Network User`s Guide - Brother International

Network User`s Guide - Brother International
Network User’s Guide
TD series
This Network User's Guide provides useful information to configure
wired and wireless network settings using your Brother printer. You can
also find supported protocol information and detailed troubleshooting
tips.
To download the latest manual, please visit the Brother Solutions
Center at (http://solutions.brother.com/). You can also download the
latest drivers and utilities for your printer, read FAQs and
troubleshooting tips or learn about special printing solutions from the
Brother Solutions Center.
Version C
ENG
Applicable models
This User’s Guide applies to the following models:
TD-2120N/2130N/4100N
In order to use the TD-2120N/2130N with a wireless connection, the optional WLAN interface must be
installed on the printer.
Definitions of notes
We use the following icon throughout this User’s Guide:
NOTE
Notes tell you how you should respond to a situation that may arise or give
tips about how the operation works with other features.
Compilation and publication notice
Under the supervision of Brother Industries, Ltd., this manual has been compiled and published, covering the
latest product’s descriptions and specifications.
The contents of this manual and the specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.
Brother reserves the right to make changes without notice in the specifications and materials contained
herein and shall not be responsible for any damages (including consequential) caused by reliance on the
materials presented, including but not limited to typographical and other errors relating to the publication.
©2013 Brother industries, Ltd. All rights reserved.
i
IMPORTANT NOTE
 This product is approved for use in the country of purchase only. Do not use this product outside the
country of purchase as it may violate the wireless telecommunication and power regulations of that
country.
 Windows® XP in this document represents Windows® XP Professional and Windows® XP Home Edition.
In addition, Windows® XP in this document does not represent Windows® XP x64 Edition.
 Windows Vista® in this document represents all editions of Windows Vista®.
 Windows® 7 in this document represents all editions of Windows® 7.
 Windows® 8 in this document represents all editions of Windows® 8.
 Windows Server® 2003 in this document represents Windows Server® 2003, Windows Server® 2003 R2.
In addition, Windows Server® 2003 in this document does not represent Windows Server® 2003 x64
Edition.
 Windows Server® 2008 in this document represents all editions of Windows Server® 2008 and Windows
Server® 2008 R2.
 Windows Server® 2012 in this document represents all editions of Windows Server® 2012.
 Not all models are available in all countries.
ii
Table of Contents
1
Introduction
1
Network features........................................................................................................................................1
2
Changing your printer’s network settings
2
Changing your printer’s network settings (IP address, Subnet mask and Gateway).................................2
Using the BRAdmin Light utility ...........................................................................................................2
Other Management Utilities .......................................................................................................................5
Using the Web Based Management (web browser) ............................................................................5
Using the BRAdmin Professional utility (Windows®) ...........................................................................5
3
Configuring your machine for a wireless network (TD-2120N/2130N only)
6
Overview....................................................................................................................................................6
Confirm your network environment............................................................................................................7
Connected to a computer with a WLAN access point/router in the network (Infrastructure mode) .....7
Connected to a wireless capable computer without a WLAN access point/router in the network
(Ad-hoc mode).................................................................................................................................8
Wireless configuration temporarily using a USB cable (Recommended for Windows® users) .................9
One-push configuration using Wi-Fi Protected Setup™ ..........................................................................10
4
Printing the Printer Set-up Information
11
Printing the Printer Set-up Information ....................................................................................................11
5
Web Based Management
13
Overview..................................................................................................................................................13
Configuring the printer settings using Web Based Management (web browser).....................................13
6
Troubleshooting
15
Overview..................................................................................................................................................15
A
Appendix A
19
Supported protocols and security features ..............................................................................................19
iii
B
Appendix B
20
Types of network connections and protocols...........................................................................................20
Types of network connections ...........................................................................................................20
Protocols............................................................................................................................................22
Configuring your printer for a network .....................................................................................................24
IP addresses, subnet masks and gateways ......................................................................................24
Wireless network terms and concepts .....................................................................................................26
Specifying your network ....................................................................................................................26
Security terms....................................................................................................................................26
Other ways to set the IP address (for advanced users and administrators) ............................................32
Using DHCP to configure the IP address ..........................................................................................32
Using RARP to configure the IP address ..........................................................................................32
Using BOOTP to configure the IP address........................................................................................33
Using APIPA to configure the IP address..........................................................................................33
Using ARP to configure the IP address .............................................................................................34
iv
1
Introduction
1
1
Network features
1
Your Brother printer can be shared on a 10/100 Mbps wired 1 or IEEE 802.11b/g/n wireless network 2 using
the internal network print server. The print server supports various functions and methods of connection on
a network supporting TCP/IP, depending on the operating system you are running. The following chart shows
what network features and connections are supported by each operating system.
NOTE
Although the Brother machine can be used on both a wired 1 and wireless network, only one connection
method can be used at a time.
1
A wired network interface is available on the TD-2120N/2130N/4100N.
2
An optional wireless network interface is available on the TD-2120N/2130N.
Operating Systems
Windows® XP
Windows Server® 2003/2008/2012
Windows Vista®
Windows® 7
Windows® 8
BRAdmin Light
r
r
r
r
Web Based Management
r
r
Status Monitor
r
r
Driver Deployment Wizard
r
r
Printer Setting Tool
(TD-2120N/2130N only)
r
r
See page 2.
BRAdmin Professional 1
See page 5.
1
BRAdmin Professional is available as a download from http://solutions.brother.com/.
