Kenmore Elite® Hybrid Gas Water Heater

Use & Care Guide
Model No.
153.331010
25 U.S. Gal (94.6 Litres)
For installation at elevations from 0-3,500 ft. (0-1,067m).
153.331000 HA 25 U.S. Gal (94.6 Litres)
For installation at elevations from 3,501 - 6,500 ft. (1,067 - 1,981m).
Kenmore Elite
Hybrid Gas Water Heater
®
For potable water heating only.
Not suitable for space heating.
Not for use in mobile homes.
INSTALLER: Affix these instructions to or near
the water heater.
OWNER: Retain these instructions for future
reference.
FOR YOUR SAFETY: An odorant is added to
the gas used by this water heater.
IMPORTANT: For installations above 3,500
feet above sea level, verify the proper high
altitude water heater model is installed or the
proper circuit board has been ordered and
installed. See High Altitude section of manual
for further details.
P/N 320169-001 (0611)
Sears Brands Management Corporation,
Hoffman Estates, IL 60179 U.S.A.
www.kenmore.com
www.sears.com
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE
Your safety and the safety of others is extremely important in the installation, use and servicing of this water heater.
Many safety-related messages and instructions have been provided in this manual and on your own water heater to warn you and
others of a potential injury hazard. Read and obey all safety messages and instructions throughout this manual. It is very important
that the meaning of each safety message is understood by you and others who install, use or service this water heater.
All safety messages will generally tell you about the type of hazard, what can happen if you do not follow the
safety message and how to avoid the risk of injury.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a
list of substances known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm,
and requires businesses to warn of potential exposure to such substances.
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WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
This appliance can cause low-level exposure to some of the substances listed in the act.
IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS
• Qualified Installer or Service Agency: Installation and service of this water heater requires ability equivalent to that
of a Qualified Agency (as defined by ANSI below) in the field involved. Installation skills such as plumbing, air supply,
venting, gas supply, electrical supply are required in addition to electrical testing skills when performing service.
• ANSI Z223.1 2006 Sec. 3.3.83: “Qualified Agency” - “Any individual, firm, corporation or company that either in person
or through a representative is engaged in and is responsible for (a) the installation, testing or replacement of gas piping
or (b) the connection, installation, testing, repair or servicing of appliances and equipment; that is experienced in such
work; that is familiar with all precautions required; and that has complied with all the requirements of the authority
having jurisdiction.”.
• Gas Supplier: The Natural Gas or Propane Utility or service who supplies gas for utilization by the gas burning appliances
within this application. The gas supplier typically has responsibility for the inspection and code approval of gas piping
up to and including the Natural Gas meter or Propane storage tank of a building.
2
GENERAL SAFETY
3
GENERAL SAFETY
WARNING
• Before servicing the water heater, make
sure the water heater is unplugged from
the electrical supply.
• Label all wires prior to disconnection
when servicing controls. Wiring error can
cause improper and dangerous operation. Verify proper operation after
servicing.
• Failure to do this could result in death,
serious bodily injury, or property
damage.
DANGER
WARNING
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
• Install vent system In accordance with codes.
• Do not operate water heater if flood damaged.
• Standard model is fitted for operation at altitudes
up to 3,500 ft. (1,067m). High Altitude model is
suitable for altitudes between 3,501 to 6,500 ft.
(1,067m and 1,981m). Specific accessory kits are
required for installations above 6,500 ft. (1,981m).
• Do not operate if soot buildup is present.
• Do not obstruct water heater air intake with
insulating jacket.
• Do not place chemical vapor emitting products
near water heater.
• Gas and carbon monoxide detectors are
available.
• No vent damper installation is compatible with
this power vented water heater.
• Do not elevate the condensate hose on the
bottom of the water heater above the bracket
attached to the side of the unit. This must be true
for the entire length of the hose including the exit
into an appropriate drain.
• Condensate lines must be free and clear of debris
and must not allow back flow through the hose.
The condensate lines must be able to flow freely
to an appropriate drain.
• Do not allow condensate lines to become crimped
closed.
• Analyze the entire vent system to make sure that
condensate will not become trapped in a section
of vent pipe and therefore reduce the open cross
sectional area of the vent.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or death.
Always read and understand instruction manual.
4
FLAMMBLE
Vapors from flammable
liquids may explode and
catch fire causing death or
severe burns.
Do not use or store
flammable products such as
gasoline, solvents or adhesives in the same room or
area near the water heater.
Keep flammable products:
1. far away from heater,
2. in approved containers,
3. tightly closed and
4. out of children's reach.
Flammable Vapors
Water heater has a main
burner and spark generator.
The spark generator:
1. can be triggered at any
time and
2. the spark will ignite
flammable vapors.
Vapors:
1. cannot be seen,
2. are heavier than air,
3. go a long way on the floor
and
4. can be carried from other
rooms to the the
electodes by air currents.
Installation: Do not install the water heater where flammable
products will be stored or used. It must be installed a minimum
of 18 in. (45cm) above the floor if installed in a residential
garage. This will reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of flammable
vapors being ignited by the main burner or spark igniter.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE
2
GENERAL SAFETY
3
PRODUCT WARRANTY
6
INTRODUCTION
8
Get To Know Your Water Heater - Gas Models. . . . . 9
INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS
10
Rough In Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Water Piping - Mixing Valve Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Facts To Consider About Location. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Handle Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Earthquake Zones. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Combustion Air And Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Appliances In Unconfined Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Appliances In Confined Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Chemical Vapor Corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Water Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Closed Water Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Thermal Expansion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Hard Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Temperature-pressure Relief Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Gas Piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Sediment Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Gas Line Purging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
High Altitude Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Flooding/freezing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Filling The Water Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Venting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Vent Pipe Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Planning The Vent System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Installation Of Vent System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Vent Terminal Installation, Sidewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Installation Of Vent System, Sidewall . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Installation Of Vertical Vent System . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Vent Pipe Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Connection To Vent Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Condensate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
US. Power Vent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Electrical Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Display Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lighting Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unique Hybrid Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Constant Output Temperature Control . . . . . . . . . .
Start Up Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operational Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE
Housekeeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Venting System Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flood Damage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anode Rod Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anode Rod Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature-pressure Relief Valve Operation . . . .
Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Snow Accumulation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning The Inlet Water Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning The Heat Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flushing The Heat Exchanger (Lime Build-up) . . . .
Draining The Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fault Indication And Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLESHOOTING
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leakage Checkpoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parts Identification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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54
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55
57
58
Fill out and keep with water heater.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Model Number _________________________________________
Serial Number__________________________________________
Installation Information:
Date Installed __________________________________________
Company’s Name _______________________________________
Street or P.O. Box _______________________________________
City, State, and Zip Code _________________________________
Phone Number ____________ Plumber’s Name_______________
5
PRODUCT WARRANTY
Kenmore Elite® Hybrid Gas Water Heater Warranty
For six years from the date of purchase, if this water heater is installed and operated in a single-family home in accordance with the owner’s
manual instructions and all local applicable plumbing codes, Sears will:
1. Supply free water heater parts for those that are defective in material or workmanship.
2. Supply a free water heater for one that develops a tank leak. See notes below also.
For the second through sixth year from the purchase date, you must pay the labor cost for installation of parts or water heater.
For commercial, institutional, industrial or residential use by two or more families, the above limited warranty is only for one year.
If governmental regulations prohibit Sears from furnishing a comparable model replacement water heater under this warranty, Sears will
furnish a new water heater of comparable output as permitted by such governmental regulations; however, the Owner will be charged for the
additional cost associated with the changes made to comply with such governmental regulations.
Replacements furnished under this warranty do not carry a new warranty and are only covered by the unexpired portion of the original
warranty.
CONDITIONS AND EXCEPTIONS
This warranty shall apply only when the water heater is installed and operated in accordance with 1) all local fire codes and plumbing codes,
ordinances, and regulations. 2) the printed instructions provided with it, 3) good industry practices, and 4) proper safety practices such as
but not limited to a properly sized drain pan if installed in an area where leakage from connections of the tank would result in damage to the
area adjacent to the heater. In addition, a new temperature and pressure relief valve, certified by the Canadian Standards Association must
have been properly installed and piped to the nearest drain.
This warranty shall apply only when the heater is:
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not subjected to excessive water pressure fluctuations and not subject to an operating pressure greater than 150 P.S.I.
filled with potable water, free to circulate at all times and with the tank free of damaging water sediment or scale deposits.
used in a non-corrosive and non-contaminated atmosphere.
sized in accordance with proper sizing techniques for residential water heaters.
bearing a rating plate which has not been altered, defaced or removed.
used in an open system or in a closed system with a properly sized and installed thermal expansion tank.
fired at the factory rated input using the fuel stated on the face of the rating plate.
operated with the inner and outer doors in place.
maintained in accordance with the instructions printed in the manual included with the heater.
used in a water supply with less than 12 grains per gallon (200 mg/L) of hardness, is not acidic or otherwise impure.
Problems resulting from scale formation are not covered by the warranty.
Any accident to the water heater or any part thereof (including freezing, fire, floods, or lightning), any misuse, abuse, or alteration of it, any
operation of it in a modified form, or any attempt to repair tank leaks or parts, will void this warranty.
1-YEAR EXCLUSIVE KENMORE LABOR WARRANTY
For the first year from the date of purchase, Sears will, free of charge, supply and install new water heater parts for defective ones or a new
water heater for one that develops a leak.
WARRANTY SERVICE
®
To obtain warranty service, call 1-800-4-MY-HOME (1-800-469-4663).
This warranty applies only while this product is in use in the United States.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which vary from state to state.
SEARS BRANDS MANAGEMENT CORPORATION, Hoffman Estates, IL 60179
The price of your water heater does not include a free checkup service call. On water heater installations arranged by Sears, Sears
warrants the installation.
A charge will be made on service calls due to poor or incomplete installation. These include:
a. Adjusting thermostat
6
b. Condensation
c. Leaks in pipes or fittings
Master Protection Agreements
Congratulations on making a smart purchase. Your new Kenmore®
product is designed and manufactured for years of dependable
operation. But like all products, it may require preventive maintenance
or repair from time to time. That’s when having a Master Protection
Agreement can save you money and aggravation.
The Master Protection Agreement also helps extend the life of your
new product. Here’s what the Agreement* includes:
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Parts and labor needed to help keep products operating properly
under normal use, not just defects. Our coverage goes well
beyond the product warranty. No deductibles, no functional
failure excluded from coverage - real protection.
Expert service by a force of more than 10,000 authorized Sears
service technicians, which means someone you can trust will
be working on your product.
Unlimited service calls and nationwide service, as often as
you want us, whenever you want us.
“No-lemon” guarantee – replacement of your covered product
if four or more product failures occur within twelve months.
Product replacement if your covered product can’t be fixed.
Annual Preventive Maintenance Check at your request – no
extra charge.
Fast help by phone - we call it Rapid Resolution - phone
support from a Sears representative on all products. Think of
us as a “talking owner’s manual.”
Power surge protection against electrical damage due to power
fluctuations.
•
$250 Food Loss Protection annually for any food spoilage that
is the result of mechanical failure of any covered refrigerator or
freezer.
• Rental reimbursement if repair of your covered product takes
longer than promised.
• 10% discount off the regular price of any non-covered repair
service and related installed parts.
Once you purchase the Agreement, a simple phone call is all that it
takes for you to schedule service. You can call anytime day or night,
or schedule a service appointment online. The Master Protection
Agreement is a risk free purchase. If you cancel for any reason
during the product warranty period, we will provide a full refund. Or,
a prorated refund anytime after the product warranty period expires.
Purchase your Master Protection Agreement today!
Some limitations and exclusions apply. For prices and additional
information in the U.S.A. call 1-800-827-6655.
* Coverage in Canada varies on some items. For full details,
call Sears Canada at 1-800-361-6665.
Sears Installation Service
For Sears professional installation of home appliances, garage door
openers, water heaters, and other major home items, in the U.S.A.
or Canada call 1-800-4-MY-HOME®.
7
INTRODUCTION
Thank You for purchasing this water heater. Properly
installed and maintained, it should give you years of trouble
free service.
Abbreviations Found In This Instruction Manual:
• CSA - Canadian Standards Association
• ANSI - American National Standards Institute
• NFPA - National Fire Protection Association
• ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
• GAMA - Gas Appliance Manufacturer’s Association
• UL - Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
This gas-fired water heater is design certified by CSA
International under American National Standard/CSA
Standard for Gas Water Heaters ANSI Z21.10.3 • CSA
4.3 (current edition).
PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION
1. Read the “General Safety” section, of this manual
first and then the entire manual carefully. If you
don’t follow the safety rules, the water heater will not
operate properly. It could cause DEATH, SERIOUS
BODILY INJURY AND/OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
This manual contains instructions for the installation,
operation, and maintenance of the gas-fired water
heater. You must read and be aware of the warnings
placed throughout the manual. All warnings and all
instructions are essential to the proper operation of
the water heater and your safety. Since we cannot put
everything on the first few pages, READ THE ENTIRE
MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO INSTALL OR
OPERATE THE WATER HEATER.
2. The installation must conform with these instructions
and the local code authority having jurisdiction. In
the absence of local codes, the installation must
comply with the current editions of the National Fuel
Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 and the National
Electrical Code, NFPA 70. Documents are available
from:
Canadian Standards Association,
5060 Spectrum Way,
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
L4W 5N6
NFPA documents are also available from:
National Fire Protection Association,
1 Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269.
3. The water heater when installed must be grounded in
accordance with the local codes, or in the absence of
local codes: the National Electrical Code (NFPA 70).
4. If after reading this manual you have any
questions or do not understand any portion of
the instructions, call the local gas utility or the
manufacturer whose name appears on the rating plate.
8
5. Carefully plan the place where you are going to put
the water heater. Correct combustion, vent action, and
vent pipe installation are very important in preventing
death from possible carbon monoxide poisoning and
fires (see Figures 1 and 3). Examine the location to
ensure the water heater complies with the “Facts to
Consider About Location” section in this manual.
6. For California installation this water heater must be
braced, anchored, or strapped to avoid falling or
moving during an earthquake. See instructions for
correct installation procedures. Instructions may be
obtained from California Office of the State Architect,
1102 Q Street, Suite 5100, Sacramento, CA 95811.
7. Massachusetts Code requires this water heater to be
installed in accordance with Massachusetts 248-CMR
2.00: State Plumbing Code and 248-CMR 5.00, See
page 11.
8. Complies with SCAQMD rule #1146 and districts
having equivalent NOx requirements.
9. Complies with California’s legislation AB1953 and
Vermont’s legislation Act 193 requirement of a
weighted average maximum of 0.25% lead.
GET TO KNOW YOUR WATER HEATER - GAS MODELS
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
Mixing Valve***
Hot Water Outlet (Tempered)***
Pipe Insulation***
Inlet Water Shutoff Valve***
Cold Water Inlet***
Expansion Tank***
Vent Termination Elbow**
Access Door (Heat Engine)
Earthquake Strap***
Power Cord*
Main Manual Gas Shutoff Valve***
Gas Supply***
Sediment Pocket***
Condensate Tube
Drain Pan***
Drain Valve
Heat Engine Hose - Cold In
Casing Door (Plastic)
Display Enclosure (Plastic)
Heat Engine Hose - Hot Out
A
C
B
D
Side Casing (Plastic)
Top Casing Enclosure (Plastic)
Exhaust Elbow Assembly
T&P Relief Valve
Anode
Inlet Dip Tube
* CAUTION HARNESS HAS 120 VAC. IN
OPERATION.
** See “Planning the Vent System,” “Installation
of Vent System” and “Condensate” for more
information.
*** These items not included.
E
V
F
U
T
X
G
S
H
N
I
W
J
K
L
Y
Z
M
R
Q
P
O
N
FIGURE 1
9
INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS
ROUGH IN DIMENSIONS
Dimension shown are in inches [cm]
Top View
Left Side View
FIGURE 2
Capacity, Gas and Electrical Characteristics
Model
Approx. Capacity
Input
U.S. Gals.
Litres
BTU/hr
153.331010
25
94.6
100,000
153.331000 HA
25
94.6
100,000
Gas
Type
Gas Supply Pressure
Manifold Pressure
Electrical Characteristics
Max.
in. WC (kPa)
Min.
in. WC (kPa)
in. WC (kPa)
Volts/Hz
Amperes
Nat.
14.0 (3.49)
5.0 (1.25)
4.2 (1.05)
120/60
2.5
Nat.
14.0 (3.49)
5.0 (1.25)
4.2 (1.05)
120/60
2.5
Minimum gas supply pressure must be maintained under both load and no load (dynamic and static) conditions.
Manifold Pressure is preset on the gas valve by the manufacturer; DO NOT ATTEMPT TO ADJUST!
Thermal efficiency is 90%.
If the hardness of your water supply is more than of 12 grains per gallon (200 mg/L), if your water supply is acidic or otherwise impure,
the water supply must be treated with approved methods.
