Wireless Access Using a Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater to

Wireless Access
Using a Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater
to Increase Range
Summary
This application note describes how to use a WRI-OTD-12VDC & PIM-TD2 to implement a Schlage
Wireless Access RF repeater to increase the RF range when the required RF distance to be spanned is
greater than 200’ indoors or 1000’ line-of-sight.
This application note is intended to be used in conjunction with the PIM Installation Manual (M053-001xxx), the WRI Installation Manual (M053-003-xxx), and the Schlage Wireless Access System
Configuration and Operating Manual (M053-007-xxx). All Schlage Wireless Access documentation is
available on-line: www.ir-swa.com
Acronyms
Description
ACP
Access Control Panel
AP
Access Point
CM
Cache Memory
CDT
Configuration Demonstration Tool
PIM
Wireless Panel Interface Module
WA5200
Wireless Cylindrical Integrated Lockset, a WAPM
WA5600
Wireless Mortise Integrated Lockset, a WAPM
WA993
Wireless Exit Trim Kit, a WAPM
WAPM
Wireless Access Point Module
WPR
Wireless Portable Reader, a WAPM
WRI
Wireless Reader Interface, a WAPM
WSM
Wireless Status Monitor, a WAPM
NOTES:
1. While this application note describes specific examples that use a WRI at the access point
to control a gate, RF Repeaters can be used to extend the RF range and control any
Schlage Wireless Access Point Module: WA5200, WA5600, WA993, WPR, WR!, or WSM.
2. This application noted mentions RF Channel number only as an example. Actual RF
channels used should be based on application and environment requirements and
conditions.
3. With the exception of Figure 5, the figures used in this application notes are block
diagrams intended to show a top level view. They do not show the orientation of how the
actual Wireless Access products are to be mounted. Refer to the specific Wireless Access
products’ installation manuals for mounting instructions.
4. This application notes does not address using any Wireless Remote Antennae. Wireless
Remote Antennae can also be used with Wireless Access Repeaters to improve and
increase RF coverage.
P/N: M664-004-B
Using a Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater to Increase Range
Introduction: A standard PIM & WRI configuration is shown in Figure 1. This configuration allows for the
Panel PIM and Access Point WRI to be up to 200’ apart inside a building and up to 1000‘ apart line-ofsight.
Figure 1 – Standard PIM/WRI Block Diagram
A RF Repeater is a device that receives information on one RF channel and retransmits it on another RF
channel.
Each RF Repeater can increase the RF range by up to 200’ indoors or up to 1000’ line-of-sight. Multiple
RF Repeaters can be used in series to increase the RF range even further.
A Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater can be constructed by wiring a WRI-OTD-12VDC and PIM-TD2
together (Figure 2). Local power will have to be supplied to operate the RF Repeater (12 VDC at 600
mA). The use of multiple RF Repeaters in series and proper management of RF channel usage will allow
the RF range to be increased indefinitely.
Figure 2 – RF Repeater Block Diagram
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Using a Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater to Increase Range
Example 1: Suppose you want to control a gate from an access control panel inside the building and that
the gate is 1,000 feet from the building. In this case, you can either mount the PIM outside or use a
remote antenna. Each of these solutions requires the making of a hole from inside the building to
outside. By mounting a RF Repeater on top of the building it can talk directly to the gate at 1,000 feet and
also talk to the panel PIM located inside the building within 200 ft of the RF Repeater (Figure 3). The only
rule is that each PIM (panel and repeaters) be operating on a different RF frequency. In this case, the RF
Repeater PIM could be on channel 8 and linked to the Access Point WRI at the gate and Panel PIM could
be on channel 9 and linked the Repeater WRI.
NOTE: Each PIM/WRI RF channel must be linked separately!
Figure 3 – Using One RF Repeater (Example 1)
Example 2: Suppose, like in example 1, you want to control a gate but the distance between the gate and
building is 5000 feet. Accomplish this by adding on to example 1:
♦ Add four (4) more RF Repeaters
♦ Keep each RF Repeater in line-of sight of the PIM and WRI that it must communicate with
♦ Local power must be provided at each RF Repeater location
Now this gate can be operated from a distance of 5,000 feet from the building (Figure 4)!!
Let’s review the RF channel management; The Panel PIM is on channel 9, Repeater PIM #1 is on
channel 8, Repeater PIM #2 is on channel 7, Repeater PIM #3 is on channel 6, Repeater PIM #4 is on
channel 5, Repeater PIM #5 is on channel 4. Repeater PIM #5 is linked to the Access Point WRI at the
gate. We used 6 channels to cover 5,000 feet plus the distance from the panel PIM to the first repeater.
Note: While in theory there is not a limit on the number of RF repeater that can be used,
practically each RF Repeater can add up to 250 mS delay before the WRI at the gate receives an
access grant to open the gate. This overall time delay must be taken into account when
configuring all the WRI’s used in a repeater configuration (i.e. adjusting the setting of the WRIs’
First, Delay, and Retry configuration items). This example of using 5 repeaters could add up to
1.25 seconds delay.
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245 W. Roosevelt Road, Bldg 7, Suite 48, West Chicago, IL 60185 / (800) 313-2962 / (630) 293-4257 fax
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Using a Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater to Increase Range
NOTE: Each PIM/WRI RF channel must be linked separately!
Figure 4 Using 5 RF Repeaters (Example 2)
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245 W. Roosevelt Road, Bldg 7, Suite 48, West Chicago, IL 60185 / (800) 313-2962 / (630) 293-4257 fax
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Using a Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater to Increase Range
Example 3: The first two examples were for outdoor applications but the same techniques can be used to
extend coverage indoors. Simply follow the process indicated above but use a distance up to 200 feet
(depending on the type of construction).
