Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series Specification Update

Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series
Specification Update
— on 45 nm Process in the 775-land LGA Package
December 2010
Notice: Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series may contain design defects or
errors known as errata which may cause the product to deviate from published specifications.
Current characterized errata are documented in this Specification Update.
Document Number: 319006-009
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Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
2
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Contents
Contents .............................................................................................................................3
Revision History ...................................................................................................................4
Preface ...............................................................................................................................5
Summary Tables of Changes ..................................................................................................7
Identification Information .................................................................................................... 14
Component Identification Information .................................................................................... 15
Errata ............................................................................................................................... 17
Specification Changes ......................................................................................................... 46
Specification Clarifications.................................................................................................... 47
Documentation Changes ...................................................................................................... 48
§
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
3
Revision History
Revision
Number
Description
Date
001
Initial release
February 1, 2008
002
Added Errata AAB52-AAB53
003
 Added Spec Clarification AAB1
May 2008
004
 Updated Erratum AAB18
 Deleted Erratum AAB53 and replaced with a new erratum
 Added Errata AAB58-AAB60
July 2008
005
 Added Errata AAB61-AAB70
 Included E0 stepping information
August 2008
006
 Added Errata AAB71-AAB75
January 2009
007
 Updated Component Identification section with L3110 processor
February 2009
008
 Updated Erratum AAB1
009
 Updated Erratum AAB76
February 13,
2008
 Added new errata AAB54-AAB56
March 2009
December 2010
§
4
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Preface
Preface
This document is an update to the specifications contained in the documents listed in
the following Affected Documents/Related Documents table. It is a compilation of
device and document errata and specification clarifications and changes, and is
intended for hardware system manufacturers and for software developers of
applications, operating system, and tools.
Information types defined in the Nomenclature section of this document are
consolidated into this update document and are no longer published in other
documents. This document may also contain information that has not been previously
published.
Affected Documents
Document Title
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series Datasheet
Document Number
319004
Related Documents
Document Title
Document Location
Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s
Manual Volume 1: Basic Architecture
Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s
Manual Volume 2A: Instruction Set Reference Manual A–M
Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s
Manual Volume 2B: Instruction Set Reference Manual, N–Z
http://www.intel.com/produc
ts/processor/manuals/index.
htm
Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s
Manual Volume 3A: System Programming Guide
Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s
Manual Volume 3B: System Programming Guide
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
5
Preface
Nomenclature
S-Spec Number is a five-digit code used to identify products. Products are
differentiated by their unique characteristics (e.g., core speed, L2 cache size, package
type, etc.) as described in the processor identification information table. Care should
be taken to read all notes associated with each S-Spec number
Errata are design defects or errors. Errata may cause the processor’s behavior to
deviate from published specifications. Hardware and software designed to be used
with any given stepping must assume that all errata documented for that stepping are
present on all devices.
Specification Changes are modifications to the current published specifications.
These changes will be incorporated in the next release of the specifications.
Specification Clarifications describe a specification in greater detail or further
highlight a specification’s impact to a complex design situation. These clarifications will
be incorporated in the next release of the specifications.
Documentation Changes include typos, errors, or omissions from the current
published specifications. These changes will be incorporated in the next release of the
specifications.
Note: Errata remain in the specification update throughout the product’s lifecycle, or until a
particular stepping is no longer commercially available. Under these circumstances,
errata removed from the specification update are archived and available upon request.
Specification changes, specification clarifications and documentation changes are
removed from the specification update when the appropriate changes are made to the
appropriate product specification or user documentation (datasheets, manuals, etc.).
§
6
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Summary Tables of Changes
Summary Tables of Changes
The following table indicates the Specification Changes, Errata, Specification
Clarifications or Documentation Changes, which apply to the listed MCH steppings.
Intel intends to fix some of the errata in a future stepping of the component, and to
account for the other outstanding issues through documentation or Specification
Changes as noted. This table uses the following notations:
Codes Used in Summary Table
Stepping
X:
Erratum, Specification Change or Clarification that applies
to this stepping.
(No mark) or (Blank Box): This erratum is fixed in listed stepping or specification
change does not apply to listed stepping.
Status
Doc:
Document change or update that will be implemented.
Plan Fix:
This erratum may be fixed in a future stepping of the
product.
Fixed:
This erratum has been previously fixed.
No Fix:
There are no plans to fix this erratum.
Shaded:
This item is either new or modified from the previous
version of the document.
Row
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
7
Summary Tables of Changes
Item Numbering
Each Specification Update item is prefixed with a capital letter to distinguish the
product. The key below details the letters that are used in Intel’s microprocessor
specification updates:
A=
C=
D=
E=
F=
I=
J=
K=
L=
M=
N=
O=
P=
Q=
R=
S=
T=
U=
V=
W=
X=
Y=
Z=
AA =
AB =
AC =
AD =
AE =
AF =
AG =
AH =
8
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 7000 sequence
Intel® Celeron® processor
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 2.80 GHz
Intel® Pentium® III processor
Intel® Pentium® processor Extreme Edition and Intel® Pentium® D
processor
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 5000 series
64-bit Intel® Xeon® processor MP with 1MB L2 cache
Mobile Intel® Pentium® III processor
Intel® Celeron® D processor
Mobile Intel® Celeron® processor
Intel® Pentium® 4 processor
Intel® Xeon® processor MP
Intel ® Xeon® processor
Mobile Intel® Pentium® 4 processor supporting Hyper-Threading technology
on 90-nm process technology
Intel® Pentium® 4 processor on 90 nm process
64-bit Intel® Xeon® processor with 800 MHz system bus (1 MB and 2 MB L2
cache versions)
Mobile Intel® Pentium® 4 processor-M
64-bit Intel® Xeon® processor MP with up to 8MB L3 cache
Mobile Intel® Celeron® processor on .13 micron process in Micro-FCPGA
package
Intel® Celeron® M processor
Intel® Pentium® M processor on 90nm process with 2-MB L2 cache and
Intel® processor A100 and A110 with 512-KB L2 cache
Intel® Pentium® M processor
Mobile Intel® Pentium® 4 processor with 533 MHz system bus
Intel® Pentium® D processor 900 sequence and Intel® Pentium® processor
Extreme Edition 955, 965
Intel® Pentium® 4 processor 6x1 sequence
Intel® Celeron® processor in 478 pin package
Intel(R) Celeron(R) D processor on 65nm process
Intel® Core™ Duo processor and Intel® Core™ Solo processor on 65nm
process
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor LV
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 5100 series
Intel® Core™2 Duo/Solo processor for Intel® Centrino® Duo processor
technology
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Summary Tables of Changes
AI =
AJ =
AK =
AL =
AM=
AN =
AO =
AP =
AQ =
AR =
AS =
AT =
AV =
AW =
AX =
AY =
AAA =
AAB =
AAC =
Intel® Core™2 Extreme processor X6800 and Intel® Core™2 Duo desktop
processor E6000 and E4000 sequence
Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 5300 series
Intel® Core™2 Extreme quad-core processor QX6000 sequence and Intel®
Core™2 Quad processor Q6000 sequence
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 7100 series
Intel® Celeron® processor 400 sequence
Intel® Pentium® dual-core processor
Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 3200 series
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 3000 series
Intel® Pentium® dual-core desktop processor E2000 sequence
Intel® Celeron® processor 500 series
Intel® Xeon® processor 7200, 7300 series
Intel® Celeron® processor 200 series
Intel® Core™2 Extreme processor QX9000 series and Intel® Core™2 quad-core
processor Q9000 series
Intel® Core™ 2 Duo desktop processor E8000 series
Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 5400 series
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 5200 series
Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 3300 series
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 3100 series
Intel® Celeron® dual-core processor E1000Δ series
The Specification Updates for the Pentium® processor, Pentium® Pro processor, and
other Intel products do not use this convention.
No.
C0
E0
Plan
AAB1
X
X
No Fix
ERRATA
EFLAGS Discrepancy on a Page Fault After a Multiprocessor TLB
Shootdown
EFLAGS Discrepancy on Page Faults after a Translation Change
AAB2
X
X
No Fix
INVLPG Operation for Large (2M/4M) Pages May be Incomplete
under Certain Conditions
AAB3
X
X
No Fix
Store to WT Memory Data May be Seen in Wrong Order by Two
Subsequent Loads
AAB4
X
X
No Fix
Non-Temporal Data Store May be Observed in Wrong Program
Order
AAB5
X
X
No Fix
Page Access Bit May be Set Prior to Signaling a Code Segment
Limit Fault
AAB6
X
X
No Fix
Updating Code Page Directory Attributes without TLB Invalidation
May Result in Improper Handling of Code #PF
AAB7
X
X
No Fix
Storage of PEBS Record Delayed Following Execution of MOV SS or
STI
AAB8
X
X
No Fix
Performance Monitoring Event FP_MMX_TRANS_TO_MMX May Not
Count Some Transitions
AAB9
X
X
No Fix
A REP STOS/MOVS to a MONITOR/MWAIT Address Range May
Prevent Triggering of the Monitoring Hardware
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
9
Summary Tables of Changes
No.
