commercial gas water heaters

commercial gas water heaters
Instruction Manual
commercial gas water heaters
MODELS JWSM and AJWSM
SERIES 118/119
INSTALLATION - OPERATION - SERVICE
- MAINTENANCE - LIMITED WARRANTY
599 Hill Street West
Fergus, ON Canada N1M 2X1
Low Lead Content
WARNING: If the information in these
instructions is not followed exactly, a fire
or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death.
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS:
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch;
not use any phone in your building.
do
• Immediately
call your gas supplier
from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the
gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot
reach your gas supplier,
call the fire department.
Installation and service must be
performed by a qualified installer,
service agency or the gas supplier.
Thank you for buying this energy efficient water heater.
We appreciate your confidence in our products.
Read and understand this instruction
manual and the safety messages
herein before installing, operating or
servicing this water heater.
Failure to follow these instructions and
safety messages could result in death
or serious injury.
This manual must remain with the
water heater.
place these instructions adjacent to heater and notify owner to keep for future reference.
PRINTED 1112
316314-004
Table Of Contents
Safe Installation, Use and Service���������������������������������������� 3
Outdoor Air Through Two Vertical Ducts���������������������������������������� 18
Approvals������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 3
Air From Other Indoor Spaces�������������������������������������������������������� 18
General Safety Information�������������������������������������������������4-5
Technical Data Venting��������������������������������������������������������������19-20
Precautions��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5
Mechanical Venting������������������������������������������������������������������������� 21
Grounding Instructions���������������������������������������������������������������������� 5
Water Heater Installation������������������������������������������������� 21-24
Hydrogen Gas Flammable���������������������������������������������������������������� 5
Water Line Connections������������������������������������������������������������������ 21
Introduction����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 6
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe�������������������������������������������������������������� 21
Abbreviations Used��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 6
Installation Diagrams - Top Inlet/Outlet Usage������������������������������� 22
Qualifications������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 6
Heater Wiring���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 23
Preparing for the Installation������������������������������������������������������������� 6
Gas Piping��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24
Features And Components�������������������������������������������������������� 7
Gas Line Leak Testing�������������������������������������������������������������������� 24
Self Cleaning System������������������������������������������������������������������������ 7
Purging�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24
High Limit Switch������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7
OPERATION���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 25
Electronic Ignition Control����������������������������������������������������������������� 7
Prior to Start Up������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 25
Automatic Flue Damper�������������������������������������������������������������������� 7
Sequence of operation������������������������������������������������������������ 25
Uncrating������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7
Sequence of Operation Flow Chart������������������������������������������������ 26
Installation Considerations����������������������������������������������� 8-12
Lighting & Operation Labels������������������������������������������������������ 27-28
Rough In Dimensions������������������������������������������������������������������������ 8
Adjustments������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 29
Locating The Water Heater������������������������������������������������������������� 10
Checking Venting���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 29
Clearances�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 10
Checking the Input�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 29
NSF Leg Kit��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������11
maintenance����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31
Insulation Blanket�����������������������������������������������������������������������������11
Venting System������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31
Hard Water���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������11
Remote Storage Tank Temperature Control����������������������������������� 31
Circulation Pumps�����������������������������������������������������������������������11-12
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve Test���������������������������������������� 31
High Altitude Installations................................................................ 12
Anode Rod Inspection��������������������������������������������������������������� 31-32
Installation Requirements����������������������������������������������������� 13
Draining and Flushing��������������������������������������������������������������������� 32
Gas Supply Systems........................................................................ 13
Recommended Procedure for Periodic Removal or Lime Deposits
from the Tank Type Commercial Water Heaters���������������������������� 32
Supply Gas Regulator��������������������������������������������������������������������� 13
Power Supply���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 13
DeLiming Solvents�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 33
Water Temperature Control and Mixing Valves������������������������������ 13
Tank Cleanout Procedure��������������������������������������������������������������� 33
Dishwashing Machines������������������������������������������������������������������� 14
Pilot Burner...................................................................................... 33
Closed Water Systems�������������������������������������������������������������������� 14
Main Burner...................................................................................... 34
Thermal Expansion������������������������������������������������������������������������� 14
Gas Control Valve............................................................................ 34
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve������������������������������������������ 14-15
service��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 34
Contaminated Air���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15
Electrical Servicing������������������������������������������������������������������������� 34
Air Requirements���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 15
Troubleshooting������������������������������������������������������������������������� 35
Unconfined Space��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16
Ignition Module................................................................................. 35
Confined Space������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16
Flue Damper..................................................................................... 35
Venting Installation������������������������������������������������������������������ 16
Effikal RVGP-KSF Series Flue Damper Trouble Shooting Guide......... 36
Venting�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16
Troubleshooting Checklist��������������������������������������������������������������� 37
Vent Reducer���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 16
For your information���������������������������������������������������������������� 38
Multiple Heater Manifold����������������������������������������������������������������� 17
Start up Conditions������������������������������������������������������������������������� 38
Fresh Air Opening for Confined Spaces����������������������������������������� 17
Operational Conditions������������������������������������������������������������������� 38
Outdoor Air Through Two Openings����������������������������������������������� 17
Water Piping Diagrams����������������������������������������������������������39-53
Outdoor Air Through One Opening������������������������������������������������ 17
Notes.................................................................................................. 54
Outdoor Air Through Two Horizontal Ducts������������������������������������ 17
Warranty���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 55
2
Safe Installation, Use and Service
The proper installation, use and servicing of this water heater is extremely important to your safety and the safety of others.
Many safety-related messages and instructions have been provided in this manual and on your own water heater to warn you and
others of a potential injury hazard. Read and obey all safety messages and instructions throughout this manual. It is very important
that the meaning of each safety message is understood by you and others who install, use, or service this water heater.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to
potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible
injury or death.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently
hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
will result in injury or death.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in injury or death.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result in
minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION used without the safety alert
symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result in
property damage.
All safety messages will generally tell you about the type of hazard, what can happen if you do not follow the safety message, and
how to avoid the risk of injury.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of substances
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires businesses to warn of
potential exposure to such substances.
Warning: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm. This appliance can cause low level exposure to some of the subs tances listed in the Act.
APPROVALS
Low Lead Content
Note: ASME construction is optional on the water heaters covered in this manual.
3
General Safety Information
Fire or Explosion Hazard
Fire Hazard
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and
liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
For continued protection against
risk of fire:
Avoid all ignition sources if you smell gas.
Do not expose water heater controls to excessive gas
pressure.
Do not install water heater on
carpeted floor.
Do not operate water heater if
flood damaged.
Use only the gas shown on the water heater rating label.
Maintain required clearances to combustibles.
Keep ignition sources away from faucets after extended
periods of non-use.
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Use joint compound or Teflon tape
compatible with propane gas.
Read instruction manual before
installing, using or servicing
water heater.
Leak test before placing the
water heater in operation.
Disconnect gas piping and main
gas shutoff valve before leak
testing.
Install sediment trap in
accordance with NFPA 54.
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Do not use water heater with any gas
other than the gas shown on the rating
label.
Excessive gas pressure to gas valve can
cause serious injury or death.
Turn off gas lines during installation.
Contact a qualified installer or service
agency for installation and service.
CAUTION
Property Damage Hazard
• All water heaters eventually leak.
Jumping out control circuits or components can
result in property damage, personal injury or death.
• Do not install without adequate drainage.
•
•
Electrical Shock Hazard
•
Turn off power to the water heater
before performing any service.
•
Label all wires prior to disconnecting
when performing service. Wiring errors
can cause improper and dangerous
operation.
•
•
Verify proper operation after servicing.
•
Service should only be performed by a qualified service
agent using proper test equipment.
Altering the water heater controls and/or wiring in any way
could result in permanent damage to the controls or water
heater and is not covered under the limited warranty.
Altering the water heater controls and/or wiring in any way
could result in altering the ignition sequence allowing gas to
flow to the main burner before the hot surface igniter is at
ignition temperature causing delayed ignition which can
cause a fire or explosion.
Any bypass or alteration of the water
heater controls and/or wiring will result
in voiding the water heater warranty.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in personal injury or death.
4
General Safety Information
Read and understand this instruction
manual and the safety messages
herein before installing, operating or
servicing this water heater.
Explosion Hazard
Overheated water can cause
water tank explosion.
Failure to follow these instructions and
safety messages could result in death
or serious injury.
Properly sized temperature and
pressure relief valve must be
installed in the opening provided.
This manual must remain with the
water heater.
CAUTION
Water temperature over 125°F (52°C)
can cause severe burns instantly
resulting in severe injury or death.
Improper installation, use and service may result
in property damage.
Children, the elderly and the
physically or mentally disabled are at
highest risk for scald injury.
•
•
•
•
•
Feel water before bathing or
showering.
Temperature limiting devices such as
mixing valves must be installed
when required by codes and to
ensure safe temperatures at fixtures.
Do not operate water heater if flood damaged.
Inspect anode rods regularly, replace if damaged.
Install in location with drainage.
Fill tank with water before operation.
Properly sized thermal expansion tanks are required on all
closed water systems.
Refer to this manual for installation and service.
Verify the power to the water heater is turned off before performing any service procedures.
General Safety Information
Precautions
Hydrogen Gas Flammable
DO NOT USE THIS water heater IF ANY PART HAS BEEN
UNDER WATER. Immediately call a qualified service agency
to inspect the water heater and to make a determination on
what steps should be taken next.
Explosion Hazard
If the unit is exposed to the following, do not operate heater
until all corrective steps have been made by a qualified
service agency.
Flammable hydrogen gases
may be present.
1. External fire.
Keep all ignition sources away
from faucet when turning on
hot water.
2. Damage.
3. Firing without water.
Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system served
by this water heater that has not been used for a long period of
time (generally two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely
flammable. To reduce the risk of injury under these conditions,
it is recommended that a hot water faucet served by this water
heater be opened for several minutes before using any electrical
appliance connected to the hot water system. If hydrogen is
present there will probably be an unusual sound such as air
escaping through the pipe as the water begins to flow. There
should be no smoking or open flame near the
faucet at the time it is open.
GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS
This water heater must be grounded in accordance with the
National Electrical Code and/or local codes. These must be
followed in all cases.
This water heater must be connected to a grounded, permanent
wiring system; or an equipment grounding conductor must be
run with the circuit conductors and connected to the equipment
grounding terminal or lead on the water heater, see Figure 20.
5
Introduction
Preparing For The Installation
Thank You for purchasing this water heater. Properly installed
and maintained, it should give you years of trouble free service.
1.Read the “General Safety” section, page 4-5 of this manual
first and then the entire manual carefully. If you don’t follow
the safety rules, the water heater will not operate properly.
It could cause DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY INJURY AND/OR
PROPERTY DAMAGE.
Abbreviations Used
Abbreviations found in this Instruction Manual include :
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ANSI - American National Standards Institute
ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
AHRI - Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute
NEC - National Electrical Code
NFPA - National Fire Protection Association
UL - Underwriters Laboratory
CSA - Canadian Standards Association
Qualifications
This manual contains instructions for the installation, operation,
and the maintenance of the gas-fired water heater. It also
contains warnings throughout the manual that you must read
and be aware of. All warnings and all instructions are essential to
the proper operation of the water heater and your safety. Since
we cannot put everything on the first few pages, READ THE
ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO INSTALL OR
OPERATE THE WATER HEATER.
2. The installation must conform with these instructions and the
local code authority having jurisdiction. In the absence of local
codes, the installation must comply with the current editions
of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 or CAN/
CSA-B149.1 the Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code.
All documents are available from the Canadian Standards
Association, 8501 East Pleasant Valley Road, Cleveland,
OH 44131. NFPA documents are also available from the
National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269.
Qualified Installer or Service Agency
Installation and service of this water heater requires ability
equivalent to that of a Qualified Agency (as defined by ANSI
below) in the field involved. Installation skills such as plumbing,
air supply, venting, gas supply and electrical supply are required
in addition to electrical testing skills when performing service.
ANSI Z223.1 2006 Sec. 3.3.83: “Qualified Agency” - “Any
individual, firm, corporation or company that either in person or
through a representative is engaged in and is responsible for (a)
the installation, testing or replacement of gas piping or (b) the
connection, installation, testing, repair or servicing of appliances
and equipment; that is experienced in such work; that is familiar
with all precautions required; and that has complied with all the
requirements of the authority having jurisdiction.”
3. If after reading this manual you have any questions or do
not understand any portion of the instructions, call the local
gas utility or the manufacturer whose name appears on the
rating plate.
4. Carefully plan the place where you are going to put the water
heater. Correct combustion, vent action, and vent pipe installation
are very important in preventing death from possible carbon
monoxide poisoning and fires.
If you are not qualified (as defined by ANSI above) and licensed
or certified as required by the authority having jurisdiction
to perform a given task do not attempt to perform any of the
procedures described in this manual. If you do not understand
the instructions given in this manual do not attempt to perform
any procedures outlined in this manual.
Examine the location to ensure the water heater complies with
the “Locating the New Water Heater” section in this manual.
6
FEATURES AND COMPONENTS
self-cleaning system
creating a spark at the pilot assembly. See Figure 3. Pilot gas is
ignited and burns during each running cycle. The main burner
and pilot gases are cut off during the OFF cycle. Pilot gas
ignition is proven by the pilot sensor. Main burner ignition will
not occur if the pilot sensor does not first sense pilot ignition.
These units include a Self-Cleaning System installed in the front
water inlet, See Figure 1. The inlet tube can only be used in the
front water inlet connection. Do not install the inlet tube in either
the top or back inlet water connection. The inlet tube must be
oriented correctly for proper function. There is a marked range
on pipe nipple portion of the inlet tube, that must be aligned with
top of inlet spud. A label above the jacket hole has an arrow that
will point to marked portion of pipe nipple if the orientation is
correct. If the arrow does not point within the marked range on pipe
nipple, adjust the pipe nipple to correct. A pipe union is supplied to
reduce probability of misaligning while tightening the connection
to inlet water supply line. Improper orientation can cause poor
performance of heater and can significantly reduce outlet water
temperatures during heavy draws.
IGNITION MODULE
FIGURE 3.
Note: The inlet tube may have 1, 3 or 7 cross tubes.
FIGURE 1.
