Power Blower - Leaf Blowers Direct

Power Blower
Operator's Manual
MODEL
PB-460LN
WARNING
DANGER
Read rules for safe operation and all instructions carefully. ECHO provides this
Operator's Manual which must be read and understood for proper and safe operation.
X7531120500
X753001980
11/05
2
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the ECHO family. This ECHO product was designed and manufactured to provide long life and on-the-job
dependability. Read and understand this manual. You will find it easy to use and full of helpful operating tips and
SAFETY messages.
THE OPERATOR'S MANUAL
Read and understand this manual before operation. Keep it in a safe
place for future reference. It contains specifications and information for
operation, starting, stopping, maintenance, storage and assembly
specific to this product.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction ............................................................... 2
- The Operator's Manual ....................................... 2
Safety ......................................................................... 3
- Manual Safety Symbols and Important
Information ......................................................... 3
- International Symbols ......................................... 3
- Personal Condition and Safety Equipment ......... 3
- Equipment ........................................................... 6
Emission Control ........................................................ 6
Description ................................................................ 7
Contents .................................................................... 8
Assembly ................................................................... 9
- Install Blower Pipes / Stick Handle ..................... 9
Operation ................................................................. 10
- Fuel ................................................................... 10
- Starting Cold Engine ......................................... 11
- Starting Warm Engine ....................................... 12
- Stopping Engine ............................................... 12
- Operating Blower .............................................. 13
Maintenance ............................................................ 14
- Skill Levels ........................................................ 14
- Maintenance Intervals ...................................... 14
- Air filter ............................................................. 15
- Fuel Filter .......................................................... 15
- Spark Plug ......................................................... 16
- Cooling System ................................................. 16
- Exhaust System ................................................. 17
- Carburetor Adjustment ..................................... 18
Troubleshooting ...................................................... 20
Storage ..................................................................... 21
Specifications ........................................................... 22
Servicing Information ............................................... 24
- Parts .................................................................. 24
- Service .............................................................. 24
- Customer Assistance ........................................ 24
- Warranty Card .................................................. 24
- Additional or Replacement Manuals ................ 24
- Manual Ordering Instructions .......................... 24
Specifications, descriptions and illustrative material in this
literature are as accurate as known at the time of publication, but are subject to change without notice. Illustrations
may include optional equipment and accessories, and may
not include all standard equipment.
CopyRight© 2005 By Echo, Incorporated
All Rights Reserved.
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
SAFETY
MANUAL SAFETY SYMBOLS AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Throughout this manual and on the product itself, you will find safety
alerts and helpful, informational messages preceded by symbols or key
words. The following is an explanation of those symbols and key
words and what they mean to you.
This symbol accompanied by the words WARNING
and DANGER calls attention to an act or condition
that can lead to serious personal injury to operator and
bystanders.
The circle with the slash symbol means whatever is
shown within the circle is prohibited.
IM
PO
RT
AN
T
TE
NO
IMPORTANT
The enclosed message provides
information necessary for the
protection of the unit.
NOTE
This enclosed message provides tips
for use, care and maintenance of the
unit.
INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Read and understand
Operator's Manual.
Fuel and oil mixture
Wear eyes, ears and
head protection
Finger Severing
Hot
Surface
Safety/Alert
DO NOT allow
flames or sparks
near fuel.
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Emergency stop
Carburetor adjustment
- Low speed mixture
Wear hand
protection. Use
two handed.
Wear slip
resistant foot
wear.
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Ignition
ON/OFF
Primer bulb
Carburetor adjustment
- Idle speed
Carburetor adjustment
- High speed mixture
Choke Control
"Cold Start"
Position
(Choke Closed)
Choke Control
"Run"
Position
(Choke Open)
DO NOT smoke
near fuel.
PERSONAL CONDITION AND SAFETY EQUIPMENT
WARNING
DANGER
Power Blower users risk injury to themselves and others if the power blower is used improperly or safety precautions
are not followed. Proper clothing and safety gear must be worn when operating a blower.
3
4
Physical Condition
Your judgment and physical dexterity may not be good:
• if you are tired or sick,
• if you are taking medication,
• if you have taken alcohol or drugs.
Operate unit only if you are physically and mentally well.
Eye Protection
Wear eye protection that meets ANSI Z87.1 or CE requirements whenever you operate the unit.
Hand Protection
Wear no-slip, heavy-duty work gloves to improve your grip on the blower handle. Gloves also reduce the transmission
of machine vibration to your hands.
Breathing Protection
Wear a facemask to protect against dust.
Hearing Protection
ECHO recommends wearing hearing protection whenever unit is used.
Proper Clothing
Wear snug fitting, durable clothing;
• Pants should have long legs, shirts with long sleeves.
