5100 Digital Indicator Reference Manual

5100 Digital Indicator Reference Manual
5100
Digital Indicator
Reference Manual
For use with Software Versions 3.1 and above
5100-600-340
Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 4
1.1. THE MANUALS ................................................................................................................................ 4
2.
SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................................... 5
3.
INSTALLATION ........................................................................................................................ 6
3.1. PANEL MOUNTING ........................................................................................................................... 6
3.2. DC POWER SUPPLY ......................................................................................................................... 6
3.3. AC POWER SUPPLY ......................................................................................................................... 6
3.4. LOAD CELL SIGNALS AND SCALE BUILD........................................................................................... 6
3.5. LOAD CELL CONNECTION ................................................................................................................ 7
3.6. SERIAL PORTS ................................................................................................................................. 7
3.7. THE OPTION CARDS ......................................................................................................................... 8
4.
DISPLAY AND CONTROLS ..................................................................................................... 9
4.1. FRONT PANEL .................................................................................................................................. 9
4.2. VISUAL DISPLAY ............................................................................................................................. 9
4.3. CONTROL BUTTONS (6) AND (7) ..................................................................................................... 10
4.4. DATA ENTRY MODES..................................................................................................................... 11
5.
BASIC OPERATION ............................................................................................................... 13
5.1. BASIC TERMINOLOGY .................................................................................................................... 13
5.2. USING THE PRIMARY KEY FUNCTIONS............................................................................................ 13
5.3. USING THE OPERATOR INTERFACE ................................................................................................. 15
6.
APPLICATION CONFIGURATION ISSUES ........................................................................... 17
6.1. GENERAL SETUP INFORMATION ..................................................................................................... 17
7.
DIGITAL SETUP ..................................................................................................................... 21
7.1. OPERATION OF THE DIGITAL SETUP MENUS .................................................................................... 21
7.2. SCALE BUILD - (BUILD) .............................................................................................................. 22
7.3. SCALE OPTIONS - (OPTION) ...................................................................................................... 23
7.4. SCALE CALIBRATION - (CAL) ....................................................................................................... 26
7.5. SPECIAL SETTINGS MENU - (SPEC) ............................................................................................. 26
7.6. COMMUNICATIONS OPTIONS - (SERIAL) ..................................................................................... 28
7.7. SET POINTS - (SET.PTS) ........................................................................................................... 33
7.8. ANALOGUE SETTINGS - (ANALOG) ............................................................................................ 35
7.9. CLOCK SETTINGS - (CLOC) ......................................................................................................... 36
7.10. SPECIAL TEST SECTION - (TEST) ........................................................................................... 37
7.11. FACTORY ADJUSTMENT MENU - (FACTRY) .......................................................................... 37
7.12. LEAVING DIGITAL SETUP - (-END-) ........................................................................................ 38
8.
CALIBRATION........................................................................................................................ 39
8.1. PERFORMING A DIGITAL CALIBRATION WITH TEST WEIGHTS........................................................... 39
8.2. DIRECT MV/V CALIBRATION.......................................................................................................... 40
8.3. USING THE LINEARISATION ............................................................................................................ 41
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9.
Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
THE SERIAL OUTPUTS ......................................................................................................... 43
9.1. SINGLE AND AUTOMATIC WEIGHT OUTPUT FROM THE 5100 ............................................................ 43
9.2. NETWORKING THE 5100 ................................................................................................................. 46
9.3. PRINTER DRIVING .......................................................................................................................... 47
9.4. PLC OUTPUT DRIVING................................................................................................................... 51
10.
SETPOINTS ........................................................................................................................ 52
10.1.
10.2.
10.3.
10.4.
10.5.
10.6.
10.7.
10.8.
10.9.
11.
EXTENDED FUNCTIONS ................................................................................................... 66
11.1.
11.2.
12.
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 69
INSTALLING OPTION CARDS ..................................................................................................... 69
THE SETPOINT CARD ................................................................................................................ 69
THE ‘COMBO’ CARD ................................................................................................................ 70
SOFTWARE OPTIONS ................................................................................................................ 72
ERROR MESSAGES........................................................................................................... 73
13.1.
13.2.
13.3.
13.4.
14.
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 66
EXTENDED FUNCTION DETAILS ................................................................................................ 66
ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS ......................................................................................... 69
12.1.
12.2.
12.3.
12.4.
12.5.
13.
CONNECTION ........................................................................................................................... 52
BASIC SETPOINT OPERATION .................................................................................................... 52
SETPOINT TYPES AND OPTIONS (SET.TYP)........................................................................... 55
GENERAL CONFIGURATION ...................................................................................................... 58
OPERATOR PARAMETERS ......................................................................................................... 61
FUNCTION KEY, EXTERNAL KEYS AND INTERLOCK ................................................................... 62
SETPOINT MESSAGES................................................................................................................ 64
SETPOINT PRINTING ................................................................................................................. 64
PLC OUTPUT MODULE ............................................................................................................. 65
WEIGHING ERRORS ............................................................................................................ 73
SETUP ERRORS .................................................................................................................... 73
CALIBRATION ERRORS ...................................................................................................... 73
DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS ........................................................................................................ 74
SETUP MENU QUICK REFERENCE .................................................................................. 75
SPECIAL NOTE
TRADE USE OF THE RINSTRUM 5100
This manual may occasionally make reference to Trade Use settings of the 5100. Only properly
marked Trade Certified versions of the 5100 can be used in “Legal for Trade” applications.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
1.
INTRODUCTION
The 5100 is a precision digital indicator using the latest Sigma-Delta A/D converter to ensure
extremely fast and accurate weight readings.
The setup and calibration are digital, with a non-volatile security store for all setup parameters.
There is an NVRAM store to ensure day to day operating settings (zero / tare / clock etc) are
retained when power is removed. There is a built-in clock for date-stamping printed outputs.
The instrument has up to six internal trip points with status display on the front panel. Output drive
of these setpoints is provided by the optional setpoint card or combo card.
Two optional expansion cards are available for the 5100. The first is the Setpoint card, which
provides four opto-isolated open-collector output drive transistors and four opto-isolated inputs.
The second is the ‘Combo’ card which combines the analogue and setpoint functions to provide
one opto-isolated input and two opto-isolated open-collector outputs, along with a -10 to 10 V or
4..20 mA analogue output.
The 5100 provides a number of software options which extend the functionality of the instrument.
The communications software option provides two serial outputs. These allow communication with
external computers, PLCs, printers and remote displays. Serial 1 provides both RS232 and full
duplex RS422/RS485 drivers whilst Serial 2 provides RS232 transmission only. An optional
RS232 to Current Loop converter is also available which converts the RS232 output to a passive
20 mA current loop transmitter. An additional software option extends the network capability to
include the MODBUS ASCII protocol.
There are two setpoint software options that extend the basic setpointing capabilities to allow
complete multiple-product, multiple-feeder batching for 4 products or 20 products.
1.1.
The Manuals
This Reference Manual is part of a set of manuals covering the setup and operation of the
Rinstrum 5100. The set includes an Operator's Manual, a Reference Manual, and various
Communications Manuals.
The Operator's Manual is aimed at the operation of the 5100, and covers the day to day
operation of the unit. This includes details of the operation of the front panel and external
key functions, as well as installation information.
The Reference Manual (this book) contains detailed information on the calibration and
setup of the 5100. This manual is intended for use by Scale Technicians who are installing
the instrument.
The Communications Manuals contain details on the extended networking capabilities of
the 5100. These manuals are available on request in hardcopy or by email in Adobe
Acrobat PDF format.
All of our manuals are also available to download from
www.rinstrum.com
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
2.
SPECIFICATIONS
PERFORMANCE
Display
Display resolution
Count-by
Operating modes
Zero cancellation
Span adjustment
Stability/Drift
Operating Environment
Backlit LCD with 20mm, 6 digit primary display
Up to 100,000 divisions, minimum of 0.15 µV/division
1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 (Entered in Displayed Weight)
Single Range, Dual Interval and Dual Range
+ / - 2.0mV/V
0.1mV/V to 3.0mV/V full scale
Zero: < 0.1uV/°C, Span < 10ppm/°C,
Linearity < 20ppm, Noise < 0.05µV p-p
Temperature -10 to +50°C, humidity < 90% non condensing
DIGITAL
Setup and calibration.
Memory retention
Digital filter
Zero range
Full digital with visual prompting in plain messages
Full non-volatile operation
Averaging from 1 to 200 consecutive readings
Adjustable from 4% to 100% of full capacity
A/D CONVERTER
Type
Resolution
A/D Sync Filter
24 bit Sigma Delta
8,388,608 internal counts.
Adjustable, 15 to 60 cycles /second, FIR filter > 80dB
LOAD CELLS
Excitation
Load cell connection
SERIAL COMMS
Serial outputs
Capabilities
Clock
8 volts for up to 8 x 350 ohm load cells
6 wire + shield
(Factory Software option)
Dual RS-232, plus RS-422/RS-485
Automatic transmit, network, or printer drive
Battery backed clock & calendar fitted
DIMENSIONS
Body size
Front Bezel
Panel cutout
Power
Supply
DC
AC
135mm wide x 65 mm high x 105 mm deep
179mm wide x 82mm high (Overhang is 20 mm on left and 23mm
on right of Bezel)
DIN 43 700 - 137(+1)mm wide x 68(+1)mm high
12/24VDC 3-5VA
86 - 260VAC 48 - 62 Hz 3-5VA
OPTIONS
Setpoint option card
Combo option card
No. of option slots
4 x isolated 50volt, 500mA open collector transistor drives
and 4 x isolated digital inputs (5V to 28V).
-10 to10 V or 4-20mA opto isolated analogue output, two outputs
and one input as per the Setpoint option card.
One standard. (12-24VDC units can be ordered with 2 slots)
FEATURES
NSC Approval S363. Ctick approved.
Five point linearity correction
Adjustable anti-vibration filter
Comprehensive batching operation (requires setpoint accessory
card, combo card, or PLC and Software Options). (PLC output
module allows 6,14 or 22 relays)
Modbus protocol support (software option)
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
3.
INSTALLATION
The 5100 can be used as either a desk-top or panel-mount instrument. It contains precision
electronics and must not be subject to shock, excessive vibration, or extremes of temperature,
either before or after installation.
The inputs of the 5100 are protected against electrical interference, but excessive levels of
electro-magnetic radiation may effect the accuracy and stability of the instrument. The 5100
should be installed away from any sources of electrical noise. The load cell cable is particularly
sensitive to electrical noise, and should be located well away from any power or switching circuits.
Termination of the load cell shield at the 5100 end is very important for EMC immunity. This
should be done by wrapping the shield back along the cable and clamping it under the cable
clamp of the backshell.
3.1.
Panel Mounting
Panel mounting requires the optional mounting kit, consisting of a pair of clamp slides.
Remove the two 5mm screws attaching the side clamp slides to the rear of the case.
Remove the slides to the rear. Fit the case into the panel from the front. Replace the slides
into the slots. Replace the two 5mm clamp screws. Do not over-tighten the screws as this
could damage the case.
An optional swivel mounting kit required for desk and wall mounting is also available.
3.2.
DC Power Supply
The DC supply need not be regulated, provided that it is free of excessive electrical noise
and sudden transients. The 5100 can be operated from a high quality plug-pack as long as
there is sufficient capacity to drive both it and the load cells.
The 5100 complies with all the relevant EMC standards, and carries full CE approval
provided that the case ground connection is correctly made. The case ground connection
is available either on the power connection socket or a termination bolt nearby. The
resistance measured between the case of the 5100 and the nearest earth point should be
less than 2 ohms.
3.3.
AC Power Supply
The AC power supply for the 5100 can operate over a wide range of AC voltages. This
power supply automatically adjusts to the incoming voltage. This means that the 5100 is
extremely tolerant of voltage dips and brown out conditions, especially when running off
220 or 240 VAC mains.
The 5100 uses a standard IEC power inlet.
3.4.
Load Cell Signals and Scale Build
Very low output scale bases can be used with the 5100, but may induce some instability in
the weight readings when used with higher resolutions. Generally speaking, the higher the
output, or the lower the number of divisions, the greater the display stability and accuracy.
The 5100 has a millivolt-per-volt meter test mode which can be used to check scale base
signal output levels. Refer to Section 7.10 on page 37.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
3.5.
Load Cell Connection
Six Wire Connection
The connection is made using a standard DB9 male plug.
Pin
1
3
9
Function
Positive Excitation
Negative Excitation
Positive Signal
Pin
2*
4*
8
Function
Positive Excitation Sense
Negative Excitation Sense
Negative Signal
*Sense Lines MUST be connected
When wiring load cells, use only high quality shielded multi-core cable. The cable should
be run as far away from any other cabling as possible (minimum separation distance
150mm).
To obtain full EMC resistance with the 5100, the load cell shield MUST be connected
electrically to the metal shell of the DB9 connector. The easiest way to connect the cable
shield to the DB9 backshell is to fold the shield wire back over the outside of the cable
insulation so the cable clamp of the backshell makes good electrical contact with the shield
when installed.
Four Wire Connection
When a four wire load cell system is connected, pins 1 and 2, and pins 3 and 4 must be
joined by solder bridge or wire bridge to ensure that the excitation voltages are fed into the
sense inputs (pins 2 and 4). Failure to do this will result in the 5100 displaying an error
message (E0040, E0080 or E00C0). The unit will not operate if the sense pins are not
connected correctly.
3.6.
Serial Ports
The Serial Ports are a factory fitted optional extra. The DB9 connectors are fitted on all
units. If the serial option is not fitted on your unit, all menus dealing with serial setup are
blocked with the “No Entry” message.
3.6.1.
Serial 1 - Networking Port
All connections for this port are via the Serial 1 connector. This is a standard DB9
socket requiring a female DB9 plug. The RS232 and RS422/485 interfaces are
connected in parallel within the 5100, and both output exactly the same message.
The connections for the outputs are shown below. Note that the 5100 only
supports 4 wire full duplex RS422/485.
Pin
2
Function
Description
RX1
RS232 Receive Line
3
TX1
RS232 Transmit Line
5
GND1
RS232 Digital Ground
6
7
8
9
RA
RB
TA
TB
RS422/485 Receive A (-)
RS422/485 Receive B (+)
RS422/485 Transmit A (-)
RS422/485 Transmit B (+)
Connect To
External Device Transmitter
(Usually pin 3)
External Device Receiver
(Usually Pin 2)
External Device Digital Ground
(Usually Pin 5)
External Network
External Network
External Network
External Network
Connect shield as directly as possible to the metal DB9 shell.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Multi-Drop Networking
The following table shows how to connect a number of instruments in an
RS422/RS485 four wire multi-drop network:
Cable 1
6700 or
network master
F’n
RA(-)
RB(+)
TA(-)
TB(+)
Pin
6
7
8
9
Cable 2
5100
Unit 1
Serial 1
F’n
Pin
TA(-)
8
TB(+)
9
RA(-)
6
RB(+)
7
5100
Unit 1
Serial 2
F’n
Pin
RA(-)
6
RB(+)
7
TA(-)
8
TB(+)
9
5100
Unit 2
Serial 1
F’n
Pin
RA(-)
6
RB(+)
7
TA(-)
8
TB(+)
9
For more than 2 units duplicate Cable 2 between each new unit and the network.
The end devices in a multi-drop RS422/485 network may need to be provided with
termination resistors to balance the network loadings. These resistors are built into
the 5100 and they can be enabled or disabled using the digital setup. Refer to
Section 7.6 starting on page 28.
3.6.2.
Serial 2 - Printer Port
All connections for this port are via the Serial 2 connector. This is a standard DB9
socket requiring a female DB9 plug. An RS232 interface is the only output from the
Serial 2 connector. The connections for this are shown below.
Note that pins 6,7,8 and 9 of the serial 2 connector are connected directly to pins
6,7,8 and 9, respectively of the Serial 1 connector. This provides for convenient
implementation of multi-drop RS422 or RS485 communications.
Pin
No.
3
Function
TX2
Output Transmit Line
5
GND2
Digital Ground
4
DTR
DTR Handshake Line
6
7
8
9
RA
RB
TA
TB
RS422/485 Receive A (-)
RS422/485 Receive B (+)
RS422/485 Transmit A (-)
RS422/485 Transmit B (+)
Description
Connect To
External Device Receiver
(Usually Pin 3 on printer)
External Device Digital Ground
(Usually Pin 7 on printer)
External Device Busy Line
(Usually Pin 20 on printer)
External Network
External Network
External Network
External Network
Connect shield directly to the metal DB9 back shell.
3.7.
The Option Cards
Connection details for the optional output cards are provided in Section 12 (Page 69).
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
4.
4.1.
DISPLAY AND CONTROLS
Front Panel
The front panel of the 5100 has a six digit LCD display (1), and a full numeric 17 key
keypad (7). The diagram below shows the main elements of the front panel.
4.2.
Visual Display
The 5100 has five main display sections for the visual output of weight information, the
Weight Display (1), the Auxiliary Display (2), the Unit Indicator (3), the Range/Output
Display (4) and the Annunciators (5). Each section is described below.
Weight Display (1)
The Weight Display indicates the weight readings, setup information, errors and
warnings.
Auxiliary Display (2)
This display provides additional information related to the task you are performing.
For example, during batching, this shows the current recipe or percentage
completed. It may also be configured to show other information when not in use
(e.g. current time).
Unit Indicator (3)
The Unit Indicator displays the units of measure as either grams (g), kilograms
(kg), pounds (lb) or tonnes (t). If the instrument is setup for counting the units of
measure will show 'p' for pieces. The '%' symbol is displayed when percentage
values are being entered during setup.
