Wildcat 200
OM-237 711J
2012−06
Processes
Stick (SMAW) Welding
Non-Critical TIG (GTAW)
Welding
Description
Engine Driven Welding Generator
®
Wildcat 200
File: Engine Drive
Visit our website at
www.MillerWelds.com
From Miller to You
Thank you and congratulations on choosing Miller. Now you can get
the job done and get it done right. We know you don’t have time to do
it any other way.
That’s why when Niels Miller first started building arc welders in 1929,
he made sure his products offered long-lasting value and superior
quality. Like you, his customers couldn’t afford anything less. Miller
products had to be more than the best they could be. They had to be the
best you could buy.
Today, the people that build and sell Miller products continue the
tradition. They’re just as committed to providing equipment and service
that meets the high standards of quality and value established in 1929.
This Owner’s Manual is designed to help you get the most out of your
Miller products. Please take time to read the Safety precautions. They
will help you protect yourself against potential hazards on the worksite.
We’ve made installation and operation quick
and easy. With Miller you can count on years
of reliable service with proper maintenance.
And if for some reason the unit needs repair,
there’s a Troubleshooting section that will
help you figure out what the problem is. The
Miller is the first welding parts list will then help you to decide the
equipment manufacturer in exact part you may need to fix the problem.
the U.S.A. to be registered to
the ISO 9001 Quality System Warranty and service information for your
Standard.
particular model are also provided.
Miller Electric manufactures a full line
of welders and welding related equipment.
For information on other quality Miller
products, contact your local Miller distributor to receive the latest full
line catalog or individual specification sheets. To locate your nearest
distributor or service agency call 1-800-4-A-Miller, or visit us at
www.MillerWelds.com on the web.
Mil_Thank 2009−09
Working as hard as you do
− every power source from
Miller is backed by the most
hassle-free warranty in the
business.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS − READ BEFORE USING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1. Symbol Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3. Engine Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4. Compressed Air Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6. California Proposition 65 Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7. Principal Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8. EMF Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT UTILISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1. Signification des symboles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3. Dangers existant en relation avec le moteur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4. Dangers liés à l’air comprimé . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la maintenance . . . . .
2-6. Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7. Principales normes de sécurité . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-8. Informations relatives aux CEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 3 − DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 4 − SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1. Weld, Power, and Engine Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2. Dimensions, Weights, And Operating Angles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3. Duty Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4. Fuel Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5. Volt-Ampere Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6. Generator Power Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 5 − INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1. Serial Number And Rating Label Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2. Installing Welding Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3. Grounding Generator To Truck Or Trailer Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-4. Installing Exhaust Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-5. Engine Prestart Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-6. Connecting Or Replacing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-7. Weld Output Terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-8. Connecting To Weld Output Terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-9. Selecting Weld Cable Sizes* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 6 − OPERATING THE WELDING GENERATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1. Front Panel Controls (See Section 6-2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2. Front Panel Control Descriptions (See Section 6-1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3. Amperage Selection Table For Stick (SMAW) Electrodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4. Cold Weather Engine Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 7 − OPERATING AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1. Standard Receptacles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-2. GFCI Receptacle Information, Resetting And Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3. Wiring Optional 240 Volt Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 8 − MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1. Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-2. Maintenance Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-3. Servicing Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
8-4. Changing Engine Oil And Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-5. Adjusting Engine Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6. Overload Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7. Servicing Optional Spark Arrestor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 9 − TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-1. Welding Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-2. Generator Power Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-3. Engine Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 10 − PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-1. Recommended Spare Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 11 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 12 − GENERATOR POWER GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 13 − STICK WELDING (SMAW) GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WARRANTY
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SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS − READ BEFORE USING
rom_2011−10
Protect yourself and others from injury — read, follow, and save these important safety precautions and operating instructions.
1-1. Symbol Usage
DANGER! − Indicates a hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. The
possible hazards are shown in the adjoining symbols
or explained in the text.
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury. The possible
hazards are shown in the adjoining symbols or explained in the text.
NOTICE − Indicates statements not related to personal injury.
Indicates special instructions.
This group of symbols means Warning! Watch Out! ELECTRIC
SHOCK, MOVING PARTS, and HOT PARTS hazards. Consult symbols and related instructions below for necessary actions to avoid the
hazards.
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards
The symbols shown below are used throughout this manual
to call attention to and identify possible hazards. When you
see the symbol, watch out, and follow the related instructions
to avoid the hazard. The safety information given below is
only a summary of the more complete safety information
found in the Safety Standards listed in Section 1-7. Read and
follow all Safety Standards.
Only qualified persons should install, operate, maintain, and
repair this unit.
During operation, keep everybody, especially children, away.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks or
severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also live
when power is on. In semiautomatic or automatic wire
welding, the wire, wire reel, drive roll housing, and all
metal parts touching the welding wire are electrically
live. Incorrectly installed or improperly grounded
equipment is a hazard.
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers big enough to prevent any physical contact with the work
or ground.
Do not use AC output in damp areas, if movement is confined, or if
there is a danger of falling.
Use AC output ONLY if required for the welding process.
If AC output is required, use remote output control if present on
unit.
Additional safety precautions are required when any of the following electrically hazardous conditions are present: in damp
locations or while wearing wet clothing; on metal structures such
as floors, gratings, or scaffolds; when in cramped positions such
as sitting, kneeling, or lying; or when there is a high risk of unavoidable or accidental contact with the workpiece or ground. For these
conditions, use the following equipment in order presented: 1) a
semiautomatic DC constant voltage (wire) welder, 2) a DC manual
(stick) welder, or 3) an AC welder with reduced open-circuit voltage. In most situations, use of a DC, constant voltage wire welder
is recommended. And, do not work alone!
Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lockout/tagout input power according to
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (see Safety Standards).
Properly install, ground, and operate this equipment according to
its Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
Always verify the supply ground — check and be sure that input
power cord ground wire is properly connected to ground terminal in
disconnect box or that cord plug is connected to a properly
grounded receptacle outlet.
When making input connections, attach proper grounding conductor first − double-check connections.
Keep cords dry, free of oil and grease, and protected from hot metal
and sparks.
Frequently inspect input power cord for damage or bare wiring —
replace cord immediately if damaged — bare wiring can kill.
Turn off all equipment when not in use.
Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
Do not drape cables over your body.
If earth grounding of the workpiece is required, ground it directly
with a separate cable.
Do not touch electrode if you are in contact with the work, ground,
or another electrode from a different machine.
Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once. Maintain unit according to manual.
Do not touch electrode holders connected to two welding machines at the same time since double open-circuit voltage will be
present.
Wear a safety harness if working above floor level.
Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
Clamp work cable with good metal-to-metal contact to workpiece
or worktable as near the weld as practical.
Insulate work clamp when not connected to workpiece to prevent
contact with any metal object.
Do not connect more than one electrode or work cable to any
single weld output terminal. Disconnect cable for process not in
use.
SIGNIFICANT DC VOLTAGE exists in inverter power
sources AFTER stopping engine.
Stop engine on inverter and discharge input capacitors according
to instructions in Maintenance Section before touching any parts.
HOT PARTS can burn.
Do not touch hot parts bare handed.
Allow cooling period before working on equipment.
To handle hot parts, use proper tools and/or wear heavy, insulated welding gloves and clothing to prevent burns.
FLYING METAL or DIRT can injure eyes.
Welding, chipping, wire brushing, and grinding
cause sparks and flying metal. As welds cool,
they can throw off slag.
Wear approved safety glasses with side shields even under your
welding helmet.
OM-237 711 Page 1
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing these
fumes and gases can be hazardous to your health.
Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breathe the fumes.
If inside, ventilate the area and/or use local forced ventilation at the
arc to remove welding fumes and gases.
If ventilation is poor, wear an approved air-supplied respirator.
Read and understand the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
and the manufacturer’s instructions for metals, consumables,
coatings, cleaners, and degreasers.
Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Always have a trained watchperson nearby. Welding fumes and gases can displace air and
lower the oxygen level causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air is safe.
Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to form
highly toxic and irritating gases.
Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the weld
area, the area is well ventilated, and while wearing an air-supplied
respirator. The coatings and any metals containing these elements
can give off toxic fumes if welded.
BUILDUP OF GAS can injure or kill.
Shut off compressed gas supply when not in use.
Always ventilate confined spaces or use approved air-supplied respirator.
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin.
Arc rays from the welding process produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays that
can burn eyes and skin. Sparks fly off from the weld.
Wear an approved welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of filter
lenses to protect your face and eyes from arc rays and sparks
when welding or watching (see ANSI Z49.1 and Z87.1 listed in
Safety Standards).
Wear approved safety glasses with side shields under your
helmet.
Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash,
glare, and sparks; warn others not to watch the arc.
Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant material (leather, heavy cotton, or wool) and foot protection.
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
Welding on closed containers, such as tanks, drums,
or pipes, can cause them to blow up. Sparks can fly off
from the welding arc. The flying sparks, hot workpiece,
and hot equipment can cause fires and burns. Accidental contact of
electrode to metal objects can cause sparks, explosion, overheating,
or fire. Check and be sure the area is safe before doing any welding.
Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding arc. If
this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding can
easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition can
cause fire on the hidden side.
OM-237 711 Page 2
Do not weld on containers that have held combustibles, or on
closed containers such as tanks, drums, or pipes unless they are
properly prepared according to AWS F4.1 and AWS A6.0 (see
Safety Standards).
Do not weld where the atmosphere may contain flammable dust,
gas, or liquid vapors (such as gasoline).
Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area as
practical to prevent welding current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock, sparks, and fire hazards.
Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire at
contact tip when not in use.
Wear oil-free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy
shirt, cuffless trousers, high shoes, and a cap.
Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter or matches,
from your person before doing any welding.
After completion of work, inspect area to ensure it is free of sparks,
glowing embers, and flames.
Use only correct fuses or circuit breakers. Do not oversize or bypass them.
Follow requirements in OSHA 1910.252 (a) (2) (iv) and NFPA 51B
for hot work and have a fire watcher and extinguisher nearby.
NOISE can damage hearing.
Noise from some processes or equipment can damage hearing.
Wear approved ear protection if noise level is
high.
ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS (EMF)
can affect Implanted Medical Devices.
Wearers of Pacemakers and other Implanted
Medical Devices should keep away.
Implanted Medical Device wearers should consult their doctor
and the device manufacturer before going near arc welding, spot
welding, gouging, plasma arc cutting, or induction heating
operations.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Compressed gas cylinders contain gas under high
pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since
gas cylinders are normally part of the welding process,
be sure to treat them carefully.
Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical shocks, physical damage, slag, open flames, sparks, and arcs.
Install cylinders in an upright position by securing to a stationary
support or cylinder rack to prevent falling or tipping.
Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical circuits.
Never drape a welding torch over a gas cylinder.
Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
Never weld on a pressurized cylinder — explosion will result.
Use only correct compressed gas cylinders, regulators, hoses,
and fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them
and associated parts in good condition.
Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
Use the right equipment, correct procedures, and sufficient number of persons to lift and move cylinders.
Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and Compressed Gas Association (CGA)
publication P-1 listed in Safety Standards.
1-3. Engine Hazards
BATTERY EXPLOSION can injure.
Always wear a face shield, rubber gloves, and
protective clothing when working on a battery.
Stop engine before disconnecting or connecting battery cables, battery charging cables (if
applicable), or servicing battery.
Do not allow tools to cause sparks when working on a battery.
Do not use welder to charge batteries or jump start vehicles unless the unit has a battery charging feature designed for this purpose.
Observe correct polarity (+ and −) on batteries.
Disconnect negative (−) cable first and connect it last.
Keep sparks, flames, cigarettes, and other ignition sources
away from batteries. Batteries produce explosive gases during
normal operation and when being charged.
Follow battery manufacturer’s instructions when working on or
near a battery.
FUEL can cause fire or explosion.
Stop engine and let it cool off before checking or
adding fuel.
Do not add fuel while smoking or if unit is near
any sparks or open flames.
Do not overfill tank — allow room for fuel to expand.
Do not spill fuel. If fuel is spilled, clean up before starting engine.
Dispose of rags in a fireproof container.
Always keep nozzle in contact with tank when fueling.
MOVING PARTS can injure.
Keep away from moving parts such as fans,
belts, and rotors.
Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards
closed and securely in place.
Stop engine before installing or connecting unit.
Have only qualified persons remove doors, panels, covers, or
guards for maintenance and troubleshooting as necessary.
To prevent accidental starting during servicing, disconnect
negative (−) battery cable from battery.
Keep hands, hair, loose clothing, and tools away from moving
parts.
Reinstall doors, panels, covers, or guards when servicing is
finished and before starting engine.
Before working on generator, remove spark plugs or injectors to
keep engine from kicking back or starting.
Block flywheel so that it will not turn while working on generator
components.
EXHAUST SPARKS can cause fire.
Do not let engine exhaust sparks cause fire.
Use approved engine exhaust spark arrestor in
required areas — see applicable codes.
HOT PARTS can burn.
Do not touch hot parts bare handed.
Allow cooling period before working on equipment.
To handle hot parts, use proper tools and/or
wear heavy, insulated welding gloves and
clothing to prevent burns.
STEAM AND HOT COOLANT can burn.
If possible, check coolant level when engine is
cold to avoid scalding.
Always check coolant level at overflow tank, if
present on unit, instead of radiator (unless told
otherwise in maintenance section or engine
manual).
If the engine is warm, checking is needed, and there is no overflow tank, follow the next two statements.
Wear safety glasses and gloves and put a rag over radiator cap.
Turn cap slightly and let pressure escape slowly before
completely removing cap.
Using a generator indoors CAN KILL
YOU IN MINUTES.
Generator exhaust contains carbon monoxide.
This is a poison you cannot see or smell.
NEVER use inside a home or garage, EVEN IF
doors and windows are open.
Only use OUTSIDE and far away from windows, doors, and
vents.
BATTERY ACID can BURN SKIN and EYES.
Do not tip battery.
Replace damaged battery.
Flush eyes and skin immediately with water.
ENGINE HEAT can cause fire.
Do not locate unit on, over, or near combustible
surfaces or flammables.
Keep exhaust and exhaust pipes way from
flammables.
1-4. Compressed Air Hazards
COMPRESSED AIR EQUIPMENT can
injure or kill.
Incorrect installation or operation of this unit
could result in equipment failure and personal
injury. Only qualified persons should install, operate, and service this unit according to its
Owner’s Manual, industry standards, and national, state, and local codes.
Do not exceed the rated output or capacity of the compressor or
any equipment in the compressed air system. Design compressed
air system so failure of any component will not put people or property at risk.
Before working on compressed air system, turn off and lockout/
tagout unit, release pressure, and be sure air pressure cannot be
accidentally applied.
Do not work on compressed air system with unit running unless
you are a qualified person and following the manufacturer’s instructions.
Do not modify or alter compressor or manufacturer-supplied
equipment. Do not disconnect, disable, or override any safety
equipment in the compressed air system.
Use only components and accessories approved by the manufacturer.
Keep away from potential pinch points or crush points created by
equipment connected to the compressed air system.
