2006 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. This manual should be

2006 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. This manual should be
06/09/06 11:42:19 31MCW650_001
This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain
with the motorcycle when it is resold.
This Owner’s Manual covers the INTERCEPTOR and INTERCEPTOR ABS models. You
may find descriptions of equipment and features that are not on your particular model.
All illustrations are based on the INTERCEPTOR ABS model, unless noted otherwise.
This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda
Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
The vehicle pictured on the front cover may not match your vehicle.
2006 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
06/09/06 11:42:22 31MCW650_002
2007
Honda VFR800/A
INTERCEPTOR/ABS
OWNER’S MANUAL
06/09/06 11:42:27 31MCW650_003
Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
motorcycle.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your motorcycle and how it works.
To protect your investment, we urge you
to take responsibility for keeping your
motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
Introduction
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section,
and both an in-depth table of contents and
an index at the back of the book.
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
06/09/06 11:42:33 31MCW650_004
Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 237 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important production information.
Introduction
06/09/06 11:42:38 31MCW650_005
A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely
is an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the motorcycle.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
06/09/06 11:42:43 31MCW650_006
A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Motorcycle Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
06/09/06 11:42:51 31MCW650_007
Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Motorcycle Safety ............................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.
Instruments & Controls ..................... 9
The location and function of indicators,
gauges, and controls on your
motorcycle and operating instructions
for various controls and features.
Contents
Before Riding ...................................... 41
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your motorcycle are ready
to ride, and important information about
loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 51
How to start and stop the engine, shift
gears, and brake. Also, riding
precautions and important information
about riding with a passenger or cargo.
06/09/06 11:43:03 31MCW650_008
Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 69
Why your motorcycle needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance and
adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 175
How to store and transport your
motorcycle and how to be an
environmentally-responsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 181
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 211
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 233
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 243
Table of Contents ............................... 244
Sequential listing of topics in this
owner’s manual.
Index..................................................... 248
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
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06/09/06 11:43:09 31MCW650_010
Motorcycle Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
motorcycle safely. Please take a few
moments to read these pages. This section
also includes information about the
location of safety labels on your
motorcycle.
Important Safety Information ................. 2
Accessories & Modifications .................. 5
Safety Labels ........................................... 7
Motorcycle Safety
1
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Important Safety Information
Your motorcycle can provide many years
of service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider most important.
2
Motorcycle Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 42 ).
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Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Because many accidents involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a certified course
approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 44 .
Ride Defensively
The most frequent motorcycle collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
motorcycle. Another common situation is
a car moving suddenly into your lane.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and
Practice Guide, which came with your
new motorcycle (USA only).
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see motorcycles
because they are not looking for them. To
make yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Motorcycle Safety
3
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Important Safety Information
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond
your personal abilities or faster than
conditions warrant. Remember that
alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can
significantly reduce your ability to make
good judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
4
Motorcycle Safety
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your motorcycle
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your motorcycle before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 49 ), and
do not modify your motorcycle (page 6 )
or install accessories that would make
your motorcycle unsafe (page 5 ).
06/09/06 11:43:30 31MCW650_014
Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using nonHonda accessories can make your
motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider
making any modifications or adding an
accessory, be sure to read the following
information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
genuine Honda accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
(cont’d)
Motorcycle Safety
5
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Accessories & Modifications
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the motorcycle’s
electrical system capacity (page 219 ).
A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights
or engine power (page 202 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
motorcycle. This motorcycle was not
designed for these attachments, and
their use can seriously impair your
motorcycle’s handling.
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your
motorcycle in any way that would change
its design or operation. Such changes
could seriously impair your motorcycle’s
handling, stability, and braking, making it
unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
motorcycle illegal.
6
Motorcycle Safety
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Safety Labels
Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause
serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and
don’t remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Motorcycle Safety
7
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Safety Labels
〈For USA〉
〈For Canada〉
8
Motorcycle Safety
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Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
motorcycle.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Operation Component Locations ............11
Gauges, Indicators & Displays................14
Multi-function Display........................24
Fuel Gauge...........................................25
Coolant Temperature Meter ................26
Air Temperature Meter .......................28
Speedometer ........................................30
Odometer .............................................30
Tripmeter A & B .................................31
Changing the Speed and
Mileage Unit ........................................32
Digital Clock .......................................33
(cont’d)
Instruments & Controls
9
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Instruments & Controls
Controls & Features.................................35
Ignition Switch ....................................35
Start Button..........................................36
Engine Stop Switch .............................36
Hazard Switch .....................................37
Headlight Dimmer Switch ..................38
Turn Signal Switch ..............................38
Horn Button .........................................39
SELECT Button ..................................39
RESET Button .....................................39
10
Instruments & Controls
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Operation Component Locations
ignition switch
clutch lever
front brake
lever
engine stop
switch
headlight dimmer
switch
throttle grip
turn signal switch
hazard switch
horn button
start button
Instruments & Controls
11
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Operation Component Locations
storage compartment for
U-shaped lock
helmet holder
rear brake pedal
12
Instruments & Controls
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Operation Component Locations
helmet holder
shift lever
Instruments & Controls
13
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
The gauges, indicators and displays on
your motorcycle keep you informed, alert
you to possible problems, and make your
riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to
the gauges, indicators and displays
frequently. Their functions are described
on the following pages.
(11) (12)(13)(14)
(1)
(2) (3) (4)(5) (6)
(7)
(10)
(9)
(8)
14
Instruments & Controls
(1) tachometer
(2) tachometer red zone
(3) anti-lock brake system (ABS)
indicator
(INTERCEPTOR ABS only)
(4) high beam indicator
(5) PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL)
(6) right turn signal indicator
(7) right multi-function display
(8) RESET button
(9) SELECT button
(10) left multi-function display
(11) left turn signal indicator
(12) low oil pressure indicator
(13) high coolant temperature indicator
(14) neutral indicator
06/09/06 11:44:39 31MCW650_024
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Lamp Check
The low oil pressure indicator comes on
when you turn the ignition switch ON so
you can check that it is working. The
indicator remains on until after the engine
is started.
The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
lights for a few seconds and then goes off
when you turn the ignition switch ON.
(INTERCEPTOR ABS only)
The anti-lock brake system (ABS)
indicator comes on when you turn the
ignition switch ON. This indicator goes
off after you ride the motorcycle at a
speed above 6 mph (10 km/h).
When applicable, the high beam and
neutral indicators come on when you turn
the ignition switch ON and remain on until
you select the low beam or shift out of
neutral.
These indicators are identified in the table
on pages 18 − 23 with the words: Lamp
Check.
If one of these indicators does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for burned-out bulbs or other
problems.
Instruments & Controls
15
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Display Check
When the ignition switch is turned ON, the
left multi-function display ( 1 ) and right
multi-function display ( 2 ) will
temporarily show all the modes and digital
segments so you can make sure the liquid
crystal display is functioning properly.
(Except digital clock)
16
Instruments & Controls
The displays are identified in the table on
pages 20 − 22 with the words: Display
Check.
If any part of these displays does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for problems.
06/09/06 11:44:48 31MCW650_026
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
(1)
(2)
(1) left multi-function display
(2) right multi-function display
Instruments & Controls
17
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
1
2
tachometer
tachometer red zone
3
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) indicator (red)
(INTERCEPTOR ABS)
4
high beam indicator
(blue)
18
Instruments & Controls
Shows engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).
Shows excessive engine rpm range (indicated from
the beginning of the tachometer red zone) in which
operation may damage the engine. Do not let the
tachometer needle enter the red zone.
Lights when there is any abnormality in the anti-lock
brake system (ABS). Normally, this indicator comes
on when the ignition switch is turned ON, and goes
off after you ride the motorcycle at a speed above 6
mph (10 km/h). If the indicator comes on while
riding, stop the motorcycle in a safe place and turn
off the engine. Refer to ABS Indicator, page 62 .
For information about ABS, see page 61 . Lamp
Check.
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
06/09/06 11:45:01 31MCW650_028
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
5
PGM-FI malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL)
(red)
6
right turn signal
indicator (amber)
Flashes when there is any abnormality in the PGMFI (Programmed Fuel Injection) system. Should also
light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON and the engine stop
switch is at RUN. If the indicator comes on at any
other time, reduce speed and take your motorcycle to
a Honda dealer as soon as possible. Lamp Check.
Flashes when the right turn signal operates.
Instruments & Controls
19
06/09/06 11:45:10 31MCW650_029
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
7
right multi-function
display
tripmeter A & B
odometer
fuel gauge
digital clock
20
Instruments & Controls
The display includes the following functions:
Display Check.
Shows the number of miles or kilometers ridden
since you last reset the meter. The tripmeter has two
sub modes, ‘‘A’’ and ‘‘B.’’ To zero (0) the tripmeter,
press the RESET button (page 31 ).
Shows the total miles or kilometers ridden (page
30 ).
Shows approximate fuel supply available (page 25 ).
When segment F comes on, the fuel tank capacity is:
5.81 US gal (22.0 )
When segment E flashes while riding, fuel reserved
in the tank is about:
0.92 US gal (3.5 )
Shows hour and minute (page 33 ).
06/09/06 11:45:16 31MCW650_030
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
8
RESET button
9
SELECT button
Selects odometer and tripmeter A or B and resets the
tripmeter to zero (0) (page 31 ).
Also used to set the digital clock (page 33 ).
Selects coolant or air temperature meter (page 26 )
and changes speed and mileage units for the
speedometer/odometer/tripmeter (page 32 ).
Also used to set the digital clock (page 33 ).
Instruments & Controls
21
06/09/06 11:45:24 31MCW650_031
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
10
left multi-function
display
speedometer
coolant temperature
meter
air temperature meter
22
Instruments & Controls
The display includes the following functions:
Display Check.
Shows riding speed in miles or kilometers per hour
(page 30 ).
Shows engine coolant temperature digitally (page
26 ).
USA: Fahrenheit (°F), Canada: Centigrade (°C).
If the display begins to flash and a red bar appears
on the display, pull safely to the side of the road. See
page 199 for instructions and cautions.
Shows air (ambient) temperature (page 28 ).
USA : Fahrenheit (°F), Canada : Centigrade (°C).
06/09/06 11:45:32 31MCW650_032
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
11
12
left turn signal indicator
(amber)
low oil pressure indicator
(red)
13
high coolant temperature
indicator (red)
14
neutral indicator (green)
Flashes when the left turn signal operates.
Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to
cause engine damage. If the low oil pressure
indicator lights during operation, pull safely to the
side of the road. See page 201 for instructions and
cautions. Lamp Check.
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to
the side of the road. See pages 199 − 200 for
instructions and cautions.
Lights when the transmission is in neutral.
Instruments & Controls
23
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Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Multi-function Display
(1) (2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
The left multi-function display ( 1 )
includes the following functions:
coolant/air temperature meter
speedometer
The right multi-function display ( 4 )
includes the following functions:
odometer/tripmeter
fuel gauge
digital clock
Both the digital clock and tripmeter will
reset if the battery is disconnected.
24
Instruments & Controls
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(1) left multi-function display
(2) coolant/air temperature meter
(3) speedometer
(4) right multi-function display
(5) odometer/tripmeter
(6) fuel gauge
(7) digital clock
(8) SELECT button
(9) RESET button
06/09/06 11:45:45 31MCW650_034
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Fuel Gauge
The fuel gauge liquid crystal display ( 1 )
shows the approximate fuel supply
available in a graduated display. When
segment F ( 2 ) goes on, the fuel tank
capacity is:
5.81 US gal (22.0 )
When segment E ( 3 ) flashes, you should
refill the tank as soon as possible.
The amount of fuel remaining when the
flashing starts is approximately:
0.92 US gal (3.5 )
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) fuel gauge display
(2) segment F
(3) segment E
Instruments & Controls
25
06/09/06 11:45:54 31MCW650_035
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Temperature Display
Coolant Temperature Meter
The coolant temperature meter ( 1 ) shows
the coolant temperature digitally.
USA : Fahrenheit (°F),
Canada : Centigrade (°C).
If the air temperature is displayed, push
the SELECT button ( 4 ) to display the
coolant temperature.
Below
94 °F (34 °C)
Between
95 °F − 270 °F
(35 °C − 132 °C)
Above
270 °F (132 °C)
‘‘--’’ is displayed
Actual coolant
temperature is
displayed
The display remains
‘‘270 °F (132 °C)’’
〈For USA〉
(1)
(2)
〈For Canada〉
(1)
(2)
(1) coolant temperature meter
(2) black bar
26
Instruments & Controls
06/09/06 11:46:02 31MCW650_036
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Overheating Message:
When the coolant temperature reaches
251°F (122°C), the numbers in the
temperature display start flashing and the
black bar ( 2 ) under the numbers becomes
a red bar ( 3 ).
At the same time, the high coolant
temperature indicator ( 5 ) lights.
If this occurs, stop the engine and check
the reserve tank coolant level. Read pages
114 − 117 and do not ride the
motorcycle until the problem has been
corrected.
If the coolant temperature reaches 251°F
(122°C) while the air temperature display
is selected, the display will automatically
switch to coolant temperature.
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
〈For USA〉
(3)
〈For Canada〉
(3)
(4)
(5)
(3) red bar
(4) SELECT button
(5) high coolant temperature indicator
Instruments & Controls
27
06/09/06 11:46:09 31MCW650_037
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Temperature Display
Air Temperature Meter
The air temperature meter ( 1 ) shows the
air temperature digitally.
USA : Fahrenheit (°F),
Canada : Centigrade (°C).
If the coolant temperature is displayed,
push the SELECT button ( 2 ) to display
the air temperature.
28
Instruments & Controls
Below
13°F (-11°C)
Between
14°F − 122°F
(-10°C − 50°C)
Above
122°F (50°C)
‘‘--’’ is displayed
Actual air
temperature is
indicated
The display will
remain ‘‘122°F
(50°C)’’
The temperature sensor is located in the
upper fairing. Therefore, the temperature
reading can be affected by heat reflection
from the road surface, engine heat, and the
exhaust from the surrounding traffic. This
can cause an error in the temperature
reading when your speed is under 19 mph
(30 km/h).
06/09/06 11:46:13 31MCW650_038
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
〈For USA〉
(1)
〈For Canada〉
(1)
(2)
(1) air temperature meter
(2) SELECT button
Instruments & Controls
29
06/09/06 11:46:22 31MCW650_039
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Speedometer
The speedometer ( 1 ) shows riding speed
in miles or kilometers per hour.
The speedometer will show ‘‘mph’’
(USA) or ‘‘km/h’’ (Canada) when the
battery is reconnected.
However, you may check the complete
odometer reading when the ignition switch
is turned ON. The missing sixth digit
(indicating hundreds of thousands of miles
or kilometers) will display by itself for
0.75 seconds. Then, the odometer will
display the maximum 5 digits.
Odometer
The odometer ( 2 ) shows the total miles or
kilometers ridden.
This meter can display from 0 to 99,999
miles (kilometers). If the display exceeds
99,999 miles (kilometers), it will return to
0 automatically.
(1)
Example: the case of 123,000 miles run.
(2)
(1) speedometer
(2) odometer
30
Instruments & Controls
06/09/06 11:46:28 31MCW650_040
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Tripmeter A & B
(2)
The tripmeter shows number of miles or
kilometers ridden since you last reset the
meter.
The tripmeter has two sub modes, A ( 3 )
and B ( 4 ).
(3)
(4)
(5)
Push the RESET button ( 5 ) to switch
between the odometer ( 2 ), tripmeter A
( 3 ) and tripmeter B ( 4 ).
To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the
RESET button ( 5 ) with the display in the
tripmeter A or B mode.
(3) tripmeter A
(4) tripmeter B
(5) RESET button
Instruments & Controls
31
06/09/06 11:46:33 31MCW650_041
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Changing the Speed and
Mileage Unit
The speedometer displays both ‘‘mph’’
and ‘‘km/h.’’
The odometer/tripmeter displays both
‘‘mile’’ and ‘‘km.’’
