2010 NT700V/VA Owner`s Manual

2010 NT700V/VA Owner`s Manual

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Contents

These pages give an overview of the contents of your owner’s manual. The first page of each section lists the topics covered in that section.

Motorcycle Safety ..............................

.

Important safety information you should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.

1

Instruments & Controls ....................

.

The location and function of indicators and controls on your motorcycle and

9

operating instructions for various controls and features.

Before Riding .....................................

.

35

The importance of wearing a helmet and other protective gear, how to make sure you and your motorcycle are ready to ride, and important information about loading.

Basic Operation & Riding ................

.

How to start and stop the engine, shift

53

gears, and brake. Also, riding precautions and important information about riding with a passenger or cargo.

Contents

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Servicing Your Honda ......................

Why your motorcycle needs regular

.

73

maintenance, what you need to know before servicing your Honda, an owner maintenance schedule, and instructions for specific maintenance and adjustment items.

Tips ......................................................

.

How to store and transport your motorcycle and how to be an environmentally responsible rider.

165

Taking Care of the Unexpected .......

.

171

What to do if you have a flat tire, your engine won’t start, etc.

Contents

Technical Information ......................

.

ID numbers, technical specifications, and other technical facts.

205

Consumer Information .....................

.

Information on warranties, emission controls, how to get Honda service manuals, and...

‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ........

.

227

236

Index ....................................................

.

238

Quick Reference

Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire sizes, and air pressures.

Contents

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2010

Honda NT700V/VA

OWNER’S MANUAL

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Introduction

Congratulations on choosing your Honda motorcycle.

When you own a Honda, you’re part of a worldwide family of satisfied customers

− people who appreciate Honda’s reputation for building quality into every product.

Before riding, take time to get acquainted with your motorcycle and how it works.

To protect your investment, we urge you to take responsibility for keeping your motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled service is a must, of course. But it’s just as important to observe the break-in guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and other periodic checks detailed in this manual.

Introduction

We also recommend that you read this owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full of facts, instructions, safety information, and helpful tips. To make it easy to use, the manual contains a detailed list of topics at the beginning of each section, and both an in-depth table of contents and an index at the back of the book.

As you read this manual, you will find information that is preceded by a symbol. This information is intended to help you avoid damage to your

Honda, other property, or the environment.

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Read the Warranties Booklet (page thoroughly so you understand the

231 coverages that protect your new Honda and are aware of your rights and responsibilities.

)

If you have any questions, or if you ever need special service or repairs, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is dedicated to your complete satisfaction.

Please report any change of address or ownership to your Honda dealer so we will be able to contact you concerning important product information.

Introduction

You may also want to visit our website at www.honda.com.

Happy riding!

California Proposition 65 Warning

WARNING:

This product contains or emits chemicals known to the State of

California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

Introduction

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A Few Words About Safety

Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely is an important responsibility.

To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others.

Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.

You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:

Safety Labels

–– on the motorcycle.

Safety Messages

–– preceded by a safety alert symbol and one of three signal words:

DANGER, WARNING,

or

CAUTION

.

These signal words mean:

Safety Messages

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A Few Words About Safety

You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

Safety Headings

–– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.

Safety Section

–– such as Motorcycle Safety.

Instructions

–– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.

This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.

Safety Messages

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This section presents some of the most important information and recommendations to help you ride your motorcycle safely. Please take a few moments to read these pages. This section also includes information about the location of safety labels on your motorcycle.

Motorcycle Safety

Important Safety Information

Accessories & Modifications

................

.................

.

.

Safety Labels ..........................................

.

2

5

7

Motorcycle Safety

1

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Important Safety Information

Your motorcycle can provide many years

− responsibility for your own safety and understand the challenges you can meet while riding.

There is much that you can do to protect yourself when you ride. You’ll find many helpful recommendations throughout this manual. The following are a few that we consider to be most important.

Always Wear a Helmet

It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly reduce the number and severity of head injuries. So always wear an approved motorcycle helmet and make sure your passenger does the same. We also recommend that you wear eye protection, sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective gear (page 36 ).

2

Motorcycle Safety

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Take Time to Learn & Practice

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

Because many crashes involve inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge all riders to take a motorcycle operator course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). See page 38 .

Ride Defensively

The most frequent motorcycle collision happens when a car turns left in front of a motorcycle. Another common situation is a car moving suddenly into your lane.

Important Safety Information

Always pay attention to other vehicles around you, and do not assume that other drivers see you. Be prepared to stop quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For other riding tips, see the booklet,

Your Motorcycle Riding Tips,

You and

which came with your new motorcycle.

Make Yourself Easy to See

Some drivers do not see motorcycles because they are not looking for them. To make yourself more visible, wear bright reflective clothing, position yourself so other drivers can see you, signal before turning or changing lanes, and use your horn when it will help others notice you.

Motorcycle Safety

3

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Important Safety Information

Ride within Your Limits

Pushing limits is another major cause of motorcycle crashes. Never ride beyond your personal abilities or faster than conditions warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can significantly reduce your ability to make good judgments and ride safely.

Don’t Drink and Ride

Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one drink can reduce your ability to respond to changing conditions, and your reaction time gets worse with every additional drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your friends drink and ride either.

Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition

It’s important to keep your motorcycle properly maintained and in safe riding condition. To help avoid problems, inspect your motorcycle before every ride and perform all recommended maintenance.

Never exceed load limits (page 43 ), and do not modify your motorcycle (page ) or install accessories that would make

6

4

Motorcycle Safety

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Modifying your motorcycle or using non-

Honda accessories can make your motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider making any modifications or adding an accessory, be sure to read the following information.

Improper accessories or modifications can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding accessories and modifications.

Accessories & Modifications

Accessories

We strongly recommend that you use only

Honda Genuine Accessories that have been specifically designed and tested for your motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all other accessories, you must be personally responsible for proper selection, installation, and use of non-Honda accessories.

Check with your Honda dealer for assistance and always follow these guidelines:

Make sure the accessory does not obscure any lights, reduce ground clearance and lean angle, limit suspension travel or steering travel, alter your riding position, or interfere with operating any controls.

(cont’d)

Motorcycle Safety

5

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Accessories & Modifications

Do not install any fairing or windscreen unless it was designed and tested by

Honda for your motorcycle. Some fairings or windscreens, even smaller ones, can cause unstable handling of your motorcycle. This is especially true if the fairing or windscreen is poorly designed or improperly mounted.

Do not add any electrical equipment that will exceed the motorcycle’s electrical system capacity (page 214 ).

A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine power (page 196 ).

Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your motorcycle. This motorcycle was not designed for these attachments, and their use can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling.

Modifications

We strongly advise you not to remove any original equipment or modify your motorcycle in any way that would change its design or operation. Such changes could seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, stability, and braking, making it unsafe to ride.

Removing or modifying your lights, exhaust system, emission control system, or other equipment can also make your motorcycle illegal.

6

Motorcycle Safety

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Safety Labels

Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t remove them.

If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.

Motorcycle Safety

7

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Safety Labels

8

Motorcycle Safety

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This section shows the location of all gauges, indicators, and controls you would normally use before or while riding your motorcycle.

The items listed on this page are described in this section. Instructions for other components are presented in other sections of this manual where they will be most useful.

Instruments & Controls

Operation Component Locations

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

...........

.

...............

.

10

13

Multi-function Display .......................

Changing the Indication of

.

22

Multi-function Display

Odometer

.......................

............................................

.

.

23

24

Tripmeter A & B ................................

Current Fuel Mileage

Average Fuel Mileage

.........................

.

........................

.

.

25

26

26

Changing the Mileage and

Fuel Mileage Unit ...............................

.

27

Digital Clock ......................................

Controls & Features ................................

.

.

28

31

Ignition Switch

Start Button

...................................

.........................................

Engine Stop Switch ............................

.

.

.

31

32

32

Headlight Dimmer Switch

Turn Signal Switch

.................

.

.............................

.

33

33

Horn Button ........................................

.

34

Instruments & Controls

9

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Operation Component Locations

ignition switch headlight dimmer switch clutch lever turn signal switch horn button left fairing pocket

10

Instruments & Controls

engine stop switch front brake lever throttle grip start button right fairing pocket

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Operation Component Locations

storage compartment for U-shaped lock saddlebag rear brake pedal

Instruments & Controls

11

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Operation Component Locations

helmet holder shift lever

12

Instruments & Controls

saddlebag

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The gauges, indicators and displays on your motorcycle keep you informed, alert you to possible problems, and make your riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to the gauges, indicators and displays frequently. Their functions are described on the following pages.

(1)

(2)

(3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

(8)

(9)

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

(1) fuel gauge

(2) speedometer

(3) left turn signal indicator

(4) neutral indicator

(5) multi-function display

(6) PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)

(7) right turn signal indicator

(8) tachometer

(9) tachometer red zone

(10) coolant temperature gauge

(11) high beam indicator

(12) SET button

(13) anti-lock brake system (ABS) indicator (NT700VA)

(14) SEL button

(15) low oil pressure indicator

(15) (11)

(10)

(14) (13) (12)

Instruments & Controls

13

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Lamp Check

The low oil pressure indicator, turn signal indicators, high beam indicator, neutral indicator and PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) come on when you turn the ignition switch ON so you can check that they are working. The low oil pressure indicator remains on until after the engine is started. The high coolant temperature indicator and PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) light for a few seconds and then go off when you turn the ignition switch ON. These indicators are identified in the table on pages 17

21 with the words:

Lamp

Check.

(NT700VA only)

The Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) indicator comes on when you turn the ignition switch ON. This indicator goes off after you ride the motorcycle at a speed above 6 mph (10 km/h).

If one of these indicators does not come on when it should, have your Honda dealer check for problems.

14

Instruments & Controls

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Meter Check

The speedometer, tachometer, fuel gauge and coolant temperature gauge will swing to the maximum scale on the dial once when you turn the ignition switch ON.

The meter is identified in the table on page 17 with the words:

Meter Check.

If the speedometer, tachometer, fuel gauge and coolant temperature gauge does not swing to the maximum scale on the dial when it should, have your Honda dealer check for problems.

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Instruments & Controls

15

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Display Check

When the ignition switch is turned ON, the

1 temporarily show all the modes and digital segments so you can make sure the liquid crystal display is functioning properly.

The displays are identified in the table on page 18 with the words:

Display Check.

If any part of these displays does not come on when it should, have your Honda dealer check for problems.

(1)

(1) multi-function display

16

Instruments & Controls

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1 fuel gauge

2 speedometer

3

4 left turn signal indicator

(green) neutral indicator (green)

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Shows the approximate fuel supply available. At F

(Full), the fuel tank capacity is:

5.20 US gal (19.7 )

When the gauge needle first points to E (Empty), refill the tank as soon as possible. At E there is:

0.98 US gal (3.7 )

Meter Check.

Shows riding speed in miles or kilometers per hour

(page 13 ).

Meter Check.

Flashes when the left turn signal operates.

Lamp Check.

Lights when the transmission is in neutral.

Lamp Check.

Instruments & Controls

17

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

5

6

7 multi-function display odometer tripmeter A & B current fuel mileage average fuel mileage digital clock

PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)

(amber) right turn signal indicator

(green)

The display includes the following functions:

Display Check.

Shows the total miles or kilometers ridden (page 24 ).

Shows the number of miles or kilometers ridden since you last reset the meter. The tripmeter has two sub modes, ‘‘A’’ and ‘‘B’’. To zero (0) the tripmeter, push and hold SEL button (page 25 ).

Shows current fuel mileage in mpg or km/ .

See page 26 .

Shows average fuel mileage in mpg or km/ .

See page 26 .

Shows hour and minute (page 28 ).

Lights when there is any abnormality in the PGM-FI

(Programmed Fuel Injection) system. If the indicator comes on at any other time, reduce speed and take your motorcycle to a Honda dealer as soon as possible.

Lamp Check.

Flashes when the right turn signal operates.

Lamp Check.

18

Instruments & Controls

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8

9 tachometer tachometer red zone

10 coolant temperature gauge

11

12 high beam indicator (blue)

SET button

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Shows engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).

Meter Check.

Shows excessive engine rpm range (indicated from the beginning of the tachometer red zone) in which operation may damage the engine. Do not let the tachometer needle enter the red zone.

Shows engine coolant temperature. When the needle moves above the C (cold) mark, the engine is warm enough to start riding. If the needle approaches the

H (hot) mark, pull safely to the side of the road. See page 193 for instructions and cautions.

Meter Check.

Lights when the headlight is on high beam.

Lamp Check.

Use this button for the following purposes:

To change the unit of speedometer, odometer, tripmeter and fuel mileage meter (page

To adjust time (page 28 )

27 )

Instruments & Controls

19

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

13

14

Anti-lock Brake System

(ABS) indicator (amber)

(NT700VA)

SEL button

Lights when there is any abnormality in the anti-lock brake system (ABS). Normally, this indicator comes on when the ignition switch is turned ON, and goes off after you ride the motorcycle at a speed above 6 mph (10 km/h). If the indicator comes on while riding, stop the motorcycle in a safe place and turn off the engine. Refer to

ABS Indicator

For information about ABS, see page

, page

64 .

65 .

Lamp Check.

Use this button for the following purposes:

To select the unit of speedometer, odometer, tripmeter and fuel mileage meter (page

To reset the tripmeter A & B (page 25 )

23 )

To reset the average fuel consumption meter

(page 26 )

To change indication of odometer, tripmeter A, tripmeter B, current fuel mileage, and average fuel mileage (pages 26

27 )

20

Instruments & Controls

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15 low oil pressure indicator

(red)

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to cause engine damage. If the low oil pressure indicator lights during operation, pull safely to the side of the road. See page 195 for instructions and cautions.

Lamp Check

.

Instruments & Controls

21

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Multi-function Display

the following functions: digital clock odometer tripmeter current fuel mileage average fuel mileage

Both the digital clock and tripmeter will reset if the battery is disconnected.

(1) (2)

(4)

(3)

(1) multi-function display

(2) digital clock

(3) odometer

(4) tripmeter

(5) current fuel mileage

(6) average fuel mileage

22

Instruments & Controls

(6)

(5)

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Changing the Indication of

Multi-function Display

Change the indication between the

1 2

4

3

5

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

(1)

(2)

(4)

(3)

(5)

(1) odometer

(2) tripmeter

(3) current fuel mileage

(4) average fuel mileage

(5) SEL button

Instruments & Controls

23

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Odometer

kilometers ridden.

The odometer can be displayed from 0 to

999,999 miles (kilometers).

(1)

(1) odometer

24

Instruments & Controls

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Tripmeter A & B

The tripmeter shows number of miles or kilometers ridden since you last reset the meter.

The tripmeter has two sub modes, A ( )

2

1

Tripmeter can be displayed from 0 to

999.9 miles (kilometers).

If tripmeter exceeds 999.9 miles

(kilometers), it will return to 0 automatically.

To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the

3 tripmeter A or B mode.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) tripmeter A

(2) tripmeter B

(3) SEL button

Instruments & Controls

25

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Current Fuel Mileage

This display shows the current, or instant fuel mileage you are getting.

Indicates the momentary fuel consumption of each 3 seconds during engine operation.

When your motorcycle is stopped,

‘‘

−− −

Average Fuel Mileage

The average fuel mileage after reset until that moment is indicated every 15 seconds.

When ‘‘

−− −

Honda dealer for service.

To reset the average fuel mileage push and

1 seconds with the display in the average fuel mileage.

(1)

(1) SEL button

26

Instruments & Controls

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Changing the Mileage and

Fuel Mileage Unit

The odometer/tripmeter can also display

‘‘mile’’ or ‘‘km’’.

The current fuel mileage and the average fuel mileage can display ‘‘mpg’’ or

‘‘km/ ’’.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Turn the ignition switch ON.

Press and hold the SET button for more than 4 seconds.

Press the SEL button to select ‘‘mile’’/

‘‘mpg’’ or ‘‘km’’/‘‘km/ ’’.

To end the selection, press the SET button.

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

The display will stop blinking automatically if the button is not pressed for about 30 seconds.

As you turn off the ignition switch during the presetting procedures, the preset data just before turning off the ignition switch will be registered.

Instruments & Controls

27

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

Digital Clock

Shows hour and minute. To adjust the time, proceed as follows:

1.

Turn the ignition switch ON.

2.

Push and hold both the SEL button ( )

2 seconds. The clock will be set in the

1 adjust mode with the hour display flashing.

(1) (2)

3.

To set the hour, push the SEL button until the desired hour and AM/PM are displayed.

The time is advanced by one hour, each time the button is pushed.

SEL button.

(1) SEL button

(2) SET button

28

Instruments & Controls

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4.

Push the SET button. The minute display will start flashing.

Gauges, Indicators & Displays

5.

To set the minute, push the SEL button until the desired minute. The minute display will return to ‘‘00’’ when ‘‘60’’ is reached without affecting the hour display.

The time is advanced by one minute, each time the button is pushed.

Quick setting push and hold the

SEL button.

Instruments & Controls

(cont’d)

29

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Gauges, Indicators & Displays

6.

To end the adjustment, push the SET button or turn the ignition switch OFF.

The display will stop flashing automatically and the adjustment will be cancelled if the button is not pushed for about 30 seconds.

The clock will be reset AM 1:00 if the battery is disconnected.

30

Instruments & Controls

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FRONT

(1)

Controls & Features

OFF

ON

Ignition Switch

and stopping the engine (page 55 ) and to lock the steering for theft prevention

(page 67 ). Insert the key and turn it to the right for the ON position. Push down on the key and turn it to the left to the LOCK

(steering lock) position.

Key Position

ON

OFF

LOCK

(steering lock)

Function

Electrical circuits on.

No electrical circuits function.

No electrical circuits function. Locks the steering head.

LOCK

(1) ignition switch

To unlock the steering lock, insert and push down on the key and turn it to the right to the OFF position.

