Conext™ Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Conext™ Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Conext TX 2800 NA
Conext TX 3300 NA
Conext TX 3800 NA
Conext TX 5000 NA
Owner’s Manual
www.schneider-electric.com
Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Owner’s Manual
www.schneider-electric.com
Copyright and Contact
Trademarks
Schneider Electric, the Schneider Electric logo, Conext, Fast Sweep, Xantrex, and Xanbus are trademarks or
registered trademarks of the Schneider Electric group of companies. Other trademarks, registered trademarks,
and product names are the property of their respective owners and are used herein for identification purposes
only.
Notice of Copyright
Copyright © July 2011 Xantrex Technology Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced
in any form or disclosed to third parties without the express written consent of:
Xantrex Technology Inc.
161–G South Vasco Road
Livermore, California USA 94551
Xantrex Technology Inc. reserves the right to revise this document and to periodically make changes to the
content hereof without obligation or organization of such revisions or changes unless required to do so by prior
arrangement.
Exclusion for Documentation
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, XANTREX TECHNOLOGY INC. (“XANTREX”)
(A) MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY TECHNICAL OR OTHER INFORMATION
PROVIDED IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION;
(B) ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSSES, DAMAGES, COSTS OR EXPENSES, WHETHER SPECIAL, DIRECT,
INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY
SUCH INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S RISK; AND
(C) REMINDS YOU THAT IF THIS MANUAL IS IN ANY LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH, ALTHOUGH STEPS HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO
MAINTAIN THE ACCURACY OF THE TRANSLATION, THE ACCURACY CANNOT BE GUARANTEED. APPROVED XANTREX CONTENT IS
CONTAINED WITH THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE VERSION WHICH IS POSTED AT WWW.SCHNEIDER-ELECTRIC.COM.
Date and Revision
July 2011 Revision A
Part Number
975-0596-01-01
Product Part Numbers
878–2801 Conext TX 2800 NA
878–3301 Conext TX 3300 NA
878–3801 Conext TX 3800 NA
878–5001 Conext TX 5000 NA
Contact Information
www.schneider-electric.com
☎
North America
France
Deutschland
España
L'Italia
1 650 351 8237
1 866 519 1470
+33 (0) 825 012 999
+49 (0) 180 575 3 575
+34 902 101 813
+39 035 4151111
✉
1 925 245 1022
[email protected]
+49 (0) 2102 404 7101
+34 933 055 026
+39 035415 3200
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
For other country details please contact your local Schneider Electric Sales Representative or visit the Schneider Electric Web
site at:
http://www.schneider-electric.com/sites/corporate/en/support/operations/local-operations/local-operations.page
About This Manual
The purpose of this Owner’s Manual is to provide explanations and procedures
for installing, operating, maintaining, and troubleshooting the Schneider Electric
Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter (Conext Inverter).
Scope
The manual provides safety guidelines as well as detailed planning and setup
information. It provides procedures for installing, operating, and troubleshooting
the Conext Inverter. It does not provide details about particular brands of
photovoltaic (PV) panels. Consult individual PV manufacturers for that
information.
Audience
Chapter 1 and Chapter 5 are intended for anyone who needs to operate the
Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter. Operators must be familiar with all the safety
regulations pertaining to operating high-voltage equipment as dictated by local
code. Operators must also have a complete understanding of this equipment’s
features and functions. Do not use this product unless it has been installed by
qualified personnel in accordance with the instructions in Chapter 2,
“Installation”.
Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, and Chapter 6 are intended for qualified
personnel who need to install the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter. Qualified
personnel have training, knowledge, and experience in:
•
Installing electrical equipment and PV power systems (up to 1000 V).
•
Applying all applicable installation codes.
•
Analyzing and reducing the hazards involved in performing electrical work.
•
Selecting and using personal protective equipment.
Installation, commissioning, and maintenance of the Conext Inverter must be
done only by qualified personnel.
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About This Manual
Organization
This manual is organized into six chapters and an appendix.
Chapter 1 contains information about the features and functions of the Conext
Grid Tie Solar Inverter.
Chapter 2 provides instructions for installing the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter. It
contains information on determining a suitable location for installation, PV array
requirements, and procedures for mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter.
Chapter 3 provides information about DC and AC wiring as well as grounding the
Conext Inverter and the PV array.
Chapter 4 provides instructions for starting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter and
performing a functional test.
Chapter 5 contains information about the LCD screens and the LED indicators.
Chapter 6 contains information on general maintenance of the Conext Grid Tie
Solar Inverter. It also provides information about troubleshooting the Conext
Inverter.
Appendix A contains specifications for the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter.
Acronyms
AHJ
CEC
CFRs
CSA
FCC
GT
ISC
Authority Having Jurisdiction
Canadian Electric Code
The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations
Canadian Standards Association
Federal Communications Commission
Grid Tie
Short circuit current rating of an PV panel under STC
LCD
LED
MPPT
NEC
PV
RMS
STC
Liquid Crystal Display
Light Emitting Diode
Maximum Power Point Tracking
US National Electrical Code NFPA–70
Photovoltaic
Root Mean Square
Standard Test Conditions specific to photovoltaic panels
(1000 W/m2, light spectrum AM 1.5 and 25 °C); panel nameplate ratings
are based on STC and can be exceeded under other conditions.
Underwriters Laboratories
Volts AC
Volts DC
Maximum Power Point Voltage
PV Array Open Circuit Voltage
UL
VAC
VDC
VMPP
VOC
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975-0596-01-01 Revision A
About This Manual
Conventions Used
The following conventions are used in this manual.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
can result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous condition which, if not avoided,
can result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION without the exclamation symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation, which, if not avoided, can result in equipment damage.
NOTICE
NOTICE indicates important information that you need to read carefully.
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About This Manual
Symbols Used
Ground
In this manual: Danger, Warning, or Caution.
On the product: Danger, Warning, or Caution with further
explanation in the manual.
On the product: Warning—risk of electric shock.
On the product: Warning—hot surface, risk of burns.
On the product: Danger—hazard of electric shock, explosion,
fire, or arc flash.
Related Information
You can find more information about Schneider Electric as well as its products
and services at www.schneider-electric.com.
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975-0596-01-01 Revision A
Important Safety Instructions
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. This manual contains important safety and
operating instructions that must be followed during the installation, operation,
and maintenance of the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter. Read and keep this
manual for future reference.
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• The Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter has no user serviceable parts inside. It
must be installed and serviced only by qualified personnel equipped with
appropriate personal protective equipment and following safe electrical
work practices.
• The Conext Inverter is energized from two sources: PV array while exposed
to light and AC grid. Before opening doors or covers, consult the system
diagram to identify all sources; de-energize, lock out, and tag out all
sources; and wait at least five minutes for internal capacitors to discharge
to safe voltages.
• Before servicing, test using a meter rated at least 1000 volts AC and DC to
make sure all circuits are de-energized.
• The Conext Inverter is provided with integral PV ground fault protection.
Normally GROUNDED conductors might be UNGROUNDED and
ENERGIZED when a GROUND FAULT is indicated. Disconnect all sources
of power before opening.
• The Conext Inverter employs field adjustable voltage and frequency set
points and time delays that are factory set in compliance with local utility
and safety requirements and can be changed only by trained technicians
with approval by both the local utility and equipment owner.
• Do not use the Conext Inverter in connection with life support systems,
medical equipment, or where human life or medical property could be at
stake.
• Before installing and using the Conext Inverter, read all instructions and
cautionary markings on the Conext Inverter, wiring box, and all appropriate
sections of this manual.
• To reduce shock, fire, and energy hazards, installation must be in
accordance with all applicable local installation codes. It is the installer’s
responsibility to ensure adherence to applicable codes.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
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Safety
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• To avoid a risk of fire and electric shock, make sure that all wiring is in good
condition and that wire is not undersized. Do not operate the Conext
Inverter with damaged, undersized, or substandard wiring.
• The Conext Inverter must be connected to the AC ground from the utility via
the Conext Inverter ground lug.
• A DC grounding electrode conductor might be required by the AHJ. Use
the Conext Inverter ground bar for this connection.
• The “AC–N” connection is for voltage sensing only and is not used as a
current carrying conductor. It is not internally bonded to ground within the
Conext Inverter.
• Do not operate the Conext Inverter if it has received a sharp blow, been
dropped, or otherwise been damaged in any way. If the Conext Inverter is
damaged, see the “Warranty” on page WA–1.
• Use only accessories recommended or sold by the manufacturer.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
HAZARD OF BURNS OR FIRE
• Do not touch the heat sink. Under some conditions the Conext Inverter heat
sink can reach temperatures hot enough to cause skin burns if touched.
Make sure that the Conext Inverter is located away from normal traffic
areas.
• Observe the clearance recommendations as described on page 2–10.
• Do not install the Conext Inverter in a zero-clearance or unventilated
compartment.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
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Safety
Safety and Data Labels
The figure below shows the location of the external safety labels and the data
label with model, serial number, and part number information.
Data Label
Safety Labels
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Safety
Safety Equipment
Authorized service personnel must be equipped with appropriate personal
protective equipment including the following:
•
Safety glasses
•
Ear protection
•
Composite-toed safety boots
•
Safety hard hats
•
Padlocks and tags
•
Double-insulated tools
•
Appropriate meter to verify that the circuits are de-energized
(1000 volts AC and DC rated, minimum)
Check local safety regulations for other requirements.
FCC Information for the User
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and—if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions—could
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception,
which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
•
Connect the equipment to a different circuit from that to which the receiver is
connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
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Contents
Important Safety Instructions- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - vii
Safety and Data Labels - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -ix
Safety Equipment - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - x
FCC Information for the User - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - x
1
Introduction
About the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Standard Features - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Front Panel Features - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Wiring/Disconnect Box - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
2
1–2
1–3
1–4
1–4
Installation
Installation Options - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–2
Planning the Installation - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–2
Installation Codes - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–2
Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter Location - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–2
MPPT Requirements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–4
Mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–5
Dimensions and Knockout Locations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–5
Installing the Mounting Bracket - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–8
Mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter on the Bracket - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–11
3
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Grounding Requirements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–3
AC Grounding - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–3
PV Grounding - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–3
Ground Fault Fuse - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–5
Wiring Requirements- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–5
AC Circuit Breaker Requirements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–6
DC/AC Disconnect Switch - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–6
Combiner Fuses (Optional) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–6
Accessing the Wiring Terminals - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–8
Connecting the DC Wiring - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–11
Connecting the DC Wiring Using the Optional Fuse Holder - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–13
DC Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–15
Connecting the AC Wiring - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–17
DC and AC Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters (Single-Phase System) - - - - - - - 3–18
DC and AC Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters (Three-Phase System) - - - - - - - 3–19
Communications Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–20
Xanbus Network Technology - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–21
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Contents
Guidelines for Routing the Network Cables - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Connecting Network Cable Between Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters - - - - - - - - - Verifying the Xanbus Network - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Communications Wiring for Monitoring a Single Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter - - - - - - - - - - - Fast Sweep™ Shade Tolerant MPPT Algorithm - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
4
3–24
3–25
3–26
3–26
3–28
Starting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Startup Procedure - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Checking the PV Array DC Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Checking the AC Utility Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Replacing the Wiring/Disconnect Box Cover - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Starting the Conext Inverter - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Commissioning Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Disconnect Test - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Locating the Firmware Version Number - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
5
4–2
4–2
4–3
4–3
4–4
4–4
4–6
4–7
Monitoring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Monitoring the Front Panel Display - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5–2
Front Panel Display Screens and What They Mean - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5–3
Startup Mode - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5–3
Normal Operation Mode - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5–5
Offline Mode - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5–7
Fault Mode - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5–8
Special Screens - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5–10
Custom Screens - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5–11
Status Indicator Lights - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5–12
6
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Factors Affecting Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter Performance - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6–2
PV Array Factors - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6–2
Other Factors - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6–3
Performing General Maintenance - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6–4
Replacing Parts - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6–4
Replacing the Ground Fault Protection Fuse - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6–5
Replacing the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6–7
Identifying Error/Fault Conditions and Solutions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6–11
A Specifications
Electrical Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–2
Conext TX 5000 NA - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–2
Conext TX 3800 NA - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–4
Conext TX 3300 NA - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–7
Conext TX 2800 NA - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–9
Adjustable Voltage, Frequency, and Reconnection Settings - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–12
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Contents
Output Power Versus Ambient Temperature - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Environmental Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - User Display - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - User Display Accuracy - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Mechanical Specifications- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Regulatory Approvals - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
A–13
A–13
A–13
A–14
A–14
A–14
Warranty and Return Information- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - WA–1
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1
Introduction
Chapter 1 contains information about the
features and functions of the Conext Grid
Tie Solar Inverter.
Introduction
About the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
The Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter (Conext Inverter) is designed to convert solar
electric (photovoltaic or PV) power into utility-grade electricity that can be used
by the home or sold to the local power company.
Installing the Conext Inverter consists of mounting it to the wall and connecting
the DC input to a PV array and the AC output to the utility. See Figure 1-1 for a
simple diagram of a typical installation.
In order to operate, the Conext Inverter must have grid power available and
connected. It will not provide backup power if the AC grid fails.
Photovoltaic (PV)
Panels - PV Array
Utility
Meter
Utility Grid
Harvested
solar energy
Surplus power routed
to Utility Grid
Power routed
to loads
DC converted
to AC
Main Utility
Service Panel
Conext
GT Inverter
Loads
Figure 1-1 Basic system overview
PV compatibility
The Conext Inverter is designed to take advantage of solar modules configured
as high voltage PV string arrays—single crystalline, poly crystalline, or thin film—
with an input voltage Maximum Power Point range (depending on the model) of
195 to 550 VDC or 240 to 550 VDC. See “Electrical Specifications” beginning on
page A–2 for more information.
Utility grid
compatibility
The Conext Inverter can operate on either 240 V or 208 V nominal grid voltage.
The Conext Inverter senses the phase-to-phase voltage and automatically
changes the power limit value for each grid voltage. The disconnect thresholds
(see “Adjustable Voltage, Frequency, and Reconnection Settings” on page A–12)
remain the same because both nominal voltages have the same 120 VAC phaseto-neutral thresholds.
1–2
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
Standard Features
Maximum Power
Point Tracking
(MPPT)
The Conext Inverter uses proprietary Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)
technology to harvest the maximum amount of energy from the solar array. MPPT
learns your array’s specific characteristics, maximizing its output at all times.
High efficiency
The high-frequency, solid-state design of the Conext Inverter is extremely
efficient. See Appendix A, “Specifications” for the efficiency ratings of each
model.
Expandable
Multiple Conext Inverters can be networked together for increased net metering
capacity or future system growth. All models have adjustable voltage and
frequency disconnect settings and can be aggregated above 30 kW on a single
point-of-common-coupling (PCC). See “Adjustable Voltage, Frequency, and
Reconnection Settings” on page A–12.
Communications
protocol
The Conext Inverter uses the Xanbus™ communications protocol, enabling it to
communicate with multiple Conext Inverters connected within the system. For
more information, see “Xanbus Network Technology” on page 3–21.
Standard Features
The Conext Inverter has the following standard features:
•
Sealed electronics section protecting power electronic components.
•
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) providing easy-to-read system status and daily
cumulative energy production information.
•
Two LED indicator lights providing unit status and ground fault indication.
•
Wiring/disconnect box providing protection for all AC and DC connections
and eliminating exposed “live” wiring if the electronics section of the Conext
Inverter is removed.
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1–3
Introduction
Front Panel Features
Heat sink
LCD
LED indicator lights
Wiring/disconnect box
DC/AC disconnect switch
Mounting slots
Figure 1-2 Main features of the Conext Inverter
Wiring/Disconnect Box
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
In North America and other locations, the wiring/disconnect box is an
electrical code requirement. Regulatory approval is based on the
wiring/disconnect box always being attached to the Conext Inverter during
operation. Any attempt to remove this box will invalidate the approvals and
create an electrical hazard. Make sure the wiring/disconnect box is correctly
installed in all applications.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
1–4
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
Wiring/Disconnect Box
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• The 600 volt DC/AC disconnect in the wiring/disconnect box meets NEC
Article 690 requirements. It is a non-serviceable component and must
remain in place. Separating the electronics section of the Conext Inverter
and wiring/disconnect box or removing the wiring/disconnect box cover
can expose energized conductors. PV input circuits in the wiring box
ahead of the switch remain energized even when the switch is in the OFF
position so hazardous voltage will still be present on the DC input (PV)
terminals under the clear plastic insulation barrier inside the
wiring/disconnect box.
• No user serviceable parts inside.
• To be installed and serviced only by qualified personnel equipped with
appropriate personal protective equipment and following safe electrical
work practices.
• Energized from two sources: PV array when exposed to light and AC grid.
Before opening doors or covers, consult system diagram to identify all
sources; de-energize, lock out, and tag out all sources; and wait at least
five minutes for internal capacitors to discharge to safe voltages.
