2017 RAM 1500/2500/3500/4500/5500 Truck Diesel Supplement

2017 RAM 1500/2500/3500/4500/5500 Truck Diesel Supplement
2017
OWNER’S MANUAL
RAM TRUCK
DIESEL SUPPLEMENT
VEHICLES SOLD IN CANADA
With respect to any Vehicles Sold in Canada, the name FCA
US LLC shall be deemed to be deleted and the name FCA
Canada Inc. used in substitution therefore.
DRIVING AND ALCOHOL
Drunken driving is one of the most frequent causes of
accidents.
Your driving ability can be seriously impaired with blood
alcohol levels far below the legal minimum. If you are
drinking, don’t drive. Ride with a designated nondrinking driver, call a cab, a friend, or use public transportation.
This manual illustrates and describes the operation of
features and equipment that are either standard or optional on this vehicle. This manual may also include a
description of features and equipment that are no longer
available or were not ordered on this vehicle. Please
disregard any features and equipment described in this
manual that are not on this vehicle.
FCA US LLC reserves the right to make changes in design
and specifications, and/or make additions to or improvements to its products without imposing any obligation
upon itself to install them on products previously manufactured.
WARNING!
Driving after drinking can lead to an accident.
Your perceptions are less sharp, your reflexes are
slower, and your judgment is impaired when you
have been drinking. Never drink and then drive.
Copyright © 2016 FCA US LLC
RAM DIESEL SUPPLEMENT
RAM 1500
.......................................................................3
RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500
INDEX
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
RAM 1500
SECTION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
1
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1
2
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2
3
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3
4
STARTING AND OPERATING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
4
5
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
5
6
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
6
INTRODUCTION
CONTENTS
䡵 A MESSAGE FROM FCA US LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
1
8 INTRODUCTION
A MESSAGE FROM FCA US LLC
FCA US LLC welcomes you as a turbocharged dieselpowered truck owner. Your diesel truck will sound, feel,
drive, and operate differently from a gasoline-powered
truck. It is important that you read and understand this
manual.
Almost 100% of the heavy trucks in the United States and
Canada are diesel-powered because of the fuel economy,
rugged durability, and high torque which permits pulling
heavy loads.
You may find that some of the starting, operating, and
maintenance procedures are different. However, they are
simple to follow and careful adherence to them will ensure
that you take full advantage of the features of this engine.
NOTE:
• Some aftermarket products may cause severe engine/
transmission and/or exhaust system damage. Your vehicle’s Powertrain Control Systems can detect and store
information about vehicle modifications that increase
horsepower and torque output such as whether or not
performance-enhancing powertrain components, commonly referred to as downloaders, power boxes, or
performance chips have been used.
• Any chassis/suspension or tire size modifications to the
vehicle will effect the performance of the Adaptive
Cruise Control and Forward Collision Warning System.
This information cannot be erased and will stay in the
system’s memory even if the modification is removed. This
information can be retrieved by FCA US LLC, and service
and repair facilities, when servicing your vehicle. This
information may be used to determine if repair will be
covered by New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
There is a probability that the use of a “performance chip”
will prohibit the engine from starting. In this instance, the
vehicle will need to be serviced by a authorized dealer in
order to return the vehicle to its factory settings.
When it comes to service, remember that your authorized
dealer knows your vehicle best, has factory-trained technicians and genuine MOPAR® parts, and cares about your
satisfaction.
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
2
CONTENTS
䡵 REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
▫ How To Use Remote Start. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
䡵 ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . .11
10 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM
This system uses the key fob to start the engine
conveniently from outside the vehicle while still
maintaining security. The system has a range of
approximately 300 ft (91 m).
How To Use Remote Start
All of the following conditions must be met before the
engine will remote start:
• Gear selector in PARK
• Doors closed
NOTE:
• Hood closed
• The vehicle must be equipped with an automatic transmission to be equipped with Remote Start.
• HAZARD switch off
• Obstructions between the vehicle and the key fob may
reduce this range.
• The Remote Start system will wait for the “Wait To Start”
amber telltale to extinguish before cranking the engine.
This allows time for the engine pre-heat cycle to pre-heat
the cylinder air, and is normal in cold weather. Refer to
“Instrument Cluster Display” in “Understanding Your
Instrument Panel” for further information on the “Wait
To Start” amber telltale and the pre-heat cycle.
• BRAKE switch inactive (brake pedal not pressed)
• Battery at an acceptable charge level
• PANIC button not pushed
• Fuel meets minimum requirement
• System not disabled from previous remote start event
• Vehicle security alarm not active
• Water In Fuel Indicator Light is not illuminated
• “Wait To Start” telltale is not illuminated
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE 11
WARNING!
• Do not start or run an engine in a closed garage or
confined area. Exhaust gas contains Carbon Monoxide (CO) which is odorless and colorless. Carbon
Monoxide is poisonous and can cause serious injury
or death when inhaled.
• Keep Remote Keyless Entry key fobs away from
children. Operation of the Remote Start System,
windows, door locks or other controls could cause
serious injury or death.
ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS
The diesel engine does not require a break-in period due to
its construction. Normal operation is allowed, providing
the following recommendations are followed:
• Warm up the engine before placing it under load.
• Do not operate the engine at idle for prolonged periods.
• Use the appropriate transmission gear to prevent engine
lugging.
• Observe vehicle oil pressure and temperature indicators.
• Check the coolant and oil levels frequently.
• Vary throttle position at highway speeds when carrying
or towing significant weight.
NOTE: Light duty operation such as light trailer towing or
no load operation will extend the time before the engine is
at full efficiency. Reduced fuel economy and power may be
seen at this time.
The engine oil installed in the engine at the factory is a
high-quality energy conserving type lubricant. Oil changes
should be consistent with anticipated climate conditions
under which vehicle operations will occur. The recommended viscosity and quality grades are shown under
“Fluids, Lubricants and Genuine Parts”, under “Maintaining Your Vehicle” in this manual. NON-DETERGENT OR
STRAIGHT MINERAL OILS MUST NEVER BE USED.
2
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
CONTENTS
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
▫ Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
䡵 WARNING AND INDICATOR LIGHTS . . . . . . . . .19
▫ Vehicle Information (Customer Information
Features). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
▫ Yellow Telltale Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER DISPLAY . . . . . . . . . . . .21
▫ Oil Life Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
▫ Fuel Filter Life Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
▫ Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Messages . . . . . . .25
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Warning Messages . . .28
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Fault Warning
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
3
14 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
Instrument Cluster
1. Tachometer
• Indicates the engine speed in revolutions per minute
(RPM x 1000).
2. Instrument Cluster Display
• When the appropriate conditions exist, this display
shows the Instrument Cluster Display messages. Refer
to “Instrument Cluster Display” in “Understanding
Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 15
3. Speedometer
• Indicates vehicle speed.
WARNING! (Continued)
4. Fuel Gauge
• The pointer shows the level of fuel in the fuel tank
when the ignition switch is in the ON/RUN position.
The fuel pump symbol points to the side of the
•
vehicle where the fuel filler door is located.
5. DEF Gauge
• The DEF Gauge displays the actual level of Diesel
Exhaust Fluid in the DEF tank. Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) is required to maintain normal vehicle operation
and emissions compliance. If something is wrong with
the gauge, a DEF Warning Message or Malfunction
Indicator Light (MIL) will be displayed. More information is available in the Instrument Cluster Display
section under the heading of Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) Warning Messages.
WARNING!
A hot engine cooling system is dangerous. You or
others could be badly burned by steam or boiling
coolant. You may want to call an authorized dealer for
(Continued)
service if your vehicle overheats. If you decide to look
under the hood yourself, see “Maintaining Your Vehicle.” Follow the warnings under the “Cooling System Pressure Cap” paragraph.
CAUTION!
Driving with a hot engine cooling system could damage your vehicle. If the temperature gauge reads “H”
pull over and stop the vehicle. Idle the vehicle with the
air conditioner turned off until the pointer drops back
into the normal range. If the pointer remains on the
“H”, turn the engine off immediately and call an
authorized dealer for service.
NOTE:
• The gauge may take up to five seconds to update after
adding a gallon or more of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) to
the DEF tank. If you have a fault related to the DEF
system, the gauge may not update to the new level. See
your authorized dealer for service.
3
16 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• The DEF gauge may also not immediately update after a
refill if the temperature of the DEF fluid is below 12F
(-11C). The DEF line heater will possibly warm up the
DEF fluid and allow the gauge to update after a period
of run time. Under very cold conditions, it is possible
that the gauge may not reflect the new fill level for
several drives.
• Outside temperature can affect DEF consumption. In
cold conditions, 12° F (-11° C) and below, the DEF gauge
needle can stay on a fixed position and may not move
for extended periods of time. This is a normal function of
the system.
Instrument Cluster
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 17
1. Tachometer
• Indicates the engine speed in revolutions per minute
(RPM x 1000).
2. Engine Coolant Temperature
• This gauge shows the engine coolant temperature. The
gauge pointer will likely show higher temperatures
when driving in hot weather, up mountain grades, or
in heavy stop and go traffic. If the red Warning Light
turns on while driving, safely bring the vehicle to a
stop, and turn off the engine. DO NOT operate the
vehicle until the cause is corrected.
WARNING!
A hot engine cooling system is dangerous. You or
others could be badly burned by steam or boiling
coolant. You may want to call an authorized dealer for
service if your vehicle overheats. If you decide to look
under the hood yourself, see “Maintaining Your Vehicle.” Follow the warnings under the “Cooling System Pressure Cap” paragraph.
CAUTION!
Driving with a hot engine cooling system could damage your vehicle. If the temperature gauge reads “H”
pull over and stop the vehicle. Idle the vehicle with the
air conditioner turned off until the pointer drops back
into the normal range. If the pointer remains on the
“H”, turn the engine off immediately and call an
authorized dealer for service.
3. Oil Pressure Gauge
• The pointer should always indicate some oil pressure
when the engine is running. A continuous high or low
reading under normal driving conditions may indicate
a lubrication system malfunction. Immediate service
should be obtained from an authorized dealer.
4. Speedometer
• Indicates vehicle speed.
5. Fuel Gauge
• The pointer shows the level of fuel in the fuel tank
when the ignition switch is in the ON/RUN position.
The fuel pump symbol points to the side of the
•
vehicle where the fuel filler door is located.
3
18 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
6. Instrument Cluster Display
• When the appropriate conditions exist, this display
shows the Instrument Cluster Display messages. Refer
to “Instrument Cluster Display” in “Understanding
Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
• The gauge may take up to five seconds to update after
adding a gallon or more of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) to
the DEF tank. If you have a fault related to the DEF
system, the gauge may not update to the new level. See
your authorized dealer for service.
7. DEF Gauge
• The DEF Gauge displays the actual level of Diesel
Exhaust Fluid in the DEF tank. Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) is required to maintain normal vehicle operation
and emissions compliance. If something is wrong with
the gauge, a DEF Warning Message or Malfunction
Indicator Light (MIL) will be displayed. More information is available in the Instrument Cluster Display
section under the heading of Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) Warning Messages.
• The DEF gauge may also not immediately update after a
refill if the temperature of the DEF fluid is below 12F
(-11C). The DEF line heater will possibly warm up the
DEF fluid and allow the gauge to update after a period
of run time. Under very cold conditions, it is possible
that the gauge may not reflect the new fill level for
several drives.
NOTE:
• The DEF tank on these vehicles is designed with a large
amount of full reserve. So the level sensor will indicate a
full reading even before the tank is completely full. To
put it another way, there’s additional storage capacity in
the tank above the Full mark that’s not represented in
the gauge. You may not see any movement in the
reading – even after driving up to 2,000 miles in some
cases.
• Outside temperature can affect DEF consumption. In
cold conditions, 12° F (-11° C) and below, the DEF gauge
needle can stay on a fixed position and may not move
for extended periods of time. This is a normal function of
the system.
CAUTION!
Driving with a hot engine cooling system could damage your vehicle. If the temperature gauge reads “H”
pull over and stop the vehicle. Idle the vehicle with the
(Continued)
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 19
CAUTION! (Continued)
air conditioner turned off until the pointer drops back
into the normal range. If the pointer remains on the
“H”, turn the engine off immediately and call an
authorized dealer for service.
WARNING AND INDICATOR LIGHTS
IMPORTANT: The warning / indicator lights switch on in
the instrument panel together with a dedicated message
and/or acoustic signal when applicable. These indications
are indicative and precautionary and as such must not be
considered as exhaustive and/or alternative to the information contained in the Owner’s Manual, which you are
advised to read carefully in all cases. Always refer to the
information in this chapter in the event of a failure indication.
All active telltales will display first if applicable. The
system check menu may appear different based upon
equipment options and current vehicle status. Some telltales are optional and may not appear.
Yellow Telltale Indicator Lights
Wait To Start Light — If Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Wait To Start Light
The “Wait To Start” telltale will illuminate for approximately two seconds when the ignition is
turned to the RUN position. It’s duration may be longer based on colder operating conditions.
Vehicle will not initiate start until telltale is no longer displayed. Refer to “Starting Procedures”
in “Starting and Operating” for further information.
NOTE: The “Wait To Start” telltale may not illuminate if the intake manifold temperature is
warm enough.
3
20 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
Water in Fuel Indicator Light — If Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Water in Fuel Indicator Light
The “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will illuminate when there is water detected in the fuel filters. If this light remains on, DO NOT start the vehicle before you drain the water from the fuel
filters to prevent engine damage.
Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Indicator Light — If
Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Indicator Light
The Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Indicator will illuminate if the vehicle is low on Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF). Refer to “Starting And Operating” for further information.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 21
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER DISPLAY
3
Instrument Cluster Display — Premium
Instrument Cluster Display — Base
The Instrument Cluster Display features a driverinteractive display that is located in the instrument cluster.
This system allows the driver to select a variety of useful
information by pushing the switches mounted on the
steering wheel. The Instrument Cluster Display may consist of the following:
• Digital Speedometer
• Vehicle Info
• Fuel Economy Info
• Trip A
22 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• Trip B
• Stop/Start Info (If Equipped)
• Trailer Tow
• Audio
• Stored Messages
• Screen Setup
• Vehicle Settings (Not Equipped with a Uconnect 5.0 &
8.4 radio)
• Settings
• Turn Menu Off
The system allows the driver to select information by
pushing the following buttons mounted on the steering
wheel:
Steering Wheel Buttons
• UP Arrow Button
Push and release the UP arrow button to scroll
upward through the main menu and submenus
(Fuel Economy, Trip A, Trip B, Audio, Stored
Messages, Screen Set Up).
• DOWN Arrow Button
Push and release the DOWN arrow button to
scroll downward through the main menu and
submenus (Fuel Economy, Trip A, Trip B, Audio,
Stored Messages, Screen Set Up).
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 23
• RIGHT Arrow Button
Vehicles Equipped With Passive Entry
Push and release the RIGHT arrow button to
access/select the information screens or submenu screens of a main menu item. Push and
hold the RIGHT arrow button for two seconds to
reset displayed/selected features that can be reset.
1. Without pushing the brake pedal, push the ENGINE
START/STOP button and place the ignition to the
ON/RUN position (do not start the engine).
• LEFT Arrow Button
Push the LEFT arrow button to access/select the
information screens or submenu screens of a
main menu item or to return to the main menu
from an info screen or submenu item.
Oil Life Reset
Your vehicle is equipped with an engine oil change indicator system. The “Oil Change Required” message will
display in the instrument cluster display after a single
chime has sounded, to indicate the next scheduled oil
change interval. The engine oil change indicator system is
duty cycle based, which means the engine oil change
interval may fluctuate, dependent upon your personal
driving style.
NOTE: Use the steering wheel instrument cluster display
controls for the following procedure(s).
2. Push and release the down
arrow button to scroll
downward through the main menu to “Vehicle Info.”
3. Push and release the right
”Oil Life” screen.
4. Push and hold the right
“Reset”.
arrow button to access the
arrow button to select
5. Push and release the appropriate arrow button to select
“YES” to reset the Oil Life.
arrow button to exit the
6. Push and release the up
instrument cluster display screen.
Vehicles Not Equipped With Passive Entry
1. Without pushing the brake pedal, cycle the ignition to
the ON/RUN position (do not start the engine).
arrow button to scroll
2. Push and release the down
downward through the main menu to “Vehicle Info.”
3
24 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
3. Push and release the right
“Oil Life” screen.
arrow button to access the
Vehicles Equipped With Passive Entry
4. Push and hold the right
Oil Life Reset.
arrow button to select the
1. Without pushing the brake pedal, push the ENGINE
START/STOP button and cycle the ignition to the ON/
RUN position (do not start the engine.)
5. Push and release the appropriate arrow button to select
“YES” to reset the Oil Life.
2. Push and release the DOWN
arrow button to scroll
downward through the main menu to “Vehicle Info”.
arrow button to exit the
6. Push and release the up
instrument cluster display screen.
3. Push and release the RIGHT
the ”Fuel Filter Life” screen.
NOTE: If the indicator message illuminates when you start
the vehicle, the Oil Life indicator system did not reset. If
necessary, repeat this procedure.
4. Push and release the appropriate arrow button to access
the “Reset” screen.
Fuel Filter Life Reset
The cluster will display the “Service Fuel Filter” message
when the fuel filter maintenance life is less than 5%. To
check the remaining fuel filter life, go to the “Fuel Filter
Life” screen in the “Vehicle Info” menu. When this message
appears, dealers should replace the fuel filter.
NOTE: Use the steering wheel button controls for the
following procedure(s)
arrow button to access
5. Push and release the appropriate arrow to select the
reset of the Fuel Filter Life.
arrow button to exit the
6. Push and release the UP
Instrument Cluster Display screen.
Vehicles Not Equipped With Passive Entry
1. Without pressing the brake pedal, cycle the ignition to
the ON/RUN position (do not start the engine.)
arrow button to scroll
2. Push and release the DOWN
downward through the main menu to “Vehicle Info”.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 25
3. Push and release the RIGHT
the ”Fuel Filter Life” screen.
arrow button to access
4. Push and release the appropriate arrow button to access
the “Reset” screen.
5. Push and release the appropriate arrow to select the
reset of the Fuel Filter Life.
arrow button to exit the
6. Push and release the UP
Instrument Cluster Display screen.
NOTE: If the indicator message illuminates when you start
the vehicle, the Fuel Filter indicator system did not reset. If
necessary, repeat this procedure.
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Messages
This engine meets all required diesel engine emissions
standards. To achieve these emissions standards, your
vehicle is equipped with a state-of-the-art engine and
exhaust system. These systems are seamlessly integrated
into your vehicle and managed by the Powertrain Control
Module (PCM). The PCM manages engine combustion to
allow the exhaust system’s catalyst to trap and burn
Particulate Matter (PM) pollutants, with no input or interaction on your part.
WARNING!
A hot exhaust system can start a fire if you park over
materials that can burn. Such materials might be grass
or leaves coming into contact with your exhaust system. Do not park or operate your vehicle in areas where
your exhaust system can contact anything that can
burn.
Your vehicle has the ability to alert you to additional
maintenance required on your vehicle or engine. Refer to
the following messages that may be displayed on your
instrument cluster:
• Exhaust Filter XX% Full Safely Drive at Highway
Speeds to Remedy — This message will be displayed in
the instrument cluster if the exhaust particulate filter
reaches 80% of its maximum storage capacity. Under
conditions of exclusive short duration and low speed
driving cycles, your diesel engine and exhaust aftertreatment system may never reach the conditions required to cleanse the filter to remove the trapped PM. If
this occurs, the “Exhaust Filter XX% Full Safely Drive at
Highway Speeds to Remedy” message will be displayed
in the Instrument Cluster Display. If this message is
displayed, you will hear one chime to assist in alerting
3
26 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
you of this condition. By simply driving your vehicle at
highway speeds for up to 20 minutes, you can remedy
the condition in the particulate filter system and allow
your diesel engine and exhaust after-treatment system to
cleanse the filter to remove the trapped PM and restore
the system to normal operating condition.
• Exhaust System — Regeneration In Process Exhaust
Filter XX% Full — This message indicates that the
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) is self-cleaning. Maintain
your current driving condition until regeneration is
completed.
• Exhaust System — Regeneration Completed — This
message indicates that the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
self-cleaning is completed. If this message is displayed,
you will hear one chime to assist in alerting you of this
condition.
• Exhaust Service Required — See Dealer Now — This
messages indicates regeneration has been disabled due
to a system malfunction. At this point the engine Powertrain Control Module (PCM) will register a fault code,
the instrument panel will display a MIL light.
CAUTION!
See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
system could occur soon with continued operation.
• Exhaust Filter Full — Power Reduced See Dealer —
This message indicates the PCM has derated the engine
to limit the likelihood of permanent damage to the
after-treatment system. If this condition is not corrected
and a dealer service is not performed, extensive exhaust
after-treatment damage can occur. To correct this condition it will be necessary to have your vehicle serviced by
your local authorized dealer.
CAUTION!
See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
system could occur soon with continued operation.
Displays
When the appropriate conditions exist, the Instrument
Cluster Display displays the following messages:
• System Setup Unavailable – Vehicle Not in Park
• System Setup Unavailable – Vehicle in Motion
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 27
• Exhaust Filter Full Safely Drive at Highway Speeds To
Remedy
Vehicle Information (Customer Information
Features)
• Exhaust Filter XX% Full – Power Reduced See Dealer
Vehicle Information Submenus
• Exhaust Service Required – See Dealer Now
• Battery Voltage
• Exhaust System – Filter XX% Full Service Required See
Dealer
Displays the actual battery voltage.
• Exhaust System – Regeneration In Process Exhaust Filter
XX% Full
Displays the life of the fuel filter.
• Exhaust System – Regeneration Completed
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi DEF Low Refill
Soon
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi Refill DEF
• Engine Will Not Restart Refill DEF
• Service DEF System See Dealer
• Incorrect DEF Detected See Dealer
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXX mi Service DEF See
Dealer
• Engine Will Not Restart Service DEF System See Dealer
• Fuel Filter Life
• Oil Pressure
Displays the actual oil pressure.
• Oil Temperature
Displays the actual oil temperature.
• Trans Temperature
Displays the actual transmission sump temperature.
• Coolant Temp
Displays the actual coolant temperature.
• Tire Pressure Monitor System
Displays the actual tire pressure.
3
28 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• Engine Hours
Displays the actual engine hours.
Gauge Summary (Coolant Temp, Trans Temp, Oil Temp,
Oil Pressure)
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Warning Messages
Your vehicle will begin displaying warning messages when
the DEF level reaches a driving range of approximately 500
miles (800 km). If the following warning message sequence
is ignored, your vehicle may not restart unless DEF is
added with in the displayed mileage shown in the cluster
message.
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi DEF Low Refill
Soon — This message will display when DEF driving
range is less than 500 miles, DEF fluid top off is required
with in the displayed mileage. The message will be
displayed in the cluster during vehicle start up with the
current allowed mileage and accompanied by a single
chime. The remaining mileage can be pulled up anytime
by way of the “Messages” list within the Instrument
Cluster Display
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXXX mi Refill DEF — This
message will display when DEF driving range is less
than 200 miles. It is also displayed at 150 miles and
100 miles. DEF fluid top off is required with in the
displayed mileage. The message will be displayed in the
Instrument Cluster Display during vehicle start up with
an updated distance mileage, and it will be accompanied
by a single chime. Starting at 100 miles, remaining range
will be continuously displayed while operating the
vehicle. Chimes will also accompany the 75, 50 and 25
mile remaining distances. The DEF Low telltale will be
on continuously until DEF fluid is topped off.
• Engine Will Not Restart Refill DEF — This message
will display when the DEF driving range is less than 1
mile, DEF fluid top off is required or the engine will not
restart. The message will be displayed in the Instrument
Cluster Display during vehicle start up, and it will be
accompanied by a single chime. The DEF Low telltale
will be illuminated continuously until DEF fluid tank is
filled with a minimum of two gallons of DEF.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 29
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Fault Warning
Messages
There are different messages which are displayed if the
vehicle detects that the DEF system has been filled with a
fluid other than DEF, has experienced component failures,
or when tampering has been detected.
When the DEF system needs to be serviced the following
warnings will display:
• Service DEF System See Dealer — This message will
display when the fault is initially detected and each time
the vehicle is started. The message will be accompanied
by a single chime and the Malfunction Indicator Light.
We recommend you drive to your nearest authorized
dealer and have your vehicle serviced immediately. If
not corrected in 50 miles, vehicle will enter the “Engine
Will not restart in XXXmi Service DEF See dealer”
warning stage and message.
• Incorrect DEF Detected See Dealer — This message will
display if the DEF system has detected the incorrect
fluid has been introduced to the DEF tank. The message
will be accompanied by a single chime. We recommend
you drive to your nearest authorized dealer and have
your vehicle serviced immediately. If not corrected in
30 miles, vehicle will enter the “Engine Will not restart in
XXX mi Service DEF See dealer” warning stage and
message.
• Engine Will Not Restart in XXX mi Service DEF See
Dealer — This message is first displayed if the fault
detected is not serviced after 50 miles of operation. It is
also displayed at 150 miles 125 miles and 100 miles.
System service is required within the displayed mileage.
The message will be displayed during vehicle start up
with an updated distance mileage, and it will be accompanied by a single chime. Starting at 100 miles, remaining range will be continuously displayed while operating the vehicle. Chimes will also accompany the 75, 50
and 25 mile remaining distances. We recommend you
drive to your nearest authorized dealer and have your
vehicle serviced immediately.
• Engine Will Not Restart Service DEF System See
Dealer — This message will display if DEF system issue
detected is not serviced during the allowed period. Your
engine will not restart unless your vehicle is serviced by
your authorized dealer. This message will be displayed
when under 1 mile until engine will not start and each
time the vehicle is started, and will be continuously
displayed. The message will be accompanied by a single
3
30 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
chime. Your Malfunction Indicator Light will be continuously illumined. We highly recommend you drive to
your nearest authorized dealer if the message appears
while engine is running.
• Engine Will Not Start Service DEF System See Dealer
— This message will display when the fault detected is
not serviced after the Engine will not restart Service DEF
System See Dealer message is displayed on the next
subsequent restart. Your engine will not start unless
your vehicle is serviced by your authorized dealer. The
message will be accompanied by a single chime. Your
Malfunction Indicator Light will be continuously illuminated. If the message appears and you can not start the
engine, we recommend you have your vehicle towed to
your nearest authorized dealer immediately.
STARTING AND OPERATING
CONTENTS
䡵 STARTING PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
䡵 ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED . . . . .40
▫ Normal Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
䡵 FUEL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
▫ Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
▫ Fuel Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
▫ Keyless Enter-N-Go — Ignition . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
▫ Biodiesel Fuel Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
▫ Extreme Cold Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
䡵 DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
▫ Starting Fluids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
▫ System Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
䡵 NORMAL OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
䡵 ADDING FUEL — 1500 DIESEL MODELS . . . . . . .45
▫ Cold Weather Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
▫ Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
▫ Engine Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
▫ Bulk Fuel Storage — Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . .48
▫ Stopping The Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
▫ Cooling System Tips — Automatic Transmission. .39
▫ Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
4
32 STARTING AND OPERATING
STARTING PROCEDURES
WARNING! (Continued)
Before starting your vehicle, adjust your seat, both inside
and outside mirrors, and fasten your seat belts.
The starter is allowed to crank for up to 30-second intervals. Waiting a few minutes between such intervals will
protect the starter from overheating.
WARNING!
• Before exiting a vehicle, always shift the automatic
transmission into PARK and apply the parking
brake. Always make sure the keyless ignition node is
in the “OFF” mode, remove the key fob from the
vehicle and lock the vehicle.
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Leaving children in a
vehicle unattended is dangerous for a number of
reasons. A child or others could be seriously or
fatally injured. Children should be warned not to
touch the parking brake, brake pedal or the gear
selector.
(Continued)
• Do not leave the key fob in or near the vehicle, or in
a location accessible to children, and do not leave the
ignition of a vehicle equipped with Keyless EnterN-Go in the ACC or ON/RUN mode. A child could
operate power windows, other controls, or move the
vehicle.
• Do not leave children or animals inside parked
vehicles in hot weather. Interior heat build-up may
cause serious injury or death.
NOTE: Engine start up in very low ambient temperature
could result in evident white smoke. This condition will
disappear as the engine warms up.
CAUTION!
• The engine is allowed to crank as long as 30 seconds.
If the engine fails to start during this period, please
wait at least two minutes for the starter to cool before
repeating start procedure.
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 33
CAUTION! (Continued)
• If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on,
DO NOT START engine before you drain the water
from the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
Normal Starting
Normal starting of either a warm or cold engine is obtained
without pumping or pressing the accelerator pedal. Turn
the key fob to the START position and release when the
engine starts. If the engine fails to start, turn the key fob to
the OFF position, wait five seconds, then repeat the “Normal Starting” procedure.
Automatic Transmission
Start the engine with the transmission gear selector in the
PARK position. Apply the brake before shifting to any
driving range.
Tip Start Feature
Do not press the accelerator. Cycle the ignition switch
briefly to the START position and release it. The starter
motor will continue to run but will automatically disengage when the engine is running.
Keyless Enter-N-Go — Ignition
4
This feature allows the driver to operate
the ignition switch with the push of a
button, as long as the Remote Start/
Keyless Enter-N-Go key fob is in the
passenger compartment.
Normal Starting Procedure — Keyless Enter-N-Go
Observe the instrument panel cluster lights when starting
the engine.
NOTE: Normal starting of either a cold or a warm engine
is obtained without pumping or pressing the accelerator
pedal
1. Always apply the parking brake.
34 STARTING AND OPERATING
2. Press and hold the brake pedal while pushing the
ENGINE START/STOP button once.
NOTE: A delay of the start of up to five seconds is possible
under very cold conditions. The ⬙Wait to Start⬙ telltale will
be illuminated during the pre-heat process, When the
engine Wait To Start light goes off the engine will automatically crank.
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START the engine before you drain the water
from the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information.
3. The system will automatically engage the starter to
crank the engine. If the vehicle fails to start, the starter
will disengage automatically after 25 seconds.
4. If you wish to stop the cranking of the engine prior to
the engine starting, push the button again.
5. Check that the oil pressure warning light has turned off.
6. Release the parking brake.
Extreme Cold Weather
The engine block heater is a resistance heater installed in the
water jacket of the engine. It requires a 110–115 Volt AC
electrical outlet with a grounded, three-wire extension cord.
Its use is recommended for environments that routinely fall
below -10°F (-23°C). It should be used when the vehicle has
not been running overnight or longer periods and should be
plugged in two hours prior to start. Its use is required for
cold starts with temperatures under -20°F (-28°C).
NOTE: The engine block heater cord is a factory installed
option. If your vehicle is not equipped, heater cords are
available from your authorized MOPAR dealer.
• A 12 Volt heater built into the fuel filter housing aids in
preventing fuel gelling. It is controlled by a built-in
thermostat.
• A Diesel Pre-Heat system both improves engine starting
and reduces the amount of white smoke generated by a
warming engine.
Starting Fluids
The engine is equipped with a glow plug preheating
system. If the instructions in this manual are followed, the
engine should start in all conditions and no type of starting
fluid should be used.
STARTING AND OPERATING 35
WARNING!
• Do not leave children or animals inside parked
vehicles in hot weather. Interior heat build up may
cause serious injury or death.
• When leaving the vehicle, always make sure the
keyless ignition node is in the “OFF” mode, remove
the key fob from the vehicle and lock the vehicle.
