- Powerup Lawncare Products

- Powerup Lawncare Products
Operator's Manual
|CRAFTSMAN |
LAWN TRACTOR
19.0 HP” 42 Mower
Electric Start
Automatic Transmission
Model No.
917.99047
This product has a low emission engine which operates
u differently from previously built engines. Before you start the
engine, read and understand this manual.
IMPORTANT:
Read and follow all Safety
Rules and Instructions before
operating this equipment.
Sears Brands Management Corporation, Hoffman Estates, IL 60179 U.S.A.
Visit our Craftsman website: www.craftsman.com
* The power rating as declared by the engine manufacturer is the
average gross power output at the specified RPM of a typical
production engine for the engine model measured using SAE
Standards for engine gross power. Please refer to the engine
manufacturer tor details.
587477628
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Safety RUÍEes ........e..........=.imeserarormennooana 2-4
Product Specifications ...............e ee... 5
Assembly/Pre-Operation .............w ==... 6
Operation..........e—..—...—.—....enencenennenene 8-14
Maintenance Schedule ......................... 15
Maintenance ..........—.-....re=e=.asanerenneono 15-19
Service and Adjustments.............—.... 20-25
Storage ..........e..—.-— mm. ==eenecornereenocernenanere.. 26
Troubleshooting ...........-.---..w——e==e=emenencacs 27
SN AE
AÁNDANGER: This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and
throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result
in serious injury or death.
ÁNWARNING: in order to prevent acciden-
tal starting when setting up, transporting,
adjusting or making repairs, always discon-
nect spark plug wire and place wire where
it cannot contact spark plug.
ÉA WARNING: Do not coast down a hill in
neutral, you may lose control of the tractor.
ÁNWARNING: Tow only the attachments
that are recommended by and comply with
specifications of the manufacturer of your
tractor. Use common sense when towing.
Operate only at the lowest possible speed
when ona slope. Too heavy of a load, while
on a siope, is dangerous. Tires can lose
traction with the ground and cause you to
lose control of your tractor.
|. CHILDREN
A WARNING! CHILDREN CAN BE IN-
JURED BY THIS EQUIPMENT. The Ameri-
can Academy of Pediatrics recommends
that children be a minimum of 12 year of
age before operating a pedestrian controlled
lawn mower and a minimum of 16 years of
age before operating a riding lawn mower.
A WARNING! CHILDREN CAN BE
SERIOUSLY INJURED OR KILLED BY
THIS EQUIPMENT. Carefully read and
follow all of the safety instructions below.
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator
is not alert to the presence of children.
Children are often attracted to the machine
and the mowing activity. Never assume
that children will remain where you last
saw them.
* Keep children out of the mowing area
and in the watchful care of a responsible
adult other than the operator.
о Be alert and turn machine off if a child
enters the area.
Before and while backing, look behind
and down for small children.
* Never carry children, even with the
blades shut off. They may fall off and
be seriously injured or interfere with safe
machine operation. Children who have
been given rides in the past may suddenly
appear in the mowing area for another
ride and be run over or backed over by
the machine.
» Neverallowchildrento operate machine.
+ Use extreme caution when approaching
blind comers, shrubs, trees, or other ob-
jects that may block your view of a child.
Il. GENERAL OPERATION
* Read, understand, and follow all instruc-
tions on the machine and in the manual
before starting.
* Do not put hands or feet near rotating
parts or under the machine. Keep clear
of the discharge opening at all times.
* Only allow responsible adults, who are
familiar with the instructions, to operate
the machine.
* Clear the area of objects such as rocks,
toys, wire, etc., which could be picked
up and thrown by the blades.
* Ensure the area is clear of bystanders
before operating. Stop machine ifanyone
enters the area.
e Never carry passengers.
« Donotmowin reverse unless absoiutely
necessary. Always look down andbehind
before and while backing.
» Never direct discharged material toward
anyone. Avoid discharging material
against a wall or obstruction. Material
may ricochet back toward the operator.
Stop the blades when crossing gravel
surfaces.
* Do notoperate machine withoutthe entire
grass catcher, discharge chute, or other
safety devices in place and working.
SAFETY RULES
* Slow down before turning.
* Never leave a running machine unat-
tended. Always turn off blades, set
parking brake, stop engine, and remove
keys before dismounting.
e Disengage blades when not mowing.
Shut off engine and wait for all parts to
come to a complete stop before cleaning
the machine, removing the grass catcher,
or unclogging the discharge chute.
e Operate machine onlyin daylight orgood
artificial light.
* Do not operate the machine while under
the influence of alcohol or drugs.
* Watch for traffic when operating near or
crossing roadways.
* Use extreme caution when loading or
unloading the machine into a trailer or
truck.
» Always wear eye protection when operat-
ing machine.
* Use ear protectors to avoid damage to
hearing.
e Data indicates that operators, age 60
years and above, are involved in a large
percentage of riding mower-related inju-
ries. These operators should evaluate
their ability to operate the riding mower
safely enough to protect themselves and
others from serious injury.
» Followthe manufacturer's recommenda-
tion for wheel weights or counterweights.
* Keep machine free of grass, leaves or
other debris build-up which cantouch hot
exhaust / engine parts and burn. Do not
allow the mower deck to plow leaves or
other debris which can cause build-up
to occur. Clean any oil or fuel spillage
before operating or storing the machine.
Allow machine to cool before storage.
Hl. SLOPE OPERATION
@ WARNING! When loading or unloading
this machine, do not exceed the maximum
recommended operation angle of 15°.
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of
control and tip-over accidents, which can
resultin severe injury or death. Operation
on all slopes requires extreme caution. If
you cannot back up the slope or if you feel
uneasy on it, do not mow it.
* Mow up and down slopes, not across.
Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or
other hidden objects. Uneven terrain
could overtum the machine. Tall grass
can hide obstacies.
Choose a low ground speed so that you
will not have to stop or shift while on the
slope.
Do not mow on wet grass. Tires may
lose traction. Always keep the machine
in gear when going down slopes.
Do not shiftto neutral and coast downhill.
Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a
slope. Ifthetires losetraction, disengage
the blades and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
Keep all movement on the slopes slow
and gradual. Do not make sudden
changes in speed or direction, which
could cause the machine to roll over.
Use extreme caution while operating
machine with grass catchers or other
attachments; they can affect the stabil-
ity of the machine. Do no use on steep
siopes.
Do not try to stabilize the machine by
putting your foot on the ground.
Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches,
or embankments. The machine could
suddenly roll over if a wheel is over the
edge or if the edge caves in.
If machine stops while going uphill,
disengage blades, shift into reverse and
back down slowly.
Do not turn on slopes unless necessary,
and then, turn slowly and gradually
downhill, if possible.
ED
IV. TOWING
Tow only with a machine that has a hitch
designed fortowing. Do not attach towed
equipment except at the hitch point.
Follow the manufacturer's recommenda-
tion for weight limits for towed equipment
and towing on slopes.
Never allow children or others in or on
towed equipment.
On slopes, the weight of the towed equip-
ment may cause loss of traction and loss
of control.
Travel slowly and allow extra distance to
stop.
SAFETY RULES
GENERAL SERVICE
V.
SERVICE
SAFE HANDLING OF GASOLINE
To
avoid personal injury or property dam-
age, use extreme care in handling gasoline.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and the
va
e
pors are explosive.
Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes,
and other sources of ignition.
Use only approved gasoline container.
Never remove gas cap or add fuel with
the engine running.
Allow engine to cool before refueling.
Never fuel the machine indoors.
Never store the machine or fuel container
where there is an open flame, spark, or
pilot light such as on a water heater or
other appliances.
Never fill containers inside a vehicle or
on a truck or trailer bed with plastic liner.
Always place containers on the ground
away from your vehicle when filling.
Remove gas-powered equipment from
the truck or trailer and refuel it on the
ground. If this is not possible, then refuel
such equipment with a portable container,
rather than from a gasoline dispenser
nozzle.
Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim
of the fuel tank or container opening at
al! times until fueling is complete. Do not
use a nozzle lock-open device.
If fuel is spilled on clothing, change cloth-
ing immediately.
Never overfill fuel tank. Replace gas cap
and tighten securely.
(LE
AAFETT CLARA
La NE
LT
Never operate machine in a closed area.
Keep all nuts and bolts tightto ensure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
Nevertamper with safety devices. Never
interfere with the intended function of a
safety device or reduce the protection
provided by a safety device. Check there
proper operation regularly. NEVER oper-
ate a machine with a safety device that
does not function properly.
Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or
other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel
spillage and remove any fuel-soaked
debris. Allow machine to cool before
storing.
If you strike a foreign object, stop and
inspect the machine. Repair, if necessary,
before restarting.
Never make any adjustments or repairs
with the engine running.
Check grass catcher components andthe
discharge chute frequently and replace
with manufacturer's recommended parts,
when necessary.
Mowerblades are sharp. Wrap the blade
orwear gloves, and use extreme caution
when servicing them.
Check brake operation frequently. Adjust
and service as required.
Maintain or replace safety and instruction
labels, as necessary.
Use ear protectors to avoid damage to hearing.
Always wear eye protection when operating machine.
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Gasoline Capacity 2.50 Gallons/9,46 L
and type: Regular Unleaded
Power Rating”: 14.2 kW @ 3600 RPM
Oil Type: SAE 30 (above 32°F/0°C)
(APL: SG-SL) SAE 5W30 (below 32°F/Q0°C)
Oil Capacity: W/ Filter: 56 07./1,65 L
W/out Filter: 48 Oz./1,4 L
Spark Plug: Champion 696798
(Gap: 0.30" / 0,76 mm)
Charging 3 Amps Battery
System: 5 Amps Headlights
Battery: Amp/Hr: 28
Min. CCA: 230
Case size: U1R
Blade Bolt Torque: 45-55 Ft. Lbs./62-75 Nm
* The power rating as declared by the engine manufac-
turer is the average gross power output at the specified
RPM of a typical production engine for the engine model
measured using SAE Standards for engine gross power.
Please refer to the engine manufacturer for details.
1 AR Gasoline containing up to 10% ethanol (E10) is
acceptable for use in this machine. The use of
any gasoline exceeding 10% ethanol (E10) will
void the product warranty.
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of
a new tractor. It has been designed, engi-
neeredand manufacturedto give you the best
possible dependability and performance.
Should you experience any problem you can-
not easily remedy, please contact a Sears or
otherqualified service center. We have com-
petent, well-trained representatives and the
proper tools to service or repair this tractor.
Please read and retain this manual. The
instructions will enable you to assemble
and maintain your tractor properly. Always
observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
* Read and observe the safety rules.
* Follow a regular schedule in maintaining,
caring for and using your tractor.
e Follow instructions under “Maintenance”
and “Storage” sections of this manual.
e Wear proper Personal Protective Equip-
ment (PPE) while operating this machine,
including (at a minimum) sturdy footwear,
eye protection, and hearing protection.
Do not mow in shorts and/or open toed
footwear.
* Always let someone know you are outside
mowing.
A WARNING: Thistractoris equipped with
an internal combustion engine and should
not be used on or near any unimproved
forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-
covered land unless the engine's exhaust
system is equipped with a spark arrester
meeting applicable local or state laws (if
any). If a spark arrester is used, it should
be maintained in effective working order by
the operator.
Inthe state of California the above is required
by law (Section 4442 of the California Public
Resources Code). Other states may have
similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal
lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is
available through your nearest Sears service
center (See REPAIR PARTS manual).
UNASSEMBLED PARTS
Slope Sheet
Battery
mi
=
(2) Hex Bolts
oo
ts
gi
(2) Nut Keps
ASSEMBLY/PRE-OPERATION
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with the exception of those parts left
unassembled for shipping purposes.
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY
A socket wrench set will make assembly
easier. Standard wrench sizes are listed.
(1) 1/2" wrench Tire pressure gauge
(2) 7/16" wrenches Utility knife
Pliers
When right or left hand is mentioned in this
manual, itmeanswhenyouareintheoperating
position (seated behind the steering wheel).
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM
CARTON
UNPACK CARTON
* Remove all accessible loose parts and
parts cartons from carton.
+ Cut along dotted lines on all four panels
of carton. Remove end panels and lay
side panels flat.
* Check tor any additional loose parts or
cartons and remove.
BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR
FROM SKID
TO CHECK BATTERY
1. Lift seat to raised position.
NOTE: If this battery is put into service after
month and year indicated on label (label is
located between terminals) charge battery
for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps. (See
"BATTERY" in Maintenance section of this
manual for charging instructions).
* For battery and battery cable installation
see "REPLACING BATTERY" in the
"Service and Adjustments” section in
this manual.
Label
TO ADJUST SEAT
» Sit in seat.
» Liftupadjustmentiever(A)andslide seat
until a comfortable position is reached
which allows you to press clutch/brake
pedal all the way down.
* Release lever to lock seat in position.
\
\
NOTE: You may now roll your tractor off the
skid. Continue using the instructions that
follow to remove the tractor from the skid.
Á WARNING: Before starting, read, un-
derstand and follow all instructions in the
Operation section of this manual. Be sure
tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure
the area in front of tractor is clear of other
people and objects.
TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See
Operation section for location and
function of controls)
1. Raise attachment lift lever to its highest
position.
2. Release parking brake by depressing
clutch/brake pedal.
3. Place freewheel control in "transmission
disengaged position" (See “TO TRANS-
PORT” in the Operation section of this
manual).
4. Roll tractor forward off skid.
5. Remove banding holding the deflector
shield up against tractor.
Continue with the instructions that follow.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
The tires on your tractor were overinflated at
the factory for shipping purposes. Correct
tire pressure is important for best cutting
performance.
» Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown on
tires.
CHECK DECK LEVELNESS
For best cutting results, mower housing
should be properly leveled. See “TO LEVEL
MOWER?” in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION OF
ALL BELTS
See the figures that are shown for replac-
ing motion and mower blade drive belts in
the Service and Adjustments section of this
manual. Verify that the belts are routed
correctly.
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM
After you learn how to operate your tractor,
check to see that the brake is operating
properly. See “TO CHECK BRAKE?” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual.
v/ CHECKLIST
Before you operate your new tractor, we
wish to assure that you receive the best
performance and satisfaction from this
Quality Product.
Please review the following checklist:
7 All assembly instructions have been
completed.
7 No remaining loose parts in carton.
7 Batteryis properly prepared and charged.
v Seat is adjusted comfortably and tight-
ened securely.
7 All tires are properly inflated. (For ship-
ping purposes, the tires were overinflated
at the factory).
v" Ensure mower deck is properly leveled
side-to-side/front-to-rear for best cutting
results. (Tires must be properly inflated
for leveling).
v Check mower and drive belts. Ensure
they are routed properly around pulleys
and inside all belt keepers.
v/ Check wiring. See that all connections
are still secure and wires are properly
clamped.
v" Before driving tractor, be sure freewheel
controlis in “transmission engaged” posi-
tion (see “To Transport” in the Operation
section of this manual).
While learning how to use your tractor, pay
extra attention to the following important
items:
7 Engine oil is at proper level.
У” Fueltankisfilledwithfresh, clean, regular
unleaded gasoline.
v Become familiar with all controls, their
location and function. Operate them
before you start the engine.
Y Ensure brake system is in safe operating
condition.
7 Ensure Operator Presence System and
Reverse Operation System (ROS) are
working properly (See the Operation and
Maintenance sections in this manual).
v It is important to purge the transmission
before operating your tractor for the first
time. Follow proper starting and trans-
mission purging instructions (See “TO
START ENGINE" and “PURGE TRANS-
MISSION" inthe Operation section of this
manual).
OPERATION
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product.
Learn and understand their meaning.
R N HL ÀiN
REVERSE NEUTRAL HIGH CHOKE
SWITCH
366 E TE
ENGINE ENGINE ENGINE DIFFERENTIAL CLUTCH/ PARKING MOWER MOWER
OFF START ON LOCK BRAKE PEDAL BRAKE HEIGHT LIFT
vu В
ZE & ВА) =
Lu I x = = =
+ + 1 OV rules =
REVERSE REVERSE FORWARD CRUISE CONTROL LIGHTS ON FUEL BATTERY EAR
OPERATION PROTECTION
SYSTEM (ROS) RECOMMENDED
na At
LA
ATTACHMENT ATTACHMENT DANGER, KEEP KEEP AREA CLEAR SLOPE HAZARDS
CLUTCH HANDS AND (SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)
DISENGAGED ENGAGED FEET AWAY
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
will result in death or serious injury.
FREE WHEE
{Automatic Models only)
WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
might result in minor or moderate injury.
és
Failure to follow instructions
could result in serious injury or
death. The safety alert symbol
is used to identify safety inform-
ation about hazards which can FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
result in death, serious injury could result in death, serious injury and/or
and/or property damage. property damage.