C0
E0
Plan
AAB10
X
X
No Fix
Performance Monitoring Event MISALIGN_MEM_REF May Over
Count
AAB11
X
X
No Fix
The Processor May Report a #TS Instead of a #GP Fault
AAB12
X
X
No Fix
Code Segment Limit Violation May Occur on 4 Gigabyte Limit
Check
AAB13
X
X
No Fix
A Write to an APIC Register Sometimes May Appear to Have Not
Occurred
AAB14
X
X
No Fix
Last Branch Records (LBR) Updates May be Incorrect after a Task
Switch
AAB15
X
X
No Fix
REP MOVS/STOS Executing with Fast Strings Enabled and Crossing
Page Boundaries with Inconsistent Memory Types may use an
Incorrect Data Size or Lead to Memory-Ordering Violations
AAB16
X
X
No Fix
Upper 32 bits of ‘From’ Address Reported through BTMs or BTSs
May be Incorrect
AAB17
X
X
No Fix
Address Reported by Machine-Check Architecture (MCA) on Singlebit L2 ECC Errors May be Incorrect
AAB18
x
X
No Fix
Code Segment Limit/Canonical Faults on RSM May be Serviced
before Higher Priority Interrupts/Exceptions and May Push the
Wrong Address Onto the Stack
AAB19
X
X
No Fix
Store Ordering May be Incorrect between WC and WP Memory
Types
AAB20
X
X
No Fix
EFLAGS, CR0, CR4 and the EXF4 Signal May be Incorrect after
Shutdown
AAB21
X
X
No Fix
Premature Execution of a Load Operation Prior to Exception
Handler Invocation
AAB22
X
X
No Fix
Performance Monitoring Events for Retired Instructions (C0H) May
Not Be Accurate
AAB23
X
X
No Fix
Returning to Real Mode from SMM with EFLAGS.VM Set May Result
in Unpredictable System Behavior
AAB24
X
X
No Fix
CMPSB, LODSB, or SCASB in 64-bit Mode with Count Greater or
Equal to 248 May Terminate Early
AAB25
X
X
No Fix
Writing the Local Vector Table (LVT) when an Interrupt is Pending
May Cause an Unexpected Interrupt
AAB26
X
X
No Fix
Pending x87 FPU Exceptions (#MF) Following STI May Be Serviced
Before Higher Priority Interrupts
AAB27
X
X
No Fix
VERW/VERR/LSL/LAR Instructions May Unexpectedly Update the
Last Exception Record (LER) MSR
AAB28
X
X
No Fix
INIT Does Not Clear Global Entries in the TLB
AAB29
X
X
No Fix
Split Locked Stores May not Trigger the Monitoring Hardware
AAB30
X
X
No Fix
Programming the Digital Thermal Sensor (DTS) Threshold May
Cause Unexpected Thermal Interrupts
10
ERRATA
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Summary Tables of Changes
No.
C0
E0
Plan
AAB31
X
X
No Fix
Writing Shared Unaligned Data that Crosses a Cache Line without
Proper Semaphores or Barriers May Expose a Memory Ordering
Issue
AAB32
X
X
No Fix
General Protection (#GP) Fault May Not Be Signaled on Data
Segment Limit Violation above 4-G Limit
AAB33
X
X
No Fix
An Asynchronous MCE During a Far Transfer May Corrupt ESP
AAB34
X
X
Plan Fix
AAB35
X
X
No Fix
B0-B3 Bits in DR6 May Not be Properly Cleared After Code
Breakpoint
AAB36
X
X
No Fix
An xTPR Update Transaction Cycle, if Enabled, May be Issued to
the FSB after the Processor has Issued a Stop-Grant Special Cycle
AAB37
X
Fixed
Performance Monitoring Event IA32_FIXED_CTR2 May Not Function
Properly when Max Ratio is a Non-Integer Core-to-Bus Ratio
AAB38
X
X
No Fix
Instruction Fetch May Cause a Livelock During Snoops of the
L1 Data Cache
AAB39
X
X
No Fix
Use of Memory Aliasing with Inconsistent Memory Type may Cause
a System Hang or a Machine Check Exception
AAB40
X
X
No Fix
A WB Store Following a REP STOS/MOVS or FXSAVE May Lead to
Memory-Ordering Violations
AAB41
X
Fixed
VM Exit with Exit Reason “TPR Below Threshold” Can Cause the
Blocking by MOV/POP SS and Blocking by STI Bits to be Cleared in
the Guest Interruptibility-State Field
AAB42
X
X
No Fix
Using Memory Type Aliasing with Cacheable and WC Memory Types
May Lead to Memory Ordering Violations
AAB43
X
X
No Fix
VM Exit Caused by a SIPI Results in Zero to be Saved to the Guest
RIP Field in the VMCS
AAB44
X
AAB45
X
Fixed
Partial Streaming Load Instruction Sequence May Cause the
Processor to Hang
AAB46
X
Fixed
Self/Cross Modifying Code May Not be Detected or May Cause a
Machine Check Exception
AAB47
X
Fixed
Data TLB Eviction Condition in the Middle of a Cacheline Split Load
Operation May Cause the Processor to Hang
AAB48
X
Fixed
Update of Read/Write (R/W) or User/Supervisor (U/S) or Present
(P) Bits without TLB Shootdown May Cause Unexpected Processor
Behavior
AAB49
X
Fixed
RSM Instruction Execution under Certain Conditions May Cause
Processor Hang or Unexpected Instruction Execution Results
AAB50
X
X
No Fix
Benign Exception after a Double Fault May Not Cause a Triple Fault
Shutdown
AAB51
X
X
No Fix
Short Nested Loops That Span Multiple 16-Byte Boundaries May
Cause a Machine Check Exception or a System Hang
Fixed
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
ERRATA
CPUID Reports Architectural Performance Monitoring Version 2 is
Supported, When Only Version 1 Capabilities are Available
NMIs May Not Be Blocked by a VM-Entry Failure
11
Summary Tables of Changes
No.
C0
E0
Plan
AAB52
X
X
No Fix
An Enabled Debug Breakpoint or Single Step Trap May Be Taken
after MOV SS/POP SS Instruction if it is Followed by an Instruction
That Signals a Floating Point Exception
AAB53
X
X
No Fix
LER MSRs May be Incorrectly Updated
AAB54
X
X
No Fix
IA32_MC1_STATUS MSR Bit[60] Does Not Reflect Machine Check
Error Reporting Enable Correctly
AAB55
X
X
No Fix
A VM Exit Due to a Fault While Delivering a Software Interrupt May
Save Incorrect Data into the VMCS
AAB56
X
X
No Fix
A VM Exit Occuring in IA-32e Mode May Not Produce a VMX Abort
When Expected
AAB57
X
X
No Fix
IRET under Certain Conditions May Cause an Unexpected
Alignment Check Exception
AAB58
X
X
Plan Fix
AAB59
X
X
No Fix
Thermal Interrupts are Dropped During and While Exiting Intel®
Deep Power-Down State
AAB60
X
X
No Fix
VM Entry May Fail When Attempting to Set
IA32_DEBUGCTL.FREEZE_WHILE_SMM_EN
X
No Fix
Processor May Hold-off / Delay a PECI Transaction Longer than
Specified by the PECI Protocol
X
No Fix
VM Entry May Use Wrong Address to Access Virtual-APIC Page
X
No Fix
XRSTOR Instruction May Cause Extra Memory Reads
X
Plan Fix
CPUID Instruction May Return Incorrect Brand String
AAB65
X
No Fix
Global Instruction TLB Entries May Not be Invalidated on a VM Exit
or VM Entry
AAB66
X
No Fix
When Intel® Deep Power-Down State is Being Used,
IA32_FIXED_CTR2 May Return Incorrect Cycle Counts
AAB67
X
No Fix
Enabling PECI via the PECI_CTL MSR incorrectly
writes CPUID_FEATURE_MASK1 MSR
X
No Fix
INIT Incorrectly Resets IA32_LSTAR MSR
AAB69
X
No Fix
Corruption of CS Segment Register During RSM While Transitioning
From Real Mode to Protected Mode
AAB70
X
No Fix
LBR, BTS, BTM May Report a Wrong Address when an
Exception/Interrupt Occurs in 64-bit Mode
AAB71
X
No Fix
The XRSTOR Instruction May Fail to Cause a General-Protection
Exception
AAB72
X
No Fix
The XSAVE Instruction May Erroneously Set Reserved Bits in the
XSTATE_BV Field
No Fix
Store Ordering Violation When Using XSAVE
AAB61
AAB62
AAB63
AAB64
AAB68
AAB73
12
X
ERRATA
PSI# Signal Asserted During Reset
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Summary Tables of Changes
Number
-
Number
AAB1
Number
-
No.
C0
E0
Plan
AAB74
X
X
No Fix
AAB75
X
X
Plan Fix
AAB76
X
X
No Fix
ERRATA
Memory Ordering Violation With Stores/Loads Crossing a Cacheline
Boundary
Unsynchronized Cross-Modifying Code Operations Can Cause
Unexpected Instruction Execution Results
A 64-bit Register IP-relative Instruction May Return Unexpected
Results
SPECIFICATION CHANGES
There are no Specification Changes in this Specification Update revision.
SPECIFICATION CLARIFICATIONS
Clarification of TRANSLATION LOOKASIDE BUFFERS (TLBS) Invalidation
DOCUMENTATION CHANGES
There are no Documentation Changes in this Specification Update revision.
§
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
13
Identification Information
Identification Information
Figure 1. Processor Package Example
INTEL M ©'06 E3110
INTEL® XEON®
SLxxx [COO]
3.00GHZ/6M/1333/06
[FPO] e4
ATPO
S/N
§
14
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Component Identification Information
Component Identification
Information
The Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series can be identified by the following
values:
Reserve
d
Extended
Family1
31:28
27:20
19:16
00000000b
0001b
Extended Reserved
Model2
15:14
Processor
Type3
Family
Code4
Model
Number5
Stepping
ID6
13:12
11:8
7:4
3:0
00b
0110b
0111b
XXXXb
When EAX is initialized to a value of 1, the CPUID instruction returns the Extended Family,
Extended Model, Type, Family, Model and Stepping value in the EAX register. Note that the EDX
processor signature value after reset is equivalent to the processor signature output value in the
EAX register.
NOTES:
1. The Extended Family, bits [27:20] are used in conjunction with the Family Code,
specified in bits [11:8], to indicate whether the processor belongs to the Intel386,
Intel486, Pentium, Pentium Pro, Pentium 4, Intel® CoreTM, or Enhanced Intel® CoreTM
processor family.
2. The Extended Model, bits [19:16] in conjunction with the Model Number, specified in bits
[7:4], are used to identify the model of the processor within the processor’s family.
3. The Processor Type, specified in bits [13:12] indicates whether the processor is an
original OEM processor or a Dual CPU Socket system.