• DO NOT WEAR SHORTS,
• DO NOT WEAR TIES, SCARVES, and JEWELRY.
Wear sturdy work shoes with nonskid soles:
• DO NOT WEAR OPEN TOED SHOES,
• DO NOT OPERATE UNIT BAREFOOTED.
Keep long hair away from engine and blower intake. Retain hair with cap or net.
Hot Humid Weather
Heavy protective clothing can increase operator fatigue, which may lead to heat stroke. Schedule heavy work for early
morning or late afternoon hours when temperatures are cooler.
Vibration and Cold
It is believed that a condition called Raynaud’s Phenomenon, which affects the fingers of certain individuals, may be
brought about by exposure to vibration and cold. Exposure to vibration and cold may cause tingling and burning
sensations, followed by loss of color and numbness in the fingers. The following precautions are strongly recommended, because the minimum exposure, which might trigger the ailment, is unknown.
• Keep your body warm, especially the head, neck, feet, ankles,
hands, and wrists.
• Maintain good blood circulation by performing vigorous arm
exercises during frequent work breaks, and also by not smoking.
• Limit the hours of operation. Try to fill each day with jobs where
operating the unit or other hand-held power equipment is not
required.
• If you experience discomfort, redness, and swelling of the fingers
followed by whitening and loss of feeling, consult your physician before further exposing yourself to cold and vibration.
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
Repetitive Stress Injuries
It is believed that overusing the muscles and tendons of the fingers, hands, arms, and shoulders may cause soreness,
swelling, numbness, weakness, and extreme pain in those areas. Certain repetitive hand activities may put you at a high
risk for developing a Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI). An extreme RSI condition is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS), which
could occur when your wrist swells and squeezes a vital nerve that runs through the area.
Some believe that prolonged exposure to vibration may contribute to CTS. CTS can cause severe pain for months or
even years.
To reduce the risk of RSI/CTS, do the following:
• Avoid using your wrist in a bent, extended, or twisted position.
Instead try to maintain a straight wrist position. Also, when
grasping, use your whole hand, not just the thumb and index
finger.
• Take periodic breaks to minimize repetition and rest your hands.
• Reduce the speed and force with which you do the repetitive
movement.
• Do exercises to strengthen the hand and arm muscles.
• Immediately stop using all power equipment and consult a
doctor if you feel tingling, numbness, or pain in the fingers,
hands, wrists, or arms. The sooner RSI/CTS is diagnosed, the
more likely permanent nerve and muscle damage can be prevented.
WARNING
DANGER
Do not operate this product indoors or in inadequately ventilated
areas. Engine exhaust contains poisonous emissions and can
cause serious injury or death.
Read the Manuals
• Provide all users of this equipment with the Operator’s Manual
and Safety Manual for instructions on Safe Operation.
Clear the Work Area
• Spectators and fellow workers must be warned, and children and
animals prevented from coming nearer than 15 m (50 ft.) while the
unit is in use.
• Take wind conditions into account: avoid open doors and
windows.
• Do not point blower at people or animals.
Keep a Firm Grip
• Hold the front and rear handles with both hands, with thumbs
and fingers encircling the handles.
Keep a Solid Stance
• Maintain footing and balance at all times. Do not stand on
slippery, uneven or unstable surfaces. Do not work in odd
positions or on ladders. Do not over reach.
Avoid Hot Surfaces
• Keep exhaust area clear of flammable debris. Avoid contact
during and immediately after operation.
5
6
EQUIPMENT CHECK
WARNING
DANGER
Use only ECHO approved attachments. Serious injury may result from the use of a non-approved attachment
combination. ECHO, INC. will not be responsible for the failure of cutting devices, attachments or accessories which
have not been tested and approved by ECHO. Read and comply with all safety instructions listed in this manual and
safety manual.
• Check unit for loose/missing nuts, bolts and screws. Tighten
and/or replace as needed.
• Inspect fuel lines, tank and area around carburetor for fuel leaks. DO NOT operate unit if leaks are found.
• Do not use blower if any part is missing or damaged.
• Have repairs done only by an authorized ECHO Service dealer.
• Do not use any attachment, accessory or replacement part unless it is recommended in this Operator's Manual.
EMISSION CONTROL
EPA Phase 2
The emission control system for this engine is EM/TWC (Engine Modification and Catalyst).
IMPORTANT ENGINE INFORMATION
ENGINE FAMILY: 5EHXS.0444KA DISPLACEMENT: 44.0CC
EMISSION COMPLIANCE PERIOD : 300 HRS.
EMISSION COMPLIANCE PERIOD: 300 Hours
THIS ENGINE MEETS U.S. EPA PH2 AND 2005 - 2006
CALIFORNIA EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR SOREs.
