2010 Silver Wing (FSC600/A) Owner`s Manual

2010 Silver Wing (FSC600/A) Owner`s Manual
09/12/14 14:43:23 31MGF610 0007 Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Scooter Safety ..................................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your scooter.
Instruments & Controls .....................
The location and function of
indicators, gauges and controls on
your scooter and operating
instructions for various controls and
features.
Contents
9
Before Riding ...................................... 35
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to
make sure you and your scooter are
ready to ride, and important
information about loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 53
How to start and stop the engine, and
use the brakes. Also, includes riding
precautions and important
information about riding with a
passenger or cargo.
09/12/14 14:43:34 31MGF610 0008 Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 77
Why your scooter needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an
owner maintenance schedule, and
instructions for specific maintenance
and adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 165
How to store and transport your
scooter and how to be an
environmentally responsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 171
What to do if you have a flat tire,
your engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 193
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 215
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 224
Index..................................................... 226
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
09/12/14 14:42:53 31MGF610 0002 2010
Honda FSC600/A
SILVER WING
OWNER’S MANUAL
09/12/14 14:42:59 31MGF610 0003 Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
scooter.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your scooter and how it works. To
protect your investment, we urge you to
take responsibility for keeping your
scooter well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
Introduction
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section and
an index at the back of the book.
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
09/12/14 14:43:05 31MGF610 0004 Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 219 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important product information.
Introduction
09/12/14 14:43:09 31MGF610 0005 A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this scooter safely is
an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a scooter. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the scooter.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
09/12/14 14:43:15 31MGF610 0006 A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Scooter Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this scooter correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
09/12/14 14:43:42 31MGF610 0010 Scooter Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
scooter safely. Please take a few moments
to read these pages. This section also
includes information about the location of
safety labels on your scooter.
Important Safety Information ................. 2
Accessories & Modifications .................. 5
Safety Labels ........................................... 7
Scooter Safety
1
09/12/14 14:43:46 31MGF610 0011 Important Safety Information
Your scooter can provide many years of
service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider to be most important.
2
Scooter Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 36 ).
09/12/14 14:43:51 31MGF610 0012 Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle Riding Tips, which came
with your new scooter.
Because many crashes involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a motorcycle operator
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 38 .
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see scooters because
they are not looking for them. To make
yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Ride Defensively
The most frequent scooter collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
scooter. Another common situation is a car
moving suddenly into your lane.
Scooter Safety
3
09/12/14 14:43:57 31MGF610 0013 Important Safety Information
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
scooter crashes. Never ride beyond your
personal abilities or faster than conditions
warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, and inattention can significantly
reduce your ability to make good
judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
4
Scooter Safety
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your scooter
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your scooter before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 44 ), and
do not modify your scooter (page 6 ) or
install accessories that would make your
scooter unsafe (page 5 ).
09/12/14 14:44:03 31MGF610 0014 Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your scooter or using nonHonda accessories can make your scooter
unsafe. Before you consider making any
modifications or adding an accessory, be
sure to read the following information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
Honda Genuine Accessories that have
been specifically designed and tested for
your scooter. Because Honda cannot test
all other accessories, you must be
personally responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
(cont’d)
Scooter Safety
5
09/12/14 14:44:08 31MGF610 0015 Accessories & Modifications
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the scooter’s electrical
system capacity (page 201 ). A blown
fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine
power (page 185 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
scooter. This scooter was not designed
for these attachments, and their use can
seriously impair your scooter’s handling.
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your scooter
in any way that would change its design or
operation. Such changes could seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, stability,
and braking, making it unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
scooter illegal.
6
Scooter Safety
09/12/14 14:44:19 31MGF610 0016 Safety Labels
Safety labels on your scooter either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious
injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t
remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Scooter Safety
7
09/12/14 14:44:27 31MGF610 0017 Safety Labels
8
Scooter Safety
09/12/14 14:44:40 31MGF610 0018 Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
scooter.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Operation Component Locations ............10
Gauges, Indicators & Displays................13
Multi-function Display........................20
Coolant Temperature Meter ................21
Fuel Gauge...........................................23
Odometer/Tripmeter A & B ................24
Digital Clock .......................................25
Controls & Features.................................28
Ignition Switch ....................................28
Start Button..........................................29
Engine Stop Switch .............................29
Headlight Dimmer Switch ..................30
Turn Signal Switch ..............................30
Horn Button .........................................31
RESET Button .....................................31
MODE Button .....................................31
Parking Brake Lock.............................32
Instruments & Controls
9
09/12/14 14:44:45 31MGF610 0019 Operation Component Locations
rear brake lever
front brake lever
headlight
dimmer switch
engine stop
switch
turn signal switch
throttle grip
horn button
left fairing pocket
start button
left fairing pocket lock
right fairing pocket
ignition switch
10
Instruments & Controls
09/12/14 14:44:49 31MGF610 0020 Operation Component Locations
center compartment
parking
brake lever
Instruments & Controls
11
09/12/14 14:44:52 31MGF610 0021 Operation Component Locations
helmet holder
seat lock
12
Instruments & Controls
09/12/14 14:44:59 31MGF610 0022 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
The gauges and indicators on your scooter
keep you informed, alert you to possible
problems, and make your riding safer and
more enjoyable. Refer to the gauges and
indicators frequently. Their functions are
described on the following pages.
(1) (2) (3)
(4)
(5) (6) (7) (8)
(1) tachometer
(2) tachometer red zone
(3) left turn signal indicator
(4) speedometer
(5) right turn signal indicator
(6) low oil pressure indicator
(7) high coolant temperature indicator
(8) multi-function display
(9) RESET button
(10) MODE button
(11) high beam indicator
(12) V-matic indicator
(13) PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL)
(14) parking brake indicator
(15) anti-lock brake system (ABS)
indicator (FSC600A)
(15) (14) (13)(12) (11)(10)(9)
Instruments & Controls
13
09/12/14 14:45:06 31MGF610 0023 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Lamp Check
The low oil pressure indicator comes on
when you turn the ignition switch ON so
you can check that it is working. The
indicator remains on until after the engine
is started.
The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
lights for a few seconds and then goes off
when you turn the ignition switch ON.
(FSC600A only)
The anti-lock brake system (ABS)
indicator comes on when you turn the
ignition switch ON. This indicator goes
off after you ride the scooter at a speed
above 6 mph (10 km/h).
14
Instruments & Controls
When applicable, the parking brake and
high beam indicators come on when you
turn the ignition switch ON and remains
on until you release the parking brake
lever or select the low beam.
The high coolant temperature indicator
and V-matic indicator light for a few
seconds and then go off when you turn the
ignition switch ON.
These indicators are identified in the table
on pages 16 − 19 with the words: Lamp
Check.
If one of these indicators does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for problems.
09/12/14 14:45:12 31MGF610 0024 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Display Check
(1)
When the ignition switch is turned ON, the
multi-function display ( 1 ) will display
from the bottom up in sequence.
Thereafter, it will temporarily show all the
modes and digital segments so you can
make sure the liquid crystal display is
functioning properly.
The displays are identified in the table on
page 17 with the words: Display Check.
If any part of these displays does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for problems.
(1) multi-function display
Instruments & Controls
15
09/12/14 14:45:23 31MGF610 0025 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
1
2
tachometer
tachometer red zone
3
left turn signal indicator
(amber)
speedometer
right turn signal indicator
(amber)
low oil pressure indicator
(red)
4
5
6
7
16
high coolant temperature
indicator (red)
Instruments & Controls
Shows engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).
Shows excessive engine rpm range (indicated from
the beginning of the tachometer red zone) in which
operation may damage the engine. Do not let the
tachometer needle enter the red zone.
Flashes when the left turn signal operates.
Shows riding speed in miles or kilometers per hour.
Flashes when the right turn signal operates.
Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to
cause engine damage. If the low oil pressure
indicator lights during operation, pull safely to the
side of the road. See page 184 for instructions and
cautions. Lamp Check.
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to
the side of the road. See page 182 for instructions
and cautions. Lamp Check.
09/12/14 14:45:34 31MGF610 0026 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
8
multi-function display
coolant temperature
meter
fuel gauge
odometer
tripmeter A & B
digital clock
The display includes the following functions:
Display Check.
Shows coolant temperature (page 21 ).
Shows approximate fuel supply available (page 23 ).
When segment F comes on, the fuel tank capacity is:
4.23 US gal (16.0 )
When segment E flashes while riding, fuel reserved
in the tank is about:
0.92 US gal (3.5 )
Shows the total miles ridden.
Shows the number of miles ridden since you last reset
the meter. The tripmeter has two sub modes, ‘‘A’’ and
‘‘B.’’ To zero (0) the tripmeter, press and hold the
RESET button (page 24 ).
Shows hour and minute (page 25 ).
Instruments & Controls
17
09/12/14 14:45:42 31MGF610 0027 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
9
RESET button
10
MODE button
11
high beam indicator
(blue)
V-matic indicator
(amber)
12
18
Instruments & Controls
Resets the tripmeter to zero (0) (page 24 ).
Also used to set the digital clock (page 25 ).
Selects tripmeter A, tripmeter B, or odometer (page
24 ).
Also used to set the digital clock (page 25 ).
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
Lights when V-matic parts have to be replaced. If
the indicator lights, see your Honda dealer. Lamp
Check.
09/12/14 14:45:48 31MGF610 0028 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
13
PGM-FI malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL)
(red)
14
parking brake indicator
(red)
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) indicator (red)
(FSC600A)
15
Flashes when there is any abnormality in the PGMFI (Programmed Fuel Injection) system. Should also
light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON and the engine stop
switch is at RUN. If the indicator comes on at any
other time, reduce speed and take your scooter to a
Honda dealer as soon as possible. Lamp Check.
Lights as a reminder that you have not released the
parking brake lever.
Lights when there is any abnormality in the anti-lock
brake system (ABS). Normally, this indicator comes
on when the ignition switch is turned ON, and goes
off after you ride the scooter at a speed above 6 mph
(10 km/h). If the indicator comes on while riding,
stop the scooter in a safe place and turn off the
engine. Refer to ABS indicator light, page 71 . For
information about ABS, see page 70 . Lamp Check.
Instruments & Controls
19
09/12/14 14:45:55 31MGF610 0029 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
(5)
Multi-function Display
The multi-function display ( 1 ) includes
the following functions:
coolant temperature meter
odometer/tripmeter A & B
fuel gauge
digital clock
Both the digital clock and tripmeter will
reset if the battery is disconnected.
(1)
(4)
(2)
(3)
(7)
(1) multi-function display
(2) coolant temperature meter
(3) odometer/tripmeter A & B
(4) fuel gauge
(5) digital clock
(6) RESET button
(7) MODE button
20
Instruments & Controls
(6)
09/12/14 14:46:00 31MGF610 0030 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Coolant Temperature Meter
The coolant temperature meter ( 1 ) shows
the coolant temperature digitally.
(1)
(1) coolant temperature meter
Instruments & Controls
21
09/12/14 14:46:06 31MGF610 0031 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Overheating Message:
When the coolant temperature rises above
a certain level, segment H ( 2 ) goes on. At
the same time, the high coolant
temperature indicator ( 3 ) lights.
If this occurs, stop the engine and check
the reserve tank coolant level. Read pages
118 − 121 and do not ride the scooter
until the problem has been corrected.
(3)
(2)
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
(2) segment H
(3) high coolant temperature indicator
22
Instruments & Controls
09/12/14 14:46:12 31MGF610 0032 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Fuel Gauge
(1)
(2)
The fuel gauge liquid crystal display ( 1 )
shows the approximate fuel supply
available in a graduated display. When
segment F ( 2 ) goes on, the fuel tank
capacity is:
4.23 US gal (16.0 )
When segment E ( 3 ) flashes, you should
refill the tank as soon as possible.
The amount of fuel remaining when the
flashing starts is approximately:
0.92 US gal (3.5 )
(3)
(1) fuel gauge
(2) segment F
(3) segment E
Instruments & Controls
23
09/12/14 14:46:21 31MGF610 0033 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Odometer/Tripmeter A & B
(1)
The odometer ( 1 ) shows the total miles
ridden.
(2)
The tripmeter A ( 2 ) and tripmeter B ( 3 )
show number of miles ridden since you
last reset the meter.
(4)
(3)
To select the odometer, tripmeter A or
tripmeter B, press the MODE button ( 4 ).
To reset the tripmeter, press and hold the
RESET button ( 5 ) for more than 2
seconds when the display is in the
tripmeter A or tripmeter B.
(5)
(1) odometer
(2) tripmeter A
(3) tripmeter B
24
Instruments & Controls
(4) MODE button
(5) RESET button
09/12/14 14:46:29 31MGF610 0034 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Digital Clock
(1)
The digital clock ( 1 ) shows the hour and
minute. To adjust the time, proceed as
follows:
1. Turn the ignition switch ON.
2. Press and hold both the MODE button
( 2 ) and RESET button ( 3 ) for more
than 2 seconds. The clock will be set in
the adjust mode with the hour display
flashing.
(2) (3)
(1) digital clock
(2) MODE button
(3) RESET button
(cont’d)
Instruments & Controls
25
09/12/14 14:46:37 31MGF610 0035 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
3. To set the hour, press the RESET button
until the desired hour and AM/PM are
displayed.
Quick setting − press and hold the
RESET button until the desired hour
appears.
26
Instruments & Controls
4. Press the MODE button. The minute
display will start flashing.
