Chapter 4 - PLC Communications

PLC
Communications
In This Chapter...
Chapter
4
Introduction...................................................................................... 4–2
PLC Communication Ports Specifications.......................................... 4–3
LED Status Indicators........................................................................ 4–5
3 Steps to Using the CLICK PLC Communications............................ 4–7
Typical Communications Applications............................................... 4–8
W-1: Com Port 1 & 2 (RS-232) Wiring............................................ 4–12
W-2: Com Port 3 Wiring................................................................. 4–17
W-3: Com Port 3 Wiring................................................................. 4–19
C-1: Com Port 1 (RS-232) Setup.................................................... 4–20
C-2: Com Port 1 (Ethernet) Setup................................................... 4–21
C-3: Com Port 2 Setup (Modbus RTU)............................................ 4–22
C-4: Com Port 2 Setup (ASCII)........................................................ 4–23
C-5: Com Port 3 Setup (Modbus RTU)............................................ 4–24
C-6: Com Port 3 Setup (ASCII)....................................................... 4–25
P-1: Modbus Slave (Server) Programming....................................... 4–26
P-2: Modbus Master Programming (Modbus RTU)......................... 4–29
P-3: Modbus Client (Modbus TCP) Programming.......................... 4–34
P-4: ASCII Receive Programming..................................................... 4–40
P-5: ASCII Send Programming......................................................... 4–43
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
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Introduction
This chapter explains the communications ability of the CLICK PLC system for exchanging
data between the PLC unit and other connected serial devices. It covers:
• Electrical connections used for communications
• Networking routing between the PLC and other devices,
• Setting the port communication parameters,
• Selecting the protocols and the available data addressing types to use, and
• Ladder logic program instructions that make it all work together.
CLICK Basic and Standard PLCs have two built-in RS-232 ports. Both ports are 6-pin RJ12
phone type jacks. Port 1 communication parameters are fixed and is used primarily as the
programming port. Port 1 can also be used as a Modbus RTU protocol slave device. Port 2 is
a general purpose port, user configurable, with its communication parameters within CLICK
Programming Software, C0-PGMSW. Port 2 can be used as a Modbus RTU master or slave
protocol device, or handle ASCII data In or Out (ASCII stands for American Standard Code
for Information Interchange and defines a character encoding method for text that is used
in computers and other communication devices. Details can be found by doing a search for
ASCII on the internet).
Standard and Analog PLC versions also have a 3-pin RS-485 port, Port 3. Like Port 2, Port 3
is a general purpose port with its communication parameters being user configurable from the
programming software. Port 3 can be used as a Modbus RTU master or slave protocol device,
or handle ASCII data In or Out.
CLICK Ethernet Basic and Standard PLC units have one built-in Ethernet communications
port and one RS-232 serial communication port. Additionally, Ethernet Standard PLC units
have an RS-485 port.
The CLICK PLC can be networked to other CLICK PLCs, data input devices (barcode readers,
weight scales, etc.), and/or data output devices (serial printers, serial text displays, etc.). It is
also possible to network the CLICK PLC to other 3rd party PLCs and devices that have the
ability to communicate using the Modbus RTU protocol.
The final part of the PLC Communications chapter contains explanations and examples of the
various ways the Send and Receive programming instructions can be used to perform Modbus
RTU protocol and ASCII data communications between devices.
There are three different data addressing types that can be selected when using the Modbus
RTU protocol from the Send and Receive instructions. They are, CLICK addressing, Modbus
984 addressing, or Modbus HEX addressing. The CLICK addressing makes it convenient
to exchange data between CLICK PLCs. The other addressing choices are selected based on
the Modbus protocol addressing the networked devices are using. For details on the Modbus
protocol, visit www.modbus.org.
NOTE: The Modbus RTU Master is identified as the device that controls the exchange of data between itself
and any connected slave device. There can only be one master on the network. When the CLICK PLC is the
master, it is easily identified. It will be the PLC in the network with the Send and/or Receive instructions using
the Modbus protocol in its ladder logic program.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
PLC Communication Ports Specifications
The CLICK PLC units have two or three built-in communications ports.