REFER TO OWNER'S MANUAL FOR MAINTENANCE
SPECIFICATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS.
An Emission Control Label is located on the unit. (This is an EXAMPLE ONLY, information on label varies by engine
FAMILY).
PRODUCT EMISSION DURABILITY
The 300 hour emission durability compliance period is the time span selected by the manufacturer certifying the
engine emissions output meets applicable emissions regulations, provided that approved maintenance procedures are
followed as listed in the Maintenance Section of this manual.
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
7
DESCRIPTION
8
7
4
14
6
13
Locate these safety decals on your unit. Make sure the decals are
legible and that you understand and follow the instructions on them.
If a decal cannot be read, a new one can be ordered from your ECHO
dealer. See PARTS ORDERING instructions for specific information.
5
Hot Decal (near muffler)
General Warning Decal (located on top of blower)
P/N 89016006361
Spark Plug Cover Label
P/N 89016009461
65
dB(A)
Sound Label (located on blower housing)
Category I
Measured at 50 ft. (15m) per ANSI B175.2
P/N X508000120
P/N 89061721260
8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
AIR CLEANER - Contains replaceable air filter element.
SPARK PLUG - Provides spark to ignite fuel mixture. Spark plug is located under the cover on LN models.
SPARK ARRESTOR - CATALYTIC MUFFLER / MUFFLER - The muffler or catalytic muffler controls exhaust
noise and emission. The spark arrestor screen prevents hot, glowing particles of carbon from leaving the muffler.
Keep exhaust area clear of flammable debris.
RECOIL STARTER HANDLE - Pull recoil handle slowly until starter engages, then quickly and firmly. When
engine starts, return handle slowly. DO NOT let handle snap back or damage to unit will occur.
PURGE BULB - Pumping purge bulb before starting engine draws fresh fuel from the fuel tank, purging air from the
carburetor. Pump purge bulb until fuel is visible and flows freely in the clear fuel tank return line. Pump purge bulb
an additional 4 or 5 times.
CHOKE - Move lever up to Cold Start (
) starting position and for emergency stopping. Move lever down to
Run position (
).
FUEL TANK CAP - Covers and seals fuel tank.
BLOWER PIPES - Twist lock design.
THROTTLE POSITION LEVER/STOP SWITCH - Combination stop switch and variable speed throttle lever.
When the lever is moved all the way forward the blower is at Wide Open Throttle (W.O.T.). When the lever is
moved rearward to detent, the blower is at idle. When the lever is moved rearward past the idle detent the blower will
stop.
SAFETY DECAL - Lists important safety precautions.
THROTTLE HANDLE - Rotates downward for throttle control access. Spring loaded for flexible operation.
SHOULDER HARNESS - Supports unit on operator's back. Pull down on loose ends of straps to position unit for
comfortable operation. Loosen straps to remove the unit.
FLEXIBLE PIPE - Allows for full range of movement.
STICK HANDLE - Provides comfortable grip for directing air flow.
CONTENTS
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__ 2
__ 1
__ 1
-
Power Head
Flex Pipe
Pipe with Swivel
Straight Pipe
Curved Pipe
Operator's Manual
Warranty Registration Card
ECHO Emissions and Warranty Statement
Clamps w/screws
Stick Handle Assembly
Echo Power Blend TM 2-stroke oil sample
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
9
ASSEMBLY
WARNING
DANGER
Never perform maintenance or assembly procedures with engine
running or serious personal injury may result.
INSTALL BLOWER PIPES
/ STICK HANDLE
1.
Assemble clamps (A) onto both ends of flexible pipe (B).
2.
Assemble swivel pipe (C) into flexible pipe (B) and tighten clamp
(A).
3.
Assemble flexible pipe (B) to elbow (D) on blower and tighten
clamp (A).
NOTE
A light lubricant may be used to ease assembly of flexible pipe to
blower elbow.
4.
Loosen wing nut (E) completely and open stick handle clamp.
5.
Align notches (F) in handle clamp with tabs (G).
A
A
B
B
C
D
G
6.
Slide stick handle onto swivel pipe (C). Stick handle should be
angled away from operator.
7.
Position stick handle (H) for comfortable operation, and tighten
wing nut (E).
H
F
E
G
8.
Assemble straight pipe (I) to swivel pipe (C), turning straight pipe
clockwise to lock in place.
C
I
9.
Assemble curved pipe (J) to straight pipe (I) turning curved pipe
(J) clockwise to lock in place.
