Contents - Honda Owners

Contents - Honda Owners
08/12/19 10:09:57 31MFR600 0007 Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Motorcycle Safety ............................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.
Instruments & Controls ..................... 9
The location and function of indicators,
gauges, and controls on your
motorcycle and operating instructions
for various controls and features.
Contents
Before Riding ...................................... 29
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your motorcycle are ready
to ride, and important information about
loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 39
How to start and stop the engine, shift
gears, and brake. Also, riding
precautions and important information
about riding with a passenger or cargo.
08/12/19 10:10:08 31MFR600 0008 Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 55
Why your motorcycle needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance and
adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 147
How to store and transport your
motorcycle and how to be an
environmentally responsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 155
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 185
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 209
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 218
Table of Contents ............................... 220
Sequential listing of topics in this
owner’s manual.
Index..................................................... 224
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
08/12/19 10:09:27 31MFR600 0002 2010
Honda VT1300CX
Fury
OWNER’S MANUAL
08/12/19 10:09:33 31MFR600 0003 Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
motorcycle.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your motorcycle and how it works.
To protect your investment, we urge you
to take responsibility for keeping your
motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
Introduction
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section,
and both an in-depth table of contents and
an index at the back of the book.
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
08/12/19 10:09:39 31MFR600 0004 Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 213 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important product information.
Introduction
08/12/19 10:09:43 31MFR600 0005 A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely
is an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the motorcycle.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
08/12/19 10:09:49 31MFR600 0006 A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Motorcycle Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
08/12/19 10:10:15 31MFR600 0010 Motorcycle Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
motorcycle safely. Please take a few
moments to read these pages. This section
also includes information about the
location of safety labels on your
motorcycle.
Important Safety Information ................. 2
Accessories & Modifications .................. 5
Safety Labels ........................................... 7
Motorcycle Safety
1
08/12/19 10:10:20 31MFR600 0011 Important Safety Information
Your motorcycle can provide many years
of service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider to be most important.
2
Motorcycle Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 30 ).
08/12/19 10:10:25 31MFR600 0012 Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle Riding Tips, which came
with your new motorcycle (USA only).
Because many crashes involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a motorcycle operator
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 32 .
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see motorcycles
because they are not looking for them. To
make yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Ride Defensively
The most frequent motorcycle collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
motorcycle. Another common situation is
a car moving suddenly into your lane.
Motorcycle Safety
3
08/12/19 10:10:29 31MFR600 0013 Important Safety Information
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
motorcycle crashes. Never ride beyond
your personal abilities or faster than
conditions warrant. Remember that
alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can
significantly reduce your ability to make
good judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
4
Motorcycle Safety
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your motorcycle
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your motorcycle before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 37 ), and
do not modify your motorcycle (page 6 )
or install accessories that would make
your motorcycle unsafe (page 5 ).
08/12/19 10:10:36 31MFR600 0014 Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using nonHonda accessories can make your
motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider
making any modifications or adding an
accessory, be sure to read the following
information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
Honda Genuine Accessories that have
been specifically designed and tested for
your motorcycle. Because Honda cannot
test all other accessories, you must be
personally responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
(cont’d)
Motorcycle Safety
5
08/12/19 10:10:42 31MFR600 0015 Accessories & Modifications
Do not install any fairing or windscreen
unless it was designed and tested by
Honda for your motorcycle. Some
fairings or windscreens, even smaller
ones, can cause unstable handling of
your motorcycle. This is especially true
if the fairing or windscreen is poorly
designed or improperly mounted.
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the motorcycle’s
electrical system capacity (page 194 ).
A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights
or engine power (page 178 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
motorcycle. This motorcycle was not
designed for these attachments, and
their use can seriously impair your
motorcycle’s handling.
6
Motorcycle Safety
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your
motorcycle in any way that would change
its design or operation. Such changes
could seriously impair your motorcycle’s
handling, stability, and braking, making it
unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
motorcycle illegal.
08/12/19 10:10:51 31MFR600 0016 Safety Labels
Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause
serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and
don’t remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Motorcycle Safety
7
08/12/19 10:10:58 31MFR600 0017 Safety Labels
8
Motorcycle Safety
08/12/19 10:11:09 31MFR600 0018 Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
motorcycle.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Operation Component Locations ............10
Gauges, Indicators & Displays................13
Odometer/Tripmeter A & B/Digital
Clock Display ......................................19
Odometer .............................................20
Tripmeter A & B .................................20
Digital Clock .......................................22
Controls & Features.................................25
Ignition Switch ....................................25
Start Button..........................................26
Engine Stop Switch .............................26
Headlight Dimmer Switch ..................27
Turn Signal Switch ..............................27
Horn Button .........................................28
Instruments & Controls
9
08/12/19 10:11:13 31MFR600 0019 Operation Component Locations
engine stop
switch
front brake
lever
clutch
lever
headlight
dimmer switch
throttle grip
turn signal switch
start button
horn button
10
Instruments & Controls
08/12/19 10:11:17 31MFR600 0020 Operation Component Locations
steering lock
rear brake pedal
Instruments & Controls
11
08/12/19 10:11:21 31MFR600 0021 Operation Component Locations
helmet holder
ignition switch
shift lever
12
Instruments & Controls
08/12/19 10:11:28 31MFR600 0022 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
The gauges and indicators on your
motorcycle keep you informed, alert you
to possible problems, and make your
riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to
the gauges and indicators frequently. Their
functions are described on the following
pages.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(11)
(1) speedometer
(2) odometer/tripmeter A & B /digital
clock display
(3) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock
select and reset button
(4) right turn signal indicator
(5) PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL)
(6) low oil pressure indicator
(7) neutral indicator
(8) high coolant temperature indicator
(9) high beam indicator
(10) fuel reserve indicator
(11) left turn signal indicator
USA: Odometer & tripmeter read in miles.
Canada: Odometer & tripmeter read in
kilometers.
(10) (9) (8) (7)
(6) (5) (4)
Instruments & Controls
13
08/12/19 10:11:33 31MFR600 0023 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Lamp Check
The low oil pressure indicator and PGMFI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
come on when you turn the ignition switch
ON so you can check that they are
working.
The low oil pressure indicator remains on
until after the engine is started. The PGMFI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
lights for a few seconds and then goes off
when you turn the ignition switch ON.
These indicators are identified in the table
on pages 16 − 18 with the words: Lamp
Check.
14
Instruments & Controls
When applicable, the high beam and
neutral indicators come on when you turn
the ignition switch ON and remain on until
you select the low beam or shift out of
neutral.
If one of these indicators does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for problems.
08/12/19 10:11:38 31MFR600 0024 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Meter Check
The speedometer needle will swing to the
maximum scale on the dial once when you
turn the ignition switch ON.
The meter is identified in the table on page
16 with the words: Meter Check.
If the speedometer needle does not swing
to the maximum scale on the dial once
when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for problems.
Instruments & Controls
15
08/12/19 10:11:48 31MFR600 0025 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
1
speedometer
2
odometer/tripmeter A & B/
digital clock display
odometer
tripmeter
A&B
3
16
digital clock
odometer/tripmeter/
digital clock select and
reset button
Instruments & Controls
Shows riding speed in miles (USA) or kilometers
(Canada) per hour. Meter Check.
Shows the total miles (USA) or kilometers (Canada)
ridden (page 20 ).
Shows the number of miles (USA) or kilometers
(Canada) ridden since you last reset the meter. The
tripmeter has two sub modes, ‘‘A’’ and ‘‘B’’. To
zero (0) the tripmeter, push and hold the select and
reset button (page 20 ).
Shows hour and minute (page 22 ).
Resets the tripmeter to zero (0) (page 21 ).
Selects the odometer, tripmeter A, tripmeter B and
digital clock (page 20 ).
Also used to set the digital clock (pages 22 − 24 ).
08/12/19 10:11:56 31MFR600 0026 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
4
5
right turn signal
indicator (green)
PGM-FI malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL)
(amber)
6
low oil pressure
indicator (red)
7
neutral indicator (green)
Flashes when the right turn signal operates.
Lights when there is any abnormality in the PGM-FI
(Programmed Fuel Injection) system. Should also
light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON and the engine stop
switch is at RUN. If the indicator comes on at any
other time, reduce speed and take your motorcycle to
a Honda dealer as soon as possible. Lamp Check.
Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to
cause engine damage. If the low oil pressure
indicator lights during operation, pull safely to the
side of the road. See page 177 for instructions and
cautions. Lamp Check.
Lights when the transmission is in neutral.
Instruments & Controls
17
08/12/19 10:12:03 31MFR600 0027 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
8
high coolant temperature
indicator (red)
9
high beam indicator
(blue)
fuel reserve indicator
(amber)
10
11
18
left turn signal indicator
(green)
Instruments & Controls
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to
the side of the road. See page 175 for instructions
and cautions.
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
When this indicator comes on while riding, fuel
reserved in the tank is about:
0.66 US gal (2.5 )
Flashes when the left turn signal operates.
08/12/19 10:12:10 31MFR600 0028 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Odometer/Tripmeter A & B/
Digital Clock Display
(1)
The odometer/tripmeter A & B/digital
clock display ( 1 ) has three functions:
odometer
tripmeter
digital clock
The clock will display 0:00 if the battery
is disconnected.
(1) odometer/tripmeter A & B/
digital clock display
(cont’d)
Instruments & Controls
19
08/12/19 10:12:19 31MFR600 0029 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Push the button ( 2 ) to select the odometer
( 3 ), tripmeter A ( 4 ), tripmeter B ( 5 ) and
digital clock ( 6 ).
(3)
(4)
(5)
(2)
(6)
(2) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock
select and reset button
(3) odometer
(4) tripmeter A
(5) tripmeter B
(6) digital clock
20
Instruments & Controls
Odometer
The odometer shows the total miles or
kilometers ridden.
Tripmeter A & B
The tripmeter shows number of miles or
kilometers ridden since you last reset the
tripmeter.
The tripmeter has two sub modes, A and B.
08/12/19 10:12:24 31MFR600 0030 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the
button ( 1 ) for more than 2 seconds when
the display in the tripmeter A or tripmeter
B mode.
(1)
(1) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock
select and reset button
Instruments & Controls
21
08/12/19 10:12:31 31MFR600 0031 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Digital Clock
Shows hour and minute. To adjust the time,
proceed as follows:
1. Turn the ignition switch ON.
2. Show the digital clock ( 1 ).
3. Push and hold the button ( 2 ) for more
than 2 seconds. The clock will be set in
the adjust mode with the hour display
flashing.
(2)
(1)
(1) digital clock
(2) odometer/tripmeter/digital clock
select and reset button
22
Instruments & Controls
08/12/19 10:12:39 31MFR600 0032 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
4. To set the hour, push the button until
the desired hour is displayed.
The time is advanced by one hour,
each time the button is pushed.
5. Push and hold the button for more than
2 seconds. The minute display will start
flashing.
(cont’d)
Instruments & Controls
23
08/12/19 10:12:45 31MFR600 0033 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
6. To set the minute, push the button until
the desired minute is displayed. The
minute display will return to ‘‘00’’
when ‘‘60’’ is reached without
affecting the hour display.
The time advances by one minute,
each time the button is pushed.
24
Instruments & Controls
7. To end the adjustment, push and hold
the button for more than 2 seconds or
turn the ignition switch OFF. The
display will stop flashing automatically
and the adjustment will be cancelled if
the button is not pressed for about 30
seconds.
08/12/19 10:12:54 31MFR600 0034 Controls & Features
LEFT SIDE
ON
Ignition Switch
The ignition switch ( 1 ) is used for starting
and stopping the engine (page 41 ). Insert
the key and turn it to the right for the ON
position.
Key Position
ON
OFF
Function
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
(1)
OFF
(1) ignition switch
If a key ring is used, we recommend a
fabric or leather type with just the key
attached. Using a metal key ring or
attaching additional keys to any type of
key ring may damage the finish of the
ignition switch cover while inserting the
key or riding.
Instruments & Controls
25
08/12/19 10:13:01 31MFR600 0035 Controls & Features
Start Button
Engine Stop Switch
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 42 .
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine; the headlight
will automatically go out, but the taillight
will stay on.
The starter motor will not operate if the
engine stop switch is in the OFF position
when the start button is pushed.
26
Instruments & Controls
(2)
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
OFF
RUN
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF position. The
switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
08/12/19 10:13:08 31MFR600 0036 Controls & Features
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
ignition switch ON and the engine stop
switch OFF, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
Headlight Dimmer Switch
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
Turn Signal Switch
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking. To
cancel the light, push the switch in.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
HI
LO
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
Instruments & Controls
27
08/12/19 10:13:12 31MFR600 0037 Controls & Features
Horn Button
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
28
Instruments & Controls
08/12/19 10:13:20 31MFR600 0038 Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your motorcycle, and adjustments to make
for your comfort, convenience, or safety.
This section also includes important
information about loading.
Are You Ready to Ride? .........................30
Protective Apparel ...............................30
Rider Training .....................................32
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .......33
Pre-ride Inspection ..............................33
Load Limits & Guidelines.......................36
Loading ................................................36
Load Limits .........................................37
Loading Guidelines .............................37
For information about adjusting the
suspension on your Honda, see page 115 .
Before Riding
29
08/12/19 10:13:30 31MFR600 0039 Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your motorcycle for the
first time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
If you must carry an extra helmet while
riding, use a commercially available
elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the
helmet to the seat.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
Make sure your passenger is ready to ride,
too, and is wearing proper gear including a
helmet.
30
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
08/12/19 10:13:38 31MFR600 0040 Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmet and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker on any helmet you buy (USA only).
Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye
protection, and other protective
apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
31
08/12/19 10:13:43 31MFR600 0041 Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your
motorcycle.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other motorcycles, take time to become
familiar with how this motorcycle works
and handles. Practice riding the
motorcycle in a safe area to build your
skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get
accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls,
and feel comfortable with its size and
weight.
