2003 HUMMER H2 Owner`s Manual

The 2003 HUMMER H2 Owner’s Manual
1-1
Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains the air bag system.
2-1
Features and Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
3-1
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your audio system.
4-1
Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
5-1
Problems on the Road
This section tells you what to do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated engine, etc.
6-1
Service and Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you how to keep your vehicle running properly and looking good.
7-1
Maintenance Schedule
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
8-1
Customer Assistance Information
This section tells you how to contact HUMMER for assistance and how to get service and owner publications.
It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 8-9.
i
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
HUMMER and the name HUMMER are registered
trademarks and H2 is a trademark of General Motors
Corporation.
We support voluntary
technician certification.
This manual includes the latest information at the time
it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for HUMMER whenever it appears in
this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will
be there if you ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it
so the new owner can use it.
Canadian Owners
Canadian Owners: You can obtain a French copy of
this manual from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number S2327 A First Edition
ii
ECopyright General Motors Corporation 03/29/02
All Rights Reserved
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t,
you or others could be hurt.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle may be equipped with components and
labels that use symbols instead of text. Symbols,
used on your vehicle, are shown along with the text
describing the operation or information relating to a
specific component, control, message, gage or indicator.
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could damage
your vehicle.
A notice will tell you about something that can damage
your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the
notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator reference the following
topics in the Index:
D
D
D
D
“Engine Compartment Overview”
“Instrument Panel”
“Comfort Controls”
“Audio Systems”
Also see “Warning Lights and Gages” in the Index.
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-16
1-21
1-22
1-22
1-29
1-30
1-30
1-42
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag System
Rear Seat Passengers
1-45
1-48
1-49
1-53
1-72
1-75
1-75
1-76
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults
Center Passenger Position
Children
Restraint Systems for Children
Older Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
1-
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust
them, and fold them up and down. It also tells you about
reclining front seatbacks and head restraints.
Power Seats
Horizontal Control: You can adjust your vehicle’s front
seats with the horizontal control located on the outboard
edge of each front seat.
Raise or lower the front of the seat by raising or
lowering the forward edge of the control. Raise or lower
the rear of the seat by raising or lowering the rear edge
of the control.
Move the seat forward or rearward by moving the
whole control toward the front or toward the rear of
the vehicle.
Moving the whole control up or down raises or lowers
the entire seat cushion.
Vertical Control: You can use the vertical control to
adjust the angle of the seatback. Move the reclining
front seatback forward or rearward by moving the
control toward the front or toward the rear of the
vehicle.
1-2
Power Lumbar Control
Use the lumbar control,
located on the outboard
side of the seat, to increase
or decrease lumbar support
in an area of the lower
seatback.
To increase support, press and hold the front of the
control. To decrease support, press and hold the rear
of the control. Let go of the control when the lower
seatback reaches the desired level of support.
You can also reshape the side wing area of the lower
seatback for more lateral support.
To increase support, press and hold the top of the
control. To decrease support, press and hold the bottom
of the control. Let go of the control when the lower
seatback reaches the desired level of support.
Memory Seat
The controls for the
memory function are
located on the driver’s
door trim panel.
These buttons are used to program and recall the
memory settings for the driver’s seat and both the
driver’s and the passenger’s outside mirrors and the
radio station presets. The seat, mirror positions and
radio station presets can be personalized for both
driver 1 and driver 2. Driver 1 or driver 2 corresponds
to the memory buttons labeled 1 and 2 on the driver’s
door and the numbers, 1 or 2, embossed on the back
of each keyless entry transmitter.
1-3
To set your memory seat, mirrors and radio station
presets, do the following:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat (including the recliner,
lumbar and side wing area), both outside mirrors and
the radio station presets to your preference. See
“Mirrors” and “Radio” in the Index to learn how to
adjust your mirrors and set the radio station presets.
2. Press and hold the 1 or 2 (for driver 1 or 2) button
of the memory control for three seconds. A double
chime will sound to let you know that the position
has been stored.
To repeat the procedure for a second driver, follow the
preceding steps, but press the other number of the
memory control. The memory feature only works when
the transmission is in PARK (P).
To recall memory seat, mirror positions and radio station
presets, make sure your vehicle is in PARK (P), then
press the 1 or 2 button of the memory control. You will
hear a single chime ring to let you know the memory
position will be recalled
If you use the unlock button on the keyless entry
transmitter to enter the vehicle, the preset driver’s seat,
mirror positions and radio station presets will be
recalled if programmed in the Driver Information
Center (DIC). The numbers on the back of the
transmitters, 1 or 2, correspond to the numbers on
the memory control.
The preset driver’s seat, mirror positions and radio
station presets will also be recalled when inserting the
key into the ignition if programmed in the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See “Seat Position Recall”
in the Index for more information.
To stop movement of the memory seat feature at any
time, press one of the memory buttons or power
seat controls.
1-4
Easy Exit Seat
This feature makes entering or leaving the driver’s seat
easier.
(Exit): This button is used to program and recall
the desired driver’s seat exit/entry position. The seat
position can be personalized for driver 1 and driver 2.
To store the seat exit position for driver 1 or driver 2,
do the following:
1. Select the desired driver number by pressing the
1 or 2 button. The seat will move to the last stored
memory position.
2. Adjust the seat to the desired exit/entry position.
3. Press and hold the the exit button for three seconds.
A double chime will sound to let you know the exit
position has been stored for the identified driver
(driver 1 or 2).
To use the exit/entry feature, do one of the following:
D Press the exit button on the memory control.
D Or, if you have this feature enabled (active) in the
DIC, then removing the key from the ignition will
cause the seat to move to the exit/entry position.
See “Driver Information Center” in the Index.
Heated Front Seats (If Equipped)
The buttons for the driver’s
side heated seat are located
on the driver’s side door
panel. The buttons for the
passenger’s side heated
seat are located on the
passenger’s side door panel.
The engine must be running for this feature to operate.
To heat the entire seat, press the horizontal button with
the heated seat symbol. Press the button to cycle through
the temperature settings of high, medium and low and
to turn the seat off. The indicator lights will glow to
indicate the level of heat selected: three for high, two for
medium and one for low.
The low setting warms the seatback and seat cushion
until the seat temperature is near body temperature.
The medium and high heat the seatback and seat cushion
to a slightly higher temperature. You will be able to feel
heat in about two minutes.
1-5
To heat only the seatback, press the vertical button with
the heated seatback symbol. An indicator light on the
button will glow to designate that only the seatback is
being heated. Additional presses will cycle through the
heat levels for the seatback only. Press the horizontal
button again to heat the entire seat.
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The vertical power seat control described earlier allows
the seatback to recline.
The heated front seats will shut off when the ignition is
turned to LOCK.
Your vehicle also has rear heated seats. See the section
“Rear Heated Seats” later in this section.
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
1-6
Head Restraints
CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash, you
could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit well
back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
Adjust your head restraint so that the top of the restraint
is closest to the top of your head. This position reduces
the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
1-7
To raise or lower a head restraint, pull up on the head
restraint or push the head restraint down.
The head restraints tilt forward also. To tilt a head
restraint forward, grab the top of the restraint and pull it
toward you until you hear a click. Let go of the head
restraint and it will stay in that position. If you want the
head restraint to tilt forward more, pull it forward again
until you hear a click. You can pull it forward up to three
times and on the fourth pull it will release to the initial,
upright position.
Rear Seats
60/40 Split Bench Seat (Second Row)
The 60/40 split bench seat can be folded to give you
more cargo space.
Folding the Seatbacks
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
1-8
To fold the rear seat, do the following:
1. Insert the two safety belt buckles into the pockets on
the driver’s side seatback and place the passenger’s
side seat belt through the loop located near the
armrest before folding the rear seat.
That way, the buckles will be out of the way when
the seat is folded and will be available for passengers
to use when the seat is returned to the passenger
position. Also, make sure that nothing is under or
in front of the seat.
2. Pull up on the strap loop
located at the rear of the
seat cushion and pull
the seat cushion up.
Then fold it forward.
The rear seatbacks are equipped with rearward folding
head restraints. When the seatback is being folded down,
the head restraint will automatically fold rearward.
If the seatback cannot fold flat because it interferes with
the cushion, try moving the front seat forward and/or
bringing the front seatback more upright.
Returning the Seats to an Upright Position
To return the seat to the upright position, do the
following:
1. Lift the seatback up and push it rearward all the way.
2. Lower the seat cushion until it latches into position.
3. Pull forward on the seatback and up on the seat
cushion to make sure the seat is securely in place.
4. Return the head restraints to the upright position.
5. Check to see that the safety belt buckles on the
driver’s side seatback are accessible to the outboard
and center occupants and are not under the seat
cushions.
3. Pull the seatback forward and fold it down until it
is flat.
1-9
Third Row Single Seat (If Equipped)
To fold the seatback, do the following:
Pull up on the release lever,
labeled 1, located on the
rear of the seatback and
push the seatback forward.
Folding the Seatback
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
Unfolding the Seatback
1. To return the seat to the passenger position, pull up
on the release lever labeled 1 and then pull up on the
seatback until it locks into the upright position.
2. Push forward on the seatback to make sure it is
locked into position.
1-10
Tilting the Seat
CAUTION:
2. Unlatch the seat from
the floor by pulling up
on the lever labeled 2,
located on the rear of
the seat.
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
1. Fold the seatbacks forward using the instructions
listed previously.
3. Lift the rear of the seat up off of the floor and push it
forward until it locks into place. You will not be able
to unlatch the seat from the floor unless the seatback
is folded down.
The seat will now remain locked in the upright position.
1-11
Returning the Seat to an Upright Position
To return the seat to an upright position, do the
following:
4. Push down on the seat firmly. Try pulling it up to be
sure it is locked into place.
5. Pull up on the release lever labeled 1 and then pull
up on the seatback until the seatback locks into the
upright position.
Removing the Third Row Seat
To remove the third row seat, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Fold the seatback
forward onto the
seat cushion by using
the lever labeled 1.
The seat cannot be
removed unless the
seatback is folded.
1. Pull the lever labeled 3 toward you.
2. While still holding the lever 3 toward you, grasp the
top of the seat and pull it toward you slightly.
3. Let go of lever 3 and pull the seat completely down.
1-12
3. To unlatch the rear of
the seat from the floor,
pull up on the release
lever labeled 2, located
at the rear of the seat,
and lift the rear of the
seat up off of the floor.
4. Squeeze the release handle while pulling the seat out.
5. While holding the rear of the seat up, roll the seat out
of the vehicle.
1-13
Replacing the Third Row Single Seat
To replace the third row single seat, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock
the seat into place properly when installing it.
1-14
2. While holding the rear of the seat up, slide the front
wheels into the slots on the floor. The front latches
should lock into place. If latches do not lock, try
tilting the rear of the seat upwards.
3. Once the latches are engaged, let the seat drop into
place. Pull the lever labeled 1 and pull the seatback
up to return it to its upright position.
4. Push and pull on the seat to make sure it is locked
into place. The seatback cannot be raised to the
upright position unless the seat is secured to
the floor.
Entering or Exiting the Third Row Seat
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
To enter or exit the third row seat you must fold the
second row seat down following the instructions given
previously. If you are exiting the third row seat with no
assistance do the following:
1. Reach over the second
row seat and pull up on
the strap loop. Then pull
the seat cushion up.
2. Push the seat cushion forward.
3. Next, push the seatback forward until it is level with
the floor.
Be sure to return the seat to the passenger position when
finished. Pull forward and push rearward on the seat to
make sure it is locked in place.
1-15
Heated Rear Seats (Second Row)
(If Equipped)
The controls are located
on the back of the center
console.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the air bag system.
CAUTION:
The ignition must be in RUN for this feature to operate.
To activate the heated seats, press the button to cycle
through the high, medium and low settings. To turn
off the heated seats, press the button a fourth time.
An indicator light will illuminate for each heat setting
any time the heated seats are operating.
The heated seats will be canceled after the ignition is
turned to OFF. If you still want to use the heated seat
feature after you restart your vehicle, you will need to
press the heated seat button again.
1-16
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people
to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
1-17
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-18
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-19
or the instrument panel ...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-20
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
1-21
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules
for smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding
in your vehicle, see the part of this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s
protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
1-22
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
When the shoulder portion of the belt is pulled out
all the way, it will lock. To permit the shoulder belt
to move freely again, unbuckle the belt, let it retract
all the way, and buckle up again.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-23
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too
much, which could increase injury. The shoulder
belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-24
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled
in the wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt
would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces
would be there, not at the pelvic bones. This could
cause serious internal injuries. Always buckle your
belt into the buckle nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-25
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt goes
over an armrest like this. The belt would be much
too high. In a crash, you can slide under the belt.
The belt force would then be applied at the
abdomen, not at the pelvic bones, and that could
cause serious or fatal injuries. Be sure the belt
goes under the armrests.
A:
The belt is over an armrest.
1-26
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-27
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work properly,
or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-28
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-29
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect
the mother. When a safety belt is worn properly,
it’s more likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash.
For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to
making safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in this
section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing.
If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out
all the way, you will engage the child restraint locking
feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all the
way and start again.
Air Bag System
This part explains the air bag system.
Your vehicle has air bags -- one air bag for the driver
and another air bag for the right front passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating air bag. But these
air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job and
comply with federal regulations.
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Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag system:
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are designed to work with safety belts, but
don’t replace them. Air bags are designed to
work only in moderate to severe crashes where
the front of your vehicle hits something. They
aren’t designed to inflate at all in rollover, rear
or low-speed frontal crashes, or in many side
crashes. And, for some unrestrained occupants,
air bags may provide less protection in frontal
crashes than more forceful air bags have
provided in the past. Everyone in your vehicle
should wear a safety belt properly -- whether or
not there’s an air bag for that person.
CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to an inflating
air bag, as you would be if you were leaning
forward, it could seriously injure you. Safety belts
help keep you in position before and during a
crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with air
bags. The driver should sit as far back as possible
while still maintaining control of the vehicle.
CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants.
CAUTION: (Continued)
CAUTION: (Continued)
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see the part of this manual called “Children.”
There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows the
air bag symbol.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
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How the Air Bag System Works
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
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The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the steering
wheel hub or on or near any other air bag
covering.
When should an air bag inflate?
An air bag is designed to inflate in a moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crash. The air bag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.”
If your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn’t
move or deform, the threshold level is about 9 to
17 mph (14 to 27 km/h). The threshold level can vary,
however, with specific vehicle design, so that it can be
somewhat above or below this range. If your vehicle
strikes something that will move or deform, such as a
parked car, the threshold level will be higher.
The air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and
how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal or
near-frontal impacts.
The air bag system is designed to work properly under
a wide range of conditions, including off-road usage.
Observe safe driving speeds, especially on rough terrain.
As always, wear your safety belt. See “Off-Road
Driving” in the Index for more tips on off-road driving.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related
hardware are all part of the air bag modules inside the
steering wheel and in the instrument panel in front of the
right front passenger.
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How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. Air bags supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But air bags
would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts and many side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded as
anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and
then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, or the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s
bag -- will be hot for a short time. The parts of the bag
that come into contact with you may be warm, but not
too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from vents in the deflated air bags.
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Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeing
or from being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop
people from leaving the vehicle.
CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the air
bags inflate (if battery power is available). You can lock
the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by using
the door lock and interior lamp controls.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
D Let only qualified technicians work on your air
bag system. Improper service can mean that your
air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they
inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
D Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the air bag system. The module records information
about the readiness of the system, when the system
commands air bag inflation and driver’s safety belt
usage at deployment. The module also records speed,
engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the
right front passenger’s air bag, the bag may not
work properly. You may have to replace the air
bag module in the steering wheel or both the air
bag module and the instrument panel for the
right front passenger’s air bag. Do not open or
break the air bag coverings.
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Air Bag Off Switch
Your vehicle has a switch on the instrument panel
that you can use to turn off the right front passenger’s
air bag.
Canada
This switch should only be turned to AIR BAG OFF
if the person in the right front passenger’s position is
a member of a passenger risk group identified by the
national government as follows:
United States
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Infant. An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the
front seat because:
Child age 1 to 12. A child age 1 to 12 must ride in the
front seat because:
D my vehicle has no rear seat;
D my vehicle has a rear seat too small to accommodate
a rear-facing infant seat; or
D the infant has a medical condition which, according
D my vehicle has no rear seat;
D although children ages 1 to 12 ride in the rear
to the infant’s physician, makes it necessary for the
infant to ride in the front seat so that the driver can
constantly monitor the child’s condition.
seat(s) whenever possible, children ages 1 to 12
sometimes must ride in the front because no space
is available in the rear seat(s) of my vehicle; or
D the child has a medical condition which, according
to the child’s physician, makes it necessary for the
child to ride in the front seat so that the driver can
constantly monitor the child’s condition.
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Medical Condition. A passenger has a medical
condition which, according to his or her physician:
D causes the passenger air bag to pose a special risk
for the passenger; and
D makes the potential harm from the passenger air bag
in a crash greater than the potential harm from
turning off the air bag and allowing the passenger,
even if belted, to hit the dashboard or windshield in
a crash.
CAUTION:
If the right front passenger’s air bag is turned off
for a person who isn’t in a risk group identified
by the national government, that person won’t
have the extra protection of an air bag. In a
crash, the air bag wouldn’t be able to inflate and
help protect the person sitting there. Don’t turn
off the passenger’s air bag unless the person
sitting there is in a risk group.
1-38
United States
CAUTION:
Canada
If the air bag readiness light ever comes on when
you have turned off the air bag, it means that
something may be wrong with the air bag system.
The right front passenger’s air bag could inflate
even though the switch is off.
If this ever happens, don’t let anyone whom the
national government has identified as a member
of a passenger air bag risk group sit in the right
front passenger’s position (for example, don’t
secure a rear-facing child restraint in the right
front passenger’s seat) until you have your
vehicle serviced.
To turn off the right front passenger’s air bag, insert
your ignition key into the switch, push in, and move the
switch to the off position.
The AIR BAG OFF light will come on to let you know
that the right front passenger’s air bag is off. The right
front passenger’s air bag will remain off until you turn it
back on again, and the AIR BAG OFF light will stay on
to remind you that the air bag is off.
1-39
United States
Canada
To turn the right front passenger’s air bag on again,
insert your ignition key into the switch, push in, and
move the switch to the on position.
1-40
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to inflate
while someone is working on your vehicle. Your dealer
and the service manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and the air bag system. To purchase a
service manual, see “Service and Owner Publications”
in the Index.
CAUTION:
For up to 2 minutes after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,
an air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to an
air bag when it inflates. Avoid yellow wires, wires
wrapped with yellow tape or yellow connectors.
They are probably part of the air bag system.
Be sure to follow proper service procedures, and
make sure the person performing work for you is
qualified to do so.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
Adding Equipment to Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Q:
If I add a push bumper or a bicycle rack to the
front of my vehicle, will it keep the air bags
from working properly?
A:
As long as the push bumper or bicycle rack is
attached to your vehicle so that the vehicle’s basic
structure isn’t changed, it’s not likely to keep the
air bags from working properly in a crash.
Q:
Is there anything I might add to the front of
the vehicle that could keep the air bags from
working properly?
A:
Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle’s
frame, bumper system, front end sheet metal or
height, they may keep the air bag system from
working properly. Also, the air bag system may not
work properly if you relocate any of the air bag
sensors. If you have any questions about this,
you should contact Customer Assistance before
you modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and
addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two
of the Customer Satisfaction Procedure in this
manual. See “Customer Satisfaction Procedure” in
the Index.
1-41
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
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2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way,
it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and
start again.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
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CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too
much, which could increase injury. The shoulder
belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
The safety belt also locks if you pull the belt very quickly
out of the retractor.
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To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have
outgrown booster seats and for small adults. When
installed on a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better
positions the belt away from the neck and head.
Comfort guides are provided for each outside passenger
in the second row seat and one guide for the single third
row seat. To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and booster
seats and for smaller adults, the comfort guides may be
installed on the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install a
comfort guide and use the safety belt:
Second Row Seat
1. For the second row, remove the guide from its
storage clip on the trim panel near the side of
the seatback.
1-45
Third Row Seat
For the third row, remove the guide from its storage
clip on the side of the seatback.
2. Place the guide over the belt and insert the two edges
of the belt into the slots of the guide.
1-46
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The guide must be on top of the belt.
Second Row Seat
Third Row Seat
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions”
earlier in this section. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Make sure you remove the comfort guide from
the belt before you fold a rear seat down.
1-47
Center Passenger Position
Lap Belt
When you sit in the center seating position, you have a
lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
1-48
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Infants and Young Children
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by the
appropriate restraint. Young children should not use
the vehicle’s safety belts, unless there is no other choice.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-49
CAUTION: (Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph (40 km/h),
a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a
240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s arms. A baby
should be secured in an appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby
will become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-50
Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take into
consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
outstanding protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used in
a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular child restraint.
In addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
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CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant
in a rear-facing seat settles into the restraint,
so the crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
1-52
CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip
bones are still so small that the vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force on a body area that’s unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could cause serious or
fatal injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
Restraint Systems for Children
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to
restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface.
Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center
of the vehicle.
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating surface against the back of the infant.
The harness system holds the infant in place and, in a
crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
1-53
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
1-54
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner,
and some high-back booster seats have a five-point
harness. A booster seat can also help a child to see out
the window.
Q:
A:
How do child restraints work?
A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which is
purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help reduce
the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two hip
straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the
place of hip straps.
A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that are
attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so
if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from
the manufacturer.
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Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in a rear seat including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in
the right front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-56
CAUTION: (Continued)
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people
in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to
the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints are
designed for use with or without the top strap being
anchored. Others require the top strap always to be
anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for
your child restraint. If yours requires that the top strap
be anchored, don’t use the restraint unless it is anchored
properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a
kit is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top strap. If your child restraint has a top strap,
it should be anchored.
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Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position where
the child restraint will be placed. Raise the head restraint
and route the top strap under it.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready
to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top strap
when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
A child restraint with a top strap should only be used in
the second or third row. Don’t use a child restraint with
a top strap in the front seat because there’s no place to
anchor the top strap.
An anchor loop bracket for a top strap is located at the
bottom rear of the seat cushion for each seating position
in the second row, and for the right outside seating
position in the third row.
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Second Row Seats
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You’ll find
anchors (A) in the outboard positions for the second row
seats where the seatback meets the seat cushion.
To assist you in locating the lower anchors for this child
restraint system, each seating position with the LATCH
system will have a visible metal anchorage point in the
seat, where the seatback meets the seat cushion.
Third Row Seat
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In order to use the system, you need either a
forward-facing child restraint that has attaching
points (B) at its base and a top tether anchor (C), or a
rear-facing child restraint that has attaching points (B),
as shown here.
With this system, use the LATCH system instead of the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure a child restraint.
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CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint isn’t attached
to its anchorage points, the restraint won’t be
able to protect a child sitting there. In a crash,
the child could be seriously injured or killed.
Make sure that a LATCH-type child restraint is
properly installed using the anchorage points,
or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint. See “Child Restraints” in the Index for
information on how to secure a child restraint in
your vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belts.
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the LATCH
System
1. Find the anchors for the seating position you want to
use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the back
of the seat cushion.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach the anchor points on the child restraint to the
anchors in the vehicle. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach the top
strap to the top strap anchor. See “Top Strap” in the
Index. Tighten the top strap according to the child
restraint instructions.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
strap from the top tether anchor and then disconnect the
anchor points.
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Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see “Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH)” in the Index.
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3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
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5. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into
the retractor while you push down on the child
restraint. If you’re using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your knee
to push down on the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-64
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap belt.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
1-65
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you’re using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
1-66
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in the rear seat.
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see “Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH)” in the Index.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. There’s
a switch on the instrument panel that you can use to turn
off the right front passenger’s air bag when you want to
secure a rear-facing child restraint at the right front
passenger’s position. See “Air Bag Off Switch” in the
Index for more on this, including important safety
information.
1-67
United States
1-68
Canada
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Be sure to turn
off the air bag before using a rear-facing child
restraint in the right front seat position. If a
forward-facing child restraint is suitable for your
child, always move the passenger seat as far back
as it will go.
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light ever comes on when
you have turned off the air bag, it means that
something may be wrong with the air bag system.
The right front passenger’s air bag could inflate
even though the switch is off.
If this ever happens, don’t let anyone whom the
national government has identified as a member
of a passenger air bag risk group sit in the right
front passenger’s position (for example, don’t
secure a rear-facing child restraint in the right
front passenger’s seat) until you have your
vehicle serviced. See “Air Bag Off Switch” in
the Index.
1-69
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger
air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See “Seats” in the Index.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-70
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
If you’re using a forward-facing child restraint, you
may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on
the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-71
Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt should
not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the
thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen,
which could cause severe or even fatal internal
injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown out
of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety belts
properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
1-72
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact forces.
In a crash, the two children can be crushed
together and seriously injured. A belt must be
used by only one person at a time.
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see
“Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” in the Index.
If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child’s face or neck, you might
want to place the child in the center seat position,
the one that has only a lap belt.
1-73
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way,
in a crash the child might slide under the belt.
The belt’s force would then be applied right on
the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-74
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-75
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in your
vehicle. A damaged restraint system may not
properly protect the person using it, resulting in
serious injury or even death in a crash. To help
make sure your restraint systems are working
properly after a crash, have them inspected
and any necessary replacements made as soon
as possible.
1-76
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH
system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time of
the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2- 2
2- 3
2- 6
2-11
2-15
2-16
2-17
2-19
2-19
2-20
2-21
2-22
2-24
2-28
2-32
2-33
2-35
2-36
2-36
2-37
Windows
Keys
Door Locks
Keyless Entry System
Liftgate
Theft
Content Theft-Deterrent
PasslockR
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transmission Operation
All-Wheel Drive
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
2-
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2-39
2-41
2-42
2-42
2-42
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2-51
2-53
2-57
2-63
2-65
2-66
2-70
2-71
2-76
2-78
2-80
2-95
Electronically Controlled Air Suspension
System (If Equipped)
Selectable Extended Rear Ride Height
(If Equipped)
Locking Rear Axle
Tilt Wheel
Horn
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Ashtray and Cigarette Lighter
Accessory Power Outlets
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
Sunroof (Option)
HomeLinkR Transmitter
Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
Instrument Panel Cluster
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Driver Information Center (DIC)
2-1
Windows
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome
by the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke.
Never leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially
with the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-2
Power Windows
Express-Down Window
The controls for the power windows are located on the
armrest on each of the side doors. The switches operate
the windows when the ignition is in RUN, ACCESSORY
or when Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is active.
See “Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
The driver’s and front passenger’s window switches
have an express-down feature that allows you to lower
the window without continuously pressing the switch.
Press the top of the window switch down briefly to
activate the feature. Lightly tap the switch to open the
window slightly. The express-down feature can be
interrupted at any time by pulling up on the top of
the switch.
Lockout Switch
Press the lockout switch to prevent passengers from
operating the power windows. A small light in the
lockout switch will come on to show that the switch has
been activated. Press the lockout switch again to return
to normal operation.
The driver’s door has a switch for each of the passenger’s
windows as well.
Press the top of the switch to lower the window.
Pull up the top of the switch to raise the window.
2-3
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
2-4
Your vehicle has a
double-sided key for the
ignition and all door locks.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft. But you can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock
your key inside. You may even have to damage
your vehicle to get in. So be sure you have an
extra key.
If you ever lose a key, your dealer will be able to assist
you with obtaining replacements.
In an emergency, contact roadside assistance.
See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index for more
information. If your vehicle is equipped with the
OnStarR system with an active subscription and you
lock your keys inside the vehicle, OnStar may be able to
send a command to unlock your vehicle. See “OnStar”
in the Index for more information.
2-5
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
D Passengers -- especially children -- can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked,
the handle won’t open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash if the doors aren’t locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the doors
whenever you drive.
D Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
D Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your doors can help
prevent this from happening.
2-6
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
You can use the remote keyless entry system. You can
use your key to unlock your door from the outside.
You can lock or unlock the
door from the inside by
sliding the manual lever
forward or rearward.
When the door is unlocked,
you can see a red area on
the lever.
The manual lever on each door works only that door’s lock.
On the passenger side of the
liftgate opening trim there is
another power lock switch
which can be used to lock or
unlock all of the doors.
Power Door Locks
The power door lock
switches are located on
the driver’s and front
passenger’s armrests.
Press the lock symbol to lock all of the doors. If the
delayed locking feature is on, the doors will not lock
until they are all closed. Press the lock switch twice to
lock all of the doors immediately and override the
delayed locking feature. See “Delayed Locking” later in
this section.
To unlock the doors, press the other side of the switch.
Lockout Prevention
This feature prevents you from locking your key in
the vehicle when the key is in the ignition and a door
is open.
If the power lock switch is pressed when a door is open
and the key is in the ignition, all of the doors will lock
and then the driver’s door will unlock.
2-7
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
Your vehicle is equipped with an automatic lock/unlock
feature which enables you to program your vehicle’s
power door locks. You can program this feature
through the Driver Information Center (DIC), or by
the following method.
Programmable Locking Feature
The following is the list of available programming options:
Mode 1: All doors lock when the transmission is shifted
into gear.
Mode 2: All doors lock when the vehicle speed is
greater than 8 mph (13 km/h).
Mode 3: No automatic door locking.
The automatic door locks were pre-programmed at the
factory to lock all the doors when the transmission is
shifted into gear (Mode 1). The following instructions
detail how to program your door locks differently
than the factory setting. Choose one of the three
programming options listed above before entering the
program mode.
To enter the program mode, do the following:
1. Begin with the ignition off. Then pull the turn
signal/multifunction lever toward you and hold it
there while you perform the next step.
2-8
2. Turn the key to RUN and LOCK twice. Then, with
the key in LOCK, release the turn signal/multifunction
lever. Once you do this, you will hear the lock switch
lock and unlock, the horn will chirp twice, and a
30 second program timer will begin. You are now
ready to program the automatic door locks.
3. Select one of the three programming options listed
previously, and press the lock side of the power door
lock switch to cycle through the lock options.