Minimum Clearance To Combustibles
Service Clearance
Top
Front
Vent
Back
Sides
Floor
Front
Sides
Test Pressure
P.S.I.
0
0
0
0
0
0
21” (53.3 cm)
12” (30.5 cm)
300
This appliance must be installed in accordance with local codes or, in the absence of local codes, the “National Fuel Gas Code” ANSI
Z223.1/NFPA 54.
Not for installation in a Manufactured Home (Mobile Home).
This water heater is suitable for water (potable) heating only.
This water heater is suitable for installation in a closet or alcove.
10
INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS
For all side wall terminated, horizontally vented power vent, gas fueled water heaters installed in every dwelling, building
or structure used in whole or in part for residential purposes, including those owned or operated by the Commonwealth
and where the side wall exhaust vent termination is less than seven (7) feet above finished grade in the area of the
venting, including but not limited to decks and porches, the following requirements shall be satisfied:
INSTALLATION OF CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS At the time of installation of the side wall horizontal vented gas fueled
equipment, the installing plumber or gasfitter shall observe that a hard wired carbon monoxide detector with an alarm and battery back-up
is installed on the floor level where the gas equipment is to be installed. In addition, the installing plumber or gasfitter shall observe that
a battery operated or hard wired carbon monoxide detector with an alarm is installed on each additional level of the dwelling, building
or structure served by the sidewall horizontal vented gas fueled equipment. It shall be the responsibility of the property owner to secure
the services of qualified licensed professionals for the installation of hard wired carbon monoxide detectors.
In the event that the side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment is installed in a crawl space or an attic, the hard
wired carbon monoxide detector with alarm and battery back-up may be installed on the next adjacent floor level.
In the event that the requirements of this subdivision can not be met at the time of completion of installation, the owner shall
have a period of thirty (30) days to comply with the above requirements provided that during said thirty (30) day period, a
battery operated carbon monoxide detector with an alarm shall be installed.
APPROVED CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS Each carbon monoxide detector as required in accordance with the
above provisions shall comply with NFPA 720 and be ANSI/UL 2034 listed and CSA certified.
SIGNAGE A metal or plastic identification plate shall be permanently mounted to the exterior of the building at a minimum
height of eight (8) feet above grade directly in line with the exhaust vent terminal for the horizontally vented gas fueled
heating appliance or equipment. The sign shall read, in print size no less than one-half (1/2) inch in size, “GAS VENT
DIRECTLY BELOW. KEEP CLEAR OF ALL OBSTRUCTIONS.”
INSPECTION The state or local gas inspector of the side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment shall not approve
the installation unless, upon inspection, the inspector observes carbon monoxide detectors and signage installed in
accordance with the provisions of 248 CMR 5.08(2)(a) 1 through 4.
EXEMPTIONS: The following equipment is exempt from 248 CMR 5.08(2)(a)1 through 4:
1. The equipment listed in Chapter 10 entitled “Equipment Not Required To Be Vented” in the most current edition of NFPA 54
as adopted by the Board; and
2. Product Approved side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment installed in a room or structure separate from the
dwelling, building, or structure used in whole or in part for residential purposes.
MANUFACTURER REQUIREMENTS - GAS EQUIPMENT VENTING SYSTEM PROVIDED When the manufacturer
of Product Approved side wall horizontally vented gas equipment provides a venting system design or venting system
components with the equipment, the instructions provided by the manufacturer for installation of the equipment and the
venting system shall include:
1. Detailed instructions for the installation of the venting system design or the venting system components; and
2. A complete parts list for the venting system design or venting system.
MANUFACTURER REQUIREMENTS - GAS EQUIPMENT VENTING SYSTEM NOT PROVIDED When the manufacturer
of a Product Approved side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment does not provide the parts for venting the flue
gases, but identifies “special venting systems,” the following requirements shall be satisfied by the manufacturer:
1. The referenced “special venting system” instructions shall be included with the appliance or equipment installation instructions;
and
2. The “special venting systems” shall be Product Approved by the Board, and the instructions for that system shall include
a parts list and detailed installation instructions.
A copy of all installation instructions for all Product Approved side wall horizontally vented gas fueled equipment, all venting
instructions, all parts lists for venting instructions, and/or all venting design instructions shall remain with the appliance or
equipment at the completion of the installation.
11
WATER PIPING - MIXING VALVE USAGE
SUGGESTED PIPING
ARRANGEMENT
FOR TOP
CONNECTIONS
SHUT-OFF VALVE
TEMPERED
POTABLE WATER
TEMPERED
POTABLE WATER
COLD WATER
INLET
THERMAL
EXPANSION
TANK
MIXING
VALVE
(OPTIONAL)
TEMPERATUREPRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
DISCHARGE
PIPE (DO NOT
CAP OR PLUG)
PIPE INSULATION
(RECOMMENDED)
METAL
DRAIN PAN
DRAIN VALVE
6 in.
(15cm)
MAX.
AIR GAP
TO SUITABLE
DRAIN
FLOOR
DRAIN
FIGURE 3
This appliance has been design certified as complying with
CPVC, PEX or polybutylene. DO NOT use PVC water
ANSI Z21.10.3/CSA 4.3 (latest revision) for water heaters
piping.
and is considered suitable for:
DO NOT use any pumps, valves, or fittings that are not
Water (Potable) Heating: All models are considered
compatible with potable water.
suitable for water (potable) heating.
DO NOT use valves that may cause excessive restriction
to water flow. Use full flow ball or gate valves only.
The Hybrid water heater is a unique design that combines
DO NOT use any lead based solder in potable water
the technology of both the storage tank and tankless type
lines. Use appropriate tin-antimony or other equivalent
water heaters. A tankless water heater ensures a fixed
material.
constant outlet water temperature. This is achieved by
DO NOT tamper with the gas control/thermostat, igniter
modulating the water flow to ensure that this temperature
or temperature and pressure relief valve. Only qualified
is maintained. In the Hybrid the water supply is heated
service technicians should service these components.
as it flows through the heat exchanger over the burners
DO NOT use with piping that has been treated with
similar to the tankless water heaters. The heated water is
chromates, boiler seal, or other chemicals.
then stored in the top of the storage tank.
DO NOT add any chemicals to the system piping which
The tank outlet water temperature will be within a maximum
will contaminate the potable water supply.
of 5°F (2.8°C) of the display set-point when the unit ends
the call for heat.
HOT WATER CAN SCALD:
If required by local codes or if a higher fixed temperature
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water
is required, a mixing valve can be installed as shown on
heated to a temperature which will satisfy space heating,
Figure3.
clothes washing, dish washing, and other sanitizing needs
can scald and permanently injure you upon contact. Some
Please note the following:
people are more likely to be permanently injured by hot
The system should be installed only with piping that is
water than others. These include the elderly, children,
suitable for potable (drinkable) water such as copper,
and the physically or developmentally disabled. If anyone
12
using hot water from this heater fits into one of these
groups or if there is a local code or state law requiring a
certain temperature water at the hot water tap, then you
must take special precautions. In addition to using the
lowest possible temperature setting that satisfies your hot
water needs, a means such as a Mixing Valve should be
used at the hot water taps used by these people or at the
water heater (see Figure 3). Mixing valves are available at
plumbing supply or hardware stores. Consult a Qualified
Installer or Service Agency. Follow the mixing valve
manufacturer’s instructions for installation of the valves.
Before changing the factory setting on the thermostat, read
the “Temperature Regulation” section in this manual.
control of this water heater are polarity sensitive. Ensure
the electrical supply is connected correctly in the receptacle
box. Failure to connect correctly will prevent the unit from
functioning properly.
Installation of the water heater must be accomplished in
such a manner that if the tank or any connections should
leak, the flow will not cause damage to the structure. For
this reason, it is not advisable to install the water heater
in an attic or upper floor. When such locations cannot be
avoided, a suitable metal drain pan should be installed
under the water heater. Drain pans are available at your
local hardware store. Such a drain pan must have a
clearance of at least 1.0 in. (2.5cm) greater than any point
on the water heater’s outer jacket and must be piped to
an adequate drain. The pan must not restrict combustion
air flow. See Figure 1.
FACTS TO CONSIDER ABOUT LOCATION
Carefully choose an indoor location for the new water
heater, because the placement is a very important
consideration for the safety of the occupants in the building
and for the most economical use of the appliance. This
water heater is not for use in manufactured (mobile)
homes or outdoor installation.
Whether replacing an old water heater or putting the water
heater in a new location, the following critical points must
be observed:
1. Select a location indoors as close as practical to the
vent terminal or location to which the water heater vent
piping is going to be connected, and as centralized
with the water piping system as possible.
2. A pressure-reducing valve and/or an expansion tank
may be required for installations where the water
pressure is high. The pressure-reducing valve should
be located on the supply to the entire house in order
to maintain equal hot and cold water pressure.
3. Selected location must provide adequate clearances
for servicing and proper operation of the water
heater.
4. Avoid locations that could cause the water heater to
freeze from outside air.
5. Selected location must provide access to a properly
grounded electrical branch circuit. A dedicated circuit
is preferred. Do not use a GFI outlet.
Important: Do not use an extension cord to connect the
water heater to an electrical outlet.
Important: The electrical controls used inside the gas
Water heater life depends upon water quality, water
pressure and the environment in which the water heater
is installed. Water heaters are sometimes installed in
locations where leakage may result in property damage,
even with the use of a drain pan piped to a drain. However,
unanticipated damage can be reduced or prevented by a
leak detector or water shut-off device used in conjunction
with a piped drain pan. These devices are highly
recommended and are available from some plumbing
supply wholesalers and retailers, and detect and react to
leakage in various ways:
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that trigger an alarm
or turn off the incoming water to the water heater when
leakage is detected.
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that turn off the water
supply to the entire building when water is detected in
the drain pan.
• Water supply shut-off devices that activate based on
the water pressure differential between the cold water
and hot water pipes connected to the water heater.
• Devices that will turn off the gas supply to a gas water
heater while at the same time shutting off its water
supply.
AVOID AREAS WHERE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS (VAPORS)
ARE LIKELY TO BE PRESENT OR STORED (GARAGES,
STORAGE AND UTILITY AREAS, ETC.): Flammable
liquids (such as gasoline, solvents, propane (LP or butane,
etc.) and other substances (such as adhesives, etc.)) emit
flammable vapors which can be ignited by a gas water
heater’s igniter or main burner. The resulting flashback
and fire can cause death or serious burns to anyone in
the area.
Also, the water heater must be located and/or protected so
13
it is not subject to physical damage by a moving vehicle.
DANGER
FLAMMBLE
Vapors from flammable
liquids may explode and
catch fire causing death or
severe burns.
Do not use or store
flammable products such as
gasoline, solvents or adhesives in the same room or
area near the water heater.
Keep flammable products:
1. far away from heater,
2. in approved containers,
3. tightly closed and
4. out of children's reach.
HANDLE INSTALLATION
For ease of handling and carrying, plugs are provided
in the side of the shroud that can be removed and pipe
handles inserted (see Figure 4).
• Remove plastic plugs from shroud side panels.
• Screw a short length of 3/4” NPT pipe into the sides of
the water heater.
• Use the handles to move the water heater to the desired
location.
• Remove the handles.
• Reinstall the plastic plugs in the shroud side panels.
Flammable Vapors
Water heater has a main
burner and spark generator.
The spark generator:
1. can be triggered at any
time and
2. the spark will ignite
flammable vapors.
Vapors:
1. cannot be seen,
2. are heavier than air,
3. go a long way on the floor
and
4. can be carried from other
rooms to the the
electodes by air currents.
Installation: Do not install the water heater where flammable
products will be stored or used.
Handle
Handle
FIGURE 4
14
This water heater must not be installed directly on
carpeting. Carpeting must be protected by metal or wood
panel beneath the appliance extending beyond the full
width and depth of the appliance by at least 3in. (7.6cm)
in any direction, or if the appliance is installed in an alcove
or closet, the entire floor must be covered by the panel.
Failure to heed this warning may result in a fire hazard.
When installing the heater, consideration must be given to
proper location. Location selected should be as close to
the wall as practicable and as centralized with the water
piping system as possible.
FIGURE 5
Minimum clearances between the water heater and
combustible construction are 0 in. at the sides and rear,
0 in. (0cm) from the front and 2 in. (5.08cm) from the top
(see Figure 5). If clearances stated on the heater differ
from these distances, install water heater according to
clearances stated on the heater.
Remove the right side panel
1. Use a screwdriver to remove the screw from the
bottom, front of the right side panel.
2. Remove the three screws from the right side panel
towards the rear of the unit.
3. Remove the screw from the top of the unit.
4. Push the panel back and lift out.
Remove the left side panel
1. Use a screwdriver to remove the screw from the
bottom, front of the left side panel.
2. Remove the three screws from the left side panel
towards the rear of the unit.
3. Remove the screw from the top of the unit.
4. Push the panel back and lift out.
Top Casing
(Front)
Access To
Door Pins
Door
Lock
Adequate top clearance of 24 in. (61cm) for servicing this
appliance, such as changing the anodes etc., should be
considered before installation.
Screws
A minimum front clearance of 20 in. (51cm) and 10 in.
(26cm) of side clearance must be allowed for access to
replaceable parts.
EARTHQUAKE ZONES
In Earthquake Zones the water heater must be braced,
anchored, or strapped to avoid moving during an
earthquake. Contact local utilities for code requirements
in your area. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
installing the braces. Be sure to wear protective goggles
and gloves when handling any kind of sheet metal
product.
Tabs have been provided on each side of the rear portion
of the shroud. The top and bottom of each tab must be
cut and gently bent “inwards” thus allowing the straps to
exit the shroud (see Figure 9).
FIGURE 6
In order to access the tabs and install the earthquake
straps it is necessary to remove the top, front and side
panels of the shroud as follows (see Figures 6 - 8):
Door opening
1. Unlock the door by rotating the lock counter-clockwise
with a wide, slot screwdriver.
2. Release the top and bottom door pins by prying the
pins out, using a small screwdriver.
3. Open the door (the door remains fastened to the left
side panel).
Remove the top casing (front).
1. Use a screwdriver to remove the six screws securing
the top casing.
2. Lift up and remove casing top (front).
15
Screws
Screws
Top
Casing (Front)
FIGURE 7
Screws
FIGURE 9
After the heater has been positioned and the earthquake
straps have been installed, re-assemble the shroud in the
reverse order.
FIGURE 8
16
COMBUSTION AIR AND VENTILATION
A gas water heater cannot operate properly without the
correct amount of air for combustion. Do not install in a
confined area such as a closet, unless you provide air as
shown in the “Facts to Consider About Location” section.
Never obstruct the flow of ventilation air. If you have any
doubts or questions at all, call your gas supplier. Failure to
provide the proper amount of combustion air can result in
a fire or explosion and cause death, serious bodily injury,
or property damage.
In unconfined spaces in buildings, infiltration may be
adequate to provide air for combustion, ventilation and
dilution of flue gases. However, in buildings of tight
construction (for example, weather stripping, heavily
insulated, caulked, vapor barrier, etc.), additional air may
need to be provided using the methods described in
“Appliances in Confined Space” that follows.”
APPLIANCES IN CONFINED SPACES
CONFINED SPACE is a space whose volume is less
than 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8m3 per kW)
of the aggregate input rating of all appliances installed in
that space.
When drawing combustion air from inside a building to a
confined space, such a space should be provided with two
permanent openings. ONE WITHIN 12 in. (30cm) OF THE
ENCLOSURE TOP AND ONE WITHIN 12 in. (30cm) OF
THE ENCLOSURE BOTTOM. Each opening should have
a free area of 1 square inch per 1000 Btu/hr (22 cm2/kW)
of the total input of all appliances in the enclosure, but not
less than 100 square in. (645 cm2).
FIGURE 10
If this water heater will be used in beauty shops, barber
shops, cleaning establishments, or self-service laundries
with dry cleaning equipment, it is imperative that the water
heater(s) be installed so that all air for combustion and
ventilation is taken from outdoors.
Note: Vent length should be long enough that the outside
air will not freeze the water heater.
Propellants of aerosol sprays and volatile compounds,
(cleaners, chlorine based chemicals, refrigerants, etc.) in
addition to being highly flammable in many cases, will also
react to form corrosive hydrochloric acid when exposed to
the combustion products of the water heater. The results
can be hazardous, and also cause product failure.
APPLIANCES IN UNCONFINED SPACES
If the confined space is within a building, air for combustion
and ventilation must be obtained from outdoors. When
directly communicating with the outdoors or communicating
through vertical ducts, two permanent openings, located
in the above manner, should be provided. Each opening
should have a free area of not less than 1 square inch per
4000 Btu/hr (5.5 cm2/kW) of total input of all appliances in
the enclosure. If horizontal ducts are used, each opening
should have a free area of not less than 1 square inch per
2000 Btu/hr (11 cm2/kW) of the total input of all appliances
in the enclosure.