CAUTION when used without the alert symbol,
indicates a situation that could result in damage
to the tractor and/or engine.
HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which,
if not avoided, could result in death, serious
injury and/or property damage.
I >>>
&
le |
HET
=
=
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR
READ THIS MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TRACTOR
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of
various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.
oN
gu Hl
Our tractors conform to the applicable safety standards of the
American National Standards Institute.
(A) ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to
raise and lower the mower or other attach-
ments mounted to your tractor.
(B) BRAKE PEDAL - Used for braking the
tractor and starting the engine.
(C) PARKING BRAKE - Locks clutch/brake
pedal into the brake position.
(D) THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL- Used
for starting and controlling engine speed.
(E) ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER-Used
to engage the mower blades, or other attach-
ments mounted to your tractor.
(F) IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting
and stopping the engine.
(G) REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM
(ROS) "ON" POSITION - Allows operation
of mower or other powered attachment while
in reverse.
(H) LIGHT SWITCH - Turns the headlights
on and off.
(J) MOTION CONTROL LEVER - Selects
the speed and direction of the tractor.
(M) FREEWHEEL CONTROL - Disengages
transmission for pushing or slowly towing
the tractor with the engine off.
- WEAH YOUR
FORESIGHT'S 3ETTER
o ':1: MA (1 O
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
TO SET PARKING BRAKE
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch. When engine is
running, any attempt by the operatorto leave
the seatwithout first setting the parking brake
will shut off the engine.
1. Depressbrake pedal (B) ali the way down
and hold.
Pull parking brake lever (C) up and hold,
release pressure from brake pedal (B),
then release parking brake lever. Pedal
should remain in brake position. Ensure
2.
STOPPING
MOWER BLADES -
* To stop mower blades, move attachment
clutch control to disengaged position (Ir).
(05!) Attachment (Mz) Attachment
Clutch Control © Clutch Control
“Engaged” “Disengaged”
GROUND DRIVE -
* Tostop grounddrive, depress brake pedal
all the way down.
* Move motion control leverto neutral posi-
tion.
ENGINE -
* Move throttle control (D) to fast position.
NOTE: Failureto move throttle controltofast
position before stopping may cause engine
to “backfire”.
10
The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes,
which can resultin severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or
| while operating your tractor or performing any adjustments orrepairs. We recom-
mend standard safety glasses or a wide vision safety mask worn over spectacles.
shields
« Turn ignition key (F) to “STOP” position
and remove key. Always remove keywhen
leavingtractorto preventunauthorizeduse.
o Never use choke to stop engine.
IMPORTANT: Leaving the ignition switch in
any position otherthan "STOP" will cause the
battery to discharge and go dead.
NOTE: Under certain conditions when tractor
is standing idle with the engine running, hot
engine exhaust gases may cause "brown-
ing” of grass. To eliminate this possibility,
always stop engine when stopping tractor
on grass areas.
A CAUTION: Always stop tractor com-
pletely, as described above, before leaving
the operator's position.
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL (D)
Always operate engine at full speed (fast).
* Operating engine at less than full speed
(fast) reduces engine's operating effi-
ciency.
e Full speed (fast) offers the best mower
performance.
TO MOVE FORWARD AND BACKWARD
The direction and speed of movement is
controlled by the motion control lever. (J)
oe =
. Start tractor with motion control lever in
neutral (N) position.
Release parking brake.
Slowly move motion control lever to
desired position.
wn
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
The position of the attachment lift lever (A)
determines the cutting height.
» Put attachment lift lever in desired cutting
height slot.
The cutting height range is approximately 1
to 4" (25,4 to 101,6 mm). The heights are
measured from the ground to the blade tip
with the engine not running. These heights
are approximate and may vary depending
upon soil conditions, height of grass and
types of grass being mowed.
The average lawn should be cut to approxi-
mately 2-1/2" (63,5 mm) during the cool
season andto over 3" (76,2 mm) during hot
months. Forhealthier, better looking lawns,
mow often and after moderate growth.
For best cutting performance, grass over
6" (152,4 mm) in height should be mowed
twice, Make the first cut relatively high; the
second to desired height.
TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS
Gauge wheels are properly adjusted when
they are slightly off the ground when mower
is at the desired cutting height in operating
position. Gauge wheels then keep the deck
in proper position to help prevent scalping
in most terrain conditions.
NOTE: Adjust gauge wheels with tractor on
a flat level surface.
1. Adjust mower to desired cutting height
(See “TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING
HEIGHT” in this section of manual).
With mower in desired height of cut posi-
tion, gauge wheels should be assembled
so they are slightly off the ground. Install
gauge wheel in appropriate hole. Tighten
securely.
Repeat for all, installing gauge wheel
in same adjustment hole.
Ne
11
TO OPERATE MOWER
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch. Any attempt
by the operator to leave the seat with the
engine running and the attachment clutch
engaged will shut off the engine. You must
remain fully and centrally positioned in the
seat to prevent the engine from hesitating or
cutting off when operating your equipment
on rough, rolling terrain or hills.
1. Select desired height of cut with attach-
ment lift lever.
2. Start mower blades by engaging attach-
ment clutch control.
TO STOP MOWER BLADES
Disengage attachment clutch control.
A caution: Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher, on
mowers so equipped, or the deflector shield
in place.
TO OPERATE ON HILLS
A WARNING: Do not drive up or down hills
with slopes greater than 15° and do not
drive across any slope. Use the slope guide
provided at the back of this manual.
e Choosethe slowest speed before starting
up or down hills.
e Avoid stopping orchanging speedonhilis.
e |f stopping is absolutely necessary, push
clutch/brake pedal quickly to brake posi-
tion and engage parking brake.
* Move motion control lever to neutral posi-
tion.
IMPORTANT: The motion control leverdoes
notreturnto neutral position when the clutch/
brake pedal is depressed.
« Torestart movement, slowly release park-
ing brake and clutch/brake pedal.
« Slowly move motion control lever to slow-
est setting.
Make all turns slowly.
REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS)
Your tractor is equipped with a Reverse
Operation System (ROS). Any attempt by
the operatorto travel in the reverse direction
with the attachment clutch engaged will shut
off the engine unless ignition key is placed
in the ROS "ON" position.
AWARNING: Backing up with the at-
tachment clutch engaged while mowing is
strongly discouraged. Turningthe ROS "ON’,
to allow reverse operation with the attach-
ment cluich engaged, should only be done
when the operator decides it is necessary to
reposition the machine with the attachment
engaged. Do not mow in reverse unless
absolutely necessary.
USING THE REVERSE OPERATION
SYSTEM -
Only use if you are certain no children or
other bystanders will enter the mowing area.
1. Move motion control lever to neutral (N)
position.
2. With engine running, turn ignition key
counterclockwise to ROS "ON" position.
3. Look down and behind before and while
backing.
4, Siowly move motion control lever to
reverse (R) position to start movement.
5. When use of the ROS is no longer
needed, tum the ignition key clockwise
to engine "ON" position.
ROS "ON" Position Engine "ON" Position
(Normal Operating)
TO TRANSPORT
When pushing or towing your tractor, be
sure to disengage transmission by placing
freewheel control in freewheeling position.
Free wheel control is located at the rear
drawbar of tractor.
* Raise attachment lift to highest position
with attachment lift control.
* Pull freewheel control out and into the slot
and release soitis held inthe disengaged
position.
* Do not push or tow tractor at more than
two (2) mph (3,2 km/h).
* Toreengage transmission, reverse above
procedure.
Transmission Engaged
Transmission Disengaged
NOTE: To protect hood from damage when
transporting yourtractor on atruckora trailer,
be sure hoodis closed and secured totractor.
Use an appropriate means of tying hood to
tractor (rope, cord, etc.).
TOWING CARTS AND OTHER ATTACH-
MENTS
Tow only the attachments that are recom-
mended by and comply with specifications
of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use
common sense when towing. Too heavy of
a load, while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires
can lose traction with the ground and cause
you to lose control of your tractor.
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
The engine inyourtractor has been shipped
from the factory already filled with summer
weight oil.
1. Check engine oil with tractor on level
ground.
2. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe
clean, reinsertthe dipstick and screw cap
tight, wait for a few seconds, remove and
read oil level. If necessary, add oil until
“FULL. mark on dipstick is reached. Do
not overfill.
* For cold weather operation you should
change oil for easier starting (See the oil
viscosity chart in the Maintenance section
of this manual).
* Tochange engine oil, see the Maintenance
section in this manual.