4. The Family Code corresponds to bits [11:8] of the EDX register after RESET, bits [11:8]
of the EAX register after the CPUID instruction is executed with a 1 in the EAX register,
and the generation field of the Device ID register accessible through Boundary Scan.
5. The Model Number corresponds to bits [7:4] of the EDX register after RESET, bits [7:4]
of the EAX register after the CPUID instruction is executed with a 1 in the EAX register,
and the model field of the Device ID register accessible through Boundary Scan.
6. The Stepping ID in bits [3:0] indicates the revision number of that model. See Table 1 for
the processor stepping ID number in the CPUID information.
Cache and TLB descriptor parameters are provided in the EAX, EBX, ECX and EDX registers after
the CPUID instruction is executed with a 2 in the EAX register. Refer to the Intel Processor
Identification and the CPUID Instruction Application Note (AP-485) for further information on the
CPUID instruction.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
15
Component Identification Information
Table 1. Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series Identification Information
S-Spec
Core
Stepping
L2 Cache
Size
(bytes)
Processor
Signature
Processor
Number
Speed
Core/Bus
Package
Notes
SLAPM
C0
6 MB
(2 x 3MB)
10676h
E3110
3.00 GHz /
1333 MHz
775-land LGA
1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9,
10, 11, 12, 13
E0
6 MB
(2 x 3MB)
10676h
E3120
3.16 GHz /
1333 MHz
775-land LGA
1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9,
10, 11, 12, 13
E0
6 MB
(2 x 3MB)
10676h
E3110
3.00 GHz /
1333 MHz
775-land LGA
1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9,
10, 11, 12, 13
E0
6 MB
(2 x 3MB)
10676h
L3110
3.00 GHz /
1333 MHz
775-land LGA
2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14
SLB9D
SLB9C
SLGP9
NOTES:
1. These processors support the 775_VR_CONFIG_06A specifications
2. These parts support Intel® 64
3. These parts support Execute Disable Bit Feature
4. These parts support Intel® Virtualization Technology (Intel® VT)
5. These parts have Intel® Trusted Execution Technology (Intel® TXT) enabled
6. These parts have PROCHOT# enabled
7. These parts have THERMTRIP# enabled
8. These parts support Thermal Monitor 2 (TM2) feature
9. These parts have PECI enabled
10. These parts have Enhanced Intel SpeedStep® Technology (EIST) enabled
11. These parts have Extended HALT State (C1E) enabled
12. These parts have Extended Stop Grant State (C2E) enabled.
13. These parts have Extended (C4) enabled
14. These processors support the 775_VR_CONFIG_06 specifications
16
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
Errata
AAB1.
EFLAGS Discrepancy on Page Fault After a Translation Change
Problem:
This erratum is regarding the case where paging structures are modified to
change a linear address from writable to non-writable without software
performing an appropriate TLB invalidation. When a subsequent access to
that address by a specific instruction (ADD, AND, BTC, BTR, BTS, CMPXCHG,
DEC, INC, NEG, NOT, OR, ROL/ROR, SAL/SAR/SHL/SHR, SHLD, SHRD, SUB,
XOR, and XADD) causes a page fault, the value saved for EFLAGS may
incorrectly contain the arithmetic flag values that the EFLAGS register would
have held had the instruction completed without fault. This can occur even if
the fault causes a VM exit or if its delivery causes a nested fault.
Implication: None identified. Although the EFLAGS value saved may contain incorrect
arithmetic flag values, Intel has not identified software that is affected by this
erratum. This erratum will have no further effects once the original instruction
is restarted because the instruction will produce the same results as if it had
initially completed without a page fault.
Workaround: If the page fault handler inspects the arithmetic portion of the saved EFLAGS
value, then system software should perform a synchronized paging structure
modification and TLB invalidation.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB2.
INVLPG Operation for Large (2M/4M) Pages May be Incomplete under Certain
Conditions
Problem:
The INVLPG instruction may not completely invalidate Translation Look-aside
Buffer (TLB) entries for large pages (2M/4M) when both of the following
conditions exist:

Address range of the page being invalidated spans several Memory
Type Range Registers (MTRRs) with different memory types specified

INVLPG operation is preceded by a Page Assist Event (Page Fault (#PF) or an
access that results in either A or D bits being set in a Page Table Entry (PTE))
Implication: Stale translations may remain valid in TLB after a PTE update resulting in
unpredictable system behavior. Intel has not observed this erratum with any
commercially available software.
Workaround: Software should ensure that the memory type specified in the MTRRs is the
same for the entire address range of the large page.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
17
Errata
AAB3.
Store to WT Memory Data May be Seen in Wrong Order by Two
Subsequent Loads
Problem:
When data of Store to WT memory is used by two subsequent loads of one
thread and another thread performs cacheable write to the same address the
first load may get the data from external memory or L2 written by another
core, while the second load will get the data straight from the WT Store.
Implication: Software that uses WB to WT memory aliasing may violate proper store
ordering.
Workaround: Do not use WB to WT aliasing.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB4.
Non-Temporal Data Store May be Observed in Wrong Program Order
Problem:
When non-temporal data is accessed by multiple read operations in one
thread while another thread performs a cacheable write operation to the
same address, the data stored may be observed in wrong program order (i.e.
later load operations may read older data).
Implication: Software that uses non-temporal data without proper serialization before
accessing the non-temporal data may observe data in wrong program order.
Workaround: Software that conforms to the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software
Developer's Manual, Volume 3A, section “Buffering of Write Combining
Memory Locations” will operate correctly.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB5.
Page Access Bit May be Set Prior to Signaling a Code Segment Limit
Fault
Problem:
If code segment limit is set close to the end of a code page, then due to this
erratum the memory page Access bit (A bit) may be set for the subsequent
page prior to general protection fault on code segment limit.
Implication: When this erratum occurs, a non-accessed page which is present in memory
and follows a page that contains the code segment limit may be tagged as
accessed.
Workaround: Erratum can be avoided by placing a guard page (non-present or nonexecutable page) as the last page of the segment or after the page that
includes the code segment limit.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB6.
Updating Code Page Directory Attributes without TLB Invalidation
May Result in Improper Handling of Code #PF
18
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
Problem:
Code #PF (Page Fault exception) is normally handled in lower priority order
relative to both code #DB (Debug Exception) and code Segment Limit
Violation #GP (General Protection Fault). Due to this erratum, code #PF may
be handled incorrectly, if all of the following conditions are met:



A PDE (Page Directory Entry) is modified without invalidating the
corresponding TLB (Translation Look-aside Buffer) entry
Code execution transitions to a different code page such that both
o The target linear address corresponds to the modified PDE
o The PTE (Page Table Entry) for the target linear address has an
A (Accessed) bit that is clear
One of the following simultaneous exception conditions is present
following the code transition
o Code #DB and code #PF
o Code Segment Limit Violation #GP and code #PF
Implication: Software may observe either incorrect processing of code #PF before code
Segment Limit Violation #GP or processing of code #PF in lieu of code #DB.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB7.
Storage of PEBS Record Delayed Following Execution of MOV SS or
STI
Problem:
When a performance monitoring counter is configured for PEBS (Precise Event
Based Sampling), overflow of the counter results in storage of a PEBS record
in the PEBS buffer. The information in the PEBS record represents the state
of the next instruction to be executed following the counter overflow. Due to
this erratum, if the counter overflow occurs after execution of either MOV SS
or STI, storage of the PEBS record is delayed by one instruction.
Implication: When this erratum occurs, software may observe storage of the PEBS record
being delayed by one instruction following execution of MOV SS or STI. The
state information in the PEBS record will also reflect the one instruction delay.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB8.
Performance Monitoring Event FP_MMX_TRANS_TO_MMX May Not
Count Some Transitions
Problem:
Performance Monitor Event FP_MMX_TRANS_TO_MMX (Event CCH, Umask
01H) counts transitions from x87 Floating Point (FP) to MMX™ instructions.
Due to this erratum, if only a small number of MMX instructions (including
EMMS) are executed immediately after the last FP instruction, a FP to MMX
transition may not be counted.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
19
Errata
Implication: The count value for Performance Monitoring Event FP_MMX_TRANS_TO_MMX
may be lower than expected. The degree of undercounting is dependent on
the occurrences of the erratum condition while the counter is active. Intel has
not observed this erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB9.
A REP STOS/MOVS to a MONITOR/MWAIT Address Range May
Prevent Triggering of the Monitoring Hardware
Problem:
The MONITOR instruction is used to arm the address monitoring hardware for
the subsequent MWAIT instruction. The hardware is triggered on subsequent
memory store operations to the monitored address range. Due to this
erratum, REP STOS/MOVS fast string operations to the monitored address
range may prevent the actual triggering store to be propagated to the
monitoring hardware.
Implication: A logical processor executing an MWAIT instruction may not immediately
continue program execution if a REP STOS/MOVS targets the monitored
address range.
Workaround: Software can avoid this erratum by not using REP STOS/MOVS store
operations within the monitored address range.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB10.
Performance Monitoring Event MISALIGN_MEM_REF May Over Count
Problem:
Performance monitoring event MISALIGN_MEM_REF (05H) is used to count
the number of memory accesses that cross an 8-byte boundary and are
blocked until retirement. Due to this erratum, the performance monitoring
event MISALIGN_MEM_REF also counts other memory accesses.
Implication: The performance monitoring event MISALIGN_MEM_REF may over count. The
extent of the over counting depends on the number of memory accesses
retiring while the counter is active.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB11.
The Processor May Report a #TS Instead of a #GP Fault
Problem:
A jump to a busy TSS (Task-State Segment) may cause a #TS (invalid TSS
exception) instead of a #GP fault (general protection exception).
Implication: Operation systems that access a busy TSS may get invalid TSS fault instead
of a #GP fault. Intel has not observed this erratum with any commercially
available software.
20
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB12.