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a number
of reasons. A child or others could be seriously or
fatally injured. Children should be warned not to
touch the parking brake, brake pedal or the gear
selector.
• Do not leave the key fob in or near the vehicle, or in
a location accessible to children, and do not leave the
ignition of a vehicle equipped with Keyless EnterN-Go in the ACC or ON/RUN mode. A child could
operate power windows, other controls, or move the
vehicle.
NORMAL OPERATION
Observe the following when the diesel engine is operating.
• All message center lights are off.
• Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) is off.
• Engine Oil Pressure telltale is not illuminated.
• Voltmeter operation:
The voltmeter may show a gauge fluctuation at various
engine temperatures. This is caused by the glow plug
heating system. The number of cycles and the length of the
cycling operation is controlled by the engine control module. Glow plug heater operation can run for several minutes, once the heater operation is complete the voltmeter
needle will stabilize.
4
36 STARTING AND OPERATING
Cold Weather Precautions
Fuel Operating Range
Operation in ambient temperature below 32°F (0°C) may
require special considerations. The following charts suggest these options:
NOTE: Use “Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuels” ONLY.
Fuel Operating Range Chart
*No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel should only be used
where extended arctic conditions (0°F/-18°C) exist.
STARTING AND OPERATING 37
NOTE:
Winter Front Usage
• Use of Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel or
Number 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel results in a
noticeable decrease in fuel economy.
• Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel is a blend of
Number 2 Ultra Low Sulfur and Number 1 Ultra Low
Sulfur Diesel Fuels which reduces the temperature at
which wax crystals form in fuel.
4
• The fuel grade should be clearly marked on the pump at
the fuel station.
• The engine requires the use of “Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel
Fuel”. Use of incorrect fuel could result in engine and
exhaust system damage. Refer to “Fuel Requirements”
in “Starting And Operating” for further information.
• If climatized or diesel Number 1 ULSD fuel is not
available, and you are operating below (20°F/-6°C), in
sustained arctic conditions, Mopar Premium Diesel Fuel
Treatment (or equivalent) is recommended to avoid
gelling (see Fuel Operating Range Chart).
Engine Oil Usage
Refer to “Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your
Vehicle” for the correct engine oil viscosity.
Winter Front Cover
A winter front or cold weather cover is to be used in
ambient temperatures below 32°F (0°C), especially during
extended idle conditions. This cover is equipped with four
flaps for managing total grille opening in varying ambient
temperatures. If a winter front or cold weather cover is to
be used the flaps should be in the full open position to
allow air flow to the charge air cooler and automatic
transmission oil cooler. When ambient temperatures drop
38 STARTING AND OPERATING
below 0°F (-17°C) the four flaps need to be closed. A
suitable cold weather cover is available from your MOPAR
dealer.
Engine Warm-Up
Avoid full throttle operation when the engine is cold. When
starting a cold engine, bring the engine up to operating
speed slowly to allow the oil pressure to stabilize as the
engine warms up.
If temperatures are below 32°F (0°C), operate the engine at
moderate speeds for five minutes before full loads are
applied.
Engine Idling
completely. Incomplete combustion allows carbon and
varnish to form on piston rings, cylinder head valves, and
injector nozzles. Also, the unburned fuel can enter the
crankcase, diluting the oil and causing rapid wear to the
engine.
Stopping The Engine
After full load operation, idle the engine for a few minutes
before shutting it down. This idle period will allow the
lubricating oil and coolant to carry excess heat away from
the turbocharger.
NOTE: Refer to the following chart for proper engine
shutdown.
Avoid prolonged idling, long periods of idling may be
harmful to your engine because combustion chamber temperatures can drop so low that the fuel may not burn
Driving Condition
Load
Turbocharger Temperature
Stop and Go
Stop and Go
Highway Speeds
City Traffic
Empty
Medium
Medium
Maximum GCWR
Cool
Warm
Idle Time (min.) Before
Engine Shutdown
None
0.5
1.0
1.5
STARTING AND OPERATING 39
Driving Condition
Load
Turbocharger Temperature
Highway Speeds
Uphill Grade
Maximum GCWR
Maximum GCWR
Hot
NOTE: Under certain conditions the engine fan will run
after the engine is turned off. These conditions are under
high load and high temperature conditions.
Cooling System Tips — Automatic Transmission
To reduce the potential for engine and transmission overheating in high ambient temperature conditions, take the
following actions:
• City Driving — When stopped, shift the transmission
into NEUTRAL and increase engine idle speed.
• Highway Driving — Reduce your speed.
• Up Steep Hills — Select a lower transmission gear.
• Air Conditioning — Turn it off temporarily.
NOTE: If the coolant temperature is too high the A/C will
automatically turn off.
Idle Time (min.) Before
Engine Shutdown
2.0
2.5
Do Not Operate The Engine With Low Oil Pressure
If the low oil pressure warning light turns on while
driving, stop the vehicle and shut down the engine as soon
as possible. A chime will sound when the light turns on.
NOTE: Do not operate the vehicle until the cause is
corrected. This light does not show how much oil is in the
engine. The engine oil level must be checked under the
hood.
CAUTION!
If oil pressure falls to less than normal readings, shut
the engine off immediately. Failure to do so could
result in immediate and severe engine damage.
4
40 STARTING AND OPERATING
Do Not Operate The Engine With Failed Parts
All engine failures give some warning before the parts fail.
Be on the alert for changes in performance, sounds, and
visual evidence that the engine requires service. Some
important clues are:
• Engine misfiring or vibrating severely.
• Sudden loss of power.
• Unusual engine noises.
• Fuel, oil or coolant leaks.
• Sudden change, outside the normal operating range, in
the engine operating temperature.
• Excessive smoke.
• Oil pressure drop.
plugged in two hours prior to start. Its use is required for
cold starts with temperatures under -20°F (-28°C).
To ensure reliable starting at these temperatures, use of an
externally powered electric engine block heater (available
from your authorized dealer) is recommended.
WARNING!
Remember to disconnect the cord before driving. Damage to the 110–115 Volt electrical cord could cause
electrocution.
NOTE: The block heater will require 110 Volts AC and
6.5 Amps to activate the heater element.
FUEL REQUIREMENTS
The engine block heater warms engine coolant and permits
quicker starts in cold weather. Connect the heater cord to a
ground-fault interrupter protected 110–115 Volt AC electrical outlet with a grounded, three-wire extension cord.
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in
your vehicle. Federal law requires that you must fuel this
vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel
(15 ppm Sulfur maximum) and prohibits the use of Low
Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum) to
avoid damage to the emissions control system.
Its use is recommended for environments that routinely fall
below -10°F (-23°C). It should be used when the vehicle has
not been running for long periods of time and should be
For most year-round service, No. 2 diesel fuel meeting
ASTM (formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials) specification D-975 Grade S15 will
ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED
STARTING AND OPERATING 41
provide good performance. If the vehicle is exposed to
extreme cold (below 20°F or -7°C), or is required to operate
at colder-than-normal conditions for prolonged periods,
use climatized No. 2 diesel fuel or dilute the No. 2 diesel
fuel with 50% No. 1 diesel fuel. This will provide better
protection from fuel gelling or wax-plugging of the fuel
filter.
WARNING!
Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending agent.
They can be unstable under certain conditions and
hazardous or explosive when mixed with diesel fuel.
Diesel fuel is seldom completely free of water. To prevent
fuel system trouble, drain the accumulated water from the
fuel/water separator using the fuel/water separator drain
provided on the fuel filter housing. If you buy good quality
fuel and follow the cold weather advice above, fuel conditioners should not be required in your vehicle. If available
in your area, a high cetane “premium” diesel fuel may offer
improved cold-starting and warm-up performance.
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START engine before you drain the water from
the fuel filter(s) to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information.
Fuel Specifications
This diesel engine has been developed to take advantage of
the high energy content and generally lower cost No. 2
Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel or No. 2 Ultra Low Sulfur
climatized diesel fuels.
NOTE:
• If you accidentally fill the fuel tank with gasoline on
your diesel vehicle, do not start the engine. Damage to
the engine and fuel system could occur. Please call your
authorized dealer for service.
• A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM
specification D-975 may be used with your diesel engine
without any adjustments to regular service schedules.
4
42 STARTING AND OPERATING
• Commercially available fuel additives are not necessary
for the proper operation of your diesel engine.
• No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel should only be used
where extended arctic conditions (-10°F or -23°C) exist.
Biodiesel Fuel Requirements
A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM specification D975 is recommended for use with your diesel
engine. If frequent operation with biodiesel blends that are
between 6% and 20% (B6–B20) is desired, the maintenance
schedule is subject to shorter intervals.
The oil and filter change along with fuel filter replacement
is subject to shorter intervals when operating your engine
on biodiesel greater than 5%. Do not use biodiesel greater
than 20%.
For regular use of biodiesel blends between 6% and 20%
(B6–B20) it is important that you understand and comply
with these requirements. Refer to the “Maintenance Chart”
in the “Maintenance Schedules” section for further direction.
CAUTION!
Failure to comply with Oil Change requirements for
vehicles operating on biodiesel blends between 6%
and 20% (B6–B20) will result in premature engine wear.
Such wear is not covered by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty.
Biodiesel is a fuel produced from renewable resources
typically derived from animal fat, rapeseed oil (Rapeseed
Methyl Ester (RME) base), or soybean oil (Soy Methyl Ester
(SME or SOME) base).
Biodiesel fuel has inherent limitations which require that
you understand and adhere to the following requirements
if you use blends of biodiesel between 6% and 20%
(B6–B20). There are no unique restrictions for the use of B5.
CAUTION!
Use of blends greater than 20% is not approved. Use of
blends greater than 20% can result in engine damage.
Such damage is not covered by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty.
STARTING AND OPERATING 43
Biodiesel Fuel Properties — Low Ambient
Temperatures
Fuel Water Separation — Must Use MOPAR
Approved Fuel Filter Elements
Biodiesel fuel may gel or solidify at low ambient temperatures, which may pose problems for both storage and
operation. Precautions can be necessary at low ambient
temperatures, such as storing the fuel in a heated building
or a heated storage tank, or using cold temperature additives.
Biodiesel fuel has a natural affinity to water and water
accelerates microbial growth. Your MOPAR filtration system is designed to provide adequate fuel water separation
capabilities.
Fuel Quality — Must Comply With ASTM
Standards
Fuel dilution of lubricating oil has been observed with the
use of biodiesel fuel. Fuel in oil must not exceed 5%. To
ensure this limit is met your oil change interval must be
maintained with in the suggested schedule. The regular
use of biodiesel between 6% and 20% requires intervals
shorter than the outlined 10,000 miles and must not exceed
the suggested schedule. When routinely operating on
biodiesel between 6% and 20%, oil and filter replacement
intervals must not exceed 8,000 Miles or 6 months, which
ever comes first.
The quality of biodiesel fuel may vary widely. Only fuel
produced by a BQ9000 supplier to the following specifications may be blended to meet biodiesel blend B6 – B20 fuel
meeting ASTM specification D-7467:
• Petrodiesel fuel meeting ASTM specification D-975 and
biodiesel fuel (B100) meeting ASTM specification D-6751
Fuel Oxidation Stability — Must Use Fuel Within
Six Months Of Manufacture
Biodiesel fuel has poor oxidation stability which can result
in long term storage problems. Fuel produced to approved
ASTM standards, if stored properly, provides for protection against fuel oxidation for up to six months.
Fuel In Oil Dilution — Must Adhere To Required
Oil Change Interval
Biodiesel Fuel Filter Change Intervals
The use of biodiesel requires intervals shorter than the
outlined 30,000 miles (48,280 km) and must not exceed the
4
44 STARTING AND OPERATING
suggested schedule. When operating on biodiesel between
6% and 20%, fuel filter replacement intervals must not
exceed 20,000 Miles (40,233 km).
NOTE: Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 8,000 miles (12,875 km) or 6 months, if regular
operation occurs with 6% - 20% biodiesel blends. Under no
circumstances should fuel filter intervals exceed 20,000
miles (40,233 km), if regular operation occurs with 6% 20% biodiesel blends. Failure to comply with these Oil
Change and fuel filter requirements for vehicles operating
on biodiesel blends up to B20 may result in premature
engine wear. Such wear is not covered by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. The engine may suffer severe damage if
operated with concentrations of biodiesel higher than 20%.
DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID
Your vehicle is equipped with a Selective Catalytic Reduction system to meet the very stringent diesel emissions
standards required by the Environmental Protection
Agency.
The purpose of the SCR system is to reduce levels of NOx
(oxides of nitrogen emitted from engines) that are harmful
to our health and the environment to a near-zero level.
Small quantities of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is injected
into the exhaust upstream of a catalyst where, when
vaporized, it converts smog-forming nitrogen oxides
(NOx) into harmless nitrogen (N2) and water vapor (H2O),
two natural components of the air we breathe. You can
operate with the comfort that your vehicle is contributing
to a cleaner, healthier world environment for this and
generations to come.
System Overview
This vehicle is equipped with a Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)
injection system and a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)
catalyst to meet the emission requirements.
The DEF injection system consists of the following components:
• DEF tank
• DEF pump
• DEF injector
• Electronically-heated DEF lines
• NOx sensors
• Temperature sensors
• SCR catalyst
STARTING AND OPERATING 45
The DEF injection system and SCR catalyst enable the
achievement of diesel emissions requirements; while maintaining outstanding fuel economy, drivability, torque and
power ratings.
Refer to “Instrument Cluster Display” in “Understanding
Your Instrument Panel” for system messages and warnings.
4
NOTE:
• Your vehicle is equipped with a DEF injection system.
You may occasionally hear an audible clicking noise
from under the vehicle at a stop. This is normal operation.
• The DEF pump will run for a period of time after engine
shutdown to purge the DEF system. This is normal
operation and may be audible from the rear of the
vehicle.
ADDING FUEL — 1500 DIESEL MODELS
1. Open the fuel filler door.
Diesel Fuel And Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
1 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
2 — Diesel Fuel Fill Location
NOTE: There is no fuel filler cap. A flapper door inside the
filler pipe seals the system.
2. Insert the fuel nozzle fully into the filler pipe – the
nozzle opens and holds the flapper door while refueling.
46 STARTING AND OPERATING
3. Fill the vehicle with fuel – when the fuel nozzle “clicks”
or shuts off the fuel tank is full.
4. Remove the fuel nozzle and close the fuel door.
Emergency Fuel Can Refueling
Most fuel cans will not open the flapper door.
A funnel is provided to open the flapper door to allow
emergency refueling with a fuel can.
Fuel Fill Funnel Location 1500 Models
2. Insert funnel into same filler pipe opening as the fuel
nozzle.
Diesel Fuel And DEF Fluid Filler Door
1. Retrieve fuel funnel from the jack kit located under the
front passenger seat.
STARTING AND OPERATING 47
WARNING!
Emergency Fuel Fill Location
• Never have any smoking materials lit in or near the
vehicle when the fuel door is open or the tank is
being filled.
• Never add fuel when the engine is running. This is
in violation of most state and federal fire regulations
and may cause the “Malfunction Indicator Light” to
turn on.
• A fire may result if fuel is pumped into a portable
container that is inside of a vehicle. You could be
burned. Always place fuel containers on the ground
while filling.
NOTE: Ensure funnel is inserted fully to hold flapper door
open.
CAUTION!
3. Pour fuel into funnel opening.
4. Remove funnel from filler pipe, clean off prior to putting
back in the jack kit.
To avoid fuel spillage and overfilling, do not “top off”
the fuel tank after filling.
Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel
Fuel that is contaminated by water or dirt can cause severe
damage to the engine fuel system. Proper maintenance of
the engine fuel filter and fuel tank is essential. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle”
for further information.
4
48 STARTING AND OPERATING
Bulk Fuel Storage — Diesel Fuel
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage
If you store quantities of fuel, good maintenance of the
stored fuel is also essential. Fuel contaminated with water
will promote the growth of “microbes.” These microbes
form “slime” that will clog the fuel filtration system and
lines. Drain condensation from the supply tank and change
the line filter on a regular basis.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is considered a very stable
product with a long shelf life. If DEF is kept in temperatures between 10° and 90°F (-12° and 32°C), it will last a
minimum of one year.
NOTE: When a diesel engine is allowed to run out of fuel,
air is pulled into the fuel system.
If the vehicle will not start, refer to “Maintenance
Procedures/Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel”
in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
WARNING!
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
injury or death.
DEF is subject to freezing at the lowest temperatures. For
example, DEF may freeze at temperatures at or below
12° F (-11° C). The system has been designed to operate in
this environment.
NOTE: When working with DEF, it is important to know
that:
• Any containers or parts that come into contact with DEF
must be DEF compatible (plastic or stainless steel).
Copper, brass, aluminum, iron or non-stainless steel
should be avoided as they are subject to corrosion
by DEF.
• If DEF is spilled, it should be wiped up completely.
STARTING AND OPERATING 49
Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid
DEF Fill Procedure
The DEF gauge (located on the instrument cluster) will
display the level of DEF remaining in the tank. Refer to
“Instrument Cluster” and “Instrument Cluster Descriptions” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
NOTE: Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for the correct fluid type.
1. Remove cap from DEF tank (located on drivers side of
the vehicle or in fuel door).
NOTE:
4
• Driving conditions (altitude, vehicle speed, load, etc.)
will effect the amount of DEF that is used in your
vehicle.
• Another factor is that outside temperature can affect
DEF consumption. In cold conditions, 12° F (-11° C) and
below, the DEF gauge needle can stay on a fixed position
and may not move for extended periods of time. This is
a normal function of the system.
• There is an electric heater inside the DEF tank that
automatically works when necessary. And if the DEF
supply does freeze, the truck will operate normally until
it thaws.
DEF Filler Cap And Fuel Fill 1500/2500/3500 Models
1 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
2 — Fuel Fill Location
50 STARTING AND OPERATING
2. Insert DEF fill adapter/nozzle into DEF tank filler neck.
NOTE:
• The DEF gauge may take up to five seconds to update
after adding a gallon or more of Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) to the DEF tank. If you have a fault related to the
DEF system, the gauge may not update to the new level.
See your authorized dealer for service.
• The DEF gauge may also not immediately update after a
refill if the temperature of the DEF fluid is below 12F
(-11C). The DEF line heater will possibly warm up the
DEF fluid and allow the gauge to update after a period
of run time. Under very cold conditions, it is possible
that the gauge may not reflect the new fill level for
several drives.
CAUTION!
• To avoid DEF spillage, and possible damage to the
DEF tank from overfilling, do not “top off” the DEF
tank after filling.
• DO NOT OVERFILL. DEF will freeze below 12ºF
(-11ºC). The DEF system is designed to work in
temperatures below the DEF freezing point, however, if the tank is overfilled and freezes, the system
could be damaged.
• When DEF is spilled, clean the area immediately
with water and use an absorbent material to soak up
the spills on the ground.
• Do not attempt to start your engine if DEF is accidentally added to the diesel fuel tank as it can result
in severe damage to your engine, including but not
limited to failure of the fuel pump and injectors.
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 51
CAUTION! (Continued)
• Never add anything other than DEF to the tank –
especially any form of hydrocarbon such as diesel
fuel, fuel system additives, gasoline, or any other
petroleum-based product. Even a very small amount
of these, less than 100 parts per million or less than
1 oz. per 78 gallons (295 liters) will contaminate the
entire DEF system and will require replacement. If
owners use a container, funnel or nozzle when refilling the tank, it should either be new or one that is
has only been used for adding DEF. MOPAR provides an attachable nozzle with its DEF for this
purpose.
3. Stop filling the DEF tank immediately when any of the
following happen: DEF stops flowing from the fill bottle
into the DEF tank, DEF splashes out the filler neck, or a
DEF pump nozzle automatically shuts off.
4. Reinstall cap onto DEF tank.
Filling The Def Tank In Cold Climates
Since DEF will begin to freeze at 12°F (-11°C), your vehicle
is equipped with an automatic DEF heating system. This
allows the DEF injection system to operate properly at
temperatures below 12°F (-11°C). If your vehicle is not in
operation for an extended period of time with temperatures below 12°F (-11°C), the DEF in the tank may freeze. If
the tank is overfilled and freezes, it could be damaged.
Therefore, do not overfill the DEF tank.
Extra care should be taken when filling with portable
containers to avoid overfilling. Note the level of the DEF
gauge in your instrument cluster. You may safely add a
maximum of 2 gallons (7.5 Liters) of DEF from portable
containers when your DEF gauge is reading ½ full.
4
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CONTENTS
䡵 ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 3.0L DIESEL . . . . . .54
▫ Maintenance-Free Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
䡵 MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
▫ Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
▫ Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
▫ Charge Air Cooler — Inter-Cooler . . . . . . . . . . .69
▫ Engine Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
▫ Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
▫ Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter . . . . . . . . .60
䡵 FLUID CAPACITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
▫ Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement. . . .61
䡵 FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE PARTS . . .72
▫ Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel . . . .62
▫ Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
▫ Intervention Regeneration Strategy — Message
Process Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
▫ Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
5
54 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 3.0L DIESEL
1
2
3
4
— Air Cleaner Filter
— Engine Oil Dipstick
— Engine Oil Fill
— Brake Fluid Reservoir
5
6
7
8
—
—
—
—
Battery
Power Distribution Center (PDC)
Washer Fluid Reservoir
Engine Coolant
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 55
MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
CAUTION! (Continued)
The pages that follow contain the required maintenance
services determined by the engineers who designed your
vehicle.
Besides those maintenance items specified in the fixed
maintenance schedule, there are other components which
may require servicing or replacement in the future.
CAUTION!
• Failure to properly maintain your vehicle or perform
repairs and service when necessary could result in
more costly repairs, damage to other components or
negatively impact vehicle performance. Immediately
have potential malfunctions examined by an authorized dealership or qualified repair center.
• Your vehicle has been built with improved fluids
that protect the performance and durability of your
vehicle and also allow extended maintenance intervals. Do not use chemical flushes in these components as the chemicals can damage your engine,
transmission, power steering or air conditioning.
Such damage is not covered by the New Vehicle
(Continued)
Limited Warranty. If a flush is needed because of
component malfunction, use only the specified fluid
for the flushing procedure.
Engine Oil
Engine Oil Selection
For best performance and maximum protection under all
types of operating conditions, the manufacturer recommends engine oils that meet the requirements of FCA
Material Standard MS-10902, and that are API CJ-4 certified
and meet the requirements of FCA LLC.
Checking Oil Level
To assure proper lubrication of your vehicle’s engine, the
engine oil must be maintained at the correct level. Check
the oil level at regular intervals. The best time to check the
oil level is before starting the engine after it has been
parked overnight. When checking oil after operating the
engine, first ensure the engine is at full operating temperature, then wait for five minutes after engine shutdown to
check the oil.
5
56 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
Overfilling or underfilling the crankcase will cause oil
aeration or loss of oil pressure. This could damage your
engine.
NOTE: It is possible for your oil level to be slightly higher
than a previous check. This would be due to diesel fuel that
may temporarily be in the crankcase due to operation of
the diesel particulate filter regeneration strategy. This fuel
will evaporate out under normal operation.
Engine Oil Dipstick
1 — MAX Mark
2 — MIN Mark
Checking the oil while the vehicle is on level ground will
improve the accuracy of the oil level readings. Add oil only
when the level on the dipstick is below the “MIN” mark.
The total capacity from the MIN mark to the MAX mark is
1.3 qts (1.2 L).
Never operate the engine with oil level below the “MIN”
mark or above the upper “MAX” mark.
Change Engine Oil
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper maintenance intervals.
Engine Oil Viscosity (SAE Grade)
CAUTION!
Your vehicle is equipped with an advanced technology
Diesel Engine and an emission device designed to
limit Diesel Particulate Emissions from being released
(Continued)
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 57
CAUTION! (Continued)
into the atmosphere. The durability of your engine and
life expectancy of this diesel particulate filter emission
device is highly dependent on the use of the correct
engine oil.
We recommend you use 5W-40 synthetic engine oil such as
MOPAR or Shell Rotella that meets FCA Material Standard
MS-10902 and the API CJ-4 engine oil category is required.
Materials Added To Engine Oil
The manufacturer strongly recommends against the addition of any additives (other than leak detection dyes) to the
engine oil. Engine oil is an engineered product and its
performance may be impaired by supplemental additives.
Engine Oil Filter
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, And Genuine Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information. The engine
oil filter should be changed at every engine oil change.
Disposing Of Used Engine Oil And Oil Filters
Care should be taken in disposing of used engine oil and
oil filters from your vehicle. Used oil and oil filters,
indiscriminately discarded, can present a problem to the
environment. Contact your authorized dealer, service station or governmental agency for advice on how and where
used oil and oil filters can be safely discarded in your area.
Engine Air Cleaner Filter
WARNING!
The air induction system (air cleaner, hoses, etc.) provides a measure of protection. Do not remove the air
induction system (air cleaner, hoses, etc.) unless such
removal is necessary for repair or maintenance. Make
sure that no one is near the engine compartment before
starting the vehicle with the air induction system (air
cleaner, hoses, etc.) removed. Failure to do so can result
in serious personal injury.
CAUTION!
All air entering the engine intake must be filtered. The
abrasive particles in unfiltered air will cause rapid
wear to engine components.
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper maintenance intervals.
5
58 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
Many aftermarket performance air filter elements do
not adequately filter the air entering the engine. Use of
such filters can severely damage your engine.
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Selection
The quality of replacement engine air cleaner filters varies
considerably. Only high quality filters should be used to
assure most efficient service. MOPAR engine air cleaner
filters are a high quality filter and are recommended.
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Inspection and
Replacement
3.0 Diesel Air Cleaner Filter Cover
Inspect engine air cleaner filter for dirt and or debris, if you
find evidence of either dirt or debris you should change
your air cleaner filter.
1 — Air Cleaner Filter Cover
2 — Spring Clips
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Removal
2. Lift the air cleaner cover to access the air cleaner filter.
1. Release the spring clips from the air cleaner cover.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 59
5
Open Air Cleaner Filter Assembly
Air Cleaner Filter
1 — Air Cleaner Cover
2 — Air Cleaner Filter
1 — Air Cleaner Filter
2 — Air Cleaner Filter Inspection Surface
3. Remove the air cleaner filter element from the housing
assembly.
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Installation
NOTE: Inspect and clean the housing if dirt or debris is
present before replacing the air filter element.
1. Install the air cleaner filter element into the housing
assembly with the air cleaner filter inspection surface
facing downward.
60 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
2. Install the air cleaner cover onto the housing assembly
locating tabs.
3. Latch the spring clips and lock the air cleaner cover to
the housing assembly.
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter
The fuel filter/water separator filter housing is located
above the rear axle next to the fuel tank. The best access to
this water drain valve is from under the vehicle.
CAUTION!
• Do not drain the fuel/water separator filter when the
engine is running.
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filter into an appropriate container.
If water is detected in the water separator while the engine
is running, or while the ignition switch is in the ON
position, the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will illuminate and an audible chime will be heard. At this point, you
should stop the engine and drain the water from the filter
housing.
Fuel Filter Assembly
1 — Water In Fuel Drain
2 — Fuel Filter Access
CAUTION!
If the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START the engine before you drain water from
the fuel filter to avoid engine damage.
If the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” comes on and a single
chime is heard while you are driving, or with the ignition
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 61
in the ON position, there may be a problem with your
water separator wiring or sensor. See your authorized
dealer for service.
If more than two ounces or 60 milliliters of fuel have been
drained, follow the directions for “Priming If The Engine
Has Run Out Of Fuel.”
Upon proper draining of the water from the fuel filter, the
“Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will remain illuminated for
approximately 10 seconds. If the water was drained while
the engine was running, the “Water In Fuel Indicator
Light” may remain on for approximately three minutes.
Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement
NOTE: Care should be taken in disposing of used fluids
from your vehicle. Used fluids, indiscriminately discarded,
can present a problem to the environment. Contact an
authorized dealer, service station, or government agency
for advice on recycling programs and for where used fluids
and filters can be properly disposed of in your area.
Drain the fuel/water separator filter when the “Water In
Fuel Indicator Light” is ON. Within 10 minutes of vehicle
shutdown, turn the filter drain valve (located on the
bottom of the filter housing) counterclockwise to drain
fuel/water, then turn the ignition switch to the ON position, and allow any accumulated water to drain. Leave the
drain valve open until all water and contaminants have
been removed. When clean fuel is visible, close the drain
valve by turning it clockwise, and turn the ignition switch
to OFF.
NOTE: Using a fuel filter that does not meet the manufacturer’s filtration and water separating requirements can
severely impact fuel system life and reliability.
CAUTION!
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filter into an appropriate container.
• Do not prefill the fuel filter when installing a new
fuel filter. There is a possibility debris could be
introduced into the fuel filter during this action. It is
best to install the filter dry and allow the in-tank lift
pump to prime the fuel system.
5
62 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
5. Remove bottom cover using a strap wrench. Rotate
counterclockwise for removal. Remove the used o-ring
and discard it.
6. Remove the used filter cartridge from the housing and
dispose of it according to your local regulations.
7. Wipe the sealing surfaces of the lid and housing clean.
8. Install a new o-ring into the ring groove on the filter
housing and lubricate with clean engine oil.
NOTE: WIF (Water In Fuel) sensor is re-usable. Service kit
comes with new o-ring for filter canister and WIF sensor.
Fuel Filter Assembly
1 — Water in Fuel Drain
2 — Fuel Filter Access
1. Turn engine off.
2. Place a drain pan under the fuel filter assembly.
3. Open the water drain valve, and let any accumulated
water drain.
4. Close the water drain valve.
Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel
WARNING!
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
injury or death.
1. Add a substantial amount of fuel to the tank, approximately 2 to 5 gal (8L to 19L).
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 63
2. Press ignition switch twice without your foot on brake
to put vehicle in Run position. This will activate the in
tank fuel pump for approximately 30 seconds. Repeat
this process twice.
3. Start the engine using the “Normal Starting” procedure.
Refer to “Starting Procedures” in “Starting and Operating” for further information.
CAUTION!
The starter motor will engage for approximately 30
seconds at a time. Allow two minutes between cranking intervals.
NOTE: The engine may run rough until the air is forced
from all the fuel lines.
WARNING!
Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending agent.
They can be unstable under certain conditions and be
hazardous or explosive when mixed with diesel fuel.
CAUTION!
Due to lack of lubricants in alcohol or gasoline, the use
of these fuels can cause damage to the fuel system.
NOTE:
• Use of biodiesel mixture in excess of 20% can negatively
impact the fuel filter’s ability to separate water from the
fuel, resulting in high pressure fuel system corrosion or
damage.
• In addition, commercially available fuel additives are
not necessary for the proper operation of your diesel
engine.
• For extreme cold conditions, ⬙Mopar Premium Diesel
Fuel Treatment⬙ is recommended to assist with cold
starting.
5
64 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Intervention Regeneration Strategy — Message
Process Flow
This engine meets all required diesel engine emissions
standards. To achieve these emissions standards, your
vehicle is equipped with a state-of-the-art engine and
exhaust system. These systems are seamlessly integrated
into your vehicle and managed by the Powertrain Control
Module (PCM). The PCM manages engine combustion to
allow the exhaust system’s catalyst to trap and burn
Particulate Matter (PM) pollutants, with no input or interaction on your part.
Additionally, your vehicle has the ability to alert you to
additional maintenance required on your vehicle or engine.
Refer to “Instrument Cluster Display” in “Understanding
Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
WARNING!
A hot exhaust system can start a fire if you park over
materials that can burn. Such materials might be grass
or leaves coming into contact with your exhaust system. Do not park or operate your vehicle in areas where
your exhaust system can contact anything that can
burn.