• Before servicing, test using a meter rated at least 1000 volts AC and DC to
make sure all circuits are de-energized.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
The wiring/disconnect box is standard on all North American models of the
Conext Inverter. The wiring/disconnect box provides a location for making AC,
DC, and ground connections. It also contains the DC/AC (PV array/utility)
disconnect switch. When used in conjunction with the Conext Inverter, the
DC/AC disconnect switch is suitable for disconnecting both AC and DC input
voltages up to 600 V. The switch is lockable and meets the requirements of NEC
Section 690 as a means of disconnect, subject to acceptance by your local AHJ.
The wiring/disconnect box has been designed to be physically mated to the
electronics section of the Conext Inverter at the factory, but it remains in place as
a non-serviceable item in the event that the Conext Inverter electronics section
must be removed. The electronics section of the Conext Inverter and
wiring/disconnect box together form a Type 3R enclosure to allow outdoor
installation.
In jurisdictions where the local utility requires that the AC disconnect be capable
of being locked in the open position by its service personnel, this disconnect
switch can also serve as a lockable isolating device.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
1–5
1–6
2
Installation
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
The Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter must be installed and serviced only by
qualified personnel equipped with appropriate personal protective equipment
and following safe electrical work practice and all applicable code
requirements.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Chapter 2 provides instructions for
installing the Conext Grid Tie Solar
Inverter. It contains information on
determining a suitable location for
installation, PV array requirements, and
procedures for mounting the Conext Grid
Tie Solar Inverter.
The topics in this chapter are organized as
follows:
• “Installation Options” on page 2–2
• “Planning the Installation” on page 2–2
• “Mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar
Inverter” on page 2–5
Installation
Installation Options
The Conext Inverter can be installed as a single inverter for a single PV array of
one to three PV strings. When two or more PV strings are connected, the existing
wiring/disconnect box can serve as a fuse box, but fuse holders and fuses must
be purchased and installed. See “Combiner Fuses (Optional)” on page 3–6 for
details.
The Conext Inverter can also be installed in a multiple inverter system. If multiple
Conext Inverters are used, each Conext Inverter must be wired to an
independent PV array.
Enable communication between Conext Inverters by installing network cabling to
the Conext Inverter’s RJ–45 ports. See “Connecting Network Cable Between
Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters” on page 3–25.
Planning the Installation
Make sure you have obtained all permits required by local authorities or utilities
before beginning installation.
Installation Codes
Governing installation codes vary depending on the specific location and
application of the installation. Some examples include the following:
•
The U.S. National Electrical Code (NEC)
•
The Canadian Electrical Code (CEC)
•
The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs)
•
Canadian Standards Association (CSA)
It is the installer’s responsibility to make sure that all applicable installation
requirements are met.
Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter Location
CAUTION
b
HAZARD OF BURN
• In extreme conditions, the Conext Inverter heat sink can reach
temperatures over 158 °F (70 °C) and can cause skin burns if accidentally
touched.
• Make sure the Conext Inverter is located away from normal traffic areas.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in minor or moderate injury.
2–2
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
Planning the Installation
Conext Inverter failure due to improper installation will void the Conext Inverter’s
warranty. Consider the following when determining where to install the Conext
Inverter:
Indoor/Outdoor
• The Conext Inverter uses a Type 3R-rated enclosure (vertical mount only) that
can be mounted indoors or outdoors. Type 3R enclosures are intended for
outdoor use primarily to provide a degree of protection against falling rain and
to be undamaged by the formation of ice on the enclosure.
• While the 3R-rated enclosure protects the Conext Inverter from moisture,
outdoor installations should be located away from lawn sprinklers and other
sources of spray.
• A sun shade is recommended for outdoor installations. In bright sun
conditions, when the Conext Inverter is at or near full output with an ambient
temperature above 104 °F (40 °C), shading the Conext Inverter will help
increase its performance. A sun shade can also help protect the Conext
Inverter from dust, debris, and birds. The sun shade should be made from an
opaque (dark) material to provide shade for the heat sink. It should be large
enough and positioned so that it shades the heat sink when the Conext
Inverter is operating at full power (usually a four hour time period centered
around noon). Make sure the shade is installed according to the minimum
clearances specified on page 2–10.
Orientation
• The Conext Inverter must be mounted vertically on a wall or pole.
• Do not mount the Conext Inverter horizontally.
• If mounting the Conext Inverter indoors on a south-facing wall, make sure the
wall is insulated to reduce the amount of heat absorbed by the Conext
Inverter. Unless walls are properly insulated, avoid mounting the Conext
Inverter indoors on any wall that is directly exposed to the sun.
Temperature
• Make sure the Conext Inverter is mounted in a location where the ambient
temperature range is -13 to +149 °F (- 25 to + 65 °C).
• Above 104 °F (40 °C), the Conext Inverter might derate power output. See
“Output power versus ambient temperature” on page A–13 and
“Environmental Specifications” on page A–13.
• At extremely cold temperatures (outside of the specified operating range), the
front panel LCD might not function normally. For example, the display could
update very slowly or not update at all, it could be illegible, or it could go
blank.
Distance
• To minimize resistance and resulting power loss, make sure the wire lengths
between the PV array and the Conext Inverter and between the Conext
Inverter and the main utility service panel are kept to a minimum.
• Maximum distances will depend on the wire gauges used and PV array output
voltages. To minimize system failures due to AC voltage faults, size the AC
and DC wiring to have a maximum 1% to 1.5% voltage drop.
Debris free
• Excessive debris (such as dust, leaves, and cobwebs) can accumulate on the
Conext Inverter, interfering with wiring connections and ventilation. Do not
install in a location where debris can accumulate (for example, under a tree).
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
2–3
Installation
MPPT Requirements
MPPT operational
window
The MPPT software maximizes the output energy of solar arrays as long as the
operating voltage is within the MPPT operational window of the Conext Inverter.
Make sure the open circuit voltage (VOC) of the PV array is within the MPPT
operational window. See “Input voltage, Maximum Power Point range” in
Appendix A, “Specifications” for the MPPT operational window of each Conext
Inverter model.
Effects of array voltages outside of the MPPT operational window are shown in
Table 2-1.
Table 2-1 MPPT operational window
Voltage
Effect of Array Voltage
Conext Inverter Mode
VOC < Lower limit of MPPT range
VMPP < Lower limit of MPPT range
Conext Inverter not operating.
Operating voltage shifts to lower limit of
MPPT range; the array is not at its
maximum power point.
Maximum harvest of solar energy.
Does not allow maximum harvest of
solar energy.
Conext Inverter stops delivering power
and shuts down. Conext Inverter could
be damaged.
Offline
Online (low power)
(VOC > Lower limit of MPPT range)
VMPP within MPPT range
VMPP between upper limit of MPPT
range and absolute maximum VOC
VMPP > absolute maximum VOC
(or VOC > absolute maximum VOC)
Array voltage and
current limits
Online (MPPT window)
Online (power
derating)
Offline (shutdown)
The maximum power point voltage (VMPP) of a string connected to the Conext
Inverter should preferably be above the lower limit of the MPPT range for that
model. If it is below the lower limit of the MPPT range, the Conext Inverter
continues to operate, but it regulates the PV voltage to the lower limit of the MPPT
range. Because the array is not operating at its maximum power point, lower than
expected energy harvest could result. If VOC is below the lower limit of the MPPT
range, the Conext Inverter remains offline and does not deliver power.
CAUTION
RISK OF EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
To help prevent damage to the Conext Inverter, the array voltage must never
exceed 600 VOC (open circuit voltage) under any condition.
The short circuit current (Isc) rating of the array under worst-case conditions of
solar irradiance and panel temperature must not exceed the Isc rating of the
Conext Inverter.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in equipment damage.
2–4
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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Mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Guidelines for Matching PV Array Size to Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter Input
•
Consider the expected VOC of the string under all possible conditions. The
panel manufacturer provides a VOC rating per panel, but it is usually rated at
77 °F (25 °C). Make sure that the VOC rating at the coldest ambient
temperature does not exceed 600 VDC. Panel voltage increases in cold
temperatures. The panel manufacturer should be able to provide a
coefficient of voltage increase per degree.
•
The NEC has required temperature/voltage deratings that must be used.
These can be found in Article 690 of the NEC. You must determine the
coldest temperatures expected on the site, and then size the array strings
accordingly. To help prevent damage to the Conext Inverter, the array’s
maximum DC voltage in the coldest expected temperature—with both
manufacturer coefficient and NEC derating— must not exceed 600 VDC.
•
Panel voltage decreases in high temperatures. This will affect the panels’
VMPP and VOC. The manufacturer’s coefficient must be used with the
highest expected temperature to determine the minimum VMPP and VOC.
NOTICE
A PV array sizing tool is available at www.schneider-electric.com.
Mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
WARNING
HEAVY EQUIPMENT
The Conext Inverter weighs up to 84.0 lbs (38.1 kg). Use proper lifting
techniques in accordance with local workplace safety rules, and always use
assistance when moving or lifting.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
Dimensions and Knockout Locations
Dimensions and knockout locations for the Conext Inverter are shown in
Figure 2-1 and Figure 2-2.
Dual knockouts are provided on the back and bottom of the Conext Inverter to
accommodate wiring, and four knockouts are provided on the back of the
wiring/disconnect box.
Six conduit holes on the sides of the wiring/disconnect box (three on each side)
are filled with plastic plugs (thread size PG 21). These plugs can be removed to
insert conduit nipples as required for multiple inverter systems; however, they
must remain in place if not being populated with a conduit connection. Side
conduit holes must be used to accommodate network communication cables
connected between multiple Conext Inverter.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
2–5
Installation
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
Do not drill, cut, or punch holes in the wiring/disconnect box. Use only the
knockouts provided for conduit entry.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
137 mm
5.39 in.
712 mm
28.02 in.
960 mm
37.79 in.
988 mm
38.91 in.
83 mm
3.28 in.
63 mm
2.48 in.
146 mm
5.76 in.
403.5 mm
15.88 in.
95 mm
3.75 in.
30 mm
1.19 in.
30 mm
1.19 in.
62 mm
2.43 in.
62 mm
2.43 in.
185.6 mm
7.31 in.
40.3 mm
1.59 in.
40.2 mm
1.58 in.
2222mm
mm(7/8")
(7/8
in.) knockouts
knockouts
4 places on rear of BOS
4 places on back
Dual 35mm
or 27mm
Dual
35 mm
or 27 mm
(1-3/8" or 1") knockouts
(1-3/8
1 in.)ofknockouts
2 placesor
on bottom
BOS
2 places on back
Dual
Dual 35mm
35 mm
or 27mm
or 27 mm
(1-3/8" or 1") knockouts
(1-3/8
1 in.)ofknockouts
2 placesor
on bottom
BOS
2 places on bottom
40.2 mm
1.58 in.
Figure 2-1 Conext Inverter dimensions and knockout locations (Conext TX 5000 NA and 3800 NA)
2–6
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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Mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
137 mm
5.39 in.
617 mm
24.28 in.
865 mm
34.05 in.
893 mm
35.17 in.
63 mm
2.48 in.
146 mm
5.76 in.
403.5 mm
15.88 in.
30 mm
1.19 in.
62 mm
2.43 in.
185.6 mm
7.31 in.
83 mm
3.28 in.
95 mm
3.75 in.
30 mm
1.19 in.
62 mm
2.43 in.
22
mm
(7/8
in.) knockouts
22mm
(7/8")
knockouts
places on rear of BOS
4 4places
on back
40.3 mm
1.59 in.
40.2 mm
1.58 in.
Dual
35 mm
or 27 mm
Dual 35mm
or 27mm
(1-3/8" or 1") knockouts
(1-3/8
or
1
in.)
2 places on bottom ofknockouts
BOS
2 places on bottom
Dual
35 mm
or 27 mm
Dual 35mm
or 27mm
(1-3/8" or 1") knockouts
(1-3/8
1 in.)ofknockouts
2 places or
on bottom
BOS
2 places on back
40.2 mm
1.58 in.
Figure 2-2 Conext Inverter dimensions and knockout locations (Conext TX 3300 NA and 2800 NA)
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
2–7
Installation
Installing the Mounting Bracket
Secure the mounting bracket to a vertical structure or surface. The Conext
Inverter mounting hooks attach to the flanges on the mounting bracket. Mounting
bracket dimensions are shown in Figure 2-3 and Figure 2-4.
If mounting more than one Conext Inverter, install each mounting bracket at least
6 inches (150 mm) apart to provide enough space for the Conext Inverters to
hang side by side.
253 mm
9.96 in.
45 mm Typ.
1.77 in.
40 mm Typ.
1.57 in.
Rectangular slots x 30
8 x 30 (5/16 in. x 1-3/16 in.)
Mounting
Flanges
Mounting hooks
776 mm
30.55 in.
90 mm
3.54 in.
Mounting slots
78 mm
3.07 in.
18 mm
.71 in.
13.5 mm
.53 in.
63 mm
2.48 in.
Figure 2-3 Mounting bracket and Conext Inverter (Conext TX 5000 NA and Conext TX 3800 NA)
2–8
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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Mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
253 mm
9.96 in.
45 mm Typ.
1.77 in.
40 mm Typ.
1.57 in.
Rectangular slots x 30
8 x 30 (5/16 in. x 1-3/16 in.)
Mounting
Flanges
681 mm
26.81 in.
Mounting hooks
90 mm
3.54 in.
78 mm
3.07 in.
Mounting slots
18 mm
.71 in.
63 mm
2.48 in.
13.5 mm
.53 in.
Figure 2-4 Mounting bracket and Conext Inverter (Conext TX 3300 NA and Conext TX 2800 NA)
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
2–9
Installation
Clearance Requirements
For optimal and safe operation, maintain adequate clearance around the Conext
Inverter. If the minimum clearances in Table 2-2 are not met, rated power might
not be achieved.
Table 2-2 Conext Inverter clearance requirements
Location
Minimum Clearance
Above
12 inches (300 mm).
Below
Allow sufficient clearance between the bottom of the Conext
Inverter and the ground for easy operation of disconnect switch.
The Conext Inverter extends below the bracket by approximately
6 ¾ inches (170 mm).
Front
12 inches (300 mm) minimum. 36 inches (910 mm) are
recommended for easy access for reading the display, avoiding
accidental contact with hot surfaces, and servicing the Conext
Inverter.
Sides
Conext Inverters can be mounted side by side with no clearance
between them, but 6 inches (150 mm) of clearance around the
outside edges of the outermost two Conext Inverters is
recommended. In hot climates, some clearance between Conext
Inverters might be needed to help prevent thermal derating.
Surfaces for Mounting
The Conext Inverter can be mounted to a vertical surface such as wallboard,
wood siding, concrete wall, or pole assembly. Make sure the mounting surface or
structure can support the weight of the Conext Inverter (up to 84 lb / 38.1 kg) as
well as the associated wiring and conduit. Installation onto wallboard requires
either the use of a supporting material such as plywood or securing the mounting
screws to supporting wall studs.
NOTICE
• Local codes might impose additional mounting requirements in earthquake
or other high-risk areas.
• No mounting hardware is supplied with the Conext Inverter. The
manufacturer recommends using ¼ inch (6 mm) diameter fasteners.
However, because mounting surfaces vary, installers must select
appropriate hardware for each installation.
2–10
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Mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Mounting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter on the Bracket
Place the Conext Inverter’s mounting hooks over the flanges on the bracket.
Make sure the Conext Inverter is seated properly, and then secure the bottom of
the Conext Inverter with appropriate screws or anchors through the mounting
slots.
Flange with
mounting slots
Figure 2-5 Placing the Conext Inverter on the mounting bracket
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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2–11
2–12
3
Wiring the Conext
Grid Tie Solar
Inverter
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• The Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter has no user serviceable parts inside. It
must be installed and serviced only by qualified personnel equipped with
appropriate personal protective equipment and following safe electrical
work practices.
• The Conext Inverter is energized from two sources: PV array while exposed
to light and AC grid. Before opening doors or covers, consult the system
diagram to identify all sources; de-energize, lock out, and tag out all
sources; and wait at least five minutes for internal capacitors to discharge
to safe voltages.
• Before servicing, test using a meter rated at least 1000 volts AC and DC to
ensure all circuits are de-energized.
• The Conext Inverter is provided with integral PV ground fault protection.
Normally GROUNDED conductors might be UNGROUNDED and
ENERGIZED when a GROUND FAULT is indicated. Disconnect all sources
of power before opening.
• The Conext Inverter employs field adjustable voltage and frequency set
points and time delays that are factory set in compliance with local utility
and safety requirements and can be changed only by trained technicians
with approval by both the local utility and equipment owner.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Chapter 3 provides information about DC
and AC wiring as well as grounding the
Conext Inverter and the PV array.
This chapter does not provide sufficient
information for anyone but qualified
personnel (as defined under “Audience”
on page iii) to install this product.
The topics in this chapter are organized as
follows:
• “Grounding Requirements” on page 3–3
• “Wiring Requirements” on page 3–5
• “Accessing the Wiring Terminals” on
page 3–8
• “Connecting the DC Wiring” on
page 3–11
• “Connecting the AC Wiring” on
page 3–17
• “DC and AC Wiring for Multiple Conext
Grid Tie Solar Inverters (Single-Phase
System)” on page 3–18
• “Communications Wiring for Multiple
Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters” on
page 3–20
• “Communications Wiring for Monitoring
a Single Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter”
on page 3–26
3–2
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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Grounding Requirements
Grounding Requirements
The Conext Inverter has the following grounding requirements.