You will have 30 seconds to begin programming.
If you exceed the 30 second limit, the locks will
automatically lock and unlock and the horn will chirp
twice to indicate that you have left the program mode.
If this occurs, repeat the procedure beginning with
Step 1 to re-enter the programming mode.
You can exit the program mode any time by turning the
ignition to RUN (the locks will automatically lock and
unlock and the horn will chirp twice to indicate that you
are leaving the program mode). If the lock/unlock
switches are not pressed while in the programming
mode, the current auto lock/unlock setting will not
be modified.
See your dealer for more information.
Programmable Unlocking Feature
The following is the list of available programming options:
Mode 1: Driver’s door unlocks when the transmission is
shifted into PARK (P).
Mode 2: All doors unlock when the transmission is
shifted into PARK (P).
Mode 3: All doors unlock when the key is removed
from the ignition.
Mode 4: No automatic door unlock.
The automatic door locks were pre-programmed at the
factory to unlock all doors once the transmission is
shifted to PARK (P) (mode 1). The following
instructions detail how to program your door locks
differently than the factory setting. Choose one of the
four programming options listed above before entering
the program mode.
To enter the program mode, do the following:
1. Begin with the ignition off. Then pull the turn
signal/multifunction lever toward you and hold it
there while you perform the next step.
2. Turn the key to RUN and LOCK twice. Then, with
the key in LOCK, release the turn signal/multifunction
lever. Once you do this, you will hear the lock switch
lock and unlock, the horn will chirp twice, and a
30-second program timer will begin.
3. You are now ready to program the automatic door
locks. Select one of the four programming options
listed previously, and press the unlock side of the
power door lock switch to cycle through the
unlocking options. You will have 30 seconds to
begin programming. If you exceed the 30-second
limit, the locks will automatically lock and unlock
and the horn will chirp twice to indicate that you
have left the program mode. If this occurs, repeat the
procedure beginning with Step 1 to re-enter the
programming mode.
You can exit the program mode any time by turning the
ignition to RUN. The locks will automatically lock and
unlock and the horn will chirp twice to indicate that
you are leaving the program mode. If the lock/unlock
switches are not pressed while in the programming
mode, the current auto lock/unlock setting will not
be modified.
See your dealer for more information.
2-9
Delayed Locking
Rear Door Security Locks
When locking the doors with the power lock switch or
the keyless entry transmitter and any of the doors or the
liftgate is open, the delayed locking feature will delay
locking the doors and tailgate until five seconds after the
last door is closed. You will hear three chimes to signal
that the delayed locking feature is in use.
With this feature, you can lock the rear doors so they
cannot be opened from the inside by passengers.
Pressing the power lock switch or the lock button on the
keyless entry transmitter twice will override the delayed
locking feature and immediately lock all the doors.
You can turn the delayed locking feature off or back on
again by doing the following:
1. With the driver door open, press and hold the power
door lock switch in the lock position.
2. Press unlock twice on the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
This feature will not operate if the key is in the ignition.
2-10
To use one of these locks, do the following:
1. Open one of the rear doors.
You will find a security
lock located on the
inside edge of each
rear door.
2. Turn the lock
counterclockwise with
your ignition key to
engage the safety lock.
Turn the lock clockwise
with your ignition key
to disengage the
safety lock.
3. Close the door.
4. Do the same thing to the other rear door.
Keyless Entry System
You can lock and unlock your doors and liftgate from
about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet (9 m) away using the
remote keyless entry transmitter supplied with your
vehicle.
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio frequency
subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
2-11
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
Operation
(Unlock): Pressing this
button once will unlock the
driver’s door. The interior
lamps will come on.
Pressing unlock again
within three seconds will
cause the remaining doors
to unlock.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
2-12
You can choose different feedback options for each
press of the unlock button, such as having the vehicle’s
perimeter lamps come on and/or have the horn chirp.
See “DIC” in the Index for more information.
(Lock): Pressing this button once will lock all of the
doors. Pressing the button again within three seconds
may cause the horn to chirp to confirm that the doors
have locked.
You can choose different feedback options for each
press of the lock button, such as having the vehicle’s
perimeter lamps flash and/or have the horn chirp.
See “Driver Information Center (DIC)” in the Index
for more information.
(Panic): When the button with the horn symbol
on the key transmitter is pressed, the horn will sound
and the headlamps and taillamps will flash for up to
30 seconds. This can be turned off by pressing the horn
button again, or by waiting for 30 seconds, or by starting
the vehicle.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
2-13
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
2-14
To replace the battery in the keyless entry transmitter,
do the following:
1. Insert a thin coin, or similar object, in the slot
between the covers of the transmitter housing near
the key ring hole. Remove the bottom by twisting
the coin.
2. Remove and replace the battery with a three-volt
CR2032 or equivalent battery, positive (+) side up.
3. Align the covers and snap them together.
4. Check the operation of the transmitter.
Liftgate
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the liftgate open
because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can come into
your vehicle. You can’t see or smell CO. It can
cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the liftgate open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections
must pass through the seal between the body
and the liftgate:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls”
in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
To unlock the liftgate, use the unlock button on any
of the power door lock switches or the keyless entry
transmitter.
To open the liftgate, pull the handle located in the
center of the door.
Lock the liftgate by using the lock button on any
of the power door lock lock switches or the keyless
entry transmitter.
2-15
Theft
Parking at Night
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can help.
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
Key in the Ignition
Even if you park in a lot where someone will be
watching your vehicle, it’s still best to lock it up and
take your keys. But what if you have to leave your
ignition key? What if you have to leave something
valuable in your vehicle?
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your ignition and transmission will be locked.
Also remember to lock the doors.
If the key is in the ignition, with any door open, and you
try to lock your doors with the power door locks, the
driver’s door will not stay locked. This will help to keep
you from locking your keys in the vehicle.
2-16
Parking Lots
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
glove box.
D Take the remote keyless entry system transmitter
with you.
D Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Content Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle is equipped with a content theft-deterrent
alarm system.
With this system, the
security light will flash
as you open the door
if your ignition is off.
This light reminds you to activate the theft-deterrent
system. Here’s how to do it:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or the
remote keyless entry transmitter. The security light
should begin to flash.
3. Close all doors. The security light will stop flashing
and stay on solid. The security light should go off
after about 30 seconds. The alarm is not armed until
the security light goes off.
If delayed locking is active, the alarm will not arm
until all doors are closed and the security light goes
off (after about thirty seconds). See “Delayed
Locking” earlier in this section.
If a locked door is opened without the key or the
remote keyless entry transmitter, the alarm will go off.
The headlamps and parking lamps will flash for two
minutes, and the horn will sound for 30 seconds, then
will turn off to save the battery power.
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t activate if
you lock the doors with a key or use the manual door
lock. It activates only if you lock the door with a power
door lock switch with the door open, or with the remote
keyless entry transmitter. You should also remember that
you can start your vehicle with the correct ignition key
if the alarm has been set off.
2-17
Here’s how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:
Testing the Alarm
D If you don’t want to activate the theft-deterrent
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
system, the vehicle should be locked with the door
key after the doors are closed.
D Always unlock a door with a key, or use the remote
keyless entry transmitter. Unlocking a door any other
way will set off the alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock any door
with the key. You can also turn off the alarm by pressing
unlock on the remote keyless entry transmitter or by
turning on the engine with the correct ignition key.
The alarm won’t stop if you try to unlock a door any
other way.
1. From inside the vehicle, lower the driver’s window
and open the driver’s door.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with the
power door lock switch while the door is open, or
with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
3. Get out of the vehicle, close the door and wait for
the security light to go out.
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the
door with the manual door lock and open the door.
This should set off the alarm.
While the alarm is set, the power door unlock switch is
not operational.
If the alarm does not sound when it should but the
headlamps flash, check to see if the horn works.
The horn fuse may be blown. To replace the fuse,
see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
If the alarm does not sound or the headlamps do not
flash, the vehicle should be serviced by your dealer.
2-18
PasslockR
Your vehicle is equipped with the Passlock
theft-deterrent system.
Passlock is a passive theft-deterrent system. Passlock
enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is turned with a
valid key. If a correct key is not used or the ignition lock
cylinder is tampered with, the fuel system is disabled
and the vehicle will not start.
During normal operation, the security light will turn off
approximately five seconds after the key is turned to RUN.
If the engine stalls and the security light flashes, wait
about 10 minutes until the light stops flashing before
trying to restart the engine. Remember to release the key
from START as soon as the engine starts.
If the engine does not start after three tries, the vehicle
needs service.
If the engine is running and the security light comes on,
you will be able to restart the engine if you turn the
engine off. However, your Passlock system is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your vehicle
is not protected by Passlock at this time. You may also want
to check the fuse. See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in
the Index. See your dealer for service.
In an emergency, call the GM Roadside Assistance
Center. See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index.
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in
the long run if you follow these guidelines:
D Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or
less for the first 500 miles (805 km).
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
2-19
Ignition Positions
With your key in the ignition switch you can turn it to
four different positions.
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;
if so, is it all the way in? Turn the key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break
the key or the ignition switch. If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
B (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use things
like the radio, power windows and the windshield
wipers when the engine is off.
C (RUN): This position is for driving.
D (START): This position starts your engine.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
A (LOCK): This position locks your ignition and
transmission. It’s a theft-deterrent feature. You will
only be able to remove your key when the ignition is
turned to LOCK.
2-20
The Retained Accessory Power (RAP) feature will allow
certain features on your vehicle to continue to work up
to 10 minutes after the ignition is turned to LOCK.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle
is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when
your vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal all the way to the floor, while you
hold the ignition key in START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and let up on the accelerator
pedal. Wait about 15 seconds between each try.
2-21
When starting your engine in very cold weather
(below 0_F or -18_C), do this:
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START and hold it there up to
15 seconds. When the engine starts, let go of the key.
2. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then stops),
it could be flooded with too much gasoline. Try
pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the floor
and holding it there as you hold the key in START for
about three seconds. When the engine starts, let go of
the key and accelerator. If the vehicle starts briefly but
then stops again, do the same thing, but this time keep
the pedal down for five or six seconds. This clears the
extra gasoline from the engine.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
2-22
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder,
the engine coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier
starting and better fuel economy during engine
warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater should be
plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to starting
your vehicle. At temperatures above 32_F (0_C),
use of the coolant heater is not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and
unwrap the electrical
cord. The cord is
located on the
driver’s side of the
vehicle near the
front recovery loop.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in?
The answer depends on the outside temperature, the kind
of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of trying
to list everything here, we ask that you contact your
dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle.
The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
2-23
Automatic Transmission Operation
Your vehicle is equipped with an automatic transmission
that features an electronic shift position indicator located
within the instrument panel cluster.
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks your wheels. It’s the best
position to use when you start your engine because your
vehicle can’t move easily.
CAUTION: (Continued)
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
CAUTION: (Continued)
2-24
CAUTION:
Your vehicle will be free to roll -- even if your
shift lever is in PARK (P) -- if your transfer case
is in NEUTRAL. So, be sure the transfer case is
in a drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL. See “Shifting
Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
“racing” (running at high speed) is dangerous.
Unless your foot is firmly on the brake pedal,
your vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
lose control and hit people or objects. Don’t shift
into a drive gear while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transmission caused by shifting
out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the
engine racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. If you
need more power for passing, and you’re:
D Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
DRIVE (D) can be used when towing a trailer, carrying
a heavy load, driving on steep hills or for off-road
driving. You may want to shift the transmission to
THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a lower gear selection if the
transmission shifts too often.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than DRIVE (D).
2-25
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy than THIRD (3). You can use
SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as
you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would
also want to use your brakes off and on.
If you manually select SECOND (2), the transmission
will drive in second gear. You may use this feature for
reducing the speed of the rear wheels when you are
trying to start your vehicle from a stop on slippery road
surfaces.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
but lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can use
it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the shift
lever is put in FIRST (1) while the vehicle is moving
forward, the transmission won’t shift into first gear until
the vehicle is going slowly enough.
2-26
NOTICE:
If your wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to drive.
This might happen if you were stuck in very deep
sand or mud or were up against a solid object.
You could damage your transmission.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transmission. Use your brakes or shift into
PARK (P) to hold your vehicle in position on
a hill.
On cold days, approximately 32_F (0_C) or colder,
your transmission is designed to shift differently until
the engine reaches normal operating temperature.
This is intended to improve heater performance.
Shift Lock Release
Tow/Haul Mode
This vehicle is equipped with a shift lock release system.
If your vehicle has a dead battery and you need to have
your vehicle towed, there is a shift lock release lever that
will allow you to move the shift lever out of PARK (P).
To access the shift lock release lever, do the following:
Your vehicle is equipped
with a tow/haul mode.
The button is located on
the instrument panel to the
right of the steering wheel.
1. Pull up on the sides of the bezel around the shift
lever to release the bezel.
2. Pull up the rear of the bezel around the shift lever
and you will see an orange lever.
3. Press the orange lever
down and move the shift
lever out of PARK (P).
You can use this feature to assist when towing or
hauling a heavy load. See “Tow/Haul Mode” in the
Index for more information.
4. Snap the bezel back in place.
2-27
All-Wheel Drive
With all-wheel drive, you can send your engine’s
driving power to all four wheels for extra traction.
To get the most satisfaction out of all-wheel drive,
you must be familiar with its operation. Read the part
that follows before using all-wheel drive.
NOTICE:
Transfer Case Buttons
The transfer case buttons
are located to the right of
the steering wheel on the
instrument panel. Use these
buttons to shift into and out
of the different all-wheel
drive modes.
Driving in the 4HI Lock or 4LO Lock positions
for a long time on dry or wet pavement could
shorten the life of your vehicle’s drivetrain
and tires.
You can choose among three driving settings:
(4HI): This setting is for driving in most street
and highway situations. You can also use this setting for
variable off-road conditions.
(4HI Lock): Use this when you need extra
traction in most off-road situations.
2-28
(4LO Lock): This setting sends maximum power
to all four wheels. You might choose this if you are
driving off-road in deep sand, deep mud, and climbing
or descending steep hills.
When in this mode, you can also choose to lock the rear
axle for additional traction. See “Locking Rear Axle”
later in this section.
CAUTION:
Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL can
cause your vehicle to roll even if the transmission
is in PARK (P). You or someone else could be
seriously injured. Be sure to set the parking
brake before placing the transfer case in
NEUTRAL. See “Parking Brake” in the Index.
NEUTRAL: Shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL only
when towing your vehicle. See “Towing” in the Index
for more information.
Indicator lights in the buttons will show you which
position the transfer case is in. The indicator lights will
come on briefly when you turn on the ignition and one
will stay on. If the lights do not come on, you should
take your vehicle to your dealer for service. An indicator
light will flash while shifting the transfer case. It will
remain illuminated when the shift is complete. If for
some reason the transfer case cannot make a requested
shift, it will return to the last chosen setting.
If the SERVICE 4WD message in the DIC stays on,
you should take your vehicle to your dealer for service.
See “Service 4WD” or “Driver Information Center” in
the Index for further information.
2-29
Shifting to 4HI or 4HI Lock
Shifting Out of 4LO Lock
With the vehicle traveling less than 40 mph (64 km/h),
press and release the 4HI or 4HI Lock button.
The indicator light will flash while shifting. It will
remain illuminated when the shift is complete.
To shift from 4LO Lock to 4HI or 4HI Lock your
vehicle must be stopped or moving less than 2 mph
(3.2 km/h) with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N)
and the engine running. The preferred method for
shifting out of 4LO Lock is to have your vehicle moving
1 or 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press the 4HI or 4HI Lock
button. You must wait for the 4HI or 4HI Lock indicator
light to stop flashing and remain illuminated before
shifting your transmission into gear.
Shifting to 4LO Lock
To shift to 4LO Lock, the vehicle’s engine must be
running and the vehicle must be stopped or moving
less than 2 mph (3.2 km/h) with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N). The preferred method for shifting into
4LO Lock is to have your vehicle moving 1 or 2 mph
(1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release the 4LO Lock
button. You must wait for the 4LO Lock indicator light
to stop flashing and remain illuminated before shifting
your transmission into gear.
If the 4LO Lock button is pressed when your vehicle is
in gear and/or moving, the 4LO Lock indicator light will
flash for 15 seconds and not complete the shift unless
your vehicle is moving less than 2 mph (3.2 km/h) and
the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N). After 30 seconds,
the transfer case will return to the setting last chosen.
2-30
If the 4HI or 4HI Lock button is pressed when your
vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the 4HI or 4HI Lock
indicator light will flash for 15 seconds but will not
complete the shift unless your vehicle is moving less
than 2 mph (3.2 km/h) with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N).
Shifting to NEUTRAL
Shifting Out of NEUTRAL
To shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL first make sure
the vehicle is parked so that it will not roll, then do
the following:
To shift the transfer case out of NEUTRAL,
do the following:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Start the vehicle.
3. Connect the vehicle to the towing vehicle.
4. Put the transmission in NEUTRAL (N).
5. Shift the transfer case to 4HI.
6. Simultaneously press and hold the 4HI and 4LO
Lock buttons for 10 seconds. The NEUTRAL
indicator light will come on when the transfer case
shift to NEUTRAL is complete.
1. Set the parking brake and apply the regular brake
pedal.
2. Shift the transmission to NEUTRAL (N) and turn
the ignition to RUN with the engine off.
3. Press the button for the desired transfer case shift
position (4HI, 4HI Lock or 4LO Lock).
4. After the transfer case has shifted out of NEUTRAL
the indicator light will go out.
5. You may start the engine and shift the transmission
to the desired position.
7. Shift the transmission to REVERSE (R) for one
second, then shift the transmission to DRIVE (D) for
one second.
8. Turn the ignition to LOCK.
9. Place the transmission shift lever to PARK (P).
10. Release the parking brake prior to towing.
2-31
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot. Push down the parking brake
pedal with your left foot.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will
flash. A chime will activate when the parking brake is
applied and the vehicle is moved at least 3 mph (5 km/h)
for at least three seconds.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down. Pull the bottom edge of the lever, located above
the parking brake pedal to release the parking brake.
If the ignition is on when the parking brake is released,
the brake system warning light will go off.
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section
shows what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
2-32
Shifting Into PARK (P)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move,
even when you’re on fairly level ground, use the
steps that follow. With all-wheel drive if your
transfer case is in NEUTRAL, your vehicle will
be free to roll, even if your shift lever is in
PARK (P). So, be sure the transfer case is in a
drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL. If you’re pulling
a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
D Press the button on the end of the shift lever.
2-33
D While still pressing
the button, move the
lever forward as far
as it will go. Let go
of the button and
the lever.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-34
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. With your
transfer case in NEUTRAL, your vehicle will
be free to roll, even if your shift lever is in
PARK (P). So be sure the transfer case is in a
drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL. And, if you leave
the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in RUN. See “Automatic Transmission” in
the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission,
so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way up
into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application.
Then, move the shift lever into the gear you want.
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t
shift out of PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the key to LOCK.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift the vehicle to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the system fixed as soon as you can.
2-35
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
2-36
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down
to blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even
if the fan is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Blizzard” in the Index.
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
2-37
CAUTION:
All-wheel drive vehicles with the transfer case in
NEUTRAL will allow the vehicle to roll, even if
your shift lever is in PARK (P). So, be sure the
transfer case is in a drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL.
Always set your parking brake.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
Electronically Controlled Air
Suspension System (If Equipped)
The electronically controlled air suspension keeps the
rear of your vehicle level as you load and unload it.
The system includes a compressor, two height sensors
and two air springs supporting the rear axle.
The engine must be running for the system to
operate and level the vehicle after loading or unloading.
The system will suspend leveling if any of the doors
or the liftgate are open. Once the doors are closed,
system leveling will continue. The system can lower
the vehicle to the standard ride height with the engine
running and for up to 30 minutes after the ignition has
been turned off.
You may hear the compressor running when you load
your vehicle, and periodically as the system adjusts the
vehicle to the standard ride height.
Load leveling will not function normally with the
inflator hose attached to the inflator outlet. Remove
the inflator hose from the outlet when it is not in use.
See “Accessory Inflator” in the Index.
2-38
Overload and Overheat Protection
Overload protection is designed to protect the air
suspension system and is an indication to the driver
that the vehicle is overloaded.
If the rear suspension remains at a low height, the rear
axle load has exceeded GAWR (Gross Axle Weight
Rating). When the overload protection mode is
activated, the compressor operates for about 30 seconds
to one minute without raising the vehicle depending on
the amount of overload. This will continue each time the
ignition is turned on until the rear axle load is reduced
below GAWR. See “GAWR” in the Index.
If the system overheats, it will shut down and stop all
leveling functions until the system cools down. During
this time the SERVICE AIR SUSPENSION message
will appear in the DIC. See “Driver Information Center”
in the Index for more information.
Selectable Extended Rear Ride
Height (If Equipped)
This feature comes as part of the electronically
controlled air suspension system.
The selectable rear ride height allows you to raise the
rear of the vehicle approximately 2 inches (5 cm) over
the normal ride height. This can be helpful when driving
off-road where you may need more ground clearance to
clear an obstacle.
The button that controls this
feature is located on the
instrument panel to the right
of the steering wheel.
2-39
To use this feature, ensure that the following conditions
are met:
D Be sure all the doors are fully closed. The suspension
will not raise or lower if a door is open.
D Be sure the vehicle speed is less than 35 mph
(56 km/h). The system will not activate otherwise.
Press the height control button to raise the rear of
the vehicle.
A light in the button will begin to flash as the rear of the
vehicle rises. Once the extended height has been reached
(this may take up to a minute), the warning light will
stop flashing and will stay lit while the vehicle is at the
extended height.
2-40
To lower the vehicle to the normal ride height press the
button again. The light in the button will flash as the
suspension lowers. When the light in the button stops
flashing and goes out, the suspension has reached the
normal ride height.
This feature will lower the vehicle to the normal height
if vehicle speed exceeds 20 mph (32 km/h).
You may also want to use this feature when ascending,
descending or cresting a steep hill as this can help
prevent the rear bumper from dragging on the base
of the hill or prevent the vehicle from grounding out
(high centering) on the crest of the hill.
Do not use this feature when towing a trailer.
Locking Rear Axle
The locking rear axle can give you additional traction
from the rear wheels when you are driving in off-road
situations such as mud, snow, sand, steep hills and
uneven terrain.
The button used to turn this
feature on or off is located
above the transfer case
buttons to the right of the
steering wheel.
To lock the rear axle
do the following:
1. Place the transfer case in the 4LO Lock mode.
This is the only mode which will allow you to lock
the rear axle. See “All-Wheel Drive” in the Index for
more information regarding the transfer case.
2. Press the button with the vehicle stopped or moving
less than 2 mph (3 km/h).
You must wait for the light in the button to stop flashing
and remain illuminated before the rear axle is locked.
Driving forward a few feet at less than 2 mph (3 km/h)
may also help to engage the rear axle.
NOTICE:
Do not try to lock the rear axle if the vehicle is
stuck and the tires are spinning. You can damage
drivetrain components and this damage would
not be covered by your vehicle’s warranty.
Lock the rear axle before attempting situations
or navigating terrain which could possibly cause
the vehicle to become stuck.
The locking rear axle will be disabled when the
vehicle’s wheel speed is greater than 20 mph (32 km/h),
if the vehicle’s battery is low and/or the transfer case is
shifted out of 4LO Lock.
NOTICE:
Do not use the locking rear axle on pavement.
You can damage drivetrain components and this
damage would not be covered by your vehicle’s
warranty. Use only 4HI when traveling on dry
pavement.
2-41
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
The tilt lever is located on the left side of the steering
column, under the turn signal lever.
You should adjust the steering wheel before you drive.
To tilt the wheel, first pull
the lever towards you
release the lock. Then move
the steering wheel to a
comfortable level, and
release the lever to lock
the wheel in place.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
You can raise it to the highest level to give your legs
more room when you enter and exit the vehicle.
Horn
To sound the horn, press the horn symbols on the
steering wheel pad.
2-42
D
D
D
D
D
D
Turn and Lane Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass Feature
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control
Turn and Lane Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow
you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the turn or
lane change.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows flash
more quickly than normal, a signal bulb may be burned
out and other drivers won’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and a blown
fuse. See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
Turn Signal On Chime
If your turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 of a mile
(1.2 km), a chime will sound at each flash of the turn
signal and the message TURN SIGNAL ON will also
appear in the DIC. To turn the chime and message off,
move the turn signal lever to the off position.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
(High/Low-Beam Changer): To change
the headlamps from low to high beam, push the lever
toward the instrument panel. To return to low-beam
headlamps, pull the multifunction lever toward you.
Then release it.
When the high beams are
on, this indicator light on
the instrument panel cluster
will also be on.
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Flash-to-Pass Feature
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps
to signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.
It works even if your headlamps are in the automatic
position.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you, then
release it.
If your headlamps are in the automatic position or on
low beam, your high-beam headlamps will turn on.
They’ll stay on as long as you hold the lever toward
you. The high-beam indicator on the instrument panel
cluster will come on. Release the lever to return to
normal operation.
Windshield Wipers
You control the windshield wipers by turning the band
with the wiper symbol on it.
(Mist): For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to
mist. Hold it there until the wipers start. Then let go.
The wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want more
wipes, hold the band on mist longer.
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(Delay): You can set the wiper speed for a long or
short delay between wipes. This can be very useful in
light rain or snow. Turn the band to choose the delay
time. The closer to the top of the lever, the shorter the
delay.
(Low Speed): For steady wiping at low speed,
turn the band away from you to the first solid band past
the delay settings. For high-speed wiping, turn the band
further, to the second solid band past the delay settings.
To stop the wipers, move the band to off.
(High Speed): For high-speed wiping, turn the
band further, to the second solid band past the delay
settings.
(Off): To stop the wipers, move the band to off.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become
worn or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Windshield Washer
(Washer Fluid): There is a paddle marked with the
windshield washer symbol at the top of the multifunction
lever. To spray washer fluid on the windshield, push the
paddle. The wipers will clear the window and then either
stop or return to your preset speed.
Rear Window Washer/Wiper
This knob is located on the
instrument panel to the left
of the steering wheel.
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
To turn the rear wiper on, turn the knob to either 1 or 2.
For long delayed wiping, turn the knob to 1. For short
delayed wiping, turn the knob to 2.
(Off): To turn the wiper off, turn the knob to this
symbol.
(Washer Fluid): To wash the window, press the
knob with this symbol.
The rear window washer uses the same fluid bottle as the
windshield washer. However, the rear window washer
will run out of fluid before the windshield washer. If you
can wash your windshield but not your rear windows,
check the fluid level.
For more information, see “Low Washer Fluid” in
the Index.
2-45
| (On): This position
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
activates the system.
If you apply your brakes, the cruise control will shut off.
Cruise Control
(Off): This position
turns the system off.
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where you
+ (Resume/Accelerate): Push the lever to this symbol
to make the vehicle accelerate or resume to a
previously set speed.
(Set): Press this button to set the speed.
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D
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So, don’t
use your cruise control on winding roads or
in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery
roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel spinning,
and you could lose control. Don’t use cruise
control on slippery roads.
Setting Cruise Control
The CRUISE light on the
instrument panel cluster will
illuminate when the cruise
control is engaged.
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you want
to use cruise control.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off
the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch briefly from on
to resume/accelerate.
3. Press in the set button at the end of the lever and
release it.
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If you hold the switch at resume/accelerate the vehicle
will keep going faster until you release the switch or
apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster,
don’t hold the switch at resume/accelerate.
1. Move the cruise control switch to on.
2-47
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
D Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Press the button at the end of the lever, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higher speed.
D Move the cruise switch from on to
resume/accelerate. Hold it there until you get up to
the speed you want, and then release the switch.
To increase your speed in very small amounts,
move the switch briefly to resume/accelerate.
Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle
will slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may want to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
D Press in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
D To slow down in very small amounts, briefly press
the set button. Each time you do this, you’ll go
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Ending Cruise Control
There are three ways to turn off the cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal,
D move the cruise switch to off, or
D shift the transmission to NEUTRAL (N).
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
2-48
Exterior Lamps
(Off): Turn the control to this position and release it
to turn off all exterior lamps including the DRLs. A light
near the symbol will be lit when in this mode. To turn
the lamps back on when in this mode, turn the switch to
the headlamp mode. The off mode will cancel when the
vehicle is turned off.
This mode is not available for vehicle first sold in Canada.
(Parking Lamps): Turn the control to this position
to turn on the parking lamps, together with the following:
D Sidemarker Lamps
D Taillamps
D License Plate Lamps
D Instrument Panel Lights
D Roof Marker Lamps
The control on the driver’s side of your instrument panel
operates the exterior lamps.
The exterior lamp control has four positions:
AUTO: Turn the control to this position to put the
system into automatic headlamp mode. The Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) will also be activated if it is light
enough outside. A light near the symbol will be lit when
in this mode.
(Headlamps): Turn the control to this position
to turn on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
When the vehicle is turned off and the headlamps are in
AUTO, the headlamps may automatically remain on for
a set time. You can change this delay time using the
DIC. See “Driver Information Center” in the Index.
You can switch your headlamps from low to high-beam
by pushing the turn signal/multifunction lever toward
the instrument panel.
2-49
Automatic Headlamp System
Lamps On Reminder
When it is dark enough outside and the headlamp switch
is in AUTO, your automatic headlamp system will turn
on your headlamps at the normal brightness along with
other lamps such as the taillamps, sidemarker, parking
lamps, roof marker lamps and the instrument panel
lights. The radio lights will also be dim.
If a door is open, a reminder chime will sound when
your headlamps or parking lamps are manually turned
on and your key is out of the ignition. To turn off the
chime, turn the headlamp switch to off or AUTO and
then back on. In the automatic mode, the headlamps turn
off once the ignition is in LOCK and the headlamps on
at exit delay ends (if enabled in the DIC).
To turn off the automatic headlamp system, turn the
exterior lamps switch to the off position and then
release.
Your vehicle has a light sensor located on the top of
the instrument panel. Be sure it is not covered, or the
system will be on whenever the ignition is on.