09/12/14 14:46:43 31MGF610 0036 Gauges, Indicators & Displays
5. To set the minute, press the RESET
button until the desired minute is
displayed. The minute display will
return to ‘‘00’’ when ‘‘60’’ is reached
without affecting the hour display.
Quick setting − press and hold the
RESET button until the desired
minute appears.
6. To end the adjustment, press the MODE
button or turn the ignition switch OFF.
The display will stop flashing
automatically.
The adjustment will be cancelled if the
button is not pressed within about 2
minutes.
Instruments & Controls
27
09/12/14 14:46:53 31MGF610 0037 Controls & Features
FRONT
Ignition Switch
(1)
OFF
The ignition switch ( 1 ) is used for starting
and stopping the engine (page 55 ) and to
lock the steering for theft prevention
(page 73 ). Insert the key and turn it to the
right for the ON position. Push down on
the key and turn it to the left to the LOCK
(steering lock) position.
Key Position
ON
OFF
LOCK
(steering
lock)
28
Function
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
No electrical circuits
function. Locks the
steering head.
Instruments & Controls
ON
LOCK
(1) ignition switch
To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push down on the key and turn it to the
right to the OFF position.
09/12/14 14:47:01 31MGF610 0038 Controls & Features
Start Button
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 56 .
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine; the headlight
will automatically go out, but the position
light, taillight and license light will stay on.
The engine will not operate if the engine
stop switch is in the OFF position when
the start button is pushed.
The electric starter will only work when
the rear brake lever is pulled in and the
side stand is up.
Engine Stop Switch
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
OFF
RUN
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF position. The
switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
Instruments & Controls
29
09/12/14 14:47:08 31MGF610 0039 Controls & Features
If your scooter is stopped with the ignition
switch ON and the engine stop switch
OFF, the headlight and taillight will
remain on, resulting in battery discharge.
Headlight Dimmer Switch
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
Turn Signal Switch
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking. To
cancel the light, push the switch in.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
30
Instruments & Controls
HI
LO
09/12/14 14:47:16 31MGF610 0040 Controls & Features
Horn Button
MODE Button
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
The MODE button is used to select
odometer, tripmeter A or tripmeter B. To
select from one tripmeter to the other,
press the button (page 24 ).
RESET Button
The RESET button is used to reset (zero)
the tripmeter. To reset the tripmeter, press
and hold the button for 2−3 seconds
(page 24 ).
The MODE button is also used to set the
digital clock (page 25 ).
The RESET button is also used to set the
digital clock (page 25 ).
Instruments & Controls
31
09/12/14 14:47:23 31MGF610 0041 Controls & Features
Parking Brake Lock
Be sure the parking brake is applied while
starting and warming up the engine.
The parking brake lock will not function if
the parking brake is not adjusted properly
(page 141 ).
To Apply the Parking Brake Lock
Pull the parking brake lever ( 1 ) back to
lock the rear wheel.
(See illustration on page 33 ).
The parking brake lock will not be applied
if the parking brake is not adjusted
properly (page 141 ).
32
Instruments & Controls
To Release the Parking Brake Lock
Before starting to ride the scooter, release
the parking brake lever ( 1 ) while lightly
pulling down on the rear of the lever.
Before riding, check that the parking
brake indicator is turned OFF and make
sure that the rear brake is fully released so
there is no drag on the rear wheel.
09/12/14 14:47:27 31MGF610 0042 Controls & Features
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
< To apply >
(1)
< To release >
(1) parking brake lever
Instruments & Controls
33
09/12/14 14:47:30 31MGF610 0043 34
Instruments & Controls
09/12/14 14:47:43 31MGF610 0044 Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your scooter, and adjustments to make for
your comfort, convenience, or safety. This
section also includes important
information about loading.
For information about adjusting the
suspension on your Honda, see page 132 .
Are You Ready to Ride? .........................36
Protective Apparel ...............................36
Rider Training .....................................38
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?..............40
Pre-ride Inspection ..............................40
Load Limits & Guidelines.......................43
Loading ................................................43
Load Limits .........................................44
Loading Guidelines .............................45
Cargo Compartments...............................47
Center Compartment ...........................47
Left Fairing Pocket..............................49
Right Fairing Pocket ...........................50
Comfort & Convenience .........................51
Adjustable Backrest ............................51
Trunk Light..........................................52
Before Riding
35
09/12/14 14:47:52 31MGF610 0045 Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your scooter for the first
time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
If you must carry an extra helmet while
riding, use a commercially available
elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the
helmet to the seat.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
Make sure your passenger is ready to ride,
too, and is wearing proper gear including a
helmet.
36
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
09/12/14 14:48:00 31MGF610 0046 Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmet and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker on any helmet you buy. Always
wear a face shield or goggles to protect
your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye
protection, and other protective
apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
37
09/12/14 14:48:05 31MGF610 0047 Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your scooter.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other scooters, take time to become
familiar with how this scooter works and
handles. Practice riding the scooter in a
safe area to build your skills. Do not ride
in traffic until you get accustomed to the
scooter’s controls, and feel comfortable
with its size and weight.
38
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a motorcycle
operator course approved by the
Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF).
New riders should start with the basic
course, and even experienced riders will
find the advanced course beneficial. For
information about the MSF training course
nearest you, call the national toll-free
number: (800) 446-9227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
scooter.
09/12/14 14:48:09 31MGF610 0048 Are You Ready to Ride?
ALWAYS wear a helmet.
You should also wear a face shield or goggles.
Wear bright or reflective clothing.
Clothes should be close-fitting.
Wear gloves.
Boots should be close-fitting, have low heels and offer ankle protection.
Before Riding
39
09/12/14 14:48:15 31MGF610 0049 Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your scooter and make sure any problem
you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the scooter:
Tires
&
Wheels
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
40
Before Riding
Look at the tires. If a tire
appears low, use an air
pressure gauge to check its
pressure. Also look for
signs of excessive wear
(page 144 ) or damage to
the tires and wheels.
09/12/14 14:48:25 31MGF610 0050 Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Lights
Walk around your scooter
and look for anything that
appears unusual, such as a
leak or loose cable.
Make sure the headlight,
brakelight, taillight, and
turn signals are working
properly.
If you are carrying a passenger or cargo,
also check the following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not
exceed the load limits
(page 44 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is
secure.
Adjustments
Adjust the rear suspension
(page 133 ) according to
your load.
Before Riding
41
09/12/14 14:48:33 31MGF610 0051 Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
scooter:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check
it moves smoothly without
binding.
Brakes
Pull the front and rear
brake levers to check that
they operate normally.
Indicators
42
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal operation
of the gauges and
indicators (page 13 ).
Before Riding
If you haven’t ridden the scooter in over a
week, you should also check other items,
such as the oil level and other fluids. See
Periodic Maintenance (page 84 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
09/12/14 14:48:39 31MGF610 0052 Load Limits & Guidelines
Your scooter has been designed to carry
you and one passenger. When you carry a
passenger, you may feel some difference
during acceleration and braking. But so
long as you keep your scooter wellmaintained, with good tires and brakes,
you can safely carry loads within the
given limits and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, braking,
and stability. Non-Honda accessories,
improper modifications, and poor
maintenance can also reduce your safety
margin.
Loading
How much weight you put on your scooter,
and how you load it, are important to your
safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger
or cargo, you should be aware of the
following information.
Overloading or improper loading
can cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
Before Riding
43
09/12/14 14:48:47 31MGF610 0053 Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
Following are the load limits for your
scooter:
maximum weight capacity:
366 lb (166 kg)
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.
maximum cargo weight:
25 lb (11.5 kg)
includes following maximum
compartment weights:
center compartment: 22 lb (10 kg)
2.0 lb (1.0 kg)
left fairing pocket:
right fairing pocket: 1.1 lb (0.5 kg)
The weight of added accessories will
reduce the maximum cargo weight you
can carry.
The left and right fairing pockets are for
lightweight items.
44
Before Riding
09/12/14 14:48:53 31MGF610 0054 Load Limits & Guidelines
center compartment;
weight limit − 22 lb (10 kg)
left fairing pocket;
weight limit − 2.0 lb (1.0 kg)
Loading Guidelines
Your scooter is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You
may wish to secure a jacket or other small
items to the seat when you are not riding
with a passenger.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check
with your Honda dealer for advice, and be
sure to read the information regarding
accessories on page 5 .
right fairing pocket;
weight limit − 1.1 lb (0.5 kg)
Before Riding
45
09/12/14 14:49:00 31MGF610 0055 Load Limits & Guidelines
Improperly loading your scooter can
affect its stability and handling. Even if
your scooter is properly loaded, you
should ride at reduced speeds and never
exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying
cargo.
46
Before Riding
Follow these guidelines whenever you
carry a passenger or cargo:
Check that both tires are properly
inflated, and that pressure in the rear
tire is increased to suit the load
(page 142 ).
If you change your normal load, you
may need to adjust the rear suspension
(page 133 ).
To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied
down securely before you ride.
Place cargo weight as low and close to
the center of your scooter as possible.
Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
09/12/14 14:49:06 31MGF610 0056 Cargo Compartments
Center Compartment
(1)
(4)
The center compartment ( 1 ) is designed to
carry up to 22 lb (10 kg).
(3)
However, regardless of compartment
capacity, be sure you do not exceed the
maximum load and cargo weight limits.
To Open the Center Compartment
Insert the ignition key (2) into the seat
lock (3) and turn it clockwise.
(5)
To Close the Center Compartment
1. Lower and push down on the opposite
side of the hooks (4) until it locks.
2. Remove the ignition key from the seat
lock.
(1) center compartment
(2) ignition key
(3) seat lock
(4) hooks
(5) seat catch
(2)
Before Riding
47
09/12/14 14:49:10 31MGF610 0057 Cargo Compartments
Before riding, make sure the seat is closed
securely. If not closed, the center
compartment light will remain lit,
resulting in battery discharge.
Do not place luggage or clothing near the
seat catch ( 5 ). It could make the seat
difficult to open if it gets caught between
the seat hook and catch while closing the
seat.
48
Before Riding
09/12/14 14:49:21 31MGF610 0058 Cargo Compartments
Left Fairing Pocket
The left fairing pocket ( 1 ) is for
lightweight items.
Cargo in the left fairing pocket should not
exceed:
2.0 lb (1.0 kg)
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your scooter.
To Open the Left Fairing Pocket
Insert the ignition key (2) and turn it
clockwise.
Raise the knob ( 3 ) by pushing it, then
open the left fairing pocket cover ( 4 ).
To Close the Left Fairing Pocket
Close the left fairing pocket cover and
turn the ignition key counterclockwise.
Remove the ignition key.
Make sure the cover is closed securely.
BELOW HANDLEBAR
(1)
(3)
(2)
(1) left fairing pocket
(2) ignition key
(4)
(3) knob
(4) left fairing
pocket cover
Before Riding
49
09/12/14 14:49:30 31MGF610 0059 Cargo Compartments
Right Fairing Pocket
The right fairing pocket ( 1 ) is for
lightweight items.
Cargo in the right fairing pocket should
not exceed:
1.1 lb (0.5 kg)
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your scooter.
To Open the Right Fairing Pocket
Raise the knob ( 2 ) by pushing it, then
open the right fairing pocket cover ( 3 ).
To Close the Right Fairing Pocket
Push the cover closed and check that it is
secure.
50
Before Riding
BELOW HANDLEBAR
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) right fairing pocket
(2) knob
(3) right fairing pocket cover
Do not open and close the right fairing
pocket while riding the scooter.
Do not store valuables or fragile articles in
the right fairing pocket.
09/12/14 14:49:38 31MGF610 0060 Comfort & Convenience
Adjustable Backrest
(1)
The seat is equipped with a backrest ( 1 )
which allows the seat to be adjusted to the
rider’s preference.
To Adjust the Backrest
Open the seat (page 47 ), remove the bolts
( 2 ) on the back and move the backrest
back and forth to the rider’s preference.
Install the bolts.
After cleaning or riding in the rain, wipe
off water collected under the backrest
before riding the scooter again.
(2)
(1) backrest
(2) bolts
Before Riding
51
09/12/14 14:49:43 31MGF610 0061 Comfort & Convenience
Trunk Light
(1)
The trunk light ( 1 ) turns ON
automatically when the seat is opened. It
remains ON as long as the seat is opened
regardless of the position of the ignition
switch.
(1) trunk light
52
Before Riding
09/12/14 14:49:54 31MGF610 0062 Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle and
brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with a passenger or
cargo.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 203 ).
To protect the catalytic converter in your
scooter’s exhaust system, avoid extended
idling and the use of leaded gasoline.
Safe Riding Precautions ..........................54
Starting & Stopping the Engine ..............55
Preparation...........................................55
Starting Procedure ...............................56
Flooded Engine ...................................59
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off
System .................................................59
How to Stop the Engine ......................60
Riding ......................................................61
Braking ....................................................68
Parking .....................................................72
Theft-prevention Tips .........................75
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ...........76
Basic Operation & Riding
53
09/12/14 14:49:58 31MGF610 0063 Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your scooter for the first
time, please review the Scooter Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on
page 35 .
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when riding,
idling, or parking your scooter.
54
Basic Operation & Riding
09/12/14 14:50:09 31MGF610 0064 Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your scooter’s exhaust contains
poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can
collect rapidly in an enclosed area and
cause illness or death.
Your scooter is equipped with a side stand
ignition cut-off system. If the side stand is
down––the engine cannot be started.