12
ADD GASOLINE
Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do
not overfill. Use fresh, clean, regular
gasoline with a minimum of 87 octane.
Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase
fuel in quantities that can be used within
30 days to ensure fuel freshness.
#A CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline near
an open flame.
IMPORTANT: When operating in tempera-
tures below 32°F (0°C), use fresh, clean
winter grade gasoline to help ensure good
cold weather starting.
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can
attract moisture which leads to separation
and formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an engine
while in storage. To avoid engine problems,
the fuel system should be emptied before
storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas
tank, start the engine and let it run until the
fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use
freshfuel next season. See Storage instruc-
tions for additional information. Never use
engine or carburetor cleaner products in the
fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.
Fuel stabilizeris an acceptable alternative in
minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits
during storage. Add stabilizer to gasoline in
fuel tank or storage container. Always follow
the mix ratio found on stabilizer container.
Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding
stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to reach the
carburetor. Do not empty the gas tank and
carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
TO START ENGINE
When starting the engine for the first time or
if the engine has run out of fuel, it will take
extra cranking time to move fuel from the
tank to the engine.
1. Ensure freewheel control is in the trans-
mission engaged position.
Sit on seat in operating position, depress
clutch/brake pedal and set parking brake.
Place motion control lever in neutral
position.
Move attachment clutch to disengaged
position.
5. Move throttle control to choke position.
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and
cold starting procedures below.
2.
3.
4.
13
Insert key into ignition and turn key
clockwise to start position and release
key as soon as engine starts. Do not run
starter continuously for more than fifteen
seconds per minute. If the engine does
not start after several attempts, move
throttle control to fast position, wait a
few minutes and try again. If engine still
does not start, move the throttle control
back to the choke position and retry.
WARM WEATHER STARTING
(50°F (10°C) and above)
7. When engine starts, move the throttle
control to the fast position.
* The attachments and ground drive
can now be used. If the engine does
not accept the load, restart the engine
and allow it to warm up for one minute
using the choke as described above.
COLD WEATHER STARTING
(50°F (10°C) and below)
7. When engine starts, leave throttle control
in choke position until engine warms up
and begins to run roughly. Once rough
running begins, immediately move the
throttle control to the fast position. Engine
warm-up may take from several seconds
to several minutes (the colder the tem-
perature, the longer the warm-up).
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION WARM UP
Before driving the unit in cold weather, the
transmission should be warmed up as fol-
lows:
1. Ensure the tractor is on level ground.
2. Place the motion control lever in neutral.
Release the parking brake and let the
clutch/brake slowly return to operating
position.
Allow one minute for transmission to
warm up. This can be done during the
engine warm up period.
* The attachments can also be used
during the engine warm-up period after
the transmission has been warmed up.
PURGE TRANSMISSION
@ CAUTION: Never engage or disengage
freewheel lever while the engine is running.
To ensure proper operation and performance,
it is recommended that the transmission be
purged before operating tractor for the first
time. This procedure will remove anytrapped
air inside the transmission which may have
developed during shipping of your tractor.
IMPORTANT: Should your transmission
require removal for service or replacement,
it should be purged after reinstallation before
operating the tractor.
1. Place tractor safely on a level surface -
that is clear of objects and open - with
engine off and parking brake set.
2. Disengage transmission by placing
freewheel control in disengaged position
(See “TO TRANSPORT" in this section
of manual).
3. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine.
Afterthe engine is running, move throttle
control to slow position. With motion
control lever in neutral position, slowly
disengage clutch/brake pedal.
A CAUTION: At any time, during step 4,
there may be movement of the drive wheels.
4. Move motion control lever to full forward
position and hold for five (5) seconds.
Move lever to full reverse position and
hold for five (5) seconds. Repeat this
procedure three (3) times.
5. Move motion control leverto neutral posi-
tion. Shutoff engine and set parking brake.
6. Engage transmission by placing free-
wheel control in engaged position (See
“TO TRANSPORT” in this section of
manual).
7. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine.
After the engine is running, move throttie
contro! to half (1/2) speed. With motion
control lever in neutral position, slowly
disengage clutch/brake pedal.
8. Slowly move motion control leverforward,
after the tractor moves approximately
five (5) feet (1,5 m), slowly move motion
control lever to reverse position. After
the tractor moves approximately five
(5) feet (1,5 m) return the motion control
lever to the neutral position. Repeat this
procedure with the motion control lever
three (3) times.
Your transmission is now purged and now
ready for normal operation.
MOWING TIPS
* DO NOT use tire chains when the mower
housing is attached to tractor.
* Mower should be properiy leveled for best
mowing performance. See “TO LEVEL
MOWER HOUSING” in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual.
* The left hand side of mower should be
used for trimming.
» Drive sothat clippings are discharged onto
the area that has already been cut. Have
the cut area to the right of the tractor. This
Will result in a more even distribution of
clippings and more uniform cutting.
When mowing large areas, start by turning
to the right so that clippings will discharge
away from shrubs, fences, driveways,
etc. After one or two rounds, mow in the
opposite direction making left hand turns
until finished .
7 - > 5)
O -— y
* |f grass is extremely tall, it should be
mowed twice to reduce load and possible
fire hazard from dried clippings. Make
first cut relatively high; the second to the
desired height.
* Do not mow grass when it is wet. Wet
grass will plug mower and leave undesir-
able clumps. Allow grass to dry before
mowing.
* Always operate engine at full throttle
when mowing to assure better mow-
ing performance and proper discharge
of material. Regulate ground speed by
selecting a low enough gear to give the
mower cutting performance as well as the
quality of cut desired.
* When operating attachments, select a
ground speed that will suit the terrain and
give best performance of the attachment
being used.
14
MAINTENANCE
BEFORE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE EACH
USE
Check Braka
Check Tire Pressure
Check Presence and ROS
Check for Loose Fasteners
Mower Blades
Lubrication Chart
Check Leval
Clean and Terminals
Clean Debris off Plate
Check Transaxle
Check Mower Levelness
Check V-Belts
Check
HOP
Oil Level
Oil with oil
Oil withoul oll
Clean Alr Filter
Clean Air Screen
Qil Filter
Clean
me-0=2m
Air Filter
Fuel Filler
or Li High av ent ir peratres
1- i
2 - Servia more often een poerating wn diriy or dusty condilona,
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
The warranty on this tractor does not cover
items that have been subjected to operator
abuse or negligence. To receive full value
from the warranty, operator must maintain
tractor as instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made
periodically to properly maintain yourtractor.
At least once a season, check to see if
you should make any of the adjustments
described in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
* At least once a year you should replace
the spark plug, clean or replace air filter,
and check blades and belts for wear. A
new spark plug and clean air filter assure
proper air-fuel mixture and help your en-
gine run better and last longer.
BEFORE EACH USE
1. Check engine oil level.
2. Check brake operation.
3. Check tire pressure.
4. Check operator presence and
ROS systems for proper operation.
5. Check for loose fasteners.
EVERY EVERY EVERY EVERY EVERY
100 SEASON
HOURS
BEFORE
STORAGE
25
HOURS HOURS
9
HOURS
LUBRICATION CHART
Front Wheel |
Bearing zerk
@ Steering
Sector Gear
Teeth
MDGeneral Purpose Grease
@Referto Maintenance “ENGINE” Section.
IMPORTANT: Do not oil or grease the pivot
points which have special nylon bearings.
Viscous lubricants will attract dust and dirt
that will shorten the life of the self-lubricating
bearings. If you feel they must be lubricated,
use only a dry, powdered graphite type
lubricant sparingly.
TRACTOR
Always observe safety rules when perform-
ing any maintenance.
BRAKE OPERATION
If tractor requires more than 5 feet (1,5 m)
to stop at highest speed in highest gear on
a level, dry concrete or paved surface, then
brake must be serviced. (See “TO CHECK
BRAKE" in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual).
TIRES
Maintain proper air pressure in all tires
(See the side of tires for proper PSI.)
Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect
control chemicals which can harm rubber.
Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp
objects and other hazards that may cause
tire damage.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
flat tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant may
be purchased from your local parts dealer.
Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and
corrosion.
OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM AND
REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS)
Be sure operator presence and reverse
operation systems are working properly. If
your tractor does not function as described,
repair the problem immediately.
* The engine should not start unless the
brake pedal is fully depressed, and the
attachment clutch control is in the disen-
gaged position.
CHECK OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM
When the engine is running, any attempt
by the operator to leave the seat without
first setting the parking brake should shut
off the engine.
When the engine is running and the at-
tachment clutch is engaged, any attempt
by the operator to leave the seat should
shut off the engine.
