Garmin GNX 130 User Manual - Rowlands Marine Electronics

GNX™ 120/130
Owner’s Manual
March 2016
190-01846-00_0B
All rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Garmin. Garmin reserves the
right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content of this manual without obligation to notify any person or organization of such
changes or improvements. Go to www.garmin.com for current updates and supplemental information concerning the use of this product.
Garmin , the Garmin logo, and Nexus are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries, registered in the USA and other countries. GNX™ and GND™ are
trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
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NMEA , NMEA 2000 , and the NMEA 2000 logo are registered trademarks of the National Marine Electronics Association.
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Table of Contents
Introduction.....................................................................1
Device Overview ......................................................................... 1
Unlocking the Controls ........................................................... 1
Profiles............................................................................ 1
Selecting a Profile ....................................................................... 1
Restoring Profiles to their Default Settings ................................. 1
Instrument Pages ........................................................... 1
Cycling Through Instrument Pages ............................................ 1
Using Auto Scroll ................................................................... 1
Adding an Instrument Page ........................................................ 1
Removing an Instrument Page ................................................... 1
Changing the Layout of Instrument Pages ................................. 1
Configuring the Data Fields ........................................................ 2
Filtering the Data .................................................................... 2
Adjusting the Data Update Rate ............................................ 2
Configuring Graph Data Fields .............................................. 2
Configuring Gauge Data Fields .............................................. 2
Using the Race Timer ................................................................. 2
Device Configuration..................................................... 2
System Settings .......................................................................... 2
Selecting the Heading Type ................................................... 2
Configuring the Beeper .......................................................... 3
Configuring the Position Format ............................................ 3
Display Settings .......................................................................... 3
Configuring Data Sources ........................................................... 3
Resolving a Combined Network ................................................. 3
Keypad Operation.......................................................... 3
Setting up an Instrument for Use with the Keypad ..................... 3
Setting up the Keypad Display Order ......................................... 3
Setting up Keypad Presets ......................................................... 4
Disabling Keypad Control on an Instrument ............................... 4
Appendix......................................................................... 4
Registering Your Device ............................................................. 4
NMEA 2000 Data Type Information ............................................ 4
NMEA 0183 Data Type Information ............................................ 4
Abbreviation Glossary ................................................................. 4
Data Type Information ................................................................ 5
Index................................................................................ 7
Table of Contents
i
Introduction
WARNING
See the Important Safety and Product Information guide in the
product box for product warnings and other important
information.
Device Overview
NOTE: Certain functions are available only when the
appropriate sensors are connected to the device.
The marine instrument allows you to view data sources from
sensors through a NMEA 2000 network.
Although the instrument cannot directly receive NMEA 0183
data, it can display NMEA 0183 data from sources connected to
a GNX 20 or GNX 21 device (sold separately) on the same
NMEA 2000 network.
The instrument can also receive data from Nexus instruments
and sensors using a GND™ 10 device (sold separately).
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information, bearing to waypoint, distance to the next
waypoint, true wind angle, and depth.
SAIL RACE: This profile displays instruments useful when
racing in a sailboat. Available default instruments include
GPS speed information, true wind speed, true wind angle,
heading, bearing to waypoint, and distance to the next
waypoint.
CUSTOM: This profile allows you to customize the page to
display instruments useful to your specific boating needs.
The default page displays speed over ground information.
Selecting a Profile
> SETUP > PROFILES.
1 Select
2 Select a profile.
Restoring Profiles to their Default Settings
You can restore profiles to their factory default settings.
> SETUP > PROFILES > RESET DEFAULTS.
1 Select
2 Select CURRENT PROFILE or ALL PROFILES.
Instrument Pages
Cycling Through Instrument Pages
From any instrument page, select
or
.
Using Auto Scroll
Select to return to the previous menu or to the instrument
page.
Select to view the menu for an instrument page.
or
Select to scroll through instrument pages and menus.
Select to view the display settings.
Select twice to view the backlight settings.
Hold to view the power-off settings.
Unlocking the Controls
After one minute, the controls on the device lock automatically.