Do not work under or around any equipment that is supported only
by air pressure. Properly support equipment by mechanical
means.
OM-237 711 Page 3
HOT METAL from air arc cutting and
gouging can cause fire or explosion.
Do not cut or gouge near flammables.
Watch for fire; keep extinguisher nearby.
COMPRESSED AIR can injure or kill.
Before working on compressed air system,
turn off and lockout/tagout unit, release pressure, and be sure air pressure cannot be accidentally applied.
Relieve pressure before disconnecting or connecting air lines.
Check compressed air system components
and all connections and hoses for damage,
leaks, and wear before operating unit.
Do not direct air stream toward self or others.
Wear protective equipment such as safety glasses, hearing protection, leather gloves, heavy shirt and trousers, high shoes, and
a cap when working on compressed air system.
Use soapy water or an ultrasonic detector to search for
leaks−−never use bare hands. Do not use equipment if leaks are
found.
Reinstall doors, panels, covers, or guards when servicing is
finished and before starting unit.
If ANY air is injected into the skin or body seek medical help immediately.
BREATHING COMPRESSED AIR can injure or kill.
Do not use compressed air for breathing.
Use only for cutting, gouging, and tools.
TRAPPED AIR PRESSURE AND WHIPPING
HOSES can injure.
Release air pressure from tools and system before servicing, adding or changing attachments, or opening compressor oil drain or oil fill
cap.
MOVING PARTS can injure.
Keep away from moving parts such as fans,
belts and rotors.
Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards
closed and securely in place.
Keep hands, hair, loose clothing, and tools away from moving
parts.
Before working on compressed air system, turn off and lockout/
tagout unit, release pressure, and be sure air pressure cannot be
accidentally applied.
Have only qualified people remove guards or covers for maintenance and troubleshooting as necessary.
Reinstall doors, panels, covers, or guards when servicing is
finished and before starting engine.
HOT PARTS can burn.
Do not touch hot compressor or air system
parts.
Allow cooling period before working on equipment.
To handle hot parts, use proper tools and/or wear heavy, insulated welding gloves and clothing to prevent burns.
READ INSTRUCTIONS.
Read and follow all labels and the Owner’s
Manual carefully before installing, operating, or
servicing unit. Read the safety information at
the beginning of the manual and in each
section.
Use only genuine replacement parts from the manufacturer.
Perform maintenance and service according to the Owner’s
Manuals, industry standards, and national, state, and local
codes.
1-5. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance
FIRE OR EXPLOSION hazard.
Do not install or place unit on, over, or near
combustible surfaces.
Do not install unit near flammables.
Do not overload building wiring − be sure power supply system is
properly sized, rated, and protected to handle this unit.
OVERHEATING can damage motors.
Turn off or unplug equipment before starting or
stopping engine.
Do not let low voltage and frequency caused by
low engine speed damage electric motors.
Do not connect 50 or 60 Hertz motors to the 100 Hertz receptacle
where applicable.
FALLING EQUIPMENT can injure.
Use lifting eye to lift unit and properly installed
accessories only, NOT gas cylinders. Do not
exceed maximum lift eye weight rating (see
Specifications).
Use equipment of adequate capacity to lift and
support unit.
If using lift forks to move unit, be sure forks are long enough to
extend beyond opposite side of unit.
Keep equipment (cables and cords) away from moving vehicles
when working from an aerial location.
Follow the guidelines in the Applications Manual for the Revised
NIOSH Lifting Equation (Publication No. 94−110) when manually lifting heavy parts or equipment.
OM-237 711 Page 4
FLYING SPARKS can injure.
Wear a face shield to protect eyes and face.
Shape tungsten electrode only on grinder with
proper guards in a safe location wearing proper
face, hand, and body protection.
Sparks can cause fires — keep flammables away.
MOVING PARTS can injure.
Keep away from moving parts.
Keep away from pinch points such as drive
rolls.
BATTERY CHARGING OUTPUT and BATTERY
EXPLOSION can injure.
STATIC (ESD) can damage PC boards.
Put on grounded wrist strap BEFORE handling
boards or parts.
Use proper static-proof bags and boxes to
store, move, or ship PC boards.
Battery charging not present on all models.
Always wear a face shield, rubber gloves, and protective
clothing when working on a battery.
Stop engine before disconnecting or connecting battery cables,
battery charging cables (if applicable), or servicing battery.
Do not allow tools to cause sparks when working on a battery.
Do not use welder to charge batteries or jump start vehicles unless it has a battery charging feature designed for this purpose.
Observe correct polarity (+ and −) on batteries.
Disconnect negative (−) cable first and connect it last.
Keep sparks, flames, cigarettes, and other ignition sources
away from batteries. Batteries produce explosive gases during
normal operation and when being charged.
Follow battery manufacturer’s instructions when working on or
near a battery.
Have only qualified persons do battery charging work.
If battery is being removed from a vehicle for charging, disconnect negative (−) cable first and connect it last. To prevent an arc,
make sure all accessories are off.
Charge lead-acid batteries only. Do not use battery charger to
supply power to an extra-low-voltage electrical system or to
charge dry cell batteries.
Do not charge a frozen battery.
Do not use damaged charging cables.
Do not charge batteries in a closed area or where ventilation is
restricted.
Do not charge a battery that has loose terminals or one showing
damage such as a cracked case or cover.
Before charging battery, select correct charger voltage to match
battery voltage.
Set battery charging controls to the Off position before connecting to battery. Do not allow battery charging clips to touch each
other.
Keep charging cables away from vehicle hood, door, or moving
parts.
TILTING OF TRAILER can injure.
Use tongue jack or blocks to support weight.
Properly install welding generator onto trailer
according to instructions supplied with trailer.
READ INSTRUCTIONS.
Read and follow all labels and the Owner’s
Manual carefully before installing, operating, or
servicing unit. Read the safety information at
the beginning of the manual and in each
section.
Use only genuine replacement parts from the manufacturer.
Perform maintenance and service according to the Owner’s
Manuals, industry standards, and national, state, and local
codes.
H.F. RADIATION can cause interference.
High-frequency (H.F.) can interfere with radio
navigation, safety services, computers, and
communications equipment.
Have only qualified persons familiar with
electronic equipment perform this installation.
The user is responsible for having a qualified electrician
promptly correct any interference problem resulting from the
installation.
If notified by the FCC about interference, stop using the
equipment at once.
Have the installation regularly checked and maintained.
Keep high-frequency source doors and panels tightly shut, keep
spark gaps at correct setting, and use grounding and shielding to
minimize the possibility of interference.
ARC WELDING can cause interference.
WELDING WIRE can injure.
Do not press gun trigger until instructed to do
so.
Do not point gun toward any part of the body,
other people, or any metal when threading
welding wire.
OVERUSE can cause OVERHEATING.
Allow cooling period; follow rated duty cycle.
Reduce current or reduce duty cycle before
starting to weld again.
Do not block or filter airflow to unit.
Electromagnetic energy can interfere with
sensitive electronic equipment such as microprocessors, computers, and computer-driven
equipment such as robots.
Be sure all equipment in the welding area is
electromagnetically compatible.
To reduce possible interference, keep weld cables as short as
possible, close together, and down low, such as on the floor.
Locate welding operation 100 meters from any sensitive electronic equipment.
Be sure this welding machine is installed and grounded
according to this manual.
If interference still occurs, the user must take extra measures
such as moving the welding machine, using shielded cables,
using line filters, or shielding the work area.
OM-237 711 Page 5
1-6. California Proposition 65 Warnings
Welding or cutting equipment produces fumes or gases
which contain chemicals known to the State of California to
cause birth defects and, in some cases, cancer. (California
Health & Safety Code Section 25249.5 et seq.)
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead
and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
For Gasoline Engines:
Engine exhaust contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
For Diesel Engines:
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth
defects, and other reproductive harm.
This product contains chemicals, including lead, known to
the state of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after use.
1-7. Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
is available as a free download from the American Welding Society at
http://www.aws.org or purchased from Global Engineering Documents
(phone: 1-877-413-5184, website: www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers and Piping for Welding
and Cutting, American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from Global Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website:
www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for Welding and Cutting Containers that have Held Combustibles, American Welding Society Standard AWS A6.0, from Global
Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184,
website: www.global.ihs.com).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website:
www.nfpa.org and www. sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 14501 George Carter Way,
Suite 103, Chantilly, VA 20151 (phone: 703-788-2700,
website:www.cganet.com).
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, CSA Standard
W117.2, from Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 5060
Spectrum Way, Suite 100, Ontario, Canada L4W 5NS (phone:
800-463-6727, website: www.csa-international.org).
Battery Chargers, CSA Standard C22.2 NO 107.2−01, from Canadian
Standards Association, Standards Sales, 5060 Spectrum Way, Suite
100, Ontario, Canada L4W 5NS (phone: 800-463-6727, website:
www.csa-international.org).
Safe Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute,
25 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036 (phone: 212-642-4900, website: www.ansi.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association,
Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website: www.nfpa.org.)
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954
(phone: 1-866-512-1800) (there are 10 OSHA Regional Offices—
phone for Region 5, Chicago, is 312-353-2220, website:
www.osha.gov).
Portable Generators Safety Alert, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814
(phone: 301-504-7923, website: www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/portgen.pdf).
Applications Manual for the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 1600
Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333 (phone: 1-800-232-4636, website:
www.cdc.gov/NIOSH).
1-8. EMF Information
Electric current flowing through any conductor causes localized electric
and magnetic fields (EMF). Welding current creates an EMF field
around the welding circuit and welding equipment. EMF fields may interfere with some medical implants, e.g. pacemakers. Protective
measures for persons wearing medical implants have to be taken. For
example, restrict access for passers−by or conduct individual risk assessment for welders. All welders should use the following procedures
in order to minimize exposure to EMF fields from the welding circuit:
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them, or using a
cable cover.
2. Do not place your body between welding cables. Arrange cables
to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cables around your body.
OM-237 711 Page 6
4. Keep head and trunk as far away from the equipment in the
welding circuit as possible.
5. Connect work clamp to workpiece as close to the weld as
possible.
6. Do not work next to, sit or lean on the welding power source.
7. Do not weld whilst carrying the welding power source or wire
feeder.
About Implanted Medical Devices:
Implanted Medical Device wearers should consult their doctor and the
device manufacturer before performing or going near arc welding, spot
welding, gouging, plasma arc cutting, or induction heating operations.
If cleared by your doctor, then following the above procedures is recommended.
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT
UTILISATION
fre_rom_2011−10
Pour écarter les risques de blessure pour vous−même et pour autrui — lire, appliquer et ranger en lieu sûr ces consignes relatives
aux précautions de sécurité et au mode opératoire.
2-1. Signification des symboles
DANGER! − Indique une situation dangereuse qui si on
l’évite pas peut donner la mort ou des blessures graves.
Les dangers possibles sont montrés par les symboles
joints ou sont expliqués dans le texte.
Indique une situation dangereuse qui si on l’évite pas
peut donner la mort ou des blessures graves. Les dangers possibles sont montrés par les symboles joints ou
sont expliqués dans le texte.
NOTE − Indique des déclarations pas en relation avec des blessures
personnelles.
Indique des instructions spécifiques.
Ce groupe de symboles veut dire Avertissement! Attention! DANGER
DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE, PIECES EN MOUVEMENT, et PIECES
CHAUDES. Consulter les symboles et les instructions ci-dessous y
afférant pour les actions nécessaires afin d’éviter le danger.
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc
Les symboles présentés ci-après sont utilisés tout au long du
présent manuel pour attirer votre attention et identifier les risques de danger. Lorsque vous voyez un symbole, soyez
vigilant et suivez les directives mentionnées afin d’éviter tout
danger. Les consignes de sécurité présentées ci-après ne
font que résumer l’information contenue dans les normes de
sécurité énumérées à la section 1-7. Veuillez lire et respecter
toutes ces normes de sécurité.
L’installation, l’utilisation, l’entretien et les réparations ne
doivent être confiés qu’à des personnes qualifiées.
Au cours de l’utilisation, tenir toute personne à l’écart et plus
particulièrement les enfants.
UN CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE peut tuer.
Un simple contact avec des pièces électriques peut
provoquer une électrocution ou des blessures graves. L’électrode et le circuit de soudage sont sous
tension dès que l’appareil est sur ON. Le circuit
d’entrée et les circuits internes de l’appareil sont
également sous tension à ce moment-là. En soudage
semi-automatique ou automatique, le fil, le dévidoir, le
logement des galets d’entraînement et les pièces
métalliques en contact avec le fil de soudage sont
sous tension. Des matériels mal installés ou mal mis
à la terre présentent un danger.
Ne jamais toucher les pièces électriques sous tension.
Porter des gants et des vêtements de protection secs ne comportant pas de trous.
S’isoler de la pièce et de la terre au moyen de tapis ou d’autres
moyens isolants suffisamment grands pour empêcher le contact
physique éventuel avec la pièce ou la terre.
Ne pas se servir de source électrique à courant électrique dans les
zones humides, dans les endroits confinés ou là où on risque de
tomber.
Se servir d’une source électrique à courant électrique UNIQUEMENT si le procédé de soudage le demande.
Si l’utilisation d’une source électrique à courant électrique s’avère
nécessaire, se servir de la fonction de télécommande si l’appareil
en est équipé.
Des précautions de sécurité supplémentaires sont requises dans
des environnements à risque comme: les endroits humides ou
lorsque l’on porte des vêtements mouillés; sur des structures métalliques au sol, grillages et échafaudages; dans des positions
assises, à genoux et allongées; ou quand il y a un risque important
de contact accidentel avec la pièce ou le sol. Dans ces cas utiliser
les appareils suivants dans l’ordre de préférence: 1) un poste à
souder DC semi−automatique de type CV (MIG/MAG), 2) un poste
à souder manuel (électrode enrobée) DC, 3) un poste à souder
manuel AC avec tension à vide réduite. Dans la plupart des cas, un
poste courant continu de type CV est recommandé. Et, ne pas travailler seul!
Couper l’alimentation ou arrêter le moteur avant de procéder à
l’installation, à la réparation ou à l’entretien de l’appareil.
Déverrouiller l’alimentation selon la norme OSHA 29 CFR
1910.147 (voir normes de sécurité).
Installez, mettez à la terre et utilisez correctement cet équipement
conformément à son Manuel d’Utilisation et aux réglementations
nationales, gouvernementales et locales.
Installer et mettre à la terre correctement cet appareil conformément à son manuel d’utilisation et aux codes nationaux,
provinciaux et municipaux.
Toujours vérifier la terre du cordon d’alimentation − Vérifier et
s’assurer que le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation est bien
raccordé à la borne de terre du sectionneur ou que la fiche du
cordon est raccordée à une prise correctement mise à la terre.
En effectuant les raccordements d’entrée fixer d’abord le conducteur de mise à la terre approprié et contre-vérifier les connexions.
Les câbles doivent être exempts d’humidité, d’huile et de graisse;
protégez−les contre les étincelles et les pièces métalliques chaudes.
Vérifier fréquemment le cordon d’alimentation pour voir s’il n’est
pas endommagé ou dénudé − remplacer le cordon immédiatement
s’il est endommagé − un câble dénudé peut provoquer une électrocution.