Do not use the electric starter for more
than 5 seconds at a time. Release the start
button for approximately 10 seconds
before pressing it again.
Operate the start button for slightly longer
than usual without opening the throttle if
the scooter has been left standing for a
long time or when the fuel tank has just
been refilled.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
The PGM-FI malfunction indicator
lamp (MIL) is OFF.
The high coolant temperature indicator
is OFF.
The V-matic indicator is OFF.
The ABS indicator light is ON.
(FSC600A)
Basic Operation & Riding
55
09/12/14 14:50:16 31MGF610 0065 Starting & Stopping the Engine
Starting Procedure
2. Lock the rear wheel by squeezing the
rear brake lever ( 1 ) and setting the
parking brake lever ( 2 ).
This scooter has a fuel-injected engine
with an automatic fast idle. Follow the
procedure indicated below.
Any Air Temperature
1. Place the scooter on its center stand.
Contact with the spinning rear
wheel can cause you to be hurt.
Set the parking brake when the
scooter is on its center stand.
The electric starter will only work when
the rear brake lever is pulled in and the
side stand is up.
56
Basic Operation & Riding
09/12/14 14:50:24 31MGF610 0066 Starting & Stopping the Engine
LEFT HANDLEBAR
3. Make sure the engine stop switch is at
RUN.
4. Turn the ignition switch ( 3 ) ON.
(1)
The low oil pressure indicator should go
off a few seconds after the engine starts.
If the low oil pressure indicator lights
during operation, stop the engine
immediately and check the engine oil level.
(1) rear brake lever
(2)
BELOW HANDLEBAR
ON
(3)
(2) parking brake lever
(3) ignition switch
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
57
09/12/14 14:50:32 31MGF610 0067 Starting & Stopping the Engine
5. With the throttle closed, push the start
button ( 4 ). Release the start button as
soon as the engine starts.
The engine will not start if the throttle is
fully open (because the electronic control
module cuts off the fuel supply).
6. Be sure to keep the throttle ( 5 ) closed
and the parking brake locked while
starting and warming up the engine.
7. Allow the engine to warm up before
riding (see Riding, page 61 ).
Do not ‘‘blip’’ (rapidly open and close)
the throttle. This action may cause the
scooter to move forward suddenly.
CLOSED
(5)
PUSH
(4)
(4) start button
58
Basic Operation & Riding
(5) throttle
Snapping the throttle or fast idling for
more than about 5 minutes at normal air
temperature may cause exhaust pipe
discoloration.
09/12/14 14:50:42 31MGF610 0068 Starting & Stopping the Engine
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded with excess
fuel. To clear a flooded engine:
1. Leave the engine stop switch set to
RUN.
2. Open the throttle fully.
3. Press the start button for 5 seconds.
4. Follow the normal starting procedure.
5. If the engine starts, open the throttle
slightly if idling is unstable.
If the engine does not start, wait 10
seconds, then follow steps 1 − 4 again.
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition
Cut-off System
Your scooter’s banking (lean angle) sensor
system is designed to automatically stop
the engine and fuel pump if the scooter is
overturned.
Before restarting the engine, you must
turn the ignition switch to the OFF
position and then back to ON. The engine
will not restart until you perform this
procedure.
If the engine still won’t start, refer to If
Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start,
page 173 .
Basic Operation & Riding
59
09/12/14 14:50:48 31MGF610 0069 Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, turn the ignition switch
OFF.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your scooter is stopped with the engine
stop switch OFF and the ignition switch
ON, the headlight, position light, taillight,
and license light will remain on, resulting
in battery discharge.
60
Basic Operation & Riding
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
09/12/14 14:50:54 31MGF610 0070 Riding
1. To prevent unexpected movement,
make sure the throttle is closed and the
parking brake is locked (page 32 )
before moving the scooter off its center
stand.
2. Stand on the left side of the scooter and
push it forward and off the center stand.
(1)
(1) parking brake lever
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
61
09/12/14 14:50:59 31MGF610 0071 Riding
3. Mount the scooter from the left side,
keeping at least one foot on the ground
to steady the scooter.
4. To unlock the rear wheel, release the
parking brake lever ( 1 ).
(1)
(1) parking brake lever
62
Basic Operation & Riding
09/12/14 14:51:07 31MGF610 0072 Riding
5. Before starting off, indicate your
direction with the turn signals, and
check for safe traffic conditions. Grasp
the handlebars firmly with both hands.
6. To accelerate, open the throttle ( 2 )
gradually. The scooter will move
forward.
Do not blip (rapidly open and close) the
throttle as the scooter will move forward
suddenly.
7. To decelerate, close the throttle.
CLOSED
OPEN
(2)
(2) throttle
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
63
09/12/14 14:51:13 31MGF610 0073 Riding
8. To slow the scooter, reduce the throttle
( 2 ) and apply the front ( 3 ) and rear ( 4 )
brakes together.
Using only one brake reduces stopping
performance.
FSC600 only:
These models are not equipped with an
Anti-lock Brake System. Excessive brake
application may cause either wheel to lock,
reducing control of the scooter.
CLOSED
(2)
(2) throttle
(4)
(3) front brake lever
(4) rear brake lever
64
Basic Operation & Riding
(3)
09/12/14 14:51:20 31MGF610 0074 Riding
9. When approaching a corner or turn,
slow the scooter by closing the throttle
( 2 ) fully and applying both the front
( 3 ) and rear ( 4 ) brakes at the same
time.
10. After completing a turn, open the
throttle gradually to accelerate the
scooter.
CLOSED
(2)
(4)
(2) throttle
(3) front brake lever
(3)
(4) rear brake lever
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
65
09/12/14 14:51:25 31MGF610 0075 Riding
11. When descending a steep grade, close
the throttle ( 2 ) fully and apply both the
front ( 3 ) and rear ( 4 ) brakes to slow
the scooter.
Avoid continued use of the brakes,
which may cause the brakes to overheat
and reduce braking efficiency.
CLOSED
(3)
(4)
(2)
(2) throttle
66
(3) front brake lever
Basic Operation & Riding
(4) rear brake lever
09/12/14 14:51:29 31MGF610 0076 Riding
12. When riding in wet or rainy conditions
or loose surfaces, the ability to
maneuver and stop is reduced. For your
safety:
Exercise extreme caution when
braking, accelerating, or turning.
Ride at slower speeds and allow for
extra stopping distance.
Keep the scooter as upright as
possible.
Use extreme caution when riding
over slippery surface such as railroad
tracks, iron plates, manhole covers,
painted lines, etc.
Basic Operation & Riding
67
09/12/14 14:51:35 31MGF610 0077 Braking
Your scooter is equipped with a Combined
Braking System. Operating the front brake
lever applies the front brake. Operating
the rear brake lever applies the rear brake
and a portion of the front brake. For full
braking effectiveness, use the front and
rear brake levers simultaneously.
FSC600A only:
This model is also equipped with an Antilock Brake System (page 70 ).
FSC600 only:
This model is not equipped with an AntiLock Brake System. As with a
conventional scooter braking system,
excessively hard application of the brake
controls may cause wheel lock, reducing
control of the scooter.
68
Basic Operation & Riding
To slow or stop, apply the front and rear
brake levers smoothly.
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed.
For support, before coming to a complete
stop, put your left foot down first, then
your right foot down.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your scooter. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
09/12/14 14:51:41 31MGF610 0078 Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your scooter.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 38 ) to retain these skills.
For your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade,
use both brakes intermittently.
Continuous brake application can
overheat the brakes and reduce their
effectiveness.
Riding with your hand on either brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving
a false indication to other drivers. It
may also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control.
Basic Operation & Riding
69
09/12/14 14:51:48 31MGF610 0079 Braking
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
FSC600A only:
This model is also equipped with an Antilock Brake System (ABS) designed to help
prevent wheel lock up during hard braking
on uneven or other poor surfaces while
running straight. Although the wheel may
not lock up−if you are braking too hard
in a turn the scooter can still lose traction,
causing a loss of control.
In some situations, a scooter with ABS
may require a longer stopping distance to
stop on loose or uneven surfaces than an
equivalent scooter without ABS.
ABS cannot make up for road conditions,
bad judgment, or improper operation of
70
Basic Operation & Riding
the brakes. It is still your responsibility to
ride at reasonable speeds for weather, road
surface, and traffic conditions, and to
leave a margin of safety.
ABS is self-checking and is always on.
ABS may be activated by riding over a
sharp drop or rise in the road level.
It is important to follow the tire
recommendations (page 148 ). The ABS
computer works by comparing wheel
speed. Non-recommended tires can affect
wheel speed and may confuse the ABS
computer.
ABS does not function at low speeds
(approximately 6 mph (10 km/h) or
below).
ABS does not function if the battery is
discharged.
09/12/14 14:51:53 31MGF610 0080 Braking
ABS Indicator Light
FSC600A only:
Normally, this light comes on when the
ignition is turned ON, and goes off after
you ride the scooter at speed above 6 mph
(10 km/h). If there is an ABS problem, the
indicator light comes on and remains on.
The ABS system does not operate when
the ABS indicator light is on.
If the ABS indicator light comes on while
riding, stop the scooter in a safe place and
turn off the engine.
Turn the ignition ON again. The light
should come on, and go off after you ride
the scooter at speeds above 6 mph
(10 km/h). If it does not go off, ABS is
not functioning, but the brakes still work
the Combined Brake System and provide
normal stopping ability. However, you
should have the system checked by Honda
dealer as soon as possible.
The ABS indicator light may come on if
you turn the rear wheel at high speed for
more than 30 seconds while the scooter is
upright on the stand. This is normal. Turn
the ignition OFF, then turn it ON. The
indicator should come on, then go off
after you run the scooter above 19 mph
(30 km/h).
Basic Operation & Riding
71
09/12/14 14:52:01 31MGF610 0081 Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm,
especially under the center stand.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when
parking your scooter. Refer to Catalytic
Converter, page 211 .
If you must park on a hill, position the
rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree
angle.
2. Use the side or center stand to support
the scooter while parked.
To lower the side stand, use your
foot to guide it down.
Check that the side stand is down all
the way so that the side stand ignition
cut-off system (page 55 ) is activated.
To lower the center stand, stand on
the left side of the scooter. Hold the
left handle grip and the left passenger
handrail. Press down on the tip of the
stand with your right foot and,
simultaneously, pull up and back.
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the stand
for support.
USE CENTER STAND
72
Basic Operation & Riding
09/12/18 09:34:00 31MGF610_082
Parking
3. Use the steering lock, which locks the
handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar
all the way to the left or right. Push in
on the ignition key ( 1 ) and turn it to
LOCK. Remove the key.
(To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push the key in and turn it to the right to
the OFF position.)
LOCK STEERING
To lock
(A)
(B)
(1)
(C)
(A)
To unlock
(1) ignition key
(A) push in
(B) turn to LOCK
(C) turn to OFF
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
73
09/12/14 14:52:14 31MGF610 0083 Parking
4. Use the helmet holder to secure your
helmet with your scooter:
Open the seat (page 47 ).
Hang your helmet on the holder hook
( 2 ).
Close the seat. Check that it is locked.
(2)
(2) holder hook
74
Basic Operation & Riding
09/12/14 14:52:21 31MGF610 0084 Parking
Theft-prevention Tips
Park your scooter in a locked garage
whenever possible. If a garage isn’t
available, park in a concealed area or in
a well-lit area with enough pedestrian
traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 73 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked scooter to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a scooter to a secure
object.
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your scooter. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your scooter is stolen and recovered.
Basic Operation & Riding
75
09/12/14 14:52:27 31MGF610 0085 Riding with a Passenger or Cargo
Your scooter is designed to carry you and
one passenger. Whenever you add a
passenger or cargo, you must be careful
not to exceed the total load limits for this
vehicle (Load Limits, page 44 ). Make
sure your cargo is properly secured
(Loading Guidelines, page 45 ).
Also consider adjusting the suspension
(page 133 ) for the extra load.
Be aware that carrying a passenger or
heavy cargo can affect acceleration,
braking, and handling.
76
Basic Operation & Riding
Before riding with a passenger, make sure
your passenger is wearing the proper
protective apparel (page 36 ).
Tell your passenger to hold the passenger
handrails or your waist, lean with you in
the turns, and keep their feet on the
passenger footpegs at all times, even when
the scooter is stopped at a traffic light.
09/12/14 14:52:36 31MGF610 0086 Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your scooter in good shape,
this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), see page 204 .
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance .............80
Maintenance Safety .................................81
Important Safety Precautions ..............82
Periodic Maintenance ..............................84
Maintenance Schedule ............................86
Maintenance Record................................91
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 185 .
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
77
09/12/14 14:52:53 31MGF610 0087 Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations .......93
Tool Kit....................................................96
Owner’s Manual Storage.........................97
Rear Cover Removal ...............................98
Left Side Cover Removal........................99
Right Side Cover Removal ................. 101
Right Fairing Pocket Removal ............ 103
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................
Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen...
Coolant.................................................
Air Cleaner ..........................................
Crankcase Breather .............................
78
Servicing Your Honda
104
108
118
122
124
Engine
Throttle ................................................ 125
Engine Idle Speed................................ 127
Spark Plugs .......................................... 129
Chassis
Suspension ...........................................
Brakes ..................................................
Tires .....................................................
Side Stand ............................................