AUTOMATIC FLUE DAMPER
high limit switch
All units are equipped with an automatic flue damper that
reduces heat loss during the OFF cycles.
The digital thermostat (Figure 2) contains the high limit (energy
cutout) switch. The high limit switch interrupts main burner gas
flow should the water temperature reach 203°F (95°C).
Each automatic flue damper drive assembly is equipped with a
“Service Switch”, as shown in Figure 4
In the event of high limit switch operation, the water heater
cannot be restarted unless the water temperature is reduced to
approximately 120°F (49°C). The high limit reset button on the
front of the control then needs to be depressed.
T h e “ S e r v i c e S w i tc h” h a s 2 p o s i t i o n s: AU TO M AT I C
OPERATION and HOLD OPEN DAMPER. For normal operation
the switch should be in the AUTOMATIC OPERATION position.
If there is a problem with the damper the “Service Switch” can
be placed in the HOLD OPEN DAMPER position. When the
switch is placed in the HOLD OPEN DAMPER position the
damper disc will rotate to the open position and the heater
may be used until vent assembly is repaired or replaced. DO
NOT turn the damper disc manually; damage will occur to
the drive assembly if operated manually. Refer to TESTING
DAMPER OPERATION section of this manual for additional
information.
Continued manual resetting of high limit control, preceded by
higher than usual water temperature is evidence of high limit
switch operation. The following is a possible reason for high limit
switch operation:
• A malfunction in the thermostatic controls would allow the gas
control valve to remain open causing water temperature to
exceed the thermostat setting. The water temperature would
continue to rise until high limit switch operation.
Contact your dealer or service agent if continued high limit switch
operation occurs.
FLUE DAMPER
FIGURE 4.
DIGITAL THERMOSTAT
uncrating
FIGURE 2.
The heater is shipped with the flue damper already installed. The
wiring conduit runs from the thermostat to the damper drive cover.
Before turning unit on, check to make sure the wiring conduit is
securely plugged into damper drive.
electronic ignition control
Each heater is equipped with a Honeywell ignition module. The
solid state ignition control ignites the pilot burner gas by
7
installation considerations
Rough In Dimensions
See Models Below
*JWSM71120 Models are approved for 5” (13 cm) venting using a 6” (15 cm) to 5” (13 cm) reducer.
FIGURE 5.
TABLE 1. JWSM71120 THROUGH (A) JWSM100390
CONNECTIONS
INLET
OUTLET
Approximate
ship. Weight
FRONT BACK
STD.
ASME
.50”
.50”
400 Lbs
182 Kg
N/A
N/A
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
.50”
.50”
470 Lbs
213 Kg
N/A
N/A
1.50”
1.50”
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
.50”
.50”
603 Lbs
273 Kg
N/A
N/A
1/2” 54.62” 6” 27.75” 1.50”
1/2” 139cm 15cm 71 cm 1.50”
1.50”
1.50”
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
.50”
.50”
470 Lbs
213 Kg
N/A
N/A
55.87” 19.75” 23”
142cm 50cm 58cm
1/2” 56.38” 6” 30.25” 1.50”
1/2” 143cm 15cm 77cm 1.50”
2.00”
2.00”
2.00” 1.50” 2.00”
2.00” 1.50” 2.00”
2.00” 630 Lbs 725 Lbs
2.00” 286 Kg 329 Kg
65.75”
167cm
57.25” 20.00”
145cm 51cm
1/2” 58.75
8” 27.75”
1/2” 149cm 20cm 70cm
N/A
N/A
1.50”
1.50”
1.50”
1.50”
1.50”
1.50”
1.50” 750 Lbs 862 Lbs
1.50” 341 Kg 391 Kg
4.50”
12cm
65.13”
165cm
23”
55.87” 19.75”
58cm
142cm 50cm
1/2” 56.38” 8” 30.25” 1.50”
1/2” 143cm 20cm 77cm 1.50”
2.00”
2.00”
2.00” 1.50” 2.00”
2.00” 1.50” 2.00”
2.00” 630 Lbs 725 Lbs
2.00” 286 Kg 329 Kg
65 Gal
246 L
75.00” 4.50”
191 cm 12cm
65.75”
167cm
57.25” 20.00”
145cm 51cm
1/2” 58.75
8” 27.75”
1/2” 149cm 20 cm 70 cm
N/A
N/A
1.50”
1.50”
1 .50”
1.50”
1.50”
1.50”
1.50” 750 Lbs 862 Lbs
1.50” 341 Kg 391 Kg
365,000 BTU/Hr
107 kW/Hr
85 Gal
322 L
79.50”
202cm
4.50”
12cm
70.25”
178cm
62.50” 22.50” 23”
159cm 57cm 58cm
3/4” 63.00
8” 27.75” 1.50”
3/4” 160cm 20cm 70cm 1.50”
1.50”
1.50”
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
1.50” 725 Lbs 833 Lbs
1.50” 329 Kg 379 Kg
390,000 BTU/Hr
114 kW/Hr
100 Gal 75.50”
379 L 192cm
4.50”
12cm
67.50”
171cm
58.25” 26.75” 23”
148cm 68cm 58cm
3/4” 59.00” 8” 30.25” 1.50”
3/4” 150cm 20cm 77cm 1.50”
2.00”
2.00”
2.00” 1.50” 2.00”
2.00” 1.50” 2.00”
2.00” 760 Lbs 874 Lbs
2.00” 345 Kg 396 Kg
APPROX
TANK
CAP.
A
JWSM71120
120,000 BTU/Hr.
35 Kw/Hr
71 Gal
268 L
69.75”
177cm
4.25”
11cm
59.50”
151cm
50.87” 19.69” 19” 48 1/2” 51.88” 6” 27.75” 1.50”
129cm 50cm
cm
1/2” 132cm 15cm 71 cm 1.50”
1.50”
1.50”
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
1.50” 1.50” 1.50”
JWSM81154
154,000 BTU/Hr
45 Kw/Hr
81 Gal
307 L
73.00”
185cm
4.25”
11cm
66.50”
169cm
57.87” 19.69” 19”
147cm 50cm 48cm
1/2” 59.00” 6” 27.75” 1.50”
1/2” 150cm 15cm 71 cm 1.50”
1.50”
1.50”
JWSM95199
199,000 BTU/Hr
58 kW/Hr
100 Gal 75.00”
379 L 192cm
4.50”
12cm
70.00”
178cm
61.62” 20.50” 21”
157cm 52cm 53cm
1/2” 62.62” 6” 27.75” 1.50”
1/2” 159cm 15cm 71 cm 1.50”
JWSM76199
199,000 BTU/Hr
58 kW/Hr
81 Gal
307 L
67.50” 4.50”
171 cm 12cm
62.00”
157cm
53.62” 20.50” 21”
136cm 52cm 53cm
(A)JWSM100199
199,000 BTU/Hr
58 kW/Hr
100 Gal 72.00”
379 L 183cm
4.50”
12cm
65.13”
165cm
(A)JWSM65251
251, 000 BTU/Hr
73 kW/Hr
65 Gal
246 L
75.00” 4.50”
191 cm 12cm
(A)JWSM100275
275,000 BTU/Hr
80 kW/Hr
100 Gal 72.00”
379 L 183cm
(A)JWSM65305
305,000 BTU/Hr
89 kW/Hr
(A)JWSM65365
(A)JWSM100390
B
C
D
E
GAS
INLET
G
VENT
DIA
I
INPUT RATE
BTU/Hr.
MODEL
F
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
8
H
J
TOP
TOP FRONT BACK
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
installation considerations
TABLE 2. JWSM & AJWSM MODELS
MODEL
INPUT RATE
BTUH
APPROX.
GAL. CAP.
EFF.
%
RECOVERY RATING CAPACITIES (GPH AND LPH)
60° F 70° F 80° F 90° F 100° F 110° F 120° F 130° F 140° F
30° F
40° F
50° F
(-)1°C
4°C
10° C
15° C
21° C
27° C
32° C
38° C
43° C
49° C
54° C
60° C
JWSM71120
120,000 BTUH
35 Kw/Hr
71 Gal
268 L
80
388
1469
291
1102
233
882
194
734
166
628
145
549
129
488
116
439
106
401
97
367
90
41
83
314
JWSM81154
154,000 BTUH
45 Kw/Hr
81 Gal
306 L
80
498
1885
373
1412
299
1132
249
943
213
806
187
708
166
628
149
564
136
515
124
469
115
435
107
405
JWSM95199
199,000 BTUH
58 Kw/Hr
95 Gal
360 L
80
643
2434
482
1825
386
1461
322
1219
276
1045
241
912
214
810
193
731
175
662
161
609
148
560
132
500
JWSM76199
199,000 BTUH 5
8 Kw/Hr
76 Gal
288 L
80
614
2324
461
1745
368
1393
307
1162
263
996
230
871
205
776
184
697
167
632
154
583
142
538
132
500
(A)JWSM100199
199,000 BTUH
58 Kw/Hr
100 Gal
379 L
80
643
2434
482
1825
386
1461
322
1219
276
1045
241
912
214
810
193
731
175
662
161
609
148
560
132
500
(A)JWSM65251
251,000 BTUH
73 Kw/Hr
65 Gal
246 L
80
811
3071
608
2303
487
1843
406
1536
348
1316
304
1152
270
1024
243
921
221
838
203
768
187
709
174
658
(A)JWSM100275
275,000 BTUH
80 Kw/Hr
100 Gal
379 L
80
889
3365
667
2524
533
2019
444
1682
381
1442
333
1262
296
1122
267
1009
242
918
222
841
205
776
190
721
(A)JWSM65-05
305,000 BTUH
89 Kw/Hr
65 Gal
246 L
80
986
3732
739
2799
592
2239
493
1866
423
1599
370
1399
329
1244
296
1120
269
1018
246
933
228
861
211
800
(A)JWSM65365
365,000 BTUH
107 Kw/Hr
65 Gal
246 L
80
1164
4405
873
3304
698
2643
582
2202
499
1888
436
1652
388
1468
349
1321
317
1201
291
1101
269
1016
249
944
(A)JWSM100390
390,000 BTUH
114 Kw/Hr
100 Gal
379 L
80
1293
4894
970
3671
776
2936
646
2447
554
2097
485
1835
431
1631
388
1468
353
1335
323
1224
298
1129
277
1049
Table 3. GAS AND ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Gas Supply Pressure
Model
Type of Gas
Minimum
Maximum
Gas Manifold Pressure
Volts/Hz
Amperes
All Models
Natural
4.5" W.C. (1.12 kPa)
14" W.C. (3.48 kPa)
3.5" W.C. (0.87 kPa)
120/60
<5
All Models
Propane
11.0" W.C. (2.74kPa)
14" W.C. (3.48kPa)
10.0" W.C. (2.49 kPa)
120/60
<5
9
Installation Considerations
locating the water heater
The heater shall be located or protected so it is not subject to physical
damage by a moving vehicle.
CAUTION
Flammable items, pressurized containers or any other potential
fire hazardous articles must never be placed on or adjacent to
the heater. Open containers or flammable material should not be
stored or used in the same room with the heater.
Property Damage Hazard
• All water heaters eventually leak.
The heater must not be located in an area where it will be subject
to freezing.
• Do not install without adequate drainage.
Locate it near a floor drain. The heater should be located in an
area where leakage from heater or connections will not result in
damage to adjacent area or to lower floors of the structure.
When installing the heater, consideration must be given to proper
location. Location selected should be as close to the stack or chimney
as practicable, with adequate air supply and as centralized with the
piping system as possible.
When such locations cannot be avoided, a suitable metal drain pan
should be installed under heater. Such pans should be fabricated
with sides at least 2” deep, with length and width at least 2” greater
than diameter of heater and must be piped to an adequate drain.
Pan must not restrict combustion air flow.
Fire or Explosion Hazard
clearances
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and
liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
These heaters are approved for installation on combustible flooring
in an alcove when the minimum clearance from combustion or
non-combustible construction are followed as indicated in Figure 6
and Table 4.
Avoid all ignition sources if you smell gas.
Do not expose water heater controls to excessive gas
pressure.
In all installations the minimum combustible clearances from draft
hood surface or vent piping shall be 6” (152mm). Vent piping passing
through a combustible wall or ceiling must be a continuous run
(no joints) and retain 6” (152mm) clearance unless an approved
reducing thimble is used.
Use only the gas shown on the water heater rating label.
Maintain required clearances to combustibles.
Keep ignition sources away from faucets after extended
periods of non-use.
A service clearance of 24” (610mm) should be maintained from
serviceable parts, such as relief valves, baffles, thermostats, cleanout
openings or drain valves.
Read instruction manual before
installing, using or servicing
water heater.
Table 4. Installation Clearances
A
B
(RIGHT SIDE) (LEFT SIDE)
There is a risk in using fuel burning appliances such as gas water
heaters in rooms, garages or other areas where gasoline, other
flammable liquids or engine driven equipment or vehicles are stored,
operated or repaired. Flammable vapors are heavy and travel along
the floor and may be ignited by the heater’s igniter or main burner
flames causing fire or explosion. Some local codes permit operation
of gas appliances in such areas if they are installed 18” or more
above the floor. This may reduce the risk if location in such an area
cannot be avoided.
C
(BACK)
D
(CEILING)
JWSM71120
1” (2.54 cm) 1” (2.54 cm) 1” (2.54 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
JWSM81154
2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
JWSM95199
1” (2.54 cm) 1” (2.54 cm) 1” (2.54 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
JWSM76199
2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
(A)JWSM100199 1” (2.54 cm) 1” (2.54 cm) 1” (2.54 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
(A)JWSM65251
Do not install this water heater directly on a carpeted floor. A fire
hazard may result. Instead the water heater must be placed on a
metal or wood panel extending beyond the full width and depth by at
least 3 inches in any direction. If the heater is installed in a carpeted
alcove, the entire floor shall be covered by the panel. Also, see the
DRAINING requirements in MAINTENANCE Section.
2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
(A)JWSM100275 2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
(A)JWSM65305
2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 2” (5.08 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
(A)JWSM65365
4” (10.16 cm) 4” (10.16 cm) 4” (10.16 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
(A)JWSM100390 3” (7.75 cm) 3” (7.75 cm) 3” (7.75 cm) 12” (30.48 cm)
10
INSULATION BLANKET
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
Do not obstruct water heater air intake
with insulating blanket.