Mettre l’appareil hors tension quand on ne l’utilise pas.
Ne pas utiliser des câbles usés, endommagés, de grosseur insuffisante ou mal épissés.
Ne pas enrouler les câbles autour du corps.
Si la pièce soudée doit être mise à la terre, le faire directement
avec un câble distinct − ne pas utiliser le connecteur de pièce ou le
câble de retour.
Ne pas toucher l’électrode quand on est en contact avec la pièce,
la terre ou une électrode provenant d’une autre machine.
Ne pas toucher des porte électrodes connectés à deux machines
en même temps à cause de la présence d’une tension à vide doublée.
N’utiliser qu’un matériel en bon état. Réparer ou remplacer
sur-le-champ les pièces endommagées. Entretenir l’appareil
conformément à ce manuel.
Porter un harnais de sécurité quand on travaille en hauteur.
Maintenir solidement en place tous les panneaux et capots.
Fixer le câble de retour de façon à obtenir un bon contact métalmétal avec la pièce à souder ou la table de travail, le plus près possible de la soudure.
Isoler la pince de masse quand pas mis à la pièce pour éviter le
contact avec tout objet métallique.
Ne pas raccorder plus d’une électrode ou plus d’un câble de
masse à une même borne de sortie de soudage. Débrancher le
câble pour le procédé non utilisé.
OM-237 711 Page 7
Il reste une TENSION DC NON NÉGLIGEABLE dans les
sources de soudage onduleur UNE FOIS le moteur coupé.
Couper l’alimentation du poste et décharger les condensateurs
d’entrée comme indiqué dans la Section Maintenance avant de
toucher des composants.
LES PIÈCES CHAUDES peuvent
provoquer des brûlures.
Ne pas toucher à mains nues les parties chaudes.
Prévoir une période de refroidissement avant
de travailler à l’équipement.
Ne pas toucher aux pièces chaudes, utiliser les outils recommandés et porter des gants de soudage et des vêtements épais pour
éviter les brûlures.
DES PIECES DE METAL ou DES
SALETES peuvent provoquer
des blessures dans les yeux.
Le soudage, l’écaillement, le passage de la pièce à la brosse en
fil de fer, et le meulage génèrent des étincelles et des particules
métalliques volantes. Pendant la période de refroidissement des
soudures, elles risquent de projeter du laitier.
Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux ou un écran
facial.
LES FUMÉES ET LES GAZ peuvent être dangereux.
Le soudage génère des fumées et des gaz. Leur
inhalation peut être dangereux pour votre santé.
Eloigner votre tête des fumées. Ne pas respirer les fumées.
À l’intérieur, ventiler la zone et/ou utiliser une ventilation forcée au
niveau de l’arc pour l’évacuation des fumées et des gaz de soudage.
Si la ventilation est médiocre, porter un respirateur anti-vapeurs
approuvé.
Lire et comprendre les spécifications de sécurité des matériaux
(MSDS) et les instructions du fabricant concernant les métaux, les
consommables, les revêtements, les nettoyants et les dégraisseurs.
Travailler dans un espace fermé seulement s’il est bien ventilé ou
en portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Demander toujours à
un surveillant dûment formé de se tenir à proximité. Des fumées et
des gaz de soudage peuvent déplacer l’air et abaisser le niveau
d’oxygène provoquant des blessures ou des accidents mortels.
S’assurer que l’air de respiration ne présente aucun danger.
Ne pas souder dans des endroits situés à proximité d’opérations
de dégraissage, de nettoyage ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et
les rayons de l’arc peuvent réagir en présence de vapeurs et former des gaz hautement toxiques et irritants.
Ne pas souder des métaux munis d’un revêtement, tels que l’acier
galvanisé, plaqué en plomb ou au cadmium à moins que le revêtement n’ait été enlevé dans la zone de soudure, que l’endroit soit
bien ventilé, et en portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Les
revêtements et tous les métaux renfermant ces éléments peuvent
dégager des fumées toxiques en cas de soudage.
LES ACCUMULATIONS DE GAZ
risquent de provoquer des blessures
ou même la mort.
Fermer l’alimentation du gaz comprimé en cas
de non utilisation.
Veiller toujours à bien aérer les espaces confinés ou se servir
d’un respirateur d’adduction d’air homologué.
OM-237 711 Page 8
LES RAYONS DE L’ARC peuvent
provoquer des brûlures dans les
yeux et sur la peau.
Le rayonnement de l’arc du procédé de soudage
génère des rayons visibles et invisibles intenses
(ultraviolets et infrarouges) susceptibles de provoquer des brûlures
dans les yeux et sur la peau. Des étincelles sont projetées pendant le
soudage.
Porter un casque de soudage approuvé muni de verres filtrants
approprié pour protéger visage et yeux pour protéger votre visage
et vos yeux pendant le soudage ou pour regarder (voir ANSI Z49.1
et Z87.1 énuméré dans les normes de sécurité).
Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux même sous
votre casque.
Avoir recours à des écrans protecteurs ou à des rideaux pour
protéger les autres contre les rayonnements les éblouissements
et les étincelles ; prévenir toute personne sur les lieux de ne pas
regarder l’arc.
Porter des vêtements confectionnés avec des matières résistantes et ignifuges (cuir, coton lourd ou laine) et des bottes de
protection.
LE SOUDAGE peut provoquer un
incendie ou une explosion.
Le soudage effectué sur des conteneurs fermés tels
que des réservoirs, tambours ou des conduites peut
provoquer leur éclatement. Des étincelles peuvent
être projetées de l’arc de soudure. La projection d’étincelles, des
pièces chaudes et des équipements chauds peut provoquer des
incendies et des brûlures. Le contact accidentel de l’électrode avec
des objets métalliques peut provoquer des étincelles, une explosion,
un surchauffement ou un incendie. Avant de commencer le soudage,
vérifier et s’assurer que l’endroit ne présente pas de danger.
Déplacer toutes les substances inflammables à une distance de
10,7 m de l’arc de soudage. En cas d’impossibilité les recouvrir
soigneusement avec des protections homologués.
Ne pas souder dans un endroit là où des étincelles peuvent tomber
sur des substances inflammables.
Se protéger et d’autres personnes de la projection d’étincelles et
de métal chaud.
Des étincelles et des matériaux chauds du soudage peuvent
facilement passer dans d’autres zones en traversant de petites
fissures et des ouvertures.
Surveiller tout déclenchement d’incendie et tenir un extincteur à
proximité.
Le soudage effectué sur un plafond, plancher, paroi ou séparation
peut déclencher un incendie de l’autre côté.
Ne pas effectuer le soudage sur des conteneurs fermés tels que
des réservoirs, tambours, ou conduites, à moins qu ils n aient
été préparés correctement conformément à AWS F4.1 et AWS
A6.0 (voir les Normes de Sécurité).
Ne soudez pas si l’air ambiant est chargé de particules, gaz, ou vapeurs inflammables (vapeur d’essence, par exemple).
Brancher le câble de masse sur la pièce le plus près possible de la
zone de soudage pour éviter le transport du courant sur une
longue distance par des chemins inconnus éventuels en provoquant des risques d’électrocution, d’étincelles et d’incendie.
Ne pas utiliser le poste de soudage pour dégeler des conduites gelées.
En cas de non utilisation, enlever la baguette d’électrode du porteélectrode ou couper le fil à la pointe de contact.
Porter des vêtements de protection dépourvus d’huile tels que des
gants en cuir, une chemise en matériau lourd, des pantalons sans
revers, des chaussures hautes et un couvre chef.
Avant de souder, retirer toute substance combustible de vos poches telles qu’un allumeur au butane ou des allumettes.
Une fois le travail achevé, assurez−vous qu’il ne reste aucune trace d’étincelles incandescentes ni de flammes.
Utiliser exclusivement des fusibles ou coupe−circuits appropriés.
Ne pas augmenter leur puissance; ne pas les ponter.
Suivre les recommandations dans OSHA 1910.252(a)(2)(iv) et
NFPA 51B pour les travaux à chaud et avoir de la surveillance et un
extincteur à proximité.
LE BRUIT peut affecter l’ouïe.
Le bruit des processus et des équipements peut
affecter l’ouïe.
Porter des protections approuvés pour les
oreilles si le niveau sonore est trop élevé.
Les CHAMPS ÉLECTROMAGNÉTIQUES
(CEM) peuvent affecter les implants médicaux.
Les porteurs de stimulateurs cardiaques et
autres implants médicaux doivent rester à
distance.
Les porteurs d’implants médicaux doivent consulter leur
médecin et le fabricant du dispositif avant de s’approcher de la
zone où se déroule du soudage à l’arc, du soudage par points, du
gougeage, de la découpe plasma ou une opération de chauffage
par induction.
Si des BOUTEILLES sont endommagées, elles pourront exploser.
Des bouteilles de gaz comprimé protecteur contiennent du gaz sous haute pression. Si une bouteille est
endommagée, elle peut exploser. Du fait que les bouteilles de gaz font
normalement partie du procédé de soudage, les manipuler avec
précaution.
Protéger les bouteilles de gaz comprimé d’une chaleur excessive,
des chocs mécaniques, des dommages physiques, du laitier, des
flammes ouvertes, des étincelles et des arcs.
Placer les bouteilles debout en les fixant dans un support stationnaire ou dans un porte-bouteilles pour les empêcher de tomber ou
de se renverser.
Tenir les bouteilles éloignées des circuits de soudage ou autres
circuits électriques.
Ne jamais placer une torche de soudage sur une bouteille à gaz.
Une électrode de soudage ne doit jamais entrer en contact avec
une bouteille.
Ne jamais souder une bouteille pressurisée − risque d’explosion.
Utiliser seulement des bouteilles de gaz comprimé, régulateurs,
tuyaux et raccords convenables pour cette application spécifique;
les maintenir ainsi que les éléments associés en bon état.
Ne pas tenir la tête en face de la sortie en ouvrant la soupape de la
bouteille.
Maintenir le chapeau de protection sur la soupape, sauf en cas
d’utilisation ou de branchement de la bouteille.
Utiliser les équipements corrects, les bonnes procédures et suffisamment de personnes pour soulever et déplacer les bouteilles.
Lire et suivre les instructions sur les bouteilles de gaz comprimé,
l’équipement connexe et le dépliant P-1 de la CGA (Compressed
Gas Association) mentionné dans les principales normes de sécurité.
2-3. Dangers existant en relation avec le moteur
L’EXPLOSION DE LA BATTERIE
peut provoquer des blessures.
Toujours porter une protection faciale, des
gants en caoutchouc et vêtements de protection lors d’une intervention sur la batterie.
Arrêter le moteur avant de débrancher ou de brancher des câbles
de batterie, des câbles de chargeur de batterie (le cas échéant) ou
de batterie d’entretien.
Eviter de provoquer des étincelles avec les outils en travaillant sur
la batterie.
Ne pas utiliser l’appareil de soudage pour charger des batteries ou
faire démarrer des véhicules à l’aide de câbles de démarrage, sauf
si l’appareil dispose d’une fonctionnalité de charge de batterie
destinée à cet usage.
Les PIÈCES MOBILES peuvent causer
des blessures.
S’abstenir de toucher des parties mobiles telles
que des ventilateurs, courroies et rotors.
Maintenir fermés et verrouillés les portes, panneaux,
recouvrements et dispositifs de protection.
Arrêter le moteur avant d’installer ou brancher l’appareil.
Lorsque cela est nécessaire pour des travaux d entretien et de
dépannage, faire retirer les portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou
dispositifs de protection uniquement par du personnel qualifié.
Les sources d’étincelles, flammes nues, cigarettes et autres
sources d’inflammation doivent être maintenues à l’écart des
batteries. Ces dernières produisent des gaz explosifs en
fonctionnement normal et en cours de charge.
Pour empêcher tout démarrage accidentel pendant les travaux
d’entretien, débrancher le câble négatif (−) de batterie de la borne.
Ne pas approcher les mains, cheveux, vêtements lâches et outils
des organes mobiles.
Remettre en place les portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou
dispositifs de protection à la fin des travaux d’entretien et avant de
mettre le moteur en marche.
Avant d’intervenir, déposer les bougies ou injecteurs pour éviter la
mise en route accidentelle du moteur.
Bloquer le volant moteur pour éviter sa rotation lors d’une
intervention sur le générateur.
Respecter les consignes du fabricant de la batterie pour
travailler sur une batterie ou à proximité.
LES ÉTINCELLES À L’ÉCHAPPEMENT
peuvent provoquer un incendie.
Observer la polarité correcte (+ et −) sur les batteries.
Débrancher le câble négatif (–) en premier lieu. Le rebrancher en
dernier lieu.
LE CARBURANT MOTEUR peut provoquer un incendie ou une explosion.
Arrêter le moteur avant de vérifier le niveau de
carburant ou de faire le plein.
Ne pas faire le plein en fumant ou proche d’une source d’étincelles ou d’une flamme nue.
Ne pas faire le plein de carburant à ras bord; prévoir de l’espace
pour son expansion.
Faire attention de ne pas renverser de carburant. Nettoyer tout
carburant renversé avant de faire démarrer le moteur.
Jeter les chiffons dans un récipient ignifuge.
Toujours garder le pistolet en contact avec le réservoir lors du
remplissage.
Empêcher les étincelles d’échappement du
moteur de provoquer un incendie.
Utiliser uniquement un pare-étincelles
approuvé − voir codes en vigueur.
LES PIÈCES CHAUDES peuvent
provoquer des brûlures.
Ne pas toucher des parties chaudes à mains
nues.
Prévoir une période de refroidissement avant de
travailler à l’équipement.
Ne pas toucher aux pièces chaudes, utiliser les outils recommandés et porter des gants de soudage et des vêtements épais pour
éviter les brûlures.
OM-237 711 Page 9
LA VAPEUR ET LE LIQUIDE DE
REFROIDISSEMENT CHAUD peuvent
provoquer des brûlures.
Il est préférable de vérifier le liquide de refroidissement une fois le moteur refroidi pour éviter
de se brûler.
Toujours vérifier le niveau de liquide de refroidissement dans le
vase d’expansion (si présent), et non dans le radiateur (sauf si précisé autrement dans la section maintenance du manuel du
moteur).
Si le moteur est chaud et que le liquide doit être vérifié, opérer comme suivant.
Mettre des lunettes de sécurité et des gants, placer un torchon sur
le bouchon du radiateur.
Dévisser le bouchon légèrement et laisser la vapeur s’échapper
avant d’enlever le bouchon.
L’ACIDE DE LA BATTERIE peut provoquer des brûlures dans les YEUX et
sur la PEAU.
Ne pas renverser la batterie.
Remplacer une batterie endommagée.
Rincer immédiatement les yeux et la peau à l’eau.
LA CHALEUR DU MOTEUR peut provoquer un incendie.
Ne pas placer l’appareil sur, au-dessus ou à
proximité de surfaces inflammables.
Tenir à distance les produits inflammables de l’échappement.
L’utilisation d’un groupe autonome
à l’intérieur PEUT VOUS TUER EN
QUELQUES MINUTES.
