Original instruction manual
Original instruction manual
City bike, Trekking/ATB bike
Mountain bike, Racing bike
Youth bike
ISO 4210:2014
Children’s bike
ISO 8098:2014
Toy bikes
ISO 8124:2014
Pedelec / E-bike
EN 15194
Bicycle components of the city and tour bicycles
rame
F
1
Top
tube
2
Down
tube
3
Seat
tube
4
Head
tube
5
Chain
stays
6
Seat
stays
Seat
Seat post
Seat post clamp with quick release
Rack
Rear light with integrated
rear reflector
V-brakes
Mudguard
Spoke protector
Rear reflector
Mudguard stay
Cassette
Dropout
Rear derailleur
Side stand
Chain
Front derailleurs
Chain ring
Crank arm
Chain guard
Pedal
Handlebars with grip
Shifter
Bell
Brake lever
Brake cable
4
Adjustable stem
Headset
Front headlight with reflector
Shifter cable
1
Suspension fork
Fixture of front
mudguard
Disc brake calliper
Brake disc
3
2
6
Wheel:
Hub dynamo
Spoke
Bike tires
Reflective ring
Rim
Valve
5
The bike you’ve purchased, may it be a city/tour bike, trekking/ATB bike, Holland bike, single-speed/fixie bike, child bike, pedelec/
e-bike, could have a different appearance. This manual only applies to the bicycle for which it was issued.
/
C2
Bicycle components to mountain bikes (MTB)
rame
F
1
Top
tube
2
Down
tube
3
Seat
tube
4
Head
tube
5
Chain
stays
6
Seat
stay
Stem
Shifter
Handlebars with grip
Brake lever
Stem bearing or headset
Shifter cable
Brake cable
4
Seat
Seat post
Seat post clamp with quick release
1
Suspension damper
V-brake
3
6
Dropout
Cassette
Quick release
Rear derailleur
Front derailleurs
Chain
Chain ring
Crank arm
Pedal
Suspension fork
Disc brake calliper
Brake disc
Quick release axle
2
5
Wheel:
Front wheel hub
Spoke
Bike tyres
Rim
Valve
The bike you’ve purchased, may it be a mountain bike, all mountain bike, enduro mountain bike, dirt/street/freestyle bike, cross bike/ ATB
bike, fat bike, single-speed/fixie bike, or a pedelec/e-bike, could have a different appearance. This manual only applies to the bicycle for
which it was issued.
/
C3
Bicycle Components for racing bikes
rame
F
1
Top
tube
2
Down
tube
3
Seat
tube
4
Head
tube
5
Chain
stays
6
Seat
stay
Stem bearing or headset
Stem
Handlebars with handlebar tape
Brake shift lever
Seat
Seat post
Seat post clamp
1
Brake cable
Shifter cable
4
Brake
3
2
Fork
Disc brake calliper
Brake disc
6
Cassette
Quick release
Dropout
Rear derailleur
Front derailleurs
Chain
Chain ring
Crank arm
Pedal
5
Wheel:
Front wheel hub
Spoke
Bike tyres
Rim
Valve
Intersport 3in1 E EN 1.0
The bike you’ve purchased, may it be a racing bike, triathlon / TT bike, cyclocross bicycle, single-speed / fixie bike, or a pedelec/
e-bike, could have a different appearance. This manual only applies to the bicycle for which it was issued.
/
C4
Contents
Bicycle components to the city
and tour bike C2
Bicycle components to the
mountain bike (MTB) C3
Bicycle components to the racing bike C4
Contents
1
Introduction
2
Safety information
3
Before the first ride
4
Before each ride
5
When you have fallen
6
Legal requirements
6
Intended use
7
Adjusting the bicycle to the rider Using quick releases
Quick release axles
Installing pedals
Setting up the seating position
Setting up the angle of the seat
Handlebar position / Adjusting the stem
Setting up the brake levers
Back pedal brakes
10
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
16
Frame
20
Loose accessories
Loose luggage rack
Bar ends
21
21
21
Mounted accessories
22
Accessories /maintenance /
replacement parts
22
Lighting-technical installation
22
Mudguard23
Rack24
Suspension24
Maintenance / repairs 26
Chain26
Belt drive
27
Wheels27
Rims /Tyres28
Tyres and tyre pressure
29
Tubeless tyres/Tubeless
29
Tubular tyres
30
Dealing with punctures
30
Brakes32
Gears34
Inspection plan
37
Lubrication39
Bolted connections
40
If you have acquired a time trial or
triathlon bike...
TT/ Time Trial bikes
Disc wheels, special wheels
Electrical/Electronic gears
41
41
41
41
How to use carbon components
42
Transporting the bicycle
43
Liability for material defects
(Warranty services)
44
Environmental protection tips
44
What other elements require attention,
in case of a pedelec?
45
Introduction45
General safety information
45
Various versions of motors and batteries 46
Legal requirements
47
Before the first ride
48
Instructions about electrics and electronics 48
Loading process 49
Battery safety
51
Commissioning51
Function52
Range52
Recuperation52
Driving without drive support
53
Service and maintenance
53
Trailer use
54
Transporting the pedelec
54
Liability for material defects and lifespan 54
Legal disclosure
55
Inspections
55
Handover documents
C5
Bicycle identification
C6
Notes C7
/
1
Introduction
Dear customer,
To begin, we would like to provide you with some
important information about your new bicycle.
This will help you to use the technical equipment
better and avoid risks. Please read this operating
manual carefully and keep it in a safe place for
later reference.
The bike you have received has been assembled and adjusted according to your body type.
If this isn’t the case, please contact a bike shop
to have this necessary work done on your bike.
It is assumed that the bike’s user has acquired
the basic and needed knowledge to operate bicycles.
All persons using,
• repairing or maintaining this bicycle
• clean
• or disposed of,
must have fully taken note of and understood the
content and meaning of these operating instructions. If you have further questions or have not
understood something completely, it is imperative for your own safety that you ask a specialist
retailer.
All the information in these operating instructions
refers to the bike’s assembly, technical equipment, care and maintenance. Please pay close
attention to this information; much of it relates to
safety. Failure to follow these instructions may
lead to serious accidents, falls and economic
loss.
Due to the complex technology built into modern bicycles, we have only described the most
important points.
Also this manual only applies to the bicycle for
which it was issued.
2
/
The technical details concerning the parts installed to the bike can be read in the attached
instructions and reference materials provided by
each of the bike’s manufacturers. If something is
not clear to you, please ask your specialist retailer.
Before riding your bicycle on public roads,
you should inform yourself about the applicable
national regulations in your specific country.
To begin, however, we would
like to provide you with some information relating to cyclist:
• Always wear a fitted and suitable bicycle helmet and use it
each time you ride.
• Inform yourself on how to properly wear the
helmet in the instructions provided by the helmet’s manufacturer.
• Anytime you ride, always wear bright clothing
or sports clothes with reflective elements; This
is important for BEING SEEN.
• Tight clothes and trouser clips are mandatory
to wear. Your shoes should have an anti-skid,
stiff sole.
• Do not ride hands-free.
Even if you are an experienced bike user, it is
essential that you first read the chapters Read
“Before the First Ride” and do the inspections described in the chapter “Before Each Ride”!
Be conscious of the fact that as a cyclist on
the public road, you are exposed to unexpected
dangers.
Protect yourself and others by riding responsibly and safely.
Instructions for parents and guardians:
As a legal guardian, you are responsible for
watching over the child and his or her safety. This
includes taking care of the bike’s technical condition and supervising the rider.
In the section titled “Children's Bikes”, take careful note of what you and your child need to pay
attention to.
You should be certain that your child has learned
how to ride the bicycle safely and follows instructions. Ensure that your child has learned and understood how to safely and responsibly ride the
bicycle in the environment in which it will be used.
• Take note that children
under the age of eight
must ride their bike on
the pavement. Children
between eight and ten
years old may ride the
bike on the sidewalk.
• Children must get off the bike when they cross
the road.
Safety information
Please thoroughly read all of the warnings and
instructions in this operating manual before you
begin riding the bike. Always keep the operating
instructions close to your bicycle so that they are
available when you need them.
Before the first ride, be sure to read the
chapters “Before the First Ride” and “Before
Every Ride”!
If you give your bicycle to another person,
hand them the operating instructions, as well.
You will find four different kinds of notes in
these instructions – one gives you important
information about your new bicycle and its use.
Another tells you about the damages that could
be done to the components and environment.
The third warns about possible falls and serious
damage, including physical injury. When you see
these symbols, there is always a risk that the
danger described may occur. The field to which
the warning applies has a grey background.
These notes are structured as follows:
Important: This symbol provides
you with information about the
handling of the product or the part
being covered in the instruction
manual and should be paid close attention to.
Warning: This symbol warns of
misuse which could result in damaging the product or the environment.
Danger: This symbol means your
life or heath could be put in danger if you don’t follow the instructions properly or ignore the legal
requirements.
Important bolted connection!
Here, you must tighten with an
exact torque. To find out the correct tightening torque, you can either look on the bike part itself or in the table
listing the tension values which is found on
page 40. A torque wrench must be used to
apply the exact tightening torque value. If you
don’t have a torque wrench, bring your bike to
a bike shop for repair. Parts that have been
installed incorrectly may fall off or break. This
may result in severe falls.
Check that the quick releases are fastened and
secured each time your bike has been left unattended – even if it is for just a short time. Regularly make sure that all screws and parts are
securely fastened.
Be aware that all parts made of composite
materials (e.g. carbon fibre) usually require low
tightening torque values (see p. 40). Some typical parts that are made of carbon fibre include
the handle bars, stem, seat post and saddle rails,
frame and fork, cranks. Ask your retailer for instructions on handling these kinds for materials.
These operating instructions have been written
with the assumption that the reader can already
ride a bicycle. These are not instructions on how
to ride a bike. Neither are they intended to inform
the reader on how to assemble or repair the bicycle
Always be aware that riding a bicycle is dangerous. As a cyclist, you are particularly at risk. Always be aware that you are safer in a car than you
are on a bicycle. While on a bike, you do not have
an airbag or body shell. Nevertheless, you travel
faster than pedestrians while on the road. Pay particular attention to others on the road.
Never ride with headphones. Never talk on the
phone while riding. Never ride your bike if you are
not able to completely control it. Under no circumstance should you ride your bike if you took medicine or are under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Under wet and slippery conditions, alter
your way of riding accordingly. In this case,
you should ride slower
and apply your brakes
earlier and more gradually as the braking
distance becomes significantly longer.
• Ride at an appropriate speed and in concordance with the terrain and your riding capabilities.
• Do not ride hands-free.
/
3
Modern bicycle equipment is high
tech! working on it requires technical
knowledge, experience and special
tools. Therefore, do not work on your bike by
yourself. Bring your bike to a specialist workshop if it is in need of repair, maintenance or
restoration.
Before the first ride
In addition, pay close attention to the operating
instructions by each of the components’ manufacturers. These are included with the bicycle or
available on the internet.
nsion Gear system
Suspe
fork
Electrical
motor
Your specialist bicycle retailer will be happy to
answer any further questions you have after
reading this manual.
Please ensure that your bicycle is ready for
use and is adjusted to fit your body.
That means:
• Setting the position and fixture of the seat and
handlebars
• Checking the assembly and settings of the
brakes
• Securing the wheels into the frame and fork
To ensure that you enjoy a safe and comfortable
riding position, please allow your specialist retailer to set up your handlebars and stem.
4
/
Adjust the seat to a safe and comfortable position for you (see page 13).
Allow your specialist retailer to set up the brakes
so that the brake levers are always within easy
reach. Ensure that you know which lever operates
which brake (right/left)!
As a standard, bikes are made with two hand
brakes, the left one connects to front wheel and
the right one connects to the back wheel. Despite
this general rule, however, you should still check
what wheels the brakes are connected to since
this standard isn’t always followed.
Modern braking systems might be
more powerful or have a different functionality than those that you are used
to. Please get to know the brakes on a safe
piece of land before setting off on your first ride
with the bicycle!
If you use a bicycle with carbon fibre rims,
please note that this material provides a significantly weaker braking effect in combination with rim brakes than aluminium rims do!
Remember that braking on wet and slippery
surfaces may be dangerous, different and in
particular, not as effective. Please take the
possibility of longer braking distances and
slippery surfaces into account when riding!
If you are riding a single speed or a “fixie”,
please familiarise yourself with its behaviour
under braking before your first ride! Single
speed wheels with just one brake are not permitted on public roads. Fixie bicycles cannot
freewheel, which means that the pedals ALWAYS turn with bicycle’s wheels.
If rubber or plastic pedal covers have
been put on your bike, familiarize
yourself with their grip. When wet,
rubber and plastic pedals are very slippery!
Ensure that the wheels are securely fastened in
the frame and fork. Check that the quick releases
and all important nuts and bolts are secure (see
page 10 and 40).
Lift your bicycle up slightly and drop it onto the
ground from about 10 cm in the air. If it rattles
or makes another unusual noise, ask a specialist retailer to identify and fix the problem before
you ride.
Push the wheels forwards with the brakes
applied. The back brake should completely prevent the back wheel from moving, while the front
brake should lift the back wheel off the ground
with its braking effect. Please take an initial test
ride in a safe place where you can familiarise
yourself with the new brakes! Modern brakes can
behave completely differently under braking than
those that you are perhaps used to. The bicycle’s
steering should not rattle under braking or exhibit
any play.
Check the air pressure in the tyres. You will
find instructions as to the correct tyre pressures
on the sides of the tyres. Please adhere to the
required minimum and maximum pressure! If you
cannot find any recommended pressures, 2.5
Before each ride
bar / 36 PSI is a suitable pressure for most tyres.
If the tyre is smaller than 30 mm/ 11/8", it should
be inflated to 4 bar / 58 PSI.
As a general rule of thumb when you are out
on a ride, you can check the tyre pressure by
doing the following: If you place your thumb on
a pumped up tyre, you should not be able to significantly change its shape by applying pressure.
Check the tyres and rims. Scan them for any
damage, cracks or deformations, as well as embedded particles, e.g. shards of glass or sharp
stones.
If you should find any cuts, rips or holes,
please refrain from riding! First have your bicycle
checked over by a specialist.
Before every ride, please check that:
• The lights and bell are working and safely secured
• The brakes are working safely and are properly secured
• The cables and fittings are not leaking if you
have a model with hydraulic brakes
• Damaged tyres and rims, concentricity and
damage caused by riding over foreign objects
(particularly after riding off-road).
• The tyres have a sufficient tread depth
• The suspension components are working
properly and are safely secured
• All bolts, nuts, quick release axles and quick
releases are tight (see page 10 and 40)
• Check the frame and fork for dents, cracks and
damage
• The handlebars, stem, seat post and seat are
both correctly and securely fastened as well as
set up in the right position
• The seat post and seat are secure. Try turning
the seat or tipping it upwards or downwards. It
should not move.
• When you are driving with clipless/ step-in pedals: Functional testing is required. The pedals
should release easily and smoothly.
