Thank You…. …for purchasing an Edelbrock Nitrous Oxide Injection

Thank You….
…for purchasing an Edelbrock Nitrous Oxide Injection System.
Nitrous Oxide injection is one of the most exciting performance enhancements, for the dollar invested, on the market today.
With the use of nitrous oxide come some important safety considerations. This manual has been written to help you during
the installation and use of your Edelbrock Nitrous System. Please read it completely before you install and use your
system. Please pay close attention to the safety information at the beginning of each section. The information contained
there specifically pertains to each of the components and installation methodologies within the section.
Please take the time to read and understand the following….
By installing your Edelbrock Nitrous System, you indicate you have read this document and you agree with the terms stated
below:
It is the responsibility of the purchaser to follow all installation instruction guidelines and safety procedures supplied with
the Edelbrock Nitrous Systems. It is also the responsibility of the purchaser to determine the compatibility of the product
with the vehicle or the device on which the purchaser intends to install it.
Edelbrock Corporation assumes no responsibility for damages occurring from misuse, abuse, improper installation,
improper operation, lack of responsible care, or all previously-stated reasons resulting from incompatibility with other
manufacturer’s products and/or systems.
Edelbrock Corporation neither recommends nor condones the use of products manufactured or sold by Edelbrock
Corporation for use on vehicles, which may be driven on public roads or highways, and assumes no responsibility for
damages incurred by such use.
Edelbrock Corporation assumes no responsibility for damages incurred by the use of products manufactured or sold by
Edelbrock Corporation on vehicles used for competition or racing.
Edelbrock General Warranty
It is the constant endeavor of Edelbrock Corporation to give our customers the highest quality products obtainable.
Edelbrock warrants each new product, except Performer Series Carburetors, Race Division Parts, Tubular Exhaust
Systems, RPM Series Mufflers, Cat-Back Systems and Performer IAS Shock Absorbers which are warranted separately,
to be free from defects in both workmanship and material for a period of one (1) year from the date of purchase, provided
that the product is properly installed, subjected to normal use and service and that the product is not modified or changed
in any way, negligence by customer or installer or used for racing or competition purposes.
Our warranty service and repair facility is located at 2700 California Street, Torrance, California 90503. Customers who
believe they have a defective product should either return it to the dealer from which it was purchased or ship it directly to
Edelbrock along with proof of purchase and a complete description of the problem. The product must be returned freight
pre-paid. If a thorough inspection of the product by the factory indicates defects in workmanship or material, our sole
obligation shall be to repair or replace the product. Warranty covers only the product itself and not the cost of installation
or removal.
Edelbrock Corporation shall not be liable for any and all consequential damages occasioned by the breach of any
written or implied warranty pertaining to this sale in excess of the purchase price of the product sold.
If you have any questions regarding a product or installation, please contact our Technical Department, toll free
at 1-800-416-8628 from 7:00am to 5:00pm PST, Monday through Friday.
Thank you again for choosing Edelbrock Nitrous Systems.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
CHRYSLER PT CRUISER / DODGE NEON PERFORMER
EFI SERIES NITROUS SYSTEM
Catalog Part #70600
Table of Contents
Page #
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
a.
Before You Install Your Edelbrock Nitrous System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
b.
What is Nitrous Oxide? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
c.
Safety Tips for Working with Nitrous Oxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Introduction to the Edelbrock Nitrous Systems Kit
1.1
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.2
Jet Map Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.3
Engine Operation Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.4
Chrysler PT Cruiser/Dodge Neon Performer EFI Series Kit Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Performer EFI Series Nitrous System Installation
2.1
Nitrous Bottle Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.2
Nitrous Bottle Mounting Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.3
Nitrous Bottle Orientation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.4
Nitrous Bottle Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.5
Nitrous Feed Line Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.6
Solenoid Mounting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.7
Nitrous Spray Nozzle Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.8
Fuel Pressure Safety Switch Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Electrical System Installation
3.1
Nitrous Electrical Kit Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.2
Nomenclature Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.3
Nitrous Electrical System Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.4
Nitrous Electrical System Installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.5
Nitrous Relay and Fuse Holder Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.6
Arming Switch and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.7
Microswitch Installation and Wiring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-16
3.8
Final Electrical Installation Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Before You Run Your Edelbrock Nitrous System
4.1
4.2
Fuel System Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Nitrous System Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
5.0
Troubleshooting and Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18-20
6.0
Solenoid Inspection and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 1 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
Caution!!
Before You Install Your Edelbrock Nitrous System…
Please read this Installation manual fully before installing this system.
You will need to have available the following tools:
Hand Tools
•
Socket set including ratchets and extensions
•
Screwdrivers
•
Pliers
•
Bench vise
•
Wire crimping pliers, wire strippers
•
Floor jack
•
Vehicle jackstands
•
Safety glasses
Power Tools
•
Power drill
•
Drill bits (1/4”, 1/2” and 3/8”)
You should understand the following skills:
•
Power tool safety procedures
•
Undercar safety procedures
•
Proper measuring techniques
•
Proper electrical assembly techniques
•
Basic engine operation and tuning
℡
Anytime you have questions or concerns with your Edelbrock Nitrous System, please
call our technical support hotline at
1-800-416-8628.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 2 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
WHAT IS NITROUS OXIDE?