132
135
142
150
Electrical
Battery ................................................. 151
Appearance Care ................................. 156
09/12/14 14:53:06 31MGF610 0088 Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your scooter. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your scooter’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
40
84
Periodic Maintenance
86
Maintenance Schedule
*
**
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your scooter
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
Servicing Your Honda
79
09/12/14 14:53:11 31MGF610 0089 The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained scooter will also help
to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your scooter before each ride, perform the
periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your scooter overturns or is involved in
a crash, be sure your Honda dealer
inspects all major parts, even if you are
able to make some repairs.
80
Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:53:16 31MGF610 0090 Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the tools provided with your scooter.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
81
09/12/14 14:53:22 31MGF610 0091 Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot scooter parts. Let the
engine and exhaust system cool before
touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
82
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the scooter from falling
over, park it on a firm, level surface,
using the side stand, center stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
Be sure the rear brake lock is set before
running the engine while the scooter is
supported by the center stand. This will
prevent the rear wheel from spinning
and avoid the possibility of someone
being injured from contacting the wheel.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
09/12/14 14:53:26 31MGF610 0092 Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. To ensure the best
quality and reliability, use only new
Honda Genuine Parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual
(page 216 ).
Servicing Your Honda
83
09/12/14 14:53:30 31MGF610 0093 Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 86 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 40 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your scooter, or as often as once a
week if you ride frequently or for long
distances. It’s a good idea to perform this
maintenance any time you clean your
scooter.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 86 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
84
Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:53:40 31MGF610 0094 Periodic Maintenance
Tires
&
Wheels
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 142 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 144 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 144 ). Roll your scooter so you can inspect the entire
surface.
Check the condition of the wheels.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 112 ), coolant (page 119 ),
and brake fluid (page 136 ). Add the correct fluid as necessary, and
investigate the cause of any low fluid level.
Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the parking brake lever (page 141 ), and throttle
grip.
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Servicing Your Honda
85
09/12/14 14:53:45 31MGF610 0095 Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your scooter serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your scooter serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
86
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 216 ).
09/12/14 14:53:51 31MGF610 0096 Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only Honda
Genuine Parts or their equivalents for
repair or replacement to ensure the best
quality and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 40 )
and owner maintenance (page 86 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 216 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
87
09/12/14 14:53:59 31MGF610 0097 Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.
3. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden often at full throttle or in the rain.
4. Inspect every 12,000 mi (19,200 km)
after replacement.
5. Replace every 2 years, or at indicated
odometer interval, whichever comes
first. Replacement requires mechanical
skill.
6. Replace every 2 years.
Replacement requires mechanical skill.
88
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
09/12/14 14:54:09 31MGF610 0098 Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
EMISSIONS-RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
FUEL LINE
THROTTLE OPERATION
AIR CLEANER
CRANKCASE BREATHER
SPARK PLUG
VALVE CLEARANCE
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL FILTER
ENGINE OIL STRAINER
SCREEN
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
RADIATOR COOLANT
COOLING SYSTEM
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
SYSTEM
EVAPORATIVE EMISSION
CONTROL SYSTEM
2
3
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
20
24
12
16
8
4
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
R
R
R
I
INITIAL= 600 mi (1,000 km) or 1 month: R
REGULAR= EVERY 8,000 mi (12,800 km)
or 12 months: R
R
R
R
R
C
C
C
0.6
1.0
I
5
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to
page
−
125
122
124
129
−
108
113
113
I
R
I
I
127
118
−
−
I
ー
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 216 ).
Servicing Your Honda
89
09/12/14 14:54:19 31MGF610 0099 Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
NON-EMISSION-RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
*
*
**
90
*
*
**
*
*
**
**
DRIVE BELT
BELT CASE AIR CLEANER
FINAL DRIVE OIL
BRAKE FLUID
BRAKE PADS WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKE LOCK OPERATION
HEADLIGHT AIM
CLUTCH SHOES WEAR
SIDE STAND
SUSPENSION
NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
WHEELS/TIRES
STEERING HEAD BEARINGS
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
4
0.6
1.0
6
5
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
24
20
16
12
8
4
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
I
R
I
C
C
C
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to
page
−
−
−
136
139
135
32
−
−
150
−
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 216 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:54:26 31MGF610 0100 Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your scooter is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the scooter
is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the scooter to the new owner. Make sure
whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance,
including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner
operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record
anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600 (1,000)
4,000 (6,400)
8,000 (12,800)
12,000 (19,200)
16,000 (25,600)
20,000 (32,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
91
09/12/14 14:54:32 31MGF610 0101 Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
24,000 (38,400)
28,000 (44,800)
32,000 (51,200)
36,000 (57,600)
40,000 (64,000)
44,000 (70,400)
48,000 (76,800)
52,000 (83,200)
56,000 (89,600)
60,000 (96,000)
64,000 (102,400)
68,000 (108,800)
92
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
09/12/14 14:54:36 31MGF610 0102 Maintenance Component Locations
rear brake fluid reservoir
front brake fluid reservoir
front brake lever
rear brake lever
throttle grip
Servicing Your Honda
93
09/12/14 14:54:41 31MGF610 0103 Maintenance Component Locations
air cleaner
owner’s manual
tool kit
storage compartment
coolant
reserve tank
rear suspension
spring pre-load
adjuster
parking
brake lever
fuel fill cap
rear brake caliper
94
engine oil filter
Servicing Your Honda
engine oil filler cap/dipstick
throttle stop screw
(engine idle speed)
09/12/14 14:54:45 31MGF610 0104 Maintenance Component Locations
spark plugs
fuse box
fuse box
main fuse B
main fuse A
battery
front brake caliper
crankcase breather tube
rear suspension
spring pre-load
adjuster
engine oil strainer screen
engine oil strainer cap
Servicing Your Honda
95
09/12/14 14:54:51 31MGF610 0105 Tool Kit
The tool kit ( 1 ) is stored in the storage
compartment ( 2 ) under the seat (page 47 ).
An optional, larger tool kit may be
available. Check with your Honda dealer’s
parts department.
UNDER SEAT
(2)
(1)
(1) tool kit
96
(2) storage compartment
Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:54:56 31MGF610 0106 Owner’s Manual Storage
Your scooter provides storage for the
owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you
for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag ( 1 ) in the storage
compartment ( 2 ) under the seat.
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your scooter.
UNDER SEAT
(2)
(1)
(1) plastic storage bag
(2) storage compartment
Servicing Your Honda
97
09/12/14 14:55:03 31MGF610 0107 Rear Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
The rear cover must be removed to
remove the left and right side cover.
(2)
Removal
1. Remove the screws (1).
2. Remove the rear cover (2).
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(1)
(1) screws
98
Servicing Your Honda
(2) rear cover
09/12/14 14:55:10 31MGF610 0108 Left Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
(1)
The left side cover must be removed to
service the main fuse A.
Removal
1. Remove the rear cover (page 98).
2. Open the seat (page 47).
3. Remove the A screws (1) and B screw
(2).
(2)
(1) A screws
(2) B screw
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
99
09/12/14 14:55:17 31MGF610 0109 Left Side Cover Removal
4. Remove the A hook (3) from the side of
turn signal light case (4).
5. Remove the B hooks (5) from the B
slots (6).
6. Remove the prongs (7) from the
grommets (8).
7. Remove the C hooks (9) from the C
slots (10).
(8)
(10)
(6) (4)
(6)
(8)
(5)
(3)
(5)
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(7)
(7)
(9)
(3) A hook
(7) prongs
(4) turn signal light case (8) grommets
(5) B hooks
(9) C hooks
(6) B slots
(10) C slots
100 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:55:24 31MGF610 0110 Right Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
(1)
The right side cover must be removed to
service the air cleaner.
Removal
1. Remove the rear cover (page 98).
2. Open the seat (page 47).
3. Remove the A screws (1).
(1) A screws
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
101
09/12/14 14:55:31 31MGF610 0111 Right Side Cover Removal
4. Remove the A hook (2) from the side of
turn signal light case (3).
5. Remove the B hooks (4) from the B
slots (5).
6. Remove the prongs (6) from the
grommets (7).
7. Remove the C hooks (8) from the C
slots (9).
(3)
(5)
(7)
(9)
(5)
(2)
(7)
(4)
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(8)
(6)
(8)
(6)
(2) A hook
(3) turn signal light case
(4) B hooks
(5) B slots
102 Servicing Your Honda
(6) prongs
(7) grommets
(8) C hooks
(9) C slots
09/12/14 14:55:41 31MGF610 0112 Right Fairing Pocket Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
The right fairing pocket must be removed
to access the coolant reserve tank.
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
Removal
1. Open the right fairing pocket cover
(page 50 ).
2. Remove the screw (1).
3. Pry up on the edge of the right fairing
pocket ( 2 ) to release the right and left
hooks ( 3 ) as shown.
4. Close the right fairing pocket cover.
5. Remove the right fairing pocket by
pulling it toward you.
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(2)
(3)
(1)
(3)
(1) screw
(2) right fairing pocket
(3) hooks
Servicing Your Honda
103
09/12/14 14:55:48 31MGF610 0113 Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
Use only unleaded fuel in your Honda.
The use of leaded fuel will damage the
catalytic converter(s). If you ride your
Honda in a country where leaded fuel
might be available, take precautions to use
only unleaded fuel.
104 Servicing Your Honda
Your engine is designed to use any
unleaded gasoline that has a pump octane
number of 86 or higher. Gasoline pumps
at service stations normally display the
pump octane number. For information on
the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 212 .
09/12/14 14:55:53 31MGF610 0114 Fuel
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
105
09/12/14 14:56:00 31MGF610 0115 Fuel
Fuel Capacity
Refueling Procedure
Fuel tank capacity:
4.23 US gal (16.0 )
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
The tank should be refilled as soon as
possible when the E segment in the fuel
gauge flashes.
(1)
(1) fuel tank lid
1. Open the fuel tank lid ( 1 ).
106 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:56:08 31MGF610 0116 Fuel
2. Insert the ignition key ( 2 ) in the fuel
fill cap ( 3 ) and turn it clockwise.
3. Remove the fuel fill cap by turning it
counterclockwise.
4. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck ( 4 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
(4)
(2)
(3)
(2) ignition key
(3) fuel fill cap
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
5. After refueling, install the fuel fill cap
by turning it clockwise.
6. Turn the ignition key counterclockwise
and remove it.
7. Close the fuel tank lid.
(4) filler neck
Servicing Your Honda
107
09/12/14 14:56:14 31MGF610 0117 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
Using the proper oil (page 109 ) and filter,
and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and
deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage
your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage
to the engine and transmission.
108 Servicing Your Honda
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 89 .
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
09/12/14 14:56:22 31MGF610 0118 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-30
suggested oil*
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or an
equivalent motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
MA
Servicing Your Honda
109
09/12/14 14:56:31 31MGF610 0119 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
Your scooter does not need oil additives.
Use the recommended oil.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication
and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
110 Servicing Your Honda
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
09/12/14 14:56:36 31MGF610 0120 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle
engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled
on the oil container. For example, the
following label shows the MA
classification.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company
of the oil
(2) oil classification
Servicing Your Honda
111
09/12/14 14:56:45 31MGF610 0121 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) oil filler cap/dipstick
(2) upper level mark
(3) lower level mark
112 Servicing Your Honda
1. Park your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick ( 1 ) and
wipe it clean.
5. Insert the oil fill cap/dipstick until it
seats, but don’t screw it in.
09/12/14 14:56:52 31MGF610 0122 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
6. Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick and
check the oil level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark ( 2 ) –– you do not have to add
oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark ( 3 ) –– add the
recommended oil until it reaches the
upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
7. Reinstall the oil fill cap/dipstick.
8. Check for oil leaks.
Changing Engine Oil & Filter
and Cleaning Engine Oil
Strainer Screen
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench, as well as a means for disposing
of the drained fluid (page 170 ). If you do
not have the skills or the tools, see your
Honda dealer.
Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in
leaks or engine damage.
Servicing Your Honda
113
09/12/14 14:57:02 31MGF610 0123 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the oil plug ( 1 ).
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap/dipstick ( 2 ), oil plug, O-ring ( 3 ),
spring ( 4 ) and oil strainer screen ( 5 ).
UNDER ENGINE
(5)
(4)
(3)
(1)
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
114 Servicing Your Honda
(1) oil plug
(2) oil filler cap/
dipstick
(3) O-ring
(4) spring
(5) oil strainer
screen
09/12/14 14:57:09 31MGF610 0124 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
Install a New Oil Filter:
5. Remove the oil filter ( 6 ) with a filter
wrench and let the remaining oil drain
out. Discard the oil filter in an approved
manner (page 170 ).
6. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 170 ).
UNDER ENGINE
(6)
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
(6) oil filter
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
115
09/12/14 14:57:18 31MGF610 0125 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
7. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the
rubber seal ( 7 ) of a new oil filter.
(7)
(7) rubber seal
8. Install the new oil filter and tighten it by
hand.
9. Using an oil filter wrench attachment
and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil
filter to the specified torque:
19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
116 Servicing Your Honda
10. Clean the oil strainer screen.
11. Check the oil strainer screen, sealing
rubber, and oil plug O-ring are in good
condition.
12. Install the oil strainer screen, spring,
and oil plug. Tighten the oil plug to the
specified torque:
11 lbf·ft (15 N·m , 1.5 kgf·m)
13. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 109 ),
approximately:
2.3 US qt (2.2 )
14. Install the oil fill cap/dipstick securely.
09/12/14 14:57:25 31MGF610 0126 Engine Oil, Filter & Strainer Screen
15. Lock the rear wheel (page 32 ).
16. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
17. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
18. With the scooter on its center stand,
check that the oil level is at upper level
mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick.