If you aren’t completely certain if your
bike is in perfect condition, it is best
not to ride it. Allow your bike to be inspected by a bike specialist.
It is particularly important if you use your bicycle a lot, either through sports riding or daily
use, that you regularly have all the important
parts checked by a specialist retailer.
Frame and fork, suspension components
and other parts relevant to your safety such as
brakes and wheels are subject to heavy wear,
which can impact the operating safety of these
parts.
If you overuse the components’ intended
amount of use or service life, they may suddenly fail to function properly. This can lead to
falls and serious injury!
Please make these checks before
continuing after a fall or if your bicycle
falls over!
Aluminium parts cannot be safely bent back
into shape, while carbon components can
sustain damage which is not recognisable to
the eye.
Have your bike checked by a bike specialist.
/
5
When you have fallen
Check the whole
bicycle for alterations. There may
be dents, cracks in
the frame and fork,
or bent components. Also, when
parts, such as the
handlebar or saddle, have moved
or twisted, make sure that they are still working
properly and securely fastened.
• Look carefully at the frame and fork. Deformations can be more clearly if you look at the
bike’s surface from various angles.
• Look to see whether the saddle, saddle post,
stem or handlebars are still in the correct position. If this is not the case, do NOT twist or
bend the component back into its proper position without untightening the screw connections belonging to the part. When tightening
the component, it is imperative to observe the
prescribed tightening torque. The relevant figures can be found on page 40 and in the chapter “Quick Release Levers”
• Check that both wheels are properly and securely aligned within the frame and forks.
• Lift the front and back of the bike at the same
time and turn the front and back wheels. The
rim must be able to run through the brakes in a
straight line and without hitting them. The tyres
must not touch the brakes. You can see from
the distance between the frame or fork and the
wheel whether the wheel turns without snagging.
6
/
Legal requirements
• Check that both brakes are operating fully.
• Do not set off again without having checked
that the chain is sitting securely on both the
front chain wheel and rear sprockets. It must
be engaged fully with the cogs. If you set off
and the chain jumps off a cog you may fall, at
the risk of very severe injury.
Aluminium components may break
without warning if they have been deformed. Do not use any components
which are bent or deformed after an accident
(e.g. after a fall). These kinds of components
should always be replaced.
Carbon components may be seriously damaged without it being visibly noticeable. In the
case that the bike has fallen over, you should
have a specialist retailer inspect all of the carbon components.
If you notice any changes to your bicycle, DO
NOT continue cycling. Do not retighten any loose
parts without first checking them and always use
a torque wrench. Take the bicycle to your specialist retailer, describe the fall to them and have the
bicycle checked out.
Before riding your bicycle on public roads, you
should inform yourself about the applicable national regulations in your specific country.
This information is on how your bike must be
equipped in order to be taken on public roads.
The lighting system required to be installed or
carried with you is also described. You will also
be informed on which brakes the bike needs to
be equipped with.
There you will find information on the legal age
limit for riders and where one is required to ride depending on the age.
The regulations for children riding
on public roads are also found here.
If you are required to wear a helmet,
Info
it will be mentioned here.
Intended use
Bicycles are intended for transporting
one person at a time. Riding a bicycle
with another person is only permitted within the framework of national legislation (This would be the StVO in Germany).
A tandem is exempt from this. If you would
like to transport baggage, this requires that
your bicycle is fitted with suitable equipment.
Children can only be transported in children’s
seats or trailers intended for this purpose. We
recommend not taking any chances when it
comes to quality in this area!
Ensure that you do not exceed the maximum permissible weight.
(see page C5)
Permitted overall weight: Rider’s
weight + Bicycle weight + Baggage
weight
The information in these operating instructions
only applies to the bicycle types specified on the
envelope.
Information on the various types of bikes is
provided accordingly.
Use as intended also includes adherence to
the operating, servicing and maintenance conditions that are described in this manual.
Providing your bike is equipped in line with national law, then
Type 1
Trekking bikes
and
appropriately
equipped
pedelecs,
youth bikes, children’s
bikes, single-speed bicycles and fixed-gear bicycles may be ridden on public
roads and light terrain (i.e. dirt roads).
Type 2
city and touring bikes
and
appropriately
equipped
pedelecs,
youth bikes, children’s
bikes and single speed/
fixed gear bikes may
be used on both public
and paved roads.
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• use on terrain,
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use (i.e. riding over steps, jumps) and
recognised extreme sporting racing in (i.e. bike
tricks, stunt jumping). Participation in competitions is only allowed if permitted by the manufacturer.
Type 3 Racing bikes
and
appropriately
equipped
pedelecs/
youth bikes/ single
speed/ fixed gear bikes
may be used on public roads, smooth surfaces
and paved roads. Participation in competitions
is only allowed if permitted by the manufacturer.
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• use on terrain,
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use (i.e. riding over steps, jumps) and
unrecognised extreme sporting events (i.e. bike
tricks, stunt jumping).
Type 4
Triathlon/ TT bikes
may be used on public
roads, smooth surfaces
and paved roads. Participation in competitions is only allowed if permitted by the manufacturer.
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• use on terrain,
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
/
7
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use (i.e. riding over steps, jumps) and
unrecognised extreme sporting events (i.e. bike
tricks, stunt jumping).
Type 5
Cyclocross bikes
and
appropriately
equipped youth bikes/
single speed/ fixed
gear bikes may be
used on public roads and on easy terrain such
as field paths and designated courses for cyclocross bikes. Participation in competitions is only
allowed if permitted by the manufacturer.
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• Use on challenging terrain, cycling over obstacles
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use (i.e. riding over steps, jumps) and
unrecognised extreme sporting events (i.e. bike
tricks, stunt jumping).
Type 6
MTB - spring deflection
of up to roughly 120mm
and
appropriately
equipped
pedelecs,
youth bikes and single
speed/ fixed gear bikes may be used on public roads and on moderately challenging terrain
8
/
such as field paths, trails and designated courses for cross country bikes. Small obstacles may
be ridden over, such as roots, stones and steps.
Appropriate protective gear should be worn (suitable helmet, biking gloves).
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• Using the bike on difficult terrain, steep inclines, for jumps and in bike parks
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use (i. e. riding over steps, jumps) and
unrecognised extreme sporting events (i.e. bike
tricks, stunt jumping).
Type 7
All Mountain –
spring deflection of
roughly 120-150mm
and
appropriately
equipped pedelecs may
be used on public roads and open terrain. These
bikes may be ridden over obstacles such as
roots, stones and steps. Small jumps are permitted. You should always wear appropriate protective gear (i.e. helmet, biking gloves, protectors).
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• Using the bike on difficult terrain, for high
jumps, downhill or in bike parks
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use (i.e. downhill trails, high jumps)
and unrecognised extreme sporting events (i.e.
stunts and jumps).
Type 8
Enduro
spring deflection of roughly 150 -180mm
and appropriately equipped pedelecs may be
used on public roads and open terrain. These
bikes may be ridden over obstacles such as
roots, stones and steps. Jumping is allowed. Appropriate protective equipment (suitable helmet,
gloves) wear appropriate protective gear (i.e.
helmet, biking gloves, protectors).
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• Using the bike on difficult terrain, for high
jumps, extreme downhill use or aggressively
in bike parks
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use (i.e. extreme downhill trails, very
high jumps) and unrecognised extreme sporting
events (i.e. extreme stunts and jumps).
Type 9
Freeride/Downhill
spring deflection from 180mm upwards
and appropriately equipped pedelecs may be
used on public roads and open terrain. These
bikes may be ridden over obstacles such as
roots, stones and steps. Jumping is allowed.
Appropriate protective gear should be worn (fullface helmet, long finger biking gloves, protectors).
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• Using the bike on difficult terrain, for high
jumps, extreme downhill use or aggressively
in bike parks
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use and unrecognised extreme sporting
events (i.e. extreme stunts and jumps).
Type 10
Dirt/Street/Freestyle Bikes
and appropriately equipped youth bikes and single speed/ fixed gear bikes may be used on public roads and open terrain such as field paths,
BMX courses, ramps and dirt tracks. These bikes
may be ridden over obstacles such as roots,
stones and steps. Appropriate protective gear
should be worn (suitable helmet, biking gloves).
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• Using the bike on difficult terrain, for high
jumps, extreme downhill use or aggressively
in bike parks
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use and unrecognized extreme sporting
events (i.e. extreme stunts and jumps).
Type 11
Crossbikes/ATBs
and
appropriately
equipped
pedelecs,
youth bikes and single
speed/ fixed gear bikes
may be used on public roads, paved paths and
easy terrain such as field paths. Small obstacles,
such as roots and stones, may be ridden over.
Manufacturers and dealers are not liable for
damage resulting from use outside of intended
use. This applies particularly to damage resulting
from non-adherence to the safety instructions,
e.g., in terms of:
• use on terrain
• overloading, or
• incorrect remedying of defects
These bikes are not intended for hard impact,
extreme use (i. e. riding over steps, jumps) and
unrecognised extreme sporting events (i.e. bike
tricks, stunt jumping).
Participation in competitions is only allowed if
permitted by the manufacturer.
If you are not sure what type of bike you own,
contact your specialist retailer or manufacturer to
find out more about the bike’s use and limitations.
Before riding on public roads with your vehicle,
inform yourself on the current riding regulations
in your country. Only ride on pathways and trails
that are permitted for vehicles. In certain areas,
there are exceptions to standard regulations.
/
9
Adjusting the bicycle to the rider
The seat post, seat, stem and handlebars can
only be tightened and secured with quick releases or bolted connections.
For detailed information, please read
the instructions supplied by the manufacturer. Only allow specialists to
work on your handlebars and stem!
Possible positions of quick release skewers and quick release axles
If your bike is equipped with one or
several quick release axles, then read
the corresponding instruction manual
provided by the component manufacturer to
learn how to operate and maintain them.
Untightening adjusting nuts
Using quick releases
Quick releases are systems installed on the bicycle in place of bolted connections. They consist
of two parts: the clamping lever, which provides
the necessary clamping force, and the locking
nut, which allows you to regulate the clamping
force. You can change the setup of your quick
release when the clamping lever is open.
Possible positions for adjusting bolted connections
Quick release levers should be
closed with the correct holding force.
To close the lever correctly, pressure
should be felt when it is half closed and, at the
end, the ball of the thumb needs to be used to
completely close it.
Tightening adjusting nuts
10
/
* see page 40
• All quick release skewers must be
firmly closed before you set off.
• Make sure all the quick release levers are placed where they belong – even
when the bike has been parked unattended
for a short time and before each ride.
• In a closed state, the quick release lever
must be tightened on the rims, forks and
seat post.
• In a closed state, the tip of the quick release lever must always be pointed backwards. This way, the quick release won’t
open during the ride.
Lock down wheels or other parts of
your bike that are attached with quick
release fasteners when you park
your bicycle.
Quick release axles
In modern suspension systems, quick release
axles are also used instead of just quick release
levers and screw fittings which both work the
same way quick release levers do:
The axle is screwed into the dropout and fixes
the hub in between the two fork arms. The hub
and the axle are partially secured with a quick
release lever which operates in the same way as
a normal quick release skewer. Systems in which
the axle is only inserted or screwed in and then
fastened with a screw also exist. Refer to the
component manufacturer instructions and allow
your specialist retailer to explain the system to
you in detail.
The following instructions refer specifically to
Rockshox ®-forks’ quick release axles but can in
some cases also be used for other forks.
Inappropriately installed wheels may
shift while you are driving or detach
from the vehicle. This may damage
the bicycle and lead to severe or life-threatening injuries to the driver. It is therefore important to take note of the following instructions:
• Ensure that the axle, the dropouts and
quick release mechanisms are free of dirt.
• Consult a bike specialist to explain to you
how to correctly mount your front wheel using the axle system.
• Mount your front wheel properly.
• Never use the bike if the front wheel hasn’t
been mounted correctly and poses the risk
of coming loose.
Mounting
Place the wheel in the dropouts. The hub must
be secured tightly in the dropouts. When working
with disk brakes, make sure the brake disk is correctly inserted into the brake caliper.
Make sure that neither the brake disk, hub nor
brake disk fastening screws come into contact
with the lower fork arms. If you are unsure on
how to adjust your bike’s disk brakes, read the
instruction manual provided by your brake manufacturer.
Inserting and tightening
1.Turn the quick release lever into an open position. Make sure that the lever is in the corresponding slit in the axle.
2.Insert the axle into the hub from the right until it
reaches the thread of the left dropout.
Quick release axle in the fork dropouts, without hubs, Rock Shox® fork
3.To tighten the axle in the dropout, place the
quick release lever in the slit in the axle flange
and turn it clockwise as tightly as possible.
Close the quick release lever by turning it.
When closing the quick release lever, you should
start to notice resistance when the lever is in a
horizontal position (90 degrees in relation to the
bottom fork leg/ axis extension).
If performed correctly, the quick release lever
should leave a noticeable mark on the palm of
your hand.
Should you not feel resistance when the lever
is in a 90 degree position or not see a mark on
the palm of your hand then it is not tight enough.
Increase the tightness by doing the following:
Open the quick release lever and carefully turn
/
11
the quick release mounting screw until it is tight
enough. In order to increase the tightness, undo
the quick release lever and insert a 2.5mm Allen
key into the adjuster in the centre of the lever.
Providing your bike is equipped with a fork made
by Fox ®, the function is fundamentally the same.
This is where the quick release axle is inserted
into the left-hand side of the fork.
Quick release axle systems of other manufacturers
Other manufacturers can increase the tightness
of the axle by untightening the dropout of the tight
counter nut and turning it clockwise to reinstall it.
The quick release axle with a quick release lever and an Allen
key can be applied for making adjustments.
Turn the Allen key clockwise and check the tension of the lever again. Repeat this process until
an adequate level of tension has been attained.
Do not use any other tools to connect the axle
to the bottom fork leg. Pulling the axle too tight
can damage both the axle and the bottom fork leg.
Once it has been completed, the
quick release lever can no longer
be adjusted or turned. By turning the
quick release lever, the axle may come loose.
This can have serious safety consequences.
This can lead to severe or even fatal injuries.
Disassembly
1.Open the quick release lever and position it in
the slot of the axle flange.
2.Turn the quick release lever anticlockwise until
the axle becomes disengaged from the thread
of the dropout. Then remove the axle from the
hub.
12
/
Adjusting nut
Installing pedals
If your bicycle was supplied without the pedals preinstalled, these have to be attached with the correct wrench. Please note that the pedals have to be
screwed in in different directions and secured with a
high mounting torque (see page 40). Apply assembly grease to both threads.
Direction
Fork dropouts
Fox® fork
Correctly closed quick
release levers with Fox®
forks.
Read the attached instructions of
the component manufacturers when
using pedals with clips and straps.
Practise taking your feet in and out of the
hooks and operating the strap releases in a
safe place. Tightened straps will NOT release
your feet!