Gas and carbon monoxide detectors
are available.
Install water heater in accordance with
the instruction manual.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or
death. Always read and understand instruction manual.
Insulation blankets are available to the general public for external
use on gas water heaters but are not necessary with these
products. The purpose of an insulation blanket is to reduce the
standby heat loss encountered with storage tank heaters. The
water heaters covered by this manual meet or exceed the Energy
Policy Act standards with respect to insulation and standby heat
loss requirements, making an insulation blanket unnecessary.
Should you choose to apply an insulation blanket to this
heater, you should follow these instructions. See the Features
and Components section of this manual for identification of
components mentioned below. Failure to follow these instructions
can restrict the air flow required for proper combustion, potentially
resulting in fire, asphyxiation, serious personal injury or death.
• DO NOT apply insulation to the top of the water heater, as
this will interfere with safe operation of the draft hood.
• DO NOT cover the gas control valve, thermostat or the
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve.
• DO NOT allow insulation to come within 2” (5 cm) of the
burners, to prevent blockage of combustion air flow to the
burners.
• DO NOT allow insulation to come within 9 inches (23 cm)
of floor, (within 2 inches (5 cm) of bottom cover) to prevent
blockage of combustion air flow to the burners..
• DO NOT cover the instruction manual. Keep it on the side of
the water heater or nearby for future reference.
• DO obtain new warning and instruction labels from the
manufacturer for placement on the blanket directly over the
existing labels.
• DO inspect the insulation blanket frequently to make certain
it does not sag, thereby obstructing combustion air flow.
FIGURE 6.
NSF LEG KIT
The NSF Leg Kit (part number 9003425205) is needed only
for applications that must conform to NSF/ANSI Standard 5.
Installation of the NSF leg kit will increase the height of the unit
and all connection points by 3 inches. See Figure 7.
Follow these steps to install the Leg Kit:
1. Unit needs to be lifted in a way not to damage unit or laid on
it’s side to access the bottom of the legs.
2. Slide leg extension under leg and the bolt up through the
bottom hole located in the bottom of the leg.
3. Once in place, screw nut down and secure.
4. Front of leg should line up with front of leg extension as
shown to make sure weight of unit is distributed through the
leg extension.
HARD WATER
Where hard water conditions exist, water softening or the
threshold type of water treatment is recommended. This will
protect the dishwashers, coffee urns, water heaters, water piping
and other equipment.
See the Maintenance Section in this manual for sediment and
lime scale removal procedures.
Circulation pumps
A circulating pump is used when a system requires a circulating
loop or there is a storage tank used in conjunction with the water
heater. See Water Piping Diagrams in this manual for installation
location of circulating pumps.
See the Circulation Pump Wiring Diagrams in this manual for
electrical hookup information. Install in accordance with the
current edition of the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70 or the
Canadian Electrical Code, CSA C22.1.
All-bronze circulating pumps are recommended for used with
commercial water heaters.
Some circulating pumps are manufactured with sealed bearings
and do not require further lubrication. Some circulating pumps
FIGURE 7.
11
must be periodically oiled. Refer to the pump manufacturer’s
instructions for lubrication requirements.
CIRCULATING PUMP WIRING DIAGRAM
CIRCULATING PUMP WIRING DIAGRAM
STORAGE TANK OR BUILDING RECIRCULATION
DISHWASHER
LOOP -WITH
TOGGLE
SWITCH Gas
Breathing
Hazard
Carbon
Monoxide
FIELD SUPPLIED TEMPERATURE CONTROL
INSTALLED IN THE STORAGE TANK
OR CIRCULATING LOOP RETURN LINE
DISHWASHER
FIELD
SUPPLIED TEMPERATURE
Under no
circumstances
should
TOGGLE
CONTROL INSTALLED IN THE
the
input
exceed
the
rate
shown LINE
SWITCH
CIRCULATING LOOP RETURN
on the water heater’s rating label.
NOTE: USE SEPARATE 120 VAC POWER
SUPPLY FOR PUMP CIRCUIT. DO NOT
SHARE POWER WITH WATER HEATER AS THIS
MAY CAUSE ELECTRICAL LINE NOISE AND
LEAD TO ERRATIC CONTROL SYSTEM
OPERATION.
NOTE: USE SEPARATE 120 VAC POWER
SUPPLY FOR PUMP CIRCUIT. DO NOT SHARE
POWER WITH WATER HEATER AS THIS MAY
CAUSE ELECTRICAL LINE NOISE AND LEAD
TO ERRATIC CONTROL SYSTEM OPERATION.
Overfiring could result in damage to
the water heater and sooting.
L1 HOT
Gas and carbon monoxide detectors
are available.
L1 HOT
120 VAC
POWER
CIRC
PUMP
MOTOR
120 VAC
CIRC
Breathing
carbon monoxide can cause brain
damage or
POWER
PUMP
death. Always read and understand instruction
MOTOR manual.
L2 NEUTRAL
L2 NEUTRAL
FIGURE 8.
Installations above 2000 feet (610 meters) require
replacement of burner orifices in accordance with current
edition of the National Fuel Gas Code (ansi z223.1). For
Canadian installations consult Canadian Installations Code
can/csa b149.1. Failure to replace orifices will result in
improper and inefficient operation of the water heater resulting
in the production of increased levels of carbon monoxide gas
in excess of safe limits which could result in serious personal
injury or death.
CIRCULATING PUMP WIRING DIAGRAM
DISHWASHER LOOP WITH TOGGLE SWITCH
ONTROL
DISHWASHER
TOGGLE
SWITCH
NE
FIELD SUPPLIED TEMPERATURE
CONTROL INSTALLED IN THE
CIRCULATING LOOP RETURN LINE
NOTE: USE SEPARATE 120 VAC POWER
SUPPLY FOR PUMP CIRCUIT. DO NOT SHARE
POWER WITH WATER HEATER AS THIS MAY
CAUSE ELECTRICAL LINE NOISE AND LEAD
TO ERRATIC CONTROL SYSTEM OPERATION.
L1 HOT
You should contact your gas supplier for any specific changes
which may be required in your area.
120 VAC
POWER
CIRC
PUMP
MOTOR
As the elevation above sea level is increased, there is less
oxygen per cubic foot of air. Therefore, the heater input rate
should be reduced at high altitudes for satisfactory operation
with the reduced oxygen supply. Failure to make this reduction
would result in an over firing of the heater causing sooting,
poor combustion and/or unsatisfactory heater performance.
L2 NEUTRAL
FIGURE 9.
HIGH ALTITUDE INSTALLATIONS
Ratings specified by manufacturers for most appliances apply
for elevations up to 2000 feet (610m). For elevations above
2000 feet (610), ratings must be reduced at the rate of 4%
for each 1000 feet (305m) above sea level. For example, if a
heater is rated at 78,000 Btuh (22.9 Kwh) at sea level, to rate
the heater at 4000 feet (1219m), you subtract 4 (once for each
thousand feet) x.04 (4% input reduction) x 78,000 (original
rating) from the original rating.
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Under no circumstances should the
input exceed the rate shown on the
water heater’s rating label.
Overfiring could result in fire or
explosion.
Gas and carbon monoxide detectors are
available.
Therefore, to calculate the input rating at 4,000 feet (1219m):
4 x .04 x 78,000 = 12,480 Btuh (3.7 Kwh), 78,000 (22.9 Kwh) 12,480 (3.7 Kwh) = 65,520 Btuh (19.2 Kwh). At 6000 feet (1829m)
the correct input rating should be 59,280 Btuh (17.4 Kwh).
12
Installation Requirements
5.
Gas supply Systems
Low pressure building gas supply systems are defined as those
systems that cannot under any circumstances exceed 14”
W.C. (1/2 PSI Gauge). These systems do not require pressure
regulation. Measurements should be taken to insure that gas
pressures are stable and fall within the requirements stated on
the water heater rating plate. Readings should be taken with
all gas burning equipment off (static pressure) and with all gas
burning equipment running at maximum rate (dynamic pressure).
The gas supply pressure must be stable within 1.5” W.C.
from static to dynamic pressure to provide good performance.
Pressure drops that exceed 1.5” W.C. may cause rough starting,
noisy combustion or nuisance outages. Increases or spikes
in static pressure during off cycles may cause failure to ignite
or in severe cases damage to appliance gas valves. If your
low pressure system does NOT meet these requirements, the
installer is responsible for the corrections.
later to maintain a steady gas supply pressure.
When installing multiple water heaters in the same gas supply
system it is recommended that individual positive lock-up gas
pressure regulators be installed at each unit.
Power Supply
The water heaters covered in this manual require a 120 VAC,
1Ø (single phase), 60Hz, 15 amp power supply and must also
be electrically grounded in accordance with local codes or, in
the absence of local codes, with the National Electrical Code,
ANSI/NFPA 70 or the Canadian Electrical Code, CSA C22.1.
WATER TEMPERATURE CONTROL AND Mixing Valves
Water temperature over 125°F (52°C)
can cause severe burns instantly
resulting in severe injury or death.
High Pressure building supply systems use pressures that
exceed 14” W.C. (1/2 PSI Gauge). These systems must use field
supplied regulators to lower the gas pressure to less than 14”
W.C. (1/2 PSI Gauge). Water heaters require gas regulators that
are properly sized for the water heater input and deliver the rating
plate specified pressures. Gas supply systems where pressure
exceeds 5 PSI often require multiple regulators to achieve desired
pressures. Systems in excess of 5 PSI building pressure should
be designed by gas delivery professionals for best performance.
Water heaters connected to gas supply systems that exceed 14”
W.C. (1/2 PSI Gauge) at any time must be equipped with a gas
supply regulator.
Children, the elderly and the
physically or mentally disabled are at
highest risk for scald injury.
Feel water before bathing or showering.
Temperature limiting devices such as
mixing valves must be installed
when required by codes and to
ensure safe temperatures at fixtures.
Water heated to a temperature which will satisfy clothes washing, dish
washing, and other sanitizing needs can scald and cause permanent
injury upon contact. Short repeated heating cycles caused by small
hot water uses can cause temperatures at the point of use to exceed
the water heater’s temperature setting by up to 20°F (11°C).
All models require a minimum gas supply pressure of 4.5" W.C. for
natural gas and 11.0" W.C. for propane gas. The minimum supply
pressure is measured while gas is flowing (dynamic pressure).
The supply pressure should never fall below 4.5" W.C. for natural
gas and 11.0" W.C. for propane gas. The supply pressure should
be measured with all gas fired appliances connected to the
common main firing at full capacity. If the supply pressure drops
more than 1.5” W.C. as gas begins to flow to the water heater
then the supply gas system including the gas line and/or the
gas regulator may be restricted or undersized. See Supply Gas
Regulator section and Gas Piping section of this manual. The gas
valve on all models has a maximum gas supply pressure limit of
14” W.C. The maximum supply pressure is measured while gas is
not flowing (static pressure).
Some people are more likely to be permanently injured by hot water
than others. These include the elderly, children, the infirm and the
physically/mentally disabled. Table 6 shows approximate time-to-burn
relationship for normal adult skin. If anyone using hot water provided
by the water heater being installed fits into one of these groups or if
there is a local code or state law requiring a certain water temperature
at the point of use, then special precautions must be taken.
In addition to using the lowest possible temperature setting that
satisfies the demand of the application a Mixing Valve should be
installed at the water heater (see Figure 10) or at the hot water taps
to further reduce system water temperature.
SUPPLY GAS REGULATOR
The maximum allowable gas supply pressure for this water heater
is 14 inches W.C. (3.48 kPa). Install a positive lock-up gas pressure
regulator in the gas supply line if inlet gas pressure can exceed 14
inches W.C. (3.48 kPa) at any time. Regulators must be sized/used
according to manufacturer’s specifications.
If a positive lock-up regulator is required follow these instructions:
1. Positive lock-up gas pressure regulators must be rated at or above
the input Btu/hr rating of the water heater they supply.
2. Supply gas regulators shall have inlet and outlet connections not less
than the minimum supply gas line size for the water heater they
supply. See Table 7 on page 24.
3. Positive lock-up gas pressure regulator(s) should be installed no closer
than 3 equivalent feet (1 meter) and no farther than 8 equivalent
feet (2.4 meters) from water heater’s inlet gas connection.
4. After installing the positive lock-up gas pressure regulator(s) an
initial nominal supply pressure setting of 7.0” W.C. while the water
heater is operating is recommended and will generally provide good
water heater operation. Some addition adjustment maybe required
Mixing valves are available at plumbing supply stores. Consult a
Qualified Installer or Service Agency. Follow mixing valve manufacturer’s
instructions for installation of the valves.
Table 5.
Water Temperature °F
Time for 1st Degree Burn
(Less Severe Burns)
110
116
116
122
131
140
149
154
(normal shower temp.)
(pain threshold)
35 minutes
1 minute
5 seconds
2 seconds
1 second
instantaneous
Time for Permanent Burns
2nd & 3rd Degree
(Most Severe Burns)
45 minutes
5 minutes
25 seconds
5 seconds
2 seconds
1 second
(U.S. Government Memorandum, C.P.S.C., Peter L. Armstrong, Sept. 15,1978)
13
A properly sized thermal expansion tank must be installed on
all closed systems to control the harmful effects of thermal
expansion. Contact a local plumbing service agency to have a
thermal expansion tank installed.
HOT WATER
OUTLET
See Water Line Connections on page 21 and the Water Piping
Diagrams beginning on page 40.
12” TO 15”
(30-38 cm)
TEMPERED WATER
OUTLET
Temperature-pressure relief valve
CHECK
VALVE
COLD
WATER
INLET
CHECK
VALVE
Explosion Hazard
MIXING
VALVE
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
must comply with ANSI Z21.22CSA 4.4 and ASME code.
TO TANK
INLET
Properly sized temperaturepressure relief valve must be
installed in opening provided.
FIGURE 10.
Dishwashing Machines
Can result in overheating and
excessive tank pressure.