J
10
OPERATION
FUEL
Fuel Requirements
Gasoline - Use 89 Octane [R+M/2] (mid grade or higher) gasoline
known to be good quality. Gasoline may contain up to 15% MTBE
(methyl tertiary-butyl ether). Gasohol containing methyl (wood)
alcohol is NOT approved.
Two Stroke Oil - A two-stroke engine oil meeting ISO-L-EGD (ISO/CD
13738) and J.A.S.O. FC Standards must be used. Echo brand premium
Power Blend TM Universal 2-Stroke Oil meets these standards. Engine
problems due to inadequate lubrication caused by failure to use an
ISO-L-EGD and J.A.S.O. FC certified oil, such as Echo premium Power
Blend TM, will void the two-stroke engine warranty. (Emission related
parts only are covered for two years, regardless of two-stroke oil used,
per the statement listed in the Emission Defect Warranty Explanation.)
IMPORTANT
Echo premium Power Blend TM Universal 2-Stroke Oil may be mixed
at 50:1 ratio for application in all Echo engines sold in the past
regardless of ratio specified in those manuals.
Handling Fuel
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing or
handling or serious personal injury may result.
• Use an approved fuel container.
• DO NOT smoke near fuel.
• DO NOT allow flames or sparks near fuel.
• Fuel tanks/cans may be under pressure. Always loosen fuel caps
slowly allowing pressure to equalize.
• NEVER refuel a unit when the engine is HOT or RUNNING!
• DO NOT fill fuel tanks indoors. ALWAYS fill fuel tanks outdoors
over bare ground.
• DO NOT overfill fuel tank. Wipe up spills immediately.
• Securely tighten fuel tank cap and close fuel container after
refueling.
• Inspect for fuel leakage. If fuel leakage is found, do not start or
operate unit until leakage is repaired.
• Move at least 3m (10 ft.) from refueling location before starting
the engine.
Fuel to Oil Mix - 50: 1 Ratio
U.S.
METRIC
GAS
OIL
GAS
OIL
Gallons
Fl. oz.
Liter
cc.
1
2
5
2.6
5.2
13
4
8
20
80
160
400
IMPORTANT
Spilled fuel is a leading cause of
hydrocarbon emissions. Some states
may require the use of automatic fuel
shut-off containers to reduce fuel
spillage.
After use
• DO NOT store a unit with fuel in its
tank. Leaks can occur. Return unused
fuel to an approved fuel storage
container.
Storage - Fuel storage laws vary by locality.
Contact your local government for the laws
affecting your area. As a precaution, store
fuel in an approved, airtight container. Store
in a well-ventilated, unoccupied building,
away from sparks and flames.
IMPORTANT
Stored fuel ages. Do not mix more fuel
than you expect to use in thirty (30)
days, ninety (90) days when a fuel
stabilizer is added.
Mixing Instructions
1.
2.
3.
4.
Fill an approved fuel container with half of the required amount of
gasoline.
Add the proper amount of 2-stroke oil to gasoline.
Close container and shake to mix oil with gasoline.
Add remaining gasoline, close fuel container, and remix.
IMPORTANT
Stored two-stroke fuel may separate.
ALWAYS shake fuel container
thoroughly before each use.
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
STARTING COLD ENGINE
• Recoil starter: Use short pulls - only 1/2-2/3 of rope length for
starting. Do not allow the rope to snap back in. Always hold the
unit firmly.
• Rotate throttle handle downward to a comfortable operating
position.
1.
2.
Throttle Lever
Move throttle lever (A) to IDLE DETENT position.
Choke
Move choke (B) up to Cold Start position (
3.
A
).
Purge Bulb
Pump purge bulb (C) until fuel is visible and flows freely in the
clear fuel tank return line. Pump bulb an additional 4 or 5 times.
B
C
4.
Recoil Starter
Pull recoil starter handle (D) until engine fires (5 pulls).
5.
Choke
Move choke (B) down to run position (
restart engine.
), and if necessary,
NOTE
If engine does not start after 5 pulls, repeat instructions 2 - 5.
NOTE
Allow engine to warm up before use.
D
11
12
STARTING WARM ENGINE
A
1.
Throttle Lever
Move throttle lever (A) to IDLE DETENT position.
2.
Purge Bulb
Pump purge bulb (C) until fuel is visible and flows freely in the
clear fuel tank return line. Pump bulb an additional 4 or 5 times.
C
3.
Recoil Starter
Pull recoil starter handle (D) and engine should start. Do not use
choke (B).
NOTE
If engine does not start after 5 pulls, use cold start procedures.
D
STOPPING ENGINE
1.
Throttle Lever
Move throttle lever (A) to idle detent position and allow engine to
return to idle before shutting off engine.
2.
Move throttle lever (A) to "O" (Stop) position.