Range/Output Display (4)
When the indicator is in multirange mode, this shows the current range in use. If
the indicator is in a single range mode, these show the output status of the first six
setpoints.
Annunciators (5)
The annunciator bank made up of two groups. The status annunciators include 'M'
and a number of small
triangles( ) that show the status of the
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
displayed reading. The editing annunciators are used during menu operations to
show the available buttons and the current menu level.
The status annunciators show the following:
ZERO
Lit when the displayed reading is within ± ¼ of a division of true zero.
GROSS
Lit when the display reading represents GROSS weight.
NET
Lit when the display reading represents NET weight.
M
Lit when there is a valid total weight stored in memory.
MOTION
Lit when the displayed reading is not stable.
HOLD
Lit when the display is frozen by a hold operation.
The editing annunciators show the following:
4.3.
GRP
Lit when in the main GROUP menu.
ITM
Lit when in the ITEMS menus.
SEL
Lit when the GROSS/NET button is active for editing.
EDT
Lit when the PRINT button is active for editing.
OK
Lit when the FUNCTION button is active for editing.
Control Buttons (6) and (7)
The 5100 has two sets of buttons:
• The function keys (6)
• The keypad (7)
The function keys (6) consist of five buttons:
• Zero
• Tare
• Gross/Net
• Print
• User assignable button
The first four function keys are fixed to perform necessary weighing functions, while the
last may be assigned by the user to perform a range of desired operations. These
operations include peak hold, batch start/pause/abort. Each of the function keys have
three separate functions:
• A Primary Function that is available during normal weighing - this function is printed
in white at the top of the button.
• A Secondary Function is available during operator input of batching parameters like
target weights. The secondary function is printed below each key.
• An Editing Function which is available during digital setup and calibration. This
function is displayed using the editing annunciators above each button.
The keypad consists of 12 keys. These include the SET and CLEAR keys and the 10
digits. These keys provide a number of functions. Primarily they are used for numeric
input. Other functions include entry of text and navigation of lists.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
4.4.
Data Entry Modes
Throughout the 5100 operator interface, a number of data entry methods are used. Each
method, and its operation is described below.
123
Numeric Entry
A numeric entry box allows the input of a number. When entering a number the
display will show the number as “000000”, with the number of digits to be entered
flashing. The keypad keys 0 to 9 enter a digit from the right, moving all existing
digits left one place. The +/-/SET key can be used alternate the sign for signed
numeric entries only. To delete a single digit, the C key can be used. Holding the
C key for two seconds will cancel the entry. The OK key will accept the number
that has been entered.
Upper and lower limits are placed on some entries and an entry outside this range
will cause the 5100 to display “- - - - - -“, and then revert to the previous correct
value.
Basic Alpha-numeric Entry
ABC
A basic alpha-numeric entry allows the input of a string of up to six characters. The
5100 will display the six characters, with the active character flashing. “REC_12”
is an example of this style of entry. Pressing the SEL key will advance to the next
character. The EDT key will increment the current character. Use the keypad keys
to enter a specific character. For example, to display “L”, press the 5 key three
times. There are upper case letters, digits and lower case letters available on each
key.
At any time the OK key can be pressed to accept the string. Holding the C key for
2 seconds will cancel the string entry.
Advanced Alpha-numeric Entry
ABC
An advanced alpha-numeric entry allows the input of strings longer than six items
and characters not available on the keypad keys. The 5100 will display the string
in either of the following formats “1.01.065” or “1.01. A “. The first format is
[L.PP.CHR], where L is the line number, PP is the position on the line, and CHR
is the ASCII number of the character. The latter format is essentially the same as
the first format, however CHR displays the actual character. The SET key will
switch between the two formats. To enter a character in the first format, the keypad
may be used to enter a number. In the second format, the keypad keys will enter
the letter/number displayed on the key, in the same fashion as the Basic Alphanumeric Entry.
The SEL key will advance to the next position, whilst the EDT key will increment
the current character. The OK key will accept the character and move to the next
one. Press and hold the C key for 2 seconds to cancel the entry of a particular
character.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Selections
SEL
A selection entry requires the choice of a single item from a list of options. The
currently selected item is displayed, and EDT key can be used to switch between
the available options. A single press of the C key will switch between items in the
reverse order.
Due to the large number of options available within some selection entries, the
keypad provides an alternate method to navigate the entries. Similar to a standard
computer keyboard, the following keys have been assigned the following functions:
Home
PgUp
End
PgDn
Key
Function
Home/End
First/last item in list
↑/↓
Up/down one item in list
PgUp/PgDn
Up/down five items in list
Pressing the OK key will select the current item, whilst the C key held for two
seconds will abort the selection, and revert to the original item.
OPT
Options
An option entry allows the selection of an option for a number of settings. Typically
these items are on/off items, however more than two options are available in some
cases. For example, the 5100 serial settings are configured via an option entry, as
shown below. The currently selected item will flash, and may be changed by using
the SEL key. Press the EDT key
n81-2to advance through the available
options. The C key will return an
none 8 bits 1 stop -none RS232 -none option to its original state.
Odd
7 bits 2 stop Term RS422 dtr
Pressing the OK key will accept
Even
the current settings for all
options shown. Holding the C key for two seconds will escape from the option
entry and cancel all changes to the options.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
5.
Basic Operation
In its most basic configuration, the 5100 provides a simple weight readout with optional printing
and serial output capability. More advanced configurations allow for batch control and setpoints,
as detailed in Section 10 (Page 52).
5.1.
Basic Terminology
Setpoints are outputs that are activated when certain conditions are met. They can be
weight dependent, such as a material setpoint and an active setpoint. Other types control
sequences, such as a dump setpoint, whilst others provide status outputs, such as a zero
setpoint.
Recipes use the defined setpoints and store quantities for weight dependant setpoints
(active and material setpoints). These quantities include targets, inflight settings,
preliminary targets and tolerances.
5.2.
Using the Primary Key Functions
A single press of each key triggers the weighing operation printed on it. The 5100 allows
individual buttons to be disabled in the setup. All buttons are enabled at the factory, but
some buttons may have been intentionally disabled during installation. If a button has been
locked a long beep sounds when it is pressed. If however, the button beeps normally, but
does not appear to trigger the desired action it is probably waiting for the weight reading to
settle before the action can proceed. If the action is blocked for more than 10 seconds due
to motion, the action is canceled and a warning message is displayed.
ZERO Button
GRP
This button is used to perform a zero adjustment on the scale display if the empty
scale has drifted away from a true zero reading. The zero adjustment is stored by
the 5100 when power is removed, and is re-used when next powered up.
The amount of weight that may be cancelled by the zero button is limited via an
item in the digital setup of the unit.
TARE Button
ITM
This button is used to temporarily set the scale to zero (such as canceling the
weight of a carton before performing a filling operation). The display will show NET
weight and the NET annunciator will be lit.
The TARE button can operate over the entire valid range of the display. In Trade
Mode the Tare button will not operate if the displayed gross weight is less than or
equal to zero. Negative tare is permitted in Industrial Mode.
The weight tared is deducted from the allowable range of the scale, reducing the
maximum weight that can be displayed.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Numeric TARE Entry
123
To enter a Tare weight directly, simply enter the weight value using the
numeric keys and press the Tare button. The display will flash while the tare
weight is being edited, and then show the preset tare value with the auxiliary
display showing 'PT'.
It is also possible to enter multiple Tare values by pressing and holding the Tare
button for 2 seconds after entering the tare value. In this way it is possible to add
numerous values to the preset tare.
To clear a preset tare either return the display to gross mode via the gross/net
button, or enter a zero value for the preset tare.
GROSS/NET Button
SEL
This button toggles the weight display between the Gross weight and the Net
weight (provided that a Tare has previously been acquired using the Tare button).
PRINT Button
EDT
If a printer or computer has been attached to the 5100 and the manual print
function selected, the Print button will trigger an output of the current weight
reading.
FUNCTION Button
OK
The Function key ships standard without any primary function as a blank white key.
The primary role of this key can be selected from a number of different functions
including peak-hold, counting, batching, etc. See Section 11 (Page 66) for full
details of the available functions. Each primary function has an associated overlay
sticker that should be applied to the function key to label its function.
Stability Considerations
Once a Zero, Tare or Print button is pressed the unit waits for a stable valid
reading before performing the associated operation. If the weight readings remain
unstable or invalid due to some Diagnostic Error for longer than 15 seconds the
operation is canceled and an error message is displayed.
To improve the stability of the weight reading, increase the filtering or relax the
motion detection criteria. Refer to Section 7.3 on page 23.
It is also possible in non-trade applications to set the buttons to act immediately
regardless of the stability of the weight reading. See Section 7.5 (Page 26).
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
5.3.
Using the Operator Interface
In addition to the primary functions of the five operator keys, a secondary set of functions
are available for the entry of operating information for the 5100.
The SET key has dual functions. For numeric entries, the SET key acts as a sign key. The
primary function of the SET key, however is to access and exit the Operator Menus. An
Operator Menu heading is printed below each of the primary function keys. Whenever the
SET key is pressed, 'SET' is displayed on the auxiliary display, and the Operator Menus
become available. To access a particular Operator menu, press the appropriate key.
Pressing ‘SET’ at any stage will return the 5100 to normal operation.
To navigate around the Operator Menus, the menu keys will switch to each of the operator
menus. Repeatedly pressing an Operator Menu key will advance through the items
associated with that Operator menu. The items in each Operator menu are explained in
the subsections below. The menu keys can be pressed in any order to select the item of
interest. To leave the operator menus press the SET key again.
Whilst the Operator Menus are active, the auxiliary display is used to identify each of the
menu items. For example, 'TGT' is displayed to indicate that a particular item is a material
target weight. To change any item, simply enter a new value as per the entry types
described in Section 4.4 (Page 11).
Access to the Operator settings can be restricted by setting an operator passcode and an
access level setting. See Section 7.5 (Page 26) for information on Operator passcodes
and security.
RECIPE Settings
RECIPE
The following items are available from the operator menu labeled RECIPE. They
can be accessed by pressing the SET key followed by the RECIPE key. Pressing
the RECIPE key will advance through the available items.
FIND: The FIND option allows an operator to locate a particular
recipe by searching for its' ID name. Each RECIPE has a number ABC
and is also identified by a 6 character alphanumeric ID. To search for
a recipe press the first letter of its ID at the FIND prompt. Each subsequent
press of an alphanumeric key will list the recipes with IDs starting with that
letter or number. To step through all of the recipes with IDs that share a
particular letter press the SEL key. The recipe ID is shown on the main
display and the recipe number is shown on the auxiliary display. If there are
no recipes with IDs starting with the letter chosen, then the letter will be
shown followed by dashes (eg A----- would be shown if there were no recipe
IDs starting with 'A').
PROP: The PROPortion option allows the quantities of all ingredients
within the particular recipe to be scaled by the percentage entered. 123
Legitimate recipe proportions range from 1.0% to 1000.0%. For
example, a proportion of 200% would double the weight of each ingredient,
thereby doubling the weight of the batch.
TARE: To enter a Preset Tare value for the current recipe enter the
tare weight and press OK. Use recipe tares when topping up known
containers that are partially full.
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TARGET SETTINGS
The target menu allows material targets to be set for the current recipe.
Press the SET key followed by the TARGET key to access the target menu.
Pressing the target key will then step through all of the material targets for
the current recipe. The material name is shown followed by the target
weight. 'TGT' is shown on the auxiliary display.
TARGET
123
FLIGHT SETTINGS
Flight settings associated with each material are available from this menu. FLIGHT
The material name is shown followed by the particular flight setting. The 123
auxiliary display shows which flight setting has been selected. To change
a setting, type in the new weight using the numeric keys and press OK. Press the
FLIGHT menu key to cycle through flight settings for a particular material. Use the
TARGET menu to select the materials.
Available settings are:
PRE: Preliminary target value for the material.
FLT: In-flight weight setting.
TOL: Tolerance weight setting.
ID SETTINGS
ID
The following items are available from the ID operator menu. They can be
accessed by pressing the SET key followed by the ID menu key. Pressing the ID
key will advance through the available items.
ID: Each recipe can be given a six character identification. This ID is
ABC
used to find a required recipe, and may also be printed. The ID for a
current recipe can be entered from this menu. The recipe ID may by
restricted to numbers only or it may use letters as well, depending on the
setup configuration. See Section 7.5 (Page 26) for information on the different
recipe ID types. On entering the menu, 'REC.Id' is shown on the main display
followed by the recipe identification string. The current recipe number is
shown on the auxiliary display.
REF: In addition to the sequential printout ID that is used to uniquely
identify each printout it is possible to enter a 6 digit Reference
Number that can be shown on the printed ticket.
123
HEADER: The dual line twenty character print header can be
configured from the ID menu. This is not stored as part of the recipe ABC
information, but this option provides a convenient way for the operator
to alter the printed ticket information without having to enter the setup menus.
Refer to Section 7.6 starting on page 28 for information on the printer ticket
header.
Shortcuts
A number of shortcut sequences exist to allow the operator to set the current recipe
or Printer Reference directly. These shortcut sequences operate in exactly the
same way as for setting a numeric tare. To use a shortcut, enter a number using
the numeric keys and then press the Recipe, Tare or ID buttons. This will set the
current recipe, numeric tare or printer reference to the number entered.
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6.
6.1.
APPLICATION CONFIGURATION ISSUES
General Setup Information
The 5100 configuration and calibration can be performed entirely from front panel, using
the Digital Setup facility. To protect the scale calibration, two modes of setup are available.
Full setup is provided for calibration and initial configuration of the 5100. When Full Setup
is used, all menu items are accessible, and care must be taken to ensure no accidental
changes are made to calibration and trade settings. Safe Setup is similar to the Full Setup,
except all critical steps controlling the calibration and trade operation of the 5100 cannot
be accessed. Safe setup only permits access to those digital functions that will not effect a
trade scale’s certification.
Both Safe and Full setup can be passcode protected with separate passcodes to prevent
unauthorised tampering, as detailed in Section 7.5 (Page 26). If the scale has been
passcode protected, the setup menus cannot be accessed until the correct code has been
entered.
Terminology
A knowledge of the basic weighing terms is useful in setting up and calibrating the
5100. The terms used include “Units”, “Range”, “Count-by” and “Graduations”.
These terms are used throughout the setting procedure and are defined as follows:
Units describes the actual units of displayed measurement (kilograms,
tonnes, pounds, etc)
Range describes the total change in weight between zero gross load and full
capacity gross load. It is always given in displayed weight units. This is the
nominated total capacity of the scale.
Count-by (E1 or E2) describes the smallest change in weight units that the
display can show.
Graduations describes the maximum number of display steps between zero
gross load and full capacity gross load. It is equal to the Range divided by the
count-by.
The following example demonstrates the use of these terms:
A 10,000kg 2.0mV/V load cell is used in an application requiring a 5000kg range,
with weight displayed in 5kg increments. The values of each of the above terms
are as follows:
Units = kg, Range = 5000, Count - by = 5
The graduations can be calculated, thus
Graduations =
Range
5000
=
= 1000divisions
Count - by
5
Signal voltages can be calculated as follows:
The full scale load cell signal is calculated thus:
Full Scale Signal =
17
5000
× 2.0mV / V = 1.0mV / V
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Since the 5100 uses 8V loadcell excitation, the absolute signal voltage is:
Absolute Signal Voltage = 8V ×1.0mV / V = 8.0mV
The signal resolution is calculated thus:
Signal Resolution =
8.0mV
= 0.008mV / division ≡ 8µV / division
1000divisions
Dual Interval and Dual Range Operation
The 5100 provides both Dual Interval and Dual Range modes of operation as well
as the traditional single range setting. In non-trade operation, up to 100,000
divisions are available so it is rare for the precision of the displayed reading to be a
problem. However, in Trade applications where the number of divisions that can
be legally displayed is limited, the use of Dual Interval or Dual Range operation
allows greater precision in the displayed readings without exceeding the maximum
number of graduations available in the certification of the load cell.
Both of these modes of operation allow for the 5100 to operate with 2 count-by
settings so that it is possible to weigh using fine increments for a low weight range,
and coarse increments in a high range. For example, the 5100 could be configured
to weigh up to 2kg in 1g increments and from 2kg up to 5kg using 2g increments.
Dual Interval and Dual Range are identical in many respects and can be treated
the same for the purposes of setup and calibration. The difference between the
two comes about in the operation of the scale. With Dual Range operation the
range is determined based on the gross weight. Once the scale changes from low
range to high range it may not change back to low range again until the scale is
returned to a stable zero reading. Dual Interval operation however is based on the
net weight and no restrictions are placed on the change from the high interval to
the low interval. With Dual Interval operation it is therefore possible to weigh in the
low interval with high tare weights.
The 5100 is equally accurate in either mode but due to hysteresis effects in many
load cells it may not be possible for them to operate accurately in Dual Interval
mode. In these cases, Dual Range mode ensures that the weight readings taken
from the load cell are accurately displayed during loading and unloading
operations.
Direct mV/V Operation
It is possible to calibrate the 5100 without test weights if the output capacity of the
load cell is known. For applications like silo weighing where it is impractical to use
test weights this mode of operation allows the mV/V signal strength at no load, as
well as the mV/V signal strength of the span to be entered directly. This type of
calibration is only as accurate as the load cell output figures but for many
applications this is more than adequate. Extended features like multi-range and
linearisation are not compatible with this form of calibration.
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Filtering Techniques
The 5100 includes a number of advanced filtering options, which allow it to be
optimised to produce the most accurate readings possible in the shortest time.