Instruments & Controls

31

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Controls & Features

Start Button

engine. Pushing the button in starts the engine. See

Starting Procedure,

page 56 .

When the start button is pushed, the starter motor will crank the engine; the headlight will automatically go out, but the taillight will stay on.

The starter motor will not operate if the engine stop switch is in the OFF position when the start button is pushed.

Engine Stop Switch

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(2)

(1)

(1) start button

(2) engine stop switch OFF

RUN

2 the engine in an emergency. To operate, push the switch to the OFF position. The switch must be in the RUN position to start the engine, and it should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

32

Instruments & Controls

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If your motorcycle is stopped with the ignition switch ON and the engine stop switch OFF, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Headlight Dimmer Switch

to change between the high and low beams of the headlight. To operate, turn the switch to HI for high beam, LO for low beam.

Controls & Features

Turn Signal Switch

a turn or a lane change. To operate, move the switch all the way in the proper direction and release it. The appropriate turn signal lights will start blinking. To cancel the light, push the switch in.

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) headlight dimmer switch

(2) turn signal switch

(3) horn button

Instruments & Controls

HI

LO

33

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Controls & Features

Horn Button

The horn is used to alert other motorists.

34

Instruments & Controls

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Before each ride, you need to make sure you and your Honda are both ready to ride.

To help get you prepared, this section discusses how to evaluate your riding readiness, what items you should check on your motorcycle, and adjustments to make for your comfort, convenience, or safety.

This section also includes important information about loading.

For information about adjusting the suspension on your Honda, see page 133 .

Before Riding

Are You Ready to Ride?

Protective Apparel

........................

.

..............................

.

36

36

Rider Training ....................................

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

......

.

.

38

39

Pre-ride Inspection .............................

Load Limits & Guidelines ......................

.

.

39

42

Loading ...............................................

Load Limits ........................................

.

Loading Guidelines ............................

.

.

42

43

44

Cargo Compartment

Saddlebags

...............................

.

..........................................

.

46

46

Fairing Pockets ...................................

....

.

48

50

Windscreen Height Adjustment .........

.

50

Before Riding

35

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Are You Ready to Ride?

Before you ride your motorcycle for the first time, we urge you to:

Read this owner’s manual.

Make sure you understand all the safety messages.

Know how to operate all the controls.

Before each ride, be sure:

You feel well and are in good physical and mental condition.

You are wearing an approved motorcycle helmet (with chin strap tightened securely), eye protection, and other protective clothing.

You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in your system.

Make sure your passenger is ready to ride, too, and is wearing proper gear including a helmet.

36

Before Riding

If you must carry an extra helmet while riding, use a commercially available elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the helmet to the seat.

Protective Apparel

For your safety, we strongly recommend that you always wear an approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots, gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt or jacket whenever you ride.

Although complete protection is not possible, wearing proper gear can reduce the chance of injury when you ride.

Following are suggestions to help you choose the proper gear.

09/07/23 17:56:54 31MEWA00 0046 

Are You Ready to Ride?

Helmet and Eye Protection

Your helmet is your most important piece of riding gear because it offers the best protection against head injuries. A helmet should fit your head comfortably and securely. A bright-colored helmet and reflective strips can make you more noticeable in traffic.

An open-face helmet offers some protection, but a full-face helmet offers more. Regardless of the style, look for a

DOT (Department of Transportation) sticker on any helmet you buy. Always wear a face shield or goggles to protect your eyes and help your vision.

Not wearing a helmet increases the chance of serious injury or death in a crash.

Be sure you and your passenger always wear a helmet, eye protection, and other protective apparel when you ride.

Additional Riding Gear

In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we also recommend:

Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help protect your feet and ankles.

Leather gloves to help protect your hands.

(cont’d)

Before Riding

37

09/07/23 17:57:01 31MEWA00 0047 

Are You Ready to Ride?

A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for comfort as well as protection.

Bright-colored and reflective clothing can help make you more noticeable in traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could get caught on any part of your motorcycle.

Rider Training

Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles. Practice riding the motorcycle in a safe area to build your skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls, and feel comfortable with its size and weight.

38

Before Riding

We urge all riders to take a motorcycle operator course approved by the

Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF).

New riders should start with the basic course, and even experienced riders will find the advanced course beneficial. For information about the MSF training course nearest you, call the national toll-free number: (800) 446-9227.

Other riding tips can be found in the

Riding Tips

motorcycle.

booklet that came with your

09/07/23 17:57:09 31MEWA00 0048 

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Before each ride, it’s important to inspect your motorcycle and make sure any problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride inspection is a must, not only for safety, but because having a breakdown, or even a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before riding can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Pre-ride Inspection

Check the following items before you get on the motorcycle:

Tires

&

Wheels

Look at the tires. If a tire appears low, use an air pressure gauge to check its pressure. Also look for signs of excessive wear

(page 143 ) or damage to the tires and wheels.

Always perform a pre-ride inspection before every ride and correct any problems.

Before Riding

(cont’d)

39

09/07/23 17:57:19 31MEWA00 0049 

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Leaks,

Loose

Parts

Lights

Walk around your motorcycle and look for anything that appears unusual, such as a leak or loose cable.

Make sure the headlight, position light, brakelight, taillight, license light and turn signals are working properly.

If you are carrying a passenger or cargo, also check the following:

Load Limits

Cargo

Make sure you do not exceed the load limits

(page 43 ).

Check that all cargo is secure.

Adjustments

Adjust the rear suspension

(page 133 your load.

) according to

40

Before Riding

09/07/23 17:57:28 31MEWA00 0050 

Check these items after you get on the motorcycle:

Throttle

Rotate the throttle to check it moves smoothly without binding.

Brakes

Gauge &

Indicators

Pull the brake lever and press on the brake pedal to check that they operate normally.

Turn the ignition on and check for normal operation of the gauge and indicators

(page 13 ).

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in over a week, you should also check other items, such as the oil level and other fluids.

See

Periodic Maintenance

(page 80 ).

Periodic maintenance should also be done at least once a month, no matter how often you ride.

Remember, be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your Honda dealer correct it before you ride.

Before Riding

41

09/07/23 17:57:34 31MEWA00 0051 

Load Limits & Guidelines

Your motorcycle has been designed to carry you and one passenger. When you carry a passenger, you may feel some difference during acceleration and braking.

But so long as you keep your motorcycle well-maintained, with good tires and brakes, you can safely carry loads within the given limits and guidelines.

However, exceeding the weight limit or carrying an unbalanced load can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, braking, and stability. Non-Honda accessories, improper modifications, and poor maintenance can also reduce your safety margin.

Loading

How much weight you put on your motorcycle, and how you load it, are important to your safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger or cargo, you should be aware of the following information.

Overloading or improper loading can cause a crash and you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all load limits and other loading guidelines in this manual.

42

Before Riding

09/07/23 17:57:44 31MEWA00 0052 

Load Limits & Guidelines

The weight of added accessories will reduce the maximum cargo weight you can carry.

Load Limits

Following are the load limits for your motorcycle:

maximum weight capacity:

403 lb (183 kg) includes the weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.

maximum cargo weight:

60 lb (27 kg) includes following maximum compartment weights:

each saddlebag

11.0 lb (5.0 kg)

each fairing pocket

2.2 lb (1.0 kg)

Before Riding

43

09/07/23 17:57:53 31MEWA00 0053 

Load Limits & Guidelines

Loading Guidelines

Your motorcycle is primarily intended for transporting you and a passenger. You may wish to secure a jacket or other small items to the seat when you are not riding with a passenger.

If you wish to carry more cargo, check with your Honda dealer for advice, and be sure to read the information regarding accessories on page 5 .

Improperly loading your motorcycle can affect its stability and handling. Even if your motorcycle is properly loaded, you should ride at reduced speeds and never exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying cargo.

Follow these guidelines whenever you carry a passenger or cargo:

Check that both tires are properly inflated, and that pressure in the rear tire is increased to suit the load

(page 141 ).

If you change your normal load, you may need to adjust the rear suspension

(page 133 ).

To prevent loose items from creating a hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied down securely before you ride.

44

Before Riding

09/07/23 17:57:57 31MEWA00 0054 

Load Limits & Guidelines

Place cargo weight as low and close to the center of your motorcycle as possible.

Balance cargo weight evenly on both sides.

Before Riding

45

09/07/23 17:58:05 31MEWA00 0055 

Cargo Compartment

Your motorcycle comes with lockable dual saddlebags and front fairing pockets.

Instructions on how to open, close, and lock these compartments follow.

Saddlebags

The saddlebags are for lightweight items.

Cargo in each saddlebag should not exceed:

11.0 lb (5.0 kg)

However, regardless of compartment capacity, be sure you do not exceed the maximum load and cargo weight limits

(page 43 ).

To Open the Saddlebags

1.

1

2.

clockwise.

Release the lock by pulling the lever

( ) up and open the saddlebag cover

( ).

LEFT SIDE

(2)

(3)

(4)

(1)

(1) ignition key

(2) lever

(4) push point

(3) saddlebag cover

(4) strikers

46

Before Riding

09/07/23 17:58:12 31MEWA00 0056 

Cargo Compartment

Do not store valuables or fragile articles.

Water may find its way into the saddlebag through the cover. Do not flood this area when washing the motorcycle.

When try to open the cover, be caref ul, the cover could f all down suddenly.

Follow the cover movement with the hand.

To Close the Saddlebags

1.

Close the saddlebag cover by pushing on upper side, just on the center

2.

4

Turn the ignition key counterclockwise.

After closing the saddlebag cover, check that it is locked securely.

The cover may not be locked securely when the key cannot be returned smoothly.

Stop rotating the key and check that the cover is locked securely.

Before Riding

47

09/07/23 17:58:20 31MEWA00 0057 

Cargo Compartment

Fairing Pockets

The fairing pockets are for lightweight items.

Cargo in each fairing pocket should not exceed:

2.2 lb (1.0 kg)

To open the right fairing pocket ( ), pull

2

1

4

3 ignition key ( ), turn it clockwise and pull

To shut each fairing pocket, place your hands flat on the edges of its lid and press down until it is firmly closed.

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

LEFT SIDE

(5)

(1) right fairing pocket

(2) right fairing pocket lid

(3) left fairing pocket

(4) ignition key

(5) left fairing pocket lid

(4)

(2)

(3)

48

Before Riding

09/07/23 17:58:26 31MEWA00 0058 

Cargo Compartment

Make sure the fairing pockets are closed before riding.

Be careful not to flood this area when washing your motorcycle.

Take care to keep gasoline, brake fluid, or other chemical solvents off the pocket covers. They will damage the surface of the pocket covers.

Do not store valuables in the fairing pockets.

Before Riding

49

09/07/23 17:58:34 31MEWA00 0059 

Comfort & Convenience Adjustment

Your motorcycle has features you can adjust to suit your personal preference and increase your comfort and convenience as well.

We recommend that you take time to check the following item and make any desired adjustments before each ride:

Windscreen

Height

Your windscreen height can be adjusted higher or lower.

Windscreen Height Adjustment

The windscreen height can be adjusted to

5 positions. Do not attempt to adjust windscreen while riding.

To Adjust the Height of the Windscreen

1.

1

2.

Move the windscreen up or down until it clicks into the desired position.

(1)

(1) windscreen

50

Before Riding

09/07/23 17:58:39 31MEWA00 0060 

Comfort & Convenience Adjustment

When you move the windscreen, apply the load to the right and left side evenly.

Check the windscreen adjustment for smooth operating and check the sliding area for looseness.

If you find the windscreen is significantly loose, see your Honda dealer.

If you notice that the windscreen is loose while riding, see your Honda dealer.

Before Riding

51

09/07/23 17:58:42 31MEWA00 0061 

52

Before Riding

09/07/23 17:58:56 31MEWA00 0062 

This section gives basic riding instructions, including how to start and stop your engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch, and brakes. It also provides important information on riding with a passenger or cargo.

To protect your new engine and enjoy optimum performance and service life, refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 216 ).

To protect the catalytic converter in your motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid extended idling and the use of leaded gasoline.

Basic Operation & Riding

Safe Riding Precautions .........................

Starting & Stopping the Engine .............

.

.

54

55

Preparation ..........................................

Starting Procedure ..............................

.

.

55

56

Flooded Engine ..................................

.

57

Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off

System ................................................

.

How to Stop the Engine

Shifting Gears

.....................

.

57

58

.........................................

.

59

Braking ...................................................

Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

.

61

.........

.

64

ABS Indicator

Parking

.....................................

....................................................

.

.

65

66

Theft-prevention Tips ........................

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ..........

.

.

69

71

Basic Operation & Riding

53

09/07/23 17:59:02 31MEWA00 0063 

Safe Riding Precautions

Before riding your motorcycle for the first time, please review the

Motorcycle Saf ety

section beginning on page 1, and the

Bef ore Riding

section beginning on page 35 .

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when riding, idling, or parking your motorcycle.

54

Basic Operation & Riding

09/07/23 17:59:12 31MEWA00 0064 

Always follow the proper starting procedure described below.

For your safety, avoid starting or operating the engine in an enclosed area such as a garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.

Your motorcycle can be started with the transmission in gear by pulling in the clutch lever before operating the starter.

Your motorcycle is equipped with a side stand ignition cut-off system. If the side stand is down –– the engine cannot be started unless the transmission is in neutral.

If the side stand is up –– the engine can be started in neutral, or in gear with the

Starting & Stopping the Engine

clutch lever pulled in. After starting with the side stand down, the engine will stop if the transmission is put in gear before raising the side stand.

Preparation

Before starting, insert the key, turn the ignition switch ON, and confirm the following:

The transmission is in neutral (neutral indicator is ON).

The engine stop switch is set to RUN.

The low oil pressure indicator is ON.

The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) is OFF.

The ABS indicator light is ON.

(NT700VA)

Basic Operation & Riding

55

09/07/23 17:59:20 31MEWA00 0065 

Starting & Stopping the Engine

The low oil pressure indicator should go off a few seconds after the engine starts.

If the low oil pressure indicator lights during operation, stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level.

Starting Procedure

This motorcycle has a fuel-injected engine with an automatic choke. Follow the procedure indicated below.

Any Air Temperature

1.

With the throttle completely closed, press the start button.

The engine will not start if the throttle is fully open (because the electronic control module cuts off the fuel supply).

Snapping the throttle or fast idling for more than about 5 minutes at normal air temperature may cause exhaust pipe discoloration.

56

Basic Operation & Riding

09/07/23 17:59:33 31MEWA00 0066 

Flooded Engine

3.

4.

5.

If the engine fails to start after repeated attempts, it may be flooded with excess fuel. To clear a flooded engine:

1.

2.

Leave the engine stop switch set to

RUN.

Open the throttle fully.

Press the start button for 5 seconds.

Follow the normal starting procedure.

If the engine starts, open the throttle slightly if idling is unstable.

If the engine does not start, wait 10 seconds, then follow steps 1

4 again.

If the engine still won’t start, refer to

If

Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start,

page 173 .

Starting & Stopping the Engine

Bank Angle Sensor Ignition

Cut-off System

Your motorcycle’s banking (lean angle) sensor system is designed to automatically stop the engine and fuel pump if the motorcycle is overturned.

Before restarting the engine, you must turn the ignition switch to the OFF position and then back to ON. The engine will not restart until you perform this procedure.

Basic Operation & Riding

57

09/07/23 17:59:41 31MEWA00 0067 

Starting & Stopping the Engine

How to Stop the Engine

Normal Engine Stop

To stop the engine, shift into neutral and turn the ignition switch OFF.

The engine stop switch should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

If your motorcycle is stopped with the engine stop switch OFF and the ignition switch ON, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Emergency Engine Stop

To stop the engine in an emergency, use the engine stop switch. To operate, press the switch to the OFF position.

58

Basic Operation & Riding

09/07/23 17:59:51 31MEWA00 0068  shifting pattern

Your motorcycle has five forward gears in a one-down, four-up shift pattern which is coordinated with a cable-operated clutch system.

Learning when to shift gears comes with experience. Keep the following tips in mind:

Shifting Gears

As a general rule, shift while moving in a straight line.

Close the throttle and pull the clutch lever in completely before shifting.

Improper shifting may damage the engine, transmission, and drive train.

Learn to recognize the engagement point as you release the clutch lever. It is at this point the transmission of power to the rear wheel resumes.

Upshift to a higher gear or reduce throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets too high. Learn the relationship between engine sound and the normal shifting points.

Downshift to a lower gear before you feel the engine laboring (lugging) at low rpm.

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

59

09/07/23 18:00:03 31MEWA00 0069 

Shifting Gears

Avoid downshifting to help slow your motorcycle when engine rpm is high.

Downshifting when engine speed is near its allowable maximum may overrev the engine and cause possible damage.

To prevent transmission damage, do not coast or tow the motorcycle for long distances with the engine off.

Recommended Shift Points

Ride in the highest gear that lets the engine run and accelerate smoothly. This will give you good fuel economy and effective emissions control. When changing gears under normal conditions, use these recommended shift points:

Shif ting Up:

From 1st to 2nd:

From 2nd to 3rd:

From 3rd to 4th:

From 4th to 5th:

12 mph (20 km/h)

19 mph (30 km/h)

25 mph (40 km/h)

31 mph (50 km/h)

Shif ting Down:

From 5th to 4th:

From 4th to 3rd:

22 mph (35 km/h)

16 mph (25 km/h)

Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops below 12 mph (20 km/h), when engine roughness is evident, or when engine stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st gear for acceleration.

60

Basic Operation & Riding

09/07/23 18:00:08 31MEWA00 0070 

Your motorcycle is equipped with a

Combined Braking System. Operating the front brake lever applies the front brake.

Operating the rear brake pedal applies the rear brake and a portion of the front brake.

For full braking effectiveness, use both the lever and pedal simultaneously, as you would with a conventional motorcycle braking system.