32
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a motorcycle
operator course approved by the
Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF).
New riders should start with the basic
course, and even experienced riders will
find the advanced course beneficial. For
information about the MSF training course
nearest you, call the national toll-free
number: (800) 446-9227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
motorcycle (USA only).
08/12/19 10:13:50 31MFR600 0042 Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your motorcycle and make sure any
problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the motorcycle:
Tires & Look at the tires. If a tire
Wheels appears low, use an air pressure
gauge to check its pressure. Also
look for signs of excessive wear
(page 126 ) or damage to the
tires and wheels.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
33
09/01/08 10:27:20 31MFR600 0043 Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Walk around your
motorcycle and look for
anything that appears
unusual, such as a leak or
loose cable.
Lights
Make sure the headlight,
brakelight, taillight, and
turn signals are working
properly.
Crankcase
Breather
34
Service the crankcase
breather more frequently if
your motorcycle is ridden
in the rain or often at full
throttle. Service the
breather if you can see
deposits in the transparent
section of the drain tube.
Before Riding
If you are carrying a passenger or cargo,
also check the following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not
exceed the load limits
(page 37 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is
secure.
Adjustments
Adjust the rear suspension
(page 115 ) according to
your load.
08/12/19 10:14:07 31MFR600 0044 Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
motorcycle:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check
it moves smoothly without
binding.
Brakes
Pull the brake lever and
press on the brake pedal to
check that they operate
normally.
Indicators
If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in
over a week, you should also check other
items, such as the oil level and other fluids.
See Periodic Maintenance (page 62 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal operation
of the indicators (page 13 ).
Before Riding
35
08/12/19 10:14:13 31MFR600 0045 Load Limits & Guidelines
Your motorcycle has been designed to
carry you and one passenger. When you
carry a passenger, you may feel some
difference during acceleration and braking.
But so long as you keep your motorcycle
well-maintained, with good tires and
brakes, you can safely carry loads within
the given limits and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your motorcycle’s handling,
braking, and stability. Non-Honda
accessories, improper modifications, and
poor maintenance can also reduce your
safety margin.
36
Before Riding
Loading
How much weight you put on your
motorcycle, and how you load it, are
important to your safety. Anytime you
ride with a passenger or cargo, you should
be aware of the following information.
Overloading or improper loading
can cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
08/12/19 10:14:22 31MFR600 0046 Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
Loading Guidelines
Following are the load limits for your
motorcycle:
Your motorcycle is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You
may wish to secure a jacket or other small
items to the seat when you are not riding
with a passenger.
maximum weight capacity:
322 lbs (146 kg)
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.
maximum cargo weight:
7 lbs (3 kg)
The weight of added accessories will
reduce the maximum cargo weight you
can carry.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check
with your Honda dealer for advice, and be
sure to read the information regarding
accessories on page 5 .
Improperly loading your motorcycle can
affect its stability and handling. Even if
your motorcycle is properly loaded, you
should ride at reduced speeds and never
exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying
cargo.
Before Riding
37
08/12/19 10:14:29 31MFR600 0047 Load Limits & Guidelines
Follow these guidelines whenever you
carry a passenger or cargo:
Check that both tires are properly
inflated, and that pressure in the rear
tire is increased to suit the load
(page 124 ).
If you change your normal load, you
may need to adjust the rear suspension
(page 115 ).
To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied
down securely before you ride.
Place cargo weight as low and close to
the center of your motorcycle as
possible.
Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
38
Before Riding
Do not attach large or heavy items (such
as a sleeping bag or tent) to the
handlebar, forks, or fender.
08/12/19 10:14:40 31MFR600 0048 Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch,
and brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with a passenger or
cargo.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 197 ).
To protect the catalytic converters in your
motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid
extended idling and the use of leaded
gasoline.
Safe Riding Precautions ..........................40
Starting & Stopping the Engine ..............41
Preparation...........................................41
Starting Procedure ...............................42
Flooded Engine ...................................43
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off
System .................................................43
How to Stop the Engine ......................44
Shifting Gears ..........................................45
Braking ....................................................47
Parking .....................................................49
Theft-prevention Tips .........................52
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ...........53
Basic Operation & Riding
39
08/12/19 10:14:45 31MFR600 0049 Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your motorcycle for the first
time, please review the Motorcycle Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on
page 29 .
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when riding,
idling, or parking your motorcycle.
40
Basic Operation & Riding
08/12/19 10:14:54 31MFR600 0050 Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust
contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas
which can collect rapidly in an enclosed
area and cause illness or death.
Your motorcycle can be started with the
transmission in gear by pulling in the
clutch lever before operating the starter.
Your motorcycle is equipped with a side
stand ignition cut-off system. If the side
stand is down –– the engine cannot be
started unless the transmission is in neutral.
If the side stand is up –– the engine can be
started in neutral, or in gear with the
clutch lever pulled in. After starting with
the side stand down, the engine will stop if
the transmission is put in gear before
raising the side stand.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The transmission is in neutral (neutral
indicator is ON).
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
The PGM-FI malfunction indicator
lamp (MIL) is OFF.
The high coolant temperature indicator
is OFF.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
41
08/12/19 10:15:00 31MFR600 0051 Starting & Stopping the Engine
The low oil pressure indicator should go
off a few seconds after the engine starts.
If the low oil pressure indicator lights
during operation, stop the engine
immediately and check the engine oil level.
Starting Procedure
This motorcycle has a fuel-injected engine
with an automatic choke. Follow the
procedure indicated below.
Any Air Temperature
Press the start button with the throttle
completely closed.
The engine will not start if the throttle is
fully open (because the electronic control
module cuts off the fuel supply).
42
Basic Operation & Riding
08/12/19 10:15:10 31MFR600 0052 Starting & Stopping the Engine
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded with excess
fuel. To clear a flooded engine:
1. Leave the engine stop switch set to
RUN.
2. Open the throttle fully.
3. Press the start button for 5 seconds.
4. Follow the normal starting procedure.
5. If the engine starts, then open the
throttle slightly if idling is unstable.
If the engine does not start, wait 10
seconds, then follow steps 1 − 4 again.
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition
Cut-off System
Your motorcycle’s banking (lean angle)
sensor system is designed to automatically
stop the engine and fuel pump if the
motorcycle is overturned.
Before restarting the engine, you must
turn the ignition switch to the OFF
position and then back to ON. The engine
will not restart until you perform this
procedure.
If the engine still won’t start, refer to If
Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start,
page 157 .
Basic Operation & Riding
43
08/12/19 10:15:17 31MFR600 0053 Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, shift into neutral and
turn the ignition switch OFF.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
engine stop switch OFF and the ignition
switch ON, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
44
Basic Operation & Riding
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
08/12/19 10:15:25 31MFR600 0054 Shifting Gears
shifting pattern
Your motorcycle has five forward gears in
a one-down, four-up shift pattern which is
coordinated with a cable-operated clutch
system.
Learning when to shift gears comes with
experience. Keep the following tips in
mind:
As a general rule, shift while moving in
a straight line.
Close the throttle and pull the clutch
lever in completely before shifting.
Improper shifting may damage the
engine, transmission, and drive train.
Learn to recognize the engagement
point as you release the clutch lever. It
is at this point the transmission of
power to the rear wheel resumes.
Upshift to a higher gear or reduce
throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets
too high. Learn the relationship between
engine sound and the normal shifting
points.
Downshift to a lower gear before you
feel the engine laboring (lugging) at
low rpm.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
45
08/12/19 10:15:33 31MFR600 0055 Shifting Gears
Avoid downshifting to help slow your
motorcycle when engine rpm is high.
Downshifting when engine speed is
near its allowable maximum may overrev the engine and cause possible
damage.
To prevent transmission damage, do not
coast or tow the motorcycle for long
distances with the engine off.
Recommended Shift Points
Ride in the highest gear that lets the
engine run and accelerate smoothly. This
will give you good fuel economy and
effective emissions control. When
changing gears under normal conditions,
use these recommended shift points:
46
Basic Operation & Riding
Shif ting Up:
From 1st to 2nd:
From 2nd to 3rd:
From 3rd to 4th:
From 4th to 5th:
12 mph (20 km/h)
19 mph (30 km/h)
25 mph (40 km/h)
31 mph (50 km/h)
Shif ting Down:
From 5th to 4th:
From 4th to 3rd:
22 mph (35 km/h)
16 mph (25 km/h)
Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops
below 9 mph (15 km/h), when engine
roughness is evident, or when engine
stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st
gear for acceleration.
08/12/19 10:15:39 31MFR600 0056 Braking
Your motorcycle is equipped with disc
braking systems which are hydraulically
activated. Operating the brake lever
applies the front disc brake. Depressing
the brake pedal applies the rear disc brake.
As a general rule, the front braking system
provides about 70 percent of total stopping
power.
For full braking effectiveness, use both
the pedal and lever simultaneously. Using
both braking systems will stop your
motorcycle faster with greater stability.
To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and
brake pedal smoothly, while downshifting
to match your speed.
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed. The increase
in engine compression from downshifting
will help slow your motorcycle.
To prevent stalling the engine, pull the
clutch lever in before coming to a
complete stop. For support, put your left
foot down first, then your right foot when
you have finished braking.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your motorcycle. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
Basic Operation & Riding
47
08/12/19 10:15:45 31MFR600 0057 Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your motorcycle.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 32 ) to retain these skills.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control.
48
Basic Operation & Riding
For your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade,
use engine compression braking by
downshifting, with intermittent use of
both brakes. Continuous brake
application can overheat the brakes and
reduce their effectiveness.
Riding with your foot resting on the
brake pedal or your hand on the brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving
a false indication to other drivers. It
may also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
08/12/19 10:15:53 31MFR600 0058 Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm,
especially under the side stand.
If you must park on a hill, leave the
transmission in gear and position the
rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree
angle.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when
parking your motorcycle. Refer to
Catalytic Converters, page 205 .
2. Use the side stand to support the
motorcycle while parked.
To lower the side stand, use your foot
to guide it down. Remember that
lowering the side stand with the
transmission in gear will stop the
engine, even if the clutch lever is
pulled in. That is a function of the
side stand ignition cut-off system.
Check that the side stand is down all
the way so that the side stand ignition
cut-off system (page 41 ) is activated.
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the side
stand for support.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
49
08/12/19 10:15:58 31MFR600 0059 Parking
3. Use the steering lock ( 1 ), which locks
the handlebar in place. Turn the
handlebar all the way to the left. Insert
the steering lock key ( 2 ) in the lock,
turn the key counterclockwise. Push and
turn the key clockwise. Remove the key.
RIGHT FRONT
(1)
To unlock the steering lock, insert the
steering lock key in the lock and turn it
counterclockwise. Remove the key.
(2)
(1) steering lock
50
Basic Operation & Riding
(2) steering lock key
08/12/19 10:16:05 31MFR600 0060 Parking
4. Use the helmet holder ( 3 ) to secure
your helmet with your motorcycle:
Insert the ignition key ( 4 ) and turn it
counterclockwise to unlock the
holder.
Hang your helmet on the holder
pin ( 5 ).
Push in on the holder pin. Remove
the key.
LEFT REAR
(4)
Riding with a helmet attached to
the holder can interfere with the
rear wheel or suspension and
could cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Use the helmet holder only while
parked. Do not ride with a helmet
secured by the holder.
(5)
(3)
(3) helmet holder
(4) ignition key
(5) holder pin
Basic Operation & Riding
51
08/12/19 10:16:11 31MFR600 0061 Parking
Theft-prevention Tips
Park your motorcycle in a locked
garage whenever possible. If a garage
isn’t available, park in a concealed area
or in a well-lit area with enough
pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 50 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a motorcycle to a
secure object.
52
Basic Operation & Riding
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your motorcycle. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.
08/12/19 10:16:17 31MFR600 0062 Riding with a Passenger or Cargo
Your motorcycle is designed to carry you
and one passenger. Whenever you add a
passenger or cargo, you must be careful
not to exceed the total load limits for this
vehicle (Load Limits, page 37 ). Make
sure your cargo is properly secured
(Loading Guidelines, page 37 ).
Also consider adjusting the suspension
(page 115 ) for the extra load.
Before riding with a passenger, make sure
your passenger is wearing the proper
protective apparel (page 30 ).
Tell your passenger to hold the seat strap
or your waist, lean with you in the turns,
and keep their feet on the passenger
footpegs at all times, even when the
motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.
Be aware that carrying a passenger or
heavy cargo can affect acceleration,
braking, and handling.
Basic Operation & Riding
53
08/12/19 10:16:20 31MFR600 0063 54
Basic Operation & Riding
08/12/19 10:16:29 31MFR600 0064 Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your motorcycle in good
shape, this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada (EC), see page 198 .
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 178 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance .............58
Maintenance Safety .................................59
Important Safety Precautions ..............60
Periodic Maintenance ..............................62
Maintenance Schedule ............................64
Maintenance Record................................69
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
55
08/12/19 10:16:47 31MFR600 0065 Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations .......71
Side Cover Removal................................74
Tool Kit....................................................76
Owner’s Manual Storage.........................77
Seat Removal ...........................................78
Clip Removal ...........................................80
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ..........................................................81
Engine Oil & Filter ..................................84
Coolant.....................................................93
Air Cleaner ..............................................98
Crankcase Breather ............................. 100
Final Drive Oil..................................... 101
56
Servicing Your Honda
Engine
Throttle ................................................ 104
Clutch System...................................... 106
Spark Plugs .......................................... 110
Chassis
Suspension ...........................................
Brakes ..................................................
Tires .....................................................
Side Stand ............................................