Basic PLC
Standard and Analog PLCs
Com Port 1
Com Port 1
Com Port 2
Com Port 2
Com Port 3
Port 1
Com Port 1 Specifications
Use: Programming Port
Physical: 6 pin, RJ12, RS-232
Communication speed (baud): 38400 (fixed)
Parity: Odd
Station Address: 1
Data length: 8 bits
Stop bit: 1
Protocol: Modbus RTU (slave only)
Com Port 3 Specifications
Use: Serial Communication
Physical: 3 pin, RS-485
Communication speed (baud): 1200, 2400,
4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200
Parity: odd, even, none
Station Address: 1 to 247
Data length: 8 bits (Modbus RTU) or 7, 8
bits ( ASCII)
Stop bit: 1,2
Protocol: Modbus RTU
(master/slave) or ASCII in/out
1
6
Default
-
Port 1 Pin Descriptions
1
2
3
4
5
6
0V
5V
RXD
TXD
NC
0V
1
2
3
4
5
6
0V
5V
RXD
TXD
RTS
0V
Port 2
1
38400
Odd
1
Power (-) connection (GND)
Power (+) connection
Receive data (RS-232)
Transmit data (RS-232)
No connection
Power (-) connection (GND)
Port 2 Pin Descriptions
6 pin RJ12 Phone
Type Jack
6
Com Port 2 Specifications
Use: Serial Communication
Physical: 6 pin, RJ12, RS-232
Communication speed (baud): 1200, 2400,
4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200
Parity: odd, even, none
Station Address: 1 to 247
Data length: 8 bits (Modbus RTU) or 7, 8
bits (ASCII)
Stop bit: 1,2
Protocol: Modbus RTU
(master/slave) or ASCII in/out
6 pin RJ12 Phone
Type Jack
8 bits
Power (-) connection (GND)
Power (+) connection
Receive data (RS-232)
Transmit data (RS-232)
Request to send
Power (-) connection (GND)
1
Modbus
RTU
Default
38400
Odd
1
Port 3
3 Pin
Terminal Block
Port 3 Pin Descriptions
1
+ (plus) Signal A (RS-485)
2
- (minus) Signal B (RS-485)
3
LG
Logic Ground(0 V)
8 bits
1
Modbus
RTU
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
PLC Communication Ports Specifications (continued)
Ethernet Standard PLC
Ethernet Basic PLC
Com Port 1
Com Port 1
Com Port 2
Com Port 2
Com Port 3
Port 1
Use: Programming and Ethernet Communication
Physical: 8 pin, RJ45, Ethernet
Communication Speed (Mbps): 10/100
8 pin RJ45 Phone
Type Jack
1
Com Port 1 Specifications
8
Protocol: Modbus TCP
Com Port 3 Specifications
Use: Serial Communication
Physical: 3 pin, RS-485
Communication speed (baud): 2400, 4800,
9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200
Parity: odd, even, none
Station Address: 1 to 247
Data length: 8 bits (Modbus RTU) or 7, 8
bits ( ASCII)
Stop bit: 1,2
Protocol: Modbus RTU
(master/slave) or ASCII in/out
4–4
Default
-
Port 1 Pin Descriptions
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2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TX+
TXRX+
NC
NC
RXNC
NC
1
2
3
4
5
6
0V
5V
RXD
TXD
RTS
0V
Port 2
38400
Odd
1
Transmit Data (+)
Transmit Data (-)
Receive Data (+)
Not connected
Not connected
Receive Data (-)
Not connected
Not connected
Port 2 Pin Descriptions
6 pin RJ12 Phone
Type Jack
1
Com Port 2 Specifications
Use: Serial Communication
Physical: 6 pin, RJ12, RS-232
Communication speed (baud): 2400, 4800,
9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200
Parity: odd, even, none
Station Address: 1 to 247
Data length: 8 bits (Modbus RTU) or 7, 8
bits (ASCII)
Stop bit: 1,2
Protocol: Modbus RTU
(master/slave) or ASCII in/out
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1
2
3
4
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8 bits
Power (-) connection (GND)
Power (+) connection
Receive data (RS-232)
Transmit data (RS-232)
Request to send
Power (-) connection (GND)
1
Modbus
RTU
Default
38400
Odd
1
Port 3
3 Pin
Terminal Block
Port 3 Pin Descriptions
1
+ (plus) Signal A (RS-485)
2
- (minus) Signal B (RS-485)
3
LG
Logic Ground(0 V)
8 bits
1
Modbus
RTU
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
LED Status Indicators
LED Status Indicators
There are LED status indicators located to the left of each communication port to indicate port
activity or communications.
Port 1 & 2 LED
Status Indicators
Basic PLC
TX1 and TX2 (Green)
STOP
On The Comm Port is sending data.
PORT1
TX1
Off The Comm Port is not sending data.
RX1
TX2
RX1 and RX2 (Green)
RX2
On The Comm Port is receiving data.
PORT2
Off The Comm Port is not receiving data.
Port 1, 2, & 3 LED
Status Indicators
Standard and Analog PLCs
RUN
ERR
TX1, TX2 and TX3 (Green)
PORT1
TX1
On The Comm Port is sending data.
RX1
Off The Comm Port is not sending data.
TX2
RX2
PORT2
RX1, RX2 and RX3 (Green)
On The Comm Port is receiving data.
Off The Comm Port is not receiving data.
PORT3
RS-485
TX3
RX3
DirectLogic Devices That Do Not Work With CLICK PLCs
The CLICK PLC does not support K-sequence protocol, so the following DirectLogic devices
do not work with the CLICK PLC:
D2-HPP
D4-HPP-1
DV-1000
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LED Status Indicators (continued)
Port 1 & 2 LED
Status Indicators
LNK/ACT LED (Green)
On
Connected to the network
Blink Communicating
Off
PORT1
Disconnected from the network
PORT2
Off
Communicating at 10Mbps or
disconnected from the network
S
STOP
ERR
100MBIT LED (Orange)
Communicating at 100Mbps
Ethernet Basic PLCs
RUN
LNK/ACT
ETHER
NET
100MBIT
On
RU
R
RUN
PWR
TX2
RX2
RS-232
RS
232
TX2 (Green)
On The Comm Port is sending data.
Off The Comm Port is not sending data.
RX2 (Green)
On The Comm Port is receiving data.
Off The Comm Port is not receiving data.