Braking

(NT700VA)

This model is also equipped with an Antilock Brake System (page 64 ).

(NT700V)

This model is not equipped with an Antilock Brake System. As with a conventional motorcycle braking system, excessively hard application of the brake controls may cause wheel lock, reducing control of the motorcycle.

Basic Operation & Riding

61

09/07/23 18:00:15 31MEWA00 0071 

Braking

As a general rule, the front braking system provides about 70 percent of total stopping power.

For full braking effectiveness, use both the pedal and lever simultaneously. Using both braking systems will stop your motorcycle faster with greater stability.

To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and brake pedal smoothly, while downshifting to match your speed.

Gradually increase braking as you feel the brakes slowing your speed. The increase in engine compression from downshifting will help slow your motorcycle.

To prevent stalling the engine, pull the clutch lever in before coming to a complete stop. For support, put your left foot down first, then your right foot when you have finished braking.

Applying the brakes too hard may cause the wheels to lock and slide, reducing control of your motorcycle. If this happens, release the brake controls, steer straight ahead until you regain control, then reapply the brakes more gently.

62

Basic Operation & Riding

09/07/23 18:00:22 31MEWA00 0072 

When possible, reduce your speed or complete braking before entering a turn.

Avoid braking or closing the throttle quickly while turning. Either action may cause one or both wheels to slip and reduce your control of your motorcycle.

Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake hard in an emergency situation are important riding skills. We suggest attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation experienced rider training course

(page 38 ) to retain these skills.

When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver and stop will be reduced. All of your actions should be smooth under these conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or turning may cause loss of control.

Braking

For your safety, exercise extreme caution when braking, accelerating or turning.

When descending a long, steep grade, use engine compression braking by downshifting, with intermittent use of both brakes. Continuous brake application can overheat the brakes and reduce their effectiveness.

Riding with your foot resting on the brake pedal or your hand on the brake lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a false indication to other drivers. It may also overheat the brakes, reducing effectiveness.

Basic Operation & Riding

63

09/07/23 18:00:31 31MEWA00 0073 

Braking

Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

(NT700VA)

This model is also equipped with an Antilock Brake System (ABS) designed to help prevent wheel lock up during hard braking on uneven or other poor surfaces while running straight. Although the wheel may not lock up if you are braking too hard in a turn the motorcycle can still lose traction, causing a loss of control.

In some situations, a motorcycle with ABS may require a longer stopping distance to stop on loose or uneven surfaces than an equivalent motorcycle without ABS.

ABS cannot make up for road conditions, bad judgment, or improper operation of

64

Basic Operation & Riding

the brakes. It is still your responsibility to ride at reasonable speeds for weather, road surface, and traffic conditions, and to leave a margin of safety.

ABS is self-checking and is always on.

ABS may be activated by riding over a sharp drop or rise in the road level.

It is important to follow the tire recommendations (page 148 ). The ABS computer works by comparing wheel speed. Non-recommended tires can affect wheel speed and may confuse the ABS computer.

ABS does not function at low speeds

(approximately 6 mph (10 km/h) or below).

ABS does not function if the battery is discharged.

09/07/23 18:00:39 31MEWA00 0074 

ABS Indicator

(NT700VA)

Normally, this indicator comes on when the ignition is turned ON, and goes off after you ride the motorcycle at a speed above 6 mph (10 km/h). If there is an ABS problem, the indicator flashes and remains on. The ABS system does not operate when the ABS indicator is on.

If the ABS indicator comes on while riding, stop the motorcycle in a safe place and turn off the engine.

Turn the ignition ON again. The indicator should come on, and go off after you ride the motorcycle at speeds above 6 mph (10 km/h). If it does not go off, ABS is not

Braking

functioning, but the brakes still work as part of the Combined Braking System and provide normal stopping ability. However, you should have the system checked by

Honda dealer as soon as possible.

The ABS indicator may flash if you turn the rear wheel while the motorcycle is upright on the stand. This is normal. Turn the ignition OFF, then turn it ON. The indicator should come on, then go off after you run the motorcycle above 19 mph (30 km/h).

Basic Operation & Riding

65

09/07/23 18:00:46 31MEWA00 0075 

Parking

1.

Look for a level parking area. If you can’t park on a paved surface, make sure the ground surface is firm, especially under the side stand.

If you must park on a hill, leave the transmission in gear and position the rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree angle.

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when parking your motorcycle. Refer to

Catalytic

Converters

, page 224 .

2.

Use the side stand to support the motorcycle while parked.

To lower the side stand, use your foot to guide it down. Remember that lowering the side stand with the transmission in gear will stop the engine, even if the clutch lever is pulled in. That is a function of the side stand ignition cut-off system.

Check that the side stand is down all the way so that the side stand ignition cut-off system (page 57 ) is activated.

66

Basic Operation & Riding

09/07/23 18:00:55 31MEWA00 0076 

If you have to park on a soft surface, insert something solid under the center stand for support.

To lower the center stand, stand on the left side of the motorcycle. Hold the left hand grip with your left hand and, with your right hand, grasp the holder above the passenger footpeg. Press down on the tip of the stand with your right foot and, simultaneously, pull up and back on the hand grip.

3.

Use the steering lock, which locks the handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar all the way to the left or right. Push in

LOCK. Remove the key.

(To unlock the steering lock, insert and push down on the key and turn it to the right to the OFF position.)

Parking

FRONT CENTER

(1)

To lock

(A)

(C)

(B)

(1) ignition key

(A)

To unlock

(A) push in

(B) turn to LOCK

(C) turn to UNLOCK

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

67

09/07/23 18:01:04 31MEWA00 0077 

Parking

LEFT UNDER SEAT

(2)

(3)

To install the two helmets, hook the

4 the helmet holder and install the seat to lock.

Remove the helmet set wire and store it in the plastic storage bag of the owner’s manual when it is not used.

LEFT UNDER SEAT

(2) helmet holder

(3) D-ring

4.

Use the helmet holder ( ) to secure your and your passenger’s helmets to your motorcycle:

2

Remove the seat (page

3

94 ).

onto the helmet holder and install the seat to lock it.

68

Basic Operation & Riding

(2)

(4) helmet set wire

(4)

09/07/23 18:01:12 31MEWA00 0078 

Riding with a helmet attached to the holder can interfere with the rear wheel or suspension and could cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Use the helmet holder only while parked. Do not ride with a helmet secured by the holder.

Parking

Theft-prevention Tips

Park your motorcycle in a locked garage whenever possible. If a garage isn’t available, park in a concealed area or in a well-lit area with enough pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.

Always take the ignition key with you.

Always use the steering lock (page 67 even if you’re parking for just a minute

), or two. A thief can easily push an unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.

In addition to the steering lock, use a good quality anti-theft device made specifically to lock a motorcycle to a secure object.

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

69

09/07/23 18:01:20 31MEWA00 0079 

Parking

If you decide to use an anti-theft device, select one of good quality and be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

The rear fender has a storage compartment to store a U-shaped lock under the seat. After storing, use the

1 lock. Some U-shaped locks may not be stored in the compartment due to their size or design.

UNDER SEAT

(1)

Keep your owner’s manual, current registration, and insurance information with your motorcycle. This will make it easier for the authorities to find you if your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.

(1) rubber band

70

Basic Operation & Riding

09/07/23 18:01:26 31MEWA00 0080 

Your motorcycle is designed to carry you and one passenger. Whenever you add a passenger or cargo, you must be careful not to exceed the total load limits for this vehicle (

Load Limits,

page 43 ). Make sure your cargo is properly secured

(

Loading Guidelines,

page 44 ).

Also consider adjusting the suspension

(page 132 ) for the extra load.

Be aware that carrying a passenger or heavy cargo can affect acceleration, braking, and handling.

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo

Before riding with a passenger, make sure your passenger is wearing the proper protective apparel (page 36 ).

Tell your passenger to hold the seat strap or your waist, lean with you in the turns, and keep their feet on the passenger footpegs at all times, even when the motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.

Basic Operation & Riding

71

09/07/23 18:01:29 31MEWA00 0081 

72

Basic Operation & Riding

09/07/23 18:01:40 31MEWA00 0082 

To help keep your motorcycle in good shape, this section includes a Maintenance

Schedule for required service, a list of periodic checks you should perform at least once a month, and step-by-step instructions for specific maintenance tasks.

You’ll also find important safety precautions, information on fuels and oils, and tips for keeping your Honda looking great.

For information about the exhaust emission and noise emission requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA) and the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), see page 217 .

For information about replacing fuses, see page 196 .

Servicing Your Honda

Maintenance, replacement or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any motorcycle repair establishment or individual using parts that are

‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance ............

.

76

Maintenance Safety ................................

Important Safety Precautions .............

.

.

77

78

Periodic Maintenance

Maintenance Schedule

.............................

...........................

.

.

80

82

Maintenance Record ...............................

.

87

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

73

09/07/23 18:02:01 31MEWA00 0083 

Servicing Your Honda

Service Preparations

Maintenance Component Locations ......

.

89

Owner’s Manual Storage ........................

Side Cover Removal ...............................

.

92

.

93

Seat Removal ..........................................

Middle Fairing Lid Removal ..................

.

.

94

95

Rear Fender Removal .............................

Left Fairing Pocket Removal .................

Right Fairing Pocket Removal ...............

.

.

.

96

98

99

Raising the Fuel Tank ........................

.

100

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel .....................................................

Engine Oil & Filter

Coolant

.............................

.

................................................

.

.

Air Cleaner .........................................

.

Final Drive Oil ....................................

.

101

104

114

118

120

Engine

Throttle ...............................................

.

Clutch System .....................................

Spark Plugs .........................................

.

.

123

125

129

Chassis

Suspension

Brakes

Tires

..........................................

.................................................

....................................................

.

.

.

Side Stand ...........................................

.

132

135

141

150

Electrical

Battery ................................................

.

151

Appearance Care ................................

.

156

74

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:02:16 31MEWA00 0084 

Servicing Your Honda

The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s performance.

Type of Inspection/Service

Pre-ride Inspection

Periodic Maintenance

Maintenance Schedule

Refer to page:

39

80

82

When Performed before every ride monthly

* interval on schedule

Who Performs you you your Honda dealer

**

** more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your motorcycle unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified

An optional tool kit may be available. Check with your Honda dealer’s parts department.

Servicing Your Honda

75

09/07/23 18:02:24 31MEWA00 0085 

The Importance of Maintenance

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s also a good way to protect your investment, get maximum performance, avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A properly maintained motorcycle will also help to reduce air pollution.

Remember, proper maintenance is the owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect your motorcycle before each ride, perform the periodic checks, and follow the

Maintenance Schedule in this section.

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before you ride can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the inspection and maintenance recommendations and schedules in this owner’s manual.

If your motorcycle overturns or is involved in a crash, be sure your Honda dealer inspects all major parts, even if you are able to make some of the repairs yourself.

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09/07/23 18:02:29 31MEWA00 0086 

This section includes instructions on how to perform some important maintenance tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills, you can perform many of these tasks with the tools provided with your motorcycle.

Other tasks that are more difficult and require special tools are best performed by professionals. Wheel removal should normally be handled only by a Honda technician or other qualified mechanic.

Instructions are included in this manual only to assist in emergency service.

Maintenance Safety

Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task.

Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions and precautions can cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the procedures and precautions in this owner’s manual.

Servicing Your Honda

77

09/07/23 18:02:37 31MEWA00 0087 

Maintenance Safety

Important Safety Precautions

Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance or repairs. This will help eliminate several potential hazards:

Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust.

Be sure there is adequate ventilation whenever you operate the engine.

Burns from hot motorcycle parts.

the engine and exhaust system cool

Let before touching.

Injury from moving parts.

Do not run the engine unless instructed to do so.

Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have the tools and skills required.

To help prevent the motorcycle from falling over, park it on a firm, level surface, using the center stand.

To reduce the possibility of a fire or explosion, be careful when working around gasoline. Use only non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away from all fuel-related parts.

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09/07/23 18:02:41 31MEWA00 0088 

Maintenance Safety

Remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. To ensure the best quality and reliability, use only new

Honda Genuine Parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement. If you have the tools and skills required for additional maintenance jobs, you can purchase an official Honda Service Manual

(page 228 ).

Servicing Your Honda

79

09/07/23 18:02:45 31MEWA00 0089 

Periodic Maintenance

In addition to the regularly scheduled maintenance (page 82 ) and daily pre-ride inspection (page 39 ), consider performing the periodic checks on the following page at least once a month, even if you haven’t ridden your motorcycle, or as often as once a week if you ride frequently or for long distances. It’s a good idea to perform this maintenance any time you clean your motorcycle.

Check the odometer reading and perform any scheduled maintenance checks that are needed (page 82 ). Remember, more frequent checks may be needed for riding in severe conditions.

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09/07/23 18:02:59 31MEWA00 0090 

Tires

&

Wheels

Fluids

Lights

Freeplay

Fuses

Nuts & Bolts

Periodic Maintenance

Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page

Examine the tread for wear (page 143 ).

142

Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of damage (page 143 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the entire surface.

Check the condition of the wheels.

).

Check the levels of the engine oil (page brake fluid (pages 137 138

108 ), coolant (page

), and final drive oil (page 120

115 ),

). Add the correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid level.

Make sure the headlight, position light, brakelight, taillight, license light and turn signals are working properly.

Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 125 ) and throttle grip

(page 123 ).

Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.

Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.

Servicing Your Honda

81

09/07/23 18:03:04 31MEWA00 0091 

Maintenance Schedule

The required Maintenance Schedule that follows specifies how often you should have your motorcycle serviced, and what things need attention. It is essential to have your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to maintain safe, dependable performance and proper emission control.

The service intervals in this Maintenance

Schedule are based on average riding conditions. Some items will need more frequent service if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.

Consult your Honda dealer for recommendations applicable to your individual needs and use.

Some items in the Maintenance Schedule can be performed with basic mechanical skills and hand tools. Procedures for these items are provided in this manual. Other items involve more extensive procedures and may require special training, tools, and equipment. We recommend that you have your Honda dealer perform these tasks unless you have advanced mechanical skills and the required tools and equipment. Procedures for such items in this schedule are provided in an official

Honda Service Manual available for purchase (page 228 ).

82

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:03:10 31MEWA00 0092 

If you do not feel capable of performing a given task or need assistance, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. If you decide to do your own maintenance, use only Honda

Genuine Parts or their equivalents for repair or replacement to ensure the best quality and reliability.

Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 39 ) and owner maintenance (page scheduled maintenance period.

82 ) at each

Maintenance Schedule

Each item on the maintenance schedule requires some mechanical knowledge.

Certain items (particularly those marked

* and

**

) may require more technical information and tools. Consult your

Honda dealer.

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 228 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your

Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

83

09/07/23 18:03:18 31MEWA00 0093 

Maintenance Schedule

Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes

& Procedures:

NOTES:

1.

At higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.

2.

Service more frequently if the motorcycle is ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.

3.

Replace every 2 years, or at indicated odometer interval, whichever comes first. Replacement requires mechanical skill.

Maintenance Procedures:

I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate, or replace, if necessary

C: clean

A: adjust

L: lubricate

R: replace

84

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:03:29 31MEWA00 0094 

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

FUEL LINE

THROTTLE OPERATION

AIR CLEANER

SPARK PLUGS

VALVE CLEARANCE

ENGINE OIL

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

2

ENGINE OIL FILTER

RADIATOR COOLANT

COOLING SYSTEM

SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY

SYSTEM

EVAPORATIVE EMISSION

CONTROL SYSTEM

3

0.6

1.0

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

8

12.8

I

I

12

19.2

16

25.6

I

I

20

32.0

I

I R

I

R

I R

I

I

R

R

INITIAL = 600 mi (1,000 km) or 1 month: R

I

REGULAR = EVERY 8,000 mi (12,800 km) or 12 months: R

R R

I

I

I

I

I

R

I

24

38.4

I

I

I

I

R

R

I I

Refer to page

123

118

129

104

104

114

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 228 ).

Servicing Your Honda

85

09/07/23 18:03:42 31MEWA00 0095 

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

**

**

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

FINAL DRIVE OIL

BRAKE FLUID

BRAKE PADS WEAR

BRAKE SYSTEM

BRAKELIGHT SWITCH

HEADLIGHT AIM

CLUTCH SYSTEM

SIDE STAND

SUSPENSION

NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS

WHEELS/TIRES

STEERING HEAD BEARINGS

3

0.6

1.0

I

I

I

I

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

I

I

I

8

12.8

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

12

19.2

R

I

I

16

25.6

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

20

32.0

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

24

38.4

R

R

I

I

I

I

I

Refer to page

120

136

139

135

125

150

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 228 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:03:51 31MEWA00 0096 

Maintenance Record

Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.

Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.

Odometer Date Performed By: Notes Miles (km)

600 (1,000)

4,000 (6,400)

8,000 (12,800)

12,000 (19,200)

16,000 (25,600)

20,000 (32,000)

Servicing Your Honda

87

09/07/23 18:03:57 31MEWA00 0097 

Maintenance Record

Odometer Miles (km)

24,000 (38,400)

28,000 (44,800)

32,000 (51,200)

36,000 (57,600)

40,000 (64,000)

44,000 (70,400)

48,000 (76,800)

52,000 (83,200)

56,000 (89,600)

60,000 (96,000)

64,000 (102,400)

68,000 (108,800)

Date Performed By: Notes

88

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:04:02 31MEWA00 0098 

Maintenance Component Locations

front brake fluid reservoir front brake lever clutch lever fuel fill cap throttle grip

Servicing Your Honda

89

09/07/23 18:04:08 31MEWA00 0099 

Maintenance Component Locations

coolant reserve tank rear brake fluid reservoir battery fuse box air cleaner spark plug front brake caliper rear brake caliper

90

Servicing Your Honda

rear brake pedal engine oil filler cap/dipstick

09/07/23 18:04:14 31MEWA00 0100 

Maintenance Component Locations

spark plug main fuse rear suspension spring pre-load adjuster final drive gear oil filler cap front brake caliper engine oil drain bolt engine oil filter owner’s manual final drive gear oil drain bolt

Servicing Your Honda

91

09/07/23 18:04:19 31MEWA00 0101 

Owner’s Manual Storage

Your motorcycle provides storage for the owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you for easy reference. Store your owner’s manual (and other documents) in the

46

1 saddlebag (page ).