Inadequate tyres can result in falling over
and injury.
Check that all quick release fasteners and quick release axles are firmly
attached, even if your bicycle only
remained unsupervised for a short time. You
may only start driving when all quick release
fasteners are firmly closed.
* see page 40
Ensure that you have read the manufacturer’s instructions before using
magnetic or clipless pedals. Practise
clipping your shoes in and out of the pedals’
locking system before your first ride in a quiet,
safe place. Clipless pedals which do not properly release are a safety hazard.
90˚
90˚
Correct seat height
Knee angle of the upper leg
at least 90°, arm angle 90°
If you are using click-in pedals, then make sure
to adjust the pedals in accordance with the correct foot positioning. This way you avoid risking
damage to your musculoskeletal system while
using your bodily strength to its highest potential.
Source: Shimano ® techdocs
In the case of magnet pedals, you
are able to adjust how much force is
required to release the shoe from the
pedal. Please test this on your first ride with
a setting that releases easily. Regularly clean
your magnet pedals and keep them in good
condition with a suitable spray lubricant.
Setting up the seating position
Before you use your bicycle for the first time, the
seating position has to be set up to suit your body
size. This is vital for riding safely and securely.
To do this, the seat’s height, alignment and angle have to be set up, as do the height and alignment of the handlebars with the stem.
If you now simulate your leg’s cycling position,
your leg should be slightly bent.
The ideal foot position for cycling is attained
by making sure that the widest part of your foot is
positioned above the pedal axle.
Children and persons who are not
confident cyclists should be able to
touch the ground with the tips of both
feet. Otherwise, when stopping they run the
risk of falling and suffering serious injury.
The knee should be above the axle of the front pedal
How to correctly determine your saddle
height
Estimate your appropriate saddle height and adjust it accordingly. Sit on your bike. Ask somebody to hold you up or simply use a wall to lean
yourself up against.
Push one of the pedals down to the lowest position possible and place the heel of your shoe
on it. In this position your leg should be straight.
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13
Setting up the angle of the seat
If your mountain bike
is equipped with a telescopic seat post, read
the manufacturer’s enclosed instructions before use.
When you have set the height of the seat, you
have to check that the angle of the seat is suitable.
In general, the upper surface of the seat should
be horizontal. You can adjust this by loosening the
clamping bolts in the seat post.
Suspension seat post
For information concerning the installation and service of threaded
and telescopic seat posts, read the
manufacturer’s service manual.
Patented seat post with two-screw locking mechanism
Integrated Seat Post
Patented seat post with one-screw locking mechanism
If your bike is equipped with a so-called “integrated seat post”, which can otherwise be described
as a seat post with integrated fixing, then read
the component manufacturer’s enclosed instructions to assist you with the setup.
Before you start riding, please test to
see if your seat post and seat are secure. To do this, hold the seat at the
front and back and attempt to turn it. It should
not move.
When adjusting the height of the
seat, never pull the seat post further
out than the maximum extension
length marked! If your tube does not have a
maximum marking, then you must leave a
minimum insertion length of 7.5 cm.
STOP
7.5 cm
Attachment with seat clamp
14
/
* see page 40
Handlebar position / Adjusting the stem
Ahead stems
Various types of stem are used on bicycles:
Threadless stem
STOP
Height change possible as follows:
• Exchange of fitted spacers under or above the
stem
• Turning of the stem
• Exchange of the stem
Only to be performed by specialist
retailers.
Adjustable stems
Height adjustment possible
Changing the position of the stem
also changes the position of the handlebars. You should always be able
to safely reach and use grips and controls.
Please ensure that all cables and lines are
long enough to allow you to turn the handlebars in every possible way.
Adjustment of stem tilt possible
For detailed information, please read
the instructions supplied by the manufacturer. Only allow specialists to
work on your handlebars and stem!
Setting up the brake levers
Set up your brake levels in such a way that you
can safely apply them and brake comfortably.
Please familiarise yourself with which lever operates which brake!
Some brakes are now equipped with power
modulators. This guards against „overbraking“
and any dangerous locking of the wheels.
When you squeeze the brake levers
hard or all the way to the end of their
leverage, the braking force can increase sharply!
Please familiarise yourself with this new braking behaviour. Ensure that you receive and
read the manufacturer’s operating manual.
The brake levers should be set up
so that your hands can safely and
comfortably apply them as a straight
extension of your arms.
Check the brake handles before going on your first ride.
When using hub gears, the brake
handle on the right hand side of the handle
bars is, in theory, the one that operates the
front wheel. With derailleur gears, it is the left
brake handle that operates the front wheel.
Should you want to switch the sides of the
brake handles around then find yourself a
workshop to have the operation performed.
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15
The effectiveness of back pedal
brakes can deteriorate substantially
on long inclines! This type of braking
system can become very hot from continuous
braking. You should also use the front brake
to slow down on long inclines. Wait until the
back pedal brake has cooled down and do not
touch the brake drum.
90˚
90˚
In order to allow people with smaller hands to
safely apply the brakes, the levers can be set up
to be closer to the handlebars using an adjusting
screw (located in the lever).
In some models it is possible to bring the brake
levers closer to the handlebars, using special devices.
Back pedal brakes
Adjusting
screw
Set up the cable tension in such a way that the
brake levers do not touch the handlebar grip,
even when they are applied to their fullest extent!
16
/
If your bicycle is equipped with back pedal brakes,
you brake by pushing the pedals backwards instead of forwards. This means that your bicycle
will not freewheel and you are unable to rotate the
pedals backwards freely as you otherwise can.
The safest way to brake using back
pedal brakes is when the line of the
pedals is horizontal. If one pedal is at
the top and one at the bottom, the poor force
output produced is not conducive to effective
braking!
Children
Make sure the child has bright clothing on, tight trousers, and shoes with
a firm grip. In order to be seen better,
it is recommended the child wears reflective
strips.
Parental information
Before you allow your child to ride the bike, you
should take the time to practice with him or her.
Especially for the child’s first times on a bike,
you need to be responsible in supervising the
child. This is your obligation as a parent. Whatever it is you do or practice with your child, be
sure not to overwhelm him or her.
Before your child takes off on the bike, he or
she must first understand how the brakes function, especially if the bike is equipped with a
backpedal brake.
Help your child practice riding and using the
bike on a play street or in a safe and traffic-free
area.
To prepare the child for riding on public roads,
you should, among other things, teach him or
her how to ride over obstacles such as curbs and
train tracks. The bike should always be ridden
over such objects carefully and the child should
make sure that there are no signs of oncoming
traffic.
Never allow your child to ride without
a helmet.
Purchase a certified bicycle helmet. Bring your child with you when buying a
helmet for him or her. He or she should try it
on, find the right size and find one he or she
likes. The child will only be happy to wear the
helmet if it is one he or she accepts wearing.
Make sure that the helmet is properly fitted
and that the straps are tight and closed.
If you have any questions concerning the bike’s
maintenance or assembly, please contact your
local bike shop.
Inform yourself on your country’s public road
regulations. In Germany, for example, children
below the age of 8 must ride on the pavement.
For as long as the child is 10 years of age, he or
she may ride on sidewalks.
Children’s bikes are not usually permitted to
be ridden on public roads when they aren’t built
according to the legislative standards.
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17
Before the first ride
• Clearly explain the brake system to your child.
Allow your child to test the brakes while under
your supervision.
• Make note that the brakes don’t work as well
in wet and slippery conditions and you need to,
therefore, ride slower under such conditions.
Adjusting the bicycle for a child
When you adjust the height of the saddle, you
need to find a height that allows the child to pedal
well while still being able to touch the ground with
the tip of his or her foot. This is important so that
the child is able to quickly support itself when he
or she needs to stop or feels uncertain.
If you turn these first exercises into
a game, your child will enjoy doing them. He or she will happily and
quickly learn the content, as well.
Before each ride
You and your child should regularly perform the
bike inspections together which are described in
the section “Before each ride”. While doing so,
your child will learn how to interact with the bike’s
technic and will be able to recognize problems
sooner and let you know if something isn’t working anymore.
If there is a defect that needs to be repaired
immediately, bring the bicycle to a bike repair
shop.
If one of the inspected points has a
defect, you should by no means allow your child to ride the bike. This
may otherwise lead to a severe accident. If
you are not certain, please contact your local
retailer.
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/
For children and adolescents, the
height of the saddle height should be
checked about every 3 months.
Operating the brakes
Help the child to practice using the brakes in a
safe environment. The child should also learn to
use both of the brakes at the same time. This is
because the bike may collapse if only the front
brake is used, causing the rider to lose balance.
Demonstrate to your child which lever is attached to which brake. The
lever can vary in which brake it influences. If this is the case, allow the brake to be
modified at your local bike shop.
Your child should learn how to brake
in a careful manner. The emergency
brakes should only be tested on
open surfaces free of traffic.
If the streets are wet or slippery, you
will need to help your child to practice braking carefully. Otherwise, the
wheels can easily lose grip, causing the bike
to collapse. Inform your child that he or she
should ride slower when riding under such
weather conditions.
Tyres
Maintenance / Upkeep
Regularly inspect your child’s bike. Children,
especially smaller children, do not pay attention
to safety.
Inform your child that he or she should
never ride over sharp curbs. Otherwise, the wheels or tyres may become damaged, causing the child to collapse
on the bike.
Children’s bikes /stabilisers
As a parent or legal guardian, you have a major
responsibility when your child rides a bicycle and
therefore wants to ride on public roads!
• Take the time to accompany the child on its first
ride in a safe and quiet place (car park, field).
• Explain to the child that it should only ride with
a helmet and easily visible, bright clothing.
• Set up the seat and handlebars so that the
child is able to put its feet on the ground in
unsafe situations – it is important to have a relaxed seating position if your child is to control
the bicycle properly.
• Explain and practice using the front and rear
brakes. The child must especially practice having control while pedalling backwards and carefully using the handbrake which operates the
front brakes.
If you are using stabilisers, please
make sure that you carefully read
the manufacturer’s assembly instructions! The stabilisers have to be absolutely
secure, as your child is relying on their support! If they are not sure whether you have
correctly assembled the stabilisers, please
ask your specialist retailer for advice!
Training wheels should only be used
for the smallest of children. It is recommended that you dismantle the
training wheels as soon as possible so that
your child can practice riding the bicycle with
even balance.
Using stabilisers can help a child get
used to riding a bicycle. It avoids falls
and helps children to feel safer. However, first the child gets used to riding with this
“tricycle” style bike. It doesn’t learn to keep
its balance and make the necessary countermovements. That is why you have to be particularly careful when you first remove the stabilisers. This is very unfamiliar for the child and
it first has to learn this new skill.
Bike stand
Make sure that your child always completely
folds in the kickstand before he or she begins riding. The bike may otherwise topple over.
1
2
Only install children’s seats on bicycles
which are suitable for this kind of equipment.
Carbon fibre frames and components are
not permitted to carry children’s seats!
Never attach a children’s seat to the seat
post! Wrap and protect all suspension and
moving parts on the seat and seat post.
Please ensure that your child cannot trap its
fingers anywhere! This would result in a substantial chance of injury!
3
Carrying children / Trailers for children
• Please only use safe, certified children’s seats!
• The child has to wear a helmet, its feet have to
be away and protected from any possible contact with moving parts, such as spokes.
• A child seat changes the way your bicycle
behaves when riding. Take note of the longer braking distances and the more unstable
steering. Practice riding with a child seat in a
safe area before taking to public roads.
• Please comply with the manufacturer’s instructions supplied with the seat.
/
19
Frame
If additional equipment was delivered
with your bicycle, which was not preassembled, please ensure that you
read the manufacturer’s instructions.
Child bike trailers:
• Take no chances in terms of quality when buying child bike trailers.
• Only install child bike trailers on bicycles and
only using mounting parts approved or intended for this purpose by the manufacturer.
• It is easy to oversee a child bike trailer in traffic! Use a brightly coloured flag and approved
light system to ensure that it is easily seen. Ask
your specialist retailer about safety equipment.
• Notice that trailers make the bike’s length
much longer than usual. A trailers for children
changes the way your bicycle behaves when
riding. Take note of the longer braking distances and the more unstable steering. Riding
a bike around curves with a trailer is different
than riding without one. You must keep this in
mind when riding in traffic. Before riding on
public roads, practice riding your bike with an
empty trailer in a safe and quiet environment.
20
/
Check to see whether the manufacturer of the trailer has specified a
maximum load and maximum permitted speed. Pay attention to these specifications. Children under the age of 16 are not
legally permitted to ride with a bicycle trailer
attached to the bike.
Full suspension bicycles are not suitable for use with trailers and child
bike trailers!
The bearings and attachments are not designed to withstand this sort of force. This
could result in strong wear and breaks with
serious consequences.
Depending on the type and function of the bike
in question, the frame designs will vary. Modern
frames are manufactured using various materials
such as steel alloy, aluminium alloy or carbon fibre.
Thanks to advancements made in the fields of
construction and materials, it is now possible to
manufacture frame designs that ensure both cycling stability and the safety of the cyclist. Not only
are you able to enjoy the comfort of a step-through
frame, you can also rest assured that carrying
baggage while cycling will not affect your safety.
Lugged steel frame
Welded aluminium frame
Should your bike be stolen, it can be
identified using the frame number.
Make sure to write down the number,
paying special attention to the correct order of
the digits. Should this not be the case, it will
not be possible to identify your stolen bike.
There is a section in the handover documents you received for your bike in which you
can write down the frame number.
The frame number may be engraved in
various places on the bike frame. It is common for it to be engraved on the seat tube, the
dropouts or the bottom bracket shell.
Loose accessories
Under no circumstances should you
use your bike if the frame is warped
or cracked. Never attempt to repair
damaged parts without the assistance of a
professional. There is a risk of injury. Broken
parts must be replaced by a specialist retailer.
Do not use your bike until broken parts have
been replaced.
A damaged bike frame or broken parts can
result in injury. Should your bike show any
signs of not being able to travel in a straight
line, it is possible that either your frame or fork
is bent. Contact a specialist retailer to check
your frame and fork and possibly make some
adjustments.
Always use the instructions to install the
included accessories. Make sure to use
the correct tightening torques for all the
screw fittings. (See page 40 “Tightening Torques
for Screw Connections”)
• Only use add-on parts that comply with the
respective legal regulations and road traffic
regulations.
• The use of unauthorised accessories may
lead to accidents or severe falls. You should
therefore only use original accessories and
add-on parts which fit your bicycle.
• Consult a specialist retailer for advice.
Loose luggage rack
Only install baggage racks on bicycles which are suitable for this kind of
equipment. Use only the intended fixing
devices. If you own a frame or parts made of carbon, ask your specialist retailer for transportation
of luggage. Don’t fix racks at the seat post! It is
not constructed for this use. An overload of the
seat post by a rack can result in a break of the
seat post and serious accidents.