Press and hold the SELECT button ( 1 ) to
select ‘‘mph’’/‘‘mile’’ and ‘‘km/h’’/
‘‘km.’’
(1)
(1) SELECT button
32
Instruments & Controls
06/09/06 11:46:39 31MCW650_042
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
Digital Clock
Shows hour and minute. To adjust the time,
proceed as follows:
1. Turn the ignition switch ON.
2. Push and hold both the SELECT button
( 2 ) and RESET button ( 3 ) for more
than 2 seconds. The digital clock ( 1 )
will be set in the adjust mode with the
display flashing.
(1)
(3)
(2)
(1) digital clock
(2) SELECT button
(3) RESET button
Instruments & Controls
33
06/09/06 11:46:44 31MCW650_043
Gauges, Indicators & Displays
3. Push the RESET button until the
desired time and AM/PM are displayed.
The time is advanced by one minute,
each time the button is pushed.
The time is advanced by ten minutes,
when the button is pushed and held.
34
Instruments & Controls
4. To end the adjustment, press the
RESET button 5 seconds after the last
adjustment, or turn the ignition switch
OFF.
06/09/06 11:46:56 31MCW650_044
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch
Key Position
The ignition switch ( 1 ) is used for starting
and stopping the engine (page 53 ) and to
lock the steering for theft prevention (page
64 ). Insert the key and turn it to the right
for the ON position. Push down on the key
and turn it to the left to the LOCK
(steering lock) position.
(hazard)
ON
OFF
FRONT
ON
OFF
LOCK
(1)
(hazard)
LOCK
(steering
lock)
Function
When the hazard
switch is ON, both
the left and right
turn signals flash.
Engine and lights
cannot be
operated.
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
No electrical circuits
function. Locks the
steering head.
To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push down on the key and turn it to the
right to the OFF position.
(1) ignition switch
Instruments & Controls
35
06/09/06 11:47:03 31MCW650_045
Controls & Features
Start Button
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 54 .
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine; the headlight
will automatically go out, but the taillight
will stay on.
The starter motor will not operate if the
engine stop switch is in the OFF position
or the ignition switch is in the (hazard)
position when the start button is pushed.
36
Instruments & Controls
Engine Stop Switch
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
OFF
RUN
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF ( ) position.
The switch must be in the RUN ( )
position to start the engine, and it should
normally remain in the RUN ( )
position even when the engine is OFF.
06/09/06 11:47:09 31MCW650_046
Controls & Features
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
ignition switch ON and the engine stop
switch OFF ( ), the headlight and
taillight will remain on, resulting in
battery discharge.
Be sure to turn the switch off when the
hazard warning is no longer required, or
the turn signals will not work properly and
may confuse other drivers.
Hazard Switch
The hazard switch ( 3 ) should be used only
when the motorcycle is stopped under
emergency or hazardous condition.
To operate, turn the ignition key to the ON
or
(hazard) position, and slide the
hazard switch. The front and rear turn
signals will blink simultaneously until you
slide the switch again.
(3)
(3) hazard switch
Instruments & Controls
37
06/09/06 11:47:16 31MCW650_047
Controls & Features
Headlight Dimmer Switch
Turn Signal Switch
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking. To
cancel the light, push the switch in.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
38
Instruments & Controls
HI
LO
06/09/06 11:47:23 31MCW650_048
Controls & Features
Horn Button
RESET Button
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
SELECT Button
The RESET button is used to switch
between the odometer and the two
tripmeter (A & B) displays. To operate,
press the button.
The SELECT button is used to switch
between the coolant and air temperature
displays. To operate, press the button.
To reset (zero) either tripmeter, press and
hold the button for about 2−3 seconds
until the display changes to zero.
The SELECT button is also used to
change the speed and mileage units for the
speedometer/odometer/tripmeter. To
change the unit, press and hold the button
(page 32 ).
The RESET button is also used to set the
digital clock (page 33 ).
The SELECT button is also used to set the
digital clock (page 33 ).
Instruments & Controls
39
06/09/06 11:47:26 31MCW650_049
40
Instruments & Controls
06/09/06 11:47:35 31MCW650_050
Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your motorcycle, and adjustments to make
for your comfort, convenience, or safety.
This section also includes important
information about loading.
Are You Ready to Ride? .........................42
Protective Apparel ...............................42
Rider Training .....................................44
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .......45
Pre-ride Inspection ..............................45
Load Limits & Guidelines.......................48
Loading ................................................48
Load Limits .........................................49
Loading Guidelines .............................49
For information about adjusting the
suspension on your Honda, see page 134 .
Before Riding
41
06/09/06 11:47:44 31MCW650_051
Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your motorcycle for the
first time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
If you must carry an extra helmet while
riding, use a commercially-available
elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the
helmet to the seat.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
Make sure your passenger is ready to ride,
too, and is wearing proper gear including a
helmet.
42
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
06/09/06 11:47:52 31MCW650_052
Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker in any helmet you buy (USA only).
Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye
protection, and other protective
apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
43
06/09/06 11:47:57 31MCW650_053
Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your
motorcycle.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other motorcycles, take time to become
familiar with how this motorcycle works
and handles. Practice riding the
motorcycle in a safe area to build your
skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get
accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls,
and feel comfortable with its size and
weight.
44
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a certified
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). New riders should
start with the basic course, and even
experienced riders will find the advanced
course beneficial. For information about
the MSF training course nearest you, call
the national toll-free number: (800) 4469227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
motorcycle (USA only).
06/09/06 11:48:05 31MCW650_054
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your motorcycle and make sure any
problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the motorcycle:
Tires
&
Wheels
Look at the tires. If a tire
appears low, use an air
pressure gauge to check its
pressure. Also look for
signs of excessive wear
(page 149 ) or damage to
the tires and wheels.
Chain
Check the condition of the
chain. Adjust slack and
lubricate as needed (page
156 ).
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
45
06/09/06 11:48:14 31MCW650_055
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Lights
46
Walk around your
motorcycle and look for
anything that appears
unusual, such as a leak or
loose cable.
Make sure the headlight,
brakelight, taillight, and
turn signals are working
properly.
Before Riding
If you are carrying a passenger or cargo,
also check the following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not
exceed the load limits
(page 49 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is
secure.
Adjustments
Adjust the suspension
(pages 135 , 137 )
according to your load.
06/09/06 11:48:22 31MCW650_056
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
motorcycle:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to
check it moves smoothly
without binding.
Brakes
Pull the brake lever and
press on the brake pedal
to check that they
operate normally.
Indicators
If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in
over a week, you should also check other
items, such as the oil level and other fluids.
See Periodic Maintenance (page 76 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal
operation of the
indicators (page 14 ).
Before Riding
47
06/09/06 11:48:27 31MCW650_057
Load Limits & Guidelines
Your motorcycle has been designed to
carry you and one passenger. When you
carry a passenger, you may feel some
difference during acceleration and braking.
But so long as you keep your motorcycle
well-maintained, with good tires and
brakes, you can safely carry loads within
the given limits and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your motorcycle’s handling,
braking, and stability. Non-Honda
accessories, improper modifications, and
poor maintenance can also reduce your
safety margin.
48
Before Riding
Loading
How much weight you put on your
motorcycle, and how you load it, are
important to your safety. Anytime you
ride with a passenger or cargo, you should
be aware of the following information.
Overloading or improper loading
can cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
06/09/06 11:48:36 31MCW650_058
Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
Loading Guidelines
Following are the load limits for your
motorcycle:
Your motorcycle is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You
may wish to secure a jacket or other small
items to the seat when you are not riding
with a passenger.
maximum weight capacity:
399 lbs (181 kg)
408 lbs (185 kg) (Canada only)
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.
maximum cargo weight:
77 lbs (35 kg)
The weight of added accessories will
reduce the maximum cargo weight you
can carry.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check
with your Honda dealer for advice, and be
sure to read the information regarding
accessories on page 5 .
Improperly loading your motorcycle can
affect its stability and handling. Even if
your motorcycle is properly loaded, you
should ride at reduced speeds and never
exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying
cargo.
Before Riding
49
06/09/06 11:48:43 31MCW650_059
Load Limits & Guidelines
Follow these guidelines whenever you
carry a passenger or cargo:
Check that both tires are properly
inflated (page 147 ).
If you change your normal load, you
may need to adjust the front suspension
(page 135 ) and the rear suspension
(page 137 ).
To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied
down securely before you ride.
Place cargo weight as low and close to
the center of your motorcycle as
possible.
Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
50
Before Riding
06/09/06 11:48:53 31MCW650_060
Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch,
and brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with a passenger or
cargo.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 222 ).
To protect the catalytic converter in your
motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid
extended idling and the use of leaded
gasoline.
Safe Riding Precautions ..........................52
Starting & Stopping the Engine ..............53
Preparation...........................................53
Starting Procedure ...............................54
Flooded Engine ...................................55
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition
Cut-off System ....................................55
How to Stop the Engine ......................56
Shifting Gears ..........................................57
Braking ....................................................59
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
(INTERCEPTOR ABS) ......................61
ABS Indicator
(INTERCEPTOR ABS) ......................62
Parking .....................................................63
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ...........68
Basic Operation & Riding
51
06/09/06 11:48:58 31MCW650_061
Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your motorcycle for the first
time, please review the Motorcycle Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on page
41 .
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when riding,
idling, or parking your motorcycle.
52
Basic Operation & Riding
06/09/06 11:49:06 31MCW650_062
Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust
contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas
which can collect rapidly in an enclosed
area and cause illness or death.
Your motorcycle can be started with the
transmission in gear by pulling in the
clutch lever before operating the starter.
Your motorcycle is equipped with a side
stand ignition cut-off system. If the side
stand is down––the engine cannot be
started unless the transmission is in neutral.
If the side stand is up––the engine can be
started in neutral, or in gear with the
clutch lever pulled in. After starting with
the side stand down, the engine will stop if
the transmission is put in gear before
raising the side stand.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The transmission is in neutral (neutral
indicator light ON).
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
The PGM-FI indicator is OFF.
Basic Operation & Riding
53
06/09/06 11:49:12 31MCW650_063
Starting & Stopping the Engine
The low oil pressure indicator should go
off a few seconds after the engine starts.
If the low oil pressure indicator lights
during operation, stop the engine
immediately and check the engine oil level.
Starting Procedure
This motorcycle has a fuel-injected engine
with an automatic fast idle. Follow the
procedure indicated below.
Any Air Temperature
Press the start button with the throttle
completely closed.
The engine will not start if the throttle is
fully open (because the electronic control
module cuts off the fuel supply).
54
Basic Operation & Riding
06/09/06 11:49:22 31MCW650_064
Starting & Stopping the Engine
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded with excess
fuel. To clear a flooded engine:
1. Leave the engine stop switch set to
RUN.
2. Open the throttle fully.
3. Press the start button for 5 seconds.
4. Follow the normal starting procedure.
5. If the engine starts, then open the
throttle slightly if idling is unstable.
If the engine does not start, wait 10
seconds, then follow steps 1 − 4 again.
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition
Cut-off System
Your motorcycle’s banking (lean angle)
sensor system is designed to automatically
stop the engine and fuel pump if the
motorcycle is overturned.
Before restarting the engine, you must
turn the ignition switch to the OFF
position and then back to ON. The engine
will not restart until you perform this
procedure.
If the engine still won’t start, refer to If
Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start, page
183 .
Basic Operation & Riding
55
06/09/06 11:49:28 31MCW650_065
Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, shift into neutral and
turn the ignition switch OFF.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
engine stop switch OFF and the ignition
switch ON, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
56
Basic Operation & Riding
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
06/09/06 11:49:36 31MCW650_066
Shifting Gears
shifting pattern
Your motorcycle has six forward gears in
a one-down, five-up shift pattern which is
coordinated with a hydraulically actuated
clutch system.
Learning when to shift gears comes with
experience. Keep the following tips in
mind:
As a general rule, shift while moving in
a straight line.
Close the throttle and pull the clutch
lever in completely before shifting.
Improper shifting may damage the
engine, transmission, and drive train.
Learn to recognize the engagement
point as you release the clutch lever. It
is at this point the transmission of
power to the rear wheel resumes.
Upshift to a higher gear or reduce
throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets
too high. Learn the relationship between
engine sound and the normal shifting
points.
Downshift to a lower gear before you
feel the engine laboring (lugging) at
low rpm.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
57
06/09/06 11:49:45 31MCW650_067
Shifting Gears
Avoid downshifting to help slow your
motorcycle when engine rpm is near its
allowable maximum (near the
tachometer red zone). In this situation,
the rev limiter in the engine ignition
control module may not prevent
excessive engine speed which could
damage the engine.
To prevent transmission damage, do not
coast or tow the motorcycle for long
distances with the engine off.
Recommended Shift Points
Ride in the highest gear that lets the
engine run and accelerate smoothly. This
will give you good fuel economy and
effective emissions control. When
changing gears under normal conditions,
use these recommended shift points:
58
Basic Operation & Riding
Shif ting Up:
From 1st to 2nd:
From 2nd to 3rd:
From 3rd to 4th:
From 4th to 5th:
From 5th to 6th:
12 mph (20 km/h)
19 mph (30 km/h)
25 mph (40 km/h)
31 mph (50 km/h)
37 mph (60 km/h)
Shif ting Down:
From 6th to 5th:
From 5th to 4th:
From 4th to 3rd:
28 mph (45 km/h)
22 mph (35 km/h)
16 mph (25 km/h)
Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops
below 9 mph (15 km/h), when engine
roughness is evident, or when engine
stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st
gear for acceleration.
06/09/06 11:49:51 31MCW650_068
Braking
Your motorcycle is equipped with a
Linked Braking System. Operating the
front brake lever applies the front brake
and a portion of the rear brake. Operating
the rear brake pedal applies the rear brake
and a portion of the front brake. For full
braking effectiveness, use both the lever
and pedal simultaneously, as you would
with a conventional motorcycle braking
system.
Model Not Equipped with ABS:
As with a conventional motorcycle
braking system, excessively hard
application of the brake controls may
cause wheel lock, reducing control of the
motorcycle.
To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and
brake pedal smoothly, while downshifting
to match your speed.
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed. The increase
in engine compression from downshifting
will help slow your motorcycle.
To prevent stalling the engine, pull the
clutch lever in before coming to a
complete stop. For support, put your left
foot down first, then your right foot when
you are through using the brake pedal.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your motorcycle. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
Basic Operation & Riding
59
06/09/06 11:49:56 31MCW650_069
Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your motorcycle.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 44 ) to retain these skills.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control. For
60
Basic Operation & Riding
your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade,
use engine compression braking by
downshifting, with intermittent use of
both brakes. Continuous brake
application can overheat the brakes and
reduce their effectiveness.
Riding with your foot resting on the
brake pedal or your hand on the brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving
a false indication to other drivers. It
may also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
06/09/06 11:50:03 31MCW650_070
Braking
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
(INTERCEPTOR ABS)
This model is also equipped with an Antilock Brake System (ABS) designed to help
prevent wheel lock up during hard braking
on uneven or other poor surfaces while
running straight. Although the wheel may
not lock up−if you are braking too hard
in a turn the motorcycle can still lose
traction, causing a loss of control.
In some situations, a motorcycle with ABS
may require a longer stopping distance to
stop on loose or uneven surfaces than an
equivalent motorcycle without ABS.
ABS cannot make up for road conditions,
bad judgment, or improper operation of
the brakes. It is still your responsibility to
ride at reasonable speeds for weather, road
surface, and traffic conditions, and to
leave a margin of safety.
ABS is self-checking and always on.
ABS may be activated by riding over a
sharp drop or rise in the road level.
It is important to follow the tire
recommendations (page 152 ). The ABS
computer works by comparing wheel
speed. Non-recommended tires can affect
wheel speed and may confuse the ABS
computer.
ABS does not function at low speeds
(approximately 6 mph (10 km/h) or
below).