Maintenance-Free Batteries
Your vehicle is equipped with a maintenance-free battery.
The top of the maintenance-free battery is permanently
sealed. You will never have to add water, nor is periodic
maintenance required.
WARNING!
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Always wash hands
after handling the battery.
CAUTION!
It is essential when replacing the cables on the battery
that the positive cable is attached to the positive post
and the negative cable is attached to the negative post.
Battery posts are marked (+) positive and negative (-)
and are identified on the battery case. Also, if a “fast
charger” is used while the battery is in vehicle, disconnect both vehicle battery cables before connecting the
charger to the battery. Do not use a “fast charger” to
provide starting voltage.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 65
Cooling System
WARNING!
You or others can be badly burned by hot engine
coolant (antifreeze) or steam from your radiator. If you
see or hear steam coming from under the hood, do not
open the hood until the radiator has had time to cool.
Never try to open a cooling system pressure cap when
the radiator is hot.
Engine Coolant Checks
Check the engine coolant (antifreeze) protection every
12 months (before the onset of freezing weather, where
applicable). If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or
rusty in appearance, the system should be drained, flushed
and refilled with fresh coolant. Check the front of the A/C
condenser (if equipped) or radiator for any accumulation
of bugs, leaves, etc. If dirty, clean by gently spraying water
from a garden hose vertically down the face of the A/C
condenser (if equipped) or the back of the radiator core.
Check the engine cooling system hoses for brittle rubber,
cracking, tears, cuts and tightness of the connection at the
coolant recovery bottle and radiator. Inspect the entire
system for leaks.
With the engine at normal operating temperature (but not
running), check the cooling system pressure cap for proper
vacuum sealing by draining a small amount of engine
coolant (antifreeze) from the radiator drain cock. The
radiator drain cock is located in the lower radiator tank. If
the cap is sealing properly, the engine coolant (antifreeze)
will begin to drain from the coolant expansion bottle. DO
NOT REMOVE THE COOLANT PRESSURE CAP WHEN
THE COOLING SYSTEM IS HOT.
Cooling System — Drain Flush And Refill
If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or contains a
considerable amount of sediment, clean and flush with a
reliable cooling system cleaner. Follow with a thorough
rinsing to remove all deposits and chemicals. Properly
dispose of old engine coolant (antifreeze).
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper maintenance intervals.
Selection Of Coolant
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, And Genuine Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
5
66 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
• Mixing of engine coolant (antifreeze) other than
specified Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze), may result in engine damage and may decrease corrosion protection. Organic
Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant is different and should not be mixed with Hybrid Organic
Additive Technology (HOAT) engine coolant (antifreeze) or any “globally compatible” coolant (antifreeze). If a non-OAT engine coolant (antifreeze) is
introduced into the cooling system in an emergency,
the cooling system will need to be drained, flushed,
and refilled with fresh OAT coolant (conforming to
MS.90032), by an authorized dealer as soon as possible.
• Do not use water alone or alcohol-based engine
coolant (antifreeze) products. Do not use additional
rust inhibitors or antirust products, as they may not
be compatible with the engine coolant and may plug
the radiator.
• This vehicle has not been designed for use with
propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze).
Use of propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is not recommended.
Adding Coolant
Your vehicle has been built with an improved engine
coolant (OAT coolant conforming to MS.90032) that allows
extended maintenance intervals. This engine coolant (antifreeze) can be used up to ten years or 150,000 miles
(240,000 km) before replacement. To prevent reducing this
extended maintenance period, it is important that you use
the same engine coolant (OAT coolant conforming to
MS.90032) throughout the life of your vehicle.
Please review these recommendations for using Organic
Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze)
that meets the requirements of FCA Material Standard
MS.90032. When adding engine coolant (antifreeze):
• We recommend using MOPAR Antifreeze/Coolant 10
Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT (Organic Additive
Technology) that meets the requirements of FCA Material Standard MS.90032.
• Mix a minimum solution of 50% OAT engine coolant
that meets the requirements of FCA Material Standard
MS.90032 and distilled water. Use higher concentrations
(not to exceed 70%) if temperatures below −34°F (−37°C)
are anticipated. Please contact your authorized dealer
for assistance.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 67
• Use only high purity water such as distilled or deionized
water when mixing the water/engine coolant (antifreeze) solution. The use of lower quality water will
reduce the amount of corrosion protection in the engine
cooling system.
Cooling System Pressure Cap
NOTE:
The cap should be inspected and cleaned if there is any
accumulation of foreign material on the sealing surfaces.
• It is the owner’s responsibility to maintain the proper
level of protection against freezing according to the
temperatures occurring in the area where the vehicle is
operated.
• Some vehicles require special tools to add coolant properly. Failure to fill these systems properly could lead to
severe internal engine damage. If any coolant is needed
to be added to the system, please contact your local
authorized dealer.
• Mixing engine coolant (antifreeze) types is not recommended and can result in cooling system damage. If
HOAT and OAT coolant are mixed in an emergency,
have a authorized dealer drain, flush, and refill with
OAT coolant (conforming to MS.90032) as soon as possible.
The cap must be fully tightened to prevent loss of engine
coolant (antifreeze), and to ensure that the engine coolant
(antifreeze) will return to the radiator from the coolant
expansion bottle.
WARNING!
• Do not open hot engine cooling system. Never add
engine coolant (antifreeze) when the engine is overheated. Do not loosen or remove the cap to cool an
overheated engine. Heat causes pressure to build up
in the cooling system. To prevent scalding or injury,
do not remove the pressure cap while the system is
hot or under pressure.
• Do not use a pressure cap other than the one specified for your vehicle. Personal injury or engine
damage may result.
5
68 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Disposal Of Used Engine Coolant
Used ethylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is a
regulated substance requiring proper disposal. Check with
your local authorities to determine the disposal rules for
your community. To prevent ingestion by animals or
children, do not store ethylene glycol-based engine coolant
(antifreeze) in open containers or allow it to remain in
puddles on the ground. If ingested by a child or pet, seek
emergency assistance immediately. Clean up any ground
spills immediately.
Points To Remember
NOTE: When the vehicle is stopped after a few miles/
kilometers of operation, you may observe vapor coming
from the front of the engine compartment. This is normally
a result of moisture from rain, snow, or high humidity
accumulating on the radiator and being vaporized when
the thermostat opens, allowing hot engine coolant (antifreeze) to enter the radiator.
If an examination of your engine compartment shows no
evidence of radiator or hose leaks, the vehicle may be
safely driven. The vapor will soon dissipate.
• Do not overfill the coolant expansion bottle.
• Check the coolant freeze point in the radiator and in the
coolant expansion bottle. If engine coolant (antifreeze)
needs to be added, the contents of the coolant expansion
bottle must also be protected against freezing.
• If frequent engine coolant (antifreeze) additions are
required, the cooling system should be pressure tested
for leaks.
• Maintain engine coolant (antifreeze) concentration at a
minimum of 50% OAT coolant (conforming to
MS.90032) and distilled water for proper corrosion protection of your engine which contains aluminum components.
• Make sure that the coolant expansion bottle overflow
hoses are not kinked or obstructed.
• Keep the front of the radiator clean. If your vehicle is
equipped with air conditioning, keep the front of the
condenser clean.
• Do not change the thermostat for Summer or Winter
operation. If replacement is ever necessary, install ONLY
the correct type thermostat. Other designs may result in
unsatisfactory engine coolant (antifreeze) performance,
poor gas mileage, and increased emissions.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 69
Charge Air Cooler — Inter-Cooler
The charge air cooler is positioned in front of the radiator
and the air conditioner condenser. Air enters the engine
through the air cleaner and passes through the turbocharger, where it is pressurized. This pressurized air rapidly reaches high temperature. The air is then directed
through a hose to the charge air cooler and through another
hose to the intake manifold of the engine. This cooling
process enables more efficient burning of fuel resulting in
fewer emissions.
To guarantee optimum performance of the system, keep
the surfaces of the charge air cooler, condenser and radiator
clean and free of debris. Periodically check the hoses
leading to and from the charge air cooler for cracks or loose
clamps resulting in loss of pressure and reduced engine
performance.
Brake System
Brake Master Cylinder — Brake Fluid Level Check
The fluid level of the master cylinder should be checked
when performing under the hood service, or immediately
if the “Brake System Warning Light” indicates system
failure.
The brake master cylinder has a translucent plastic reservoir. On the outboard side of the reservoir, there is a
“MAX” mark and a “MIN” mark. The fluid level must be
kept within these two marks. Do not add fluid above the
full mark because leakage may occur at the cap.
With disc brakes, the fluid level can be expected to fall as
the brake linings wear. However, an unexpected drop in
fluid level may be caused by a leak and a system check
should be conducted.
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, And Genuine Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
WARNING!
• Use only manufacturer’s recommended brake fluid.
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
Using the wrong type of brake fluid can severely
damage your brake system and/or impair its performance. The proper type of brake fluid for your
vehicle is also identified on the original factory
installed hydraulic master cylinder reservoir.
(Continued)
5
70 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
WARNING! (Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• To avoid contamination from foreign matter or moisture, use only new brake fluid or fluid that has been
in a tightly closed container. Keep the master cylinder reservoir cap secured at all times. Brake fluid in
a open container absorbs moisture from the air
resulting in a lower boiling point. This may cause it
to boil unexpectedly during hard or prolonged braking, resulting in sudden brake failure. This could
result in a accident.
• Overfilling the brake fluid reservoir can result in
spilling brake fluid on hot engine parts, causing the
brake fluid to catch fire. Brake fluid can also damage
painted and vinyl surfaces, care should be taken to
avoid its contact with these surfaces.
• Do not allow petroleum based fluid to contaminate
the brake fluid. Brake seal components could be
damaged, causing partial or complete brake failure.
This could result in an accident.
(Continued)
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 71
FLUID CAPACITIES
Fuel (Approximate)
3.0L Diesel Engine
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Tank
Engine Oil With Filter
3.0L Liter Diesel Engine (SAE 5W-40
Synthetic, ACEA C3)
Cooling System
3.0L Turbo Diesel Engine (MOPAR
Engine Coolant/Antifreeze 10 Year/
150,000 Mile Formula OAT (Organic
Additive Technology))
U.S.
Metric
26 Gallons
8 Gallons
98.5 Liters
30.3 Liters
10.5 Quarts
10 Liters
5
11.6 Quarts
11 Liters
72 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE PARTS
Engine
Component
Engine Coolant
Engine Oil
Engine Oil Filter
Fuel Filters
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
We recommend you use MOPAR Antifreeze/Coolant 10 Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT
(Organic Additive Technology).
We recommend you use 5W-40 synthetic engine oil such as MOPAR or Shell Rotella that meets
FCA Material Standard MS-10902 and the API CJ-4 engine oil category is required.
We recommend you use MOPAR Engine Oil Filters.
We recommend you use MOPAR Fuel Filter. Must meet 3 micron rating. Using a fuel filter that
does not meet the manufacturers filtration and water separating requirements can severely
impact fuel system life and reliability.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 73
Component
Fuel Selection
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in your vehicle. Federal law requires that
you must fuel this vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (15 ppm Sulfur maximum)
and prohibits the use of Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum) to avoid
damage to the emissions control system.
For most year-round service, No. 2 diesel fuel meeting ASTM specification D-975 Grade S15 will
provide good performance. We recommend you use a blend of up to 5% biodiesel, meeting ASTM
specification D-975 with your diesel engine.This vehicle is compatible with biodiesel blends
greater than 5% but no greater than 20% biodiesel meeting ASTM specification D-7467
provided the shortened maintenance intervals are followed as directed.
MOPAR Diesel Exhaust Fluid (API Certified) (DEF) or equivalent that has been API Certified to
the ISO 22241 standard. Use of fluids not API Certified to ISO 22241 may result in system damage.
NOTE: If climatized or diesel Number 1 ULSD fuel is not
available, and you are operating below (20°F/-6°C), in
sustained arctic conditions, Mopar Premium Diesel Fuel
Treatment (or equivalent) is recommended to avoid gelling.
5
74 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
CAUTION! (Continued)
• Mixing of engine coolant (antifreeze) other than specified Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze), may result in engine damage and may
decrease corrosion protection. Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant is different and should
not be mixed with Hybrid Organic Additive Technology (HOAT) engine coolant (antifreeze) or any “globally compatible” coolant (antifreeze). If a non-OAT
engine coolant (antifreeze) is introduced into the cooling system in an emergency, the cooling system will
need to be drained, flushed, and refilled with fresh
OAT coolant (conforming to MS.90032), by an authorized dealer as soon as possible.
• Do not use water alone or alcohol-based engine
coolant (antifreeze) products. Do not use additional
rust inhibitors or antirust products, as they may not
be compatible with the radiator engine coolant and
may plug the radiator.
• This vehicle has not been designed for use with
propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze).
Use of propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is not recommended.
(Continued)
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 75
Chassis
Component
Automatic Transmission (3.0L Diesel,
8-Speed Transmission)
Transfer Case
Front Axle – 1500 Four-Wheel Drive Models
Rear Axle
Brake Master Cylinder
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
Only use MOPAR ZF 8&9 Speed ATF Automatic Transmission Fluid or equivalent. Failure to use the correct fluid
may affect the function or performance of your transmission.
We recommend you use MOPAR BW44–44 Transfer Case
Fluid.
We recommend you use MOPAR GL-5 Synthetic Axle
Lubricant SAE 75W-85.
We recommend you use MOPAR Synthetic Gear Lubricant
SAE 75W-140 (MS-8985). Limited-Slip Rear Axles require
the addition of 5 oz. (148 ml) MOPAR Limited Slip Additive (MS-10111).
We recommend you use MOPAR DOT 3 Brake Fluid,
SAE J1703 should be used. If DOT 3, SAE J1703 brake fluid
is not available, then DOT 4 is acceptable.
5
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
CONTENTS
䡵 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
▫ Additional Maintenance — B6 To B20 Biodiesel . .82
▫ Maintenance Chart — Diesel Fuel Up To B5
Biodiesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
6
78 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Your vehicle is equipped with an automatic oil change
indicator system. The oil change indicator system will
remind you that it is time to take your vehicle in for
scheduled maintenance.
Based on engine operation conditions, the oil change
indicator message will illuminate. This means that service
is required for your vehicle. Operating conditions such as
frequent short-trips, trailer tow, extremely hot or cold
ambient temperatures will influence when the “Oil Change
Required” message is displayed. Severe Operating Conditions can cause the change oil message to illuminate as
early as 3,500 miles (5,600 km) since last reset. Have your
vehicle serviced as soon as possible, within the next
500 miles (805 km).
Your authorized dealer will reset the oil change indicator
message after completing the scheduled oil change. If a
scheduled oil change is performed by someone other than
your authorized dealer, the message can be reset by
referring to the steps described under “Instrument Cluster
Display” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
further information.
NOTE: Under no circumstances should oil change intervals exceed 10,000 miles (16,000 km) or twelve months,
whichever comes first.
Once A Month Or Before A Long Trip:
• Check engine oil level
• Check windshield washer fluid level
• Check the tire inflation pressures and look for unusual
wear or damage
• Check the fluid levels of the coolant reservoir, brake
master cylinder, and power steering, and fill as needed
• Check function of all interior and exterior lights
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 79
Maintenance Chart — Diesel Fuel Up To B5
Biodiesel
Required Maintenance
Refer to the Maintenance Schedules on the following pages
for required maintenance.
•
•
•
•
•
At Every Oil Change Interval As Indicated By Oil
Change Indicator System:
Change oil and filter.
Completely fill the Diesel Exhaust Fluid tank.
Drain water from fuel filter assembly.
Rotate the tires. Rotate at the first sign of irregular
wear, even if it occurs before the oil indicator
system turns on.
Inspect battery and clean and tighten terminals as
required.
•
•
•
•
At Every Oil Change Interval As Indicated By Oil
Change Indicator System:
Inspect brake pads, shoes, rotors, drums, hoses and
park brake.
Inspect engine cooling system protection and hoses.
Inspect exhaust system.
Inspect engine air cleaner if using in dusty or
off-road conditions.
6
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
48,000
64,000
80,000
96,000
112,000
128,000
144,000
160,000
176,000
192,000
208,000
224,000
240,000
Additional Inspections
Completely fill the Diesel Exhaust Fluid tank.
Inspect the CV/Universal joints.
Inspect front suspension, tie rod ends, and replace
if necessary.
Inspect the front and rear axle fluid. If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid level. If using your
vehicle for police, taxi, fleet, off-road or frequent
trailer towing change the axle fluid.
Inspect the brake linings, parking brake function.
Inspect the transfer case fluid.
Additional Maintenance
Replace cabin air filter
Drain water from fuel filter assembly.
Replace fuel filter and drain water from the fuel filter
assembly.
Replace engine air filter.
1
32,000
Or Years:
Or Kilometers:
10,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes first)
16,000
80 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
32,000
48,000
64,000
80,000
96,000
112,000
128,000
144,000
160,000
176,000
192,000
208,000
224,000
240,000
Or Years:
Or Kilometers:
10,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes first)
16,000
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 81
Flush and replace the engine coolant at 10 years or
150,000 miles (240,000 km) whichever comes first.
Replace accessory drive belt(s).
Inspect the transfer case fluid, change for any of
the following: police, taxi, fleet, or frequent trailer
towing.
Change transfer case fluid.
X
X
X
X
X
X
WARNING!
WARNING! (Continued)
• You can be badly injured working on or around a
motor vehicle. Do only service work for which you
have the knowledge and the right equipment. If you
have any doubt about your ability to perform a
service job, take your vehicle to a competent mechanic.
• Failure to properly inspect and maintain your vehicle
could result in a component malfunction and effect
vehicle handling and performance. This could cause
an accident.
(Continued)
6
82 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
• The owner is required to monitor mileage for B6-B20
biodiesel, the automatic oil change indicator system
does not reflect the use of biofuels.
Additional Maintenance — B6 To B20 Biodiesel
NOTE:
• Under no circumstances should oil change intervals
exceed 8,000 miles (12,875 km) or six months, whichever
comes first when using biodiesel blends greater
than 5% (B5).
Additional B6 to B20 Maintenance
Replace fuel filter and drain water from the fuel filter
assembly.
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
110,000
120,000
130,000
140,000
150,000
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
32,000
48,000
64,000
80,000
96,000
112,000
128,000
144,000
160,000
176,000
192,000
208,000
224,000
240,000
Or Years:
Or Kilometers:
10,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes first)
16,000
Additional Maintenance Chart — B6 to B20 Biodiesel
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 83
WARNING!
• You can be badly injured working on or around a
motor vehicle. Do only service work for which you
have the knowledge and the right equipment. If you
have any doubt about your ability to perform a
service job, take your vehicle to a competent mechanic.
• Failure to properly inspect and maintain your vehicle
could result in a component malfunction and effect
vehicle handling and performance. This could cause
an accident.
6
84 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500
SECTION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
1
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
1
2
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
2
3
UNDERSTANDING THE FEATURES OF YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
3
4
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
4
5
STARTING AND OPERATING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
5
6
WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
6
7
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
7
8
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
8
INTRODUCTION
CONTENTS
䡵 A MESSAGE FROM FCA US LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
1
90 INTRODUCTION
A MESSAGE FROM FCA US LLC
FCA US LLC and Cummins welcome you as a Cummins
turbocharged diesel-powered truck owner. Your diesel
truck will sound, feel, drive, and operate differently from a
gasoline-powered truck. It is important that you read and
understand this manual.
Almost 100% of the heavy duty trucks in the United States
and Canada are diesel-powered because of the fuel
economy, rugged durability, and high torque which permits pulling heavy loads. Cummins engines power well
over half of these trucks. Now this same technology and
proven performance is yours in your truck equipped with
the Cummins turbocharged diesel engine.
You may find that some of the starting, operating, and
maintenance procedures are different. However, they are
simple to follow and careful adherence to them will ensure
that you take full advantage of the features of this engine.
NOTE: Some aftermarket products may cause severe
engine/transmission and/or exhaust system damage. Your
vehicle’s Powertrain Control Systems can detect and store
information about vehicle modifications that increase
horsepower and torque output such as whether or not
performance-enhancing powertrain components, commonly referred to as downloaders, power boxes, or performance chips have been used.
This information cannot be erased and will stay in the
system’s memory even if the modification is removed. This
information can be retrieved by FCA US LLC, and service
and repair facilities, when servicing your vehicle. This
information may be used to determine if repair will be
covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
There is a probability that the use of a “performance chip”
will prohibit the engine from starting. In this instance, the
vehicle will need to be serviced by a authorized dealer in
order to return the vehicle to its factory settings.
When it comes to service, remember that your authorized
dealer knows your vehicle best, has factory-trained technicians and genuine MOPAR® parts, and cares about your
satisfaction.
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
2
CONTENTS
䡵 REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM — IF EQUIPPED . . .92
▫ How To Use Remote Start. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
▫ Remote Start Abort Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
▫ To Enter Remote Start Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
▫ To Exit Remote Start Mode Without Driving The
Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
▫ To Exit Remote Start Mode And Drive The
Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
▫ Remote Start Comfort Systems — If Equipped . . .94
䡵 ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . .94
92 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM — IF EQUIPPED
• HAZARD switch off
• BRAKE switch inactive (brake pedal not pushed)
This system uses the key fob to start the engine
conveniently from outside the vehicle while still
maintaining security. The system has a range of
approximately 300 ft (91 m).
NOTE:
• The vehicle must be equipped with an automatic transmission to be equipped with Remote Start.
• The Remote Start system will wait for the “Wait To Start”
telltale to extinguish before cranking the engine. This
allows time for the intake heater to pre-heat the incoming air, and is normal operation in cold weather. Refer to
“Wait To Start” located in “Warning and Indicator
Lights” within “Understanding Your Instrument Panel”.
How To Use Remote Start
All of the following conditions must be met before the
engine will remote start:
• Transmission in PARK
• Doors closed
• Hood closed
• Ignition key removed from ignition switch
• Battery at an acceptable charge level
• PANIC button not pushed
• Fuel meets minimum requirement
• Water In Fuel Indicator Light is not illuminated
• Wait To Start Light is not illuminated
WARNING!
• Do not start or run an engine in a closed garage or
confined area. Exhaust gas contains Carbon Monoxide (CO) which is odorless and colorless. Carbon
Monoxide is poisonous and can cause serious injury
or death when inhaled.
• Keep Remote Keyless Entry key fobs away from
children. Operation of the Remote Start System,
windows, door locks or other controls could cause
serious injury or death.
THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE 93
Remote Start Abort Message
NOTE:
The following messages will display in the Instrument
Cluster Display if the vehicle fails to remote start or exits
remote start prematurely:
• The park lamps will turn on and remain on during
Remote Start mode.
• Remote Start Aborted - Door Open
• Remote Start Aborted - Hood Open
• Remote Start Aborted - Fuel Low
• Remote Start Aborted - System Fault
The Instrument Cluster Display message stays active until
the ignition is placed in the ON/RUN position.
To Enter Remote Start Mode
Push and release the REMOTE START button on
the key fob twice, within five seconds. The
parking lights will flash and the horn will chirp
twice (if programmed). In cold ambient temperature conditions, the diesel vehicle may delay crank up to 30
seconds for the fuel and grid heater. Once the vehicle has
started, the engine will run for 15 minutes or 75 seconds in
extreme cold and high elevation.
• For security, power window and power sunroof operation (if equipped) are disabled when the vehicle is in the
Remote Start mode.
• The engine can be started two consecutive times (two
15-minute cycles) with the key fob. However, the ignition switch must be cycled to the ON position before you
can repeat the start sequence for a third cycle.
To Exit Remote Start Mode Without Driving The
Vehicle
Push and release the REMOTE START button one time or
allow the engine to run for the entire fifteen minute cycle.
NOTE: To avoid unintentional shut downs, the system
will disable the one time push of the REMOTE START
button for two seconds after receiving a valid Remote Start
request.
To Exit Remote Start Mode And Drive The Vehicle
To exit Remote Start Mode and drive the vehicle before the
end of the 15-minute cycle, push and release the unlock
button on the key fob to unlock the door and disarm the
2
94 THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
Vehicle Security Alarm System (if equipped). Then, prior to
the end of the 15-minute cycle, place the ignition to the
ON/RUN position.
NOTE: The ignition switch must be in the ON/RUN
position in order to drive the vehicle.
Remote Start Comfort Systems — If Equipped
When remote start is activated, the heated steering wheel,
and driver heated seat features will automatically turn on
in cold weather. In warm weather, the driver vented seat
feature will automatically turn on when the remote start is
activated. These features will stay on through the duration
of remote start or until the ignition switch is turned to the
ON/RUN position.
The Remote Start Comfort System can be activated and
deactivated through the Instrument Cluster Display. For
more information on Remote Start Comfort System operation refer to your Owners Manual.
ENGINE BREAK-IN RECOMMENDATIONS
The Cummins turbocharged diesel engine does not require
a break-in period due to its construction. Normal operation
is allowed, providing the following recommendations are
followed:
• Warm up the engine before placing it under load.
• Do not operate the engine at idle for prolonged periods.
• Use the appropriate transmission gear to prevent engine
lugging.
• Observe vehicle oil pressure and temperature indicators.
• Check the coolant and oil levels frequently.
• Vary throttle position at highway speeds when carrying
or towing significant weight.
NOTE: Light duty operation such as light trailer towing or
no load operation will extend the time before the engine is
at full efficiency. Reduced fuel economy and power may be
seen at this time.
For additional vehicle break-in requirements, refer to
“Trailer Towing” in “Starting And Operating” of the Owners Manual.
Because of the construction of the Cummins turbocharged
diesel engine, engine run-in is enhanced by loaded operating conditions which allow the engine parts to achieve
final finish and fit during the first 6,000 miles (10 000 km).
UNDERSTANDING THE FEATURES OF YOUR VEHICLE
CONTENTS
䡵 ELECTRONIC SPEED CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
▫ To Resume Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
▫ To Activate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
▫ To Vary The Speed Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
▫ To Set A Desired Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
▫ To Accelerate For Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
▫ To Deactivate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
3
96 UNDERSTANDING THE FEATURES OF YOUR VEHICLE
ELECTRONIC SPEED CONTROL
When engaged, the Electronic Speed Control takes over
accelerator operations at speeds greater than 25 mph
(40 km/h).
The Electronic Speed Control buttons are located on the
right side of the steering wheel.
NOTE: In order to ensure proper operation, the Electronic
Speed Control System has been designed to shut down if
multiple speed control functions are operated at the same
time. If this occurs, the Electronic Speed Control System
can be reactivated by pushing the Electronic Speed Control
ON/OFF button and resetting the desired vehicle set
speed.
To Activate
Push the on/off button. The cruise control set indicator
light in the instrument cluster display will illuminate. To
turn the system off, push the on/off button a second time.
The cruise control set indicator light will turn off. The
system should be turned off when not in use.
WARNING!
Electronic Speed Control Switches
1 — ON/OFF
2 — RES +
3 — SET 4 — CANCEL
Leaving the Electronic Speed Control system on when
not in use is dangerous. You could accidentally set the
system or cause it to go faster than you want. You could
lose control and have an accident. Always leave the
system off when you are not using it.
UNDERSTANDING THE FEATURES OF YOUR VEHICLE 97
To Set A Desired Speed
To Vary The Speed Setting
Turn the Electronic Speed Control on. When the vehicle has
reached the desired speed, push the SET (-) button and
release. Release the accelerator and the vehicle will operate
at the selected speed.
To Increase Speed
NOTE: The vehicle should be traveling at a steady speed
and on level ground before pushing the SET (-) button.
To Deactivate
A soft tap on the brake pedal, pushing the CANC button or
normal brake pressure while slowing the vehicle will
deactivate the Electronic Speed Control without erasing the
set speed from memory.
Pushing the on/off button or turning the ignition to the
OFF position erases the set speed from memory.
To Resume Speed
To resume a previously set speed, push the RES (+) button
and release. Resume can be used at any speed above
25 mph (40 km/h).
When the Electronic Speed Control is set, you can increase
speed by pushing the RES (+) button.
The driver’s preferred units can be selected through the
instrument panel settings if equipped. Refer to “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for more information.
The speed decrement shown is dependant on the chosen
speed unit of U.S. (mph) or Metric (km/h):
U.S. Speed (mph)
• Pushing the RES (+) button once will result in a 1 mph
increase in set speed. Each subsequent tap of the button
results in an increase of 1 mph.
• If the button is continually pushed, the set speed will
continue to increase until the button is released, then the
new set speed will be established.
3
98 UNDERSTANDING THE FEATURES OF YOUR VEHICLE
Metric Speed (km/h)
U.S. Speed (mph)
• Pushing the RES (+) button once will result in a 1 km/h
increase in set speed. Each subsequent tap of the button
results in an increase of 1 km/h.
• Pushing the SET (-) button once will result in a 1 mph
decrease in set speed. Each subsequent tap of the button
results in a decrease of 1 mph.
• If the button is continually pushed, the set speed will
continue to increase until the button is released, then the
new set speed will be established.
• If the button is continually pushed, the set speed will
continue to decrease until the button is released, then the
new set speed will be established.
To Decrease Speed
Metric Speed (km/h)
When the Electronic Speed Control is set, you can decrease
speed by pushing the SET (-) button.
• Pushing the SET (-) button once will result in a 1 km/h
decrease in set speed. Each subsequent tap of the button
results in a decrease of 1 km/h.
The driver’s preferred units can be selected through the
instrument panel settings if equipped. Refer to “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for more information.
The speed decrement shown is dependant on the chosen
speed unit of U.S. (mph) or Metric (km/h):
• If the button is continually pushed, the set speed will
continue to decrease until the button is released, then the
new set speed will be established.
UNDERSTANDING THE FEATURES OF YOUR VEHICLE 99
To Accelerate For Passing
Press the accelerator as you would normally. When the
pedal is released, the vehicle will return to the set speed.
Using Electronic Speed Control On Hills
The transmission may downshift on hills to maintain the
vehicle set speed.
NOTE: The Electronic Speed Control system maintains
speed up and down hills. A slight speed change on
moderate hills is normal.
On steep hills, a greater speed loss or gain may occur so it
may be preferable to drive without Electronic Speed Control.
WARNING!
Electronic Speed Control can be dangerous where the
system cannot maintain a constant speed. Your vehicle
could go too fast for the conditions, and you could lose
control and have an accident. Do not use Electronic
Speed Control in heavy traffic or on roads that are
winding, icy, snow-covered or slippery.
3
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
CONTENTS
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
▫ Instrument Cluster Display Messages . . . . . . . .115
䡵 WARNING AND INDICATOR LIGHTS . . . . . . . .107
▫ Cold Ambient Derate Mode Messages . . . . . . . .116
▫ Yellow Telltale Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Warning Messages . .116
䡵 INSTRUMENT CLUSTER DISPLAY . . . . . . . . . . .109
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Fault Warning
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117
▫ Oil Life Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
▫ Fuel Filter Life Reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112
▫ Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Messages . . . . . .113
▫ RAM Active Air System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
4
102 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
Instrument Cluster
1. Tachometer
• Indicates the engine speed in revolutions per minute
(RPM x 1000).
2. Instrument Cluster Display
• When the appropriate conditions exist, this display
shows the Instrument Cluster Display messages. Refer
to “Instrument Cluster Display” in “Understanding
Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 103
3. Speedometer
• Indicates vehicle speed.