1
2
Changing your printer’s network settings
Changing your printer’s network settings
(IP address, Subnet mask and Gateway)
2
2
Using the BRAdmin Light utility
2
The BRAdmin Light utility is designed for the initial setup of Brother network connectable devices. It can also
search for Brother products in a TCP/IP environment, show the status and configure basic network settings,
such as the IP address.
Installing BRAdmin Light
2
 Windows®
a
b
c
Ensure your printer is turned on.
d
e
f
The CD-ROM main menu will appear. Click [Advanced Applications].
Turn on your computer. Close any running applications before installing.
Insert the supplied CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive. The opening screen will appear automatically.
If the model name screen appears, choose your printer. If the language screen appears, choose your
language.
Click [Network Utility].
Click [BRAdmin Light] and follow the on-screen instructions.
NOTE
• You can download the latest Brother BRAdmin Light version from http://solutions.brother.com/.
This utility is only available for Windows® users.
• If you require more advanced printer management, use the latest Brother BRAdmin Professional utility that
is available as a download from http://solutions.brother.com/. This utility is only available for Windows ®
users.
• If you are using firewall, anti-spyware, or antivirus software, temporarily disable them. Once you are sure
that you can print, enable them again.
• The node name appears in the current BRAdmin Light window. The default node name of the print server
in the printer is “BRNxxxxxxxxxxxx” or “BRWxxxxxxxxxxxx”. (“xxxxxxxxxxxx” is based on your printer’s
MAC Address / Ethernet Address.)
• The default password for Brother print servers is “access”.
2
2
Changing your printer’s network settings
Setting the IP address, Subnet Mask and Gateway using BRAdmin Light
a
2
Start the BRAdmin Light utility.
 Windows®
(Windows®
Vista®
2
Windows®
XP / Windows
/
7)
Click [Start] - [All Programs] - [Brother] - [BRAdmin Light] - [BRAdmin Light].
(Windows® 8)
Click [BRAdmin Light] icon on [Start]/[Apps] screen.
b
c
BRAdmin Light will search for new devices automatically.
Double-click the unconfigured device.
Windows®
2
NOTE
• If you don’t use a DHCP/BOOTP/RARP server, the device will appear as [Unconfigured] in the BRAdmin
Light utility screen.
• You can find the node name and MAC Address by printing the Printer Settings. (See Printing the Printer
Set-up Information on page 11.)
3
Changing your printer’s network settings
d
Choose [STATIC] for the [Boot Method]. Enter the [IP Address], [Subnet Mask] and [Gateway] (if
needed) of your print server.
Windows®
2
2
e
f
Click [OK].
With the correctly programmed IP address, you will see the Brother print server in the device list.
4
Changing your printer’s network settings
Other Management Utilities
2
Your Brother printer can be used with the following management utilities in addition to the BRAdmin Light
utility. You can change your network settings using these utilities.
2
Using the Web Based Management (web browser)
2
A standard web browser can be used to change your print server settings using the HTTP (Hyper Text
Transfer Protocol). (See Configuring the printer settings using Web Based Management (web browser)
on page 13.)
Using the BRAdmin Professional utility (Windows®)
2
BRAdmin Professional is a utility for more advanced management of network connected Brother devices.
This utility can search for Brother products on your network, and show the device status from an easy to read
Explorer style window that changes color to represent the status of each device. You can configure network
and device settings along with the ability to update device firmware from a Windows® computer on your Local
Area Network (LAN). BRAdmin Professional can also log activity of Brother devices on your network and
export the log data in an HTML, CSV, TXT or SQL format.
For more information and downloads, visit us at http://solutions.brother.com/.
NOTE
• Please use the latest version of the BRAdmin Professional utility that is available as a download from
http://solutions.brother.com/. This utility is only available for Windows® users.
• If you are using a firewall, anti-spyware, or antivirus software, temporarily disable them. Once you are sure
that you can print, enable them again.
• The node name appears in the current BRAdmin Professional window. The default node name is
“BRNxxxxxxxxxxxx” or “BRWxxxxxxxxxxxx”. (“xxxxxxxxxxxx” is based on your printer’s MAC Address /
Ethernet Address.)
5
3
Configuring your machine for a wireless
network (TD-2120N/2130N only)
3
NOTE
In order to use the printer on a wireless network, the optional WLAN interface is required.
3
Overview
3
To connect your machine to your wireless network, you need to follow the steps in the User’s Guide.
Configuration using the CD-ROM installer and a USB cable is the recommended method for Windows® users.
By using this method, you can easily connect your machine to your wireless network.
For additional wireless configuration methods, read this chapter for more details on how to configure the
wireless network settings. For information on TCP/IP settings, see Changing your printer’s network settings
(IP address, Subnet mask and Gateway) on page 2.
NOTE
• To achieve optimum results with normal everyday document printing, use the Brother printer as close to
the WLAN access point/router as possible with minimal obstructions. Large objects and walls between the
two devices as well as interference from other electronic devices can affect the data transfer speed of your
documents.
Due to these factors, wireless may not be the best method of connection for all types of documents and
applications. You can use USB for the fastest throughput speed.
• Before configuring wireless settings, you will need to know your SSID and Network Key.
• Although the Brother machine can be used in both a wired 1 and wireless network, only one connection
method can be used at a time.
1
A wired network interface is available on the TD-2120N/2130N/4100N.