Port 1, 2, & 3 LED
Status Indicators
LNK/ACT LED (Green)
On
Connected to the network
Ethernet Standard PLCs
Blink Communicating
Off
Disconnected from the network
RUN
ERR
100MBIT LED (Orange)
On
Communicating at 100Mbps
Off
Communicating at 10Mbps or
disconnected from the network
STOP
PORT1
LNK/ACT
ETHER
NET
100MBIT
PORT2
TX2
RX2
TX2 and TX3 (Green)
On The Comm Port is sending data.
Off The Comm Port is not sending data.
RS-232
PORT3
TX3
RX3
RS-485
+
_
LG
RX2 and RX3 (Green)
On The Comm Port is receiving data.
Off The Comm Port is not receiving data.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
3 Steps to Using the CLICK PLC Communications
We offer an easy 3-step method for using the communication features of the CLICK PLC.
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2
Com Port
Programming
Wiring
Setup Pages C-x
Pages
Pages
W-x
P-x
3
The following pages show the devices that you may connect to the CLICK PLC Com ports.
Use the table below to locate information on communications for your particular application.
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As you can see in the table, each step has subcategories. For each step, find the subcategory
description that best describes your application. Use the subcategory references (W-x, C-x,
5
and P-x.) to find more information on these topics in this chapter. See the example below.
CLICK PLC Communications
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Subcategory
Step
Subcategory
Description
Page
Reference
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W-1
Step 1
W-2
Wiring
W-3
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C-1
C-2
9
C-3
Step 2
Com Port Setup
C-4
C-5
10
C-6
P-1
11
P-2
Step 3
P-3
Programming
12
P-4
P-5
13
Example:
To connect a barcode reader that sends ASCII data to Com Port 2:
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Refer to these three reference page sections.
A
W-1 C-4 P-4
B
C
D
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Com port 1 & 2 (RS-232)
Com port 1 (Ethernet)
Com port 3 (RS-485)
Com port 1 (RS-232) setup
Com port 1 (Ethernet) setup
Com port 2 setup (Modbus RTU)
Com port 2 setup (ASCII)
Com port 3 setup (Modbus RTU)
Com port 3 setup (ASCII)
Modbus Slave (Server) programming
Modbus Master programming (Modbus RTU)
Modbus Client programming (Modbus TCP)
ASCII Receive programming
ASCII Send programming
4-12
4-17
4-20
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-25
4-26
4-27
4-30
4-32
4-36
4-39
Barcode
Reader
Com Port 2
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Typical Communication Applications
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The diagrams on the following four pages illustrate the typical uses for the CLICK PLC’s
communication ports. Typical serial communication applications are continued on the next
three pages.
Port 1 (RS-232) – Modbus RTU Slave Mode Only
Port 1
PC
Another CLICK PLC
Basic, Standard and
Analog PLCs
Other Devices
Supporting Modbus RTU
Master Mode
W-1 C-1
C-more Micro-Graphic panels
(monochrome models only) can get 5 VDC
power from RS-232 Port.
Example
P-1
C-more Micro-Graphic
Panel (Monochrome
models only)
Port 1
DV-1000CBL
serial cable
Port
1 or 2
RS-232
Port
C-more and C-more
Micro-Graphic Panel
The Color Micro-Graphic panel or the
second Monochrome Micro-Graphic
panel needs a separate 24 VDC power
source (see the note below).
NOTE: CLICK’s RS-232 port can provide 5 VDC to power one monochrome Micro-Graphic panel. If two
C-more Micro-Graphic panels are connected to both ports, then at least one of the panels must be powered
by a C-more Micro DC power adapter, EA-MG-P1 or EA-MG-SP1, or another 24 VDC power source. Color
C-more Micro-Graphic panels must also be powered from a separate 24 VDC source.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Port 1 (Ethernet) – Modbus TCP
Modbus TCP Client (Master) Devices
Port 1
Another CLICK
Ethernet PLC
PC
Other Devices
Supporting
Modbus TCP
Client Mode
All Ethernet PLCs
C-more Panel
W-2 C-2
P-1
Modbus TCP Server (Slave) Devices
ViewMarq Display
SR55 Soft Starter
GS1 Drive
Other Devices Supporting
Modbus TCP Server Mode
Another CLICK
Ethernet PLC
W-2 C-2
P-3
GS3 Drive
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Port 2 (RS-232) – Modbus RTU or ASCII
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2
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C
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Port 2
Modbus RTU
Modbus RTU Master Devices
PC
All PLCs
Another CLICK PLC
See Note on previous page about
connecting a C-more Micro-Graphic
panel to RS-232 Port.
ASCII
C-more and C-more
Micro-Graphic Panel
Other Devices
Supporting Modbus RTU
Master Mode
Devices that SEND ASCII messages
Other devices
that can send
ASCII data.
Barcode
Reader
W-1 C-3
P-1
Weight Scale
W-1 C-4
P-4
Modbus RTU Slave Devices
Devices that RECEIVE ASCII messages
Serial Printer
Serial Text
Display
W-1 C-4
4–10
Other devices
that can receive
ASCII data.