WARNING! (Continued)
4. Fuel Gauge
• The pointer shows the level of fuel in the fuel tank
when the ignition switch is in the ON/RUN position.
The fuel pump symbol points to the side of the
•
vehicle where the fuel filler door is located.
5. DEF Gauge
• The DEF Gauge displays the actual level of Diesel
Exhaust Fluid in the DEF tank. Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) is required to maintain normal vehicle operation
and emissions compliance. If something is wrong with
the gauge, a DEF Warning Message or Malfunction
Indicator Light (MIL) will be displayed. More information is available in the Instrument Cluster Display
section under the heading of Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) Warning Messages.
WARNING!
A hot engine cooling system is dangerous. You or
others could be badly burned by steam or boiling
coolant. You may want to call an authorized dealer for
(Continued)
service if your vehicle overheats. If you decide to look
under the hood yourself, see “Maintaining Your Vehicle.” Follow the warnings under the “Cooling System Pressure Cap” paragraph.
CAUTION!
Driving with a hot engine cooling system could damage your vehicle. If the temperature gauge reads “H”
pull over and stop the vehicle. Idle the vehicle with the
air conditioner turned off until the pointer drops back
into the normal range. If the pointer remains on the
“H”, turn the engine off immediately and call an
authorized dealer for service.
NOTE:
• The gauge may take up to five seconds to update after
adding a gallon or more of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) to
the DEF tank. If you have a fault related to the DEF
system, the gauge may not update to the new level. See
your authorized dealer for service.
4
104 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• The DEF gauge may also not immediately update after a
refill if the temperature of the DEF fluid is below 12F
(-11C). The DEF line heater will possibly warm up the
DEF fluid and allow the gauge to update after a period
of run time. Under very cold conditions, it is possible
that the gauge may not reflect the new fill level for
several drives.
• Outside temperature can affect DEF consumption. In
cold conditions, 12° F (-11° C) and below, the DEF gauge
needle can stay on a fixed position and may not move
for extended periods of time. This is a normal function of
the system.
Instrument Cluster
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 105
1. Tachometer
• Indicates the engine speed in revolutions per minute
(RPM x 1000).
2. Engine Coolant Temperature
• This gauge shows the engine coolant temperature. The
gauge pointer will likely show higher temperatures
when driving in hot weather, up mountain grades, or
in heavy stop and go traffic. If the red Warning Light
turns on while driving, safely bring the vehicle to a
stop, and turn off the engine. DO NOT operate the
vehicle until the cause is corrected.
WARNING!
A hot engine cooling system is dangerous. You or
others could be badly burned by steam or boiling
coolant. You may want to call an authorized dealer for
service if your vehicle overheats. If you decide to look
under the hood yourself, see “Maintaining Your Vehicle.” Follow the warnings under the “Cooling System Pressure Cap” paragraph.
CAUTION!
Driving with a hot engine cooling system could damage your vehicle. If the temperature gauge reads “H”
pull over and stop the vehicle. Idle the vehicle with the
air conditioner turned off until the pointer drops back
into the normal range. If the pointer remains on the
“H”, turn the engine off immediately and call an
authorized dealer for service.
3. Oil Pressure Gauge
• The pointer should always indicate some oil pressure
when the engine is running. A continuous high or low
reading under normal driving conditions may indicate
a lubrication system malfunction. Immediate service
should be obtained from an authorized dealer.
4. Speedometer
• Indicates vehicle speed.
5. Fuel Gauge
• The pointer shows the level of fuel in the fuel tank
when the ignition switch is in the ON/RUN position.
The fuel pump symbol points to the side of the
•
vehicle where the fuel filler door is located.
4
106 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
6. Instrument Cluster Display
• When the appropriate conditions exist, this display
shows the Instrument Cluster Display messages. Refer
to “Instrument Cluster Display” in “Understanding
Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
• The gauge may take up to five seconds to update after
adding a gallon or more of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) to
the DEF tank. If you have a fault related to the DEF
system, the gauge may not update to the new level. See
your authorized dealer for service.
7. DEF Gauge
• The DEF Gauge displays the actual level of Diesel
Exhaust Fluid in the DEF tank. Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) is required to maintain normal vehicle operation
and emissions compliance. If something is wrong with
the gauge, a DEF Warning Message or Malfunction
Indicator Light (MIL) will be displayed. More information is available in the Instrument Cluster Display
section under the heading of Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) Warning Messages.
• The DEF gauge may also not immediately update after a
refill if the temperature of the DEF fluid is below 12F
(-11C). The DEF line heater will possibly warm up the
DEF fluid and allow the gauge to update after a period
of run time. Under very cold conditions, it is possible
that the gauge may not reflect the new fill level for
several drives.
NOTE:
• The DEF tank on these vehicles is designed with a large
amount of full reserve. So the level sensor will indicate a
full reading even before the tank is completely full. To
put it another way, there’s additional storage capacity in
the tank above the Full mark that’s not represented in
the gauge. You may not see any movement in the
reading – even after driving up to 2,000 miles in some
cases.
• Outside temperature can affect DEF consumption. In
cold conditions, 12° F (-11° C) and below, the DEF gauge
needle can stay on a fixed position and may not move
for extended periods of time. This is a normal function of
the system.
CAUTION!
Driving with a hot engine cooling system could damage your vehicle. If the temperature gauge reads “H”
pull over and stop the vehicle. Idle the vehicle with the
(Continued)
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 107
CAUTION! (Continued)
air conditioner turned off until the pointer drops back
into the normal range. If the pointer remains on the
“H”, turn the engine off immediately and call an
authorized dealer for service.
WARNING AND INDICATOR LIGHTS
IMPORTANT: The warning / indicator lights switch on in
the instrument panel together with a dedicated message
and/or acoustic signal when applicable. These indications
are indicative and precautionary and as such must not be
considered as exhaustive and/or alternative to the information contained in the Owner’s Manual, which you are
advised to read carefully in all cases. Always refer to the
information in this chapter in the event of a failure indication.
All active telltales will display first if applicable. The
system check menu may appear different based upon
equipment options and current vehicle status. Some telltales are optional and may not appear.
Yellow Telltale Indicator Lights
Wait To Start Light — If Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Wait To Start Light
The “Wait To Start” telltale will illuminate for approximately two seconds when the ignition is
turned to the RUN position. It’s duration may be longer based on colder operating conditions.
Vehicle will not initiate start until telltale is no longer displayed. Refer to “Starting Procedures”
in “Starting and Operating” for further information.
NOTE: The “Wait To Start” telltale may not illuminate if the intake manifold temperature is
warm enough.
4
108 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
Water in Fuel Indicator Light — If Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Water in Fuel Indicator Light
The “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will illuminate when there is water detected in the fuel filters. If this light remains on, DO NOT start the vehicle before you drain the water from the fuel
filters to prevent engine damage.
Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Indicator Light — If
Equipped
Yellow Telltale
Light
What It Means
Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Indicator Light
The Low Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Indicator will illuminate if the vehicle is low on Diesel
Exhaust Fluid (DEF). Refer to “Starting And Operating” for further information.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 109
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER DISPLAY
4
Instrument Cluster Display — Premium
Instrument Cluster Display — Base
The Instrument Cluster Display features a driverinteractive display that is located in the instrument cluster.
This system allows the driver to select a variety of useful
information by pushing the switches mounted on the
steering wheel. The Instrument Cluster Display may consist of the following:
• Digital Speedometer
• Vehicle Info
• Fuel Economy Info
• Trip A
110 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• Trip B
• Stop/Start Info (If Equipped)
• Trailer Tow
• Audio
• Stored Messages
• Screen Setup
• Vehicle Settings (Not Equipped with a Uconnect 5.0 &
8.4 radio)
• Settings
• Turn Menu Off
The system allows the driver to select information by
pushing the following buttons mounted on the steering
wheel:
Steering Wheel Buttons
• UP Arrow Button
Push and release the UP arrow button to scroll
upward through the main menu and submenus
(Fuel Economy, Trip A, Trip B, Audio, Stored
Messages, Screen Set Up).
• DOWN Arrow Button
Push and release the DOWN arrow button to
scroll downward through the main menu and
submenus (Fuel Economy, Trip A, Trip B, Audio,
Stored Messages, Screen Set Up).
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 111
• RIGHT Arrow Button
Vehicles Equipped With Passive Entry
Push and release the RIGHT arrow button to
access/select the information screens or submenu screens of a main menu item. Push and
hold the RIGHT arrow button for two seconds to
reset displayed/selected features that can be reset.
1. Without pushing the brake pedal, push the ENGINE
START/STOP button and place the ignition to the
ON/RUN position (do not start the engine).
• LEFT Arrow Button
Push the LEFT arrow button to access/select the
information screens or submenu screens of a
main menu item or to return to the main menu
from an info screen or submenu item.
Oil Life Reset
Your vehicle is equipped with an engine oil change indicator system. The “Oil Change Required” message will
display in the instrument cluster display after a single
chime has sounded, to indicate the next scheduled oil
change interval. The engine oil change indicator system is
duty cycle based, which means the engine oil change
interval may fluctuate, dependent upon your personal
driving style.
NOTE: Use the steering wheel instrument cluster display
controls for the following procedure(s).
2. Push and release the down
arrow button to scroll
downward through the main menu to “Vehicle Info.”
3. Push and release the right
”Oil Life” screen.
4. Push and hold the right
“Reset”.
arrow button to access the
arrow button to select
5. Push and release the appropriate arrow button to select
“YES” to reset the Oil Life.
arrow button to exit the
6. Push and release the up
instrument cluster display screen.
Vehicles Not Equipped With Passive Entry
1. Without pushing the brake pedal, cycle the ignition to
the ON/RUN position (do not start the engine).
arrow button to scroll
2. Push and release the down
downward through the main menu to “Vehicle Info.”
4
112 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
3. Push and release the right
“Oil Life” screen.
arrow button to access the
Vehicles Equipped With Passive Entry
4. Push and hold the right
Oil Life Reset.
arrow button to select the
1. Without pushing the brake pedal, push the ENGINE
START/STOP button and cycle the ignition to the ON/
RUN position (do not start the engine.)
5. Push and release the appropriate arrow button to select
“YES” to reset the Oil Life.
2. Push and release the DOWN
arrow button to scroll
downward through the main menu to “Vehicle Info”.
arrow button to exit the
6. Push and release the up
instrument cluster display screen.
3. Push and release the RIGHT
the ”Fuel Filter Life” screen.
NOTE: If the indicator message illuminates when you start
the vehicle, the Oil Life indicator system did not reset. If
necessary, repeat this procedure.
4. Push and release the appropriate arrow button to access
the “Reset” screen.
Fuel Filter Life Reset
The cluster will display the “Service Fuel Filter” message
when the fuel filter maintenance life is less than 5%. To
check the remaining fuel filter life, go to the “Fuel Filter
Life” screen in the “Vehicle Info” menu. When this message
appears, dealers should replace the fuel filter.
NOTE: Use the steering wheel button controls for the
following procedure(s)
arrow button to access
5. Push and release the appropriate arrow to select the
reset of the Fuel Filter Life.
arrow button to exit the
6. Push and release the UP
Instrument Cluster Display screen.
Vehicles Not Equipped With Passive Entry
1. Without pressing the brake pedal, cycle the ignition to
the ON/RUN position (do not start the engine.)
arrow button to scroll
2. Push and release the DOWN
downward through the main menu to “Vehicle Info”.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 113
3. Push and release the RIGHT
the ”Fuel Filter Life” screen.
arrow button to access
4. Push and release the appropriate arrow button to access
the “Reset” screen.
5. Push and release the appropriate arrow to select the
reset of the Fuel Filter Life.
arrow button to exit the
6. Push and release the UP
Instrument Cluster Display screen.
NOTE: If the indicator message illuminates when you start
the vehicle, the Fuel Filter indicator system did not reset. If
necessary, repeat this procedure.
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Messages
The Cummins diesel engine meets all diesel emissions
standards, resulting in one of the lowest emitting diesel
engines ever produced. To achieve these emissions standards, your vehicle is equipped with a state-of-the-art
engine and exhaust system. These systems are seamlessly
integrated into your vehicle and managed by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The PCM manages engine
combustion to allow the exhaust system’s catalyst to trap
and burn Particulate Matter (PM) pollutants, with no input
or interaction on your part.
WARNING!
A hot exhaust system can start a fire if you park over
materials that can burn. Such materials might be grass
or leaves coming into contact with your exhaust system. Do not park or operate your vehicle in areas where
your exhaust system can contact anything that can
burn.
Your vehicle has the ability to alert you to additional
maintenance required on your vehicle or engine. The
following messages may display in your Instrument Cluster Display:
• Perform Service — Your vehicle will require emissions
maintenance at a set interval. To help remind you when
this maintenance is due, the Instrument Cluster Display
will display “Perform Service”. When the “Perform
Service” message is displayed in the Instrument Cluster
Display it is necessary to have the emissions maintenance performed. Emissions maintenance may include
replacing the Closed Crankcase Ventilation (CCV) filter
element. The procedure for clearing and resetting the
⬙Perform Service⬙ indicator message is located in the
appropriate Service Information.
4
114 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• Exhaust System — Regeneration Required Now —
⬙Exhaust Filter XX% Full Safely Drive at Highway
Speeds to Remedy⬙ will be displayed in the Instrument
Cluster Display if the exhaust particulate filter reaches
80% of its maximum storage capacity. Under conditions
of exclusive short duration and low speed driving
cycles, your Cummins diesel engine and exhaust aftertreatment system may never reach the conditions required to remove the trapped PM. If this occurs, the
“Exhaust Filter XX% Full Safely Drive at Highway
Speeds to Remedy” message will be displayed in the
Instrument Cluster Display. If this message is displayed,
you will hear one chime to assist in alerting you of this
condition
• By simply driving your vehicle at highway speeds for as
little as 45 minutes, you can remedy the condition in the
particulate filter system and allow your Cummins diesel
engine and exhaust after-treatment system to remove
the trapped PM and restore the system to normal
operating condition.
• Exhaust System — Regeneration In Process Exhaust
Filter XX% Full — Indicates that the Diesel Particulate
Filter (DPF) is self-cleaning. Maintain your current driving condition until regeneration is completed.
• Exhaust System — Regeneration Completed — This
message indicates that the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
self-cleaning is completed. If this message is displayed,
you will hear one chime to assist in alerting you of this
condition.
• Exhaust Service Required — See Dealer Now — This
message indicates regeneration has been disabled due to
a system malfunction. At this point the engine Powertrain Control Module (PCM) will register a fault code,
the instrument panel will display a MIL light.
CAUTION!
See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
system could occur soon with continued operation.
• Exhaust Filter Full — Power Reduced See Dealer —
This message indicates the PCM has derated the engine
to limit the likelihood of permanent damage to the
after-treatment system. If this condition is not corrected
and a dealer service is not performed, extensive exhaust
after-treatment damage can occur. To correct this condition it will be necessary to have your vehicle serviced by
your local authorized dealer.
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 115
CAUTION!
See your authorized dealer, as damage to the exhaust
system could occur soon with continued operation.
Instrument Cluster Display Messages
When the appropriate conditions exist, the Instrument
Cluster Display displays the following messages:
• System Setup Unavailable – Vehicle Not in Park
• System Setup Unavailable – Vehicle in Motion
• Service Air Filter
• Perform Service
• Exhaust Filter Full Safely Drive at Highway Speeds To
Remedy
• Exhaust System – Regeneration Completed
• Speed Limited to 5 MPH in XXX mi Refill DEF
• 5 MPH Max Speed on Restart, Long Idle or Refuel Refill
DEF
• 5 MPH Max Speed Refill DEF
• Service DEF System See Dealer
• 5 MPH Max Speed in XXX mi Service DEF System See
Dealer
• 5 MPH Max Speed on Restart, Long Idle or Refuel
Service DEF See Dealer
• 5 MPH Max Speed Service DEF System See Dealer
• Coolant Low
• Engine Power Reduced During Warm-up
• Exhaust Filter XX% Full – Power Reduced See Dealer
• Engine Power Reduced up to 30-sec During Warmup
• Exhaust Service Required – See Dealer Now
• Engine Power Reduced up to 2-min During Warmup
• Exhaust System – Filter XX% Full Service Required See
Dealer
• Active Airbox Service Required See Dealer
• Exhaust System – Regeneration In Process Exhaust Filter
XX% Full
4
116 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
Cold Ambient Derate Mode Messages
The vehicle will display messages when a derate (engine
power reduction) is activated to protect the turbocharger
during engine start up in cold ambient temperatures.
• Engine Power Reduced During Warmup — This message will display during start up when the ambient
temperature is between 10° F (-12° C) and -10° F (-23° C).
• Engine Power Reduced Up To 30 Sec (Seconds) During
Warmup — This message will display during start up
when the ambient temperature is between -10° F (-23° C)
and -25 F (-32° C).
350 miles (560 km). If the following warning message
sequence is ignored, your vehicle may be limited to a
maximum speed of 5 MPH (8 km/H) unless DEF is added.
• DEF Low Refill Soon — This message will display
when the low level is reached, during vehicle start up,
and with increased frequency during vehicle operation.
It will be accompanied by a single chime. Approximately
5 gallons (19 Liters) of DEF is required to refill the tank
when this message is initially displayed. on pickup
applications, and approximately 7 gallons (28 Liters) are
required on chassis-cab applications.
• Engine Power Reduced Up To 2 Min (Minutes) During
Warmup — This message will display during start up
when the ambient temperature is -25° F (-32° C) and
below.
• Speed Limited to 5 MPH in XXX mi Refill DEF — This
message will continuously display if the “DEF Low
Refill Soon” message is ignored, and the frequency of
occurance of the chime will increase unless up to
2 gallons (7.5 Liters) of DEF is added to the tank.
• Coolant Low — This telltale will turn on to indicate the
vehicle coolant level is low. See “Adding Coolant” under
the section “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for more information.
• 5 MPH Max Speed on Restart, Long Idle or Refuel
Refill DEF — This message will continuously display
when the counter reaches zero, and will be accompanied
by a periodic chime.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Warning Messages
• The vehicle will only be capable of a maximum speed of
5 MPH upon the first of the following conditions to
occur:
Your vehicle will begin displaying warning messages when
the DEF level reaches a driving range of approximately
UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL 117
• If the vehicle is shutoff and restarted.
• If the vehicle is idled for an extended period of time,
approximately one hour or greater.
• If the system detects that the level of fuel in the tank
has increased.
• Add a minimum of 2 gallons (9.5 Liters) of DEF to the
tank in order to avoid vehicle operation at a maximum
speed of 5 MPH (8 km/H).
NOTE: A minimum of 2 gallons (9.5 Liters) may be
required to restore normal vehicle operation. Although the
vehicle will start normally and can be placed in gear after
this message has been initially displayed, extreme caution
should be utilized since the vehicle will only be capable of
maneuvering at a maximum speed of 5 MPH (8 km/H).
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Fault Warning
Messages
There are five different messages which are displayed if the
vehicle detects that the DEF system has been filled with a
fluid other than DEF, has experienced component failures,
or when tampering has been detected. The vehicle may be
limited to a maximum speed of 5 MPH (8 km/H) if the
DEF system is not serviced within less than 200 miles
(322 km) of the fault being detected.
When the DEF system needs to be serviced the following
warnings will display:
• Service DEF System See Dealer — This message will
display when the fault is initially detected, each time the
vehicle is started, and periodically during driving. The
message will be accompanied by a single chime. We
recommend you drive to your nearest authorized dealer
and have your vehicle serviced as soon as possible.
• 5 MPH Max Speed in 150 mi Service DEF System See
Dealer — This message will display if the DEF system
has not been serviced after the “Service DEF System –
See Dealer” message is displayed. This message will
continuously display until the mileage counter reaches
zero, and will be accompanied by a periodic chime. The
message will continue to countdown until it reaches zero
unless the vehicle is serviced. We recommend you drive
to your nearest authorized dealer and have your vehicle
serviced immediately.
NOTE: Under some circumstances this mileage counter
may start with a value of less than 150 miles (241 km). For
example, if recurring faults are detected in a time interval
of less than 40 hours, the counter may restart at the value
where it stopped when a previous fault was temporarily
remedied, or at a minimum of 50 miles (80 km).
4
118 UNDERSTANDING YOUR INSTRUMENT PANEL
• 5 MPH Max Speed on Restart, Long Idle or Refuel
Service DEF See Dealer — This message will continuously display when the mileage counter reaches zero,
and will be accompanied by a periodic chime.
• The vehicle will only be capable of a maximum speed of
5 MPH upon the first of the following conditions to
occur:
• If the vehicle is shutoff and restarted.
• If the vehicle is idled for an extended period of time,
approximately one hour or greater.
• If the system detects that the level of fuel in the tank
has increased.
• 5 MPH Max Speed Service DEF System See Dealer —
This message will continuously display, and will be
accompanied by a periodic chime. Although the vehicle
can be started and placed in gear, the vehicle will only
operate at a maximum speed of 5 MPH. Your vehicle
will require towing, see your authorized dealer for
service.
NOTE: When this message is displayed, the engine can
still be started. However, the vehicle will only operate at a
maximum speed of 5 MPH.
• Incorrect DEF Detected See Dealer — This message will
display when the fault is initially detected, each time the
vehicle is started, and periodically during driving. The
message will be accompanied by a single chime. We
recommend you drive to your nearest authorized dealer
and have your vehicle serviced as soon as possible.
RAM Active Air System
Your vehicle is equipped with an advanced Ram Active Air
system that provides enhanced performance, especially
when towing under demanding hot or high altitude conditions. If the Instrument Cluster Display displays the
message “Active Airbox Service Required See Dealer”,
vehicle performance may be reduced until service is performed by an authorized RAM dealer.
STARTING AND OPERATING
CONTENTS
䡵 STARTING PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
䡵 NORMAL OPERATION — DIESEL ENGINE . . . . .130
▫ Manual Transmission — If Equipped . . . . . . . .121
▫ Cold Weather Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
▫ Automatic Transmission — If Equipped . . . . . .121
▫ Engine Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
▫ Keyless Enter-N-Go — If Equipped . . . . . . . . . .122
▫ Stopping The Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
▫ Extreme Cold Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
▫ Idle Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135
▫ Normal Starting Procedure — Engine Manifold
Air Temperature Above 66° F (19° C) . . . . . . . . .126
▫ Programmable Maximum Vehicle Speed
(Chassis Cab Only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
▫ Starting Procedure — Engine Manifold Air
Temperature 0°F To 66°F (–18°C to 19°C) . . . . . .126
▫ Operating Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
▫ Starting Procedure — Engine Manifold Air
Temperature Below 0°F (-18°C) . . . . . . . . . . . . .128
▫ Starting Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129
▫ Cooling System Tips — Automatic Transmission . .136
䡵 ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED . . . .137
▫ Block Heater Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
䡵 DIESEL EXHAUST BRAKE (ENGINE BRAKING) .138
5
120 STARTING AND OPERATING
䡵 AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION — IF EQUIPPED .140
䡵 ENGINE RUNAWAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156
▫ Key Ignition Park Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
䡵 FUEL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
▫ Brake/Transmission Shift Interlock System . . . .141
▫ Fuel Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
▫ Six-Speed Automatic Transmission — If
Equipped . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
▫ Bio-Diesel Fuel Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
䡵 MANUAL TRANSMISSION — IF EQUIPPED . . .150
▫ Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151
▫ Downshifting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
▫ Reverse Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
䡵 AUXILIARY SWITCHES — IF EQUIPPED . . . . . .153
䡵 POWER TAKE OFF OPERATION — IF EQUIPPED
(CHASSIS CAB ONLY) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
▫ Stationary Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
▫ Mobile Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
䡵 ADDING FUEL — 2500/3500 DIESEL MODELS . .160
䡵 ADDING FUEL — CHASSIS CAB MODELS . . . . .162
▫ Fuel Filler Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
▫ Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . .163
▫ Bulk Fuel Storage — Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . .163
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
▫ Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
䡵 DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
▫ System Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
STARTING AND OPERATING 121
STARTING PROCEDURES
WARNING! (Continued)
Before starting your vehicle, adjust your seat, adjust both
inside and outside mirrors, and fasten your seat belts.
The starter should not be operated for more than 15-second
intervals. Waiting a few minutes between such intervals
will protect the starter from overheating.
WARNING!
• Do not leave the key fob in or near the vehicle, or in
a location accessible to children, and do not leave the
ignition of a vehicle equipped with Keyless EnterN-Go in the ACC or ON/RUN mode. A child could
operate power windows, other controls, or move the
vehicle.
Manual Transmission — If Equipped
• Do not leave children or animals inside parked
vehicles in hot weather. Interior heat build up may
cause serious injury or death.
• When leaving the vehicle, always make sure the
keyless ignition node is in the “OFF” mode, remove
the key fob from the vehicle and lock the vehicle.
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a number
of reasons. A child or others could be seriously or
fatally injured. Children should be warned not to
touch the parking brake, brake pedal or the gear
selector.
(Continued)
Apply the parking brake, place the gear selector in NEUTRAL and press the clutch pedal to the floor before starting
the vehicle. This vehicle is equipped with a clutch interlocking ignition system. It will not start unless the clutch is
fully pressed.
Automatic Transmission — If Equipped
Start the engine with the transmission in the NEUTRAL or
PARK position. Apply the brake before shifting to any
driving range.
Tip Start Feature
Do not press the accelerator. Turn the ignition switch
briefly to the START position and release it. The starter
motor will continue to run but will automatically disengage when the engine is running.
5
122 STARTING AND OPERATING
Keyless Enter-N-Go — If Equipped
This feature allows the driver to operate
the ignition switch with the push of a
button, as long as the Remote Start/
Keyless Enter-N-Go key fob is in the
passenger compartment.
NOTE:
• Normal starting of either a cold or a warm engine is
obtained without pumping or pressing the accelerator
pedal.
1. The transmission must be in PARK or NEUTRAL.
• Under cold weather conditions, the engine may not
immediately crank if the ⬙Wait To Start⬙ telltale is
illuminated. This is normal operation. For vehicles
equipped with Keyless Enter-N-Go, the vehicle will
automatically crank when the ⬙Wait To Start⬙ time has
elapsed. See the section ⬙Starting Procedure Engine
Manifold Air Temperature 0°F to 66°F (18° C to 19°C)⬙
for more information.
2. Press and hold the brake pedal while pushing the
ENGINE START/STOP button once.
To Turn Off The Engine Using ENGINE START/STOP
Button
3. The system takes over and attempts to start the vehicle.
If the vehicle fails to start, the starter will disengage
automatically after 25 seconds.
1. Place the gear selector in PARK, then push and release
the ENGINE START/STOP button.
Normal Starting
Using The ENGINE START/STOP Button
4. If you wish to stop the cranking of the engine prior to
the engine starting, remove your foot from the brake
pedal and push the button again.
2. The ignition will return to the OFF position.
STARTING AND OPERATING 123
3. If the gear selector is not in PARK, the ENGINE START/
STOP button must be held for two seconds or three short
pushes in a row with the vehicle speed above 5 mph
(8 km/h) before the engine will shut off. The ignition
switch position will remain in the ACC position until the
gear selector is in PARK and the button is pushed twice
to the OFF position. If the gear selector is not in PARK
and the ENGINE START/STOP button is pushed once,
the instrument cluster display will display a “Vehicle
Not In Park” message and the engine will remain
running. Never leave a vehicle out of the PARK position,
or it could roll.
NOTE: If the ignition is left in the ACC or RUN (engine not
running) position and the transmission is in PARK, the
system will automatically time out after 30 minutes of
inactivity and the ignition will switch to the OFF position.
4. If the gear selector is in NEUTRAL, push and release the
ENGINE START/STOP button with the vehicle speed
below 5 mph (8 km/h) before the engine will shut off.
The ignition will remain in the ACC position.
1. Starting with the ignition in the OFF position:
ENGINE START/STOP Button Functions — With
Driver’s Foot OFF The Brake Pedal (In PARK Or
NEUTRAL Position)
The ENGINE START/STOP button operates similar to an
ignition switch. It has three positions, OFF, ACC, RUN. To
change the ignition switch positions without starting the
vehicle and use the accessories follow these steps:
2. Push the ENGINE START/STOP button once to change
the ignition to the ACC position.
3. Push the ENGINE START/STOP button a second time
to change the ignition to the RUN position.
4. Push the ENGINE START/STOP button a third time to
return the ignition to the OFF position.
5
124 STARTING AND OPERATING
Keyless Enter-N-Go Starting Procedure — Engine
Manifold Air Temperature 0° F To 66° F (–18° C to
19° C)
NOTE: The temperature displayed in the instrument cluster does not necessarily reflect the engine manifold air
temperature. Refer to “Instrument Cluster Display” in
“Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information. When engine temperatures fall below 66°F (19°C)
the “Wait To Start Light” will remain on indicating the
intake manifold heater system is active.
Follow the steps in the “Normal Starting” procedure
except:
1. Pushing the engine start button with the driver’s foot on
the brake will move the ignition from OFF or ACC to
RUN, and will illuminate the ⬙Wait To Start⬙ telltale. The
engine will not immediately crank, this is normal operation.
2. The “Wait To Start⬙ telltale will remain on for a period of
time that varies depending on the engine temperature.
3. While the ⬙Wait to Start⬙ telltale is on, the instrument
cluster will additionally display a gauge or bar whose
initial length represents the full ⬙Wait to Start⬙ time
period. Its length will decrease until it disappears when
the ⬙Wait to Start⬙ time has elapsed.
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START engine before you drain the water from
the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information.
4. After the engine “Wait To Start” telltale goes off, the
engine will automatically crank.
CAUTION!
The engine may automatically crank when the “Wait
To Start” time has elapsed. To abort the automatic
starting process, ensure the driver’s foot is fully removed from the brake pedal prior to pushing the
START/STOP button to cycle the ignition off.
STARTING AND OPERATING 125
5. After engine start-up, check to see that there is oil
pressure.
6. Allow the engine to idle about three minutes until the
manifold heaters have completed the post-heat cycle.
7. Release the parking brake and drive.
NOTE:
• Engine idle speed will automatically increase to 1,000
RPM and engage the Variable Geometry Turbocharger at
low coolant temperatures to improve engine warm-up.
• The engine may not automatically crank after the engine
⬙Wait To Start⬙ telltale goes off if a door or the hood is
ajar.
• If the engine stalls, or if the ignition switch is left ON for
more than two minutes after the “Wait To Start Light”
goes out, reset the grid heaters by turning the ignition
switch to the OFF position for at least five seconds and
then back ON. Repeat steps 1 through 7 of “Keyless
Enter-N-Go Starting Procedure – Engine Manifold Air
Temperature Below 66° F (19° C).”
Extreme Cold Weather
The Cummins diesel engine is equipped with several
features designed to assist cold weather starting and operation:
• The engine block heater is a resistance heater installed in
the water jacket of the engine just above and behind the
oil filter. It requires a 110–115 Volt AC electrical outlet
with a grounded, three-wire extension cord.
NOTE: The engine block heater cord is a factory installed
option. If your vehicle is not equipped, heater cords are
available from your authorized MOPAR dealer.
• A 12 Volt heater built into the fuel filter housings aid in
preventing fuel gelling. It is controlled by a built-in
thermostat.
• A heated intake air system both improves engine starting and reduces the amount of white smoke generated
by a warming engine.
5
126 STARTING AND OPERATING
Normal Starting Procedure — Engine Manifold Air
Temperature Above 66° F (19° C)
Observe the instrument panel cluster lights when starting
the engine.