Les fumées d’un groupe autonome contient du
monoxyde de carbone. C’est un poison invisible et inodore.
JAMAIS utiliser dans une maison ou garage,
même avec les portes et fenêtres ouvertes.
Uniquement utiliser à l’EXTERIEUR, loin des portes, fenêtres et
bouches aération.
2-4. Dangers liés à l’air comprimé
Un ÉQUIPEMENT PNEUMATIQUE risque
de provoquer des blessures ou même
la mort.
Une installation ou une utilisation incorrecte de
cet appareil pourrait conduire à des dégâts
matériels ou corporels. Seul un personnel
qualifié est autorisé à installer, utiliser et
entretenir cet appareil conformément à son
manuel d’utilisation, aux normes industrielles et
aux codes nationaux, d’état ou locaux.
Ne pas dépasser le débit nominal ou la capacité du compresseur
ou de tout équipement du circuit d’air comprimé. Concevoir
le circuit d’air comprimé de telle sorte que la défaillance
d’un composant ne risque pas de provoquer un accident
matériel ou corporel.
Avant d’intervenir sur le circuit d’air comprimé, couper
l’alimentation électrique, verrouiller et étiqueter l’appareil,
détendre la pression et s’assurer que le circuit d’air ne peut être
mis sous pression par inadvertance.
Ne pas intervenir sur le circuit d’air comprimé lorsque l’appareil
fonctionne. Seul un personnel qualifié est autorisé, et appliquant
les consignes du fabricant.
Ne pas modifier ou altérer le compresseur ou les équipements
fournis par le fabricant. Ne pas débrancher, désactiver ou
neutraliser les équipements de sécurité du circuit d’air
comprimé.
Utiliser uniquement des composants et accessoires
homologués par le fabricant.
Se tenir à l’écart de tout point présentant un danger de pincement
ou d’écrasement créé par l’équipement raccordé au circuit d’air
comprimé.
Ne pas intervenir sous ou autour d’un équipement qui n’est
soutenu que par la pression pneumatique. Soutenir l’équipement
de façon appropriée par un moyen mécanique.
MÉTAL CHAUD provenant du découpage ou du gougeage à l’arc risque de
provoquer un incendie ou une explosion.
Ne pas découper ou gouger à proximité de
produits inflammables.
Attention aux risques d’incendie: tenir un extincteur à proximité.
L’AIR COMPRIMÉ risque de provoquer
des blessures ou même la mort.
Avant d’intervenir sur le circuit d’air comprimé,
couper l’alimentation électrique, verrouiller
et étiqueter l’appareil, détendre la pression
et s’assurer que le circuit d’air ne peut être mis
sous pression par inadvertance.
Détendre la pression avant de débrancher ou
de brancher des canalisations d’air.
Avant
d’utiliser
l’appareil,
contrôler
les composants du circuit d’air comprimé,
les branchements et les flexibles en
recherchant tout signe de détérioration, de fuite
et d’usure.
Ne pas diriger un jet d’air vers soi−même ou vers autrui.
Pour intervenir sur un circuit d’air comprimé, porter un équipement
de protection tel que des lunettes de sécurité, des gants de cuir,
une chemise et un pantalon en tissu résistant, des chaussures
montantes et une coiffe.
Pour rechercher des fuites, utiliser de l’eau savonneuse ou
un détecteur à ultrasons, jamais les mains nues. En cas
de détection de fuite, ne pas utiliser l’équipement.
Remettre les portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou dispositifs
de protection quand l’entretien est terminé et avant de mettre
en marche l’appareil.
En cas d’injection d’air dans la peau ou le corps, demander
immédiatement une assistance médicale.
OM-237 711 Page 10
L’INHALATION D’AIR COMPRIMÉ risque
de provoquer des blessures ou même
la mort.
Ne pas inhaler d’air comprimé.
Utiliser l’air comprimé uniquement pour
découper ou gouger ainsi que pour l’outillage
pneumatique.
Une PRESSION D’AIR RÉSIDUELLE
ET DES FLEXIBLES QUI FOUETTENT
risquent de provoquer des blessures.
Détendre la pression pneumatique des outils et
circuits avant d’entretenir, ajouter ou changer
des accessoires et avant d’ouvrir le bouchon
de vidange ou de remplissage d’huile
du compresseur.
Les PIÈCES MOBILES peuvent causer
des blessures.
S’abstenir de toucher des parties mobiles telles
que des ventilateurs, courroies et rotors.
Maintenir fermés et verrouillés les portes,
panneaux, recouvrements et dispositifs
de protection.
Ne pas approcher les mains, cheveux, vêtements lâches et outils
des organes mobiles.
Avant d’intervenir sur le circuit d’air comprimé, couper
l’alimentation électrique, verrouiller et étiqueter l’appareil,
détendre la pression et s’assurer que le circuit d’air ne peut être
mis sous pression par inadvertance.
Demander seulement à un personnel qualifié d’enlever
les dispositifs de sécurité ou les recouvrements pour effectuer,
s’il y a lieu, des travaux d’entretien et de dépannage.
Remettre en place les portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou
dispositifs de protection à la fin des travaux d’entretien et avant
de mettre le moteur en marche.
DES PIÈCES CHAUDES peuvent
provoquer des brûlures graves.
Ne pas toucher de pièces chaudes
du compresseur ou du circuit d’air.
Prévoir une période de refroidissement
avant d’intervenir sur l’équipement.
Ne pas toucher aux pièces chaudes, utiliser les outils
recommandés et porter des gants de soudage et
des vêtements épais pour éviter les brûlures.
LIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS.
Lire et appliquer les instructions sur les
étiquettes et le Mode d’emploi avant
l’installation, l’utilisation ou l’entretien de
l’appareil. Lire les informations de sécurité au
début du manuel et dans chaque section.
N’utiliser que les pièces de rechange recommandées par le
constructeur.
Effectuer l’entretien en respectant les manuels d’utilisation,
les normes industrielles et les codes nationaux, d’état et locaux.
2-5. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la maintenance
Risque D’INCENDIE OU
D’EXPLOSION.
Ne pas placer l’appareil sur, au-dessus ou
à proximité de surfaces inflammables.
Ne pas installer l’appareil à proximité de produits inflammables.
Ne pas surcharger l’installation électrique − s’assurer que l’alimentation est correctement dimensionnée et protégée avant de
mettre l’appareil en service.
LA CHUTE DE L’ÉQUIPEMENT
peut provoquer des blessures.
Utiliser l’anneau de levage pour lever l’appareil
et les accessoires correctement installées
seuls, PAS les bouteilles de gaz. Ne pas dépasser le poids nominal maximal de l’œilleton
(voir les spécifications).
Utiliser un équipement de levage de capacité suffisante pour
lever l’appareil.
En utilisant des fourches de levage pour déplacer l’unité, s’assurer que les fourches sont suffisamment longues pour dépasser
du côté opposé de l’appareil.
Tenir l’équipement (câbles et cordons) à distance des véhicules
mobiles lors de toute opération en hauteur.
Suivre les consignes du Manuel des applications pour l’équation
de levage NIOSH révisée (Publication Nº94−110) lors du levage
manuelle de pièces ou équipements lourds.
LE SURCHAUFFEMENT peut
endommager le moteur électrique.
Arrêter ou déconnecter l’équipement avant de
démarrer ou d’arrêter le moteur.
Ne pas laisser tourner le moteur trop lentement sous risque d’endommager le moteur électrique à cause d’une tension et d’une fréquence trop faibles.
Ne pas brancher de moteur de 50 ou de 60 Hz à la prise de 100 Hz,
s’il y a lieu.
LES ÉTINCELLES PROJETÉES
peuvent provoquer des blessures.
Porter un écran facial pour protéger le visage et
les yeux.
Affûter l’électrode au tungstène uniquement à
la meuleuse dotée de protecteurs. Cette manœuvre est à exécuter dans un endroit sûr lorsque l’on porte l’équipement homologué de protection du visage, des mains et du corps.
Les étincelles risquent de causer un incendie − éloigner toute
substance inflammable.
Les PIÈCES MOBILES peuvent
causer des blessures.
Ne pas s’approcher des organes mobiles.
Ne pas s’approcher des points de coincement
tels que des rouleaux de commande.
OM-237 711 Page 11
LA SORTIE DE RECHARGE et L’EXPLOSION DE LA BATTERIE peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
LES CHARGES ÉLECTROSTATIQUES peuvent endommager les
circuits imprimés.
Établir la connexion avec la barrette de terre
avant de manipuler des cartes ou des pièces.
La recharge de batterie n’existe pas sur tous les
modèles.
Toujours porter une protection faciale, des gants en caoutchouc
et vêtements de protection lors d’une intervention sur la batterie.
Arrêter le moteur avant de débrancher ou de brancher des
câbles de batterie, des câbles de chargeur de batterie (le cas
échéant) ou de batterie d’entretien.
Eviter de provoquer des étincelles avec les outils en travaillant
sur la batterie.
Ne pas utiliser l’appareil de soudage pour charger des batteries
ou faire démarrer des véhicules à l’aide de câbles de démarrage,
sauf si l’appareil dispose d’une fonctionnalité de charge de
batterie destinée à cet usage.
Observer la polarité correcte (+ et −) sur les batteries.
Débrancher le câble négatif (−) en premier lieu. Le rebrancher en
dernier lieu.
Les sources d’étincelles, flammes nues, cigarettes et autres
sources d’inflammation doivent être maintenues à l’écart des
batteries. Ces dernières produisent des gaz explosifs en
fonctionnement normal et en cours de charge.
Respecter les consignes du fabricant de la batterie pour
travailler sur une batterie ou à proximité.
Les opérations de charge de batterie ne doivent être effectuées
que par des personnes qualifiées.
Pour enlever la batterie d’un véhicule pour la recharge,
débrancher tout d’abord le câble négatif (−) et le rebrancher en
dernier lieu. Pour éviter un arc, s’assurer que tous les
accessoires sont débranchés.
Ne charger que des batteries plomb−acide. Ne pas utiliser le
chargeur de batterie pour alimenter un autre circuit électrique
basse tension ou pour charger des batteries sèches.
Ne pas charger une batterie gelée.
Ne pas utiliser de câbles de charge endommagés.
Ne pas charger des batteries dans un espace fermé ou en
l’absence d’une ventilation.
Ne pas charger une batterie dont les bornes sont desserrées ou
présentant une détérioration comme par exemple un boîtier ou
un couvercle fissuré.
Avant de charger une batterie, sélectionner la tension de charge
correspondant à la tension de la batterie.
Régler les commandes de charge de batterie sur la position
d’arrêt avant de brancher la batterie. Veiller à ce que les pinces
de charge ne se touchent pas.
Utiliser des pochettes et des boîtes antistatiques pour stocker,
déplacer ou expédier des cartes de circuits imprimes.
UNE REMORQUE QUI BASCULE peut
provoquer des blessures.
Utiliser les supports de la remorque ou des
blocs pour soutenir le poids.
Installer convenablement le poste sur la remorque comme indiqué dans le manuel s’y rapportant.
LIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS.
Lire et appliquer les instructions sur les
étiquettes et le Mode d’emploi avant
l’installation, l’utilisation ou l’entretien de
l’appareil. Lire les informations de sécurité au
début du manuel et dans chaque section.
N’utiliser que les pièces de rechange recommandées par le
constructeur.
Effectuer l’entretien en respectant les manuels d’utilisation,
les normes industrielles et les codes nationaux, d’état et locaux.
LE RAYONNEMENT HAUTE FRÉQUENCE (H.F.) risque de provoquer
des interférences.
Le rayonnement haute fréquence (H.F.) peut
provoquer des interférences avec les équipements de radio−navigation et de communication, les services de sécurité et les ordinateurs.
Demander seulement à des personnes qualifiées familiarisées
avec des équipements électroniques de faire fonctionner l’installation.
L’utilisateur est tenu de faire corriger rapidement par un électricien
qualifié les interférences résultant de l’installation.
Si le FCC signale des interférences, arrêter immédiatement l’appareil.
Effectuer régulièrement le contrôle et l’entretien de l’installation.
Maintenir soigneusement fermés les portes et les panneaux des
sources de haute fréquence, maintenir les éclateurs à une distance correcte et utiliser une terre et un blindage pour réduire les
interférences éventuelles.
Ranger les câbles de charge à distance du capot, des portes et
des pièces mobiles du véhicule.
LE SOUDAGE À L’ARC risque de
provoquer des interférences.
LES FILS DE SOUDAGE peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
Ne pas appuyer sur la gâchette avant d’en
avoir reçu l’instruction.
Ne pas diriger le pistolet vers soi, d’autres personnes ou toute pièce mécanique en engageant le fil de soudage.
L’EMPLOI EXCESSIF peut
SURCHAUFFER L’ÉQUIPEMENT.
Laisser l’équipement refroidir ; respecter le facteur de marche nominal.
Réduire le courant ou le facteur de marche
avant de poursuivre le soudage.
Ne pas obstruer les passages d’air du poste.
OM-237 711 Page 12
L’énergie électromagnétique risque de provoquer des interférences pour l’équipement électronique sensible tel que les ordinateurs et
l’équipement commandé par ordinateur tel que
les robots.
Veiller à ce que tout l’équipement de la zone de soudage soit
compatible électromagnétiquement.
Pour réduire la possibilité d’interférence, maintenir les câbles de
soudage aussi courts que possible, les grouper, et les poser
aussi bas que possible (ex. par terre).
Veiller à souder à une distance de 100 mètres de tout équipement électronique sensible.
Veiller à ce que ce poste de soudage soit posé et mis à la terre
conformément à ce mode d’emploi.
En cas d’interférences après avoir pris les mesures précédentes, il incombe à l’utilisateur de prendre des mesures supplémentaires telles que le déplacement du poste, l’utilisation de câbles blindés, l’utilisation de filtres de ligne ou la pose de protecteurs dans la zone de travail.
2-6. Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements
Les équipements de soudage et de coupage produisent des
fumées et des gaz qui contiennent des produits chimiques
dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent des malformations congénitales et, dans certains cas, des cancers.
(Code de santé et de sécurité de Californie, chapitre 25249.5
et suivants)
Pour les moteurs à essence :
Les gaz d’échappement des moteurs contiennent des produits chimiques dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils
provoquent des cancers et des malformations congénitales
ou autres problèmes de procréation.
Pour les moteurs diesel :
Les batteries, les bornes et autres accessoires contiennent
du plomb et des composés à base de plomb, produits chimiques dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent des
cancers et des malformations congénitales ou autres
problèmes de procréation. Se laver les mains après manipulation.
Les gaz d’échappement des moteurs diesel et certains de
leurs composants sont reconnus par l’État de Californie comme provoquant des cancers et des malformations
congénitales ou autres problèmes de procréation.
Ce produit contient des produits chimiques, notamment du
plomb, dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent
des cancers, des malformations congénitales ou d’autres
problèmes de procréation. Se laver les mains après
utilisation.