ABS does not function if the battery is
discharged.
Basic Operation & Riding
61
06/09/06 11:50:08 31MCW650_071
Braking
ABS Indicator
(INTERCEPTOR ABS)
Normally, this indicator comes on when
the ignition is turned ON, and goes off
after you ride the motorcycle at a speed
above 6 mph (10 km/h). If there is an ABS
problem, the indicator comes on and
remains on. The ABS system does not
operate when the ABS indicator is on.
If the ABS indicator comes on while
riding, stop the motorcycle in a safe place
and turn off the engine.
Turn the ignition ON again. The indicator
should come on, and go off after you ride
the motorcycle at speeds above 6 mph (10
km/h). If it does not go off, ABS is not
62
Basic Operation & Riding
functioning, but the brakes still work the
Linked Braking System and provide
normal stopping ability. However, you
should have the system checked by Honda
dealer as soon as possible.
The ABS indicator may come on if you
turn the rear wheel while the motorcycle is
upright on the stand. This is normal. Turn
the ignition OFF, then turn it ON. The
indicator should come on, then go off
after you run the motorcycle above 6 mph
(10 km/h).
06/09/06 11:50:15 31MCW650_072
Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm.
If you must park on a hill, leave the
transmission in gear.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when
parking your motorcycle. Refer to
Catalytic Converter, page 229 .
2. Use the side stand to support the
motorcycle while parked.
To lower the side stand, use your foot
to guide it down. Remember that
lowering the side stand with the
transmission in gear will stop the
engine, even if the clutch lever is
pulled in. That is a function of the
side stand ignition cut-off system.
Check that the side stand is down all
the way so that the side stand ignition
cut-off system (page 53 ) is activated.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
63
06/09/06 11:50:21 31MCW650_073
Parking
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the
center stand for support.
To lower the center stand, stand on
the left side of the motorcycle. Hold
the left hand grip with your left hand
and, with your right hand, grasp the
holder above the passenger footpeg.
Press down on the tip of the stand
with your right foot and,
simultaneously, pull up and back on
the hand grip.
3. Use the steering lock, which locks the
handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar
all the way to the left or right. Push in
on the ignition key ( 1 ) and turn it to
LOCK. Remove the key.
FRONT CENTER
(1)
(A)
(B)
(C)
(A)
(1) ignition key
64
Basic Operation & Riding
(A) push in
(B) turn to LOCK
(C) turn to UNLOCK
06/09/06 11:50:28 31MCW650_074
Parking
4. Use the helmet holder to secure your
helmet with your motorcycle:
Remove the seat (page 90 ).
Hang your helmet on the holder
hooks ( 1 ).
Install the seat.
(1)
Riding with a helmet attached to
the holder can interfere with the
rear wheel or suspension and
could cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Use the helmet holder only while
parked. Do not ride with a helmet
secured by the holder.
(1) holder hooks
Basic Operation & Riding
65
06/09/06 11:50:34 31MCW650_075
Parking
Theft-Prevention Tips
Park your motorcycle in a locked
garage whenever possible. If a garage
isn’t available, park in a concealed area
or in a well-lit area with enough
pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 64 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a motorcycle to a
secure object.
66
Basic Operation & Riding
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
The rear fender has a storage
compartment to store a U-shaped lock
under the seat. After storing, use the
rubber band ( 1 ) to securely fasten the
lock. Some U-shaped locks may not be
stored in the compartment due to their
size or design.
06/09/06 11:50:38 31MCW650_076
Parking
UNDER SEAT
(1)
(1) rubber band
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your motorcycle. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.
Basic Operation & Riding
67
06/09/06 11:50:44 31MCW650_077
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo
Your motorcycle is a high-performance
sport model designed to carry you and one
passenger. Whenever you add a passenger
or cargo, you must be careful not to
exceed the total load limits for this vehicle
(Load Limits, page 49 ). Make sure your
cargo is properly secured (Loading
Guidelines, page 49 ).
Also consider adjusting the suspension
(page 134 ) for the extra load.
Be aware that carrying a passenger or
heavy cargo can affect acceleration,
braking, and handling.
68
Basic Operation & Riding
Before riding with a passenger, make sure
your passenger is wearing the proper
protective apparel (page 42 ). Also check
that your passenger is not wearing any
loose apparel that might get caught in the
drive chain.
Tell your passenger to hold the grab rail or
your waist, lean with you in the turns, and
keep their feet on the passenger footpegs
at all times, even when the motorcycle is
stopped at a traffic light.
06/09/06 11:50:54 31MCW650_078
Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your motorcycle in good
shape, this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), see page 223 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance .............72
Maintenance Safety .................................73
Important Safety Precautions ..............74
Periodic Maintenance ..............................76
Maintenance Schedule ............................78
Maintenance Record................................83
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 202 .
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
69
06/09/06 11:51:13 31MCW650_079
Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations .......85
Tool Kit....................................................88
Owner’s Manual Storage.........................89
Seat Removal ...........................................90
Rear Seat Cover .......................................91
Lower Fairing Removal ..........................93
Inner Fairing Removal ............................95
Inner Panel Removal ...............................96
Clip Removal ...........................................97
Raising the Fuel Tank .............................98
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................
Engine Oil & Filter..............................
Coolant.................................................
Air Cleaner ..........................................
70
Servicing Your Honda
100
104
114
118
Engine
Throttle ................................................
Clutch System......................................
Engine Idle Speed................................
Spark Plugs ..........................................
120
122
125
127
Chassis
Suspension ...........................................
Braking ................................................
Tires .....................................................
Side Stand ............................................
Drive Chain .........................................
134
141
147
154
155
Electrical
Battery ................................................. 162
Appearance Care ................................. 167
06/09/06 11:51:25 31MCW650_080
Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
45
Periodic Maintenance
76
Maintenance Schedule
78
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
*
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your
motorcycle
**
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
Servicing Your Honda
71
06/09/06 11:51:30 31MCW650_081
The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained motorcycle will also
help to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your motorcycle before each ride, perform
the periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your motorcycle overturns or is
involved in a crash, be sure your Honda
dealer inspects all major parts, even if you
are able to make some repairs.
72
Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:51:35 31MCW650_082
Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the tools provided with your motorcycle.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
73
06/09/06 11:51:40 31MCW650_083
Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot motorcycle parts. Let
the engine and exhaust system cool
before touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
74
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the motorcycle from
falling over, park it on a firm, level
surface, using the center stand.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
06/09/06 11:51:44 31MCW650_084
Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your motorcycle best and is fully equipped
to maintain and repair it. To ensure the
best quality and reliability, use only new
genuine Honda parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual (page
234 ).
Servicing Your Honda
75
06/09/06 11:51:48 31MCW650_085
Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 78 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 45 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your motorcycle, or as often as
once a week if you ride frequently or for
long distances. It’s a good idea to perform
this maintenance any time you clean your
motorcycle.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 78 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
76
Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:51:59 31MCW650_086
Periodic Maintenance
Tires &
Wheels
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Drive Chain
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 148 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 149 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 149 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the
entire surface.
Check the condition of the wheels.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 108 ), coolant (page 115 ),
clutch fluid (page 123 ) and brake fluid (page 143 ). Add the correct
fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid level.
Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 122 ), throttle grip (page
120 ), and the front brake lever (page 141 ) and rear brake pedal.
Check condition, adjust slack, and lubricate as needed (page 155 ).
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Servicing Your Honda
77
06/09/06 11:52:03 31MCW650_087
Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your motorcycle serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
78
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 234 ).
06/09/06 11:52:09 31MCW650_088
Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only genuine
Honda parts or their equivalents for repair
or replacement to ensure the best quality
and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 45 )
and owner maintenance (page 80 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your dealer,
unless the owner has proper tools and
service data and is mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 234 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
79
06/09/06 11:52:16 31MCW650_089
Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer reading, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently when riding in
unusually wet or dusty areas.
3. Replace every 2 years, or at indicated
odometer interval, whichever comes
first. Replacement requires mechanical
skill.
80
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
06/09/06 11:52:27 31MCW650_090
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
**
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
Refer to
20
24
12
16
4
8
page
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
I
I
I
−
I
I
I
−
119
R
R
127
EVERY 16,000 mi (25,600 km) I,
EVERY 32,000 mi (51,200 km) R
I
−
108
INITIAL = 600 mi (1,000 km) or 1 month: R
REGULAR = EVERY 8,000 mi (12,800 km) or 12 months: R
109
R
R
R
R
125
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
115
R
I
I
I
I
I
−
I
I
I
−
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
FUEL LINE
THROTTLE OPERATION
AIR CLEANER
SPARK PLUGS
2
VALVE CLEARANCE
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL FILTER
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
RADIATOR COOLANT
COOLING SYSTEM
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
SYSTEM
EVAPORATIVE EMISSION
CONTROL SYSTEM
3
0.6
1.0
I
I
−
Should be serviced by your dealer, unless the owner has proper tools and service data and is mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 234 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
81
06/09/06 11:52:37 31MCW650_091
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
NON-EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
**
82
DRIVE CHAIN
BRAKE FLUID
BRAKE PADS WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKELIGHT SWITCH
*
HEADLIGHT AIM
*
CLUTCH SYSTEM
CLUTCH FLUID
SIDE STAND
SUSPENSION
*
NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
*
** WHEELS/TIRES
** STEERING HEAD
BEARINGS
3
3
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
20
24
12
16
0.6
4
8
1.0
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
EVERY 500 mi (800 km) I, L
I
R
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to
page
155
142
145
146
−
−
122
123
154
−
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your dealer, unless the owner has proper tools and service data and is mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 234 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:52:43 31MCW650_092
Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the
motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.
Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled
maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal
owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to
record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600 (1,000)
4,000 (6,400)
8,000 (12,800)
12,000 (19,200)
16,000 (25,600)
20,000 (32,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
83
06/09/06 11:52:50 31MCW650_093
Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
24,000 (38,400)
28,000 (44,800)
32,000 (51,200)
36,000 (57,600)
40,000 (64,000)
44,000 (70,400)
48,000 (76,800)
52,000 (83,200)
56,000 (89,600)
60,000 (96,000)
64,000 (102,400)
68,000 (108,800)
84
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
06/09/06 11:52:54 31MCW650_094
Maintenance Component Locations
clutch fluid
reservoir
front brake fluid
reservoir
front brake lever
clutch lever
throttle grip
fuel fill cap
Servicing Your Honda
85
06/09/06 11:52:58 31MCW650_095
Maintenance Component Locations
front suspension spring pre-load adjuster
rear suspension spring pre-load adjuster
(INTERCEPTOR ABS only)
spark plugs
rear brake
fluid reservoir
owner’s manual
fuse box
front brake
caliper
tool kit
rear brake caliper
rear brake pedal
86
Servicing Your Honda
engine oil filler cap
engine oil level inspection window
06/09/06 11:53:02 31MCW650_096
Maintenance Component Locations
rear suspension spring pre-load adjuster
(INTERCEPTOR only)
rear suspension rebound
damping adjuster
main fuse (A, B)
battery
front suspension spring
pre-load adjuster
fuse box
(INTERCEPTOR
ABS only)
spark plugs
drive chain
coolant reserve tank
Servicing Your Honda
87
06/09/06 11:53:07 31MCW650_097
Tool Kit
The tool kit ( 1 ) is stored under the seat
(page 90 ).
An optional, larger tool kit may be
available. Check with your Honda dealer’s
parts department.
UNDER SEAT
(1)
(1) tool kit
88
Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:53:12 31MCW650_098
Owner’s Manual Storage
Your motorcycle provides storage for the
owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you
for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag ( 1 ) in the storage
compartment ( 2 ) under the seat.
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your motorcycle.
UNDER SEAT
(1)
(2)
(1) owner’s manual storage bag
(2) owner’s manual storage
compartment
Servicing Your Honda
89
06/09/06 11:53:24 31MCW650_099
Seat Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
The seat must be removed for battery,
main fuse and rear brake reservoir
maintenance, to use the helmet holder, to
access the tool kit and owner’s manual, or
to lift the fuel tank.
(6)
(3)
(7)
(4)
(2)
(5)
(1) ignition key
(2) seat lock
(3) seat
90
(1)
(4) front prongs
(5) front stays
(6) rear prongs
(7) rear stays
Servicing Your Honda
Removal
1. Insert the ignition key ( 1 ) into the seat
lock ( 2 ).
2. Turn it clockwise and pull up on the
rear of the seat ( 3 ).
3. Pull the seat back and up.
Installation
1. Insert the front prongs ( 4 ) into the front
stays ( 5 ) and the rear prongs ( 6 ) into
the rear stays ( 7 ) on the frame.
2. Push forward and then down on the rear
of the seat.
Be sure to securely lock the seat after
reinstalling it.
06/09/06 11:53:33 31MCW650_100
Rear Seat Cover
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Installation
1. Remove the seat (page 90 ).
2. Remove the caps (1), grab rail mounting
bolts (2) and washers (3).
3. Remove the grab rails (4).
4. Install the grab rail covers (5).
(1)
(2) (1)
(2)
(4)
(5)
(1) caps
(2) grab rail
mounting bolts
5. Turn the seat over.
6. Install the rear seat cover (6) to the seat.
7. Fit the stopper holes (7) of rear seat
cover securely into the pins (8).
8. Install the seat (page 90 ).
The grab rails must be returned to position
when riding in tandem.
(6)
(2)
(3)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(3) washers
(4) grab rails
(5) grab rail covers
(7)
(8)
(6) rear seat cover
(7) stopper holes
(8) pins
Servicing Your Honda
91
06/09/06 11:53:38 31MCW650_101
Rear Seat Cover
Removal
1. Removal can be done in the reverse
order of installation.
The grab rails should be installed for
riding with a passenger.
2. Tighten the grab rail mounting bolts (2)
to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly. The
grab rails could come off easily and result
in serious injury if the assembly is not
done properly.
3. Install the seat (page 90 ).
92
Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:53:44 31MCW650_102
Lower Fairing Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
The lower fairing must be removed to
service the coolant reserve tank or to
remove the inner fairing.
(1)
(2)
(4)
(1)
(5)
(1) clips
(2) A bolts
(3) B bolts
(4) C bolts
(5) lower fairing
Servicing Your Honda
93
06/09/06 11:53:52 31MCW650_103
Lower Fairing Removal
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(1)
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(2)
(4)
(5)
(1)
(1) clips
(2) A bolts
(3) B bolts
94
Removal
1. Remove the clips ( 1 ).
2. Remove the A bolts (2).
3. Remove the B bolts (3).
4. Remove the C bolts (4).
5. Remove the lower fairing ( 5 ).
(4) C bolts
(5) lower fairing
Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:54:00 31MCW650_104
Inner Fairing Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
The inner fairing must be removed to
service the engine oil filter.
Removal
1. Remove the lower fairing (page 93 ).
2. Remove the clips (1).
3. Remove the inner fairing ( 2 ).
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(1)
(2)
(1) clips
(2) inner fairing
Servicing Your Honda
95
06/09/06 11:54:09 31MCW650_105
Inner Panel Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
LEFT FRONT (right side similar)
(2)
The inner panel must be removed to
service the fuses.
Removal
1. Remove the bolts ( 1 ).
2. Remove the clip ( 2 ).
3. Remove the inner panel (3).
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(3)
(1) bolts
(2) clip
96
Servicing Your Honda
(1)
(3) inner panel
06/09/06 11:54:16 31MCW650_106
Clip Removal
Clip removal and installation:
Removal
Press down on the center pin to release
the lock.
Pull the clip out of the hole.
Installation
Slightly open the retaining pawls and
then push them out.
Insert the clip into the hole.
Lightly press down on the center pin to
lock the clip.
Servicing Your Honda
97
06/09/06 11:54:22 31MCW650_107
Raising the Fuel Tank
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
The fuel tank must be raised to service the
air cleaner or the rear cylinder spark plugs.
The fuel tank does not require draining for
this procedure.
1. Place the motorcycle on its center stand
with the transmission in neutral and the
ignition switch off.