A. ALL AIR FROM INSIDE BUILDINGS: (See Figures 10
& 11)
The confined space should be provided with two permanent
openings communicating directly with an additional
room(s) of sufficient volume so that the combined volume
of all spaces meets the criteria for an unconfined space.
The total input of all gas utilization equipment installed in
the combined space should be considered in making this
determination. Each opening should have a minimum free
area of 1 square inch per 1,000 Btu per hour (22 cm2/kW)
of the total input rating of all gas utilization equipment in
the confined space, but not less than 100 square in. (645
cm2). One opening should commence within 12 in. (30cm)
of the top and one commencing within 12 in. (30cm) of the
bottom of the enclosures.
UNCONFINED SPACE is space whose volume is not less
than 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 cubic meters
per kW) of the aggregate input rating of all appliances
installed in that space. Rooms communicating directly with
the space in which the appliances are installed, through
openings not furnished with doors, are considered a part
of the unconfined space.
17
FIGURE 11
FIGURE 13
B. ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS: (See Figures 12, 13 and
14)
The confined space should be provided with two permanent
openings, one commencing within 12 in. (30cm) of the top
and one commencing within 12 in. (30cm) from the bottom
of the enclosure. The openings should communicate
directly, or by ducts, with the outdoors or spaces (crawl or
attic) that freely communicate with the outdoors.
4. When ducts are used, they should be of the same
cross-sectional area as the free area of the openings to
which they connect. The minimum short side dimension
of rectangular air ducts should not be less than 3 in.
(7.6cm) (see Figure 14).
1. When directly communicating with the outdoors, each
opening should have a minimum free area of 1 square
inch per 4,000 Btu per hour (5.5 cm2/kW) of total input
rating of all equipment in the enclosure (see Figure
12).
FIGURE 14
5. Alternatively a single permanent opening may be used
when communicating directly with the outdoors, or with
spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors. The
opening should have a minimum free area of 1 square
inch per 3,000 BTU per hour (7.3 cm2/kW) of total input
rating of all equipment in enclosure (see Figure 15).
FIGURE 12
2. When communicating with the outdoors through vertical
ducts, each opening should have a minimum free area
of 1 square inch per 4,000 Btu per hour (5.5 cm2/kW)
of total input rating of all equipment in the enclosure
(see Figure 13).
3. When communicating with the outdoors through
horizontal ducts, each opening should have a minimum
free area of 1 square inch per 2,000 Btu per hour (11
cm2/kW)) of total input rating of all equipment in the
enclosure (see Figure 14).
FIGURE 15
18
6. Louvers and Grilles: In calculating free area,
consideration should be given to the blocking effect of
louvers, grilles or screens protecting openings. Screens
used should not be smaller than 1/4 in. (0.64cm) mesh.
If the free area through a design of louver or grille is
known, it should be used in calculating the size opening
required to provide the free area specified. If the design
and free area is not known, it may be assumed that
wood louvers will be 20-25 percent free area and metal
louvers and grilles will have 60-75 percent free area.
Louvers and grilles should be fixed in the open position
or interlocked with the equipment so that they are
opened automatically during equipment operation.
7. Special Conditions Created by Mechanical Exhausting
or Fireplaces: operation of exhaust fans, ventilation
systems, clothes dryers or fireplaces may create
conditions requiring special attention to avoid
unsatisfactory operation of installed gas utilization
equipment.
CHEMICAL VAPOR CORROSION
HOT WATER CAN SCALD:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water
heated to a temperature which will satisfy space heating,
clothes washing, dish washing, cleaning and other sanitizing
needs can scald and permanently injure you upon contact.
Some people are more likely to be permanently injured by
hot water than others. These include the elderly, children,
the physically or developmentally disabled. If anyone using
hot water fits into one of these groups or if there is a local
code or state law requiring a certain temperature water at
the hot water tap, then you must take special precautions.
In addition to using the lowest possible temperature setting
that satisfies your hot water needs, a means such as a
*mixing valve, should be used at the hot water taps used
by these people or at the water heater (see Figure 3).
Valves for reducing point of use temperature by mixing
cold and hot water are also available:
Consult a Qualified Installer or Service Agency. Follow
manufacturer’s instructions for installation of the valves.
Before changing the factory setting on the thermostat, read
the “Temperature Regulation” section in this manual.
CORROSION OF THE FLUEWAYS AND VENT SYSTEM
MAY OCCUR IF AIR FOR COMBUSTION CONTAINS
CERTAIN CHEMICAL VAPORS. SUCH CORROSION MAY
RESULT IN FAILURE AND RISK OF ASPHYXIATION.
Spray can propellants, cleaning solvents, refrigerator and
air conditioning refrigerants, swimming pool chemicals,
calcium and sodium chloride (water softener salt), waxes,
and process chemicals are typical compounds which are
potentially corrosive.
Do not store products of this sort near the heater. Also,
air which is brought in contact with the heater should
not contain any of these chemicals. If necessary,
uncontaminated air should be obtained from remote or
outside sources.
WATER PIPING
This water heater should not be connected to any heating
systems or component(s) used with a non-potable water
heating appliance.
All piping components connected to this unit should be
suitable for use with potable water.
Toxic chemicals, such as those used for boiler treatment
should not be introduced into this system.
When the system requires water for space heating at
temperatures higher than required for domestic water
purposes, a mixing valve must be installed. Please refer
to Figure 3 for suggested piping arrangement.
CLOSED WATER SYSTEMS
Water supply systems may, because of code requirements
or such conditions as high line pressure, among others,
have installed devices such as pressure reducing valves,
check valves, and back flow preventers. Devices such as
these cause the water system to be a closed system.
THERMAL EXPANSION
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In a
closed system, the volume of water will increase. As the
volume of water increases, there will be a corresponding
increase in water pressure due to thermal expansion.
Thermal expansion can cause premature tank failure
19
(leakage). This type of failure is not covered under the
limited warranty. Thermal expansion can also cause
intermittent temperature-pressure relief valve operation:
water discharged from the valve due to excessive pressure
build up. The temperature-pressure relief valve is not
intended for the constant relief of thermal expansion. This
condition is not covered under the limited warranty.
A properly-sized thermal expansion tank should be
installed on all closed systems to control the harmful
effects of thermal expansion. Contact a plumbing service
agency or your retail supplier regarding the installation of
a thermal expansion tank.
HARD WATER
We highly recommend installing water filtering system or
a water softener before the water heater system. If you
are installing a water filtering system use a 5 micron filter
to reduce particles that can potentially cause nuisance
shutdown problems and prolong the maintenance of the
water heater’s inlet filter. A water softener can affect the
life of the anode installed in this water heater. Refer to
“Anode Rod Inspection” section in this manual.
Clean the filter on the water inlet as frequently as required
by the quality of your local water. Refer to “Cleaning The
Inlet Water Filter” section of this manual. One additional
filter is supplied with your water heater.
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
NOTE: If using copper tubing, solder tubing to an
adapter before attaching the adapter to the water
heater connections. Do not solder the water lines
directly to the water heater connections. It will harm
the dip tube and damage the tank.
SHUT-OFF
VALVE
TEMPERED
POTABLE WATER
COLD WATER
INLET
MIXING
VALVE
(OPTIONAL)
PIPE INSULATION
(RECOMMENDED)
Rear View
FIGURE 16
NOTE: To protect against untimely corrosion of hot
and cold water fittings, it is strongly recommended
that di-electric unions or couplings be installed on
this water heater when connected to copper pipe (see
Figure 3 also).
Figures 3 and 16 show the typical attachment of the water
piping to the water heater. The water heater is equipped
with 3/4” NPT water connections.
20
This heater is provided with a properly certified combination
temperature - pressure relief valve by the manufacturer.
The valve is certified by a nationally recognized testing
laboratory that maintains periodic inspection of production
of listed equipment of materials as meeting the requirements
for Relief Valves for Hot Water Supply Systems, ANSI
Z21.22 • CSA 4.4, and the code requirements of ASME.
If replaced, the valve must meet the requirements of local
codes, but not less than a combination temperature and
pressure relief valve certified as indicated in the above
paragraph.
The valve must be marked with a maximum set pressure
not to exceed the marked hydrostatic working pressure of
the water heater (150 psi = 1,035 kPa) and a discharge
capacity not less than the water heater Btu/hr input rate
as shown on the water heater’s rating plate.
For safe operation of the water heater, the relief valve
must not be removed from its designated opening nor
plugged.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be installed
directly into the fitting of the water heater designed for the
relief valve. Must terminate a maximum of 6 in. (15cm)
above a floor drain or external to the building. In cold
climates, it is recommended that the discharge pipe be
terminated at an adequate drain inside the building. Be
certain that no contact is made with any live electrical part.
The discharge opening must not be blocked or reduced
in size under any circumstances. Excessive length, over
30 ft. (9.14m), or use of more than four elbows can cause
restriction and reduce the discharge capacity of the valve
(see Figure 3).
No valve or other obstruction is to be placed between the
relief valve and the tank. Do not connect tubing directly to
discharge drain unless a 6 in. (15cm) air gap is provided.
To prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or property damage,
the relief valve must be allowed to discharge water in
quantities should circumstances demand. If the discharge
pipe is not connected to a drain or other suitable means,
the water flow may cause property damage.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be manually
operated at least once a year, (see Figure 17). Caution
should be taken to ensure that (1) no one is in front of or
around the outlet of the temperature-pressure relief valve
discharge line, and (2) the water manually discharged will
not cause any bodily injury or property damage because
the water may be extremely hot.
FIGURE 17
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely
reset and continues to release water, immediately close
the cold water inlet to the water heater, follow the draining
instructions, and replace the temperature-pressure relief
valve with a new one.
T&P Valve and Pipe Insulation (if supplied)
Remove insulation for T&P valve and pipe connections
from carton.
The Discharge Pipe:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size
of the valve, or have any reducing couplings or other
restrictions.
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of
both the temperature-pressure relief valve, and the
discharge pipe.
• Shall terminate a maximum of 6 in. (15cm) above a floor
drain or external to the building. In cold climates, it is
recommended that the discharge line be terminated at
an adequate drain inside the building.
• Shall not have any valve between the relief valve and
tank.
FIGURE 18
Fit pipe insulation over the incoming cold water line and
the hot water line. Make sure that the insulation is against
the top cover of the heater. Fit T&P valve insulation over
valve. Make sure that the insulation does not interfere with
the lever of the T&P valve.
Secure all insulation using tape.
21
GAS PIPING
Make sure gas supplied is same type listed on model
rating plate. The inlet gas pressure must not exceed 14
in. WC (3.5 kPa) for natural and propane gas (L.P.). The
minimum inlet gas pressure shown on rating plate is that
which will permit firing at rated input.
All gas piping must comply with local codes and ordinances
or with the National Fuel Gas Code (ANSI Z223.1/ NFPA54). Copper or brass tubing and fittings (except tin lined
copper tubing) should not be used.
If the gas control valve is subjected to pressures exceeding
1/2 psi (3.5 kPa), the damage to the gas control valve could
result in a fire or explosion from leaking gas.
If the main gas line shut-off serving all gas appliances is
used, also turn “off” the gas at each appliance. Leave all
gas appliances shut “off” until the water heater installation
is complete.
A gas line of sufficient size must be run to the water heater.
Consult the current edition of National Fuel Gas Code
(ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54) and your gas supplier concerning
pipe size.
There must be:
• A readily accessible manual shut off valve in the gas
supply line serving the water heater, and
• A drip leg (sediment trap) ahead of the gas control valve
to help prevent dirt and foreign materials from entering
the gas control valve.
• A ground joint union or equivalent between the shut off
valve and control valve to permit servicing of the unit.
The appliance and its gas connections must be leak tested
before placing the appliance in operation. Use a leak test
solution, not a match or open flame.
NOTE: An alternate location for the gas line entry is
possible. Drill a suitable hole centered on the crosshairs
on the left side panel.
Use pipe joint compound or Teflon tape marked as being
resistant to the action of petroleum [Propane (L.P.)]
gases.
The appliance and its gas connection must be leak tested
before placing the appliance in operation.
The appliance and its individual shut-off valve must be
disconnected from the gas supply piping system during
any pressure testing of the system at test pressures in
excess of 1/2 psi (3.5 kPa).
It shall be isolated from the gas supply piping system
by closing its individual manual shut-off valve during
the pressure testing, the gas supply piping system at
test pressures equal to or less than 1/2 psi (3.5 kPa) is
considered isolated.
IMPORTANT: MAKE SURE THE GAS LINE IS PIPED WITH
HARD PIPE. AVOID FLEX LINE CONSTRUCTION FOR
GAS DUE TO POSSIBLE GAS FLOW PROBLEMS.
SEDIMENT TRAPS
A sediment trap shall be installed as close to the gas inlet
of the water heater as practical at the time of water heater
installation. The sediment trap shall be either a tee fitting
with a capped nipple in the bottom outlet or other device
recognized as an effective sediment trap.
Contaminants in the gas lines may cause improper
operation of the gas control valve that may result in fire
or explosion. Before attaching the gas line be sure that all
gas pipe is clean on the inside. To trap any dirt or foreign
material in the gas supply line, a drip leg (sometimes called
22
a sediment trap) must be incorporated in the piping. The
drip leg must be readily accessible. Install in accordance
with the “Gas Piping” section. Refer to the current edition
of the National Fuel Gas Code (ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54).
GAS LINE PURGING
Air may be present in the gas lines and could prevent
the burner from lighting on initial start-up. The gas lines
should be purged of air by a qualified service technician
after installation of the gas piping system.
FLOODING/FREEZING
If this water heater has been exposed to flooding,
freezing, fire or any unusual condition, do not put it into
operation until it has been inspected and approved by a
qualified service technician. These conditions can result
in unseen internal damage and are not subject to warranty
coverage.
FILLING THE WATER HEATER
HIGH ALTITUDE INSTALLATIONS
WARNING
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
• Special consideration must be taken with
installations above 3,500 ft. (1,067m).
• Please contact a qualified service agent
to obtain proper setup and instructions
before lighting.
• Failure to implement the proper setup
will result in improper and inefficient
operation of the appliance resulting in
production of increased levels of carbon
monoxide gas in excess of the safe
limits which could result in serious
personal injury or death.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or death.
Always read and understand instruction manual.
Standard model is set at the factory to operate at altitudes
from sea level to 3,500 feet (1,067m) only.
High altitude model is set at the factory to operate at
altitudes from 3,501 feet (1,067m) to 6,500 feet (1,981m)
above sea level only.
Never use this water heater unless it is completely full of
water. To prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be
filled with water. Open the nearest hot water faucet to allow
air to escape. Water must flow from the hot water faucet
before turning “ON” gas to the water heater.
To fill the water heater with water:
1. Close the water heater drain valve by turning the
handle to the right (clockwise). The drain valve is on
the lower front of the water heater.
2. Open the cold water supply valve to the water heater tank.
NOTE: The cold water supply valve must be left
open when the water heater is in use.
3. To insure complete filling of the tank, allow air to exit
by opening the nearest hot water faucet. Allow water
to run until a constant flow is obtained. This will let air
out of the water heater and the piping.
4. Check all water piping and connections for leaks.
Repair as needed.
Accessory kits are available to allow the heaters to operate
at altitudes higher than 6,500 feet (1,981m). These
accessory kits are listed in the table below. Instructions for
installing these accessories are include in the kits.
Altitude ft (m)
Kit #
6,501 - 8,500 (1,981 - 2,591)
9007440005
8,501 - 11,000 (2,591 - 3,352)
9007441005
WARNING: THESE HIGH EFFICIENCY WATER HEATERS
ARE CERTIFIED FOR USE AT SPECIFIC ALTITUDE
RANGES. FOR USE AT ALTITUDES OVER 3,500 FEET
(1,067M) OR 6,500 FEET (1,981M) THE PRIMARY
CONTROL BOARD (PCB) MUST BE CHANGED. USE
THE APPROPRIATE ACCESSORY KIT NUMBER FOR
ALTITUDES SHOWN IN THE ABOVE CHART.
23
VENTING
VENT PIPE TECHNIQUES
NOT RECOMMENDED:
PREFERRED PRACTICE:
STREET ELBOW
NORMAL ELBOW
6 in.
(15 cm) min.
BACK TO BACK ELBOWS
The first step is to determine where the vent pipe will
terminate (see Figures 24, 27 & 31). The vent may
terminate through a sidewall as shown in Figure 24 or
through the roof as shown in Figure 27.
Important: The vent system must terminate so that proper
clearances are maintained as cited in local codes or the
current edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, (ANSI
Z223.1, 12.9.1 through 12.9.4) and as listed below:
• Vent Termination must extend a minimum of 18
in. (46cm) above roof or 18 in. (46cm) above the
anticipated snow level to prevent blockage of the vent
termination, as shown in Figures 24 and 27.
90° SHORT SWEEP ELBOW
(MORE RESTRICTIVE)
90° LONG SWEEP ELBOW
(LESS RESTRICTIVE)
FIGURE 19
Instructions on proper installation through a sidewall are
provided in Figure 31.