2-7. Principales normes de sécurité
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
is available as a free download from the American Welding Society at
http://www.aws.org or purchased from Global Engineering Documents
(phone: 1-877-413-5184, website: www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers and Piping for Welding
and Cutting, American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from Global Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website:
www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for Welding and Cutting Containers that have Held Combustibles, American Welding Society Standard AWS A6.0, from Global
Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184,
website: www.global.ihs.com).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website:
www.nfpa.org and www. sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 14501 George Carter Way,
Suite 103, Chantilly, VA 20151 (phone: 703-788-2700,
website:www.cganet.com).
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, CSA Standard
W117.2, from Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 5060
Spectrum Way, Suite 100, Ontario, Canada L4W 5NS (phone:
800-463-6727, website: www.csa-international.org).
Battery Chargers, CSA Standard C22.2 NO 107.2−01, from Canadian
Standards Association, Standards Sales, 5060 Spectrum Way, Suite
100, Ontario, Canada L4W 5NS (phone: 800-463-6727, website:
www.csa-international.org).
Safe Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute,
25 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036 (phone: 212-642-4900, website: www.ansi.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association,
Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website: www.nfpa.org.)
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954
(phone: 1-866-512-1800) (there are 10 OSHA Regional Offices—
phone for Region 5, Chicago, is 312-353-2220, website:
www.osha.gov).
Portable Generators Safety Alert, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814
(phone: 301-504-7923, website: www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/portgen.pdf).
Applications Manual for the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 1600
Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333 (phone: 1-800-232-4636, website:
www.cdc.gov/NIOSH).
2-8. Informations relatives aux CEM
Le courant électrique qui traverse tout conducteur génère des champs
électromagnétiques (CEM) à certains endroits. Le courant de soudage
crée un CEM autour du circuit et du matériel de soudage. Les CEM
peuvent créer des interférences avec certains implants médicaux
comme des stimulateurs cardiaques. Des mesures de protection pour
les porteurs d’implants médicaux doivent être prises: par exemple, des
restrictions d’accès pour les passants ou une évaluation individuelle
des risques pour les soudeurs. Tous les soudeurs doivent appliquer les
procédures suivantes pour minimiser l’exposition aux CEM provenant
du circuit de soudage:
4. Maintenir la tête et le torse aussi loin que possible du matériel du
circuit de soudage.
1. Rassembler les câbles en les torsadant ou en les attachant avec
du ruban adhésif ou avec une housse.
2. Ne pas se tenir au milieu des câbles de soudage. Disposer les
câbles d’un côté et à distance de l’opérateur.
3. Ne pas courber et ne pas entourer les câbles autour de votre
corps.
En ce qui concerne les implants médicaux :
5. Connecter la pince sur la pièce aussi près que possible de la
soudure.
6. Ne pas travailler à proximité d’une source de soudage, ni
s’asseoir ou se pencher dessus.
7. Ne pas souder tout en portant la source de soudage ou le
dévidoir.
Les porteurs d’implants doivent d’abord consulter leur médecin avant
de s’approcher des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de soudage par
points, de gougeage, du coupage plasma ou de chauffage par induction. Si le médecin approuve, il est recommandé de suivre les
procédures précédentes.
OM-237 711 Page 13
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 3 − DEFINITIONS
3-1. Symbol Definitions
Stop Engine
Fast
(Run, Weld/Power)
Start Engine
Read Operator’s
Manual
Engine Oil
Fuel
Battery (Engine)
Engine
Engine Choke
Check Valve
Clearance
Do not switch while
welding
Work Connection
Positive
Negative
Alternating Current
(AC)
Output
Welding Arc
(Electrode)
Temperature
Stick (SMAW)
TIG (GTAW)
Seconds
Time
Protective Earth
(Ground)
Hours
h
s
Fast/Slow
(Run/Idle)
A
Amperes
Slow (Idle)
V
Volts
Circuit Protector
SECTION 4 − SPECIFICATIONS
4-1. Weld, Power, and Engine Specifications
Welding
Mode
CC/DC
Weld Output
Range
50 − 200 A
OM-237 711 Page 14
Rated
Welding
Output
200 A, 25 V,
20% Duty
Cycle
150 A, 25 V,
100% Duty
Cycle
Maximum
Open Circuit
Voltage
Generator Power Rating
Fuel
Capacity
Engine
80
Peak: 6.5 kVA/kW
Continuous: 5.5 kVA/kW,
Single-Phase,
46/23 A, 120/240 V AC,
60 Hz
(while not welding)
7 gal
(26.5 L) Tank
Subaru EX-40
Air-Cooled, One-Cylinder,
Four-Cycle, 14 HP
Gasoline Engine
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-2. Dimensions, Weights, And Operating Angles
10°
!
Do not exceed tilt angles or engine
could be damaged or unit could tip.
10°
!
Do not move or operate unit where it
could tip.
10°
Weight: 350 lb (159 kg)
Lifting Eye Weight Rating: 500 lb (227 kg)
10°
Support Assembly Dimensions
805 254 / BU Dwg.
OM-237 711 Page 15
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-3. Duty Cycle
Duty cycle is the percentage of 10
minutes that unit can weld at rated
load without overheating.
NOTICE − Exceeding duty cycle
can damage unit and void warranty.
This unit is rated for 100% duty
cycle at 150 amperes (continuous
welding) and 20% duty cycle at 200
amperes (two minutes welding,
eight minutes resting).
2 Minutes Welding
8 Minutes Resting
Continuous Welding
100% Duty Cycle at 150 Amperes
20% Duty Cycle at 200 Amperes
237 717-A
4-4. Fuel Consumption
Welding at 50% of rated load, fuel
consumption is approximately 0.64
gal (2.41 L) per hour.
Welding at 75% of rated load, fuel
consumption is approximately 0.77
gal (2.92 L) per hour.
Welding at 100% of rated load, fuel
consumption is approximately 0.94
gal (3.55 L) per hour.
237 716-A
OM-237 711 Page 16
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-5. Volt-Ampere Curves
The volt-ampere curve shows the
minimum and maximum voltage
and amperage output capabilities of
the welding generator. Curves of all
other settings fall between the
curves shown.
237 719-A
4-6. Generator Power Curve
The generator power curve shows
the generator power in amperes
available at the receptacles.
237 718-A
OM-237 711 Page 17
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 5 − INSTALLATION
5-1. Serial Number And Rating Label Locations
The serial number and rating information for this product is located on the front. Use rating label to determine input power requirements and/or rated
output. For future reference, write serial number in space provided on back cover of this manual.
5-2. Installing Welding Generator
Movement
!
Do not move or operate unit
where it could tip.
!
Do not lift unit from end.
!
Do not weld on base. Welding
on base can cause fuel tank fire
or explosion. Bolt unit down
using holes provided in base.
!
Always securely fasten welding generator onto transport
vehicle or trailer and comply
with all DOT and other applicable codes.
OR
NOTICE − Do not install unit where air
flow is restricted or engine may overheat.
Location / Airflow Clearance
See Section 4-2 for lifting eye rating.
OR
OR
Mounting:
!
Do not mount unit by supporting the base only at the four
mounting holes. Do not use
flexible mounts. Use crosssupports to adequately support unit and prevent damage
to base.
1
Cross-Supports
18 in
(460 mm)
18 in
(460 mm)
18 in
(460 mm)
Mount unit on flat surface or use
cross-supports to support base. See
Section 4-2.
18 in
(460 mm)
18 in
(460 mm)
Mounting
1
install2 2008-01 − Ref. 800 652 / Ref. 800 477-A / 803 274-A / 804 712
OM-237 711 Page 18
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-3. Grounding Generator To Truck Or Trailer Frame
1
2
GND/PE
3
rot_grnd2 2012−03 − 800 652-D
!
Always ground generator frame to
vehicle frame to prevent electric
shock and static electricity hazards.
!
Also see AWS Safety & Health Fact
Sheet No. 29, Grounding of Portable
And Vehicle Mounted Welding Generators.
!
Bed liners, shipping skids, and
some running gear insulate the
welding generator from the vehicle
!
frame. Always connect a ground
wire from the generator equipment
grounding terminal to bare metal on
the vehicle frame as shown.
1
Use GFCI protection when operating auxiliary equipment. If unit does
not have GFCI receptacles, use
GFCI-protected extension cord. Do
not use GFCI receptacles to power
life support equipment.
Connect cable from equipment ground
terminal to metal vehicle frame. Use #8
AWG or larger insulated copper wire.
2
3
Equipment Grounding Terminal (On
Front Panel)
Grounding Cable (Not Supplied)
Metal Vehicle Frame
Electrically bond generator frame to vehicle frame by metal-to-metal contact.
5-4. Installing Exhaust Pipe
!
Engine backfire can cause severe burns or other injuries. Do
not point exhaust pipe toward
control panel. Keep away from
exhaust outlet.
!
Point exhaust pipe in desired
direction but always away from
front panel and direction of
travel.
Be sure to tighten exhaust clamp
nuts. Exhaust clamp is supplied
with unit.
Tools Needed:
1/2 in.
805 254 / 801 681
OM-237 711 Page 19
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-5. Engine Prestart Checks
Full
Gasoline
Full
803 754-D / 217 015-A
Check all fluids daily. Engine must be cold
and on a level surface. Unit is shipped with
10W30 engine oil.
Follow
run-in procedure in engine
manual.
NOTICE − This unit has a low oil level
switch that stops the engine if oil level is low
or engine is operated at an angle exceeding 105. However, some conditions may
cause engine damage before the engine
shuts down. Check oil level often.
Open side service door.
OM-237 711 Page 20
Fuel
Add fresh fuel before starting engine the
first time (see maintenance label for specifications). Always leave filler neck empty to
allow room for expansion. Check fuel level
on a cold engine before use each day.
Change oil after first 20 hours of opera-
Oil
After fueling, check oil with unit on level
surface. If oil is not up to full mark on dipstick, add oil (see maintenance label).
Keep battery in good condition. Store
battery in warm area.
Do not
exceed the ”Full” mark on the
oil level dipstick. The fuel pump may
operate erratically if crankcase is overfilled.
tion and then every 100 hours.
To improve cold weather starting:
Use correct grade oil for cold weather.
Close side service door.
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-6. Connecting Or Replacing the Battery
!
Connect negative (−) battery
cable last.
1
Access Panel
To connect battery, remove battery access panel.
2
3
Rear Panel
Battery Holddown
To change battery, remove rear panel
and battery holddown.
+
−
Be sure battery cables are not pinched
when installing battery.
Tools Needed:
3/8, 1/2 in.
3
2
805 356 / 805 052
1
5-7. Weld Output Terminals
!
Stop engine.
1
Negative (−) Weld Output
Terminal
Positive (+) Weld Output
Terminal
2
For Direct Current Electrode Positive
(DCEP), connect work cable to Negative (−) terminal and electrode holder to Positive (+) terminal.
For Direct Current Electrode Negative (DCEN), connect work cable to
Positive (+) terminal and electrode
holder to Negative (−) terminal.
1
2
805 254 / 237 335
OM-237 711 Page 21
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-8. Connecting To Weld Output Terminals
2
1
!
Stop engine.
!
Failure to properly connect
weld cables may cause excessive heat and start a fire, or
damage your machine.
Do not place anything between
weld cable terminal and copper
bar. Make sure that the surfaces
of the weld cable terminal and
copper bar are clean.
6
3
1
2
3
4
4
5
6
5
Correct Weld Cable Connection
Incorrect Weld Cable
Connection
Weld Output Terminal
Supplied Weld Output Terminal
Nut
Weld Cable Terminal
Copper Bar
Remove supplied nut from weld output terminal. Slide weld cable terminal onto weld output terminal and secure with nut so that weld cable terminal is tight against copper bar.
Tools Needed:
3/4 in.
803 778-B
5-9. Selecting Weld Cable Sizes*
NOTICE − The Total Cable Length in Weld Circuit (see table below) is the combined length of both weld cables. For example, if the power source is
100 ft (30 m) from the workpiece, the total cable length in the weld circuit is 200 ft (2 cables x 100 ft). Use the 200 ft (60 m) column to determine cable
size.
Weld Cable Size** and Total Cable (Copper) Length in Weld Circuit
Not Exceeding***
Weld Output
Terminals
!
Turn off power before connecting to
weld output terminals.
!
Do not use worn,
damaged,
undersized, or poorly
spliced cables.
100 ft (30 m) or Less
200 ft
(60 m)
250 ft
(70 m)
300 ft
(90 m)
350 ft
400 ft
(105 m) (120 m)
10 − 60%
Duty
Cycle
60 − 100%
Duty
Cycle
AWG (mm2)
AWG (mm2)
100
4 (20)
4 (20)
4 (20)
3 (30)
2 (35)
1 (50)
1/0 (60)
1/0 (60)
150
3 (30)
3 (30)
2 (35)
1 (50)
1/0 (60)
2/0 (70)
3/0 (95)
3/0 (95)
200
3 (30)
2 (35)
1 (50)
1/0 (60)
2/0 (70)
3/0 (95)
4/0 (120)
4/0 (120)
250
2 (35)
1 (50)
1/0 (60)
2/0 (70)
3/0 (95)
4/0 (120)
2x2/0
(2x70)
2x2/0
(2x70)
300
1 (50)
1/0 (60)
2/0 (70)
3/0 (95)
4/0 (120)
2x2/0
(2x70)
2x3/0
(2x95)
2x3/0
(2x95)
Welding
Amperes
* This
150 ft
(45 m)
10 − 100% Duty Cycle
AWG (mm2)
chart is a general guideline and may not suit all applications. If cable overheats, use next size larger cable.
**Weld cable size (AWG) is based on either a 4 volts or less drop or a current density of at least 300 circular mils per ampere.
( ) = mm2 for metric use
***For distances longer than those shown in this guide, call a factory applications rep. at 920-735-4505 (Miller) or 1-800-332-3281 (Hobart).
Ref. S-0007-J 2011−07
OM-237 711 Page 22
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
Notes
OM-237 711 Page 23
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 6 − OPERATING THE WELDING GENERATOR
6-1. Front Panel Controls (See Section 6-2)
5
6
1
4
2
3
805 356 / 237 335-C
OM-237 711 Page 24
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6-2. Front Panel Control Descriptions (See Section 6-1)
1
Engine Control Switch
Use switch to start engine, select speed, and
stop engine. In Run/Idle position, engine runs
at idle speed at no load, and weld/power speed
under load. In Run position, engine runs at
weld/power speed.
Place switch in Run position to operate
To Start (Recoil): pull out choke and turn Engine Control switch to Run or Run/Idle position. Pull Recoil Starter Handle until engine
starts. Slowly push choke in when engine
starts.
Negative hours are shown when engine is
During cold
To reset, cycle Engine Control switch from
Run/Idle to Run three times within five seconds (engine off).
weather, some gasoline engines encounter difficulties that are easily
remedied. See Sections 6-4.
most MIG equipment.
2
Change oil after first 20 hours of operation
and then every 100 hours.
5
Engine Choke Control
To Stop: turn Engine Control switch to Off
position.
Use control to change engine air-fuel mix.
3
past recommended oil change interval.
Recoil Starter Handle
Use recoil starter handle to start engine if
Engine Control switch does not work.