* see page 40
Bar ends
Bar ends must always be tightened
to the correct torque on the handlebars. If not done correctly, you are at
risk of falling off your bike. Prior to installation,
make sure that your handlebar manufacturer
approves the addition of bar ends. Only then
can you go forward with the installation.
Not all frames and parts made of
carbon are allowed to be combined!
Read the instructions provided by
each individual manufacturer. Consult your
specialist retailer.
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21
Mounted accessories
Accessories/maintenance/replacement parts
Lighting-technical installation
Dynamos are often
turned on by applying
upward pressure to the
lever.
The lever for hub
dynamos are either located on the back side
of the lamp or on the
handle bars. If the lighting system is equipped
with a sensor, it will turn on and off automatically.
Please read the operating instructions supplied for your light system.
If a light is not working properly, the
bulb is usually broken in conventional lights. If
you feel confident, you can check this yourself
and install a replacement bulb. Suitable bulbs
are available from your specialist retailer. It is
not possible to replace the bulbs in modern
LED lights.
Clean your reflectors and lights on
a regular basis. Warm water with
cleaning fluid or washing up liquid is
suitable here. It is also important to keep the
contact points in good condition with a suitable spray lubricant.
Well-functioning lighting is a matter
of life or death! Ask a specialist retailer to inspect and repair your bike.
22
/
Light generator/ dynamo
The dynamo generates the required amount of
electrical energy for the headlamps and the rear
lamp.
5m
Hub dynamo
e.g. m 1
0.5m
Lighting system
Depending on the kind of lighting system your
bike is equipped with, you will require various
lighting products when replacing parts. The following list provides you with details on the corresponding light bulbs.
Utilized lighting
Identification data of the
lamps
Headlights
6V
Halogen
headlamps
6V
0.6 W
Rear light
6V
0.6 W
Rear lamp with a
parking light
6V
0.6 W
Lighting with LED
light sources
2.4 W
LED light sources are
not exchangeable
Dynamo
6V
3W
Hub dynamo
6V
3W
Connector cover
Cables
remove
connect
Hub dynamo
If your bike is equipped with a hub dynamo, you
can simply switch it on and off using the switch
on the back of the front wheel headlamp. If your
bike’s lighting system is equipped with a light
sensor, the dynamo will automatically switch itself on and off.
In order to take off the front wheel,
the lamp cable connector must first
be removed.
In order to install the lamp cable, the connecting terminal for the hub dynamo has to be facing
to the right in accordance with the direction of
travel. Reconnect the plugs and check that the
lighting is working. In order to do this, spin the
front wheel and check to see it the lights turn on.
Connecting
terminal
Front fork
Mudguard
stay
Coil spring
Quick release nut
Source: Shimano ® techdocs
Failure of the lighting system
The lighting system is key and it is
vital that it is proper working condition. Only allow authorised specialist
retailers to perform checks and servicing work
after failures or temporary problems.
Make sure to regularly clean your
bike’s reflectors and headlamps!
Warm water and washing-up liquid
are suitable for the job. Make sure all contact
points are kept clean and conductive with
suitable maintenance oil.
Your bike is equipped with a modern lighting
system. It not only provides you with the required lighting but also with security features
such as parking lights. If during the night, for
example, you are stood at traffic lights, you
will still be visible to other drivers.
Some models are also equipped with with
newly developed daytime running lights.
These are supplied by various energy sources depending on the riding situation. Make
sure you read the component manufacturer’s
enclosed instructions.
tyre. This releases the mudguard from its holder
to prevent a fall.
You must stop riding immediately if a
foreign body is trapped between the
tyre and the mudguard. Foreign bodies must be removed before you can continue
on your ride. Otherwise, there is a risk of a fall
and serious injuries.
You may under no circumstances
drive with a loose mudguard strut, as
the strut may jam in the wheel and
block it.
Damaged mudguards must be replaced by a
specialist retailer before riding again. You should
also regularly check whether the braces are fixed
securely in the safety releases.
Relock a safety release
Mudguard
The mudguards are fixed correctly in place with
special braces. If the inside of the mudguard runs
parallel to the tyre and forms a ring shape then
the braces are the perfect length. During normal
use, the mudguard should not come loose. The
mudguard is fitted with a safety fastening in case
an object jams between the mudguard and the
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23
As featured in the diagram, a plastic clip is attached to the brace.
a plastic clip is attached to the brace.
• This clip locks itself into the clip stay on the
fork
• The mudguards are positioned in such a way
that they do not come into contact with the tires.
Rack
Transporting baggage changes the
behaviour of your bicycle. Among
other things, it also makes the braking distance longer. This may lead to severe
accidents. Please adjust your riding style to
this, i.e. brake earlier and anticipate more
sluggish steering. Only transport baggage
on racks intended for this purpose! Don’t fix
racks at the seat post! It is not constructed for
this use. Subjecting this part of the bicycle to
excess weight with a rack can lead to breaks
in the seat post and serious falls!
• Only mount child seats on baggage racks
if they have the corresponding holders and
the manufacturers permit this.
• Please ensure that nothing can get caught
in the spokes and turning wheels.
If you are riding with baggage, ensure that you do not exceed the maximum permissible weight of the bicycle (see page C5). Information on the weight
capacity of the rack is also stated here.
24
/
Front wheel baggage carriers
Front racks are attached to the front
axle or the front fork. Front racks
have a strong impact on the bicycle’s
behaviour! Please practice riding in a safe
area before riding with a loaded front rack for
the first time!
max.
max.
max.
max.
Only use tested trailers. You can tell if a trailer
is tested by a GS-mark, for example. Consult a
specialist retailer for advice. He will also make
sure that the required coupling is properly fitted.
Notice that trailers make the bike's length
much longer than usual. Riding a bike around
curves with a trailer is different than riding without one. You must keep this in mind when riding
in traffic. Before riding on public roads, practice
riding your bike with an empty trailer in a safe
and quiet environment.
Read the manufacturer’s instructions. They will often provide you with
important tips on how to cycle with a
trailer. You can also visit the corresponding
website.
Check to see whether the manufacturer of
the trailer has specified a maximum load and
maximum permitted speed. Pay attention to
these specifications. Children under the age
of 16 are by law not permitted to cycle with
a trailer.
Suspension
Check whether your bike is permitted
for the use of a trailer. Your specialist retailer should have entered this
information on the page “Handover documentation”.
If your bicycle is equipped with suspension elements, they must be adjusted to suit the rider’s
weight and intended purpose. Expertise and experience are needed to perform this kind of work.
Therefore, if you need to adjust the suspension,
it is best to bring your bike to a shop. Carefully
read the enclosed manual concerning the suspension system to your bicycle.
A typical suspension fork may appear like this:
Adjusting
damping
Adjusting spring
stiffness
Spring
deflection
A suspension fork must be adjusted in accordance with the instructions provided by the fork
manufacturer. In general, it can be said that
when cycling over uneven terrain, the forks are
having to work at a noticeable level but not to the
extent that they are “struggling” or in other words
deflecting to their maximum capacity.
With proper basic settings, the spring element should be compressed by about 10 - 15 %
(Cross Country), 15 - 20 % (Touring) or 25 - 33
% (Enduro, Freeride, Downhill) of the spring play,
if the rider is sitting comfortably on the bicycle.
Suspension forks can only function effectively if they are regularly
cleaned. Purpose-made cleaning
agent or warm water with washing up liquid
is suitable here. Specialist retailers also stock
suitable spray lubricant for greasing your suspension regularly, both after every clean and
otherwise. The same applies for suspension
seat posts.
A typical spring element may appear like this:
Most suspension seat posts can be
adjusted to the rider’s weight. However, in most cases this requires the
seat post to first be extracted from the frame.
Please talk to your specialist retailer before
carrying this out.
For more information, read the manufacturer’s
enclosed instructions.
Suspension frames and their suspensionrelated parts
In this case, the frame’s rear fork is flexible and
has suspension and damping from a shock absorber.
Some shock absorbers use metal springs,
whereas others work with air chambers. The
damping, which regulates the speed of compression and stretching, can be adjusted in high quality shock absorbers.
Adjusting
damping
Adjusting spring
stiffness
Avoid washing your bicycle with a
high-pressure cleaner as the cleaning fluid can penetrate sealed areas
due to the high pressure and then eventually
destroy them.
The shock absorber’s sliding pistons and
gaskets should be carefully cleaned with a
soft cloth as part of your regular bicycle cleaning routine. Spray lubricant on the running
surface of the shock absorbers and gaskets
helps keep the system working effectively.
Special spray lubricant is available specifically for this purpose, e.g. from Brunox ®.
You should regularly check the links of the
rear fork for play. Grip the frame securely and
attempt to move the rear wheel sideways. You
can also test for play in the shock absorber
attachment by rapidly lifting and dropping the
rear wheel. If you a) notice play anywhere or b)
hear rattling, you should immediately take your
bicycle to be checked by a specialist retailer.
Do not use your bike until it has been repaired.
/
25
Maintenance / repairs
The functionality and secure fit of the
suspension parts are vital for your
safety! Clean and check your full
suspension bicycle on a regular basis! Warm
water with a little washing up liquid or light
cleaning agents are suitable for cleaning this
part of the bicycle.
Please have your bicycle checked by
a specialist retailer on a regular basis. These experts can identify damaged and worn parts and are able to advise
you in selecting replacements. Refrain from
repairing key parts yourself (frame, fork, handlebars, stem, headset, brakes, lights).
Tighten all screws to the recommended torque. Screws may otherwise break off or become detached
from other parts (see page 40).
Like every mechanical component, a
bike takes on extensive strain, wear
and tear. Different materials and bike
parts will react to wear and tear in different
ways. If a bike component’s recommended
period of use is exceeded, a malfunction may
occur which can in turn result in injury. Any
kind of rip, puncture or colour change occurring in an overused area is an indication that
the component’s use has reached its limit; in
this case, the component should be replaced.
Full suspension bicycles are not suitable for use with trailers and child
bike trailers!
The bearings and attachments are not designed to withstand this sort of force. This
could result in strong wear and breaks with
serious consequences.
If your full suspension frame is built
with a short, downward opening seat
tube, then the seat post can only be
lowered so much that if the spring deflection
is used to its maximum potential, the seat
post still won’t come in contact with the spring
element.
26
/
Screws and torque spanners
When working on the bicycle, please
ensure that all screws are tightened to
the correct torque. The required torque is printed on many parts with a screwed connection.
This amount is stated in Newton meters
(Nm) and this work should be carried out using a torque wrench. A torque spanner is most
suitable for this job. Once the right torque is
reached, it gives way and clicks. Otherwise
screws can snap or break. If you don’t own a
torque wrench then you should always leave
this work up to a specialist retailer!
A table listing the most important torques for
bolted connections is provided on page 40.
Torque spanner
Chain
To ensure that it can work effectively, the chain
has to be cleaned and greased regularly (see
page 39). Dirt can be removed when washing
the rest of the bicycle. Otherwise you can clean
the chain by rubbing it with an oily clot. When the
chain is clean, it should be greased at the joints
with suitable lubricant. After being left to soak,
the excess lubricant should then be removed.
To ensure that the chain and gears
can work safely, the chain must have
a certain level of tension. Chain gear
systems tense the chain automatically. In the
case of hub gears, chains which are too loose
must be tightened. Otherwise they can come
off and lead to a fall.
Chain tension
3
In the case of bicycles with adjustable dropouts, the mounting screws
of the axle housing should be loosened and tightened, and not the axle nuts. If
the bottom bracket shell contains an eccentric
bush, please tighten the chain according to
the instructions provided by the corresponding manufacturer.
Please ensure that axle nuts and
boosters are correctly attached!
1
2
10-15 mm
* see page 40
Belt drive
If your bicycle is equipped with a
belt drive, please read the attached
component manufacturer’s operating
instructions before first use.
Dirt and permanent strain wear the
chain. The chain should be replaced
as soon as it can be significantly lifted
(approx. 5 mm) from the front chain ring. Many
modern chains for derailleur gear systems no
longer have chain connectors. You therefore
require specialist tools to open/change/close
them. This work should be carried out by a
specialist retailer.
Other chains are supplied/assembled with
chain connectors. In some cases, these can
be opened without the need for tools. These
chain connectors can also be used to repair
a damaged chain on a ride, if they have the
correct width for the drive train.
Wheels
Check wheels
It is the wheels that connect the bike to the
ground. The wheels are subject to a great deal of
strain through the uneven characteristics of the
ground and the weight of the rider.
Before shipping, thorough checks and centring
works are performed on the wheels. The spokes
bed in, however, during the first kilometres of cycling.
• After the first 100 kilometres, the wheels must
be checked by a specialist and re-centred if
necessary.
• The tension of the spokes must be checked
at regular intervals. Loose or damaged spokes
have to be replaced or centred by a specialist
retailer.
/
27
The wheels can be fixed in the frame and fork in
various ways. Usually, the wheel is attached with
an axle nut or a quick release. As well as this,
there are various quick release axle connections
which are screwed in or fixed with various quick
release systems. If your bike is equipped with a
quick release axle, you can find more information
in the chapter “Quick Releases”, the enclosed
manufacturer’s instruction manual or on the corresponding manufacturer’s website.
All screw connections have to be
tightened with the correct torque. If
the torque is not correct, the screws
may break or loosen other parts (see page 40
“Torques for screwed connections”).
Check hubs
The hub bearings are checked as follows:
• Lift the wheel off the ground by raising the front
of the bike to start off with and then lift the rear.
Push each wheel so they start spinning.
• The wheel should continue to spin before slowing down at a consistent speed. If the wheel
suddenly stops then the bearing is faulty. Front
wheels with a hub dynamo are an exception to
this. These wheels display a higher degree of
resistance. It is barely noticeable while cycling,
but during the test you will notice it.
• The hub bearing is allowed no leeway. Pull the
wheel to the right and left in its forks or in the
chain stays to see whether or not it is loose.
There should be no leeway noticeable.
• If the wheel is able to be moved even slightly
in its bearings or if it is difficult to spin, the hub
bearings have to be set up by a specialist retailer.
28
/
Rims /Tyres
Normal operation wears down brake
rubbers and brake pads. You should
therefore regularly check the condition of your braking system and brake pads!
Replace worn brake pads and rubbers in
good time!
Ensure that rims and brake discs are clean
and free of any oil!
Clean the rims on a regular basis according to
the inspection plan on page 37. Make sure to
also check the wear indicators:
Modern rims (from 24") indicate when
they are worn from braking. These
indicators take the form of embossed
or coloured points or lines on the brake surfaces of the rims. When these disappear, you
are no longer permitted to use the rims. There
are also similar indicators which only appear
after a certain level of wear. At the very latest
when two pairs of brake rubbers have been
worn, it is necessary to have the rims check
by a specialist retailer.
Groove as a wear
indicator
Rims made of composite materials
such as carbon fiber require special
attention. Friction caused by rim
brakes, as well as just simply riding the bike,
puts a high amount of strain on the bike.
• Only use brake pads that are suitable for
the rims’ material!