A
WARNING
DANGER
If engine does not stop when stop switch is moved to STOP
position, close choke - COLD START position - to stall engine.
Have your ECHO dealer repair stop switch before using blower
again.
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
OPERATING BLOWER
WARNING
DANGER
Always wear safety glasses, hearing protection, a face filter mask
and take all safety precautions or serious personal injury may
result.
Do not point the blower pipe in the direction of people or pets.
Read the Safety Section carefully.
IMPORTANT
To avoid engine damage due to over-revving, do not block
blower pipe opening.
1.
Use only during appropriate hours.
2.
Make sure all blower pipes are installed.
3.
Allow the engine to warm up at a fast idle for a few minutes.
4.
Set engine speed with throttle (A).
5.
Use lower speed to blow dry grass and leaves from walks, patios
and drives.
6.
Additional speed may be necessary to clean leaves from a lawn or
flower bed.
7.
Higher speed may be necessary to move gravel, dirt, snow, bottles
or cans from a driveway, street, parking lot or stadium.
NOTE
Never use a higher speed setting than necessary to perform a task.
Remember, the higher the engine speed, the louder the blower noise.
Minimize dust by using blower at lower speeds and by dampening
material with water/mist when necessary. Keep debris on your
property.
Be Smart - be a good neighbor.
A
13
14
MAINTENANCE
Your ECHO blower is designed to provide many hours of trouble free service. Regular scheduled maintenance will help
your blower achieve that goal. If you are unsure or are not equipped with the necessary tools, you may want to take your
unit to an ECHO Service Dealer for maintenance. To help you decide whether you want to DO-IT-YOURSELF or have the
ECHO Dealer do it, each maintenance task has been graded. If task is not listed, see your ECHO Dealer for repairs.
SKILL LEVELS
Level 1 =
Level 2 =
Level 3 =
Easy to do. Most required tools come with unit.
Moderate difficulty. Some specialized tools may be required.
Experience required. Specialized tools are required. Echo recommends
the unit be returned to your Echo Dealer for servicing.
ECHO offers REPOWERTM Maintenance Kits and Parts to make your maintenance job easier. Just below each task
heading are listed the various part numbers required for that task. See your ECHO dealer for these parts.
MAINTENANCE INTERVALS
COMPONENT/
SYSTEM
MAINTENANCE
PROCEDURE
REQ'D
SKILL
LE V E L
DAILY
OR
BEFORE
U SE
EVERY
R E FU E L
3
MONTHS
OR 90
HOURS
6
MONTHS
OR 270
HOURS
YEARLY
Recommended Echo Dealer Maintenance Procedures
Cylinder Exhaust Port
Inspect/Clean/Decarbon
3
I/C
Do-It-Yourself Maintenance Procedures
Air Filter
Inspect/Clean/Replace
1
I/C
Choke
Inspect/Clean
2
I/C
Fuel Filter
Inspect/Replace
1
Fuel System, Leaks
Inspect/Replace
1
I
Cooling System
Inspect/Clean
2
I/C
Muffler Spark Arrestor
Inspect/Replace
2
Recoil Starter Rope
Inspect/Clean
1
Spark Plug
Inspect/Clean
2
Screws/Nuts/Bolts
Inspect/Tighten/Replace
1
R*
R*
I
I / R*
I / R*
I/C
I / R*
I/C
R*
I / R*
MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE LETTER CODES: I = INSPECT, R = REPLACE, C = CLEAN
IMPORTANT NOTE - Time intervals shown are maximum. Actual use and your experience will determine the frequency of required
maintenance.
MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE NOTES:
* All recommendations to replace are based on the finding of damage or wear during inspection.
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
WARNING
DANGER
Allow the engine and muffler to completely cool before performing
any maintenance activity.
AIR FILTER
Level 1.
Tools required:
25mm-50mm (1 - 2 in.) cleaning brush.
Parts required:
Tune Up Kit P/N 90071
NOTE
Clean daily.
1.
Close choke, remove air cleaner cover, air filter, and silencer.
2.
Clean and inspect air filter for damage. If element is fuel soaked
and very dirty, replace.
3.
If element can be cleaned and reused, be certain it:
•still fits the cavity in the air cleaner cover.
•is installed with the original side out.
4.
Wash silencer in suitable solvent such as dish washing solution.
5.
Dry silencer before reinstalling.
FUEL FILTER
Level 1.
Tools required:
200 - 250mm (8 - 10in.) length of wire with one end
bent into a hook, clean rag, funnel, and an approved
fuel container.
Parts required:
Tune Up Kit P/N 90071
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing or
handling.
1.
Use a clean rag to remove loose dirt from around fuel cap and
empty fuel tank.
2.
Use the “fuel line hook” to pull the fuel line and filter from the
tank.