Plan the vent system layout so that proper clearances are
maintained from plumbing and wiring.
Vent pipes serving power vented appliances are classified
by building codes as “vent connectors”. Required
clearances from combustible materials must be provided
in accordance with information in this manual under “Facts
to Consider About Location” and with the National Fuel
Gas Code and local codes.
24
VENT LENGTH GREATER THAN 20
VENT LENGTH LESS THAN OR
EQUAL TO 20 EQUIVALENT FEET EQUIVALENT FEET (6.1m) USE THIS
RODENT SCREEN.
(6.1m) USE THIS RODENT SCREEN.
FIGURE 20
NOTE: VENT PIPE MUST BE SUPPORTED EVERY 4 ft. (1.2m). TO PREVENT VIBRATION, USE
ISOLATION PADS WHEN ATTACHING STRAPS TO FLOOR JOISTS, WALLS OR CEILINGS.
TERMINATION
ELBOW
45°
ELBOW
STRAP
RODENT SCREEN
(INSTALL INTO
ELBOW)
GROUND LEVEL OR
MAXIMUM SNOW
LINE*
Example for calculating equivalent feet.
Section “A” . . . . 0.5 ft. . . (0.15m)
90° elbow . . . . . 7.0 ft. . . (2.13m)
Section B . . . . . 1.0 ft. . . (0.31m)
45° elbow . . . . . 4.0 ft. . . (1.21m)
Section C . . . . . 1.5 ft. . . (0.46m)
45° elbow . . . . . 4.0 ft. . . (1.21m)
Section D . . . . . 15.0 ft. . (4.57m)
Total Equivalent 33.0 ft. . (10.04m)
Based on this example use the (fully open) rodent
screen for vent length greater than 20 equivalent
ft. (6.1 equivalent metres).
Vent piping must slope up
from heater to termination a
minimum of 1/8 in. (0.3cm)
rise per 4 ft. (1.2m) of vent
piping
90°
ELBOW
6 in.
(15cm)
MIN.
FIGURE 21
PLANNING THE VENT SYSTEM
Plan the route of the vent system from the exhaust elbow
to the planned location of the vent terminal.
1. Layout total vent system to use a minimum of vent pipe
and elbows. Refer to Figure 21.
2. This water heater is capable of venting flue gases a
minimum distance of 10 ft. (0.3m), a maximum distance
equivalent to 50 ft. (15.2m) of 2 in. pipe or 100 ft.
(30.5m) of 3 in. pipe. The use of elbows reduces the
maximum distance (see Figure 19 and Table 1).
NOTE: The lengths of pipe listed are exclusive of the
termination. The termination elbow, with an installed
rodent screen, is required and uses the equivalent of 7
ft. (2.1m) of vent pipe length. Therefore, the remainder
of the vent system must not exceed the lengths
listed.
NOTE: Do NOT use Cellcore venting (PVC outer layer,
foamcore-type material for middle layer, and then PVC
inside layer).
Number
of 90°
Elbows
Maximum vent
length for 2 in. pipe
ft. (m)
Maximum vent
length for 3 in. pipe
ft. (m)
Short
Radius
Elbow
Short
Radius
Elbow
Long
Radius
Elbow
Long
Radius
Elbow
1
43 (13.1) 45 (13.7) 93 (28.4) 95 (28.9)
2
36 (10.9) 40 (12.2) 86 (26.2) 90 (27.4)
3
29 (8.8)
35 (10.6) 79 (24.0) 85 (25.9)
4
22 (6.7)
30 (9.1)
72 (21.9) 80 (24.4)
5
15 (4.5)
25 (7.6)
65 (19.8) 75 (22.8)
TABLE 1
3. The exhaust elbow assembly comes with a straight
section of 2 in. pipe installed. To continue the vent
system, a rubber coupling must be attached. The
venting must extend 6 in. (15cm) vertically from the
top of the heater before installing an elbow.
If using 2 inch vent pipe:
Install the rubber coupling and gear clamps (supplied)
at the end of the section of vent pipe installed on the
heater. Continue building the vent system, or connect
the existing vent system to the coupling. The total
vent system must not exceed the lengths discussed
above, where each (short radius) elbow is equal to
7 equivalent feet (2.1m) of straight pipe. The 2 in.
elbow and appropriate rodent screen (determined by
the equivalent feet of vent length) supplied in the vent
kit must be used as the vent termination (see Figure
20).
If using 3 inch vent pipe:
Install the rubber reducing coupling (2 in. to 3 in.) and
gear clamps (supplied) at the end of the section of
vent pipe installed on the heater. Continue building
the vent system, or connect the existing vent system
to the coupling. The total system must not exceed
the equivalent pipe lengths discussed above where
each (long radius) elbow is equal to 5 ft. (1.5m) of 3
in. diameter straight vent pipe. The 3 in. elbow and
stainless steel rodent screen supplied in the vent kit
must be used as the vent termination.
NOTE: This unit can be vented with PVC pipe materials
(DWV ASTM-D2665; Schedule 40, 80, 120 ASTMD1785; or SDR Series ASTM-D2241), CPVC pipe
materials (CPVC41 ASTM-D2846; Schedule 40, 80
ASTM-F441; or SDR Series ASTM-F442), ABS pipe
materials (Schedule 40 DWV ASTM-D2661). The
fittings, other than the TERMINATION should be
equivalent to PVC-DWV fittings meeting ASTM D-2665
(Use CPVC fittings, ASTM F-438 for CPVC pipe and
ABS fittings, ASTM D-2661/3311 for ABS pipe). If CPVC
or ABS pipe and fittings are used, then proper cement
must be used for all joints, including joining the pipe to
Termination (PVC Material). If local codes do not allow
the use of the PVC termination when a material other
than PVC is used for venting, then an equivalent fitting
of that material may be substituted if the screen in the
25
PVC terminal is removed and inserted into the new
fitting.
CAUTION
This water heater is supplied with a 45 degree
termination elbow that is a special fitting that must be
used with the appliance.
Vent terminals supplied with heater must be used.
PVC Materials should use ASTM D-2564 Grade
Cement; CPVC Materials should use ASTM F-493
Grade Cement and ABS Materials should use ASTM
D-2235 Grade Cement.
NOTE: BEFORE BEGINNING INSTALLATION OF ANY
VENT PIPE READ THE VENT PIPE MANUFACTURER’S
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS.
If the water heater is being installed as a replacement
for an existing power vented heater in pre-existing
venting, a thorough inspection of existing venting
system must be performed prior to any installation work.
Verify that correct material as detailed above has been
used, and that the minimum or maximum vent lengths
and terminal location as detailed in this manual have
been met. Carefully inspect the entire venting system
for any signs of cracks or fractures, particularly at joints
between elbows and other fittings and straight runs of
vent pipe. Check system for signs of sagging or other
stresses in joints as a result of misalignment of any
components in the system. If any of these conditions
are found, they must be corrected in accordance
with the venting instructions in this manual before
completing installation and putting the water heater
into service.
NOTE: (A.) For water heaters in locations with high
ambient temperatures (above 100°F (38°C)) it is
recommended that CPVC or ABS pipe and fittings be
used. (B.) A 22.5 degree elbow (2 in. vent pipe) or a 45
degree elbow (3 in. vent pipe) with an installed screen
VENT TERMINAL must be used in all cases.
4. There will be some installations where condensate will
be formed in the horizontal runs of the vent system.
This condensate will run into the condensate trap. The
water heater is shipped with a condensate tube that
attaches to the condensate trap. No other tee or fitting
is required. Refer to the section titled “Condensate”.
INSTALLATION OF VENT SYSTEM
Before beginning installation of piping system thoroughly
read the “Vent Pipe Preparation” section of this manual.
If you are installing your system so that it vents through
roof, please refer to the section titled “Installation Of
Vertical Vent System”.
Ensure the vent length is long enough that the outside air
will not cause the water heater to freeze.
26
VENT TERMINAL INSTALLATION, SIDEWALL
1. After the points of termination have been determined,
install the vent terminal by using the cover plate as
a template to mark the hole for the vent pipe to pass
through the wall. BEWARE OF CONCEALED WIRING
AND PIPING INSIDE THE WALL.
2. If the Vent Terminal is being installed on the outside
of a finished wall, it may be easier to mark both the
inside and outside wall. Align the holes by drilling
a hole through the center of the template from the
inside through to the outside. The template can now
be positioned on the outside wall using the drilled hole
as a centering point for the template.
3. A) MASONRY SIDEWALLS
Chisel an opening approximately 1/2 in. (1.3cm)
larger than the marked circle.
B) WOODEN SIDEWALLS
Drill a pilot hole approximately 1/4 in. (0.64cm)
outside of the marked circle. This pilot hole is used
as a starting point for a saws-all or sabre saw blade.
Cut around the marked circle staying approximately
1/4 in. (0.64cm) outside of the line. (This will allow
the vent to easily slide through the opening. The
resulting gap will be covered up by the Vent Terminal
cover plate.) Repeat this step on inside wall if
necessary.
4. Cut a length of vent pipe about 3.5 in. (9cm) longer
than the wall thickness at the opening.
5 Glue the vent terminal to the section of the pipe.
6. Slide the wall plate over pipe to stop against the vent
terminal.
7. Place a bead of caulking (not supplied) around the
gap between the pipe and the wall. Place some of the
caulking on the back of the plate to hold it against the
wall after installation.
8. If the vent pipe is installed up to the wall, with a coupling
on the end against the wall opening, the pipe with
the vent terminal can be prepared for gluing before
inserting through the wall. Slide the pipe through the
wall and insert into coupling on the other side of the
wall, making sure that the vent terminal ends up pointed
in the correct position (see Figure 22).
FIGURE 22
INSTALLATION OF VENT SYSTEM, SIDEWALL
With the route of the venting system and selection of
materials completed, as discussed in the section of this
manual titled “Planning The Vent System”, the through-thewall vent terminal in place and the first section of piping,
up to first elbow, installed at the rubber coupling, it is time
to complete the installation of the venting system for the
sidewall installation.
Before completing the installation of the venting system
be sure to read the sections of this manual discussing the
proper method of cutting and cementing PVC pipe and
fittings in the “Vent Pipe Preparation” section.
It is recommended that the completion of the venting
system start at the rubber coupling and run to the coupling
on the inside wall of the vent terminal (see Figure 23).
FIGURE 24
6 in. (15 cm)
MIN. LENGTH
SEALANT
ATTACH 45°
TERMINATION
ELBOW
12 in.
(30 cm) min.
RODENT
SCREEN
(INSTALL
INTO
ELBOW)
VENT PIPING TO BE
SLOPED (DOWN)
TOWARD HEATER
TO PREVENT WATER
FROM COLLECTING.
SEALANT
GROUND
LEVEL*
* WHERE SNOW COVER IS NORMAL DURING WINTER, ENSURE SUFFICIENT
VENT CLEARANCE TO PREVENT BLOCKAGE OR ICE BUILDUP.
FIGURE 25
FIGURE 23
The vent system piping should be supported every 5 ft.
(1.5m) of vertical run and every 3 ft. (91cm) of horizontal
run. All piping and fittings must be joined by the proper
procedures as described under “Vent Pipe Preparation”.
27
ATTACH 45°
TERMINATION
ELBOW
RODENT
SCREEN
(INSTALL
INTO
ELBOW)
12 in.
(30 cm) min.
3 in. (7.6cm)
MIN. LENGTH
BRACKET
EQUIVALENT
VENT LENGTH
MEASURED
FROM THIS
POSITION
SEALANT
VENT
RISER
GROUND
LEVEL*
VENT
PIPING TO
BE SLOPED
SEALANT
(DOWN)
TOWARD
HEATER TO
* WHERE SNOW COVER IS NORMAL DURING WINTER, PREVENT
ENSURE SUFFICIENT VENT CLEARANCE TO PREVENT WATER FROM
BLOCKAGE OR ICE BUILDUP.
COLLECTING.
FIGURE 26
INSTALLATION OF VERTICAL VENT SYSTEM
A proper flashing or “BOOT” should be used to seal the
pipe where it exits the roof. The total vent system should
not exceed the equivalent feet of pipe as listed in Table
1.
Provide support for all pipe protruding through the roof. All
piping should be properly secured. The vent system piping
should be supported every 5 ft. (1.5m) of vertical run and
every 3 ft. (91cm) of horizontal run. All piping and fittings
must be joined by the proper procedures as described
under “Vent Pipe Preparation”.
FIGURE 27
28
A VENT USED IN A SPECIAL
VENTING SYSTEM WITH POSITIVE
VENT PRESSURE AND PASSING
THROUGH A ROOF SHALL
EXTEND AT LEAST 450mm (18
in.) ABOVE THE HIGHEST POINT
WHERE IT PASSES THROUGH
THE ROOF SURFACE AND ANY
OTHER OBSTRUCTION WITHIN
A HORIZONTAL DISTANCE OF
450mm (18 in.). A VERTICAL
VENTING SYSTEM MUST BE
SUPPORTED EVERY 1.5m (5 ft.).
TERMINATION
MAY BE 45°
ELBOW OR A
“T” ELBOW
18 in.
(45cm)
RODENT
SCREEN
(INSTALL
INTO
ELBOW)
ROOF
LINE
FIGURE 28
VENT PIPE PREPARATION
1. INITIAL PREPARATION.
A. Make sure the solvent cement you are planning to
use is designed for the specific application you are
attempting.
B. Know the physical and chemical characteristics and
limitations of the PVC and CPVC piping materials
that you are about to use.
C. Know the reputation of your manufacturer and their
products.
D. Know your own qualifications or those of your
contractor. The solvent welding technique of joining
PVC and CPVC pipe is a specialized skill just as any
other pipe fitting technique.
E. Closely supervise the installation and inspect the
finished job before start-up.
F. Contact the manufacturer, supplier, or competent
consulting agency if you have any questions about
the application or installation of PVC and CPVC
pipe.
G. Take the time and effort to do a professional job.
Shortcuts will only cause you problems and delays
in start-up. By far, the majority of failures in PVC and
CPVC systems are the result of shortcuts and/or
improper joining techniques.
2. SELECTION OF MATERIALS.
• Cutting Device - Saw or Pipe Cutter.
• Deburring Tool, Knife, File, or Beveling Machine (2
in. and above).
• Brush - Pure Bristle.
• Rag - Cotton (Not Synthetic).
• Primer and Cleaner.
• Solvent Cement - PVC for PVC Components and
CPVC for CPVC Components.
• Containers - Metal or Glass to hold Primer and
Cement. Select the type of PVC or CPVC materials
to be used on the basis of their application with
respect to chemical resistance, pressure rating,
temperature characteristics, etc.
• Insertion Tool - Helpful for larger diameter pipe and
fittings 6 in. (15cm) and above.
APPLICATORS
Select a suitable pure bristle type paint brush. Use a proper
width brush or roller to apply the primer and cement (see
chart below). Speedy application of cement is important
due to its fast drying characteristics. IMPORTANT NOTE:
A dauber type applicator should only be used on pipe sizes
2 in. and below. For larger diameter pipe, a brush or roller
must be used.
RECOMMENDED BRUSH* SIZE FOR PRIMER AND
CEMENT APPLICATIONS
Nominal Pipe (IPS)
Size Brush Width
2
1.5 in. (3.8cm)
3
1.5”-2.5 in. (3.8cm 6.4cm)
*USE ONLY NATURAL BRISTLE
3. MAKING THE JOINT.
PRIMER
It is recommended that Tetrahydrofuran (THF) be used
to prepare the surfaces of pipe and fittings for solvent
welding. Do not use water, rags, gasoline or any other
substitutes for cleaning PVC or CPVC surfaces. A chemical
cleaner such as MEK may be used.
CEMENT
The cement should be a bodied cement of approximately
500 to 1600 centipoise viscosity containing 10-20% (by
weight) virgin PVC material solvated with tetrahydrofuran
(THF). Small quantities of dimethyl formamide (DMF)
may be included to act as a retarding agent to extend
curing time. Select the proper cement; Schedule 40
cement should be used for Schedule 40 pipe. Never use
all-purpose cements, commercial glues and adhesives or
ABS cement to join PVC or CPVC pipe and fittings.
A. Cutting
Pipe must be squarely cut to allow for the proper
interfacing of the pipe end and the fitting socket
bottom. This can be accomplished with a miter box
saw or wheel type cutter Wheel type cutters are not
generally recommended for larger diameters since
they tend to flare the corner of the pipe end. If this
type of cutter is used, the flare on the end must be
completely removed.
NOTE: Power saws should be specifically designed to
cut plastic pipe.
STEP A
29
B. Deburring
Use a knife, plastic pipe deburring tool, or file to
remove burrs from the end of small diameter pipe.
Be sure to remove all burrs from around the inside
as well as the outside of the pipe. A slight chamfer
(bevel) of about 10°-15° should be added to the end
to permit easier insertion of the pipe into the end of
the fitting. Failure to chamfer the edge of the pipe
may remove cement from the fitting socket, causing
the joint to leak.