To Start (Electric): pull out choke and turn Engine Control switch to Start position. Release
switch and slowly push choke in when engine
starts.
If the engine does not start, let engine
come to a complete stop before attempting restart.
4
Engine Hour Meter/Idle Control
Hour Meter: With engine off, place Engine
Control switch in Run/Idle position to view engine hours.
Oil Change Interval: With engine off, place Engine Control switch in the Run position to see
hours before next oil change. Oil hours start at
100 and count down to 0 (zero) (oil change
due).
Coarse Range Switch
NOTICE − Do not switch under load.
Use switch to select weld amperage range.
See Section 6-3 for information on amperage
settings for different Stick (SMAW) electrodes.
6
Fine Control
Use control to select weld amperage (Stick/
Tig) within the range selected by the Coarse
Range switch. Control may be adjusted while
welding.
Set control at 10 for maximum generator
power.
6-3. Amperage Selection Table For Stick (SMAW) Electrodes
Use table to determine the correct control settings for the electrode being used.
Electrode Type
Electrode Diameter
Coarse Range Setting
Fine Control Setting
6010
3/32 in.
Low 50 − 120
2
6010
1/8 in.
Low 50 − 120
9
6010
5/32 in.
High 70 − 200
3
7018
3/32 in.
Low 50 − 120
8
7018
1/8 in.
High 70 − 200
3
7018
5/32 in.
High 70 − 200
7
6-4. Cold Weather Engine Operation
Infrequently
Loaded
1
Frequently
Loaded
237 335
1
Engine Control Switch
Carburetor Icing
Carburetor icing causes the unit to drop
below the normal idle speed and then stall.
This condition occurs when the
temperature is near freezing and the
relative humidity is high. Ice forms on the
throttle plate and inner bore of the
carburetor. The engine typically restarts
without problems but soon stalls again.
Treat gasoline with a fuel de−icer
product (isopropyl alcohol).
Place the Engine Control switch in the
Run position.
Run engine only when expecting to
frequently load it.
Breather Icing
Oil breather/pulse line icing occurs in
severe cold (continuously below 0F).
Moisture accumulates in the oil from piston
ring blow−by if the engine is extensively
idled. This may cause vacuum line freezing,
oil breather tube freezing or ice in the
carburetor. All of these cause operating
problems. Due to ice in the lines, the engine
may not restart until it is warmed to above
freezing.
Load engine and reduce idle times to
prevent engine shutdowns.
Use an electric fuel pump to avoid pulse
line freezing.
OM-237 711 Page 25
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 7 − OPERATING AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
7-1. Standard Receptacles
4
5
3
2
1
237 335-C
!
!
Use GFCI protection when operating auxiliary equipment. If unit does
not have GFCI receptacles, use
GFCI-protected extension cord. Do
not use GFCI receptacles to power
life support equipment.
RC1 supplies 60 Hz single-phase power at
weld/power speed. Maximum output is 5.5
kVA/kW.
Unplug power cord before attempting to service accessories or tools.
!
Test GFCI monthly. See Section 7-2
for GFCI information and for resetting and testing procedures.
current increases.
3
Supplementary Protector CB1
Set Fine Control R1 at 10 for full generator power.
120/240 V 50 A AC Receptacle RC1
120 V 20 A AC Receptacles RC2
and RC3 (GFCI Receptacles Shown)
CB1 protects receptacles RC1, RC2, and
RC3 from overload. If CB1 opens, the receptacles do not work. Place switch in On
position to reset.
RC2 and RC3 supply 60 Hz single-phase
power at weld/power speed. Maximum output from RC2 or RC3 is 2.4 kVA/kW.
Generator power decreases as weld
1
2
OM-237 711 Page 26
4
Supplementary Protector CB2
5
Supplementary Protector CB3
CB2 protects RC2 and CB3 protects RC3
from overload. If a supplementary protector
opens, the receptacle does not work.
Press button to reset supplementary
protector. If supplementary protector
continues to open, contact Factory
Authorized Service Agent.
Combined output of all receptacles limited
to 11.0 kVA/kW rating of the generator.
EXAMPLE: If 15 A is drawn from each 120
V duplex receptacle, only 7 A is available at
the 240V receptacle:
2 x (120 V x 15 A) + (240 V x 7 A) = 5.5
kVA/kW
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
7-2. GFCI Receptacle Information, Resetting And Testing
1
2
3
4
!
Test and reset GFCI only at
Run speed and with controls
set for full generator power.
RotGFCI2 2012−05
!
Use GFCI protection when operating auxiliary equipment. If unit does
not have GFCI receptacles, use
GFCI-protected extension cord. Do
not use GFCI receptacle to power
life support equipment.
!
Unplug power cord before attempting to service accessories or tools.
1
2
disconnect power to the faulty equipment.
A GFCI receptacle does not protect against
circuit overloads, short circuits, or shocks
not related to ground faults. Reset and test
GFCI receptacle according to the following
procedures.
Resetting/Testing GFCI Receptacle
power) speed. Set front panel amperage
controls at Max to achieve full generator
power (see Section 6-2). Press GFCI Reset button. Reconnect equipment to GFCI
receptacle. If GFCI Reset button pops out
again, check the equipment and repair or
replace if faulty.
!
Test GFCI monthly. See Testing
GFCI Receptacle.
Testing GFCI Receptacles
!
Do not test or reset GFCI receptacles at idle speed/low voltage or
the GFCI will be damaged and not
provide protection from electric
shock caused by a ground fault.
120 V 20 A AC GFCI Receptacle
GFCI Receptacle Test Button
3
GFCI Receptacle Reset Button
4
GFCI Indicator Light (LED)
GFCI Receptacles
GFCI receptacles protect the user from
electric shock if a ground fault occurs in
equipment connected to the receptacle. A
ground fault occurs when electrical current
takes the shortest path to ground (which
could be through a person) rather than follow its intended safe path.
If a ground fault is detected, the GFCI Reset
button pops out, and the circuit opens to
!
If LED blinks, stop using GFCI receptacle and have it replaced by a
Factory Authorized Service Agent.
Resetting GFCI Receptacles
If a GFCI fault occurs, stop engine and disconnect equipment from GFCI receptacle.
Check for damaged or wet tools, cords,
plugs, etc. connected to the receptacle.
Start engine and operate at Run (weld/
GFCI testing must be done with engine
running at Run (weld/power) speed.
Start engine and operate at Run (weld/
power) speed. Set front panel amperage
controls at Max to achieve full generator
power (see Section 6-2).
Press the GFCI Test button. The GFCI Reset button should pop out.
Press the GFCI Reset button.
Have GFCI replaced by a Factory Authorized Service Agent if any of the following occur:
GFCI does not trip when tested
LED blinks
GFCI does not reset.
OM-237 711 Page 27
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
7-3. Wiring Optional 240 Volt Plug
The plug can be wired for a 240 V,
2-wire load or a 120/240V, 3-wire
load. See circuit diagram.
1
7
Current Available in Amperes
When wired for 120 V loads, each
duplex receptacle shares a load
with one half of 240 V receptacle.
240 V
Each 120 V Duplex
Receptacle*
Receptacle
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
20
20
20
20
20
15
10
5
0
V x A = Watts
Plug Wired for 120/240 V,
3-Wire Load
2
Plug Wired for 240 V, 2-Wire
Load
3
Neutral (Silver) Terminal
4
Load 1 (Brass)Terminal
5
Load 2 (Brass) Terminal
6
Ground (Green) Terminal
7
Amperes Available using
120/240 V Plug
1
3
4
120V
5
120V
240V
6
*One 240 V load or two 120 V loads.
Tools Needed:
2
3
4
240V
6
5
240 V
AC
120 V
AC
120 V
AC
plug1 11/03 − 120 813-D
OM-237 711 Page 28
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 8 − MAINTENANCE
8-1. Routine Maintenance
!
Recycle engine
fluids.
= Check
= Change
= Clean
* To be done by Factory Authorized Service Agent
Stop engine before maintaining.
See
Engine Manual and Maintenance Label
for important start-up, service, and storage
information. Service engine more often if
used in severe conditions.
= Replace
Reference
Every
8
Hours
Section 5-5
Fuel Level
Oil Level
Oil, Fuel Spills
Every
20
Hours
Section 8-7
Spark Arrestor Screen
Every
50
Hours
Ì
ÌÌ
Air Cleaner Element
Section 8-3
ÌÌ
ÌÌ
Weld Terminals
Every
100
Hours
Battery Terminals
Cooling System
Every
200
Hours
Oil
Engine
Manual,
Section 8-3,
8-4
Air Cleaner Element
Engine
Manual,
Section 8-4
Every
300
Hours
Valve Clearance*
Every
500
Hours
Weld Cables
Slip Rings*
Brushes*
OM-237 711 Page 29
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
8-2. Maintenance Label
Maintenance label is located on inside of engine access door.
OM-237 711 Page 30
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
8-3. Servicing Air Cleaner
!
Stop engine.
!
Do not run engine without air
cleaner or with dirty element.
1
2
3
Cover Screw
Cover
Element
Wash element with soap and water
solution. Allow element to air dry
completely.
Spread 1 tablespoon SAE 30 oil
evenly into element. Squeeze out
excess oil.
Tools Needed:
3
ÌÌÌ
ÌÌÌ
ÌÌÌ
2
1
805 397
Notes
OM-237 711 Page 31
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
8-4. Changing Engine Oil And Fuel Filter
!
Stop engine and let cool.
1
Oil Drain Valve
2
1/2 ID x 12 in. (305 mm) Hose
Change engine oil according to engine owner’s manual.
NOTICE − Close valve and valve
cap before adding oil and running
engine
Fill crankcase with new oil to full
mark on dipstick (see Section 5-5).
3
Fuel Filter
4
Fuel Line
Replace line if cracked or worn.
Install new filter. Wipe up any spilled
fuel.
Start engine, and check for fuel
leaks.
3
!
Stop engine, tighten connections as necessary, and wipe
up fuel.
4
Full
2
1
Tools Needed:
805 396 / Ref 803 228
OM-237 711 Page 32
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
8-5. Adjusting Engine Speed
After tuning engine, check engine
speeds with a tachometer (see
Maintenance Label). If necessary,
adjust speeds as follows:
Make
speed adjustments with
Fine control in Max position
(see Section 6-1).
Start engine and run until warm.
Remove top cover to access engine speed adjustments.
1
Idle Speed Adjustment
2
Move Engine Control switch to
Run/Idle position.
1
Throttle Solenoid
2
Mounting Screws
Loosen mounting screws. Adjust
solenoid position so engine runs at
idle speed. Tighten mounting
screws. Be sure solenoid linkage
works smoothly.
Weld/Power Speed Adjustment
Move Engine Control switch to Run
position.
3
Jam Nut
4
Lock Nut
5
Weld/Power Speed
Adjustment Screw
Loosen jam nut and lock nut. Turn
adjustment screw until engine runs
at weld/power speed. Tighten jam
nut, and then tighten lock nut.
!
Stop engine.
Reinstall top cover and close access door.
4
3
5
Tools Needed:
10 mm
8 mm
805 396 / 805 255
OM-237 711 Page 33
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
8-6. Overload Protection
!
Stop engine. Disconnect
negative (−) battery cable.
1
Fuse F1
F1 protects the engine wiring system from overload. If F1 opens,
engine will not crank.
Replace open fuse. Reinstall cover
before operating.
If a fuse opens, it usually indi-
cates a more serious problem
exists. Contact a Factory Authorized Service Agent.
Fuse F1 located in wiring
harness behind left side door.
1
805 396
8-7. Servicing Optional Spark Arrestor
!
Stop engine and let cool.
1
Spark Arrestor Screen
Clean and inspect screen. Replace
spark arrestor if screen wires are
broken or missing.
1
Tools Needed:
1/4 in.
805 254
OM-237 711 Page 34
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 9 − TROUBLESHOOTING
9-1. Welding Troubleshooting
Trouble
Low or no weld output; generator power output okay at AC receptacles.
Remedy
Check control settings.
Check weld connections.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, capacitor C1, integrated rectifiers
SR2, SR3, and SR4; and main rectifier SR1.
No weld output; no generator power
output at AC receptacles.
Be sure all equipment is disconnected from receptacles when starting unit.
Check plug PLG3 connection.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, capacitor C1, and integrated rectifiers SR2, SR3 and SR4.
Low weld output.
Check control settings.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 8-5).
Service air cleaner according to engine manual.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, capacitor C1, integrated rectifiers
SR2, SR3, and SR4; and main rectifier SR1.
High weld output.
Check control settings.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 8-5).
Erratic weld output.
Check control settings.
Tighten and clean connections to electrode and workpiece.
Use dry, properly-stored electrodes for Stick and TIG welding.
Remove excessive coils from weld cables.
Clean and tighten connections both inside and outside welding generator.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 8-5).
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, integrated rectifier SR2, capacitor
C1, and Fine Control R1.
9-2. Generator Power Troubleshooting
Trouble
No or low generator power output at
AC receptacles; weld output okay.
Remedy
Reset supplementary protectors (see Section 7-1).
Press GFCI receptacle Reset button (see Section 7-2).
Check plug PLG3 connection.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, and integrated rectifier SR2.
No generator power output at AC receptacles; no weld output.
Be sure all equipment is disconnected from receptacles when starting unit.
Check plug PLG3 connection.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes, slip rings, capacitor C1, and integrated rectifiers SR2, SR3, and SR4.
Low power output at AC receptacles.
Increase Fine control R1 setting to max.
High power output at AC receptacles.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 8-5).
OM-237 711 Page 35
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
Trouble
Erratic power output at AC receptacles.
Remedy
Check fuel level.
Check engine speed, and adjust if necessary (see Section 8-5).
Check receptacle wiring and connections.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check brushes and slip rings.
9-3. Engine Troubleshooting
Trouble
Engine will not crank.
Remedy
Check battery voltage.
Check fuse F1, and replace if open (see Section ).
Check battery connections and tighten if necessary.
Check plug PLG2 and plug PLG3 connections.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check Engine Control switch S1.
Engine will not start.
Check fuel level.
Check battery voltage.
Check battery connections and tighten if necessary.
Check oil level (see Section 5-5).
Operate engine on a level surface. The low oil level switch prevent engine operation at angles exceeding
10°.
Engine starts but stops when Engine
Control switch returns to Run position.
Check oil level.
Check and refill crankcase with proper viscosity oil for operating temperature, if necessary.
Check low oil level shutdown switch S5
Engine stopped during normal
operation.
Check fuel level.
Check oil level (see Section 5-5).
Check low oil level shutdown switch S5.
Periodically recharge battery (approximately every 3 months).
Replace battery.
Check voltage regulator and connections according to engine manual.
Operate engine on a level surface. The low oil level switch prevent engine operation at angles exceeding
10°.
OM-237 711 Page 36
A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
Trouble
Remedy
Battery Discharges between uses.
Clean battery, terminals, and posts with baking soda and water solution; rinse with clear water.
Periodically recharge battery (approximately every 3 months).
Replace battery.
Check voltage regulator and connections according to engine manual.
