Multi-Function 802.11g Wireless Router User`s Guide

Multi-Function 802.11g Wireless Router User`s Guide

Multi-Function

802.11g Wireless Router

802.11g/802.11b Wireless Access Point

Broadband Internet Access

4-Port Switching Hub

User's Guide

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 1

Wireless Router Features ................................................................................................. 1

Package Contents .............................................................................................................. 3

Physical Details.................................................................................................................. 4

CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION............................................................................................... 6

Requirements..................................................................................................................... 6

Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 6

CHAPTER 3 SETUP ................................................................................................................ 8

Overview ............................................................................................................................ 8

Configuration Program .................................................................................................. 10

Setup Wizard ................................................................................................................... 12

LAN Screen...................................................................................................................... 15

Wireless Screen................................................................................................................ 17

Password Screen.............................................................................................................. 20

CHAPTER 4 PC CONFIGURATION .................................................................................. 21

Overview .......................................................................................................................... 21

Windows Clients.............................................................................................................. 21

Macintosh Clients............................................................................................................ 33

Linux Clients.................................................................................................................... 33

Other Unix Systems......................................................................................................... 33

Wireless Station Configuration...................................................................................... 34

CHAPTER 5 OPERATION AND STATUS ......................................................................... 35

Operation ......................................................................................................................... 35

Status Screen.................................................................................................................... 35

Connection Status - PPPoE ............................................................................................ 37

Connection Status - PPTP .............................................................................................. 39

Connection Status - L2TP............................................................................................... 40

Connection Status - Telstra Big Pond............................................................................ 41

Connection Details - SingTel RAS ................................................................................. 42

Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address ......................................................... 44

CHAPTER 6 ADVANCED FEATURES .............................................................................. 46

Overview .......................................................................................................................... 46

Access Control ................................................................................................................. 46

Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server) .......................................................................... 53

Advanced Internet Screen .............................................................................................. 55

Virtual Servers................................................................................................................. 59

WAN Port Configuration ............................................................................................... 63

CHAPTER 7 ADVANCED ADMINISTRATION ............................................................... 66

Overview .......................................................................................................................... 66

Config File........................................................................................................................ 67

Logs................................................................................................................................... 68

Network Diagnostics ....................................................................................................... 70

Options ............................................................................................................................. 71

PC Database..................................................................................................................... 73

Remote Admin ................................................................................................................. 77

Routing ............................................................................................................................. 78

Security............................................................................................................................. 82 i

Upgrade Firmware.......................................................................................................... 84

APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................ 85

Overview .......................................................................................................................... 85

General Problems............................................................................................................ 85

Internet Access................................................................................................................. 85

Wireless Access................................................................................................................ 86

APPENDIX B ABOUT WIRELESS LANS.......................................................................... 88

Modes ............................................................................................................................... 88

BSS/ESS............................................................................................................................ 88

Channels........................................................................................................................... 89

WEP.................................................................................................................................. 89

Wireless LAN Configuration.......................................................................................... 89

APPENDIX C SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................................................... 90

Multi-Function Wireless Router .................................................................................... 90

Wireless Interface............................................................................................................ 90

Regulatory Approvals ..................................................................................................... 91

Copyright

© 2004. All Rights Reserved.

Document Version: 1.0 (January, 2004)

All trademarks and trade names are the properties of their respective owners.

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Chapter 1

Introduction

This Chapter provides an overview of the Wireless Router's features and capabilities.

1

Congratulations on the purchase of your new Wireless Router. The Wireless Router is a multifunction device providing the following services:

Shared Broadband Internet Access

for all LAN users.

4-Port Switching Hub

Wireless Access Point

for 10BaseT or 100BaseT connections.

for 802.11b and 802.11g Wireless Stations.

Figure 1: Wireless Router

Wireless Router Features

The Wireless Router incorporates many advanced features, carefully designed to provide sophisticated functions while being easy to use.

Internet Access Features

Shared Internet Access.

All users on the LAN or WLAN can access the Internet through the Wireless Router, using only a single external IP Address. The local (invalid)

IP Addresses are hidden from external sources. This process is called NAT (Network Address Translation).

DSL & Cable Modem Support.

The Wireless Router has a 10/100BaseT Ethernet port for connecting a DSL or Cable Modem. All popular DSL and Cable Modems are supported. SingTel RAS and Big Pond (Australia) login support is also included.

PPPoE, PPTP, SingTel RAS and Telstra Big Pond Support.

The Internet (WAN port) connection supports PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol), SingTel RAS and Telstra Big Pond (Australia), as well as "Direct Connection" type services. Unnumbered IP with PPPoE is also supported.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Fixed or Dynamic IP Address.

On the Internet (WAN port) connection, the Wireless

Router supports both Dynamic IP Address (IP Address is allocated on connection) and

Fixed IP Address.

Advanced Internet Functions

Communication Applications.

Support for Internet communication applications, such as interactive Games, Telephony, and Conferencing applications, which are often difficult to use when behind a Firewall, is included.

Special Internet Applications.

Applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers are normally blocked by the Firewall. The ability to define and allow such applications is provided, to enable such applications to be used normally.

Virtual Servers.

This feature allows Internet users to access Internet servers on your

LAN. The required setup is quick and easy.

DDNS Support.

DDNS (Dynamic DNS) allows Internet users to connect to Virtual

Servers on your LAN using a domain name, even if your IP address is not fixed.

Multi-DMZ.

For each WAN (Internet) IP address allocated to you, one (1) PC on your local LAN can be configured to allow unrestricted 2-way communication with Servers or individual users on the Internet. This provides the ability to run programs which are incompatible with Firewalls.

URL Filter.

Use the URL Filter to block access to undesirable Web sites by LAN users.

Internet Access Log.

See which Internet connections have been made.

Access Control.

Using the Access Control feature, you can assign LAN users to different groups, and determine which Internet services are available to each group.

VPN Pass through Support.

PCs with VPN (Virtual Private Networking) software using PPTP, L2TP and IPSec are transparently supported - no configuration is required.

Wireless Features

Standards Compliant.

The Wireless Router complies with the IEEE802.11g (DSSS) specifications for Wireless LANs.

Supports both 802.11b and 802.11g Wireless Stations.

The 802.11g standard provides for backward compatibility with the 802.11b standard, so both 802.11b and

802.11g Wireless stations can be used simultaneously.

Speeds to 54Mbps.

All speeds up to the 802.11g maximum of 54Mbps are supported.

WEP support.

Support for WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is included. Key sizes of

64 Bit and 128 Bit are supported.

Wireless MAC Access Control.

The Wireless Access Control feature can check the

MAC address (hardware address) of Wireless stations to ensure that only trusted Wireless

Stations can access your LAN.

Simple Configuration.

If the default settings are unsuitable, they can be changed quickly and easily.

LAN Features

4-Port Switching Hub.

The Wireless Router incorporates a 4-port 10/100BaseT switching hub, making it easy to create or extend your LAN.

DHCP Server Support.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol provides a dynamic IP address to PCs and other devices upon request. The Wireless Router can act as a DHCP

Server for devices on your local LAN and WLAN.

2

Introduction

Multi Segment LAN Support.

LANs containing one or more segments are supported; via the Wireless Router's RIP (Routing Information Protocol) support and built-in static routing table.

Configuration & Management

Easy Setup.

Use your WEB browser from anywhere on the LAN or WLAN for configuration.

Configuration File Upload/Download.

Save (download) the configuration data from the Wireless Router to your PC, and restore (upload) a previously-saved configuration file to the Wireless Router.

Remote Management.

The Wireless Router can be managed from any PC on your

LAN. And, if the Internet connection exists, it can also (optionally) be configured via the

Internet.

Network Diagnostics.

You can use the Wireless Router to perform a Ping or DNS

lookup.

UPnP Support.

UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery and configuration of the Wireless Router. UPnP is by supported by Windows ME, XP, or later.

Security Features

Password - protected Configuration

. Optional password protection is provided to prevent unauthorized users from modifying the configuration data and settings.

Wireless LAN Security

. WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is supported, as well as

Wireless access control to prevent unknown wireless stations from accessing your LAN.

NAT Protection.

An intrinsic side effect of NAT (Network Address Translation) technology is that by allowing all LAN users to share a single IP address, the location and even the existence of each PC is hidden. From the external viewpoint, there is no network, only a single device - the Wireless Router.

Stateful Inspection Firewall.

All incoming data packets are monitored and all incoming server requests are filtered, thus protecting your network from malicious attacks from external sources.

Protection against DoS attacks.

DoS (Denial of Service) attacks can flood your

Internet connection with invalid packets and connection requests, using so much bandwidth and so many resources that Internet access becomes unavailable. The Wireless

Router incorporates protection against DoS attacks.

Package Contents

The following items should be included:

• The Wireless Router Unit

• Power Adapter

• CD-ROM containing the on-line manual.

If any of the above items are damaged or missing, please contact your dealer immediately.

3

Wireless Router User Guide

Physical Details

Front-mounted LEDs

Figure 2: Front Panel

Power LED

On - Power on.

Off - No power.

Status (Red)

LED

On - Error condition.

Off - Normal operation.

Blinking - This LED blinks during start up, and during a Firmware Upgrade.

LAN LEDs

WAN LED

For each port, there are 2 LEDs

Link/Act

On - Corresponding LAN (hub) port is active.

Off - No active connection on the corresponding LAN (hub) port.

Flashing - Data is being transmitted or received via the corresponding LAN (hub) port.

100

On - Corresponding LAN (hub) port is using 100BaseT.

Off - Corresponding LAN (hub) port connection is using

10BaseT, or no active connection.

On - Connection to the Broadband Modem attached to the WAN (Internet) port is established.

Off - No connection to the Broadband Modem.

Flashing - Data is being transmitted or received via the WAN port.

Wireless LED

On - Wireless connection available; Wireless Access Point is ready for use.

Off - No Wireless connection available.

Flashing - Data is being transmitted or received via the Wireless access point. Data includes "network traffic" as well as user data.

4

Introduction

Rear Panel

Power port

10/100BaseT

LAN connections

WAN port

(10/100BaseT)

Reset Button

Figure 3: Rear Panel

Connect the supplied power adapter here.

Use standard LAN cables (RJ45 connectors) to connect your PCs to these ports.

If required, any port can be connected to another hub. Any LAN port will automatically function as an "Uplink" port when necessary.

Connect the DSL or Cable Modem here. If your modem came with a cable, use the supplied cable. Otherwise, use a standard LAN cable.

This button has two (2) functions:

Reboot. When pressed and released, the Wireless Router will reboot (restart).

Clear All Data. This button can also be used to clear ALL data and restore ALL settings to the factory default values.

To Clear All Data and restore the factory default values:

1. Power Off.

2. Hold the Reset Button down while you Power On.

3. Keep holding the Reset Button for a few seconds, until the RED

LED has flashed TWICE.

4. Release the Reset Button. The Wireless Router is now using the factory default values.

5

Chapter 2

Installation

This Chapter covers the physical installation of the Wireless Router.

2

Requirements

• Network cables. Use standard 10/100BaseT network (UTP) cables with RJ45 connectors.

• TCP/IP protocol must be installed on all PCs.

• For Internet Access, an Internet Access account with an ISP, and either of a DSL or Cable modem (for WAN port usage)

• To use the Wireless Access Point, all Wireless devices must be compliant with the

IEEE802.11b or IEEE802.11g specifications.

Procedure

Figure 4: Installation Diagram

1. Choose an Installation Site

Select a suitable place on the network to install the Wireless Router.