The system may also turn on your headlamps when
driving through a parking garage, heavy overcast
weather or a tunnel. This is normal.
There is a delay in the transition between the daytime
and nighttime operation of the Daytime Running Lamps
(DRL) and the automatic headlamp systems so that
driving under bridges or bright overhead street lights
does not affect the system. The DRL and automatic
headlamp system will only be affected when the light
sensor sees a change in lighting lasting longer than
the delay.
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Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during
the day. DRL can be helpful in many different
driving conditions, but they can be especially helpful
in the short periods after dawn and before sunset.
Fully functional daytime running lamps are required
on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will come on when the following
conditions are met:
D
D
D
D
The ignition is on,
the exterior lamps control is in AUTO,
the transmission is not in PARK (P), and
the light sensor determines it is daytime.
When the DRL are on, only your DRL lamps will be on.
The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on.
The instrument panel won’t be lit up either.
Interior Lamps
When it begins to get dark, the automatic headlamp
system will switch from DRL to the headlamps.
The thumbwheel for this feature is located next to the
exterior lamps control.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
(Instrument Panel Lights): Turn the thumbwheel,
located next to the exterior lamps control, up or down to
brighten or dim the instrument panel lights and the radio
display. This will only work if the headlamps or parking
lamps are on.
Off-Road Lamps (If Equipped)
The off-road lamps button is located on the overhead
console.
To use the lamps, the engine must be running with the
transmission in a drive gear.
Remove the covers from the lamps and press the button
to turn the off road lamps on. Press the button again to
turn them off. An indicator light will glow near the
button when the lamps are on.
The off-road lamps will be cancelled when the ignition
is turned off. If you still want to use the lamps after you
restart the vehicle, you will need to press the off-road
lamp button again.
Instrument Panel Brightness Control
To turn on the dome lamps, with the vehicle doors
closed, turn the thumbwheel all the way up.
Exit Lighting
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on when
you remove the key from the ignition. The lamps will
not come on if the dome override button is pressed in.
See “Dome Lamps” later in this section for more
information on dome override.
2-51
Front Reading Lamps
Dome Lamps
The dome lamps and front reading lamps will come on
when you open a door and the dome override button is
in the out position.
You can also turn the dome lamps on by turning the
thumbwheel, located next to the exterior lamps control,
all the way up. In this position, the dome lamps will
remain on whether the doors are opened or closed.
Your vehicle has front reading lamps located in the
overhead console. Press the round button located next to
the lamp to turn the lamp on. The lamps can be adjusted
to point in the direction you want them to go.
Press the button again to turn the lamp off.
These lamps will also come on with the dome lamps.
(Dome Override): Press this button, located below
the exterior lamps control, to set the dome lamps to come
on automatically when the doors are opened, or to remain
off. To turn the lamps off, press the button to the in
position. With the button in this position, the dome lamps
will remain off when the doors are open. To return the
lamps to automatic operation, press the button again and
return the button to the out position. With the button in
this position, the dome lamps will come on when you
open a door.
Battery Run-Down Protection
This feature shuts off the dome, reading, glove box,
cargo and underhood lamps if they are left on for more
than 10 minutes when the ignition is off. This will keep
your battery from running down.
2-52
Mirrors
Electrochromic Inside Rearview Mirror
with Compass and Temperature Display
When on, an electrochromic mirror automatically dims
to the proper level to minimize glare from lights behind
you after dark.
Temperature and Compass Display
Press the COMP or TEMP button, briefly to turn the
comp/temp display on or off.
If the display reads CAL, you will need to calibrate
the compass. For more information on calibration,
see below.
To adjust between Fahrenheit and Celsius do the
following:
1. Press and hold the TEMP button for four seconds
until either a flashing _F or _C appears.
2. Press the button again to change the display to the
desired unit of measurement. After approximately
four seconds of inactivity, the new unit will be
locked in and the compass/temperature display
will return.
The mirror also includes a dual display in the upper
right corner of the mirror face. The compass reading and
the outside temperature will both appear in the display at
the same time.
2-53
Electrochromic Mirror Operation
To adjust for compass variance do the following:
The electrochromic (self-dimming) mirror function is
turned on automatically each time the ignition is started.
To operate the electrochromic mirror do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone number
on the following zone map.
1. Make sure the green indicator light, located to the
left of the COMP button, is lit. If it’s not, press and
hold the TEMP button for six seconds until the
green light comes on, indicating that the mirror is
in electrochromic (self-dimming) mode.
2. Turn off the electrochromic mirror function by
pressing and holding the TEMP button for six
seconds until the green indicator light turns off.
Compass Variance
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to compensate
for compass variance if you live outside of zone eight.
Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the difference
between earth’s magnetic north and true geographic
north. If not adjusted to account for compass variance,
your compass could give false readings.
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2. Press and hold the COMP button for nine seconds or
until a Z and a zone number appears in the display.
The compass is now in zone mode.
3. Keep pressing the COMP button until the desired
zone number appears in the display. Release the
button. After about four seconds of inactivity,
the new zone number will be locked in and the
comp/temp display will return.
In order to calibrate, CAL must be displayed in the
mirror compass windows. If CAL is not displayed,
press the COMP button for approximately 12 seconds
or until CAL is displayed.
4. Calibrate the compass as described below.
D Drive the vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less
Compass Calibration
The compass may need calibration if one of the
following occurs:
D If after five seconds, the display does not show a
compass heading (N for North, for example), there
may be a strong magnetic field interfering with the
compass. Such interference may be caused by a
magnetic antenna mount, magnetic note pad holder
or a similar magnetic item.
D The compass does not display the correct heading
The compass can be calibrated in one of two ways:
until the display reads a direction, or
D drive the vehicle on your everyday routine and after
several turns the compass will become calibrated and
will display a direction.
Cleaning the Mirror
Use a paper towel or similar material dampened with
glass cleaner. Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the
mirror as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter the
mirror housing.
and the compass zone variance is set correctly.
2-55
Power Outside Rearview Mirrors
The controls are located on
the driver’s door armrest.
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
CAUTION:
Move the upper selector switch to the left or right to
choose the mirror you want to adjust; then press the dots
located on the four-way control pad to adjust the mirror.
To fold or unfold the mirrors, put the upper selector
switch in the center position and then press and hold the
side (left or right) dots on the lower control until the
mirror begins to fold or unfold.
The mirrors also include a memory function which
works in conjunction with the memory seats. See
“Memory Seats” in the Index for more information.
2-56
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Heated Outside Rearview Mirrors
When you operate the rear window defogger, a defogger
also warms the heated driver’s and passenger’s outside
rearview mirrors to help clear them of ice, snow and
condensation. See “Rear Window Defogger” in the
Index for more information.
Electrochromic Rearview Outside Mirror
with Curb View Assist
The driver’s outside mirror will adjust for the glare of
the headlamps behind you. See “Electrochromic
Day/Night Rearview Mirror with Compass and
Temperature” earlier in this section.
Your vehicle’s mirrors will also be capable of
performing the curb view assist mirror function.
This feature will cause the passenger’s and/or driver’s
mirror to tilt to a preselected position when the
vehicle is in REVERSE (R). This feature may be
useful in allowing you to view the curb when you are
parallel parking.
When the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R) and a
short delay has occurred, the passenger’s and/or driver’s
mirror will return to its original position.
To change the preselected tilt position, adjust the
mirrors to the desired position while the vehicle is in
REVERSE (R). When the vehicle is shifted out of
REVERSE (R), this new position is saved in memory
as the tilt position.
This feature can be enabled/disabled through the Driver
Information Center. See “Personalization Features” in
the Index for more information.
Storage Compartments
Your vehicle includes a number of compartments for
storage of often-used items.
Glove Box
To open your glove box, pull the lever upward and
pull the door downward.
2-57
Overhead Console
Center Console Storage Area
Your vehicle is equipped with either a short or long
overhead console.
Your vehicle has a console compartment between the
bucket seats.
To open a door on the long console, push on the rear
edge of the door and let it swing open. Push the door up
until it latches to close the door.
To open it, press the button on the side and swing the
console lid open. The console includes CD holder slots
and a tissue holder which is located on the inside of the
console lid.
The overhead consoles also include the reading lamps
described earlier, the HomeLinkR transmitter, and
the sunroof button (if equipped) described later in
this section.
2-58
Rear Armrest/Cupholders
First Aid Kit (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have a first aid kit located in the
storage bin behind the spare tire. It is held in with straps.
Tool Kit (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have a tool kit located in the storage
bin behind the spare tire. It is held in with straps.
Cargo Tie Downs
Your vehicle is equipped with a rear armrest/cupholder
for the rear seat passengers.
To open it, pull up and then out on the tab, located at the
top center of the armrest, and pull the armrest down.
There are two cargo tie downs located on the inside of
the liftgate in the rear of the vehicle to secure cargo
inside the vehicle with the liftgate closed.
2-59
Luggage Carrier (If Equipped)
Adjusting the Crossrails
The luggage carrier allows you to load cargo on top
of your vehicle. It consists of siderails and crossrails.
The crossrails can be moved forward or backward to
accommodate various cargo sizes.
Adjust the crossrails to fit your load by doing the following:
NOTICE:
Loading cargo that weighs more than 300 lbs.
(660 kg) on the luggage carrier can damage your
vehicle. When you carry things, never let them
hang over the rear or sides of your vehicle.
Don’t load cargo directly on the roof of your
vehicle. Load cargo only on top of the crossrails
and tie the cargo down to the crossrail support
cargo tie-down loops.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when loading
your vehicle. For more information on vehicle capacity and
loading, see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
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1. Loosen the lock knobs on the crossrail support by
turning the knobs counterclockwise. Only loosen
them enough to allow the crossrails to slide easily.
2. Slide the crossrails to the desired position, being sure
to align the lines in the side rails with the arrows on
the crossrail supports.
Stop Tabs
3. Tighten the lock knobs and then try to move
the crossrails back and forth to be sure that they
do not move.
4. Once you load the cargo onto the crossrails, secure it
by tying it down to the crossrail support cargo
tie-down loops. Do not load cargo directly on the
roof or your vehicle.
Be sure you do not cover the roof marker lamps or
the Center-High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL),
located above the rear glass, with cargo.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check often to make sure that the cargo is still securely
fastened and that the crossrails are tight.
If your vehicle has a sunroof, it will have crossrail stop
tabs placed in the siderails. These tabs prevent you from
moving the crossrails past the opening of the sunroof
and loading cargo too far forward. Cargo loaded too
far forward could fall onto the sunroof and into the
passenger compartment. Loading cargo too far forward
could also cause the OnStar and navigation system
(if equipped) to function improperly or not at all.
Vehicles with the off-road lamps will have additional
stop tabs placed in the siderails to prevent you from
moving the lamps too far rearward, causing them to
shine into the optional sunroof opening.
2-61
Crossrail Channels
The crossrails have built in channels to allow you to
attach other items designed for this system such as
basket luggage carriers, bike racks, ski racks, etc.
2. Pull the end cap straight
out from the crossrail.
To use the crossrail channels do the following:
3. Peel back the rub strip from the crossrail.
4. Slide the accessory you are using into the crossrail
channel and secure it as the accessory instructions
direct.
5. Place the crossrail end cap back on and lock it
with the key.
1. Use the included key to unlock the crossrail end cap
by turning it counterclockwise. If you ever loose a
key, your dealer will be able to help you obtain a
replacement.
2-62
You will not be using the rub strip when you use
crossrail accessories. When you remove any crossrail
accessory, be sure to reinstall the rub strip. To do this,
press the rub strip in place until it seats back into the
channel of the crossrail.
Ashtray and Cigarette Lighter
The ashtray is removable and fits into the front cupholder.
NOTICE:
If you store paper or other things that burn in
your ashtray, they could be set on fire by cigarettes
or other smoking materials. That could cause a fire
and possibly damage your vehicle. Do not store
papers and other things that burn in the ashtray.
The cigarette lighter is located on the instrument panel
below the OnStar buttons.
NOTICE:
Holding a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it’s heating can make it overload, damaging
the lighter and the heating element. Just push the
lighter all the way in and let go. When it’s done,
it will pop back out by itself.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the top and
bottom visors. You can also swing the bottom visor from
side-to-side. The visors also have an extension that can
be pulled out for additional glare protection.
To use the cigarette lighter, push it in all the way, and
let go. When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirrors
To use the lighter, push it in all the way, and let it go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.
Pull the sun visor down and lift the mirror cover to turn
on the lamps.
2-63
Accessory Inflator (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have an air inflator system. The air
inflator is capable of re-inflating the vehicle’s tires if
they have been deflated. You can also inflate things like
basketballs, air mattresses and bicycle tires.
The air inflator is located
in the rear compartment
on the passenger’s side
of the vehicle.
To use the air inflator, attach the appropriate nozzle
adapter to the end of the hose if required. Then attach
the end of the hose to the object you wish to inflate.
Remove the dust cover from the outlet and attach the
hose to the outlet.
Press and release the switch to turn the inflator on or off.
When the inflator is on an indicator light will be lit.
When done with the inflator, place the inflator kit
accessories in the pouch and store it properly.
If your vehicle is equipped with the air suspension
system, load leveling will not occur with the inflator
hose attached to the inflator outlet. See “Air Suspension”
in the Index.
CAUTION:
The air inflator kit is located in the spare tire cover.
The kit includes a 22-foot (6.7 m) hose with three
nozzle adapters.
The engine must be running and the gearshift lever must
be in PARK (P) for the inflator to operate.
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Inflating something too much can make it explode,
and you or others could be injured. Be sure to
read the inflator instructions, and inflate any
object only to its recommended pressure.
Accessory Power Outlets
With accessory power outlets you can plug in auxiliary
electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or
other devices designed to operate with vehicle
electrical systems.
Your vehicle is equipped with five accessory power
outlets. The two front outlets are located under the
OnStar buttons on the instrument panel.
The two middle outlets are located on the back of the
center console.
There is also one accessory power outlet located in the
rear of the vehicle near the liftgate.
Flip the cover open to use the outlet. Close the cover
when the outlet is not in use.
Certain power accessory plugs may not be compatible to
the accessory power outlets and could result in blown
vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a problem,
see your dealer for additional information on the
accessory power plugs.
NOTICE:
Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle
can damage it or keep other things from working
as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment, and never use anything that
exceeds the fuse rating.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow
the proper installation instructions included with the
equipment.
NOTICE:
Power outlets are designed for accessory plugs
only. Do not hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug. Improper use
of the power outlet can cause damage not covered
by your warranty.
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OnStarR System (If Equipped)
OnStar is a vehicle communications system that offers a
variety of services and provides a one-touch hands-free
communication link between you and the OnStar Center.
To receive OnStar services, a service subscription
agreement is required and an additional fee may be
required. Services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days
a week. For more information, call 1-888-ONSTAR-7
(1-888-667-8277).
OnStar Services Button: Press this button once
to contact an advisor who will be able to assist you with
these services. If you are not quickly connected, the
system will automatically reset and redial. This ensures
connection to the center; there is no additional action
required. Press the Communication button to cancel the
automatic redial.
Emergency Button: In an emergency situation,
press the emergency service button. Upon receiving the
call, an advisor at the center will locate your vehicle and
assess the situation. If necessary, the advisor will alert
the nearest emergency service provider.
Communication Button: Press this button at the
end of a call. Also press this button to answer a call
from the center, or cancel a call if one of the other
buttons is accidentally pressed. This button is also used
to access OnStar Personal Calling and Virtual Advisor
services. See the OnStar owner package for more
information.
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Volume Control: You can control the volume of the
OnStar System using either the volume control knob
on the radio or if equipped, the steering wheel volume
controls.
Telltale Light: This light will indicate the status of
the system. A solid green light will come on when you
start the vehicle to let you know that the system is on
and is ready to make or receive calls.
If the light blinks green it means that an incoming or
outgoing call is in progress. Press the Communication
button if you notice the light blinking and you are not
on a call.
The light will be red in the event of an OnStar system
malfunction. If this occurs press the OnStar button to
attempt to contact an advisor. If the connection is made,
the advisor will assist you with steps to take to make
sure that the system is functioning properly. If you
cannot contact the advisor, take your vehicle to your
dealership as soon as possible for assistance.
OnStar Services
The following services are available within OnStar service
plans. Your vehicle comes with a specific one-year service
plan that allows use of some or all of the following services.
D Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment:
If an air bag deploys, a priority emergency signal is
sent automatically to the center. An advisor will
locate your vehicle’s position, try to contact you and
assist you in the situation. If the center is unable to
contact you, an emergency service provider will be
contacted.
D Stolen Vehicle Tracking: Call the center at
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) to report your
vehicle stolen. The system can then attempt to locate
and track your vehicle and the advisor will assist the
proper authorities.
D Roadside Assistance with Location: For vehicle
breakdowns, press the OnStar Services button.
An advisor will contact the appropriate help.
Cellular Antenna: The cellular antenna on the outside
of your vehicle is critical to effective communication
using the OnStar system.
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D Remote Diagnostics: If an instrument panel light
comes on, press the OnStar Services button.
An advisor can perform a check of the engine
on-board computer, and recommend what action
needs to be taken.
D Vehicle Locator Service: To contact the center,
call 1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to
provide your security information. An advisor will
send a command to your vehicle to sound the horn
and/or flash the lamps.
D OnStar MED-NET: Med-Net can store your
D Route Support: An advisor can provide directions or
D Accident Assist: An advisor can provide
step-by-step guidance following an accident.
D Remote Door Unlock: To contact the center,
call 1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to
D Ride Assist: An advisor can locate transportation in
personal medical history and provide it to emergency
personnel if necessary. (Requires activation and an
additional fee.)
provide your security information. An advisor will
send a command to your vehicle to unlock itself.
The advisor can delay unlocking your vehicle.
Remote Door Unlock is disabled 48 hours after the
vehicle is parked to maintain the battery charge.
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guidance to most places you want to go. In addition,
they can help you locate gas stations, rest areas,
ATMs, hospitals, hotels, stores, eateries and more.
the event that you are unable to drive.
D Concierge Services: The concierge advisor can
obtain tickets, reservations or help with vacation/trip
planning and other unique items and services.
OnStar System Limitations
Complete limitations can be found on the subscriber
services agreement. In order to provide you with
excellent service, calls with the OnStar Center may be
monitored or recorded.
OnStar Service is:
D available in the 48 contiguous United States, Alaska,
Hawaii and Canada;
D available when the vehicle is within the operating
range of a cellular provider;
D subject to limitations caused by atmospheric
conditions, such as severe weather or topographical
conditions, such as mountainous terrain.
D subject to cellular carrier equipment limitations.
D subject to limitations caused by baggage loaded on
the roof rack and placement of the luggage rack
crossrails (if equipped).
OnStar will not function if the vehicle’s battery is
discharged or disconnected. It may also be inoperative
if the vehicle is in an accident and the OnStar or vehicle
electrical system components are damaged.
OnStar is the communication link between you and
existing governmental emergency and roadside service
providers. OnStar will receive your call and use
reasonable effort to contact an appropriate provider.
OnStar cannot promise that the providers will respond
in a timely manner or at all.
OnStar Steering Wheel Control
You can use the steering
wheel control to interact
with the OnStar system.
See the OnStar manual
provided with your vehicle
for more information.
Global positioning locating capabilities will not be
available if satellite signals are obstructed.
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Sunroof (Option)
To close the sunroof, press and hold the front side of the
button until the sunroof reaches the desired position or
until it is fully closed. If you are closing the sunroof
completely, be sure to hold the button down until the
glass stops moving.
To adjust the sunshade, pull it backward or forward to
the desired position. Although the sunshade opens
automatically when opening the sunroof, it must be
manually pulled closed after closing the sunroof.
The sunshade can not be opened further than the open
position of the sunroof.
To open the sunroof and sunshade, press and hold the
rear side of the button, located on the overhead console,
until the sunroof reaches the desired position or until it
stops at the built-in comfort position. The comfort
position stops the sunroof from opening completely.
To open the sunroof past the comfort position, press and
hold the rear side of the button again until the sunroof
reaches the desired position or until it stops. This will be
the full open position.
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Vent Position
The vent position allows you to open the rear of the
sunroof by tilting it upward. To use the vent position,
start with the sunroof closed, then press and hold the
front side of the button, located on the overhead console,
until the sunroof reaches the desired vent position or
until it stops moving.
To close the sunroof from the vent position, press and
hold the rear side of the button until the sunroof reaches
the desired position or until it is fully closed.
HomeLinkR Transmitter
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
HomeLink, a combined universal transmitter and
receiver, provides a convenient way to replace up to
three hand-held transmitters used to activate devices
such as gate operators, garage door openers, entry door
locks, security systems and home lighting. Additional
HomeLink information can be found on the internet at
www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
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Programming HomeLink
Do not use the HomeLink Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Keep the original transmitter for use in other vehicles as
well as for future HomeLink programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle, the
programmed HomeLink buttons should be erased for
security purposes. Refer to “Programming HomeLink”
(Step 1 only) or, for assistance, contact HomeLink on
the internet at: www.homelink.com or by calling
1-800-355-3515.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the
garage door or gate operator you are programming.
When programming a garage door, it is advised to
park outside of the garage.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
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Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons,
releasing only when the indicator light begins to
flash (after 20 seconds). Do not hold down the
buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not
repeat this step to program a second and/or third
transmitter to the remaining two HomeLink buttons.
2. Position the end of your hand held transmitter about
1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the HomeLink
buttons while keeping the indicator light in view.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the desired
button on HomeLink and the hand-held transmitter
button. Do not release the buttons until Step 4 has
been completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers may
require you to substitute Step 3 with the procedures
noted in “Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming” found later in this section.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly and then rapidly
after HomeLink successfully receives the frequency
signal from the hand held transmitter. Release both
buttons.
6. At the garage door opener receiver (motor-head unit)
in the garage, locate the “Learn” or “Smart” button.
This can be usually found where the hanging antenna
wire is attached to the motor-head unit.
5. Press and hold the just-trained HomeLink button
and observe the indicator light.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or “Smart”
button. The name and color of the button may vary
by manufacturer.
If the indicator light stays on constantly, programming
is complete and your device should activate when the
HomeLink button is pressed and released.
To program the remaining two HomeLink buttons,
begin with Step two under “Programming
HomeLink”. Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase
all of the programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds
and then turns to a constant light, continue with
Steps 6-8 following to complete the programming
of a rolling code equipped device (most commonly a
garage door opener).
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle and firmly press, hold for two
seconds, and release the programmed HomeLink
button. Repeat the press/hold/release sequence a
second time, and depending on the brand of the
garage door opener (or other rolling code device),
repeat this sequence a third time to complete the
programming.
HomeLink should now activate your rolling code
equipped device.
To program the remaining two HomeLink buttons,
begin with Step 2 of “Programming HomeLink”.
Do not repeat Step 1.
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Gate Operator and Canadian Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to “time out” or quit after several seconds
of transmission. This may not be long enough for
HomeLink to pick up the signal during programming.
Similar to Canadian law, some U.S. gate operators are
manufactured to “time out” in the same manner.
If you live in Canada or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator by using the
“Programming HomeLink” procedures (regardless of
where you live), replace Step 3 under “Programming
HomeLink” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the HomeLink button while
you press and release every two seconds (cycle) your
hand-held transmitter until the frequency signal has
been successfully accepted by HomeLink. The indicator
light will flash slowly and then rapidly. Proceed with
Step 4 under “Programming HomeLink” to complete.
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Using HomeLink
Press and hold the appropriate button on HomeLink for
at least half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Erasing HomeLink Buttons
To erase programming from the three buttons, press and
hold down the two outside buttons until the indicator
light begins to flash (after 20 seconds). Release both
buttons. Do not hold for longer than 30 seconds.
HomeLink is now in the train (learning) mode and can
be programmed at any time beginning with Step 2 under
“Programming HomeLink”.
Individual buttons can not be erased, but they can be
reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a Single
HomeLink Button” next.
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink Button
Resetting Defaults
To program a device to HomeLink using a HomeLink
button previously trained, follow these steps:
To reset HomeLink to default settings, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (approximately 20 seconds). Continue to hold both
buttons until the HomeLink indicator light turns off and
then release both buttons.
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink button.
Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the HomeLink
button, proceed with Step 2 under “Programming
HomeLink”.
For questions or comments, contact HomeLink
at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet at
www.homelink.com.
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The Instrument Panel - Your Information System
2-76
The main components of your instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets
M. Driver Information Center Buttons
B. Exterior Lamps Control
N. Parking Brake Release
C. Radio and OnStar Steering Wheel Controls
O. Traction Control Button
D. Instrument Panel Cluster
P. Ride Height Selector Button (If Equipped)
E. Locking Rear Axle and All-Wheel Drive Buttons
Q. Tow/Haul Selector Button
F. Audio System
R. Cigarette Lighter
G. Air Bag Switch
S. Shift Lever
H. Glovebox
T. Accessory Power Outlets
I. Rear Wiper/Washer Control
U. OnStar Buttons
J. Dome Lamp Override Button
V. Rear Window Defogger Button
K. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
W. Comfort Control System
L. Tilt Lever
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Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, about how much fuel you have and many other things you’ll need to know to drive safely and
economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
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Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
Your vehicle’s odometer works together with the driver
information center. You can set a personal trip and
business trip odometer. See “Trip Information Button”
in the Index for more information.
The odometer mileage can be checked without the
vehicle running. Simply press the trip stem on the
instrument panel cluster.
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer
in the shaded warning area, or engine damage
will occur.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. The new one will be set to the
correct mileage total of the old odometer.
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Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center (DIC)
that works along with the warning lights and gages.
See “Driver Information Center (DIC) in the Index.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN, a chime will come on
for several seconds to remind people to fasten their safety
belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for several seconds, then it
will flash for several more.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
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Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the air bag sensors, the air
bag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag
system, see “Air Bag” in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your vehicle,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
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Air Bag Off Light
When you turn the right front passenger’s air bag off,
this light will come on and stay on to remind you that
the air bag has been turned off. This light will go off
when you turn the air bag back on again. See “Air Bag
Off Switch” in the Index for more on this, including
important safety information.
Canada
CAUTION:
United States
2-82
If the right front passenger’s air bag is turned off
for a person who isn’t in a risk group identified
by the national government, that person won’t
have the extra protection of an air bag.
CAUTION: (Continued)
CAUTION: (Continued)
In a crash, the air bag wouldn’t be able to
inflate and help protect the person sitting there.
Don’t turn off the passenger’s air bag unless the
person sitting there is in a risk group. See “Air Bag
Off Switch” in the Index for more on this,
including important safety information.
CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light ever comes on when
you have turned off the air bag, it means that
something may be wrong with the air bag system.
The right front passenger’s air bag could inflate
even though the switch is off.
If this ever happens, don’t let anyone whom the
national government has identified as a member
of a passenger air bag risk group sit in the right
front passenger’s position (for example, don’t
secure a rear-facing child restraint in the right
front passenger’s seat) until you have your
vehicle serviced.
Charging System Indicator Light
The charging system light
will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition, but
the engine is not running,
as a check to show you
it is working.
It should go out once the engine is running. If it stays
on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have a
problem with the charging system. It could indicate that
you have problems with a generator drive belt, or
another electrical problem. Have it checked right away.
Driving while this light is on could drain your battery.
When this light comes on the DIC will also display
the battery not charging message. See “DIC” later in
this section.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the
radio and air conditioner.
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Voltmeter
Brake System Warning Light
When the engine is running,
the gage shows the condition
of the charging system.
Readings between the low
and high warning zones
indicate the normal
operating range.
Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a
large number of electrical accessories are operating in
the vehicle and the engine is left at an idle for an
extended period. This condition is normal since the
charging system is not able to provide full power at
engine idle. As engine speeds are increased, this
condition should correct itself as higher engine speeds
allow the charging system to create maximum power.
You can only drive for a short time with the reading in
either warning zone. If you must drive, turn off all
unnecessary accessories.
Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible
problem in the electrical system. Have the vehicle
serviced as soon as possible.
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When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on when you set your parking brake. The light
will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully.
If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released,
it means you have a brake problem. If you try to drive
with the parking brake engaged, a chime will sound and
the parking brake indicator will flash.
With the ignition on, the brake system warning light will
flash when you set the parking brake. The light will
flash if the parking brake doesn’t release fully. If you
try to drive with the parking brake engaged, a chime
will sound.
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though,
you need both parts working well.
If the warning light and chime come on, there could be
a brake problem. Have your brake system inspected
right away.
CAUTION:
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
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Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will
come on when you start
your engine and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light stays on, or comes on when you’re driving,
your vehicle needs service. If the regular brake system
warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you
don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes
and there’s a problem with your regular brakes. See
“Brake System Warning Light” earlier in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
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United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature. If the
gage pointer moves into the red area, it means that
your engine coolant has overheated. If you have been
operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions,
you should pull off the road, stop your vehicle and turn
off the engine as soon as possible.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index for more
information.
Transmission Temperature Gage
The transmission will return to normal shifting patterns
when the transmission fluid temperature falls below
260_F (127_C).
See “Driver Information Center” in the Index for
further information.
United States
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a transmission
temperature gage.
When your ignition is on, the gage shows the temperature
of the transmission fluid. The normal operating range is
from 100_F (38_C) to about 265_F (130_C).
At approximately 265_F (130_C), the DIC will display
a TRANSMISSION HOT message and the transmission
will enter a transmission protection mode. When the
transmission enters the protection mode, you may
notice a change in the transmission shifting patterns.
If the transmission fluid reaches temperatures of
approximately 275_F (135_C) or greater, the DIC
will display a TRANS HOT IDLE ENGINE warning
message. Pull the vehicle off the roadway when it
is safe to do so. Set the parking brake, place the
transmission in PARK (P) and allow the engine to
idle until the transmission temperature falls below
260_F (127_C). If the transmission continues to
operate above 265_F (130_C), please contact your
nearest dealer or the GM Roadside Assistance Center.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with the
transmission temperature gage above the
normal operating range, you can damage the
transmission. This could lead to costly repairs
that may not be covered under your warranty.