This feature reduces accidental button pushes caused by water
splashes or droplets. When locked, the icon appears when
you select a key on the device.
NOTE: You can select SETUP > TOUCH KEY LOCK to disable
the device lock feature.
Hold both
and
at the same time.
The icon disappears when the controls are unlocked.
Profiles
Profiles are collections of instrument pages that can be
customized. Profiles can be made up of instrument pages that
display similar data, such as GPS speed information and GPS
course information.
During the initial setup, you can select a preset profile, or you
can create a custom profile. You can select a different profile at
any time.
POWERBOAT: This profile displays instruments useful when in
a powerboat. Available default instruments include GPS
speed information, GPS course information, depth, bearing to
waypoint, distance to the next waypoint, and water
temperature.
SAIL CRUISE: This profile displays instruments useful when
cruising in a sailboat. Available default instruments include
true wind speed, GPS speed information, GPS course
Introduction
You can use auto scroll to automatically cycle through all of the
instrument pages.
> SETUP > AUTO SCROLL.
1 Select
2 Select an option:
• Select AUTO SCROLL to turn auto scroll on or off.
• Select AUTO SCROLL INTERVAL to adjust how long
each instrument page is shown.
Adding an Instrument Page
You can create a custom page. You can add up to three
instruments from instrument collections to display on a custom
page.
> ADD/REMOVE PAGE > ADD PAGE.
1 Select
2 Select ONE FUNCTION, TWO FUNCTION, or THREE
FUNCTION.
3 Select an instrument page collection.
4 Select a number.
5 If necessary, select an empty function.
or
to scroll through the instrument pages.
6 Select
7 Select an instrument page to add.
Removing an Instrument Page
1 Select the instrument page to remove.
> ADD/REMOVE PAGE > REMOVE PAGE.
2 Select
3 Select YES.
Changing the Layout of Instrument Pages
NOTE: You can change the layout of an instrument page to
display up to three fields of data from connected instruments.
>
1 From the instrument page you need to change, select
EDIT CURRENT PAGE > CHANGE LAYOUT.
2 Select the number of fields to show on the instrument page.
3 Select the field to change.
4 Select a category.
5 Select the data to show in the field.
1
6 Repeat steps 3 through 5 for each additional field you need
to change.
7 Select DONE.
Configuring the Data Fields
Data provided on an instrument page can be shown in various
ways depending upon the instrument page that is displayed.
> CONFIGURE DATA FIELDS.
1 Select
2 Select a data field.
3 Select a configuration option.
4 Adjust the configuration.
Filtering the Data
Certain data types can be filtered to control how quickly the
marine instrument responds to changes in the data (Data Type
Information, page 5).
>
1 When viewing data you need to filter, select
CONFIGURE DATA FIELDS.
2 Select a data field.
3 Select FILTER SETTING.
4 Adjust the filter setting.
• Setting the filter to "0" turns off filtering.
• The higher the filter setting, the more gradually the
instrument displays changes in the data it receives.
For example, when you increase the filter setting for wind
speed data, the instrument is less responsive to
momentary gusts of wind and displays a more constant
wind speed.
Adjusting the Data Update Rate
You can adjust the rate at which the marine instrument shows
updated data.
1 When viewing the instrument screen with data you need to
adjust, select
> CONFIGURE DATA FIELDS.
2 Select a data field.
3 Select UPDATE RATE.
4 Select an update rate.
Examples of update-rate speeds are shown next to each
selection.
Configuring Graph Data Fields
Some single-function instrument pages display graph data (Data
Type Information, page 5). You can configure how data is
shown on the graphs.
>
1 From an instrument page with a graph, select
CONFIGURE DATA FIELDS > GRAPH SETTINGS.
NOTE: The GRAPH SETTINGS menu item does not appear
on instrument pages that do not contain a graph.
2 Select an option:
• To determine how long the graph data displays, select
GRAPH DURATION.
• To configure the scale of values displayed in the graph,
select GRAPH SCALE.
Configuring Gauge Data Fields
Some data types can be shown as a gauge when they appear
as the last function on a two-function instrument page (Data
Type Information, page 5). You can configure how data is
shown on the gauge.