Ensure the Wireless Router and the DSL/Cable modem are powered OFF.

6

Installation

For best Wireless reception and performance, the Wireless

Router should be positioned in a central location with minimum obstructions between the Wireless Router and the

PCs.

Also, if using multiple Access Points, adjacent Access

Points should use different Channels.

2. Connect LAN Cables

Use standard LAN cables to connect PCs to the Switching Hub ports on the Wireless

Router. Both 10BaseT and 100BaseT connections can be used simultaneously.

If required, connect any port to a normal port on another Hub, using a standard LAN cable.

Any LAN port on the Wireless Router will automatically function as an "Uplink" port when required.

3. Connect WAN Cable

Connect the DSL or Cable modem to the WAN port on the Wireless Router. Use the cable supplied with your DSL/Cable modem. If no cable was supplied, use a standard cable.

4. Power Up

• Power on the Cable or DSL modem.

• Connect the supplied power adapter to the Wireless Router and power up.

Use only the power adapter provided. Using a different one may cause hardware damage

5. Check the LEDs

• The Power LED should be ON.

• The Status LED should flash, then turn Off. If it stays on, there is a hardware error.

• For each LAN (PC) connection, the LAN Link/Act LED should be ON (provided the PC is also ON.)

• The WAN LED should be ON.

• The WLAN LED should be ON

For more information, refer to Front-mounted LEDs in Chapter 1.

7

Chapter 3

Setup

This Chapter provides Setup details of the Wireless Router.

Overview

This chapter describes the setup procedure for:

• Internet Access

• LAN configuration

• Wireless setup

• Assigning a Password to protect the configuration data.

PCs on your local LAN may also require configuration. For details, see Chapter 4 - PC Con-

figuration.

Other configuration may also be required, depending on which features and functions of the

Wireless Router you wish to use. Use the table below to locate detailed instructions for the required functions.

To Do this:

Configure PCs on your LAN.

Check Wireless Router operation and Status.

Use any of the following Advanced features:

• Access Control

• Dynamic DNS

• Advanced Internet (Special Applications, DMZ, URL

Filter)

• Virtual Servers (Port Forwarding)

• WAN Port Setup

Refer to:

Chapter 4:

PC Configuration

Chapter 5:

Operation and Status

Chapter 6:

Advanced Features

3

8

Use any of the following Administration Configuration settings or features:

• Config File download/upload

• Logs

• Network Diagnostics (Ping, DNS Lookup)

• Options (Backup DNS, TFTP, UPnP, Firewall)

• PC Database

• Remote Management

• Routing (RIP and static Routing)

• Security settings

• Firmware Upgrade

Chapter 7

Advanced Administration

Setup

9

Wireless Router User Guide

Configuration Program

The Wireless Router contains an HTTP server. This enables you to connect to it, and configure it, using your Web Browser. Your Browser must support JavaScript.

The configuration program has been tested on the following browsers:

• Netscape V4.08 or later

• Internet Explorer V4 or later

Preparation

Before attempting to configure the Wireless Router, please ensure that:

• Your PC can establish a physical connection to the Wireless Router. The PC and the

Wireless Router must be directly connected (using the Hub ports on the Wireless Router) or on the same LAN segment.

• The Wireless Router must be installed and powered ON.

• If the Wireless Router's default IP Address (192.168.1.1) is already used by another device, the other device must be turned OFF until the Wireless Router is allocated a new

IP Address during configuration.

Using UPnP

If your Windows system supports UPnP, an icon for the Wireless Router will appear in the system tray, notifying you that a new network device has been found, and offering to create a new desktop shortcut to the newly-discovered device.

• Unless you intend to change the IP Address of the Wireless Router, you can accept the desktop shortcut.

• Whether you accept the desktop shortcut or not, you can always find UPnP devices in My

Network Places (previously called Network Neighborhood).

• Double - click the icon for the Wireless Router (either on the Desktop, or in My Network

Places) to start the configuration. Refer to the following section Setup Wizard for details of the initial configuration process.

Using your Web Browser

To establish a connection from your PC to the Wireless Router:

1. After installing the Wireless Router in your LAN, start your PC. If your PC is already running, restart it.

2. Start your WEB browser.

3. In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the IP Address of the Wireless Router, as in this example, which uses the Wireless Router's default IP Address:

HTTP://192.168.1.1

4. Default password is “0000”.

Because the default password is blank, your will not be prompted for a password. However, you should assign a password. See the Password Screen section later in this chapter for details.

10

If you can't connect

If the Wireless Router does not respond, check the following:

• The Wireless Router is properly installed, LAN connection is OK, and it is powered ON. You can test the connection by using the "Ping" command:

• Open the MS-DOS window or command prompt window.

• Enter the command:

ping 192.168.1.1

If no response is received, either the connection is not working, or your

PC's IP address is not compatible with the Wireless Router's IP Address.

(See next item.)

• If your PC is using a fixed IP Address, its IP Address must be within the range

192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.254 to be compatible with the Wireless Router's default IP Address of 192.168.1.1. Also, the Network Mask must be set to

255.255.255.0. See Chapter 4 - PC Configuration for details on checking your

PC's TCP/IP settings.

• Ensure that your PC and the Wireless Router are on the same network segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)

• Ensure you are using the wired LAN interface. The Wireless interface can only be used if its configuration matches your PC's wireless settings.

Setup

11

Wireless Router User Guide

Setup Wizard

The first time you connect to the Wireless Router, the Setup Wizard will run automatically.

(The Setup Wizard will also run if the Wireless Router's default setting is restored.)

1. Step through the Wizard until finished.

• You need to know the type of Internet connection service used by your ISP. Check the data supplied by your ISP.

• The common connection types are explained in the tables below.

2. On the final screen of the Wizard, run the test and check that an Internet connection can be established.

3. If the connection test fails:

• Check your data, the Cable/DSL modem, and all connections.

• Check that you have entered all data correctly.

• If using a Cable modem, your ISP may have recorded the MAC (physical) address of your PC. Run the Wizard, and on the Cable Modem screen, use the "Clone MAC address" button to copy the MAC address from your PC to the Wireless Router.

Common Connection Types

Cable Modems

Type

Dynamic

IP Address

Static (Fixed)

IP Address

Details

Your IP Address is allocated automatically, when you connect to you ISP.

Your ISP allocates a permanent IP Address to you.

ISP Data required

Usually, none.

However, some ISP's may require you to use a particular

Hostname, Domain name, or

MAC (physical) address.

IP Address allocated to you.

Some ISP's may also require you to use a particular Hostname, Domain name, or MAC

(physical) address.

DSL Modems

Type

Dynamic

IP Address

Static (Fixed)

IP Address

PPPoE

Details

Your IP Address is allocated automatically, when you connect to you ISP.

Your ISP allocates a permanent IP Address to you.

You connect to the ISP only when required. The IP address is usually allocated automatically.

ISP Data required

None.

IP Address allocated to you.

User name and password.

12

Setup

PPTP PPTP is mainly used in

Europe.

You connect to the ISP only when required. The IP address is usually allocated automatically, but may be Static

(Fixed).

• Server IP Address.

• User name and password.

• IP Address allocated to you, if Static (Fixed).

Other Modems (e.g. Broadband Wireless)

Type

Dynamic

IP Address

Static (Fixed)

IP Address

Details

Your IP Address is allocated automatically, when you connect to you ISP.

Your ISP allocates a permanent

IP Address to you.

ISP Data required

None.

IP Address allocated to you.

Big Pond (Australia)

For this connection method, the following data is required:

• User Name

• Password

• Big Pond Server IP address

SingTel RAS

For this connection method, the following data is required:

• User Name

• Password

• RAS Plan

13

Wireless Router User Guide

Home Screen

After finishing the Setup Wizard, you will see the Home screen. When you connect in future, you will see this screen when you connect. An example screen is shown below.

Figure 5: Home Screen

Navigation & Data Input

• Use the menu bar on the left of the screen, and the "Back" button on your Browser, for navigation.

• Changing to another screen without clicking "Save" does NOT save any changes you may have made. You must "Save" before changing screens or your data will be ignored.

On each screen, clicking the "Help" button will display help for that screen.

From any help screen, you can access the list of all help files (help index).

14

LAN Screen

Use the LAN link on the main menu to reach the LAN screen. An example screen is shown below.

Setup

Figure 6: LAN Screen

Data - LAN Screen

TCP/IP

IP Address

Subnet Mask

DHCP Server

IP address for the Wireless Router, as seen from the local LAN. Use the default value unless the address is already in use or your LAN is using a different IP address range. In the latter case, enter an unused IP

Address from within the range used by your LAN.

The default value 255.255.255.0 is standard for small (class "C") networks. For other networks, use the Subnet Mask for the LAN segment to which the Wireless Router is attached (the same value as the PCs on that LAN segment).

• If Enabled, the Wireless Router will allocate IP Addresses to PCs

(DHCP clients) on your LAN when they start up. The default (and recommended) value is Enabled.

• If you are already using a DHCP Server, this setting must be

Disabled, and the existing DHCP server must be re-configured to treat the Wireless Router as the default Gateway. See the following section for further details.

• The Start IP Address and Finish IP Address fields set the values used by the DHCP server when allocating IP Addresses to DHCP clients. This range also determines the number of DHCP clients supported.

See the following section for further details on using DHCP.

Buttons

Save

Cancel

Save the data on screen.

The "Cancel" button will discard any data you have entered and reload the file from the Wireless Router.

15

Wireless Router User Guide

DHCP

What DHCP Does

A DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) Server allocates a valid IP address to a

DHCP Client (PC or device) upon request.

• The client request is made when the client device starts up (boots).

• The DHCP Server provides the Gateway and DNS addresses to the client, as well as allocating an IP Address.

• The Wireless Router can act as a DHCP server.

• Windows 95/98/ME and other non-Server versions of Windows will act as a DHCP client.

This is the default Windows setting for the TCP/IP network protocol. However, Windows uses the term Obtain an IP Address automatically instead of "DHCP Client".

• You must NOT have two (2) or more DHCP Servers on the same LAN segment. (If your

LAN does not have other Routers, this means there must only be one (1) DHCP Server on your LAN.)

Using the Wireless Router's DHCP Server

This is the default setting. The DHCP Server settings are on the LAN screen. On this screen, you can:

• Enable or Disable the Wireless Router's DHCP Server function.

• Set the range of IP Addresses allocated to PCs by the DHCP Server function.

You can assign Fixed IP Addresses to some devices while using DHCP, provided that the Fixed IP Addresses are NOT within the range used by the DHCP Server.

Using another DHCP Server

You can only use one (1) DHCP Server per LAN segment. If you wish to use another DHCP

Server, rather than the Wireless Router's, the following procedure is required.

1. Disable the DHCP Server feature in the Wireless Router. This setting is on the LAN screen.

2. Configure the DHCP Server to provide the Wireless Router's IP Address as the Default

Gateway.

To Configure your PCs to use DHCP

This is the default setting for TCP/IP under Windows 95/98/ME.

See Chapter 4 - Client Configuration for the procedure to check these settings.

16

Setup

Wireless Screen

The Wireless Router's settings must match the other Wireless stations.

Note that the Wireless Router will automatically accept both 802.11b and 802.11g connections, and no configuration is required for this feature.

To change the Wireless Router's default settings for the Wireless Access Point feature, use the

Wireless link on the main menu to reach the Wireless screen. An example screen is shown below.

Figure 7: Wireless Screen

Data - Wireless Screen

Identification

Station name

Region

SSID

On your PC, some Wireless status screens may display this name as the

Access Point in use.