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The following situations can cause the transmission to
operate at higher temperatures:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Towing a trailer,
hot outside air temperatures,
hauling a large or heavy load,
low transmission fluid level,
high transmission fluid level,
restricted air flow to the radiator and the auxiliary
transmission oil cooler.
A temporary solution to hotter transmission operating
temperatures may be to let the transmission cool down.
If the transmission is operated at higher temperatures on
a frequent basis, see “Scheduled Maintenance” in the
Index for the proper transmission maintenance intervals.
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TRAC OFF Light
The TRAC OFF light
will come on when a
Traction Control System,
Anti-Lock Brake System
or engine-related problem
has been detected and the
vehicle needs service.
Adjust your driving accordingly. See “Traction Control
System (TCS)” in the Index.
If the TCS detects that the vehicle’s brakes are
overheating, the TCS will shut off and the TRAC OFF
light will come on. When the brakes cool off, the TCS
will turn back on automatically and the TRAC OFF light
will go out.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Check Engine Light)
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The CHECK ENGINE light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transmission,
exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle
or the replacement of the original tires with
other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to
costly repairs not covered by your warranty.
This may also result in a failure to pass a
required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
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This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
D Reducing vehicle speed.
D Avoiding hard accelerations.
D Avoiding steep uphill grades.
D If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
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If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index.
The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap
has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or
missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly
installed should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See “Fuel” in the Index. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as
designed. You may notice this as stalling after
start-up, stalling when you put the vehicle into gear,
misfiring, hesitation on acceleration or stumbling on
acceleration. (These conditions may go away once the
engine is warmed up.) This will be detected by the
system and cause the light to turn on.
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
CHECK ENGINE light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days of
routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle
still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to
prepare the vehicle for inspection.
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Oil Pressure Gage
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
United States
Canada
The oil pressure gage shows the engine oil pressure in
psi (pounds per square inch) when the engine is running.
Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in kPa (kilopascals).
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil problems
can be costly and is not covered by your warranty.
Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside
temperature and oil viscosity, but readings above the
low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by a
dangerously low oil level or other problems causing low
oil pressure.
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Security Light
Cruise Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn
the key toward START.
The light will stay on
until the engine starts.
If the light flashes, the PasslockR system has entered a
tamper mode. If the vehicle fails to start, see “Passlock”
in the Index.
If the light comes on continuously while driving and
stays on, there may be a problem with the Passlock
system. Your vehicle will not be protected by Passlock,
and you should see your dealer.
The cruise light comes on
whenever you set your
cruise control. See “Cruise
Control” in the Index.
Tow/Haul Light
This light is displayed
when the tow/haul mode
has been activated.
Also, see “Content Theft-Deterrent” in the Index for
additional information regarding the security light.
For more information see, “Tow/Haul Mode” in
the Index.
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Here are some situations you may experience with your
fuel gage. None of these indicate a problem with the
fuel gage.
Fuel Gage
D At the gas station, the fuel pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
D It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
fuel gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to fill
the tank.
United States
Canada
When the ignition is on, the fuel gage tells you about
how much fuel you have left in your tank.
The gage will first indicate empty before you are out of
fuel, and you should get more fuel as soon as possible.
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D The gage goes back to empty when you turn off
the ignition.
Low Fuel Light
The light next to the fuel gage will come on briefly
when you are starting the engine.
This light comes on when the fuel tank is low on fuel.
To turn it off, add fuel to the fuel tank. See “Fuel”
in the Index.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
DIC Operation and Displays
The DIC display is located on the instrument panel
cluster above the steering column. The DIC can display
information such as the trip odometer, fuel economy and
personalization features.
The DIC comes on when the ignition is on. After a short
delay the DIC will display the current driver and the
information that was last displayed before the engine
was turned off.
If a problem is detected, a warning message will
appear on the display. Pressing any of the four buttons
will acknowledge (clear) most current warnings or
service messages. Some warnings that can not be
acknowledged (cleared) are: ENGINE OVERHEATED,
OIL PRESSURE LOW, REDUCED ENGINE POWER,
TRANS HOT IDLE ENGINE. These warnings must be
dealt with immediately and therefore can not be cleared
until the problem has been corrected.
A (Trip Information): This button will display the
odometer, personal trip odometer, business trip
odometer, hourmeter, annual log and the timer.
B (Fuel Information): This button will display the
current range, average fuel economy, instant fuel
economy and engine oil life.
C (Personalization): This button will change personal
options available on your vehicle.
D (Select): This button resets certain functions and turns
off or acknowledges messages on the DIC.
The DIC has different modes which can be accessed by
pressing the four buttons on the DIC. These buttons are
trip information, fuel information, personalization and
select. The button functions are detailed in the following.
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Trip Information Button
Use the trip information button to scroll through the
SEASON ODOMETER, PERSONAL TRIP ON/OFF,
BUSINESS TRIP ON/OFF, HOURMETER, ANNUAL
LOG and TIMER. If the personal trip and/or the
business trip are set to ON, you will also be able to
scroll through more messages. See “Personal Trip” and
“Business Trip” next for more information.
Personal Trip
If the PERSONAL TRIP is on (turn it on or off by
pressing the select button) you will also be able to scroll
through the following:
D PERSONAL: XX MI--This shows the current
distance traveled since the last reset for the personal
trip odometer in either miles or kilometers.
D PERSONAL: XX.X MPG--This shows the amount
of fuel used for the personal trip.
D PERSONAL: AVG ECONOMY--This shows how
many miles per gallon of fuel your vehicle is getting
for the personal trip based on current and past
driving conditions.
D PERSONAL: AVG MPH--This shows the vehicle’s
average speed for the personal trip.
D PERSONAL: % ANNUAL--This shows the ratio of
personal trip miles to annual miles as a percent.
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Business Trip
If the BUSINESS TRIP is on (turn it on or off by
pressing the select button) you will also be able to
scroll through the following:
D BUSINESS: XX MI--This shows the current
distance traveled since the last reset for the business
trip odometer in either miles or kilometers.
D BUSINESS: XX.X MPG--This shows the amount
of fuel used for the business trip.
D BUSINESS: AVG ECONOMY--This shows how
many miles per gallon of fuel your vehicle is getting
for the business trip based on current and past
driving conditions.
D BUSINESS: AVG MPH--This shows the vehicle’s
average speed for the business trip.
D BUSINESS: % ANNUAL--This shows the ratio of
business trip miles to annual miles as a percent.
To reset the personal or business trip information, do the
following: press and hold select button for two seconds
while in one of the personal or business trip modes.
This will reset all of the information for the personal or
business trip.
You can also reset the PERSONAL: XX MI, or
BUSINESS: XX MI, while they are displayed by
pressing the reset stem on the cluster. If you press and
hold the reset stem or select button for four seconds,
the display will show the distance traveled since the last
ignition cycle for the personal or business trip.
Season Odometer
Press the trip information button until SEASON
ODOMETER appears on the display. This shows the
total distance the vehicle has been driven in either miles
or kilometers. Pressing the reset stem located on the
instrument cluster with the vehicle off will also display
the season odometer.
Hourmeter
Press the trip button to scroll to the hourmeter.
The hourmeter shows the total number of hours the
engine has run. Pressing the reset stem on the instrument
cluster will also display the hourmeter after the season
odometer is displayed.
Annual Log
Press the trip button to scroll to the annual log.
The annual log shows the mileage accumulated since
it was last reset. To reset the annual log, press and hold
the select button for two seconds.
Timer
The DIC can be used as a stopwatch. Press the select
button while TIMER is displayed to start the timer.
The display will show the amount of time that has
passed since the timer was last reset (not including time
the ignition is off). Time will continue to be counted
as long as the ignition is on, even if another display is
being shown on the DIC. The timer will record up to
99 hours, 59 minutes and 59 seconds (99:59:59) after
which the display will roll back to zero.
To stop the counting of time, press the select button
briefly while TIMER is displayed.
To reset the timer to zero, press and hold the select
button while TIMER is displayed.
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Fuel Information Button
Use the fuel information button to scroll through the
range, average fuel economy, instant fuel economy and
the GM Oil Life System .
t
Fuel Range
Press the fuel information button until RANGE appears
to display the remaining distance you can drive without
refueling. It’s based on fuel economy and the fuel
remaining in the tank. The display will show LOW if the
fuel level is low.
The fuel economy data used to determine fuel range is
an average of recent driving conditions. As your driving
conditions change, this data is gradually updated.
Fuel range cannot be reset.
Average Fuel Economy
Press the fuel information button until AVG ECON appears
in the display. Average fuel economy is how many miles
per gallon your vehicle is getting based on current and
past driving conditions.
Press and hold the select button for two seconds while
AVG ECON is displayed to reset the average fuel economy.
Average fuel economy will then be calculated starting from
that point. If the average fuel economy is not reset, it will be
continually updated each time you drive.
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Instant Fuel Economy
Press the fuel information button until INST ECON
appears in the display. Instant fuel economy is how many
miles per gallon your vehicle is at the particular moment
in time. The instant fuel economy cannot be reset.
t
GM Oil Life System
Press the fuel information button until ENGINE OIL
LIFE appears in the display. The GM Oil Life System
shows an estimate of the oil’s remaining useful life.
It will show 100% when the system is reset after an
oil change. It will alert you to change your oil on a
schedule consistent with your driving conditions.
t
Always reset the engine oil life after an oil change.
To reset the Oil Life System press and hold the select
button for five seconds while ENGINE OIL LIFE is
displayed. OIL LIFE RESET will appear on the display
for 10 seconds to let you know the system is reset.
The DIC does not replace the need to maintain your
vehicle as recommended in the Maintenance Schedule
in this manual. Also, the oil change reminder will not
detect dusty conditions or engine malfunctions that
may affect the oil. Also, the oil change reminder does
not measure how much oil you have in your engine.
So, be sure to check your oil level often. See “Engine
Oil” in the Index.
Personalization Button
You can program certain features to a preferred setting
for up to two people. Press the personalization button
to scroll through the following personalization features.
All of the personalization options may not be available
on your vehicle. Only the options available will be
displayed on your DIC.
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
ALARM WARNING TYPE
AUTOMATIC LOCKING
AUTOMATIC UNLOCKING
SEAT POSITION RECALL
PERIMETER LIGHTING
REMOTE LOCK FEEDBACK
REMOTE UNLOCK FEEDBACK
HEADLAMPS ON AT EXIT
CURB VIEW
EASY EXIT SEAT
DISPLAY UNITS (E/M)
DISPLAY LANGUAGE
The default options for the above features were set when
your vehicle left the factory. The default options are
noted in the text following, but may have been changed
from their default state since then.
The driver’s preferences can be recalled by pressing the
unlock button on the remote keyless entry transmitter
labeled 1 or 2 or by pressing the appropriate memory
button 1 or 2 located on the driver’s door.
Alarm Warning Type
Press the personalization button until ALARM
WARNING TYPE appears in the display. To select your
personalization for alarm warning type, press the select
button while ALARM WARNING TYPE is displayed on
the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll through the
following choices:
ALARM WARNING: BOTH (default): The
headlamps will flash and the horn will chirp when the
alarm is active.
ALARM WARNING: OFF: There will be no alarm
warning on activation.
ALARM WARNING: HORN: The horn will chirp
when the alarm is active.
ALARM WARNING: LAMPS: The headlamps will
flash when the alarm is active.
Choose one of the four options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature. For more
information on alarm warning type see “Content
Theft-Deterrent” in the Index.
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Automatic Locking
Automatic Unlocking
Press the personalization button until AUTOMATIC
LOCKING appears in the display. To select your
personalization for automatic locking, press the select
button while AUTOMATIC LOCKING is displayed on
the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll through
the following choices:
Press the personalization button until AUTOMATIC
UNLOCKING appears in the display. To select your
personalization for automatic unlocking, press the select
button while AUTOMATIC UNLOCKING is displayed
on the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll
through the following choices:
LOCK DOORS OUT OF PARK (default): The doors
will lock when the vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P).
UNLOCK ALL IN PARK (default): All of the doors
will unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
LOCK DOORS MANUALLY: The doors will not be
locked automatically.
UNLOCK ALL AT KEY OUT: All of the doors will
unlock when the key is taken out of the ignition.
LOCK DOORS WITH SPEED: The doors will lock
when the vehicle speed is above 8 mph (13 km/h) for
three seconds.
UNLOCK DOORS MANUALLY: The doors will not
be unlocked automatically.
Choose one of the three options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature. For more
information on automatic door locks see “Programmable
Automatic Door Locks” in the Index.
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UNLOCK DRIVER IN PARK: The driver’s door will
be unlocked when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
Choose one of the four options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature. For more
information on automatic door locks see “Programmable
Automatic Door Locks” in the Index.
Seat Position Recall
Perimeter Lighting
Press the personalization button until SEAT POSITION
RECALL appears in the display. To select your
personalization for seat position recall, press the select
button while SEAT POSITION RECALL is displayed
on the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll
through the following choices:
Press the personalization button until PERIMETER
LIGHTING appears in the display. To select your
personalization for perimeter lighting, press the select
button while PERIMETER LIGHTING is displayed on
the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll through
the following choices:
SEAT POSITION RECALL OFF (default):
The memory seat position you saved will only be
recalled when the memory button 1 or 2 is pressed.
PERIMETER LIGHTING ON (default):
The headlamps and back-up lamps will come on
for 40 seconds, if it is dark enough outside, when you
unlock the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
SEAT POSITION RECALL AT KEY IN:
The memory seat position you saved will be recalled
when you put the key in the ignition.
SEAT POSITION RECALL ON REMOTE:
The memory seat position you saved will be recalled
when you unlock the vehicle with the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
Choose one of the three options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature. For more
information on seat position recall see “Memory Seat
and Mirrors” in the Index.
PERIMETER LIGHTING OFF: The perimeter lights
will not come on when you unlock the vehicle with the
remote keyless entry transmitter.
Choose one of the two options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it and move on to the next feature.
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Remote Lock Feedback
Remote Unlock Feedback
Press the personalization button until REMOTE LOCK
FEEDBACK appears in the display. To select your
personalization for the feedback you will receive when
locking the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter, press the select button while REMOTE
LOCK FEEDBACK is displayed on the DIC. Pressing
the select button will scroll through the following choices:
Press the personalization button until REMOTE UNLOCK
FEEDBACK appears in the display. To select your
personalization for the feedback you will receive when
unlocking the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter, press the select button while REMOTE
UNLOCK FEEDBACK is displayed on the DIC. Pressing
the select button will scroll through the following choices:
LOCK FEEDBACK: BOTH (default): The parking
lamps will flash each time you press the button with the
lock symbol on the remote keyless entry transmitter
and the horn will chirp the second time you press the
lock button.
UNLOCK FEEDBACK: LAMPS (default):
The parking lamps will flash each time you press the
button with the unlock symbol on the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
LOCK FEEDBACK: OFF: There will be no feedback
when locking the vehicle.
LOCK FEEDBACK: HORN: The horn will chirp the
second time you press the button with the lock symbol
on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
LOCK FEEDBACK: LAMPS: The parking lamps
will flash each time you press the button with the lock
symbol on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Choose one of the four options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it and move on to the next feature.
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UNLOCK FEEDBACK: BOTH: The parking lamps
will flash each time you press the button with the unlock
symbol on the remote keyless entry transmitter and
the horn will chirp the second time you press the
unlock button.
UNLOCK FEEDBACK: OFF: There will be no
feedback when unlocking the vehicle.
UNLOCK FEEDBACK: HORN: The horn will chirp
the second time you press the button with the unlock
symbol on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Choose one of the four options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it and move on to the next feature.
Headlamps on at Exit
Curb View Assist
Press the personalization button until HEADLAMPS
ON AT EXIT appears in the display. To select your
personalization for how long the headlamps will stay on
when you turn off the vehicle, press the select button
while HEADLAMPS ON AT EXIT is displayed on the
DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll through the
following choices:
Press the personalization button until CURB VIEW
ASSIST appears in the display. To select your
personalization for curb view assist, press the select
button while CURB VIEW ASSIST is displayed on
the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll through
the following choices:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
HEADLAMP DELAY: 10 SEC (default)
HEADLAMP DELAY: 20 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY: 40 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY: 60 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY: 120 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY: 180 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY OFF
The amount of time you choose will be the amount of
time that the headlamps stay on after you turn off the
vehicle. If you choose off, the headlamps will turn off
as soon as you turn off the vehicle.
Choose one of the seven options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it and move on to the next feature.
CURB VIEW: OFF (default): Neither outside mirror
will be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
CURB VIEW: PASSENGER: The passenger’s outside
mirror will be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted
into REVERSE (R).
CURB VIEW: DRIVER: The driver’s outside mirror
will be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
CURB VIEW: BOTH: The driver’s and passenger’s
outside mirror will be tilted down when the vehicle is
shifted into REVERSE (R).
Choose one of the four options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it and move on to the next feature.
For more information on tilt mirror in reverse
see “Curb View Assist Mirror” in the Index.
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Easy Exit Seat
Display Units (ENG/MET)
Press the personalization button until EASY EXIT
SEAT appears in the display. To select your
personalization for seat position exit, press the select
button while SEAT POSITION EXIT is displayed on
the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll through
the following choices:
Press the personalization button until DISPLAY UNITS
appears in the display. To select English or metric, press
the select button while DISPLAY UNITS is displayed
on the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll
through the following choices:
SEAT POSITION EXIT OFF (default): The driver’s
seat will move to the exit position when the key is
removed from the ignition.
SEAT POSITION EXIT ON: No seat exit recall
will occur.
Choose one of the two options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature. For more
information on seat position exit see “Memory Seat and
Mirrors” in the Index.
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D UNITS: ENGLISH
D UNITS: METRIC
If you choose English, all information will be displayed
in English units. For example, distance in miles and fuel
economy in miles per gallon.
Choose one of the two options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and end out of the personalization options.
Display Language
Select Button
To select your personalization for display language,
press the select button while DISPLAY LANGUAGE is
displayed on the DIC. Pressing the select button will
scroll through the following languages:
D English
D French
D Spanish
The select button is used to reset certain functions and
turn off or acknowledge messages on the DIC display.
The select button also toggles through the options
available in each personalization menu. For example,
this button will reset the trip odometers, turn off the
FUEL LEVEL LOW message, and toggle through
the languages you can select the DIC to display
information in.
Choose one of the three options and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
If you accidentally choose a language that you don’t
want or understand, press and hold the personalization
button and the trip information button at the same time.
The DIC will begin scrolling through the languages in
their particular language. English will be in English,
French will be in French and so on. When you see the
language that you would like, release both buttons.
The DIC will then display the information in the
language you chose.
You can also scroll through the different languages by
pressing and holding the trip reset stem for four seconds,
as long as you are in the season odometer mode.
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DIC Warnings and Messages
Warning messages are displayed on the DIC to notify
the driver that the status of the vehicle has changed and
that some action may be needed by the driver to correct
the condition. If there is more than one message that
needs to be displayed they will appear one after another.
Some messages may not require immediate action but
you should press the select button to acknowledge that
you received the message and clear it from the display.
Some messages cannot be cleared from the display
because they are more urgent. These message required
action before they can be removed from the DIC display.
The following are the possible messages that can be
displayed and some information about them.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL
This message is displayed when the engine oil needs to
be changed. See “GM Oil Life System” previously in
this section for information on how to reset the message.
OIL LIFE RESET
This message will appear on the display for about
10 seconds after resetting the change engine oil message.
LOW COOLANT LEVEL
If the engine coolant level is low, this message will appear
on the DIC. Adding coolant will clear the message.
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ENGINE COOLANT HOT
If the cooling system temperature gets hot, this message
will appear in the DIC. Stop the vehicle and let the
engine idle in PARK (P) to allow the coolant to reach
a safe temperature. This message will clear when the
coolant temperature drops to a safe operating
temperature.
ENGINE OVERHEATED
If the engine cooling system reaches unsafe
temperatures for operation, this message will appear in
the DIC and you will hear a chime. Stop and turn off
the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so to avoid severe
damage. This message will clear when the engine has
cooled to a safe operating temperature.
OIL PRESSURE LOW
If low oil pressure levels occur, this message will be
displayed on the DIC and a chime will sound. Stop the
vehicle as soon as safely possible and do not operate it
until the cause of the low oil pressure has been
corrected. Check your oil as soon as possible and
have your vehicle serviced.
REDUCED ENGINE POWER
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
This message is displayed when the cooling system
temperature gets too hot and the engine further enters
the engine coolant protection mode.
If a problem occurs with the brake system, this message
will appear on the DIC. If this message appears, stop as
soon as possible and turn off the vehicle. Restart the
vehicle and check for the message on the DIC display.
If the message is still displayed, or appears again when
you begin driving, the brake system needs service.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index for further
information.
BATTERY NOT CHARGING
If the battery is not charging during operation, this
message will appear on the DIC. Driving with this
problem could drain your battery. Have the electrical
system checked as soon as possible. Pressing the select
button will acknowledge this message and clear it from
the DIC display.
SERVICE AIR BAG
If there is a problem with the air bag system, this
message will be displayed on the DIC. Have a qualified
technician inspect the system for problems. Pressing the
select button will acknowledge this message and clear it
from the DIC display.
SERVICE 4WD
If a problem occurs with the four wheel drive system,
this message will appear on the DIC. If this message
appears, stop as soon as possible and turn off the
vehicle. Restart the vehicle and check for the message
on the DIC display. If the message is still displayed,
or appears again when you begin driving, the four wheel
drive system needs service.
SERVICE AIR SUSPENSION
If a problem occurs with the suspension system, this
message will appear on the DIC. If this message
appears, stop as soon as possible and turn off the
vehicle. Restart the vehicle and check for the message
on the DIC display. If the message is still displayed,
or appears again when you begin driving, the air
suspension system needs service.
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TURN SIGNAL ON
CHECK ENG OIL LEVEL
If a turn signal is left on for 3/4 of a mile (1.2 km), this
message will appear on the display and you will hear a
chime. Move the turn signal/multifunction lever to the
off position. Pressing the select button will acknowledge
this message and clear it from the DIC display.
If the oil level in the vehicle is low, this message will
appear on the DIC. Check the oil level and correct it as
necessary. You may need to let the vehicle cool or warm
up and cycle the ignition to be sure this message will
clear. Once the problem is corrected, pressing the select
button will clear this message from the DIC display.
REAR ACCESS OPEN
If the liftgate is open while the ignition is in RUN,
this message will appear on the DIC and you will hear
a chime. Turn off the vehicle and check the liftgate.
Restart the vehicle and check for the message on
the DIC display. Pressing the select button will
acknowledge this message and clear it from the
DIC display.
FUEL LEVEL LOW
If the fuel level is low, this message will appear on the
DIC and you will hear a chime. Refuel as soon as
possible. Pressing the select button will acknowledge
this message immediately and clear it from the DIC
display. It will also clear itself after 10 seconds.
The low fuel light near the fuel gage will still remain
on in either case.
2-108
CHECK WASHER FLUID
If the washer fluid level is low, this message will appear
on the DIC. Adding washer fluid will clear the message.
Pressing the select button will acknowledge this
message and clear it from the DIC display.
TRACTION ACTIVE
When the traction control system has detected that any
of the vehicle’s wheels are slipping, the traction control
system will activate and this message will appear on the
DIC. For more information see “Traction Control”
in the Index.
TRANSMISSION HOT
If the transmission fluid temperature becomes high,
the message center will display this message.
When the transmission enters the protection mode,
you may notice a change in the transmission shifting
patterns. When the transmission fluid temperature
returns to normal, the display will turn off and the
transmission shifting patterns will return to normal.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with the
transmission TRANSMISSION HOT message
displayed, you can damage the transmission.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered under your warranty.
The following situations can cause the transmission to
operate at higher temperatures:
D Towing a trailer
D Hot outside air temperatures
D Hauling a large or heavy load
D Low transmission fluid level
D High transmission fluid level
D Restricted air flow to the radiator and the auxiliary
transmission oil cooler.
A temporary solution to hotter transmission operating
temperatures may be to let the transmission cool down.
If the transmission is operated at higher temperatures on
a frequent basis, see “Scheduled Maintenance” in the
Index for the proper transmission maintenance intervals.
TRANS HOT IDLE ENGINE
If the transmission fluid in the vehicle gets hot,
this message will appear on the DIC. Driving with the
transmission fluid temperature high can cause damage
to the vehicle. Stop the vehicle and let it idle to allow
the transmission to cool. This message will clear when
the fluid temperature reaches a safe level.
2-109
ICE POSSIBLE
LEFT REAR DOOR AJAR
If the outside temperature reaches a level where ice
could form on the roadway, this message may appear
on the DIC. This message will clear after about
10 seconds. Pressing the select button will acknowledge
this message and clear it from the DIC display instantly.
If the driver’s side rear door is not fully closed and the
vehicle is in a drive gear, this message will appear on
the display and you will hear a chime. Stop and turn off
the vehicle, check the door for obstacles, and close the
door again. Check to see if the message still appears on
the DIC. Pressing the select button will acknowledge
this message and clear it from the DIC display.
DRIVER DOOR AJAR
If the driver’s door is not fully closed and the vehicle is
in a drive gear, this message will appear on the display
and you will hear a chime. Stop and turn off the vehicle,
check the door for obstacles, and close the door again.
Check to see if the message still appears on the DIC.
Pressing the select button will acknowledge this
message and clear it from the DIC display.
PASSENGER DOOR AJAR
If the passenger’s door is not fully closed and the
vehicle is in a drive gear, this message will appear on
the display and you will hear a chime. Stop and turn off
the vehicle, check the door for obstacles, and close the
door again. Check to see if the message still appears on
the DIC. Pressing the select button will acknowledge
this message and clear it from the DIC display.
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RIGHT REAR DOOR AJAR
If the passenger’s side rear door is not fully closed and
the vehicle is in a drive gear, this message will appear
on the display and you will hear a chime. Stop and turn
off the vehicle, check the door for obstacles, and close
the door again. Check to see if the message still appears
on the DIC. Pressing the select button will acknowledge
this message and clear it from the DIC display.
RKE # BATTERY LOW
If a remote keyless entry transmitter battery is low,
this message will appear on the DIC. The battery needs
to be replaced in the transmitter. Pressing the select
button will acknowledge this message and clear it from
the DIC display.
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-10
3-11
3-21
Comfort Controls
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilation System
Audio Systems
Setting the Time
AM-FM Radio with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data System
(RDS) and Automatic Tone Control (BoseR)
AM-FM Radio with Six-Disc Compact Disc
Player with Equalization and Radio Data
System (RDS) (BoseR) (If Equipped)
3-31
3-32
3-33
3-34
3-34
3-35
3-36
3-36
3-36
3-36
Rear Seat Audio
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Roof Mast Antenna
Chime Level Adjustment
3-
3-1
Comfort Controls
This section tells you how to use the comfort controls.
Automatic Dual Zone Comfort Control
System
With these systems, you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle. Your vehicle also has a
flow-through ventilation system described later in
this section.
Comfort Controls Personalization
You can store and recall the climate control settings
for temperature, air delivery mode and fan speed for
two different drivers. The personal choice settings
recalled are determined by the transmitter used to
enter the vehicle.
After the button with the unlock symbol on a remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed, the climate control
will adjust to the last settings of the identified driver.
The settings can also be changed by pressing one of the
memory buttons (1 or 2) located on the driver’s door.
When adjustments are made, the new settings are
automatically saved for that driver.
With this system, you can select different comfort
control settings for the driver and passengers.
(Fan): The switch with the fan symbol allows you
to manually adjust the fan speed. Press the up arrow
to increase fan speed and the down arrow to decrease
fan speed.
Pressing this button when the system is off will turn the
system on.
3-2
(Mode): Press this button to manually select the air
delivery mode to the floor, panel or windshield outlets.
The system will stay in the selected mode until the mode
button is pressed again or the AUTO button is pressed.
Driver’s Side Temperature Knob
The driver’s side knob is used to adjust the temperature
of the air coming through the system on the driver’s
side. The temperature can be adjusted even if the system
is turned off. This is possible since outside air will
always flow through the system as the vehicle is
moving forward unless it is set to recirculation mode.
See “Recirculation” later in this section.
Turn the knob counterclockwise or clockwise to lower
or increase the cabin temperature. The display will show
the temperature setting decreasing or increasing and an
arrow pointing to the driver will be displayed under and
to the left of the temperature setting.
Passenger’s Side Temperature Knob
The passenger’s side knob can be used to change the
temperature of the air coming through the system on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle. The temperature can be
adjusted even if the system is turned off. This is possible
since outside air will always flow through the system
as the vehicle is moving forward unless it is set to
recirculation mode. See “Recirculation” later in this
section.
Turn the knob counterclockwise or clockwise to lower
or increase the cabin temperature. The display will show
the temperature setting decreasing or increasing and an
arrow pointing to the passenger will be displayed under
and to the right of the temperature setting.
The passenger’s temperature setting can be set to match
the driver’s temperature setting by pressing and holding
the AUTO button for four seconds. Both the driver and
passenger arrows will be displayed.
The temperature to the rear seat area is also controlled
by using this knob.
3-3
Display
Manual Operation
If you press the MODE button to select an air delivery
mode, the display will change to show you the selected
air delivery mode. After ten seconds, the display will
change to show the driver temperature setting and the
selected mode.
You may manually adjust the air delivery mode or fan
speed. Use the mode button to cycle through the
following four air delivery modes:
If you press the up or down arrows on the fan switch,
the display will change to show the selected fan speed.
After ten seconds, the display will change to show the
driver temperature setting and the selected mode.
(Bi-Level): This setting will deliver warmer air to
the floor and cooler air to the instrument panel outlets.
Whenever you press AUTO, the display will change to
show the following:
D the current driver’s set temperature and an arrow for
five seconds,
D the current passenger’s set temperature setting and
an arrow for five seconds and
D the automatic air delivery mode and fan speed.
If the driver’s and passenger’s temperature settings are
the same when AUTO is pressed, the temperature
setting and both arrows will be displayed for five
seconds along with the automatic air delivery mode and
fan speed. After the five second update, the display will
change to show the temperature setting, both arrows
and AUTO.