Nitrous Oxide is a cryogenic gas composed of nitrogen and oxygen molecules. It is stored as a “gas over a liquid” which
means that both liquid and gaseous nitrous oxide is delivered into your engine. It is 36% oxygen by weight, which is what
produces the added horsepower. By injecting more oxygen (and a corresponding fuel signal), we create the additional
power much like a supercharger or a turbocharger does.
Nitrous Oxide is considered an “oxidizer” and not a fuel. Nitrous oxide is non-flammable by itself. Because nitrous oxide
is a cryogenic, the same safety methods in handling dry ice apply to nitrous. Direct contact with the skin will cause a burn
similar to contact with dry ice. The exception in using nitrous oxide comes from increased breathing hazards associated
with the gaseous properties of nitrous oxide.
Nitrous Oxide is offered for sale in two common grades, which are U.S.P., and Nytrous Plus. U.S.P. nitrous oxide is medical
grade nitrous oxide. Its common use is dental and veterinary anesthesia as well as use as a propellant in food such as
canned whip cream. U.S.P. is not available to the public and would provide no advantage in the making of horsepower over
the automotive grade nitrous oxide.
Nytrous Plus was specifically designed for automotive consumption and differs from U.S.P. in that it contains trace amounts
of sulfur dioxide (100 parts per million or “PPM”) added to prevent substance abuse. The Sulfur Dioxide is an irritant to all
of your breathing passageways and will cause sore throats and sore nasal passages. Nytrous Plus was specifically
created for automotive applications and is available for sale to the public at many speed shops across the USA.
Safety Steps For Working With Nitrous Oxide
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Never inhale Nytrous Plus (Nitrous oxide (N2O) for vehicular use) as continued exposure can cause death.
Nytrous Plus has a maximum of 100 parts per million (ppm) of sulfur dioxide and will cause irritation to nose and
throat passageways.
When working around any high-pressure gas including nitrous oxide, take all precautions to ensure that exposure
to nitrous oxide is minimized.
Do not vent nitrous oxide to atmosphere in confined spaces. Only vent nitrous oxide in well-ventilated and open
areas.
Liquid nitrous oxide can cause burns to human flesh so protect all skin in and around your hands, arms and face.
Wear safety glasses and rubber gloves to protect from liquid nitrous oxide splatter.
When venting down the nitrous system, vent the line down closest to the nitrous bottle.
Do not use any form of Teflon tape as sealant on fitting connections. Use only Teflon paste.
When washing components, ensure the clean components are completely dry, free of oils, and solvents. Failure
to remove all liquids could cause component or system failure.
Always turn the bottle off before making any repairs to the nitrous delivery system.
To safely release nitrous oxide in a pressurized line;
a. Position vehicle in a well-ventilated, unconfined space.
b. Turn bottle off.
c. Slowly loosen the nitrous feed line at the bottle until you hear a light hissing noise.
d. Allow the entire nitrous pressure to vent from the line.
e. Perform your work on the system.
f. Tighten the nitrous line to the bottle.
g. Slowly open the nitrous bottle valve, listening for leaks.
h. Perform leak checks on all effected fittings and the bottle fitting.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 3 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
1.0
Introduction to your Edelbrock PT Cruiser / Dodge Neon Performer EFI Nitrous System
….about this manual!
Within the pages of this manual is information, safety tips and operation instructions for your new Edelbrock Nitrous
System. Watch for these symbols to know where to go for information.
….There is safety related information here.
where technical information about your vehicle or specific skills that may help during
….shows
installation.
℡ ….call Edelbrock Technical support hotline for more information.
1.1
General Information
The Edelbrock Performer EFI Nitrous System (Part Number 70600) is designed for the 2001 & Later
Chrysler PT Cruiser and Dodge Neon with stock or slightly modified engines. Horsepower and
torque increases can vary with equipment upgrades and modifications.
This system utilizes one nozzle that is installed in the intake boot just before the intake air temperature
sensor and the throttle body. The additional fuel needed is supplied by the vehicle’s standard fuel system.
This system has been designed with some flexibility as to where certain components can be located to
allow easy installation on vehicles with upgraded or modified equipment. The solenoid and microswitch
brackets are designed to be manipulated (bent, cut, twisted, etc.) and the electrical components have
properly-sized and ample lengths of wire.
This system includes the bottle (shipped empty), bottle feed line and universal footprint steel bottle
brackets. The mounting brackets also include rubber insulators to protect the surface of your nitrous bottle
while mounted in the brackets. When installing your nitrous bottle, pay close attention to the installation
instructions for the location of your bottle. Make sure that the installation of your bottle does not interfere
with any systems that may lie under the location where you plan to drill holes for mounting the brackets.
Call your local automotive store, motorcycle shop or race track for refilling of your bottle. Trust a
professional to properly fill your bottle and reference your installation manual when re-installing your filled
bottle back into your vehicle.
Always take care when handling a full bottle of nitrous oxide. Please reference this manual for further
safety measures to take during the handling of a nitrous oxide bottle.
Please follow all safety methods during the installation of your Edelbrock Nitrous System, and follow all
vehicle regulations and road laws when using your nitrous system.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 4 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
1.2
Jet Map Information
Edelbrock engineering has conducted dyno testing with the Edelbrock PT Cruiser / Neon Performer EFI
system to ensure the horsepower increase the nitrous system is as intended. On a typically stock engine,
you can expect the following approximate power gain:
NitrousJetting
25
Approx. HP Gains
50
Final Air/Fuel Ratio
11.5/1
The dyno tests were conducted at Edelbrock using a stock PT Cruiser and a stock Neon. These tests
were conducted with 950 psi nitrous bottle pressure.