Code Segment Limit Violation May Occur on 4 Gigabyte Limit Check
Problem:
Code Segment limit violation may occur on 4 Gigabyte limit check when the
code streamwraps around in a way that one instruction ends at the last byte
of the segment and the next instruction begins at 0x0.
Implication: This is a rare condition that may result in a system hang. Intel has not
observed this erratum with any commercially available software, or system.
Workaround: Avoid code that wraps around segment limit.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB13.
A Write to an APIC Register Sometimes May Appear to Have Not
Occurred
Problem:
With respect to the retirement of instructions, stores to the uncacheable
memory-based APIC register space are handled in a non-synchronized way.
For example if an instruction that masks the interrupt flag, e.g. CLI, is
executed soon after an uncacheable write to the Task Priority Register (TPR)
that lowers the APIC priority, the interrupt masking operation may take effect
before the actual priority has been lowered. This may cause interrupts whose
priority is lower than the initial TPR, but higher than the final TPR, to not be
serviced until the interrupt enabled flag is finally set, i.e. by STI instruction.
Interrupts will remain pending and are not lost.
Implication: In this example the processor may allow interrupts to be accepted but may
delay their service.
Workaround: This non-synchronization can be avoided by issuing an APIC register read
after the APIC register write. This will force the store to the APIC register
before any subsequent instructions are executed. No commercial operating
system is known to be impacted by this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB14.
Last Branch Records (LBR) Updates May be Incorrect after a Task
Switch
Problem:
A Task-State Segment (TSS) task switch may incorrectly set the LBR_FROM
value to the LBR_TO value.
Implication: The LBR_FROM will have the incorrect address of the Branch Instruction.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
21
Errata
AAB15.
REP MOVS/STOS Executing with Fast Strings Enabled and Crossing
Page Boundaries with Inconsistent Memory Types may use an
Incorrect Data Size or Lead to Memory-Ordering Violations.
Problem:
Under certain conditions as described in the Software Developers Manual
section “Out-of-Order Stores For String Operations in Pentium 4, Intel Xeon,
and P6 Family Processors” the processor performs REP MOVS or REP STOS as
fast strings. Due to this erratum fast string REP MOVS/REP STOS instructions
that cross page boundaries from WB/WC memory types to UC/WP/WT
memory types, may start using an incorrect data size or may observe
memory ordering violations.
Implication: Upon crossing the page boundary the following may occur, dependent on the
new page memory type:
• UC the data size of each write will now always be 8 bytes, as opposed to
the original data size.
• WP the data size of each write will now always be 8 bytes, as opposed
to the original data size and there may be a memory ordering violation.
• WT there may be a memory ordering violation.
Workaround: Software should avoid crossing page boundaries from WB or WC memory
type to UC, WP or WT memory type within a single REP MOVS or REP STOS
instruction that will execute with fast strings enabled.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB16.
Upper 32 bits of ‘From’ Address Reported through BTMs or BTSs May
be Incorrect
Problem:
When a far transfer switches the processor from 32-bit mode to IA-32e
mode, the upper 32 bits of the ‘From’ (source) addresses reported through
the BTMs (Branch Trace Messages) or BTSs (Branch Trace Stores) may be
incorrect.
Implication: The upper 32 bits of the ‘From’ address debug information reported through
BTMs or BTSs may be incorrect during this transition.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB17.
Address Reported by Machine-Check Architecture (MCA) on Single-bit
L2 ECC Errors May be Incorrect
Problem:
When correctable Single-bit ECC errors occur in the L2 cache, the address is
logged in the MCA address register (MCi_ADDR). Under some scenarios, the
address reported may be incorrect.
Implication: Software should not rely on the value reported in MCi_ADDR, for Single-bit L2
ECC errors.
22
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB18.
Code Segment Limit/Canonical Faults on RSM May be Serviced before
Higher Priority Interrupts/Exceptions
Problem:
Normally, when the processor encounters a Segment Limit or Canonical Fault
due to code execution, a #GP (General Protection Exception) fault is
generated after all higher priority Interrupts and exceptions are serviced.
Due to this erratum, if RSM (Resume from System Management Mode)
returns to execution flow that results in a Code Segment Limit or Canonical
Fault, the #GP fault may be serviced before a higher priority Interrupt or
Exception (e.g. NMI (Non-Maskable Interrupt), Debug break(#DB), Machine
Check (#MC), etc.)
Implication: Operating systems may observe a #GP fault being serviced before higher
priority Interrupts and Exceptions. Intel has not observed this erratum on
any commercially available software.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB19.
Store Ordering May be Incorrect between WC and WP Memory Types
Problem:
According to Intel® 64 and IA-32 Intel Architecture Software Developer's
Manual, Volume 3A "Methods of Caching Available", WP (Write Protected)
stores should drain the WC (Write Combining) buffers in the same way as UC
(Uncacheable) memory type stores do. Due to this erratum, WP stores may
not drain the WC buffers.
Implication: Memory ordering may be violated between WC and WP stores.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB20.
EFLAGS, CR0, CR4 and the EXF4 Signal May be Incorrect after
Shutdown
Problem:
When the processor is going into shutdown due to an RSM inconsistency
failure, EFLAGS, CR0 and CR4 may be incorrect. In addition the EXF4 signal
may still be asserted. This may be observed if the processor is taken out of
shutdown by NMI#.
Implication: A processor that has been taken out of shutdown may have an incorrect
EFLAGS, CR0 and CR4. In addition the EXF4 signal may still be asserted.
Workaround: None identified.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
23
Errata
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB21.
Premature Execution of a Load Operation Prior to Exception Handler
Invocation
Problem:
If any of the below circumstances occur, it is possible that the load portion of
the instruction will have executed before the exception handler is entered.
1) If an instruction that performs a memory load causes a code segment
limit violation.
2) If a waiting X87 floating-point (FP) instruction or MMX™ technology
(MMX) instruction that performs a memory load has a floating-point
exception pending.
3) If an MMX or SSE/SSE2/SSE3/SSSE3 extensions (SSE) instruction that
performs a memory load and has either CR0.EM=1 (Emulation bit set),
or a floating-point Top-of-Stack (FP TOS) not equal to 0, or a DNA
exception pending.
Implication: In normal code execution where the target of the load operation is to write
back memory there is no impact from the load being prematurely executed,
or from the restart and subsequent re-execution of that instruction by the
exception handler. If the target of the load is to uncached memory that has a
system side-effect, restarting the instruction may cause unexpected system
behavior due to the repetition of the side-effect. Particularly, while CR0.TS
[bit 3] is set, a MOVD/MOVQ with MMX/XMM register operands may issue a
memory load before getting the DNA exception.
Workaround: Code which performs loads from memory that has side-effects can effectively
workaround this behavior by using simple integer-based load instructions
when accessing side-effect memory and by ensuring that all code is written
such that a code segment limit violation cannot occur as a part of reading
from side-effect memory.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB22.
Performance Monitoring Events for Retired Instructions (C0H) May
Not Be Accurate
Problem:
The INST_RETIRED performance monitor may miscount retired instructions
as follows:


24
Repeat string and repeat I/O operations are not counted when a
hardware interrupt is received during or after the last iteration of the
repeat flow.
VMLAUNCH and VMRESUME instructions are not counted.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata

HLT and MWAIT instructions are not counted. The following
instructions, if executed during HLT or MWAIT events, are also not
counted:
a) RSM from a C-state SMI during an MWAIT instruction.
b) RSM from an SMI during a HLT instruction.
Implication: There may be a smaller than expected value in the INST_RETIRED
performance monitoring counter. The extent to which this value is smaller
than expected is determined by the frequency of the above cases.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB23.
Returning to Real Mode from SMM with EFLAGS.VM Set May Result in
Unpredictable System Behavior
Problem:
Returning back from SMM mode into real mode while EFLAGS.VM is set in
SMRAM may result in unpredictable system behavior.
Implication: If SMM software changes the values of the EFLAGS.VM in SMRAM, it may
result in unpredictable system behavior. Intel has not observed this behavior
in commercially available software.
Workaround: SMM software should not change the value of EFLAGS.VM in SMRAM.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB24.
CMPSB, LODSB, or SCASB in 64-bit Mode with Count Greater or Equal
to 248 May Terminate Early
Problem:
In 64-bit Mode CMPSB, LODSB, or SCASB executed with a repeat prefix and
count greater than or equal to 248 may terminate early. Early termination
may result in one of the following.


The last iteration not being executed
Signaling of a canonical limit fault (#GP) on the last iteration
Implication: While in 64-bit mode, with count greater or equal to 248, repeat string
operations CMPSB, LODSB or SCASB may terminate without completing the
last iteration. Intel has not observed this erratum with any commercially
available software.
Workaround: Do not use repeated string operations with RCX greater than or equal to 248.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB25.
Writing the Local Vector Table (LVT) when an Interrupt is Pending
May Cause an Unexpected Interrupt
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
25
Errata
Problem:
If a local interrupt is pending when the LVT entry is written, an interrupt may
be taken on the new interrupt vector even if the mask bit is set.
Implication: An interrupt may immediately be generated with the new vector when a LVT
entry is written, even if the new LVT entry has the mask bit set. If there is
no Interrupt Service Routine (ISR) set up for that vector the system will GP
fault. If the ISR does not do an End of Interrupt (EOI) the bit for the vector
will be left set in the in-service register and mask all interrupts at the same or
lower priority.
Workaround: Any vector programmed into an LVT entry must have an ISR associated with
it, even if that vector was programmed as masked. This ISR routine must do
an EOI to clear any unexpected interrupts that may occur. The ISR
associated with the spurious vector does not generate an EOI, therefore the
spurious vector should not be used when writing the LVT.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB26.
Pending x87 FPU Exceptions (#MF) Following STI May Be Serviced
Before Higher Priority Interrupts
Problem:
Interrupts that are pending prior to the execution of the STI (Set Interrupt
Flag) instruction are normally serviced immediately after the instruction
following the STI. An exception to this is if the following instruction triggers a
#MF. In this situation, the interrupt should be serviced before the #MF.