Be careful not to flood this area when washing your motorcycle.

LEFT SIDE

(1) plastic storage bag

92

Servicing Your Honda

(1)

09/07/23 18:04:31 31MEWA00 0102 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The right side cover must be removed to remove the rear wheel. The left side cover must be removed to service the main fuse.

The right and left side covers can be removed in the same manner.

Removal

1.

Remove the seat (page 94 ).

2.

Release the tab ( ) and pull the side

2

1

3

Side Cover Removal

Installation

1.

5

2.

3.

Position the side cover so the prongs are aligned with the grommets.

Push the prong in.

LEFT SIDE

(4)

(5)

(3)

(2)

(1) tab

(2) side cover

(3) prongs

(1)

(4) grommets

(5) recess

Servicing Your Honda

93

09/07/23 18:04:44 31MEWA00 0103 

Seat Removal

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The seat must be removed to access the helmet holder, color label and emission label.

Removal

1.

2.

Open the left saddlebag (page

1

46 ).

Pull the lever ( ) and up the seat ( ) to unlock the seat catch ( ). Then pull the seat to back side.

3

3.

To avoid possible damage to the seat, do not drag or hit the seat.

Installation

1.

Install the fuel tank rubber.

2.

6

5

( ) under the frame and the rear prongs

94

Servicing Your Honda

3.

7 8

Then push down on the rear of the seat.

Close the left saddlebag (page 47 ).

Be sure the seat is locked securely in position after installation.

(7)

(5) (2)

(4)

(3)

(6) (8)

(1) lever

(2) seat

(3) seat catch

(4) fuel tank rubber

(1)

(5) front prong

(6) recess

(7) rear prongs

(8) rear stays

09/07/23 18:04:54 31MEWA00 0104 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The middle fairing lid must be removed for servicing the spark plug.

The right and left middle fairing lids can be removed in the same manner.

Removal

1.

2.

Remove the seat (page

1

94 ).

3.

4.

3

2

Release the tabs ( ) and pull out the

4

5

Installation

Installation can be done in the reverse order of removal.

Middle Fairing Lid Removal

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

(4)

(1)

(3)

(1) screw

(2) recess

(3) tabs

(4) prong

(5) lid

(5)

Servicing Your Honda

95

09/07/23 18:05:03 31MEWA00 0105 

Rear Fender Removal

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The rear fender must be removed for the rear wheel removal.

Removal

1.

2.

Open both the right and left saddlebags

(page 46 ).

Remove the bolts A ( ), bolts B ( )

3.

and screw ( ) then pull out the rear

4

3

Turn the socket ( ) counterclockwise, then pull it out.

5

3.

4.

5.

Installation

1.

Insert the socket to the rear fender and

2.

turn it clockwise.

Install the right edge of rear fender first, then insert the prongs ( ) into the

7

6

Install the left edge of rear fender.

Tighten the bolts A, bolts B and screw.

Close both the right and left saddlebags

(page 47 ).

96

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:05:08 31MEWA00 0106 

Rear Fender Removal

(2)

( 1 )

( 7 )

( 1 )

(3)

(2)

(1)

(1)

(1) bolts A

(2) bolts B

(3) screw

(4) rear fender

(5)

(5) socket

(6) prongs

(7) grommets

(6)

(4)

Servicing Your Honda

97

09/07/23 18:05:19 31MEWA00 0107 

Left Fairing Pocket Removal

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The fairing pockets must be removed to raise the fuel tank.

Removal

1.

2.

Remove the middle fairing lid

(page 95 ).

Remove the bolt A ( ).

3.

4.

5.

Open the left fairing pocket lid ( )

(page 48 ) and remove it.

2

5

3 4

Release the cables ( ) from the hook

7

Release the recess ( ) and remove the

Installation

Installation can be done in the reverse

98

Servicing Your Honda

order of removal.

LEFT SIDE

(5)

(7) (3)

(9)

(1) bolt A

(2) lid

(3) bolt B

(4) bolt C

(5) screws

(6)

(6) cables

(7) hook

(8) recess

(9) pocket

(1)

(2)

(4)

(8)

09/07/23 18:05:29 31MEWA00 0108 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The fairing pockets must be removed to raise the fuel tank.

Removal

1.

Remove the middle fairing lid

(page 95 ).

2.

3.

4.

5.

Open the right fairing pocket lid ( )

(page 48 ) and remove it.

2

5

3 4

Release the recess ( ) and remove the right fairing pocket ( ).

Installation

Installation can be done in the reverse order of removal.

Right Fairing Pocket Removal

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

(3)

(5)

(4)

(6)

(1)

(1) bolt A

(2) lid

(3) bolt B

(4) bolt C

(7)

(5) screws

(6) recess

(7) pocket

Servicing Your Honda

99

09/07/23 18:05:38 31MEWA00 0109 

Raising the Fuel Tank

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The fuel tank must be raised to service the air cleaner.

The fuel tank does not require draining for this procedure.

1.

2.

Remove the seat (page 94 ).

Remove left and right side fairing pockets (pages , ).

3.

4.

1 handlebar all the way to left and lock the steering (page 67 ).

Tie the fuel tank to the left side handlebar with the helmet set wire ( ) stored in the plastic storage bag of the owner’s manual.

2

LEFT SIDE

(1) fuel tank

(2) helmet set wire

100

Servicing Your Honda

( 1 )

(2)

09/07/23 18:05:48 31MEWA00 0110 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

Fuel Recommendation

type pump octane number unleaded

86 (or higher)

Use only unleaded fuel in your Honda.

The use of leaded fuel will damage the catalytic converter(s). If you ride your

Honda in a country where leaded fuel might be available, take precautions to use only unleaded fuel.

Fuel

Your engine is designed to use any unleaded gasoline that has a pump octane number of 86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service stations normally display the pump octane number. For information on the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 225 .

Use of lower octane gasoline can cause persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can lead to engine damage. Light pinging experienced while operating under a heavy load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause for concern.

If pinging or spark knock occurs at a steady engine speed under normal load, change brands of gasoline. If pinging or spark knock persists, consult your Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

101

09/07/23 18:05:58 31MEWA00 0111 

Fuel

Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.

Fuel Capacity

Fuel tank capacity:

5.20 US gal (19.7 )

The tank should be refilled as soon as possible when the fuel gauge needle enters the red band.

Refueling Procedure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

(3)

(1)

(1) ignition key

(2) fuel fill cap

(2)

(3) filler neck

1.

Insert the ignition key ( ) in the fuel

2

1

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:06:06 31MEWA00 0112 

2.

3.

Open the cap.

Add fuel until the level reaches the

3 overfilling the tank. There should be no fuel in the filler neck.

Fuel

4.

5.

After refueling, push the fuel filler cap closed until it snaps and locks.

Remove the ignition key from the cap.

Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.

Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks and flame away.

Handle fuel only outdoors.

Wipe up spills immediately.

Servicing Your Honda

103

09/07/23 18:06:12 31MEWA00 0113 

Engine Oil & Filter

Engine oil quality is a major factor that affects both the performance and the service life of the engine.

Using the proper oil (page 101 ) and filter, and regularly checking, adding, and changing oil will help extend your engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.

Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and deposits in the engine. Operating the engine with old or dirty oil can damage your engine. Running the engine with insufficient oil can cause serious damage to the engine and transmission.

Change the engine oil as specified in the maintenance schedule on page 85 .

When running in very dusty conditions, oil changes should be performed more frequently than specified in the maintenance schedule.

104

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:06:23 31MEWA00 0114 

Oil Recommendation

API classification

SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label

SAE 10W-30 viscosity

(weight)

JASO T 903 standard

MA

Engine Oil & Filter

suggested oil

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or an equivalent motorcycle oil.

Suggested oils are equal in performance to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label.

Servicing Your Honda

105

09/07/23 18:06:33 31MEWA00 0115 

Engine Oil & Filter

Your motorcycle does not need oil additives. Use the recommended oil.

Do not use oils with graphite or molybdenum additives. They may adversely affect clutch operation.

Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying a circular API ‘‘energy conserving’’ service label on the container. They may affect lubrication and clutch performance.

Other viscosities shown in the following chart may be used when the average temperature in your riding area is within the indicated range.

NOT RECOMMENDED OK

Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or castor based racing oils.

106

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:06:40 31MEWA00 0116 

Engine Oil & Filter

JASO T 903 standard

The JASO T 903 standard is an index for engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines.

There are two classes: MA and MB.

Oil conforming to the standard is labeled on the oil container. For example, the following label shows the MA classification.

(1)

(2)

(1) code number of the sales company of the oil

(2) oil classification

Servicing Your Honda

107

09/07/23 18:06:51 31MEWA00 0117 

Engine Oil & Filter

Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(2)

(3)

1.

2.

Park your motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3 5 minutes. Make sure the low oil pressure indicator goes off. If the indicator remains on, stop the engine immediately.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick ( ) and wipe it clean.

Hold the motorcycle in an upright position.

Insert the oil filler cap/dipstick until it seats, but don’t screw it in.

(1) oil filler cap/dipstick

(2) upper level mark

(3) lower level mark

108

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:07:01 31MEWA00 0118 

7.

8.

9.

Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and check the oil level.

If the oil is at or near the upper level

2 oil.

If the oil is below or near the lower

3 recommended oil until it reaches the upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)

Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.

Check for oil leaks.

Engine Oil & Filter

Changing Engine Oil & Filter

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very specific performance requirements. Use a new Honda Genuine oil filter or a filter of equal quality specified for your model.

Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in leaks or engine damage.

Servicing Your Honda

109

09/07/23 18:07:09 31MEWA00 0119 

Engine Oil & Filter

This procedure requires mechanical skill and professional tools such as a torque wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a means for disposing of the drained fluid

(page 170 ). If you do not have the skills or the tools, see your Honda dealer.

Drain the Engine Oil:

1.

Park your motorcycle on its center stand

2.

on a firm, level surface.

If the engine is cold, start it and let it

3.

− settle.

Place a drain pan under the engine oil

4.

To drain the oil, remove the oil filler cap/dipstick, engine oil drain bolt, and

LEFT FRONT, UNDER ENGINE

(2) (1)

(1) engine oil drain bolt

(2) sealing washer

110

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:07:17 31MEWA00 0120 

Engine Oil & Filter

RIGHT REAR, UNDER ENGINE

Install a New Oil Filter:

5.

3

6.

wrench and let the remaining oil drain out. Discard the oil filter in an approved manner (page 170 ).

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 170 ).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

(3)

(3) oil filter

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

111

09/07/23 18:07:29 31MEWA00 0121 

Engine Oil & Filter

7.

Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the

4

(4)

(4) rubber seal

8.

9.

Install the new oil filter and tighten it by hand.

Using an oil filter wrench attachment and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil filter to the specified torque:

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)

112

Servicing Your Honda

10.

Check the condition of the sealing washer on the engine oil drain bolt.

Replace the washer every other time the oil is changed.

Install the engine oil drain bolt and tighten it to the specified torque:

22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m)

Add Engine Oil:

11.

Fill the crankcase with the recommended oil (page 105 approximately:

12.

),

3.0 US qt (2.8 )

Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.

09/07/23 18:07:35 31MEWA00 0122 

Engine Oil & Filter

13.

14.

15.

16.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3 5 minutes.

Stop the engine and wait 2 3 minutes.

Check that the oil level is at the upper level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick

(page 108 ).

Check that there are no oil leaks.

If a torque wrench is not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Servicing Your Honda

113

09/07/23 18:07:44 31MEWA00 0123 

Coolant

Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system dissipates engine heat through the coolant jacket that surrounds the cylinder and cylinder head.

Maintaining the coolant will allow the cooling system to work properly and prevent freezing, overheating, and corrosion.

Coolant Recommendation

Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines. Check the antifreeze container label.

Use only distilled water as a part of the coolant solution. Water that is high in mineral content or salt may be harmful to the aluminum engine.

Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may cause premature wear of water pump seals or blockage of radiator passages.

Using tap water may cause engine damage.

The factory provides a 50/50 solution of antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.

This coolant solution is recommended for most operating temperatures and provides good corrosion protection.

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09/07/23 18:07:52 31MEWA00 0124 

Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze to less than 40% will not provide proper corrosion protection.

Increasing the concentration of antifreeze is not recommended because it decreases cooling system performance. Higher concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%) should only be used to provide additional protection against freezing. Check the cooling system frequently during freezing weather.

Coolant

Checking & Adding Coolant

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

RIGHT SIDE

(4)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) reserve tank

(2) UPPER level mark

(3) LOWER level mark

(4) reserve tank cap

Servicing Your Honda

115

09/07/23 18:08:03 31MEWA00 0125 

Coolant

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

With the engine at normal operating temperature, check the coolant level in

1

2

3

If the reserve tank is empty, or if coolant loss is excessive, check for leaks and see your Honda dealer for repair.

Remove the right middle fairing lid

(page 95 ).

4

Always add coolant to the reserve tank.

Do not attempt to add coolant by removing the radiator cap.

Add coolant to the reserve tank as required to bring the coolant level to the

UPPER level mark.

Install the reserve tank cap.

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Servicing Your Honda

Coolant Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

Coolant should be replaced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 228 ).

09/07/23 18:08:08 31MEWA00 0126 

Coolant

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

Removing the radiator cap while the engine is hot can cause the coolant to spray out, seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and radiator cool down before removing the radiator cap.

To properly dispose of drained coolant, refer to page 170

You & the Environment,

.

Servicing Your Honda

117

09/07/23 18:08:15 31MEWA00 0127 

Air Cleaner

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

Service the air cleaner more frequently if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.

Your Honda dealer can help you determine the correct service interval for your riding conditions.

Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very specific performance requirements. Use a new Honda Genuine air cleaner specified for your model or an air cleaner of equivalent quality.

Using the wrong air cleaner may result in premature engine wear.

Proper air cleaner maintenance can prevent premature engine wear or damage, expensive repairs, low engine power, poor gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.

Improper or lack of proper air cleaner maintenance can cause poor perf ormance and premature engine wear.

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09/07/23 18:08:25 31MEWA00 0128 

Replacement

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Raise the fuel tank (page 100 ).

Remove the air cleaner housing cover

1 2

Remove the air cleaner ( ).

Discard the air cleaner.

Install a new air cleaner.

3

Install the removed parts in reverse order of removal.

(3)

(1)

(2)

Air Cleaner

(2)

(1) air cleaner housing cover

(2) screws

(3) air cleaner

Servicing Your Honda

119

09/07/23 18:08:35 31MEWA00 0129 

Final Drive Oil

Oil Recommendation

type viscosity

(weight) hypoid gear oil

SAE 80

Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

LEFT REAR

(2)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Place the motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

1

Check the oil level. It should be flush with the lower edge of the oil filler hole

2

If the level is low, check for leaks. Add the recommended oil through the oil filler hole until it reaches the lower edge of the opening.

Install the oil filler cap and tighten to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

(1)

(1) oil filler cap

(2) oil filler hole

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09/07/23 18:08:47 31MEWA00 0130 

Changing Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

LEFT REAR

(4)

(2)

(1)

(1) oil drain bolt

(2) oil filler cap

(3) sealing washer

(4) oil filler hole

(3)

Final Drive Oil

Change the oil with the final drive at normal operating temperature to assure complete and rapid draining.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Place the motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

Place a drain pan under the oil drain

1

2

3

After the oil has completely drained, check that the sealing washer is in good condition. Reinstall the oil drain bolt with its sealing washer (or a new washer, if necessary) and tighten it to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

121

09/07/23 18:08:54 31MEWA00 0131 

Final Drive Oil

5.

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 170 ).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

6.

Fill the final drive with the recommended oil:

7.

4.4 US oz (130 cm )

Make sure the final drive oil level is at

4

Install the oil filler cap and tighten to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

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09/07/23 18:09:06 31MEWA00 0132 

Throttle Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(3)

(1) throttle cable boot

(2) adjuster

(3) lock nut

(2)

Throttle

Inspection

Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.

Freeplay:

1/16 − 1/4 in (2 − 6 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Adjustment

1.

1

2.

3.

4.

5.

Loosen the lock nut ( ).

Turn the adjuster.

3

After adjustment, check for smooth rotation of the throttle grip from fully closed to fully open in all steering positions.

Tighten the lock nut and return the throttle cable boot securely over the adjuster.

Servicing Your Honda

123

09/07/23 18:09:12 31MEWA00 0133 

Throttle

Throttle Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

1.

2.

Check that the throttle assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Check for smooth rotation of the throttle from fully open to fully closed in all steering positions. If there is a problem, see your Honda dealer.

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:09:19 31MEWA00 0134 

Your motorcycle’s manually activated, wet, multiplate clutch is part of the primary drive system. Proper freeplay adjustment allows a smooth, gradual engagement when shifting gears.

Improper freeplay adjustment can cause premature clutch wear.

Clutch System

Clutch Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(1) clutch lever

Servicing Your Honda

125

09/07/23 18:09:31 31MEWA00 0135 

Clutch System

Inspection

1.

Check freeplay:

3/8 − 13/16 in (10 − 20 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Upper Adjustment

Attempt adjustment with the upper clutch cable adjuster first.

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(2)

( ( ) )

(3)

( ( ) )

(2) upper lock nut

(3) upper clutch cable adjuster

( + ) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

1.

2.

3.

Turn the upper clutch cable adjuster ( ) to obtain the specified freeplay.

3

Tighten the upper lock nut and check the freeplay again.

