasives that may mar
the paint or protective finish.
7. Let the motorcycle dry completely
before storing or covering it.
speeds, test the motorcycle’s
braking performance and cornering behavior.
ECA10950
NOTICE
●
●
●
●
EWA11131
WARNING
Contaminants on the brakes or tires
can cause loss of control.
● Make sure that there is no oil or
wax on the brakes or tires.
● If necessary, clean the brake
discs and brake linings with a
regular brake disc cleaner or acetone, and wash the tires with
warm water and a mild detergent. Before riding at higher
Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe off
any excess.
Never apply oil or wax to the
drive belt.
Never apply oil or wax to any
rubber and plastic parts, but
treat them with a suitable care
product.
Avoid using abrasive polishing
compounds as they will wear
away the paint.
TIP
●
●
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on what products to use.
Washing, rainy weather or humid
climates can cause the headlight
lens to fog. Turning the headlight
on for a short period of time will
help remove the moisture from the
lens.
7-3
EAU26282
Storage
Short-term
Always store your motorcycle in a cool,
dry place and, if necessary, protect it
against dust with a porous cover. Be
sure the engine and the exhaust system are cool before covering the motorcycle.
ECA10810
NOTICE
●
●
Storing the motorcycle in a
poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp, while it is still
wet, will allow water and humidity to seep in and cause rust.
To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
Long-term
Before storing your motorcycle for several months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
7
U2DXE0E0.book Page 4 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
7
2. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
3. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinders, piston rings, etc.
from corrosion.
a. Remove the spark plug caps
and spark plugs.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil
into each spark plug bore.
c. Install the spark plug caps onto
the spark plugs, and then place
the spark plugs on the cylinder
head so that the electrodes are
grounded. (This will limit sparking during the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several
times with the starter. (This will
coat the cylinder walls with oil.)
WARNING! To prevent damage or injury from sparking,
make sure to ground the
spark plug electrodes while
turning the engine over.
[EWA10951]
4.
5.
6.
7.
e. Remove the spark plug caps
from the spark plugs, and then
install the spark plugs and the
spark plug caps.
Lubricate all control cables and the
pivoting points of all levers and
pedals as well as of the sidestand/centerstand.
Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, and then lift
the motorcycle so that both of its
wheels are off the ground. Alternatively, turn the wheels a little every
month in order to prevent the tires
from becoming degraded in one
spot.
Cover the muffler outlet with a
plastic bag to prevent moisture
from entering it.
Remove the battery and fully
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
place and charge it once a month.
Do not store the battery in an excessively cold or warm place [less
than 0 °C (30°F) or more than 30
°C (90°F)]. For more information
on storing the battery, see page
6-25.
7-4
TIP
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.
U2DXE0E0.book Page 1 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions:
Overall length:
2290 mm (90.2 in)
Overall width:
830 mm (32.7 in)
Overall height:
1120 mm (44.1 in)
Seat height:
690 mm (27.2 in)
Wheelbase:
1570 mm (61.8 in)
Ground clearance:
130 mm (5.12 in)
Minimum turning radius:
3290 mm (129.5 in)
Engine oil:
Recommended brand:
YAMALUBE
Type:
SAE 10W-30, 10W-40, 10W-50, 15W-40,
20W-40 or 20W-50
0
10 30 50 70 90 110 130 ˚F
SAE 10W-30
SAE 10W-40
SAE 10W-50
SAE 15W-40
SAE 20W-40
SAE 20W-50
Weight:
Curb weight:
251 kg (553 lb)
Engine:
Engine type:
Air cooled 4-stroke, SOHC
Cylinder arrangement:
V-type 2-cylinder
Displacement:
942 cm³
Bore × stroke:
85.0 × 83.0 mm (3.35 × 3.27 in)