Engine idles but does not come up to
weld speed.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check hour meter/idle module, and current transformer CT1.
Unstable or sluggish engine speeds.
Readjust throttle linkage if necessary. Check throttle solenoid TS1 for smooth operation.
Check oil level. Oil level should not exceed Full mark on dipstick. Fuel pump will operate erratically if
crankcase is overfilled.
Tune-up engine according to engine manual.
Engine does not return to idle speed.
Remove weld and generator power loads.
Check throttle linkage for smooth, non-binding operation.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check hour meter/idle module, current transformer CT1, Engine
Control switch S1, and throttle solenoid TS1.
During operation in near freezing tem- Treat fuel with isopropyl alcohol de-icer product.
peratures, engine starts and goes to idle
speed but stalls after a few minutes.
Place Engine Control switch in the Run position until the unit has been in operation and under load for
a period of time.
During operation in severe cold weather, Install engine manufacturer’s kit for cold weather operation.
engine starts and goes to idle speed but
stalls after a few minutes.
SECTION 10 − PARTS LIST
10-1. Recommended Spare Parts
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Recommended Spare Parts
....................
. . . . . . . VOLT REG .
. . . . . . . . . . . F1 . . . . .
....................
....................
....................
....................
237857
241434
192395
240585
240597
241408
240598
. . Filter, Fuel In−line .250 (Subaru/Robin) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . Regulator, Voltage (Subaru EX40) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . Fuse, Mintr Gl Slo−blo 10. Amp 32 Volt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . Tune−up & Filter Kit, (Subaru/Robin) (Includes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . Air Filter Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . Filter, Fuel w/Clamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
A complete Parts List is available on-line at www.MillerWelds.com.
OM-237 711 Page 37
SECTION 11 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS
237 632-E
Figure 11-1. Circuit Diagram For Welding Generator
OM-237 711 Page 38
SECTION 12 − GENERATOR POWER GUIDELINES
The views in this section are intended to be representative of all engine-driven welding generators. Your unit may differ from those shown.
12-1. Selecting Equipment
1
2
1
3
Generator Power Receptacles
− Neutral Bonded To Frame
3-Prong Plug From Case
Grounded Equipment
2-Prong Plug From Double
Insulated Equipment
Be sure equipment has double
insulated symbol and/or wording on it.
!
2
Do not use 2-prong plug unless equipment is double insulated.
3
OR
gen_pwr 2012−03 − ST-800 577
12-2. Grounding Generator To Truck Or Trailer Frame
1
2
GND/PE
3
800 652-D
!
!
1
2
Always ground generator frame to
vehicle frame to prevent electric
shock and static electricity hazards.
Also see AWS Safety & Health Fact
Sheet No. 29, Grounding of Portable
And Vehicle Mounted Welding Generators.
Equipment Grounding Terminal (On
Front Panel)
Grounding Cable (Not Supplied)
3
Metal Vehicle Frame
frame. Always connect a ground
wire from the generator equipment
grounding terminal to bare metal on
the vehicle frame as shown.
Connect cable from equipment ground
terminal to metal vehicle frame. Use #8
AWG or larger insulated copper wire.
Electrically bond generator frame to vehicle frame by metal-to-metal contact.
!
Bed liners, shipping skids, and
some running gear insulate the
welding generator from the vehicle
!
Use GFCI protection when operating auxiliary equipment. If unit does
not have GFCI receptacles, use
GFCI-protected extension cord. Do
not use GFCI receptacles to power
life support equipment.
OM-237 711 Page 39
12-3. Grounding When Supplying Building Systems
1
2
1
Equipment Grounding
Terminal
Grounding Cable
Use #8 AWG or larger insulated
copper wire.
2
GND/PE
3
Ground Device
Use ground device as stated in
electrical codes.
2
3
!
Ground generator to system
earth ground if supplying
power to a premises (home,
shop, farm) wiring system.
!
Also see AWS Safety &
Health Fact Sheet No. 29,
Grounding of Portable And
Vehicle Mounted Welding
Generators.
ST-800 576-B
12-4. How Much Power Does Equipment Require?
1
Resistive Load
A light bulb is a resistive load and
requires a constant amount of power.
2
3
2
1
Non-Resistive Load
Equipment with a motor is a non-resistive load and requires approximately six times more power while
starting the motor than when running
(see Section 12-8).
VOLTS 115
AMPS 4.5
Hz
60
3
Rating Data
Rating shows volts and amperes, or
watts required to run equipment.
Amperes x Volts = Watts
Example 1: If a drill uses 4.5 amperes at 115 volts, calculate its running power requirement in watts.
3
4.5 A x 115 V = 520 W
The load applied by the drill is 520
watts.
Example 2: If three 200 watt flood
lamps are used with the drill from Example 1, add the individual loads to
calculate total load.
(3 x 200W) + 520 W = 1120 W
The total load applied by the three
flood lamps and drill is 1120 watts.
S-0623
OM-237 711 Page 40
12-5. Approximate Power Requirements For Industrial Motors
Industrial Motors
Split Phase
Capacitor Start-Induction Run
Capacitor Start-Capacitor Run
Fan Duty
Rating
Starting Watts
Running Watts
1/8 HP
1/6 HP
1/4 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
3/4 HP
1 HP
1-1/2 HP
2 HP
3 HP
5 HP
1-1/2 HP
5 HP
7-1/2 HP
10 HP
1/8 HP
1/6 HP
1/4 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
800
1225
1600
2100
3175
2020
3075
4500
6100
8200
10550
15900
23300
8100
23300
35000
46700
1000
1400
1850
2400
3500
300
500
600
700
875
720
975
1400
1600
2200
2850
3900
6800
2000
6000
8000
10700
400
550
650
800
1100
12-6. Approximate Power Requirements For Farm/Home Equipment
Farm/Home Equipment
Stock Tank De-Icer
Grain Cleaner
Portable Conveyor
Grain Elevator
Milk Cooler
Milker (Vacuum Pump)
FARM DUTY MOTORS
Std. (e.g. Conveyors,
Feed Augers, Air
Compressors)
High Torque (e.g. Barn
Cleaners, Silo Unloaders,
Silo Hoists, Bunk Feeders)
3-1/2 cu. ft. Mixer
High Pressure 1.8 Gal/Min
Washer 2 gal/min
2 gal/min
Refrigerator or Freezer
Shallow Well Pump
Sump Pump
Rating
1/4 HP
1/2 HP
3/4 HP
2 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
3/4 HP
1 HP
1-1/2 HP
2 HP
3 HP
5 HP
1-1/2 HP
5 HP
7-1/2 HP
10 HP
1/2 HP
500 PSI
550 PSI
700 PSI
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
1/3 HP
1/2 HP
Starting Watts
Running Watts
1000
1650
3400
4400
2900
10500
1720
2575
4500
6100
8200
10550
15900
23300
8100
23300
35000
46700
3300
3150
4500
6100
3100
2150
3100
2100
3200
1000
650
1000
1400
1100
2800
720
975
1400
1600
2200
2850
3900
6800
2000
6000
8000
10700
1000
950
1400
1600
800
750
1000
800
1050
OM-237 711 Page 41
12-7. Approximate Power Requirements For Contractor Equipment
Contractor
Hand Drill
Circular Saw
Table Saw
Band Saw
Bench Grinder
Air Compressor
Electric Chain Saw
Electric Trimmer
Electric Cultivator
Elec. Hedge Trimmer
Flood Lights
Submersible Pump
Centrifugal Pump
Floor Polisher
High Pressure Washer
55 gal Drum Mixer
Wet & Dry Vac
OM-237 711 Page 42
Rating
Starting Watts
Running Watts
1/4 in.
3/8 in.
1/2 in.
6-1/2 in.
7-1/4 in.
8-1/4 in.
9 in.
10 in.
14 in.
6 in.
8 in.
10 in.
1/2 HP
1 HP
1-1/2 HP
2 HP
1-1/2 HP, 12 in.
2 HP, 14 in.
Standard 9 in.
Heavy Duty 12 in.
1/3 HP
18 in.
HID
Metal Halide
Mercury
Sodium
Vapor
400 gph
900 gph
3/4 HP, 16 in.
1 HP, 20 in.
1/2 HP
3/4 HP
1 HP
1/4 HP
1.7 HP
2-1/2 HP
350
400
600
500
900
1400
4500
6300
2500
1720
3900
5200
3000
6000
8200
10500
1100
1100
350
500
2100
400
125
313
1000
1400
1250
600
900
4500
6100
3150
4500
6100
1900
900
1300
350
400
600
500
900
1400
1500
1800
1100
720
1400
1600
1000
1500
2200
2800
1100
1100
350
500
700
400
100
250
1000
200
500
1400
1600
950
1400
1600
700
900
1300
12-8. Power Required To Start Motor
Single-Phase Induction Motor Starting Requirements
Motor Start
Code
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
P
KVA/HP
6.3
7.1
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.2
12.5
14.0
1
2
3
4
Motor Start Code
Running Amperage
Motor HP
Motor Voltage
To find starting amperage:
4
1
3
AC MOTOR
VOLTS 230
AMPS 2.5
CODE M
Hz
60
HP
1/4
PHASE 1
2
Step 1: Find code and use table to
find kVA/HP. If code is not listed,
multiply running amperage by six to
find starting amperage.
Step 2: Find Motor HP and Volts.
Step 3: Determine starting amperage (see example).
Welding generator amperage output must be at least twice the
motor’s running amperage.
(kVA/HP x HP x 1000) / Volts =
Starting Amperage
Example: Calculate starting amperage required for a 230 V, 1/4 HP motor with a motor start code of M.
Volts = 230, HP = 1/4, kVA/HP =
11.2
(11.2 x 1/4 x 1000) / 230 = 12.2A
Starting the motor requires 12.2
amperes.
S-0624
12-9. How Much Power Can Generator Supply?
1
Limit Load To 90% Of
Generator Output
Always start non-resistive (motor)
loads in order from largest to smallest, and add resistive loads last.
2
1
2
5 Second Rule
If motor does not start within 5
seconds, turn off power to prevent
motor damage. Motor requires
more power than generator can
supply.
Ref. ST-800 396-A / S-0625
OM-237 711 Page 43
12-10. Typical Connections To Supply Standby Power
1
2
Utility
Electrical
Service
4
3
Transfer Switch
Fused
Disconnect
Switch
(If Required)
Welding
Generator
Output
!
Have only qualified persons
perform these connections
according to all applicable
codes and safety practices.
!
Properly install, ground, and
operate this equipment according to its Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
Customer-supplied equipment
is required if generator will supply standby power during
emergencies or power outages.
5
1 Utility Electrical Service
Essential
Loads
2 Transfer Switch (Double-Throw)
Switch transfers the electrical load
from electric utility service to the
generator. Transfer load back to
electric utility when service is restored.
Install correct switch (customersupplied). Switch rating must be
same as or greater than the branch
overcurrent protection.
3 Fused Disconnect Switch
Install correct switch (customersupplied) if required by electrical
code.
4 Welding Generator Output
Generator output voltage and wiring must be consistent with regular
(utility) system voltage and wiring.
Connect generator with temporary
or permanent wiring suitable for the
installation.
Turn off or unplug all equipment
connected to generator before
starting or stopping engine. When
starting or stopping, the engine has
low speed which causes low voltage and frequency.
5 Essential Loads
Generator output may not meet the
electrical requirements of the premises. If generator does not produce
enough output to meet all requirements, connect only essential
loads (pumps, freezers, heaters,
etc. − See Section 12-4).
OM-237 711 Page 44
12-11. Selecting Extension Cord (Use Shortest Cord Possible)
Cord Lengths for 120 Volt Loads
Use GFCI protection when operating auxiliary equipment. If unit does not have GFCI receptacles, use GFCI-protected extension cord. Do not use GFCI receptacles to power life support equipment.
Maximum Allowable Cord Length in ft (m) for Conductor Size (AWG)*
Current
(Amperes)
Load (Watts)
5
600
7
840
10
1200
15
4
6
8
10
12
14
350 (106)
225 (68)
137 (42)
100 (30)
400 (122)
250 (76)
150 (46)
100 (30)
62 (19)
400 (122)
275 (84)
175 (53)
112 (34)
62 (19)
50 (15)
1800
300 (91)
175 (53)
112 (34)
75 (23)
37 (11)
30 (9)
20
2400
225 (68)
137 (42)
87 (26)
50 (15)
30 (9)
25
3000
175 (53)
112 (34)
62 (19)
37 (11)
30
3600
150 (46)
87 (26)
50 (15)
37 (11)
35
4200
125 (38)
75 (23)
50 (15)
40
4800
112 (34)
62 (19)
37 (11)
45
5400
100 (30)
62 (19)
50
6000
87 (26)
50 (15)
*Conductor size is based on maximum 2% voltage drop
Cord Lengths for 240 Volt Loads
Use GFCI protection when operating auxiliary equipment. If unit does not have GFCI receptacles, use GFCI-protected extension cord. Do not use GFCI receptacles to power life support equipment.
Maximum Allowable Cord Length in ft (m) for Conductor Size (AWG)*
Current
(Amperes)
Load (Watts)
5
1200
7
1680
10
2400
15
4
6
8
10
12
14
700 (213)
450 (137)
225 (84)
200 (61)
800 (244)
500 (152)
300 (91)
200 (61)
125 (38)
800 (244)
550 (168)
350 (107)
225 (69)
125 (38)
100 (31)
3600
600 (183)
350 (107)
225 (69)
150 (46)
75 (23)
60 (18)
20
4800
450 (137)
275 (84)
175 (53)
100 (31)
60 (18)
25
6000
350 (107)
225 (69)
125 (38)
75 (23)
30
7000
300 (91)
175 (53)
100 (31)
75 (23)
35
8400
250 (76)
150 (46)
100 (31)
40
9600
225 (69)
125 (38)
75 (23)
45
10,800
200 (61)
125 (38)
50
12,000
175 (53)
100 (31)
*Conductor size is based on maximum 2% voltage drop
OM-237 711 Page 45
SECTION 13 − STICK WELDING (SMAW) GUIDELINES
13-1. Stick Welding Procedure
!
Weld current starts when
electrode touches workpiece.
!
Weld current can damage
electronic parts in vehicles.
Disconnect both battery
cables before welding on a
vehicle. Place work clamp
as close to the weld as
possible.
Equipment Needed:
Tools Needed:
Always wear appropriate per1
Constant Current
Welding Power Source
sonal protective clothing.
Workpiece
Make sure workpiece is clean before welding.
2
3
Work Clamp
Electrode
A small diameter electrode requires less current than a large
one. Follow electrode manufacturer’s instructions when setting weld
amperage (see Section 13-2).
4
5
6
5
4
Insulated Electrode Holder
Electrode Holder Position
Arc Length
Arc length is the distance from the
electrode to the workpiece. A short
arc with correct amperage will give
a sharp, crackling sound.
2
7
3
Slag
Use a chipping hammer and wire
brush to remove slag. Remove
slag and check weld bead before
making another weld pass.