3-4
(Panel): This setting will deliver air to the instrument
panel outlets.
(Floor): This setting will deliver air to the
floor outlets.
(Defog): This setting will deliver air to the floor and
windshield outlets.
(Off): Press this button to turn the system off.
Some fresh air will continue to flow through the vehicle
from the floor outlets. The system will try to maintain
the previously chosen temperature setting. The display
will be blank.
Press the up or down arrows on the fan switch, the mode
button or the AUTO button to turn the system on when
it is off.
The air delivery modes and temperature selections may
still be used while the system is off. This is possible
since outside air will always flow through the system as
the vehicle is moving forward unless the system is set to
recirculation mode. See “Recirculation” later in this
section.
When the weather is cool or damp, operating the system
in recirculation for extended periods of time may cause
fogging of the vehicle’s windows. To clear the fog,
select either defog or front defrost. Be sure A/C off is
not selected. You will want to allow the air conditioning
to run automatically to help dehumidify the air.
(Recirculation): Press this button to limit the
amount of outside air entering your vehicle. The light on
the recirculation button will glow. This is helpful when
you are trying to limit odors entering your vehicle and
for maximum air conditioning performance in hot
weather. Press this button again to allow outside air to
enter the vehicle. The light on the recirculation button
will go off.
(Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn the
air conditioning compressor on and off.
Pressing this button cancels the auto recirculation feature.
To resume the auto recirculation function, press the
AUTO button. Each time the vehicle is started, the
system will revert to the auto recirculation function.
If you select recirculation while in defrost, defog or
floor, the light on the button will flash and go out to let
you know this is not allowed. This is to prevent fogging.
(Air Conditioning Off): When you turn the air
conditioning off, this symbol will appear on the display.
When air conditioning is selected or in AUTO mode,
the system will run the air conditioning automatically to
cool and dehumidify the air entering the vehicle. If you
select A/C off while in front defrost or defog, the A/C
off symbol will flash to let you know this is not allowed.
This is to prevent fogging.
(Front Defrost): Press the front defrost button
to defrost the windshield. The system will automatically
control the fan speed if you select defrost from AUTO
mode. If the outside temperature is 40_F (4_C)
or warmer, your air conditioning compressor will
automatically run to help dehumidify the air and dry
the windshield.
3-5
Automatic Operation
Press the AUTO button to set the system to automatically
control the air delivery mode, fan speed, air temperature
and recirculation operations.
Pressing this button when the system is off will turn the
system on.
When AUTO is selected, the air conditioning operation
and air inlet will be automatically controlled. The air
conditioning compressor will run when outside
temperature is over approximately 40_F (4_C).
The air inlet will normally be set to outside air. If it’s
hot outside, the air inlet will automatically switch to
recirculated inside air to help quickly cool down
your vehicle.
To find your comfort setting, start with a 74_ F (23_C)
temperature setting and allow about 20 minutes for the
system to regulate. Turn the driver’s or passenger’s side
temperature knob to adjust the temperature setting as
necessary. If you choose the temperature setting of
60_F (15_C), the system will remain at the maximum
cooling setting. If you choose the temperature setting of
90_F (32_C), the system will remain at the maximum
heat setting. Choosing either maximum setting will not
cause the vehicle to heat or cool any faster.
3-6
Be careful not to cover the sensor located on the top of
the instrument panel near the windshield. This sensor
regulates air temperature based on sun load.
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the system
will delay turning on the fan until warm air is available.
The length of delay depends on the engine coolant
temperature. Pushing the fan switch will override this
delay and change the fan to a selected speed.
Air Conditioning
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best.
On cool, but sunny days while using manual operation
of the automatic system, use bi-level to deliver warm air
to the floor and cooler air to the instrument panel
outlets. To warm or cool the air delivered, turn the
temperature knob to the desired setting.
In AUTO mode the system will cool and dehumidify
the air inside the vehicle. Also while in AUTO mode,
the system will maximize its performance by using
recirculation as necessary.
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
On cold days when using manual operation of the the
automatic system, choose floor mode to deliver air to
the floor outlets. To warm or cool the air delivered, turn
the temperature knob to the desired setting.
On cool, humid days, use defog to keep the windshield
and side windows clear. Use front defrost to remove fog
or ice from the windshield quickly in extremely humid
or cold conditions.
If you want to use the automatic mode, press AUTO and
adjust the temperature by turning the temperature knob.
When using manual operation, choose defog and adjust
the fan speed to your comfort level. When using front
defrost, increase the temperature and fan speed settings.
The heater works best if you keep the windows closed
while using it.
If you use the automatic operation and you select front
defrost or defog from AUTO, the system will control the
fan speed. Adjust the temperature and fan speed to your
comfort level. After the windshield is clear, adjust the
temperature to your normal setting and select the AUTO
button and return to AUTO mode and fan control.
For maximum front defrost performance under extreme
icing or frosting conditions, increase the temperature
setting to 90_F (32_C) and increase the fan speed
to high.
3-7
Rear Window Defogger
The lines you see on the
rear window warm the
glass. Press the button to
start warming your window.
A light will glow in the
button while the defogger
is working.
This button will also activate the heated mirrors.
After 10 minutes it will turn off by itself, or press the
button during the heating cycle to turn it off. If you need
additional warming time, push the button again.
3-8
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the defogger grid. The repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
Ventilation Tips
Ventilation System
For mild outside temperatures when little heating or
cooling is needed, use the panel outlet setting to direct
outside air through your vehicle. Air will flow through
the instrument panel outlets.
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when it’s moving. When the
vehicle is not moving, you can get outside air to flow
through by selecting any air delivery mode and any
fan speed.
Your vehicle has air outlets
that allow you to adjust the
direction and amount of
airflow inside the vehicle.
Push the knob up, down,
left or right to direct the
airflow. Increase or decrease
the amount of air flow by
turning the knob, located in
the center of the vents.
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction such as leaves. The heater and
defroster will work better, reducing the chance of
fogging your windows.
D In cool damp weather, minimize your use of
recirculation to reduce the chance of fogging
your windows.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
objects. This helps air to circulate throughout
your vehicle.
D Adding outside equipment to the front of your
vehicle, such as hood air deflectors, etc., may affect
the performance of the heating and air conditioning
system. Check with your dealer before adding
equipment to the outside of the vehicle.
The rear seat outlets work the same as the front outlets.
3-9
Audio Systems
Setting the Time
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and to give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Your radio may have a button marked with an H or HR
to represent hours and an M or MN to represent minutes.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off.
See “Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
Press and hold the hour button until the correct hour
appears on the display. AM or PM will also appear.
Press and hold the minute button until the correct minute
appears on the display. The time may be set with the
ignition on or off.
To synchronize the time with an FM station
broadcasting Radio Data System (RDS) information,
press and hold the hour and minute buttons at the same
time for two seconds until RDS TIME appears on the
display. To accept the RDS time and to update the radio,
press the hour and minute buttons at the same time for
longer than two seconds. If the time is not available
from the station, NO UPDATE or NO UPDAT will
appear on the display instead.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. Once you have
tuned to an RDS broadcast station, it may take a few
minutes for your time to update.
3-10
AM-FM with Cassette Tape and Compact
Disc Player with Radio Data System (RDS)
and Automatic Tone Control (BoseR)
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): Your audio system
monitors the noise inside your vehicle. To use automatic
volume, press the AUTO VOL button until AVOL ON
appears on the display. Then, automatic volume will
automatically adjust the volume of your radio so that it
always sounds the same to you. To turn the automatic
volume off, press the AUTO VOL button until AVOL
OFF appears on the display.
DISP (Display): Press this button to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Time display is available with the ignition turned off.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
Playing the Radio
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
SEEK : Press the right or the left arrow
to seek to the next or to the previous station and
stay there.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
A
"
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-11
A
"
SCAN : Press and hold one of the arrows for
more than two seconds. The radio will produce one
beep. The radio will scan to a station, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next station. SCAN will
be displayed. Press one of the arrows again to stop
scanning.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
To scan your preset stations, press and hold one of
the arrows for more than four seconds. The radio will
produce two beeps. The radio will scan to the first
preset, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. SCAN will be displayed. Press one of the
arrows again or one of the pushbuttons to stop scanning.
The radio will scan only to presets that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3-12
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization that best
suits the type of station you are listening to.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons.
The radio will produce one beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station you set
will return and the equalization that you selected will
also be automatically selected for that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
To adjust the bass and treble to the middle position, push
and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one
beep and adjust the display level to the middle position.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this
button to choose equalization settings.
Your audio system allows you to choose from four
different equalization settings: normal, driver, rear and
spacious. These settings can be used while listening to
the radio, the cassette tape, or the CD player.
NORMAL: This setting enhances the stereo effect.
DRIVER: This setting gives the driver the best sound
quality.
REAR: This setting gives the rear seat passengers the
best sound quality.
SPACIOUS: This setting makes the listening space
seem larger.
The radio will save separate AUTO EQ settings for each
preset and source.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: To adjust the balance to the right and the left
speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until BAL
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound
toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the fade to the front and the rear speakers,
push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE appears
on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound toward
the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
push the AUDIO knob then push it again and hold it
until the radio produces one beep. The balance and fade
will be adjusted to the middle position and the display
will show the speaker balance.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
3-13
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use
only on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
Using this system, the radio can do the following:
DISP (Display): Press this knob to change what appears
on the display while using RDS. The display options are
station name, RDS station frequency, PTY and the name
of the program (if available). Pressing and holding this
knob will activate the RDS default display.
D Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type
Finding RDS Stations
D receive announcements concerning local and
P-TYPE LIST (Program Type): Turn this knob to
select the program type (PTY) you want to listen to.
TYPE and a PTY will appear on the display.
of programming,
national emergencies,
D display messages from radio stations, and
D seek to stations with traffic announcements.
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause the
radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
or the call letters will appear on the display, instead of
the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the time
of day, a program type (PTY) for current programming
and the name of the program being broadcast.
3-14
SEEK TYPE: Press this button to seek to the first RDS
broadcaster of the selected program type. If the radio
cannot find the desired program type, NONE will appear
on the display and the radio will return to the last station
you were listening to.
A
"
SEEK : Press one of the arrows to find radio
stations for the PTY that you want to listen to. The last
PTY selected will be used for seek or scan. If a station
with the selected PTY is not found, NONE will appear
on the display.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. Press and hold BAND for two
seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations. Press and hold BAND again for two seconds
to turn alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on
the display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
When you turn the ignition off and then on again,
the alternate frequency feature will be at the last setting
selected.
Setting Preset PTY Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These buttons have factory PTY presets.
You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Press the SEEK TYPE button to activate program
type select mode.
3. Turn the P-TYPE LIST knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current radio
station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted or
a cassette tape or compact disc is playing. If the cassette
tape or compact disc player is playing, play will stop
during the announcement. You will not be able to turn
off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by all
RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on
the display. Press this button to see the message.
The message may the artist and song title, call in
phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of it will
appear every three seconds. To scroll through the
message at your own speed, press the INFO button
repeatedly. A new group of words will appear on the
display with each press. Once the complete message has
been displayed, the information symbol will disappear
from the display until another new message is received.
3-15
The old message can be displayed by pressing the
INFO button until a new message is received or a
different station is tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station,
NO INFO will be displayed.
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to seek to a station
that broadcasts traffic announcements. TRAF will
appear on the display. If no station is found, NO TRAF
will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current
station or on a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or a
compact disc is playing. The traffic symbol and
TRAFFIC will appear on the display while the traffic
announcement plays. If the cassette tape or the compact
disc player is being used, play will stop during the
announcement.
3-16
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): This message is
displayed when the radio has not been calibrated
properly for the vehicle. You must return to the
dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCKR system has locked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in this
player. The longer side with the tape visible should face
to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off,
the tape can be inserted and will begin playing. A tape
symbol is shown on the display whenever a tape is
inserted. If you hear nothing but a garbled sound, the
tape may not be in squarely. Press the eject symbol to
remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, AUDIO and
SEEK controls just as you do for the radio. The display
will show TAPE and an arrow showing which side of
the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape while the ignition is off,
first press the eject symbol or DISP.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for previous
to work. Press this pushbutton to go to the previous
selection on the tape if the current selection has been
playing for less than three seconds. If pressed when the
current selection has been playing from 3 to 13 seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the previous selection or
the beginning of the current selection, depending upon
the position on the tape. If pressed when the current
selection has been playing for more than 13 seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the current selection.
SEEK and a negative number will appear on the display
while the cassette player is in the previous mode.
Pressing this pushbutton multiple times will increase
the number of selections to be searched back, up to -9.
2 NEXT: Your tape must have at least three seconds of
silence between each selection for next to work. Press
this pushbutton to go to the next selection on the tape.
If you press the pushbutton more than once, the player
will continue moving forward through the tape. SEEK
and a positive number will appear on the display.
3 REV (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to reverse the
tape rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed.
The radio will play while the tape reverses. The station
frequency and REV will appear on the display. You may
select stations during reverse operation by using the
TUNE and SEEK.
4 FWD (Forward): Press this pushbutton to advance
quickly to another part of the tape. Press this pushbutton
again to return to playing speed. The radio will play
while the tape advances. The station frequency and
FWD will appear on the display. You may select stations
during forward operation by using TUNE and SEEK.
5 SIDE: Press this pushbutton to play the other side of
the tape.
3-17
A
"
SEEK : The right arrow is the same as the NEXT
pushbutton, and the left arrow is the same as the PREV
pushbutton. If the arrow is held or pressed more than
once, the player will continue moving forward or
backward through the tape. SEEK and a positive or
negative number will appear on the display.
A SCAN ": Press and hold one of the arrows for more
than two seconds. SCAN will be displayed and the radio
will produce one beep. Use this feature to listen to each
selection on the current side of the tape for 10 seconds.
Press either arrow again, to stop scanning. Your tape
must have at least 3 seconds of silence between each
selection for scan to work.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
tape is playing. The tape will stop but remain in the
player.
Cassette Tape Messages
CHK TAPE (Check Tape): If CHK TAPE appears on
the radio display, the tape won’t play because of one of
the following errors.
D
D
D
The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the
tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with
the open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape
may be damaged and should not be used in the
player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is
working properly.
The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
The tape is wrapped around the tape head.
Attempt to get the cassette out. Try a new tape.
TAPE CD: Press this button to play a tape when
listening to the radio. Press this button to switch
between the tape and compact disc if both are loaded.
The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
CLEAN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
(Eject): Press this button to to eject a tape. Eject
may be activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may
be loaded with the radio off if this button is pressed first.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-18
CD Adapter Kits
Playing a Compact Disc
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the bypass
feature on your tape player.
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull it in and the disc should begin
playing. The display will show the CD symbol. If you
want to insert a compact disc with the ignition off, first
press the eject symbol or DISP.
To activate the bypass feature, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE DISC button for
five seconds. The radio will display READY and the
tape symbol on the display will flash, indicating the
feature is active.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot. It will power
up the radio and begin playing.
The override feature will remain active until the eject
symbol is pressed.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track if the current track has been playing for
less than eight seconds. If pressed when the current track
has been playing for more than eight seconds, it will go
to the beginning of the current track. TRACK and the
track number will appear on the display. If you hold this
pushbutton or press it more than once, the player will
continue moving back through the disc.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving forward through
the disc.
3-19
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the passage.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the passage.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM
ON will appear on the display. RDM T and the track
number will appear on the display when each track starts
to play. Press this pushbutton again to turn off random
play. RDM OFF will appear on the display.
A SEEK ": Press the left arrow to go to the start of the
current or to the previous track. Press the right arrow to
go to the start of the next track. If either arrow is held or
pressed more then once, the player will continue moving
backward or forward through the CD.
3-20
A SCAN ": Press and hold one of the arrows for more
than two seconds. SCAN will be displayed and the radio
will produce one beep. Use this feature to listen to each
track for 10 seconds. Press either arrow again, to stop
scanning.
DISP (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time
will appear on the display. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press the
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when
a CD is playing. The CD will stop but remain in the
player.
TAPE DISC: Press this button to play a tape when
listening to the radio. Press this button to switch
between the tape and compact disc if both are loaded.
The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
(Eject): Press this button to stop a CD when it is
playing or to eject a CD when it is not playing. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
Compact Disc Messages
ERR (Error): If this message appears on the display, it
could be for one of the following reasons:
AM-FM Radio with Six-Disc Compact Disc
Player with Equalization and Radio Data
System (RDS) (BoseR) (If Equipped)
D You are driving on a very rough road. (The CD
should play when the road gets smoother.)
D A CD is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
D The CD player is very hot.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOLUME: Turn the knob to increase or to decrease
volume.
3-21
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): Your audio system
monitors the noise inside your vehicle. Then, AUTO
VOL automatically adjusts the volume so that it always
sounds the same to you. To use automatic volume, press
the AUTO VOL button until AVOL ON appears on the
display. To turn automatic volume off, press the AUTO
VOL button until AVOL OFF appears on the display.
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SCAN : Press and hold either SCAN arrow for
two seconds until SC appears on the display and you
hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either
SCAN arrow again to stop scanning.
Finding a Station
To scan preset stations, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds. PRESET SCAN
will appear on the display. You will hear a double beep.
The radio will go to a preset station stored on your
pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next preset station. Press either SCAN arrow again to
stop scanning presets.
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
RCL (Recall): Push this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time. Time
display is available with the ignition turned off.
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
t SEEK u : Press the right or the left arrow to go to
the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
3-22
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization that best
suits the type of station selected.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this
button to choose equalization settings.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton, the station you set will return
and the equalization that you selected will also be
automatically selected for that pushbutton.
The setting last chosen will appear on the display when
you first press AUTO EQ. Each time you press this
button, another setting will appear on the display and
AUTO EQ will switch to one of the preset settings
listed later.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Your audio system allows you to choose from four
different equalization settings: normal, driver, rear and
spacious. These settings can be used while listening to
the radio, the cassette tape, or the CD player.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
AUDIO: Push the AUDIO knob until BASS or TREB
appears on the display. Turn the knob to increase or to
decrease. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want to
decrease the treble.
To adjust bass or treble to the middle position, select
BASS or TREB and push and hold the AUDIO knob.
The radio will produce one beep and adjust the display
level to zero.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and CENTERED will appear on the display.
NORMAL: This setting enhances the stereo effect.
DRIVER: This setting gives the driver the best
sound quality.
REAR: This setting gives the rear seat passengers the
best sound quality.
SPACIOUS: This setting makes the listening space
seem larger.
The radio will save separate AUTO EQ settings for each
preset and source.
3-23
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
Using RDS
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and the
left speakers, push the AUDIO knob until BAL appears
on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound toward
the left or the right speakers.
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use
only on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
Using this system, the radio can do the following:
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, push and hold the AUDIO knob until FAD
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound
toward the front or the rear speakers.
D Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
select balance or fade and push and hold the AUDIO
knob. The radio will beep once and will adjust the
display level to the middle position.
D display messages from radio stations, and
D seek to stations with traffic announcements.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when tone
or speaker controls are not displayed. The radio will
produce one beep and CENTERED will appear on
the display.
of programming,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will work only when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause the
radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
or the call letters will appear on the display instead of
the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the time
of day, a program type (PTY) for current programming
and the name of the program being broadcast.
3-24
Finding a PTY Station
P-TYPE (Program Type Button): Press this button
to turn on and off program type (PTY) select mode.
PTY and the light next to the button will turn on.
The last selected PTY will appear on the display for
five seconds.
P-TYPE (Program Type Knob): Turn the P-TYPE
knob to select the PTY you want to listen to.
To use the PTY interrupt feature, press and hold the
P-TYPE button until you hear a beep on the PTY you
want to interrupt with. When you are listening to a
compact disc, the last selected RDS station will interrupt
play if that selected program type format is broadcast.
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SEEK SCAN : Press an arrow to find radio
stations for the PTY you want to listen to. The last PTY
selected will be used for seek or scan modes. If a station
with the selected PTY is not found, NONE FOUND will
appear on the display.
If both P-TYPE and TRAF are on, the radio will search
for stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. Press and hold BAND for two
seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations. Press and hold BAND again for two seconds
to turn alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on
the display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
When you turn the ignition off and then on again, the
alternate frequency feature will be at the last setting
selected.
Setting PTY Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These buttons have factory PTY presets.
You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program type
select mode.
3. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-25
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current radio
station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted or
a compact disc is playing. If the compact disc player is
playing, play will stop during the announcement.
You will not be able to turn off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by all
RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. The message may the artist
and song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of it will
appear every three seconds. To scroll through the
message at your own speed, press the INFO button
repeatedly. A new group of words will appear on the
display with each press. Once the complete message has
been displayed, INFO will disappear from the display
until another new message is received. The old message
can be displayed by pressing the INFO button until
a new message is received or a different station is
tuned to.
3-26
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to seek to a station
that broadcasts traffic announcements. TRAF will
appear on the display. If no station is found, NO TRAF
will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current
station or on a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a compact disc is
playing. If the compact disc player is being used,
play will stop during the announcement.
Playing a Compact Disc
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
LOAD CD
: Press the LOAD side of this button to
load CDs into the compact disc player. This compact
disc player will hold up to six discs.
To insert one disc, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and release the LOAD side of the LOAD
CD button.
3. Wait for the light, located to the right of the slot,
to turn green.
4. Load a disc. Insert the disc partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull the disc in.
When a disc is inserted, the CD symbol will be
displayed. If you select an equalization setting for your
disc, it will be activated each time you play a disc.
If the radio is on or off, the disc will begin to play
automatically.
To insert multiple discs, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and hold the LOAD side of the LOAD CD
button for two seconds.
You will hear a beep and the light, located to the
right of the slot, will begin to flash.
3. Once the light stops flashing and turns green,
load a disc. Insert the disc partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull the disc in.
Once the disc is loaded, the light will begin flashing
again. Once the light stops flashing and turns green
you can load another disc. The disc player takes
up to six discs. Do not try to load more than six.
To load more than one disc but less than six, complete
Steps 1 through 3. When you have finished loading
discs, with the radio on or off, press the LOAD side of
the LOAD CD button to cancel the loading function.
The radio will begin to play the last CD loaded.
When a disc is inserted, the CD symbol will be
displayed. If more than one disc has been loaded,
a number for each disc will be displayed. If you select
an equalization setting for your disc, it will be activated
each time you play a disc.
If the radio is on or off, the last disc loaded will begin to
play automatically.
4. As each new track starts to play, the track number
will appear on the display.
Playing a Specific Loaded Compact Disc
For every CD loaded, a number will appear on the radio
display. To play a specific CD, first press the CD AUX
button to start playing a CD. Then press the numbered
pushbutton that corresponds to the CD you want to play.
A small bar will appear under the CD number that is
playing, and the track number will appear.
If an error appears on the radio display, see “Compact
Disc Messages” later in this section.
(Eject): Pressing the CD eject side of this button
CD
will eject a single disc or multiple discs. To eject the disc
that is currently playing, press and release this button.
To eject multiple discs, press and hold this button for
two seconds. You will hear a beep and the light will flash
to let you know when a disc is being ejected.
3-27
REMOVE CD will be displayed. You can now remove
the disc. If the disc is not removed, after 25 seconds, the
disc will be automatically pulled back into the receiver.
If you try to push the disc back into the receiver, before
the 25 second time period is complete, the receiver will
sense an error and will try to eject the disc several times
before stopping.
Do not repeatedly press the CD eject side of the LOAD
CD eject button to eject a disc after you have tried to
push it in manually. The receiver’s 25-second eject
timer will reset at each press of eject, which will cause
the receiver to not eject the disc until the 25-second time
period has elapsed.
Once the player stops and the disc is ejected, remove the
disc. After removing the disc, press the PWR knob off
and then on again. This will clear the disc-sensing feature
and enable discs to be loaded into the player again.
% REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button to reverse
quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a reduced
volume. Release it to play the passage. The display will
show elapsed time.
&
FWD (Forward): Press and hold this button to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at
a reduced volume. Release it to play the passage.
The display will show elapsed time.
3-28
RPT (Repeat): With repeat, you can repeat one track or
an entire disc. To use repeat, do the following:
D To repeat the track you are listening to, press and
release the RPT button. RPT will appear on the
display. Press RPT again to turn it off.
D To repeat the disc you are listening to, press and hold
the RPT button for two seconds until you hear a
beep. RPT will appear on the display. Press RPT
again to turn if off.
RDM (Random): With random, you can listen to the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order, on one
disc or on all of the discs. To use random, do one of the
following:
D To play the tracks on the disc you are listening to in
random order, press and hold RDM for more than
two seconds. You will hear a beep and RANDOM
ONE will appear on the display. Press RDM again to
turn if off.
D To play the tracks on all of the discs that are loaded
in random order, press and release the RDM button.
RANDOM ALL will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn it off.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press AUTO
EQ to select the desired preset equalization setting
while playing a compact disc. The equalization will be
automatically set whenever you play a compact disc.
See “AUTO EQ” listed previously for more information.
RCL (Recall): Push this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. To change what is
normally shown on the display (track or elapsed time),
push this knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob until the display flashes.
SEEK : To seek, press the left arrow while playing
a CD to go to the start of the current track,
if more than ten seconds have passed. Press the right
arrow to go to the next track. If you press the button
more than once, the player will continue moving
backward or forward through the disc.
BAND: Press this button to play the radio when a
disc(s) is in the player.
t
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SCAN : To scan one disc, press and hold either
SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to each track of the currently selected
disc for ten seconds. Press either SCAN arrow again,
to stop scanning.
To scan all loaded discs, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds until DISC SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to the first track, for ten seconds for
each disc loaded. Press either SCAN arrow again,
to stop scanning.
Using Song List Mode
The integrated six-disc CD changer has a feature called
song list. This feature is capable of saving 20 track
selections.
To save tracks into the song list feature, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the disc player on and load it with at least one
disc. See “LOAD CD” listed previously in this
section for more information.
2. Check to see that the disc changer is not in song list
mode. S-LIST should not appear in the display.
If S-LIST is present, press the SONG LIST button
to turn it off.
3-29
3. Select the desired disc by pressing the numbered
pushbutton and then use the SEEK SCAN right
arrow button to locate the track that you want to
save. The track will begin to play.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for two or
more seconds to save the track into memory. After
two seconds of pressing SONG LIST continuously,
one beep will sound to confirm that the track has
been saved.
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for saving other selections.
If you attempt to save more than 20 selections, S-LIST
FULL will appear on the display.
3. Press the SEEK SCAN arrows to select the desired
track to be deleted.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for two
seconds. After two seconds of pressing the SONG
LIST button continuously, one beep will be heard to
confirm that the track has been deleted.
After a track has been deleted, the remaining tracks are
moved up the list. When another track is added to the
song list, the track will be added to the end of the list.
To delete the entire song list, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the disc player on.
To play the song list, press the SONG LIST button.
S-LIST will appear on the display. The recorded tracks
will begin to play in the order that they were saved.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
You may seek through the song list by using the SEEK
SCAN arrows. Seeking past the last saved track will
return you to the first saved track.
3. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for more than
four seconds. Two beeps will be heard after four
seconds. S-LIST EMPTY will appear on the display
indicating that the song list has been deleted.
To delete tracks from the song list, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the disc player on.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3-30
If a disc is ejected, and the song list contains saved
tracks from that disc, those tracks are automatically
deleted from the song list. Any tracks saved to the song
list again are added to the bottom of the list.
To end song list mode, press the SONG LIST button.
S-LIST will be removed from the display.
Compact Disc Messages
Rear Seat Audio
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the radio
display, it could be due to of the following reasons:
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to any
of the music sources: radio, cassette tapes or CDs.
The rear seat passengers can only control the music
sources that the front seat passengers are not listening to.
For example, rear seat passengers may listen to a cassette
tape or CD through headphones while the driver listens
to the radio through the front speakers. The rear seat
passengers have control of the volume for each set of
headphones. The front seat audio controls always
override the rear seat audio controls.
D You’re driving on a very rough road. When the road
becomes smoother, the disc should play.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
3-31
VOL (Volume): Turn the knob to increase and to
decrease volume. The left VOL knob controls the left
headphone and the right VOL knob controls the right
headphone.
While listening to a CD, press the SEEK button to hear
the next track on the CD. The SEEK button is inactive
if the CD mode on the front radio or the CD changer is
in use.
SRC (Source): Press this button to choose which source
(radio, CD, or cassette) that you want to listen to.
PROG (Program): Press this button to switch between
playing a cassette tape or a CD and listening to the
radio. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside
the radio for future listening.
B
Y
SEEK : Press the SEEK button to seek to the
next station and stay there. The display will show your
selection.
To scan preset stations, press and hold the SEEK button.
The radio will scan to a preset station, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next preset station. The display
will show your selections. The SEEK button is inactive if
the front radio is in use.
While listening to a cassette tape, press the SEEK button
to hear the next selection on the tape. Press and hold
the SEEK button to go to the other side of the tape.
The SEEK button is inactive if the tape mode on the
front radio is in use.
3-32
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. The feature works automatically by learning a
portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not
operate and LOCKED will be displayed.
When the radio and vehicle are turned off, the blinking
red light indicates that THEFTLOCK is armed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
You can control certain radio functions using the buttons
on your steering wheel.
PROG (Program): Press this button to play a station
you have programmed on the radio preset buttons on the
selected band. If a cassette tape is playing, press this
button to play the other side of the tape. If a compact
disc is playing in the CD changer, press this button to go
to the next available CD.
Y
B
SOURCE : Press this button to select AM, FM1,
FM2 or a source, either radio, cassette tape or CD.
The cassette or CD must be loaded to play. Available
loaded sources are shown on the display as a tape or a
CD symbol.
Y
B
SEEK : Press the up or the down arrow to seek to
the next or to the previous radio station and stay there.
(OnStar/Voice Recognition): You can press this
button to interact with the OnStar system. See the
OnStar manual provided with your vehicle for more
information.
If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, the player
will advance with the up arrow and reverse with the
down arrow.
Y
B
VOL : Press the up or the down arrow to increase
or to decrease volume.
3-33
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines.