3.
Remove the filter from the line and install the new filter.
15
16
SPARK PLUG
Level 2.
Tools required:
3/4 in. Spark Plug deep socket, Feeler gauge
Parts Required:
Tune Up Kit P/N 90071
IMPORTANT
Use only NGK BPM-8Y spark plug (BPMR-8Y in Canada)
otherwise severe engine damage may occur.
1.
Remove spark plug cover and spark plug, check for fouling, worn
and rounded center electrode.
2.
Clean the plug or replace with a new one. DO NOT sand blast to
clean. Remaining sand will damage engine.
3.
Adjust spark plug gap by bending outer electrode.
4.
Tighten spark plug to 150-170 kg/cm (130-150 in. lb.).
5.
Install spark plug cover.
0.65 mm
(0.026 in.)
IMPORTANT
Always reinstall spark plug cover, otherwise engine cooling will
be greatly reduced, and engine failure will result.
COOLING SYSTEMS CLEANING
Level 2.
Tools required:
25 - 50mm (1 - 2 in.) cleaning brush, cross head
screwdriver
Parts Required:
None, if you are careful.
IMPORTANT
To maintain proper engine operating temperatures, cooling air
mustpass freely through the cylinder fin area. This flow of air
carriescombustion heat away from the engine.
Overheating and engine seizure can occur when:
• Air intakes are blocked, preventing cooling air from reaching the
cylinder.
• Dust and grass build up on the outside of the cylinder. This buildup insulates the engine and prevents the heat from leaving.
Removal of cooling passage blockages or cleaning of cooling fins is
considered “Normal Maintenance.” Any failure attributed to lack of
maintenance is not warranted.
Cleaning Grill
1.
Remove accumulated debris from intake grill between backpack
frame and blower housing.
INTAKE
GRILL
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
Cleaning Cylinder Fins
1.
Remove spark plug cover and spark plug.
2.
Remove engine cover (five screws), pull cover away from engine,
and tie temporary knot in starter rope. Clean cylinder fins to allow
cooling air to pass freely.
IMPORTANT
Always reinstall spark plug cover, otherwise engine cooling will
be greatly reduced, and engine failure will result.
EXHAUST SYSTEM
Spark Arrestor Screen
Level 2.
Tools required:
Cross head screwdriver, Soft metal brush
Parts Required: Spark arrestor screen, Gaskets (3)
IMPORTANT
Carbon deposits in muffler will cause a drop in engine output and
overheating. Spark arrestor screen must be checked periodically.
1.
Remove spark plug and engine cover (five screws).
IMPORTANT
Exact placement of exhaust gaskets on muffler is critical. Carefully
note orientation of each gasket when removing and installing.
2.
Remove spark arrestor cover (A), gaskets (B), (C), (D), and spark
arrestor screen (E) from muffler.
NOTE
When cleaning carbon deposits, be careful not to damage the
catalytic element inside muffler.
3.
Clean carbon deposits from muffler components.
NOTE
The exhaust gasket outlets should be partially restricted. The
gaskets will be properly assembled when all six (6) small round holes
are in alignment.
4.
Replace screen if it is cracked, plugged, or has holes burned
through.
5.
Assemble components in reverse order.
E
A
D
C
B
17
18
Cylinder Exhaust Port
Level 3.
IMPORTANT
The cylinder exhaust port must be inspected and cleaned of
excess carbon every 3 months or 90 hours of operation in order
to maintain this engine within the emissions durability period.
ECHO strongly recommends that you return your unit to your
ECHO dealer for this important maintenance service.
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT
Engine Break-In
New engines must be operated a minimum duration of two tanks of fuel
break-in before carburetor adjustments can be made. During the break-in
period your engine performance will increase and exhaust emissions will
stabilize. Idle speed can be adjusted as required.
High Altitude Adjustment
High altitude adjustment may be required for proper operation of this
engine.
IMPORTANT
For engine operation above 2,000 feet, turn the high-speed needle
lean (CW) until the engine runs between 6,200 and 7,200 RPM. Then
turn the low-speed needle lean (CW) until the engine does not
hesitate on acceleration.
For engine operation below 2,000 feet, turn the high-speed needle
rich (CCW) until the engine runs between 6,200 and 7,200 RPM.
Then turn the low-speed needle rich (CCW) until the engine does
not hesitate on acceleration.
DO NOT REMOVE LIMITER CAPS!
Level 2.
Tools required:
Screwdriver, tachometer (Echo P/N 99051130017)
Parts required:
None.
NOTE
Do not adjust carburetor unless necessary. If you have difficulty,
see your ECHO dealer.