Compression ratio:
9.00 : 1
Starting system:
Electric starter
Lubrication system:
Wet sump
–20 –10 0
10 20 30 40 50 ˚C
Recommended engine oil grade:
API service SG type or higher, JASO
standard MA
Engine oil quantity:
Without oil filter cartridge replacement:
3.70 L (3.91 US qt, 3.26 Imp.qt)
With oil filter cartridge replacement:
4.00 L (4.23 US qt, 3.52 Imp.qt)
Air filter:
Air filter element:
Oil-coated paper element
Fuel:
Recommended fuel:
Regular unleaded gasoline (Gasohol (E10)
acceptable)
Fuel tank capacity:
12.2 L (3.22 US gal, 2.68 Imp.gal)
8-1
Fuel reserve amount:
2.8 L (0.74 US gal, 0.62 Imp.gal)
Fuel injection:
Throttle body:
ID mark:
1TP1 00
Spark plug(s):
Manufacturer/model:
NGK/CPR7EA-9
Spark plug gap:
0.8–0.9 mm (0.031–0.035 in)
Clutch:
Clutch type:
Wet, multiple-disc
Transmission:
Primary reduction ratio:
1.674 (72/43)
Final drive:
Belt
Secondary reduction ratio:
2.333 (70/30)
Transmission type:
Constant mesh 5-speed
Operation:
Left foot operation
Gear ratio:
1st:
3.067 (46/15)
2nd:
2.063 (33/16)
3rd:
1.579 (30/19)
4th:
1.259 (34/27)
8
U2DXE0E0.book Page 2 Tuesday, October 22, 2013 1:41 PM
SPECIFICATIONS
5th:
1.042 (25/24)
Chassis:
Frame type:
Double cradle
Caster angle:
29.00 °
Trail:
130 mm (5.1 in)
Front tire:
Type:
Tubeless
Size:
100/90-19M/C 57H
Manufacturer/model:
BRIDGESTONE/EXEDRA G721 F
Rear tire:
Type:
Tubeless
Size:
150/80B16M/C 71H
Manufacturer/model:
BRIDGESTONE/EXEDRA G722 F
8
Loading:
Maximum load:
202 kg (445 lb)
(Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and
accessories)
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
Loading condition:
0–90 kg (0–198 lb)
Front:
225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm², 33 psi)
Rear:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
Loading condition:
90–202 kg (198–445 lb)
Front:
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
Rear:
280 kPa (2.80 kgf/cm², 41 psi)
Front wheel:
Front suspension:
Type:
Telescopic fork
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/oil damper
Wheel travel:
120.0 mm (4.72 in)
Rear suspension:
Type:
Swingarm
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/oil damper
Wheel travel:
70.0 mm (2.76 in)
Wheel type:
Cast wheel
Rim size:
19M/C x MT2.50
Rear wheel:
Electrical system:
Wheel type:
Cast wheel
Rim size:
16M/C x MT3.50
Ignition system:
TCI
Charging system:
AC magneto
Front brake:
Type:
Single disc brake
Operation:
Right hand operation
Specified brake fluid:
DOT 4
Rear brake:
Type:
Single disc brake
Operation:
Right foot operation
Specified brake fluid:
DOT 4
8-2
Battery:
Model:
YTZ14S
Voltage, capacity:
12 V, 11.2 Ah
Headlight:
Bulb type:
Halogen bulb
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity:
Headlight:
12 V, 60.0 W/55.0 W × 1
Tail/brake light:
LED
Front turn signal light:
12 V, 21.0 W × 2
U2DXE0E0.book Page 3 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Rear turn signal light:
12 V, 21.0 W × 2
Auxiliary light:
12 V, 5.0 W × 1
License plate light:
12 V, 5.0 W × 1
Meter lighting:
EL (Electroluminescent)
Neutral indicator light:
LED
High beam indicator light:
LED
Oil level warning light:
LED
Turn signal indicator light:
LED
Fuel level warning light:
LED
Engine trouble warning light:
LED
ABS warning light:
LED
Immobilizer system indicator light:
LED
Parking lighting fuse:
15.0 A
Fuel injection system fuse:
10.0 A
ABS control unit fuse:
7.5 A
ABS motor fuse:
30.0 A
ABS solenoid fuse:
15.0 A
Backup fuse:
7.5 A
8
Fuses:
Main fuse:
40.0 A
Headlight fuse:
20.0 A
Signaling system fuse:
7.5 A
Ignition fuse:
15.0 A
8-3
U2DXE0E0.book Page 1 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU48612
Identification numbers
EAU26400
Vehicle identification number
Record the vehicle identification number and model label information in the
spaces provided below for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a
Yamaha dealer or for reference in case
the vehicle is stolen.
EAU26470
Model label
1
1
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
9
1. Vehicle identification number
1. Model label
The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the steering head pipe.