Installing and Wiring the Schlage Wireless Access Repeater: Use the PIM-TD2 and WRI-100
Installation Manuals to mount the Repeater PIM and the Repeater WRI in their desired and RF optimal
locations. Use Table 1 to wire DC power to the Repeater WRI and to make the required wiring
connections between the Repeater WRI and Repeater PIM. Use wire that meets or exceeds the
specifications detailed in the PIM and WRI Installation Manuals.
NOTE: Do not use the wiring instructions in the PIM & WRI Installation manuals.
DC
Connections
WRI-OTD-12VDC
Connections
+12 VDC
J3: 12VDC+
Ground
J3: GND
PIM-TD2
Connections
J2: TAMPER_NC
TROUBLE
J4: DATA/D0
DATA/D0
J4: CLK/D1
CLK/D1
J4: 12VDC+
J1: + (12V)
J4: GND
J1: -
J7: R_EXIT
EXIT REQ
J7: DPS
DOOR STAT
J8: AUX_C
STK-COM
J8: AUX_NO
STK-NO
Table 1 – Repeater PIM & Repeater WRI Wiring Chart
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245 W. Roosevelt Road, Bldg 7, Suite 48, West Chicago, IL 60185 / (800) 313-2962 / (630) 293-4257 fax
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Using a Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater to Increase Range
Figure 5 – Repeater PIM & Repeater WRI Wiring Diagram
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Using a Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater to Increase Range
Special Considerations:
WRI Configuration: The Repeater WRI should be configured with the default settings as shown in Table
2 using the Configuration and Demonstration Tool (CDT) available at www.ir-swa.com. Referring to Table
2, the Heartbeat, First, Delay, and Retry items may need to be adjusted based on the number of
repeaters in the RF transmission path. This is discussed in the following sections.
Configurable Items
Repeater WRI Settings
Heartbeat time
10 minutes
Re-latch time
3 seconds
Re-latch after
timer
Card conversion
none
Mode
normal
Latch Type
motor 1
First
200 milliseconds
Delay
200 milliseconds
Retry
5
Extended Unlock
checked (enabled)
Rxt Sift
unchecked (disabled)
Rxt
checked (enabled)
on RTE
lo (RTE active)
on Door Open
hi (door open)
on Trouble
lo (trouble exists)
Fail Safe
Disable
Cache Mode – Data Bits
0 (Cache Mode disabled)
Cache Mode – No Purge
checked
Cache Mode – FC Mode
unchecked
Table 2 – Repeater WRI Configuration Settings
Heartbeat Time: Typically there is no need to be concerned about “Heartbeat.” However, if you want
something to happen quickly upon a command from the panel, the heartbeat may have to be adjusted to
a few seconds. This is not a problem as each “Repeater” has local power.
First, Delay, & Retry: Each RF Repeater used increases the response time from card swipe to unlock by
about 100 milliseconds. Depending on the number of RF Repeaters being used, the First, Delay, and
Retry configurable items for each Repeater WRI and the Access Point WRI may have to be adjusted to
make certain that the WRI’s are waiting long enough for a response from the Access Panel.
If an access point is not unlocking or occasionally does not unlock even when the Access Panel has
granted access, try increasing the Retry value of the WRI’s. The WRI’s closest (in RF path) to the Access
Point will experience the greatest delay and therefore they would be the WRI’s to adjust first.
Linking: Each PIM/WRI pair must be linked individually (i.e. Panel PIM to Repeater WRI, each Repeater
PIM to Repeater WRI, and Repeater PIM to Access Point WRI). The order that they are linked is not
important as long as they all get linked. Make certain that the PIM RF Channel Address DIP switch is
properly set before linking. Use the linking procedure detailed in the WRI section of the Schlage Wireless
Access Configuration and Operating Manual.
When linking a PIM, make certain that the Door wired to the Access Control Panel or Repeater WRI is the
Door that is being linked. In other words, if PIM Door A is wired to the Access Control Panel or Repeater
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Using a Schlage Wireless Access RF Repeater to Increase Range
WRI then link PIM Door A. If PIM Door B is wired to the Access Control Panel or Repeater WRI then link
PIM Door B,.
Trouble Reporting: When using a RF Repeater, the Panel PIM LEDs and each Repeater PIM LEDs will
indicate the trouble for the Access Point WRI or Repeater WRI to which it is linked. So if a trouble is
reported to the Access Control Panel, each PIM (Panel or Repeater) may have to be inspected to
determine the actual source of the trouble.
Access Points: This application note describes only one access point being used per RF Repeater that
uses the configuration shown in Figure 2. Each PIM has the capability to control up to two doors. While it
is possible to link either another Repeater WRI or any other Schlage Wireless Access Point Module to a
PIM, that configuration and application is outside the scope of this application note.
Schlage
Ingersoll Rand Security Technologies
245 W. Roosevelt Road, Building 7, Suite 48
West Chicago, IL 60185
main: 800-313-2962 (630-876-5680)
technical support: 630-876-5698
fax: 630-293-4257
web: ir-swa.com
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Ingersoll Rand believes the information in this document to be accurate and reliable. Ingersoll Rand does not
guarantee results from the use of this information. Ingersoll Rand assumes no responsibility, obligation, or liability for
the information presented in this document.
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245 W. Roosevelt Road, Bldg 7, Suite 48, West Chicago, IL 60185 / (800) 313-2962 / (630) 293-4257 fax
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