>
1 From an instrument page with a graph, select
CONFIGURE DATA FIELDS > GAUGE SETTINGS.
NOTE: The GAUGE SETTINGS menu item does not appear
on instrument pages that do not contain a gauge.
2 Select a value to adjust the limits of the gauge.
2
Using the Race Timer
To view the race timer on a page, you must add it as a data field
from the SAILING category.
You can use the race timer to count down to a race, and then
measure the duration of the race. The race timer is
synchronized with other GNX instruments and compatible
Garmin chartplotters on the same NMEA 2000 network.
TIP: To quickly open the race timer screen, you can hold
from a main page. This shortcut works from any page, whether
or not the race timer has been added to the page.
>
1 From a page with the race timer as a data field, select
CONFIGURE DATA FIELDS > RACE TIMER SETTINGS.
2 Select an option:
• When the device is in prerace mode and the timer is not
running, select START to start the prerace timer, select
RESET to reset the prerace timer, or select SETUP to
adjust the initial prerace timer value.
• When the prerace timer is running (counting down), select
or
to advance the timer to the next minute up or the
next minute down, or select STOP to stop the prerace
timer.
• When the race timer is running (counting up), select STOP
to stop the race timer, or select
to reset the timer back
to 0:00.
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Device Configuration
System Settings
Select
> SETUP > SYSTEM.
UNITS: Sets the units of measure.
HEADING: Sets the reference and the variance used in
calculating heading information.
BEEPER: Sets when audible sounds are used.
GPS POSITION: Sets the position format and the map datum.
The map datum is dependent on the position format.
AUTO POWER: Enables the device to turn on automatically
when the NMEA network turns on.
LANGUAGE: Sets the on-screen language.
TIME: Sets the time format, time zone, and daylight saving time
for your location.
SYSTEM INFORMATION: Displays software information.
FACTORY DEFAULT: Resets the device settings to factory
default values.
Selecting the Heading Type
> SETUP > SYSTEM > HEADING.
1 Select
2 Select NORTH REFERENCE.
3 Select an option:
• To automatically set the magnetic declination for your
GPS position, select MAGNETIC.
• To set true north as the heading reference, select TRUE.
• To set grid north as the heading reference (000°), select
GRID.
Adjusting the Heading Variance
By default, the heading variance is set automatically. You can
adjust this value manually.
> SETUP > SYSTEM > HEADING > VARIANCE >
1 Select
USER VARIANCE.
2 Adjust the variance.
to save the variance adjustment.
3 Select
Device Configuration
Configuring the Beeper
You can configure the beeper to sound when the keys are
pressed.
Select
> SETUP > SYSTEM > BEEPER.
Configuring the Position Format
NOTE: Do not change the position format or the map datum
unless you are using a map or chart that specifies a different
position format.
> SETUP > SYSTEM > GPS POSITION.
1 Select
2 Select an option:
• To change the position format in which a reading appears,
select POSITION FORMAT.
• To change the coordinate system on which the map is
structured, select MAP DATUM.
Display Settings
Select
> SETUP > DISPLAY.
BACKLIGHT: Sets the backlight brightness.
COLOR: Sets the screen color.
NETWORK SHARING: Shares color, backlight, and beeper
settings with devices across the NMEA 2000 network.
Configuring Data Sources
Sensors connected to your instrument provide data, such as
wind or speed information, and can be configured through your
instrument. See the owner's manual for each sensor for more
information.
> SETUP > DATA SOURCES.
1 Select
2 Select a data category.
3 If more than one sensor on the boat provides data from the
category, select a sensor to configure.
4 Select a configuration option, and configure the setting.
Resolving a Combined Network
When the device is turned on, it can detect when it has been
synchronized with instruments on another network. This can
happen if the device has previously been installed on another
vessel and synchronized with instruments on the other vessel's
network. If the settings are not restored to the factory default
values (Restoring Profiles to their Default Settings, page 1), the
device detects a conflict that must be resolved.
> SETUP > COMBINED NETWORKS
1 Select
DETECTED.