1. Always apply the parking brake.
2. Shift into PARK for an automatic transmission.
For vehicles equipped with a manual transmission, fully
press and hold the clutch pedal and shift into NEUTRAL.
3. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and watch
the instrument panel cluster lights.
4. Turn the ignition switch to the START position and
crank the engine. Do not press the accelerator during
starting.
CAUTION!
Do not crank engine for more than 15 seconds at a time
or starter motor damage may result. Turn the ignition
switch to the OFF position and wait at least two
minutes for the starter to cool before repeating start
procedure.
5. When the engine starts, release the key fob.
6. Check that the oil pressure warning light has turned off.
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START the engine before you drain the water
from the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information.
7. Release the parking brake.
Starting Procedure — Engine Manifold Air
Temperature 0°F To 66°F (–18°C to 19°C)
NOTE: The temperature displayed in the instrument cluster does not necessarily reflect the engine manifold air
temperature. Refer to “Instrument Cluster Display” in
“Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information. When engine temperatures fall below 66°F (19°C)
the “Wait To Start Light” will remain on indicating the
intake manifold heater system is active.
STARTING AND OPERATING 127
Follow the steps in the “Normal Starting” procedure
except:
1. The “Wait To Start” telltale will remain on for a period of
time that varies depending on the engine temperature.
CAUTION!
Do not crank engine for more than 15 seconds at a time
or starter motor damage may result. Turn the ignition
switch to the OFF position and wait at least two
minutes for the starter to cool before repeating start
procedure.
2. While the ⬙Wait To Start” telltale is on, the instrument
cluster will additionally display a gauge or bar whose
initial length represents the full ⬙Wait To Start⬙ time
period. Its length will decrease until it disappears when
the ⬙Wait To Start⬙ time has elapsed.
4. After engine start-up, check that the oil pressure warning light has turned off.
CAUTION!
5. Allow the engine to idle about three minutes until the
manifold heaters have completed the post-heat cycle.
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START engine before you drain the water from
the fuel filters to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information.
3. After the “Wait To Start” telltale goes off, turn the
ignition switch to the START position. Do not press the
accelerator during starting.
6. Release the parking brake and drive.
NOTE:
• Engine idle speed will automatically increase to
1,000 RPM and engage the Variable Geometry Turbocharger at low coolant temperatures to improve engine
warm-up.
• Automatic equipped vehicles with optional Keyless
Enter-N-Go – If the start button is pushed once while in
park with the ignition off and driver’s foot on the brake
pedal, the vehicle will automatically crank and start
after the Wait to Start time has elapsed. If it is desired to
5
128 STARTING AND OPERATING
abort the start process before it completes, the driver’s
foot should be fully removed from the brake pedal prior
to pushing the start button again in order for the ignition
to move directly to off.
1. If the engine stalls after the initial start, the ignition must
be turned to the OFF position for at least five seconds
and then to the ON position to recycle the manifold
heaters.
• If the engine stalls, or if the ignition switch is left ON for
more than two minutes after the “Wait To Start” telltale
goes out, reset the grid heaters by turning the ignition
switch to the OFF position for at least five seconds and
then back ON. Repeat steps 1 through 5 of “Starting
Procedure – Engine Manifold Air Temperature Below
66°F (19°C).”
NOTE: Excessive white smoke and poor engine performance will result if manifold heaters are not recycled.
Starting Procedure — Engine Manifold Air
Temperature Below 0°F (-18°C)
In extremely cold weather below 0°F (-18°C) it may be
beneficial to cycle the manifold heaters twice before attempting to start the engine. This can be accomplished by
turning the ignition OFF for at least five seconds and then
back ON after the “Wait To Start” telltale has turned off,
but before the engine is started. However, excessive cycling
of the manifold heaters will result in damage to the heater
elements or reduced battery voltage.
NOTE:If multiple pre-heat cycles are used before starting, additional engine run time may be required to
maintain battery state of charge at a satisfactory level.
2. Heat generated by the manifold heaters dissipates rapidly in a cold engine. If more than two minutes pass
between the time the “Wait To Start” telltale turns off
and the engine is started, recycle the manifold heaters
by turning the ignition switch to the OFF position for at
least five seconds and then back ON.
3. If the vehicle is driven and vehicle speed exceeds
19 mph (31 km/h) before the manifold heater post-heat
(after start) cycle is complete, the manifold heaters will
shut off.
4. If the engine is started before the “Wait To Start” telltale
turns off, the preheat cycle will turn off.
5. If the engine is cranked for more than 10 seconds, the
post-heat cycle will turn off.
STARTING AND OPERATING 129
NOTE:
• Engine idle speed will automatically increase to
1,000 RPM and engage the Variable Geometry Turbocharger at low coolant temperatures to improve engine
warm-up.
• When a diesel engine is allowed to run out of fuel or the
fuel gels at low temperatures, air is pulled into the fuel
system. If your engine has run out of fuel, refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Priming If The Engine Has
Run Out Of Fuel” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for
further information.
• If the engine stalls, or if the ignition switch is left ON for
more than two minutes after the “Wait To Start” telltale
goes out, reset the grid heaters by turning the ignition
switch to the OFF position for at least five seconds and
then back ON. Repeat steps 1 through 5 of “Starting
Procedure – Engine Manifold Air Temperature Below
66°F (19°C).”
Starting Fluids
WARNING!
Starting fluids or flammable liquids must never be
used in the Cummins diesel engine (see Warning
label). Never pour diesel fuel, flammable liquid, starting fluids (ether) into the air cleaner canister, air intake
piping, or turbocharger inlet in an attempt to start the
vehicle. This could result in a flash fire and explosion
causing serious personal injury and engine damage.
The engine is equipped with an automatic electric air
preheating system. If the instructions in this manual are
followed, the engine should start in all conditions.
WARNING!
• Do not leave children or animals inside parked
vehicles in hot weather. Interior heat build up may
cause serious injury or death.
• When leaving the vehicle, always make sure the
keyless ignition node is in the “OFF” mode, remove
the key fob from the vehicle and lock the vehicle.
(Continued)
5
130 STARTING AND OPERATING
WARNING! (Continued)
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a number
of reasons. A child or others could be seriously or
fatally injured. Children should be warned not to
touch the parking brake, brake pedal or the gear
selector.
• Do not leave the key fob in or near the vehicle, or in
a location accessible to children, and do not leave the
ignition of a vehicle equipped with Keyless EnterN-Go in the ACC or ON/RUN mode. A child could
operate power windows, other controls, or move the
vehicle.
NORMAL OPERATION — DIESEL ENGINE
Observe the following when the engine is operating.
• All message center lights are off.
• Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) is off.
• Engine oil pressure is above 10 psi (69 kPa) at idle.
• Voltmeter operation:
The voltmeter may show a gauge fluctuation at various
engine temperatures. This cycling operation is caused by
the post-heat cycle of the intake manifold heater system.
The number of cycles and the length of the cycling operation is controlled by the engine control module. Post-heat
operation can run for several minutes, and then the electrical system and voltmeter needle will stabilize.
The cycling action will cause temporary dimming of the
headlamps, interior lamps, and also a noticeable reduction
in blower motor speed.
STARTING AND OPERATING 131
Cold Weather Precautions
Fuel Operating Range
Operation in ambient temperature below 32°F (0°C) may
require special considerations. The following charts suggest these options:
NOTE: Use “Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuels” ONLY.
5
Fuel Operating Range Chart
*No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel should only be used
where extended arctic conditions (0°F/-18°C) exist”.
132 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE:
Winter Front Cover Usage
• Use of Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel or
Number 1 Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel results in a
noticeable decrease in fuel economy.
A winter front or cold weather cover is to be used in
ambient temperatures below 32°F (0°C), especially during
extended idle conditions. This cover is equipped with four
flaps for managing total grille opening in varying ambient
temperatures. If a winter front or cold weather cover is to
be used the flaps should be left in the full open position to
allow air flow to the charge air cooler and automatic
transmission oil cooler. When ambient temperatures drop
below 0°F (-17°C) the four flaps need to be closed. A
suitable cold weather cover is available from your MOPAR
dealer.
• Climatized Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel is a blend of
Number 2 Ultra Low Sulfur and Number 1 Ultra Low
Sulfur Diesel Fuels which reduces the temperature at
which wax crystals form in fuel.
• The fuel grade should be clearly marked on the pump at
the fuel station.
• The engine requires the use of “Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel
Fuel”. Use of incorrect fuel could result in engine and
exhaust system damage. Refer to “Fuel Requirements”
in “Starting And Operating” for further information.
• If climatized or diesel Number 1 ULSD fuel is not
available, and you are operating below (20°F/-6°C), in
sustained arctic conditions, Mopar Premium Diesel Fuel
Treatment (or equivalent) is recommended to avoid
gelling (see Fuel Operating Range Chart).
Engine Oil Usage
Refer to “Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your
Vehicle” for the correct engine oil viscosity.
Battery Blanket Usage
A battery loses 60% of its cranking power as the battery
temperature decreases to 0°F (-18°C). For the same decrease in temperature, the engine requires twice as much
power to crank at the same RPM. The use of 120 VAC
powered battery blankets will greatly increase starting
capability at low temperatures. Suitable battery blankets
are available from your authorized MOPAR dealer.
STARTING AND OPERATING 133
Engine Warm-Up
• Automatic transmission is in PARK.
Avoid full throttle operation when the engine is cold. When
starting a cold engine, bring the engine up to operating
speed slowly to allow the oil pressure to stabilize as the
engine warms up.
• Vehicle speed is 0 mph (0 km/h).
NOTE: High-speed, no-load running of a cold engine can
result in excessive white smoke and poor engine performance. No-load engine speeds should be kept under 1,200
RPM during the warm-up period, especially in cold ambient temperature conditions.
Your vehicle is equipped with a turbo speed limiter, this
feature limits the engine speed to 1,200 RPM when engine
coolant temperatures are below 70°F (21°C). This feature is
designed to protect the turbocharger from damage and will
only operate in PARK or NEUTRAL.
If temperatures are below 32°F (0°C), operate the engine at
moderate speeds for five minutes before full loads are
applied.
NOTE: If ambient temperatures are low and the coolant
temperature is below 180°F (82°C), the engine idle speed
will slowly increase to 1,000 RPM after two minutes of idle,
if the following conditions are met:
• Foot is off brake pedal and throttle pedal.
• Applying the throttle will cancel fast idle.
• Operating the exhaust brake at idle will greatly improve
warm up rate and will help keep the engine close to
operating temperature during extended idle.
Engine Idling
Avoid prolonged idling, long periods of idling may be
harmful to your engine because combustion chamber temperatures can drop so low that the fuel may not burn
completely. Incomplete combustion allows carbon and
varnish to form on piston rings, engine valves, and injector
nozzles. Also, the unburned fuel can enter the crankcase,
diluting the oil and causing rapid wear to the engine.
If the engine is allowed to idle or the truck is driven on low
engine speed drive cycles for more than 2 hours, the
system will automatically enter an emissions operating
mode that will increase the engine idle speed to 900 RPM
(1050 RPM for Chassis Cab). While in this mode, which is
designed to help maintain the diesel particulate filter, the
engine idle speed will return to normal when the brake
pedal is applied. A small change in engine tone or a slight
change in engine performance while accelerating may also
5
134 STARTING AND OPERATING
be noticeable at speeds below 20 mph (32 kmh). This
operating mode may last for up to an hour of idle time, or
around 20 minutes of driving time.
The Idle-Up feature uses the speed control switches to
increase engine idle speed and quickly warm the vehicle’s
interior.
Your truck may have been ordered with an optional
voltage monitoring idle up feature. If a load is placed on
the electrical system while the truck is in park, this feature
will attempt to maintain normal system voltage by automatically increasing engine idle speed. You may notice
several consecutive increases in idle speed, up to a maximum of 1450 RPM, as the system will attempt to utilize the
smallest increase in idle speed necessary to maintain
normal system voltage. The idle speed will return to
normal when either the electrical load is removed, or when
the brake pedal is applied.
1. With the transmission in PARK, the parking brake
applied, and the engine running, push the speed control
switch to the ON position, then push the SET switch.
NOTE: For instrument cluster display messages related to
the vehicle’s exhaust system, refer to “Instrument Cluster
Display” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
further information.
Idle-Up Feature — Automatic Transmission Only
The driver-controlled high idle speed feature will help
increase cylinder temperatures and provide additional cab
heat, however, excessive idling may still cause the exhaust
aftertreatment system to not properly regenerate. Extended
periods of idle time should be avoided.
2. The engine RPM will go up to 1100 RPM. To increase the
RPM, push and hold the ACCEL/RESUME switch and
the idle speed will increase to approximately 1500 RPM.
To decrease the RPM, push and hold the DECEL switch
and the idle speed will decrease to approximately
1100 RPM.
3. To cancel the Idle–Up feature, either push the CANCEL
switch, push the ON/OFF switch, or press the brake
pedal.
Stopping The Engine
Idle the engine a few minutes before routine shutdown.
After full load operation, idle the engine three to five
minutes before shutting it down. This idle period will
allow the lubricating oil and coolant to carry excess heat
away from the combustion chamber, bearings, internal
components, and turbocharger. This is especially important
for turbocharged, charge air-cooled engines.
STARTING AND OPERATING 135
NOTE:
• During engine shut down on vehicles equipped with
manual transmissions, it is normal for the diesel engine
to resonate heavily for a moment during engine shut off.
When the engine is connected to a manual transmission,
this resonance causes load gear rattle from the transmission. This is commonly referred to as “shut down rattle.”
The manufacturer recommends performing engine shut
down with the clutch pedal pushed to the floor (clutch
disengaged). When engine shut down is performed in
this manner the rattle is reduced (not eliminated).
• Refer to the following chart for proper engine shutdown.
Driving
Condition
Highway
Speeds
City Traffic
Highway
Speeds
Uphill
Grade
Load
Medium
Maximum
GCWR
Maximum
GCWR
Maximum
GCWR
Turbocharger
Temperature
Warm
Idle Time
(min.) Before Engine
Shutdown
Two
Three
Four
Hot
Five
Idle Shutdown
Driving
Condition
Stop and
Go
Stop and
Go
Load
Empty
Medium
Turbocharger
Temperature
Cool
Idle Time
(min.) Before Engine
Shutdown
Less than
One
One
This feature can be enabled so that the truck will automatically shutdown when the truck has been idling for a set
period of time when the engine is at operating temperature. Idle time can be set in 5 minute increments between 5
and 60 minutes. See your local authorized dealer to enable
this feature.
NOTE: The idle shut down timer is disabled while the PTO
is active.
5
136 STARTING AND OPERATING
Programmable Maximum Vehicle Speed (Chassis
Cab Only)
This feature allows the owner to set a maximum vehicle
speed for the vehicle. The 3500 Series maximum vehicle
speed can be set between 40 mph (64 km/h) and 87 mph
(140 km/h). The 4500/5500 Series maximum vehicle speed
can be set between 40 mph (64 km/h) and 85 mph
(136 km/h). See your local authorized dealer to enable this
feature.
NOTE: DO NOT set the maximum vehicle speed to a value
greater than what the vehicle tires are rated for.
Operating Precautions
Avoid Overheating The Engine
The temperature of the engine coolant (antifreeze) (a
mixture of 50% ethylene-glycol and 50% water) must not
exceed the normal range of the temperature gauge 240°F
(116°C) with a 21 psi (145 kPa) coolant pressure cap.
Usually the engine coolant (antifreeze) temperature indicated during operation will be to the left of center in the
normal range of the gauge.
Avoid Low Coolant Temperature Operation
Continual operation at low engine coolant (antifreeze)
temperature below the normal range on the gauge 140°F
(60°C) can be harmful to the engine. Low engine coolant
(antifreeze) temperature can cause incomplete combustion
which allows carbon and varnish to form on piston rings
and injector nozzles. Also, the unburned fuel can enter the
crankcase, diluting the lubricating oil and causing rapid
wear to the engine.
Cooling System Tips — Automatic Transmission
To reduce potential for engine and transmission overheating in high ambient temperature conditions, take the
following actions:
• City Driving —
When stopped, shift the transmission into NEUTRAL and
increase engine idle speed.
• Highway Driving —
Reduce your speed.
• Up Steep Hills —
Select a lower transmission gear.
• Air Conditioning —
Turn it off temporarily.
STARTING AND OPERATING 137
Do Not Operate The Engine With Low Oil Pressure
• Fuel, oil or coolant leaks.
When the engine is at normal operating temperature, the
minimum oil pressures required are:
• Sudden change, outside the normal operating range, in
the engine operating temperature.
Idle 700 to 800 RPM
Full speed and load
10 psi (69 kPa)
30 psi (207 kPa)
CAUTION!
If oil pressure falls to less than normal readings, shut
the engine off immediately. Failure to do so could
result in immediate and severe engine damage.
Do Not Operate The Engine With Failed Parts
All engine failures give some warning before the parts fail.
Be on the alert for changes in performance, sounds, and
visual evidence that the engine requires service. Some
important clues are:
• Engine misfiring or vibrating severely.
• Sudden loss of power.
• Unusual engine noises.
• Excessive smoke.
• Oil pressure drop.
ENGINE BLOCK HEATER — IF EQUIPPED
The engine block heater warms engine coolant and permits
quicker starts in cold weather. Connect the heater cord to a
ground-fault interrupter protected 110–115 Volt AC electrical outlet with a grounded, three-wire extension cord.
The engine block heater cord is routed under the hood to
the right side and can be located just behind the grille near
the headlamp.
NOTE: The engine block heater cord is a factory installed
option. If your vehicle is not equipped, heater cords are
available from your authorized MOPAR dealer.
The block heater must be plugged in at least one hour to
have an adequate warming effect on the coolant.
5
138 STARTING AND OPERATING
WARNING!
Remember to disconnect the cord before driving.
Damage to the 110–115 Volt electrical cord could cause
electrocution.
NOTE: The block heater will require 110 Volts AC and
6.5 Amps to activate the heater element.
Block Heater Usage
• Reduced brake fade.
• Longer brake life.
• Faster cab warm-up.
The exhaust brake feature will only function when the
driver toggles it on by pushing the exhaust brake button
until the ⬙Exhaust Brake Indicator⬙ is illuminated. Normal
(Full Strength) exhaust brake mode is indicated by a yellow
⬙Exhaust Brake Indicator⬙.
For ambient temperatures below 0°F (-18°C), engine block
heater usage is recommended.
For ambient temperatures below –20°F (-29°C), engine
block heater usage is required.
DIESEL EXHAUST BRAKE (ENGINE BRAKING)
The purpose of the exhaust brake (engine braking) feature
is to supply negative (braking) torque from the engine.
Typically, the engine braking is used for, but not limited to,
vehicle towing applications where vehicle braking can be
achieved by the internal engine power, thereby sparing the
mechanical brakes of the vehicle.
Benefits of the exhaust brake are:
• Vehicle driving control.
Exhaust Brake Switch
Once the ⬙Exhaust Brake Indicator” is illuminated and the
vehicle is moving faster than 5 mph (8 km/h); the exhaust
brake will automatically operate when the driver removes
STARTING AND OPERATING 139
pressure from the accelerator pedal. Exhaust braking is
most effective when the engine RPM is higher. The automatic transmission will downshift more aggressively in
TOW/HAUL mode when the exhaust brake is enabled to
increase brake performance.
CAUTION!
Use of aftermarket exhaust brakes is not recommended
and could lead to engine damage
WARNING!
Do not use the exhaust brake feature when driving in
icy or slippery conditions as the increased engine
braking can cause the rear wheels to slide and the
vehicle to swing around with the possible loss of
vehicle control, which may cause an accident possibly
resulting in personal injury or death.
NOTE: For optimum braking power it is recommended to
use the exhaust brake while in TOW/HAUL mode.
The exhaust brake feature can also be used to reduce the
engine warm up time. To use the exhaust brake as a
warm-up device, the vehicle must be stopped or moving
less than 5 mph (8 km/h), the ⬙Exhaust Brake Indicator⬙
must be on, and the coolant temperature must be below
180°F (82°C) and ambient temperature below 60°F (16°C).
Automatic Smart Exhaust Brake (Auto)
Automatic Exhaust Brake technology delivers smoother,
less aggressive exhaust braking characteristics during
downhill descents. Although it can apply full exhaust
braking force if needed, Automatic Exhaust Brake may not
apply obvious braking if the vehicle speed is not increasing. Automatic Exhaust Brake is intended to maintain
vehicle speed, while Full Exhaust Brake is intended to
reduce vehicle speed.
Automatic Exhaust Brake can be enabled by pushing the
exhaust brake button again anytime after the normal Full
Exhaust Brake has been turned on. The “Exhaust Brake
Indicator” in the instrument cluster display will change
from Yellow to Green when Automatic Exhaust Brake is
enabled. Pushing the exhaust brake button again will
toggle the exhaust brake mode to off.
5
140 STARTING AND OPERATING
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION — IF EQUIPPED
WARNING!
• It is dangerous to shift out of PARK or NEUTRAL if
the engine speed is higher than idle speed. If your
foot is not firmly pressing the brake pedal, the
vehicle could accelerate quickly forward or in reverse. You could lose control of the vehicle and hit
someone or something. Only shift into gear when the
engine is idling normally and your foot is firmly
pressing the brake pedal.
• Unintended movement of a vehicle could injure
those in or near the vehicle. As with all vehicles, you
should never exit a vehicle while the engine is
running. Before exiting a vehicle, always apply the
parking brake, shift the transmission into PARK,
turn the engine OFF, and remove the key fob. When
the ignition is in the LOCK/OFF (key removal)
position, (or, with Keyless Enter-N-Go, when the
ignition is in the OFF mode) the transmission is
locked in PARK, securing the vehicle against unwanted movement.
(Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• When leaving the vehicle, always make sure the
ignition is in the OFF mode, remove the key fob from
the vehicle, and lock the vehicle.
• Never use the PARK position as a substitute for the
parking brake. Always apply the parking brake fully
when parked to guard against vehicle movement and
possible injury or damage.
• Your vehicle could move and injure you and others if
it is not in PARK. Check by trying to move the gear
selector out of PARK with the brake pedal released.
Make sure the transmission is in PARK before leaving the vehicle.
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a number
of reasons. A child or others could be seriously or
fatally injured. Children should be warned not to
touch the parking brake, brake pedal or the transmission gear selector.
(Continued)
STARTING AND OPERATING 141
WARNING! (Continued)
• Do not leave the key fob in or near the vehicle (or in
a location accessible to children), and do not leave
the ignition (in a vehicle equipped with Keyless
Enter-N-Go) in the ACC or ON/RUN mode. A child
could operate power windows, other controls, or
move the vehicle.
CAUTION!
Damage to the transmission may occur if the following
precautions are not observed:
• Shift into or out of PARK or REVERSE only after the
vehicle has come to a complete stop.
• Do not shift between PARK, REVERSE, NEUTRAL,
or DRIVE when the engine is above idle speed.
• Before shifting into any gear, make sure your foot is
firmly pressing the brake pedal.
NOTE: You must press and hold the brake pedal while
shifting out of PARK.
Key Ignition Park Interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a Key Ignition Park Interlock
which requires the transmission to be in PARK before the
ignition can be turned to the LOCK/OFF (key removal)
position. The key fob can only be removed from the
ignition when the ignition is in the LOCK/OFF position,
and the transmission is locked in PARK whenever the
ignition is in the LOCK/OFF position.
Brake/Transmission Shift Interlock System
This vehicle is equipped with a Brake Transmission Shift
Interlock System (BTSI) that holds the transmission gear
selector in PARK unless the brakes are applied. To shift the
transmission out of PARK, the ignition must be turned to
the ON/RUN mode (engine running or not) and the brake
pedal must be pressed.
Six-Speed Automatic Transmission — If Equipped
Chassis Cab models (with automatic transmission) use the
AS69RC transmission (which is equipped with a Power
Take-Off [PTO] access cover on the side of the transmission
case). Pickup models may use either the AS69RC transmission, or the 68RFE transmission (which has no PTO access
cover).
The transmission gear position display (located in the
instrument cluster) indicates the transmission gear range.
The gear selector is mounted on the right side of the
steering column. You must press the brake pedal to move
5
142 STARTING AND OPERATING
the gear selector out of PARK (refer to “Brake/
Transmission Shift Interlock System” in this section). To
drive, move the gear selector from PARK or NEUTRAL to
the DRIVE position. Pull the gear selector toward you
when shifting into REVERSE or PARK, or when shifting
out of PARK.
1, 2, 3, etc. Some models will display both the selected gear
limit, and the actual current gear, while in ERS mode.
The electronically-controlled transmission provides a precise shift schedule. The transmission electronics are selfcalibrating; therefore, the first few shifts on a new vehicle
may be somewhat abrupt. This is a normal condition, and
precision shifts will develop within a few hundred miles
(kilometers).
NOTE: After selecting any gear range, wait a moment to
allow the selected gear to engage before accelerating. This
is especially important when the engine is cold.
Only shift from DRIVE to PARK or REVERSE when the
accelerator pedal is released and the vehicle is stopped. Be
sure to keep your foot on the brake pedal when shifting
between these gears.
The transmission gear selector has only PARK, REVERSE,
NEUTRAL, and DRIVE shift positions. Manual downshifts
can be made using the Electronic Range Select (ERS) shift
control (refer to ⬙Electronic Range Select (ERS) Operation⬙
in this section for further information). Pressing the ERS
(-/+) switches (on the gear selector) while in the DRIVE
position will select the highest available transmission gear,
and will display that gear limit in the instrument cluster as
Gear Ranges
DO NOT race the engine when shifting from PARK or
NEUTRAL into another gear range.
PARK (P)
This range supplements the parking brake by locking the
transmission. The engine can be started in this range.
Never attempt to use PARK while the vehicle is in motion.
Apply the parking brake when leaving the vehicle in this
range.
When parking on a level surface, you may shift the
transmission into PARK first, and then apply the parking
brake.
When parking on a hill, apply the parking brake before
shifting the transmission to PARK, otherwise the load on
the transmission locking mechanism may make it difficult
to move the gear selector out of PARK. As an added
STARTING AND OPERATING 143
precaution, turn the front wheels toward the curb on a
downhill grade and away from the curb on an uphill grade.
WARNING! (Continued)
• Never use the PARK position as a substitute for the
parking brake. Always apply the parking brake fully
when parked to guard against vehicle movement and
possible injury or damage.
• Your vehicle could move and injure you and others if
it is not in PARK. Check by trying to move the gear
selector out of PARK with the brake pedal released.
Make sure the transmission is in PARK before leaving the vehicle.
• It is dangerous to shift out of PARK or NEUTRAL if
the engine speed is higher than idle speed. If your
foot is not firmly pressing the brake pedal, the
vehicle could accelerate quickly forward or in reverse. You could lose control of the vehicle and hit
someone or something. Only shift into gear when the
engine is idling normally and your foot is firmly
pressing the brake pedal.
• Unintended movement of a vehicle could injure
those in or near the vehicle. As with all vehicles, you
should never exit a vehicle while the engine is
running. Before exiting a vehicle, always apply the
parking brake, shift the transmission into PARK,
turn the engine OFF, and remove the key fob. When
the ignition is in the LOCK/OFF (key removal)
position (or, with Keyless Enter-N-Go, when the
ignition is in the OFF mode), the transmission is
locked in PARK, securing the vehicle against unwanted movement.
• When leaving the vehicle, always make sure the
ignition is in the OFF mode, remove the key fob from
the vehicle, and lock the vehicle.
(Continued)
(Continued)
When exiting the vehicle, always:
• Apply the parking brake.
• Shift the transmission into PARK.
• Turn the engine OFF.
• Remove the key fob.
NOTE: On four-wheel drive vehicles be sure that the
transfer case is in a drive position.
WARNING!
5
144 STARTING AND OPERATING
WARNING! (Continued)
• Never leave children alone in a vehicle, or with
access to an unlocked vehicle. Allowing children to
be in a vehicle unattended is dangerous for a number
of reasons. A child or others could be seriously or
fatally injured. Children should be warned not to
touch the parking brake, brake pedal or the transmission gear selector.
• Do not leave the key fob in or near the vehicle (or in
a location accessible to children), and do not leave
the ignition (in a vehicle equipped with Keyless
Enter-N-Go) in the ACC or ON/RUN mode. A child
could operate power windows, other controls, or
move the vehicle.
CAUTION!
• Before moving the transmission gear selector out of
PARK, you must turn the ignition to the ON/RUN
mode, and also press the brake pedal. Otherwise,
damage to the gear selector could result.
• DO NOT race the engine when shifting from PARK
or NEUTRAL into another gear range, as this can
damage the drivetrain.
The following indicators should be used to ensure that you
have engaged the transmission into the PARK position:
• When shifting into PARK, pull the gear selector toward
you and move it all the way counterclockwise until it
stops.
• Release the gear selector and make sure it is fully seated
in the PARK gate.
• Look at the transmission gear position display and
verify that it indicates the PARK position (P).
• With brake pedal released, verify that the gear selector
will not move out of PARK.
REVERSE (R)
This range is for moving the vehicle backward. Shift into
REVERSE only after the vehicle has come to a complete
stop.
NEUTRAL (N)
Use this range when the vehicle is standing for prolonged
periods with the engine running. The engine may be
started in this range. Apply the parking brake and shift the
transmission into PARK if you must leave the vehicle.
STARTING AND OPERATING 145
WARNING!
Do not coast in NEUTRAL and never turn off the
ignition to coast down a hill. These are unsafe practices
that limit your response to changing traffic or road
conditions. You might lose control of the vehicle and
have a collision.
CAUTION!
Towing the vehicle, coasting, or driving for any other
reason with the transmission in NEUTRAL can cause
severe transmission damage. Refer to “Recreational
Towing” in “Starting And Operating” and “Towing A
Disabled Vehicle” in “What To Do In Emergencies” for
further information.
DRIVE (D)
This range should be used for most city and highway
driving. It provides the smoothest upshifts and downshifts,
and the best fuel economy. The transmission automatically
upshifts through underdrive first, second, and third gears,
direct fourth gear and overdrive fifth and sixth gears. The
DRIVE position provides optimum driving characteristics
under all normal operating conditions.
When frequent transmission shifting occurs (such as when
operating the vehicle under heavy loading conditions, in
hilly terrain, traveling into strong head winds, or while
towing a heavy trailer), use the Electronic Range Select
(ERS) shift control (refer to “Electronic Range Select (ERS)
Operation” in this section for further information) to select
a lower gear range. Under these conditions, using a lower
gear range will improve performance and extend transmission life by reducing excessive shifting and heat buildup.
If the transmission temperature exceeds normal operating
limits, the powertrain controller will modify the transmission shift schedule and expand the range of torque converter clutch engagement. This is done to prevent transmission damage due to overheating.
If the transmission becomes extremely hot or is in danger
of overheating, the “Transmission Temperature Warning
Light” may illuminate and the transmission may operate
differently until the transmission cools down.
5
146 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE: Use caution when operating a heavily loaded
vehicle at low speeds (such as towing a trailer up a steep
grade, or in stop-and-go traffic) during hot weather. In
these conditions, torque converter slip can impose a significant additional heat load on the cooling system. Downshifting the transmission to the lowest possible gear (when
climbing a grade), or shifting to NEUTRAL (when stopped
in heavy traffic) can help to reduce this excess heat
generation.