1.3
Engine Operation Considerations
When used correctly, nitrous oxide safely elevates cylinder pressures and temperatures while increasing
combustion rate. These characteristics make the engine more sensitive to detonation. To ensure proper
performance, engine and drive line life, the following tips are suggested:
• System Jetting
Never exceed the recommended jetting!! Excessive jetting will result in severe engine damage.
• Fuel Quality
Because Nitrous Oxide is an oxidizer, fuel selection is critical. Both octane and fuel consistency affect fuel
burn rate. The oxidizer quality of nitrous oxide will accelerate the burn rate, so we recommend a high
quality of gasoline. We also recommend you use the same grade of gasoline every time you use your
nitrous oxide system. This will help maintain the same fuel burn rate every time.
• Ignition Components
Most aftermarket performance chips increase the vehicle’s ignition timing, which can cause detonation with
the use of nitrous oxide. Please consult with your chip manufacturer on information regarding the
compatibility of your chip with nitrous oxide use.
If your vehicle is equipped with platinum-type spark plugs, we highly recommend they be removed and
replaced with the equivalent standard-type spark plugs.
• Engine System Upgrades
With all performance modifications, complementary system upgrades will always serve to elevate the
consistency and longevity of an engine, especially when using nitrous oxide as a power adder.
Modifications such as ignition upgrades, free-flowing exhaust, camshafts, cylinder heads, manifolds, fuel
controls and fuel pumps can all add to the performance of a nitrous oxide injected engine.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 5 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
1.4
QTY.
Chrysler PT Cruiser / Dodge Neon Performer EFI Series Kit Contents
DESCRIPTION
QTY.
Nozzle and Nozzle Hardware
1
Nitrous fan spray nozzle
1
Nitrous fan spray nozzle bulkhead body bolt
1
Nitrous fan spray nozzle bulkhead concave nut
DESCRIPTION
Fuel Pressure Safety Switch and Hardware
1
30 psi Fuel pressure safety switch
Bottle and Bottle Hardware
Solenoids and Solenoid Hardware
1
10-lb. Nitrous bottle with with external PRD
1
Safety Blowdown Tube
2
Performer Nitrous solenoids
1
Nitrous bottle bracket set (1 tall, 1 short)
1
Solenoid tee 1/8 NPT mm x 1/8 NPT female x
2
Rubber insulators (for bracket)
1
4AN x 660 Bottle nut and washer
1/8 NPT male
1
EFI solenoid mounting bracket
2
Bolts, bottle bracket 5/16” x 18 x 1-1/2”
4
Solenoid mounting screws (8 x 32 UNC x 5/16”)
2
Nuts, bottle bracket 5/16” x 18
1
Nitrous filter, 4AN x 1/8 NPT, straight fitting,blue
1
4AN 18 ft. main feed line
1
3AN x 1/8 NPT straight fitting, blue
1
Swivel adapter, 1/8”NPT female x 4AN
female
1
12” 3AN Line, Blue
1
1/8 NPT pipe plug
Jets
1
Electrical System Components
1
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Jet #25
Page 6 of 20
Nitrous Electrical Kit Contents (see page 12)
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
2.0
Performer System Installations
2.1
Nitrous Bottle Mounting
The nitrous oxide storage cylinder is typically called a “nitrous bottle”. It is an aluminum cylinder, designed
and manufactured to withstand very high pressures. The valve on top of the bottle is a high-flow design
that allows easy opening and closing which controls the nitrous flow to the engine compartment.
Accurate calibration of your nitrous system depends on the bottle remaining at a stable temperature. In
vehicles (such as Corvettes) where the bottle must be mounted in an area subject to direct sunlight, it is
suggested that the bottle be shielded with a bottle blanket.
If the bottle is mounted inside the passenger compartment or in a space that has access to the passenger
compartment such as hatchbacks or vehicles that feature fold down rear seats, the pressure relief device
(PRD valve) must be vented externally from the cockpit. This procedure will prevent the passenger
compartment from filling with a cloud of nitrous oxide, should the safety pressure relief valve rupture. For
more information, please contact the tech line.
Special consideration should be made to protect the bottle installation by not placing the bottle in
a known crumple or crash zone within the vehicle. At no time should the bottle be mounted within
the seating area of the passenger compartment of a street-driven vehicle.
Here is the Performer Bottle Valve. Installed on all bottle valves
used in Edelbrock Nitrous Systems, is a Pressure Relief Device
or “PRD”. It is a safety valve designed to vent the contents of the
bottle into the atmosphere in case of a catastrophic event like a
collision. It is also installed to prevent the over-pressurization of
the bottle. Unsafe bottle pressure is caused by over filling or
elevated bottle temperatures.
There are two types of PRD’s. Internal piping and external
piping. Internal requires no additional parts. The external type
requires a safety blowdown tube designed to route the gas, if the
PRD happens to rupture, to the outside of vehicle. The internal
type is design to vent directly off the bottle into the atmosphere
It is illegal to tamper with or remove this device.
