Owner's
Manual
160s
150s
140s
130s
SMARTER BY PFAFF™ – inspired and developed by the premier PFAFF® sewing machine brand
This household sewing machine is designed to comply with IEC/
EN 60335-2-28 and UL1594.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
When using an electrical appliance, basic safety precautions should
always be followed, including the following:
Read all instructions before using this household sewing machine.
Keep the instructions at a suitable place close to the machine. Make
sure to hand them over if the machine is given to a third party.
DANGER – TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC
SHOCK:
• A sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged
in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electric outlet
immediately after using and before cleaning, removing covers,
lubricating or when making any other user servicing adjustments
mentioned in the instruction manual.
WARNING – TO REDUCE THE RISK OF BURNS,
FIRE, ELECTRIC SHOCK, OR INJURY TO PERSON:
• Do not allow to be used as a toy. Close attention is neccesary when
this sewing machine is used by or near children.
• Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described
in this manual. Use only attachments recommended by the
manufacturer as contained in this manual.
• Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord
or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or
damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to
the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination,
repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.
• Never operate the sewing machine with any air openings blocked.
Keep ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot control
free from the accumulation of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
‡.HHSÀQJHUVDZD\IURPDOOPRYLQJSDUWV6SHFLDOFDUHLVUHTXLUHG
around the sewing machine needle.
• Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause
the needle to break.
2
• Do not use bent needles.
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needle causing it to break.
• Wear safety glasses.
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in the needle area, such as threading needle, changing needle,
threading bobbin, or changing presser foot, etc.
• Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
• Do not use outdoors.
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where oxygen is being administrated.
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remove plug from outlet.
• Do not unplug by pulling on cord. To unplug, grasp the plug, not
the cord.
• The foot control is used to operate the machine. Avoid placing
other objects on the foot control.
• Do not use the machine if it is wet.
• If the LED lamp is damaged or broken, it must be replaced by the
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VVHUYLFHDJHQWRUDVLPLODUO\TXDOLÀHGSHUVRQ
in order to avoid a hazard.
• If the supply cord connected with the foot control is damaged,
it must be replaced by the manufacturer or its service agent or a
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• This sewing machine is provided with double insulation. Use
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Double-Insulated Appliances.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
3
FOR EUROPE ONLY:
This appliance can be used by children aged from 8 years and above
and persons with reduced physical, sensory or mental capabilities or
lack of experience and knowledge if they have been given supervision
or instruction concerning use of the appliance in a safe way and
understand the hazards involved. Children shall not play with the
appliance. Cleaning and user maintenance shall not be made by
children without supervision.
The noise level under normal operating conditions is less than
G%$
The machine must only be used with foot control of type ”FC-1902
(110-120V), FC-2902A/FC-2902D (220-240V)” manufactured by ZHEJIANG FOUNDER MOTOR CORPORATION LTD (China).
FOR OUTSIDE EUROPE:
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FKLOGUHQZLWKUHGXFHGSK\VLFDOVHQVRU\RUPHQWDOFDSDELOLWLHV
or lack of experience and knowledge, unless they have been given
supervision or instruction concerning use of the sewing machine by a
person responsible for their safety. Children should be supervised to
ensure that they do not play with the sewing machine.
The noise level under normal operating conditions is less than
G%$
The machine must only be used with foot control of type ”FC-1902
(110-120V), FC-2902A/FC-2902D (220-240V)” manufactured by ZHEJIANG FOUNDER MOTOR CORPORATION LTD (China).
SERVICING OF DOUBLE INSULATED
PRODUCTS
In a double-insulated product, two systems of insulation are provided
instead of grounding. No ground means is provided on a doubleinsulated product, nor should a means for grounding be added to the
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care and knowledge of the system and should be done only by
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product must be identical to those parts in the product. A doubleLQVXODWHGSURGXFWLVPDUNHGZLWKWKHZRUGV¶'28%/(,168/$7,21·
RU¶'28%/(,168/$7('·
4
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ................................. 6
6WLWFK/HQJWK...............................................21
Machine Overview ............................................ 6
)URQW6LGH ......................................................6
6WLWFK:LGWK ................................................22
Top Parts .......................................................7
5HYHUVH6HZLQJ ..........................................22
Adjustable Needle Position ......................22
5HDU6LGH .......................................................7
Accessories .......................................................... 7
Included Accessories not in Picture ..........7
Presser Feet ...................................................8
6WLWFK2YHUYLHZ²VV......................9
6WLWFK2YHUYLHZ²VV....................10
PREPARATIONS ...............................11
Unpacking ..................................................11
&RQQHFWWRWKH3RZHU6XSSO\ ..................11
3DFNDZD\DIWHU6HZLQJ ............................12
Free Arm .....................................................12
SEWING ..............................................23
6WDUWWR6HZ²6WUDLJKW6WLWFK ....................23
&KDQJH6HZLQJ'LUHFWLRQ .........................23
)LQLVK6HZLQJ .............................................23
5HLQIRUFHG6WUDLJKW6WLWFK .........................24
7KUHH6WHS=LJ]DJ6WLWFK...........................24
2YHUORFN6WLWFK ...........................................25
&ORVHG2YHUORFN6WLWFK..............................25
Blindhem .....................................................26
6HZLQJRQ3DWFKHVRU$SSOLTXpV .............27
Leveling the Machine Base Plate .............12
Darning with the
7KUHH6WHS=LJ]DJ6WLWFK..........................27
Thread Cutter .............................................12
Repairing Tears ..........................................27
6SRRO3LQV ...................................................13
6HZLQJRQ%XWWRQV .....................................28
Threading the Machine .............................14