Because of this erratum, if following STI, an instruction that triggers a #MF is
executed while STPCLK#, Enhanced Intel SpeedStep® Technology transitions
or Thermal Monitor 1 events occur, the pending #MF may be serviced before
higher priority interrupts.
Implication: Software may observe #MF being serviced before higher priority interrupts.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB27.
VERW/VERR/LSL/LAR Instructions May Unexpectedly Update the
Last Exception Record (LER) MSR
Problem:
The LER MSR may be unexpectedly updated, if the resultant value of the Zero
Flag (ZF) is zero after executing the following instructions
1. VERR (ZF=0 indicates unsuccessful segment read verification)
2. VERW (ZF=0 indicates unsuccessful segment write verification)
3. LAR (ZF=0 indicates unsuccessful access rights load)
4. LSL (ZF=0 indicates unsuccessful segment limit load)
26
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
Implication: The value of the LER MSR may be inaccurate if VERW/VERR/LSL/LAR
instructions are executed after the occurrence of an exception.
Workaround: Software exception handlers that rely on the LER MSR value should read the
LER MSR before executing VERW/VERR/LSL/LAR instructions.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB28.
INIT Does Not Clear Global Entries in the TLB
Problem:
INIT may not flush a TLB entry when:

The processor is in protected mode with paging enabled and the page
global enable flag is set (PGE bit of CR4 register)
 G bit for the page table entry is set
 TLB entry is present in TLB when INIT occurs
Implication: Software may encounter unexpected page fault or incorrect address
translation due to a TLB entry erroneously left in TLB after INIT.
Workaround: Write to CR3, CR4 (setting bits PSE, PGE or PAE) or CR0 (setting bits PG or
PE) registers before writing to memory early in BIOS code to clear all the
global entries from TLB.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB29.
Split Locked Stores May not Trigger the Monitoring Hardware
Problem:
Logical processors normally resume program execution following the MWAIT,
when another logical processor performs a write access to a WB cacheable
address within the address range used to perform the MONITOR operation.
Due to this erratum, a logical processor may not resume execution until the
next targeted interrupt event or O/S timer tick following a locked store that
spans across cache lines within the monitored address range.
Implication: The logical processor that executed the MWAIT instruction may not resume
execution until the next targeted interrupt event or O/S timer tick in the case
where the monitored address is written by a locked store which is split across
cache lines.
Workaround: Do not use locked stores that span cache lines in the monitored address
range.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB30.
Programming the Digital Thermal Sensor (DTS) Threshold May Cause
Unexpected Thermal Interrupts
Problem:
Software can enable DTS thermal interrupts by programming the thermal
threshold and setting the respective thermal interrupt enable bit. When
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
27
Errata
programming DTS value, the previous DTS threshold may be crossed. This
will generate an unexpected thermal interrupt.
Implication: Software may observe an unexpected thermal interrupt occur after
reprogramming the thermal threshold.
Workaround: In the ACPI/OS implement a workaround by temporarily disabling the DTS
threshold interrupt before updating the DTS threshold value.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB31.
Writing Shared Unaligned Data that Crosses a Cache Line without
Proper Semaphores or Barriers May Expose a Memory Ordering Issue
Problem:
Software which is written so that multiple agents can modify the same shared
unaligned memory location at the same time may experience a memory
ordering issue if multiple loads access this shared data shortly thereafter.
Exposure to this problem requires the use of a data write which spans a
cache line boundary.
Implication: This erratum may cause loads to be observed out of order. Intel has not
observed this erratum with any commercially available software or system.
Workaround: Software should ensure at least one of the following is true when modifying
shared data by multiple agents:


The shared data is aligned
Proper semaphores or barriers are used in order to prevent concurrent
data accesses.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB32.
General Protection (#GP) Fault May Not Be Signaled on Data Segment
Limit Violation above 4-G Limit
Problem:
In 32-bit mode, memory accesses to flat data segments (base = 00000000h)
that occur above the 4G limit (0ffffffffh) may not signal a #GP fault.
Implication: When such memory accesses occur in 32-bit mode, the system may not issue
a #GP fault.
Workaround: Software should ensure that memory accesses in 32-bit mode do not occur
above the 4G limit (0ffffffffh).
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB33.
An Asynchronous MCE During a Far Transfer May Corrupt ESP
28
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
Problem:
If an asynchronous machine check occurs during an interrupt, call through
gate, FAR RET or IRET and in the presence of certain internal
conditions, ESP may be corrupted.
Implication: If the MCE (Machine Check Exception) handler is called without a stack
switch, then a triple fault will occur due to the corrupted stack pointer,
resulting in a processor shutdown. If the MCE is called with a stack switch,
e.g. when the CPL (Current Privilege Level) was changed or when going
through an interrupt task gate, then the corrupted ESP will be saved on the
new stack or in the TSS (Task State Segment), and will not be used.
Workaround: Use an interrupt task gate for the machine check handler.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB34.
CPUID Reports Architectural Performance Monitoring Version 2 is
Supported, When Only Version 1 Capabilities are Available
Problem:
CPUID leaf 0Ah reports the architectural performance monitoring version that
is available in EAX[7:0]. Due to this erratum CPUID reports the supported
version as 2 instead of 1.
Implication: Software will observe an incorrect version number in CPUID.0Ah.EAX [7:0] in
comparison to which features are actually supported.
Workaround: Software should use the recommended enumeration mechanism described in
the Architectural Performance Monitoring section of the Intel® 64 and IA-32
Architectures Software Developer's Manual, Volume 3: System Programming
Guide.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB35.
B0-B3 Bits in DR6 May Not be Properly Cleared After Code Breakpoint
Problem:
B0-B3 bits (breakpoint conditions detect flags, bits [3:0]) in DR6 may not be
properly cleared when the following sequence happens:
1. POP instruction to SS (Stack Segment) selector;
2. Next instruction is FP (Floating Point) that gets FP assist followed by
code breakpoint.
Implication: B0-B3 bits in DR6 may not be properly cleared.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
29
Errata
AAB36.
An xTPR Update Transaction Cycle, if Enabled, May be Issued to the
FSB after the Processor has Issued a Stop-Grant Special Cycle
Problem:
According to the FSB (Front Side Bus) protocol specification, no FSB cycles
should be issued by the processor once a Stop-Grant special cycle has been
issued to the bus. If xTPR update transactions are enabled by clearing the
IA32_MISC_ENABLES[bit 23] at the time of Stop-Clock assertion, an xTPR
update transaction cycle may be issued to the FSB after the processor has
issued a Stop Grant Acknowledge transaction.
Implication: When this erratum occurs in systems using C-states C2 (Stop-Grant State)
and higher the result could be a system hang.
Workaround: BIOS must leave the xTPR update transactions disabled (default).
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB37.
Performance Monitoring Event IA32_FIXED_CTR2 May Not Function
Properly when Max Ratio is a Non-Integer Core-to-Bus Ratio
Problem:
Performance Counter IA32_FIXED_CTR2 (MSR 30BH) event counts CPU
reference clocks when the core is not in a halt state. This event is not
affected by core frequency changes (e.g., P states, TM2 transitions) but
counts at the same frequency as the Time-Stamp Counter
IA32_TIME_STAMP_COUNTER (MSR 10H). Due to this erratum, the
IA32_FIXED_CTR2 will not function properly when the non-integer core-tobus ratio multiplier feature is used and when a non-zero value is written to
IA32_ FIXED_CTR2. Non-integer core-to-bus ratio enables additional
operating frequencies. This feature can be detected by IA32_PLATFORM_ID
(MSR 17H) bit [23].
Implication: The Performance Monitoring Event IA32_FIXED_CTR2 may result in an
inaccurate count when the non-integer core-to-bus multiplier feature is used.
Workaround: If writing to IA32_FIXED_CTR2 and using a non-integer core-to-bus ratio
multiplier, always write a zero.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB38.
Instruction Fetch May Cause a Livelock During Snoops of the L1 Data
Cache
Problem:
A livelock may be observed in rare conditions when instruction fetch causes
multiple level one data cache snoops.
Implication: Due to this erratum, a livelock may occur. Intel has not observed this
erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: It is possible for BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
30
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
AAB39.
Use of Memory Aliasing with Inconsistent Memory Type may Cause a
System Hang or a Machine Check Exception
Problem:
Software that implements memory aliasing by having more than one linear
addresses mapped to the same physical page with different cache types may
cause the system to hang or to report a machine check exception (MCE). This
would occur if one of the addresses is non-cacheable and used in a code
segment and the other is a cacheable address. If the cacheable address finds
its way into the instruction cache, and the non-cacheable address is fetched
in the IFU, the processor may invalidate the non-cacheable address from the
fetch unit. Any micro-architectural event that causes instruction restart will
be expecting this instruction to still be in the fetch unit and lack of it will
cause a system hang or an MCE.
Implication: This erratum has not been observed with commercially available software.
Workaround: Although it is possible to have a single physical page mapped by two different
linear addresses with different memory types, Intel has strongly discouraged
this practice as it may lead to undefined results. Software that needs to
implement memory aliasing should manage the memory type consistency.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB40.
A WB Store Following a REP STOS/MOVS or FXSAVE May Lead to
Memory-Ordering Violations
Problem:
Under certain conditions, as described in the Software Developers Manual
section "Out-of-Order Stores For String Operations in Pentium 4, Intel Xeon,
and P6 Family Processors", the processor may perform REP MOVS or REP
STOS as write combining stores (referred to as “fast strings”) for optimal
performance. FXSAVE may also be internally implemented using write
combining stores. Due to this erratum, stores of a WB (write back) memory
type to a cache line previously written by a preceding fast string/FXSAVE
instruction may be observed before string/FXSAVE stores.
Implication: A write-back store may be observed before a previous string or FXSAVE
related store. Intel has not observed this erratum with any commercially
available software.
