basic instructions to configure zyxel 660hw

BASIC INSTRUCTIONS TO
CONFIGURE ZYXEL 660HW-D1
CPE USING THE WEB
INTERFACE
Version 1.0
12/11/2008
Index
1
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 1-1
2
FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS ................................................................................... 2-1
3
CPE BASIC OPERATIONS .............................................................................................. 3-1
3.1
PASSWORD MODIFICATION .................................................................................... 3-1
3.2
CONFIGURING THE ROUTER.................................................................................. 3-2
3.2.1
MULTIUSER SETTINGS ............................................................................. 3-2
3.2.2
MONOUSER SETTINGS ............................................................................ 3-7
3.3
PORT FORWARDING ...............................................................................................3-11
3.4
CONFIGURING THE WIRELESS LAN .................................................................... 3-13
3.5
OTHERS OPERATIONS........................................................................................... 3-20
Version 1.0
BASIC INSTRUCTIONS TO CONFIGURE ZYXEL 660HWD1 CPE USING THE WEB INTERFACE
iii
1
INTRODUCTION
This document provides some indications about how to configure the VDSL2 router ZyXEL
P870HW-51Av2, supplied as Telefonica´s Router Inalámbrico, using the web configurator
built-in this device.
To configure the broadband service provided by Telefonica, it is recommended to follow the
instructions covered in the User’s Guide included in the package. This document is a
complementary element to that user’s guide explaining how to configure the router using the
VDSL2 router web configurator instead of the configuration wizard included in the router
package valid for the Windows OS. It is recommended to use with higher preference this
configuration wizard.
NOTE: Before starting to use the configuration tools provided
directly by the CPE vendor, the ones which Telefonica de
España mentions just for reference purposes, we must remind
you that Telefonica de España doesn’t provide any kind of
technical support for them.
This configuration process is based in the access to the router using the PC network
adaptor, which will allow using it independently of the operating system. Refer to the help
information in your operating system to see how to have a network adaptor properly
installed.
This document is oriented to advanced users with enough knowledge about networks,
routers, operating systems, etc…
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2
FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS
The VDSL2 router supplied within the Router Inalámbrico package is pre-configured by
factory default settings in a dynamic multiuser mode, with the DHCP server enabled (this is,
it will assign and IP address to those PCs in the internal network configured to obtain the IP
settings dynamically) and the wireless LAN interface disabled. To gain the access to the
router, it is necessary to have a network adapter installed on the PC, configured to receive an
IP address automatically from the DHCP server and with a web explorer configured
accordingly with the dynamic multiuser settings.
NOTE: The VDSL2 router must be switched on and properly connected to the PC.
If you are using a Windows operating system, you can refer to the Ethernet Card and TCP/IP
protocol installation guide document and the annex 1 of the Installation Guide for more
detailed information. If you are using a Linux or MAC operating system, please refer to the
help information in your OS.
In case these initial settings could not be useful for your particular case or you find some
problems in the broad band service start-up process, you can update or review the
configuration using the router web configurator. As the VDSL2 router will be initiated with
the LAN IP address 192.168.1.1 and network mask 255.255.255.0, you can check your
connectivity with the router (i.e., using a ping command). Once the IP connectivity was
successfully checked, you just need to access the http://192.168.1.1 address from your web
explorer.
NOTE: The screenshots in this document may change in function of the web
explorer and the operating system used.
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FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS
Figure 2-1: Router access
The factory default values for the CPE Username and Password parameters are 1234 and
1234 respectively. Telefónica highly recommends to modify the default access password
to the router. Refer to section 3.1 .
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FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS
Figure 2-2: Web configurator main page
In next section you will find how to make some basic operations using the web configurator
embedded in this ADSL router. It will be necessary to use the options Network, Security,
Advanced and Maintenance that appear on the left side of the menu to complete operations
such as:
•
PASSWORD MODIFICATION
•
CONFIGURING THE ROUTER
•
PORT FORWARDING
•
CONFIGURING THE WIRELESS LAN
It is not recommended to make any other different operation from these ones defined above
using the web configuration.