6
Configuring your machine for a wireless network (TD-2120N/2130N only)
Confirm your network environment
3
Connected to a computer with a WLAN access point/router in the network
(Infrastructure mode)
3
3
5
1
4
2
3
1 WLAN access point/router
2 Wireless network printer (your printer)
3 Wireless capable computer connected to the WLAN access point/router
4 Wired computer (which is not wireless capable) connected to the WLAN access point/router with
an Ethernet cable
5 Smartphone
Installation method
3
The following instructions will detail the methods for installing your Brother printer in a wireless network
environment. Choose the method you prefer for your environment.
 Wireless configuration temporarily using a USB cable (Recommended for Windows® users)
See Wireless configuration temporarily using a USB cable (Recommended for Windows ® users)
on page 9.
 One push wireless configuration using WPS
See One-push configuration using Wi-Fi Protected Setup™ on page 10.
7
Configuring your machine for a wireless network (TD-2120N/2130N only)
Connected to a wireless capable computer without a WLAN access point/router
in the network (Ad-hoc mode)
3
This type of network does not have a central WLAN access point/router. Each wireless client communicates
directly with each other. When the Brother wireless printer (your printer) is part of this network, it receives all
print jobs directly from the computer sending the print data.
3
1
2
1 Wireless network printer (your printer)
2 Wireless capable computer
We cannot guarantee wireless network connection with Windows Server® products in Ad-hoc mode.
Ad-hoc is only supported by 802.11b.
8
Configuring your machine for a wireless network (TD-2120N/2130N only)
Wireless configuration temporarily using a USB cable
(Recommended for Windows® users)
3
It is recommended that you use a PC wirelessly connected to your network for this method.
You can remotely configure the printer from the computer on the network using a USB cable (A) 1.
3
A
1
You can configure the wireless settings of the printer using a USB cable temporarily connected to a wired or wireless computer.
See the installation procedure in the User’s Guide.
9
Configuring your machine for a wireless network (TD-2120N/2130N only)
One-push configuration using Wi-Fi Protected Setup™
3
You can use WPS to configure your wireless network settings easily if your WLAN access point/router (A)
supports Wi-Fi Protected Setup™ (PBC 1).
A
1
3
Push Button Configuration
See the installation procedure in the User’s Guide.
10
4
Printing the Printer Set-up Information
4
Printing the Printer Set-up Information
4
The Printer Settings Page is a report listing the network settings. You can print the Printer Settings Page using
the Cut button (TD-4100N) or (Print) button (TD-2120N/2130N) of the printer. The following details and
items can be printed:
 Program version
4
 Printer usage history
 Missing dot test pattern
 List of transferred data
 Network setting information
 Wi-Fi® setting information
NOTE
• For TD-2120N/2130N users, you can use the utility to set, in advance, which items will be printed.
Refer to Printing the printer set-up information in the User’s Guide.
• The node name appears in the Printer Settings Page. The default node name is “BRNxxxxxxxxxxxx” or
“BRWxxxxxxxxxxxx”. (“xxxxxxxxxxxx” is based on your printer’s MAC Address / Ethernet Address.)
 TD-4100N
a
Load a roll of media and confirm the RD Roll compartment cover is closed. We recommend using a
minimum media size of 2" (50.8 mm) wide.
b
c
Turn on the printer.
Press and hold the Cut button for more than one second.
 TD-2120N/2130N
a
Load a roll of media and confirm the RD Roll compartment top cover is closed. We recommend using
the 2.25" (57 mm) or more, wide receipt paper.
b
c
Turn on the printer.
Press and hold the
(Print) button for more than one second.
11
Printing the Printer Set-up Information
NOTE
To reset the network settings and set the automatic private IP address (APIPA), follow the procedure below:
TD-4100N
• To reset network settings and turn APIPA ON
a
b
c
Press the ON/OFF button to switch the machine OFF.
Then, hold down the ON/OFF button for two seconds.
4
Continue holding down the ON/OFF button, and press the Cut button 2 times.
All the network settings will be reset.
• To reset network settings and turn APIPA OFF
a
b
c
Press the ON/OFF button to switch the machine OFF.
Then, hold down the ON/OFF button for two seconds.
Continue holding down the ON/OFF button, and press the Cut button 4 times.
All the network settings will be reset.
TD-2120N/2130N
• To reset network settings and turn APIPA ON
a
b
Press and hold the
c
d
While holding down the
(Power) button to turn the printer off.
Press and hold the (Feed) button and the (Power) button, until the POWER indicator lights in
orange and the STATUS indicator blinks in green.
Release the
(Power) button, press the
(Feed) button 2 times.
(Power) button.
All the network settings will be reset.
• To reset network settings and turn APIPA OFF
a
b
Press and hold the
c
d
While holding down the
(Power) button to turn the printer off.
Press and hold the (Feed) button and the (Power) button, until the POWER indicator lights in
orange and the STATUS indicator blinks in green.
Release the
(Power) button, press the
(Feed) button 4 times.
(Power) button.
All the network settings will be reset.
12
5
Web Based Management
5
Overview
5
You can use a standard web browser to manage a printer on your network using HTTP. When using Web
Based Management, the following are possible:
 Display printer status information
 Change network settings such as TCP/IP information
 Display software version information of the printer and print server
 Change network and printer configuration details
5
NOTE
Please make sure that JavaScript and cookies are always enabled in whichever browser you use.
In order to use Web Based Management, your network must use TCP/IP, and the printer and computer must
have a valid IP address.
Configuring the printer settings using Web Based
Management (web browser)
5
A standard web browser can be used to change your print server settings using the HTTP (Hyper Text
Transfer Protocol).
a
Type http://printer_ip_address/ into your browser. (Where printer_ip_address is the IP
address or the print server name.)