There is a trade off between noise filtering and the step response time of the
system. The step response is defined as the time between placing a weight on the
scale and the correct stable weight reading being displayed. This does not effect
the number of readings per second that are taken. It simply defines the amount of
time that is required to determine a final weight reading.
FIR (Finite Impulse Response) Filter: The first level of filtering provided is a FIR
filter that is linked to the measurement rate. The measurement rate is set in the
SYNC option of the SPEC menu. This filter is a very high performance ‘tuned’ filter
that provides up to 180 dB of attenuation at multiples of the SYNC frequency and
broad band filtering of between 40 and 80 dB. For example, setting the SYNC
frequency to 25Hz would provide 180 dB of noise rejection at frequencies of 25, 50,
75 … Hz.
Changes to the SYNC setting effect the calibration of the system, so it is wise to
determine the primary noise frequency of the system prior to calibration. Often the
primary noise source is the mains power so the SYNC is usually set to 50 or 60Hz
depending on mains frequency. However for applications with high levels of
mechanical noise it is better to tune this filter to the natural frequency of the scale.
For example, a mixing paddle in a hopper scale may induce a vibration of 40 Hz.
The FIR filter introduces a delay of three samples to the step response. Thus, at a
SYNC frequency of 50Hz, where readings are taken every 20 milliseconds, a delay
of 60 milliseconds is introduced between a weight change and the final weight
reading.
Digital Averaging: In addition to the FIR filter the 5100 has two levels of digital
averaging. The first level is a fixed length sliding window average where the
average of the last ‘n’ readings is calculated. As each new reading is taken the
oldest reading is discarded and a new average calculated. The length of the
window can be configured in steps from one reading to 200 readings, and is set
using the FILTER setting in the OPTION group. Each reading in the average adds
a delay to the step response equal to the measurement period. For example, an
average of ten readings with a SYNC frequency of 50Hz results in the following
total step response:
(10 + 3)samples × 20milliseconds = 260milliseconds
The second level of averaging is similar to the first but has a variable length
window that grows from one reading up to a maximum of ten readings. If a
disturbance on the scale is detected, the old readings are discarded and a new
average starts all over again. Each of the ten readings are calculated over the
window length of the fixed average. In this way very long term averages are
calculated without introducing any delays. The amount of fluctuation that causes
the averaging to be restarted can be selected from OFF, FINE or COARSE in the
JITTER item under the OPTION group. The COARSE setting is more tolerant of
weight change than the FINE setting, whilst the OFF setting disables this level of
filtering.
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Trade vs Industrial Mode
The 5100 may be operated in Trade or Industrial mode. Following is a list of the
differences in operation for each of the two modes:
ITEM
TRADE
INDUSTRIAL
Underload
-1%
or
-2%
of
fullscale -105% of fullscale
depending on zero range setting
Overload
Fullscale +9 divisions
105% of fullscale
TARE
TARE values must be > 0
No restrictions on TARE
De-Zero
Not available
2 second press of the Zero
Key will clear the zero setting
Test Modes Limited to 5 seconds
Unlimited time allowed
Setup Counter
Within Digital Setup there are a number of critical steps that can effect the
calibration and/or trade performance of the 5100. If any of these steps are altered,
the trade certification of the scale could be voided. These steps are automatically
blocked in the Safe Setup.
The 5100 provides a built in Setup Counter to monitor the number of times the
critical steps are altered. The value of this counter is stored within the unit, and can
only be reset at the factory. Each time a critical step is altered, the counter will
increase by one. Whenever the 5100 is powered up, or setup mode is entered, the
current value in the counter is displayed briefly.
Passcodes
The 5100 has three levels of passcodes to provide a security lock on Digital Setup.
An individual passcode is available to secure each of Safe Setup, Full Setup and
the operator menus. The setup passcodes limit access to the setup menus, whilst
the operator passcode restricts access to items within the operator menus. For
example, recipe and material information.
Passcodes can be set from items (SPECIAL:PASSCD:SAFE.PC, SPECIAL:
PASSCD:FULL.PC and SPECIAL:PASSCD:OPER.PC) in the Special group. A
setting of “000000” clears a Passcode and allows free access. This is the
default setting and must be changed by the installer to restrict operator
access. Any other number will enable the passcode function and restrict access to
the particular setup routines. In addition to the operator passcode, there is an
operator access level, which controls which settings are freely available without
passcode entry and which will require it. For example, it is possible to configure
the 5100 to allow any operator to change the current batch but in order to change
the target weights for the batch a passcode must be entered.
When a passcode is enabled, the 5100 will stop for passcode confirmation
123
before entering Digital Setup or the operator menus. A value of 000000
will be displayed, and the correct passcode must be entered, in the
standard numeric entry fashion. Correct entry of the code will allow access to
Setup, whilst an incorrect passcode will trigger an error message and the display
will return to normal weighing.
The passcodes may be cleared or changed at any time from Full Setup. The
passcode for the FULL Setup must not be forgotten, as it is only possible to
circumvent it at the factory. Care must be taken with the use of the FULL
Setup Passcode to ensure that the instrument does not become permanently
locked.
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7.
7.1.
DIGITAL SETUP
Operation of the Digital Setup Menus
Entering Digital Setup
There are two ways to access the 5100 Digital Setup. To protect a number of
settings critical to the correct operation of unit, a Safe setup option locks out some
options. Full setup allows access to all options.
To enter Safe Digital Setup, press and hold the SET key for two seconds.
The 5100 will beep twice, and display the following items: “SAFE
SET SETUP 5100”, Software Version, Setup Access Count. If a passcode has
been configured, the safe setup passcode must be entered to gain access to the
Setup. This passcode is entered (like any numeric value) using the keypad. The
first item in the Group list (BUILD) is then displayed.
+ -
To enter Full Digital Setup, press and hold both the ZERO and
SET keys for two seconds. The 5100 will beep twice, and display
SET the following items: “FULL SETUP 5100”, Software Version,
RECIPE
Setup Access Count. If a passcode has been configured, the full setup
passcode must be entered to gain access to the Setup. This passcode is entered
(like any numeric value) using the keypad. The first item in the Group list (BUILD)
is then displayed. WARNING: All items in all menus will be enabled in Full setup,
and care should be taken to avoid inadvertently altering build and calibration
settings.
+ -
Groups, Items, Subitems and the Setting Buttons
The 5100 is an advanced instrument providing a large number of facilities. To
simplify configuring the unit, all setup options in the 5100 are organised in a tree
structure made up of Groups, Items and Subitems. To simplify explanations, the
following notation is used throughout the manual to identify the location of an item:
GRP
(GROUP:ITEM) or (GROUP:ITEM:SUBITEM).
Groups (GRP)
Digital Setup is divided into a series of “Groups”. Each group has a distinctive
group title. All items in any one group have related functions. GRP is
displayed if the 5100 is displaying a group title. The [GRP] key can be used
to scroll through the available groups. Pressing the [ITM] key will enter the
ITM
selected group, allowing access to the items within the group.
Items (ITM)
Each group is divided into numbers of individual “Items”. Each item
represents either a parameter that can be changed, or a set of subitems. ITM
is displayed when selecting items or sub-groups of items from a group. The
[ITM] key will advance through the list. Press the [SEL] key to edit the item or
SEL
select items from the sub-group.
Subitems (SEL)
Where a large number of related settings exist, a sub-group of sub-items is
included under an item. SEL is displayed when selecting items within a subgroup. Press the [SEL] key to select a particular item and press [OK] to edit.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
For example, the group SPEC holds all of the items for passcodes, key
functions and operation modes. All of the items associated with passcodes
and security have been grouped into a sub-group within SPEC called
PASSCD. This would be written (SPEC:PASSCD).
The role of each of the primary keys during editing is displayed on the LCD above each of
the keys. These functions are as follows:
GRP
Zero Key
ITM
Tare Key
SEL
Gross/Net Key
EDT
Print Key
OK
Function Key
Steps through the list of groups. If this is displayed then the
5100 is showing a Group Heading.
Steps through the list of items and sub-groups. If this is
displayed then the 5100 is showing a item or sub-group
Heading.
Steps through the list of items within a sub-group or moves the
editing cursor in some editing modes.
Steps through the available options when editing a particular
item.
Press this key to edit an item or to save changes and return to
the menus.
The C/M- key is used as an undo key during editing. At any point in the process the C/Mkey will cancel the last operation. Use this key to reverse direction when selecting any
items from lists or to perform a 'backspace' function when entering numbers. A long press
of this key will perform an ABORT operation and return to the menu without making any
changes.
7.2.
Scale Build - (BUILD)
Items within this Group are used to configure the indicator to suit the current application. It
is important to fully set the options within this group before calibration is attempted, as later
changes to items within this group may invalidate the current calibration data. Items
marked with ⊗ indicate a setting that can only be altered from full setup.
(TYPE)
SEL
Display Type ⊗
Selects the type of display to suit the application. This can be set for Single Range,
Dual Interval or Dual Range, or Direct mV/V operation.
(DP)
SEL
Decimal Point Position ⊗
Sets the location of the decimal point on the display. To avoid confusion, set this
parameter first so that all other weight related values are displayed with the
decimal point in the correct position.
Can be set from 000000 (none) to 0.00000.
(CAP1)
Maximum Capacity (Lower Range) 1 ⊗
123
Sets the nominal maximum capacity (or Range) of the scale in single range mode,
or sets the maximum value of the lower range in dual mode. This is set in weighing
units (e.g. kg, t etc) with the decimal point in place. For example, if a scale is to
weigh 500.0 kg in 0.5 kg increments, then set CAP1 to 500.0, and set E1 to 0.5.
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(E1)
Count By (Lower Range) 1 ⊗
123
Sets the resolution (or Count-by) of the display for single range, or sets the
resolution of the lower range in dual mode. The resolution is the number by which
the indicator will count by. This is set in weighing units with the decimal point in
place.
Values of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 or 100 can be set.
(CAP2)
Maximum Capacity (Upper Range) 2 ⊗
123
Sets the maximum capacity of the upper range in Dual Range and Dual Interval
modes. This defines the maximum capacity of the scale in Dual Range or Dual
Interval modes. This setting is ignored in single range mode. For example, if a
scale is to weigh in 0.05 kg to 100.00 kg and then in 0.10 kg to 300.00 kg then set
CAP2 to 300.00, E2 to 0.10, CAP1 to 100.00 and E1 to 0.05.
(E2)
123
Count By (Lower Range) 2 ⊗
Sets the resolution (or Count-by) of the upper range in dual mode.
This is set in weighing units with the decimal point in place.
Values of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, or 100 can be set.
(UNITS)
SEL
Units of Measure ⊗
Sets the units of measure for display and printing.
Options available are: (g) grams, (kg) kilograms, (lb) pounds, (t) tonnes, (NONE)
other units.
Default: kg
7.3.
Scale Options - (OPTION)
Items within this Group are used to configure the operating parameters of the scale. Only
some of these items may be changed after calibration without effecting the calibration
accuracy. Items marked with ⊗ indicate a setting that can only be altered from full
setup.
SEL
Scale Use ⊗
(USE)
The basic use of the scale must be set here. This setting configures the 5100 for
either Industrial or Trade operation. Trade configuration will limit the operation of
the unit to comply with OIML provisions. Industrial configuration removes all
restrictions on operation.
Available options are: INdUST or TRAdE. Default: INdUST.
(FILTER)
SEL
Reading Average
The 5100 can average a number of sequential readings when calculating the
displayed weight. This is used to dampen unwanted weight fluctuations caused by
vibrations or dynamic forces. High settings will stabilise the display at the expense
of rapid response to sudden weight changes.
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Available options are: 1..10, 25, 50, 75, 100, 200. Default: 10
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(JITTER)
Anti-jitter Weight Stabilisation
SEL
This feature can automatically damp out small weight fluctuations without
effecting the speed of response to rapid weight changes (separate to averaging).
Useful for stabilising minor changes in weight readings.
Available options are: OFF, FinE, or CoArSE. Default: OFF
SEL
(MOTION) Motion Detection ⊗
Sets how much weight variation over a defined time period is allowed before the
displayed weight is deemed to be unstable. This value is displayed in weight
change (0.5, 1.0, 2.0 or 5.0 graduations) per time period (1.0, 0.5 or 0.2 seconds).
When set to “none”, the Motion Detection is ignored and ZERO, TARE and PRINT
actions are instantaneous. Motion can be set from 0.5 count-bys per 1.0 seconds
(fine) to 5.0 count-bys per 0.2 seconds (coarse).
Default: 0.5 -1.0 t
(AUTO.Z)
Auto-Zero on Startup
SEL
This function can be used to automatically ZERO the indicator during power-up.
The amount of weight that can be zeroed is limited to +/- 10% of Range.
Available options are: ON or OFF. Default: OFF
(Z.TRAC)
Zero Tracking Sensitivity ⊗
SEL
Zero tracking allows the display to adjust for minor changes in the zero balance of
the scale. The zero track limit sets the fastest rate of change that is allowed to be
compensated automatically. This value is displayed in the number of graduations
(0.5, 1.0, 2.0 or 5.0) per time period (1.0, 0.5 or 0.2 seconds). When set to “none”,
the Zero Tracking is disabled.
Rate of weight change can be set from 0.5 graduations per 1.0s (fine) to 5.0
graduations per 0.2 s (coarse). Default: None
(Z.RANGE) Allowable Zero Operating Range ⊗
SEL
This setting restricts the range over which the Zero functions can operate.
Set in steps from -1%, -3% to ±100%. Default: 02 - 02 (-2% to +2%)
(Z.BAND)
123
Zero Dead Band ⊗
This is an adjustable margin either side of true zero that defines the Zero Dead
Band. The Zero Dead Band is used by the automated functions of the 5100 to
determine ‘Zero Load’. E.g. a setting of 4 specifies that readings between -4.5 and
4.5 are considered to be zero.
Settable over the full weight range. Always enter a number in multiples of display
units (see E1 in BUILD). Default: 0 (i.e. -0.5 to 0.5)
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7.4.
Scale Calibration - (CAL)
Items within this group perform various calibration routines. For scale calibration
procedures refer to Section 8: CALIBRATION (Page 39). Certain items in the Scale Build,
Special and Options sections can effect the calibration of the scale. Always check that
these sections are correctly configured to suit the current application before attempting to
calibrate the scale. Items marked with ⊗ indicate a setting that can only be altered from
full setup.
Zero Calibration ⊗
(ZERO)
Select to start a Zero Calibration. While the zeroing is in progress the display will
show ‘Z.IN.P’. For a detailed description on the zeroing and calibration
procedures, refer to Section 8 (Page 39).
Span Calibration ⊗
(SPAN)
Select to start a Span Calibration. While the span calculation is in progress the
display will show ‘S.IN.P’. For a detailed description on the span and calibration
procedures, refer to Section 8 (Page 39).
123
(ED.LIN)
Edit Linearisation Points ⊗
Select to view linearisation setup and start linearisation routines. For more
information on linearisation, refer to Section 8.3 (Page 41).
123
(CLR.LIN) Clear Linearisation Points ⊗
Select to view linearisation setup and select linearisation points to clear. For more
information on linearisation, refer to Section 8.3 (Page 41).
(FAC.CAL) Restore Default Factory Calibration ⊗
Select this to restore default factory calibration. This restores all settings in the
Build and Cal menus back to factory defaults.
7.5.
Special Settings Menu - (SPEC)
Items marked with ⊗ indicate a setting that can only be altered from full setup. Items within
this group control features including passcodes, button locking, key functions and display
settings.
(PASSCD) Passcodes
The passcodes subgroup contains settings used to limit access to particular items
in the 5100.
(SAFE.PC)
Security passcode for Safe Digital Setup
123
The passcode for safe digital setup prevents access to safe setup, and
can be entered from this subitem. A setting of 000000 bypasses the passcode
function and allows free access.
Range 000000 to 999999. Default: 000000.
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(FULL.PC) Security passcode for Full Digital Setup ⊗
123
The passcode for full digital setup prevents access to full setup, and can
be entered from this subitem. A setting of 000000 bypasses the passcode
function and allows free access.
Range 000000 to 999999. Default: 000000.
123
(OPER.PC)
Security passcode for Operator Setup
The passcode for operator setup prevents access to the operator menus, and can
be entered from this subitem. A setting of 000000 bypasses the passcode
function and allows free access to the operator menus.
Range 000000 to 999999. Default is 000000.
SEL
(OP.ACC)
Operator Access Level
The operator access level defines which parameters are available to the operator
without the need to enter the operator passcode. The following list specifies
which parameters are available at each level. Parameters up to and including the
level are all available, thus level 2 access permits access to Level 2 and Level 1.
Available options are:
0: None (All parameters require passcode)
1: Current Recipe
2: Recipe Proportion
3: Recipe Preset Tare
4: Recipe ID and Print Header
5: Recipe Targets
6: Recipe Flight Settings
7: Tolerances (All parameters are available)
Default: 0
(BUTTON) Operating Buttons Setup ⊗
OPT
This item allows individual buttons to be locked and unlocked. The following
settings are available each key: Y – enabled, N – disabled, I – immediate
operation (don’t wait for motion to cease). The display will show YYYY, where
each character represents the ZERO, TARE, GROSS/NET and PRINT buttons,
respectively.
(FUNCTN) Button Functions
The button functions subgroup configures all user defined keys (the user defined
front key and the five remote (external) keys).
(FRONT)
User Defined Front Panel Key Function
Sets the function of the front panel user defined key. See Section 11
(Page 66) for a detailed description of each of these functions.
Default: NONE
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
(REM 1..REM 5)
Remote Key Functions 1 to 5
SEL
Sets the function of the external inputs on the setpoint or combo cards.