Select your region from the drop-down list. This field displays the region of operation for which the wireless interface is intended. It may not be legal to operate the router in a region other than the region shown here. If your country or region is not listed, please check with your local government agency for more information on which channels you are allowed to use, and select a region which allows those channels. (The channel list changes according to the selected region.)

• If using an ESS (Extended Service Set, with multiple access points) this ID is called an ESSID (Extended Service Set Identifier).

• To communicate, all Wireless stations should use the same

SSID/ESSID.

17

Wireless Router User Guide

Options

Mode

Channel No.

Select the desired mode:

g & b - Both 802.11.g and 802.11b Wireless stations will be able to use the Wireless Router.

g only - Only 802.11g Wireless stations can use the Wireless

Router.

b only - Only 802.11b connections are available. 802.11g Wireless Stations will only be able to use the Wireless Router if they are fully backward-compatible with the 802.11b standard.

This selection determines which operating frequency will be used. The channel list changes according to the selected region.

Select the desired channel. Adjacent Access Points should use different channels to avoid interference.

Broadcast SSID

If Enabled, the SSID will broadcast its name to all Wireless Stations.

Stations which have no SSID (or a "null" value) can then adopt the correct SSID for connections to this Access Point.

WEP data encryption

WEP status - This will display "Enabled" or "Disabled"

Configure WEP - Click this button to access the WEP subscreen, and the WEP settings. Show the WEP status.

Access Point

Enable Access

Point

Allow LAN access by …

Allow Internet access by …

• If Enabled, wireless stations will be able to locate and use this

Access Point.

• If Disabled, the wireless interface is disabled, and will neither transmit nor receive wireless traffic.

• The Wireless (WLAN) LED on the front panel will remain OFF if the Wireless interface is disabled.

All Wireless Stations - All wireless stations can use the access point to access your LAN.

Selected Wireless stations only - Only selected wireless stations access your LAN. To select the required wireless stations, click the "Select Stations" button.

All Wireless Stations - All wireless stations can use the access point to access the Internet.

Selected Wireless stations only - Only selected wireless stations use the access point to access the Internet. To select the required wireless stations, click the "Select Stations" button.

Buttons

Configure WEP

Click this button to view the WEP sub-screen.

Select Stations

Save

Click this button to select the required PCs.

Save the data on screen.

Cancel

The "Cancel" button will discard any data you have entered since the last "Save" operation.

18

WEP Screen

This screen is accessed by clicking the "Configure WEP" button on the Wireless screen.

Setup

Figure 8: WEP Screen

Data - WEP Screen

WEP Data

Encryption

Authentication

Type

Key Input

Default Key

Key Value

Passphrase

Select the option to match other Wireless Stations:

Disabled - data is NOT encrypted before being transmitted.

64 Bit - data is encrypted, using the default key, before being transmitted. You must enter at least the default key. For 64 Bit Encryption, the key size is 5 chars (ASCII) or 10 chars in HEX

128 Bit - data is encrypted, using the default key, before being transmitted. You must enter at least the default key. For 128 Bit

Encryption, the key size is 13 chars (ASCII) or 26 chars in HEX

Note: Hex chars are 0~9 and A~F.

Normally, this should be left at the default value of "Automatic". If changed to "Open System" or "Shared Key", ensure that your Wireless

Stations use the same setting.

Select "Hex" or "ASCII" depending on your input method. (All keys are converted to Hex, ASCII input is only for convenience.)

Select the key you wish to be the default. Transmitted data is

ALWAYS encrypted using the Default Key; the other Keys are for decryption only.

You must enter a Key Value for the Default Key. Other stations must have the same key.

Enter the key value or values you wish to use. The Default Key is required, the others are optional.

If desired, you can generate a key from a phrase, instead of entering the key value directly. Enter the desired phrase, and click the "Generate Keys" button.

19

Wireless Router User Guide

Password Screen

The password screen allows you to assign a password to the Wireless Router.

Figure 9: Password Screen

Once you have assigned a password to the Wireless Router (on the Password screen above) you will be prompted for the password when you connect, as shown below. (If no password has been set, this dialog will not appear.)

Figure 10: Password Dialog

• Leave the "User Name" blank.

• Enter the password for the Wireless Router, as set on the Password screen above.

20

Chapter 4

PC Configuration

This Chapter details the PC Configuration required on the local ("Internal")

LAN.

4

Overview

For each PC, the following may need to be configured:

• TCP/IP network settings

• Internet Access configuration

• Wireless configuration

Windows Clients

This section describes how to configure Windows clients for Internet access via the Wireless

Router.

The first step is to check the PC's TCP/IP settings.

The Wireless Router uses the TCP/IP network protocol for all functions, so it is essential that the TCP/IP protocol be installed and configured on each PC.

TCP/IP Settings - Overview

If using the default Wireless Router settings, and the default Windows

TCP/IP settings, no changes need to be made.

• By default, the Wireless Router will act as a DHCP Server, automatically providing a suitable IP Address (and related information) to each PC when the PC boots.

• For all non-Server versions of Windows, the default TCP/IP setting is to act as a DHCP client.

If using a Fixed (specified) IP address, the following changes are required:

• The Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Wireless Router

• The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP.

If your LAN has a Router, the LAN Administrator must reconfigure the Router itself. Refer to Chapter 8 - Ad-

vanced Setup for details.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 9x/ME:

1. Select Control Panel - Network. You should see a screen like the following:

Figure 11: Network Configuration

2. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.

3. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.

Figure 12: IP Address (Win 95)

Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as follows:

Using DHCP

To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default

Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless Router will act as a

DHCP Server.

Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless Router.

Using "Specify an IP Address"

If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the following changes:

22

PC Configuration

• On the Gateway tab, enter the Wireless Router's IP address in the New Gateway field and click Add, as shown below. Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Wireless Router.

Figure 13: Gateway Tab (Win 95/98)

• On the DNS Configuration tab, ensure Enable DNS is selected. If the DNS Server Search

Order list is empty, enter the DNS address provided by your ISP in the fields beside the

Add button, then click Add.

Figure 14: DNS Tab (Win 95/98)

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Wireless Router User Guide

Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows NT4.0

1. Select Control Panel - Network, and, on the Protocols tab, select the TCP/IP protocol, as shown below.

Figure 15: Windows NT4.0 - TCP/IP

2. Click the Properties button to see a screen like the one below.

24

PC Configuration

Figure 16: Windows NT4.0 - IP Address

3. Select the network card for your LAN.

4. Select the appropriate radio button - Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server or Specify

an IP Address, as explained below.

Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server

This is the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless

Router will act as a DHCP Server.

Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless Router.

Specify an IP Address

If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the following changes.

1. The Default Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Wireless Router. To set this:

• Click the Advanced button on the screen above.

• On the following screen, click the Add button in the Gateways panel, and enter the

Wireless Router's IP address, as shown in Figure 17 below.

• If necessary, use the Up button to make the Wireless Router the first entry in the

Gateways list.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Figure 17 - Windows NT4.0 - Add Gateway

2. The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP, as follows:

• Click the DNS tab.

• On the DNS screen, shown below, click the Add button (under DNS Service Search

Order), and enter the DNS provided by your ISP.

26

PC Configuration

Figure 18: Windows NT4.0 - DNS

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Wireless Router User Guide

Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 2000:

1. Select Control Panel - Network and Dial-up Connection.

2. Right - click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. You should see a screen like the following:

Figure 19: Network Configuration (Win 2000)

3. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.

4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.

28

PC Configuration

Figure 20: TCP/IP Properties (Win 2000)

5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as described below.

Using DHCP

To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default

Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless Router will act as a

DHCP Server.

Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless Router.

Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")

If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the following changes.

• Enter the Wireless Router's IP address in the Default gateway field and click OK. (Your

LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Wireless Router.)

• If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows XP

1. Select Control Panel - Network Connection.

2. Right click the Local Area Connection and choose Properties. You should see a screen like the following:

Figure 21: Network Configuration (Windows XP)

3. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.

4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.

30

PC Configuration

Figure 22: TCP/IP Properties (Windows XP)

5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.

Using DHCP

To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default

Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless Router will act as a

DHCP Server.

Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless Router.

Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")

If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the following changes.

• In the Default gateway field, enter the Wireless Router's IP address and click OK. Your

LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Wireless Router.

• If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Internet Access

To configure your PCs to use the Wireless Router for Internet access:

• Ensure that the DSL modem, Cable modem, or other permanent connection is functional.

• Use the following procedure to configure your Browser to access the Internet via the LAN, rather than by a Dial-up connection.

For Windows 9x/ME/2000

1. Select Start Menu - Settings - Control Panel - Internet Options.

2. Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.

3. Select "I want to set up my Internet connection manually, or I want to connect through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.

4. Select "I connect through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.

5. Ensure all of the boxes on the following Local area network Internet Configuration screen are unchecked.

6. Check the "No" option when prompted "Do you want to set up an Internet mail account now?".

7. Click Finish to close the Internet Connection Wizard.

Setup is now completed.

For Windows XP

1. Select Start Menu - Control Panel - Network and Internet Connections.

2. Select Set up or change your Internet Connection.

3. Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.

4. Cancel the pop-up "Location Information" screen.

5. Click Next on the "New Connection Wizard" screen.

6. Select "Connect to the Internet" and click Next.

7. Select "Set up my connection manually" and click Next.

8. Check "Connect using a broadband connection that is always on" and click Next.

9. Click Finish to close the New Connection Wizard.

Setup is now completed.

Accessing AOL

To access AOL (America On Line) through the Wireless Router, the AOL for Windows software must be configured to use TCP/IP network access, rather than a dial-up connection. The configuration process is as follows:

• Start the AOL for Windows communication software. Ensure that it is Version 2.5, 3.0 or later. This procedure will not work with earlier versions.

• Click the Setup button.

• Select Create Location, and change the location name from "New Locality" to "Wireless

Router".

• Click Edit Location. Select TCP/IP for the Network field. (Leave the Phone Number blank.)

• Click Save, then OK.

Configuration is now complete.

• Before clicking "Sign On", always ensure that you are using the "Wireless Router" location.

32

PC Configuration

Macintosh Clients

From your Macintosh, you can access the Internet via the Wireless Router. The procedure is as follows.

1. Open the TCP/IP Control Panel.

2. Select Ethernet from the Connect via pop-up menu.

3. Select Using DHCP Server from the Configure pop-up menu. The DHCP Client ID field can be left blank.

4. Close the TCP/IP panel, saving your settings.

Note:

If using manually assigned IP addresses instead of DHCP, the required changes are:

• Set the Router Address field to the Wireless Router's IP Address.

• Ensure your DNS settings are correct.

Linux Clients

To access the Internet via the Wireless Router, it is only necessary to set the Wireless Router as the "Gateway".

Ensure you are logged in as "root" before attempting any changes.

Fixed IP Address

By default, most Unix installations use a fixed IP Address. If you wish to continue using a fixed IP Address, make the following changes to your configuration.

• Set your "Default Gateway" to the IP Address of the Wireless Router.

• Ensure your DNS (Name server) settings are correct.

To act as a DHCP Client (recommended)

The procedure below may vary according to your version of Linux and X -windows shell.

1. Start your X Windows client.

2. Select Control Panel - Network

3. Select the "Interface" entry for your Network card. Normally, this will be called "eth0".

4. Click the Edit button, set the "protocol" to "DHCP", and save this data.

5. To apply your changes

• Use the "Deactivate" and "Activate" buttons, if available.

• OR, restart your system.