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:09:43 31MEWA00 0136 

Lower Adjustment

If the upper clutch cable adjuster is threaded out near its limit, or the correct freeplay cannot be obtained, attempt adjustment with the lower clutch cable adjuster.

RIGHT SIDE

(5)

(4)

( ( ) )

( − )

Clutch System

1.

2.

3.

4.

2

3 the way in (to provide maximum freeplay). Tighten the upper lock nut.

4

5 obtain the specified freeplay.

Tighten the lower lock nut and check the adjustment.

(4) lower lock nut

(5) lower adjusting nut

( + ) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

127

09/07/23 18:09:50 31MEWA00 0137 

Clutch System

5.

Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in, and shift into gear. Make sure the engine does not stall and the motorcycle does not creep. Gradually release the clutch lever and open the throttle. Your motorcycle should move smoothly and accelerate gradually.

If you cannot get proper adjustment, or the clutch does not work properly, the cable or clutch friction discs may be worn. See your Honda dealer or refer to the official

Honda Service Manual (page 228 ).

Other Inspections & Lubrication

Check that the clutch lever assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Check the clutch cable for kinks or signs of wear. If necessary, have it replaced.

Lubricate the clutch cable with a commercially available cable lubricant to prevent premature wear and corrosion.

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:10:01 31MEWA00 0138 

Spark Plug Recommendation

standard spark plug

CPR8EA − 9 (NGK) or

U24EPR9 (DENSO)

Use only the recommended type of spark plugs in the recommended heat range.

Using spark plugs with an improper heat range can cause engine damage.

Spark Plugs

Spark Plug Inspection &

Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

1.

2.

3.

Remove the right and left middle fairing lid (page 95 ).

1

Take care to avoid damaging the spark plug wire when disconnecting the caps.

Clean any dirt from around the spark plug bases.

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

129

09/07/23 18:10:08 31MEWA00 0139 

Spark Plugs

4.

Using a spark plug wrench, remove the spark plugs.

RIGHT SIDE

5.

6.

Inspect the electrodes and center porcelain for deposits, corrosion, or carbon fouling. If the corrosion or deposits are heavy, replace the plug.

Clean a carbon or wet-fouled plug with a plug cleaner, if available, or a wire brush.

Check the spark plug gap ( ) of each new plug, using a wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is necessary, bend

3

The gap should be:

0.031

0.035 in (0.80

0.90 mm)

(1)

(1) spark plug cap

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:10:18 31MEWA00 0140 

(2)

(3)

(2) spark plug gap (3) side electrode

7.

With the plug washers attached, thread the spark plugs in by hand to prevent cross-threading.

Spark Plugs

8.

Tighten each spark plug:

If the old plug is good:

1/8 turn after it seats.

If installing a new plug, tighten it twice to prevent loosening: a) First, tighten the plug: b) c)

NGK:

DENSO:

1/2

3/4 turn after it seats.

turn after it seats.

Then loosen the plug.

Next, tighten the plug again:

1/8 turn after it seats.

An improperly tightened spark plug can damage the engine. If a plug is too loose, a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight, the threads may be damaged.

9.

Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care to avoid pinching any cables or wires.

Servicing Your Honda

131

09/07/23 18:10:26 31MEWA00 0141 

Suspension

Your front and rear suspension systems use springs and hydraulic damping devices that suspend your weight and most of the weight of your motorcycle.

The spring pre-load for your rear suspension system adjusts the amount of force required to begin compression of the spring.

The oil damper systems hydraulically control the natural compression and rebound of the suspension springs so that traction and comfort are maintained as the wheels ride over road surfaces.

Consider adjusting your rear suspension pre-load whenever you change your normal load, when adding or subtracting a passenger, cargo, or accessories, or when the road or riding conditions change.

The way you ride your motorcycle and the type of ride you want to experience can also influence your suspension needs.

Lower spring pre-load provides a softer ride and is usually preferred for light loads and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load provides a firmer ride and is recommended for heavy loads, rough road conditions, and faster, more challenging riding.

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09/07/23 18:10:33 31MEWA00 0142 

Rear Suspension Adjustment

The rear suspension can be adjusted for rider (and passenger) weight and riding conditions by changing the spring pre-load.

The rear shock absorber includes a damper unit that contains high pressure nitrogen gas. Do not attempt to disassemble, service, or dispose of the damper; see your

Honda dealer. The instructions found in this owner’s manual are limited to adjustments of the shock assembly only.

Suspension

Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

LEFT SIDE

(3)

(2)

(1)

(1) adjuster knob

(2) end of the adjuster knob

(3) indicator line

Servicing Your Honda

133

09/07/23 18:10:44 31MEWA00 0143 

Suspension

The spring pre-load adjuster knob ( ) has

40

1 spring pre-load positions (clicks) or more for different load or riding conditions.

To adjust the spring pre-load, turn the

To adjust to the standard position:

1.

Turn the spring pre-load adjuster knob

1

2.

longer turn (lightly seats).

This is the full LOW setting.

11

At that position, the end of the adjuster

To Reduce Spring Pre-load (LOW):

For a light load and smooth road conditions, turn the adjuster counterclockwise toward LOW.

To Increase Spring Pre-load (HIGH):

For a firmer ride and rough road conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise toward HIGH.

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:10:54 31MEWA00 0144 

The hydraulic braking systems on your motorcycle dissipate the heat generated by the friction of the brake pads on the brake discs as the wheels are slowed.

As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid level will drop. A leak in the system will also cause the level to drop.

Frequently inspect the system to ensure there are no fluid leaks. Periodically inspect the brake fluid level and the brake pads for wear.

If the brake lever or brake pedal freeplay does not feel within the normal range while riding, check the brake pads for wear (page 139 ). Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, there is probably

Brakes

air in the brake system. See your Honda dealer to have the air bled from the system.

Front Brake Lever Adjustment

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The distance between the tip of the brake lever and the grip may be adjusted.

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(4)

(1)

(3) (2)

(1) adjuster

(2) arrow

(3) brake lever

(4) index mark

Servicing Your Honda

135

09/07/23 18:11:03 31MEWA00 0145 

Brakes

1.

2.

3.

Turn the adjuster ( ) while pushing the lever forward.

1

3

2

4 adjuster.

Apply the brake, release it, then spin the wheel and check that it rotates freely.

Repeat this procedure several times.

Brake Fluid Recommendation

brake fluid

Honda DOT 4 Brake

Fluid

The recommended brake fluid is Honda

DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of equal quality and performance. Use fresh brake fluid from a sealed container. Be sure to read the label before opening the sealed container. An opened container may be contaminated or may have absorbed moisture from the air.

136

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:11:11 31MEWA00 0146 

Fluid Level Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

If your inspection indicates a low fluid level, have your Honda dealer add the recommended brake fluid.

Do not add or replace brake fluid, except in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have your Honda dealer check the system as soon as possible.

Brake f luid can damage plastic and painted surf aces. Handle with care.

Brakes

Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid brake fluid contact with skin or eyes. If it comes in contact with your eyes, wash them out with clean water and immediately call a doctor. If it comes in contact with your skin, wash with clean water and, if necessary, call a doctor.

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(front brake)

(1)

(1) LOWER level mark

Servicing Your Honda

137

09/07/23 18:11:21 31MEWA00 0147 

Brakes

RIGHT SIDE

(rear brake)

(2) UPPER level mark

(3) LOWER level mark

1.

Place your motorcycle in an upright position on a firm, level surface.

(2)

(3)

2.

Check the fluid level.

Front : It should be above the LOWER

1

Rear : It should be between the UPPER

2 3

If the level is at or below the LOWER level mark, check the brake pads for wear (page 139 ).

Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, have your brake system inspected for leaks.

Other Inspections

Make sure there are no fluid leaks.

Check for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and fittings.

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:11:31 31MEWA00 0148 

Brakes

Front Brake

LEFT FRONT (right side similar)

Brake Pad Wear

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

Brake pad wear depends upon the severity of usage, the type of riding, and road conditions. Generally, the pads will wear faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the pads at each regular maintenance interval

(page 86 ).

Always inspect both pads in both the right and left brake calipers.

(1) cutouts

(1) pad is worn to the cutout, replace both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer for this service.

Servicing Your Honda

139

09/07/23 18:11:37 31MEWA00 0149 

Brakes

Rear Brake

RIGHT REAR

1 pad is worn to the cutout, replace both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer for this service.

(1)

(1) cutouts

140

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09/07/23 18:11:44 31MEWA00 0150 

To safely operate your motorcycle, your tires must be the proper type and size, in good condition with adequate tread, and correctly inflated for the load you are carrying.

Using tires that are excessively worn or improperly inflated can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding tire inflation and maintenance.

The following pages give detailed information on how and when to check

Tires

your air pressure, how to inspect your tires for wear and damage, and our recommendations for tire repair and replacement.

Air Pressure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

Properly inflated tires provide the best combination of handling, tread life, and riding comfort. Generally, underinflated tires wear unevenly, adversely affect handling, and are more likely to fail from being overheated. Overinflated tires make your motorcycle ride harshly, are more prone to damage from road hazards, and wear unevenly.

Servicing Your Honda

141

09/07/23 18:11:53 31MEWA00 0151 

Tires

We recommend that you visually check your tires before every ride and use an air pressure gauge to measure the air pressure at least once a month or any time you think the tires might be low. Even tires that are in good condition may lose one to two psi per month if not checked and adjusted regularly.

Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.

However, because leakage is often very slow, you should look closely for punctures whenever a tire is not fully inflated.

Always check air pressure when your tires are ‘‘cold’’, after the motorcycle has been parked for at least three hours. If you check air pressure when your tires are

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Servicing Your Honda

‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has only been ridden for a few miles –– the readings will be higher. If you let air out of warm tires to match the recommended cold pressures, the tires will be underinflated.

The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures are: front rear

36 psi (250 kPa ,

2.50 kgf/cm )

42 psi (290 kPa ,

2.90 kgf/cm )

09/07/23 18:12:03 31MEWA00 0152 

Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

Whenever you check the tire pressures, you should also look for:

Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire or the tread. Replace any tire that has a bump or bulge.

Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.

Replace the tire if you can see fabric or cord.

Nails or other foreign objects embedded in the side of the tire or tread.

Excessive tread wear.

Tires

Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object while riding, pull to the side of the road as soon as you safely can and carefully inspect the tires for damage.

Tread Wear

(1)

(2)

(1) wear indicator

(2) wear indicator location mark

Servicing Your Honda

143

09/07/23 18:12:11 31MEWA00 0153 

Tires

For the best performance, you should replace a tire before the tread depth at the center reaches the following limits: front 0.06 in (1.5 mm) rear 0.08 in (2.0 mm)

If the wear indicators are visible, replace the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.

Tire Service Life

The service life of your tires is dependent on many factors, including, but not limited to, riding habits, road conditions, vehicle loading, tire pressure, maintenance history, speed, and environmental conditions (even when the tires are not in use).

In addition to your regular inspections and tire pressure maintenance, it is recommended that you have annual

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Servicing Your Honda

inspections performed once the tires reach

5 years old. It is also recommended that all tires be removed from service after 10 years from the date of manufacture, regardless of their condition or state of wear.

The last four digits of the TIN (tire identification number) ( ) are found on the sidewall of the tire, and indicate the date of manufacture.

09/07/23 18:12:19 31MEWA00 0154 

Tire Identification Number (TIN)

The tire identification number (TIN) is a group of numbers and letters that look like the following example. The TIN is located on the sidewall of the tire.

DOT

×××× ××××

(2) (3)

22 07

(4)

DOT

This indicates that the tire meets all requirements of the U.S. Department of

Transportation.

(2)

(3)

(4)

×××× −

×××× −

22 07

Factory code

Tire type code

Date of manufacture

Year

Week

Tires

TIRE LABELING EXAMPLE

(1)

(1) tire identification number (TIN)

Servicing Your Honda

145

09/07/23 18:12:25 31MEWA00 0155 

Tires

Tire Repair

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire that is punctured or damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is repaired, either temporarily or permanently, will have lower speed and performance limits than a new or undamaged tire.

A temporary repair can sometimes be made in an emergency situation.

However, since a temporary repair may not hold, you must ride very slowly, preferably without any cargo or passenger, and have the tire replaced or permanently repaired as soon as possible.

(For more information on temporary repairs, see

If You Have a Flat Tire,

page 178 .)

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:12:32 31MEWA00 0156 

A permanent repair, such as an internal plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a small puncture in the tread area. With such a repair, you should not exceed 50 mph

(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph

(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In addition, you may not be able to safely carry as much weight. If you choose to have a tire repaired, be sure the repair work is performed by a professional and that the wheel is balanced before you ride.

If you have a tire professionally repaired at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your

Honda dealer.

Tires

Tire Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The tires that came on your motorcycle were designed to match the performance capabilities of your motorcycle and provide the best combination of handling, braking, durability, and comfort.

Servicing Your Honda

147

09/07/23 18:12:44 31MEWA00 0157 

Tires

When replacing, use the original equipment tires or equivalent tires of the same size, construction, speed rating, and load range as the originals.

Installing improper tires on your motorcycle can affect handling and stability. This can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always use the size and type of tires recommended in this owner’s manual.

The recommended tires for your motorcycle are: front 120/70ZR17M/C (58W) rear type

BRIDGESTONE

BT020F RADIAL J

150/70ZR17M/C (69W)

BRIDGESTONE

BT020R RADIAL U radial, tubeless

Whenever you replace a tire, remember:

Have the wheel balanced after the tire is installed.

Have the tire replaced by your Honda dealer if possible.

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:12:50 31MEWA00 0158 

If you have a tire professionally replaced at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your

Honda dealer.

Important Safety Reminders

Do not install a tube inside a tubeless tire on this motorcycle. Excessive heat build-up can cause the tube to burst.

Use only tubeless tires on this motorcycle. The rims are designed for tubeless tires, and during hard acceleration or braking, a tube-type tire could slip on the rim and cause the tire to rapidly deflate.

Tires

Servicing Your Honda

149

09/07/23 18:13:03 31MEWA00 0159 

Side Stand

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

LEFT SIDE

(1)

2.

3.

4.

Check the spring for damage or loss of tension.

Check the side stand ignition cut-off system:

1.

Sit on the motorcycle and put the transmission in neutral.

Raise the side stand.

Start the engine.

Pull the clutch lever in.

5.

6.

Shift the transmission into gear.

Lower the side stand all the way.

The engine should stop as you lower the side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop, see your Honda dealer for service.

(1) side stand spring

Check that the side stand assembly is working properly. If the side stand is stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean grease.

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Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:13:11 31MEWA00 0160 

Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free type battery. You do not have to check the battery electrolyte level or add distilled water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.

Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type and can be permanently damaged if the cap strip is removed.

Electrical accessories use current from the battery, even when the ignition is OFF.

Limited operation also allows the battery to discharge. If you have electrical accessories on your motorcycle or do not ride frequently, we recommend that you charge the battery frequently (see

Battery

Charging,

page 155 ).

Battery

If you do not expect to ride your motorcycle for at least two weeks, we recommend you remove the battery, or at least disconnect the battery cables

(negative cable first).

If you plan to store your motorcycle, see

Battery Storage,

page 152 .

If your battery seems weak and/or is leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting or other electrical problems), see your

Honda dealer.

WARNING:

compounds.

handling.

Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead

Wash your hands after

Servicing Your Honda

151

09/07/23 18:13:19 31MEWA00 0161 

Battery

Battery Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

If you plan to store your motorcycle, we recommend you remove the battery and store it where it can be charged at least every 30 days to maintain its service life.

If you do not remove the battery, we recommend disconnecting the battery cables (negative cable first).

You will get the best storage results from removing the battery and slow charging it every 30 days (see page 155 ).

Battery Charging,

Before you remove the battery, be sure to read all the information that follows, as well as the information on the battery label.

The battery gives off explosive hydrogen gas during normal operation.

A spark or flame can cause the battery to explode with enough force to kill or seriously hurt you.

Wear protective clothing and a face shield, or have a skilled mechanic do the battery maintenance.

152

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:13:31 31MEWA00 0162 

Battery

The battery is located in the battery box below the seat.

Removal

1.

Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.

2.

3.

Remove the seat (page 94 ).

Release the rings and remove the rubber

4.

5.

6.

Disconnect the negative ( ) terminal

2

Disconnect the positive ( ) terminal

3

Pull the battery ( ) out of the battery box.

4

UNDER SEAT

(3)

(4)

(2)

(1)

(1) rubber band

(2) negative ( − ) terminal lead

(3) positive ( + ) terminal lead

(4) battery

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

153

09/07/23 18:13:41 31MEWA00 0163 

Battery

7.

8.

9.

10.

Charge the battery (see following section), unless you have been riding regularly.

Store your battery in an easy-to-reach location off the floor, in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight.

Clean the battery box after removing the battery for storage. Dry the battery box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the area.

Slow charge the battery (see following section) once every 30 days.

Installation

1.

Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.

2.

3.

− terminal.

Check all bolts and other fasteners are secure.

Install the remaining parts in the reverse order of removal.

154

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:13:48 31MEWA00 0164 

Battery Charging

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

(1)

(1) charger

Be sure to read the information that came with your battery charger and follow the instructions on the battery. Improper charging may damage the battery.

Battery

1 designed specifically for your Honda, which can be purchased from your Honda dealer. These units can be left connected for long periods without risking damage to the battery. However, do not intentionally leave the charger connected longer than the time period recommended in the charger’s instructions.

Avoid using an automotive-type battery charger. An automotive charger can overheat a motorcycle battery and cause permanent damage.

Servicing Your Honda

155

09/07/23 18:13:58 31MEWA00 0165 

Appearance Care

Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep your Honda looking newer longer.

Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an owner who values your motorcycle. A clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect and service.

General Recommendations

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

To clean your motorcycle, you may use:

− water

− a mild, neutral detergent and water

− a mild spray and wipe cleaner/ polisher

− a mild spray and rinse cleaner/ degreaser and water

Avoid products that contain harsh detergents or chemical solvents that could damage the metal, paint, and plastic on your motorcycle.