See Section 11 (Page 66) for a detailed description of each of these
functions. Note that remote keys 1 to 4 are allocated to the setpoint card, and
remote key 5 is allocated to the combo card.
Default: NONE
(ID.TYPE)
SEL
Identifier Type
Sets the type of the recipe identifier. Available options are:
Alpha:
Identifiers may contain both letters and numbers
Number:
Identifiers are numeric only
Default: Alpha
SEL
(B.LIGHT)
Backlight Operation
Sets to operation of the backlight. Auto backlighting specifies the amount of idle
time required before the backlight is turned off. Available options are:
OFF:
Backlight is off
ON:
Backlight is always on
AUTO.10: Backlight turns off after 10 seconds of idle time
AUTO.30: Backlight turns off after 30 seconds of idle time
AUTO.60: Backlight turns off after 60 seconds of idle time
Default: OFF
(AUX.DSP) Auxilary Display
This sets the function of the auxiliary display. Available options are:
OFF:
TIME:
RECIPE:
FILL.PC:
Default: Off
SEL
Blank
Displays the current time in 12 hour format
Displays the current recipe number
Shows the percentage completion of each material fill during batching
123
(SYNC)
A/D Synchronisation Frequency ⊗
WARNING - This setting will affect the calibration of the indicator and should
be set before calibration is done.
The A/D Synchronisation Frequency sets the primary anti-noise filter of the 5100. It
will deliver optimum stability in a 50Hz environment when set to 50Hz. Set in cycles
per second between the limits of 15 to 60Hz. This also sets the number of readings
taken per second. For example, a setting of 50 means that the unit will take 50
readings per second.
Default: 50
7.6.
Communications Options - (SERIAL)
Items within this Group set the serial and printing outputs. The Items relating to particular
task are combined to form a list. To manipulate the list, continue to press the [SEL] key to
select the item of interest and press the [OK] key to edit. Press [ITM] to return to the list.
Serial configuration is discussed in more detail in Section 9 on Page 43.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
(SER1)
SEL
Serial Output 1
Sets the function of the first serial output. The port can be disabled, or set to run as
an automatic output or a network device.
OFF:
Auto.Lo:
Auto.Hi:
SinglE:
NET:
PLCA:
PLCb:
Default: NET
(SER2)
Disables serial output 1
Enables automatic transmission at 10Hz
Enables automatic transmission at the frequency entered in the SYNC
menu item (Section 7.5, Page 26)
Single transmission of data triggered by the SING.1 external input
Sets the 5100 to function as a network device
Mitsubishi FXos-30MR-ES PLC interface for setpoint driving
NaiS FP0 PLC interface for setpoint driving
SEL
Serial Output 2
Sets the function of the second serial output. The port can be disabled, or set to
run as an automatic output or as a printer driver with DTR handshaking.
OFF:
Disables the output
Auto.Lo:
Enable Auto transmit at 10 Hz
Print:
Enable the output for printer driving
SinglE:
Single transmission of data triggered by the SING.2 external input
PLCA:
Mitsubishi FXos-30MR-ES PLC interface for setpoint driving
PLCb:
NaiS FP0 PLC interface for setpoint driving
Default: Print
(NET.OPT) Network Options
The network options subgroup contains items concerned with networking.
(ADDRESS)
Serial Address
123
This is the address of the 5100 that is used in network applications.
Range 00 to 31. Default: 31
(TYPE)
Network Type
Select the network protocol. Available options are:
Net.A:
Net.b:
Default: Net.A
Ranger networking
Modbus networking
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SEL
Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
(AUT.OPT) Auto Transmit Options
The automatic transmission options subgroup configures items concerned with
serial transmission of weight data.
(TYPE) Auto Output Format
SEL
Sets the format for automatically transmitted data. A detailed
description of these formats is given in Section 9.1 (Page 43). Available
options are:
Auto.A:
Format A - Standard Ranger output format
Auto.B..Auto.E:
Formats B through E
Auto.F:
Format F - User programmable output format
Default: Auto.A
(SRC)
Auto Output Source
Select the weight source for the automatically transmitted data. Available options
are:
dISP:
GroSS:
NET:
Total:
FULL:
Default: dISP
(AUT.FMT)
Displayed reading
Gross Weight
Net weight
Total weight
All data displayed is transmitted
Auto Output Format
ABC
Program the auto output format when using Auto.F formatting. Up to 20
literal characters and special tokens can be entered to define the details of the
serial output format.
Default: “” (No format specified)
(ST.CHR)
Start Character
123
Sets the character sent at the start of the automatic message string. Can
be set to any valid ASCII character. If set to Null (00), no character will be sent in
this position.
Default: 02 (Start of Text (STX))
(END.CH1)
First End Character
123
Sets the first of the two characters sent at the end of the automatic message
string. Can be set to any valid ASCII character. If set to Null (00), no character will
be sent in this position.
Default: 03 (End of Text (ETX))
(END.CH2)
Second End Character
123
Sets the second of the two characters sent at the end of the automatic
message string. Can be set for any valid ASCII character. If set to Null (00), no
character will be sent in this position.
Default: 00 (No character sent)
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
(PRN.OPT) Print Options
The print options subgroup contains all items associated with printing.
(TYPE) Printer Output Type
SEL
Sets the type of printout sent via a serial port configured for printing when
the PRINT button is pressed. Detailed descriptions of each printout are given in
Section 9 (Page 43). Available options are:
NonE:
SING:
doub:
tic:
Custom:
Default: SINg
No printout. Use this to suppress printing of individual
weights in a total
Print a single line with no extra line feed
Print single line output but double spaced
Print full weight ticket
Custom Ticket format
SEL
(MODE) Printing Mode
Selects the printing mode from one of the following:
MANUAL:
AUTO:
TOTAL:
A.TOTAL:
Default: MANUAL
(HEADER)
Manual printing using the print key
Automatic printing with every new stable reading
Manual totalising using the print key
Automatic totalising
Ticket Header
ABC
The custom ticket header can be entered here. This header may also be
modified from the operator ID menu during normal operation.
Default:
(TIC.FMT)
WEIGHT
TICKET
Ticket Format
A custom ticket format can be entered here. Refer to Section 9.3 starting
on page 47 for information on custom ticket format entry.
ABC
Default: “” (Blank)
(SPACE)
Margin Space
123
The margin space item allows the number of rows and columns of space
to leave for each printout can be entered in cc.rr format. “cc” specifies the
number of columns of blank space and “rr” specifies the number of rows of blank
space. "rr" can be set from 0..9 to select up to 9 rows of blank space. A value of
10 will force a printer Form Feed.
Default: 00.00 (zero columns and zero rows)
(BAUD)
Serial Baud Rate
The baud rate item determines the serial data transmission speed for both serial
ports.
Available options are: 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600 and 19,200. Default: 9600
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(BITS) Serial Format Options
OPT
The bits options allow the data transmission bit pattern and interface to be
changed. The display will show the current setting in the form (n81-2-) where each
character has a meaning as shown below. When either PLCA or PLCb are being
used, the serial format will be locked to the PLC settings. Available options are:
n81-2n,O,E:
Parity bit
8, 7:
The number of data bits
none 8 bits 1 stop - none RS232 - none
1, 2:
The number of stop bits
Odd
7 bits 2 stop Term RS422 dtr
-, t:
Termination resistors
Even
2, 4:
Interface: RS232/RS422.
-, d:
DTR handshake disabled/enabled
Default: n81-2-. For most applications the default setting is applicable.
7.7.
Set Points - (SET.PTS)
Items within this group configure the operational logic of the setpoint system. Refer to
Section 10: SETPOINTS (Page 52) for a detailed explanation of batching and setpoints.
(DEFLT)
Configure using Default Applications
SEL
Use this item to pre-configure setpoint operation to one of the preprogrammed standard applications. This process fills out the setpoint type and
options.
(SET.TYP) Setpoint Type
Sets the type and options for each setpoint. The [SEL] key will scroll through the
list of setpoints, and the currently configured type will be displayed in the auxiliary
display.
(SETP 1 .. SETP25)
Setpoint Types 1..25
SEL
OPT
Selects the type for each of the 25 setpoints. Refer to Section
10.3 (Page 55) for details on the different setpoint types and options.
Pressing [OK] after selecting a setpoint will bring up the setpoint options. These
options vary depending on the type of setpoint.
Default: NONE
(GEN.OPT) General Options
General setpoint options including automatic inflight adjustment and tolerances.
(OPTION)
Options
Operating
nSEdb-
Select the operating options for the
5100.
These options are discussed in
detail in Section 10.4 page 58.
Default: 'nSEdb-'
33
OPT
normal Single Error delay - none -allfeed
r emain Auto - ignore - none batch# 1Feed
Targets
Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
(FLT.ADJ)
In-flight Adjustment
123
In-flight settings can be automatically adjusted to remove batching errors.
The inflight adjustment sets the percentage of a batch error that is used to correct
the inflight value. Note that an in-flight setting can not be adjusted by more than
50% of its current value regardless of the batching error.
Default: 0%
(TOL)
Tolerance Options
SEL
Sets the response to an out of tolerance condition.
Default: NONE
(AUT.CLR)
Automatic Clear Options
SEL
Sets which items are cleared at the end of the batch. This allows
proportion settings or Recipe 1 targets etc to be cleared automatically.
Default: NONE
(PROP.PC)
Proportion Percentage
SEL
Sets whether recipe proportion is entered in percentage or not.
Default: ON
(LABELS) Labels
Configuration of labels for material names.
(NAME 1..NAME20)
Names 1..20
Set a six character label (material name) for up to 20 materials.
materials used are presented in the list.
ABC
Only the
Default: 'MAT__1' .. 'MAT_20'
(DELAY)
Delay Settings
Delay settings for materials and finish relays.
123
(DELAY1..DLY20) Delays 1..20
Sets the individual delays at the end of the fill for each material.
Default: 1.0 second
(FINISH)
123
Finish Delay
Sets the time for the operation of a Finish Relay .
Default: 1.0 second
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Jog Settings
Configures global and material specific jog settings.
(JOG1..JOG20)
123
Jogs 1..20
Sets the on time for any material that is using auto-jogging.
Default: 0.5 seconds
(JOG.OFF)
Jog Off Settings
123
Sets the off time between each jog in 0.1 second increments. This setting
applies to all materials with auto-jogging enabled.
Default: 1.0 seconds
(JOG.SET)
123
Jog Cycles
Sets the number of jog cycles to be performed before the 5100 waits for no
motion. This setting applies to all materials with auto-jogging enabled.
Default: 1
7.8.
Analogue Settings - (ANALOG)
Items within this group set the options for the optional analogue output and combo cards.
(SRC) Analog Output Source
SEL
Select the reading source for analogue output. Available options are:
DISP:
Displayed weight reading, either gross or net.
GROSS: Gross weight only.
Net:
Net weight only.
Default: DISP
(TYPE)
Analog Output Type
SEL
Selects a range of voltage or current outputs. Available options are:
OFF:
Analog Output Disabled
Volt:
Voltage Output (-10v to 10v, 0v at 0 weight)
Cu.r:
4-20 mA current output
AbS.Cur: Absolute weight reading, output as 4-20mA current output
Default: OFF
(CAL.LO)
Calibrate Zero Output
This allows a fine calibration of the analogue output corresponding to zero weight
at either 4mA or 0V, depending on the Analog Output Type.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
(CAL.HI)
Calibrate Fullscale Output
This allows a fine calibration of the analogue output corresponding to fullscale
weight at either 20mA or 10V, depending on the Analog Output Type.
NB: The range of adjustment in Zero and Fullscale is around 9mA or 7VDC which
allows for a complete range of voltage or current outputs. For example it is possible to
setup the voltage output to operate from 2..10V, 1..5V, 0..10V etc by changing the Zero
and Fullscale analogue calibrations.
(FRC.ANL) Test Analogue Output
Test analogue output. This function toggles the analogue output between low (0V
or 4 mA) and high (10V or 20mA), to allow the analogue output function to be
tested independent of the weight readings.
7.9.
Clock Settings - (CLOC)
Items within this group set time and date related functions. Items marked with ⊗ indicate a
setting that can only be altered from full setup.
(TIME)
Set Time
123
The correct time may be entered in this item. The time is entered in the
format (00.HH.MM), where HH is the hours in 24 hour format (00-23) and
MM is the minutes (00-59).
(DATE)
123
Set Date
The current date may be entered in this item. The date is entered in European
format (DD.MM.YYYY), where DD is the day of the month (01 – 31), MM is the
month of year (01 – 12) and YYYY is the year (1998 – 2098). The 5100 requests
the day and month first, followed by the year.
(QA.OPT) QA Option Setting ⊗
SEL
Enables/disables the Quality Assurance Calibration Due alarm. When
enabled the 5100 will display “QA DUE”, from the day after the date set in the
QA.DATE item below. Available options are:
OFF:
Turn feature off.
ON:
Turn feature on.
Default: OFF
(QA.DATE)
QA Date ⊗
123
The date when the next calibration check is due may be entered in this
item. The date is entered in European format (DD.MM.YYYY), where DD is the day
of the month (01 – 31), MM is the month of year (01 – 12) and YYYY is the year
(1998 – 2098).
Default: 01/01/1999
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
7.10. Special Test Section - (TEST)
Items within this Group allow access to the testing routines for the 5100. With these
routines the scale base output can be monitored, and the optional accessory cards can be
tested.
(SCALE)
Scale Base Test Display
Used to test the scale base for load cell or connection errors. Sets up the 5100 as
a simple test meter to measure the load cell input. Display reads in millivolts per
volt, factory calibrated to 0.1% worst case. In TRADE mode this display is only
active for 5 seconds before returning to the menu.
(HI.RES)
High Resolution Display for Scale Testing
Allows the high resolution (x 10) display mode to be turned ON or OFF. Once
enabled, the 5100 will remain in high resolution mode until switched back to normal
weighing in this step. In safe setup mode the (x10) weight reading is displayed for
5 seconds before returning to the menu. The high resolution can only be changed
permanently in Full Setup.
(FRC.OUT) Force Outputs of Setpoint Card
Forces each of the output drivers of the Setpoint card in turn. All outputs turn OFF
when leaving this step. Serial PLC outputs are NOT activated by this test. The
[EDT] key will advance through each output, whilst pressing the [OK] will turn all
outputs off and exit the test.
(TST.INP) Test Inputs of Setpoint Card
The input test allows each of the inputs from the setpoint or combo card to be
tested. All five external inputs are displayed at the same time. The status of each
input is changed as contact closures are detected. A “-“ indicates an input is not
present, whilst a number (1..5) indicates a particular input is active. For example, “
- - 3- - “ would indicate that input number three is active. Note that inputs one to
four are assigned to the setpoint card, whilst input 5 is assigned to the combo card.
7.11. Factory Adjustment Menu - (FACTRY)
(DEFLT)
Restore Factory Defaults
SEL
Restores the digital setup of the 5100 back to the original “new” settings
installed at the factory. The main use of this routine is to completely reset a
5100 that is being installed on a different scale. Restoring the factory defaults does
not affect the calibration. To reset the calibration to factory condition, the Restore
Factory Calibration (CAL:FAC.CAL) should be used.
(FAC.RST) Factory Reset
Factory access only.
(CONFIG) Software Options
OPT
Use this item to enter software option codes to enable optional features in
the 5100. This is the same as pressing the SET and FUNCTION keys together for
2 seconds to enter the software option codes directly.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
7.12. Leaving Digital Setup - (-END-)
There are a number of methods available to exit Digital Setup and return to normal
operation. The first method is as follows:
1.
Press the [GRP] key repeatedly until the -END- group header appears in the
display.
2.
Press the [OK] button to exit the setup. The 5100 will display “Saving” before
returning to normal operation.
This is the preferred method for exiting all Rinstrum menu systems. Another method to exit
Digital Setup is to press and hold the [SET] key for two seconds. The 5100 will display
“Saving” before returning to normal operation.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
8.
CALIBRATION
The calibration of the 5100 indicator is fully digital. The calibration results are stored in permanent
memory for use each time the unit is powered up.
Some of the digital setup steps can effect calibration. The (BUILD) and (OPTIONS) groups
of the digital setup MUST be configured before calibration is attempted. Most importantly,
the (TYPE) and (SYNC) settings must not be changed after calibration.
To perform a calibration, select the (CAL) Group using [GRP]. Due to restrictions in Trade Use
applications, the Calibration Routines are not available in Safe setup. Calibration can be
accessed only through the Full Setup.
The calibration programme will automatically prevent the 5100 from being calibrated into an
application outside of its specification. If an attempt is made to calibrate the 5100 outside of the
permitted range, an error message will show and the calibration will be abandoned. Refer to
Section 13: Error Messages on Page 73.
The 5100 has a wide-range amplifier. The non-trade calibration range of the instrument extends
well beyond the Trade approved range. It should not be assumed that just because the 5100
has successfully calibrated a scale, that the scale is correct for trade use. Always check
the scale build against the approval specification.
Performing a Digital Calibration with Test Weights
This type of calibration is used for
3500
single range as well as dual range
and dual interval modes of
3000
operation. The Zero setting (CAL:
2500
ZERO) specifies a gross zero
Span Point
point for the scale. The Span
2000
(preferably at full load)
setting (CAL:SPAN) specifies a
1500
second point (preferably close to
fullscale) used to convert the A/D
1000
readings into human readable
500
units (e.g. Kg). Select either of the
Zero Point
Zero (CAL:ZERO) or Span (CAL:
0
SPAN) calibration items. It is
0
2
4
6
8
10
important that an initial Zero
Load Cell Output (m V)
calibration is performed before
any SPAN calibrations. The chart
shown here demonstrates how the 5100 uses the zero and span points to interpolate a
weight reading from the load cell reading.