19. Check that there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Servicing Your Honda
117
09/12/14 14:57:32 31MGF610 0127 Coolant
Your scooter’s liquid cooling system
dissipates engine heat through the coolant
jacket that surrounds the cylinder and
cylinder head.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the
cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and
corrosion.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an
equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for
use in aluminum engines. Check the
antifreeze container label.
118 Servicing Your Honda
Use only distilled water as a part of the
coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to
the aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and water in this scooter. This
coolant solution is recommended for most
operating temperatures and provides good
corrosion protection.
09/12/14 14:57:38 31MGF610 0128 Coolant
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze
to less than 40% will not provide proper
corrosion protection.
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze
is not recommended because it decreases
cooling system performance. Higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%)
should only be used to provide additional
protection against freezing. Check the
cooling system frequently during freezing
weather.
RIGHT FRONT
(1)
(2)
(1) UPPER level mark
(2) LOWER level mark
Servicing Your Honda
119
09/12/14 14:57:45 31MGF610 0129 Coolant
1. With the engine at normal operating
temperature, check the coolant level in
the reserve tank. It should be between
the UPPER ( 1 ) and LOWER ( 2 ) level
marks.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for
leaks and see your Honda dealer for
repair.
2. Remove the right fairing pocket (page
103 ).
3. Remove the reserve tank cap ( 3 ).
Always add coolant to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
4. Add coolant to the reserve tank as
required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
5. Reinstall the right fairing pocket.
120 Servicing Your Honda
(3)
(1)
(1) UPPER level mark
(3) reserve tank cap
09/12/14 14:57:52 31MGF610 0130 Coolant
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 216 ).
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant,
refer to You & the Environment,
page 170 .
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
Servicing Your Honda
121
09/12/14 14:57:58 31MGF610 0131 Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Service the air cleaner more frequently if
you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Your Honda dealer can help you
determine the correct service interval for
your riding conditions.
Your scooter’s air cleaner has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new Honda Genuine air cleaner specified
for your model or an air cleaner of
equivalent quality.
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine wear.
122 Servicing Your Honda
Proper air cleaner maintenance can
prevent premature engine wear or damage,
expensive repairs, low engine power, poor
gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance
and premature engine wear.
09/12/14 14:58:07 31MGF610 0132 Air Cleaner
RIGHT SIDE
Replacement
(5)
(6)
1. Remove the right side cover (page 101).
2. Release the wire harness ( 1 ) from the
guide ( 2 ).
3. Remove the A screws (3) that secure the
air cleaner housing cover (4).
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
(4)
(3)
(3)
(1) wire harness
(2) guide
(1)
(2)
(3)
(3) A screws
(4) air cleaner
housing cover
(5) B screw
(6) air cleaner
4. Remove the B screw (5) that secures the
air cleaner (6).
5. Discard the air cleaner.
6. Install a new air cleaner.
7. Install the removed parts in reverse
order of removal.
Servicing Your Honda
123
09/12/14 14:58:13 31MGF610 0133 Crankcase Breather
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Service the crankcase breather more
frequently if your scooter is ridden in the
rain or often at full throttle. Service the
breather if you can see deposits in the
transparent section of the drain tube.
Draining
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) crankcase breather tube plug
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
breather tube plug ( 1 ).
2. Remove the plug to drain the deposits in
the tube.
3. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube
plug.
124 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:58:24 31MGF610 0134 Throttle
Throttle Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Inspection
Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.
Freeplay:
1/16−1/4 in (2−6 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(−)
(3)
(+)
(2)
(1) throttle cable boot
(2) adjuster
(3) lock nut
(1)
(+) increase
(−) decrease
Adjustment
1. Slide the throttle cable boot ( 1 ) off the
adjuster ( 2 ).
2. Loosen the lock nut ( 3 ).
3. Turn the adjuster.
4. Tighten the lock nut and return the
throttle cable boot securely over the
adjuster.
5. After adjustment, check for smooth
rotation of the throttle grip from fully
closed to fully open in all steering
positions.
Servicing Your Honda
125
09/12/14 14:58:29 31MGF610 0135 Throttle
Throttle Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
2. Check for smooth rotation of the
throttle from fully open to fully closed
in all steering positions. If there is a
problem, see your Honda dealer.
126 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:58:37 31MGF610 0136 Engine Idle Speed
Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a
‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your
engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting
the idle will not compensate for a fault
elsewhere.
Idle Speed Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
UNDER SEAT
(1)
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed
adjustment.
(+)
(−)
(1) throttle stop screw
(+) increase
(−) decrease
1. If the engine is cold, start it and warm it
up with 10 minutes of stop-and-go
riding. Stop the engine.
2. Place your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
127
09/12/14 14:58:43 31MGF610 0137 Engine Idle Speed
3. Open the seat (page 47 ).
4. Lock the rear wheel by lowering
parking brake lever and squeezing the
rear brake lever (page 32 ). Start the
engine.
5. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw ( 1 ).
Idle speed:
1,300 ± 100 rpm
128 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:58:53 31MGF610 0138 Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard
spark plug
CR8EH-9 (NGK)
or
U24FER9 (DENSO)
Use only the recommended type of spark
plugs in the recommended heat range.
Spark Plug Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
1. Open the seat (page 47 ).
2. Remove the screws ( 1 ).
3. Close the seat.
4. Push the plug maintenance lid ( 2 )
backward.
Using spark plugs with an improper heat
range can cause engine damage.
(1)
(2)
(1) screws
(1)
(2) plug maintenance lid
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
129
09/12/14 14:59:00 31MGF610 0139 Spark Plugs
5. Remove the plug maintenance lid ( 2 ).
(2)
6. Disconnect the spark plug caps ( 3 ).
Take care to avoid damaging the spark
plug wire when disconnecting the caps.
7. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug bases.
Using a spark plug wrench ( 4 ), remove
the spark plugs.
(3)
(2) plug maintenance lid
(3) spark plug caps
(4) spark plug wrench
130 Servicing Your Honda
(4)
09/12/14 14:59:08 31MGF610 0140 Spark Plugs
8. Discard the spark plugs.
9. With the plug washers attached, thread
the spark plugs in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
10. Tighten each spark plug:
If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
If installing a new plug, tighten it
twice to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK: 1/2 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 1 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
Improperly tightened spark plugs can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too
tight, the threads may be damaged.
11. Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care
to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
12. Install the remaining parts in the
reverse order of removal.
Servicing Your Honda
131
09/12/14 14:59:14 31MGF610 0141 Suspension
Your front and rear suspension systems
use springs and hydraulic damping devices
that suspend your weight and most of the
weight of your scooter.
The spring pre-load for your rear
suspension system adjusts the amount of
force required to begin compression of the
spring.
Consider adjusting your rear suspension
pre-load whenever you change your
normal load, when adding or subtracting a
passenger, cargo, or accessories, or when
the road or riding conditions change.
The way you ride your scooter and the
type of ride you want to experience can
also influence your suspension needs.
Lower spring pre-load provides a softer
ride and is usually preferred for light loads
and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load
provides a firmer ride and is
recommended for heavy loads, rough road
conditions, and faster, more challenging
riding.
132 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:59:22 31MGF610 0142 Suspension
Rear Suspension Adjustment
The rear suspension can be adjusted for
rider (and passenger) weight and riding
conditions by changing the spring pre-load.
Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load
LEFT SIDE (right side similar)
(2)
1 2
3
5 4
(3)
To adjust, use an appropriate pin spanner
or see your Honda dealer.
Do not attempt to disassemble, service, or
dispose of the damper; see your Honda
dealer. The instructions found in this
owner’s manual are limited to adjustments
of the shock assembly only.
(1)
(1) spring pre-load adjuster
(2) pin spanner
(3) shock absorber
Servicing Your Honda
133
09/12/14 14:59:29 31MGF610 0143 Suspension
The spring pre-load adjuster ( 1 ) has
5 positions for different load or riding
conditions.
Use the pin spanner ( 2 ) to adjust the rear
shock spring pre-load.
Position 1: for a light load and smooth
road conditions.
Position 2: standard position.
Positions 3 to 5: for when the scooter is
more heavily loaded. (Also increase spring
pre-load for stiffer rear suspension.)
Make sure that both shock absorbers ( 3 )
are adjusted to the same position.
134 Servicing Your Honda
Always adjust the shock absorber position
in sequence (1-2-3-4-5 or 5-4-3-2-1).
Attempting to adjust directly from 1 to 5
or 5 to 1 may damage the shock absorber.
09/12/14 14:59:34 31MGF610 0144 Brakes
The hydraulic braking systems on your
scooter dissipate the heat generated by the
friction of the brake pads on the brake
discs as the wheels are slowed.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid
level will drop. A leak in the system will
also cause the level to drop.
If the brake lever freeplay does not feel
within the normal range while riding,
check the brake pads for wear (page 139 ).
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn beyond the recommended
limit, there is probably air in the brake
system. See your Honda dealer to have the
air bled from the system.
Frequently inspect the system to ensure
there are no fluid leaks. Periodically
inspect the brake fluid level and the brake
pads for wear.
Servicing Your Honda
135
09/12/14 14:59:42 31MGF610 0145 Brakes
Brake Fluid Recommendation
brake
fluid
Honda DOT 4 Brake
Fluid
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of
equal quality and performance. Use fresh
brake fluid from a sealed container. Be
sure to read the label before opening the
sealed container. An opened container
may be contaminated or may have
absorbed moisture from the air.
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
If your inspection indicates a low fluid
level, have your Honda dealer add the
recommended brake fluid.
Do not add or replace brake fluid, except
in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have
your Honda dealer check the system as
soon as possible.
Brake f luid can damage plastic and
painted surf aces. Handle with care.
136 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 14:59:49 31MGF610 0146 Brakes
Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid brake
fluid contact with skin or eyes. If it comes
in contact with your eyes, wash them out
with clean water and immediately call a
doctor. If it comes in contact with your
skin, wash with clean water and, if
necessary, call a doctor.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(1)
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(1) LOWER level mark
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
1. Place your scooter in an upright position
on a firm, level surface.
2. Check the fluid level.
It should be above the LOWER level
mark ( 1 ).
If the level is at or below the LOWER
level mark, check the brake pads for
wear (page 139 ).
Servicing Your Honda
137
09/12/14 14:59:54 31MGF610 0147 Brakes
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn beyond the recommended
limit, have your brake system inspected
for leaks.
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hoses and fittings.
138 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 15:00:01 31MGF610 0148 Brakes
Brake Pad Wear
LEFT FRONT
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. Generally, the pads will wear
faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the
pads at each regular maintenance interval
(page 90 ).
Front Brake
Check the cutouts ( 1 ) in each pad. If
either pad is worn to the cutout, replace
both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer
for this service.
(1)
(1) cutouts
Servicing Your Honda
139
09/12/14 15:00:06 31MGF610 0149 Brakes
Rear Brake
Check the cutouts ( 1 ) in each pad. If
either pad is worn to the cutout, replace
both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer
for this service.
RIGHT REAR
(1)
(1) cutouts
140 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 15:00:12 31MGF610 0150 Brakes
Parking Brake Lever Freeplay
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
1. Stop the engine and put the scooter on
its center stand on level ground.
2. Count the number of clicks before the
brake starts to take hold by slowly
pulling the lever down from the fully
returned position.
Parking brake lever ( 1 ) freeplay is:
3−6 clicks
If adjustment is necessary, have the brake
adjusted by your Honda dealer for this
service.
(1) parking brake lever
Servicing Your Honda
141
09/12/14 15:00:19 31MGF610 0151 Tires
To safely operate your scooter, your tires
must be the proper type and size, in good
condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
142 Servicing Your Honda
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your scooter ride harshly, are more prone
to damage from road hazards, and wear
unevenly.
09/12/14 15:00:27 31MGF610 0152 Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.
However, because leakage is often very
slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully
inflated.
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the scooter has been
parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your scooter has only
been ridden for a few miles –– the
rear
*
29 psi
(200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
33 psi
(225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
with less than 200 lb
(90 kg) of added weight*
36 psi
(250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
with more than 200 lb
(90 kg) of added weight*
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo & all accessories
Servicing Your Honda
143
09/12/14 15:00:36 31MGF610 0153 Tires
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
144 Servicing Your Honda
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
Tread Wear
(1)
(2)
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
09/12/14 15:00:45 31MGF610 0154 Tires
For the best performance, you should
replace a tire before the tread depth at the
center reaches the following limits:
front
rear
0.06 in (1.5 mm)
0.08 in (2.0 mm)
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
Tire Service Life
The service life of your tires is dependent
on many factors, including, but not limited
to, riding habits, road conditions, vehicle
loading, tire pressure, maintenance history,
speed, and environmental conditions (even
when the tires are not in use).
In addition to your regular inspections and
tire pressure maintenance, it is
recommended that you have annual
inspections performed once the tires reach
5 years old. It is also recommended that all
tires be removed from service after 10
years from the date of manufacture,
regardless of their condition or state of
wear.
The last four digits of the TIN (tire
identification number) ( 1 ) are found on
the sidewall of the tire, and indicate the
date of manufacture.
Tire Identification Number (TIN)
The tire identification number (TIN) is a
group of numbers and letters that look like
the following example. The TIN is located
on the sidewall of the tire.