 For example (if the printer’s IP address is 192.168.1.2.):
http://192.168.1.2/
NOTE
If you have edited the hosts file on your computer or are using a Domain Name System, you can also enter
the DNS name of the print server. As the print server supports TCP/IP and NetBIOS, you can also enter
the NetBIOS name of the print server. The NetBIOS name can be seen on the printer settings page. The
NetBIOS name assigned is the first 15 characters of the node name and by default it will appear as
“BRNxxxxxxxxxxxx” where “xxxxxxxxxxxx” is the Ethernet address.
For a wireless connection, “BRWxxxxxxxxxxxx” appears.
13
Web Based Management
b
To change the print server settings, follow the procedure below.
TD-4100N
1
Click [Network Configuration].
2
Enter a user name and a password. The User Name is “admin” and the default Password is
“access”.
3
Click [OK].
4
You can now change the print server settings.
5
5
TD-2120N/2130N
1
5
You can now change the print server settings.
NOTE
Setting a password (for TD-2120N/2130N users)
We recommend setting a login password to prevent unauthorized access to the Web Based Management.
a
b
c
d
Click [Administrator].
Enter the password you want to use (up to 32 characters).
Re-enter the password in [Confirm new password] box.
Click [Submit].
From next time you access to the Web Based Management, enter a password in the [Login] box, and
then click
.
After configuring the settings, logout by clicking
.
You can also set a password by clicking [Please configure the password.] on the machine’s web page
if you are not setting a login password.
14
6
Troubleshooting
6
Overview
6
This chapter explains how to resolve typical network problems you may encounter when using your Brother
printer. If, after reading this chapter, you are unable to resolve your problem, please visit the Brother Solutions
Center for further support at: http://solutions.brother.com/.
First check the following:
The power cord is connected correctly and the Brother printer is turned on.
The access point (for wireless), router or hub is turned on and its link light is blinking. (TD-2120N/2130N only)
All protective packaging has been removed from the machine.
The front and top covers are fully closed.
6
The roll is inserted correctly in the roll compartment.
(For wired networks) A network cable is securely connected to the Brother printer and the router or hub.
(For wireless networks) The network cable is not connected to the printer.
I cannot complete the wireless network setup configuration. (TD-2120N/2130N only)
Question
Interface Solution
wireless
Is the optional WLAN
interface/Bluetooth interface
correctly installed?
Correctly install the WLAN interface/Bluetooth interface according to the
manual provided with it.
wireless
Is the optional WLAN
interface/Bluetooth interface
turned on?
Make sure that the WLAN interface/Bluetooth interface has been turned on.
Are your security settings
(SSID/Network Key)
correct?
wireless
 Reconfirm and choose the correct security settings.
• The manufacturer's name or model number of the WLAN access
point/router may be used as the default security settings.
• See the instructions supplied with your WLAN access point/router for
information on how to find the security settings.
• Ask the manufacturer of your WLAN access point/router or ask your
Internet provider or network administrator.
Are you using MAC Address
filtering?
wireless
Confirm that the MAC Address of the Brother printer is allowed in the filter.
You can find the MAC Address in [Communication settings] of the Printer
Setting Tool. See the User’s Guide for more details about
[Communication settings] in the Printer Setting Tool.
Is your WLAN access
point/router in stealth
mode? (not broadcasting
the SSID)
wireless
 You should enter the correct SSID name during the installation or when
using [Communication settings] in the Printer Setting Tool.
 Check the SSID name in the instructions supplied with your WLAN
access point/router and reconfigure the wireless network setup.
15
Troubleshooting
I cannot complete the wireless network setup configuration. (TD-2120N/2130N only) (continued)
Question
Interface Solution
I have checked and tried all
of the above, but still cannot
complete the wireless
configuration. Is there
anything else I can do?
wireless
Use [Communication settings] in the Printer Setting Tool.
Is your Brother printer
correctly connected to the
WLAN access point/router?
wireless
If the STATUS indicator is lit, the network is correctly connected. If the
STATUS indicator is blinking, the network is not connected correctly, and the
wireless network setup must be reconfigured.
The Brother printer is not found on the network during the printer installation.
Question
Interface Solution
Are you using security
software?
wired/
wireless
Is your Brother printer
placed too far from the
WLAN access point/router?
wireless
Place your Brother printer within about 3.3 feet (1 meter) from the WLAN
access point/router when you configure the wireless network settings.
Are there any obstructions
(walls or furniture, for
example) between your
printer and the WLAN
access point/router?
wireless
Move your Brother printer to an obstruction-free area, or closer to the WLAN
access point/router.
Is there a wireless
computer, Bluetooth
supported device,
microwave oven or digital
cordless phone near the
Brother printer or the WLAN
access point/router?
wireless
Move all the devices away from Brother printer or WLAN access
point/router.
 Confirm your settings in the installer dialog box.
6
 Allow access when the security software alert message appears during
the printer installation.
16
Troubleshooting
The Brother printer cannot print over the network.
The Brother printer is not found on the network even after successful installation.
Question
Interface Solution
Are you using security
software?
wired/
wireless
Is your Brother printer
assigned with an available
IP address?
wired/
wireless
See I'm using security software. on page 18.
 Confirm the IP address and the Subnet Mask.
Verify that both the IP addresses and Subnet Masks of your computer
and the Brother printer are correct and located on the same network.
For more information on how to verify the IP address and the Subnet
Mask, ask the network administrator.
 (Windows®)
Confirm your IP address, Subnet Mask and other network settings with
[Communication settings] in the Printer Setting Tool.