During cold temperatures, transmission operation may be
modified depending on engine and transmission temperature as well as vehicle speed. This feature improves warm
up time of the engine and transmission to achieve maximum efficiency. Engagement of the torque converter clutch
is inhibited until the transmission fluid is warm (refer to
the “Note” under “Torque Converter Clutch” in this section). On Pickup models with 68RFE transmission, top
overdrive gear is also inhibited until the transmission fluid
is warm, and during extremely cold temperatures (-16°F
[-27°C] or below), operation may briefly be limited to first
and direct gears only. On trucks with AS69RC transmission, fifth and sixth gears may be inhibited briefly on cold
starts below 41°F (5°C), and during very cold temperatures
(-4°F [-20°C] or below), operation may briefly be limited to
third gear only. During this condition, the ability of the
vehicle to accelerate under heavily loaded conditions may
be reduced. In all cases, normal operation will resume once
the transmission temperature has risen to a suitable level.
Transmission Limp Home Mode
Transmission function is monitored electronically for abnormal conditions. If a condition is detected that could
result in transmission damage, Transmission Limp Home
Mode is activated. In this mode, the transmission remains
in fourth gear (for 68RFE transmission) or third gear (for
AS69RC transmission) regardless of which forward gear is
selected. If an AS69RC-equipped truck enters Limp Home
Mode at highway speeds, it will initially engage fifth gear,
until the vehicle slows to a speed where third gear can be
engaged. PARK, REVERSE, and NEUTRAL will continue
to operate. The Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) may be
illuminated. Limp Home Mode allows the vehicle to be
driven to an authorized dealer for service without damaging the transmission.
In the event of a momentary problem, the transmission can
be reset to regain all forward gears by performing the
following steps:
1. Stop the vehicle.
2. Shift the transmission into PARK.
STARTING AND OPERATING 147
3. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
4. Wait approximately 10 seconds.
5. Restart the engine.
6. Shift into the desired gear range. If the problem is no
longer detected, the transmission will return to normal
operation.
position, the transmission will operate automatically, shifting between all available gears. Tapping the ERS (-) switch
will activate ERS mode, display the current gear in the
instrument cluster, and set that gear as the top available
gear. Once in ERS mode, tapping the ERS (-) or (+) switch
will change the top available gear.
NOTE: Even if the transmission can be reset, we recommend that you visit your authorized dealer at your earliest
possible convenience. Your authorized dealer has diagnostic equipment to determine if the problem could recur.
5
If the transmission cannot be reset, authorized dealer
service is required.
Electronic Range Select (ERS) Operation
The Electronic Range Select (ERS) shift control allows the
driver to limit the highest available gear when the transmission is in DRIVE. For example, if you set the transmission gear limit to 4 (fourth gear), the transmission will not
shift above fourth gear, but will shift through the lower
gears normally.
You can switch between DRIVE and ERS mode at any
vehicle speed. When the gear selector is in the DRIVE
Column Gear Selector
To exit ERS mode, simply push and hold the ERS (+) switch
until the gear limit display disappears from the instrument
cluster.
148 STARTING AND OPERATING
Overdrive Operation
WARNING!
Do not downshift for additional engine braking on a
slippery surface. The drive wheels could lose their grip
and the vehicle could skid, causing a collision or
personal injury.
Transmission
Gear Limit
Display
Actual Gear(s)
Allowed
1
2
1
1-2
3
4
5
6
D
1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6
1-6
The automatic transmission includes an electronically controlled Overdrive (fifth and sixth gears). The transmission
will automatically shift into Overdrive if the following
conditions are present:
• The gear selector is in the DRIVE position.
• The transmission fluid has reached an adequate temperature.
• The engine coolant has reached an adequate temperature.
• The vehicle speed is sufficiently high.
NOTE: To select the proper gear position for maximum
deceleration (engine braking), simply push and hold the
ERS (-) switch. The transmission will shift to the range
from which the vehicle can best be slowed down.
CAUTION!
When using ERS for engine braking while descending
steep grades, be careful not to overspeed the engine.
Apply the brakes as needed to prevent engine overspeed.
• The driver is not heavily pressing the accelerator.
When To Use TOW/HAUL Mode
When driving in hilly areas, towing a trailer, carrying a
heavy load, etc., and frequent transmission shifting occurs,
push the TOW/HAUL switch to activate TOW/HAUL
mode. This will improve performance and reduce the
potential for transmission overheating or failure due to
excessive shifting. When operating in TOW/HAUL mode,
transmission upshifts are delayed, and the transmission
STARTING AND OPERATING 149
will automatically downshift (for engine braking) when the
throttle is closed and/or during steady braking maneuvers.
WARNING!
Do not use the “TOW/HAUL” feature when driving in
icy or slippery conditions. The increased engine braking can cause the rear wheels to slide, and the vehicle
to swing around with the possible loss of vehicle
control, which may cause an accident possibly resulting in personal injury or death.
Torque Converter Clutch
TOW/HAUL Switch
The “TOW/HAUL Indicator Light” will illuminate in the
instrument cluster to indicate that TOW/HAUL mode has
been activated. Pushing the switch a second time restores
normal operation. Normal operation is always the default
at engine start-up. If TOW/HAUL mode is desired, the
switch must be pushed each time the engine is started.
A feature designed to improve fuel economy has been
included in the automatic transmission on your vehicle. A
clutch within the torque converter engages automatically
at calibrated speeds. This may result in a slightly different
feeling or response during normal operation in the upper
gears. When the vehicle speed drops or during some
accelerations, the clutch automatically disengages.
5
150 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE:
• The torque converter clutch will not engage (and 68RFEequipped trucks will not shift to sixth gear), until the
transmission fluid and engine coolant are warm [usually
after 1 to 3 miles (2 to 5 km) of driving]. Because the
engine speed is higher when the torque converter clutch
is not engaged, it may seem as if the transmission is not
shifting properly when cold. This is normal. Using the
Electronic Range Select (ERS) shift control, when the
transmission is sufficiently warm, will demonstrate that
the transmission is able to shift into and out of Overdrive.
• If the vehicle has not been driven for several days, the
first few seconds of operation after shifting the transmission into gear may seem sluggish. This is due to the fluid
partially draining from the torque converter into the
transmission. This condition is normal and will not
cause damage to the transmission. The torque converter
will refill within five seconds after starting the engine.
MANUAL TRANSMISSION — IF EQUIPPED
WARNING!
You or others could be injured if you leave the vehicle
unattended without having the parking brake fully
applied. The parking brake should always be applied
when the driver is not in the vehicle, especially on an
incline.
CAUTION!
Never drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal,
or attempt to hold the vehicle on a hill with the clutch
pedal partially engaged, as this will cause abnormal
wear on the clutch.
NOTE: During cold weather, you may experience increased effort in shifting until the transmission fluid warms
up. This is normal.
STARTING AND OPERATING 151
This transmission has a “creeper” first gear which should
be used to start from a standing position when carrying a
payload or towing a trailer. Damage to the clutch can result
from starting in second or third gear with a loaded vehicle.
An unloaded vehicle may be launched in second gear. Use
each gear in numerical order – do not skip a gear.
Shifting
NOTE: When loaded, pulling a trailer or on a grade, the
truck should always start in first gear and not skip gears.
Recommended Vehicle Shift Speeds
Shift Pattern
Truck models with manual transmission are equipped with
a clutch interlocking ignition system. The clutch pedal
must be fully pressed to start the vehicle.
Fully press the clutch pedal before shifting gears. As you
release the clutch pedal, lightly press the accelerator pedal.
To utilize your manual transmission efficiently for both
fuel economy and performance, it should be upshifted as
listed in recommended shift speed chart. Shift at the
vehicle speeds listed for acceleration. When heavily loaded
or pulling a trailer these recommended up-shift speeds
may not apply.
5
152 STARTING AND OPERATING
Maximum Recommended Up-Shift Speeds
Gear Selection
Maximum Speed
1 to 2
7 mph
(11 km/h)
2 to 3
15 mph
(24 km/h)
Downshifting
3 to 4
25 mph
(40 km/h)
4 to 5
40 mph
(64 km/h)
5 to 6
45 mph
(72 km/h)
CAUTION!
Moving from a high gear down to a lower gear is recommended to preserve brakes when driving down steep hills.
In addition, downshifting at the right time provides better
acceleration when you desire to resume speed. Downshift
progressively. Do not skip gears to avoid overspeeding the
engine and clutch.
WARNING!
Do not downshift for additional engine braking on a
slippery surface. The drive wheels could lose their grip
and the vehicle could skid.
When descending a hill, be very careful to downshift
one gear at a time to prevent overspeeding the engine
which can cause valve damage, and/or clutch disc
damage even if the clutch pedal is pressed.
Maximum Recommended Downshift Speeds
CAUTION!
Failure to follow the recommended downshifting
speeds may cause the engine to overspeed and/or
damage the clutch disc even if the clutch pedal is
pressed.
STARTING AND OPERATING 153
Maximum Recommended Downshifting Speeds
Gear Selection
Maximum Speed
6 to 5
68 mph
(109 km/h)
5 to 4
50 mph
(80 km/h)
CAUTION!
If you skip a gear while downshifting or downshift at
too high of a vehicle speed, these conditions may cause
the engine to overspeed if too low of a gear is selected
and the clutch pedal is released. Damage to the clutch
and the transmission can result from skipping a gear
while downshifting or downshifting at too high of a
vehicle speed even if the clutch pedal is held pressed
(i.e., not released).
Reverse Shifting
To shift into REVERSE (R), bring the vehicle to a complete
stop. Press the clutch and pause briefly to allow the gear
train to stop rotating. Beginning from the NEUTRAL (N)
position, move the gear selector in one quick smooth
motion straight across and into the REVERSE (R) area (the
driver will feel a firm “click” as the shifter passes the
“knock-over”). Complete the shift by pulling the gear
selector into REVERSE (R).
4 to 3
32 mph
(51 km/h)
3 to 2
19 mph
(31 km/h)
2 to 1
10 mph
(16 km/h)
The “knock-over” prevents the driver from accidentally
entering the REVERSE (R) shift area and warns the driver
that they are about to shift the transmission into REVERSE
(R). Due to this feature, a slow shift to REVERSE (R) can be
perceived as a high shift effort.
To shift out of REVERSE bring the vehicle to a complete
stop and press the clutch. Shifting out of REVERSE prior to
a complete stop may cause high shift effort.
AUXILIARY SWITCHES — IF EQUIPPED
There can be up to five auxiliary switches located in the
lower switch bank of the instrument panel which can be
used to power various electronic devices and PTO (Power
Take Off) – If Equipped. If Power Take Off is equipped, it
will take the place of the fifth Auxiliary switch. Connections to the switches are found under the hood in the
connectors attached to the auxiliary Power Distribution
Center.
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154 STARTING AND OPERATING
You have the ability to configure the functionality of the
auxiliary switches via the instrument cluster display. All
switches can now be configured for setting the switch type
operation to latching or momentary, power source of either
battery or ignition, and ability to hold last state across key
cycles.
NOTE: Holding last state conditions are met when switch
type is set to latching and power source is set to ignition.
For further information on using the auxiliary switches,
please refer to the Ram Body Builders Guide by accessing
www.rambodybuilder.com and choosing the appropriate
links.
POWER TAKE OFF OPERATION — IF EQUIPPED
(CHASSIS CAB ONLY)
This vehicle when equipped with PTO Prep and either the
AS69RC automatic six-speed or G-56 manual six-speed
transmissions, will allow for an aftermarket upfit with a
transmission driven PTO (power take off). The customer
will have the ability to operate the PTO in either a
“stationary” or “mobile” mode. The vehicles will be factory
set to the “stationary” mode. To select ’mobile mode’ You
will need to enter the commercial vehicle menu on the
instrument cluster display and select mobile PTO mode.
Details of the PTO selection modes and further PTO
information is available at the Ram Truck Bodybuilders
web site. rambodybuilder.com
AS69RC Six-Speed Automatic Transmission Only
The PTO drive gear (part of the AS69RC) operates at torque
converter turbine speed. The turbine speed will be less
than engine speed when the torque converter clutch is not
engaged and will be same as engine speed when the torque
converter clutch is engaged.
Stationary Mode
To operate the PTO in this mode the vehicle must meet the
following conditions:
• Transmission in PARK position (vehicles equipped with
automatic transmission.)
• PTO switch has been activated.
• Parking brake applied (vehicles equipped with manual
transmission).
• Brake pedal must not be applied.
• Vehicle engine must be running.
• No vehicle, brake or clutch switch faults present.
STARTING AND OPERATING 155
• PTO must be correctly installed using the vehicle provided circuits.
The instrument cluster will display a ⬙PTO On⬙ message for
five seconds if the above conditions are met. Otherwise, the
instrument cluster will display a message ⬙To Operate PTO
Shift To Park⬙ indicating what operator action should be
taken to engage the PTO mode.
The customer has the choice to operate the PTO by utilizing
the cruise control switches or by utilizing a remote control
(provided by the PTO supplier). To operate the feature
using the cruise control switches, the customer must first
activate the PTO switch which will turn on the PTO. In
order to increase or decrease the engine idle speed, to
optimize the PTO function, the “RESUME/ACCEL” and
“DECEL” cruise switches can be used respectively. To
disengage PTO operation and return to “standard vehicle
operation” simply toggle the PTO switch to the OFF
position.
The torque converter clutch (TCC) will automatically engage at engine speeds above 1,200 RPM (engine speed) in
PTO stationary mode. Once engaged, the TCC will remain
applied and will not disengage until the engine speed falls
below 1,000 RPM. TCC engagement is desirable for certain
types of PTO applications (Automatic Transmission Only).
To operate the PTO via a remote switch, the customer must
make sure the above conditions are met. It is vital for
proper operation that the PTO and remote have been
installed correctly, paying special attention to ensure the
vehicle provided wiring has been connected properly. This
is the responsibility of the installer of the PTO and
switches/remote system. It is the responsibility of the PTO
manufacturer to ensure that their electrical (switches and
remote) system is compatible with the vehicle’s electrical
architecture and software functionality.
NOTE: Single set speed can be programmed via the PTO
menu on the instrument cluster display. Further details are
available at the Ram Truck Bodybuilders web site located
at rambodybuilder.com
Mobile Mode
To operate the PTO in this mode the vehicle must meet the
following conditions:
• Mobile mode is activated via the menu on the instrument cluster display.
• (ON/OFF) switch has been activated.
• Vehicles with automatic transmission must be in PARK
or DRIVE.
5
156 STARTING AND OPERATING
• Parking brake must not be applied.
ENGINE RUNAWAY
• Brake pedal must not be applied.
Diesel engine runaway is a rare condition affecting diesel
engines, where the engine consumes its own lubrication oil
and runs at higher and higher RPM until it overspeeds to
a point where it destroys itself due to either mechanical
failure or engine seizure through lack of lubrication.
• No vehicle, brake or clutch switch faults present.
• Vehicle engine must be running.
• PTO must be correctly installed using the vehicle provided circuits.
The customer may choose to use the PTO while the vehicle
is moving. To do so, the PTO function must be activated
prior to taking the vehicle out of PARK. This is accomplished by activating the upfitter-provided PTO on/off
switch. At this point, the customer may place the vehicle in
a forward or reverse gear and have PTO operation once the
vehicle begins to move. To disengage PTO operation and
return to “standard vehicle operation” simply toggle the
on/off switch to the OFF position.
NOTE: For application specific information with respect
to PTO and pump requirements and additional vehicle
information (wiring schematics, preset idle values, engine
speed limits, and vehicle hardware and software requirements) please refer to the Body Builders Guide by accessing rambodybuilder.com and choosing the appropriate
links.
WARNING!
In case of engine runaway due to flammable fumes
from fuel spills or turbocharger oil leaks being sucked
into the engine, do the following to help avoid personal injury and/or vehicle damage:
1. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
2. Using a CO2 or dry chemical type fire extinguisher,
direct the spray from the fire extinguisher into the
grille on the passenger side so that the spray enters the
engine air intake.
The inlet for the engine air intake is located behind the
passenger side headlamp and receives air through the
grille.
STARTING AND OPERATING 157
FUEL REQUIREMENTS
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in
your vehicle. Federal law requires that you must fuel this
vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (15
ppm Sulfur maximum) and prohibits the use of Low Sulfur
Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum) to avoid
damage to the emissions control system.
For most year-round service, No. 2 diesel fuel meeting
ASTM (formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials) specification D-975 Grade S15 will
provide good performance. If the vehicle is exposed to
extreme cold (below 20°F or -7°C), or is required to operate
at colder-than-normal conditions for prolonged periods,
use climatized No. 2 diesel fuel or dilute the No. 2 diesel
fuel with 50% No. 1 diesel fuel. This will provide better
protection from fuel gelling or wax-plugging of the fuel
filters.
WARNING!
Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending agent.
They can be unstable under certain conditions and
hazardous or explosive when mixed with diesel fuel.
Diesel fuel is seldom completely free of water. To prevent
fuel system trouble, drain the accumulated water from the
fuel/water separator using the fuel/water separator drain
provided on both fuel filters. If you buy good quality fuel
and follow the cold weather advice above, fuel conditioners should not be required in your vehicle. If available in
your area, a high cetane “premium” diesel fuel may offer
improved cold-starting and warm-up performance.
CAUTION!
If the “Water in Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START engine before you drain the water from
the fuel filter(s) to avoid engine damage. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures/Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further
information.
Fuel Specifications
The Cummins diesel engine has been developed to take
advantage of the high energy content and generally lower
cost No. 2 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel or No. 2 Ultra Low
Sulfur climatized diesel fuels. Experience has shown that it
also operates on No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuels or
other fuels within specification.
5
158 STARTING AND OPERATING
NOTE:
Bio-Diesel Fuel Requirements
• If you accidentally fill the fuel tank with gasoline on
your diesel vehicle, Do not start the vehicle. If you
restart your vehicle you risk damaging the engine and
fuel system. Please call your local dealer for service.
Chassis Cab Models
• A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM
specification D-975 may be used with your Cummins
diesel engine. (Chassis Cab models not configured with
B20 capability.)
• A maximum blend of 20% biodiesel meeting ASTM
specification D-7467 may be used with your Cummins
diesel engine. (Pickup models and Chassis Cab models
configured with B20 Capability.)
• In addition, commercially available fuel additives are
not necessary for the proper operation of your Cummins
diesel engine. However, if seasonably adjusted fuel is
not available and you are operating below 20°F (-6°C),
MOPAR Premium Diesel Fuel Treatment (or equivalent)
may be beneficial to avoid fuel gelling.
• No. 1 Ultra Low Sulfur diesel fuel should only be used
where extended arctic conditions (-10°F or -23°C) exist.
A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM specification D975 may be used with your Cummins diesel
engine. If operation with biodiesel blends greater than 5%
but not greater than 20% (B6-B20) is desired, the truck must
first be reconfigured by an authorized Ram dealer and the
provisions in the following section must be adhered to.
Pickup Models And Chassis Cab Models Ordered
With B20 Option
Your vehicle has been validated and approved for the use
of biodiesel in blends up to 20% (B20) provided that you
comply with the requirements outlined below. It is important that you understand and comply with these requirements. Failure to comply with Oil Change requirements for
vehicles operating on biodiesel blends up to B20 will result
in premature engine wear. Such wear is not covered by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Biodiesel is a fuel produced from renewable resources
typically derived from animal fat, rapeseed oil (Rapeseed
Methyl Ester (RME) base), or soybean oil (Soy Methyl Ester
(SME or SOME) base). Biodiesel fuel has inherent limitations which require that you understand and adhere to the
STARTING AND OPERATING 159
following requirements if you use blends of biodiesel
greater then 5% but not greater than 20% (B6-B20). There
are no unique restrictions for the use of B5. Use of blends
greater than 20% is not approved. Use of blends greater
than 20% can result in engine damage. Such damage is not
covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Fuel Quality — Must Comply With ASTM
Standards
The quality of biodiesel fuel may vary widely. Only fuel
produced by a BQ9000 supplier to the following specifications may be blended to meet biodiesel blend (B6–B20) fuel
meeting ASTM specification D-7467:
• Pretrodiesel fuel meeting ASTM specification D-975 and
biodiesel fuel (B100) meeting ASTM specification
D-6751.
Fuel Oxidation Stability — Must Use Fuel Within
Six Months Of Manufacture
Biodiesel fuel has poor oxidation stability which can result
in long term storage problems. Fuel produced to approved
ASTM standards, if stored properly, provides for protection against fuel oxidation for up to six months.
Fuel Water Separation — Must Use MOPAR/
Cummins Approved Fuel Filter Elements
You must use MOPAR/Cummins approved fuel filter
elements in both your engine mounted filter and frame
mounted filter.
Biodiesel fuel has a natural affinity to water and water
accelerates microbial growth. Your MOPAR/Cummins filtration system is designed to provide adequate fuel water
separation capabilities.
Bio-Diesel Fuel Properties — Low Ambient
Temperatures
Biodiesel fuel may gel or solidify at low ambient temperatures, which may pose problems for both storage and operation. Precautions can be necessary at low ambient temperatures, such as storing the fuel in a heated building or a heated
storage tank, or using cold temperature additives.
Fuel In Oil Dilution — Must Adhere To Required
Oil Change Interval
Fuel dilution of lubricating oil has been observed with the
use of biodiesel fuel. Fuel in oil must not exceed 5%. To
ensure this limit is met your oil change interval must be
maintained to the following schedule:
5
160 STARTING AND OPERATING
• Ram PickUp 2500/3500 Only — 15,000 Miles*
• Ram 3500/4500/5500 Chassis Cab — 12,500 Miles*
(*unless otherwise notified with a oil service message)
CAUTION!
• Under no circumstances should oil change intervals
exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) pickup or 12,500 miles
(20 000 km) chassis cab if operation occurs with greater
than 5% biodiesel blends. Oil change intervals should
not exceed 6 months in either case. Failure to comply
with these Oil Change requirements for vehicles operating on biodiesel blends up to B20 may result in
premature engine wear. Such wear is not covered by
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
• B20 Biodiesel capable: The engine may suffer severe
damage if operated with concentrations of Biodiesel
higher than 20%.
ADDING FUEL — 2500/3500 DIESEL MODELS
1. Open the fuel filler door.
Diesel Fuel And Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
1 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
2 — Diesel Fuel Fill Location
NOTE: There is no fuel filler cap. A flapper door inside the
filler pipe seals the system.
2. Insert the fuel nozzle fully into the filler pipe – the nozzle
opens and holds the flapper door while refueling.
3. Fill the vehicle with fuel – when the fuel nozzle “clicks”
or shuts off the fuel tank is full.
4. Remove the fuel nozzle and close the fuel door.
STARTING AND OPERATING 161
Emergency Fuel Can Refueling
Most fuel cans will not open the flapper door.
A funnel is provided to open the flapper door to allow
emergency refueling with a fuel can.
5
Fuel Fill Funnel Location 2500/3500 Models
2. Insert funnel into same filler pipe opening as the fuel
nozzle.
Diesel Fuel And DEF Fluid Filler Door
1. Retrieve fuel funnel from the jack kit located under the
front passenger seat.
162 STARTING AND OPERATING
WARNING!
Emergency Fuel Fill Location
NOTE: Ensure funnel is inserted fully to hold flapper door
open.
• Never have any smoking materials lit in or near the
vehicle when the fuel door is open or the tank is
being filled.
• Never add fuel when the engine is running. This is
in violation of most state and federal fire regulations
and may cause the “Malfunction Indicator Light” to
turn on.
• A fire may result if fuel is pumped into a portable
container that is inside of a vehicle. You could be
burned. Always place fuel containers on the ground
while filling.
ADDING FUEL — CHASSIS CAB MODELS
3. Pour fuel into funnel opening.
4. Remove funnel from filler pipe, clean off prior to putting
back in the jack kit.
CAUTION!
To avoid fuel spillage and overfilling, do not “top off”
the fuel tank after filling.
CAUTION!
To avoid fuel spillage and overfilling, do not “top off”
the fuel tank after filling.
NOTE:
• When the fuel nozzle “clicks” or shuts off, the fuel tank
is full.
STARTING AND OPERATING 163
• Tighten the fuel filler cap until you hear a “clicking”
sound. This is an indication that the fuel filler cap is
properly tightened.
• Make sure that the fuel filler cap is tightened each time
the vehicle is refueled.
WARNING!
A fire may result if fuel is pumped into a portable
container that is on a truck bed. You could be burned.
Always place fuel containers on the ground while
filling.
Fuel Filler Cap
If the fuel filler cap is lost or damaged, be sure the
replacement cap is for use with this vehicle.
CAUTION!
Damage to the fuel system or emission control system
could result from using an improper fuel tank filler
tube cap. A poorly fitting cap could let impurities into
the fuel system.
WARNING!
• Never have any smoking materials lit in or near the
vehicle when the fuel filler cap is removed or the
tank filled.
• Never add fuel to the vehicle when the engine is
running.
Avoid Using Contaminated Fuel
Fuel that is contaminated by water or dirt can cause severe
damage to the engine fuel system. Proper maintenance of
the engine fuel filter and fuel tank is essential. Refer to
“Maintenance Procedures” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle”
for further information.
Bulk Fuel Storage — Diesel Fuel
If you store quantities of fuel, good maintenance of the
stored fuel is also essential. Fuel contaminated with water
will promote the growth of “microbes.” These microbes
form “slime” that will clog the fuel filtration system and
lines. Drain condensation from the supply tank and change
the line filter on a regular basis.
NOTE: When a diesel engine is allowed to run out of fuel,
air is pulled into the fuel system.
5
164 STARTING AND OPERATING
If the vehicle will not start, refer to “Maintenance
Procedures/Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel”
in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
WARNING!
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
injury or death.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Storage
Copper, brass, aluminum, iron or non-stainless steel
should be avoided as they are subject to corrosion by
DEF.
• If DEF is spilled, it should be wiped up completely.
Adding Diesel Exhaust Fluid
The DEF gauge (located on the instrument cluster) will
display the level of DEF remaining in the tank. Refer to
“Instrument Cluster” and “Instrument Cluster Descriptions” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is considered a very stable
product with a long shelf life. If DEF is kept in temperatures between 10° and 90°F (-12° and 32°C), it will last a
minimum of one year.
NOTE:
DEF is subject to freezing at the lowest temperatures.
For example, DEF may freeze at temperatures at or below
12° F (-11° C). The system has been designed to operate in
this environment.
• Another factor is that outside temperature can affect
DEF consumption. In cold conditions, 12° F (-11° C) and
below, the DEF gauge needle can stay on a fixed position
and may not move for extended periods of time. This is
a normal function of the system.
NOTE: When working with DEF, it is important to know
that:
• Any containers or parts that come into contact with DEF
must be DEF compatible (plastic or stainless steel).
• Driving conditions (altitude, vehicle speed, load, etc.)
will effect the amount of DEF that is used in your
vehicle.
STARTING AND OPERATING 165
• There is an electric heater inside the DEF tank that
automatically works when necessary. And if the DEF
supply does freeze, the truck will operate normally until
it thaws.
DEF Fill Procedure
NOTE: Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for the correct fluid type.
1. Remove cap from DEF tank (located on drivers side of
the vehicle or in fuel door).
5
DEF Filler Cap And Fuel Fill 1500/2500/3500 Models
1 — Diesel Exhaust Fluid Fill Location
2 — Diesel Fuel Fill Location
2. Insert DEF fill adapter/nozzle into DEF tank filler neck.
DEF Filler Cap Chassis Cab Models
166 STARTING AND OPERATING
CAUTION! (Continued)
Filling The DEF Tank
CAUTION!
• To avoid DEF spillage, and possible damage to the
DEF tank from overfilling, do not “top off” the DEF
tank after filling.
• DO NOT OVERFILL. DEF will freeze below 12ºF
(-11ºC). The DEF system is designed to work in
temperatures below the DEF freezing point, however, if the tank is overfilled and freezes, the system
could be damaged.
(Continued)
• When DEF is spilled, clean the area immediately
with water and use an absorbent material to soak up
the spills on the ground.
• Do not attempt to start your engine if DEF is accidentally added to the diesel fuel tank as it can result
in severe damage to your engine, including but not
limited to failure of the fuel pump and injectors.
• Never add anything other than DEF to the tank –
especially any form of hydrocarbon such as diesel
fuel, fuel system additives, gasoline, or any other
petroleum-based product. Even a very small amount
of these, less than 100 parts per million or less than
1 oz. per 78 gallons (295 liters) will contaminate the
entire DEF system and will require replacement. If
owners use a container, funnel or nozzle when refilling the tank, it should either be new or one that is
has only been used for adding DEF. MOPAR provides an attachable nozzle with its DEF for this
purpose.
3. Stop filling the DEF tank immediately when any of the
following happen: DEF stops flowing from the fill bottle
into the DEF tank, DEF splashes out the filler neck, or a
DEF pump nozzle automatically shuts off.
STARTING AND OPERATING 167
4. Reinstall cap onto DEF tank.
Filling The Def Tank In Cold Climates
Since DEF will begin to freeze at 12°F (-11°C), your vehicle
is equipped with an automatic DEF heating system. This
allows the DEF injection system to operate properly at
temperatures below 12°F (-11°C). If your vehicle is not in
operation for an extended period of time with temperatures below 12°F (-11°C), the DEF in the tank may freeze. If
the tank is overfilled and freezes, it could be damaged.
Therefore, do not overfill the DEF tank.
The DEF tank on these vehicles is designed with a large
amount of full reserve. So the level sensor will indicate a
Full reading even before the tank is completely full. To put
it another way, there’s additional storage capacity in the
tank above the Full mark that’s not represented in the
gauge. You may not see any movement in the reading –
even after driving up to 2,000 miles in some cases.
The difference this makes varies by vehicle. Heavy-duty
pickup trucks have a 5.7-gallon (21.5 liter) tank that will
display a Full reading when about 90 percent full. This
means that drivers can consume at least 10 percent of a
truly full DEF tank without seeing any visible change in the
gauge reading. Chassis cabs have a larger 9-gallon (34 liter)
tank, and will display a Full reading when about 75 percent
full. So drivers can consume 25 percent of a truly full DEF
tank without seeing any visible change in the gauge
reading.
Extra care should be taken when filling with portable
containers to avoid overfilling. Note the level of the DEF
gauge in your instrument cluster. On pickup applications,
you may safely add a maximum of 2 gallons (7.5 liters) of
DEF from portable containers when your DEF gauge is
reading ½ full. On Chassis Cab applications a maximum of
2 gallons (7.5 liters) may be added when the DEF gauge is
reading ¾ full.
DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID
Your vehicle is equipped with a Selective Catalytic Reduction system to meet the very stringent diesel emissions
standards required by the Environmental Protection
Agency.
The purpose of the SCR system is to reduce levels of NOx
(oxides of nitrogen emitted from engines) that are harmful
to our health and the environment to a near-zero level.
Small quantities of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is injected
into the exhaust upstream of a catalyst where, when
vaporized, it converts smog-forming nitrogen oxides
(NOx) into harmless nitrogen (N2) and water vapor (H2O),
5
168 STARTING AND OPERATING
two natural components of the air we breathe. You can
operate with the comfort that your vehicle is contributing
to a cleaner, healthier world environment for this and
generations to come.
The DEF injection system and SCR catalyst enable the
achievement of diesel emissions requirements; while maintaining outstanding fuel economy, drivability, torque and
power ratings.
System Overview
Refer to ⬙Instrument Cluster Display” in “Understanding
Your Instrument Panel” for system messages and warnings.
This vehicle is equipped with a Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)
injection system and a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)
catalyst to meet the emission requirements.