Other Unix Systems

To access the Internet via the Wireless Router:

• Ensure the "Gateway" field for your network card is set to the IP Address of the Wireless

Router.

• Ensure your DNS (Name Server) settings are correct.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Wireless Station Configuration

This section applies to all Wireless stations wishing to use the Wireless Router's Access Point, regardless of the operating system which is used on the client.

To use the Wireless Access Point in the Wireless Router, each Wireless Station must have compatible settings, as follows:

Mode

The mode must be set to Infrastructure.

SSID (ESSID)

This must match the value used on the Wireless Router. The default value is BLW-04GM

Note! The SSID is case sensitive.

WEP

By default, WEP on the Wireless Router is disabled.

• If WEP remains disabled on the Wireless Router, all stations must have WEP disabled.

• If WEP is enabled on the Wireless Router, each station must use the same settings as the Wireless Router.

Note:

By default, the Wireless Router will allow both 802.11b and 802.11g connections.

34

Chapter 5

Operation and Status

This Chapter details the operation of the Wireless Router and the status screens.

5

Operation

Once both the Wireless Router and the PCs are configured, operation is automatic.

However, there are some situations where additional Internet configuration may be required:

• If using Internet-based Communication Applications, it may be necessary to specify which PC receives an incoming connection. Refer to Chapter 6 - Advanced Features for further details.

• Applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers may be blocked by the

Wireless Router's built-in firewall. You can define such applications as Special Applica-

tions to allow them to function normally. Refer to Chapter 6 - Advanced Features for further details.

• Some non-standard applications may require use of the DMZ feature. Refer to Chapter 6 -

Advanced Features for further details.

Status Screen

Use the Status link on the main menu to view this screen.

Figure 23: Status Screen

35

Wireless Router User Guide

Data - Status Screen

Internet

Connection Method

This indicates the current connection method, as set in the Setup

Wizard or WAN Port screen.

Broadband Modem

This shows the status of the connection from the Wireless Router to the Broadband Modem.

Internet Connection

Current connection status:

• Active

• Idle

• Unknown

• Failed

If there is an error, you can click the "Connection Details" button to find out more information.

Internet IP Address

This IP Address is allocated by the ISP (Internet Service Provider). If there is no current connection, this will be blank or

0.0.0.0.

"Connection Details"

Button

Click this button to open a sub-window and view a detailed description of the current connection. Depending on the type of connection, a "Connection Log" may also be available.

LAN

IP Address

Network Mask

DHCP Server

The IP Address of the Wireless Router.

The Network Mask (Subnet Mask) for the IP Address above.

This shows the status of the DHCP Server function - either

"Enabled" or "Disabled".

For additional information about the PCs on your LAN, and the

IP addresses allocated to them, use the PC Database option on the Administration menu.

System

Device Name

Firmware Version

This displays the current name of the Wireless Router.

The current version of the firmware installed in the Wireless

Router.

Buttons

Connection Details

System Data

Restart

Refresh Screen

View the details of the current Internet connection. The subscreen displayed will depend on the connection method used. See the following sections for details of each sub-screen.

Display all system information in a sub-window.

Clicking this button will restart (reboot) the Wireless Router. All existing connections though the Wireless Router will be terminated, but will usually re-connect automatically.

Update the data displayed on screen.

36

Operation and Status

Connection Status - PPPoE

If using PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.

Figure 24: PPPoE Status Screen

Data - PPPoE Screen

Connection

Physical Address

IP Address

Network Mask

PPPoE Link Status

The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by devices on the local LAN.)

The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.

This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.

• If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button can be used to establish a connection.

• If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect" button can be used to break the connection.

Connection Log

Connection Log

• The Connection Log shows status messages relating to the existing connection.

• The most common messages are listed in the table below.

• The "Clear Log" button will restart the Log, while the Refresh button will update the messages shown on screen.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Buttons

Connect

Disconnect

Clear Log

If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.

If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.

Delete all data currently in the Log. This will make it easier to read new messages.

Refresh

Update the data on screen.

Connection Log Messages

Message

Connect on Demand

Description

Connection attempt has been triggered by the "Connect automatically, as required" setting.

Manual connection Connection attempt started by the "Connect" button.

Reset physical connection Preparing line for connection attempt.

Attempting to connect to the ISP's server. Connecting to remote server

Remote Server located ISP's Server has responded to connection attempt.

Start PPP

PPP up successfully

Idle time-out reached

Disconnecting

Error: Remote Server not found

Error: PPP Connection failed

Attempting to login to ISP's Server and establish a PPP connection.

Able to login to ISP's Server and establish a PPP connection.

The connection has been idle for the time period specified in the "Idle Time-out" field. The connection will now be terminated.

The current connection is being terminated, due to either the

"Idle Time-out" above, or "Disconnect" button being clicked.

ISP's Server did not respond. This could be a Server problem, or a problem with the link to the Server.

Error: Connection to

Server lost

Error: Invalid or unknown packet type

Unable to establish a PPP connection with the ISP's Server.

This could be a login problem (name or password) or a Server problem.

The existing connection has been lost. This could be caused by a power failure, a link failure, or Server failure.

The data received from the ISP's Server could not be processed. This could be caused by data corruption (from a bad link), or the Server using a protocol which is not supported by this device.

38

Operation and Status

Connection Status - PPTP

If using PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol), a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.

Figure 25: PPTP Status Screen

Data - PPTP Screen

Connection

Physical Address

The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by devices on the local LAN.)

IP Address

The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

PPTP Status

This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.

• If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button can be used to establish a connection.

• If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect" button can be used to break the connection.

Connection Log

Connection Log

• The Connection Log shows status messages relating to the existing connection.

• The "Clear Log" button will restart the Log, while the Refresh button will update the messages shown on screen.

Buttons

Connect

Disconnect

If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.

If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Clear Log

Delete all data currently in the Log. This will make it easier to read new messages.

Update the data on screen.

Refresh

Connection Status - L2TP

If using L2TP, a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection

Details" button is clicked.

Figure 26: L2TP Status Screen

Data - L2TP Screen

Connection

Physical Address

The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by devices on the local LAN.)

IP Address

The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

Connection Status

This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.

• If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button can be used to establish a connection.

• If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect" button can be used to break the connection.

Connection Log

Connection Log

• The Connection Log shows status messages relating to the existing connection.

40

Operation and Status

• The "Clear Log" button will restart the Log, while the Refresh button will update the messages shown on screen.

Buttons

Connect

Disconnect

Clear Log

If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.

If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.

Delete all data currently in the Log. This will make it easier to read new messages.

Update the data on screen.

Refresh

Connection Status - Telstra Big Pond

An example screen is shown below.

Figure 27: Telstra Big Pond Status Screen

Data - Big Pond Screen

Connection

Physical Address

IP Address

The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices.

(This is different to the hardware address seen by devices on the local LAN.)

The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

Connection Status

This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.

• If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button can be used to establish a connection.

• If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect" button can be used to break the connection.

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Wireless Router User Guide

• Normally, it is not necessary to use the Connect and Disconnect buttons unless the setting "Connect automatically, as required" is disabled.

Connection Log

Connection Log

• The Connection Log shows status messages relating to the existing connection.

• The Clear Log button will restart the Log, while the Refresh button will update the messages shown on screen.

Buttons

Connect

Disconnect

Clear Log

If not connected, establish a connection to Telstra Big Pond.

If connected to Telstra Big Pond, terminate the connection.

Delete all data currently in the Log. This will make it easier to read new messages.

Update the data on screen.

Refresh

Connection Details - SingTel RAS

If using the SingTel RAS access method, a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.

Figure 28: Connection Details - RAS

Data - RAS Screen

Internet

RAS Plan

The RAS Plan which is currently used.

Physical Address

The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by

42

Operation and Status

IP Address

devices on the local LAN.)

The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

Network Mask

The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.

Default Gateway

The IP Address of the remote Gateway or Router associated with the

IP Address above.

DNS IP Address

The IP Address of the Domain Name Server which is currently used.

DHCP Client

This will show "Enabled" or "Disabled", depending on whether or not this device is functioning as a DHCP client.

If "Enabled" the "Remaining lease time" field indicates when the IP

Address allocated by the DHCP Server will expire. The lease is automatically renewed on expiry; use the "Renew" button if you wish to manually renew the lease immediately.

Buttons

Release/Renew

Button will display

EITHER

"Release"

OR

"Renew"

Refresh

This button is only useful if the IP address shown above is allocated automatically on connection. (Dynamic IP address). If you have a

Fixed (Static) IP address, this button has no effect.

• If the ISP's DHCP Server has NOT allocated an IP Address for the Wireless Router, this button will say "Renew". Clicking the

"Renew" button will attempt to re-establish the connection and obtain an IP Address from the ISP's DHCP Server.

• If an IP Address has been allocated to the Wireless Router (by the ISP's DHCP Server), this button will say "Release". Clicking the "Release" button will break the connection and release the IP

Address.

Update the data shown on screen.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address

If your access method is "Direct" (no login), a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.

Figure 29: Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address

Data - Fixed/Dynamic IP address Screen

Internet

Physical Address

The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by devices on the local LAN.)

IP Address

Network Mask

The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).

The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.

Default Gateway

The IP Address of the remote Gateway or Router associated with the

IP Address above.

DNS IP Address

The IP Address of the Domain Name Server which is currently used.

DHCP Client

This will show "Enabled" or "Disabled", depending on whether or not this device is functioning as a DHCP client.

If "Enabled" the "Remaining lease time" field indicates when the IP

Address allocated by the DHCP Server will expire. The lease is automatically renewed on expiry; use the "Renew" button if you wish to manually renew the lease immediately.

44

Operation and Status

Buttons

Release/Renew

Button will display

EITHER

"Release"

OR

"Renew"

This button is only useful if the IP address shown above is allocated automatically on connection. (Dynamic IP address). If you have a

Fixed (Static) IP address, this button has no effect.

• If the ISP's DHCP Server has NOT allocated an IP Address for the Wireless Router, this button will say "Renew". Clicking the

"Renew" button will attempt to re-establish the connection and obtain an IP Address from the ISP's DHCP Server.

• If an IP Address has been allocated to the Wireless Router (by the ISP's DHCP Server), this button will say "Release". Clicking the "Release" button will break the connection and release the IP

Address.

Update the data shown on screen.

Refresh

45

Chapter 6

Advanced Features

This Chapter explains when and how to use the Wireless Router's "Advanced"

Features.

6

Overview

The following advanced features are provided.

• Access Control

• Dynamic DNS

• Advanced Internet

• Communication Applications

• Special Applications

• Multi-DMZ

• URL filter

• Virtual Servers

• WAN Port

Access Control

This feature is accessed by the Access Control link on the Advanced menu.

Overview

The Access Control feature allows administrators to restrict the level of Internet Access available to PCs on your LAN. With the default settings, everyone has unrestricted Internet access.

To use this feature:

1. Set the desired restrictions on the "Default" group. All PCs are in the "Default" group unless explicitly moved to another group.

2. Set the desired restrictions on the other groups ("Group 1", "Group 2", "Group 3" and

"Group 4") as needed.

3. Assign PC to the groups as required.

Restrictions are imposed by blocking "Services", or types of connections. All common Services are pre-defined.

If required, you can also define your own Services.

46

Access Control Screen

To view this screen, select the Access Control link on the Advanced menu.

Advanced Features

Figure 30: Access Control Screen

Data - Access Control Screen

Group

Group

Select the desired Group. The screen will update to display the settings for the selected Group. Groups are named "Default",

"Group 1", "Group 2", "Group 3" and "Group 4", and cannot be renamed.