Refer to the User’s Guide.
Did your previous printing
job fail?
wired/
wireless
 If the failed printing job is still in your computer’s print queue, delete it.
 Double-click your printer icon in the following folder and then choose
[Cancel All Documents] in the [Printer] menu:
(Windows® XP)
[Start] and then [Printers and Faxes].
(Windows Vista ®)
, [Control Panel], [Hardware and Sound] and then [Printers].
(Windows® 7)
, [Devices and Printers] and select your printer from
[Printers and Faxes].
(Windows® 8)
[Apps] screen, [Control Panel], [Hardware and Sound],
[Devices and Printers] and select your printer from
[Printers and Faxes].
Are you connecting the
Brother printer to the
network wirelessly?
wireless
I have checked and tried all
the above, however the
Brother printer does not
print. Is there anything else I
can do?
wired/
wireless
 Print the Printer settings. (For how to print, see Printing the Printer Setup Information on page 11.)
 See The Brother printer is not found on the network during the printer
installation. on page 16.
Uninstall the Brother printer driver and reinstall it.
17
6
Troubleshooting
I'm using security software.
Question
Interface Solution
Did you choose to accept
the security alert dialog box
during the standard
installation or BRAdmin
Light installation or when
using the printing features?
wired/
wireless
If you did not choose to accept the security alert dialog box, the firewall
function of your security software may be rejecting access. Some security
software might block access without showing a security alert dialog box. To
allow access, see the instructions of your security software or ask the
manufacturer.
What port numbers are
required for the Brother
network features?
wired/
wireless
The following port numbers are used for Brother network features:
 BRAdmin Light i Port number 161 / Protocol UDP
For details on how to open the port, see the instructions of the security
software or ask the manufacturer.
6
I want to check that my network devices are working correctly.
Question
Interface Solution
Is your Brother printer,
access point/router or
network hub turned on?
wired/
wireless
Make sure you have confirmed all instructions in First check the following:
on page 15.
Where can I find the Brother
printer’s network settings,
such as IP address?
wired/
wireless
Print the Printer settings. (For how to print, see Printing the Printer Set-up
Information on page 11.)
Can you ping the Brother
wired/
printer from your computer? wireless
Ping the Brother printer from your computer using the IP address or the node
name.
 Successful i Your Brother printer is working correctly and connected to
the same network as your computer.
 Unsuccessful i Your Brother printer is not connected to the same
network as your computer.
Ask the network administrator.
For TD-2120N/2130N users, [Communication settings] in the Printer
Setting Tool can be used to change the network settings.
Is the Brother printer
connected to the wireless
network?
wireless
Print the Printer Settings to confirm the state of the wireless connection. (For
how to print, see Printing the Printer Set-up Information on page 11.)
18
A
Appendix A
A
Supported protocols and security features
Interface
Ethernet
10BASE-T/100BASE-TX
Wireless 1
IEEE 802.11b/g/n (Infrastructure Mode)
A
IEEE 802.11b (Ad-hoc Mode)
Network
(common)
Protocol (IPv4)
(TD-4100N)
ARP, RARP, BOOTP, DHCP, APIPA (Auto IP), WINS, NetBIOS name
resolution, DNS Resolver, LPR/LPD, Custom Raw Port/Port9100, FTP
Server, TELNET, SNMPv1, HTTP server, TFTP client and server,
ICMP Web services
(TD-2120N/2130N)
ARP, RARP, BOOTP, DHCP, APIPA (Auto IP), WINS/NetBIOS name
resolution, DNS Resolver, mDNS, LLMNR responder, LPR/LPD,
Custom Raw Port/Port9100, FTP Server, TFTP server, SNTP client,
SNMPv1/v2c, ICMP
Network
(Security)
1
Wireless 1
SSID (32 chr), WEP 64/128 bit, WPA-PSK (TKIP/AES), WPA2-PSK
(AES), LEAP, EAP-FAST, PEAP, EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS
When the WLAN interface (optional) is used with TD-2120N/2130N
19
A
B
Appendix B
B
In this section, you will find basic information about the advanced network features of the Brother printer,
along with general networking and common terms.
The supported protocols and network features differ depending on the model you are using.
Types of network connections and protocols
B
Types of network connections
B
Wired network connection example
B
Peer-to-Peer printing using TCP/IP
B
In a Peer-to-Peer environment, each computer directly sends and receives data to each device. There is no
central server controlling file access or printer sharing.
B
TCP/IP
TCP/IP
Network printer
(your printer)
1 Router
 In a smaller network of 2 or 3 computers, we recommend the Peer-to-Peer printing method as it is easier
to configure than the Network Shared printing method. See Network Shared printing on page 21.
 Each computer must use the TCP/IP Protocol.
 The Brother printer needs an appropriate IP address configuration.
 If you are using a router, the Gateway address must be configured on the computers and the Brother
printer.
20
Appendix B
Network Shared printing
B
In a Network Shared environment, each computer sends data via a centrally controlled computer. This type
of computer is often called a “Server” or a “Print Server”. Its job is to control the printing of all print jobs.
Network printer
(your printer)
B
1 Client computer
2 Also known as “Server” or “Print server”
3 TCP/IP or USB
 In a larger network, we recommend a Network Shared printing environment.
 The “server” or the “print server” must use the TCP/IP print protocol.
 The Brother printer needs to have an appropriate IP address configuration, unless the printer is connected
via the USB or serial interface at the server.