The attachment clutch should never oper-
ate unless the operator is in the seat.
CHECK REVERSE OPERATION (ROS)
SYSTEM
When the engine is running with the ignition
switch in the engine "ON" position and the
attachment clutch engaged, any attempt
by the operator to drive in reverse should
shut off the engine.
When the engine is running with the ignition
switch in the ROS "ON" position and the
attachment clutch engaged, any attempt
by the operator to drive in reverse should
NOT shut off the engine.
©
16
Engine "On" Position
Ros "On"
Position (Normal Operating)
BLADE CARE
Forbest results mowerblades must be sharp.
Replace wom, bent or damaged blades.
& CAUTION: Use only areplacementblade
approved by the manufacturerof yourtractor.
Using a blade not approved by the manu-
facturer of your tractor is hazardous, could
damage your tractor and void your warranty.
BLADE REMOVAL
1. Raise mower to highest position to allow
access to blades.
NOTE: Protect your hands with gloves and/
or wrap blade with heavy cloth.
2. Remove blade bolt by tuming counter-
clockwise.
Install new blade with stamped "GRASS
SIDE" facing the ground.
IMPORTANT: To ensure proper assembly,
center hole in blade must align with star on
mandrel assembly.
4, Install and tighten blade bolt securely
(45-55 Ft. Lbs./62-75 Nm).
IMPORTANT: Special blade bolt is heat
treated.
3.
Star
Center Hole
NS PS |
Blade Bolt SES >
(Special) ar
BATTERY
Your tractor has a battery charging system
which is sufficient for normal use. However,
periodic charging of the battery with an au-
tomotive charger will extend its life.
» Keep battery and terminals clean.
» Keep battery bolts tight.
* Keep small vent holes open.
* Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.
NOTE: The original equipment battery on
your tractor is maintenance free. Do not
attempt to open or remove caps or covers.
Adding or checking level of electrolyte is
not necessary.
Blade
TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS
Corrosion anddirtonthe battery andterminals
can cause the battery to “leak” power.
1. Remove terminal guard.
2. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first
then RED battery cable and remove
battery from tractor.
Rinse the battery with plain water and
dry.
Clean terminals and battery cable ends
with wire brush until bright.
Coat terminals with grease or petroleum
jelly.
Reinstall battery (See “REPLACING
BATTERY" in the Service and Adjust-
ments section of this manual).
TRANSAXLE COOLING
The transmission fan and cooling fins should
be kept clean to assure proper cooling.
Do not attempt to ciean fan or transmission
while engine is running or while the trans-
mission is hot. To prevent possible damage
to seals, do not use high pressure water or
steam to clean transaxle.
Inspect cooling fan to be sure fan blades
are intact and clean.
inspect coolingfins for dirt, grass clippings
andother materials. To prevent damageto
seals, do not use compressed air or high
pressure sprayer to clean cooling fins.
TRANSAXLE PUMP FLUID
The transaxle was sealed at the factory and
fluid maintenance is not required for the life
of the transaxle. Should the transaxle ever
leak or require servicing, contact your near-
est Sears or other qualified service center.
V-BELTS
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after
100 hours of operation and replace if neces-
sary. The belts are not adjustable. Replace
belts if they begin to slip from wear.
ENGINE
LUBRICATION
Only use high quality detergent oil rated with
API service classification SG-SL. Selectthe
oil's SAE viscosity grade according to your
expected operating temperature.
© © = 2
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
17
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W30,
10W30 etc.) improve starting in cold weather,
they will result in increased oil consumption
when used above 32°F/0°C. Check your
engine oil level more frequently to avoid pos-
sible engine damage from running low on oil.
Change the oil after every 50 hours of opera-
tion or at least once a year if the tractor is
not used for 50 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting
the engine and after each eight (8) hours
of operation. Tighten oil fill cap/dipstick
securely each time you check the oil level.
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL
Determine temperature range expected
before oil change. All oil must meet API
service classification SG-SL.
1. Ensure tractor is on level surface.
2. Oil will drain more freely when warm.
3. Catch oil in a suitable container.
4
. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick. Be careful
not to allow dirt to enter the engine when
changing oil.
Remove yellow cap from end of drain
valve and install drain tube onto the fitting.
Unlock drain valve by pushing inward
and turning counterclockwise.
To open, pull out on the drain valve.
After oil has drained completely, close and
lock the drain valve by pushing inward
and turning clockwise until the pin is in
the locked position as shown.
Removethedraintube andreplacethecap
onto the bottom fitting of the drain valve.
10 Refill engine with oil through oil fill dip-
stick tube. Pour slowly. Do not overfill.
For approximate capacity see “PROD-
UCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this
manual.
11.Use gauge on oil fill cap/dipstick for check-
ing level. Ensure dipstick capis tightened
securely foraccurate reading. Keep oil at
“FULL line on dipstick. Tighten cap onto
the tube securely when finished.
9.
ENGINE OIL FILTER
Replace the engine oil filter every season or
every other oil change if the tractor is used
more than 100 hours in one year.
AIR FILTER
Your engine will not run properly using a
dirty air filter. Service paper cartridge every
100 hours of operation or every season,
whichever occurs first.
Service air cleaner more often under
dusty conditions.
1. Remove cover.
2. Carefully remove air filter cartridge and
pre-cleaner from base.
Clean base carefully to prevent debris
from falling into carburetor.
3.
Cartridge
Knobs
NOTE: If very dirty or damaged, replace
cartridge.
4. Place new pre-cleaner and cartridge
firmly in base.
5. Replace cover.
IMPORTANT: Petroleum solvents, such as
kerosene, are not to be used to clean the
cartridge. They may cause deterioration of
the cartridge. Do not oil cartridge. Do not
use pressurized air to clean cartridge.
CLEAN AIR SCREEN
The air screen is over the air intake blower
located on top of engine. The air screen
must be kept free of dirt and chaff to prevent
engine damage from overheating. Clean with
a wire brush or compressed air to remove
dirt and stubborn dried gum fibers.
18
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
Debris may clog the engine's air cooling
system. Remove blower housing and clean
the area shown to prevent overheating and
engine damage.
MUFFLER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler and
spark arrester (if equipped) as itcould create
a fire hazard and/or damage.
SPARK PLUG(S)
Replace spark plug(s) at the beginning of
each mowing season or after every 100
hours of operation, whichever occurs first.
Spark plug type and gap setting are shown
in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section
of this manual.
IN-LINE FUEL FILTER
The fuel filter should be replaced once each
season. If fuel filter becomes clogged, ob-
structing fuel flow to carburetor, replacement
is required.
1. With engine cool, remove filter and
plug fuel line sections.
. Place new fuel filter in position in fuel line
with arrow pointing towards carburetor.
Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and
clamps are properly positioned.
2
3.
4. Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.
CLEANING
* Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc.
of all foreign matter.
Clean debris from steering plate. Debris
canrestrictciuteh/brake pedal shaft move-
ment, causing belt slip and loss of drive.
A CAUTION: Avoid all pinch points and
movable parts
-
Clutch/brake pedal .. “0 7
— с, 8, ek
f | Clean To eg
top side = ¡LF =="
| Р = e , Ss
Steering — _-
Plate -
1. = :
Steering System, Dash, Fender
and Mower Not Shown
Keep finished surfaces and wheeis free
of all gasoline, oil, etc.
Protect painted surfaces with automotive
type wax.
Except for the washout port (if equipped),
we do not recommend using a garden hose
or pressure washer to clean the outside of
your tractor unless the engine and transmis-
sion are covered to keep water out. Water
in engine or transmission will shorten the
useful life of your tractor. Use compressed
air or a leaf blower to remove grass, leaves
and trash from outside tractor and mower.
DECK WASHOUT PORT
Your tractor's deck is equipped with a wash-
outporton its surface as part of its deck wash
system. It should be utilized after each use.
1. Drive the tractor to a level, clear spot
on your lawn, near enough to a water
spigot for your garden hose to reach.
IMPORTANT: Make certain the tractors
discharge chute is directed AWAY from your
house, garage, parked cars, etc. Remove
bagger chute or mulch cover if attached.
2. Make surethe attachment clutch control
is in the "DISENGAGED" position, set
the parking brake, and stop the engine.
3. Ensure your garden hose is fitted with a
standard 12mmfemale hose connector
(at the opposite end from the tap con-
nection).
19
Pull back the lock collar of the hose
connector and push the connector onto
the deck washout port at the left end of
themower deck. Release the lock collar
to lock the e on the nozzle.