AC Grounding
The Conext Inverter must be connected to the AC ground from the utility via the
Conext Inverter ground lug (see Figure 3-1 on page 3–3).
PV Grounding
The PV array (frame) ground should be connected to the Conext Inverter ground
bar (see Figure 3-1 on page 3–3). The size for the conductor is usually based on
the size of the largest conductor in the DC system.
A DC grounding electrode conductor might be required by the AHJ. Use the
Conext Inverter ground bar for this connection (see Figure 3-2 on page 3–4).
CAUTION
RISK OF EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
Provide adequate clearance for grounding wires inside the Conext Inverter
wiring box. Make sure the bare copper grounding wire is more than
½ inch clear of the DC/AC interconnect circuit board.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in equipment damage.
Two ¼–inch (7 mm) knockouts in the bottom of the wiring box are intended for
routing the ground conductors to the ground bar. See Figure 3-1.
Knock-outs for
ground conductors
Ground bar
(DC Compartment)
Ground lug
(AC compartment)
Figure 3-1 Ground conductor knockouts
The ground bar accepts wires up to 4 AWG. Use wire size 12 to 4 AWG, copper
conductors only, rated 90 °C minimum. Torque ground wires as specified in
Table 3-1.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
3–3
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Table 3-1 Torque values for ground wiring
Wire Size
Torque Value
AWG
mm2
in-lb
Nm
12–10
8
6–4
4.0–6.0
10
16–25
25–35
30–40
35–45
3.0–4.0
3.4–4.5
4.0–5.0
WARNING
w
HAZARD OF FIRE
• In most models, the negative PV conductor is internally bonded to the
ground system within the Conext Inverter’s ground fault detection circuit.
• It is important that the grounded PV conductor is not bonded to the ground
at any other point in the system.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
PV1 String #1
PV1 String #2
L2
L1
Neutral
L1
L2
Ground
Conext TX 5000 NA model shown.
Grounding electrode
Figure 3-2 Grounding diagram
3–4
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This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
Wiring Requirements
NOTICE
A DC grounding electrode conductor might be required by the AHJ. Check
local codes before installation.
Ground Fault Fuse
The Conext Inverter is equipped with a 600 V, 1 A ground fault protection fuse
(replace with Littelfuse® KLKD 1 or equivalent).
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
The ground fault protection fuse must only be serviced by qualified service
personnel, such as certified electricians or technicians. See “Replacing the
Ground Fault Protection Fuse” on page 6–5.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Wiring Requirements
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
Check for existing electrical or plumbing prior to drilling holes in walls.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
All AC and DC wiring must be copper conductors only, rated 90 °C minimum,
and sized from 6 to 12 AWG according to the applicable electrical code. Strip all
wires 0.48–0.51 inches (12–13 mm).
For safety and compliance with local electrical codes such as the NEC, run AC,
DC, and communication wires in separate conduits.
WARNING
HAZARD OF FIRE
• Wiring must not be undersized. Wire sizes must be coordinated with the
array maximum short circuit current or the AC breaker sizes used.
• Make sure wiring is in accordance with the NEC or applicable codes.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
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3–5
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
AC Circuit Breaker Requirements
The main utility service panel must dedicate a double pole breaker to operate
each installed Conext Inverter. This breaker must be sized to handle the rated
maximum output voltage and current of your Conext Inverter model (see
“Electrical Specifications”, “Output” beginning on page A–2).
DC/AC Disconnect Switch
The wiring box includes a 600 V utility/PV disconnect switch that switches both
AC and DC at the same time.
Depending on the installation, an external AC and/or DC disconnect might be
required if the Conext Inverter is installed in a location not easily accessible to
utility or fire personnel. Consult local authorities for additional information.
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• Do not remove the wiring/disconnect box. The 600 V DC/AC disconnect in
the wiring box meets NEC Article 690 requirements. It is a non-serviceable
component and must remain in place. Removal can expose energized
conductors.
• Use caution when working around sources of DC power. Although the
DC/AC disconnect switch disconnects the Conext Inverter from DC power,
hazardous voltages from paralleled PV strings will still be present upstream
of the switch and inside the wiring box. Isolate or disconnect all sources of
electricity, and always test for voltage before touching exposed wiring or
devices. If the system does not provide a PV disconnect device, cover the
PV array with opaque (dark) material.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Combiner Fuses (Optional)
WARNING
HAZARD OF FIRE
If the array consists of more than two strings, fusing might be required to help
prevent conductor overloads. Consult your local authority and electrical code
for details.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
3–6
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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Wiring Requirements
There is provision for an optional touch-safe, DIN rail mount (35 mm x 7.5 mm)
fuse holder. A Ferraz Shawmut fuse holder is recommended (part number
USM3). The fuse holder must be wired in series with the PV UNGROUNDED
terminals in the wiring box using a minimum of 10 AWG wire, and it must be
secured to the DIN rail installed in the DC side of the wiring box. See Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-3 Fuse holder wiring
The fuse holders must:
•
Be either CSA certified to or UL Listed/UR Recognized for use in 600 VDC
circuits and up to a minimum of 30 ADC.
•
Be suitable for use with copper field wiring, for either stranded or solid wire,
as appropriate.
•
Be rated for use in ambient temperatures up to at least 104 °F (40 °C).
•
Accept wire gauges of at least 10 AWG.
•
Fully disconnect and isolate the fuse body from the PV circuit when opened
to allow for finger-safe removal of PV fuses when servicing.
The fuses must be:
•
Compatible with the fuse holder used (refer to the fuse holder manufacturer’s
instructions).
•
Marked with either CSA certified or UL Listed/UR Recognized for use in
600 VDC circuits.
•
Appropriately rated according to the array sizing and in accordance with
Article 690 of the NEC as well as any other local electrical codes.
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3–7
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Accessing the Wiring Terminals
You must remove the Conext Inverter’s wiring box cover to access the terminal
blocks, ground bar, and communications ports.
To remove the wiring box cover (see Figure 3-4):
1. Make sure the DC/AC disconnect switch is set to OFF. A safety lock prevents
removal of the wiring box cover if the switch is not set to OFF.
2. Using a Phillips screwdriver, loosen (but do not remove) the two screws on
the bottom side of the wiring box until you can lift the bottom of the wiring box
cover.
3. Lift the bottom of the wiring box cover.
4. Slide the wiring box cover down, and then lift it off the chassis.
1
4
3
2
Figure 3-4 Removing the wiring box cover
AC and DC connections are made at the wiring terminals shown in Figure 3-6 on
page 3–9.
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
The insulating barrier must not be removed.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Insulating barrier
3–8
The clear plastic insulating barrier inside the wiring box is a permanent
component. Its purpose is to separate the AC and DC wiring from the
communications cabling, and it must not be removed.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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Accessing the Wiring Terminals
When wiring the Conext Inverter, it is necessary to pull the barrier back to access
the wiring terminals. See Figure 3-5. After completing the wiring, return the
insulating barrier to its original position.
Insulating
Barrier
Figure 3-5 Insulating barrier location
DC Terminal
Blocks
AC Terminal
Block
Figure 3-6 AC and DC terminal block location
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3–9
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Cage Clamps®
The AC and PV terminals use Cage Clamps.
To insert a wire into a Cage Clamp on an AC or PV terminal:
1. Release the Cage Clamp:
a) Insert a flat blade screwdriver into the rectangular hole directly above the
wiring hole where you want to insert the wire. The screwdriver should be
at approximately a 30° angle, and the screwdriver’s flat face should align
to the top edge of the rectangular hole. See Figure 3-7.
b) Push the screwdriver in, and then press the spring-cage terminal
downward until the spring-cage opens. See Figure 3-8.
Figure 3-7 Releasing the Cage Clamp: step 1 (a)
Figure 3-8 Releasing the Cage Clamp: step 1 (b)
3–10
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Connecting the DC Wiring
2. Insert the wire, and then remove the screwdriver to engage the Cage Clamp.
See Figure 3-9.
Figure 3-9 Inserting the wire and engaging the Cage Clamp
Connecting the DC Wiring
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• Use caution when working around sources of DC power. Although the
DC/AC disconnect switch disconnects the Conext Inverter from DC power,
hazardous voltages from paralleled PV strings will still be present upstream
of the switch and inside the wiring box. Isolate or disconnect all sources of
electricity before making any connections, make sure the DC/AC
disconnect switch is set to OFF (see Figure 3-10), and always test for
voltage before touching exposed wiring or devices. If the system does not
provide a PV disconnect device, cover the PV array with opaque (dark)
material.
• If AC wiring has been connected previously, turn off, lock out, and tag out
the AC breaker in the main utility panel prior to connecting the DC wiring.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
ON
OFF
Figure 3-10 DC/AC disconnect switch positions
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3–11
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
NOTICE
If you are connecting the DC wiring using an optional fuse holder, see
“Connecting the DC Wiring Using the Optional Fuse Holder” on page 3–13.
The following procedure is illustrated in Figure 3-11 on page 3–12. If the system
has more than one PV string, label the positive and negative wire pairs
appropriately (for example, PV1–String #1 POS, PV1–String #1 NEG,
PV1–String #2 POS, and so on). See “Cage Clamps®” on page 3–10 for
instructions on using Cage Clamps.
To wire the PV array to the Conext Inverter:
1. Insert the POSITIVE (+) wire from PV1–String #1 into one of the PV terminals
marked UNGROUNDED.
2. Insert the NEGATIVE (-) wire from PV1–String #1 into one of the PV terminals
marked GROUNDED.
3. Repeat for PV1–String #2, if applicable.
4. Repeat for PV1–String #3, if applicable.
5. Make sure all connections are correctly wired and secured.
PV1 String
+
-
Grounding not shown
Figure 3-11 DC connections for single PV string
3–12
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Connecting the DC Wiring
Connecting the DC Wiring Using the Optional Fuse Holder
WARNING
HAZARD OF FIRE
If the array consists of more than two strings, fusing might be required to help
prevent conductor overloads. Consult your local authority and electrical code
for details.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
You can connect the DC wiring using an optional fuse holder. See “Combiner
Fuses (Optional)” on page 3–6 for more information. The following procedure is
illustrated in Figure 3-12. Label the positive and negative wire pairs appropriately
(for example, PV1–String #1 POS, PV1–String #1 NEG, PV1–String #2 POS, and
so on). See “Cage Clamps®” on page 3–10 for instructions on using Cage
Clamps.
PV1–String #1
+
-
PV1–String #2
+
-
PV1–String #3
+
-
Grounding not shown.
Figure 3-12 DC connections for multiple PV strings
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3–13
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
To wire the PV array to the Conext Inverter:
1. Prepare the fuse holder:
a) Strip ½ in. (12–13 mm) from both ends of three 2.5 in. (65 mm) lengths of
10 AWG wire.
b) Insert one end of each wire into each of the three top lugs of the fuse
holder. See Figure 3-13.
c) Torque screws to the value indicated by the manufacturer on the fuse
holder to secure the wires.
Figure 3-13 Fuse holder with 10 AWG wiring
2. Insert the free ends of each of the three wires into the PV terminals marked
UNGROUNDED. See Figure 3-14.
3. Snap the fuse holder to the provided DIN rail to secure it to the wiring box.
See Figure 3-14.
Figure 3-14 Fuse holder secured to wiring box
3–14
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Connecting the DC Wiring
4. Insert the POSITIVE (+) wire from PV1–String #1 into one of the fuse holders.
Torque the screw to the value indicated by the manufacturer on the fuse
holder to secure the wire.
5. Insert the NEGATIVE (-) wire from PV1–String #1 into one of the PV terminals
marked GROUNDED.
6. Repeat for PV1–String #2, if applicable.
7. Repeat for PV1–String #3, if applicable.
8. Make sure all connections are correctly wired and secured. Torque wires in
the fuse holder to the value indicated by the manufacturer.
9. Remove the cutout on the DC side of the insulating barrier for fuse holder
clearance. See Figure 3-15 on page 3–15.
Cutout removed for
fuse holder clearance
Figure 3-15 Insulating barrier with DC side cutout removed
DC Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters
For installations with multiple Conext Inverters, separate solar arrays are required
for each Conext Inverter. The output of each Conext Inverter feeds a separate
dual-pole circuit breaker (L1 and L2) in the main utility service panel.
For such installations, complete the wiring and perform the commissioning
procedure (see “Commissioning Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters” on
page 4–4) for each Conext Inverter one at a time.
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3–15
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• In multiple inverter systems, make sure each Conext Inverter is correctly
connected to its own PV array(s) and that no wires are crossed. For
example, connect PV1 positive (+) and PV1 negative (-) to Conext
Inverter 1 and PV2 positive (+) and PV2 negative (-) to Conext Inverter 2.
• Do not connect PV1 positive (+) and PV2 negative (-) to
Conext Inverter 1 and PV2 positive (+) and PV1 negative (-) to Conext
Inverter 2. As shown in Figure 3-16 on page 3–16, this configuration can
cause short circuit failures in the Conext Inverters and could also generate
hazardous voltages within the system.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
+
-
PV Array #1 (PV1)
Conext Inverter #1
+
-
PV Array #2 (PV2)
Conext Inverter #2
Grounding not shown.
Figure 3-16 Improper multiple Conext Inverter connections
3–16
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Connecting the AC Wiring
Connecting the AC Wiring
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• Before wiring the Conext Inverter, make sure the main breaker in the
primary utility breaker box is switched OFF, locked out, and tagged out.
Switch this breaker on only after all wiring is completed as instructed in the
procedures.
• If the DC wiring has been completed, make sure the DC/AC disconnect
switch is in the OFF position and isolate or disconnect all sources of
electricity. If the system does not provide a PV disconnect device, cover
the PV array with opaque (dark) material.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
The Conext Inverter can be connected to a single bi-directional meter or to dual
meters, where one meter indicates power used and the second meter indicates
power sold (power supplied back to the utility). Consult the local utility to
determine the proper components to install, and obtain any permits required
prior to installation.
Make sure all connections are secured in the terminal block. See “Cage
Clamps®” on page 3–10 for instructions on using Cage Clamps.
The AC wiring procedure is illustrated in Figure 3-17.
NOTICE
The neutral conductor must be attached to the Conext Inverter in all cases.
The neutral conductor is used for phase-to-neutral voltage sensing only and is
not a current-carrying conductor. This conductor is not bonded to ground in
the Conext Inverter.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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3–17
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Utility Meter
L2
L1
Neutral
L1
L2
Ground
Grounding not shown
Main Utility Service Panel
Figure 3-17 AC connections from Conext Inverter to utility service panel
DC and AC Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters
(Single-Phase System)
DC and AC wiring for multiple Conext Inverters in a single-phase system is
illustrated in Figure 3-18. If the system has more than one PV array, label the
positive and negative wire pairs appropriately (for example, PV1–String #1 POS,
PV1–String #1 NEG, and so on).
If required by the AHJ, a DC grounding conductor can be connected to each
Conext Inverter’s ground bar. One Conext Inverter will connect to a common
grounding conductor. The other Conext Inverters will use tap connectors.
Connection is then made to the DC or AC grounding electrode as per
NEC 690.47.
Make sure all connections are secured in the terminal block. See “Cage
Clamps®” on page 3–10 for instructions on using Cage Clamps.
3–18
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DC and AC Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters (Three-Phase System)
PV Array #2 (PV2)
+
-
+
-
PV Array #1 (PV1)
Utility Meter
L2
L1
Neutral
L1
L2
L1
L2
Ground
Main Utility Service Panel
Grounding not shown.
Figure 3-18 DC and AC wiring with multiple Conext Inverters (single-phase system)
DC and AC Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters
(Three-Phase System)
Conext Inverters can be connected in multiples of three to create a balanced,
three-phase, distributed power generation system. Different models can be
combined to help match the available PV power (see Table 3-2 on page 3–20 for
some examples). Conext Inverters can be connected between any phase on a
208 VAC WYE service, but they can only be connected to the centre-tap side of a
240 V Delta service (see Figure 3-19 on page 3–20). Connection to a 208 VAC
WYE service provides the ability to balance the generating power if an equal
number of Conext Inverters feed each phase.
Connect each Conext Inverter to a phase of the 208 V:120 V WYE transformer,
where line-to-line voltage is 208 V and line-to-neutral voltage is 120 V. The
resulting power for a three-phase configuration is the sum of the output rated
power of each Conext Inverter.
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3–19
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
CAUTION
ris
RISK OF EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
Do not connect the Conext Inverter to the high leg of a 240 V center-tap delta
service mains. Make AC connection only to the center-tap 240/120 V side.
V
24
0
0V
24
120 V
8V
20
20
8V
Failure to follow these instructions can result in equipment damage.
12
0V
0V
12
120 V
120 V
208 V
208/120 V WYE, 4-wire
240/120 V Delta centre tap
Figure 3-19 Three-phase configuration
Table 3-2 Typical three-phase system aggregation
Power Configuration Models Used
7.95 kW
3 x Conext TX 2800 NA
9.3 kW
3 x Conext TX 3300 NA
13.5 kW
3 x Conext TX 5000 NA
15.9 kW
6 x Conext TX 2800 NA
18.6 kW
6 x Conext TX 3300 NA
27.0 kW
6 x Conext TX 5000 NA
Communications Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar
Inverters
Communications wiring between multiple Conext Inverters allows information
about each Conext Inverter and its associated PV array to be communicated
between all of the Conext Inverters in the system. Information about the entire
system can be displayed on any Conext Inverter’s LCD in the system.