21
Appendix B
Protocols
B
TCP/IP protocols and functions
B
Protocols are the standardized sets of rules for transmitting data on a network. Protocols allow users to gain
access to network connected resources.
The print server used on the Brother printer supports the TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol) protocol.
TCP/IP is the most popular set of protocols used for communication such as Internet and E-mail. This protocol
can be used in almost all operating systems such as Windows®, Windows Server® and Linux ®.
NOTE
• You can configure the protocol settings by using the HTTP interface (web browser). (See Configuring the
printer settings using Web Based Management (web browser) on page 13.)
• To find what protocols your Brother printer supports, see Supported protocols and security features
on page 19.
The following TCP/IP protocols are available on the Brother printer:
B
DHCP/BOOTP/RARP
B
By using the DHCP/BOOTP/RARP protocols, the IP address can be automatically configured.
NOTE
To use the DHCP/BOOTP/RARP protocols, please contact your network administrator.
APIPA
B
If you do not assign an IP address manually (using the BRAdmin software) or automatically (using a
DHCP/BOOTP/RARP server), the Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA) protocol will automatically
assign an IP address from the range 169.254.0.1 to 169.254.254.254.
ARP
B
Address Resolution Protocol performs mapping of an IP address to a MAC Address in a TCP/IP network.
DNS client
B
The Brother print server supports the Domain Name System (DNS) client function. This function allows the
print server to communicate with other devices by using its DNS name.
NetBIOS name resolution
B
Network Basic Input/Output System name resolution enables you to obtain the IP address of the other device
using its NetBIOS name during the network connection.
22
Appendix B
WINS
B
Windows® Internet Name Service is a service providing information for NetBIOS name resolution, by
consolidating an IP address and a NetBIOS name that is on the local network.
LPR/LPD
B
Commonly used printing protocols on a TCP/IP network.
Custom Raw Port (Default is Port 9100)
B
Another commonly used printing protocol on a TCP/IP network. It enables interactive data transmission.
mDNS
B
mDNS allows the Brother print server to automatically configure itself to work on a Mac OS X Simple Network
Configured system.
SNMP
B
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is used to manage network devices including computers,
routers and Brother network ready printers. The Brother print server supports SNMPv1 and SNMPv2.
LLMNR
B
B
The Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution protocol (LLMNR) resolves the names of neighboring computers
if the network does not have a Domain Name System (DNS) server. The LLMNR Responder function works
in both the IPv4 or IPv6 environment when using an operating system that has the LLMNR Sender function
such as Windows® 7 and Windows® 8.
23
Appendix B
Configuring your printer for a network
B
IP addresses, subnet masks and gateways
B
To use the printer in a networked TCP/IP environment, you need to configure its IP address and subnet mask.
The IP address you assign to the print server must be on the same logical network as your host computers.
If it is not, you must correctly configure the subnet mask and the gateway address.
IP address
B
An IP address is a series of numbers that identifies each device connected to a network. An IP address
consists of four numbers separated by dots. Each number is between 0 and 254.
 For example in a small network, you would normally change the final number:
• 192.168.1.1
• 192.168.1.2
• 192.168.1.3
How the IP address is assigned to your print server:
B
If you have a DHCP/BOOTP/RARP server on your network the print server will automatically obtain its IP
address from that server.
NOTE
On smaller networks, the DHCP server may also be the router.
For more information on DHCP, BOOTP and RARP, see:
Using DHCP to configure the IP address on page 32.
Using BOOTP to configure the IP address on page 33.
Using RARP to configure the IP address on page 32.
If you do not have a DHCP/BOOTP/RARP server, the Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA) protocol will
automatically assign an IP address from the range 169.254.0.1 to 169.254.254.254. For more information on
APIPA, see Using APIPA to configure the IP address on page 33.
24
B
Appendix B
Subnet mask
B
Subnet masks restrict network communication.
 For example, Computer 1 can talk to Computer 2
• Computer 1
IP Address: 192.168.1.2
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
• Computer 2
IP Address: 192.168.1.3
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
The 0 in the Subnet mask signifies that there is no limit to communication at this part of the address. In the
above example, this means, we can communicate with any device with an IP address that begins with
192.168.1.x. (where x is a number between 0 and 254).
Gateway (and router)
B
A gateway is a network point that acts as an entrance to another network and sends data transmitted via the
network to an exact destination. The router knows where to direct data that arrives at the gateway. If a
destination is located on an external network, the router transmits data to the external network. If your network
communicates with other networks, you may need to configure the Gateway IP address. If you do not know
the Gateway IP address then contact your Network Administrator.
25
B
Appendix B
Wireless network terms and concepts
B
Specifying your network
B
SSID (Service Set Identifier) and channels
B
You need to configure the SSID and a channel to specify the wireless network you want to connect to.
 SSID
Each wireless network has its own unique network name which is technically referred to as an SSID
(Service Set Identifier) or ESSID (Extended Service Set Identifier). The SSID is a 32-byte or less value
and is assigned to the access point. The wireless network devices you want to associate with the wireless
network should match the access point. The access point and wireless network devices regularly send
wireless packets (referred to as beacons) containing the SSID information. When your wireless network
device receives a beacon, you can identify wireless networks within range of your device.
 Channels
Wireless networks use channels. Each wireless channel is on a different frequency. There are up to 14
different channels that can be used when running a wireless network. However, in many countries the
number of available channels is restricted.
Security terms
B
B
Authentication and encryption
B
Most wireless networks use some kind of security settings. These security settings define the authentication
(how the device identifies itself to the network) and encryption (how the data is encrypted as it is sent on the
network). If you do not correctly specify these options when you are configuring your Brother wireless
printer, it will not be able to connect to the wireless network. Therefore care must be taken when
configuring these options.