6WDQGDUG%XWWRQKROHPRGHOVV.... 29
Needle Threader ........................................15
6WDQGDUG%XWWRQKROHPRGHOVV....30
Threading for Twin Needle......................16
&RUGHG%XWWRQKROH6WUHWFK)DEULFV ......31
Bobbin Winding .........................................17
6HZLQJ=LSSHUV ..........................................32
Inserting the Bobbin ..................................17
Presser Foot Pressure ................................18
MAINTENANCE ................................33
Thread Tension ..........................................18
Cleaning the Machine ...............................33
Needles........................................................19
Cleaning the Bobbin Area ........................33
Changing the Needle ................................19
Cleaning Under the Bobbin Area ............33
Lowering Feed Dogs .................................20
5HSODFLQJWKH6WLWFK3ODWH .........................33
Presser Foot Lift .........................................20
Changing the Presser Foot .......................20
TROUBLESHOOTING .....................34
6WLWFK6HOHFWLRQ ...........................................21
5
7
1
2
8
4
5
6
9
3
10
11
INTRODUCTION
15
16
17
12
18
13
19
20
14
Machine Overview
Front Side
6
1. Threading slots
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2. Thread cutter
12. Needle bar
3. LED light
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4. Reverse lever
14. Bobbin cover
5. Free arm
15. Lower thread guide
6. Accessory tray
16. Needle screw
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17. Presser foot lift
8. Handwheel
18. Needle thread guide
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19. Presser foot bar and presser foot holder
10. Built-in needle threader
20. Presser foot
Top Parts
21
22
23
24
25
21. Presser foot pressure dial
22. Thread guides
6SRROFDSV6SRROSLQ
24. Hole for auxiliary
spool pin
25. Bobbin winder spindle
26. Take-up lever
27. Thread tension discs
28. Bobbin winder
tension disc
29. Thread tension dial
26
27
28
29
30
6WLWFKZLGWKGLDO
32
Rear Side
31. Main switch, connectors for power
cord and foot control
32. Handle
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Accessories
31
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33
35. Felt pad
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6SRROFDSODUJH
36
35
6SRROFDSVPDOO
34
6HDPULSSHUEUXVKDVRQH
40. Edge guide
41. Auxiliary spool pin
37
39
38
Included Accessories
not in Picture
• Foot control and power cord
• Needles
40
41
• Hard cover
7
Presser Feet
Standard Presser Foot 0
This foot is used mainly for straight stitching and zigzag stitching
with a stitch length longer than 1.0 mm.
Clearview Foot 1
When sewing decorative stitches or short zigzag stitches and
other utility stitches with less than 1.0mm stitch length, use this
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smoothly over the stitches.
Blindhem Foot 3
This foot is used for blindhem stitches. The toe on the foot guides
the fabric. The red guide on the foot is designed to ride along the
fold of the hem edge.
Note: Always use at least 5mm stitch width when using Blind Hem Foot
3. If using a stitch width other than the recommended, swing the needle
by turning the hand wheel to make sure the needle doesn’t hit the metal
pin in the foot.
Zipper Foot 4
This foot can be snapped on either the right or the left of the needle, making it easy to sew close to both sides of the zipper teeth.
Move the needle position to the right or left to sew closer to zipper
teeth.
Four-Step Buttonhole Foot 5A (for 130s/140s)
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and stop your buttonhole at precisely the correct point.
One-Step Buttonhole Foot 5B (for 150s/160s)
This foot has a space in the back for a button used to set the size of
WKHEXWWRQKROH7KHPDFKLQHZLOOVHZDEXWWRQKROHWRÀWWKDWEXWton size.
8
Stitch Overview – 150s/160s
Stitch
Name
Description
1-step Buttonhole
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0
6WUDLJKWVWLWFK
For all straight stitching and topstitching
0
=LJ]DJVWLWFK
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0
Triple zigzag stitch
For stitching on elastic band, darning tears and
patches
3
Blindhem stitch
For invisible hem attachment
3
Elastic blindhem
stitch *
For invisible hem attachment and simultaneous
serging, also for stretch fabrics
1
Decor stitch
For all fabrics and types of work
1
Checker satin stitch
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1
Open scallop
6DWLQGHFRUDWLYHVWLWFK
1
%ULGJLQJ6WLWFK
For overcasting, sewing on elastic, darning tears
and inserting patches
0/1
Greek stitch
A traditional decorative stitch e.g. for borders
and towels
0/1
6KHOOHGJLQJVWLWFK
)RUGHFRUDWLYHKHPVRQÀQHPDWHULDOVHJOLQHQ
0
Reinforced straight
stitch *
For stretch seams, e.g. crotch seams on sportsand workwear
1
Reinforced zigzag
stitch *
For attaching elastic tape on elastic materials
1
Honeycomb stitch *
For sewing on elastic threads, overlocking towelling and for decorative hem seams
1
Edge stitch narrow *
A decorative stitch
3
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A decorative stretch stitch
1
Decorative stitch
A decorative stitch
1
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A decorative stitch
1
Decorative stitch
A decorative stitch
0
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A decorative stitch
3
Closed overlock
stitch *
Overlock stitch *
A closing and serging seam for fraying materials
5B
3
* These stitches are stretch stitches
A closing and serging seam for stronger or nonfraying materials
9
Stitch Overview – 130s/140s
Stitch
3
2
1
Name
Description
4-step Buttonhole
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0
6WUDLJKWVWLWFK
For all straight stitching and topstitching
0
=LJ]DJVWLWFK
)RUVHUJLQJDQGDSSOLTXp
0
Triple zigzag stitch*
3
Elastic blindhem
stitch *
Blindhem stitch
For stitching on elastic band, darning tears and
patches
For invisible hem attachment and simultaneous
serging, also for stretch fabrics
For invisible hem attachment
0/1
6KHOOHGJLQJVWLWFK
)RUGHFRUDWLYHKHPVRQÀQHPDWHULDOVHJOLQHQ
0/1
Greek stitch
5A
4
3
1
%ULGJLQJ6WLWFK
1
Checker satin stitch
A traditional decorative stitch e.g. for borders
and towels
For overcasting, sewing on elastic, darning tears
and inserting patches
6DWLQGHFRUDWLYHVWLWFK
1
Open scallop
6DWLQGHFRUDWLYHVWLWFK
0
For stretch seams, e.g. crotch seams on sportsand workwear
For attaching elastic tape on elastic materials
1
Reinforced straight
stitch *
Reinforced zigzag
stitch *
Honeycomb stitch *
3
6XSHUVWUHWFK
For sewing on elastic threads, overlocking towelling and for decorative hem seams
A decorative stretch stitch
1
Edge stitch narrow
A decorative stitch
3
Overlock stitch *
3
0
Closed overlock
stitch *
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A closing and serging seam for stronger or nonfraying materials
A closing and serging seam for fraying materials
1
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A decorative stitch
1
Decorative stitch
A decorative stitch
1
* These stitches are stretch stitches
10
A decorative stitch
PREPARATIONS
Unpacking
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the machine out of the box, remove the
outer packaging and lift off the machine
carrying case.