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
19
Adjustment Screws
Idle Speed (A)
Low (LO) Speed (B)
High (HI) Speed (C)
Control throttle opening at idle.
Controls amount of fuel at low speed and
supplementary fuel for smooth progression from
idle to high speed.
Controls amount of fuel at full throttle
Before Adjustment
Check that:
• Air filter is clean and properly installed.
• Spark arrestor screen and exhaust port are free of carbon
• Blower pipes are installed
A
Initial Adjustment
1.
With engine off, turn HI speed screw (C) counterclockwise to
stop.
2.
Turn LO speed screw (B) midway between stops.
3.
Turn idle screw (A) until tip of screw just touches throttle plate;
then turn three (3) turns clockwise.
Final Adjustment
IMPORTANT
Limiter caps prevent exceeding emission limits and over rich
adjustment, but not over lean adjustment, which can cause
engine failure: Do not exceed recommended HI speed engine
R.P.M. during operation, or for long periods during adjustment.
1.
Start engine, run at idle for one minute.
2.
Complete warm up by running at full throttle for 5 minutes,
operating choke twice to clear air from carburetor chambers.
3.
Run at idle and accelerate to check for smooth transition from idle
to high speed; if engine hesitates, turn LO speed screw (B)
counterclockwise 1/8th of a turn at a time until acceleration is
smooth.
4.
Use a tachometer to adjust idle speed to specifications found on
page 22.
C
B
20
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
Problem
C h eck
Status
Fuel at carburetor
No fuel at carburetor
Engine runs,
but dies or
does not
accelerate
properly
Engine does
not crank
Engine runs,
blower
doesn't work
or i s
weak/uneven
Remedy
Fuel strainer clogged
Fuel line clogged
Carburetor
Clean or replace
Clean or replace
See your Echo dealer
Carburetor
See your Echo dealer
Fuel Mixture too rich
Open choke
Clean/replace air filter
Adjust carburetor
See your Echo dealer
No spark
Stop switch off
Electrical problem
Interlock switch
Turn switch to ON
See your Echo dealer
See your Echo dealer
Spark at plug
No spark
Spark gap incorrect
Covered with carbon
Fouled with fuel
Plug defective
Adjust to .65mm (0.026 in.)
Clean or replace
Clean or replace
Replace plug
Air filter
Air filter dirty
Normal wear
Clean or replace
Fuel filter
Fuel filter dirty
Contaminants/residues in
fuel
Replace
Fuel vent
Fuel vent plugged
Contaminants/residues in
fuel
Clean or replace
Spark Plug
Plug dirty/worn
Normal wear
Clean and adjust or replace
Carburetor
Improper adjustment
Vibration
Adjust
Cooling System
Cooling system
dirty/plugged
Extended operation in
dirty/dusty locations
Clean
Spark Arrestor
Screen
Spark arrestor
screen plugged
Normal wear
Replace
N/A
N/A
Internal engine problem
See your Echo dealer
Build-up of debris
Unclog
Vibration
Tighten
Wear/Misuse
Replace
No fuel at cylinder
Engine
cranks starts hard/
doesn't
start
C au se
Fuel at cylinder
Spark at end
of plug wire
Muffler wet with fuel
Pipe clogged
Blower pipe
Pipe loose
Pipe damaged
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel vapors are extremely flammable and may cause fire and/or explosion. Never test for ignition spark by grounding
spark plug near cylinder plug hole, otherwise serious personal injury may result.
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
21
STORAGE
WARNING
DANGER
During operation the muffler or catalytic muffler and surrounding cover become hot. Always keep exhaust area clear
of flammable debris during transportation or when storing, otherwise serious property damage or personal injury
may result.
Long Term Storage (Over 30 Days)
Do not store your unit for a prolonged period of time (30 days or longer) without performing protective storage maintenance which includes the following:
1.
Store unit in a dry, dust free place, out of the reach of children.
WARNING
DANGER
Do not store in enclosure where fuel fumes may accumulate or reach an open flame or spark.
2.
Place the stop switch in the "STOP" position.
3.
Remove accumulation of grease, oil, dirt and debris
from exterior of unit.
4.
Perform all periodic lubrication and services that are
required.
7.
Remove the spark plug and pour 7cc (1/4 oz.) of
fresh, clean ECHO 2-stroke engine oil into the
cylinder through the spark plug hole.
A. Place a clean cloth over the spark plug hole.
5.
Tighten all screws and nuts.
6.
Drain the fuel tank completely and pull the recoil
starter handle several times to remove fuel from the
carburetor.
B. Pull the recoil starter handle 2-3 times to
distribute the oil inside the engine.
C. Observe the piston location through the spark
plug hole. Pull the recoil handle slowly until the
piston reaches the top of its travel and leave it
there.