E. Application of solvent cement
• Apply the solvent cement evenly and quickly around
the outside of the pipe at a width a little greater than
the depth of the fitting socket.
• Apply a light coat of cement evenly around the inside
of the fitting socket. Avoid puddling.
• Apply a second coat of cement to the pipe end.
STEP E
STEP B
C. Test dry fit of the joint
Tapered fitting sockets are designed so that
an interfaced fit should occur when the pipe is
inserted about 1/3 to 2/3 of the way into the socket.
Occasionally, when pipe fitting dimensions are at
the tolerance extremes, it will be possible to fully
insert dry pipe to the bottom of the fitting socket.
When this happens, a sufficient quantity of cement
must be applied to the joint to fill the gap between
the pipe and fitting. The gap must be filled to obtain
a strong, leak-free joint.
D. Inspection, cleaning, priming
Visually inspect the inside of the pipe and fitting
sockets and remove all dirt, grease or moisture
with a clean dry rag. If wiping fails to clean the
surfaces, a chemical cleaner must be used. Check
for possible damage such as splits or cracks and
replace if necessary.
Depth-of-entry
Marking the depth of entry is a way to check if the
pipe has reached the bottom of the fitting socket
in Step F. Measure the fitting depth and mark this
distance on the pipe O.D. You may want to add
several inches to the distance and make a second
mark as the primer and cement will most likely
destroy your first one.
Apply primer to the surface of the pipe and fitting
socket with a natural bristle brush. This process
softens and prepares the PVC or CPVC for the
solvent cementing step. Move quickly and without
hesitation to the cementing procedure while the
surfaces are still wet with primer.
F. Joint assembly
Working quickly, insert the pipe into the fitting socket
bottom and give the pipe or fitting a 1/4 turn to evenly
distribute the cement. Do not continue to rotate the
pipe after it has hit the bottom of the fitting socket.
A good joint will have sufficient cement to make a
bead all the way around the outside of the fitting hub.
The fitting will have a tendency to slide back while
the cement is still wet so hold the joint together for
about 15 seconds.
STEP F
G. Cleanup and joint movement
Remove all excess cement from around the pipe
and fitting with a dry cotton rag. This must be done
while the cement is still soft.
The joint should not be disturbed immediately after
the cementing procedure, and sufficient time should
be allowed for proper curing of the joint. Exact drying
time is difficult to predict because it depends on
variables such as temperature, humidity and cement
integrity. For more specific information, you should
contact your solvent cement manufacturer.
STEP G
30
CONNECTION TO VENT PIPE
The vent system connects to the vent pipe with an elbow
or rubber coupling. This coupling includes gear clamps.
These connections must be properly seated and tightened
to prevent the leakage of flue gases into the installation
area.
With 2 in. venting the straight rubber adapter is used for the
connection to the vent pipe. With 3 in. venting a transition
adapter is required to change from the 2 in. vent pipe to
the 3 in. vent size.
contain some water. Before being started for the first time,
water must be added to the trap. Remove the condensate
tube (if installed) and add water to the trap through the
hole for the condensate tube until it flows from the hole.
(Re)install the condensate tube.
VENTING
EXHAUST
ELBOW
BARBED FITTING
CONDENSATE
TRAP
DRAIN PAN - ROUTE
TO SUITABLE DRAIN
Clean and lightly sand the end of the vent piping that will
connect to the rubber coupling.
Loosen the upper clamp on the rubber adapter and insert
the sanded end of the vent pipe and tighten the gear
clamp.
NOTE: Do not glue or seal in the rubber coupling. Check
the venting system to ensure that there is no stress on the
connection or the vent pipe which will create a twisting or
bending.
CONDENSATE TUBE SLOPE TO SUITABLE DRAIN
NOTE: THE CONDENSATE TUBE
MUST BE BELOW EXHAUST ELBOW.
FIGURE 30
UPPER GEAR
CLAMP
LOWER
GEAR CLAMP
RUBBER COUPLING/
ADAPTER (2”)
RUBBER ADAPTER (2 in.to
3”)
FIGURE 29
CONDENSATE
This water heater is a condensing unit and requires a drain
to be located in close proximity to allow the condensate
to drain safely. The condensate drains from the unit at
the exhaust tee located at the bottom of the unit (see
Figure 30). Condensate from this water heater is mildly
acidic. Please note that some local codes require that
condensate is treated by using a pH neutralizing filter
prior to disposal.
CONDENSATION WARNING:
THIS WATER HEATER IS A CONDENSING UNIT AND
REQUIRES A DRAIN TO BE LOCATED IN CLOSE
PROXIMITY TO ALLOW CONDENSATE TO DRAIN
SAFELY. THE CONDENSATE DRAINS FROM UNIT AT
THE EXHAUST ELBOW LOCATED AT BOTTOM OF
UNIT.
NOTE: IT IS IMPORTANT THAT THE CONDENSATE
TUBE NOT BE ELEVATED ABOVE THE CONDENSATE
TRAP OUTLET (SEE FIGURE 30). CONDENSATE
BUILD-UP WILL BLOCK THE EXHAUST OUTLET,
WHICH WILL CAUSE IMPROPER OPERATION. WITH
SOME INSTALLATIONS IT IS RECOMMENDED TO
INSTALL A CONDENSATE PUMP.
NOTE: Barbed fitting not required if hard piping is used
to drain condensate.
Caution must be used to ensure that the drain is free and
clear of debris and will not allow backflow through the
condensate tube. Consideration must be given to avoid
freezing of the condensate lines which could result in
excessive build up of condensate inside the water heater.
Waterproof heat tape may be required to prevent freezing
of the condensate lines. Please ensure that the outlet of
the condensate drain does not create a slippery condition
which could lead to personal injury.
To operate properly and prevent exhaust gases from
escaping through the condensate trap, the trap must
31
U.S. POWER VENT
WARNING
VENT HOOD(S) MAY BE
EXTREMELY HOT
DURING OPERATION.
FIGURE 31
CAUTION
TO PREVENT EXHAUSTING PRODUCTS FROM CIRCULATING TO THE AIR INTAKE IN
WINDY/COLD AREAS, THE MAXIMUM PRACTICAL DISTANCE BETWEEN THESE TWO
TERMINALS IS RECOMMENDED.
32
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
The water heater must be connected to a properly
grounded electrical branch circuit. A dedicated circuit is
preferred. Do not use a GFI outlet.
Refer to the rating plate attached to the water heater to
determine the electrical requirements for the heater. Ensure
the circuit provided is correct for these requirements.
Important: Do not use an extension cord to connect the
water heater to an electrical outlet.
Important: The electrical controls used inside the gas
control of this water heater are polarity sensitive. Ensure
the electrical supply is connected correctly in the receptacle
box. Failure to connect correctly will prevent the unit from
functioning properly.
To put the heater into service after a successful
calibration:
1. Close the hot water faucet.
2. Unplug the power cord from the 120Vac/60Hz outlet
3. Open (plastic) front door of the heater and remove the
service cap of the heat engine (Parts Identification Item
14.) The DIP switches are located on the PCB which is
mounted on the right-hand side of the heat engine.
4. Set DIP switch 4 in the normal (OFF) position (see
Figure 32).
5. Reinstall the service cap on the heat engine, close
and latch the front door of the heater.
6. Plug the power cord into the 120Vac/60Hz outlet.
7. Press the Standby Button to turn on the heater and
start the unit.
When all the water, gas and venting connections have
been correctly made, fill the tank as directed in the section
“FILLING THE WATER HEATER”.
When the tank has been filled, connect the electrical power
and proceed with starting the water heater as directed in
the “CALIBRATION” section.
CALIBRATION
The water heater must be calibrated as follows before
being put into service. The Calibration Procedure
examines and measures certain details of your installation
and automatically sets some control parameters. Before
starting the Calibration Procedure, the heater must be
properly installed and connected to the water piping and
the vent system. Ensure all panels, covers and doors are
in place.
This procedure assumes that the heater is installed with
DIP switch 4 in the calibration (ON) position (see Figure
32).
To calibrate the heater:
1. Plug the power cord into a 120Vac/60Hz outlet.
2. Press the ON/OFF Button to turn on the heater and
initiate the Calibration Procedure. This is an automatic
process that will last approximately six minutes.
The display will show 120°F during the calibration
procedure.
3. Once the unit has ignited turn open a nearby hot water
faucet.
Important: To avoid a possible “end of call-for-heat” (and
consequent interruption of the Calibration Procedure), a
continuous water draw from the heater is recommended
during the calibration.
4. Do not interrupt this procedure once it has started.
After a successful calibration the heater will go into
standby mode and the display will show 105°F (factory
default). During the calibration if the “call-for-heat” ends,
the calibration was not completed and the E36 error
message will be shown on the display. If this occurs,
unplug the power cord and repeat steps 1 and 2.
DIP Switch 4
in normal mode
(“OFF”).
DIP Switch 4
in calibration mode
(“ON”).
FIGURE 32
The E36 “calibration error” occurs in the following
situations:
• Calibration switch (DIP switch 4) is in the calibrate (ON)
position and an “end call-for-heat” occurs before the
Calibration Procedure is finished.
• Calibration switch (DIP switch 4) is in the calibrate (ON)
position there is no “call-for-heat” within 6 minutes of
turning on the power.
• Calibration switch (DIP switch 4) is in the calibrate (ON)
position and the unit is calibrated but the DIP switch is
not set to the normal (OFF) within 6 minutes after the
Calibration Procedure is finished.
• Calibration switch (DIP switch 4) is in the normal (OFF)
position and the unit is not calibrated and 1 minute (or
more) passes after turning on the power.
If an E36 error message is displayed:
1. Unplug the power cord from 120Vac/60Hz outlet.
2. Open front door of the heater and remove the service
cap of the heat engine.
3. Check that (or set) DIP switch 4 is in the calibrate
(ON) position.
4. Generate a 5 minute (minimum) water draw from the
heater.
5. Repeat the calibration procedure.
NOTE: If changes are made to the vent system or the
heater is re-located, the Calibration Procedure must be
repeated.
33
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
DISPLAY PANEL
TEMPERATURE
STANDBY LED
UNITS-OF-MEASURE
(GREEN)
STANDBY-ON/OFF
BUTTON
MODE BUTTON
MODE LEDs (3)
NUMERIC
DISPLAY
BURNER IN
OPERATION
UP (HOTTER)
BUTTON
KEY LOCK
FAULT INDICATOR
DOWN (COLDER)
BUTTON
FIGURE 33
Changing the Standby Status
Operating Modes
When the Standby Button is pressed, the Status changes
Operating modes are:
to normal operation and all the LEDs on the display will
Boost (for peak demand), Energy Saver and Vacation.
light up for a period of 1 second to verify operation. The
Three LEDs are used to indicate the Operating Mode.
button can toggle the status between Normal operation
Vacation Mode:
Yellow LED
and Standby.
Energy Saver Mode: Green LED
Boost Mode:
Orange LED
Key Lock
The Operating Modes have the following characteristics:
NOTE: This is a tamper resistant feature.
The Key Lock is considered “On” or “Off”:
Vacation mode:
• Key Lock is turned “On” after one minute without a key
• Fixed temperature setting of 90°F (32°C)
press by the user.
• Key Lock can then be turned “Off” for one minute
Energy Saver mode:
by simultaneously pressing the “Up” Button and the
• Temperature range from 100°F to 135°F (38°C to 57°C)
“Down” Button for three seconds.
in increments of 1°F or 1°C
When the keys are locked, the Temperature Set-point
Boost mode:
cannot be increased and the Operating Mode cannot be
• Temperature ranges from 140°F to 158°F (60°C to
changed. The set-point may be decreased while the keys
70°C) in increments of 1°F or 1°C
are locked.
The On/Off Button is not affected by the Key Lock feature.
All other buttons are “locked” when the Key Lock is
“On”.
The “Key Lock” icon will be displayed if the water heater
is either in the lock or unlock condition. The Icon is
composed of 3 components, the base, a locked and an
unlocked arc.
34
Switching between operating modes is done by pressing
the “Mode” Button when the Key Lock is “Off”. When
a mode is active, the corresponding LED is turned on.
Pressing the “Mode” button will cycle between the three
possible modes of operation.
Numeric Display
Numeric information such as temperature set-point,
maintenance codes and error codes are displayed using
a large yellow LED display.
Up and Down Buttons
Two buttons (with “Up” and “Down” arrows) are used
for adjusting the data on the display. Other secondary
functions such as turning the Key Lock “Off”, are described
in other sections.
Temperature Set-point change
Two buttons (with “Up” and “Down” arrows) are used to
adjust the desired temperature set-point.
When the Temperature Set-point is displayed and the
Key Lock Is “Off”, pressing the Up Button will increase
the set-point and pressing the Down button will decrease
the set-point.
NOTE: The Temperature Set-point cannot be adjusted
beyond the limits of the current Mode selected.
Burner in Operation
When the burners are in operation and flame is detected
by the flame sensor, the flame symbol is illuminated.
Switching Between Units of Measure
Switching between temperature units of measure (°F/°C).
Two yellow LEDs will be used to light up the current unit
mode, °F or °C. To switch units of measure, simultaneously
press the “Mode” button and the “Up” button.
Fault Indication
A red fault LED (lighting a large red exclamation point)
should be present on the display panel.
Diagnostic mode
By simultaneously pressing the “Mode” and “down arrow”
buttons for 3 seconds the unit will allow access to the
diagnostic mode.
35
Thermistors
RED
Tank Thermistor
Outlet
Inlet
BLACK
YELLOW
RED
RED
BROWN
BROWN
10
5
BLUE
1
Boost
Economy
Mode
J9
Thermistors
J8
Water Valve
Water Flow
BLACK
BLACK
RS 485
6
Normal
On/Off
3
5
9
4
2
8
3
4
7
1
6
1
Flame
1
2
UIM
J10
1
4
1
4
UIM
3
6
3
2
5
2
!
6
5
Lockout
Up
Down
Farenheit
Celsius
GREY
GREY
SW1
Setting
(Micro Controller)
MCU
HTS
2
1
High Temp SW
J11
GREY
2
GREY
Water Flow Sensor
YELLOW
1st
GREY
2nd
Prop
2
5
8
Gas Valves
1
4
7
3
6
9
Gas Valves / ECO
J12
ECO
ORANGE
1
M
Pump
Pump
J13
2
J15
1
2
3
4
XFMR Pr
J16
Blower
1
2
3
(Transformer)
4
BROWN
Fuse
3
2
Power 120Vac
J7
XFMR Sec
J4
J3
F1
1
6
5
4
3
2
1
2
1
Thermal Fuse
Thermal Fuse
Power Transformer
WHITE
BLACK
GREEN
WHITE
GREEN
BLACK
BLACK
BLACK
BROWN
BROWN
BLUE
BLUE
RED
RED
This appliance must be electrically grounded in
accordance with local codes or, in the absence of
local codes, with the National Code ANSI/NFPA
No 70 (current edition) and/or the CSA C22.1
electrical Code (current edition).
Obey local codes and electric utility requirements
when you install or service the water heater.
Igniter
Auxiliary Out/Igniter
J2
3
YELLOW
Blower
2
1
CAUTION: LABEL ALL WIRES PRIOR TO
DISCONNECTION WHEN SERVICING
CONTROLS. WIRING ERRORS CAN
CAUSE IMPROPER AND DANGEROUS
OPERATION. VERIFY PROPER OPERATION
AFTER SERVICING.
Main
BLACK
J5
J6
Programing
BLUE
1
BLUE
J1
BROWN
Flame
BLACK
M
WHITE
YELLOW
BLUE
BLACK
WHITE
RED
BROWN
WHITE
RED
Flame Sense Rod
BLUE
BLUE
BLUE
BLUE
FIGURE 34
GREEN
ORANGE
BLUE
YELLOW
BLACK
BLACK
36
YELLOW
Water Valve
120 Vac
WIRING DIAGRAM
LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE LIGHTING
FLAMMABLE
BEFORE LIGHTING: ENTIRE SYSTEM MUST BE FILLED WITH WATER AND AIR PURGED FROM ALL LINES
A. This appliance does not have a pilot. It is equipped with
an ignition device which automatically lights the burner.
Do NOT try to light the burner by hand.
B. BEFORE OPERATING smell all around the appliance
area for gas. Be sure to smell next to the floor because
some gas is heavier than air and will settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electric switch; do not use any phone
in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor's
phone. Follow the gas supplier's instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire
department.
C. Do not use this appliance if any part has been under
water. Immediately contact a qualified installer or
service agency to replace a flooded water heater. Do
not attempt to repair the unit! It must be replaced!
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
1.
STOP! Read the safety information above on
this label.
6. If the green light above the stand-by button is flashing,
press the stand-by button. If the green light is turned off
then the water heater will automatically light the burners.
2. Ensure tank is filled with water and the gas line is
7.