2. Remove all outer packing material and the
plastic bag.
Note: Your SMARTER BY PFAFF™ 130s/140s/
150s/160s sewing machine is adjusted to provide the
best stitch result at normal room temperature. Extreme hot and cold temperatures can affect the sewn
result.
Connect to the Power Supply
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plug and the foot control.
Note: Consult a qualified electrician if in doubt as
how to connect the machine to the power source. Unplug the power cord when the machine is not in use.
For this sewing machine, foot control model
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FOUNDER MOTOR CORPORATION LTD
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B
A
1. Connect the plug of the foot control to
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machine and to the wall socket. The sewing
speed is regulated by pressing the foot
control.
2. Press the 2,VZLWFK%WR´,µWRWXUQRQ
power and light.
For the USA and Canada
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polarized outlet only one way. If the plug does
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to install the proper outlet. Do not modify the
plug in any way.
11
Pack away after Sewing
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Note: After switching off, residual power may still
remain in the machine. This may cause the light
to stay on for a few seconds while the power is
consumed. This is normal behavior for an energy
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2. Unplug the cord from the wall socket and
then from the machine.
3. Unplug the foot control cord from the
machine. Wind the cord around the foot
control for easy storage.
4. Place all accessories in the accessory tray.
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free arm.
5. Place the foot control in the space above
the free arm.
6. Put on the hard cover.
Free Arm
To use the free arm, slide off the accessory
tray. When attached, a hook keeps the accessory tray securely attached to the machine.
Remove the tray by sliding it to the left.
Leveling the Machine Base Plate
To make sure your machine stands steadily on
your sewing surface you can adjust the base
plate height.
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hand. Turn clockwise to lower and counterclockwise to raise the base plate.
A
B
Thread Cutter
To use the thread cutter, pull the thread from
EDFNWRIURQWDVVKRZQ%
12
Spool Pins
Your machine has two spool pins, a main
spool pin and an auxiliary spool pin. The
spool pins are designed for all types of
thread. The main spool pin is used in a
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VSRRODQGWKHDX[LOLDU\VSRROSLQLQDYHUWLFDOSRVLWLRQWKHWKUHDGVSRROURWDWHV8VH
the horizontal position for normal threads
and the vertical position for large spools or
specialty threads.
Main Spool Pin
Place a spool cap and the thread spool on
the spool pin. Make sure that the thread
reels off the spool counter clock-wise and
slide on a second spool cap.
Narrow thread spool
Large thread spool
Note: Not all thread spools are manufactured in
the same way. If you experience problems with
the thread, turn it in the opposite way or use the
vertical position.
Use a spool cap slightly larger than the
thread spool. For narrow thread spools, use
a smaller spool cap in front of the spool. For
large thread spools, use a larger spool cap
in front of the spool.
The flat side of the spool cap should be
pressed firmly against the spool. There
should be no space between the spool cap
and the thread spool.
A
Auxiliary Spool Pin
The auxiliary spool pin is used when winding a bobbin thread from a second spool of
thread or for a second spool when sewing
with a twin needle.
Insert the auxiliary spool pin into the hole at
WKHWRSRIWKHPDFKLQH$6OLGHRQDODUJH
spool cap and place a felt pad under the
thread spool. This is to prevent the thread
from reeling off too fast.
Do not place a spool cap on top of the spool
pin as that would prevent the spool from
rotating.
Auxiliary spool pin
13
Threading the Machine
Make sure that the presser foot is raised and the needle is in its highest position.
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WKHWHQVLRQGLVFV%
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WKUHDGLQJVORW'
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WKUHDGLQJVORWLQWRWKHORZHUWKUHDGJXLGH)DQGWRWKHQHHGOHWKUHDGJXLGH*
5. Thread the needle.
C
B
A
E
D
F
G
14
Needle Threader
The integrated needle threader allows you
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The needle must be in its highest position
to use the built-in needle threader. Turn the
handwheel until the notch on the wheel is
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lowering the presser foot.
A
1. Use the handle (B) to pull the needle
threader all the way down. The metal
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2. Place the thread from the back over the
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KRRN'
3. Let the needle threader gently swing
back. The hook pulls the thread through
the needle eye and forms a loop behind
the needle. Pull the thread loop out
behind the needle.
B
C
D
4. Raise the presser foot and place the
thread under it.
Note: The needle threader is designed to be used
for size 70-120 needles. You cannot use the
needle threader for size 60 needles or smaller,
wing needles or twin needles.
There are also some optional accessories that
require manual threading of the needle.
When threading the needle manually, make sure
that the needle is threaded from front to back.
15
Threading for Twin Needle
Replace the sewing needle with a twin needle. Make sure that the presser foot is raised and
the needle is in its highest position.