115
120
124
134
Electrical
Battery ................................................. 135
Appearance Care ................................. 140
08/12/19 10:16:59 31MFR600 0066 Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
33
Periodic Maintenance
62
Maintenance Schedule
64
*
**
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your motorcycle
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
Servicing Your Honda
57
08/12/19 10:17:04 31MFR600 0067 The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained motorcycle will also
help to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your motorcycle before each ride, perform
the periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your motorcycle overturns or is
involved in a crash, be sure your Honda
dealer inspects all major parts, even if you
are able to make some of the repairs
yourself.
58
Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:17:09 31MFR600 0068 Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the tools provided with your motorcycle.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
59
08/12/19 10:17:15 31MFR600 0069 Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot motorcycle parts. Let
the engine and exhaust system cool
before touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
60
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the motorcycle from
falling over, park it on a firm, level
surface, using the side stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
08/12/19 10:17:18 31MFR600 0070 Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your motorcycle best and is fully equipped
to maintain and repair it. To ensure the
best quality and reliability, use only new
Honda Genuine Parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual
(page 210 ).
Servicing Your Honda
61
08/12/19 10:17:23 31MFR600 0071 Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 64 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 33 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your motorcycle, or as often as
once a week if you ride frequently or for
long distances. It’s a good idea to perform
this maintenance any time you clean your
motorcycle.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 64 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
62
Servicing Your Honda
09/01/08 10:27:32 31MFR600 0072 Periodic Maintenance
Tires &
Wheels
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Crankcase
Breather
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 124 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 126 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 126 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the
entire surface.
Check the condition of the wheels.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 88 ), coolant (page 95 ),
brake fluid (page 121 ), and final drive oil (page 101). Add the
correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid
level.
Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 106 ) and throttle grip
(page 104 ).
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Service the crankcase breather more frequently if your motorcycle is
ridden in the rain or often at full throttle. Service the breather if you can
see deposits in the transparent section of the drain tube.
Servicing Your Honda
63
08/12/19 10:17:38 31MFR600 0073 Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your motorcycle serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
64
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 210 ).
08/12/19 10:17:44 31MFR600 0074 Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only Honda
Genuine Parts or their equivalents for
repair or replacement to ensure the best
quality and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 33 )
and owner maintenance (page 64 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 210 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
65
08/12/19 10:17:51 31MFR600 0075 Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently if the
motorcycle is ridden in unusually wet or
dusty areas.
3. Service more frequently if the
motorcycle is ridden often at full
throttle or in the rain.
4. California type only.
5. Replace every 2 years, or at indicated
odometer interval, whichever comes
first. Replacement requires mechanical
skill.
66
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
08/12/19 10:18:02 31MFR600 0076 Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
EMISSIONS-RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
NOTE
FUEL LINE
THROTTLE OPERATION
AIR CLEANER
CRANKCASE BREATHER
SPARK PLUGS
VALVE CLEARANCE
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL FILTER
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
RADIATOR COOLANT
COOLING SYSTEM
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
SYSTEM
EVAPORATIVE EMISSION
CONTROL SYSTEM
2
3
5
4
× 1,000 mi
× 100 km
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
24
20
16
12
8
4
128 192 256 320 384
64
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
R
I
R
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
INITIAL=600 mi (1,000 km) or 1 month: R
REGULAR=EVERY 8,000 mi (12,800 km)
or 12 months: R
R
R
R
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
0.6
10
I
Refer to
page
−
−
98
100
110
−
84
I
89
−
93
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 210 ).
Servicing Your Honda
67
08/12/19 10:18:12 31MFR600 0077 Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
NON-EMISSION-RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
**
*
*
*
*
**
**
NOTE
FINAL DRIVE OIL
BRAKE FLUID
BRAKE PAD WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKELIGHT SWITCH
HEADLIGHT AIM
CLUTCH SYSTEM
SIDE STAND
SUSPENSION
NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
WHEELS/TIRES
STEERING HEAD
BEARINGS
× 1,000 mi
× 100 km
0.6
10
5
I
I
I
I
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
20
16
12
8
4
128 192 256 320
64
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
24
384
R
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 210 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
68
Servicing Your Honda
Refer to
page
101
120
123
120
−
−
106
134
−
−
−
−
08/12/19 10:18:19 31MFR600 0078 Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the
motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.
Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled
maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal
owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to
record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600 (1,000)
4,000 (6,400)
8,000 (12,800)
12,000 (19,200)
16,000 (25,600)
20,000 (32,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
69
08/12/19 10:18:25 31MFR600 0079 Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
24,000 (38,400)
28,000 (44,800)
32,000 (51,200)
36,000 (57,600)
40,000 (64,000)
44,000 (70,400)
48,000 (76,800)
52,000 (83,200)
56,000 (89,600)
60,000 (96,000)
64,000 (102,400)
68,000 (108,800)
70
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
08/12/19 10:18:29 31MFR600 0080 Maintenance Component Locations
front brake fluid reservoir
throttle grip
clutch lever
front brake lever
fuel filler cap
Servicing Your Honda
71
08/12/19 10:18:34 31MFR600 0081 Maintenance Component Locations
spark plugs
rear suspension spring
pre-load adjuster
owner’s manual
fuse box
air cleaner
rear brake
caliper
rear suspension
rebound damping
adjuster
engine oil filter
engine oil drain bolts
72
Servicing Your Honda
rear brake pedal
rear brake fluid reservoir
crankcase breather tube
08/12/19 10:18:39 31MFR600 0082 Maintenance Component Locations
tool kit
battery
main fuse
front brake
caliper
coolant
reserve tank
spark plugs
final drive gear oil drain bolt
engine oil filler cap/dipstick
final drive gear oil filler cap
Servicing Your Honda
73
08/12/19 10:18:49 31MFR600 0083 Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
The left side cover ( 1 ) must be removed
to service the main fuse and the battery.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
Left Side Cover Installation
1. Align the left side cover tab ( 4 ) with
the right side cover tabs ( 5 ).
2. Position the left side cover so the
prongs are aligned with the frame
grommets.
3. Push the prongs in.
(5)
(4)
(3)
(2)
(1) left side cover
(4) left side cover
(2) prongs
tab
(3) frame grommets (5) right side
cover tabs
74
Left Side Cover Removal
1. Carefully pull the left side cover out
until the prongs ( 2 ) are clear of the
frame grommets ( 3 ).
2. Remove the left side cover.
Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:18:59 31MFR600 0084 Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
The right side cover ( 1 ) must be removed
to service the circuit fuses, suspension
adjustment or to access the owner’s
manual.
RIGHT SIDE
Right Side Cover Removal
1. Carefully pull the right side cover out
until the prongs ( 2 ) are clear of the
frame grommets ( 3 ).
2. Remove the right side cover.
Right Side Cover Installation
1. Align the right side cover tabs ( 4 ) with
the left side cover tab ( 5 ).
2. Position the right side cover so the
prongs are aligned with the frame
grommets.
3. Push the prongs in.
(3)
(5)
(2)
(4)
(1)
(1) right side cover (4) right side cover
(2) prongs
tabs
(3) frame grommets (5) left side cover
tab
Servicing Your Honda
75
08/12/19 10:19:09 31MFR600 0085 Tool Kit
The tool kit ( 1 ) is stored on the face of the
ignition switch case ( 2 ) behind the
ignition switch cover ( 3 ).
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(2)
Ignition Switch Cover Removal
1. Remove the clips ( 4 ) (page 80 ).
2. Remove the ignition switch cover.
Ignition Switch Cover Installation
1. Install the ignition switch cover.
2. Install the clips.
(3)
An optional, larger tool kit may be
available. Check with your Honda dealer’s
parts department.
(4)
(1) tool kit
(3) ignition switch
(2) ignition switch
cover
case
(4) clips
76
Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:19:15 31MFR600 0086 Owner’s Manual Storage
Your motorcycle provides storage for the
owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you
for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual in the plastic storage bag ( 1 )
attached to the inside of the right side
cover (page 75 ).
Store your other documents in the plastic
storage bag attached to the rear fender
under the seat (page 78 ).
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
UNDER SEAT
(1)
(1) plastic storage bag
Servicing Your Honda
77
08/12/19 10:19:21 31MFR600 0087 Seat Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
The seat must be removed to access the
other documents and to check the color
label.
(1)
(3)
(2)
(4)
(6)
(7)
(5)
(8)
(1) seat mounting bolt A
(2) collar
(3) seat mounting bolts B
(4) seat strap
(5) rear seat
(6) seat mounting bolts C
(7) front seat
(8) tabs
78
Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:19:34 31MFR600 0088 Seat Removal
Removal
1. Remove the seat mounting bolt A ( 1 )
and collar ( 2 ).
2. Remove the seat mounting bolts B ( 3 )
and seat strap ( 4 ).
3. Remove the rear seat ( 5 ).
4. Remove the seat mounting bolts C ( 6 ).
5. Pull the front seat ( 7 ) back and up.
5. Install the seat mounting bolt A and
collar.
6. Tighten the seat mounting bolts
securely.
Be careful not to scratch the rear fender
during seat installation or removal.
Be careful not to get the seat caught
between the stay and bolts while
installing the seat.
Installation
1. Insert the tabs ( 8 ) into the recess under
the frame.
2. Install and tighten the seat mounting
bolts C.
3. Install the rear seat.
4. Install the seat mounting bolts B and
seat strap. Tighten the seat mounting
bolts B to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
Servicing Your Honda
79
08/12/19 10:19:42 31MFR600 0089 Clip Removal
Clip removal and installation:
Removal
Press down on the center pin to release
the lock.
Pull the clip out of the hole.
80
Servicing Your Honda
Installation
Slightly open the retaining pawls and
then push them out.
Insert the clip into the hole.
Lightly press down on the center pin to
lock the clip.
08/12/19 10:19:51 31MFR600 0090 Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
Use only unleaded fuel in your Honda.
Use of leaded fuel will damage the
catalytic converter(s). If you ride your
Honda in a country where leaded fuel
might be available, use precautions to use
only unleaded fuel.
Your engine is designed to use any
unleaded gasoline that has a pump octane
number of 86 or higher. Gasoline pumps
at service stations normally display the
pump octane number. For information on
the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 207 .
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
81
08/12/19 10:19:59 31MFR600 0091 Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Fuel Capacity
(3)
Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:
3.38 US gal (12.8 )
The tank should be refilled as soon as
possible when the fuel reserve indicator
comes on.
(2)
(1)
(1) ignition key
(2) fuel filler cap
(3) filler neck
1. Insert the ignition key ( 1 ) in the fuel
filler cap ( 2 ) and turn it clockwise.
82
Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:20:05 31MFR600 0092 Fuel
2. Open the fuel filler cap.
3. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck ( 3 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
4. After refueling, align the latch in the
cap with the slot in the filler neck. Push
the cap into the filler neck until it snaps
and locks.
5. Remove the ignition key from the cap.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
Servicing Your Honda
83
08/12/19 10:20:11 31MFR600 0093 Engine Oil & Filter
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
Using the proper oil (page 85 ) and filter,
and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and
deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage
your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage
to the engine and transmission.
84
Servicing Your Honda
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 67 .
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
08/12/19 10:20:18 31MFR600 0094 Engine Oil & Filter
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-30
suggested oil *
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA
& Canada), or Honda 4-stroke oil
(Canada only), or an equivalent
motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
MA
Servicing Your Honda
85
08/12/19 10:20:27 31MFR600 0095 Engine Oil & Filter
Your motorcycle does not need oil
additives. Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or
molybdenum additives. They may
adversely affect clutch operation.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication
and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
86
Servicing Your Honda
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
08/12/19 10:20:33 31MFR600 0096 Engine Oil & Filter
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle
engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled
on the oil container. For example, the
following label shows the MA
classification.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company
of the oil
(2) oil classification
Servicing Your Honda
87
08/12/19 10:20:42 31MFR600 0097 Engine Oil & Filter
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) oil filler cap/dipstick
(2) upper level mark
(3) lower level mark
88
Servicing Your Honda
1. Park your motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes. Make sure the low oil pressure
indicator goes off. If the indicator
remains on, stop the engine
immediately.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick ( 1 )
and wipe it clean.
5. Hold the motorcycle in an upright
position.
6. Insert the oil filler cap/dipstick until it
seats, but don’t screw it in.
08/12/19 10:20:50 31MFR600 0098 Engine Oil & Filter
7. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and
check the oil level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark ( 2 ) –– you do not have to add
oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark ( 3 ) –– add the
recommended oil until it reaches the
upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
8. Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.
9. Check for oil leaks.
Changing Engine Oil & Filter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new Honda Genuine oil filter or a filter of
equal quality specified for your model.
Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in
leaks or engine damage.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
89
08/12/19 10:20:59 31MFR600 0099 Engine Oil & Filter
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a
means for disposing of the drained fluid
(page 153 ). If you do not have the skills
or the tools, see your Honda dealer.
3. Place a drain pan under the crankcase.
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap/dipstick, drain bolts ( 1 ), ( 2 ) and
sealing washers ( 3 ).
RIGHT FRONT, UNDER ENGINE
(3)
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park the motorcycle on its side stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
(2)
(1)
(1) drain bolt (front)
(2) drain bolt (rear)
(3) sealing washers
90
Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:21:07 31MFR600 0100 Engine Oil & Filter
Install a New Oil Filter:
5. Remove the oil filter ( 4 ) with a filter
wrench and let the remaining oil drain
out. Discard the oil filter in an approved
manner (page 153 ).
6. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 153 ).
RIGHT REAR, UNDER ENGINE
(4)
(4) oil filter
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
7. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the
rubber seal ( 5 ) of a new oil filter.
(5)
(5) rubber seal
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
91
08/12/19 10:21:18 31MFR600 0101 Engine Oil & Filter
8. Install the new oil filter and tighten it by
hand.
9. Using an oil filter wrench attachment
and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil
filter to the specified torque:
19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
10. Check the condition of the sealing
washers on the drain bolts. Replace the
washers every other time the oil is
changed.
Install the drain bolts and tighten them
to the specified torque:
22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m)
Add Engine Oil:
11. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 85 ),
approximately:
3.9 US qt (3.7 )
92
Servicing Your Honda
12. Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.
13. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
14. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
15. Hold the motorcycle upright and check
that the oil level is at the upper level
mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick
(page 88 ).
16. Check that there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
08/12/19 10:21:25 31MFR600 0102 Coolant
Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system
dissipates engine heat through the coolant
jacket that surrounds the cylinder and
cylinder head.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the
cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and
corrosion.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an
equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for
use in aluminum engines. Check the
antifreeze container label.
Use only distilled water as a part of the
coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to
the aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.
This coolant solution is recommended for
most operating temperatures and provides
good corrosion protection.
Servicing Your Honda
93
08/12/19 10:21:29 31MFR600 0103 Coolant
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze
to less than 40% will not provide proper
corrosion protection.
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze
is not recommended because it decreases
cooling system performance. Higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%)
should only be used to provide additional
protection against freezing. Check the
cooling system frequently during freezing
weather.
94
Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:21:37 31MFR600 0104 Coolant
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
LEFT CENTER
(1)
1. With the engine at normal operating
temperature, check the coolant level in
the reserve tank ( 1 ). It should be
between the UPPER ( 2 ) and LOWER
( 3 ) level marks.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for
leaks and see your Honda dealer for
repair.
(3)
(2)
(1) reserve tank
(2) UPPER level mark
(3) LOWER level mark
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
95
08/12/19 10:21:47 31MFR600 0105 Coolant
LEFT SIDE
(4)
(5)
(7)
(8)
(6)
(4) bolt
(7) frame grommets
(5) left rear cover (8) reserve tank cap
(6) prongs
96
Servicing Your Honda
2. Remove the bolt ( 4 ).
3. Carefully pull the left rear cover ( 5 ) out
until the prongs ( 6 ) are clear of the
frame grommets ( 7 ).
4. Remove the left rear cover.
5. Remove the reserve tank cap ( 8 ).
Always add coolant to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
6. Add coolant to the reserve tank as
required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
7. Install the reserve tank cap.
8. Position the left rear cover so the
prongs are aligned with the frame
grommets.
9. Push the prongs in.
10. Install the bolt.
08/12/19 10:21:53 31MFR600 0106 Coolant
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 210 ).
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant,
refer to You & the Environment,
page 153 .
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
Servicing Your Honda
97
08/12/19 10:21:59 31MFR600 0107 Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Service the air cleaner more frequently if
you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Your Honda dealer can help you
determine the correct service interval for
your riding conditions.
Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new Honda Genuine air cleaner specified
for your model or an air cleaner of
equivalent quality.
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine wear.
98
Servicing Your Honda
Proper air cleaner maintenance can
prevent premature engine wear or damage,
expensive repairs, low engine power, poor
gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance
and premature engine wear.
08/12/19 10:22:09 31MFR600 0108 Air Cleaner
RIGHT SIDE
Replacement
(3)
(1)
1. Remove the bolts ( 1 ), washers ( 2 ) and
air cleaner housing cover ( 3 ).
2. Remove the air cleaner ( 4 ).
3. Discard the air cleaner.
Thoroughly clean the inside of the air
cleaner case ( 5 ).
4. Install a new air cleaner and reinstall the
air cleaner housing cover.
5. Reinstall the washers and make sure the
bolts are tightened securely to the
specified torque:
1.1 lbf·ft (1.5 N·m , 0.2 kgf·m)
(2)
(5)
(4)
(1) bolts
(2) washers
(3) air cleaner
housing cover
(2)
(1)
(4) air cleaner
(5) air cleaner case
Servicing Your Honda
99
08/12/19 10:22:15 31MFR600 0109 Crankcase Breather
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Draining
Service the crankcase breather more
frequently if your motorcycle is ridden in
the rain or often at full throttle. Service the
breather if you can see deposits in the
transparent section of the drain tube.
RIGHT FRONT
(1)
(1) crankcase breather tube plug
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
breather tube plug ( 1 ).
2. Remove the plug to drain the deposits in
the tube.
3. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube
plug.
100 Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:22:25 31MFR600 0110 Final Drive Oil
Oil Recommendation
hypoid gear oil
type
viscosity
(weight)
SAE 80
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
LEFT REAR
(1)
(2)
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Remove the oil filler cap ( 1 ).
3. Check the oil level. It should be flush
with the lower edge of the oil filler
inspection hole ( 2 ).
4. If the level is low, check for leaks. Add
the recommended oil through the oil
filler inspection hole until it reaches the
lower edge of the opening.
5. Install the oil filler cap and tighten to
the specified torque:
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
(1) oil filler cap
(2) oil filler inspection hole
Servicing Your Honda
101
08/12/19 10:22:35 31MFR600 0111 Final Drive Oil
Changing Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
LEFT REAR
(2)
(4)
(1)
(1) oil drain bolt
(2) oil filler cap
(3) sealing washer
(4) oil filler inspection hole
(3)
Change the oil with the final drive at
normal operating temperature to assure
complete and rapid draining.
102 Servicing Your Honda
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Place a drain pan under the oil drain
bolt ( 1 ).
3. Remove the oil filler cap ( 2 ) and the oil
drain bolt.
4. After the oil has completely drained,
check that the sealing washer ( 3 ) is in
good condition. Reinstall the oil drain
bolt with its sealing washer (or a new
washer, if necessary) and tighten it to
the specified torque:
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
5. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 153 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
08/12/19 10:22:41 31MFR600 0112 Final Drive Oil
6. Fill the final drive with the
recommended oil:
4.4 US oz (130 cm )
Make sure the final drive oil level is at
the lower edge of the oil filler
inspection hole ( 4 ).
7. Install the oil filler cap and tighten to
the specified torque:
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
Servicing Your Honda
103
08/12/19 10:22:52 31MFR600 0113 Throttle
Throttle Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Inspection
Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.
Freeplay:
1/16−1/4 in (2−6 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) throttle cable boot
(2) adjuster
(3) lock nut
104 Servicing Your Honda
Adjustment
1. Slide the throttle cable boot ( 1 ) off the
adjuster ( 2 ).
2. Loosen the lock nut ( 3 ).
3. Turn the adjuster.
4. After adjustment, check for smooth
rotation of the throttle grip from fully
closed to fully open in all steering
positions.
5. Tighten the lock nut and return the
throttle cable boot securely over the
adjuster.
08/12/19 10:22:58 31MFR600 0114 Throttle
Throttle Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
2. Check for smooth rotation of the
throttle from fully open to fully closed
in all steering positions. If there is a
problem, see your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
105
08/12/19 10:23:04 31MFR600 0115 Clutch System
Your motorcycle’s manually activated,
wet, multiplate clutch is part of the
primary drive system. Proper freeplay
adjustment allows a smooth, gradual
engagement when shifting gears.
Improper freeplay adjustment can cause
premature clutch wear.
Clutch Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(1) clutch lever
106 Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:23:13 31MFR600 0116 Clutch System
Inspection
1. Check freeplay:
3/8−13/16 in (10−20 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified
range.
Upper Adjustment
Attempt adjustment with the upper clutch
cable adjuster first.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(+)
(−)
(3)
(2) upper lock nut
(3) upper clutch cable adjuster
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
1. Loosen the upper lock nut ( 2 ).
2. Turn the upper clutch cable adjuster ( 3 )
to obtain the specified freeplay.
3. Tighten the upper lock nut and check
the freeplay again.
Servicing Your Honda
107
08/12/19 10:23:22 31MFR600 0117 Clutch System
Lower Adjustment
If the upper clutch cable adjuster is
threaded out near its limit, or the correct
freeplay cannot be obtained, attempt
adjustment with the lower clutch cable
adjuster.
(5)
LEFT SIDE
(−)
(+)
(4) lower lock nut
(5) lower adjusting nut
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
108 Servicing Your Honda
(4)
1. Loosen the upper lock nut ( 2 ) and turn
the upper clutch cable adjuster ( 3 ) all
the way in (to provide maximum
freeplay). Tighten the upper lock nut.
2. Loosen the lower lock nut ( 4 ).
3. Turn the lower adjusting nut ( 5 ) to
obtain the specified freeplay.
4. Tighten the lower lock nut and check
the adjustment.
08/12/19 10:23:28 31MFR600 0118 Clutch System
5. Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in,
and shift into gear. Make sure the
engine does not stall and the motorcycle
does not creep. Gradually release the
clutch lever and open the throttle. Your
motorcycle should move smoothly and
accelerate gradually.
If you cannot get proper adjustment, or the
clutch does not work properly, the cable or
clutch friction discs may be worn. See
your Honda dealer or refer to the official
Honda Service Manual (page 210 ).
Other Inspections & Lubrication
Check that the clutch lever assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
Check the clutch cable for kinks or
signs of wear. If necessary, have it
replaced.
Lubricate the clutch cable with a
commercially available cable lubricant
to prevent premature wear and
corrosion.
Servicing Your Honda
109
08/12/19 10:23:37 31MFR600 0119 Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard
spark plug
for
extended
high speed
riding
Spark Plug Inspection &
Replacement
DCPR6E (NGK) or
XU20EPR-U (DENSO)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
DCPR7E (NGK) or
XU22EPR-U (DENSO)
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
(1)
Use only the recommended type of spark
plugs in the recommended heat range.
(2)
Using spark plugs with an improper heat
range can cause engine damage.
(1) rear over head cover
(2) prongs
(3) engine grommets
110 Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:23:46 31MFR600 0120 Spark Plugs
1. Carefully pull the rear over head covers
( 1 ) on both sides out until the prongs
( 2 ) are clear of the engine grommets
( 3 ).
2. Remove the caps ( 4 ), bolts ( 5 ) and
washers ( 6 ).
3. Carefully pull the front over head
covers ( 7 ) on both sides out until the
prongs ( 8 ) are clear of the engine
grommets ( 9 ).
4. Remove the front over head center
cover (10).
RIGHT SIDE
(5)
(4)
(5)
(10)
(9)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(4) caps
(8) prongs
(5) bolts
(9) engine
(6) washers
grommets
(7) front over head (10) front over head
cover
center cover
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
111
08/12/19 10:23:53 31MFR600 0121 Spark Plugs
5. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug bases.
6. Disconnect the spark plug caps (11).
Take care to avoid damaging the spark
plug wire when disconnecting the caps.
7. Using a spark plug wrench, remove the
spark plugs.
8. Inspect the electrodes and center
porcelain for deposits, corrosion, or
carbon fouling. If the corrosion or
deposits are heavy, replace the plug.
Clean a carbon or wet-fouled plug with
a plug cleaner, if available, or a wire
brush.
RIGHT SIDE
(11)
(11) spark plug cap
112 Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:24:02 31MFR600 0122 Spark Plugs
9. Check the spark plug gap (12) of each
new plug, using a wire-type feeler
gauge. If adjustment is necessary, bend
the side electrode (13) carefully.
The gap should be:
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
(12)
(12) spark plug gap
(13)
(13) side electrode
10. With the plug washers attached, thread
the spark plugs in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
11. Tighten each spark plug:
If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
If installing a new plug, tighten it twice
to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK: 3/4 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 1/2 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
Improperly tightened spark plugs can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too
tight, the threads may be damaged.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
113
08/12/19 10:24:09 31MFR600 0123 Spark Plugs
12. Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care
to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
13. Install the front over head center cover.
14. Position the front over head covers on
both sides so the prongs are aligned
with the engine grommets.
15. Push the prongs in.
16. Install the caps, bolts and washers.
17. Position the rear over head covers on
both sides so the prongs are aligned
with the engine grommets.
18. Push the prongs in.
114 Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:24:15 31MFR600 0124 Suspension
Your front and rear suspension systems
use springs and hydraulic damping devices
that suspend your weight and most of the
weight of your motorcycle.
The spring pre-load for your rear
suspension system adjusts the amount of
force required to begin compression of the
spring.
The oil damper systems hydraulically
control the natural compression and
rebound of the suspension springs so that
traction and comfort are maintained as the
wheels ride over road surfaces.
Consider adjusting your suspension
whenever you change your normal load,
by adding or subtracting a passenger,
cargo, or accessories, or when the road or
riding conditions change.
The way you ride your motorcycle and the
type of ride you want to experience can
also influence your suspension needs.
You may adjust the spring pre-load and
the rebound damping of rear suspension
system.
Servicing Your Honda
115
08/12/19 10:24:20 31MFR600 0125 Suspension
Lower spring pre-load and softer damping
provide a softer ride and are usually
preferred for light loads and smooth roads.
Higher spring pre-load and firmer
damping provide a firmer ride and are
recommended for heavy loads, rough road
conditions, and faster, more challenging
riding.
Rear Suspension Adjustment
The rear suspension can be adjusted for
rider (and passenger) weight and riding
conditions by changing the spring pre-load
and rebound damping.
The rear shock absorber includes a damper
unit that contains high pressure nitrogen
gas. Do not attempt to disassemble,
service, or dispose of the damper; see your
Honda dealer. The instructions found in
this owner’s manual are limited to
adjustments of the shock assembly only.
116 Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:24:30 31MFR600 0126 Suspension
Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) adjuster knob
(2) end of adjuster knob
(3) indicator line
The spring pre-load adjuster knob ( 1 ) has
35 spring pre-load positions (clicks) or
more for different load or riding
conditions.
To adjust the spring pre-load, turn the
adjuster knob.
To adjust to the standard position:
1. Remove the right side cover (page 75 ).
2. Turn the spring pre-load adjuster knob
counterclockwise until it will no longer
turn (lightly seats).
This is the full LOW setting.
3. Turn the adjuster clockwise by 6 clicks.
At that position, the end of the adjuster
knob ( 2 ) should be aligned with the
indicator line ( 3 ). This is the standard
position.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
117
08/12/19 10:24:35 31MFR600 0127 Suspension
To Reduce Spring Pre-load (LOW):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward LOW.
To Increase Spring Pre-load (HIGH):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HIGH.