Record this number in the space provided.
The model label is affixed to the frame
under the rider seat. (See page 3-16.)
Record the information on this label in
the space provided. This information
will be needed when ordering spare
parts from a Yamaha dealer.
TIP
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your motorcycle and
may be used to register your motorcycle with the licensing authority in your
area.
9-1
U2DXE0E0.book Page 1 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INDEX
A
Fuel .......................................................3-13
Fuel consumption, tips for reducing ........5-3
Fuel level warning light............................3-4
Fuel tank breather/overflow hose..........3-14
Fuel tank cap.........................................3-12
Fuses, replacing....................................6-26
ABS ...................................................... 3-11
ABS warning light ................................... 3-4
Air filter element, replacing ................... 6-13
Auxiliary light bulb, replacing ................ 6-30
B
Battery .................................................. 6-25
Brake and clutch levers, checking and
lubricating ........................................... 6-22
Brake and shift pedals, checking and
lubricating ........................................... 6-22
Brake fluid, changing ............................ 6-20
Brake fluid level, checking .................... 6-19
Brake lever ........................................... 3-10
Brake lever free play, checking ............ 6-17
Brake light switches.............................. 6-18
Brake pedal .......................................... 3-11
D
Dimmer switch ........................................ 3-8
Drive belt slack ..................................... 6-20
E
Engine break-in ...................................... 5-3
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge ........... 6-10
Engine stop switch.................................. 3-9
Engine trouble warning light ................... 3-4
F
RESET switch......................................... 3-9
Rider seat ............................................. 3-16
S
Safety information................................... 1-1
SELECT switch....................................... 3-9
Shifting.................................................... 5-2
Shift pedal............................................. 3-10
Shock absorber assemblies,
adjusting ............................................. 3-17
Sidestand.............................................. 3-18
Sidestand, checking and lubricating ..... 6-23
Spark plugs, checking............................. 6-8
Specifications.......................................... 8-1
Starting the engine.................................. 5-1
Start switch ............................................. 3-9
Steering, checking ................................ 6-24
Steering lock ......................................... 3-15
Storage ................................................... 7-3
Supporting the motorcycle .................... 6-31
Swingarm pivots, lubricating ................. 6-23
Handlebar switches .................................3-8
Hazard switch..........................................3-9
Headlight bulb, replacing.......................6-28
High beam indicator light.........................3-3
Horn switch .............................................3-9
I
Identification numbers .............................9-1
Ignition circuit cut-off system .................3-18
Immobilizer system .................................3-1
Immobilizer system indicator light ...........3-5
Indicator lights and warning lights ...........3-3
L
License plate light .................................6-30
M
Main switch .............................................3-2
Maintenance and lubrication, periodic.....6-4
Maintenance, emission control system ...6-3
Matte color, caution.................................7-1
Model label..............................................9-1
Multi-function meter unit..........................3-5
N
Neutral indicator light ..............................3-3
O
Oil level warning light ..............................3-3
P
Front and rear brake pads, checking.... 6-18
Front fork, checking .............................. 6-24
R
H
C
Cables, checking and lubricating.......... 6-21
Care........................................................ 7-1
Catalytic converter................................ 3-14
Clutch lever........................................... 3-10
Clutch lever free play, adjusting ........... 6-16
Part locations .......................................... 2-1
Pass switch............................................. 3-8
Panel, removing and installing ................6-8
Parking ....................................................5-4
T
Tail/brake light ...................................... 6-29
Throttle grip and cable, checking and
lubricating ........................................... 6-21
Throttle grip free play, checking............ 6-13
Tires...................................................... 6-14
Tool kit .................................................... 6-2
Troubleshooting .................................... 6-32
Troubleshooting chart ........................... 6-33
Turn signal indicator light ........................ 3-3
Turn signal light bulb, replacing ............ 6-29
U2DXE0E0.book Page 2 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
INDEX
Turn signal switch ................................... 3-8
V
Valve clearance .................................... 6-14
Vehicle identification number .................. 9-1
W
Wheel bearings, checking..................... 6-25
Wheels .................................................. 6-16
U2DXE0E0.book Page 3 Monday, June 24, 2013 9:30 AM
Original instructions
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
2013.07-0.3×2 CR
(E)
DIC183
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