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3
BASIC OPERATIONS ON THE ROUTER
3.1
PASSWORD MODIFICATION
This is the first operation recommended to be made. Select:
Maintenance -> System -> General and you will see next screen:
Figure 3-1: Password modification menu
Fill in the fields accordingly and keep in mind the key is sensitive to capital and non-capital
letters:
•
Old Password: The current password
•
New Password: The new password
•
Retype to confirm: Retype the new password
Once filled these boxes, press Apply button. If the operation is completed successfully, the
web explorer will be disconnected and it will be necessary to introduce the new password to
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gain the access back to the router. In case you forget this new password, please refer to the
User’s Guide about how to restore factory default settings in your router.
3.2
CONFIGURING THE ROUTER
If you are going to connect only one PC to your router, a monouser configuration would be
enough. In that case, it is recommended to install a firewall and an antivirus software
updated and enabled in your PC due to it will be directly connected to the internet. On the
other side, if you expected to connect different devices to your router, you must select the
multiuser configuration. It is recommended to use a multiuser configuration even though
when you´re going to connect only one PC to the internet, due to the fact that it provides
higher security and makes it possible to enjoy all the advanced features supported by the
router.
Additionally to the monouser or multiuser configuration, you must also configure the IP
address assignment mode for the VDSL2 router. There are two possibilities about this IP
address assignment configuration for a broad band line.
•
Static address assignment: a fixed IP address is assigned to the router for all
connections.
•
Dynamic address assignment: the IP address assigned is not always the same, the values
provided are the PPPoE session username and password to be used to get the
connection.
This information appears in the welcome note received by the user at home. They can also be
obtained dialing to the phone number 900502010 from the phone line where the broad band
line is installed .
NOTE: In all next explanations it is considered that the starting point is the
factory default settings. If it were necessary, please refer to the CPE User’s Guide
to check how to restore factory default settings.
3.2.1
MULTIUSER CONFIGURATIONS
In both network address assignments, dynamic (factory default value in the router) and static,
some configuration options are common. Initially, it is necessary to configure the router
private network (LAN). Select: Network ->LAN to display next screen where you will need
to fill in the according values:
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Figure 3-2: Private network address options configuration in multiuser mode
If you want, you can change the router IP address (TCP/IP->IP Address and IP Subnet Mask)
and the DHCP server settings (DHCP -> Client IP Pool Starting Address and Size of Client
IP Pool) according with the private network desired values. It is not recommended to modify
any other parameters.
Once introduced previous values, press Apply button and the router will be updated properly.
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The WAN configuration options are the features required for the VDSL2 interface. Select:
Network -> WAN to display next screen:
Figure 3-3: WAN options configuration in multiuser dynamic mode
MULTIUSER DYNAMIC (FACTORY DEFAULT OPTION)
You must change the PPPoE session username and password with the proper values for your
broad band line in the previous screen. In this figure you can also see the rest of parameters
already configured with the right values. It is recommended not to modify them.
Once completed these fields, press Apply button and the router will be updated as expected.
In the multiuser configurations, the NAT feature must be enabled. Verify in this screen that
the NAT option is selected. If not, select the Active NAT option and press Apply.
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MULTIUSER STATIC
Go to Network -> WAN -> Internet Connection to diplay next screen where it is shown a
configuration example for this case. In the Internet Connection-General menu, select the
option Mode: ENT ENCAP, and select the Static IP Address option in the IP Address field.
You must change the public IP address for the broad band line. Use as Gateway IP Address:
192.168.1.1. In the figure you can also see the rest of parameters already configured with the
proper values. It is recommended not to modify them.
Figure 3-4: WAN options configuration in multiuser static mode
Once introduced these values, press Apply and the router will be updated as expected.
In the multiuser configurations, the NAT feature must be enable. Check it in this screen that
the NAT option is selected (Active NAT option checked)
3.2.2
MONOUSER CONFIGURATIONS
These are not highly recommended settings for this router due to the advanced features
supported by this device can not be used. In this case, the PC is the device directly connected
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to the internet, cause the NAT feature in the router is disable. It is recommended to adopt
some safety applications to avoid undesired threats or intrusions in the PC.