DOT ×××× ×××× 22 07
(2)
(3)
(4)
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
145
09/12/14 15:00:52 31MGF610 0155 Tires
DOT − This indicates that the tire meets
all requirements of the U.S. Department of
Transportation.
(2) ×××× − Factory code
(3) ×××× − Tire type code
(4) 22 07 − Date of manufacture
Year
Week
TIRE LABELING EXAMPLE
(1)
(1) tire identification number (TIN)
146 Servicing Your Honda
Tire Repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is
repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and
performance limits than a new or
undamaged tire.
09/12/14 15:00:58 31MGF610 0156 Tires
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger,
and have the tire replaced or permanently
repaired as soon as possible.
(For more information on temporary
repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire,
page 178 .)
work is performed by a professional and
that the wheel is balanced before you ride.
If you have a tire professionally repaired
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
A permanent repair, such as an internal
plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a
small puncture in the tread area. With such
a repair, you should not exceed 50 mph
(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph
(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. If you choose to
have a tire repaired, be sure the repair
The tires that came on your scooter were
designed to match the performance
capabilities of your scooter and provide
the best combination of handling, braking,
durability, and comfort.
Servicing Your Honda
147
09/12/14 15:01:08 31MGF610 0157 Tires
When replacing, use the original
equipment tires or equivalent tires of the
same size, construction, speed rating, and
load range as the originals.
The recommended tires for your scooter
are:
front
rear
type
Installing improper tires on your
scooter can affect handling and
stability. This can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
148 Servicing Your Honda
120/80-14M/C 58S
IRC SS530F
150/70-13M/C 64S
IRC SS530R
bias-ply, tubeless
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
09/12/14 15:01:14 31MGF610 0158 Tires
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Important Safety Reminders
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless
tire on this scooter. Excessive heat
build-up can cause the tube to burst.
Use only tubeless tires on this scooter.
The rims are designed for tubeless tires,
and during hard acceleration or braking,
a tube-type tire could slip on the rim
and cause the tire to rapidly deflate.
Servicing Your Honda
149
09/12/14 15:01:23 31MGF610 0159 Side Stand
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) side stand spring
Check that the side stand assembly is
working properly. If the side stand is
stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area
and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean
grease.
150 Servicing Your Honda
Check the side stand spring ( 1 ) for
damage or loss of tension.
Check the side stand ignition cut-off
system:
1. Sit astride the scooter.
2. Raise the side stand.
3. Pull the rear brake lever in.
4. Start the engine.
5. Lower the side stand all the way.
The engine should stop as you lower the
side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop,
see your Honda dealer for service.
09/12/14 15:01:30 31MGF610 0160 Battery
Your scooter has a maintenance-free type
battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
If you do not expect to ride your scooter
for at least two weeks, we recommend you
remove the battery, or at least disconnect
the battery cables (negative cable first).
If you plan to store your scooter, see
Battery Storage, page 152 .
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery, even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your scooter or do not ride
frequently, we recommend that you
charge the battery frequently (see Battery
Charging, page 155 ).
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash your hands after
handling.
Servicing Your Honda
151
09/12/14 15:01:37 31MGF610 0161 Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
If you plan to store your scooter, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow charging it
every 30 days (see Battery Charging,
page 155 ).
152 Servicing Your Honda
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
09/12/14 15:01:48 31MGF610 0162 Battery
The battery is located in the battery box
below the seat.
Removal
1. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Open the seat (page 47 ).
3. Remove the screw ( 1 ), then remove the
battery cover ( 2 ).
4. Disconnect the negative (−) terminal
lead ( 3 ) from the battery first, then
disconnect the positive (+) terminal
lead ( 4 ).
5. Pull the battery ( 5 ) out of the battery
box.
UNDER SEAT
(5)
UNDER SEAT
(3)
(4)
(2)
(1)
(1) screw
(2) battery cover
(3) negative (−) terminal lead
(4) positive (+) terminal lead
(5) battery
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
153
09/12/14 15:01:55 31MGF610 0163 Battery
6. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
7. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
8. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
9. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
154 Servicing Your Honda
Installation
1. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (−)
terminal.
2. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
09/12/14 15:02:01 31MGF610 0164 Battery
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
(1)
(1) charger
We recommend using a charger designed
specifically for your Honda, which can be
purchased from your Honda dealer. These
units can be left connected for long
periods without risking damage to the
battery. However, do not intentionally
leave the charger connected longer than
the time period recommended in the
charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a scooter battery and cause
permanent damage.
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
Servicing Your Honda
155
09/12/14 15:02:09 31MGF610 0165 Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your scooter. A clean
scooter is also easier to inspect and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
To clean your scooter, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
156 Servicing Your Honda
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your scooter.
If your scooter is still warm from recent
operation, give the engine and exhaust
system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
scooter in bright sunlight may cause the
finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your scooter regularly to protect
surface finishes.
09/12/14 15:02:15 31MGF610 0166 Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your scooter. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and
brake fluid).
Servicing Your Honda
157
09/12/14 15:02:23 31MGF610 0167 Appearance Care
Washing Your Scooter with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
1. Rinse your scooter thoroughly with cool
water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing scooters or
automobiles.
3. Wash your scooter with a sponge or a
soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
158 Servicing Your Honda
4. After washing, rinse your scooter
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
5. Dry your scooter with a chamois or a
soft towel. Leaving water on the surface
to air dry can cause dulling and water
spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and
scratches.
6. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
09/12/14 15:02:30 31MGF610 0168 Appearance Care
7. As a precaution, ride your scooter at a
slow speed and apply the brakes several
times. This will help dry the brakes and
restore normal braking performance.
TEST BRAKES
If the inside of the headlight lens
appears clouded immediately after
washing, it should clear after a few
minutes of riding.
Cleaning Your Windscreen
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Using plenty of water, clean the
windscreen with a soft cloth or sponge.
(Avoid using detergents or any kind of
chemical cleaner on the windscreen.) Dry
with a soft, clean cloth.
To avoid possible scratching or other
damage, use only water and a sof t cloth
or sponge to clean the windscreen.
Servicing Your Honda
159
09/12/14 15:02:36 31MGF610 0169 Appearance Care
For a dirtier windscreen, use a diluted
neutral detergent with a sponge and plenty
of water. Make sure to wash off all the
detergent. (Detergent residue may cause
windscreen cracks.)
Replace the windscreen if scratches
cannot be removed and they obstruct clear
vision.
Take care to keep battery electrolyte,
brake fluid, or other chemical solvents off
the windscreen. They will damage the
plastic.
160 Servicing Your Honda
Spray Cleaning Your Scooter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
09/12/14 15:02:44 31MGF610 0170 Appearance Care
Scooter Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
Servicing Your Honda
161
09/12/14 15:02:51 31MGF610 0171 Appearance Care
Painted Aluminum Wheel
Maintenance
Clean the Matte Painted Surface
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
Aluminum may corrode from contact with
dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels
after riding through any of these
substances. Use a wet sponge and mild
detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool,
or cleaners containing abrasives or
chemical compounds.
After washing, rinse with plenty of water
and dry with a clean cloth.
If the paint is chipped, apply touch-up
paint.
162 Servicing Your Honda
Use a soft cloth or sponge, plenty of water,
and a mild detergent to clean the matte
paint. Dry with a soft, clean cloth.
Do not use polishing compounds or wax
containing polishing compounds. These
can damage or discolor the paint.
To keep your Honda looking new, clean
and polish it frequently.
09/12/14 15:02:58 31MGF610 0172 Appearance Care
Exhaust Pipe Maintenance
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
The exhaust pipe is stainless steel, but may
become stained by oil or mud. If necessary,
remove heat stains with a liquid kitchen
abrasive.
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
If a surface on your scooter is chipped or
scratched, your Honda dealer has touch-up
paint to match your scooter’s color. Be
sure to use your scooter’s color code
(page 196 ) when you buy touch-up paint.
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
After washing your scooter, consider
using a commercially available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
for scooters or automobiles. Apply the
Servicing Your Honda
163
09/12/14 15:03:01 31MGF610 0173 164 Servicing Your Honda
09/12/14 15:03:06 31MGF610 0174 Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible scooter
owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................ 166
Transporting Your Scooter.................. 169
You & the Environment ...................... 170
Tips
165
09/12/14 15:03:14 31MGF610 0175 Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your scooter and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your scooter
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Winter Storage Guide,
available from your Honda dealer.
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your scooter in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
166 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
This procedure requires a means for
draining and disposing of drained fuel
(page 170 ).
1. Change the engine oil and filter.
Clean the engine oil strainer screen
(page 113 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50% antifreeze solution
(page 118 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
09/12/14 15:03:23 31MGF610 0176 Storing Your Honda
4. To prevent rusting in the cylinders,
perform the following:
Remove the spark plug caps from the
spark plugs (page130 ). Using tape or
string, secure the caps to any
convenient plastic body part so that
they are positioned away from the
spark plugs.
Remove the spark plugs from the
engine and store them in a safe place.
Do not connect the spark plugs to the
spark plug caps.
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of
clean engine oil into each cylinder
and cover the spark plug holes with a
piece of cloth.
With the engine stop switch in the
RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and
distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plugs and spark
plug caps.
5. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery
(page 155 ) once a month.
6. Wash and dry your scooter. Wax all
painted surfaces. Apply rust-inhibiting
oil to the chrome pieces.
7. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 142 ).
(cont’d)
Tips
167
09/12/14 15:03:32 31MGF610 0177 Storing Your Honda
8. Store your scooter in an unheated area,
free of dampness, away from sunlight,
with a minimum of daily temperature
variation.
9. Place your scooter on blocks to lift both
tires off the floor.
10. Cover your scooter with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
168 Tips
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
1. Uncover and clean your scooter.
2. If your scooter has been stored for more
than four months –– change the engine
oil (page 113 ).
3. If your scooter has been stored for more
than two months –– ask your Honda
dealer to drain and replace the fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 155 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 40 ),
then test-ride your scooter at low speeds.
09/12/14 15:03:36 31MGF610 0178 Transporting Your Scooter
If your scooter needs to be transported, it
should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. Do
not tow your scooter, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the scooter, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
Tips
169
09/12/14 15:03:41 31MGF610 0179 You & the Environment
Owning and riding a scooter can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally responsible scooter
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your scooter. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
170 Tips
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
09/12/14 15:03:50 31MGF610 0180 Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your scooter
while you’re riding. It tells you how to
evaluate each problem and what actions
you can take to try to resume riding. If the
problem cannot be safely solved, this
section also gives instructions on the
proper way to have your scooter
transported.
General Guidelines ..............................
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start ..
If You Have a Flat Tire .......................
If Your Engine Overheats ...................
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator
Lights ...................................................
If a Fuse Blows....................................
If You Crash ........................................
If You Lose Your Key ........................
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) .......
172
173
178
182
184
185
189
190
191
For information about transporting your
scooter, see page 169 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
171
09/12/14 15:03:58 31MGF610 0181 Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road.
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, the tool kit that came with your
scooter, and any other items (such as tire
repair supplies and additional tools) that
might help you solve a problem on your
own.
172 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your scooter is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
09/12/14 15:04:02 31MGF610 0182 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your scooter won’t start, listen as you
press the start button. If you don’t hear the
starter motor turning, refer to the Starter
motor doesn’t operate symptom. If you
can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
173
09/12/14 15:04:13 31MGF610 0183 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
engine stop switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
ignition switch OFF
Turn the ignition switch ON.
side stand down
Raise the side stand.
blown fuse
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating
(page 185 ).
battery lead loose
Tighten the battery lead.
low (or dead) battery
Charge the battery (page 155 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
faulty starter motor
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
174 Taking Care of the Unexpected
09/12/14 15:04:23 31MGF610 0184 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Fill the fuel tank.
out of fuel
See F looded Engine (page 59 ).
flooded engine
Install the spark plug caps securely. If the engine
loose or unconnected spark
still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.
plug caps
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
loose battery cables
Charge the battery (page 155 ). If charging doesn’t
weak battery
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
175
09/12/14 15:04:34 31MGF610 0185 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
WHAT TO DO
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Check engine idle adjustment (page 127 ). If the
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
problem persists, see your Honda dealer.
Check the high coolant temperature indicator.
overheating
Refer to If Y our Engine Overheats, page 182 .
low oil pressure
Check the low oil pressure indicator. Refer to If
the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights,
page 184 .
May damage catalytic converter.
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
176 Taking Care of the Unexpected
09/12/14 15:04:43 31MGF610 0186 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly (cont’d).
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust (rich fuel
See your Honda dealer.
mixture)
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
detonates or pings under
load
gasoline (page 104 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
May damage catalytic converter.
afterfires (backfires)
See your Honda dealer.
pre-ignition (runs on after
May damage catalytic converter.
ignition switched OFF)
See your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
177
09/12/14 15:04:49 31MGF610 0187 If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
center stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage. If you find a
tire that has been punctured or damaged,
you have two options.
Option 1:
Have Your Scooter Transported
If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in
the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come
loose from the rim, there is probably not
much you can do except have your scooter
transported to a Honda dealer or other
178 Taking Care of the Unexpected
qualified service facility. Even with a
simple puncture, this may be the safest
and least troublesome solution. For
transporting instructions, see page 169 .