Set
the display to the desired setting. CAUTION: Hotter
connected.
water increases the risk of scald injury. Consult the
3. This appliance is equipped with a device which
instruction manual before changing temperature.
automatically lights the burner. DO NOT TRY TO LIGHT
8.
If
the appliance will not operate, follow the instructions
THE BURNER BY HAND.
“TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE” and call your
4. Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any gas. If you smell
technician or gas supplier.
gas, STOP!
Follow “B” in the safety
information
above on this label. If you don’t
Hotter water increases the
smell gas:
risk of scald injury. Consult the instruction
5. Turn on all electrical power to the appliance.
manual before changing temperature.
DANGER:
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1. Press the ON/OFF button to set the heater in standby
mode (display OFF and power LED ON).
2. Unplug the heater from 120Vac/60Hz outlet if service is to
be performed..
37
TEMPERATURE REGULATION
FIGURE 35
It is recommended that lower water temperatures be used
to avoid the risk of scalding. It is further recommended,
in all cases, that the water temperatures be set for the
lowest temperature which satisfies your hot water needs.
This will also provide the most energy efficient operation
of the water heater.
THIS WATER HEATER IS EQUIPPED WITH AN
ADJUSTABLE THERMOSTAT TO CONTROL WATER
TEMPERATURE. HOT WATER TEMPERATURES
REQUIRED FOR AUTOMATIC DISHWASHER AND
LAUNDRY USE CAN CAUSE SCALD BURNS RESULTING
IN SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY AND/OR DEATH.
THE TEMPERATURE AT WHICH INJURY OCCURS
VARIES WITH THE PERSON’S AGE AND THE TIME
OF THE EXPOSURE. THE SLOWER RESPONSE
TIME OF CHILDREN, AGED OR DISABLED PERSONS
INCREASES THE HAZARDS TO THEM. NEVER ALLOW
SMALL CHILDREN TO USE A HOT WATER TAP, OR
TO DRAW THEIR OWN BATH WATER. NEVER LEAVE
A CHILD OR DISABLED PERSON UNATTENDED IN A
BATHTUB OR SHOWER.
THE WATER HEATER SHOULD BE LOCATED IN AN
AREA WHERE THE GENERAL PUBLIC DOES NOT
HAVE ACCESS TO SET TEMPERATURES.
SETTING THE WATER HEATER TEMPERATURE
AT 120°F (49°C) WILL REDUCE THE RISK OF
SCALDS. Some states require settings at specific lower
temperatures.
The water temperature is controlled using the Temperature
Control on the Display at the front of the unit (see Figure
3). This control utilizes a temperature probe to determine
the tank temperature. The primary temperature probe is
located at the bottom of the tank.
HOT WATER CAN SCALD: Water heaters are intended to
produce hot water. Water heated to a temperature which
will satisfy space heating, clothes washing, dish washing,
and other sanitizing needs can scald and permanently
injure you upon contact. Some people are more likely to
be permanently injured by hot water than others. These
include the elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/
mentally handicapped. If anyone using hot water from this
heater fits into one of these groups or if there is a local code
or state law requiring a certain temperature water at the
hot water tap, then you must take special precautions. In
addition to using the lowest possible temperature setting
that satisfies your hot water needs, a means such as a
mixing valve, should be used at the hot water taps used
by these people or at the water heater. Mixing valves are
available at plumbing supply or hardware stores (see
Figure 3). Follow manufacturer’s instructions for installation
of the valves. Before changing the factory setting on the
thermostat, read the “Temperature Regulation” section in
this manual.
Never allow small children to use a hot water tap, or to draw
their own bath water. Never leave a child or handicapped
person unattended in a bathtub or shower.
The water heater should be located in an area where
the general public does not have access. If a suitable
area is not available, a cover should be installed over the
thermostat to prevent tampering. The water temperature
setting was factory set at the lowest temperature;
38
The temperature may be adjusted from 90°F (32°C) to
158°F (70°C). The thermostat was adjusted to 105°F
(40°C) before the heater was shipped from the factory. It
is recommended that lower water temperature be used
to avoid the risk of scalding. It is further recommended, in
all cases, that the water temperature be set for the lowest
temperature which satisfies your hot water needs. This
will also provide the most energy efficient operation of the
water heater and minimize scale formation.
Valves for reducing the point-of-use temperature by mixing
cold and hot water are available (see Figure 3). Also
available are inexpensive devices that attach to faucets to
limit hot water temperatures. Contact a licensed plumber
or the local plumbing authority.
The table below shows the approximate time-to-burn
relationship for normal adult skin. Short repeated heating
cycles caused by small hot water uses can cause
temperatures at the point of use to exceed the thermostat
setting by up to 20°F (11°C). If you experience this type of
use, you should consider using lower temperature settings
to reduce scald hazards.
Water
Temperature
Time for 1st
Degree Burn
(Less Severe
Burns)
Time for
Permanent Burns
2nd & 3rd Degree
(Most Severe
Burns)
110°F (44°C)
(normal shower
temp.)
116°F (47°C)
(pain threshold)
116°F (47°C)
35 minutes
45 minutes
122°F (50°C)
1 minute
5 minutes
131°F (55°C)
5 seconds
25 seconds
140°F (60°C)
2 seconds
5 seconds
149°F (65°C)
1 second
2 seconds
154°F (68°C)
instantaneous
1 second
Three LED’s are used to indicate the Operating Mode
Selection
Vacation Mode:
Yellow LED
Energy Saver Mode: Green LED
Boost Mode:
Orange LED
The Operating Modes have the following characteristics:
Vacation mode:
• Fixed temperature setting of 90°F (32°C)
(U.S. Government Memorandum, C.P.S.C., Peter L.
Armstrong, Sept. 15,1978)
TABLE 2
Setting Desired Temperatures
1. Set the key lock to the “Off” position
2. Select the desired mode button (vacation, energy saver
or boost)
3. Using the arrow buttons select the desired
temperature
Key Lock
NOTE: This is a tamper resistant feature.
The Key Lock is considered “On” or “Off”:
• Key Lock is turned “On” one minute after the unit has
been plugged in.
• Key Lock can then be turned “Off” for one minute
by simultaneously pressing the “Up” Button and the
“Down” Button for three seconds.
When the keys are locked, the Temperature Set-point
cannot be increased or decreased, and the Operating
Mode cannot be changed.
The On/Off Button is not affected by the Key Lock feature.
All other buttons are “locked” when the Key Lock is
“On”.
A lock or unlock LED icon will display the condition. The
Icon will be composed of 3 components, the base, a locked
and an unlocked arc.
Operating Mode Selection
Operation modes are: Boost (peak demand), Energy Saver
and Vacation.
Initial conditions after starting-up the control is determined
by evaluation of the stored set-point.
Vacation Mode is selected if the Temperature Set-point
value is less than 100°F (38°C). Boost Mode is selected if
the Temperature Set-point value is greater than or equal to
140°F (60°C). Energy Saver Mode is selected for all other
Temperature set-point values.
Energy Saver mode:
• Temperature range from 100°F to 135°F (38°C to 57°C)
in increments of 1°F or 1°C
Boost mode:
• Temperature range from 140°F to 158°F (60°C to 70°C)
in increments of 1°F or 1°C
Switching between operation modes is done by pressing
the “Mode” Button when the Key Lock is “Off”. When
a mode is active, the corresponding LED is turned on.
Pressing the “Mode” button will cycle between the three
possible modes of operation.
Each time the “Mode” Button is changed by the user,
the controller display is to respond with the following
actions:
1. The Temperature Set-point changes to the lowest
temperature for the respective mode (e.g. 100°F (38°C)
for “Energy Saver” and 140°F (60°C) for “Boost” mode)
and is communicated to the master device.
2. The LED corresponding to the new mode is turned
on.
UNIQUE HYBRID FEATURES
Temperature Measurement
Temperature Probes
The water heater has support for three independent
temperature probes:
1. Water Inlet Temperature Probe
The water inlet temperature probe contains a
thermistor and measures the temperature of the
water entering the heat engine enclosure.
2. Water Outlet Temperature Probe
The water outlet temperature probe contains a
thermistor and measures the temperature of the
water leaving the heat engine enclosure. This supply
of (hot) water is delivered to the top of the storage
tank in close proximity to the outlet fitting.
3. Tank Temperature Probe
The tank probe contains a thermistor and measures
the temperature of the water in the storage tank at
a specific location between the top and the bottom
of the tank.
39
Water Circulation Pump
A circulation pump is integrated into the heat engine for
the Hybrid application. The pump serves to push water
through the heat engine at a rate that supports optimum
recovery time and maximum heat output.
The control provides 120Vac, 60Hz line power to the pump
to enable operation.
The power for the main gas valve is to be routed through
the High Temperature Switch causing the main gas valve
to be de-energized immediately when the switch opens.
The status of the High Temperature Switch should be
continually monitored by the controller. If an open is
detected, the control should declare a fault and respond
according to the fault. The fault is a continuous lockout.
Water Flow Measurement
1. Water Flow Sensor
The Water Flow Sensor uses a sensor for the
detection of the water flow. When water flows, the
sensor rotates and a transistor is switched on and
off, producing a pulsing signal with a frequency
related to flow rate.
2. Water Flow Detection
Flow detection is an on/off indication of whether
there is sufficient flow through the heat exchanger
for normal heating.
3.
If the water is less than 0.58 gal/min (2.2 l/min) the
unit stops and will start again when the flow is above
0.72 gal/min (2.7 l/min).
Energy Cut Out (ECO) Switch
The heat exchanger of the heat engine is equipped with a
surface-mounted bimetallic switch which opens when the
water temperature exceeds the safe operating temperature
for the water heater.
• Opening Temperature is 185°F +/-9°F (85°C +/-5°C)
• Closing Temperature is 149°F +/-6°F (65°C +/-3°C)
Water Flow Restriction Valve
A motorized valve is placed in series with the circulation
pump and the heat exchanger of the heat engine. This
valve serves to limit the amount of flow through the heat
engine such that a variable rate of flow can be achieved
from the fixed-speed pump.
Gas Delivery Safety String
The release of gas into the combustion chamber is of
critical importance to the safe operation of the heater.
The control is a combination of hardware and software
that measure and ensure the gas is released only when
appropriate for combustion. The term “safety string” applies
to those devices or components that directly control the
power applied to the gas valves as well as the gas valves
themselves. The components are:
• main gas valve solenoid,
• stage 1 and 2 gas valve solenoids,
• exhaust vent High Temperature Switch,
• energy cut out (ECO) Switch.
High Temperature Switch
The water heater is designed for plastic vent piping typically
used in high efficiency appliances. To ensure the water
heater will not release exhaust gasses at temperatures that
would cause the vent piping to melt, a bimetallic switch is
mounted on the assembly. The switch used is a normallyclosed switch which will open when the temperature
reaches the maximum design temperature for the venting
used. This switch should reset to the closed position when
the vent pipe temperature cools sufficiently.
• Opening Temperature is approximately 165°F (74°C)
+/- 5°F (2.8°C).
• Closing Temperature is approximately 135°F (57°C)
+/- 5°F (2.8°C).
40
The power from the main gas valve is to be routed
through the ECO Switch causing the main gas valve to be
immediately de-energized when the switch opens.
The status of the ECO Switch should be continually
monitored by the controller. If an open switch is detected,
the control should declare a fault and respond according
to the fault. This will be a continuous lockout.
Blocked (Exhaust Gas) Outlet Detection
If the exhaust air passage is obstructed, the control is to
enter a fault state and initiate a controlled shut down. This
is an overall safety feature of the control system.
Igniter
The control has an integrated direct spark ignition, which
can turn on, by means of a relay. This feature is integrated
onto the controller board.
By default, the control will allow for three ignition tries. If
ignition cannot be achieved, the control will end ignition
attempts, prevent any more heating cycles and display the
E28 error message (soft lockout) to the user.
Flame Sensor
An active flame is sensed through a flame sensor located
in the burner assembly in the region of the burners flame.
The flame sense input will be monitored by the control and
respond to the presence of the flame.
Combustion Chamber Temperature Protection
(High-Limit Fuse)
If the temperature increases over 287.6°F (142°C) the
High-Limit Fuse will melt. This action disconnects the
power supply controller. The High-Limit Fuse must be
replaced.
Line Voltage Monitor
The control monitors the line voltage provided to
the system. If the line voltage is too low, the system
components may not operate properly. For diagnostic
purposes, the display panel should indicate that the cause
was power-related.
• If line power is below 102Vac, the water heater will enter
the fault state and initiate a controlled shut-down. The
fault will automatically clear if the voltage is restored
to 102Vac or above.
• If line power is above 132Vac, the water heater will enter
the fault state and initiate a controlled shut-down. The
fault will automatically clear if the voltage is restored
to 132Vac or below.
TEMPERATURE REGULATION
Temperature regulation is the process by which the
controller determines when the water heater is to heat
water as well as when to stop the heating process. This
section defines how the water heater is to regulate the
temperature.
Temperature Units of Measure
The water heater control will display the temperatures in
either °C or °F (as per selected unit of measure). The main
temperature unit is °C and all the calculations, within the
control system, are done using temperature values in °C.
The display has the capability to perform a conversion from
°C to °F. The resulting temperatures in °F will be rounded
off to the nearest degree.
Temperature Set-point
The adjustable temperature set-point is used to determine
the desired outlet temperature of the water heater.
The water outlet of the heat engine feeds the outlet of the
storage tank although some mixing does occur with the
water at the top of the storage tank. For this reason, the
temperature of water delivered is considered equivalent
to the heat engine output temperature.
This value is to be set within the acceptable range of 90°F
(32°C) and 158°F (70°C) when selecting the operating
modes.
As a safety measure, the control is to ensure that the setpoint cannot be adjusted outside of this range.
If the water flow is turned off and then is turned on, the
controller remembers and automatically resets to the last
temperature.
If a power outage occurs or the unit is energized/deenergized by the STANDBY symbol for re-booting, the
controller resets to the last temperature setting.
After clearing a continuous lockout error code the unit
will always go back to the factory default temp setting
and mode.
Storage Tank Call For Heat
The storage tank call for heat is generated when the tank
thermistor temperature drops below the storage tank setpoint minus the fixed storage tank differential.
At the end of a call for heat the tank thermistor’s
temperature is equal to or greater than the storage tank
set-point.
Temperature Control Modes
The temperature control functions can operate under
one of the pre-defined user-selected control modes. The
temperature control mode serves to limit the range of the
(heat engine) temperature set-point and the storage tank
differential.
Please reference the Operating Mode Selection for details
of how the set-point and differentials are adjusted for
the different modes. In brief, three modes are provided:
Vacation Mode, Energy Saver Mode, and Boost Mode.
The temperature control mode will be maintained after a
power loss. Upon restoring power, the temperature setpoint is set to the last temperature.
The default setting is 105°F (41°C) in the Energy Saver
Mode.
Outlet Temperature Limit Control
Your water heater is designed to provide a constant outlet
water temperature. The water heater takes into account
dynamic conditions of the heat engine such as the inlet
water temperature, flow rate, gas flow adjustment, etc and
establishes the optimum performance.
The control will end the call for heat if the outlet thermistor
temperature exceeds the set-point by a fixed amount.
The call for heat may be restored if the outlet thermistor
temperature drops below the set-point by 5.4°F (3°C) or
more.
Inlet Temperature Limit Control
To add protection to the system, an over-temperature
comparison is made on the inlet water temperature.
The water heater will end the call for heat if the inlet
thermistor temperature is above the set-point.
The call for heat may be restored if the inlet thermistor
temperature drops below the set-point.
Storage Tank Set-point
The control is required to maintain a storage tank set-point
differential temperature.
41
CONSTANT OUTPUT TEMPERATURE CONTROL
While the temperature regulation in the previous section
describes the features of temperature monitoring and
regulation, your water heater goes beyond the on/off
control implied there and implements a gas, air and water
flow modulation scheme to provide a constant water
delivery temperature from the heat engine for the duration
of the call for heat.
Heat Needed during Normal Operation
The amount of heat needed is based on the amount
of water flowing through the heater and the amount of
temperature rise that needs to be generated to meet your
demands. The system will calculate the amount of heat
needed.
The temperature regulation will prevent the inlet
temperature from reaching the temperature set-point.
Detection of Failure to Maintain Desired Constant
Temperature
This check can be used to detect a failure of the stage
2 gas valve. In this case, an insufficient amount of heat
would be applied. This check can also serve to diagnose
failures or mis-wiring of the water flow restriction valve. If
the valve fails to restrict the flow of water, the system may
not be able to sufficiently heat the water passing through
the heat engine.
A failure to maintain the desired constant temperature is
determined by the outlet water temperature remaining 15
degrees lower than the set-point for one minute while the
flame is established. If this condition is detected while in
the heating state for normal modes, an Alert message is
provided to the display panel.
OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS
Smelly Water
In each water heater there is installed at least one anode
rod (see parts section) for corrosion protection of the tank.