The DEF injection system consists of the following components:
• DEF tank
• DEF pump
• DEF injector
• Electronically-heated DEF lines
• DEF control module
• NOx sensors
• Temperature sensors
• SCR catalyst
• UQS Sensor
NOTE:
• Your vehicle is equipped with a DEF injection system.
You may occasionally hear an audible clicking noise.
This is normal operation.
• The DEF pump will run for a period of time after engine
shutdown to purge the DEF system. This is normal
operation.
WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES
CONTENTS
䡵 JUMP STARTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170
▫ With Portable Starting Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172
6
170 WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES
indicator (if equipped) is light or yellow on either battery,
replace that battery.
JUMP STARTING
WARNING!
• To prevent personal injury or damage to clothing, do
not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin or
fabrics. Do not lean over a battery when connecting
jumper cables or allow cable clamps to touch each
other. Keep open flames or sparks away from battery
vent holes. Always wear eye protection when working with batteries.
• Do not use a booster battery or any other booster
source that has a greater than 12 Volt system, i.e., do
not use a 24 Volt power source.
NOTE: Replacement batteries should both be of equal size
to prevent damage to the vehicle’s charging system.
CAUTION!
Use the jump start procedure only when the charge
indicator (if equipped) in both batteries is dark in the
center. Do not attempt jump starting when either
battery charge indicator (if equipped) is light or yellow. If the charge indicator (if equipped) has a green
dot in the center, failure to start is not due to a
discharged battery and cranking system should be
checked.
1. Attach one jumper cable to the positive terminal of
booster battery and the other end of the same cable to
the positive terminal of the discharged battery.
Your vehicle is equipped with two 12 Volt batteries. If it
becomes necessary to use a booster battery with jumper
cables to start a vehicle’s engine because its batteries are
discharged, the following procedure should be used:
NOTE: Do not connect jumper cables to the fuses. Only
use the jump post when connecting jumper cables.
Set the parking brake and place an automatic transmission
in PARK (or NEUTRAL for a manual transmission).
Turn off lights, heater and other electrical loads. Observe
charge indicator (if equipped) in both batteries. If the
Do not permit vehicles to touch each other as this could
establish a ground connection and personal injury
could result.
WARNING!
WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES 171
• The negative connection must provide good electrical
conductivity and current carrying capacity.
WARNING!
Positive Jumping Location
2. Connect one end of the other jumper cable to negative
(-) post of booster battery. Connect the other end of the
jumper cable to a good ground on the engine block of
the vehicle with the discharged battery. Make sure a
good connection is made, free of dirt and grease.
NOTE:
• Take care that the clamps from one cable do not inadvertently touch clamps from the other cable.
• Do not lean over the battery when making connection.
• Do not connect the cable to the negative post of the
discharge battery. The resulting electrical spark
could cause the battery to explode.
• During cold weather when temperatures are below
freezing point, electrolyte in a discharged battery
may freeze. Do not attempt jump starting because the
battery could rupture or explode. The battery temperature must be brought up above freezing point
before attempting to jump start.
3. After the engine is started or if the engine fails to start,
cables must be disconnected in the following order:
• Disconnect the negative cable at the engine ground.
• Disconnect the negative cable at the negative post on
booster battery.
• Disconnect the cable from the positive post of both
batteries.
6
172 WHAT TO DO IN EMERGENCIES
WARNING!
Any procedure other than above could result in:
• Personal injury caused by electrolyte squirting out
the battery vent.
• Personal injury or property damage due to battery
explosion.
• Damage to charging system of booster vehicle or of
immobilized vehicle.
With Portable Starting Unit
There are many types of these units available. Follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for necessary precautions and
operation.
CAUTION!
It is very important that the starting unit operating
voltage does not exceed 12 Volts DC or damage to
battery, starter motor, alternator, or electrical system
may occur.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CONTENTS
䡵 ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL —
SIX-SPEED 68RFE (2500/3500 Models) . . . . . . . . .174
䡵 ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL —
SIX-SPEED AS69RC HD (3500/CHASSIS CAB
MODELS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
▫ Maintenance-Free Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .190
▫ Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
▫ Charge Air Cooler — Inter-Cooler . . . . . . . . . . .195
▫ Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
䡵 MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
▫ Clutch Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196
▫ Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
▫ Transfer Case — If Equipped . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
▫ Engine Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .180
▫ Manual Transmission — If Equipped . . . . . . . . .197
▫ Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter . . . . . . . .184
▫ Automatic Transmission — If Equipped . . . . . . .197
▫ Engine Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement . . . . . .185
▫ Noise Control System Required Maintenance &
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200
▫ Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement . . .186
▫ Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel . . .188
▫ Intervention Regeneration Strategy — Message
Process Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .189
▫ Diesel Exhaust Fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .190
䡵 FLUID CAPACITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
䡵 FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE PARTS . .205
▫ Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
▫ Chassis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .207
7
174 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL — SIX-SPEED 68RFE (2500/3500 Models)
1
2
3
4
5
6
— Battery
— Engine Coolant Reservoir
— Automatic Transmission Dipstick
— Brake Fluid Reservoir
— Battery
— Aux Power Distribution Center
7 — Washer Fluid Reservoir
8 — Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
9 — Power Distribution Center
10 — Engine Oil Dipstick
11 — Engine Oil Fill
12 — Air Cleaner Filter
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 175
ENGINE COMPARTMENT — 6.7L DIESEL — SIX-SPEED AS69RC HD (3500/CHASSIS CAB MODELS)
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
— Battery
— Engine Coolant Reservoir
— Automatic Transmission Dipstick
— Brake Fluid Reservoir
— Battery
— Aux Power Distribution Center
7 — Washer Fluid Reservoir
8 — Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
9 — Power Distribution Center
10 — Engine Oil Dipstick
11 — Engine Oil Fill
12 — Air Cleaner Filter
176 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
CAUTION! (Continued)
The pages that follow contain the required maintenance
services determined by the engineers who designed your
vehicle.
Besides those maintenance items specified in the fixed
maintenance schedule, there are other components which
may require servicing or replacement in the future.
CAUTION!
• Failure to properly maintain your vehicle or perform
repairs and service when necessary could result in
more costly repairs, damage to other components or
negatively impact vehicle performance. Immediately
have potential malfunctions examined by an authorized dealership or qualified repair center.
(Continued)
• Your vehicle has been built with improved fluids
that protect the performance and durability of your
vehicle and also allow extended maintenance intervals. Do not use chemical flushes in these components as the chemicals can damage your engine,
transmission, power steering or air conditioning.
Such damage is not covered by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. If a flush is needed because of
component malfunction, use only the specified fluid
for the flushing procedure.
Engine Oil
Checking Oil Level
To assure proper lubrication of your vehicle’s engine, the
engine oil must be maintained at the correct level. Check
the oil level at regular intervals. The best time to check the
oil level is before starting the engine after it has been
parked overnight. When checking oil after operating the
engine, first ensure the engine is at full operating temperature, then wait for 30 minutes after engine shutdown to
check the oil.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 177
CAUTION!
Overfilling or underfilling the crankcase will cause oil
aeration or loss of oil pressure. This could damage your
engine.
Never operate the engine with oil level below the “ADD”
mark or above the upper “SAFE” mark.
Change Engine Oil
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper maintenance intervals.
Engine Oil Dipstick
1 — ADD Range
2 — Full Mark
3 — SAFE Range
Checking the oil while the vehicle is on level ground will
improve the accuracy of the oil level readings. Add oil only
when the level on the dipstick is below the “ADD” mark.
The total capacity from the ADD mark to the Full mark is
2 qts (1.9L).
Engine Oil Selection
For best performance and maximum protection under all
types of operating conditions, the manufacturer only recommends engine oils that are API CJ-4 certified and meet
the requirements of FCA LLC. Use MOPAR or an equivalent oil meeting FCA Material Standard MS-10902. Products meeting Cummins CES 20081 may also be used. The
identification of these engine oils are typically located on
the back of the oil container.
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178 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
American Petroleum Institute (API) Engine Oil
Identification Symbol
This symbol means that the oil has been
certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API). The manufacturer only recommends API Certified engine oils.
Oils with a high ash content may produce damaging
deposits on cylinder head valves and/or aftertreatment
system damage. A maximum sulfated ash content of 1.00
mass % is recommended for all oil used in the engine.
The same oil change interval is to be followed for synthetic
oil as for petroleum based oil. Also, synthetic oil must meet
the same performance specifications as petroleum oil.
CAUTION!
Do not use chemical flushes in your engine oil as the
chemicals can damage your engine. Such damage is not
covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Engine Oil Viscosity (SAE Grade)
In ambient temperatures above 0°F (-18°C), we recommend
you use SAE 15W-40 engine oil such as MOPAR, Shell
Rotella and Shell Rimula that meets FCA Material Standard
MS-10902 and the API CJ-4 engine oil category is required.
Products meeting Cummins CES 20081 may also be used.
The identification of these engine oils is typically located
on the back of the oil container.
In ambient temperatures below 0°F (-18°C), SAE 5W-40 we
recommend you use synthetic engine oil such as MOPAR,
Shell Rotella and Shell Rimula that meets FCA Material
Standard MS-10902 and the API CJ-4 engine oil category is
required.
CAUTION!
Failure to use SAE 5W-40 synthetic engine oil in
ambient temperatures below 0°F (-18°C) could result in
severe engine damage.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 179
Materials Added To Engine Oil
The manufacturer strongly recommends against the addition of any additives (other than leak detection dyes) to the
engine oil. Engine oil is an engineered product and its
performance may be impaired by supplemental additives.
Engine Oil Filter
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, And Genuine Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information. The engine
oil filter should be changed at every engine oil change.
Disposing Of Used Engine Oil And Oil Filters
Engine oil not designated by the FCA or Cummins Material
Standards and API CJ-4 should not be used, as engine and
exhaust system durability may be compromised. The engine oil filler cap also shows the recommended engine oil
viscosity for your engine. For information on engine oil
filler cap location, refer to “Engine Compartment” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
Synthetic Engine Oils
You may use synthetic engine oils if the recommended oil
quality requirements are met and the recommended maintenance intervals for oil and filter changes are followed.
Care should be taken in disposing of used engine oil and
oil filters from your vehicle. Used oil and oil filters,
indiscriminately discarded, can present a problem to the
environment. Contact your authorized dealer, service station or governmental agency for advice on how and where
used oil and oil filters can be safely discarded in your area.
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180 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Engine Air Cleaner Filter
CAUTION!
All air entering the engine intake must be filtered. The
abrasive particles in unfiltered air will cause rapid
wear to engine components.
WARNING!
The air induction system (air cleaner, hoses, etc.) provides a measure of protection. Do not remove the air
induction system (air cleaner, hoses, etc.) unless such
removal is necessary for repair or maintenance. Make
sure that no one is near the engine compartment before
starting the vehicle with the air induction system (air
cleaner, hoses, etc.) removed. Failure to do so can result
in serious personal injury.
The condition of the air cleaner filter is monitored by the
Engine Control Module. The “SERVICE AIR FILTER”
message will display in the instrument cluster when service is required. Refer to “Instrument Cluster Display” in
“Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
The “SERVICE AIR FILTER” message could be displayed
periodically. This is because engine air flow requirements
change based on driving conditions. As the filter becomes
more restrictive and air flow requirements increase the
“SERVICE AIR FILTER” message will be displayed. The
message may not be displayed in subsequent drive cycles
if the same conditions are not met. The air filter element
should be replaced within 250 miles (402 km) from the first
time this message is displayed to ensure proper engine
operation during all driving conditions.
CAUTION!
Driving with a restricted air filter can cause engine
damage. Driving in dusty environments for extended
periods will lead to rapid air filter plugging. Action
should be taken as soon as the “SERVICE AIR FILTER” message is displayed.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 181
If the vehicle experiences a sudden loss of engine power
while being driven in heavy snow or rain, or when
plowing snow, and/or the “SERVICE AIR FILTER” message is displayed on the instrument cluster along with a
chime that repeats every 60 seconds, visually inspect the air
filter for snow/ice build up or extreme water saturation. If
the air filter is not damaged, remove all snow/ice and
reinstall air filter. If the air filter is damaged, replace filter
element.
NOTE: The air filter housing contains a Mass Air Flow
sensor. This sensor is critical to proper engine operation
and component longevity. Any damage or modification to
this sensor could result in major engine and/or exhaust
aftertreatment damage. We recommend you use MOPAR
brand parts.
Even though your vehicle is equipped with an Air Filter
Monitor, a visual inspection of the air cleaner filter element is
recommended every 15,000 miles (24,000km) or 12 months –
whichever occurs first. Under no circumstances should the
air cleaner filter element exceed 30,000 miles (48,000 km) or
24 months, whichever comes first.
CAUTION!
Many aftermarket performance air filter elements do
not adequately filter the air entering the engine. Use of
such filters can severely damage your engine.
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Selection
The quality of replacement engine air cleaner filters varies
considerably. Only high quality filters should be used to
assure most efficient service. MOPAR engine air cleaner
filters are a high quality filter and are recommended.
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182 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Inspection and
Replacement
Inspect engine air cleaner filter for dirt and or debris, if you
find evidence of either dirt or debris you should change
your air cleaner filter.
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Removal
1. Remove the screws from the air cleaner cover.
Air Cleaner Filter Cover
1 — Clean Air Hose Clamp
2 — Air Cleaner Filter Cover
3 — Screws
2. Lift the air cleaner cover to access the air cleaner filter.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 183
Open Air Cleaner Filter Assembly
Air Cleaner Filter
1 — Air Cleaner Cover
2 — Air Cleaner Filter
1 — Air Cleaner Filter
2 — Air Cleaner Filter Inspection Surface
3. Remove the air cleaner filter element from the housing
assembly.
Engine Air Cleaner Filter Installation
NOTE: Inspect and clean the housing if dirt or debris is
present before replacing the air filter element.
1. Install the air cleaner filter element into the housing
assembly with the air cleaner filter inspection surface
facing downward.
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184 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
2. Install the air cleaner cover onto the housing assembly
locating tabs.
point you should stop the engine and drain the water from
both of the filters.
3. Install screws to secure the air cleaner cover to the
housing assembly.
CAUTION!
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter
There are two fuel filter assemblies. One is located on the
driver’s side of the engine. The best access to this water
drain valve is from under the hood. The second one is on
the under body, located in front of the rear axle above the
drive shaft on pick-up models. The Chassis Cab models
second filter location is on the frame behind the front axle.
The best access to this water drain valve is from under the
vehicle.
CAUTION!
• Do not drain the fuel/water separator filter when the
engine is running.
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filter into an appropriate container.
If water is detected in the water separator while the engine
is running, or while the ignition switch is in the ON
position, the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will illuminate and an audible chime will be heard five times. At this
If the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” remains on, DO
NOT START the engine before you drain water from
the fuel filters to avoid engine damage.
If the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” comes on and a single
chime is heard while you are driving, or with the ignition
switch in the ON position, there may be a problem with
your water separator wiring or sensor. See your authorized
dealer for service.
Upon proper draining of the water from both fuel filters,
the “Water In Fuel Indicator Light” will remain illuminated
for approximately 10 seconds. If the water was drained
while the engine was running, the “Water In Fuel Indicator
Light” may remain on for approximately three minutes.
NOTE: Care should be taken in disposing of used fluids
from your vehicle. Used fluids, indiscriminately discarded,
can present a problem to the environment. Contact an
authorized dealer, service station, or government agency
for advice on recycling programs and for where used fluids
and filters can be properly disposed of in your area.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 185
Drain the fuel/water separator filters when the “Water In
Fuel Indicator Light” is ON. Within 10 minutes of vehicle
shutdown, turn the engine mounted filter drain valve
(located on the side of the filter assembly) counterclockwise 1/4 turn, and turn the under body mounted filter
drain valve (located on the bottom of the filter assembly)
counterclock wise 1 full turn. Then turn the ignition switch
to the ON position, and allow any accumulated water to
drain. Leave the drain valve open until all water and
contaminants have been removed. When clean fuel is
visible, close the drain valves by turning them fully clockwise, and turn the ignition switch to OFF.
1. No filter is installed.
2. Inferior/Non-approved filter is used. Use of OEM filter
is required to ensure vehicle will run.
If more than a couple ounces/milliliters of fuel have been
drained, follow the directions for “Priming If The Engine
Has Run Out Of Fuel.”
7
Engine Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement
NOTE:
• Using a fuel filter that does not meet the manufacturer’s
filtration and water separating requirements can severely impact fuel system life and reliability.
• The engine mounted filter housing is equipped with a
No-Filter-No-Run (NFNR) feature. Engine will not run if:
Engine Mounted Fuel Filter Assembly
1 — Drain Valve
186 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
CAUTION!
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filter into an appropriate container.
• Do not prefill the fuel filter when installing a new
fuel filter. There is a possibility debris could be
introduced into the fuel filter during this action. It is
best to install the filter dry and allow the in-tank lift
pump to prime the fuel system.
1. Ensure engine is turned off.
8. Install new o-ring back into ring groove on the filter
housing and lubricate with clean engine oil.
9. Remove new filter cartridge from plastic bag and install
into housing.
NOTE: Do not remove cartridge from bag until you reach
this step in order to keep cartridge clean.
10. Push down on the cartridge to ensure it is properly
seated. Do not pre-fill the filter housing with fuel.
2. Place drain pan under the fuel filter drain hose.
11. Install lid onto housing and tighten to 22.5 ft lbs
(30.5 N.m). Do not overtighten the lid.
3. Open the water drain valve 1/4 turn counterclockwise
and completely drain fuel and water into the approved
container.
12. Prime the engine using the procedure in “Priming If
The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel.” Then start the
engine and confirm there are no leaks.
4. Close the water drain valve.
Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Replacement
5. Remove lid using a socket or strap wrench. Rotate
counterclockwise for removal. Remove used o-ring and
discard it.
NOTE:
6. Remove the used filter cartridge from the housing and
dispose of according to your local regulations.
7. Wipe clean the sealing surfaces of the lid and housing.
• Using a fuel filter that does not meet the manufacturer’s
filtration and water separating requirements can severely impact fuel system life and reliability.
• The underbody mounted filter housing will cause the
engine not to run if:
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 187
1. No filter is installed.
CAUTION! (Continued)
• Do not prefill the fuel filter when installing a new
fuel filter. There is a possibility debris could be
introduced into the fuel filter during this action. It is
best to install the filter dry and allow the in-tank lift
pump to prime the fuel system.
1. Ensure engine is turned off.
2. Place drain pan under the fuel filter drain hose.
3. Open the water drain valve 1 full turn counterclockwise
and completely drain fuel and water into the approved
container.
Underbody Mounted Fuel Filter Assembly
1 — Drain Valve
4. Close the water drain valve.
5. Remove lid using a socket or strap wrench. Rotate
counterclockwise for removal. Remove used o-ring and
discard it.
2 — WIF Sensor
CAUTION!
• Diesel fuel will damage blacktop paving surfaces.
Drain the filter into an appropriate container.
(Continued)
6. Remove the used filter cartridge from the housing and
dispose of according to your local regulations.
7. Wipe clean the sealing surfaces of the lid and housing.
8. Install new o-ring back into ring groove on the filter
housing and lubricate with clean engine oil.
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188 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
NOTE: WIF sensor is re-usable. Service kit comes with new
o-ring for filter canister and WIF sensor.
Priming If The Engine Has Run Out Of Fuel
WARNING!
Do not open the high pressure fuel system with the
engine running. Engine operation causes high fuel
pressure. High pressure fuel spray can cause serious
injury or death.
CAUTION!
Do not engage the starter motor for more than 15
seconds at a time. Allow two minutes between the
cranking intervals.
NOTE: The engine may run rough until the air is forced
from all the fuel lines.
WARNING!
1. Add a substantial amount of fuel to the tank, approximately 2 to 5 gal (8L to 19L).
Do not use alcohol or gasoline as a fuel blending agent.
They can be unstable under certain conditions and be
hazardous or explosive when mixed with diesel fuel.
2. Turn ignition switch to the start position to engage
starter for one second, return ignition switch to run
position. This will activate in tank fuel pump for approximately 15 seconds. Repeat this process twice.
CAUTION!
3. Start the engine using the “Normal Starting” procedure.
Refer to “Starting Procedures” in “Starting and Operating” for further information.
Due to lack of lubricants in alcohol or gasoline, the use
of these fuels can cause damage to the fuel system.
NOTE:
• A maximum blend of 5% biodiesel, meeting ASTM
specification D-975 may be used with your Cummins
diesel engine. (Chassis Cab models not configured with
B20 capability.)
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 189
• A maximum blend of 20% biodiesel, meeting ASTM
specification D-7467 may be used with your Cummins
diesel engine. (Pickup models and Chassis Cab models
configured with B20 capability.)
• Use of biodiesel mixture in excess of 20% can negatively
impact the fuel filter’s ability to separate water from the
fuel, resulting in high pressure fuel system corrosion or
damage.
• Ethanol blends are not recommended or approved for
use with your Cummins diesel engine.
• In addition, commercially available fuel additives are
not necessary for the proper operation of your Cummins
diesel engine.
Intervention Regeneration Strategy — Message
Process Flow
The Cummins diesel engine meets all EPA Heavy Duty
Diesel Engine Emissions Standards, resulting in one of the
lowest emitting diesel engines ever produced.
To achieve these emissions standards, your vehicle is
equipped with a state-of-the-art engine and exhaust system. The engine and exhaust after-treatment system work
together to achieve the EPA Heavy Duty Diesel Engine
Emissions Standards. These systems are seamlessly integrated into your vehicle and managed by the Cummins
Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The PCM manages
engine combustion to allow the exhaust system’s catalyst
to trap and burn Particulate Matter (PM) pollutants, with
no input or interaction on your part.
If the engine is allowed to idle or the truck is driven on low
engine speed drive cycles for more than 2 hours, the
system will automatically enter an emissions operating
mode that will increase the engine idle speed to 900 RPM
(1050 RPM for Chassis Cab). While in this mode, which is
designed to help maintain the diesel particulate filter, the
engine idle speed will return to normal when the brake
pedal is applied. A small change in engine tone or a slight
change in engine performance while accelerating may also
be noticeable at speeds below 20 mph (32 kmh). This
operating mode may last for up to an hour of idle time, or
around 20 minutes of driving time.
Additionally, your vehicle has the ability to alert you to
additional maintenance required on your truck or engine.
Refer to “Instrument Cluster Display” in “Understanding
Your Instrument Panel” for further information.
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190 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
WARNING!
A hot exhaust system can start a fire if you park over
materials that can burn. Such materials might be grass
or leaves coming into contact with your exhaust system. Do not park or operate your vehicle in areas where
your exhaust system can contact anything that can
burn.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) sometimes known simply by
the name of its active component, UREA—is a key component of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems, which
help diesel vehicles meet stringent emission regulations.
DEF is a liquid reducing agent that reacts with engine
exhaust in the presence of a catalyst to convert smogforming nitrogen oxides (NOx) into harmless nitrogen and
water vapor.
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
You can receive assistance in locating DEF in the United
States by calling 866-RAM-INFO (866-726-4636). In Canada
call 1–800–465–2001 (English) or 1–800–387–9983 (French)
Maintenance-Free Batteries
The top of the maintenance-free batteries are permanently
sealed. You will never have to add water, nor is periodic
maintenance required.
NOTE: Replacement batteries should both be of equal
capacity to prevent damage to the vehicle’s charging
system.
CAUTION!
It is essential when replacing the cables on the battery
that the positive cable is attached to the positive post
and the negative cable is attached to the negative post.
Battery posts are marked (+) positive and negative (-)
and are identified on the battery case. Also, if a “fast
charger” is used while the battery is in vehicle, disconnect both vehicle battery cables before connecting the
charger to the battery. Do not use a “fast charger” to
provide starting voltage.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 191
WARNING!
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Always wash hands
after handling the battery.
Battery Blanket Usage
A battery loses 60% of its cranking power as the battery
temperature decreases to 0°F (-18°). For the same decrease
in temperature, the engine requires twice as much power to
crank at the same RPM. The use of 120 Volt AC powered
battery blankets will greatly increase starting capability at
low temperatures. Suitable battery blankets are available
from your authorized MOPAR dealer.
Cooling System
WARNING!
You or others can be badly burned by hot engine
coolant (antifreeze) or steam from your radiator. If you
see or hear steam coming from under the hood, do not
open the hood until the radiator has had time to cool.
Never try to open a cooling system pressure cap when
the radiator is hot.
Engine Coolant Checks
Check the engine coolant (antifreeze) protection every
12 months (before the onset of freezing weather, where
applicable). If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or
rusty in appearance, the system should be drained, flushed
and refilled with fresh coolant. Check the front of the A/C
condenser (if equipped) or radiator for any accumulation
of bugs, leaves, etc. If dirty, clean by gently spraying water
from a garden hose vertically down the face of the A/C
condenser (if equipped) or the back of the radiator core.
Check the engine cooling system hoses for brittle rubber,
cracking, tears, cuts and tightness of the connection at the
coolant recovery bottle and radiator. Inspect the entire
system for leaks.
With the engine at normal operating temperature (but not
running), check the cooling system pressure cap for proper
vacuum sealing by draining a small amount of engine
coolant (antifreeze) from the radiator drain cock. The
radiator drain cock is located in the lower radiator tank. If
the cap is sealing properly, the engine coolant (antifreeze)
will begin to drain from the coolant expansion bottle. DO
NOT REMOVE THE COOLANT PRESSURE CAP WHEN
THE COOLING SYSTEM IS HOT.
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192 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Cooling System — Drain Flush And Refill
If the engine coolant (antifreeze) is dirty or contains a
considerable amount of sediment, clean and flush with a
reliable cooling system cleaner. Follow with a thorough
rinsing to remove all deposits and chemicals. Properly
dispose of old engine coolant (antifreeze).
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper maintenance intervals.
Selection Of Coolant
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, And Genuine Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
CAUTION!
• Mixing of engine coolant (antifreeze) other than specified Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze), may result in engine damage and may
decrease corrosion protection. Organic Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant is different and should
not be mixed with Hybrid Organic Additive Technology (HOAT) engine coolant (antifreeze) or any “globally compatible” coolant (antifreeze). If a non-OAT
(Continued)
CAUTION! (Continued)
engine coolant (antifreeze) is introduced into the cooling system in an emergency, the cooling system will
need to be drained, flushed, and refilled with fresh
OAT coolant (conforming to MS.90032), by an authorized dealer as soon as possible.
• Do not use water alone or alcohol-based engine
coolant (antifreeze) products. Do not use additional
rust inhibitors or antirust products, as they may not
be compatible with the engine coolant and may plug
the radiator.
• This vehicle has not been designed for use with
propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze).
Use of propylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is not recommended.
Adding Coolant
Your vehicle has been built with an improved engine
coolant (OAT coolant conforming to MS.90032) that allows
extended maintenance intervals. This engine coolant (antifreeze) can be used up to ten years or 150,000 miles
(240,000 km) before replacement. To prevent reducing this
extended maintenance period, it is important that you use
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 193
the same engine coolant (OAT coolant conforming to
MS.90032) throughout the life of your vehicle.
Please review these recommendations for using Organic
Additive Technology (OAT) engine coolant (antifreeze)
that meets the requirements of FCA Material Standard
MS.90032. When adding engine coolant (antifreeze):
NOTE:
• It is the owner’s responsibility to maintain the proper
level of protection against freezing according to the
temperatures occurring in the area where the vehicle is
operated.
• We recommend using MOPAR Antifreeze/Coolant
10 Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT (Organic Additive
Technology) that meets the requirements of FCA Material Standard MS.90032.
• Some vehicles require special tools to add coolant properly. Failure to fill these systems properly could lead to
severe internal engine damage. If any coolant is needed
to be added to the system, please contact your local
authorized dealer.
• Mix a minimum solution of 50% OAT engine coolant
that meets the requirements of FCA Material Standard
MS.90032 and distilled water. Use higher concentrations
(not to exceed 70%) if temperatures below −34°F (−37°C)
are anticipated. Please contact your authorized dealer
for assistance.
• Mixing engine coolant (antifreeze) types is not recommended and can result in cooling system damage.
If HOAT and OAT coolant are mixed in an emergency,
have a authorized dealer drain, flush, and refill with
OAT coolant (conforming to MS.90032) as soon as possible.
• Use only high purity water such as distilled or deionized
water when mixing the water/engine coolant (antifreeze) solution. The use of lower quality water will
reduce the amount of corrosion protection in the engine
cooling system.
Cooling System Pressure Cap
The cap must be fully tightened to prevent loss of engine
coolant (antifreeze), and to ensure that the engine coolant
(antifreeze) will return to the radiator from the coolant
expansion bottle.
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194 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
The cap should be inspected and cleaned if there is any
accumulation of foreign material on the sealing surfaces.
WARNING!
• Do not open hot engine cooling system. Never add
engine coolant (antifreeze) when the engine is overheated. Do not loosen or remove the cap to cool an
overheated engine. Heat causes pressure to build up
in the cooling system. To prevent scalding or injury,
do not remove the pressure cap while the system is
hot or under pressure.
• Do not use a pressure cap other than the one specified for your vehicle. Personal injury or engine
damage may result.
Disposal Of Used Engine Coolant
Used ethylene glycol-based engine coolant (antifreeze) is a
regulated substance requiring proper disposal. Check with
your local authorities to determine the disposal rules for
your community. To prevent ingestion by animals or
children, do not store ethylene glycol-based engine coolant
(antifreeze) in open containers or allow it to remain in
puddles on the ground. If ingested by a child or pet, seek
emergency assistance immediately. Clean up any ground
spills immediately.
Points To Remember
NOTE: When the vehicle is stopped after a few miles/
kilometers of operation, you may observe vapor coming
from the front of the engine compartment. This is normally
a result of moisture from rain, snow, or high humidity
accumulating on the radiator and being vaporized when
the thermostat opens, allowing hot engine coolant (antifreeze) to enter the radiator.
If an examination of your engine compartment shows no
evidence of radiator or hose leaks, the vehicle may be
safely driven. The vapor will soon dissipate.
• Do not overfill the coolant expansion bottle.
• Check the coolant freeze point in the radiator and in the
coolant expansion bottle. If engine coolant (antifreeze)
needs to be added, the contents of the coolant expansion
bottle must also be protected against freezing.
• If frequent engine coolant (antifreeze) additions are
required, the cooling system should be pressure tested
for leaks.
• Maintain engine coolant (antifreeze) concentration at a
minimum of 50% OAT coolant (conforming to
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 195
MS.90032) and distilled water for proper corrosion protection of your engine which contains aluminum components.
the engine has been cooled by about 50° to 100°F (10° to
38°C). This cooling process enables more efficient burning
of fuel resulting in fewer emissions.
• Make sure that the coolant expansion bottle overflow
hoses are not kinked or obstructed.
To guarantee optimum performance of the system, keep
the surfaces of the charge air cooler, condenser and radiator
clean and free of debris. Periodically check the hoses
leading to and from the charge air cooler for cracks or loose
clamps resulting in loss of pressure and reduced engine
performance.
• Keep the front of the radiator clean. If your vehicle is
equipped with air conditioning, keep the front of the
condenser clean.
• Do not change the thermostat for Summer or Winter
operation. If replacement is ever necessary, install ONLY
the correct type thermostat. Other designs may result in
unsatisfactory engine coolant (antifreeze) performance,
poor gas mileage, and increased emissions.