• Before every bike ride, check the rims and
wheels that are made of composite materials for wear and tear, defects, cracks and
chipping!
• Should you notice any changes, refrain
from cycling with this component until a
specialist retailer or manufacturer has inspected it and deemed it faultless.
• Never expose components made of carbon
fiber to high temperatures. Sun exposure
caused by simply leaving the wheel in the
car can result in high temperatures. This
can damage the component’s structure.
This may result in component failure, falls
and serious injuries!
Do not exceed the tyre pressure recommended when inflating the tyres.
Otherwise this could lead to a tyre
exploding. The tyres must be pumped up with
at least the stated minimum tyre pressure.
If the tyre pressure is too low, the tyre could
separate itself from the rim.
On the side surface of the tyre, you will find
information regarding the maximum permitted
tyre pressure and usually also the minimum
permitted tire pressure.
When changing your tyres, make sure to
only replace them with tyres of the same mod-
el and the same dimensions and profile. The
bicycle’s handling could otherwise be negatively affected. This may lead to accidents.
Tyres are available in different dimensions. Tire dimensions are stated with standardised information.
Example 1: “46-622” specifies that the tyre
has a width of 46mm and the rim a diameter
of 622mm.
Example 2: “28 x 1.60 inches” specifies
that the tire has a diameter of 28 inches and a
width of 1.60 inches.
Tyres and tyre pressure
The numbers provided for the recommended tyre
pressure can either be specified in bar or PSI.
The following table presents the conversions for
the usual pressure levels and provides you with
information on which tyre widths these pressure
values should be applied to.
Tyre width
Tyre pressure
recommendation
20 mm
9.0 bar 130 psi
23 mm
8.0 bar 115 psi
25 mm
7.0 bar 100 psi
28 mm
6.0 bar 85 psi
30 mm
5.5 bar 80 psi
32 mm
5.0 bar 70 psi
Tyre width
Tyre pressure recommendation
35 mm
4.5 bar 65 psi
37 mm
4.5 bar 65 psi
40 mm
4.0 bar 55 psi
42 mm
4.0 bar 55 psi
44 mm
3.5 bar 50 psi
47 mm
3.5 bar 50 psi
50 mm
3.0 bar 45 psi
54 mm
2.5 bar 35 psi
57 mm
2.2 bar 32 psi
60 mm
2.0 bar 30 psi
Pay attention to the values provided
by the tyre manufacturer. Depending on the circumstances, these may
vary. Failure to observe can result in damage
to the tyres and tubes.
4-8 BAR (55-115 PSI)
Example of tyre pressure information
Tyres are wearable parts. You should
therefore regularly check the pressure, tread and condition of your
tyres. Not ever tyre is designed for every type
of use. Allow a specialist retailer to advise you
when selecting tyres.
Your bicycle can only function safely
and effectively if you replace parts
with suitable, authorised replacements. Please consult your manufacturer,
importer or specialist retailer for advice on
suitable replacement parts.
Only replace broken or worn key
parts with original replacement parts
from the manufacturer or parts approved by your manufacturer. In the case of
light systems, this is mandatory. In the case
of other components, the manufacturer’s
warranty will usually cease to exist if nonapproved replaced parts are installed.
If you install non-original or false replacement parts, this can lead to severe loss of function! Tyres with poor
grip or safety, brake pads with a low friction
coefficient and incorrectly installed or poorly
made lightweight components can all lead to
potentially serious accidents. The same applies for improper assembly!
Tubeless tyres/Tubeless
If your bicycle is equipped with tubeless tyres,
read the attached manufacturer’s instruction
manual concerning the tyres and rims.
Only use tubeless tyres on rims intended for this purpose! This will be
marked, for instance, with the abbreviation “UST”.
/
29
Only use tubeless tyres in the prescribed manner with the correct tire
pressure and, if necessary, the recommended sealant.
Mountain bikes are fitted with tubular tyres.
Read about this in the
enclosed
instructions
provided by your manufacturer.
Only use tubular tyres on rims intended for this purpose! These do
not have rim flanges but a smooth
surface, curving inwards. This is where the
tubular tyres are fitted.
Only use tubular tyres in the prescribed manner with the correct tire
pressure.
Tubeless tyres can only be mounted and removed from the rims without tools, otherwise this
could lead to leaks. If the sealant is not sufficient
for preventing damage, a normal tube can be
used after removing the valve from the tubeless
system.
Tubular tyres
Dealing with punctures
You need the following equipment to repair a tire
puncture:
• Plastic tire lever
• Patches
• Rubber cement
• Sandpaper
• Open-ended spanner or wrench
(for wheels without quick release skewers)
• Air pump
• Spare tube
If your bike is equipped
with tubular tyres, read
the enclosed instructions provided by your
tyre and rim retailer.
30
Fitting tubular tyres requires expert
skills and a lot of experience! Always
have a specialist change your tubular tyres. Obtain information about the correct
handling and replacement of tubular tyres.
/
1. Open the brake
For more on this, read the description in the
chapter “Brakes” (Page 32).
2. Removing the wheel
• If your bicycle has quick-release levers or axles, open them (see page 10).
• If your bicycle has hex nuts, loosen these with
a suitable spanner anti-clockwise.
You can then remove the front wheel according
to the steps listed above.
Source: Shimano ® techdocs
The following applies for rear wheels:
• If your bicycle uses a derailleur gear system,
change gear to the smallest sprocket. In this
position, the rear derailleur poses the least
hindrance in removing the wheel.
• If your bicycle has quick-release levers or axles, open them (see page 10 and 11).
• If your bicycle has hexagonal bolts, then loosen them in anti-clockwise direction with a fitting ring spanner or box-end wrench.
• Pull the rear derailleur backwards somewhat.
• Lift the bicycle slightly.
• Lightly strike the wheel from above with the
palm of the hand.
• Take the wheel out of the frame.
If your bicycle has a gear hub, please consult the
instructions supplied by your manufacturer for removing the wheel.
• Pump the inner tube up somewhat.
• Check that the tyre is properly in place and
runs true using the control ring on the side of
the tyre. Adjust the positioning of the tyre with
your hand if it does not quite run true.
• Pump the inner tube up to the recommended
tyre pressure.
Schrader valve
Dunlop (Woods) valve
Presta valve
Types of valve on bicycle tubes
3. Removing the tyre and inner tube
For tubular tyres see page 30
• Unscrew the valve cap, the fastening nut and
possibly the cap nut from the valve. In the case
of Dunlop or Woods valves, remove the valve
stem.
• Release all of the remaining air from the inner
tube.
• Insert the tyre lever opposite the valve on the
inside of the tyre.
• Insert the second tyre lever approx. 10 cm
from the first, between the rim and tyre.
• Lift the tyre wall over the edge of the rim.
• Repeat this lifting action around the wheel until
the entire tyre is free.
• Remove the inner tube from the tyre.
4. Change the inner tube
Switch the inner tube for an intact one.
Tubular tires and tubeless tires must
be changed according to the tires and
rims’ manufacturer’s instructions.
5. Reassembling the tyre and inner tube
Please avoid allowing foreign bodies
inside the tyre. Ensure that the inner
tube does not have any folds and is
not squashed.
Ensure that the rim tape covers all spoke
nipples and does not have any damage.
• Place one edge of the rim into the tyre.
• Push one side of the tyre completely into the
rim.
• Insert the valve through the valve hole in the
rim and put the inner tube into the tyre.
• Pull the second side of the tyre into the rim
with the balls of your hands.
• Ensure that the inner tube is correctly positioned.
• In the case of Dunlop or Woods valves: Push
the valve stem into the right position and tighten the cap nut.
Please take note of the running direction of the tyre when installing it.
6. Reattaching the wheel
Reattach the wheel securely back in the frame or
fork with the corresponding quick release, bolted
connection or quick release axle mechanism.
If your bicycle has disc brakes,
please ensure that the brake discs
are correctly secured between the
brake pads!
Read the gear manufacturer’s instructions to correctly and safely assemble and set up derailleur
gear systems, gear hubs and combined hub and
derailleur gear systems.
Tighten all screws to the recommended torque. Otherwise the
screws could break and parts could
fall off (see page 40).
/
31
• Connect the brake line, attach it or close the
brake quick release.
• Check if the brake pads are aligned with the
brake surfaces.
• Securely attach the brake arm.
• Test the brakes.
Both brake pads move
to the left
Both brake pads move
to the right
Brakes
Modern bicycles can be equipped with a variety
of different braking systems.
There are various options:
Rim brakes in the form of a V-brake
Spring adjusting
screws
Spring adjusting
screws
Adjusting the brakes on the rim
Source: Shimano ® techdocs
Cantilever
What to do if the rubber brakes start rubbing
against the rim:
You can use the spring adjusting screws to adjust
the rear spring force in such a way that both rubber brakes lift from the rim the same way whenever you let go of the brake lever. Finish off by
testing the brakes.
Opening side-pull caliper brakes:
• Open the quick release lever on the brake arm
or lever, or:
• If you do not have a brake quick release, deflate all of the air out of the tyre. Now the wheel
can be pulled out from between the brake
pads.
Worn brake pads
The rubber brakes for brake pads are almost all
made with grooves and notches.
The grooves and notches help recognize
when the rubber brakes have been subject to too
much wear and tear. If the grooves and notches
aren’t visible anymore, then you must replace the
rubber brakes.
Opening cantilever brake
or V-brake
• Hold the wheel with
one hand.
• Press the brake arms
together against the
rim
• Hang either the brake
cable or the outer cover over one of the brake
arms.
Side pull brake
New brake blocks
32
/
Worn out brake pad
Hydraulic rim brakes
Remove hydraulic rim brake :
• If your system features a brake quick release,
remove the brake unit according to the instructions supplied by your manufacturer.
• If you do not have a brake quick release, deflate all of the air out of the tyre.
Disc brakes with hydraulic or mechanical
operation
Disk brakes:
• The wheel can be removed without any further
preparation.
• Please note: when fitting the wheel, the disk
must be slotted between the brake linings of
the brake calliper and ultimately be centred
without contact.
Formation of air bubbles on the disk brakes
Avoid permanently braking for longer
periods, as can be the case during
long, steep descents. Otherwise this
can allow vapour bubbles to form and cause
a complete failure in the braking system. This
could result in serious falls and injury.
The brake lever may not be applied if the
bicycle is on its side or upside down. Otherwise air bubbles can enter the hydraulic system which could cause the brakes to fail. After
transporting the bicycle, check if the pressure
point of the brakes seems softer than it was
before. Then apply the brakes slowly several times. This allows the braking system to
discharge any bubbles. If the pressure point
remains soft, please refrain from riding. A
specialist retailer has to then discharge the
air from the brake system.
Source: Shimano ® techdocs
Please do not touch the brake disk
while it is rotating or directly after braking. This could result in injury or burns.
Source: Shimano ® techdocs
You can avoid this problem by applying the brake lever before transport
and then fixing it in this position using
a strap. This prevents any air from entering
the hydraulic system.
When you come to cleaning the braking system,
please first read the instructions provided by the
component manufacturer.
In particular, brake disks and brake
pads are subject to wear. Please
allow a specialist retailer to check
these key parts on a regular basis and replace any worn parts if necessary.
If your bike is equipped with a converter, which allows you to operate
hydraulic brakes with mechanical
brake levers, read the enclosed component
manufacturer’s instruction manual before using your bike.
/
33
There are different types of disk
brakes for racing bikes and cyclocross bikes. Make sure to read the
enclosed manufacturer’s instruction manual
before taking your bike on its first ride. Familiarise yourself with the brakes and the braking
power on safe ground before your first ride.
Drum brakes
Roller brakes
Roller brake
Source: Shimano ® techdocs
Gear hubs, roller, drum or back pedal brakes are
opened as follows:
• Loosen the cable anchor or quick release on
the brake arm.
• In the case of back pedal brakes, the screws
on the brake arm of the chain stay have to be
opened.
34
/
Almost all modern brakes provide
considerably more braking power
than was available for bicycles in
the past. Carefully familiarise yourself with
the brakes, practising using them and
practise emergency
braking, starting on
safe ground with no
traffic before setting
out into the traffic.
When
riding
down
a long or very steep
slope, avoid applying
the brakes constantly or only using one of them. This can result in overheating and therefore a loss of braking power.
The proper and safe way to brake is to apply
both brakes evenly. The only exception is if
you are cycling in slippery conditions such as
on sand or a smooth surface. You should then
exercise great care, slowing yourself down
using the rear brake. Otherwise there is the
risk of the front wheel slipping out to the side
and causing a fall.
Your bicycle is supplied with the corresponding operating manual for
your specific gear system. You can
get more information about the gears on your
bicycle in the operating manual provided by
your manufacturer or on the manufacturer’s
website.
Brakes are vital to your safety on the
bike. You should therefore maintain
them on a regular basis. This requires specialist knowledge and tools. Allow
your specialist retailer to do this type of work
on your bicycle! Work that is improperly carried out endangers your safety on the bicycle!
Never apply oil-based liquids to the brake
pads, rim brakes surfaces, brake blocks or
the brake disks. These substances reduce
the effectiveness of the brakes.
After performing any alterations on
the braking system, make sure to
test your brakes where there is no
traffic before taking your bike out again.
Change your brake fluid on a regular
basis. Check periodically the brake
pads and let your retailer replace
them when they are too worn.
Read more information in the brake manufacturer’s instruction manual.
Gears
The following instruction manual will use examples to describe how to use commercial gear
components on a bicycle. Should the components differ, you can find specific tips in the corresponding instruction manual or on the manufacturer’s website. If you have any questions about
assembling, maintaining, setting up or operating
the gears, please contact your bicycle specialist
retailer.
The gear shifters regulate the necessary cycling power and speed. While riding in lower
gears, it becomes easier to ride on inclined
planes and it reduces physical exertion when
pedalling. While riding in higher gears, more
physical exertion is needed to pedal, allowing
you to reach higher speeds with lower pedalling
cadence. You should generally aim at pedalling
faster and using lower gears.
Changing from a larger to a smaller rear sprocket (Lever B)
Modern bicycles can be equipped with a variety
of different gear systems.
This example explains how to operate the gear
lever.
There are various options:
• Derailleur gear system
• Gear hub
• Combined derailleur and gear hub systems
These gears can be operated using various gear
levers:
Gear lever STI type, using the example of a Shimano lever
SRAM racing bike shifters are operated differently. The following example is applicable to a
RED shifter:
The shifter behind the right brake lever moves
the chain to the back gear wheels. Changing
gear with short switch travel moves it to the small
sprockets and with long switch travel to the large
sprockets.
Lever (B) two way release
Rear
Front
Lever B
Lever b
Lever A
Lever a
Lever (A): Changing to a larger gear rim.
Lever (B): Changing to a smaller gear rim.
Lever (a): Changing to a larger chain ring.
Lever (b): Changing to a smaller chain ring.
The shifter behind the left-hand brake lever
moves the chain onto the small chain wheel
with short switch travel and onto the large chain
wheel with long switch travel.