Check that the fuel fill cap is closed.
2. Remove the seat (page 90 ).
3. Remove the two bolts (1) with washers
(2) and the collars (3).
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) bolts
(2) washers
(3) collars
98
Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:54:29 31MCW650_108
Raising the Fuel Tank
4. Insert the pin spanner ( 4 ) in the
extension bar ( 5 ) provided in the tool
kit (page 88 ).
5. Raise the front of the fuel tank (6) and
install the bolt (1) to frame body.
RIGHT SIDE
(4)
(5)
Do not raise the fuel tank higher than the
stopper cable ( 7 ) allows.
6. Place the base of the extension bar over
the installed bolt and position the pin
spanner so that it supports the fuel tank.
When raising the fuel tank, be careful not
to allow the collars fall down.
(6)
(7)
(4) pin spanner
(5) extension bar
(6) fuel tank
(7) stopper cable
Servicing Your Honda
99
06/09/06 11:54:37 31MCW650_109
Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
We recommend that you use unleaded fuel
because it produces fewer engine deposits
and extends the life of exhaust system
components.
The use of leaded gas will damage the
catalytic converter.
100 Servicing Your Honda
Your engine is designed to use any
gasoline that has a pump octane number of
86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service
stations normally display the pump octane
number. For information on the use of
oxygenated fuels, see page 230 .
06/09/06 11:54:41 31MCW650_110
Fuel
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
101
06/09/06 11:54:48 31MCW650_111
Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Fuel Capacity
(3)
Fuel tank capacity:
5.81 US gal (22.0 )
(1)
(1) ignition key
(2) fuel fill cap
(2)
(3) filler neck
1. Insert the ignition key ( 1 ) in the fuel
fill cap ( 2 ) and turn it clockwise.
102 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:54:54 31MCW650_112
Fuel
2. Open the cap.
3. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck ( 3 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
4. After refueling, push the fuel fill cap
closed until it snaps and locks.
5. Remove the ignition key from the cap.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
Servicing Your Honda
103
06/09/06 11:55:00 31MCW650_113
Engine Oil & Filter
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
Using the proper oil (page 105 ) and filter,
and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and
deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage
your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage
to the engine and transmission.
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 81 .
104 Servicing Your Honda
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
06/09/06 11:55:08 31MCW650_114
Engine Oil & Filter
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-30
suggested oil*
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA
& Canada), or Honda 4-stroke oil
(Canada only), or an equivalent
motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
MA
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
105
06/09/06 11:55:17 31MCW650_115
Engine Oil & Filter
Your motorcycle does not need oil
additives. Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or
molybdenum additives. They may
adversely affect clutch operation.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication
and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
106 Servicing Your Honda
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
06/09/06 11:55:22 31MCW650_116
Engine Oil & Filter
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle
engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled
on the oil container. For example, the
following label shows the MA
classification.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company
of the oil
(2) oil classification
Servicing Your Honda
107
06/09/06 11:55:31 31MCW650_117
Engine Oil & Filter
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
RIGHT SIDE
(4)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) upper level mark
(2) lower level mark
(3) oil inspection window
(4) oil filler cap
108 Servicing Your Honda
1. Park your motorcycle on its center stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes. Make sure the low oil pressure
indicator goes off. If the indicator
remains on, stop the engine
immediately.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Check that the oil level is between the
upper ( 1 ) and lower ( 2 ) level marks in
the oil inspection window ( 3 ).
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark –– you do not have to add oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark –– remove the oil filler
cap ( 4 ) and add the recommended oil
until it reaches the upper level mark.
(Do not overfill.)
06/09/06 11:55:37 31MCW650_118
Engine Oil & Filter
5. Reinstall the oil filler cap.
6. Check for oil leaks.
Changing Engine Oil & Filter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new genuine Honda oil filter or a filter of
equal quality specified for your model.
Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in
leaks or premature engine damage.
Servicing Your Honda
109
06/09/06 11:55:45 31MCW650_119
Engine Oil & Filter
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a
means for disposing of the drained fluid
(page 180 ). If you do not have the skills
or the tools, see your Honda dealer.
4. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
drain bolt ( 1 ).
5. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap, crankcase drain bolt, and sealing
washer ( 2 ).
LEFT SIDE
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park your motorcycle on its center stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Remove the lower fairing (page 93 )
and inner fairing (page 95 ).
(2)
(1) crankcase
drain bolt
110 Servicing Your Honda
(1)
(2) sealing washer
06/09/06 11:55:51 31MCW650_120
Engine Oil & Filter
Install a New Oil Filter:
6. Remove the oil filter ( 3 ) with a filter
wrench and let the remaining oil drain
out. Discard the oil filter in an approved
manner (page 180 ).
7. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 180 ).
LEFT SIDE
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
(3)
(3) oil filter
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
111
06/09/06 11:56:00 31MCW650_121
Engine Oil & Filter
8. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the
rubber seal ( 4 ) of a new oil filter.
(4)
(4) oil filter rubber seal
9. Install the new oil filter and tighten it by
hand.
10. Using an oil filter wrench attachment
and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil
filter to the specified torque:
20 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
112 Servicing Your Honda
11. Check the condition of the sealing
washer on the engine oil drain bolt.
Replace the washer every other time the
oil is changed.
Install the engine oil drain bolt and
tighten it to the specified torque:
22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m)
Add Engine Oil:
12. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 105 ),
approximately:
3.3 US qt (3.1 )
13. Install the oil filler cap.
06/09/06 11:56:07 31MCW650_122
Engine Oil & Filter
14. Start the engine and let it idle for a few
minutes.
15. Stop the engine. Wait several minutes.
16. Check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark in the oil inspection window
(page 108 ).
17. Check that there are no oil leaks.
18. Install the lower fairings and inner
fairing.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Servicing Your Honda
113
06/09/06 11:56:14 31MCW650_123
Coolant
Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system
dissipates engine heat through the coolant
jacket that surrounds the cylinder and
cylinder head.
coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to
the aluminum engine.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the
cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and
corrosion.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an
equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for
use in aluminum engines. Check the
antifreeze container label.
Use only distilled water as a part of the
114 Servicing Your Honda
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.
This coolant solution is recommended for
most operating temperatures and provides
good corrosion protection.
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze
to less than 40% will not provide proper
corrosion protection.
06/09/06 11:56:20 31MCW650_124
Coolant
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze
is not recommended because it decreases
cooling system performance. Higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%)
should only be used to provide additional
protection against freezing. Check the
cooling system frequently during freezing
weather.
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) UPPER level mark
(2) LOWER level mark
(3) reserve tank cap
Servicing Your Honda
115
06/09/06 11:56:28 31MCW650_125
Coolant
1. With the engine at normal operating
temperature, check the coolant level in
the reserve tank. It should be between
the UPPER ( 1 ) and LOWER ( 2 ) level
marks.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for
leaks and see your Honda dealer for
repair.
2. Remove the lower fairing (page 93 ).
3. Remove the reserve tank cap ( 3 ).
Always add coolant to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
4. Add coolant to the reserve tank as
required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
116 Servicing Your Honda
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 234 ).
06/09/06 11:56:32 31MCW650_126
Coolant
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant,
refer to You & the Environment, page
180 .
Servicing Your Honda
117
06/09/06 11:56:38 31MCW650_127
Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Service the air cleaner more frequently if
you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Your Honda dealer can help you
determine the correct service interval for
your riding conditions.
Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new genuine Honda air cleaner specified
for your model or an air cleaner of
equivalent quality.
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine damage.
118 Servicing Your Honda
Proper air cleaner maintenance can
prevent premature engine wear or damage,
expensive repairs, low engine power, poor
gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance
and premature engine wear.
06/09/06 11:56:46 31MCW650_128
Air Cleaner
Air Cleaner Replacement
(3)
(1)
(2)
(4)
(2)
(1) vacuum tube
(2) screws
(4) air cleaner
(3) air cleaner
housing cover
1. Raise the fuel tank (page 98 ).
2. Disconnect the vacuum tube (1).
3. Remove the screws (2) that secure the
air cleaner housing cover (3).
4. Remove the cover.
5. Remove the air cleaner (4).
6. Discard the air cleaner.
7. Install a new air cleaner.
8. Install the removed parts in reverse
order of removal.
Servicing Your Honda
119
06/09/06 11:56:55 31MCW650_129
Throttle
Throttle Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Inspection
Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.
Freeplay:
1/16−1/4 in (2−6 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(−)
(+)
(1)
(2)
(1) lock nut
(2) adjuster
(+) increase
(−) decrease
120 Servicing Your Honda
Adjustment
1. Loosen the lock nut ( 1 ).
2. Turn the adjuster ( 2 ).
3. After adjustment, check for smooth
rotation of the throttle grip from fully
closed to fully open in all steering
positions.
06/09/06 11:57:01 31MCW650_130
Throttle
Throttle Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
2. Check for smooth rotation of the
throttle from fully open to fully closed
in all steering positions. If there is a
problem, see your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
121
06/09/06 11:57:07 31MCW650_131
Clutch System
Your motorcycle has a hydraulicallyactuated clutch. There are no adjustments
to perform, but the clutch system must be
inspected periodically for fluid level and
leakage.
If control lever freeplay becomes
excessive and the motorcycle creeps or
stalls when shifted into gear, or if the
clutch slips, causing acceleration to lag
behind engine speed, there is probably air
in the clutch system. See your Honda
dealer to have the air bled out of the
system.
Clutch Lever Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
The distance between the tip of the clutch
lever and the grip may be adjusted.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(2)
(1) adjuster
(2) arrow
122 Servicing Your Honda
(4)
(3)
(3) clutch lever
(4) index mark
06/09/06 11:57:15 31MCW650_132
Clutch System
1. Turn the adjuster ( 1 ) while pushing the
clutch lever forward.
2. Align the arrow ( 2 ) on the clutch lever
( 3 ) with the index mark ( 4 ) on the
adjuster.
3. Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in,
and shift into gear. Make sure the
engine does not stall and the motorcycle
does not creep. Gradually release the
clutch lever and open the throttle. Your
motorcycle should move smoothly and
accelerate gradually.
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
LEFT FRONT
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
Check that the fluid level is above the
LOWER level mark. If the fluid level is
below the LOWER level mark, it indicates
fluid leakage. See your Honda dealer for
repair.
Servicing Your Honda
123
06/09/06 11:57:19 31MCW650_133
Clutch System
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hose and fittings.
Check that the clutch lever assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
124 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:57:27 31MCW650_134
Engine Idle Speed
Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a
‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your
engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting
the idle will not compensate for a fault
elsewhere.
Idle Speed Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
RIGHT SIDE
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed
adjustment.
(+)
(−)
(1)
(1) throttle stop
screw
(+) increase
(−) decrease
1. If the engine is cold, start it and warm it
up with ten minutes of stop-and-go
riding. Stop the engine.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
125
06/09/06 11:57:32 31MCW650_135
Engine Idle Speed
2. Place your motorcycle on its center
stand on a firm, level surface.
3. Shift into neutral. Start the engine.
4. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw ( 1 ).
Idle speed (in neutral):
1,200 ± 100 rpm
126 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:57:40 31MCW650_136
Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard
spark plug
IMR9B−9H (NGK) or
VNH27Z (DENSO)
for cold
climate
(below 5°C,
41°F)
IMR8B−9H (NGK) or
VNH24Z (DENSO)
Use only the recommended type of spark
plugs in the recommended heat range.
Using spark plugs with an improper heat
range can cause engine damage.
This motorcycle uses spark plugs that have
an iridium coated center electrode.
Be sure to observe the following when
servicing the spark plugs.
Do not clean the spark plugs. If an
electrode is contaminated with
accumulated objects or dirt, replace the
spark plug with a new one.
To check the spark plug gap, use only a
‘‘wire-type feeler gauge.’’ To prevent
damaging the iridium coating of the
center electrode, never use a ‘‘leaf-type
feeler gauge.’’
Do not adjust the spark plug gap. If the
gap is out of specification, replace the
spark plug with a new one.
Servicing Your Honda
127
06/09/06 11:57:49 31MCW650_137
Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Replacement &
Inspection
LEFT SIDE (right side similar)
(rear cylinder)
(1)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Spark Plug Access
To access the rear cylinder spark plugs:
1. Raise the fuel tank (page 98 ).
2. Remove the bolts ( 1 ).
3. Disconnect the ignition coil connectors
( 2 ).
4. Disconnect the ignition coils ( 3 ) from
the spark plugs.
(3)
(2)
(1) bolts
(2) ignition coil connectors
(3) ignition coils
128 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:57:55 31MCW650_138
Spark Plugs
5. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug bases.
6. Using a spark plug wrench ( 4 ), remove
the spark plugs.
LEFT SIDE (right side similar)
(rear cylinder)
(4)
Be careful not to damage the hoses and the
wire harness.
(4) spark plug wrench
Servicing Your Honda
129
06/09/06 11:58:02 31MCW650_139
Spark Plugs
To access the front cylinder spark plugs:
7. Remove the bolts ( 5 ) and wire harness
holder ( 6 ).
8. Disconnect the ignition coil connectors
( 7 ).
9. Disconnect the ignition coils ( 8 ) from
the spark plugs.
FRONT
(front cylinder)
(6)
(8)
(5)
(7)
(5)
(7)
(5) bolts
(6) wire harness holder
(7) ignition coil connectors
(8) ignition coils
130 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:58:10 31MCW650_140
Spark Plugs
10. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug bases.
11. Using a spark plug wrench ( 4 ), remove
the spark plugs.
FRONT
(front cylinder)
(4)
12. Inspect the electrodes and center
porcelain for deposits, corrosion, or
carbon fouling. If the corrosion or
deposits are heavy, replace the plug.
13. Make sure that a 1.0 mm wire-type
feeler gauge cannot be inserted between
the spark plug gap ( 9 ). If the gauge
fits in the gap, replace the plug with a
new one.
14. Make sure the plug washer is in good
condition.
(9)
(4) spark plug wrench
(9) spark plug gap
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
131
06/09/06 11:58:20 31MCW650_141
Spark Plugs
15. With the plug washers attached, thread
the spark plugs in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
16. Tighten each spark plug:
If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
If installing a new plug, tighten it
twice to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK:
1/2 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 1 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
132 Servicing Your Honda
Improperly tightened spark plugs can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too
tight, the threads may be damaged.
17. Reinstall the ignition coils ( 10 ).
18. Connect the ignition coil connectors
( 11 ) to the ignition coils as before
removal.
19. Install the wire harness holder (12 ) to
the right side of front cylinder and
install and tighten the bolts.
20. Install the remaining parts in the reverse
order of removal.
21. Hold the ignition coils wire harness
(13 ) in the right side of front cylinder
with the wire harness holder (12 ).
06/09/06 11:58:24 31MCW650_142
Spark Plugs
RIGHT FRONT
(front cylinder)
(12)
(13)
(10)
(11)
(10) ignition coils
(11) ignition coil connectors
(12) wire harness holder
(13) wire harness
Servicing Your Honda
133
06/09/06 11:58:30 31MCW650_143
Suspension
Your front and rear suspension systems
use springs, hydraulic damping devices,
and linkages (rear only) that suspend your
weight and most of the weight of your
motorcycle.
Consider adjusting your suspension
whenever you change your normal load,
by adding or subtracting a passenger,
cargo, or accessories, or when the road or
riding conditions change.
The spring pre-loads for your front and
rear suspension systems adjust the amount
of force required to begin compression of
the spring.
The way you ride your motorcycle and the
type of ride you want to experience can
also influence your suspension needs.
The oil damper systems hydraulically
control the rebound of the suspension
springs so that traction and comfort are
maintained as the wheels ride over road
surfaces.
134 Servicing Your Honda
You may adjust the spring pre-load of
both suspension systems. You may also
adjust the rebound damping of the rear
suspension system.
06/09/06 11:58:35 31MCW650_144
Suspension
Lower spring pre-load and softer damping
provide a softer ride and are usually
preferred for light loads and smooth roads.