"Members" Button

Click this button to add or remove members from the current

Group.

• If the current group is "Default", then members can not be added or deleted. This group contains PCs not allocated to any other group.

• To remove PCs from the Default Group, assign them to another Group.

• To assign PCs to the Default Group, delete them from the

Group they are currently in.

See the following section for details of the Group Members screen.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Internet Access

Restrictions

Select the desired options for the current group:

None - Nothing is blocked. Use this to create the least restrictive group.

Block all Internet access - All traffic via the WAN port is blocked. Use this to create the most restrictive group.

Block selected Services - You can select which Services are to block. Use this to gain fine control over the Internet access for a group.

Block by Schedule

If Internet access is being blocked, you can choose to apply the blocking only during scheduled times. (If access is not blocked, no

Scheduling is possible, and this setting has no effect.)

Define Schedule

Button

Services

Clicking this will open a sub-window where you can define or modify the Schedule.

This lists all defined Services. Select the Services you wish to block. To select multiple services, hold the CTRL key while selecting. (On the Macintosh, hold the SHIFT key rather than

CTRL.)

Edit Service List

Button

If you wish to define additional Services, or manage the Service list, click this button to open the "Services" screen.

Buttons

Members

Define Schedule

Edit Service List

Save

Cancel

View Log

Clear Log

Refresh

Click this button to add or remove members from the current

Group.

If the current group is "Default", then members can not be added or deleted. This group contains PCs not allocated to any other group.

See the following section for details of the Group Members screen.

Click this to open a sub-window where you can define or modify the Schedule.

If you wish to define additional Services, or manage the Service list, click this button to open the "Services" screen.

Save the data on screen.

Reverse any changes made since the last "Save".

Click this to open a sub-window where you can view the "Access

Control" log. This log shows attempted Internet accesses which have been blocked by the Access Control feature.

Click this to clear and restart the "Access Control" log, making new entries easier to read.

Update the data on screen.

48

Advanced Features

Group Members Screen

This screen is displayed when the Members button on the Access Control screen is clicked.

Figure 31: Group Members

Use this screen to add or remove members (PCs) from the current group.

• The "Del >>" button will remove the selected PC (in the Members list) from the current group.

• The "<< Add" button will add the selected PC (in the Other PCs list) to the current group.

PCs not assigned to any group will be in the

"Default" group.

PCs deleted from any other Group will be added to the "Default" group.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Default Schedule Screen

This screen is displayed when the Define Schedule button on the Access Control screen is clicked.

• This schedule can be (optionally) applied to any Access Control Group.

• Blocking will be performed during the scheduled time (between the "Start" and "Finish" times.)

• Two (2) separate sessions or periods can be defined.

• Times must be entered using a 24 hr clock.

• If the time for a particular day is blank, no action will be performed.

Figure 32: Default Schedule Screen

Data - Default Schedule Screen

Day

Session 1

Session 2

Start Time

Finish Time

Each day of the week can scheduled independently.

Two (2) separate sessions or periods can be defined. Session 2 can be left blank if not required.

Enter the start using a 24 hr clock.

Enter the finish time using a 24 hr clock.

50

Advanced Features

Services Screen

This screen is displayed when the Edit Service List button on the Access Control screen is clicked.

Figure 33: Access Control - Services

Data - Services Screen

Available Services

Available Services This lists all the available services.

"Delete" button

Use this to delete any Service you have added. Pre-defined Services can not be deleted.

Add New Service

Name

Type

Start Port

Finish Port

Enter a descriptive name to identify this service.

Select the protocol (TCP, UDP, ICMP) used to the remote system or service.

For TCP and UDP Services, enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the service. If the service uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

For TCP and UDP Services, enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the service. If the service uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

For ICMP Services, enter the type number of the required service. ICMP Type

Buttons

Delete Delete the selected service from the list.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Save

Cancel

Add a new entry to the Service list, using the data shown in the "Add

New Service" area on screen.

Clear the " Add New Service " area, ready for entering data for a new

Service.

Access Control Log

To check the operation of the Access Control feature, an Access Control Log is provided.

Click the View Log button on the Access Control screen to view this log.

This log shows attempted Internet accesses which have been blocked by the Access Control function.

Data shown in this log is as follows:

Date/Time

Date and Time of the attempted access.

Name

If known, the name of the PC whose access was blocked.

Source IP address

The IP Address of the PC or device whose access request was blocked

MAC address

The hardware or physical address of the PC or device whose access request was blocked

Destination

The destination URL or IP address

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Advanced Features

Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server)

This free service is very useful when combined with the Virtual Server feature. It allows

Internet users to connect to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an IP Address.

This also solves the problem of having a dynamic IP address. With a dynamic IP address, your

IP address may change whenever you connect, which makes it difficult to connect to you.

The Service works as follows:

1. You must register for the service at one of the listed DDNS Service Providers.

2. After registration, follow the service provider's procedure to request a Domain Name and have it allocated to you.

3. Enter your DDNS data on the Wireless Router's DDNS screen.

4. The Wireless Router will then automatically ensure that your current IP Address is recorded at the DDNS server.

If the DDNS Service provides software to perform this "IP address update"; you should disable the "Update" function, or not use the software at all.

5. From the Internet, users will be able to connect to your Virtual Servers (or DMZ PC) using your Domain Name.

Dynamic DNS Screen

Select Advanced on the main menu, then Dynamic DNS, to see a screen like the following:

Figure 34: DDNS Screen

Data - Dynamic DNS Screen

DDNS Service

DDNS Service

• Select the desired DDNS Service Provider from the list. You must register for the service at one of the listed Service Providers. You can reach the Service provider's Web Site by selecting them in the list and clicking the "Web Site" button.

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Wireless Router User Guide

• Apply for a Domain Name, and ensure it is allocated to you.

• Details of your DDNS account (Name, password, Domain name) must then be entered and saved on this screen.

• This device will then automatically ensure that your current IP

Address is recorded by the DDNS Service Provider. (You do

NOT need to use the "Client" program provided by some DDNS

Service providers.)

• From the Internet, users will now be able to connect to your

Virtual Servers (or DMZ PC) using your Domain name.

DDNS Data

User Name

Password/Key

Domain Name

DDNS Status

Enter your Username for the DDNS Service.

Enter your current password for the DDNS Service.

Enter the domain name allocated to you by the DDNS Service. If you have more than one name, enter the name you wish to use.

• This message is returned by the DDNS Server

• Normally, this message should be "Update successful"

• If the message is "No host" or some other error message, you need to connect to the DDNS Service provider and correct the problem.

54

Advanced Features

Advanced Internet Screen

This screen allows configuration of all advanced features relating to Internet access.

• Communication Applications

• Special Applications

• Multi-DMZ

• URL filter

An example screen is shown below.

Figure 35: Internet Screen

Communication Applications

Most applications are supported transparently by the Wireless Router. But sometimes it is not clear which PC should receive an incoming connection. This problem could arise with the

Communication Applications listed on this screen.

If this problem arises, you can use this screen to set which PC should receive an incoming connection, as described below.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Communication Applications

Select an Application

This lists applications which may generate incoming connections, where the destination PC (on your local LAN) is unknown.

Send incoming calls to This lists the PCs on your LAN.

• If necessary, you can add PCs manually, using the "PC

Database" option on the advanced menu.

• For each application listed above, you can choose a destination PC.

• There is no need to "Save" after each change; you can set the destination PC for each application, then click "Save".

Special Applications

If you use Internet applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers, you may find that they do not function correctly because they are blocked by the Wireless Router's firewall. In this case, you can define the application as a "Special Application".

Special Applications Screen

This screen can be reached by clicking the Special Applications button on the Internet screen.

You can then define your Special Applications. You will need detailed information about the application; this is normally available from the supplier of the application.

Also, note that the terms "Incoming" and "Outgoing" on this screen refer to traffic from the client (PC) viewpoint

Figure 36: Special Applications Screen

56

Advanced Features

Data - Special Applications Screen

Checkbox

Use this to Enable or Disable this Special Application as required.

Name

Incoming

Ports

Outgoing

Ports

Enter a descriptive name to identify this Special Application.

Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you receive data from the special application or service. (Note: Some applications use different protocols for outgoing and incoming data).

Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you receive. If the application uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you receive.

Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you send data to the remote system or service.

Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you send to it. If the application uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you send to it. If the application uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

Using a Special Application

• Configure the Special Applications screen as required.

• On your PC, use the application normally. Remember that only one (1) PC can use each

Special application at any time. Also, when 1 PC is finished using a particular Special Application, there may need to be a "Time-out" before another PC can use the same Special

Application. The "Time-out" period may be up to 3 minutes.

If an application still cannot function correctly, try using the "DMZ" feature.

Multi-DMZ

This feature, if enabled, allows the DMZ computer or computers on your LAN to be exposed to all users on the Internet.

• This allows almost any application to be used on the "DMZ PC".

• The "DMZ PC" will receive all "Unknown" connections and data.

• If the DMZ feature is enabled, you must select the PC to be used as the "DMZ PC".

If you have multiple Internet IP addresses, you can assign one DMZ PC for each Internet IP address.

If you only have 1 WAN IP address, only "DMZ 1" can be used, and only one (1) PC can be the DMZ PC. The current WAN IP address is displayed. If this address is assigned upon connection, and no connection currently exists, then this address will be blank or 0.0.0.0.

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Wireless Router User Guide

The "DMZ PC" is effectively outside the Firewall, making it more vulnerable to attacks. For this reason, you should only enable the DMZ feature when required.

URL Filter

The URL Filter allows you to block access to undesirable Web site

• To use this feature, you must define "filter strings". If the "filter string" appears in a requested URL, the request is blocked.

• Enabling the URL Filter also affects the Internet Access Log. If Enabled, the "Destination" field in the log will display the URL. Otherwise, it will display the IP Address.

URL Filter Screen

Click the "Configure URL Filter" button on the Internet screen to access the URL Filter screen.

An example screen is shown below.

Figure 37: URL Filter Screen

Data - URL Filter Screen

Filter Strings

Current Entries

This lists any existing entries. If you have not entered any values, this list will be empty.

Add Filter String To add an entry to the list, enter it here, and click the "Add" button.

An entry may be a Domain name (e.g. www.trash.com) or simply a string. (e.g. ads/ )

Any URL which contains ANY entry ANYWHERE in the URL will be blocked.

58

Advanced Features

Buttons

Delete/Delete All

Use these buttons to delete the selected entry or all entries, as required.

Multiple entries can be selected by holding down the CTRL key while selecting.(On the Macintosh, hold the SHIFT key while selecting.)

Add

Use this to add the current Filter String to the site list.

Virtual Servers

This feature, sometimes called Port Forwarding, allows you to make Servers on your LAN accessible to Internet users. Normally, Internet users would not be able to access a server on your LAN because:

• Your Server does not have a valid external IP Address.

• Attempts to connect to devices on your LAN are blocked by the firewall in this device.

The "Virtual Server" feature solves these problems and allows Internet users to connect to your servers, as illustrated below.

Figure 38: Virtual Servers

IP Address seen by Internet Users

Note that, in this illustration, both Internet users are connecting to the same IP Address, but using different protocols.

To Internet users, all virtual Servers on your LAN have the same IP Address.

This IP Address is allocated by your ISP.

This address should be static, rather than dynamic, to make it easier for Internet users to connect to your Servers.