P-5
Other Devices
Supporting Modbus RTU
Slave Mode
Another CLICK PLC
W-1 C-3
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P-2
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Port 3 (RS-485 – Modbus RTU or ASCII)
Modbus RTU
Port 3
Modbus RTU Master Devices
Standard,Analog
and Ethernet PLC
PC
Another CLICK PLC
C-more and C-more
Micro-Graphic Panel
Other Devices
Supporting Modbus RTU
Master Mode
ASCII
Devices that SEND ASCII messages
Barcode
Reader
Other devices
that can send
ASCII data.
W-3 C-5
P-1
Weigh Scale
W-3 C-6
P-4
Modbus RTU Slave Devices
Other Devices
Supporting
Modbus RTU
Slave Mode
Devices that RECEIVE ASCII messages
Serial Printer
Serial Text
Display
W-3 C-6
Other devices
that can receive
ASCII data.
P-5
Another CLICK PLC
SOLO Temperature
Controller
W-3 C-5
P-2
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Com Port 1 and Com Port 2 have very similar pin layouts; the only difference is that Port 2 has
a RTS signal output, which Port 1 does not have.
0V
5V
RXD
TXD
NC
0V
Power (-) connection (GND)
Power (+) connection
Receive data (RS-232)
Transmit data (RS-232)
No connection
Power (-) connection (GND)
6 pin RJ12 Phone
Type Jack
1
Port 1 Pin Descriptions
1
2
3
4
5
6
6
1
6 pin RJ12 Phone
Type Jack
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1
2
3
4
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W-1 W-1: Com Port 1 & 2 (RS-232) Wiring
Port 2 Pin Descriptions
1
2
3
4
5
6
0V
5V
RXD
TXD
RTS
0V
Power (-) connection (GND)
Power (+) connection
Receive data (RS-232)
Transmit data (RS-232)
Request to send
Power (-) connection (GND)
NOTE: Both Com ports can provide 5 VDC; however, the 5 VDC power can be used only for the C-more
Micro-Graphic panel. AutomationDirect does not guarantee that the CLICK PLC will work correctly when any
other device uses 5 VDC from these Com ports. Please also remember these Com ports can provide enough
power only for one C-more Micro-Graphic panel. If you are going to connect a C-more Micro-Graphic panel
to each Com port (2 panels in total), you must obtain power from a separate 5 VDC power source for the
second C-more Micro-Graphic panel.
Wiring Strategy
4–12
The following pages cover five case scenarios for connecting com ports 1 or 2 to:
• Case 1: Connect Com Port 1 or 2 to a PC.
• Case 2: Connect Com Port 1 or 2 to another CLICK PLC.
• Case 3: Connect Com Port 2 to a C-more or C-more Micro-Graphic panel.
• Case 4: Connect Com Port 2 to an RS-232 port on another device.
• Case 5: Connect Com Port 3 to an RS-422 or RS485 port on another device(s).
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Case 1: Connect Com Port 1 or 2 to a PC.
You can connect Com Port 1 or 2 to a serial com port or USB port on the PC.
1. Connect to a serial port
CLICK PLC
PC
PC Serial
Programming Cable
D2-DSCBL
2. Connect to a USB port
CLICK PLC
PC to Panel Programming
Cable Assembly
(Includes serial & USB cables)
EA-MG-PGM-CBL
PC
Serial
Cable
USB to RS232
Converter
USB
Cable
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Case 2: Connect Com Port 1 or 2 to another CLICK PLC
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CLICK PLC
CLICK PLC
D0-CBL Cable
You can use cable D0-CBL.
In this configuration, one of the CLICK PLC units needs to be the network master and the
other is the network slave. Connect the D0-CBL on Com Port 2 on the master PLC unit side.
Warning: The ZL-RJ12-CBL-2 cable cannot be used for this purpose.
Case 3: Connect Com Port 1 or 2 to a C-more or C-more Micro-Graphic panel
Please use the following cables to make your connections.
C-more Graphic Panel
C-more Touch panels
C-more Micro-Graphic
Panels
4–14
Cable Part Number
EA-2CBL (3m) or OP-2CBL (2m)
DV-1000CBL if the panel receives 5 VDC power from the CLICK PLC com port. (Monochrome
panels only; color panels must be powered from a separate 24 VDC power source. Please refer
to the note on page 4-6 for details.)
EA-2CBL (3m) or OP-2CBL (2m) if the panel receives 24 VDC power from other source.
C-more Micro-Graphic
Panel (Monochrome
models only)
Port 1
DV-1000CBL
serial cable
Port 1 or 2
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Case 4: Connect Com Port 1 or 2 to an RS-232 port on another device
You need to cross the RTD and TXD signal lines and connect 0V on both com ports.
CLICK Com
Port 1 or 2
RS-232 Port on
Another Device
1 0V
3 RXD
4 TXD
0V
RXD
TXD
You can make your own cable. However, we offer two products that make your wiring much
easier:
1. ZIPLink feed-through module and cable
CLICK PLC
ZL-RTB-RJ12
ZL-RJ12-CBL-2
2. ZIPLink pig-tail cable
CLICK PLC
Pigtail
ZL-RJ12-CBL-2P
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Case 5: Connect Com Port 1 or 2 to an RS-422 or RS485 port on another
device(s).
4–16
You need a RS-232 to RS-422/485 converter in this case. We recommend our FA-ISOCON
as the converter.