118 Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:24:45 31MFR600 0128 Suspension
Rear Suspension Damping
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Rebound Damping
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) damping adjuster
(2) punch mark
(3) reference punch mark
To adjust to the standard position:
1. Turn the damping adjuster ( 1 )
clockwise until it will no longer turn
(lightly seats). This is the full hard
setting.
2. Turn the adjuster counterclockwise
approximately 3/4 turns so that the
punch mark ( 2 ) on the adjuster aligns
with the reference punch mark ( 3 ). This
is the standard position.
To Reduce Rebound Damping (SOFT):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward SOFT (S).
To Increase Rebound Damping
(HARD):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HARD (H).
Servicing Your Honda
119
08/12/19 10:24:51 31MFR600 0129 Brakes
The hydraulic braking systems on your
motorcycle dissipate the heat generated by
the friction of the brake pads on the brake
discs as the wheels are slowed.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid
level will drop. A leak in the system will
also cause the level to drop.
Frequently inspect the system to ensure
there are no fluid leaks. Periodically
inspect the brake fluid level and the brake
pads for wear.
If the brake lever or brake pedal freeplay
does not feel within the normal range
while riding, check the brake pads for
wear (page 123 ). Worn pads should be
replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond
the recommended limit, there is probably
120 Servicing Your Honda
air in the brake system. See your Honda
dealer to have the air bled from the system.
Brake Fluid Recommendation
brake
fluid
Honda DOT 4 Brake
Fluid
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of
equal quality and performance. Use fresh
brake fluid from a sealed container. Be
sure to read the label before opening the
sealed container. An opened container
may be contaminated or may have
absorbed moisture from the air.
08/12/19 10:24:59 31MFR600 0130 Brakes
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
If your inspection indicates a low fluid
level, have your Honda dealer add the
recommended brake fluid.
Do not add or replace brake fluid, except
in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have
your Honda dealer check the system as
soon as possible.
Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid brake
fluid contact with skin or eyes. If it comes
in contact with your eyes, wash them out
with clean water and immediately call a
doctor. If it comes in contact with your
skin, wash with clean water and, if
necessary, call a doctor.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(Front Brake)
Brake f luid can damage plastic and
painted surf aces. Handle with care.
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
121
08/12/19 10:25:07 31MFR600 0131 Brakes
RIGHT SIDE
(Rear Brake)
If the level is at or below the LOWER
level mark, check the brake pads for
wear (page 123 ).
(2)
(3)
(2) UPPER level mark
(3) LOWER level mark
1. Place your motorcycle in an upright
position on a firm, level surface.
2. Check the fluid level.
Front : It should be above the LOWER
level mark ( 1 ).
Rear : It should be between the UPPER
( 2 ) and LOWER level ( 3 ) marks.
122 Servicing Your Honda
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn beyond the recommended
limit, have your brake system inspected
for leaks.
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hoses and fittings.
08/12/19 10:25:14 31MFR600 0132 Brakes
LEFT FRONT
Brake Pad Wear
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. Generally, the pads will wear
faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the
pads at each regular maintenance interval
(page 68 ).
(1) cutouts
(1)
RIGHT REAR
Check the cutouts ( 1 ) in each pad. It may
be helpful to use a small mirror to view
the cutout on the inside brake pad of the
rear brake. If either pad is worn to the
cutout, replace both pads as a set. See your
Honda dealer for this service.
(1)
(1) cutouts
Servicing Your Honda
123
08/12/19 10:25:20 31MFR600 0133 Tires
To safely operate your motorcycle, your
tires must be the proper type and size, in
good condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
124 Servicing Your Honda
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your motorcycle ride harshly, are more
prone to damage from road hazards, and
wear unevenly.
08/12/19 10:25:24 31MFR600 0134 Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.
However, because leakage is often very
slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully
inflated.
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’, after the motorcycle has been
parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has
only been ridden for a few miles –– the
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
Servicing Your Honda
125
08/12/19 10:25:33 31MFR600 0135 Tires
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
rear
33 psi (225 kPa ,
2.25 kgf/cm )
41 psi (280 kPa ,
2.80 kgf/cm )
126 Servicing Your Honda
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
08/12/19 10:25:42 31MFR600 0136 Tires
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
For the best performance, you should
replace a tire before the tread depth at the
center reaches the following limits:
front
rear
0.06 in (1.5 mm)
0.08 in (2.0 mm)
Tread Wear
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
(1)
(2)
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
Servicing Your Honda
127
08/12/19 10:25:47 31MFR600 0137 Tires
Tire Service Life
The service life of your tires is dependent
on many factors, including, but not limited
to, riding habits, road conditions, vehicle
loading, tire pressure, maintenance history,
speed, and environmental conditions (even
when the tires are not in use).
In addition to your regular inspections and
tire pressure maintenance, it is
recommended that you have annual
inspections performed once the tires reach
5 years old. It is also recommended that all
tires be removed from service after 10
years from the date of manufacture,
regardless of their condition or state of
wear.
128 Servicing Your Honda
The last four digits of the TIN (tire
identification number) ( 1 ) are found on
the sidewall of the tire, and indicate the
date of manufacture.
Tire Identification Number (TIN)
The tire identification number (TIN) is a
group of numbers and letters that look like
the following example.
The TIN is located on the sidewall of the
tire.
DOT ×××× ×××× 22 07
(2)
(3)
(4)
08/12/19 10:25:53 31MFR600 0138 Tires
DOT − This indicates that the tire meets
all requirements of the U.S. Department of
Transportation.
(2) ×××× − Factory code
(3) ×××× − Tire type code
(4) 22 07 − Date of manufacture
Year
Week
TIRE LABELING EXAMPLE
(1)
(1) tire identification number (TIN)
Servicing Your Honda
129
08/12/19 10:25:58 31MFR600 0139 Tires
Tire Repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is
repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and
performance limits than a new or
undamaged tire.
130 Servicing Your Honda
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger,
and have the tire replaced or permanently
repaired as soon as possible.
(For more information on temporary
repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire,
page 162 .)
08/12/19 10:26:02 31MFR600 0140 Tires
A permanent repair, such as an internal
plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a
small puncture in the tread area. With such
a repair, you should not exceed 50 mph
(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph
(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. If you choose to
have a tire repaired, be sure the repair
work is performed by a professional and
that the wheel is balanced before you ride.
If you have a tire professionally repaired
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
131
08/12/19 10:26:08 31MFR600 0141 Tires
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
The tires that came on your motorcycle
were designed to match the performance
capabilities of your motorcycle and
provide the best combination of handling,
braking, durability, and comfort.
When replacing, use the original
equipment tires or equivalent tires of the
same size, construction, speed rating, and
load range as the originals.
132 Servicing Your Honda
Installing improper tires on your
motorcycle can affect handling
and stability. This can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
08/12/19 10:26:19 31MFR600 0142 Tires
The recommended tires for your
motorcycle are:
front
type
rear
type
90/90−21M/C 54H
DUNLOP ELITE3
bias-ply, tubeless
200/50R18M/C 76H
DUNLOP ELITE3
radial, tubeless
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
Important Safety Reminders
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless
tire on this motorcycle. Excessive heat
build-up can cause the tube to burst.
Use only tubeless tires on this
motorcycle. The rims are designed for
tubeless tires, and during hard
acceleration or braking, a tube-type tire
could slip on the rim and cause the tire
to rapidly deflate.
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
133
08/12/19 10:26:30 31MFR600 0143 Side Stand
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) side stand spring
Check that the side stand assembly is
working properly. If the side stand is
stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area
and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean
grease.
134 Servicing Your Honda
Check the spring for damage or loss of
tension.
Check the side stand ignition cut-off
system:
1. Sit on the motorcycle and put the
transmission in neutral.
2. Raise the side stand.
3. Start the engine.
4. Pull the clutch lever in.
5. Shift the transmission into gear.
6. Lower the side stand all the way.
The engine should stop as you lower the
side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop,
see your Honda dealer for service.
08/12/19 10:26:37 31MFR600 0144 Battery
Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free
type battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery, even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your motorcycle or do not
ride frequently, we recommend that you
charge the battery frequently (see Battery
Charging, page 139 ).
If you do not expect to ride your
motorcycle for at least two weeks, we
recommend you remove the battery, or at
least disconnect the battery cables
(negative cable first).
If you plan to store your motorcycle, see
Battery Storage, page 136 .
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash your hands after
handling.
Servicing Your Honda
135
08/12/19 10:26:44 31MFR600 0145 Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
If you plan to store your motorcycle, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow charging it
every 30 days (see Battery Charging,
page 139 ).
136 Servicing Your Honda
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
08/12/19 10:26:54 31MFR600 0146 Battery
The battery is located in the battery box
behind the left side cover.
LEFT SIDE
Removal
1. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Remove the left side cover (page 74 ).
3. Remove the battery band ( 1 ).
4. Disconnect the negative (−) terminal
lead ( 2 ) from the battery first.
5. Disconnect the positive (+) terminal
lead ( 3 ).
6. Pull the battery ( 4 ) out of the battery
box.
(1)
(2)
(4)
(3)
(1) battery band
(2) negative (−) terminal lead
(3) positive (+) terminal lead
(4) battery
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
137
08/12/19 10:27:01 31MFR600 0147 Battery
7. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
8. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
9. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
10. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
138 Servicing Your Honda
Installation
1. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (−)
terminal.
2. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
08/12/19 10:27:08 31MFR600 0148 Battery
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
(1)
(1) charger
We recommend using a charger ( 1 )
designed specifically for your Honda,
which can be purchased from your Honda
dealer. These units can be left connected
for long periods without risking damage to
the battery. However, do not intentionally
leave the charger connected longer than
the time period recommended in the
charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a motorcycle battery and cause
permanent damage.
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
Servicing Your Honda
139
08/12/19 10:27:16 31MFR600 0149 Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your motorcycle. A
clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect
and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
To clean your motorcycle, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
140 Servicing Your Honda
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from
recent operation, give the engine and
exhaust system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause
the finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your motorcycle regularly to
protect surface finishes.
08/12/19 10:27:27 31MFR600 0150 Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your motorcycle. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
Do not direct water at the air intake.
The water could enter the air cleaner or
be drawn into the throttle body.
After washing, inspect for the crankcase
breather drain tube. If water is in the
tube, clean the crankcase breather tube
plug (page 100 ).
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and
brake fluid).
Washing Your Motorcycle with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
1. Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with
cool water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing motorcycles or
automobiles.
3. Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or
a soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
4. After washing, rinse your motorcycle
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
141
08/12/19 10:27:34 31MFR600 0151 Appearance Care
5. Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or
a soft towel. Leaving water on the
surface to air dry can cause dulling and
water spots. As you dry, inspect for
chips and scratches.
6. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
7. As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at
a slow speed and apply the brakes
several times. This will help dry the
brakes and restore normal braking
performance.
If the inside of the headlight lens
appears clouded immediately after
washing, it should clear after a few
minutes of riding.
142 Servicing Your Honda
Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
08/12/19 10:27:43 31MFR600 0152 Appearance Care
Motorcycle Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
Servicing Your Honda
143
08/12/19 10:27:50 31MFR600 0153 Appearance Care
Painted Aluminum Wheel
Maintenance
Clean the Matte Painted Surface
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
Aluminum may corrode from contact with
dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels
after riding through any of these
substances. Use a wet sponge and mild
detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool,
or cleaners containing abrasives or
chemical compounds.
After washing, rinse with plenty of water
and dry with a clean cloth.
If the paint is chipped, apply touch-up
paint.
144 Servicing Your Honda
Use a soft cloth or sponge, plenty of water,
and a mild detergent to clean the matte
paint. Dry with a soft, clean cloth.
Do not use polishing compounds or wax
containing polishing compounds. These
can damage or discolor the paint.
To keep your Honda looking new, clean
and polish it frequently.
08/12/19 10:27:58 31MFR600 0154 Appearance Care
Exhaust Pipe Maintenance
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
The exhaust pipe is stainless steel, but may
become stained by oil or mud. If necessary,
remove heat stains with a liquid kitchen
abrasive.
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
After washing your motorcycle, consider
using a commercially available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped
or scratched, your Honda dealer has touchup paint to match your motorcycle’s color.
Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color
code (page 188 ) when you buy touch-up
paint.
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
Servicing Your Honda
145
08/12/19 10:28:01 31MFR600 0155 146 Servicing Your Honda
08/12/19 10:28:06 31MFR600 0156 Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible
motorcycle owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................ 148
Transporting Your Motorcycle ........... 152
You & the Environment ...................... 153
Tips
147
08/12/19 10:28:13 31MFR600 0157 Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your motorcycle
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Winter Storage Guide,
available from your Honda dealer (USA
only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your motorcycle in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
148 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
1. Change the engine oil and filter
(page 89 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50% antifreeze solution
(page 93 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
08/12/19 10:28:22 31MFR600 0158 Storing Your Honda
4. To prevent rusting in the cylinders,
perform the following:
Remove the spark plug caps from the
spark plugs. Using tape or string,
secure the caps to any convenient
plastic body part so that they are
positioned away from the spark plugs.
Remove the spark plugs from the
engine and store them in a safe place.
Do not connect the spark plugs to the
spark plug caps.
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of
clean engine oil into each cylinder
and cover the spark plug holes with a
piece of cloth.
With the engine stop switch in the
RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and
distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plugs and spark
plug caps.
5. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery
(page 139 ) once a month.
6. Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all
painted surfaces (except matte painted
surfaces). Apply rust-inhibiting oil to
the chrome pieces.
7. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 124 ).
(cont’d)
Tips
149
08/12/19 10:28:27 31MFR600 0159 Storing Your Honda
8. Store your motorcycle in an unheated
area, free of dampness, away from
sunlight, with a minimum of daily
temperature variation.
9. Place your motorcycle on blocks to lift
both tires off the floor.