8.
Install the spark plug (do not connect ignition
cable).
9.
Remove blower pipe assembly from unit.
IMPORTANT
Always reinstall spark plug cover, otherwise
engine cooling will be greatly reduced, and engine
failure will result.
22
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL ----------------------------------------------------- PB-460LN
Length ------------------------------------------------------- 325 mm (12.8 in.)
Width -------------------------------------------------------- 520 mm (20.5 in.)
Height ------------------------------------------------------- 435 mm (17.1 in.)
Weight (dry) ------------------------------------------------ 12.0 kg (26.4 lb.)
Engine Type ------------------------------------------------ Air cooled, two-stroke, single cylinder gasoline engine
Displacement ----------------------------------------------- 44.0 cc (2.69 cu. in.)
Bore ---------------------------------------------------------- 40.0 mm (1.57 in.)
Stroke -------------------------------------------------------- 35.0 mm (1.378 in.)
Carburetor -------------------------------------------------- Zama Diaphragm model w/purge bulb
Ignition System -------------------------------------------- Flywheel Magneto, capacitor discharge ignition type
Spark Plug -------------------------------------------------- NGK BPM-8Y Gap 0.65 mm (0.026 in.)
Exhaust System -------------------------------------------- Spark Arrestor Muffler w/ Catalyst
Fuel ---------------------------------------------------------- Mixed (Gasoline and Two-stroke Oil)
Fuel/Oil Ratio ----------------------------------------------- 50:1 two-stroke air cooled engine oil
Gasoline ----------------------------------------------------- 89 Octane unleaded. DO NOT use fuel containing methyl alcohol,
more than 10% ethyl alcohol or 15% MTBE.
Oil ------------------------------------------------------------ Power Blend TM Premium Universal 2-Stroke Oil
Fuel Tank Capacity ---------------------------------------- 1.9 lit. (64.3 US fl. oz.)
Recoil Starter System -------------------------------------- Automatic Recoil Starter Centrifugal Type
Idle Speed --------------------------------------------------- 2,350- 2,850 (RPM)
Wide Open Throttle Speed ------------------------------- 6,200 - 6,600 (RPM)
Maximum Air Speed (Measured at pipe end) ---------- 281.6 KM/H (175 mph)
Average Air Volume (Measured at pipe end) ---------- 10.8 m3/min. (380 cu. ft./min.)
Sound Level at 50 ft. dB(A) scale per ANSI B175.2 ---- 65 dB(A)
POWER BLOWER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
NOTES
23
SERVICING INFORMATION
PARTS
Genuine ECHO Parts and ECHO REPOWER™ Parts and Assemblies for
your ECHO products are available only from an Authorized ECHO
Dealer. When you do need to buy parts always have the Model
Number and Serial Number of the unit with you. You can find these
numbers on the engine housing. For future reference, write them in the
space provided below.
Model No. _____________ SN. ____________
SERVICE
DEALER?
Call
1-800-432-ECHO
or
www.echo-usa.com
Service of this product during the warranty period must be performed
by an Authorized ECHO Service Dealer. For the name and address of
the Authorized ECHO Service Dealer nearest you, ask your retailer or
call: 1-800-432-ECHO (3246). Dealer information is also available on our
Web Site. When presenting your unit for Warranty service/repairs,
proof of purchase is required.
ECHO CONSUMER PRODUCT SUPPORT
If you require assistance or have questions concerning the application,
operation or maintenance of this product you may call the ECHO
Consumer Product Support Department at 1-800-673-1558 from 8:30 am
to 4:30 pm (Central Standard Time) Monday through Friday. Before
calling, please know the model and serial number of your unit to help
your Consumer Product Support Representative.
CONSUMER PRODUCT
SUPPORT
1-800-673-1558
8:30 - 4:30 Mon - Fri C.S.T.
WARRANTY REGISTRATION
You may register your Echo equipment using the warranty registration
card or register on-line at www.echo-usa.com. Registering provides a
direct link between you and ECHO if we find it necessary to contact
you.
ADDITIONAL OR REPLACEMENT MANUALS
Safety Manuals in English/Spanish or English/French are available, free of charge, from your ECHO dealer or at
www.echo-usa.com.
Operator's and Parts Manuals are available by:
• Downloading free from www.echo-usa.com
• Purchasing from your Echo Dealer.
• Manuals are available by sending a written request stating the model number and serial number of your Echo unit,
part number of the manual, your name and address, and mail to the address below.
Safety Videos are available from your Echo dealer. A $5.00 shipping charge will be required for each video.
ECHO, INCORPORATED
400 Oakwood Road
Lake Zurich, IL 60047
www.echo-usa.com
09001001 - 09999999
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