If your motorcycle is still warm from recent operation, give the engine and exhaust system time to cool off.

Park in a shady area. Washing your motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause the finish to fade because water droplets intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting is also more likely because surface water can dry before you have time to wipe it off.

Clean your motorcycle regularly to protect surface finishes.

156

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:14:04 31MEWA00 0166 

We recommend the use of a garden hose to wash your motorcycle. High pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

High pressure water (or air) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

Appearance Care

After cleaning, inspect for damage, wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and brake fluid).

Servicing Your Honda

157

09/07/23 18:14:13 31MEWA00 0167 

Appearance Care

Washing Your Motorcycle with a

Mild Detergent

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

1.

2.

3.

Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with cool water to remove loose dirt.

Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a mild, neutral detergent, such as dish washing liquid or a product made especially for washing motorcycles or automobiles.

Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or a soft towel. As you wash, check for heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.

4.

5.

Clean the windscreen with a soft cloth or sponge and plenty of water. Dry with a soft clean cloth. Remove minor scratches with a commercially available plastic polishing compound.

Take care to keep brake fluid or chemical solvents off the fairing. They will damage the plastic.

Clean the headlight, fairing, meter lens and other plastic parts using a cloth or sponge dampened with a solution of mild detergent and water. When cleaning the plastic headlight lens, use more care because it will scratch easier than a glass lens. Rub any soiled area, gently rinsing it frequently with fresh water.

158

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:14:20 31MEWA00 0168 

6.

7.

8.

9.

After washing, rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with plenty of clean water to remove any residue. Detergent residue can corrode alloy parts.

Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or a soft towel. Leaving water on the surface to air dry can cause dulling and water spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and scratches.

Start the engine and let it idle for several minutes. The engine heat will help dry moist areas.

As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at a slow speed and apply the brakes several times. This will help dry the brakes and restore normal braking performance.

Appearance Care

If the inside of the headlight lens appears clouded immediately after washing, it should clear after a few minutes of riding.

Servicing Your Honda

159

09/07/23 18:14:26 31MEWA00 0169 

Appearance Care

Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

Avoid using spray cleaner products on the tires or suspension components.

Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s) follow:

160

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:14:36 31MEWA00 0170 

Motorcycle Condition

Dust and fingerprint smudges.

Light road grime.

Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake dust.

Dull, corroded chrome or aluminum.

Appearance Care

Recommended Cleaning

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.

Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.

Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.

If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Servicing Your Honda

161

09/07/23 18:14:46 31MEWA00 0171 

Appearance Care

Painted Aluminum Wheel

Maintenance

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

Aluminum may corrode from contact with dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels after riding through any of these substances. Use a wet sponge and mild detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool, or cleaners containing abrasives or chemical compounds.

After washing, rinse with plenty of water and dry with a clean cloth.

If the paint is chipped, apply touch-up paint.

162

Servicing Your Honda

Exhaust Pipe and Muffler

Maintenance

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

The exhaust pipe and muffler are stainless steel but may become stained by mud or dust.

To remove mud or dust, use a wet sponge and a liquid kitchen abrasive, then rinse well with clean water. Dry with chamois or a soft towel.

If necessary, remove heat stains by using a commercially available fine texture compound. Then rinse by the same manner as removing mud or dust.

09/07/23 18:14:53 31MEWA00 0172 

Finishing Touches

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

After washing your motorcycle, consider using a commercially available spray cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the polish or wax according to the instructions on the container.

If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped or scratched, your Honda dealer has touchup paint to match your motorcycle’s color.

Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color code (page paint.

208 ) when you buy touch-up

Appearance Care

If the frame has a chip that exposes the metal, first apply primer (to prevent corrosion) and then apply the touch-up paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint are better than one thick coat.

Servicing Your Honda

163

09/07/23 18:14:55 31MEWA00 0173 

164

Servicing Your Honda

09/07/23 18:15:01 31MEWA00 0174 

Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store and transport your Honda, and how to be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.

Tips

Storing Your Honda ...........................

Transporting Your Motorcycle ..........

.

.

You & the Environment .....................

.

166

169

170

Tips

165

09/07/23 18:15:10 31MEWA00 0175 

Storing Your Honda

If you won’t be riding for an extended period, such as during the winter, thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and correct any problem before storing it. That way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten and it will be easier to get your motorcycle running again.

For more information about storage, refer to the

Honda Winter Storage Guide,

available from your Honda dealer.

We suggest you perform the following procedures to keep your motorcycle in top condition. These storage procedures will reduce the deterioration that can occur during storage.

Preparation for Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

1.

2.

3.

Change the engine oil and filter

(page 109 ).

Make sure the cooling system is filled with a 50/50% antifreeze solution

(page 115 ).

Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill cap is properly installed.

166

Tips

09/07/23 18:15:20 31MEWA00 0176 

4.

To prevent rusting in the cylinders, perform the following:

Remove the spark plug caps from the spark plugs. Using tape or string, secure the caps to any convenient plastic body part so that they are positioned away from the spark plugs.

Remove the spark plugs from the engine and store them in a safe place.

Do not connect the spark plugs to the spark plug caps.

Pour a tablespoon (15 20 cc) of clean engine oil into each cylinder and cover the spark plug holes with a piece of cloth.

With the engine stop switch in the

RUN position, press the start button several times to crank the engine and distribute the oil.

Storing Your Honda

5.

6.

Reinstall the spark plugs and spark plug caps.

Remove the battery and charge it fully.

Store it in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight. Slow charge the battery

(page 155 ) once a month.

Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all painted surfaces. Apply rust-inhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.

Tips

(cont’d)

167

09/07/23 18:15:32 31MEWA00 0177 

Storing Your Honda

7.

8.

9.

10.

Inflate the tires to their recommended pressures (page 141 ).

Store your motorcycle in an unheated area, free of dampness, away from sunlight, with a minimum of daily temperature variation.

Place your motorcycle on blocks to lift both tires off the floor.

Cover your motorcycle with a porous material. Avoid using plastic or similar non-breathing, coated materials that restrict air flow and allow heat and moisture to accumulate.

Removal from Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Uncover and clean your motorcycle.

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than four months –– change the engine oil (page 109 ).

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than two months –– ask your

Honda dealer to drain and replace the fuel.

Charge the battery (page 155 required. Install the battery.

) as

Perform a pre-ride inspection (page

39

), then test-ride your motorcycle at low speeds.

168

Tips

09/07/23 18:15:37 31MEWA00 0178 

If your motorcycle needs to be transported, it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer, or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. Do not tow your motorcycle, as towing can seriously damage the transmission.

When contacting a towing or transporting service, be sure to ask if they have a flatbed area, a loading ramp or power ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and motorcycle tie-down straps.

Transporting Your Motorcycle

Tips

169

09/07/23 18:15:43 31MEWA00 0179 

You & the Environment

Owning and riding a motorcycle can be enjoyable, but you must do your part to protect nature.

Following are tips on how you can be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.

Choose Sensible Cleaners.

Use a biodegradable detergent when you wash your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray cleaners that contain chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which damage the atmosphere’s protective ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning solvents away; see the following guidelines for proper disposal.

Recycle Wastes.

It’s illegal and thoughtless to put used engine oil in the trash, down a drain, or on the ground.

Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and cleaning solvents contain poisons that can hurt refuse workers and contaminate our drinking water, lakes, rivers, and oceans. Before changing your oil, make sure you have the proper containers. Put oil and other toxic wastes in separate sealed containers and take them to a recycling center. Call your local or state office of public works or environmental services to find a recycling center in your area, and to get instructions on how to dispose of non-recyclable wastes.

170

Tips

09/07/23 18:15:55 31MEWA00 0180 

This section discusses the more common problems that can occur with your motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells you how to evaluate each problem and what actions you can take to try to resume riding. If the problem cannot be safely solved, this section also gives instructions on the proper way to have your motorcycle transported.

For information about transporting your motorcycle, see page 169 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines .............................

If Your Engine Quits or

.

Won’t Start .........................................

If You Have a Flat Tire ......................

.

.

If Your Engine Overheats ..................

If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator

.

Lights ..................................................

If a Fuse Blows

If You Crash

...................................

.......................................

.

.

.

If You Lose Your Key .......................

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ......

.

.

172

173

178

193

195

196

201

202

203

Taking Care of the Unexpected

171

09/07/23 18:16:03 31MEWA00 0181 

Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is the best way to reduce the possibility of having a problem on the road.

Remember to take along your owner’s manual, proper tools, and any other items

(such as tire repair supplies and additional tools) that might help you solve a problem on your own.

Should you ever have a problem while riding, please follow these guidelines:

Always put personal safety first.

Take time to assess the situation and your options before deciding what to do.

If the problem is relatively minor and you have the tools, supplies, and skills to make a temporary repair, be sure to have permanent repairs made as soon as possible.

Do not continue riding if you are hurt or your motorcycle is not in safe riding condition.

Additional recommendations for specific problems follow.

172

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:16:09 31MEWA00 0182 

Proper operation and maintenance can prevent starting and engine performance problems. In many cases, the cause of the problem may be a simple operational oversight.

If you have a problem starting the

− may help you. If you can’t correct the problem, see your Honda dealer.

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as you press the start button. If you don’t hear the starter motor turning, refer to the

Starter motor doesn’t operate

symptom. If you can hear the starter motor working normally, refer to the

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start

symptom.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

173

09/07/23 18:16:25 31MEWA00 0183 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor doesn’t operate.

POSSIBLE CAUSE ignition switch OFF engine stop switch OFF

WHAT TO DO

Turn the ignition switch ON.

Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.

transmission not in neutral side stand down (when transmission not in neutral) blown fuse battery lead loose low (or dead) battery

Shift into neutral.

Put the transmission in neutral or raise the side stand and pull the clutch lever in.

Replace with a new fuse of the same rating

(page 196 ).

Tighten the battery lead.

Charge the battery (page 155 ). If charging doesn’t faulty starter motor help, see your Honda dealer.

If all possible causes are negative, the starter motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.

174

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:16:35 31MEWA00 0184 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO out of fuel flooded engine loose or unconnected spark plug caps

Fill the fuel tank.

See F looded Engine (page 57 ).

Install the spark plug caps securely. If the engine still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.

loose battery cables weak battery

Tighten the battery terminal bolts.

Charge the battery (page 155 ). If charging doesn’t help, see your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

175

09/07/23 18:16:52 31MEWA00 0185 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO side stand down Raise the side stand. Start again.

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly.

POSSIBLE CAUSE idles roughly, too fast, stalls overheating low oil pressure runs erratically, misfires

WHAT TO DO

See your Honda dealer.

Check the high coolant temperature indicator.

Refer to If Y our Engine Over heats, page 193

Check the low oil pressure indicator. Refer to If the Low Oil Pr essur e Indicator Lights, page 195 .

May damage catalytic converter.

.

blubbers (rich fuel mixture)

See your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

176

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:17:04 31MEWA00 0186 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly (cont’d).

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO sooty exhaust (rich fuel mixture)

See your Honda dealer.

detonates or pings under load afterfires (backfires)

If applicable, switch to the recommended octane gasoline (page 101 ) or change your brand of gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda dealer.

May damage catalytic converter.

pre-ignition (runs on after ignition switched OFF)

See your Honda dealer.

May damage catalytic converter.

See your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

177

09/07/23 18:17:11 31MEWA00 0187 

If You Have a Flat Tire

A flat tire is always unwelcome, especially if you are far from help. If you think you are losing air, or you hit a pothole or hard object, pull safely to the side of the road so you can inspect the tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to park on a firm, level surface and use the side stand for support.) You should examine the tire treads and sidewalls for foreign objects or damage. If you find a tire that has been punctured or damaged, you have two options.

Option 1:

Have Your Motorcycle Transported

If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come loose from the rim, there is probably not much you can do except have your motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer

178

Taking Care of the Unexpected

or other qualified service facility. Even with a simple puncture, this may be the safest and least troublesome solution. For transporting instructions, see page 169 .

Option 2:

Make a Temporary Roadside Repair

If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and is not completely flat, you may be able to make an emergency repair that could allow you to continue riding to where you can get the tire replaced or permanently repaired.

09/07/23 18:17:16 31MEWA00 0188 

Riding your motorcycle with a temporary tire repair can be risky.

If the temporary repair fails, you can crash and be seriously injured or killed.

If you must ride with a temporary tire repair, ride slowly and carefully and do not exceed 30 mph (50 km/h) until the tire is permanently repaired or replaced.

Due to the uncertainty of any temporary repair, you should ride slowly (not over

30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully

(preferably without a passenger or cargo) until the tire is replaced or permanently

If You Have a Flat Tire

repaired. Stop frequently and check the air pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it may be unsafe to continue riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect the handling of your motorcycle (especially with a passenger and cargo), and it may overheat and blow out.

Types of Temporary Repairs

The following types of temporary repairs generally require a source of air to inflate the tire. Possible sources include CO

2 cartridges or cans of compressed air designed to inflate a tire.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

179

09/07/23 18:17:23 31MEWA00 0189 

If You Have a Flat Tire

Inflate the tire:

Tubeless tires have some self-sealing ability if they are punctured and the result is usually just a slow leak. If this is the case, you can try inflating the tire to see if it will hold air pressure. If you can see a nail or other object embedded in the tire tread, do not remove it at this time.

Plug the hole:

The idea here is to do something to temporarily stop the leak.

If you have a tubeless tire repair kit, you can pull out the nail and try inserting an external plug in the puncture. Follow the instructions that came with the repair kit and be sure to inflate the tire to the correct pressure.

Should You Repair or Replace a

Tire?

We strongly recommend that you replace, not permanently repair, any tire that is punctured or damaged, even if the tire has only a minor puncture. For a full discussion of repairs and replacement, see page 146 .

180

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:17:33 31MEWA00 0190 

Emergency Front Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

If You Have a Flat Tire

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(2)

(1) caliper fixing bolts

(2) brake caliper

Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

181

09/07/23 18:17:43 31MEWA00 0191 

If You Have a Flat Tire

2.

3.

Raise the front wheel off the ground by placing a support block under the engine.

1 remove the right and left brake calipers

2

To avoid damage to the brake hose during removal, support the caliper assembly so that it doesn’t hang from the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.

Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on the disc or pad surfaces. Any contamination can cause poor brake performance or rapid pad wear after reassembly.

4.

Loosen the right and left axle pinch

3

RIGHT FRONT

(4)

(3)

(3) axle pinch bolts

(4) front axle bolt

182

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:17:49 31MEWA00 0192 

If You Have a Flat Tire

LEFT FRONT

5.

Remove the front axle shaft ( ), wheel and side collars.

5

Avoid pressing the brake lever when the wheel is off the motorcycle. This will force the caliper pistons out of the cylinders. The result will be loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the brake system will require service. See your Honda dealer for this service.

(3)

(5)

(3) axle pinch bolts

(5) front axle shaft

Taking Care of the Unexpected

183

09/07/23 18:17:59 31MEWA00 0193 

If You Have a Flat Tire

Installation

1.

Install the side collars and position the wheel between the fork legs. Insert the front axle shaft from the left side,

2.

through the left fork leg and wheel hub.

1 axle shaft with the surface ( ) of fork leg.

2

LEFT FRONT

(1)

3.

Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left fork leg to the specified torque:

4.

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

Tighten the front axle bolt to the specified torque:

44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

5.

6.

Install the right and left brake calipers onto the fork legs.

To avoid damaging the brake pads, carefully fit the brake disc ( ) between the pads.

3

Install the caliper fixing bolts and tighten to the specified torque:

22 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m)

(2)

(1) index line

(2) surface

184

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:18:08 31MEWA00 0194 

7.

8.

9.

Operate the front brake and pump the fork several times. Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.

If the clearances between each surface of the brake disc and the brake bracket

( ) (not the brake pads) are symmetrical, follow next step.

If the clearances are not symmetrical, loosen the left axle pinch bolts and pull the left fork outward or push inward to adjust the clearance. Then follow the next step.

Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right fork leg to the specified torque:

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

If You Have a Flat Tire

Visually check that the clearances between each surface of the brake disc and the brake caliper body (not the brake pads) are symmetrical.

(4) (4)

(3)

(3) brake disc (4) brake bracket

Taking Care of the Unexpected

185

09/07/23 18:18:12 31MEWA00 0195 

If You Have a Flat Tire

If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

186

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:18:24 31MEWA00 0196 

Emergency Rear Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 78 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

2.

3.

Remove the right side cover (page

1

93 ).

If You Have a Flat Tire

4.

5.

4

3

5

Pull the connector out.

RIGHT REAR

(1)

(5)

(2)

(4)

(3)

(1) wire harness

(2) wire harness holder

(3) tab

(4) connector

(5) stay

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

187

09/07/23 18:18:33 31MEWA00 0197 

If You Have a Flat Tire

6.

7.

8.

9.

Remove the bolts A ( ) and exhaust

7

6

8

9 10

RIGHT SIDE

(6)

(9)

(10)

(11)

188

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(8)

(6)

(6) bolts A

(7) exhaust cover

(8) bolts B

(7)

(8)

(9) bolt C

(10) bolt D

(11) muffler

09/07/23 18:18:44 31MEWA00 0198 

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

Remove the rear fender (page 96 ).

12

Remove the rear axle nut ( ) while holding the rear axle shaft ( ) at the end with a wrench.

15

Pull the rear axle shaft out.

Remove the rear brake bracket ( ), side collar.

16

If You Have a Flat Tire

RIGHT REAR

(16)

(15)

(12)

(13)

(12) rear brake stopper bolt

(13) rear axle nut

(15) rear axle holding bolt

(16) rear brake bracket

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

189

09/07/23 18:18:52 31MEWA00 0199 

If You Have a Flat Tire

16.

17.

Move the wheel to the right to separate it from the final drive gear case.