10. Cover your motorcycle with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
150 Tips
08/12/19 10:28:35 31MFR600 0160 Storing Your Honda
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
1. Uncover and clean your motorcycle.
2. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than four months –– change the
engine oil (page 89 ).
3. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than two months –– ask your
Honda dealer to drain and replace the
fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 139 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 33 ),
then test-ride your motorcycle at low
speeds.
Tips
151
08/12/19 10:28:39 31MFR600 0161 Transporting Your Motorcycle
If your motorcycle needs to be transported,
it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. Do
not tow your motorcycle, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
152 Tips
08/12/19 10:28:44 31MFR600 0162 You & the Environment
Owning and riding a motorcycle can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally responsible motorcycle
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
Tips
153
08/12/19 10:28:47 31MFR600 0163 154 Tips
08/12/19 10:28:55 31MFR600 0164 Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your
motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells
you how to evaluate each problem and
what actions you can take to try to resume
riding. If the problem cannot be safely
solved, this section also gives instructions
on the proper way to have your
motorcycle transported.
General Guidelines ..............................
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start ..
If You Have a Flat Tire .......................
If Your Engine Overheats ...................
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator
Lights ...................................................
If a Fuse Blows....................................
If You Crash ........................................
If You Lose Your Key ........................
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) .......
156
157
162
175
177
178
182
183
184
For information about transporting your
motorcycle, see page 152 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
155
08/12/19 10:29:03 31MFR600 0165 Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road.
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, the tool kit that came with your
motorcycle, and any other items (such as
tire repair supplies and additional tools)
that might help you solve a problem on
your own.
156 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your motorcycle is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
08/12/19 10:29:08 31MFR600 0166 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as
you press the start button. If you don’t
hear the starter motor turning, refer to the
Starter motor doesn’t operate symptom. If
you can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
157
08/12/19 10:29:20 31MFR600 0167 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Turn the ignition switch ON.
ignition switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
engine stop switch OFF
Shift into neutral.
transmission not in neutral
Put the transmission in neutral or raise the side
side stand down (when
stand and pull the clutch lever in.
transmission not in neutral)
blown fuse
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating
(page 178 ).
battery lead loose
Tighten the battery lead.
low (or dead) battery
Charge the battery (page 139 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
faulty starter motor
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
158 Taking Care of the Unexpected
08/12/19 10:29:30 31MFR600 0168 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Fill the fuel tank.
out of fuel
See F looded Engine (page 43 ).
flooded engine
Install the spark plug caps securely. If the engine
loose or unconnected spark
still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.
plug caps
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
loose battery cables
weak battery
Charge the battery (page 139 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
159
08/12/19 10:29:43 31MFR600 0169 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
side stand down
Raise the side stand. Start again.
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
See your Honda dealer.
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
overheating
Check the high coolant temperature indicator.
Refer to If Y our Engine Overheats, page 175 .
low oil pressure
Check the low oil pressure indicator. Refer to If
the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights,
page 177 .
May damage catalytic converters.
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
160 Taking Care of the Unexpected
08/12/19 10:29:54 31MFR600 0170 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly (cont’d).
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust (rich fuel
See your Honda dealer.
mixture)
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
detonates or pings under
load
gasoline (page 81 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
May damage catalytic converters.
afterfires (backfires)
See your Honda dealer.
pre-ignition (runs on after
May damage catalytic converters.
ignition switched OFF)
See your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
161
08/12/19 10:30:00 31MFR600 0171 If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
side stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage. If you find a
tire that has been punctured or damaged,
you have two options.
Option 1:
Have Your Motorcycle Transported
If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in
the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come
loose from the rim, there is probably not
much you can do except have your
motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer
162 Taking Care of the Unexpected
or other qualified service facility. Even
with a simple puncture, this may be the
safest and least troublesome solution. For
transporting instructions, see page 152 .
Option 2:
Make a Temporary Roadside Repair
If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and
is not completely flat, you may be able to
make an emergency repair that could
allow you to continue riding to where you
can get the tire replaced or permanently
repaired.
08/12/19 10:30:05 31MFR600 0172 If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your motorcycle with a
temporary tire repair can be risky.
If the temporary repair fails, you
can crash and be seriously injured
or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire is
permanently repaired or replaced.
repaired. Stop frequently and check the air
pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it
may be unsafe to continue riding. As the
tire gets low, it will affect the handling of
your motorcycle (especially with a
passenger and cargo), and it may overheat
and blow out.
Types of Temporary Repairs
The following types of temporary repairs
generally require a source of air to inflate
the tire. Possible sources include CO2
cartridges or cans of compressed air
designed to inflate a tire.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over
30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully
(preferably without a passenger or cargo)
until the tire is replaced or permanently
Taking Care of the Unexpected
163
08/12/19 10:30:10 31MFR600 0173 If You Have a Flat Tire
Inflate the tire: Tubeless tires have
some self-sealing ability if they are
punctured and the result is usually just a
slow leak. If this is the case, you can try
inflating the tire to see if it will hold air
pressure. If you can see a nail or other
object embedded in the tire tread, do not
remove it at this time.
Plug the hole: The idea here is to do
something to temporarily stop the leak.
If you have a tubeless tire repair kit,
you can pull out the nail and try
inserting an external plug in the
puncture. Follow the instructions that
came with the repair kit and be sure to
inflate the tire to the correct pressure.
164 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should You Repair or Replace a
Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
page 130 .
08/12/19 10:30:18 31MFR600 0174 If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Front Wheel
Removal/Installation
LEFT SIDE
(1)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
(2)
(3)
(4)
Removal
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
2. Carefully raise the center of the
motorcycle with a chain hoist.
(5)
(1) fixing bolts
(2) brake caliper assembly
(3) fork leg
(4) front axle bolt
(5) axle pinch bolts
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
165
08/12/19 10:30:25 31MFR600 0175 If You Have a Flat Tire
3. Remove the fixing bolts ( 1 ) and
remove the left brake caliper assembly
( 2 ) from the fork leg ( 3 ).
To avoid damage to the brake hose
during removal, support the caliper
assembly so that it doesn’t hang from
the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on
the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake
performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
166 Taking Care of the Unexpected
4. Remove the front axle bolt ( 4 ), and
then loosen the right and left axle pinch
bolts ( 5 ).
5. Remove the front axle shaft ( 6 ), wheel
and side collars.
Avoid pressing the brake lever when
the wheel is off the motorcycle. This
will force the caliper pistons out of
the cylinders. The result will be loss
of brake fluid. If this occurs, the
brake system will require service. See
your Honda dealer for this service.
08/12/19 10:30:32 31MFR600 0176 If You Have a Flat Tire
RIGHT FRONT
(6)
RIGHT FRONT
(5)
(5) axle pinch bolts
Installation
1. Install the side collars and position the
wheel between the fork legs. Insert the
front axle shaft from the right side,
through the right fork leg and wheel
hub.
2. Align the index line ( 7 ) of the front
axle shaft with the recessed surface ( 8 )
of the fork leg.
(7)
(6) front axle shaft
(7) index line
(8)
(8) recessed surface
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
167
08/12/19 10:30:41 31MFR600 0177 If You Have a Flat Tire
3. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
4. Tighten the front axle bolt to the
specified torque:
47 lbf·ft (64 N·m , 6.5 kgf·m)
5. Install the brake caliper onto the fork
leg.
To avoid damaging the brake pads,
carefully fit the brake disc ( 9 ) between
the pads.
6. Install the caliper fixing bolts and
tighten to the specified torque:
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
7. Operate the front brake and pump the
fork several times. Check for free
wheel rotation after the brake is
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake
drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.
168 Taking Care of the Unexpected
8. If the clearances between each surface
of the brake disc and the brake bracket
(10) (not the brake pads) are
symmetrical, follow next step.
If the clearances are not symmetrical,
loosen the right axle pinch bolts and
pull the right fork outward or push
inward to adjust the clearance. Then
follow the next step.
08/12/19 10:30:47 31MFR600 0178 If You Have a Flat Tire
9. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
Visually check that the clearances
between each surface of the brake disc
and the brake bracket (not the brake
pads) are symmetrical.
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capability.
(10)
(9)
(9) brake disc
(10) brake bracket
Taking Care of the Unexpected
169
08/12/19 10:30:55 31MFR600 0179 If You Have a Flat Tire
3. Remove the exhaust pipe joint nuts ( 1 ).
Emergency Rear Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 60 .
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
(1)
Removal
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
2. Carefully raise the center of the
motorcycle with a chain hoist.
170 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(1) exhaust pipe joint nuts
08/12/19 10:31:04 31MFR600 0180 If You Have a Flat Tire
4. Remove the muffler bracket bolt A ( 2 ),
B ( 3 ), nuts ( 4 ) and washers ( 5 ).
5. Remove the muffler.
RIGHT REAR
6. Remove the axle holding bolt ( 6 ) and
washer (7 ).
7. While holding the other end of the rear
axle shaft ( 8 ) with a wrench, remove
the rear axle nut ( 9 ) and washer ( 10 ).
LEFT REAR
(5)
(14)
(6)
(2)
(3)
(7)
(4)
(2) muffler bracket bolt A
(3) muffler bracket bolt B
(4) muffler bracket nuts
(5) washers
(8)
(6) axle holding bolt
(7) washer
(8) rear axle shaft
(14) final drive gear case
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
171
08/12/19 10:31:13 31MFR600 0181 If You Have a Flat Tire
RIGHT REAR
(13)
(11)
(10)
(12)
10. Slide the rear axle shaft to the left side
until the rear wheel can be removed.
Do not pull the rear axle shaft out
completely.
11. Remove the rear brake bracket (13).
12. Move the wheel to the right to separate
it from the final drive gear case ( 14 ).
13. Remove the wheel and side collar.
(9)
(9) rear axle nut
(12) rear brake
(10) washer
bracket bolt
(11) protective tape (13) rear brake
bracket
8. Cover the right swingarm with
protective tape ( 11 ) or an equivalent.
9. Remove the rear brake bracket bolt (12).
172 Taking Care of the Unexpected
To avoid damage to the brake hose
during removal, support the caliper
assembly so that it doesn’t hang from
the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on
the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake
performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
08/12/19 10:31:22 31MFR600 0182 If You Have a Flat Tire
Avoid depressing the brake pedal
when the wheel is off the motorcycle.
This will force the caliper piston out
of the cylinder. The result will be a
loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the
brake system will require service.
See your Honda dealer for this
service.
Installation
Before installing the wheel, check that the
wheel hub and final drive gear splines are
coated with molybdenum disulfide paste
(USA only: Pro Honda Moly 60 Paste, or
equivalent).
1. Install the side collar and position the
wheel between the swingarm and the
final drive gear case. Be sure the splines
on the wheel hub fit into the final drive
gear case.
2. Install the rear brake bracket and rear
brake bracket bolt.
To avoid damaging the brake pads
while setting the brake caliper
assembly over the brake disc,
carefully fit the brake disc between
the pads.
3. Push the rear axle shaft from the left
side, through the wheel hub and rear
brake bracket.
4. Remove the protective tape or an
equivalent.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
173
08/12/19 10:31:34 31MFR600 0183 If You Have a Flat Tire
5. Tighten the rear brake bracket bolt to
the specified torque:
51 lbf·ft (69 N·m , 7.0 kgf·m)
6. Install the rear axle nut and washer.
7. Tighten the rear axle nut to the
specified torque:
94 lbf·ft (127 N·m , 13.0 kgf·m)
8. Install the axle holding bolt and washer.
9. Tighten the axle holding bolt to the
specified torque:
20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)
10. After installing the wheel, apply the
brake several times. Check for free
wheel rotation after the brake is
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake
drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.
174 Taking Care of the Unexpected
11. Install the muffler, muffler bracket bolt
A, B, nuts and washers.
Before installing the muffler, replace
the muffler gasket with a new gasket.
Tighten the nuts and bolts to the
specified torques:
exhaust pipe joint nuts:
17 lbf·ft (23 N·m , 2.3 kgf·m)
muffler bracket bolt A, B and nuts:
20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capability.
08/12/19 10:31:40 31MFR600 0184 If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the temperature of the coolant
in the cooling system will rise to a level
about midway between cold and boiling.
Hot weather may cause the temperature to
rise higher than normal. So will temporary
stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re
stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the
temperature may climb some, but the
radiator fan is designed to prevent
overheating. Be aware of these variations.
If the high coolant temperature indicator
(page 13 ) comes on for no apparent
reason, pull safely to the side of the road.
If possible, park in a shady area.
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant
leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but
don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
If there’s no obvious problem, leave the
engine on so the fan and coolant
circulating system can continue
working. Monitor the high coolant
temperature indicator. The indicator
may turn off after a brief stop with no
load on the engine.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
175
08/12/19 10:31:46 31MFR600 0185 If Your Engine Overheats
Check the radiator fan.
If the fan is not working, turn the
engine off. Open the fuse box
(page 180 ) and check the radiator fan
fuse. If the fuse is blown, replace it
with the proper (same rating) spare fuse.
Start the engine. If the high coolant
temperature indicator comes on and
stays on, turn the engine off.
If the radiator fan is working, visually
check the coolant level in the reserve
tank, located just behind the crankcase.
It isn’t necessary to touch the radiator
system.
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t
ride without adding coolant (page 95 ).
After adding coolant, turn the engine on
and check the high coolant temperature
indicator.
If the indicator doesn’t turn off, do not
176 Taking Care of the Unexpected
ride. The engine needs repair. Transport
your motorcycle to a Honda dealer
(page 152 ).
If the temperature drops to normal,
check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue
to monitor the high coolant temperature
indicator frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for
awhile, carefully watching the high
coolant temperature indicator. Be prepared
to stop and add more coolant or water. If
the leak is bad, transport your motorcycle
to a Honda dealer (page 152 ).