Higher spring pre-load and firmer
damping provide a firmer ride and are
recommended for heavy loads, rough road
conditions, and faster, more challenging
riding.
Front Suspension Adjustment
The front suspension can be adjusted for
rider (and passenger) weight and riding
conditions by changing the spring pre-load.
Servicing Your Honda
135
06/09/06 11:58:43 31MCW650_145
Suspension
Front Suspension Spring
Pre-load
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
FRONT
Adjust the spring pre-load by turning the
pre-load adjuster ( 1 ).
Make sure that both fork legs are
adjusted to the same position.
To Reduce Spring Pre-load (SOFT):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward SOFT.
STANDARD POSITION
To Increase Spring Pre-load (HARD):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HARD.
(1)
(1) pre-load adjuster
136 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 11:58:47 31MCW650_146
Suspension
Rear Suspension Adjustment
The rear suspension can be adjusted for
rider (and passenger) weight and riding
conditions by changing the spring pre-load
and rebound damping.
The rear shock absorber includes a damper
unit that contains high pressure nitrogen
gas. Do not attempt to disassemble,
service, or dispose of the damper; see your
Honda dealer. The instructions found in
this owner’s manual are limited to
adjustments of the shock assembly only.
Servicing Your Honda
137
06/09/06 11:58:56 31MCW650_147
Suspension
Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
LEFT SIDE
(INTERCEPTOR)
5
6 7 2 1
(1)
4
3
(3)
(2)
(1) spring pre-load adjuster
(2) pin spanner
(3) extension bar
138 Servicing Your Honda
The spring pre-load adjuster ( 1 ) has
7 positions for different load or riding
conditions.
Use the pin spanner ( 2 ) and extension bar
( 3 ) to adjust the rear shock spring preload.
Position 1: for a light load and smooth
road conditions.
Position 2: standard position.
Positions 3 to 7: for when the motorcycle
is more heavily loaded. (Also increase
spring pre-load for stiffer rear suspension.)
Always adjust the shock absorber position
in sequence (1-2-3-4-5-6-7 or 7-6-5-4-3-21). Attempting to adjust directly from 1 to
7 or 7 to 1 may damage the shock absorber.
06/09/06 11:59:05 31MCW650_148
Suspension
(INTERCEPTOR ABS)
The spring pre-load adjuster knob ( 1 ) has
35 spring pre-load positions (clicks) or
more for different load or riding
conditions.
To adjust the spring pre-load, turn the
adjuster knob ( 1 ).
To adjust to the standard position:
1. Turn the spring pre-load adjuster knob
( 1 ) counterclockwise until it will no
longer turn (lightly seats).
This is the full LOW setting.
2. Turn the adjuster clockwise by 7 clicks.
At that position, the end of the adjuster
knob ( 2 ) should be aligned with the
indicator line ( 3 ).
To Reduce Spring Pre-load (LOW):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward LOW.
To Increase Spring Pre-load (HIGH):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HIGH.
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) adjuster knob
(2) end of the adjuster knob
(3) indicator line
Servicing Your Honda
139
06/09/06 11:59:15 31MCW650_149
Suspension
Rear Suspension Damping
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Rebound Damping
LEFT UNDER
(1)
To adjust to the standard position:
1. Turn the damping adjuster ( 1 )
clockwise until it will no longer turn.
This is the full hard setting.
2. Turn the adjuster counterclockwise
approximately 1 ¼ turns so that the
punch mark ( 2 ) on the adjuster aligns
with the reference punch mark ( 3 ). This
is the standard position.
(3)
(2)
(1) damping adjuster
(2) punch mark
(3) reference punch mark
140 Servicing Your Honda
To Reduce Rebound Damping (SOFT):
For a light load and smooth road
conditions, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise toward SOFT (S).
To Increase Rebound Damping
(HARD):
For a firmer ride and rough road
conditions, turn the adjuster clockwise
toward HARD (H).
06/09/06 11:59:22 31MCW650_150
Brakes
The hydraulic braking systems on your
motorcycle dissipate the heat generated by
the friction of the brake pads on the brake
discs as the wheels are slowed.
air in the brake system. See your Honda
dealer to have the air bled from the system.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid
level will drop. A leak in the system will
also cause the level to drop.
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Frequently inspect the system to ensure
there are no fluid leaks. Periodically
inspect the brake fluid level and the brake
pads for wear.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(4)
(1)
If the brake lever or brake pedal freeplay
does not feel within the normal range
while riding, check the brake pads for
wear (page 145 ). Worn pads should be
replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond
the recommended limit, there is probably
Front Brake Lever Adjustment
The distance between the tip of the brake
lever and the grip may be adjusted.
(3)
(2)
(1) adjuster
(2) arrow
(3) brake lever
(4) index mark
Servicing Your Honda
141
06/09/06 11:59:29 31MCW650_151
Brakes
1. Turn the adjuster ( 1 ) while pushing the
lever forward.
2. Align the arrow ( 2 ) on the brake lever
( 3 ) with the index mark ( 4 ) on the
adjuster.
3. Apply the brake, release it, then spin the
wheel and check that it rotates freely.
Repeat this procedure several times.
142 Servicing Your Honda
Brake Fluid Recommendation
brake
fluid
Honda DOT 4 Brake
Fluid
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of
equal quality and performance. Use fresh
brake fluid from a sealed container. Be
sure to read the label before opening the
sealed container. An opened container
may be contaminated or may have
absorbed moisture from the air.
06/09/06 11:59:36 31MCW650_152
Brakes
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
If your inspection indicates a low fluid
level, have your Honda dealer add the
recommended brake fluid.
Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid contact
with skin or eyes. In case of contact, wash
thoroughly and call a doctor immediately
if it contacts your eyes.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(front brake)
Do not add or replace brake fluid, except
in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have
your Honda dealer check the system as
soon as possible.
Brake f luid can damage plastic and
painted surf aces. Handle with care.
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
Servicing Your Honda
143
06/09/06 11:59:44 31MCW650_153
Brakes
UNDER SEAT
(rear brake)
(1)
(2)
(1) UPPER level mark
(2) LOWER level mark
1. Place your motorcycle on its center
stand on a firm, level surface.
2. Remove the seat (page 90 ).
144 Servicing Your Honda
3. Check the fluid level. It should be
between the UPPER ( 1 ) and LOWER
( 2 ) level marks. If the level is at or
below the LOWER level mark, check
the brake pads for wear (page 145 ).
Worn pads should be replaced. If the
pads are not worn beyond the
recommended limit, have your brake
system inspected for leaks.
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hoses and fittings.
06/09/06 11:59:51 31MCW650_154
Brakes
LEFT FRONT (right side similar)
Brake Pad Wear
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. Generally, the pads will wear
faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the
pads at each regular maintenance interval
(page 82 ).
(1)
REAR
Always inspect both pads in both the right
and left front brake calipers.
Check the cutouts ( 1 ) in each pad. If
either pad is worn to the cutout, replace
both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer
for this service.
(1)
(1) cutouts
Servicing Your Honda
145
06/09/06 11:59:58 31MCW650_155
Brakes
Brake System Inspection
LEFT FRONT
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
1. Place the motorcycle on its center stand,
stop the engine, and place the
transmission in neutral.
2. Move the left caliper assembly ( 1 )
upward while slowly rotating the rear
wheel. The brake system is normal if
the rear wheel stops. If the rear wheel
does not stop, see your Honda dealer.
(1)
LEFT REAR
(1) left caliper assembly
146 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 12:00:04 31MCW650_156
Tires
To safely operate your motorcycle, your
tires must be the proper type and size, in
good condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your motorcycle ride harshly, are more
prone to damage from road hazards, and
wear unevenly.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
Servicing Your Honda
147
06/09/06 12:00:11 31MCW650_157
Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.
However, because leakage is often very
slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully
inflated.
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the motorcycle has
been parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
148 Servicing Your Honda
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has
only been ridden for a few miles –– the
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
rear
36 psi (250 kPa ,
2.50 kgf/cm )
42 psi (290 kPa ,
2.90 kgf/cm )
06/09/06 12:00:18 31MCW650_158
Tires
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
Tread Wear
(1)
(2)
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
Servicing Your Honda
149
06/09/06 12:00:26 31MCW650_159
Tires
For the best performance, you should
replace a tire before the tread depth at the
center reaches the following limits:
front
rear
0.06 in (1.5 mm)
0.08 in (2.0 mm)
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
Tire Repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is
repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and
performance limits than a new or
undamaged tire.
150 Servicing Your Honda
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger,
and have the tire replaced or permanently
repaired as soon as possible.
(For more information on temporary
repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire, page
188 .)
06/09/06 12:00:31 31MCW650_160
Tires
A permanent repair, such as an internal
plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a
small puncture in the tread area. With such
a repair, you should not exceed 50 mph
(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph
(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. If you choose to
have a tire repaired, be sure the repair
work is performed by a professional and
that the wheel is balanced before you ride.
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
The tires that came on your motorcycle
were designed to match the performance
capabilities of your motorcycle and
provide the best combination of handling,
braking, durability, and comfort.
If you have a tire professionally repaired
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
151
06/09/06 12:00:41 31MCW650_161
Tires
You should replace the tires with tires of
the same size, load range, and speed rating
as the originals.
The recommended tires for your
motorcycle are:
front
Installing improper tires on your
motorcycle can affect handling
and stability. This can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
rear
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
type
120/70ZR17M/C (58W)
BRIDGESTONE
BT020F BB
DUNLOP D204FK
METZELER
MEZ4A FRONT
180/55ZR17M/C (73W)
BRIDGESTONE
BT020R BB
DUNLOP D204K
METZELER MEZ4A
radial−ply, tubeless
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
152 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 12:00:46 31MCW650_162
Tires
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Important Safety Reminders
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless
tire on this motorcycle. Excessive heat
build-up can cause the tube to burst.
Use only tubeless tires on this
motorcycle. The rims are designed for
tubeless tires, and during hard
acceleration or braking, a tube-type tire
could slip on the rim and cause the tire
to rapidly deflate.
Do not install a bias-ply tire on this
motorcycle. Mixing bias-ply and radial
tires can adversely affect handling and
stability.
Servicing Your Honda
153
06/09/06 12:00:56 31MCW650_163
Side Stand
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) side stand spring
Check that the side stand assembly is
working properly. If the side stand is
stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area
and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean
grease.
154 Servicing Your Honda
Check the spring for damage or loss of
tension.
Check the side stand ignition cut-off
system:
1. Sit astride the motorcycle and put the
transmission in neutral.
2. Raise the side stand.
3. Start the engine.
4. Pull the clutch lever in.
5. Shift the transmission into gear.
6. Lower the side stand all the way.
The engine should stop as you lower the
side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop,
see your Honda dealer for service.
06/09/06 12:01:03 31MCW650_164
Drive Chain
An endless (riveted master link) chain
connects the countershaft and rear wheel
sprockets. The O-ring chain uses rubber
rings between the side plates of the pin
and roller links to seal in the
manufacturer-installed lubricating grease
and keep out moisture and dirt.
The service life of the chain depends on
proper lubrication and adjustment. Poor
maintenance can cause premature wear or
damage to the drive chain or sprockets.
Under severe usage, or when the
motorcycle is ridden in unusually dusty or
muddy areas, more frequent maintenance
will be necessary.
Before servicing your drive chain, turn the
engine OFF, lower the center stand (page
64 ), and check that your transmission is
in neutral.
It is not necessary to remove or replace the
drive chain to perform the recommended
service in the Maintenance Schedule.
The drive chain should be checked,
adjusted, and lubricated as part of the preride inspection (page 45 ).
Servicing Your Honda
155
06/09/06 12:01:10 31MCW650_165
Drive Chain
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
1. Check slack in the lower drive chain
( 1 ) run midway between the sprockets.
Drive chain slack should allow the
following vertical movement by hand:
1−1 3/8 in (25−35 mm)
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) drive chain
156 Servicing Your Honda
2. Check drive chain slack at several
points along the chain. The slack should
remain constant. If it isn’t, some links
may be kinked and binding. Lubricating
the chain will often eliminate binding
and kinking.
3. Inspect the drive chain for:
damaged rollers
dry or rusted links
kinked or binding links
excessive wear
improper adjustment
damaged or missing O-rings
06/09/06 12:01:16 31MCW650_166
Drive Chain
Replace the drive chain (page 161 ) if it
has damaged rollers, loose pins, or
kinks that cannot be freed. Lubricate the
drive chain (page 160 ) if it appears dry
or shows signs of rust. Lubricate any
kinked or binding links and work them
free. Adjust chain slack if needed.
4. Inspect the front and rear sprocket teeth
for excessive wear or damage. If
necessary, have your Honda dealer
replace a worn sprocket.
damaged
sprocket
teeth
worn
sprocket
teeth
REPLACE
REPLACE
normal sprocket teeth
GOOD
Use of a new chain with worn sprockets
will cause rapid chain wear.
Servicing Your Honda
157
06/09/06 12:01:23 31MCW650_167
Drive Chain
Wear Inspection
LEFT SIDE
(2)
The bottom part of the frame may be
damaged by excessive drive chain slack of
more than:
1 15/16 in (50 mm)
Adjustment
(3)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
(2) red zone
(3) tip of driven sprocket teeth
Check the chain wear label when adjusting
the chain. If the red zone ( 2 ) on the label
aligns with the tip of driven sprocket teeth
( 3 ) after the chain has been adjusted to
the proper slack, the chain is excessively
worn and must be replaced. The proper
slack is:
1−1 3/8 in (25−35 mm)
158 Servicing Your Honda
Drive chain slack should be checked and
adjusted, if necessary, every 500 miles
(800 km). When operated at sustained
high speeds or under conditions of
frequent rapid acceleration, the chain may
require more frequent adjustments.
06/09/06 12:01:32 31MCW650_168
Drive Chain
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(1)
(3)
1. Place the motorcycle on its center stand
with the transmission in neutral and the
ignition switch OFF.
2. Loosen the bearing holder pinch bolt
( 1 ).
3. Turn the bearing holder ( 2 ) clockwise
or counterclockwise to obtain the proper
chain slack with the pin spanner ( 3 ).
4. Torque the bearing holder pinch bolt to:
54 lbf·ft (74 N·m , 7.5 kgf·m)
If a torque wrench is not used for this
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to a loss of
braking capacity.
(1) bearing holder pinch bolt
(2) bearing holder
(3) pin spanner
5. Recheck chain slack.
Chain slack should be:
1−1 3/8 in (25−35 mm)
Servicing Your Honda
159
06/09/06 12:01:38 31MCW650_169
Drive Chain
Lubrication
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Lubricate every 500 miles (800 km) or
sooner if chain appears dry. Lubricant:
SAE 80 or 90 gear oil
Lubricate only with SAE 80 or 90 gear oil.
Commercial chain lubricants may contain
solvents which could damage the rubber
O-rings.
160 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 12:01:45 31MCW650_170
Drive Chain
Removal, Cleaning &
Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Your motorcycle has an endless (riveted
master link) type chain. It should only be
removed or replaced by your Honda dealer.
The O-rings can be damaged by steam
cleaning, high pressure washers, and
certain solvents.
1. Clean the side surfaces of the chain
with a dry cloth. Use a high flashpoint
solvent such as kerosene − not
gasoline.
Do not brush the rubber O-rings.
Brushing will damage them. Use of a
solvent may also damage the O-rings.
2. Inspect the drive chain for possible
wear or damage.
Replace the drive chain if it has damaged
rollers, loose fitting links, damaged
O-rings, or otherwise appears
unserviceable.
Replacement Chain:
DID50VA8 or RK50HFOZ5
Servicing Your Honda
161
06/09/06 12:01:52 31MCW650_171
Battery
Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free
type battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery –– even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your motorcycle –– or do
not ride frequently, we recommend that
you charge the battery frequently (see
Battery Charging, page 166 ).