Workaround: Software desiring strict ordering of string/FXSAVE operations relative to
subsequent write-back stores should add an MFENCE or SFENCE instruction
between the string/FXSAVE operation and following store-order sensitive code
such as that used for synchronization.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
31
Errata
AAB41.
VM Exit with Exit Reason “TPR Below Threshold” Can Cause the
Blocking by MOV/POP SS and Blocking by STI Bits to be Cleared in
the Guest Interruptibility-State Field
Problem:
As specified in Section, “VM Exits Induced by the TPR Shadow”, in the Intel®
64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 3B, a VM
exit occurs immediately after any VM entry performed with the “use TPR
shadow", "activate secondary controls”, and “virtualize APIC accesses” VMexecution controls all set to 1 and with the value of the TPR shadow (bits 7:4
in byte 80H of the virtual-APIC page) less than the TPR-threshold VMexecution control field. Due to this erratum, such a VM exit will clear bit 0
(blocking by STI) and bit 1 (blocking by MOV/POP SS) of the interruptibilitystate field of the guest-state area of the VMCS (bit 0 - blocking by STI and bit
1 - blocking by MOV/POP SS should be left unmodified).
Implication: Since the STI, MOV SS, and POP SS instructions cannot modify the TPR
shadow, bits 1:0 of the interruptibility-state field will usually be zero before
any VM entry meeting the preconditions of this erratum; behavior is correct in
this case. However, if VMM software raises the value of the TPR-threshold
VM-execution control field above that of the TPR shadow while either of those
bits is 1, incorrect behavior may result. This may lead to VMM software
prematurely injecting an interrupt into a guest. Intel has not observed this
erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: VMM software raising the value of the TPR-threshold VM-execution control
field should compare it to the TPR shadow. If the threshold value is higher,
software should not perform a VM entry; instead, it could perform the actions
that it would normally take in response to a VM exit with exit reason “TPR
below threshold”.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB42.
Using Memory Type Aliasing with Cacheable and WC Memory Types
May Lead to Memory Ordering Violations
Problem:
Memory type aliasing occurs when a single physical page is mapped to two or
more different linear addresses, each with different memory types. Memory
type aliasing with a cacheable memory type and WC (write combining) may
cause the processor to perform incorrect operations leading to memory
ordering violations for WC operations.
Implication: Software that uses aliasing between cacheable and WC memory types may
observe memory ordering errors within WC memory operations. Intel has not
observed this erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: None identified. Intel does not support the use of cacheable and WC memory
type aliasing, and WC operations are defined as weakly ordered.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
32
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
AAB43.
VM Exit Caused by a SIPI Results in Zero to be Saved to the Guest
RIP Field in the VMCS
Problem:
If a logical processor is in VMX non-root operation and in the wait-for-SIPI
state, an occurrence of a start-up IPI (SIPI) causes a VM exit. Due to this
erratum, such VM exits always save zero into the RIP field of the guest-state
area of the virtual-machine control structure (VMCS) instead of the value of
RIP before the SIPI was received.
Implication: In the absence of virtualization, a SIPI received by a logical processor in the
wait-for-SIPI state results in the logical processor starting execution from the
vector sent in the SIPI regardless of the value of RIP before the SIPI was
received. A virtual-machine monitor (VMM) responding to a SIPI-induced VM
exit can emulate this behavior because the SIPI vector is saved in the lower 8
bits of the exit qualification field in the VMCS. Such a VMM should be
unaffected by this erratum. A VMM that does not emulate this behavior may
need to recover the old value of RIP through alternative means. Intel has not
observed this erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: VMM software that may respond to SIPI-induced VM exits by resuming the
interrupt guest context without emulating the non-virtualized SIPI response
should (1) save from the VMCS (using VMREAD) the value of RIP before any
VM entry to the wait-for SIPI state; and (2) restore to the VMCS (using
VMWRITE) that value before the next VM entry that resumes the guest in any
state other than wait-for-SIPI.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB44.
NMIs May Not Be Blocked by a VM-Entry Failure
Problem:
The Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual Volume
3B: System Programming Guide, Part 2 specifies that, following a VM-entry
failure during or after loading guest state, “the state of blocking by NMI is
what it was before VM entry.” If non-maskable interrupts (NMIs) are blocked
and the “virtual NMIs” VM-execution control set to 1, this erratum may result
in NMIs not being blocked after a VM-entry failure during or after loading
guest state.
Implication: VM-entry failures that cause NMIs to become unblocked may cause the
processor to deliver an NMI to software that is not prepared for it.
Workaround: VMM software should configure the virtual-machine control structure (VMCS)
so that VM-entry failures do not occur.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB45.
Partial Streaming Load Instruction Sequence May Cause the
Processor to Hang
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
33
Errata
Problem:
Under some rare conditions, when multiple streaming load instructions
(MOVNTDQA) are mixed with non-streaming loads that split across cache
lines, the processor may hang.
Implication: Under the scenario described above, the processor may hang. Intel has not
observed this erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
However, streaming behavior may be re-enabled by setting bit 5 to 1 of the
MSR at address 0x21 for software development or testing purposes. If this bit
is changed, then a read-modify-write should be performed to preserve other
bits of this MSR. When the streaming behavior is enabled and using
streaming load instructions, always consume a full cache line worth of data
and/or avoid mixing them with non-streaming memory references. If
streaming loads are used to read partial cache lines, and mixed with nonstreaming memory references, use fences to isolate the streaming load
operations from non-streaming memory operations.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB46.
Self/Cross Modifying Code May Not be Detected or May Cause a
Machine Check Exception
Problem:
If instructions from at least three different ways in the same instruction cache
set exist in the pipeline combined with some rare internal state, selfmodifying code (SMC) or cross-modifying code may not be detected and/or
handled.
Implication: An instruction that should be overwritten by another instruction while in the
processor pipeline may not be detected/modified, and could retire without
detection. Alternatively the instruction may cause a Machine Check
Exception. Intel has not observed this erratum with any commercially
available software.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB47.
Data TLB Eviction Condition in the Middle of a Cacheline Split Load
Operation May Cause the Processor to Hang
Problem:
If the TLB translation gets evicted while completing a cacheline split load
operation, under rare scenarios the processor may hang.
Implication: The cacheline split load operation may not be able to complete normally, and
the machine may hang and generate Machine Check Exception. Intel has not
observed this erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
34
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
AAB48.
Update of Read/Write (R/W) or User/Supervisor (U/S) or Present
(P) Bits without TLB Shootdown May Cause Unexpected Processor
Behavior
Problem:
Updating a page table entry by changing R/W, U/S or P bits, even when
transitioning these bits from 0 to 1, without keeping the affected linear
address range coherent with all TLB (Translation Lookaside Buffers) and
paging-structures caches in the processor, in conjunction with a complex
sequence of internal processor micro-architectural events and store
operations, may lead to unexpected processor behavior.
Implication: This erratum may lead to livelock, shutdown or other unexpected processor
behavior. Intel has not observed this erratum with any commercially
available software.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB49.
RSM Instruction Execution under Certain Conditions May Cause
Processor Hang or Unexpected Instruction Execution Results
Problem:
RSM instruction execution, under certain conditions triggered by a complex
sequence of internal processor micro-architectural events, may lead to
processor hang, or unexpected instruction execution results.
Implication: In the above sequence, the processor may live lock or hang, or RSM
instruction may restart the interrupted processor context through a
nondeterministic EIP offset in the code segment, resulting in unexpected
instruction execution, unexpected exceptions or system hang. Intel has not
observed this erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB50.
Benign Exception after a Double Fault May Not Cause a Triple Fault
Shutdown
Problem:
According to the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s
Manual, Volume 3A, “Exception and Interrupt Reference”, if another exception
occurs while attempting to call the double-fault handler, the processor enters
shutdown mode. However due to this erratum, only Contributory Exceptions
and Page Faults will cause a triple fault shutdown, whereas a benign
exception may not.
Implication: If a benign exception occurs while attempting to call the double-fault
handler, the processor may hang or may handle the benign exception. Intel
has not observed this erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: None identified.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
35
Errata
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB51.
Short Nested Loops That Span Multiple 16-Byte Boundaries May
Cause a Machine Check Exception or a System Hang
Problem:
Under a rare set of timing conditions and address alignment of instructions in
a short nested loop sequence, software that contains multiple conditional
jump instructions and spans multiple 16-byte boundaries, may cause a
machine check exception or a system hang.
Implication: Due to this erratum, a machine check exception or a system hang may occur.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB52.
An Enabled Debug Breakpoint or Single Step Trap May Be Taken after
MOV SS/POP SS Instruction if it is Followed by an Instruction That
Signals a Floating Point Exception
Problem:
A MOV SS/POP SS instruction should inhibit all interrupts including debug
breakpoints until after execution of the following instruction. This is intended
to allow the sequential execution of MOV SS/POP SS and MOV [r/e]SP,
[r/e]BP instructions without having an invalid stack during interrupt handling.
However, an enabled debug breakpoint or single step trap may be taken after
MOV SS/POP SS if this instruction is followed by an instruction that signals a
floating point exception rather than a MOV [r/e]SP, [r/e]BP instruction. This
results in a debug exception being signaled on an unexpected instruction
boundary since the MOV SS/POP SS and the following instruction should be
executed atomically.
Implication: This can result in incorrect signaling of a debug exception and possibly a
mismatched Stack Segment and Stack Pointer. If MOV SS/POP SS is not
followed by a MOV [r/e]SP, [r/e]BP, there may be a mismatched Stack
Segment and Stack Pointer on any exception. Intel has not observed this
erratum with any commercially available software, or system.
Workaround: As recommended in the IA32 Intel® Architecture Software Developer’s
Manual, the use of MOV SS/POP SS in conjunction with MOV [r/e]SP, [r/e]BP
will avoid the failure since the MOV [r/e]SP, [r/e]BP will not generate a
floating point exception. Developers of debug tools should be aware of the
potential incorrect debug event signaling created by this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB53.