Certain water conditions will cause a reaction between this
rod and the water. The most common complaint associated
with the anode rod is one of a “rotten egg smell” in the hot
water. The smell is a result of four factors which must all
be present for the odor to develop:
a. A concentration of sulfate in the supply water.
b. Little or no dissolved oxygen in the water.
c. A sulfate reducing bacteria which has accumulated
within the water heater (this harmless bacteria is
nontoxic to humans).
d. An excess of active hydrogen in the tank. This is caused
by the corrosion protective action of the anode.
Smelly water may be eliminated or reduced in some water
heater models by replacing the anode(s) with one of less
active material, and then chlorinating the water heater
tank and all water lines. Contact Sears Service for further
information concerning an Anode Replacement Kit and
this chlorination treatment.
If the smelly water persists after the anode replacement
and chlorination treatment, we can only suggest that
chlorination or aeration of the water supply be considered
to eliminate the water problem.
Do not remove the anode leaving the tank unprotected.
By doing so, all warranty on the water heater tank is
voided.
“Air” In Hot Water Faucets
START UP CONDITIONS
Smoke/Odor
It is not uncommon to experience a small amount of
smoke and odor during the initial start-up. This is due to
burning off of oil from metal parts, and will disappear in
a short while.
Strange Sounds
Possible noises due to expansion and contraction of some
metal parts during periods of heat-up and cool-down do not
necessarily represent harmful or dangerous conditions.
Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the
burner area during heating and cooling periods and should
be considered normal. See “CONDENSATE” section.
42
HYDROGEN GAS: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a
hot water system that has not been used for a long period
of time (generally two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is
extremely flammable and explosive. To prevent the
possibility of injury under these conditions, we recommend
the hot water faucet, located farthest away, be opened for
several minutes before any electrical appliances which
are connected to the hot water system are used (such as
a dishwasher or washing machine). If hydrogen gas is
present, there will probably be an unusual sound similar
to air escaping through the pipe as the hot water faucet is
opened. There must be no smoking or open flame near
the faucet at the time it is open.
MAINTENANCE
HOUSEKEEPING
Vacuum around base of water heater for dust, dirt, and
lint on a regular basis.
VENTING SYSTEM INSPECTION
At least once a year a visual inspection should be made
of the venting system. You should look for:
1. Obstructions which could cause improper venting.
The combustion and ventilation air flow must not be
obstructed.
2. Damage or deterioration which could cause improper
venting or leakage of combustion products.
Be sure the vent piping is properly connected to prevent
escape of dangerous flue gasses which could cause
deadly asphyxiation.
Obstructions and deteriorated vent systems may present
serious health risk or asphyxiation.
Chemical vapor corrosion of the flue and vent system
may occur if air for combustion contains certain chemical
vapors. Spray can propellants, cleaning solvents,
refrigerator and air conditioner refrigerants, swimming pool
chemicals, calcium and sodium chloride, waxes, bleach
and process chemicals are typical compounds which are
potentially corrosive.
If after inspection of the vent system you found sooting or
deterioration, something is wrong. Call the local gas utility
to correct the problem and clean or replace the flue and
venting before resuming operation of the water heater.
FLOOD DAMAGE
Flood damage to a water heater may not be readily visible
or immediately detectable. However, over a period of time
a flooded water heater will create dangerous conditions
which can cause DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY INJURY,
OR PROPERTY DAMAGE. Contact a qualified installer or
service agency to replace a flooded water heater. Do not
attempt to repair the unit! It must be replaced!
INSTALLED IN SUITABLE AREA: To insure sufficient
ventilation and combustion air supply, proper clearances
from the water heater must be maintained. See “Facts to
Consider About Location” section. Combustible materials
such as clothing, cleaning materials, or flammable liquids,
etc. must not be placed against or adjacent to the water
heater which can cause a fire.
ANODE ROD INSPECTION
Each water heater contains at least one anode rod, which
will slowly deplete (due to electrolysis) prolonging the life
of the water heater by protecting the glass-lined tank from
corrosion. Adverse water quality, hotter water temperatures,
high hot water usage, hydronic heating devices, and water
softening methods can increase the rate of anode rod
depletion. Once the anode rod is depleted, the tank will
start to corrode, eventually developing a leak. Certain
water conditions will cause a reaction between the anode
rod and the water. The most common complaint associated
with the anode rod is a “rotten egg smell” produced from
the presence of hydrogen sulfide gas dissolved in the
water.
Important: Do not remove this rod permanently as it will
void any warranties. A special anode rod (Kit # 9006291005)
may be available if water odor or discoloration occurs (see
“Replacement Parts”).
43
NOTE: The water supply system may require special
filtration equipment from a water conditioning company to
successfully eliminate all water odor problems. The anode
rod should be inspected after 3 years of use and annually
thereafter until the condition of the anode rod dictates its
replacement.
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
OPERATION
NOTE: Artificially softened water requires the anode rod
to be inspected annually.
The following are typical (but not all) signs of a depleted
anode rod:
• The majority of the rods diameter is less than 3/8”.
• Significant sections of the support wire (approx. 1/3 or
more of the anode rod’s length) are visible.
If the anode rod show signs of either or both it should be
replaced.
NOTE: Whether re-installing or replacing the anode rod,
check for any leaks and immediately correct if found.
1. Disconnect the electrical power to the water heater.
2. Close the shutoff valve on the cold-water line.
3. Follow the instructions in the “Draining The Tank”
section in the Operating Manual to drain approximately
5 gallons (20 litres) of water from the tank.
4. Close the drain valve.
5. Disconnect the hot-water piping from the Hot Water
Outlet Nipple/Anode.
6. Remove the Hot Water Outlet Nipple/Anode.
ANODE ROD REPLACEMENT
Anode Rod Depletion
• If it is nessesary to replace the
anode rod, refer to the detailed
instructions that are supplied with
the replacement anode.
• See the “Parts Reference
Illustration” for anode rod
location.
Else:
Exposed
Support
Wire
Pitted
Anode
Rod
Exposed
Support Wire
FIGURE 36
44
• Re-install the Hot Water Outlet
Nipple/Anode.
• Reconnect the hot-water piping
to the Hot Water Outlet Nipple/
Anode.
• Open the shutoff valve on the
cold-water line.
• Fill the tank following the
instructions in the “Filling The
Water Heater”.
• Check for leaks and repair as
required.
• Reconnect the electrical power
to the water heater.
• Restart the water heater following
the “Lighting Instructions”.
FIGURE 37
The temperature-pressure relief valve lever must be
operated at least once a year to ensure that the water
ways are clear. When checking the temperature-pressure
relief valve operation, make sure that:
1. No one is in front of or around the outlet of the
temperature-pressure relief valve discharge line.
2. The water discharge will not cause any property
damage, as the water may be extremely hot.
3. A discharge line is connected to this valve, directing
the flow of hot water from the valve to a proper
placement for disposal.
If water does not flow freely when the lever is in the open
position, replacement of the valve is required. Turn off the
cold water inlet heater and call a qualified service man.
If after manually operating the valve (see Figure 37), it
fails to completely reset and continues to release water,
immediately close the cold water inlet to the water
heater, follow the draining instructions, and replace the
temperature-pressure relief valve with a new one.
If the temperature-pressure relief valve on the appliance
weeps or discharges periodically, this may be due to
thermal expansion. You may have a check valve installed in
the water line or a water meter with a check valve. Consult
your local water supplier or a qualified service agency for
further information. Do not plug the temperature-pressure
relief valve.
MOTORS
Motors are permanently lubricated and do not need
periodic lubrication. Keep fan and motor free of dust and
dirt by cleaning annually.
SNOW ACCUMULATION
Keep the area around flue terminal free of snow and ice.
The appliance will not function properly if the intake air
or exhaust is impeded (blocked or partially blocked) by
obstructions.
CLEANING THE INLET WATER FILTER
The water inlet filter must be cleaned on a regular basis.
The frequency of this cleaning is dependent on the quality
of your local water supply. You will need to prepare a pan
or shallow basin to collect some of the draining water. The
water inlet filter is located inside the door on the left-hand
side of the heat engine. To clean the inlet filter:
Access To
Door Pins
Door
Lock
Heat
Engine
Cabinet
Water
Inlet Filter
Water Inlet
Fitting
Shut-off
Valve
FIGURE 39
Install the filter:
• Install the clean filter.
• Open the shut-off valve on the water inlet fitting and
remove the rubber gloves.
• Remove and empty the basin.
• Open the shutoff valve on the cold-water line.
• Close and lock the door.
• Reconnect the electrical power to the water heater.
• Restart the water heater following the “Lighting
Instructions”.
FIGURE 38
Remove the filter:
• Disconnect the electrical power to the water heater.
• Close the shutoff valve on the cold-water line.
• Unlock the door by rotating the side lock counterclockwise with a wide, slot screwdriver.
• Pop the top and bottom door pins by pushing the pins
out, using a small screwdriver. Open the door.
• Open a nearby hot water faucet for 30 to 60 seconds
to depressurize the water tank.
• Put on a pair of rubber gloves and close the shut-off
valve on the water inlet fitting.
• Position the basin to catch any water that could
drain.
• Unscrew the filter and clean by rinsing it under a faucet
and scrubbing with a brush if required.
CLEANING THE HEAT ENGINE
It is imperative that the control compartment burner and
circulating air passageways of the appliance is kept
clean.
• Turn off and disconnect the electrical power. Allow to
cool.
• Remove and clean the water inlet filter. See “Cleaning
The Inlet Water Filter” section.
• Remove the front panel.
• Use a low air pressure to remove dust from the main
burner, heat exchanger, and blower. Do not use a wet
cloth or spray cleaners on the burners.
NOTE: Do not use volatile substances such as benzene
and thinners. They may ignite or fade the paint.
FLUSHING THE HEAT EXCHANGER (LIME BUILDUP)
The heat exchanger must be cleaned on a regular basis
to reduce lime build-up. The frequency of this cleaning
is dependent on the quality of your local water supply.
Failure to flush the appliance will cause damage to the
heat exchanger. Damage caused by lime build-up is not
covered by the unit’s warranty.
• Disconnect electrical power to the water heater.
• Close the shutoff valves on both the hot water and cold
water lines.
• Drain the tank using the instructions in the “Draining
The Tank” section.
45
•
•
Disconnect the hoses joining the tank and the heat
engine (upper hose is water outlet and lower hose is
water inlet) at the heat engine fittings.
Connect a length of hose (not provided) to each of the
fittings. (Note: A GHT (garden hose thread) to 3/4” NPT
adaptor may be required.)
5 gallon pail of virgin,
food grade, white
vinegar (or virgin,
food grade,
citric acid).
Hot Water
Line
•
•
•
•
•
Remove the in-line filter at the cold water inlet and
clean out any residue. Assemble the filter back into the
unit.
Open the shutoff valves on both the hot water and cold
water lines.
Fill the tank with water.
Connect the electrical power to the water heater.
Restart water heater following lighting instructions.
DRAINING THE TANK
Heat
Engine
Cold Water
Line
FIGURE 40
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
46
Connect a pump to the hose running to the heat
engine water inlet (lower fitting). We recommend a
submersible utility pump for the circulating pump. (Note:
If a submersible pump is not used, connect a hose from
the circulating pump to the cleaning solution.)
Pour approximately 4 gallons (15 litres) of virgin, food
grade, white vinegar or citric acid into a 5 gallon or
greater pail.
Place the “intake” and “output” hoses into the pail of
cleaning solution. If a submersible utility pump is used,
place the pump into the pail of cleaning solution.
Plug in the circulating pump.
Connect the electrical power to the water heater and
run the heat engine.
Operate the heat engine to circulate the cleaning
solution through the system for at least 45 minutes.
(Note: Lower the temperature below 104°F (40°C) or to
vacation mode.) Warning: cleaning solution will become
hot very quickly.
Disconnect electrical power to the water heater.
Remove the pail of cleaning solution and replace it with
a pail of clean water.
Rinse the cleaning solution from the water heater as
follows:
Connect the electrical power to the water heater and
run the heat engine.
Allow the clean water to flow through the heat engine
for 5 minutes.
Disconnect electrical power to the water heater and
circulating pump.
Disconnect hoses from heat engine and circulating
pump, draining the cleaning solution into the pail.
Reconnect the original hoses to the heat engine.
The water heater should be drained if being shut down
during freezing temperatures. Also periodic draining and
cleaning of sediment from the tank may be necessary.
1. Set the power switch to the “OFF” position.
2. OPEN a nearby hot water faucet and let the water run
until it is no longer hot.
3. CLOSE the cold water inlet valve to the water
heater.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate to
an adequate drain.
5. OPEN the water heater drain valve to allow for tank
draining. NOTE: If the water heater is going to be
shut down and drained for an extended period,
the drain valve should be left open with hose
connected allowing water to terminate to an
adequate drain.
6. CLOSE the drain valve.
7. Follow instructions in the “Filling The Water Heater”
section.
8. Follow the lighting instructions on the label or see
“Lighting Instructions” in this manual to restart the
water heater.
FAULT INDICATION AND ERROR CODES
A red fault LED (lighting a large red exclamation point)
should be present on the display panel if a fault condition
exists.
A history of the last 9 error codes along with the current
error code is stored in memory and can be accessed via
the diagnostic mode. If the current error code is zero, “E00”
shall be displayed (see Table 3).
DIAGNOSTIC DISPLAY
By simultaneously pressing the “Mode” and “down arrow” buttons for 3 seconds the unit will allow access to the diagnostic
mode.
In diagnostic mode, using the up/down arrow allows for cycling between diagnostic codes. The numeric display will
show the diagnostic code for 1 second, followed by the actual measurement displayed for 3 seconds. For example, H01
- 105 represents the diagnostic code of “H01” and the value of “105” is the inlet water temperature measurement. The
display will continue to show the diagnostic code and the measurement value unless the up or down arrows are pressed
to switch to the next item (see Table 3). If no buttons are pressed for 30 seconds the unit will revert back to operation
mode where the set-point temperature is displayed.
Diagnostic
Code
Description
Code and
Measurement
Display
Format
Units
(Example of)
Displayed
characters
(Example of)
Meaning
Remarks
H01
Inlet Water
Temperature
H01 – xxx
ºC or ºF
041 or 105
41ºC or 105ºF
ºC LED or ºF
LED turned ON
H02
Heat engine outlet
water temperature
H02 – xxx
ºC or ºF
041 or 105
41ºC or 105ºF
ºC LED or ºF
LED turned ON
H03
Storage tank
temperature
H03 – xxx
ºC or ºF
041 or 105
41ºC or 105ºF
ºC LED or ºF
LED turned ON
H04
Heat engine water
flow rate
H04 – xxx
litres/minute
056
5.6 litres/minute
(1.48 Gallons/
minute)
1 litre =
0.264 Gallons
1 gallon =
3.78 litres
H05
Fan Speed
H05 - __x – xxx
rpm
006_511
6511 rpm
rpm=rotations
per minute
H06
Fan Current
H06 - __x – xxx
mA
001_456
1456 mA
(1.456A)
mA=milliampers
H07
Proportional Valve
Current
H07 – xxx
mA
178
178 mA
mA=milliampers
H08
Total Heating
Time
H08 – xxx – xxx
hours
001_234
1234 hours
(51.41 days)
H09
Total Cycles
H09 – xxx – xxx
heating cycles
000_459
459 heating
cycles
H10
Heat Engine
Rated Output
H10 – xxx
KBtu/hour
100
100 KBtu/hour
H11
Current Error
Code (See Fault
Code Table)
H11 – xxx
N/A
E00
Proper operation
- No error
H12 – H20
Error Code
History, From the
Most Recent to
the Least Recent
(See Fault Code
Table)
Hxx – xxx
N/A
E28
Ignition failure
The most
recent error
corresponds
to H12 and the
least recent to
H20
H21
Software
Release Number
(CWHCB)
H21 – xxx – xxx
N/A
002_025
Software release
number 2.25
For the main
controller board
H22
Software Release
Number (UIM)
H22 – xxx – xxx
N/A
002_009
Software release
number 2.09
For the display
board
H23
Configuration File
Number
H23 – xxx – xxx
N/A
000_006
Configuration file
number 6
TABLE 3
47
If an error code is displayed, or odd behavior of the unit occurs, the first corrective action should be to “Cycle the
Power”: Unplug the 120Vac power cord and after 5 seconds plug it in again. If this doesn’t clear the fault, proceed with
the “Remedy” in the following table (Table 4). The remedies for each fault code are put in logical order, so proceed one
by one, starting with #1.
If wire harness checking is required, examine the integrity of wires themselves, the connector housings, the integrity of
the terminals as well as condition of the crimps.
Fault
Code
Displayed
Description
Cause
E01, E02
Invalid Rated
KBtu/Model Type.
Control detects that the
configuration selected is not
defined or the configuration
has never been set.
E03, E04,
E05, E06
Control detects that a relay
Main Valve Relay used to enable the Main
Out Of Sequence. Valve has failed in either the
open or closed position.
E07
Flame Detected.