FA-ISOCON
CLICK PLC
Cable included
with FA-ISOCON
Connect to RS-422/RS-485
ports on other devices
The recommended cables to connect the FA-ISOCON to other devices:
• Belden 8103 for the RS-422
• Belden 9842 for 2-wire RS-485
• Belden 9843 for 4-wire RS-485
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
W-2 W-2: Com Port 1 (Ethernet) Wiring
Com Port 1 (Ehternet) supports 10/100 Base-T Ethernet with an RJ-45 syle connector.
Port 1 Pin Descriptions
8
1
8 pin RJ45 Phone
Type Jack
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TX+
TXRX+
NC
NC
RXNC
NC
Transmit Data (+)
Transmit Data (-)
Receive data (+)
Not connected
Not connected
Receive Data (-)
No connection
No connection
You can use both straight and cross over cables with Com Port 1.
Wiring Strategy
• Case 1: Connect Com Port 1 to a device that supports Modbus TCP protocol directly
such as a PC.
• Case 2: Connect Com Port 1 to other devices that support the Modbus TCP protocol
via a switch or hub.
Case 1: Connect Com Port 1 to a device that supports the Modbus TCP
protocol directly such as a PC.
In this illustration an Ethernet PLC unit is connected directly to a PC.
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Case 2: Connect Com Port 1 to other devices that support the Modbus TCP
protocol via a switch or hub.
4–18
NOTE: Com Port 1 can communicate with any number of servers (slaves) using the Receive and/or Send
instructions. However, Com Port 1 can communicate with up to 4 servers at tthe same time. If the ladder
program has sent a message to 4 different servers and tries to send a message to another server, the CLICK
PLC unit disconnects the first server and establishes a connection with the new server, maintaining a total
of 4 servers.
NOTE: Com Port 1 can communicate with up to 3 clients (masters). If a client attempts to establish
communication with Com Port 1 while it is communicating with 3 clients, the CLICK PLC unit replies with
an error to the forth client.
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
W-3 W-3: Com Port 3 Wiring
Com Port 3 supports 2-wire RS-485.
3 Pin
Terminal Block
Port 3 Pin Descriptions
1 + (plus)
2 - (minus)
3 LG
Signal A (RS-485)
Signal B (RS-485)
Logic Ground (0 V)
Wiring Strategy
You need to connect all + signal terminals in the network together. You will also need to
connect all – signal terminals together. It is optional to connect the logic ground.
RS-485 Port on
another device
CLICK
Com Port 3
+
–
LG
RS-485 Port on
another device
+
–
LG
RS-485
+
–
LG
Add a termination
resistor between the
+ and – terminals on
the last device.
Optional (Some devices may
not have this terminal.)
Add a termination resistor between
the + and – terminals on Port 3.
NOTE: The resistance of the termination resistors needs to match the impedance of the communication
cable.
NOTE: Use a repeater if connecting more than 32 slaves to Port 3.
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Com Port 1 (RS-232) Setup
C-1 C-1:
Com Port 1 has a fixed setup as shown below. This com port works as a Modbus RTU slave
4–20
only. If you want to connect an external device to this com port, please make sure the external
device can be a Modbus RTU master and that the com port setup matches the following setup.
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
C-2 C-2: Com Port 1 (Ethernet) Setup
Wiring Strategy
Before you set up this communication port, you must connect a PC loaded with CLICK
programming software to the CLICK PLC Port 1 using an Ethernet cable or to the CLICK
PLC Port 2 using a D2-DSCBL or EA-MG-PGM-CBL programming cable. Refer to
Chapter 1: Getting Started for step-by-step instructions on this connection. Once the PC and
programming software are online with the CLICK PLC, select the Function tab located in the
Navigation window and double click “Com Port 1 Setup” as shown below.
Selecct the Function tab,
then double click Com
Prort 1 Setup.
The Com Port Setup Details dialog box will come into view as shown below
Setup the parameters to
match your application.
Click the Help
button for online
Com Port Setup
Details help.
NOTE: The communication port settings are saved in the project file. The project must be transferred to the
CLICK PLC in order for any port setting changes to take effect.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
C-3
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C-3: Com Port 2 Setup (Modbus RTU)
Before you set up the communication ports you must connect the PC with the CLICK
programming software to the CLICK PLC Port 1 using a D2-DSCBL or EA-MG-PGM-CBL
programming cable. Refer to Chapter 1: Getting Started for step-by-step instructions for this
connection. Once the PC and programming software are online with the CLICK PLC, click
the Function tab located in the Navigation window and double click Com Port 2 Setup as
shown below.
Select the Function tab,
then double click Com
Port 2 Setup.
The Com Port Setup Details dialog box will come into view as shown below.
Select Modbus.
Set up the
parameters to match
other devices in the
same network.
Make any
adjustments here
to eliminate Com
errors.
4–22
Click the Help button
for Com Port Setup
Details online help.
Find the Basic Configuration section in the dialog box and set up the parameters to match other
devices in the same network. The dialog box also has a section named Advanced Configuration.
You may need to make adjustments to these parameters to overcome communication errors
which may occur.
IMPORTANT: The communication port settings are saved in the project file. The project must be transferred
to the CLICK PLC in order for any port setting changes to take effect.