Bottle Safety Information
1. Do not attempt to remove the bottle valve. Please return your bottle to Edelbrock if service is required to the
siphon tube inside the bottle or the bottle valve itself.
2. Never heat the outside of your nitrous bottle with an open flame like that of a torch.
3. Do not strike the surface of your nitrous bottle with a heavy or sharp object.
4. Do not drop your nitrous bottle.
5. Do not attempt to grind off or destroy any imprinted markings on the face of the bottle.
6. Do not remove, modify or otherwise tamper with the safety valve on the bottle valve.
7. Do not attempt to use a bottle that has been damaged or tampered with.
Racing Vehicles
Before you mount a nitrous bottle in a vehicle intended for use in racing or sanctioned events, check with the
sanctioning association or local racetrack for any rules regarding bottle installation. Most associations require the
bottle be mounted within the confines of the safety roll cage, with the safety pressure relief cap vented away from
the driver’s compartment.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 7 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
2.2
Bottle Mounting Instructions
Accurate calibration of your nitrous system depends on the bottle remaining at a stable temperature.
Choosing the proper location and orientation for your bottle can greatly affect the overall operation of the
nitrous system. Please read the entire bottle mounting instruction section before making your final bottle
location decisions.
2.3
Bottle Orientation
Bottle placement is critical to the performance of your nitrous system. It is important to understand how
the bottle valve and siphon tube are assembled to properly orient the bottle in your vehicle and ensure that
it picks up liquid nitrous while undergoing acceleration. All nitrous bottles are assembled so that the bottom
of the siphon tube is at the bottom of the bottle, opposite the bottle label.
An Edelbrock nitrous bottle cannot be mounted upside-down. Edelbrock does not offer a nonsiphon tube bottle for automotive use. If the bottle must be mounted parallel to the axles of the
vehicle (sideways), the label must be angled at approximately 45 degrees toward the front of the
vehicle. This orientation will position the siphon tube toward the rear and pointing to the lower
rear-facing quadrant of the bottle. All of this positioning information is critical to system operation.
It is most important to draw as much liquid nitrous as possible. The siphon tube cannot do this
unless the bottle is positioned correctly.
The most efficient mounting is the lay-down position with the valve handle toward the
front of the vehicle. This position allows the greatest amount of liquid to be used before
the siphon tube begins to pick up gaseous nitrous oxide.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 8 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
2.4
Nitrous Bottle Installation
After you have determined the location and orientation of the nitrous bottle, use the following procedure
to install the bottle:
2.4.1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Street Car Installations
Disconnect vehicle’s battery.
Determine the location of the bottle within the confines of the rear of the vehicle.
Once a mounting location has been determined, raise the vehicle (following all safety practices
involved in working on a vehicle from under the vehicle) and verify that there are no fuel lines, fuel
tank(s), brake lines, emissions equipment, or structural members in the way of potential mounting
bolt locations.
Note: It may be necessary to remove the fuel tank depending on the location where you install the
bottle.
Install the rubber insulators within the bottle brackets.
Slip bottle into the mounting brackets.
Using the mounting bracket bolt holes as templates, mark an area for each of the brackets with
chalk, metal marking pen, scribe, or marking pen to locate the bolt placements for drilling.
Wearing your safety glasses, drill two (2) 3/8” mounting holes for each bracket.
If heater blanket is used, brackets must be installed 8 1/2 inches apart from each other.
Install the bottle mounting brackets using “Grade 8” bolts, nuts and flat washers (not included with
kit). Use fender washer underneath the vehicle for sheet metal mounting.
Tighten the mounting bolts using a thread locking compound (not included with kit).
Mock up Safety Blowdown tube on bottle to find where tube will go through floor.
Mark floor where tube appears it will go.
Wearing your safety glasses, use a 1/2” drill bit and drill through floor on mark.
Install Safety Blowdown tube on bottle and cut off excess tube so that only 1 to 2 inches are
protruding below floor.
Shown here is a bottle with a bottle bracket properly installed with
the rubber insulator. The distance between the bottle brackets is
somewhat adjustable. Remember, mount the short bottle bracket
at least 1” from the bottom of the bottle, and never cover any of
the bottle label with a bottle bracket.
Do not attempt to install the bottle in the bracket without the
rubber insulator. The bottle hoop on the bracket is designed to
include the thickness of the insulator.
2.4.2
Race Car Nitrous Bottle Installations
Install the bottle brackets in accordance to race track and/or sanctioning body rules. Contact the
factory for assistance with meeting sanctioning body rules.
2.4.3
Nitrous Bottle Installations For Vehicles With Hatchbacks Or Trunk Areas That Are
Connected With The Passenger Compartment.
Please contact Edelbrock for more information.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 9 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
2.5
Nitrous Feed Line Mounting
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
2.6
Determine the route your main nitrous feed line will follow. Ensure the path does not route the
nitrous feed line too close to the exhaust system, suspension, electrical lines/components or tires.
Attach nitrous supply line to bottle.
Feed nitrous line along proposed route.
Secure nitrous supply line to underside of vehicle.
Note: Stainless steel covering of the main nitrous feed line is very abrasive. Shield painted
components or sensitive system components like electrical, fuel lines, brake lines or suspension
components to prevent them from contacting main feed line. Rubber hose can be slid over and
retained as a chafe guard.