162 Servicing Your Honda
If you do not expect to ride your
motorcycle for at least two weeks, we
recommend you remove the battery –– or
at least disconnect the battery cables
(negative cable first).
If you plan to store your motorcycle, see
Battery Storage, page 163 .
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals
and related accessories contain lead and
lead compounds. Wash hands after
handling.
06/09/06 12:01:58 31MCW650_172
Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
If you plan to store your motorcycle, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow (trickle)
charging it every 30 days (see Battery
Charging, page 166 ).
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
Servicing Your Honda
163
06/09/06 12:02:08 31MCW650_173
Battery
The battery is located in the battery box
below the seat.
Removal
1. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Remove the seat (page 90 ).
3. Remove the battery cover clips ( 1 ),
then remove the battery cover ( 2 ).
4. Release the rings and remove the rubber
band ( 3 ).
5. Disconnect the negative (−) terminal
lead ( 4 ) from the battery first, then
disconnect the positive (+) terminal
lead ( 5 ).
6. Pull the battery ( 6 ) out of the battery
box.
164 Servicing Your Honda
UNDER SEAT
(3)
(6)
(5)
(4)
(1)
(2)
(1) battery cover clips
(2) battery cover
(3) rubber band
(4) negative (−) terminal lead
(5) positive (+) terminal lead
(6) battery
06/09/06 12:02:15 31MCW650_174
Battery
7. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
8. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
9. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
10. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
Installation
1. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (−)
terminal.
2. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
Servicing Your Honda
165
06/09/06 12:02:21 31MCW650_175
Battery
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
(1)
We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger
( 1 ) for home charging. These units can be
left connected for long periods without
risking damage to the battery. However,
do not intentionally leave the charger
connected longer than the time period
recommended in the charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a motorcycle battery and cause
permanent damage.
(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
166 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 12:02:30 31MCW650_176
Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your motorcycle. A
clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect
and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
To clean your motorcycle, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from
recent operation, give the engine and
exhaust system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause
the finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your motorcycle regularly to
protect surface finishes.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
167
06/09/06 12:02:34 31MCW650_177
Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your motorcycle. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, brake,
and clutch fluid).
168 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 12:02:42 31MCW650_178
Appearance Care
Washing Your Motorcycle with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
1. Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with
cool water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing motorcycles or
automobiles.
3. Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or
a soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
4. Clean the windscreen with a soft cloth
or sponge and plenty of water. Dry with
a soft clean cloth. Remove minor
scratches with a commercially-available
plastic polishing compound.
Take care to keep brake fluid or
chemical solvents off the fairing. They
will damage the plastic.
5. Clean the headlight, fairing, meter lens
and other plastic parts using a cloth or
sponge dampened with a solution of
mild detergent and water. When
cleaning the plastic headlight lens, use
more care because it will scratch easier
than a glass lens. Rub any soiled area,
gently rinsing it frequently with fresh
water.
If the inside of the headlight lens
appears clouded immediately after
washing, it should clear after a few
minutes of riding.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
169
06/09/06 12:02:50 31MCW650_179
Appearance Care
6. After washing, rinse your motorcycle
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
7. Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or
a soft towel. Leaving water on the
surface to air dry can cause dulling and
water spots. As you dry, inspect for
chips and scratches.
8. Lubricate the drive chain to prevent
rusting.
9. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
10. As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at
a slow speed and apply the brakes
several times. This will help dry the
brakes and restore normal braking
performance.
170 Servicing Your Honda
Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
06/09/06 12:02:58 31MCW650_180
Appearance Care
Motorcycle Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
Servicing Your Honda
171
06/09/06 12:03:05 31MCW650_181
Appearance Care
Painted Aluminum Wheel
Maintenance
Clean the Matte Painted Surface
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
Aluminum may corrode from contact with
dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels
after riding through any of these
substances. Use a wet sponge and mild
detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool,
or cleaners containing abrasives or
chemical compounds.
After washing, rinse with plenty of water
and dry with a clean cloth.
If the paint is chipped, apply touch-up
paint.
172 Servicing Your Honda
Use a soft cloth or sponge, plenty of water,
and a mild detergent to clean the matte
paint. Dry with a soft, clean cloth.
Do not use polishing compounds or wax
containing polishing compounds. These
can damage or discolor the paint.
To keep your Honda looking new, clean
and polish it frequently.
06/09/06 12:03:10 31MCW650_182
Appearance Care
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
After washing your motorcycle, consider
using a commercially-available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped
or scratched, your Honda dealer has touchup paint to match your motorcycle’s color.
Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color
code (page 214 ) when you buy touch-up
paint.
Servicing Your Honda
173
06/09/06 12:03:12 31MCW650_183
174 Servicing Your Honda
06/09/06 12:03:17 31MCW650_184
Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible
motorcycle owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................ 176
Transporting Your Motorcycle ........... 179
You & the Environment ...................... 180
Tips
175
06/09/06 12:03:24 31MCW650_185
Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your motorcycle
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage
Guide, available from your Honda dealer
(USA only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your motorcycle in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
176 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
1. Change the engine oil and filter (page
109 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50% antifreeze solution (page
114 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
06/09/06 12:03:32 31MCW650_186
Storing Your Honda
4. To prevent rusting in the cylinders,
perform the following:
Remove the ignition coil connectors
and ignition coils from the spark
plugs. Using tape or string, secure the
connectors to any convenient plastic
body part so that they are positioned
away from the spark plugs.
Remove the spark plugs from the
engine and store them in a safe place.
Do not connect the ignition coils to
the ignition coil connectors.
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of
clean engine oil into each cylinder
and cover the spark plug holes with a
piece of cloth.
With the engine stop switch in the
RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and
distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plugs, ignition
coils and ignition coil connectors.
5. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery (page
166 ) once a month.
6. Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all
painted surfaces (except matte painted
surfaces). Apply rust-inhibiting oil to
the chrome pieces.
(cont’d)
Tips
177
06/09/06 12:03:44 31MCW650_187
Storing Your Honda
7. Lubricate the drive chain (page 160 ).
8. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 148 ).
9. Store your motorcycle in an unheated
area, free of dampness, away from
sunlight, with a minimum of daily
temperature variation.
10. Place your motorcycle on its center
stand. Place a block under the exhaust
pipes exposed under the lower fairing to
raise the front tire off the floor.
11. Cover your motorcycle with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
178 Tips
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
1. Uncover and clean your motorcycle.
2. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than four months –– change the
engine oil (page 109 ).
3. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than two months –– ask your
Honda dealer to drain and replace the
fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 166 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Lubricate the drive chain (page 160 ).
6. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 45 ),
then test-ride your motorcycle at low
speeds.
06/09/06 12:03:47 31MCW650_188
Transporting Your Motorcycle
If your motorcycle needs to be transported,
it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. For
information about 24-hour emergency
assistance, see page 241 (USA only). Do
not tow your motorcycle, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
Tips
179
06/09/06 12:03:52 31MCW650_189
You & the Environment
Owning and riding a motorcycle can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally-responsible motorcycle
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
180 Tips
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
06/09/06 12:04:01 31MCW650_190
Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your
motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells
you how to evaluate each problem and
what actions you can take to try to resume
riding. If the problem cannot be safely
solved, this section also gives instructions
on the proper way to have your
motorcycle transported.
For information about transporting your
motorcycle, see page 179 .
General Guidelines ..............................
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ..........................................
If You Have a Flat Tire .......................
If Your Engine Overheats ...................
If the Low Oil Pressure
Indicator Lights ...................................
If a Fuse Blows....................................
If You Crash ........................................
If You Lose Your Key ........................
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) .......
Taking Care of the Unexpected
182
183
188
199
201
202
207
208
209
181
06/09/06 12:04:08 31MCW650_191
Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road. However,
since problems can arise even with wellmaintained machines, you may consider
subscribing to an emergency roadside
service plan. (USA only: For information
about the Honda Rider’s Club of America,
see page 241 .)
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, the tool kit that came with your
motorcycle, and any other items (such as
tire repair supplies and additional tools)
that might help you solve a problem on
your own.
182 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your motorcycle is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
06/09/06 12:04:13 31MCW650_192
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as
you press the start button. If you don’t
hear the starter motor turning, refer to the
Starter motor doesn’t operate symptom. If
you can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
183
06/09/06 12:04:25 31MCW650_193
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Turn the ignition switch ON.
ignition switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
engine stop switch OFF
Shift into neutral.
transmission not in neutral
Put the transmission in neutral or raise the side
side stand down (when
stand and pull the clutch lever in.
transmission not in neutral)
blown fuse
battery lead loose
low (or dead) battery
faulty starter motor
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating (page
202 ).
Tighten the battery lead.
Charge the battery (page 166 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
184 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/09/06 12:04:35 31MCW650_194
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
out of fuel
Fill the fuel tank.
flooded engine
See F looded Engine (page 55 ).
Install the ignition coil connectors and ignition coils
loose or unconnected
securely. If the engine still won’t start, see your
ignition coil connectors and
Honda dealer.
ignition coils
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
loose battery cables
Charge the battery (page 166 ). If charging doesn’t
weak battery
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
185
06/09/06 12:04:47 31MCW650_195
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
side stand down
Raise the side stand. Start again.
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Check engine idle adjustment (page 125 ). If the
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
problem persists, see your Honda dealer.
Check the coolant temperature meter. Refer to If
overheating
Y our Engine Overheats, page 199 .
low oil pressure
Check the low oil pressure indicator. Refer to If
the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights, page
201 .
May damage catalytic converters.
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
186 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/09/06 12:04:56 31MCW650_196
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly. (cont’d)
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust (rich fuel
See your Honda dealer.
mixture)
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
detonates or pings under
load
gasoline (page 100 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
afterfires (backfires)
May damage catalytic converters.
See your Honda dealer.
pre-ignition (runs on after
May damage catalytic converters.
ignition switched OFF)
See your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
187
06/09/06 12:05:02 31MCW650_197
If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
side stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage. If you find a
tire that has been punctured or damaged,
you have two options.
Option 1:
Have Your Motorcycle Transported
If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in
the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come
loose from the rim, there is probably not
much you can do except have your
motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer
188 Taking Care of the Unexpected
or other qualified service facility. (USA
only: For information about 24-hour
emergency roadside assistance, see page
241 .) Even with a simple puncture, this
may be the safest and least troublesome
solution. For transporting instructions, see
page 179 .
Option 2:
Make a Temporary Roadside Repair
If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and
is not completely flat, you may be able to
make an emergency repair that could
allow you to continue riding to where you
can get the tire replaced or permanently
repaired.
06/09/06 12:05:07 31MCW650_198
If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your motorcycle with a
temporary tire repair can be risky.
If the temporary repair fails, you
can crash and be seriously injured
or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire is
permanently repaired or replaced.
repaired. Stop frequently and check the air
pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it
may be unsafe to continue riding. As the
tire gets low, it will affect the handling of
your motorcycle (especially with a
passenger and cargo) and it may overheat
and blow out.
Types of Temporary Repairs
The following types of temporary repairs
generally require a source of air to inflate
the tire. Possible sources include CO2
cartridges or cans of compressed air
designed to inflate a tire.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over
30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully
(preferably without a passenger or cargo)
until the tire is replaced or permanently
Taking Care of the Unexpected
189
06/09/06 12:05:11 31MCW650_199
If You Have a Flat Tire
Inflate the tire: Tubeless tires have
some self-sealing ability if they are
punctured and the result is usually just a
slow leak. If this is the case, you can try
inflating the tire to see if it will hold air
pressure. If you can see a nail or other
object embedded in the tire tread, do not
remove it at this time.
Plug the hole: The idea here is to do
something to temporarily stop the leak.
If you have a tubeless tire repair kit,
you can pull out the nail and try
inserting an external plug in the
puncture. Follow the instructions that
came with the repair kit and be sure to
inflate the tire to the correct pressure.
190 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should You Repair or Replace a
Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
page 150 .
06/09/06 12:05:19 31MCW650_200
If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Front Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
Removal
1. Park your motorcycle on its center stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Cover both sides of the front wheel
with protective tape ( 1 ) or an
equivalent.
3. Raise the front wheel off the ground by
lowering the center stand (page 64 ) and
placing a support block under the
exhaust pipes exposed under the lower
fairing.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) protective tape
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
191
06/09/06 12:05:25 31MCW650_201
If You Have a Flat Tire
RIGHT SIDE
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(5)
(4)
(3)
(6)
(2) A socket bolt
(3) B socket bolt
(4) left caliper assembly
4. Remove the A ( 2 ) and B ( 3 ) socket
bolts and remove the left caliper
assembly ( 4 ) from the fork leg.
192 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(5) fixing bolts
(6) right caliper assembly
06/09/06 12:05:32 31MCW650_202
If You Have a Flat Tire
5. Remove the fixing bolts ( 5 ) and
remove the right caliper assembly ( 6 ).
To avoid damage to the brake hose
during removal, support the caliper
assembly so that it doesn’t hang from
the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on
the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake
performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
6. Remove the axle bolt ( 7 ), and then
loosen the right and left axle pinch bolts
( 8 ).
RIGHT FRONT
(7)
(8)
(7) axle bolt
(8) axle pinch bolt
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
193
06/09/06 12:05:40 31MCW650_203
If You Have a Flat Tire
7. Remove the front axle shaft ( 9 ), wheel,
and side collar.
Avoid depressing the brake lever
when the wheel is off the motorcycle.
This will force the caliper pistons out
of the cylinders. The result will be
loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the
brake system will require service. See
your Honda dealer for this service.
Installation
1. Install the side collars and position the
wheel between the fork legs. Insert the
front axle shaft from the left side,
through the left fork leg and wheel hub.
2. Align the index line (10) of the front
axle shaft with the recessed surface (11)
of the fork leg.
LEFT FRONT
(11)
(10)
(8)
(8) axle pinch bolt
(9)
(9) front axle shaft
194 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(10) index line
(11) surface
06/09/06 12:05:50 31MCW650_204
If You Have a Flat Tire
3. Tighten the axle pinch bolt on the left
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
4. Tighten the axle bolt to the specified
torque:
43 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)
5. Install the right and left brake caliper
onto the fork leg.
To avoid damaging the brake pads,
carefully fits the brake disc (12)
between the pads.
6. Install the right caliper fixing bolts and
tighten to the specified torque:
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
7. Install the A and B left caliper socket
bolts, and tighten to the specified
torque:
8. Operate the front brake and pump the
fork several times. Check for free
wheel rotation after the brake is
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake
drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.
9. If the clearances between each surface
of the brake disc and the brake bracket
(13) (not the brake pads) are
symmetrical, follow next step.
If the clearances are not symmetrical,
loosen the left axle pinch bolt and pull
the left fork outward or push inward to
adjust the clearance. Then follow the
next step.
10. Tighten the axle pinch bolt on the right
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
195
06/09/06 12:05:58 31MCW650_205
If You Have a Flat Tire
(13)
(14)
(13)
(12)
(12) brake disc
(13) brake bracket
(14) clearance
Visually check that the clearances
between each surface of the brake disc
and the brake bracket (not the brake
pads) are symmetrical.
11. After installing the wheel, apply the
brake lever AND brake pedal several
times, then recheck both discs for
caliper holder to disc clearance. Do not
operate the motorcycle without
adequate clearance.
196 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Check for free wheel rotation after
the brake lever and brake pedal are
released. Recheck the wheel if the
brake drags or if the wheel does not
rotate freely.
After installing the wheel, operate the
brake lever AND brake pedal several
times until you feel pressure. You
must restore pressure from BOTH the
lever AND the pedal because this
motorcycle is equipped with a Linked
Braking System.
Verify proper brake operation before
riding.
12. Remove the protective tapes from the
front wheel.
06/09/06 12:06:06 31MCW650_206
If You Have a Flat Tire
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capability.
2. Remove the rear wheel nuts ( 1 ).
RIGHT REAR
Emergency Rear Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 74 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
Removal
1. Park your motorcycle on its center stand
on a firm, level surface.