Remove the wheel.

LEFT REAR

(14)

(14) rear axle shaft

To avoid damage to the brake hose during removal, support the caliper assembly so that it doesn’t hang from the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.

Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on the disc or pad surfaces. Any contamination can cause poor brake performance or rapid pad wear after reassembly.

Avoid depressing the brake pedal when the wheel is off the motorcycle.

This will force the caliper pistons out of the cylinders. The result will be a loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the brake system will require service.

See your Honda dealer for this service.

190

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:19:05 31MEWA00 0200 

Installation

Before installing the wheel, check that the wheel hub and final drive gear splines are coated with molybdenum disulfide paste

( Pro Honda Moly 60 Paste, or equivalent).

1.

Position the wheel between the swingarm and the final drive gear case.

Be sure the splines on the wheel hub fit into the final drive gear case.

2.

3.

Install the side collar into the wheel hub.

Install the rear brake bracket, washer and rear brake bracket bolt.

To avoid damaging the brake pads while setting the brake caliper assembly over the brake disc, carefully fit the brake disc between the pads.

If You Have a Flat Tire

4.

5.

Insert the rear axle shaft from the left side, through the left swingarm, rear brake bracket, wheel hub and final drive gear case.

Tighten the nut and bolt to the specified torques: rear axle nut:

66 lbf·ft (89 N·m , 9.1 kgf·m) axle holding bolt:

24 lbf·ft (32 N·m , 3.3 kgf·m)

6.

rear brake stopper bolt:

66 lbf·ft (89 N·m , 9.1 kgf·m)

After installing the wheel, apply the brake several times. Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

191

09/07/23 18:19:13 31MEWA00 0201 

If You Have a Flat Tire

7.

Reinstall the muffler and muffler cover.

Before installing the muffler, replace the muffler gasket with a new gasket.

Tighten and torque the nuts and bolts to the specified torques: bolt B:

8.

13 lbf·ft (17 N·m , 1.7 kgf·m)

Install the removed parts in reverse order of removal.

If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

192

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:19:20 31MEWA00 0202 

If Your Engine Overheats

Normally, the needle on your temperature gauge will rise to a point about midway between C (cold) and H (hot) and then level off. Hot weather may cause the needle to rise higher than normal. So will temporary stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the needle may climb some, but the radiator fan is designed to prevent overheating. Be aware of these variations as you monitor the gauge.

If the needle moves toward H for no apparent reason, pull safely to the side of the road. If possible, park in a shady area.

Continuing to ride with an overheated engine can cause serious engine damage.

A steaming engine indicates a coolant leak. Shut the engine off and wait until the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but don’t touch the engine or radiator system. Let everything cool off first.

If there’s no obvious problem, leave the engine on so the fan and coolant circulating system can continue working. Monitor the temperature gauge. The needle may drop to the normal range after a brief stop with no load on the engine.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

193

09/07/23 18:19:27 31MEWA00 0203 

If Your Engine Overheats

Check the radiator fan.

If the fan is not working, turn the engine off. Open the fuse box

(page 198 ) and check the radiator fan fuse. If the fuse is blown, replace it with the proper (same rating) spare fuse.

Start the engine. If the needle climbs to the red zone and stays there, turn the engine off.

If the radiator fan is working, visually check the coolant level in the reserve tank, located behind the frame

(page 115 ). It isn’t necessary to touch the radiator system.

If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t ride without adding coolant (page 115 ).

After adding coolant, turn the engine on and check the temperature gauge.

If the needle doesn’t drop, do not ride.

The engine needs repair. Transport your

194

Taking Care of the Unexpected

motorcycle to a Honda dealer

(page 169 ).

If the temperature drops to normal, check the coolant level. If it has gone down, add more coolant.

If you are able to resume riding, continue to monitor the gauge frequently.

If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for awhile, carefully watching the gauge. Be prepared to stop and add more coolant or water. If the leak is bad, transport your motorcycle to a Honda dealer (page 169 ).

09/07/23 18:19:35 31MEWA00 0204 

If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights

If you check your engine oil level regularly, you should never see the low oil pressure indicator while riding. Normally, it will only light momentarily when you turn the ignition switch ON. Occasionally, it may flicker at or near idling speed.

Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil leak, a low oil level, or some problem in the engine’s lubrication system.

If the indicator comes on while you’re riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the side of the road. If possible, pull the clutch lever in and coast to a stop. Stop the engine as soon as it’s safe to do so.

Continuing to ride with low oil pressure can cause serious engine damage.

Check for an oil leak.

Then check the oil level. If necessary, add the recommended oil (page 105 ) to the upper level mark. If you must leave your motorcycle to get oil, secure it as much as possible.

After adding oil, start the engine, and check that the low oil pressure indicator goes off. Check for a possible leak.

If the indicator goes off and there is no leak –– resume riding. If there is a leak –– do not ride the motorcycle until the leak is repaired by a Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

195

09/07/23 18:19:45 31MEWA00 0205 

If a Fuse Blows

All of the electrical circuits on your motorcycle have fuses to protect them from damage caused by excess current flow (short circuit or overload).

If something electrical on your motorcycle stops working, the first thing you should check for is a blown fuse.

Determine from the chart on the circuit fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control that component. Check those fuses first, but check all the fuses before looking elsewhere for another possible cause of the problem. Replace any blown fuses and check component operation.

Main fuse (and spare) are located on the

3 behind the left side cover.

196

Taking Care of the Unexpected

The circuit fuse box (including spare fuse) is located under the seat.

Recommended Fuses main fuse other fuses

30A

20A, 10A

(NT700V)

30A, 20A, 10A

(NT700VA)

09/07/23 18:19:56 31MEWA00 0206 

1.

2.

To prevent an accidental short circuit, turn the ignition switch OFF before checking or replacing the fuses.

Remove the left side cover (page 93 ).

LEFT SIDE

(2) (3)

(1)

If a Fuse Blows

Main Fuse Access:

3.

1

3

2 magnetic switch ( ).

4.

5.

6.

Pull main fuse out.

4

5

Reconnect the wire connector.

Install the left side cover.

MAIN FUSE

(4)

(5)

(1) main fuse

(2) wire connector

(3) starter magnetic switch

(5) spare main fuse

(4) blown fuse

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

197

09/07/23 18:20:04 31MEWA00 0207 

If a Fuse Blows

Circuit Fuse Access:

7.

Remove the seat (page 94 ).

8.

9.

Open the fuse box covers ( 6 ).

To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull the old fuse out of its retaining clips.

Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.

If the fuse is blown (

8

7 ), replace it with a spare fuse ( ) of the same rating.

If you do not have a replacement fuse with the proper rating for the circuit, install one with a lower rating.

Replacing a f use with one that has a higher rating greatly increases the chance of damage to the electrical system.

198

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:20:10 31MEWA00 0208 

UNDER SEAT

(NT700V)

(6)

If a Fuse Blows

(NT700VA)

(6)

(8)

(6) fuse box covers

(8) spare fuses

(8)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

199

09/07/23 18:20:19 31MEWA00 0209 

If a Fuse Blows

CIRCUIT FUSE

(7)

(7) blown fuse

10.

11.

Close the fuse box covers.

Install the seat.

If you do not have a spare fuse and you cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing the problem, take a fuse of the same rating or a lower rating from one of the other circuits that you can do without temporarily.

If you replace a blown fuse with a spare fuse that has a lower rating, replace the fuse with the correct rating as soon as you can. Also remember to replace any spare fuses that were installed.

If the replacement fuse of the same rating burns out in a short time, there is probably a serious electrical problem on your motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that circuit and have your motorcycle checked by your Honda dealer.

200

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:20:25 31MEWA00 0210 

Personal safety is your first priority after a crash. If you or anyone else has been injured, take time to assess the severity of the injuries and whether it is safe to continue riding. Call for emergency assistance if needed. Also follow applicable laws and regulations if another person or vehicle is involved in the crash.

If you decide that you are capable of riding safely, first evaluate the condition of your motorcycle. If the engine is still running, turn it off and look it over carefully; inspect it for fluid leaks, check the tightness of critical nuts and bolts, and secure such parts as the handlebar, control levers, brakes, and wheels.

If You Crash

If there is minor damage, or you are unsure about possible damage, ride slowly and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage is hidden or not immediately apparent, so you should have your motorcycle thoroughly checked at a qualified service facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure to have your Honda dealer check the frame and suspension after any serious crash.

If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see

Transporting Your Motorcycle,

page 169 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

201

09/07/23 18:20:31 31MEWA00 0211 

If You Lose Your Key

Be sure to record your key number in the

Quick Reference section at the rear of the manual. You’ll need this number to have a duplicate key made.

A lost key won’t be a problem if you take preventative action. Store one duplicate key in a safe place at home and carry a second duplicate in your wallet.

If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a duplicate, either get your spare or have one made. If you don’t know your key number, call the dealer where you purchased your Honda. They may have it listed in their records. If they don’t, transport your motorcycle to them or the nearest Honda dealer. The dealer will probably have to remove the ignition switch assembly to find the key number so they can make a key for you.

202

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:20:36 31MEWA00 0212 

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)

Jump starting is not recommended, especially if you use an automobile battery.

The greater amperage of an automobile battery when the car engine is running can damage your motorcycle’s electrical system.

Bump starting is also not recommended.

If you can’t charge the battery or it appears unable to hold a charge, contact your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

203

09/07/23 18:20:39 31MEWA00 0213 

204

Taking Care of the Unexpected

09/07/23 18:20:46 31MEWA00 0214 

This section contains dimensions, capacities, and other technical data, plus information on government requirements and how to break-in your motorcycle.

Technical Information

Vehicle Identification .........................

Specifications .....................................

.

.

Break-in Guidelines ...........................

Emission Control Systems .................

.

.

Catalytic Converter

Oxygenated Fuels

............................

...............................

.

.

206

209

216

217

224

225

Technical Information

205

09/07/23 18:20:53 31MEWA00 0215 

Vehicle Identification

Serial Numbers

The VIN and engine serial number are required when you register your motorcycle. They may also be required when ordering replacement parts. You may record these numbers in the Quick

Reference section at the rear of this manual.

The VIN (vehicle identification number) is stamped on the right side of the steering head and also appears on the Safety

Certification Label attached to the right side of the frame.

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(1) VIN

206

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:20:59 31MEWA00 0216 

RIGHT SIDE

Vehicle Identification

3 right side of the crankcase.

RIGHT SIDE

(3)

(2) VIN

(2)

(3) engine number

Technical Information

207

09/07/23 18:21:05 31MEWA00 0217 

Vehicle Identification

Color Label & Code

fender below the seat. Remove the seat

(page 94 ) to check the label.

The color code is helpful when ordering replacement parts. You may record the color and code in the Quick Reference section at the rear of this manual.

UNDER SEAT

(1)

(1) color label

208

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:21:16 31MEWA00 0218 

Dimensions

overall length overall width overall height wheelbase ground clearance

Specifications

87.4 in (2,220 mm)

31.7 in (805 mm)

52.0 in (1,320 mm)

58.3 in (1,480 mm)

58.1 in (1,475 mm)

6.3 in (160 mm)

(lowest windscreen height)

(highest windscreen height)

Technical Information

209

09/07/23 18:21:29 31MEWA00 0219 

Specifications

Fuel & Lubricants

fuel recommendation fuel tank capacity engine oil capacity engine oil recommendation final drive oil capacity cooling system, recommendation cooling system, capacity unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher

5.20 US gal (19.7 ) after disassembly: after draining:

3.4 US qt (3.2 )

2.7 US qt (2.6 ) after draining & oil filter change: 3.0 US qt (2.8 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or an equivalent motorcycle oil after draining: 4.4 US oz (130 cm )

Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines

2.41 US qt (2.28 )

210

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:21:46 31MEWA00 0220 

Specifications

Capacities

passenger capacity maximum weight capacity cargo weight

Operator and one passenger

403 lb (183 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories each saddlebag: 11.0 lb (5.0 kg) each fairing pocket: 2.2 lb (1.0 kg)

Engine Specifications

displacement bore & stroke compression ratio spark plug (standard)

41.5 cu-in (680 cm )

3.19

× 2.60 in (81.0

× 66.0 mm)

10.0 : 1

CPR8EA − 9 (NGK) intake: or U24EPR9 (DENSO)

0.006 in (0.15 mm) valve clearance

(cold) spark plug gap idle speed exhaust:

0.031

0.008 in (0.20 mm)

0.035 in (0.80

1,200 ± 100 rpm

− 0.90 mm)

(NO ADJUSTMENT)

Technical Information

211

09/07/23 18:21:59 31MEWA00 0221 

Specifications

Power Transmission

primary reduction secondary reduction final reduction gear ratio, 1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th final drive

1.763

0.994

3.090

2.571

1.687

1.300

1.074

0.923

shaft

212

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:22:10 31MEWA00 0222 

Chassis & Suspension

caster trail

28°50’

4.5 in (115 mm) tire size, front 120/70ZR17M/C (58W)

BRIDGESTONE

BT020F RADIAL J tire size, rear tire type tire pressure, front

(cold) tire pressure, rear

(cold)

150/70ZR17M/C (69W)

BRIDGESTONE

BT020R RADIAL U radial, tubeless

36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )

42 psi (290 kPa , 2.90 kgf/cm )

Specifications

Technical Information

213

09/07/23 18:22:24 31MEWA00 0223 

Specifications

Electrical

battery generator

Lights

headlight brake/tail light turn signal lights position light license light

Fuses

main other fuses

12V − 11.2Ah

0.438 kW/5,000 rpm

12V − 55W (2 bulbs)

12V − 21/5W × 2

12V − 21W (front)

12V − 21W (rear)

12V − 5W

12V − 5W

30A

20A, 10A …… NT700V

30A, 20A, 10A …… NT700VA

214

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:22:37 31MEWA00 0224 

Specifications

Torque Specifications

engine oil drain bolt engine oil filter

22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m)

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m) final drive oil drain bolt final drive filler cap 9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m) front wheel axle bolt front wheel axle pinch bolts

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

22 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m) front caliper fixing bolts rear brake stopper bolt rear wheel axle nut

66 lbf·ft (89 N·m , 9.1 kgf·m)

66 lbf·ft (89 N·m , 9.1 kgf·m)

24 lbf·ft (32 N·m , 3.3 kgf·m) rear wheel axle holding bolt exhaust pipe joint bolt

13 lbf·ft (17 N·m , 1.7 kgf·m)

Technical Information

215

09/07/23 18:22:42 31MEWA00 0225 

Break-in Guidelines

Help assure your motorcycle’s future reliability and performance by paying extra attention to how you ride during the first 300 miles (500 km).

During this period, avoid full-throttle starts and rapid acceleration.

216

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:22:47 31MEWA00 0226 

Exhaust Emission Requirements

The U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), and the California Air

Resources Board (CARB) require that your motorcycle comply with applicable exhaust emissions standards during its useful life, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

Noise Emission Requirements

The EPA also requires that motorcycles built after January 1, 1983 comply with applicable noise emission standards for one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

Emission Control Systems

Warranty Compliance

Compliance with the terms of the

Distributor’s Warranties for Honda

Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is necessary in order to keep the emissions system warranty in effect.

Technical Information

217

09/07/23 18:22:54 31MEWA00 0227 

Emission Control Systems

The Vehicle Emission Control

1 rear fender below the seat.

UNDER SEAT

(1)

Source of Exhaust Emissions

The combustion process produces carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic.

Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various systems to reduce carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.

(1) vehicle emission control information label

218

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:22:59 31MEWA00 0228 

Exhaust Emission Control System

The exhaust emission control system includes a three-way catalytic converter, a secondary air supply system, and a PGM-

FI system.

No adjustment to these systems should be made although periodic inspection of the components is recommended.

Emission Control Systems

Programmed Fuel Injection (PGM-FI)

System

The PGM-FI system has four subsystems:

Air Intake, Engine Control, Fuel Control, and Exhaust Control.

The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses various sensors to determine how much air is going into the engine. It then controls how much fuel is injected under all operating conditions.

Ignition Timing Control System

The system constantly adjusts the ignition timing, reducing the amount of HC, CO and NOx produced.

Technical Information

219

09/07/23 18:23:04 31MEWA00 0229 

Emission Control Systems

Secondary Air Injection System

The secondary air injection system introduces filtered air into the exhaust gases in the exhaust port. The secondary air injection system helps improve emission control performance.

Three-Way Catalytic Converter

The three-way catalytic converter is in the exhaust system. Through chemical reactions, they convert HC, CO, and NOx in the engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide

(CO ), dinitrogen (N ), and water vapor.

Evaporative Emission Control System

This motorcycle complies with the requirements of the California Air

Resources Board (CARB) evaporative emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the fuel tank is directed into the charcoal canister and air cleaner where it is adsorbed and stored while the engine is stopped. When the engine is running and the purge control solenoid valve is open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air cleaner is drawn into the engine through the throttle body.

220

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:23:10 31MEWA00 0230 

Crankcase Emission Control System

The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system to prevent discharging crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.

Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion chamber through the air cleaner and the intake manifold.

Emission Control Systems

Problems That May Affect Motorcycle

Exhaust Emissions

If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda motorcycle dealer.

Symptoms:

1.

Hard starting or stalling after starting

2.

3.

4.

5.

Rough idle

Misfiring or backfiring during acceleration

After-burning (backfiring)

Poor performance (driveability) and poor fuel economy

Technical Information

221

09/07/23 18:23:16 31MEWA00 0231 

Emission Control Systems

Noise Emission Control System

TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE

CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:

U. S. federal law prohibits the following

1 removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair or replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;

2 device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.

AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED

TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE

THE FOLLOWING ACTS:

1.

Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,

2.

3.

4.

baffles, header pipes or any other component which conducts exhaust gases.

Removal of, or puncturing of any part of the intake system.

Lack of proper maintenance.

Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with parts other than those specified by the manufacturer.