Leave nitrous line loose pending installation of nitrous solenoid.
Solenoid Mounting
Use the following procedures to install the Performer nitrous solenoids:
Note: Remember to use Teflon paste only on pipe threads. Do not use Teflon tape.
Hint:
Placement of the solenoid is often limited by the lack of possible mounting locations in the
engine compartment. However, if possible, observe the following suggestions:
Solenoid Safety Information
1.
2.
3.
2.6.1
Keep solenoid and lines away from exhaust components.
Trial fit the solenoids with all lines attached to ensure a proper fit.
Solenoids may be mounted sideways or upside-down, if necessary.
Preparing To Mount Your Solenoids
1.
2.
2.6.2
Nitrous Solenoids Mounting
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Locate the EFI solenoid bracket, solenoid “tee”, and solenoid mounting screws.
This solenoid bracket can be modified (bent, twisted and/or cut) to allow for easier installation
in areas with minimal clearance . Please look at the photo on the next page of a typical
solenoid mounting location, and adapt your bracket according to the needs of your particular
application.
Hold one of the nitrous solenoids securely (like in a bench vise) being careful not to harm the
solenoid or block the inlet or outlet of the solenoid.
Install nitrous filter fitting (Blue fitting 4AN X 1/8 NPT) using liquid Teflon, in the inlet port of
the nitrous solenoid.
Install one of the 1/8 NPT male sides of solenoid "tee", using liquid Teflon, on the outlet port
of the nitrous solenoid. The female port of solenoid "tee" should be facing outward.
Install the remaining 1/8 NPT male end of the solenoid "tee", using liquid Teflon, into the inlet
port of the second nitrous solenoid. Rotate second solenoid so that it parallels the first.
Install the 3AN x 1/8 NPT (blue straight fitting) into the outlet port of second nitrous solenoid.
Using liquid Teflon, install 1/8 NPT pipe plug into remaining opening of solenoid " tee ".
i. Remove nitrous solenoid assembly from vise.
ii. Attach EFI solenoid bracket to the bottom of the solenoids.
ii. Verify the desired mounting location for the solenoid assembly.
Page 10 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
2.6.2
Nitrous Solenoids Mounting (Continued)
7. Install solenoid assembly in desired location.
8. Leave all wiring loose for electrical systems installation.
9. Connect main nitrous feed line to inlet fitting (4AN x 1/8 NPT nitrous filter fitting) of
the first nitrous solenoid.
Here is a typical EFI solenoid assembly, mounted in the engine
compartment of our PT Cruiser, using a non-modified EFI
solenoid bracket. Modifications performed to a solenoid bracket
depend on many factors. When mounting the solenoid assembly
on the vehicle, considerations should be taken regarding any
potential interference with the vehicle's systems or components.
The line length between the Performer EFI solenoid assembly
and the jet fitting on the nitrous spray nozzle is 12 inches. This
should also be considered when mounting the solenoid
assembly.
2.7
Nitrous Spray Nozzle Installation
PT Cruiser Installation
1. Determine nozzle mounting location at the outlet of the intake boot from the air filter housing,
making sure the nozzle, mounting collar, and the feed line from solenoid to nozzle, do not interfere
with any systems or components of the vehicle. The nozzle needs to be mounted in the location as
pictured so the nitrous spray from the outlet of the
nozzle is spraying directly on the intake air
temperature sensor in the boot.
2. Remove the air filter housing.
3. Wearing safety glasses, drill a 7/16" hole in air filter
housing where nozzle placement has been
determined.
4. Install nozzle mounting nut and collar into air filter
housing.
5. Re-Install air filter housing.
6. Mark the spray direction on the nozzle.
7. Using liquid Teflon, install the spray nozzle into the
air filter housing making sure the nozzle discharge
is toward the vehicle's engine.
8. Install recommended jet into nozzle fitting.
9. Install 3AN line from solenoid outlet fitting to spray nozzle jet fitting and tighten securely.
Neon Installation
On the Neon, follow the same steps as the PT Cruiser except the nozzle needs to be mounted in
the intake boot by the writing “THROTTLE BODY” spraying towards the runners of the intake
manifold.
2.8
Fuel Pressure Safety Switch Installation
1. Locate the fuel rail test port fitting on the end of the fuel
rail. This should be a 4AN fitting at the very end of the
rail.
2. Make sure the vehicles engine is cool then release the
pressure in the fuel system by pressing down on the valve
in the center of the fitting.
3. After relieving all of the pressure, remove the test port
fitting core and install the 4AN female x 1/16NPT female
brass fitting in place.
4. Using liquid teflon, install the fuel pressure safety switch
into the 1/16NPT port of the fitting you just installed.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 11 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
3.0
Electrical System Installation
3.1
Nitrous Electrical Kit Contents
Item #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
3.2
Quantity
1 ea.
1 ea.
2 ea.
2 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
2 ea.
2 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
3 ea.
2 ea.
2 ea.
1 ea.