Weight (Kg)
8.1.
(ZERO)
Zero Calibration Routine
•
•
•
Press the [OK] button to start the zero routine running. The display will show
the current weight. Remove all weight from the scale structure.
Press the [OK] button again to execute a Zero Calibration. The display will
show (Z.IN.P) to indicate that zeroing is in progress. When the process is
complete the display will return to weight to allow the zero to be checked.
Press the [ITM] button to leave the Zeroing routine or [OK] to repeat the
operation.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
(SPAN)
Span Calibration Routine
•
•
•
•
•
8.2.
Press the [OK] button to start the Span setting routine. The display will show
the current weight on the scale.
Add the calibration test mass to the scale. The minimum acceptable span
calibration weight is 2% of the scale range. A weight this small may the limit
calibration accuracy. The closer the test weight is to full range, the better the
accuracy.
Press the [OK] button to show the calibration weight value. Enter the
correct calibration weight using the numeric keys. Use [CLR] to 123
correct any wrong numbers entered.
Press the [OK] button to trigger the Span Calibration routine. The display will
show (S.IN.P) to show that spanning is in progress. When the process is
complete the display will return to weight to allow the new weight reading to
be checked.
When the Span Calibration is complete, press the [ITM] button to leave the
Spanning routine or [OK] to repeat the operation.
Direct mV/V Calibration
This type of calibration is only used when the direct mV/V mode of operation
(BUILD:TYPE) is selected. Press [ITM] to choose the ZERO or SPAN calibration Item.
(ZERO)
Zero Calibration Routine
•
•
•
•
(SPAN)
Press the [OK] button to start the zero routine running. The display will show
the current weight.
Press the [OK] button again to enter the mV/V signal strength reading
for zero load. The mV/V signal for the weight on the scale at this time 123
is used as the default. If there is no load on the scale then use the
mV/V setting as is, otherwise enter the correct mV/V reading for zero weight
by using the numeric keys.
Press the [OK] button to accept this setting as the zero calibration.
Press [ITM] to leave the zeroing routine or [OK] to repeat the operation.
Span Calibration Routine
•
•
•
•
•
Press the [OK] button to start the Span setting routine. The display will show
the current weight on the scale.
Press the [OK] button again to enter the mV/V reading for span.
Use the numeric keys to enter the mV/V reading to equal the
calculated span mV/V for the scale. The span mV/V is the calculated 123
difference in signal between zero weight and fullscale weight on the
scale base.
Press the [OK] button to accept this setting as the span calibration.
Press [ITM] to leave the spanning routine or [OK] to repeat the operation.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Using the Linearisation
This section provides instructions on the use of the linearisation. Linearisation is not
permitted for a scale build (BUILD:TYPE) of Direct mV/V operation. Linearisation is used
to approximate the weight output to a non-linear scale. The chart below shows a nonlinear characteristic for the load cell output. From the chart, it can be seen that the trace
with no linearisation applied is a poor approximation to the real characteristic. By applying
one or more linearisation points, a more realistic approximation can be made.
To perform a linearisation, a
calibration of the zero and span
points must have been performed.
Both the zero and span calibration
points are used in the linearisation
of the scale base. These two
points are assumed to be
accurately set and thus have no
linearisation error. Note that the
linearisation
points
are not
restricted to lie between the zero
and span points. They may also
be placed above the span point,
and below the zero point.
3500
Actua l Lo ad C ell C h ara cte ris tic
N o L in ea ris atio n
L in e aris a tion App lied
3000
S pan P oint
2500
Weight (Kg)
8.3.
2000
1500
1000
500
Linearis ation P oint
Zero Point
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
Loa d Ce ll Output (m V)
A maximum of five linearisation points can be set independently anywhere in the operating
range of the scale. Unused or unwanted points may be also cleared.
(ED.LIN)
•
•
•
•
•
•
Edit Linearisation Points
Press the [OK] button to view the list of linearisation points currently in use.
Press the [SEL] button to step through the list of points. Each point is shown
as ‘LN.PPP’ where N is the point number (1..5), and PPP is the
approximate percentage of full scale where the linearisation is applied. For
example, ‘L1 50‘ indicates that linearisation point one is active and was
entered at about 50% of full scale. Unused linearisation points are shown
with a row of dashes (e.g. ‘L2.---‘).
Press [OK] to change the linearisation point selected or press [ITM] to exit
without making any changes.
After pressing [OK], the current weight reading is displayed. Add the
calibration test mass to the scale. The closer the test mass is to the point of
maximum error in linearity the more effective will be the correction. Press
[OK] to enter a corrected weight value for this point or [ITM] to exit without
making changes.
Use the numeric keys to enter the correct value of the calibration 123
weight being used.
Press the [OK] button to trigger the Linearisation routine. When the process
is complete the display will show the weight to allow the new weight reading
to be checked before returning to the menus. Press [ITM] to leave the routine
or [OK] to repeat the operation.
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(CLR.LIN) Clear Linearisation
•
•
•
•
Press the [OK] button to view the list of linearisation points currently in use.
Press the [SEL] button to step through the list of points. Each point is shown
as ‘LN.PPP’ where N is the point number (1..5), and PPP is the
approximate percentage of full scale where the linearisation is applied. For
example, ‘L1. 50’ designates that linearisation point one is active and was
entered at about 50% of full scale. Unused linearisation points are shown
with a row of dashes (e.g. ‘L2. ---’).
Press [OK] to clear the linearisation point selected or press [ITM] to exit
without making any changes.
Once [OK] has been pressed, the linearisation point will be cleared, and the
display will return to ‘CLR.LIN’.
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9.
The Serial Outputs
The 5100 provides a number of serial output options allowing communications with external
devices such as printers, computers, PLCs or remote displays. Serial output driving is an optional
extra which may be ordered at the time of purchase and enabled at the factory or enabled at a
later date by entering the specific software option code for the instrument. See Section12.5 on
page 72 for more information on the 5100 software options.
Two serial outputs are available, each on a separate DB9 connector socket. For wiring
connections and pinouts, please refer to Section 3.6 (Page 7). The 5100 requires an external
converter to transmit in TTY Current Loop (20mA). Serial Port 1 is bi-directional (in both RS232
and RS422/485). The functions available for serial port 1 include:
• Single and Automatic Weight Output
• Networked Communications
• PLC Output Driving
Serial Port 2 provides RS232 transmission (with DTR handshake) only, and can be configured to
perform the following functions:
• Single and Automatic Weight Output
• Weight Printing
• PLC Output Driving
All printer and serial output options are enabled and configured using the Communications
Options Menu (Serial) in the digital setup procedure. The function of the serial ports is configured
from the Serial group, via items Ser1 and Ser2.
Note that both serial ports share the same baud rate and format. The baud rate and bit settings
can be changed from the Serial group, under the Baud (SERIAL:BAUD) and Bits (SERIAL:BITS)
items, respectively.
Computer communications can range from simple automatic “streamed” output, through to multidrop networked systems. The 5100 can be programmed and calibrated via the network. The setup
counter is incremented when the calibration related steps are accessed via the serial port. This
means that calibration via the serial port cannot be carried out without effecting the certification of
a trade installation.
Printer driving allows for three basic printer outputs along with printer totalising. The format of the
printer ticket may be changed to suit any application by entering special characters into the
custom ticket format definition string. An automatic print mode is available where the 5100
automatically generates printouts at the appropriate time in the weighing process.
9.1.
Single and Automatic Weight Output from the 5100
The automatic output is normally used to drive remote displays, a dedicated computer or
PLC communications. The output generates a simple, configurable weight message at
intervals programmed in the digital setup. The Single and Automatic facilities are available
from both serial ports, however the second port does not offer the same number of
automatic options. The format for both the single and automatic outputs is set by Auto
Output Type (SERIAL:AUT.OPT:TYPE).
Auto Weight Format String
The 5100 Auto Weight String consists of a programmable start character, followed
by a weight format string, followed by two programmable end characters. The
weight format string can be one of five standard strings, or a user programmable
string. In a standard weight format string, the weight reading is selected according
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
to the weight source (SERIAL:AUT.OPT:SRC) setting. In a user programmable
weight format string, the weight source is selected via codes in the string. Weight
format strings have the following format:
START - <Weight Format String> - END1 - END2
Where:
START is the character (SERIAL:AUT.OPT:ST.CHR). Default: ASCII 02.
END1 is the 1st end character (SERIAL:AUT.OPT:END.CH1). Default: ASCII 03.
END2 is the 2nd end character (SERIAL:AUT.OPT:END.CH2). Default: ASCII 00.
Note: START, END1 or END2 characters which have been set to NULL (ASCII 00)
are not transmitted. Another common alternative configuration is START = NULL,
END1 = CR (ASCII 13), END2 = LF (ASCII 10).
Weight Formats A to F
The five standard weight formats are detailed below.
Format
Description
A
Sign WeightA(7) Status
B
Status Sign WeightA(7) Units(3)
C
Sign WeightA(7) S1 S2 S3 S4 Units(3)
D
Sign WeightA(7)
E
Sign WeightB(7) S5 Units(3) Mode(4)
F
Programmable weight format
Where
Sign
is the sign of the weight reading (space for positive, '-' for
negative);
WeightA is a seven character string containing the current weight
including the decimal point. If there is no decimal point, then
the first character is a space. Leading zero blanking applies.
WeightB is a seven character string containing the current weight
including the decimal point. If no decimal point is used a
decimal point follows the 6 digits of weight data. Leading
zeros are shown;
Status
provides information on the weight reading. The characters
G/N/U/O/M/E represent Gross/Net/Underload/Overload/
Motion/Error, respectively.
Units
is a three character string, the first character being a space,
followed by the actual units (E.g. " kg” or “ t”). If the weight
reading is not stable, the units string is sent as “ ”.
S1
displays "G"/"N"/"U"/"O"/"E" representing Gross / Net /
Underload / Overload / Error, respectively;
S2
displays “M”/' ' representing motion/stable, respectively;
S3
displays “Z”/' ' representing center of zero/non-zero,
respectively;
S4
displays ”1”/”2”/“-“ representing range 1/2 in dual-interval
and dual range mode and “-“ otherwise;
S5
displays “ ”/”m”/”c” representing stable/motion/over or under
capacity, respectively;
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Mode
4 characters ‘_g_ _’ or ‘_n_ _‘ for gross or net weight.
Auto Transmit Formatting
The Auto Format (SERIAL:AUT.OPT:AUT.FMT) setting programs the format
transmitted when the Auto Format Type is set to Auto.F. A string of up to 20
characters can be entered. Each ASCII character is either a literal ASCII printed
character like 065 ('A') or a special token character like 202 ( 123.4) which sends
the gross weight. ASCII 0 is used to mark the end of the format string. To send an
ASCII 0, insert an ASCII 128.
Qualifiers are tokens that do not cause any characters to be transmitted but setup
the format of other tokens to follow.
For example, the following format string would transmit the weight reading in a
fixed 7 character field with leading zero suppression and no decimal point:
172 184 188 200
Following is a table of all of the format tokens.
ASCII
170
171
172
173
174
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
ASCII
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
Qualifier Tokens
Token
5 character field
6 character field
7 character field
8 character field
9 character field
No fixed length field for weight data
No sign character sent
Sign character send as ‘ ‘ for positive and ‘-‘ for negative
Sign character send as ‘+‘ for positive and ‘-‘ for negative
Sign character send as ‘0‘ for positive and ‘-‘ for negative
No decimal point sent
DP sent as ‘.’
DP sent as ‘,’
Weight sent with leading zeros, eg 000123
Weight sent without leading zeros eg 123
Weight readings sent regardless of overload or error
status
Weight data blanked on error
Weight data send as ‘---‘ on error
Status characters are upper case
Status characters are lower case
Tokens for weight data transmission
Token
Selected Weight (SRC)
Displayed Weight
Gross Weight
Net Weight
Tare Weight
Total
Displayed String including user prompts etc.
45
Comment
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Comment
9.2.
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Number of Pieces in counting mode
ASCII
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
230
231
Following are tokens for weight status
Token
Comment
Units
‘kg’,’lb’,’ t’,’ g’
G,N,E,O,U,M
Standard Ranger status
G,N,E,O,U
Ranger status without motion
G,N
Gross, Net only
M,’ ‘
Motion or ‘ ‘ for stable
M,S
Motion or stable
‘ ‘, or units
‘ ‘ for motion or weight units
M,C,’ ‘
Motion, over-capacity or valid weight
M,I,O,’ ‘
Motion, invalid, over-capacity, or valid weight
I,O,U
Inscale, overload, underload
Z,’ ‘
Centre of Zero
‘ ‘,1,2
Single range or range/interval 1or2
ST,US,OL
Stable, unstable, overload
GS,NT
Gross, Net
Send time
Hh:mm:ss
Send Date
Dd/mm/yyyy
Networking the 5100
The standard 5100 protocol supports two levels of networking: Basic and Extended. The
Basic level allows for simple weight acquisition by a PLC or computer from a number of
5100s on a simple RS232 or RS422 network. The Extended network language allows for
full control over all functions of the instrument. The section here describes only the Basic
command structure. The Extended structure is described in the Communications manual.
In addition to the standard protocol the 5100 also supports the industry standard MODBUS
ASCII protocol. Details of this protocol may be found in the MODBUS Communications
Manual.
Basic Commands
The 5100 may be configured to respond to commands received via the serial port
from a PLC or PC. The serial setup (SERIAL:SER1) must be configured to NET,
and the network type (SERIAL:NET.OPT:TYPE) set to NET.A. In addition, the
address of the 5100 must be set from the SERIAL:NET.OPT:ADDRESS item.
The command structure for basic networking is:
STX - “K” - (Command) - POLL - ETX
where
“K”
is ASCII upper case letter K (ASCII 75)
POLL
is two digits giving this unit’s network address. E.g. ‘01’ for address 1
Command is a single character from the list below
Nine commands are supported at the basic level of networking. The commands are
as follows:
“z”
Simulate ZERO key operation ('Z' for long press)
“t"
Simulate TARE key operation ('T' for long press)
“g”
Simulate GROSS/NET key operation
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Simulate PRINT key operation
Print to network port (Serial port 1). This triggers the transmission of
the current weight using the format as set in the Auto format type
(SERIAL:AUTO.OPT:TYPE) item.
Simulate PRINT key operation. ('Q' = Print long press)
Simulate FUNCTION key operation. ('F' = Function long press).
“P”
“p”
“q”
“f”
Extended commands are available to trigger the extended remote functions
normally implemented with external keys. The extended commands are:
“r”
Start, (“R” = Start long press)
“a”
Pause (“A” = Abort)
“B”
Batch
“D”
Dump Enable
"M”
Auto/Manual
“S”
Show Total
“C”
Clear Total
“U”
Undo Last Print
“1”
Single Transmit Serial 1
“2”
Single Transmit Serial 2
“H”
Toggle display hold/normal weighing
‘e’
Show Peak weight reading (“E” = clear peak weight reading)
‘l’
Livestock hold/retry (“L” = livestock auto/manual select)
‘o’
Count (“O” = Acquire sample)
RS422/485 Termination Resistors
The termination resistors required by RS422 and RS485 networks are built into the
5100. The resistors are used to terminate the ends of the network to provide a
balanced loading. The termination resistors in the 5100 are enabled the Bits setting
(SERIAL:BITS) of the Digital Setup.
9.3.
Printer Driving
The 5100 supports a range of printing facilities, including:
Batch Printing, Manual Printing, Automatic Printing,
Manual/Automatic Totalising and Printing
Printer Modes
SEL
Printing may be initiated by the user pressing the Print Key. The 5100 may
also be set to autoprinting, which triggers an output when the scale reaches no
motion with a weight above the preset zero dead band. Use the mode item
(SERIAL:PRN.OPT:MODE) to set the printing mode.
Total Ticket Printing
To enable totalising, select “Total” or “A.Total” from the Printer Mode Menu
(SERIAL:PRN.OPT:MODE) (Section 7.5 p26).
Each press of the Print Key causes a single printout of the current weight
which is added to the total weight. Choose the format of these individual
printouts from the Printer TYPE menu. Select NONE if the individual weights
are not to be printed at all. When all of the items have been weighed press
the Print Key for 2 seconds to print and clear the total. See Section 11 on
page 66 for extended totalising functions using external keys or the function
key.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
An example of a total printed ticket is shown below:
000491 01/01/1999 10:35:08
100.2 kg G
000492 01/01/1999 10:35:08
105.7 kg G
000493 01/01/1999 10:35:08
124.9 kg G
REC 05
ITEMS: 3
TOTAL:
330.8 kg
Printer Output Formats
A range
of
printer formats can be selected from the
SERIAL:PRN.OPT:TYPE item. Below are descriptions of the four available
formats.
SEL
No Printout (NONE)
This option disables printing of individual weights in a total. The total weight
however is still printed.
The Single Line Printout (SING)
A single line printout is intended to produce the most compact printout. The
printout is shown in the example below:
000024 02/03/2000 16:27:31
ID
Date
Time
150.0 kg G
Weight
Units Status
Each item is described below:
ID
The ID is a 6 digit sequential counter that is incremented
with every printout up to a maximum of 999999 before
cycling back to 0. This counter is stored in battery backed
memory. It is not directly available for the operator to
change.
Time/Date Current time and date
Weight
The displayed weight
Units
The units of measure set in the scale build
Status
The type of weight reading (Gross/Net)
Double Spaced Printout (DOUB)
A double spaced printout contains the same information as the single line
printout above, however the printout is spread over two lines.