1. Place the thread spool on the spool pin
and fit the appropriately sized spool
cap. Insert the auxiliary spool pin.
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pad. Place the second thread spool on
the spool pin.
2. Pull the threads into the thread guide
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A
B
E
3. T h r e a d d o w n t h r o u g h t h e r i g h t
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4. Bring the threads from the right into
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left threading slot. Place the threads
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one thread into the slot on the left side
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the other thread into the slot on the
right side of the needle thread guide
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become twisted.
D
5. Thread the needles manually from
front to back.
Note: When you are using a twin needle, you
might need to reduce the stitch width to prevent damage of the twin needle, stitch plate
or presser foot. How much you need to reduce
it depends on the width and/or the size of the
twin needle.
Note: The weight and irregular surface of
specialty threads such as metallic increases the
amount of friction on the thread. By reducing the tension, the risk of needle breakage is
prevented.
16
F
H
G
A
B
Bobbin Winding
C
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spool cap tightly against the spool.
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front to the back. Pull the thread clockwise around
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the inside to the outside.
4. Place the bobbin on the bobbin spindle.
5. Push the bobbin spindle to the right to activate the bobbin winding. Press the foot
control to wind the bobbin. Once the bobbin begins to wind, cut the excess thread.
When the bobbin is full, the bobbin winding will slow down and stop automatically.
Push the bobbin spindle to the left. Remove the bobbin and cut the thread.
Inserting the Bobbin
Make sure that the needle is fully raised
and the machine is turned off before inserting or removing the bobbin.
1. Open the bobbin cover by pushing
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1.
2.
B
A
3.
4.
2. Insert the bobbin in the bobbin
case with the thread running in a
counterclockwise direction.
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4. Pull the thread clockwise until it
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C
D
5.
5. Replace the bobbin cover.
17
Presser Foot Pressure
The presser foot pressure has been pre-set to
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not need to adjust the presser foot pressure.
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very light or heavy fabric, adjusting the pressure can improve the result.
For very light fabrics, loosen the pressure by
turning the dial counterclockwise.
Note: If the dial is turned counterclockwise too
much, it could come off. If this happens, simply replace the dial and turn it clockwise until it stays in
place.
For heavy fabric, tighten the pressure by turning the dial clockwise.
Note: If the dial is turned clockwise until it comes
to a stop, it has reached the maximum pressure
available. Do not try to turn the dial any further!
Thread Tension
To set the thread tension, turn the dial on top
of the machine. Depending on the fabric, batting, thread, etc, the tension may need to be
adjusted.
For the best stitch appearance and durability,
make sure the needle thread tension is correctly
adjusted. For general sewing, the threads
evenly meet between the two layers of fabric
$
If the bobbin thread is visible on the top side
of the fabric, the needle thread tension is too
WLJKW%5HGXFHWKHQHHGOHWKUHDGWHQVLRQ
If top thread is visible on the underside of the
fabric, the needle thread tension is too loose
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For decorative stitches and buttonholes, the
top thread should be visible on the underside
of the fabric.
Make a few tests on a scrap piece of the fabric
you are going to sew and check the tension.
18
A
Correct tension
B
Tension too tight
C
Tension too loose
Needles
The sewing machine needle plays an important role
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recommend needles of system 130/705H. The needle
package included with your machine contains needles
RIWKHPRVWIUHTXHQWO\XVHGVL]HV
A
B
C
Universal Needle (A)
Universal needles have a slightly rounded point and
come in a variety of sizes. For general sewing in a variety of fabric types and weights.
Stretch Needle (B)
6WUHWFK QHHGOHV KDYH D VSHFLDO VFDUI WR HOLPLQDWH
VNLSSHGVWLWFKHVZKHQWKHUHLVDÁH[LQWKHIDEULF)RU
NQLWVVZLPZHDUÁHHFHV\QWKHWLFVXHGHVDQGOHDWKHUV
Marked with a yellow band.
Denim Needle (C)
Denim needles have a sharp point to penetrate tightly
ZRYHQIDEULFVZLWKRXWGHÁHFWLQJWKHQHHGOH)RUFDQYDVGHQLPPLFURÀEHUV0DUNHGZLWKDEOXHEDQG
D
Note: Change the needle often. Always use a straight needle
with a sharp point (D).
E
A damaged needle (E) can cause skipped stitches, breakage
or snapping of the thread. A damaged needle can also damage the stitch plate.
Do not use asymmetrical twin needles (F), since they may
damage your sewing machine.
F
Changing the Needle
1. Loosen the needle screw. Use the screw-driver
if necessary.
2. Remove the needle.
3XVKWKHQHZQHHGOHXSZDUGVZLWKWKHÁDWVLGH
away from you until it will go no further.
4. Tighten the needle screw as tight as it will go.
19
Lowering Feed Dogs
You can lower the feed dogs by moving
the switch at the back of the free arm to the
OHIW$0RYHWKHVZLWFKWRWKHULJKWLI\RX
wish to raise the feed dogs.
B
Note: The feed dogs will not raise immediately
when the lever is switched. Turn the handwheel
one full turn or start sewing to re-engage the
feed dogs.
A
Presser Foot Lift
The presser foot is lowered or raised with
WKHSUHVVHUIRRWOLIW%By raising the presser
foot lever as far as it goes the lift height of
the presser foot can be increased. This is
useful for easy removal of the presser foot
or when placing heavy fabrics under the
foot.
Changing the Presser Foot
Remove Presser Foot
Press the presser foot downwards until it
snaps off from the presser foot holder.
Attach Presser Foot
Place the presser foot under the presser foot
KROGHU$Line up the cross pin on the foot
%ZLWKWKHJDSLQWKHSUHVVHUIRRWDQNOH&
Lower the presser foot lifter and the presser
foot will snap into the presser foot holder.