All dishwashing machines meeting the National Sanitation
Foundation requirements are designed to operate with water flow
pressures between 15 and 25 pounds per square inch (103 kPa
and 173 kPa). Flow pressures above 25 pounds per square inch
(173 kPa), or below 15 pounds per square inch (103 kPa), will
result in improperly sanitized dishes. Where pressures are high,
a water pressure reducing or flow regulating control valve should
be used in the 180°F (82°C) line to the dishwashing machine and
should be adjusted to deliver water pressure between these limits.
Can cause serious injury or death.
This water heater is provided with a properly rated/sized and certified
combination Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve (T&P valve) by
the manufacturer. The valve is certified by a nationally recognized
testing laboratory that maintains periodic inspection of production
of listed equipment of materials as meeting the requirements for
Pressure Relief Valves for Hot Water Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22
• CSA 4.4, and the code requirements of ASME.
The National Sanitation Foundation also recommends circulation
of 180°F (82°C) water. The circulation flow rate should be just
enough to provide 180°F (82°C) water at the point of take-off to
the dishwashing machine.
If replaced, the new T&P valve must meet the requirements
of local codes, but not less than a combination TemperaturePressure Relief Valve rated/sized and certified as indicated in
the above paragraph. The new valve must be marked with a
maximum set pressure not to exceed the marked hydrostatic
working pressure of the water heater (150 psi = 1,035 kPa) and
a discharge capacity not less than the water heater Btu/hr or kW
input rate as shown on the water heater’s model rating label.
Adjust flow by throttling a full port ball valve installed in the
circulating line on the outlet side of the pump. Never throttle flow
on the suction side of a pump. See Water Piping Diagrams in
this manual.
Note: These water heaters meet the NSF Standard 5 for
sanitary installations when used with the leg kit part number
9003425205.
NOTE: In addition to the factory installed Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve on the water heater, each remote storage tank that
may be installed and piped to a water heating appliance must also
have its own properly sized, rated and approved TemperaturePressure Relief Valve installed. Call the toll free technical
support phone number listed on the back cover of this manual
for technical assistance in sizing a Temperature-Pressure Relief
Valve for remote storage tanks.
Closed Water Systems
Water supply systems may, because of code requirements
or such conditions as high line pressure, among others, have
installed devices such as pressure reducing valves, check
valves, and back flow preventers. Devices such as these cause
the water system to be a closed system.
For safe operation of the water heater, the Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve must not be removed from its designated opening
nor plugged. The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve must be
installed directly into the fitting of the water heater designed for
the pressure relief valve . Install discharge piping so that any
discharge will exit the pipe within 6 inches (15.2 cm) above an
adequate floor drain, or external to the building. In cold climates
it is recommended that it be terminated at an adequate drain
inside the building. Be certain that no contact is made with any
live electrical part. The discharge opening must not be blocked
or reduced in size under any circumstances. Excessive length,
over 30 feet (9.14 m), or use of more than four elbows can cause
restriction and reduce the discharge capacity of the valve.
Thermal Expansion
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In a closed
system the volume of water will grow when it is heated. As the
volume of water grows there will be a corresponding increase
in water pressure due to thermal expansion. Thermal expansion
can cause premature tank failure (leakage). This type of failure
is not covered under the limited warranty. Thermal expansion
can also cause intermittent Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
operation: water discharged from the valve due to excessive
pressure build up. This condition is not covered under the limited
warranty. The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve is not intended
for the constant relief of thermal expansion.
14
Contaminated Air
No valve or other obstruction is to be placed between the
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve and the tank. Do not connect
discharge piping directly to the drain unless a 6” (15.2 cm)
air gap is provided. To prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or
property damage, the relief valve must be allowed to discharge
water in adequate quantities should circumstances demand. If
the discharge pipe is not connected to a drain or other suitable
means, the water flow may cause property damage.
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
Install water heater in accordance with
the Instruction Manual and NFPA 54 or
CAN/CSA-B149.1.
To avoid injury, combustion and ventilation
air must be taken from outdoors.
Do not place chemical vapor emitting
products near water heater.
CAUTION
Water Damage Hazard
• Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve discharge
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or
death. Always read and understand instruction manual.
pipe must terminate at adequate drain.
Corrosion of the flue ways and vent system may occur if air for
combustion contains certain chemical vapors. Such corrosion
may result in failure and risk of asphyxiation.
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe Requirements:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the
valve, or have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
• Shall not be exposed to freezing temperatures.
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both
the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve and the discharge
pipe.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor
drain or external to the building. In cold climates, it is
recommended that the discharge pipe be terminated at an
adequate drain inside the building.
• Shall not have any valve or other obstruction between the
pressure relief valve and the drain.
Combustion air that is contaminated can greatly diminish the life
span of the water heater and water heater components such as
hot surface igniters and burners. Propellants of aerosol sprays,
beauty shop supplies, water softener chemicals and chemicals
used in dry cleaning processes that are present in the combustion,
ventilation or ambient air can cause such damage.
Do not store products of this sort near the water heater. Air which
is brought in contact with the water heater should not contain any
of these chemicals. If necessary, uncontaminated air should be
obtained from remote or outdoor sources. The limited warranty
is voided when failure of water heater is due to a corrosive
atmosphere. (See limited warranty for complete terms and
conditions).
Air requirements
Burn hazard.
Hot water discharge.
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
Install water heater in accordance with
the Instruction Manual and NFPA 54 or
CAN/CSA-B149.1.
To avoid injury, combustion and ventilation
air must be taken from outdoors.
Do not place chemical vapor emitting
products near water heater.
Keep clear of TemperaturePressure Relief Valve
discharge outlet.
The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve must be manually operated
at least twice a year. Caution should be taken to ensure that (1) no
one is in front of or around the outlet of the Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve discharge line, and (2) the water manually discharged
will not cause any bodily injury or property damage because
the water may be extremely hot. If after manually operating the
valve, it fails to completely reset and continues to release water,
immediately close the cold water inlet to the water heater, follow the
draining instructions in this manual, and replace the TemperaturePressure Relief Valve with a properly rated/sized new one.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or
death. Always read and understand instruction manual.
For safe operation an adequate supply of fresh uncontaminated
air for combustion and ventilation must be provided.
An insufficient supply of air can cause recirculation of combustion
products resulting in contamination that may be hazardous to
life. Such a condition often will result in a yellow, luminous burner
flame, causing sooting of the combustion chamber, burners and
flue tubes and creates a risk of asphyxiation.
NOTE: The purpose of a Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve is to
prevent excessive temperatures and pressures in the storage tank.
The T&P valve is not intended for the constant relief of thermal
expansion. A properly sized thermal expansion tank must be
installed on all closed systems to control thermal expansion, see
Closed Water Systems and Thermal Expansion on page 14.
Do not install the water heater in a confined space unless an
adequate supply of air for combustion and ventilation is brought
in to that space using the methods described in the Confined
Space section that follows.
If you do not understand these instructions or have any questions
regarding the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve call the toll
free number listed on the back cover of this manual for technical
assistance.
Never obstruct the flow of ventilation air. If you have any doubts
or questions at all, call your gas supplier. Failure to provide the
proper amount of combustion air can result in a fire or explosion
and cause property damage, serious bodily injury or death.
15
Unconfined Space
Direct Vent Appliances
An Unconfined Space is one whose volume IS NOT LESS THAN
50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu/hr (4.8 cubic meters per kW) of the
total input rating of all appliances installed in the space. Rooms
communicating directly with the space, in which the appliances
are installed, through openings not furnished with doors, are
considered a part of the unconfined space.
Appliances installed in a Direct Vent configuration that derive all
air for combustion from the outdoor atmosphere through sealed
intake air piping are not factored in the total appliance input Btu/
hr calculations used to determine the size of openings providing
fresh air into confined spaces.
Makeup air requirements for the operation of exhaust fans,
kitchen ventilation systems, clothes dryers and fireplaces shall
also be considered in determining the adequacy of a space to
provide combustion, ventilation and dilution air.
Where exhaust fans are installed, additional air shall be provided
to replace the exhausted air. When an exhaust fan is installed
in the same space with a water heater, sufficient openings to
provide fresh air must be provided that accommodate the
requirements for all appliances in the room and the exhaust fan.
Undersized openings will cause air to be drawn into the room
through the water heater’s vent system causing poor combustion.
Sooting, serious damage to the water heater and the risk of fire
or explosion may result. It can also create a risk of asphyxiation.
Exhaust Fans
Unusually Tight Construction
In unconfined spaces in buildings, infiltration may be adequate
to provide air for combustion, ventilation and dilution of flue
gases. However, in buildings of unusually tight construction (for
example, weather stripping, heavily insulated, caulked, vapor
barrier, etc.) additional air must be provided using the methods
described in the Confined Space section that follows.
Louvers and Grilles
The free areas of the fresh air openings in the instructions that
follow do not take in to account the presence of louvers, grilles or
screens in the openings.
Confined Space
The required size of openings for combustion, ventilation and
dilution air shall be based on the “net free area” of each opening.
Where the free area through a design of louver or grille or screen
is known, it shall be used in calculating the size of opening
required to provide the free area specified. Where the louver and
grille design and free area are not known, it shall be assumed
that wood louvers will have 25% free area and metal louvers and
grilles will have 75% free area. Non motorized louvers and grilles
shall be fixed in the open position.
A Confined Space is one whose volume is less than 50 cubic
feet per 1,000 Btu/hr (4.8 cubic meters per kW) of the total input
rating of all appliances installed in the space.
Openings must be installed to provide fresh air for combustion,
ventilation and dilution in confined spaces. The required size for
the openings is dependent on the method used to provide fresh
air to the confined space and the total Btu/hr input rating of all
appliances installed in the space.
VENTING INSTALLATION
venting
Each adapter fits on top of the installed flue damper. Use only vent
reducers supplied with the unit. The venting must comply with the
current editions of the NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE, ANSI Z223.1/
NFPA 54 or NATURAL GAS AND PROPANE INSTALLATION
CODE CAN/CSA-B149.1
THE INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS SECTION ON VENTING MUST
BE FOLLOWED TO AVOID CHOKED COMBUSTION OR
RECIRCULATION OF FLUE GASES. SUCH CONDITIONS CAUSE
SOOTING OR RISKS OF FIRE AND ASPHYXIATION.
Heater must be protected from freezing downdrafts.
Remove all soot or other obstructions from the chimney that will retard
a free draft.
Type B venting is recommended with these heaters. For typical venting
application see TECHNICAL DATA VENTING on pages 19 and 20.
This water heater must be vented in compliance with all local codes,
the current revision of the National Fuel Gas Code (ANSI-Z223.1) and
with the Category I Venting Tables.
If any part of the vent system are exposed to ambient temperatures
below 40°F (4°C ) it must be insulated to prevent condensation.
• Do not connect the heater to a common vent or chimney with solid
fuel burning equipment. This practice is prohibited by many local
building codes as is the practice of venting gas fired equipment to
the duct work of ventilation systems.
FIGURE 11.
• Where a separate vent connection is not available and the vent pipe
from the heater must be connected to a common vent with an oil
burning furnace, the vent pipe should enter the smaller common
vent or chimney at a point above the large vent pipe.
VENT REDUCER
Model JWSM71120 is shipped with a 6" to 5" flue outlet adapter.
Models (A)JWSM65250, & (A)JWSM100275 are shipped with a 8" to
6" flue outlet adapter.
FIGURE 12.
16
Multiple heater manifold
Outdoor Air Through One Opening
Figure 13 and tables on pages 19 and 20 should be used for
horizontally manifolding two or more heaters.
Figure 15.
Alternatively a single permanent opening, commencing within 12
inches (300 mm) of the top of the enclosure, shall be provided.
See Figure 14. The water heater shall have clearances of at
least 1 inch (25 mm) from the sides and back and 6 inches (l50
mm) from the front of the water heater. The opening shall directly
communicate with the outdoors or shall communicate through a
vertical or horizontal duct to the outdoors or spaces that freely
communicate with the outdoors and shall have a minimum free
area of the following:
1. 1 square inch per 3000 Btu/hr (733 mm2 per kW) of the total input
rating of all appliances located in the enclosure, and
2. Not less than the sum of the areas of all vent connectors in the space.
FIGURE 13.
Fresh Air Openings For Confined Spaces
The following instructions shall be used to calculate the size,
number and placement of openings providing fresh air for
combustion, ventilation and dilution in confined spaces. The
illustrations shown in this section of the manual are a reference
for the openings that provide fresh air into confined spaces
only. DO NOT refer to these illustrations for the purpose of vent
installation. See Venting Installation on page 16 for complete
venting installation instructions.
Outdoor Air Through Two Horizontal Ducts
Outdoor Air Through Two Openings
Figure 16.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent
horizontal ducts, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of
the top and one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the
bottom of the enclosure. The horizontal ducts shall communicate
directly with the outdoors. See Figure 16.
Figure 14.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent
openings, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top
and one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of
the enclosure. The openings shall communicate directly with the
outdoors. See Figure 14.
Each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 4,000 Btu/hr (550 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input rating
of all appliances installed in the enclosure. Each opening shall
not be less than 100 square inches (645 cm2).
Each duct opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square
inch per 2,000 Btu/hr (1100 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input
rating of all appliances installed in the enclosure.
When ducts are used, they shall be of the same cross sectional
area as the free area of the openings to which they connect.
The minimum dimension of rectangular air ducts shall be not less
than 3 inches.
17
Outdoor Air Through Two Vertical Ducts
When ducts are used, they shall be of the same cross sectional
area as the free area of the openings to which they connect.
The minimum dimension of rectangular air ducts shall be not less
than 3 inches.
The illustrations shown in this section of the manual are a
reference for the openings that provide fresh air into confined
spaces only.
Air From Other Indoor Spaces
Do not refer to these illustrations for the purpose of vent
installation. See Venting Installation on page 14 for complete
venting installation instructions.
Figure 18.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent
openings, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top
and one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of
the enclosure. See Figure 18.
Figure 17.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent vertical
ducts, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top and
one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of the
enclosure. The vertical ducts shall communicate directly with the
outdoors. See Figure 17.
Each opening shall communicate directly with an additional
room(s) of sufficient volume so that the combined volume of all
spaces meets the criteria for an Unconfined Space.
Each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 1,000 Btu/hr (2200 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input rating
of all appliances installed in the enclosure. Each opening shall
not be less than 100 square inches (645 cm2).