Example:
000026 02/03/2000 16:31:31
150.0 kg G
Full Printed Ticket (TIC)
The Full Printed Ticket produces a full ticket-style printout containing all the
weight parameters and includes the date and time. Provision has been made
for a user configurable two line header at the top of the ticket.
The ticket format can be modified via the ticket format menu
(SERIAL:PRN.OPT:TIC.FMT). The default printed ticket is as shown below.
This is the format used if there is no custom ticket format entered.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
WEIGHT
TICKET
05/10/1999 16:50:12
ID: 000008
REC 05
T:
654 kg
G:
3654 kg
N:
3000 kg
123
Printer Space
It is possible to specify the number of columns and rows of space to leave around
each printout. This allows each printout to be separated from the next by a number
of rows of whitespace and the printouts may be centered on the page. The space
data is entered as cc.rr, where cc is the number of columns and rr is the number of
rows of space.
The printer space can be set from Margin Space
(SERIAL:PRN.OPT:SPACE) menu item.
ABC
Custom Ticket Headers
The 2 lines of 20 characters at the top of the printed ticket can be edited to provide
custom headers including such items as company names and phone numbers.
These can be edited from the Header item (SERIAL:PRN.OUT: HEADER).
Example: The following table shows the coded entry for “JOE’S FRUIT & VEG”.
The ‘J’ would be entered as 1.08.074 for line 1, column 8, ASCII Code 74.
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
1
32
32
32
2
32
32
32
08
09
10
11
12
J
O
E
‘
S
79
69
39
32
32
32
32
74
F
R
U
I
T
70
82
85
73
84
&
32
Custom Ticket Format
38
32
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
83
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
V
E
G
86
69
71
32
32
32
32
32
32
ABC
Up to 50 characters of ticket format information can be entered to define the
exact style of ticket printout. The ticket can be configured from the Ticket Format
item (SERIAL:PRN.OPT:TIC.FMT).
Enter NULL (ASCII 00) as the last character in the string. When the message is
complete use the [OK] key to return to the menus. Each format character can be a
literal ASCII code (e.g. 065 for ‘A’) or a special format character (e.g. 132 for \D for
a time/date field).
The following table shows the available format characters. These same format
characters may be sent in a temporary weight string via the network
communications to define the format of a single printout.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
ASCII
Code
Escape
Sequence
Effect
128
\.
Print a literal NULL character (NULL can’t be entered as 00 as this is used
to identify the end of the format string)
129
\A
Print line 1 of custom header only. No CRLF is printed.
130
\B
Print line 2 of custom header only. No CRLF is printed.
131
\C
Print the number of Columns of SPACE specified by the Printer Space
settings.
132
\D
Print Date Time field : hh:mm:ss dd:mm:yyy
133
\E
Print End of Line : literally prints CRLF (ASCII 013, 010)
134
\F
Same as "\E\C". End of line followed by column space for next line.
135
\G
Print Gross Weight : “weight(7) units(3) G”
136
\H
Print Custom Ticket Header
137
\I
Print ID number
138
\J
Print Reference Number (Not printed if Reference = 0)
139
\K
Current Recipe ID (6 character recipe name)
140
\L
Current Recipe Number
142
\N
Print Net Weight : “weight(7) units(3) N”
143
\O
Print Total Weight : “weight(7) units(3) G”
144
\P
Print number of pieces in counting mode.
146
\R
Print the number of Rows of SPACE specified by the Printer Space
settings.
148
\T
Print TARE weight: “weight(7) units(3) T (or PT if pre-set Tare active)
149
\U
Print units
151
\W
Print displayed weight. “weight(7) units(3) G (or N)
155
\+
Print displayed weight as with \W but add weight to total.
156
\-
Undo last \+ operation.
Example: The following table shows the coded entry for a custom ticket. The
header is the same as the example custom ticket header entered above.
No.
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
Code
\H
I
D
:
\I
\E
\D
\E
ASCII
09
136 073 068 058 137 133 132 133 32
10
32
The printout from this configuration is shown below:
JOE’S
FRUIT & VEG
ID: 000005
01/01/1999 10:25:30
25.5 kg N
50
11
32
12
13
14
15
16
\N
\E
\E End
32 128 133 133 00
Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
The following table shows the ASCII codes for control and printable characters.
Code Char
Code Char
Code Char
Code
Char
Code Char
000
NULL
026
SUB
052
‘4’
078
‘N’
104
‘h’
001
SOH
027
ESC
053
‘5’
079
‘O’
105
‘i’
002
STX
028
FS
054
‘6’
080
‘P’
106
‘j’
003
ETX
029
GS
055
‘7’
081
‘Q’
107
‘k’
004
EOT
030
RS
056
‘8’
082
‘R’
108
‘l’
005
ENQ
031
US
057
‘9’
083
‘S’
109
‘m’
006
ACK
032
‘ ‘ (space)
058
‘:’
084
‘T’
110
‘n’
007
BEL
033
‘!’
059
‘;’
085
‘U’
111
‘o’
008
BS
034
‘”’
060
‘<’
086
‘V’
112
‘p’
009
HT
035
‘#’
061
‘=’
087
‘W’
113
‘q’
010
LF
036
‘$’
062
‘>’
088
‘X’
114
‘r’
011
VT
037
‘%’
063
‘?’
089
‘Y’
115
‘s’
012
FF
038
‘&’
064
‘@’
090
‘Z’
116
‘t’
013
CR
039
‘’’
065
‘A’
091
‘[‘
117
‘u’
014
SO
040
‘(‘
066
‘B’
092
‘\’
118
‘v’
015
SI
041
‘)’
067
‘C’
093
‘]’
119
‘w’
016
DLE
042
‘*’
068
‘D’
094
‘^’
120
‘x’
017
DC1
043
‘+’
069
‘E’
095
‘_’
121
‘y’
018
DC2
044
‘,’
070
‘F’
096
‘`’
122
‘z’
019
DC3
045
‘-‘
071
‘G’
097
‘a’
123
‘{‘
020
DC4
046
‘.’
072
‘H’
098
‘b’
124
‘|’
021
NAK
047
‘/’
073
‘I’
099
‘c’
125
‘}’
022
SYN
048
‘0’
074
‘J’
100
‘d’
126
‘~’
023
ETB
049
‘1’
075
‘K’
101
‘e’
127
DEL
024
CAN
050
‘2’
076
‘L’
102
‘f’
025
EM
051
‘3’
077
‘M’
103
‘g’
Printer Control
Most printers use embedded control characters to specify different fonts, colors
and paper cutting. Consult your printer manual for details of these control
characters. Enter the control characters directly into the printer ticket format string
to create the desired printing effects.
9.4.
PLC Output Driving
The 5100 will drive relay outputs on two low cost PLCs, via either of the serial ports. When
either PLCA or PLCB are selected from the serial options (SERIAL:SER1, SERIAL:SER2),
the serial bit format (SERIAL:BITS) is forced to the required PLC format. For further
information on the PLC outputs refer to Section 10.9 (Page 65).
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
10.
SETPOINTS
The 5100 is capable of working with 25 internal setpoints. The status of the first 6 of these
setpoints is displayed on the LCD. Each setpoint can be configured to perform a particular
function and may be associated with a physical output driver or simply used to keep track of
multiple materials in a manual filling process where only a generic 'Fill' setpoint is connected to a
physical driver. The 5100 can drive 2, 4 or 6 outputs internally depending on which option cards
are fitted. If the 5100 is connected serially to a slave PLC, 6, 14 or 22 outputs can be driven
externally. It is possible to purchase from Rinstrum pre-programmed PLCs which connect directly
to the 5100 and provide these output drivers as well as manual override and emergency stop
functions.
The 5100 stores information for up to 99 different recipes. Each recipe has it's own 6 digit
alphanumeric ID and contains target information for each of the 25 possible setpoints. In-flight
and Tolerance settings are stored globally for each of the setpoints and the same settings are
used for each recipe. Each recipe can also have a preset tare value associated with it to enable
re-filling of partially full vessels (e.g. gas bottles).
The batching process involves the selection of a recipe to batch. The recipe may be found by
searching for its ID. The recipe can be further modified by selecting a batch proportion. This
defaults to 100.0% but may be set from 0.1% to 1000.0%. In this way it is possible to store a
recipe for a standard quantity of product (say 1m3 of concrete) and actually batch multiples of this
recipe. (i.e 300.0% would batch 3m3).
All of the operating parameters for the batching process are available from the front panel, and
may be altered while a batch in running without interfering with the current batch.
10.1. Connection
Refer to Section 12: ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS on page 69 for the method of
connection of the external output drivers.
10.2. Basic Setpoint Operation
In order to use a batching system, it must first be configured from the Digital Setup menus,
under the Setpoints group (SET.PTS). Once the configuration has been performed, all
operator parameters like targets and flight settings are entered from the operator menus
directly without requiring access to the setup menus. See Section 5.3 on page 15 for
information on operator access.
The following sections describe each of the available setpoint settings.
(DEFLT)
Configure using Default Applications
SEL
To aid setting up the 5100 it is possible to pre-configure the setpoints for a
range of standard application defaults. The pre-configured options are not fixed,
they simply fill in the setpoint types (SET.PTS:SET.TYP) automatically. It is then
possible to modify the standard configuration to suit a particular application.
Once the Default option is selected you will be prompted with CLR?. Select 'n' to
leave all other settings unchanged or 'Y' to clear all of the setpoint settings
including material names, general options, usage logs and batch statistics.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Following is a list of the pre-configuration options:
Option
NONE
MT1.SP1
MT1.SP2
MT1.SP3
MT2.SP1
MT2.SP2
MT4.SP1
Description
No setpoints defined
One Material single speed
+ dump
One Material dual speed +
dump
One Material triple speed
+ dump
Two Material single speed
+ dump
Two Material dual speed +
dump
MT10.MAN
Four Material single speed
+ dump
Six Materials single speed
+ dump
Ten Materials single speed
+ dump
Twenty Materials single
speed + dump
10 Material manual feed
MT20.MAN
20 Material manual feed
TOTAL
Single material with dump
+ total material control
MT6.SP1
MT10.SP1
MT20.SP1
(SET.TYP)
Outputs
No outputs.
1: MAT1, 4: DUMP
1: MAT1 slow, 2: MAT1 fast,
4: DUMP
1: MAT1 slow, 2: MAT1 medium,
3: MAT1 fast, 4: DUMP
1: MAT1, 2: MAT2 ,4: DUMP
1: MAT1 slow, 2: MAT1 fast
3: MAT2 slow, 4: MAT2 fast
6: DUMP
1: MAT1 … 4: MAT4,
6: DUMP
1: MAT1…6: MAT6,
7: DUMP
1: MAT1…10: MAT10
11: DUMP
1: MAT1…20: MAT20
21: DUMP
1: Filling, 2: Paused,3: Tolerance
5: MAT1…14: MAT10
1: Filling, 2: Paused, 3: Tolerance
5: MAT1 …24: MAT20
1: TOTAL, 2: MAT1
4: DUMP
Configuring a Setpoint
Setpoints define outputs that are activated when certain conditions are met. The
setpoint type defines the conditions to be met to activate the output. Material and
active setpoints are based on weight, whilst others are used to control sequences
and indicate conditions within the 5100 such as overload.
The operation of material and active weight setpoints is demonstrated in the
diagram below. Also illustrated are the roles of target, flight and tolerance settings.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Weight
Direction = Over
Target Weight
Inflight
Tolerance
A
Target Weight
B
Direction = Under
Time
Active Setpoints: Note the difference between Over and Under directions.
If the Logic is set to ‘High’ the output is turned on at point ‘A‘ and off again at point ‘B’.
If the Logic is set to ‘Low’ the output is turned off at point ‘A’ and on again at point ‘B’.
For 'Over' setpoints the switch point is the target weight minus the inflight. With 'Under'
setpoints the switch point is the target weight plus the inflight. Similar differences apply
to the role of the tolerance setting.
Setpoint Options
OPT
To increase flexibility of the setpointing system, a number of options are
available for each type of setpoint. These options are set using an option entry
item. After selecting the setpoint type, the
NOH- options available for the particular setpoint are
displayed, and can be configured. A description
-none -none
Net
Over High
of all options is given below. Note that not all
Gross
Under Low
Single Jog
The
Prelim
Double inFlight options are available for all setpoints.
Reading
individual setpoint descriptions detail which
Contin
options are available for that setpoint.
Source (Gross, Net, Prelim): Select whether this setpoint uses gross weight,
net weight, is a fast feeder for a preliminary target, or uses displayed weight.
When filling, Preliminary targets use the same weight source as the primary
target. Use prelim for multi-speed filling. Use a Gross Source to switch the
indicator into gross mode at the start of the sequence and fill to a gross
weight target. With the Net Source the indicator performs a Tare operation
(or uses the recipe preset tare if available for the first material) at the start of
a sequence and weighs to a net weight target. The Reading Source does not
alter the weight reading at the start of the sequence and weighs to a target
based on the current displayed reading either gross or net. Use Reading
Source if manual operator intervention (like taring etc) before the batch start
is to be taken into account.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Direction (Over, Under): Choose Over if weight increases towards the
setpoint target, otherwise Under for a reduction in weight toward the setpoint.
Note that an Under setpoint with a net source requires a negative net weight
target to be entered in the operator menus.
Logic Level (High, Low): This option determines the logical sense of the
output. Logic High is the normal operation of the output. Consider the
example of an overload alarm where the output is ON for weights over the
target value and OFF otherwise. This corresponds to Logic High operation.
Logic Low reverses the operation of the output so it would be ON below the
target and OFF above it. Logic selection is only available with the ACTIVE
setpoint type. Other setpoint types have the logic determined automatically.
Alarm (None, Single, Double, Contin): The alarm setting is use to configure
an alarm to activate whilst a setpoint is active. The alarms are in the form of
beeps emitted by the 5100.
Correction (None, Jog, inFlight): The Correction setting enables a number
of automatic corrections to be made at the end of a material fill. The Jog
option enables the automatic jog sequence to bring the weight to target
slowly, for a particular material. Jog times can then be configured for the
material in the Jog menu (SET.PTS:JOGS). Automatic inflight adjustment
makes a correction at the end of a fill based on the difference between the
desired target and the actual weight, so that subsequent batches will be more
accurate.
10.3. Setpoint Types and Options (SET.TYP)
Each of the 25 setpoints is assigned a specific type and a number of
options. Not all options are available with every type. Below is a list of all of
the different setpoint types along with the options available for each. The
alarm option is available for all setpoint types.
SEL
NONE
This is the default setting and disables the setpoint when not in use. These
setpoints may be driven directly via the comms.
ACTIVE
Setpoints of this type are always active regardless of whether a batch is
running or not. Active setpoints are applicable to level control and overload
alarms, etc. The target for an active setpoint can be set from the LIM item(s)
which appear in the Operator Target menu.
The options applicable to active setpoints are as follows:
•
Source
•
Direction
•
Logic Level
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TOTAL
A total setpoint is used to allow the 5100 to run multiple batches in
combination to reach a total batch weight. The individual tip weights are
specified by the material target and the Total batch weight is specified by the
total setpoint target weight. An output associated with the Total setpoint can
be used for a final slow speed feed to finish the overall batch. The inflight
setting of the total setpoint specifies the amount of material filled by this final
feed.
A number of full weight batches are run until the remaining weight to reach
the total is less than twice a normal batch tip. The final two batch tips are
adjusted to meet the total target weight less the final dribble feed if specified.
If jogging is specified for the material filling then the final dribble feed from the
Total Setpoint is jogged not the material tip output as the accuracy of an
individual tip is not important.
The target for a total setpoint can be set from the TOTAL item which appears
in the operator Target menu.
DUMP
This specifies a dump sequence is to be enabled once all material filling is
finished. When active, a dump sequence energises this setpoint until the
weight returns to a value within the zero dead band or negative and there is
no motion, at which point the batching process is finished.
If the source option is set to GROSS the 5100 is returned to Gross mode
during this process, otherwise the 5100 remains unchanged.
FINISH
This setpoint will be energised for the time entered in the FINISH item
(SET.PTS:DELAY:FINISH). This finish pulse is generated after all the
material filling and delay sequences have finished. The FINISH setpoint is
used for external system synchronisation or for dumping in situations where a
dump pulse is required rather than a 'dump to weight' sequence. After the
finish pulse has completed and the output has turned off this sequence waits
for no motion and for the dump gate interlock signal to be energised if used.
If the source option is set to GROSS the 5100 is returned to Gross mode at
the end of the batch, otherwise the 5100 remains unchanged.
FILL
This is a status output that is energised whenever the 5100 is performing a fill
with a material. For manual filling operations this allows many materials to be
controlled without the need to wire up automatic feeders for each one. One
physical output can therefore be used to fill up to 20 materials with manual
intervention for material selection.
TOL
This is a status output that is cleared at the beginning of a batch and is
energised if an 'out of tolerance' condition is detected for any material filling
operation. The tolerances for each material can be set from the Operator
Flight menu.
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RUN
This is a status output that is energised whenever the 5100 is running a
batch. It is off if the batch is paused.
PAUSE
This is a status output that is energised whenever the 5100 is paused. The
output is energised for 0.5 seconds every 5 seconds to allow an external siren
to be connected to warn the operator that the unit is paused.
WAIT
This is a status output that is energised when the 5100 is waiting for a 'dump
enable' signal to continue with the dump process. If this setpoint is enabled,
an input must be configured for ‘dump enable’. Refer to Section 10.6 (Page
62) for information on configuring a ‘dump enable’ input.
ERROR
This is a status output that is normally energised and is turned off when the
5100 detects an operation error like a broken loadcell cable.
MOTION
This is a status output that is energised whenever the 5100 detects motion in
the weight reading.