All levers return to their original position when
released.
Lever (A) starting position
Lever B
Changing from a smaller to a larger rear sprocket (Lever A)
Lever A
Source: Shimano ® techdocs
Source: SRAM®
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35
A combination of hub and derailleur gears
This type of gear system is made by SRAM and
provided under the name of “Dual Drive”. This type
of gear system has a three gear hub and an additional sprocket for common derailleur systems. An
advantage to this is that one of the front derailleurs
drops out which lowers the chain’s skew.
A thumb switch is used to operate the hub gear
components. The derailleur system is operated
with a twist grip and the latest version uses a trigger switch.
The precise procedure on how to assemble,
or put on and remove the rear wheel is explained
in the manufacturer’s instruction manual included with your bike.
If you would like to manually change the gears,
choose the manual mode and change the gear
transmission ratio by turning the twist grip.
You can choose the mode you’d like by pushing the button on the handlebars.
It is displayed on the handlebar display screen if
you are in automatic or manual mode.
If you are in the manual mode, you will see a
bike rider in front of an incline which is displayed
in orange. The lower the gear, the further up the
incline the rider is displayed.
Twist grip
A lower transmission ratio
for inclines
Thumb switch
36
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Faster pedal
cadence
Slower pedal
cadence
Manual mode
Automatic gear shift
This is a continuously variable shifting system
which allows the biker to either change gears
manually or automatically.
Using the twist grip, select the automatic mode
and choose the pedal cadence at which you’d like
to ride; the Harmony system will take care of the
rest. The drive will automatically and continually
adapt to the gear transmission ratio, allowing you
to always keep your preferred pedal cadence.
Automatic mode
As an alternative, there is also the 14-speed hub
gear manufactured by Rohloff and operated with
a twist grip. Instructions on how to service, install
or remove parts when the bike has broken down
can be found in the attached instruction manual.
It is helpful to have a bike specialist tell you about
the bike’s functions and demonstrate how to assemble and reassemble the bike.
Twist grip shifter
increasing
pedal force
A higher transmission ratio
for speed
If the automatic mode is turned on, in the handlebar display, you will see symbolised cranks with
pedals and a quarter circle made up of bluely
lit lighting elements. The higher your pedal cadence is, the more lighting elements will be seen.
decreasing
pedal force
decreasing
pedal force
Despite a perfectly set up chain gear
system, a bike chain crossing at an
angle can lead to noises during riding. These noises are normal and do not cause
any damage to the gear components. If you
change gears slowly, you won’t hear the sound
of the chain changing gears.
increasing
pedal force
Source: Shimano ® techdocs
Your bicycle is supplied with the corresponding operating manual for your
specific braking model. You can get
more information about the brakes on your bicycle in the operating manual provided by your
manufacturer or on the manufacturer’s website.
Gears are vital to your safety on
the bike. Please read the operating
instructions supplied to you by your
manufacturer and familiarise yourself with
how to operate the bicycle and switch gears
before your first ride. Allow your specialist retailer to undertake any work on your bicycle’s
gears! Work that is improperly carried out endangers your safety on the bicycle!
Do not pedal backwards while changing gears as this could damage the
gear shift. Retuning the gears shifts
should only be done carefully and step by step.
If something is assembled wrong, the bike
chain may fall from its sprocket, causing the
bike to fall over. If you are not certain, please
contact a bike specialist who is able to retune
the gear shifts for you.
It is recommended to use a spoke
protector when riding city, tour and
child bicycles. Otherwise, even the
slightest false adjustment can cause the bike
chain or the entire rear derailleur to fall between the cassette and the spokes.
Spoke
protector
Inspection plan
Do not change or replace bike parts
unless they are of the same brand and
design. The guarantee and service warranty will otherwise become void.
Modern bicycle technology is highly efficient but also sensitive. You
should service your bicycle on a regular basis. This requires specialist knowledge
and tools. Allow your specialist retailer to do
this type of work on your bicycle! You can get
more information about your bicycle’s parts as
well as cleaning and maintenance in the operating manual provided by your manufacturer
or on the manufacturer’s website.
Work which you are able to carry out yourself
with no risk to safety is printed in bold.
To ensure that your bicycle remains in a safe
condition and fulfils the conditions of the warranty, the following terms apply:
• Clean your bicycle after every ride and
check it for possible damage.
• Allow a specialist retailer to carry out inspections.
• Check your bicycle every 300 - 500 km or
every three to six months.
• Check that all screws, nuts and quick releases are secure.
• Use a torque spanner to tighten screw
joints!
• Clean and grease moving parts (excluding
brake surfaces) according to instructions
from the manufacturer.
• Have paintwork touched up.
• Ask a specialist retailer to replace any broken and worn parts.
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37
Before every ride:
Work undertaken
Maintenance/inspection:
Check the following:
• Spokes
• Rims for wear and concentricity,
• Tyres for damage and foreign bodies
• Quick release
• The functionality of the gears and suspension
• The functionality of the brakes
• Hydraulic brakes: Tightness
• Lighting
• Bell
• Tube tyres and tubeless tyres: Securely
fastened and the right air pressure
After riding 200 kilometres from purchase,
then at least once a year:
Work undertaken
38
• Pedals
• Seat
• All mounting screws
adjustments to the following
• Gear system
• Suspension elements
/
After rides in the wet:
Work undertaken
Work undertaken
Check the following:
• Chain
• Rim
• Sprocket
• Sprockets
• Belt drive
• Check the brake pads for wear, replace
them if required
Cleaning and greasing:
• Gears
• Brakes (excluding
• Chain
brake surfaces)
• The joints to the threaded frames should
be cared for according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Clean:
• Chain
• Sprockets
• Sprocket
• Belt drive
Grease:
• The chain with suitable lubricant
Check the following:
• All screw joints are secure
Every 1000 kilometres:
Work undertaken
• If you need to check the hub brake:
smearing and renewing the brake cone
with brake grease (retailer)
Check the following:
• Tyres and wheels
Torques:
• Handlebars
• Cranks
• Seat post
Make possible
components:
• Headset
• Brakes
Every 300 to 500 kilometres:
Every 3000 kilometres:
Work undertaken
Have the following checked, cleaned or replaced
by your specialist retailer:
• Brakes
• Hubs
• Headset
• Pedals
• Gear system
spray
lubricant
Schedule and inspection work
Ask your specialist retailer for suitable lubricants! Not all lubricants
are designed for all purposes. Using the wrong lubricants can lead to damage and impact the part’s performance!
The first inspection is particularly important for ensuring that your bicycle
remains safe and problem-free! Cables and spokes stretch, while bolted connections can loosen. Therefore always allow a specialist retailer to carry out the first inspection.
Lubrication
Working on the bicycle requires special knowledge, experience and special tools! Only
allow specialists to work or check key parts on the bicycle!
Lubrication schedule
What must be lubricated?
At what intervals?
With which lubricants?
Chain
After removing dirt, after having ridden in the rain, every 250
km
Chain oil
Brake and shift cables
Malfunctions, 1 x year
Silicone-free grease
Wheel bearings, dust cap, inner bearing
Once a year
Bearing grease
Suspension elements
After removing dirt, after riding in the rain, according to the manu- Multi-purpose oil spray
facturer’s instructions
Dealing with the threads during assembly
During assembly
Assembly grease
Contact points of the carbon parts
During assembly
Carbon assembly paste
Sliding surfaces on the quick releases
On c e a year
Grease, multi-purpose spray grease
Metal seat post in the metal frame
During assembly
Grease
The gear shift’s joints
Malfunctions, 1 x year
Spray grease
The joints on the brakes
Malfunctions, 1 x year
Spray grease
The joints on the threaded frame
For malfunctions, for dirt
According to the manufacturer’s instructions
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39
Bolted connections
Bolted connection
It is vital that all bolted connections
on the bicycle have the correct
torque in order to ensure that they
are secure. Too much torque can damage the
screw, nut or component. Always use a torque
spanner to tighten screw joints. You are not
able to correctly tighten these bolted connections without this specialist tool!
Torque
Seat post clamping
bolt M6
14 Nm
Seat post bar
20 Nm
Brake blocks
6 Nm
Dynamo attachment
10 Nm
Seat clamp on carbon
frames
5 Nm*
If a component specifies a torque
for its bolted connections, then this
should be strictly adhered to. Please
read the instructions provided by the manufacturer, which lists the correct mounting torques.
Drinks bottle holder on
carbon frames
2 Nm
Bolted connection
Front derailleur bracket
attachment screw
3 Nm *
Torque
Differences for carbon components:
Bolted connection
Torque
Crankset arm, steel
30 Nm
Crankset arm, aluminium
40 Nm
Shift lever attachment
screw
3 Nm *
Pedals
40 Nm
3 Nm *
Front wheel nut
25 Nm
Brake lever attachment
screw
Rear wheel nut
40 Nm
Handlebars - stem
clamping
5 Nm *
Stem - fork tube clamping
4 Nm *
Stem expander bolts
8 Nm
Ahead stem clamping
bolts
9 Nm
Clamping screw and
bar end screw on the
derailleur hanger
10 Nm
Seat post clamping
bolt M8
20 Nm
40
/
Screw connection
Thread
Thread
Maximum tightening torque
Drinks bottle
holder
M5
4 Nm*
Bottom bracket
BSA
according to
manufacturer’s
instructions*
Brake caliper, disk
brake, Shimano (IS
and PM)
M6
6 – 8 Nm
Brake caliper, disk
brake, AVID (IS
and PM)
M6
8 – 10 Nm
Brake caliper, disk
brake, Magura (IS
and PM)
M6
6 Nm
Screw connection
Maximum
tightening
torque
Seat clamp, loose
M5
4 Nm*
Seat clamp, loose
M6
5.5 Nm*
Derailleur hanger
M 10 x 1
8 Nm*
General information on the screw connection’s tightening torque
In general, the following torques can be used for
bolted connections:
Dimensions
8.8
Screw quality
10.9
12.9
M4
2.7
3.8
4.6
Nm
M5
5.5
8.0
9.5
Nm
M6
9.5
13.0
16.0
Nm
M8
23.0
32.0
39.0
Nm
M 10
46.0
64.0
77.0
Nm
Unit
* Use of carbon assembly paste is recommended
If you have acquired a time trial or triathlon bike...
Time trial bike’s handlebars
Tri bars
Time trial gear lever
Aero brake lever
Disc Wheel
Tri-spoke road bike
Especially when it comes to bicycle
wheels, they can be equipped with
a different riding, braking and steering system and thus catch you off guard. Especially tri spokes and disc wheels are a lot
more sensitive than the conventional kinds
of bicycle wheels. Rims made from materials
other than aluminium can display a different
or even worse braking action and possibly
catch you off guard.
Therefore, practice this in a safe and open
environment until you get used to your new
bike and its riding capabilities.
Electrical / Electronic gears
TT/ Time Trial bikes
The riding capabilities for a bike with
time-trial bars may be different than
what you’re used to and therefore
more dangerous. Even the way in which the
hands switch from the steering to breaking
position takes longer than usual. Therefore,
practice this in a safe and open environment
until you are completely confident in operating
the bike.
If your bicycle is equipped with an electronic
gear shifter, read the attached manufacturer's
instruction manual concerning the use and maintenance of this component.
Only allow a bike specialist to work on the electrical gear shifter. Ask your local bike shop about
how to handle and care for the components.
Disc wheels, special wheels
Time trial position
The sitting and handlebar position
for time trial and triathlon bikes differ
greatly in comparison to the sitting
position for classical road bikes. It is best to
ask an expert on how you should sit on time
trial and triathlon bikes.
If your bike has been equipped with disc wheels,
tri-spoke wheels or a differing wheels, read the
attached instruction manual from the manufacturer about how to handle and care for the
wheels.
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41
How to use carbon components
spray
lubricant
If you have a carbon frame or parts,
these should not be applied with
grease or oil. Please use special assembly paste for carbon parts.
Carbon fibre is a material that requires special
handling and care when constructing the wheel,
during servicing, when riding and also during
transportation and storage.
Characteristics of carbon
Carbon parts cannot be bent, dented
or misshapen after an accident/fall. If
this is the case, it is possible that the
fibres have been destroyed or have broken
off, e.g. within the part, which is not visible
from the exterior!
Therefore, it is vital to regularly check carbon
frames and other carbon components very
carefully, especially after a fall or an accident.
42
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• Look for splinters, tears, deep scratches,
holes or other changes in the carbon surface.
• Check if the parts have got softer or less
stiff than usual.
• Check if individual layers (paint, finish or
fibres) come off.
• Listen for any cracking or other usual
sounds.
If you are not completely certain that your bicycle
is in perfect condition, please allow a specialist
retailer to check the affected carbon parts!
Some carbon components require
lower torques than metal parts. Excessive torques can lead to hidden
damage, which is possibly not visible from the
outside. Frames or components can break
or warp to such an extent that you could fall.
Therefore please always adhere to the instructions supplied by the manufacturer or
ask for advice from a specialist. Use a torque
spanner to ensure that you get the required
torque. Carbon parts may not be applied with
grease or oil. Special assembly paste is available for assembling and safely securing carbon components with a low mounting torque.
Never expose carbon parts to high temperatures! Even in the back of cars, the sun’s rays
can generate such a heat that it can put the
safety of carbon parts at risk.
Pay attention to the guidelines on how to
transport bicycles made with carbon parts.
Do not clamp a carbon frame directly into a
work stand, instead you should secure it by
the seat post. If the seat post is also made of
carbon, use another tube made of metal.
In addition to any time you have an
accident or the bike falls over, the
following components to and areas
on carbon parts should be checked regularly
(min. every 100 km) for irregularities, such as
tears, fractures and surface changes:
The areas surrounding the insert nuts to the
bottle holder, the slot to the dropouts, storage
areas to the threaded frame, spring elements
on the main frame and chainstay, seat post
clamps, derailleur hangers, the clamping area
to the front derailleurs, the disc brake mount
or brake bosses, the press fit to the head set
and the threaded section to the bottom bracket cups.
Carbon =
Transporting the bicycle
By car
You should use only roof and rear-mounted carriers which comply with the requirements of the
national licensing authority applicable to you.
Roof, rear-mounted and other carriers which are officially approved
are safe to use in traffic. Ensure the
presence of a quality stamp such as
a “GS” safety-tested mark.
Poor quality roof racks may lead to accidents.
Drive your car accordingly while transporting
your bike on its roof.
If the bike carrier’s or roof rack’s manufacturer
doesn’t advise your otherwise, always transport
the bike by its wheels. Never hang the bike by
its foot pedals to a bike carrier or roof rack. The
pedal could separate and cause a serious accident to occur.
Aircraft
Be informed by the airline about their rules on
transporting sporting equipment and bicycles.
You may have to register the bike. Carefully pack
your bike to avoid damages while in transport.
You may want to use a specialised bike case or a
sturdy moving box to safely transport your bicycle. For further information, go to a bike shop and
ask your local bike specialist.