Note: Check that the presser foot is properly
attached by raising the presser foot lift.
20
B
C
A
B
Stitch Selection
5DLVHWKHQHHGOHWRLWVKLJKHVWSRVLWLRQ$
7XUQWKHVWLWFKVHOHFWLRQGLDO%WRVHWWKH
desired stitch. The selected stitch is the one
XQGHUQHDWKWKHVHWWLQJPDUN&
A
The stitches printed in white on the stitch
VHOHFWLRQGLDOKDYHDÀ[HGVWLWFKOHQJWKVHH
EHORZ
C
Use non-stretch stitches when sewing
woven fabrics, leather or vinyl and stretch
VWLWFKHV ZKHQ XVLQJ VWUHWFK IDEULFV VHH
6WLWFK2YHUYLHZWRILQGRXWZKLFKVWLWFKHV
DUHVWUHWFKVWLWFKHV
B
Note: Always raise the needle above the fabric
and presser foot before you turn the stitch selction dial.
Stitch Length
7XUQWKHVWLWFKOHQJWKGLDO$XQWLOWKHGHVLUHG
stitch length corresponds to the setting
PDUN%7KHKLJKHUWKHQXPEHUWKHORQJHU
the stitch. The stitch length can be varied
IURPPPWKHQXPEHUVRQWKHVHOHFWLRQ
wheel correspond to the stitch length in
PP
A
B
When sewing using the stitches printed in
ZKLWHRQWKH6WLWFK6HOHFWLRQZKHHOVHWWKH
VWLWFKOHQJWKGLDOWR6
The
mark shows the adjustment
range when sewing the buttonhole.
21
Stitch Width
7XUQWKHVWLWFKZLGWKGLDO$WRVHWWKHGHsired stitch width.
The higher the number, the wider the
VWLWFK$FHQWHUVWUDLJKWVWLWFKLVVHWWR´µ
stitch width. The stitch width can be varied
IURPPPWKHQXPEHUVRQWKHVHOHFWLRQ
wheel correspond to the stitch width in
PP
A
Note: Before you turn the stitch width dial,
raise the needle to its highest position, otherwise it may bend or break.
Adjustable Needle Position
When a straight stitch is selected, the stitch
width dial can be used to adjust the needle
position from 0-6 mm. This is convenient
when you need to adjust the position of the
stitch for example when topstitching.
Note: Before you turn the stitch width dial,
raise the needle to its highest position, otherwise it may bend or break.
On model 150s/160s the needle position
is adjusted from the center to the left. On
model 130s/140s the needle position is adjusted from the center to the right.
Reverse Sewing
Press the reverse lever down to sew in
reverse.
The machine sews in reverse only as long
as the reverse sewing button is pressed.
22
Model 150s/160s
Model 130s/140s
SEWING
1H[WWRHDFKVWLWFKRUVHZLQJWHFKQLTXHGHscribed, a chart shows the recommended setWLQJVDQGSUHVVHUIRRW6HHH[SODQDWLRQVRIWKH
chart to the right.
Start to Sew – Straight Stitch
6HW\RXUPDFKLQHIRUVWUDLJKWVWLWFKVHHFKDUW
WRWKHULJKW
Raise the presser foot and position the fabric under it, next to a seam allowance guide
line on the needle plate. On the bobbin cover
WKHUHLVDPPJXLGHOLQH
Lower the needle to the point where you want
to start. Lower the presser foot and pull the
threads toward the back. Press the foot control. Gently guide the fabric along the seam
guide letting the machine feed the fabric.
Note: Some sewing is done more easily by changing the needle position, e.g. topstitching a collar
or sewing in a zipper. The needle position is determined by the stitch width dial (0 is center, 6 is
left/right, see page 22).
stitch
A
2-4
0
3-5
0
B
C
D
E
A. Recommended stitch
B. Stitch length in mm
C. Stitch width in mm
D. Thread tension
E. Recommended presser foot
stitch
2-4
0
3-5
0
Set for Straight Stitch
Change Sewing Direction
To change sewing direction, stop the machine
and turn the handwheel toward you to bring
the needle down into the fabric.
Raise the presser foot.
Pivot the fabric around the needle to change
sewing direction as desired. Lower the presser
foot and continue sewing in the new direction.
Finish Sewing
Press the reverse stitch lever and sew several
stitches in reverse at the end of the seam.
Raise the presser foot and remove the fabric,
pulling the threads to the back.
Pull the threads up and into the thread cutter.
The threads are cut the proper length for
starting the next seam.
23
Reinforced Straight Stitch
This stitch is stronger than regular straight
stitch, due to the fact that it is a triple and
elastic stitch. The reinforced straight stitch
can be used for heavy stretch fabrics, for
crotch seams which are subject to considerable strain and for topstitching heavy fabrics.
stitch
6
0
2-5
0
Set for reinforced straight stitch
The stitch is sewn with two stitches forward
and one stitch backward, forming a seam
that does not rip easily.
Carefully guide the fabric while sewing as
the fabric moves back and forth.
Three-Step Zigzag Stitch
Three-step zigzag stitch is used to overcast
raw edges. Make sure the needle pierces
the fabric on the left side and overcasts the
edge on the right side.
The stitch can also be used as an elastic
stitch to allow seams to stretch when sewing knit fabrics.
24
stitch
1
3-5
Set for three-step zigzag stitch
3-6
0
Overlock Stitch
The open overlock stitch sews the seam and
overcast the edge all at one time, perfect
for stretch fabrics. This stitch is more elastic than normal seams, very durable and
TXLFNO\VHZQ
stitch
6
5
3-7
3
5
3-7
3
Set for overlock stitch
Tip: When sewing, guide the fabric edge along
the metal pin of the foot. By doing so, the stitches
form over the pin and prevent the fabric from
puckering.