Each duct opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square
inch per 4,000 Btu/hr (550 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input
rating of all appliances installed in the enclosure.
18
Table 6. TECHNICAL DATA VENTING
TYPE B GAS VENT
Multiple Gas Fired Tank-Type Heaters
When venting mutiple tank type heaters using Type B vent
pipe, follow the installation diagram (figure 8) and tables below
which give sizing and data based upon NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.
MODEL JWSM71120
Input: 120,000 Btuh
Total Vent Height (Feet)
Draft Hood: 5”
Number of Heaters
2
3
4
6
8
10
15
20
30
50
100
Input Btuh
Rise
120,000
1 Ft.
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
120,000
2 Ft.
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5
123,000
3 Ft.
6
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
Combined Input in
Thousands of Btuh
Vent Connector Diameter (inches)
Manifold and Common Vent Diameter (In inches)
240
10
8
8
7
7
7
6
7
360
10
10
10
10
8
8
7
7
480
12
12
12
10
10
10
8
8
6
8
50
100
MODEL JWSM95199, JWSM76199, & (A)JWSM100199
Input: 199,000 Btuh
Total Vent Height (Feet)
Draft Hood: 6”
Input Btuh
Number of Heaters
2
3
4
Rise
10
15
20
30
Vent Connector Diameter (in inches)
199,000
-
-
8
8
8
8
8
7
199,000
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
190,000
8
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
197,000
8
7
7
7
7
7
7
6
199,000
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
6
Combined Input in
Thousands of Btuh
Manifold & Common Vent Diameter
358
10
10
10
10
8
8
7
7
380
12
10
10
10
10
8
7
7
394/398
12
10
10
10
10
8
8
7
537
14
12
12
12
10
10
10
8
570
14
12
12
12
10
10
10
10
591/597
14
14
12
12
12
10
10
10
716
14
14
14
12
12
12
10
10
760
16
14
14
14
12
12
10
10
788/796
16
14
14
14
12
12
12
10
19
TECHNICAL DATA VENTING, TABLE 6 (Continued)
MODEL (A)JWSM65251
Input: 251,000 Btuh
Draft Hood: 6”
Number
of Heaters
Input Btuh
251,000
251,000
251,000
Combined Input in
Thousands of Btuh
2
3
4
502
753
1004
Rise
1 Ft.
3 Ft.
14
14
18
6
Rise
2 Ft.
3 Ft.
Input Btuh
275,000
275,000
Combined Input in
Thousands of Btuh
550
825
1100
Number
of Heaters
Input Btuh
315,000
305,000
365,000
Combined Input in
Thousands of Btuh
2
3
4
610
915
1220
2
3
4
100
8
8
7
-
12
14
16
12
14
16
10
12
14
10
12
14
10
12
14
8
10
12
Total Vent Height (Feet)
8
10
15
20
30
50
Vent Connector Diameter (in inches)
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
10
12
100
8
8
Manifold & Common Vent Diameter
-
Rise
1 Ft.
2 Ft.
3 Ft.
6
10
10
-
-
12
14
16
10
14
14
10
12
14
10
12
12
Total Vent Height (Feet)
8
10
15
20
30
50
Vent Connector Diameter (inches)
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
8
10
10
10
10
8
8
10
12
12
100
10
8
8
Manifold and Common Vent Diameter (In inches)
14
16
18
MODEL (A)JWSM65365, (A)JWSM100390
Input: 365,000, 399,000 Btuh
Draft Hood: 8”
Number
of Heaters
-
Total Vent Height (Feet)
8
10
15
20
30
50
Vent Connector Diameter (inches)
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
7
Manifold and Common Vent Diameter (In inches)
MODEL (A)JWSM100275
Input: 275,000 Btuh
Draft Hood: 6”
Number
of Heaters
2
3
4
MODEL (A)JWSM65305
Input: 305,000 Btuh
Draft Hood: 8”
6
6
Rise
1 Ft.
Input Btuh
365,000
400,000
365,000
400,000
365,000
400,000
Combined Input in
Thousands of Btuh
730
800
1095
1200
1460
1600
2 Ft.
3 Ft.
12
12
10
12
14
16
18
12
16
16
12
14
16
12
14
16
10
12
14
10
12
14
Total Vent Height (Feet)
8
10
15
20
30
50
Vent Connector Diameter (in inches)
10
10
10
12
10
10
10
10
10
12
12
12
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
8
12
12
100
10
10
10
10
10
10
Manifold & Common Vent Diameter (inches)
14
16
18
18
20
22
20
14
14
18
18
20
20
14
14
16
18
18
20
12
14
16
16
18
18
12
12
14
16
16
18
12
12
14
14
16
16
10
10
12
14
14
14
10
10
12
12
12
14
Mechanical venting
grounding shall be done in accordance with the current edition
of the Canadian Electrical Code CSA C22.1 and/or local codes.
SINGLE UNIT INSTALLATION
VENT INSTALLATION
When mechanical venting of these heaters is desired, the
following kits are available.
Seal all joints between the power venter and the vent
termination. This is to prevent leakage of exhaust products
into the room(s) due to positive pressure of blower.
Models with inputs of 120,000 btuh through 200,000 btuh
part number 9005381205
The “Sequence of Operation” description will be the same with
mechanical venting except;
Models with inputs from 250,000 btuh through 399,000 btuh
part number 9003434205
When the water heater thermostat calls for heat:
Where an approved power venter is to be installed to operate
in conjunction with the water heater thermostat, the following
codes must be adhered to. Field wiring should conform to
the current edition of the National Electrical Code NFPA 70.
For Canadian installations the electrical connections and
Thermostat contacts “Close” and the power venter blower
(120 VAC) is energized. Sufficient draft must be established
for the “Draft Prover Switch (N.O.)” to “Close”. When the
draft prover switch “Closes” the relay coil of the flue damper
is energized.
water heater installation
Water Line Connections
Water Piping Diagrams
This manual provides detailed water piping diagrams for typical
methods of application for the water heaters, see Water Piping
Diagrams beginning on page 40.
The water piping installation must conform to these instructions
and to all local code authority having jurisdiction. Good practice
requires that all heavy piping be supported.
The water heater may be installed by itself, or with a separate
storage tank. When used with a separate storage tank, the
circulation may be either by gravity or by means of circulating
pump. Adjust flow by throttling a full port ball valve installed in the
circulating line on the outlet side of the pump. Never throttle flow
on the suction side of a pump. See the Water Piping Diagrams
beginning on page 40.
Read and observe all requirements in the following sections
before installation of the water piping begins:
1. Water Temperature Control and Mixing Valves on page 13.
2. Dishwashing Machines on page 14.
3. Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve on page 14-15.
4. Closed Systems and Thermal Expansion on page 14.
Note: In addition to the factory installed Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve (T&P valve) on the water heater, each remote
storage tank that may be installed and piped to a water heating
appliance must also have its own properly sized, rated and
approved Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve installed.
5. For multiple water heater installations see Water Piping
Diagrams beginning on page 40.
Water (potable) Heating And Space Heating
Call the toll free technical support phone number listed on the
back cover of this manual for further assistance in sizing a T&P
valve for remote storage tanks.
1. All piping components connected to this unit for space
heating applications shall be suitable for use with potable
water.
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe
2. Toxic chemicals, such as those used for boiler treatment,
shall NEVER be introduced into this system.
3. This unit may NEVER be connected to any existing heating
system or component(s) previously used with a non-potable
water heating appliance.
Explosion Hazard
4. When the system requires water for space heating at
temperatures higher than required for domestic water
purposes, a tempering valve must be installed. Please
refer to installation diagrams beginning on page 40 of this
manual for suggested piping arrangements.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
must comply with ANSI Z21.22CSA 4.4 and ASME code.
5. These water heaters cannot be used in space heating
applications only
Properly sized temperaturepressure relief valve must be
installed in opening provided.
Thermometers (not Supplied)
Can result in overheating and
excessive tank pressure.
Thermometers should be obtained and field installed as shown
in the installation diagrams.
Can cause serious injury or death.
Thermometers are installed in the system as a means of
detecting the temperature of the outlet water supply.
21
This water heater is provided with a properly rated/sized and
certified combination temperature - pressure (T&P) relief valve by
the manufacturer. See Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve on pages
14-15 for information on replacement and other requirements.
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve and the discharge pipe.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor
drain or external to the building. In cold climates, it is
recommended that the discharge pipe be terminated at an
adequate drain inside the building.
CAUTION
Water Damage Hazard
• Shall not have any valve or other obstruction between the
relief valve and the drain.
• Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve discharge
Installation Diagrams - Top Inlet/Outlet Usage
pipe must terminate at adequate drain.
Use of the top inlet water connection requires an inlet dip tube
(refer to figure 19). The tube is supplied in the heater. Follow
caution labels if applying heat to this fitting. Do not allow pipe
dope to contact the plastic tube during installation.
Install a discharge pipe between the T&P valve discharge
opening and a suitable floor drain. Do not connect discharge
piping directly to the drain unless a 6” (15.2 cm) air gap is
provided. To prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or property
damage, the relief valve must be allowed to discharge water
in adequate quantities should circumstances demand. If the
discharge pipe is not connected to a drain or other suitable
means, the water flow may cause property damage.
Tube Inlet Installation
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe Requirements:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the
valve, or have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
• Shall not be exposed to freezing temperatures.
Figure 19.
22
heater wiring
All electrical work must be installed in accordance with the current edition of the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA No. 70 or Canadian Electrical
Code CSA C22.1 and must conform to all local code authority having jurisdiction. AN ELECTRICAL GROUND IS REQUIRED TO REDUCE RISK OF
ELECTRICAL SHOCK OR POSSIBLE ELECTROCUTION.
If any of the original wire as supplied with the water heater must be replaced, use only type 105°C thermoplastic or equivalent 2500C type F must be
used for the flame sensor and igniter leads.
The controls of this water heater are polarity sensitive. Be certain to properly wire the hot and neutral connections.
DAMPER
DRIVE
4 2
11E79
24 NEUTRAL
Y
BLK
DAMPER
DRIVE
24 VAC
24 VAC TO IGNITION CONTROL
1 3
LINE
IN
X
4
3
BLK
2
1
R
ON/OFF
SWITCH
BLK
W
LOWER
PROBE
120 vac
W
NEUTRAL
MV/PV
PV
MV
PV
MV
TH TR
UPPER
PROBE/ECO
W
PROPANE
GAS
VALVE
R
BL
BLK
MV
MV/PV
PV
GND-BURNER
24 V GND
24 V
SPARKER
LEGEND:
W--WHITE
BLK--BLACK
BL--BLUE
R--RED
Y--YELLOW
W
BL
HONEYWELL IGNITION
Y
C
P
M
NATURAL
GAS
VALVE
FACTORY WIRED
BY INSTALLER
O
IF ANY OF THE ORIGINAL WIRE AS SUPPLIED MUST BE REPLACED, USE ONLY TYPE 105 C
O
THERMOPLASTIC OR EQUIVALENT. FLAME SENSOR IGNITION CABLE MUST BE 250 C TYPE F.
FIGURE 20.
23
GAS PIPING
Gas Meter Size – Natural Gases Only
Contact your local gas service company to ensure that adequate
gas service is available and to review applicable installation codes
for your area.
Be sure the gas meter has sufficient capacity to supply the full rated
gas input of the water heater as well as the requirements of all other
gas fired equipment supplied by the meter. If gas meter is too small, ask
the gas company to install a larger meter having adequate capacity.
Size the main gas line in accordance with Table 7. The figures shown
are for straight lengths of pipe at 0.5 in. W.C. pressure drop, which is
considered normal for low pressure systems. Note: Fittings such as
elbows, tees and line regulators will add to the pipe pressure drop.
Also refer to the latest version of the National Fuel Gas Code.
GAS PIPING AND SEDIMENT TRAP INSTALLATION
Schedule 40 Steel or Wrought Iron Pipe is the preferred material
for the gas line of this water heater. It is imperative to follow the
sizing recommendations in the latest version of the National Fuel
Gas Code if Corrugated Stainless Steel Tubing (CSST) is used as
the gas line for this water heater.
The heater is not intended for operation at higher than 14.0" W.C.natural gas, (1/2 pound per square inch gage) supply gas pressure.
Exposure to higher supply pressure may cause damage to the
gas valve which could result in fire or explosion. If overpressure
has occurred such as through improper testing of gas lines or
emergency malfunction of the supply system, the gas valve must be
checked for safe operation. Make sure that the outside vents on the
supply regulators and the safety vent valves are protected against
blockage. These are parts of the gas supply system, not the heater.
Vent blockage may occur during ice storms.
FIGURE 21.
Gas Line Leak Testing
Table 7. GAS SUPPLY PIPE LENGTHS (IN FEET)
Maximum Equivalent Pipe Length - Natural Gas Only
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Schedule 40 Steel or Wrought Iron Pipe
Input rate
(BTU/HR)
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1 1/4"
1 1/2"
120,000
20
70
200
200
200
154,000
10
40
150
200
200
180,000
30
100
200
200
199,000
30
90
200
200
250,000
20
60
200
200
275,000
10
50
200
200
310,000
10
40
150
200
366,000
30
100
200
390,000
20
100
200
Fitting Type*
Equivalent length in feet
45°Ell
0.7
1.0
1.2
1.6
1.9
90°Ell
1.6
2.1
2.6
3.5
4.0
Tee
3.1
4.1
5.2
6.9
8.0
Natural Gas 0.60 Specific Gravity, 0.50" W.C. Pressure Drop
*Screwed Fittings
Use joint compound or Teflon tape
compatible with propane gas.
Leak test before placing the water
heater in operation.
Disconnect gas piping and main gas
shutoff valve before leak testing.
Install sediment trap in accordance
with NFPA 54.
Any time work is done on the gas supply system perform a leak test
to avoid the possibility of fire or explosion.
1.For test pressures exceeding 1/2 psi (3.45 kPa) disconnect the
water heater and its Main Gas Shutoff Valve from the gas supply
piping system during testing, see Figure 21. The gas supply line
must be capped when disconnected from the water heater.
It is important to guard against gas valve fouling from contaminants in
gas ways. Such fouling may cause improper operation, fire or explosion.