Description
Activation microswitch
Activation microswitch bracket (not shown)
Activation microswitch mounting nut
Activation microswitch mounting screw
30 amp relay
Wire harness with integral relay/fuse holder
Red lighted toggle switch
18/22g female spade connector, Nylon insulated
14/16g female spade connector, Nylon insulated
14/16g male spade connector, Nylon insulated
16/18, splice connector
14/16g 3/8” ring terminal, Nylon insulated
18/22g ring terminal #10 Stud, Nylon insulated
18/22g ring terminal #8 Stud, Nylon insulated (.187)
18/22g female spade connector, Nylon insulated
15 amp ATO blade fuse
Nomenclature Descriptions:
ATO… the fuse configuration is ATO. When replacing this fuse, ask for an ATO fuse.
“a”… Amperage.
Important: The wiring hardware and instructions included with this kit are intended for 12-volt electrical systems
only. Before attempting to wire your Edelbrock Performer nitrous oxide system, examine and follow the wiring
diagram on the following page. Please call the Edelbrock technical department with any questions concerning
electrical wiring.
℡
When working with electrical systems in your vehicle, it is a good idea to have a service manual that features
your vehicle. It is also good practice to have a book that specializes on the specialized techniques required
when working with vehicular electrical systems.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 12 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
BATTERY
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
RED
16
13
10
14 (2)
6
5
BLUE
13
SOCKET
RELAY
Page 13 of 20
FUEL PRESSURE
SAFETY SWITCH
9
SOCKET
FUSE
SOLENOID
12
Nitrous Electrical System Wiring Diagram
SOLENOID
3.3
WHITE
RED
11
SUPPLY
+12v
4 (2)
3 (2)
2
1
MICROSWITCH
15
ON
ACC
SWITCHED +12V
WARNING!
DO NOT CONNECT
TO THIS TERMINAL
11
13
13
BLACK
ARMING
SWITCH
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
8
(2)
-
GROUND
7
3.4
Nitrous Electrical System Installation Procedures
Determine the location of the Relay and Fuse Holder wire harness. Most common installations locate
these components inside the driver’s compartment and close to the fuse panel under the dash. You can
also mount the Relay and Fuse Holder and harness close to the battery. However, these connectors are
water-resistant not waterproof, so care is required when mounting this assembly under the hood of your
vehicle.
Wire Color
Red
3.5
Red
System
Main System Bat.
Voltage
Arming Switch
Blue
White
Black
Black
Black
Black
Black
Solenoid Power
Relay Power
Arming Switch Grnd
Relay Grnd
Microswitch Grnd
Solenoid #1 Grnd
Solenoid #2 Grnd
Black
Fuel Pressure
Safety Switch Grnd
Origin
Relay Harness
Destination
Bat. Volt. Signal
Terminal Used
Ring
Arming Switch
Switched 12V
Relay Harness
Relay Harness
Arming Switch
Relay Harness
Microswitch
Solenoid #1
Solenoid #2
Safety Switch
Fuel Pressure
Safety Switch
Underdash
Intercept
Solenoids #1 & #2
Arming Switch
Chassis Grnd
Microswitch
Chassis Grnd
Chassis Grnd
Fuel Pressure
Spade/Wire
Spade
Spade
Spade/Ring
Spade
Spade/Ring
Ring
Ring
Chassis Grnd
Ring/Ring
Nitrous Relay and Fuse Holder Installation
The wire harness attached to the relay and fuse holder includes 8 feet of color-coded wires to make the
electrical system installation for your Edelbrock Nitrous System as easy as possible. We recommend that
you do not cut any lengths of wires from the wire harness or complete the wiring of the nitrous system until
all of the mechanical components are securely mounted in their permanent locations.
Once all of the solenoids and switches are placed, then route the un-cut wires from the harness to each
location allowing enough wire length on each circuit to not interfere with operating linkages, heat sources,
brackets, etc. Pay particular attention to sharp edges along the route of your wire harness as they can
chafe the wire and cause your system to fail.
After you have accounted for the routing of your wires, follow the “Nitrous Electrical System Wiring
Diagram” section and use the Origin and Destination Map as a guide for which electrical connectors are
used in each circuit.
Once you have decided the location of the relay and fuse holder, secure them with fasteners (not included
with kit) such as sheet metal screws, bolts and nuts, etc. Allow for some slack in the red wire that connects
the relay and fuse holders together.
When mounting your relay and fuse holder, make sure the mounting surface is strong enough to support
servicing the relay and fuse easy. Also, ensure you allow for some slack in the wire that joins the fuse
holder to the relay mount. This will avoid any potential loss of power due to stress on the wire harness.
The fuse is covered by the fuse mount housing.
The relay for the Performer EFI system is 30 amps, and the fuse is 15 amps.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 14 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
3.6
Arming Switch and Installation
The arming switch is a red, lighted switch that is a "MASTER" arming switch for your nitrous system.
Without it, your nitrous system would be "on" all of the time and capable of engaging anytime you go to
wide-open throttle conditions with your vehicle. The switch, when in the "armed" position, is well lit.
Therefore, it should be placed in an obvious position well within the line of sight and easy reach of the
driver. Please refer to the procedures below for the installation of the arming switch:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Locate the final position of your arming switch.
Drill a 1/2" hole for the switch location.
Insert the switch from behind the mounting hole and secure with the switch nut.
Do not wire until all other mechanical components are in place. Please see the electrical system
installation instructions for further information.
Note: There is a collar included with the switch for applications that require special spacing during
installation.
3.7
Microswitch Installation and Wiring
The function of your microswitch is to enable your nitrous system. It should be installed so that the switch
is forced closed by coming in contact with the throttle linkage only at the wide open throttle position. The
nitrous system must only function at fully-loaded wide-open throttle.