6
1
7
stick 2010−02 − 151 593
OM-237 711 Page 46
6013
7014
7018
7024
Ni-Cl
308L
ALL
DEEP
EP
ALL
DEEP
6013
EP,EN
ALL
LOW
GENERAL
7014
EP,EN
ALL
MED
7018
EP
ALL
MED
SMOOTH, EASY,
FAST
LOW HYDROGEN,
STRONG
7024
EP,EN
NI-CL
EP
FLAT
HORIZ
FILLET
ALL
308L
EP
ALL
USAGE
EP
6011
AC
PENETRATION
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
1/16
5/64
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
3/32
1/8
5/32
DC*
6010
ELECTRODE
450
400
350
300
AMPERAGE
RANGE
250
200
150
POSITION
6010
&
6011
100
50
DIAMETER
ELECTRODE
13-2. Electrode and Amperage Selection Chart
MIN. PREP, ROUGH
HIGH SPATTER
LOW
SMOOTH, EASY,
FASTER
LOW
CAST IRON
LOW
STAINLESS
*EP = ELECTRODE POSITIVE (REVERSE POLARITY)
EN = ELECTRODE NEGATIVE (STRAIGHT POLARITY)
Ref. S-087 985-A
13-3. Striking an Arc
1
2
3
Electrode
Workpiece
Arc
Scratch Technique
1
2
Drag electrode across workpiece
like striking a match; lift electrode
slightly after touching work. If arc
goes out, electrode was lifted too
high. If electrode sticks to workpiece, use a quick twist to free it.
Tapping Technique
Bring electrode straight down to
workpiece; then lift slightly to start
arc. If arc goes out, electrode was
lifted too high. If electrode sticks to
workpiece, use a quick twist to free
it.
3
1
2
3
S-0049 / S-0050
OM-237 711 Page 47
13-4. Positioning Electrode Holder
1
2
End View Of Work Angle
Side View Of Electrode Angle
1
10°-30°
90°
2
90°
Groove Welds
10°-30°
45°
1
2
45°
Fillet Welds
S-0060
13-5. Poor Weld Bead Characteristics
1
2
3
4
5
Large Spatter Deposits
Rough, Uneven Bead
Slight Crater During Welding
Bad Overlap
Poor Penetration
4
2
3
5
1
S-0053-A
13-6. Good Weld Bead Characteristics
1
2
3
Fine Spatter
Uniform Bead
Moderate Crater During
Welding
Weld a new bead or layer for each
1/8 in. (3.2 mm) thickness in metals
being welded.
2
3
4
5
4
5
No Overlap
Good Penetration into Base
Metal
1
S-0052-B
OM-237 711 Page 48
13-7. Conditions That Affect Weld Bead Shape
Weld bead shape is affected
by
electrode angle,
arc
length, travel speed, and thickness of base metal.
Angle Too Small
Correct Angle
10° - 30°
Angle Too Large
Electrode Angle
Drag
Spatter
Arc Length
Too Short
Normal
Too Long
Slow
Normal
Fast
Travel Speed
S-0061
13-8. Electrode Movement During Welding
Normally,
2
1
1
2
3
3
a single stringer
bead is satisfactory for most
narrow groove weld joints;
however, for wide groove weld
joints or bridging across gaps,
a weave bead or multiple
stringer beads work better.
Stringer Bead − Steady
Movement Along Seam
Weave Bead − Side to Side
Movement Along Seam
Weave Patterns
Use weave patterns to cover a
wide area in one pass of the electrode. Do not let weave width exceed 2-1/2 times diameter of
electrode.
S-0054-A
OM-237 711 Page 49
13-9. Groove (Butt) Joints
1
Tack Welds
Prevent edges of joint from drawing together ahead of electrode by
tack welding the materials in position before final weld.
1
2
2
Square Groove Weld
Good for materials up to 3/16 in. (5
mm) thick.
3
1/16 in.
(1.6 mm)
Single V-Groove Weld
Good for materials 3/16 − 3/4 in.
(5-19 mm) thick. Cut bevel with
oxyacetylene or plasma cutting
equipment. Remove scale from
material after cutting. A grinder can
also be used to prepare bevels.
30°
Create 30 degree angle of bevel on
materials in V-groove welding.
4
Good for materials thicker than
3/16 in. (5 mm).
4
3
Double V-Groove Weld
S-0062
13-10. Lap Joint
1
2
Electrode
Single-Layer Fillet Weld
Move electrode in circular motion.
3
30°
Or Less
30°
Or Less
1
1
Multi-Layer Fillet Weld
Weld a second layer when a heavier fillet is needed. Remove slag before making another weld pass.
Weld both sides of joint for maximum strength.
3
2
S-0063 / S-0064
13-11. Tee Joint
1
2
Electrode
Fillet Weld
Keep arc short and move at definite rate of speed. Hold electrode
as shown to provide fusion into the
corner. Square edge of the weld
surface.
For maximum strength weld both
sides of upright section.
1
2
45°
Or
Less
1
2
3
3
Multi-Layer Deposits
Weld a second layer when a heavier fillet is needed. Use any of the
weaving patterns shown in Section
13-8. Remove slag before making
another weld pass.
S-0060 / S-0058-A / S-0061
OM-237 711 Page 50
13-12. Weld Test
1
2
3
Vise
Weld Joint
Hammer
Strike weld joint in direction shown.
A good weld bends over but does
not break.
3
3
2 To 3 in.
(51-76 mm)
1/4 in.
(6.4 mm)
2
1
2 To 3 in.
(51-76 mm)
2
1
S-0057-B
13-13. Troubleshooting
Porosity − small cavities or holes resulting from gas pockets in weld metal.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Arc length too long.
Reduce arc length.
Damp electrode.
Use dry electrode.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, coatings, slag, and dirt from work surface before
welding.
Excessive Spatter − scattering of molten metal particles that cool to solid form near weld bead.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Amperage too high for electrode.
Decrease amperage or select larger electrode.
Arc length too long or voltage too high.
Reduce arc length or voltage.
Incomplete Fusion − failure of weld metal to fuse completely with base metal or a preceeding
weld bead.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Insufficient heat input.
Increase amperage. Select larger electrode and increase amperage.
Improper welding technique.
Place stringer bead in proper location(s) at joint during welding.
Adjust work angle or widen groove to access bottom during welding.
Momentarily hold arc on groove side walls when using weaving technique.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, coatings, slag, and dirt from work surface before
welding.
OM-237 711 Page 51
Lack Of Penetration − shallow fusion between weld metal and base metal.
Lack of Penetration
Good Penetration
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Improper joint preparation.
Material too thick. Joint preparation and design must provide access to bottom of groove.
Improper weld technique.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Insufficient heat input.
Increase amperage. Select larger electrode and increase amperage.
Reduce travel speed.
Excessive Penetration − weld metal melting through base metal and hanging underneath weld.
Excessive Penetration Good Penetration
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Excessive heat input.
Select lower amperage. Use smaller electrode.
Increase and/or maintain steady travel speed.
Burn-Through − weld metal melting completely through base metal resulting in holes where no
metal remains.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Excessive heat input.
Select lower amperage. Use smaller electrode.
Increase and/or maintain steady travel speed.
Waviness Of Bead − weld metal that is not parallel and does not cover joint formed by base metal.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Unsteady hand.
Use two hands. Practice technique.
Distortion − contraction of weld metal during welding that forces base metal to move.
Base metal moves
in the direction of
the weld bead.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Excessive heat input.
Use restraint (clamp) to hold base metal in position.
Make tack welds along joint before starting welding operation.
Select lower amperage for electrode.
Increase travel speed.
Weld in small segments and allow cooling between welds.
OM-237 711 Page 52
Notes
OM-237 711 Page 53
Notes
OM-237 711 Page 54
Effective January 1, 2012
(Equipment with a serial number preface of MC or newer)
Warranty Questions?
Call
1-800-4-A-MILLER
for your local
Miller distributor.
Your distributor also gives
you ...
Service
You always get the fast,
reliable response you
need. Most replacement
parts can be in your
hands in 24 hours.
Support
Need fast answers to the
tough welding questions?
Contact your distributor.
The expertise of the
distributor and Miller is
there to help you, every
step of the way.
This limited warranty supersedes all previous Miller warranties and is exclusive with no other
guarantees or warranties expressed or implied.
LIMITED WARRANTY − Subject to the terms and conditions 6. 90 Days — Parts
below, Miller Electric Mfg. Co., Appleton, Wisconsin, warrants to its
* Accessory (Kits)
original retail purchaser that new Miller equipment sold after the
* Canvas Covers
effective date of this limited warranty is free of defects in material
* Induction Heating Coils and Blankets, Cables, and
and workmanship at the time it is shipped by Miller. THIS
Non-Electronic Controls
WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
* M-Guns
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
* MIG Guns and Subarc (SAW) Guns
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
* Remote Controls and RFCS-RJ45
Within the warranty periods listed below, Miller will repair or replace
* Replacement Parts (No labor)
any warranted parts or components that fail due to such defects in
* Roughneck Guns
material or workmanship. Miller must be notified in writing within
thirty (30) days of such defect or failure, at which time Miller will
* Spoolmate Spoolguns
provide instructions on the warranty claim procedures to be
followed.
Miller shall honor warranty claims on warranted equipment listed
below in the event of such a failure within the warranty time
periods. All warranty time periods start on the delivery date of the
equipment to the original end-user purchaser, and not to exceed
one year after the equipment is shipped to a North American
distributor or eighteen months after the equipment is shipped to an
International distributor.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
5 Years Parts — 3 Years Labor
* Original Main Power Rectifiers Only to Include SCRs,
Diodes, and Discrete Rectifier Modules
3 Years — Parts and Labor
* Engine Driven Welding Generators
(NOTE: Engines are Warranted Separately by the
Engine Manufacturer.)
* Inverter Power Sources (Unless Otherwise Stated)
* Plasma Arc Cutting Power Sources
* Process Controllers
* Semi-Automatic and Automatic Wire Feeders
* Smith 30 Series Flowgauge and Flowmeter
Regulators (No Labor)
* Transformer/Rectifier Power Sources
* Water Coolant Systems (Integrated)
2 Years — Parts
* Auto-Darkening Helmet Lenses (No Labor)
1 Year — Parts and Labor Unless Specified
* Automatic Motion Devices
* CoolBelt and CoolBand Blower Unit (No Labor)
* External Monitoring Equipment and Sensors
* Field Options
(NOTE: Field options are covered for the remaining
warranty period of the product they are installed in, or
for a minimum of one year — whichever is greater.)
* Flowgauge and Flowmeter Regulators (No Labor)
* RFCS Foot Controls (Except RFCS-RJ45)
* Fume Extractors
* HF Units
* ICE/XT Plasma Cutting Torches (No Labor)
* Induction Heating Power Sources, Coolers
(NOTE: Digital Recorders are Warranted
Separately by the Manufacturer.)
* Load Banks
* Motor Driven Guns (w/exception of Spoolmate
Spoolguns)
* PAPR Blower Unit (No Labor)
* Positioners and Controllers
* Racks
* Running Gear/Trailers
* Spot Welders
* Subarc Wire Drive Assemblies
* Water Coolant Systems (Non-Integrated)
* Weldcraft-Branded TIG Torches (No Labor)
* Wireless Remote Foot/Hand Controls and Receivers
* Work Stations/Weld Tables (No Labor)
6 Months — Parts
* Batteries
* Bernard Guns (No Labor)
* Tregaskiss Guns (No Labor)
Miller’s True Blue® Limited Warranty shall not apply to:
1.
2.
3.
Consumable components; such as contact tips,
cutting nozzles, contactors, brushes, relays, work
station table tops and welding curtains, or parts that
fail due to normal wear. (Exception: brushes and
relays are covered on all engine-driven products.)
Items furnished by Miller, but manufactured by others,
such as engines or trade accessories. These items are
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, if any.
Equipment that has been modified by any party other than
Miller, or equipment that has been improperly installed,
improperly operated or misused based upon industry
standards, or equipment which has not had reasonable
and necessary maintenance, or equipment which has
been used for operation outside of the specifications for
the equipment.
MILLER PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PURCHASE AND
USE BY COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL USERS AND PERSONS
TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE AND
MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT.
In the event of a warranty claim covered by this warranty, the
exclusive remedies shall be, at Miller’s option: (1) repair; or (2)
replacement; or, where authorized in writing by Miller in
appropriate cases, (3) the reasonable cost of repair or
replacement at an authorized Miller service station; or (4) payment
of or credit for the purchase price (less reasonable depreciation
based upon actual use) upon return of the goods at customer’s risk
and expense. Miller’s option of repair or replacement will be F.O.B.,
Factory at Appleton, Wisconsin, or F.O.B. at a Miller authorized
service facility as determined by Miller. Therefore no
compensation or reimbursement for transportation costs of any
kind will be allowed.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE REMEDIES
PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. IN NO EVENT SHALL MILLER BE LIABLE FOR
DIRECT,
INDIRECT,
SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL
OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF
PROFIT), WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN AND
ANY
IMPLIED
WARRANTY,
GUARANTY
OR
REPRESENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE, AND ANY
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY WHICH, BUT FOR THIS PROVISION,
MIGHT ARISE BY IMPLICATION, OPERATION OF LAW,
CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE OF DEALING, INCLUDING
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO
ANY AND ALL EQUIPMENT FURNISHED BY MILLER IS
EXCLUDED AND DISCLAIMED BY MILLER.
Some states in the U.S.A. do not allow limitations of how long an
implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion of incidental, indirect,
special or consequential damages, so the above limitation or
exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty provides specific
legal rights, and other rights may be available, but may vary from
state to state.
In Canada, legislation in some provinces provides for certain
additional warranties or remedies other than as stated herein, and
to the extent that they may not be waived, the limitations and
exclusions set out above may not apply. This Limited Warranty
provides specific legal rights, and other rights may be available,
but may vary from province to province.
miller_warr 2012-01
Owner’s Record
Please complete and retain with your personal records.
Model Name
Serial/Style Number
Purchase Date
(Date which equipment was delivered to original customer.)
Distributor
Address
City
State
Zip
For Service
Contact a DISTRIBUTOR or SERVICE AGENCY near you.
Always provide Model Name and Serial/Style Number.
Contact your Distributor for:
Welding Supplies and Consumables
Options and Accessories
Personal Safety Equipment
Service and Repair
Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
An Illinois Tool Works Company
1635 West Spencer Street
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
Replacement Parts
Training (Schools, Videos, Books)
Technical Manuals (Servicing Information
and Parts)
Circuit Diagrams
For International Locations Visit
www.MillerWelds.com
Welding Process Handbooks
To locate a Distributor or Service Agency visit
www.millerwelds.com or call 1-800-4-A-Miller
Contact the Delivering Carrier to:
File a claim for loss or damage during
shipment.
For assistance in filing or settling claims, contact
your distributor and/or equipment manufacturer’s
Transportation Department.
ORIGINAL INSTRUCTIONS − PRINTED IN USA
International Headquarters−USA
USA Phone: 920-735-4505 Auto-Attended
USA & Canada FAX: 920-735-4134
International FAX: 920-735-4125
© 2012 Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
2012−01
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