Your bike’s total height will change if
you transport it on the roof.
Carefully attach the bicycle so that it won’t become separated from the roof rack. This could
result in severe traffic accidents. You should
regularly check if the bike is secure during its
transportation. Loose parts, e.g. tools, air pumps,
bags or child seats, may fall off while riding and
put others on the road at risk of being hurt. Therefore, remove all loose parts before riding the bike.
You may only attach the bike by its handlebars, handlebar stem, bicycle seat or seat post if
the manufacturer advises you to. Don’t use any
attachments that could cause damage to the bicycle fork or frame.
Never attach the bike to carbon
parts.
Train companies permit passengers to take bicycles with them in some, but not all, trains. If this
is permitted, there are normally special places for
bicycles. In some trains it is necessary to notify
the company that you are taking a bicycle and
wish to reserve a place.
A carbon bike is not made to be transported on
the roof of a car because the wheels are generally attached to a clamp which latches onto the
frame tube.
The manufacturers of attachments and accessories offers information on their use and installation on their website. Inform yourself anytime
you use something new.
On the train
In public transportation, there are different rules
on transporting bikes. Therefore, it is best to find
out before traveling what transporting options are
available on the busses and trains.
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43
Liability for material defects (Warranty services)
In Germany /Austria and all nations
which apply EU law, the common
conditions for warranty/liability for
material defects apply. Please inform yourself
about the applicable national regulations in
your specific country.
Under EU law, the seller accepts liability for material defects for at least two years after the date
of sale. This also covers defects which already
existed at the time of sale/change of ownership.
In fact, if material defects occur within the first
six months, the assumption is made that these
already existed at the time of sale.
One precondition for the seller assuming this
liability is that the product’s use and maintenance was in line with all conditions stipulated.
These are outlined in the pages of this operating
manual and in the supplied instructions from the
component manufacturers.
If your bike’s, pedelec’s or e-bike’s manufacturer has provided you with additional guarantees, these will be listed on page U7 in the envelope. Read the relevant guarantee conditions for
further details about the guarantee cover and on
how to exercise claims under it.
In the case of a defect/possible liability claim, please contact your specialist retailer. We recommend filing
all purchase receipts and inspection reports
as proof for your records
Environmental protection tips
General care and cleaning products
Please take the environment into account when
caring for and cleaning your bicycle. You should
use care and cleaning products which are biodegradable wherever possible. Please ensure that
no cleaning fluid enters the drainage system.
When cleaning the chain, use a suitable chain
cleaning tool and dispose of chain lubricant properly at a suitable waste disposal site.
Brake cleaner and lubricants
Take the same approach to using brake cleaner
and lubricants as you do to general care and
cleaning products.
Tyres and inner tubes
Tyres and inner tubes are not residual waste or
domestic rubbish and have to be disposed of at
your local recycling centre.
Carbon parts and frames
Carbon parts and frames consist of carbon fibre
matting stuck together in layers. We recommend
allowing your specialist retailer to dispose of any
discarded carbon parts.
Oil
44
/
What other elements require attention, in case of a pedelec?
General safety information
Even if you have many years of experience in riding bicycles, you should still read
through these original operating instructions –
Technologically speaking, pedelecs in particular
have made vast develops in recent years.
S-pedelec with mirror, brake light and number plate light.
Introduction
The pedelec’s electric motor assists you while
you pedal. Pedelec stands for Pedal Electric Cycle and means that the motor is only activated
when you pedal. This provides helpful assistance
particularly on inclines or when transporting
loads. While riding your pedelec, you can decide
how much support you want to receive from the
motor.
These original operating instructions are not
intended for the assembly and/or repair of pedelecs.
Changes done to the technical details that
pertain to the information and illustrations are
reserved for the original operating instructions.
These original operating instructions contain general information about the pedelec’s
characteristics. Since there are many different
models and designs, it is not possible to provide
the reader with every bit of information. To find
out specialised information about your pedelec,
please read the operating instructions included
by the component manufacturer. You can find
general technical information in the original general operating instructions enclosed.
Before riding your pedelec for the
first time, carefully read the “Pedelec
Original Operating Instructions” enclosed. It is particularly important for you to
read the technical information concerning
your pedelec.
Keep these operating instructions in
a safe place so that if you have any
questions in the future, you will be
able to find the information you need. Pass
these instructions on to everyone who uses,
maintains or repairs this pedelec.
Please bear in mind, as is the case with any
sporting activity, riding a pedelec can also be
dangerous, risky and can cause injuries.
For your own safety, always wear a suitable
helmet and light-coloured clothing appropriate for cycling. You
should at least wear tight-fitting
trousers or bicycle clips along
with tight shoes with non-slip
soles. Your shoes should also
be suitable for the pedals installed.
Remember that cycling on public roads is dangerous. Think ahead when cycling so that you
are always in control of your bicycle.
Do not cycle when under the influence of medicine, drugs or alcohol. The same applies when
you are tired.
Never use headphones or a telephone while
cycling.
Remember that you traveling a lot faster on a pedelec than on a bicycle without an electric drive.
Other road users may misjudge the speed at
which you are moving.
Observe the traffic regulations and the national statutory regulations for riding a pedelec.
Do not ride hands-free.
Only use your pedelec for its intended purpose (see also page 8). If
you are uncertain about the intended
purpose of the pedelec, ask your specialist
retailer.
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45
Children and pedelecs
Inform yourself on whether the child
is old enough to ride the pedelec and
has the necessary license to do so before allowing him or her to ride the pedelec.
Various versions of motors and batteries
The hub motor on the front wheel and the battery on the down tube
Even the LCD display and the display element
may have a different appearance. Here you see
an example of the handlebars with a LCD display
on the left handle, a central display element and
a pushing aid on the right handle. Your pedelec
may have been equipped differently and have a
different appearance.
3
1
2 sec
Pedelecs are manufactured in a variety of designs based on different interests and target
groups. They mostly differ in where the motor
and battery are placed.
Therefore, your pedelec’s appearance may
vary from the illustration shown here. However, the general functions described are still the
same. For individual technical details please
read the operating instructions for the electrical
system.
2
3
Pedelecs are manufactured with motors and batteries in various versions and combinations. For
example:
1 Hub motor on the rear wheel, battery on the
bicycle rack
2 Centre engine with the battery in the seat tube
46
/
Always squeeze the brakes to your
pedelec before you place a foot on
the pedal. The motor starts propelling
as soon as you step on a pedal. This boost is
unusual and can lead to falls or cause dangerous traffic accidents and injury to occur.
1
2
Practice operating and riding your
pedelec in a quiet and safe place before you take to public roads!
Be careful not to exceed the pedelec’s weight allowance. This is how
the permitted weight is calculated:
The weight of the biker + the pedelec’s weight
+ the weight of the luggage + the weight of the
trailer/luggage
Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions to find
out the necessary information on the bike’s permitted weight.
While the support mode is on, do not
put one foot on the pedal in order to
swing the other leg over the seat.
The pedelec may otherwise immediately take
off. There is a risk of falling over!
Legal requirements
There are various kinds of pedelecs
and e-bikes, all of which have differing legal regulations to follow within
Info
the scope of the European Union.
A pedelec (pedal electric cycle)
is a bike which provides an electric drive when
the pedals are in motion. It has a strong motor
of 250 watts at max (GB: 200 watts) and can be
ridden up to 25 km/h in speed. Therefore, it still
constitutes as a bike which doesn’t require registration. The s-pedelec is the faster variation. For
the s-pedelec, the electric drive is also activated
by putting the pedals into motion. However, the
motor is stronger, usually between 350 and 500
watts, and the engine shuts down when it reaches around 45 km/h.
Please inform yourself about the applicable national regulations in your
specific country! Refer to the bike’s
registration form to see which pedelec model
you have. Heed to the legal regulations. Ask
for information at your local bike shop.
Check whether your private third-party-liability insurance covers possible
damage caused by using a pedelec.
Pedelec
According to EU-law, a pedelec is under the
same category as a bike and, therefore, has the
same requirements as a bike does. The arrangements for using bicycle paths are also the same
as for bicycles. Outside of this scope of application as well as in some areas within the EU, special regulations may apply. Inform yourself on the
current legal regulations.
Your pedelec may already be able to provide
your bike with an extra “push”. If not, it can be
installed at a bike shop. This pushing aid enables the pedelec to move up to 6km/h without
you having to pedal.
The following only applies if your
pedelec/e-bike hasn’t got a generator/
dynamo: If you want to ride without
electrical power, you still need to carry the pedelec’s battery with you. However, a dynamo is
required if you have to ride with lights.
Pushing aid
A so-called pushing aid is installed in some models. It allows you to move your pedelec slowly
at up to 6 km/h without pedalling. If you have to
push the pedelec out of an underpass or a parking garage for example, this aid can be useful.
Do not use this pushing aid to ride the bike.
S-pedelecs and their use on bike lanes
In towns and cities, you are only allowed to use s-pedelec’s/pedelec’s
pushing aid (even without motor
support) when you have seen a sign
permitting its use (In Germany: Mofas frei)
Outside of towns and cities, you may use
your s-pedelec on bike lanes unless it is clearly
marked as prohibited (in Germany: Keine Mofas)
The legal requirements listed here
are represented in their current state.
The rules and regulations for pedelecs and fast pedelecs are constantly being
revised and edited. Pay attention to the media for changes relating to legal regulations
so that you remain up to date on the current
situation.
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47
Before the first ride
The electrical installation of your pedelec is very powerful. Correct and
safe operation requires you to have
it regularly maintained by a specialist retailer.
Immediately remove the battery when you
notice damage to the electrical system, particularly when live parts are exposed after an
accident. Always contact your specialist retailer when you require repairs, want to ask
a question, have a problem or discover a defect. A lack of technical knowledge can lead to
severe accidents or injuries.
In addition to all the inspections mentioned in the
chapter “Before the first ride” located in the technical part of the instruction manual, the pedelec
also requires the following:
Inspecting important components to your
pedelec.
• Please check that the battery is secure.
• Check the charging state of the battery to ensure that the charge is sufficient for the drive
planned.
• Making sure that all of the plugs and connections are securely fastened in the electrical
system.
• Familiarise yourself with the functions of the
operating element.
Always remove the battery before
doing any kind of work on the electrical system to your pedelec.
1
2
Possible positions of quick release skewers and quick release axles
Instructions about electrics and electronics
Check all screws, quick release fasteners and
important components for safe and correct attachment. On pages 10 and 40, you will find a
table listing all of the important screw connections and prescribed tightening torques.
There are also references on the proper
use of quick releases.
48
/
Your pedelec is supplied with the corresponding
operating manual for the integrated motor from
the component manufacturer.
For more information about the bike’s operation, maintenance, upkeep and technical data,
read the instruction manual along with the websites for each of the manufacturer’s parts.
3
•
•
•
•
•
• Only charge the battery with the
charger it belongs to.
• Don’t allow the battery to fall.
Don’t ever open up the battery; this can
cause the battery to short circuit.
Do not store or carry the battery with any
metal objects (e.g. paper clips, nails,
screws, keys, coins) that could cause short
circuits
Keep the battery away from heat (i.e.
strong sunrays and fire).
Protect the battery from coming in contact
with water and other fluids.
Do not clean the battery with a pressure
washer. Use a damp rag when cleaning
the battery. Never use aggressive cleaning
solutions.
Please note that a sudden change of
temperature from cold to warm can
cause condensation to build up in
the charger. Avoid this by storing the battery
in the same place it is charged. Only use the
charger your battery came with or one which
is designed for the battery. There is otherwise
a risk of fire.
To ensure the full lifespan of the battery, it should
be charged in an environment between 10˚C and
30˚C.
Removing the battery
Read the operating instructions for
the charger before beginning to
charge the battery.
• Only use the charger that came with your bike
or one from the same manufacturer.
• Use the charger in a dry room and don’t cover
it up while it is in use. It could otherwise short
circuit or cause a fire.
• When you clean the charger, unplug it from the
electrical socket first.
• After charging, remove the battery from the
charger and unplug the charger.
Charging the battery
1.After removing the battery from its packaging,
stick the power plug into an electrical socket
with a voltage between 230 and 240 volts.
Loading process
In some models you can
charge the battery while it
is mounted in the pedelec.
Please read the component
manufacturer’s operating instructions in this regard. You
may also remove the battery
from its holder and charge it
somewhere else. This is especially recommended in cold
temperatures so that the battery can be charged
in warmer conditions. This allows the battery to
charge more quickly.
Charger:
For safety reasons, always place the
charger on a dry, non-flammable surface.
1.To unlock the battery, put the key into the lock
and open it.
2.Depending on where your battery is placed on
your pedelec, remove it from its holder. Hold
onto it tight as it is heavy.
3.To avoid having the key break or losing it, remove it and place it in a safe place.
Charging the battery: Never place or
store several batteries on top of each
other.
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49
2.The battery begins charging as soon as you
have plugged the charger into the wall. If your
charger features LED lights, they
will blink while the battery is charging. If the battery’s charge level
is shown by the LEDs on the battery, the number of bulbs show how
much still needs to be charged.
The charging process goes
through several stages. The
corresponding LED will flash
if one of the stages is being
charged. If this stage is fullycharged, the LED will shine permanently. If all
of the LEDs go out, this means the charging
is complete.
If your charger features LEDs and
they are shining permanently, this
usually means a charging defect has
occurred. If this is the case, allow the charger
and battery to be inspected by a bike specialist.
3.If the charging is complete, you should remove
the power plug from the electrical outlet.
A defected battery should neither be
charged nor used any further.
A battery can become warm while
charging. While charging, a max temperature
of 45° C is permitted. If the temperature is any
higher than this, end the charge immediately.
50
/
It is always permitted to fully charge
the battery again. There is no memory effect.
The ideal temperature to charge
the battery in is between 0° C and
30°
+30° C. If the battery is charged in 0°
a cooler environment, the battery
takes longer to charge. If the temperature is above 45° C, the battery
will not charge.
When temperatures drop outside, it is best
to store and charge the battery in your home
or in a warm garage and to only insert it unto
the bike shortly before riding it again. This will
extend the battery’s lifespan.
Inserting the battery
1.Before using the battery, the key must be
placed in the lock and turned clockwise. This
will allow the battery to be placed in the pedelec’s battery holder. Depending on where
the battery is placed, it may need to be turned
roughly 45° outwards.
2.Make sure that the locking device is locked
when you press the battery into the holder.
Turn the key clockwise and pull it out. The battery is now locked into place.
3.Please check that the battery is secure.
Battery information system
The battery to your pedelec is connected to an
information system which provides you with information about the battery’s state of charge and
capacity. This information is either shown on the
display panel on the battery’s exterior or on the
display screen located on the handlebars. By
pushing the battery button, the system is activated and it will show you a percentage of the state
of charge or a number of LEDs will illuminate to
show how much capacity the battery has left.
For more information, refer to the original operating manual provided by the battery’s manufacturer and included with the bike.