However, you can use the DDNS (Dynamic DNS) feature to allow users to connect to your

Virtual Servers using a URL, instead of an IP Address.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Virtual Servers Screen

The Virtual Servers screen is reached by the Virtual Servers link on the Advanced screen. An example screen is shown below.

Figure 39: Virtual Servers Screen

This screen lists a number of pre-defined Servers, and allows you to define your own Servers.

Details of the selected Server are shown in the "Properties" area.

Data - Virtual Servers Screen

Servers

Servers This lists a number of pre-defined Servers, plus any Servers you have defined. Details of the selected Server are shown in the

"Properties" area.

Properties

Enable

PC (Server)

Protocol

Internal Port No.

Use this to Enable or Disable support for this Server, as required.

• If Enabled, any incoming connections will be forwarded to the selected PC.

• If Disabled, any incoming connection attempts will be blocked.

Select the PC for this Server. The PC must be running the appropriate Server software.

Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used by the Server.

Enter the port number which the Server software is configured to use.

60

Advanced Features

External Port No.

The port number used by Internet users when connecting to the

Server. This is normally the same as the Internal Port Number. If it is different, this device will perform a "mapping" or "translation" function, allowing the server to use one port address, while clients use a different port address.

Buttons

Defaults

Disable All

This will cause the "Enable" setting of all Virtual Servers to be set

OFF.

Update Selected

Server

Update the current Virtual Server entry, using the data shown in the

"Properties" area on screen.

Add as new Server

Add a new entry to the Virtual Server list, using the data shown in the "Properties" area on screen. The entry selected in the list is ignored, and has no effect.

Delete

Clear Form

This will delete any Servers you have defined, and set the predefined Servers to use their default port numbers.

Delete the current Virtual Server entry. Note that the pre-defined

Servers can not be deleted. Only Servers you have defined yourself can be deleted.

Clear all data from the "Properties" area, ready for input of a new

Virtual Server entry.

For each entry, the PC must be running the appropriate Server software.

Defining your own Virtual Servers

If the type of Server you wish to use is not listed on the Virtual Servers screen, you can define and manage your own Servers:

Create a new Server:

1. Click "Clear Form"

2. Enter the required data, as described above.

3. Click "Add".

4. The new Server will now appear in the list.

Modify (Edit) a Server:

1. Select the desired Server from the list

2. Make any desired changes (for example, change the

Enable/Disable setting).

3. Click "Update" to save changes to the selected Server.

Delete a Server:

1. Select the entry from the list.

2. Click "Delete".

Note: You can only delete Servers you have defined. Predefined Server cannot be deleted.

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Wireless Router User Guide

From the Internet, ALL Virtual Servers have the IP

Address allocated by your ISP.

Connecting to the Virtual Servers

Once configured, anyone on the Internet can connect to your Virtual Servers. They must use the Internet IP Address (the IP Address allocated to you by your ISP). e.g. http://203.70.212.52 ftp://203.70.212.52

It is more convenient if you are using a Fixed IP Address from your ISP, rather than Dynamic.

However, you can use the Dynamic DNS feature, described in the following section, to allow users to connect to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an IP Address.

62

WAN Port Configuration

The WAN Port option is on the Advanced menu.

Advanced Features

Figure 40: WAN Port Screen

Data – WAN Port Screen

Identification

Hostname

Domain Name

WAN Port MAC

Address

Normally, there is no need to change the default name, but if your

ISP requests that you use a particular Hostname, enter it here.

If your ISP provided a domain name, enter it here. Otherwise, this may be left blank.

Also called Network Adapter Address or Physical Address. This is a low-level identifier, as seen from the WAN port.

Normally there is no need to change this, but some ISPs require a particular value, often that of the PC initially used for Internet access.

You can use the Copy from PC button to copy your PC's address into this field, the Default button to insert the default value, or enter a value directly.

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Wireless Router User Guide

IP Address

Automatic

Specified IP

Address

Also called Dynamic IP Address. This is the default, and the most common.

Leave this selected if your ISP allocates an IP Address to the Wireless Router upon connection.

Also called Static IP Address. Select this if your ISP has allocated you a fixed IP Address. If this option is selected, the following data must be entered.

• IP Address

The IP Address allocated by the ISP.

• Network Mask (Not required for PPPoE)

This is also supplied by your ISP. It must be compatible with the

IP Address above.

• Gateway IP Address (Not required for PPPoE)

The address of the router or gateway, as supplied by your ISP.

DNS

Automatically obtain from Serve

Use this DNS

The DNS (Domain Name Server) address will be obtained automatically from your ISP's server.

Note that if using a fixed IP address, with no login (login is set to

"None"), then no Server is used, so this option cannot be used.

If this option is selected, you must enter the IP address of the DNS

(Domain Name Server) you wish to use.

Note: If the DNS is unavailable, the "Backup DNS", entered on the

"Options" screen, will be used

Login

Login Method

If your ISP does not use a login method (username, password) for

Internet access, leave this at the default value None (Direct connec-

tion). Otherwise, check the documentation from your ISP, select the login method used, and enter the required data.

PPPoE - this is the most common login method, widely used with DSL modems. Normally, your ISP will have provided some software to connect and login. This software is no longer required, and should not be used.

PPPoE (Unnumbered IP) - this can only be used if your ISP supports this system, and has allocated you multiple IP addresses. If selected, you must also select "Specified IP Address" above and enter one of the IP addresses allocated to you by your

ISP.

PPTP - this is mainly used in Europe. You need to know the

PPTP Server address as well as your name and password.

L2TP - this is not widely used. You need to know the PPTP

Server address as well as your name and password.

Big Pond Cable - for Australia only.

SingTel RAS - for Singapore only.

Login User Name

The User Name (or account name) provided by your ISP.

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Advanced Features

Login Password

RAS Plan

Server Address

Connection

Behavior

Auto-disconnect

Idle Time-out

Enter the password for the login name above.

For SingTel customers only, select the RAS plan you are on.

This is not required for PPPoE or SingTel RAS.

For PPTP, L2TP and BPA, enter the Server address as provided by your ISP.

Select the desired option:

Automatic Connect/Disconnect

An Internet connection is automatically made when required, and disconnected when idle for the time period specified by the

"Auto-disconnect Idle Time-out".

Manual Connect/Disconnect

You must manually establish and terminate the connection.

Keep alive (maintain connection)

The connection will never be disconnected by this device. If disconnected by your ISP, the connection will be re-established immediately. (However, this does not ensure that your Internet

IP address will remain unchanged.)

This field has no effect unless using the Automatic Con-

nect/Disconnect setting.

If using this setting, enter the desired idle time-out period (in minutes). After the connection to your ISP has been idle for this time period, the connection will be terminated.

Buttons

Default

Copy from PC

Save

Cancel

Inserts the default MAC address into the MAC address field. You must click "Save" to actually change the address used.

Inserts the MAC address from your PC into the MAC address field.

You must click "Save" to actually change the address used.

Save your changes to the Wireless Router.

Reverse any changes made since the last "Save".

65

Chapter 7

Advanced Administration

This Chapter explains the settings available via the "Administration" section of the menu.

7

Overview

Normally, it is not necessary to use these screens, or change any settings. These screens and settings are provided to deal with non-standard situations, or to provide additional options for advanced users.

The available settings and features are:

Config File

Backup or restore the configuration file for the Wireless Router. This file contains all the configuration data.

Logs

Network

Diagnostics

Options

View or clear all logs, set E-Mailing of log files.

Ping, DNS Lookup.

PC Database

Remote

Administration

Routing

Security

Firmware

Upgrade

Various options, such as backup DNS, UPnP, and enable TFTP firmware upgrade option.

This is the list of PCs shown when you select the "DMZ PC" or a "Virtual Server". This database is maintained automatically, but you can add and delete entries for PCs which use a Fixed (Static) IP Address.

Allow settings to be changed from the Internet..

Only required if your LAN has other Routers or Gateways.

Firewall and other security-related settings. Normally, the default settings do not need to be changed.

Upgrade the Firmware (software) installed in your Wireless Router.

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Advanced Administration

Config File

This feature allows you to download the current settings from the Wireless Router, and save them to a file on your PC.

You can restore a previously-downloaded configuration file to the Wireless Router, by uploading it to the Wireless Router.

This screen also allows you to set the Wireless Router back to its factory default configuration.

Any existing settings will be deleted.

An example Config File screen is shown below.

Figure 41: Config Screen

Data - Config File Screen

Backup Config

Use this to download a copy of the current configuration, and store the file on your PC. Click Download to start the download.

Restore Config

This allows you to restore a previously-saved configuration file back to the Wireless Router.

Click Browse to select the configuration file, then click Restore to upload the configuration file.

WARNING !

Uploading a configuration file will destroy (overwrite) ALL of the existing settings.

Default Config

Clicking the Restore Defaults button will reset the Wireless Router to its factory default settings.

WARNING !

This will delete ALL of the existing settings.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Logs

The Logs record various types of activity on the Wireless Router. This data is useful for troubleshooting, but enabling all logs will generate a large amount of data and adversely affect performance.

Since only a limited amount of log data can be stored in the Wireless Router, log data can also be E-mailed to your PC.

Figure 42: Logs Screen

Data - Logs Screen

Enable Logs

Outgoing Connections

Access Control

DoS Attacks

Timezone

If selected, Outgoing Internet connections are logged. Normally, the (Internet) "Destination" will be shown as an IP address. But if the "URL Filter" is enabled, the "Destination" will be shown as a

URL.

If enabled, the log will include attempted outgoing connections which have been blocked by the "Access Control" feature.

If enabled, this log will show details of DoS (Denial of Service) attacks which have been blocked by the built-in Firewall.

Select the correct Timezone for your location. This is required for the date/time shown on the logs to be correct.

E-Mail Reports

Send E-mail alert

If enabled, an E-mail will be sent immediately if a DoS (Denial of

Service) attack is detected. If enabled, the E-mail address information must be provided.

68

E-mail Logs

Send

E-Mail Address

E-mail Address

Subject

SMTP Server

Port No.

Advanced Administration

You can choose to have the logs E-mailed to you, by enabling either or both checkboxes. If enabled, the Log will be sent to the specified E-mail address. The interval between E-mails is determined by the "Send" setting.

Select the desired option for sending the log by E-mail.

When log is full - The time is not fixed. The log will be sent when the log is full, which will depend on the volume of traffic.

Every day, Every Monday ... - The log is sent on the interval specified.

• If "Every day" is selected, the log is sent at the time specified.

• If the day is specified, the log is sent once per week, on the specified day.

• Select the time of day you wish the E-mail to be sent.

• If the log is full before the time specified to send it, it will be sent regardless.

Enter the E-mail address the Log is to be sent to. The E-mail will also show this address as the Sender's address.

Enter the text string to be shown in the "Subject" field for the Email.

Enter the address or IP address of the SMTP (Simple Mail Transport Protocol) Server you use for outgoing E-mail.

Enter the port number used to connect to the SMTP Server. The default value is 25.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Network Diagnostics

This screen allows you to perform a "Ping" or a "DNS lookup". These activities can be useful in solving network problems.

An example Network Diagnostics screen is shown below.

Figure 43: Network Diagnostics Screen

Data - Network Diagnostics Screen

Ping

Ping this

IP Address

Ping Button

Enter the IP address you wish to ping. The IP address can be on your

LAN, or on the Internet. Note that if the address is on the Internet, and no connection currently exists, you could get a "Timeout" error.

In that case, wait a few seconds and try again.

After entering the IP address, click this button to start the "Ping" procedure. The results will be displayed in the Ping Results pane.