Try reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you
ever get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be
loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
3-34
To help avoid hearing loss or damage do the following:
1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you
can add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation
of your vehicle’s engine, Delphi Electronics
radio or other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after
every 50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN
to indicate that you have used your tape player for
50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If this
message appears on the display, your cassette tape
player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes,
but you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent
damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette
to see if the tape or the tape player is at fault. If this
other cassette has no improvement in sound quality,
clean the tape player.
For best results, use a scrubbing action, non-abrasive
cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape head as
the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. The recommended
cleaning cassette is available through your dealer
(GM Part No. 12344789).
The broken tape detection feature of your cassette tape
player may identify the cleaning cassette as a damaged
tape, in error. To prevent the cleaning cassette from
being ejected, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE DISC button for five
seconds. READY will appear on the display and
the cassette symbol will flash for five seconds.
4. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
After the cleaning cassette is ejected, the broken tape
detection feature will be active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
3-35
After you clean the player, press and hold the eject
button for five seconds to reset the CLEAN indicator.
The radio will display CLEANED to show the indicator
was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette tape
is in good condition before you have your tape player
serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
3-36
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Roof Mast Antenna
The roof mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If it is flattened, pull it back up
for best reception.
Check occasionally to be sure the mast is still tightened
to the roof mount. If tightening is required, tighten it
by hand.
Chime Level Adjustment
The volume level of the vehicle’s chimes can be
controlled by the radio. To change the volume level,
press and hold pushbutton 6 with the ignition on and
the radio power off. The chime volume level will change
from the normal level to loud, and LOUD will be
displayed on the radio. To change back to the default
or normal setting, press and hold pushbutton 6 again.
The chime level will change from the loud level to
normal, and NORMAL will be displayed.
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-11
4-13
4-13
4-15
4-16
4-38
4-40
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Traction Control System
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Off Road Driving
Driving at Night
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
4-43
4-44
4-46
4-47
4-48
4-50
4-54
4-56
4-57
4-70
4-72
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
Front Receiver
Power Winch Platform (If Equipped)
4-
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See “Safety Belts” in the Index.
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor -- makes proper defensive driving more
difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting
injury. Ask a passenger to help do things like this,
or pull off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, more than 16,000 annual
motor vehicle-related deaths have been associated with
the use of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people
injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if someone plans to drive? It’s a lot less than
many might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on the
problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
4-3
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,
the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
A person who consumes food just before or during
drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up
your foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second.
But that’s only an average. It might be less with one
driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle. Also see “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
4-6
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an advanced
electronic braking system that will help prevent a
braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on. This is normal.
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Let’s say the road is wet and you’re driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here’s what happens
with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel the
brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise, but this
is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Your vehicle has a Traction Control System (TCS) that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that any of the wheels are spinning or beginning to lose
traction. When this happens, the system applies the
brakes to limit wheel spin.
The Traction Control System may operate on dry roads
under some conditions. When this happens, you may
notice a reduction in acceleration. This is normal and
doesn’t mean there’s a problem with your vehicle.
Examples of these conditions include a hard acceleration
in a turn, an abrupt upshift or downshift of the
transmission or driving on rough roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the TCS begins
to limit wheel spin, the cruise control will automatically
disengage. When road conditions allow you to safely
use it again, you may re-engage the cruise control.
See “Cruise Control” in the Index.
Another feature of this system is the Traction Control 2
mode. TC2 should be selected for improved traction
system performance when the vehicle is on loose
surfaces such as deep sand or mud.
4-9
To enter this mode, press
the TC2 button located on
the instrument panel to the
right of the steering wheel.
TC2 only operates in the following transfer case modes:
D 4HI Lock
D 4LO Lock
D 4LO Lock and Differential Lock
It will not operate in 4HI. If the TC2 button is pressed
while in 4HI, the light will flash for about 15 seconds
and then go out. The light should also come on briefly
when you turn the ignition key to RUN; if it doesn’t,
see your dealer for service.
4-10
If you restart your engine, the system reverts to the
TCS mode.
When the TRAC OFF light
is on, adjust your driving
accordingly.
The TRAC OFF light will come on when a Traction
Control System, Anti-Lock Brake System or
engine-related problem has been detected and the
vehicle needs service. See “TRAC OFF Light” in
the Index.
The Traction Control System, as delivered from the
factory, will automatically come on whenever you start
your vehicle.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned
on the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject
to the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle
at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the
sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control. Refer to “Traction Control
System” in the Index.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-11
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s
the time for evasive action -- steering around the
problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section. It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down the
roadway.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
4-13
D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also,
you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable
distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
4-14
D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that if
your right outside mirror is convex, the vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always
possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
4-15
Off-Road Driving
Before You Go Off-Roading
Also, see “Anti-Lock Brakes” in the Index.
There are some things to do before you go out. For
example, be sure to have all necessary maintenance and
service work done. Check to make sure all underbody
shields are properly attached. Be sure you read all the
information about your four-wheel-drive vehicle in this
manual. Is there enough fuel? Is the spare tire fully
inflated? Are the fluid levels up where they should be?
What are the local laws that apply to off-roading where
you’ll be driving? If you don’t know, you should check
with law enforcement people in the area. Will you be on
someone’s private land? If so, be sure to get the
necessary permission.
Off-road driving can be great fun. But it does have
some definite hazards. The greatest of these is the
terrain itself.
“Off-roading” means you’ve left the great North
American road system behind. Traffic lanes aren’t
marked. Curves aren’t banked. There are no road signs.
Surfaces can be slippery, rough, uphill or downhill.
In short, you’ve gone right back to nature.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that’s
why it’s very important that you read this guide. You’ll
find many driving tips and suggestions. These will help
make your off-road driving safer and more enjoyable.
4-16
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road Driving
There are some important things to remember about
how to load your vehicle.
D The heaviest things should be on the load floor and
CAUTION:
D Cargo on the load floor piled higher than
forward of your rear axle. Put heavier items as far
forward as you can.
D Be sure the load is secured properly, so driving on
the off-road terrain doesn’t toss things around.
D
D
the seatbacks can be thrown forward
during a sudden stop. You or your
passengers could be injured. Keep cargo
below the top of the seatbacks.
Unsecured cargo on the load floor can be
tossed about when driving over rough
terrain. You or your passengers can be
struck by flying objects. Secure the cargo
properly.
Heavy loads on the roof raise the vehicle’s
center of gravity, making it more likely to
roll over. You can be seriously or fatally
injured if the vehicle rolls over. Put heavy
loads inside the cargo area, not on the roof.
Keep cargo in the cargo area as far forward
and low as possible.
You’ll find other important information in this manual.
See “Vehicle Loading,” “Luggage Carrier” and “Tires”
in the Index.
4-17
Environmental Concerns
Off-road driving can provide wholesome and satisfying
recreation. However, it also raises environmental
concerns. We recognize these concerns and urge every
off-roader to follow these basic rules for protecting the
environment:
D Always use established trails, roads and areas that
have been specially set aside for public off-road
recreational driving; obey all posted regulations.
D Avoid any driving practice that could damage the
environment -- shrubs, flowers, trees, grasses -- or
disturb wildlife (this includes wheel-spinning,
breaking down trees or unnecessary driving through
streams or over soft ground).
D Always carry a litter bag . . . make sure all refuse is
removed from any campsite before leaving.
D Take extreme care with open fires (where permitted),
camp stoves and lanterns.
D Never park your vehicle over dry grass or other
combustible materials that could catch fire from the
heat of the vehicle’s exhaust system.
4-18
Traveling to Remote Areas
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when going
to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan your route.
You are much less likely to get bad surprises. Get
accurate maps of trails and terrain. Try to learn of any
blocked or closed roads.
It’s also a good idea to travel with at least one other
vehicle. If something happens to one of them, the other
can help quickly.
Does your vehicle have a winch? If so, be sure to read
the winch instructions. In a remote area, a winch can be
handy if you get stuck. But you’ll want to know how to
use it properly.
High Mobility Characteristics
The HUMMER H2 has a 12 inch (30.5 cm) running
ground clearance (A) and a 9 inch (22.8 cm) axle to
ground clearance (B) while maintaining a low silhouette
and a low center of gravity. These characteristics are
essential to safety in off-road operation.
4-19
The HUMMER H2 has an approach angle of 42_ (A)
and a departure angle of 37_ (B).
4-20
Design specifications required a minimum gradeability
of 60% (31_) slope, with the vehicle fully loaded,
on high friction surfaces at 6 mph (9.7 km/h).
Also, specifications required that the HUMMER H2
be able to traverse a 40% (22_) side slope at 6 mph
(9.7 km/h) while fully loaded on high friction surfaces.
The HUMMER H2 can climb a 16 inch (40.6 cm)
vertical step.
4-21
Brake and Throttle Modulation for
Enhanced Mobility
3. If wheel spin is experienced, let up on the throttle
to slow the wheel spin.
The use of this technique will give the driver the ability
to traverse challenging obstacles with more confidence,
safety and care to both the vehicle and the terrain.
It allows the driver to gain control of the vehicle
systems and place power and wheel torque where
it is needed most. This is how it works:
4. Slowly, press the brake pedal with your left foot
so all wheel spin is halted.
For logs, walls, rocks, severe ditches, etc.
1. Bring the vehicle to a complete stop. Do not
overspeed the engine.
2. Select the proper transmission and transfer case
gear range, usually FIRST (1) gear, 4LO Lock for
such obstacles.
4-22
5. With the brake still applied, start pressing the
throttle. As the engine gains power, gradually reduce
the pressure applied to the brake. You can “feel”
torque being distributed to the wheel that has the
most traction as the vehicle starts to move. Once the
vehicle is moving, hold the brake steady until all
four wheels have cleared the obstacle.
6. After the first wheel crosses the obstacle,
be prepared to modulate the brake and throttle
for the other wheels.
When wheel spin occurs as the vehicle is moving, the
driver may notice a slight shaking or shuddering of the
vehicle. This is the indication that a loss of traction is
occurring on this terrain. The operator should:
1. Reduce throttle.
2. Assess the terrain properly and adjust vehicle speed
and gear ranges accordingly, 4HI or 4HI Lock
position for higher speed, 4LO Lock for more torque
and lower speeds.
3. Apply slight pressure to the brake when the shaking
or shuddering sensation is felt, keeping the vehicle
moving at a constant and controlled speed.
4. Be prepared to modulate the brake and throttle
through the adverse terrain.
For mounds, washouts, loose up-hill slopes, ditches, etc.
4-23
Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving
It’s a good idea to practice in an area that’s safe and
close to home before you go into the wilderness.
Off-road driving does require some new and different
driving skills. Here’s what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals. Your
eyes, for example, need to constantly sweep the terrain
for unexpected obstacles. Your ears need to listen for
unusual tire or engine sounds. With your arms, hands,
feet and body, you’ll need to respond to vibrations and
vehicle bounce.
Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful
off-road driving. One of the best ways to control your
vehicle is to control your speed. Here are some things to
keep in mind. At higher speeds:
D you approach things faster and you have less time to
scan the terrain for obstacles.
D you have less time to react.
D you have more vehicle bounce when you drive over
obstacles.
D you’ll need more distance for braking, especially
since you’re on an unpaved surface.
CAUTION:
When you’re driving off-road, bouncing and
quick changes in direction can easily throw you
out of position. This could cause you to lose
control and crash. So, whether you’re driving on
or off the road, you and your passengers should
wear safety belts.
4-24
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different kinds
of terrain. You need to be familiar with the terrain and
its many different features. Here are some things to
consider.
Surface Conditions. Off-roading can take you over
hard-packed dirt, gravel, rocks, grass, sand, mud,
snow or ice. Each of these surfaces affects the steering,
acceleration and braking of your vehicle in different
ways. Depending upon the kind of surface you are on,
you may experience slipping, sliding, wheel spinning,
delayed acceleration, poor traction and longer braking
distances.
Surface Obstacles. Unseen or hidden obstacles can be
hazardous. A rock, log, hole, rut or bump can startle you
if you’re not prepared for them. Often these obstacles are
hidden by grass, bushes, snow or even the rise and fall of
the terrain itself. Here are some things to consider:
D Is the path ahead clear?
D Will the surface texture change abruptly up ahead?
D Does the travel take you uphill or downhill?
(There’s more discussion of these subjects later.)
D Will you have to stop suddenly or change direction
When you drive over obstacles or rough terrain, keep a
firm grip on the steering wheel. Ruts, troughs or other
surface features can jerk the wheel out of your hands if
you’re not prepared.
When you drive over bumps, rocks, or other obstacles,
your wheels can leave the ground. If this happens, even
with one or two wheels, you can’t control the vehicle as
well or at all.
Because you will be on an unpaved surface, it’s
especially important to avoid sudden acceleration,
sudden turns or sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kind of
alertness from driving on paved roads and highways.
There are no road signs, posted speed limits or signal
lights. You have to use your own good judgment about
what is safe and what isn’t.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on any
road. And this is certainly true for off-road driving.
At the very time you need special alertness and driving
skills, your reflexes, perceptions and judgment can be
affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You could
have a serious -- or even fatal -- accident if you drink
and drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking.
See “Drunken Driving” in the Index.
quickly?
4-25
Crossing Obstacles
Approach Angle - a Key to Mobility. If you encounter
a large dip in the terrain, do not enter straight on; enter
at an angle (15_ minimum approach (A), 75_ maximum
approach angle (B)). For very large dips, ditches or
small washes, coast in, using the engine as a brake.
Then, use the low ranges in the transmission and transfer
case to power out.
4-26
Roll Your Tires Over Large
Rocks. Do not straddle large
rocks; drive over them,
letting the tire envelop the
rock. The tread of the tire
is thicker and tougher
than the sidewall of the
tire and is more resilient to
impact than underbody
components.
Log Crossing. Using the proper technique, the
HUMMER H2 will cross logs up to 12 inches (30.5 cm)
in diameter. Approach the log at approximately a
15_ angle (A) with the transfer case in 4LO Lock and
“walk” the HUMMER H2 over, one tire at a time.
As with all obstacles, face your tires perpendicular to the
object for best traction and tire life. It may be necessary
to modulate your brake pedal and accelerator to avoid
spin-out. Ease the vehicle down from the log with
your brake.
Driving on Off-Road Hills
Off-road driving often takes you up, down or across a
hill. Driving safely on hills requires good judgment and
an understanding of what your vehicle can and can’t do.
There are some hills that simply can’t be driven,
no matter how well built the vehicle.
CAUTION:
Many hills are simply too steep for any vehicle.
If you drive up them, you will stall. If you drive
down them, you can’t control your speed. If you
drive across them, you will roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have any doubt
about the steepness, don’t drive the hill.
4-27
Approaching a Hill
When you approach a hill, you need to decide if it’s one
of those hills that’s just too steep to climb, descend or
cross. Steepness can be hard to judge. On a very small
hill, for example, there may be a smooth, constant
incline with only a small change in elevation where you
can easily see all the way to the top. On a large hill, the
incline may get steeper as you near the top, but you may
not see this because the crest of the hill is hidden by
bushes, grass or shrubs.
Here are some other things to consider as you approach
a hill.
D Is there a constant incline, or does the hill get sharply
steeper in places?
D Is there good traction on the hillside, or will the
surface cause tire slipping?
D Is there a straight path up or down the hill so you
won’t have to make turning maneuvers?
D Are there obstructions on the hill that can block your
path (boulders, trees, logs or ruts)?
D What’s beyond the hill? Is there a cliff, an
embankment, a drop-off, a fence? Get out and
walk the hill if you don’t know. It’s the smart way
to find out.
D Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often have
ruts, gullies, troughs and exposed rocks because they
are more susceptible to the effects of erosion.
4-28
Driving Uphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill,
you need to take some special steps.
D Use a low gear and get a firm grip on the
steering wheel.
D Get a smooth start up the hill and try to maintain
your speed. Don’t use more power than you need,
because you don’t want your wheels to start spinning
or sliding.
D Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible.
If the path twists and turns, you might want to find
another route.
CAUTION:
Turning or driving across steep hills can be
dangerous. You could lose traction, slide
sideways, and possibly roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. When driving up hills,
always try to go straight up.
D Ease up on your speed as you approach the top
of the hill.
D Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more visible
to approaching traffic on trails or hills.
D Sound the horn as you approach the top of the hill to
let opposing traffic know you’re there.
D Use your headlamps even during the day. They make
you more visible to oncoming traffic.
CAUTION:
Driving to the top (crest) of a hill at full speed
can cause an accident. There could be a drop-off,
embankment, cliff, or even another vehicle.
You could be seriously injured or killed. As you
near the top of a hill, slow down and stay alert.
4-29
Q:
A:
What should I do if my vehicle stalls, or is about
to stall, and I can’t make it up the hill?
If this happens, there are some things you should
do, and there are some things you must not do.
First, here’s what you should do:
D Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle and keep
it from rolling backwards. Also, apply the
parking brake.
D If your engine is still running, shift the transmission
to REVERSE (R), release the parking brake, and
slowly back down the hill in REVERSE (R).
D If your engine has stopped running, you’ll need to
restart it. With the brake pedal pressed and the
parking brake still applied, shift the transmission to
PARK (P) and restart the engine. Then, shift to
REVERSE (R), release the parking brake, and
slowly back down the hill as straight as possible
in REVERSE (R).
D As you are backing down the hill, put your left hand
on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock position.
This way, you’ll be able to tell if your wheels are
straight and maneuver as you back down. It’s best
that you back down the hill with your wheels straight
rather than in the left or right direction. Turning the
wheel too far to the left or right will increase the
possibility of a rollover.
Here are some things you must not do if you stall, or are
about to stall, when going up a hill.
D Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting into
NEUTRAL (N) to “rev-up” the engine and regain
forward momentum. This won’t work. Your vehicle
will roll backwards very quickly and you could go
out of control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop the vehicle. Then
apply the parking brake. Shift to REVERSE (R), release
the parking brake, and slowly back straight down.
D Never attempt to turn around if you are about to stall
when going up a hill. If the hill is steep enough to
stall your vehicle, it’s steep enough to cause you to
roll over if you turn around. If you can’t make it up
the hill, you must back straight down the hill.
4-30
Q:
A:
Suppose, after stalling, I try to back down the
hill and decide I just can’t do it. What should
I do?
Set the parking brake, put your transmission in
PARK (P) and turn off the engine. Leave the
vehicle and go get some help. Exit on the uphill
side and stay clear of the path the vehicle would
take if it rolled downhill. Do not shift the transfer
case to NEUTRAL when you leave the vehicle.
Leave it in some gear.
CAUTION:
Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL can
cause your vehicle to roll even if the transmission
is in PARK (P). This is because the NEUTRAL
position on the transfer case overrides the
transmission. You or someone else could be
injured. If you are going to leave your vehicle,
set the parking brake and shift the transmission
to PARK (P). But do not shift the transfer case to
NEUTRAL. Leave the transfer case in the 4HI,
4HI Lock or 4LO Lock position.
4-31
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you’ll want to
CAUTION:
consider a number of things:
D How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to maintain
vehicle control?
D What’s the surface like? Smooth? Rough? Slippery?
Hard-packed dirt? Gravel?
D Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts? Logs?
Boulders?
D What’s at the bottom of the hill? Is there a hidden
creek bank or even a river bottom with large rocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then try to
keep your vehicle headed straight down, and use a low
gear. This way, engine drag can help your brakes and
they won’t have to do all the work. Descend slowly,
keeping your vehicle under control at all times.
4-32
Heavy braking when going down a hill can cause
your brakes to overheat and fade. This could
cause loss of control and a serious accident.
Apply the brakes lightly when descending a hill
and use a low gear to keep vehicle speed under
control.
Q:
Are there some things I should not do when
driving down a hill?
A:
Q:
A:
Yes! These are important because if you ignore
them you could lose control and have a serious
accident.
D Stop your vehicle by applying the regular brakes.
D When driving downhill, avoid turns that take you
D Shift to PARK (P) and, while still braking, restart
across the incline of the hill. A hill that’s not too
steep to drive down may be too steep to drive across.
You could roll over if you don’t drive straight down.
D Never go downhill with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N). This is called “free-wheeling.”
Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
It’s much more likely to happen going uphill. But if
it happens going downhill, here’s what to do.
Apply the parking brake.
the engine.
D Shift back to a low gear, release the parking brake,
and drive straight down.
D If the engine won’t start, get out and get help.
Your brakes will have to do all the work and could
overheat and fade.
4-33
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probably go across
the incline of a hill. If this happens, you have to decide
whether to try to drive across the incline. Here are some
things to consider:
D A hill that can be driven straight up or down may
be too steep to drive across. When you go straight
up or down a hill, the length of the wheel base
(the distance from the front wheels to the rear
wheels) reduces the likelihood the vehicle will
tumble end over end. But when you drive across
an incline, the much more narrow track width
(the distance between the left and right wheels) may
not prevent the vehicle from tilting and rolling over.
Also, driving across an incline puts more weight on
the downhill wheels. This could cause a downhill
slide or a rollover.
D Surface conditions can be a problem when you drive
across a hill. Loose gravel, muddy spots, or even wet
grass can cause your tires to slip sideways, downhill.
If the vehicle slips sideways, it can hit something
that will trip it (a rock, a rut, etc.) and roll over.
4-34
D Hidden obstacles can make the steepness of the
incline even worse. If you drive across a rock with
the uphill wheels, or if the downhill wheels drop into
a rut or depression, your vehicle can tilt even more.
For reasons like these, you need to decide carefully
whether to try to drive across an incline. Just because
the trail goes across the incline doesn’t mean you
have to drive it. The last vehicle to try it might have
rolled over.
CAUTION:
Driving across an incline that’s too steep will
make your vehicle roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have any doubt
about the steepness of the incline, don’t drive
across it. Find another route instead.
Q:
What if I’m driving across an incline that’s not
too steep, but I hit some loose gravel and start to
slide downhill. What should I do?
A:
If you feel your vehicle starting to slide sideways,
turn downhill. This should help straighten out the
vehicle and prevent the side slipping. However, a
much better way to prevent this is to get out and
“walk the course” so you know what the surface is
like before you drive it.
Stalling on an Incline
If your vehicle stalls when you’re crossing an incline,
be sure you (and your passengers) get out on the uphill
side, even if the door there is harder to open. If you get
out on the downhill side and the vehicle starts to roll
over, you’ll be right in its path.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the path
the vehicle will take if it does roll over.
CAUTION:
Getting out on the downhill (low) side of a vehicle
stopped across an incline is dangerous. If the
vehicle rolls over, you could be crushed or killed.
Always get out on the uphill (high) side of the
vehicle and stay well clear of the rollover path.
4-35
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow or Ice
When you drive in mud, snow or sand, your wheels
won’t get good traction. You can’t accelerate as quickly,
turning is more difficult, and you’ll need longer braking
distances.
It’s best to use a low gear when you’re in mud -- the
deeper the mud, the lower the gear. In really deep mud,
the idea is to keep your vehicle moving so you don’t
get stuck.
When you drive on sand, you’ll sense a change in wheel
traction. But it will depend upon how loosely packed the
sand is. On loosely packed sand (as on beaches or sand
dunes) your tires will tend to sink into the sand. This has
an effect on steering, accelerating and braking. You may
want to reduce the air pressure in your tires slightly
when driving on sand. This will improve traction.
Drive at a reduced speed and avoid sharp turns or
abrupt maneuvers.
4-36
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire traction.
On these surfaces, it’s very easy to lose control. On wet
ice, for example, the traction is so poor that you will
have difficulty accelerating. And if you do get moving,
poor steering and difficult braking can cause you to slide
out of control.
CAUTION:
Driving on frozen lakes, ponds or rivers can be
dangerous. Underwater springs, currents under
the ice, or sudden thaws can weaken the ice.
Your vehicle could fall through the ice and you
and your passengers could drown. Drive your
vehicle on safe surfaces only.
Driving in Water
Heavy rain can mean flash flooding, and flood waters
demand extreme caution.
Find out how deep the water is before you drive through
it. If it’s deep enough to cover your wheel hubs, axles or
exhaust pipe, don’t try it -- you probably won’t get
through. Also, water that deep can damage your axle
and other vehicle parts.
If the water isn’t too deep, drive slowly through it.
At faster speeds, water splashes on your ignition system
and your vehicle can stall. Stalling can also occur if you
get your tailpipe under water. And, as long as your
tailpipe is under water, you’ll never be able to start your
engine. When you go through water, remember that when
your brakes get wet, it may take you longer to stop.
CAUTION:
Driving through rushing water can be dangerous.
Deep water can sweep your vehicle downstream
and you and your passengers could drown. If it’s
only shallow water, it can still wash away the
ground from under your tires, and you could lose
traction and roll the vehicle over. Don’t drive
through rushing water.
See “Driving Through Water” in the Index for more
information on driving through water.
4-37
After Off-Road Driving
Driving at Night
Remove any brush or debris that has collected
on the underbody, chassis or under the hood.
These accumulations can be a fire hazard.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake linings
cleaned and checked. These substances can cause
glazing and uneven braking. Check the body structure,
steering, suspension, wheels, tires and exhaust system
for damage. Also, check the fuel lines and cooling
system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service due to
off-road use. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule for
additional information.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-38
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
D
D
D
D
glare from headlamps behind you.
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you and other
vehicles.
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even
several seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark.
When you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
4-39
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled with
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on
the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate
from the inserts.
4-40
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-41
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles
or standing water, water can come in through
your engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can be
carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and the other vehicle occupants
could drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs,
and otherwise be very cautious about trying to
drive through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth. See “Tires”
in the Index.
4-42
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough to
need it. When a light turns green, and just before you
start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
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Freeway Driving
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
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The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
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Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Hummer dealerships all across North America.
They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-46
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your mirrors and your instruments
frequently.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
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Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable. See “Off-Road
Driving” in the Index for information about driving
off-road.
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transmission. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
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If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to
let your engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going down
a hill. You could crash. Always have your engine
running and your vehicle in gear when you go
downhill.
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your
engine and transmission, and you can climb the hill
better.
D Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
D As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
D You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area
or winding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
4-49
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and
reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving
under severe conditions, include a small bag of sand, a
piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help
provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these
items in your vehicle.
4-50
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires
and the road, you can have a very slippery situation.
You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need
to be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have an anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear.
If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before
you are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually
on the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
4-51
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-52
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
4-53
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Dinghy Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle -- such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle towing
are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your vehicle with
all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly towing”
(towing your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing” following.
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
D What’s the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
D How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
D Do you have the proper towing equipment? See your
dealer or trailering professional for additional advice
and equipment recommendations.
D Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you would
prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll want to
make sure your vehicle is prepared to be towed.
See “Before Leaving on a Long Trip” in the Index.
Use the following procedure to tow your vehicle:
1. Firmly set the parking brake.
2. Shift the transmission to PARK (P).
3. Securely attach the vehicle being towed to the
tow vehicle.
4. Shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL (N).
See “All-Wheel Drive” in the Index for the
proper procedure to select the NEUTRAL position
for your vehicle.
5. Release the parking brake only after the vehicle
being towed is firmly attached to the towing vehicle.
6. Turn the ignition to Lock. See “Ignition Positions” in
the Index for more information
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CAUTION:
Shifting an all-wheel drive vehicle’s transfer case
into NEUTRAL can cause your vehicle to roll
even if the transmission is in PARK (P). You or
others could be injured. Make sure the parking
brake is firmly set before you shift the transfer
case to NEUTRAL.
Dolly Towing
Use the following procedure to tow your vehicle:
1. Attach the dolly to the tow vehicle following the
dolly manufacturer’s instructions.
2. Secure the vehicle to the dolly following the dolly
manufacturer’s instructions.
3. Firmly set the parking brake.
4. Shift the transmission to PARK (P).
CAUTION:
Shifting an all-wheel drive vehicle’s transfer case
into NEUTRAL can cause your vehicle to roll
even if the transmission is in PARK (P). You or
others could be injured. Make sure the parking
brake is firmly set before you shift the transfer
case to NEUTRAL.
5. Shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL (N).
See “All-Wheel Drive” in the Index for the
proper procedure to select the NEUTRAL position
for your vehicle.
6. Release the parking brake only after the vehicle
being towed is firmly attached to the towing vehicle.
7. Turn the ignition to Lock. See “Ignition Positions” in
the Index for more information
4-55
Loading Your Vehicle
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rear axles, called Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out the actual loads on
your front and rear axles, you need to go to a weigh
station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help
you with this. Be sure to spread out your load equally
on both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
GAWR for either the front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread
it out.
CAUTION:
The Certification/Tire label is found on the rear edge of
the driver’s door.
The label shows the size of your original tires and the
inflation pressures needed to obtain the gross weight
capacity of your vehicle. This is called the GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
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Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
Your warranty does not cover parts or components that
fail because of overloading.
This will help you decide how much cargo and installed
equipment your truck can carry.
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your weight ratings. Ask
your dealer to help you load your vehicle the right way.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they go as fast as the
vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or if
there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
D Put things in the cargo area of your vehicle.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
D Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you
need to.
There’s also important loading information for off-road
driving in this manual. See “Loading Your Vehicle for
Off-Road Driving” in the Index.
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Add-On Equipment
Trailer Recommendations
When you carry removable items, you may need to put a
limit on how many people you carry inside your vehicle.
Be sure to weigh your vehicle before you buy and install
the new equipment.
You must subtract your hitch loads from the CWR for
your vehicle. Weigh your vehicle with the trailer
attached, so that you won’t go over the GVWR or
GAWR. If you are using a weight-distributing hitch,
weigh the vehicle without the equalizer bars in place.
NOTICE:
Your warranty doesn’t cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
Remember not to exceed the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) of the front or rear axle. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
The Cargo Weight Rating (CWR) is the maximum
weight of the load your vehicle can carry. It doesn’t
include the weight of the people inside. But, you can
figure about 150 lbs. (68 kg) for each seat.
The total cargo load must not be more than your
vehicle’s CWR.
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You’ll get the best performance if you spread out the
weight of your load the right way, and if you choose the
correct hitch and trailer brakes.