Check the battery’s charge level and
capacity before every trip. Only begin
your ride if the battery’s charge level is
sufficient enough to assist you during the entire trip you wish to make. Always make sure
you have enough capacity to get back home
again in a safe and comfortable manner.
When riding your pedelec in the winter, make note that the battery range
becomes smaller because of the lower temperatures. You can increase the range
by storing the battery in a warm room and
only attaching it to the bike shortly before use.
Battery safety
If you won’t be using the battery for an extended
period of time, you should store it in a dry and
well-ventilated area. When storing, never stack
batteries on top of each other or place them close
to each other. Ideally, you should place them in
a room temperature from 10 – 23°C and leave
them at a charge level from 50 – 75 %. If you
don’t use the battery for more than six months, it
will need to be recharged.
Don’t ever ship a battery through
the mail on your own! Batteries are
considered dangerous goods. In certain conditions, the battery may overheat and
catch fire.
Batteries may only be dispatched by a trained
member of staff. If you have a problem with your
battery, consult a specialist retailer. A specialist
retailer can have the battery picked up free of
charge and in accordance with the dangerous
goods regulations.
Commissioning
Display
You can either control your pedelec using a control unit or a display unit. This is how they are (or for
the most part are) constructed:
Light display
Light button
Electricity consumption
display
Power button
State of charge display
Speed display
Button to choose the
Support Mode
Button to choose the
Support Mode
Display for the:
Distance
Average speed
Max speed
Total kilometres
Range
Battery capacity
Function Selection Button
Support Mode display
Speedometer display
Operating element
If switched on,
the control units
receive their energy from the
pedelec’s battery. To switch
on the system,
simply press the
on/off button.
Do not use the pedals when turning on the system or for the two seconds that follow.
If you don’t use your pedelec for longer than 10 minutes, the system may
turn off automatically to save energy.
If you would like to ride with electrical support
again, restart the computer system.
The display fields provide you with differ kinds of
information. These are usually:
• Support mode: You can make a selection using the two buttons. By pressing the buttons,
the support level is adjusted by one level, either up or down.
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51
• Battery charge level Here you can see how
“full the tank” is. The motor support automatically turns itself off when the battery level is
too low. Usually, the display turns itself off too.
• Speed
• Total kilometres
• Trip distance
Read the manufacturer’s instructions to find information on the control element’s functions, display options and your pedelec’s display.
• Support mode: The higher the level of support, the more power the motor will provide.
However, high motor performance means high
power consumption. The lowest support mode
provides the least support but also the longest
range.
• The speed: The faster you travel, the stronger
the support.
Function
Specified range information has been obtained
under optimal conditions. Ranges achieved under everyday conditions will usually be shorter.
Please consider this when planning your route.
Various factors influence the range of your pedelec:
• Support level: The higher the applied support level, the lower the range.
• Style of riding: You can save energy by operating the gears appropriately. In lower gears,
you apply less strength, which in turn results
in a lower amount of support and thus allows
your pedelec to save energy. With hub motors,
the support level is not influenced by the gears
and the power input of the cyclist.
• Ambient temperature: In colder temperatures, battery levels decrease quicker, thus affecting the potential range.
• Weather conditions and weight: In addition
to the ambient temperature, wind conditions
also affect the range. Headwind requires more
physical effort.
As soon as you select motor support and begin
to pedal, the motor will start running. If you are
not pedalling then the motor support stays off.
At a speed of roughly 25 km/h, the motor support turns itself off. This is a legal requirement.
If the pedelec’s motor were able to generate a
speed higher than 25 km/h, it would no longer
be classified as a bike that doesn’t need to be
registered.
The motor of the s-pedelec, which has a higher performance (350 or 500W), turns itself off at
a speed of 45 km/h. In addition, in the so called
e-bike mode, you can travel up to 20km/h without additional pedal support. The motor power
depends on various factors:
• The power applied when pedalling: If you
pedal with less power, you are provided with
less support than when you your increase
your pedalling power, i.e. when riding uphill.
However, this increases the power consumption and decreases the range. This is not the
case with hub motors. Each individual support
level is assigned with a predetermined motor
power level.
52
/
Range
• Technical condition of your pedelec: The
air pressure in your tyres affects rolling resistance. If the tyre pressure is too low, the rolling
resistance increases significantly, especially
when cycling over a smooth surface such as
asphalt. Dragging brakes and a poorly maintained chain also decrease the range of your
pedelec.
• Charge status: The battery level informs you
on the amount of electrical energy saved in the
battery at that moment. The more energy, the
higher the range.
• Battery capacity: The battery capacity enables a full battery to deliver a certain amount of
electricity. The capacity of a battery decreases
over time which means that the amount of energy saved in a full battery also decreases.
Recuperation
Some pedelecs can also generate energy
through the motor and charge the battery, for
example, while cycling downhill. The motor acts
like a dynamo in this case and generates electricity whenever the bike brakes. In turn, this also
recharges the battery. This allows you to considerably extend the possible range of the trip. Furthermore, on steep or long inclines, recuperation
can be used as a comfortable “engine brake”.
Refer to the system operating instructions to
gather information on how to use and operate the
recuperation feature. A weak recuperation level
will cause the brakes to not work as well. Therefore, it is best to ride on flatter inclines. Stronger
recuperation levels allow the brakes to work significantly better.
This unobtrusively and conveniently optimises
the range.
Familiarise yourself with the braking action of
the different levels in a quiet area where there
is no traffic before using recuperation on public
roads.
Make note that specifically at high
recuperation levels, the onset of the
braking action may be surprisingly
strong. Therefore, you should practise cycling
with recuperation in a quiet area without traffic
before riding on public roads.
Please note that the slowing down
effect created by recuperation is variable and on no account should replace using the brake system. Due to the way
the system works, recuperation is not able to
always keep your speed steady. Therefore,
when going down hills, you must always be
ready to use your brakes.
It is usually shown on
the display screen
when the recuperation mode has been
activated.
Driving without drive support
Service and maintenance
You can also use your pedelec without the drive
support. If you have inserted the battery, you can
use the functions of the operating unit just as you
normally would.
If you choose to cycle without a battery, make
sure the battery connections stay clean and dry.
It is best to cover them using appropriate protection. However, in this case, you will not be able to
use the functions of the operating unit.
If your pedelec is equipped with a dynamopowered lighting system, you can also cycle in
the dark without a battery or with the operating
unit switched off. If the lights are powered by the
battery, you must carry a charged battery with
you. Please talk to your specialist retailer before
carrying this out.
Your pedelec must be inspected on a regular basis. The first inspection should be performed at
a specialist workshop after cycling roughly 200
km or otherwise after four to six weeks. During
the first kilometres cycled, safety related screw
connections may become loose; brake and gear
cables can increase in length; the bearings can
break and the spokes can readjust themselves.
For these reason, this inspection is necessary.
Correct use also entails inspections
and maintenance work. Non-compliance will affect your warranty claims.
Keep in mind that, in contrast to bikes
without an electric drive, the electric
actuator can result in higher levels of
wear and tear on the brakes and tyres, and,
in the case of a bottom bracket drive, also on
the chain and sprocket.
Keep in mind that only certain components of the s-pedelec can be exchanged with components of another
design. Otherwise, the validity of approval
and insurance coverage will be nullified.
Components that are only allowed to be replaced with parts approved by a manufacturer
• Front light
• Frame
• Rear light
• Fork
• Number plate holder
• Motor unit
• Side stand
• Battery
• Handlebars
• Tyres
• Stem
• Rims
• Brake system
If a replacement is required, only use
original replacement components.
• Open live parts should only be maintained and
cleaned at a bike shop.
• Only replace the pedelec’s components with
original parts or parts that have been approved
by the manufacturer. Otherwise your warranty
claims may be rendered invalid.
• Remove the battery before cleaning your pedelec.
• Ensure that you do not touch and thus possibly
connect contacts when cleaning or repairing
the battery. You risk being hurt and the battery
may suffer damage if the contacts are live.
• Cleaning with a high-pressure cleaner may
damage the electrical system. High pressure
levels can result in cleaning fluid finding its
way into sealed components and cause damage.
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53
Protect the cables and electrical components
from damage. If damage should have already
occurred, refrain from using your pedelec until it
has been inspected by a specialist retailer.
Pedelec with electric support up to 25 km/h
The same regulations for transporting a bicycle
must be applied here. These regulations can be
found in the general information section in this
manual. It is recommended to remove the battery
before getting on the train and not to put it back
on until you have gotten off.
Don’t let children who are unattended ride the pedelec without first
thoroughly instructing them on how
to use it.
Explain to children the dangers of using
electrical devices.
S-pedelec
In Germany, it is prohibited to use
an s-pedelec to pull a child-carrying
trailer with a child inside.
54
/
Aircraft
Batteries must be transported as you would
dangerous goods. The battery must be specially
marked. Consult your airline for further information.
Trailer use
Find out if a trailer can be fitted to your pedelec.
If necessary, contact your specialist retailer. Pay
attention to the current national legal practice,
with particular regards to whether you are allowed to use a trailer to transport children.
By public transportation
Transporting the pedelec
By car
Using a car, you can transport your pedelec like a
bicycle on a suitable bicycle car rack.
• Make note that pedelecs are much heavier
than typical bikes and, therefore, the car rack
must be designed to carry its weight.
• Before transport, remove the battery and
transport it separately.
• Make sure that the battery’s contacts are safe
from short circuiting.
Liability for material defects and lifespan
The statutory two-year liability for
material defects applies. The increased effect of force caused by
the electric drive means that wearInfo
ing parts, such as the brakes and
tyres, are subject to greater wear
and tear than with a normal bicycle. This the due
to the greater weight of the vehicle and the higher average speed that is achieved through the
propulsion. A bike’s tendency to have more wear
and tear is not a material defect and is, therefore,
not covered by the guarantee. Typical components to which this applies are:
• Tyres
• Brake pads
• Drive components
• Spokes
Legal disclosure
The battery is subject to aging and is therefore
also a wearable part. Please note that the battery
gradually loses its capacity depending on its age
and operating life. Take this into account when
planning journeys and ensure that you switch to
a new battery in good time. Replacement batteries can be purchased from your specialist retailer.
Batteries from pedelecs and e-bikes
Batteries belonging to pedelecs and e-bikes
should be treated as hazardous and are therefore subject to compulsory special labelling. They
have to be disposed of by specialist retailers or
manufacturers.
Batteries are not meant to be thrown away at
home. Broken or old batteries should be exposed
of at a bike shop.
Bat
tery
If you have any questions concerning your
bike, first contact your retailer. Then, if you
are still in need of answers, you can contact
the product’s manufacturer.
To find the contact information, look at the
warranty services, the reply envelope or at
other brand documents included by the bicycle’s manufacturer.
Responsible for distributing and marketing the operating instructions
inMotion mar.com
Rosensteinstr. 22, D-70191 Stuttgart
Tel
+49 711 35164091
Fax
+49 711 35164099
[email protected], www.inmotionmar.com
Content and images:
Veidt-Anleitungen
Mittelstr. 4
D-65307 Bad Schwalbach
Tel +49 6124 6054161
[email protected]
Legal inspection by a lawyer’s office specialising in intellectual property
These operating instructions cover the requirements and scope of ISO 4210:2014,
ISO 8098:2014, ISO 8124:2014, EN 15194.
In the case of delivery or use of this product
outside of the scope of the aforementioned
areas, the manufacturer of the bicycle is required to supply the necessary operating instructions.
© Multiplication, reprinting and translation as
well as any commercial use (including extracts, in printed or digital form) is only permitted if specifically granted in writing in advance.
Inspections
During the next inspection special care should be
taken for:
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
Parts that should be changed:
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
Problems that occured:
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
Intersport E EN Edition 1.0 October 2015
/
55
56
1. Inspection
After approx. 200 kilometres
2. Inspection
After approx. 1000 kilometres
3. Inspection
After approx. 2000 kilometres
Work done:
Work done:
Work done:
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
Materials used:
Materials used:
Materials used:
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
Date, signature
Retailer stamp
___________________________________
Date, signature
Retailer stamp
___________________________________
Date, signature
Retailer stamp
/
4. Inspection
5. Inspection
6. Inspection
Work done:
Work done:
Work done:
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
Materials used:
Materials used:
Materials used:
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
Date, signature
Retailer stamp
___________________________________
Date, signature
Retailer stamp
___________________________________
Date, signature
Retailer stamp
/
57
Notes
58
/
/
59
Notes
60
/
Hand-over documentation
The bicycle listed in the section “Bicycle identification” was assembled
properly and was delivered to the customer ready-to-use. This complies
with type ________, in the chapter “Intended use”.
Functional checks for the following components:
c Wheels: Spoke tension, sturdiness, concentricity, correct tyre pressure
The following operating manuals were supplied and explained:
c Bicycle
Plus:
c Gear system
Pedelec
c Brake system
c Battery
c All screw joints: secure, correct mounting torque
c Suspension elements
c Gear system
c Belt drive
c Brake system
c Other documentation:
c Light system
______________________________________________________
c Seat position adjusted to the rider
_______________________________________________________
c Suspension adjusted to the rider
_______________________________________________________
c The following components were assembled and checked separately:
Permitted for trailers cYes
c No
_______________________________________________________
Permitted for child seats
cYes
c No
Permitted for luggage carriers
cYes
c No
Permitted for competitions
cYes
c No
Authorized for Bike Parks
cYes
c No
_______________________________________________________
c The assembling/inspecting party completed a test ride
c The customer was instructed on how to use the bicycle
c Function of the right front brake
c Function of the left front brake
Supplied by (retailer stamp):
c Motor
c Operating parts
Customer /recipient /owner
Name
___________________________________
Address
___________________________________
Postal code, Town/City _______ ___________________________
e-mail
___________________________________
__________ ____________________________________________
__________________ ____________________________________
Date
Date of purchase
Signature assembling party /retailer
Signature recipient /owner
/
C5
Bicycle identification
_______________________
Intersport
Austria
Brand
Genesis
/ Nakamura
_______________________
Model _______________________
Frame height/size
_______________________
Colour
_______________________
Frame number _______________________
Fork/suspension fork _______________________
Serial number _______________________
Rear shock absorber _______________________
Serial number _______________________
Gear system _______________________
Engine number
_______________________
Battery number _______________________
Key number _______________________
Special features _______________________
______________________
The maximum total weight for this bicycle is 100 kg. The weight may
vary, especially for E-Bikes, Kids’ bikes and youth bikes: _____ kg
(bike weight + rider + baggage + trailer).
In the case of change of ownership:
Line up this edge when copying
Bicycle manufacturer
Owner
_______________________
Address
_______________________
_______ _______________
Date/Signature _______ _______________
/
C6
Notes
Please read.
Make note of the bicycle identification and delivery
document!
/
C7
[email protected]
Intersport · Edition 1 · 12/2015 · EN
Intersport Austria
Flugplatzstraße 10
4600 Wels, Austria
Tel: +43 7242 233 – 0
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