Lockout
type
Flame detected when no
flame was expected.
Continuous Change the Control Board.
Soft
Change the Control Board.
Soft
1. Check the Flame Sensor.
2. Check the flame wire harness.
3. Change the Control Board.
E08
ECO Switch is
open.
Control detects that the
ECO Switch is open,
preventing power to the
Main Valve.
1. Check inlet water filter.
2. Measure the water temperature.
ECO Switch open temperature
is 85±5ºC (185±14ºF) and close
Continuous
temperature is 65±5ºC (149±14ºF).
3. Check the ECO Switch.
4. Check the ECO wire harness.
5. Change the Control Board.
E09
High Temperature
Switch open.
Control detects that the High
Temperature Switch is open,
preventing power to the
Main Valve.
1. Measure the exhaust gas
temperature. High Temperature
Switch open temperature is
74±2.8ºC (165±5ºF) and close
Continuous
temperature is 57±2.8ºC (135±5ºF).
2. Check the switch.
3. Check the High Temperature Switch
wire harness.
4. Change the Control Board.
E10
120Vac too high.
120Vac > Overvoltage Limit.
E11
120Vac too low.
120Vac < Undervoltage
Limit.
Nominal voltage is 120Vac.
Overvoltage limit is 132Vac,
Undervoltage limit is 102Vac.
1. Check the power cord.
Auto Reset 2. Check the wall outlet.
3. Measure the voltage at the board
connector J7 between pin1 and pin
3. If the voltage is between limits,
change the Control Board.
TABLE 4
48
Remedy
Fault
Code
Displayed
Description
Lockout
type
Cause
E12
Blower Current meets
requirements for a
completely blocked flue.
E13
Blower Current meets
requirements for a partially
blocked flue.
Blower Current
abnormal.
E14
Blower Current meets
requirements for a nonheating blocked flue
evaluation.
E15
Blower speed is 200RPM
below the target speed for
20 seconds.
E16
Blower speed is 500RPM
above the target speed for 6
seconds.
E17
Blower speed
abnormal.
Machine starts or normal
combustion, but Blower
speed = 0 for 3 sec.
E18
Have Blower’s output signal
but the Blower speed = 0 for
400ms.
E19
Blower speed stuck > 3000
rpm
E20
E21
Proportional valve Current <
Proportional
Minimum.
valve (PV) current
Proportional valve Current >
unusual.
Maximum.
E22
Outlet
Temperature
Probe is Open
circuit.
Outlet Temperature
is < minimum defined
temperature.
E23
Outlet
Temperature
Probe is Short
circuit.
Outlet Temperature
is > maximum defined
temperature.
E24
Inlet Temperature
Probe is Open
circuit.
Inlet Temperature is
< minimum defined
temperature.
E25
Inlet Temperature
Probe is Short
circuit.
Inlet Temperature
is > maximum defined
temperature.
E26
Tank Temperature
Probe is Open
circuit.
Tank Temperature
is < minimum defined
temperature.
E27
Tank Temperature
Probe is Short
circuit.
Tank Temperature
is > maximum defined
temperature.
Soft
Soft
Remedy
1. Check the venting system. If the
venting system is clear, recalibrate
the unit.
2. Check the blower wire harness.
3. Change the blower.
4. Change the Control Board.
1. Check the blower wire harness.
2. Change the blower.
3. Change the Control Board.
Soft
Soft
1. Check the proportional gas valve
wire harness.
2. Change the Control Board.
3. Change the gas valve assembly.
Soft
1. Check temperature probes wire
harness.
2. Replace temperature probe.
3. Change the Control Board.
TABLE 4
49
Fault
Code
Displayed
E28
E30
E33
E34
E35
E36
Description
Ignition failure.
Blower Error.
Water Flow Valve
Closed.
Cause
After a failure to detect
the flame during ignition,
the control will retry the
specified number of times.
After the maximum failed
attempts, this fault is
declared.
Calibration error.
The water valve did not
open when attempting to
establish flow.
Soft
1. Check the igniter wire harness.
2. Check igniter 120Vac voltage
supply during the ignition time.
3. Check the ignition rod. If it looks
dirty clean it using isopropyl alcohol
and a clean cloth.
4. Check the high voltage wiring
connection between igniter and
igniter rod for proper contact.
Soft
1. Check the venting system.
2. Check the blower wire harness.
3. Change the blower.
4. Change the Control Board.
Soft
1. Check the water valve wire harness.
2. Change the Control Board.
3. Change the water valve.
Soft
Low Gas Inlet Pressure.
Low Water Flow Rate
Calibration sequence
incomplete because end
of “call-for-heat” during
the calibration time, or
calibration sequence not
initiated because of lack of
“call-for-heat”, or the unit
has been never calibrated
or Calibration is successful
but DIP switch 4 not set to
“normal”.
TABLE 4
50
Remedy
Locked Rotor.
Proportional Valve The closed loop control
(PV) Response
of the proportional valve
Too Slow.
is not functioning properly
(control error) or the valve
is responding slowly (valve
failure).
Repeated Flame
Loss Fault.
Lockout
type
Check the proportional gas valve wire
harness, change the Control Board,
change the gas valve assembly
Soft
1. Clean or change the water filter.
2. Check the Flame Sensor wire
harness.
3. Check line gas pressure. If it is above
5” WC check the Flame Sensor
and if it looks dirty, clean it up using
isopropyl alcohol and a clean cloth.
4. Change the Flame Sensor.
5. Change the Control Board.
Soft
1. Unplug the power cord, check the
DIP switch 4 position and put it in
ON position.
2. Increase the set point so that a
“call-for-heat” occurs.
3. Drain the tank in order to lower the
water temperature so that a “callfor-heat” is generated.
4. Set DIP switch 4 to OFF position.
5. Recalibrate the unit.
6. Change the Control Board.
Fault
Code
Displayed
E37
E99
Description
No Water Flow.
Board Failure.
Cause
The heater could not start
because the water flow was
not established. This can be
caused by an air bubble or a
blockage in the heat engine
water passage, a failed flow
sensor or a failed circulation
pump.
An internal diagnostic check
on the board has failed.
Lockout
type
Remedy
Soft
1. Check the water inlet on the heat
engine.
2. Make a water draw during first 60
seconds after putting the unit in ON
mode (to evacuate possible air from
the heat engine water passage).
3. Check wire harness for pump, water
valve and water flow sensor.
4. Check the pump 120Vac voltage
supply (the pump shall be energized
during the heating mode).
5. Clean or change the water filter.
6. Change Control Board.
7. Change pump.
8. Change water valve.
Soft
Change the Control Board.
TABLE 4
Lockout types:
Continuous. Needs “Cycle the Power” or service to restart.
Soft. Will try to automatically recover and restart after 20 minutes.
Auto Reset. Will automatically restart when voltage returns to acceptable parameters.
51
TROUBLESHOOTING
These guidelines should be utilized by a qualified service agent.
Problem
Possible Cause(s)
What to do
NOT ENOUGH HOT WATER
STANDBY button turned off.
Press switch to turn heater on.
No power at outlet.
Repair service to outlet.
Error Code being displayed
Refer to “FAULT INDICATION AND
ERROR CODES” section and Table
4 or call service agency or dealer.
Set point set too low.
Adjust Set point higher.
Heater undersized.
Reduce hot water use.
Low gas pressure
Contact dealer.
Incoming water is unusually cold.
Allow more time for heater to reheat.
Leaking hot water pipes of fixtures.
Have plumber check and repair
leaks.
CONDENSATION
Water on the floor under heater.
See CONDENSATE section.
WATER LEAKS
Improperly sealed, hot or cold supply
connections, relief valve, drain valve
or thermostat threads.
Check for leaks. See Figure 41.
Leakage from other appliances or
water lines.
Inspect other appliances near water
heater.
Condensation of flue products.
Refer to CONDENSATE section.
Thermal expansion in closed water
system.
Install thermal expansion tank (Do
not plug T&P valve).
Improperly sealed valve.
Check relief valve for proper
operation (Do not plug T&P valve).
HOT WATER ODORS (refer to
“Smelly Water” and “Anode Rod
Inspection” sections)
High sulfate or mineral content in
water supply.
Drain and flush heater thoroughly
then refill.
Bacteria in water supply.
Chlorinate water supply.
HOT WATER TOO HOT
Thermostat set too high.
Refer to TEMPERATURE
REGULATION section.
WATER HEATER SOUNDS
Condensation dripping on burner.
Refer to CONDENSATION above.
SOOTING
Improper combustion.
Refer to Air Requirements.
BURNER WILL NOT STAY LITGOES OUT AFTER 4-5 SECONDS
Low Water Flow Rate
Clean or change the water filter.
Damaged Flame Sensor
(Error code E35)
Replace Flame Sensor
Lack of air supply.
Shut off water heater immediately
and contact a qualified service
agency to determine cause.
LEAKING T&P
VENT GAS ODORS
Improperly installed vent piping.
Downdraft
Poor Combustion
WHEN THE TAP IS OPENED,
a. There is a problem with a singleTHERE IS NO HOT WATER OR THE
control faucet..
HOT WATER TURNS COLD AND
b. The unit display is an error code.
STAYS COLD.
c. Water heater disconnected from
electrical power.
a. Draw water from the “hot” faucet
for 1-2 minutes.
b. Refer to error code list.
c. Check electrical power
connections.
THE WATER IS NOT HOT
ENOUGH.
The temperature is set too low.
a. Check unit’s temperature setting.
b. Check for cross plumbing between
cold and hot water lines.
THE WATER IS TOO HOT.
The temperature set too high.
Check unit’s temperature setting.
TABLE 5
52
Problem
Possible Cause(s)
What to do
CANNOT OPEN DOOR.
Door pins locked in place.
a. Ensure the door lock is unlocked
b. Ensure the top and bottom door
pins are released by using a small
screwdriver to pry the pins in the
direction of the door opening.
TABLE 5
53
SERVICE
If a condition persists or you are uncertain about the
operation of the water heater, contact Sears Product Repair
Services at 1-800-4-MY-HOME (1-800-469-4663).
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS
Use this guide to check a “Leaking” water heater. Many
suspected “Leakers” are not leaking tanks. Often the
source of the water can be found and corrected.
If you are not thoroughly familiar with gas codes, your water
heater, and safety practices, contact your gas supplier or
qualified installer to check the water heater.
Read this manual first. Then before checking the water
heater make sure the gas supply has been turned “OFF”,
and never turn the gas “ON” before the tank is completely
full of water.
A
C
H
A
G
Never use this water heater unless it is completely filled
with water. To prevent damage to the tank, the tank must
be filled with water. Water must flow from the hot water
faucet before turning “ON” gas to the water heater.
A *Condensation may be seen on pipes in humid weather
or pipe connections may be leaking.
B. Small amounts of water from temperature-pressure
relief valve may be due to thermal expansion or high
water pressure in your area.
C. *The temperature-pressure relief valve may be leaking
at the tank fitting.
D. Water from a drain valve may be due to the valve being
slightly opened.
E. *The drain valve may be leaking at the tank fitting.
F. Water in the water heater bottom or on the floor may
be from condensation, loose connections, or the relief
valve. DO NOT replace the water heater until a full
inspection of all possible water sources is made and
necessary corrective steps taken.
G. *The hose from the tank to the heat engine may be
leaking at the tank fitting.
H. *The fittings at the circulation pump may be leaking.
Leakage from other appliances, water lines, or ground
seepage should also be checked.
B
G
F
E
FIGURE 41
54
D
* To check where threaded portions enter the tank, insert
cotton swab between jacket opening and fitting. If cotton
is wet, follow “Draining The Tank” section instructions in
the “Maintenance” section and then remove fitting. Put
pipe dope or teflon tape on the threads and replace.
Then follow the instructions in “Filling the Water Heater”
section.
REPLACEMENT PARTS
ITEM #
DESCRIPTION
153.331010
153.331000 HA
KIT #
KIT #
2
Flame sensor (w/ bracket and gasket)
9007428015
9007428015
3
Ignitor (w/ spark generator, bracket and gasket)
9007429015
9007429015
4
Gas valve
9007207005
9007207005
5
Blower motor assembly
9007430005
9007430005
6
Circulation pump assembly
9007173005
9007173005
7
Water valve assembly
9007424005
9007424005
10
Inlet water filter
9007971005
9007971005
13
Heat exchanger
9007577005
9007577005
15
Diptube J 3/4” (return)
9007208005
9007208005
B
Anode/AL/NIP/HT (w/ Hot water outlet nipple)
9006291005
9006291005
B
Anode/MG/NIP/HT (w/ Hot water outlet nipple)
9004333005
9004333005
B
Anode/KA-90/NIP/HT (w/ Hot water outlet nipple)
9008027005
9008027005
C
T&P relief valve
9003741005
9003741005
D
NIP/DIP/TBO/HT (w/ Cold water inlet nipple)
9007178005
9007178005
J
High Temperature Switch
9007211015
9007211015
K
Drain/trap assembly-condensate
9007205005
9007205005
M
12” Hose (braided)
9007176005
9007176005
N
Drain valve
9000058015
9000058015
O
Tank thermistor (probe)
9007177005
9007177005
R
Display subassembly (w/ Bilingual label) (English/French)
9007426005
9007426005
R
Display subassembly (w/ English label)
9007425005
9007425005
S
Heat engine assembly
9007206005
9008028005
U
High-Limit Fuse
9007210015
9007210015
X
ECO Switch
9007179015
9007179015
Y
Transformer
9007209005
9007209005
Z
Control board assembly (PCB assembly w/ base)
(0 - 3,500 ft (0 - 1,067 m))
9007175005
N/A
Z
Control board assembly (PCB assembly w/ base)
(3,501 - 6,500 ft (1,067 -1,981m))
N/A
9007439005
Z
Control board assembly (PCB assembly w/ base)
(6,501 - 8,500 ft (1,981 - 2,591m))
9007440005
9007440005
Z
Control board assembly (PCB assembly w/ base)
(8,501 - 11,000 ft (2,591 - 3,352m))
9007441005
9007441005
*
Inlet/outlet thermistor (Temp sensor)*
9007174005
9007174005
*
PCB fuse*
9007427015
9007427015
*
Transformer fuse*
9007431015
9007431015
* Not shown in exploded view.
55
A
C
B
E
D
F
15
G
T
S
H
R
I
Q
P
14
O
N
M
L
12
K
J
V
U
W
X
Y
Z
13
1
2
11
3
4
10
5
9
6
8
56
7
PARTS IDENTIFICATION
ITEM #
DESCRIPTION
A
Baffle, Flue
B
Anode/MG/NIP/HT (w/ Hot water outlet nipple)
C
T&P relief valve
D
NIP/DIP/TBO/HT (w/ Cold water inlet nipple)
E
Cover, Back-flue gas return
F
Top insulation
G
Flue gas return duct assembly
H
Shroud, back-tank assembly
I
Shroud, right side-tank assembly
J
High Temperature Switch
K
Drain/trap assembly-condensate
L
Baffle, Exhaust
M
12” Hose (braided)
N
Drain valve
O
Tank thermistor (probe)
P
Front door lock (Hook cam)
Q
Shroud, right side-tank assembly & door
R
Display subassembly
S
Heat engine assy
T
Cover, front-flue gas return
U
High-Limit Fuse
V
Air inlet cover (Direct vent)
W
Air inlet cover gasket (Direct vent)
X
ECO Switch
Y
Transformer
Z
Control board assembly (w/ Base)
1
Power cord assembly
2
Flame sensor
3
Ignitor (spark generator)
4
Gas valve
5
Blower motor assembly
6
Circulation pump assembly
7
Water valve assembly
8
Front cover gasket
9
Water inlet fitting
10
Inlet water filter
11
Return fitting (flange)
12
Barbed fitting
13
Heat exchanger
14
Service cap
15
Diptube J 3/4” (return)
57
NOTES
58
NOTES
59
Get it fixed, at your home or ours!
Your Home
For troubleshooting, product manuals and expert advice:
www.managemylife.com
For repair – in your home – of all major brand appliances,
lawn and garden equipment, or heating and cooling systems,
no matter who made it, no matter who sold it!
For the replacement parts, accessories and
owner’s manuals that you need to do-it-yourself.
For Sears professional installation of home appliances
and items like garage door openers and water heaters.
1-800-4-MY-HOME®
(1-800-469-4663)
Call anytime, day or night (U.S.A. and Canada)
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www.sears.ca
Our Home
For repair of carry-in items like vacuums, lawn equipment,
and electronics, call anytime for the location of your nearest
Sears Parts & Repair Service Center
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www.sears.com
1-800-469-4663 (Canada)
www.sears.ca
To purchase a protection agreement on a product serviced by Sears:
1-800-827-6655 (U.S.A.)
1-800-361-6665 (Canada)
Para pedir servicio de reparación
a domicilio, y para ordenar piezas:
Au Canada pour service en français:
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(1-888-784-6427)
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(1-800-533-6937)
www.sears.ca
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MC
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