2.For test pressures of 1/2 psi (3.45 kpa) or less, the water heater
need not be disconnected, but must be isolated from the supply
gas line by closing the Main Gas Shutoff Valve during testing.
If copper supply lines are used they must be internally tinned and
certified for gas service. Before attaching the gas line, be sure that
all gas pipe is clean on the inside.
3.Coat all supply gas line joints and connections upstream of the
water heater with a non-corrosive soap and water solution to
test for leaks. Bubbles indicate a gas leak. Do not use matches,
candles, flame or other sources of ignition for this purpose.
To trap any dirt or foreign material in the gas supply line, a sediment
trap must be incorporated in the piping (see Figure 21). The sediment
trap must be readily accessible and not subject to freezing conditions.
Install in accordance with recommendations of serving gas suppliers.
Refer to the latest version of the National Fuel Gas Code.
4.Repair any leaks before placing the water heater in operation.
Purging
To prevent damage, care must be taken not to apply too much torque
when attaching gas supply pipe to gas valve inlet.
Gas line purging is required with new piping or systems in which air
has entered.
Apply joint compounds (pipe dope) sparingly and only to the male
threads of pipe joints. Do not apply compounds to the first two threads.
Use compounds resistant to the action of liquefied petroleum gases.
Purging should be performed per the current edition of NFPA 54 the
National Fuel Gas Code.
24
OPERATION
Light the water heater in accordance with the Lighting and
Operation Instruction label on the water heater and in this manual
on pages 27 and 28.
Fire or Explosion Hazard
The water heaters covered by this manual are equipped with
an electronic control system that automatically sequences
the Igniter, the 24 VAC Gas Valve, the Burner ignition, and
flame sensing.
Gas line purging is required with new piping or systems in
which air has entered.
To avoid risk of fire or explosion purge discharge must not
enter into confined areas or spaces where ignition can occur.
Before attempting start up, thoroughly study and know the exact
Sequence Of Operation. See written Sequence Of Operation on
page 25 and Sequence Of Operation Flow Chart on page 26.
The area must be well ventilated and all sources of ignition
must be deactivated or removed.
Be certain that the water heater is full of water, that air is purged
from the gas and water lines and that there are no leaks in the
gas and water lines. Ensure all inlet water valves are open.
Filling The Water Heater
Read instruction manual before
installing, using or servicing
water heater.
Follow these steps to fill the water heater prior to start up.
1. Close the heater drain valve.
2. Open a nearby hot water faucet to permit air in system to escape.
3. Fully open the cold water inlet valve allowing the piping and
water heater to fill with water.
Prior to Start Up
4. Close hot water faucet opened in Step 2 as water starts to flow.
Installation and start up of this water heater requires abilities and
skills equivalent to that of a licensed tradesman in the field involved,
see Qualifications on page 6.
Read SEQUENCE OF OPERATION section of this manual prior
to lighting and operating this water heater.
With above conditions satisfied, start the unit in accordance with
the instructions on the operating label attached to the heater.
For your convenience a copy of the instructions are shown on
pages 27 and 28.
Do not place the water heater in operation if any part has been under
water. Immediately call a qualified service technician to inspect the
water heater and to replace any part of the control system and any
gas control which has been under water.
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
The following information will describe the Sequence of Operation
for this water heater.
1. Switch power on to unit.
8. If the pilot flame is proved during the ignition trial period, the
Ignition Control turns off the Spark Ignitor and opens the Main
Gas Valve.
2. Thermostat calls for heat.
3. Ignition Control performs diagnostic self check on system
components.
9. The Ignition Control allows a 2 second pilot flame stabilization
period to insure that the pilot flame is not extinguished by the
main burner light-off process.
4. The Ignition Control begins the trial for ignition.
5. The Ignition Control turns on the Spark Igniter and opens the Pilot
Gas Valve.
10.The Ignition Control monitors the Flame Sensor during the
heating cycle. If the flame signal is lost, the Ignition Control shuts
the Main Gas Valve and Pilot Gas Valve and re-starts the ignition
process at step 4.
6. The Ignition Control monitors the Flame Sensor during the ignition
trial period.
7.
is locked out, the power to the unit must be cycled to restart the
Ignition Control.
11. Once the unit is satisfied, the Ignition Control will shut off the
Main Gas Valve and the Pilot Gas Valve and the unit will be in
standby mode until another call for heat is initiated by
the thermostat.
If the Ignition Control does not sense the pilot flame during the
ignition trial period, the Ignition Control shuts the Pilot Gas
Valve and turns off the Spark Igniter. Depending on the water
heater model, the Ignition Control will either retry the ignition trial
at step 4 or lockout the ignition sequence. If the ignition sequence
See the flow chart on page 26 for more information.
25
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION FLOW CHART
Description of this flow chart can be found in the “SEQUENCE OF OPERATION” section found on page 25.
IDLE
(NOT POWERED)
“CALL FOR HEAT”
RECEIVED FROM
THERMOSTAT
WAIT FOR
“CALL FOR HEAT”
TO BE REMOVED
POWER TO
MODULE AND
SELF CHECK
ACTIVATE ALARM
CONTACT(S)
(OPTIONAL)
RETRY DELAY
(5 MINUTES)
A
TRIAL FOR
IGNITION
(TIMER STARTED)
FLAME
PROVED?
NO
SPARK ON
OPEN PILOT GAS
VALVE
CLOSE PILOT
GAS VALVE
SPARK OFF
RETRY
RETRY OR
LOCKOUT
MODEL?
LOCKOUT
(BEFORE TRIAL FOR IGNITION TIMER EXPIRES)
YES
SPARK OFF
OPEN MAIN GAS
VALVE
FLAME
STABILIZATION
(2 SECONDS)
NO
RUN
“CALL
FOR HEAT”
ENDS?
NO
FLAME
LOST?
YES
CLOSE MAIN GAS
VALVE AND PILOT
GAS VALVE
YES
CLOSE MAIN GAS
VALVE AND PILOT
GAS VALVE
FLOW CHART 1.
26
A
LIGHTING & OPERATION LABEL
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE OPERATING
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE OPERATING
FIGURE 22. Label for Natural Gas Models
27
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE OPERATING
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
FIGURE 23. Label for propane Gas Models
28
Adjustments
FAILURE TO CORRECT BACK DRAFTS MAY CAUSE AIR
CONTAMINATION AND UNSAFE CONDITIONS.
ON INITIAL STARTUP SOME ADJUSTMENTS MAY BE NECESSARY.
• If the back draft cannot be corrected by the normal method or
if a suitable draft cannot be obtained, a blower type flue gas
exhauster must be employed to assure proper venting and
correct combustion.
Check Manifold and inlet gas pressures (see GAS SUPPLY
SYSTEMS on page 13 and CHECKING THE INPUT on page 29-30.)
Check Pilot Burner (See Pilot Burner section on page 34.)
TESTING DAMPER OPERATION
CHECKING THE INPUT
With the Service Switch in the AUTOMATIC OPERATION
position, check the operation of the flue damper three (3) times
with the water operating controls for proper operating sequence:
For installation locations with elevations above 2000 feet, refer
to HIGH ALTITUDE INSTALLATIONS section of this manual for
input reduction procedure.
• The damper disc must be open (in the vertical position) before
the ignition and combustion process begins.
1. Attach a pressure gauge or a manometer to the manifold
pressure tap on the gas control valve and refer to Table
9, for correct manifold pressure.
• The damper disc must be in the open position when the main
burner is firing.
• The gas control valve must close and the main burner must
have ceased firing before the damper disc begins its return to
the closed (horizontal) position.
2. Use this formula to “clock” the meter. Be sure that other
gas consuming appliances are not operating during this
interval.
If during testing of the operation of the damper you find that
there is a problem with the operation of the water heater when
the Service Switch is in the AUTOMATIC OPERATION position:
Reset the Service Switch to the HOLD OPEN DAMPER position
and check operation again.
(3600/T) x H = Btuh
T = Time in seconds to burn one cubic foot of gas.
H = Btu’s per cubic foot of gas.
Btuh = Actual heater input.
If the water heater does operate when placed in the HOLD OPEN
DAMPER position:
Example: (Using 250 heater)
• Refer to the EFFIKAL RVGP-FSF-SERIES TROUBLESHOOTING
GUIDE on page 37.
If the water heater does not operate with the Service Switch in
either position:
•Refer to the Troubleshooting Sections and Troubleshooting
Checklist.
CHECKING VENTING
The following steps shall be followed with each appliance connected
to the venting system placed in operation, while any other appliances
connected to the venting system are not in operation.
T = 15.1 seconds
H = 1050 Btu
Btuh = ?
(3600/15.1) x 1050 = 250,000 (Compare with 250 model and
rating.)
Table 8.
APPROXIMATE TIME REQUIRED TO CONSUME
1 CU. FT. OF GAS AT FULL CAPACITY
1. Seal any unused openings in the venting system.
INPUT
RATE
(BTUH)
TYPE
OF
GAS
BTUH
PER
CU. FT.
120,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
31. 5 SEC.
75.0 SEC.
154,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
24.5 SEC.
58.4 SEC.
180,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
21.0 SEC.
50.0 SEC.
199,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
19.0 SEC.
45.2 SEC.
250,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
15.1 SEC.
36.0 SEC.
251,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
15.1 SEC.
35.9 SEC.
5. Test for draft hood spillage at the relief opening after 5 minutes
of main burner operation.
275,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
13.7 SEC.
32.7 SEC.
6. After it has been determined that each appliance connected to
the venting system properly vents when tested as outlined above,
return doors, windows, exhaust fans, fireplace dampers and any
other gas burning appliance to their previous conditions of use.
305,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
12.4 SEC.
29.5 SEC.
365,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
10.4 SEC.
24.7 SEC.
7. If improper venting is observed during any of the above tests,
the venting system must be corrected.
390,000
NATURAL
PROPANE
1050
2500
9.7 SEC.
23.1 SEC.
2. Inspect the venting system for proper size and horizontal pitch, as
required in the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1or the CAN/
CGA B149 Installation Codes and these instructions. Determine
that there is no blockage or restriction, leakage, corrosion and
other deficiencies which could cause an unsafe condition.
3. So far as is practical, close all building doors and windows
and all doors between the space in which the water heater(s)
connected to the venting system are located and other spaces
of the building. Turn on all appliances not connected to the
venting system. Turn on all exhaust fans, such as range hoods
and bathroom exhausts, so they shall operate at maximum
speed. Close fireplace dampers.
4. Follow the lighting instruction. Place the water heater being
inspected in operation. Adjust thermostat so water heater shall
operate continuously.
29
TIME REQ’D TO
CONSUME 1 CU.
FT. OF GAS
Should it be necessary to adjust the gas pressure to the burners
to obtain the full input rate, the steps below should be followed:
3. Remove the regulator adjustment sealing cap and adjust the pressure
by turning the adjusting screw with a screwdriver. See Figure 24.
Clockwise to increase gas pressure and input rate.
Counterclockwise to decrease gas pressure and input rate.
4. “Clock” the meter as in step 2 above.
FIGURE 24.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the specified input rate is achieved.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD THE GAS INPUT EXCEED
THE INPUT SHOWN ON THE HEATER MODEL AND RATING
PLATE. OVERFIRING COULD RESULT IN DAMAGE OR SOOTING
OF THE HEATER.
6. Turn the gas control knob to PILOT. Remove the pressure
gauge and replace the sealing cap and the Allen wrench set
screw in the pressure tap opening.
30
mAINTENANCE
venting system
Examine the venting system every six months for obstructions
and/or deterioration of the vent piping.
Remove all soot or other obstructions from chimney which will
retard free draft.
remote storage tank temperature control
The water temperature in the remote storage tank (if used) is
controlled by the storage tank temperature control. The sensing
element is mounted in the hot water storage tank, see Water
Piping Diagram section.
Figure 25.
If the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve on water heater weeps
or discharges periodically, this may be due to thermal expansion.
A change in water temperature in the storage tank lower than
the tank temperature control setting will cause the sensor to
activate the circulating pump. The pump then circulates the
water through the heater where the thermostat senses the drop
in water temperature and activates main burner operation of the
water heater.
NOTE: Excessive water pressure is the most common cause
of Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve leakage. Excessive
water system pressure is most often caused by "thermal
expansion" in a "closed system." See Closed Water Systems
and Thermal Expansion on page 12. The TemperaturePressure Relief Valve is not intended for the constant relief
of thermal expansion.
If the storage tank temperature control is out of calibration, replace
with new control.
SHOULD OVERHEATING OCCUR OR THE GAS SUPPLY FAIL
TO SHUT OFF, TURN OFF THE MANUAL GAS CONTROL VALVE
TO THE Water heater.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve leakage due to pressure build
up in a closed system that does not have a thermal expansion
tank installed is not covered under the limited warranty. Thermal
expansion tanks must be installed on all closed water systems.
temperature-Pressure relief Valve test
DO NOT PLUG THE TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE RELIEF
VALVE OPENING. THIS CAN CAUSE PROPERTY DAMAGE,
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
Burn hazard.
explosion hazard
Hot water discharge.
Temperature-Pressure relief Valve
must comply with ANSI Z21.22CSA 4.4 and ASMe code.
Keep clear of TemperaturePressure relief Valve
discharge outlet.
Properly sized temperaturepressure relief valve must be
installed in opening provided.
It is recommended that the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
should be checked to ensure that it is in operating condition every
6 months.
Can result in overheating and
excessive tank pressure.
When checking the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve operation,
make sure that (1) no one is in front of or around the outlet of the
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve discharge line, and (2) that
the water discharge will not cause any property damage, as the
water may be extremely hot. Use care when operating valve as
the valve may be hot.
Can cause serious injury or death.
anode rod inspection
To check the pressure relief valve , lift the lever at the end of the
valve several times, see Figure 25. The valve should seat properly
and operate freely.
CAUTION
Property Damage Hazard
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet
to the water heater and drain the water heater, see Draining And
Flushing on page 32. Replace the Temperature-Pressure Relief
• Avoid water heater damage.
• Inspection and replacement of anode rod required.
The anode rod is used to protect the tank from corrosion. Most
hot water tanks are equipped with an anode rod. The submerged
rod sacrifices itself to protect the tank. Instead of corroding tank,
Valve with a properly rated/sized new one, see TemperaturePressure Relief Valve on pages 12-13 for instructions on
replacement.