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
C-4 C-4: Com Port 2 Setup (ASCII)
Before you set up the communication ports you must connect the PC with the CLICK
programming software to the CLICK PLC Port 1 using a D2-DSCBL or EA-MG-PGM-CBL
programming cable. Refer to Chapter 1: Getting Started for step-by-step instructions for this
connection. Once the PC and programming software are online with the CLICK PLC, click
the Function tab located in the Navigation window and double click Com Port 2 Setup as
shown below.
Select the Function
tab, then double click
Com Port 2 Setup.
The Com Port Setup Details dialog box will come into view as shown below.
Select ASCII.
Set up the
parameters to match
the device connected
to Port 2.
Make any
adjustments here
to eliminate com
errors.
Click the Help button
for Com Port Setup
Details online help.
Find the Basic Configuration section in the dialog box and set up the parameters to match the
device connected to Port 2. The dialog box also has a section named Advanced Configuration.
You may need to make adjustments to these parameters to overcome communication errors
which may occur.
IMPORTANT: The communication port settings are saved in the project file. The project must be transferred
to the CLICK PLC in order for any port setting changes to take effect.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
C-5 C-5: Com Port 3 Setup (Modbus RTU)
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Before you set up the communication ports you must connect the PC with the CLICK
programming software to the CLICK PLC Port 1 using a D2-DSCBL or EA-MG-PGM-CBL
programming cable. Refer to Chapter 1: Getting Started for step-by-step instructions for this
connection. Once the PC and programming software are online with the CLICK PLC, click
the Function tab located in the Navigation window and double click Com Port 3 Setup as
shown below.
Select the Function
tab, then double click
Com Port 3 Setup.
The Com Port Setup Details dialog box will come into view as shown below.
Select Modbus.
Set up the
parameters to match
other devices in the
same network.
Make any
adjustments here
to eliminate com
errors.
4–24
Click the Help button
for Com Port Setup
Details online help.
Find the Basic Configuration section in the dialog box and set up the parameters to match other
devices in the same network. The dialog box also has a section named Advanced Configuration.
You may need to make adjustments to these parameters to overcome communication errors
which may occur.
IMPORTANT: The communication port settings are saved in the project file. The project must be transferred
to the CLICK PLC in order for any port setting changes to take effect.
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
C-6 C-6: Com Port 3 Setup (ASCII)
Before you set up the communication ports you must connect the PC with the CLICK
programming software to the CLICK PLC Port 1 using a D2-DSCBL or EA-MG-PGM-CBL
programming cable. Refer to Chapter 1: Getting Started for step-by-step instructions for this
connection. Once the PC and programming software are online with the CLICK PLC, click
the Function tab located in the Navigation window and double click Com Port 3 Setup as
shown below.
The Com Port Setup Details dialog box will come into view as shown below.
Select the Function
tab, then double click
Com Port 3 Setup.
Find the Basic Configuration section in the dialog box and set up the parameters to match the
device connected to Port 3.
Select ASCII.
Set up the
parameters to match
the device connected
to Port 3.
Click the Help button
for Com Port Setup
Details online help.
IMPORTANT: The communication port settings are saved in the project file. The project must be transferred
to the CLICK PLC in order for any port setting changes to take effect.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
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P-1
P-1: Modbus Slave (Server) Programming
Ladder Program
To use a CLICK PLC as a Modbus slave (server), you don’t need any special ladder program.
Set up the communication port properly and you just need an End instruction in the ladder
program to put the PLC in Run mode.
However, you can add any additional ladder program to let the slave CLICK PLC control
something by itself. For instance, you may want to shut down the outputs on the slave (server)
CLICK PLC should it lose communication with the Modbus master (client).
Note: The Modbus master can communicate with the Modbus slave CLICK PLC without any ladder program.
However, output points on the Modbus slave CLICK PLC cannot be turned on if the PLC is not in the Run
mode. Because of this, we recommend having at least one End instruction and to put the PLC in Run mode.
Lost Communication Situation
4–26
You may want to detect if there is something happening at the Modbus master side that
stops communication with the Modbus slaves. Or, the communication cable might have
been disconnected. In this situation, you may want the Modbus slaves to take an action.
For instance, you may want to shut down the outputs on the slave CLICK PLC when the
communication with the Modbus master is lost. We offer an easy method to accomplish this.
The CLICK keeps counting how long it has been since each com port received a message from
the Modbus master, and enters the time duration in the following system data registers.
System Data Registers
System Data Register
Nickname
Range
SD41
SD51
SD61
_Port1_No_Comm_Time
_Port2_No_Comm_Time
_Port3_No_Comm_Time
0 - 32767 (sec)
0 - 32767 (sec)
0 - 32767 (sec)
Each register is reset to zero automatically when the com port receives a message from the
Modbus master. Then its value increments by 1 per second until the com port receives another
message from the Modbus master. If one of these registers has 60 as its value, it means the com
port has not received any message from the Modbus master for 60 seconds. You can use this
info to shut down the outputs on the slave CLICK PLC. Here is an example program.
This contact is on when com port 1
has not received any message from
the Modbus master for 60 seconds.
Reset the outputs Y001 to Y006.