2 Select an option:
• To synchronize existing instruments on the network to the
device, select NO.
• To synchronize the device to existing instruments on the
network, select YES.
Keypad Operation
The keypad can control all of the compatible marine instruments
on your NMEA 2000 network. All compatible marine instruments
must be connected to the same NMEA 2000 network, and you
can configure the order in which they are controlled.
NOTE: The keypad is not compatible with all Garmin marine
instruments. For a complete list of compatible instruments, go to
www.garmin.com/GNXkeypad.
Keypad Operation
Button
Function
Select to cycle backlight levels on the marine
instruments and keypads.
Hold to place the marine instruments and keypads into
sleep mode.
À through Ã
Presets. Select to make all displays switch to a
configured preset page.
Select to switch the marine instrument you control using
the keypad.
Select to cycle the pages on the selected marine
instrument.
Setting up an Instrument for Use with the
Keypad
All compatible marine instruments you need to control with the
keypad must be connected to the same NMEA 2000 network as
the keypad.
You should perform this procedure for each compatible
instrument you add to the NMEA 2000 network.
1 On a compatible marine instrument connected to the same
NMEA 2000 network as the keypad, select
> SETUP >
REMOTE KEYPAD SETUP.
NOTE: If COMBINED NETWORKS DETECTED is shown
instead of REMOTE KEYPAD SETUP, the combined network
must be resolved before you can control the instrument with
the keypad (Resolving a Combined Network, page 3).
2 Select YES to enable keypad control on the instrument.
3 Repeat steps 1 through 2 for each additional compatible
instrument you need to control with the keypad.
Setting up the Keypad Display Order
You can configure how the keypad cycles through connected
marine instruments with the
buttons.
On
a
compatible
marine
instrument
connected to the same
1
NMEA 2000 network as the keypad, select
> SETUP >
REMOTE KEYPAD SETUP > SET UP DISPLAY ORDER.
The device scans the network for other connected
instruments.
NOTE: The location of the device in the current display order
is shown to the right of the SET UP DISPLAY ORDER menu
item. For example, if the device is second in a series of four
devices, 2:4 is shown in the menu.
2 Select an option:
• If a correct number of connected instruments is shown,
select CONTINUE.
• If an incorrect number of connected instruments is shown,
check the power and connections of all compatible
instruments, and select RETRY.
3
NOTE: If you are unable to see the correct number of
instruments listed, it may be caused by a combined
network. A combined network must be resolved to control
all connected devices with the keypad (Resolving a
Combined Network, page 3).
3 Select the order of the device, and select OK.
4 Repeat steps 1 through 3 for each connected device.
Setting up Keypad Presets
Each of the four preset buttons on the keypad can be assigned
to an instrument page.
TIP: While viewing an instrument page on a marine instrument
controlled by the keypad, you can quickly assign a preset button
to the instrument page by holding the preset button for three
seconds.
1 On a compatible marine instrument connected to the same
NMEA 2000 network as the keypad, select
> SETUP >
REMOTE KEYPAD SETUP > SET UP PRESETS.
2 Select a preset button.
3 Select the number of the instrument page in the current
display order that you want to assign to the preset button.
4 (Optional) Repeat steps 1 through 3 for each preset button.
5 (Optional) Repeat steps 1 through 4 on each additional
instrument.
Disabling Keypad Control on an Instrument
You can disable keypad control on any compatible marine
instrument.
1 On a compatible marine instrument connected to the same
NMEA 2000 network as the keypad, select
> SETUP >
REMOTE KEYPAD SETUP > IGNORE REMOTE KEYPAD.
2 Select YES.
The marine instrument is not controlled by the keypad.
Appendix
Registering Your Device
Help us better support you by completing our online registration
today.
• Go to http://my.garmin.com.
• Keep the original sales receipt, or a photocopy, in a safe
place.
NMEA 2000 Data Type Information
Each NMEA 2000 certified sensor provides unique information
to the NMEA 2000 certified display device. The data you can
view on your display depends on the sensors you have installed
and configured. See the installation instructions for your Garmin
display device or for the instrument that provides NMEA 2000
PGN data-type information.