For more information, see “Trailer Towing” in
the Index.
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,
the brakes may not work well -- or even at all.
You and your passengers could be seriously
injured. Pull a trailer only if you have followed
all the steps in this section. Ask your dealer for
advice and information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered by
your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, and see your dealer for
important information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
To identify what the vehicle trailering capacity is for
your vehicle, you should read the information in
“Weight of the Trailer” that appears later in this section.
If yours was built with trailering options, as many are,
it’s ready for heavier trailers. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes correct equipment,
and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that
of your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
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If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control if your trailer will
weigh 4,000 lbs. (1 814 kg) or less. You should
always use a sway control if your trailer will weigh
more than 4,000 lbs. (1 814 kg). You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
D You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift
the transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary,
a lower gear selection if the transmission shifts
too often (e.g., under heavy loads and/or hilly
conditions). See “Tow/Haul Mode” in the Index.
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the weight on your vehicle’s tires.
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Tow/Haul Mode
Tow/haul mode is a feature that assists when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load. The purpose of the
tow/haul mode is to:
D Reduce the frequency and improve the predictability
of transmission shifts when pulling a heavy trailer or
a large or heavy load.
D Provide the same solid shift feel when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load as when the
vehicle is unloaded.
D Improve control of vehicle speed while requiring less
throttle pedal activity when pulling a heavy trailer or
a large or heavy load.
Your vehicle is equipped
with a button on the
instrument panel, to the
right of the steering wheel,
which when pressed enables
tow/haul.
Tow/haul is designed to be most effective when
the vehicle and trailer combined weight is at least
75 percent of the vehicle’s Gross Combination
Weight Rating (GCWR). See “Weight of the Trailer”
later in this section. Tow/haul is most useful under the
following driving conditions:
D When pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load
through rolling terrain.
D When pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load
in stop and go traffic.
When the button is pressed,
this light on the instrument
panel will illuminate to
indicate that tow/haul has
been selected.
Tow/haul may be turned off by pressing the button
again, at which time the indicator light on the instrument
panel will turn off. The vehicle will automatically turn
off tow/haul every time it is started.
D When pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load
in busy parking lots where improved low speed
control of the vehicle is desired.
Operating the vehicle in tow/haul when lightly loaded or
with no trailer at all will not cause damage. However,
there is no benefit to the selection of tow/haul when the
vehicle is unloaded. Such a selection when unloaded
may result in unpleasant engine and transmission
driving characteristics and reduced fuel economy.
Tow/haul is recommended only when pulling a heavy
trailer or a large or heavy load.
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You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at the address listed in your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information Booklet.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example,
speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and
how much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all
important. And, it can also depend on any special
equipment that you have on your vehicle.
Use the following chart to determine how much your
trailer can weigh, based upon your vehicle model and
options.
Engine
Axle
Ratio *Max. Trailer Wt.
6000 V8 4.10
6,700 lbs. (3 039 kg)
**GCWR
14,000 lbs
(6 350 kg)
* Tongue weight should be 10 to 15 percent of the total
loaded trailer weight, 670 lb. (303 kg) maximum.
** The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is
the total allowable weight of the completely loaded
vehicle and trailer including any passengers, cargo,
equipment and conversions. The GCWR for your
vehicle should not be exceeded.
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In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you will tow a trailer, you
must add the tongue load to the GVW because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Certification label at the rear edge of the driver’s door or
see “Tire Loading” in the Index. Then be sure you don’t
go over the GVW limit for your vehicle, including the
weight of the trailer tongue.
Hitches
If you’re using a weight-carrying or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue weight (A)
should be 10 percent to 15 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). Do not exceed the maximum
allowable tongue weight for your vehicle.
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
D If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 4,000 lbs. (1 814 kg), be sure to use
a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch and
sway control of the proper size. This equipment is
very important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling when you’re driving.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get
into your vehicle. See “Carbon Monoxide” in the
Index. Dirt and water can, too.
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Safety Chains
Trailer Brakes
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from
contacting the road if it becomes separated from the
hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided
by the hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn
with your rig. Never allow safety chains to drag on
the ground.
If your trailer weighs more than 2,000 lbs. (907 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes -- and they must be
adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for
the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and
maintain them properly.
Your trailer brake system can tap into the vehicle’s
hydraulic brake system only if:
D The trailer parts can withstand 3,000 psi (20 650 kPa)
of pressure.
D The trailer’s brake system will use less than
0.02 cubic inch (0.3 cc) of fluid from your vehicle’s
master cylinder. Otherwise, both braking systems
won’t work well. You could even lose your brakes.
If everything checks out this far, make the brake tap at
the port on the master cylinder that sends the fluid to
the rear brakes. But don’t use copper tubing for this.
If you do, it will bend and finally break off. Use steel
brake tubing.
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Driving with a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you have a rear-most window open and you
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon monoxide
(CO) could come into your vehicle. You can’t see
or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness or
death. See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
To maximize your safety when towing a trailer:
D Have your exhaust system inspected for
leaks, and make necessary repairs before
starting on your trip.
D Keep the rear-most windows closed.
D If exhaust does come into your vehicle
through a window in the rear or another
opening, drive with your front, main heating
or cooling system on and with the fan on
any speed. This will bring fresh, outside air
into your vehicle. Do not use the comfort
control setting for maximum air because it
only recirculates the air inside your vehicle.
See “Comfort Controls” in the Index.
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
4-65
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require heavy
braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that
hand to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move
your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and,
if possible, have someone guide you.
4-66
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
Driving On Grades
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash
whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other
drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are still
working.
You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift the
transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a lower gear
selection if the transmission shifts too often (e.g., under
heavy loads and/or hilly conditions).
You may also want to activate the tow/haul mode if the
transmission shifts too often. See “Tow/Haul Mode” in
the Index.
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades,
consider the following: Engine coolant will boil at a
lower temperature than at normal altitudes. If you turn
your engine off immediately after towing at high altitude
on steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs
similar to engine overheating. To avoid this, let the
engine run while parked (preferably on level ground)
with the automatic transmission in PARK (P) for a
few minutes before turning the engine off. If you do
get the overheat warning, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
4-67
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill,
here’s how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake and shift into PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-68
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move,
even when you’re on fairly level ground, use the
steps that follow.
Always put the shift lever fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set.
If the transfer case on all-wheel drive vehicles is
in NEUTRAL, your vehicle will be free to roll,
even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). So, be
sure the transfer case is in a drive gear -- not in
NEUTRAL.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D start your engine,
D shift into a gear, and
D release the parking brake.
Trailer Wiring Harness
Heavy-Duty Trailer Wiring Package
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belts, cooling system
and brake system. Each of these is covered in this
manual, and the Index will help you find them quickly.
If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review these
sections before you start your trip.
Your vehicle is equipped with the eight-wire trailer
towing harness. This harness with a seven-pin universal
heavy-duty trailer connector is attached to the rear
bumper.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
4-69
The eight-wire harness contains the following trailer
circuits:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Front Receiver
Yellow: Left Stop/Turn Signal
Dark Green: Right Stop/Turn Signal
Brown: Taillamps
White: Ground
Light Green: Back-up Lamps
Light Blue: Center High-Mounted
Stoplamp (CHMSL)
D Red: Battery Feed
D Dark Blue: Trailer Brake
Your vehicle is equipped with a front receiver.
You can use the receiver with a power winch platform
(described later in this section), receiver extension or
use it with other accessories.
Never use the front receiver to tow a trailer.
4-70
Receiver Extension (If Equipped)
Use the receiver extension with the front receiver and
various light-duty accessories such as bike racks.
The receiver extension was not intended for heavy-duty
use such as trailer towing, winching or vehicle recovery.
To use the front receiver with the receiver extension,
do the following:
1. Locate the receiver extension in the rear of the
vehicle where it is attached to the spare tire
mounting plate.
2. Loosen the wing nuts holding the extension to the
spare tire plate and remove it.
3. The extension attaches to the front receiver exactly
as the power winch platform does. See “Power
Winch Platform” following in this section.
4. Attach the accessory you will be using to the
receiver extension.
A. Receiver Extension
B. Wing Nuts
4-71
Power Winch Platform (If Equipped)
You can use the power winch platform with an
aftermarket winch. Connect the winch to the platform
and wiring to the vehicle following the winch
manufacturer’s guidelines.
1. Slide the winch platform into the front receiver of
your vehicle. To secure it, follow the next step.
You will be using the locking pin included with the
jack/tool kit. See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index
for more information on location.
If you look under the
receiver you will see the
locking portion (clip) of
the pin coming through
the bottom hole in the
receiver.
3. Turn the clip so that it is
perpendicular to the pin.
Pin is shown off of the
vehicle for clarity.
2. Slide the pin down through the hole in the front
bumper and into the receiver.
4-72
4. Push the clip so it
locks in place. Pin is
shown off of the
vehicle for clarity.
To remove the winch platform, you must first unlock the
clip so you can pull out the pin. To unlock the clip,
squeeze the clip and turn it so it is in-line with the rest
of the pin. Remove the pin and slide the winch platform
out from the receiver.
NOTICE:
5. With the clip locked and
the pin secure, your
setup should look like
this if you look under
the receiver. The pin is
now secure and you will
be able to use the winch.
Do not use the winch platform to winch at a
tension of more than 9,000 lbs. (4 082 kg). This
would damage your vehicle’s frame. This damage
would not be covered by your vehicle’s warranty.
4-73
If you are using a winch to pull out another vehicle,
follow the winch manufactures guidelines and observe
the following to prevent damage to your vehicle:
D If possible, have your vehicle anchored from
the opposite side of the winch to a solid,
immovable object.
If winching from the front, use both of the rear
recovery loops. If winching from the rear, use both
of the front recovery loops.
D Put your transmission in NEUTRAL (N).
D Use your regular brakes to hold your vehicle in
place and block the wheels to keep the vehicle
from moving.
NOTICE:
Using a power winch with the transmission in
gear to pull out another vehicle may damage the
transmission. When operating a power winch,
always leave the transmission in NEUTRAL (N).
If you are using a winch to pull out your own vehicle,
follow the winch manufactures guidelines for self
recovery and observe the following to prevent damage
to your vehicle:
D Do not self recover your vehicle by wrapping the
winch cable around an object (such as a pulley block
or tree) and attaching it back to your vehicle’s
recovery loops.
D Always attach the winch cable directly to a solid
anchor directly in front of your vehicle to achieve a
straight line pull.
4-74
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-9
5-9
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-12
5-18
5-18
5-19
5-30
Cooling System
Engine Fan Noise
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning flasher
button is located at the top
of the steering column.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to turn the
flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
5-2
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can use them to
warn others. Set one up at the side of the road about
300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to following the steps below to do it
safely.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all
of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or jump
start the battery if the hydrometer looks clear or
light yellow. Replace the battery when there is a
clear or light yellow hydrometer and a cranking
complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
5-3
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved
in the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in PARK (P) or a manual transmission
in NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or accessory power outlets. Turn off all lamps
that aren’t needed as well as radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. In addition,
it could save your radio!
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
5-4
4. Open the hoods and locate the positive (+) and
negative (-) terminal locations on the other vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump starting
terminal and a remote negative (-) jump starting
terminal. The remote positive (+) terminal is located
behind a red plastic cover near the engine accessory
drive bracket. See “Engine Compartment Overview”
in the Index for more information on location.
To uncover the remote positive (+) terminal,
open the red plastic cover.
The remote negative (-) terminal, marked “GND,”
is located on the engine accessory drive bracket.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index
for more information on location.
You should always use the remote positive (+) and
the remote negative (-) terminals instead of the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on your
battery.
CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
installed in your new vehicle. But if a battery has
filler caps, be sure the right amount of fluid is
there. If it is low, add water to take care of that
first. If you don’t, explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if the
vehicle has one. Negative (-) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or a remote negative (-)
terminal if the vehicle has one. Don’t connect
positive (+) to negative (-) or you’ll get a short that
would damage the battery and maybe other parts too.
5-5
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to the
positive (+) terminal of
the vehicle with the dead
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
5-6
8. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Use a remote negative (-)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative (-) cable doesn’t
go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted
metal part of the vehicle with the dead battery or to a
remote negative (-) terminal if the vehicle has one.
9. Connect the other end of
the negative (-) cable to
the remote negative (-)
terminal, marked GND,
on the vehicle with the
dead battery.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and
run the engine for awhile.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
NOTICE:
Damage to your vehicle may result from
electrical shorting if jumper cables are removed
incorrectly. To prevent electrical shorting, take
care that they don’t touch each other or any
other metal. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
5-7
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
5. Return the positive (+) remote terminal cover to its
original position.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (-) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (-) Terminals.
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal.
5-8
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service
if you need to have your disabled vehicle towed.
See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index. If you
want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle for
recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” in the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel. See “Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage” in the Index. In addition, you may
find a LOW COOLANT, ENGINE COOLANT HOT,
ENGINE OVERHEATED and a REDUCED ENGINE
POWER message in the DIC on the instrument panel.
See “Driver Information Center” in the Index.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If an overheated engine condition exists and the
REDUCED ENGINE POWER message is displayed,
an overheat protection mode which alternates firing
groups of cylinders helps prevent engine damage.
In this mode, you will notice a loss in power and engine
performance. This operating mode allows your vehicle
to be driven to a safe place in an emergency. Driving
extended miles (km) and/or towing a trailer in the
overheat protection mode should be avoided.
NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair
the cause of coolant loss, change the oil and reset
the oil life system. See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
5-9
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle
until the engine is cool. See “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” in the Index for
information on driving to a safe place in an
emergency.
5-10
NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index
for information on driving to a safe place in an
emergency.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
An overheat warning, along with a low coolant message,
can indicate a serious problem. See “Low Coolant
Message” in the Index.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no low
coolant message, but see or hear no steam, the problem
may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a
little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in neutral while
stopped. If it is safe to do so, pull off the road,
shift to park or neutral and let the engine idle.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues and you have not stopped,
pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can push down the
accelerator until the engine speed is about twice as fast
as normal idle speed for at least three minutes while
you’re parked. If you still have the warning, turn off the
engine and get everyone out of the vehicle until it cools
down. Also, see “Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode” listed previously in this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer. See “Driving on Grades” in the Index.
5-11
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
The coolant level
should be at or above
the FULL COLD mark.
If it isn’t, you may have a
leak at the pressure cap or
in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump
or somewhere else in the
cooling system.
A. Coolant Surge Tank
B. Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
C. Engine Fan
5-12
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index for information on driving to
a safe place in an emergency.
NOTICE:
If there seems to be no leak, start the engine again.
The engine cooling fan speed should increase when
idle speed is doubled by pushing the accelerator pedal
down. If it doesn’t, your vehicle needs service. Turn off
the engine.
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
5-13
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level isn’t at or above the FULL COLD
mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant at the coolant surge tank, but be
sure the cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is cool before you do it. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant
as follows:
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn the coolant surge
tank pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system
and coolant surge tank pressure cap to cool if you
ever have to turn the pressure cap.
5-14
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
1. Park the vehicle on a
level surface. You can
remove the coolant
surge tank pressure
cap when the cooling
system, including the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap and
upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise (left)
about one full turn. If you hear a hiss, wait for that
to stop. A hiss means there is still some pressure left.
5-15
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly, and
remove it.
5-16
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the FULL COLD mark.
5. Then replace the
pressure cap.
Be sure the pressure
cap is hand-tight and
fully seated.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start the
engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the engine
cooling fan.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches the FULL COLD mark.
5-17
Engine Fan Noise
If a Tire Goes Flat
Your vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan. When the
clutch is engaged, the fan spins faster to provide more air
to cool the engine. In most everyday driving conditions,
the fan is spinning slower and the clutch is not fully
engaged. This improves fuel economy and reduces fan
noise. Under heavy vehicle loading, trailer towing and/or
high outside temperatures, the fan speed increases as the
clutch more fully engages. So you may hear an increase
in fan noise. This is normal and should not be mistaken
as the transmission slipping or making extra shifts.
It is merely the cooling system functioning properly.
The fan will slow down when additional cooling is not
required and the clutch disengages.
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
You may also hear this fan noise when you start the
engine. It will go away as the fan clutch partially
disengages.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in
a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-18
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Be sure the all-wheel-drive transfer case
is in a drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL.
4. Turn off the engine.
5. Put the wheel blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthest away from the
one being changed. That would be the
tire on the other side of the vehicle, at
the opposite end.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-19
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need is behind and to the side
of the driver’s side second row seat. To remove the
equipment, do the following:
Open the tool bag and you will find the following tools
which you will use to remove the spare tire and flat tire:
1. Fold the driver’s side second row seat down.
See “Rear Seats” in the Index.
2. Turn the wingnut (A),
which holds the jack,
counterclockwise to
release the jack.
3. Turn the wingnut (B), which holds the jack tool kit,
counterclockwise to release it.
5-20
A. Jack Handle
Extension (Used for
Rear Flats Only)
B. Jack Handle
C. Wheel Wrench
D. Ratchet
E. Spanner Wrench
F. Locking Pin
(If Equipped)
(Not used for tire
changing procedure.
See “Power Winch
Platform” in the
Index.)
The spare tire and wheel blocks are stored in the rear
cargo area. Remove the tire cover to get to them.
Follow these instructions to remove the wheel blocks
and spare tire:
1. Remove the wheel blocks from the tire retainer plate
by turning the wingnut counterclockwise.
A. Spare Tire
B. Receiver Extension (If Equipped) (Not used for tire
changing procedure. See “Receiver Extension” in
the Index.)
C. Tire Retainer Plate
D. Nut
E. Wheel Blocks
2. Place the flat end of the wheel wrench through the
hole in the spanner wrench.
5-21
3. Place the end of the
spanner wrench on
the nut and then turn
the wheel wrench
counterclockwise to
loosen the nut holding
the tire to the carrier.
Use the art and text following to finish changing a
flat tire.
4. Pull off the tire retainer plate and set it aside.
Remove the spare tire from the wheel carrier.
5. Put the spare tire near the flat tire.
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A),
the wheel blocks (B), the wheel wrench (C) jack handle
extension (D), the jack handle (E) and the ratchet (F).
Before proceeding, be sure to set the wheel blocks (B)
on the appropriate tire as shown previously.
5-22
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
1. To remove the center
cap, place the flat end of
the wheel wrench in the
slot on the wheel and
gently pry the center
cap out.
2. Slide the ratchet onto the wheel wrench with the
DOWN mark facing you.
3. Turn the ratchet counterclockwise to loosen the
wheel nuts. Don’t remove them yet.
You will now need to jack the vehicle up using the
instructions following.
5-23
4. Assemble the jack and tools as follows:
Front Flat Tire: Position
the jack under the vehicle
on the frame behind the
flat tire where the frame
sections overlap. See the
graphic following for an
approximate measurement
of the jack location on
the frame.
Front Flat Tire: Attach the jack handle (E) with
the hook end connected to the u-hook/clevis on the
jack (A). Slide the ratchet (F) onto the jack handle (E)
with the UP mark facing you.
Front Position
Rear Flat Tire: Attach the jack handle extension (D)
to the jack handle (E) and then press the clip (arrow)
so it engages. Then attach the jack handle (E) with
the hook end connected to the u-hook/clevis on the
jack (A). Slide the ratchet (F) onto the jack handle
extension (D) with the UP mark facing you.
5. Turn the ratchet (F) clockwise to raise the jack head
to the lifting point.
X = 28.5 inches (72.0 cm)
5-24
Rear Flat Tire: Place the
jack under the curved rear
axle pad. Make sure the jack
head is positioned so that
the rear axle pad is resting
securely on the jack head.
Rear Position
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury and
vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising the vehicle.
6. Turn the ratchet clockwise to raise the vehicle. Raise
the vehicle far enough off the ground so there is
enough room for the spare tire to clear the ground.
7. Remove all the wheel
nuts and take off the
flat tire.
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
5-25
8. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
5-26
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
9. After mounting the
spare, put the wheel nuts
back on with the rounded
end of the nuts toward
the wheel.
Tighten each wheel nut by hand. Then use the
ratchet/wheel wrench to tighten the nuts, with the
UP mark facing you, clockwise until the wheel is
held against the hub. You will not be tightening the
nuts fully yet.
11. Tighten the nuts firmly
in a crisscross sequence
as shown by turning the
ratchet clockwise, with
the UP mark facing you.
Front Position
Rear Position
10. Lower the vehicle by turning the ratchet
counterclockwise, with the DOWN mark
facing you. Lower the jack completely.
CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have the
nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
proper torque specification. See “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index for the wheel nut
torque specification.
5-27
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification. See “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index for the wheel nut
torque specification.
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
Use the art and text following to help you store the flat
or spare tire and tools back in their proper spot when
you are done.
Store the flat or spare tire back inside the vehicle on the
spare tire mount.
12. When you reinstall the wheel and tire, you must
also reinstall the center cap. Place the cap on the
wheel and tap it into place until it seats flush with
the wheel.
A. Spare or Flat Tire
B. Receiver Extension
(If Equipped)
5-28
C. Tire Retainer Plate
D. Nut
E. Wheel Blocks
1. Slide the flat or spare tire (A) onto the tire carrier.
Follow these instructions to store the jack and tools:
2. Slide the tire retainer plate (C) into the wheel
opening. Be sure that the stud attached to the
tire carrier passes through the hole in the tire
retainer plate.
1. Lower the jack completely.
3. Tighten the nut (D) by hand until tire retainer
plate (C) is snug against the tire.
2. Place the jack in the mounting bracket.
3. Tighten the wingnut (A)
until the jack is securely
fastened.
Then use the ratchet and
spanner to tighten the nut
firmly. Try to move the
tire back and forth slightly
to be sure it is secure.
4. Place the tools in the bag.
4. Reattach the wheel blocks (E) to the tire retainer
plate (C) and tighten the wing nut.
5. Reinstall the tire cover onto the spare or flat tire.
5. Slide the securing clip over the bag and secure the
bag to the floor by tightening the wingnut (B) to the
stud coming out of the floor.
In order to reduce the potential of the jack squeaking
or rattling, you will need to preload the jack so it fits
tightly in the mounting bracket. To do this, turn the
u-hook/clevis at the top of the jack clockwise until the
jack is held tight in the mounting bracket.
5-29
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin your
wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can
help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must use
caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transmission back
and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
See “Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out.”
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transmission or other parts of the
vehicle can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
5-30
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Your vehicle
has a Traction Control System. You should press the
TC2 button with the transfer case in any mode except
4HI. See “Traction Control System” in the Index for
more information. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transmission is in gear. By slowly spinning
your wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. Or, you can use your recovery
loops. If you do need to be towed out, see “Towing Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
Using the Recovery Loops
Your vehicle is equipped
with recovery loops at the
front and rear. You may
need to use them if you’re
stuck off-road and need
to be pulled to some
place where you can
continue driving.
5-31
CAUTION:
These loops, when used, are under a lot of force.
Always pull the vehicle straight out. Never pull
on the loops at a sideways angle. The loops could
break off and you or others could be injured
from the chain or cable snapping back.
NOTICE:
Never use the recovery loops to tow the vehicle.
Your vehicle could be damaged and it would not
be covered by warranty.
5-32
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-6
6-8
6-8
6-12
6-17
6-19
6-22
6-23
6-25
6-28
6-28
6-29
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Automatic Transmission Fluid
Rear Axle
All-Wheel Drive
Engine Coolant
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
6-30
6-33
6-34
6-40
6-41
6-49
6-49
6-53
6-57
6-58
6-59
6-68
6-68
6-69
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see “Servicing Your
Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and
list the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Fuel
The 8th digit of your vehicle identification number
(VIN) shows the code letter or number that identifies
your engine. You will find the VIN at the top left of the
instrument panel. See “Vehicle Identification Number”
in the Index.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of
87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may get
a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this occurs,
use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as soon as
possible. Otherwise, you might damage your engine.
A little pinging noise when you accelerate or drive
uphill is considered normal. This does not indicate a
problem exists or that a higher-octane fuel is necessary.
If you are using 87 octane or higher-octane fuel and
you hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
6-3
Gasoline Specifications
California Fuel
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by the American Automobile
Manufacturers Association and endorsed by the
Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association for better
vehicle performance and engine protection. Gasolines
meeting these specifications could provide improved
driveability and emission control system performance
compared to other gasolines.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index)
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered by
your warranty.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the fuel pump.
Additives
Canada Only
6-4
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not have to add anything to your fuel.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available
in your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly
if they comply with the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that contains
methanol. Don’t use fuel containing methanol.
It can corrode metal parts in your fuel system
and also damage plastic and rubber parts.
That damage wouldn’t be covered under your
warranty.
Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark
plugs and the performance of the emission control
system may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
GM dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or contact
a major oil company that does business in the country
where you’ll be driving.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors
does not recommend the use of such gasolines.
6-5
While refueling, let the fuel
cap hang by the tether.
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Fuel vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near fuel or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from fuel.
The fuel cap is located
on the driver’s side of
the vehicle.
6-6
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
CAUTION:
If you get fuel on yourself and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel can
spray out on you if you open the fuel cap too
quickly. This spray can happen if your tank is
nearly full, and is more likely in hot weather.
Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for any “hiss”
noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Clean fuel from painted
surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the Outside
of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get the
right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp
to light and may damage your fuel tank and
emissions system. See “Malfunction Indicator
Lamp” in the Index.
6-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-8
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like fuel, oil,
coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and other
fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others could
be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill things
that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
2. Pull the handle located
on the lower part of the
instrument panel.
1. Release both hood side latches.
6-9
3. Then go to the front of the vehicle and pull the assist
handles toward you to lift the hood.
4. Pull the hood open until it is supported by the cables.
5. Now go to the driver’s side of the hood and locate
the prop rod.
6-10
6. Pull the end of the prop rod from its holder and place
it into the slot built into the hood.
Engine Compartment Overview
When you lift the hood, you’ll see the following:
A. Coolant Surge Tank
B. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
C. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
D. Engine Oil Fill Cap
E. Engine Oil Dipstick
F. Automatic Transmission
Dipstick
G. Fan
H. Remote Negative (-)
Terminal (GND)
I. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
J. Remote Positive (+) Terminal
K. Brake Fluid Reservoir
L. Underhood Fuse Block
M. Battery
6-11
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are
on correctly. To close the hood, hold it up a few inches
from the closed position and let it go so that it has
enough force to engage the hood latch. Pull up on the
hood to be sure it is latched. When you are sure the
hood latch is engaged, then you can latch both hood
side latches.
Engine Oil
If the CHECK ENG OIL LEVEL message appears
on the instrument cluster, it means you need to check
your engine oil level right away. For more information,
see “CHECK ENG OIL LEVEL” in the Index.
Checking Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick has
a loop handle and is located
on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle. See “Engine
Compartment Overview”
in the Index for more
information on location.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
6-12
The engine oil fill cap
is located on the
passenger’s side valve
cover. See “Engine
Compartment Overview”
in the Index for more
information on location.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD mark, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
6-13
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
If you choose to perform
the engine oil change
service yourself, be sure
the oil you use has the
starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container.
If you have your oil changed for you, be sure the oil
put into your engine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the viscosity chart.
6-14
As in the chart shown previously, SAE 5W-30 is the
only viscosity grade recommended for your vehicle.
You should look for and use only oils which have the
API Starburst symbol and which are also identified as
SAE 5W-30. If you cannot find such SAE 5W-30 oils,
you can use an SAE 10W-30 oil which has the API
Starburst symbol, if it’s going to be 0 F (-18 C) or
above. Do not use other viscosity grade oils, such as
SAE 10W-40 or SAE 20W-50 under any conditions.
_
_
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines starburst
symbol. Failure to use the recommended oil can
result in engine damage not covered by your
warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below -20 F (-29 C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
_
_
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System )
t
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based
on engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not
on mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage
at which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly,
you must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL message will
come on. Change your oil as soon as possible within
the next two times you stop for fuel. It is possible that,
if you are driving under the best conditions, the oil life
system may not indicate that an oil change is necessary
for over a year. However, your engine oil and filter must
be changed at least once a year and at this time the
system must be reset. It is also important to check your
oil regularly and keep it at the proper level.
6-15
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed.
How to Reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL Message
t
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to
change your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use.
Anytime your oil is changed, reset the system so it
can calculate when the next oil change is required. If a
situation occurs where you change your oil prior to a
CHANGE ENGINE OIL message being turned on,
reset the system.
The CHANGE ENGINE OIL message must be reset
using the driver information center. See “Change Engine
Oil Message” in the Index for information on how to
reset the system.
6-16
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Don’t let used oil stay on your skin for very long.
Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a
good hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of
clothing or rags containing used engine oil. See the
manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal of
oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting
it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers,
or into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it
by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you
have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
NOTICE:
Do not spray water into the engine air/cleaner
intake (arrow). If too much water enters the engine
air cleaner/filter housing, it could cause severe
damage to your vehicle’s engine. This damage
wouldn’t be covered under your vehicle’s warranty.
The engine air cleaner/filter assembly is located in the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for more information on location.
To replace the engine air cleaner/filter do the following:
1. Loosen both screws on the cover of the housing and
lift up the cover.
6-17
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if the
engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the engine
backfires, you could be burned. Don’t drive with
it off, and be careful working on the engine with
the air cleaner/filter off.
2. Pull the air cleaner/filter up and out from the
housing. Care should be taken to dislodge as little
dirt as possible.
3. Clean the filter sealing surface and the housing.
4. Install the new engine air cleaner/filter.
5. Reinstall the cover and tighten the screws.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the engine air cleaner/filter. See “Owner Checks
and Services” in the Index.
6-18
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can cause a
damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get into
your engine, which will damage it. Always have the
air cleaner/filter in place when you’re driving.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult,
you may choose to have this done at the dealership
service department.
A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one
or more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change the fluid and filter every
100,000 miles (166 000 km).
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean that some of
the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.
Too little fluid could cause the transmission to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading
if you check your transmission fluid.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
6-19
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
Checking the Fluid Level
D
D
D
D
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180_F to 200_F
(82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50_F
(10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), drive the
vehicle in THIRD (3) until the engine temperature
gage moves and then remains steady for 10 minutes.