26
Appendix B
Authentication and Encryption methods for a personal wireless network
B
Personal wireless network is a small network, for example using your machine in a wireless network at home,
without IEEE 802.1x support.
If you want to use your machine in an IEEE 802.1x supported wireless network, see Authentication and
Encryption methods for an enterprise wireless network on page 29.
Authentication methods
B
 Open system
Wireless devices are allowed to access the network without any authentication.
 Shared key
A secret pre-determined key is shared by all devices that will access the wireless network.
The Brother wireless printer uses a WEP key as the pre-determined key.
 WPA-PSK
Enables a Wi-Fi Protected Access Pre-shared key (WPA-PSK), which enables the Brother wireless printer
to associate with access points using TKIP or AES for WPA-PSK.
 WPA2-PSK
B
Enables a Wi-Fi Protected Access Pre-shared key (WPA2-PSK), which enables the Brother wireless
printer to associate with access points using AES for WPA2-PSK (WPA-Personal).
 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
Enables a Wi-Fi Protected Access Pre-shared key (WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK), which enables the Brother
wireless printer to associate with access points using TKIP for WPA-PSK, or AES for WPA-PSK and
WPA2-PSK (WPA-Personal).
Encryption methods
B
 None
No encryption method is used.
 WEP
When using WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy), the data is transmitted and received with a secure key.
 TKIP
TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides per-packet key mixing, a message integrity check and
rekeying mechanism.
 AES
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is the Wi-Fi® authorized strong encryption standard.
When [Communication Mode] is set to [Ad-hoc]
Authentication Method
Encryption Mode
Open System
None
WEP
27
Appendix B
When [Communication Mode] is set to [Infrastructure]
Authentication Method
Encryption Mode
Open System
None
WEP
Public Key Authentication
WEP
WPA-PSK
TKIP
AES
WPA2-PSK
AES
WPA/WPA2-PSK
TKIP
AES
Network key
B
 Open system/Shared key with WEP
This key is a 64-bit or 128-bit value that must be entered in an ASCII or hexadecimal format.
• 64 (40) bit ASCII:
B
Uses 5 text characters. e.g. “WSLAN” (this is case sensitive)
• 64 (40) bit hexadecimal:
Uses 10 digits of hexadecimal data. e.g. “71f2234aba”
• 128 (104) bit ASCII:
Uses 13 text characters. e.g. “Wirelesscomms” (this is case sensitive)
• 128 (104) bit hexadecimal:
Uses 26 digits of hexadecimal data. e.g. “71f2234ab56cd709e5412aa2ba”
 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK and TKIP or AES
Uses a Pre-Shared Key (PSK) that is 8 or more characters in length, up to a maximum of 63 characters.
28
Appendix B
Authentication and Encryption methods for an enterprise wireless network
B
Enterprise wireless network is a large network, for example using your machine in a business enterprise
wireless network, with IEEE802.1x support. If you configure your machine in an IEEE802.1x supported
wireless network, you can use following authentication and encryption methods.
Authentication methods
B
 LEAP (For wireless network)
Cisco LEAP (Light Extensible Authentication Protocol) has been developed by Cisco Systems, Inc. which
uses a user ID and password for authentication.
 EAP-FAST
EAP-FAST (Extensible Authentication Protocol-Flexible Authentication via Secured Tunnel) has been
developed by Cisco Systems, Inc. which uses a user ID and password for authentication, and symmetric
key algorithms to achieve a tunnelled authentication process.
The Brother machine supports the following inner authentications:
• EAP-FAST/NONE
• EAP-FAST/MS-CHAPv2
B
• EAP-FAST/GTC
 PEAP
PEAP (Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol) has been developed by Microsoft Corporation, Cisco
Systems and RSA Security. PEAP creates an encrypted SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)/TLS (Transport
Layer Security) tunnel between a client and an authentication server, for sending a user ID and password.
PEAP provides mutual authentication between the server and the client.
The Brother machine supports the following inner authentications:
• PEAP/MS-CHAPv2
• PEAP/GTC
 EAP-TTLS
EAP-TTLS (Extensible Authentication Protocol Tunnelled Transport Layer Security) has been developed
by Funk Software and Certicom. EAP-TTLS creates a similar encrypt SSL tunnel to PEAP, between a
client and an authentication server, for sending a user ID and password. EAP-TTLS provides mutual
authentication between the server and the client.
The Brother machine supports the following inner authentications:
• EAP-TTLS/CHAP
• EAP-TTLS/MS-CHAP
• EAP-TTLS/MS-CHAPv2
• EAP-TTLS/PAP
 EAP-TLS
EAP-TLS (Extensible Authentication Protocol Transport Layer Security) requires digital certificate
authentication both at a client and an authentication server.
29
Appendix B
Encryption methods
B
 TKIP
TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) provides a per-packet key mixing a message integrity check and
rekeying mechanism.
 AES
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is the Wi-Fi® authorized strong encryption standard.
 CKIP
The original Key Integrity Protocol for LEAP by Cisco Systems, Inc.