The NAT feature must be disabled, for both static and dynamic monouser environments.To
do that go to: Network ->WAN ->Internet Connection ->NAT and disable the Active NAT
option.
Figure 3-5: NAT disabled
Once selected this option, press Apply button and the router will be configured as expected.
MONOUSER DYNAMIC
In this case, you will need to install a PPPoE client in the PC. If you are using Windows
OS, you can use the client provided in the package or the one supported by the OS in
Windows XP. If you are using a different operating system, please refer to the help
information in your OS to see how to install and use a PPPoE client. If you can not have this
PPPoE client in your operating system, you won’t be able to work under this mode.
In the configuration process of the PPPoE client installed on the PC you will need to
introduce username and password to establish the connection. Additionally it will be required
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both PC and router to have IP visibility. To do that, both devices must be configured in the
same IP private network range. As we take factory default settings as starting point, then the
router will have the IP address 192.168.1.1 with network mask 255.255.255.0 and the PC
will receive the IP settings through DHCP. If it were necessary, refer to the CPE User’s
Guide to see how to restore factory default settings in your router.
It is not mandatory, but you can configure the DHCP server settings with the values refered
in the Figure 3-2: Private network address configuration options in multiuser mode
Go to: Network -> WAN - > Internet connection. In the screen displayed, select the option
“Bridge” in the General-Mode field (see figure 3.6).
Figure 3-6: WAN options configuration in monouser dynamic mode
Once introduced these values, press Apply button and the router will be configured as
expected.
MONOUSER STATIC
For the monouser static mode, it will be necessary to make some changes in the network
settings. First of all, it will be required to assign an IP address to the router. To obtain this
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address it is necessary to perform a logical AND operation between the public IP address and
the network mask (these values appear in the information received from Telefonica) and add
1. For example, let’s suppose your public IP address is X.X.X.135 and the network mask is
255.255.255.192. Go to: Network -> LAN -> IP to display next screen, in this one you can
see one example showing how to fill in these fields. The rest of parameters must be
configured with the proper values as shown in the figure. It is recommended not to modify
them.
Figure 3-7: Network options configuration in monouser static mode
Once completed these previous fields, press Apply and the router will be configured as
expected.
The router is configured to make the PC when asking for the IP address via DHCP, it will
receive the public IP address. At this moment, you will lose the IP connectiviy between your
PC and the router and it will not be recovered till the PC can renew the IP address. Refer the
help information in your operating system to check how to do it. In this moment you will
recover the connectivity back with the router to continue the configuration process.
Now go to: Network -> WAN - > Internet connection and do the following actions in the
screen displayed:
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-
In the General-Mode field: Select the option “ENET ENCAP”
-
In the IP Address field: Select the option “Static IP Address”
-
In the NAT field: Disable the option “Active NAT”
It is only required a management IP address (shown in the information received from
Telefonica). In this example, it will be used the 10.0.0.5. (See figure 3.8)
Figure 3-8: WAN options configuration in monouser static mode
Once completed these previous fields, press Apply and the router will be configured as
expected.
3.3
PORT FORWARDING
If your router is configured in multiuser mode, the NAT feature will be enabled. This feature
implies that you could need to forward some ports to use some applications (online gaming,
videoconference, etc.).
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Go to: Network -> NAT -> Port Forwarding to display next screen:
Figure 3-9: Port Forwarding-1
By deploying the “Service Name” option you´ll be able to see the most common ports. For
these ones, you´ll only need to complete the IP addrees to what you want to forward the port.
Inside this option, select the “User Define” option and the following screen will be
displayed:
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Figure 3-10: Port Forwarding-2
You can add in this screen the port you could require for the internal applications. Add as
many ports as you wish. Press Apply and the option will be stored in the router. For safety
reasons it is recommended to close all ports not in use, this is, removing them from the above
table.
3.4
CONFIGURING THE WIRELESS LAN
If you want to configure the ADSL router Wireless LAN interface, keep in mind to use
similar settings in the wireless LAN clients to be associated to the router.