Option 2:
Make a Temporary Roadside Repair
If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and
is not completely flat, you may be able to
make an emergency repair that could
allow you to continue riding to where you
can get the tire replaced or permanently
repaired.
09/12/14 15:04:54 31MGF610 0188 If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your scooter with a
temporary tire repair can be risky.
If the temporary repair fails, you
can crash and be seriously injured
or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire is
permanently repaired or replaced.
frequently and check the air pressure. If
the tire is losing pressure, it may be unsafe
to continue riding. As the tire gets low, it
will affect the handling of your scooter
(especially with a passenger and cargo)
and it may overheat and blow out.
Types of Temporary Repairs
The following types of temporary repairs
generally require a source of air to inflate
the tire. Possible sources include CO2
cartridges or cans of compressed air
designed to inflate a tire.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30
mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably
without a passenger or cargo) until the tire
is replaced or permanently repaired. Stop
Taking Care of the Unexpected
179
09/12/14 15:04:59 31MGF610 0189 If You Have a Flat Tire
Inflate the tire: Tubeless tires have
some self-sealing ability if they are
punctured and the result is usually just a
slow leak. If this is the case, you can try
inflating the tire to see if it will hold air
pressure. If you can see a nail or other
object embedded in the tire tread, do not
remove it at this time.
Plug the hole: The idea here is to do
something to temporarily stop the leak.
If you have a tubeless tire repair kit,
you can pull out the nail and try
inserting an external plug in the
puncture. Follow the instructions that
came with the repair kit and be sure to
inflate the tire to the correct pressure.
180 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should You Repair or Replace a
Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
page 146 .
09/12/14 15:05:04 31MGF610 0190 If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 82 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
181
09/12/14 15:05:10 31MGF610 0191 If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the coolant temperature on your
temperature meter will rise and then level
off. Hot weather may cause the
temperature to rise higher than normal. So
will temporary stress such as climbing a
hill. If you’re stuck in stop-and-go traffic,
the temperature may climb some, but the
radiator fan is designed to prevent
overheating. Be aware of these variations
as you monitor the meter.
If the high coolant temperature indicator
comes on, and the coolant temperature
meter displays five segments for no
apparent reason, pull safely to the side of
the road. If possible, park in a shady area.
182 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant
leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but
don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
If there’s no obvious problem, leave the
engine on so the fan and coolant
circulating system can continue
working. Monitor the temperature meter.
The temperature may drop to the
normal range after a brief stop with no
load on the engine.
09/12/14 15:05:15 31MGF610 0192 If Your Engine Overheats
Check the radiator fan.
If the fan is not working, turn the
engine off. Open the fuse box (page
185 ) and check the radiator fan fuse.
If the fuse is blown, replace it with the
proper (same rating) spare fuse. Start
the engine. If the high coolant
temperature indicator come on, and the
coolant temperature meter displays five
segments, turn the engine off.
If the radiator fan is working, visually
check the coolant level in the reserve
tank, located under the right fairing
pocket (page 119 ). It isn’t necessary to
touch the radiator system.
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t
ride without adding coolant (page 119 ).
After adding coolant, turn the engine on
and check the temperature meter.
If the temperature doesn’t drop, do not
ride. The engine needs repair. Transport
your scooter to a Honda dealer (page
169 ).
If the temperature drops to normal,
check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue
to monitor the meter frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for
awhile, carefully watching the meter. Be
prepared to stop and add more coolant or
water. If the leak is bad, transport your
scooter to a Honda dealer (page 169 ).
Taking Care of the Unexpected
183
09/12/14 15:05:22 31MGF610 0193 If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights
If you check your engine oil level
regularly, you should never see the low oil
pressure indicator while riding. Normally,
it will only light momentarily when you
turn the ignition switch ON. Occasionally,
it may flicker at or near idling speed.
Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil
leak, a low oil level, or some problem in
the engine’s lubrication system.
If the indicator comes on while you’re
riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the
side of the road. Stop the engine as soon
as it’s safe to do so.
Continuing to ride with low oil pressure
can cause serious engine damage.
Check for an oil leak.
Then check the oil level. If necessary,
add the recommended oil (page 109 ) to
the upper level mark. If you must leave
your scooter to get oil, secure it as much
as possible.
After adding oil, start the engine, and
check that the low oil pressure indicator
goes off. Check for a possible leak.
If the indicator goes off and there is no
leak –– resume riding. If there is a leak
–– do not ride the scooter until the leak
is repaired by a Honda dealer.
184 Taking Care of the Unexpected
09/12/14 15:05:32 31MGF610 0194 If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
scooter have fuses to protect them from
damage caused by excess current flow
(short circuit or overload).
If something electrical on your scooter
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Determine from the chart on the circuit
fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control
that component. Check those fuses first,
but check all the fuses before looking
elsewhere for another possible cause of
the problem. Replace any blown fuses and
check component operation.
The main fuse A (and spare) is located
on the starter motor magnetic switch
inside the left side cover.
The main fuse B and circuit fuse boxes
(including spare fuses) are located
under the seat.
The spare circuit fuses are located in the
fuse boxes.
Recommended Fuses
main fuse A
main fuse B
other fuses
30A
30A
FSC600: 15A, 10A
FSC600A: 30A, 15A,
10A
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
185
09/12/14 15:05:41 31MGF610 0195 If a Fuse Blows
Main Fuse A Access:
2. To access the main fuse A ( 1 ), remove
the left side cover (page 99 ).
3. Disconnect the wire connector ( 2 ) of
the starter magnetic switch ( 3 ).
4. Pull the main fuse out. If it is blown ( 4 ),
install the spare main fuse ( 5 ).
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(2)
MAIN FUSE
(4)
(3)
(5)
(1) main fuse A
(2) wire connector
(3) starter magnetic switch
(5) spare main fuse A
186 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(4) blown fuse
5. Reconnect the wire connector.
6. Install the left side cover.
09/12/14 15:05:52 31MGF610 0196 If a Fuse Blows
Main Fuse B and Circuit Fuse Access:
7. Open the seat (page 47 ).
8. Open the fuse box covers ( 6 ).
UNDER SEAT
(6)
If you do not have a replacement fuse with
the proper rating for the circuit, install one
with a lower rating.
(7)
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
CIRCUIT FUSE
(9)
(6) fuse box covers
(7) main fuse B
(9) spare fuses
(8)
(9)
9. To check or replace a main fuse B ( 7 )
and circuit fuse, pull the old fuse out of
its retaining clips. Look for a burned
wire inside the fuse. If the fuse is blown
( 8 ), replace it with a spare fuse ( 9 ) of
the same rating.
(8) blown fuse
10. Close the fuse box covers.
11. Close the seat.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
187
09/12/14 15:05:57 31MGF610 0197 If a Fuse Blows
If you do not have a spare fuse and you
cannot ride the scooter without fixing the
problem, take a fuse of the same rating or
a lower rating from one of the other
circuits that you can do without
temporarily.
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
scooter. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your scooter checked by
your Honda dealer.
188 Taking Care of the Unexpected
09/12/14 15:06:03 31MGF610 0198 If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after a
crash. If you or anyone else has been
injured, take time to assess the severity of
the injuries and whether it is safe to
continue riding. Call for emergency
assistance if needed. Also follow
applicable laws and regulations if another
person or vehicle is involved in the crash.
If you decide that you are capable of
riding safely, first evaluate the condition
of your scooter. If the engine is still
running, turn it off and look it over
carefully; inspect it for fluid leaks, check
the tightness of critical nuts and bolts, and
secure such parts as the handlebar, control
levers, brakes, and wheels.
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your scooter thoroughly
checked at a qualified service facility as
soon as possible. Also, be sure to have
your Honda dealer check the frame and
suspension after any serious crash.
If your scooter cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Scooter, page 169 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
189
09/12/14 15:06:08 31MGF610 0199 If You Lose Your Key
You should receive a key number plate
( 1 ) with your keys. Store this plate in a
safe place.
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
transport your scooter to them or the
nearest Honda dealer. The dealer will
probably have to remove the ignition
switch assembly to find the key number so
they can make a key for you.
(1)
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer where you
purchased your Honda. They may have it
listed in their records. If they don’t,
190 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(1) key number plate
09/12/14 15:06:12 31MGF610 0200 If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your scooter’s electrical system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
191
09/12/14 15:06:15 31MGF610 0201 192 Taking Care of the Unexpected
09/12/14 15:06:21 31MGF610 0202 Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your scooter.
Vehicle Identification..........................
Specifications ......................................
Break-in Guidelines ............................
Emission Control Systems ..................
Catalytic Converter .............................
Oxygenated Fuels ................................
Technical Information
194
197
203
204
211
212
193
09/12/14 15:06:27 31MGF610 0203 Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The VIN and engine serial number are
required when you register your scooter.
They may also be required when ordering
replacement parts. You may record these
numbers in the Quick Reference section at
the rear of this manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
is stamped on the right side of the frame
body and also appears on the Safety
Certification Label attached under the
right front air cover.
RIGHT FRONT (under air cover)
(1)
(2)
(1) VIN
(2) right front air cover
194 Technical Information
09/12/14 15:06:32 31MGF610 0204 Vehicle Identification
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
The engine number ( 4 ) is stamped on the
left side of the crankcase.
LEFT SIDE
(4)
(3) VIN
(4) engine number
Technical Information
195
09/12/14 15:06:37 31MGF610 0205 Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
INSIDE CENTER COMPARTMENT
(1)
The color label is located in the center
compartment.
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
(1) color label
196 Technical Information
09/12/14 15:06:45 31MGF610 0206 Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
89.6 in (2,275 mm)
30.3 in (770 mm)
56.3 in (1,430 mm)
62.8 in (1,595 mm)
5.5 in (140 mm)
Technical Information
197
09/12/14 15:06:55 31MGF610 0207 Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
cooling system,
recommendation
cooling system,
capacity
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
4.23 US gal (16.0 ) including reserve
after disassembly: 2.7 US qt (2.6 )
after draining: 2.1 US qt (2.0 )
after draining & oil filter change: 2.3 US qt (2.2 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or an equivalent motorcycle
oil
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene
glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors
specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines
3.17 US qt (3.00 )
198 Technical Information
09/12/14 15:07:08 31MGF610 0208 Specifications
Capacities
passenger capacity
maximum weight
capacity
operator, one passenger
366 lb (166 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Engine Specifications
displacement
35.5 cu-in (582 cm )
bore & stroke
2.83 × 2.81 in (72.0 × 71.5 mm)
compression ratio
10.2 : 1
or
spark plug (standard) CR8EH-9 (NGK)
U24FER9 (DENSO)
spark plug gap
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
intake:
0.006 in (0.16 mm)
valve clearance
exhaust: 0.009 in (0.22 mm)
(cold)
1,300 ± 100 rpm
idle speed
Technical Information
199
09/12/14 15:07:21 31MGF610 0209 Specifications
Power Transmission
V-Belt
primary reduction
6.016
final reduction
Chassis & Suspension
28°30’
caster
4.1 in (105 mm)
trail
120/80-14M/C 58S
tire size, front
IRC SS530F
tire size, rear
tire type
tire pressure, front
(cold)
tire pressure, rear
(cold)
150/70-13M/C 64S
IRC SS530R
bias-ply, tubeless
29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm ) −with less than 200 lb
(90 kg) of added weight
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm ) −with more than 200 lb
(90 kg) of added weight
200 Technical Information
09/12/14 15:07:32 31MGF610 0210 Specifications
Electrical
battery
generator
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
turn signal lights
license light
trunk light
12V-11 (10) Ah
0.44 kW/5,000 rpm
12V-55W × 2
12V-21/5W × 2
12V-21W × 2 (front)
12V-21W × 2 (rear)
12V-5W
12V-3.4W
Technical Information
201
09/12/14 15:07:41 31MGF610 0211 Specifications
Fuses
main A
main B
other fuses
30A
30A
FSC600: 15A, 10A
FSC600A: 30A, 15A, 10A
Torque Specifications
11 lbf·ft (15 N·m , 1.5 kgf·m)
engine oil drain plug
19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
engine oil filter
202 Technical Information
09/12/14 15:07:44 31MGF610 0212 Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your scooter’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 300 miles (500 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
Technical Information
203
09/12/14 15:07:49 31MGF610 0213 Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U. S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB) require that
your scooter comply with applicable
exhaust emissions standards during its
useful life, when operated and maintained
according to the instructions provided.
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Scooter Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect.
UNDER SEAT
(1)
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that scooters built
after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided.
(1) vehicle emission control information
label
204 Technical Information
09/12/14 15:07:54 31MGF610 0214 Emission Control Systems
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label ( 1 ) is attached to the
inside of the center compartment.
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx),
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various
systems to reduce hydrocarbons, oxides of
nitrogen, and carbon monoxide.
Technical Information
205
09/12/14 15:07:58 31MGF610 0215 Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system
includes a secondary air injection system,
ignition timing control system, PGM-FI
system, three-way catalytic converter, and
heated oxygen sensor.
No adjustment to these systems should be
made although periodic inspection of the
components is recommended.
Programmed Fuel Injection (PGM-FI)
System
The PGM-FI system has four subsystems:
Air Intake, Engine Control, Fuel Control,
and Exhaust Control.
The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses
various sensors to determine how much air
is going into the engine. It then controls
how much fuel is injected under all
operating conditions.
Ignition Timing Control System
The system constantly adjusts the ignition
timing, reducing the amount of HC, CO
and NOx produced.