Hose Connector
(12mm Female)
IMPORTANT: Tug hose ensuring connec-
tion is secure.
5, Turn the water on.
6. While sitting in the operator's position
on the tractor, re-start the engine and
place the throttle lever in the Fast "és"
position.
IMPORTANT: Recheck the area making
certain the area is clear.
7. Move the tractors attachment clutch
control to the "ENGAGED" position.
Remain in the operator's position with
the cutting deck engaged until the deck
is cleaned.
Move the tractors attachment clutch
control to the “DISENGAGED” posi-
tion. Turn the ignition key to the STOP
position to turn the tractors engine off.
Turn the water off.
Pull back the lock collar of the hose
connector to disconnect the connector
from the nozzle washout port.
Move the tractor to a dry area, prefer-
ably a concrete or paved area. Place
the attachment clutch control in the
“ENGAGED” position to remove excess
water and to help dry before putting the
tractor away.
A WARNING: A broken or missing washout
fitting could expose you or others to thrown
objects from contact with the blade.
Replace broken or missing washout fitting
immediately, prior to using mower again.
Plug any holes in mower with bolts and
locknuts.
10.
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
ADJUSTMENTS:
ос во :-
in contact with plug.
WARNING: TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE OR
Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
Place motion control lever in neutral position.
Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.
Ensure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come
TO REMOVE MOWER
1. Place attachment clutch in “DISEN-
GAGED” position.
. Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest
position.
Roll belt off engine pulley (M) and belt
keepers (G).
. Remove retainer spring (K), slide collar
(L) off and push housing guide (P) out
of bracket. |
Remove clutch cable spring (Q) from
idler arm (R).
Disconnect front link (E) from mower -
remove retainer spring and washer.
Go to either side of mower and discon-
nect mower suspension arm (A) from
chassis pin (B) and rear lift link (C) from
rear mower bracket (D) - remove retainer
springs and washers.
A CAUTION: After rear lift links are discon-
nected, the attachment lift lever will De spring
loaded. Have a tight grip on lift lever when
changing position of the lever.
2
3.
4
on
8. Slide mower out from under right side of
tractor.
IMPORTANT: If an attachment otherthanthe
mower is to be mounted on the tractor, re-
move thefrontlink (E) and rearliftliks (C) from
tractor and hook the ciutch spring (Q) into
the cable guide on front edge of lower dash.
TO INSTALL MOWER
Be suretractoris on level surface and engage
parking brake.
1. Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest
position.
A CAUTION: Lift lever is spring loaded.
Have a tight grip on lift lever, lower it slowly
and engage in lowest position.
NOTE: Be sure mower side suspension
arms (A) are pointing forward before sliding
mower under tractor.
2. Slide mower under tractor until it is cen-
tered under tractor.
©
__
AT
3. ATTACH MOWER SIDE SUSPENSION
ARMS (A) TO CHASSIS - Position hole
in arm over pin (B) on outside of tractor
chassis and secure with retainer spring.
4. Repeat on opposite side of tractor.
а
5. ATTACH REAR LIFT LINKS (C) - Lift
rear comer of mower and position slot
in link assembly over pin (D) on rear
mower bracket and secure with washer
and retainer spring.
A
6. ATTACH FRONT LINK (E) - Work from
left side of tractor. Insert rod end of link
assembly through front hole in tractor
tront suspension bracket (F).
©
7.
Insert end of link {E) into hole in front
mower bracket (H) and secure with
washer and retainer spring (J).
Minas ets
"3 a 1
7 Rag =, |
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A LJ E! Mz a |
3 E: : "= H al
7 в
EE а.
8. Hook end of clutch cable spring (Q) into
hole in idler arm (RF).
9. Push clutch cable housing guide (P) into
bracket, slide collar (L) onto guide and
secure with retainer spring (K).
10. Install belt onto engine puliey (M) and belt
keepers (G).
a, …
№ Ой о |
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing
in all mower pulley grooves.
11.Raise attachment lift lever to highest
position.
12. If necessary, adjust gauge wheels before
operating mower as shown in the Opera-
tion section of this manual.
4 A)
i
es
TO LEVEL MOWER
Ensure tires are properly inflated to the PSI
shown on tires. If tires are over or under
inflated, it may affect the appearance of your
lawn and lead you to think the mower is not
adjusted properly.
VISUAL SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT
1. With all tires properly inflated and if your
lawn appears unevenly cut, determine
which side of mower is cutting lower.
With a 3/4" or adjustable wrench, tum
lift link adjustment nut (A) to the left to
lower LH side of mower, or, to the right
to raise LH side of mower.
Tum nut =A Ty / Turn nut
right to <, \\ oi to
raise Za \\ ower
mower OS AM mower
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut will
change mower height about 3/16" (4,7 mm).
3. Test your adjustment by mowing some
uncut grass and visually checking the
appearance. Readjust, if necessary, until
you are satisfied with the results.
PRECISION SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT
1. Withalltires properly inflated, park tractor
on level ground or driveway.
£A CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap blade
with heavy cloth.
2. Raise mower to its highest position.
3. At both sides of mower, position blade
at side and measure distance "A" from
bottom edge of blade to ground. The dis-
tance should be the same on both sides.
If adjustment is necessary, see steps in
Visual Adjustment instructions above.
5. Recheck measurements; adjustif neces-
sary until both sides are equal.
Y
Aer — LIA
4.
22
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT
IMPORTANT: Deck must be level side-
to-side.
To obtain the best cutting results, the mower
blades should be adjusted so the front tip
is 1/8 to 1/2" (3,1 to 12,7 mm) (lower than
the rear tip when the mower is in Its highest
position.
£A CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap blade
with heavy cloth.
» Raise mower to highest position.
* Position any blade so the tip is pointing
straight forward. Measure distance "B" to
the ground at front and rear tip of blade.
A
Ar
lo
—
B
F
If front tip of blade is not 1/8 to 1/2" (3,1
to 12,7 mm) lower than the rear tip, go to
the front of tractor.
With an 11/16" or adjustable wrench,
loosen jam nut "A" several turns to clear
adjustment nut "B".
With a 3/4" or adjustable wrench, turn
front link adjustment nut "B" clockwise (rv)
(tighten) to raise the front of mower, or,
counterclockwise (9) (loosen) to lower
the front mower.
Tighten adjust Loosen adjust
nut "B" to nut "B" to
raise mower lower mower
Loosen jam nut "A" first
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut will
change mower height about 1/8" (3,1 mm).
es Recheck measurements, adjust if neces-
sary until front tip of blade is 1/8 to 1/2"
(3,1 to 12,7 mm) lower than the rear tip.
* Hold adjustment nut in position with
wrench and tighten jam nut securely
against adjustment nut.
TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE DRIVE
BELT
The mower blade drive belt may be replaced
without tools. Park the tractor on level sur-
face. Engage parking brake.
BELT REMOVAL -
1. Remove mower from tractor. (See “TO
REMOVE MOWER? in this section.)
Work belt off both mandrel pulleys and
idler pulleys.
Pull belt away from mower.
LT INSTALLATION -
Work belt around both mandrel pulleys
and idler pulleys
Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves
and inside all belt guides.
Install mower (See “To Install Mower” in
this section of this manual).
2.
3.
BE
1.
2.
3.
Mandrel Idler en
===
TO CHECK BRAKE |
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet (1,5
m) to stop at highest speed in highest gear
on a level, dry concrete or paved surface,
then brake must be serviced.
You may also check brake by:
1. Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or
paved surface, depress brake pedal all
the way down and engage parking brake.
Disengage transmission by placing
freewheel controlin “transmission disen-
gaged” position. Pull freewheel control
out and into the slot and release so it is
held in the disengaged position.
The rear wheels must lock and skid when
you try to manually push the tractor forward.
If the rear wheels rotate, then the brake
needs to be serviced. Contact a Sears or
other qualified service center.
23
TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage
parking brake. For assistance, there is a
belt installation guide decal on bottom side
of left footrest.
BELT REMOVAL -
1. Remove mower (See "TO REMOVE
MOWER?" in this section of manual).
NOTE: Observe entire motion drive belt
and position of all belt guides and keepers.
2. Remove beltfrom stationary idler (A) and
clutching idler (B).
Remove belt from centerspan idler (C).
Pull belt slack toward rear of tractor.
Carefully remove belt upwards from
transmission input pulley and over cool-
ing fan blades (D).
Remove beit downward from engine
pulley (E).
Slide belt toward rear of tractor, off the
steering plate (F) and remove fromtractor.