ZERO
This is a status output that is energised whenever the weight reading is within
the zero dead band. If the 5100 is operating in Trade Mode and the zero
dead band is set to zero then this output follows the 'Centre of Zero'
annunciator.
MAT.1 .. MAT.20
These are the material fill setpoints. There are 20 different materials that a
setpoint may be configured to fill. Each setpoint controls a single output. In
order to implement multiple speed filling of a particular material, configure a
number of setpoints to the same material, and configure all but one as
preliminary setpoints.
The options applicable to material setpoints are as follows:
•
Source
•
Direction
•
Correction
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10.4. General Configuration
(GEN.OPT) General Batching Options
(OPTION)
Batching Options
Batching options are items that affect the entire batching process and are not
specific to a particular setpoint type. The figure below shows the available
options for each of the items in the batching option entry.
nSEdbnormal Single Error delay - none -allfeed
r emain Auto - ignore - none batch# 1Feed
Targets
The following is a description of each of the batching options:
n, r
'n' specifies normal weights are displayed during the
batching process. 'r' forces the display of remaining weight
to target instead. The 'r' setting is particularly useful for
manual filling, as the operator does not need to know the
target weight.
S, A
‘S‘ specifies a single batch resulting from each START key
press. ‘A’ causes an automatic restart at the end of each
batch so that the first press of the START key starts a
continuous batching process. A long press of a Pause or
Batch key can be used to abort the automatic restarting
process.
E, ‘E’ specifies that batching is to be paused whenever
Overload, Underload or Error is detected. ‘-‘ allows the
batching process to continue regardless.
d, ‘d’ enables an additional one second delay at the start of the
filling and dump processes. This allows the operator to
easily see final weights and the results of automatic tare
operations, etc. Set to ‘-‘ to remove the delay and hence
increase batching speed.
-,b,t
‘t’ specifies that the current batch number and material
targets be shown at the start of each batch. 'b' displays the
current batch number etc only. Set to ‘-‘ to prevent this
display and increase batching speed.
-, F
This setting specifies the type of feeder control. ‘F’ only
allows one feeder at a time to be active for a particular
material, whilst ‘-‘ allows all the feeders for a material to be
active at the same time.
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(FLT.ADJ)
In-flight Adjustment
The in-flight adjustment sets the percentage of filling error that may be used
to correct the in-flight value. This can be set from 0% to 100%. Larger values
of adjustment rapidly remove any errors but make the system more
susceptible to overshoot and hunting.
To further limit the effect of any one batch, in-flight values cannot be adjusted
by any more than 50% of its' current value, regardless of the size of the error.
The following example demonstrates the operation of automatic in-flight
adjustment:
Given the following settings:
Target = 100kg, In-flight = 10 kg, In-flight adjustment = 25%
Suppose product filling finishes with a final weight of 96kg giving an error of 4 kg. The 25% in-flight adjustment gives an adjustment of -1 kg, which brings
the in-flight value to 9 kg.
This setting effects only material setpoints that have their correction option
configured for automatic in-flight adjustment.
(TOL) Tolerance Setting
At the end of a filling sequence the final weight is compared to the original
target weight. If the filling error is too great, the batch is marked as out of
tolerance. The tolerance setting specifies an action to be taken in this
situation. Options for this setting are:
NONE:
No response other than setting the 'out-of-tolerance'
condition for the batch.
BEEP:
Sounds buzzer and continues
PAUSE: Pause operation
(AUT.CLR)
Automatic Clear Options
With this option it is possible to automatically clear certain settings back to
defaults at the end of the batch. Options are:
NONE: No automatic clearing.
PROP: Set proportion back to 100%.
REC.1: Clear all target settings for Recipe 1.
(PROP.PC)
Proportion Percentage
If set to ON this option specifies that proportions are entered as percentages with
100% being the nominated target weights. If OFF proportions are entered as a
direct ratio (eg 3.0 being 3 times nominal target settings).
(LABEL)
Labels
A six character label is available for each of the 20 materials. This label is used to
identify the material on printouts and display. The names default to 'MAT 1' to
'MAT 20' but may be changed to any alphanumeric string. The labels list
(SET.PTS:LABEL) only shows the materials selected in the setpoint types
(SET.PTS:SET.TYP). Thus, if your system only uses two materials then only the
labels for these two are available to edit.
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(DELAY)
Delay Settings
A number of delay settings are available to control the speed of the batching
process. These delays allow for material settling and make it easier to follow the
operation of the batching process. The different delay types are described below:
(DELAY1..DLY20) Delays 1..20
Each of the materials selected in the setpoint type item (SET.PTS:SET.TYP) has
an adjustable delay setting which controls the time delay at the end of the filling
process. The time delay may be set from 0.1 to 20.0 seconds. It is also possible to
set the delay to 0.0 seconds which forces the program to pause and wait for the
operator to resume the rest of the batch. Delay settings are only available for
material setpoints that have been defined.
(FINISH)
Finish Delay
Setpoints defined as a ‘Finish’ activity are energised for the amount of time
specified by this setting. The finish delay may be set from 0.0 to 20.0 seconds.
These outputs may be used to trigger external processes, alarms or as a direct
dump process instead of using usual the ‘dump to weight’ process. The finish
delay setting is only available if a finish setpoint has been defined in the setpoint
type item (SET.PTS:SET.TYP).
(JOG) Auto Jogging
Materials that do not flow smoothly are difficult to control accurately using auto inflight adjustments. With automatic jogging, the material is filled to the target less
the in-flight weight and the final target is reached through a series of 'jogs'. The
material setpoint output of the 5100 is energised for a set amount of time and is
held off for a set amount of time. A number of jog operations are performed in a set
before the weight is allowed to stabilise. This process is repeated until the target
weight is reached. To enable jogging for a particular material, the correction must
be set to ‘jogging’ from the setpoint type (SET.PTS:SET.TYP) menu and the
amount of material to be jogged must be set via the inflight weight.
(JOG1..JOG20)
Jogs 1..20
Each of the material setpoints has a jog on-time associated with it. This time
delay is set in 0.1 second increments and specifies how long the output is
energised during each jog.
(JOG.OFF)
Jog Off time
This specifies the amount of time the output is off between each jog in a set.
(JOG.SET)
Number of Jogs per Set
This specifies the number of jogs that are performed before the instrument
waits for the weight reading to settle.
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10.5. Operator Parameters
The operating parameters for batching control are not available directly through the
setup menus. Use the SET key to access the operator menus when not in the
setup menus. See Section 5.3 on page 15 for information on how to use the
operator menus.
Targets
This is the target weight value. The 5100 calculates a trip point based on the
values of target, flight and the direction of operation. For increasing weights
(Over) the trip point is the target value minus the flight compensation. For
decreasing weights (Under) the trip point is the target value plus the flight
compensation.
Targets may be entered as positive or negative values. Usually when
weighing out of a hopper the targets are set as negative net weights.
Flights
Preliminary Targets: For applications using multiple speed feeders it is
convenient to specify the target values for the fast feeders in terms of the
'weight before target' instead of the absolute target weight. For example, to
fill 1000 kg with 800 kg of fast fill, specify the target weight as 1000 kg and
the preliminary weight as 200 kg. This then allows the final target to be
changed without the need to change the interim targets.
In-flight: In-flight compensation is used in weigh-batching installations to
force the feeders to shut off early to allow for the amount of material still in
flight between the feeder gate and the surface of material already in the
weigh-bin. This value is initially set by the operator.
It is possible to have the in-flight settings automatically updated at the end of
each batch to track out any errors.
In addition the 5100 can be configured to automatically jog the weight up to
target. The amount of weight left to be jogged is specified by the in-flight
setting.
Tolerance/Hysteresis: The tolerance/hysteresis value forces a preset margin
in the trip point. This stops the output from ‘chattering’ due to minor weight
fluctuations at the trip point value. For increasing weights (Over) the
hysteresis is used below the trip point and for decreasing weights (Under) it is
used above the trip point.
This same value is used at the end of a fill sequence to check if the final
weight is close enough to target.
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10.6. Function Key, External Keys and Interlock
To control the batching process it is necessary to configure either the function key or
some of the external inputs available on the setpoint card to the following functions:
Start: This is used to start the batching process or restart it if paused.
Pause/Abort: This key will pause the batching process. A long press of the key
will abort the batch completely. To re-start press the start key.
Batch: Use this function to combine the start/pause/abort functions into a single
key. A single press will start the batch or pause a running batch. A long press will
abort the batch.
Interlock: An interlock input is used to indicate that the dump gate is closed and it
is safe to start filling product. If during the filling process, the interlock signal is lost
the batching process is paused and the filling is stopped. Obviously this signal is
ignored during the dump process. Do not allocate any of the inputs to this function
if you do not wish to use interlocking.
Dump Enable: The dumping process is delayed until a dump enable signal is
detected. This signal may be detected anytime after the batch has started. This is
used to signal to the batching process that it is ok to proceed with the dumping
process as conditions downstream are prepared to accept the product. If no inputs
are assigned to this function it is assumed that the dumping process is cleared to
proceed at all times.
Manual: This key toggles between manual and automatic filling. With manual
filling 'MAN' is displayed on the auxiliary display instead of the current recipe and
the filling process is controlled by the JOG key instead of the target weight
settings. This enables a complete batch to be run manually with full printing and
material logging without the need to enter target values for the materials. At the
end of each material press the BATCH or START keys to move onto the next
material or dump sequence etc.
Jog: In manual operation the JOG key is used to control material filling. Press
the JOG key to fill material and press the BATCH or START keys to move on to the
next material.
Manual Dump: A Manual Dump function works in conjunction with dump setpoints
to modify the normal automatic dumping function. If used the Manual Dump
function causes the dump sequence to pause and wait for the Manual Dump input
to be activated before proceeding with the dump.
In addition the Manual Dump input causes the dump outputs to be activated if there
is no batch running. This allows an operator to manually open dump gates etc
before starting a batch.
Recipe Selection R.SEL1 .. R.SEL4: Recipe Selection inputs override the normal
keypad or communications selection of the current recipe. When used these
inputs directly set the current recipe and can be used with simple toggle switches,
BCD or HEX thumbwheels, rotary switches or PLC outputs. Multiple 5100 units
can all be switched to the same recipe by connecting the R.SEL inputs of all units
to the same selector switches.
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The R.SEL inputs work in a simple binary fashion according to the following table.
It is not necessary to use all 4 inputs if fewer than 16 recipes are needed. R.SEL1
allows for 2 recipes, RSEL1&2 allows for 4, RSEL1..3 allows for 8 and RSEL1..4
allows for 16. When all RSEL inputs are off the recipe can be set using the front
keypad or serial interface.
R.SEL4
R.SEL3
R.SEL2
R.SEL1
Recipe Selection
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Keypad Selection
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
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10.7. Setpoint Messages
A number of messages are used throughout the batching process. These messages are
listed below:
READY: This is displayed every 5 seconds at the end of the batch to indicate that
the batch is finished and the instrument is waiting for another batch to be started.
DUMP: This is displayed if the dump process is ready to begin but a Dump Enable
signal has not been received yet.
PAUSE OPER: This is displayed every 5 seconds to indicate that the batch has
been paused by the operator.
PAUSE OL, PAUSE UL, PAUSE ER: This message indicates that the batch has
been paused due to overload (OL), underload (UL) or Error (ER) detection.
PAUSE TOL: This message indicates that the batch has been paused because the
filling error in the last material filled is outside tolerance.
PAUSE I.LOC: This message indicates that the batch is paused due to the loss of
the interlock signal during the filling of a material.
PAUSE PROG: This message indicates that the batch is paused due to a
programmed pause step enabled by entering 0.0 seconds for a material delay.
NO TARGET: This message indicates that the batch has not started due to the fact
that there are no target weights entered for this recipe.
10.8.
Setpoint Printing
When the 5100 is operating as a batching controller there are there are 5 different printing
formats to choose from:
NONE: No printing is done during the batch process at all. Use this option if you
only want to produce batch statistics and material log reports.
SINGLE/DOUBLE: 80 column printing with a single header for each 20 lines of
batch printout. Up to 4 materials (including batch total) may be printed per line.
SINGLE mode tries to fit as many materials as possible per line by not printing
target information if more than 2 materials are being used. Double prints material
name, target and weight information with 2 materials per line.
TICKET: 40 column ticket printout with header information printed with every
batch. Use this mode to a print batch docket per batch. One material is printed per
line.
CUSTOM: This mode suppresses all fixed format printing during a batch. The
custom ticket format string is used o define a single printout that is triggered
directly before the end of a batch (just before the dump sequence). This allows
complete control over the ticket appearance but only the total weight on the scale
at the end of the batch is available.
With SINGLE/DOUBLE and TICKET the custom ticket format string is used at the end of a
printing sequence (usually 20 lines or whenever recipes are changed etc) to allow printer
control characters to be entered for paper cutting etc.
With all modes it is possible to force a printer form feed whenever a header is printed. To
do this set the SPACE ROWS to 10. A setting of 1..9 inserts 1..9 lines of space before the
header and a setting of 10 forces a form feed.
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Batch printouts contain target and actual weight information. So if you are filling to a target
of 100kg net followed by a topup to 150kg reading, the printout will reflect the 100kg and
150kg targets but the batch target will correctly recognise the true batch total and target of
150kg. The material log and batch statistics will note the actual amounts of material filled
(eg 100kg of material 1 and 50kg of material 2) not the target weights achieved.
To setup for setpoint printing set the SER2 item to ‘Print’ and set the MODE item in the
Prn.OPT subgroup to ‘MANUAL’. Automatic printing generates printouts of the current
weight whenever the weight reading settles and is not recommended for use with
setpointing. Information is printed at the start of the batch, and at the end of filling for each
product.
It is also possible to set SERIAL 2 up for other funcitons and still retain printing capabilities.
All printouts are buffered in an internal 1kbyte buffer which is accessible using the PRT?1
query from RangerNet. In this way, with a PC or PLC comms link to Serial 1 the printed
information normally sent to a printer on Serial 2 can be requested from Serial 1.
BATCH STATISTICS and MATERIAL LOG
Press and hold the '1' or '2' keys for 2 seconds to enter the stats or log display.
Continue to press '1', '2' SEL etc to view batch statistics and material log. A single
press of the Print key prints all batch information or all log information in a single
table. Press and hold the print key to print and clear. You will be prompted to
make sure you want to clear and the 5100 will display 'PRINT' while waiting for the
printer to ensure the printout is successful before clearing any information. If the
printout is not successful the data will not be cleared.
10.9. PLC Output Module
The 5100 offers direct support for two low cost PLCs. These are intended to be
used as extended output modules. The 5100 communicates directly with the PLC
via its onboard programming port. The PLCs are supplied from Rinstrum
preloaded with safety interlock and manual override logic installed. These ladder
logic programs are freely available and may be altered to suit specific applications
if desired.
To use a PLC it is necessary to select PLCA or PLCB from the SER1 or SER2
items. It is also necessary to set the baud rate and bits settings to match the PLC.
For information on how to install the PLC consult the Rinstrum Installation manual
for the PLC itself.
PLCA is a Mitsubishi PLC with 16 inputs and 14 outputs. The PLC is controlled
via a serial cable connected to either SER1 or SER2 of the 5100. The Baud rate
is 9600 and the bits setting is E71 (Even Parity, 7 data bits, 1 stop bit).
PLCB is a NaiS FOP PLC with 8,16 or 24 inputs and 6,14 or 22 outputs depending
on which expansion modules are used. The baud rate is 9600 and the bits setting
is O81 (Odd Parity, 8 data bits and 1 stop bit). This is the preferred brand of PLC
for this application and is the one that Rinstrum is intending to stock and support
long term.
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11.
Extended Functions
11.1. Introduction
The 5100 has up to five independent remote input functions that may be triggered by
external keys connected to the optional accessory cards. In addition there is a single
general purpose function key on the front panel of the 5100. The function of each of these
keys may can be configured to any of the options detailed below. See Section 7.5 Special
Settings Menu - (SPEC) on page 26 for details on how to configure the function key and
remote input functions. Not all remote functions are available on the front panel function
key. Functions that are only suitable for remote inputs are marked with ® below.
11.2. Extended Function Details
® Front Panel Keys (ZERO,TARE,GR.NET,PRINT)
The function of each of the front panel keys may be implemented with the remote
keys.
® Blanking (BLANK)
This function allocates the selected input as a blanking input. When active this
input causes the front display to be blanked to “------“ and blocks the operation of
the front keys. This function is intended for use with tilt sensors on mobile
weighing platforms to block operation of the weight indicator if the scale is not
level.
® Locking (LOCK)
This function allocates the selected input as a locking input. When active all keys,
including the remote keys are blocked. This may be used with a keylock switch to
lock the instrument when not in use.
Totalising (SHOW.T, ®CLR.TOT, ®M-)
When Total Printing is enabled, the Print key is used not only to print the current
weight but to add that weight to the current total. The 5100 displays “count”
followed by the number of items in the total. After this “total” is displayed followed
by the current total weight. If the total weight is too large to display in 6 digits, it is
shown in two sections labeled as “TOT.HI” for the upper 6 digits and “TOT.LO” for
the lower 6 digits. A long press of the Print key causes the total accumulated
weight to be printed and then cleared.
Three other functions are available remotely. These are Show Current Total
(‘SHOW.T’), Clear Total (‘CLR.TOT’) and undo last print (‘M-’). Show Current Total
forces the indicator to display the number of items in the total followed by the
current total weight. There is no printout. Clear Total prints the current total and
clears it. Undo Last subtracts the last item added to the current total and prints
“Last Entry Canceled”. The Clear Total and M- functions are also implemented on
the front keyboard.