If you need further information about wireless networks, please refer to the “Tutorial sobre
redes WiFi” located in the www.telefonicaonline.com/zonawifi section.
Basically it will be necessary to configure following parameters:
•
Radio channel to be used by the access point.
•
The network identifier (ESSID), it will be the name for identifying the wireless lan
network.
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•
The encryption type. Basically there are two main encryption types to provide some
privacy to the communications through the wireless interface:
−
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) for Wi-Fi IEEE 802.11b and 802.11g
networks.
−
WPA-PSK (Wi-Fi Protected Access / Phase Shift Keying). This is a new
encryption mechanism supported in IEEE 802.11g network and only
working with WLAN clients based on this standard. It is recommended to
use it everytime all clients connected to the access point are 802.11g.
Telefónica recommends, for safety reasons, to enable always some encryption in the
wireless network. If the network is only based on 802.11g clients, it is suggested to use
WPA encryption. But in the case some 802.11b client could be associated to the router,
then it is recommended to use WEP 128-bits encryption.
NOTE: The VDSL2 router IP address will depend on the configuration mode
(multiuser/monouser , static/dynamic). In this case, we will take, as reference, the
192.168.1.1.
To access the wireless LAN settings, go to: Network -> Wireless LAN -> General:
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Figure 3-11: Wireless LAN options configuration
In the previous screen, a generic case of wireless network without security is displayed. To
enable any of the security modalities shown before, deploy the “Security Mode” option in
the field “Security”:
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Figure 3-12: Security modalities
WEP ENCRYPTION
In Network -> Wireless LAN -> General option you can define the required parameters
(channel, ESSID, etc) and at this point decide if you want to configure the interface without
WEP encryption (figure 3-13) or with the WEP encryption enabled (figure 3-14), by
deploying the “Security Mode” option and selecting “No Security” or “WEP”.
We strongly recommend you to avoid the No Security option.
As a reference, it has been selected the channel 13, ESSID = “zyxelg” and WEP encryption
with 128-bits in hexadecimal mode and encryption key 5a303031333439303030303031.
Keep on mind the ESSID field will differentiate between capital and non-capital letters,and
the WEP key lenght must be of 26 hexadecimal digits.
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Figure 3-13: Wireless LAN enabled without encryption
Once completed previous fields, press Apply and the router will be configured as expected.
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Figure 3-14: Wireless LAN enabled with WEP encryption
Once completed previous fields, press Apply and the router will be configured as expected.
WPA ENCRYPTION
In Network -> Wireless LAN -> General select the WPA-PSK modality in the “Security
Mode” option (see figure 3.12) and define channel and ESSID parameters. It is necessary to
disable the WEP encryption (figure 3-14) before enabling WPA encryption.
In the figure 3-15 it appears an example based on this WPA encryption with channel 13,
ESSID zyxelg and the key "aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa" . The WPA key must have a
minimum length of 8 characters, although for safety reasons it is recommended to have at
least 20 characters. This key will differentiate between capital and non-capital letters.
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Figure 3-45: WPA encryption settings
Once introduced previous parameters, press Apply and the router will be configured as
expected.
3.5
OTHER OPERATIONS
Within this section, the next operation is included:
FIRMWARE UPGRADE
This is a critical operation which can make your router useless, so you must act carefully
and use appropiate firmware versions. It is a must to use OFFIAL FIRMWARE releases
approved by Telefonica for this model. In other case the guarantee period for this
device will be cancelled.
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Before starting with this firmware upgrade please REMIND to disconnect the ADSL line
from your router.
Go to: Maintenance -> Tools -> Firmware (See Figure 3.16)
Figure 3-56: Firmware upgrade
Press the Examinar button, look for the file containing the firmware in your PC and press
Upload. The process will start and you will be informed about the process progress till it was
completed. REMIND not to switch off the ADSL router nor disconnect it from the PC
during the upgrading process.
Wait few minutes for the router reboots. Once the router is initializated again, check the
current settings and if it were necessary, reconfigure it again. Please don’t forget to connect
back the ADSL line to your router.
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