MICROSWITCH SAFETY INFORMATION
1. Do not allow wiring from the microswitch to come in contact with heat sources on the intake manifold
such as EGR risers or passageways.
2. Do not run wires to the microswitch that can create interference with the operation of the throttle
linkage.
3. The microswitch must be located in such a way as to be clear of the normal operation of the throttle
linkage.
4. Do not directly expose the microswitch to liquids such as water or gasoline.
This is a picture of an un-modified and “ready to install” microswitch assembly. The
microswitch bracket has several mounting positions available for clocking of the
switch. It also is of a universal length and can be attached to several positions on
and around the throttle body.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 15 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
3.7
Microswitch Installation and Wiring (Continued)
The bolts used to attach the microswitch have extra length to allow for spacing the microswitch away from
the bracket if necessary. After determining the position of the microswitch, we recommend trimming the
bolts for a clean installation.
Due to the wide variety of throttle linkage combinations in use, it is impossible to supply a microswitch
bracket custom-tailored to each application. The universal bracket-supplied will need to be modified to fit
your specific application.
Here is the microswitch assembly mounted on our PT
Cruiser. We utilized an existing hole on the throttle cable
bracket. It is an example of one of many ways in which to
mount a microswitch on your manifold. The microswitch
bracket allows for many different mounting positions. The
microswitch bracket can be modified to clear almost any
potential interference around the throttle linkage.
Please look for potential microswitch mounting locations and adapt your microswitch bracket according to the
needs of your particular application.
The microswitch bracket is drilled to allow many different switch mounting positions. This flexibility allows the
microswitch to be positioned in such a manner that it will engage the throttle linkage without interfering with its
normal and safe operation. The bracket may be manipulated (bent, twisted, and/or cut) to best suit your
combination. Mount the microswitch so the actuation arm is triggered by throttle linkage making sure all wiring and
the bracket do not interfere with the smooth and safe operation of the throttle linkage.
Adjust microswitch to ensure the actuation arm "clicks" at the same point your throttle linkage reaches wide open
throttle against the throttle stop. At no time should the microswitch be enabled before wide open throttle.
3.8
Final Electrical installation Recommendations
At this time, it is advised that you double-check the following areas:
1. Double-check all wires so that they do not come in contact with any heat sources such as exhaust
manifolds, or EGR crossovers.
2. Double-check the wires that lead from the microswitch to ensure they do not interfere with the
operation of the throttle linkage.
3. Make sure the relay and the fuse are serviceable and mounted securely.
You are ready to hook up your battery and prepare your vehicle to run.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 16 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
4.0
Before You Run Your Vehicle Using Your Edelbrock Nitrous System
You have just completed the installation of your Edelbrock Nitrous System. It is time to perform some
basic system checks to ensure all of the work you have done is correct and ready to operate properly.
The following procedure is designed to validate the operation of your nitrous system before operating
your vehicle:
Note:
Before performing steps 1 through 5, make sure that the nitrous bottle is closed
and main nitrous supply line is empty of any nitrous.
4.1 Fuel System Check
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Hook up all battery leads.
Double-check all wires and leads for signs of heat and proper connections.
Turn the ignition key to the engine "on" position without starting the engine.
Inspect fuel rail where Fuel Pressure Safety Switch has been installed for any leaks.
Inspect fuel booster pump and fuel lines for any leaks.
4.2 Nitrous System Check
1. With the vehicle's engine running, slowly open nitrous bottle valve.
Note: There should be no change in engine idle speed. If idle speed changes, close nitrous
bottle valve immediately and refer to the "Troubleshooting and Routine Maintenance” Section.
2. Inspect nitrous lines and fittings for leaks using a soapy water mixture and a small brush.
3. If any of the fittings/connections show bubbling around the attachment nut or on the threaded
area of the fitting, shut the nitrous bottle valve off immediately and dry the fitting before
attempting any service to that particular fitting connection.
4. If the engine idle does not come up, and all of the fittings appear to be leak-free, you have
successfully completed the installation of you Edelbrock Nitrous System.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 17 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
5.0
Troubleshooting and Routine Maintenance
How to use our Troubleshooting Flowchart:
The troubleshooting of a nitrous system is basic and straightforward. The symptom chart is divided by
symptom, cause and action required. Determine your problem (symptom), identify the potential problem
(cause) and correct the problem (action required).
Symptom #1… Change in engine speed when nitrous bottle valve is opened.
1.
2.
Malfunctioning nitrous solenoid.
a. Refer to “Solenoid Inspection and Maintenance” section.
b. Repair/replace solenoid.
Contamination in nitrous solenoid.
a. Refer to “Solenoid Inspection and Maintenance” section.
b. Clean/replace solenoid.
Symptom #2… Engine runs excessively rich when system is activated.
1. Nitrous bottle valve not fully opened.
a. Check bottle valve.
b. Open valve fully.
2. Nitrous bottle mounted improperly.
a. Mount bottle properly. Refer to “Nitrous Bottle Mounting” section.
3. Plugged nitrous filter.
a. Clean and/or replace nitrous filter.
b. See nitrous solenoid symptom #1.
4. Low bottle pressure.
a. Weigh bottle.