When [Communication Mode] is set to [Infrastructure]
Authentication Method
Encryption Mode
LEAP
CKIP
EAP-FAST/NONE
TKIP
AES
EAP-FAST/MS-CHAPv2
TKIP
AES
EAP-FAST/GTC
B
TKIP
AES
PEAP/MS-CHAPv2
TKIP
AES
PEAP/GTC
TKIP
AES
EAP-TTLS/CHAP
TKIP
AES
EAP-TTLS/MS-CHAP
TKIP
AES
EAP-TTLS/MS-CHAPv2
TKIP
AES
EAP-TTLS/PAP
TKIP
AES
EAP-TLS
TKIP
AES
30
Appendix B
User ID and password
B
The following security methods support a user ID less than 64 characters and the password less than 32
characters in length.
 LEAP
 EAP-FAST
 PEAP
 EAP-TTLS
 EAP-TLS (For user ID)
B
31
Appendix B
Other ways to set the IP address (for advanced users and
administrators)
B
Using DHCP to configure the IP address
B
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is one of several automated mechanisms for IP address
allocation. If you have a DHCP server on your network, the print server will automatically obtain its IP address
from the DHCP server and register its name with any RFC 1001 and 1002-compliant dynamic name services.
NOTE
If you do not want your print server configured via DHCP, BOOTP or RARP, you must set the Boot Method
to static so that the print server has a static IP address. This will prevent the print server from trying to
obtain an IP address from any of these systems. To change the Boot Method, use the BRAdmin
applications, or Web Based Management via your web browser.
Using RARP to configure the IP address
B
The Brother print server’s IP address can be configured using the Reverse ARP (RARP) facility on your host
computer. This is done by editing the /etc/ethers file (if this file does not exist, you can create it) with an
entry similar to the following:
00:80:77:31:01:07
BRN008077310107 (or BRW008077310107 for a wireless network)
Where the first entry is the MAC Address (Ethernet Address) of the print server and the second entry is the
name of the print server (the name must be the same as the one you put in the /etc/hosts file).
If the RARP daemon is not already running, start it (depending on the system the command can be rarpd,
rarpd -a, in.rarpd -a or something else; type man rarpd or refer to your system documentation for
additional information).
The Brother print server will get the IP address from the RARP daemon when the printer is powered on.
32
B
Appendix B
Using BOOTP to configure the IP address
B
BOOTP is an alternative to RARP that has the advantage of allowing configuration of the subnet mask and
gateway. In order to use BOOTP to configure the IP address make sure that BOOTP is installed and running
on your host computer (it should appear in the /etc/services file on your host as a real service; type
man bootpd or refer to your system documentation for information). BOOTP is usually started up via the
/etc/inetd.conf file, so you may need to enable it by removing the “#” in front of the bootp entry in that
file. For example, a typical bootp entry in the /etc/inetd.conf file would be:
#bootp dgram udp wait /usr/etc/bootpd bootpd -i
Depending on the system, this entry might be called “bootps” instead of “bootp”.
NOTE
In order to enable BOOTP, simply use an editor to delete the “#” (if there is no “#”, then BOOTP is already
enabled). Then edit the BOOTP configuration file (usually /etc/bootptab) and enter the name, network
type (1 for Ethernet), MAC Address (Ethernet Address) and the IP address, subnet mask and gateway of
the print server. Unfortunately, the exact format for doing this is not standardized, so you will need to refer
to your system documentation to determine how to enter this information. Some examples of typical
/etc/bootptab entries include:
BRN310107 1
00:80:77:31:01:07 192.168.1.2
B
and:
BRN310107:ht=ethernet:ha=008077310107:\ip=192.168.1.2:
“BRN” will be replaced with “BRW” for a wireless network.
Certain BOOTP host software implementations will not respond to BOOTP requests if you have not included
a download filename in the configuration file. If this is the case, simply create a null file on the host and specify
the name of this file and its path in the configuration file.
As with RARP, the print server will load its IP address from the BOOTP server when the printer is powered on.
Using APIPA to configure the IP address
B
The Brother print server supports the Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA) protocol. With APIPA, DHCP
clients automatically configure an IP address and subnet mask when a DHCP server is not available. The
device chooses it's own IP address in the range 169.254.0.1 through to 169.254.254.254. The subnet mask
is automatically set to 255.255.0.0 and the gateway address is set to 0.0.0.0.
By default, the APIPA protocol is enabled. If you want to disable the APIPA protocol, you can disable it using
BRAdmin Light or Web Based Management (web browser).
33
Appendix B
Using ARP to configure the IP address
B
If you are unable to use the BRAdmin application and your network does not use a DHCP server, you can
also use the ARP command. The ARP command is available on Windows® systems that have TCP/IP
installed. To use ARP enter the following command at the command prompt:
arp -s ipaddress ethernetaddress
ping ipaddress
Where ethernetaddress is the MAC Address (Ethernet Address) of the print server and ipaddress is
the IP address of the print server. For example:
 Windows® systems
Windows® systems require the dash “-” character between each digit of the MAC Address (Ethernet
Address).
arp -s 192.168.1.2 00-80-77-31-01-07
ping 192.168.1.2
NOTE
You must be on the same Ethernet segment (that is, there cannot be a router between the print server and
operating system) to use the arp -s command.
If there is a router, you may use BOOTP or other methods described in this chapter to enter the IP address.
If your administrator has configured the system to deliver IP addresses using BOOTP, DHCP or RARP
your Brother print server can receive an IP address from any one of these IP address allocation systems.
In which case, you will not need to use the ARP command. The ARP command only works once. For
security reasons, once you have successfully configured the IP address of a Brother print server using the
ARP command, you cannot use the ARP command again to change the address. The print server will
ignore any attempts to do this. If you wish to change the IP address again, use Web Based Management
via the web browser, or factory reset the print server (which will then allow you to use the ARP command
again).
34
B
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