DNS Lookup

Domain name/URL

Lookup Button

Enter the Domain name or URL for which you want a DNS (Domain

Name Server) lookup. Note that if the address in on the Internet, and no connection currently exists, you could get a "Timeout" error. In that case, wait a few seconds and try again.

After entering the Domain name/URL, click this button to start the

"DNS Lookup" procedure. The results will be displayed in the DNS

Lookup Results pane.

70

Advanced Administration

Options

This screen allows advanced users to enter or change a number of settings. For normal operation, there is no need to use this screen or change any settings.

An example Options screen is shown below.

Figure 44: Options Screen

Data - Options Screen

Backup DNS

IP Address

Enter the IP Address of the DNS (Domain Name Servers) here. These

DNS will be used only if the primary DNS is unavailable.

TFTP

Enable Firmware Upgrade using TFTP

• If enabled, TFTP (Trivial FTP) can be used to upgrade the firmware in this device. This is normally not required; a Windows utility is available for this purpose.

• You must obtain the firmware upgrade file first; instructions for using TFTP will be available with the upgrade.

UPnP

Enable UPnP

Services

Allow Configuration...

• UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery and configuration of equipment attached to your LAN. UPnP is by supported by Windows ME, XP, or later.

• If Enabled, this device will be visible via UPnP.

• If Disabled, this device will not be visible via UPnP.

• If checked, then UPnP users can change the configuration.

• If Disabled, UPnP users can only view the configuration. But currently, this restriction only applies to users running Windows

XP, who access the Properties via UPnP. (e.g. Right - click the

Wireless Router in My Network Places, and select Properties)

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Wireless Router User Guide

Allow Internet access to be disabled

• If checked, then UPnP users can disable Internet access via this device.

• If Disabled, UPnP users can NOT disable Internet access via this device. But currently, this restriction only applies to users running

Windows XP, who access the Properties via UPnP. (e.g. Right - click the Wireless Router in My Network Places, and select Prop-

erties)

MTU

MTU size

MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) value should only be changed if advised to do so by Technical Support.

• Enter a value between 1 and 1500.

• This device will still auto-negotiate with the remote server, to set the MTU size. The smaller of the 2 values (auto-negotiated, or entered here) will be used.

• For direct connections (not PPPoE or PPTP), the MTU used is always 1500.

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Advanced Administration

PC Database

The PC Database is used whenever you need to select a PC (e.g. for the "DMZ" PC). It eliminates the need to enter IP addresses. Also, you do not need to use fixed IP addresses on your

LAN.

PC Database Screen

An example PC Database screen is shown below.

Figure 45: PC Database

• PCs which are "DHCP Clients" are automatically added to the database, and updated as required.

• By default, non-Server versions of Windows act as "DHCP Clients"; this setting is called

"Obtain an IP Address automatically".

• The Wireless Router uses the "Hardware Address" to identify each PC, not the name or IP address. The "Hardware Address" can only change if you change the PC's network card or adapter.

• This system means you do NOT need to use Fixed (static) IP addresses on your LAN.

However, you can add PCs using Fixed (static) IP Addresses to the PC database if required.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Data - PC Database Screen

Known PCs

Name

IP Address

This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address) type.

The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the LAN.

If adding a new PC to the list, enter its name here. It is best if this matches the PC's "hostname".

Enter the IP Address of the PC. The PC will be sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. If the PC is not available (not connected, or not powered On) you will not be able to add it.

Buttons

Add

Delete

This will add the new PC to the list. The PC will be sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. If the PC is not available (not connected, or not powered On) you will not be able to add it.

Delete the selected PC from the list. This should be done in 2 situations:

• The PC has been removed from your LAN.

• The entry is incorrect.

Refresh

Update the data on screen.

Generate Report Display a read-only list showing full details of all entries in the PC database.

Advanced

Administration

View the Advanced version of the PC database screen - PC Database

(Admin). See below for details.

74

Advanced Administration

PC Database (Admin)

This screen is displayed if the "Advanced Administration" button on the PC Database is clicked. It provides more control than the standard PC Database screen.

Figure 46: PC Database (Admin)

Data - PC Database ( Admin) Screen

Known PCs

This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address) type.

The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the LAN.

PC Properties

Name

If adding a new PC to the list, enter its name here. It is best if this matches the PC's "hostname".

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Wireless Router User Guide

IP Address

MAC Address

Select the appropriate option:

Automatic - The PC is set to be a DHCP client (Windows: "Obtain an IP address automatically"). The Wireless Router will allocate an IP address to this PC when requested to do so. The IP address could change, but normally won't.

DCHP Client - Reserved IP Address - Select this if the PC is set to be a DCHP client, and you wish to guarantee that the Wireless

Router will always allocate the same IP Address to this PC.

Enter the required IP address. Only the last field is required; the other fields must match the Wireless Router's IP address.

Fixed IP Address - Select this if the PC is using a Fixed (Static)

IP address. Enter the IP address allocated to the PC. (The PC must be configured to use this IP address.)

Select the appropriate option

Automatic discovery - Select this to have the Wireless Router contact the PC and find its MAC address. This is only possible if the PC is connected to the LAN and powered On.

MAC is - Enter the MAC address on the PC. The MAC address is also called the "Hardware Address", "Physical Address", or "Network Adapter Address". The Wireless Router uses this to provide a unique identifier for each PC. Because of this, the MAC address can NOT be left blank.

Buttons

Add as New

Entry

Update Selected

PC

Clear Form

Refresh

Add a new PC to the list, using the data in the "Properties" box.

If "Automatic discovery" (for MAC address) is selected, the PC will be sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. This will fail unless the PC is connected to the LAN, and powered on.

Update (modify) the selected PC, using the data in the "Properties" box.

Clear the "Properties" box, ready for entering data for a new PC.

Update the data on screen.

Generate Report Display a read-only list showing full details of all entries in the PC database.

Standard Screen Click this to view the standard PC Database screen.

76

Advanced Administration

Remote Admin

If enabled, this feature allows you to manage the Wireless Router via the Internet.

Figure 47: Remote Administration Screen

Data - Remote Administration Screen

Remote Administration

Enable Remote

Management

Port Number

Enable to allow management via the Internet. If Disabled, this device will ignore management connection attempts from the Internet.

Current IP Ad-

dress

Enter a port number between 1024 and 65535 (8080 is recommended). This port number must be specified when you connect (see below).

Note: The default port number for HTTP (Web) connections is port

80, but using port 80 here will prevent the use of a Web "Virtual

Server" on your LAN. (See Advanced Internet - Virtual Servers)

You must use this IP Address to connect (see below).

This IP Address is allocated by your ISP. But if using a Dynamic IP

Address, this value can change each time you connect to your ISP.

So it is better if your ISP allocates you a Fixed IP Address.

To connect from a remote PC via the Internet

1. Ensure your Internet connection is established, and start your Web Browser.

2. In the "Address" bar, enter "HTTP://" followed by the Internet IP Address of the Wireless

Router. If the port number is not 80, the port number is also required. (After the IP Address, enter ":" followed by the port number.) e.g.

HTTP://123.123.123.123:8080

This example assumes the WAN IP Address is 123.123.123.123, and the port number is 8080.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Routing

Overview

• If you don't have other Routers or Gateways on your LAN, you can ignore the "Routing" page completely.

• If the Wireless Router is only acting as a Gateway for the local LAN segment, ignore the

"Routing" page even if your LAN has other Routers.

• If your LAN has a standard Router (e.g. Cisco) on your LAN, and the Wireless Router is to act as a Gateway for all LAN segments, enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol) and ignore the Static Routing table.

• If your LAN has other Gateways and Routers, and you wish to control which LAN segments use each Gateway, do NOT enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol). Configure the Static Routing table instead. (You also need to configure the other Routers.)

• If using Windows 2000 Data center Server as a software Router, enable RIP on the Wireless Router, and ensure the following Windows 2000 settings are correct:

• Open Routing and Remote Access

• In the console tree, select Routing and Remote Access , [server name], IP Routing,

RIP

• In the "Details" pane, right-click the interface you want to configure for RIP version 2, and then click "Properties".

• On the "General" tab, set Outgoing packet protocol to "RIP version 2 broadcast", and

Incoming packet protocol to "RIP version 1 and 2".

Routing Screen

The routing table is accessed by the Routing link on the Administration menu.

Using this Screen

Generally, you will use either RIP (Routing Information Protocol) OR the Static Routing Table, as explained above, although is it possible to use both methods simultaneously.

Static Routing Table

• If RIP is not used, an entry in the routing table is required for each LAN segment on your

Network, other than the segment to which this device is attached.

• The other Routers must also be configured. See Configuring Other Routers on your LAN later in this chapter for further details and an example.

78

Advanced Administration

Figure 48: Routing Screen

Data - Routing Screen

RIP

Enable RIP

Check this to enable the RIP (Routing Information Protocol) feature of the Wireless Router.

The Wireless Router supports RIP 1 only.

Static Routing

Static Routing

Table Entries

Properties

This list shows all entries in the Routing Table.

• The "Properties" area shows details of the selected item in the list.

• Change any the properties as required, then click the "Update" button to save the changes to the selected entry.

Destination Network - The network address of the remote LAN segment. For standard class "C" LANs, the network address is the first 3 fields of the Destination IP Address. The 4th (last) field can be left at 0.

Network Mask - The Network Mask for the remote LAN segment. For class "C" networks, the default mask is

255.255.255.0

Gateway IP Address - The IP Address of the Gateway or

Router which the Wireless Router must use to communicate with the destination above. (NOT the router attached to the remote segment.)

Metric - The number of "hops" (routers) to pass through to reach the remote LAN segment. The shortest path will be used.

The default value is 1.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Buttons

Save

Add

Save the RIP setting. This has no effect on the Static Routing Table.

Add a new entry to the Static Routing table, using the data shown in the "Properties" area on screen. The entry selected in the list is ignored, and has no effect.

Update

Update the current Static Routing Table entry, using the data shown in the "Properties" area on screen.

Delete the current Static Routing Table entry.

Delete

Clear Form

Clear all data from the "Properties" area, ready for input of a new entry for the Static Routing table.

Generate Report

Generate a read-only list of all entries in the Static Routing table.

Configuring Other Routers on your LAN

It is essential that all IP packets for devices not on the local LAN be passed to the Wireless

Router, so that they can be forwarded to the external LAN, WAN, or Internet. To achieve this, the local LAN must be configured to use the Wireless Router as the Default Route or Default

Gateway.

Local Router

The local router is the Router installed on the same LAN segment as the Wireless Router. This router requires that the Default Route is the Wireless Router itself. Typically, routers have a special entry for the Default Route. It should be configured as follows.

Destination IP Address

Network Mask

Gateway IP Address

Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.

Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.

The IP Address of the Wireless Router.

Metric

1

Other Routers on the Local LAN

Other routers on the local LAN must use the Wireless Router's Local Router as the Default

Route. The entries will be the same as the Wireless Router's local router, with the exception of the Gateway IP Address.

• For a router with a direct connection to the Wireless Router's local Router, the Gateway IP

Address is the address of the Wireless Router's local router.

• For routers which must forward packets to another router before reaching the Wireless

Router's local router, the Gateway IP Address is the address of the intermediate router.

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Static Routing - Example

Advanced Administration

Figure 49: Routing Example

For the Wireless Router's Routing Table

For the LAN shown above, with 2 routers and 3 LAN segments, the Wireless Router requires 2 entries as follows.