Extended Setpointing Batch Control
See Section 10.6 on page 62 for information on the extended batching control
functions.
®Single Serial Transmission (SING.1, SING.2)
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These functions implement a single transmission of weight data from either of the
serial ports. Use ‘Auto.1’ to specify serial port 1 and ‘Auto.2’ for serial port 2. To
use this feature it is also necessary to configure the respective serial port for
SINGLE operation. See Section 7.5 on page 26 for details.
Each time a single serial key is pressed the unit transmits one weight message
from the serial port. The format of the message is setup in the AUT.OPT menus
and is exactly the same format as for an equivalent automatic transmission
message.
The single serial transmission functions are a convenient way to implement simple
PLC communications and logging without the complexity of setting up two way
communications on the serial ports.
Hold Functions (Hold,Peak.H)
‘Hold’ implements a manual hold function and 'Peak.H' implements a Peak hold
function. The HOLD annunciator is lit to indicate that the displayed weight is a held
weight and not the current weight.
Press the manual hold key once to hold the current displayed weight. Press the
manual hold key again to return the display to normal weighing.
Press the peak hold key once to show the absolute peak weight reading. Press the
peak hold key again to return the display to normal weighing. A long press of the
peak hold key clears the peak value back to 0. The largest absolute weight (either
positive or negative) is stored in the peak value.
All printouts that print the displayed weight will use the held weight reading if it is
currently begin displayed. The single and double line printouts use displayed
weight but, the standard ticket format prints gross, net and tare weights regardless
of the displayed weight. Use the \w format character to specify displayed weight
when using formatted ticket printing.
Live Weight (LIVE.WT)
Use this key to enable 'liveweight averaging'. With this feature it is possible to
determine the weight of a continually moving mass. Press and hold this key to
switch between normal weighing and 'liveweight' mode.
During normal weighing this key operates exactly like a manual hold key.
In 'liveweight' mode use this key to force a resample of the weight. While the
weight is being sampled the 5100 displays '------'. Once a weight has been
determined the 5100 beeps to indicate how reliable the reading is. A single beep
indicates that the sample is too unreliable and has been discarded. A double beep
indicates that the sample is reliable but is made up of a long term average of
readings. A triple beep indicates that the sample was taken as a result of no
motion and is very reliable.
Counting (COUNT)
Use this key to implement parts counting. Press the count key to switch between
weight display and counts display. The units annunciator shows 'p' for pieces.
Press and hold this key to enter the sample quantity. Press again to measure the
weight of the sample. At this point it is possible to enter the sample weight directly
using the numeric keys or use the weight of the current sample as the sample
weight.
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Sample weights and quantities are stored separately for each of the 99 recipes.
Use these 99 recipes to store names (using the recipe ID) and sample information
for up to 99 different products.
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12.
ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS
12.1. Introduction
The 5100 can be expanded by the installation of optional accessory cards. Three different
cards are available: the analogue output card, the setpoint card and the combo card.
12.2. Installing Option Cards
Isolate the 5100 from the power before attempting to install an accessory card. Avoid
excess handling of the accessory card as each card contains static sensitive devices. Hold
the card by the edges or mounting plate as much as possible.
Each option card is installed into a slot in the back panel of the 5100. The slot is accessed
by removing the cover plate at the top left. The connector lead is attached to the inside of
this plate. Separate the lead from the plate taking care not to lose the lead inside the 5100.
Discard the plate, but retain the two mounting screws. Clean any remnants of tape from
the lead connector.
Plug the lead connector onto the four pin socket on the accessory card. The connector
only fits one way round.
Slide the card into the slot in the back of the 5100, cable end first, until the mounting plate
is fitted against the back plate. Re-install the two retaining screws.
VERY IMPORTANT
The EMC resistance of the accessory card depends on a sound electrical connection
between the support plate and the case of the 5100. Make sure that this connection is as
sound as possible when refitting the two retaining screws.
12.3. The Setpoint Card
The standard 5100 displays the results of checkweigh or setpoint function on the front
panel annunciator LEDs only. These signals can be used to drive external devices by
installing an output driver card. The card carries four independent opto isolated opencollector transistor drivers. These can be used to operate external devices such as relays,
signal lamps or PLC inputs. The card also has four opto-isolated remote inputs. The
function of each input can be selected. See Section 11 Extended Functions on page 66.
The Output Drivers
suppresser
LOAD
DB15
1
3
+ POWER
12 - 28
- VOLTS DC
The output stage does not contain a power source and must be powered
externally. The external supply should be from 12 to 28 volts DC and the maximum
load current must be less than 0.5A .
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
The circuit diagram above shows a typical connection for one of the outputs. Each
driver is protected against electrical noise, but it is strongly recommended that
spark suppressors are fitted across any inductive loads such as relay and solenoid
coils.
The Remote Inputs
Each input is opto-isolated, and requires a voltage input of between 5 & 28 volts
DC to trigger. The following diagram shows a typical input circuit.
DB15
14
SWITCH
6
+
POWER
5 - 28
- VOLTS DC
The following table shows the connections for the I/O card.
Pin
No.
1
9
2
10
3
Function
Description
Connect To
OUT 1
OUT 2
OUT 3
OUT 4
OUTCOM
Output 1
Output 2
Output 3
Output 4
Output Common
Load 1
Load 2
Load 3
Load 4
Output Supply Negative
6
14
7
15
8
SHELL
INCOM
IN 1
IN 2
IN 3
IN 4
CH.GND
Input Common
Remote Function 1
Remote Function 2
Remote Function 3
Remote Function 4
Chassis Ground
Input Supply Negative
Contacts 1
Contacts 2
Contacts 3
Contacts 4
Cable Shield
12.4. The ‘Combo’ Card
This card provides either a -10 to 10 Volt analogue output or a 4 to 20 mA analogue output.
In addition it also provides two outputs and 1 input as per the setpoint card. The outputs
are isolated from the input and the analogue outputs. For more information on the
connection of the outputs and input see details on the setpoint card above.
The current loop driver is active and supplies the source of power for the loop. The
maximum circuit impedance must not exceed 500 ohms. The range of output is extended
to include 0 .. 24mA which allows for readings outside 0 .. fullscale to be detected.
The Voltage output can drive into loads down to 2,000 ohms. The voltage output can be
used with negative as well as positive weights with 0V representing zero weight and 10 V
representing fullscale weight.
Shielded cable should be used for connecting the analogue outputs to external devices.
With the Combo-card either voltage or current output must be selected. It is not possible to
drive both simultaneously. Fine adjustment of the analogue output is possible using the
Cal.Lo and Cal.Hi options in the analogue menu.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
The following table shows the connections for the Multi card.
Pin No.
1
9
3
Function
OUT 5
OUT 6
OUTCOM
Description
Output 5
Output 6
Output Common
Connect To
Load 5
Load 6
Output Supply Negative
6
14
INCOM
IN 5
Input Common
Remote Function 5
Input Supply Negative
Contacts 5
4
5
12
13
V (+)
I (+)
V(-)
I (-)
Voltage Output Positive
Current Loop Output
Voltage Output Negative
Current Loop Return
Minimum load 2000 ohms
Maximum load 500 ohms
CH.GND
Chassis Ground
Cable Shield
SHELL
Fine Adjustment of Analogue Outputs
The analogue outputs from either the combo card or Analogue Output card are factory
calibrated and can be used directly as shipped. However in some applications it is
necessary to fine tune the output to achieve maximum performance.
From the (AnALOG) group select the (CAL.Lo) and (CAL.Hi) items to calibrate the low(0V
or 4mA) and high outputs(10V or 20mA) respectively.
Calibrate the low output first followed by the high output. Use the (Frc.Anl) item to force
the output Lo and Hi as a final check.
The fine adjustment procedure is carried out as follows:
• Use an external instrument to measure the analogue output.
• Select (CAL.Lo) or (CAL.Hi) from the (AnALOG) group by pressing [SELECT ITEM].
• Press the [SELECT CHANGE] key to start the fine adjustment and switch between “uP”
and “dn” to either increase or decrease the analogue output.
• Press the [CHANGE] key to make the adjustment. The analogue output is increased
(“up”) or decreased (“dn”) every time the [CHANGE] key is pressed. For large changes
hold the [CHANGE] key down and it will repeat at about 10 times per second.
• Press the [SELECT ITEM] key to save the changes and return to the menu.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
12.5. Software Options
Serial Communications, Setpoint Batching, Extended Setpoint Batching and Modbus
Network Support are optional extras with the 5100. The standard unit does not have these
options enabled. To enable any of these options it is necessary to purchase a software
option code which may be entered into the instrument by the factory at the time of
purchase or it may be entered via the setup menus at any time thereafter.
In this way the 5100 can be purchased at very competitive prices without paying for options
that are not needed and if at a later date the options are required, the upgrade can be
made on site without the need to return the unit to the factory.
The software option codes are unique to each instrument. To purchase a software option
code for an existing instrument the serial number (see sticker on rear of the instrument)
must be obtained.
When the 5100 is first turned on the software options installed are displayed following
"CONFIG".
Following is the procedure to enter a software option code into the 5100:
Enter the SET & Function keys together for 2 seconds.
The current licensing options available are displayed and you will be prompted to enter
the 6 digit Software option code.
Use the numeric keys to enter the code.
Press <OK> when done.
Continue entering all of the codes that you have and then press <OK> again to exit.
Software Option
Serial
Communications
Intelligent
Setpointing
Modbus
Communications
Extended
Setpointing
Display
at start
"Serial"
Features
"Setpnt"
Full batching capabilities for up to 6 materials.
Needed to enable the use of Ser1 or Ser2 for
printing, remote display driving, networking etc.
"Modbus" Enables the use of the Modbus ASCII network
protocol. Requires the Serial Communications
option as well.
"Full.SP" Extends batching capabilities to enable up to
20 different materials along with the Total
Setpoint batching option. This option requires
the Intelligent Setpointing Option as well.
This option is also required along with the
Serial Communications option to drive the PLC
based output modules.
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
13.
Error Messages
A number of error messages may be displayed to warn of operation outside of acceptable
limits. These messages are given below. Short messages (xxxxx) will appear as a single
message on the display. Longer messages (xxxxx)(yyyyy) will appear on the display in two
parts, first the (xxxxx) part, then the (yyyyy) part.
13.1. WEIGHING ERRORS
These messages show status messages or errors that have occurred during the normal
weighing operation.
(U-----)
The weight is below the minimum allowable weight reading.
(O-----)
The weight is above the maximum allowable weight reading.
Warning - overloading may damage mechanical scale elements.
(Check the condition of loadcell connections. Check for damaged
load cell.)
(ZERO) (ERROR)
The weight reading is beyond the limit set for Zero operation. The
operation of the ZERO button is limited in the setup during
installation. Zero cannot be done at this weight. (Use TARE
instead.)
(STABLE)(ERROR) Scale motion has prevented a Zero, Tare or Print operation from
occurring on command. (Try the operation again once the scale
is stable.)
(PRINT) (ERROR)
A printer problem has prevented the printout from being
completed. (Look for loss of printer power, no paper or cable
fault.)
(QA)(DUE)
The “calibration due” date has been set and the current date
exceeds this limit. Press any key to clear the warning for 1 hour.
To clear the warning permanently, recalibrate the instrument and
set a new ‘calibration due’ date. See Section 7.9 p 36.
13.2. SETUP ERRORS
These messages warn of setup entries that are not acceptable to the 5100 programme.
(RES) (LO)
The scale build is configured for less than 100 graduations.
(Check the resolution (count-by) and Capacity settings)
(RES) (HIGH)
The scale build is configured for more than 100,000 graduations.
(Check the resolution (count-by) and Capacity settings)
13.3. CALIBRATION ERRORS
These messages warn of incorrect calibration technique, or of attempts to calibrate the
5100 beyond it’s specification.
(ZERO) (HI)
The load cell output is beyond allowable zero calibration range.
(Check for incorrect scale connection. Reduce the dead load, or
shunt the load cells.)
(ZERO) (LO)
The load cell output is below allowable zero calibration range.
(Check for incorrect scale connection. Increase the dead load, or
shunt the load cells.)
(SPAN) (LO)
The load cell signal range (span) is too small for these settings.
(Incorrect span weight entered. Scale wiring incorrect. Wrong
load cell capacity [too large]. Wrong or no calibration weight
added to scale.)
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
(SPAN) (HI)
(NO) (ZERO)
The load cell signal range (span) is too large for these settings.
(Incorrect span weight entered. Scale wiring incorrect. Load cell
capacity too small for application.)
There is no valid zero calibration so the span calibration cannot
proceed.
13.4. DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS
The 5100 continually monitors the condition of the internal circuits. Any faults or out-oftolerance conditions are shown on the display as an E type error message. In the table
below the following terms are used:
• (check) = this item can be checked on site by service personnel
• (service) = the 5100 must be returned for factory service
(E 0001)
(E 0002)
(E 0004)
(E 0008)
(E 0010)
(E 0020)
(E 0040)
(E 0080)
(E 00C0)
(E 0100)
(E 0200)
(E 0300)
(E 0400)
(E 0800)
(E 2000)
(E 4000)
(E 8000)
The power supply voltage is too low.
(check supply)
The power supply voltage is too high.
(check scale / cables)
The load cell excitation voltage is too low.
(check scale/supply)
The load cell excitation voltage is too high.
(check scale/supply)
The temperature is outside of allowable limits.
(check location)
Scale build is incorrect. The number of graduations has been set < 100 or
greater than 100000.
(fix up scale build)
The positive sense line is not connected.
(check connection)
The negative sense line is not connected.
(check connection)
Neither sense line is connected
(check connection)
The digital setup information has been lost.
(re-enter setup)
The calibration information has been lost.
(re-calibrate)
All setup information has been lost
(enter setup and calibrate)
The factory information has been lost. (service)
The EEPROM memory storage chip has failed (service)
The Clock Calendar chip has failed (service)
The battery backed RAM has lost data.
The EPROM memory storage chip has failed (service)
The “E” type error messages are additive. For example if a condition is detected where the
power supply voltage is low, resulting in a reduction of excitation voltage, the resulting
Error messages will be E 0005 (0001 + 0004). The numbers add in hexadecimal as
follows:1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-A-B-C-D-E-F
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(For example, 2 + 4 = 6, or 4 + 8 = C)
Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
14.
(BUILD)
(TYPE)
(DP)
(CAP 1)
(E1)
(CAP 2)
(E2)
(UNITS)
SETUP MENU QUICK REFERENCE
SCALE BUILD
Display Type
Decimal Point Position
Max1 capacity (lower range)
Resolution (lower range)
Max2 Capacity (upper range)
Resolution of upper range
Units of Measure
Sect 7.2 p 22
(OPTION)
SCALE OPTIONS
(USE)
Scale Use
(FILTER)
Reading average
(JITTER)
Anti jitter weight stabilization
(MOTION)
Motion Detection
(AUTO.Z)
Auto-Zero on Startup
(Z.TRAC)
Zero Tracking sensitivity
(Z.RANGE)
Allowable Zero Operating Range
(Z.BAND)
Zero Dead Band
Sect 7.3 p 23
(CAL)
SCALE CALIBRATION
(ZERO)
Zero calibration
(SPAN)
Span calibration
(ED.LIN)
Edit Linearisation points
(Clr.LIN)
Clear Linearisation points
(FAC.CAL)
Restore Factory Default Calibration
Sect 7.4 p 26
(SPEC)
SPECIAL SETTINGS MENU
(PASSCD)
Passcodes and operator access
(BUTTON)
Locks or unlocks operating buttons
(FUNCTION)
Function Key and remote key setup
(ID.TYPE)
Recipe Id type
(B.LIGHT)
Backlight options
(AUX.DSP)
Auxiliary display options
(SyNC)
A/D synchronization frequency
Sect 7.5 p 26
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
(SERIAL)
COMMUNICATIONS OPTIONS
(SER.1)
Serial Output 1
(SeR.2)
Serial Output 2
(NET.OPt)
Network Options
(AUTO.OPT)
Automatic Output Options
(PRN.OPT)
Printing Options
(BAUD)
Baud Rate
(BITS)
Bitmap pattern, Termination etc
Sect 7.6 p 28
(SeT.PTS)
SET POINTS
(PRE.CON)
Preconfigure
(LABELS)
Material Names
(SET.TYP)
Setpoint Type
(SET.OPT)
Setpoint Options
(GEN.OPT)
General Batching Options
(DELAY)
Batching delays
(JOG)
Jogging Options
Sect 7.7 p 33
(ANALOG)
ANALOGUE SETTING
(SRC)
Select source (Gross, Net etc)
(Type)
Select Output Type (Volt or Current)
(CAL.Lo)
Fine Calibration of Low Output
(CAL.Hi)
Fine Calibration of High Output
(Frc.Anl)
Force Analogue Output for test
Sect 7.8 p 35
(CLOC)
CLOCK SETTING
(TIME)
Time set
(DATE)
Date set
(QA.OPT)
“QA Due” Option
(QA.DATE)
“QA Due” Date
Sect 7.9 p 36
(TEST)
(SCALE)
(Hi.res)
(Frc.Out)
(tSt.InP)
Sect 7.10 p 37
SPECIAL TEST FUNCTIONS
Scale base test display
High resolution display
Force the Digital outputs
Test the Digital Inputs
(FACTRY)
FACTORY SETTINGS
(DEfLt)
Restore Factory default
(FAC.RSt)
Factory reset
(ConFiG)
Software option access code entry
(-End-)
Leaving Setup
76
Sect 7.11 p 37
Sect 7.12 p 38
Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Notes:
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Rinstrum 5100 - Reference Manual
Notes:
78
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