3–20
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Communications Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters
For example, in a two-inverter system, if Conext Inverter 1 is producing 1500 W
and Conext Inverter 2 is producing 2000 W, both Conext Inverters display a total
system power of 3500 W. The cumulative energy produced by both Conext
Inverters that day is also displayed.
You can also view information for an individual Conext Inverter in a system. See
“To view single inverter-specific screens in a multiple inverter system:” on
page 5–6. Without communications wiring (network cables), each Conext
Inverter in a system will only display information pertinent to itself.
Xanbus Network Technology
Conext Inverters use Xanbus technology to communicate with other Conext
Inverters. Network connections for multiple Conext Inverters are laid out in a
daisy chain pattern, with each device on the network linked together with
separate lengths of cable, as shown in Figure 3-20.
Network terminator
Xanbus cable
Network terminator
Figure 3-20 Daisy chain layout
CAUTION
RISK OF EQUIPMENT DAMAGE AND FAILURE
• Connect only Xanbus-enabled devices.
• Although the cabling and connectors used in this network system are the
same as ethernet connectors, this network is not an ethernet system.
Equipment damage could result from attempting to connect Xanbus to
different systems.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in equipment damage.
The minimum cable length between two nodes is 2 m when terminated at both
ends. Table 3-3 provides information on maximum Xanbus network length.
Table 3-3 Total Xanbus network length
Xanbus Baud Rate
Total Xanbus Network Length
250 kbps
130 ft (40 m)
125 kbps
1000 ft (300 m)
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3–21
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
WARNING
HAZARD OF UNPREDICTABLE NETWORK OPERATION
Do not exceed the maximum total Xanbus network length shown in Table 3-3,
“Total Xanbus network length” on page 3–21. Improper network operation can
occur when these distances are exceeded.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in unintended operation
that can result in death, serious injury, or equipment damage.
NOTICE
• Xanbus baud rate is set to 250 kbps by default. If you want to switch to 125
kbps, make sure to follow the recommended procedure supplied in the
baud rate change procedure application note (976-0216-01-01 at
www.schneider-electric.com/renewable-energies).
• Remote upgrade using the Xantrex Gateway accessory is not supported on
systems with a 125 kbps baud rate. If you change the baud rate to 125
kbps, then you will no longer be able to use the Gateway to upgrade the
firmware on Conext Inverters. You will have to upgrade each Conext
Inverter in the system via the RS–232 port.
• When creating long Xanbus networks (i.e. greater than 328 ft / 100 m), you
must verify network integrity using a CANbus network analysis tool such as
the Maretron® N2KMeter NMEA2000® Diagnostic Tool. See “Verifying the
Xanbus Network” on page 3–26.
Terminators
The network terminator supplied with each Conext Inverter (Figure 3-21) is
required at each end of the network to ensure the communication signal quality
on the network.
Figure 3-21 Network terminator
RJ–45 Xanbus
ports
Two RJ–45 ports are provided in the Conext Inverter, accessible from the wiring
box. See Figure 3-22 for the location of these ports.
RJ–11 ports
The 4-position RJ–11 port connectors allow interconnection of multiple Conext
Inverters for three-phase connections where the requirement is balanced
generating conditions. Any Conext Inverter disconnecting from the grid also
forces the remaining Conext Inverters offline. This condition remains until grid
parameters for all Conext Inverters are within operating specifications.
If a balanced system is required, daisy chain the inverters via the RJ–11 ports
using a 4–wire straight through telephone cord. No terminators are required.
3–22
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Communications Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters
RJ–45 Xanbus ports
RJ–11 ports
Network terminator
RS–232 port (used to connect a PC to use Conext View)
Figure 3-22 Communication ports in the Conext Inverter wiring box
Cabling Requirements
CAUTION
RISK OF EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
Do not use a crossover cable in a Xanbus system.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in equipment damage.
The network uses Category 5 (CAT5 or CAT5e) cable: a standard cable available
from any computer supply store. The cable consists of eight conductors in four
twisted pairs with an RJ–45 modular connector wired to the T568A standard.
Table 3-4 shows the arrangements of wire colors to pin numbers for the T568A
standard.
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3–23
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Table 3-4 T568A standard wiring
Pin
Number
Conductor
Name
CAT5 Cable
Insulation Color
CAT5e Cable
Insulation Color
1
NET_S
White/Green
White/Orange
2
NET_S
Green
Orange
3
NET_C
White/Orange
White/Green
4
CAN_L
Blue
Blue
5
CAN_H
White/Blue
White/Blue
6
NET_C
Orange
Green
7
NET_S
White/Brown
White/Brown
8
NET_C
Brown
Brown
Pins:
87654321
Figure 3-23 RJ–45 connector
Network Components
Consult your system designer to determine what network components you need
for your specific installation, and then purchase standard CAT5 cables locally.
Guidelines for Routing the Network Cables
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• Do not route the network cables in the same conduit or panel as the AC
and DC power cabling.
• The cables should run on top of the insulation barrier inside the
wiring/disconnect box and out a side conduit hole, avoiding any contact
with the AC and DC wiring.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
3–24
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Communications Wiring for Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters
WARNING
HAZARD OF UNPREDICTABLE DEVICE BEHAVIOR
Unpredictable device behavior might result from connecting one end of the
network to the other to make a ring or loop.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in unintended operation
that can result in death, serious injury, or equipment damage.
Connecting Network Cable Between Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar
Inverters
The following procedure (illustrated in Figure 3-20 on page 3–21) assumes only
two Conext Inverters are connected. However, up to five Conext Inverters can be
connected in this configuration.
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
Before opening the Conext Inverter wiring/disconnect box, turn OFF the
breaker switches connected to the Conext Inverter AC output, and turn the
DC/AC disconnect switch to the OFF position. Hazardous voltage will still be
present on the DC input (PV) terminals located under the clear plastic
insulation barrier. Do not remove the insulation barrier during this procedure.
To reduce the risk of shock, isolate or disconnect all sources of electricity. If
the system does not provide a PV disconnect device, cover the PV array with
opaque (dark) material.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
To provide communication between multiple Conext Inverters:
1. Remove the wiring/disconnect box cover from each Conext Inverter. See
“Accessing the Wiring Terminals” on page 3–8.
2. Connect the network cable to any RJ–45 port in Conext Inverter 1.
3. Route the cable along the top of the insulation barrier and through a side
conduit hole to Conext Inverter 2.
4. Connect the network cable to any RJ–45 port in Conext Inverter 2.
5. For more than two Conext Inverters, continue connecting cable as described
above.
6. Insert network terminators into the empty RJ–45 ports in the Conext Inverters
at the beginning and end of the network. There should be no empty RJ–45
ports in any of the Conext Inverters.
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3–25
Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Verifying the Xanbus Network
For long Xanbus networks (greater than 328 feet / 100 m), you must verify
network integrity using a CANbus network analysis tool such as the Maretron
N2KMeter NMEA 2000 Diagnostic Tool. To determine if the network is healthy,
check to see if any bus errors are present on the network. The presence of bus
errors, specifically more than one bus error per second, indicates that the
network is not operating optimally.
If the CANbus analyzer indicates your network is not operating properly, check
the following, and then re-test the network:
•
Make sure the total Xanbus network length has not been exceeded. See
Table 3-3, “Total Xanbus network length” on page 3–21.
•
Make sure the network has only two terminators installed—one at each far
end of the network.
•
Make sure no long stub connections are coming from a Xanbus 3-port
T connector (if any are used). Daisy chain network configuration is the
optimal configuration.
•
Make sure all cable sections are correct and not shorted anywhere.
Communications Wiring for Monitoring a Single Conext Grid
Tie Solar Inverter
You can view Conext Inverter operational data on a personal computer using
Conext View. Download it at www.schneider-electric.com. To use Conext View,
connect your computer’s serial port to the Conext Inverter RS–232 port (see
Figure 3-22 on page 3–23).
RS–232 cable
requirements
To connect your computer to the Conext Inverter, you must use a serial DB9
“straight through” cable.
The RS–232 connector on the Conext Inverter is configured as follows:
•
Pin 2: transmit
•
Pin 3: receive
•
Pin 5: ground
All other pins are unused.
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Communications Wiring for Monitoring a Single Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
To connect a single Conext Inverter to a personal computer:
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• Before opening the Conext Inverter wiring/disconnect box, turn OFF the
breaker switches connected to the Conext Inverter AC output, and turn the
DC/AC disconnect switch to the OFF position.
• Hazardous voltage will still be present on the DC input (PV) terminals
located under the clear plastic insulation barrier. Do not remove the
insulation barrier during this procedure.
• To reduce the risk of shock, isolate or disconnect all sources of electricity. If
the system does not provide a PV disconnect device, cover the PV array
with opaque (dark) material.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
1. Feed the male end of the serial cable through a top, side conduit hole on the
Conext Inverter.
If the end of the serial cable is too large to fit through the conduit hole, you
might need to use two DB9 to CAT 5 adaptors. Plug the DB9 end of the
adapter into the Conext Inverter, and feed the CAT 5 end of the cable out the
conduit hole. Use another adapter to convert the CAT 5 end of the cable
back to DB9.
2. Plug the male end of the serial cable into the Conext Inverter’s RS–232 port.
3. Plug the female end of the serial cable into your computer’s serial port. A
USB to DB9 converter (not supplied) could be required.
4. Replace the wiring/disconnect box cover.
5. Turn the DC/AC disconnect switch to the ON position and turn the main utility
panel breaker switches ON.
When power is restored to the Conext Inverter, you can run Conext View on your
computer to monitor the Conext Inverter’s operation.
NOTICE
In multiple installations, Conext View monitors only the Conext Inverters to
which the computer is connected. However, if the Conext Inverters are
connected with a Xanbus network cable, Conext View will display total system
wattage and the accumulated daily energy produced by all Conext Inverters.
Monitoring multiple Conext Inverters requires multiple DB9 cable connections
(one per Conext Inverter) to your computer.
For more information about Conext View, see the User’s Guide included with the
Conext View software (Document Part Number 975-0611-01-01).
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Wiring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Fast Sweep™ Shade Tolerant MPPT Algorithm
Conext View contains the Fast Sweep MPPT algorithm that optimizes the Conext
Inverter’s energy harvest under partially shaded conditions. Once Conext View is
installed and communication with the inverters has been established, Fast
Sweep can be enabled or disabled using Conext View. For instructions, see the
Conext View User’s Guide (Document Part Number 975-0611-01-01) available
with the software.
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4
Starting the
Conext Grid Tie
Solar Inverter
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• The Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter has no user serviceable parts inside. It
must be installed and serviced only by qualified personnel equipped with
appropriate personal protective equipment and following safe electrical
work practices.
• The Conext Inverter is energized from two sources: PV array while exposed
to light and AC grid. Before opening doors or covers, consult the system
diagram to identify all sources; de-energize, lock out, and tag out all
sources; and wait at least five minutes for internal capacitors to discharge
to safe voltages.
• Before servicing, test using a meter rated at least 1000 volts AC and DC to
make sure all circuits are de-energized.
• The Conext Inverter is provided with integral PV ground fault protection.
Normally GROUNDED conductors might be UNGROUNDED and
ENERGIZED when a GROUND FAULT is indicated. Disconnect all sources
of power before opening.
• The Conext Inverter employs field adjustable voltage and frequency set
points and time delays that are factory set in compliance with local utility
and safety requirements and can be changed only by trained technicians
with approval by both the local utility and equipment owner.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Starting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Chapter 4 provides instructions for starting
the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter and
performing a functional test.
The topics in this chapter are organized as
follows:
• “Startup Procedure” on page 4–2
• “Commissioning Multiple Conext Grid
Tie Solar Inverters” on page 4–4
• “Disconnect Test” on page 4–6
• “Locating the Firmware Version
Number” on page 4–7
Startup Procedure
Starting the Conext Inverter includes several steps. You must:
1. Make sure the DC/AC disconnect switch is in the OFF position (see
Figure 4-1).
2. Check the PV array DC voltage. Follow the procedure in “Checking the PV
Array DC Voltage” on page 4–2.
3. Check the AC utility voltage. Follow the procedure in “Checking the AC Utility
Voltage” on page 4–3.
4. Replace the cover on the wiring box. Follow the procedure in “Replacing the
Wiring/Disconnect Box Cover” on page 4–3.
5. Start the Conext Inverter by switching the DC/AC disconnect switch ON (see
Figure 4-1).
Checking the PV Array DC Voltage
To check the PV array DC voltage:
1. Uncover the PV arrays and expose them to full sunlight. The sunlight must be
intense enough to produce the required output voltage.
2. Measure the PV array open circuit DC voltage across the DC positive (+) and
negative (-) terminals of the string combiner. This voltage must be greater
than 150 volts DC (to energize the electronics) and less than 600 volts DC (to
help prevent damage to the Conext Inverter).
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Startup Procedure
Checking the AC Utility Voltage
To check the AC utility voltage:
1. Switch on the main and Conext Inverter breakers in the main electrical
service panel.
2. Using an AC voltmeter, measure the AC open circuit utility voltage between
L1 and L2. Make sure this voltage is at approximately the nominal value. The
Conext Inverter operates with a line-to-line voltage (L1 to L2) range around
the nominal value.
3. Measure the phase-to-neutral voltage. Phase-to-neutral voltage should be
120 VAC (nominal) for each phase-to-neutral measurement, whether the grid
is 120/240 V split-phase or 208 V three-phase WYE.
Phase-to-phase voltage might rise 3 to 4 VAC (at the field wiring points,
depending upon grid impedance) when current is flowing to a typical 240 V grid.
If the grid voltage is within 1 to 2 VAC of the high voltage disconnect threshold
when the Conext Inverter is at full rated power output (see “Adjustable Voltage,
Frequency, and Reconnection Settings” on page A–12), the Conext Inverter
might disconnect more frequently than it normally would. If the grid is normally
high, the Conext Inverter might disconnect and then refuse to reconnect due to
the required reconnect voltage of 106 per cent of nominal.
If this occurs, consult the utility about reducing the utility voltage or to get
permission to allow the installer to adjust the disconnect threshold to gain
additional margin.
See “Electrical Specifications”, “Output” in Appendix A, “Specifications” for the
utility voltage operating range of your Conext Inverter model.
Replacing the Wiring/Disconnect Box Cover
After performing the voltage checks, turn OFF the breaker in the main utility
service panel and the DC/AC disconnect switch on the Conext Inverter, and then
replace all covers that were removed during installation and startup.
To replace the wiring/disconnect box cover:
1. Make sure the clear plastic insulating barrier is properly positioned in the
wiring box.
2. Slide the cover into position on the wiring box, being careful not to pinch any
wires inside. Make sure the DC/AC disconnect switch is set to OFF (see
Figure 3-10 on page 3–11).
3. Make sure the two screw holes in the bottom of the wiring box cover are
aligned with the corresponding screws in the bottom of the wiring box.
4. Securely tighten the two screws that were loosened when the cover was
removed (see “Accessing the Wiring Terminals” on page 3–8).
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Starting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Starting the Conext Inverter
To start the Conext Inverter:
1. Turn the AC breaker ON.
2. Switch the DC/AC disconnect switch to the ON position (see Figure 4-1).
3. Check the Conext Inverter’s LCD. The startup screens (see Table 5-1 on
page 5–3) should appear for five seconds each, and then the “Reconnecting
in sss seconds” special screen (see Table 5-10 on page 5–10) will appear
until the 305 second (default value) protection timer countdown has
completed.
ON
OFF
Figure 4-1 DC/AC disconnect switch positions
Commissioning Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters
In an installation with multiple Conext Inverters, special commissioning
procedures must be followed in order to safely determine if any DC wiring
problems exist.
NOTICE
Before performing this procedure, all Conext Inverters must be off, with the
DC/AC disconnect switch in the OFF position.
To commission multiple Conext Inverters:
1. Uncover the PV arrays and/or close the main DC disconnect switch, if one is
installed.
2. Start the first Conext Inverter by turning the DC/AC disconnect switch to the
ON position.
3. Check the Conext Inverter’s LCD. The startup screens (see Table 5-1 on
page 5–3) should appear for five seconds each, and then the “Reconnecting
in sss seconds” special screen (see Table 5-10 on page 5–10) will appear
until the 305 second (default value) protection timer countdown is
completed.
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Commissioning Multiple Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverters
4. Wait for the input current to rise above 1 A.
This information is displayed on the Array Readings screen. To display the
Array Readings screen, tap the Conext Inverter’s front panel LCD four times.
5. After the input current has risen above 1 A, if the Conext Inverter is still
operating normally switch off the Conext Inverter by turning the DC/AC
disconnect switch to the OFF position. Proceed to step 5.
If the Conext Inverter stops operating after the input current has risen above
1 A, turn the Conext Inverter off, remove DC power, and inspect the ground
fault protection fuse. If the fuse has blown, a DC wiring problem could exist.
Check all DC wiring to make sure the Conext Inverter is connected to a
single PV array.