Note: If using a stitch width other than the
recommended, swing the needle by turning the
hand wheel to make sure the needle doesn’t hit
the metal pin in the foot.
Closed Overlock Stitch
The closed overlock stitch is perfect for
sewing jersey knits. Durable stitch; great for
attaching knit collars and cuffs.
Tip: When sewing, guide the fabric edge along
the metal pin of the foot. By doing so, the stitches
form over the pin and prevent the fabric from
puckering.
stitch
6
Set for closed overlock stitch
Note: If using a stitch width other than the
recommended, swing the needle by turning the
hand wheel to make sure the needle doesn’t hit
the metal pin in the foot.
8VHWKLVVWLWFKWRKHPVWUHWFKIDEULFV$DQG
IRUEHOWORRSV%)ROGDKHPWRWKHZURQJ
side and stitch with closed overlock stitch
from the right side. Trim away excess fabric.
8VHWKLVWHFKQLTXHWRPDNHEHOWORRSVWRR
VHHLOOXVWUDWLRQWRWKHULJKW
A
B
25
Blindhem
The blindhem stitch is used to make invisible
hems on skirts, trousers and home decorating.
stitch
or
1-2
5
3-5
3
1. Finish the edge of the hem.
2. Fold and press the hem allowance to the
wrong side.
Set for blindhem stitch
3. Fold the hem back on itself so approxiPDWHO\ µ FP RI WKH ILQLVKHG HGJH
extends beyond the fold. The wrong side
of your project should now be facing up.
4. Place the fabric under the presser foot so
WKDWWKHIROGUXQVDORQJHGJHJXLGH$
5. When the needle swings into the fold it
should catch a small amount of fabric. If
the stitches are visible on the right side,
DGMXVW WKH HGJH JXLGH $ E\ WXUQLQJ
DGMXVWLQJ VFUHZ % XQWLO WKH VWLWFK WKDW
catches the hem just barely shows.
Elastic Blindhem Stitch
The elastic blindhem stitch is especially suitable for stretchy fabrics, because the zigzag
in the stitch lets the stitch stretch. The hem is
ÀQLVKHGDQGVHZQDWWKHVDPHWLPH7KHUHLV
QRQHHGWRÀQLVKWKHUDZHGJHÀUVWRQPRVW
knits.
A
Blindhem stitch
B
Elastic Blindhem stitch
Right side of fabric
Note: If using a stitch width other than the
recommended, swing the needle by turning the
hand wheel to make sure the needle doesn’t hit the
metal pin in the foot.
26
Sewing on Patches or Appliqués
To cover large holes it is necessary to sew a
new piece of fabric onto the damaged area.
Baste the new piece of fabric onto the damaged area on the right side of the fabric.
6HZRYHUWKHIDEULFHGJHVZLWKWKH]LJ]DJRU
the three-step zigzag stitch.
Trim the damaged area close to the seam
from the wrong side of the fabric.
stitch
1-2
5
3-5
0
3-5
0
Set for three-step zigzag
stitch
2
4-6
Set for zigzag stitch
=LJ]DJWKUHHVWHS]LJ]DJWKHFORVHGRYHUORFN
stitch or the honeycomb stitch can be used to
PDNHDSSOLTXpV
Pin or baste a patch to your fabric/project
and stitch around the edges with any of the
stitches.
Darning with the
Three-Step Zigzag Stitch
A small hole or tear is easily darned with the
three-step zigzag stitch.
Sew patches or appliqués
6HZRYHUWKHGDPDJHGDUHDLQURZVXQWLOLWLV
well covered. Make sure that the rows overlap.
Tip: To make the darning even sturdier, place a
fabric underneath the hole/tear before sewing.
Repairing Tears
On tears, frayed edges or small holes it is
useful to lay a piece of fabric on the wrong
side of the fabric. The underlayed fabric reinforces the damaged area.
Darning with three-step zigzag
Lay a piece of fabric underneath the damaged fabric. It must be a little larger than the
damaged area.
6HZRYHUWKHGDPDJHGDUHDXVLQJWKH]LJ]DJ
or three-step zigzag stitch.
Trim the piece of fabric used as reinforcement.
Repairing tears
27
Sewing on Buttons
stitch
6HZEXWWRQVTXLFNO\ZLWK\RXUVHZLQJPDFKLQH
0
1. Remove the presser foot and lower the
IHHGGRJV$
3-5
3-5
Set for button sewing
2. Mark the fabric where the button is to be
located. Place the fabric and button under
the ankle with the holes in the button
lined up with the swing of the needle.
Bring the needle down into the holes of
the button with the hand wheel to verify
that the correct stitch width is set.
Note: The recommended width of 3mm is set
for most buttons. If you sew a tiny button or
a very large coat button, decrease or increase
the stitch width until the swing of the needle
sews in the holes of the button.
Note: Do not use this technique if the button
is less than 1 cm (3/8”) in diameter.
3. Press the foot control and sew six to eight
VWLWFKHV6HWWKHVWLWFKZLGWKGLDOWRDQG
À[WKHWKUHDGVZLWKDIHZVWLWFKHV.
4. Raise feed dogs when button sewing is
completed.
28
A
²
Standard Buttonhole
(model 150s/160s)
stitch
4-6
The fabric should be interfaced and/or stabilized where buttonholes are to be sewn.
1. Mark the start position and buttonhole
OHQJWKRQWKHIDEULF$
5B
Set for buttonhole
$WWDFKWKH2QH6WHS%XWWRQKROH)RRW%
Push the button holder open by pushing
WKHOHYHUEDFNZDUGV%,QVHUWWKHEXWWRQ
Push the button holder forward until
WKH EXWWRQ LV ORFNHG LQ SODFH & 7KH
button will determine the length of the
buttonhole.
C
B
3. Make sure that the thread is pulled though
the hole in the presser foot and placed
under the foot.