Charge Air Cooler — Inter-Cooler
The charge air cooler is positioned below the radiator and
the air conditioner condenser. Air enters the engine
through the air cleaner and passes through the turbocharger, where it is pressurized. This pressurized air rapidly reaches high temperature. The air is then directed
through a hose to the charge air cooler and through another
hose to the intake manifold of the engine. The air entering
Brake System
Brake Master Cylinder — Brake Fluid Level Check
The fluid level of the master cylinder should be checked
when performing under the hood service, or immediately
if the “Brake System Warning Light” indicates system
failure.
The brake master cylinder has a translucent plastic reservoir. On the outboard side of the reservoir, there is a
“MAX” mark and a “MIN” mark. The fluid level must be
kept within these two marks. Do not add fluid above the
full mark because leakage may occur at the cap.
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196 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
With disc brakes, the fluid level can be expected to fall as
the brake linings wear. However, an unexpected drop in
fluid level may be caused by a leak and a system check
should be conducted.
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, And Genuine Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
WARNING!
• Use only manufacturer’s recommended brake fluid.
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in
“Maintaining Your Vehicle” for further information.
Using the wrong type of brake fluid can severely
damage your brake system and/or impair its performance. The proper type of brake fluid for your
vehicle is also identified on the original factory
installed hydraulic master cylinder reservoir.
(Continued)
WARNING! (Continued)
• To avoid contamination from foreign matter or moisture, use only new brake fluid or fluid that has been
in a tightly closed container. Keep the master cylinder reservoir cap secured at all times. Brake fluid in
a open container absorbs moisture from the air
resulting in a lower boiling point. This may cause it
to boil unexpectedly during hard or prolonged braking, resulting in sudden brake failure. This could
result in a accident.
• Overfilling the brake fluid reservoir can result in
spilling brake fluid on hot engine parts, causing the
brake fluid to catch fire. Brake fluid can also damage
painted and vinyl surfaces, care should be taken to
avoid its contact with these surfaces.
• Do not allow petroleum based fluid to contaminate
the brake fluid. Brake seal components could be
damaged, causing partial or complete brake failure.
This could result in an accident.
Clutch Hydraulic System
The clutch hydraulic system is a sealed maintenance-free
system. In the event of leakage or other malfunction, the
system must be replaced.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 197
Transfer Case — If Equipped
Drain And Refill
level ground, enough lubricant should be added to bring
the level to 1/4 in (6 mm) below the bottom of the filler
hole.
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper maintenance intervals.
Automatic Transmission — If Equipped
Selection of Lubricant
Selection of Lubricant
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for fluid specifications.
It is important to use the proper transmission fluid to
ensure optimum transmission performance and life. Use
only the manufacturer’s specified transmission fluid. Refer
to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in this section
for fluid specifications. It is important to maintain the
transmission fluid at the correct level using the recommended fluid.
Fluid Level Check
This fluid level can be checked by removing the filler plug.
The fluid level should be to the bottom edge of the filler
plug hole with the vehicle in a level position.
Manual Transmission — If Equipped
Selection of Lubricant
Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in “Maintaining Your Vehicle” for fluid specifications.
Fluid Level Check
The fluid level can be checked by removing the filler plug.
If the level of the lubricant is more than 1/2 in (12 mm)
below the bottom of the filler hole while the vehicle is on
No chemical flushes should be used in any transmission;
only the approved lubricant should be used.
CAUTION!
Using a transmission fluid other than the manufacturer’s recommended fluid may cause deterioration in
transmission shift quality and/or torque converter
shudder, and will require more frequent fluid and
filter changes. Refer to “Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine Parts” in this section for fluid specifications.
7
198 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Special Additives
The manufacturer strongly recommends against using any
special additives in the transmission. Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) is an engineered product and its performance may be impaired by supplemental additives. Therefore, do not add any fluid additives to the transmission.
The only exception to this policy is the use of special dyes
for diagnosing fluid leaks. Avoid using transmission sealers as they may adversely affect seals.
CAUTION!
Do not use chemical flushes in your transmission as
the chemicals can damage your transmission components. Such damage is not covered by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty.
Fluid Level Check
It is best to check the fluid level when the transmission is
at normal operating temperature (170-180°F / 77-82°C for
68RFE transmission, or 158-176°F / 70-80°C for AS69RC
transmission). This normally occurs after at least 15 miles
(25 km) of driving. At normal operating temperature the
fluid cannot be held comfortably between the fingertips.
You can read the transmission sump temperature in the
instrument cluster display (refer to “Instrument Cluster
Display” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
further information).
Use the following procedure to check the transmission
fluid level properly:
1. Monitor the transmission temperature using the instrument cluster display, and operate the vehicle as required
to reach the normal operating temperature. If the transmission is not functioning properly, or the vehicle
cannot be driven, see the NOTE and CAUTION below
about checking the fluid level at colder temperatures.
2. Park the vehicle on level ground.
3. Run the engine at normal idle speed for at least 60
seconds, and leave the engine running for the rest of this
procedure.
4. Fully apply the parking brake and press the brake pedal.
5. Place the gear selector momentarily into each gear
position (allowing time for the transmission to fully
engage in each position), ending with the transmission
in PARK.
6. Remove the dipstick, wipe it clean and reinsert it until
seated.
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 199
7. Remove the dipstick again and note the fluid level on
both sides. The fluid level reading is only valid if there
is a solid coating of oil on both sides of the dipstick.
Note that the holes in the dipstick will be full of fluid if
the actual level is at or above the hole. The fluid level
should be between the “HOT” (upper) reference holes
on the dipstick at normal operating temperature. If the
fluid level is low, add fluid through the dipstick tube to
bring it to the proper level. Do not overfill. Use ONLY
the specified fluid (see ⬙Fluids, Lubricants, and Genuine
Parts⬙ for fluid specifications). After adding any quantity of oil through the dipstick tube, wait a minimum of
two minutes for the oil to fully drain into the transmission before rechecking the fluid level.
NOTE: If it is necessary to check the transmission below
the operating temperature, the fluid level should be between the two “COLD” (lower) holes on the dipstick with
the fluid at 60-70°F / 16-21°C for 68RFE transmission, or
68-86°F / 20-30°C for AS69RC transmission. Only use the
COLD region of the dipstick as a rough reference when
setting the fluid level after a transmission service or fluid
change. Re-check the fluid level, and adjust as required,
once the transmission reaches normal operating temperature.
CAUTION!
If the fluid temperature is below 50°F (10°C) it may not
register on the dipstick. Do not add fluid until the
temperature is elevated enough to produce an accurate
reading. Run the engine at idle, in PARK, to warm the
fluid.
8. Reinsert the dipstick. Check for leaks. Release the parking brake.
NOTE: To prevent dirt and water from entering the
transmission after checking or replenishing fluid, make
sure that the dipstick cap is properly reseated. It is normal
for the dipstick cap to spring back slightly from its fully
seated position, as long as its seal remains engaged in the
dipstick tube.
Fluid And Filter Changes
Refer to the “Maintenance Schedule” for the proper maintenance intervals.
In addition, change the fluid and filter(s) if the fluid
becomes contaminated (with water, etc.), or if the transmission is disassembled for any reason.
7
200 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Noise Control System Required Maintenance &
Warranty
All vehicles built over 10,000 lbs. (4 535 kg) Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating and manufactured for sale and use in the
United States are required to comply with the Federal
Government’s Exterior Noise Regulations. These vehicles
can be identified by the Noise Emission Control Label
located in the operator’s compartment.
systems. In addition, inspection and service should be
performed anytime a malfunction is observed or suspected. Proper maintenance of the entire vehicle will help
the effectiveness of the noise control systems.
Exhaust System
Inspect the entire exhaust system for leaks and damaged
parts. Devices such as hangers, clamps, and U-bolts should
be tight and in good condition. Damaged components,
burned or blown out mufflers, burned or rusted out
exhaust pipes should be replaced according to the procedures and specifications outlined in the appropriate service
manual.
Air Cleaner Assembly
Required Maintenance For Noise Control Systems
The following maintenance services must be performed
every six months or 7,500 miles (12 000 km) whichever
comes first, to assure proper operation of the noise control
Inspect air cleaner housing for proper assembly and fit.
Make certain that the air cleaner is properly positioned and
that the cover is tight. Check all hoses leading to the air
cleaner for tightness. The air filter element must also be
clean and serviced according to the instructions outlined in
the Maintenance Schedule section of this manual.
Tampering With Noise Control System Prohibited
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing
thereof: (1) the removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 201
replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control
prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or
while it is in use, or (2) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been removed or rendered
inoperative by any person.
Among those acts presumed to constitute tampering are
the acts listed below.
AIR CLEANER
• Removal of the air cleaner.
• Removal of the air cleaner filter element from the air
cleaner housing.
• Removal of the air ducting.
EXHAUST SYSTEM
• Removal or rendering inoperative exhaust system components including the muffler or tailpipe.
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
• Removal or rendering inoperative the fan clutch.
• Removal of the fan shroud.
Noise Emission Warranty
The manufacturer warrants that this vehicle as manufactured by the manufacturer, was designed, built and
equipped to conform at the time it left the manufacturer’s
control with all applicable U.S. EPA Noise Control Regulations.
This warranty covers this vehicle as designed, built and
equipped by the manufacturer, and is not limited to any
particular part, component or system of the vehicle manufactured by the manufacturer. Defects in design, assembly
or in any part, component or system of the vehicle as
manufactured by the manufacturer, which, at the time it
left the manufacturer’s control, caused noise emissions to
exceed Federal standards, are covered by this warranty for
the life of the vehicle.
7
202 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Maintenance Log and Service Chart (Diesel Engines)
Noise Systems Maintenance Chart and Service Log — Insert Month, Day, Year under column mileage closest to the
mileage at which service was performed.
MILES
7,500
15,000
22,500
30,000
37,500
45,000
52,500
60,000
KILOME12 000
24 000
36 000
48 000
60 000
72 000
84 000
96 000
TERS
Exhaust
systeminspect
Air cleaner
assemblyinspect
ODOMETER
READING
PERFORMED
BY
PERFORMED
AT
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 203
Noise Systems Maintenance Chart and Service Log — Insert Month, Day, Year under column mileage closest to the
mileage at which service was performed.
MILES
KILOMETERS
Exhaust
systeminspect
Air cleaner
assemblyinspect
ODOMETER
READING
PERFORMED
BY
PERFORMED
AT
67,500
108 000
75,000
120 000
82,500
132 000
90,000
144 000
97,500
156 000
105,000
168 000
112,500
180 000
120,000
192 000
7
204 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
FLUID CAPACITIES
Fuel (Approximate)
2500/3500 Standard Cab Longbed Models
2500/3500 Crew/Mega Cab Shortbed Models
2500/3500 Crew Cab Longbed Models
Standard Rear Tank – Chassis Cab Only
Optional Midship Tank – Chassis Cab Only
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Tank (Approximate) –
2500/3500 Models
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Tank (Approximate) –
Chassis Cab
Engine Oil With Filter
6.7L Turbo Diesel Engine
Cooling System
6.7L Turbo Diesel Engine (MOPAR Engine
Coolant/Antifreeze 10 Year/150,000 Mile
Formula)
U.S.
Metric
28 Gallons
31 Gallons
32 Gallons
52 Gallons
22 Gallons
5.5 Gallons
106 Liters
129 Liters
132 Liters
197 Liters
83 Liters
21 Liters
9 Gallons
34 Liters
12 Quarts
11.4 Liters
5.7 Gallons
21.4 Liters
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 205
FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS AND GENUINE PARTS
Engine
Component
Engine Coolant
Engine Oil
Engine Oil Filter
Fuel Filters
Crankcase Ventilation
Filter
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
We recommend you use MOPAR Antifreeze/Coolant 10 Year/150,000 Mile Formula OAT
(Organic Additive Technology).
In ambient temperatures above 0°F (-18°C), we recommend you use 15W-40 engine oil such as
MOPAR, Shell Rotella and Shell Rimula that meets FCA Material Standard MS-10902 and the
API CJ-4 engine oil category is required. Products meeting Cummins CES 20081 may also be
used. The identification of these engine oils is typically located on the back of the oil container.
In ambient temperatures below 0°F (-18°C), we recommend you use 5W-40 synthetic engine oil
such as MOPAR, Shell Rotella and Shell Rimula that meets FCA Material Standard MS-10902
and the API CJ-4 engine oil category is required.
We recommend you use MOPAR Engine Oil Filters.
We recommend you use MOPAR Fuel Filter. Must meet 3 micron rating. Using a fuel filter that
does not meet the manufacturers filtration and water separating requirements can severely
impact fuel system life and reliability.
We recommend you use MOPAR CCV Filter.
7
206 MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE
Component
Fuel Selection
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
Use good quality diesel fuel from a reputable supplier in your vehicle. Federal law requires that
you must fuel this vehicle with Ultra Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (15 ppm Sulfur
maximum) and prohibits the use of Low Sulfur Highway Diesel fuel (500 ppm Sulfur maximum)
to avoid damage to the emissions control system.
For most year-round service, No. 2 diesel fuel meeting ASTM specification D-975 Grade S15 will
provide good performance.
If climatized or diesel Number 1 ULSD fuel is not available, and you are operating below
(20°F/-6°C), in sustained arctic conditions, Mopar Premium Diesel Fuel Treatment (or equivalent) is recommended to avoid gelling.
This vehicle is fully compatible with biodiesel blends up to 5% biodiesel meeting ASTM
specification D-975. Pickup models, and Chassis Cab models configured with optional B20
capability, are additionally compatible with 20% biodiesel meeting ASTM specification D-7467.
MOPAR Diesel Exhaust Fluid (API Certified) (DEF) or equivalent that has been API Certified to
the ISO 22241 standard. Use of fluids not API Certified to ISO 22241 may result in system
damage. You can receive assistance in locating DEF in the United States by calling 866-RAMINFO (866-726-4636). In Canada call 1–800–465–2001 (English) or 1–800–387–9983 (French).
MAINTAINING YOUR VEHICLE 207
Chassis
Component
Automatic Transmission – If Equipped 6.7L Diesel with
(Six-Speed 68RFE) – 2500/3500 Pickup models without
PTO
Automatic Transmission – If Equipped 6.7L Diesel with
(Six-Speed AS69RC) – Pickup models with PTO and
All Chassis Cab models
Transfer Case
Front and Rear Axle Fluid (2500/3500)
Front and Rear Axle Fluid (4500/5500)
Clutch Linkage
Manual Transmission (G-56) – If Equipped
Fluid, Lubricant, or Genuine Part
Only use ATF+4 Automatic Transmission Fluid. Failure to
use ATF+4 fluid may affect the function or performance of
your transmission. We recommend MOPAR ATF+4 fluid.
Only use MOPAR ASRC Automatic Transmission Fluid or
equivalent. Failure to use the proper fluid may affect the
function or performance of your transmission.
We recommend you use MOPAR BW44–44 Transfer Case
Fluid.
We recommend you use SAE 75W-85 HD Ram GL-5
Synthetic Axle Lubricant. Limited slip additive is not
required for Limited-Slip Rear Axles.
We recommend you use GL-5 SAE 75W-90 Synthetic (MS9763). Limited slip additive is not required for Limited-Slip
Rear Axles.
We recommend you use MOPAR Multi-Purpose Grease,
NLGI Grade 2 E.P. or equivalent.
We recommend you use MOPAR ATF+4 Automatic Transmission Fluid or equivalent licensed ATF+4 product.
7
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
CONTENTS
䡵 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE — DIESEL
ENGINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .210
▫ Perform Service Indicator — Cummins
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .211
▫ Oil Change Indicator System — Cummins
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .210
▫ Maintenance Chart — Cummins Diesel
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .212
8
210 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE — DIESEL ENGINE
CAUTION!
Failure to perform the required maintenance items
may result in damage to the vehicle.
At Each Stop For Fuel
Check the engine oil level at least 30 minutes after a fully
warmed engine is shut off. Checking the oil level while the
vehicle is on level ground will improve the accuracy of the
oil level reading. Add oil only when the level is at or below
the ADD or MIN mark.
Once A Month
• Inspect the batteries, and clean and tighten the terminals
as required.
• Check the fluid levels of the coolant reservoir, brake
master cylinder, and automatic transmission (if
equipped), and add as needed.
At Each Oil Change
• Change the engine oil filter.
• Inspect the exhaust system.
• Inspect engine air filter.
• Check the coolant level, hoses, and clamps.
• Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspection and service should also be performed anytime a
malfunction is observed or suspected. Retain all receipts.
Oil Change Indicator System — Cummins Diesel
Your vehicle is equipped with an engine oil change indicator system. This system will alert you when it is time to
change your engine oil by displaying the words “Oil
Change Due” in your instrument cluster display. The oil
change reminder will remind the owner to change the
engine oil every 15,000 miles or 500 hours, whichever
comes first, except for the Chassis Cab models and Pickup
models configured with optional B20 capability that are
using B20 biodiesel, which are 12,500 miles or 400 hours,
whichever comes first. Failure to change the engine oil per
the maintenance schedule can result in internal engine
damage.
Your authorized dealer will reset the oil change indicator
message after completing the scheduled oil change. If a
scheduled oil change is performed by someone other than
your authorized dealer, the message can be reset by
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 211
referring to the steps described under “Instrument Cluster
Display” in “Understanding Your Instrument Panel” for
further information.
Replace the engine oil and oil filter every 15,000 miles (24
000 km) or six months, or sooner if prompted by the oil
change indicator system. Under no circumstances should
oil change intervals exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six
months, whichever comes first.
NOTE:
• Under no circumstances should oil change intervals
exceed 15,000 miles (24,000 km) or six months or
500 Hours, whichever comes first.
• Replace the engine oil and oil filter every 12,500 miles
(20 000 km) when running B20 fuel (Chassis Cab Only).
If Chassis Cab models and Pickup models configured with
optional B20 capability are operated with greater than 5%
levels of biodiesel, the oil change interval must not exceed
12,500 miles (20 000 km) under any circumstances. See the
Fuel Requirements section for more information regarding
operation of Chassis Cab models and Pickup models
configured for use with biodiesel blend (B6-B20) fuel
meeting ASTM specification D-7467.
Perform Service Indicator — Cummins Diesel
Your vehicle will require emissions maintenance at a set
interval. To help remind you when this maintenance is due,
the instrument cluster will display “Perform Service”.
When the “Perform Service” message is displayed on the
instrument cluster it is necessary to have the emissions
maintenance performed. Emissions maintenance may include replacing the Closed Crankcase Ventilation (CCV)
filter element. The procedure for clearing and resetting the
“Perform Service” indicator message is located in the
appropriate Service Information.
8
212 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
105,000
108,000
120,000
132,000
144,000
156,000
168,000
180,000
192,000
204,000
216,000
228,000
240,000
150,000
97,500
96,000
142,500
90,000
84,000
135,000
75,000
72,000
127,500
67,500
84 90 96 102 108 114 120
60,000
120,000
60,000
78
112,500
45,000
60 66 72
82,500
37,500
54
52,500
30,000
36 42 48
22,500
15,000
30
48,000
Change engine oil every 15,000
miles (24 000 km) or six months or
500 Hours or sooner if prompted by
the oil change indicator system,
whichever comes first. **
Additional Inspections
Check the Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) tank, refill if necessary.
Rotate the tires.
Lubricate front drive shaft fitting
(4x4).
Lubricate outer tie rod ends.
Inspect engine air filter, replace if
necessary. ****
12 18 24
36,000
Or Kilometers:
6
24,000
Or Months:
12,000
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes first):
7,500
Maintenance Chart — Cummins Diesel Engine
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Inspect the front suspension, tie rod
ends and boot seals for cracks or
leaks and all parts for damage,
wear, improper looseness or end
play; replace if necessary.
Inspect the brake linings.
Inspect and adjust parking brake.
Inspect drive belt; replace as
necessary.
Inspect wheel bearings.
Additional Maintenance
Replace cabin air filter.
Replace engine fuel filter element.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
142,500
150,000
240,000
132,000
84,000
180,000
X
228,000
168,000
X
135,000
156,000
X
216,000
120,000
X
X
X
X
X
X
127,500
105,000
108,000
X
204,000
97,500
72,000
X
120,000
90,000
60,000
36,000
X
192,000
75,000
84 90 96 102 108 114 120
112,500
67,500
78
144,000
60,000
60 66 72
82,500
45,000
54
96,000
37,500
36 42 48
52,500
30,000
30
48,000
12 18 24
22,500
15,000
Or Kilometers:
6
24,000
Or Months:
7,500
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes first):
12,000
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 213
X
8
X
X
X
X
Replace chassis mounted fuel filter
element.
Inspect the front and rear axle
surfaces. If gear oil leakage is
suspected, check the fluid level. If
using your vehicle for police, taxi,
fleet, off-road or frequent trailer
towing change the axle fluid. *
Inspect the transfer case fluid (4x4),
change for any of the following:
police, taxi, fleet, or frequent trailer
towing.
Change the transfer case fluid (4x4).
Change automatic transmission
fluid (AS69RC transmission only).
Change the automatic transmission
fluid and sump filter (AS69RC
transmission only).
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
142,500
150,000
240,000
180,000
132,000
36,000
84,000
X
X
228,000
168,000
X
135,000
156,000
X
X
216,000
120,000
X
127,500
105,000
108,000
X
X
204,000
97,500
72,000
X
120,000
90,000
60,000
X
192,000
75,000
84 90 96 102 108 114 120
112,500
67,500
78
144,000
60,000
60 66 72
82,500
45,000
54
96,000
37,500
36 42 48
52,500
30,000
30
48,000
12 18 24
22,500
15,000
Or Kilometers:
6
24,000
Or Months:
7,500
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes first):
12,000
214 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Change automatic transmission
fluid and filter(s) if using your
vehicle for any of the following:
police, fleet, or frequent trailer
towing (68RFE transmission only).
Change automatic transmission
fluid and filter(s).
Change the manual transmission
fluid if using your vehicle for any of
the following: police, fleet, or
frequent trailer towing.
Replace Crankcase Ventilation
Filter (CCV).
Flush and replace power steering
fluid.
Flush and replace engine coolant.
***
Adjust valve lash clearance.
142,500
150,000
240,000
180,000
228,000
168,000
135,000
156,000
132,000
216,000
120,000
127,500
105,000
108,000
84,000
204,000
97,500
72,000
36,000
120,000
90,000
60,000
X
192,000
75,000
84 90 96 102 108 114 120
112,500
67,500
78
144,000
60,000
60 66 72
82,500
45,000
54
96,000
37,500
36 42 48
52,500
30,000
30
48,000
12 18 24
22,500
15,000
Or Kilometers:
6
24,000
Or Months:
7,500
Mileage or time passed (whichever comes first):
12,000
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 215
X
X
X
8
X
X
X
X
X
X
216 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Inspection and service should also be performed anytime a
malfunction is observed or suspected. Retain all receipts.
* Inspect the front and rear axle surfaces every 20,000 miles
(32,000 km). If gear oil leakage is suspected, check the fluid
level. If using your vehicle for police, taxi, fleet, off-road or
frequent trailer towing change the axle fluid every
20,000 miles (32,000 km).
** Under no circumstances should oil change intervals
exceed 15,000 miles (24 000 km) or six months or
500 Hours, whichever comes first.
*** The manufacturer highly recommends that all cooling
system service, maintenance, and repairs be performed by
your local authorized dealer.
**** Under no circumstances should the air cleaner filter
element exceed 30,000 miles (48,000 km) or 24 months,
whichever comes first.
WARNING!
• You can be badly injured working on or around a
motor vehicle. Do only service work for which you
have the knowledge and the right equipment. If you
have any doubt about your ability to perform a
service job, take your vehicle to a competent
mechanic.
• Failure to properly inspect and maintain your vehicle
could result in a component malfunction and effect
vehicle handling and performance. This could cause
an accident.
CAUTION!
***The manufacturer highly recommends that all
cooling system service, maintenance, and repairs be
performed by your local authorized dealer.
INDEX 217
INDEX
8
218 INDEX - RAM 1500
Adding Engine Coolant (Antifreeze) . . .
Adding Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Cleaner, Engine (Engine Air Cleaner
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . . . . . . .
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Transmission
Fluid Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Axle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.....
.....
Filter)
.....
.....
.....
Battery . . . . . . . . .
Brake Fluid. . . . . .
Brake System . . . .
Fluid Check . . .
Master Cylinder
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
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Capacities, Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) .
Capacities, Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Caps, Filler
Oil (Engine) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radiator (Coolant Pressure) . . . . . . .
Charge Air Cooler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant Pressure Cap (Radiator Cap) . .
Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . .
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.66
.45
.57
.65
.71
.68
. . . . . . . . . . .75
. . . . . . . . . . .75
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.64
.75
.69
.69
.69
. . . . . . . . . . .71
. . . . . . . . . . .71
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.56
.67
.69
.67
.65
.66
Coolant Capacity . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disposal Of Used Coolant . . . . .
Drain, Flush, And Refill . . . . . . .
Points To Remember . . . . . . . . .
Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radiator Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selection Of Coolant (Antifreeze)
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. . . .71
. . . .65
. . . .68
. . . .65
. . . .68
. . . .67
. . . .67
.65 , 72
Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel Fuel Requirements. . . . . . . . .
Bulk Storage Of . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel Fuel System, Re-Priming . . . .
Disposal
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . . .
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter
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Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . .
Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . .
Break-In Recommendations
Compartment . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . .
Identification . . . . . . . . . .
Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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.40
.40
.48
.62
. . . . . . . . . . . . .68
. . . . . . . . . . . . .60
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 , 40
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
INDEX - RAM 1500 219
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil Filler Cap . . . . .
Filters
Air Cleaner . . . . . .
Engine Fuel . . . . . .
Engine Oil . . . . . . .
Engine Oil Disposal
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 , 72
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Intervention Regeneration Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Keyless Enter-N-Go . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
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. . . .57
. . . .60
.57 , 72
. . . .57
Maintenance Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
New Vehicle Break-In Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Fluid Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluid Level Checks
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluid, Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluids, Lubricants And Genuine Parts .
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tank Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gauges
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .71
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. . . .69
. . . .75
. . . .72
. . . .40
. . . .45
.40 , 72
. . . .60
. . . .40
. . . .41
. . . .71
. . . .45
Oil, Engine . . . . . . . . .
Capacity . . . . . . . .
Change Interval . . .
Dipstick . . . . . . . . .
Disposal . . . . . . . . .
Filter . . . . . . . . . . .
Filter Disposal . . . .
Materials Added To .
Recommendation . .
Viscosity . . . . . . . .
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. . . .55
. . . .71
. . . .56
. . . .55
. . . .57
.57 , 72
. . . .57
. . . .57
. . . .55
. . . .56
Radiator Cap (Coolant Pressure Cap) . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
Remote Starting System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
. . . . . . . . . . . .35
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Schedule, Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Selection Of Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
8
220 INDEX - RAM 1500
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . .
Engine Block Heater . . . . . . . . . .
Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting Procedures (Diesel Engines) .
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. . . .32
. . . .33
.34 , 40
. . . .10
. . . .32
. . . .32
Tip Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Transfer Case
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Transmission
Viscosity, Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Water Separator, Diesel Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500 221
Adding Engine Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Adding Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Cleaner, Engine (Engine Air Cleaner Filter).
Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Transmission
Adding Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluid Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluid Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Axle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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.160
.180
.180
.192
.204
.194
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.199
.198
.207
.141
.207
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .190
Blanket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132 , 191
Emergency Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170
Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Fluid Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Brake/Transmission Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Capacities, Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . . . . . . . . .204
Capacities, Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Caps, Filler
Oil (Engine) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
Radiator (Coolant Pressure) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .193
Charge Air Cooler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Coolant Pressure Cap (Radiator Cap). . . . . . . . . . . . .193
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Adding Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Coolant Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Disposal Of Used Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Drain, Flush, And Refill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192
Points To Remember . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .193
Radiator Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .193
Selection Of Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . .192 , 205
Diesel Exhaust Brake . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel Fuel Requirements . . . . . . . . .
Bulk Storage Of . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel Fuel System, Re-Priming. . . . .
Disposal
Antifreeze (Engine Coolant) . . . . .
Draining Fuel/Water Separator Filter.
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.138
.157
.157
.163
.188
. . . . . . . . . . . .194
. . . . . . . . . . . .184
8
222 INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500
Electronic Range Select (ERS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .147
Electronic Speed Control (Cruise Control) . . . . . . . . . .96
Emergency, In Case Of
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .180
Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125 , 137
Break-In Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174 , 175
Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174 , 175
Idling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176 , 205
Oil Filler Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
Oil Synthetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Runaway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156
Exhaust Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138
Exhaust System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200
Filters
Engine Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179 , 205
Engine Oil Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Fluid Capacities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Fluid Level Checks
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195
Manual Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Transfer Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Fluids, Lubricants And Genuine Parts . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160 , 162
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157 , 162 , 205
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Tank Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Fueling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
Gauges
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Gear Ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
Idle Up Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Instrument Cluster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
Intervention Regeneration Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170
INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500 223
Keyless Enter-N-Go . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122
Maintenance Procedures.
Maintenance Schedule . .
Manual Transmission . . .
Fluid Level Check . . .
Shift Speeds . . . . . . .
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.176
.210
.150
.197
.151
New Vehicle Break-In Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
Noise Control
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200
Tampering Prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200
Noise Emission Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200
Oil Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .210
Oil, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Change Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Dipstick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179 , 205
Filter Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Identification Logo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
Materials Added To . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Recommendation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
Synthetic . . . . . . . .
Viscosity . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive . . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive OFF Switch .
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Perform Service Indicator, Reset
Power
Take-Off Adapter . . . . . . . . .
Take-Off Operation . . . . . . .
PTO (Power Take-Off) . . . . . . .
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.179
.178
.148
.148
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154
Radiator Cap (Coolant Pressure Cap). . . . . . . . . . . . .191
Remote Starting System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Resetting Perform Service Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . .211
Selection Of Coolant (Antifreeze) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .140
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Manual Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150
Speed Control
Accel/Decel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Cancel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Speed Control (Cruise Control). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
8
224 INDEX - RAM 2500 / 3500 / 4500 / 5500
Engine Block Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125 , 137
Manual Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Starting Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Starting Procedures (Diesel Engines) . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Synthetic Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Tip Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Torque Converter Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .149
Traction Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Transfer Case
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .207
Transmission
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .207
Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121 , 150
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .140
Viscosity, Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
Voltmeter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Water Separator, Diesel Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
INSTALLATION OF RADIO TRANSMITTING
EQUIPMENT
Special design considerations are incorporated into this
vehicle’s electronic system to provide immunity to radio
frequency signals. Mobile two-way radios and telephone
equipment must be installed properly by trained personnel. The following must be observed during installation.
The positive power connection should be made directly
to the battery and fused as close to the battery as possible.
The negative power connection should be made to body
sheet metal adjacent to the negative battery connection.
This connection should not be fused.
Antennas for two-way radios should be mounted on the
roof or the rear area of the vehicle. Care should be used
in mounting antennas with magnet bases. Magnets may
affect the accuracy or operation of the compass on
vehicles so equipped.
The antenna cable should be as short as practical and
routed away from the vehicle wiring when possible. Use
only fully shielded coaxial cable.
Carefully match the antenna and cable to the radio to
ensure a low Standing Wave Ratio (SWR).
Mobile radio equipment with output power greater than
normal may require special precautions.
All installations should be checked for possible interference between the communications equipment and the
vehicle’s electronic systems.
STICK WITH THE SPECIALISTS®
17D241-226-AA
©2016 FCA US LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Ram is a registered trademark of FCA US LLC.
First Edition
Printed in U.S.A.
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