6. Run the disconnect test (see “Disconnect Test” on page 4–6).
7. Proceed to the next Conext Inverter and perform the same test. See
Figure 4-2 for an example of the recommended commissioning sequence.
1
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
2
3
Figure 4-2 Commissioning sequence for multiple Conext Inverters
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Starting the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Disconnect Test
The disconnect test is designed to verify correct operation of the Conext Inverter
both on initial operation and periodically through its life as required by the local
utility. This test makes sure the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter does not send
electricity to the utility grid when the local utility has shut off the grid for repairs or
when the utility wiring is damaged.
When operation of the Conext Inverter has been verified and the Conext Inverter
is producing power, run the disconnect test as described in this procedure.
To run the disconnect test:
1. Switch off the AC breaker for the circuit connected to the Conext Inverter.
2. Have someone watch the front panel of the Conext Inverter to make sure the
green light on the front of the Conext Inverter goes out within two seconds.
The green light goes out when the AC circuit is switched off, disconnecting
the Conext Inverter from the AC grid. The front panel display will show an AC
Fault display, indicating that the AC is out of the operating range.
3. Switch on the AC circuit for the Conext Inverter.
The Conext Inverter responds by starting its 305 second protection timer.
Make sure the Conext Inverter does not produce power before the
countdown is over. After completing the countdown, the green light turns on
and the Conext Inverter begins delivering power. The display returns to
showing the power being produced and the total kWh produced to date.
NOTICE
The default voltage, frequency, and reconnect delay values are programmed
into the Conext Inverter at the time of shipment from the factory. With the
utility’s approval, these settings can be adjusted in the field using the
GTConfigLite software tool. See “Adjustable Voltage, Frequency, and
Reconnection Settings” on page A–12.
4. If you have another Conext Inverter to commission, switch off the AC circuit
for the Conext Inverter you have just commissioned and tested by switching
off the breaker on the main panel. You can then run the commissioning
procedure and disconnect test on the next Conext Inverter.
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Locating the Firmware Version Number
Locating the Firmware Version Number
The firmware version number for the protection processor is visible on a screen
that appears when the Conext Inverter is started or is powered up after switching
the DC/AC disconnect switch to ON. The screen reads:
Flash = 03.xx
ROM = 03.xx
The number appearing after ROM is the firmware version number for the
protection processor.
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5
Monitoring the
Conext Grid Tie
Solar Inverter
Chapter 5 contains information about the
LCD screens and the LED indicators.
The topics in this chapter are organized as
follows:
• “Monitoring the Front Panel Display” on
page 5–2
• “Front Panel Display Screens and What
They Mean” on page 5–3
• “Status Indicator Lights” on page 5–12
Monitoring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Monitoring the Front Panel Display
During startup
During startup, the Conext Inverter’s front panel LCD (see Figure 5-1 on page
5–2) shows the screens described in Table 5-1, “Startup screens on Conext
Inverter front panel display” on page 5–3.
During waiting
period
When the 305 second protection timer begins, the Conext Inverter displays
“Reconnecting in sss seconds” (see Table 5-10, “Special message screens” on
page 5–10).
During operation
When the protection timer stops, the Conext Inverter begins delivering power,
indicated by the power output reading in the display (see Table 5-2, “Normal
operation default screen” on page 5–5).
When the Conext
Inverter is offline or
a fault condition
exists
When the Conext Inverter is offline (at night, for example) or a fault condition has
been detected, the LCD displays a message to indicate that the Conext Inverter
is offline and to identify the specific fault condition. See Table 5-5, “Offline mode
default display” on page 5–7 and Table 5-8, “Fault message screens” on page
5–8.
NOTICE
If both DC and AC power supplies are either not present or too low, then the
front panel LCD will be blank.
Tap the front panel for backlight
and status screens
Figure 5-1 Front panel LCD
Viewing more
information
5–2
Additional information screens about the performance of the Conext Inverter can
be displayed by tapping the Conext Inverter’s front panel. This causes the LCD
to cycle through a series of information screens in normal operation, offline, or
fault modes. These are described in detail in the following section, “Front Panel
Display Screens and What They Mean”.
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Front Panel Display Screens and What They Mean
Front Panel Display Screens and What They Mean
NOTICE
For the tables in this section, all numbers are examples only. Your model,
revision numbers, and performance data will vary.
The front panel display shows different message screens during different modes
of operation (Startup, Normal, Offline, and Fault). All single Conext Inverters
display a basic set of message screens. Multiple Conext Inverter systems
display additional screens in Normal Operation and Offline modes.
In addition, special message screens might appear in any operational mode. All
these message screens are described in the following tables.
Startup Mode
During startup, the Conext Inverter displays several message screens on its front
panel LCD. These screens appear in the following order:
Table 5-1 Startup screens on Conext Inverter front panel display
Display
Duration
Description
Power 5000W 5 seconds Startup message 1: Maximum output power and
NA-240/208V
Region-nominal output voltage.
Flash = 03.09
..ROM = 03.00
5 seconds Startup message 2: Model and revision numbers
for Flash and ROM memory on the Conext Inverter.
The ROM revision number applies to the protection
processor.
Vh= 266V
Clr t < 1.00s
3 seconds Vh: Phase-to-phase (RMS) high threshold voltage
setting. The threshold at which the Conext Inverter
disconnects itself from the power grid when
abnormally high phase-to-phase AC voltage is
detected.*
Clr t: Clear time.†
Vl= 177V
Clr t < 2.00s
3 seconds Vl: Phase-to-phase (RMS) low threshold voltage
setting. The threshold at which the Conext Inverter
disconnects itself from the power grid when
abnormally low phase-to-phase AC voltage is
detected.
Clr t: Clear time.†
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Monitoring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Table 5-1 Startup screens on Conext Inverter front panel display
Display
Vph= 130V
Clr t < 1.00s
Duration
Description
3 seconds Vph:Phase-to-neutral (RMS) high threshold voltage
setting. The threshold at which the Conext Inverter
disconnects itself from the power grid when
abnormally high phase-to-neutral AC voltage is
detected.
Clr t: Clear time.†
Vpl= 107V
Clr t < 2.00s
3 seconds Vpl: Phase-to-neutral (RMS) low threshold voltage
setting. The threshold at which the Conext Inverter
disconnects itself from the power grid when
abnormally low phase-to-neutral AC voltage is
detected.
Clr t: Clear time.†
Fh= 60.4Hz
Clr t < 0.16s
3 seconds Fh: Frequency high threshold setting. The
threshold at which the Conext Inverter disconnects
itself from the power grid when abnormally high
frequency is detected.
Clr t: Clear time.†
Fl= 59.4Hz
Clr t < 0.16s
3 seconds Fl: Frequency low threshold setting. The threshold
at which the Conext Inverter disconnects itself
from the power grid when abnormally low
frequency is detected.
Clr t: Clear time.†
Reconnect Delay 3 seconds Setting for the reconnect delay for the protection
305.00s
timer. After a fault clears for the specified clear
time, the protection timer starts counting down
before the Conext Inverter attempts to deliver
power to the grid.
*The voltage and frequency thresholds, clear times, and reconnect delay can be adjusted
for multiple inverter systems producing 30 kW or more (with the permission of the local utility)
using GTConfigLite software.
†The clear time is the total time to disconnect the output from the grid. It is the sum of the
debounce time and the hardware delay time. The debounce time is the protection processor
waiting time before it declares a fault. This delay is necessary to avoid nuisance trips.
The protection timer begins counting down the reconnect delay during startup
and the Reconnecting in sss seconds screen appears until the timer
countdown is complete.
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Front Panel Display Screens and What They Mean
Normal Operation Mode
The LCD on the Conext Inverter is refreshed every two seconds, so all readings
are current to within two seconds. A default display is available at all times, and a
series of additional screens can be displayed by tapping the Conext Inverter’s
front panel.
Normal operation
default display
After the protection timer has completed its countdown and during normal
operation, the Conext Inverter displays the following normal operation message
screen:
Table 5-2 Normal operation default screen
Display*
System 5000W
Today 9.875kWh
Description
Power being produced by the system now and
cumulative energy produced by the system today.
*All numbers in this table and the following tables are examples only.
If sufficient energy from the PV array is provided, the default screen is displayed
continuously while the system is operating normally. In a multiple inverter system
with communications cables properly connected, the power and cumulative
energy values displayed are for the entire system.
During low light conditions when the Conext Inverter cannot produce any power,
the normal operation default screen flashes alternately (every two seconds) with
the Insufficient Solar Energy screen (see Table 5-10 on page 5–10).
More screens for
all systems
In addition to the default normal operation display, additional system information
messages can be viewed.
To view more normal operation information:
•
Tap the front panel to advance the display to the next screen. Normal
operation screens shown in Table 5-3 are displayed in the order given, as
you tap successively on the Conext Inverter. They are common to all Conext
Inverter systems, no matter how many Conext Inverters are installed.
If you continue to tap the front panel, the LCD continues to cycle through all of
the available normal operation screens. Each screen is displayed for a maximum
of 30 seconds. If you do not tap again during that time period, the LCD backlight
turns off and the display reverts to the default system message screen.
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Monitoring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Table 5-3 Normal operation screens
Tap
Display*
Description
1st
System 5000W
Today 2.500kWh
LCD backlight turns on for better readability
and default Normal Operation screen is
displayed.
2nd
System Lifetime
305kWh
Lifetime energy produced by the Conext
Inverter system.
3rd
Time Online
Today hh:mm:ss
Length of time Conext Inverter has been online
today, in hours (hh), minutes (mm) and
seconds (ss).
4th
Array Readings
350.5V 8.4A
Immediate DC voltage and current readings
from the PV array.
5th
Grid Readings
242.6V 60.0Hz
Immediate AC voltage and frequency readings
from the grid.
6th
XanBus 250Kbps
Tx:OK Rx:OK
Xanbus network baud rate, transmitter, and
receiver status.
*In a multiple inverter system with network cables properly installed, the System values
displayed are for the entire system. For example, in a two-inverter system, if Conext Inverter
1 is producing 1500 W and Conext Inverter 2 is producing 2000 W, both Conext Inverters
display a total system power of 3500 W. Time Online and Array Readings are for
the local Conext Inverter and PV array associated with that Conext Inverter.
Additional screens
for multiple inverter
systems
In addition to the normal system message screens, additional screens specific to
each Conext Inverter can be displayed when it is networked to other Conext
Inverters. These screens are only available on multiple inverter systems.
To view single inverter-specific screens in a multiple inverter system:
1. Tap the Conext Inverter’s front panel to advance the display to the next
screen. Continue tapping until the final system message screen (“Grid
Readings”, in Table 5-3 above) is displayed.
2. Tap again. Normal operation screens shown in Table 5-4 are displayed in the
order given, as you tap successively on the Conext Inverter.
If you continue to tap the Conext Inverter, the LCD will cycle through all of the
available normal operation screens. Each message is displayed for up to 30
seconds. If you do not tap again within that time period, then the LCD backlight
turns off and the display reverts to the default normal operation screen
(Table 5-2).
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Front Panel Display Screens and What They Mean
Table 5-4 Additional normal operation screens for each Conext Inverter in a
multiple inverter system
Tap
Display
Description
7th
Unit 5000W
Today 1.250kWh
8th
Unit Lifetime
150kWh
Power being produced by this Conext Inverter
now and cumulative energy produced by this
Conext Inverter today.
Lifetime energy produced by this Conext
Inverter.
Offline Mode
Offline default
display
At night and when no power is being produced by the PV array (offline mode),
the Conext Inverter displays the screen shown in Table 5-5.
Table 5-5 Offline mode default display
Display
Description
Displayed at all times while the system is offline.
Inverter
Offline
Offline messages
for all systems
Additional message screens can be viewed when the system is offline by
tapping the Conext Inverter’s front panel. Each additional tap displays the next
screen, in the order shown in Table 5-6.
These message screens are common to all Conext Inverter systems, no matter
how many Conext Inverters are installed. If you continue to tap the Conext
Inverter, then the LCD will continue to cycle through all of the available offline
mode screens.
Table 5-6 Offline mode screens for all Conext Inverters
Tap
Display*
Description
1st
Inverter
Offline
LCD backlight turns on for better readability
and default offline mode screen is displayed.
2nd
System 0W
Today 2.50kWh
Power being produced by the system now and
cumulative energy produced by the system
today.
3rd
System Lifetime
305kWh
Lifetime energy produced by the system.
4th
Time Online
hh:mm:ss
Total time that the system was online today, in
hours (hh), minutes (mm), and seconds (ss).
*In a multiple inverter system with communications cables properly installed, the System
values displayed are for the entire system. Time Online is for the local Conext Inverter.
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Monitoring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Additional offline
messages for
multiple inverter
systems
Multiple inverter systems in offline mode display all the message screens shown
in Table 5-6, plus the additional screens shown in Table 5-7. These additional
screens are displayed following the Time Online screen.
These screens are displayed only in multiple inverter systems with
communications cables installed. If you continue to tap the Conext Inverter, the
LCD continues to cycle through all of the available offline mode screens.
Table 5-7 Additional offline mode screens for each Conext Inverter in a multiple
inverter system
Tap
Display
Description
5th
Unit 0W
Today 1.25kWh
6th
Unit Lifetime
150kWh
Power being produced by this Conext Inverter
now and cumulative energy produced by this
Conext Inverter today.
Lifetime energy produced by this Conext
Inverter.
Fault Mode
When a fault state is detected, the appropriate fault message appears on the
front panel display at the next screen refresh (within 2 seconds). The Conext
Inverter fault message screens are shown in Table 5-8. The numbers used in
Table 5-8 are examples of what could display when a fault is present.
Fault Mode causes
These message screens only appear when a fault exists, and then they flash
alternately with the Inverter Offline default screen (Table 5-5) until the fault
is corrected.
Table 5-8 Fault message screens
Display
DC Voltage Fault
145.5V
Appears When...
The actual DC voltage is over or under the allowable
range. Self-clearing, no action required.
The PV array should be configured such that DC voltage
falls within the input voltage maximum power point range
as specified for your model in “Electrical Specifications” in
Appendix A.*
AC Voltage Fault
280V
The actual AC voltage is over or under the allowable range,
as specified in “Electrical Specifications” in Appendix A.
This is a utility fault. It will clear itself when the AC voltage
comes within the specified range.† If the fault does not
clear, a phase-to-neutral line might not be connected
properly.
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Front Panel Display Screens and What They Mean
Table 5-8 Fault message screens
Display
Appears When...
AC Current Fault
The AC output current is over the allowable limit (0.5 A less
than the maximum output fault current). See “Electrical
Specifications” in Appendix A. The message clears after
15 seconds if the output current falls below the limit.
Frequency Fault
47.0Hz
The actual frequency is over or under the allowable range,
as specified in “Electrical Specifications” in Appendix A.
This is a utility fault. It will clear itself when the frequency
comes within the specified range.†
Over Temp Fault
90.4C 194.7F
The Conext Inverter’s internal temperature is greater than
88° C (190° F). The Conext Inverter will shut down
automatically and only restart when the temperature has
dropped below 78° C (172° F).
Ground Fault
Reset System
A grounding fault is detected. The ground fault fuse will be
blown. The system must be shut down completely, the fault
must be corrected, and the fuse must be replaced (see
“Replacing the Ground Fault Protection Fuse” on
page 6–5). Then, the system must be restarted.
Troubleshooting a grounding fault must be performed by
qualified personnel, such as a certified electrician or
technician.
Unit Shutdown
via Remote
The Conext Inverter has been shut down via a computer
connected to the RS–232 port.
Protection uP
Not Responding
The protection microprocessor is not responding.
*It is normal to receive this fault during low light conditions at dawn or dusk. At such times,
the array does not have sufficient energy to power the Conext Inverter, so the PV voltage
drops below the lower limit of the maximum power point range occasionally.
†Grid fault. When this fault is cleared the protection timer will begin its countdown and you
will see the Reconnecting in sss seconds and Inverter Offline special screens
(see Table 5-10) flashing alternately until the countdown is complete.
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5–9
Monitoring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Additional Fault
messages for all
systems
Additional message screens can be viewed in fault mode by tapping the Conext
Inverter’s front panel. Each additional tap displays the next screen in the order
shown in Table 5-9.
Table 5-9 Additional fault mode screens
Tap
Display*
1st
Current fault message LCD backlight turns on for better readability.
screen (see Table 5-8)
Description
2nd
System 0W
Today 2.500kWh
Energy being produced by the system now and
cumulative energy produced by the system
today.
3rd
System Lifetime
305kWh
Lifetime energy produced by the system.
4th
Time Online
Today hh:mm:ss
Length of time Conext Inverter online today, in
hours (hh), minutes (mm), and seconds (ss).
5th
Array Readings
350.5V 8.4A
Immediate DC voltage and current readings of
power from the PV array.
6th
Grid Readings
242.6V 60.0Hz
Immediate AC voltage and frequency readings
of power from the grid.
*In a multiple inverter system with network cables installed, the System values displayed
are for the entire system. Time Online and Array Readings are for the local Conext
Inverter and PV array associated with that Conext Inverter.
Special Screens
Special message screens are displayed in specific situations that are not
considered fault situations. They can appear in any mode of operation. These
screens are described in Table 5-10.