31
water ions attack and eat away the anode rod. This does not affect
water’s taste or color. The rod must be maintained to keep tank in
operating condition.
5. Ensure the drain hose is secured before and during the
entire flushing procedure. Flushing is performed with system
water pressure applied to the water heater.
6. Open the water heater drain valve to flush the storage tank.
7. Flush the water heater storage tank to remove sediment and
allow the water to flow until it runs clean.
8. Close the water heater drain valve when flushing is completed.
9. Remove the drain hose.
10. Fill the water heater - see Filling The Water Heater in this manual.
11. Turn on the electrical supply to place the water heater back
in operation.
12. Allow the water heater to complete several heating cycles to
ensure it is operating properly.
Anode rod deterioration depends on water conductivity, not
necessarily water condition. A corroded or pitted anode rod
indicates high water conductivity and should be checked and/or
replaced more often than an anode rod that appears to be intact.
Replacement of a depleted anode rod can extend the life of your
water heater. Inspection should be conducted by a qualified
technician, and at a minimum should be checked annually after
the warranty period.
Artificially softened water is exceedingly corrosive because the
process substitutes sodium ions for magnesium and calcium ions.
The use of a water softener may decrease the life of the water
heater tank.
recommended procedure for periodic
removal of lime deposits from tank type
commercial water heaters
The anode rod should be inspected after a maximum of three
years and annually thereafter until the condition of the anode rod
dictates its replacement. Anode replacement is not covered by
warranty. NOTE: artificially softened water requires the anode rod
to be inspected annually.
The amount of calcium carbonate (lime) released from water is
in direct proportion to water temperature and usage, see chart.
The higher the water temperature or water usage, the more lime
deposits are dropped out of the water. This is the lime scale
which forms in pipes, heaters and on cooking utensils.
Lime accumulation not only reduces the life of equipment but also
reduces efficiency of the heater and increases fuel consumption.
The usage of water softening equipment greatly reduces the hardness
of the water. However, this equipment does not always remove all of
the hardness (lime). For this reason it is recommended that a regular
schedule for deliming be maintained.
The time between cleaning will vary from weeks to months
depending upon water conditions and usage.
The depth of lime buildup should be measured periodically. Heaters
equipped with cleanouts will have about 2" of lime buildup when
the level of lime has reached the bottom of the cleanout opening. A
schedule for deliming should then be set up,based on the amount
of time it would take for a 1" buildup of lime. It is recommended that
the water heater initially be inspected after 6 months.
Example 1:
Initial inspection after 6 months shows 1/2" of lime accumulation.
Therefore, the heater should be delimed once a year.
Example 2:
Initial inspection after 6 months shows 2" of lime accumulation.
Therefore, the heater should be delimed every 3 months.
Draining and flushing
Burn harzard.
Hot water discharge.
Keep hands clear of drain
valve discharge.
It is recommended that the water heater storage tank be drained
and flushed every 6 months to reduce sediment buildup. The
water heater should be drained if being shut down during freezing
temperatures. See Features And Components in this manual for
the location of the water heater components described below.
TO DRAIN THE WATER HEATER STORAGE TANK:
1. Turn off the electrical supply to the water heater.
2. Turn off the gas supply at the Main Gas Shutoff Valve if the
water heater is going to be shut down for an extended period.
3. Ensure the cold water inlet valve is open.
4. Open a nearby hot water faucet and let the water run until
the water is no longer hot.
5. Close the cold water inlet valve to the water heater.
6. Connect a hose to the water heater drain valve and terminate
it to an adequate drain.
7. Open the water heater drain valve and allow all the water to
drain from the storage tank.
8. Close the water heater drain valve when all water in the
storage tank has drained.
9. Close the hot water faucet opened in Step 4.
10. If the water heater is going to be shut down for an extended
period, the drain valve should be left open.
TO FLUSH THE WATER HEATER STORAGE TANK:
1. Turn off the electrical supply to the water heater.
2. Ensure the cold water inlet valve is open.
3. Open a nearby hot water faucet and let the water run until
the water is no longer hot. Then close the hot water faucet.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate it to an
adequate drain.
FIGURE 26.
32
deliming solvents
holding burner to manifold. Unfasten pilot tubing from valve
and slide out burner and pilot.
Hydrochloric base acids are not recommended for use on glass
lined tanks.
Servicing of the pilot burner includes keeping pilot free of lint,
cleaning the burner head, the primary air opening and the
orifice of the pilot burner.
Observe handling instructions on label of product being used.
tank Cleanout Procedure
The following practices will ensure longer life and enable the
unit to operate at its designed efficiency:
1. Once a month the heater should be flushed. Open the drain
valve and allow two gallons of water to drain from the heater.
Inlet water valve should remain open to maintain pressure
in tank.
2. A cleanout opening is provided for periodic cleaning of the
tank. Gas must be shut off and heater drained before opening
cleanout.
FIGURE 28.
To clean heater through cleanout opening, proceed as follows:
3. Drain heater.
4. Remove outer cover plate from lower side of heater jacket.
5. Remove six (6) hex head screws securing tank cleanout plate
and remove plate.
6. Remove lime, scale, or sediment using care not to damage
the glass lining.
7. Inspect cleanout plate gasket, if new gasket is required,
replace with part no. 9004099215.
FIGURE 29.
8. Install cleanout plate. Be sure to draw plate up tight by
tightening screws securely.
Pilot burner flame is affected by:.
1.Low gas pressure.
• Adjust pilot flame by means of the pilot gas adjustment
located on the gas control valve. See Figure 31.
• The pilot flame should envelop sensing device with 5/8” (1.6cm)
flame, Figure30. Remove pilot adjustment cover screw, Figure
31. Turn inner adjustment screw clockwise to decrease, or
counterclockwise to increase pilot flame. Be sure to replace
cover screw on gas control valve after adjustment to prevent
possible gas leakage.
9. Replace outer jacket cover plate.
Pilot Burner
At least once a year, check the pilot burner, Figure 29, and
the main burner, Figure 30, for proper operation. See Figure
28 for the location of the Pilot Burner and the Main Burners.
For access to pilot, unfasten two screws to burner cover
and remove. Locate the burner with pilot and remove screw
2. Clogged pilot burner orifice.
• Clean or replace orifice. A clogged orifice will restrict gas flow.
33
Gas Control Valve
Pilot sensing device must sense a flame before sparking will stop.
Loose wires or a draft may cause intermittent or abnormal
sparking. To eliminate this condition, first correct loose wiring
condition, and then, if necessary, increase pilot flame.
Figure 31 shows the two types of combination gas control valves
used on these heaters.
If gas control valve becomes defective, repairs should not be
attempted. A new valve should be installed in place of defective one.
Main Burner
The main burner, Figure 30, should display the following
characteristics:
• Cause rapid ignition and carry over of flame across entire burner.
• Give reasonably quiet operation during ignition, burning and extinction.
• Cause no excessive lifting of flame from burner ports.
If the preceding burner characteristics are not evident, check for
accumulation of lint or other foreign material that restricts or other
foreign material that restricts or blocks air openings to burner or heater.
To clean main burners:
1.Remove main burners from unit.
2. Check that burner venturi and ports are free of foreign matter.
LP VALVE
3. Clean burners with bristle brush and/or vacuum cleaner
DO NOT distort burner ports or pilot location.
4.Reinstall burners in unit. Make sure front and rear of burners
are installed correctly in burner support brackets.
Also check for good flow of combustion and ventilating air to the unit.
TYPICAL PILOT AND MAIN BURNER FLAMES
NATURAL VALVE
FIGURE 30.
FIGURE 31.
SERVICE
ELECTRICAL SERVICING
The installer may be able to observe and correct certain problems
which may arise when the unit is put into operation. HOWEVER,
it is recommended that only a qualified service technician or
qualified agencys, using appropriate test equipment, be allowed
to service the heater.
As preliminary step, check wiring against diagram, check for
grounded, broken or loose wires. Check all wire ends to be sure
that they are making good contact.
LABEL ALL WIRES PRIOR TO DISCONNECTION WHEN SERVICING
CONTROLS. WIRING ERRORS CAN CAUSE IMPROPER AND
DANGEROUS OPERATION.
VERIFY PROPER OPERATION AFTER SERVICING.
34
Troubleshooting
IGNITION MODULE
• Check electrical supply to the water heater for possible
blown (or tripped) fusing or power interruption.
Before calling your service agent, the following checklist should
be examined to eliminate obvious problems from those requiring
replacement or servicing.
• Is the water temperature in tank below the thermostat dial
setting on the thermostat (calling for heat)?
• Check that “main manual gas shut-off valve” is fully open
and that gas service has not been interrupted.
• It is possible that the high limit (E.C.O.) has functioned to shut
off the water heater. See FEATURES - Water Temperature
Control for reset procedure. Contact your serviceman if limit
continues to function to shut off water heater.
• Check that after following the water OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS, the “Top Knob” of the gas control valve
is in “ON” position.
Green LED
Flash Codea
OFF
Flash Fast
Heartbeat
Indicates
Next System Action
Recommended Service Action
No “Call for Heat”
Power up - internal check
Normal startup – ignition
sequence started (including
prepurge)
Device in run mode. “x” = flame
current to the nearest μA.
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
None
None
None
Not applicable
None
5 minute Retry Delay - Pilot flame
not detected during trial for ignition
Initiate new trial for ignition after
retry delay completed.
3
Recycle - Flame failed during run
Initiate new trial for ignition. Flash
code will remain through the
ignition trial until flame is proved.
4
Flame sensed out of sequence
6
Control Internal Error
7
Flame rod shorted to ground
If situation self corrects within 10
seconds, control returns to normal
sequence. If flame out of
sequence remains longer than 10
seconds, control will resume
normal operation 1 hour after error
is corrected.
Control remains in wait mode.
When the fault corrects, control
resumes normal operation.
Control remains in wait mode.
When the fault corrects, control
resumes normal operation.
If system fails to light on next trial
for ignition check gas supply, pilot
burner, spark and flame sense
wiring, flame rod contaminated or
out of position, burner ground
connection.
If system fails to light on next trial
for ignition, check gas supply, pilot
burner, flame sense wiring,
contamination of flame rod, burner
ground connection.
Check for pilot flame. Replace gas
valve if pilot flame present. If no
pilot flame, cycle “Call for Heat.” If
error repeats, replace control.
8
Low secondary voltage supply
4 Seconds
ON then “x”
flashes
2
a
Control remains in wait mode.
When the fault corrects, control
resumes normal operation.
Cycle “Call for Heat”. If error
repeats, replace control.
Check flame sense lead wire for
damage or shorting. Check that
flame rod is in proper position.
Check flame rod ceramic for
cracks, damage or tracking.
Check transformer and AC line for
proper input voltage to the control.
Check with full system load on the
transformer.
Flash Code Descriptions:
- Flash Fast: rapid blinking.
- Heartbeat: Constant ½ second bright, ½ second dim cycles.
- 4 second solid on pulse followed by “x” 1 second flashes indicates flame current to the nearest μA. This is only available in run mode.
- A single flash code number signifies that the LED flashes X times at 2Hz, remains off for two seconds, and then repeats the sequence.
FLUE DAMPER
receptacle. Do not push meter leads into harness receptacle.
This opens the pins and will create connection problems. See
the following EFFIKAL RVGP-KSF-SERIES FLUE DAMPER
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE.
Do not turn damper open manually or motor damage will result,
use the service switch. All readings are taken from harness
35
EFFIKAL RVGP-KSF-SERIES FLUE DAMPER TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE
Do not turn damper open manually or motor damage will result, use the service switch.
All readings are taken from harness receptacle. Do not push meter leads into harness receptacle.
This opens the pins and will create connection problems.
Effikal Pinouts
Adapter wire
& wire colorsFunction
colors in*
1. Brown
24 VAC HOT
Black
2. Orange
Signal InYellow
3. Yellow
Signal OutRed
4. Black
24 VAC Common
White
PIN END VIEW
Note: Damper disc shown in open position.
24 V.A.C.NORMAL SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
A. FLUE DAMPER OPEN OR OPENING
(Unit is calling for heat and damper disc should be in vertical position)
WARNING
VOLTAGE ACROSS:
Do not negate the action
4 & 1
All Times that High Limit is closed
of any existing safety
4 & 2
Calling for HeatOpen or Opening
or operational controls.
4 & 3
During Combustion
Damper Open+
B. FLUE DAMPER CLOSED (Unit is not calling for heat and damper disc should be in horizontal position)
NOTE: POSITION 4 IS COMMON AND POSITION 3 IS HOT 24VAC
VOLTAGE ACROSS:
4 & 1
All Times that High Limit is closed
NO VOLTAGE ACROSS:
4 & 3 or 4 & 2
1.Thermostat not calling for heat.
ABNORMAL OPERATION
A. NOTHING WORKING
NO VOLTAGE ACROSS:
4 & 1
1. High Limit has tripped and is OPEN. Determine reason for tripping of high limit
2. Bad Transformer
3. Loose or broken connections
4. Blown fuse or circuit breaker
5. Disconnect switch off
6. Harness not plugged into water heater receptacle
B. DAMPER HAS OPENED,
NO COMBUSTION
VOLTAGE ACROSS:
4 & 1; 4 & 2; 4 & 3:
1. Check for power at ignition module terminals. If 24VAC power is present damper
is working properly.
2.Defective component in water heater after the flue damper.
3.If 24 VAC is not present at the ignition module, look for loose or broken
connections between damper and ignition module.
4. If the connections from damper to ignition module seem proper, replace damper assembly. If a damper assembly is not available, place the service switch in the
hold open position. This should keep the damper in the open position and allow
the customer to have automatic heat, until a replacement damper can be installed.
C. DAMPER ROTATES CONTINUOUSLY
Change the entire damper assembly
D. DAMPER STICKS
1. Make sure no screws obstruct the damper blade.
2. Make sure damper pipe assembly is not egg shaped.
3. Make sure damper rod is not rubbing on pipe assembly.
See figure on front page of this insert sheet
IMPORTANT: DAMPER MUST BE OPEN BEFORE COMBUSTION TAKES PLACE. If all steps have
been tried and damper problems persists call Product Service and Support 800-456-9805.