4. Position your garment under the presser
foot so that the marking on the fabric is
aligned with the center of the buttonhole
IRRW'
3-5
D
F
A
/RZHUWKHEXWWRQKROHOHYHU(DOOWKHZD\
down, and push it away from you. The
buttonhole lever should fit between the
EXWWRQKROGHUOHYHU%DQGWKHVWRSSHU)
E
6. Hold the end of the upper thread and
start sewing. The buttonhole is sewn
from the front of the presser foot to the
EDFN DV LOOXVWUDWHG WR WKH ULJKW * 6WRS
sewing when the last buttonhole column
LVÀQLVKHG
7. Once the the buttonhole is finished, raise
the presser foot. Pull the buttonhole lever
towards you and push it all the way up.
G
8. To secure the bartack, thread the end of
the top thread into a needle, pull to the
wrong side and tie the end before cutting
excess thread.
If you want to repeat the buttonhole, do not
push the buttonhole lever up when the butWRQKROHLVÀQLVKHG,QVWHDGVHZDQRWKHUEXWtonhole.
Note: Always sew a test buttonhole on a piece of
scrap fabric.
Carefully cut your buttonhole
open with a seam ripper
29
Standard Buttonhole
stitch
(model 130s/140s)
The fabric should be interfaced and/or stabilized where buttonholes are to be sewn.
Prepare the Buttonhole
Measure diameter and thickness of the butWRQDQGDGGPPµIRUEDUWDFNVWRREtain correct buttonhole length. Mark the start
position and buttonhole length on the fabric
$
3
2
1
6
4
3-5
5A
Set for buttonhole
$WWDFK WKH )RXU6WHS %XWWRQKROH )RRW $
6OLGHWKHIRRWEDFNZDUGVDVIDUDVLWZLOOJR
Note: Before starting to sew any buttonhole, always push the the buttonhole foot fully back. The
red marks are arranged at an interval of 0.5 cm.
They are a guide when determining the length of
the buttonhole.
Place the fabric under the foot, so that the
PDUNLQJ RQ WKH EXWWRQKROH IRRW % DOLJQV
ZLWK VWDUW SRVLWLRQ $ RQ IDEULF /RZHU
the foot, so that the buttonhole center line
marked on the fabric aligns with the center
RIWKHEXWWRQKROHIRRW%
A
B
Sew the Buttonhole
6HOHFWVWLWFK 1 and sew the right side of
WKH EXWWRQKROH WR WKH UHTXLUHG OHQJWK
Cut the top thread after a few stitches.
2. Raise the needle to its highest position.
2
6HOHFWVWLWFK
4
and sew a few bartacks.
3. Raise the needle to its highest position.
1
2
3
6HOHFWVWLWFK and sew the left side of the
buttonhole until it matches the previous
side in length.
4. Raise the needle to its highest position.
2
6HOHFWVWLWFK
4
and sew a few bartacks.
5. To secure the buttonhole, thread the top
thread into a needle, pull to the wrong
side and tie the end before cutting excess
thread.
30
5
3
4
Use seam ripper and cut the buttonhole
open from both ends towards the middle.
The density of the buttonhole is adjusted
´
ZLWKWKH6WLWFK/HQJWK'LDOLQWKH´
DUHD6HWWKHVWLWFKZLGWKWR´µ
Note: Density varies according to the fabric. Always test sew a buttonhole on the fabric you are
using to sew the buttonhole.
Carefully cut your buttonhole
open with a seam ripper.
Tips:
• Slightly reducing upper thread tension will
produce better results.
•
Use an extra stabilizer for fine or stretchy
fabrics.
Corded Buttonhole
(Stretch Fabrics)
A
When sewing buttonholes in stretch fabrics
we recommend cording the buttonhole to
increase the stability and to keep the buttonhole from stretching out.
1. Loop a piece of heavy thread or pearl
cotton over the finger at the back of
WKHIRRW$3XOOWKHWKUHDGWDLOVXQGHU
the foot, toward the front, then secure
DURXQGWKHÀQJHUDWWKHIURQWRIWKHIRRW
%
6WLWFKDEXWWRQKROH7KHVDWLQEXWWRQKROH
columns will stitch over the cord.
3. When the buttonhole is finished, lift
WKHFRUGRIIWKHÀQJHUVDQGSXOORXWWKH
slack.
B
4. Thread the cord ends into a needle, pull
to the wrong side and tie ends before
cutting excess.
31
Sewing Zippers
stitch
7KH=LSSHU)RRWFDQEHDWWDFKHGRQHLWKHU
the right or the left of the needle, making it
easy to sew both sides of the zipper.
To sew the left side of the zipper, attach the
IRRWLQWKHULJKWSUHVVHUIRRWSRVLWLRQ$
To sew the right side of zipper, attach the
IRRWLQWKHOHIWSUHVVHUIRRWSRVLWLRQ%
Center Zipper
6HZWKHWZRIDEULFVULJKWVLGHVWRJHWKHU
DORQJ WKH ·· PP JXLGH OLQH RQ
WKHQHHGOHSODWHVWRSSLQJDWWKHQRWFK
for the zipper placement.
1.5-3
0
3-5
Set for zipper
A
B
Right presser foot
position
Left presser foot
position
2. Baste the remaining seam where the
]LSSHUZLOOEHSODFHGXVHVWUDLJKWVWLWFK
with stitch length 4mm, thread tension
3UHVVWKHVHDPRSHQ3ODFHWKH]LSSHU
right side to the pressed open seam
allowance, placing the zipper stop at the
notch. Pin the zipper on the right side so
LWVWD\VLQSODFH&
6HW WKH PDFKLQH IRU VWUDLJKW VWLWFK VHH
WDEOH DERYH $WWDFK =LSSHU )RRW VR
the needle is on the left side of the foot.
Place fabric under the foot right side up
with the zipper foot on the right side of
the zipper.