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Modbus Addressing
Each of the memory addresses in the CLICK (X1, DS1, etc.) has a unique Modbus address.
This means the network master in the Modbus network can access any memory address in the
slave CLICK PLC. The best way to check which Modbus address is assigned to a particular
CLICK memory address is to use the CLICK programming software.
Click the Program tab located in the Navigation window and double click Address Picker as
shown below.
After the Address Picker window opens, check the option Display MODBUS Address on the
right bottom.
Select the Program tab,
then double click
Address Picker.
These are the Modbus
addresses. The numbers in
the parenthesis indicate which
function codes can be used for
each memory address.
Check the option
Display Modbus
Address.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Exception Response (Exception Code)
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When the slave CLICK PLC receives a request from the Modbus master that it cannot respond
to, the slave CLICK PLC sends an exception response to the Modbus master. The CLICK
PLC supports the following Exception Responses.
Exception Response (Exception Code)
Code
Name
Details of Exception Response
01
Illegal Function
The CLICK PLC does not support the function code received from the MODBUS
master.
02
Illegal Data Address
The MODBUS master tried to access to an invalid address.
03
Illegal Data Value
The data length is zero or exceeds the maximum size.
The data for Write Single Coil is not FF00h (ON) or 0000h (OFF).
The PLC mode change request from the MODBUS master is not valid.
04
Slave Device Failure
Password is locked.
When the PLC mode switch is in STOP position, the MODBUS master
requested to switch to RUN mode.
When the PLC mode switch is in RUN position, the MODBUS master requested
to switch to the Firmware Update mode.
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
P-2
P-2: Modbus Master Programming (Modbus RTU)
Instructions
The CLICK PLC has two instructions to exchange data with external Modbus devices through
the com ports; the Receive and Send instructions.
• Receive instruction: Read data from an external Modbus device.
• Send instruction: Write data to external Modbus device(s).
To use these instructions, double click Receive or Send in the Instruction List window as
shown below.
Instruction List
Double click Receive or Send
in the Instruction List to use it
in the ladder program.
Select the Com Port that you are going to use and confirm the Protocol is MODBUS.
Select the Com
Port to use.
Protocol needs to
be MODBUS.
If the Protocol is not MODBUS, click the Com Port Setup button to open the Com Port Setup
Details window and change the Protocol to MODBUS. If the Protocol selection is grayed out
as shown below, it means the Com Port is used by another Receive and/or Send instruction in
the ladder program. You cannot change the Protocol setup until you delete those instructions.
Grayed out
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
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When you open the Receive or Send instruction in the Modbus mode, their windows should
look like this. For the explanation of each setup parameter, please click the Help button on
the bottom right.
Click the Help button
to get detailed
information on this
setup window.
Com Port Status Indicators
The CLICK PLC has the following System Control Relays to indicate the status of the Com
Ports.
System Control Relays
Address
Nickname
SC100
SC101
SC102
SC103
_Port_2_Ready_Flag
_Port_2_Error_Flag
_Port_3_Ready_Flag
_Port_3_Error_Flag
Description
On when Port 2 is ready.
On when Port 2 has a communication error.
On when Port 3 is ready.
On when Port 3 has a communication error.
Example Program
4–30
The ladder program to use these Receive and Send instructions are easy. You just need one NO
(Normally Open) contact instruction to check if the com port is ready to receive or send data.
When Com Port 2 is ready, the Receive
instruction is executed. This also
applies to the Send instruction.
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Interlocking
If you are going to use more than one Receive and/or Send instruction with a serial
communication port, you need to be sure only one of the instructions is enabled at any point
during the operation. The technique to execute more than one Receive and/or Send instructions
in order is called ‘Interlocking’. When the Interlocking sample program below is executed, the
two Receive instructions and two Send instructions are executed one by one.
Example Program: Interlocking with Two Slaves
In this example, Port 3 on the CLICK PLC unit communicates with two MODBUS slaves. The
slave IDs (node numbers) are 1 and 2. The CLICK PLC unit executes one Receive instruction
and one Send instruction with each MODBUS slave.
RS-485 Network
Port 3
MODBUS Slave #2
MODBUS Slave #1
1. Execute the Receive instruction.
2. Execute the Send instruction.
3. Execute the Receive instruction.
4. Execute the Send instruction.
Continue this cycle.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Example Program: Interlocking with Two Slaves (Continued)
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Example Program: Interlocking with Two Slaves (Continued)
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
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P-3 P-3: Modbus Client (Modbus TCP) Programming
4–34
Instructions
The CLICK PLC has two instructions to exchange data with Modbus servers through the Com
Port 1; the Receive and Send instructions.
• Receive instruction: Read data from external Modbus server.
• Send instruction: Write data to external Modbus server(s).
To use these instructions, double click Receive or Send in the Instruction List window as
shown below.
Instruction List
Double click Receive or Send
in the instruction List to use it
in the ladder program.
Select Com Port 1 that you are going to use.
Select Com Port 1
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
When you open the Receive or Send instruction in the Modbus mode, their windows should
look like this. For the explanation of each setup parameter, please click the Help button on
the bottom right.
Click the Help button to get
detailed information on this
setup window.
Com Port Status Indicators
The CLICK PLC has the following System Control Relays to indicate the status of
Com Port 1.