NMEA 0183 Data Type Information
Although the instrument cannot directly receive NMEA 0183
data, it can display NMEA 0183 data from sources connected to
a GNX 20 or GNX 21 device (sold separately) on the same
NMEA 2000 network.
Each NMEA 0183 certified sensor provides unique information
to a NMEA 0183 certified display device. The data you can view
on your display depends on the sensors you have installed and
configured. See the installation instructions provided with your
Garmin display device or instrument for NMEA 0183 data-type
information.
4
Abbreviation Glossary
This device uses abbreviations on many screens to indicate the
type of data being shown.
ABS: (ABSOLUTE HUMIDITY) Absolute, relative to another
data field. For example, absolute humidity.
AIR: The air temperature.
ATW: (ARRIVAL TIME NEXT WAYPOINT) Estimated time of
arrival at the next waypoint when navigating.
AVG: (AVERAGE BOAT SPEED) The average amount.
AWA: (APPARENT WIND ANGLE) The wind angle measured
relative to the bow of the vessel.
AWS: (APPARENT WIND SPEED) The measured speed of the
wind.
BAR: (BAROMETER) The calibrated current pressure.
BAT: (BATTERY) The battery voltage.
BSP: (BOAT SPEED) The speed of the boat through the water.
BSP: (BOAT SPEED) The speed of the boat through the water.
BTW: (BEARING TO WAYPOINT) The direction from your
current location to a destination. You must be navigating for
this data to appear.
COG: (COURSE OVER GROUND) The actual direction of
travel, regardless of the course steered and temporary
variations in heading.
DIS: (DISTANCE) The distance traveled while navigating.
DPT: (DEPTH) The depth of the water. Your device must be
connected to a NMEA 0183 or NMEA 2000 device capable of
acquiring the water depth.
DRF: (DRIFT) The speed of the current.
DTL: (DIST. TO START LINE) The distance to the starting line
when in race mode.
DTW: (DISTANCE TO WAYPOINT) The distance to the next
waypoint when navigating.
ECN: (ENGINE FUEL ECONOMY) Modifier for a value such as
fuel economy.
ELV: (ELEVATION) The altitude of your current location above
or below sea level.
ENG: (ENGINE) A modifier for an engine value such as voltage
or RPM.
ERR: () The error of precision for the current position, when
used with GPS.
FLO: (ENGINE FUEL FLOW RATE) Modifier for a value such as
fuel flow rate.
FUEL: Modifier for a fuel value such as fuel economy or fuel
flow rate.
GWD: (GROUND WIND DIRECTION) The direction of the wind
relative to the ground, referenced from the north.
GWS: (GROUND WIND SPEED) The speed of the wind relative
to the ground.
HDG: (HEADING) The direction the boat is pointing.
HUM: (HUMIDITY) The level of humidity.
LINE: When used with VMG, it shows the velocity made good
value to the starting line.
MAX: (MAXIMUM SOG) The maximum in relation to another
data field. For example, maximum speed.
MIN: () The minimum in relation to another data field. For
example, minimum speed.
ODO: (ODOMETER) A running tally of distance traveled for all
trips. This total does not clear when resetting the trip data.
OTH: (OPPOSITE TACK HEADING) The opposite tack direction
of the vessel based on the current tack direction.
POS: (POSITION) The vessel's current position.
Appendix
RACE: The timer for vessel racing.
REL: (RELATIVE HUMIDITY) Absolute, relative to another data
field. For example, absolute humidity.
RPM: (ENGINE RPM) Engine revolutions per minute from the
tachometer.
RUD: (RUDDER ANGLE) The rudder relative to another data
field. For example, rudder angle.
SEA: (SEA TEMP) The temperature of the water. Your device
must be connected to a NMEA 0183 or NMEA 2000 device
capable of acquiring the water temperature.
SOG: (SPEED OVER GROUND) The actual speed of travel,
regardless of the course steered and temporary variations in
heading.
TRP: (TRIP) A modifier for another field, for example, a trip
odometer or trip fuel used.