(2)
(1)
(1) rear wheel nuts
(2) rear wheel
3. Remove the rear wheel ( 2 ) slowly.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
197
06/09/06 12:06:14 31MCW650_207
If You Have a Flat Tire
Installation
1. Position the rear wheel and install the
rear wheel nuts.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on
the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake
performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
2. Tighten the rear wheel nuts to the
specified torque:
80 lbf·ft (108 N·m , 11 kgf·m)
3. After installing the wheel, apply the
brake several times and then check if
the wheel rotates freely. Recheck the
wheel if the brake drags or if the wheel
does not rotate freely.
4. Operate the brake pedal and check the
brake operation.
5. Inspect the brake system (page 146 ).
198 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capability.
06/09/06 12:06:19 31MCW650_208
If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the coolant temperature on your
temperature meter will rise and then level
off. Hot weather may cause the
temperature to rise higher than normal. So
will temporary stress such as climbing a
hill. If you’re stuck in stop-and-go traffic,
the temperature may climb some, but the
radiator fan is designed to prevent
overheating. Be aware of these variations
as you monitor the meter.
If the coolant temperature display begins
to flash, a red bar appears on the display
and the high coolant temperature indicator
goes on for no apparent reason, pull safely
to the side of the road. If possible, park in
a shady area.
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant
leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but
don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
If there’s no obvious problem, leave the
engine on so the fan and coolant
circulating system can continue
working. Monitor the temperature meter.
The temperature may drop to the
normal range after a brief stop with no
load on the engine.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
199
06/09/06 12:06:25 31MCW650_209
If Your Engine Overheats
Check the radiator fan.
If the fan is not working, turn the
engine off. Open the fuse box (page
202 ) and check the radiator fan fuse.
If the fuse is blown, replace it with the
proper (same rating) spare fuse. Start
the engine. If the high coolant
temperature indicator goes on, the
coolant temperature display begins to
flash, and a red bar appears and stays on
the display, turn the engine off.
If the radiator fan is working, visually
check the coolant level in the reserve
tank, located behind the left lower
fairing (page 115 ). It isn’t necessary to
touch the radiator system.
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t
ride without adding coolant (page 115 ).
After adding coolant, turn the engine on
and check the temperature meter.
200 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If the temperature doesn’t drop, do not
ride. The engine needs repair. Transport
your motorcycle to a Honda dealer
(page 179 ).
If the temperature drops to normal,
check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue
to monitor the meter frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for
awhile, carefully watching the meter. Be
prepared to stop and add more coolant or
water. If the leak is bad, transport your
motorcycle to a Honda dealer (page 179 ).
06/09/06 12:06:31 31MCW650_210
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights
If you check your engine oil level
regularly, you should never see the low oil
pressure indicator while riding. Normally,
it will only light momentarily when you
turn the ignition switch ON. Occasionally,
it may flicker at or near idling speed.
Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil
leak, a low oil level, or some problem in
the engine’s lubrication system.
If the indicator comes on while you’re
riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the
side of the road. If possible, pull the clutch
lever in and coast to a stop. Stop the
engine as soon as it’s safe to do so.
Continuing to ride with low oil pressure
can cause serious engine damage.
Check for an oil leak.
Then check the oil level. If necessary,
add the recommended oil (page 105 ) to
the upper level mark. If you must leave
your motorcycle to get oil, secure it as
much as possible.
After adding oil, start the engine, and
check that the low oil pressure indicator
goes off. Check for a possible leak.
If the indicator goes off and there is no
leak –– resume riding. If there is a
leak –– do not ride the motorcycle until
the leak is repaired by a Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
201
06/09/06 12:06:40 31MCW650_211
If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
motorcycle have fuses to protect them
from damage caused by excess current
flow (short circuit or overload).
If something electrical on your motorcycle
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Determine from the chart on the circuit
fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control
that component. Check those fuses first,
but check all the fuses before looking
elsewhere for another possible cause of
the problem. Replace any blown fuses and
check component operation.
Main fuse A (and spare) are located on
the starter motor magnetic switch ( 3 )
under the seat.
Main fuse B is located under the seat.
202 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(INTERCEPTOR)
The circuit fuse box (including spare
fuse) is located under the right inner
panel.
(INTERCEPTOR ABS)
The circuit fuse boxes (including spare
fuses) are located under the left and
right inner panels.
Recommended Fuses
main fuse A
main fuse B
other fuses
30A
30A
10A, 20A
30A (INTERCEPTOR ABS ONLY)
06/09/06 12:06:49 31MCW650_212
If a Fuse Blows
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
2. Remove the seat (page 90 ).
UNDER SEAT
(1)
(3)
(7)
(6)
Main Fuse Access:
3. To access the main fuse A ( 1 ),
disconnect the wire connector ( 2 ) of
the starter magnetic switch ( 3 ).
4. Pull main fuse A out.
If it is blown ( 4 ), install spare main
fuse A ( 5 ).
(2)
MAIN FUSE A, B
(4)
(5)
(1) main fuse A
(2) wire connector
(3) starter magnetic switch
(5) spare main fuse A
(6) main fuse B
(7) main fuse B cover
(4) blown fuse
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
203
06/09/06 12:06:57 31MCW650_213
If a Fuse Blows
5. Reconnect the wire connector.
6. To access main fuse B ( 6 ), open the
main fuse B cover ( 7 ).
7. Pull main fuse B out.
If it is blown, install a new main fuse B.
8. Close the main fuse B cover.
9. Install the seat.
Circuit Fuse Access:
10. Remove the inner panel (page 96 ).
11. Open the fuse box cover ( 8 ).
RIGHT FRONT
(8)
(9)
(8) cover
(9) spare fuses
204 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/09/06 12:07:05 31MCW650_214
If a Fuse Blows
LEFT FRONT
(INTERCEPTOR ABS only)
(8)
If you do not have a replacement fuse with
the proper rating for the circuit, install one
with a lower rating.
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
CIRCUIT FUSE
(9)
(8) cover
(9) spare fuses
12. To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull
the old fuse out of its retaining clips.
Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.
If the fuse is blown ( 10 ), replace it with
a spare fuse ( 9 ) of the same rating.
(10)
(10) blown fuse
13. Close the fuse box cover.
14. Install the inner panel.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
205
06/09/06 12:07:09 31MCW650_215
If a Fuse Blows
If you do not have a spare fuse and you
cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing
the problem, take a fuse of the same rating
or a lower rating from one of the other
circuits that you can do without
temporarily.
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your motorcycle checked
by your Honda dealer.
206 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/09/06 12:07:14 31MCW650_216
If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after
any accident. If you or anyone else has
been injured, take time to assess the
severity of the injuries and whether it is
safe to continue riding. Call for
emergency assistance if needed. Also
follow applicable laws and regulations if
another person or vehicle is involved in
the accident.
If you decide you are capable of riding
safely, carefully inspect your motorcycle
for damage and determine if it is safe to
ride. Check the tightness of critical nuts
and bolts securing such parts as the
handlebar, control levers, brakes, and
wheels.
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your motorcycle
thoroughly checked at a qualified service
facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure
to have your Honda dealer check the
frame and suspension after any serious
crash.
If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Motorcycle, page 179 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
207
06/09/06 12:07:18 31MCW650_217
If You Lose Your Key
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
208 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer you purchased
your Honda from. They may have it listed
in their records. If they don’t, transport
your motorcycle to them or the nearest
Honda dealer. The dealer will probably
have to remove the ignition switch
assembly to find the key number so they
can make a key for you.
06/09/06 12:07:22 31MCW650_218
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your motorcycle’s electrical
system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
209
06/09/06 12:07:24 31MCW650_219
210 Taking Care of the Unexpected
06/09/06 12:07:30 31MCW650_220
Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your motorcycle.
Vehicle Identification..........................
Specifications ......................................
Break-in Guidelines ............................
Emission Control Systems ..................
Catalytic Converter .............................
Oxygenated Fuels ................................
Technical Information
212
215
222
223
229
230
211
06/09/06 12:07:35 31MCW650_221
Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The VIN and engine serial numbers are
required when you register your
motorcycle. They may also be required
when ordering replacement parts. You
may record these numbers in the Quick
Reference section at the rear of this
manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
is stamped on the right side of the steering
head and also appears on the Safety
Certification Label attached to the left
side of the frame.
LEFT SIDE
(1) VIN
212 Technical Information
(1)
06/09/06 12:07:40 31MCW650_222
Vehicle Identification
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
The engine number ( 3 ) is stamped on the
top of the crankcase.
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(2) VIN
(3) engine number
Technical Information
213
06/09/06 12:07:45 31MCW650_223
Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
The color label is attached to the frame
under the seat. Remove the seat (page 90 )
to check the label.
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
UNDER SEAT
(1)
(1) color label
214 Technical Information
06/09/06 12:07:52 31MCW650_224
Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
83.5 in (2,120 mm)
28.9 in (735 mm)
47.0 in (1,195 mm)
57.5 in (1,460 mm)
4.9 in (125 mm)
Technical Information
215
06/09/06 12:08:03 31MCW650_225
Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel
recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
drive chain lubricant
cooling system,
recommendation
cooling system,
capacity
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
5.81 US gal (22.0 )
after disassembly: 4.0 US qt (3.8 )
after draining: 3.1 US qt (2.9 )
after draining & oil filter change: 3.3 US qt (3.1 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4stroke oil (Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil
SAE 80 or 90 gear oil
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality
ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum
engines
3.09 US qt (2.92 )
216 Technical Information
06/09/06 12:08:17 31MCW650_226
Specifications
Capacities
passenger
capacity
maximum weight
capacity
Operator and one passenger
USA: 399 lbs (181 kg)
Canada: 408 lbs (185 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Engine Specifications
47.7 cu-in (782 cm )
displacement
2.83 x 1.89 in (72.0 x 48.0 mm)
bore & stroke
11.6 : 1
compression ratio
IMR9B−9H (NGK) or
spark plug
VNH27Z (DENSO)
(standard)
IMR8B−9H (NGK) or
spark plug
VNH24Z (DENSO)
(cold climate)
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm) no adjustment
spark plug gap
valve clearance
intake
0.008 in (0.20 mm)
(cold)
exhaust 0.014 in (0.35 mm)
1,200 ± 100 rpm
idle speed
Technical Information
217
06/09/06 12:08:31 31MCW650_227
Specifications
Power Transmission
primary reduction
gear ratio, 1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
final reduction
standard
sprocket sizes
final drive
1.939
2.846
2.062
1.578
1.291
1.111
0.965
2.687
drive (engine) sprocket: 16
driven (rear wheel) sprocket: 43
chain
DID50VA8 or RK50HFOZ5
218 Technical Information
06/09/06 12:08:43 31MCW650_228
Specifications
Chassis & Suspension
25°30’
caster
3.7 in (95 mm)
trail
120/70ZR17M/C (58W)
tire size, front
180/55ZR17M/C (73W)
tire size, rear
radial−ply, tubeless
tire type
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
tire pressure, front
(cold)
42 psi (290 kPa , 2.90 kgf/cm )
tire pressure, rear
(cold)
Electrical
battery
generator
12V−10Ah or
12V−11Ah
0.497kW/5,000rpm
Technical Information
219
06/09/06 12:08:50 31MCW650_229
Specifications
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
turn signal lights
license light
12V−55W (4 bulbs)
12V−21/5W (2 bulbs)
12V−21W (front)
12V−21W (rear)
12V−8W
220 Technical Information
06/09/06 12:09:03 31MCW650_230
Specifications
Fuses
main A
main B
other fuses
30A
30A
INTERCEPTOR: 10A, 20A
INTERCEPTOR ABS: 10A, 20A, 30A
Torque Specifications
22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m)
engine oil drain bolt
20 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
engine oil filter
43 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)
front wheel axle
bolt
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
front wheel caliper
fixing bolts
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
front wheel caliper
socket bolts
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
front wheel axle
pinch bolts
80 lbf·ft (108 N·m , 11 kgf·m)
rear wheel nuts
Technical Information
221
06/09/06 12:09:07 31MCW650_231
Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your motorcycle’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 300 miles (500 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
222 Technical Information
06/09/06 12:09:12 31MCW650_232
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada require that your
motorcycle comply with applicable
exhaust emissions standards during its
useful life, when operated and maintained
according to the instructions provided.
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that motorcycles
built after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided. (USA only)
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (USA only)
(1)
(2)
(1) vehicle emission control information
label
(2) vehicle emission control information
label (Canada only)
Technical Information
223
06/09/06 12:09:16 31MCW650_233
Emission Control Systems
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label ( 1 ) ( 2 ) is attached to
the air cleaner housing under the fuel tank.
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx)
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various
systems to reduce carbon monoxide,
oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.
224 Technical Information
06/09/06 12:09:21 31MCW650_234
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system
includes a secondary air injection system,
PGM-FI system, two three-way catalytic
converters, and two heated oxygen sensors.
No adjustment to these systems should be
made although periodic inspection of the
components is recommended.
PGM-FI System
The PGM-FI system uses sequential
multiport fuel injection. It has four
subsystems: Air Intake, Engine Control,
Fuel Control, and Exhaust Control.
The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses
various sensors to determine how much air
is going into the engine. It then controls
how much fuel to inject under all
operating conditions.
Ignition Timing Control System
The system constantly adjusts the ignition
timing, reducing the amount of HC, CO
and NOx produced.
Technical Information
225
06/09/06 12:09:25 31MCW650_235
Emission Control Systems
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system
introduces filtered air into the exhaust
gases in the exhaust port. The secondary
air injection system helps improve
emission performance.
Three-Way Catalytic Converters
The three-way catalytic converters are in
the exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC, CO, and NOx
in the engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide
(CO2), nitrogen (N), and water vapor.
226 Technical Information
Evaporative Emission Control System
This motorcycle complies with the
requirements of the California Air
Resources Board (CARB) evaporative
emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the
fuel tank is directed into the charcoal
canister and air cleaner where it is
adsorbed and stored while the engine is
stopped. When the engine is running and
the purge control solenoid valve is open,
fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air
cleaner is drawn into the engine through
the throttle body.
06/09/06 12:09:29 31MCW650_236
Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
intake manifold.
Problems That May Affect Motorcycle
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda
motorcycle dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
Technical Information
227
06/09/06 12:09:34 31MCW650_237
Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
228 Technical Information
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
06/09/06 12:09:38 31MCW650_238
Catalytic Converter
This motorcycle is equipped with two
three-way catalytic converters.
The catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converters act on HC, CO,
and NOx. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or its equivalent.
The catalytic converters must operate at a
high temperature for the chemical
reactions to take place. They can set fire to
any combustible materials that come near
them. Park your motorcycle away from
high grasses, dry leaves, or other
flammables.
Defective catalytic converters contribute
to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these
guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s
catalytic converters.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a
small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making
the catalytic converters ineffective.
Keep the engine tuned-up.
An engine that is misfiring may
overheat the catalytic converters,
causing damage to the converters or
motorcycle. Have your motorcycle
diagnosed and repaired if it is misfiring,
backfiring, stalling or otherwise not
running properly.
Technical Information
229
06/09/06 12:09:43 31MCW650_239
Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
230 Technical Information
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
06/09/06 12:09:49 31MCW650_240
Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
Technical Information
231
06/09/06 12:09:51 31MCW650_241
232 Technical Information
06/09/06 12:09:57 31MCW650_242
Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
Service Manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................
Warranty Coverage .............................
Warranty Service .................................
Contacting Honda................................
Your Honda Dealer .............................
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ..........................................
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ..........................................
Consumer Information
234
237
238
239
240
241
243
233
06/09/06 12:10:04 31MCW650_243
Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.
(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)
Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems
common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61MCW05
2007 VFR800/A INTERCEPTOR/ABS Service Manual
$60.00
61CM002
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31MCW650
2007 VFR800/A INTERCEPTOR/ABS Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
234 Consumer Information
06/09/06 12:10:12 31MCW650_244
Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item Description
Qty.
Item No.