System Control Relays
Address
SC90
SC91
SC92
SC93
SC94
SC95
Nickname
_Port_1_Ready_Flag
_Port_1_Error_Flag
_Port_1_Clients_Limit
_Port_1_IP_Resolved
_Port_1_Link_Flag
_Port_1_100MBIT_Flag
Description
ON when Port 1 is ready.
ON when Port 1 has a communication error.
ON when Port 1 is communicationg with 3 clients.
ON when Port 1 obtains an IP address.
ON when Port 1 is connected to an Ethernet netwrok.
ON when Port 1 is communicationg at 100Mbps.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Example Program
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4–36
The ladder program to use these Receive and Send instructions are easy. You just need one
NO (Normally Open) contact instruction to check if the com port is ready to receive or send
data.
When Com Port 1 is ready, the Receive
instruction is executed. This also applies to
the Send instruction.
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Interlocking
If you are going to use more than one Receive and/or Send instruction with the same
server(slave), you need to be sure only one of the instructions is enabled at any point during
the operation. The technique to execute more than one Receive and/or Send instructions in
order is called ‘Interlocking’. When the Interlocking sample program below is executed, one
Receive instruction and one Send instruction is executed one-by-one for each server.
Example Program: Interlocking with Two Servers
Ethernet Network
Port 1
Server
(IP Address = 10.11.0.3)
Server
(IP Address = 10.11.0.4)
1. Execute the Receive instruction.
1. Execute the Receive instruction.
2. Execute the Send instruction.
2. Execute the Send instruction.
Continue these steps.
Continue these steps.
Note: Port 1 can establish the connection with up to 4 servers at the same time.
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Example Program: Interlocking with a Server (Continued)
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
Example Program: Interlocking with a Server (Continued)
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
P-4 P-4: ASCII Receive Programming
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Instruction
The Receive instruction allows the CLICK PLC to read ASCII message from an external device.
To use this instruction, double click Receive in the Instruction List window as shown below.
Instruction List
Double click Receive in the
Instruction List to use it in the
ladder program.
Select the Com Port that you are going to use and confirm the Protocol is ASCII.
Select the Com
Port to use.
Protocol needs to
be ASCII.
If the Protocol is not ASCII, click the Com Port Setup button to open the Com Port Setup
Details window and change the Protocol to ASCII. If the Protocol selection is grayed out as
shown below, it means the Com Port is used by another Receive and/or Send instruction in
the ladder program. You cannot change the Protocol setup until you delete those instructions.
Grayed out
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
When you open the Receive instruction in the ASCII mode, the window should look like this.
For the explanation of each setup parameter, please click the Help button on the bottom right
Click the Help button
to get the detailed
information of this
setup window.
Example 1: Read ASCII message from a barcode reader.
With the following example program, when C1 is ON, the Receive instruction is activated and
Com Port 2 waits for an ASCII message from the barcode reader. When Com Port 2 receives
an ASCII message and it includes the termination character (CR = Carriage Return in this
example), C2 is turned on and the received ASCII message is copied to TXT1 address.
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Barcode
Reader
A
B
C
CR
Copied
TXT1
A
TXT2
B
TXT3
C
SD50
3
System Data Register SD50
stores the number of received
characters for Port 2.
Example 2: Retrieve numerical data from the received ASCII message.
4–42
When numerical data is included in the received ASCII message, you may want to retrieve
the numerical data and copy into a data register. The Copy instruction can be used for this
purpose.
In this example, received ASCII message is stored in TXT1 to TXT6. This ASCII message
includes a numerical data ‘1.23’ as ASCII characters from TXT3 to TXT6. The Copy
instruction converts those ASCII characters into the equivalent numerical data and copies into
data register DF1.
TXT1
A
TXT2
B
TXT3
1
TXT4
.
TXT5
2
TXT6
3
Use Pack Mode
Converted & Copied
DF1
1.23
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
Chapter 4: PLC Communications
P-5 P-5: ASCII Send Programming
Instruction
The Send instruction allows the CLICK PLC to send ASCII messages to an external device. To
use this instruction, double click Send in the Instruction List window as shown below.
Instruction List
Double click Send in the
Instruction List to use it in the
ladder program.
Select the Com Port that you are going to use and confirm the Protocol is ASCII.
Select the Com
Port to use.
Protocol needs to
be ASCII.
If the Protocol is not ASCII, click the Com Port Setup button to open the Com Port Setup
Details window and change the Protocol to ASCII. If the Protocol selection is grayed out as
shown below, it means the Com Port is used by another Receive and/or Send instruction the
ladder program. You cannot change the Protocol setup until you delete those instructions.
Grayed out
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Chapter 4: PLC Communications
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When you open the Send instruction in the ASCII mode, the window should look like this.
For the explanation of each setup parameter, please click the Help button on the bottom right.
Click the Help button
to get detailed
information on this
setup window.
Example: Send ASCII message to a serial printer.
4–44
With the following example program, when status of C1 changes from OFF to ON, the Send
instruction sends ASCII message ‘ABC’ and the termination character (CR = Carriage Return
in this example). C2 is turned on when sending the ASCII message is completed.
CLICK PLC Hardware User Manual, 5th Edition, Rev. A – C0-USER-M
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