TTB: (TIME TO BURN) The time needed to make it to the
starting line before a race.
Data Field
Category
ENGINE RPM
ENGINE
ENGINE TEMPERATURE
ENGINE
ENGINE FUEL ECONOMY
ENGINE
ENGINE FUEL FLOW RATE
ENGINE
ENGINE VOLTAGE
ENGINE
COURSE OVER GROUND
GPS
ELEVATION
GPS
GPS ERROR
GPS
GPS POSITION
GPS
SPEED OVER GROUND
GPS
ARRIVAL TIME NEXT
WAYPOINT
NAVIGATION
BEARING TO WAYPOINT
NAVIGATION
CROSS TRACK ERROR
NAVIGATION
DISTANCE TO WAYPOINT
NAVIGATION
HEADING
NAVIGATION
TIME TO WAYPOINT
NAVIGATION
APPARENT WIND ANGLE
SAILING
APPARENT WIND SPEED
SAILING
OPPOSITE TACK HEADING
SAILING
RACE TIMER
SAILING
TRUE WIND ANGLE
SAILING
TRUE WIND DIRECTION
SAILING
TRUE WIND SPEED
SAILING
VMG WAYPOINT
SAILING
VMG WIND
SAILING
DIST. TO START LINE
SAILING
TIME TO BURN
SAILING
TIME TO START LINE
SAILING
Appendix
TTL: (TIME TO START LINE) Estimated time it will take to reach
the starting line.
TWA: (TRUE WIND ANGLE) The angle of the wind relative to
the water, referenced from the bow of the boat with a port or
starboard angle up to 180 degrees.
TWD: (TRUE WIND DIRECTION) The true direction of the wind
relative to north.
TWS: (TRUE WIND SPEED) The true speed of the wind relative
to the vessel.
UTC: The Coordinated Universal Time.
VMG: (VMG WAYPOINT) The speed at which you are closing
on a destination along a route when navigating.
WND: (VMG WIND) The velocity made good value when
navigating upwind.
XTE: A cross track error.
Data Type Information
Available on a Available on a
Single Function Two- or ThreePage?
Function Page?
Graph View
Available?*
Gauge View
Available?**
Data Filtering
Available?
5
Data Field
Category
VMG TO START LINE
SAILING
ENGINE VOLTAGE
SYSTEM
Available on a Available on a
Single Function Two- or ThreePage?
Function Page?
Graph View
Available?*
Gauge View
Available?**
Data Filtering
Available?
SYSTEM
AVERAGE SOG
TRIP
DISTANCE (Since power on)
TRIP
MAXIMUM SOG
TRIP
MAX BOAT SPEED
TRIP
ODOMETER
TRIP
TRIP DISTANCE
TRIP
TRIP FUEL USED
TRIP
RUDDER ANGLE
VESSEL
BOAT SPEED
WATER
DEPTH
WATER
DRIFT
WATER
SET
WATER
WATER TEMPERATURE
WATER,
TEMPERATURE
AIR TEMPERATURE
WEATHER,
TEMPERATURE
BAROMETER
WEATHER
GROUND WIND DIRECTION
WEATHER
GROUND WIND SPEED
WEATHER
RELATIVE HUMIDITY
WEATHER
CUSTOM PC DATA
CUSTOM DATA
* Graph view, if available for a data type, can be viewed only on
single-function pages (Configuring Graph Data Fields, page 2).
** Gauge view, if available for a data type, can be viewed only
on two-function pages, when the data type is the last function on
the page (Configuring Gauge Data Fields, page 2).
6
Appendix
Index
A
automatic scrolling 1
B
beeper 3
D
data 3
data fields 4
device, registration 4
display settings 3
H
heading 2
type 2
I
instruments 1
adding pages 1
configuration 2
removing pages 1
K
keypad 3, 4
L
locking 1
N
NMEA 0183 4
P
pages 1
position format 3
product registration 4
profiles 1
restoring 1
selecting 1
R
race timer 2
registering the device 4
S
settings 2, 3
system information 2
T
timer 2
troubleshooting 3
U
unlocking 1
Index
7
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