222

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:23:21 31MEWA00 0232 

Emission Control Systems

Fuel Permeation Emission Control

System

This vehicle complies with the Fuel

Permeation Emission Control regulations of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA) and the California Air

Resources Board (CARB). The fuel tank, fuel hoses, and fuel vapor charge hoses used on this vehicle incorporate fuel permeation control technologies.

Tampering with the fuel tank, fuel hoses, or fuel vapor charge hoses to reduce or defeat the effectiveness of the fuel permeation technologies is prohibited by federal regulations.

Technical Information

223

09/07/23 18:23:26 31MEWA00 0233 

Catalytic Converter

This motorcycle is equipped with a threeway catalytic converter.

The catalytic converter contains precious metals that serve as catalysts, promoting chemical reactions to convert the exhaust gasses without affecting the metals.

The catalytic converter acts on HC, CO, and NOx. A replacement unit must be an original Honda part or its equivalent.

The catalytic converter must operate at a high temperature for the chemical reactions to take place. It can set fire to any combustible materials that come near it. Park your motorcycle away from high grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.

A defective catalytic converter contributes to air pollution, and can impair your

224

Technical Information

engine’s performance. Follow these guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s catalytic converter.

Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a small amount of leaded gasoline can contaminate the catalyst metals, making the catalytic converter ineffective.

Keep the engine in good running condition. A poorly running engine can cause the catalytic converter to overheat causing damage to the converter or the motorcycle.

If your engine is misfiring, backfiring, stalling, or otherwise not running properly, stop riding and turn off the engine. Have your motorcycle serviced as soon as possible.

09/07/23 18:23:35 31MEWA00 0234 

Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an ether compound. These gasolines are collectively referred to as oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards, some areas of the United States use oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.

If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating requirement.

Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/ provinces require this information to be posted on the pump.

Oxygenated Fuels

The following are the EPA-approved percentages of oxygenates:

ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline containing ethanol may be marketed under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.

MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

15% MTBE by volume.

Technical Information

225

09/07/23 18:23:42 31MEWA00 0235 

Oxygenated Fuels

METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)

5% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing methanol containing up to 5% methanol by volume as long as it also contains cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to protect the fuel system. Gasoline containing more than 5% methanol by volume may cause starting and/or performance problems. It may also damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts of your fuel system.

If you notice any undesirable operating symptoms, try another service station or switch to another brand of gasoline.

Fuel system damage or performance problems resulting from the use of an oxygenated fuel containing more than the percentages of oxygenates mentioned above are not covered under warranty.

Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills immediately.

Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is not covered by warranty.

226

Technical Information

09/07/23 18:23:51 31MEWA00 0236 

This section contains information on your warranty and how to get an official Honda

Service Manual.

Consumer Information

Authorized Manuals

Warranty Coverage

...........................

............................

.

.

Warranty Service ................................

Contacting Honda ...............................

.

.

Your Honda Dealer ............................

The Honda Rider’s Club ....................

.

.

Reporting Safety Defects ...................

.

228

231

232

233

234

235

236

Consumer Information

227

09/07/23 18:23:59 31MEWA00 0237 

Authorized Manuals

The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.

Also available, but not necessary, to service your model is the Honda Common Service

Manual, which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.

These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.

Publication Item No.

61MEW00

Description

2010 NT700V/VA Service Manual

61CM002

31MEWA00

Common Service Manual

2010 NT700V/VA Owner’s Manual

* Pr ices ar e subject to change without notice and without incur r ing obligation.

Price Each

$60.00

$48.00

$16.00

228

Consumer Information

09/07/23 18:24:12 31MEWA00 0238 

Order On-Line: www.helminc.com

Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93

(1-888-292-5393)

(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)

Monday

Friday 8:00 AM

6:00 PM EST

OR

By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the back of this order form.

Publication

Item No.

Item Description Qty.

Price

Each

Total

Price

Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.

Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for delivery.

Sub Total

Purchaser’s Sales Tax

Mich. add 6 %

Calif. add 8.25 %

Handling Charge

Grand Total

$3.75

Consumer Information

229

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M

E

N

T

P

A

Y

S

H

I

P

T

O

NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.

Attention Customer Name

Street address/P. O. BOX

State

Apartment Number

Zip Code City

Daytime Telephone Number

( )

Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.

U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.

Account Number MasterCard

VISA

Security Code

Discover

Customer Signature

Check here if your billing address is different from the shipping address shown above.

Expiration: Mo. Yr.

Date

These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. For returns, a restocking fee may be applied against the original order.

HELM

P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207

230

Consumer Information

09/07/23 18:24:36 31MEWA00 0240 

Your new Honda is covered by these warranties:

Motorcycle Limited Warranty

Emission Control System Warranty

Noise Control Warranty

There are responsibilities, restrictions, and exclusions which apply to these warranties.

Please read the Warranties Booklet given to you by your Honda dealer at the time of purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda owner’s card with your Warranties

Booklet.

It is important to realize that your warranty applies to defects in material or workmanship of your Honda. Your warranty coverage does not apply to normal wear or deterioration associated with using the motorcycle.

Warranty Coverage

Your warranty coverage will not be voided if you choose to perform your own maintenance. However, you should have the proper tools and service information and be mechanically qualified. Failures that occur due directly to improper maintenance are not covered.

Almost all of your warranty coverage can be extended through the Honda Protection

Plan. For more information, see your

Honda dealer.

Consumer Information

231

09/07/23 18:24:43 31MEWA00 0241 

Warranty Service

Please remember that recommended maintenance interval servicing is not included in your warranty coverage.

Additionally, your warranty does not apply to the normal wear of items (such as brakes, tires, etc.).

If you believe you have a problem with your motorcycle, call the service department of your Honda dealer. Make an appointment for an inspection and diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize that inspection. Your dealer will give you the results of the inspection. If the problem is covered under warranty, your dealer will perform the warranty repairs for you.

If you have questions about warranty coverage or the nature of the repair, it is best to talk to the Service Manager of your

Honda dealer.

Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions of all concerned, a misunderstanding may occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your dealer’s handling of the situation, we suggest you discuss your problem with the appropriate member of the dealership’s management team. If the problem has already been reviewed with the Service

Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager, etc., contact the Owner of the dealership or their designated representative.

232

Consumer Information

09/07/23 18:24:51 31MEWA00 0242 

Your owner’s manual was written to cover most of the questions you might ask about your Honda. Any questions not answered in the owner’s manual can be answered by your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t have the answer right away, they will get it for you.

If you have a difference of opinion with your dealer, please remember that each dealership is independently owned and operated. That’s why it’s important to work to resolve any differences at the dealership level.

If you wish to comment on your experiences with your Honda or with your dealer, please send your comments to the following address:

Contacting Honda

Motorcycle Division, American Honda

Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,

CA 90509-2200, mailstop: 100-4C-7B, telephone: (866) 784-1870.

Please include the following information in your letter: name, address, and telephone number product model, year, and VIN date of purchase dealer name and address

We will likely ask your Honda dealer to respond, or possibly acknowledge your comments directly.

Consumer Information

233

09/07/23 18:24:59 31MEWA00 0243 

Your Honda Dealer

Once you purchase your new Honda, get familiar with the organization of your

Honda dealer so you can utilize the full range of services available.

The service department is there to perform regular maintenance and unexpected repairs. It has the latest available service information from Honda. The service department will also handle warranty inspections and repairs.

The parts department offers Honda

Genuine Parts, Pro Honda products, and

Honda Genuine Accessories. The same quality that went into your Honda can be found in Honda Genuine replacement parts. You’ll also find comparable quality in the accessories and products available from the parts department.

234

Consumer Information

The sales department offers the Honda

Protection Plan to extend almost all of your warranty coverage.

Your Honda dealer can inform you about competition and other riding events in your area. You’ll also find that your dealer is a source of information about safety training available in your local area and the Honda Rider’s Club of America.

We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the service your Honda dealer continues to provide after the sale as you are with the quality and dependability of your Honda.

09/07/23 18:25:02 31MEWA00 0244 

The Honda Rider’s Club

You may be eligible for a Honda Rider’s

Club of America (HRCA) membership with the purchase of your new Honda.

You can log on to the HRCA Clubhouse website for details at

www.hrca.honda.

com.

Consumer Information

235

09/07/23 18:25:07 31MEWA00 0245 

Reporting Safety Defects

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National

Highway Traffic Safety Administration

(NHTSA) in addition to notifying

American Honda Motor Co., Inc.

If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However,

NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,

Inc.

To contact NHTSA, you may call the

Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at

1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-

9153); go to

http://www.saf ercar.gov

; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA,

1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.,

Washington, DC 20590.

You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from

http://www.saf ercar.gov.

236

Consumer Information

09/07/23 18:25:10 31MEWA00 0246 

Consumer Information

237

09/07/23 18:25:17 31MEWA00 0247 

Index

A

ABS indicator ........................................

. 65 accessories air cleaner

...............................................

............................................

. 5

. 118 air pressure, tires ..................................

American Honda, contacting ...............

anti-lock brake system (ABS)

. 141

. 233

...............

. 64 apparel, protective appearance care

.................................

...................................

. 36

. 156 authorized manuals ..............................

. 228

B

battery ..................................................

. 151 brakes, fluid ..................................................

. 136 front lever adjustment pad wear

.....................

...........................................

. 135

. 139

238

Index

braking ...................................................

break-in guidelines ..............................

. 61

. 216

C

capacity, fuel .......................................

. 102 care, appearance ..................................

catalytic converter cleaning, appearance care

. 156

...............................

. 224

...................

. 156 clutch system color label

.......................................

............................................

. 125

. 208 compartment, cargo ..................................................

. 46 owner’s manual consumer information controls & features

.................................

. 92

.........................

. 227

................................

. 31 coolant ..................................................

customer service ..................................

. 114

. 233

09/07/23 18:25:23 31MEWA00 0248 

D

defects, reporting safety ......................

. 236 digital clock ...............................

display check

. 13, 18, 28

.........................................

. 16 drive, final ............................................

. 120

E

emission control systems .....................

. 217 engine, flooded ...............................................

. 57 low oil pressure number oil

................................

.............................................

.....................................................

. 195

. 207

. 104 overheats pinging

..........................................

.............................................

. 193

. 101 starting ...............................................

stop switch .........................................

. 55

. 32

Index

stopping ..............................................

won’t start ........................................

. 58

. 173 environment .........................................

. 170

F

fairing pocket final drive

.........................................

.............................................

flat tire ..................................................

. 48

. 120

. 178 flooded engine fuel,

.......................................

. 57 oxygenated .......................................

recommendation ..............................

. 225

. 101 tank capacity ....................................

fuses .....................................................

. 102

. 196

Index

239

09/07/23 18:25:30 31MEWA00 0249 

Index

G

gap, spark plug .....................................

. 130 gasohol gasoline

.................................................

. 225

................................................

. 101 gauges, indicators & displays ...............

. 13

H

headlight dimmer switch .......................

. 33 helmet holder .........................................

high beam indicator .........................

. 68

. 13, 19

Honda, contacting ........................................

dealer ................................................

. 233

. 234

Rider’s Club .....................................

Honda service manual .........................

. 235

. 228 horn button .............................................

. 34

240

Index

I

identification, vehicle ..........................

. 206 ignition cut-off system, side stand ignition switch

........

.......................................

. 55

. 31 indicators ................................................

inspection, pre-ride ................................

. 13

. 39

K

key, lost ................................................

. 202

L

labels, safety lamp check .............................................

. 14 limit, weight ...........................................

. 43 load limits

............................................

. 7

..............................................

. 43

09/07/23 18:25:37 31MEWA00 0250  loading guidelines ..................................

lock, steering ..........................................

. 44

. 67 low oil pressure indicator ........

. 13, 21, 195

M

maintenance, component locations ..........................

importance .........................................

. 89

. 76 periodic record

..............................................

.................................................

. 80

. 87 safety ..................................................

schedule .............................................

. 77

. 82 malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) . 13, 18 manual, service ....................................

maximum weight limit

. 228

..........................

. 43 meter check ............................................

modifications

. 15

...........................................

. 6

Index

N

neutral indicator ...............................

. 13, 17 numbers, serial .....................................

. 206

O

odometer ..........................................

. 13, 18 oil, engine ...............................................

. 104 final drive ........................................

low pressure ...............................

. 120

. 13, 195 operation component locations overheat, engine ...................................

owner’s manual storage

.............

. 10

. 193

.........................

. 92 oxygenated fuels ..................................

. 225

Index

241

09/07/23 18:25:43 31MEWA00 0251 

Index

P

parking ...................................................

. 66 pinging, engine plugs, spark

....................................

..........................................

. 101

. 129 pre-load, suspension, rear ...................................................

pre-ride inspection

. 133

.................................

. 39 problems, unexpected protective apparel

..........................

. 171

..................................

. 36

R

raising the fuel tank removal,

.............................

. 100 left fairing pocket middle fairing lid

..............................

...............................

. 98

. 95 rear fender ..........................................

right fairing pocket ............................

. 96

. 99

242

Index

seat .....................................................

side cover ...........................................

. 94

. 93 reporting safety defects rider training

.......................

......................................

. 236

. 3, 38

Rider’s Club, Honda riding,

............................

. 235 basic operation clothing precautions

...................................

..............................................

.........................................

. 53

. 36

. 54 safety ....................................................

safety precautions ..............................

. 2

. 54 with passenger or cargo .....................

. 71

S

saddlebag ...............................................

. 46 safety, important precautions ........................

. 78 labels ....................................................

reporting defects ..............................

. 7

. 236

09/07/23 18:25:48 31MEWA00 0252  riding precautions ..............................

. 54 schedule, maintenance ...........................

. 82 seat removal

SEL button

...........................................

.......................................

. 94

. 13, 20 serial numbers service,

......................................

. 206 customer manuals warranty

...........................................

............................................

...........................................

. 233

. 228

. 232

SET button .......................................

shifting gears

. 13, 19

.........................................

. 59 side cover removal .................................

side stand .............................................

. 93

. 150 side stand ignition cut-off system spark knock spark plugs

.........

..........................................

...........................................

. 55

. 101

. 129 specifications speedometer

.......................................

.....................................

. 209

. 13, 17 stand, side start button

............................................

. 150

.............................................

. 32

Index

starting, engine .................................................

. 55 troubleshooting steering lock

................................

. 173

...........................................

. 67 stop switch, engine stopping engine

................................

......................................

. 32

. 58 storage, motorcycle .......................................

. 166 owner’s manual .................................

. 92 suspension, rear suspension adjustment .............

. 133 rear suspension spring pre-load .......

. 133 switch, engine stop headlight dimmer ignition

.........................................

. 32

...............................

. 33

...............................................

. 31 turn signal ..........................................

. 33

Index

243

09/07/23 18:25:55 31MEWA00 0253 

Index

T

tachometer .......................................

. 13, 19 theft-prevention tips throttle

..............................

..................................................

. 69

. 123 tires, air pressure .......................................

flat ....................................................

. 141

. 178 replacing ..........................................

training, rider .....................................

. 147

. 3, 38 transporting your motorcycle tripmeter

..............

...........................................

. 169

. 13, 18 trouble, unexpected .............................

troubleshooting, starting ......................

turn signal indicator ...................

. 171

. 173

. 13, 17, 18

V

W

warranty, coverage ...........................................

. 231 extended ...........................................

service ..............................................

. 231

. 232 washing your motorcycle weight limit

....................

. 158

............................................

. 43 wheels, front removal rear removal

...................................

. 181

.....................................

. 187 windscreen height adjustment ...............

. 50

244

Index

09/07/23 18:26:03 31MEWA00 0254 

The following is a brief, but important collection of information you need to know about your Honda. You’ll also find space to record important notes.

Quick Reference

How to Avoid Costly Repairs

The engine of your Honda can be the most expensive component to repair. Proper maintenance, especially the use of the recommended fluids and filters, prevents premature wear and damage.

Frequent causes of costly repairs are:

Engine oil –– insufficient quantity, improper oil.

Air cleaner –– dirty, leaking because of improper installation (poor seal).

Record important information on the following page:

Quick Reference

09/07/23 18:26:07 31MEWA00 0255 

Quick Reference

VIN

Engine No.

Ignition Key No.

Color Label

Owner’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Dealer’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Service Mgr.

Quick Reference

09/07/23 18:26:19 31MEWA00 0256 

Scheduled

Maintenance

Pre-ride

Inspection

Periodic

Checks

Fuel/Capacity

Engine Oil

Maximum

Weight

Capacity

Quick Reference

Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)

Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)

Check the following items each time before you ride (page 39 ): tires & wheels, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.

Check the following items monthly (page 81 ): tires & wheels, fluids, lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.

unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher

5.20 US gal (19.7 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label,

SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent

403 lb (183 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Quick Reference

09/07/23 18:26:31 31MEWA00 0257 

Quick Reference

Tires

Tire Pressure

(cold)

Spark Plugs

Coolant

Fuses

Final Drive Oil

Front:

120/70ZR17M/C (58W) BRIDGESTONE

Rear:

150/70ZR17M/C (69W)

BT020F RADIAL J

BRIDGESTONE

BT020R RADIAL U

Type:

Front:

Rear: radial, tubeless

36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )

42 psi (290 kPa , 2.90 kgf/cm ) standard:

CPR8EA − 9 (NGK) or U24EPR9 (DENSO) ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50 solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water main:

30A other:

20A, 10A … NT700V

Hypoid Gear Oil SAE 80

30A, 20A, 10A … NT700VA

Quick Reference

09/07/23 18:26:42 31MEWA00 0258 

These symbols are used in Controls & Features section:

SYMBOL COMPONENT

START button

RUN

− engine stop switch

OFF

− engine stop switch

HI

− headlight dimmer switch

LO

− headlight dimmer switch turn signal switch horn button

Quick Reference

SEE PAGE

32

32

32

33

33

33

34

Quick Reference

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