Table 5-10 Special message screens
Display
Description
Reconnecting in
sss seconds
Inverter
Offline
5–10
Time remaining in seconds (sss) before the Conext
Inverter reconnects to the grid. This is a protection
timer. It runs for approximately five minutes at startup
and after any grid fault.
Conext Inverter switching (or has switched) from normal
operation to offline mode. This screen might flash
alternately with a fault message screen.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
Front Panel Display Screens and What They Mean
Table 5-10 Special message screens
Display
System *9600W
Today 15.56kWh
Unit *4800W
Today 7.82kWh
Description
The asterisk (*) in these two screens (see Table 5-2 and
Table 5-4) indicates that the Conext Inverter is derating
its output power because the heat sink temperature is
above 84° C (183° F).
The asterisk only appears when the power is actually
being limited by the Conext Inverter.
Insufficient
Solar Energy
Indicates the Conext Inverter is not producing power
due to insufficient solar energy during low light
conditions in early morning or late afternoon or when
the PV array is in shade. This screen flashes alternately
with the normal operation default screen.
Custom Screens
Two custom screens are available. The Conext Inverter does not display them
unless they are configured using Conext View (see page 3–26). If programmed,
the custom screens display as the fourth and fifth screens during the startup
sequence. They can also be viewed by tapping the Conext Inverter during
normal operation and fault mode.
The first custom screen is intended for the home owner to display information
such as the name or location of the PV array associated with the Conext Inverter.
The second custom screen is intended for installers, who can configure the
screen to display, for example, contact information for service.
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5–11
Monitoring the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
Status Indicator Lights
The Conext Inverter has two status indicator lights (LEDs) located below the front
panel LCD (Figure 5-2). These LEDs indicate the Conext Inverter’s status
(Table 5-11) and assist in troubleshooting the performance of the Conext
Inverter.
Only one indicator light will be lit at any time.
Table 5-11 Status indicator LEDs
LED on
Means
Green
Conext Inverter is on (DC voltage and AC voltage are qualified
and the protection timer has finished) and delivering power. No
action required. Turns off when a fault state is detected.
Red
Ground fault condition detected. Check for any fault messages
on the display (see Table 5-8), and refer to Table 6-1,
“Troubleshooting the Conext Inverter” on page 6–12 to resolve
the fault condition.
Green LED
Red LED
Figure 5-2 Status indicator lights
5–12
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6
Maintenance and
Troubleshooting
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• The Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter has no user serviceable parts inside. It
must be installed and serviced only by qualified personnel equipped with
appropriate personal protective equipment and following safe electrical
work practices.
• The Conext Inverter is energized from two sources: PV array while exposed
to light and AC grid. Before opening doors or covers, consult the system
diagram to identify all sources; de-energize, lock out, and tag out all
sources; and wait at least five minutes for internal capacitors to discharge
to safe voltages.
• Before servicing, test using a meter rated at least 1000 volts AC and DC to
make sure all circuits are de-energized.
• The Conext Inverter is provided with integral PV ground fault protection.
Normally GROUNDED conductors might be UNGROUNDED and
ENERGIZED when a GROUND FAULT is indicated. Disconnect all sources
of power before opening.
• The Conext Inverter employs field adjustable voltage and frequency set
points and time delays that are factory set in compliance with local utility
and safety requirements and can be changed only by trained technicians
with approval by both the local utility and equipment owner.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Chapter 6 contains information on general
maintenance of the Conext Grid Tie Solar
Inverter. It also provides information about
troubleshooting the Conext Inverter.
The topics in this chapter are organized as
follows:
• “Factors Affecting Conext Grid Tie Solar
Inverter Performance” on page 6–2
• “Performing General Maintenance” on
page 6–4
• “Replacing Parts” on page 6–4
• “Identifying Error/Fault Conditions and
Solutions” on page 6–11.
Factors Affecting Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter Performance
This section describes several factors that affect the amount of power a properly
installed and operating Conext Inverter can produce.
PV Array Factors
PV array ratings
PV arrays are rated under standardized conditions, such as specified illumination
(1000 W/m2), spectrum of the light, and specified temperature (77 °F / 25 °C),
which seldom reflect real-world installations. This is called the STC (Standard
Test Condition) rating and is the figure that appears on the PV module nameplate
label.
Expected
performance
Due to several unavoidable environmental factors, you can expect your PV array
to produce around 60% to 70% of its peak STC-rated output for a properly
designed and installed PV system on a typical day.
Temperature and
reduced output
PV array temperature affects the output of the entire system. As the temperature
on the array surface rises, its energy output decreases. Roof-mounted arrays
also collect the heat generated by the roof surface (or trapped under the array)
and will produce less output than pole-mounted arrays, which allow greater air
circulation behind the panels.
6–2
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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Factors Affecting Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter Performance
NOTICE
The Conext Inverter will reduce its energy output to help protect its electronic
circuits from overheating and to help protect from possible damage in high
heat conditions. For maximum output in hot climates, mount the Conext
Inverter in a shaded location with good air flow.
Angle of the sun
The angle of the sun in relation to the PV array surface—the array
orientation—can dramatically affect the PV array output. The array energy output
will vary depending on the time of day and time of year as the sun’s angle in
relation to the array changes. Incident sunlight decreases when the sun is near
the horizons (such as in winter in North America) due to the greater atmospheric
air mass that must be penetrated. This reduces both the light intensity that strikes
the array’s surface and the spectrum of the light. In general, you can expect only
four to six hours of direct sunlight per day.
Partial shade
Shading of only a single module of the array will reduce the output of the entire
system. Such shading can be caused by something as simple as the shadow of
a utility wire or tree branch on part of the array’s surface. This condition acts like
a weak battery in a flashlight, reducing the total output even though the other
batteries are good. However, the output loss is not proportional to the shading.
The Conext Inverter is designed to maximize its energy production in all of the
above situations using its MPPT algorithm. The shade tolerance algorithm can be
enabled and disabled using Conext View. For instructions, see the Conext View
User’s Guide (Document Part Number 975-0611-01-01) available with the
software. For information on installing Conext View, see “Communications Wiring
for Monitoring a Single Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter” on page 3–26. For more
information on shade-tolerant MPPT optimization, see the white paper,
“Photovoltaic String Inverters and Shade-Tolerant Maximum Power Point
Tracking: Toward Optimal Harvest Efficiency and Maximum ROI” for more
information, available at http://www.se-renbu-docs.com/SEShadeTolerantWP.pdf.
Other Factors
Other factors that contribute to system losses are:
•
Dust or dirt on the array
•
Fog or smog
•
Mismatched PV array modules, with slight inconsistencies in performance
from one module to another
•
Conext Inverter efficiency
•
Wire losses
•
Utility grid voltage
For additional information and technical notes concerning PV array performance,
see www.schneider-electric.com.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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6–3
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Performing General Maintenance
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• Use caution when working around sources of DC power. Although the
DC/AC disconnect switch disconnects the Conext Inverter from DC power,
hazardous voltages from paralleled PV strings will still be present upstream
of the switch and inside the wiring box. Isolate or disconnect all sources of
electricity before making any connections, make sure the DC/AC
disconnect switch is set to OFF (see Figure 3-10 on page 3–11), and
always test for voltage before touching exposed wiring or devices. If the
system does not provide a PV disconnect device, cover the PV array with
opaque (dark) material.
• Before attempting any maintenance or cleaning or working on any circuits
connected to the Conext Inverter, consult the system diagram to identify all
sources and then de-energize, lock out, and tag out all sources. Internal
capacitors remain charged for five minutes after disconnecting all sources
of power.
• Do not use a pressure washer to clean the Conext Inverter, and do not use
other cleaning methods that could allow water to enter the Conext Inverter.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Follow these simple routines to ensure many years of service and optimal
performance of your solar energy system:
•
Keep the heat sink clear of dust and debris.
•
Clean the PV array during the cool part of the day whenever it is visibly dirty.
•
Periodically inspect the system to make sure that all wiring and supports are
securely in place.
•
Maintain a log of system performance readings so that you can recognize
when system performance becomes inconsistent.
Replacing Parts
DANGER
shock
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
The Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter has no user serviceable parts inside. It
must be installed and serviced only by qualified personnel equipped with
appropriate personal protective equipment and following safe electrical work
practices.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
6–4
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
Replacing Parts
See “Warranty and Return Information” on page WA–1 for information on how to
get service for your Conext Inverter.
Replacing the Ground Fault Protection Fuse
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• Conext Inverter fuses must be replaced only by qualified service
personnel, such as a certified electrician or technician using appropriate
personal protective equipment and following safe work procedures.
• After disconnecting both AC and DC power from the Conext Inverter, wait
five minutes before attempting troubleshooting or maintenance on any
circuits connected to the Conext Inverter to allow internal capacitors to
discharge to a safe state.
• Isolate or disconnect all sources of electricity during this procedure. If the
system does not provide a PV disconnect device, cover the PV array with
opaque (dark) material. Otherwise, leakage current from the ungrounded
conductor to ground at the array can cause the grounded lead to become
a shock hazard even with the DC/AC disconnect switch turned OFF.
• Use insulated fuse pullers or fuse holders.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
HAZARD OF FIRE
For continued protection against risk of fire, replace only with same type and
rating of fuse. Use UL/CSA listed fuses only.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
The ground fault protection fuse will blow when excessive leakage current occurs
between the PV array and earth ground or when the system has been installed
with deficient wiring. Before replacing the fuse, it is important to have qualified
service personnel, such as a certified electrician or technician, determine the
cause of the ground fault. The Conext Inverter also has an AC overcurrent
protection fuse (see Figure 6-2 on page 6–7) that also must be replaced only by
qualified service personnel.
To replace a ground fault protection fuse:
1. Isolate or disconnect all sources of electricity, turn the DC/AC disconnect
switch OFF, and turn the AC breaker in the main utility service panel OFF. If
the system does not provide a PV disconnect device, cover the PV array with
opaque (dark) material.
2. Remove the wiring/disconnect box cover, as described on page 3–8.
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6–5
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3. Use an appropriately-rated meter to make sure no DC or AC voltages are
present.
4. Remove the display front panel cover (see Figure 6-1), located below the
heat sink. Use a Phillips screwdriver to remove the two external panhead
screws and washers and the two screws along the bottom edge of the cover.
The ground fault protection fuse is located to the left side of the LCD panel
(see Figure 6-2).
5. Using an insulated fuse puller, remove the blown fuse and replace it with a
new AC/DC midget cartridge, rated 600 VDC, 1A (Littelfuse KLKD 1 or
equivalent).
6. Replace the display front panel cover and tighten all four screws securely.
7. Replace the wiring/disconnect box cover (see instructions on page 4–3).
Figure 6-1 Display front panel assembly
6–6
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
Replacing Parts
Ground fault
protection fuse
LCD
AC overcurrent
protection fuse
Figure 6-2 Location of fuse (front panel cover removed)
Replacing the Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter
NOTICE
Only replace a Conext Inverter with another Conext Inverter that is the same
model and grounding scheme.
If your Conext Inverter requires servicing, you can replace it with another Conext
Inverter of the same model, leaving the existing wiring box in place. This means
that you do not have to disturb wiring connections in the wiring/disconnect box.
However, you do have to disconnect wiring between the Conext Inverter and the
wiring/disconnect box.
Recommended tools:
•
Insulated screwdriver
•
Wire nuts
•
7 mm socket and small ratchet or 7 mm open wrench
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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6–7
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
• Replacement of the Conext Inverter must be done only by qualified service
personnel, such as a certified electrician or technician using appropriate
personal protective equipment and following safe electrical work practices.
• The Conext Inverter is energized from two sources: PV array while exposed
to light and AC grid. Before opening doors or covers, consult the system
diagram to identify all sources; de-energize, lock out, and tag out all
sources.
• After disconnecting both DC and AC power from the Conext Inverter, wait
five minutes before attempting troubleshooting or maintenance on any
circuit connected to the Conext Inverter. This will allow internal capacitors
to discharge to a safe state.
• Turn OFF the AC breaker in the main utility service panel and the DC/AC
disconnect switch on the Conext Inverter. Isolate or disconnect all sources
of electricity. If the system does not provide a PV disconnect device, cover
the PV array with opaque (dark) material. Otherwise, leakage current from
the ungrounded conductor to ground at the array can cause the grounded
lead to become a shock hazard even with the DC/AC disconnect switch
turned OFF.
• The Conext Inverter should be removed from the wiring box only when a
replacement Conext Inverter is immediately available. Do not leave the top
of the wiring box exposed for extended periods of time.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
To remove the Conext Inverter from the wiring box:
1. Turn OFF the AC breaker in the main utility service panel and the DC/AC
disconnect switch on the Conext Inverter. Isolate or disconnect all sources of
electricity. If the system does not provide a PV disconnect device, cover the
PV array with opaque (dark) material.
2. Remove the wiring/disconnect box cover, and then remove the display front
panel cover (see Figure 3-4 on page 3–8 and Figure 6-1 on page 6–6).
3. Use an appropriately rated meter to check that no DC or AC voltages are
present at the disconnect box input terminals and Conext Inverter terminal
blocks.
4. Disconnect any network cables from the Conext Inverter.
5. Label the DC and AC wires connected to the Conext Inverter terminal blocks
so they can be installed in the correct location on the replacement Conext
Inverter.
6. Disconnect all DC and AC wires from the Conext Inverter terminal blocks,
pull the wires into the wiring/disconnect box, and cap all disconnected AC
and DC wire ends with wire nuts.
6–8
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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Replacing Parts
7. Inside the Conext Inverter, remove the four nuts attaching the wiring box to
the Conext Inverter. See Figure 6-3.
8. Lift the Conext Inverter off the mounting bracket leaving the wiring box in
place.
9. Make sure the gasket on the wiring/disconnect box is clean and undamaged.
The gasket must create a water-tight seal between the Conext Inverter and
the wiring/disconnect box.
10. If the replacement Conext Inverter is not immediately available, make sure
the wiring box is protected from the weather.
Four nuts to
secure Conext
Inverter
Gasket
Figure 6-3 Wiring/disconnect box and removable Conext Inverter
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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6–9
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Back view
Top mounting hook goes over
wall-mounted bracket
Lower flange goes behind
wiring/disconnect box
Wiring/ disconnect box
permanently mounted
to bracket
Figure 6-4 Conext Inverter and wiring/disconnect box sections
To replace the Conext Inverter on the wiring box:
1. If it has not already been removed, remove the wiring/disconnect box cover
(see Figure 3-4 on page 3–8).
2. Disconnect the PV power by re-covering the PV arrays and/or turning off any
external switches.
3. If it has not already been removed, remove the display front panel cover on
the Conext Inverter (see Figure 6-1 on page 6–6).
4. Mount the Conext Inverter on the upper mounting bracket above the
wiring/disconnect box, making sure the Conext Inverter’s lower flange goes
behind the wiring/disconnect box. See Figure 6-4.
5. Replace the nuts that connect the Conext Inverter and the wiring/disconnect
box. Tighten each nut alternately to clamp the gasket between the Conext
Inverter and wiring/disconnect box. Secure all nuts tightly, and torque to
1.8–2.0 Nm (16–17.7 in-lb).
a) Uncap the DC wires and reconnect them to the terminals inside the
Conext Inverter. Insert the GROUNDED wire from the wiring/disconnect
box into the PV- terminal block connection inside the Conext Inverter.
Insert the UNGROUNDED wire from the wiring/disconnect box into the
PV+ terminal block connection inside the Conext Inverter.
b) Torque terminal block connection screws to 1.0 Nm (8.9 in-lb).
6–10
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This chapter is for use by qualified personnel only.
Identifying Error/Fault Conditions and Solutions
6. Uncap the AC wires and reconnect them to the terminals inside the Conext
Inverter:
a) Insert the BLACK wire from the wiring/disconnect box into the L1 terminal
block connection inside the Conext Inverter.
b) Insert the RED wire from the wiring/disconnect box into the L2 terminal
block connection inside the Conext Inverter.
c) Insert the WHITE wire from the wiring/disconnect box into the Neutral
terminal block connection inside the Conext Inverter.
d) Torque terminal block connection screws to 1.0 Nm (8.9 in-lb).
7. Re-connect any communications cables, and then make sure all connections
are correctly wired and secured. Re-install the display front panel cover and
wiring/disconnect box cover.
8. Follow the startup procedure as described on page 4–2.
Identifying Error/Fault Conditions and Solutions
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, FIRE, OR ARC FLASH
Only qualified personnel equipped with appropriate personal protective
equipment and following safe electrical practices should attempt to
troubleshoot the Conext Inverter.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Most error or fault conditions will be identified by fault message screens on the
Conext Inverter’s front panel LCD. These are described in the “Fault Mode”
section on page 5–8 of this manual. Most of these fault conditions are
self-correcting and require no action to remedy. See “Front Panel Display
Screens and What They Mean” on page 5–3 for more information.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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6–11
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Table 6-1 is intended to assist in determining fault conditions that might require
action to remedy.
Table 6-1 Troubleshooting the Conext Inverter
Problem
Possible Cause
The Conext Inverter’s LED
indicators and display are blank
and the Conext Inverter does not
operate in sufficient sunlight.