BELT INSTALLATION -
. Install new belt from tractor rear to front,
over the steering plate (F) and above
clutch brake pedal shaft (G).
Pull belt toward front of tractor and roll
belt onto engine pulley (E).
Pull belt toward rear of tractor. Carefully
work belt down around transmission
cooling fan and onto the input pulley (D).
Be sure belt is inside the belt keeper.
Install belt on centerspan idler (C).
Install belt through stationary idler (A)
and clutching idler (B).
Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves
and inside all belt guides and keepers.
Install mower (See “TO INSTALL MOW-
ER” in this section of manual).
3.
4.
N a DI
TRANSAXLE MOTIONCONTROLLEVER
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT
The motion control lever has been preset
at the factory and adjustment should not
be necessary.
1. Loosen adjustment bolt in front of the
right rear wheel, and lightly tighten.
2. Start engine and move motion control
lever until tractor does not move forward
or backward.
Hold motion control lever in that position
and turn engine off.
While holding motion control lever in
place, loosen the adjustment bolt.
Move motion control lever to the neutral
(N) (lock gate) position.
6. Tighten adjustment bolt securely.
NOTE: If additional clearance is needed to
get to adjustment bolt, move mower deck
height to the lowest position.
After above adjustment is made, if the trac-
tor still creeps forward or backward while
motion control lever is in neutral position,
follow these steps:
Loosen the adjustment bolt.
Move the motion control lever 1/4 to 1/2
inch in the direction it is trying to creep.
Tighten adjustment bolt securely.
Start engine and test.
If tractor still creeps, repeat above steps
until satisfied.
a A ©
pw №:
Motion Control
mm | Lock Gate
TO REMOVE WHEEL
1. Block up axle securely.
2. Remove axle cover, retaining ring and
washers to allow wheel removal (rear
wheels have a square key - Do not lose).
3. Repair tire and reassemble.
Washers
Retaining
Axle Ring
Cover.
Square
Key Te
(Rear Wheel Only)
NOTE: On rearwheels only: align grooves in
rear wheel hub and axle. Insert square key.
4. Replace washers and snap retainingring
securely in axle groove.
5. Replace axle cover.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
flat tires due to slow leaks, purchase and
usetire sealant from Sears. Tire sealant also
prevents tire dry rot and corrosion.
FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/?CAMBER
Your new tractor front wheel toe-in and cam-
ber is set at the factory and is normal. The
front wheel toe-in and camber are not adjust-
able. If damage has occurred to affect the
factory set front wheel toe-in orcamber, con-
tact a Sears or other qualified service center.
TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK
BATTERY
@ WARNING: Lead-acid batteries gener-
ate explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame
and smoking materials away from batteries.
Always wear eye protection when around
batteries.
If your battery is too weak to start the engine,
it should be recharged. (See "BATTERY" in
the MAINTENANCE section of this manual).
If “jumper cables” are used for emergency
starting, follow this procedure:
IMPORTANT: Your tractor is equipped with
a 12 volt system. The other vehicle must also
be a 12 volt system. Do not use your tractor
battery to start other vehicles.
TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES -
1. Connectone end ofthe RED cable tothe
POSITIVE (+) terminal of each battery(A-
B), taking care not to short againsttractor
chassis.
2. Connect one end of the BLACK cable
to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal (C) of fully
charged battery.
3. Connect the other end of the BLACK
cable (D) to good chassis ground, away
from fuel tank and battery.
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE ORDER -
1. BLACK cable first from chassis and then
from the fully charged battery.
2. RED cable last from both batteries.
REPLACING BATTERY
ÁN WARNING: Do not short battery termi-
nals by allowing awrench or any other object
to contact both terminals at the same time.
Before connecting battery, remove metal
bracelets, wristwatch bands, rings, etc.
Positive terminal must be connected first to
prevent sparking from accidental grounding.
1. Lift seat pan to raised position.
2. Remove terminal cover.
3. Disconnect BLACK battery cable then
RED battery cable and carefully remove
battery from tractor.
4. Install new battery with terminals in same
position as old battery.
5. Reinstall terminal cover.
6. First connect RED battery cable to posi-
tive (+) battery terminal with bolt and nut
as shown. Tighten securely.
7. ConnectBLACK grounding cable to nega-
tive (-) battery terminal with remaining
bolt and nut. Tighten securely
8. Lower seat pan.
Terminal Nut
Cover Negative Bolt
(Black) J
Cable “es
Positive i La lc A.
(Red) o = =
Cable +=
TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB
1. Raise hood.
2. Remove bulb holder from the hole in the
backside of the grill.
3. Replace bulb in holder and install bulb
holder securely back into the hole in the
backside of the grill.
4. Close hood.
INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS
Loose or damaged wiring may cause your
tractor to run poorly, stop running, or prevent
it from starting.
* Check wiring.
TO REPLACE FUSE
Replace with 30 amp eutomotive-type plug-
in fuse. The fuse holder is located behind
the dash.
TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL
ASSEMBLY
1. Raise hood.
2. Unsnap headlight wire connector.
3. Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at
sides, tilt toward engine and lift off of
tractor.
4, When replacing hood, be sure to recon-
nect the headlight wire connector.
Hood
Headlight
Wire
Connector
TRANSMISSION REMOVAL/
REPLACEMENT
Should your transmission require removal for
service or replacement, it should be purged
after reinstallation and before operating the
tractor. See “PURGE TRANSMISSION” in
the Operation section of this manual.
ENGINE
TO ADJUST THROTTLE CONTROL
CABLE
The throttle control has been preset at
the factory and adjustment should not be
necessary Check adjustment as described
below before loosening cable. If adjustment
is necessary, see engine manual.
TO ADJUST CHOKE CONTROL
The choke control has been preset at the
factory and adjustment should not be neces-
sary. If adjustment is necessary, see engine
manual.
25
STORAGE
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage
at the end of the season or if the tractor will
not be used for 30 days or more.
WARNING: Never store the tractor with
gasoline in the tank inside a building where
fumes may reach an open flame or spark.
Allow the engine to cool before storing in
any enclosure.
TRACTOR
Remove mower from tractor for winter stor-
age. When mower is to be stored fora period
of time, clean it thoroughly, remove all dint,
grease, leaves, etc. Storein a clean, dry area.
1. Clean entire tractor (See “CLEANING” in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
Inspect and replace belts, if necessary
(See belt replacement instructions in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual).
Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance
section of this manual.
Ensure that all nuts, bolts and screws
are securely fastened. Inspect moving
parts for damage, breakage and wear.
Replace if necessary.
Touch up all rusted or chipped paint
surfaces; sand lightly before painting.
ATTERY
Fully charge the battery for storage.
After a period of time in storage, battery
may require recharging.
To help prevent corrosion and power
leakage during long periods of storage,
battery cables should be disconnected
and battery cleaned thoroughly (see “TO
CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS” in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
After cleaning, leave cables disconnected
and place cables where they cannotcome
in contact with battery terminals.
if battery is removed from tractor for
storage, do not store battery directly on
concrete or damp surfaces.
If unit is equipped with battery indicator/
charging plug, an optional charging unit
may be purchased and connected to the
unit to charge the battery during long term
storage. Inspect and clean the battery
terminals as needed prior to long term
storage with charger connected.
2.
5.
B
26
ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: № is important to prevent
gum deposits from forming in essential fuel
system parts such as carburetor, fuel hose,
ortank during storage. Also, alcohol blended
fuels (called gasohol or using ethanol or
methanol) can attract moisture which leads
to separation and formation of acids during
storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel
system of an engine while in storage.
* Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine
and letting it run until the fuel lines and
carburetor are empty.
* Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
* Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptabie ai-
ternative in minimizing the formation of fuel
gum deposits during storage. Add stabilizer
to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container.
Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer
container. Run engine at least 10 minutes
after adding stabilizerto allow the stabilizerto
reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas
tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace
with clean engine oil. (See “ENGINE” in the
Maintenance section of this manual).
CYLINDER(S)
1. Remove spark plug(s).
2. Pour one ounce (29.5 mL) of oil through
spark plug hole(s) into cylinder(s).
Turn ignition key to “START” position for
a few seconds to distribute oil.
4. Replace with new spark plug(s).
OTHER
* Do not store gasoline from one season to
another.
Replace your gasoline canif your can starts
to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline
will cause problems.
If possible, store your tractor indoors and
coveritto give protection from dust and dirt.
Cover your tractor with a suitable protec-
tive cover that does not retain moisture.
Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot breathe
which allows condensation to form and will
cause your tractor to rust.
IMPORTANT: Never cover tractor while
engine and exhaust areas are still warm.
3.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center.
PROBLEM CAUSE CORRECTION
Will not start 1 | Out of fuel. 1 | Flil fuel tank.
2 | Engine not “CHOKED" properly. | 2 | See “TO START ENGINE" in
Operation section.
3 | Engine flooded. 3 | Wait several minutes before
attempting to start.
4 | Bad spark plug. 4 | Replace spark plug.
5 | Dirty air filter. 5 | Clean/replace air filter.
6 | Dirty fuel filter. 6 | Replace fuel filter.
7 | Water in fuel. 7 | Empty fuel tank and carburetor,
refill tank with fresh gasoline and
replace fuel filter.
8 | Loose or damaged wiring. 8 | Check all wiring.
Engine valves out of adjustment. | 9 | Contact a Sears or other qualified
service center.
Hard to start 1 | Dirty air filter. 1 | Clean/replace air filter.
2 | Bad spark plug. 2 | Replace spark plug.
3 | Weak or dead battery. 3 | Recharge or replace battery.
4 | Dirty fuel filter. 4 | Replace fuel filter.
5 | Stale or dirty fuel. 5 | Empty fuel tank and refill tank with
fresh, clean gasoline.
Loose or damaged wiring. 6 | Check all wiring.
7 | Engine valves out of adjustment. | 7 | Contact a Sears or other qualified
service center.
Engine will not 1 | Brake pedal not depressed. 1 | Depress drake pedal.
PUTO 2 | Attachment clutch is engaged. 2 | Disengace attachment clutch.
3 | Weak or dead battery. 3 | Recharge or replace battery.
4 | Blown fuse. 4 | Replace fuse.
5 | Corroded battery terminals. 5 | Clean battery terminals.
6 | Loose or damaged wiring. 6 | Check all wiring.
7 | Faulty ignition switch. 7 | Check/replace ignition switch.
8 | Faulty solenoid or starter. 8 | Check/replace solenoid or starter.
9 raulty operator presence 9 | Contact a Sears or other qualified
switcn(es). servico center.
27
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center.
run when operator
leaves seat with
attachment clutch
engaged
control system.
PROBLEM CAUSE CORRECTION
Engine clicks but 1 | Weak or dead battery. 1 | Recharge or replace battery.
nO start 2 | Corroded battery terminals. 2 | Clean battery terminals.
3 | Loose or damaged wiring. 3 | Check all wiring.
4 | Faulty solenoid or starter. 4 | Check/replace solenoid or starter.
Loss of power 1 | Cutting too much grass/too fast. | 1 Esad cutting height/reduce
2 | Throttle in "CHOKE” position. 2 | Adjust throttle control.
Build-up of grass, leaves and Clean underside of mower
trash under mower. housing.
Dirty air filter. 4 | Clean/replace air filter.
Low oil level/dirty oil. Check oil level/change oil.
Faulty spark plug. 6 ru and regap or change spark
7 | Dirty fuel filter. Replace fuel filter.
Stale or dirty fuel. Empty fuel tank and refill tank with
fresh, clean gasoline.
9 | Water in fuel. 9 | Empty fuel tank and carburetor,
refill tank with fresh gasoline and
replace fuel filter.
10 | Spark plug wire loose. 10 a and tighten spark plug
11 | Dirty engine air screen/fins. 11 | Clean engine air screenffins.
12 | Dirty/clogged muffier. 12| Clean/replace muffler.
13 | Loose or damaged wiring. 13} Check all wiring.
14 | Engine valves out of adjustment. [14] Contact a Sears or other qualified
service center.
Excessive vibration Wom, bent or loose blade. 1 | Replace blade. Tighten blade balt.
2 | Bent blade mandrel. 2 | Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
3 | Loose/damaged part(s). 3 | Tighten loose part(s).
Replace damaged parts.
Engine continues to | 1 | Faulty operator-safety presence | 1 | Check wiring, switches and
connections. If not corrected,
contact a Sears or other qualified
service center.
A CAUTION: DO NOT
operate machine until
problem is corrected.
28
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center.
from buildup of grass, leaves, and
trash around mandrels.
PROBLEM CAUSE CORRECTION
Poor cut - uneven 1 | Wom, bent or loose blade. 1 { Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt |
cuttin
9 2 | Mower deck not level. Level mower deck.
Buildup of grass, leaves, and Clean underside of mower
trash under mower. housing.
4 | Bent blade mandrel. 4 | Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
5 | Clogged mower deck vent from | 5 | Clean around mandrels to
build-up ot grass, leaves, and open vent holes.
trash around mandrels.
Mower blades will 1 | Obstruction in clutch mechanism. | 1 | Remove obstruction.
not rotate
2 | Wom/damaged mower drive belt] 2 | Replace mower drive belt.
3 | Frozen idler pulley. 3 | Replace idler pulley.
4 | Frozen blade mandrel. 4 | Contact a Sears or other
qualified service center.
Poor grass 1 | Engine speed too slow. 1 | Place throttle contro! in “FAST”
discharge position.
2 | Travel speed too fast. 2 | Shift to slower speed.
3 | Wet grass. 3 | Allow grass to dry before mowing.
4 | Mower deck not level. 4 | Level mcwer deck.
5 | Low/uneven tire air pressure. 5 | Check tires for proper PSI.
6 | Wom, bent or loose blade. 6 | Replace/sharpen blade. Tighten
blade bolt.
7 1 Buildup of grass, leaves and 7 | Clean underside of mower
trash under mower. housing.
Mower drive belt worn. Replace mower drive belt.
Blades improperly instalied. 9 | Reinstall blades sharp edge dowr:.!
10 | Improper blades used. 10| Replace with blades listed in |
| this manual.
11 | Clogged mower deck vent holes [11] Clean around mandrels to
open vent holes.
29
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center.
operate
discharge deflector is not
installed correctly.
PROBLEM CAUSE CORRECTION
Headlighi(s) not 1 | Light switch is “OFF”. 1 | Tum light switch “ON”.
workin
(if so equipped) 2 | Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out. 2 | Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).
3 | Faulty light switch. 3 | Check/replace light switch.
4 | Loose or damaged wiring. 4 | Check wiring and connections.
5 | Blown fuse. 5 | Replace fuse.
Battery will not 1 | Bad battery cell(s). 1 | Replace battery.
charge
9 2 | Poor cable connections. 2 | Check/clean all connections.
3 | Faulty regulator (if so equipped). | 3 | Replace regulator.
4 | Faulty alternator. 4 | Replace alternator.
Loss of drive 1 | Freewheel control in 1 | Place freewheel control in
"DISENGAGED” position. “ENGAGED” position.
2 | Debris on steering plate (if 2 | See "CLEANING" in the
equipped). maintenance section.
3 | Motion drive belt wom, damaged, {3 | Replace motion drive belt.
or broken.
4 | Air trapped in transmission during | 4 | Purge transmission.
shipment or servicing.
5 | Axle key missing. 5 | Install axle key at rear wheel. See
"TO REMOVE WHEEL" in the
Service and Adjustments section.
Engine “backfires” 1 | Engine throttle control not set] 1 | Move throttle control between
when turning between half and full speed (fast) half and full speed (fast) position
engine “OFF” position before stopping engine. before stopping engine.
Engine dies when 1 | Reverse operation system (ROS) | 1 | Turn ignition key to ROS "ОМ
tractor is shifted is not “ON” while mower or other position. See Operation section.
into reverse attachment is engaged.
Mower will not 1 | Bagger or optional rear 1 | Check bagger or optional rear
discharge deflector for proper
installation
30
SUGGESTED GUIDE FOR SIGHTING SLOPES FOR SAFE OPERATION
MEE ONLY RIDE UP AND DOWN HILL,
AN MU NOT ACROSS HILL
15 DEGREES MAX.
ddadddudas LD. - @ Г [| КРТ) Ll aña ddddadd ЕО []
PEERY EEE En Г) 6
WARNING: To avold serlous injury, operate your tractor up and
eee ] A down the face of slopes, never across the face. Do not mow
slopes greater than 15 degrees. Make turns gradually to prevent
tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when
changing direction on slopes.
1. Fold this page along dotted line indicated above.
2. Hold page before you so that its left edge is vertically parallel to a tree
trunk or other upright structure.
3. Sight across the fold in the direction of hill slope you want to measure.
4, Compare the angle of the fold with the slope of the hill.
31
|CRAFTSMAN |
08.27.14 AP Printed in the U.S.A.
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