08/12/19 10:31:53 31MFR600 0186 If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights
If you check your engine oil level
regularly, you should never see the low oil
pressure indicator while riding. Normally,
it will only light momentarily when you
turn the ignition switch ON. Occasionally,
it may flicker at or near idling speed.
Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil
leak, a low oil level, or some problem in
the engine’s lubrication system.
If the indicator comes on while you’re
riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the
side of the road. If possible, pull the clutch
lever in and coast to a stop. Stop the
engine as soon as it’s safe to do so.
Continuing to ride with low oil pressure
can cause serious engine damage.
Check for an oil leak.
Then check the oil level. If necessary,
add the recommended oil (page 85 ) to
the upper level mark. If you must leave
your motorcycle to get oil, secure it as
much as possible.
After adding oil, start the engine, and
check that the low oil pressure indicator
goes off. Check for a possible leak.
If the indicator goes off and there is no
leak –– resume riding. If there is a leak ––
do not ride the motorcycle until the leak is
repaired by a Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
177
08/12/19 10:32:01 31MFR600 0187 If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
motorcycle have fuses to protect them
from damage caused by excess current
flow (short circuit or overload).
If something electrical on your motorcycle
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Determine from the chart on the circuit
fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control
that component. Check those fuses first,
but check all the fuses before looking
elsewhere for another possible cause of
the problem. Replace any blown fuses and
check component operation.
178 Taking Care of the Unexpected
The main fuse and spare are located on
the starter magnetic switch behind the
left side cover.
The circuit fuse box (including spare
fuses) is located behind the right side
cover.
Recommended Fuses
main fuse
other fuses
30A
20A, 10A
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
08/12/19 10:32:12 31MFR600 0188 If a Fuse Blows
Main Fuse Access:
2. To access the main fuse ( 1 ), remove
the left side cover (page 74 ).
3. Disconnect the wire connector ( 2 ) of
the starter magnetic switch ( 3 ).
4. Pull the main fuse out. If it is blown ( 4 ),
install the spare main fuse ( 5 ).
5. Reconnect the wire connector.
6. Install the left side cover.
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(1)
MAIN FUSE
(5)
(4)
(3)
(1) main fuse
(2) wire connector
(3) starter magnetic switch
(5) spare main fuse
(4) blown fuse
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
179
08/12/19 10:32:23 31MFR600 0189 If a Fuse Blows
Circuit Fuse Access:
7. To access the circuit fuses, remove the
right side cover (page 75 ).
8. Remove the fuse box cover ( 6 ).
CIRCUIT FUSE
(8)
RIGHT SIDE
(6)
(7)
(8) blown fuse
If you do not have a replacement fuse with
the proper rating for the circuit, install one
with a lower rating.
(7)
(6) fuse box cover
(7) spare fuses
9. To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull
the old fuse out of its retaining clips.
Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.
If the fuse is blown ( 8 ), replace it with
a spare fuse ( 7 ) of the same rating.
180 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
10. Install the fuse box cover.
11. Install the right side cover.
08/12/19 10:32:28 31MFR600 0190 If a Fuse Blows
If you do not have a spare fuse and you
cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing
the problem, take a fuse of the same rating
or a lower rating from one of the other
circuits that you can do without
temporarily.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your motorcycle checked
by your Honda dealer.
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
181
08/12/19 10:32:33 31MFR600 0191 If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after a
crash. If you or anyone else has been
injured, take time to assess the severity of
the injuries and whether it is safe to
continue riding. Call for emergency
assistance if needed. Also follow
applicable laws and regulations if another
person or vehicle is involved in the crash.
If you decide that you are capable of
riding safely, first evaluate the condition
of your motorcycle. If the engine is still
running, turn it off and look it over
carefully; inspect it for fluid leaks, check
the tightness of critical nuts and bolts, and
secure such parts as the handlebar, control
levers, brakes, and wheels.
182 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your motorcycle
thoroughly checked at a qualified service
facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure
to have your Honda dealer check the
frame and suspension after any serious
crash.
If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Motorcycle, page 152 .
08/12/19 10:32:41 31MFR600 0192 If You Lose Your Key
This motorcycle has ignition keys ( 1 ) and
steering lock keys ( 2 ).
You should receive a steering lock key
number plate ( 3 ) with your keys. Store
this plate in a safe place.
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
(1) ignition keys
(2)
(3)
(2) steering lock keys
(3) steering lock key number plate
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer where you
purchased your Honda. They may have it
listed in their records. If they don’t,
transport your motorcycle to them or the
nearest Honda dealer. The dealer will
probably have to remove the ignition
switch assembly to find the key number so
they can make a key for you.
(1)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
183
08/12/19 10:32:45 31MFR600 0193 If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your motorcycle’s electrical
system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
184 Taking Care of the Unexpected
08/12/19 10:32:52 31MFR600 0194 Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your motorcycle.
Vehicle Identification..........................
Specifications ......................................
Break-in Guidelines ............................
Emission Control Systems ..................
Catalytic Converters ............................
Oxygenated Fuels ................................
Technical Information
186
189
197
198
205
207
185
08/12/19 10:32:58 31MFR600 0195 Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The VIN and engine serial number are
required when you register your
motorcycle. They may also be required
when ordering replacement parts. You
may record these numbers in the Quick
Reference section at the rear of this
manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
is stamped on the right side of steering
head and also appears on the Safety
Certification Label attached to the left
side of the down tube.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) VIN
186 Technical Information
08/12/19 10:33:03 31MFR600 0196 Vehicle Identification
RIGHT SIDE
The engine number ( 3 ) is stamped on the
top of the crankcase.
(2)
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(2) VIN
(3) engine number
Technical Information
187
08/12/19 10:33:09 31MFR600 0197 Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
UNDER SEAT
The color label ( 1 ) is attached to the
frame under the seat. Remove the seat
(page 78 ) to check the label.
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
(1) color label
188 Technical Information
(1)
08/12/19 10:33:17 31MFR600 0198 Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
100.5 in (2,552 mm)
35.3 in (897 mm)
45.3 in (1,151 mm)
71.0 in (1,804 mm)
4.9 in (125 mm)
Technical Information
189
08/12/19 10:33:28 31MFR600 0199 Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
final drive oil capacity
cooling system,
recommendation
cooling system,
capacity
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
3.38 US gal (12.8 ) including reserve
after disassembly: 4.5 US qt (4.3 )
after draining: 3.7 US qt (3.5 )
after draining & oil filter change: 3.9 US qt (3.7 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4stroke oil (Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil
after draining: 4.4 US oz (130 cm )
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality
ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum
engines
2.68 US qt (2.54 )
190 Technical Information
08/12/19 10:33:43 31MFR600 0200 Specifications
Capacities
passenger capacity
maximum weight
capacity
Operator and one passenger
322 lbs (146 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Engine Specifications
displacement
80.0 cu-in (1,312 cm )
bore & stroke
3.52 × 4.11 in (89.5 × 104.3 mm)
compression ratio
9.2 : 1
spark plug (standard) DCPR6E (NGK) or XU20EPR-U (DENSO)
spark plug (high
DCPR7E (NGK) or XU22EPR-U (DENSO)
speed riding)
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
spark plug gap
valve clearance
intake
0.006 in (0.15 mm)
(cold)
exhaust 0.012 in (0.30 mm)
idle speed
930 ± 100 rpm (no adjustment)
Technical Information
191
08/12/19 10:33:55 31MFR600 0201 Specifications
Power Transmission
primary reduction
secondary reduction
final reduction
gear ratio, 1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
final drive
1.935
0.944
2.818
1.900
1.231
0.909
0.757
0.676
shaft
192 Technical Information
08/12/19 10:34:07 31MFR600 0202 Specifications
Chassis & Suspension
caster
32°00’
trail
3.6 in (92 mm)
tire size, front
90/90−21M/C 54H
DUNLOP ELITE3
bias-ply, tubeless
tire type
tire size, rear
200/50R18M/C 76H
DUNLOP ELITE3
tire type
radial, tubeless
tire pressure, front
33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
(cold)
tire pressure, rear
41 psi (280 kPa , 2.80 kgf/cm )
(cold)
Technical Information
193
08/12/19 10:34:19 31MFR600 0203 Specifications
Electrical
battery
generator
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
license light
turn signal lights
Fuses
main fuse
other fuses
12V−11.2Ah
0.381 kW/5,000 rpm
12V−60/55W
LED
12V−5W
12V−21/5W (front)
12V−21W (rear)
30A
20A, 10A
194 Technical Information
08/12/19 10:34:33 31MFR600 0204 Specifications
Torque Specifications
22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m)
engine oil drain bolts
19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
engine oil filter
1.1 lbf·ft (1.5 N·m , 0.2 kgf·m)
air cleaner housing
cover bolts
final drive oil
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
drain bolt
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
final drive oil
filler cap
front wheel axle bolt
47 lbf·ft (64 N·m , 6.5 kgf·m)
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
front wheel caliper
fixing bolts
front wheel axle
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
pinch bolts
rear wheel axle nut
94 lbf·ft (127 N·m , 13.0 kgf·m)
51 lbf·ft (69 N·m , 7.0 kgf·m)
rear brake bracket
bolt
20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)
rear wheel axle
holding bolt
Technical Information
195
08/12/19 10:34:38 31MFR600 0205 Specifications
Torque Specifications
17 lbf·ft (23 N·m , 2.3 kgf·m)
exhaust pipe joint
nuts
20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)
muffler bracket bolt
A, B and nuts
seat mounting bolts B 16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
196 Technical Information
08/12/19 10:34:42 31MFR600 0206 Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your motorcycle’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 300 miles (500 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
Technical Information
197
08/12/19 10:34:48 31MFR600 0207 Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada (EC) require that
your motorcycle comply with applicable
exhaust emissions standards during its
useful life, when operated and maintained
according to the instructions provided.
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label ( 1 ) ( 2 ) is attached to
the left side of the frame.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(1) vehicle emission control information
label
(2) vehicle emission control information
label (Canada only)
198 Technical Information
08/12/19 10:34:52 31MFR600 0208 Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that motorcycles
built after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided.
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (USA only)
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx)
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various
systems to reduce carbon monoxide,
oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.
Technical Information
199
08/12/19 10:34:57 31MFR600 0209 Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system
includes a secondary air injection system,
a PGM-FI system and two oxidation
catalytic converters.
No adjustment to these systems should be
made although periodic inspection of the
components is recommended.
PGM-FI System
The PGM-FI system uses sequential
multiport fuel injection. It has four
subsystems: Air Intake, Engine Control,
Fuel Control, and Exhaust Control.
The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses
various sensors to determine how much air
is going into the engine. It then controls
how much fuel to inject under all
operating conditions.
Ignition Timing Control System
The system constantly adjusts the ignition
timing, reducing the amount of HC, CO
and NOx produced.
200 Technical Information
08/12/19 10:35:01 31MFR600 0210 Emission Control Systems
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system
introduces filtered air into the exhaust
gases in the exhaust port. The secondary
air injection system helps improve
emission control performance.
Oxidation Catalytic Converters
The oxidation catalytic converters are in
the exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC and CO in the
engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide (CO2)
and water vapor.
Evaporative Emission Control System
(California only)
This motorcycle complies with the
requirements of the California Air
Resources Board (CARB) evaporative
emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the
fuel tank is directed into the charcoal
canister and air cleaner where it is
absorbed and stored while the engine is
stopped. When the engine is running and
the purge control solenoid valve is open,
fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air
cleaner is drawn into the engine through
the throttle body.
Technical Information
201
08/12/19 10:35:06 31MFR600 0211 Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
intake manifold.
Problems That May Affect Motorcycle
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda
motorcycle dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
202 Technical Information
08/12/19 10:35:11 31MFR600 0212 Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
Technical Information
203
08/12/19 10:35:15 31MFR600 0213 Emission Control Systems
Fuel Permeation Emission Control
System
This vehicle complies with the Fuel
Permeation Emission Control regulations
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada (EC). The fuel tank,
fuel hoses, and fuel vapor charge hoses
used on this vehicle incorporate fuel
permeation control technologies.
Tampering with the fuel tank, fuel hoses,
or fuel vapor charge hoses to reduce or
defeat the effectiveness of the fuel
permeation technologies is prohibited by
federal regulations.
204 Technical Information
08/12/19 10:35:18 31MFR600 0214 Catalytic Converters
This motorcycle is equipped with
oxidation catalytic converters. Each
catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converters must operate at
high temperature for the chemical
reactions to take place. They can set fire to
any combustible materials that come near
them. Park your motorcycle away from
high grasses, dry leaves, or other
flammables.
Catalytic converters act on HC and CO.
Replacement parts must be original Honda
parts or equivalents.
Technical Information
205
08/12/19 10:35:22 31MFR600 0215 Catalytic Converters
Defective catalytic converters contribute
to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these
guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s
catalytic converters.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a
small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making
the catalytic converters ineffective.
Keep the engine in good running
condition.
A poorly running engine can cause the
catalytic converter to overheat causing
damage to the converter or the
motorcycle.
206 Technical Information
If your engine is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling, or otherwise not running
properly, stop riding and turn off the
engine. Have your motorcycle serviced
as soon as possible.
08/12/19 10:35:28 31MFR600 0216 Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
Technical Information
207
08/12/19 10:35:34 31MFR600 0217 Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
208 Technical Information
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
08/12/19 10:35:41 31MFR600 0218 Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
Service Manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................
Warranty Coverage .............................
Warranty Service .................................
Contacting Honda................................
Your Honda Dealer .............................
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ..........................................
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ..........................................
Consumer Information
210
213
214
215
216
217
218
209
08/12/19 10:35:48 31MFR600 0219 Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.
(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)
Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems
common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanically
capable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61MFR00
2010 VT1300CX Service Manual
$60.00
61CM002
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31MFR600
2010 VT1300CX Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
210 Consumer Information
08/12/19 10:35:57 31MFR600 0220 Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item Description
Qty.