LER MSRs May be Incorrectly Updated
36
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
Problem:
The LER (Last Exception Record) MSRs, MSR_LER_FROM_LIP (1DDH) and
MSR_LER_TO_LIP (1DEH) may contain incorrect values after any of the
following:



Either STPCLK#, NMI (NonMaskable Interrupt) or external interrupts
CMP or TEST instructions with an uncacheable memory operand
followed by a conditional jump
STI/POP SS/MOV SS instructions followed by CMP or TEST instructions
and then by a conditional jump
Implication: When the conditions for this erratum occur, the value of the LER MSRs may
be incorrectly updated.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB54.
IA32_MC1_STATUS MSR Bit[60] Does Not Reflect Machine Check
Error Reporting Enable Correctly
Problem:
IA32_MC1_STATUS MSR (405H) bit[60] (EN- Error Enabled) is supposed to
indicate whether the enable bit in the IA32_MC1_CTL MSR (404H) was set at
the time of the last update to the IA32_MC1_STATUS MSR. Due to this
erratum, IA32_MC1_STATUS MSR bit[60] instead reports the current value of
the IA32_MC1_CTL MSR enable bit.
Implication: IA32_MC1_STATUS MSR bit [60] may not reflect the correct state of the
enable bit in the IA32_MC1_CTL MSR at the time of the last update.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB55.
A VM Exit Due to a Fault While Delivering a Software Interrupt May
Save Incorrect Data into the VMCS
Problem:
If a fault occurs during delivery of a software interrupt (INTn) in virtual-8086
mode when virtual mode extensions are in effect and that fault causes a VM
exit, incorrect data may be saved into the VMCS. Specifically, information
about the software interrupt may not be reported in the IDT-vectoring
information field. In addition, the interruptibility-state field may indicate
blocking by STI or by MOV SS if such blocking were in effect before execution
of the INTn instruction or before execution of the VM-entry instruction that
injected the software interrupt.
Implication: In general, VMM software that follows the guidelines given in the section
“Handling VM Exits Due to Exceptions” of Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures
Software Developer’s Manual Volume 3B: System Programming Guide should
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
37
Errata
not be affected. If the erratum improperly causes indication of blocking by
STI or by MOV SS, the ability of a VMM to inject an interrupt may be delayed
by one instruction.
Workaround: VMM software should follow the guidelines given in the section “Handling VM
Exits Due to Exceptions” of Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software
Developer’s Manual Volume 3B: System Programming Guide.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB56.
A VM Exit Occurring in IA-32e Mode May Not Produce a VMX Abort
When Expected
Problem:
If a VM exit occurs while the processor is in IA-32e mode and the “host
address-space size” VM-exit control is 0, a VMX abort should occur. Due to
this erratum, the expected VMX aborts may not occur and instead the VM Exit
will occur normally. The conditions required to observe this erratum are a VM
entry that returns from SMM with the “IA-32e guest” VM-entry control set to
1 in the SMM VMCS and the “host address-space size” VM-exit control cleared
to 0 in the executive VMCS.
Implication: A VM Exit will occur when a VMX Abort was expected.
Workaround: An SMM VMM should always set the “IA-32e guest” VM-entry control in the
SMM VMCS to be the value that was in the LMA bit (IA32_EFER.LMA.LMA[bit
10]) in the IA32_EFER MSR (C0000080H) at the time of the last SMM VM
exit. If this guideline is followed, that value will be 1 only if the “host
address-space size” VM-exit control is 1 in the executive VMCS.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB57.
IRET under Certain Conditions May Cause an Unexpected Alignment
Check Exception
Problem:
In IA-32e mode, it is possible to get an Alignment Check Exception (#AC) on
the IRET instruction even though alignment checks were disabled at the start
of the IRET. This can only occur if the IRET instruction is returning from CPL3
code to CPL3 code. IRETs from CPL0/1/2 are not affected. This erratum can
occur if the EFLAGS value on the stack has the AC flag set, and the interrupt
handler's stack is misaligned. In IA-32e mode, RSP is aligned to a 16-byte
boundary before pushing the stack frame.
Implication: In IA-32e mode, under the conditions given above, an IRET can get a #AC
even if alignment checks are disabled at the start of the IRET. This erratum
can only be observed with a software generated stack frame.
Workaround: Software should not generate misaligned stack frames for use with IRET.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
38
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
AAB58.
PSI# Signal Asserted During Reset
Problem:
Power Status Indicator (PSI) is a feature that, when available, may be used
to enable voltage regulator power savings while idle and in the Deeper Sleep
State (C4 state). Under proper operation the processor will assert the PSI#
signal to indicate that the voltage regulator can enter a higher efficiency
mode of operation. The processor will incorrectly assert the PSI# signal while
the RESET# signal is asserted. This PSI# assertion will extend beyond the
deassertion of the RESET# signal for a short duration (maximum of one
millisecond).
Implication: When this erratum occurs on a platform designed to support PSI, the voltage
regulator will transition to mode of operation that may not be capable of
supplying the necessary voltage and current required by the processor.
Workaround: Do not use PSI# signal without blocking the assertion during the error period
as specified from RESET# assertion to a maximum of 1ms from the
deasserted edge.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB59.
Thermal Interrupts are Dropped During and While Exiting Intel® Deep
Power-Down State
Problem:
Thermal interrupts are ignored while the processor is in Intel Deep PowerDown State as well as during a small window of time while exiting from Intel
Deep Power-Down State. During this window, if the PROCHOT signal is
driven or the internal value of the sensor reaches the programmed thermal
trip point, then the associated thermal interrupt may be lost.
Implication: In the event of a thermal event while a processor is waking up from
Intel Deep Power-Down State, the processor will initiate an appropriate
throttle response. However, the associated thermal interrupt generated may
be lost.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB60.
VM Entry May Fail When Attempting to Set
IA32_DEBUGCTL.FREEZE_WHILE_SMM_EN
Problem:
If bit 14 (FREEZE_WHILE_SMM_EN) is set in the IA32_DEBUGCTL field in the
guest-state area of the VMCS, VM entry may fail as described in Section “VMEntry Failures During or After Loading Guest State” of Intel® 64 and IA-32
Architectures Software Developer’s Manual Volume 3B: System Programming
Guide, Part 2. (The exit reason will be 80000021H and the exit qualification
will be zero.) Note that the FREEZE_WHILE_SMM_EN bit in the guest
IA32_DEBUGCTL field may be set due to a VMWRITE to that field or due to a
VM exit that occurs while IA32_DEBUGCTL.FREEZE_WHILE_SMM_EN=1.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
39
Errata
Implication: A VMM will not be able to properly virtualize a guest using the
FREEZE_WHILE_SMM feature.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Alternatively, the following software workaround may be used. If a VMM
wants to use the FREEZE_WHILE_SMM feature, it can configure an entry in
the VM-entry MSR-load area for the IA32_DEBUGCTL MSR (1D9H); the value
in the entry should set the FREEZE_WHILE_SMM_EN bit. In addition, the
VMM should use VMWRITE to clear the FREEZE_WHILE_SMM_EN bit in the
guest IA32_DEBUGCTL field before every VM entry. (It is necessary to do
this before every VM entry because each VM exit will save that bit as 1.) This
workaround prevents the VM-entry failure and sets the
FREEZE_WHILE_SMM_EN bit in the IA32_DEBUGCTL MSR.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB61.
Processor May Hold-off / Delay a PECI Transaction Longer than
Specified by the PECI Protocol
Problem:
PECI (Platform Environment Control Interface) transactions may be held off
longer than the PECI protocol hold-off limit while the processor is exiting Cstates. This may occur if STPCLK# has been asserted by the system, the
beginning of a PECI message coincides with a C-state transition, and the
processor is executing a long instruction flow. Note that the processor can
still complete the PECI transaction if the host chooses to process the
remainder of the message.
Implication: Due to this erratum, the processor may violate the PECI hold-off protocol.
Workaround: PECI hosts can choose to either complete or not complete PECI transactions
when the processor goes beyond the hold-off limit. The processor generates
the PECI hold-off indication by keeping the PECI bus high when the PECI host
sends the first bit of the address timing negotiation phase. If the PECI host
does not choose to complete the transaction, it should consider the
transaction a failure and retry 1ms after the processor deactivates the holdoff indication.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB62.
VM Entry May Use Wrong Address to Access Virtual-APIC Page
Problem:
When XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK register (XCR0) bit 1 (SSE) is 1, a VM
entry executed with the “use TPR shadow” VM-execution control set to 1 may
use the wrong address to access data on the virtual-APIC page.
Implication: An affected VM entry may exhibit the following behaviors: (1) it may use
wrong areas of the virtual-APIC page to determine whether VM entry fails or
whether it induces a VM exit due to the TPR threshold; or (2) it may clear
wrong areas of the virtual-APIC page.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
40
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
3100 Series Specification Update
Errata
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB63.
XRSTORE Instruction May Cause Extra Memory Reads
Problem:
An XRSTOR instruction will cause non-speculative accesses to XSAVE memory
area locations containing the FCW/FSW and FOP/FTW Floating Point (FP)
registers even though the 64-bit restore mask specified in the EDX:EAX
register pair does not indicate to restore the x87 FPU state.
Implication: Page faults, data breakpoint triggers, etc. may occur due to the unexpected
non-speculative accesses to these memory locations.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB64.
CPUID Instruction May Return Incorrect Brand String
Problem:
When a CPUID instruction is executed with EAX = 8000_0002H, 8000_0003H,
or 8000_0004H, the returned EAX, EBX, ECX, and/or EDX values may be
incorrect.
Implication: When this erratum occurs, the processor may report an incorrect brand
string.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB65.
Global Instruction TLB Entries May Not be Invalidated on a VM Exit or
VM Entry
Problem:
If a VMM is using global page entries (CR4.PGE is enabled and any present
page-directories or page-table entries are marked global), then on a VM
entry, the instruction TLB (Translation Lookaside Buffer) entries caching
global page translations of the VMM may not be invalidated. In addition, if a
guest is using global page entries, then on a VM exit, the instruction TLB
entries caching global page translations of the guest may not be invalidated.