*
Price
Total
Each*
Price
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
Mich. Add 6 %
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Calif. Add 8.25 %
delivery.
Handling Charge
$5.00
Grand Total
Consumer Information
235
06/09/06 12:10:25 31MCW650_245
S
H
I
P
T
O
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
Customer Name
Attention
Street Address - No P. O. Box Number
Apartment Number
City
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
MasterCard
Zip Code
Check here if your billing address is different from the
shipping address shown above.
Account Number
Expiration: Mo. Yr.
−
VISA
Discover
Customer Signature
Date
These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. On returns, a restocking fee may
be applied against the original order.
HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
236 Consumer Information
06/09/06 12:10:31 31MCW650_246
Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Motorcycle Limited Warranty
Exhaust Emission Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet (USA only).
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan (USA only). For more information,
see your Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the motorcycle.
Consumer Information
237
06/09/06 12:10:36 31MCW650_247
Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your motorcycle, call the service
department of your Honda dealer. Make
an appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize
that inspection. Your dealer will give you
the results of the inspection. If the
problem is covered under warranty, your
dealer will perform the warranty repairs
for you.
238 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the service manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
06/09/06 12:10:42 31MCW650_248
Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,
CA 90509-2200, mailstop: 100-4C-7B,
telephone: (866) 784-1870.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and VIN
date of purchase
dealer name and address
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address (USA only):
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet
that was supplied with your vehicle.
Consumer Information
239
06/09/06 12:10:47 31MCW650_249
Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Genuine
Honda parts, Pro Honda products,
Hondaline accessories (USA only), and
Honda accessories and products (Canada
only). The same quality that went into
your Honda can be found in Genuine
Honda replacement parts. You’ll also find
comparable quality in the accessories and
240 Consumer Information
products available from the parts
department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about American
Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the
Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA
only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
06/09/06 12:10:54 31MCW650_250
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
One of the best ways to get the most
enjoyment from owning and riding your
Honda is through the Honda Rider’s Club
of America. Your purchase of a new
motorcycle, scooter, ATV or PWC from a
participating U.S. Honda dealer entitles
you to a complimentary one-year
membership in the Club. There are
hundreds of HRCA Chapter-sponsoring
dealers across the USA with events and
activities almost every weekend.
Membership benefits include:
24-hour, toll-free roadside assistance
for your new Honda (includes roadside
assistance for your transport vehicle [up
to one ton] as long as your Honda is
aboard or in tow). For street-legal
motorcycles and scooters only.
An exclusive HRCA website complete
with access to the official Honda
Common Service Manual, contests,
insider information and more.
Reimbursement (up to $75) for
successful completion of a Motorcycle
Safety Foundation training course.
Separate, complimentary training from
the Specialty Vehicle Institute of
America for purchasers of new ATVs.
One full year of Honda Red Rider
magazine (six issues).
Discounts from HRCA partners for
experienced rider courses.
Discounted vehicle insurance from the
HRCA’s insurance partner.
Racing contingency programs and
assistance at selected dual-sport, offroad and motocross events for off-road
motorcycles and selected ATVs.
Consumer Information
241
06/09/06 12:10:58 31MCW650_251
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
If you purchased an of f -road motorcycle,
ATV or PWC, your benef its do not
include roadside assistance or trip
interruption protection.
Contact your Honda dealer for more
information or call: 1-800-847-4722 or log
on to www.hrca.honda.com.
242 Consumer Information
06/09/06 12:11:02 31MCW650_252
Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or
could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,
it may open an investigation, and if it
finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your
dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,
Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-888-327-4236
(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
http://www.saf ercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh
Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from
http://www.saf ercar.gov.
Consumer Information
243
06/09/06 12:11:30 31MCW650_253
Table of Contents
The following presents the contents of
each section of your owner’s manual.
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY ................... 1
Important Safety Information ................. 2
Accessories & Modifications .................. 5
Safety Labels ........................................... 7
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS ........ 9
Operation Component Locations ............11
Gauges, Indicators & Displays................14
Multi-function Display........................24
Fuel Gauge...........................................25
Coolant Temperature Meter ................26
Air Temperature Meter .......................28
Speedometer ........................................30
Odometer .............................................30
Tripmeter A & B .................................31
Changing the Speed and
Mileage Unit ........................................32
244 Table of Contents
Digital Clock .......................................33
Controls & Features.................................35
Ignition Switch ....................................35
Start Button..........................................36
Engine Stop Switch .............................36
Hazard Switch .....................................37
Headlight Dimmer Switch ..................38
Turn Signal Switch ..............................38
Horn Button .........................................39
SELECT Button ..................................39
RESET Button .....................................39
BEFORE RIDING................................ 41
Are You Ready to Ride? .........................42
Protective Apparel ...............................42
Rider Training .....................................44
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .......45
Pre-ride Inspection ..............................45
Load Limits & Guidelines.......................48
Loading ................................................48
06/09/06 12:11:50 31MCW650_254
Table of Contents
Load Limits .........................................49
Loading Guidelines .............................49
BASIC OPERATION & RIDING ...... 51
Safe Riding Precautions ..........................52
Starting & Stopping the Engine ..............53
Preparation...........................................53
Starting Procedure ...............................54
Flooded Engine ...................................55
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition
Cut-off System ....................................55
How to Stop the Engine ......................56
Shifting Gears ..........................................57
Braking ....................................................59
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
(INTERCEPTOR ABS) ......................61
ABS Indicator
(INTERCEPTOR ABS) ......................62
Parking .....................................................63
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ...........68
SERVICING YOUR HONDA ............ 69
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance .............72
Maintenance Safety .................................73
Important Safety Precautions ..............74
Periodic Maintenance ..............................76
Maintenance Schedule ............................78
Maintenance Record................................83
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations .......85
Tool Kit....................................................88
Owner’s Manual Storage.........................89
Seat Removal ...........................................90
Rear Seat Cover .......................................91
Lower Fairing Removal ..........................93
Inner Fairing Removal ............................95
Inner Panel Removal ...............................96
(cont’d)
Table of Contents
245
06/09/06 12:12:08 31MCW650_255
Table of Contents
SERVICING YOUR HONDA(cont’d)
Clip Removal ...........................................97
Raising the Fuel Tank .............................98
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................
Engine Oil & Filter..............................
Coolant.................................................
Air Cleaner ..........................................
Engine
Throttle ................................................
Clutch System......................................
Engine Idle Speed................................
Spark Plugs ..........................................
246 Table of Contents
100
104
114
118
120
122
125
127
Chassis
Suspension ...........................................
Brakes ..................................................
Tires .....................................................
Side Stand ............................................
Drive Chain .........................................
134
141
147
154
155
Electrical
Battery ................................................. 162
Appearance Care ................................. 167
TIPS...................................................... 175
Storing Your Honda ............................ 176
Transporting Your Motorcycle ........... 179
You & the Environment ...................... 180
06/09/06 12:12:25 31MCW650_256
Table of Contents
TAKING CARE OF THE
UNEXPECTED .................................. 181
General Guidelines .............................. 182
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start .. 183
If You Have a Flat Tire ....................... 188
If Your Engine Overheats ................... 199
If the Low Oil Pressure
Indicator Lights ................................... 201
If a Fuse Blows.................................... 202
If You Crash ........................................ 207
If You Lose Your Key ........................ 208
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ....... 209
CONSUMER INFORMATION ....... 233
Authorized Manuals ............................ 234
Warranty Coverage ............................. 237
Warranty Service ................................. 238
Contacting Honda................................ 239
Your Honda Dealer ............................. 240
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) .......................................... 241
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) .......................................... 243
TECHNICAL INFORMATION ...... 211
Vehicle Identification.......................... 212
Specifications ...................................... 215
Break-in Guidelines ............................ 222
Emission Control Systems .................. 223
Catalytic Converter ............................. 229
Oxygenated Fuels ................................ 230
INDEX ................................................. 248
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................. 244
QUICK REFERENCE
Table of Contents
247
06/09/06 12:12:30 31MCW650_257
Index
A
ABS indicator
(INTERCEPTOR ABS) ......................... 62
accessories ................................................ 5
air pressure, tires ................................... 147
air temperature meter.............................. 28
American Honda, contacting................ 239
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
(INTERCEPTOR ABS) ......................... 61
apparel, protective .................................. 42
appearance care .................................... 167
B
bank angle sensor ................................... 55
battery ................................................... 162
brakes,
fluid................................................... 142
248 Index
front lever adjustment ...................... 141
pad wear............................................ 145
braking .................................................... 59
break-in guidelines ............................... 222
button,
RESET ................................................ 39
SELECT ............................................. 39
C
capacity, fuel ........................................ 102
care, appearance ................................... 167
catalytic converter ................................ 229
chain, drive ........................................... 155
cleaning,
appearance care ................................ 167
matte color painted surface .............. 172
clip........................................................... 97
clock, digital ............................................33
clutch system ........................................ 122
06/09/06 12:12:34 31MCW650_258
Index
color label ............................................. 214
compartment,
owner’s manual .................................. 89
tool kit ................................................. 88
consumer information .......................... 233
coolant................................................... 114
coolant temperature meter ...................... 26
cover,
rear seat ............................................... 91
customer service ................................... 239
D
damping, suspension, rear .................... 140
defects, safety ....................................... 243
digital clock ............................................ 33
display,
check ................................................... 16
multi-function ..................................... 24
drive chain ............................................ 155
E
emission control systems ...................... 223
engine,
flooded ................................................ 55
idle speed .......................................... 125
low oil pressure................................. 201
number .............................................. 213
oil ...................................................... 104
overheats ........................................... 199
pinging .............................................. 101
starting ................................................ 53
stop switch .......................................... 36
stopping............................................... 56
won’t start ......................................... 183
environment .......................................... 180
Index
249
06/09/06 12:12:40 31MCW650_259
Index
F
fairing removal,
inner .................................................... 95
lower ................................................... 93
flat tire................................................... 188
flooded engine ........................................ 55
fuel,
gauge ................................................... 25
oxygenated........................................ 230
recommendation ............................... 100
tank raising ......................................... 98
tank capacity ..................................... 102
fuses ...................................................... 202
G
gap, spark plug...................................... 131
gasohol .................................................. 230
250 Index
gasoline ................................................. 100
gauges, indicators & displays ................. 14
H
hazard switch .......................................... 37
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 38
helmet holder .......................................... 65
high beam indicator ................................ 18
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 239
Rider’s Club...................................... 241
dealer................................................. 240
Honda service manual .......................... 234
horn button .............................................. 39
I
identification, vehicle ........................... 212
06/09/06 12:12:46 31MCW650_260
Index
idle speed, engine ................................. 125
ignition cutoff system,
bank angle ........................................... 55
side stand ............................................ 53
ignition switch ........................................ 35
indicators................................................. 14
inner fairing removal .............................. 95
inner panel removal ................................ 96
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 45
K
key, lost ................................................. 208
kit, tool .................................................... 88
L
load limits ............................................... 49
loading guidelines................................... 49
lock, steering ........................................... 64
lower fairing removal ............................. 93
M
maintenance,
importance .......................................... 72
periodic ............................................... 76
record .................................................. 83
safety................................................... 73
schedule .............................................. 78
manual, service ..................................... 234
matte painted surface, clean ................. 172
maximum weight limit ........................... 49
modifications ............................................ 6
labels, safety ............................................. 7
lamp check .............................................. 15
limit, weight ............................................ 49
Index
251
06/09/06 12:12:51 31MCW650_261
Index
N
numbers, serial ...................................... 212
O
odometer ........................................... 14, 30
oil,
engine................................................ 105
low pressure ...................................... 201
operating controls ................................... 35
overheat, engine.................................... 199
owner’s manual storage .......................... 89
oxygenated fuels................................... 230
P
parking .................................................... 63
pinging, engine ..................................... 101
252 Index
plugs, spark ........................................... 127
pre-load, suspension
front .................................................. 136
rear ............................................ 138, 139
pre-ride inspection .................................. 45
problems, unexpected ........................... 181
protective apparel ................................... 42
R
removal,
inner fairing ........................................ 95
inner panel .......................................... 96
lower fairing ....................................... 93
rear seat cover ..................................... 91
seat ...................................................... 90
reporting safety defects ........................ 243
RESET button......................................... 39
rider training ....................................... 2, 44
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 241
06/09/06 12:12:56 31MCW650_262
Index
riding,
basic operation .................................... 51
clothing ............................................... 42
precautions .......................................... 52
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 52
with passenger or cargo ...................... 68
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 74
labels ..................................................... 7
reporting defects ............................... 242
riding precautions ............................... 52
schedule, maintenance............................ 78
seat removal ............................................ 90
SELECT button ...................................... 39
sensor, bank angle .................................. 55
serial numbers ....................................... 212
service,
customer............................................ 239
manuals ............................................. 234
warranty ............................................ 238
shifting gears .......................................... 57
side stand .............................................. 154
side stand ignition cut-off system .......... 53
spark knock ........................................... 101
spark plugs ............................................ 127
specifications ........................................ 215
speedometer ............................................ 30
stand, side ............................................. 154
start button .............................................. 36
starting,
engine .................................................. 53
troubleshooting ................................. 183
steering lock ............................................ 64
stop switch, engine ................................. 36
(cont’d)
Index
253
06/09/06 12:13:00 31MCW650_263
Index
stopping engine ....................................... 56
storage,
motorcycle ........................................ 176
owner’s manual .................................. 89
suspension,
front suspension adjustment............. 135
front suspension spring pre-load ...... 136
rear suspension adjustment .............. 137
rear suspension spring
pre-load ..................................... 138, 139
rear suspension damping .................. 140
switch,
engine stop .......................................... 36
hazard.................................................. 37
headlight dimmer................................ 38
ignition ................................................ 35
turn signal ........................................... 38
254 Index
T
tachometer ........................................ 14, 18
temperature meter,
air ........................................................ 28
coolant................................................. 26
theft prevention tips................................ 66
throttle ................................................... 120
tires,
air pressure........................................ 148
flat ..................................................... 188
replacing ........................................... 151
tool kit ..................................................... 88
training, rider ...................................... 2, 44
transporting your motorcycle ............... 179
tripmeter .................................................. 31
trouble, unexpected .............................. 181
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 183
turn signal indicators ........................ 19, 23
06/09/06 12:13:04 31MCW650_264
Index
V
vehicle identification no. (VIN) ........... 212
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 237
extended ............................................ 237
service ............................................... 238
washing your motorcycle ..................... 169
weight limit ............................................. 49
wheels,
front removal .................................... 191
rear removal ...................................... 197
Index
255
06/09/06 12:13:06 31MCW650_265
256 Memo
06/09/06 12:13:12 31MCW650_266
Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How To Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil: insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner: dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
06/09/06 12:13:16 31MCW650_267
Quick Reference
VIN
Engine No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
06/09/06 12:13:26 31MCW650_268
Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Engine Oil
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 45 ): tires &
wheels, chain, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.
Check the following items monthly (page 77 ): tires & wheels, fluids,
lights, freeplay, drive chain, fuses, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
5.81 US gal (22.0 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent
399 lbs (181 kg)
408 lbs (185 kg) Canada
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Quick Reference
06/09/06 12:13:39 31MCW650_269
Quick Reference
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plugs
Coolant
Fuses
Quick Reference
Front: 120/70ZR17M/C (58W)
BRIDGESTONE BT020F BB or
DUNLOP D204FK or
METZELER MEZ4A FRONT
Rear: 180/55ZR17M/C (73W)
BRIDGESTONE BT020R BB or
DUNLOP D204K or
METZELER MEZ4A
Type:
radial−ply, tubeless
Front: 36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
Rear: 42 psi (290 kPa , 2.90 kgf/cm )
IMR9B−9H (NGK) or VNH27Z (DENSO)
standard:
cold climate: IMR8B−9H (NGK) or VNH24Z (DENSO)
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50
solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water
main A: 30A
main B: 30A
INTERCEPTOR: 10A, 20A
other:
INTERCEPTOR ABS: 10A, 20A, 30A
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