Item No.
*
Price
Total
Each*
Price
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
Mich. add 6 %
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Calif. add 7.25 %
delivery.
Handling Charge
$3.75
Grand Total
Consumer Information
211
08/12/19 10:36:11 31MFR600 0221 S
H
I
P
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
T
O
City
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Customer Name
Attention
Street address/P. O. BOX
Apartment Number
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
MasterCard
Zip Code
Check here if your billing address is different from the
shipping address shown above.
Account Number
Expiration: Mo. Yr.
−
VISA
Security Code
Discover
Customer Signature
Date
These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. For returns, a restocking fee may
be applied against the original order.
HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
212 Consumer Information
08/12/19 10:36:17 31MFR600 0222 Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Motorcycle Limited Warranty
Emission Control System Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet (USA only).
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan (USA only). For more information,
see your Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the motorcycle.
Consumer Information
213
08/12/19 10:36:23 31MFR600 0223 Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your motorcycle, call the service
department of your Honda dealer. Make
an appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize
that inspection. Your dealer will give you
the results of the inspection. If the
problem is covered under warranty, your
dealer will perform the warranty repairs
for you.
214 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the Service Manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
08/12/19 10:36:29 31MFR600 0224 Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,
CA 90509-2200, Mailstop: 100-4C-7B,
Telephone: (866) 784-1870.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and VIN
date of purchase
dealer name and address
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address (USA only):
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet
that was supplied with your vehicle.
Consumer Information
215
08/12/19 10:36:35 31MFR600 0225 Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Honda
Genuine Parts, Pro Honda products,
Honda Genuine Accessories (USA only),
and Honda accessories and products
(Canada only). The same quality that went
into your Honda can be found in Honda
Genuine replacement parts. You’ll also
find comparable quality in the accessories
216 Consumer Information
and products available from the parts
department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about safety
training available in your local area and
the Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA
only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
08/12/19 10:36:39 31MFR600 0226 The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
You may be eligible for a Honda Rider’s
Club of America (HRCA) membership
with the purchase of your new Honda.
You can log on to the HRCA Clubhouse
website for details at www.hrca.honda.
com.
Consumer Information
217
08/12/19 10:36:44 31MFR600 0227 Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or
could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-4249153); go to http://www.saf ercar.gov;
or write to: Administrator, NHTSA,
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.,
Washington, DC 20590.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,
it may open an investigation, and if it
finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your
dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,
Inc.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from
http://www.saf ercar.gov.
218 Consumer Information
08/12/19 10:36:46 31MFR600 0228 Consumer Information
219
08/12/19 10:37:05 31MFR600 0229 Table of Contents
The following presents the contents of
each section of your owner’s manual.
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY ..................
Important Safety Information .................
Accessories & Modifications ..................
Safety Labels ...........................................
Headlight Dimmer Switch ..................
Turn Signal Switch ..............................
Horn Button .........................................
1
2
5
7
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS ....... 9
Operation Component Locations ............10
Gauges, Indicators & Displays................13
Odometer/Tripmeter A & B/Digital
Clock Display ......................................19
Odometer .............................................20
Tripmeter A & B .................................20
Digital Clock .......................................22
Controls & Features.................................25
Ignition Switch ....................................25
Start Button..........................................26
Engine Stop Switch .............................26
220 Table of Contents
27
27
28
BEFORE RIDING.................................29
Are You Ready to Ride? .........................30
Protective Apparel ...............................30
Rider Training .....................................32
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .......33
Pre-ride Inspection ..............................33
Load Limits & Guidelines.......................36
Loading ................................................36
Load Limits .........................................37
Loading Guidelines .............................37
08/12/19 10:37:24 31MFR600 0230 Table of Contents
BASIC OPERATION & RIDING .......39
Safe Riding Precautions ..........................40
Starting & Stopping the Engine ..............41
Preparation...........................................41
Starting Procedure ...............................42
Flooded Engine ...................................43
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off
System .................................................43
How to Stop the Engine ......................44
Shifting Gears ..........................................45
Braking ....................................................47
Parking .....................................................49
Theft-prevention Tips .........................52
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ...........53
SERVICING YOUR HONDA .............55
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance .............58
Maintenance Safety .................................59
Important Safety Precautions ..............60
Periodic Maintenance ..............................62
Maintenance Schedule ............................64
Maintenance Record................................69
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations .......71
Side Cover Removal................................74
Tool Kit....................................................76
Owner’s Manual Storage.........................77
Seat Removal ...........................................78
Clip Removal ...........................................80
(cont’d)
Table of Contents
221
08/12/19 10:37:41 31MFR600 0231 Table of Contents
SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ..........................................................81
Engine Oil & Filter ..................................84
Coolant.....................................................93
Air Cleaner ..............................................98
Crankcase Breather ............................. 100
Final Drive Oil..................................... 101
Engine
Throttle ................................................ 104
Clutch System...................................... 106
Spark Plugs .......................................... 110
222 Table of Contents
Chassis
Suspension ...........................................
Brakes ..................................................
Tires .....................................................
Side Stand ............................................
115
120
124
134
Electrical
Battery ................................................. 135
Appearance Care ................................. 140
TIPS ....................................................
Storing Your Honda ............................
Transporting Your Motorcycle ...........
You & the Environment ......................
147
148
152
153
08/12/19 10:37:59 31MFR600 0232 Table of Contents
TAKING CARE OF THE
UNEXPECTED .................................
General Guidelines ..............................
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start ..
If You Have a Flat Tire .......................
If Your Engine Overheats ...................
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator
Lights ...................................................
If a Fuse Blows....................................
If You Crash ........................................
If You Lose Your Key ........................
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) .......
TECHNICAL INFORMATION .....
Vehicle Identification..........................
Specifications ......................................
Break-in Guidelines ............................
Emission Control Systems ..................
Catalytic Converters ............................
Oxygenated Fuels ................................
155
156
157
162
175
177
178
182
183
184
185
186
189
197
198
205
207
CONSUMER INFORMATION ......
Authorized Manuals ............................
Warranty Coverage .............................
Warranty Service .................................
Contacting Honda................................
Your Honda Dealer .............................
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ..........................................
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ..........................................
209
210
213
214
215
216
217
218
TABLE OF CONTENTS ................. 220
INDEX ................................................ 224
QUICK REFERENCE
Table of Contents
223
08/12/19 10:38:04 31MFR600 0233 Index
A
accessories ................................................ 5
air cleaner................................................ 98
air pressure, tires ................................... 124
American Honda, contacting................ 215
apparel, protective .................................. 30
appearance care .................................... 140
authorized manual ................................ 210
224 Index
B
battery ................................................... 135
brakes,
fluid................................................... 120
pad wear............................................ 123
braking .................................................... 47
break-in guidelines ............................... 197
button,
odometer/tripmeter/digital
clock select and reset........ 13, 20, 21, 22
08/12/19 10:38:09 31MFR600 0234 Index
C
capacity, fuel .......................................... 82
care, appearance ................................... 140
cleaner, air............................................... 98
cleaning, appearance care .................... 140
clip........................................................... 80
clutch system ........................................ 106
color label ............................................. 188
compartment,
owner’s manual .................................. 77
tool kit ................................................. 76
consumer information .......................... 209
controls & features ................................. 25
coolant..................................................... 93
crankcase breather ................................ 100
customer service ................................... 215
D
defects, reporting safety ....................... 218
digital clock ............................................ 22
display, odometer/tripmeter
A & B/digital clock .................... 13, 16, 19
drive, final............................................. 101
Index
225
08/12/19 10:38:13 31MFR600 0235 Index
E
emission control systems ...................... 198
engine,
flooded ................................................ 43
low oil pressure................................. 177
number .............................................. 187
oil ........................................................ 84
overheats ........................................... 175
pinging ................................................ 81
starting ................................................ 41
stop switch .......................................... 26
stopping............................................... 44
won’t start ......................................... 157
environment .......................................... 153
226 Index
F
final drive.............................................. 101
flat tire................................................... 162
flooded engine ........................................ 43
fuel,
oxygenated........................................ 207
recommendation ................................. 81
tank capacity ....................................... 82
fuses ...................................................... 178
08/12/19 10:38:17 31MFR600 0236 Index
G
gap, spark plug...................................... 113
gasohol .................................................. 207
gasoline ................................................... 81
gauges ..................................................... 13
H
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 27
helmet holder .......................................... 51
high beam indicator .......................... 13, 18
high coolant temperature
indicator .................................... 13, 18, 175
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 215
dealer................................................. 216
Rider’s Club...................................... 217
Honda service manual .......................... 210
horn button .............................................. 28
Index
227
08/12/19 10:38:22 31MFR600 0237 Index
I
identification, vehicle ........................... 186
ignition cut-off system, side stand ......... 41
ignition switch ........................................ 25
indicators................................................. 13
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 33
K
key, lost ................................................. 183
kit, tool .................................................... 76
L
labels, safety ............................................. 7
limit, weight ............................................ 37
load limits ............................................... 37
loading guidelines................................... 37
lock, steering ........................................... 50
low oil pressure indicator ... 13, 14, 17, 177
228 Index
08/12/19 10:38:27 31MFR600 0238 Index
M
maintenance,
component locations........................... 71
importance .......................................... 58
periodic ............................................... 62
record .................................................. 69
safety................................................... 59
schedule .............................................. 64
manual, authorized ............................... 210
manual, service ..................................... 210
maximum weight limit ........................... 37
modifications ............................................ 6
O
odometer ..................................... 13, 16, 20
oil,
engine .................................................. 84
final drive ......................................... 101
low pressure ...................................... 177
operation component locations .............. 10
overheat, engine.................................... 175
owner’s manual storage .......................... 77
oxygenated fuels................................... 207
N
neutral indicator ................................ 13, 17
numbers, serial ...................................... 186
Index
229
08/12/19 10:38:32 31MFR600 0239 Index
P
parking .................................................... 49
PGM-FI indicator ....................... 13, 14, 17
pinging, engine ....................................... 81
plugs, spark ........................................... 110
pre-load, rear suspension ...................... 117
pre-ride inspection .................................. 33
problems, unexpected ........................... 155
protective apparel ................................... 30
230 Index
R
removal,
clip ...................................................... 80
seat ...................................................... 78
side cover ...................................... 74, 75
reporting safety defects ........................ 218
rider training ....................................... 3, 32
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 217
riding,
basic operation .................................... 39
clothing ............................................... 30
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 40
with a passenger or cargo ................... 53
08/12/19 10:38:37 31MFR600 0240 Index
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 60
labels ..................................................... 7
reporting defects ............................... 218
riding precautions ............................... 40
schedule, maintenance ............................ 64
seat removal ............................................ 78
serial numbers ....................................... 186
service,
customer............................................ 215
manuals ............................................. 210
warranty ............................................ 214
shifting gears .......................................... 45
side cover removal............................ 74, 75
side stand .............................................. 134
side stand ignition cut-off system .......... 41
spark knock ............................................. 81
spark plugs ............................................ 110
specifications ........................................ 189
speedometer ................................ 13, 15, 16
stand, side ............................................. 134
start button .............................................. 26
starting,
engine .................................................. 41
troubleshooting ................................. 157
steering lock ............................................ 50
stop switch, engine ................................. 26
stopping engine ....................................... 44
storage,
motorcycle ........................................ 148
owner’s manual .................................. 77
suspension,
rear damping ..................................... 119
rear spring pre-load .......................... 117
(cont’d)
Index
231
08/12/19 10:38:41 31MFR600 0241 Index
switch,
engine stop .......................................... 26
headlight dimmer................................ 27
ignition ................................................ 25
turn signal ........................................... 27
232 Index
T
theft-prevention tips ............................... 52
throttle,
lever .................................................. 104
tire identification no. (TIN).................. 128
tires,
air pressure ........................................ 124
flat ..................................................... 162
replacing ........................................... 132
tool kit ..................................................... 76
training, rider ...................................... 3, 32
transporting your motorcycle ............... 152
tripmeter...................................... 13, 16, 20
trouble, unexpected .............................. 155
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 157
turn signal indicators .................. 13, 17, 18
08/12/19 10:38:46 31MFR600 0242 Index
V
vehicle identification no. (VIN)... 186, 187
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 213
extended ............................................ 213
service ............................................... 214
washing your motorcycle ..................... 141
weight limit ............................................. 37
wheels,
front removal .................................... 165
rear removal ...................................... 170
Index
233
08/12/19 10:38:57 31MFR600 0245 Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How to Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil –– insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner –– dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
08/12/19 10:39:01 31MFR600 0246 Quick Reference
VIN
Engine No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
08/12/19 10:39:11 31MFR600 0247 Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 33 ): tires &
wheels, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.
Check the following items monthly (page 62 ): tires & wheels, fluids,
lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
Engine Oil
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent
3.38 US gal (12.8 )
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
Quick Reference
322 lbs (146 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
08/12/19 10:39:24 31MFR600 0248 Quick Reference
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plugs
Front: 90/90−21M/C 54H
DUNLOP ELITE3
Type: bias-ply, tubeless
Rear: 200/50R18M/C 76H
DUNLOP ELITE3
Type: radial, tubeless
Front: 33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
Rear: 41 psi (280 kPa , 2.80 kgf/cm )
standard: DCPR6E (NGK) or XU20EPR-U (DENSO)
high speed riding: DCPR7E (NGK) or XU22EPR-U (DENSO)
Coolant
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50
solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water
Fuses
main: 30A
other: 20A, 10A
Final Drive Oil
Hypoid Gear Oil SAE 80
Quick Reference
08/12/19 10:39:34 31MFR600 0249 Quick Reference
These symbols are used in Controls & Features section:
SYMBOL
COMPONENT
START button
RUN − engine stop switch
OFF − engine stop switch
HI − headlight dimmer switch
LO − headlight dimmer switch
turn signal switch
horn button
Quick Reference
SEE PAGE
26
26
26
27
27
27
28
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