Implication: Stale global instruction linear to physical page translations may be used by a
VMM after a VM exit or a guest after a VM entry.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB66.
When Intel® Deep Power-Down State is Being Used,
IA32_FIXED_CTR2 May Return Incorrect Cycle Counts
Problem:
When the processor is operating at an N/2 core to front side bus ratio, after
exiting an Intel Deep Power-Down State, the internal increment value for
IA32_FIXED_CTR2 (Fixed Function Performance Counter 2, 30BH) will not
take into account the half ratio setting.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
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41
Errata
Implication: Due to this erratum, IA32_FIXED_CTR2 MSR will not return reliable counts
after returning from an Intel Deep Power-Down State.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB67.
Enabling PECI via the PECI_CTL MSR Does Not Enable PECI and May
Corrupt the CPUID Feature Flags
Problem:
Writing PECI_CTL MSR (Platform Environment Control Interface Control
Register) will not update the PECI_CTL MSR (5A0H), instead it will write to
the VMM Feature Flag Mask MSR (CPUID_FEATURE_MASK1, 478H).
Implication: Due to this erratum, PECI (Platform Environment Control Interface) will not
be enabled as expected by the software. In addition, due to this erratum,
processor features reported in ECX following execution of leaf 1 of CPUID
(EAX=1) may be masked. Software utilizing CPUID leaf 1 to verify processor
capabilities may not work as intended.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum. Do not
initialize PECI before processor update is loaded. Also, load processor update
as soon as possible after RESET as documented in the RS – Wolfdale
Processor Family Bios Writers Guide, Section 14.8.3 Bootstrap Processor
Initialization Requirements.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB68.
INIT Incorrectly Resets IA32_LSTAR MSR
Problem:
In response to an INIT reset initiated either via the INIT# pin or an IPI (Inter
Processor Interrupt), the processor should leave MSR values unchanged. Due
to this erratum IA32_LSTAR MSR (C0000082H), which is used by the iA32e
SYSCALL instruction, is being cleared by an INIT reset.
Implication: If software programs a value in IA32_LSTAR to be used by the SYSCALL
instruction and the processor subsequently receives an INIT reset, the
SYSCALL instructions will not behave as intended. Intel has not observed this
erratum in any commercially available software.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB69.
Corruption of CS Segment Register During RSM While Transitioning
From Real Mode to Protected Mode
Problem:
During the transition from real mode to protected mode, if an SMI (System
Management Interrupt) occurs between the MOV to CR0 that sets
PE (Protection Enable, bit 0) and the first far JMP, the subsequent RSM
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Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
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Errata
(Resume from System Management Mode) may cause the lower two bits of
CS segment register to be corrupted.
Implication: The corruption of the bottom two bits of the CS segment register will have no
impact unless software explicitly examines the CS segment register
between enabling protected mode and the first far JMP. Intel® 64 and IA-32
Architectures Software Developer’s Manual Volume 3A: System Programming
Guide, Part 1, in the section titled "Switching to Protected Mode" recommends
the far JMP immediately follows the write to CR0 to enable protected
mode. Intel has not observed this erratum with any commercially available
software.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB70.
LBR, BTS, BTM May Report a Wrong Address when an
Exception/Interrupt Occurs in 64-bit Mode
Problem:
An exception/interrupt event should be transparent to the LBR (Last Branch
Record), BTS (Branch Trace Store) and BTM (Branch Trace Message)
mechanisms. However, during a specific boundary condition where the
exception/interrupt occurs right after the execution of an instruction at the
lower canonical boundary (0x00007FFFFFFFFFFF) in 64-bit mode, the LBR
return registers will save a wrong return address with bits 63 to 48 incorrectly
sign extended to all 1’s. Subsequent BTS and BTM operations which report
the LBR will also be incorrect.
Implication: LBR, BTS and BTM may report incorrect information in the event of an
exception/interrupt.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB71.
The XRSTOR Instruction May Fail to Cause a General-Protection
Exception
Problem:
The XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK register (XCR0) bits [63:9] are reserved and
must be 0; consequently, the XRSTOR instruction should cause a generalprotection exception if any of the corresponding bits in the XSTATE_BV field
in the header of the XSAVE/XRSTOR area is set to 1. Due to this erratum, a
logical processor may fail to cause such an exception if one or more of these
reserved bits are set to 1.
Implication: Software may not operate correctly if it relies on the XRSTOR instruction to
cause a general-protection exception when any of the bits [63:9] in the
XSTATE_BV field in the header of the XSAVE/XRSTOR area is set to 1.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
43
Errata
AAB72.
The XSAVE Instruction May Erroneously Set Reserved Bits in the
XSTATE_BV Field
Problem:
XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK bits [63:9] of register (XCR0) are reserved and
must be 0; consequently the XSAVE instruction should not modify the
corresponding bits of the XSTATE_BV field in the header of the
XSAVE/XRSTOR area. Due to this erratum, a logical processor
may erroneously write 1 to one or more of these reserved bits.
Implication: Software may not operate correctly if it relies on the XSAVE instruction not to
modify bits [63:9] of the XSTATE_BV field in the header of the
XSAVE/XRSTOR area.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB73.
Store Ordering Violation When Using XSAVE
Problem:
The store operations done as part of the XSAVE instruction may cause a store
ordering violation with older store operations. The store operations done to
save the processor context in the XSAVE instruction flow , when XSAVE is
used to store only the SSE context, may appear to execute before the
completion of older store operations.
Implication: Execution of the stores in XSAVE, when XSAVE is used to store SSE context
only, may not follow program order and may execute before older stores.
Intel has not observed this erratum with any commercially available software.
Workaround: None identified.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB74.
Memory Ordering Violation With Stores/Loads Crossing a Cacheline
Boundary
Problem:
When two logical processors are accessing the same data that is crossing a
cacheline boundary without serialization, with a specific set of processor
internal conditions, it is possible to have an ordering violation between
memory store and load operations.
Implication: Due to this erratum, proper load/store ordering may not be followed when
multiple logical processors are accessing the same data that crosses a
cacheline boundary without serialization.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB75.
Unsynchronized Cross-Modifying Code Operations Can Cause
Unexpected Instruction Execution Results
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Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
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Errata
Problem:
The act of one processor, or system bus master, writing data into a currently
executing code segment of a second processor with the intent of having the
second processor execute that data as code is called cross-modifying code
(XMC). XMC that does not force the second processor to execute a
synchronizing instruction, prior to execution of the new code, is called
unsynchronized XMC.
Software using unsynchronized XMC to modify the instruction byte stream of
a processor can see unexpected or unpredictable execution behavior from the
processor that is executing the modified code.
Implication: In this case, the phrase "unexpected or unpredictable execution behavior"
encompasses the generation of most of the exceptions listed in the Intel
Architecture Software Developer's Manual Volume 3: System Programming
Guide, including a General Protection Fault (GPF) or other unexpected
behaviors. In the event that unpredictable execution causes a GPF the
application executing the unsynchronized XMC operation would be terminated
by the operating system.
Workaround: In order to avoid this erratum, programmers should use the XMC
synchronization algorithm as detailed in the Intel Architecture Software
Developer's Manual Volume 3: System Programming Guide, Section: Handling
Self- and Cross-Modifying Code.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
AAB76.
A 64-bit Register IP-relative Instruction May Return Unexpected
Results
Problem:
Under an unlikely and complex sequence of conditions in 64-bit mode, a
register IP-relative instruction result may be incorrect.
Implication: A register IP-relative instruction result may be incorrect and could cause
software to read from or write to an incorrect memory location. This may
result in an unexpected page fault or unpredictable system behavior.
Workaround: It is possible for the BIOS to contain a workaround for this erratum.
Status:
For the steppings affected, see the Summary Tables of Changes.
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Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
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45
Specification Changes
Specification Changes
The Specification Changes listed in this section apply to the following documents:
 Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® E3110 Processor Datasheet
 Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual volumes 1, 2A, 2B,
3A, and 3B
All Specification Changes will be incorporated into a future version of the appropriate
processor documentation.
§
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Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
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Specification Clarifications
Specification Clarifications
The Specification Clarifications listed in this section apply to the following documents:
 Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® E3110 Processor Datasheet
 Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual volumes 1, 2A, 2B, 3A,
and 3B
All Specification Clarifications will be incorporated into a future version of the
appropriate processor documentation.
AAB1.
Clarification of TRANSLATION LOOKASIDE BUFFERS (TLBS)
Invalidation
Section 10.9 INVALIDATING THE TRANSLATION LOOKASIDE BUFFERS (TLBS)
of the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual,
Volume 3A: System Programming Guide will be modified to include the
presence of page table structure caches, such as the page directory cache,
which Intel processors implement. This information is needed to aid
operating systems in managing page table structure invalidations properly.
Intel will update the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's
Manual, Volume 3A: System Programming Guide in the coming months. Until
that time, an application note, TLBs, Paging-Structure Caches, and Their
Invalidation (http://www.intel.com/products/processor/manuals/index.htm),
is available which provides more information on the paging structure caches
and TLB invalidation.
In rare instances, improper TLB invalidation may result in unpredictable
system behavior, such as system hangs or incorrect data. Developers of
operating systems should take this documentation into account when
designing TLB invalidation algorithms. For the processors affected, Intel has
provided a recommended update to system and BIOS vendors to incorporate
into their BIOS to resolve this issue.
§
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series
Specification Update
47
Documentation Changes
Documentation Changes
The Documentation Changes listed in this section apply to the following documents:

Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 3100 Series Datasheet
All Documentation Changes will be incorporated into a future version of the
appropriate processor documentation.
Note: Documentation changes for Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s
Manual volumes 1, 2A, 2B, 3A, and 3B will be posted in a separate document Intel®
64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual Documentation Changes.
Follow the link below to become familiar with this file.
http://www.intel.com/design/processor/specupdt/252046.htm
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Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor
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