1. Bottle should be 10 lbs. above empty, bottle weight listed on bottle label.
b. Check bottle temperature.
1. Maintain 80 to 85 degrees of bottle surface temperature.
Symptom #3… No change in performance when system is activated.
1. System wired incorrectly.
a. Compare wiring to schematic. Refer to “Nitrous Electrical System Installation Procedures”
section.
b. Wire per instructions.
2. Loose ground wires.
a. Connect test light to battery "+" (positive) terminal. Check for continuity at grounds.
b. Tighten/repair loose grounds.
3. No power to arming switch.
a. With ignition "on", connect test light to battery "-" (negative) terminal. Check for power at
pole #1 on arming switch.
b. Repair wiring as necessary.
4. Malfunctioning arming switch.
a. With ignition "on", turn arming switch "on." Connect test light to battery "-" (negative)
terminal. Check for power at terminal #1 wire on arming switch.
b. If power is present, replace arming switch.
5. Malfunctioning microswitch.
a. Turn arming toggle "off". Close throttle microswitch, check for continuity between
microswitch wiring terminals.
b. If continuity is present, replace microswitch.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 18 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
6.
Inadequate nitrous supply.
a. Weigh bottle.
1. Bottle should be 10 lbs. above empty bottle weight listed on bottle label when full.
b. Check bottle pressure.
1. Maintain 900-950 psi for optimum system performance.
c. Check bottle temperature.
1. Maintain 80 to 85 degrees of bottle surface temperature.
d. Check bottle valve.
1. Open valve fully.
e. Check bottle orientation. Refer to “Bottle Mounting Orientation” section.
1. Mount bottle properly.
7.
Incorrect nitrous jetting.
a. Compare jetting to recommended values. Refer to “Jet Map Information” section.
1. Install correct jets
b. Verify the number stamped in the jet.
1. Acquire the right size jets and install correct jets.
8.
Loose nitrous solenoid wiring.
a. Inspect solenoid wiring. Refer to “Nitrous Electrical System Wiring Diagram” section.
b. Repair wiring as necessary.
9.
Malfunctioning nitrous solenoid.
a. Inspect solenoid wiring. Refer to “Nitrous Electrical System Wiring Diagram” section.
1. Repair wiring as necessary.
b. Inspect solenoid. See symptom # 2.
1. Rebuild/replace solenoid.
Symptom #4… Engine detonates mildly when system is activated.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Excessive ignition timing.
a. Check Timing.
1. Reduce timing in 2-degree increments for every 50 hp.
Inadequate octane fuel.
a. Verify what gasoline you use.
1. Use higher-octane fuel.
Spark plug heat range too high.
a. Verify what heat range the spark plug is, and how it functions in a high load, high
performance application.
1. Install a performance spark plug.
2. Reduce spark plug heat range.
Too much nitrous flow.
a. Verify the size of the nitrous jet.
1. Install the proper nitrous jet.
b. Check bottle temperature and pressure.
1. Ensure before every nitrous usage that you only use nitrous when the
temperature and pressure of your bottle are correct.
Page 19 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02
Symptom #5… Vehicle surges under acceleration when system is activated.
1. Inadequate nitrous supply.
a. Weigh bottle.
1. Bottle should be 10 lbs. above empty bottle weight listed on bottle label when full.
b. Check bottle temperature.
1. Maintain 80 to 85 degrees of bottle surface temperature.
c. Check bottle valve.
1. Open valve fully
d. Check bottle orientation. Refer to “Nitrous Bottle Mounting” section.
1. Mount bottle properly.
6.0
Solenoid Inspection and Maintenance.
1. Close valve on nitrous bottle.
2. Make sure all nitrous supply lines are free of pressure before removal of any system solenoid.
a. Empty main nitrous supply line at the nitrous bottle. Take care to not breathe or expose your skin to nitrous.
b. Do not open pressurized fuel lines over a hot engine.
3. Remove nitrous solenoid from the engine and securely clamp it into a vise, taking great care not to damage
the solenoid.
4. Remove the solenoid cover, retaining nut from top of the nitrous solenoid.
5. Remove coil and housing from nitrous solenoid base.
6. Unscrew stem from nitrous solenoid base. Do this by using a solenoid stem removal tool or by “double nutting”
the stem and unscrewing the stem from the housing body. Do not use pliers on solenoid stem; damage to
the stem will result.
7. Carefully remove the stem, spring and plunger from the solenoid base paying close attention to the way they
are assembled.
8. Examine the plunger seal for swelling, cuts and abrasions. The seal surface should be flat, except for a small
circular indentation in the center of the seal. A seal that has been contaminated or over-pressurized will bulge
from exposure to chemicals other than nitrous oxide. It can appear to extend down from the plunger and be
dome-shaped. A contaminated seal may return to its original shape if left out in fresh air for approximately 48
hours. It may then be returned to service. If it does not return to its original shape, it must be replaced.
9. Clean the solenoid body. Do not use an oil-based solvent to clean any part of the solenoid. Use paint
thinner or electrical contact cleaner. Remove any contaminants that may be present. Make sure solenoid
body is clean, dry and free of oils before assembly.
10. Replace the O-Ring, plunger and piston spring.
11. Re-assemble solenoid by reversing disassembly procedure.
Catalog #70600
Brochure No. 63-0074
Page 20 of 20
©2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Rev. 5/02