What is High Blood Pressure?

What is High Blood Pressure?
What is High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the major
causes of heart disease and stroke. One out of every five
Canadians is adversely affected. Hypertension is often
called the “silent killer” because there are not necessarily
any visible symptoms for high blood pressure.
Sometimes a physician or healthcare professional
detects hypertension when measuring a person’s blood
pressure. Unfortunately, if left undetected serious internal
damage eventually results in the heart (heart attack),
brain (stroke) or blood vessels (hardening of the arteries).
RISK FACTORS
Certain factors do increase a person’s chance of
having high blood pressure. These factors include:
e Age e Obesity
e Race e Alcohol
e Stress e Salt
e Family history of e Diabetes
high blood pressure e Sedentary Lifestyle
N J
CANADIAN GUIDELINES
Value(s) for
initiating treatment ~~ Target value(s) for
Condition systolic/diastolic BP systolic/diastolic BP
Systolic/diastolic > 140/90 < 140/90
hypertension Ш
Isolated systolic
hypertension > 160 < 140
Home BP measurement
in hypertensive person
without diabetes, kidney > 135/65 < 135/85
disease or proteinria
Hypertension and > 130/80 < 130/80
diabetes
Hypertension and
chronic kidney disease | = 130/80 Se
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a Canadian Hypertension Education Program Recommendations
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Why Measure Blood Pressure at Home?
Many individuals find that they become apprehensive
and tense while having their blood pressure taken at a
doctors office or hospital. This can cause falsely
elevated readings, commonly known as “white coat
hypertension”. One way to determine this is to take your
own readings in the comfort of your home and compare
them with readings from your doctor. Home monitoring
is recommended by more than two out of three
physicians for their patients with hypertension.
Self-measurement at home supplements the doctor’s
readings and provides a more accurate and complete
blood pressure history. Moreover, clinical studies have
shown that detection and treatment of hypertension is
improved when patients both consult their physician
and monitor their own blood pressure at home.
Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
(ABPM)
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, using a sophis-
ticated device worn for a 24 hour period, has become
increasingly available in pharmacies and doctor’s
offices across Canada.
Blood Pressure and Diabetes
It has been known for some time that the incidence of
high blood pressure is higher in people with diabetes
than it is in the general non-diabetic population.
However, a major study, called the United Kingdom
Prospective Diabetes Study (released in 1998) showed
something new: amongst patients with both diabetes
and high blood pressure, control of blood pressure was
crucial in the management of diabetes.
Intensive therapy to lower blood pressure brought
the following benefits:
All diabetes related complications down 24%
Diabetes related deaths down 32%
Stroke down 44%
Heart failure down 56%
Microvascular complications down 37%
*Drugstore Canada & L'actualité pharmaceutique 2009 / 2010 Survey on OTC
Counselling & Recommendations.
Blood Pressure
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Normal Fluctuation Within a Day
200 —
Systolic
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6AM 12 6PM 12
Morning => Afternoon ——— —«— Evening
Age, weight, time of day, altitude, climate, and even the
time of year are some of the sources of normal
variations that can influence blood pressure. Other
common variations are caused by physical activity,
caffeine, alcohol, medication, and certain foods. These
variations are normal. Keep a record of your measure-
ments and consult your doctor about any variations.
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Did you know?
7
Having the right cuff size is crucial
in order to get an accurate reading.
Some LifeSource monitors can be purchased
with a Small, Medium or Large cuff.
Replacement
Arm Circumference Cuff Size Cuff Model #
16 - 24 cm (6.3 -9.4”) Small UA-279
24 - 36 cm (9.4-14.2”) Medium UA-280
36 - 45 cm (14.2 -17.7”) Large UA-281
23 - 43 ст (9-17”) EasyFit" UA-381*
Us - 60 cm (16.5 -23.6”) Extra Large Accufit” —UA-282**
* only fits UA-787EJ, not sold separately.
** only fits UA-789, not sold separately.
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KEYS TO SUCCESSFUL
MONITORING
Invest in your
Blood pressure fluctuates through-
out the day. We recommend that
you are consistent in your daily
measurement routine:
e Use the correct cuff size to get an accurate reading.
* Use fresh alkaline batteries.
e Measure at the same time every day.
e Preferably no smoking or caffeine in the hour prior
t&o the test.
e Sit in the same chair/position.
e Do not cross legs and keep your feet flat on the floor.
e Relax for 5 minutes before measurement.
o Arm should be at heart level; rest the arm on a table
during the procedure.
e Sit still during measurement - no talking, eating or
sudden movements.
e Record your measurement in a logbook.
(Get one FREE at www.LifeSourceCanada.com)
Taking your
Health
“Heart
Blood Pressure
Monitoring
Distributed by Auto Control Medical Inc.
6695 Millcreek Drive, Unit 6 Mississauga, ON L5N 5R8
1-800-461-0991 + www.LifesourceCanada.com
LIFE AS OURCE
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