DC/AC disconnect switch is OFF. Turn on DC/AC disconnect
switch and breakers in the
sequence described in “Startup
Procedure” on page 4–2.
The display reads Inverter
Offline and AC Voltage
Fault.
Utility service panel breakers are
switched off.
Turn on utility panel breakers.
AC grid voltage is not present or
incorrect.
Check AC connections at the
Conext Inverter’s terminals. Make
sure AC voltage within the range
specified in “Output” in
Appendix A is present.
DC breakers are switched off (if
installed), or external DC fuses
are blown (if installed).
Turn on any DC breakers and
check any DC fuses.
DC array voltage is not present.
Check DC connections at the
Conext Inverter’s positive and
negative DC terminals. Check for
incorrectly wired PV arrays.
The display reads Inverter
Offline and DC Voltage
Fault with sufficient sunlight.
DC voltage is present but
incorrect.
Check DC connections at the
Conext Inverter’s positive and
negative DC terminals. Check for
incorrectly wired PV arrays. Make
sure a voltage within the
operating voltage range is
present at the Conext Inverter’s
terminals.
Only the red LED is illuminated
and the display reads Ground
Fault.
Ground fault condition detected
on the PV array.
The PV system should be
checked and repaired. See
Table 5-8 on page 5–8.
The display reads Inverter
Offline with sufficient sunlight.
6–12
Solution
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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Identifying Error/Fault Conditions and Solutions
Table 6-1 Troubleshooting the Conext Inverter
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
The System value (power being
produced by the system)
displayed on each Conext
Inverter’s LCD is different on
Conext Inverters connected to
the same daisy-chained network.
Conext Inverters can display
different System values when
one of the Conext Inverters is set
to a different baud rate than the
rest. That particular Conext
Inverter’s baud rate screen
shows “--” for Tx and/or Rx (see
Table 5-3 on page 5–6).
Check each Conext Inverter’s
baud rate and compare the
settings. Each Conext Inverter
must have the same baud rate.
Change any Conext Inverters
with an inconsistent baud rate,
making sure to follow the
recommended procedure
supplied in the baud rate change
procedure application note
(976-0216-01-01 available on
www.schneider-electric.com/
renewable-energies).
A standalone Conext Inverter’s
display shows one of the
following:
Xanbus communication is not
established because a
Xanbus-enabled device is not
connected to the Conext
Inverter, or interference is
present in the communications
path to Xanbus-enabled devices.
This is expected behavior if the
standalone Conext Inverter is not
connected to a Xanbus-enabled
device, and no action is
required. If Xanbus
communication is required, make
sure the Conext Inverter is
connected to a Xanbus-enabled
device.
XanBus 250 Kbps
TX:OK RX:-XanBus 250 Kbps
TX:-- RX:OK
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
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6–13
6–14
A
Specifications
Appendix A contains specifications for the
Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter.
The topics in this appendix are organized
as follows:
• “Electrical Specifications” on page A–2
• “Output Power Versus Ambient
Temperature” on page A–13
• “Environmental Specifications” on
page A–13
• “User Display” on page A–13
• “Mechanical Specifications” on
page A–14
• “Regulatory Approvals” on page A–14
Specifications
Electrical Specifications
Conext TX 5000 NA
Input
Model number
878–5001
PV input voltage, Maximum Power Point range Certified operating range: 240–550 VDC
Absolute maximum array open circuit voltage
600 VDC
Maximum PV input current
22.5 ADC (240 VAC); 20.5 ADC (208 VAC)
Maximum array short circuit current
24 ADC @ STC
PV reverse polarity protection
Shunt diode
Array grounding
Array negative is grounded internally via 1 A fuse
PV ground fault protection
GF detection when 1 A fuse clears
Output
Nominal AC output voltage
240 VAC
208 VAC
Maximum AC output power
5000 W
4500 W
212–263 VAC
184–228 VAC
AC operating range, utility voltage (phase to phase)*
AC operating range, utility voltage (phase to neutral)*
106.1–131.5 VAC
AC nominal output frequency
60 Hz
AC operating range, utility frequency*
59.3–60.5 Hz
Startup current
0A
Maximum AC continuous output current
21 A
22 A
Maximum output fault current
30 A
Maximum output overcurrent protection (internal AC
fuse rating)
30 A
Maximum utility backfeed current
0A
Total harmonic distortion
Power factor
Utility monitoring
Output characteristics
Output current waveform
< 3%
> 0.99 (at rated power); > 0.95 (full power range)
AC voltage, frequency, and anti-islanding
protection
Current source
Sine wave
*Factory settings can be adjusted with the approval of the utility. The Conext Inverter is provided with adjustable trip limits
and can be aggregated above 30 kW on a single Point of Common Coupling. See “Adjustable Voltage, Frequency, and
Reconnection Settings” on page A–12.
A–2
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
Electrical Specifications
Efficiency
Output Voltage
240 VAC
208 VAC
Maximum peak efficiency
96.7%
96.4%
CEC efficiency
96.0%
95.5%
Nighttime tare loss
1.25 W
1W
240
300
480
Values in legend are VDC.
Figure A-1 Conext TX 5000 NA 240 VAC typical efficiency
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
A–3
Specifications
240
300
480
Values in legend are VDC.
Figure A-2 Conext TX 5000 NA 208 VAC typical efficiency
Conext TX 3800 NA
Input
Model number
878–3801
PV input voltage, Maximum Power Point range
Certified operating range: 195–550 VDC
Absolute maximum array open circuit voltage
600 VDC
Maximum PV input current
20.8 ADC (240 VAC), 19.5 ADC (208 VAC)
Maximum array short circuit current
24 ADC @ STC
PV reverse polarity protection
Shunt diode
Array grounding
Array negative is grounded internally via 1 A fuse
PV ground fault protection
GF detection when 1 A fuse clears
A–4
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
Electrical Specifications
Output
Nominal AC output voltage
240 VAC
208 VAC
Maximum AC output power
3800 W
3500 W
212–263 VAC
184–228 VAC
AC operating range, utility voltage (phase to phase)*
AC operating range, utility voltage (phase to neutral)*
106.1–131.5 VAC
AC nominal output frequency
60 Hz
AC operating range, utility frequency*
59.3–60.5 Hz
Startup current
0A
Maximum AC continuous output current
16.0 A
16.8 A
Maximum output fault current
25 A
Maximum output overcurrent protection (internal AC
fuse rating)
25 A
Maximum utility backfeed current
0A
Total harmonic distortion
< 5%
Power factor
> 0.99 (at rated power); > 0.95 (full power range)
Utility monitoring
AC voltage, frequency, and anti-islanding
protection
Output characteristics
Current source
Output current waveform
Sine wave
*Factory settings can be adjusted with the approval of the utility. The Conext Inverter is provided with adjustable trip limits
and can be aggregated above 30 kW on a single Point of Common Coupling. See “Adjustable Voltage, Frequency, and
Reconnection Settings” on page A–12
Efficiency
Output Voltage
240 VAC
208 VAC
Maximum peak efficiency
CEC efficiency
Nighttime tare loss
96.3%
95.5%
1.21 W
96.0%
95.5%
0.96 W
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
A–5
Specifications
240
300
480
Values in legend are VDC.
Figure A-3 Conext TX 3800 NA 240 VAC typical efficiency
240
300
480
Values in legend are VDC.
Figure A-4 Conext TX 3800 NA 208 VAC typical efficiency
A–6
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
Electrical Specifications
Conext TX 3300 NA
Input
Model number
878–3301
PV input voltage, Maximum Power Point range
Certified operating range: 195–550 VDC
Absolute maximum array open circuit voltage
600 VDC
Maximum PV input current
18 ADC (240 VAC), 17.5 ADC (208 VAC)
Maximum array short circuit current
24 ADC @ STC
PV reverse polarity protection
Shunt diode
Array grounding
Array negative is grounded internally via 1 A fuse
PV ground fault protection
GF detection when 1 A fuse clears
Output
Nominal AC output voltage
240 VAC
208 VAC
Maximum AC output power
3300 W
3100 W
212–263 VAC
184–224 VAC
AC operating range, utility voltage (phase to phase)*
AC operating range, utility voltage (phase to neutral)*
106.1–131.5 VAC
AC nominal output frequency
60 Hz
AC operating range, utility frequency*
59.3–60.5 Hz
Startup current
0A
Maximum AC continuous output current
14.0 A
15.2 A
Maximum output fault current
20 A
Maximum output overcurrent protection (internal AC
fuse rating)
20 A
Maximum utility backfeed current
0A
Total harmonic distortion
< 5%
Power factor
> 0.99 (at rated power); > 0.95 (full power range)
Utility monitoring
AC voltage, frequency, and anti-islanding
protection
Output characteristics
Current source
Output current waveform
Sine wave
*Factory settings can be adjusted with the approval of the utility. The Conext Inverter is provided with adjustable trip limits
and can be aggregated above 30 kW on a single Point of Common Coupling. See “Adjustable Voltage, Frequency, and
Reconnection Settings” on page A–12.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
A–7
Specifications
Efficiency
Output Voltage
240 VAC
208 VAC
Maximum peak efficiency
95.6%
95.3%
CEC efficiency
95.0%
94.5%
Nighttime tare loss
1.22 W
0.96 W
240
300
480
Values in legend are VDC.
Figure A-5 Conext TX 3300 NA 240 VAC typical efficiency
A–8
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
Electrical Specifications
240
300
480
Values in legend are VDC.
Figure A-6 Conext TX 3300 NA 208 VAC typical efficiency
Conext TX 2800 NA
Input
Model number
878–2801
PV input voltage, Maximum Power Point range
Certified operating range: 195–550 VDC
Absolute maximum array open circuit voltage
600 VDC
Maximum PV input current
15.5 ADC (240 VAC), 14.9 ADC (208 VAC)
Maximum array short circuit current
24 ADC @ STC
PV reverse polarity protection
Shunt diode
Array grounding
Array negative is grounded internally via 1 A fuse
PV ground fault protection
GF detection when 1 A fuse clears
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
A–9
Specifications
Output
Nominal AC output voltage
240 VAC
208 VAC
Maximum AC output power
2800 W
2650 W
212–263 VAC
184–228 VAC
AC operating range, utility voltage (phase to phase)*
AC operating range, utility voltage (phase to neutral)*
106.1–131.5 VAC
AC nominal output frequency
60 Hz
AC operating range, utility frequency*
59.3–60.5 Hz
Startup current
0A
Maximum AC continuous output current
11.8 A
13.0 A
Maximum output fault current
15 A
Maximum output overcurrent protection (internal AC
fuse rating)
15 A
Maximum utility backfeed current
0A
Total harmonic distortion
< 5%
Power factor
> 0.99 (at rated power); > 0.95 (full power range)
Utility monitoring
AC voltage, frequency, and anti-islanding
protection
Output characteristics
Current source
Output current waveform
Sine wave
*Factory settings can be adjusted with the approval of the utility. The Conext Inverter is provided with adjustable trip limits
and can be aggregated above 30 kW on a single Point of Common Coupling. See “Adjustable Voltage, Frequency, and
Reconnection Settings” on page A–12.
Efficiency
A–10
Output Voltage
240 VAC
208 VAC
Maximum peak efficiency
95.2%
95.2%
CEC efficiency
94.5%
94.5%
Nighttime tare loss
1.22 W
1.23 W
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
Electrical Specifications
240
300
480
Values in legend are VDC.
Figure A-7 Conext TX 2800 NA 240 VAC typical efficiency
240
300
480
Values in legend are VDC.
Figure A-8 Conext TX 2800 NA 208 VAC typical efficiency
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
A–11
Specifications
Adjustable Voltage, Frequency, and Reconnection Settings
Utility disconnect settings can be adjusted using the GTConfigLite software tool.
Permission from the utility must be granted before adjusting any of these
settings.
For more information about installing and using GTConfigLite, see the
GTConfigLite User’s Guide (Document Part Number 975-0260-01-01), available
with the software.
Adjustment Range
Default
Setting
Tolerance
Low
High
Tolerance
Phase-to-Neutral (RMS)
High Threshold Voltage
132.00
+0.5, -2.5 V
130.50
135.00
±1.5 V
Phase-to-Neutral (RMS)
Reconnect Voltage
127.20
±0.24 V
126.96
135.00
±1.5 V
Phase-to-Neutral (RMS)
Low Threshold Voltage
105.60
-0.5, +2.5 V
102.00
107.10
±1.5 V
Voltage (RMS) High
Clearing Time (ms)
1000
+0, -0.1 s
1000
2000
+0, -0.1 s
Voltage (RMS) Low
Clearing Time (ms)
2000
2000
5000
Frequency High
Threshold
60.50
60.40
60.60
Frequency Low
Threshold
59.30
57.00
59.80
See
important
Note below
160
200
160
300000
n/a
60000
305000
Setting
Frequency High Clearing 160
Time (ms)
Frequency Low Clearing
Time (ms)
160
Reconnect Delay (ms)
305000
±0.1 Hz
±0.1 Hz
+0, -0.1 s
n/a
NOTICE
Setting Frequency High Clearing Time or Frequency Low Clearing Time to 160
ms results in a Conext Inverter clearing time of 90ms (+0.01 s, -0.02 s). This
performance meets CSA 107.1 requirements for a grid interconnect
disconnect time limit of six cycles for Canadian installations.
A–12
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
Output Power Versus Ambient Temperature
Output Power Versus Ambient Temperature
Once the heat sink on the Conext Inverter reaches a temperature limit, the
Conext Inverter reduces its energy output to make sure component ratings are
not exceeded. The following shows the maximum continuous output power
derating to be expected at higher ambient temperatures.
Output Power versus Ambient Temperature
Vin = 550 VDC; Vout = 240/208 VAC
6
Max.
x. Power (kW)
5
5kW-240Vac
5kW-208Vac
4
3.8kW-240Vac
3.8kW-208Vac
3
3.3kW-240Vac
3.3kW-208Vac
2
2.8kW-240Vac
2.8kW-208Vac
1
0
20
30
40
50
60
70
Temperature (C)
Figure A-9 Output power versus ambient temperature
Environmental Specifications
Operating and storage
temperature range
-13° to +149 °F (-25° to +65 °C)
Power derating
See Figure A-9 on page A–13
Tolerable relative humidity limit
Operating: <95%, non-condensing
Storage: 100% condensing
Maximum operating altitude
6561 feet (2000 m)
User Display
Type
Alphanumeric liquid crystal display with backlight
Size
2 lines by 16 characters
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
A–13
Specifications
User Display Accuracy
Instantaneous Power
± (30 W + 1% of reading)
Voltage
± (1% of rating + 1% of reading)
Current
± (1% of rating + 1% of reading)
System Lifetime Energy
± 5%
Mechanical Specifications
Conext TX 5000 NA
Outdoor enclosure
Conext TX 3800 NA
Conext TX 3300 NA
Conext TX 2800 NA
Type 3R; rainproof
Dimensions*
(H × W × D)
Shipping dimensions
(H × W × D)
Weight
Shipping weight
38 7/8 × 15 7/8 × 7 5/16 in.
(988 × 403.5 × 185.6 mm)
35 × 16 7/8 × 7 5/16 in.
(893 × 403.5 × 185.6 mm)
46 × 22 3/4 × 10 1/4 in.
(1165 × 577 × 260 mm)
42 × 22 3/4 × 10 1/4 inches
(1070 × 577 × 260 mm)
85.8 lb (38.9 kg)
80.5 lb (36.5 kg)
114.9 lb (52.1 kg)
109.3 lb (49.6 kg)
Input and output
terminals
71.0 lb (32.2 kg)
96.0 lb (43.5 kg)
70.1 lb (31.8 kg)
95.21 lb (43.2 kg)
AC and DC terminals accept wire sizes of 2.5 to 16 mm2
(14 to 6 AWG)
Disconnect switch
Integrated switch, disconnects both AC and DC
(meets NEC Article 690), rated @ 600 VDC / VAC
*Including Conext Inverter and handle projection.
Regulatory Approvals
The Conext Inverter meets the following safety operating standards and code
requirements:
•
UL 1741 (2010): UL Standard for Inverters, Converters, Controllers and
Interconnection System Equipment for Use with Distributed Energy
Resources (Includes IEEE 1547 and 1547.1)
•
CSA C22.2 No. 107.1 General Use Power Supplies, FCC Class B
NOTICE
The Conext Inverter is compliant with IEEE 1547 for those requirements
referenced in UL 1741 (2010), section 46.1: A utility interactive inverter and
interconnection system equipment (ISE) shall comply with the Standard for
Interconnecting Distributed Resources With Electric Power Systems, IEEE
1547, and the Standard for Conformance Test Procedures for Equipment
Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems, IEEE
1547.1, excluding the requirements for Interconnection Installation Evaluation,
Commissioning Tests, and Periodic Interconnection Tests.
A–14
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This appendix is for use by qualified personnel only.
Warranty and Return Information
Warranty
"What does this warranty cover and how long does it last? This Limited Warranty is provided by Xantrex
Technology Inc. ("Xantrex") and covers defects in workmanship and materials in your Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter.