A cold fluid check can be made after the vehicle has
been sitting for eight hours or more with the engine off,
but this is used only as a reference. Let the engine run
at idle for five minutes if outside temperatures are
50_F (10_C) or more. If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C),
you may have to idle the engine longer. Should the fluid
level be low during this cold check, you must check the
fluid hot before adding fluid. Checking the fluid hot will
give you a more accurate reading of the fluid level.
6-20
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
The transmission dipstick
handle is located at the rear
of the engine compartment.
Your vehicle’s dipstick
may have a graphic as
shown or may be labeled
TRANS/LOCK.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index
for further information on location.
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and
wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid
while it is hot. (A cold check is used only as a reference.)
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level up to the HOT area for a hot
check. It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
NOTICE:
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must be in the COLD area,
below the cross-hatched area, for a cold check or in
the HOT area or cross-hatched area for a hot check.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRONR-III
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
D After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
D When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
6-21
Rear Axle
When to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See “Scheduled Maintenance
Services” in the Index.
The proper level is from 5/8 inch to 1 5/8 inch
(15 mm to 40 mm) below the bottom of the filler
plug hole. Add only enough fluid to reach the
proper level.
How to Check Lubricant
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
6-22
All-Wheel Drive
Lubricant checks in this section also apply to these
vehicles. However, there are two additional systems that
need lubrication.
Transfer Case
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” in the Index.
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
Use care not to overtighten the plug.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
(A) Fill Plug (B) Drain Plug
6-23
Front Axle
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See “Scheduled Maintenance
Services” in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you may need to add some lubricant.
When the differential is cold, add enough lubricant
to raise the level to 1/2 inch (12 mm) below the filler
plug hole.
When the differential is at operating temperature
(warm), add enough lubricant to raise the level to the
bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
6-24
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
6-25
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
6-26
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
The coolant surge tank is
located in the engine
compartment on the
passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See “Engine
Compartment Overview”
in the Index for information
on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the
FULL COLD mark.
If the LOW COOLANT LEVEL message comes on
and stays on, it means you’re low on engine coolant.
See “Low Coolant” in the Index.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight.
6-27
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
The coolant surge tank
pressure cap must be fully
installed on the coolant
surge tank.
Power Steering Fluid
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected and
repaired. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for reservoir location.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
NOTICE:
Your coolant surge tank pressure cap is a 15 psi
(105 kPa) pressure-type cap and must be tightly
installed to prevent coolant loss and possible
engine damage from overheating.
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the
level up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-28
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing. See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for reservoir location.
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
Adding Washer Fluid
Your vehicle has a CHECK WASHER FLUID message
that comes on in the DIC when the washer fluid is low.
Add washer fluid to the windshield washer fluid reservoir
when this message comes on. See “Check Washer Fluid
Message” in the Index for more information.
The windshield washer fluid reservoir is located in the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until
the tank is full.
D
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing
occurs, which could damage the tank if
it is completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
6-29
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder
reservoir is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid. See
“Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for
the location of the reservoir.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
See “Checking Brake Fluid” in this section.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should
have your brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t
work at all.
6-30
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
check your brake fluid. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” in the Index.
Checking Brake Fluid
You can check the brake
fluid without taking off
the cap.
Just look at the brake fluid
reservoir. The fluid level
should be above MIN.
If it isn’t, have your brake
system checked to see if
there is a leak.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system, make
sure the level is above the MIN but not over the MAX mark.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine oil,
in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the wrong
kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
6-31
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come
and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving
(except when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
6-32
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7 of
this manual under Part C “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc brakes
adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
Vehicle Storage
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake parts.
When you replace parts of your braking system -- for
example, when your brake linings wear down and you
need new ones put in -- be sure you get new approved
GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
between your front and rear brakes can change -- for the
worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect
can change in many other ways if someone puts in the
wrong replacement brake parts.
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery,
get one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco
battery. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for battery location.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
6-33
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For any bulb changing procedure not listed here, contact
your dealer.
1. Open the hood as described earlier in this section and
locate the affected headlamp on the inner front
portion of the hood.
For the proper types of bulbs to use, see “Replacement
Bulbs” in the Index.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
6-34
2. Turn the bulb/socket
retainer (arrow)
counterclockwise to
unlock the bulb/socket.
You may prefer to unplug
the electrical connector
before removing the
bulb/socket. If so,
complete Step 4
before doing this step.
3. Pull the bulb/socket
straight out from the
headlamp housing.
4. Unplug the electrical
connector.
Front Turn Signal/Parking Lamp
To change this bulb, do the following.
1. Open the hood as described earlier in this section and
locate the affected lamp.
2. Turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise and
remove it from the
lamp housing.
5. Push the new bulb/socket into the headlamp
assembly being sure to align the splines on the
bulb/socket with the splines in the headlamp
housing. Use care not to touch the bulb with your
fingers or hands.
6. Turn the bulb/socket retainer clockwise to lock the
bulb/socket in place.
7. Plug in the electrical connector.
3. Pull the bulb from the bulb socket.
4. Put the new bulb into the bulb socket.
5. Put the bulb socket into the lamp housing and
turn it clockwise until it locks.
6-35
Daytime Running Lamp
3. Remove the bulb from the bulb socket.
To change this bulb, do the following.
4. Put the new bulb into the bulb socket.
1. Locate the lamp
assembly behind the
front bumper. It is
easiest to come in
from the side of the
vehicle through the
wheel opening.
5. Put the bulb socket into the lamp housing and
turn it clockwise until it locks.
Center High Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL)
It is recommended that this component be replaced as a
unit by your dealer.
Front and Rear Sidemarker Lamps
It is recommended that these components be replaced by
your dealer.
2. Turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise and
remove it from the
lamp housing.
6-36
Taillamps
A. Stoplamp
B. Turn Signal Lamp
C. Back-Up Lamp
3. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise to remove it
from the taillamp housing.
4. Pull the bulb straight out
from the socket.
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Remove the two screws
from the rear lamp
assembly and remove
the rear lamp assembly.
5. Press a new bulb into the socket, insert it into
the taillamp housing and turn the socket clockwise
until it is locked in place.
6. Reinstall the rear lamp assembly and tighten
the screws.
6-37
Corner Roof Marker Lamps
2. Turn the socket counterclockwise to remove it and
remove the old bulb.
1. Remove the screw and lift off the lens.
3. Put a new bulb into the socket.
4. Reinstall the socket into the lens and turn it
clockwise to lock it into place.
5. Hook the side of the lens with the hook end in the
notch first and then tighten the screw.
6-38
Center Roof Marker Lamps
1. Push in on the notch with a flat tool and pull the
lamp out.
2. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise and remove it
from the lamp housing.
3. Remove the bulb from the bulb socket.
4. Put the new bulb into the bulb socket.
5. Place the hook end of the lamp in place on one side
and push the other end of the lamp down until it
locks in place.
6-39
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear and cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” in the Index for more information.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. For proper type and length,
see “Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the
Index.
To replace the windshield wiper blade assembly, do the
following:
1. Lift the wiper arm and turn the blade until it is facing
away from the windshield.
2. Push the release lever and slide the wiper assembly
toward the driver’s side of the vehicle.
3. Install a new blade by reversing Steps 1 and 2.
6-40
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your Hummer Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
D
D
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
6-41
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Certification/Tire label, which is on the rear edge of
the driver’s door, shows the correct inflation pressures
for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or driven
no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy
NOTICE: (Continued)
6-42
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Also, check the
tire pressure of the spare tire.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or wheels.
See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and “Wheel
Replacement” later in this section for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See “Scheduled Maintenance
Services” in the Index for scheduled rotation intervals.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear
inflation pressures as shown on the Certification/Tire
label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly
tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later,
if you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
6-43
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
D
D
D
D
around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
6-44
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Certification/Tire label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size, load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
6-45
Treadwear
Temperature -- A, B, C
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course
as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
6-46
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use the
correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for
replacement.
6-47
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for more
information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is dangerous.
You can’t know how it’s been used or how far it’s
been driven. It could fail suddenly and cause a
crash. If you have to replace a wheel, use a new
GM original equipment wheel.
6-48
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for your tires. Install
them on the rear axle tires and tighten them
as tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened.
Drive slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s
instructions. If you can hear the chains contacting
your vehicle, stop and retighten them. If the
contact continues, slow down until it stops.
Driving too fast or spinning the wheels with
chains on will damage your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Naphtha
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Carbon Tetrachloride
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric and
carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very
well. You can get GM-approved cleaning products from
your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials” in
the Index.
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-49
Here are some cleaning tips:
D
D
D
D
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area
often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
entire area immediately or it will set.
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section.
Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
4. Let dry.
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate
the material and don’t rub it roughly.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove any excess cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
6-50
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to dry
completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
Cleaning Vinyl
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for this
product.
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the surface
finish.
Cleaning Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Clean spots with just water
and mild soap.
6-51
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Keep belts clean and dry.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or
a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do,
it may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
6-52
NOTICE:
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they
may cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the
inside rear window, since they may have to be
scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners are used on
the inside of the rear window, an electric defogger
element may be damaged. Any temporary license
should not be attached across the defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade or
windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads
do not form when you rinse it with water.
If you use a glass treatment or conditioner containing
ethyl alcohol or ethyl sulfate on your glass, be sure
to remove the acrylic roof panel, if so equipped.
These products may damage the panel.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See “Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants” in the Index.
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
6-53
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing
on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Finish Care
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on
painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible.
If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a
car washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
6-54
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
Cleaning Tires
Bright metal parts should be cleaned regularly to keep
their luster. Washing with water is all that is usually
needed. However, you may use chrome polish on
chrome or stainless steel trim, if necessary.
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid
damaging protective trim, never use auto or chrome
polish, steam or caustic soap to clean aluminum.
A coating of wax, rubbed to high polish, is
recommended for all bright metal parts.
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
A wax may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on aluminum wheels.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
6-55
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
6-56
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched
into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this,
Hummer will repair, at no charge to the owner,
the surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout
condition within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km)
of purchase, whichever occurs first.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
6-57
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label located in the glove box. It’s very
helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this label is:
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears
on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel,
on the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through
the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
6-58
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle unless
you check with your dealer first. Some electrical
equipment can damage your vehicle and the
damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem and not snow, etc., be sure to get it fixed.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links. This greatly reduces the
chance of fires caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
6-59
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The fuse block access door
is on the driver’s side end
of the instrument panel.
Pull off the cover to access
the fuse block.
You can remove fuses with a fuse extractor which is
mounted to the fuse block access door. To remove fuses
if you don’t have a fuse extractor, hold the end of the
fuse between your thumb and index finger and pull
straight out.
You may have spare fuses located behind the fuse block
access door. These can be used to replace a bad fuse.
However, make sure it is of the correct amperage.
6-60
NAME
Usage
RR WIPER
SEO ACCY
WS WPR
TBC ACCY
IGN 3
Rear Window Wiper Switch
Not Used
Windshield Wipers
Truck Body Controller Accessory
Rear Heated Seats Modules
NAME
4WD
HTR A/C
LOCK
HVAC 1
L DOOR
CRUISE
UNLOCK
RR FOG LP
BRAKE
PDM
IGN 0
TBC IGN 0
VEH CHMSL
LT TRLR
ST/TRN
Usage
Four Wheel Drive Switch,
Electronically Controlled
Air Suspension Switch/Module
Not Used
Power Door Lock Relay
Inside Rearview Mirror,
Climate Control System
Harness Connector
Cruise Control
Power Door Unlock Relay
NAME
LT TRN
VEH STOP
Not Used
Brake Switch
Passenger Door Module
Brake Transmission Shift Interlock,
Powertrain Control Module,
Transmission
Truck Body Controller
Vehicle and Trailer Center
High Mounted Stop Lamp
Left Turn Signal/Stop Trailer
LOCKS
BODY
RT TRLR
ST/TRN
RT TRN
DDM
AUX PWR 2
ECC
TBC 2C
FLASH
CB LT DOORS
TBC 2B
TBC 2A
Usage
Left Turn Signals and Sidemarkers
Vehicle Stoplamps, Brake Module,
Electronic Throttle Control Module
Harness Connector
Right Turn Signal/Stop Trailer
Right Turn Signals and Sidemarkers
Driver Door Module
Instrument Panel and Rear Cargo
Area Power Outlets
Rear Doors and Liftgate Power
Lock Relay Feed
Not Used
Truck Body Controller
Flasher Module
Left Rear Power Window Circuit
Breaker and Driver Door Module
Truck Body Controller
Truck Body Controller
6-61
Center Instrument Panel Utility Block
The center instrument panel utility block is located
underneath the instrument panel, to the left of the
steering column.
Relay/Connector Name
SEO
TRAILER
UPFIT
SL RIDE
HDLR 2
BODY
DEFOG
HDLR 1
SPARE RELAY
CB SEAT
CB RIGHT DOOR
SPARE
INFO
6-62
Usage
Special Equipment
Option/Off-Road Lamps
Harness Connector
Trailer Brake Wiring
Upfitter (Not Used)
Ride Control (Not Used)
Headliner Wiring
Connector 2
Body Wiring Connector
Rear Defogger Relay
Headliner Wiring
Connector 1
Not Used
Driver and Passenger Seat
Module Circuit Breaker
Right Rear Power Window,
Passenger Door Module
Not Used
Infotainment Unit
(Not Used)
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse/relay block is located near the
battery in the engine compartment. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on its location. Lift the cover for access
to the fuse/relay block.
6-63
6-64
Name
Usage
Name
Usage
STUD #1
Accessory Power/Trailer Wiring
TRL PRK
Parking Lamps Trailer Wiring
MBEC 1
Mid Bussed Electrical Center Power
Feed, Front Seats, Right Doors
RR PRK
Right Rear Parking and
Sidemarker Lamps
BLOWER
Front Climate Control Fan
LR PRK
LBEC 2
Left Bussed Electrical Center,
Door Modules, Door Locks,
Auxiliary Power Outlet--Rear
Cargo Area and Instrument Panel
Left Rear Parking and
Sidemarker Lamps
PARK LP
Parking Lamps Relay
STARTER
Starter Relay
INTPARK
Roof Marker Lamps
STOP LP
Stoplamps
STUD 2
Accessory Power/Trailer Wiring
Brake Feed
ABS
Anti-Lock Brakes
TBC BATT
Truck Body Controller Battery Feed
VSES/ECAS
(ECAS) Electronically Controlled
Air Suspension
SUNROOF
Sunroof
SEO B2
Off-Road Lamps
IGN A
Ignition Switch
4WS
Vent Solenoid Canister
IGN B
Ignition Switch
RR HVAC
Not Used
LBEC 1
Left Bussed Electrical Center,
Left Doors, Truck Body Controller,
Flasher Module
AUX PWR
Auxiliary Power Outlet--Console
6-65
Name
Usage
Name
Usage
IGN1
Ignition Relay
B/U LP
PCM 1
Powertrain Control Module
Backup Lamps, Automatic
Transmission Shift Lock
Control System
ETC/ECM
Electronic Throttle Control,
Electronic Brake Controller
RR DEFOG
Rear Window Defogger
INJ 1
Ignition Coil, Fuel Injectors--Bank 1
HDLP-HI
Headlamp High Beam Relay
INJ 2
Ignition Coil, Fuel Injectors--Bank 2
PRIME
Not Used
IGN E
Instrument Panel Cluster,
Air Conditioning Relay, Turn
Signal/Hazard Switch, Starter Relay,
Electronic Brake Controller TC2
Mode Switch
02B
Oxygen Sensors
SIR
Supplemental Inflatable
Restraint System
FRT PRK
Front Parking Lamps,
Sidemarker Lamps
RTD
Electronic Brake Controller
Battery Feed
DRL
Daytime Running Lamps Relay
TRL B/U
Backup Lamps Trailer Wiring
SEO IGN
Rear Defog Relay
PCM B
Powertrain Control Module,
Fuel Pump
TBC IGN1
Truck Body Controller Ignition
HI HDLP-LT
High Beam Headlamp-Left
F/PMP
Fuel Pump Relay
LH HID
Not Used
02A
Oxygen Sensors
DRL
Daytime Running Lamps
6-66
Name
Usage
Name
Usage
IPC/DIC
Instrument Panel Cluster/Driver
Information Center
CRANK
Starting System
LO HDLP-RT
Headlamp Low Beam-Right
HVAC/ECAS
Climate Control Controller/
Electronically Controlled Air
Suspension Module
FOG LP
Not Used (Relay)
FOG LP
Not Used
CIG LTR
Cigarette Lighter
HORN
Horn Relay
HI HDLP-RT
High Beam Headlamp-Right
W/S WASH
HDLP-LOW
Headlamp Low Beam Relay
Windshield and Rear Window
Washer Pump Relay
A/C COMP
Air Conditioning Compressor
W/S WASH
Windshield and Rear Window
Washer Pump
A/C COMP
Air Conditioning Compressor Relay
INFO
OnStar
RR WPR
Rear Wiper/Washer
RDO AMP
Radio Amplifier
RADIO
Audio System
RH HID
Not Used
SEO B1
Mid Bussed Electrical Center,
Rear Heated Seats, HomeLink
HORN
Horn
LO HDLP-LT
Headlamp Low Beam-Left
EAP
Not Used
BTSI
Brake Transmission Shift
Interlock System
TREC
All-Wheel Drive Module
SBA
Not Used
6-67
Replacement Bulbs
Bulb
Number
Low-Beam and High-Beam Headlamps . . . . . . 9007
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) . . . . . . . . . 4157K or
3157KX
Front Parking and Turn Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . 4157K or
3157KX
Rear Taillamp and Stop Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3157
Rear Turn Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3157
Back-up Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4157 or 3157
Center Roof Marker Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Corner Roof Marker Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
For replacement bulbs not listed here, please consult
your dealer.
Capacities and Specifications
Please refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index for more information. All capacities are
approximate.
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VORTEC 6000
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V8
VIN Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . U
Spark Plug Gap . . . . . . . . . . 0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
Wheels and Tires
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . 140 lb-ft (190 N·m)
Tire Pressure . . . . . . . See the Certification/Tire label
on the rear edge of the driver’s door.
Capacities
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.8 quarts (14.0 L)
Engine Oil with Filter Capacity . . . 6.0 quarts (5.7 L)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32.0 gallons (121.0 L)
6-68
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Capacity
If you do your own service work, you’ll need the proper
service manual. See “Doing Your Own Service Work” in
the Index for additional information. It is recommended
that service work on your air conditioning system be
performed by a qualified technician.
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R-134a
1.8 lbs. (0.8 kg)
Use Refrigerant Oil, R-134a Systems
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PF44*
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88944151*
PCV Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CV948C*
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PTZ16R15 Denso†
PZTR5A15 NGK†
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GF626*
Wiper Blades (Front) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15706394**
Wiper Blade Type (Front) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ITTA
Wiper Blade Length (Front) . . . 22.0 inches (56.0 cm)
Wiper Blades (Rear) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15174476**
Wiper Blade Type (Rear) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ITTA
Wiper Blade Length (Rear) . . . . . . 11 inches (28 cm)
* ACDelcoR Part No.
**GM Part No.
† Spark Plug Gap is 0.060 inches
6-69
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-4
7-5
7-16
Introduction
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Scheduled Maintenance
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
7-20
7-22
7-24
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
7-2
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in this
manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” explains
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
should be checked and when. It also explains what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center should
perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help keep
your vehicle properly maintained. These products, or
their equivalents, should be used whether you do the
work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for you
to record and keep track of the maintenance performed
on your vehicle. Keep your maintenance receipts.
They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for
warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in
many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer.
7-4
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses
these. All parts should be replaced and all necessary
repairs done before you or anyone else drives the
vehicle.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
D carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Certification/Tire label. See “Loading Your Vehicle”
in the Index.
D are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
D are driven off-road in the recommended manner.
See “Off-Road Driving” in the Index.
D use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same interval
after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the life of
this vehicle.
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C of
this schedule.
7-5
Scheduled Maintenance
Engine Oil and Chassis Lubrication
Scheduled Maintenance
Change engine oil and filter as indicated by the
GM Oil Life Systemt (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). Reset the system.
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly,
you must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL message will
come on. Change your oil as soon as possible within
the next two times you stop for fuel. It is possible that,
if you are driving under the best conditions, the oil life
7-6
system may not indicate that an oil change is necessary
for over a year. However, your engine oil and filter must
be changed at least once a year and at this time the
system must be reset. It is also important to check your
oil regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See “Oil Life System” in the Index
for information on resetting the system.
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components with each engine oil and
filter change. Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints,
steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, and parking
brake cable guides. Ball joints should not be lubricated
unless their temperature is 10_F (-12_C) or higher, or
they could be damaged.
Scheduled Maintenance
7-7
Scheduled Maintenance
7-8
Scheduled Maintenance
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-9
Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-10
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j Change automatic transmission fluid and if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter at 100,000 miles (166 000 km).
j Change transfer case fluid.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-11
Scheduled Maintenance
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
j
j
j
j
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
Inspect Evaporative Control System. Check all fuel and vapor lines and hoses
for proper hook-up, routing and condition. Check that the purge valve works
properly, if equipped. Replace as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
7-12
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-13
Scheduled Maintenance
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Replace fuel filter.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote[.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
j Check rear/front axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check constant
velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
7-14
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
j Change automatic transmission fluid and if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transmission fluid,
change both the fluid and filter.
j Change transfer case fluid.
j Inspect Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) valve.
An Emission Control Service.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
j Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-15
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed in this part are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important for you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil
if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for further details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See “Tires” in the
Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
7-16
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Automatic Transmission Check
Check the transmission fluid level; add if needed.
See “Automatic Transmission Fluid” in the Index.
A fluid loss may indicate a problem. Check the system
and repair if needed.
At Least Once a Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Wiper Blade Check
Lubricate all body door hinges, hood latch assembly,
secondary latch, pivots, spring anchor, release pawl,
liftgate hinge, liftgate linkage, liftgate handle pivot
points, latch bolt, locks and folding seat hardware.
Part D tells you what to use. More frequent lubrication
may be required when exposed to a corrosive
environment.
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Body Lubrication Service
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather more frequent application may be
required. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.
7-17
Starter Switch Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See “Parking Brake” in the Index if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turn
off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your vehicle
needs service.
7-18
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock Control
System Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
D The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
D The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission
PARK (P) Mechanism Check
CAUTION:
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
D To check the parking brake’s holding ability:
With the engine running and transmission in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from
the regular brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is
held by the parking brake only.
D To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle begin to move.
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
7-19
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center
do these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Steering and Suspension Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc.
7-20
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which could
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust”
in the Index.
Fuel System Inspection
Inspect the complete fuel system for damage or leaks.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser. To help
ensure proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap is recommended at least once
a year.
Transfer Case and Front Axle
(All-Wheel Drive) Inspection
Every 12 months or at engine oil change intervals, check
front axle and transfer case and add lubricant when
necessary. A fluid loss could indicate a problem; check
and have it repaired, if needed. Check vent hose at
transfer case for kinks and proper installation. More
frequent lubrication may be required on off-road use.
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and
rotors for surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc. You may need to
have your brakes inspected more often if your driving
habits or conditions result in frequent braking.
7-21
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified
for Gasoline Engines starburst
symbol of the proper viscosity.
To determine the preferred
viscosity for your vehicle’s engine,
see “Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
Hydraulic
Brake System
7-22
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only DEX-COOLR
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index.
Delco Supreme 11R Brake Fluid or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
USAGE
Windshield
Washer Solvent
Power Steering
System
Automatic
Transmission
FLUID/LUBRICANT
GM OptikleenR Washer Solvent
or equivalent.
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 1052884,
in Canada 993294, or equivalent).
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose
Lubricant, SuperlubeR
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474, or equivalent).
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985,
in Canada 88901242, or equivalent)
or lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
USAGE
Front and
Rear Axle
Transfer Case
Hood Hinges
FLUID/LUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Outer Liftgate
Handle Pivot
Points
Multi-Purpose
Lubricant, SuperlubeR
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474, or equivalent).
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 1974984, or equivalent).
Multi-Purpose
Lubricant, SuperlubeR
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474, or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Squeaks
Synthetic Grease with
Teflon, SuperlubeR
(GM Part No. U.S. 12371287,
in Canada 10953437, or equivalent).
SAE 75WR-90 Synthetic
Axle Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12378261,
in Canada 10953455) or equivalent
meeting GM Specification 9986115.
7-23
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service in the
boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or
“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-24
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-25
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-26
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact HUMMER if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain
service publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-5
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Assistance Program
8-7
8-7
8-9
8-10
8-10
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Courtesy Transportation
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
8-
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to HUMMER. Normally, any concerns with
the sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle
will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the HUMMER Consumer Relations Manager by
calling 1-866-HUMMER6 (1-866-486-6376, Customer
Assistance prompt). In Canada, contact
GM of Canada Customer Communication Centre
in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting HUMMER, please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern
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STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your
dealer are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file with the
GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet
for information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle
Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it
and proceed with any other venue for relief available
to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle
age, mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves
the right to change eligibility limitations and/or
discontinue its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing,
or speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones
(TTYs), HUMMER has TTY equipment available
at its Customer Assistance Center. Any TTY
user can communicate with HUMMER by dialing:
1-866-HUMMER6 (1-866-486-6376). (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
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Customer Assistance Offices
HUMMER encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to
write to HUMMER, the letter should be addressed to
HUMMER’s Customer Assistance Center.
United States
HUMMER Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33177
Detroit, MI 48232-5177
1-866-HUMMER6 (486–6376)
(For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-GMC-8782 (462-8782)
From:
Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
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Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
All Overseas Locations
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52 - 53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver
or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
Roadside Assistance Program
HUMMER’s Roadside Assistance provides stranded
owners with over-the-phone roadside repairs, location
of the nearest HUMMER dealer or the following
special services:
Flat Tire Change: Installation of spare tire will be
covered at no charge (customer is responsible for repair
or replacement of tire).
Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel for the customer
to get to the nearest service station (up to $5.00) will
be covered.
Jump Start: No-start situations which require a battery
jump start will be covered at no charge.
Lock Out: Replacement keys or locksmith service will
be covered at no charge if you are unable to gain entry
into your vehicle. Delivery of the replacement key will
be covered at no charge within 10 miles (16 km).
Emergency Towing Service: Towing to the nearest
HUMMER dealer for warranty related disablements
will be covered.
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Trip Routing: Custom-made, computerized highlighted
maps using the most direct or scenic route are provided
free of charge. Maps include points of interest and a list
of HUMMER dealers along the route. Also included is a
list of hotels along the route that are discounted through
affiliation with “Quest International.” Trip Routing
is available through Roadside Assistance by calling
1-866-HUMMER6 (486-6376). Please be prepared
to provide your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
Allow five working days for fulfillment.
Trip Interruption Assistance: HUMMER will reimburse
any reasonable trip interruption expenses (up to $500.00)
when directly associated with warranty disablement.
Trip Interruption service covers expenses such as meals
and overnight lodging if vehicle disablement occurs at
least 150 miles (240 km) from your home or rental
property. You will be required to obtain prior approval
from HUMMER Roadside Assistance and pay for
expenses at the time of disablement. Original receipts
should be submitted to HUMMER Roadside Assistance
for reimbursement. A service representative will provide
assistance when you call.
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The Roadside Assistance services listed are available
to retail and retail lease customers operating 2002
HUMMER’s for a period of 3 years/36,000 miles
(60 000 km). All services must be pre-arranged by
HUMMER Roadside Assistance.
Over-the-phone assistance, such as providing the
name of the closest dealer or minor technical advice,
etc., is available to all owner/operators of HUMMER’s,
regardless of vehicle or mileage.
Just dial HUMMER Roadside Assistance at
1-866-HUMMER6 (1-866-486-6376, Roadside
Assistance prompt) to reach a qualified representative
who can assist you. Text telephone (TTY) users,
call 1-888-889-2438.
Your Roadside Assistance representative will ask for
the following information when your call is received:
D Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
D Name and home address
D Telephone number and location from which you
are calling
D Location, license plate number and color of
your HUMMER
D Mileage of vehicle and description of problem
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours a day,
7 days a week, 365 days a year, including weekends
and holidays. Should you have any questions about
roadside assistance, call the HUMMER Roadside
Assistance Center or contact your dealer.
Roadside Assistance is not part of or included in the
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
HUMMER reserves the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Roadside Assistance program at any
time without notification.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book or
call 1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Courtesy Transportation
HUMMER has always exemplified quality and value
in its offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your
ownership experience, we and our participating dealers
are proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
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If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem
is safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership,
let them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait, HUMMER
helps minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a
one way shuttle ride to a destination up to 10 miles
from the dealership.
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Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative, reimbursement
for reasonable fuel expenses up to $10 per day (five day
maximum) may be available. Claim amounts should
reflect actual costs and be supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
When your vehicle is unavailable due to overnight
warranty repairs, your dealer may arrange to provide
you with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for
a rental vehicle you obtained, at actual cost, up to a
maximum of $30.00 per day supported by receipts.
This requires that you sign and complete a rental
agreement and meet state, local and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and may
include minimum age requirements, insurance coverage,
credit card, etc. You are responsible for fuel usage
charges and may also be responsible for taxes, levies,
usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage beyond the
completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as
a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each new
vehicle provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle service,
may not be available at every dealer. Please contact
your dealer for specific information about availability.
All Courtesy Transportation arrangements will be
administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein
at its sole discretion.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or death,
you should immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
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Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-866-HUMMER6
(1-866-486-6376), or write:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
HUMMER Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33177
Detroit, MI 48232-5177
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
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SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case
Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair
service procedures, adjustments and specifications
for GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to assist
in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product
Service Bulletins can be obtained by contacting
your General Motors dealer or by calling
1-800-GMDRIVE (1-800-463-7483).
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the
Maintenance Schedule for all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123 – Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
Visit Helm, Inc. on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA-MasterCard-Discover)
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds.
Canadian residents are to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
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