36
Troubleshooting checklist
COMPLAINT
Water not hot enough.
Insufficient hot water
CAUSE
USER
REMEDY
QUALIFIED SERVICE AGENCY
Thermostat set too low.
Set thermostat dial to a higher
temperature.
Upper and/or lower temperature
probe out of calibration.
Call qualified service agency.
Thermostat set too low.
Set thermostat dial to a higher
temperature.
Check continuity and resistance
(Ohms) of upper and lower
thermostat probes. Replace probes
if out of specification.
Check continuity and resistance
(Ohms) of upper and lower
thermostat probes. Replace probes
if out of specification..
Upper and/or lower temperature
probe out of calibration.
Call qualified service agency.
Main manual gas shutoff valve
partially closed.
Open main manual gas shutoff
valve to fullest extent.
Heater too small for demand.
Space usage to give heater time
to restore water temperature.
Heater recovery is slower.
Call qualified service agency.
Check gas input. If incorrect, adjust
gas pressure or replace main burner
orifice.
Draft hood not installed or one
or more baffles.
Call qualified service agency.
Install draft hood or baffles as
furnished with unit.
Water temperature too hot.
Thermostat set too high.
Set thermostat to a lower setting.
Heater makes sounds: sizzling.
Condensation on outside of
tank - normal.
Rumbling.
Sediment accumulation on
bottom of tank.
Ticking or metallic sounds.
Expansion and contractionnormal.
Pounding / water hammer.
Air chambers in piping have
become waterlogged. Thermal
expansion tank damaged,
improperly charged, or
improperly sized.
Combustion noises.
Too much primary air.
Overtired heater. Incorrect
burners or orifice for types of
gas used.
Water leaks.
Gas odors.
Drain a quantity of water through
drain valve. If rumbling persists,
call a qualified service agency.
Delime heater.
Drain piping system and refill.
Heater must be off while this
is being done. Check thermal
expansion tank charge pressure
when the water system pressure
is zero.
Follow the manufacturer's
instructions for proper charging
of the thermal expansion tank.
Adjust shutters.
Call qualified service agency.
Check and correct as necessary.
Drain valve not closed tightly.
If drain valve cannot be closed
tightly, replace.
If leakage source cannot be
corrected or identified, call
qualified service agency.
Shut off gas supply to heater
and close cold water inlet valve to
heater.
Repair or in case of suspected tank
leakage, be certain to confirm before
replacing heater.
Heater is overtired.
Shut off gas supply to heater and
call qualified service agency.
Check for sooted flue passage.
Check for obstructed vent line.
Check backdraft or lack of draft.
Draft hood may be improperly
installed or not sized properly.
Possible gas leaks.
Shut off gas supply to heater and
call gas company at once.
37
For Your Information
c. A sulfate reducing bacteria which has accumulated
within the water heater (this harmless bacteria is
nontoxic to humans).
start up conditions
SMOKE/ODOR
d. An excess of active hydrogen in the tank. This is caused
by the corrosion protective action of the anode rod.
It is not uncommon to experience a small amount of smoke and
odor during the initial start-up. This is due to burning off of oil
from metal parts, and will disappear in a short while.
Smelly water may be eliminated or reduced in some water
heater models by replacing the anode rod(s) with one of less
active material, and then chlorinating water heater tank and all
water lines.
STRANGE SOUNDS
Possible noises due to expansion and contraction of some metal
parts during periods of heat-up and cool-down do not necessarily
represent harmful or dangerous conditions.
Contact the local water heater supplier or service agency for
further information concerning an Anode Rod Replacement Kit
and this chlorination treatment.
Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the burner area
during heating and cooling periods and should be considered
normal. See “Condensation" section in this manual.
If smelly water persists after anode rod replacement and chlorination
treatment, we can only suggest that chlorination or aeration of the
water supply be considered to eliminate the water problem.
CONDENSATION
Whenever the water heater is filled with cold water, some
condensate will form while the burner is on. A water heater may
appear to be leaking when in fact the water is condensation.
This usually happens when:
Do not remove the anode rod leaving the tank unprotected. By
doing so, all warranty on the water heater tank is voided.
“AIR” IN HOT WATER FAUCETS
HYDROGEN GAS: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot
water system that has not been used for a long period of time
(generally two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely
flammable and explosive. To prevent the possibility of injury under
these conditions, we recommend the hot water faucet, located
farthest away, be opened for several minutes before any electrical
appliances which are connected to the hot water system are
used (such as a dishwasher or washing machine). If hydrogen
gas is present, there will probably be an unusual sound similar to
air escaping through the pipe as the hot water faucet is opened.
There must be no smoking or open flame near the faucet at the
time it is open.
a. A new water heater is filled with cold water for the first time.
b. Burning gas produces water vapor in water heaters,
particularly high efficiency models where flue temperatures
are lower.
c. Large amounts of hot water are used in a short time and the
refill water in the tank is very cold.
Moisture from the products of combustion condense on the cooler
tank surfaces and form drops of water which may fall onto the
burner or other hot surfaces to produce a “sizzling” or “frying” noise.
operational conditions
HIGH WATER TEMPERATURE SHUT OFF SYSTEM
HOT WATER ODOR
This water heater is equipped with a manual reset type high limit
(Energy Cutout) switch. The high limit switch interrupts the main
burner gas flow should water temperature reach 203°F (95°C).
In each water heater there is installed at least one anode rod for
corrosion protection of the tank. Certain water conditions will
cause a reaction between this rod and the water. The most
common complaint associated with the anode rod is one of a
“rotten egg smell” in the hot water. The smell is a result of four
factors which must all be present for the odor to develop:
In the event of high limit switch operation, the water heater
cannot be restarted unless the water temperature is reduced
to approximately 120F (49C). The high limit reset button on the
front of the thermostat then needs to be depressed. See Figure 2
for the location of the reset button.
a. A concentration of sulfate in the supply water.
b. Little or no dissolved oxygen in the water.
38
39
ALT. COLD WATER
CONNECTION
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (1 UNIT) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
EXPANSION
TANK
DRAIN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
HOT WATER RETURN
FROM FIXTURES
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
water Piping Diagrams
40
HOT WATER TO FIXTURES
ALTERNATE
LOCATION
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (1 UNIT) WITH HORIZONTAL STORAGE TANK
DRAIN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN FROM
FIXTURES
CIRCULATING PUMP
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
41
HOT
WATER
RETURN
TEMPERED
WATER
OUTLET
COLD
HOT
HOT
WATER
OUTLET
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
TEMPERED
WATER
RETURN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (1 UNIT) WITH MIXING VALVE TWO TEMPERATURE
DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
42
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (2 UNITS)
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
EXPANSION
TANK
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
HOT WATER
RETURN
LEGEND
43
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (2 UNITS) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
ALTERNATE
COLD WATER
CONNECTION
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK
LEGEND
44
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (2 UNITS) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
ALTERNATE
COLD WATER
CONNECTION
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK
LEGEND
45
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT WATER TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
ALTERNATE
LOCATION
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE - (2 UNITS) WITH HORIZONTAL STORAGE TANK
LEGEND
HOT WATER
RETURN FROM
FIXTURES
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
46
EXPANSION TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
PRE-HEATED
WATER TO
BOOSTER
DRAIN
BOOSTER
HEATER
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
BOOSTER WATER RETURN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
BOOSTER WATER
TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
1st HEATER
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE (2 UNITS) TWO TEMPERATURE
LEGEND
47
PRE-HEATER
PRE-HEATER
MUST BE IDENTICAL HEATERS
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
BOOSTER RETURN
(IF USED)
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
HOT OUTLET
AT STORED
TEMPERATURE
BOOSTED
WATER
OUTLET
TYPICAL
BOOSTER
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE (2 UNITS) WITH BOOSTER TWO TEMPERATURE
LEGEND
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
48
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (3 UNITS)
DRAIN
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
49
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
ALT. COLD WATER
CONNECTION
EXPANSION TANK
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
LEGEND
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
HOT WATER TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (3 UNITS) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
STORAGE TANK
50
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
STORAGE TANK
HOT WATER TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (3 UNITS) WITH HORIZONTAL STORAGE TANK
ALTERNATE
LOCATION
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
EXPANSION TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
51
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
FINISHED FLOOR
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI FLUE FLUE (4 UNITS)
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
EXPANSION
TANK
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
52
HEATER
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (4 UNITS) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
STORAGE TANK
ALT. COLD
WATER
CONNECTION
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
LEGEND
53
HEATER
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
DRAIN
STORAGE TANK
ALTERNATE
LOCATION
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HEATER
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
MULTI-FLUE (4 UNITS) WITH HORIZONTAL STORAGE TANK
LEGEND
EXPANSION TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
notes
54
Model JWSM & AJWSM Limited Warranty
GSW Water Heating, the warrantor, extends the following LIMITED WARRANTY to the original owner of this water heater:
1. THE TANK
If the glass-lined tank in this water heater shall prove upon examination by the warrantor to have leaked due to natural corrosion from potable
water therein, during the first THREE years after initial installation, the warrantor will supply a complete new water heater of equivalent size and
current model. Some government agencies are requiring energy efficient standards for water heaters. In the event regulations prohibit sale of
a model of equivalent size and construction, the warrantor will provide a model which complies with the regulations of your area, in which case
the consumer will be charged the difference in price between the like replacement and the energy efficient model required. The warranty on the
replacement water heater will be limited to the unexpired term of the original warranty.
2. ALL OTHER PARTS
If within ONE year after initial installation of this water heater, any part or portion shall prove upon examination by the warrantor to be defective in
material or workmanship, the warrantor will repair or replace such part or portion at its option.
3. CONDITIONS AND EXCEPTIONS
This warranty shall apply only when the water heater is installed in accordance with local plumbing and building codes, ordinances and regulations,
the printed instructions provided with it and good industry practices. In addition, a temperature and pressure relief valve, certified by CSA and
approved by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, must have been installed.
a. This warranty shall apply only when the heater is:
(1)
used at temperatures not exceeding the maximum calibrated setting of its thermostat;
(2)
used at water pressure not exceeding the working pressure shown on the heater;
(3)
filled with potable water, free to circulate at all times and with the tank free of damaging water sediment or scale deposits;
(4)
used in a non-corrosive and non-contaminated atmosphere;
(5)
used with factory approved anode(s) installed;
(6)
in its original installation location;
(7)
in the United States, its territories or possessions, and Canada;
(8)
sized in accordance with proper sizing techniques for commercial and/or residential water heaters;
(9)
bearing a rating plate which has not been altered, defaced or removed, except as required by the warrantor;
(10)
used in an open system or in a closed system with properly sized and installed thermal expansion tank;
(11)
operated with properly installed dirt leg;
(12)
fired with the fuel for which it was factory built;
(13)
fired at the factory rated input;
(14)
operated with the inner and outer combustion chamber doors in place.
b. Any accident to the water heater, any misuse, abuse (including freezing) or alteration of it, any operation of it in a modified form, any use of insulation blankets, or any attempt to repair tank leaks will void this warranty.
c. This warranty is void if a device acting as a backflow prevention device (check valves etc.) is installed in the cold water supply the heater is
connected to, unless an effective method of controlling thermal expansion is also installed at the heater(s) and operational at all times. The
relief valve installed on the heater is not an acceptable method.
4. SERVICE AND REPAIR EXPENSES
Under the limited warranty the warrantor will provide only a replacement water heater or part thereof. The owner is responsible for all other costs.
Such costs may include but are not limited to:
a.Labor charges for service removal, repair or reinstallation of the water heater or any component part;
b. Shipping, delivery, handling, and administrative charges for forwarding the new heater or replacement part from the nearest distributor and returning the claimed defective heater or part to such distributor.
c. All cost necessary or incidental for any material and/or permits required for installation of the replacement heater or part.
5. LIMITATIONS ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES
Implied warranties, including the warranty of merchantability imposed on the sale of this heater under provincial law are limited to one (1) year
duration for the heater or any of its parts. Some provinces do not allow limitation on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation
may not apply to you.
6. CLAIM PROCEDURE
Any claim under the warranty should be initiated with the dealer who sold the heater, or with any other dealer handling the warrantor’s products. If
this is not practicable, the owner should contact:
GSW Water Heating
599 Hill Street West
Fergus, ON Canada N1M 2X1
a.
b.
c.
The warrantor will only honor replacement with identical or similar water heater or parts thereof which are manufactured or distributed by the warrantor.
Dealer replacements are made subject to in-warranty validation by warrantor.
If requested by the warrantor, information relating to the purchase, transportation, operation and installation of the unit must be supplied. All
claims are subject to validation by the warrantor.
7. DISCLAIMERS
NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY HAS BEEN OR WILL BE MADE IN BEHALF OF THE WARRANTOR WITH RESPECT TO THE MERCHANTABILITY
OF THE HEATER OR THE INSTALLATION, OPERATION, REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF THE HEATER. THE WARRANTOR SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER DAMAGE, LOSS OF USE OF THE UNIT, INCONVENIENCE, LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PERSONAL PROPERTY OR OTHER
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE. THE WARRANTOR SHALL NOT BE LIABLE BY VIRTUE OF THIS WARRANTY OR OTHERWISE FOR DAMAGE TO ANY
PERSONS OR PROPERTY, WHETHER DIRECT OR INDIRECT, AND WHETHER ARISING IN CONTRACT OR IN TORT.
a. Some provinces do not allow the exclusion or limitation of the incidental or consequential damage, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
b. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from province to province.
Fill in the following for your own reference. Keep it. Registration is not a condition of warranty. The model and serial number are found on the heater’s rating plate.
Model No.__________________________________ Serial No._________________________________ Date Installed_______________________
Dealer’s Name__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Dealer’s Address___________________________________________________________________ Phone No.____________________________
City and Province___________________________________________________________________PostalCode___________________________
KEEP THIS WARRANTY POSTED ADJACENT TO THE HEATER FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
55
599 Hill Street West
Fergus, ON Canada N1M 2X1
Should you have any questions please
Email us at [email protected] or
Visit our websites: www.gsw-wh.com or
www.johnwoodwaterheaters.com or
Call our Technical Support line at
1-888-GSW-TECH (479-8324)
Copyright © 2012 John Wood Water Heaters, All rights reserved.
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