206 Technical Information
09/12/18 09:34:04 31MGF610_216
Emission Control Systems
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system
introduces filtered air into the exhaust
gases in the exhaust port. The secondary
air injection system helps improve
emission control performance.
Three-Way Catalytic Converter
The three-way catalytic converter is in the
exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, it converts HC, CO, and NOx in
the engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide
(CO2), nitrogen (N), and water vapor.
Evaporative Emission Control System
This scooter complies with the
requirements of the California Air
Resources Board (CARB) evaporative
emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the
fuel tank is directed into the charcoal
canister and air cleaner where it is
adsorbed and stored while the engine is
stopped. When the engine is running and
the purge control solenoid valve is open,
fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air
cleaner is drawn into the engine through
the throttle body.
Technical Information
207
09/12/14 15:08:08 31MGF610 0217 Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
intake manifold.
Problems That May Affect Scooter
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda scooter
dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
208 Technical Information
09/12/14 15:08:13 31MGF610 0218 Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
Technical Information
209
09/12/14 15:08:17 31MGF610 0219 Emission Control Systems
Fuel Permeation Emission Control
System
This vehicle complies with the Fuel
Permeation Emission Control regulations
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB). The fuel tank,
fuel hoses, and fuel vapor charge hoses
used on this vehicle incorporate fuel
permeation control technologies.
Tampering with the fuel tank, fuel hoses,
or fuel vapor charge hoses to reduce or
defeat the effectiveness of the fuel
permeation technologies is prohibited by
federal regulations.
210 Technical Information
09/12/14 15:08:21 31MGF610 0220 Catalytic Converter
This scooter is equipped with a three-way
catalytic converter.
The catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converter acts on HC, CO,
and NOx. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or its equivalent.
The catalytic converter must operate at a
high temperature for the chemical
reactions to take place. It can set fire to
any combustible materials that come near
it. Park your scooter away from high
grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.
A defective catalytic converter contributes
to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these
guidelines to protect your scooter’s
catalytic converter.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a
small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making
the catalytic converter ineffective.
Keep the engine in good running
condition. A poorly running engine can
cause the catalytic converter to overheat
causing damage to the converter or the
scooter.
If your engine is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling, or otherwise not running
properly, stop riding and turn off the
engine. Have your scooter serviced as
soon as possible.
Technical Information
211
09/12/14 15:08:27 31MGF610 0221 Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States use oxygenated
fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
212 Technical Information
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
09/12/14 15:08:33 31MGF610 0222 Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
Technical Information
213
09/12/14 15:08:35 31MGF610 0223 214 Technical Information
09/12/14 15:08:42 31MGF610 0224 Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
Service Manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................
Warranty Coverage .............................
Warranty Service .................................
Contacting Honda................................
Your Honda Dealer .............................
The Honda Rider’s Club .....................
Reporting Safety Defects ....................
Consumer Information
216
219
220
221
222
223
224
215
09/12/18 09:34:11 31MGF610_225
Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.
Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems
common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanically
capable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61MCT08
2010 FSC600/A SILVER WING Service Manual
$60.00
61CM002
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31MGF610
2010 FSC600/A SILVER WING Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
216 Consumer Information
09/12/14 15:08:59 31MGF610 0226 Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form.
Publication
Item Description
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Total
Each*
Price
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
Mich. add 6 %
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Calif. add 8.25 %
delivery.
Handling Charge
$3.75
Grand Total
Consumer Information
217
09/12/14 15:09:13 31MGF610 0227 S
H
I
P
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
T
O
City
P
A
Y
M
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Customer Name
Attention
Street address/P. O. BOX
Apartment Number
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
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Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
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Check here if your billing address is different from the
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HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
218 Consumer Information
09/12/14 15:09:20 31MGF610 0228 Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Scooter Limited Warranty
Emission Control System Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet.
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan. For more information, see your
Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the scooter.
Consumer Information
219
09/12/14 15:09:25 31MGF610 0229 Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your scooter, call the service department
of your Honda dealer. Make an
appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
scooter, you will be asked to authorize that
inspection. Your dealer will give you the
results of the inspection. If the problem is
covered under warranty, your dealer will
perform the warranty repairs for you.
220 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the Service Manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
09/12/14 15:09:31 31MGF610 0230 Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,
CA 90509-2200, mailstop: 100-4C-7B,
telephone: (866) 784-1870.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and VIN
date of purchase
dealer name and address
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address:
Consumer Information
221
09/12/14 15:09:37 31MGF610 0231 Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Honda
Genuine Parts, Pro Honda products, and
Honda Genuine Accessories. The same
quality that went into your Honda can be
found in Honda Genuine replacement
parts. You’ll also find comparable quality
in the accessories and products available
from the parts department.
222 Consumer Information
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage.
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about safety
training available in your local area and
the Honda Rider’s Club of America.
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
09/12/14 15:09:40 31MGF610 0232 The Honda Rider’s Club
You may be eligible for a Honda Rider’s
Club of America (HRCA) membership
with the purchase of your new Honda.
You can log on to the HRCA Clubhouse
website for details at www.hrca.honda.
com.
Consumer Information
223
09/12/14 15:09:45 31MGF610 0233 Reporting Safety Defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or
could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-4249153); go to http://www.saf ercar.gov;
or write to: Administrator, NHTSA,
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.,
Washington, DC 20590.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,
it may open an investigation, and if it
finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your
dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,
Inc.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from
http://www.saf ercar.gov.
224 Consumer Information
09/12/14 15:09:47 31MGF610 0234 Consumer Information
225
09/12/14 15:09:52 31MGF610 0235 Index
A
ABS indicator ............................. 13, 19, 71
accessories ................................................ 5
air cleaner ............................................. 122
air pressure, tires ................................... 142
American Honda, contacting................ 221
anti-lock brake system (ABS) ................ 70
apparel, protective .................................. 36
appearance care .................................... 156
authorized manuals ............................... 216
B
bank angle sensor ................................... 59
battery ................................................... 151
brakes,
fluid................................................... 136
pad wear............................................ 139
226 Index
parking brake lever freeplay ............ 141
braking .................................................... 68
break-in guidelines ............................... 203
button,
horn ..................................................... 31
MODE ........................ 13, 18, 24, 25, 31
RESET ........................ 13, 18, 24, 25, 31
start...................................................... 29
C
capacity, fuel ........................................ 106
care, appearance ................................... 156
catalytic converter ................................ 211
cleaning, appearance care .................... 156
clock, digital ..................................... 17, 25
color label ............................................. 196
compartment,
center................................................... 47
storage ........................................... 96, 97
09/12/14 15:09:58 31MGF610 0236 Index
consumer information .......................... 215
control & features ................................... 28
coolant................................................... 118
coolant temperature meter ................ 17, 21
customer service ................................... 221
D
defects, safety ....................................... 224
digital clock ...................................... 17, 25
display,
check ................................................... 15
multi-function ..................................... 20
E
emission control systems ...................... 204
engine,
flooded ................................................ 59
idle speed .......................................... 127
low oil pressure................................. 184
number .............................................. 195
oil ...................................................... 108
overheats ........................................... 182
pinging .............................................. 105
starting ................................................ 55
stop switch .......................................... 29
stopping............................................... 60
won’t start ......................................... 173
environment .......................................... 170
F
flat tire................................................... 178
flooded engine ........................................ 59
(cont’d)
Index
227
09/12/14 15:10:04 31MGF610 0237 Index
fuel,
gauge ................................................... 23
oxygenated........................................ 212
recommendation ............................... 104
tank capacity ..................................... 106
fuses ...................................................... 185
G
gasohol .................................................. 212
gasoline ................................................. 104
gauges, indicators & displays ................. 13
H
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 30
high beam indicator .......................... 13, 18
high coolant temperature
indicator .................................... 13, 16, 182
holder hook ............................................. 74
228 Index
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 221
dealer................................................. 222
Rider’s Club...................................... 223
service manual .................................. 216
horn button .............................................. 31
I
identification, vehicle ........................... 194
idle speed, engine ................................. 127
ignition cut-off system,
bank angle sensor ............................... 59
side stand ............................................ 55
ignition switch ........................................ 28
indicators................................................. 13
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 40
09/12/14 15:10:10 31MGF610 0238 Index
K
key, lost ................................................. 190
kit, tool .................................................... 96
L
low oil pressure indicator ......... 13, 16, 184
labels, safety ............................................. 7
lamp check .............................................. 14
left fairing pocket ................................... 49
left side cover removal ........................... 99
limit, weight ............................................ 44
load limits ............................................... 44
loading guidelines................................... 45
lock, steering ........................................... 73
M
maintenance,
component locations........................... 93
importance .......................................... 80
periodic ............................................... 84
record .................................................. 91
safety................................................... 81
schedule .............................................. 86
manual, service ..................................... 216
maximum weight limit ........................... 44
MODE button ................. 13, 18, 24, 25, 31
modifications ............................................ 6
N
numbers, serial ...................................... 194
Index
229
09/12/14 15:10:14 31MGF610 0239 Index
O
odometer ................................................. 24
oil,
engine................................................ 108
low pressure ...................................... 184
operation component locations .............. 10
overheat, engine.................................... 182
owner’s manual storage .......................... 97
oxygenated fuels................................... 212
P
parking .................................................... 72
parking brake indicator .................... 13, 19
parking brake lock .................................. 32
PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL) ................................................ 13, 19
pinging, engine ..................................... 105
230 Index
plugs, spark ........................................... 129
pre-load, rear suspension ...................... 133
pre-ride inspection .................................. 40
problems, unexpected ........................... 171
protective apparel ................................... 36
R
rear brake lock ........................................ 32
rear cover removal .................................. 98
removal,
left side cover ..................................... 99
rear cover ............................................ 98
right fairing pocket ........................... 103
right side cover ................................. 101
reporting safety defects ........................ 224
RESET button ................ 13, 18, 24, 25, 31
rider training ....................................... 3, 38
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 223
09/12/14 15:10:19 31MGF610 0240 Index
riding,
basic operation .................................... 53
clothing ............................................... 36
precautions .......................................... 54
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 54
with passenger or cargo ...................... 76
right fairing pocket ......................... 50, 103
right side cover removal ....................... 101
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 82
labels ..................................................... 7
reporting defects ............................... 224
riding precautions ............................... 54
schedule, maintenance ............................ 86
sensor, bank angle .................................. 59
serial numbers ....................................... 194
service,
customer............................................ 221
manuals ............................................. 216
warranty ............................................ 220
side cover removal,
left ....................................................... 99
right ................................................... 101
side stand .............................................. 150
side stand ignition cut-off system .......... 55
spark knock ........................................... 105
spark plugs ............................................ 129
specifications ........................................ 197
speedometer ...................................... 13, 16
stand, side ............................................. 150
start button .............................................. 29
(cont’d)
Index
231
09/12/14 15:10:25 31MGF610 0241 Index
starting,
engine .................................................. 55
troubleshooting ................................. 173
steering lock ............................................ 73
stop switch, engine ................................. 29
stopping engine ....................................... 60
storage,
owner’s manual .................................. 97
scooter ............................................... 166
suspension, rear pre-load ...................... 133
switch,
engine stop .......................................... 29
headlight dimmer................................ 30
ignition ................................................ 28
turn signal ........................................... 30
theft-prevention tips ............................... 75
throttle ................................................... 125
tires,
air pressure ........................................ 142
flat ..................................................... 178
replacing ........................................... 147
tool kit ..................................................... 96
training, rider ...................................... 3, 38
transporting your scooter...................... 169
tripmeter .................................................. 24
trouble, unexpected .............................. 171
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 173
turn signal indicator .......................... 13, 16
turn signal switch .................................... 30
V
T
tachometer ........................................ 13, 16
temperature meter, coolant ............... 17, 21
232 Index
vehicle identification no. (VIN)... 194, 195
V-matic indicator.............................. 13, 18
09/12/14 15:10:28 31MGF610 0242 Index
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 219
extended ............................................ 219
service ............................................... 220
washing your scooter ............................ 158
weight limit ............................................. 44
Index
233
09/12/14 15:10:40 31MGF610 0245 Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How to Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil –– insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner –– dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
09/12/14 15:10:44 31MGF610 0246 Quick Reference
VIN
Engine No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
09/12/14 15:10:53 31MGF610 0247 Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 40 ): tires &
wheels, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.
Check the following items monthly (page 84 ): tires & wheels, fluids,
lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
Engine Oil
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent
4.23 US gal (16.0 )
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
Quick Reference
366 lb (166 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
09/12/14 15:11:05 31MGF610 0248 Quick Reference
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plugs
Coolant
Fuses
Front: 120/80-14M/C 58S
IRC SS530F
Rear: 150/70-13M/C 64S
IRC SS530R
Type: bias-ply, tubeless
Front: 29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
Rear: 33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
with less than 200 lb (90 kg) of added weight
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
with more than 200 lb (90 kg) of added weight
standard: CR8EH-9 (NGK) or U24FER9 (DENSO)
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50
solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water
main A: 30A
main B: 30A
FSC600: 15A, 10A
other:
FSC600A: 30A, 15A, 10A
Quick Reference
09/12/14 15:11:15 31MGF610 0249 Quick Reference
These symbols are used in Controls & Features section:
SYMBOL
COMPONENT
START button
RUN − engine stop switch
OFF − engine stop switch
HI − headlight dimmer switch
LO − headlight dimmer switch
turn signal switch
horn button
Quick Reference
SEE PAGE
29
29
29
30
30
30
31
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