4. Begin stitching across the bottom, turn
the fabric and stitch the right side of the
]LSSHUWRWKHWRSVHH'
C
5. To avoid fabric shifting, sew the left
side of the zipper in the same direction.
$WWDFK WKH =LSSHU )RRW VR WKH QHHGOH
is on the right side of the foot. Move the
needle position to the right.
6. Begin stitching across the bottom, turn
the fabric and stitch the left side of the
zipper sewing from the bottom to the
WRSVHH(
4
4
7. Remove the basting stitches.
D
32
E
4
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning the Machine
To keep your sewing machine operating well,
FOHDQLWRIWHQ1ROXEULFDWLRQRLOLQJLVQHHGHG
Wipe the exterior surface of your machine with
a soft cloth to remove any dust or lint built up.
Cleaning the Bobbin Area
C
C
B
A
Note: Raise the needle, lower the feed dogs
and turn off the machine.
Remove the presser foot. Push the bobbin covHUUHOHDVHEXWWRQ$WRWKHULJKWDQGUHPRYH
WKHEREELQFRYHU%DQGWKHEREELQ8VHWKH
VFUHZGULYHU WR UHPRYH WKH WZR VFUHZV & LQ
the stitch plate. Lift up the stitch plate.
Clean the feed dogs and the bobbin area with
the brush found with the accessories.
Cleaning Under the Bobbin Area
Clean the area under the bobbin case after sewing several projects or any time you notice an
accumulation of lint in the bobbin case area.
Remove the bobbin case by lifting it up and to
the right. Clean the area with the brush or with
a dry cloth.
Put the bobbin case back into the hook race so
WKDWWKHWLSÀWVLQWRWKHVWRSSHU'
Note: Do not blow air into the bobbin case area. The
dust and lint will be blown into your machine.
Replacing the Stitch Plate
With the feed dogs lowered, replace the stitch
plate, insert and tighten the two stitch plate
screws.
Replace the bobbin cover. Raise the feed dogs.
D
33
TROUBLESHOOTING
,QWKLVWURXEOHVKRRWLQJJXLGH\RXZLOOÀQGVROXWLRQVWRWKHSUREOHPV\RXPD\KDYHZLWK
your machine. For further information please contact your local authorized PFAFF® dealer.
General Problems
Fabric does not move?
The Seam has Uneven Stitches
Is the thread tension correct?
Make sure that the feed dogs are not lowered.
Check needle thread tension and the
threading.
The needle breaks?
Insert needle correctly, see page 19.
Are you using too thick or slubbed thread?
Attach correct needle for the fabric.
Change the thread.
The machine will not sew?
Is the bobbin thread evenly wound?
Check that all plugs are securely plugged
into the machine and into the wall socket.
Check bobbin winding.
Is a correct needle used?
Push bobbin winder lever to sewing position.
Insert a proper needle correctly, see page 19.
The Machine does not Feed
or Feeds Irregularly
Did you thread the machine properly?
Needle Thread Breaks
Did you insert the needle properly?
Check how the machine is threaded.
Has sewing lint collected between the feed dogs?
Remove the stitch plate and clean the feed
dogs with a brush.
Insert needle correctly, see page 19.
Did you insert a wrong needle?
Use needle system 130/705 H.
Is the needle bent or blunt?
Insert a new needle.
The Machine Skips Stitches
Did you insert the needle properly?
Insert needle correctly, see page 19.
Did you insert a wrong needle?
Use needle system 130/705 H.
Did you thread the machine properly?
Check how the machine is threaded.
Is the correct presser foot used?
Attach correct presser foot.
Is the needle too small for the thread?
Make sure the needle is correct for the
thread and fabric.
Did you thread the machine properly?
Check how the machine is threaded.
Is the needle too small for the thread?
Change the needle to the proper size for the
thread.
Are you using poor thread with slubs or thread
which has become dry?
&KDQJHWRDQHZKLJKHUTXDOLW\WKUHDGSXUchased from an authorized PFAFF® dealer.
Is a correct spool cap used?
Attach a spool cap of the right size for the
actual thread spool.
Is the stitch plate hole damaged?
Change the stitch plate.
34
Bobbin Thread Breaks
Did you insert the bobbin properly?
Check the bobbin thread.
Is the stitch plate hole damaged?
Change the stitch plate.
Is the bobbin area clean?
Clean lint from bobbin area.
Is the bobbin wound correctly?
Wind a new bobbin.
:HUHVHUYHWKHULJKWWRFKDQJHWKHPDFKLQHHTXLSPHQWDQGWKHDVVRUWPHQWRI
DFFHVVRULHVZLWKRXWSULRUQRWLFHRUPDNHPRGLÀFDWLRQVWRWKHSHUIRUPDQFHRU
design.
6XFKPRGLÀFDWLRQVKRZHYHUZLOODOZD\VEHWRWKHEHQHÀWRIWKHXVHUDQGWKH
product.
Intellectual Property
3)$))DQG60$57(5%<3)$))DUHWUDGHPDUNVRI
.6,1/X[HPERXUJ,,6DUO
Please note that on disposal, this product must be safely recycled
in accordance with relevant National legislation relating to electrical/electronic products. Do not dispose of electrical appliances
as unsorted muncipal waste, use separate collection facilities.
Contact your local government for information regarding the
collection systems available. When replacing old appliances with
new ones, the retailer may be legally obligated to take back your
old appliance for disposal free of charge.
,IHOHFWULFDODSSOLDQFHVDUHGLVSRVHGRILQODQGÀOOVRUGXPSVKD]ardous substances can leak into the groundwater and get into the
food chain, damaging your health and well-being.
CE - Authorised Representative
960*URXS$%693:RUOGZLGH
'URWWQLQJJDWDQ6(+XVNYDUQD6:('(1
35
www.pfaff.com
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