Entry 1 (Segment 1)

Destination IP Address 192.168.1.0

Network Mask

Gateway IP Address

255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)

192.168.0.100 (Wireless Router's local Router)

Metric 2

Entry 2 (Segment 2)

Destination IP Address 192.168.2.0

Network Mask

Gateway IP Address

255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)

192.168.0.100

Metric 3

For Router A's Default Route

Destination IP Address 0.0.0.0

Network Mask

Gateway IP Address

0.0.0.0

192.168.0.1 (Wireless Router's IP Address)

For Router B's Default Route

Destination IP Address

Network Mask

Gateway IP Address

0.0.0.0

0.0.0.0

192.168.1.80 (Wireless Router's local router)

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Wireless Router User Guide

Security

This screen allows you to set Firewall and other security-related options.

Figure 50: Security Screen

Data - Security Screen

Firewall

Enable DoS

Firewall

Threshold

If enabled, DoS (Denial of Service) attacks will be detected and blocked. The default is enabled. It is strongly recommended that this setting be left enabled.

Note:

• A DoS attack does not attempt to steal data or damage your PCs, but overloads your Internet connection so you can not use it - the service is unavailable.

• This device uses "Stateful Inspection" technology. This system can detect situations where individual TCP/IP packets are valid, but collectively they become a DoS attack.

This setting affects the number of "half-open" connections allowed.

• A "half-open" connection arises when a remote client contacts the

Server with a connection request, but then does not reply to the

Server's response.

• While the optimum number of "half-open" connections allowed

(the "Threshold") depends on many factors, the most important factor is the available bandwidth of your Internet connection.

• Select the setting to match the bandwidth of your Internet connection.

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Advanced Administration

Options

Respond to

ICMP

Allow IPsec

Allow PPTP

Allow L2TP

The ICMP protocol is used by the "ping" and "traceroute" programs, and by network monitoring and diagnostic programs.

• If checked, the Wireless Router will repond to ICMP packets received from the Internet.

• If not checked, ICMP packets from the Internet will be ignored.

Disabling this option provides a slight increase in security.

The IPSec protocol is used to establish a secure connection, and is widely used by VPN (Virtual Private Networking) programs.

• If checked, IPSec connections are allowed.

• If not checked, IPSec connections are blocked.

PPTP (Point to Point Tunneling Protocol) is widely used by VPN

(Virtual Private Networking) programs.

• If checked, PPTP connections are allowed.

• If not checked, PPTP connections are blocked.

L2TP is a protocol developed by Cisco for VPNs (Virtual Private

Networks).

• If checked, L2TP connections are allowed.

• If not checked, L2TP connections are blocked.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Upgrade Firmware

The firmware (software) in the Wireless Router can be upgraded using your Web Browser.

You must first download the upgrade file, then select Upgrade on the Administration menu.

You will see a screen like the following.

Figure 51: Upgrade Firmware Screen

To perform the Firmware Upgrade:

3. Click the "Browse" button and navigate to the location of the upgrade file.

4. Select the upgrade file. Its name will appear in the Upgrade File field.

5. Click the "Start Upgrade" button to commence the firmware upgrade.

The Wireless Router is unavailable during the upgrade process, and must restart when the upgrade is completed. Any connections to or through the Wireless Router will be lost.

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Appendix A

Troubleshooting

This Appendix covers the most likely problems and their solutions.

A

Overview

This chapter covers some common problems that may be encountered while using the Wireless

Router and some possible solutions to them. If you follow the suggested steps and the Wireless

Router still does not function properly, contact your dealer for further advice.

General Problems

Problem 1:

Can't connect to the Wireless Router to configure it.

Solution 1:

Check the following:

• The Wireless Router is properly installed, LAN connections are OK, and it is powered ON.

• Ensure that your PC and the Wireless Router are on the same network segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)

• If your PC is set to "Obtain an IP Address automatically" (DHCP client), restart it.

• If your PC uses a Fixed (Static) IP address, ensure that it is using an IP

Address within the range 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.254 and thus compatible with the Wireless Router's default IP Address of 192.168.1.1.

Also, the Network Mask should be set to 255.255.255.0 to match the

Wireless Router.

In Windows, you can check these settings by using Control Panel-

Network to check the Properties for the TCP/IP protocol.

Internet Access

Problem 1:

When I enter a URL or IP address I get a time out error.

Solution 1: A number of things could be causing this. Try the following troubleshooting steps.

• Check if other PCs work. If they do, ensure that your PCs IP settings are correct. If using a Fixed (Static) IP Address, check the Network

Mask, Default gateway and DNS as well as the IP Address.

• If the PCs are configured correctly, but still not working, check the

Wireless Router. Ensure that it is connected and ON. Connect to it and check its settings. (If you can't connect to it, check the LAN and power connections.)

• If the Wireless Router is configured correctly, check your Internet connection (DSL/Cable modem etc) to see that it is working correctly.

Problem 2: Some applications do not run properly when using the Wireless Router.

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Wireless Router User Guide

Solution 2:

The Wireless Router processes the data passing through it, so it is not transparent.

Use the Special Applications feature to allow the use of Internet applications which do not function correctly.

If this does solve the problem you can use the DMZ function. This should work with almost every application, but:

• It is a security risk, since the firewall is disabled.

• Only one (1) PC can use this feature.

Wireless Access

Problem 1:

My PC can't locate the Wireless Access Point.

Solution 1: Check the following.

• Your PC is set to Infrastructure Mode. (Access Points are always in

Infrastructure Mode)

• The SSID on your PC and the Wireless Access Point are the same.

Remember that the SSID is case-sensitive. So, for example "Workgroup" does NOT match "workgroup".

• Both your PC and the Wireless Router must have the same setting for

WEP. The default setting for the Wireless Router is disabled, so your wireless station should also have WEP disabled.

• If WEP is enabled on the Wireless Router, your PC must have WEP enabled, and the key must match.

• If the Wireless Router's Wireless screen is set to Allow LAN access to

selected Wireless Stations only, then each of your Wireless stations must have been selected, or access will be blocked.

• To see if radio interference is causing a problem, see if connection is possible when close to the Wireless Router.

Remember that the connection range can be as little as 100 feet in poor environments.

Problem 2:

Wireless connection speed is very slow.

Solution 2:

The wireless system will connect at the highest possible speed, depending on the distance and the environment. To obtain the highest possible connection speed, you can experiment with the following:

• Wireless Router location.

Try adjusting the location and orientation of the Wireless Router.

• Wireless Channel

If interference is the problem, changing to another channel may show a marked improvement.

• Radio Interference

Other devices may be causing interference. You can experiment by switching other devices Off, and see if this helps. Any "noisy" devices should be shielded or relocated.

• RF Shielding

Your environment may tend to block transmission between the wireless stations. This will mean high access speed is only possible when close

86

to the Wireless Router.

Appendix A - Troubleshooting

87

Appendix B

About Wireless LANs

This Appendix provides some background information about using Wireless

LANs (WLANs).

B

Modes

Wireless LANs can work in either of two (2) modes:

• Ad-hoc

• Infrastructure

Ad-hoc Mode

Ad-hoc mode does not require an Access Point or a wired (Ethernet) LAN. Wireless Stations (e.g. notebook PCs with wireless cards) communicate directly with each other.

Infrastructure Mode

In Infrastructure Mode, one or more Access Points are used to connect Wireless Stations

(e.g. Notebook PCs with wireless cards) to a wired (Ethernet) LAN. The Wireless Stations can then access all LAN resources.

Access Points can only function in "Infrastructure" mode, and can communicate only with Wireless Stations which are set to "Infrastructure" mode.

BSS/ESS

BSS

A group of Wireless Stations and a single Access Point, all using the same ID (SSID), form a

Basic Service Set (BSS).

Using the same SSID is essential. Devices with different SSIDs are unable to communicate with each other.

ESS

A group of Wireless Stations, and multiple Access Points, all using the same ID (ESSID), form an Extended Service Set (ESS).

Different Access Points within an ESS can use different Channels. In fact, to reduce interference, it is recommended that adjacent Access Points SHOULD use different channels.

As Wireless Stations are physically moved through the area covered by an ESS, they will automatically change to the Access Point which has the least interference or best performance.

This capability is called Roaming. (Access Points do not have or require Roaming capabilities.)

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Appendix A - Troubleshooting

Channels

The Wireless Channel sets the radio frequency used for communication.

• Access Points use a fixed Channel. You can select the Channel used. This allows you to choose a Channel which provides the least interference and best performance. In the USA and Canada, 11 channel are available. If using multiple Access Points, it is better if adjacent Access Points use different Channels to reduce interference.

• In "Infrastructure" mode, Wireless Stations normally scan all Channels, looking for an

Access Point. If more than one Access Point can be used, the one with the strongest signal is used. (This can only happen within an ESS.)

• If using "Ad-hoc" mode (no Access Point), all Wireless stations should be set to use the same Channel. However, most Wireless stations will still scan all Channels to see if there is an existing "Ad-hoc" group they can join.

WEP

WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a standard for encrypting data before it is transmitted.

This is desirable because it is impossible to prevent snoopers from receiving any data which is transmitted by your Wireless Stations. But if the data is encrypted, then it is meaningless unless the receiver can decrypt it.

If WEP is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have the same settings for each of the following:

WEP

Key

Off, 64 Bit, 128 Bit

For 64 Bit encryption, the Key value must match.

For 128 Bit encryption, the Key value must match

WEP Authentication

Open System or Shared Key.

Wireless LAN Configuration

To allow Wireless Stations to use the Access Point, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must use the same settings, as follows:

Mode

On client Wireless Stations, the mode must be set to "Infrastructure".

(The Access Point is always in "Infrastructure" mode.)

SSID (ESSID)

Wireless Stations should use the same SSID (ESSID) as the Access

Point they wish to connect to. Alternatively, the SSID can be set to "any" or null (blank) to allow connection to any Access Point.

WEP

The Wireless Stations and the Access Point must use the same settings for WEP (Off, 64 Bit, 128 Bit).

WEP Key: If WEP is enabled, the Key must be the same on the Wireless Stations and the Access Point.

WEP Authentication: If WEP is enabled, all Wireless Stations must use the same setting as the Access Point (either "Open System" or

"Shared Key").

89

Appendix C

Specifications

Multi-Function Wireless Router

Model

Dimensions

Wireless Router

141mm(W) * 100mm(D) * 27mm(H)

Operating Temperature

0

° C to 40° C

Storage Temperature

-10

° C to 70° C

Network Protocol:

Network Interface:

LEDs

Power Adapter

TCP/IP

5 Ethernet:

4 * 10/100BaseT (RJ45) LAN connection

1 * 10/100BaseT (RJ45) for WAN

12

12 V DC External

Wireless Interface

Standards

Frequency

Channels

Modulation

Data Rate

Coverage Area

IEEE802.11g WLAN, JEIDA 4.2, roaming support

2.4 to 2.4835GHz (Industrial Scientific Medical Band )

Maximum 14 Channels, depending on regulatory authorities

DSSS BPSK/QPSK/CCK, OFDM/CCK

Up to 54 Mbps

Indoors : 15m @54Mbps, 120m @6Mbps or lower

Outdoors : 40m @54Mbps, 300m @6Mbps or lower

WEP

Output Power

64Bit, 128Bit

13dBm (typical)

Receiver Sensitivity -80dBm Min.

C

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Appendix B - Specifications

Regulatory Approvals

CE Standards

This product complies with the 99/5/EEC directives, including the following safety and EMC standards:

• EN300328-2

• EN301489-1/-17

• EN60950

CE Marking Warning

This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.

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