This warranty period lasts for 10 years from the date of purchase at the point of sale to you, the original end user,
unless otherwise agreed in writing (the "Warranty Period").Your warranty claims are conditional upon and subject to
your demonstration of proof of purchase of the product as described in "What proof of purchase is required?" This
Limited Warranty is transferable to subsequent owners but only for the unexpired portion of the Warranty Period.
Warranty claims of subsequent owners are also subject to the same proof of purchase requirements referenced
above and described below.
What will Xantrex do? During the Warranty Period Xantrex will, at its option, repair the defective product (if
economically feasible) or replace the defective product free of charge, provided that you notify Xantrex of the product
defect within the Warranty Period, and provided that Xantrex through inspection establishes the existence of such a
defect and that it is covered by this Limited Warranty. If the initial assessment suggests that the defect is such that it
may not be covered by this Limited Warranty, billing information will be required. If it is ultimately determined that the
product is performing to the manufacturer's specifications and that no repair is required, you will be billed for the
service call at Xantrex's standard billing rates. If a required repair is not covered under this Limited Warranty, you will
be responsible for all costs associated with such non-covered repair, including costs for replacement parts and labor
at Xantrex's standard billing rates.
Xantrex will, at its option, use new and/or reconditioned parts in performing warranty repair and building replacement
products. Xantrex reserves the right to use parts or products of original or improved design in the repair or
replacement. If Xantrex repairs or replaces a product, its warranty continues for the remaining portion of the original
Warranty Period or 90 days from the date of the return shipment to the customer, whichever is greater. All replaced
products and all parts removed from repaired products become the property of Xantrex.
Xantrex covers both parts and labor necessary to repair the product, and return shipment to the customer via a
Xantrex selected non-expedited surface freight within the contiguous United States and Canada. Alaska, Hawaii and
outside of the United States and Canada are excluded. Contact Xantrex Customer Service for details on freight policy
for return shipments from excluded areas.
How do you get service? If your product requires troubleshooting or warranty service, contact your merchant. If you
are unable to contact your merchant, or the merchant is unable to provide service, contact Xantrex directly at:
☎
✉
North America
1 650 351 8237
1 866 519 1470
1 925 245 1022
[email protected]
France
+33 (0) 825 012 999
Deutschland
+49 (0) 180 575 3 575
+49 (0) 2102 404 7101
[email protected]
España
+34 902 101 813
+34 93 305 5026
[email protected]
L'Italia
+39 035 4151111
+39 035415 3200
[email protected]
[email protected]
For other country details please contact your local Schneider Electric Sales Representative or visit the Schneider
Electric web site at:
http://www.schneider-electric.com/sites/corporate/en/support/operations/local-operations/local-operations.page
Direct returns may be performed according to the Xantrex Return Material Authorization Policy described in your
product manual. For some products, Xantrex maintains a network of regional Authorized Service Centers. Call
Xantrex or check our website to see if your product can be repaired at one of these facilities.
What proof of purchase is required? In any warranty claim, dated proof of purchase must accompany the product
and the product must not have been disassembled or modified without prior written authorization by Xantrex.
Proof of purchase may be in any one of the following forms:
• The dated purchase receipt from the original purchase of the product at point of sale to the end user;
• The dated dealer invoice or purchase receipt showing original equipment manufacturer status; or
• The dated invoice or purchase receipt showing the product exchanged under warranty.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This manual is for use by qualified personnel only.
WA–1
Warranty and Return Information
In the event a proof of purchase is not available then the original Xantrex dated invoice will be used. If no original
Xantrex dated invoice can be found the manufacturing date of the product will be used.
What does this warranty not cover? Claims are limited to repair and replacement, or if in Xantrex's discretion that is
not possible, reimbursement up to the purchase price paid for the product. Xantrex will be liable to you only for direct
damages suffered by you and only up to a maximum amount equal to the purchase price of the product.
This Limited Warranty does not warrant uninterrupted or error-free operation of the product or cover normal wear and
tear of the product or costs related to the removal, installation, or troubleshooting of the customer's electrical systems.
This warranty does not apply to and Xantrex will not be responsible for any defect in or damage to:
a) the product if it has been misused, neglected, improperly installed, physically damaged or altered, either
internally or externally, or damaged from improper use or use in an unsuitable environment, including any
environment or location that causes excessive wear and tear or debris buildup within the system or that is difficult
or unsafe for Xantrex representatives to access;
b) the product if it has been subjected to fire, water, generalized corrosion, biological infestations, or input voltage
that creates operating conditions beyond the maximum or minimum limits listed in the Xantrex product
specifications including, but not limited to, high input voltage from generators and lightning strikes;
c) the product if repairs have been performed on it other than by Xantrex or its authorized service centers, unless
such repairs and service providers were authorized by the Xantrex Field Service Manager or Technical Support
Representative prior to the performance of such repairs;
d) the product if it is used as a component part of a product expressly warranted by another manufacturer;
e) component parts or monitoring systems supplied by you or purchased by Xantrex at your direction for
incorporation into the product;
f) the product if its original identification (trade-mark, serial number) markings have been defaced, altered, or
removed;
g) the product if it is located outside of the country where it was purchased; and
h) any consequential losses that are attributable to the product losing power whether by product malfunction,
installation error or misuse.
Disclaimer
Product
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY PROVIDED BY XANTREX IN CONNECTION WITH YOUR XANTREX PRODUCT
AND IS, WHERE PERMITTED BY LAW, IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS, GUARANTEES, REPRESENTATIONS, OBLIGATIONS
AND LIABILITIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE IN CONNECTION WITH THE PRODUCT, HOWEVER ARISING (WHETHER BY
CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE, PRINCIPLES OF MANUFACTURER'S LIABILITY, OPERATION OF LAW, CONDUCT, STATEMENT OR OTHERWISE),
INCLUDING WITHOUT RESTRICTION ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF QUALITY, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE TO THE EXTENT
REQUIRED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW TO APPLY TO THE PRODUCT SHALL BE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE PERIOD STIPULATED UNDER THIS
LIMITED WARRANTY.
IN NO EVENT WILL XANTREX BE LIABLE FOR: (A) ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST
PROFITS, LOST REVENUES, FAILURE TO REALIZE EXPECTED SAVINGS, OR OTHER COMMERCIAL OR ECONOMIC LOSSES OF ANY KIND, EVEN
IF XANTREX HAS BEEN ADVISED, OR HAD REASON TO KNOW, OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE; (B) ANY LIABILITY ARISING IN TORT,
WHETHER OR NOT ARISING OUT OF XANTREX'S NEGLIGENCE, AND ALL LOSSES OR DAMAGES TO ANY PROPERTY OR FOR ANY PERSONAL
INJURY OR ECONOMIC LOSS OR DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE CONNECTION OF A PRODUCT TO ANY OTHER DEVICE OR SYSTEM; AND (C) ANY
DAMAGE OR INJURY ARISING FROM OR AS A RESULT OF MISUSE OR ABUSE, OR THE INCORRECT INSTALLATION, INTEGRATION OR
OPERATION OF THE PRODUCT BY PERSONS NOT AUTHORIZED BY XANTREX.
Exclusions
If this product is a consumer product, federal law does not allow an exclusion of implied warranties. To the extent you
are entitled to implied warranties under federal law, to the extent permitted by applicable law they are limited to the
duration of this Limited Warranty. Some states, provinces and jurisdictions do not allow limitations or exclusions on
implied warranties or on the duration of an implied warranty or on the limitation or exclusion of incidental or
consequential damages, so the above limitation(s) or exclusion(s) may not apply to you. This Limited Warranty gives
you specific legal rights. You may have other rights which may vary from state to state, province to province or
jurisdiction to jurisdiction.
Return Material Authorization Policy
For those products that are not being repaired in the field and are being returned to Xantrex, before returning a
product directly to Xantrex you must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number and the correct factory
"Ship To" address. Products must also be shipped prepaid. Product shipments will be refused and returned at your
expense if they are unauthorized, returned without an RMA number clearly marked on the outside of the shipping
box, if they are shipped collect, or if they are shipped to the wrong location.
WA–2
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This manual is for use by qualified personnel only.
Warranty and Return Information
When you contact Xantrex to obtain service, please have your instruction manual ready for reference and be
prepared to supply:
• The serial number of your product
• Information about the installation and use of the unit
• Information about the failure and/or reason for the return
• A copy of your dated proof of purchase
Record these details in “Information About Your System”.
Return Procedure
Package the unit safely, preferably using the original box and packing materials. Please ensure that your product is
shipped fully insured in the original packaging or equivalent. This warranty will not apply where the product is
damaged due to improper packaging.
Include the following:
• The RMA number supplied by Xantrex Technology Inc. clearly marked on the outside of the box.
• A return address where the unit can be shipped. Post office boxes are not acceptable.
• A contact telephone number where you can be reached during work hours.
• A brief description of the problem.
Ship the unit prepaid to the address provided by your Xantrex customer service representative.
If you are returning a product from outside of the USA or Canada In addition to the above, you MUST include
return freight funds and are fully responsible for all documents, duties, tariffs, and deposits.
If you are returning a product to a Xantrex Authorized Service Center (ASC) A Xantrex return material authorization
(RMA) number is not required. However, you must contact the ASC prior to returning the product or presenting the
unit to verify any return procedures that may apply to that particular facility and that the ASC repairs this particular
Xantrex product.
Out of Warranty Service
If the warranty period for your product has expired, if the unit was damaged by misuse or incorrect installation, if other
conditions of the warranty have not been met, or if no dated proof of purchase is available, your unit may be serviced
or replaced for a flat fee.
To return your product for out of warranty service, contact Xantrex Customer Service for a Return Material
Authorization (RMA) number and follow the other steps outlined in "Return Procedure".
Payment options such as credit card or money order will be explained by the Customer Service Representative. In
cases where the minimum flat fee does not apply, as with incomplete units or units with excessive damage, an
additional fee will be charged. If applicable, you will be contacted by Customer Service once your unit has been
received.
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This manual is for use by qualified personnel only.
WA–3
Warranty and Return Information
Information About Your System
As soon as you open your Conext Grid Tie Solar Inverter package, record the following information and be sure to
keep your proof of purchase.
❐ Serial Number
_________________________________
❐ Purchased From
_________________________________
❐ Purchase Date
_________________________________
If you need to contact Customer Service, please record the following details before calling. This information will help
our representatives give you better service.
❐ Type of installation
__________________________________
❐ Length of time inverter has been installed
__________________________________
❐ DC wiring size and length
__________________________________
❐ Description of indicators on front panel
__________________________________
❐ Description of problem
__________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
PV Details
Solar Panel Mount:
Roof
Pole
Ground
Solar Panel Brand and Model:
Nominal Voltage Range:
______________
VDC
Peak Open Circuit Voltage:
______________
VDC
Nominal Current Rating:
______________
Adc
Maximum Current Rating:
______________
Adc
Solar Tracker?
Yes
No
String #1:
# of Panels: ______________
Series
Parallel
String #2:
# of Panels: ______________
Series
Parallel
String #3:
# of Panels: ______________
Series
Parallel
String #4:
# of Panels: ______________
Series
Parallel
WA–4
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This manual is for use by qualified personnel only.
Index
A
AC
circuit breaker requirements 3–6
grounding requirements 3–3
output voltage ratings (Conext TX 2800 NA) A–10
output voltage ratings (Conext TX 3300 NA) A–7
output voltage ratings (Conext TX 3800 NA) A–5
output voltage ratings (Conext TX 5000 NA) A–2
terminals, accessing 3–8
three-phase wiring 3–19
utility voltage, checking 4–3
wiring instructions 3–17
acceptable wire sizes A–14
accessing AC and DC terminals 3–8
acronyms iv
adjusting utility disconnect settings A–12
AHJ (Authority Having Jurisdiction) iv
altitude, maximum for operation A–13
C
Cage Clamps 3–10
CAUTION, definition v
CEC (Canadian Electric Code) iv
CFRs (The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations) iv
chart, derating A–13
checking
AC utility voltage 4–3
PV array DC voltage 4–2
clearance required for installation 2–10
combiner fuses 3–6
communication between multiple inverters 3–20
communications cabling
installing for inverters in parallel 3–25
standard CAT 5 wiring 3–24
Conext View 3–26, 5–11
CSA (Canadian Standards Association) iv
D
derating chart A–13
dimensions 2–6, 2–7, A–14
display accuracy A–14
E
electrical specifications A–2
enclosure type A–14
error messages and solutions 6–12
F
Fast Sweep 3–28
fault conditions and solutions 6–12
FCC (Federal Communications Commission) iv, x
features, standard 1–3
front panel display 1–3, 5–2
fault messages 5–8
normal operation messages 5–5
offline mode messages 5–7
reading messages 5–3
special messages 5–10
startup messages 5–3
fuses
combiner 3–6
holder 3–6
location of ground fault protection 6–7
G
general maintenance 6–4
ground fault protection
fuse 3–5
location of fuse 6–7
replacing fuse 6–5
grounding requirements 3–3
GT (grid tie) iv
H
humidity limits A–13
DANGER, definition v
DC
PV voltage, checking 4–2
terminals, accessing 3–8
three-phase wiring 3–19
wiring instructions 3–12
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
IX-1
Index
I
O
Information about Your System form WA–4
installation
clearance required 2–10
grounding requirements 3–3
location concerns 2–3
mounting 2–10
options 2–2
PV array requirements 2–4
inverter
features 1–3
purchase date WA–4
removing from wiring box 6–8
serial number WA–4
ISC (Short circuit current rating of an PV panel
under STC) iv
operation
factors affecting performance 6–2
inverter startup 4–4
messages at startup 5–3
reassembling the unit 4–3
startup procedure 4–2
K
knockout locations 2–6, 2–7
L
LCD (liquid crystal display) iv
LED (light emitting diode) iv
LEDs. See status LEDs
M
maintenance, general 6–4
maximum operating altitude A–13
maximum power point tracking. See MPPT
mechanical specifications A–14
messages. See front panel display
mounting bracket 2–8, 2–9
MPPT (maximum power point tracking) iv
operational window 2–4
technology 1–3
multiple inverters
communication between 3–20
communications wiring 3–25
configuration 2–2
messages in normal operation 5–6
messages in offline mode 5–8
single-phase AC and DC wiring 3–18
three-phase AC and DC wiring 3–19
N
NEC (US National Electrical Code NFPA–70) iv
NOTICE, definition v
IX–2
P
parallel configuration
communication between inverters 3–20
communications wiring 3–25
ports
RJ-11 3–22
RJ-45, communication between inverters 3–22
RJ-45, location in wiring box 3–9
RS-232 3–26, 5–9
power derating A–13
proof of purchase WA–4
purchase date WA–4
PV (photovoltaic) iv
PV arrays
angle of the sun 6–3
checking DC voltage 4–2
effect of shade on performance 6–3
factory ratings 6–2
temperature affecting performance 6–2
types of modules 2–4
voltage requirements 2–4
R
RJ-11 ports 3–22
RJ-45 ports
communication between inverters 3–22
location in wiring box 3–9
RMS (root mean square) iv
RS-232 port 3–26, 5–9
S
safety instructions vii
Schneider Electric web site vi
serial number WA–4
settings, utility disconnect 5–4, A–12
shade tolerance 6–3
specifications
electrical A–2
mechanical A–14
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This manual is for use by qualified personnel only.
Index
standard
features 1–3
test conditions iv, 6–2
startup procedure
checking PV array DC voltage 4–2
checking utility AC voltage 4–3
monitoring front panel display 5–2
overview 4–2
replacing wiring box cover 4–3
starting the inverter 4–4
status LEDs
description 5–12
do not illuminate 6–12
red LED is on 6–12
STC (standard test conditions) iv
wiring box
description 1–5
removing the cover 3–8
removing the inverter from 6–8
RJ-45 ports 3–9
terminal block location 3–9
X
Xanbus technology 3–20
T
temperature
affecting PV array performance 6–2
range for locating inverter 2–3
terminal blocks in wiring box 3–9
terminators, network 3–22
thermal derating chart A–13
three-phase AC and DC wiring 3–19
torque values for wires 3–3, 3–15
troubleshooting 6–12
U
UL (Underwriters Laboratories) iv
utility disconnect settings 5–4, A–12
V
VAC (volts AC) iv
VDC (volts DC) iv
VMPP (maximum power point voltage) iv
VOC (PV array open circuit voltage) iv
W
WARNING, definition v
weight A–14
wiring
acceptable wire sizes A–14
PV array to Xantrex GT Inverter 3–12, 3–14
torquing 3–3, 3–15
using Cage Clamps 3–10
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
This manual is for use by qualified personnel only.
IX–3
IX-4
Schneider Electric
www.schneider-electric.com
☎
✉
North America
1 650 351 8237
1 866 519 1470
1 925 245 1022
[email protected]
France
+33 (0) 825 012 999
Deutschland
+49 (0) 180 575 3 575
+49 (0) 2102 404 7101
[email protected]
España
+34 902 101 813
+34 933 055 026
[email protected]
L'Italia
+39 035 4151111
+39 035415 3200
[email protected]
[email protected]
For other country details please contact your local Schneider Electric Sales Representative or visit the Schneider
Electric Web site at:
http://www.schneider-electric.com/sites/corporate/en/support/operations/local-operations/local-operations.page
975-0596-01-01 Revision A
Printed in India.
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